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Codigo Procesal Civil Comentado

Codigo Procesal Civil Comentado

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Código Procesal Civil Comentado

HONORABLE CORTE SUPREMA DE JUSTICIA
1
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
PROYECTO FORTALECIMIENTO DEL PODER JUDICIAL DE HONDURAS
COOPERACIÓN ESPAÑOLA
CODIGO PROCESAL CIVIL COMENTADO
HONDURAS
COORDINADOR DE LA OBRA
MAGISTRADO JUAN MIGUEL CARRERAS MARAÑA
AUTORES:
1. ANA LIA YNESTROZA.
2. BESSY VICTORIA AGUILAR
3. DAYSI RODRIGUEZ.
4. EDITH URTECHO LOPEZ
5. ELDA GUISELA MOLINA
6. ELVIA LETICIA PEREZ CENTENO
7. JOSE ALEIS AG!ERO
". JOSE TOMAS GUILLEN #ILLIAMS
$. JUAN MIGUEL CARRERAS MARAÑA % A&'() E*+,-(./
10. LUIS AL1REDO DE DIEGO DIEZ % A&'() E*+,-(./
11. MANUEL ENRI2UE CALI BONILLA
12. MARCO TULIO BARAHONA VALLE
13. MARIA ANTONIETA DOMINGUEZ
14. MARIA DEL SOL MEZA
2
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
15. OSCAR 1ERNANDO CHINCHILLA
16. OS#ALDO NAVARRO OVIEDO
17. RA1AEL BUSTILLO ROMERO
1". ROGELIO PENAGOS
1$. ROGER ALBERTO MARIN VELAS2UEZ
20. ROY DAVID URTECHO LOPEZ.
21. ZOE CELESTE VAS2UEZ ORDOÑEZ
3
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
PRESENTACIÓN
A +(3( 45* 67 &8 *9:.( 67 ;9:7839, 67 ., 8()4,'9;, ,3'&,. 78 4,'7)9, 39;9.< 3(8 ., 749*9=8
.7:9*.,'9;, 67. C=69:( C9;9. > 67. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C(4&87* 78 ,?&7. )73()6,6( "
67 @7A)7)( 67 1$06< 8( +(674(* 7;9',) 7;(3,) 7. )7:(39B( *(39,. ,6;7)'96( +() ., +(A.,39=8
C(86&)7-, 67 7*, D+(3,< > 78 7*+739,. 78 ., 3(4&896,6 B&)E693,< ,. 3(8',) 3(8 3&7)+(*
.7:,.7* 988(;,6()7* ?&7 784,)3,),8 .,* 8()4,* > +)(37694978'(* , *7:&9) +,), 69)949) .,*
67*,;787839,* ?&7 78 ,*&8'(* 39;9.7* 67 D7)73C( P)9;,6( *&*39',),8 78')7 +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7*
> B&)E693,*.
D7 9:&,. @()4,< ., 7F+73','9;, , ., +&7*', 78 ;9:7839, 67. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. 78 M,>( 67
200$< *&+(87 8&7;,478'7 &8 :),8 )7'( +,), ., 8,39=8 C(86&)7-, 78 ., 3(8@9:&),39=8 >
@()',.7394978'( 67 *& E*',6( 67 D7)73C(. P,), *& 7.,A(),39=8 *7 C,8 3(8*967),6( .,*
'7867839,* 6(3')98,.7* > B&)9*+)&67839,.7* 4(67)8,*< ,*E 3(4( ., 983()+(),39=8 67 8&7;(*
4(67.(* 67 :7*'9=8 67 67*+,3C(* B&6939,.7*< 45* *(A)7'(6( *7 C, C73C( 7*+739,. D8@,*9* 78
*,'9*@,37) .,* 8737*96,67* > 7F9:7839,* 67 ., )7,.96,6 8,39(8,..
E* ,*E ?&7 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. +)(4&.:,6(< +)7'7867 98*',&),) ., (),.96,6< +&A.9396,6<
'),8*+,)7839,< (AB7'9;96,6 3978'E@93, 78 7. 4,87B( 67 ., +)&7A, > ., 37.7)96,6 +)(37*,. 78 7.
')549'7 67 .(* +)(37*(*< 9839678'7* > )73&)*(* ?&7 *7,8 *(47'96(* , 3(8(394978'( 67
4,:9*'),6(* > B&737* 67 ., B&)9*69339=8 39;9.. C(8 7*'( 98'78', 49'9:,) 7. @()4,.9*4( 7F37*9;(
?&7 +)(.(8:, 67*47*&),6,478'7 ., 6&),39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(*< > 67*;,8737) 7. *73)7'9*4(
98*'9'&96( +() 7. *9*'74, 7*3)9'( ?&7 67*,3)769', ., 3(8@9,8G, 78 ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67 *&*
B&737* > 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* ?&7 749'78.
S98 .&:,) , 6&6,* ?&7 7. 8&7;( ()678,4978'( +)(37*,. 39;9.< 78 ., 47696, ?&7 )769*7-, 7.
+)(37694978'( B&6939,. +,), ., )7*(.&39=8 67 .(* 3(8@.93'(* 78 7*', 4,'7)9,< 7. 49*4( 67A7 9)
,3(4+,-,6( ,6745* 67 ,3'9;96,67* 8737*,)9,* +,), +(67) 94+.7478',).( 67 @()4, ,673&,6,
678')( 67 .,* 3&,.7* 67*',3,8 ., 3)7,39=8 67 @()(* 67 69*3&*9=8< ., 94+,)'939=8 67 3&)*(* 67
3,+,39',39=8< ., *94&.,39=8 67 ,&697839,* > ., 3(8@7339=8 67 C7)),4978',* .9'7),)9,* ?&7
*9);,8 3(4( 98*')&478'(* 67 ()978',39=8 ( +,&',* ?&7 @,39.9'78 , ., 3(4&896,6 B&)E693,
+)(@&869G,) 78 *& 98;7*'9:,39=8 > )7@.7F9=8 67 ., 8&7;, .7:9*.,39=8.
E8 ',. *78'96(< 8(* 78():&..737 +)7*78',) ,. @()( 8,39(8,. > , ., *(3976,6 C(86&)7-, 78
:787),.< 7*', +)947), 76939=8 67. HCódigo Procesal Civil ComentadoI< ?&7 3(8*'9'&>7 7.
+)(6&3'( 67. 7*'&69( 498&39(*( > 67 .,):,* B()8,6,* 67 '),A,B( 67 &8 :)&+( 67 67*',3,6(*
B&)9*',* C(86&)7-(* > 7*+,-(.7* 3(8 ,&'()96,6 3,'7:=)93, 78 ., 4,'7)9,. E8 *& 3(8'7896( 7.
.73'() 783(8'),)5 &8 ,85.9*9* +7)*+93,G< ?&7 3(8')9A&>, , 7*3.,)737) ., 98'7839=8 67. .7:9*.,6()
78 .( +.,*4,6( 78 3,6, &8( 67 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. D73)7'( N(. 211J2006< 78 ,+(>( , ., .,A() 67
@()4,) &8 3)9'7)9( &89@()47 78 3&,8'( , ., ,+.93,39=8 67 ., .7:9*.,39=8 +)(37*,. 39;9. , 89;7.
8,39(8,.. E* (+()'&8( ,3.,),) ?&7 .,* (+989(87* 69@&8696,* 78 7*', (A), 8( )7*+(8678 ,.
3)9'7)9( 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< *98( ,. +78*,4978'( 67693,6( > 7F3.&*9;( 67 *&*
)7*+73'9;(* ,&'()7*. E*'7 T)9A&8,. S&+)74( 67B,)5 3(8*',839, 67 .,* *&>,* 78 .,
4
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
B&)9*+)&67839, ?&7 *&)', 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 67 3,*(* 3(83)7'(* 98*')&96(* A,B( 7*'7 8&7;(
C=69:(.
L, C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< ?&7 47 C(8)( 78 +)7*969)< 67*7, 7F+)7*,) *& :),'9'&6 , '(6,*
.,* +7)*(8,* 98;(.&3),6,* 69)73', 7 9869)73',478'7 78 ., 4,'7)9,.9G,39=8 67 7*'7 8(A.7
7*@&7)G(< ,:),67394978'( ?&7 *7 C,37 7F'78*9;( 67 4,87), 7*+739,. ,. G(A97)8( > P&7A.( 67.
R798( 67 E*+,-,< +() 4769( 67 ., Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional %AECI/<
3&>, +,)'939+,39=8 ,3'9;, 78 ., 3(8*(.96,39=8 67 ., )7@()4, B&6939,. 67 ., R7+KA.93, 67
H(86&),* ?&76, &8, ;7G 45* 7;967839,6,< 78 7*', (+()'&896,6 3(8 7. ,+()'7 98'7.73'&,. 67
7F37+39(8,.7* B&)9*3(8*&.'(* > *& ,+(>( +7)4,878'7 78 ., 3(8*(.96,39=8 67 C7)),4978',*
,3,6D493,* 8737*,)9,* +,), 7. +)(37*( 78*7-,8G,J,+)7869G,B7< 3(4( .( 7* ., +&A.93,39=8 67
7*', 76939=8.
198,.478'7< 3(8@9,6(* ?&7 7*'7 Código Procesal Civil Comentado *7 3(8*'9'&9)5 78 &8
,&F9.9( A5*93( +,), .(* (+7),6()7* 67 B&*'939,< ,8'7 ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 *(39,. 67 *7) 3,6, 6E,
45* 3(4+7'78'7*< 67*7,4(* 7FC()',) *& 7*'&69( , '(6(* .(* C(86&)7-(*< 78 7*+739,. , .,
+(A.,39=8 7*'&69,8'9. , ?&978 7. @&'&)( +7)'78737< +,), ?&7 78')7 *&* +5:98,* 783&78')78 .,
()978',39=8 > 7. ,+(>( 8737*,)9( +,), @()B,) 3(8 7. '974+( ., G),8 H(86&),* ?&7 *&
39&6,6,8E, 47)737< 78 ., ?&7 +)7;,.7G3, 7. I4+7)9( 67 ., L7> > &8, J&*'939, P)(8', +,),
T(6(*.
VILMA CECILIA MORALES MONTALVÁN
MAGISTRADA PRESIDENTA DE LA CORTE SUPREMA DE JUSTICIA
5
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
PROLOGO
L, (A), B&)E693, 67 .(* 3(478',)9(* ,. 8&7;( 3=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. 67 H(86&),* 3(8*'9'&>7 .,
3&.498,39=8 67 &8 78()47 +)(37*( 67 4(67)89G,39=8 > 698,49G,39=8 67 ., B&*'939, 39;9. 78 .,
R7+KA.93, 67 H(86&),*. E*7 +)(37*( 783,A7G,6( 7 94+&.*,6( +() ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67
J&*'939, *7 98939( 78 7. ,-( 2005 3(8 .(* '),A,B(* 67 +)7+,),39=8 67 &8 A8'7+)(>73'( > 67 &8
P)(>73'( 67 8&7;( 3=69:( +)(37*,. 39;9.< ?&7 *&*'9'&>7), 7. ;7'&*'( 3=69:( 67 1$06. U8, ;7G
3(83.&96(* .(* '),A,B(* +)7;9(* > 7. 3())7*+(86978'7 ')549'7 P,).,478',)9(< 7. *5A,6( 6E, 26J
05J2007 *7 +&A.93( 78 ., G,37',JD9,)9( O@939,. 67 ., R7+KA.93, 67 H(86&),* 7. D73)7'( 211J
2006 )7@7)78'7 ,. 8&7;( HC=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.I< 67)(:586(*7 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(*
39;9.7* 67 "J02J1$06 > 7*',A.739D86(*7 &8 +7)9(6( +,), ., 78'),6( 78 ;9:() 67. 8&7;( '7F'(
67 ;798'93&,')( 47*7*.
D7 @()4, +,),.7., ,. +)(37*( .7:9*.,'9;( +() ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, > +() ., E*3&7.,
J&6939,. HS,.(4=8 J94D87G C,*')(I *7 98939= 78 7. ,-( 2006 &8 ,4A939(*( +)(37*( 67
@()4,39=8 67 B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(* 78 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. 8&7;( '7F'( > *7 7*',A.739= &8
,4+.9( +)(:),4, 67 3,+,39',39(87* > 67 @()4,39=8 67 3,+,39',6()7* ?&7 *7 67*,))(..( ',8'(
78 T7:&39:,.+, M.D.C. 3(4( 78 69*'98',* 39&6,67* 67 ., R7+KA.93,. A*949*4(< 7*'7 +)(37*(
67 94+.7478',39=8 78 ., )7@()4, P)(37*,. 3(8'= 3(8 ., 3(.,A(),39=8 67 ., U89;7)*96,6 ',8'(
78 .( )7.,'9;( , ., @()4,39=8 67. +)(@7*(),6(< 3(4( 78 ., 4(69@93,39=8 67 .(* +.,87* 67
7*'&69(*.
C(4( 3(.(@=8 67 7*'7 7*@&7)G( 3(8B&8'( > 3(.73'9;( 67 '(6(* .(* (+7),6()7* > )7*+(8*,A.7*
67 ., ,3'9;96,6 B&6939,.< .7:9*.,'9;, > 6(378'7 78 7. 54A9'( 67 ., )7@()4, 39;9.< 3&,86( 7*',
4&> +)=F94, ., 78'),6, 78 ;9:() 67. 8&7;( CPCH< > 67*+&D* 67 &8 98478*( '),A,B(< ;7 .,
H.&G 67 ., 94+)78',I< 3(4( 69)E, M9:&7. 67 C7);,8'7*< 7*', (A), 67 3(478',)9(* 67. C=69:(
P)(37*,. C9;9. 67 H(86&),*. E*'(* 3(478',)9(* ,. CPCH *(8 7. @)&'( 67 4&3C(* 47*7* 67
'),A,B( 67 ,.:&8(* 67 .(* 4,* +)7*'9:9(*(* 7 98*9:87* B&)9*',* 67 ., R7+KA.93, 67 H(86&),*<
?&9787* 67 @()4, 67*98'7)7*,6, C,8 67*,))(..,6( &8, 98:78'7 .,A() 67 ,85.9*9* > 67 7*'&69( 67
.,* 8&7;,* 98*'9'&39(87* B&)E693,* 67)9;,6,* 67. +)(37*( 39;9. > ?&7 +)7'7867 ,37)3,) 7.
*9*'74, +)(37*,. 39;9. 67 H(86&),* , .,* 4,* ,.',* 3(',* 67 4(67)896,6.
L, 4(67)89G,39=8< ., *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,< 7. ,337*( , ., B&*'939, > ., 3(C7*9=8 *(39,. @&7)(8 .(*
7B7* '745'93(* 7*7839,.7* 67 ., IV A*,4A.7, P.78,)9, 67 ., C&4A)7 J&6939,. IA7)(,47)93,8,
37.7A),6, .(* 6E,* 4J5J6 67 M,)G( 67 200" 78 B),*9.9, > 7*(* 49*4(* @&7)(8 ',4A9D8 .(*
(AB7'9;(* 67. CPCH 67 2007 > 67 .(* 3(478',)9(* 67 *& 3(8'7896(. H(> 78 6E, .,
4(67)896,6 67 .(* *9*'74,* B&6939,.7* 7F9:7 &8, 3(8*',8'7 ,3'&,.9G,39=8 67 .(*
3(8(394978'(* 'D3893(* > ., @,39.9',39=8 , .(* B&737* 67 C7)),4978',* B&)E693,* ,673&,6,* +,),
?&7 *&* )7*(.&39(87* +&76,8 )7*+(867) , .,* 7F9:7839,* 67 ., J&*'939, 678')( 67. 3(8'7F'( 67
6
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
., 3(8;9;7839, +,3E@93, 67 .(* +&7A.(* 98*+9),6, 78 .(* +)9839+9(* > +)(+=*9'(* 3(8*,:),6(*
78 ., C,)', 67 .,* N,39(87* U896,* > 67 ., O):,89G,39=8 67 .(* E*',6(* A47)93,8(*< ',.7*
3(4(L C(8')9A&9) , ., 3(8*(.96,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(* 674(3)5'93(*M ,+(>,) ,. @()',.7394978'(
67. E*',6( 67 D7)73C(M ,*7:&),) ., :(A7)8,A9.96,6M > ,+.93,) 473,89*4(* 67 98'7:),39=8 78
7. *73'() 67 ., B&*'939, +,), C,37) @)78'7 , .(* 8&7;(* @78=478(* 73(8=493(* > *(39,.7* ?&7
7*'58 747):9786( 78 7. 3(8'7F'( 67 *(3976,67* ,;,8G,6,*< +&7* ., J&*'939, 3(8*'9'&>7 &8( 67
.(* ;,.()7* *&+7)9()7* 67 3&,.?&97) O)678,4978'( B&)E693( > 7*< ,*949*4(< &8( 67 .(*
67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* 67 ., +7)*(8,.
P,), 7..(< *7 C,39, +)739*( 78 H(86&),* &8 3=69:( 4(67)8( ?&7 3(8'98&,), ., .E87, 67
,)4(89G,39=8 67 .(* *9*'74,* +)(37*,.7* C78')(,47)93,8(* > ?&7 @,;()7G3, &8 7*+,39(
B&6939,. K893( 3(8 ,673&,6, 39)3&.,39N8 67 )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7* 3(4( 4769( 67
698,49G,39=8 73(8=493, > 67. +)(:)7*( 67 ., N,39=8. E8 67@989'9;,< +,), 3&,.?&97) *(3976,6
674(3)5'93,< 7* +)94()69,. 7. ,673&,6( @&839(8,4978'( 67. P(67) J&6939,. ?&7< 78 7. 69,)9(
7B7)3939( 67 ., +('7*',6 B&)9*69339(8,.< '&'7., .(* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* .7:E'94(* 67 '(6(* .(*
39&6,6,8(*< :,),8'9G,86( 7. ()678 +(.E'93( > ., +,G *(39,. > *9786( &8 98*')&478'( 7@93,G
+,), ?&7 ., J&*'939, *7 ,64989*')7 3(8@()47 , ,?&7..,* 37)'7),* )7@.7F9(87* 67 ., 4E*'93, S()
MO 67 A:)76,< 3&,86( 673E, ?&7 ., J&*'939, C,> ?&7 7B73&',)., H3(8 *,8( 3(),G=8 > @9)47
;(.&8',6< +)(3&)586(., 78 4989*')(* > B&737*< 67 *&7)'7 ?&7 89 )&7:(* ., ,A.,8678< 89
.5:)94,* .7* 78'7)87G3,8< 89 6(87* .7* 3())(4+,8< 89 ,478,G,* .7* 7*+,8'78< 89 9),* .7*
;78G,8< 89 (69(* .7* '&)A78< 89 ,@7339(87* .7* 78:,-78I.
L, B&*'939, +)(8', > 3&4+.96,< 7F+769', > 7@93978'7< 3(8*'9'&>7 &8, 67 .,* 674,86,* 45*
*78'96,* +() .(* 39&6,6,8(* H(86&)7-(* > &8 7.7478'( 7*7839,. > A5*93( +,), .,
3(8*(.96,39=8 67 &8 ;7)6,67)( E*',6( 67 D7)73C(. E8 7*7 *78'96(< 898:&8, L7> 45*
94+()',8'7 +,), 7*'7 @98 ?&7 &8 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< > 7..( +() 6(* ),G(87*
@&86,478',.7*. P() &8 .,6(< +()?&7 ., L7> +)(37*,. ;9:78'7< '9787 >, 45* 67 3978 ,-(* 67
7@73'9;, 7F9*'7839,< )7*&.',86( 7;9678'7 ?&7 @&7 69*7-,6, +,), &8, *(3976,6 +)7986&*')9,.
4&> 69*'98', , ., ,3'&,.< >< +() (')(< +()?&7 ., 8()4, ;9:78'7 < ,K8 3(8 *& ;,.() 3(4(
+)737678'7< 69@E39.478'7 )7*+(867 , .(* )7'(* +)(+9(* 67 &8, *(3976,6 4(67)8, ?&7 +)739*,
67 5:9.7* 473,89*4(* 67 )7*(.&39=8 67 .(* 3(8@.93'(* +)9;,6(*< > , .(* 3)9'7)9(* +)(37*,.7* 67
:,),8'E, 67 ., '&'7., 7@73'9;,< 67 ., 984769,39=8 B&6939,. > 67 ., (),.96,6 > 3(8378'),39=8<
3(4( 4769(* +,), ., 698,49G,39=8 67 .,* )7.,39(87* 3(47)39,.7*< ., *7:&)96,6 78 .,*
'),8*,339(87* > 7. 67*,))(..( 73(8=493(.
C(8 3,)53'7) :787),.< +(674(* 6739) ?&7 ., ;(3,39=8 67. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. 67 *&*'9'&9) ,.
3,*9 378'78,)9( C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7*< *&+(86)5< &8 3,4A9( ),693,. 78 '(6( .(
?&7 3(8397)87 ,. +)(37*( C9;9.< 378')586(*7 7. 8K3.7( 67 *& )7@()4, 78 6(* +9.,)7* A5*93(*<
3(4( C,8 67*',3,6( > ,8,.9G,6( .(* 3(478',)9*',* 67 *& '7F'(. E8 +)947) .&:,)< 78 .,
7
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
*94+.9@93,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(* 7F9*'78'7* ?&7 *7 +97)67 78 &8, 4,),-, 67 +)(37*(*
()698,)9(* > 7*+739,.7*. E. 8&7;( C=69:( 3(8'74+., 6(* +)(37694978'(* 67 8,'&),.7G,
()698,)9,< 7. ()698,)9( > 7. ,A)7;9,6(M 67 ',. 4,87), ?&7 ., 4,>()E, 67 .( ?&7 78 ., ,3'&,.96,6
*(8 +)(37*(* 7*+739,.7* *7 )73(86&378 , +&8'&,.7* 7*+739,.96,67* 78 7. 3())7*+(86978'7
+)(37*( 67 8,'&),.7G, ()698,)9,< +&7* .(* +)(37*(* 7*')93',478'7 7*+739,.7* *7 )76&378 , 6(*L
7. 4(89'()9( > 7. 67 '&'7., *&4,)9,. E8 *7:&86( .&:,)< 78 ., 8&7;, )7:&.,39=8 67 ., +)&7A,<
3(8 7*+739,. 983967839, 78 .( )7.,'9;( , *& +)53'93,< > , *& ;,.(),39=8 > 4('9;,39=8 78 .,
*78'7839,. E*'(* 6(* ,*+73'(* 7*7839,.7* 67 ., )7@()4, *7 3(4+.7478',8 3(8 &8 +)(37*( 67
EB73&39=8 K893(< 3(8 K893, (+(*939=8 > &8, K893, ;E, 67 ,+)749(.
E. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. 98')(6&37 +)(@&86,* 988(;,39(87* )7*+73'( ,. *9*'74, +)(37*,. 39;9.
+)737678'7 67 +)9839+9(* 67. *9:.( +,*,6( > )7*+(867 , .(* :78D)93(* (AB7'9;(* 98693,6(* 67
3(8*(.96,39=8 67. E*',6( 67 67)73C( > 67 @,;()7394978'( 67. +)(:)7*( 73(8=493( > *(39,..
E. 8&7;( C=69:(< ,&8?&7 ,+)(;73C7 98*'9'&39(87* > 3(837+'(* 67. ,8'9:&( '7F'(< 8( *7 )76&37
, &8, )7@()4,< *98( ?&7 *&+(86)5 &8 8&7;( 4(6( 67 78B&939,) > 67 3(837A9) ., B&*'939, 39;9. >
.(* 4769(* 67 )7*(.&39=8 67 .(* 3(8@.93'(* +)9;,6(* 67)9;,6(* 67 .,* )7.,39(87* 78')7
+,)'93&.,)7* > 78')7 74+)7*,*< '(4,86( 3(4( +)749*, ., *&*'9'&39=8 67 &8 *9*'74, 7*3)9'( >
,.7B,6( 67 ., 984769,39=8 > 7@73'9;, +)7*7839, 67. B&7G 78 7. +)(37*(< +() (')(
+)76(498,8'7478'7 (),.< 78 7. ?&7 *7 3(8*,:),8< 67 4,87), 4&> ),693,.< .(* +)9839+9(* 67
(),.96,6< 67 984769,39=8 > 67 3(8378'),39=8< > ,. B&7G 3(4( 7. 378')( 67. +)(37*( > 7.
:,),8'7 67 .(* 67)73C(* 67 .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*.
E. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. *7 ,+(>, 78 ;,)9,* .E87,* A5*93,* ?&7 *&+(878 &8 ),693,. 3,4A9( >
&8, 8(;76(*, 3(837+39=8 67. +)(37*( 39;9. 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., ,8'7)9() .7:9*.,39=8. E*',*
+,&',* 67 )7@()4,< ?&7 3(8 +&8'&,.96,6< 67693,39=8 > +)739*9=8 *7 ,8,.9G,8 78 ., +)7*78'7
(A),< *(8 .,* *9:&978'7*L
1P.J E. 8&7;( 69*7-( 67. +)(37*( A,*,6( 78 &8 +)(37*( (),.< 7F9:7 ,8'7 '(6( ?&7 7. B&7G ?&7
C,>, 69)9:96( ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9, 3(8 3)9'7)9(* 67 3(8'),69339=8 7 984769,39=8 *7, 7. ?&7
693'7 ., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 +(87 @98 ,. +)(37*(.
2P.J L, )7:&.,39=8 +)7'7867 7;9',) ?&7 7. 67*,))(..( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, *7 3(8;97)', 78
&8 (A*'53&.( ( 4,89(A), 69.,'()9, , 69*+(*939=8 67 .,* +,)'7* 67. +)(37*(< +&:8,6( +() .,
7@93,39, > ., 7@9397839, 67 ., ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,.
3P.JE. +)9839+9( 67 &896,6 67 ,3'( 3(A), &8, 7*+739,. )7.7;,839,< 4769,8'7 ., +)53'93, 67
'(6,* .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* 78 &8, ,&697839, 3(8 69)73', 98'7);7839=8 B&6939,.< ',8'( 78 .,
69)7339=8 67. 67A,'7 +)(37*,.< 3(4( 78 ., )7*(.&39=8 67 .,* 69*'98',* +7'939(87* ?&7 *7
@()4&.78 ,. ')9A&8,. ( 67 .,* +)('7*',* ?&7 *7 ,)'93&.78 78 ., 3,&*,.
"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4P.J L, 7*')&3'&), ?&7 *9:&7 7. C=69:( 7* ., ?&7 *7 3())7*+(867 3(8 &8 +)(37*( (),.<
69*'98:&9D86(*7 &8,* 8()4,* :787),.7* > .(* 3(83)7'(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,. S98 +7)B&939( 67 *&
,)'93&.,39=8 78 .(* ')549'7* 67. +)(37*( ()698,)9( > 67. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< .,* 8()4,*
:787),.7* @9B,8 .(* 3)9'7)9(* +)(A,'()9(* , .(* ?&7 *7 C,8 67 ,'787) .,* +,)'7* > 7. J&7G +,),
,3)769',) .(* C73C(* (AB7'( 67. .9'9:9(. T,4A9D8 *7 )7:&.,8 .,* *9:&978'7* 4,'7)9,*L 7B73&39=8<
4769,* 3,&'7.,)7*< ,*7:&),4978'( 67 ., +)&7A,< +)&7A, ,8'939+,6,< 69.9:7839,* +)7.9498,)7*<
+)(37*(* 7*+739,.7* *(A)7 )&+'&), 4,')94(89,.< 983,+,37*< 98'7)8,4978'(< +)9839+9(* +)(+9(*
67 @,49.9, > 69;9*9=8 67 +,')94(89(*< '(6(* .(* 3&,.7* *(8 ,8,.9G,6(* 78 .(* 3(478',)9(* +()
67*',3,6(* 7*+739,.9*', *78 ,. 4,'7)9,.
5P.J U8, 67 .,* 3&7*'9(87* ?&7 )7*,.', 67 4,87), 8(',A.7 '),* &8 7*'&69( 98939,. 67. C=69:(
P)(37*,. C9;9. 7* ., +('7839,39=8 67 ., +)947), 98*',839, ?&7 )7@.7B,< +()?&7 7. C=69:( ?&97)7
@,39.9',) 7F'),()698,)9,478'7 ., 7B73&39=8 +)(;9*9(8,. 67 ., *78'7839,. C(8 7..( *7 +)7'7867
69*&,69) ,. )73&))78'7 67 ?&7 98'7)+(8:, ., ,+7.,39=8 3(8 @987* 47),478'7 69.,'()9(*< +() ',8'(<
*7 ?&97)7 3(8*7:&9) ?&7 ., 6739*9=8 67 ., +)947), 98*',839, *7, ., )7,.478'7 94+()',8'7 >
7@73'9;,.
6P.J S7 @9B, &8 *9*'74, 67 EB73&39=8 K893,< +() .( ?&7 *7 &89@93, 7. '),',4978'( 67 .(* 'E'&.(*
B&6939,.7* > 7F'),B&6939,.7*< *7 &89@93, ',4A9D8 7. +)(37694978'(< ',8'( +,) ., 7B73&39=8 67 C,37)
3(4( 67 6,) ( 67 8( C,37) ( 67 +&A.93,) &8, *78'7839,/
7P.J S7 698,49G,8 .(* 4769(* 67 7B73&39=8 @()G(*, 7@93,G > 67 ,6(+39=8 67 47696,*
3,&'7.,)7*. P,), 7..( *7 ,6(+',8 47696,* 3(4( D*',*L S9*'74,'9G,39=8 > ()678,39=8 67 .,
7B73&39=8 > 67 .,* 47696,* 3,&'7.,)7*< 4(67)89G,39=8 67 ., 4,89@7*',39=8 67 A9787* 3(8 7. @98
67 '),7) , ., 7B73&39=8 .(* 67. 7B73&',6( ?&7 )7,.478'7 7F9*',8 > *7,8 *&>(* *98 +(*9A9.96,6 67
(3&.',4978'(M @,39.9',39=8 67 ., )7,.9G,39=8 @()G(*, 67 .(* A9787* , '),;D* 67 +7)*(8,* 7F+7)',*
78 7B73&39=8M *7 :,),8'9G, ., 7@73'9;96,6 67 ., 7B73&39=8 +7)49'9D86(*7 94+(87) 78 397)'(* 3,*(*
4&.',* 3(7)39'9;,* @)78'7 , .,* 69.,39(87* 7 983&4+.94978'(*.
"P.J S7 98')(6&37 7. P)(37*( M(89'()9( 3(4(< &8, 67 .,* +97G,* 3,+9',.7* 67. 8&7;( *9*'74,
7B73&'9;( ?&7 *7 +)7'7867< 78 +)9839+9( &8( 67 .(* :),867* .(:)(* 67. 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,.
C9;9. *7:K8 *7 7*'5 67*',3,86( +() ., 6(3')98,< ,&8?&7 3(8 6&6,* .=:93,* *(A)7 *& 983967839,
+)53'93,.
$PJ. L, 7*7839, 67. +)(37*( 7* ., +)&7A, > +() 7..( A&78, +,)'7 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 67 .(*
3(478',)9*',* *7 378'), 78 7*', 7*7839,. +,)'7 67. CPCH. E. B&7G< +() 67@98939=8 94+,)39,. >
*(.( *&B7'( 7. 94+7)9( 67 ., .7>< 67A7 67 B&G:,) 3(8@()47 , .( ,.7:,6( > +)(A,6( +() .,*
+,)'7* 678')( 67. +)(37*(M >< +() 7..(< ., +)&7A,< 3(4( ,3'9;96,6 69)9:96, , 67*+7B,) .,
983=:89', *(A)7 .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(*< *7 3(8;97)'7 78 7. 8K3.7( 67. +)(37*( > 78 *&
$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
(AB7'( A5*93(. S7 )7@&7)G, 7. *9*'74, 67 ;,.(),39=8 .9A)7 67 ., +)&7A, %67 ,+)739,39=8 *7:K8
.,* )7:.,* 67 ., H*,8, 3)E'93,I/< +&7* *7 ,'74+7), 7. 3,)53'7) ',*,6( 67 ., @&7)G, +)(A,'()9, 67
., 3(8@7*9=8 > 67 .(* 6(3&478'(*. E. C=69:( ,@)(8', 7. +)(A.74, 67 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 .,
+)&7A, 3(8 3)9'7)9(* 4(67)8(* > *7:&)(*. P)7*39869786( 67 4,'937* '7)498(.=:93(* ?&7
+&7678 :787),) 3(8@&*9=8< 7. B&7G 67A7 67 7*',) +)7(3&+,6( *(.,478'7 +() 67*+7B,) )7*+73'(
, *& 3(8;9339=8 3&,.?&97) *(*+73C, 67 ,)A9'),)976,6< .( ?&7 7F9:7 ., 7F+)7*9=8 3.,), > +)739*,
78 ., *78'7839, 67. @&86,478'( 67. @,..( 3(8 A,*7 78 ., *,8, 3)E'93, > 78 ., ;,.(),39=8
),G(8,6, 67 ., +)&7A, (A),8'7 78 ., 3,&*,< 3(8 3)9'7)9(* 67 4('9;,39=8< 3(8:)&7839, >
7FC,&*'9;96,6.
E*'(* (AB7'9;(* > 3(8*967),39(87* 7*'58 +)7*78'7* 78 7. CPCH > C,8 *96( 67*',3,6(* 78 .(*
3(478',)9(* ?&7 *7 +)7*78',8 3&>, @98,.96,6 7* 6(A.7. P() &8 .,6(< '),', 67 *7) &8, (A),
3(4+.7', > ,673&,6, +,), ,85.9*9* 984769,'( 67. '7F'( > +,), ?&7 3,6, &8( 67 .(* J&737* >
M,:9*'),6(* ?&7 .( '78:,8 ?&7 ,+.93,) 7 94+.7478',) 69*+(8:,8 67 &8, C7)),4978', 5:9. >
7@93,G +,), &8, +)947), ;,.(),39=8 67. C=69:( > +,), &8 +)947) ,37)3,4978'( , *&
,+.93,39=8 7@73'9;,. P() (')( .,6(< ., (A), 8,37 3(8 ., ;(3,39=8 67 *7) &8 98*')&478'( 67
+)(@&869G,39=8 78 ., )7@()4, +)(37*,. 39;9. > 78 898:K8 3,*( 3(4( &8, (A), 37)),6, 7
98,4(;9A.7< *98( 3(4( 7. 74A)9=8 > ., *749.., 67 @&'&)(* '7F'(* 45* +,)'93&.,)9G,6(* >
67',..,6(*.
2&97)( 3(83.&9) 7*', A)7;7 +)7*78',39=8 3(8 49 4,* *9837)( ,:),67394978'( , '(6,* .,*
+7)*(8,* 7 98*'9'&39(87* ?&7 C,8 3(.,A(),6( > ?&7 C,8 C73C( +(*9A.7 ., 7B73&39=8 67 ., (A),
> 7*+739,.478'7 , ., A:7839, E*+,-(., 67 C((+7),39=8 I8'7)8,39(8,.J E4A,B,6, 67. R798(
67 E*+,-,< , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, > ., E*3&7., J&6939,. 67 H(86&),*< ,*E 3(4( ,
'(6(* > 3,6( &8( 67 .(* J&737* > M,:9*'),6(* 98'7:),8'7* 67. P(67) J&6939,. 67 H(86&),* > ,
.(* P)(@7*()7* U89;7)*9',)9(* ?&7 C,8 ,*9*'96( , .(* 3&)*(* 67 3,+,39',39=8 > @()4,39=8 >
?&7 3(8 *&* ,+()',39(87* > 3(478',)9(* C,8 78)9?&7396( ., (A),. D7 @()4, 4&> 67*',3,6, >
7*+739,. ?&97)( *9:89@93,) , '(6(* .(* ,&'()7* > 3(478',)9*',* ?&7 C,8 67693,6( &8 :),8
7*@&7)G( +7)*(8,. > +)(@7*9(8,. , *& )7,.9G,39=8 > ?&7 C,8 3(8@9:&),6( &8, (A), 3978'E@93,
?&7 3(8B&:, 7. )9:() ,3,6D493(< 3(8 ., ;(.&8',6 67 *7) &8 98*')&478'( 67 ,+.93,39=8 67 &8,
67 .,* 4,* 94+()',8'7* )7@()4, .7:,.7* 67 ., C9*'()9, 67 ., R7+KA.93, 67 H(86&),*. A '(6(*
7..(* 49 *9837)( ,:),67394978'( > 49 ,@73'( 4,* @),'7)8(.
J. M. CARRERAS MARAÑA.
Magistrado-Presidete de !a A"die#ia Pro$i#ia! de %"rgos-Es&a'a.
Coordiador de !a o(ra. Cos"!tor Itera#ioa!.
TITULO PRELIMINAR
PRINCIPIOS
10
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ALEXIS AGÜERO
MARIA DEL SOL MEZA
1
.
S(8 .,* 967,* > )7:.,* ?&7 +)7*&+(878 7. +&8'( 67 +,)'96, +,), ., 3(8*')&339=8 67 .(*
98*')&478'(* 7*7839,.7* 67 ., @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,.< .,* ?&7 67'7)498,8 ?&7 *7,8
*&*',839,.478'7 3(4( *(8. E*',* 967,* > )7:.,* 8,378 3(4( )7*+&7*', , ., 8737*96,6 67
7*',A.737) .(* +)(37694978'(* ?&7 C,> ?&7 74+.7,) +,), 7. 94+,)'94978'( 67 ., B&*'939,< 3(8
)7:&.,39=8 67 .(* ,3'(* 67 .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7*< 67 ., @()4, 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 B&6939,. ?&7
67*74+7-,8 .(* @&839(8,)9(* B&6939,.7*< .,* +,)'7* > .(* 6745* 98'7);98978'7* 78 .(* +)(37*(*<
@9B586(.7* *&* @&839(87*< @,3&.',67*< 67)73C(*< 67A7)7* > 3,):,*. E8 +,.,A),* 67. P)(@7*() De
La Oliva Santos, H*(8 .(* 3)9'7)9(* 98*+9),6()7* 67 ., 3,+,396,6 67 6739*9=8 > 67 98@.&7839,
67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. > 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7. 8,394978'( 67. +)(37*(< 78 *& (AB7'(< 78 *&
67*78;(.;94978'( > 78 *& '7)498,39=8. L(* +)947)(* 22 ,)'E3&.(* 67. C=69:(< A,B( ., )KA)93,
HD9*+(*939(87* G787),.7*. P)9839+9(*I 3(8'97878 .(* +)9839+9(* :787),.7* 67. 8&7;( +)(37*(.
T97878 &8, 94+()',839, 3,+9',.< 8( *=.( +()?&7 .&7:( *7 +&767 3(4+)(A,) *& )7@.7B( 78 7.
)7*'( 67. ,)'93&.,6( *98( +()?&7 , 7..(* C,A)5 67 ,3&69)*7 +,), 98'7)+)7',) 69*+(*939(87* ?&7
+&76,8 *&*39',) ,.:&8, 6&6, > +,), 3(.4,) +(*9A.7* .,:&8,* B&)E693,*. E*(* +)9839+9(* .(*
+(674(* 3.,*9@93,) 78 ')7* ,+,)',6(*L
A) Principi! r"#$cin$%! cn #! D"r"c&! Cn!'i'(cin$#"! 67 ,337*( , .(* ')9A&8,.7*<
67 67@78*, > 67 '&'7., 7@73'9;, 3(8*,:),6(* 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* "2 > "3 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8
P(.E'93, 67 H(86&),*. E..(* *(8L
1.J Acc"! $ #$ )(!'ici$ * '('"#$ "+"c'i,$-
E*'7 +)9839+9( *7 )73(:7 ,6745* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 1 67. CPC 67 ., *9:&978'7 4,87),L T(6,
+7)*(8, '9787 67)73C( , +7'939(8,) ,8'7 67 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 39;9.7* ., '&'7., 7@73'9;, 78 7.
7B7)3939( > 67@78*, 67 *&* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* .7:E'94( E8 898:K8 3,*( *7 +&767 +)(6&39)
9867@78*9=8 +,), .,* +,)'7* 67. +)(37*( 39;9.< '789786( :,),8'9G,6, 78 .(* 'D)498(* +)7;9*'(*
+() 7*'7 C=69:( ., ,*9*'7839, 67 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 .7 67@9786, > )7+)7*78'7< 67 .9A)7
7.7339=8 ( 67*9:8,6( +() 7. E*',6(
2.J D7)73C( ,. +)(37*( 67A96( > 67)73C( 67 67@78*,. Principi %" #".$#i%$% prc"!$#-
L,* +,)'7* '97878 67)73C( , ?&7 7. +)(37*( 39;9. *7 67*,))(..7 +() .(* ')549'7* +)7;9*'(*
.7:,.478'7< , ?&7 *7 )7*+7'78 '(6,* .,* :,),8'E,* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7* > ()698,)9,* ?&7 .7* ,*9*'78<
78 3(86939(87* 67 9:&,.6,6 > *98 69.,39(87* 9867A96,*< > , ?&7 *7 693'7 &8, )7*(.&39=8 67
@(86( B&*', > 4('9;,6, +() =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 9867+786978'7 7 94+,)39,.. E. +)(37*( 39;9.
*7 67*,))(..,)5 67 ,3&7)6( , ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 3(8 .,* 69*+(*939(87* 67 7*'7 C=69:(. L,*
@()4,.96,67* +)7;9*',* 78 D. *(8 94+7),'9;,*. %A)' 7 CPC/. L(* .9'9:9(* ?&7 3())7*+(86,8 ,
.(* ')9A&8,.7* 39;9.7* *7 *&*',839,)58 *974+)7 +() 7..(* 3(8 ,))7:.( , .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*
;9:78'7*< ?&7 8&83, *7)58 )7')(,3'9;,*. L(* +)(37*(* 39;9.7* ?&7 *7 *9:,8 78 '7))9'()9(
8,39(8,. *7 )9:78 +() 7*'7 C=69:( .,* 8()4,* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*< > +() .(* 98*')&478'(*
98'7)8,39(8,.7*
1
L(* ,)'E3&.(* 1 ,. 114 7*'58 3(478',6(* +() D. A.7F9* A:Q7)( > D. M,)E, 67. S(. M7G,.
11
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
B) Principi! prc"!$#"! c/(n"!. E*'(* +)9839+9(* 3(4&87* :787),.7* '97878 .,
+73&.9,)96,6 67 ?&7 *7 ,3(:78 +() .(* '7F'(* +)(37*,.7* 4,* 4(67)8(*< > ?&7 ,)'93&.,8 .(*
3)9'7)9(* 67 &8, B&*'939, 7@93,G > :,),8'7 67 ., T&'7., 7@73'9;,< @,;()739786( 7. )7,. ,337*( , .,
B&*'939,< 78 .(* 'D)498(* ?&7 *7 +)7693, ',8'( 78 .(* T7F'(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7*< 3(4( 78 .,*
C(8*'9'&39(87* > D(3')98, 67 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7* > 67 :,),8'E,* 67 .(* +,E*7* 4,*
+)=*+7)(* > ,;,8G,6(*.J E*'(* *(8L
1.J Principi %" cn'r$%icci0n * %" $(%i"nci$ %" #$! p$r'"!. %A)'... 4 CPC/
T(6,* .,* +,)'7*< 3(8*967),86( ., 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87*< '97878 67)73C( , *7) (E6,* +() 7.
B&7G ,8'7* 67 3&,.?&97) 6739*9=8 ?&7 ,@73'7 69)73', ( 9869)73',478'7 , ., )7*(.&39=8 67 @(86(
?&7 67A, '(4,)*7< A978 78 ., 98*',839,< A978 78 .(* )73&)*(*< 78 3&,.?&97) +)(37*( ()698,)9( (
7*+739,.< ,*E 3(4( +,), ., ,6(+39=8 67 47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* > 78 ., @,*7 67 7B73&39=8< *,.;(
?&7 ;(.&8',)9,478'7 *7 3(.(?&78 78 *9'&,39=8 67 )7A7.6E, ( ?&7 *7, 3(8'),)9, ., ,&697839, ,
., +)(+9, @98,.96,6 67. ,3'(< .( ?&7 67A7)5 7*',) 7F+)7*,478'7 +)7;9*'(
2.J P)9839+9( 67 9:&,.6,6 67 +,)'7*. E# principi %" i.($#%$% %" $r/$! "n "# prc"!-
L,* +,)'7* *(8 9:&,.7* 78 7. +)(37*(< :(G,86( 67 .,* 49*4,* (A.9:,39(87*< 3,):,* >
(+()'&896,67*< 78 @&839=8 67 ., +(*939=8 +)(37*,. ?&7 (3&+78.
E. B&7G 7*'5 (A.9:,6( , +)7*7);,) ., 9:&,.6,6 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7. +)(37*( > , 7;9',) '(6,
69*3)9498,39=8 3(8'), ( 78')7 7..,* +() ),G(87* 67 *7F(< ),G,< )7.9:9=8< 969(4,< ( 3(86939=8
*(39,.< +(.E'93,< 73(8=493, ( 67 ('), E86(.7
3.J Principi Di!p!i'i,-
E. +)(37*( 39;9. *=.( +&767 98939,)*7 4769,8'7 ,3'( +)(37*,. ;5.96( 67 +,)'7< ?&7 *7,
3(8*73&7839, 67 ., ,&'(8(4E, 67 ., ;(.&8',6 3(8*,:),6, 78 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 78 .,* .7>7* 67
67)73C( +)9;,6(.
S,.;( 78 .(* +)(37*(* 8( 69*+(*9'9;(* 3(8 .,* +,)'93&.,)96,67* ?&7 7*', .7> +)7;D< ., +,)'7 ?&7
C,>, 7B7)396( *& 67)73C( 67 ,339=8 67'7)498, 3(8 *& +)7'78*9=8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(M .,
+,)'7 ?&7 *7 (+(8:, , ., 49*4, @9B, 7. (AB7'( 67. 67A,'7 3(8 *& )7*9*'7839,. L( 49*4( ;,.6)5
78 3,*( 67 )73(8;7839=8.
L, 6739*9=8 67 @(86( 67. B&7G C, 67 *7) 3(8:)&78'7 3(8 .( +7696( +() 7. ,3'() > .( (+&7*'(
+() 7. 674,86,6(< '789786( 78 3&78', .,* +)&7A,* (@)7396,* +() .,* +,)'7*.L,* +,)'7* +&7678
+(87) @98 ,. +)(37*( ,8'7* 67 ?&7 *7 693'7 *78'7839, 78 +)947), 98*',839,< ( 78 *& 3,*( 78
*7:&86, 98*',839, ( 78 3,*,39=8< 78 .(* 'D)498(* @9B,6(* +() 7*'7 C=69:( *9 7. ,3'( 69*+(*9'9;(
7*'5 ,&'()9G,6( +() .,* .7>7*
4.J Principi %" Apr'$ci0n %" p$r'"- H"c&! * pr("1$-
L(* C73C(* 78 ?&7 *7 67A, @&86,) ., )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. 67 @(86( *7 C,8 67 ,.7:,) +() .,*
+,)'7* 78 .(* 4(478'(* @9B,6(* +() 7*'7 C=69:(< .( ?&7 *&+(87 ., ,+.93,39=8 67 6(* 3)9'7)9(*
7*7839,.7* 67 ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,.L
• L,* +)&7A,* ?&7 67A,8 +),3'93,)*7 +,), ., @9B,39=8 67 .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(*
C,A)58 67 *7) 9:&,.478'7 ,+()',6,* +() .,* +,)'7* 78 7. 4(478'( +)(37*,. 69*+&7*'(
+() 7*'7 C=69:( +,), 7..(.
12
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• 2&76, +)(C9A96, ., ,+()',39=8 ,. +)(37*( 67. 3(8(394978'( +)9;,6( 67. B&7G< ?&978
78 898:K8 3,*( +(6)5 98'7);789) 67 (@939( 78 ., @,*7 67 ,.7:,39(87* ( 78 ., @,*7
+)(A,'()9, *,.;( ?&7 7*'7 C=69:( .7 )73(8(G3, 7F+)7*,478'7 ',. @,3&.',6
5.J Principi %" Dir"cci0n J(%ici$#- I8'7);7839=8 69)73', 67. B&G:,6() > :,),8'E, 67
.7:,.96,6.
E. B&7G 7* :,),8'7 67 ., .7:,.96,6< ,+()',6() 67. 67)73C( > +)(4(;76() 67 ., B&*'939,< +() .(
?&7 *7 .7 ('():,8 .,* *9:&978'7* @&839(87*< @,3&.',67*< 67A7)7* > 3,):,*L
$)- L, 69)7339=8 67. +)(37*( 7*'5 , 3,):( 67. J&7G< ?&978 7B7)37 ',. +('7*',6 67 3(8@()496,6
3(8 .( 69*+&7*'( 78 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 78 7*'7 C=69:(.
1)- E. J&7G 3(8')(., 67 (@939( ., 3(83&))7839, 67 '(6(* .(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7*
7*+739@93,6(* +() ., .7>< ,*E 3(4( ?&7 8( 7F9*'7 898:K8 ,3'( 3,&*,8'7 67 8&.96,6< ,8'7* 67
693',) *78'7839,.
C- E. J&7G 7*',)5 @,3&.',6( +,), 98'7);789) 69)73',478'7 78 .(* 3,*(* +)7;9*'(* +() 7*'7
C=69:( 78 ,),* 67 &8, 6739*9=8 45* B&*',< *98 47)4, 67 .(* +)9839+9(* 69*+(*9'9;( > 67
,+()',39=8< ?&7 *(8 +)9;,'9;(* 67 .,* +,)'7*.
%)- S98 +7)B&939( 67 ., ,3'&,39=8 67 .(* 98'7)7*,6(*< 7. J&7G 94+&.*,)5 7. +)(37*( +() *E
49*4(< *9786( )7*+(8*,A.7 67 3&,.?&97) 674(), (3,*9(8,6, +() *& 87:.9:7839,. E*'58
7F37+'&,6(* 67. 94+&.*( 67 (@939( .(* 3,*(* 7F+)7*,478'7 *7-,.,6(* 78 7*'7 C=69:(.
")- E. J&7G 67A7 )7*(.;7) ., 3&7*'9=8 .9'9:9(*, 3(8 ,))7:.( , 67)73C(< ,&8?&7 8( C,>, *96(
98;(3,6( +() .,* +,)'7* ( .( C,>, *96( 7))=87,478'7< +7)( 8( +&767 ,.'7),) 7. +7'9'()9( 89
@&86,) *& 6739*9=8 78 C73C(* 69;7)*(* 67 .(* ?&7 C,8 *96( ,.7:,6(* +() .,* +,)'7*.
C) Principi! prc"!$#"! "!p"c2+ic! prpi! %"# n(", c0%i.. E*'(* +)9839+9(*
)7*+(8678 ,. 67. 4(67.( +)(37*,. 3(83)7'( +() 7. ?&7 (+', 7. .7:9*.,6() C(86&)7-( 78
@&839=8 67 *&* (AB7'9;(* 78 ., )7@()4, +)(37*,. > *(8 .(* *9:&978'7*L
3-4 Principi %" pr"c#(!i0n
L,* +,)'7* +&7678 ,.7:,) .( ?&7 3(8*967)78 3(8;78978'7 , *& 67)73C( ?&7 '78:, )7.,39=8 3(8
7. (AB7'( 67. 49*4(< ,*E 3(4( ,+()',) +)&7A,* *(A)7 7..(< *,.;( ?&7 ., .7> @9B7 'D)498(*
+)73.&*9;(* +,), ., ,.7:,39=8 67 C73C(* ( +,), ., ,+()',39=8 67 +)&7A,*. L, ,3'9;96,6
+)(37*,. 67A7 )7,.9G,)*7 678')( 67 .(* +.,G(* 7*',A.7396(* .7:,.478'7< +)73.&>786( 78 3,*(
3(8'),)9(.
2-4 Principi %" !(1!$n$1i#i%$% %" %"+"c'! prc"!$#"!
E. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 ()678,) ., *&A*,8,39=8 67 .(* 67@73'(* ?&7 3(8'78:,8 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*
,8&.,A.7* 67 .,* +,)'7*< *974+)7 ?&7 78 693C(* ,3'(* *7 C&A97*7 4,89@7*',6( ., ;(.&8',6 67
3&4+.9) .(* )7?&9*9'(* 7F9:96(* +() ., .7>J
3.J Principi %" "cn/2$ prc"!$#-
E. B&7G 67A7 69)9:9) 7. +)(37*( '7869786( , ., )76&339=8 67 '974+(< 3(*'( > 7*@&7)G( 67 .(*
,3'(* +)(37*,.7*< *98 ,@73',) 7. 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* ?&7 '78:,8 ',. 3,.96,6.
S98 74A,):(< ., 73(8(4E, +)(37*,. 78 898:K8 3,*( +&767 *&+(87) 47)4, 78 .,* :,),8'E,* >
67)73C(* ?&7 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > .,* .7>7* )73(8(378 , .,* +,)'7*
13
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4.J Principi %" #"$#'$% * %" 1("n$ +" prc"!$#-
E*'7 +)9839+9( 7*7839,. 78 ., ,673&,6, ,)'93&.,39=8 67 &8 67)73C( +)(37*,. 4(67)8( *7
@&86,478', 78 6(* 3(8*967),39(87* 7*7839,.7*L
• L,* +,)'7*< .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( ?&7 .7* ,*9*',8 > )7+)7*78'78 +)(37*,.478'7
>< 78 :787),.< '(6(* .(* +,)'E39+7* 78 7. +)(37*(< ,673&,)58 *& 3(86&3', , .,
;7),396,6< +)(A96,6< .7,.',6 > A&78, @7 +)(37*,.7*.
• E. B&7G C,)5 &*( 67 *& +(67) +,), +)7;789) ( *,839(8,) 3&,.?&97) ,339=8 & (49*9=8
3(8'),)9,* ,. ()678 ( , .(* +)9839+9(* 67. +)(37*(. R73C,G,)5 3&,.?&97) *(.939'&6<
+7'939=8 ( ,3'( ?&7 94+.9?&7 &8, 69.,39=8 4,89@97*', ( 987@93,G 67. .9'9:9(< ( 3&,86(
3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7* ( ,4A,* *7 *9);,8 67. +)(37*( +,), )7,.9G,) &8 ,3'( *94&.,6(
( +,), +7)*7:&9) &8 @98 3(8'),)9( , ., .7>.
ART5CULO 3-4 DERECHO DE ACCESO A LOS JU6GADOS Y TRIBUNALES-
3- T%$ p"r!n$ 'i"n" %"r"c& $ p"'icin$r $n'" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! #$ '('"#$
"+"c'i,$ %" !(! %"r"c&! " in'"r"!"! #".2'i/!-

8- En nin.9n c$! !" p("%" pr%(cir in%"+"n!i0n p$r$ #$! p$r'"! %"# prc"! $
:(i"n"! !" #"! .$r$n'i7$; "n #! '<r/in! pr",i!'! pr "!'" C0%i.; #$ $!i!'"nci$ %"
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& :(" #" %"+i"n%$ * r"pr"!"n'"; %" !( #i1r" "#"cci0n
%"!i.n$% pr "# E!'$%-
=- S" pr&21" "# "!'$1#"ci/i"n' %" c($#:(i"r 1!'>c(# %" c$r>c'"r !ci$#; p#2'ic;
"cn0/ic; c(#'(r$# %" 'r$ 2n%#"; :(" i/pi%$ %i+ic(#'" "# $cc"! %"
c($#"!:(i"r$ p"r!n$ $ #$ )(!'ici$-
E# Ór.$n J(ri!%iccin$# ,"#$r> pr "# c(/p#i/i"n' %" "!'" Ar'2c(# r"/,i"n%
i/p"%i/"n'! :(" !" p("%$n pr%(cir * p!i1i#i'$n% "# ")"rcici %" #! /i!/!-
Co)etario*
L, C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( "2 7*',A.737 ?&7L HE. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 7*
98;9(.,A.7 > ?&7 .(* C,A9',8'7* 67 ., R7+KA.93, '97878 .9A)7 ,337*( , .(* T)9A&8,.7* +,),
7B7)39',) *&* ,339(87* 78 ., @()4, 78 ?&7 *7-,.,8 .,* .7>7*I. E* +() 7..( ?&7 7. ,)'E3&.(
+)947)( 3(4978G, ,6;9)'9786( ?&7 7. 67)73C( 3())7*+(867 , '(6, +7)*(8, +,), +7'939(8,)
,8'7 .(* T)9A&8,.7* 39;9.7* !a t"te!a e+e#ti$a 78 7. 7B7)3939( > 67@78*, 67 *&* 67)73C(* 7
98'7)7*7* .7:E'94(*.
E8 7*'7 *78'96( *& '9'&.,)96,6 8( '9787 +)53'93,478'7 )7*')9339(87* > *7 3(8@&867 3(8 .,
3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7 78 &8 +)(37*(< 7F'7869D86(*7 , '(6(* .(* ?&7 '78:,8 *9'&,39(87*
B&)E693,* ?&7 67@7867)< 78 3&,8'( '9'&.,)7* 67 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* .7:E'94(*. P() 7..(< 7.
+)9839+9( 67 .9A)7 ,337*( , ., B&*'939,< '9787 3(4( (AB7'9;( 7.7;,) , ., 3,'7:()E, 67 67)73C(
@&86,478',. &8, 7F9:7839, 98C7)78'7 , ., 967, 67 E*',6( 67 67)73C( 67 ?&7 '(6(* .(*
67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* .7:E'94(*< *9'&,39(87* B&)E693,* )7.7;,8'7*< +&7678 *7)< ..7:,6( 7. 3,*(<
67@78696(* ,8'7 &8 :78&98( =):,8( B&6939,.< 67 4,87), ?&7 8( 7F9*',8 *&+&7*'(* 67
6787:,39=8 67 B&*'939,. A*E< 67A7 )73(8(37)*7 , '(6,* .,* +7)*(8,* @E*93,* 3(8 9867+7867839,
67 *& 8,39(8,.96,6M , .,* +7)*(8,* B&)E693,*< 983.&96(* .(* 78'7* *98 +7)*(8,.96,6M , .,*
14
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+7)*(8,* B&)E693,* +KA.93,*< 7* 6739)< , ., +)(+9, A64989*'),39=8 67. E*',6(. A *& ;7G 7.
67)73C( 67 ,337*( , ., B&*'939, '9787 *& @&86,478'( 78 6(* +)9839+9(* 7*7839,.7*L 1/ E.
678(498,6( 67A96( +)(37*( 67 ., .7> ( H6&7 +)(37**I< > 2/ E. +)9839+9( 67 ., 9:&,.6,6 @)78'7
, ., .7> ( H7?&,. ,337*( &867) 'C7 .,RI< 7*'7 K.'94( )7.,39(8,6( 3(8 7. ,)'E3&.( 5 CPC.
E. ,+,)',6( '7)37)( 67. ,)'. 1 ;, 983.&*( 45* .7B(* ,. +)(C9A9) 7. 7*',A.7394978'( 67 3&,.?&97)
(A*'53&.( 67 3,)53'7) *(39,.< +(.E'93(< 73(8=493(< 3&.'&),. ( 67 ('), E86(.7 ?&7 94+96, (
69@93&.'7 7. ,337*( 67 3&,.?&97) +7)*(8, , ., B&*'939,. E8 67@989'9;, *7 '),', 67. )73(8(394978'(
67 ., +)(C9A939=8 67. 3&,.?&97) @()4, 67 69*3)9498,39=8 78 7. ,337*( , ., '&'7., B&6939,.
7@73'9;,< 69*3)9498,39=8 ?&7 *7)E, 3(8'),)9, , .(* '),',6(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7*< ,'78',)E, 3(8'), .,
69:896,6 67. *7) C&4,8(< )73(8(396, 78 7. ,)'. 5$ 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,< > *7)E,
69)73',478'7 3(8'),)9, , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. ,)'. 60 67 ., 49*4,< ?&7 ,@9)4, ?&7 todos !os
,o)(res a#e ig"a!es e dere#,os< o ad)iti-dose #!ases &ri$i!egiadas . siedo !os
,od"re'os ig"a!es ate !a Le.< 673.,),86( ., +&89A9.96,6 67 '(6, 69*3)9498,39=8. D7 9:&,.
@()4, 7. ,)'. 61 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 :,),8'9G, , .(* C(86&)7-(* > 7F'),8B7)(* )7*9678'7* 78 7.
+,E* ., 9:&,.6,6 ,8'7 ., L7> >< 7;9678'7478'7 67A7 78'7867)*7 ',4A9D8 ., 9:&,.6,6 ,8'7 .,
L7> P)(37*,..
E. +5)),@( @98,. 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7F+)7*,478'7 ()678, ,. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. ;7.,) +() 7.
3&4+.94978'( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( )74(;9786( .(* 94+769478'(* ?&7 *7 +&76,8 +)(6&39) >
+(*9A9.9',86( 7. 7B7)3939( 67 .(* 49*4(*. S98 +7)B&939( 67 .( >, 693C( )7*+73'( 67 ., '&'7.,
B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< 67)73C( 67 ,337*( , ., B&*'939,< +)9839+9( H+)( ,3'9(87I > +)(C9A939=8 67
9867@78*9=8< 7* +)739*( ?&7 7. +)(37*( 39;9. *7 67*,))(..7 +() .(* ')549'7* +)7;9*'(*
.7:,.478'7< ?&7 *7 )7*+7'78 '(6,* .,* :,),8'E,* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7* > ()698,)9,* ?&7 .7* ,*9*'78<
78 3(86939(87* 67 9:&,.6,6 > *98 69.,39(87* 9867A96,*< > 67A7 98*9*'9)*7 &8, ;7G 45* 78 .,
8737*,)9, 478',.9G,39=8 67. B&7G > 78 ., (A'7839=8 67 &8, @()4,39=8 ,673&,6, ?&7 .7 +7)49',
67*,))(..,) .,* C,A9.96,67* *&@93978'7* +,),< 3(8 +.78( )7*+73'( 67. +)9839+9( 67 .7:,.96,6 ><
7*+739,.478'7 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 67 .(* T),',6(* I8'7)8,39(8,.7*< *7, 3,+,G 67 3&4+.9) 3(8
7*'7 4,86,'(< +(867),86( .(* 69*'98'(* 98'7)7*7* 78 B&7:( > C,39786( 7. (+()'&8( B&939( 67
),G(8,A9.96,6< +,), 3(8 7..( .(:),) ?&7 *7 693'7 &8, )7*(.&39=8 67 @(86( B&*', > 4('9;,6, +()
=):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 9867+786978'7 7 94+,)39,..
ART5CULO 8-4 CLASES DE PRETENSIONES-
L$! p$r'"! p("%"n in'"rpn"r $n'" #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! pr"'"n!in"! %" cn%"n$
$ %"'"r/in$%$ pr"!'$ci0n; %" %"c#$r$ci0n %" #$ "?i!'"nci$ %" %"r"c&! * %" !i'($cin"!
)(r2%ic$!; %" cn!'i'(ci0n; /%i+ic$ci0n "?'inci0n %" "!'$! 9#'i/$!; $!2 c/ p"%ir #$
")"c(ci0n; #$ $%pci0n %" /"%i%$! c$('"#$r"! * c($#:(i"r 'r$ c#$!" %" '('"#$ :(" "!'<
"?pr"!$/"n'" pr",i!'$ pr #$ #"*-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 20" CPC C(8:)&7839,M A)'E3&.( 402 CPC 67'7)498,39=8 67. ;,.() 78 3,*( 67
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87*M A)'E3&.( 430 CPC A4+.9,39=8 67 ., 674,86,.
Co)etario*
15
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*'7 +)9839+9( 98693, ?&7 ?&978 +)7'786, ., 673.,),39=8 67 &8 67)73C( , *& @,;() ( .,
673.,),39=8 67 37)'7G, 67 &8, *9'&,39=8 B&)E693,< +(6)5 +769).( 4769,8'7 ., 674,86,< ( 78 *&
3,*(< , '),;D* 67 ., 3(8'), 674,86,. S,.;( 78 .(* +)(37*(* 69*+(*9'9;(* 3(8 .,*
+,)'93&.,)96,67* ?&7 7*', .7> +)7;D< ., +,)'7 ?&7 C,>, 7B7)396( *& 67)73C( 67 ,339=8
67'7)498, 3(8 *& +)7'78*9=8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(M ., +,)'7 ?&7 *7 (+(8:, , ., 49*4, @9B, 7.
(AB7'( 67. 67A,'7 3(8 *& )7*9*'7839,- L( 49*4( ;,.6)5 78 3,*( 67 )73(8;7839=8.
E8 3(8*73&7839,< ., +)7'78*9=8 *=.( +&767 *7) 676&396, +() ?&978 (*'78', ., .7:9'94,39=8
,3'9;, > *7 67A7 69)9:9) 3(8'), ?&978 '9787 ., .7:9'94,39=8 +,*9;,< +&7* ., .7:9'94,39=8 7* &8,
)7.,39=8 B&)E693,< '),G,6, +() &8, 8()4, 67 3,)53'7) 4,'7)9,.< ?&7 liga a la parte demandante
y a la demandada 3(8 7. 67)73C(< A978 ( 98'7)D* ?&7 *7 69*3&'7 78 7. +)(37*(. L,* +,)'7* 8(
*(.( *(8 6&7-,* 67 ., ,339=8 ( 67 ., 983(,39=8 67. +)(37*(< *98( ?&7 .( *(8 ',4A9D8 67 .,
+)7'78*9=8 > 67. +)(37*( 49*4(< +&69786( 69*+(87) 67 7. , '),;D* 67 '(6, &8, *7)97 67 ,3'(*
?&7 +&7678 9) 67*67 7. ,..,8,4978'(< )78&839,< '),8*,339=8< 67*9*'94978'(< 3,6&396,6.
C(8*73&78'7478'7< ., 6739*9=8 67 @(86( 67. B&7G C, 67 *7) 3(8:)&78'7 3(8 .( +7696( +() 7.
,3'() > .( (+&7*'( +() 7. 674,86,6(< '789786( 78 3&78', .,* +)&7A,* (@)7396,* +() .,* +,)'7*.
P,), ?&7 ., B&*'939, *7 .(:)7 7* 8737*,)9( ?&7 , ., 6739*9=8 67. J&G:,6() +)7376, &8,
,3'9;96,6 ,673&,6, , ., @()4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* > , 674(*'),) ., )7,.96,6
67 *&* ,@9)4,39(87* , '),;D* 67 ,.7:,39(87*. L, ,673&,6, @9B,39=8 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 +)(37*,.
)7*&.', &8, (A.9:,39=8 7*7839,. 67 ., +,)'7 674,86,8'7 > )73(8;98378'7 3(8@()47 , .(
69*+&7*'( 78 7. A)'. 21" CPC 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 7. A)'. 424 > 42$ CPC.
ART5CULO =-4DEBIDO PROCESO-
L$! p$r'"! 'i"n"n %"r"c& $ :(" "# prc"! !" %"!$rr##" pr #! 'r>/i'"! pr",i!'!
#".$#/"n'"; $ :(" !" r"!p"'"n #! %"r"c&! prc"!$#"! "!'$1#"ci%! "n #$ Cn!'i'(ci0n
%" #$ R"p91#ic$ * "n #$! #"*"! r%in$ri$! "n cn%icin"! %" i.($#%$% * !in %i#$cin"!; * $
:(" !" %ic'" pr 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# c/p"'"n'"; in%"p"n%i"n'" " i/p$rci$#; (n$
r"!#(ci0n %" +n% )(!'$ * /'i,$%$-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 23 CPC P)7*&+&7*'(* ?&7 ,@73',8 ,. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.. A)'. 24 EF'78*9=8 >
.E49'7* 67. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. 39;9.. A)'. 27. J&7G N,'&),.. A)'. 32. EF'78*9=8. A)'. 36.
1&7)(* L7:,.7* E*+739,.7*. A)'. 3". C,)53'7) D9*+(*9'9;( 67 .,* N()4,* *(A)7 C(4+7'7839,
T7))9'()9,.. A)'. 3$. S&49*9=8 EF+)7*,. A)'. 40. S&49*9=8 T539',. A)'. 43. R7+,)'( 67 C,*(*.
A)'. 54. R73&*,39=8. A)'. 57. P)(37694978'(. A)'. 116 D7)73C( 67 R739A9) > 67 OA'787)
I8@()4,39=8. A)'. 17$. C,4A9(* 78 7. P7)*(8,. J&G:,6() 67*+&D* 67. S7-,.,4978'( 67
A&697839,* > +(*9A.7 R73&*,39=8. A)'. 233. T),6&3'() ( I8'D)+)7'7. A)'. 407 C(4+7'7839, 67.
CPC.
Co)etario*
B,B( 7*', 4,89@7*',39=8 :787),.< 7. +)9839+9( 67 .7:,.96,6 +)(37*,. *7 ,)'93&.,< ',8'( 78 *&
69478*9=8 67 *(47'94978'( , .,* 8()4,* @&86,478',.7* 67. 7*',6( > 3(8 *&B739=8 , ., .7>< >
16
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,*E *7 7*',A.737 ?&7 7. +)(37*( *7 67*,))(..7 67 ,3&7)6( , ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 3(8 .,*
69*+(*939(87* 67 7*'7 C=69:(< 4,89@7*',86( ,. 49*4( '974+( ?&7 .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*
3(8'7896,* 78 7. C=69:( *(8 (A.9:,'()9,* +,), 7. J&7G< .,* +,)'7* > '7)37)(* ?&7 78 7. +)(37*(
98'7);78:,8< *,.;( 7F37+39(87* ?&7 ., .7> ,&'()937< 7. B&7G 67A7 ,673&,) *& 7F9:7839, ,. .(:)(
67 .(* @987* 67. +)(37*( )7*+7',86( .,* :,),8'E,* +)7;9*',* .7:,.478'7< 3(8 ., *,.;76,6 ?&7
3&,86( 8( *7 *7-,.7 &8, @()4,.96,6 7*+739@93, +,), ., 7B73&39=8 67 &8, ,3'( +)(37*,.< D*'7 *7
)7,.9G,)5 67 ,3&7)6( 3(8 ., @()4, ?&7 94+.9?&7 &8, 47B() > 45* )5+96, 3(8*73&39=8 67 .(*
@987* +)7'78696( +() ., .7>.
L(* .9'9:9(* ?&7 3())7*+(86,8 , .(* T)9A&8,.7* C9;9.7* *7 *&*',839,),8 *974+)7 +() 7..(* 3(8
,))7:.( , .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7* ;9:78'7*< ?&7 8&83, *7)58 )7')(,3'9;,*< 3(8*73&78'7478'7<
'(6(* .(* +)(37*(* 39;9.7* ?&7 *7 *9:&78 78 7. '7))9'()9( 8,39(8,. *7 )9:78 +() 7*'7 C=69:(< .,*
8()4,* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7* > +() .(* 98*')&478'(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7*. E. +)737+'( ',4A9D8 *7
)7@97)7 ,. 67)73C( , ?&7 *7 ,+.9?&78 .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7* 78 3(86939(87* 67 9:&,.6,6 > *98
69.,39(87*< > , (A'787) &8, )7*(.&39=8 67 @(86( B&*', > 4('9;,6,< .( ?&7 78 )7,.96,6 8( 7*
4,* ?&7 3(8*73&7839, 69)73', 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, )7:&.,6, 78 7. ,)'. 1
CPC.
L, (A.9:,39=8 67 693',) &8, *78'7839, 67 @(86(< 8( *9:89@93, ?&7 *7 .7 67A, 67 3(83767)
(A.9:,'()9,478'7 ., '&'7., 98'7)7*,6, +() 7. 98*',8'7< *98( ?&7 3&,86( 3(4( 78 ,.:&8(* 3,*(*
(3&))7< 8( *7 3&4+.78 '(6(* .(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7*< *974+)7 ?&7 *7 ),G(87 78 D7)73C(<
*7 67*7*'94,)5 ., +)7'78*9=8 98'7)7*,6,. P() ',8'( *7 +&767 ,@9)4,) ?&7 ., '&'7., B&6939,.
7@73'9;, *7 3&4+.7 3&,86( *7 (A'9787 &8, )7*(.&39=8 67 @(86( @&86,6, 78 D7)73C(< *,.;( ?&7
7F9*', &8, 3,&*, 94+769'9;, +)7;9*', 78 ., .7>< 78 3&>( 3,*( ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, *7
3&4+.7 3&,86( *7 @&86, 78 D7)73C(.
E. +)737+'( (A.9:, , ?&7 ?&978 693'7 7*, )7*(.&39=8 B&*', > 4('9;,6, *7, &8 =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. 3(4+7'78'7< 9867+786978'7 7 94+,)39,.< 7. 67)73C( , ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67. B&7G
94+.93, ?&7 7*'7< ,6745* 67 7*',) .7:,.478'7 +)767'7)498,6,< 67A7 4,8'787) &8, ,3'9'&6 67
69*',839,4978'( > 87&'),.96,6 3(8 )7*+73'( ,. (AB7'( 67. .9'9:9( > , .(* .9'9:,8'7*. C(4( 6937
&8 ,8'9:&( +)(;7)A9( 98:.D*L no basta !e se "aga #!sticia, sino !e es necesario !e se vea,
!e se "ace #!sticia.
1)78'7 , .,* +,)'7* 7. J&7G 7* &8 '7)37)( 3&>, 94+,)39,.96,6 67)9;, 67 8( '787) 898:&8,
94+.93,39=8 +7)*(8,. 3(8 7. 3,*( , )7*(.;7). P,), :,),8'9G,) ., 94+,)39,.96,6 B&6939,. %67 .(*
J&737* > 67 '(6(* .(* ?&7 98'7:),8 .(* 7?&9+(* C&4,8(* 67 .(* J&G:,6(* > T)9A&8,.7*/ .,*
.7>7* +)(37*,.7* 7*',A.7378 3,&*,* > 473,89*4(* +)(37*,.7* 67 ,A*'7839=8 > 67 )73&*,39=8< ,
@98 67 ?&7 7. J&7G ?&7 *7 3(8*967)7 ,@73',6( +() ,.:&8, 39)3&8*',839, ?&7 ,@73'7 , *&
94+,)39,.96,6 67A, ,A*'787)*7 67 98'7);789) ( +&76, *7) *(.939',6( *& ,+,)',4978'( 67.
+)(37*( +() ., +,)'7 98'7)7*,6,
2
ART5CULO @-4 CONTRADICCIÓN-
T%$! #$! p$r'"!; cn!i%"r$n% #$ %($#i%$% %" p!icin"!; 'i"n"n %"r"c& $ !"r 2%$! pr
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in%ir"c'$/"n'" $ #$ r"!#(ci0n :(" pn.$ +in $# prc"! :(" %"1$ %ic'$r!"; 1i"n "n #$
in!'$nci$; 1i"n "n #! r"c(r!!; "n c($#:(i"r prc"! r%in$ri "!p"ci$#; $!2 c/ p$r$
2
COUTURE< 7F+)7*(L H2&7 7. 6E, ?&7 .(* B&737* 67 &8 +,E* '97878 4976( .(* 39&6,6,8(* 8( +&7678 6()49) tranquilos”
17
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
#$ $%pci0n %" /"%i%$! c$('"#$r"! * "n #$ +$!" %" ")"c(ci0n; !$#, :(" ,#(n'$ri$/"n'"
!" c#:("n "n !i'($ci0n %" r"1"#%2$; :(" !"$ cn'r$ri$ #$ $(%i"nci$ $ #$ prpi$
+in$#i%$% %"# $c'; # :(" %"1"r> "!'$r "?pr"!$/"n'" pr",i!'-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 46.S&*',839,39=8 > D739*9=8. A)'. 57.P)(37694978'(. A)'. 77.I8'7);7839=8
V(.&8',)9,. A)'. 7". I8'7);7839=8 P)(;(3,6,. A)'. 7$. I8'7);7839=8 67. P)(@7*9(8,. 67.
D7)73C(. A)'. "$. C(A)( 67 H(8(),)9(*. A)'. 105. S&*',839,39=8. A)'. 113.E@73'(* 67 ., 8(
A37+',39=8 67 ., A3&4&.,39=8. A)'. 136. N('9@93,39=8 67 R7*(.&39(87*. A)'. 224.
P)(37694978'(. A)'. 225. I4+&:8,39=8 67 ., T,*,39=8 67 C(*',*. A)'. 226.T),49',39=8. A)'.
230 1,3&.',67* P)(A,'()9,* 67. T)9A&8,.. A)'. 242 P)53'93, 67 ., P)&7A,. A)'. 255. OAB739=8
67 P)7:&8',*. A)'. 257 I8'7))(:,'()9( 3)&G,6(. A)'. 264. I8'7))(:,'()9( 78 7. D93',478
P7)939,.. A)'. 345. EB73&39=8. A)'. 36". RD:9478 G787),. 67 ., I8'7);7839=8 ( A64989*'),39=8
J&6939,.. A)'. 3"3. P)(37694978'(. A)'. 3$0. O+(*939=8 67. D74,86,6(. A)'. 404.
I4+&:8,39=8 67 ., C.,*7 67 P)(37*( > 67 ., C&,8'E,. A)'. 410. O+(*939=8. A)'.
421.S&*',839,39=8 67 .,* C&7*'9(87* I839678',.7*. A)'. 431 I8')(6&339=8 67 H73C(* N&7;(* (
67 N&7;, N('939,. 432 > 473 '(6(* 67. CPC
Co)etario*
L, (),.96,6 *7 +)7*78', 3(4( 7. 47B() @,39.9',6() 67 7*'7 +)9839+9( A5*93( 78 7. *9*'74,
+)(37*,. 39;9.< 3&,. 7* L ., 3(8'),69339=8 67)9;,6, 67 ., 6&,.96,6 67 +,)'7* 78 7. +)(37*(<
7*+739,.478'7 78 ., )737+39=8 67 ., +)&7A,< >, ?&7 ,. )739A9)*7 78 @()4, 69)73',< *98
98'7)4769,)9(* > 67 4,87), 3(8'98&, > 3(8378'),6, ., +)&7A,< 7F9:9D86(*7 ., +)7*78'7839, 67
'(6(* .(* *&B7'(* 67. +)(37*(< +,), ?&7 7..(* '78:,8 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 98'7);789) 78 7*,
)737+39=8 C,39786( +)7:&8',* > (A*7);,39(87*< *(.939',86( ,3.,),39(87* > ;9:9.,86( ., @()4,
78 ?&7 *7 98')(6&37 ,. +)(37*( > ,+)739,86( ., 4,87), 78 ?&7 .,* 6745* +,)'7* ',4A9D8
)7,.9G,8 7*, 49*4, .,A().
D7 9:&,. @()4, ., :,),8'E, 67 9:&,.6,6 +)(37*,. *7 7B7)37)5 , '),;D* 67. 3(8'),693'()9(< .,*
:7*'9(87* ( +)&7A,* ,+()',6,* 984769,',478'7 +&7678 *7) 3(8'),693C,*< 3(4A,'96,* +() .,
+,)'7 3(8'),)9, 78 B&939(< ,*949*4( 7 983.&*( 3&,86( ., 7*')&3'&), 67. +)(37*( *7, 3(837A96(
78 @()4, 69*'98', +,), :,),8'9G,) ., 7B73&39=8 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* ( .,*
)7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7* 67 @(86(. P,), ?&7 +&76, 3(8*'9'&9)*7 &8 ;7)6,67)( +)(37*( 78
8737*,)9, ., 7F9*'7839, 67 6(* +,)'7* ?&7 *7 *9'K,8 78 +(*939(87* 3(8'),+&7*',*L ,3'() (
674,86,8'7 > 674,86,6(< 78 7. ()678 39;9.M ,3&*,6() > ,3&*,6( 78 7. ()678 +78,.. E*',
6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87* +7)49'7 ?&7 3&,.?&97), 67 7..,* 7*'D 98'7:),6, +() ;,)9,* +7)*(8,*<
6,86( .&:,) , &8 *&+&7*'( 67 +.&),.96,6 67 +,)'7*. L( ?&7 8( +7)49'7 7* ?&7 &8, ( ;,)9,*
+7)*(8,* (3&+78 &8, +(*939=8 69*'98', ( &8, H'7)37),I +(*939=8. N( 7* +(*9A.7 98'7);789) 78
3,.96,6 69*'98', , ., 67 674,86,8'7 > 674,86,6(< 89 .( 7* ',4+(3( 67*,))(..,) &8 +)(37*(
3(8 &8, K893, +,)'7.
L, 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87*< *9 *7 98'78', 3(8*')&9) &8 ,&'D8'93( +)(37*(< :787), 7. +)9839+9( 67
,&697839,. E*'7 +)9839+9( *7 @()4&., ( *7 78&839, 78 .(* *9:&978'7* 'D)498(*L 8,697 +&767 *7)
3(8678,6( *98 *7) (E6(
3
. E8 7. +)(37*( 39;9. 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,&697839, *7 )7*+7', *9 *7 (@)737 ,
3
A)'E3&.( $4 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, 7*',A.737L A 8,697 *7 94+(86)5 +78, ,.:&8, *98 C,A7) *96( (E6( > ;78396( 78
B&939(< > *98 ?&7 .7 C,>, *96( 94+&7*', +() )7*(.&39=8 7B73&'()9,6, 67 B&7G ( ,&'()96,6 3(4+7'78'7.
1"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
.,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7* ., +(*9A9.96,6 )7,. 67 *7) (E6,*< 3(8 9867+7867839, 67 ?&7 C,:,8 &*( ( 8(
67 7*', +(*9A9.96,6< *9786( 8737*,)9( +,), ',. @98 .( *9:&978'7. E8 +)947) .&:,)< &8, 3())73',
)7:&.,39=8 .7:,. 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* > 74+.,G,4978'(*< *7:&96, 67 &8, +)53'93, ?&7 +(8:, 7.
45F94( 3&96,6( 78 ?&7 ., 8('939, 67. +)(37*( ( 67 ., 674,86, ..7:, , 3(8(394978'( 67 .,
+,)'7 674,86,6,. E8 *7:&86( .&:,)< 67A78 67 +)7;7)*7< ',4A9D8< 4769(* 67 94+&:8,39=8
?&7 +7)49',8 673.,),) ., 8&.96,6 67 .( ,3'&,6( ,8'7 ., @,.', 67 8('9@93,39=8< 7*+739,.478'7
3&,86( ., ('), +,)'7 C, 94+7696(< &*,86( 67 4,., @7< ?&7 7. 674,86,6( '&;97),
3(8(394978'( 67 ., 7F9*'7839, 67. +)(37*(. P() K.'94(< 67A7 69*'98:&9)*7 78')7
983(4+,)737839, > )7A7.6E,< 7* 6739)< 78')7 7. 674,86,6( ?&7 '789786( 3(8(394978'( 67.
+)(37*( 8( 3(4+,)737 ;(.&8',)9,478'7 , ,?&7. (')( ?&7 67*3(8(39= ., +7867839, 67. 49*4(<
+() .( 478(* , .(* 7@73'(* 67. ..,4,6( )73&)*( 67 ,&697839,. D7 ,3&7)6( 3(8 $%&!e& Sotelo
+(674(* 6739) ?&7L
3-4 T(6( +)(37*( )7?&97)7 3(4( 4E894( 6(* +,)'7* ( 6(* +(*939(87* +,)39,.7*< &8, ., 67.
,3'() > ('), ., 67. 674,86,6(. E*', 7F9:7839, >, ., 7F+)7*= '(lgaro 78 *& ,.&696, 67@98939=8
67. B&939( 3(4( act!s ad min!s tri!mpersonar!m. T(6( B&939( )7?&97)7 3(4( 4E894( ')7*
+7)*(8,*L 7. ,3'() %actore intendentes), 7. 674,86,6( *re!s intentionem evitando) > 7. B&7G
%i!dice in medio cognoscendi).
8-4 L, 6&,.96,6 67 +,)'7* *9:89@93, ?&7 8( 7* ,649*9A.7 ., @9:&), 67. H,&'( +)(37*(I< ?&7 *7)E,
&8, '),8*+(*939=8 ,. 3,4+( 67. +)(37*( 67 ., @9:&), 67. ,&'( 3(8'),'( 67. D7)73C( C9;9.. U8
B&939( 3(8'), *E 49*4( ( 3(8*9:( 49*4( 3,)737 67 *78'96(. N( (A*',8'7 , ;737* *7 67@97867
., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 ,.:&978 .9'9:&7 @)78'7 , *E 49*4( +() (*'78',) 6(* 3&,.96,67* 69*'98',*<
3,6, &8, 67 .,* 3&,.7* C,)E, ;,.7) 78 &8, +(*939=8 67 +,)'7. S7 98'7)+)7', 78'(837* 7.
+)9839+9( 67 6&,.96,6 67 +,)'7* 3(4( 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87*.
=-4 L, 6&,.96,6 67 +,)'7* 8( 7F9:7 ?&7 78 3,6, &8, 7F9*', &8, *(., +7)*(8, %&8 674,86,8'7 >
&8 674,86,6(/. P() 7. 3(8'),)9(< *7 ,649'7 ?&7 78 3,6, +(*939=8 67 +,)'7 +&76,8 3(83&))9)
4K.'9+.7* +7)*(8,* %4K.'9+.7* 674,86,8'7* ( 4K.'9+.7* 674,86,6(* > ,4A,* 3(*,* , ., ;7G/.
S7 +)(6&378 78'(837* .,* *9'&,39(87* .9'9*3(8*()39,.7* ?&7 7. CPC )7:&., 78 7. 3,+E'&.(
)7@7)78'7 , ,. +.&),.96,6 67 +,)'7*.
@-4 L, 987F9*'7839, 67 +,)'7* 3(8'),+&7*',* 7* &8, 67 .,* 8(',* ?&7 47B() 67@9878 , .,
678(498,6, J&)9*69339=8 V(.&8',)9,< 78 3&>(* +)(37694978'(* *7 ,3'K, Inter volentes.
E. +)9839+9( 67 3(8'),69339=8 ,.&67 , ?&7 7. +)(37*( '9787 &8, 3(8*')&339=8 69,.D3'93, > 78 7.
67A,'7 B&6939,. .,* 6(* +,)'7* 67A78 *7) (E6,*. L, 7F+)7*9=8 H,&697839,I< 67 ',8'( ,)),9:( 78
7. 67)73C( H(86&)7-(< C,37 )7@7)7839, 69)73', , 7*, 8737*96,6 67 (E) ( 7*3&3C,) , .,* 6(*
+,)'7* 78 3(8@.93'(< )7*&.',86( 7F+)7*9=8 45* :)5@93, > 7F+)7*9;, ?&7 ., 67 3(8'),69339=8 67
+,)'7*. E. ,@()9*4( .,'98( a!diat!r est altera pars ( 7. 693C( 3(8 4,* 3.,)96,6I 8,697 +&767
*7) 3(8678,6( *98 *7) (E6( > ;78396( 78 B&939(I %?&7 78 )7,.96,6 7F9:7 *=.( C,A7) '7896( .,
H+(*9A9.96,6I 67 *7) (E6(< *7 &'9.937 ( 8(/ 3(8678*, 7*'7 +)9839+9( ( 7F9:7839, B&)E693(J8,'&),.
?&7 C(> '9787 ,+(>( 3(8*'9'&39(8,. 78 7. ,)'. $4 CR. P() .( ,8'7)9() 3&,86( 78 7. +)(37*( *7
+)(6&G3, 9867@78*9=8< .( +)(37678'7 7* ., 8&.96,6 67. +)(37694978'(< )7+(89D86(.( ,.
1$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4(478'( +)(37*,. )7*+73'9;(< +,), ?&7 7. 49*4( *7, *7:&96( 67 ,3&7)6( , .( ()678,6( 78 7.
+)7*78'7 CPC< (A*7);586(*7 7. )7*+7'( , .,* :,),8'E,* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*. C&,86( *7 C,A., 67
., 3(8'),69339=8 *7 7*'5 C,39786( )7@7)7839, 45* A978 , &8 4(6( 67 ():,89G,) 7. +)(37*( 78
7. 3&,. *7 )7*+7'7 7. 67)73C( @&86,478',. , ., 6&,.96,6 67 +,)'7*M > 7..( 3(8 A,*7 78 6(*
,):&478'(* 7*7839,.7*L
3A) P,)'7 67 3(8*967),) ?&7 ., 3(8'),69339=8 78')7 .,* +,)'7* 7* &8 7@93,G 98*')&478'( 'D3893(.
C(4( 673E, Calamandrei ., 3(8'),69339=8 7* 'D3893,478'7 7. 69*+(*9'9;( +*93(.=:93( 45*
,+)(+9,6( +,), :,),8'9G,) ., ,+.93,39=8 7F,3', 67 ., .7> > ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67. B&7G< > 7..( 8(
*=.( +,), ., 47B() 67@78*, 67 .,* +,)'7* *98( ',4A9D8 +,), 7. 98'7)D* +KA.93( 67 ., B&*'939,.
8A) A'97867 , ?&7 7. 98*')&478'( 'D3893( *7 3(8;97)'7 78 3(8*'9'&39(8,. 67*67 7. ?&7 +&767
673.,),)*7 ., 983(8*'9'&39(8,.96,6 67 ., .7> ?&7 )7:&.7 7. +)(37*( *98 )7*+7',) 7. +)9839+9(<
4978'),* ?&7 7. 67)73C( @&86,478',. 67 ,&697839, *7 3(83)7', 45* 78 .(* +)(37*(*
67'7)498,6(* > '9787 ., :,),8'E, 67. )73&)*( 67 ,4+,)(.
E8 *78'96( 7*')93'( 67A7)E, 6739)*7 ?&7 &8, .7> )7:&., 7. +)(37*( 3(8@()47 ( 8( ,. +)9839+9(
67 3(8'),69339=8< > ?&7 78 &8 +)(37*( 67'7)498,6( *7 C, )7*+7',6( ( 8( 7. 67)73C( 67
,&697839, ( 67@78*, 67 .,* +,)'7*< 3(8 .( ?&7 *7 7*',)E,8 67*',3,86( 47B() .,* 6(* @,37',* (
+7)*+73'9;,* 67. +)9839+9(.J E. 3(8'),693'()9( *7 7F'97867 , .,* ,):&478',39(87* 67 .,* +,)'7*<
78 ., 47696, 78 ?&7 67A7 :,),8'9G,)*7 ?&7 +&76,8 7*3&3C,) 67 ;9;, ;(G .(* ,):&478'(* 67 .,
3(8'),)9,< +,), ,+(>,).(* ( )7A,'9).(*< (A*7);,86( 67*67 7. 98939( ., 4,87), 3(4( .( +.,8'7,8
,. T)9A&8,..
ART5CULO B-4 IGUALDAD-
L$! p$r'"! !n i.($#"! "n "# prc"!; '"ni"n% #! /i!/! %"r"c&!; 1#i.$cin"!;
c$r.$! * pr'(ni%$%"!; "n +(nci0n %" #$ p!ici0n prc"!$# :(" c(p"n- E# 0r.$n
)(ri!%iccin$# "!'> 1#i.$% $ pr"!"r,$r #$ i.($#%$% %" #$! p$r'"! "n "# prc"! * $ ",i'$r
'%$ %i!cri/in$ci0n cn'r$ "n'r" "##$! pr r$7n"! %" !"?; r$7$; r"#i.i0n; i%i/$;
cn%ici0n !ci$#; p#2'ic$; "cn0/ic$ %" 'r$ 2n%#"-
Cncr%$nci$!:
A)'E3&.(* 60 CR.M A)'. 7$ CPC.JI8'7);7839=8 67 P)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. D7)73C(. A)'. 10".CPCJ
S&*',839,39=8. A)'. 110 CPC.J T),49',39=8 ,8'7 7. J&7G R7?&7)96( 67 A3&4&.,39=8. A)'. 12"
CPC.JI69(4,. A)'. 264 CPC.JI8'7))(:,'()9( 78 7. 6(4939.9( 67 ., +,)'7. A)'. 2"" CPC.J
D(3&478'(* 78 (')( 969(4,. A)'. 305 CPC D73.,),39=8 D(4939.9,)9, 67. T7*'9:(. A)'. 3""
CPC EF7839=8 67 ., +)7*',39=8 67 C,&39=8
Co)etario*
E. ,)'E3&.( 60 C.R. ,@9)4, ?&7L HTodos !os ,o)(res a#e ig"a!es e dere#,os. E8
H(86&),* 8( C,> #!ases &ri$i!egiadas. Todos !os ,od"re'os so ig"a!es ate !a Le./.
S7:K8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( ., 9:&,.6,6 94+.93, ?&7 .,* +,)'7* 67. +)(37*( 69*+(8:,8 67 .(* 49*4(*
20
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67)73C(*< (+()'&896,67* > 3,):,* 78 ()678 , 67@7867) *&* )7*+73'9;,* +(*'&),*. L, 7F9*'7839,
49*4, 67 6(* +,)'7* > *& 67)73C( , *7) (E6,* +7)67)E,8< 78 A&78, 47696,< *& *78'96( *9 8(
:(G,*78 67 96D8'93,* +(*9A9.96,67* +)(37*,.7* +,), *(*'787) > @&86,478',) .( ?&7 3,6, &8,
7*'947 3(8;789).7. A&8?&7 7. 67)73C( 67 9:&,.6,6 78 ., ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,. 8( *7,
98*')&478',. ,. 67)73C( 67 67@78*,< ., 98@),339=8 67. +)947)( :787),)5 ',4A9D8 ., 67.
*7:&86(< +)(6&39786( 9867@78*9=8 , ., +,)'7 3(.(3,6, 78 *9'&,39=8 67 67*9:&,.6,6 >
69@93&.',86( ?&7 (A'78:, &8, '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,
E8 7. 54A9'( +)(37*,. 39;9. C,..,4(* 8&47)(*,* 4,89@7*',39(87* 67 7*'7 +)9839+9(< 78')7 .,*
?&7 +(674(* 67*',3,)< ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 67 )7,.9G,) ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* @&7), 67. '974+(
.7:,.478'7 67'7)498,6(< ., +)(C9A939=8 67 4(69@93,) 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*( 3(8 +(*'7)9()96,6
,. 7*3)9'( 67 3(8'7*',39=8 67. 674,86,6(< 7. +,),.7.9*4( )7*+73'( 67 .,* ,3'9;96,67*
+)(A,'()9,* 67 ,4A,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*< ., +)7;9*9=8 67 94+769) ,. 674,86,6( 7. 7*3)9'( 67
*K+.93, *9 7. ,3'() )78&839, ,. 67 )D+.93,< >< @98,.478'7< .,* 8&47)(*,* 8()4,* ?&7 )7:&.,8<
+() 3,6, ,3'( 67 ,.7:,39=8 67 C73C(* > 7F+(*939=8 67 ,):&478'(* B&)E693(* 67 &8, +,)'7
+)(37*,.< &8 ,3'() +,),.7.( 67 ., +,)'7 +)(37*,. (+&7*',
P7)( ,K8 78 7. *&+&7*'( 67 ?&7 8( 7F9*'97*7 &8, 673.,),39=8 7F+)7*, 78 8&7*'), C(8*'9'&39=8
)7@7)78'7 , ., 9:&,.6,6< C,A)E, ?&7 3(83.&9) ?&7 .,* +,)'7* 67A78 67 '787) .(* 49*4(*
67)73C(*< 3,):,*< @,3&.',67* ( +(*9A9.96,67*M 78 7@73'(< ., *78'7839,< 3(4( ,3'( ?&7 +(87 @98
,. +)(37*(< 3(4( ,3'( 7*7839,. 78 ., @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,.< 8( +(6)E, 6739)*7 ?&7 7* &8 ,3'(
),G(8,6( ?&7 78B&939, &8 3(8@.93'( E8'7) *&AB7'9;(< 98'78',86( (@)737) ., 7@93,39,< 37)'7G, >
*7:&)96,6 B&)E693,*< *9 78 7. +)(37*( ?&7 ,8'73767 .=:93,478'7 , 7.., .,* +,)'7* 8( C,8 '7896(
.,* 49*4,* (+()'&896,67* 67 67@7867) *&* 98'7)7*7*< *&* 67)73C(*< 78 67@989'9;, *& +(*939=8
B&)E693,M *9 C&A97), &8, +,)'7 3(8 +)76(4989( *(A)7 ., ('), 7* 3.,)( ?&7 7. J&7G 8( '786)E, 78
*&* 4,8(* &8 473,89*4( 67 '&'7., 94+,)39,. > *& *78'7839, 7*',)E, 4&> 3(86939(8,6, +() 7.
+)76(4989( 67 7*, +,)'7. P() ',8'(< ., 3(8'),69339=8 > ., 9:&,.6,6 ;97878 94+&7*',* +() .,
+)(+9, 7*7839, 67 ., B&)9*69339=8.
ART5CULO C-4 BUENA FE; CONDUCTA Y EJERCICIO DE LA V5A PROCESAL
ADECUADA-
3- L$! p$r'"!; #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! $!i!'$n * r"pr"!"n'"n prc"!$#/"n'"
*; "n ."n"r$#; '%! #! p$r'2cip"! "n "# prc"! $%"c($r>n !( cn%(c'$ $ #$
,"r$ci%$%; pr1i%$%; #"$#'$% * 1("n$ +" prc"!$#"!-
8- E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# &$r> (! %" !( p%"r p$r$ pr","nir !$ncin$r c($#:(i"r
$cci0n ( /i!i0n cn'r$ri$! $# r%"n $ #! principi! %"# prc"!- C($#:(i"r
!#ici'(%; p"'ici0n $c' :(" i/p#i:(" (n$ %i#$ci0n /$ni+i"!'$ i/p"r'in"n'" %"#
#i'i.i; c($n% c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! $/1$! !" !ir,$n %"# prc"! p$r$ r"$#i7$r
(n $c' !i/(#$% p$r$ p"r!".(ir (n +in cn'r$ri $ #$ #"*-
=- E# $1(! %" #! %"r"c&! %" $cci0n * %"+"n!$; !" !$ncin$r>; $%"/>! %" #$ cn%"n$
"n c!'$!; cn "# r"!$rci/i"n' %" #! %$D! * p"r)(ici! :(" &(1i"r$ c$(!$% "#
in+r$c'r-
21
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 172 CPC *(.939'&6 67 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'( 67 ,&697839,M A)'E3&.( 471 CPC
(AB739(87* , ., 3(86&3', 67 .,* +,)'7*
Co)etario*
P(674(* ,@9)4,) ?&7 7. 8&47),. &8( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< '9787 3(4( (AB7'9;( C,37) ?&7 7. 3&)*(
67. +)(37*( '),8*3&)), 678')( 67 &8(* 45):787* ,673&,6(* > ),G(8,A.7478'7 7F9:9A.7*< ,
+7*,) 67 ?&7 .,* +(*939(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* *7,8 3(8'),+&7*',*< 67 9:&,. @()4, 7*'7 +)9839+9(
;983&., ,. B&7G > ;983&., , .,* +,)'7* > *7 4,89@97*', 78 ?&7 7*',* C,8 67 ,3'&,) 67 4(6(
+(*9'9;(< 3(8 A&78, @7< +)(A96,6< ;7),396,6 *98 7B7)39',) ,A&*9;,478'7 *& 67)73C(< 7. @),&67
67 .7> ( 3(8 @98,.96,6 69.,'()9,.
E. 8&47),. 6(*< 98693, ?&7 7. J&7G +(6)5< 678')( 67 *&* 67A7)7*< )73C,G,) 9839678'7* >
7F37+39(87* +)(+&7*'(* 3(8 @98,.96,6 69.,'()9, ( ?&7 78'),-78 ,A&*( 67 67)73C(< +7)(
*974+)7 67A7)5 4('9;,) 7. +()?&7 .( C,37 > 7F+(87) ., H),'9( 673967869I ( ),G=8 67 )7*(.;7)
3(4( 7F9:7 7. A)'. 207 CPC< +,), 7;9',) ?&7 ., B&*'9@93,39=8 'D3893, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 78
., 478'7 67. B&7G > 8( +&76, *7) 3(8(396, +)( .,* +,)'7* > @9*3,.9G,6, +)( 7. T)9A&8,. 67
A+7.,39=8.
E. 67)73C(J67A7) 67. B&7G 67 )73C,G,) *(.939'&67*< +7'939(87* ( ,3'(* ?&7 94+.9?&78 &8,
69.,39=8 4,89@97*', ( 94+7)'9878'7 67. .9'9:9(< *7 *9);,8 67. +)(37*( +,), )7,.9G,) &8 ,3'(
*94&.,6( ( +7)*7:&9) &8 @98 3(8'),)9( , ., .7>< 8( 67A78 *&+(87) 8&83, ,)A9'),)976,6 67. B&7G<
+&7* *7 3())7 7. )97*:( 67 )73C,G,) 67 +.,8( +)7'78*9(87*< *98 B&*'9@93,) 7. 4('9;(< 6787:,86(
B&*'939, > ,'78',86( 3(8'), 7. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,. C(8 ., 94+.7478',39=8 67
7*'7 8&7;( +)(37694978'( *7 )73.,4, 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* &8, 3(86&3', ,673&,6, , 7*7 @98
%.E39'(*/ > +() ',8'( ,')9A&>7 ,. B&G:,6() 4,>()7* @,3&.',67* +,), 94+(87) , .,* +,)'7* &8,
,673&,6, ,3'&,39=8 78 7. +)(37*( > 7. ,673&,6( &*( 67 ,. A&78, @7 +)(37*,., *,839(8,86( .,
3(86&3', 3(8'),)9, , .,* )7:.,*. H,> ?&7 ,@9)4,) 3(4( )7:., :787),. ?&7 *974+)7 7. B&7G *7
983.98,)5 +() +7)49'9) 7. ,337*( 67. 39&6,6,8( , ., B&*'939,< 6,86( .&:,) , ., '),49',39=8 67.
+)(37694978'( .( ?&7 +(*9A9.9',)5 , 78'),) , 3(8(37) 67. @(86( 67 ., 3&7*'9=8 +.,8'7,6,. S(.(
*9 7F9*'78 6,'(* *&@93978'7* ?&7 .7 +7)49'78 3(83.&9)< *98 898:&8, 6&6,< ?&7 *7 7*'5 ,'78',86(
3(8'), ., .7,.',6 > A&78, @7< > *974+)7 4('9;586(.(< ,6(+',)5 ., 47696, 67 )73C,G,) 67 +.,8(
., +)7'78*9=8 +)(37*,..
D7A74(* '787) +)7*78'7 ?&7 ., B&*'939, ,+,)737 )73(8(396, 78 7. ,)'. 1 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8
P(.E'93, 67 H(86&),* 3(4( &8( 67 .(* @987* ?&7 67A7 ,.3,8G,) 7. E*',6(< 3(8;9)'9D86(*7 78
&8 ,&'D8'93( ;,.() > ?&7 .(* B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(* *(8 *(.( ,64989*'),6()7* 67 ., 49*4,<
+&7*'( ?&7 74,8,8 67. +&7A.(< *7:K8 +)7;D 7. ,)'. 303 CR. D7 7*', @()4, .(* +)9839+9(* 67
67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< 67@78*, > .7,.',6 +)(37*,. > A&78, @7< 8( *(.( 8( *7
3(8'),+(878 *98( ?&7 +() 7. 3(8'),)9( *7 98'7))7.,39(8,8 > 3(8B&:,8 ,)4=893,478'7. L,
98'7)+)7',39=8 3(8B&8', 67 7*'(* +)9839+9(*< 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., @98,.96,6 67. +)(37*( 94+.93,
., 8737*96,6 67 ?&7 .(* B&737* > ')9A&8,.7* '&'7.78 , 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* *&+7),86( .,*
+)53'93,* 67*.7,.7* > 69.,'()9,* 78 .(* B&939(* > '),49'7*< ?&76,86( @,3&.',6(* +.78,478'7
+,), 3()',) > )73C,G,) 67 +.,8( '(6, ,3'&,39=8 67*.7,. > 3(8'),)9, , ., A&78, @7. L(* =):,8(*
67 ., ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939, 8( *=.( H+&7678I *98( ?&7 H67A78I )73C,G,) 7*,* 4,89(A),*
?&7 +)7'786,8 7. @),&67 67 .7> > &8 &*( ,A&*9;( > ,8'9*(39,. 67. 67)73C(. A. .7*9(8,)*7 .,
),G=8 67 *7) 67. +)(37*( ,. +)7'7867) &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* C,37) &*( 67. 49*4( 78 @()4,
22
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(8'),)9, ( 69*'98', , ., @98,.96,6 ?&7 .7 7* +)(+9, 7. B&7G< +,), '&'7.,) > :,),8'9G,) 7. 67)73C(
,. +)(37*( B&*'( ?&7 '9787 ., ('), +,)'7< 67A7 783,&G,) 8&7;,478'7 7. +)(37694978'( , *&
3&)*( 8,'&),. +,), ?&7 3&4+., ., @98,.96,6 *(39,. +,), ., 3&,. @&7 98*'9'&96(.
ART5CULO E-4 LEGALIDAD PROCESAL Y FORMAS-
3- E# prc"! ci,i# !" %"!$rr##$r> !".9n #$! %i!p!icin"! %" "!'" C0%i.; %" $c("r%
$ #$ Cn!'i'(ci0n %" #$ R"p(1#ic$- L$! +r/$#i%$%"! pr",i!'$! "n <#; !n
i/p"r$'i,$!-
8- L$! nr/$! cn'"ni%$! "n "!'" C0%i. !n 1#i.$'ri$! p$r$ "# 0r.$n
)(ri!%iccin$#; #$! p$r'"! * '"rc"r! :(" in'"r,"n.$n "n "# prc"!; !$#, :(" #$ #"*
+r"7c$ "?c"pcin$#/"n'" 'r$ p!i1i#i%$% %" $c'($ci0n- E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#
$%"c($r> #$ "?i."nci$ %" #$! nr/$! $# #.r %" #! +in"! %"# prc"! r"!p"'$n% #$!
.$r$n'2$! #".$#/"n'" pr",i!'$!-
=- C($n% n !" !"D$#" (n$ +r/$#i%$% "!p"c2+ic$ p$r$ #$ ")"c(ci0n %" (n $c'
prc"!$#; <!'" !" r"$#i7$r> %" $c("r% cn #$ +r/$ :(" i/p#i:(" #$ /")r * />!
r>pi%$ cn!"c(ci0n %" #! +in"! pr"'"n%i%! pr #$ #"*-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 33 CPC J EF'78*9=8. A)'.115 CPC.J A3'&,39(87* J&6939,.7*. A)'. 122 CPCJ 1,.',
G),;7. A)'. 12$ CPC.J 1()4, 67 .(* A3'(* P)(37*,.7*. A)'. 130 CPC.J A3'(* P)(37*,.7*
E*3)9'(*. A)'. 1$3 CPC.J C.,*7*. A)'. 1$7 CPCJ C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* R7*(.&39(87*. A)'.
1$" CPC.J C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* P)(;967839,*. A)'. 1$$ CPC.J C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .(*
A&'(*. A)'. 200 CPC C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* S78'7839,*. A)'. 201 CPC.J P.,G( +,), 693',)
.,* R7*(.&39(87* J&6939,.7*. A)'. 211 CPC.JC.,*7*. A)'. 252 CPCJ O)678 67 +)53'93, 67 .(*
M769(* 67 P)&7A,. A)'. 270 CPC.J C.,*7* 67 D(3&478'(*. A)'. 271 CPC.J D(3&478'(*
PKA.93(* 7F+7696(* +() A&'()96,67*. A)'. 273 CPC.J 1&7)G, P)(A,'()9, 67 .(* D(3&478'(*
PKA.93(*. A)'. 2"7 CPC.J M(478'( 67 P)7*78',39=8 67 .(* D(3&478'(*. A)'. 2$0 CPC.J
1()4, 67 P)7*78',39=8 67 D(3&478'(* PKA.93(* EF'),8B7)(*. A)'. 2$2 CPC.J M769(*
TD3893(* 67 A)3C9;( > R7+)(6&339=8. A)'. 351 CPC.J P)7*&+&7*'(*. A)'. 3$$ CPC.J S4A9'(
67. P)(37*( O)698,)9(. A)'. 400 CPC.J S4A9'( 67. P)(37*( AA)7;9,6(. A)'. 401 CPC.J
D7'7)498,39=8 67. V,.() 67 ., P)7'78*9=8. A)'. 402 CPC.J D7'7)498,39=8 67. V,.() 78 3,*(
67 A3&4&.,39=8 67 P)7'78*9(87*. A)'. 403 CPC.J C,)53'7) I4+7),'9;( 67 .,* N()4,* *(A)7
P)(37694978'( A673&,6(. A)'. 424 CPCJ P)(3767839, > R7?&9*9'(*. A)'. 447 CPC.J
C(8'7896( 67 ., A&697839, P)7.9498,).
Co)etario*
E. +)9839+9( 67 .7:,.96,6 +)(37*,. *7 ,)'93&.,< ',8'( 78 *& 69478*9=8 67 *(47'94978'( , .,*
8()4,* @&86,478',.7* 67. 7*',6( > 3(8 *&B739=8 , ., .7>< > ,*E *7 7*',A.737 78 7. ,)'93&.( ?&7
3(478',4(* ?&7 H7. +)(37*( 39;9. *7 67*,))(..,)5 67 ,3&7)6( , ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > 3(8 .,*
23
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
69*+(*939(87* 67 7*'7 C=69:(I< 3(4( 78 *& 4,89@7*',39=8 67 ?&7 .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*
3(8'7896,* 78 7. C=69:( *(8 (A.9:,'()9,* +,), 7. B&7G< .,* +,)'7* > '7)37)(* ?&7 98'7);78:,8
78 7. +)(37*(< *,.;( ?&7 ., .7> 7F37+39(8,.478'7 ,&'()937 .( 3(8'),)9( (@)739786( ('),
+(*9A9.96,6 67 ,3'&,39=8. E..( *&+(87 ?&7 7. B&7G ,673&,)5 *& 7F9:7839, ,. .(:)( 67 .(* @987*
67. +)(37*( )7*+7',86( .,* :,),8'E,* .7:,.478'7 +)7;9*',*< 3(8 ., *,.;76,6 67 ?&7 3&,86( 8(
*7 *7-,.7 &8, @()4,.96,6 7*+73E@93, +,), ., 7B73&39=8 67 &8 ,3'( +)(37*,.< D*'7 *7 )7,.9G,)5 67
,3&7)6( 3(8 ., @()4, ?&7 94+.9?&7 &8, 47B() > 45* )5+96, 3(8*73&39=8 67 .(* @987*
+)7'78696(* +() ., .7>. L,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*< 3(4( +7)'7873978'7* ,. D7)73C( PKA.93(< *(8
9))78&839,A.7*< +() .( ',8'( 7F9*'7 &8, 94+(*9A9.96,6 B&)E693, 67 ?&7 ',8'( 7. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. 3(4( .,* +,)'7* > '7)37)(* ?&7 98'7);78:,8 78 7. +)(37*( +&76,8 *&*'9'&9).,*
+() ('),* ( +() ,3'(* B&)E693(* ;(.&8',)9(* )7:96(* +() 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,&'(8(4E, 67 .,
;(.&8',6< 8,'&),.478'7 *,.;( ?&7 ., +)(+9, .7> 3(8376,< 7F37+39(8,.478'7 7*', +(*9A9.96,6
67 ,3'&,39=8.
E*'7 +)737+'( (A.9:, , ,3'&,) +)(37*,.478'7 )7*+7',86( .,* H@()4,.96,67*I ?&7 *(8
94+7),'9;,< +() .( ?&7 +)(3767 )73()6,) ,. )7*+73'( .( >, 98693,6( ,. ,8,.9G,) 7. 67)73C( , .,
'&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< >, ?&7 7. ,)'. 7 CPC *&7.7 +&7678 98'7)+)7',)*7 ,673&,6,478'7 *9 .(
+(874(* 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 7. ,)'. 1 CPC > 3(8 .(* A)'. 1< 15< 16< 5$ > "2 67 ., CR. P() 7..(< 78
+)9839+9(< 67A7 7*',)*7 ,. '78() .9'7),. 67 .,* 8()4,* 3(8'7896,* 78 7. CPC< +7)( *974+)7
98'7)+)7',6,* , ., .&G 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,< >< *98 (.;96,) ?&7 7. B&7G< 3(4(
7F+)7*,478'7 +)7;D 7. ,+,)',6( 2 67. ,)'. ?&7 3(478',4(* ,673&,)5 ., 7F9:7839, 67 .,*
8()4,* ,. .(:)( 67 .(* @987* 67. +)(37*( )7*+7',86( .,* :,),8'E,* .7:,.478'7 +)7;9*',*.
ART5CULO F-4 ECONOM5A PROCESAL-
E# )("7 %"1"r> %iri.ir "# prc"! %" +r/$ :(" cn%(7c$ $ #$ r"%(cci0n %" 'i"/p; c!'
* "!+("r7 %" #! $c'! prc"!$#"!; !in $+"c'$r "# c$r>c'"r i/p"r$'i, %" #$! $c'($cin"!G
!in "/1$r.; #$ "cn/2$ prc"!$# "n nin.9n c$! p("%" !(pn"r %i!/in(ci0n %" #$!
.$r$n'2$! * %"r"c&! :(" #$ Cn!'i'(ci0n %" #$ R"p91#ic$ * #$! #"*"! r"cnc"n $ #$!
p$r'"!.
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 33 CPCJ EF'78*9=8. A)'.115 CPC.J A3'&,39(87* J&6939,.7*. A)'. 122 CPC.J 1,.',
G),;7. A)'. 12$ CPC.J 1()4, 67 .(* A3'(* P)(37*,.7*. A)'. 130 CPC.J A3'(* P)(37*,.7*
E*3)9'(*. A)'. 1$3 CPC.J C.,*7*. A)'. 1$7 CPC.J C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* R7*(.&39(87*. A)'.
1$" CPC.J C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* P)(;967839,*. A)'. 1$$ CPC.J C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .(*
A&'(*. A)'. 200 CPC C(8'7896( 1()4,. 67 .,* S78'7839,*. A)'. 201 CPC.J P.,G( +,), 693',)
.,* R7*(.&39(87* J&6939,.7*. A)'. 211 CPC.JC.,*7*. A)'. 252 CPC.J O)678 67 +)53'93, 67 .(*
M769(* 67 P)&7A,. A)'. 270 CPC.J C.,*7* 67 D(3&478'(*. A)'. 271 CPC.J D(3&478'(*
PKA.93(* 7F+7696(* +() A&'()96,67*. A)'. 273 CPC.J 1&7)G, P)(A,'()9, 67 .(* D(3&478'(*
PKA.93(*. A)'. 2"7 CPC.J M(478'( 67 P)7*78',39=8 67 .(* D(3&478'(*. A)'. 2$0 CPC.J
1()4, 67 P)7*78',39=8 67 D(3&478'(* PKA.93(* EF'),8B7)(*. A)'. 2$2 CPC.J M769(*
TD3893(* 67 A)3C9;( > R7+)(6&339=8. A)'. 351 CPC.J P)7*&+&7*'(*. A)'. 3$$ CPC.J S4A9'(
67. P)(37*( O)698,)9(. A)'. 400 CPC.J S4A9'( 67. P)(37*( AA)7;9,6(. A)'. 401 CPC.J
D7'7)498,39=8 67. V,.() 67 ., P)7'78*9=8. A)'. 402 CPC.J D7'7)498,39=8 67. V,.() 78 3,*(
24
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67 A3&4&.,39=8 67 P)7'78*9(87*. A)'. 403 CPC.J C,)53'7) I4+7),'9;( 67 .,* N()4,* *(A)7
P)(37694978'( A673&,6(. A)'. 424 CPC.J P)(3767839, > R7?&9*9'(*. A)'. 447 CPC.J
C(8'7896( 67 ., A&697839, P)7.9498,).
Co)etario*
C(4( +&8'( 67 +,)'96, 67A74(* 6739) ?&7 7*'7 +)9839+9( 78 898:K8 4(478'( *9:89@93, .,
*&+)7*9=8 ( 47)4, 67 &8 +)(37*(< *98 (.;96,) .,* :,),8'E,* ?&7 7. 49*4( +)(37*( 7F9:7. S7
'),',< 78 67@989'9;,< 67 783(8'),) .( 45* )5+96,478'7 +(*9A.7 &8, *(.&39=8 , .(* 3(8@.93'(*
*&*39',6(* 78 7. +)(37*(< 7;9',86( 69.,39(87* 9867A96,*< 94+969786( ., +)(.(8:,39=8 67
+.,G(* > 7.9498,86( ')549'7* 988737*,)9(* *974+)7 ?&7 8( *7 ()9:9878 *9'&,39(87* 67
9867@78*9=8< +&7* 7. '974+( *9:89@93, 8,'&),.478'7< &8, 674(), 78 (A'787) 7.
+)(8&839,4978'( B&6939,.< ?&7 7* 7. @98 +7)*7:&96(< +&7* *9:89@93, &8 .,+*( 78 ?&7 .,* +,)'7*
67A78 )7,.9G,) &8 7*@&7)G( 983.&*9;7 73(8=493(< ,*E 3(4( 7. E*',6(< +() .( ?&7 7. +)9839+9(
67 73(8(4E, '9787 , 7;9',) 7*, +D)696, 67 '974+(< 67 7*@&7)G(*< 67 :,*'(*. E. ,)'E3&.( ?&7
3(478',4(* *7 69)9:7 7F+)7*,478'7 , .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 94+(89D86(.7*< +() .( ?&7
7. J&7G '9787 7. 67A7) 67 69)9:9) 7. +)(37*(< C,39786( &*( 67 .,* @,3&.',67* ?&7 .7* 3(8@97)7 7.
,)'. 12 CPC < 67 @()4, ?&7 *7 )76&G3, 7. '974+(< 3(*'( > 7*@&7)G( 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*<
+7)(< ,37)',6,478'7< ,-,67 ?&7 8( 67A7 ?&76,) ,@73',6( 7. 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( 67 .,*
,3'&,39(87* , ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 7. ,)'. 7 >, 3(478',6(< > *98 ?&7 78 898:K8 3,*( 69*498&>, .,*
:,),8'E,* > 67)73C(* ?&7 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > .,* L7>7* )73(8(378 , .,* +,)'7*.
J&8'( 3(8 ., (),.96,6< ., ('), :),8 8(;76,6 984769,',478'7 +7)37+'9A.7 67. 8&7;( C=69:(
P)(37*,. C9;9. 67 H(86&),*< 7* ., *94+.9@93,39=8 67 .(* +)(37694978'(* > ., AK*?&76, 67 .,
7@93,39, > ., 37.7)96,6 78 7. 67*,))(..( 67. +)(37*(< .( ?&7 *7 4,89@97*', 78 .,* *9:&978'7*
,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7*L ., *&A*,8,39=8 67 98*&@9397839,* 67 )7:&.,39=8 > &8, 8&7;,
()678,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(* 673.,),'9;(*< 67 .(* )73&)*(*< 67 ., 7B73&39=8 @()G(*, > 67 .,*
47696,* 3,&'7.,)7*< ?&7 A&*3, *7) 3.,),< *7839.., > 3(4+.7', 78 @&839=8 67 ., )7,.96,6 67.
.9'9:9(< > 67 .(* 67)73C(*< @,3&.',67*< 67A7)7* > 3,):,* ?&7 3())7*+(8678 , .(* ')9A&8,.7*< ,
.(* B&*'939,A.7* > , ?&9787* C,8 67 3(.,A(),) 3(8 ., A64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,. A*949*4(< *7
C, +)7'78696( )76,3',) 78 &8 .78:&,B7 'D3893( +7)( ?&7 8( (.;967 ., 8737*96,6 67 &8, @539.
3(4+)78*9=8 +,), 3&,.?&97) 39&6,6,8(< ,8'7 7. 3,4A9( ',8 :),867 ?&7 94+.93,. A*949*4(< *7
)7.,39(8,8 3(8 7*'7 +)9839+9( 7. +)9839+9( 67 3(8378'),39=8 > +)73.&*9=8. E8 ,),* 67 .,
),G(8,A.7 &89@93,39=8 > *94+.9@93,39=8 67. +)(37694978'(< 7. CPC 98')(6&37 8&7;,* @9:&),*<
3(4( *7) 7.L P)(37*( M(89'()9(< ., T&'7., S&4,)9,.
ART5CULO H-4 OPORTUNIDAD-
E# prc"! ci,i# r".(#$% "n "!'" C0%i.; !0# p("%" inici$r!" /"%i$n'" $c' prc"!$#
,>#i% %" p$r'"; :(" !"$ cn!"c("nci$ %" #$ $('n/2$ %" #$ ,#(n'$%-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 424 P)(3767839, > R7?&9*9'(*M A)'E3&.( 426 I8,649*9=8 67 ., 674,86,M A)'E3&.( 434
C(8'7896( 67 ., 3(8'7*',39=8 67 ., 674,86,M A)'E3&.( 435 R73(8;7839=8 '(6(* 67. CPC.
25
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
S7 78'97867 ?&7 7. +)9839+9( 67 (+()'&896,6 98@()4, &8 ()678,4978'( +)(37*,. 3&,86( 7.
'9'&.,) 67 ., ,339=8 7*'5 ,&'()9G,6( *9 *7 3&4+.78 .(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)7;9*'(* +() ., 8()4, ,
C,37) &*( 67 *& 7B7)3939( 983(,86( 7. +)(37694978'( ( +)(;(3,86( ., '7)498,39=8 67. 49*4(.
D9*+(87 +() ',8'( 67. 98939( > 67*,))(..( 67. +)(37*(< *98 ?&7 7F9*', 78 +)9839+9( .949',39=8
,.:&8, 67*67 7. +&8'( 67 ;9*', *&AB7'9;(< 89 67*67 7. (AB7'9;(. S7 )7@97)7 , '(6(* .(* *&B7'(*
?&7 +&7678 7B7)39',) ., ,339=8 39;9.< +KA.93(* ( +)9;,6(*< > ,. 9'7) +)(3769478',. 3(4+.7'(< 7*
6739) 67*67 *& 98939( C,*', ., 7B73&39=8.
E*'7 +)737+'( +,)'7 67 &8 +)9839+9( A5*93( 67. ()678,4978'( 39;9.L ., ,&'(8(4E, 67 .,
;(.&8',6 7*'( 67'7)498, ., 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7 78 7. +)(37*( 78 .(* 'D)498(* +)7;9*'(*
78 7. ,)'. 5$ CPC< 3(83769786( ,. B&7G 8( (A*',8'7< ., @,3&.',6 67 ,+)739,) 67 (@939( ., @,.',
67 3,+,396,6. E. ,)'. 61 )7:&., 3(8 67',..7 ?&9787* +&7678 *7) +,)'7 78 &8 +)(37*( 39;9. > 7.
,)'. 62 7*',A.737 ?&7 *(.( +(6)58 3(4+,)737) 78 B&939( .(* ?&7 7*'D8 78 7. +.78( 7B7)3939( 67
*&* 67)73C(* 39;9.7* )7:&.586(*7 , 3(8'98&,39=8 .(* 3,*(* +,)'93&.,)7* 78 .(* ?&7 7* 8737*,)9(
*&+.9) ( 98'7:),) ., 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.. *$%&!e& Sotelo)
ART5CULO 3I-4 PRINCIPIO DISPOSITIVO-
3- S$#, "n #! prc"!! n %i!p!i'i,! cn #$! p$r'ic(#$ri%$%"! :(" "!'$ #"* pr",<; #$
p$r'" :(" &$*$ ")"rci% !( %"r"c& %" $cci0n; %"'"r/in$ cn !( pr"'"n!i0n "#
1)"' %"# prc"!G #$ p$r'" :(" !" pn.$ $ #$ /i!/$ +i)$ cn !( r"!i!'"nci$ "#
1)"' %"# %"1$'"- L /i!/ "! $p#ic$1#" "n c$! %" r"cn,"nci0n-
8- L$ r"!#(ci0n %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :(" pn.$ +in $# prc"! &$ %" !"r
cn.r("n'" cn #$ p"'ici0n %"# $c'r * cn # p("!' pr "# %"/$n%$%; '"ni"n%
"n c("n'$ #$! nr/$! $p#ic$1#"! * #$! pr("1$! ",$c($%$!-
=- L$! p$r'"! p("%"n pn"r +in $# prc"! $n'"! %" :(" !" %ic'" !"n'"nci$; "n
c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! in!'$nci$!; "n c$!$ci0n; "n #! '<r/in! +i)$%! pr "!'" C0%i.;
!i "# $c' %i!p!i'i, "!'> $('ri7$% pr #$! #"*"!-
Co)etario*
E*'7 +)9839+9( 7* 7. ?&7 ,*9:8, , .,* +,)'7*< > 8( ,. B&7G< ., 98939,'9;, 67. +)(37*(< 7. 7B7)3939(
> 7. +(67) 67 )78&839,) , .(* ,3'(* 67. +)(37*(< +() .( ?&7 7. +)(37*( 39;9. *(.( +&767
98939,)*7 4769,8'7 ,3'( +)(37*,. ;,.96( 67 +,)'7 ?&7 *7, 3(8*73&7839, 67 ., ,&'(8(4E, 67 .,
;(.&8',6 3(8*,:),6, 78 ., 3(8*'9'&39=8 > 78 .,* .7>7* 67 67)73C( +)9;,6(< 3(8 693C( +)9839+9(
.,* +,)'7* +&7678 98939,).( .9A)7478'7 > '97878 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 7*'7 > 67 *&* 69;7)*(* ,3'(*.
E* 78'(837* ,. 39&6,6,8( ?&7 *(.939', 693C, '&'7., , ?&978 *7 ,')9A&>7 ., 3,):, 67 +769).,<
+)739*,).,< ,.7:,) > +)(A,) .(* C73C(* > ,):&478',) 78 67)73C(< +() .( ?&7< 7F37+'( 78
67'7)498,6(* 3,*(*< *7 .7 94+(87 7*',) ,*9*'96( 67 ,A(:,6(.
R7.,39(8,6( 3(8 7. ,+,)',6( 1P/ 67 7*'7 +)9839+9(< +() &8 .,6(< 67A7 67 *9:89@93,)*7 .,
6739*9=8 67 @(86( 67. B&7G C, 67 *7) 3(8:)&78'7 3(8 .( +7696( +() 7. ,3'() > .( (+&7*'( +() 7.
674,86,6(< '789786( 78 3&78', .,* +)&7A,* (@)7396,* +() .,* +,)'7* >< +() (')(< ?&7 .,* +,)'7*
+&7678 +(87) @98 ,. +)(37*( ,8'7* 67 ?&7 *7 693'7 *78'7839, 78 +)947), 98*',839,< ( 78 *& 3,*(
26
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
78 *7:&86, 98*',839, ( 78 3,*,39=8< 78 .(* 'D)498(* @9B,6(* +() 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. *9 7. ,3'(
69*+(*9'9;( 7*'5 ,&'()9G,6( +() .,* .7>7*.
ART5CULO 33-4 APORTACIÓN DE PARTE-
3- L! &"c&! "n :(" !" %"1$ +(n%$r #$ r"!#(ci0n )(%ici$# %" +n% !" &$n %" $#".$r
pr #$! p$r'"! "n #! //"n'! +i)$%! pr "!'" C0%i.-
8- L$! pr("1$! :(" %"1$n pr$c'ic$r!" p$r$ #$ $cr"%i'$ci0n %" #! &"c&!
cn'r,"r'i%! &$1r>n %" !"r i.($#/"n'" $pr'$%$! pr #$! p$r'"! "n "# //"n'
prc"!$# %i!p("!' pr "!'" C0%i.-
=- J("%$ pr&i1i%$ #$ $pr'$ci0n $# prc"! %"# cnci/i"n' pri,$% %"# )("7; :(i"n
"n nin.9n c$! p%r> in'"r,"nir %" +ici "n #$ +$!" %" $#".$cin"! "n #$ +$!"
pr1$'ri$; !$#, :(" "!'" C0%i. #" r"cn7c$ "?pr"!$/"n'" '$# +$c(#'$%-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 22$ CPC I8939,'9;, +)(A,'()9,
Co)etario*
E. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7 C,37 )7@7)7839, , ?&7 ., .7> ,*9:8, , .,* +,)'7* 7. +(67) 67
)7&89) > '),7) ,. +)(37*( 7. 4,'7)9,. 67 C73C(< .949',86( ., @&839=8 67. J&7G , )739A9).( +,),
;,.(),).( 67*+&D*< 78 4(6( ',. ?&7 7. J&7G 8( +&767 @&86,) *& 6739*9=8 78 (')(* C73C(*
69*'98'(* 89 +)7*39869) 67 .( ?&7 .,* +,)'7* *(47',8 , *& B&939(. I:&,.478'7 *7 )7@97)7 , ?&7 7.
J&7G 67A7 67 B&G:,) *7:K8 .( +)(A,6( +() .,* +,)'7*. E. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7 *7
)73(:7< +&7*< 78 7. ;97B( A)(3,)6(L H9&67F *73&86&4 ,..9:,', 7' +)(A,', +,)'9&4 9&693,)7
67A7'I. E. )7@7)96( +)9839+9(< *&+(87 ?&7 7. 6(4989( *(A)7 7. 4,'7)9,. +)(37*,. ?&7
3(8*'9'&9)5 @&86,478'( 67 C73C( 67 ., *78'7839, 3())7*+(867 , .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*< 78
3(8*73&7839, )73,7 *(A)7 7..,* ',8'( ., ',)7, 67 98')(6&39) .(* C73C(* 78 7. +)(37*(< 3(4( .,
67 +)(A,).(* E8 ., .,A() 67 98')(6&339=8 67 .(* C73C(* 7*7839,.7* 67 +)(37*(< 7* 8737*,)9(
69*'98:&9) 78')7L .(* 7.7478'(* +0#ti#os ese#ia!es itegradores de !a #a"sa de &edir >
,?&7..(* (')(* ?&7 +"da)eta o )oti$a !a &eti#i1 &ero 2"e o tiee este #ar0#ter de
ese#ia!idad.
L, ,.7:,39=8 67 .(* +)947)(* 3())7*+(867 , .,* +,)'7* 78 ;9)'&6 67. +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( >,
?&7 7*'(* C73C(* 3(8*'9'&>78 B&8'( ,. H+7'9'&4I 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 4978',* ?&7 .,
,.7:,39=8 67 .(* *7:&86(*< 4('9;,6()7* 67 ., 7*'94,39=8 67 ., 674,86, (< 78 *& 3,*(< 67 .,
67*7*'94,39=8< *9 8(* *9'&,4(* 78 ., +7)*+73'9;, 67. 674,86,6(< ,K8 3())7*+(869786(
',4A9D8 , .,* +,)'7*< 783&78'), *& @&86,478'( 78 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8< +() ',8'( 78
@&839=8 67 &8( & (')( 3)9'7)9( *(8 .(* .9'9:,8'7* .(* ?&7 ,*&478 ., ',)7, 67 98')(6&39) .(*
C73C(* 78 7. +)(37*(< 67'7)498,86( ,*E 7. '74, 67 ., +)&7A,. D7. 49*4( 4(6( ., ,3'9;96,6
+)(A,'()9, 983&4A7 ',4A9D8 , .,* +,)'7*< 78 3&,8'( '97878 ., 98939,'9;, +,), *(.939',) 7.
)739A94978'( 67. +.79'( , +)&7A, > +,), +)(+(87) .(* 4769(* 3(83)7'(* ?&7 3(8*967)78
+7)'9878'7*. E8 &8 +)(37*( 98@()4,6( +.78,478'7 +() 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8< 7. B&7G 8(
27
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+&767 '787) 78 3&78', C73C(* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* 8( C,>,8 ,.7:,6(< 89 98')(6&39) H7F (@@939(I
4769(* +)(A,'()9(* ?&7 8( C,>,8 +)(+&7*'(< +() 7..( ?&7 ?&76, +)(C9A96, ., ,+()',39=8 ,.
+)(37*( 67. 3(8(394978'( +)9;,6( 67. B&7G< ?&7 78 898:K8 3,*( +(6)5 98'7);789) 67 (@939( 78
., @,*7 67 ,.7:,39(87* ( 78 ., @,*7 +)(A,'()9, *,.;( ?&7 7*'7 C=69:( .7 )73(8(G3,
7F+)7*,478'7 ',. @,3&.',6. E*'( ?&97)7 6739) ?&7 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7 78 .( ?&7
*7 )7@97)7 , ., ,.7:,39=8 %,..9:,',/< '9787 3.,),478'7 *& @&86,478'( 78 8()4,*
3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*. L, 8737*96,6 67 ?&7 7. =):,8( B&6939,. *7, 94+,)39,. > 7. *(47'94978'( 67.
J&7G *=.( > 7F3.&*9;,478'7 , ., .7> 94+(878 ?&7 7. =):,8( B&6939,. 8( '78:, +(67) ,.:&8(
+,), +(67) ,+()',) ,. +)(37*( 4,'7)9,. @53'93(.
ART5CULO 38-4 FACULTADES PROCESALES-
3- L$ %ir"cci0n %"# prc"! "!'> $ c$r. %"# )("7; :(i"n ")"rc" '$# p'"!'$% %"
cn+r/i%$% cn # %i!p("!' "n #$ Cn!'i'(ci0n %" #$ R"p91#ic$ * "n "!'" C0%i.-
8- E# )("7 cn'r#$ %" +ici #$ cnc(rr"nci$ %" '%! #! pr"!(p("!'! prc"!$#"!
"!p"ci+ic$%! pr #$ #"*; $!2 c/ #$ in"?i!'"nci$ %" /'i,! %" n(#i%$%; $n'"! %"
%ic'$r !"n'"nci$-
=- E# )("7 "!'$r> +$c(#'$% p$r$ in'"r,"nir %ir"c'$/"n'" "n #! c$!! pr",i!'! pr
"!'" C0%i. "n $r$! %" (n$ %"ci!i0n )(!'$; !in /"n!c$1 %" #! principi!
%i!p!i'i, * %" $pr'$ci0n; :(" !n pri,$'i,! %" #$! p$r'"!-
@- Sin p"r)(ici %" #$ $c'($ci0n %" #! in'"r"!$%!; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# i/p(#!$r>
%" +ici "# prc"!; !i"n% r"!pn!$1#" %" c($#:(i"r %"/r$ c$!in$%$ pr !(
n".#i."nci$- S#$/"n'" "!'>n "?c"p'($%! %"# i/p(#! %" +ici #! c$!!
"?pr"!$/"n'" !"D$#$%! "n "!'" C0%i.-
B- E# )("7 %"1" r"!#,"r #$ c("!'i0n #i'i.i!$ cn $rr".# $ %"r"c&; $(n:(" n &$*$
!i% in,c$% pr #$! p$r'"! # &$*$ !i% "rr0n"$/"n'"; p"r n p("%" $#'"r$r "#
p"'i'ri ni +(n%$r !( %"ci!i0n "n &"c&! %i,"r!! %" #! :(" &$n !i% $#".$%! pr
#$! p$r'"!-
Co)etario*
E8 :787),. 7. 94+&.*( +)(37*,. C,37 )7@7)7839, , *9 7. +)(37694978'( 67A7 ,;,8G,) 67 &8
')549'7 , (')( +() 98939,'9;, > , +7'939=8 7F+)7*, 67 .,* +,)'7* ( *9 ',. ,;,837 67A7 *7)
3(47'96( 67. (@939( B&)9*69339(8,.. S9 7*'( 7* ,*E 7* +() ?&7 ., L7> 3(83767 ,. J&7G ,&'()96,6
+,), ()678,) ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* 678')( 67. ()678 .=:93( ?&7 '(6(
+)(37694978'( 94+(87. E8 7..( 8( 7F9*'7 ,)A9'),)976,6 89 69*3)739(8,.96,6< +&7* 7. B&7G 7*'5
*(47'96( ,. +)9839+9( 67 .7:,.96,6. C(8 7. +)9839+9( 67 94+&.*( 67 (@939( *7 +)7'7867 8( 67B,)
'(',.478'7 78 4,8(* 67 .,* +,)'7* ., 3(8'98&,39=8 67. +)(37*( 98939,. > )7*+(867 , .,*
+,)'93&.,)7* 3,),3'7)E*'93,* 67 .(* 67)73C(* *&*',8'9;(* ?&7 *7 +)('7:78 > , ., 8737*96,6 67
:,),8'9G,) 7. 7?&9.9A)9( )7,. 78')7 .,* +,)'7*. L(* B&737* +() '(6(* .(* 4769(* 7;9',),8 .,
2"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+,),.9G,39=8 7 94+&.*,),8 7. ')549'7 3(8 ., 4,>() 37.7)96,6 +(*9A.7.
ART5CULO 3=-4 VALORACIÓN DE LA PRUEBA-
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&(/$n * r$7n$/i"n' #0.ic; !$#, :(" "!'" C0%i. ( 'r$ #"* "!'$1#"7c$ (n$
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8- L$ ,$#r$ci0n #".$# %" #$ pr("1$ !0# "! $%/i!i1#" "n "# in'"rr.$'ri %" #$! p$r'"!
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cn%()"rn $ #$ $pr"ci$ci0n * ,$#r$ci0n %" #$! pr("1$! p$r$ +(n%$r !(
cn,"nci/i"n'; "?i!'$ n nr/$ :(" #" 1#i.("; :("%$n% pr&i1i%$ #$
$r1i'r$ri"%$%-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 245 CPC ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, > 47$ CPC ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A,.
Co)etario*
E. 67*'98,',)9( 67 .,* +)&7A,* 7* 7. J&7G. L, +)&7A, +)(37*,. 45* ?&7 69)9:96, , 674(*'),) H.,
;7)6,6I 67 &8, ,@9)4,39=8 ;, 69)9:96, , .(:),) 7. H3(8;78394978'( B&6939,.I ,37)3, 67 .,
7F,3'9'&6 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* +)7;9,478'7 )7,.9G,6,*. D93C, 3(8;9339=8 8( )7+)7*78',
8737*,)9,478'7 &8, H;7)6,6I< 3(4( ',8',* ;737* *7 C, )7+7'96( %3(4+.93586(*7 '(6,;E, .,
,@9)4,39=8 , A,*7 67 69*'98:&9) 6(* *&+&7*',* ;7)6,67*< ., H;7)6,6 @()4,.I > ., H;7)6,6
4,'7)9,.I/ *98( , .( *&4( &8, H37)'7G,I ( 37)'96&4A)7 B&)E693,. C(4( 69B7), 78 7. *9:.(
+,*,6( 7. :),8 +)(37*,.9*', +ac" H'(6,* .,* +)&7A,* B&6939,.7* 78 )7,.96,6 8( *(8 45* ?&7
+)&7A,* %( :),6(*/ 67 ;7)(*949.9'&6I. E* 7;9678'7 ?&7 *=.( 7. B&7G ?&7 C,>, +)7*7839,6( .,
)7,.9G,39=8 67 7*',* 69.9:7839,*< > +)9839+,.478'7 ., 67 .,* ?&7 '97878 3,)53'7) +7)*(8,.<
7*',)5 78 3(86939(87* 67 @()4,) .9A)7478'7 *& 3(8;9339=8 ( 67 ;,.(),) 3(8 ,397)'( 7.
)7*&.',6( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9,. P() 7..(< 7* 98,37+',A.7 ?&7 7. B&7G 8( ,*9*',
+7)*(8,.478'7 , ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, > 3(8'),693'()9( ?&7 *7 67@9786, *& .9A)7 ;,.(),39=8
+() +,)'7 67 &8 B&7G ?&7 ,. 8( +)7*7839,)., 3,)737 67 7.7478'(* +,), 7@73'&,) 693C,
;,.(),39=8< 3&,8'( 45* .9A)7478'7 *7 ;,.()7 &8, +)&7A, 45* 8737*,)9, 7* ., +7)37+39=8
69)73', +() 7. B&G:,6().
E. B&7G 3(8')(., 7. +)(37*( 67 ;7)9@93,39=8 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,8 C73C( >
673.,), 3&5.7* C,8 )7*&.',6( +)(A,6,*. E*', 69@7)7839,39=8 *7 783&78'), 3.,),478'7 7F+&7*',
78 Carnel!tti 3&,86( 6937L TS=.( *7 C,A., 67 +)&7A, , +)(+=*9'( 67 ,.:&8, 3(*, ?&7 C, *96(
,@9)4,6, > 3&>, 7F,3'9'&6 *7 '),', 67 3(4+)(A,)M 8( +7)'78737 , ., +)&7A, 7. +)(37694978'(
4769,8'7 7. 3&,. *7 67*3&A)7 &8, ;7)6,6 8( ,@9)4,6, *98(< +() 7. 3(8'),)9(< ,?&7. 4769,8'7 7.
3&,. *7 674&7*'), ( *7 C,.., &8, ;7)6,6 ,@9)4,6,.T A*949*4(< 7. 4,7*')( I',.9,8( Carnel!tti,
',. > 3(4( .( )73(:7 > 3(478', Sentis ,elendo< *7:&E, 6939786(L TC&,86( C74(* )7,.9G,6(
2$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
&8, )7*', ( &8, 69;9*9=8< C,374(* ., +)&7A, 4769,8'7 ('), (+7),39=8. N( C,> 898:&8,
69@7)7839, 3(8 7. 4&86( 67 .( B&)E693(L 7. )7*&.',6( +)947),478'7 (A'7896( ,. )7*',) ( 69;969)
.( +)7*78',4(* 3(4( &8, ,@9)4,39=8M > *(A)7 7.., )7,.9G,4(* ., +)&7A,< 4769,8'7 ., *&4, (
., 4&.'9+.93,39=8 ?&7 C,8 67 3(86&394(* ,. 498&786( ( ,. 69;96786(T.
4
E8 .(* 4,* 4(67)8(* '7F'( +)(37*,.7* 3(4+,),6(*< > 78')7 7..(* 7. 8&7;( 3=69:( +)(37*,. 67
H(86&),*< ., +),3'93, 67 ., +)&7A,* *7 A,*, 78 .(* +)9839+9(* 67 (),.96,6< 3(8378'),39=8 7
984769,39=8 B&6939,. > *7 7*',A.7378 8()4,* '78678'7* , @,;()737) ?&7 *(.( +() 4769( 67 .,
+)7*7839, 69)73', > +7)*(8,. 67. B&7G *7 +&76,8 +),3'93,) .,* +)&7A,*< 78 ',8'( 78 3&,8'( ?&7
., 984769,39=8 B&6939,. :,),8'9G, ., 7@93,39, 67. *9*'74, +)(A,'()9( > 7* 4,89@7*',39=8
987?&E;(3, 67. 7B7)3939( 67 ., 9867+7867839, B&6939,. > 67 ., 3(8@9,8G, 67 .(* 39&6,6,8(* 78
7. P(67) J&6939,.. L, +)&7A, 8( 67A7 67 *7) (3&.',< 7*3)9', ( 3,)78'7 67 +&A.9396,6 *98( ?&7
3(4( 78 7. 1()( R(4,8( ( 7. A:(), G)97:, ., ,&697839, 67 .(* '7*'9:(* 67 .(* +7)9'(* ( 67
.,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7 67A7 67 C,37) 3(8 ., +)7*7839, 69)73', > 7@73'9;, 67. ')9A&8,. ?&7 B&G:,.
AC(), A978< B&8'( , ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, 3(83&))7 (')( 4(478'( 7*7839,. ?&7 7* *&
;,.(),39=8. E8 7*'7 3,*( 67A7 67 *7) 7. ')9A&8,. 67 @()4, )7@.7F9;, > 4769',6, 7. ?&7 >, *98
+&A.9396,6 ,8,.937 ., +)&7A, > ., ;,.(), +,) (A'787) ., 678(498,6, H3(8;9339=8 B&6939,.I
*(A)7 .( 4,89@7*',6( +() .,* +,)'7*< .(* +7)9'(*< .(* '7*'9:(* ( .( 67)9;,6( 67 ., +)&7A,
6(3&478',. ( 67 )73(8(394978'( B&6939,..
P),3'93,6, ., +)&7A,< ..7:, 7. 4(478'( 67 ;,.(),).,< 67 ,+)739,).,. N( C,> 69@7)7839, 78')7
7*'(* 6(* 3(837+'(* 98693, -ecasens Sic"es
5
. C&,.?&97), 7* A&78( +,), 7F+)7*,) ., ',)7, ?&7
7. B&7G 67A7 )7,.9G,) , +,)'9) 67 7*'7 4(478'(. 2&9G5 ., C,>, 3(478G,6( >,< 6&),8'7 7.
B&939(< ,&8?&7 8( *7, +)&678'7 C,37).(< +&7* &8 4769( +)(A,'()9( 67'7)498,6(< 78 7. ?&7 *7
3(8@E, *7:K8 *7 ;7 > (>7< +&767 *7) 3(8'),693C( +() 7. *9:&978'7. S=.( ,. @98,.< +),3'93,6(*
'(6(*< 7. B&7G 7*'5 78 3(86939(87* 67 ,@)(8',) 7*, +,)'7 67 *& @&839=8< ?&7 7* ., 45*
94+()',8'7 78 3&,8'( 67'7)498, ., 6739*9=8 3(4( ,@9)4, G()+C7
6
. P,), 7B73&',) 67 @()4,
3())73', ., ,3'9;96,6 67 ., ,673&,6, ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 7* +)739*, ., 3(83&))7839, 67 ')7*
3(86939(87*. S=.( *9 D*',* *7 6,8< ., ;,.(),39=8 47)737 7*7 8(4A)7 > +&767 *7);9) , *&
@98,.96,6< ?&7 7* 673.,),) *9 .( ,@9)4,6( C, )7*&.',6( +)(A,6(.
• L, +)947), 67 .,* 3(86939(87* :&,)6, )7.,39=8 3(8 ., 983()+(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, ,.
B&939(L 7*', C, 67 C,A7) *96( 3())73',478'7 ,+()',6,. C&,86( *7 69*+(87 , ;,.(),) .,
+)&7A, 7. B&7G +,)'7 67 ?&7 7*, 3(86939=8 *7 C, 3&4+.96( > 67 ?&7 ., +)&7A, (AB7'(
67 ;,.(),39=8 *7 C, )7,.9G,6( 3(8@()47 , .(* 3)9'7)9(* 67 C,A7) *96( .E39',478'7
(A'7896, > +)(37*,.478'7 +),3'93,6, 3(8 +.78,* :,),8'E,* 67 ,&697839,<
3(8'),69339=8 > 67@78*,.
• L, *7:&86, *7 )7@97)7 ,. B&7G. H, 67 7*',) +)7+,),6( 3&.'&),.478'7 +,), )739A9) .,
+)&7A,< ,*949.,)., > 7F'),7) '(6( *& 3(8'7896( > +() .( ',8'( 67A7 67 :(G,) 67 &8,
*=.96, > 3(4+.7', @()4,39=8 B&)E693, > 67)9;,) *& ,3'&,39=8 67 .(* +)9839+9(* 67
9867+7867839, 7 94+,)39,.96,6.
4
.J S,8'9,:( S78'E* M7.786(< Est!dios de Derec"o Procesal. E6939(87* J&)E693,* E&)(+,JA4D)93,< 1$67.
5
.J L&9* R73,*D8* S93C7*< 78 *& .!eva /iloso/0a de la interpretación del Derec"o, 1(86( 67 C&.'&), E3(8=493(< MDF93( 1$56<
6937 ?&7 T., ,+)739,39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 7* *98 6&6, &8, (+7),39=8 ;,.(),'9;,T.
6
.J 1),8U(9* G()+C7< 78 Apreciación #!dicial de las pr!ebas, T749* 1$"5< 7*'94, 94+)7*39869A.7 ., &'9.9G,39=8 67 &8 4D'(6(
3)E'93( 67 3(8B&8'(L TM7'(6( ?&7 *7 ,+.93, 67 4,87), 69@7)78'7 , 3,6, 4769( 67 +)&7A,M +7)( ?&7< ,. 49*4( '974+(< 67A7 *7) .(
A,*',8'7 :787),. +,), )7@7)9)*7 , ., '(',.96,6 > .( *&@93978'7478'7 *9*'745'93( +,), 67*+)7867) .,* )7.,39(87* 78')7 '(6(* .(*
7.7478'(*. D7 ',.7* )7.,39(87* *&):9)5 ., +)&7A, @98,. 67 ., 3&.+,A9.96,6 ( ., 98(37839,T.
30
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• L, '7)37), *7 )7@97)7 , ., *9'&,39=8 78 ?&7 7. B&7G C, 67 783(8'),)*7 +,), )7,.9G,).,. E*
., 45* 94+()',8'7< +&7* *98 7.., 8( C,> @78=478( +)(A,'()9(L 7. B&7G C, 67 *7) .9A)7
+,), ;,.(),) .,* +)&7A,*. E8 '(6( 4(478'( +)(A,'()9( ., .9A7)',6 7* 94+()',8'7 > 78
7. 4(478'( 67 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A,< 7* 9869*+78*,A.7. S98 7*, .9A7)',6
,+)739,'9;,< 8( C,> ;,.(),39=8 B&6939,.. H,A)5 ,.:( 69*'98'(M C,A)5 &8, @9B,39=8 67
C73C(* *(47'9D86(*7 , .,* +,&',* 94+&7*',* +() 7. .7:9*.,6()< +7)( 8( &8, ;,.(),39=8
7@73'9;, 67 ., +)&7A,.
C(4( *7 98693, &8 ,673&,6( *9*'74, +)(A,'()9( 67A7 67 +,)'9) 67 ., .9A7)',6 +,), ;,.(),) .,
+)&7A,. P7)( 984769,',478'7 67A7 *7-,.,)*7 ?&7 7. B&7G 8( +&767< 78 8(4A)7 67 7*, .9A7)',6<
+)7*39869) 67 .,* +)&7A,* 67 *& 3(8'7896(< 67 *& ,.3,837 > 67 *& 8,'&),.7G,. E. B&7G 8(
*974+)7 C, *96( .9A)7 78 ., ,3'9;96,6 ;,.(),'9;, 67 ., +)&7A,. E8 (')(* '974+(* 7. .7:9*.,6()
@9B,A, 4769,8'7 +,&',* 98,4(;9A.7* 7. ;,.() 67 3,6, 4769( +)(A,'()9(. E. )7*&.',6( ,+,)73E,
94+&7*'(< C,*', 7. 7F')74( 67 ?&7 *9 &8 *(.( '7*'94(89( 3,)73E, 67 ;,.() +() 69*+(*939=8
.7:,.< 7. B&7G 8( +(6E, ,')9A&E)*7.( ,&8?&7 7*'&;97), 3(8;78396( 67 ?&7 7), ;7)6,67)(. E*7
*9*'74, 7* 3(8'),)9( ,. +)(+9( 3(837+'( 67 +)&7A,< +()?&7 94+967 ., ;7)9@93,39=8. A. 94+(87)
&8 67'7)498,6( ;,.() 67 ., +)&7A,< 7. .7:9*.,6() 7*',A.737 &8 )7*&.',6( > &'9.9G, ,. B&7G +,),
673.,),).(. D7A7 67 67@7867)*7< +() ',8'(< 7. *9*'74, 67 .9A)7 ;,.(),39=8 ?&7 7* 7. ,3(:96( 78
.(* '),A,B(* 67 +)7+,),39=8 67. 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.. P7)( &8, .9A)7 ;,.(),39=8
@&86,6,< 67 ,3&7)6( 3(8 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< ?&7 *7 (@)7378 3(4( &8 987*'94,A.7
4769( 67 ;,.(),) .,* +)&7A,* 78 .9A7)',6. E. .9A)7 3(8;78394978'( 8( 7* &8, 98*+9),39=8.
C&,86( 7. B&7G 7*',A.737 &8, 6739*9=8 ;,.(),'9;, .( C,37 +()?&7 ., 783&78'), @&86,6,< ,+',
+,), *7) 7F+.93,6, > ,37+',A.7 +() (')(* > +() 7. E*',6( 67 D7)73C( >< ,6745*< 67A7 67 *7)
7F+&7*', 78 ., )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. 67 @()4, 7F+.E39', > 4('9;,6,< 67 ',. 4,87), ?&7 .,
3(8;9339=8 B&6939,. ( ),'9( 673967869 8( ?&767 78 ., 478'7 67. B&7G *98( ?&7 *7 7F+.939'7 78
.(* @&86,478'(* 67 ., *78'7839,.
N( +&767 (.;96,)*7 ?&7 ., ;,.(),39=8 3(8B&8', 67 .,* +)&7A,* 7* &8, 98*'9'&39=8 .=:93,<
+&7*'( ?&7 7. B&7G 67A7 @&86,) 7. B&939( 67 C73C( 67 *& *78'7839, 78 '(6(* .(* 6,'(*
+)(A,'()9(*< 3,)739786( 67 *78'96( @&86,)*7 78 &8 *(.( 3(8 7F3.&*9=8 67 .(* 6745*. S98
74A,):(< +,), .( ?&7 8( 67A7 *7);9) 7*', +)53'93,< > 7*'7 C, *96( &8( 67 *&* ,*+73'(* 45*
3)9'93,6(*< 7* +,), (A;9,) ., 4('9;,39=8 67 ., *78'7839,< 7.&69786( ),G(8,) *(A)7 '(6(* > 3,6,
&8( 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,< > (3&.',86( 7. +)(37*( .=:93(JB&)E693( ?&7 +7)49'9= ;7)9@93,)
.,* 67'7)498,39(87* @53'93,* 67 ., )7*(.&39=8.
S9 3(8*',8 78 ., @&86,478',39=8 @53'93, 67 ., *78'7839, .,* ),G(87* 78 ;9)'&6 67 .,* 3&,.7* 7.
B&G:,6() 673.,), +)(A,6(* ( 94+)(A,6(* &8(* 67'7)498,6(* C73C(*< ., ,+)739,39=8
3(()698,6, ( 78 3(8B&8'( 67 '(6(* .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, *7)5 .=:93, 78 4&3C(* *&+&7*'(* >
&'9.9G,6, 3())73',478'7 V( ,. 478(* ',8 3())73',478'7 3(4( +&76,8 *7).( ('),* 98*'9'&39(87*
B&)E693,*JJ< > 8( 94+769)5 ,. =):,8( 67 3,*,39=8 7. ,85.9*9* 67 +(*9A.7* 7))()7*< 89 B&*'9@93,)5
?&7 *7, 7*'7 =):,8( 7. ?&7 7.&6, 7F,498,) *9 *7 C,8 98@)98:96( ( 8( .,* 8()4,* .7:,.7* 67
;,.(),39=8.
E. 67A7) 67 4('9;,39=8 7F9:7 ?&7 .,* *78'7839,* > )7*(.&39(87* *7,8 3.,),*< 7* 6739)< *&*
+)(8&839,4978'(* +() *9 49*4(* 7;9678'7*M +)739*,*M 7FC,&*'9;,*< )7*(.;9786( '(6(* .(*
+&8'(* .9'9:9(*(* ?&7 C,8 *96( *(47'96(* , 67A,'7. L, 4('9;,39=8 7*3&7', ( *&398',< *9 7*
*&@93978'7478'7 98693,'9;,< 8( 7?&9;,.7 , ,&*7839, 67 4('9;,39=8< +7)( 78 ., )7*(.&39=8 67A7
31
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C,37)*7 7F+)7*, 4,89@7*',39=8 67 ?&7 ., 6739*9=8 )7*+(867 , &8, 3(83)7', 4,87), 67
78'7867) ?&7 C73C(* C,8 ?&76,6( +)(A,6(* > 3(4( *7 C, 98'7)+)7',6( ., 8()4, ?&7 *7 6937
,+.93,A.7< *9786( 4('9;,39=8 *&@93978'7 ., ?&7 +7)49'7 3(8(37) ., ),G=8 67 ., 6739*9=8<
9867+786978'7478'7 67 ., +,)?&76,6 ( 67 ., 7F'78*9=8 67. ),G(8,4978'( 7F+)7*,6(.
ART5CULO 3@-4 PRINCIPIO DE DOBLE INSTANCIA-
En nin.9n prc"! &$1r> />! %" %! K8) in!'$nci$!; !in p"r)(ici %" #! r"c(r!!
"?'r$r%in$ri! "n #! c$!! pr",i!'! pr #$ #"*-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 6$0 CPC EB7)3939( 67. 67)73C( , .(* )73&)*(*M A)'E3&.( 6$1 CPC. C.,*7* 67
)73&)*(*M ,)'E3&.( 701 CPC . E@73'( 67;(.&'9;(. S4A9'( 67. )73&)*(M A)'E3&.( 705 CPC.
198,.96,6 67. )73&)*(M A)'E3&.( 706 CPC C(4+7'7839,M A)'E3&.( 707 CPC P)(3767839,
Co)etario*
E. 67)73C( ,. )73&)*( +&767 @()4,) +,)'7 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< >, ?&7 .,
3(8;7897839, 67 ?&7 7. +7)B&693,6( +() &8, )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. +&76, +769) &8 *7:&86(
7F,478 67 .( 6739696(< 8( *7 C, 7.7;,6( , 7.7478'( 98'7:),8'7 H+7) *7I 67 ., '&'7., B&6939,.
7@73'9;,< +() .( ?&7 ?&76, , ., 69*3)739(8,.96,6 67. .7:9*.,6() 7. +)7;7) ( 8( )73&)*(* 78 7.
+)(37*(. D739696( +() 7. .7:9*.,6() ?&7 78 7. +)(37*( 7F9*'9)5 ,.:K8 )73&)*(< 7. 67)73C( , .,
'&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< )73(8(396, , 89;7. 3(8*'9'&39(8,. 7F9:7L
1/ E. .7:9*.,6() 8( +&767 )7:&.,) 7. )73&)*( 3(8 98@),339=8 67 +)9839+9(* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*<
3(4( (3&))9)E, 78 7. 3,*( 67 +7)49'9) )73&))9) *(.( , ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7*< +&7* 9)E, 78 3(8'),
67. +)9839+9( 67 9:&,.6,6< 89 +(87) (A*'53&.(* , ., ,649*9=8 67. )73&)*( ?&7 .( C,:,8
94+(*9A.7 ( 69@E39. +,), &8, ( .,* 6(* +,)'7*.
2/ L(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 8( +&7678 98'7)+)7',) .(* )7?&9*9'(* 67 ,649*9A9.96,6 67.
)73&)*( 7*',A.7396(* +() 7. .7:9*.,6() 67 4(6( ?&7 94+96,8 ( 69@93&.'78 67 C73C( .,
98'7)+(*939=8 67 .(* )73&)*(* +() .,* +,)'7*.
E8 )7.,39=8 3(8 .( ,8'7)9() ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 303 7*',A.737 ?&7L
HEn ning(n #!icio "abr% m%s de dos instancias1 el #!e& o magistrado !e "aya e#ercido
#!risdicción en !na de ellas no podr% conocer en la otra, ni en rec!rso e2traordinario en el
mismo as!nto, sin inc!rrir en responsabilidad3.
ART5CULO 3B-4 ORALIDAD-
32
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- E# prc"! ci,i# "! pr"%/in$n'"/"n'" r$#- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! %" $#".$ci0n; #$
pr>c'ic$ %" #$! pr("1$! * #$ !(!'$nci$ci0n %"# prc"! "n ."n"r$#; !" "+"c'($r>n
r$#/"n'" "n $(%i"nci$! p91#ic$!-
8- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! :(" '"n.$n :(" c"#"1r$r!" pr "!cri' &$n %" +$ci#i'$r #$
$p#ic$ci0n %"# principi %" r$#i%$%-
=- T%! #! $c'! r$#"! !" .r$1$r>n "n !pr'" /$.n<'ic %i.i'$#; pr c($#:(i"r
'r /"%i '<cnic i%0n"- En c$! %" !"r /$'"ri$#/"n'" i/p!i1#" #$ .r$1$ci0n "n
(n prc"! ci,i# cncr"'; !" %c(/"n'$r>n pr "# !"cr"'$ri "n %"1i%$ +r/$; %"
/$n"r$ :(" :("%" cn!'$nci$ %" # "!"nci$# c(rri% %(r$n'" !( %"!$rr##-
Co)etario*
E*', 7* &8, 67 .,* +)9839+,.7* 8(;76,67* 67. CPC< +&7* 3(8*'9'&>7 &8 3,4A9( ),693,. 78 '(6(
.( ?&7 3(8397)87 ,. +)(37*( 39;9.< 67*,+,)739786( 7. '),6939(8,. +)(37694978'( 7*3)9'(< *9786(
*&*'9'&96( +() ,&697839,* 78 +)7*7839, B&6939,.. E. +)9839+9( 67 (),.96,6 *9:89@93, ?&7< 78
+)947) .&:,)< ?&7 78 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* +)76(498, .( C,A.,6( *(A)7 .( 7*3)9'(< 3(4( 4(6(
67 7F+)7*9=8 > 3(4&893,39=8 78')7 .(* 69@7)78'7* *&B7'(* ?&7 98'7);97878 78 7. +)(37*(. D7
,8'74,8( *,A74(* ?&7 +)53'93,478'7 8( C,> )D:9478 ,.:&8( 67 67)73C( +(*9'9;(
7F3.&*9;,478'7 (),.< *98( ?&7 '(6(* *(8 49F'(*. E8')7 .,* ;78',B,* 67 ., (),.96,6 *7
783&78'),8 .,* *9:&978'7*L
• G,),8'9G, ., +&A.9396,6 67. +)(37*( > 7. 3(8')(. 3)9'93( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 B&)9*69339(8,.<
(A.9:, ,. J&7G , &8, 4,>() ,3'9;96,6 +&7* 69)9:7 +7)*(8,.478'7 ., ,&697839,<
4,8'9787 3(8',3'( 69)73'( 3(8 .,* +,)'7* > *&* )7+)7*78',8'7* > 67@78*()7*<
3(8*73&78'7478'7< 7. J&7G 7*',)5 78 47B()7* 3(86939(87* 67 (A'787) &8, 3(8;9339=8
67)9;,6, 67 *& ,+)739,39=8 69)73', 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,.
• P(*9A9.9', ., 3(8378'),39=8 7@73'9;, 78 7. 67*,))(..( 67. +)(37*(< >, ?&7 *7)5 7.
49*4( J&7G 7. ?&7 3(8(37)5 67. +)(37*( 78 *& '(',.96,6.
• L9:,6, , ., (),.96,6 ,+,)737 ., 984769,39=8 ?&7 *&+(87 7. 3(8(394978'( 69)73'( > .,
3(4&893,39=8 +7)*(8,. 67 .,* +,)'7*< .(* .9'9:,8'7* > 7. B&G:,6()
E8 )7.,39=8 ,. 8&47),. 2/ 67 7*'7 ,)'93&.(< *7 +)7;D ?&7 ',.7* ,3'(* *7 ,B&*'78 , .( 7F9:96( 78
7. CPC 78 *& ,)'E3&.( 125 3())7*+(869786( ,. S73)7',)9( *& 3(8*7);,39=8 > 3&*'(69,<
E. 8&47),. 3/ 7*',A.737 ., @()4, 67 :),A,39=8
7
< *98 74A,):(< 78 3,*( 67 *7) 4,'7)9,.478'7
94+(*9A.7 ., :),A,39=8 78 &8 +)(37*( 39;9. 3(83)7'(< .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* *7 6(3&478',),8
+() 7. S73)7',)9( 78 &8 ,3', *&398', 67 4,87), ?&7 ?&767 3(8*',839, 67 '(6( .( 7*7839,.
,3(8'7396( 78 7. 67*,))(..( 67 ., ,&697839,< 7. 8( ?&76,) :),A,6( 7. ,3'( 8( *&+(87
9867@78*9=8 +,), .,* +,)'7*. L, (),.96,6 B&8',478'7 3(8 ., 984769,39=8 > ., 3(8378'),39=8<
*&+(87 )7,.9G,) 47B() ., ;7)6,67), @&839=8 67. +)(37*( ?&7 7* B&G:,) 67 @()4, )5+96,< 3(8
+)7*7839, 7@73'9;, 67. B&7G 78 ., ()678,39=8 67. 67A,'7 +)(37*,. > 78 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,
3(4( 4769( 7@93,G +,), (A'787) &8, ,673&,6, 3(8;9339=8 B&6939,..
ART5CULO 3C-4 INMEDIACIÓN-
7
C(8 ., 78'),6, 78 ;9:7839, 67 7*'7 C=69:(< ., C()'7 S&+)74, 7*', (A.9:,6, 78 94+.7478',) .,* *,.,* 67 ,&697839,<
7?&9+586(.,* 3(8 '(6( 7. 7?&9+( > 4,'7)9,. 8737*,)9( +,), 7. 67*,))(..( 67 .,* 49*4,*.
33
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- E# )("7 :(" %ic'" #$ !"n'"nci$ &$ %" !"r; "# :(" &$*$ pr"!"nci$% * %iri.i% #$
pr>c'ic$ %" #$! pr("1$!; !$#, #$! "?c"pcin"! pr",i!'$!; ! p"n$ %" n(#i%$% %"!%" #$
ci'$ci0n p$r$ #$ $(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$ ":(i,$#"n'"-
8- N !" p("%" %"#".$r c/i!in$r #$ pr>c'ic$ %" (n $c' prc"!$# r$#; 1$) !$nci0n
%" n(#i%$%; !$#, "n c$!! "?c"pcin$#"! "n #! :(" r"!(#'" $1!#('$/"n'" n"c"!$ri
r"$#i7$r# pr ,2$ %" $(?i#i )(%ici$#-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 1"7 CPCL I4+769478'( 67. B&7G ?&7 C&A97)7 ,*9*'96( , ., ,&697839,M A)'E3&.( 467
CPC +),3'93, 67 ., +)&7A,.
Co)etario*
E. ,+,)',6( &8( 67 7*'7 +)9839+9(< 7F9:7 ?&7 7. *78'7839,6() '78:, 7. 4,>() 3(8',3'( +7)*(8,.
3(8 .(* 7.7478'(* *&AB7'9;(* > (AB7'9;(* ?&7 3(8@()4,8 7. +)(37*(. P() 7..(< 7*7839,. ?&7 7.
B&7G ?&7 67A7 +)(8&839,) ., *78'7839, C,>, ,*9*'96( , ., +)53'93, 67 .,* +)&7A,* 67 ?&7 7F'),7
*& 3(8;78394978'(< > C,>, 78'),6(< +() .( ',8'(< 78 )7.,39=8 69)73', 3(8 .,* +,)'7*< 3(8 .(*
'7*'9:(*< 3(8 .(* +7)9'(* > 3(8 .(* (AB7'(* 67. B&939(< 67 @()4, ?&7 +&76, ,+)739,) .,*
673.,),39(87* 67 ',.7* +7)*(8,* > .,* 3(86939(87* 67 .(* *9'9(* > 3(*,* .9'9:9(*,*< @&86586(*7
78 ., 94+)7*9=8 984769,', )739A96, 67 7..(* > 8( 78 )7@7)7839,* ,B78,*. L( ,8'7)9() 3(8*'9'&>7
&8, ,')9A&39=8 7F3.&*9;, , ., ,&'()96,6 B&6939,. 67 ., 3,+,396,6 67 69)7339=8 69)73',< 7@73'9;,
( 984769,', 67. +)(37*( > 67. 67A,'7 +)(37*,. 3(8 3)9'7)9(* 67 .7:,.96,6 7 94+,)39,.96,6< 7*
+() 7..( ?&7 ., (),.96,6 7* 7. 47B() 4769( +,), ,.3,8G,) ., 984769,39=8< 67 4,87), 45*
7@93978'7 ?&7 ., 7*3)9'&),< +&7* ., 3(4+,),39=8 > 7. ,85.9*9* *7 @,39.9',8 A,*',8'7 45* 3&,86(
.(* 7.7478'(* 67 +)&7A, *(8 )739A96(* +() '(6(* .(* *&B7'(* 67. +)(37*(< 67 4,87),
3(8378'),6, > 3(8'98&,< 3(4( *7 )7,.9G,), 78 7. B&939( (),.<
E. ,+,)',6( 6(* +)(CEA7 ., 67.7:,39=8 67 +)53'93, 67 +)&7A,< *7 7*',A.737 A,B( )9:&)(*,*
*,839(87* 67 8&.96,6 ?&7 7. T)9A&8,. ?&7 693'7 ., *78'7839, C, 67 *7) 7. ?&7 C,>, +)7*7839,6(
> 69)9:96( ., +)53'93, 67 .,* +)&7A,*< *,.;( 7F37+39(87* +)7;9*',*< 78 3&,8'( , 3(49*9(8,) .,
+),3'93, 67 +)&7A,< 7F37+39(8,.478'7 ., ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&7 +() ;E, 67 ,&F9.9( B&6939,. %,)'. 15$
CPC/.
ART5CULO 3E-4 CONCENTRACIÓN-
E# prc"%i/i"n' !" %"!$rr##$r> "n (n$ "n #$ /"nr c$n'i%$% %" $(%i"nci$! p!i1#"!-
L$! $(%i"nci$! :(" n +in$#ic"n $ /"%i%2$; cn'in($r>n "!$ /i!/$ '$r%" *; !i '$/pc
&(1i"r"n +in$#i7$%; "# %2$ %2$! !i.(i"n'"!-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 467 CPC +),3'93, 67 ., +)&7A,M A)'E3&.( 46" CPC +)&7A, *7+,),6, 67 ., ,&697839,
+)(A,'()9,.
Co)etario*
34
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*'7 +)9839+9( ',4A9D8 7* 3(8*73&7839, 67 ., (),.96,6 ?&7 67A7 67 +)7*969) '(6( 7. 8&7;(
*9*'74, +)(37*,. 39;9.. L, 6(3')98, 69*'98:&7 78 7. +)9839+9( ?&7 ,8,.9G,4(* 6(* +&8'(* 67
;9*', 3(4+.7478',)9(*L 7. ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(3769478',. > 7. ?&7 ,',-7 ,.
3(8'7896( 67. +)(37*(.
• E. +)947)( *&+(87 ?&7 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* *7 67*,))(..78 78 &8, *(., ,&697839,< > *9
7..( 8( 7* +(*9A.7< 78 ;,)9,* +)=F94,* '74+(),.478'7 78')7 *E< 67 4(6( ?&7 7. B&7G<
78 7. 4(478'( 67 693',) *78'7839,< 3(8*7);7 78 *& 474()9, .,* 4,89@7*',39(87*
)7,.9G,6,* +() .,* +,)'7* > 7. )7*&.',6( 67 .,* +)&7A,* +)53'93,*.
• E. *7:&86( *7 )7@97)7 ., 3(8378'),39=8 , .,* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7*< +)7;9,* 7
9839678',.7*< 7;9',86(< 78 ., 47696, 67 .( +(*9A.7< *& '),',4978'( *7+,),6( > .,*
94+&:8,39(87* 3(8 7@73'( *&*+78*9;(. S7 98'78', 67 7*'7 4(6( 8( +,),.9G,) ( 69@7)9)
7. 87:(39( +)9839+,.< 6(',86( ,. +)(37*( 67 4,>() &'9.96,6 > 7@93,39,.
E. +)(37*( +() ,&697839,*< 7* 7. ?&7 47B() *7 3(4+,:98, 3(8 7. +)9839+9( 67 3(8378'),39=8<
+()?&7 '97867 , )7&89) '(6, ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(37*,. 78 ., 478() 3,8'96,6 +(*9A.7 67 ,3'(*<
7;9',86( 67 7*', 4,87), ., 69*+7)*9=8< .( ?&7 +() ('), +,)'7< 3(8')9A&>7 , ?&7 7. +)(37*( *7,
45* 7F+769'( %67 7*'7 4(6( 7. ')9A&8,. '9787 &8, 3(4+.7', 3(4+)78*9=8 67 '(6( .( 67A,'96(
> 7*', 47B() C,A9.9',6( +,), 673969)/. L, (),.96,6 94+(87 987F(),A.7478'7 ., 3(8378'),39=8
> ., 3(8'98&96,6. L, +)947), ?&7 7*'5 69)73',478'7 )7@7)96, , .(* *&B7'(* 67. +)(37*( > , .,
)737+39=8 67 ., +)&7A, > ., *7:&86, , .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* ?&7 67A78 )7,.9G,)*7 78 7. B&939(<
,4A,* 7F9:78 ?&7 7. B&939( (),. *7 )7,.937 @)78'7 , '(6(* .(* *&B7'(* +)(37*,.7*< 67*67 7. 98939(
C,*', *& '7)498,39=8 67 &8, *(., ;7G > 78 @()4, *&37*9;,< 3.,)( 7*',< ?&7 8( +(674(* (A;9,)
?&7 .,* ,&697839,* *7 +&7678 98'7))&4+9) +,), ,'7867) 7. 67*3,8*( 69,)9(< +() 8737*96,67*
@9*9(.=:93,* > ('),* ),G(87* ?&7 +&7678 B&*'9@93,) ., *&*+78*9=8 > ., +(*'7):,39=8 67 .,
,&697839, (),.< 3(4( *7)L 94+769478'( ( 78@7)476,6 67 ,.:&8( 67 .(* *&B7'(* 67. +)(37*(<
,3'(* @&7), 67 ., *767 67. ')9A&8,. 3(4( &8 )73(8(394978'( B&6939,.< 7'3.
P() K.'94(< 7* 8737*,)9( *7-,.,) ?&7 78 7. +)9839+9( 67 3(8378'),39=8 7F9*'7< 3(4( 7* .=:93(<
&8, @9B,39=8 .7:,. 67 4(478'(* > (+()'&896,67* +,), C,37) &*( 67 .(* 4769(* 67 ,',?&7 >
67@78*, > +,), )7,.9G,) .,* 69;7)*,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7*. C(8378'),39=8 8( ?&97)7 6739)< 78
,A*(.&'(< 67*()678 67 .(* ,3'(*< 89 ,&*7839, 67 .,* @,3&.',67* 78 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. +,),
3(86&39) ,673&,6,478'7 .(* 67A,'7* > 7;9',) ,.7:,39(87* > +)&7A,* 3(8 5894( 69.,'()9(.
ART5CULO 3F-4 ELASTICIDAD Y PRECLUSIÓN-
3- En #! $c'! r$#"! %"# prc"!; 1$) #$ %ir"cci0n %"# )("7; #$! p$r'"! p("%"n $#".$r
# :(" cn!i%"r"n cn,"ni"n'" $ !( %"r"c& * :(" '"n.$ r"#$ci0n cn "# 1)"' %"#
/i!/; $!2 c/ $pr'$r pr("1$! !1r" "## cn+r/" $ "!'" C0%i.; !$#, :(" #$
#"* +i)" '<r/in! pr"c#(!i,! p$r$ #$ $#".$ci0n %" &"c&! p$r$ #$ $pr'$ci0n %"
pr("1$!-
8- L$ $c'i,i%$% prc"!$# %"1" r"$#i7$r!" %"n'r %" #! p#$7! "!'$1#"ci%! #".$#/"n'";
pr"c#(*"n% "n c$! cn'r$ri-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 126 CPC P)73.&*9=8
35
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
L, +,.,A), HP)73.&*9=8I @&7 98')(6&396, +() C"iovenda 78 7. .DF93( +)(37*,.< > +)(;9787 67
., ;(G .,'98, +),73.&*9(< ?&7 *9:89@93, 3.,&*&),)< 37)),) %7. +,*(/< 94+769). L, +)73.&*9=8 C,
*96( 67@9896, 3(4( 7. 7@73'( 67 &8 7*',69( 67. +)(37*( ?&7 ,. ,A)9)*7 3.,&*&),<
67@989'9;,478'7< 7. ,8'7)9()< 7F9:9786( ?&7 *7 7*',A.7G3,8 &8, *7)97 67 .,+*(* 67 '974+( +,),
?&7 3,6, +,)'7 ..7;7 7. 3())7*+(86978'7 7*3)9'( > 7*'7 *7 3(4&89?&7 , ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,<
(3&))9786( ,.:( 4&> *949.,) 3(8 .,* )7*(.&39(87* 67. B&7G< E* 8737*,)9(< +() ',8'(< 69;969) 7.
+)(37*( 78 @,*7* ( +7)E(6(* ?&7 *=.( *7 67*,))(..,8 ()678,6,478'7 4769,8'7 7. 3)9'7)9( 67 .,
+)73.&*9=8. E*'( 7* ?&7 7. +)(37694978'( *7 3&4+.7 +() 7',+,* ?&7 ;,8 37)),86( ., ,8'7)9().
Y *7 +)(6&37 +() ')7* 4('9;(*L
,/ P() 8( C,A7)*7 (A*7);,6( 7. ()678 ( ,+)(;73C,6( ., (+()'&896,6 ?&7 ('():, ., .7> %7B7L
;78394978'( 67. +.,G(/
A/ P() C,A7)*7 7B7)396( ;,.96,478'7 ., @,3&.',6 %3(8*&4,39=8/ > 7*'7 7B7)3939( 67 ., @,3&.',6
7* 98'7:),.< 8( +&767 3(4+.7',)*7 .&7:(< *,.;( 8()4, .7:,. 7F+)7*, %7B7L 3(8'7*',) .,
674,86,/
3/ P() 3&4+.9) &8, ,3'9;96,6 983(4+,'9A.7 3(8 ., ('), %,8'7)9()/ %7B7. 3(8'7*',) *98 (+(87)
7F37+39(87*< 89 ,.7:,) *98 +769) ?&7 *7 3(4+.7'7 +)&7A,/
ART5CULO 3H-4 PUBLICIDAD-
L! $c'! prc"!$#"!; #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #$! pr("1$! * #$ !(!'$nci$ci0n %"# prc"! "n
."n"r$#; !" %"1"n "+"c'($r r$#/"n'" "n $(%i"nci$! p91#ic$!; !$#, #! c$!!
"?c"p'($%! "n "!'" C0%i. * "n 'r$! #"*"!G pr r$7n"! %" r%"n p91#ic c($n% "#
0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# $!2 # %i!pn.$ p$r$ pr'"."r #$ +$/i#i$; #$ i/$."n #$ in'i/i%$%
%" c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! %" '"rc"r!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 131 CPC +)(C9A939=8 67 *73)7'(M A)'E3&.( 134 CPC +&A.9396,6 67 .(* ,3'(*
+)(37*,.7*M A)'E3&.( 466 CPC A&697839, +)(A,'()9,M A)'E3&.(* 467 CPC P)53'93, 67 .,
+)&7A,.
Co)etario*
L, +&A.9396,6 78 7. +)(37*( 3(8..7;, ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 3&,.?&97) 39&6,6,8( +&76,
+)7*7839,) ., ,&697839,< 7*3&3C,) > (A*7);,) ., +)&7A, +,), @()4,)*7 *& +)(+9( B&939(<
+(674(* ,@9)4,) ?&7 ., +&A.9396,6 7* &8, :,),8'E, 67 '),8*+,)7839,. P() 7..(< *7 C,37
8737*,)9( ?&7 78 7. *9*'74, 7F9*', &8, 7*')&3'&), ,673&,6, 67 3(4&893,39=8 > 67 8('9@93,39=8
98'7)8,* 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7*< 4769(* ?&7 C,:,8 +(*9A.7 7*, 3(4&893,39=8 >
8('9@93,39=8 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*.D7 9:&,. 4(6(< 3(4( 7* A978 *,A96(< ., +&A.9396,6
94+(87 &8 473,89*4( +)(37*,. 7*')&3'&),6( 78 @()4, ',. ?&7 *&* ,3'(* +)9839+,.7* +&76,8
*7) 3(8(396(* +() ., :787),.96,6 67 ., 39&6,6,8E,M ., +&A.9396,6 7F'7)8, 67 .(* ,3'(* 67
+)&7A,< 67 .,* 3(83.&*9(87*< 67. +)(8&839,4978'( 67 ., *78'7839, 94+(878 &8 *9*'74, ?&7
C,:, +(*9A.7 .(* '7*'94(89(* > .,* 37)'9@93,39(87*< 983.&*( &8 *9*'74, 67 )7,.9G,39=8 67 .(*
36
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,3'(* +)(37*,.7* 678')( 67 &8 7*+,39( @E*93( 67'7)498,6( ?&7 C,:, +(*9A.7 7. 3(8(394978'(
+() '(6(* 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*.
C(8 7. +)9839+9( 67 +&A.9396,6 *7 +(87 *98 6&6, @98 ,. +)(37*( 98?&9*9'9;( > , &8 *9*'74,
7*3)9'( 3(8 7F37*( 67 @()4,.9*4(*
"
> +)(37694978'(*< ?&7 69.,', 67 @()4, 988737*,)9, 7.
+)(37*( > ?&7 .949', ., 3(8@9,8G, 78 ., J&*'939, 3(4( ;,.() *&+)74( 67. O)678,4978'(
J&)E693(.
S9 A978 7* 397)'( 7*'7 +)9839+9( 7*',A.737 ?&7 .,* ,&697839,* *7)58 +KA.93,*< ',4A9D8 .( 7* ?&7
7. T)9A&8,. +(6)5 )7*(.;7) ?&7 67'7)498,6,* ,&697839,* *7 +),3'9?&78 , +&7)', 37)),6, 78
,?&7..(* 3,*(* 7F37+'&,6(*< %6739*9=8 +() 4769( 67 ,&'( *98 &.'7)9() )73&)*(/ > +,), &8,
47B() ,+)739,39=8 67 .(* .73'()7* 6,4(* .(* *9:&978'7* 7B74+.(*L
,/ C&,86( 7..( *7, 8737*,)9( +,), ., +)('7339=8 67 ., *7:&)96,6 8,39(8,.< 67. ()678
+KA.93( ( 67 ., 4(),.96,6< +() ,@73',) *73)7'( (@939,.< +,)'93&.,)< 3(47)39,. ( 986&*')9,.
3&>, )7;7.,39=8 9867A96, *7, +&89A.7M ,@73'7 ., *7:&)96,6 67. 7*',6(
A/ C&,86( .(* 98'7)7*7* 67 .(* 478()7* ( ., +)('7339=8 67 ., ;96, +)9;,6, 67 .,* +,)'7* >
67 (')(* 67)73C(* > .9A7)',67* .( 7F9B,8. S7 ,@73'7 69)73',478'7 7. +&6()< ., ;96,
+)9;,6, ( ., 98'7:)96,6 @E*93, 67 ,.:&8( 67 .(* 98'7);98978'7* 78 7. +)(37*(.
3/ C&,86( , B&939( +)&678'7 67. T)9A&8,.< +() ., 3(83&))7839, 67 39)3&8*',839,*
7*+739,.7*< ., +&A.9396,6 +&697), +7)B&693,) , .(* 98'7)7*7* 67 ., B&*'939,L C&,86( *7
3(8*967)7 ?&7 ., 673.,),39=8 67 &8, +7)*(8, 8( 67A7 *7) +KA.93,< +,)'93&.,)478'7 *9 *7
'),', 67 478()7* 67 76,6< 7;9',86( 67 7*', 4,87), 7. 4()A( > ?&7 7. 673.,),8'7 *7
+&76, 98C9A9) ,. *78'9)*7 (A*7);,6( +() 7. +KA.93(.
ART5CULO 8I-4 SUBSANACIÓN-
E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# p%r> r%"n$r #$ !(1!$n$ci0n %" #! %"+"c'! :(" cn'"n.$n
#! $c'! prc"!$#"! $n(#$1#"! %" #$! p$r'"!; !i"/pr" :(" "n %ic&! $c'! !" &(1i"!"
/$ni+"!'$% #$ ,#(n'$% %" c(/p#ir #! r":(i!i'! "?i.i%! pr #$ #"*-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( 205 CPC R7*(.&39(87* 67@73'&(*,* > *&A*,8,39=8M A)'E3&.( 426 CPC I8,649*9=8
67 ., 674,86,M A)'E3&.( 44$ CPC 678&839, > 7F,478 67 .(* 67@73'(* +)(37*,.7*M A)'E3&.(
450 CPC A+)739,39=8 67 67@73'(* +)(37*,.7*M A)'E3&.( 451 CPC 67@73'(* 67 3,+,396,6<
)7+)7*78',39=8 ( +(*'&.,39=8M A)'E3&.( 454 CPC 674,86, 67@73'&(*,.
Co)etario*
E*'7 7* &8 +)9839+9( 69)73',478'7 )7.,39(8,6( 3(8 7. 67)73C( @&86,478',. 67 ,337*( , .,
B&*'939,< > +() 7..( 7. T)9A&8,. +(6)5 ()678,) ., *&A*,8,39=8 67 .(* 67@73'(* ?&7 3(8'78:,8
.(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* ,8&.,A.7* 67 .,* +,)'7*< *974+)7 ?&7 78 693C(* ,3'(* *7 C&A97*7
4,89@7*',6( ., ;(.&8',6 67 3&4+.9) .(* )7?&9*9'(* 7F9:96(* +() ., .7>. R7.,39(8,6( 3(8 .(
,8'7)9() 7. ,)'E3&.( 426 67. CPC 7*',A.737 ?&7 7. J&7G 3(4&893,), ,. 674,86,8'7< +() &8,
*(., ;7G .(* 67@73'(* & (49*9(87* 67 ., 674,86,< +,), ?&7 *9 *(8 *&A*,8,A.7*< +)(376, ,
"
Pr:(" #! +r/$#i!/!: P()?&7 7. J&7G 8737*9', 67 &8 *&A,.'7)8( ?&7 67 @7 67 ?&7 )7,.478'7 *7 C9G( .( ?&7 *7 C9G(< 78 ('),*
+,.,A),* 7*',) *7:&)( 67 ?&7 49 *&A,.'7)8( @9)4(< 7'3.< +()?&7 YO EL JUE6 8( 7*'&;7 +)7*78'7 > .( 49*4( 983.&*( 3(8 .,*
673.,),39(87* 78 4&3C,* (3,*9(87*.J CRUZ 1ERNANDOL E. J&939( (),.< D7@78*, PKA.93,L L,* ;9(.,39(87* ,. 67A96( +)(37*(<
%7B74+.( 6,6( 78 &8, 3(8@7)7839, 78 B(.9;9,/
37
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3())7:9).(* ( , 3(4+.7',)., 78 7. +.,G( ?&7 *7 @9B7 ,. 7@73'(< ?&7 8( +(6)5 *7) *&+7)9() , 697G
6E,*
E. +)9839+9( ?&7 3(478',4(*< '9787 78'96,6 +)(+9, 3(4( &8( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* 7*7839,.7*
98@()4,6()7* 67. *9*'74, 67 8&.96,6 +)(37*,.. P7)( ., ;9)'&,.96,6 67 7*'7 +)9839+9( 7* ',. ?&7
'),8*397867 983.&*( , ., +)(+9, )7:&.,39=8 +(*9'9;,< +()?&7< 78 67@989'9;,< +)(3767 67.
67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, )73(8(396( 78 7. ,)'. "2 CR. L, ;9)'&,.96,6 67. +)9839+9(
67 *&A*,8,39=8 98@()4, '(6( 7. *9*'74, +)(37*,.. S7 '),', 67 7;9',) 7. +)(37*( 98K'9.< 7.
+)(37*( ?&7 8( ..7:&7 , *& 47',< ?&7 8( 7* ('), ?&7 ., *78'7839, 67 @(86(. P() 7*', ),G=8<
'(6(* .(* 98*')&478'(* +)(37*,.7*< 7*'58 69*+&7*'(* +,), ?&7 +&76,8 *,87,)*7 .(* ;939(*
6&),8'7 ., *&*',839,39=8 67. 49*4( > +() ., @98,.9G,39=8 +)74,'&), 67. +)(37*( > *& ,)3C9;(<
3&,86( 7..( 8( )7*&.'7 +(*9A.7.
ART5CULO 83-4 APLICACIÓN DE LA NORMA PROCESAL-
3- L! #i'i.i! :(" crr"!pn%$n $ #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! !" !(!'$nci$r>n
!i"/pr" pr "##! cn $rr".# $ #$! nr/$! prc"!$#"! ,i."n'"!; :(" n(nc$ !"r>n
r"'r$c'i,$!-
8- L! prc"!! :(" !" !(!'$nci"n "n '"rri'ri n$cin$#; !" ri."n pr "!'" C0%i.; #$!
nr/$! cn!'i'(cin$#"! * pr #! 'r$'$%! * cn,"ni! in'"rn$cin$#"!-
Co)etario*
C(4( 7* 67 7*+7),)*7 ., 94+.7478',39=8 67. N&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< 6,6( *&
8,'&),.7G, 7* 8(;76(*( > 4(67)8(< +() 3(8*9:&978'7< 67A7 ,3.,),)*7 ?&7 94+,3'( +)(6&37 78
7. 67)73C( ;9:78'7< ?&7 8()4,* *7 ,@73',8 C,*', 7. +&8'( 67 67'7)498,) *& 67)(:,39=8<
4(69@93,39=8 +,), ,)4(89G,) ., 4,'7)9,. E* +() 7..( ?&7 78 )7.,39=8 ,. 8&47),. 1/ 67 7*'7
+)9839+9(< *7 7*',A.737 &8, ,+.93,39=8 9))7*')93', 67. +)9839+9( 67 9))7')(,3'9;96,6 67 .,* .7>7*<
.( ?&7 *&+(87 ?&7 '(6(* ,?&7..(* 3,*(* ( +)(37*(* >, 98939,6(* A,B( 7. ,4+,)( 67. ,8'7)9()
C=69:( 67 1$06< 8( .7* *7)5 ,+.93,6( 7. 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. < +&7* 7. 49*4( *=.( *7)5
,+.93,6( 67*67 *& 78'),6, 78 ;9:()< +&7* 78 3,*( 67 ,+.93,)*7 7*'7 8&7;( C=69:( , 7*(* 3,*(*
8(* 3(8..7;,)E, , &8 3,(*< 6,6( ?&7 78 .(* T)9A&8,.7* C9;9.7* ,3'&,.478'7 *7 '),49',8
98@9896,6 67 7F+76978'7*. P() 7..( 7. C=69:( 7*',A.737 ?&7 ,?&7..(* 3,*(* ?&7 *7 783&78'),8
78 &8, 7',+, +)(37*,. ,. '974+( 67 78'),6, 78 ;9:() 67. 8&7;( C=69:( +)(37*,. *7 )7:9)5 +()
.,* 8()4,* 67. ,8'7)9() C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7*< > 3&,86( 7*7 +)(37*( 78')7 , .,
*9:&978'7 7',+, *7 ,+.93,)5 >, 7. 8&7;( C=69:(< 7. ?&7 3(8'9787L D9*+(*939(87* T),8*9'()9,*M
D9*+(*939=8 D7)(:,'()9,M D9*+(*939(87* A6939(8,.7*M > D9*+(*939(87* 198,.7*
ART5CULO 88-4 CARLCTER SUPLETORIO DEL CÓDIGO PROCESAL CIVIL-
E# pr"!"n'" C0%i. !" $p#ic$r> !(p#"'ri$/"n'" c($n% n "?i!'$n %i!p!icin"! "n #$!
#"*"! :(" r".(#$n #! prc"!! p"n$#"!; cn'"nci!4$%/ini!'r$'i,!; #$1r$#"!; * %" 'r$
2n%#" prc"!$#-
3"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
E. C=69:( *7 ,+.93,), *&+.7'()9,478'7 , .(* +)(37*(* 67 .(* (')(* =)6787* B&)9*69339(8,.7*<
*974+)7 ?&7 *7, 3(4+,'9A.7 3(8 *& 3(8'7896(< +)7'7869786( 67 7*', 4,87), )7:&.,) 67 4(6(
45* 3(4+.7'( > ),39(8,. 4,'7)9,* > 3&7*'9(87* 4&> 69;7)*,*< +)(3&),86( &8 47B() > 7@93,G
67*,))(..( 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7* > )7@()G,86( .,* :,),8'E,* 67 ,397)'( 78 .,*
)7*(.&39(87* 67 @(86(.
LIBRO PRIMERO
DISPOSICIONES GENERALES
TITULO PRIMERO
JURISDICCIÓN Y COMPETENCIA
ART5CULO 8=-4 PRESUPUESTOS JUE AFECTAN AL ÓRGANO
JURISDICIONAL-
E# cnci/i"n' %" (n #i'i.i +(n%$% "n %"r"c& pri,$%; !" $'ri1(ir> $# )(7.$%
'ri1(n$# :(" p!"$ )(ri!%icci0n; c/p"'"nci$ ci,i# ."n<ric$; c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$;
+(ncin$# * '"rri'ri$# *; "n !( c$!; !"$ %"!i.n$% cn+r/" $ #$! nr/$! %" r"p$r' %"
c$!!-
Co)etario*
E. L7:9*.,6() 74+7G= 7. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC 3(8 ., J&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839,<
)73(8(39786( 67 7*, 4,87), ., :),8 94+()',839, ?&7 '97878 ,4A,* @9:&),*. S9 7F9*'7 678')(
67. D7)73C( P)(37*,. C9;9. ,.:( 45* 94+()',8'7 ?&7 ., B&)9*69339=8 > ., 3(4+7'7839, 7*
69*3&'9A.7.J L, B&)9*69339=8 7* ;9',.478'7 94+()',8'7< , ',. :),6( ?&7 ., 8&7;, 7',+, C9*'=)93,
67. D7)73C( P)(37*,. '97867 , 3,4A9,) *& 8(4A)7 +() 7. 67 D7)73C( J&)9*69339(8,.. L,
B&)9*69339=8 > ., 3(4+7'7839, *(8 .(* +)9839+,.7* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7* )7.,'9;(* ,. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,..
3-4 J(ri!%icci0n-
E* ., @&839=8 67. E*',6( ?&7 *7 67*,))(.., 78 7. +)(37*( , '),;D* 67 .(* =):,8(*
B&)9*69339(8,.7*< 98'7:),6(* +() B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(*< 9867+786978'7*< 98,4(;9A.7*<
)7*+(8*,A.7* > *(47'96(* K893,478'7 , ., C(8*'9'&39=8 > ,. 94+7)9( 67 ., .7>.J D93C, @&839=8
3(8*9*'7 78 B&G:,) > 7B73&',) .( B&G:,6(. D7 7*', 67@98939=8 +(674(* 6739) ?&7
78B&939,4978'(< 673.,),39=8 > 7B73&39=8 *(8 .(* ')7* 3(8'7896(* 7*7839,.7* 67 ., @&839=8
B&)9*69339(8,.< 783,498,6(* , '&'7.,) > )7,.9G,) 7. 67)73C( (AB7'9;(< 4769,8'7 ., ,+.93,39=8 67
., 8()4, :787),. ,. 3,*( 3(83)7'(.J
8-4 C#$!"! %" J(ri!%icci0n-
L, B&)9*69339=8 ()698,)9, *7 )7@97)7 ,. 3(8B&8'( 67 =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* , .(* ?&7 *7 .7*
,')9A&>7 7. 3(8(394978'( > )7*(.&39=8 67 ., :787),.96,6 67 .(* 3(8@.93'(* ?&7 +&76,8 *&):9)
78 7. 54A9'( 67. 67)73C(.
• L, B&)9*69339=8 7*+739,. 7* 7. 3(8B&8'( 67 =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 3(8*'9'&96(* +,),
3(8(37) > )7*(.;7) +)(37*(* 3(837)8978'7* , 4,'7)9,* ( *&B7'(* 7*+73E@93(*. E8
3$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
H(86&),* *=.( 7F9*'7 &8, B&)9*69339=8 7*+739,. ?&7 7* ., B&)9*69339=8 ( @&7)( 49.9',)M
'(6(* .(* 49.9',)7* *(8 .(* *&B7'(* 7*+73E@93(* *(47'96(* , ., B&)9*69339=8 7*+739,..
• E8 3&,8'( , ., B&)9*69339=8 ()698,)9,< 78 H(86&),* '7874(* 678')( 67 7.., 3&,')(
=)6787* B&)9*69339(8,.7*< 67'7)498,6(* 78 @&839=8 , .,* 69*'98',* ),4,* 67. 67)73C(
(AB7'9;( > 7*',* *(8L O)678 39;9.< O)678 +78,.< O)678 .,A(),. > O)678 3(8'7839(*(
,64989*'),'9;(. A 7*'(* 3&,')( =)6787* +(674(* ,:)7:,) &8, 45*< 7. O)678
C(8*'9'&39(8,..
D78')( 67 ., B&)9*69339=8 39;9. *7 ,649'7 &8, *&A69;9*9=8< ., 3(8'7839(*, > ., 8( 3(8'7839(*,<
..,4,6, ',4A9D8 7*', K.'94, B&)9*69339=8 ;(.&8',)9,. E. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. 67 787)( 67.
2007 *=.( 3(8'74+., )7:&.,) .( )7.,'9;( , ., B&)9*69339=8 3(8'7839(*,< 67B,86( +,), &8,
)7:&.,39=8 .7:,. +(*'7)9() .(* ,3'(* 67 B&)9*69339=8 ;(.&8',)9,< +7)( 4978'),* *7 749'7 7*',
.7>< 693C(* ,3'(* *7:&9)58 *9786( )7:&.,6(* +() 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06
%,)'E3&.( $1$ 67. CPC/.J N( C,> ?&7 98'7)+)7',) 78'(837* .( 69*+&7*'( 78 7. 8&47),. 4 67.
,)'E3&.( 36 67. CPC<?&7 6937 '7F'&,.478'7 HE8 .(* +)(37*(* *(A)7 3&7*'9(87* C7)769',)9,*
*7)5 3(4+7'78'7 7. B&G:,6( 67. .&:,) 78 ?&7 7. 3,&*,8'7 '&;( *& K.'94( 6(4939.9( > *9 .(
C&A97)7 '7896( 78 +,E* 7F'),8B7)(< 7. 67. .&:,) 67 *& K.'94( 6(4939.9( 78 H(86&),*< (< 78
,4A(* 3,*(*< 6(867 7*'&;97)7 ., 4,>() +,)'7 67 *&* A9787* , 7.7339=8 67. 674,86,8'7I 78 7.
*78'96( 67 ?&7 *E *7 )7:&.,8 .,* 3&7*'9(87* 8( 3(8'7839(*,* 78 7. CPC< >, ?&7 .,* 3&7*'9(87*
C7)769',)9,*< *,.;( ?&7 C,>, (+(*939=8< *(8 67 B&)9*69339=8 ;(.&8',)9,.J E8 3(8*73&7839, 67 .(
,8'7)9()478'7 7F+&7*'(< .(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7* *7:&9)58 3(8(39786( 67 .(* ,*&8'(*
C7)769',)9(*< +7)( )7:&.,6(* +() 7. C=69:( 67 +)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06 C,*', ?&7 *7
+)(4&.:&7 &8, 8&7;, .7> ?&7 )7:&.7 693C(* ,*&8'(*< +7)( *& 3(4+7'7839, >, 8( *7 )7:9)5 +()
.,* 69*+(*939(87* 67 ., LOAT< *98( ?&7 +() .,* 67. CPC.
3.J C/p"'"nci$ )(%ici$#
P(674(* 67@989)., 3(4( ., ,')9A&39=8 .7:E'94, , &8 =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. +,), 7.
3(8(394978'( 67 &8 ,*&8'(. J&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839, 8( *(8 3(837+'(* *98=894(* > *&7.78
*7) 3(8@&8696(*. P,), '787) &8, 967, 45* 3.,), 67 ., 69*'9839=8 78')7 ,4A,*< +(674(* 6739)
?&7 ., B&)9*69339=8 7* 7. +(67) 67. J&7G > ., 3(4+7'7839, 7* ., ,+'9'&6 67. B&7G +,), 7B7)37)
7*7 +(67).
T(6( B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,.< +() 7. C73C( 67 *7).( '9787 B&)9*69339=8. L( ?&7 ;9787 , 67'7)498,)
7. ?&7 3(8(G3, 67 &8 ,*&8'( 3(83)7'( 7*L 78 +)947) .&:,) 7. ()678 67 ., B&)9*69339=8 , ?&7
+7)'787G3,M 78 *7:&86( .&:,) ;97878 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., 3(4+7'7839,< ?&7 *(8 .,* ?&7
67'7)498,8 7. 3(8(394978'( ?&7 ;, , '787) &8 B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. *(A)7 &8 ,*&8'( 3(8
+)7@7)7839, , (')(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7* 67. 49*4( ()678 > :),6(.
E8 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. ., 3(4+7'7839, ;9787 67'7)498,6, +() &8,* 8()4,*< .,* ?&7
+7)49'78 67'7)498,) ,. J&7G ( T)9A&8,. 9869;96&,.9G,6(< ?&7 678')( 67. ()678 J&)9*69339(8,.
39;9. 67A, 3(8(37) 67 &8 ,*&8'( 3(83)7'(. P() 7*( 7* +)739*( 3(8(37) .,* 69*'98',* 3.,*7* 67
3(4+7'7839,L ., OAB7'9;,M ., T7))9'()9,. > ., 1&839(8,.< .,* ?&7 67@989)74(* 78 3,6, &8( 67
.(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. CPC , .,* ?&7 *7 C,37 )7@7)7839,.
4.JNr/$! %" r"p$r'
E. CPC ('():, ., +('7*',6 )7:.,478',)9, , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< +,), ?&7 749', &8
)7:.,478'( ?&7 3(8'78:, .,* 8()4,* 67 )7+,)'( 67 .(* ,*&8'(* 39;9.7* 78')7 =):,8(*
40
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
B&)9*69339(8,.7* 67. 49*4( ()678 > :),6( > 3(8 ., 49*4, 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.. %A)'*. 40.2
> 43 CPC/.
E8 E*+,-,< .,* 8()4,* 67 )7+,)'( *(8 ,+.93,6,* +() 7. B&7G D73,8( 78 .( 39;9.< ?&7 7* 7.
783,):,6( 67. )7+,)'( 67 ,*&8'(* 39;9.7* 78 .(* B&G:,6(* 3(8 ., 49*4, 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,
> '7))9'()9,. 67 &8, 49*4, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 '7))9'()9,.. E. (AB7'9;( ?&7 +7)*9:&78 7*',* 8()4,*
67 )7+,)'( 7* 6(A.7< +() &8 .,6(< ?&7 7F9*', &8, 49*4, 3,):, +)(37*,. +,), .(* 69*'98'(*
B&737* > +() (')(< ?&7 .(* .9'9:,8'7* 8( ,3&6,8 , +)7*78',) *& 674,86, ,8'7 ,?&D. B&7G ?&7 .7
47)737 4,>()7* *94+,'E,*. E8 H(86&),* *7 3)7,)5 &8, O@9398, 378'),. 78 3,6,
D7+,)',478'(< ., ?&7 7*',)5 783,):,6, 67 )739A9) .,* 674,86,* +,), 69*')9A&9).,* 78')7 .(*
B&737* 39;9.7* 67 ., 49*4, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,. > .( C,)5 3(8@()47 , .( ?&7 69*+(8:,8 .,*
8()4,* )7:.,478',)9,* 67. )7+,)'( 67 ,*&8'(*.
CAP5TULO I-
EMTENSIÓN Y L5MITES DE LOS ÓRGANOS JURISDICCIONALES
CIVILES-
ART5CULO 8@-4 EMTENSIÓN Y L5MITES DEL ÓRGANO JURISDICCIONAL
CIVIL-
3- L$ )(ri!%icci0n "n "# >/1i' ci,i# !# p%r> !"r ")"rci%$ pr #! 0r.$n! %"# P%"r
J(%ici$#- L$ "?'"n!i0n * #2/i'"! %" #$ )(ri!%icci0n %" #! 'ri1(n$#"! ci,i#"!; !"
%"'"r/in$r>n pr # %i!p("!' "n #$ L"* Or.>nic$ %"# P%"r J(%ici$# * "n #!
'r$'$%! * cn,"ni! in'"rn$cin$#"! "n #! :(" Hn%(r$! !"$ p$r'"-
8- L! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! ci,i#"! !" $1!'"n%r>n %" cnc"r %" #! $!(n'! :(" !"
#"! !/"'$n c($n% cnc(rr$ "n "##! $#.(n$ %" #$! circ(n!'$nci$! !i.(i"n'"!:
$) S" &$*$ in'"rp("!' %"/$n%$ !#ici'$% ")"c(ci0n r"!p"c' %" !()"'! 1i"n"!
:(" .c"n %" in/(ni%$% %" )(ri!%icci0n %" ")"c(ci0n cn+r/" $ #$! nr/$! %"#
D"r"c& In'"rn$cin$# P91#ic-
1) En ,ir'(% %" (n 'r$'$% cn,"ni in'"rn$cin$# "n "# :(" Hn%(r$! !"$ p$r'";
"# $!(n' !" "nc("n'r" $'ri1(i% cn c$r>c'"r "?c#(!i, $ #$ )(ri!%icci0n %" 'r
E!'$%-
c) N c/p$r"7c$ "# %"/$n%$% "/p#$7$% "n %"1i%$ +r/$; "n #! c$!! "n :(" #$
c/p"'"nci$ in'"rn$cin$# %" #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! &n%(r"D! 9nic$/"n'"
p(%i"r$ +(n%$r!" "n #$ !(/i!i0n '>ci'$ %" #$! p$r'"!-
%) E?i!'$ cn,"ni c#>(!(#$ ,>#i%$ %" !/"'i/i"n' %"# cn+#ic' $ $r1i'r$)"-
41
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( )73(8(37 78 +)947) .&:,) ?&7 ., @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,. ., 7B7)378 78
7F3.&*9;96,6 .(* =):,8(* 67. +(67) B&6939,.< .( ?&7 ;, 78 3(8*(8,839, 3(8 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 303 >
304 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,.
L, 7F'78*9=8 > .E49'7* 67 ., B&)9*69339=8 39;9. ;786)58 67'7)498,6(* +() .( ?&7 69*+(8:, .,
L7> O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,.< > +() .(* '),',6(* > 3(8;789(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7* 78 .(* ?&7
H(86&),* *7, +,)'7. A-,67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 24 3&,')( 3,*(* 78 .(* ?&7 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 39;9.7*
C(86&)7-(* *7 67A7)58 67 ,A*'787) 78 7. 3(8(394978'( 3&,86( 78 7..(* 3(83&)), ,.:&8, 67
.,* 3&,')( 39)3&8*',839,* ?&7 ,..E *7 7*',A.7378.
• E. +)947)( 67 7..(* *7 )7@97)7 , ., 984&896,6 67 B&)9*69339=8 > 7B73&39=8 67 ?&7
:(G,8 ,.:&8(* A9787* > *&B7'(*.J E8 7*'7 *78'96(< 7. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. 7*+,-(.
*7 C, +)(8&839,6( *(A)7 7*7 +&8'( 78 ;,)9,* *78'7839,*< 78')7 ., ?&7 +(674(* 39',) .,
TC P.78( S 2"J0$J1$$5 %1$$5W44$2/L L, *(.939',8'7 67 ,4+,)( 674,86= ,. 98?&9.98(
67 &8 984&7A.7 67 *& +)(+976,6 V A:78'7 D9+.(45'93(J< ,8'7 *& 87:,'9;, 67
*,'9*@,37) .( 67A96(< +)(*+7),86( ., 7F37+39=8 67 984&896,6 67 B&)9*69339=8 39;9.
(+&7*',.J D73.,), 7. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. ?&7 H.(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* C,8
*7.7339(8,6( 7 98'7)+)7',6(< 67 @()4, ),G(8,A.7 > 8( ,)A9'),)9,< 7. +)737+'( .7:,.
,+.93,A.7 ,. 3,*( V,)'.31.1 67. C(8;789( 67 V978, 67 1$61J< ..7:,86( , ., 3(83.&*9=8
67 ?&7 ., 984&896,6 67. A:78'7 D9+.(45'93( 67 ., B&)9*69339=8 39;9. 67 .(* B&G:,6(*
> ')9A&8,.7* 7*+,-(.7*< 78 3&,8'( , (A*'53&.( ( .E49'7 67. ,337*( , ., B&)9*69339=8
98'7)8,< 7* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.478'7 .7:E'94,I.
• E. *7:&86( 67 7..(* *7 )7@97)7 , ,A*'787)*7 67 3(8(37) 67 &8 ,*&8'( ?&7< 78 ;9)'&6 67
&8 '),',6( ( 3(8;789( 98'7)8,39(8,. *&*3)9'( +() H(86&),*< 7*'D ,')9A&96( 3(8
3,)53'7) 7F3.&*9;( , ., B&)9*69339=8 67 (')( E*',6(M +() 7B74+.(< 78 7. C=69:( 67
B&*',4,8'7< 78 *& ,)'E3&.( 31" *7 7*',A.737 ?&7 *7)5 78 +)947) 'D)498( B&7G
3(4+7'78'7 +,), 3(8(37) 67 .(* +.79'(* , ?&7 6D ()9:78 7. 7B7)3939( 67 .,* ,339(87*
39;9.7* > 47)3,8'9.7* 67 '(6, 3.,*7< ,?&7. , ?&978 .(* .9'9:,8'7* *7 *(47',8 7F+)7*, (
'539',478'7< *974+)7 ?&7 &8( 67 7..(* +() .( 478(* *7, 8,39(8,. 67. E*',6(
3(8'),',8'7 , ?&7 7. B&7G +7)'787G3, ( '78:, 78 D. *& 6(4939.9( > *,.;( 7. 67)73C(
.(3,. 3(8'),)9(. L, *&49*9=8 8( *7)5 +(*9A.7 +,), .,* ,339(87* )7,.7* ( 49F',* *(A)7
A9787* 984&7A.7*< *9 ., +)(CEA7 ., .7> 67 *& *9'&,39=8.J
• E. '7)37)( 67 7..(*< 8( 3(4+,)7G3, 7. 674,86,6( 74+.,G,6( 78 67A96, @()4,< 78 .(*
3,*(* 78 ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 98'7)8,39(8,. 67 .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7*
C(86&)7-(* K893,478'7 +&697), @&86,)*7 78 ., *&49*9=8 '539', 67 .,* +,)'7*.
I:&,.478'7 .7 7* ,+.93,A.7 7. C=69:( B&*',4,8'7L A)'. 322. S7 78'7867)5 C73C, .,
*&49*9=8 '539', +() 7. 674,86,8'7 3(8 7. C73C( 67 ,3&69) ,. B&7G 98'7)+(89786( .,
674,86,< > +() 7. 674,86,6( 3(8 7. C73C( 67 +),3'93,)< 67*+&D* 67 +7)*(8,6( 78 7.
B&939(< 3&,.?&97) :7*'9=8 ?&7 8( *7, +)(+(87) 78 @()4, ., 673.98,'()9,. N( *7
78'7867)5 ?&7 C,> *&49*9=8 '539', *9 7. +)(37694978'( *7 *9:&97), 78 )7A7.6E,.
• P() K.'94(< ., 3&,)', 39)3&8*',839, +() ., 3&,. .(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7* C(86&)7-(*
67A7)58 67 ,A*'787)*7 67. 3(8(394978'(< 7* 3&,86( 7F9*', 3(8;789( ( 3.5&*&., ;5.96,
67 *(47'94978'( 67. 3(8@.93'( , ,)A9'),B7.J E8 7*'(* 3,*(*< 3&,86( 7. B&G:,6( (
')9A&8,. '78:, 3(8(394978'(< 3(8 .(* 6(3&478'(* ?&7 (A),8 78 7. 7F+76978'7< ?&7
7F9*'7 &8 3(8;789( ( *7 C,>, 7*'9+&.,6( 78 &8 3(8'),'( 78')7 .,* +,)'7*< ?&7 78 3,*(
42
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67 3(8@.93'(* 67)9;,6(* 67. 3&4+.94978'( ( ;,.967G 67 7*7 3(8'),'(< *7 *(47'7)58
+,), *& *(.&39=8 , ., 6739*9=8 67 &8 5)A9')(< *7 ,A*'786)5 67. 3(8(394978'( 67 .,
674,86, > *(A)7*77)5 .,* 69.9:7839,*.
ART5CULO 8B-4 ABSTENCIÓN DE LOS TRIBUNALES CIVILES- APRECIACIÓN
DE OFICIO-
3- C($n% (n 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# ci,i# "!'i/" :(" "# $!(n' :(" !" #" !/"'"
crr"!pn%" $ 'r$ )(ri!%icci0n r%in$ri$; !" $1!'"n%r> %" cnc"r %"# /i!/-
8- L$ $1!'"nci0n $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "!'" $r'2c(# !" $cr%$r> %" +ici; cn $(%i"nci$ %"
#$ p$r'" p"r!n$%$ * %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic; '$n prn' c/ !"$ $%,"r'i%$ #$ +$#'$
%" )(ri!%icci0n-
Co)etario*
C(4( .( 7F+&*94(* ,8'7)9()478'7< 78 3&,8'( , ., B&)9*69339=8 ()698,)9,< 7F9*'78 78 H(86&),*
3&,')( =)6787* B&)9*69339(8,.7*L P78,.< 39;9.< .,A(),. > 3(8'7839(*( ,64989*'),'9;( > 3,6,
B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 7B7)37 ., B&)9*69339=8 ?&7 .7 @&7 ('():,6,< 78 3(8*73&7839,< *9 78 &8
B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 67 .( 39;9. 7* +)7*78',6, &8, 674,86, 3&>( 3(8(394978'( +() ),G(87* 67
B&)9*69339=8 7*'5 ,')9A&96( *& 3(8(394978'( , (')( =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< >, *7, +78,.< .,A(),.
( 3(8'7839(*( ,64989*'),'9;(< 984769,',478'7 *7-,.,)5 67 (@939( &8, ,&697839, , ., +,)'7
+7)*(8,6, > ,. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( > +)(3767)5 , ,A*'787)*7 67. 3(8(394978'(< 693',86(
+)(;967839, +,), ',. 7@73'(.J C(4( +(674(* ,+)739,)< *7 )7*+7', 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,&697839, >
+() .( ',8'(< ,&8 +)(3769786( 67 (@939(< 7. ')9A&8,. 39;9.< ,8'7* 67 +)(3767) , ,A*'787)*7 67.
3(8(394978'( 67 &8, 674,86,< ,&8?&7 *7, 7;9678'7 ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 &8, ,339=8 .,A(),.<
67A7)5 7*3&3C,) , ., +,)'7 ( +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,* > ,. M989*'7)9( PKA.93(.
ART5CULO 8C-4 DENUNCIA POR DECLINATORIA-
E# %"/$n%$% p%r> %"n(nci$r /"%i$n'" %"c#in$'ri$ #$ +$#'$ %" )(ri!%icci0n pr
p"r'"n"c"r "# $!(n' $ 'r r%"n )(ri!%iccin$# in'"rn$cin$# n$cin$#; pr &$1"r!"
!/"'i% $ $r1i'r$)" #$ cn'r,"r!i$-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 8( 47)737 4,>()7* 3(478',)9(*< 6,6, ., 3.,)96,6 67 *& 3(8'7896( K893,478'7
,67.,8',) &8 +(3( .( ?&7 *7 '),',)5 67'7896,478'7 3&,86( *7 3(478'78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. 44 ,.
47 67. +)7*78'7 3=69:(< ?&7 )7:&.,8 .( )7@7)78'7 , ., @9:&), 67 ., 673.98,'()9,.
L, 3&7*'9=8 67 3(4+7'7839, *=.( ., +&767 98'7)+(87) 7. 674,86,6( > .(* ?&7 +&76,8 *7)
+,)'7 .7:E'94, 78 7. B&939( +)(4(;96( > ?&7 3(8*9*'7 78 '),',) 67 ,+,)',) ,. B&7G 67.
3(8(394978'( 67 &8, 674,86, 3(83)7', +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 3,)737 67 B&)9*69339=8 ()698,)9, (
98'7)8,39(8,.< ( +()?&7 3,)737 67 3(4+7'7839, 67 3&,.?&97) '9+(< 983.&>786( 7. 67 C,A7)*7
*(47'96( , ,)A9'),B7 ., 3(8')(;7)*9, *&):96, 78')7 .,* +,)'7*.
43
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
CAP5TULO II-
NORMAS SOBRE FIJACIÓN DE LA
COMPETENCIA-
ART5CULO 8E-4 JUE6 NATURAL-
P$r$ :(" #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! ci,i#"! '"n.$n c/p"'"nci$ "n c$%$ c$!; !"
r":(i"r" :(" "# cnci/i"n' %"# p#"i' #"! "!'< $'ri1(i% pr nr/$! cn r$n. %" #"*
,i."n'"! cn $n'"riri%$% $ #$ inc$ci0n %" #$! $c'($cin"! %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
Co)etario*
L.,4, ., ,'7839=8 ?&7 7. .7:9*.,6() C,>, +&7*'( 3(4( 'E'&.( , 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( *(A)7 7. J&7G
N,'&),.< +() ., 8(;76,6 67 ., 49*4,. P7)( +() ., 49*4, ),G=8 67A74(* ,3.,),) ?&D *9:89@93,
7*'( 67 B&7G 8,'&),.< >, ?&7 693C( 'D)498( 7* 3)7,39=8 67. +)(37*( +78,.< 78 6(867 '9787 7.
*9:89@93,6( *9:&978'7L ., :,),8'E, ?&7 +(*77 '(6, +7)*(8, , *7) B&G:,6, +() &8 ')9A&8,.
3(8*'9'&96( 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6 , ., (3&))7839, 67. C73C( 67.93'&,.. E8 A,*7 , 7*', 67@98939=8 >
,+.93586(., ,. 54A9'( 39;9.< +(674(* 6739) ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 .(* =):,8(*
B&)9*69339(8,.7* 39;9.7* *(.,478'7 *7)5 )73(8(396, *9 *& 3)7,39=8 3(4( ',. =):,8( 7* ,8'7)9()
, ., 98'7)+(*939=8 67 ., 674,86,.
S7 3(8'),+(87 7*', @9:&), ,. B&7G ,6 C(3< >, ?&7 +() 67@98939=8< ., @9:&), 67. B&7G 8,'&),.
*&+(87 ?&7 7. 8(4A),4978'( 67. B&7G< 7. ('():,4978'( > @9B,39=8 67 *& B&)9*69339=8 > .,*
3.,*7* 67 3(4+7'7839, 67A78 C,A7)*7 7@73'&,6( 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6 ,. +.79'( 67. ?&7 ;, ,
3(8(37). P(674(* 6739) ?&7 7* &8 67)73C( @&86,478',. )73(8(396( 78 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 .,
R7+KA.93, 78 ;,)9(* 67 *&* ,)'E3&.(*M +,), 47839(8,) &8( 67 7..(*< 7. $0 3(8*'9'&39(8,. ?&7
7*',A.737 ?&7 8,697 +&767 *7) B&G:,6( *98( +() B&7G ( ')9A&8,. 3(4+7'78'7 3(8 .,*
@()4,.96,67*< 67)73C(* > :,),8'E,* ?&7 ., L7> 7*',A.737.
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 8( 67A7)E, C,A7) 7F3.&96( 7. 3,*( 78 ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 67. B&7G +,), 3(8(37)
67 67'7)498,6( ,*&8'( ;78:, @9B,6( ',4A9D8 +() .,* 8()4,* 67 )7+,)'(< >, ?&7 ,*E 3(4( 7*'5
)76,3',6( *7 7F9:7 ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, > 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. +.79'( ;78:, ,')9A&96( +()
8()4,* 3(8 ),8:( 67 .7>< > .,* 8()4,* 67 )7+,)'( *(8 67 3,)53'7) )7:.,478',)9(< ,K8 3&,86(
',4A9D8 ,')9A&>7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 78 3,6, 3,*( > 67A78 67 7*',) +)767'7)498,6,*.
ART5CULO 8F-4 COMPETENCIA GENNRICA-
Crr"!pn%" $ #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! ci,i#"! "# cnci/i"n' %" '%! $:("##!
#i'i.i! +(n%$%! "n "# %"r"c& pri,$% :(" n "!'<n $'ri1(i%! pr #$ #"* $ 'r!
0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"!; $!2 c/ %" $:("##! 'r! :(" #$! #"*"! #"! $'ri1(*$n
"?pr"!$/"n'"-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 67@987 .( ?&7 *9:89@93, H3(4+7'7839, :78D)93,I< 7?&9+,)586(., 3(8 7. 3(837+'(
67 B&)9*69339=8. E@73'9;,478'7< '(6( .9'9:9( ?&7 67)9;7 67 &8 67)73C( +)9;,6( > ?&7 8( 7*'D
,')9A&96( +() ., .7> , (')(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* ?&7 8( *7,8 .(* 39;9.7*< *7)58 67.
3(8(394978'( 67 .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7* 3(8 B&)9*69339=8 78 .( 39;9..JI:&,.478'7 +(6)58
44
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(8(37) .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 39;9.7* 67 ,*&8'(* ?&7 8( +7)'787G3,8 , ., B&)9*69339=8
39;9.< +7)( ?&7 ., .7> ()6787 ?&7 67A78 *7) 7..(* .(* ?&7 67A78 3(8(37). P() 7B74+.(< ;,)9(*
,*&8'(* ,:),)9(*< *(8 3(8(396(* +() .(* B&G:,6(* 67 .( 39;9. +() 4,86,'( 7F+)7*( 67 ., L7>
67 R7@()4, A:),)9,.
SECCION 3O
COMPETENCIA OBJETIVA-
ART5CULO 8H-4 COMPETENCIA BLSICA-
3- Crr"!pn%" $ #! J(7.$%! %" L"'r$! "# cnci/i"n' "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$; %"
'%! #! $!(n'! ci,i#"! :(" pr %i!p!ici0n #".$# "?pr"!$ n !" &$##"n $'ri1(i%! $
'r! 'ri1(n$#"!- Cnc"r>n; $!i/i!/; %ic&! J(7.$%! %" #! $!(n'!; $c'!;
c("!'in"! * r"c(r!! :(" #"! $'ri1(*" #$ L"* Or.>nic$ %"# P%"r J(%ici$#-
8- Crr"!pn%" $ #! J(7.$%! %" P$7 "# cnci/i"n'; "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$; %" #!
$!(n'! ci,i#"! c(*$ c($n'2$ n "?c"%$ %" Cinc("n'$ Mi# L"/pir$! KL BI;III-II) *
:(" n ,"n.$n $'ri1(i%! pr "!'$ L"* $ #! J(7.$%! %" L"'r$!-

Co)etario*
L, 3(4+7'7839, A5*93,< ',. > 3(4( 7*'5 3(837A96, 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( ;9787 , *7) ., 49*4,
3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,. L, 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 7* ,?&7.., ?&7 ,'7869786( ,. (AB7'( 67.
+)(37*(< +7)49'7 67'7)498,) ?&D '9+( 67 J&7G ( T)9A&8,.< 678')( 67 .(* 69;7)*(* ?&7 7F9*'78
67A78 3(8(37) 67 &8 ,*&8'( 78 +)947), 98*',839,< 78'7869786( +() (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< , 7*'(*
7@73'(*< 78 7. ()678 39;9.< ',8'( ., 3&,8'E, 3(4( ., 4,'7)9, ( 8,'&),.7G, 67 ., +)7'78*9=8
7B7)39',6,.J E8 3,*( 67 3(8@.93'(< ., 4,'7)9, *974+)7 +)94, *(A)7 3&,.?&97) (')(<
3(8*967)586(*7 +() ',8'(< 78 *& 67@73'(< ., 3&,8'E, ( ;,.() 73(8=493( 67. A978 .9'9:9(*( ?&7
7. 674,86,8'7 )73.,47 78 *& 674,86,.
A. 7*',A.737) 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 78 *& +5)),@( &8( ?&7 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 .7'),* 3(8(37)58 78 +)947),
98*',839, 67 '(6(* .(* ,*&8'(* 39;9.7* ?&7 +() 69*+(*939=8 7F+)7*, 67 ., .7> 8( *7 ,')9A&>,8 ,
(')(* ')9A&8,.7*< 7@73'9;,478'7 .7 7*'5 @9B,86( *& 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,.J E8 7. +5)),@( 6(*
@9B, ., 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 +,G.
ART5CULO =I-4 ESPECIALI6ACIÓN-
A $#.(n! J(7.$%! %" L"'r$! p%r> $'ri1(2r!"#"! "n "?c#(!i,$ pr #$ #"* "#
cnci/i"n' "!p"c2+ic %" %"'"r/in$%! $!(n'!; c/ %" +$/i#i$ /"rc$n'i#"!- L$
Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ %ic'$r> #! r".#$/"n'! crr"!pn%i"n'"!; :(" r"!p"'$r>n "#
principi cn!'i'(cin$# %"# )("7 n$'(r$#-
Co)etario*
L, 967, ?&7 ?&97)7 67*,))(..,) 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7* ., *9:&978'7 > 7* , .( ?&7 *7 .7 +(6)E, ..,4,)
3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 7*+73E@93,L S9 78 ,.:&8, +,)'7 67. '7))9'()9( 67 ., )7+KA.93,< 78 6(867
7F9*',8 B&G:,6(* 67 .( 39;9.< 3(8 ., 49*4, 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, > '7))9'()9,.< 67A7)58
45
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,+,)',)*7 67. 3(8(394978'(< 67 .(* ,*&8'(* 67 @,49.9,< 47)3,8'9.7* ( 67 98?&9.98,'(< +7)(
*(.,478'7 +,), .(* 3,*(* 8&7;(*< *9 78 7*, +,)'7 67. '7))9'()9( *7 C,8 3)7,6( B&G:,6(*
7*+739,.7* +,), 7. 3(8(394978'( 67 7*(* ,*&8'(*. I83.&*( 8( 7* 8737*,)9( ?&7 *7,8 B&G:,6(*
67 8&7;, 3)7,39=8 7*'(* , .(* ?&7 ..,4,4(* 7*+739,.7*M A,*',)E, ?&7 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67
J&*'939, 6739697), ;E, )7:.,478'( ?&7 67'7)498,6( B&G:,6( 67 7*7 '7))9'()9( ;, , 3(8(37) 67
&8( ( ;,)9(* 67 7*(* ,*&8'(*. A. +7)49'9).7 ., .7> , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, 3)7,) .(*
)7:.,478'(* +,), ,')9A&9) , 67'7)498,6(* B&G:,6(* 7. 3(8(394978'( 7*+73E@93( 67 7*'(*
,*&8'(*< 7* 3(8 ., 3(86939=8 67 ?&7 *7 )7*+7'7 7. +)9839+9( @&86,478',. 67. B&7G 8,'&),.M 7*
6739)< ?&7 '(6(* .(* ,*&8'(* 67 @,49.9,< 47)3,8'9.7* ( 67 98?&9.98,'( ( 67 ')58*9'( +()
7B74+.(< ?&7 7*'&;97)7 3(8(39786( &8 B&G:,6( 3(8 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, > '7))9'()9,.< 8( *7
+(6)5 ,+,)',) 67 *& 3(8(394978'( C,*', @98,.9G,) .(* 49*4(*< ,&8?&7 +(*'7)9()478'7 *7 .7
,')9A&>, , (')( B&G:,6( ., 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 7*+73E@93, 67 7*(* ,*&8'(*.
ART5CULO =3-4 FALTA DE COMPETENCIA OBJETIVA-
3- L$ +$#'$ %" c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ !" $pr"ci$r> %" +ici; '$n prn' c/ !"
$%,i"r'$; pr "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :(" "!'< cnci"n% %"# $!(n'-
8- C($n% "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :(" cn7c$ %"# $!(n' "n !".(n%$ in!'$nci$ "n
'r>/i'" %" r"c(r! "?'r$r%in$ri %" c$!$ci0n; ##".(" $ #$ cnc#(!i0n :(" "#
)(7.$% $n'" "# :(" !" !i.(i0 #$ pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ c$r"c2$ %" c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$;
%"cr"'$r> #$ n(#i%$% %" '% # $c'($%; %")$n% $ !$#, "# %"r"c& %" #$! p$r'"! $
")"rci'$r !(! pr"'"n!in"! $n'" "# )(7.$% :(" crr"!pn%$-
=- En #! c$!! $ :(" !" r"+i"r"n #! n(/"r$#"! $n'"rir"!; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#;
$n'"! %" r"!#,"r; ir> $ #$! p$r'"! * $# Mini!'"ri P91#ic "n (n$ $(%i"nci$ :(" !"
c"#"1r$r> "n (n p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!-
@- E# $(' :(" %"c#$r" #$ +$#'$ %" c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ in%ic$r> "# 0r.$n
)(ri!%iccin$# $# :(" crr"!pn%" "# cnci/i"n' %"# $!(n'-
B- E# %"/$n%$% p%r> p#$n'"$r #$ +$#'$ %" c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ /"%i$n'" #$
%"c#in$'ri$.
Co)etario*
L( 45* )7.7;,8'7 7* 67*',3,) ?&7 *& ,+)739,39=8 7* 67 (@939( > ?&7 *7 C,37 ',8 +)(8'( 3(4(
*7 ,6;97)',. E. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 693',)5 +)(;967839, *7-,.,86( ,&697839, , .,* +,)'7*
+7)*(8,6,* > ,. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( 78 3,*( 67 @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,< ., ?&7 *7
37.7A),)5 78 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*.J R73()674(* ?&7 .,* ,&697839,* *7 *7-,.,8 3(8
98693,39=8 67 @73C,< 6E, > C(),< 78 3(8*73&7839,< 7. +.,G( 67 ?&7 ,?&E *7 C,A., 8( 7* +,), ?&7
678')( 67 7*7 +.,G( +&76,8 ,*9*'9) .,* +,)'7*< *98( ?&7 7. B&7G 67A7 *7-,.,) ., ,&697839, 78 6E,
> C(), 397)'(< +7)( 678')( 67 7*7 +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*.
L, ,+)739,39=8 67 (@939( 67 ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 8( 7* 7F3.&*9;, 67. =):,8( 67
+)947), 98*',839,. E. C73C( 67 ?&7 D*'7 8( C,>, 673.,),6( 67 (@939( *& @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839,
46
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
(AB7'9;,< 89 7. 674,86,6( ., C,>, ,.7:,6( 3(4( 3&7*'9=8 67 673.98,'()9,< > 3(4(
3(8*73&7839, 67 7*',* (49*9(87* *7 C,>, *7:&96( 7. +)(37*( C,*', 693',) ., *78'7839, 67
@(86(< 8( (A.9:, , .(* =):,8(* *&+7)9()7*< ,. ?&7 3(8(37 78 ,+7.,39=8 ( 78 7. )73&)*(
7F'),()698,)9( 67 3,*,39=8< , +)(8&839,)*7 *(A)7 7. @(86( 67. ,*&8'(< >, ?&7 984769,',478'7
?&7 3(8(G3,8 ?&7 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. ?&7 3(8(39= 67. ,*&8'( 78 +)947), 98*',839,
3,)73E, 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,< .( 673.,),)5 67 (@939( +)7;9, ,&697839, 67 .,* +,)'7* > 67.
M989*'7)9( PKA.93(< ., ?&7 67A7)5 37.7A),)*7 78 7. +.,G( 67 5 6E,*. A. 49*4( '974+( ?&7
673.,),8< 4769,8'7 ,&'(< ., 983(4+7'7839, 67. B&G:,6( 67 +)947), 98*',839,< 9:&,.478'7
673)7',)58 ., 8&.96,6 67 '(6( .( ,3'&,6( 7 98693,)58 , .,* +,)'7* 3&,. 7* 7. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. ,. ?&7 3())7*+(867 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. ,*&8'(.
C(4( 3()(.,)9( +(674(* 6739) ?&7 78 3&,8'( , ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, 67 &8 =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,.< D*', 8( *7 *&A*,8, 67 898:&8, 4,87),< 89 ,&8 3(8 7. *(47'94978'( '539'( (
7F+)7*( 67 .,* +,)'7* , ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 7*7 =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 3(83)7'(. %A)'. 3".2
CPC/.J
SECCION 8 O
COMPETENCIA FUNCIONAL-
ART5CULO =8-4 EMTENSIÓN-
E# 'ri1(n$# :(" '"n.$ c/p"'"nci$ p$r$ cnc"r %" (n p#"i'; #$ 'i"n" '$/1i<n p$r$
r"!#,"r !1r" !(! inci%"nci$!; p$r$ ##",$r $ "+"c' #$! pr,i%"nci$! * $('! :(" %ic'$r";
* p$r$ #$ ")"c(ci0n %" #$ !"n'"nci$ cn,"ni! * 'r$n!$ccin"! :(" $pr1$r"; !$#,
%i!p!ici0n #".$# "n 'r !"n'i%-
ART5CULO ==-4 APRECIACIÓN DE OFICIO-
3- N !"r>n $%/i'i%! $ 'r>/i'" #! r"c(r!! inci%"n'"! %iri.i%! $ (n 'ri1(n$# :("
c$r"7c$ %" c/p"'"nci$ +(ncin$# p$r$ cnc"r %" #! /i!/!-
8- E# "rrr %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# "n "# cn'"ni% %" #$ in+r/$ci0n !1r" #!
r"c(r!!; #$ $%/i!i0n incrr"c'$ %" (n r"c(r! pr 0r.$n +(ncin$#/"n'"
inc/p"'"n'"; 1!"r,$1#" %" +ici $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; n p"r)(%ic$r>n $#
r"c(rr"n'"-
Co)etario*
A8'7* 67 3(8'98&,) 3(8 7. 3(478',)9( , 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< 3(8;9787 6,) &8 3(837+'( 67 .( ?&7
*9:89@93, 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,.< >, ?&7 3(4( 4&3C,* @9:&),* ?&7 ,+,)7378 78 7. C=69:(
P)(37*,. C9;9. *(8< 67 )73978'7 ,+,)939=8 +)(;78978'7 67 ., 6(3')98, > B&)9*+)&67839,*
3(4+,),6,*.
P,), 7. B&)9*', 4imeno Sendra, H*7 78'97867 +() 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. .(* 3)9'7)9(* .7:,.7*
67 ,')9A&39=8 67. 3(8(394978'( 67. (AB7'( +)(37*,. 78 ,'7839=8 , .,* 69*'98',* @,*7* +)(37*,.7*
?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,8 67 '),8*3&))9) , @98 67 (A'787) ., '&'7., 7@73'9;, 67 *&* +)7'78*9(87*.J E*',*
47
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@,*7* +)(37*,.7* *(8 ')7*< , *,A7)L 1P.J ., @,*7 673.,),'9;,M 2P.J L, @,*7 67 94+&:8,39=8 > 3P.J
L, @,*7 67 7B73&39=8.J
L, 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. 7F9:7 +() .( ',8'( ., +7867839, 67 &8 +)(37*( +,), 67'7)498,) ,
?&D =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< 678')( 67 .(* 67 69*'98'( :),6( 67 &8 49*4( ()678 B&)9*69339(8,.<
.7 3())7*+(867 &8, @,*7 67'7)498,6, 67. +)(37*(. A. 7*',A.737) 7. CPC ., 3(4+7'7839,
@&839(8,.< .( C,37 67 &8, 4,87), 4&> 3.,),L E. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 3(8(37)5 @&839(8,.478'7
8( *=.( 67. +.79'( +)9839+,.< *98( ',4A9D8 67 '(6(* .(* 9839678'7* ?&7 78 7. +)(37*( *7
+)(4(;97)78M +,), )7*(.;7) *(A)7 .,* 7F37+39(87*< .,* )73(8;7839(87*< +,), ..7;,) , 7@73'(
'(6,* .,* +)(;967839,* > ,&'(* ?&7 D. 49*4( 693',)7< 983.&>786( ., 49*4, *78'7839, , '),;D*
67 *& 7B73&39=8< ,6745* 67 7B73&',) .(* 3(8;789(* > '),8*,339(87* ?&7 7. 49*4( ,+)(A,)7<
*,.;( ?&7 ., .7> 69*+&*97), ('), 3(*, %)7@. ,)'E3&.(* 747< 3"1< 66$ > "26 67. CPC/
A6745*< ., 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. 8(* 98693, ?&D =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. *7)5 7. 3(4+7'78'7
+,), 3(8(37) 67. 49*4( +)(37*( 78 ., *7:&86, 98*',839, > 3&,. *7)5 7. 3(4+7'78'7 +,),
3(8(37) 78 7. )73&)*( 67 3,*,39=8. D7 7*', 4,87),< +(674(* 3(83.&9) ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839,
@&839(8,. *9);7 ',4A9D8 +,), 7*',A.737) ., 3,678, B7)5)?&93, 67 3(8(394978'( 67 &8 49*4(
,*&8'( , '),;D* 67 ., *&*',839,39=8 67 .(* 4769(* 67 94+&:8,39=8 %)7@. ,)'E3&.(* 703< 706<
70$< 711< 712< 713< 717< 71"< 721< 723< 724 > 726 67. CPC 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , ., @9B,39=8
67 ., 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. +,), 673969) *(A)7 7. )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 > 7. 67 3,*,39=8.J
P(674(* 6739) *98 74A,):(< ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 ,. )73&)*( 67
,+7.,39=8 7*'5 3(4+,)'96, 78 *& *&*',839,39=8 78')7 7. =):,8( 67 +)947), 98*',839, > 7.
=):,8( 67 ., *7:&86, 98*',839,< >, ?&7 7. 49*4( =):,8( ?&7 693'= ., )7*(.&39=8 94+&:8,6,
3(8(37)5 67 ., 98'7)+(*939=8 67. )73&)*(< 67 ., 7F+)7*9=8 > 3(8'7*',39=8 67 ,:),;9(* > 67 .,
,6C7*9=8 ,. )73&)*(M > 7. *&+7)9() 984769,',478'7 B7)5)?&93( )7*(.;7)5 *(A)7 7. 49*4(<
,A)9786( 983.&*( , +)&7A,* +,), +)(A,) .(* ,:),;9(* 7F+)7*,6(*.J P() *& +,)'7< .,
3(4+7'7839, +,), *&*',839,) 7. )73&)*( 67 3,*,39=8 7* 9:&,.478'7 3(4+,)'96,< >, ?&7 *7
98'7)+(86)5 > @()4,.9G,)5 ,8'7 ., 3()'7 67 ,+7.,39(87* ?&7 C,>, 693',6( ., )7*(.&39=8
)73&))96, > *& ,649*9=8 > 6739*9=8 .7 3())7*+(867)5 , ., S,., 67 .( C9;9. 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74,
67 J&*'939,/.
E8 *& +)947) +5)),@( 7. A)'. 33 CPC 7*'5 *7-,.,86( ?&7 67 (@939( 7. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. ?&7
3,)7G3, 67 3(4+7'7839, @&839(8,. +,), 3(8(37) 67 &8 9839678'7 ( )73&)*(< .( )73C,G,)5 *98
45* ')549'7. E. +5)),@( *7:&86( 7* 3(4+.7478'( 67. ,8'7)9(). E*'5 +78*,6( 78 @&839=8 67 .,
+)('7339=8 67. )73&))78'7< ?&978 8( *7)5 +7)B&693,6( 78 *& 67)73C( ,. )73&)*( ,&8 > 3&,86( .(
C,>, +)7*78',6( ,8'7 &8 ')9A&8,. 983(4+7'78'7 @&839(8,.478'7< 3&,86( ., 98@()4,39=8 ?&7
*7 .7 A)986= +() 7. S73)7',)9( 67. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. C&A97)7 *96( 983())73', 78 .( ?&7 *7
)7@97)7 ,. =):,8( 3(4+7'78'7 ?&7 67AE, 3(8(37) 67. )73&)*(.J I:&,.478'7< 8( *7 78'7867)5
+)73.&96( 7. 'D)498( +,), *&*'78',) 7. )73&)*(< *9 >, *7 C&A97)7 +)7*78',6( 78 7. =):,8(
983(4+7'78'7< >, ?&7 D*'7 67A7)5 )749'9) 7. )73&)*( *&*'78',6( ,8'7 7. =):,8( ?&7
;7)6,67),478'7 7*'5 ..,4,6( , 3(8(37) 67 7.< 67A9786( 78'7867)*7 ?&7 7. )73&)*( *7 *&*'78'=
78 '974+( > @()4, ,673&,6(*.
SECCION =O
COMPETENCIA TERRITORIAL-
4"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO =@-4 FUERO GENERAL DE LAS PERSONAS NATURALES-
3- S$#, :(" #$ #"* %i!pn.$ 'r$ c!$; #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# crr"!pn%" $#
)(7.$% %"# %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$% *; !i n # '(,i"r" "n "# '"rri'ri n$cin$#;
!"r> "# )("7 c/p"'"n'" "# %" !( r"!i%"nci$ "n Hn%(r$!-
8- J(i"n"! n '(,i"r"n %/ici#i ni r"!i%"nci$ "n Hn%(r$! p("%"n !"r %"/$n%$%!
"n "# #(.$r "n :(" !" "nc("n'r"n %"n'r %"# '"rri'ri n$cin$# "n "# %" !( 9#'i/$
r"!i%"nci$ "n <!'" *; !i '$/pc p(%i"r$ %"'"r/in$r!" $!2 #$ c/p"'"nci$; "n "#
#(.$r %"# %/ici#i %"# $c'r-
=- L! "/pr"!$ri! * pr+"!in$#"!; "n #! #i'i.i! %"ri,$%! %" !( $c'i,i%$%
"/pr"!$ri$# pr+"!in$#; '$/1i<n p("%"n !"r %"/$n%$%! "n "# #(.$r %n%" !"
%"!$rr##" %ic&$ $c'i,i%$% *; !i '(,i"r"n "!'$1#"ci/i"n'! $ !( c$r. "n %i+"r"n'"!
#(.$r"!; "n c($#:(i"r$ %" "##! $ "#"cci0n %"# $c'r-
ART5CULO =B-4 FUERO GENERAL DE LAS PERSONAS JUR5DICAS Y DE LOS
ENTES SIN PERSONALIDAD- S$#, !(/i!i0n "?pr"!$ :(" #$ #"* %i!pn.$ 'r$
c!$:
3- L$! p"r!n$! )(r2%ic$! !"r>n %"/$n%$%$! "n "# #(.$r %" !( %/ici#i- T$/1i<n
p%r>n !"r %"/$n%$%$! "n "# #(.$r %n%" #$ !i'($ci0n r"#$ci0n )(r2%ic$ $ :(" !"
r"+i"r$ "# #i'i.i &$*$ n$ci% %"1$ !(r'ir "+"c'!; !i"/pr" :(" "n %ic& #(.$r
'"n.$n "!'$1#"ci/i"n' $1i"r' $# p91#ic r"pr"!"n'$n'" $('ri7$% p$r$ $c'($r
"n n/1r" %" #$ "n'i%$%-
8- L! "n'"! !in p"r!n$#i%$% p%r>n !"r %"/$n%$%! "n "# %/ici#i %" !(! ."!'r"!
"n c($#:(i"r #(.$r "n :(" %"!$rr##"n !( $c'i,i%$%-
ART5CULO =C-4 FUEROS LEGALES ESPECIALES-
N !" $p#ic$r>n #! +("r! "!'$1#"ci%! "n #! $r'2c(#! $n'"rir"! * !" %"'"r/in$r> #$
c/p"'"nci$ i/p"r$'i,$/"n'" %" $c("r% cn # %i!p("!' "n "# pr"!"n'" Ar'2c(# "n #!
c$!! !i.(i"n'"!:
3- En #! prc"!! "n :(" !" ")"rci'"n pr"'"n!in"! r"$#"! !1r" 1i"n"! in/("1#"! !"r>
"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# c/p"'"n'" "# %"# #(.$r "n :(" "!'< !i'($%$ #$ c!$
#i'i.i!$- C($n% #$ pr"'"n!i0n r"$# !" ")"rci'" !1r" ,$ri$! c!$! in/("1#"! !1r"
(n$ !#$ :(" "!'< !i'($%$ "n %i+"r"n'"! circ(n!cripcin"!; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "#
)(7.$% %" c($#:(i"r$ %" <!'$!; $ "#"cci0n %"# %"/$n%$n'"-
8- En #$! %"/$n%$! !1r" r"n%ici0n %" c("n'$! :(" %"1$n %$r #! $%/ini!'r$%r"! %"
1i"n"! $)"n!; !"r> )(7.$% c/p"'"n'" "# %"# #(.$r %n%" %"1$n pr"!"n'$r!"
%ic&$! c("n'$!; * n "!'$n% %"'"r/in$% "# %"# %/ici#i %"# /$n%$n'";
p%"r%$n'" %("D %" #! 1i"n"!; "# %"# #(.$r %n%" !" %"!"/p"D" #$
4$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
$%/ini!'r$ci0n $ "#"cci0n %"# $c'r-
=- En #$! %"/$n%$! !1r" 1#i.$cin"! %" .$r$n'2$ c/p#"/"n' %" 'r$!
$n'"rir"!; !"r> )(7.$% c/p"'"n'" "# :(" # !"$ p$r$ cnc"r; "!'< cnci"n%
%" #$ 1#i.$ci0n princip$# !1r" #$ :(" r"c$*"r"n-
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"n :(" "# c$(!$n'" '(, !( 9#'i/ %/ici#i * !i # &(1i"r" '"ni% "n p$2!
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B- En #! prc"!! "n :(" !" ")"rci'"n pr"'"n!in"! r"#$'i,$! $ #$ $!i!'"nci$
r"pr"!"n'$ci0n %" inc$p$c"!; inc$p$ci'$%! %"c#$r$%! pr0%i.!; !"r> c/p"'"n'"
"# )(7.$% %"# #(.$r "n :(" <!'! r"!i%$n-
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i/$."n *; "n ."n"r$#; "n /$'"ri$ %" pr'"cci0n ci,i# %" %"r"c&! +(n%$/"n'$#"!;
!"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"# %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$n'"; * c($n% n # '(,i"r"
"n '"rri'ri &n%(r"D; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# %"# #(.$r %n%" !" &(1i"r$
pr%(ci% "# &"c& :(" ,(#n"r" "# %"r"c& +(n%$/"n'$# %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
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%"# #(.$r "n :(" r$%i:(" "# in/("1#"-
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33- En #! prc"!! "n /$'"ri$ %" c/p"'"nci$ %"!#"$#; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"#
#(.$r "n :(" "# %"/$n%$% '"n.$ !( "!'$1#"ci/i"n' * $ +$#'$ %" <!'"; !( %/ici#i
#(.$r %" r"!i%"nci$; * c($n% n # '(,i"r" "n '"rri'ri &n%(r"D; "# 0r.$n
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38- En /$'"ri$ %" prpi"%$% in%(!'ri$#; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"# #(.$r %n%" !"
&$*$ pr%(ci% #$ ,i#$ci0n $# %"r"c& !1r" "# 1i"n; "n !( %"+"c' #$!
cn!"c("nci$! %$Din$! p$r$ "# $c'r cn /'i, %"# &"c& in+r$c'r-
50
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3=- En #! prc"!! "n :(" !" ")"rci'"n pr"'"n!in"! p$r$ :(" !" %"c#$r" #$ n
incrpr$ci0n $# cn'r$' #$ n(#i%$% %" #$! c#>(!(#$! %" cn%icin"! ."n"r$#"! %"
#$ cn'r$'$ci0n; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"# %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$n'"; * !1r"
"!$ /i!/$ /$'"ri$; c($n% !" ")"rci'"n #$! pr"'"n!in"! %"c#$r$'i,$; %" c"!$ci0n
%" r"'r$c'$ci0n; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"# #(.$r %n%" "# %"/$n%$% '"n.$ !(
"!'$1#"ci/i"n' *; $ +$#'$ %" <!'"; "# %" !( %/ici#iG * !i "# %"/$n%$% c$r"ci"r" %"
%/ici#i "n "# '"rri'ri &n%(r"D; "# %"# #(.$r "n :(" !" &(1i"r$ r"$#i7$% #$
$%&"!i0n-
3@- En c$! %" :(" #$! nr/$! $n'"rir"! n +("r"n %" $p#ic$ci0n $ #! #i'i.i! "n
/$'"ri$ %" !".(r!; ,"n'$! $ p#$7! %" 1i"n"! /("1#"! * cn'r$'! %"!'in$%! $ !(
+in$nci$ci0n; $!2 c/ "n /$'"ri$ %" cn'r$'! %" pr"!'$ci0n %" !"r,ici!
r"#$'i,! $ 1i"n"! /("1#"! c(*$ c"#"1r$ci0n &(1i"r$ !i% pr"c"%i%$ %" +"r'$
p91#ic$; !"r> c/p"'"n'" "# )(7.$% %"# %/ici#i %"# $!".(r$%; c/pr$%r
pr"!'$'$ri "# %"# %/ici#i %" :(i"n &(1i"r" $c"p'$% #$ +"r'$; r"!p"c'i,$/"n'"-
Co)etarios*
1.J Cnc"p' %" c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$#
E* 7. 3(8B&8'( 67 8()4,* +)(37*,.7* ?&7< 78 ,'7839=8 , ., 674,)3,39=8 B&6939,.< ,*9:8,8 7.
3(8(394978'( 78 +)947), 98*',839, 67 .(* (AB7'(* .9'9:9(*(* 78')7 .(* 69*'98'(* B&G:,6(* 67 &8
49*4( :),6( %7* 6739)< 78')7 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 +,G 67 .( 39;9. > 78')7 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 .7'),* 67
.( 39;9. 67 '(6( 7. '7))9'()9( 67 ., R7+KA.93,/. E8 67@989'9;, ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 7* .,
3(4+7'7839, ?&7 *7 ,')9A&>7 , &8 67'7)498,6( =):,8( B&6939,. 78 ),G=8 67. '7))9'()9( 6(867
7B7)37 ., B&)9*69339=8.J
E8 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06 8( ;78E,8 )7:&.,6,* .,* )7:.,* 67 .,
3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 ., )7+KA.93,< *98( ?&7 C,AE, ?&7 )749'9)*7 , ., L7>
67 O):,89G,39=8 > A')9A&39(87* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7* %LOAT/ +,), 3(8(37) 7*,* 8()4,*M +7)( 78
7. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. .,* 8()4,* 67 '7))9'()9,.96,6 ;97878 983.&96,* 78 .(* +)737+'(*
,8,.9G,6(*. L,* 8()4,* 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 ., LOAT '78E,8 ., +73&.9,)96,6 ?&7 .,*
+,)'7* +(6E,8 69*+(87) 67 .,* 49*4,* , *& ;(.&8',6 7F3.&*9;,< 67 4,87), ?&7< ,&8?&7
C&A97*78 8()4,* 7*+739,.7* +,), ('():,) , 67'7)498,6( B&G:,6( *& 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.<
.,* +,)'7*< >, *7, +() *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( '539', +(6E,8 .(:),) ?&7 (')( B&G:,6( 69*'98'(
3(8(397), 67. ,*&8'( ?&7 +() ., .7> .7 3(4+7'E, , (')( B&G:,6( *& 3(8(394978'(. N( C,AE,
898:&8, 8()4, 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< ?&7 3(4( ;7)74(* 45* ,67.,8'7< 7* &8, 67 .,*
3,),3'7)E*'93,* *(A)7*,.978'7* 67. CPC< +() 4769( 67 .,* 3&,.7*< .,* +,)'7* 8( +&7678
)78&839,) , ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 3&,86( ;78:, @9B,6, +() 7*', 3.,*7 67 8()4,*< > *9 +()
,.:&8, ),G=8< >, *7, +()?&7 *7 7*3,+= 67. 3(8')(. 67 (@939( 67. B&7G > +()?&7 ',4A9D8
898:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* 678&839= ., 983(4+7'7839,< '(6( 7*7 +)(37*( 7* ,8&.,A.7 67 (@939( 78 .,
*7:&86, 98*',839, > ,K8 78 7. )73&)*( 7F'),()698,)9( 67 3,*,39=8.
2.J 1i)$ci0n %" #$ c/p"'"nci$
A '(6(* .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 67 .(* 69*'98'(* =)6787* B&)9*69339(8,.7* ?&7 7F9*'78 78
H(86&),* *7 .7* ,')9A&>7 &8, 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. ,8'939+,6, 78 A,*7 ,. .&:,) 67. '7))9'()9(
51
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
78 6(867 7B7)37)58 *&* @&839(87* > 7* , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, , ?&978 .7 3())7*+(867
@9B,) ., 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 '7))9'()9,. 78 6(867 7B7)37)58 *& B&)9*69339=8 .(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7*
67 ., R7+KA.93,< ,')9A&39=8 ?&7 .7 3(8@97)7 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 313
8&47),.7* 1< 11 > 12. D7 4,87), ?&7< 3(8(396( , +)9()9 7. .&:,) 78 6(867 7B7)37 *&
B&)9*69339=8 &8 B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 67. ()678 39;9.< .( ?&7 ?&76, +() 69.&396,) 7* .,
3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. +,), 3(8(37) 67 &8 3,*( 78 3(83)7'(M +,), 7..( 8737*9',4(* 3(8(37)
.(* @&7)(* .7:,.7* ?&7 67'7)498,8 ., 3(4+7'7839,< ?&7 *(8 67 6(* '9+(*L .(* @&7)(* :787),.7*
> .(* @&7)(* 7*+739,.7*. A4A(* ,4+,),8 , .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7* > B&)E693,* > ,6745* , .(*
78'7* *98 +7)*(8,.96,6< 3(4( .,* 4,*,* C7)769',)9,* ( .,* 3(4&896,67* 67 A9787*< 78')7 ('),*.
3.J L! +("r! #".$#"!-
S(8 .(* 3)9'7)9(* ?&7 *9);78 +,), 67'7)498,) ., ,')9A&39=8 67 ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. , .(*
=):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,.M *(8 67 6(* '9+(*< .(*
@&7)(* :787),.7* > .(* @&7)(* 7*+739,.7*. E. +)947) @&86,478'( 67 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 @&7)(*
.7:,.7* .( +(674(* 783(8'),) 78 7. +)9839+9( ,. 67)73C( , *7) B&G:,6( +() 7. B&7G 8,'&),.< 7.
+)767'7)498,6( +() ., .7> %,)'E3&.(* 3 > 27 67. CPC/. E*'7 @&86,478'( *7 )7@97)7 45* ?&7
'(6( , .(* @&7)(* .7:,.7* 7*+739,.7*< .(* 3&,.7* @9B,8 7. 3(8(394978'( 67 &8 ,*&8'( 3(83)7'( ,
&8 B&7G 67'7)498,6( +() ., .7> > .,* +,)'7* 8( +&7678 A&).,) 7*',* 8()4,* .7:,.7*< >, ?&7 8(
*7 .7* +7)49'7 )78&839,) , 7*, 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. > ,3(:7)*7 , ('),.
E8 *7:&86( .&:,)< ., +)7*7839, 67 @&7)(* .7:,.7* *7 B&*'9@93, 78 ., 8737*96,6 67 +)('7:7) ',8'(
.(* 98'7)7*7* 67. 674,86,8'7 3(4( .(* 67. 674,86,6(M 67 ,..E ?&7 78 ,.:&8(* 3,*(* *7 7F9:7
?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3(4+7'78'7 *7)5 7. 67. .&:,) 67. 6(4939.9( 67. 674,86,6( > 78 (')(* *7 7F9:7
?&7 *7, 7. 67. 6(4939.9( 67. 674,86,8'7< 983.&>786( , ;737* 67 6,) ., (+()'&896,6 ,.
674,86,8'7 67 7*3(:7) ,.'7)8,'9;,478'7 67 +)7*78',) ., 674,86, 78 7. B&G:,6( ?&7 D. 7.9B,.J
E8 ('),*< *7 C,37 78 ,'7839=8 , ., 3(86939=8 7*+739,. 67 ., +7)*(8, ?&7 *7)5 (AB7'( 67 .,
)7*(.&39=8< 3(4( 7. 3,*( 67 ,?&7..(* , ?&9787* *7 .7* ?&97)7 673.,),) 983,+,39',6(*.
3J1.J 1("r! #".$#"! ."n"r$#"!
EF9*'78 &8(* @&7)(* :787),.7* +,), .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7* > (')(* +,), .,* +7)*(8,* B&)E693,*.
L, 3,),3'7)E*'93, *(A)7*,.978'7 67 .(* @&7)(* :787),.7* 7* ?&7 *(8 8()4,* 67 '9+( 69*+(*9'9;(M
*7 +&767 )78&839,) , 7..,* +() 4769( 67 ., *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( '539', , ., 3(4+7'7839,
'7))9'()9,. 67 (')(* B&G:,6(* %,)'. 3" CPC/ 67 ., 49*4, B&)9*69339=8 39;9.< *9'&,6(* 78 ('),
39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,. 69*'98', , ., 67. ..,4,6( +() ., .7> , 3(8(37) 67 7*7 ,*&8'( 3(83)7'(M
.( ?&7 ., .7> 7F9:7 +,), ?&7 7*', *&49*9=8 (+7)7 7* ?&7 7*7 B&G:,6( +(*7, ',4A9D8
3(4+7'7839, *&AB7'9;, > @&839(8,. +,), 3(8(37) 67 7*7 ,*&8'( > ,6745*< 78 3&,8'( , .,
*&49*9=8 7F+)7*, *7 )7@97)7< ?&7 8( *7 C,:, ,8'7 &8 B&G:,6( 78 3(83)7'(< *98( ?&7 67A7 *7)
7@73'&,6, ,8'7 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,.M +() 7B74+.(< H8(*
*(47'74(* , ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 .7'),* 67 .( 39;9. 67 S,8 +76)( S&.,.I. 1&7),
67 ., *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( '539',< .(* @&7)(* .7:,.7* *(8 67 ,+.93,39=8 7*')93',< 7* 6739)< ?&7
A,*', 3(8 ?&7 &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* 674,86,6,*< +() 4769( 67 ., 673.98,'()9,< ,.7:&7 .,
983(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 &8 =):,8( ?&7 8( 7* 7. ..,4,6( , 3(8(37) 67 7*'7 ,*&8'(< +,),
?&7 D*'7 *7 ,A*'78:, 67 3(8(37) > *7-,.7< , ., ;7G ?&7 )749', 7. ,*&8'( ,. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. 3(4+7'78'7 %,)'E3&.(* 44 > 46.3 6. 4/.
52
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3J1J1J 1&7)(* :787),.7* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7*
E. ,)'E3&.( 34 7*',A.737 ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 78 ,'7839=8 , .(* @&7)(*
:787),.7* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7*.J A*E '7874(*< ?&7 *7)5 3(4+7'78'7 +,), 3(8(37) 67 .,*
674,86,* 983(,6,* 3(8'), &8, +7)*(8, 8,'&),.< 7. B&G:,6( ?&7 7B7)G, *& B&)9*69339=8 78 7.
.&:,) 78 6(867 '78:, @9B,6( *& 6(4939.9( 7. 674,86,6(. A. 8( C,37) )7@7)7839, 7*+73E@93,
7*'7 ,)'E3&.( , ., 3.,*7 67 +)7'78*9=8 ( '9+( 67 674,86, ?&7 *7 7B7)39'7 78 3(8'), 67.
674,86,6( +,), 67'7)498,) ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 7*7 B&G:,6(< 67A74(* 78'7867) ?&7 +&767 *7)
3&,.?&97) '9+( 67 +)7'78*9=8 ( 3.,*7 67 674,86, 67 .,* ?&7 8( *7 783&78'),8 983.&96,* 78 7.
,)'E3&.( 36< ?&7 )7:&., .(* @&7)(* 7*+739,.7*.
3J1J2.J 1&7)(* :787),.7* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* B&)E693,* > 67 .(* 78'7* *98 +7)*(8,.96,6.
E. ,)'E3&.( 35 CPC , *& ;7G 7*',A.737 ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 78 ,'7839=8
, .(* @&7)(* :787),.7* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* B&)E693,* > 67 .(* 78'7* *98 +7)*(8,.96,6.J I:&,.
3(478',)9( ?&7 C9394(* )7*+73'( ,. @&7)( :787),. 67 .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7* *7 C,37 3(8
)7*+73'( , 7*'(*.J
H,> ?&7 C,37) ., (A*7);,39=8 67 ?&7 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( ,+,)78'7478'7 *=.( )73(8(37 ., *&49*9=8
7F+)7*, +,), )78&839,) ,. @&7)( :787),.< +7)( 78 ,'7839=8 , ., 69*+(*939=8 :787),.
3(8'74+.,6, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 3" 67 7*'7 49*4( 3&7)+( .7:,.< 78'78674(* ?&7 ',4A9D8 +)(3767
., *&49*9=8 '539',.
3J2.J 1("r! #".$#"! "!p"ci$#"!
S(8 ,?&7..,* 8()4,* ,')9A&'9;,* 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( ?&7< ,
69@7)7839, 67 .,* 8()4,* 67 .(* @&7)(* :787),.7*< 8( ?&76, , 3)9'7)9( 67 .,* +,)'7* )78&839,) ,.
B&G:,6( ?&7 ., .7> *7-,., 3(4( 7. 3(4+7'78'7.J N( +&7678 .,* +,)'7* *(47'7)*7 , .,
3(4+7'7839, 67 (')( B&G:,6(< 89 7F+)7*,< 89 '539',478'7.J O'), 69@7)7839, 3(8 .,* 8()4,* 67
.(* @&7)(* :787),.7*< 7* ?&7 78 7*',* 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 8( +&767 7F,498,) *& +)(+9,
3(4+7'7839,M 7* 6739)< 8( +&767 67 (@939( 673.,),) *& 983(4+7'7839, > '9787 ?&7 7*+7),) ,
?&7 .,* +,)'7* 678&83978 ., 49*4, , '),;D* 67 ., 673.98,'()9,M 78 3,4A9(< 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7
, .(* @&7)(* 7*+739,.7* 7. B&7G *E +&767 7F,498,) *& +)(+9, 3(4+7'7839, > +&767 ',4A9D8
673.,),) 67 (@939( *& @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839,< +)7;9( , (E) , .,* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,* > ,. M989*'7)9(
PKA.93( 78 ,'7839=8 ,. +)9839+9( 67 ,&697839,..J S7 ,+.93,8 9869*'98',478'7 +,), .,* +7)*(8,*
8,'&),.7* 3(4( , .,* B&)E693,* > '(6,* 7*'58 3(4+)78696,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 36 67. CPC.
3J3.J O'r$! nr/$! %" c$r>c'"r i/p"r$'i,
E8')7 .,* 8()4,* 3(4+7'7839,.7* 94+7),'9;,* > ;983&.,8'7* 3(4( 8()4,* 7*+739,.7*< +&7678
*7) 39',6,*L
• L,* 7*',A.7396,* 78 .(* 3&,')( +5)),@(* 67. ,)'E3&.( 747 CPC< ?&7 )7:&., .,
7B73&39=8 67 'E'&.(* B&6939,.7*.
• L,* 3(8'7896,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 67" CPC *(A)7 7. +)(37*( 4(89'()9(.
• L,* 7*+73E@93,* 67 .(* +)(37*(* 67 @,49.9,.
ART5CULO =E-4 ACUMULACIÓN DE PRETENSIONES Y LITISCONSORCIO
PASIVO-
53
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- C($n% !" ")"rci'"n cn)(n'$/"n'" ,$ri$! pr"'"n!in"! +r"n'" $ (n$ ,$ri$!
p"r!n$! !"r> 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# c/p"'"n'" "# %"# #(.$r crr"!pn%i"n'" $ #$
pr"'"n!i0n :(" !"$ +(n%$/"n' %" #$! %"/>!G "n !( %"+"c'; $:(<# :(" %"1$
cnc"r %"# /$*r n9/"r %" #$! pr"'"n!in"! $c(/(#$%$! *; "n 9#'i/ c$!; "# %"#
#(.$r :(" crr"!pn%$ $ #$ pr"'"n!i0n />! i/pr'$n'" c($n'i'$'i,$/"n'"-

8- C($n% &(1i"r" ,$ri! %"/$n%$%! *; cn+r/" $ #$! r".#$! "!'$1#"ci%$! "n "!'"
$r'2c(# * "n #! $n'"rir"!; p(%i"r$ crr"!pn%"r #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# $ #!
)("c"! %" />! %" (n #(.$r; #$ %"/$n%$ p%r> pr"!"n'$r!" $n'" c($#:(i"r$ %" "##!;
$ "#"cci0n %"# %"/$n%$n'"-
ART5CULO =F-4 CARLCTER DISPOSITIVO DE LAS NORMAS SOBRE
COMPETENCIA TERRITORIAL-
3- L$! r".#$! #".$#"! $'ri1('i,$! %" #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# !0# !" $p#ic$r>n "n
%"+"c' %" !(/i!i0n "?pr"!$ '>ci'$ %" #$! p$r'"! $ #! )(7.$%! %" (n$
%"'"r/in$%$ circ(n!cripci0n- S" "?c"p'9$n #$! r".#$! "!'$1#"ci%$! "n "!'" C0%i.
:(" $'ri1(*$n #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# cn c$r>c'"r i/p"r$'i,-
8- L$ !(/i!i0n %" #$! p$r'"! !0# !"r> ,>#i%$ * "+ic$7 c($n% !" &$.$ $ )(7.$%! cn
c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ p$r$ cnc"r %"# $!(n' %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
=- N !"r> ,>#i%$ #$ !(/i!i0n "?pr"!$ cn'"ni%$ "n cn'r$'! %" $%&"!i0n; :("
cn'"n.$n cn%icin"! ."n"r$#"! i/p("!'$! pr (n$ %" #$! p$r'"!; :(" !" &$*$n
c"#"1r$% cn cn!(/i%r"! (!($ri!-
Co)etario*
E8 .(* 3(478',)9(* , .(* ,)'E3&.(* ,8'7)9()7* C74(* ,A()6,6( >, .( ?&7 *7 )7:&., 78 7.
+)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.(. S=.( .,* 8()4,* 3(8'7896,* 78 .(* @&7)(* :787),.7* *(8 67 3,)53'7)
69*+(*9'9;(< +&69786( .,* +,)'7* )78&839,) , 7..,* +() 4769( 67 ., *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( .,
'539',. S98 74A,):(< +,), 3(4+.7',) .(* 3(478',)9(* ,8'7)9()7*< +)(3767 *9:89@93,) ?&7 .,
*&49*9=8 7F+)7*, 3(8'7896, 78 3.5&*&.,* 67 3(8'),'(* 67 ,6C7*9=8 8( *7)5 ;5.96, > 78
3(8*73&7839, 7. 674,86,6(< *98( *7 *(47'7 '539',478'7 , ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 7*7 B&G:,6(<
+(6)5 678&839,) +() 4769( 67 ., 673.98,'()9, ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,..
P() ('), +,)'7< *7 )7,@9)4, ?&7 .,* 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< 7* 6739)< '(6,* .,*
3(8'74+.,6,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 36< ,6745* 67 .,* 67. 747 > 67" CPC< 8( *(8 67 3,)53'7)
69*+(*9'9;( > 8( +&767 C,A7) *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( '539', , (')( B&G:,6(< .( ?&7 3(8..7;, , .,
)7;9*9=8 67 (@939( +() 7. B&7G *(A)7 *& +)(+9, 3(4+7'7839, > , ., 8&.96,6 ,A*(.&', 67
,3'&,39(87* 673.,),6, 67 (@939( +() .(* ')9A&8,.7* *&+7)9()7* 3(8(39786( +() ;E, 67 ,+7.,39=8
( 67 3,*,39=8 3&,86( ,6;97)',8 ?&7 7. B&7G 67 +)947), 98*',839, 3,)73E, 67 3(4+7'7839,
'7))9'()9,. +() 8( *7) 7. ..,4,6( +() ., .7> +,), 3(8(37) 67. ,*&8'(< >, ?&7 .,* 8()4,*
94+7),'9;,* @9B,A,8 ., 3(4+7'7839, , (')( B&G:,6(.
I:&,.478'7 *7 )7,@9)4, .( ,8'7)9()478'7 693C(< 78 7. *78'96( 67 ?&7 *=.( *7)5 ;5.96, .,
*&49*9=8 7F+)7*, ( '539', 67 .,* +,)'7*< 3&,86( 7. ')9A&8,. *98 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.< @9B,6,
54
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
., 49*4, +() .(* @&7)(* :787),.7*< , ?&978 *7 *(47',8< *7, ',4A9D8 (AB7'9;,478'7
3(4+7'78'7.
ART5CULO =H-4 SUMISIÓN EMPRESA-
3- S" "n'"n%"r> pr !(/i!i0n "?pr"!$ #$ p$c'$%$ pr #! in'"r"!$%! %"!i.n$n% cn
pr"ci!i0n "# '"rri'ri $ c(*! 'ri1(n$#"! !" !/"'i"r"n-
8- C($n% "n %ic& '"rri'ri "?i!'$n ,$ri! 'ri1(n$#"! %" #$ /i!/$ c#$!"; "# r"p$r'
%" #! c$!! %"'"r/in$r> $ c(># %" "##! crr"!pn%" cnc"r %"# #i'i.i; !in :(" #$!
p$r'"! p("%$n !/"'"r!" $ (n %"'"r/in$% 'ri1(n$# cn "?c#(!i0n %" #! 'r!-
Co)etario*
A 69@7)7839, 67 .( 3(8'74+.,6( 78 ., LOAT *(A)7 ., *&49*9=8 7F+)7*,< 78 6(867 *7 7F9:E,
67*9:8,) 3.,),478'7 7. B&G:,6( ,8'7 ?&978 *7 *(47'E,8 .,* +,)'7*< 78 7. CPC *7 )73C,G, 7*',
*9'&,39=8< C,39786( &8, +)(C9A939=8 ',B,8'7 67 67*9:8,) &8 B&G:,6( 78 7*+739,. > ()678,86(
?&7 ., *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, *7, , ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 .(* B&G:,6(* 67 &8 67'7)498,6( '7))9'()9( 67
., R7+KA.93, > *7)5 7. =):,8( 783,):,6( 67 ,+.93,) .,* 8()4,* 67. )7+,)'( 67 ,*&8'(*< 7. ?&7
673969)5 ?&D B&G:,6( 78 3(83)7'( 3(8(37)5 67 7*, 674,86,. C.,)( 7*'5< ?&7 *9 78 7*, +,)'7
67. '7))9'()9( *=.( 7F9*', &8 B&G:,6(< ., *&49*9=8 *7)5 ;5.96, , 7*7 K893( B&G:,6(.
ART5CULO @I-4 SUMISIÓN TLCITA- S" "n'i"n%" &"c&$ #$ !(/i!i0n '>ci'$:
3- Pr "# %"/$n%$n'"; pr "# /"r &"c& %" $c(%ir $ #! )(7.$%! %" (n %"'"r/in$%
'"rri'ri in'"rpni"n% #$ %"/$n%$; +r/(#$n% p"'ici0n !#ici'(% :(" '"n.$
c$r>c'"r pr",i pr"#i/in$r $n'" "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# c/p"'"n'" p$r$ cnc"r
%" #$ %"/$n%$-
8- Pr "# %"/$n%$%; pr "# &"c& %" r"$#i7$r; %"!p(<! %" p"r!n$% "n "# )(ici 'r$!
#$ in'"rp!ici0n %" #$ %"/$n%$; c($#:(i"r $c'($ci0n prc"!$# :(" n !"$ #$ %"
prpn"r "n +r/$ #$ %"c#in$'ri$-
Co)etario*
N( *7 +&767 C,37) ., *&49*9=8 '539', 78 B&G:,6( ?&7 8( '78:, 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.< 67A96(
, ?&7 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( @9B78 ., 3(4+7'7839, 78 (')( B&G:,6( 69*'98'( > 3&,86(
8( '78:, 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, +,), 3(8(37) 67 7*7 .9'9:9(. S7:K8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< 7. 674,86,8'7
*7 *(47'7 '539',478'7 , &8 B&G:,6(< 8( *=.( ,. 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86,< *98( 983.&*( 3&,86(
7@73'K, ,8'7 D*'7 &8, 69.9:7839, 67 3,)53'7) +)7.9498,). L,* +)7:&8',* (A.9:,6,* 78 7*'7
K.'94( 3,*( *(8L X?&D +,*, 3&,86( 7. @&'&)( 674,86,8'7 7@73'K, &8, 69.9:7839, +)7.9498,)
,8'7 &8 B&G:,6( > .&7:( +)7*78', ., 674,86, ,8'7 (')( B&G:,6( 69@7)78'7YM ,. 7*',)
*(47'9D86(*7 '539',478'7 , ., 3(4+7'7839, 67 6(* B&G:,6(* 69*'98'(*< X+&767 )73C,G,).7 67
(@939( 7. B&G:,6( ,8'7 ?&978 .7 +)7*78', ., 674,86,< 3&,86( ,6;97)', ?&7 7. 674,86,8'7
,3&69= ,8'7 (')( B&G:,6( , 7@73'&,) &8, 69.9:7839, +)7.9498,)Y E*'94,4(* ?&7 8( +(6)5
55
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C,37).(< *974+)7 > 3&,86( *7 '),'7 67 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 69*+(*9'9;( > ?&7 +() .( ',8'(< 7.
B&G:,6( ?&7 3(8(39= 67 ., 69.9:7839, +)7.9498,) 67A7)5 67 3(8(37) 67. +)(37*( +)9839+,..
ART5CULO @3-4 FALTA DE COMPETENCIA TERRITORIAL-
3- C($n% #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# ,"n.$ +i)$%$ pr r".#$! i/p"r$'i,$!; "# )(7.$%
'ri1(n$# "?$/in$r> %" +ici !( prpi$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# in/"%i$'$/"n'"
%"!p(<! %" pr"!"n'$%$ #$ %"/$n%$-
8- En #! %"/>! c$!!; #$ +$#'$ %" c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# !#$/"n'" p%r> !"r
$pr"ci$%$ c($n% "# %"/$n%$% :(i"n"! p("%$n !"r p$r'" #".2'i/$ "n "# )(ici
prp(!i"r"n "n 'i"/p * +r/$ #$ %"c#in$'ri$-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 47.2 CPCM 212.2 CPCM 214.2 CPC< 67" CPC< 701.3 CPC > 747 CPC
Co)etario*
C(8 .(* 3(478',)9(* , .(* ,)'E3&.(* ?&7 .( +)737678< *7 3(8*967), *&@93978'7478'7 3(478',6(
7. 3(8'7896( 67. +5)),@( +)947)( 67. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.(.J S7 )7,@9)4, ?&7 .,* 8()4,* 67
3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< 7* 6739)< '(6,* .,* 3(8'74+.,6,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 36 CPC< ,6745* 67 .,*
67. 747 > 67" CPC< 8( *(8 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( > 8( +&767 C,A7) *&49*9=8 7F+)7*, (
'539', , (')( B&G:,6(< .( ?&7 3(8..7;, , ., )7;9*9=8 67 (@939( +() 7. B&7G *(A)7 *& +)(+9,
3(4+7'7839, > , ., 8&.96,6 ,A*(.&', 67 ,3'&,39(87* 673.,),6, 67 (@939( ',8 +)(8'( 3(4( *7
,6;97)', ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, 67. B&G:,6( 67 +)947), 98*',839, +() .(* =):,8(* *&+7)9()7* %
,)'E3&.(* 47.2M 212.2M 214.2 > 701.3 CPC/.
E8 3&,8'( ,. +5)),@( *7:&86(< *7 )7,@9)4, ',4A9D8 ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 8( +(6)5 )7;9*,) 67 (@939(
*& 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.< 3&,86( 7*', ;78:, @9B,6, +() 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 69*+(*9'9;(< 7*
6739)< .,* )7@7)78'7* , .(* @&7)(* :787),.7* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7*< B&)E693,* > 78'7* *98
+7)*(8,.96,6. E. B&G:,6( 67A7)5 7*+7),) , ?&7 *7, 7. 674,86,6( 7. ?&7 678&8397 ., @,.', 67
3(4+7'7839,< ., ?&7 *7 +(6)5 C,37) +() 4769( 67 ., 673.98,'()9, > 678')( 67 .(* +.,G(* ?&7
,..E *7 *7-,.,8. N( (A*',8'7 .( ,8'7)9()< +)(3767 3(8*967),) ?&7 3&,86( ., 3(4+7'7839,
'7))9'()9,. ;78:, @9B,6, +() 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< ., +,)'7 674,86,6, +&767
678&839,) ., 49*4, 78 3&,.?&97) 4(478'( 67. B&939(< >, ?&7 ., 49*4, 8( 7* *&A*,8,A.7.
I83.&*( 7*'94( ?&7 78 7*'(* 3,*(* 8( *=.( 7. 674,86,6( +&767 678&839,).,< *98( ?&7 ',4A9D8
7. 674,86,8'7< 3&,86( ,6;97)', ?&7 3(47'9= 7. 7))() 67 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86, ,8'7 ')9A&8,.
983(4+7'78'7.
ART5CULO @8-4 CONTENIDO DE LA DECLARACIÓN NEGATIVA-
3- Si "# )("7 %" +ici cn!i%"r$ :(" c$r"c" %" c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# p$r$ cnc"r
%"# #i'i.i; # %"c#$r$r> $!2 /"%i$n'" $('; pr",i$ $(%i"nci$ %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic *
%" #$! p$r'"! p"r!n$%$!; * r"/i'ir> #$! $c'($cin"! $# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :("
cn!i%"r" '"rri'ri$#/"n'" c/p"'"n'"-
56
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- E# cn'"ni% %" #$ %"ci!i0n $'"n%"r> $ #$! r".#$! !i.(i"n'"!:
$) Si +("!"n %" $p#ic$ci0n +("r! i/p"r$'i,! "#"c'i,!; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#
"!'$r> $ # :(" /$ni+i"!'" "# %"/$n%$n'" 'r$! #$ pr".(n'$ :(" #" %iri.ir> $ '$#"!
"+"c'!-

1) E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# $ :(i"n !" r"/i'i"r$n #$! $c'($cin"! p%r> %"c#$r$r
%" +ici; $ !( ,"7; !( +$#'$ %" c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# c($n% <!'$ %"1$
%"'"r/in$r!" "n ,ir'(% %" r".#$! i/p"r$'i,$!- L$ r"!#(ci0n :(" %"c#$r" #$ +$#'$ %"
c/p"'"nci$ /$n%$r> r"/i'ir '%! #! $n'"c"%"n'"! $# in/"%i$' !(p"rir c/9n;
:(" %"ci%ir> #$ c("!'i0n pr /"%i %" $('; !in (#'"rir r"c(r!; r%"n$n% #$
r"/i!i0n %" #$! $c'($cin"! * "# "/p#$7$/i"n' %" #$! p$r'"! $n'" "# :(" &$*$ !i%
%"c#$r$% c/p"'"n'"; %"n'r %" #! %i"7 K3I) %2$! !i.(i"n'"!-
Co)etarios*
L,* 8()4,* 3(8'7896,* 78 7. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.( *(8 A,*',8'7 3.,),* > *7839..,*M +7)( +,), ?&7
)7,.478'7 .( 3(4+)786,4(* 67A74(* 9)8(* ,. 'E'&.( 67. 49*4(L HC(8'7896( 67 ., 673.,),39=8
87:,'9;,I. E*'7 'E'&.( 3)7, 3(8@&*9=8 > 8( 67A7)E, C,A7)*7 ..,4,6( ,*E< +7)( 67@989'9;,478'7<
67*+&D* 67 .77).( 78 *& '(',.96,6 ..7:,4(* , ., 3(83.&*9=8 ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , ., 87:,'9;, 67.
=):,8( +,), 3(8(37) 67 ., 674,86, ?&7 *7 .7 +)7*78'= +,), *& *&*',839,39=8< *=.( 78 .(*
3,*(* 67 ?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. ;78:, @9B,6, +() 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(M +()
.( ',8'(< 67*67 7*7 +&8'( 67 ;9*', 67A74(* ,8,.9G,).(.J
E. +5)),@( +)947)( 8(* 7*'5 6939786( ?&7 *9 7. B&7G 67 (@939( 3(8*967), ?&7 3,)737 67
3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.< +)7;9( , 693',) ., )7*(.&39=8 78 ?&7 .( 673.,)7 ,*E< 67A7)5 *7-,.,) &8,
,&697839, +,), (E) , .,* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,* > ,. M989*'7)9( PKA.93(. C(4( 8( *7 *7-,.,
'D)498( +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 693C, ,&697839,< *7 78'7867)5 ?&7 67A7)5 *7-,.,)*7 78 7.
478() '974+( +(*9A.7< +,), 8( 69.,',) 7. @&'&)( +)(37*( %;7) ,)'. 123.2 CPC/. L, )7*(.&39=8
?&7 693',)5 )7;7*'9)5 ., @()4, 67 ,&'(< 7. 3&,. *=.( 7* *&*37+'9A.7 67. )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8
*98 +(*9A9.96,6 67 )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 %,)'E3&.(* 6$4 > 707 CPC/< +&7*'( '9787 *78'96( &8
)73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 3&,86( 78 7. 3,*( 67 69*3)7+,839, )7*(.;7)5 7. *&+7)9() 3(4K8. E8
693C( ,&'(< 7. B&G:,6( 67A7)5 *7-,.,) 7. =):,8( ?&7 67A7)5 3(8(37) 67. ,*&8'( 67. 3&,. *7
7*'5 ,A*'789786(.J
L, ,&697839, ?&7 47839(8, 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( *7)5 +,), (E) +)9839+,.478'7 , .,* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,*<
*(A)7 '(6( ,. 674,86,8'7M 8( *=.( +,), ?&7 '),'7 67 67@7867) ., 3(4+7'7839, 67. B&7G ,8'7
?&978 98'7)+&*( ., 674,86,< *98( ',4A9D8< +,), ?&7 7. B&7G .7 +)7:&8'7 3&5. B&G:,6( +)7@97)7
+,), ?&7 *9:, 3(8(39786( 67. ,*&8'( 78 .(* 3,*(* 67 ?&7 .(* @&7)(* 67'7)498,8'7* 67 .,
3(4+7'7839, @&7)78 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;( 7.73'9;(M 7B74+.(L S9 ., 674,86, ?&7 98'7)+&*( 7.
674,86,8'7 @&7*7 67. '9+( +)7;9*'( 78 7. 8&47),. 10 67. ,)'E3&.( 36 67. CPC< ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 ,
674,86,* *(A)7 98@),339(87* 67 ., +)(+976,6 98'7.73'&,.< 7* 3(4+7'78'7 7. B&G:,6( 67. .&:,)
78 ?&7 ., 98@),339=8 *7 C,>, 3(47'96( ( 7F9*',8 986939(* 67 *& 3(49*9=8M +7)( ',4A9D8 7*
3(4+7'78'7 7. B&G:,6( 67. .&:,) 78 ?&7 *7 783&78')78 7B74+.,)7* 9.E39'(*M *9 7. 674,86,8'7 .7
6937 ,. B&7G ?&7 7.9:7 7. B&G:,6( 67. .&:,) 78 6(867 *7 3(47'9= ., 98@),339=8< 7. ,&'( ?&7 *7
749', ()678,)5 ?&7 *7 )749',8 .(* ,8'737678'7* , 7*7 B&G:,6( ?&7 7. 674,86,8'7 7.9:9=.
57
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
P() *& +,)'7< 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. , ?&978 *7 )749'97),8 .,* ,3'&,39(87* +(6)5 673.,),) 67
(@939( *& @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 3&,86( D*', 67A, 67'7)498,)*7 78 ;9)'&6 67 )7:.,*
94+7),'9;,*. L, )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 673.,)7 ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, 4,86,)5 )749'9) '(6(* .(*
,8'737678'7* ,. 984769,'( *&+7)9() 3(4K8< ?&7 673969)5 ., 3&7*'9=8 +() 4769( 67 ,&'(< *98
&.'7)9() )73&)*(< ()678,86( ., )749*9=8 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* > 7. 74+.,G,4978'( 67 .,* +,)'7*
,8'7 7. ?&7 C,>, *96( 673.,),6( 3(4+7'78'7< 678')( 67 .(* 697G %10/ 6E,* *9:&978'7* 3(8',6(*
, +,)'9) 67 ., K.'94, 8('9@93,39=8. T,4+(3( 6937 ., .7> *9 .,* +,)'7* '97878 67)73C( ,
+7)*(8,)*7 ,8'7 7. *&+7)9() 3(4K8< +,)739786( 67 7*, 4,87), ?&7 8( '97878 7*7 67)73C( >
?&7 7. *&+7)9() 3(4K8 )7*(.;7)5 3(8@()47 , .( ?&7 3(8*'7 67 .(* ,8'737678'7* > *&
)7*(.&39=8< ?&7 *7)5 &8 ,&'( ?&7 8( *7)5 (AB7'( 67 )73&)*( ,.:&8(< *98 ('():,) 8&7;,*
,&697839,* > *98 +(*9A9.96,6 67 )739A9) 7. 9839678'7 , +)&7A,.
ART5CULO @=-4 REPARTO DE CASOS-
L$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$; "!'$1#"c"r> pr #$ ,2$ r".#$/"n'$ri$ #$! nr/$! %"
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Co)etario*
N(* )749'94(* +,), 7..( , .(* 3(478',)9(* ?&7 C9394(* ,8'7)9()478'7 )7*+73'( , .,* 8()4,*
67 )7+,)'( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 23 67. CPC.
SECCION @O
DECLINATORIA-
ART5CULO @@-4 CONTENIDO DE LA DECLINATORIA-
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5"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
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ART5CULO @B-4 PROPOSICIÓN Y EFECTOS-
3- L$ %"c#in$'ri$ !" &$1r> %" prpn"r %"n'r %" #! cinc KB) pri/"r! %2$! %"# p#$7
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$(%i"nci$ %"# prc"! $1r",i$%; $!2 c/ "# c(r! %"# prc"%i/i"n' princip$#-
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ART5CULO @C-4 SUSTANCIACIÓN Y DECISIÓN-
3- A# "!cri' %" %"c#in$'ri$ !" $c/p$D$r>n; !i n cn!'$r$n *$ "n "# "?p"%i"n'" pr
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5$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
c) Si "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# cn!i%"r$ :(" c$r"c" %" )(ri!%icci0n pr
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ART5CULO @E-4 RECURSOS CONTRA LA RESOLUCIÓN DE LA
DECLINATORIA-
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Co)etario*
P() ),G(87* +)53'93,* *7 3(478',8 3(8B&8',478'7 7*'(* 3&,')( ,)'E3&.(* ?&7 *7 )7@97)78 , .,
673.98,'()9,< ?&7 78 7. CPC ?&76, 3(4( K893, 3&7*'9=8 67 3(4+7'7839, +(*9A.7.
60
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1.J N$'(r$#"7$ %" #$ %"c#in$'ri$
E* &8, 7*+7397 67 7F37+39=8 69.,'()9,< >, ?&7 *7 C, 67 +.,8'7,) > )7*(.;7) +)7;9,478'7< ',. >
3(4( *7 3(8'74+.,A, 78 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* 78 4,'7)9, C9;9. 67 1$06. C(4( *7
+&767 (A*7);,) 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 44 CPC< +() 4769( 67 ., 673.98,'()9, *7 +&767 +.,8'7,) '(6(*
.(* ,*&8'(* )7.,'9;(* , .(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7* 67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.L @,.', 67
B&)9*69339=8 > '(6,* .,* +(*9A.7* @,.',* 67 3(4+7'7839,.
8-4 L".i'i/$ci0n
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3.J C/p"'"nci$
E. =):,8( 3(4+7'78'7 +,), 3(8(37) 67 ., 673.98,'()9, 7* 7. 49*4( , ?&978 *7 .7 +967 ?&7 *7
,A*'78:, 67 3(8(37)< +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 8( '9787 B&)9*69339=8 ( 3&,.?&97) 3.,*7 67
3(4+7'7839,. N( (A*',8'7< 7. CPC< 78 ,),* 67 :,),8'9G,) ,&8 45* 7. .9A)7 ,337*( , .(*
')9A&8,.7*< C, 98')(6&396( ., 4(6,.96,6 67 ?&7 ., 673.98,'()9, *7 +&767 98'7)+(87) ,8'7 7.
B&G:,6( 67. 6(4939.9( 67. 674,86,6(< +7)( *=.( , .(* 7@73'(* 67 C,37)., ..7:,) +() 7. 4769(
67 3(4&893,39=8 45* )5+96( +(*9A.7 ,. B&G:,6( ,8'7 7. ?&7 *7 C&A97), +)7*78',6( .,
674,86,.
4.J C/p"'"nci$ ."n<ric$
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C,37 ,.&*9=8 , ,.:( ?&7 7* 3(4K8 78 ;,)9,* 7*+7397* > *9 .( '(4,4(* ,*E< ,. C,A.,) 67 @,.', 67
3(4+7'7839, :78D)93, 7* 4&> *949.,) , ., @,.', 67 B&)9*69339=8. L, 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93, *7
,+.93,< 3&,86( 7F9*',8 ;,)9(* B&G:,6(* 67 .( 39;9. 3(8 &8, 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93, 3(4K8 +,),
'(6(* 7..(*< +7)( ?&7 678')( 67 7..(* *7 .7 C, ,')9A&96( , &8( 78 +,)'93&.,)96,6 7.
3(8(394978'( 67 &8, 4,'7)9, 78 7*+739,. > *7 +)7*78', ., 674,86, ,8'7 &8( 67 .(* (')(* > 8(
,8'7 D*'7< 67 ',. 4,87), *7 +(6)E, ,.7:,) ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93,% +() 7B74+.(L L,
CSJ 3)7, &8 B&G:,6( 67 @,49.9, 78 T7:&39:,.+,< ?&7 9:&,.478'7 +7)'78737 , ., B&)9*69339=8
39;9.< +7)( 7. 674,86,8'7 +)7*78', *& 674,86, 78 (')( B&G:,6( 67 .( 39;9. 67 T7:&39:,.+,<
?&7 8( (A*',8'7 '78:, 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, +,), 3(8(37) 67 '(6(* .(* ,*&8'(* 67 .( 39;9.< 8(
'9787 ., 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93, 67 @,49.9, +() C,AD)*7.7 ,')9A&96( ., 49*4, , (')( B&G:,6( 67
7*, 49*4, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,.< *7 +(6)E, ,.7:,) ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93,. C(4(
8( 7F9*'7 ., B&)9*69339=8 67 1,49.9, +() 7*',) 7*', 4,'7)9, 3(4+)78696, 678')( 67 .,
B&)9*69339=8 39;9.< .(* 6(3')98,)9(* C,8 ,3&-,6( 7. 'D)498( 3(4+7'7839, :78D)93, > ,*E +(6)E,
(3&))9) .( 49*4( 3(8 .,* 4,'7)9,* 67 47)3,8'9. > ')58*9'(< *9 ., CSJ ..7:,), ,')9A&9).7 ,
67'7)498,6(* B&G:,6(* 67 &8, 49*4, 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 B&6939,. 7. 3(8(394978'( 67 &8, 67
7*',* 4,'7)9,*/.
5.JR":(i!i'!
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61
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• E* (A.9:,'()9( *7-,.,) 7. B&G:,6( ?&7 *7 3)77 3(4+7'78'7< 3&,86( *7 ,.7:&7 78 .,
673.98,'()9, ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,..
• S9 *7 '),', 67 &8, 674,86, ?&7 67A7 '),49',)*7 3(8@()47 ,. +)(37*( ()698,)9( .,
673.98,'()9, *7 C,A)5 67 +)(+(87) 678')( 67 .(* 3983( %5/ +)947)(* 6E,* 67. +.,G(
+,), 3(8'7*',) , ., 674,86,. S9 *7 '),',)7 67 &8, 674,86, ?&7 67A, '),49',)*7
3(8@()47 ,. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< ., 673.98,'()9, 67A7)5 +)(+(87)*7 78 .(* 3983( %5/
+)947)(* 6E,* +(*'7)9()7* , ., 39',39=8 +,), ., ,&697839,.
• D7A7 +)7*78',)*7 +() 7*3)9'( > ,3(4+,-,6, 67 .(* +(67)7* > 6(3&478'(* 8737*,)9(*
+,), *& 7*'94,39=8
• D7A7)58 ,3(4+,-,)*7 3(8 ., *(.939'&6< .(* 6(3&478'(* ( +)9839+9(* 67 +)&7A, 78 ?&7
*7 @&867< *98( (A),)78 >, 78 7. 7F+76978'7 +() C,A7) *96( ,+()',6(* +() 7.
674,86,8'7.
• D7A7)58 ,6B&8',)*7 3(8 ., *(.939'&6< ',8',* 3(+9,* *94+.7* 3(4( ,*E *7, 7. )7*'( 67
.(* .9'9:,8'7*.
6.J E+"c'! %" #$ in'"rp!ici0n
D7*67 ?&7 7* 98'7)+&7*', *&*+7867 7. +.,G( +,), 3(8'7*',) ., 674,86, 78 7. +)(37*(
()698,)9(< ( 7. 3=4+&'( +,), 7. 6E, 67 ., ,&697839, 67. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< ,*E 3(4( 7. 3&)*(
67. +)(37694978'( +)9839+,..J N( (A*',8'7< *9 7. 674,86,8'7 *(.939',)7 ?&7 *7 ,6(+'78
47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* +,), 7;9',) 6,-(* 9))7+,),A.7* +() ., 69.,39=8 67. +)(37*(< .( 3&,. 67A7)5
B&*'9@93,) 67A96,478'7 ,6745* 67 +)7*',) ., 3,&39=8 , ., ?&7 7*'5 (A.9:,6(< *,.;( .,*
7F37+39(87* 3(8'74+.,6,* 78 ., .7> %,)'E3&.( 3"" CPC/< 7. B&G:,6( +(6)5 673)7',).,*< *,.;(
?&7 7. 674,86,6( )98697), 3,&39=8 *&@93978'7 +,), )7*+(867) +() .(* 6,-(* > +7)B&939(* ?&7
*7 3,&*,)78 78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 *& 7F37+39=8 67 673.98,'()9, 8( +)(*+7),)7. A&8?&7 8( .( 69:,
7F+)7*,478'7 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< 7*', 3,&39=8 ',4A9D8 67A7)5 3&A)9) , *& ;7G< *9 *7 '),',)7 67 &8,
674,86, 3(8 +)7'78*9(87* 673.,),'9;,* 67 3(8678, ,. +,:( 67 &8, 3,8'96,6 67'7)498,6,< 7.
4(8'( 67 .( )73.,4,6( > .,* 3(*',* 67. B&939(. I:&,.478'7 7. B&G:,6( +(6)5< , +7'939=8 67.
674,86,8'7< +),3'93,) 3&,.?&97) ,3'&,39=8 67 ,*7:&),4978'( 67 +)&7A, %,)'E3&.( 24$ CPC/.
A)'E3&.(* 4&> )7.,39(8,6(* 3(8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 45.3 *(8 .(* *9:&978'7*L 351< 354< 3"0.1< 3"5<
3"6< 3"" > 3$1 CPC. E*'7 K.'94( 7* 7. @&86,478'( +,), 6739) ?&7 8( A,*', ?&7 ., 3,&39=8
?&7 67A, )7869) 7. 674,86,6( +,), 7;9',) ., 47696, 3,&'7.,) 67A7 *7) *=.( +,), 3&A)9) .(*
6,-(* > +7)B&939(*< *98( ',4A9D8 +,), :,),8'9G,) 7. 7@73'9;( 3&4+.94978'( 67 ., *78'7839,
7*'94,'()9, ?&7 *7 693',)7.
7.JS(!'$nci$ci0n
7J1.J A649*9=8. E. J&G:,6( ,649'7 , ')549'7 ., 673.98,'()9, +() 4769( 67 +)(;967839,< 78 .,
3&,. ()678,)5 ?&7 *7 .7* 8('9@9?&7 , .,* 6745* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,* 78 7. +)(37*( > *7 .7*
78')7:&7 ., 3(+9, *94+.7 67 ., *(.939'&6 67 673.98,'()9,< 3(83769D86(.7* &8 +.,G( 67 3983(
6E,* 3(8',6(* , +,)'9) 67 ., K.'94, 8('9@93,39=8 +,), ?&7 *7 +)(8&83978 *(A)7 ., 49*4,<
,6C9)9D86(*7 ( 94+&:8586(.,< 67@7869786( 78 7*'7 3,*( ., 3(4+7'7839, ( B&)9*69339=8 67.
B&G:,6( ,8'7 ?&978 *7 +)7*78'=< 67A9786( ,+()',) 78 7*7 4(478'( .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 7*'9478
3(8;78978'7* +,), 67@7867) ., 3(4+7'7839, 67. B&G:,6(. A *& ;7G< ., +,)'7 674,86,8'7 +(6)5
,.7:,) ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67. B&G:,6( , @,;() 67. 3&,. *7 +)7'78697*7 673.98,)
62
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
7. 3(8(394978'( 67. ,*&8'(< *=.( *9 *7 C&A97*7 ,.7:,6( ., @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. 67.
B&G:,6( 67 ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67. ,*&8'(.
7J2.J R7*(.&39=8. E. B&G:,6( '786)5 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* +,), 693',) 7. ,&'( ?&7 )7*&7.;,
*(A)7 ., 673.98,'()9,. E*'7 +.,G( 74+97G, , 3())7) , +,)'9) 67 ., K.'94, 8('9@93,39=8 , .,*
+,)'7* 67 ., +)(;967839, ?&7 693', 7. B&G:,6( '789786( +() 98'7)+&7*', ., (+(*939=8 )7,.9G,6,
+() 7. K.'94( 67 .,* 6745* +,)'7* ( 78 *& 3,*(< 67 ., +)(;967839, 78 ?&7 673.,), +)73.&96( 7.
+.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* 3(837696( , .,* +,)'7* +,), C,37) (+(*939=8< *98 ?&7 898:&8, .( C&A97)7
C73C(.
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S7 +&7678 +)7*78',) ;,)9(* '9+(* 67 )7*(.&39=8< ?&7 *974+)7 *7)5 78 @()4, 67 ,&'(< *7:K8 *7,
., 3.,*7 67 673.98,'()9, ?&7 *7 98'7)+&*(.
,/.J S9 ., 673.98,'()9, *7 +)7*78'= +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3,)73E, 67 B&)9*69339=8< +()
3())7*+(867) 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. ,*&8'( , .(* ')9A&8,.7* 67 (')( E*',6(< .( 673.,),)5 ,*E
4769,8'7 ,&'(< ,A*'789D86(*7 67 3(8(37) > *(A)7*7>786( 7. +)(37*(.
A/.J S9 *7 C&A97)7 98'7)+&7*'( +() C,A7)*7 *(47'96( 7. ,*&8'( , ,)A9'),B7< )7*(.;7)5 67 .,
49*4, 4,87), ?&7 78 ., ,8'7)9().
3/.J S9 ., 673.98,'()9, *7 98'7)+&*( +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3,)737 67 B&)9*69339=8 +()
3())7*+(867) 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. ,*&8'( , (')( ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. C(86&)7-(< 693',)5 ,&'(
78 7. ?&7 673.,),)5 ?&7 *7 ,A*'9787 67 3(8(37) > *7-,.,)5 , .,* +,)'7* ,8'7 ?&D =):,8(*
+(6)58 C,37) &*( 67 *& 67)73C(.
6/.J S9 *7 98'7)+&*( ., 673.98,'()9, +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3,)737 67 3(4+7'7839,
(AB7'9;,< 693',)5 ,&'( 78 6(867 673.,),)5 ?&7 *7 ,A*'9787 67. 3(8(394978'( > *7-,.,)5 , .,*
+,)'7* 7. =):,8( ,8'7 ?&978 +&7678 +)7*78',) ., 674,86,.
7/.J S9 *7 C&A97)7 98'7)+&7*'( 673.98,'()9, )7.,'9;, , ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. > D*', 8(
;9897)7 67'7)498,6, +() )7:.,* 94+7),'9;,*< 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< +,), 7*'94,).,< C,A)5 67
3(8*967),) 3(4+7'78'7 ,. =):,8( *7-,.,6( +() 7. +)(4('() 67 ., 673.98,'()9,.
@/.J S9 ., 673.98,'()9, *7 98'7)+&*( +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3,)737 67 3(4+7'7839,
'7))9'()9,. > D*', 8( 7*'5 67'7)498,6, +() 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< 7. B&G:,6(< *9
673.,), +)(37678'7 ., *(.939'&6 C,A)5 67 3(8*967),) 3(4+7'78'7 ,. =):,8( *7-,.,6( +() 7.
+)(4('() 67 ., 673.98,'()9,. V E8 7*'7 3,*( 78 7*+739,.< 3(4( >, *7 69B( ,8'7)9()478'7< 7.
674,86,8'7 '&;( ?&7 +)(8&839,)*7 78 .(* 3983( 6E,* ?&7 *7 .7 697)(8 +,), 94+&:8,) .,
673.98,'()9,< *(A)7 *9 7. B&G:,6( ?&7 *7-,., 7. +)(4('() 67 ., 673.98,'()9, 3(4( 7.
3(4+7'78'7< 7* ( 8( 7. 3(4+7'78'7 > +() .( ',8'( 7. B&7G ?&7 693', ., )7*(.&39=8 673969786(
*(A)7 ., 673.98,'()9, 67A7)5 7F+(87) 78 7. ,&'( .,* ),G(87* 67. +() ?&D 3(8*967), *9 7*
3(4+7'78'7 ( 8( 7. B&G:,6( *7-,.,6( +() 7. +)(4('() 67 ., 673.98,'()9,.
N='7*7 ?&7 7. ,)'E3&.( 46 CPC 8( )73(:7 7. '9+( 67 )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 C,A)5 67 693',)*7 *9 .,
673.98,'()9, @&7 98'7)+&7*', +() 3(8*967),) ?&7 7. B&G:,6( 3,)737 67 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,.
3&,86( D*', ;9897*7 67'7)498,6, +() 8()4,* 67 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(M +7)( 67@989'9;,478'7< *7
67A7)5 693',) &8 ,&'( 4769,8'7 7. 3&,. 7. ')9A&8,. *7 673.,), 983(4+7'78'7 >< 78 7*'7 3,*( > 78
7. ,8'7)9()< 67B,)5 67 3(8(37) 7. ,*&8'( > )749'9)5 7. 7F+76978'7 ,. =):,8( ,. ?&7 3())7*+(86,
., 3(4+7'7839, 3(8 74+.,G,4978'( 67 .,* +,)'7* +,), ?&7 3(4+,)7G3,8 ,8'7 D. 78 7. +.,G( 67
697G %10/ 6E,*.
63
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
$.J R"c(r!!
N(* 783(8'),4(* 3(8 ., *9'&,39=8 67 ?&7 67+7869786( 67. '9+( 67 )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 *7 749',< *7
+(6)58 98'7)+(87) 69*'98',* 3.,*7* 67 )73&)*(. A*E '7874(* .,* *9:&978'7* +(*9A9.96,67*L
1O.J S98 +7)B&939( 67. )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8< *7 98'7)+(86)5 7. )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 3(8'), 7.
,&'( ?&7 673.,)7 3(8 .&:,) ., 673.98,'()9, +() @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, 98'7)8,39(8,.< ( +()
+7)'78737) 7. ,*&8'( , ')9A&8,. 67 (')( ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. ( +() C,A7)*7 *(47'96( 7. ,*&8'(
, ,)A9'),B7 > ',4A9D8 +() @,.', 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;,.
2O.J S=.( +)(3767 7. )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8 3(8'), 7. ,&'( ?&7 ., 673.,)7 *98 .&:,) +() @,.', 67
3(4+7'7839, 98'7)8,39(8,.< 67 B&)9*69339=8 ( 67 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, (< 78 *& 3,*(<
@&839(8,.< *98 +7)B&939( 67 ,.7:,)< 67 *7) +)(37678'7< ., @,.', 67 7*(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7*
78 ., ,+7.,39=8 3(8'), ., *78'7839, 67@989'9;,.J
CAP5TULO III
CUESTIONES PREJUDICIALES
ART5CULO @F-4 PREJUDICIALIDAD-
L! )(7.$%! ci,i#"! "n $!(n'! %" !( c/p"'"nci$ p%r>n cnc"r; $ #! !#! "+"c'!
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ci,i#"! !1r" "!'$! c("!'in"! n !(r'ir> "+"c' +("r$ %"# prc"! "n :(" !" pr%(7c$-

ART5CULO @H-4 PREJUDICIALIDAD PENAL- SUSPENSIÓN-
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c/ &"c&! %" $p$ri"nci$ %"#ic'i,$; $#.(n $#.(n! %" #! :(" +(n%$/"n'"n #$!
pr"'"n!in"! %" #$! p$r'"! "n "# prc"! ci,i#-
1) J(" #$ %"ci!i0n %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# p"n$# $c"rc$ %"# &"c& pr "# :(" !"
prc"%" "n c$(!$ cri/in$#; p("%$ '"n"r in+#("nci$ %"ci!i,$ "n #$ r"!#(ci0n !1r" "#
$!(n' ci,i#-
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+ici $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; c($n% "# prc"! "!'< p"n%i"n'" !0# %" !"n'"nci$;
!$#, :(" #$ !(!p"n!i0n ,"n.$ /'i,$%$ pr #$ p!i1#" "?i!'"nci$ %" (n %"#i' %"
64
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+$#!"%$% %" $#.(n %" #! %c(/"n'! $pr'$%!; "n c(* c$! !" $cr%$r> !in
"!p"r$r $ #$ cnc#(!i0n %"# prc"%i/i"n'; '$n prn' c/ !" $cr"%i'" :(" !" !i.("
c$(!$ cri/in$# !1r" $:("# %"#i'; * :("; $ )(ici %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#; "#
%c(/"n' p(%i"r$ !"r %"ci!i, p$r$ r"!#,"r !1r" "# +n% %"# $!(n'- Si #$ p$r'"
$ :(i"n +$,r"c" "# %c(/"n' r"n(nci$ $ <#; n !" $cr%$r> #$ !(!p"n!i0n !"
#",$n'$r> #$ /i!/$-

ART5CULO BI-4 LEVANTAMIENTO DE LA SUSPENSIÓN- EFECTOS-
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/'i, :(" &$*$ i/p"%i% !( nr/$# cn'in($ci0n-
8- Si "# prc"! p"n$# !1r" +$#!"%$% %" (n %c(/"n' +("!" inc$% pr %"n(nci$
:("r"##$ %" (n$ %" #$! p$r'"! * +in$#i7$r" pr r"!#(ci0n "n :(" !" %"c#$r" !"r
$('<n'ic "# %c(/"n' n &$1"r!" pr1$% !( +$#!"%$%; #$ p$r'" $ :(i"n &(1i"r"
p"r)(%ic$% #$ !(!p"n!i0n %"# prc"! ci,i# p("%" p"%ir "n <!'" in%"/ni7$ci0n %"
%$D! * p"r)(ici!; cn $rr".# $ # %i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.-

ART5CULO B3-4RECURSOS CONTRA LA RESOLUCIÓN DE SUSPENSION

3- Cn'r$ #$ r"!#(ci0n :(" %"ni".(" #$ !(!p"n!i0n %" #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %"# prc"! ci,i#
"n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$; !# !" p%r> in'"rpn"r r"c(r! %" r"p!ici0n r"pr%(cir
#$ !#ici'(% %" !(!p"n!i0n %(r$n'" #$ !".(n%$ in!'$nci$ *; "n !( c$!; %(r$n'" #$
'r$/i'$ci0n %"# r"c(r! "?'r$r%in$ri %" c$!$ci0n-
8- Cn'r$ "# $(' :(" $c("r%" #$ !(!p"n!i0n "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ c$1r> r"c(r! %"
$p"#$ci0n-
Co)etarios*
N(* 783(8'),4(* 78 7*'(* ,)'E3&.(* 3(8 &8 8&7;( 'D)498(< ?&7 8( (A*',8'7< 3(4( >, .(
;7)74(*< 3(4+)7867 78 397)', 4,87),< &8, ;97B, @9:&), >, 3(8(396, 78 7. C=69:( 67
P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06< 3&,. 7* ., +)7B&6939,.96,6 +78,.. N(* )7@7)94(* , .( ?&7 *7
69*+(8E, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 1$4 67 693C( 3&7)+( .7:,.< ?&7 '7F'&,.478'7 6937 ,*EL HN( (A*',8'7 .(
69*+&7*'( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( ,8'7)9()< .(* J&737* > T)9A&8,.7*< 3&,86( C&A97)78 67 @&86,)
7F3.&*9;,478'7 ., *78'7839, 78 7. *&+&7*'( 67 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 &8 67.9'(< *&*+7867)58 7. @,..( 67.
+.79'( C,*', ., '7)498,39=8 67. +)(37694978'( 3)9498,.< *9 (E6( 7. 19*3,.< 7*'94,)78 +)(37678'7 .,
@()4,39=8 67 3,&*,.I S98 74A,):(< 3(4( .,* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* 67. CPC 67 787)( 67.
2007 8( *(.( 3(8'74+., 7*', @9:&), > +() *7) .,* 6745* '(',.478'7 8&7;,* +,), 7. ;(3,A&.,)9(
B&)E693( C(86&)7-(< 3)774(* ?&7 7* 3(8;78978'7 6,) &8 3(837+'( 67 .( ?&7 *(8 .,* 3&7*'9(87*
+)7B&6939,.7* 78 7. 49*4(.
L,* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* *(8 7.7478'(* 67 C73C( 98'7:),8'7* 67 &8, 3,&*, 67 +769) (
+)7'78*9(87* 3(87F,* 67 ., +)9839+,.< ?&7 +)739*,8 67 &8, ;,.(),39=8 B&)E693, > 3(8*9:&978'7
65
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
673.,),39=8 +() 7. ')9A&8,. 67. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. 3(4+7'78'7< +)7;9, 7 9867+786978'7< +7)(
8737*,)9, +,), ., '(',. ( +.78, 98'7:),39=8 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 +)9839+,.. E*'7 3(837+'( 8(* 6, .,
+,&', +,), 9678'9@93,) 3&586( 7F9*'78 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* 78 &8 +)(37*( > .(* )7?&9*9'(*
+,), ?&7 +)(376,8 .,* 49*4,*. E. ,)'E3&.( 4" CPC< +() +)947), ;7G 78 H(86&),*< 98')(6&37
., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 39;9.7* 3(8(G3,8 78 674,86,* +&),478'7 39;9.7*< ,*&8'(*
?&7 8( 7*'D8 678')( 67 *& ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. +() +7)'78737) ,. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. .,A(),. (
,. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. 3(8'7839(*( ,64989*'),'9;(. E. B&G:,6( 39;9. 67A7)5 )7*(.;7) 7*'(*
,*&8'(* +)7;9,478'7< +7)( 78 ., 49*4, *78'7839, ?&7 +(86)5 @98 ,. +.79'( 39;9.< C,39786(
+)(8&839,4978'(* +() *7+,),6( *(A)7 7..(*.
1.J R":(i!i'! %" #$! c("!'in"! pr")(%ici$#"!-
L(* +)7*&+&7*'(* > .(* )7?&9*9'(* 67 .,* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* *(8 .(* *9:&978'7*L
• 2&7 .(* 7.7478'(* 67 C73C( 98'7:)78 7. @&86,478'( 67 ., 3,&*, 67 +769)
• 2&7 *7,8 )7.7;,8'7* +,), 673969) *(A)7 ., 3&7*'9=8 +)9839+,.
• N737*9'78 ;,.(),39=8 B&)E693, +)7;9, 7 9867+786978'7 67 ., 3&7*'9=8 +)9839+,.
2.J C$r$c'"r2!'ic$! princip$#"! %" #$! pr")(%ici$#i%$%"! cn'"nci! $%/ini!'r$'i, * %"
#$ #$1r$#-
L,* 3,),3'7)E*'93,* 7*7839,.7* 67 .,* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* *(8 .,* *9:&978'7*L
• N( *&)'78 7@73'(* @&7), 67. +)(37*( 39;9.
• N( *&*+78678 7. +)(37*( 39;9.
• S7 )7*&7.;78 +() *7+,),6( 78 ., *78'7839,
• E. T)9A&8,. 39;9.< ,. )7*(.;7).,*< ,+.93,)5 .,* 8()4,* *&*',8'9;,* +)(+9,* 67 .,
B&)9*69339=8 , ?&7 +7)'787G3, ., 3&7*'9=8 +)7B&6939,..
• A.:&8(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( 3)778 ?&7 7*',* 3&7*'9(87* +)7B&6939,.7* )7.,'9;,*
, .( 3(8'7839(*(* ,64989*'),'9;( > , .( .,A(),. 67A78 *7) )7*&7.',* ,8'7* 67 .,
*78'7839,< +() 4769( 67 &8 ')549'7 9839678',. > +,), .( 3&,. *7 @()4,)5 +97G,
*7+,),6,. N( (A*',8'7< > , +7*,) ?&7 *7)E, ;9,A.7 )7*(.;7) ., 3&7*'9=8 67 7*, 4,87),<
3)774(* ?&7 8( 7* 8737*,)9( *&*',839,)., 9839678',.478'7 > 7* *&@93978'7 C,37)
+)(8&839,4978'(* +() *7+,),6( *(A)7 ., 49*4, 78 ., *78'7839, ?&7 )7*&7.;, .,
3&7*'9=8 .9'9:9(*, +)9839+,..
3.J L$ Pr")(%ici$#i%$% p"n$#
L, P)7B&6939,.96,6 +78,. *&+(87 ?&7 693C, 3&7*'9=8 67A7 *7) )7*&7.', +)7;9,478'7 +() 7.
=):,8( +78,. 3(4+7'78'7 > +() .( ',8'( *7 7F9:7 ?&7L
1.J L(* C73C(* 67A78 '787) )7.,39=8 3(8 .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 ., 3,&*, 39;9.
2.J 2&7 *7 C,>, 983(,6( 3,&*, 3)9498,.
3.J E8 7*', *7 67A7 *7:&9) 98;7*'9:,86( ( 78B&939,86(
4.J 2&7 .(* C73C(* *7,8 3(8*'9'&'9;(* 67 67.9'(*< 8( 67 47),* @,.',*
L, 3(8*73&7839, 67 ., P)7B&6939,.96,6 +78,. 7* ?&7 *7 *&*+7867 7. +)(37*( 39;9. C,*', ?&7
)73,9:, )7*(.&39=8 @9)47 78 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 39;9..J P7)( +,), ?&7 7*', +)(376, *7
8737*9',L
66
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• A3)769',) ., 7F9*'7839, 67 3,&*, 3)9498,. 78 ?&7 *7 98;7*'9:&78 C73C(* 67 ,+,)97839,
67.93'9;, ?&7 @&86,478'78 ., +)7'78*9=8 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.
• 2&7 ., *78'7839, 78 .( +78,. +&76, '787) 98@.&7839, 6739*9;, 78 ., *78'7839, 39;9.
4.J M/"n' %" #$ !(!p"n!i0n %"# prc"! ci,i#
P() .( :787),.< ., *&*+78*9=8 67. +)(37*( 39;9. '786)5 .&:,) 3&,86( *=.( 7*'D +786978'7 67
693',) ., *78'7839, > +() .( ',8'( ',8 +)(8'( *7 ',3C7 67 @,.*76,6 &8 6(3&478'( ,+()',6(
3(4( +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9. > *7 ,3)769'7 ?&7 *7 *9:&7 3,&*, 3)9498,. *(A)7 7*7 67.9'( >
?&7 , 3)9'7)9( 67. ')9A&8,. 39;9. 7*7 6(3&478'( *7, 6739*9;( +,), )7*(.;7) *(A)7 7. @(86( 67.
,*&8'( 39;9..J
5.J C"!$ci0n %" #$ !(!p"n!i0n:
E. J&7G 67 .( 39;9. ()678,)5 ., 37*,39=8 67 ., *&*+78*9=8 > *7:&9)5 3(8 ., '),49',39=8 67.
+)(37*( 39;9. 78 .(* *9:&978'7* 3,*(*L ,/ A. '7)498,) 7. +)(37*( +78,. ( 8( *7 +&76, 3(8'98&,)
7. 49*4( +() 4('9;( B&*'9@93,6(M A/ C&,86( ., +,)'7 78 .( 39;9. )78&8397 ,. 6(3&478'(
',3C,6( 67 @,.*(.
6.J R"c(r!! cn'r$ "# $(' :(" %"cr"'" #$ !(!p"n!i0n %"# prc"! ci,i#
1.J C(8'), ., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 67897:&7 ., *&*+78*9=8 67 ., '),49',39=8 67. +)(37*( 39;9. 78
+)947), 98*',839,< *(.( *7 +(6)5 98'7)+(87) )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8 ( )7+)(6&39) ., *(.939'&6 67
*&*+78*9=8 6&),8'7 ., *7:&86, 98*',839, >< 78 *& 3,*(< 6&),8'7 ., '),49',39=8 67. )73&)*(
7F'),()698,)9( 67 3,*,39=8.
2.J C(8'), 7. ,&'( ?&7 ,3&7)67 ., *&*+78*9=8 78 +)947), 98*',839, 3,A)5 )73&)*( 67
,+7.,39=8.
TITULO SEGUNDO
ABSTENCIÓN Y RECUSACIÓN
CAPITULO UNICO
ART5CULO B8-4 DE LA ABSTENCIÓN Y RECUSACIÓN-
L! )("c"! * /$.i!'r$%! * #! $(?i#i$r"! %" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! "!'>n 1#i.$%! $
in'"r,"nir "n '%! #! prc"%i/i"n'! :(" !" 'r$/i'"n $n'" "##!- Sin "/1$r.; %"1"r>n
$1!'"n"r!" !in "!p"r$r $ :(" !" #"! r"c(!" !i cnc(rr" "n "##! $#.(n$ %" #$! c$(!$! %"
r"c(!$ci0n %"'"r/in$%$! "n #$ L"* Or.>nic$ %"# P%"r J(%ici$#-4
Co)etario*
T(6( .( )7@7)78'7 , ., ,A*'7839=8 > )73&*,39=8 67 B&737*< 4,:9*'),6(* > ,&F9.9,)7* 67 .(*
=):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 78 7. 54A9'( 39;9.< 983.&>786( , .(* @9*3,.7*< 7*'5 )7:&.,6( 78 7.
C,+E'&.( Z893(< TE'&.( S7:&86( 67. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC. L, B&*'939, 67A7 *7) 94+,)'96,
+() B&737* +)(A(* 7 94+,)39,.7*. L,* +,)'7* ?&7 ,3&678 , .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 67A78
67 '787) :,),8'9G,6, ?&7 7*', 45F94, 7*7839,. 78 7. E*',6( 67 D7)73C( *7 3&4+., *98
7F37+39=8. P() 7*, ),G=8 ., .7> .7* C, +)(+()39(8,6( 7. 473,89*4( 67 ., )73&*,39=8 3(8 7.
67
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
(AB7'( 67 ,+,)',) 67. 3(8(394978'( 67 &8 ,*&8'( 78 +,)'93&.,) ,. J&7G ?&7 3(8(37)5 ( 7*'5
3(8(39786( 67 ., 3,&*,< 3&,86( C,>, 986939(* 67 ?&7 +(6)E, 8( *7) 94+,)39,.< +() 7*',)
3(4+)78696( 678')( 67 397)',* 3,&*,* ?&7 ., .7> C, 78&47),6( ',F,'9;,478'7M 983.&*( (+7),
7*'7 473,89*4( +,), .(* 4,:9*'),6(* 67 .(* ')9A&8,.7* *&+7)9()7* > +,), '(6(* .(* ,&F9.9,)7*
?&7 .,A()78 78 7*7 =):,8( B&6939,. 3(83)7'(. L( 49*4( (3&))7 3(8 .(* )7+)7*78',8'7* 67.
M989*'7)9( PKA.93(< ?&7 ,&8?&7 8( .,A(),8 78 7. P(67) J&6939,.< *E *(8 ,&F9.9,)7* 67. 49*4(<
3&,86( 98'7);78:,8 8( 3(4( +,)'7 78 &8 +)(37*( 67'7)498,6(< *98( ?&7 3(4( 693',498,6()
3&,86( *7 67A, (E) *& (+989=8.
A .(* 49*4(* B&737*< 4,:9*'),6(* > ,&F9.9,)7* ., .7> .7* +(87 , *& ,.3,837 ., @9:&), 67 .,
,A*'7839=8< +,), ?&7< *98 7*+7),) , ?&7 *7 .7* )73&*7< *7 ,+,)'78 ;(.&8',)9,478'7 67 &8 ,*&8'(
3(83)7'(< +,), 7;9',) *&*+93,39,* 78 7. 3,*( 67 783(8'),*7 78 ,.:&8, 67 .,* 3,&*,.7* 67
)73&*,39=8.J
D7 '(6( 7*'( 7* .( ?&7 '),',8 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. 52 ,. 5" CPC 983.&*9;7< .(* ?&7 , 3(8'98&,39=8
3(478',4(*. N( (A*',8'7 ?&7 ., )73&*,39=8 '9787 7*',A.7396( *& +)(+9( ')549'7 9839678',.< *7
.7 67A7 ,+.93,) 7. +)9839+9( :787),. 7*',A.7396( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 416 67. CPCM 7* 6739)< *7 67A7
@()4,) +97G, *7+,),6, +,), 8( 98'7))&4+9) ., 4,)3C, 7F+769', 67. +)(37*(M ,&8?&7< 3(4( >,
.( ;7)74(*< 78 397)'( 4(478'( 67 *& 67*,))(..( *7 *7:&9)58 .(* ')549'7* :787),.7* 67.
9839678'7 %;7) ,)'E3&.( 57 8P 4/.J L,* C,&*,* 67 ,A*'7839=8< *(8 .,* 49*4,* 3,&*,* 67
)73&*,39=8 ?&7 67'7)498,)5 ., L7> O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,. > +() ,C(), *7 783&78'),8
7*',A.7396,* 78 ., L7> 67 O):,89G,39=8 > A')9A&39=8 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7* %LOAT/< 78 7. A)'.
1""< ?&7 98693, 3(4( 3,&*,* 67 )73&*,39=8 .,* *9:&978'7*L
56.7 El parentesco dentro del c!arto grado de consag!inidad o seg!ndo de a/inidad con
c!al!iera de los e2presados en el art0c!lo anterior *Los !e sean parte o se m!estren
parte en ellos).7
86.7 El mismo parentesco dentro del seg!ndo grado de consang!inidad o a/inidad con el
Abogado o Proc!rador de alg!na de las partes !e intervengan en el pleito o en la
ca!sa.
96.7 Estar o "aber sido den!nciado o ac!sado por alg!na de ellas como a!tor, cómplice o
enc!bridor de !n delito, o como a!tor de !na /alta.
:6.7 ;aber sido de/ensor de alg!na de las partes, emitido dictamen sobre el pleito o proceso,
o alg!na de s!s incidencia, como letrado o intervenido en <l como =iscal, perito o
testigo.
>6.7 Ser o "aber sido den!nciador o ac!sador privado del !e rec!sa.
?6.7 Ser o "aber sido t!tor o c!rador de alg!no !e sea parte en el pleito o en la ca!sa.
@6.7 ;aber estado en t!tela o c!rad!r0a de alg!no de los e2presados en el n(mero anterior.
A6.7 Bener pleito pendiente con el rec!sante.
C6.7 Bener inter<s directo o indirecto en el pleito o en la ca!sa.
5D6.7 Amistad 0ntima.
5567 Enemistad mani/iesta.
1&7), 67 7*',* 3,&*,*< .(* @&839(8,)9(* B&6939,.7* 8( +(6)58 98;(3,) ,.:&8, ('), +,),
,A*'787)*7 67 3(8(37) 67'7)498,6( ,*&8'( > ',4+(3( .,* +,)'7* .( +(6)58 )73&*,) +() ('),
3,&*, 8( 78&47),6, ,8'7)9()478'7. L(* J&737*< 4,:9*'),6(* > ,&F9.9,)7* ?&7 *7 3(8*967)78
6"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(4+)78696(* 78 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* 3,&*,* 67. ,)'E3&.( 1"" %?&7 *7:&),478'7 *7)58 .,*
49*4,* 3&,86( *7 +(8:, 78 ;9:7839, ., L7> O):5893, 67. +(67) J&6939,./< 67A7)58 7F3&*,)*7
67. 3(8(394978'( 67. 87:(39( *98 7*+7),) , ?&7 *7 .7* )73&*7.
AA*'7839=8 > )73&*,39=8 '97878 78 3(4K8 *& 7*')73C, )7.,39=8 3(8 7. 67)73C( ,. B&7G
94+,)39,. > *(8 .,* 49*4,* .,* 3,&*,* 78 ?&7 +&7678 A,*,)*7 &8, > ('),< ,&8?&7 ;,)E, .,
+7)*+73'9;,.
• L, $1!'"nci0n (A.9:, ,. B&7G , ,+,)',)*7 67. 3(8(394978'( 67 &8 ,*&8'( 78 7.
?&7 +(6)E, ;7)*7 3(4+)(47'96, *& 94+,)39,.96,6< *974+)7 ?&7 3(83&)), ,.:&8, 67 .,*
3,&*,* .7:,.478'7 +)7;9*',*. C(8*'9'&>7 &8, 7F37+39=8 , ., (A.9:,39=8 ?&7 7. ,)'. 52
CPC 94+(87 ,. B&7G 67 98'7);789) 78 .(* +)(37694978'(* ?&7 .7 7*'D8 ,')9A&96(*
.7:,.478'7.
• L, r"c(!$ci0n @,3&.', , ?&978 7* +,)'7 78 7. +)(37*( , 98;(3,) .,
3(83&))7839, 67 ,.:&8, 67 .,* 3,&*,* +() ., ?&7 67A9= 7. B&7G ,A*'787)*7 > 8( .( C9G(<
+,), 3(8*7:&9) ,+,)',).7 67. 3(8(394978'( 67. +)(37*(.
• M978'),* ., ,A*'7839=8 7* &8, (A.9:,39=8 67. B&7G< ., )73&*,39=8 7* &8,
@,3&.',6 67 ., +,)'7.
C(4( *(*'9787 ., B&)9*+)&67839, 67. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. 67 E*+,-,< 7F9*'7 &8, 7*')73C,
)7.,39=8 78')7 ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67. J&7G > .,* 3,&*,* 67 ,A*'7839=8 > )73&*,39=8 %SSTCE
13"W1$"5< 145W1$"" > 136W1$$2/< +&7* D*',* *(8 7. )74769( ,)A9'),6( +() 7. .7:9*.,6() +,),
,*7:&),) ?&7 7. B&7G ?&7 3(8(37 67. +)(37*( 8( '9787 )7.,39=8 3(8 .,* +,)'7* ( 3(8 *& (AB7'(
?&7 .7 C,:,8 *(*+73C(*( 67 +,)39,.96,6. E. 67)73C( ,. J&7G 94+,)39,. 7* &8 67)73C(
@&86,478',. ?&7 *7 7F9:7 78 '(6( '9+( 67 +)(37*(*< ',4A9D8 .(* 39;9.7*.
R73&7)6,8 .,* S78'7839,* 67. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. 67 E*+,-, %SSTCE/ 8K47)(* 101 67
1$"4 > 6 67 1$$7 ?&7 7. 67)73C( 67 '(6, +7)*(8, , ?&7 *& 3,&*, *7, B&G:,6, H+() &8 T)9A&8,.
9867+786978'7 7 94+,)39,.< 7*',A.7396( +() ., L7>I *7 7F'97867 H, .(* .9'9:9(* *(A)7 67)73C(*
> (A.9:,39(87* 67 3,)53'7) 39;9.I< *7:K8 7. ,)'. 6.1 67. C(8;789( 67 R(4, 67 1$50< > ,*E C,
*96( 98'7)+)7',6( +() 7. T)9A&8,. E&)(+7( 67 D7)73C(* H&4,8(* 78 ;,)9,* S78'7839,* %,*E< .,
67 21 67 @7A)7)( 67 1$75< 3,*( G(.67)M ., 67 2" 67 B&.9( 67 1$"1< 3,*( L7 C(4+'7< > ., 67 24
67 *7+'974A)7 67 1$"2< 3,*( S+())(8:/. D7 4(6( 3(9839678'7< 7. ,)'. 14.1 67. P,3'( 67
N&7;, Y()[ 67 1$66 *(A)7 67)73C(* 39;9.7* > +(.E'93(*< 7*',A.737 ?&7 H'(6, +7)*(8, '786)5
67)73C( , *7) (E6, +KA.93,478'7 > 3(8 .,* 67A96,* :,),8'E,* +() &8 T)9A&8,. 3(4+7'78'7
9867+786978'7 7 94+,)39,.< 7*',A.7396( J\P+() ., L7>] +,), ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 *&* 67)73C(*
& (A.9:,39(87* 67 3,)53'7) 39;9.I. T9787 98'7)D* '),8*3)9A9) +,)'7 67 ., STCE 162W1$$$L HL,
94+,)39,.96,6 67. T)9A&8,. ,+,)737 ,*E 3(4( &8, 7F9:7839, A5*93, 67. +)(37*( 67A96( JH.,
+)947), 67 7..,*I< *7:K8 7F+)7*9=8 67 ., STC 60W1$$5< @&86,478'( B&)E693( 3J< 69)9:96, ,
:,),8'9G,) ?&7 ., ),G(8,A9.96,6 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 67 3(8678, *7, 6739696,< 3(8@()47 , ., .7><
+() &8 '7)37)( ,B78( , .(* 98'7)7*7* 78 .9'9:9( >< +() ',8'(< , *&* '9'&.,)7* > , .,* @&839(87* ?&7
67*74+7-,8 78 7. +)(37*(. P() 7*(< 78 ., STC 2$$W1$$4< '&;94(* (+()'&896,6 67 )73()6,)
?&7 7. 67)73C( ,. J&7G 94+,)39,. 7* H] &8 67)73C( ?&7< 3(4( *7 67*+)7867 67 &8, )79'7),6,
6(3')98, 67 7*'7 T)9A&8,.< *9:&9786( ., *78',6, 78 7. T.E.D.H. %S78'7839,* 67 26 67 (3'&A)7
67 1$"4< 3,*( D7 C&AA7)< > 67 1 67 (3'&A)7 67 1$"2< 3,*( P,)*73/< 3(8*'9'&>7 *98 6&6, &8,
6$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@&86,478',. :,),8'E, 78 ., A64989*'),39=8 67 J&*'939, +)(+9, 67 &8 E*',6( 67 D7)73C( %,)'.
1.1 C.E./< 67 ,CE ?&7 67A, 3(8*967),)*7 98C7)78'7 , .(* 67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* ,. J&7G .7:,.
> , &8 +)(37*( 3(8 '(6,* .,* :,),8'E,* %,)'. 24.2 C.E./ %SSTC 47W1$"2< 261W1$"4< 44W1$"5<
14"W1$"7< 145W1$""< 106W1$"$< 13"W1$$1 ( 2"2W1$$3< 78')7 ('),*/I< 67*67 7. 4(478'( 78
?&7 ., 8(', 67 94+,)39,.96,6 @()4, +,)'7 67 ., 967, 67 J&7G 78 ., '),6939=8 3(8*'9'&39(8,.. S7)
'7)37)( 78')7 +,)'7*< +7)4,8737) ,B78( , .(* 98'7)7*7* 78 .9'9:9( > *(47'7)*7 7F3.&*9;,478'7
,. O)678,4978'( B&)E693( 3(4( 3)9'7)9( 67 B&939(< *(8 8(',* 7*7839,.7* ?&7 3,),3'7)9G,8 .,
@&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,. 67*74+7-,6, +() J&737* > M,:9*'),6(*. A +)('7:7).,* *7 69)9:78< *98
6&6,< .,* 7F9:7839,* 67 94+,)39,.96,6. L, *&B739=8 7*')93', , ., .7> :,),8'9G, ., (AB7'9;96,6 7
94+,)39,.96,6 67. B&939( 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7*< 7* 6739)< 7. )7*&.',6( 67. 78B&939,4978'(I.
L, 6(3')98, 67. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. 67 E*+,-,< ,+.93,A.7 , (')(* 54A9'(* B&)E693(*< +&767
)7*&49)*7 78 .(* *9:&978'7* +&8'(*L
1P. L, 94+,)39,.96,6 67. ')9A&8,. 7* &8, 7F9:7839, A5*93, 67. +)(37*(< 7* 98C7)78'7 ,
.(* 67)73C(* ,. B&7G .7:,. > , &8 +)(37*( 3(8 '(6,* .,* :,),8'E,*.
2P. S& @&86,478'( )7*967 78 :,),8'9G,) ?&7 7. K893( 7.7478'( 67 B&939( ?&7 ;, ,
&'9.9G,) 7. J&7G +,), )7*(.;7) 7. .9'9:9( 7* ., L7> >< +,), 7..(< 7* +)739*( 3(8*7:&9) ?&7 7. B&7G
*7, &8 '7)37)( ,B78( , .(* 98'7)7*7* 78 .9'9:9(< *7+,),6( > ,.7B,6( 67 .,* +,)'7*.
3P. P,), .(:),) 7*, *7+,),39=8 > ,.7B,4978'(< 7* +)739*( &'9.9G,)< 78 '974+( > @()4,<
.(* 473,89*4(* 67 ., )73&*,39=8 ?&7 *7 3(873',8 3(8 ., 8737*96,6 67 ?&7 7. B&7G 8( '78:,
3(87F9(87* ,3)769',6,* ?&7 +&76,8 7F'7)9()9G,) &8, +)7;9, '(4, 67 +(*939=8 ,8E493, , @,;()
( 78 3(8'), 67 .,* +,)'7*.
4P. E*,* 3(87F9(87*< ?&7 +&7678 94+.93,) ., 7F9*'7839, 67 4('9;(* 7*+&)9(* 78 .,
6739*9=8< C,8 67 ,8,.9G,)*7 67*67 ., +7)*+73'9;, *&AB7'9;, %.( ?&7 7F9:7 7F3.&9) ?&7 7. B&7G 78
*& @&7)( 98'7)8( C,>, '(4,6( +,)'96( +)7;9,478'7 ( ;,>, , A,*,) *& 6739*9=8 78 +)7B&939(*
9867A96,478'7 ,6?&9)96(*/ > 67*67 ., +7)*+73'9;, (AB7'9;, %67*67 ., 3&,. *7 +)7'7867 ?&7 7.
B&7G< ,&8?&7 8( C,>, 7F'7)9()9G,6( 3(8;9339=8 +7)*(8,. ,.:&8,< (@)7G3, :,),8'E,* *&@93978'7*
+,), 7F3.&9) '(6, 6&6, .7:E'94,< .( ?&7 3(873', 3(8 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 .,* 3,&*,* @&839(8,.7* >
():5893,* ?&7 +7)49'78 *9'&,) ,. B&7G 3(4( &8 '7)37)( ,B78( , .(* 98'7)7*7* 78 .9'9:9(/.
5P. L, 7F9:7839, 67 ,3)769',39=8 67 .,* 3,&*,* +() .,* ?&7 &8 B&7G +&767 *7) ,+,)',6(
67. 3(8(394978'( 67 &8 ,*&8'(< *7 A,*, 78 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 *(*+73C,* (AB7'9;,478'7
B&*'9@93,6,* %7F'7)9()9G,6,* > ,+(>,6,* 78 6,'(* (AB7'9;(*/ ?&7 +7)49',8 ,@9)4,) ?&7 7. B&7G
8( 7* ,B78( , ., 3,&*,.
6P. N( 7* *&@93978'7< *98 74A,):(< , ., C(), 67 ,+)739,) 7*',* 3,&*,* 3(8 ?&7 .,*
*(*+73C,* *&)B,8 78 ., 478'7 67 ?&978 )73&*, ,. J&7G< *98( ?&7 7* +)739*( ;,.(),) *9 '97878 &8
:),6( 67 3(8*9*'7839, ',. ?&7 +7)49', ,@9)4,) ?&7 *7 783&78'),8 (AB7'9;, > .7:E'94,478'7
B&*'9@93,6,*.
7P. L,* *(*+73C,* ?&7 7F+)7*,8 ., 9867A96, )7.,39=8 67. J&7G 3(8 .,* +,)'7* 98'7:),8
7. 3(837+'( 67 94+,)39,.96,6 *&AB7'9;,< 4978'),* ?&7 .,* ?&7 7;967839,8 ., )7.,39=8 67. B&7G
70
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*( ,@73',8 , ., ?&7 7. TCE C, 678(498,6( 94+,)39,.96,6 (AB7'9;,.
A&8?&7 ., 6(3')98, *(A)7 ., ,A*'7839=8 > )73&*,39=8 *7 C, 78&839,6( A5*93,478'7 78 7.
54A9'( +78,.< 6(867 ,6?&97)7 4,>() > 45* '),*378678',. )7.7;,839, +() ., 8,'&),.7G, 67 .(*
67)73C(* , .(* ?&7 ,@73', 7. 67)73C( +78,.< 7* ,+.93,A.7 ,. 54A9'( 39;9.< *&*'9'&>786( .,*
)7@7)7839,* , ., 3&.+,A9.96,6 +() ,?&7..,* ('),* ?&7 *7 )7.,39(878 3(8 ., *(.&39=8 67. @(86(
67. ,*&8'( >< (A;9,478'7< C,8 67 *7) ,3(4(6,6,* , ., +)(+9, 7*')&3'&), 67. +)(37*( 39;9..
$
AA*'7839=8 > )73&*,39=8 *7 3(839A78 3(4( 98*')&478'(* 67 :,),8'E, 67 ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67.
B&G:,6()< 67 ?&978 '9787 ?&7 673969) ., 69*3)7+,839, 7F9*'78'7 78')7 .,* +,)'7*. P() .( ',8'(<
3,)7378 67 *78'96( 3&,86( 7. B&7G 8( '9787 ?&7 )7*(.;7) ., 69*3&*9=8 B&)E693,< .( ?&7 (3&))7
3&,86( 7* ?&978 67A7 673969) ,37)3, 67 &8, )73&*,39=8 +.,8'7,6,< ,*E 3(4( 3&,86( .,
@&839=8 67. B&7G 8( 7* )7*(.&'()9,< .( ?&7 *&3767 *9 67*,))(.., @&839(87* 67 ,&F9.9( B&6939,..
ART5CULO B=-4 ABSTENCIÓN-
3- C($n% (n J("7 (n M$.i!'r$% !" $1!'"n.$ %"# cnci/i"n' %" (n $!(n' pr
cnc(rrir $#.(n$ %" #$! c$(!$! %" r"c(!$ci0n; %$r> c("n'$ )(!'i+ic$%$ $#
+(ncin$ri ##$/$% pr #"* $ !(1r.$r#! * c/(nic$r> #$ $1!'"nci0n $ #$ Cr'"
S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ p$r$ :(" #$ $pr("1"; !(!p"n%i<n%!" "n'r" '$n' "# c(r! %"#
prc"%i/i"n'-
8- Si #$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ n "!'i/$r$ )(!'i+ic$%$ #$ $1!'"nci0n; "# )("7
/$.i!'r$% %"1"r> cn'in($r cn "# cnci/i"n' %"# $!(n'; !in p"r)(ici %" :("
#$! p$r'"! p("%$n pr/,"r #$ r"c(!$ci0n-
=- Si !" "!'i/$r$ )(!'i+ic$%$ #$ $1!'"nci0n; "# )("7 /$.i!'r$% !" $p$r'$r>
%"+ini'i,$/"n'" %"# prc"%i/i"n'; %"1i"n% #",$n'$r!" #$ !(!p"n!i0n %"# /i!/-
Co)etario*
E8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( +(674(* ;7) 6(* *9'&,39(87* 67 C73C(L T974+( 67 +)(+(87) ., ,A*'7839=8 >
., @()4, 67 C,37).(L
3-4 Ti"/p %" prpn"r #$ $1!'"nci0n
T,8 +)(8'( ?&7 &8 J&7G 67 L7'),* ( 67 P,G< ( &8 M,:9*'),6( 67 &8, C()'7 67 A+7.,39(87* (
67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< 3(8*967)7 ?&7 3(83&))7 78 D. ,.:&8, 67 .,* 3,&*,* 67
)73&*,39=8< *7 ,A*'786)5 67. 3(8(394978'( > 6,)5 3&78', B&*'9@93,6, ,. @&839(8,)9( ..,4,6(
+() .7> , *&A)(:,).( > 3(4&893,)5 ., ,A*'7839=8 , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, +,), ?&7 .,
,+)&7A7< *&*+7869D86(*7 78')7 ',8'( 7. 3&)*( 67. +)(37694978'(. L, L7> O):5893, 67. P(67)
J&6939,. 67A7)5 )7:&.,) .( 3(837)8978'7 , ?&9D8 7* 7. @&839(8,)9( ?&7 67A7 *&+.9) ,. ,A*'7896(
;(.&8',)9,478'7. R73()674(* ?&7 ., LOAT )7:&., 7*', *9'&,39=8 > ('),* *949.,)7*< 78 .(*
,)'E3&.(* 67. $" ,. 103. C(4( +(674(* ;7)< 67*,+,)737 78 7. CPC ., *,839=8 69*39+.98,)9,
?&7 3(8'74+.,A, 7. ,)'E3&.( 7" 67. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06< +,), ,+.93,).,
, ,?&7..(* @&839(8,)9(* B&6939,.7* ?&7 *7 ,A*'78E,8 *98 '787) &8, 3,&*,. ;7)6,67),.
$
ESCRIBANO MORA< 1.L HE. P)(37*( C9;9.I %V,)9(* ,&'()7*/. V(..II. E6. T9),8' .( B.,83C. P:*. $6"J$72.
71
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
D7*,+,)737 ',4A9D8 ., 39)3&8*',839, ?&7 +7)49'E, ?&7 7. @&839(8,)9( *&A)(:,6( 3(8(397),
67. ,*&8'( +)9839+,. 4978'),* ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, 673967 *(A)7 ., ,A*'7839=8. D7 .,
@()4, 78 ?&7 7*'5 )7:&.,6( 7. ')549'7 67 ., ,A*'7839=8< 8(* 6,4(* 3&78', 67 ?&7 *9 ., C()'7
S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< +() 4769( 67 ., S,., 67 .( C9;9.< 8( )7*&7.;7 )5+96,478'7 .,*
,A*'7839(87* ?&7 *7 .7 +)7*78'78< 7. +)(37*( *7 )7'),*,)5 4978'),* ',8'(. P7)( ., .7> C,
69*+&7*'( ?&7 *7 *&*+786, 7. 3&)*( 67. +)(37694978'( 3(8 @&86,478'( , ?&7 67A7 *7) 7. B&7G
8,'&),. 7. ?&7 67A7 67 3(8(37) 67 ., 674,86,< 3(*, ?&7 8( *&3767)E, *9 4978'),* *7 67396, .,
,A*'7839=8< *9:&97), 3(8(39786( 7. B&7G *&A)(:,6(< 3(8 .( ?&7 *7 7;9', ?&7 7. 473,89*4(
+)(37*,. 67 ., ,A*'7839=8 *7, &8 4769( +,), 69.,',) 7. +)(37*( ( +,), ,+,)',) 7. B&7G 8,'&),.
67 *& 3(8(394978'(.
2.J 1r/$ %" prpn"r!"
E* &8 ,3'( ;(.&8',)9( 67. J&7G 67 L7'),* ( 67 P,G ( 67 &8 M,:9*'),6( 67 &8, C()'7 67
A+7.,39(87* ( 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< 7. ?&7 67A7)5 693',) &8, +)(;967839, 78
6(867 4('9;,)5 7. C73C( 67 ?&7 &8, ( ;,)9,* 3,&*,* 67 )73&*,39=8 67 .,* 78&839,6,*
.7:,.478'7 .7 3(4+)78678 > ()678,)5 +(87) 78 3(8(394978'( 67 ., 674,86, > 67 .,
,A*'7839=8 ,. @&839(8,)9( ..,4,6( , *&*'9'&9).( > ?&7 *7 .9A)7 3(4&893,39=8 , ., C()'7
S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< +(89D86(., 78 3(8(394978'( 67 693C, ,A*'7839=8< 3(8 ., 4('9;,39=8
3())7*+(86978'7. L, C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, )7*(.;7)5 *9 +)(3767 ( 8( ., ,A*'7839=8 > .7
3(4&893,)5 ,. @&839(8,)9( ,A*'7896( 67 ., 6739*9=8 ,6(+',6,. S9 8( 7*'94,)7 B&*'9@93,6, .,
,A*'7839=8< 7. B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( 67A7)5 3(8'98&,) 3(8 7. 3(8(394978'( 67. ,*&8'(< *98
+7)B&939( 67 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* +&76,8 +.,8'7,) ., )73&*,39=8. S9 *7 7*'94,), B&*'9@93,6, .,
,A*'7839=8< 7. B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( *7 ,+,)',)5 67@989'9;,478'7 67. +)(37694978'(< .7;,8'586(*7
., *&*+78*9=8 > 3(8'98&,)5 3(8(39786( 67 7.., 7. ..,4,6( , *&A)(:,).( 3(8@()47 , .,* 8()4,*
+)77*',A.7396,* 67 *&*'9'&39=8 98'7)8,.
E. +)(A.74, ?&7 *7 +&767 +)7*78',) 78 )7.,39=8 , 7*', @9:&), 7*< ?&7 7. ,A*'7896( *7 67 3&78',
67 ?&7 78 D. 3(83&))7 ,.:&8, 67 .,* 3,&*,* 67 )73&*,39=8 3&,86( 78 7. +)(37*( *7 C,>,
,;,8G,6( 45* ,..5 67 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,. E8 7*'(* 3,*(* > 67 ,3&7)6( ,. 3(8'7F'( 67.
CPC > 78 ,'7839=8 ,. +)9839+9( 67 984769,39=8< 7. J&7G *&A)(:,6( 67A7)5 ,8&.,) '(6( .(
,3'&,6( > 74+7G,) 67 8&7;( 7. +)(37*(< 3(4( 4769( 67 :,),8'E, 67 ., 7@73'9;, 984769,39=8
%,)'E3&.(* 133 8P 3 > 1"1 67. CPC/.
ART5CULO B@-4 RECUSACIÓN-
3- L$ r"c(!$ci0n p%r> pr/,"r!" pr #$ p$r'" in'"r"!$%$; $9n c($n% n$%$ &$*$
"?pr"!$% "# )("7 /$.i!'r$%; "n #$ pri/"r$ $c'($ci0n :(" #$ p$r'" r"$#ic" "n "#
prc"!-
8- Si #$ c$(!$# !" &(1i"r$ pr%(ci% cnci% cn p!'"riri%$%; %"1"r> !"r
pr/,i%$ %"n'r %" #! 'r"! K=) %2$! !i.(i"n'"! %" &$1"r '"ni% cnci/i"n' %" !(
"?i!'"nci$; &$!'$ #$ cnc#(!i0n %"# prc"!-
72
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- P#$n'"$% "# inci%"n'"; !i "# )("7 /$.i!'r$% $c"p'$r" c/ ci"r'$ #$ c$(!$ %"
r"c(!$ci0n; !" $1!'"n%r> %" in'"r,"nir "n "# $!(n' * r"/i'ir> "# "?p"%i"n'" $#
!(1r.$%- Si !" 'r$'$ %" (n in'".r$n'" %" (n 0r.$n c#".i$%; !"r> !(!'i'(i%
cn+r/" $ #$ #"*-
@- Si "# r"c(!$% n $c"p'$r" #$ c$(!$# %" r"c(!$ci0n; !" !/"'"r> "# inci%"n'" $
cnci/i"n' %"# )(7.$% 'ri1(n$# :(" crr"!pn%i"r"; cn "?p!ici0n %"# )("7
/$.i!'r$% r"c(!$%; :(i"n %(r$n'" #$ !(!'$nci$ci0n %"# inci%"n'" n p%r>
in'"r,"nir "n "# prc"%i/i"n' * !"r> !(!'i'(i% pr $:(<# $ :(i"n crr"!pn%$ cn
$rr".# $ #$ #"*-
B- L$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %" #$ r"c(!$ci0n n !(!p"n%"r> "# c(r! %"# prc"! !$#, :(";
##".$% <!'" $# "!'$% %" prn(nci$r r"!#(ci0n %" +n% :(" pn.$ +in $# prc"!;
n "!'(,i"r$ r"!("#'$ $:("##$ '%$,2$-
Co)etario*
E8 ()678 , ., ,673&,6, 3(4+)7*9=8 67 7*'7 +)737+'( 7* +)739*, ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 .,*
*9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
,/ C&,86( 6937 78 *& +5)),@( 1PL H,K8 3&,86( 8,6, C,>, 7F+)7*,6( 7. J&7G ( M,:9*'),6(I<
67A74(* 78'7867) ?&7 ,. +)7*78',)*7 ., 674,86, > &8, ;7G ,649'96, , ')549'7< *9 7. J&7G 8(
7F+)7*, 8,6, )7*+73'( , ., ,A*'7839=8< +() *7) @,49.9,) & ('), 3,&*, 67 ., +,)'7 ,3'(),< ., +,)'7
674,86,6, +(6)5 +)(4(;7) ., )73&*,39=8 98693,86( ?&7 7. B&7G *E 7*'5 3(4+)78696( 678')(
67 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* 3,&*,* 67 )73&*,39=8.
A/ E8 3&,8'( ,. +5)),@( 8P 2< 67A74(* 67 78'7867) 3(8 *7:&)96,6 ?&7 *7 +&767 +)(4(;7) .,
)73&*,39=8< 78 3&,.?&97) 4(478'(< 4978'),* 8( *7 C,>, '7)498,6( 7. +)(37*( 78 '974+( >
@()4, 67A96(*.
3/ E8 ., L7> O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,.< *7 67A7)5 98693,) ?&7 '(6(* .(* J&737* '97878 &8
*&*'9'&'( 8,'&),.< 7*',A.739786( 7. ()678 67 *&*'9'&39=8M +() 7B74+.(L ?&7 7. B&7G 6 *&*'9'&>7
,. 7 > ;937;7)*,. E* 6739) ?&7 ,8'7* 67 ?&7 *7 +)(6&G3, ., )73&*,39=8 *7 *,A7 ?&7 J&7G 7*',
67'7)498,6( .7:,.478'7 +,), ., )7*(.&39=8 67 ., )73&*,39=8< > +() 7..( *7 98693, T)749'9)5 7.
7F+76978'7 ,. *&A)(:,6(I %J&7G ?&7 )7*&7.;7 ., )73&*,39=8/.J

6/ E8 3&,8'( ,. +5)),@( 8P 4 +)(3767 *9:89@93,) ?&7 3&,86( .7 ..7:, 7. 7F+76978'7 67
)73&*,39=8 ,. J&7G *&A)(:,6(< 3(8 .(* ,&'(* +)9839+,.7*< D*'7 693', &8 A&'(< +&7* 7* ,649*9=8
67 &8 +)(37*(< ()678, ?&7 *7 @()47 +97G, *7+,),6, > ,3&7)6, 6,).7 '),*.,6( 67 ., 3,&*, 67
)73&*,39=8 ?&7 *7 .7 94+&', ,. J&7G )73&*,6(. A3'( *7:&96( D*'7 3(8'7*', +() 7*3)9'( *9 ,37+',
( 8( ., 3,&*,. S9 ., ,37+',< 7. *&A)(:,6( *7 C,37 3,):( 67. +)(37*( > *9 8( ., ,37+', *7
3(8'98&, 7. 7F+76978'7 67 ., +97G, *7+,),6,< +() .(* ')549'7* 67. 9839678'7 78 ()678 , .,
,673&,6, 67'7)498,39=8 67. @&86,478'( 67 ., )73&*,39=8 +.,8'7,6,.
E*', ()678,39=8 +)(37*,. 69@97)7 78 )7.,39=8 , 3(4( *7 )7*(.;E, 3(8@()47 ,. C=69:( 67
P)(37694978'(* 78 4,'7)9, C9;9. 67 1$06. A. )7*+73'(< 67A74(* 67 )73()6,) ?&7 3&,86( *7
)73&*,A, , &8 B&7G< ., )73&*,39=8 *7 +.,8'7,A, ,8'7 D. 49*4( > D. 7), 7. ?&7 +(8E, 7. ,&'( 78
73
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
6(867< *9 8( *7 7*'94,A, 3(4+)78696( 678')( 67 &8, 67 .,* 3,&*,* 67 )73&*,39=8< ()678,A,
?&7 *7 @()4,), ., +97G, *7+,),6, +,), '),49',) 7. 9839678'7 > .( +,*,A, ,. J&7G ?&7 67AE,
*&A)(:,).(< +,), ?&7 3(8(397), ',8'( 67. 9839678'7 67 )73&*,39=8< 3(4( 67 ., +97G, +)9839+,..
L( ?&7 *9:&7 9:&,. 78 7. CPC 7* ?&7 6&),8'7 7. +)(37694978'( 67 )73&*,39=8 7. J&7G )73&*,6(
8( +&767 98'7);789) 78 7. +)(37*( +)9839+,. 89 78 7. 9839678'7< *,.;( 78 ., +,)'7 ?&7 >,
7F+)7*,4(*< +,), +)(8&839,)*7 *(A)7 7. '),*.,6( 67. 7*3)9'( 67 )73&*,39=8 ?&7 .7 6, 7. B&7G
*&A)(:,6(.
7/ M978'),* 8( 7*'D )7*&7.'( 7. 9839678'7 67 )73&*,39=8 +.,8'7,6( 8( *7 +&767 693',)
*78'7839,< +() .( ?&7 *9 7. J&7G *&A)(:,6( ( *&*'9'&>78'7 )7*&7.;7 ?&7 8( +)(3767 .,
)73&*,39=8< *7 67;(.;7)5 7. +)(37*( +)9839+,. ,. J&7G )73&*,6(< ?&7 *7)5 ?&978 67A, 693',) .,
*78'7839,.
ART5CULO BB-4 IMPROCEDENCIA DE LA RECUSACIÓN DEL JUE6 O
MAGISTRADO-
N !"r> r"c(!$1#" "# )("7 /$.i!'r$% !$#, c($n% &(1i"!" in'"r,"ni% "n "# )(ici
/"%i$r" p$r"n'"!c cn c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"!; '$n' /$'"ri$#"! c/ prc"!$#"!:

3- P$r$ cnc"r %" (n$ r"c(!$ci0n :(" "!'< ##$/$% $ r"!#,"r-

8- En c(/p#i/i"n' %" $c'! %" $(?i#i )(%ici$#-
Co)etario*
E. ,)'E3&.( 7* 3.,)(L .,* +,)'7* 8( +&7678 )73&*,) , &8 B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( ?&7 7*'D 3(8(39786(
67 &8, )73&*,39=8 ( 3&,86( 7*'D )7,.9G,86( &8, 69.9:7839, ?&7 *7 .7 C, +7696( C,37)
4769,8'7 &8 7FC()'( %, .( ?&7 ..,4,4(* 3(4&893,39=8 78 7. C=69:( 67 1$06/M *,.;( 78 7.
3,*( ?&7 *7 67 ., 3,&*,. 67 +,)78'7*3( 3(8 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*< >, *7,8 .,* +,)'7*
.7:9'94,6,* 78 ., 3,&*,< ( 3(8 *&* )7+)7*78',8'7*< .7:9'94,6(* 78 7. +)(37*(. H,> ?&7 ,:)7:,)
',4A9D8 ?&7 +&7678 *7) )73&*,6(* 7*'(* B&737* ( 4,:9*'),6(* ?&7 3(8(378 67 ., )73&*,39=8
3&,86( C,>,8 98'7);7896( 78 7. +)(37*(. P,), 7*'7 K.'94( 3,*( *7)5 3(4K8 ., )73&*,39=8< >,
?&7 +)739*,478'7 7. ..,4,6( , 3(8(37) 67 ., )73&*,39=8< *7)5 7. ?&7 67A, 3(8(37) ',4A9D8
67. +)(37*( +)9839+,.< ?&7 *(.( *7 *&*+7867 3&,86( ..7:, 7. 4(478'( 67 693',) *78'7839,< +()
.( ?&7 67A7)5 67 +)7;7)*7 ., *9'&,39=8 67 ?&7 &8 B&7G 3(8(G3, 67 ., )73&*,39=8 > (')(
3(8(G3, 67. +)(37*( +)9839+,.< C,*', ?&7 *7 )7*&7.;, 7. 9839678'7 67 )73&*,39=8
ART5CULO BC-4 COMPETENCIA PARA DECIDIR LA RECUSACIÓN-
Cnc"r>n %" #! inci%"n'"! %" r"c(!$ci0n:
3- C($n% "# r"c(!$% +("r" /$.i!'r$%; "# 'ri1(n$# $ :(" p"r'"n"7c$-
8- C($n% +("r" (n )("7; "# :(" cn7c$ %" #$ pi"7$ %" r"c(!$ci0n-

=- C($n% +("r" (n $(?i#i$r; "# )("7 'ri1(n$# $# :(" p"r'"n"7c$-
74
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- C($n% #$ r"c(!$ci0n !" r"+i"r" $ (n )("7 %"#".$%; cnc"r> %" "##$ "#
%"#".$n'"; :(i"n #$ r"!#,"r> !in />! 'r>/i'"-

B- En c($#:(i"r 'r c$! !" "!'$r> $ # %i!p("!' "n #$ L"* Or.>nic$ %"# P%"r
J(%ici$#-
Co)etario*
A&8?&7 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7* 67 *7839.., 98'7)+)7',39=8 67A78 67 )7,.9G,)*7 7. *9:&978'7 7*?&74,
7F+.93,'9;( +,), *& ,673&,6, ,+.93,39=8L
• S9 7. )73&*,6( 7* &8 M,:9*'),6( 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< 3(8(37)5 67 .,
)73&*,39=8 ., S,., , ., ?&7 +7)'787G3, 693C( M,:9*'),6(.
• C&,86( 7. )73&*,6( *7, &8 4,:9*'),6( 67 C()'7 67 A+7.,39(87*< 3(8(37)5 67 .,
)73&*,39=8 ., 49*4, C()'7 67 A+7.,39(87* , ?&7 +7)'787G3,.J
• C&,86( *7, &8 J&7G 7. )73&*,6(< 3(8(37)5 67 *& )73&*,39=8< 7. ..,4,6( , *&A)(:,).(
67 ,3&7)6( , ., L7> O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,.< 3(4( >, .( C,AE,4(* 7F+.93,6(.
• C&,86( 7. )73&*,6( 7* &8 ,&F9.9,) 67 &8 B&G:,6(< 3(8(37)5 67 ., )73&*,39=8 7. J&7G
67 7*7 B&G:,6(M *9 @&7)7 ,&F9.9,) 67 &8, C()'7< 3(8(37)5 ., C()'7 78 6(867 +)7*', *&*
*7);939(*.
• C&,86( +() ,.:&8, ),G=8< &8 J&7G 67.7:&7 78 (')( B&7G ,.:&8, ( ,.:&8,* @&839(87*
?&7 *7 67A,8 )7,.9G,) 78 7. +)(37*( > 7*'7 J&7G 67.7:,6( @&7), )73&*,6(< 3(8(37)5 67
., )73&*,39=8 7. J&7G ?&7 .7 67.7:= .,* @&839(87* > 7*', *7 )7*(.;7)5 *98 45* ')549'7.
ART5CULO BE-4 PROCEDIMIENTO-
3- L$ r"c(!$ci0n !" p#$n'"$r> $n'" "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# %n%" %"!"/p"D" !(!
+(ncin"! "# )("7; /$.i!'r$% $(?i#i$r r"c(!$% pr /"%i %" (n "!cri'; "n "#
:(" !" %"1"r> "?pr"!$r cncr"'$ * c#$r$/"n'" #$ c$(!$ #".$# * #! /'i,! "n :(" !"
+(n%"-
8- R"ci1i%$ #$ r"c(!$ci0n "n'r".$r> cpi$ %" "##$ $# r"c(!$% *; !i n $c"p'$ c/
ci"r'$ #$ c$(!$; "# )("7 'ri1(n$# :(" cnci"r" %" #$ r"c(!$ci0n p%r> r"c&$7$r#$
%" p#$n !i #$ cn!i%"r$r" /$ni+i"!'$/"n'" in+(n%$%$-
=- En 'r c$!; !" "n'r".$r> cpi$ %"# "!cri' $ #$! %"/>! p$r'"! %"# prc"! p$r$
:("; "n "# p#$7 c/9n %" 'r"! K=) %2$!; /$ni+i"!'"n !i !" $%&i"r"n !" pn"n $ #$
c$(!$ %" r"c(!$ci0n prp("!'$ !i; "n $:("# //"n'; cnc"n $#.(n$ 'r$ c$(!$
%" r"c(!$ci0n- L$ p$r'" :(" n prpn.$ r"c(!$ci0n "n %ic& p#$7; n p%r>
&$c"r# cn p!'"riri%$%; !$#, :(" $cr"%i'" +"&$ci"n'"/"n'" :("; "n $:("#
//"n'; n cnc2$ #$ n(",$ c$(!$ %" r"c(!$ci0n-
@- En $%"#$n'" !" !".(ir>n #! 'r>/i'"! %"# prc"%i/i"n' inci%"n'$# ."n"r$#;
r"!#,i"n% "# inci%"n'" pr /"%i %" $('; :(" !"r> irr"c(rri1#"; * !" i/pn%r>n
#$! c!'$! c$(!$%$! $# r"c(!$n'" !i #$ r"c(!$ci0n +("r$ %"!"!'i/$%$; c$! "n "# :("
75
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
!" %",#,"r> $# r"c(!$% "# cnci/i"n' %"# prc"! "n "# "!'$% "n :(" !" &$##";
!in p"r)(ici %" #$ $p#ic$ci0n %" #$! nr/$! !1r" ,'$cin"! * +$##! %" #! #i'i.i!-
Si #$ r"c(!$ci0n +("r$ "!'i/$%$ "# prc"! cn'in($r> !i"n% 'r$/i'$% pr "#
!(!'i'(' %"# r"c(!$%-
Co)etario*
L, 98'7)+)7',39=8 > ,+.93,39=8 7. ')549'7 67 )73&*,39=8 *7 *&*'78', 78 .(* *9:&978'7*
+,)547')(*L
,/ E8 7. +5)),@( +)947)( *7 7F9:7 ,. )73&*,8'7 ?&7 ., )73&*,39=8 ., +)7*78'7 +() 7*3)9'( > ?&7
7F+)7*7 3.,),478'7 ., 3,&*, .7:,. 78 ?&7 *7 @&86,478', +,), C,37) ., )73&*,39=8 > 8( *7
7F9:7 3(4( (3&))7 +() 7B74+.( 78 ., L7> 67 E8B&939,4978'( C9;9. E*+,-(., ?&7 7. )73&*,8'7
,+()'7 3(8 7. 7*3)9'( &8 +)9839+9( 67 +)&7A, *(A)7 ., 3,&*, 67 )73&*,39=8.
3/ E8 7. +5)),@( *7:&86( *7 98693, ?&7 7. B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67 .,
)73&*,39=8< 67A7)5 +(87) &8 ,&'( 78 6(867 *7 ()6787 6,) '),*.,6( 67. 7*3)9'( 67 )73&*,39=8 ,.
)73&*,6( >< *9 8( ,37+', 3(4( 397)', ., 3,&*,< +(6)5 )73C,G,)., 67 +.,8(. C(8 7*',
69*+(*939=8 ., .7> *7 8(* 7*'5 6939786( ?&7 C,> ?&7 (E) ,. )73&*,6( ,8'7* 67 '(4,) &8,
6739*9=8 >< ,&8?&7 ., 3,&*, 98;(3,6, 8( @&7)7 67 .,* ?&7 3(8'74+., ., .7>< 7. B&7G (
4,:9*'),6( ?&7 3(8(G3, 67 7.., 8( +(6)5 )73C,G,)., 67 +.,8(M +&7* *974+)7 67A7)5 (E) ,.
)73&*,6(. AC(), A978 *9 7. B&7G )73&*,6( 8( ,37+', ., )73&*,39=8 > 7*', *7 ,+(>, 78 3,&*,
4,89@97*',478'7 98@&86,6 ( 94+)(37678'7 *7 +(6)5 )73C,G,) 67 +.,8( ( , H.94987 .9'9*IM 7*
6739) *98 4,* '),49',39=8 ?&7 7. ,&'( 67 98,649*9=8
6/ L, 7F+)7*9=8 H78 (')( 3,*(I< *7 )7@97)7 , 3&,86( 7. )73&*,6( 8( ,37+', ., 3,&*, > ,6745*
?&7 7. B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( ?&7 3(8(37 67 ., )73&*,39=8 8( ., )73C,G, 67 +.,8( +() *7) ., 3,&*,
98;(3,6, 67 .,* 3(8'74+.,6,* 78 ., .7> > 7*', @&86,6, > ,):&478',6,.
7/ E. +,*( *9:&978'7 7* ()678,) ?&7 *7 .7* 78')7:&7 3(+9, , 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7.
+)(37*(< 3(83769D86(.7* &8 +.,G( 67 3 6E,* 3(4&87* +,), '(6(*< +,), ;7) *9 *7 ,6C97)78< .,
)73C,G,8 ( *9 '97878 ('), 3,&*, ?&7 ,:)7:,). L, +,)'7 ?&7 8( ,.7:&7 898:&8, ('), 3,&*, 78 7*7
+.,G( 8( +(6)5 C,37).( +(*'7)9()478'7< , 478(* ?&7 674&7*')7 @7C,3978'7478'7 78 7.
4(478'( ?&7 ., +)(+(8:,< ?&7 67*3(8(3E, *& 7F9*'7839,.
@/ A +,)'9) 67 .( ?&7 C,>,8 7F+)7*,6( .,* 6745* +,)'7*< *7 3(8'98&,)5 3(8 ., '),49',39=8 67
,3&7)6( , .(* ,)'E3&.(* 416 > *9:&978'7* 67. CPC< ?&7 )7:&.,8 7. 9839678'7 78 :787),.<
)7*(.;9786( ,. @98,. 3(8 &8 ,&'( 67 3,)53'7) 9))73&))9A.7 > *7 94+(86)58 .,* 3(*',* *9 .,
)73&*,39=8 7* 673.,),6, 94+)(37678'7.
:/ P() K.'94(< 3(8'98&,39=8< *9 @&7*7 67*7*'94,6, ., )73&*,39=8< *7 67;(.;7)5 7. 7F+76978'7
+)9839+,. +,), ?&7 *9:, 3(8(39786( 67 D. 7. )73&*,6(< *98 +7)B&939( 67 .,* 69*+(*939(87* 67 .(*
,)'E3&.(* 67. 1"1 78 ,67.,8'7 CPC ?&7 3(8'97878 .,* 8()4,* *(A)7 .,* ;(',39(87* > @,..(* 67
.(* .9'9:9(*.J
C/ P,), 3(83.&9) C,> ?&7 C,37) ., (A*7);,39=8 (A.9:,6, ,37)3, 67. ,)'E3&.( 17$ CPC< ?&7 *7
)7@97)7 , ., +(*9A.7 )73&*,39=8 67 &8 B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( ,8'7* 67 98939,)*7 ., ,&697839, ?&7
+(6)5 *7) ., ,&697839, +)7;9, ( ., ,&697839, 67 +)&7A, 78 7. B&939( ()698,)9( ( ;7)A,.< 78 7.
78'78694978'( 67 ?&7 78 7*'(* 3,*(* *7 67A7)5 '),49',) ., )73&*,39=8 3(8@()47 , .( *7-,.,6(
78 7*7 49*4( ,)'E3&.(.
ART5CULO BF-4 RECUSACIÓN DE FISCALES-
76
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- L! Fi!c$#"!; !$#, :(" $c'9"n "n c$#i%$% %" p$r'"; !"r>n r"c(!$1#"! pr #$! /i!/$!
c$(!$#"! * pr "# /i!/ prc"%i/i"n' "!'$1#"ci% "n #! $r'2c(#! $n'"rir"!- S"r>
c/p"'"n'" p$r$ "n'"n%"r "n "# inci%"n'" "# )("7 'ri1(n$# :(" cn7c$ "n "#
$!(n' "n :(" <!'" !" p#$n'"$-
8- P#$n'"$%$ #$ r"c(!$ci0n; "# Fi!c$# n p%r> %ic'$/in$r ni !"r 2% "n "# )(ici;
/i"n'r$! "# inci%"n'" n !"$ r"!("#'- Si "# inci%"n'" !" &$##$r" p"n%i"n'" * ##".$r"
#$ pr'(ni%$% %" %ic'$/in$r !1r" "# $!(n'; "# "?p"%i"n'" !"r> p$!$% !in />!
'r>/i'" $# Fi!c$# !(1r.$n'" p$r$ :(" # &$.$- D"!"c&$%$ #$ r"c(!$ci0n; #$ c$(!$
,#,"r> $# Fi!c$# ri.in$ri-
Co)etario*
E* 94+()',8'7 ., *,.;76,6 ?&7 C,37 7. +5)),@( 8P 1 *(A)7 .(* @9*3,.7* ?&7 ,3'K,8 3(4( +,)'7M
7*'(* 8( +&7678 *7) )73&*,6(* 3&,86( ,3'K,8 67 7*, @()4,M +7)( *E .( *7)58 3&,86( ., .7>
()678, (E) *& (+989=8. E. +5)),@( *7:&86( 3(8'9787 &8, 69*+(*939=8 ?&7 ,&8 8( *7 *,A7 3=4(
*7 .7 6,)5 *(.&39=8< >, ?&7 .(* @9*3,.7* 8( @()4,8 +,)'7 67 ., 7*')&3'&), 67. P(67) J&6939,. >
+() .( ',8'(< ., L7> O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,. 8( +(6)5 983.&9).(* 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , *&
*&*'9'&39=8. E. ')549'7 +,), ., )73&*,39=8 7* 9:&,. ?&7 +,), ., )73&*,39=8 67 B&737* >
4,:9*'),6(*.
A&8?&7 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* ,8'7)9()7* 8( *7 3(8'74+., ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 )73&*,) , .(* +7)9'(*<
3(4( D*'(* +(*9A.7478'7 *7)58 3(8*967),6(* 3(4( ,&F9.9,)7* 67 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 78 ., L7>
O):5893, 67. P(67) J&6939,.M C,A)5 ?&7 69*'98:&9)< 3(4( *7 7*'&69,)5 45* ,67.,8'7< 78')7
+7)9'(* ,&F9.9,)7*< ?&7 *(8 .(* ?&7 8(4A), 7. ')9A&8,. > .(* +7)9'(* 67 .,* +,)'7*< ?&7 *(8 .(*
?&7 3,6, +,)'7 3(8'),', +,), ?&7 .7* C,:, ,.:K8 +7)9',B7 +,)'93&.,)< 3&>( 693',478 *7)5
983()+(),6( ,. +)(37*( +() 98'7)4769( 67 .,* 49*4,* +,)'7* 3(4( +)&7A, +7)939,.. L,
)73&*,39=8 *=.( *7 +(6)5 C,37) ;,.7) 78 3(8'), 67 .(* +7)9'(* (@939,.7* > 78 3(8'), 67 .(*
+7)9'(* +)9;,6(* *=.( 3,A)5 ., ',3C,< 3&,86( D*'(* *7,8 ..,4,6(* , 673.,),) 3(4( '7*'9:(*. L,
)73&*,39=8 67 +7)9'(* (@939,.7* 7*'5 )73(:96, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 337 CPC > .,* 3,&*,* 67
)73&*,39=8 *(8 .,* 49*4,* ?&7 >, 7F+)7*,4(* +,), .(* B&737*< 4,:9*'),6(* > 6745*
,&F9.9,)7*< , .,* ?&7 C,> ?&7 ,:)7:,) .,* 3(8'74+.,6,* 78 7*7 49*4( ,)'E3&.(. S& '),49',39=8
*7 67*,))(.., 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 33"< 33$< 340 > 341 67. 49*4( CPC.J
TITULO TERCERO
LAS PARTES
ART5CULO BH-4 PRESUPUESTOS PARA SER PARTE-
77
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
P$r$ p%"r $c'($r ,>#i%$/"n'" "n "# prc"! ci,i# #$! p$r'"! %"1"r>n .7$r %"
c$p$ci%$% p$r$ !"r p$r'"; %" c$p$ci%$% prc"!$#; "!'$r #".i'i/$%$! * !"r $!i!'i%$! pr
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$ * r"pr"!"n'"-
C/"n'$ri:
1.J Cnc"p' %" p$r'"
E. TE'&.( T7)37)( 67. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC 7*'5 67693,6( , .,* +,)'7* > *7 983.&>7 67*67 7.
,)'E3&.( 5$ ,. $3. N( 783(8'),4(* 78 7. CPC 67 H(86&),*< 3(4( *&3767 78 ('),*
.7:9*.,39(87* 3(4+,),6,*< &8, 67@98939=8 67 .( ?&7 7* +,)'7. P() 7..( +)(3767 6,) ,.:&8(*
3(837+'(* 67 .( ?&7 *7 78'97867 +() +,)'7< 3(8 *&* 69*'98',* 4,'9G,39(87*. P,), CC9(;786,
+,)'7L H7* 7. ?&7 C,37 ., 674,86, 78 8(4A)7 +)(+9( % ( 7. 78 3&>( 8(4A)7 *7 C,37/ > ,?&D.
@)78'7 ,. 3&,. D*', 7* C73C,I L, +)947), 7* ., +,)'7 ,3'(),< 674,86,8'7 ( ,',3,8'7 78 .(*
+)(37*(* 8( +78,.7* > 7. ,3&*,6() 78 7. +)(37*( +78,.. M,* 78 3(83)7'( HP,)'7* *(8 .(*
'9'&.,)7* 67 .,* )7.,39(87* B&)E693,* +)(37*,.7*< 3(8 .(* 67)73C(*< .,* 3,):,* > (A.9:,39(87*<
.,* 7F+73','9;,* > )7*+(8*,A9.96,67* 98C7)78'7* , *& +(*939=8. S(8< 3(4( 7. B&7G<
94+)7*39869A.7* 78 '(6( +)(37*(. 2&978 8( (3&+, ., +(*939=8 67 +,)'7 7* +)(37*,.478'7 &8
'7)37)(.IE. ,)'E3&.( 54 67. E*',6( 67 S(8(),< MDF93( 7*',A.737 ?&7L HT97878 3,)53'7) 67
+,)'7* 78 &8 B&939(< ,?&7..(* ?&7 7B7)39'78 78 8(4A)7 +)(+9( ( 78 3&>( 8(4A)7 *7 7B7)39', &8,
,339=8< > ,?&D. @)78'7 ,. 3&,. 7* 676&396,]I
E8 67@989'9;,< 3(4( +(674(* ;7)< 7. CPC 98939, 7. '),',4978'( 67 .,* +,)'7* 3(8 .(*
+)7*&+&7*'(* ?&7 67A78 3(83&))9) +,), ?&7 *7,8 3(8*967),6,* 3(4( ',..J N(* 6937 ',4A9D8
?&7 +,), ,3'&,) ;5.96,478'7 78 &8 +)(37*( 8( A,*', 3(8 :(G,) 67 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7<
*98( ?&7 ',4A9D8 7* 8737*,)9( :(G,) 67 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< 7*',) .7:9'94,6,* > *7) ,*9*'96,*
+() +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(.J A8,.9G,)74(* 78 *& 4(478'( 3,6, &8, 67 7*,* @9:&),* >
74+7G,)74(* +() ., 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7.JL
2.J Cnc"p' %" c$p$ci%$% p$r$ !"r p$r'"
E8 )7*&496,* +,.,A),* ., 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7 7* ., 3,+,396,6 67 :(37. L, 3,+,396,6 +,),
*7) +,)'7 *7 3())7*+(867 3(8 ., 3,+,396,6 B&)E693, 67. D7)73C( +)9;,6(. E* ., ,+'9'&6 +,),
*7) '9'&.,) 67 ., )7.,39=8 +)(37*,.< 67 67)73C(*< 67A7)7* > 3,):,* +)(37*,.7*.J T(6, +7)*(8,<
8,'&),. ( B&)E693,< +() 7. C73C( 67 *7).( :(G, 67 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7. S98 74A,):(<
3(8'98&, 6939786( A)7*'D< 78 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. C(86&)7-(< ., 3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7 7*
45* 7F'78*, ?&7 ., 3,+,396,6 B&)E693, 67 67)73C( +)9;,6(< 78 6(867 *=.( *7 )73(8(37 D*', ,
+7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7* > B&)E693,* > 78 7. CPC 67 H(86&),* ',4A9D8 *7 )73(8(37 3,+,396,6 +,),
*7) +,)'7 , 78'96,67* ?&7 3(8@()47 ,. D7)73C( P)9;,6( 3,)7378 67 P7)*(8,.96,6. S7 *&+7),<
78 7. '7))78( +)(37*,. ., '),6939(8,. 6&,.96,6 67 +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7* > B&)E693,*. C(4(
3(8*73&7839, 67 7..( +&7678 7B7)39',) +)7'78*9(87* ( *(+()',).,* )7,.96,67* ?&7 '7=)93,478'7
3,)7378 67 +7)*(8,.96,6L 3(4( +() 7B74+.( .,* 3(4&896,67* 67 A9787*< 3(4&896,67* 67
+)(+976,6 C()9G(8',.< C7)7839,* >,378'7*.
ART5CULO CI-4 APRECIACIÓN DE OFICIO DE LA FALTA DE CAPACIDAD-
7"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- L$ +$#'$ %" c$p$ci%$% p$r$ !"r p$r'" * #$ +$#'$ %" c$p$ci%$% prc"!$#; $!2 c/ #$
+$#'$ %" $cr"%i'$ci0n %" #$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n; p("%"n !"r $pr"ci$%$! %" +ici pr "#
)("7 'ri1(n$# "n c($#:(i"r //"n' %"# prc"!; %"1i"n% in,c$r#$ c($#:(i"r$
%" #$! p$r'"! "n #$ pri/"r$ pr'(ni%$% prc"!$# :(" '"n.$n-
8- En c$! %" n p%"r !(1!$n$r!" "# )("7 %ici'$r> $(' !1r"!"*"n% "# prc"! *
$rc&i,>n%#-
Co)etario*
M5* ,67.,8'7 ;7)74(* .(* 3(837+'(* 67 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,. > ., )7+)7*78',39=8.J P() ,C(),
A,*', 6739) 3(4( 3(478',)9( , 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< ?&7 7. J&7G +(6)5 ,+)739,) 67 (@939( ., @,.', 67
3,+,396,6 +,), *7) +,)'7 > ., @,.', 67 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< ,*E 3(4( ., @,.', 67 ,3)769',39=8 67
., )7+)7*78',39=8< 78 3&,.?&97) 4(478'( 67. +)(37*( ,&8?&7 .,* +,)'7* 8( ., 98;(?&78< +7)(
7*',* 7*'58 78 ., (A.9:,39=8 67 C,37).( 78 ., +)947), (+()'&896,6 +)(37*,. ?&7 '78:,8.J
D7'7)498,) ., 3,+,396,6 7* ',8 94+()',8'7 ?&7 983.&*( 78 .,* 69.9:7839,* +)7+,),'()9,*< 7*
6739)< ,8'7* 67 78',A.,) &8, 674,86,< *7 +&767 '),',) 67 ,;7)9:&,) *(A)7 7.., %;7) ,)'E3&.( 406
67. CPC/.J V7) ',4A9D8 78 7. +)(37*( ()698,)9( .(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. 44$ ,. 451 67. CPC.J
CAP5TULO I
CAPACIDAD
SECCIÓN 3O
CAPACIDAD PARA SER PARTE-
ART5CULO C3-4 CAPACIDAD PARA SER PARTE-
P("%"n !"r p$r'" "n (n prc"! ci,i#-
3- L$! p"r!n$! n$'(r$#"!-
8 E# cnc"1i% n n$ci%; p$r$ '%! #! "+"c'! :(" #" !"$n +$,r$1#"!-
=- L$! p"r!n$! )(r2%ic$! p91#ic$!-
@- L$! p"r!n$! )(r2%ic$! pri,$%$! ci,i#"! * /"rc$n'i#"!; n$cin$#"! "?'r$n)"r$!;
cn!'i'(i%$! #".$#/"n'"-
B- L$! /$!$! p$'ri/ni$#"! #! p$'ri/ni! !"p$r$%! !in 'i'(#$r cn +$c(#'$% %"
%i!p!ici0n * $%/ini!'r$ci0n-
C- L$! "n'i%$%"! !in p"r!n$#i%$% )(r2%ic$ :(" cn'r$'"n cn '"rc"r! #"! c$(!"n
%$D * #$! :(" #$ #"* r"cn7c$ c$p$ci%$% p$r$ !"r p$r'"-
7$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E- E# Mini!'"ri P91#ic; r"!p"c' %" #! prc"!! "n :(" #".$#/"n'" &$*$ %"
in'"r,"nir c/ p$r'"-
F- L! .r(p! %" cn!(/i%r"! (!($ri! $+"c'$%!; $!2 c/ :(i"n"! '"n.$n
c$p$ci%$% p$r$ ")"rc"r pr"'"n!in"! c#"c'i,$! "n #! '<r/in! pr",i!'! "n "!'"
C0%i.-
H- L$! !ci"%$%"! irr".(#$r"!-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 8(* 7*'5 6939786( 7FC,&*'9;,478'7 ?&9787* +&7678 *7) +,)'7 78 &8 +)(37*( 39;9.
> 8( C,> ?&7 3(8@&869)., 3(8 ., 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< +()?&7 *7 +&767 '787) ., +)947),< +7)(
8( ., *7:&86,M +() 7B74+.( &8, +7)*(8, 67 ?&9837 ,-(* 67 76,6 '9787 3,+,396,6 +,), *7)
+,)'7 >, ?&7 7* &8, +7)*(8, 8,'&),.< +7)( 3(4( 7* 478() 67 76,6 8( '9787 3,+,396,6
+)(37*,.M +&767 *7) 674,86,8'7 ( 674,86,6,< +7)( 8( ,3'&,) 78 B&939(.J E*'( K.'94( 7* .(
?&7 3(8*'9'&>7 ., 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.. E8 7. 8&47),. 5< .,* 4,*,* +,')94(89,.7* ( .(*
+,')94(89(* *98 '9'&.,) 3(8 @,3&.',6 67 69*+(*939=8 > ,64989*'),39=8< *7 )7@97)7 , .,* 4,*,*
C7)769',)9,*< .,* ?&7 3,)7378 67 '9'&.,) +()?&7 898:&8( 67 .(* C7)767)(*< *9 .(* C&A97)7< *7 C,8
673.,),6( C7)767)(* > +() 3(8*9:&978'7 '9'&.,)7* 67 7*7 +,')94(89(M +7)( +&767 *7)
674,86,6, 7*, 4,*, &8, ;7G ?&7 *7 C, 673.,),6( >,378'7 > *7 .7 8(4A), &8 C&),6() +,),
?&7 ., )7+)7*78'7.
T,4A9D8 47)737 ., +78, 3(478',) ?&7 4&3C( *7 C, 69*3&'96( 78 ., 6(3')98, *9 7. 3(837A96(
8( 8,396( +&767 *7) 674,86,6(. E8 7. CPC *7 ,649'7 7*', +(*9A9.96,6 3&,86( 7*, 674,86,
.7 7* +7)B&6939,.< >, ?&7 ., .7> 6937 ?&7 +&767 *7) +,)'7 +,), '(6(* .(* 7@73'(* ?&7 .7 *7,8
@,;(),A.7*.J
SECCION 8O
CAPACIDAD PROCESAL
ART5CULO C8-4 COMPARECENCIA EN JUICIO Y REPRESENTACIÓN-
3- S0# p%r>n c/p$r"c"r "n )(ici #! :(" "!'<n "n "# p#"n ")"rcici %" !(!
%"r"c&! ci,i#"!-
8- En 'r c$! !" "!'$r> $ #$! r".#$! !i.(i"n'"!:
$) L$! p"r!n$! n$'(r$#"! :(" n !" &$##"n "n "# c$! %"# n(/"r$# $n'"rir &$1r>n
%" c/p$r"c"r /"%i$n'" #$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n cn #$ $!i!'"nci$; #$ $('ri7$ci0n; #$
&$1i#i'$ci0n "# %"+"n!r "?i.i%! pr #$ #"*-
1) Pr #! cnc"1i%! * n n$ci%! c/p$r"c"r>n #$! p"r!n$! :(" #".2'i/$/"n'"
#! r"pr"!"n'$r2$n !i *$ &(1i"r"n n$ci%-
"0
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
c) Pr #$! p"r!n$! )(r2%ic$! p91#ic$!; * pr #$! pri,$%$! n$cin$#"! "?'r$n)"r$!
c/p$r"c"r>n :(i"n"! #".$#/"n'" #$! r"pr"!"n'"n-
%) L$! "n'i%$%"! !in p"r!n$#i%$% c/p$r"c"r>n "n )(ici pr /"%i %" #$!
p"r!n$! $ :(i"n"! #$ #"*; "n c$%$ c$!; #"! $'ri1(*$ #$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n "n )(ici %"
#$! /i!/$!- En !( %"+"c' pr #$! p"r!n$! :(" &(1i"!"n cn'r$'$% "n !( n/1r"
pr :(i"n"! #$! ."!'in"n-
Co)etario*
P,), +(67) 3(478',) 7*'7 +)737+'( 67A74(* '787) A978 78 3.,)( 7. 3(837+'( 67 3,+,396,6
+)(37*,.. E8 +(3,* +,.,A),* 7* ., 3,+,396,6 67 7B7)3939(. E* &8 3(837+'( 9:&,. ,. 67
3,+,396,6 67 (A),) 67. D7)73C( 39;9.. E* ., ,+'9'&6 +,), 3(4+,)737) 78 B&939(. S7 ,')9A&>7 ,
.(* ?&7 7*'D8 78 7. +.78( 7B7)3939( 67 *&* 67)73C(* 39;9.7*. P,), ?&9787* 8( *7 783&78'),8 78
7*'7 3,*( *7 7*',A.737< +,), 98'7:),) *& 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< ?&9787* *(8 .(* ?&7 3(4+,)737)58
78 *& 8(4A)7 ( 3(4+.7',)58 *& 983,+,396,6. L( 49*4( *7 67A7 C,37) +,), .,* +7)*(8,*
B&)E693,*< ?&7 8737*,)9,478'7 C,8 67 ,3'&,) , '),;D* 67 +7)*(8,* 8,'&),.7*.J A*E '7874(* ?&7
7. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.( 3(478',6( 7*',A.737 .,* )7:.,* +,), *&+.9) ., 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,. 67 '(6,*
.,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 3,)7378 67 7..,.
H,> ?&7 C,37) ., (A*7);,39=8 *9:&978'7 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , ., )7+)7*78',39=8 67 .,*
+7)*(8,* B&)E693,* +)9;,6,* > +KA.93,*L M978'),* *7 ,+.93= 7. 3=69:( 67 +)(37694978'(*
C9;9.7* 67 1$06< &8, ;7G ,+)(A,6, ., L7> 67. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(* 67 H(86&),*< .(*
')9A&8,.7* 67 '(6, ., R7+KA.93, )73C,G,A,8 ,?&7..,* 674,86,* > .,* 3(8'7*',39(87* , 7..,*
3&,86( .,* C,3E, *& )7+)7*78',8'7 .7:,.< *9 D*'7 8( 7), &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< ,.7:,86(
3(4( @&86,478'( ?&7 7*',A,8 7B7)39786( ,3'(* 67 +)(3&),39=8< .( ?&7 *=.( 7* )7*7);,6( , .(*
+)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( 67A96,478'7 3(.7:9,6(*.J
ART5CULO C=-4 SUPLENCIA E INTEGRACIÓN DE LA CAPACIDAD PROCESAL-
C($n% #$ p"r!n$ n$'(r$# !" "nc("n'r" "n "# c$! %" #! #i'"r$#"! $) * 1) %"# n(/"r$# 8
%"# Ar'2c(# $n'"rir * n &(1i"r" p"r!n$ :(" #".$#/"n'" #$ r"pr"!"n'" $!i!'$ p$r$
c/p$r"c"r "n )(ici; "# )("7 #" n/1r$r> (n %"+"n!r p91#ic; :(" $!(/ir> !(
r"pr"!"n'$ci0n * %"+"n!$ &$!'$ :(" !" %"!i.n" $ $:("##$ p"r!n$; :("%$n% "n !(!p"n!
"# prc"%i/i"n' /i"n'r$! !" n/1r$ "# %"+"n!r.
Co)etario*
L,* +7)*(8,* @E*93,*< ?&7 3,)7G3,8 ( '78:,8 .949',6, *& 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< 8737*9',8 ,3'&,)
78 7. +)(37*( , '),;D* 67 ('), +7)*(8, ?&7 *&+., 693C, 983,+,396,6.JE. :),6( ( 98'78*96,6 67
98'7:),39=8 67 693C, 983,+,396,6 *7 783&78'), 78 @&839=8 67 ., E86(.7 ( 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,
983,+,396,6L *9 7*', @&7), ,A*(.&',< *7 ,3&67 , ., 'D3893, 67 ., )7+)7*78',39=8< 78 ',8'( ?&7 *9
7* .949',6,< C,> ?&7 )73&))9) , ., ,*9*'7839,< , ., ,&'()9G,39=8 ( , ., C,A9.9',39=8 B&6939,. 3(8
8(4A),4978'( 67 &8 67@78*() B&6939,. %,)'E3&.( 62. 2. , CPC/.
C(8 )7*+73'( ,. ,)'E3&.( ,8,.9G,6( 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 7. A)'. 62J2 CPC< 67A74(* ,3.,),) .(*
3(837+'(* ?&7 ,..E ,+,)7378L R7+)7*78',39=8< ., A*9*'7839,M ., A&'()9G,39=8 > ., H,A9.9',39=8
"1
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
> 7. 8(4A),4978'( 67 67@78*() B&6939,.. S9:&9786( ,. 3D.7A)7 ,&'() 4imeno Sendra
7F+(86)74(* 7. *9:89@93,6( 67 3,6, &8, 67 7..,*L
1.J R"pr"!"n'$ci0n
1J1.J P() .(* 478()7* 67 76,6 8( 74,839+,6(*< C,8 67 3(4+,)737) 78 7. +)(37*( *&*
)7+)7*78',8'7* .7:,.7*. N( (A*',8'7< *9 78 &8 67'7)498,6( +)(37*(< .(* 98'7)7*7* 67. 478()
78'),8 78 3(8@.93'( 3(8 .(* 67 *& )7+)7*78',8'7 .7:,.< 7. B&7G .7 8(4A),)5 ,. 478() &8
67@78*() B&6939,. %7*', 69*+(*939=8 67*:),39,6,478'7 8( '9787 )7*+,.6( 78 .7> *&*',8'9;,< >,
?&7 7. 3=69:( 67 @,49.9, > 7. 3=69:( 39;9. 8( 3(8'74+.,8 7*', @9:&),< ',. > 3(4( .( C,37 +()
7B74+.( 78 7. D7)73C( 3(4+,),6( 7. C=69:( C9;9. 7*+,-(. 78 *& ,)'E3&.( 163 ?&7 6937L
HS974+)7 ?&7 78 ,.:K8 ,*&8'( 7. +,6)7 > ., 4,6)7 '78:,8 &8 98'7)D* (+&7*'( ,. 67 *&* C9B(*
8( 74,839+,6(*< *7 8(4A),)5 , 7*'(* &8 67@78*() ?&7 .(* )7+)7*78'7 78 B&939( > @&7), 67 D..J
S7 +)(3767)5 ',4A9D8 , 7*'7 8(4A),4978'( 3&,86( .(* +,6)7* '78:,8 &8 98'7)D* (+&7*'( ,.
67. C9B( 478() 74,839+,6( 3&>, 3,+,396,6 67A,8 3(4+.7',).J S9 7. 3(8@.93'( 67 98'7)7*7*
*=.( 7F9*'97), 3(8 )7*+73'( , &8( 67 .(* +)(:789'()7*< 3())7*+(867 ,. (')( +() .7> > *98
8737*96,6 67 7*+739,. 8(4A),4978'( )7+)7*78',) ,. 478() ( 3(4+.7',) *& 983,+,396,6.I/<
)7+)7*78'586(.7< C,*', 693C( 8(4A),4978'(< 7. 4989*'7)9( +KA.93(.J
1J2.J P() 7. 3(837A96( 8( 8,396( ',4A9D8 *7)5 )7+)7*78',6( 78 B&939( +() .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7
.7:E'94,478'7 .,* )7+)7*78',)E,8 *9 >, C&A97)78 8,396(M 7* 6739)< +() ?&9787* (*'78',)E,8 .,
+,')9, +('7*',6.
1J3.J L(* 673.,),6(* B&6939,.478'7 983,+,37*< *7)58 )7+)7*78',6(* +() 7. '&'() ( 3&),6() ?&7
7. B&7G 67*9:87 78 ., *78'7839, 67 983,+,39',39=8 %,)'E3&.( 640 CPC/.J
2.J L$ $!i!'"nci$
T),'586(*7 67 &8, .949',39=8 67 ., 3,+,396,6 67 (A),)< ., .7> )73&))7 , ., 'D3893, 67 .,
,*9*'7839,< 78 ., ?&7 *7 ,&'()9G, , ., +7)*(8, @E*93, , 3(4+,)737) ;5.96,478'7 78 7. +)(37*(<
*9 7* ,*9*'96( +() &8 C&),6() 78 .(* 'D)498(* ?&7 67'7)4987 ., *78'7839, ?&7 .7 .949'= .,
3,+,396,6< ',.7* 3(4( 7. 67 ., 673.,),39=8 67 +)(69:,.96,6.J %,)'E3&.( 640 CPC/. AC(), A978<
7. 3&),6() 8( )7+)7*78', *98( ?&7 *(.( ,*9*'7 3(4+.7478',86( ., 3,+,396,6 +,), ,3'&,) 78 7.
+)(37*( > 7;9',) ?&7 +&76, '(4,) 6739*9(87* 98,673&,6,* > 3(8'),)9,* , *&* 98'7)7*7*.
3.J L$ $('ri7$ci0n
T,4A9D8 78 *&+&7*'(* 67 983,+,396,67* )7.,'9;,*< 67'7)498,6,* 3(4+,)737839,* 78 B&939(
)7?&97)78 ., ,&'()9G,39=8 67. )7+)7*78',8'7 .7:,. ( 67. J&7G< 3&,86( ., .7> ,*E .( 69*+(8:,< +()
7B74+.(< +,), ., 78,B78,39=8 67 A9787* 67. 478()< *7 8737*9', ., ,&'()9G,39=8 67. J&7G. E8
'(6(* .(* *&+&7*'(* 78 ?&7 7. 478() 8737*9'7 ,&'()9G,39=8< 7*', ,&'()9G,39=8 (+7), 3(4( &8
+)7*&+&7*'( 67 ., 98'7:),39=8 67 ., 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.< 3&4+.96( 7. 3&,.< A978 7. 478()< A978
7. '&'()< :(G,)58 67 +.78, 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,. > +(6)58< +() ',8'(< 3(4+,)737) 78 7. +)(37*( >
)7,.9G,) ;5.96,478'7 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*.J
4.J L$ &$1i#i'$ci0n * "# n/1r$/i"n' %" %"+"n!r )(%ici$#
S7 +)7;D8 78 ,.:&8(* *&+&7*'(* 67 C73C(< ., C,A9.9',39=8 B&6939,. +,), 3(4+,)737) 78 B&939(
67. 478() 8( 74,839+,6(< 3&,86( 8( 7*'D ,&'()9G,6( +() ., .7> ( +() 7. +,6)7 ( ., 4,6)7 ?&7
"2
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
7B7)G,8 ., +,')9, +('7*',6 %*(A)7 '(6( 78 ,3'(* 67 B&)9*69339=8 ;(.&8',)9,/ > C,A9786( *96(
674,86,6(* ( ?&7 *7 .7* @&7)7 , 3,&*,) &8 :),8 +7)B&939( *9 8( 674,86,)78< > *7 783&78')78
,&*78'7* *&* +,6)7* *98 ?&7 C,>, 4('9;( ),39(8,. +,), 3)77) ?&7 )7:)7*,)58 +)(8'(< ( ?&7 *7
897:&78 , )7+)7*78',) , *& C9B( 78 B&939(< 7. 478() *7 +)7*78',)5 ,8'7 7. B&7G > 7*'7 @()4,)5
&8 7F+76978'7 78 6(867 67A7)5 (E) ,. 4989*'7)9( @9*3,. > 67*+&D* 693',)5 ,&'( 8(4A)586(.7 &8
67@78*() B&6939,.< ?&978 *&+.9)5 ., 983,+,396,6 +)(37*,. C,*', ?&7 3(4+,)7G3,8 78 7. +)(37*(
.(* ?&7 (*'78'78 ., +,')9, +('7*',6.
CAP5TULO II
LEGITIMACIÓN
ART5CULO C@-4 LEGITIMACIÓN ORDINARIA Y EMTRAORDINARIA-
3- P$r$ "+"c'! prc"!$#"! !n p$r'"! #".2'i/$! r%in$ri$! #$! :(" c/p$r"7c$n *
$c'9"n "n )(ici; "n p!ici0n )(r2%ic$ cn'r$p("!'$; $+ir/$n% !"r 'i'(#$r"! %" #$
r"#$ci0n )(r2%ic$ ( 1)"' #i'i.i!; !"$ in'"r ,i,!; !"$ /r'i! c$(!$-
8- L$! #"*"! p%r>n 'r.$r "n %"'"r/in$%! !(p("!'!; 1i"n pr 'r$'$r!" %" (n$
!(!'i'(ci0n prc"!$#; 1i"n pr r$7n"! %" in'"r<! p91#ic !ci$#; #".i'i/$ci0n
"?'r$r%in$ri$ $ p"r!n$! %i!'in'$! %" #! 'i'(#$r"! %" #$ r"#$ci0n )(r2%ic$ ( 1)"'
#i'i.i!-
=- L$ #".i'i/$ci0n "n pr"'"n!in"! c#"c'i,$! !"r> #$ :(" !" %"'"r/in$ "n "!'" C0%i.
"n 'r$! #"*"! c/p#"/"n'$ri$!-
C/"n'$ri:
E4+7374(* +() 6,) &8 3(837+'( 67 .( ?&7 7* .7:9'94,39=8. P,), ?&7 &8, +)7'78*9=8 +&76,
*7) 7*'94,6, +() &8 ')9A&8,. 7* 8737*,)9(< 8( *=.( ?&7 3(83&)),8 .(* +)7*&+&7*'(* +)(37*,.7*
67. =):,8( %B&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839,/ > .(* 67 .,* +,)'7* ,8'7* 47839(8,6(* %3,+,396,6
+,), *7) +,)'7 > +)(37*,./< *98( ',4A9D8 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* *7 783&78')78 78 &8, 67'7)498,6,
)7.,39=8 B&)E693( 4,'7)9,. 3(8 7*, +)7'78*9=8L ., .7:9'94,39=8< +() ,.:&8(* ..,4,6, +(67) 67
3(86&339=8 +)(37*,.. A 7*7 )7?&9*9'( 7* ,. ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 7. ,)'E3&.( 64 67. CPC. P(674(*
*7-,.,) ?&7 *7 69*'98:&78 ;,)9,* 3.,*7* 67 .7:9'94,39=8M ., ()698,)9, > ., 7F'),()698,)9,.
1.J L$ #".i'i/$ci0n r%in$ri$. A *& ;7G< ., .7:9'94,39=8 ()698,)9, *7 69;967 78 L7:9'94,39=8
()9:98,. > .7:9'94,39=8 67)9;,6,.J
1J1.J L".i'i/$ci0n ri.in$#< ?&7 +&767 *7) ,3'9;, ( +,*9;,L
• L7:9'94,6( ,3'9;,478'7 7* 7. 674,86,8'7< ,. ,@9)4,) ., '9'&.,)96,6 67 &8 67)73C(
*&AB7'9;( ( 67 3)D69'(< 67 &8 A978 ( 98'7)D* B&)E693( > ?&7 78 *& 674,86, .7 94+&', ,.
674,86,6( ., '9'&.,)96,6 67 ., (A.9:,39=8.
• E. .7:9'94,6( +,*9;,478'7 7* 7. 674,86,6(< ?&978 67A7)5 78@)78',) 7. +)(37*( +,),
67*;,8737) .,* 3(8*73&7839,* B&)E693,* 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 67. 674,86,8'7 ( +,)'7
,3'9;, 67. +)(37*(.
"3
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1J2.J L".i'i/$ci0n %"ri,$%$
L.,4,6, ',4A9D8 .7:9'94,39=8 *(A)7;7896,< ?&7 +&767 ,+,)737) 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, 67
,.:&8, 67 .,* @9:&),* 67 *&37*9=8 +)(37*,. 3(8'74+.,6,* 78 7. CPC< 3(4( ., *&37*9=8
+)(37*,. +() 4&7)'7 > ., *&37*9=8 +() '),8*49*9=8 67. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*( %,)'E3&.( 71 CPC/ , .,*
?&7 +(674(* ,:)7:,) ., 98'7);7839=8 +)(;(3,6, %,)'E3&.( 7" CPC/.J
2.J L$ #".i'i/$ci0n "?'r$r%in$ri$
S9 7. +5)),@( +)947)( 67. ,)'E3&.( 64 67. CPC 8(* 6937 3&5. 7* ., .7:9'94,39=8 ()698,)9,< 7.
+5)),@( 2P 67. 49*4( 8(* 6937 3&,. 7* ., .7:9'94,39=8 7F'),()698,)9,< )749'9D86(8(* , .(*
3,*(* 7F+)7*,478'7 +)7;9*'(* +() .,* .7>7*< 78 ?&7 &8 '7)37)( 69*'98'( 67. '9'&.,) 67
67'7)498,6(* 67)73C(* ( )7.,39(87* B&)E693,* +&7678 *7) +,)'7 .7:E'94, 78 &8 +)(37*(M 3(4(
7B74+.( +(674(* 39',) ,.:&8(* ,)'E3&.(* 67. C=69:( C9;9.M 7. 127" CC ?&7 6, 67)73C( ,.
,3)776() C9+('73,)9( 67 *&A)(:,)*7 78 .,* ,339(87* ?&7 '786)E, 7. 6&7-( 67. 984&7A.7 78
3(8'), 67 *&* 3(C7)767)(*M 7. 205" CC< ?&7 ,. @9,6() ?&7 C,>, +,:,6( ., 67&6,< *7 *&A)(:,
78 '(6(* .(* 67)73C(* ?&7 7. ,3)776() '78E, 78 3(8'), 67. 67&6().
S7 C, 69*3&'96( 4&3C( *9 ., @,.', 67 .7:9'94,39=8 +&767 *7) ,+)739,6, 67 (@939( +() .(*
')9A&8,.7*.J EF+)7*,478'7 8( C,>, 69*+(*939=8 ,.:&8, ,. )7*+73'( 78 7. CPCM *9 74A,):(< C,>
6(* *9'&,39(87* 78 ?&7 *E *7 +&767 6739) ?&7 C,> 3(8')(. 67 (@939( 78 ., .7:9'94,39=8M 3(4(
*&3767 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 604 CPC ?&7 6937L HN( *7 ,649'9)58 .,* 674,86,* ?&7 +)7'786,8
)7'787) ( )73(A),) ., +(*7*9=8 *9 *7 98'7)+(878 '),8*3&))96( 7. +.,G( 67 &8 ,-( , 3(8',) 67*67
7. ,3'( 67 ., +7)'&)A,39=8 ( 7. 67*+(B( > *79* %6/ 47*7* 3&,86( *7 '),',)7 67 &8 67*+(B(
;9(.78'(.I.J Y 7. 3,*( 67. ,)'E3&.( 617 CPC ?&7 69*+(87L HC&,86( *7 98'7)+(8:,8
+)7'78*9(87* A,*,6,* 78 7. 983&4+.94978'( 67 &8 3(8'),'( 67 ,))786,4978'( @98,8397)( ( 67
;78', 67 A9787* 4&7A.7* , +.,G(*< 8( *7 ,649'9)58 .,* 674,86,* , .,* ?&7 8( *7 ,3(4+,-7 .,
,3)769',39=8 67. )7?&7)94978'( 67 +,:( ,. 67&6()< 3(8 69.9:7839, 7F+)7*9;, 67 ., @,.', 67
+,:( > 67 ., 8( 78')7:, 67. A978<].I
CAP5TULO III
PARTES PPBLICAS
SECCION 3O
EL ESTADO
"4
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO CB-4 LAS ADMINISTRACIONES PPBLICAS COMO PARTE CIVIL-
C($n% "# E!'$%; #$! "n'i%$%"! %"!c"n'r$#i7$%$! %" "cn/2$ /i?'$; in'"r,i"n"n "n
(n prc"! ci,i#; c($#:(i"r$ :(" !"$ !( p!ici0n prc"!$#; !" !/"'"r>n $# P%"r J(%ici$#
!in />! nr/$! p$r'ic(#$r"! :(" #$! "?pr"!$/"n'" !"D$#$%$! "n "!'" C0%i. ( 'r$!
#"*"!-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( '9787 )7.,39=8 984769,', 3(8 7. +)9839+9( ,. 67A96( +)(37*(< ?&7 78')7 (')(*
67)73C(* .7 )73(8(37 , .,* +,)'7* +,)'939+,) 78 7. +)(37*( 78 3(86939(87* 67 9:&,.6,6 %;7)
,)'E3&.(* 3 > 5 CPC/ E. E*',6( '9787 7F,3',478'7 .(* 49*4(* 67)73C(* > 3,):,* +)(37*,.7*
?&7 .(* +,)'93&.,)7*< *,.;( ,.:&8,* 3(837*9(87* 67 98'7)D* +)53'93( ('():,6,* 78 7. CPC< ',.7*
3(4( .,* 3(8'7896,* 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 266< *(A)7 7. 98'7))(:,'()9( ,. E*',6(< 7. ?&7 +&767
C,37).( +() 7*3)9'( *98 3(4+,)737) , ., ,&697839,M 7. 351 CPC ?&7 69*+(87 ?&7 8( +)(37678
.,* 47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* 78 3(8'), 67. E*',6( > 7. 3"" ?&7 ()678, 8( 7F9:9).7 ,. E*',6( ?&7
)986, 3,&39=8 3&,86( *(.939'7 ?&7 *7 ,6(+'78 47696,* 3,&'7.,)7*. O')( '9+( 67 69*+(*939=8
*949.,) 7* ?&7 ,. P)(3&),6() 67. E*',6( 8( *7 .7 7F9:9)5 +(67) 67 )7+)7*78',39=8 %,)'E3&.( "3
CPC/.J P7)( 8( '(6( *(8 A(86,67* +,), 3(8 7. E*',6(M 78 ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 39;9. 3(8'),
B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(* > ,K8 +() 7. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( +() 6,-(* > +7)B&939(* (3,*9(8,6(* +()
.,* )7*(.&39(87* ?&7 749',8< 7. E*',6( *7)5 *(.96,)9,478'7 )7*+(8*,A.7 %,)'E3&.( 562 CPC/.
T,4A9D8 67A74(* 983.&9) .( ?&7 69*+(87 7. ,)'E3&.( 414 CPC *(A)7 ., A64989*'),39=8
PKA.93, > ., +)7;9, )73.,4,39=8 78 ;E, ,64989*'),'9;,L
5. C!ando la Administración P(blica, en los t<rminos /i#ados por las leyes, deba ser parte
demandada en !n proceso civil por controversias /!ndadas en Derec"o Privado, no se
admitir% la demanda a tr%mite si no se acompaña certi/icación v%lida de "aberse denegado
la petición ob#eto del proceso en la v0a administrativa previa, debiendo vigilar de o/icio el
trib!nal la conc!rrencia de este re!isito, sin per#!icio del derec"o de la parte a alegarlo en
la contestación a la demanda en el #!icio ordinario o al principio de la a!diencia en el
#!icio abreviado.
8. La /alta de reclamación administrativa previa, !e ser% s!bsanable mientras no "aya
prescrito o cad!cado el derec"o, s!spender% el procedimiento civil y se tramitar% con/orme
a lo disp!esto en las leyes administrativas.
SECCION 8O
EL MINISTERIO PPBLICO
ART5CULO CC-4 SUPUESTOS DE INTERVENCIÓN-
E# Mini!'"ri P91#ic ")"rc" #$! $'ri1(cin"! !i.(i"n'"!:
3- C/ p$r'" "n "# prc"! ci,i# "n %"+"n!$ %"# in'"r<! ."n"r$# c($n% #$ #"* $!2 #
pr","$-
8- C/ r"pr"!"n'$n'" #".$# %" inc$p$c"!; $(!"n'"!; "n #! c$!! pr",i!'!
#".$#/"n'"-
"5
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- C/ %ic'$/in$%r "n $:("##! c$!! "n #! :(" "!'" C0%i. ( 'r$ #"* #" 1#i.("n
$ %$r !( pini0n +(n%$%$ pr",i$/"n'" $ (n$ %"ci!i0n )(%ici$#; "n (n prc"! "n "#
:(" n "! p$r'"-

ART5CULO CE-4 PLA6OS-
L! r"pr"!"n'$n'"! %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic c(/p#ir>n #! p#$7! "!'$1#"ci%! "n #$ #"*; !
p"n$ %" inc(rrir "n r"!pn!$1i#i%$%- C($n% #$ #"* n +i)" p#$7 p$r$ %"'"r/in$% $c';
<!'" !"r> "# :(" !"D$#" "# )("7 'ri1(n$#-
Co)etario*
C&,86( 7. 6(4989( 67 .(* 67)73C(* +7)'78737 78 7F3.&*9;, , .(* +,)'93&.,)7*< , 8,697 *7 .7
+&767 7B7)39',) *& 67@78*, ,8'7 .(* T)9A&8,.7*M 3(8 ., 7F37+39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(* 39;9.7* 67
@,49.9,< @9.9,39=8 ( 983,+,39',39=8< 6(867 7. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( 7* +,)'7. Y, 3(478'5A,4(*
?&7 +() .,* ,3'&,39(87* )7,.9G,6,* +() 7. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( > ?&7 *7 C&A97)78 (3,*9(8,6(
6,-(* > +7)B&939(* , .,* +,)'7*< 7. 19*3,. ?&7 C&A97)7 98'7);7896( *7)5 )7*+(8*,A.7
*(.96,)9,478'7 B&8'( 3(8 7. E*',6( +,), )7*+(867) +() 7*(* 6,-(*.J P() 7*7 4('9;(< .(*
@9*3,.7* 67A7)58 ,3'&,) 678')( 67 .(* +.,G(* ?&7 ., .7> ( .(* B&737* ( ')9A&8,.7* *7-,.78< *(
+78, 67 983&))9) 78 )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 > *98 +7)B&939( 67 ., ,+.93,39=8 67. +)9839+9( 67
+)73.&*9=8.
E. ,)'E3&.( 316 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, )749'7 , ., L7> ., ():,89G,39=8 >
@&839(8,4978'( 67. M989*'7)9( PKA.93(.
L(* ,)'E3&.(* &8( > 8&7;7 67 ., L7> 67. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( 7*',A.7378 ?&7< 3(4( =):,8(
+KA.93( .7 3())7*+(867 7B7)37) *&* @&839(87* ,3'&,86( ,8'7 .(* ')9A&8,.7*< 67@7869786( .,
.7:,.96,6< .(* 67)73C(* 67 .(* 39&6,6,8(* > 7. 98'7)D* +KA.93( '&'7.,6( +() ., .7> 3(8 7. @98 67
*,'9*@,37) 7. 98'7)D* *(39,..J
P7)( 7. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( 8( ,3'K, 78 '(6(* .(* +)(37*(* +,), 3(8*7:&9) 7*(* @987*< *98( ?&7
*=.( 78 ,?&7..(* +)(37*(* > ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7* 78 ?&7 .7:,.478'7 7*'5 +)7;9*', *&
98'7);7839=8< 3(4( 7* 7. 3,*( 67 .(* +)(37*(* 8( 69*+(*9'9;(*< 3(4( (3&))7 78 .( 69*+&7*'(
78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 62" > ** CPC.
CAP5TULO IV
PLURALIDAD DE LITIGANTES

ART5CULO CF-4 LITISCONSORCIO ACTIVO Y PASIVO-
H$* #i'i!cn!rci c($n% %! K8) />! p"r!n$! #i'i.$n "n +r/$ cn)(n'$; c/
%"/$n%$n'"! %"/$n%$%!; pr:(" +r/(#"n pr"'"n!in"! 1$!$%$! "n (n /i!/ '2'(#
c$(!$ %" p"%ir; pr:(" !(! pr"'"n!in"! !"$n cn"?$!; pr:(" #$ !"n'"nci$ $ %ic'$r!"
r"!p"c' %" (n p(%i"r$ $+"c'$r $# 'r-
Co)etario*
C(4( 98')(6&339=8 , 7*'7 3(478',)9( 67A74(* 6739) ?&7 7. +)9839+9( 67 6&,.96,6 67
+(*939(87*< )73(:96( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 4 CPC 8( 7F3.&>7 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7
*7,8 45* 67 6(* +7)*(8,* .,* ?&7 98'7);78:,8 78 7. +)(37*(M .( ?&7 *E *7
"6
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
7F9:7 7* ?&7 .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 *7 983()+()78 ,. +)(37*( 67 &8, & ('), @()4,<
;,>,8 (3&+,86( 7. .&:,) 67 674,86,8'7 ( 67 674,86,6(< 78 ,'7839=8 ,.
98'7)D* .7:E'94( ?&7 (*'78'78.J
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 3(8'74+., ')7* +(*9A9.96,67* +,), 7*',A.737) &8 .9'9*3(8*()39(L P)947),< 3&,86(
6(* ( 45* +7)*(8,* .9'9:,8 78 @()4, 3(8B&8',< 3(4( 674,86,8'7* ( 674,86,6(*< +()?&7 *&*
+)7'78*9(87* *7 A,*,8 78 &8 49*4( 'E'&.( ( 3,&*, 67 +769)M *7:&86,< +()?&7 *&* +)7'78*9(87*
*7,8 3(87F,* > '7)37),< +()?&7 ., *78'7839, , 693',)*7 )7*+73'( 67 &8( +&697), ,@73',) ,. (')(.
L(* 6(* +)947)(* 3,*(* +() .( :787),.< *98( 7F3.&*9;(< *7 6,8 78 7. .9'9*3(8*()39( ,3'9;( > 78
., '7)37), +&767 6,)*7 78 7. ,3'9;( > 78 7. +,*9;(.
P,), ?&7 +&76, 3(8*'9'&9)*7 &8 ;7)6,67)( +)(37*( 7* 8737*,)9, ., 7F9*'7839, 67 6(* +,)'7*
?&7 *7 *9'K,8 78 +(*939(87* 3(8'),+&7*',*L ,3'() ( 674,86,8'7 > 674,86,6(< 78 7. ()678
39;9.M ,3&*,6() > ,3&*,6( 78 7. ()678 +78,.. E*', 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87* +7)49'7 ?&7
3&,.?&97), 67 7..,* 7*'D 98'7:),6, +() ;,)9,* +7)*(8,*< 6,86( .&:,) , &8 *&+&7*'( 67
+.&),.96,6 67 +,)'7*. L( ?&7 8( +7)49'7 7* ?&7 &8, ( ;,)9,* +7)*(8,* (3&+78 &8, +(*939=8
69*'98', ( &8, H'7)37),I +(*939=8. N( 7* +(*9A.7 98'7);789) 78 3,.96,6 69*'98', , ., 67
674,86,8'7J,3&*,6() > 674,86,6(J,3&*,6(< 89 .( 7* ',4+(3( 67*,))(..,) &8 +)(37*( 3(8
&8, K893, +,)'7. L, 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87* 7* 7*')93',478'7< 78 4&3C(* 3,*(*< 6&,.96,6 67
+,)'7*L &8 ,3'() > &8 674,86,6(< &8 ,3&*,6() > &8 ,3&*,6(M +7)( +7)49'7< ',4A9D8< ',8'( 78
7. ()678 39;9. 3(4( 78 7. +78,. ., +.&),.96,6 ,3'9;, ( +,*9;, 67 +,)'7*< 7< 983.&*(< ., +)7*7839,
67 ;,)9,* +7)*(8,* 78 ,4A,* +(*939(87*. L, 6&,.96,6 67 +(*939(87*< *9 *7 98'78', 3(8*')&9) &8
,&'D8'93( +)(37*(< :787), 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,&697839,. E*'7 +)9839+9( *7 @()4&., ( *7 78&839, 78
.(* *9:&978'7* 'D)498(*L 8,697 +&767 *7) 3(8678,6( *98 *7) (E6(.
ART5CULO CH-4 LITISCONSORCIO NECESARIO-
3- C($n% #$ %"ci!i0n %" +n% $ r"c$"r "n "# prc"! $+"c'" %" /$n"r$ (ni+r/" $
,$ri$! p"r!n$! cn!i%"r$%$! "n !( cn)(n'; !0# !"r> %ic'$%$ ,>#i%$/"n'" !i
'%! %"/$n%$n !n %"/$n%$%! !".9n !" 'r$'" %" #i'i!cn!rci $c'i, p$!i,;
r"!p"c'i,$/"n'"; !$#, %i!p!ici0n #".$# "n cn'r$ri-
8- E# )("7; %" +ici $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; p("%" in'".r$r #$ p!ici0n %" p$r'" $c'r$
%"/$n%$%$ "/p#$7$n% $ #$! p"r!n$! in'"r"!$%$!; !i %" #$ %"/$n%$ %" #$
cn'"!'$ci0n p$r"c" ",i%"n'" :(" #$ %"ci!i0n $ r"c$"r "n "# prc"! #"! ,$ $ $+"c'$r-
Si c$r"c" %" #$ in+r/$ci0n n"c"!$ri$; r":("rir> $ #$! p$r'"! p$r$ :("
prprcin"n #! %$'! n"c"!$ri! p$r$ "# "/p#$7$/i"n'; !in !(!p"n!i0n %"#
prc"%i/i"n'-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( '9787 984769,', )7.,39=8 3(8 7. ,)'E3&.( $$ 67. CPC ?&7 )7:&., ., ,3&4&.,39=8
*&AB7'9;, 67 +)7'78*9(87* > 3(8 7. ,)'E3&.( 37 CPC ?&7 )7:&., ., 3(4+7'7839, '7))9'()9,. *(A)7
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87* > .9'9*3(8*()39( +,*9;(. E. +5)),@( +)947)( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 8(*
6, 7. 3(837+'( 67. .9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9(< ?&7< 3(4( +(674(* ;7)< *7 +&767 3(8*'9'&9) ',8'(
,3'9;( 3(4( +,*9;(. E. +5)),@( *7:&86( 7*',A.737 ., @()4, 78 ?&7 *7 98'7:), 7. .9'9*3(8*()39(
"7
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8737*,)9(< 7. 3&,. .( C,37 7. B&7G 67 (@939( ( , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7< ()678,86( ?&7 *7 74+.,37
,. ?&7 *7)5 ..,4,6( , B&939(< >, *7, 78 3,.96,6 67 674,86,8'7 ( 67 674,86,6(.
Gimeno Sendra 7* 67. +,)737) ?&7 7. .9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9(< , 69@7)7839, 67. ;(.&8',)9(< *E
?&7 98'7:), &8, :78&98, +.&),.96,6 67 +,)'7*M ,?&E .,* +,)'7* 8( *(8 6&7-,* 67 ., 3(8*'9'&39=8
67. .9'9*3(8*()39(< *98( ?&7 ;9787 94+&7*'( +() ., .7>< +()?&7 , '(6(* .(* .9'9*3(8*()'7*
8737*,)9(* *7 .7* ;, , 7F'7867) +() 9:&,. .(* 7@73'(* 67 ., 3(*, B&G:,6,. Montero Aroca< 3(8
A&78 3)9'7)9(< 8(* 6, 7. 3(837+'( 67 ?&7 7. .9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9( *&+(87 &8 +)(37*( K893(
3(8 +.&),.96,6 67 +,)'7*< ?&7 7* 8737*,)9( 3&,86( .,* 8()4,* B&)E693,* 3(837678 .7:9'94,39=8
+,), +)7'7867) >W( +,), )7*9*'9)< ,3'9;, >W( +,*9;,< , ;,)9,* +7)*(8,* 3(8B&8',< 8(
*7+,),6,478'7M 78 7*'(* 3,*(* '(6,* 7*,* +7)*(8,* C,8 67 *7) 674,86,8'7* >W( 674,86,6,*<
+&7* *7 '),', 67. 7B7)3939( 67 &8, K893, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 ,.3,8G,)5 *,'9*@,339=8 3(8 &8 K893(
+)(8&839,4978'(.I.J
E. @&86,478'( +,), ., 7F9*'7839, 67. .9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9(< .( 783&78'), Gimeno Sendra 78
6(* *&+&7*'(* 4&> 3.,),478'7 69@7)7839,6(*.J E. 45* *7839..( 67 7..(*< +7)( 7. 478(*
3(4K8< 7* ,?&D. 78 ?&7 ., +)(+9, .7> .( 94+(87 7F+)7*,478'7< 3(4( 7. 3,*( 67 ., '7)37)E, 67
6(4989( > ., 67 +)7@7)7839,< ?&7 ., .7> (A.9:, , 69)9:9) ., 674,86, 78 3(8'), 67. 7B73&',8'7 >
7. 7B73&',6( %,)'E3&.(* "26. 3 > "31 CPC/. E. (')( *&+&7*'(< 7. 45* 8()4,. 67 7..(* 7* 7. ?&7
8( +)739*, 67 8()4, 7F+)7*,< +()?&7 *& 8737*96,6 ;9787 94+&7*', +() ., 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,
)7.,39=8 B&)E693( 4,'7)9,. )7*+73'( 67 ., ?&7 *7 C,378 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* .7:9'94,6(),*.J E* 7*,
)7.,39=8 ., ?&7 94+(87 ?&7< 78 (3,*9(87*< ., ,@9)4,39=8 67 '9'&.,)96,6 67 &8, +7)*(8, *(., (
., 94+&',39=8 67 ., (A.9:,39=8 , &8, K893, +7)*(8,< 8( *7, *&@93978'7 +,), ?&7 7. B&7G +&76,
78'),) , 673969) *(A)7 7. @(86( 67. ,*&8'(.J P() 7*( 7. ,)'E3&.( 6$. 1 CPC 6937 C!ando la
decisión de /ondo a recaer en el proceso a/ecte de manera !ni/orme a varias personas
consideradas en s! con#!nto, sólo ser% dictada v%lidamente si todos demandan o son
demandados seg(n se trate de litisconsorcio activo o pasivo, respectivamente, salvo
disposición legal en contrario.
G9478( S786), 6, ,.:&8(* 7B74+.(* 67. *&+&7*'( 8()4,. ?&7 6, ()9:78 ,. .9'9*3(8*()39(
8737*,)9(L S9 *7 +)7'7867 ., 8&.96,6 67 &8 87:(39( B&)E693(< 67A7 674,86,)*7 , '(6(* .(* ?&7
*7,8 +,)'7 4,'7)9,. 67. 49*4(. S9 *7 3&7*'9(8, ., ;,.967G 67 &8 '7*',478'(< 67A7)5
674,86,)*7 , '(6(* .(* C7)767)(* ?&7 *7 47839(8,8 78 7. 49*4(.J S9 *7 +)7'7867 673.,),)
8&.( &8 3(8'),'( 67 *(3976,6< 67A7)5 674,86,)*7 , '(6(* .(* *(39(*.J S9 *7 +)7'7867 .,
)7;(3,39=8 67 &8 3(8'),'( 78 @),&67 67 ,3)776()< 67A7)5 674,86,)*7 ,. 67&6() > ,. '7)37)(
,6?&9)78'7.
ART5CULO EI-4 LITISCONSORCIO VOLUNTARIO-
C($n% #$ %"ci!i0n %" +n% $ r"c$"r "n "# prc"! n$7c$ %" (n /i!/ '2'(# !" +(n%"
"n (n$ /i!/$ c$(!$ %" p"%ir * $+"c'" $ ,$ri$! p"r!n$!; p%r>n c/p$r"c"r c/
#i'i!cn!r'"! ,#(n'$ri!- L! $c'! %" c$%$ (n %" "##! n +$,r"c"n ni p"r)(%ic$n $
#! %"/>!; !in :(" pr "## :("%" $+"c'$%$ #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n (ni'$ri$ %"# prc"%i/i"n'-
Co)etario*
E. )7?&9*9'( +,), 3(4+,)737) 78 &8 +)(37*( 7* +)739*,478'7 ?&7 ., 6739*9=8 67 @(86( , )73,7)
78 7. +)(37*(< 8,G3, 67 &8 49*4( 'E'&.( ( *7 @&867 78 &8, 49*4, 3,&*, 67 +769) > ?&7 &8, (
""
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
;,)9,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 +&76,8 *7) ,@73',6,* 3(8 7*, )7*(.&39=8< 7*',)58 .7:9'94,6,* +,),
3(4+,)737) ,. +)(37*(< >, *7, 3(4( 674,86,8'7* ( 3(4( 674,86,6(*.
CAP5TULO V
SUCESIÓN PROCESAL

ART5CULO E3-4 SUCESIÓN PROCESAL-
L$ !(c"!i0n prc"!$# !" pr%(c" pr /("r'" %"# #i'i.$n'" pr 'r$n!/i!i0n %"# 1)"'
#i'i.i!- En c$! %" :(" "# %"/$n%$% pi%$ !"r !(!'i'(i% pr (n '"rc"r; "# )("7
%"ci%ir> # prc"%"n'" %"!p(<! %" 2r $ #! %"/>! #i'i.$n'"!-
Co)etario*
S7 78'97867 +() *&37*9=8 +)(37*,.< ., *&*'9'&39=8 67 &8, +,)'7 @()4,. +() ('), 4,'7)9,.< 3(4(
3(8*73&7839, 67 ., '),8*49*9=8 4()'9* 3,&*, ( 98'7) ;9;(* 67 ., .7:9'94,39=8 ?&7 '78E,8
,?&7..,* , D*',*. C(4+)7867 6(* *&+&7*'(* 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(L 1PJ L, *&37*9=8 +)(37*,. +() 3,&*,
67 4&7)'7 67. .9'9:,8'7 > 2P L, *&37*9=8 +)(37*,. +() '),8*49*9=8 67. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*(. E*'7
+)(37694978'( *=.( +)(3767 78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 7. 674,86,6( C,>, '),8*49'96( 7. (AB7'(
.9'9:9(*( , &8 '7)37)(M 78 7*7 3,*( .7 +769)5 ,. B&7G ?&7 *7 .7 *&*'9'&>, 3(4( +,)'7 +,*9;, 78 7.
+)(37*(< +&7* 78 7. 3,*( 67 *&37*9=8 +() 3,&*, 67 4&7)'7 *7 ,+.93, 7. A)'. 72J2 CPC.
ART5CULO E8-4 SUCESIÓN PROCESAL POR MUERTE-
3- C($n% !" 'r$n!/i'$ /r'i! c$(!$ # :(" !"$ 1)"' %"# )(ici; #$ p"r!n$
p"r!n$! :(" !(c"%$n $# c$(!$n'" p%r>n cn'in($r c(p$n% "n %ic& )(ici #$
/i!/$ p!ici0n :(" <!'"; $ '%! #! "+"c'!-
8- C/(nic$%$ #$ %"+(nci0n %" c($#:(i"r #i'i.$n'" pr :(i"n %"1$ !(c"%"r#"; "# )("7
'ri1(n$# !(!p"n%"r> "# prc"! *; pr",i $ "n'r".$r cpi$ $ #! %"/>! #i'i.$n'"!;
$cr"%i'$%$! #$ %"+(nci0n * "# '2'(# !(c"!ri * c(/p#i%! #! 'r>/i'"! p"r'in"n'"!;
'"n%r>; "n !( c$!; pr p"r!n$% $# !(c"!r "n n/1r" %"# #i'i.$n'" %i+(n';
'"ni<n%# "n c("n'$ "n #$ !"n'"nci$ :(" !" %ic'"-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 67*3)9A7 7. +)(37694978'( ?&7 C,> ?&7 *7:&9) 3&,86( *&37678 7*'(* 3,*(* 78
?&7 @,..737 &8( 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* > 7. +)(37*( 67A7 67 3(8'98&,). E. C7)767)( ( C7)767)(*<
67A7)58 +)7*78',) &8 7*3)9'( 69)9:96( ,. B&G:,6( ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67. +)(37*(< 78 6(867 .7
+96, ?&7 *7 .7* '78:, +() +7)*(8,6(* > +() *&*'9'&96(* 78 7. .&:,) ?&7 (3&+,A, 7. 3,&*,8'7 78
7. +)(37*(M 67A7)58 ,3(4+,-,) ., 37)'9@93,39=8 67. ,3', 67 67@&839=8 67. 3,&*,8'7 > .,
37)'9@93,39=8 67 ., *78'7839, 78 6(867 *7 .7* 673.,), C7)767)(* ( C7)767)( ( ',4A9D8 ,.
.7:,',)9(< 7FC9A9786( 7. '7*',478'(.J D7A74(* ,3.,),) ?&7 7*', *&37*9=8 *=.( *7)5 ,649'96,
78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 7. C7)767)( C,>, C7)76,6( 7. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*( 67. +)(37*(< >, ?&7 +(6)E,
"$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
(3&))9) ?&7 7*, 3(83)7', +,)'7 ?&7 7*'5 78 .9'9:9( > ?&7 +7)'7873E, ,. 3,&*,8'7< 8( *7 .( C,>,
67B,6( , 7*'7 C7)767)(< *98( ?&7 , &8 .7:,',)9(.J
C=4( *7 '),', 67 &8 9839678'7 > 8( '787) 7*',A.7396( &8 ')549'7 7*+739,.< *7 67A7)5 '),49',) >
)7*(.;7)*7 3(8@()47 , .,* )7:.,* 67. 9839678'7 :787),. %,)'E3&.(* 67. 416 ,. 423 CPC/.
E. B&7G 693', &8, +)(;967839, 78 6(867 *7 '9787 +() +7)*(8,6( ,. P)(3&),6() 78
)7+)7*78',39=8 67. C7)767)( ( .7:,',)9( 3(4( *&37*() +)(37*,. 67. %674,86,8'7 (
674,86,6(< *7:K8 *7, 7. 3,*(/M ()678, ., *&*+78*9=8 67. +)(37*( > ?&7 *7 .7 67 '),*.,6( , .,
3(8'),+,)'7 3(8 78')7:, 67 .,* 3(+9,* 67. 7*3)9'( > 6(3&478'(* ?&7 ,3(4+,-= 7. C7)767)( (
.7:,',)9(< +,), ?&7 *7 +)(8&83978 678')( 67. +.,G( ?&7 *7 7*',A.7378 +,), 7. 9839678'7 78
:787),..

ART5CULO E=-4 EMPLA6AMIENTOS EN CASO DE SUCESIÓN MORTIS CAUSA-
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+$##"ci%; pr p#$7 %" !"!"n'$ KCI) %2$!; 'r$n!c(rri%! #! c($#"! !in c/p$r"c"r "#
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c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! %! K8) pri/"r$! circ(n!'$nci$! "?pr"!$%$! "n "# n(/"r$#
$n'"rir; %"n'r %"# p#$7 %" !"!"n'$ KCI) %2$! !" "n'"n%"r> :(" &$ &$1i%
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:(i!i"r$n c/p$r"c"r; !" "n'"n%"r> :(" "# #i'i.$n'" %"/$n%$n'" r"n(nci$ $ #$
pr"'"n!i0n ")"rci'$%$ * !" #" cn%"n$r> "n c!'$! "n $/1! c$!!-
Co)etarios*
E. ,)'E3&.( 72 CPC )7:&., ., *9'&,39=8 67 3&,86( +() 98939,'9;, 67. C7)767)( ( 67. .7:,',)9(<
*7 C,37 +)7*78'7 78 7. +)(37*( +969786( ?&7 *7 .7 '78:, 78 *&*'9'&39=8 67 ., +,)'7 C, ?&978 C,
C7)76,6(. E8 3,4A9( 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 73 *7 )7:&., ., *9'&,39=8 3&,86( 8( C, 3(4+,)7396(
,K8 7. C7)767)( ( .7:,',)9( 67. .9'9:,8'7 @,..7396(.J E8 ,4A(* 3,*(*< *7 C, '),*.,6,6( , .,
7*@7), 67. 67)73C( ,6B7'9;( ( +)(37*,.< ., 69*+(*939=8 67 67)73C( *&*',8'9;( 3(8'74+.,6( 78
7. ,)'E3&.( $30 67. C=69:( C9;9..
E* A978 3.,), ., 69@7)7839, 67 '),',4978'( 78')7 7. ?&7 *&3767 ,. 674,86,6( ?&7 ,. ?&7
*&3767 ,. 674,86,8'7.J E8 7. +)947)(< 3&4+.96(* .(* ')549'7* > 8( *7 +7)*(87 7. ( .(*
$0
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C7)767)(* 67*+&D* 67. ..,4,6(< *7 .7 673.,),)5 78 )7A7.6E, > *7:&9)5 7. +)(37*( *& 3&)*(
8()4,..J E8 3,4A9(< *9 *7 *&3767 ,. 674,86,8'7< 3&4+.96(* .(* ')549'7*< 67 8( +7)*(8,)*7 7.
*&37*()< +() 8( ?&7)7) C,37).(< *7 .7 '786)5 +() )78&839,6( , ., +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 676&3E, 7.
3,&*,8'7 > *7 .7 3(8678,)5 78 3(*',*.J P7)( *9 7. C7)767)( 67. 3,&*,8'7 ?&7 7), 674,86,8'7<
8( 3(4+,)7397)7 +()?&7 8( +&6( *7) 74+.,G,6( +() 67*3(8(37)*7 ?&9D8 7* ( +() 8( 3(8(37)
*& +,),67)(< *7 .7 '786)5 +() 67*9*'96(.J R73()674(* ?&7 ., )78&839, , ., +)7'78*9=8 '7)498,
3(8 7. +)(37*(< *98 +(*9A9.96,6 67 ;(.;7).( , )7+7'9) +() 7F'98:&9)*7 .,* ,339(87*M 78 3,4A9(<
7. 67*9*'94978'( K893,478'7 '7)498, 3(8 7*7 +)(37*(< +&69786( 78',A.,)*7 +(*'7)9()478'7
(')( 8&7;( > 69*'98'(.
ART5CULO E@-4 SUCESIÓN POR TRANSMISIÓN DEL OBJETO LITIGIOSO-
3- C($n% !" &$*$ 'r$n!/i'i%; p"n%i"n'" (n )(ici; # :(" !"$ 1)"' %"# /i!/; "#
$%:(ir"n'" p%r> !#ici'$r; $cr"%i'$n% #$ 'r$n!/i!i0n; :(" !" #" '"n.$ c/
#i'i.$n'" "n #$ p!ici0n :(" c(p$1$ "# 'r$n!/i'"n'"- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# pr,""r> $
"!'$ p"'ici0n r%"n$n% #$ !(!p"n!i0n %" #$! $c'($cin"! * ir> "n cinc KB) %2$! $
#$ 'r$ p$r'"-
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!(!p"n!i0n * %i!pn%r> :(" "# $%:(ir"n'" c(p" "n "# )(ici #$ p!ici0n :(" "#
'r$n!/i'"n'"; '(,i"!" "n <#-
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p!ici0n $ #$ "n'r$%$ "n "# )(ici %"# $%:(ir"n'"; "# 'ri1(n$# r"!#,"r> pr /"%i
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Co)etario*
E. '7)37)( ,6?&9)78'7 67A7)5 3(4+,)737) ,. ')9A&8,. ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67. B&939(< +() *E
49*4( ( +() 4769( 67 ,+(67),6(< +)7*78',86( 7*3)9'( 78 6(867 *(.939', ?&7 *7 .7 '78:, 3(4(
.9'9:,8'7 78 ., +(*939=8 ?&7 (3&+,A, 7. '),8*49'78'7 %?&7 +&767 *7) 3(4( 674,86,8'7 (
3(4( 674,86,6(/< ,3(4+,-,)5 78 693C( 7*3)9'( ., 6(3&478',39=8 8737*,)9, ?&7 ,3)769'7 *&
3(86939=8 67 ,6?&9)78'7 67 .( ?&7 7* (AB7'( 67. B&939(.J E. B&7G ,A)9)5 &8 9839678'7< 693',)5
+)(;967839, ()678,86( ., *&*+78*9=8 67 '(6,* .,* ,3'&,39(87* > .7 3(83767)5 , ., ('), +,)'7 7.
+.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*< +&69786( 6,)*7 ,.:&8, 67 7*',* 6(* *9'&,39(87*L
1.J C,*( 67 8( (+(*939=8
S9 678')( 67 7*'7 +.,G( ., ('), +,)'7 8( *7 (+(87 , ., +7'939=8 67. ,6?&9)78'7< 7. B&7G 67A7)5
693',) &8 ,&'( ()678,86( ?&7 *7 3(8'98K7 3(8 7. B&939( > )7*(.;7)5 ?&7 7. *(.939',8'7 (3&+7 7.
.&:,) ?&7 '78E, ., +,)'7 ?&7 .7 '),8*49'9= 7. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*( 67. +)(37*(.
2.J C,*( 67 (+(*939=8
S9 678')( 67. +.,G( @9B,6( 67 5 6E,*< ., ('), +,)'7 *7 (+&*97), , ., 78'),6, 78 7. B&939( 67.
'7)37)( ,6?&9)78'7< 7. ')9A&8,. 693',)5 ,&'( )7*(.;9786( .( ?&7 7*'947 +7)'9878'7< ( A978 ?&7 7.
+)(37*( 3(8'98K7 3(8 7. '),8*49'78'7 ( A978 3(8 7. ,6?&9)78'7. A. )7*+73'( *7 +.,8'7,8 6(*
3&7*'9(87* 67A,'96,*
$1
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• N( 6937 8,6, ., .7> *9 *7 ,A)7 , +)&7A,* 7*'7 9839678'7. N( (A*',8'7 +)(3767
3(8*967),) ?&7 8,6, 94+96, ,+()',) +)&7A, 6(3&478',. ?&7 +&697), B&*'9@93,) .,
78'),6, 78 7. +)(37*( 67. ,6?&9)78'7 67. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*(
• E8 3&,8'( ,. )73&)*( 78 3(8'), 67 693C( ,&'(< *7 7*',)5 , .( 69*+&7*'( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(*
6$4 > 6$$ CPCM 7* 6739)< 3,A7 7. )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8 *98 +7)B&939( 67 ?&7 *9 7*
)73C,G,6( *7 +(6)5 C,37) ;,.7) 3(4( 4('9;( 3&,86( *7 )73&)), 78 3(8'), 67 .,
*78'7839, 67@989'9;,.
ART5CULO EB-4 DENEGACIÓN DE LA SUCESIÓN POR TRANSMISIÓN-
3- N !" $cc"%"r> $ #$ !#ici'(% %" !(c"!i0n c($n% #$ 'r$ p$r'" $cr"%i'" :(" #"
c/p"'"n %"r"c&! %"+"n!$! :("; "n r"#$ci0n cn # :(" !"$ 1)"' %"# )(ici;
!#$/"n'" p("%" &$c"r ,$#"r cn'r$ "# 'r$n!/i'"n'"; (n %"r"c& $ r"cn,"nir;
:(" p"n%" (n$ r"cn,"nci0n; !i "# c$/1i %" #i'i.$n'" p(%i"r$ %i+ic(#'$r
n'ri$/"n'" !( %"+"n!$-

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:("%$n% $ !$#, #$! r"#$cin"! )(r2%ic$! pri,$%$! :(" "?i!'$n "n'r" <!'" * "#
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Co)etario*
C(4( 8( *7 C, 693C( 8,6, *(A)7 *9 7. 9839678'7 *7 ,A)7 , +)&7A,*< 78 A,*7 , 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< .,
+,)'7 ?&7 *7 (+(8:, , ., 98'7);7839=8 67. ,6?&9)78'7< 67A7)5 ,3(4+,-,) 78 7. 7*3)9'( 67
(+(*939=8 .(* 6(3&478'(* 78 ?&7 *7 @&86,478', +,), (+(87)*7. L,* +)&7A,* *=.( 9)58
67*'98,6,* , +)(A,) .(* C73C(* ?&7 , ., +,)'7 (+&7*',* .7 3(4+7'78 > .(* 67)73C(* > 67@78*,*
*=.( 78 3(8'), 67. '),8*49'78'7 ( ?&7 *=.( 78 3&,8'( , D*'7 +(6)E, )73(8;789) ( ?&7 7*'5
+786978'7 &8, )73(8;7839=8 78 3(8'), 67 ,?&D.M ( 3(8;7837) ,. B&7G ?&7 7. 3,4A9( 67
.9'9:,8'7 .7 ;, , 69@93&.',) 8('()9,478'7 *& 67@78*,.
ART5CULO EC-4 SUCESIÓN DE PERSONAS JUR5DICAS-
3- En c$! %" %i!#(ci0n %" (n$ p"r!n$ )(r2%ic$; n !" %$r> pr cnc#(i%$ #$
#i:(i%$ci0n &$!'$ :(" n +in$#ic"n pr !"n'"nci$ +ir/" '%! #! prc"!! :("
'(,i"r$ p"n%i"n'"!; !in p"r)(ici %" #! $c'! %" %i!p!ici0n %" %"r"c&! :(" p("%$
"+"c'($r-
8- En c$! %" +(!i0n $1!rci0n %" p"r!n$! )(r2%ic$!; #$ n(",$ p"r!n$ r"!(#'$n'"
!"r> '"ni%$ c/ #i'i.$n'" "n #(.$r %" #$ "n'i%$% +(!in$%$ :(" #" %$ ri."n-
=- D" "!'$ circ(n!'$nci$ !" "n'r".$r> cpi$ $ #$ p$r'" cn'r$ri$ "n "# prc"!; :("
p%r> pn"r!" $ #$ "n'r$%$ %" #$ n(",$ p"r!n$ )(r2%ic$ c($n% #$ !(c"!i0n #"
i/pi%i"r$ ")"rc"r %"r"c&! p#$n'"$r %"+"n!$! :(" p%r2$ &$c"r ,$#"r cn'r$ #$
ri.in$ri$; c($n% "# c$/1i !" p(%i"r$ %i+ic(#'$r n'ri$/"n'" "# ")"rcici %"
$2
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
!(! %"r"c&! !( %"+"n!$- En '$#"! c$!!; n !" $cc"%"r> $ #$ !(c"!i0n; %"1i"n%
cn'in($r "n "# prc"! #$ p"r!n$ )(r2%ic$ +(!in$%$ $1!r1i%$
Co)etario*
E8 3&,8'( , ., *&37*9=8 67 +7)*(8,* B&)E693,*< D*',* *&37678 +() @&*9=8 ( ,A*()39=8< +&7* .,
.9?&96,39=8 67 ., *(3976,6 7F'98:&7 *& +7)*(8,.96,6 *98 ?&7 7F9*', &8, '),8*49*9=8 67
67)73C( ,.:&8(. P7)( *9 7* @&*9=8 ( ,A*()39=8< ., *&37*(), +)(37*,. *7)5 ., 8&7;, *(3976,6
,A*()A78'7 ( @&*9(8,8'7< ,&8?&7 +)7;9,478'7 7. B&7G 67A7)5 67 (E) , ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9, >
67A7)5 67 )7*(.;7) +() ,&'( :,),8'9G,86( *& 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., *(3976,6
,A*()A78'7.
CAP5TULO VI
INTERVENCIÓN DE TERCEROS

ART5CULO EE-4 INTERVENCIÓN VOLUNTARIA-
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#$ r"!#,"r> pr /"%i %" $('; pr",i$ $(%i"nci$ %" #$! p$r'"! p"r!n$%$!; %"n'r
%"# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!-
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pr"'"n!in"! +r/(#$%$! pr #$ p$r'" "n c(*$ p!ici0n in.r"!"; $(n:(" #$ p$r'" "n
c(*$ p!ici0n &$*$ in.r"!$% r"n(nci"; !" $##$n"; %"!i!'$ $1$n%n" "# prc"!-
@- T$/1i<n !" p"r/i'ir>n $# in'"r,ini"n'" #$! $#".$cin"! n"c"!$ri$! p$r$ !( %"+"n!$;
:(" n &(1i"r" "+"c'($% pr crr"!pn%"r $ //"n'! prc"!$#"! $n'"rir"! $ !(
$%/i!i0n "n "# prc"!- D" "!'$! $#".$cin"! !" "n'r".$r> cpi$; "n '% c$!; $ #$!
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B- E# in'"r,ini"n'" p%r>; $!i/i!/; ('i#i7$r #! r"c(r!! :(" prc"%$n cn'r$ #$!
r"!#(cin"! :(" "!'i/" p"r)(%ici$#"! $ !( in'"r<!; $(n:(" #$! cn!i"n'$ #$ p$r'" "n
c(*$ p!ici0n &$*$ in.r"!$%-
Co)etario*
Gimeno Sendra< 39',86( , Rosenberg7sc"Eab< 3(478', )7*+73'( , 7*', @9:&), .( *9:&978'7L
HV9787 , *7) &8, 98'7);7839=8 .9'9*3(8*()39,.< 78 6(867 7. 98'7);98978'7 7* &8, ,&'D8'93, +,)'7
+)9839+,. > +() 3(8*9:&978'7 7*'5 .7:9'94,6( +,), 3(8@()4,)< B&8'( 3(8 .(* 6745*
$3
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
.9'9*3(8*()'7*< 7. (AB7'( +)(37*,..J L(* ,3'(* 67 69*+(*939=8 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 7F9:78 .,
3(83&))7839, 67 ., ;(.&8',6 67 '(6(* 7..(*< +() .( ?&7 +&767 7. 98'7);98978'7 (+(87)*7 ,
3&,.?&97), 67 .(* ',.7* ,3'(*< 3(4( 7. ,..,8,4978'(< 67*9*'94978'( 7'3.M +&767 *&+.9) 4769,8'7
*&* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* .(* 7@73'(* 67 ., 673.,),39=8 67 )7A7.6E, ( 67 &8, 3(86&3', 47),478'7
+,*9;, 67 ., +,)'7 98'7);7896,M , D. *7 .7 67A7 8('9@93,) '(6,* .,* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7* ><
3(8'), 7..,* +(6)5 &'9.9G,) '(6(* .(* 4769(* 67 94+&:8,39=8 )73(8(396(* 78 7. CPC 3(8
9867+7867839, %+&7*< ,. 9:&,. ?&7 7. .9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9(< )9:7 7. +)9839+9( 67 A787@939( 67
.(* 7@73'(* +)(37*,.7* 3(8*7:&96(* +() .(* .9'9*3(8*()'7* ,3'9;(* ( 69.9:78'7* 3(8 )7*+73'( ,
.(* 98,3'9;(*/< 67A9786( *,'9*@,37) .,* 3(*',* +)(37*,.7* ?&7 *& *(., 3(86&3', ()9:987 678')(
67. +)(37*(.^I C(8 3,)53'7) :787),. p$r'" prc"!$# +&767 *7) 67@9896,< 3(4( ,?&7. (
,?&7..(* _*&B7'(* B&)E693(* ?&7 +)7'78678< ( @)78'7 , .(* ?&7 *7 +)7'7867< &8, '&'7.,
B&)9*69339(8,. 3(83)7', > ?&7< ,@73',6(* +() 7. +)(8&839,4978'( J&6939,. 3())7*+(86978'7<
,*&478 +.78,478'7 .(* 67)73C(*< 3,):,*< > )7*+(8*,A9.96,67* 98C7)78'7* ,. +)(37*(` %A. de
la Oliva1 Derec"o Procesal Civil, 3(8 ,. A. =ern%nde& Lópe&< V I< 1$$0/. T(4,6( 3(4(
+&8'( 67 +,)'96, 7*'7 3(837+'( :78D)93( 67 +,)'7 +)(37*,.< 7. 54A9'( 67. +)7*78'7 7*'&69(
'9787 +() (AB7'( ,8,.9G,) ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 ?&9787* 8( *7,8 +()'7 +)(37*,. +&76,8
+,)'939+,) 78 7. +)(37*( > '787) &8, 98'7);7839=8 69)73', > ,3'9;, 78 7. 49*4(. S&):7< ,*E< .,
8(39=8 67 '7)37)( ( 67 98'7);98978'7 78 7. +)(37*(.
L, 8(39=8 67 '"rc"r 7* 67 69@E39. > 69*3&'96, 67@98939=8 '7=)93,. T),6939(8,.478'7< *7 .7 C,
67@9896( 67*67 &8, +7)*+73'9;, 3(837+'&,. 87:,'9;, ( 7F3.&>78'7< .( 3&,. *&+(87 ?&7 *7)E,
'7)37)( H?&978 8( 7* +,)'7I< 6,6( ?&7 78 ., )7.,39=8 B&)E693(J+)(37*,. K893,478'7 *7 +(6E,
*7) +,)'7 ( '7)37)(< *98 *9'&,39(87* 98'7)4769,* 67 _?&,*9 +,)'7` ( 67 +,)'7 ,337*()9,.
%_'7)'9&4 8(8 6,'&4`).
10
D93C( +.,8'7,4978'(< *98 74A,):(< *7 4&7*'), C(> 78 6E,
98*&@93978'7< > ,*E =ern%nde& Lópe&< 67@987 ,. '7)37)( 3(4( _,?&7..,* +7)*(8,* ?&7< *98 *7)
+,)'7< *7 783&78'),8 )7*+73'( 67. +)(37*( ( 67 .(* 67)73C(* ?&7 78 7. +)(37*( *7 ;78'9.,8 78
&8, 67'7)498,6, )7.,39=8< > , .(* ?&7 7. O)678,4978'( B&)E693( 3(8*967), 69:8(* 67
+)('7339=8 +)739*,478'7 +()?&7 8( *(8 ,B78(*`
11
P() in'"r,"nci0n *7 78'97867 ., 98')(6&339=8 78 &8 +)(37*( +786978'7 67 &8, '7)37), +7)*(8,
?&7 @()4&., &8, +)7'78*9=8 67 *&* +)(+9(* 98'7)7*7*< *7, 78 @()4, 69)73', ( A978 , '),;D* 67
., 67@78*, 67 .(* 67)73C(* 67 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*. L,* 8(',* ?&7 3,),3'7)9G,8 .,
98'7);7839=8< *9:&9786( , 4arnica ,art0n
12
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10
10 R7;9*', 67. P(67) J&6939,. 8P 3". J&89( 1$$5. =ern%nde&7Espinar 4on&alo. HA+)(F94,39(87* , &8, 67.949',39=8 67.
3(837+'( > ., 8,'&),.7G, B&)E693, 67 ., .7:9'94,39=8 78 7. +)(37*,.I. E*'&69(*. C.G.P.J.
11
SERRA DOMaNGUEZ< _L, 98'7);7839=8 67 '7)37)(* 78 7. +)(37*(`, 78 Est!dios de Derec"o Procesal< +5:. 214J215. M<
SERRA DOMINGUEZL Intervención del vendedor cit el proceso de evicción, 78 E*'&69(* 67 D7)73C( P)(37*,.< 1$6$< ++. $6J
$"M J. MONTERO AROCAL L, intervención ad"esiva simple, 1$72< ++. .13J5$M T< LOPEZJ 1RAGOSOL La intervención de
terceros a instancia de parte en el proceso civil español, 1$$0< ++. 1$J22M 1. RODRIGUEZJMORATAL $enta de cosa a#ena y
evicción, 1$$0< ++. 43J45M GUASPL Comentarios 39'.< ++. 272J274.
12
12. R7;9*', 67. P(67) J&6939,. R7;9*', 67. P(67) J&6939,. 8P 62. S7:&86( ')947*')7 2001 4arnica ,art0n, F!an =rancisco.
HL,* +,)'7* 78 ., 8&7;, .7> 67 78B&939,4978'( 39;9.L 8(;76,67* 45* *9:89@93,'9;,*I. E*'&69(*. C.G.P.J.

$4
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1/ L, +)7;9, 7F9*'7839, 67 &8 +)(37*( +786978'7< 98939,6( 78')7 +,)'7* 3(8(396,* >
67'7)498,6,*. 2/ L, 98')(6&339=8 78 7. 49*4( +() +,)'7 67 &8 '7)37)(< 7* 6739)< +() ,.:&978
69*'98'( , .,* +,)'7* > ?&7 8( +&767 ',8 *9?&97), 3(8*967),)*7 3(4( *& *&37*(). L, *&37*9=8 7*
&8, 98*'9'&39=8 87',478'7 69*'98', , ., 98'7);7839=8 +)(37*,.. A..E 6(867 C,>, *&37*9=8 8(
+&767 3(8*967),)*7 ?&7 7F9*', 98'7);7839=8< ,&8?&7 78 &8( > (')( 3,*( *7 7*'D ,8'7 &8 '7)37)(
?&7 *7 98')(6&37 78 &8 +)(37*( >, 98939,6(. 3/ 2&7 7*7 '7)37)( ,3'K7 4(;96( +() &8 98'7)D*
67 67@78*, 67 *&* +)(+9(* 67)73C(*< *7, 78 @()4, 69)73', ( 9869)73',< 7* 6739)< , '),;D* 67 .,
67@78*, 67 .(* 67)73C(* 67 &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*. 4/ 2&7 7. '7)37)( 98')(6&G3, &8, +)7'78*9=8 67
'&'7.,< >, *7, 69*'98', ( A978 67 ,+(>( , ., 67 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*.
P,)'9786( 67 7*',* 8(',* 3(4&87* , '(6( '9+( 67 98'7);7839=8 78 7. +)(37*( *98 *7) 98939,.
+,)'7 +)(37*,.< ., 98'7);7839=8 +)(37*,. +&767 *7) 3.,*9@93,6, 67*67 6(* +&8'(* 67 ;9*',
69*'98'(*. D7*67 ., +7)*+73'9;, 67 ., @()4, 67 78'),6, 67. '7)37)( 78 7. +)(37*( 78L ;(.&8',)9,
> +)(;(3,6,< > 67*67 ., +7)*+73'9;, 67 ., )7.,39=8 3(8 ., +,)'7 +)9839+,. 78L +)9839+,. >
,6C7*9;,. S7 7*'5 ,8'7 ., in'"r,"nci0n ,#(n'$ri$; 3&,86( ., 49*4, *7 +)(6&37 +() +)(+9,
98939,'9;, 67. 98'7);98978'7. S7 7*'5 ,8'7 in'"r,"nci0n pr,c$%$; 3&,86( ., 49*4, 7*
986&396, +() ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*< +,)'93&.,)478'7 +() ., 674,86,6,.
S7 C,A., 67 in'"r,"nci0n princip$# 78 ,?&7..(* *&+&7*'(* 78 .(* ?&7 7. 98'7);98978'7 +&767
98')(6&39) &8, +)7'78*9=8 3(8'),693'()9, ( 983(4+,'9A.7 3(8 ., ?&7 7* (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(
98939,6(. C&,86( 8( 7F9*'7 983(4+,'9A9.96,6 78')7 ., +)7'78*9=8 67. 98'7);98978'7 > ., ?&7 7*
(AB7'( 67. +)(37*( 98939,6( *7 C,A., 67 in'"r,"nci0n $%&"!i,$-
A *& ;7G< 78 ., 98'7);7839=8 ,6C7*9;, *7 *&7.7 69*'98:&9) 78')7L #$ $%&"!i,$ !i/p#" * #$
#i'i!cn!rci$#- L, 69@7)7839, 78')7 &8, > ('), ),693, 78 ., 69@7)78'7 +(*939=8 78 ., ?&7 *7
783&78'),8 .(* 98'7);98978'7* )7*+73'( ,. (AB7'( > .(* 7@73'(* 67. +)(37*(. E. 98'7);98978'7
.9'9*3(8*()39,. +&6( ( 67A9= *7) +,)'7 78 7. +)(37*(M 7* 6739)< *7 783&78'), 78 &8, *9'&,39=8 67
.9'9*3(8*()39( 8737*,)9( ( A978 @,3&.','9;( )7*+73'( , .,* +,)'7*. E8 3,4A9(< 7. 98'7);98978'7
,6C7*9;(< 8( *7 783&78'), 78 898:&8, 67 7*,* +(*939(87*. E. 98'7);98978'7 .9'9*3(8*()39,.
67@97867 69)73',478'7 67)73C(* +)(+9(*< 4978'),* 7. ,6C7*9;( 3(,6>&;, , ., 67@78*, 67
67)73C(* 67 (')(*. P() @98< 4978'),* ., *78'7839, ?&7 C,>, 67 )73,7) 78 7. +)(37*( ,@73',
69)73',478'7 ,. 98'7);98978'7 .9'9*3(8*()39,.< ,. ,6C7*9;( *=.( .7 ,@73', +('7839,.478'7 > 67
@()4, )7@.7B,. %Serra Dom0ng!e&, _L, 98'7);7839=8 67 '7)37)(* 78 7. +)(37*(`, 78 Est!dios
de Derec"o Procesal).
E8 67@989'9;,< ., 6(:45'93, 7* A,*',8'7 &89@()47 78 7. '74, 67 ., 98'7);7839=8 67 '7)37)(*<
*(A)7 ., A,*7 67 7*',* 6(* 3.,*9@93,39(87* ?&7 8( *7 7F3.&>78< +&7* ., +)947), ,'97867 , .,
B&*'9@93,39=8< > ('), , ., ;(.&8',)976,6 67 ., 98'7);7839=8 67. '7)37)(. S9 ., 3(J '9'&.,)96,6 7*
67 ., 49*4, )7.,39=8 B&)E693( 4,'7)9,. ?&7 ., ..7;,6, ,. +)(37*( +() &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*< *7
9678'9@93, 3(4( 98'7);7839=8 .9'9*3(8*()39,.. S9 ., )7.,39=8 B&)E693( 4,'7)9,. 78 ?&7 +,)'939+,
7. '7)37)( )7*&.', 67+786978'7 67 ., 676&396, 78 7. +)(37*(< 67 4(6( ?&7 D*', *7, +)7B&6939,.
)7*+73'( 67 ,?&7..,< 3(8*'9'&>786( 8()4,.478'7 *&+&7*'( 67 C73C( +,), *& 7F9*'7839, (
7@73'9;96,6< ., 678(498,39=8 7* 67 98'7);7839=8 ,6C7*9;, *94+.7. L,* 98'7);7839(87*
.9'9*3(8*()39,. > ,6C7*9;, *94+.7 *(8 ,*&8'( 67 '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< +&7* *9 7. '7)37)( C,
67 *&@)9)< *7, 67 4(6( 69)73'(< *7, 67 4(6( )7@.7B(< .(* 7@73'(* 67 ., *78'7839, )73,E6, 78
+)(37*( C,A96( b8'7) ,.9(* *7 .7 C, 67 3(83767) ., (+()'&896,6 67 98'7);789)< 67@7869786( *&
98'7)D* ( *& 67)73C( 4769,8'7 ., 67@78*, 67. 67)73C( 3&7*'9(8,6( 67 &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*.
$5
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C(4( *&+&7*'(* 3(83)7'(* 67 98'7);7839=8 ,6C7*9;, ?&7 *7 67*',3,8 +() ,. 6(3')98,
*4arnica ,art0n) *7 +&7678 39',) 78')7 ., 98'7);7839=8 .9'9*3(8*()39,.L 1/ L, 67. 3(8*&496()
( &*&,)9( 78 7. +)(37*( 98*',6( +() 78'96,67* 78 67@78*, 67 .(* 98'7)7*7* 3(.73'9;(*. 2/ L, 67.
.9'9*3(8*()'7 8737*,)9( 78 7. +)(37*( 78 7. ?&7 @&7 +)7'7)96(.3/ L, 67. ,3)776() ( 67&6()
*(.96,)9( 78 7. +)(37*( 98939,6( +() (')( 67 .(* ,3)776()7* *(.96,)9(* ( 3(8'), ,.:&8( 67 7..(*.
4/ L, 67. 67&6() +)9839+,. 78 7. +)(37*( 98939,6( +() 7. ,3)776() @)78'7 ,. @9,6(). 5/ L, 67.
3(C7)767)( 78 7. +)(37*( 98939,6( +() &8 ,3)776() 3(8'), (')( 67 .(* 3(C7)767)(*.6/ L, 67.
3('9'&.,) 67 &8, )7.,39=8 B&)E693, 78 3&>, 67@78*, C, 7B7)39',6( 674,86, (')( 67 .(*
3('9'&.,)7*.7/ L, 67. *&*'9'&96( 78 7. +)(37*( 98939,6( +() 7. *&*'9'&'(< 78 '(6(* ,?&7..(* 3,*(*
78 .(* ?&7 *7 ,649'7 ., *&*'9'&39=8 +)(37*,.. C(4( *&+&7*'(* 6&6(*(* 7*7 39',8 7. 67.
,339(89*', ?&7 ;('= , @,;() 67. ,3&7)6( 94+&:8,6( > ?&7 67*7, 98'7);789) 78 7. +)(37*(
*7:&96( 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., 94+&:8,39=8 67. 49*4( > .(* *&+&7*'(* 67 98'7);7839=8 67.
7B73&',6( 7*',A.7396(* +,), 7. 3,*( 67 '7)37)E, 67 6(4989( > 67 47B() 67)73C(<
C(4( *&+&7*'(* 67 98'7);7839=8 ,6C7*9;, *94+.7 +&7678 39',)*7L1/ E. 67. *&A,))786,',)9( (
37*9(8,)9( 78 7. +)(37*( *7:&96( 78')7 7. ,))786,6() > 7. ,))786,',)9( ()9:98,)9(. A +7*,) 67
.,* 6&6,* ?&7 *(A)7 7*'7 *&+&7*'( *7 397)878< , +,)'9) 67 &8, B&)9*+)&67839, 7?&9;(3,6, ?&7
..7;,A, , 3(8;7)'9) .(* 7@73'(* 47),478'7 )7@.7B(* 67 ., *78'7839, 693',6, 78 7*7 +)(37*(
*(A)7 *& +)(+9, 7*@7), B&)E693, 78 69)73'(*< +() 3&,8'( *7 94+(8E, ., 7B73&39=8 67 ., *78'7839,
@)78'7 ,. '7)37)(< 67A7 3(8*967),)*7 +)(+9,478'7 3(4( &8 *&+&7*'( 67 98'7);7839=8 ,6C7*9;,<
+&7* 8( *7 67@97867 &8 67)73C( +)(+9( *98( ,B78(< 7. 67. ,))786,',)9( 674,86,6(< 67. ?&7
67+7867 7. +)(+9( 67)73C(. 2/ L, 98'7);7839=8 67. ,))786,',)9( 78 7. +)(37*( 98939,6( 3(8'),
7. ,))786,6()< 69*3&'9786( *& 'E'&.( 67 6(4989(.3/ L, 98'7);7839=8 67. @9,6() 78 7. +)(37*(
98939,6( 78')7 7. ,3)776() > 7. 67&6(). 4/ L, 67. ,*7:&),6() 67 )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 39;9. 78 7.
+)(37*( 98939,6( @)78'7 , *& ,*7:&),6(. 5/ E8 :787),.< ., 67 +7)*(8,* ?&7 +&7678 *7)
674,86,6,* 78 &8 +)(37*( &.'7)9() +,), 9867489G,) ,. ;78396( +() .(* 6,-(* > +7)B&939(*
67)9;,6(* 67. +)(+9( +)(37*( > ?&7 .7 *7,8 94+&',A.7*. L(* *&+&7*'(* *(8 69;7)*(*L ,*E 7.
8(',)9( 78 7. +)(37*( *(A)7 8&.96,6 '7*',478',)9, +() 67@73'( 67 @()4, 78 7. '7*',478'(
98939,6( @)78'7 , .(* C7)767)(*M ., 67. )7*+(8*,A.7 69)73'( ',.7* 3(4( .(* 67+786978'7* (
,.&48(* 78 .(* +)(37*(* *(A)7 )73.,4,39=8 67 6,-(* > +7)B&939(* *7:&96(* @)78'7 , .(*
74+)7*,)9(* ( 4,7*')(*.
ART5CULO EF-4 INTERVENCIÓN PROVOCADA-
3- C($n% #$ #"* p"r/i'$ $# %"/$n%$% ##$/$r $ (n '"rc"r p$r$ :(" in'"r,"n.$ "n "#
prc"!; !#ici'$r> %"# 'ri1(n$# :(" !"$ n'i+ic$%$ $# '"rc"r #$ p"n%"nci$ %"# )(ici-
L$ !#ici'(% %"1"r> pr"!"n'$r!" %"n'r %"# p#$7 'r.$% p$r$ cn'"!'$r $ #$
%"/$n%$ "n "# )(ici r%in$ri ; c($n% !" 'r$'" %" (n )(ici $1r",i$%; $n'"! %"#
%2$ !"D$#$% p$r$ #$ $(%i"nci$-
8- E# 'ri1(n$# ir> $# %"/$n%$n'" "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$! * r"!#,"r> /"%i$n'"
$(' # :(" prc"%$- Acr%$%$ #$ n'i+ic$ci0n; !" "/p#$7$r> $# '"rc"r p$r$
cn'"!'$r $ #$ %"/$n%$ "n #$ /i!/$ +r/$ * "n i%<n'ic! '<r/in! $ #!
"!'$1#"ci%! p$r$ "# "/p#$7$/i"n' %"# %"/$n%$%- Si !" 'r$'$!" %" (n prc"!
$6
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
$1r",i$%; "# 'ri1(n$# pr /"%i %" pr,i%"nci$ &$r> n(", !"D$#$/i"n' p$r$ #$
$(%i"nci$; ci'$n% $ #$! p$r'"! * $# '"rc"r ##$/$% $# prc"!-
=- E# p#$7 cnc"%i% $# %"/$n%$% p$r$ cn'"!'$r $ #$ %"/$n%$ :("%$r> "n
!(!p"n! %"!%" #$ !#ici'(% %" in'"r,"nci0n * !" r"$n(%$r> cn #$ n'i+ic$ci0n %" #$
%"!"!'i/$ci0n %" !( p"'ici0n ; !i "! "!'i/$%$; cn #$ "n'r".$ %" #$ cpi$ %"# "!cri'
%" cn'"!'$ci0n pr"!"n'$% pr "# '"rc"r *; "n '% c$!; $# "?pir$r "# p#$7
cnc"%i% $ "!'" 9#'i/ p$r$ cn'"!'$r $ #$ %"/$n%$-
Co)etario*
S7 78'97867 +() 98'7);7839=8 +)(;(3,6, ., ..,4,6, , &8 '7)37)( 7@73'&,6, +() 7. 674,86,8'7
( 7. 674,86,6( , @98 67 ?&7 98'7);78:, 78 &8 +)(37*( 67'7)498,6(. P7)( 7. 3,*( 67. ,)'E3&.(
7" CPC 3(8'74+., ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 *7, *=.( 7. 674,86,6( 7. ?&7 *(.939'7 .,
98'7);7839=8 67 &8 '7)37)(.
L, *(.939'&6 *974+)7 67A7 C,37)*7 +() 7*3)9'( >< 3&,86( *7 '),', 67 &8, 674,86, ?&7 *7
'),49'7 3(8@()47 ,. B&939( ()698,)9(< ., *(.939'&6 67A7 +)7*78',)*7 678')( 67. +.,G( +,),
3(8'7*',) ., 674,86,< ?&7 7* 67 30 6E,* %,)'E3&.( 432 CPC/ > *9 ., 674,86, *7 '),49',
3(8@()47 ,. B&939( ,A)7;9,6(< 7. 7*3)9'( 67A7 *7) +)7*78',6( ,8'7* 67. 6E, *7-,.,6( +,), .,
,&697839,.
E8 ,4A(* 3,*(* 7. ')9A&8,. *974+)7 67A7 (E) ,. 674,86,8'7 > +,), 7..( .7 3(83767)5 7. +.,G(
67 3983( 6E,*< 6586(.7 3(+9, 67. 7*3)9'( 67 ., *(.939'&6 > 3(8 .( ?&7 7F+(8:, ( *9 8,6,
7F+(87 678')( 67 693C( +.,G(< 693',)5 &8 ,&'( )7*(.;9786( *(A)7 7. ,*&8'(.J N( C,> &8 +.,G(
*7-,.,6( 78 7*+739,. +,), ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. 693'7 7*', 3.,*7 67 ,&'(*< +() .( ',8'(< 3(8
@&86,478'( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 123 78 )7.,39=8 ,. 201 67. CPC< 7. ')9A&8,. 67A7)5 693',).( *98
69.,39=8 ,.:&8,.
S9 7* 78 &8 B&939( ()698,)9( > 78 7. ,&'( *7 67897:, ., *(.939'&6< *7 *7:&9)5 7. +)(37*( *=.(
3(8 7. 674,86,6( ()9:98,.M 3(4( *7 C,AE, 98'7))&4+96( 7. +.,G( +,), 3(8'7*',) ., 674,86,
3(8 ., ,649*9=8 67 *& *(.939'&6< .7 74+97G, , 3())7) , D*'7 8&7;,478'7 7. )7*'( 67. +.,G( +,),
3(8'7*',) ., 674,86,< 67*67 ?&7 .7 7* 8('9@93,6( 7. ,&'( 78 6(867 *7 67*7*'94= *& +7'939=8.
E*'7 ,&'( 7* )73&))9A.7 *=.( 78 )7+(*939=8.
S974+)7 678')( 67. B&939( ()698,)9(< *9 78 7. ,&'( ?&7 *7 693', )7*(.;9786( *(A)7 ., (+(*939=8<
( ?&7 8( C,>, C,A96( (+(*939=8< *7 ,3&7)6, 6,) .&:,) , ., 98'7);7839=8 67. '7)37)(< 78 7*7
49*4( ,&'( *7 ()678,)5 ., 8('9@93,39=8 ,. '7)37)( > ?&7 *7 .7 74+.,37 +,), ?&7 678')( 67.
+.,G( 67 ')798', 6E,* 3(8'7*'7 ., 674,86,. E. +.,G( +,), 3(8'7*',) ., 674,86, ,. 674,86,6(
()9:98,. .7 74+97G, , 3())7) 3(8 ., 78')7:, 67 ., 3(+9, 67. 7*3)9'( 67 3(8'7*',39=8 +)7*78',6(
+() 7. '7)37)( >< 78 '(6( 3,*(< ,. 7F+9),) 7. +.,G( 3(837696( , 7*'7 K.'94( +,), 3(8'7*',) , .,
674,86,.
S9 7* 78 &8 B&939( ,A)7;9,6( >, *7, ?&7 *7 67*7*'947 ( *7 ,649', *& +7'939=8< 7. B&7G< 78 7.
49*4( ,&'( *7-,.,)5 &8, 8&7;, @73C, +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ,&697839, , 6(867 3(83&))9)58
7. 674,86,8'7 > 7. 674,86,6(< > *9 @&7)7 ,649'96, ., +7'939=8< ',4A9D8 67A7)5 3(83&))9) 7.
'7)37)( ..,4,6( ,. +)(37*(< ()678,86( +() *&+&7*'( ?&7 *7 39'7 67 8&7;( ,. 674,86,6(
()9:98,. > ,. 49*4( '7)37)( +,), ?&7 98'7);78:, 78 7. +)(37*(.
$7
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
CAP5TULO VII
POSTULACIÓN PROCESAL
ART5CULO EH-4 INTERVENCIÓN DE PROFESIONAL DEL DERECHO-
3- S$#, :(" #$ #"* %i!pn.$ # cn'r$ri; #$ c/p$r"c"nci$ "n )(ici %" #$ p$r'"
%"1"r> &$c"r!" /"%i$n'" pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& &$1i#i'$% #".$#/"n'" p$r$
")"rc"r; :(i"n $!(/ir> !( %"+"n!$ * r"pr"!"n'$ci0n prc"!$#-
8- C/ r"pr"!"n'$n'" prc"!$#; :("%$r> 1#i.$% pr /$n%$'; cn+"ri%
"?pr"!$/"n'" /"%i$n'" p%"r ."n"r$# "!p"ci$#; $ !"r,ir %" c/(nic$ci0n
"+ici"n'" "n'r" !( c#i"n'" * "# )("7 'ri1(n$#-
=- S" "n'"n%"r> :(" "# p%"r &$ !i% $c"p'$% c($n% "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&
r"$#ic" ."!'in"! prc"!$#"! p$r$ #$ p$r'"-
@- N !"r> pr"c"p'i,$ #$ in'"r,"nci0n %" pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& "n #$ pri/"r$
in!'$nci$ %" #! prc"!! $1r",i$%!; %" c($n'2$ in+"rir $ Cinc Mi# L"/pir$! KL
B-III-II) p$r$ "# %"!$rr## %"# prc"! $1r",i$% /"%i$n'" +r/(#$ri- P"r !i "n
"!'! prc"!! (n$ %" #$! p$r'"! "!'> %"+"n%i%$ * r"pr"!"n'$%$ pr pr+"!in$# %"#
%"r"c&; #$ 'r$ %"1"r> "!'$r# i.($#/"n'"-
Co)etario*
E. ,)'E3&.( 7$ 7*'5 &A93,6( 78 7. C,+E'&.( VII< TE'&.( III 67. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC< ?&7
)7:&., .( )7.,'9;( , ., +(*'&.,39=8 +)(37*,. ?&7 *7 7F'97867 C,*', 7. ,)'E3&.( "$ 983.&*9;7. E.
+)9839+9( 7*7839,. 67. ?&7 +,)'7 7*'7 +)737+'( 7* ., 98'7);7839=8 (A.9:,'()9, 67. +)(@7*9(8,.
67. 67)73C( 3(4( 7F9:7839, .7:,. 67 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* @()4,.7* ( 3(8 3,+,396,6 +)(37*,.
3(4+,)7G3,8 )7+)7*78',6,* +() &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( C,A9.9',6( @()4,.478'7 3(8 7. @98
67 +(67) )7,.9G,) ;5.96,478'7 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*. L, 7F9:7839, 67 ?&7 *7, &8 +)(@7*9(8,.
67. 67)73C( 7. ?&7 )7+)7*78'7 +)(37*,.478'7 , .,* +,)'7* 67;9787 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7.,
B&6939,. 7@73'9;, > *98 ?&7 78 898:K8 3,*( *7 +)(6&G3, 9867@78*9=8M *9 &8 39&6,6,8( 3,)737 67
&8 )7+)7*78',8'7 78 &8 B&939( 3(8 3(8(394978'(* .7:,.7*< *7 .7 (3,*9(8,)E, &8, 9867@78*9=8
@()4,. > 4,'7)9,.< 67 ',. 4,87), ?&7 .,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,. *98 ., 67A96, 98'7);7839=8 67
.7'),6( 67'7)498, ., 8&.96,6 ),693,. > ,A*(.&', 67 .( ,3'&,6(. L(* 3)9'7)9(* 67 ,3'&,39=8
7*7839,.7* ;97878 +)7*9696(* +() .,* *9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
• H,A9.9',39=8 .7:,.. E. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 +&767 ,3'&,) 78 B&939(< +&767 *7)
&8 AA(:,6(< &8 L937839,6( 78 C97839,* J&)E693,* > S(39,.7* ( &8 7*'&69,8'7 67 .,
3,))7), 67 67)73C( ?&7 8( C,>, 3&.498,6( *&* 7*'&69(*< +7)( ?&7 7. C(.7:9( 67
AA(:,6(* 67 C(86&),* .7 C,>, 7F'78696( &8 3,)8D 67 P)(3&),6()M 7*'7 K.'94( *=.(
+&767 ,3'&,) A,B( ., 69)7339=8 67 &8 AA(:,6(. L(* 6(* +)947)(* 67A78 7*',)
67A96,478'7 3(.7:9,6(* > ?&7 8( *7 .7* C,>, *&*+78696( +,), 7. 7B7)3939( 67 .,
$"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(@7*9=8< >, *7, +() 4(), 78 7. +,:( 67 *&* 3&(',* ,. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(* ( +()
C,A7) 3(47'96( ,3'(* 3(8'),)9(* , ., D'93, 67. 7B7)3939( +)(@7*9(8,.< > 7. '7)37)( 67A7
7*',) 3(8 7. 3,)8D ;9:78'7 7F'78696( +() 7. 47839(8,6( C(.7:9(.J
• V983&.,39=8 78')7 .,* +,)'7* > 7. +)(@7*9(8,.. E. +5)),@( *7:&86( ;983&., ,.
+)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 3(8 ., +,)'7 ?&7 .7 ('():, +(67) +() 4769( 67. 3(8'),'( 67
4,86,'( %,)'E3&.( 1""" 3.3./ > .( (A.9:, , *7);9) 67 3(4&893,39=8 7@93978'7 78')7 7.
')9A&8,. > *& 3.978'7.
• A37+',39=8 '539', 67. +(67). E. +5)),@( '7)37)( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 3(8'9787 .,
69*+(*939=8 67 ?&7 8( 7* 8737*,)9(< +,), 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< ,37+',)
7F+)7*,478'7 7. +(67) ?&7 *7 .7 3(8@9)9=< +&7* A,*',)5 +,), 7..( C,37) &*( 67 D.. E*',
49*4, 69*+(*939=8 ., 783(8')5A,4(* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 7 67. C=69:( 67 +)(37694978'(*
78 4,'7)9, 39;9. 67 1$06. E. +5)),@( 3&,)'( 3(8'9787 ., 7F37+39=8 , ., )7:., 67 .,
(A.9:,'()976,6 :787),. 67 7*',) )7+)7*78',6,* .,* +,)'7* +() &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67.
67)73C( > 7* 78 ., +)947), 98*',839, 67 .(* +)(37*(* ,A)7;9,6(*< 67 3&,8'E, 98@7)9() ,
C983( M9. L74+9),* %L5< 000.00/ +,), 7. 67*,))(..( 67. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6( 4769,8'7
@()4&.,)9(. A*949*4(< 3(83&))7 ('), 7F37+39=8 ?&7 8( *7 47839(8, ,?&E > 7* ., ?&7
*7 6, 78 7. +)(37*( 4(89'()9( %,)'E3&.(* 5"4 > 67$ 8P 3 CPC/.
ART5CULO FI-4 ACTOS JUE PUEDEN REALI6AR POR S5 MISMAS LAS
PARTES-
L$! p$r'"! p%r>n +r/(#$r #$ %"/$n%$ %"# prc"! /ni'ri p"%ir %ir"c'$/"n'"
pr !2 /i!/$! $# )("7 'ri1(n$# "# 1"n"+ici %" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ $!2 c/ #$
$%pci0n %" /"%i%$! (r."n'"! %" pr'"cci0n %" !(! %"r"c&! " in'"r"!"! #".2'i/!
pr",i$/"n'" $ #$ in'"rp!ici0n %" #$ %"/$n%$-
Co)etario*
C(4( >, .( 47839(8,4(* 78 7. 3(478',)9( ,. ,)'E3&.( ,8'7)9()< 7F9*'78 (')(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*
67 .,* +,)'7* 78 6(867 8( 7* 8737*,)9( ., 98'7);7839=8 67 &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(M ,6745*
67 .,* ?&7 >, 69B94(* 7*'5 ., 67 +769) 7. A787@939( 67 ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9', %,)'E3&.(* $1
> $4 CPC/ > ., ,6(+39=8 67 47696,* &):78'7* 67 +)('7339=8 67 *&* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7*
.7:E'94(* ,8'7* 67 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86,.
E8 3&,8'( , .,* 47696,* &):78'7* , ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< 8( *7 7*+739@93,8 3&,.7* *(8<
*=.( *7 6937 ?&7 67A78 *7) .,* 783,498,6,* , ., +)('7339=8 67 *&* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7*
.7:E'94(* > ?&7 *7 C,:,8 ,8'7* 67 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86,. D7A96( , 7*', ,4A9:Q76,6<
+(674(* 6739) ?&7 7*'58 983.&96,* 78 7*'7 '9+( 67 ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7*< ., *(.939'&6 67
47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* +)7*78',6, ,8'7* 67 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86, %,)'E3&.( 351 CPC/M .,
*(.939'&6 67 ,*7:&),4978'( 67 ., +)&7A,< 9:&,.478'7 67A7 C,37)*7 ,8'7* 67 983(,) .,
674,86,< >, ?&7 ., +)&7A, 7*'5 )7.,39(8,6, 3(8 .(* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* .7:E'94(* ?&7 +978*,
)73.,4,) 7. @&'&)( 674,86,8'7 %,)'E3&.( 246 CPC/ > 67A78 67 983.&9)*7 ',4A9D8 .,*
69.9:7839,* +)7+,),'()9,* %,)'E3&.( 405 CPC/.
$$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
H,> 6(* )7?&9*9'(* ?&7 *974+)7 67A78 '(4,) 78 3&78', .(* ')9A&8,.7* +,), +(67) 7F(87),) ,
.,* +,)'7* 4,'7)9,.7* 67 *(.939',) 7*'7 '9+( 67 47696,* *98 ., ,*9*'7839, 67 &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67.
67)73C(L
P)947)(L 2&7 *7, &):78'7< 7* 6739)< 7. *(.939',8'7 67A7)5 +.,8'7,).7 ,. B&7G ?&7 .(* +7)B&939(*
?&7 *7 .7 +&7678 (3,*9(8,) *(8 9849878'7* +() ., 8( (A'7839=8 67 ',.7* 47696,* > ?&7 +() .,
&):7839, 67. 3,*( 8( '9787 '974+( 67 3(8'),',) , &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(.
S7:&86(L 2&7 ., ,3'&,39=8 67 .,* +,)'7* 4,'7)9,.7* *7 3(8'),9:, (nicamente , C,37) .,
*(.939'&6 > *&* ,3'(* 98*')&478',.7*< +7)( 8&83, , ., 7B73&39=8 67 .,* 69.9:7839,* +)(A,'()9,*<
89 , ., 98'7)+(*939=8 67 )73&)*(*.
ART5CULO F3-4 CLASES Y MODOS DE OTORGAR EL PODER-
3- E# p%"r p$r$ p#"i'! "! (n %c(/"n' :(" !" p("%" 'r.$r $n'" "# )("7 'ri1(n$#;
/"%i$n'" c/p$r"c"nci$ $n'" "# !"cr"'$ri r"!p"c'i,; pr "!cri'(r$ p91#ic$
'r.$%$ $n'" n'$ri-
8- E# 'r.$/i"n' pr "!cri' /"%i$n'" c/p$r"c"nci$ %"1"r> r"$#i7$r!" $# /i!/
'i"/p :(" #$ pr"!"n'$ci0n %"# pri/"r "!cri' ; "n !( c$!; $n'"! %" #$ pri/"r$
$c'($ci0n; * "# p%"r !0# !"r,ir> p$r$ "!" prc"! "n '%$! !(! in!'$nci$! * r"c(r!
"n !( c$!- Sin "/1$r. n p%r> %"!i!'ir!" "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ %" #$ $cci0n
%"%(ci%$; $1!#,"r p!icin"!; r"n(nci$r %" #! r"c(r!! #! '<r/in! #".$#"!;
cnci#i$r; 'r$n!i.ir; $pr1$r cn,"ni!; p"rci1ir; !(!'i'(ir * %"#".$r !in :(" !" #"
&$*$ +$c(#'$% "?pr"!$/"n'" p$r$ "##-

=- L$ "!cri'(r$ p91#ic$ %" p%"r !" $c/p$D$r> $# pri/"r "!cri' :(" "# pr+"!in$#
%"# %"r"c& pr"!"n'" ; "n !( c$!; $# r"$#i7$r #$ pri/"r$ $c'($ci0n-
@- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# in$%/i'ir> #$ %"/$n%$ #$ cn'"!'$ci0n #$ $c'($ci0n %"#
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; !i #$ p$r'" n $cr"%i'$ "# p%"r crr"!pn%i"n'"-
Co)etario*
E. +5)),@( +)947)( 3(8'74+., ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 7. +(67) +,), +.79'(* *7 7F'9786, ,+&6
,3', ( +() 7*3)9'&), +KA.93,. P,), 7. +)947) 3,*(< *7 67A7)5 C,37) +() ., +,)'7 4,'7)9,. 78 7.
49*4( 7*3)9'( 78 ?&7 3(4+,)737 +() +)947), ;7G ,8'7 7. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,.. 7. *73)7',)9(
6,)5 @7 67. +(67) 3(8@7)96( 67 7*', 4,87),< +969D86(.7 .(* 6(3&478'(* +7)*(8,.7* , ., +,)'7
?&7 .( +)7*78'7 3(8 7. @98 67 ,*7:&),)*7 67 ?&7 7@73'9;,478'7 *7 '),', 67 ., 49*4, +7)*(8,
?&7 7*'5 3(4+,)739786(.J E*'7 +(67) 7* &8 4,86,'( 7*+73E@93( > *=.( .7 *9);7 ,. +)(@7*9(8,.
67. 67)73C( +,), ,3'&,) 78 7*7 +)(37*(< 78 '(6,* *&* 98*',839,* > 78 .(* )73&)*(* ?&7 *7
+)(4&7;,8.J P&767 ('():,)*7 ',4A9D8 78 @()4, ;7)A,. ,8'7* 67 ., 3(4+,)737839,< 67 ., +,)'7
?&7 ,K8 8( .( C,>, C73C(< , ., +)947), ,&697839, , ., ?&7 *7 .7 C,>, 39',6( > .( C,)5 ,8'7 7.
S73)7',)9( 67. J&G:,6( ( T)9A&8,. 7 9:&,.478'7 *=.( *7 78'7867)5 3(8@7)96( +,), 7*7 +)(37*(M
+() 7B74+.(< 78 7. B&939( ,A)7;9,6(< , ., ,&697839, ?&7 *7 C,>, @9B,6( +,), 3(8'7*',) .,
674,86, %,)'E3&.( 5$1. 2/.J E*', 69*+(*939=8 ., )73(:E, ., LOAT 67 1$06 78 *& ,)'E3&.( 256.J
100
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
P,), 7. *7:&86( 3,*(< 7* 6739)< 3&,86( 7. +(67) *7 ('():, +() 7*3)9'&), +KA.93, ,8'7 N(',)9(<
7*'7 +(67) *7 78'7867)5 3(8@7)96( 67 @()4, :787),.< 7* 6739)< ?&7 +(6)5 3,A7) &*( 67 D. 7.
+)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 78 3&,.?&97) '9+( 67 +)(37*( 78 ?&7 *7, +,)'7 7. ('():,8'7< , 478(*
?&7 78 ., 7*3)9'&), +KA.93, *7 69:, 7F+)7*,478'7 ?&7 7*7 +(67) *=.( 7* 3(8@7)96( +,), &8
+)(37*( 78 7*+73E@93(.J E8 7*'(* 3,*(*< 7* 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 7. ?&7 3(4+,)737
+7)*(8,.478'7 > 8( ., +,)'7 4,'7)9,.< +)7*78',86( 7. 7*3)9'( 3())7*+(86978'7 > ,3(4+,-,86(
3(8 7. ., 7*3)9'&), +KA.93, 67 +(67). E8 '(6(* .(* 3,*(*< ',. > 3(4( .( 3(8'74+.,A, 7. ,)'E3&.(
" 67. CP 78 4,'7)9, 39;9. 67 1$06< 8( *7 78'7867)58 3(8@7)96,* .,* @,3&.',67* *9:&978'7*L 1.J
67*9*'9) 78 +)947), 98*',839, 67 ., ,339=8 676&396,< 2.J ,A*(.;7) +(*939(87*< 3.J )78&839,) 67
.(* )73&)*(* ( .(* 'D)498(* .7:,.7*< 4.J 3(839.9,)< 5.J '),8*9:9)< 6.J ,+)(A,) 3(8;789(*< 7.J
+7)39A9)< *&*'9'&9) > 67.7:,) *98 ?&7 *7 .7 C,>, @,3&.',6( 7F+)7*,478'7 +,), 7..(. E* 6739) 7.
+(67) +,), +.79'(* 67A7)5 67 983.&9) &8 +(67) :787),. > (')( 7*+739,.< 78 7. *78'96( 67 +)(+9(
> 7*+73E@93(< +,), .,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7* +)7;9*',* 78 .(* ,)'* "1 > "2 CPC.
E. +5)),@( 3&,)'( 7* 3(8'&8678'7 *(A)7 ., 7*7839,.96,6 67. +(67) 67 )7+)7*78',39=8 > (A.9:, ,.
B&7G , 98,649'9) 3&,.?&97) 674,86, ( 3(8'7*',39=8 , ., 49*4, ?&7 C,>, *96( +)7*78',6, +()
&8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< *98 ,3(4+,-,) , .,* 49*4,* ., 3())7*+(86978'7 7*3)9'&), +KA.93,
67 +(67)M .( 49*4( *&3767 3(8 (')( '9+( 67 ,3'&,39(87* ?&7 )7,.937 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67.
67)73C(< .,* ?&7 *7 98,649'9)58 *9 8( *7 ,3)769', 78 7*7 4(478'( 7. +(67) 3(8 ?&7 ,3'K,<
3&,86( 8( *7 783&78')7 ,3)769',6( 78 ,&'(* 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6.
ART5CULO F8-4 OBLIGATORIEDAD DEL PODER-
3- S$#, %i!p!ici0n "?pr"!$ %"# p%"r%$n'" "# p%"r n'$ri$# !" "n'"n%"r> ."n"r$# *
$#c$n7$r> $ '%! #! prc"!! "n :(" in'"r,"n.$ "# p%"r%$n'"; inc#(i%$!; "n !(
c$!; #$! %i,"r!$! in!'$nci$! * r"c(r!!; +$c(#'$n% $# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& p$r$
r"$#i7$r ,>#i%$/"n'"; "n n/1r" %" !( p%"r%$n'"; '%! #! $c'! prc"!$#"!
c/pr"n%i%!; %" r%in$ri; "n #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %" #! prc"!!; %"!%" #! $c'!
pr"#i/in$r"! &$!'$ #$ ")"c(ci0n-
8- S" r":("rir> p%"r "!p"ci$# "n #! c$!! "n :(" $!2 # "?i)$n #$! #"*"! * p$r$ #$
r"$#i7$ci0n %" #! $c'! %" %i!p!ici0n %" #! %"r"c&! " in'"r"!"! pr'".i%! pr #$
#"*- En p$r'ic(#$r; !" pr"ci!$ p%"r "!p"ci$# p$r$ %"!i!'ir!" "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ %"
#$ $cci0n %"%(ci%$; $1!#,"r p!icin"!; r"n(nci$r %" #! r"c(r!! #! '<r/in!
#".$#"!; cnci#i$r; 'r$n!i.ir; $pr1$r cn,"ni!; p"rci1ir; !(!'i'(ir * %"#".$r-
=- E# 'r.$/i"n' %" +$c(#'$%"! "!p"ci$#"! !" ri." pr #$ />?i/$ %" #i'"r$#i%$% * n
!" pr"!(/" #$ "?i!'"nci$ %" +$c(#'$%"! "!p"ci$#"! n cn+"ri%$! "?p#2ci'$/"n'"-
Co)etarios*
L(* 3(478',)9(* ,. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.( ;,8 983.&96(* 78 .(* )7,.9G,6(* ,. ,)'E3&.( ,8'7)9()<
C,39786( D8@,*9* 78 ?&7 7. +(67) *7 78'97867 3(8@7)96( +,), '(6(* .(* ')549'7* 67. +)(37*(<
983.&>786( .(* ,3'(* +)7.9498,)7* %*9 7. +(67) *7 3(8@9)9= 78 7*7 4(478'(/ C,*', ., 7B73&39=8
67 ., *78'7839,. E. ('():,4978'( 67 .,* @,3&.',67* 7*+739,.7* 8&83, *7)58 67 ,+)739,39=8 +()
101
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)7*&839=8< >, ?&7 *7 7F9:7 ., .9'7),.96,6 67 3,6, &8, 67 7..,*. E*'7 ,)'E3&.( )7;9*'7 &8,
7*+739,. 94+()',839, 3(8 )7.,39=8 ,. ,)'E3&.( 445 CPC< ?&7 )7:&., ., ,&697839, +)7.9498,) 67.
B&939( ()698,)9( > 78 6(867 *7 7F9:7 ?&7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 )7+)7*78'7 , .,*
+,)'7*< 67A7)5 '787) 3(8@7)96,* .,* @,3&.',67* 7*+739,.7* 67 3(839.9,)< )78&839,)< ,..,8,)*7 (
'),8*9:9)< 67 .( 3(8'),)9( *7 '786)5 +() 8( 3(4+,)7396, , ., +,)'7 ?&7 8( C&A97), ('():,6(
693C,* @,3&.',67* > ?&7 8( C&A97), 3(4+,)7396( 7.., +7)*(8,.478'7 , 693C, ,&697839,. E*',
69*+(*939=8< 6)5*'93, 67*67 '(6( +&8'( 67 ;9*',< 783&78'), *& B&*'9@93,39=8 78 ?&7 7. CPC
'9787 678')( 67 *&* (AB7'9;(* +)=F94(*< 7. 8( ..7;,) ,67.,8'7 &8 +)(37*( *98 ,8'7* C,A7)
,:(',6( 7. 98'78'( 67 3(839.9,39=8.
E8 ., +)53'93, 78 ,.:&8(* ')9A&8,.7* 67)9;,6, 67 ., 98'7)+)7',39=8 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7.,
B&6939,. 7@73'9;, *7 C, 6739696( +() ,+.93,) ., 69*+(*939=8 .7:,. ?&7 +7)49'7 , .,* +,)'7* ( ,.
49*4( ')9A&8,. *&A*,8,) .(* 67@73'(* 67 +(*'&.,39=8< ('():586(.7 , ., +,)'7 7. +.,G( 67 697G
6E,* +,), ?&7 +)(376, , *&A*,8,) 7. +(67)< 3(8@9)9D86(.7* .,* @,3&.',67* ?&7 C9397),8 @,.', ,
*& ,+(67),6( > *=.( 78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 '),8*3&))97), 693C( +.,G( *98 ?&7 *7 C,>, +)(6&396( .,
*&A*,8,39=8 7* ?&7 673.,),)5 7. *(A)7*794978'( 67. +)(37*( 3&,86( *7 '),',)7 67 ., +,)'7
674,86,8'7 ( )73(8;98978'7< ( ., 673.,),39=8 67 )7A7.6E, 3&,86( *7 '),',)7 67 ., +,)'7
674,86,6,. S7 @&86,478',8 7*', +(*9A9.96,6 78 ., 69*+(*939=8 ?&7 78 CPC 7*'5 )73(:96, 78
.(* ,)'E3&.(* 44$ ,. 451 983.&*9;7.
N( (A*',8'7 7. 3)9'7)9( 67 ., *&A*,8,39=8 67A7 67 ,+.93,)*7 3(8 +(867),39=8< +()?&7 *9 *7
C,37 .( 3(8'),)9( .(* ')9A&8,.7* *7 3(8:7*'9(8,)E,8 )5+96,478'7 *9 *7 .7* 74+97G, , ('():,)
+.,G(* , .,* +,)'7* +,), *&A*,8,) 7))()7* 67 +(*'&.,39=8< +()?&7 +,*,6(* 7*(* 697G 6E,* 67.
+.,G( > *7 *&A*,8, 7. 7))()< 7. ')9A&8,. 67A7)5 *7-,.,) &8, 8&7;( 'D)498( +,), ., 3(8'98&,39=8
67 ., ,&697839, +)7.9498,) ?&7 *7 *&*+7869= +() ('():,) 7. +.,G( +,), ., *&A*,8,39=8 67 .,
+(*'&.,39=8.
ART5CULO F=-4 EMENCIONES-
3- L! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& * #! %"+"n!r"! p91#ic! :(" c/ c("rp %"
+(ncin$ri! %"1$n %"+"n%"r * r"pr"!"n'$r "n "# prc"! ci,i# $ #$ A%/ini!'r$ci0n
P91#ic$ n n"c"!i'$r>n %"# p%"r; p"r !2 %"1"r>n $cr"%i'$r !( cn%ici0n
%c(/"n'$#/"n'" $c/p$D>n%# $# pri/"r "!cri'-
8- J(i"n"! .c"n %"# 1"n"+ici %" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ n n"c"!i'$r>n 'r.$r
p%"r; !i"n% 1$!'$n'" "# %c(/"n' "n :(" cn!'" #$ %"!i.n$ci0n %" +ici; :("
%"1"r> $c/p$D$r "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& $ !( pri/"r "!cri' prc"!$#-
Co)etario*
E. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.( 3(8'9787 .(* *&+&7*'(* 78 .(* ?&7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 8( 8737*9',
,3)769',) 7. +(67) 3(8 ?&7 ,3'K,8 78 .(* +)(37*(*.J E* &8 8K47)( 37)),6( > 8( ,A97)'(M +() .(
',8'(< 78 '(6(* .(* 6745* 3,*(* *E *7 67A7 ,3)769',) 7. +(67). E*'(* 3,*(* 7F37+39(8,.7* *(8L
.(* ,+(67),6(* 67 ., ,64989*'),39=8 +KA.93,< , ?&9787* A,*',)5 +)7*78',) ,8'7 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 7.
,3&7)6( 7B73&'9;( +() 4769( 67 .(* 3&,.7* *7 .7* 8(4A), 3(4( @&839(8,)9( 67 7*7 3(83)7'(
78'7 +KA.93(< > .(* 67@78*()7* +KA.93(*< , ?&9787* A,*',)5 +)7*78',) 7. 6(3&478'( 78 6(867
3(8*'7 ., 67*9:8,39=8 67 (@939( +,), 7*7 3,*( 3(83)7'(.J P() 7*'7 K.'94( 3,*(< .(* ?&7 C,8
102
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
*96( A787@939,6(* 3(8 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9', 8( 8737*9',)58 ('():,) +(67) ,.:&8(<
A,*',)5 ?&7 *& 67@78*() ,3(4+,-7 78 7. +)947) 7*3)9'( *& 67*9:8,39=8 3(4( ',..
ART5CULO F@-4 DEBERES DEL PROFESIONAL DEL DERECHO SURGIDOS DEL
PODER-
3- Pr "# p%"r :("%$ 1#i.$% "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& $ r"$#i7$r #! $c'!
prc"!$#"! "n :(" cn!i!'$ "# prc"! pr",i!'! pr #$ #"*- C($n% $#.(n "!'(,i"r"
i/p!i1i#i'$% p$r$ "##; # c/(nic$r> in/"%i$'$/"n'" $# )(7.$% 'ri1(n$#-
8- E!p"ci$#/"n'"; :("%$r> 1#i.$% $ r"$#i7$r #! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n :(" #$ #"*
%i!pn.$; !$#, :(" "##$ /i!/$ r%"n" :(" !" pr$c'i:("n $ #$! p$r'"!
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prc"!-
@- E# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& r"ci1ir> #$! cpi$! %" #! "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! :(" #$!
%"/>! p$r'"! #" "n'r".("n-
Co)etarios*
C(4( +(674(* ;7)< 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( *7 983()+(),8 69*+(*939(87* ?&7 7. CP C9;9. 67 1$06 .,*
67B= +,), ?&7 *7 )7:&.,),8 78 ., L7> 67 O):,89G,39=8 > A')9A&39(87* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7* 67
1$06. P,)737 4&> ,37)',6( 8( (A*',8'7< ?&7 *7 C,>,8 983()+(),6( 78 7. CPC 67A96( , ?&7
.(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( *(8 +,)'E39+7* 67. +)(37*(< +()?&7 ,3'K, 3(4( )7+)7*78',8'7
+)(37*,. 67 .,* +,)'7* ',. > 3(4( .( 3(8'74+., 7. ,)'E3&.( 6 67. CPC > +() .( ',8'( *7 67A7
)7:&.,) *& 3(86&3', 78 7. 49*4( 3=69:( > 8( 67B,) ., )7:&.,39=8 +,), ., L7> O):5893, 67.
P(67) J&6939,..
T,8 +)(8'( 3(4( ,37+'7 7. +(67) 7F+)7*,478'7 ( C,:, &*( 67 D.< 7. )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.
?&76,)5 (A.9:,6( +,), 3(8 *& )7+)7*78',6( , ,3'&,) 69.9:78'7478'7 6&),8'7 ., *&*',839,39=8
67. +)(37*(. C(4( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,. 67 .,* +,)'7*< .(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 78')7 7.
B&G:,6( > .,* +,)'7* *7 +(6)58 C,37) ,. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( > *&)'9)58 7@73'(* 3(4( *9 *7
C&A97)7 C73C( +7)*(8,.478'7 , .,* +,)'7*< 7F37+'( ?&7 ., .7> ()6787 ?&7 *7 C,:,8
+7)*(8,.478'7 , 7*',*.J E*', 69*+(*939=8 7*',A, )73(:96, 78 ., LOAT 67 1$06< 3(83)7',478'7
78 7. ,)'E3&.( 257 8P 7 CPC. P7)( 78 7. CPC +(6)74(* (A*7);,) ?&7 4&3C,* ;737* *7 &*, .,
7F+)7*9=8 H+,)'7*I )7@9)9D86(*7 , .(* ,+(67),6(* +)(37*,.7* > *7 +(6)5 +)(6&39) 3(8@&*9=8
78 7*'7 *78'96(< 78 3&,8'( , ?&9D8 *7 .7 +),3'93,)5 7. ,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8< *9 , ., +,)'7
4,'7)9,. ( , *& )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.. E8 3&,8'( , ., 8('9@93,39=8 67 ., *78'7839, *E 7* 3.,)(
7. CPC ,. ()678,) ?&7 67A, C,37)*7 ,. )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.< > 78 *& 3,*(< , ., +,)'7
4,'7)9,.. P)(3767 78'7867) ?&7 ,. 6739) H78 *& 3,*(I< *7 7*'5 )7@9)9786( 78 .(* 3,*(* 67
)7A7.6E, ( 3&,86( 8( C,>, *96( 8737*,)9( ., 98'7);7839=8 67 .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C(.
E* &8, (A.9:,39=8 67. P)(@7*9(8,. 67. D7)73C( ?&7 ,3'K, 3(4( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,. 67 .,*
+,)'7*< 4,8'787) , D*',* 98@()4,6,* 78 @()4, +7)9=693,< , 47696, ?&7 ;,>, ,;,8G,86( 7.
103
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(37*(.J T(6,* .,* 3(+9,* 67 .(* 7*3)9'(* ?&7 *7 +)7*78'78 78 .(* +)(37*(*< 67A7)58 *7)
78')7:,6,* ,. )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.M ,*949*4(< *974+)7 ?&7 *7 +)7*78'78 6(3&478'(* 78 .(*
+)(37*(*< 67A7)58 9) ,3(4+,-,6(* +() 3(+9,* 67 .(* 49*4(*< .(* 3&,.7*< 9:&,.478'7 67A7)58
*7) 78')7:,6(* ,. ,+(67),6( +)(37*,. 67 ., 3(8'),+,)'7.
ART5CULO FB-4 PROFESIONAL DEL DERECHO SUSTITUTO O DELEGADO-
3- E# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& p("%" !(!'i'(ir !(! +$c(#'$%"! %"#".$r#$!; !i"/pr" :("
!" "nc("n'r" "?pr"!$/"n'" $('ri7$% p$r$ "##- L$ !(!'i'(ci0n i/p#ic$ "# c"!" %"
#$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n !in p!i1i#i%$% %" r"$!(/ir#$G #$ %"#".$ci0n +$c(#'$ $# %"#".$n'"
p$r$ r",c$r#$ * r"$!(/ir #$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n-
8- L$ $c'($ci0n %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& !(!'i'(' %"#".$% 1#i.$ $ #$ p$r'"
r"pr"!"n'$%$ %"n'r %" #! #2/i'"! %" #$! +$c(#'$%"! cn+"ri%$!-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( *&+(87 &8, 988(;,39=8 3(8 )7*+73'( ,. CP 78 4,'7)9, C9;9. 67 1$06< 78 6(867
7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< *9 7), AA(:,6(< +(6E, *&*'9'&9) 7. +(67) *=.( 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@7)E, ,
., +)(3&),39=8 78 &8 L937839,6( 78 C97839,* J&)E693,* > S(39,.7*< 78 &8 7*'&69,8'7 67
67)73C( C,A9.9',6( 3(4( P)(3&),6() ( 78 (')( 67 9:&,. 'E'&.(< )7*7);586(*7 78 ., 4,>()E, 67
.(* 3,*(* ., 69)7339=8 67. ,*&8'(< > 8( *=.( 7*(< *98( ?&7 *7 )7*7);,A, ., @,3&.',6 67 )73&+7),)
7*7 +(67).J I:&,.478'7< *=.( *9 '78E, 7F+)7*,478'7 +)(C9A96( *&*'9'&9) 7. +(67) 8( .( +(6E,
C,37). C(8 7. CPC *&3767 .( 3(8'),)9( > ., @,3&.',6 67 *&*'9'&9) 7. +(67) 67A7 *7) ('():,6,
7F+)7*,478'7< ,*E 3(4( 7F+)7*, 67A7 *7) ., @,3&.',6 67 67.7:,) .,* @,3&.',67* ('():,6,* +()
7. +(67)6,8'7.
S7 C,37 ., 69*'9839=8 78')7 .( ?&7 7* s!stit!ción 67 .( ?&7 7* delegación1 E8 ., *&*'9'&39=8
*&3767)5 ?&7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 .7 *&*'9'&>, 7. +(67) , (')(< 67B,)5 67 98'7);789)
78 7. +)(37*( 3(4( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,. 67 ., +,)'7 ('():,8'7 > *98 +(*9A9.96,6 67 ;(.;7).(
, )73&+7),). L, 67.7:,39=8 9:&,.478'7 ,+,)', 67 ., )7+)7*78',39=8 +)(37*,. ,. 67.7:,8'7< +7)(
3(8 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 )73&+7),) 7. +(67) 67.7:,6( 4769,8'7 )7;(3,39=8 7F+)7*, ,8'7 7.
')9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(37 67. 3,*(.
C(4( ., *&*'9'&39=8 > ., 67.7:,39=8 *(8 @,3&.',67* 67 7F+)7*, 47839=8 ('():,6,* +()
3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7* 4,'7)9,.7* 98'7);98978'7* 78 7. +)(37*(< D*',* ?&76,8 (A.9:,6,* +()
.,* ,3'&,39(87* 67 *&* )7+)7*78',8'7* +)(37*,.7*< 678')( 67 .(* .E49'7* 67 .,* @,3&.',67*
3(8@7)96,*M +() .( ',8'( 67A7 (+7),) 7. 3(8')(. 67 (@939( 67. B&7G< )73C,G,86( 3&,86( *7
+)7*78', &8, '),8*,339=8 > &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* 8( C, ('():,6( 7*, @,3&.',6.
ART5CULO FC-4 CESE DE LA REPRESENTACIÓN-
C"!$r> "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& "n !( r"pr"!"n'$ci0n:
3- Pr #$ r",c$ci0n "?pr"!$ '>ci'$ %"# p%"r; #(". :(" cn!'" "n "# prc"!- S"
"n'"n%"r> r",c$% '>ci'$/"n'" "# p%"r pr "# n/1r$/i"n' p!'"rir %" 'r
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& :(" !" &$*$ p"r!n$% "n "# prc"!-
104
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- Pr r"n(nci$ ,#(n'$ri$ n p%r> "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& $1$n%n$r #$
r"pr"!"n'$ci0n &$!'$ '$n' !" pr,"$ $ #$ %"!i.n$ci0n %" 'r %"n'r %"# p#$7
/>?i/ %" %i"7 K3I) %2$! cn'$%! $ p$r'ir %"# r":("ri/i"n' &"c& $# p%"r%$n'"-
Tr$n!c(rri%! <!'! !in :(" !" &$*$ %"!i.n$% n(", pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; !" #"
'"n%r> pr %"+ini'i,$/"n'" $p$r'$% %" #$ r"pr"!"n'$ci0n :(" ,"n2$ !'"n'$n%;
!i.(i"n% "# prc"! !( c(r! * r"$#i7>n%!" pr "%ic'! #$! c/(nic$cin"! :(" !"
&(1i"r"n %" pr$c'ic$r-
=- Pr +$##"ci/i"n' %"# p%"r%$n'"; "n c(* c$!; "!'$r> "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&
1#i.$% $ pn"r "# &"c& "n cnci/i"n' %"# )("7 'ri1(n$#; $cr"%i'$n% "n
+r/$ "# +$##"ci/i"n' cn #$ c"r'i+ic$ci0n %" %"+(nci0n "?'"n%i%$ pr #$ $('ri%$%
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"!'$r> $ # %i!p("!' p$r$ #$ !(c"!i0n prc"!$#-
@- Pr +$##"ci/i"n' %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; "n c(* c$! !" &$r> !$1"r $#
p%"r%$n'" #$ %"+(nci0n; $ +in %" :(" prc"%$ $ #$ %"!i.n$ci0n %" n(",
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& "n "# p#$7 />?i/ %" %i"7 K3I) %2$!- L /i!/ !" &$r>
c($n% "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& !"$ !$ncin$% cn #$ !(!p"n!i0n "n "# ")"rcici
%" #$ pr+"!i0n-
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$c' p$r$ "# :(" !" &(1i"r" 'r.$% "# p%"r-

C/"n'$ri:
C(4( +(674(* (A*7);,)< .,* 69*+(*939(87* 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7*',A,8 3(8'74+.,6,* 45* (
478(* 67 9:&,. @()4, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 261 67 ., LOAT. S7 '),', 67 )7,@9)4,) ., +,)'939+,39=8
7@73'9;, > (A.9:,'()9, 78 7. +)(37*( 67. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 3(4( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.
67 *& +(67)6,8'7< 4978'),* 8( C,>, 37*,6( 78 *& 783,):( +() ,.:&8, 67 .,* 3,&*,* ?&7 *7
78&47),8 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(. E8 ()678 , *9*'74,'9G,) 7*'7 +)737+'( +)(3767 )7,.9G,) .,*
*9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
1.J L, )7;(3,39=8 '539', (+7), 3&,86( ., +,)'7 , ?&978 )7+)7*78', .7 C,>, 3(8@7)96( +(67) ,
(')( +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< *98 ?&7 78 7*7 8&7;( +(67) *7 C,>, )7;(3,6( 7. +(67) ?&7 *7 .7
3(8@9)9= , D.. E8 7*'(* 3,*(*< 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( , ?&978 *7 .7 7*'5 )7;(3,86(
'539',478'7 7. +(67) 67 7*, @()4,< 67A7)5 *7:&9) ,3'&,86( 3(4( ',. C,*', ?&7 *7 +7)*(87 78
7. +)(37*( 7. 8&7;( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.< +,), ?&7 8( *7 +)(6&G3, 9867@78*9=8 ( *7 )7'),*7
4,.939(*,478'7 7. +)(37694978'(.
2.J L, )7;(3,39=8 7F+)7*, *7 6, 78 .(* 3,*(* 67 ('():,) 7. +(67) , (')( +)(@7*9(8,. 67.
67)73C(< 4,89@7*',86( 78 7*7 8&7;( ('():,4978'( ?&7 *7 )7;(3, 7. +(67) 3(8@7)96(
,8'7)9()478'7.J E8 7*'(* 3,*(* ?&76, .9A7),6( 7. ,8'7)9() +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 67. 67A7)
67 )7+)7*78',) 78 B&939( , *& +(67)6,8'7< 3(8 .,* 3,):,* )73(:96,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( "4 67. CPC.
3.J L, 37*,39=8 67 ., )7+)7*78',39=8 +() )78&839, ;(.&8',)9, (+7), 3&,86( 7. )7+)7*78',8'7
+)(37*,. 67 ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* )78&839, ,. +(67) 3(8@7)96( +)7*78',86( 7. 7*3)9'(
3())7*+(86978'7 ,8'7 7. B&G:,6( ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67 ., 3,&*,.J P7)( 8( *&)'9)5 7@73'( 67
105
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
984769,'(< *98( C,*', ?&7 ;78G, 7. +.,G( 67 697G 6E,* ?&7 *7 .7 3(83767)5 ,. +(67)6,8'7 +()
4769( 67 )7?&7)94978'( +,), ?&7 +)(376, , 8(4A),) 8&7;( ,+(67),6(< 7. ?&7 74+7G,)5 ,
3())7) ,. 6E, *9:&978'7 ,. 67 ?&7 *7 7@73'K7 7. )7?&7)94978'(M 4978'),* ',8'( *7:&9)5 7.
)78&839,8'7 7B7)39786( ., )7+)7*78',39=8 +)(37*,. % C,> ,.:&8(* ,&'()7* ?&7 (+98,8 ?&7 7.
+)(37*( *7 +,),.9G, C,*', ?&7 '),8*3&)),8 .(* 10 6E,* > ?&7 +() .( ',8'( 7. )78&839,8'7 8(
+&767 ,3'&,) 78 7. +)(37*(/.J T),8*3&))96( 693C( +.,G(< C5>,*7 67*9:8,6( ( 8( &8 8&7;(
,+(67),6(< *7 .7 '786)5 +() ,+,)',6( 67. 49*4(.J E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 8( *7 C,>, 67*9:8,6( ,
(')( +)(@7*9(8,.< '(6,* .,* 8('9@93,39(87*< 39',39(87* > 74+.,G,4978'(* ?&7 *7 67A,8
+),3'93,)< *7 )7,.9G,)58 +() 4769( 67 7693'(*.J E*', 69*+(*939=8 ;9787 , *7) 3(4( &8, 7*+7397
67 673.,),39=8 67 )7A7.6E,< ., ?&7 8( 7*',A, 3(8'74+.,6, 78 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(*
C9;9.7* 67 1$06 > '&;( ?&7 *7) )7:&.,6( +() &8 A&'( A3()6,6( 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67
J&*'939,.
4.J S9 @,..7397)7 7. +(67)6,8'7< 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 .( )7+)7*78'7 7*'5 78 .,
(A.9:,39=8 67 +(87).( 78 3(8(394978'( 67. ')9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(G3, 67 ., 3,&*,< ,3)769',86( 78
.7:,. @()4, 7. @,..7394978'( 3(8 ., 37)'9@93,39=8 67 67@&839=8 7F'78696, +() 7. R7:9*')(
N,39(8,. 67 .,* P7)*(8,*.J P(6)E, (3&))9) ?&7 .(* C7)767)(*< ( .7:,',)9(* 78 *& 3,*(< .7
('():&78 &8 8&7;( +(67) ,. 49*4( ,+(67),6( ?&7 '78E, 7. 3,&*,8'7M 78 7*'7 3,*( 3(8'98&,)5
7. +)(37*( *& 3&)*( 8()4,.. S9 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67 67)73C( 8( +)7*78', 7. 8&7;( +(67)< 7.
')9A&8,. .7 6,)5 7. +)(37694978'( 3(8@()47 , .( 69*+&7*'( +,), ., *&37*9=8 +)(37*,.< ?&7 >,
3(478',4(* 78 *& 4(478'(< 3(83)7',478'7 7. 7*',A.7396( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 73 67. CPC.
5.J E8 7*'(* 3,*(* ., 37*,39=8 67 ., )7+)7*78',39=8 (+7), ,&'(45'93,478'7 ',8 .&7:( 3(8*'7
78 ,&'(* 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* 6(* 39)3&8*',839,*.J E8 ,4A(* 3,*(*< 7. T)9A&8,. .7 3(83767)5 ,.
+(67)6,8'7 &8 +.,G( 45F94( 67 697G 6E,*< 3(8',6(* , +,)'9) 67. )7?&7)94978'( ,. +(67)6,8'7
+,), ?&7 +)(376, , 8(4A),) &8 8&7;( ,+(67),6(M '),8*3&))96( 693C( +.,G( *98 C,A7) C73C(
&*( 67 D.< *7:&9)5 *& 3&)*( 8()4,. 7. +)(37*(< 4,86,86( ?&7 '(6(* .(* ,3'(* 67
3(4&893,39=8 *7 C,:,8 +() 7693'(* ,. +(67)6,8'7.
6.J 198,.478'7< ',4A9D8 '7)498,)5 ., )7+)7*78',39=8 67. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(L P()
*7+,),)*7 7. +(67)6,8'7 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 ( 67 ., (+(*939=8 ?&7 C&A97)7 @()4&.,6( >< 78 '(6(
3,*(< +() C,A7) '7)498,6( 7. ,*&8'( ( C,A7)*7 )7,.9G,6( 7. ,3'( +,), 7. ?&7 *7 C&A97)7
('():,6( 7. +(67).
ART5CULO FE-4 PROFESIONAL DEL DERECHO PNICO COMPN-
3- C($n% %i,"r!$! p"r!n$! cn!'i'(*$n (n$ !#$ p$r'"; $c'($r>n cn)(n'$/"n'"
1$) #$ %ir"cci0n %" (n !# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&- Si n # &ici"r$n; "# J("7 #"!
"?i.ir> #$ $c'($ci0n c/9n * #"! r":("rir> p$r$ :(" "n (n p#$7 %" %i"7 K3I) %2$!
n/1r"n (n pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& p$r$ '%! "##!; 1$) $p"rci1i/i"n' %"
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p"r!n$/i"n' %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& 9nic-
=- L$ r",c$ci0n %"# p%"r r"n(nci$ %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& c/9n $ ,$ri$!
p"r!n$! :(" cn!'i'(*$n (n$ !#$ p$r'"; n !(r'" "+"c' /i"n'r$! n !" %"!i.n"
(n n(", * <!'" !" p"r!n" $# prc"!-
106
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
E*', 69*+(*939=8 )9:7 +,), .(* .9'9*3(8*()39(*< ',8'( ,3'9;(* 3(4( +,*9;(* > '9787 3(4(
@98,.96,6 7;9',) ., 6&+.9396,6 988737*,)9, 67 .,* 3(*',* > :,*'(* 67. +)(37*(. N( *7 C,37
69*'9839=8< 3(4( *7 C,3E, 78 ., .7> ,8'7)9()< 67. 3,*( 78 ?&7 .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 3(8*'9'&>7),8 .,
+,)'7 +,*9;, '&;97),8 7F37+39(87* 69@7)78'7* , (+(87)< >, ?&7 78 7*'7 3,*( *7 .7 +7)49'E, ,
3,6, &8, '787) *& +)(+9( )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,.. P7)( ,C(),< 3(8 ., 69*+(*939=8 67 7*'7
,)'E3&.(< '(6,* .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 3(8*'9'&>,8 ., +,)'7 ,3'9;, ( +,*9;,< 9867+786978'7478'7 ?&7
'78:,8 7F37+39(87* 69@7)78'7*< 67A7)58 ,3'&,) 3(8 &8 *(.( ,+(67),6( +)(37*,..J N( C,> ?&7
98'7)+)7',) ., (),39=8 HA,B( ., 69)7339=8I 3(4( ?&7 *7 8(4A),)5 &8 *(.( AA(:,6( 3(4(
69)73'()< +&69786( C,A7) ;,)9(* +)(3&),6()7*M *98( ?&7 *7)5 &8 *(.( P)(3&),6() 3(4K8 +,),
'(6(*< +7)( +(6)5 C,A7) ',4A9D8 &8 AA(:,6( 3(4( D9)73'().
E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 8( 8(4A),),8 , &8 49*4( +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< 7. ')9A&8,. )7*+73'9;(
693',)5 +)(;967839, ()678,86( ?&7 *7 )7?&97), , 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 3(8*'9'&>,8 7.
.9'9*3(8*()39(< +,), ?&7 678')( 67. +.,G( 67 697G 6E,* +)(376,8 , 8(4A),) , &8( *=.(< 3(8 .,
,6;7)'7839, 67 ?&7 *9 8( +)(37678 , C,37).( 678')( 67. +.,G( ('():,6(< .( 8(4A),)5 67 (@939(
7. ')9A&8,..
D7A74(* 78'7867) ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. +&767 ..,4,) 67. @()( 67 +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C(< ,
3&,.?&97), 67 7..(* ?&7 7*'D8 .7:,.478'7 C,A9.9',6(* +,), 7. 7B7)3939( 67 ., +)(@7*9=8 > 8(
7*',)5 (A.9:,6( 7. ')9A&8,. , 7*3(:7) , &8( 67 .(* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C&A97)78 8(4A),6(
+,)'93&.,)478'7. E*', ,+)739,39=8 *7 ;7 )7@()G,6, +() 7. +5)),@( *7:&86(< ?&7 7*',A.737 ?&7
., +)(;967839, 4769,8'7 ., 3&,. 7. ')9A&8,. 8(4A)7 67 (@939( ,. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( K893(
.7 *7);9)5 , D*'7 3(4( 3)767839,. 67 +7)*(8,4978'( ,. +)(37*(.
L, .=:93, B&)E693, 78 7*'(* 3,*(* 8(* 6937 ?&7 7. J&7G 8( +(6)5 ('():,) .,* @,3&.',67*
7*+739,.7* 67 ?&7 C,A., 7*'7 3,+E'&.(< >, ?&7 7*,* *=.( +&7678 ('():,).,* .,* +,)'7*< 67
4,87), ?&7 7*7 +)(@7*9(8,. 8(4A),6( 67 (@939( '786)5 K893,478'7 .,* @,3&.',67* :787),.7*
67. 4,86,'(< ,*E ?&7 8( +(6)5< 78')7 ('),*< *&*'9'&9).( ( 67.7:,).(. P() 7. 3(8'),)9(< +)(3767
3(8*967),) ?&7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( +&767 )78&839,) , 693C( +(67) > .7 +&767 *7)
)7;(3,6( +() 7. 3(8B&8'( 67 .,* +,)'7* , ?&978 7*'5 )7+)7*78',86( 67 (@939(< +7)( 4978'),* 8(
*7 C,>, +7)*(8,6( 7. 8&7;( ,+(67),6(< *7:&9)5 ,3'&,86( 78 7. +)(37*(< +&7* ., 7@73'9;96,6
67 *& )78&839, ( )7;(3,39=8 67. +(67) 3(8 ?&7 ,3'K,< 7*'5 3(86939(8,6, , ?&7 *7 +7)*(87 78
7. +)(37*( 7. 8&7;( +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(M 4978'),* ',8'( *7:&9)5 ,3'&,86( 3(4( ',..
ART5CULO FF-4 RESPONSABILIDAD DISCIPLINARIA DEL PROFESIONAL DEL
DERECHO-
Pr !(! $c'($cin"! incrr"c'$! $n'" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! "n "# %"!"/p"D %" !(!
+(ncin"! %" %"+"n!$ * r"pr"!"n'$ci0n prc"!$#; #! Pr+"!in$#"! %"# D"r"c& p("%"n
!"r crr".i%! %i!cip#in$ri$/"n'" pr #! )("c"! * pr"!i%"n'"! %" #! 'ri1(n$#"!
c/p"'"n'"!; "n #! '<r/in! * pr #$! c$(!$! "!'$1#"ci%$! pr #$! #"*"!; !in p"r)(ici %"
#$ r"!pn!$1i#i%$% ci,i#; p"n$# %" #$ %i!cip#in$ri$ c#".i$# $ :(" "!'> !/"'i%$ !(
$c'i,i%$% pr+"!in$#-
Co)etario*
107
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7*'5 E8'94,478'7 )7.,39(8,6( 3(8 7. ,)'E3&.( 6 >, 3(478',6(< ?&7 )73(:7 7.
+)9839+9( 67 .7,.',6 > A&78, @7 +)(37*,..J E*'7 49*4( ,)'E3&.( 6 @,3&.', ,. ')9A&8,. +,),
+)7;789) > *,839(8,) 67 (@939( 3&,.?&97) ,339=8 & (49*9=8 3(8'),)9,* ,. ()678 ( , .(*
+)9839+9(* 67. +)(37*(. R73C,G,)5 3&,.?&97) *(.939'&6< +7'939=8 ( ,3'( ?&7 94+.9?&7 &8,
69.,39=8 4,89@97*', ( 94+7)'9878'7 67. .9'9:9(< ( 3&,86( 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7* ( ,4A,* *7
*9);,8 67. +)(37*( +,), )7,.9G,) &8 ,3'( *94&.,6( ( +,), +7)*7:&9) &8 @98 3(8'),)9( , ., .7> >
A978 78'78696( ?&7 C,> ?&7 69@7)7839,) 3&,86( *7 78'97867 ?&7 ., 4&.', 7* 94+&7*', , .,
+,)'7 4,'7)9,. > 3&,86( 7* 94+&7*', , *& )7+)7*78'78 +)(37*,.
E. CPC 3(8'9787 78 *& ,)'93&.,6( .,* *,839(87* , ?&7 *7 +&7678 C,37) ,3)776()7* .(*
+)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C(< 3(4( +() 7B74+.(* 45* )7.7;,8'7* +(674(* 39',) .(* *9:&978'7*L
• E. ,)'E3&.( 164 @,3&.', ,. B&7G +,), 94+(87).7 &8, 4&.', 67 49. .74+9),* +() 3,6,
6E, 67 )7'),*( , .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( ?&7 )7'),*78 *98 B&*', 3,&*, ., 78')7:,
( 67;(.&39=8 67 &8 7FC()'( ?&7 *7 .7* C,>, 78')7:,6( +,), :7*'9(8,) 7. ,3'( 67
3(4&893,39=8 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7< *98 +7)B&939( 67 ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 +78,.M
• E. ,)'E3&.( 172 ?&7 3(8'74+., &8, 4&.', 3(8*967),A.7 3&,86( 7. ')9A&8,. ,6;97)',
?&7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( *(.939'= &8, 8&7;, ,&697839, 3(8 7. 5894( 67 69.,',)
7. +)(37*(
ART5CULO FH-4 COBRO DE HONORARIOS-
3- L! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& p%r>n r"c#$/$r %" !(! c#i"n'"! "# p$. %" #!
&nr$ri! :(" &(1i"r"n %","n.$% "n "# $!(n' pr #$ %"+"n!$ "+"c'($%$ * pr #$
r"pr"!"n'$ci0n prc"!$# $!(/i%$; pr"!"n'$n% /in('$ %"'$##$%$ %" #! cnc"p'!
r"c#$/$%!; #$ c($# %"1"r> !"r c$#c(#$%$ %" $c("r% $# Ar$nc"# $# cn,"ni %"
&nr$ri! r"!p"c'i,! * /$ni+"!'$n% +r/$#/"n'" :(" "!! &nr$ri! #"! !n
%"1i%! * n &$n !i% !$'i!+"c&!; "!p"ci+ic$n% "n %i,"r!! $p$r'$%! #!
cnc"p'! pr #! :(" !" r"c#$/$; "n !( c$!-
8- Pr"!"n'$%$ "!'$ r"c#$/$ci0n; !" r":("rir> $# %"(%r p$r$ :(" p$.(" %ic&$ !(/$;
cn #$! c!'$!; i/p(.n" #$ c("n'$; "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!; 1$)
$p"rci1i/i"n' %" $pr"/i !i n p$.$r" ni +r/(#$r" i/p(.n$ci0n-
=- Si; %"n'r %"# ci'$% p#$7; #! &nr$ri! !" i/p(.n$r"n pr in%"1i%!; r"!#,"r>
"# )(7.$% 'ri1(n$# cn 1$!" "n #$ %c(/"n'$ci0n $pr'$%$ +i)$n% #$ c$n'i%$%
%"1i%$; /"%i$n'" $('-
@- Si !" i/p(.n$r$n #! &nr$ri! pr "?c"!i,!; !" prc"%"r> pr",i$/"n'" $ !(
'$!$ci0n cn+r/" $ # pr",i!' "n "!'" C0%i. p$r$ #$! c!'$!; !$#, :(" "#
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& $cr"%i'" #$ "?i!'"nci$ %" Cn'r$' pr"!(p("!' pr",i pr
"!cri' $c"p'$% pr "# i/p(.n$n'" "n c(* c$!; !" %ic'$r> $(' +i)$n% #$
c$n'i%$% %"1i%$; 1$) $p"rci1i/i"n' %" $pr"/i !i n !" p$.$!" %"n'r %" #!
cinc KB) %2$! !i.(i"n'"! $ #$ n'i+ic$ci0n-
B- Si "# %"(%r %" #! &nr$ri! n +r/(#$r" p!ici0n %"n'r %"# p#$7 "!'$1#"ci%;
10"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
!" %"!p$c&$r> ")"c(ci0n pr #$ c$n'i%$% $ :(" $!ci"n%$ #$ /in('$; />! #$! c!'$!-
C- E# p$. %" #! &nr$ri! .7$r>n %" %"r"c& "!p"ci$#2!i/ * pr"+"r"n'"; !$#, "n
"# c$! %" $#i/"n'!-
C/"n'$ri!:
E8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 67A74(* C,37) &8, 7*+739,. )7@.7F9=8 78 3&,8'( , ., 69*'9839=8 78')7 .(*
69*'98'(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( ?&7 )73(8(37 ., L7> 67. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(* 3(8 .,
@,3&.',6 67 )7+)7*78',39=8 ,8'7 .(* ')9A&8,.7* > B&G:,6(* 67 ., R7+KA.93,.J E. ,)'E3&.( 11 67
693C, .7> 8(* 6937 ?&7 693C, @,3&.',6 +7)'78737 7F3.&*9;,478'7 , .(* ,A(:,6(* > L937839,6(*
78 C97839,* J&)E693,* > S(39,.7*.J P() (')( .,6(< 7. ,)'E3&.( 12 67 ., 49*4, .7> 8(* 6937 ?&7
7. 7B7)3939( 67 ., P)(3&),39=8 3())7*+(867 7F3.&*9;,478'7 , 7*'(* 49*4(* +)(@7*9(8,.7*<
+7)( ?&7 +(6)58 7B7)37) ., P)(3&),39=8 .(* +)(3&),6()7* '9'&.,6(* > .(* 7*'&69,8'7* 67 .(*
K.'94(* ,-(* 67 ., @,3&.',6 67 C97839,* J&)E693,* > S(39,.7*< ,3'&,86( A,B( ., 69)7339=8 67 &8
AA(:,6( > 3(8 ,&'()9G,39=8 67. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(*.
E. +)947) +)(A.74, ?&7 *7 +)7*78', ,?&E 7* 69.&396,) X, ?&D *7 )7@97)7 7*', .7> 3(8
HP)(3&),6()7* '9'&.,6(*IYM +()?&7 78 ., )7,.96,6 8( 7F9*'78 7*'(*< >, ?&7 898:&8,
U89;7)*96,6 C(86&)7-, 7F'97867 7*'7 'E'&.( > ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, ',4+(3( .( C,37
78 ,'7839=8 ,. ,)'E3&.( 251 67 ., L7> 67 O):,89G,39=8 > A')9A&39(87* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7*.J
T,4A9D8 67A74(* 47839(8,) ?&7 *7 C,8 +)7*78',6( 78 .(* ')9A&8,.7* 67 ., R7+KA.93,
*9'&,39(87* 9))7:&.,)7* 78 6(867 .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( 3(8 'E'&.( 67 ,A(:,6(*< *7
)7*7);,8 ., 69)7339=8 > *&*'9'&>78 ., +)(3&),39=8 78 (')( +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< '),',86( 67
7*, 4,87), 3(A),) .(* C(8(),)9(* +() &8, > ('), @&839=8< ,4+,)586(*7 ( @&86,478'586(*7
78 .,* 69*+(*939(87* 67 ., L7> 67. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(* ?&7 7*',A.737 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7
C,>, 69)7339=8 > +)(3&),39=8 78 &8 +)(37*(.J P7)( 7*, 69*+(*939=8 )7,.478'7 *=.( *&A*9*'9=
3(8 7. ;97B( ,),837. 67 .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C(< ?&7 +7)49'E, ?&7 7. AA(:,6( 3(A),), 7.
3978 +() 3978'( 67 .(* C(8(),)9(* > 7. P)(3&),6() 7. 3983&78', +() 3978'(. AC(),< 3(8 7. ,3'&,.
A),837. 8( *7 6, 7*', *9'&,39=8 > 8( +&7678 .(* ')9A&8,.7* +7)49'9) ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 C,37) 45*
(87)(*( +,), .,* +,)'7* 7. +,:( 67 .,* 3(*',*. E* +(*9A.7 ?&7 3(8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( ?&7 7*',4(*
,8,.9G,86( *&)B,8 +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( ?&7 '),'78 67 ,+)(;73C,)*7 67 .( ?&7 *7 69*+(87
78 7. +5)),@( +)947)( 67. 49*4( > 6739) ?&7 +() ., )7+)7*78',39=8 78 7. +)(37*( 3(A),)58
',8'( > +() ., 67@78*, (')( ',8'(. P7)( 8( *7)5 +(*9A.7 >, ?&7 ., )7+)7*78',39=8 +)(37*,.
94+.93, ., 67@78*, 67 *& )7+)7*78',6( *7:K8 3(4( 7*'5 +.,8'7,6( 78 7. ,3'&,. A),837.. E.
3(A)( +() ., 69)7339=8 > +() ., P)(3&),39=8 +() *7+,),6(< *=.( *7)5 +(*9A.7 *9 *7 C&A97)7
37.7A),6( 78')7 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( > ., +,)'7 &8 3(8'),'( 67 *7);939(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 78
6(867 *7 C&A97*7 +,3',6( 67 7*, 4,87),.J
E. '),',4978'( ?&7 *7 .7 C, 6,6( 78 7. CPC , ., 98'7);7839=8 67. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( 78
&8 +)(37*( *7 C,37 3(8@&*( +() .,* ),G(87* ,8'7* ,+&8',6,* > 67A78 67 )7,.9G,)*7 .,*
*9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
• E. .7:9*.,6() *7 A,*= 78 ., 3.,), 69@7)7839,39=8 ?&7 7F9*'7 78 ,.:&8(* 54A9'(* 67
67)73C( 3(4+,),6( 78')7 .( ?&7 7* 67@78*, > .( ?&7 7* )7+)7*78',39=8.
D(3')98,.478'7 , ., 67@78*, *7 .7 ..,4, D7@78*, TD3893, > 7* ., ?&7 ..7;, , 3,A( &8
AA(:,6( 67A96,478'7 3(.7:9,6(< 3(8 3(8(394978'(* 78 67)73C( *&*',8'9;( >
+)(37*,.< 7. ?&7 ,3'K, 78 B&939( > 7* 7. ?&7 ..7;, ., ;(G 78 .,* ,&697839,* ,*&49786(
10$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
., 67@78*, 67. .9'9:,8'7M 7. P)(3&),6() ..7;, ., )7+)7*78',39=8 > 8( 98'7);9787
(),.478'7 78 898:K8 4(478'( 78 .,* ,&697839,*.
• E8 C(86&),* 8( 7F9*'7 7*, 69@7)7839,39=8 > C,37 +7.9:)(*, +() .( ',8'( ., 69*+(*939=8
67. +5)),@( &8( >, 47839(8,6,< 78 3&,8'( , ?&7 *7 7*',A.737 ?&7 *7 +(6)58 )73.,4,)
7. +,:( 67 .(* C(8(),)9(* +() ., 67@78*, > +() ., )7+)7*78',39=8< 3(8 .( ?&7 67A7 67
3.,)9@93,)*7 ., 3&7*'9=8 3(8 &8, 3())73', @()4&.,39=8 67 ., 8()4,* 67 C(8(),)9(*
+)(@7*9(8,.7*.
E. +)(37694978'( +,), 7. 3(A)( 67 .(* C(8(),)9(* 7*'5 A978 67',..,6( 78 .(* +5)),@(*
*9:&978'7* 67. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.( > 8( 47)737 3(478',)9( ,.:&8( 78 7*+739,.. S=.( 3,A)E,
47839(8,) 3(8 )7*+73'( ,. +5)),@( *7F'(< ?&7 7*7 67)73C( 7*+739,.E*94( > +)7@7)78'7 67 ?&7
:(G,8 .(* C(8(),)9(*< *7 )7@97)7 78 3(83)7'( 78 3(8'), 67 *& +(67)6,8'7 > +(6)5 98;(3,).(
3(4( '7)37)E, +)7@7)78'7 78 7. +)(37*( 78 ?&7 .( )7+)7*78'= > 78 (')( +)(37*( 69*'98'(< +7)(
8( +(6)5 &*,)*7 7*'7 +)(37694978'( +,), )73.,4,) .(* C(8(),)9(* , ., 3(8'),+,)'7< 3&,86(
7*', 7* ;78396, 78 B&939( > 3(8678,6, ,. +,:( 67 .(* C(8(),)9(*< >, ?&7 78 7*'7 3,*( *7
,+.93,)5 7. +)(37694978'( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 222 ,. 227 67. CPC. A*949*4(< +)(3767
)7,.9G,) 6(* 3(8*967),39(87* @98,.7*L
1.J L(* ,&'(* 693',6(* 78 7. +)(37*( 67 )73.,4,39=8 67 C(8(),)9(* '97878 ., 3(8*967),39=8 67
'E'&.(* 67 7B73&39=8 > :(G,8 67 @&7)G, 7B73&'9;,
2.J C(8'), 7. ,&'( 67 67'7)498,39=8 67 .(* C(8(),)9(* 67A96(* ., +,)'7 (A.9:,6, +(6)5
98'7)+(87) )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 +() *7) &8 ,&'( ?&7 +(87 @98 ,. +)(37*( 7*+739,. 67
)73.,4,39=8 67 C(8(),)9(*.
CAP5TULO VIII
ASISTENCIA JUR5DICA GRATUITA
ART5CULO HI-4 REGULACIÓN-
L$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ "/i'ir> (n R".#$/"n' !1r" $cc"! .r$'(i' $ #!
0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! %" p"r!n$! cn "!c$!"7 %" in.r"!! "cn0/ic! :("; "n
%"!$rr## %" #! principi! cn!'i'(cin$#"! %" i.($#%$% * %" #i1r" $cc"! $ #$ J(!'ici$;
.$r$n'ic" :(" p("%$n !"r p$r'" %"/$n%$n'" %"/$n%$%$- En #! prc"!! "n #! :("
%"1$n in'"r,"nir; %" cn+r/i%$% cn # %i!p("!' "n #$ #"*-
Co)etario*
E*'7 67)73C( 67 ,337*( , ., J&*'939,< ?&7 3(8*'9'&>7 &8 +9.,) 98?&7A),8',A.7 67 '(6( E*',6(
67 67)73C(< '9787 ,4+.9, ,3(:96, 78 .(* T7F'(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7* > 78 ., 6(3')98, 67 .(* 45*
,.'(* T)9A&8,.7* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.7* > 67 :,),8'E,*. T(6(* .(* 4,* 94+()',8'7* Tr$'$%!
in'"rn$cin$#"! %P,3'(* 67 D7)73C(* 39;9.7* > +(.E'93(*< D73.,),39=8 U89;7)*,. 67 67)73C(*
H&4,8(* C(8;7839(87* A47)93,8, > E&)(+7, 67 D7)73C(* H&4,8(*< C,)', ,@)93,8, 67
D7)73C(* H&4,8(*< C,)', 67 D7)73C(* @&86,478',.7* 67 ., U89=8 E&)(+7,< 78 *& A)'. 47<
7'3./< )73(8(378 7. 67)73C( 67 .(* 39&6,6,8(* 67 ,337*( , ., B&*'939, 78 3(86939(87* 67
9:&,.6,6. M,* 78 3(83)7'(< +(674(* )73()6,) 7. +)(8&839,4978'( 67. 1()( IA7)(,47)93,8(
67 A337*( , ., J&*'939, 67 2" 67 (3'&A)7 67 2005< ():,89G,6( +() 7. P)(:),4, 67 .,*
N,39(87* U896,* +,), 7. D7*,))(..(< PNUD. E8 7*7 @()( *7 ,3()6= 3)7,) ., R76
110
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
IA7)(,47)93,8, 67 A337*( , ., J&*'939, ?&7 3(83.&>( 3(8 ., @9)4, 67 45* 67 57 ,3&7)6(*
78')7 78'96,67* +KA.93,* > +)9;,6,* ?&7 +7)49'9)58 ., 3((+7),39=8 > 3,+,39',39=8 3(8B&8', 78
4,'7)9, 67 ,*9*'7839, B&)E693,. P() *& +,)'7< ., C()'7 I8'7),47)93,8, 67 D7)73C(* H&4,8(*
% CIDH/ C, *(*'7896( ?&7 G La parte /inal del art. 5.5 de la Convención Americana sobre
Derec"os ;!manos, pro"0be discriminar por s! posición económica y !e *...) en tal
sentido el art. 8: de la Convención debe ser interpretado de !e si !na persona b!sca la
protección de la ley para "acer valer s!s derec"os, enc!entra !e tal posición económica le
impide "acerlo, !eda discriminado, lo !e s0 constit!ye !na violación a la Convención3
A6745*< C, 7F+&7*'( &8, O+989=8 C(8*&.'9;, 98693,86( ?&7 7. ,)'. " ,. C,A.,) 67 :,),8'E,*
4E894,*< *9 A978 78 +)9839+9( *7 )7@97)7 , .(* +)(37*(* +78,.7*< ',.7* :,),8'E,* *7 ,+.93,8
',4A9D8 , .(* =)6787* 39;9.7*< .,A(),.7*< @9*3,.7* ( 67 3&,.?&97) (')( 3,)53'7) 67 ., B&*'939,.
I:&,.478'7< .,* 69*'98',* )7&89(87* 67 M989*')(* 67 J&*'939, ( 67 P)(3&),6()7* G787),.7*
,&*+939,6,* +() ., OEA 67*67 1$$7< 78 B&78(* A9)7*< > 67*+&D* 78 S,8'9,:( 67 CC9.7< 78
L94, ( 78 S,8 J(*D 67 C(*', R93,< *974+)7 C,8 3(8*967),6( 8737*,)9( 3(8'98&,) 7. +)(37*(
67 @()',.7394978'( 67 .(* *9*'74,* B&)E693(* 67 .,* A4D)93,*< 3(8 7. @98 67 ,*7:&),) 7. +.78(
,337*( 67 .,* +7)*(8,* , ., B&*'939,< 67 :,),8'9G,) ., 9867+7867839, 67 .(* B&737* > ., 7@93,39, 67
.(* +)(3&),6()7* ( @9*3,.7*< > 67*',3,86( ., 8737*96,6 67 +)(4(;7) 7. 7*',A.7394978'( 67
*9*'74,* 67 )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 > 67 '),8*+,)7839,< ,*E 3(4( ., 8737*96,6 67 4(67)89G,39=8 67 .,*
98*'9'&39(87* > 67 ., B&*'939,< 67*67 =+'93,* 4&.'969*39+.98,)9,*< 8( )7.7:,86( 7*,* )7@()4,* *=.(
, ,*+73'(* 47),478'7 8()4,'9;(*< 78 7. 78'78694978'( 67 ?&7 ., ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939, *7
C, 3(8;7)'96( 78 '74, 67 ,.'E*94, +)9()96,6.
L(* E*',6(*< , *& ;7G< +(*778 8()4,'9;,* 7*+73E@93,* 78 *&* Cn!'i'(cin"! N$cin$#"! ?&7
67 &8, & ('), 4,87), :,),8'9G,8 7. ,337*( , ., B&*'939, ( ., 9:&,.6,6 ,8'7 ., .7>. L, R7+KA.93,
A):78'98, 78 *& A)'. 16< B),*9. ,)'. 5< CC9.7 ,)'. 1$ 983. 2< C(*', R93, A)'. 33< E3&,6() A)'. 23
983. 3< P7)K ,)'. 2 I83. 2< N93,),:&, A)'. 27< G&,'74,., A)'. 6< > P,8,45 ,)'. 20. E8
+,)'93&.,)< 7. A)'. 1 67 ., Cn!'i'(ci0n P#2'ic$ %" Hn%(r$! )73(8(37 *& 3(8@9:&),39=8
3(4( &8 E*',6( 67 67)73C(< 6(867 *7 )73(8(37 , .(* 39&6,6,8(* 7. :(37 67 ., B&*'939,< >
,*949*4( 673.,), ., 9:&,.6,6 67 '(6(* .(* 39&6,6,8(* ,8'7 ., .7> %A)'. 60/ > 7. 67)73C( 67
67@78*, > 67 .9A)7 ,337*( , .(* T)9A&8,.7* %A)'. "2/.
E. 39&6,6,8( '9787 67)73C( , *7) ,*7*(),6( > 67@78696( :),'&9',478'7 +() &8 AA(:,6(
*&@93978'7478'7 3&,.9@93,6( > , *7) )7+)7*78',6( +() &8 P)(3&),6() 3&,86( '78:, .7:,.478'7
67)73C( , ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9',. L(* C(.7:9(* )7*+73'9;(* ;7.,)58 +() 7. 3())73'(
67*,))(..( 67 *& @&839=8 +() +,)'7 67. +)(@7*9(8,. 67*9:8,6(. E. 39&6,6,8( '9787 67)73C( ,
7F9:9) &8, @()4,39=8 67 3,.96,6 ,. +)(@7*9(8,. 67*9:8,6( +() 7. '&)8( 67 (@939( 78 .(*
*&+&7*'(* 67 ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9',. L(* C(.7:9(* 67 AA(:,6(* ,6(+',)58 .,* 47696,*
,673&,6,* +,), ,*7:&),) 7. 3&4+.94978'( 67 7*'7 67)73C(.
E8 H(86&),*< 8( (A*',8'7 ?&7 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, 7*',A.737 ?&7 ., B&*'939, *7
,64989*'),)5 :),'&9',478'7 78 8(4A)7 67. E*',6(< 8( '(6(* .(* :,*'(* *(8 ,*&496(* 3(8
@(86(* +KA.93(*. E* 397)'( ?&7 .(* *&7.6(* > *,.,)9(* ?&7 67;78:,8 .(* 74+.7,6(* >
@&839(8,)9(* B&6939,.7*< ,6745* 67 .(* ,&F9.9,)7* (@939,.7*< ',.7* 3(4( .(* +7)9'(* 8(4A),6(*
67 (@939( +,), *& 98'7);7839=8 78 .(* +)(37*(* 78'),8 678')( 67 .(* :,*'(* ,*&496(* +() 7.
7*',6(< ,6745* 67 ., +,+7.7)E,< &*( 67 4,?&98,)9,* 7'3.M C,> :,*'(* 3(4( 7. 67 .,* 39',39(87*<
74+.,G,4978'(* > )7?&7)94978'(*< 47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* ?&7 94+.93,8 *7) +,:,6(* +() .,*
+,)'7*.J P7)( 7. :),8 3(*'7 ?&7 67A78 ,*&49) .(* +,)'93&.,)7* 67)9;, 67. +,:( 67 .(*
111
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C(8(),)9(* , .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( > 7. 67 .(* +7)9'(* +)9;,6(*< ?&7 +() .( :787),. *(8
A,*',8'7 7.7;,6(* +,), ., :787),.96,6 67 ., +(A.,39=8 C(86&)7-,. D7 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 7*'(*
:,*'(* 7* ?&7 8,37 ., 967, 67 ?&7 7*', *9'&,39=8 ;9787 , *7) &8, .949',39=8 67. 67)73C( 67
,337*( , ., B&*'939,.J E* +() 7*', ),G=8 ?&7 7. L7:9*.,6() 983.&>= 78 7. CPC ., +(*9A9.96,6 67
., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9', , '(6,* ,?&7..,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 ?&97),8 )73.,4,) *&* 67)73C(*
*&AB7'9;(* +,), ., 67@78*, 67 &8, ,339=8 3(83)7', 98'7)+&7*', 78 3(8'), 67 7..,*. A6745*< *7
983.&>7 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 @,39.9',).7* , .,* +7)*(8,* 7. +(67) 78',A.,) &8, 674,86, 3(8 .,
,*9*'7839, :),'&9', 67 +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C(M 983(,) &8, 674,86, *9:89@93, ',4A9D8
67@7867) *&* 67)73C(* > 8( *=.( 3(8'7*',) , &8, 674,86,.
L, C(8*'9'&39=8 67 H(86&),*< 78 *& ,)'. 52 7*',A.737 ?&7 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 7* 98;9(.,A.7
> 7. ,)'. "3 ()678, ,. E*',6( 8(4A),) P)(3&),6()7* +,), ., 67@78*, 67 .(* +(A)7* > +,), ?&7
;7.7 +() .,* +7)*(8,* 7 98'7)7*7* 67 .(* 478()7* 7 983,+,37*< 6,86( , 7..(* ,*9*'7839, .7:,. >
)7+)7*78',).(* B&6939,.478'7 78 ., 67@78*, 67 *& .9A7)',6 9869;96&,. > 6745* 67)73C(*.
ART5CULO H3-4 DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA GRATUITA-
3- L$! p"r!n$! :(" %"1$n !"r p$r'" "n (n prc"! ci,i# $n'" #! 0r.$n!
)(ri!%iccin$#"! n$cin$#"!; "n c($#:(i"r$ %" !(! in!'$nci$! "n "# r"c(r! %"
c$!$ci0n; .7$r>n %"# 1"n"+ici %" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ !i"/pr" :("
$cr"%i'"n c(/p#ir #! r":(i!i'! "!'$1#"ci%! "n "# $r'2c(# !i.(i"n'"-
8- L$ !#ici'(% p%r> pr"!"n'$r!" pr",i$/"n'" $ #$ %"/$n%$; cn #$ %"/$n%$
cn'"!'$ci0n; "n c($#:(i"r //"n' p!'"rir "?i!'i"n% c$(!$ )(!'i+ic$%$-
ART5CULO H8-4 REJUISITOS-
3- L! !#ici'$n'"! %"1"r>n r"(nir #! r":(i!i'! !i.(i"n'"! p$r$ 1'"n"r "# 1"n"+ici
%" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$:
$) Li'i.$r pr %"r"c&! prpi!G n 1!'$n'"; pr #! inc$p$c"! $c'($r>n #!
r"pr"!"n'$n'"! #".$#"!- S" %"n".$r> "n '% c$! "# 1"n"+ici; cn i/p!ici0n %"
c!'$!; c($n% !" 1!"r," :(" !" &$ 'r$'$% %" (n$ c"!i0n +r$(%(#"n'$ %" %"r"c&!-

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P91#ic$-
8- L$! circ(n!'$nci$! :(" "# J("7 Tri1(n$# %"1" '"n"r pr"!"n'"! p$r$ 'r.$r
%"n".$r "# $(?i#i %" p1r"7$; * !1r" #$! c($#"! r"c$"r> #$ pr("1$; !n: E#
p$'ri/ni %"# !#ici'$n'"; !( pr+"!i0n in%(!'ri$; !(! r"n'$!; !(! %"(%$!; #$!
c$r.$! p"r!n$#"! %" +$/i#i$ :(" #" .r$,$r"n; !(! $p'i'(%"! in'"#"c'($#"! +2!ic$!
p$r$ .$n$r #$ !(1!i!'"nci$; * c($#"!:(i"r$ 'r$! :(" "# J("7 Tri1(n$# cr"$
cn,"ni"n'" $,"ri.($r p$r$ +r/$r!" )(ici !1r" "# +(n%$/"n' %"# 1"n"+ici :("
!" #" pi%"-
112
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- E# 1"n"+ici !" "?'i"n%" $ '%! #! 'r>/i'"!; inci%"nci$! " in!'$nci$! %"# prc"!
ci,i# p$r$ "# :(" !" !#ici'"; inc#(i%$ #$ ")"c(ci0n; p"r n p%r> $p#ic$r!" $ (n
prc"! %i!'in'-
Co)etario*
S7 +)7;D ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9', ,.3,837 , .,* 6(* 98*',839,*
983.&>786( , ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, 3&,86( 3(8(G3, 78 7. )73&)*( 7F'),()698,)9( 67
3,*,39=8. L, *(.939'&6 +&767 C,37)*7 983.&*( ,8'7* 67 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86,< 3(8 .,
98'7)+(*939=8 67 ., 49*4, ( 78 *& 3(8'7*',39=8 > )73(8;7839=8 78 *& 3,*( ( 78 3&,.?&97)
4(478'( 67. +)(37*(< *974+)7 > 3&,86( *7 ,.7:&7 B&*', 3,&*,.J
N( '(6,* .,* +7)*(8,* '97878 67)73C( , 693C( A787@939( 7*',',.< K893,478'7 .,* ?&7 ..7878 .(*
)7?&9*9'(* ?&7 *7 )73(:78 78 7. ,)'E3&.( $2 CPC. C(4( *7 +&767 (A*7);,)< *(.,478'7 *7
7F9:9)58 6(* )7?&9*9'(*< ?&7 *(8 .(* *9:&978'7*L 1.J 2&7 ?&978 ., *(.939'7 ;,>, , .9'9:,) +()
67)73C( +)(+9(< 7F37+'&,86( .(* ?&7 ,3'K78 78 )7+)7*78',39=8 .7:,. 67 .(* 983,+,37* > 2.J
2&7 ., +)7'78*9=8 7*'D @&86,6, 78 67)73C(< .( *7 ?&7 67'7)498,)5 +() ., D7@78*, PKA.93,.
N='7*7 ?&7 *7 C,A., 67 +)7'78*9=8 @&86,6, 78 67)73C( > .9'9:,) 78 67)73C(* +)(+9(*M 7* 6739)<
?&7 7*'(* )7?&9*9'(* *7 7F9:78 *(.,478'7 +,), 7. ?&7 +)7'786, ?&7 *7 .7 ('():&7 7. A787@939(
67 +(A)7G, 3&,86( ;, , +)7*78',) &8, 674,86, > ,6745* *7 '(4,)58 78 3&78', .,*
39)3&8*',839,* 67 ?&7 C,A., 7. 7+E:),@7 *7:&86( )7@7)78'7 , ., 3,+,396,6 73(8=493, 67.
*(.939',8'7.
E. +)947) )7?&9*9'( 67A7 *7) ,8,.9G,6( 983.&*( +() 7. B&7G< +7)( 7. *7:&86( *7)5 (A.9:,39=8 67
., 67@78*, +KA.93, 7. 67'7)498,) *9 7F9*'7 ( 8(. E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 &8, +7)*(8, +96, 7.
A787@939( 67 +(A)7G, +,), 67@7867)*7 67 &8, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 *7 .7 '),', 67 676&39)< 7* 6739)<
3&,86( .( +96, 7. ?&7 7* 674,86,6(< 7. J&7G *(.,478'7 67A7)5 '787) 78 3&78', .,*
39)3&8*',839,* ?&7 3(8'74+., 7. +5)),@( *7:&86( 67 693C( ,)'E3&.(. N( .7 3())7*+(867 , .,
67@78*, +KA.93, 67'7)498,) 7*'7 ,*&8'(< >, ?&7 7. 674,86,6( 8( 7*'5 *(.939',86( &8,
+)7'78*9=8< *98( ?&7 +)7'7867< ;,.:, ., )76&86,839,< )7*9*'9)*7 , ., +)7'78*9=8.
C&,86( ., .7> 7*',A.737 ?&7 *7, ., D7@78*, PKA.93, ., ?&7 67'7)4987 *9 ., +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 *7
+)7'7867 7B7)39',) 7*'5 ( 8( @&86,6, 78 67)73C(< 7* (A.9:,39=8 67 7*', 98*'9'&39=8 67'7)498,)
983.&*( *9 ., +7)*(8, 7*'5 ( 8( .7:9'94,6, +,), 7F9:9) ., '&'7., 67 *&* 67)73C(* *&AB7'9;(*.
ART5CULO H=-4 CONTENIDO DEL BENEFICIO-
E# %"r"c& $ #$ $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ c/pr"n%" #$! pr"!'$cin"! !i.(i"n'"!; c(*
cn'"ni% "?$c' !"r> %"!$rr##$% r".#$/"n'$ri$/"n'":
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p%r> cnc"%"r!" pr,i!in$#/"n'" &$!'$ :(" !" %"ci%$ "n %"+ini'i,$-
=- In!"rci0n .r$'(i'$ %" $n(nci! "%ic'!; "n "# c(r! %"# prc"!; :(" %"1$n
p(1#ic$r!" pr"c"p'i,$/"n'" "n p"ri0%ic! %" /$*r circ(#$ci0n; :(" "n !( c$!
!"r>n p$.$%! pr "# P%"r J(%ici$#-
113
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- A!i!'"nci$ p"rici$# .r$'(i'$ "n "# prc"! $ c$r. %"# p"r!n$# '<cnic $%!cri' $ #!
0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"!; ; "n !( %"+"c'; $ c$r. %" +(ncin$ri!; r.$ni!/!
!"r,ici! '<cnic! %"p"n%i"n'"! %" #$ A%/ini!'r$ci0n P91#ic$-
B- L! .$!'! %" 'r$!#$% :(" %"1$n p$.$r!" $ #! '"!'i.! :(" %"c#$r"n $ in!'$nci$ %"#
1"n"+ici$ri %" #$ $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$-
C- O1'"nci0n .r$'(i'$ %" cpi$!; '"!'i/ni!; in!'r(/"n'! * $c'$! n'$ri$#"!-
E- E?"ncin"! %" %"r"c&! $r$nc"#$ri! n'$ri$#"! * r".2!'r$#"!-
Co)etario*
E. L7:9*.,6() C, 67B,6( ?&7 *7, &8 )7:.,478'( 7. ?&7 @9B7 78 67@989'9;, 7. ,.3,837 67 .(*
A787@939(* ?&7 78 7. CPC *7 3(8'74+.,8. L, C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, *7)5 ., 783,):,6, 67
7.,A(),).( 3(8@()47 .( 7*'9+&., 7. ,)'E3&.( 21$ CPC. C&,.?&97) +7)*(8, '786)5 67)73C( ,
,3&69) , ., D7@78*, PKA.93, +,), +769) ,*7*(),4978'( > ()978',39=8 78 ()678 , +(67) C,37)
;,.7) *&* 67)73C(* *&AB7'9;(* ,8'7 .(* =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 39;9.7*. E* 78 7*7 4(478'(
3&,86( *7 ,8,.9G,)5 +() +,)'7 67 ., D7@78*, PKA.93, *9 7*', +7)*(8, ..78, .(* )7?&9*9'(* ?&7
,8'7)9()478'7 ,8,.9G,4(*. P&767 +7)@73',478'7 ., 67@78*, +KA.93, )73(4786,) ?&7 *7 ,:('7
7. ')549'7 67 ., 3(839.9,39=8< *9 @&7)7 7. ,*&8'( 4,'7)9, *&*37+'9A.7 67 693C, @9:&),< *&:9)9786(
?&7 *7 ,3&6, 78 +)947) .&:,)< ,8'7* 67 98939,) &8 +)(37*(< , &8 B&G:,6( 67 P,G +,), ?&7 *7,
D*'7 7. =):,8( 783,):,6( 67 '),',) 67 .(:),).,.J
L, D7@78*, PKA.93, 7*'5 78 ., (A.9:,39=8 67 +)(+()39(8,) ,. B&*'939,A.7 &8 +)(@7*9(8,. 67.
67)73C( +,), ?&7 ,*&4, *& )7+)7*78',39=8 +)(37*,. > ., 67@78*, 67 *&* 67)73C(* ,8'7 .(*
=):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7*.
S7 C, 3(478',6(< > C, *96( (AB7'( 67 8&47)(*(* 67A,'7* 78 (')(* +,E*7* 3(8 .7:9*.,39(87*
*949.,)7* , ., C(86&)7-,< 7. C73C( 67 ?&7 8( A,*', +)(+()39(8,) , .(* 39&6,6,8(* &8 67@78*()
+KA.93(< *98( ?&7< *9 )7,.478'7 *7 .7* :,),8'9G, , D*'(* 7. .9A)7 ,337*( , .(* ')9A&8,.7* +,),
.(:),) ., '&'7., 7@73'9;, 67 *&* 67)73C(*< .(* 67@78*()7* +KA.93(* 67A78 *7) +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67.
67)73C( 67A96,478'7 3,+,39',6(*. E. E*',6( 7*'5 78 ., (A.9:,39=8 67 6,).7 *7:&94978'( , .,
.,A() ?&7 )7,.937 ., D7@78*, PKA.93,< 3)7,86(< ,6745*< 473,89*4(* ?&7 +7)49',8 .,
*7.7339=8 67. +7)*(8,. ?&7 ., ;, , 98'7:),). S7 3(8'74+., ., +(*9A9.96,6 ?&7 4978'),* *7
)7*&7.;, 78 67@989'9;, *9 7. B&*'939,A.7 *7 C,37 ,3)776() 67 :(G,) 67 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693,
:),'&9',< *7 .7 8(4A)7 +)(;9*9(8,.478'7 &8( +,), ?&7 .( )7+)7*78'7 > 67@78*, *&* 98'7)7*7*.
E8 '(6( 3,*( 7. 54A9'( 45* )7.7;,8'7 67 ., ,*9*'7839, :),'&9', *7 4,89@97*', 78 6(* ,*+73'(*
7*7839,.7*L
• C&,86( 7. ')9A&8,. ()6787 ?&7 *7 +&A.9?&78 ,8&839(* ( 7693'(* ?&7 67A,8 *7)
*,'9*@73C(* +() 7. ?&7 C,>, *96( A787@939,6( 3(8 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9',< .,
C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, *7)5 ., 783,):,6, 67 *&@),:,) .(* :,*'(* 78 ?&7 *7 983&)),.
• S7 .7 +)(+()39(8,)5 ,. B&*'939,A.7< 3&,86( .( *(.939', > *7, 8737*,)9( +,), ,+()',)
3(4( 7.7478'( +)(A,'()9(< .(* +7)9'(* ?&7 *7,8 8737*,)9(* > *7 7*3(:7)5 78')7 7.
+7)*(8,. 'D3893( 67. P(67) J&6939,.< 67. M989*'7)9( PKA.93( & ('), I8*'9'&39=8 67 .,
A64989*'),39=8 PKA.93,. E. +7)9',B7 ?&7 )986,8 7*',* +7)*(8,* A,B( 7*',*
114
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
39)3&8*',839,* 8( 3(8*'9'&9)58 693'54787* (@939,.7*< *98( ?&7 +7)9',B7* +)9;,6(*< 3(8
7. ;,.() +)(A,'()9( ?&7 *7 .7* 6, , D*'(*< , 478(* ?&7 .( C,>,8 *(.939',6( ,. T)9A&8,.
78 7. '),8*3&)*( 67. +)(37*(< 3(8@()47 , .( *7-,.,6( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 315 CPC
• I:&,.478'7 .(* )7:9*'),6()7* 67 ., +)(+976,6 7*',)58 (A.9:,6(* , +)(+()39(8,) .,*
37)'9@93,39(87*< 3(8*',839,* ?&7 @&7)78 *(.939',6,* +() 7. A787@939,6(< ,*E 3(4( ,
)7:9*'),).7 3&,.?&97) 98*')&478'( ?&7 *7 .7 ('():,), 3(8 4('9;( 67 ., 7B73&39=8 67 .,
*78'7839, ?&7 )73,>7)7 , *& @,;()< '(6( 67 @()4, :),'&9',.
E8 3&,8'( , .(* 6745* A787@939(* ('():,6(*< 7*'5 3.,)( ?&7 7. R7:.,478'( ?&7 *7 3)7,)5 +,),
',. 7@73'(< 67A7)5 7*+739@93,) 3=4( *7 '),*.,6,)58 .(* '7*'9:(* ?&7 ;,8 , 673.,),) , @,;() 67.
A787@939,6( 3(8 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9', ( 67 ?&7 @()4, *7 +,:,)5 7. '),8*+()'7 67 .(*
49*4(*.
L(* S73)7',)9(* 67 .(* ')9A&8,.7*< 78 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* 98*',839,* ( 78 ., *&*'78',39=8 67 .(*
)73&)*(* 7F'),()698,)9(* 78 6(867 *7 '),49', 7. +)(37*( 78 3(83)7'(< 7*'58 78 ., (A.9:,39=8 67
+)(+()39(8,) :),'&9',478'7 ,. A787@939,6(< '(6,* .,* 3(+9,* > 37)'9@93,39(87* ?&7 .7* *(.939'7
D. 49*4( ( *& )7+)7*78',8'7 +)(37*,..J A*949*4(< ., 49*4, (A.9:,39=8 '786)58 .(* 8(',)9(*
67 78')7:,).7 :),'&9',478'7 .(* '7*'94(89(* 67 .(* 98*')&478'(* ?&7 7*'D8 )7.,39(8,6(* 3(8 7.
+)(37*( 78 ?&7 *7, +,)'7 7. A787@939,6(< ,*E 3(4( ',4A9D8 7. .7;,8',4978'( 67 ,3',*
8(',)9,.7*.J E8 3&,8'( , 7*', K.'94, 69*+(*939=8< 8( (A*',8'7 67 ?&7 *7 3(8'74+., ., :),'&96,6
67 .(* *7);939(* 8(',)9,.7* 78 7*7 *78'96(< *7:&),478'7 78 7. R7:.,478'( ?&7 749'9)5 ., C()'7
S&+)74, *7 7*',A.737)5 ?&7 *7)5 7*', ., ?&7 *&@),:,)5 693C(* :,*'(*< >, ?&7 7F9*'7 7.
+)9839+9( 3(8*'9'&39(8,. 67 ?&7 8,697 7*'5 (A.9:,6( , +)7*',) &8 '),A,B( 67 @()4, :),'&9',.
N( :(G,8 67. A787@939(< +,), 7. 3,*( 67 *7) ;78396(* 78 B&939(< 67 ., 7F7839=8 ,. +,:( 67 .,*
3(*',* 78 ?&7 C,>, 983&))96( ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,< 983.&>786( +() *&+&7*'( 7. +,:( 67 .(*
C(8(),)9(* 67. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C( ?&7 C,>, )7+)7*78',6( , ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,< 3&,86(
@&7)78 3(8678,6(* .(* A787@939,6(* ,. +,:( 67 .,* 3(*',*< *7:K8 7. ,)'E3&.( 21$ CPC.
C)774(* ?&7 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 8( +(6)5 983.&9) 78 7. R7:.,478'( ?&7 *7 3)77 +,), ',. 7@73'(<
7F37+39(87* 78 7*'7 *78'96(< >, ?&7 7. A787@939,6( +&6( C,A7)*7 ,A*'7896( 67 +)7*78',) .,
674,86, ( 78 *& 3,*(< C,A7)*7 ,..,8,6( , .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67 ., 3(8'),+,)'7< *9786( +() .(
',8'( +)(37678'7 ?&7 '78:, ?&7 +,:,) .,* 3(*',*< *9 '&;97)7 A9787* *(A)7;7896(* 6&),8'7 .,
*&*',839,39=8 67. B&939(.
ART5CULO H@-4 PROCEDIMIENTO-
3- L$ !#ici'(% %" r"cnci/i"n' %"# %"r"c& $ #$ $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ n
!(!p"n%"r> "# c(r! %"# prc"!; * !" 'r$/i'$r> pr #$! %i!p!icin"! pr",i!'$! "n
"!'" C0%i. p$r$ "# prc"! $1r",i$%-
8- A +in %" ",i'$r :(" "# 'r$n!c(r! %" #! p#$7! p("%$ pr,c$r #$ pr"c#(!i0n %" (n
'r>/i'" #$ in%"+"n!i0n %" c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"!; "# J("7 Tri1(n$#; %" +ici
$ p"'ici0n %" <!'$!; p%r> %"cr"'$r #$ !(!p"n!i0n &$!'$ :(" !" pr%(7c$ #$ %"ci!i0n
!1r" "# r"cnci/i"n' #$ %"n".$ci0n %"# %"r"c& $ #i'i.$r .r$'(i'$/"n'"; #$
%"!i.n$ci0n pr,i!in$# %"# %"+"n!r p91#ic !i !( in'"r,"nci0n +("r$ pr"c"p'i,$
r":("ri%$ "n in'"r<! %" #$ )(!'ici$-
115
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- C($n% #$ pr"!"n'$ci0n %" #$ !#ici'(% %" r"cnci/i"n' %"# %"r"c& $ #$
$!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$ !" r"$#ic" $n'"! %" inici$r "# prc"! * #$ pr"'"n!i0n
p("%$ r"!(#'$r p"r)(%ic$%$ pr "# 'r$n!c(r! %" #! p#$7! %" pr"!cripci0n;
:("%$r> <!'$ in'"rr(/pi%$ !i"/pr" :(" %"n'r %" #! p#$7! "!'$1#"ci%! "n "!'"
C0%i. n !"$ p!i1#" n/1r$r $# !#ici'$n'" %"+"n!r p91#ic-
Co)etario*
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( 7*',A.737 7. +)(37694978'( +,), (A'787) 7. )73(8(394978'( 67 ., ,*9*'7839,
B&)E693, :),'&9',. D,6( ?&7 8( *7 *&*+7867 7. +)(37694978'(< .( ?&7 *9:89@93, ?&7 ., *(.939'&6
67A7)5 '),49',)*7 78 +97G, *7+,),6, > &*,86( 7. +)(37694978'( 67. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(. H,>
6(* 3(8*73&7839,* 4&> 94+()',8'7* ?&7 +)(3767 )7*,.',) *(A)7 *& '),49',39=8 +)(37*,.L
1.J E. ')9A&8,. '9787 ., @,3&.',6 67 673)7',) ., *&*+78*9=8 67. +)(37*( +)9839+,. C,*', ?&7 *7
+)(6&G3, ., )7*(.&39=8 *9 *7 ('():, ( 8( 7. A787@939(< 3&,86( 3(8*967)7 ?&7 *7 +&76, +)(6&39)
., +)73.&*9=8 67 &8 ')549'7 +() 7. ;78394978'( 67 &8 +.,G(< ( 3&,86( *7 +&76, +)(6&39)
9867@78*9=8 +,), 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*< +7)( ',4A9D8 +&767 (+',) 7. T)9A&8,.< 67 67*9:8,).7
&8 67@78*() +)(;9*9(8,.478'7 3&,86( @&7)7 8737*,)9(.
2.J L, +)7*3)9+39=8 67 ., ,339=8 ?&76,)5 98'7))&4+96, *974+)7 ?&7 678')( 67 .(* +.,G(*
7*',A.7396(* 78 7*'7 C=69:( 8( *7, +(*9A.7 8(4A),) ,. *(.939',8'7 67@78*() +KA.93(< *974+)7 >
3&,86( ,8'7* 67 983(,) &8, 674,86, *7 *(.939'7 7. A787@939( 67 ., ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9',
TITULO CUARTO
ACUMULACIÓN
E. TE'&.( 3&,)'( 67. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC )7:&., .,* 69*+(*939(87* )7.,'9;,* , .,*
,3&4&.,39(87*< ',8'( 67 +)7'78*9(87* 3(4( 67 +)(37*(* > 7*'58 98*7)',* 67*67 7. ,)'E3&.( $5
,. 114 983.&*9;7.J S7+,),6,478'7< ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87* 7*'5 )7:&.,6, 78 .(*
,)'E3&.(* 67. $6 ,. $$ 983.&*9;7 > ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* 7*'5 )7:&.,6, 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(*
67. 100 ,. 114 983.&*9;7. E. ,)'E3&.( $5 3(8'9787 )7:.,* :787),.7* +,), ,4A(* '9+(* 67
,3&4&.,39=8.
ART5CULO HB-4 ADMISIBILIDAD GENERAL Y CLASES-
3- C/ r".#$ ."n"r$#; !"r>n $%/i!i1#"! '$n' #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"! c/
#$ %" prc"!!; !i"/pr" :(" '$n' %"!%" "# p(n' %" ,i!'$ 1)"'i, c/ !(1)"'i, !"
c(/p#$n #! r":(i!i'! "!p"ci+ic$%! "n #! $r'2c(#! !i.(i"n'"!-
8- A%/i'i<n%!" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!; '%$! "##$! !" 'r$/i'$r>n "n (n
9nic prc"%i/i"n' * !" r"!#,"r>n "n (n$ 9nic$ !"n'"nci$; :(" cn'"n%r> #!
crr"!pn%i"n'"! prn(nci$/i"n'! !"p$r$%$/"n'"-
=- L /i!/ !(c"%"r> !i"n% prc"%"n'" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!!-
116
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
P,), ,649'9) ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87* > ., 67 +)(37*(*< 7* 8737*,)9( 3&4+.9) 3(8 .(*
)7?&9*9'(* ?&7 *7 7F9:78 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* *9:&978'7*.J U8, ;7G ,649'96,* +() 7. ')9A&8,.< *7
67A7)58 '),49',) 78 &8 K893( +)(37694978'( > *7 )7*(.;7)58 78 &8, *(., *78'7839,< +7)( D*',
67A7)5 3(8'787) 3(8 +)739*9=8 > *7+,),6,478'7 .(* +)(8&839,4978'(* *(A)7 3,6, &8, 67 .,*
+)7'78*9(87* > 78 *& 3,*(< *(A)7 .(* 69*'98'(* +)(37*(* ,3&4&.,6(*.
CAP5TULO I
ACUMULACIÓN DE PRETENSIONES
ART5CULO HC-4 REJUISITOS-
3- L$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"! "! $%/i!i1#" !i:
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$c(/(#$%$ $c(/(#$%$!-
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"n prc"!! %" %i+"r"n'" 'ip-
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pr"'"n!in"! "n r$70n %" !( /$'"ri$ pr r$70n %"# 'ip %" prc"! :(" !" &$*$ %"
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ART5CULO HE-4 ACUMULACIÓN OBJETIVA-
3- E# %"/$n%$n'" p%r> $c(/(#$r "n #$ %"/$n%$ c($n'$! pr"'"n!in"! '"n.$ +r"n'" $#
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inc/p$'i1#"! "n'r" !2-
117
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- S"r> inc/p$'i1#" "# ")"rcici !i/(#'>n" %" %! K8) />! pr"'"n!in"! "n (n /i!/
prc"! * n p%r>n; pr '$n' $c(/(#$r!"; c($n% !" "?c#(*$n /('($/"n'" !"$n
cn'r$ri$! "n'r" !2; %" !("r'" :(" #$ "#"cci0n %" (n$ i/pi%$ &$.$ in"+ic$7 "#
")"rcici %" #$ 'r$ ( 'r$!
ART5CULO HF-4 ACUMULACIÓN OBJETIVA EVENTUAL-
N 1!'$n'"; "# $c'r p%r> $c(/(#$r ","n'($#/"n'" pr"'"n!in"! "n'r" !2
inc/p$'i1#"!; cn "?pr"!i0n %" #$ pr"'"n!i0n princip$# * %" $:("##$ 'r$ ( 'r$! :("
")"rci'$ p$r$ "# !# ","n' %" :(" #$ princip$# n !" "!'i/" +(n%$%$-

ART5CULO HH-4 ACUMULACIÓN SUBJETIVA-
3- P%r>n $c(/(#$r!"; ")"rci'>n%!" !i/(#'>n"$/"n'"; #$! pr"'"n!in"! :(" "#
%"/$n%$n'" ,$ri! %"/$n%$n'"! '"n.$n cn'r$ "# %"/$n%$% ,$ri!
%"/$n%$%!; !i"/pr" :(" "n'r" "!$! pr"'"n!in"! "?i!'$ (n n"? pr r$70n %"#
'2'(# c$(!$ %" p"%ir-
8- S" "n'"n%"r> :(" "# '2'(# c$(!$ %" p"%ir "! i%<n'ic cn"? c($n% #$!
pr"'"n!in"! !" +(n%"n "n #! /i!/! &"c&!-
Co)etario*
3-4 Cnc"p' %" $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
C(8*9*'7 78 )7&89) 678')( 67 &8, 49*4, 674,86,< ( 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, 67 &8, ,4+.9,39=8
67 ., 49*4,< &8, +.&),.96,6 67 +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 C,8 67 '),49',)*7 78 &8 K893( +)(37694978'(
> )7*(.;7)*7 78 &8, K893, *78'7839, ?&7 6,)5 )7*+&7*', , 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87*
676&396,*. L, L7> +&767 7*',A.737)., (A.9:,'()9,478'7 > 6,).7 @,3&.',67* ,. ')9A&8,. +,), ?&7
.( C,:, 67 (@939(< +() 7B74+.( 3(4( .( C,37 78 7. 3,*( 67 ., 94+&:8,39=8 67 ,3&7)6(*
*(39,.7* 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 50" 67. CPC.
A .(* 7@73'(* 67 67'7)498,) 3&586( 7F9*'7 ( 8( &8, ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87*< *7 67A7)5
7F,498,) 7. petit!m 67. .9A7.( 67 ., 674,86, > 3(4+)(A,) *9 78 D. *7 3(8'97878 ( 8( &8,
+.&),.96,6 67 +7'939(87* 67 3(8(394978'(. L( 94+()',8'7 7* ?&7 7*,* +7'939(87* *7,8
69*'98',*< 3(4( +() 7B74+.( *7 +96,8 )7*(.&39(87* 673.,),'9;,*< 67 3(8678, ( 3(8*'9'&'9;,*.J
S7:K8 Gimeno Sendra< 8( 94+()',< , .(* 7*')93'(* 7@73'(* 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8< ?&7 693C,
+.&),.96,6 67 +7'939(87* *7 @&86,478'78 78 &8, 69;7)*96,6 67 C73C(* ( ?&7 &8, 49*4,
@&86,478',39=8 @53'93, *7, *&*37+'9A.7 67 *&*',839,) 69*'98',* +)7'78*9(87*M .( 94+()',8'7 7*
?&7 ., 674,86, 3(8'78:, 6(* ( 45* +7'939(87*< 673.,),'9;,*< 3(8*'9'&'9;,* ( 67 3(8678, (
3&8,6( *7 +967 &8, ,3'9;,6 67 6987)( 3(4( +)9839+,. > ('), +() 98'7)7*7* > 8( 94+()', ?&7
*7,8 69*'98'(* .(* @&86,478'(* 67 67)73C( ?&7 *7 98;(?&78 *(A)7 .(* 49*4(* C73C(*.
A. ,3&4&.,) 8&7;,* +)7'78*9(87* .( ?&7 *7 7*'5 C,39786( 7* ,4+.9,86( 7. (AB7'( .9'9:9(*( (
+)(37*,. >< +() ',8'(< .( 94+()',8'7 7* ?&7 8( *7)5 +7)49'96( ,4+.9,) ., 674,86, &8, ;7G
11"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(8'7*',6, D*', %A)'E3&.( 430 CPC/< +&7*'( ?&7 *7 +(6)E, +)(6&39) 9867@78*9=8 +,), ., +,)'7
674,86,6,< 983.&>786( ,. 674,86,6( +() )73(8;7839=8.
E8 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* 78 4,'7)9, C9;9. 67 1$06 *7 &*,A, ., 7F+)7*9=8
H,3&4&.,39=8 67 ,339(87*I +,), 67*9:8,) .( ?&7 ,C(), 78 7. CPC *7 .7 ..,4, ,3&4&.,39=8 67
+)7'78*9(87* > .( ?&7 *7 ..,4,A, H,3&4&.,39=8 67 ,&'(*I 7* .( ?&7 ,C(), *7 678(498,
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(*.
2.J Cn%icin"! %" $%/i!i1i#i%$% %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
C(4( 7.7478'(* > )7?&9*9'(* 7*7839,.7* +,), ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87* 67A78 67
*9:89@93,)*7 .(* *9:&978'7*L
,/ E* 8737*,)9( ?&7 ., B&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839, (AB7'9;, *7, 9:&,. +,), '(6,*.
A/E* 8737*,)9( ?&7 7. J&7G *7, (AB7'9;, > '7))9'()9,.478'7 3(4+7'78'7 +() .( ?&7 67A7)5 67
'787)*7 78 3&78', .( 69*+&7*'( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 2$< 30< 31< 34< 35 > 36 67. CPC.
3/ R7*&.', 7*7839,. ?&7 8( '78:,8 ?&7 ;78'9.,)*7 78 B&939(* 67 69@7)78'7 '9+( +() ),G=8 67 *&
4,'7)9,
6/ 2&7 8( .( +)(CEA, ., .7> 67 @()4, 7F+)7*, > 7*+73E@93,.
7/ S9 ., .7> .( ()678, 7F+)7*,478'7< *7 ,3&4&.,)58 78 &8, 49*4, 674,86, 69*'98',*
+)7'78*9(87*< ',. > 3(4( >, .( ;94(* ,8'7)9()478'7 ,. 39',) ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87*
78 ., 94+&:8,39=8 67 ,3&7)6(* *(39,.7* 67. ,)'E3&.( 50" CPC.
@/ E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 +)(37*( +() ),G=8 67 ., 3&,8'E,< ., 67. ,A)7;9,6( *7 ,3&4&., ,
., 67. ()698,)9(. A .(* 7@73'(* 67. +)(37694978'( ()698,)9( ,673&,6(< )9:7 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.
., 45F94, H?&978 +&767 .( 45*< +&767 .( 478(*I< 67 ',. *&7)'7 ?&7 , &8 +)(37*( ()698,)9(
+&767 ,3&4&.,)*7 &8, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 8()4,.478'7 67A7 '),49',)*7 3(8@()47 , .,* )7:.,* 67.
B&939( ,A)7;9,6( +() ),G=8 67 ., 3&,8'E,< +7)( 8( 78 *78'96( 3(8'),)9(.
=-4 In$%/i!i1i#i%$% %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n
E8 7. 3,*( ?&7 *7 C&A97)78 ,3&4&.,6( ;,)9,* +)7'78*9(87* 9867A96,478'7< 7. ')9A&8,.
)7?&7)9)5 ,. 674,86,8'7 +,), ?&7 +)(376, , *&A*,8,).,< 6586(.7 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*<
98693586(.7 3&,.7* *(8 .,* +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 8( *7 +&7678 ,3&4&.,).J T),8*3&))96( 693C(
'D)498( *98 ?&7 *7 +)(6&G3, ., *&A*,8,39=8< *7 673.,),)5 98,649*9A.7 ., 674,86,.J L( 49*4(
(3&))9)5 *9 678')( 67 693C( +.,G( 7. ,3'() )7'9), .,* +)7'78*9(87* 98693,6,* 3(4( 98,649*9A.7*<
+7)( 983()+(), &8, 8&7;, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 9:&,.478'7 *7, 98,649*9A.7 , 3)9'7)9( 67. ')9A&8,..J
%,)'E3&.(* 430< 434<44$ > 452 67. CPC/.J
M5* ,67.,8'7< ,. C,37) .(* 3(478',)9(* *(A)7 7. +)(37*( ()698,)9(< 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 3$$ +5)),@(
')7*< ;7)74(* ?&7 ., 3.,*7 67 +)(37*( *7 67'7)498,)5 +)9()9',)9,478'7 +() ),G=8 67 ., 4,'7)9,
> *=.( 78 67@73'( 67 D*', *7 67'7)498,)5 +() ),G=8 67 ., 3&,8'E,.J E* 4&> 94+()',8'7 ',4A9D8
7. 3(478',)9( ?&7 *7 C,)5 )7*+73'( , ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 ., 3&,8'E, 67 ., 674,86, 3&,86( *7
,3&4&.78 ;,)9,* +)7'78*9(87* +)9839+,.7* %,)'E3&.( 402 CPC/.J E* 94+()',8'7 ,3.,),) ?&7 *7
+&7678 ,3&4&.,) +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 +() ),G=8 67 ., 4,'7)9, 8()4,.478'7 *7 67A7)E,8 '),49',)
78 +)(37*(* 69@7)78'7*< *,.;( ?&7 ., .7> .( +)(C9A97),< > 78 7*'7 *78'96( 67A74(* 67 78'7867)
., 69*+(*939=8 3(8'7896, 78 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( 78 *& +5)),@( +)947)( .9'7),. H3I
@-4 C#$!"! %" $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
11$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4J1.J Ac(/(#$ci0n 1)"'i,$
E* ., ?&7 C,37 &8 *(.( 674,86,8'7 78 3(8'), 67 &8 *(.( 674,86,6(< ., ?&7 , *& ;7G *7 +&767
*&A69;969) 78 *94+.7 > 78 7;78'&,..

,/.J A3&4&.,39=8 (AB7'9;, *94+.7L E* ., ?&7 C,37 7. 674,86,8'7 @)78'7 , &8 *(.( 674,86,6(<
7B7)39',86( ;,)9,* +)7'78*9(87* 69@7)78'7* 78')7 *E ( )7.,39(8,6,* 67 ',. @()4, ?&7 .,
7*'94,39=8 67 ., +)947), +)7'78*9=8 7* +)7*&+&7*'( 67 .,* 6745*
A/.J A3&4&.,39=8 (AB7'9;, 7;78'&,.L E* ., ?&7 C,37 7. 674,86,8'7 @)78'7 , &8 *(.(
674,86,6(< 7B7)39',86( +)7'78*9(87* 983(4+,'9A.7* 78')7 *E< +7)( +969786( ?&7 *9 7*
67*7*'94,6, &8, *7 67396, *(A)7 ., ('),. E. ,)'E3&.( 5"5 67. CPC< *(A)7 7. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(<
3(8'9787 &8, )7:., 7*+739,. +,), ., ,3&4&.,39=8 (AB7'9;, > 69*+(87 ?&7 8( +)(3767)5 .,
,3&4&.,39=8 (AB7'9;, 67 +)7'78*9(87* *,.;( ?&7 *7 A,*78 78 &8(* 49*4(* C73C(* ( '&;97)78
3,)53'7) +)7B&6939,. &8,* )7*+73'( 67 ('),*. P,), ?&7 693C, ,3&4&.,39=8 +&76, ,649'9)*7 *7)5
8737*,)9( ?&7 '(6,* .,* +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 *7 +)7'7867 ,3&4&.,) 7*'D8 78 7. 54A9'( 67.
+)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< ?&7 7. B&7G ?&7 67A, 3(8(37) 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *7, 3(4+7'78'7 (AB7'9;,
> @&839(8,.478'7< > ?&7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 8( 7*'D +)(C9A96, +() ., .7>. A*E *7 +(6)E, ,3&4&.,)
78 &8 ,A)7;9,6( &8, ,339=8 67 7F+9),39=8 67. ,))786,4978'( %A)'. 400 CPC/ > &8, ,339=8 67
)73.,4,39=8 67 3,8'96,6 67 6987)( 67 478(* 67 50.000 L.
4J2.J Ac(/(#$ci0n !(1)"'i,$
S7 +&7678 6,) ')7* 3,*(* 4&> 3(83)7'(* > 7*+73E@93(*L
1.J E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 ;,)9(* 674,86,8'7* ,3&4&.78 *&* +)7'78*9(87* 78 3(8'), 67 &8 *(.(
674,86,6(M 7* 7*'7 7. 3,*( 67. .9'9*3(8*()39( ,3'9;(.
2.J E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 *7, &8 *(.( 674,86,8'7 7. ?&7 ,3&4&.7 +)7'78*9(87* 78 3(8'), 67
;,)9(* 674,86,6(*M 7* 7. 3,*( 67. .9'9*3(8*()39( +,*9;(.
3.J E8 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 ;,)9(* 674,86,8'7* ,3&4&.78 +)7'78*9(87* 78 3(8'), 67 ;,)9(*
674,86,6(*M 7* 7. 3,*( 67. .9'9*3(8*()39( 49F'(.
5.J R<.i/"n %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
5J1.J R":(i!i'! %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
,/.J E8 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 (AB7'9;,< ,6745* 67 .(* )7?&9*9'(* :787),.7*< *7 7F9:7 ?&7 .,*
+)7'78*9(87* 8( *7,8 983(4+,'9A.7* 78')7 *E< *,.;( ?&7 *7 7B7)39'78 78 @()4, 7;78'&,..
S7 3(8*967), ?&7 *(8 983(4+,'9A.7* 78')7 *E< 3&,86( *7 7F3.&>,8 4&'&,478'7 ( *7,8
3(8'),)9,* 78')7 *E< 67 ',. 4(6( ?&7 ., 7.7339=8 67 &8, 94+96, ( C,:, 987@93,G 7. 7B7)3939( 67
., ('), & ('),*M +() 7B74+.( *7 +967 78 &8, 7. 3&4+.94978'( 67 &8 3(8'),'( > +() (')( *7 +967
., )7*(.&39=8 67. 49*4( 45* ., 9867489G,39=8 +() 6,-(* > +7)B&939(*.
A/.J E8 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *&AB7'9;,< ,6745* 67 .(* )7?&9*9'(* :787),.7*< *7 7F9:7 ?&7 78')7 .,*
+)7'78*9(87* ,3&4&.,A.7* 7F9*', &8 87F( +() ),G=8 67. 'E'&.( ( 3,&*, 67 +769).
5J2.J M% %" r"$#i7$r #$ $c(/(#$ci0n
T(6,* .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67A7)58 ,3&4&.,)*7 78 7. 7*3)9'( 67 ., 674,86, ( *7 +(6)58 ,3&4&.,)
4769,8'7 &8, ,4+.9,39=8 67 ., 49*4, ,8'7* 67 ., 3(8'7*',39=8< *,.;( 78 7. 3,*( 67.
120
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
.9'9*3(8*()39( +,*9;( 8737*,)9( %,)'E3&.( 453/< >, ?&7 78 7*'7 3,*( 7. 674,86,6( >, C,
3(8'7*',6( ., 674,86, ()698,)9, > C, 678&839,6( ., @,.', 67. 67A96( .9'9*3(8*()39(.
6.J D"c#$r$ci0n %" in%"1i%$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!
,/.J D7 (@939(. E. J&7G< +)7;9( , ., ,649*9=8 67 ., 674,86, +&767 ,6;7)'9) ?&7 C,>
+)7'78*9(87* ?&7 8( *7 +&7678 ,3&4&.,) > ()678,)5 ?&7 *7 *&A*,87 +() +,)'7 67.
674,86,8'7M *9 8( .( C,37 78 7. 'D)498( ?&7 *7 .7 6, ( *9 ;&7.;7 , +)7*78',) &8, +)7'78*9=8
8( ,3&4&.,A.7< 7. B&7G 98,649'9)5 ., 674,86,.
A/.J A +7'939=8 67 +,)'7. E* 8737*,)9( 69*'98:&9) .(* 6(* '9+(* 67 +)(37*(* 78 ()678 , ;7)9@93,)
7. 4(478'( 67 *(.939',) ., 9867A96, 673.,),39=8 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)7'78*9(87*L
• E8 7. +)(37*( ()698,)9(< ,. 3(8'7*',) ., 674,86,< 67A9786( )7*(.;7)*7 78 ., ,&697839,
+)7.9498,) %,)'E3&.( 452 CPC/M
• E8 7. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< 78 ., V9*', *7 678&839,)5 +() 7. 674,86,6( > ,3'( *7:&96(
*7 )7*(.;7)5 +() 7. J&7G %,)'* 5"5< 5$2 CPC/.
E-4 Tr$/i'$ci0n * "+"c'!-
S7 '),49',)58 '(6,* .,* ,339(87* ,3&4&.,6,* 78 &8 *(.( +)(37694978'(< 7. 3&,. '7)498,)5 3(8
&8, *(., *78'7839,< 78 ., ?&7 67A7)5 C,A7) 69*'98'(* +)(8&839,4978'(* 7FC,&*'9;(* >
4('9;,6(* +() *7+,),6( +,), 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87*.
CAP5TULO II
ACUMULACIÓN DE PROCESOS
SECCION 3O
NORMAS GENERALES
ART5CULO 3II-4 REJUISITOS-
3- L$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!!; 9nic$/"n'" prc"%" $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; * "!
$%/i!i1#" c($n%:
$) L$ !"n'"nci$ :(" &$*$ %" r"c$"r "n (n %" #! prc"!! p("%$ pr%(cir "+"c'!
pr")(%ici$#"! "n "# 'r-
1) En'r" #! 1)"'! %" #! prc"!! c(*$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" pi%" "?i!'$ '$# cn"?i0n :(";
%" !".(ir!" pr !"p$r$%; p(%i"r"n %ic'$r!" !"n'"nci$! cn prn(nci$/i"n'!
+(n%$/"n'! cn'r$%ic'ri!; inc/p$'i1#"! /('($/"n'" "?c#(*"n'"!-
8- L$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! !" !#ici'$r> !i"/pr" $# J("7 :(" cn7c$ %"# prc"!
/>! $n'i.(; $# :(" !" $c(/(#$r>n #! />! /%"rn!- L$ $n'i.Q"%$% !"
%"'"r/in$r> pr #$ +"c&$ %" #$ pr"!"n'$ci0n %" #$ %"/$n%$- D" inc(/p#ir!" "!'"
121
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
r":(i!i'; !" %"c#$r$r> in$%/i!i1#" #$ !#ici'(% pr $(' * !in (#'"rir r"c(r!;
cn'in($n% !( c(r! c$%$ prc"! !"p$r$%$/"n'"-
ART5CULO 3I3-4 PROCESOS ACUMULABLES-
3- S0# prc"%"r> #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! %"c#$r$'i,! :(" !" !(!'$nci"n pr #!
/i!/! 'r>/i'"!; c(*$ 'r$/i'$ci0n p("%$ (ni+ic$r!" !in p<r%i%$ %" %"r"c&!
prc"!$#"!; !i"/pr" :(" cnc(rr$ $#.(n$ %" #$! c$(!$! "?pr"!$%$! "n "!'" C0%i.; *
!$#, #$ p!i1#" $c(/(#$ci0n "n ")"c(ci0n !i !" c(/p#"n #! r":(i!i'!
crr"!pn%i"n'"!-
8- P$r$ :(" !"$ $%/i!i1#" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! !"r> pr"ci! :(" <!'! !"
"nc("n'r"n "n pri/"r$ in!'$nci$; * :(" "n nin.(n %" "##! &$*$ inici$% #$
$(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$ %"# prc"! r%in$ri; #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #$ pr("1$ "n "# prc"!
$1r",i$%-
ART5CULO 3I8-4 PROCESOS NO ACUMULABLES-
3- L$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! !" r"c&$7$r> c($n% cn!'" :(" #$! p$r'"! p(%i"rn
$c(%ir $ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!-
8- Si #! prc"!! c(*$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" pr"'"n%$ +("r"n pr/,i%! pr "# /i!/
%"/$n%$n'"; pr %"/$n%$% r"cn,ini"n'"; !" "n'"n%"r>; !$#, )(!'i+ic$ci0n
c(/p#i%$; :(" p(% pr/,"r!" (n 9nic prc"%i/i"n' "n #! '<r/in! %"#
n(/"r$# $n'"rir * n prc"%"r> #$ $c(/(#$ci0n-
=- C($n% #! prc"!! "!'(,i"r"n p"n%i"n'"! $n'" %i!'in'! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"!;
n c$1r> !( $c(/(#$ci0n !i "# J(7.$% %"# prc"! />! $n'i.( c$r"ci"r" %"
c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ pr r$70n %" #$ /$'"ri$ pr r$70n %" #$ c($n'2$ p$r$
cnc"r %"# prc"! prc"!! :(" !" :(i"r$n $c(/(#$r-
@- T$/pc prc"%"r> #$ $c(/(#$ci0n c($n% #$ c/p"'"nci$ '"rri'ri$# %"# J(7.$%
:(" cn7c$ %"# prc"! />! /%"rn '"n.$ "n #$ #"* c$r>c'"r in%"r.$1#" p$r$ #$!
p$r'"!-
B- C($n% "# ri"!. %" !"n'"nci$! cn prn(nci$/i"n'! +(n%$/"n'!
cn'r$%ic'ri!; inc/p$'i1#"! /('($/"n'" "?c#(*"n'"! 1"%"7c$ $ #$ "?i!'"nci$
!i/(#'>n"$ %" %! K8) />! prc"!! "n'r" #$! /i!/$! p$r'"! * "n r"#$ci0n cn #$
/i!/$ pr"'"n!i0n; !#$/"n'" prc"%"r> #$ "?c"pci0n %" #i'i!p"n%"nci$- D"
"!'i/$r!" #$ "?c"pci0n %" #i'i!p"n%"nci$ !" pn%r> +in $# prc"! prc"!!
inici$%! cn p!'"riri%$%; cn cn%"n$ "n '%$! #$! c!'$! c$(!$%$! "n "!'!
9#'i/!-
122
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 3I=-4 NO SUSPENSIÓN-
3- L$ !#ici'(% %" $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! n !(!p"n%"r> "# c(r! %" #! :(" !"
pr"'"n%$ $c(/(#$r "!'<n n "n c(r! "n "# /i!/ J(7.$%G !in "/1$r.; "n
$/1! c$!! %"1"r>n $1!'"n"r!" %" %ic'$r !"n'"nci$ "n c($#:(i"r$ %" "##! &$!'$
:(" !" %"ci%$ !1r" #$ prc"%"nci$ n %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n; !(!p"n%i<n%!" $#
"+"c' "# p#$7 p$r$ %ic'$r#$-
8- Si #! prc"!! "!'>n p"n%i"n'"! $n'" %i!'in'! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"!; "# :("
cn7c$ %" #$ !#ici'(% %" $c(/(#$ci0n; c/(nic$r> '$# circ(n!'$nci$ pr "# /"%i
/>! r>pi% $# 'r 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#; p$r$ :(" %" c(/p#i/i"n' $ # %i!p("!'
"n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir-
Co)etarios*
T(6( .( )7.,'9;( , ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(*< 7*'5 &A93,6( 78 7. L9A)( P)947)(< TE'&.( IV<
C,+E'&.( IIM ., S7339=8 P)947), ?&7 3(8'9787 .,* nr/$! ."n"r$#"! *(A)7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67
+)(37*(* %,)'E3&.(* 67. 100 ,. 103/M ., S7339=8 S7:&86, ?&7 3(8'9787 .,* 8()4,* +,), .,
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *7:&96(* $n'" (n /i!/ 'ri1(n$# %,)'E3&.(* 67. 104 ,. 106/< > .,
S7339=8 T7)37), ?&7 3(8'9787 .,* 8()4,* ?&7 )7:&.,8 .(* ')549'7* )7.,'9;(* , ., ,3&4&.,39=8
67 +)(37*(* ?&7 *7 *9:&78 $n'" %i!'in'! 'ri1(n$#"!-
3-4 Cnc"p' * +(n%$/"n'
L, ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* 7* ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *(A)7;7896, 67 +)7'78*9(87*< 676&396,* 78
69*'98'(* +)(37*(* 673.,),'9;(*< 78 &8 *(.( +)(37*( > )7*&7.',* 78 &8, *(., *78'7839, E.
@&86,478'( 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* '9787 &8, 6(A.7 @98,.96,6 P() &8 .,6(< > 3(8@()47
7. +)9839+9( 67 73(8(4E, +)(37*,.< '9787 3(4( @98,.96,6 7;9',) 98K'9.7* )7+7'939(87* 67
,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7*M 67 (')(< +() 7. +)9839+9( 67 *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,< +,), 7;9',) ?&7 *7
+)(6&G3,8 *78'7839,* 3(8'),693'()9,* ?&7 +&7678 3,&*,) &8 :),8 6,-( ,. 7*',6( B&)E693( ?&7
+)(6&37 ., 3(*, B&G:,6,. P(674(* 6739) +() .( ',8'(< ?&7 7. (AB7'( +)9839+,. 67 .,
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* 7* 7;9',) *78'7839,* 3(8'),693'()9,*< ?&7 *7)E,8 3(8'),)9,* , .,
67A96, *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,.
8-4 A%/i!i0n %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!!-
2J1.J R7:., :787),.. EF37+39=8
E8 3&,8'( , ., 69*+(*939=8 .7:,. 3(8'7896, 78 7. ,+,)',6( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< 67 ?&7 .,
,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *=.( +)(3767 , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7< ., +(674(* '(4,) 3(4( )7:.,
:787),.. EF9*'7 ., 7F37+39=8 3(8'74+.,6, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 574 8P 2 67. CPC ?&7 6, ., @,3&.',6
,. B&7G 78 7. +)(37*( *(A)7 +)7'78*9(87* 3(.73'9;,*< 67 ()678,) 67 (@939( ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67
+)(37*(*.
2J2.J E@73'(* +)7B&6939,.7*
E8 3&,8'( ., 69*+(*939=8 67. .9'7),. ,/ 67. +5)),@( +)947)(< 67A74(* 78'7867) +() 7@73'(*
+)7B&6939,.7* 3(4( ,?&7.., *9'&,39=8 +)(37*,. 78 ., ?&7 7F9*'78 +)7'78*9(87* ?&7< 676&396,*
123
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,8'7 &8 49*4( ( 69*'98'(* B&G:,6(* 67 +)947), 98*',839,< 4,8'78:,8 &8, 3(87F9=8 B&)E693,<
67 ',. *&7)'7 ?&7 ., 6739*9=8 67 &8, 67 7..,* +)(6&G3, 7@73'(* B&)E693(* ( *7, 8737*,)9, +,), .,
@&86,478',39=8 67 ., *7:&86,M +() 7B74+.(< &8, +)7'78*9=8 673.,),'9;, 67 8&.96,6 67 &8,
3(4+),;78', 7B7)39',6, 78 &8 +)(37*( ()698,)9(< +)(6&39)E, 7@73'(* 3(8*'9'&'9;(* ( 7F'98'9;(*
78 &8, +)7'78*9=8 67 )7*39*9=8 67 7*, 49*4, 3(4+),;78', 7B7)39',6, 78 (')( +)(37*(.
2J3.J R7?&9*9'(* 67 +)(3767839,
E8 3&,8'( , ., 69*+(*939=8 3(8'7896, 78 7. .9'7),. A/< +,), ?&7 +)(376, ., ,3&4&.,39=8 7*
8737*,)9(< 78 +)947) .&:,)< ?&7 .,* +)7'78*9(87* 7*'D8 3(87F,*< *&AB7'9;, > (AB7'9;,478'7<
+,), .( 3&,. '9787 ?&7 7F9*'9)< 78')7 7..,*< &8 87F( 78 7. (AB7'( ( A978 .9'9:9(*( > 78 7. 'E'&.( (
3,&*, 67 +769)< 78'7869786( +() ',. 8( ., 9678'96,6 B&)E693,< *98( ., @53'93,< 7* 6739)< ?&7 *7
*&*',83978 *(A)7 .(* 49*4(* C73C(*M > 78 *7:&86(< ?&7 ',.7* +)7'78*9(87*< 67 '),49',)*7 +()
*7+,),6(< +&697),8 6,) .&:,) , *78'7839,* 3(8 +)(8&839,4978'(* ( @&86,478'(*
3(8'),693'()9(*< 983(4+,'9A.7* ( 4&'&,478'7 7F3.&>78'7*.
=-4 Ór.$n )(%ici$# :(" %"1" r"!#,"r * prc"%"nci$-
OA.9:,'()9,478'7 ., *(.939'&6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8 67A7)5 +)7*78',)*7 ,8'7 7. B&7G ?&7 3(8(G3,
67. +)(37*( 45* ,8'9:&(< A,B( ., *,839=8 67 ?&7 ,. 983&4+.9)*7 7*', 69*+(*939=8 *7 673.,)7
98,649*9A.7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *(.939',6, 4769,8'7 ,&'(< 7. 3&,. *7)5 9))73&))9A.7. L(*
+)(@7*9(8,.7* 67. 67)73C( 67A7)58 +() ',8'(< ,8'7* 67 *(.939',) &8, ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(*<
7F,498,) .,* @73C,* 67 +)7*78',39=8 67 .,* 674,86,* > 8( .,* @73C,* 67 .(* ,&'(* 4769,8'7 7.
3&,. *7 ,649'97)(8. E8 ()678 , 3.,)9@93,) ., +)(3767839, 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 ,&'(* 7*
+)739*( )7,.9G,) .,* *9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*
1.J L, ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *=.( +)(3767 78 .(* +)(37*(* 673.,),'9;(*< 7* 6739)< 78 7.
()698,)9( > 7. ,A)7;9,6( 3(8 3,6, &8, 67 *&* 7*+739,.96,67* > 78 .(* 8( 69*+(*9'9;(*< *974+)7
?&7 *7 *&*',83978 +() .(* 49*4(* ')549'7* (< 3&,86( ,K8 8( *9786( 9:&,.7* 7*'(* ')549'7*< *7
+&76,8 &89@93,) *98 ?&7 7..( *9:89@9?&7 ., +D)696, 67 67)73C(* +)(37*,.7*. S7 C,37 ., *,.;76,6
67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(* 78 7B73&39=8< .(* ?&7 *E *7 +(6)58 ,3&4&.,)< *974+)7 >
3&,86( *7 3&4+.,8 3(8 .(* )7?&9*9'(* ?&7 *7 7F9B,8 +,), 7..( 78 ., 7B73&39=8 @()G(*,.
%A)'E3&.( 745 CPC/.J
2.J L, ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *=.( 3,A7 78 +)947), 98*',839, > +() .( ',8'( 8( 3,A7
*(.939',)., 78 ., ,+7.,39=8 > 78 ., 3,*,39=8< +() .( ?&7 67A7)58 )73C,G,)., 67 (@939(.
3.J D7*67 67. +&8'( 67 ;9*', +)(3769478',.< ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *=.( +)(3767 78 ., @,*7
673.,),'9;, 67. +)(37*(< 7* 6739)< ,8'7* 67 98939,)*7 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9, 78 7. +)(37*(
()698,)9( > ,8'7* 67 98939,)*7 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< .( 3&,. *&+(87
7. 4(478'( +)73.&*9;( +,), ., *(.939'&6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8 67 ,&'(*.
4.J P,), 3(83.&9) 7*'7 ,+,)',6( +(674(* 6739) ?&7 .(* +)737+'(* ,8,.9G,6(* @&7)(8 983.&96(*
+,), 7;9',) 7. )97*:( 67 ?&7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *7, &'9.9G,6, 78 @()4, @),&6&.78',<
+&7* *7 '),', 67 7;9',) ?&7 *7 &*78L
• P,), 69.,',) 9867A96,478'7 7. +)(37*( +)947),478'7 3(478G,6( > 78 7. ?&7 *7
7*+7), &8, )7*(.&39=8 67*@,;(),A.7.
• P,), 3())7:9) 67@73'(* 67 '(6, 3.,*7 78 7. +)(37*( +)947),478'7 3(478G,6( 3&,86(
78 7*'7 >, 8( 7* +(*9A.7 ., *&A*,8,39=8M +() 7B74+.(L 98')(6&339=8 7F'74+()587, 67
124
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C73C(*< ,+()',39=8 ',)6E, 67 +)&7A,*< '),7) ,. +)(37*( , '7)37)(* 45* ,..5 67. +)(37*(
(+()'&8(.J
P,), +,.9,) .(* )97*:(* , ?&7 >, C74(* C73C( )7@7)7839, > 7;9',) 69.,39(87* 988737*,)9,*< 7.
CPC 7* 7*+739,.478'7 )9:&)(*( ,. 7*',A.737) .,* 7F9:7839,* +,), *& ,649*9A9.96,6.J E*',A.737
?&7 ., *(.939'&6 8( *&*+7867 7. 3&)*( 67 .(* +)(37*(*< ,&8?&7 7. ')9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(G3, 67 3,6,
&8( 67A7)5 ,A*'787)*7 67 693',) *78'7839, 78 3&,.?&97), 67 7..(* C,*', ?&7 67396, *(A)7 .,
+)(3767839, 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8< *&*+7869D86(*7 ,. 7@73'( 7. +.,G( +,), 693',).,.J P,), ?&7 *7
3&4+., 3(8 7*', 69*+(*939=8< 7. ')9A&8,. ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67 ., *(.939'&6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8
67A7)5 +(87) 78 3(8(394978'( , .(* 6745* ')9A&8,.7* ?&7 7*'58 3(8(39786( 67 .(* +)(37*(*
67 .(* 3&,.7* *7 +967 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 +() 7. 4769( 45* )5+96( 67 ?&7 69*+(8:,.
SECCION 8O
ACUMULACION DE PROCESOS JUE ESTAN PENDIENTES ANTE EL MISMO
ORGANO JURISDICCIONAL
ART5CULO 3I@-4 TRLMITES INICIALES-
3- L$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" !#ici'$r> pr "!cri'; "n "# :(" !" !"D$#$r>n cn c#$ri%$% #!
prc"!! c(*$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" pi%" * "# "!'$% prc"!$# "n :(" !" "nc("n'r$n; )(n'
cn #$! r$7n"! :(" )(!'i+ic$n #$ $c(/(#$ci0n- En "# prc"! r%in$ri #$
$c(/(#$ci0n !0# !"r> p!i1#" !i "# #i'i.i />! $n'i.( n &(1i"r$ ##".$% $9n $#
'r>/i'" %" c"#"1r$ci0n %" #$ $(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$G "n "# prc"! $1r",i$%; #$
!#ici'(% %"1"r> r"$#i7$r!" cn (n$ $n'"#$ci0n /2ni/$ %" cinc KB) %2$! $# !"D$#$%
p$r$ #$ $(%i"nci$-
8- E# )("7 %ic'$r> $(' %"c#$r$n% in$%/i!i1#" #$ !#ici'(% %" $c(/(#$ci0n c($n% n
cn'"n.$ #! %$'! "?i.i%! pr #$ #"* * n !" &(1i"r$n !(1!$n$%; c($n%; !".9n
# :(" cn!'" "n %ic&$ !#ici'(%; #$ $c(/(#$ci0n n +("r" prc"%"n'" pr n
cnc(rrir #$! c$(!$! #! r":(i!i'! prc"!$#"! "!'$1#"ci%!-
ART5CULO 3IB-4 SUSTANCIACIÓN-
3- A%/i'i%$ #$ !#ici'(%; !" "n'r".$r> cpi$ $ #! %"/>! #i'i.$n'"! p"r!n$%! "n "#
prc"! "n :(" !" pr"!"n'$ #$ !#ici'(% * $ '%! #! :(" !"$n p$r'" "n c($#:(i"r$ %"
#! prc"!! c(*$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" pr"'"n%"; $ +in %" :("; "n "# p#$7 c/9n %"
cinc KB) %2$!; +r/(#"n $#".$cin"! $c"rc$ %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n-
8- Tr$n!c(rri% %ic& p#$7; r"ci1i%$! #$! $#".$cin"!; "# )("7 r"!#,"r> #$ c("!'i0n
%"n'r %" #! cinc KB) %2$! !i.(i"n'"!; 'r.$n% #$ $c(/(#$ci0n !i '%$! #$! p$r'"!
"!'(,i"r"n %" $c("r%- En 'r c$!; r"!#,"r> # :(" "!'i/" prc"%"n'"; 'r.$n%
%"n".$n% #$ $c(/(#$ci0n !#ici'$%$; /"%i$n'" $(' irr"c(rri1#"-
ART5CULO 3IC-4 ADMISIÓN DE LA ACUMULACIÓN-
125
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- Ac"p'$%$ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# r%"n$r> :(" #! prc"!! />!
/%"rn! !" (n$n $# />! $n'i.(; $ #! "+"c'! pr","ni%! "n "!'" C0%i.-
8- Si #! prc"!! $c(/(#$%! n "!'(,i"r$n "n "# /i!/ "!'$% %" 'r$/i'$ci0n !"
r%"n$r> #$ !(!p"n!i0n %" #! :(" "!'(,i"r$n />! $,$n7$%!; &$!'$ :(" #! 'r! !"
&$##"n "n "# /i!/ !i/i#$r "!'$%-
=- D"n".$%$ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n; #! prc"!! !" !(!'$nci$r>n !"p$r$%$/"n'";
cn%"n>n%!" $ #$ p$r'" :(" #$ &(1i"r$ pr/,i% $# p$. %" #$! c!'$! %"#
inci%"n'"-
Co)etarios*
3-4 R":(i!i'! %" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! $n'" "# /i!/ 0r.$n J(ri!%iccin$#-
L(* )7?&9*9'(* 67 7*', +(*9A9.96,6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8 *7)E,8 .(* *9:&978'7*L
• L, *(.939'&6 67A7)5 +)7*78',)*7 +() 7*3)9'( ,8'7 7. ')9A&8,. ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786( 67.
+)(37*( 45* ,8'9:&(.J
• L, *(.939'&6 67A7)5 3(8'787) ., 7F+)7*9=8 3.,), 67 .(* +)(37*(* 3&>, ,3&4&.,39=8
*7 *(.939', > 7. 7*',6( +)(37*,. 78 ?&7 *7 783&78'),8.
• EF+(87) .,* ),G(87* ?&7 B&*'9@93,8 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 > @&86,478',).,* 67 4(6(
,673&,6(
• E8 7. +)(37*( ()698,)9(< 7. +)(37*( 45* ,8'9:&( 8( 67A7 C,A7) ..7:,6( ,K8 ,.
')549'7 67 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9, %+.,G( +)73.&*9;(/.
• E8 7. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< 67A7)5 C,37)*7 ., *(.939'&6< +() .( 478(* 3(8 3983( 6E,*
,8'7* 67. 6E, *7-,.,6( +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ,&697839,.
8-4 Tr$/i'$ci0n- R"!#(ci0n- R"c(r!!- E+"c'! %" #$ r"!#(ci0n
U8, ;7G ,649'96, , ')549'7 ., *(.939'&6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8< *7 .7 6, '),*.,6( , .,* 6745* +,)'7*
+7)*(8,6,* 78 7*7 +)(37*( 3(83)7'( > , '(6,* .,* +,)'7* 67 .(* 6745* +)(37*(* ?&7 *7
;78'9.,8 78 7*7 49*4( =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< , .,* ?&7 *7 .7* 3(83767 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*
3(4&87* , '(6(*< +,), ?&7 *7 +)(8&83978 *(A)7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8.
P,*,6( 693C( +.,G(< C73C,* ( 8( .(* ,.7:,'(* +() .,* 6745* +,)'7*< 7. B&G:,6(< *98 45*
')549'7 693',)5 ,&'( 678')( 67. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*.
L, )7*(.&39=8 *7)5 673.,),86( 3(8 .&:,) ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *9 '(6,* .,* +,)'7* 7*'&;97)78 67
,3&7)6( 7F+)7*,478'7M *9 8( 7*'&;97)78 67 ,3&7)6(< 7. J&7G )7*(.;7)5 .( ?&7 3(8*967)7
+)(37678'7. E8 3(8'), 67 693C( ,&'( 8( 3,A)5 )73&)*( ,.:&8( > +&7678 3(83&))9) 6(*
+(*9A9.96,67*L
• S9 @&7)7 673.,),6, 3(8 .&:,) ., ,3&4&.,39=8< .(* +)(37*(* 45* 4(67)8(* *7 &878 ,.
45* ,8'9:&(< 3(8'98&586(*7 78 7*'7 ., '),49',39=8 8()4,. 67. B&939(< ()678586(*7 78
7. 49*4( ,&'( ?&7 *7 *&*+786, ., '),49',39=8 67. ?&7 7*'D 45* ,;,8G,6( C,*', ?&7
.(* 6745* ,.3,8378 7. 49*4( 7*',6(< )7*(.;9D86(*7 78 &8, *(., *78'7839,< ., ?&7
'786)5 .(* +)(8&839,4978'(* +() *7+,),6( *(A)7 3,6, &8( 67 .(* +)(37*(*
,3&4&.,6(*.
126
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• S9 @&7)7 673.,),6, *98 .&:,) ., ,3&4&.,39=8< *7 ()678,)5 78 7. 49*4( ,&'( .,
*&*',839,39=8 +() *7+,),6( 67 3,6, &8( 67 .(* +)(37*(* > *7 3(8678,)5 78 3(*',* ,.
?&7 ., C&A97)7 +)(4(;96(.
SECCION =O
ACUMULACION DE PROCESOS PENDIENTES ANTE DISTINTOS JU6GADOS
ART5CULO 3IE-4 PETICIÓN-
3- L$ !#ici'(% %" $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!! p"n%i"n'"! $n'" %i!'in'! 0r.$n!
)(ri!%iccin$#"! !" !(!'$nci$r>; !i +("r" prc"%i/"n'$#/"n'" p!i1#"; cn+r/" $
#$! nr/$! cn'"ni%$! "n #! $r'2c(#! $n'"rir"! %" "!'" C$p2'(#; cn #$!
"!p"ci$#i%$%"! :(" !" in%ic$n "n #! $r'2c(#! !i.(i"n'"!-
8- En #$ !#ici'(% !" %"1"r> in%ic$r "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# $n'" #! c($#"! "!'(,i"r"n
p"n%i"n'"! #! 'r! prc"!! c(*$ $c(/(#$ci0n !" pr"'"n%"-

ART5CULO 3IF-4 SUSTANCIACIÓN-
3- T$n prn' c/ !" pi%$ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" #! prc"!! n !(!p"n%"r> "# c(r! %"
#! prc"!! $+"c'$%!; !$#, %"!%" "# //"n' "n :(" $#.(n! %" "##! :("%"
p"n%i"n'" !# %" !"n'"nci$; "n '$# c$! !" !(!p"n%"r> "# p#$7 p$r$ %ic'$r#$-
8- D" #$ !#ici'(% !" "n'r".$r> cpi$ $ #! %"/>! #i'i.$n'"! "n "# prc"! "n :(" !"
pr"!"n'$ #$ /i!/$; p$r$ :(" +r/(#"n #$! $#".$cin"! :(" "!'i/"n pr'(n$! "n "#
p#$7 c/9n %" cinc KB) %2$!- E# )("7 %ic'$r> $(' "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!
%"ci%i"n% !1r" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n- En c$! %" :(" <!'$ !" %"ni".("; !" c/(nic$r>
$# 'r ( 'r! )(7.$%! :(i"n"! p%r>n %ic'$r !"n'"nci$-

ART5CULO 3IH-4 ADMISIÓN DE LA ACUMULACIÓN-
En "# /i!/ $(' "n :(" "# )("7 "!'i/" prc"%"n'" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n r":("rir> $ :(i"n"!
cn7c$n %" #! 'r! prc"!! $c(/(#$%! p$r$ :(" #" r"/i'$n #! /i!/!;
$c/p$D$n% '"!'i/ni !(+ici"n'" %" #$! $#".$cin"! %" #$! p$r'"! r"+"ri%$! $ !(
prc"%"nci$ i/prc"%"nci$-
ART5CULO 33I-4 TRAMITACIÓN ANTE EL JUE6 REJUERIDO DE
ACUMULACIÓN-
3- R"ci1i% "# r":("ri/i"n' * "# '"!'i/ni; "# )("7 r":("ri% "n'r".$r> cpi$ %"
"##! $ #! #i'i.$n'"! :(" $n'" <# &$*$n c/p$r"ci%-
127
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- Si $#.(n %" #! p"r!n$%! n # "!'(,i"r$ "n "# prc"! $n'" "# 0r.$n
)(ri!%iccin$# r":(ir"n'"; %i!pn%r> %" (n p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$! p$r$ in!'r(ir!"
%" #$! $c'($cin"! "n #$ S"cr"'$r2$ %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# r":(ir"n'" * pr"!"n'$r
pr "!cri' $n'" "# r":("ri% #$! $#".$cin"! :(" "!'i/" pr'(n$!-

ART5CULO 333-4 RESOLUCIÓN SOBRE EL REJUERIMIENTO DE
ACUMULACIÓN-
E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# r":("ri% %ic'$r> $(' $c"p'$n% %"n".$n% "#
r":("ri/i"n' %" $c(/(#$ci0n- Si nin.(n$ %" #$! p$r'"! p"r!n$%$! !" p(!i"r" $ #$
$c(/(#$ci0n; !i n $#".$r"n &"c&! $r.(/"n'! %i!'in'! %" #! $#".$%! $n'" "#
0r.$n r":(ir"n'"; "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# r":("ri% !0# p%r> +(n%$r !( n".$'i,$ $#
r":("ri/i"n' "n :(" #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %"1" &$c"r!" $ #! prc"!! p"n%i"n'"! $n'" <#
/i!/-

ART5CULO 338-4 EFECTOS DE LA ACEPTACIÓN DE LA ACUMULACIÓN-
3- Ac"p'$% "# r":("ri/i"n'; !" r"/i'ir> "# "?p"%i"n'" $# )("7 r":(ir"n'" * !"
"/p#$7$r> $ #$! p$r'"! p$r$ :(" "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$! !" p"r!n"n $n'" <#; $
"+"c'! %" cn'in($r cn "# prc"!-
8- Acr%$%$ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n %" prc"!!; !" !(!p"n%"r> "# c(r! %"# prc"! />!
$,$n7$% &$!'$ :(" "# 'r ##".(" $# /i!/ "!'$% prc"!$#; //"n' "n "# c($# !"
"+"c'($r> #$ $c(/(#$ci0n-

ART5CULO 33=-4 EFECTOS DE LA NO ACEPTACIÓN DE LA ACUMULACIÓN-
3- C($n% "# 'ri1(n$# r":("ri% n $c"p'$r" "# r":("ri/i"n' %" $c(/(#$ci0n #
c/(nic$r> $# 0r.$n r":(ir"n'"; * !" %iri.ir>n $ !( !(p"rir in/"%i$' c/9n
p$r$ :(" r"!("#,$ #$ %i!cr"p$nci$; r"/i'i<n%#" $ #$ /$*r 1r","%$% p!i1#"; !in
:(" "?c"%$ %" cinc KB) %2$!; '"!'i/ni %" # $c'($% "n "# inci%"n'" "n !(!
r"!p"c'i,! 0r.$n! * :(" !"$ n"c"!$ri p$r$ r"!#,"r#$-
8- A# prpi 'i"/p; "/p#$7$r>n $ #$! p$r'"! $n'" "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#
c/p"'"n'"; pr p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!; p$r$ :(" p("%$n c/p$r"c"r * $#".$r pr
"!cri' # :(" cn!i%"r"n :(" cn,i"n" $ !( %"r"c&-
=- E# )(7.$% 'ri1(n$# c/p"'"n'" %"ci%ir> pr /"%i %" $('; "n "# p#$7 %" cinc
KB) %2$!; $ #$ ,i!'$ %" #! $n'"c"%"n'"! :(" cn!'"n "n #! $('! * %" #$! $#".$cin"!
"!cri'$! %" #$! p$r'"!; !i !" &(1i"r$n pr"!"n'$%; prc"%i<n%!" cn+r/" $ #
"!'$1#"ci% "n #! $r'2c(#! pr"c"%"n'"!- Cn'r$ "# $(' :(" !" %ic'" n c$1r>
r"c(r! $#.(n-
12"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado

Co)etario*
3-4 R":(i!i'! %" #$ !#ici'(%
S7 +)7*78', *974+)7 ,8'7 7. =):,8( ?&7 3(8(37 67. +)(37*( 45* ,8'9:&(< .( ?&7 *7
67'7)498,)5< 3(4( >, *7 69B(< 3(8@()47 , ., @73C, 67 +)7*78',39=8 67 .,* 674,86,*< ,. ?&7 *7
,3&4&.,)58 .(* 45* 4(67)8(*. I:&,.478'7< 67A7 C,37)*7 +() 7*3)9'(< 78 7. ?&7 *7 *7-,.,)58
3(8 3.,)96,6 .(* +)(37*(* 3&>, ,3&4&.,39=8 *7 +967 > 7. 7*',6( +)(37*,. 78 ?&7 *7
783&78'),8< B&8'( 3(8 .,* ),G(87* ?&7 B&*'9@93,8 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 > +() *&+&7*'( 67A7)5
*7-,.,)*7 7. =):,8( & =):,8(* B&)9*69339(8,.7* 78 6(867 *7 783&78'),8.J L, 49*4,
+)73.&*9;96,6 ?&7 7F9*'7 +,), *(.939',) ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* ?&7 +78678 ,8'7 &8 49*4(
')9A&8,. (+7), 78 7*'(* 3,*(* +,), *(.939',) ., ,3&4&.,39=8< +,), 7. 3,*(L E8 7. +)(37*(
()698,)9( ., ,3&4&.,39=8 *=.( *7)5 +(*9A.7 *9 7. .9'9:9( 45* ,8'9:&( 8( C&A97), ..7:,6( ,K8 ,.
')549'7 67 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,M 78 7. +)(37*( ,A)7;9,6(< ., *(.939'&6 67A7)5
)7,.9G,)*7 3(8 &8, ,8'7.,39=8 4E894, 67 3983( %5/ 6E,* ,. *7-,.,6( +,), ., ,&697839,. S7
,+.93,8 3(8 3,)53'7) *&+.7'()9( .,* 49*4,* )7:.,* 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 ,8'7 7. 49*4( ')9A&8,..
8-4 A%/i!i0n in$%/i!i0n
S7 .7 6, 7. 49*4( '),',4978'( ?&7 78 ., ,3&4&.,39=8 67 +)(37*(* *(.939',6, ,8'7 7. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. ?&7 3(8(37 '(6(* .(* +)(37*(*.J
,/ I8,649*9=8. E. B&7G +&767 98,649'9) ., *(.939'&6 *9 8( ..78, .(* )7?&9*9'(* 7F9:96(* +,),
7..(< ( 3&,86( C,A9D86(*7 8(',6( .(* 67@73'(* *7 .7 ;7837 7. +.,G( 67 *&A*,8,39=8 ?&7 *7 .7
6, ,. *(.939',8'7 > 8( C,37 &*( 67 D..
A/ A649*9=8. U8, ;7G ,649'96, ., *(.939'&6< *7 .7 6, '),*.,6( , '(6,* .,* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,*
*=.( 78 7*7 +)(37*( +,), ?&7 @()4&.78 ,.7:,39(87* 78 7. +.,G( 3(4K8 67 5 6E,*< , 478(* ?&7
',4A9D8 *7 C&A97)7 *(.939',6( ,3&4&.,39=8 67 (')( +)(37*( 67 ?&7 7*'&;97)7 3(8(39786( 7*7
49*4( ')9A&8,.M 78 7*7 3,*( ',4A9D8 *7 .7 6,)5 '),*.,6( , 7*'(*M +7)( 8( 98'7);97878 C,*', 7*7
4(478'( .,* 6745* +,)'7* 67 .(* +)(37*(* 67 ?&7 7*'58 3(8(39786( 7. (')( & (')(* ')9A&8,.7*.
A6745*< *7 .7 3(4&893, +() ., ;E, 45* )5+96, , .(* (')(* ')9A&8,.7* 78 .(* 3&,.7* (A),8 .(*
+)(37*(* 67 .(* 3&,.7* *7 +967 ,3&4&.,39=8< +,), ?&7 *7 ,A*'78:,8 67 693',) *78'7839, 78
3,6, &8( 67 .(* 3,*(*.
=-4 R"!#(ci0n
U8, ;7G @()4&.,6,* '(6,* .,* 3(83.&*9(87* ( 78 *& 3,*( ,:(',6( 7. +.,G(< 7. ')9A&8,. 693',)5
., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 3())7*+(86, 78 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* 3(8',6(* , +,)'9) 67 ?&7 *7 C,:, .,
K.'94, ,.7:,39=8 ( 78 *& 3,*(< ,. 6E, *9:&978'7 67. 6E, 78 ?&7 *7 '7)498= 7. +.,G( 3(837696(*
, .,* +,)'7*.J
,/ R7*(.&39=8 67*7*'94,86( ., ,3&4&.,39=8
S9 7. ,&'( ?&7 693'7 7. ')9A&8,. 7* 673.,),86( *98 .&:,) ., ,3&4&.,39=8< 8( 3,A)5 )73&)*(
,.:&8( > 67 984769,'( 7. ')9A&8,. .( +(86)5 78 3(8(394978'( 67. ( .(* ')9A&8,.7* ?&7 7*'58
3(8(39786( 67 .(* +)(37*(* 67 .(* 3&,.7* *7 +969= ,3&4&.,39=8< +,), ?&7 *9:,8 3(8(39786(
*98 45* 69.,39(87* 67 .(* 49*4(* > *7:&9)5 D. 49*4( 3(8 7. ')549'7 8()4,. 67. +)(37*(.J
A/ R7*(.&39=8 7*'94,86( +)(37678'7 ., ,3&4&.,39=8
S9 7. ')9A&8,. 693', 7. ,&'( 673.,),86( 3(8 .&:,) ., ,3&4&.,39=8< 78 7. 49*4( ()678,)5 ?&7 *7
)7?&97), ,. ( , .(* 6745* ')9A&8,.7* *(.939'586(.7* ?&7 .7 )749',8 .(* 3())7*+(86978'7*
12$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(37*(*< ,6B&8',)5 '7*'94(89( *&@93978'7 +,), 6,) , 3(8(37) ., 3,&*, +() ., ?&7 *7 +)7'7867
., ,3&4&.,39=8 > .,* ,.7:,39(87* ?&7< 78 *& 3,*(< C,>,8 @()4&.,6( .,* +,)'7* 69*'98',* 67.
*(.939',8'7 67 ., ,3&4&.,39=8
@-4 Tr$/i'" $n'" "# #! 'ri1(n$#"! r":("ri%!-
E. ')9A&8,. )7?&7)96( 6,)5 '),*.,6( 67 7..(* , .(* .9'9:,8'7* ?&7 ,8'7 D. C,>,8 3(4+,)7396( >
*9 ,.:&8( 67 .(* +7)*(8,6(* 8( .( 7*'&;97), 78 7. +)(37*( ,8'7 7. ')9A&8,. )7?&9)78'7<
69*+(86)5 67 &8 +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* +,), 98*')&9)*7 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* 78 ., *73)7',)E, >
+)7*78',) +() 7*3)9'( .,* ,.7:,39(87* ?&7 7*'947 (+()'&8,*. L, )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 693'7 7.
')9A&8,. )7?&7)96( *7)5 &8 ,&'(< > '786)5 &8 +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* 3(8',6(* , +,)'9) 67 ., K.'94,
,.7:,39=8 67 .,* +,)'7* ( 67. ;78394978'( 67. +.,G( 78 *& 3,*(. E*'7 ,&'( 7* 98,+7.,A.7 >
+&767 *7) 693',6( 78 7. *78'96( 67 ,37+',) 7. )7?&7)94978'( ( 67 6787:,).(.
,/ A&'( ,37+',86( 7. )7?&7)94978'(. S7 ()678, 78 7. 49*4( ,&'( 693',6( +() 7. )7?&7)96(<
?&7 *7 )749',8 .(* ,&'(* ,. ')9A&8,. )7?&9)78'7 > *7 74+.,G,)5 , .,* +,)'7* +,), ?&7 78 7.
+.,G( 67 3983( 6E,* *7 +7)*(878 ,8'7 D.< , 7@73'(* 67 3(8'98&,) 3(8 7. +)(37*(.J
E. T)9A&8,. )7?&9)78'7< ?&7 *7 C, 3(8;7)'96( 78 7. K893( ?&7 ;, , 3(8(37) 67 .(* +)(37*(*<
)7;9*,)5 '(6(* .(* +)(37*(* ,3&4&.,6(* > ()678,)5 ?&7 *7 +,),.937 7. 45* ,8'9:&( C,*', ?&7
'(6(* .(* 6745* ,.3,8378 7. 49*4( 7*',6(< +)(6&39D86(*7 67*67 7*7 4(478'( .,
,3&4&.,39=8 @()4,. 67 .(* +)(37*(*.
A/ A&'( 6787:,86( 7. )7?&7)94978'(. S7 3(4&893,)5 ,. =):,8( )7?&9)78'7 ?&7 *7 C,
67*7*'94,6( 7. )7?&7)94978'( .( 98;9',)5 , ?&7 *7 69)9B,8 , *& *&+7)9() 984769,'( 3(4K8 +,),
?&7 )7*&7.;, ., 69*3)7+,839, %78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 7. *&+7)9() 3(4K8 8( *7, &8, C()'7 67
A+7.,39(87* +() +7)'78737) .(* B&G:,6(* , 69*'98',* 39)3&8*3)9+39(87* B&6939,.7*< .( 67A7)58
)749'9) , ., S,., 67 .( C9;9. 67 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,/< )749'9D86(.7 , ., 4,>()
A)7;76,6 +(*9A.7< *98 ?&7 7F376, 67 3983( 6E,*< '7*'94(89( 67 .( ,3'&,6( 78 7. 9839678'7 78
*&* )7*+73'9;(* =):,8(* > ?&7 *7, 8737*,)9( +,), )7*(.;7).,. A*949*4(< 74+.,G,)58 , .,*
+,)'7* ,8'7 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 3(4+7'78'7< +() +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*< +,), ?&7 +&76,8
3(4+,)737) > ,.7:,) +() 7*3)9'( .( ?&7 3(8*967)78 ?&7 3(8;9787 , *& 67)73C(
E. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 3(4+7'78'7 673969)5 +() 4769( 67 ,&'(< 78 7. +.,G( 67 3983( %5/ 6E,*< ,
., ;9*', 67 .(* ,8'737678'7* ?&7 3(8*'78 78 .(* ,&'(* > 67 .,* ,.7:,39(87* 7*3)9',* 67 .,*
+,)'7*< *9 *7 C&A97),8 +)7*78',6(< +)(3769D86(*7 3(8@()47 , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(*
+)737678'7*. C(8'), 7. ,&'( ?&7 *7 693'7 8( 3,A)5 )73&)*( ,.:&8(.
ART5CULO 33@-4 DISPOSICIONES ESPEC5FICAS-
3- C($n% (n /i!/ 'ri1(n$# +("r$ r":("ri% %" $c(/(#$ci0n pr %! K8) />!
0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"!; r"/i'ir> #! "?p"%i"n'"! $# !(p"rir c/9n $ '%! "##! *
# c/(nic$r> $ '%! #! r":(ir"n'"! p$r$ :(" %"+i"r$n #$ %"ci!i0n $ %ic&
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8- S(!ci'$%$ #$ $c(/(#$ci0n "n (n prc"!; n !" $%/i'ir> !#ici'(% %" $c(/(#$ci0n
%" 'r (#'"rir; !i :(i"n #$ pi%i"r$ &(1i"!" inici$% "# prc"! :(" in'"n'$r$
$c(/(#$r; * "# 'ri1(n$# #$ r"c&$7$r> /"%i$n'" $('-

130
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
N 1!'$n'"; !i !" !(!'$nci$!" #$ n(",$ $c(/(#$ci0n; '$n prn' c/ cn!'" "#
&"c& !" pn%r> +in $# /i!/; cn i/p!ici0n %" #$! c!'$! $# :(" #$ &(1i"r"
pr"!"n'$%-
Co)etario*
E. +5)),@( &8( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( )7:&., 7. 3,*( 78 ?&7 *7 +)7*78'78 .(* 678(498,6(*
H)7?&7)94978'(* 4K.'9+.7*I.J I84769,',478'7 ?&7 &8 49*4( B&G:,6( *7, )7?&7)96( +() 6(* (
45* B&G:,6(* +,), ?&7 )749', 7. ( .(* +)(37*(* 67 ?&7 7*'5 3(8(39786(< 67 984769,'(
)7*(.;7)5 4769,8'7 ,&'( ?&7 *7 78;E78 .(* ,8'737678'7* ,. ')9A&8,. *&+7)9() 3(4K8 > ?&7 *7
.7* 3(4&89?&7 , .(* 6745* B&G:,6(* +,), ?&7 C,:,8 .( 49*4(M '(6(* 67A7)58 3(83767).7* ,
.,* +,)'7* 7. 'D)498( 67 3983( 6E,* +,), ?&7 +&76,8 3(4+,)737) > ,.7:,) +() 7*3)9'( .( ?&7
3(8*967)78 3(8;78978'7 , *& 67)73C(. E. B&G:,6( ( ')9A&8,. 3(4+7'78'7 673969)5 +() 4769(
67 ,&'(< 78 7. +.,G( 67 3983( %5/ 6E,*< , ., ;9*', 67 .(* ,8'737678'7* ?&7 3(8*'78 78 .(* ,&'(*
> 67 .,* ,.7:,39(87* 7*3)9',* 67 .,* +,)'7*< *9 *7 C&A97),8 +)7*78',6(. E. CPC 78 3&,8'( , .,*
,3&4&.,39(87* *7 )7@97)7< 7* 7*+739,.478'7 )9:&)(*( ,. 7*',A.737) .,* 7F9:7839,* +,), *&
,649*9A9.96,6. E. +5)),@( *7:&86( @,3&.', ,. B&7G 67 )73C,G,) 67 (@939(< ',8 .&7:( 3(4(
3(8*'7 78 ,&'(*< ., *(.939'&6 67 ,3&4&.,39=8< 3&,86( 7. ?&7 ., +)7*78'7 C&A97*7 98939,6( 7.
+)(37*( ?&7 +)7'7867 ,3&4&.,).
TITULO JUINTO
ACTOS PROCESALES
RAFAEL BUSTLL!
"A#UEL CAL$
%!E &AS'UE%
()
ART5CULO 33B-4 ACTUACIONES JUDICIALES-
3- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! :(" cn+r/$n "# prc"%i/i"n' ci,i# %"1"r>n r"$#i7$r!" %"
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8- L! $c'! r$#"! !" r"$#i7$r>n "n #$! $(%i"nci$!; 1$) #$ %ir"cci0n %"# )("7
pr"!i%"n'" %"# 'ri1(n$# * !"r>n %c(/"n'$%! pr "!cri' !0# !i "!'" C0%i. #
p"r/i'" * "n #$ +r/$ pr <# pr",i!'$-
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!"r>n +ir/$%! pr :(i"n #! r"%$c'"- L! "!cri'! %" p$r'" !" %iri.ir>n '%! $#
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13
L(* ,)'E3&.(* 115 ,. 227 7*'58 3(478',6(* +() D. R,@,7. B&*'9..(< D. M,8&7. C,.9F > D. Z(7 C7.7*'7 V5*?&7G.
131
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- T%$! #$! $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! !" r"c."r>n "n (n "?p"%i"n'" :(" cn'"n%r> (n$
/>! pi"7$!; %" $c("r% cn # %i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.-
Co)etarioL
L, '7()E, 67. ,3'( +)(37*,. *7 67@987 3(4( &8, *&37*9=8 67 ;,)9(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*
783,678,6(*< ;983&.,6(* &8(* 3(8 (')(*< 67 ',. 4,87), ?&7 8( +&767 7F9*'9) &8 ,3'( *98 .,
+)77F9*'7839, 67 ,?&7. 8737*,)9(< ?&7 .7 6, ()9:78. N( +(6)E,4(* +78*,) 78 ., +)7*78',39=8
67. 7*3)9'( 67 3(8'7*',39=8 67 674,86,< *9 8( 7F9*'7 +)7;9,478'7 674,86,< ,&'( 67 ,649*9=8<
8('9@93,39=8 67. ,&'(< 39',39=8 > 74+.,G,4978'( 67. 674,86,6(.
ART5CULO 33C-4 DERECHO DE RECIBIR Y OBTENER INFORMACIÓN-
3- L! !"cr"'$ri! %" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! +$ci#i'$r>n $ c($#:(i"r p"r!n$ :("
'"n.$ in'"r<! #".2'i/; c($n'$ in+r/$ci0n !#ici'" !1r" "# "!'$% %" #$!
$c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"!; :(" p%r> "?$/in$r * cnc"r- T$/1i<n p%r>n p"%ir #!
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cn!'"n "n "# "?p"%i"n'"-
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"?p"%ir>n pr "# !"cr"'$ri #! '"!'i/ni! :(" !#ici'"n; cn "?pr"!i0n %" !(
%"!'in$'$ri-
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pr #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$n * r"pr"!"n'"n; !$#, :(" #$ #"*
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Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 1< 14< 15 67 ., L7> 67 T),8*+,)7839, > A337*( , ., I8@()4,39=8 PKA.93,.

Co)etario*
L, 6(3')98, 67@987 ?&7 67A7 78'7867)*7 ?&7 7F9*'7 &8 H98'7)D* .7:E'94(I< 3&,86( 7. *(.939',8'7
'9787 &8 v0nc!lo partic!lar 3(8 7. (AB7'( ( 3(8 .(* ,3'(* 67. +)(37*(< ( A978 &8 78.,37
:78D)93(< 78 ., 47696, 78 ?&7 *7 7B7)37 &8, actividad mediadora< 67 *,.;,:&,)6, 67 .(*
98'7)7*7* 67 '7)37)(*< > 78 ,4A(* 3,*(*< *9 *7 )7*+7',8 .(* 67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* 67 .,*
+,)'7*< 78 7*+739,. .(* 47839(8,6(* 78 7. A)'. 1$ > 134 CPC %C(8()< 98'9496,6 +7)*(8,. >
@,49.9,)< > +)(+9, 94,:78< *7:&)96,6 8,39(8,./. U8 +)(37*( 7* +KA.93(< 3&,86( 7. +)D*',4(
67 .(* ,&'(* 8( 7*'5 ;983&.,6( ,. I8'7)D* .7:E'94( 67. *(.939',8'7< +&7* 8( 67A74(* (.;96,)
132
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
?&7 7. ,337*( , ., 98@()4,39=8 +KA.93,< @()',.737 7. E*',6( 67 D7)73C( > 3(8*(.96, .,
674(3),39,< ',. 3(4( *7 67@987 78 ., L7> 67 T),8*+,)7839,M *98 (.;96,) ?&7 7*', 49*4, L7><
',4A9D8 +7)49'7 ., )7*7);, 7*+739,. 67 ,?&7..(* 6(3&478'(* 6(867 *7, 8737*,)9( +)('7:7) 7.
C(8()< ., 98'9496,6 +7)*(8,.< @,49.9,) ( ., +)(+9, 94,:78< 983.&*9;7 ,?&7.., ?&7 *7, 67
3,)53'7) 3(8@967839,.. S(A)7 7*', 3&7*'9=8 67A7 67 *9:89@93,)*7 7. A)'. 635 CPC *(A)7
7F3.&*9=8 67 ., +&A.9396,6 78 .(* +)(37*( 8( 69*+(*9'9;(*< %A)'. 62" CPC/ 7*',A.737 ?&7
H3())7*+(867 , .(* ')9A&8,.7* , +7'939=8 67 +,)'7 7 983.&*( 67 (@939(< 673969) ?&7 .(* ,3'(* >
.,* ,&697839,* *7 37.7A)78 , +&7)', 37)),6,< ,&8?&7 8( 7*'D8 78 .(* 3,*(* 67 7F3.&*9=8 >,
*7-,.,6(*I.J
CAP5TULO I
REJUISITOS
ART5CULO 33E-4 GENERALIDADES-
L! $c'! prc"!$#"! %"1"n r"(nir #! r":(i!i'! %" #(.$r; 'i"/p; i%i/$ * +r/$
pr",i!'! "n #! $r'2c(#! !i.(i"n'"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 3"< 3$ 67. C=69:( C9;9.< 431< $$1 67. C=69:( 67 C(47)39(.
Co)etario*
E*'(* )7?&9*9'(* ?&7 *7-,., ., .7> 8( *(8 45* ?&7 .,* 39)3&8*',839,* +)7;9*',* 78 ., .7>< +,),
?&7 67'7)498,6( ,3'( +)(6&G3, 7. 7@73'( +)7;9*'(< 7B74+.(*L 424< 425< 5"3< 67$< 757< 7"3<
"26< "32< "46< "70.J

SECCIÓN 3O
LUGAR
ART5CULO 33F-4 LUGAR DE CELEBRACIÓN DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES-
3- L$! $c'($cin"! prc"!$#"! !" r"$#i7$r>n "n #$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$#; !$#, $:(<##$! :("
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8- L$! $c'($cin"! :(" %"1$n r"$#i7$r!" +("r$ %" #$ !"%" %"# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$#
c/p"'"n'" !" pr$c'ic$r>n; c($n% prc"%$; /"%i$n'" $(?i#i )(%ici$#-
=- N 1!'$n'" # %i!p("!' "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir; #! )(7.$%! 'ri1(n$#"! p%r>n
cn!'i'(ir!" "n c($#:(i"r #(.$r %"# '"rri'ri %" !( circ(n!cripci0n p$r$ #$ pr>c'ic$
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c$/1i %" #(.$r-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( :D Código Civil
133
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etarioL
L(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* ?&7 7B73&'78 @&7), 67 ., *767 7F+)7*, 67. T)9A&8,. +&7678 )7,.9G,)*7 78
7. *9:&978'7 .&:,)L
1. 1&7), 67. .(3,. 67. B&G:,6(< +7)( 678')( 67 *& *767. E* 6739)< +,), 7. 3,*( 67. J&G:,6( 67
L7'),* C9;9. 67. D7+,)',478'( 67 1),839*3( M(),G58< *7)E, 3&,.?&97) +&8'( 67 ., 39&6,6
67 T7:&39:,.+,M +7)( @&7), 67. .&:,) 78 6(867 *7 783&78'), 7. B&G:,6(. C(4( 7B74+.(<
+&767 39',)*7 .( *9:&978'7L ., +)53'93, 67 +)&7A, 67. ,)'E3&.( 264 CPC 78 )7.,39=8 ,.
98'7))(:,'()9( 78 7. 6(4939.9( 67 ., +,)'7M 7. 344 CPC 78 )7.,39=8 ,. )73(8(394978'(
B&6939,. > 7. 305 67. CPC 78 )7.,39=8 , ., +)&7A, '7*'9@93,..J
2. 1&7), 67 ., .(3,.96,6 *767 67. ')9A&8,.< +7)( 678')( 67 *& 39)3&8*3)9+39=8. E* 6739) @&7),
67 ., 39&6,6 6(867 7*'5 7. ')9A&8,.< +7)(< 678')( 67. 54A9'( '7))9'()9,. 78 ?&7 '9787
3(4+7'7839, 7. J&G:,6(. P,), 7*'(* 3,*(* *7)5 8737*,)9( ., *(.939'&6 67. ,&F9.9( B&6939,.
+)7;9*'( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 15$ ,. 165 67. CPC. E8 7. 49*4( 3,*( 67. J&G:,6( 67 L7'),*
C9;9. 67. D7+,)',478'( 67 1),839*3( M(),G58< *7)E, 78 3&,.?&97) M&8939+9( 67
1),839*3( M(),G58< 7F37+'( 78 7. D9*')9'( C78'),..
3. 1&7), 67 ., 39)3&8*3)9+39=8 67. ')9A&8,.< 78 7*'7 3,*( *7)5 8737*,)9( 7. ,&F9.9( B&6939,..
E8 7. 49*4( 3,*( 67. J&G:,6( 67 L7'),* C9;9. 67. D7+,)',478'( 67 1),839*3( M(),G58<
*7)E, 78 3&,.?&97) (')( 67+,)',478'(< ?&7 8( *7, 1),839*3( M(),G58.J
L, .7> +)7;D ?&7 7. J&G:,6( +&76, 67*+.,G,)*7 @&7), 67. '7))9'()9( 67 *& 39)3&8*3)9+39=8.J +()
7B74+.(< +,), ., +)53'93, 67 +)&7A,*< 3&,86( 8( *7 +7)B&69?&7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 67. B&7G
3())7*+(86978'7 > *7 B&*'9@9?&7 67A96,478'7 +() ),G(87* 67 73(8(4E, +)(37*,.. E8 7*'7
*&+&7*'( C,A)5 ?&7 98@()4,) 984769,',478'7 ,. B&7G 3(4+7'78'7. E*', ,&'()9G,39=8 67.
C=69:(< +,), +(67) C,37)., 7@73'9;,< 67A7 7*',) 4('9;,6, 78 .,* ,3'&,39(87* > *7)E, 67*7,A.7
?&7 7*'&;97), +)7;9*', 78 ., L7> 67 O):,89G,39=8 67 T)9A&8,.7*.
SECCIÓN 8O
TIEMPO
ART5CULO 33H-4 TIEMPO DE REALI6ACIÓN DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES-
3- L$! $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! !" pr$c'ic$r>n p(n'($#/"n'" "n #$ +"c&$; %2$ * &r$
&>1i# !"D$#$%!; !in $%/i'ir!" %i#$ci0n-
8- Sn %2$! &>1i#"! '%! #! %2$! %"# $D; "?c"p' #! !>1$%! * %/in.! $!2 c/ #!
%2$! +"ri$%! #".$#/"n'" $('ri7$%! * #! :(" %"'"r/in" #$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %"
J(!'ici$ "n c$!! )(!'i+ic$%!-
=- Sn &r$! &>1i#"! #$! :(" "!'>n c/pr"n%i%$! "n'r" #$! !"i! %" #$ /$D$n$ * #$! !"i!
%" #$ '$r%" !in p"r)(ici %"# &r$ri %" 'r$1$) %" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"!
"!'$1#"ci% pr #$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$-
134
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- P#$7 "! "# p"r2% %" 'i"/p "n'r" %! +"c&$! "n :(" !" p("%" r"$#i7$r ,>#i%$/"n'"
(n$ $c'($ci0n prc"!$#- T<r/in "! #$ +"c&$; "# %2$; * "n !( c$! &r$; %"n'r %"#
p#$7 +i)$% "n :(" !" %"1" r"$#i7$r "# $c' prc"!$# r%"n$%-
Co#orda#ia:
A)'E3&.(* 3"< 3$< 40 C=69:( C9;9.. 62 > 63 67 ., L7> 67 ., C,))7), J&6939,..
Co)etario*
E# p#$7; 7F9:7 ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 &8 4(478'( 98939,. %, ?&(/ > 67 (')( @98,. %,6 ?&74/ > 7.
T<r/in; 7* &8 4(478'( 78 7. '974+(< 67'7)498,6( +() 6E, > C(),< 78 7. ?&7 '9787 ?&7
)7,.9G,)*7 ., ,3'&,39=8 B&6939,.. E* 6739) ?&7< *7 39', +,), &8 'D)498( > *7 74+.,G, +,), &8
'D)498( 78 7. ?&7 *7 67A7)5 67 )7,.9G,) &8, ,3'&,39=8 3(83)7',. E8 '(6( 3,*(< 78 ()678 , .,
3())73', ,+.93,39=8 67 7*'7 +)737+'(< *7)E, ,673&,6( ?&7 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< ,.
67'7)498,) B&*'9@93,6,478'7 .(* 6E,* 98C5A9.7*< .( C9397), 67 +KA.93( 3(8(394978'(.
E. '),8*3&)*( 67. '974+( 78 7. D7)73C( C9;9.< 3(4( TC73C( B&)E693(T< +&767 +)(6&39)< 67*67
., ,6?&9*939=8 C,*', ., +D)696, 67 &8 67)73C( *&AB7'9;(< @,3&.',6 B&)E693, ( *94+.7
7F+73','9;,. E8 7. +)947) *&+&7*'( *7 C,A., 78 *78'96( :787),. 67 T+)7*3)9+39=8 ,6?&9*9'9;,T
( T&*&3,+9=8T< 78 7. *7:&86( 67 T+)7*3)9+39=8 7F'98'9;,T.
L, Hcad!cidadH< *&):7 3&,86( ., L7> *7-,., &8 +.,G( @9B( +,), 7B7)39',) &8 ,3'( 3(8 7@93,39,
B&)E693,< 67 ',. 4(6( ?&7 '),8*3&))96( *98 7B7)39',).(< *7 94+(87 ., 673,67839, ,&'(45'93, 67
., @,3&.',6 67 7B7)3939( 67. 67)73C(. A 69@7)7839, 67 ., +)7*3)9+39=8< ., 3,6&396,6 7*
,+)739,A.7 67 (@939( > *(.,478'7 (+7), 78 .(* 3,*(* ',F,'9;,478'7 *7-,.,6(* +() ., L7>.
R7,.9G,6( &8 ,3'( 67 98'7))&+39=8 67. +.,G( 67 3,6&396,6< D*'7 *7 *&*+7867 6&),8'7 7. '974+(
*7-,.,6( +() ., L7>< 3(4+&'586(*7 7. +7)9(6( '),8*3&))96( C,*', 693C( 4(478'(M 7. +.,G(
;&7.;7 , 3())7) > *7 *&4, ,. ?&7 3(8'98K, , +,)'9) 67. 6E, *9:&978'7 ,. 67 '7)498,39=8 67.
+.,G( 67 *&*+78*9=8 .7:,..
L, Hprescripción e2tintivaH< 78 *78'96( +)(+9( 7* &8, 4(6,.96,6 67 7F'9839=8 67 .(* 67)73C(*
> 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87* +,), C,37).(* ;,.7)< 67)9;,6( 67 ., @,.', 67 7B7)3939( 6&),8'7 7. '974+(
7*',A.7396( +() ., .7> +,), *& ,3'&,39=8. P,), *& 7@93,39, B&)E693, 67A7 *7) ,.7:,6, +() ?&978
'),', 67 (+(87).,. S7 98'7))&4+7 +() 3&,.?&97) ,3'&,39=8 67. '9'&.,) 67. 67)73C( ?&7 *7,
983(4+,'9A.7 3(8 ,+,)97839, 67 )78&839, 67)9;,6, 67 ., @,.', 67 7B7)3939(. P)(6&396, .,
98'7))&+39=8 7. +.,G( ;&7.;7 , '),8*3&))9) 67 8&7;( 67*67 *& 98939(.
T(6,* .,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7* C,8 67 +),3'93,*7 78 6E,* > C(),* C5A9.7*. S(8 6E,* C5A9.7*
'(6(* .(* 6E,* 67. ,-(< 7F37+'( .(* *5A,6(* > 6(498:(*< ,*E 3(4( .(* 6E,* @7)9,6(*
.7:,.478'7 ,&'()9G,6(* > .(* ?&7 67'7)49878 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, 78 3,*(*
B&*'9@93,6(*.
S(8 C(),* C5A9.7*< .,* ?&7 7*'58 3(4+)78696,* 78')7 .,* *79* %6/ 67 ., 4,-,8, > .,* *79* %6/
67 ., ',)67 *98 +7)B&939( 67. C(),)9( 67 '),A,B( 67 .(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7* 7*',A.7396( +() .,
C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,.
L,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(+9,* 67 &8 B&939( C,8 67 )7,.9G,)*7 78 .(* Ht<rminosH %*&+(878 ., @9B,39=8
67 &8 4(478'( 3(83)7'( +,), ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,./ ( 678')(
67 .(* Hpla&osH %.,+*( '74+(),. 678')( 67. 3&,. *7 C, 67 ,3'&,) 78 7. +)(37*(/. T),8*3&))96(
7. +.,G( ( +,*,6( 7. 'D)498( *7-,.,6( +,), ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 &8 ,3'( +)(37*,. 67 +,)'7 *7
135
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(6&37 Hla precl!siónH > *7 +97)67 ., (+()'&896,6 67 )7,.9G,) 7. ,3'( 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7. E.
S73)7',)9( J&6939,. 67B, 3(8*',839, 67. '),8*3&)*( 67. +.,G( 78 7. 7F+76978'7 > ,3&7)6, .( ?&7
+)(3767< *9 7* 4,'7)9, +)(+9, 67 *& 3(4+7'7839, ( 6, 3&78', ,. ')9A&8,. , @98 67 ?&7 D*'7 693'7
., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 3())7*+(86,.
E8 ,?&7..,* ,3'&,39(87* 67. T)9A&8,. 3&>, 674(), +&76, 3,&*,) :),;7 +7)B&939( , .(*
98'7)7*,6(* ( , ., A&78, ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,< ( +)(;(3,) ., 987@93,39, 67 &8,
)7*(.&39=8 B&6939,.L HAct!aciones !rgentesH< %+7.L internamiento no vol!ntario por ra&ón de
trastorno ps0!icoI medidas #!diciales tendentes a satis/acer en c!al!ier tipo de sit!ación
con/lict!al en el orden civil el Hinter<s s!periorH de personas menores de edad... /< 67 (@939(
( , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7< .(* T)9A&8,.7* 67. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. 39;9.< +&7678 C,A9.9',) .(* 6E,*
> C(),* 98C5A9.7*. P,), .,* 7F+)7*,6,* ,3'&,39(87* &):78'7*< *(8 C5A9.7* .(* 6E,* 67. 47* 67
,:(*'(< *98 8737*96,6 67 7F+)7*, C,A9.9',39=8. T,4+(3( 7* 8737*,)9, ., C,A9.9',39=8 +,),
+)(*7:&9) 78 C(),* 98C5A9.7*< 6&),8'7 7. '974+( 9869*+78*,A.7< .,* ,3'&,39(87* &):78'7* ?&7
*7 C&A97)78 98939,6( 78 C(),* C5A9.7*
L(* +.,G(* 78 ?&7 *7 @),339(8, , 7@73'(* 67 3=4+&'(< 7*7 67;789) '74+(),.< +&7678 @9B,)*7<
+() 6E,*< *74,8,*< 47*7* ( ,-(*.
E8 7. Hcómp!to civilH< *974+)7 ?&7 8( *7 7*',A.7G3, ('), 3(*,< .(* +.,G(* *7-,.,6(* +() 6E,*<
, 3(8',) 67 &8( 67'7)498,6(< ?&76,)5 D*'7 7F3.&96( 67. 3=4+&'(< 7. 3&,. 67A7)5 74+7G,) 78
7. 6E, *9:&978'7M > *9 .(* +.,G(* 7*'&;97*78 @9B,6(* +() 47*7* ( ,-(*< *7 3(4+&',)58 67 @73C,
, @73C,. C&,86( 78 7. 47* 67. ;78394978'( 8( C&A97), 6E, 7?&9;,.78'7 ,. 98939,. 67. 3=4+&'(<
*7 78'7867)5 ?&7 7. +.,G( 7F+9), 7. K.'94( 67. 47*. E8 D*'7 3(83)7'( 54A9'(< 8( *7 7F3.&>78
.(* 6E,* 98C5A9.7*.
ART5CULO 38I-4 HABILITACIÓN-
3- D" +ici $ p"'ici0n %" p$r'"; "# )("7 p("%" &$1i#i'$r %2$! * &r$! in&>1i#"! "n
$:("##! c$!! "n :(" (n$ $c'($ci0n )(%ici$# n p("%$ r"$#i7$r!" %"n'r %"# &r$ri
:(" "!'" C0%i. "!'$1#"c"; c($n% !" 'r$'" %" $c'($cin"! (r."n'"! c(*$ %"/r$
p("%" p"r)(%ic$r $ (n$ %" #$! p$r'"!-
8- L$! $(%i"nci$! inici$%$! "n +"c&$; %2$ * &r$ &>1i#"! p%r>n cn'in($r &$!'$ !(
cnc#(!i0n "n 'i"/p in&>1i#; !in n"c"!i%$% %" :(" pr",i$/"n'" !" %"cr"'" #$
&$1i#i'$ci0n-
Co)etario*
E*', C,A9.9',39=8 67 6E,* > C(),* 98C5A9.7*< *98 +)7;9( 673)7'( 7* ,3()67 , .(* +)9839+9(* 67
3(8378'),39=8 > 67 73(8(4E, +)(37*,.
ART5CULO 383-4 ACTUACIÓN DIFERIDA-
C($n% #$ $c'($ci0n )(%ici$# r":(i"r$ />! 'i"/p %"# pr",i!' !" "!'$r> $ # %i!p("!'
"n "!'" C0%i. $# r".(#$r "# principi %" cnc"n'r$ci0n- L$! %"ci!in"! $# r"!p"c' !"
&$r>n cn!'$r "n "# $c'$-
136
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 388-4 FALTA GRAVE-
Inc(rr" "n +$#'$ .r$," "# )("7 /$.i!'r$% :("; !in )(!'i+ic$ci0n; n c(/p#" cn
r"$#i7$r #$ $c'($ci0n )(%ici$# "n #$ +"c&$ !"D$#$%$ %"n'r %"# p#$7 #".$# r"!p"c'i,-
Co)etario*
T,8'( .,* @,.',*< *&* *,839(87*< > 7. +)(37694978'( +,), 94+(87).,* 67A78 7*',) 7*',A.7396(*
78 ., L7> O):5893, 67 T)9A&8,.7*< ?&7 )7:&.,)5 ., L7> 67 C,))7), J&6939,.. A3'&,.478'7< .,
L7> 67 ., C,))7), J&6939,.< 7*',A.737 7*', ,3'&,39=8 3(4( 3(8'),)9, , ., 7@93,39, 67 .,
,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,< +() .( ?&7 3(8*'9'&>7 @,.', :),;7< *,839(8,6, 67 3(8@()496,6 ,.
R7:.,478'( 67 ., L7> 67 ., C,))7), J&6939,. %A)'*. 54< 5$< 61< 64< 67 67 ., L7> 67 ., C,))7),
J&6939,./ > A)'*. 173< 17$< 1"1< 1"2< 1"3< 1"4< 1"5< 1""< 1"$ 67. R7:.,478'( 67 ., L7> 67 .,
C,))7), J&6939,.< *98 +7)B&939( , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. RD:9478 67 D7*+96(. E. +)(37694978'(
7* 7. 7*',A.7396( 78 7. A)'. 1"" 67. R7:.,478'( 39',6(. P7)( 8( (A*',8'7< ., +)739*9=8 67 .,
*,839=8 > ., :),;76,6 67 .,* @,.',* 67A7)5 67 +)(3.,4,)*7 > ;,.(),)*7 78 @&839=8 67 .,
8,'&),.7G, 67. )7'),*(< 67 ., 7F'78*9=8 67 7*7 )7'),*(< 67 ., 3,):, 3(4+7'7839,. > 67 .(*
'),A,B(* 67. =):,8(< 67 ., 69*+(89A9.96,6 67 4769(* +7)*(8,.7* > 4,'7)9,.7* 78 7. B&G:,6(< >
67. :),6( 67 67693,39=8 67. B&7G , *&* @&839(87* B&)9*69339(8,.7*.
ART5CULO 38=-4 PERENTORIEDAD DEL PLA6O-
3- L! p#$7! pr",i!'! "n "!'" C0%i. * #! +i)$%! pr "# 'ri1(n$# !n p"r"n'ri! *;
pr '$n'; i/prrr.$1#"!; !$#, c$(!$ %" +("r7$ /$*r c$! +r'(i' $pr"ci$1#"
pr "# 'ri1(n$#-
8- C($n% n !" +i)" p#$7 ni '<r/in; !" "n'"n%"r> :(" "# $c' prc"!$# &$ %"
pr$c'ic$r!" !in %i#$ci0n-
Co)etario*
E*'7 +)737+'( 7* ,3()67 3(8 7. +)9839+9( 67 7.,*'9396,6 > +)73.&*9=8 )7:&.,6,* 78 7. ,)'E3&.(
1" 67. CPC. D7A7 3&96,)*7 ., 98'7)+)7',39=8 67 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , H*98 69.,39=8I< 78
+)9839+9( *7 *&+(87 ?&7 67A7)5 )7*(.;7)*7 67 984769,'(M *98 74A,):( C,> *9'&,39(87* ?&7 8(
*7 )7:&.,8 78 7. C=69:(< +() 7B74+.( 7. '974+( ?&7 '9787 7. J&7G +,), )7*(.;7) *(A)7 .,
,649*9=8 67 &8, 674,86, ()698,)9,< 6(867 8( *7 *7-,., 7. +7)9(6(< ,. 3(8'),)9( 67.
+)(37694978'( ,A)7;9,6( ?&7 7*',A.737 *7)58 5 6E,* +,), )7*(.;7).
ART5CULO 38@-4 CÓMPUTO DE LOS PLA6OS-
3- L! p#$7! c/"n7$r>n $ crr"r %"!%" "# %2$ !i.(i"n'" $ $:("# "n :(" !" &(1i"r"
"+"c'($% $ c$%$ in'"r"!$% "# $c' %" c/(nic$ci0n %"# :(" #$ #"* &$.$ %"p"n%"r
"# inici %"# c0/p('; * !" cn'$r> "n "##! "# %2$ %"# ,"nci/i"n'; :(" "?pir$r> $
/"%i$nc&"-
137
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- N 1!'$n'"; c($n% #$ #"* !"D$#" (n p#$7 :(" c/i"nc" $ crr"r %"!%" #$
+in$#i7$ci0n %" 'r; $:(<# !" c/p('$r>; !in n"c"!i%$% %" n(",$ n'i+ic$ci0n; %"!%"
"# %2$ !i.(i"n'" $# %"# ,"nci/i"n' %" <!'"-
=- En "# c0/p(' %" #! p#$7! !"D$#$%! pr %2$! !" "?c#(ir>n #! in&>1i#"!- P$r$ #!
p#$7! :(" !" &(1i"!"n !"D$#$% "n #$! $c'($cin"! (r."n'"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "!'"
C0%i.; n !" cn!i%"r$r>n in&>1i#"! #! %2$! :(" %"'"r/in" #$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %"
J(!'ici$ * !0# !" "?c#(ir>n %"# c0/p(' #! !>1$%!; %/in.! * +"!'i,!-
@- L! p#$7! !"D$#$%! pr /"!"! pr $D! !" c/p('$r>n %" +"c&$ $ +"c&$-
C($n% "n "# /"! %"# ,"nci/i"n' n &(1i"r$ %2$ ":(i,$#"n'" $# inici$# %"#
c0/p('; !" "n'"n%"r> :(" "# p#$7 "?pir$ "# 9#'i/ %2$ %"# /"!-
B- L! p#$7! :(" cnc#(*$n "n %/in. ( 'r %2$ in&>1i# !" "n'"n%"r>n
prrr.$%! &$!'$ "# !i.(i"n'" %2$ &>1i#-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 3" ,. 40 C=69:( C9;9..
ART5CULO 38B-4 PRESENTACIÓN DE ESCRITOS EN TIEMPO-
3- L! !"cr"'$ri! &$r>n cn!'$r #$ +"c&$; "# %2$ * &r$ %" pr"!"n'$ci0n %" #$!
%"/$n%$!; %" 'r! "!cri'! :(" p("%$n &$1"r inici$% "# prc"%i/i"n' * %"
c($#"!:(i"r$ 'r! c(*$ pr"!"n'$ci0n "!'< !()"'$ $ p#$7 p"r"n'ri-
8- En '% c$!; !" %$r> $ #$ p$r'" r"ci1 %" #! "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! :(" pr"!"n'"n
cn "?pr"!i0n %" #$ +"c&$ * &r$ %" pr"!"n'$ci0n- T$/1i<n p%r> &$c"r!" cn!'$r
#$ r"c"pci0n %" "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! "n cpi$ !i/p#" pr"!"n'$%$ pr #$ p$r'"-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 151< 15" CPC.
Co)etario*
E*'7 +)737+'( *7 @&86,478',< 78 ., ;7),396,6< 3(8@9,8G, ( ,&'()96,6 .7:E'94, ,')9A&96, ,.
*73)7',)9( B&6939,.< ,37)3, 67 ,3'(* > C73C(* )7,.9G,6(* ( +)(6&396(* 78 *& +)7*7839,M > ?&7
*7 '97878 +() ,&'D8'93(* > 3(8 @&7)G, +)(A,'()9, 4978'),* 8( *7 674&7*'), *& @,.*76,6<
3(8@()47 ,. ,)'. 151 CPC. A6745* 7* 3(8;78978'7 +,), 7. 3,*( 67 ,.:K8 7F'),;E( 67.
7F+76978'7 > ., )73(8*')&339=8 67 .(* @(.9(*.J
ART5CULO 38C-4 PRECLUSIÓN-
3- Tr$n!c(rri% "# p#$7 p$!$% "# '<r/in !"D$#$% p$r$ #$ r"$#i7$ci0n %" (n $c'
prc"!$# %" p$r'"; !" pr%(cir> #$ pr"c#(!i0n * !" p"r%"r> #$ pr'(ni%$% %"
r"$#i7$r "# $c' %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
13"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- E# !"cr"'$ri %")$r> cn!'$nci$ %" +ici %"# 'r$n!c(r! %"# p#$7 pr /"%i %"
%i#i."nci$ * $cr%$r> # :(" prc"%$; %$r> c("n'$ $# 'ri1(n$# $ +in %" :(" %ic'" #$
r"!#(ci0n :(" crr"!pn%$-
=- Tr$n!c(rri%! #! p#$7! )(%ici$#"!; #$ !"cr"'$r2$ %$r> $# "?p"%i"n'" "# c(r! :("
crr"!pn%$-
Co)etario*
L, +)73.&*9=8 ( 94+)())(:,A9.96,6 67 .(* +.,G(*< 7* &8( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* ?&7 98*+9),)(8 78
7. N&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< > @&7 +78*,6( +,), 7;9',) )7'),*(* 69.,'()9(* 988737*,)9(*
?&7 +&76,8 +(87) 78 +7.9:)( ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, 67 .(* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7* 67 .,*
+,)'7*.J
ART5CULO 38E-4 RESPONSABILIDADES-
L$ cn'r$,"nci0n $# n(/"r$# = %" #$ %i!p!ici0n $n'"rir; pr c(#p$ %" (n $(?i#i$r %$r>
#(.$r $ #$ i/p!ici0n %" (n$ /(#'$ %" /"%i $ (n !$#$ri /2ni/; !in p"r)(ici %" #$!
r"!pn!$1i#i%$%"! ci,i#"! * p"n$#"! "n :(" &$*$ p%i% inc(rrir-
Co)etariosL
R73()674(* ?&7 78 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06< 7. +)(37694978'( 39;9.< *7
67@987 3(4( 67 HB&*'939, )(:,6,I< +&7* '(6,* .,* ,3'&,39(87* 67. ')9A&8,. 7*',A,8 @&7)'7478'7
;983&.,6,* , .,* *(.939'&67* 67 .,* +,)'7*M +7)( 7*', 3(837+39=8 3,4A9, 8(',A.7478'7 3(8 7.
N&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< ?&7 A&*3, ., (@939(*96,6 67. T)9A&8,.< , @98 67 ,:9.9G,) .(*
B&939(*. E* 6739)< *7 '),', 67 7;9',) ?&7 .(* +)(37694978'(* ?&7678 +,),.9G,6(* 78 .(* B&G:,6(*
> ')9A&8,.7* *98 ?&7 *7 .7* 67 7. 94+&.*( +)(37*,. ,673&,6(. P)73.&*9=8 67. +.,G(< 94+&.*(
+)(37*,. > +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( 8( *7,8 'D)498(* 983(4+,'9A.7*. E. +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;(
*&+(87 7. 7B7)3939( 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 > ., 3(8:)&7839, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8. L, +)73.&*9=8 67.
+.,G( *&+(87 ?&7 7. +)(37*( 8( 7* )7;7)*9A.7 > ?&7 ., +,)'7 +7)69= *& (+()'&896,6 67 ,3&69)
,. +)(37*(. E. 94+&.*( +)(37*,. *&+(87 ?&7 7. 3&)*( 67. +)(37*( 8( *7 ?&76,)5 +,),.9G,6(
+() 67*,'7839=8 67. ')9A&8,.< *98( ?&7 '(6( 7*3)9'( ?&7 *7 +)7*78'7 > 67 '(6(* .(* +.,G(* ?&7
;78G,8 *7 6,)5 3&78', ,. B&7G > *7 +)(3767)5 , 94+&.*,) 7. 3&)*( 67 ., 3,&*,
L,* @,.',*< *&* *,839(87* > 7. +)(37694978'( +,), 94+(87).,* 67A78 7*',) 7*',A.7396(* 78 .,
L7> O):5893, 67 T)9A&8,.7*< ?&7 )7:&., ., ,3'9;96,6 B&6939,.< > 8( 78 7. C=69:( ?&7 *7
3(478',< +&7* 3(4( *7 (A*7);, 7. CPC< 8( 7*',A.737 &8 +)(37694978'( 3.,)( > 7@93,G +,), .,
,+.93,39=8 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(. A6745* ?&7 ., *,839=8 67A7)E, *7) 78 A,*7 ,. *,.,)9( ?&7
67;78:&7 7. 74+.7,6( 3&.+,A.7 67 ',. 98@),339=8< > *&+(87 ?&7 .(* A&F9.9,)7* 67A7)58
4,87B,) &8 3(8')(. +,), 3,6, &8( 67 .(* 7F+76978'7* ?&7 7*'D8 A,B( *& 3,):(M 7*'( (A.9:, ,
?&7 *7, 7. +)(+9( 67*+,3C(< 7. 783,):,6( 67 7.,A(),) .,* A,*7* 78 ?&7 *7 '),A,B,)5 +,), 6,)
3&4+.94978'( , 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< *9786( 8737*,)9( ?&7 7*', +)53'93, @()78*7 *7, &89@93,6, 78
&8(* K893(* 3)9'7)9(* 67 ,3'&,39=8.
13$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
SECCIÓN =O
IDIOMA
ART5CULO 38F-4 IDIOMA-
3- L! prc"!! !" !(!'$nci$r$n "n "# i%i/$ "!p$D#-
8- C($n% $#.(n$ p"r!n$ :(" n cn7c$ "# i%i/$ "!p$D# &(1i"!" %" !"r
in'"rr.$%$ pr"!'$r $#.(n$ %"c#$r$ci0n; c($n% +("r" pr"ci! %$r#" $ cnc"r
p"r!n$#/"n'" $#.(n$ r"!#(ci0n; "# 'ri1(n$# p%r> &$1i#i'$r c/ 'r$%(c'r $
p"r!n$ cnc"%r$ %"# i%i/$ #"n.($)" %" :(" !" 'r$'"; "?i.i<n%!"#" )(r$/"n'
pr/"!$ %" +i"# 'r$%(cci0n-
=- Si #$ p"r!n$ +("r" !r%/(%$ * !(pi"r$ #""r; !" "/p#"$r> #$ "!cri'(r$; * !i !(pi"r"
"!cri1ir; p%r> ,$#"r!" %" #$ "!cri'(r$- En "# c$! %" :(" n !"p$ #""r ni "!cri1ir; !"
n/1r$r> "# in'<rpr"'" $%"c($%-
@- D" #$! $c'($cin"! :(" "n "!'! c$!! !" pr$c'i:("n !" #",$n'$r> $c'$ !(cin'$; $ #$
:(" !" $%)(n'$r> #$ .r$1$ci0n; * :(" !"r> +ir/$%$ '$/1i<n pr "# in'<rpr"'"-
B- A '% %c(/"n' r"%$c'$% "n i%i/$ :(" n !"$ "# "!p$D#; !" $c/p$D$r> #$
'r$%(cci0n %"# /i!/; cn #! "+"c'! pr",i!'! "n #$ r".(#$ci0n %" #$ pr("1$
%c(/"n'$# pri,$%$ :(" "!'$1#"c" "!'" C0%i.-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 6 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93, > 45 67. C=69:( C9;9..J
Co)etario*
E8 ()678 , 3(4+.7',) 7*'7 +)737+'( +)(3767 )7,.9G,) .,* *9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
• E. @97. 3&4+.94978'( , ., 69*+(*939=8 )7:.,478',6, 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 6 67 .,
C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,< ?&7 67'7)498, 7. 7*+,-(. 3(4( 969(4, (@939,. 67 .,
R7+KA.93, 67 H(86&),*< > 45 67. C=69:( C9;9.< > ?&7 7*',A.737 7. 7*+,-(. 3(4(
969(4, .7:,..J
• A @98 67 *,.;,:&,)6,) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, %A)'. "2 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 .,
R7+KA.93,/< *7 A&*3,8 .(* 4D'(6(* ,673&,6(* +,), 3(4&893,)*7 3(8 ,?&7..,*
+7)*(8,* ?&7 8( C,A.,8 7*+,-(.< ( ?&7 '78:,8 +)(A.74,* +,), C,37)*7 78'7867) +()
;E, (),..
• S7)E, 3(8;78978'7 ?&7 .(* J&G:,6(* 3(8',),8 3(8 &8, .9*', 67 '),6&3'()7* (
98'D)+)7'7* 69*+&7*'(* , 3(.,A(),) 3(8 .(* T)9A&8,.7* 78 7*',* *9'&,39(87*< > *7
+,)737 ,673&,6( ., 7.,A(),39=8 67 7. .9*',6( 78 .(* 49*4(* 'D)498(* 67. 32$ 67.
CPC.J
• E* 8737*,)9( ?&7 ., +,)'7 98'7)7*,6, ,3(4+,-7 ., '),6&339=8 (@939,. ( +)9;,6,
,&'()9G,6, +)7;9,478'7 +() 7. J&7G< 67 '(6( ,?&7. 6(3&478'( )76,3',6( 78 969(4,
69*'98'( 67. 7*+,-(.< 7*', )76,339=8 7* *&*37+'9A.7 67 94+&:8,39=8 *974+)7 > 3&,86(
*7 67',..7 7*+73E@93,478'7 7. *&+&7*'( 67@73'(< +() .( ?&7 7. J&7G 67A7)5 8(4A),)
140
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
(')( '),6&3'() > *9 678(', 4,.939, 78 ., +)947), '),6&339=8 94+(86)5 &8, 4&.',.
%A)'. 233< 2"" CPC/.
SECCIÓN @O
FORMA
ART5CULO 38H-4 FORMA DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES-
3- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! :(" r"$#ic"n #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! * #$! p$r'"! "!'$r>n
!()"'! $# principi %" #".$#i%$% +r/$#-
8- L! r":(i!i'! +r/$#"! n(nc$ p%r>n in'"rpr"'$r!" %" /$n"r$ :(" !" cn,i"r'$n
"n (n$ 'r$1$ in!(p"r$1#" p$r$ "# $cc"! $ #$ )(!'ici$ %" #! ci(%$%$n!-
C/"n'$ri:
C(8 5894( 67 8( 78'()+737) ., ,+.93,39=8 67 ., B&*'939,< 7. .7:9*.,6() C, +)7;9*'( ?&7 .,*
+,)'7* +&76,8 *&A*,8,) .(* 67@73'(* & (49*9(87* 78 ?&7 983&)),8 ,. +)7*78',) &8, 674,86,.
%EB74+.(. A)'*. 426< 5"7 CPC/. S7 '),', 67 ,)4(89G,) 7. +)9839+9( 67 ., .7:,.96,6 +)(37*,.
3(8 7. +)9839+9( 67. 67)73C( 67 ,337*( , ., J&*'939,.
ART5CULO 3=I-4 ACTOS PROCESALES ESCRITOS-
3- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! :(" %" $c("r% cn "!'" C0%i. %"1$n r"$#i7$r!" pr "!cri' !"
$)(!'$r>n "n c($n' $ !( cn'"ni% $# "?i.i% pr #$ #"*; %"1i"n% !"r +ir/$%! pr
"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& pr #$ p$r'"; c($n% $:(<# n !"$ n"c"!$ri- D"1$) %"
#$ +ir/$ "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& #$ p$r'" %"1"r>n in%ic$r !( n/1r" c/p#"';
%"1i"n% (!$r "# pri/"r !( !"## pr+"!in$#-
8- Si #$ p$r'" n !$1" n p("%" +ir/$r; 1$!'$r> cn #$ i/pr"!i0n %" !( &("##$
%i.i'$#-4 Si "! "# A1.$% "# :(" "!'> i/p!i1i#i'$%; $%"/>! %"# !"## pr+"!in$#;
"!'$/p$r> !( &("##$ %i.i'$#-
=- L$! p$r'"! "!cri1ir>n !(! $c'! prc"!$#"! "n p$p"# c/9n '$/$D +ici-
@- L$! p$r'"! pr"!"n'$r>n $ !( c!'$ '$n'$! cpi$! !i/p#"! %" !(! "!cri'! $ c($n'$!
p"r!n$! cn!'i'(*$n #$ p$r'" cn'r$ri$-
B- L! $c'! %"# 'ri1(n$# c(/p#ir>n #$! +r/$#i%$%"! "?i.i%$! pr #$ #"*;
p$r'ic(#$r/"n'" "n # r"#$'i, $ #$! r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"! r".(#$%$! "n "!'"
C0%i.-
141
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C- E# "?p"%i"n'" !"r> +r/$% pr "# S"cr"'$ri; $ :(i"n crr"!pn%"r> !(
cn!"r,$ci0n * c(!'%i$; !$#, "# 'i"/p "n :(" "!'(,i"r" "n p%"r %"# )("7
/$.i!'r$%-
Co)etario*
E. 8&7;( +)(37*( 39;9. 7* +)76(498,8'7478'7 (),.< 7*'( ?&97)7 6739) ?&7 ., 4,>()E, 67 .(*
,3'(* +)(37*,.7* *7 )7,.9G,)58 67 7*', 4,87),M +7)( ., .7> +)7;D ., 7F9*'7839, 67 ,.:&8(* ,3'(*
7*3)9'(*< 7*'( 7* 8737*,)9(< > 67A7 3(8*',)< 78 7. 7F+76978'7 ?&7 *7 @()47 ,. 7@73'(< +,), 7.
3,*( 67 ., 674,86, %A)'. 424< 5"3< 5"4 CPC/< > ., 3(8'7*',39=8 %A)'. 433 CPC/.
L, 7F9:7839, 67. 8(4A)7 3(4+.7'( > ., @9)4, 67 ,?&7. ?&7 +)7*78'7 &8 7*3)9'(< 7* &8
7.7478'( .7:9'94,6()< 67 ?&7 .( 7*3)9'(< +)(3767 67 ?&978 .( *&*3)9A7< > ?&7 7* ., 7F+)7*9=8
67 *& ;(.&8',6.J C(8'),)9( ,. CPC 67 1$06< ., @9)4, 7* ,C(), &8 )7?&9*9'( @()4,. 67 .,
674,86,. V7) 424< 5"3 CPC. E8 '(6( 3,*( ., @,.', 67 3&4+.94978'( 67 7*'7 )7?&9*9'(< 67A7
67 *7) *&A*,8,A.7< +,), @,39.9',) 7. ,337*( , ., B&*'939, > +)(4(;7) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*,
%A)'. 20 CPC/.
ART5CULO 3=3-4 PROHIBICIÓN DE SECRETO-
3- L$! $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! n(nc$ p%r>n !"r !"cr"'$! p$r$ #$! p$r'"!; %"1i"n%
:("%$r .$r$n'i7$% !i"/pr" pr "# 'ri1(n$# "# "!'ric' c(/p#i/i"n' %"# principi
%" cn'r$%icci0n-
8- E# $cc"! %" '"rc"r! $ #! $c'! "!cri'! %"# prc"%i/i"n' ci,i# * $# "?p"%i"n'" "n
!( cn)(n'; !" p("%" r"$#i7$r cn+r/" $# %"r"c& %" in+r/$ci0n r".(#$% "n
"!'" C0%i.-
Co)etario*
E. 8&7;( +)(37*( 39;9. 7* +)76(498,8'7478'7 (),.< ,&8?&7 7..( 8( 7* 3(4+,'9A.7 3(8 .( ?&7
7* 8737*,)9, > ,673&,6, ., 7F9*'7839, 67 ,.:&8(* ,3'(* 7*3)9'(*< 3(4( ., 674,86, %A)'. 424<
5"3< 5"4 CPC/< > ., 3(8'7*',39=8 %A)'. 433 CPC/ L, 7F9:7839, 67. 8(4A)7 3(4+.7'( > .,
@9)4, 67 ,?&7. ?&7 +)7*78'7 &8 7*3)9'(< 7* &8 7.7478'( .7:9'94,6()< 67 ?&7 .( 7*3)9'(< +)(3767
67 ?&978 .( *&*3)9A7< > ?&7 7* ., 7F+)7*9=8 67 *& ;(.&8',6.J C(8'),)9( ,. CPC 67 1$06< .,
@9)4, 7* ,C(), &8 )7?&9*9'( @()4,. 67 ., 674,86,. V7) 424< 5"3 CPC. E8 '(6( 3,*( 7.
983&4+.94978'( 67 7*'7 )7?&9*9'(< 67A7 67 *7) *&A*,8,A.7< +,), @,39.9',) 7. ,337*( , ., B&*'939,
> +)(4(;7) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, %A)'. 20 CPC/
ART5CULO 3=8-4 ACTOS PROCESALES ORALES-
3- L$! p$r'"! &$n %" cncr"'$r !(! $#".$cin"! * pr1$r !1r" #$ c!$ #i'i.i!$
r$#/"n'" $n'" "# 'ri1(n$# c/p"'"n'" p$r$ %"ci%ir !1r" "##$-
8- L$ #"* %"'"r/in$ :(< $c'! %" $#".$ci0n * %" pr("1$ !"r>n r$#"! 1$) !$nci0n %"
n(#i%$%- Dic&! $c'! p("%"n !"r cnc"n'r$%! "n (n$ "n ,$ri$! $(%i"nci$!-
142
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 3==-4 INMEDIACIÓN DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES-
3- L! )("c"! * #! /$.i!'r$%! /i"/1r! %"# 'ri1(n$# :(" "!'<n cnci"n% %" (n
$!(n' pr"!"nci$r>n #$! %"c#$r$cin"! %" #$! p$r'"! * %" '"!'i.!; #! c$r"!; #$!
"?p!icin"!; "?p#ic$cin"! * r"!p("!'$! :(" &$*$n %" +r"c"r #! p"ri'! * #$ cr2'ic$
r$# %" !( %ic'$/"n; $!2 c/ c($#:(i"r 'r $c' %" pr("1$ :("; cn+r/" $ #
%i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.; %"1$ ##",$r!" $ c$1 cn'r$%ic'ri$ * p91#ic$/"n'"-
8- L$! $(%i"nci$! :(" '"n.$n pr 1)"' 2r $ #$! p$r'"! $n'"! %" %ic'$r (n$
r"!#(ci0n !" c"#"1r$r>n !i"/pr" $n'" "# )("7 #! /$.i!'r$%! in'".r$n'"! %"#
'ri1(n$# :(" cn7c$ %"# $!(n'-
=- L$ in+r$cci0n %" # %i!p("!' "n #! n(/"r$#"! $n'"rir"! %"'"r/in$r> #$ n(#i%$%
%" #$! crr"!pn%i"n'"! $c'($cin"!-
Co)etario*
L, 984769,39=8 K893,478'7 ,.3,8G, ., +)53'93, 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, ?&7 '97878 ?&7 *7)
;,.(),6(* +() 7. J&7G ?&7 693'7 ., *78'7839,< +&7*< 7*'7 *(.( +&767 3(8;7837)*7 67 .( ?&7 C,
;9*'( > 7*3&3C,6( 69)73',478'7.J E*', 7* &8, @&839=8 7F3.&*9;, 67. J&7G 67 +)947), 98*',839,<
3())7*+(867 ,. ')9A&8,. A6J?&74< )7;9*,) K893,478'7 ., 4('9;,39=8 > 7. ),G(8,4978'(
.=:93( 67. ,J?&(< *7-,.,86( 7. 7))() 78 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A,< *98 +(67) 3(8*967),) .,
3)769A9.96,6 67 &8 '7*'94(89( ( 673.,),39=8 )78696( ,8'7 (')( B&7G< +&7* ., +7)37+39=8 69)73',
67 ., +)&7A, ., '9787 7. 67 +)947), 98*',839,.J
ART5CULO 3=@-4 PUBLICIDAD DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES-
3- L$! $c'($cin"! %" pr("1$ * #$! $(%i"nci$! c(* 1)"' !"$ 2r $ #$! p$r'"! $n'"! %"
%ic'$r (n$ r"!#(ci0n !" pr$c'ic$r>n cn p(1#ici%$%-
8- L$! $c'($cin"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir p%r>n; n 1!'$n'";
c"#"1r$r!" $ p("r'$ c"rr$%$:
$) C($n% "## !"$ n"c"!$ri p$r$ #$ pr'"cci0n %" #$ !".(ri%$% n$cin$#; %"# r%"n
p91#ic %" #$ /r$#i%$%-
1) C($n% #! in'"r"!"! %" #! /"nr"! #$ pr'"cci0n %" #$ ,i%$ pri,$%$ %" #$!
p$r'"! * %" 'r! %"r"c&! * #i1"r'$%"! # "?i)$n-
c) C($n% $ )(ici pr(%"n'" %"# 'ri1(n$#; pr #$ cnc(rr"nci$ %" circ(n!'$nci$!
"!p"ci$#"!; #$ p(1#ici%$% p(%i"r$ p"r)(%ic$r $ #! in'"r"!"! %" #$ )(!'ici$-
=- An'"! %" $cr%$r #$ c"#"1r$ci0n $ p("r'$ c"rr$%$ %" c($#:(i"r $c'($ci0n; "#
'ri1(n$# ir> $ #$! p$r'"! :(" "!'(,i"r$n pr"!"n'"!- L$ r"!#(ci0n $%p'$r> #$
+r/$ %" $(' * cn'r$ "##$ n !" $%/i'ir> r"c(r! $#.(n-
143
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- L$! %"#i1"r$cin"! %" #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! c#".i$%! !n !"cr"'$!- T$/1i<n
# !"r> "# r"!(#'$% %" #$! ,'$cin"!; !in p"r)(ici %" # %i!p("!' pr #$ #"* !1r"
p(1#ici%$% %" #! ,'! p$r'ic(#$r"!-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 17< 1"< 1$ 67 ., L7> 67 T),8*+,)7839, > A337*( , ., I8@()4,39=8 PKA.93,.

Co)etario*
E8'78696( 7* ?&7 ., +&A.9396,6 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*< A&*3, 78 +)947) .&:,) ., +)('7339=8
67 .,* +,)'7*< @)78'7 , .(* ')9A&8,.7* > 78 *7:&86( .&:,) *(*'787) ., 3)769A9.96,6 67 .(*
')9A&8,.7* @)78'7 , .,* +,)'7*.J P() 7..(< 7*', 4(6,.96,6 67. N&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.<
7*+73E@93,478'7 67. +)(37*( %ORALIDAD/ *&+(87 ., ,:9.9G,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(*M *98
47)4,) 78 .( 4,* 4E894(< 898:&8( 67 .(* 67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* 67 .,* +,)'7*< 7* 6739)
?&7< B,45* *7 ,8'7+(86)5 7. +)9839+9( 67 37.7)96,6 3(8 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*,< +&7* 7*'(
'),7)E, 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, &8 +)(37*( ;939,6( ?&7 78 8,6, 3(8')9A&9)E, , ., ,64989*'),39=8
67 B&*'939,. S98 74A,):(< 7. 3(837+'( 67 (),.96,6 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9. *&+(87 78 :),8 47696,
&8 3,4A9( 78 ., @()4, 67 ,64989*'),) B&*'939, 7 94+.93, &8 3(4+)(49*( 67. J&7G ,8'7 .,*
+,)'7* > *&* ,A(:,6(*.J A)'. 15 > 17 CPC.
E*', 69*+(*939=8< 78 ,+.93,39=8 67. +)9839+9( 67 984769,39=8< > *& 98@),339=8 8( *(.(
,3,))7,), ., 8&.96,6 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* *98( 67A7 +)7;7)*7 78 ., L7> 67 T)9A&8,.7*
3())7*+(86978'7< ., *,839=8 ,. J&7G ( M,:9*'),6( ?&7 3(8'),;78:, .( 69*+&7*'( 78 7*'7
,)'E3&.(.J L, ,3'&,. L7> 67 ., C,))7), J&6939,.< 67@987 7*', *9'&,39=8 3(4( &8 ,3'( 3(8'),)9( ,
., ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,<. %A)'. 122 CPC/.
E8 .(* +)(37*(* 8( 69*+(*9'9;(*< 7. 3=69:( 7*',A.737 3.,),478'7 ?&7 .,* ,&697839,* *7
37.7A)78 , +&7)', 37)),6,< ?&7 .,* ,3'&,39(87* *7,8 )7*7);,6,*< ,3&7)6( ?&7 +&767 *7) ,
*(.939'&6 67 +,)'7 ( 983.&*( 67 (@939( +() 7. J&7G< *98 (.;96,) 7. J&7G< ?&7 ,8'7* 67 '(4,) &8,
6739*9=8 ,. )7*+73'( 67A7 7*3&3C,) , .,* +,)'7*< 7*'( 3(8 7. @98 67 3(8')(.,) .(* ,3'(* 67.
')9A&8,.. %A)'. 635 CPC/
CAP5TULO II
ACTOS DE COMUNICACIÓN
ART5CULO 3=B-4 CLASES-
E# 'ri1(n$# !" c/(nic$r> cn #$! p$r'"!; cn #! '"rc"r! * cn #$! $('ri%$%"!;
/"%i$n'" #$ ('i#i7$ci0n %" #! !i.(i"n'"! in!'r(/"n'!:
3- N'i+ic$cin"!; c($n% '"n.$n pr 1)"' %$r n'ici$ %" (n$ r"!#(ci0n; %i#i."nci$
$c'($ci0n-
8- E/p#$7$/i"n'!; p$r$ p"r!n$r!" * p$r$ $c'($r %"n'r %" (n p#$7-
=- Ci'$cin"!; c($n% %"'"r/in"n #(.$r; +"c&$ * &r$ p$r$ c/p$r"c"r * $c'($r-
144
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- R":("ri/i"n'! p$r$ r%"n$r; cn+r/" $ #$ #"*; (n$ cn%(c'$ in$c'i,i%$%-
B- M$n%$/i"n'!; p$r$ r%"n$r "# #i1r$/i"n' %" c"r'i+ic$cin"! '"!'i/ni! * #$
pr>c'ic$ %" c($#:(i"r $c'($ci0n c(*$ ")"c(ci0n crr"!pn%$ $ r".i!'r$%r"!;
crr"%r"! %" c/"rci; $ +(ncin$ri! %"# 'ri1(n$#-
C- O+ici!; p$r$ #$! c/(nic$cin"! cn $('ri%$%"! n )(%ici$#"! * +(ncin$ri!
%i!'in'! %" #! /"ncin$%! "n "# n9/"r $n'"rir-
Co)etario*
L(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 :,),8'9G,8 &8 B&939( *98 9867@78*9=8< +&7* +7)49'78 ?&7 '(6,
,?&7.., +7)*(8, ?&7 67A, 98'7);789) 78 &8 +)(37*( 67@9786, *&* 67)73C(* 7 98'7)7*7*
.7:E'94(*< *,.;( ?&7< 7*', +7)*(8, , +7*,) 67 ., )7,.9G,39=8 67. ,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8
+7)4,87G3, +,*9;, +() 6739*9=8 +)(+9, 3(.(3586(*7 78 &8 7*',6( 67 67*;78',B, @)78'7 , *&
3(8'786().J
,/ L,* 8('9@93,39(87*< *7 )7,.9G,)58 78 7. 49*4( 6E, ( ,. *9:&978'7 67 *& @73C, ( +&A.93,39=8<
> *7 C,)58 , .,* +,)'7* 67. +)(37*( > , *&B7'(* ?&7 8( .( *(8 %'7)37)(*/ 78 ,?&7..(* 3,*(*
+)7;9*'(* 78 ., .7>. I83.&*(< *7 8('9@93,)5 ., +7867839, 67. +)(37*( , .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7< *7:K8
7. 49*4( 7F+76978'7< +&76,8 ;7)*7 ,@73',6,* +() ., *78'7839, ?&7 78 *& 4(478'( *7 693',)5.J
E8 7*'7 '9+( 67 ,3'(* 8( *7 3(8*9:8,)5 )7*+&7*', ,.:&8, 67. 8('9@93,6(.J
A/ L(* 74+.,G,4978'(*L 8( *7 3(8*9:8,)5 )7*+&7*', ,.:&8,< *,.;( ?&7 ,*E *7 4,867.J
3/ L,* 39',39(87*L 8( 7* ,649*9A.7 )7*+&7*', ,.:&8, 67. 8('9@93,6(< *,.;( ?&7 ,*E *7 C,>,
4,86,6(.J
6/ R7?&7)94978'(*. E8 7*'7 '9+( 67 3(4&893,39(87* *7 ,649'9)5 ., )7*+&7*', ?&7 67 D.
)7?&7)96(< 3(8*9:8586(., *&398',478'7 78 ., 69.9:7839,.
E8 ., ,3'&,.96,6 *7 &'9.9G, 3(4( 4769( 67 3(4&893,39=8 78')7 .,* ,&'()96,67* B&6939,.7* 3(8
,?&7..,* ?&7 8( .( *(8< .,* ..,4,6,* HC(4&893,39(87*I< ..7:,86( , ., 3(83.&*9=8 67 ?&7
7*',* C,8 *96( 4,. &'9.9G,6,*< +&7* 983.&*( 7. CPC 67 1$06< .,* +7)49'E, 78')7 J&G:,6(*< 8(
3(8 .(* R7:9*')(* & ('),* I8*'9'&39(87* PKA.93,*< ,&8?&7 ',4+(3( )7*')98:7 *& &*( 3(8 (')(
'9+( 67 98*'9'&39=8 :&A7)8,478',. ',. 3(4( *7 C, +)(8&839,6( ., C()'7 S7:&86, 67
A+7.,39(87* 67 1),839*3( M(),G58M +7)( 7. N&7;( C=69:( 67B, 3.,),478'7 7*',A.7396( ?&7
7. 4769( 67 3(4&893,39=8 *7)58 .(* M,86,4978'(* ( .(* O@939(*< *7:K8 *7, 7. 3,*( 3(8@()47
,. A)'. 135 CPC.
ART5CULO 3=C-4 NOTIFICACIÓN DE RESOLUCIONES-
3- L$! r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"! !" n'i+ic$r>n $ '%! #! :(" !"$n p$r'" "n "# prc"!-
8- L$ pri/"r$ c/(nic$ci0n !" r".(#$r> pr #$! %i!p!icin"! %" #! $r'2c(#!
!i.(i"n'"!- L$ !".(n%$ * %"/>! c/(nic$cin"! $ #$! /i!/$! p$r'"! * '"rc"r! !"
"+"c'($r>n "n "# %/ici#i #(.$r "n :(" '(, <?i' #$ pri/"r$ %" "##$!-
145
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- L! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! '$/1i<n n'i+ic$r>n "# prc"! p"n%i"n'" $ #$! p"r!n$!
:("; !".9n "# /i!/ "?p"%i"n'"; p("%$n ,"r!" $+"c'$%$! pr #$ !"n'"nci$ :(" "n !(
//"n' !" %ic'$r"; $!2 c/ $ #! '"rc"r! "n #! c$!! pr",i!'! pr "!'$ #"*-
@- T%$! #$! r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"! !" n'i+ic$r>n "n "# /i!/ %2$ $# !i.(i"n'" %" !(
+"c&$ p(1#ic$ci0n-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 634 67. C=69:( 67 C(47)39(< 163$< 2141 67. C=69:( 67 C9;9..
Co)etario*
A @98 67 *,.;,:&,)6,) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 7;9',) 3(8 7..( 9867@78*9=8< 7. .7:9*.,6() )7:&.,
., (A.9:,'()976,6 67 8('9@93,) ., 674,86, , '(6,* ,?&7..,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 +&76,8 ;7)*7
,@73',6,* 3(8 7. 693',6( 67 ., *78'7839,. E* 94+()',8'7 3(8*',',)*7 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* '97878 .,
(A.9:,39=8 67 +)(+()39(8,) .(* 6,'(* 8737*,)9(* +,), 7. 74+.,G,4978'( 67 '7)37)(*
.9'9*3(8*()'7*< *98 ,@73',) 7. 3&)*( 67. +)(37*(. %A)'*. 6$< 77< 7" 67. CPC/. A.:&8(* 7B74+.(*
67 (A.9:,'()976,6 67 ., .7>< +,), .,* 8('9@93,39(87* 78 )7.,39=8 , '7)37)(* *(8 .(* *9:&978'7*L
A)'. 406< 437< 6$0< 750< "45< "$0 CPC.J
ART5CULO 3=E-4 FORMA DE LA COMUNICACIÓN-
3- L! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n !" r"$#i7$r>n 1$) #$ %ir"cci0n %"# !"cr"'$ri; :(" !"r>
"# r"!pn!$1#" %" #$ $%"c($%$ r.$ni7$ci0n %"# !"r,ici- T$#"! $c'! !" "+"c'($r>n
"n $#.(n$ %" #$! +r/$! !i.(i"n'"!; !".9n %i!pn.$ "!'" C0%i.:
$) A 'r$,<! %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; "n +(ncin"! %" r"pr"!"n'$n'" prc"!$#;
'r$'>n%!" %" c/(nic$cin"! $ :(i"n"! "!'<n p"r!n$%! "n "# prc"! cn
r"pr"!"n'$ci0n %" $:(<#-
1) R"/i!i0n %" # :(" &$*$ %" c/(nic$r!" /"%i$n'" crr" "#"c'r0nic; p!'$#;
'"#".r$/$; +$?; c($#:(i"r 'r /"%i '<cnic :(" p"r/i'$ %")$r "n "# "?p"%i"n'"
cn!'$nci$ +"&$ci"n'" %" #$ r"c"pci0n; %" !( +"c&$ * %"# cn'"ni% %" #
c/(nic$%-
c) En'r".$ $# %"!'in$'$ri %" cpi$ #i'"r$# %" #$ r"!#(ci0n :(" !" #" &$*$ %"
n'i+ic$r; %"# r":("ri/i"n' :(" "# 'ri1(n$# #" %iri)$ %" #$ c<%(#$ %" ci'$ci0n
"/p#$7$/i"n'-
8- L$ c<%(#$ "?pr"!$r> "# 'ri1(n$# :(" &(1i"!" %ic'$% #$ r"!#(ci0n; * "# #i'i.i "n
:(" &$*$ r"c$2%; "# n/1r" * $p"##i%! %" #$ p"r!n$ $ :(i"n !" &$.$ #$ ci'$ci0n
"/p#$7$/i"n'; "# 1)"' %" <!'! * "# #(.$r; +"c&$; %2$ * &r$ "n :(" %"1$
c/p$r"c"r "# ci'$%; "# p#$7 %"n'r %"# c($# %"1$ r"$#i7$r!" #$ $c'($ci0n $ :("
146
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
!" r"+i"r$ "# "/p#$7$/i"n'; cn #$ pr","nci0n %" #! "+"c'! :("; "n c$%$ c$!; #$
#"* "!'$1#"7c$-
=- En #$! n'i+ic$cin"!; ci'$cin"! * "/p#$7$/i"n'! n !" $%/i'ir> ni cn!i.n$r>
r"!p("!'$ $#.(n$ %"# in'"r"!$%; $ n !"r :(" $!2 !" &(1i"r$ /$n%$%- En #!
r":("ri/i"n'! !" $%/i'ir> #$ r"!p("!'$ :(" %< "# r":("ri%; cn!i.n>n%#$
!(cin'$/"n'" "n #$ %i#i."nci$-
Co)etario*
E*'(* 4769(* 8(;76(*(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7>< *(8 ,3()67* , ., 967, 67
,:9.9G,39=8 67. +)(37*(< 67B,86( ,A97)', ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 78 7. @&'&)( *&)B,8 8&7;(*
4769(* +,), ,'7867) .,* 8('9@93,39(87*< 3(4( *7 67)9;, 67. A)'. 143 CPC. S7 78'97867 ?&7
.,* 8('9@93,39(87* 67A78 *7) +7)*(8,.478'7< >, *7, 78 ., 3,*, 67 C,A9',39=8< 78 *& .&:,) 67
'),A,B(< 78 ., ;E, +KA.93,< ( A978 78 &8 7*',A.7394978'( +KA.93(< +&7* .( 94+()',8'7 7* .,
)737+39=8 67. 6(3&478'( +() +,)'7 67. 8('9@93,6(.J
ART5CULO 3=F-4 COMUNICACIÓN AL PROFESIONAL DEL DERECHO DE LA
PARTE-
3- L$ c/(nic$ci0n cn #$! p$r'"! p"r!n$%$! "n "# )(ici !" &$r> $ 'r$,<! %" !(
r"pr"!"n'$n'" prc"!$#; :(i"n +ir/$r> #$! n'i+ic$cin"!; "/p#$7$/i"n'!;
ci'$cin"! * r":("ri/i"n'! %" '%$! c#$!"! :(" %"1$n &$c"r!" $ !( p%"r%$n'" "n
"# c(r! %"# p#"i'; inc#(! #$! %" !"n'"nci$! * #$! :(" '"n.$n pr 1)"' $#.(n$
$c'($ci0n :(" %"1$ r"$#i7$r p"r!n$#/"n'" "# p%"r%$n'"-
8- L$ c/(nic$ci0n !" %iri.ir> $# %/ici#i pr+"!in$# %"!i.n$% "n #! pri/"r!
"!cri'! %" #$! p$r'"!; pr c($#:(i"r$ %" #! /"%i! pr",i!'! pr "!'" C0%i.-
ART5CULO 3=H-4 COMUNICACIONES DIRECTAS A LAS PARTES-
3- C($n% #$! p$r'"! n '"n.$n pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& !" 'r$'" %"# pri/"r
"/p#$7$/i"n' ci'$ci0n $# %"/$n%$%; #! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n !" &$r>n pr
r"/i!i0n $# %/ici#i %" #$! p$r'"!-
8- E# %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$n'" !"r> "# :(" &$*$ &"c& cn!'$r "n #$ %"/$n%$ "n #$
p"'ici0n !#ici'(% cn :(" !" inici" "# prc"!- A!i/i!/; "# %"/$n%$n'"
%"!i.n$r>; c/ %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$%; $ "+"c'! %"# pri/"r "/p#$7$/i"n'
ci'$ci0n %" <!'"; (n ,$ri! %" #! #(.$r"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# $r'2c(# !i.(i"n'"- Si
"# %"/$n%$n'" %"!i.n$r" ,$ri! #(.$r"! c/ %/ici#i; in%ic$r> "# r%"n pr "#
:("; $ !( "n'"n%"r; p("%" "+"c'($r!" cn <?i' #$ c/(nic$ci0n-
147
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- A!i/i!/; "# %"/$n%$n'" %"1"r> in%ic$r c($n'! %$'! cn7c$ %"# %"/$n%$% *
:(" p("%$n !"r %" ('i#i%$% p$r$ #$ #c$#i7$ci0n %" <!'"; c/ n9/"r! %" '"#<+n;
%" +$? !i/i#$r"!-
@- E# %"/$n%$%; (n$ ,"7 c/p$r"ci%; p%r> %"!i.n$r; p$r$ !(c"!i,$!
c/(nic$cin"!; (n %/ici#i %i!'in'-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.( 24$ LOAT
Co)etario*
L, 3(4&893,39=8 4769,8'7 78')7:,< +)(3767 +,), 7@73'&,) .(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 45*
)7.7;,8'7*< > 4&> 7*+739,.478'7 +,), )7,.9G,) ., 39',39=8 ( 7. 74+.,G,4978'( 98939,.. E*
6739)< ?&7 *& &*( 7* +)739*( 3&,86( *7 C,37 8737*,)9, ., 98'7);7839=8 +7)*(8,. 67 ., +,)'7 78
7. B&939(.J S7)5 (A.9:,39=8 67. 674,86,8'7< +)(+()39(8,) '(6(* .(* 6,'(* +(*9A.7*< +,), .,
.(3,.9G,39=8 67. 674,86,6(M > &8, ;7G +7)*(8,6( 78 B&939(< 7. 674,86,6(< +(6)5 67*9:8,) ,
*& ,+(67),6( ( 7. 4769( 67 3(4&893,39=8 +() )749*9=8 ?&7 67*7, *7 &'9.937. E*'( *&+(87 ?&7
7* ., +,)'7 49*4,< ., ?&7 67*9:8, 7. 4769( ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 &'9.9G,) +,), 3(4&893,) .,*
)7*(.&39(87* 749'96,*< , @98 67 :,),8'9G,) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 67 .,* +,)'7*M )73()6,86( ?&7
67A7 ?&76,) 67A96,478'7 ,3)769',6, ., )737+39=8 67 ., 3(4&893,39=8< 78 7. 7F+76978'7
49*4(. E8'7869786( ?&7 3&,86( 7F9*', &8 +)(3&),6() 67A96,478'7 8(4A),6( 78 B&939(<
'(6(* ,?&7..(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8< +(6)58 )73,7) 78 D.< 3(4( *9 @&7), ., +,)'7 49*4,.J
ART5CULO 3@I-4 DESIGNACIÓN DE DOMICILIO-
3- A "+"c'! %" $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n; p%r> %"!i.n$r!" c/ %/ici#i "# :("
$p$r"7c$ "n r".i!'r! +ici$#"! c/ %/ici#i pri,$%; !"$ "n prpi"%$% c/
$rr"n%$'$ri; pr+"!in$#- T$/1i<n p%r> %"!i.n$r!" c/ %/ici#i; $ #!
r"+"ri%! "+"c'!; "# #(.$r "n :(" !" %"!$rr##" $c'i,i%$% pr+"!in$# #$1r$# n
c$!in$#-
8- Si #$! p$r'"! n "!'(,i"!"n r"pr"!"n'$%$! pr pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; #$!
c/(nic$cin"! "+"c'($%$! "n c($#:(i"r$ %" #! #(.$r"! pr",i!'! "n "# n(/"r$#
$n'"rir; :(" !" &$*$n %"!i.n$% c/ %/ici#i!; !(r'ir>n p#"n! "+"c'! "n
c($n' !" $cr"%i'" #$ crr"c'$ r"/i!i0n %" # :(" &$*$ %" c/(nic$r!" * cn!'" !(
r"c"pci0n pr "# %"!'in$'$ri-
=- Si #$ c/(nic$ci0n '(,i"!" pr 1)"' "# p"r!n$/i"n' "n )(ici #$ r"$#i7$ci0n
in'"r,"nci0n p"r!n$# %" #$! p$r'"! "n %"'"r/in$%$! $c'($cin"! prc"!$#"! * n
cn!'$r" #$ r"c"pci0n pr "# in'"r"!$%; !" "!'$r> $ # %i!p("!' p$r$ #$
c/(nic$ci0n !(1!i%i$ri$ pr /"%i %" "n'r".$ %" cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n c<%(#$-
14"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- C($n% #$! p$r'"! c$/1i$!"n !( %/ici#i %(r$n'" #$ !(!'$nci$ci0n %"# prc"!; #
c/(nic$r>n in/"%i$'$/"n'" $# 'ri1(n$#- A!i/i!/ %"1"r>n c/(nic$r #!
c$/1i! r"#$'i,! $ !( n9/"r %" '"#<+n; +$? !i/i#$r"!; !i"/pr" :(" "!'!
9#'i/! "!'<n !i"n% ('i#i7$%! c/ in!'r(/"n'! %" c/(nic$ci0n cn "# 'ri1(n$#-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 60 > S*. C=69:( C9;9.
Co)etario*
P)(3767 )73()6,) ?&7 7. C=69:( C9;9.< 78 *&* ,)'E3&.(* 60 > **.< 67'7)498, 7. 6(4939.9( 3(4(
7. .&:,) 6(867 &8, +7)*(8, '9787 *& )7*967839, C,A9'&,.< +7)( ,3.,), .,* 69*'98',*
39)3&8*',839,* ?&7 +(6)E,8 6,)*7 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 7. 6(4939.9( 67 .,* +7)*(8,*. D7 '(6,*
@()4,* 7. CPC< 67'7)498, ?&7 +&767 67*9:8,)*7 3(4( 6(4939.9(< , .(* )7@7)96(* 7@73'(*< 7.
.&:,) 78 ?&7 *7 67*,))(..7 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(@7*9(8,. ( .,A(),. 8( (3,*9(8,.< ,4+.9,86( ,&8 4,*
.,* +(*9A9.96,67* ?&7 7*',A.737 7. C=69:( C9;9.. S9786( (A.9:,'()9( ?&7 ., +,)'7 ?&7 3,4A97
67 6(4939.9(< .( 8('9@9?&7 67 984769,'( ,. T)9A&8,.< ,*E 3(4( .(* )7.,'9;(* ,. '7.D@(8(< @,F (
*949.,)7* 3&,86( 7*'7 *7, 7. 4769( 67 3(4&893,39=8 3(8 7. ')9A&8,..
ART5CULO 3@3-4 AVERIGUACIÓN DEL DOMICILIO-
3- En #! c$!! "n :(" "# %"/$n%$n'" /$ni+"!'$r" :(" #" "! i/p!i1#" %"!i.n$r (n
%/ici#i r"!i%"nci$ %"# %"/$n%$%; $ "+"c'! %" !( p"r!n$/i"n'; !" ('i#i7$r>n
#! /"%i! pr'(n! p$r$ $,"ri.($r "!$! circ(n!'$nci$!; p(%i"n% %iri.ir!"; "n !(
c$!; $ r".i!'r! +ici$#"!; r.$ni!/!; c#".i! pr+"!in$#"!; "n'i%$%"! * "/pr"!$!
:(" p("%$n %$r in+r/$ci0n !1r" "##-
8- Si "!'$! $,"ri.($cin"! r"!(#'$r"n in+r(c'(!$!; #$ c/(nic$ci0n !" ##",$r> $ c$1
/"%i$n'" "%ic'!-
Co)etario*
D7*',3, 7. 98'7)D* 67. .7:9*.,6() +() :,),8'9G,) ., 7@73'9;96,6 67. primer acto de
com!nicación< 6,6, *& 7*')73C, > 69)73', )7.,39=8 3(8 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 67 .,* +,)'7*M >
7*'( 8( *=.( +() ., 3,):, 7F9:96, ,. 674,86,8'7 67 *7-,.,) &8( ( ;,)9(* 6(4939.9(* 6(867
74+.,G,) 67 4,87), 7@73'9;, ,. 674,86,6( %A)'. 13$.2 CPC/< ( +() 7. 3(8*9:&978'7 67A7) 67
,;7)9:&,39=8 67. ')9A&8,.< 3&,86( ,. ,3'() .7 *7, 94+(*9A.7 C,37) ',. 67*9:8,39=8 %A)'. 141
CPC/. T,4A9D8 *7 (A*7);, 7*, +)7(3&+,39=8 .7:,. 78 7. C73C( 67 ?&7 7F9B,< 78 ',.7* ,3'(*<
?&7 ., 3(4&893,39=8 *7 +),3'9?&7 67. 4(6( 45* *7:&)( 78 ()678 , ., )737+39=8< 7*'( 7*<
4769,8'7 78')7:, +7)*(8,. %A)'. 144 CPH/< ,*E 3(4( 78 ., )7:&.,39=8 ',8 67',..,6, ?&7 C,37
67 7*', @()4, 67 8('9@93,39=8 %A)'. 144/. S98 74A,):( *7 +7)49'7< 78 K.'94( .&:,)< .,
3(4&893,39=8 4769,8'7 7693'(* %A)'. 146/M .( ?&7 +(87 67 4,89@97*'( 7. 3,)53'7) *&A*969,)9(<
7F37+39(8,. > 67 *=.( 3(4( K.'94( )73&)*( ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ,3&69) , ., 39',39=8 7693',..
14$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 3@8-4 COMUNICACIONES CON TERCEROS-
3- L$! c/(nic$cin"! :(" %"1$n &$c"r!" $ '"!'i.!; p"ri'! * 'r$! p"r!n$! :("; !in
!"r p$r'" "n "# )(ici; %"1$n in'"r,"nir "n <#; !" r"/i'ir>n $ !(! %"!'in$'$ri! pr
$#.(n %" #! /"%i! pr",i!'! "n "# $r'2c(# !i.(i"n'"- L$ c/(nic$ci0n !" r"/i'ir>
$# %/ici#i :(" %"!i.n" #$ p$r'" in'"r"!$%$; p(%i"n% r"$#i7$r!"; "n !( c$!; #$!
$,"ri.($cin"! %/ici#i$ri$! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "!'$ #"*-
8- C($n% cn!'" "n "# "?p"%i"n'" "# +r$c$! %" #$ c/(nic$ci0n /"%i$n'" r"/i!i0n;
#$! circ(n!'$nci$! %"# c$! # $cn!")"n; $'"n%i%! "# 1)"' %" #$ c/(nic$ci0n * #$
n$'(r$#"7$ %" #$! $c'($cin"! :(" %" "##$ %"p"n%$n; "# 'ri1(n$# p%r> r%"n$r :("
!" prc"%$ cn $rr".# $ # %i!p("!' p$r$ #$ c/(nic$ci0n !(1!i%i$ri$ pr /"%i
%" "n'r".$ %" cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n c<%(#$-
=- L$! p"r!n$! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "!'" $r'2c(# %"1"r>n c/(nic$r $# 'ri1(n$# c($#:(i"r
c$/1i %" %/ici#i :(" !" pr%(7c$ %(r$n'" #$ !(!'$nci$ci0n %"# prc"!- En #$
pri/"r$ c/p$r"c"nci$ :(" "+"c'9"n !" #"! in+r/$r> %" "!'$ 1#i.$ci0n-
Co)etario*
S7 )7@97)7 7*'7 +)737+'( , ., 39',39=8 67 .(* '"!'i.! %+7)*(8, ?&7 '9787 8('939, 67 C73C(*
3(8')(;7)'96(* )7.,'9;(* , .( ?&7 *7, (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< A)'. 2$3/< 67 .(* p"ri'! %+7)*(8,
?&7 ;,.(), .(* C73C(* ( 39)3&8*',839,* )7.7;,8'7* 78 7. ,*&8'( ( +,), ,6?&9)9) 37)'7G, *(A)7
7..(*< *7 )7?&97),8 3(8(394978'( 3978'E@93(*< ,)'E*'93(* 'D3893(*< '738(.=:93(*< +)53'93(* &
(')(* ,85.(:(* A)'. 315/M 67. T"!'i.4P"ri' %+7)*(8, ?&7 +(*7, 3(8(394978'(*< 3978'E@93(*<
,)'E*'93(* ( +)53'93(* *(A)7 ., 4,'7)9, , ?&7 *7 )7@97),8 .(* C73C(* 67. 98'7))(:,'()9(< A)'.
303/< > $:("##$! p"r!n$! :(" !in !"r p$r'" "n "# )(ici; %"1"n in'"r,"nir "n "#
/i!/ %C&,86( *(8 )7?&7)96(* +,), ., 7FC9A939=8 67 6(3&478'(* 67 *& +)(+976,6 3&,86(<
+7696,< +() &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*< 7. T)9A&8,. 78'9786, ?&7 *& ,+()',39=8 > 3(8(394978'( )7*&.',
'),*378678'7 +,), 693',) *78'7839, 67 @(86(< A)'. 2"3.1P/< 78'7869D86(*7 ?&7 7. '7)37)( ?&7
,3'K7 78 7. +)(37*( '9787 ., (A.9:,39=8 67 3(4&893,) ,. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 3&,.?&97)
3,4A9( 67 6(4939.9(.J
ART5CULO 3@=-4 REMISIÓN DE LAS COMUNICACIONES POR CORREO
ELECTRÓNICO; FAM; MENSAJERO PRIVADO O CORREO ORDINARIO-
3- C($n% prc"%$ #$ r"/i!i0n %" #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n %" #$ c<%(#$ pr crr"
"#"c'r0nic; +$?; /"n!$)"r pri,$%; crr" r%in$ri c"r'i+ic$%; inc#(! pr
'"#".r$/$ cn $c(!" %" r"ci1; pr c($#:(i"r 'r /"%i %" c/(nic$ci0n :("
p"r/i'$ %")$r "n "# "?p"%i"n'" cn!'$nci$ +"&$ci"n'" %" &$1"r!" r"ci1i% #$
n'i+ic$ci0n; %" #$ +"c&$ %" #$ r"c"pci0n; * %" !( cn'"ni%; "# !"cr"'$ri %$r> +" "n
"# "?p"%i"n'" %" #$ r"/i!i0n * %"# cn'"ni% %" # r"/i'i%; * (nir> $ $:(<##!; "n !(
c$!; "# $c(!" %" r"ci1 "# /"%i $ 'r$,<! %"# c($# :("%" cn!'$nci$ %" #$
r"c"pci0n-
150
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- A in!'$nci$ %" p$r'" * $ c!'$ %" :(i"n # !#ici'"; p%r> r%"n$r!" :(" #$ r"/i!i0n
!" &$.$ %" /$n"r$ !i/(#'>n"$ $ ,$ri! #(.$r"!-
=- L$! p$r'"! * #! pr+"!in$#"! :(" in'"r,"n.$n "n "# prc"! %"1"r>n c/(nic$r $#
'ri1(n$# "# &"c& %" %i!pn"r %" #! /"%i! $n'"! in%ic$%! * !( %ir"cci0n-
@- C($n% "# %"!'in$'$ri '(,i"r" !( %/ici#i "n "# %"p$r'$/"n' circ(n!cripci0n
"n %n%" r$%i:(" #$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$#; * n !" 'r$'" %" c/(nic$cin"! %" #$! :("
%"p"n%$ "# p"r!n$/i"n' #$ r"$#i7$ci0n in'"r,"nci0n p"r!n$# "n #$!
$c'($cin"!; p%r> r"/i'ir!"; pr c($#:(i"r$ %" #! /"%i! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "#
n(/"r$# 3; c<%(#$ %" "/p#$7$/i"n' p$r$ :(" "# %"!'in$'$ri c/p$r"7c$ "n %ic&$
!"%" $ "+"c'! %" !"r n'i+ic$% r":("ri% %" "n'r".>r!"#" cpi$ %" $#.9n "!cri'-
B- L$ c<%(#$ "?pr"!$r> cn #$ %"1i%$ pr"ci!i0n "# 1)"' p$r$ "# :(" !" r":(i"r" #$
c/p$r"c"nci$ %"# "/p#$7$%; in%ic$n% "# prc"%i/i"n' * "# $!(n' $ :(" !"
r"+i"r"; cn #$ $%,"r'"nci$ %" :("; !i n c/p$r"c" !in c$(!$ )(!'i+ic$%$ %"n'r %"#
p#$7 !"D$#$%; !" '"n%r> pr &"c&$ #$ c/(nic$ci0n %" :(" !" 'r$'" pr
"+"c'($% "# 'r$!#$%-
Co)etario*
E8 7*'7 ,)'E3&.( *7 )7:.,478', ,673&,6,478'7 7. &*( 67 4769(* 'D3893(* +,), ..7;,) , ,3,A(
,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 67. T)9A&8,. 3(8 .,* +,)'7* ( ?&9787* .7* )7+)7*78'7*. E* 94+()',8'7
67*',3,) ., 94+()',839, 67 ?&7 *7,8 .,* +,)'7* ?&9787* 67*9:878 3(8 3.,)96,6 ., 69*+(*939=8
67 7*'(* 4769(* > *& 69)7339=8M +&7* 67A78 67 7;9',)*7 ;9(.,39=8 ,.:&8, , :,),8'E,*
3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*< > +() *&+&7*'( ., (A.9:,39=8 67. S73)7',)9( 67 6,) @7 > 67B,) 3(8*',839, 78
7. 7F+76978'7 67 ., )737+39=8 > 67. 3(8'7896( 67 ., 3(4&893,39=8.
ART5CULO 3@@-4 COMUNICACIÓN SUBSIDIARIA POR MEDIO DE ENTREGA
DE COPIA DE LA RESOLUCIÓN O DE CNDULA-
3- L$ "n'r".$ $# %"!'in$'$ri %" #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n %" #$ c<%(#$ !" "+"c'($r> "n
#$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$# "n "# %/ici#i %" #$ p"r!n$ :(" %"1$ !"r n'i+ic$%$;
r":("ri%$; ci'$%$ "/p#$7$%$; !0# "n c$! %" :(" #! /"%i! %" n'i+ic$ci0n
pr",i!'! "n #! $r'2c(#! $n'"rir"! &(1i"r$n r"!(#'$% +$##i%!-
8- L$ "n'r".$ !" %c(/"n'$r> pr /"%i %" %i#i."nci$; :(" !"r> +ir/$%$ pr "#
!"cr"'$ri :(" #$ "+"c'9" * pr #$ p"r!n$ $ :(i"n !" &$.$; c(* n/1r" !" &$r>
cn!'$r-
=- C($n% "# %"!'in$'$ri %" #$ c/(nic$ci0n !"$ &$##$% "n "# %/ici#i * !" ni".(" $
r"ci1ir #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n #$ c<%(#$; n :(i"r$ +ir/$r #$ %i#i."nci$
$cr"%i'$'i,$ %" #$ "n'r".$; "# !"cr"'$ri #" $%,"r'ir> !1r" #$ 1#i.$ci0n :(" #"
i/pn" "# $r'2c(# $n'"rir *; !i in!i!'i"r" "n !( n".$'i,$; #" &$r> !$1"r :(" :("%$ $
151
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
!( %i!p!ici0n "n #$ !"cr"'$r2$ %"# 'ri1(n$#; pr%(ci<n%!" #! "+"c'! %" #$
c/(nic$ci0n; %" '% # c($# :("%$r> cn!'$nci$ "n #$ %i#i."nci$-
@- Si "# %/ici#i %n%" !" pr"'"n%" pr$c'ic$r #$ c/(nic$ci0n +("r" "# #(.$r "n "# :("
"# %"!'in$'$ri '"n.$ !( %/ici#i !".9n r".i!'r! +ici$#"!; p(1#ic$cin"! %"
c#".i! pr+"!in$#"!; +("r" #$ ,i,i"n%$ #c$# $rr"n%$% $# %"/$n%$%; * n !"
"ncn'r$r" $##2 %ic& %"!'in$'$ri; p%r> "+"c'($r!" #$ "n'r".$ $ c($#:(i"r
"/p#"$% +$/i#i$r; /$*r %" 3@ $D!; :(" !" "nc("n'r" "n "!" #(.$r; $%,ir'i"n%
$# r"c"p'r :(" "!'> 1#i.$% $ "n'r".$r #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n #$ c<%(#$ $#
%"!'in$'$ri %" <!'$; $ %$r#" $,i!; !i !$1" !( p$r$%"r-
B- Si #$ c/(nic$ci0n !" %iri.i"r" $# #(.$r %" 'r$1$) &$1i'($# %"# %"!'in$'$ri; "n
$(!"nci$ %" <!'"; #$ "n'r".$ !" "+"c'($r> $ p"r!n$ :(" /$ni+i"!'" cnc"r#" ; !i
"?i!'i"r" %"p"n%"nci$ "nc$r.$%$ %" r"ci1ir %c(/"n'! ( 1)"'!; $ :(i"n "!'(,i"r"
$ c$r. %" "##$-
C- En #$ %i#i."nci$ !" &$r> cn!'$r "# n/1r" %"# %"!'in$'$ri %" #$ c/(nic$ci0n * #$
+"c&$ * #$ &r$ "n #$ :(" +(" 1(!c$%$ * n "ncn'r$%$ "n !( %/ici#i; $!2 c/ "#
n/1r" %" #$ p"r!n$ :(" r"ci1" #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n #$ c<%(#$; * !( r"#$ci0n
cn "# %"!'in$'$ri; pr%(ci"n% '%! !(! "+"c'! #$ c/(nic$ci0n $!2 r"$#i7$%$-
E- En "# c$! %" :(" n !" &$##" $ n$%i" "n "# %/ici#i $ :(" !" $c(%$ p$r$ #$ pr>c'ic$
%" (n $c' %" c/(nic$ci0n; "# !"cr"'$ri +(ncin$ri %"!i.n$% prc(r$r>
$,"ri.($r !i ,i," $##2 !( %"!'in$'$ri- Si *$ n r"!i%i"!" 'r$1$)$!" "n <# * $#.(n$ %"
#$! p"r!n$! cn!(#'$%$! cnci"!" "# $c'($#; !" cn!i.n$r> "n #$ %i#i."nci$; #$
n".$'i,$ %" c/(nic$ci0n-
F- Si n p(%i"r$ cnc"r!" pr "!'" /"%i "# %/ici#i %"# %"/$n%$% * "#
%"/$n%$n'" n &(1i"r$ %"!i.n$% 'r! p!i1#"! %/ici#i!; !" prc"%"r> $
$,"ri.($r !( %/ici#i cn+r/" $ # pr",i!' "n "!'" C0%i.-
Co)etario*
E*', )7:&.,39=8 '),', 67 )7*(.;7) .,* 69;7)*,* +(*9A9.96,67* ?&7 *7 6,8 78 ., +)53'93, ,.
)7,.9G,)*7 ., 78')7:, 6(4939.9,)9,. E8 7*7 *78'96(< ,. 9:&,. ?&7 *7 C,3E, 78 7. CPC ,8'7)9()< 7.
A)'. 144.4< +7)49'7 7@73'&,) ., 8('9@93,39=8 , &8 )737+'() 69*'98'( 67. 67*'98,',)9(< *9 *7
.(3,.9G, , ?&978 *7 C,:, 3,):( 67 '),8*49'9).7 7. ,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8< >, *7 '),'7 67 ,.:&978
?&7 ;9;, ( '),A,B7 78 7. +)(+9( 6(4939.9( ,. ?&7 *7 ,3&67 %&8 /amiliar ( &8 empleado), +&7*
7. C73C( 67 ?&7 )739A, ., 3(+9, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 ( 3D6&., ,.:&978 ?&7 ;9;, ( '),A,B7 en la
propia casa :,),8'9G, 67 4(6( *&@93978'7 ?&7 7. ,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8 3&4+.9)5 *& @98. E.
CPC< ,. +,)737)< 8( *7 )7@97)7 ,. ;7398( 67. 98'7)7*,6(< 3(4( +(*9A.7 )737+'() *&A*969,)9(<
?&9G5* +() 8( (@)737) ., 49*4, *7:&)96,6 *7-,.,6,.
E. CPC< +)7;D ., 3(4&893,39=8 , +7)*(8,* B&)E693,*< ,. *7-,.,) ., +(*9A.7 78')7:, , c!al!ier
empleadoM ( A978 ,. 47839(8,) ., +(*9A.7 7F9*'7839, 67 dependencia encargada de recibir
doc!mentos. A*E< 78 3,*( 67 ?&7 8( C,>, 67+7867839, 67 7*', 3.,*7< +)947)( *7 98'78',)5
152
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
7@73'&,) 7. ,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8 3(8 7. )7+)7*78',8'7 .7:,. 67 ., 78'96,6 > *9 7*'( 8( 7*
+(*9A.7< ., 78')7:, *7 )7,.9G,)5 *&A*969,)9,478'7 , 3&,.?&97) 74+.7,6( 67 ., 49*4,.
E8 7. _3,*( 67 ?&7 8( C,..7 , 8,697 78 7. 6(4939.9( ,. ?&7 *7 ,3&6, +,), ., +)53'93, 67 &8
,3'( 67 3(4&893,39=8`< 7* 6739)< 3&,86( 8( *=.( 8( *7 .(3,.9G, ,. 98'7)7*,6(< *98( ?&7
',4+(3( , +7)*(8, ,.:&8, ?&7 ?&97), C,37)*7 3,):( 67 ., 8('9@93,39=8< 67A7 67 ,+.93,)*7 78
7*'7 *&+&7*'( ?&7 *7 +)7*78', 78 ., +)53'93, 3(8 A,*',8'7 @)73&7839,< ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 7*',)
@)78'7 ,. ..,4,6( H+,),67)( 67*3(8(396(I.E8 ., +)53'93, ,3'&,.< .(* J&737* C,8 7F9:96( ')7*
3(8*',839,* 3(4( 4E894( 7F'78696,* +() 7. R737+'() 67. 67*+,3C(< 78 69*'98'(* 6E,* > C(),*<
+,), ;7)9@93,) ?&7 7*',4(* ,8'7 &8, ,&*7839, 67@989'9;, > 8( '74+(),.< 7*'( A&*3, '787) .,
37)'7G, 67 ?&7 7*',4(* ,8'7 &8, ,&*7839, 67@989'9;,. P7)( ., 8&7;, .7>< (A.9:, ,. @&839(8,)9(
B&6939,. , 9) 4,* ,..5 > 7*'( .( 783(8'),4(* 78 ., K.'94, +&8'&,.9G,39=8L _S9 >, 8( )7*9697*7 (
'),A,B,*7 78 7. 6(4939.9( ,. ?&7 *7 ,3&67 > ,.:&8,* 67 .,* +7)*(8,* 3(8*&.',6,* 3(8(397*7 7.
,3'&,.< D*'7 *7 3(8*9:8,)5 78 7. 69.9:7839, 87:,'9;, 67 3(4&893,39=8` A*E +&767 ,3&69)*7 ,.
8&7;( 6(4939.9( , 7@73'&,) 78 D. ., 3(4&893,39=8 +7)*(8,.< 3(8 ., ;78',B, 67 ,C()),) 7.
7*@&7)G( 67 ,;7)9:&,) (')(* +(*9A.7* .&:,)7*< ,*E 3(4( ., 67 7;9',) ., 3(4&893,39=8 +()
7693'(* 3&,86( '(6,;E, *7, +(*9A.7 C,37).( 78 @()4, ()698,)9,. E. 8&7;( C=69:(< +)7'7867
,+&),) ,. 45F94( .,* +(*9A9.96,67* 67 3(4&893,39=8 78 @()4, +7)*(8,.< > ?&7 .(* 7693'(*
*7,8 )7,.478'7 &8, @()4, K.'94, > s!bsidiaria 67 8('9@93,39=8. S9< '),* .,* 986,:,39(87*
7F9:96,*< 7. @&839(8,)9( 8('9@93,6() '9787 8('939, 67 ?&7 ., ,&*7839, 67. 67*'98,',)9( 7*
67@989'9;, >< ,6745*< 8( .(:), &8 8&7;( 6(4939.9( +,), *& 74+.,G,4978'(< 7. A)'. 144." CPC
()678, ?&7 *7 +)(376, _de con/ormidad con lo e2igido en el Art. 5:5`M 7* 6739)< ?&7 7.
')9A&8,. '),'7 67 ,;7)9:&,) (')( 6(4939.9( 67. 674,86,6(. P7)(< ,8'7* 67 7@73'&,) 7*',
,;7)9:&,39=8< *7)E, ),G(8,A.7 ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. ;,.(),), ?&9D8 7* 7. )7*+(8*,A.7 67 ?&7 8( *7
C,>, .(3,.9G,6( , ,?&D. 78 7. 6(4939.9( ,. ?&7 *7 C, ,3&696(. P()?&7 +&767 (3&))9) ?&7 7.
+)947) 98'78'( 67 3(4&893,39=8 C,>, @),3,*,6( +() )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 67. actor< ,. C,A7)
67*9:8,6( 78 ., 674,86, &8 6(4939.9( +(3( e/ectivo %+() 7B74+.(< +() 3,)737) 67
,3'&,.96,6/M > 78 ',. 3,*( 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)E, )7?&7)9) ,. 674,86,8'7 , ?&7 *7-,.,*7 &8 8&7;(
6(4939.9( 67. 674,86,6( %( , ?&7 B&*'9@93,), ?&7 .7 7* 94+(*9A.7 C,37).(/< ,8'7* 67 +)(3767)
, .,* ,;7)9:&,39(87* 67 (@939( 67. A)'. 141 CPC. S98 74A,):(< *9 *7 '),', 67 &8 6(4939.9(
)7*+73'( 67. 3&,. 7. +)(+9( demandado C, 4,89@7*',6( *& 3(8*78'94978'( 7F+)7*( ( '539'( ,
7@73'(* 67 8('9@93,39(87*< +(6)E, 6,)*7 +,*( , ., 3(4&893,39=8 +() 7693'(* *98 8737*96,6 67
)7,.9G,) 45* 986,:,39(87*< >, ?&7 .,* +,)'7* '97878 ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 67 7*',) .(3,.9G,A.7* 78
7. 6(4939.9( ?&7 *7-,.78< ( A978 67 8('9@93,) ,. ')9A&8,. *&* 3,4A9(* 67 6(4939.9(
%5:D.:CPC).
ART5CULO 3@B-4 SERVICIO COMPN DE NOTIFICACIONES-
L$ Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ $pr1$r> (n r".#$/"n' %" cr"$ci0n * +(ncin$/i"n'
%"# S"r,ici J(%ici$# %" N'i+ic$cin"!; :(" c($n% "!'< p"r$'i, pr$c'ic$r> #! $c'!
%" c/(nic$ci0n :(" &$*$n %" r"$#i7$r!" "n #! prc"!! ci,i#"!-
Co)etario*
153
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
L, 69)7339=8 > 4,'7)9,.9G,39=8 67 7*', ,3'9;96,6 3())7*+(867< *7:K8 69*+(*939=8 .7:,. ,.
S73)7',)9( 67. T)9A&8,.M +7)( *7)5 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,< ., 783,):,6, 67 ,+)(A,) &8
)7:.,478'( 67 3)7,39=8 > @&839(8,4978'( 67. S7);939( J&6939,. 67 N('9@93,39(87*< +,), ?&7
*7, (+7),'9;, ., +)53'93, 67 .(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 78 .(* +)(37*(* 39;9.7*.J
ART5CULO 3@C-4 COMUNICACIÓN EDICTAL-
Un$ ,"7 pr$c'ic$%$!; "n !( c$!; #$! $,"ri.($cin"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "!'" C0%i.; !i n
p(%i"r" cnc"r!" "# %/ici#i %"# %"!'in$'$ri %" #$ c/(nic$ci0n; n p(%i"r"
&$##>r!"#" ni "+"c'($r!" #$ c/(nic$ci0n cn '%! !(! "+"c'!; "# 'ri1(n$#;
/"%i$n'"
pr,i%"nci$; /$n%$r> :(" !" &$.$ #$ c/(nic$ci0n +i)$n% #$ cpi$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n #$
c<%(#$ "n #$ '$1#$ %" $,i!!- A c!'$ %" #$ p$r'"; !" p(1#ic$r> #$ c/(nic$ci0n "n (n
%i$ri i/pr"! * "n (n$ r$%i%i+(!r$ "n $/1! c$!! %" c1"r'(r$ n$cin$# pr 'r"!
,"c"!; cn in'"r,$# %" %i"7 K3I) %2$! &>1i#"!-
Co)etario*
E*'7 +)737+'(< 7*',A.737 7. 3,)53'7) ,A*(.&',478'7 *&A*969,)9( , ., 3(4&893,39=8 7693',. ?&7<
+&767 *7) 78 4769(* +KA.93(* ( 983.&9)*7 78 4769(* +)9;,6(* 67 +)78*, > ),69(. E*
94+()',8'7 +)7:&8',)8(*< *9 ., +&A.93,39=8 78 ., +)78*, 8,39(8,.< X7* @,3&.','9;, ( 94+7),'9;,
67 ., +,)'7Y P&767 3(8*967),)*7 ?&7 7* @,3&.',6 67. 674,86,8'7 > 8( &8, (A.9:,39=8
94+&7*', 78 ., .7>M +7)( 8( (.;9674(* ?&7 ,. 674,86,8'7 .7 3(8;9787 3(4&893,) ,.
674,86,6( ., 674,86,< +,), 7;9',) 7. )73&)*( 67 ,&697839, ,. )7A7.67.J
ART5CULO 3@E-4 ACTOS DE COMUNICACIÓN MEDIANTE AUMILIO JUDICIAL-
3- C($n% #! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n &$*$n %" pr$c'ic$r!" pr 'ri1(n$# %i!'in' %"#
:(" #! &(1i"r" r%"n$%; !" $c/p$D$r> $# %"!p$c& #$ cpi$ c<%(#$
crr"!pn%i"n'" * # %"/>! :(" "n c$%$ c$! prc"%$-
8- E!'! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n !" c(/p#i/"n'$r>n "n (n p#$7 n !(p"rir $ :(inc"
K3B) %2$!; cn'$%! $ p$r'ir %" !( r"c"pci0n- C($n% n !" r"$#ic" "n "# 'i"/p
in%ic$%; !" &$1r>n %" "?pr"!$r; "n !( c$!; #$! c$(!$! %" #$ %i#$ci0n-
Co)etario*
A @98 67 3())7:9) ., +)53'93, 67 ,.:K8 ')9A&8,. %67 8( 6,) 3&4+.94978'( 984769,'( , .,*
3(4&893,39(87* 78')7 B&G:,6(*/ 7. CPC< @9B, &8 +.,G( +,), *& 3&4+.9478',39=8 8( *&+7)9() ,
15 6E,*< 3(8',6(* , +,)'9) 67 *& )737+39=8.
ART5CULO 3@F-4 NULIDAD Y SUBSANACIÓN DE LOS ACTOS DE
COMUNICACIÓN-
3- S"r>n n(#! #! $c'! %" c/(nic$ci0n :(" n !" pr$c'ic$r"n cn $rr".# $ #
%i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i. * p(%i"r"n c$(!$r in%"+"n!i0n-
154
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- Sin "/1$r.; c($n% #$ p"r!n$ n'i+ic$%$; ci'$%$; "/p#$7$%$ r":("ri%$ !"
&(1i"r$ %$% pr "n'"r$%$ "n "# $!(n'; * n %"n(nci$!" #$ n(#i%$% %" #$ %i#i."nci$
"n !( pri/"r$ $c'($ci0n; !(r'ir> <!'$ %"!%" "n'nc"! '%! !(! "+"c'!; c/ !i !"
&(1i"r" &"c& cn $rr".# $ #$! %i!p!icin"! %" "!'" C0%i.-
Co)etario*
C(4( *7 C, ,+&8',6( 7. CPC J,. )7:&.,) 7. 8&7;( 3(837+'( 67 67*+,3C( B&6939,.J 784,)3,6(
78 ., ,:9.9G,39=8 67 .(* +)(37*(*< 8( 67B, , &8 .,6( 7. )7*+7'( , .(* +)9839+9(* 67 67@78*, >
3(8'),69339=8 ?&7 ',4A9D8 :,),8'9G, 7. C=69:(M 67 ',. 4,87),< ?&7 *9 &8 ,3'( 67
3(4&893,39=8 8( )7K87 .(* )7?&9*9'(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7>< pr,c$n% cn "##
in%"+"n!i0n< 7*',)74(* ,8'7 &8 ,3'( 8&.(. E* 7;9678'7 ?&7 .(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 *(8
7*7839,.7* 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.< 67 7..(* 67+7867 ., 98'7);7839=8 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7. +)(37*( >
78 3(8*73&7839, 7. ,673&,6( 7B7)3939( 67. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 67 ,337*( 78 3(86939(87* 67
9:&,.6,6 ,. +)(37*(< +&7* .(* ,3'(* 67 3(4&893,39=8 ?&7 *7,8 67@73'&(*(*< +7)( ?&7
+)(6&G3,8 .(* 7@73'(* 67*7,6(*< *(8 ;,.96(* > 7@93,37* > +() ',8'( 94+(*9A.7 ?&7 *7 673.,)7
*& 8&.96,6.J
ART5CULO 3@H-4 COMUNICACIÓN DE OFICIOS Y MANDAMIENTOS-
3- L! /$n%$/i"n'! * +ici! !" r"/i'ir>n %ir"c'$/"n'" $ #$ $('ri%$% +(ncin$ri
$ :(" ,$*$n %iri.i%!- N 1!'$n'"; !i $!2 # !#ici'$r"n; #$! p$r'"! p%r>n
%i#i."nci$r#! p"r!n$#/"n'"-
8- En '% c$!; #$ p$r'" $ c(*$ in!'$nci$ !" #i1r"n #! +ici! * /$n%$/i"n'! &$1r>
%" !$'i!+$c"r #! .$!'! :(" r":(i"r$ !( c(/p#i/i"n'-
ART5CULO 3BI-4 RESPONSABILIDADES-
3- E# !"cr"'$ri +(ncin$ri :("; "n "# %"!"/p"D %" #$! +(ncin"! %" c/(nic$ci0n
:(" pr "!'" C0%i. !" #" $!i.n$n; %i"r" #(.$r; pr /$#ici$ n".#i."nci$; $ r"'r$!!
%i#$cin"! in%"1i%$!; !"r> crr".i% %i!cip#in$ri$/"n'" pr #$ $('ri%$% %" :(i"n
%"p"n%$-
8- E# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& :(" inc(rri"r" "n %# /r!i%$% "n #! $c'! %"
c/(nic$ci0n c(*$ pr>c'ic$ &$*$ $!(/i%; n r"!p"'$r" $#.(n$ %" #$!
+r/$#i%$%"! #".$#"! "!'$1#"ci%$!; c$(!$n% p"r)(ici $ #$ 'r$ p$r'" $ '"rc"r;
!"r> r"!pn!$1#" %" #! %$D! * p"r)(ici! c$!in$%! * p%r> !"r !$ncin$%
cn+r/" $ # %i!p("!' "n #$! nr/$! #".$#"! "!'$'('$ri$!-
Co)etario*
E8 )7.,39=8 , .(* 1&839(8,)9(* B&6939,.7*< .,* @,.',*< *&* *,839(87* > 7. +)(37694978'( +,),
94+(87).,* 67A78 7*',) 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., L7> O):5893, 67 T)9A&8,.7*. A3'&,.478'7< ., L7>
67 ., C,))7), J&6939,.< 3,.9@93, 7*', ,3'&,39=8 3(4( 3(8'),)9, , ., 7@93,39, 67 .,
155
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,< +() .( ?&7 3(8*'9'&>7 @,.', :),;7< *,839(8,6, 67 3(8@()496,6 ,.
R7:.,478'( 67 ., L7> 67 ., C,))7), J&6939,.<% A)'. 54< 5$< 61< 64< 67 67 ., L7> 67 ., C,))7),
J&6939,./ > .(* A)'. 173< 17$< 1"1< 1"2< 1"3< 1"4< 1"5< 1""< 1"$ 67. R7:.,478'( 67 ., L7> 67
., C,))7), J&6939,.< *98 +7)B&939( , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. RD:9478 67 D7*+96(. E.
+)(37694978'( 7* 7. 7*',A.7396( 78 7. A)'. 1"" 67. R7:.,478'( 39',6(. E8 )7.,39=8 , .(*
P)(3&),6()7*< +&767 ;7)*7 7. A)'E3&.( 7$ CPC.J
CAP5TULO III
ACTOS DE DOCUMENTACIÓN
ART5CULO 3B3-4 FE PPBLICA JUDICIAL-
3- E# !"cr"'$ri !'"n'$ #$ +" p91#ic$ )(%ici$#; /"%i$n'" #$ :(" %")$ cn!'$nci$ +ici$#
"n "# "?p"%i"n'" %" #$ r"$#i7$ci0n %" #$! $c'($cin"! prc"!$#"!; pr !2 /"%i$n'" "#
r".i!'r crr"!pn%i"n'"; %" c(* +(ncin$/i"n' !"r> r"!pn!$1#"; %" #$ r"c"pci0n
%" "!cri'! cn #! %c(/"n'! * r"ci1! :(" #"! $c/p$D"n; $!2 c/ %" #$
pr%(cci0n %" &"c&! cn 'r$!c"n%"nci$ prc"!$#-
8- E# !"cr"'$ri "?p"%ir> cpi$! c"r'i+ic$%$! * '"!'i/ni! %" #$! $c'($cin"! n
!"cr"'$! ni r"!"r,$%$! $ #! in'"r"!$%!-
=- E# !"cr"'$ri p%r> !"r !(!'i'(i% "n #! '<r/in! pr",i!'! "n #$ #"*-
ART5CULO 3B8-4 DOCUMENTACIÓN DE ACTOS PROCESALES NO ESCRITOS-
3- L$! $c'($cin"! prc"!$#"! :(" n cn!i!'$n "n "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! !"
%c(/"n'$r>n pr /"%i %" $c'$!; %i#i."nci$! * n'$!-
8- C($n% #$ #"* %i!pn.$ :(" !" #",$n'" $c'$; !" r"c."r> "n "##$; cn #$ n"c"!$ri$
"?'"n!i0n * %"'$##"; '% # $c'($%- Sin "/1$r.; c($n% !" 'r$'" %" #$!
$c'($cin"! :("; cn+r/" $ "!'$ #"*; &$*$n %" r".i!'r$r!" "n !pr'" $p' p$r$ #$
.r$1$ci0n * r"pr%(cci0n; "# $c'$ !" #i/i'$r> $ cn!i.n$r; )(n' cn #! %$'!
r"#$'i,! $# 'i"/p * $# #(.$r; #$! p"r!n$! :(" in'"r,"n.$n; $!2 c/ #$!
circ(n!'$nci$! " inci%"nci$! :(" n p(%i"r$n cn!'$r "n $:("# !pr'"-
=- L! )(7.$%! 'ri1(n$#"! p%r>n "/p#"$r /"%i! '<cnic! %" %c(/"n'$ci0n *
$rc&i, %" !(! $c'($cin"! * %" #! "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! :(" r"ci1i"r"n; cn #$!
%"1i%$! .$r$n'2$!- T$/1i<n p%r>n "/p#"$r /"%i! '<cnic! %" !".(i/i"n' %"#
"!'$% %" #! prc"!! * %" "!'$%2!'ic$ r"#$'i,$ $ <!'!-
156
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- L$! $c'($cin"! r$#"! "n #$! $(%i"nci$! !" r".i!'r$r>n "n !pr'" $p' p$r$ #$
.r$1$ci0n * r"pr%(cci0n %"# !ni% * %" #$ i/$."n- L$ .r$1$ci0n !" "+"c'($r>
1$) #$ +" %"# !"cr"'$ri; $ :(i"n crr"!pn%"r> #$ c(!'%i$ %" #$! cin'$!; %i!c!
%i!p!i'i,! "n #! :(" #$ .r$1$ci0n !" &(1i"r" "+"c'($%- L$! p$r'"! p%r>n p"%ir;
$ !( c!'$; cpi$ %" #$! .r$1$cin"! ri.in$#"!-
Co)etario*
E8 7*'7 +)737+'( *7 3(8*,:), 67 4,87), 7@73'9;, 7. +)9839+9( 67 (),.96,6 ?&7 +)7*967 '(6( 7.
8&7;( +)(37*( 39;9.< +&7* *7 7*',A.737 7. H,3', ;967(:)5@93,I< ?&7 +7)49'7 ., +.78,
6(3&478',39=8 67. +)(37*( +() 4769( 67 *& :),A,39=8 3(8 .( ?&7 *7 )73(:7)5 67 @()4,
@96769:8, '(6( .( 4,89@7*',6( +() .,* +,)'7*< +() .(* '7*'9:(*< +() .(* +7)9'(* > .( ,.7:,6( +()
.(* 67@78*()7*. E..( *&+(87 ?&7 7. ,3', ()698,)9, 67. B&939( ;786)5 67@9896, +() .,
678(498,6, H ,3', *&398',I< ?&7 )73(:7)5 .(* 6,'(* )7.,'9;(* ,. '974+(< .&:,)< .,* +7)*(8,*
?&7 98'7);78:,8< ,*E 3(4( .,* 39)3&8*',839,* 7 983967839,* ?&7 8( +&697),8 3(8*',) 78 ,?&7.
*(+()'7. E* 6739) ?&7 7*'( 7* 4&> 94+()',8'7 78 7. 69*7-( 67. 8&7;( CPC< +&7* 3(8 7*'7
4769( *7 67B, 3(8*',839, 67 ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 &8 ,3'( +)(37*,. > ., 987F9*'7839, ( 67'7)9()(
67. ,3', *&398', 8( 94+.93, ., 8&.96,6 67. ,3'( +)(37*,.< >, ?&7 3(8 7..( *(.( *7 ,@73', .,
6(3&478',39=8 67 ., )7,.9G,39=8 67. ,3'(< 8( ., ;,.967G ( 7F9*'7839,.J E* 6739) ?&7 .,
67*')&339=8< +D)696, ( 67'7)9()( 67. ,3', *&398', > 67 ., :),A,39=8 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* 6,8
.&:,) , ., )73(8*')&339=8 67. 49*4( 67 3(8@()496,6 , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. A)'. 15" 67. CPCM
+7)( *9 ., :),A,39=8 7* 67@73'&(*, > 7. ,3', 67. *73)7',)9( 7* ',8 *&398', ?&7 8( +7)49'7
3(8(37) .( ,3(8'7396(< 7*',)74(* ,8'7 &8, +(*9A.7 ;9(.,39=8 ,. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > +()
',8'( ,8'7 ., 8&.96,6 67. ,3'( +)(37*,..J
ART5CULO 3B=-4 EMPEDIENTES-
E# !"cr"'$ri "! r"!pn!$1#" %" #$ +r/$ci0n; cn!"r,$ci0n * !".(ri%$% %" #!
"?p"%i"n'"!- C(i%$r>; $%"/>!; %" :(" #$ n(/"r$ci0n !"$ crr"#$'i,$ * !in in'"rc$#$ci0n
%" #! +#i!; * %" :(" #$! $c'$! :(" cn'i"n"n $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! !"$n +ir/$%$! *
!"##$%$! pr "# )("7 /$.i!'r$% * pr #! :(" in'"r,"n.$n "n "##$!G %$r> +" %" !(
cn'"ni% * c(/p#ir> #$! %"/>! 1#i.$cin"! :(" #$ #"* #" !"D$#"-
Co)etario*
E* 67 C,37) 8(',) ?&7 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06< 78 *& ,)'E3&.( "6<
+7)49'E, 7. 67*:.(*7 67 &8, ( 45* C(B,* 67. +)(37*(< 67'7)498,86( ?&7 3&,86( 7*'( (3&)),<
7. S73)7',)9( 3(.(3,)5 78 *&*'9'&39=8 67. @(.9( 67*:.(*,6( &8, 8&7;, C(B, 98693,86( 7.
D73)7'( ?&7 ()678= *& 67*:.(*7 > 7. 8K47)( > 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,* +97G,* 67*:.(*,6,*< 7;9',86(
., ,.'7),39=8 67 ., 8&47),39=8 67 .(* @(.9(* ?&7 ?&7678 78 7. +)(37*(< >< ,6745*< 8( *7
,.'7),)5 7. 8K47)( 67 .(* @(.9(* ?&7 +,*78 , @()4,) +,)'7 67. 8&7;( 7F+76978'7< +&7* *9 *7
78'97867 ?&7 *7 ,:)7:,)58 , 7. .,* C(B,* ?&7 .7 3())7*+(86,8 , 7*'7.J E*', *9'&,39=8 8( .,
+)7;D 7. 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.M +7)( ?&7 78 3,*( 67 *7) 8737*,)9(< 7. S73)7',)9(<
+(6)E, )7,.9G,) &8 ')549'7 *949.,) > +() 7..( +)(+(874(* ?&7 *7, 67B,86( ,87F,6( ,.
7F+76978'7 @('(3(+9, 67. 6(3&478'( 67*:.(*,6(< 3(8 ., 98693,39=8 67A96,M 7* 6739) 7. 673)7'(
157
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
?&7 ()678= *& 67*:.(*7< > 67 8( *7) +(*9A.7 ., @('(3(+9,< ,6745* 67 ., 98693,39=8 67. 673)7'(
()678,86( 7. 67*:.(*7< 7. 8K47)( > ., 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,* +97G,* 67*:.(*,6,*< 78 ,4A(*< 8(
67A7)5 B,45* ,.'7),)*7 ., 8&47),39=8 67 .(* @(.9(*.J
ART5CULO 3B@-4 CUSTODIA DE LOS EMPEDIENTES-
L! "?p"%i"n'"! !" cn!"r,$r>n r".(#$r/"n'" "n (n #(.$r $%"c($% %" #$ !"cr"'$r2$ %"#
'ri1(n$#; * "# !"cr"'$ri !"r> r"!pn!$1#" %" !( $rc&i,- L! "?p"%i"n'"! p%r>n !"r
'r$!#$%$%! $ (n #(.$r %i!'in' !0# "n #! c$!! pr",i!'! pr #$ #"* pr r"!#(ci0n %"#
'ri1(n$#-
Co)etario*
A 4,87), 67 7B74+.(* 783(8'),4(* 78 ., .7>< ,.:&8(* 67 7*'(* 3,*(* +)7;9*'(*< 3(4( .,
*&*',839,39=8 67 )73&)*(* A)'. 415< 711< 714 .2< 722 V 72$< 733 CPC.
ART5CULO 3BB-4 EMAMEN DE LOS EMPEDIENTES-
L$! p$r'"! * #! Pr+"!in$#"! %"# D"r"c& :(" #"! $!i!'$n * r"pr"!"n'"n p("%"n
"?$/in$r #! "?p"%i"n'"! )(%ici$#"! "n "# #c$# "n :(" !" cn!"r,$n; p(%i"n% '/$r
n'$ %" !( cn'"ni%; "!c(c&$r * ,i!in$r #$! .r$1$cin"!; * "?$/in$r #$! pr("1$!-
ART5CULO 3BC-4 EMPEDICIÓN DE COPIAS-
3- L! !"cr"'$ri! "n'r".$r>n cpi$! !i/p#"! %" #$! $c'$! %" #$! $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"!
r"$#i7$%$! $ #! in'"r,ini"n'"! "n "##$!- E# 'ri1(n$#; $ p"%i% %" p$r'" * pr",i p$.
%" #$ '$!$ r"!p"c'i,$; p("%" r%"n$r %" p#$n #$ "?p"%ici0n %" cpi$! c"r'i+ic$%$!
%" #! +#i! :(" !" pr"ci!"n-
8- Cnc#(i% "# prc"!; c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! p%r> !#ici'$r cpi$! c"r'i+ic$%$! %"
+#i! %" (n "?p"%i"n'"- E# 'ri1(n$# p("%" %"n".$r "# p"%i% "n $'"nci0n $#
cn'"ni% p"r!n$#2!i/ %" #$ /$'"ri$ cn'r,"r'i%$-
ART5CULO 3BE-4 CONSTANCIA DE RECEPCIÓN-
L$ p$r'" '"rc"r #".i'i/$% 'i"n" %"r"c& $ :(" "# !"cr"'$ri; +(ncin$ri "n :(i"n
%"#".("; #" %",("#,$ (n$ cpi$ !"##$%$ %"# "!cri' * !(! $n"?!; cn in%ic$ci0n %" #$
+"c&$; %2$ * &r$ %" !( pr"!"n'$ci0n-

ART5CULO 3BF-4 RECONSTRUCCIÓN DE EMPEDIENTES O ACTUACIONES-
3- S"r> c/p"'"n'" p$r$ 'r$/i'$r #$ r"cn!'r(cci0n ''$# p$rci$# %" '% 'ip %"
$c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! * %"# prpi "?p"%i"n'"; "# )("7 'ri1(n$# "n :(" #$
%"!$p$rici0n; c(#'$ci0n /('i#$ci0n &(1i"r" $cn'"ci%- Pr",i$/"n'" $ #$
15"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
r"cn!'r(cci0n %"1"r> %"c#$r$r pr $(' :(" !" &$ cn!'$'$% #$ p<r%i%$ ''$#
p$rci$# %"# crr"!pn%i"n'" "?p"%i"n'" $c'($ci0n-
8- En #! prc"%i/i"n'! %" r"cn!'r(cci0n %" "?p"%i"n'"! $c'($cin"! !"r> !i"/pr"
p$r'" "# Mini!'"ri P91#ic-
=- E# 'ri1(n$#; %" +ici; #$! p$r'"! !(! &"r"%"r!; "n !( c$!; p%r>n in!'$r #$
r"cn!'r(cci0n %"# "?p"%i"n'"- A "!'" "!cri' !" $c/p$D$r>n; "n c($n' +("!"
p!i1#"; #$! cpi$! $('<n'ic$! * pri,$%$! :(" !" cn!"r,$!"n %" #! %c(/"n'!; *
"n 'r c$! !" !"D$#$r>n #! pr'c#! r".i!'r! "n :(" 1r$!"n !(! /$'ric"! !"
&(1i"r" "+"c'($% $#.9n $!i"n' in!cripci0n- T$/1i<n !" $%)(n'$r>n #$! cpi$! %"
#! "!cri'! pr"!"n'$%! * #$! r"!#(cin"! %" '%$ c#$!" r"c$2%$! "n "# )(ici; $!2
c/ c($n'! 'r! %c(/"n'! p(%i"r$n !"r 9'i#"! p$r$ #$ r"cn!'r(cci0n-
@- E# 'ri1(n$#; 2%$! #$! p$r'"! "n (n$ $(%i"nci$ :(" &$1r> cn,c$% $# "+"c'; *
"?$/in$%! #! "!cri'! * %c(/"n'! pr"!"n'$%!; pr",i in+r/" %"# Mini!'"ri
P91#ic; %"'"r/in$r> #! "?'r"/! "n :(" &$*$ &$1i% $c("r% "n'r" #! #i'i.$n'"!
* $:("##! 'r! "n :("; pr"!cin%i"n% %" %i+"r"nci$! $cci%"n'$#"!; &$*$ /"%i$%
%i!cn+r/i%$%-
B- C($n% n "?i!'i"r$ nin.(n$ cn'r,"r!i$ !1r" #! "?'r"/! :(" $+"c'" #$
r"cn!'r(cci0n; "# 'ri1(n$# %ic'$r> (n $(' %"c#$r$n% r"cn!'r(i% "#
"?p"%i"n'" #$! $c'($cin"! * +i)$% #$ !i'($ci0n prc"!$# %" #$ :(" %"1$
p$r'ir!" p$r$ "# (#'"rir c(r! %"# )(ici %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
C- C($n% "n'r" #$! p$r'"! "?i!'i"r" %"!$c("r% ''$# p$rci$# !" prpn%r> #$
pr("1$ :(" !"$ pr"ci!$; :(" !" pr$'ic$r> "n "# /i!/ $c'; !i "## n +("r$
p!i1#"; "n "# p#$7 %" :(inc" K3B) %2$!- E# 'ri1(n$# r"!#,"r> /"%i$n'" $('
#$ +r/$ "n :(" %"1"n :("%$r r"cn!'r(i%$! #$! $c'($cin"!; #$
i/p!i1i#i%$% %" !( r"cn!'r(cci0n; r%"n$n% !i # cn!i%"r$ n"c"!$ri #$
r"n,$ci0n %" #! $c'!; r"!#(ci0n :(" !"r> irr"c(rri1#"-
E- Si r"cn!'r(i% "# "?p"%i"n'" $c'($ci0n; r"$p$r"ci"r" "# crr"!pn%i"n'"
ri.in$# #$ r"cn!'r(cci0n :("%$r> !in "+"c' !in $+"c'$r #$ !"n'"nci$ :(" !"
&(1i"r" %ic'$%-
Co)etario*
L, 3&*'(69, 67 .(* 7F+76978'7* *7 3(8*7);,),8 )7:&.,)478'7 78 &8 .&:,) ,673&,6( 67 .,
*73)7',)E, 67. ')9A&8,.< > 7. *73)7',)9( *7)5 )7*+(8*,A.7 67 *& ,)3C9;(. L(* 7F+76978'7* +(6)58
*7) '),*.,6,6(* , &8 .&:,) 69*'98'( *=.( 78 .(* 3,*(* +)7;9*'(* +() ., .7> +() )7*(.&39=8 67.
')9A&8,.. %A)'. 154 CPC/.
15$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
L(* 7F+76978'7* B&6939,.7* +(6)58 *7) 7F,498,6(* +() .,* +,)'7* > .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 67.
67)73C( ?&7 .7* ,*9*',8 > )7+)7*78'78< +7)( 78 7. .(3,. 78 ?&7 *7 3(8*7);,8< +&69786( '(4,)
8(', 67 *& 3(8'7896(< 7*3&3C,) > ;9*9(8,) .,* :),A,39(87*< > 7F,498,) .,* +)&7A,*.
P7)( 78 3&,8'( , ., 7F+76939=8 67 3(+9,*< '9787 &8, +&A.9396,6 )7*')98:96,< +,), .,* +,)'7*< >,
?&7 +&767 6787:,)*7 ., (A'7839=8 67 3(+9,< '(4,86( 78 3(8*967),39=8 7. 3(8'7896(
+7)*(8,.E*94( 67 ., 4,'7)9, 3(8')(;7)'96, %A)'. 156 CPC/.J
E* 67 C,37) 8(',) ?&7 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06< 78 *& ,)'E3&.( "6<
+7)49'E, 7. 67*:.(*7 67 &8, ( 45* C(B,* 67. +)(37*(< 67'7)498,86( ?&7 3&,86( 7*'( (3&)),<
7. S73)7',)9( 3(.(3,)5 78 *&*'9'&39=8 67. @(.9( 67*:.(*,6( &8, 8&7;, C(B, 98693,86( 7.
D73)7'( ?&7 ()678= *& 67*:.(*7 > 7. 8K47)( > 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,* +97G,* 67*:.(*,6,*< 7;9',86(
., ,.'7),39=8 67 ., 8&47),39=8 67 .(* @(.9(* ?&7 ?&7678 78 7. +)(37*(< >< ,6745*< 8( *7
,.'7),)5 7. 8K47)( 67 .(* @(.9(* ?&7 +,*78 , @()4,) +,)'7 67. 8&7;( 7F+76978'7< +&7* *9 *7
78'97867 ?&7 *7 ,:)7:,)58 , 7. .,* C(B,* ?&7 .7 3())7*+(86,8 , 7*'7. E*', *9'&,39=8 8( .,
+)7;D 7. 8&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.M +7)( ?&7 78 3,*( 67 *7) 8737*,)9(< 7. S73)7',)9(<
+(6)E, )7,.9G,) &8 ')549'7 *949.,) > +() 7..( +)(+(874(* ?&7 *7, 67B,86( ,87F,6( ,.
7F+76978'7 @('(3(+9, 67. 6(3&478'( 67*:.(*,6(< 3(8 ., 98693,39=8 67A96,M 7* 6739) 7. 673)7'(
?&7 ()678= *& 67*:.(*7< > 67 8( *7) +(*9A.7 ., @('(3(+9,< ,6745* 67 ., 98693,39=8 67. 673)7'(
()678,86( 7. 67*:.(*7< 7. 8K47)( > ., 8,'&),.7G, 67 .,* +97G,* 67*:.(*,6,*< 78 ,4A(*< 8(
67A7)5 B,45* ,.'7),)*7 ., 8&47),39=8 67 .(* @(.9(* ..
L, +,)'7 ( '7)37)( .7:9'94,6( '9787 67)73C( , ?&7 7. *73)7',)9(< ( @&839(8,)9( 78 ?&978 7*'7
67.7:&7< .7 67;&7.;, &8, 3(+9, *7..,6, 67. 7*3)9'( > *&* ,87F(*< 3(8 98693,39=8 67 ., @73C,<
6E, > C(), 67 *& +)7*78',39=8. S9786( 8737*,)9( ?&7 7. S73)7',)9(< 78 7. 7*3)9'( ?&7 67;&7.;7
*7..,6(< 67*3)9A, .( ?&7 3(8 7. *7 .7 +)7*78'7.
E8 7*'7 ,*+73'(< > 78 )7.,39=8 , .(* 8&47),.7* 6(* > 3&,')( 67 7*'7 ,)'E3&.(< ., +)7:&8',
(A.9:,6, 7*L X3&5. 7* 7. (AB7'( 67 ., 98'7);7839=8 @9*3,. +,), ., )73(8*')&339=8 67
7F+76978'7*Y< 8( 7* (')( ?&7 ., :,),8'E, 67. 98'7)D* +KA.93( 67)9;,6( 67 ., )73(8*')&339=8 ,*E
3(4( ., ;,.96,39=8 67 ., 3(49*9=8 67 &8 +(*9A.7 67.9'(.
CAP5TULO IV
ACTOS DE AUMILIO JUDICIAL-4
E* ., 8&7;, @()4, 67 ..,4,) , .,* H3(4&893,39(87*I ?&7 *7 )749'78 67 c):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.
, c):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< 78 7. 7B7)3939( 67 7*, @&839=8< *7 678(498,8 7FC()'(* > "?&r'< 7*
., 3(4&893,39=8 6(867 *7 98'7)7*, 67. (')( =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. ., ,3'&,39=8
3())7*+(86978'7.
ART5CULO 3BH-4 CASOS EN JUE PROCEDE-
3- S" !#ici'$r> "# $(?i#i )(%ici$# p$r$ #$! $c'($cin"! :(" &$*$n %" "+"c'($r!" +("r$
%" #$ circ(n!cripci0n %"# 'ri1(n$# :(" cn7c$ %"# $!(n' 4inc#(i%! #! $c'! %"
r"cnci/i"n' )(%ici$#4; c($n% "# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# n cn!i%"r" p!i1#"
160
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
cn,"ni"n'" &$c"r (! %" #$ +$c(#'$% :(" #" cnc"%" "!'$ #"* %" %"!p#$7$r!" +("r$
%" !( circ(n!cripci0n p$r$ pr$c'ic$r#$!-
8- T$/1i<n p%r> p"%ir!" "# $(?i#i )(%ici$# p$r$ #$! $c'($cin"! :(" &$*$n %"
pr$c'ic$r!" +("r$ %"# /(nicipi "n :(" '"n.$ !( !"%" "# 'ri1(n$# :(" #$! &$*$
r%"n$%; p"r %"n'r %" #$ circ(n!cripci0n crr"!pn%i"n'"-
=- E# in'"rr.$'ri %" #$! p$r'"!; #$ %"c#$r$ci0n %" #! '"!'i.! * #$ r$'i+ic$ci0n %" #!
p"ri'! !" r"$#i7$r> "n #$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$# :(" "!'< cnci"n% %"# $!(n'; $(n:("
"# %/ici#i %" #$! p"r!n$! /"ncin$%$! !" "nc("n'r" +("r$ %" #$ circ(n!cripci0n
)(%ici$# crr"!pn%i"n'"-
@- S0# c($n% pr r$70n %" #$ %i!'$nci$; %i+ic(#'$% %"# %"!p#$7$/i"n';
circ(n!'$nci$! p"r!n$#"! %" #$ p$r'"; %"# '"!'i. %"# p"ri'; pr c($#:(i"r 'r$
c$(!$ %" $n>#.$! c$r$c'"r2!'ic$! r"!(#'" i/p!i1#" /(* .r$,!$ #$
c/p$r"c"nci$ %" #$! p"r!n$! ci'$%$! "n #$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$#; !" p%r> !#ici'$r "#
$(?i#i )(%ici$# p$r$ #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #! $c'! %" pr("1$ !"D$#$%! "n "# p>rr$+
$n'"rir-
Co)etario:
S7 3(8*967), 8737*,)9( ?&7 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*< ?&7 98693, 7. 8&47),. 4 67. A)'E3&.( 15$<
*974+)7 67A78 )7,.9G,)*7 78 ., *767 67. B&G:,6(< ?&7 3(8(G3, 67. ,*&8'(< , 7@73'( 67 ?&7 7.
B&7G ?&7 67A7 673969) 8( +97)6, ., 984769,39=8< ?&7 7* &8( 67 .(* +9.,)7* *(A)7 .(* ?&7
67*3,8*, 7. 8&7;( +)(37*( 39;9.M C,A)5 ?&7 A&*3,) 78'(837* .(* 473,89*4(* ?&7 +7)49',8
?&7 ',8'( .,* +,)'7* ?&7 *7)58 98'7))(:,6,*< .(* '7*'9:(* ( +7)9'(* ?&7 ),'9@93,),8 693'54787*<
3(4+,)7G3,8 ,8'7 ., +)7*7839, B&6939,..
ART5CULO 3CI-4 ÓRGANOS AL JUE CORRESPONDE PRESTAR EL AUMILIO
JUDICIAL-
Crr"!pn%"r> pr"!'$r "# $(?i#i )(%ici$# $# J(7.$% %" P$7 %" L"'r$! %"# #(.$r %n%"
#$ $c'($ci0n %"1$ pr$c'ic$r!"-

ART5CULO 3C3-4 EMHORTO-
3- E# $(?i#i )(%ici$# !" !#ici'$r> pr "# 'ri1(n$# :(" # r":(i"r$ /"%i$n'" "?&r'
%iri.i% $# :(" %"1$ pr"!'$r# * cn'"n%r>:
$- L$ %"!i.n$ci0n %" #! 0r.$n! "?&r'$n'" * "?&r'$%-
1- L$ in%ic$ci0n %"# #i'i.i :(" /'i,$ #$ "?p"%ici0n %"# "?&r'-
c- L$ %"!i.n$ci0n %" #$! p"r!n$! :(" !"$n p$r'" "n "# prc"! ci,i#; $!2 c/ %" #!
pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$n * r"pr"!"n'"n-
161
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
%- L$ in%ic$ci0n %" #$! $c'($cin"! c(*$ pr>c'ic$ !" !#ici'$-
"- E# p#$7 "n :(" #$! $c'($cin"! &$*$n %" pr$c'ic$r!"; in%ic$n% #$ +"c&$ "n :("
+in$#i7$-
+- Si p$r$ "# c(/p#i/i"n' %"# "?&r' +("r$ pr"ci! $c/p$D$r %c(/"n'!; !" &$r>
"?pr"!$ /"nci0n %" '%! "##!-
8- L$ "?p"%ici0n * $('ri7$ci0n %" #! "?&r'! crr"!pn%"r> $# !"cr"'$ri-
ART5CULO 3C8-4 DE LA REMISIÓN DEL EMHORTO-
3- L! "?&r'! !" r"/i'ir>n %ir"c'$/"n'" $# 0r.$n "?&r'$% pr /"%i %"# !i!'"/$
in+r/>'ic )(%ici$# %" c($#:(i"r 'r !i!'"/$ %" c/(nic$ci0n :(" .$r$n'ic" #$
cn!'$nci$ %" #$ r"c"pci0n-
8- N 1!'$n'"; !i #$ p$r'" $ #$ :(" in'"r"!" "# c(/p#i/i"n' %"# "?&r' $!2 # !#ici'$;
!" #" "n'r".$r> $ <!'" 1$) !( r"!pn!$1i#i%$%; p$r$ :(" # pr"!"n'" %"n'r %" #!
cinc KB) %2$! !i.(i"n'"!- En "!'" c$!; "# "?&r' "?pr"!$r> #$ p"r!n$ :(" :("%$
"nc$r.$%$ %" !( ."!'i0n; :(" !0# p%r> !"r "# prpi #i'i.$n'" "# Pr+"!in$# %"#
D"r"c& :(" #" %"+i"n%$ * r"pr"!"n'"-

ART5CULO 3C=-4 DEL CUMPLIMIENTO DEL EMHORTO-
3- E# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :(" r"ci1$ "# "?&r' %i!pn%r> !( c(/p#i/i"n' * #
n"c"!$ri p$r$ :(" !" pr$c'i:("n #$! $c'($cin"! :(" "n <# !" !#ici'"n %"n'r %"#
p#$7 !"D$#$%-
8- C($n% n c(rri"r$ $!2; "# 'ri1(n$# "?&r'$n'"; %" +ici $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'";
r"cr%$r> $# "?&r'$% #$ (r."nci$ %"# c(/p#i/i"n'- Si #$ !i'($ci0n p"r!i!'i"r$; "#
'ri1(n$# 1#i.$% $ c(/p#i/"n'$r "# "?&r' inc(rrir> "n r"!pn!$1i#i%$%-

=- L$! p$r'"! * #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$n * r"pr"!"n'"n p%r>n
in'"r,"nir "n #$! $c'($cin"! :(" !" pr$c'i:("n p$r$ "# c(/p#i/i"n' %"# "?&r'-
ART5CULO 3C@-4 DEVOLUCIÓN DEL EMHORTO-
3- C(/p#i/"n'$% "# "?&r'; !" c/(nic$r> $# "?&r'$n'" !( r"!(#'$% pr /"%i
%"# !i!'"/$ in+r/>'ic )(%ici$# %" c($#:(i"r 'r !i!'"/$ %" c/(nic$ci0n :("
.$r$n'ic" #$ cn!'$nci$ %" #$ r"c"pci0n-
162
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- L$! $c'($cin"! %" $(?i#i )(%ici$# pr$c'ic$%$! !" r"/i'ir>n pr crr" c"r'i+ic$%
!" "n'r".$r>n $# #i'i.$n'" $# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& $# :(" !" &(1i"r"
"nc/"n%$% #$ ."!'i0n %"# "?&r'; :(" #$! pr"!"n'$r> "n "# 0r.$n "?&r'$n'"
%"n'r %" #! cinc KB) %2$! !i.(i"n'"!-
=- E# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& :("; !in )(!'$ c$(!$; %"/r" #$ pr"!"n'$ci0n $#
"?&r'$% #$ %",#(ci0n $# "?&r'$n'" %" #! %"!p$c&! c(*$ ."!'i0n #" &$*$ !i%
cn+i$%$ !"r> !$ncin$% cn /(#'$ %" Mi# L"/pir$! KLp!- 3;III-II) pr c$%$ %2$
%" r"'r$!; !in p"r)(ici %" #$ r"!pn!$1i#i%$% p"n$#-
ART5CULO 3CB-4 COOPERACION JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL-
3- L! %"!p$c&! p$r$ #$ pr>c'ic$ %" $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! "n "# "?'r$n)"r !"
c(r!$r>n cn+r/" $ # "!'$1#"ci% "n #! 'r$'$%! in'"rn$cin$#"! "n :("
Hn%(r$! !"$ p$r'" *; "n !( %"+"c'; "n #$ #".i!#$ci0n in'"rn$ :(" r"!(#'" $p#ic$1#"-
8- A # %i!p("!' pr %ic&$! nr/$! !" "!'$r> '$/1i<n c($n% #$! $('ri%$%"!
)(%ici$#"! "?'r$n)"r$! !#ici'"n #$ cp"r$ci0n %" #! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"!
&n%(r"D!-
Co)etario*
S7 69*'98:&78 6(* '9+(* 67 3(4&893,39(87* 98'7)8,39(8,.7*L
A/ A&F9.9( +,*9;(L C&,86( 7. ,&F9.9( B&6939,.< *7 +967 , ')9A&8,.7* C(86&)7-(*.
B/ A&F9.9( ,3'9;(L C&,86( 7. ,&F9.9( B&6939,.< 7* +7696( +() &8 ')9A&8,. C(86&)7-( , &8(
7F'),8B7)(.
• E8 )7.,39=8 , 7*'7 '74,< ., +)53'93, 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7* 78 7. 7F'),8B7)(< *7
3&)*,)5 67 3(8@()496,6 , .(* '),',6(* 98'7)8,39(8,.7*< *&*3)9'(* +() H(86&),* > +()
7. +,E* 7FC()',6(< > 78 *& 67@73'( 67 3(8@()496,6 , ., .7:9*.,39=8 98'7)8, 67. +,E*
7FC()',6(.
• I:&,. '),'( 78 3,*( 67 ,&F9.9( +,*9;(.
E8 +,E*7* 3(4( .(* ?&7 3(8@()4,8 ., U89=8 E&)(+7,< 7* 3(4K8 7. .9A),4978'( 67 7FC()'(*
78')7 B&G:,6(* 67 69*'98'(* +,E*7*M +7)( 3(8 (')(* +,E*7* ?&7 8( +7)'787378 , ., U89=8
E&)(+7,< *7 +),3'93,8 .(* ,&F9.9(* B&6939,.7* , '),;D* 67 3(49*9=8 )(:,'()9,< +() ., ;E,
3(8*&.,) ( 69+.(45'93, .
CAP5TULO V
DESARROLLO DE LAS AUDIENCIAS
SECCION 3O
DESPACHO ORDINARIO
163
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 3CC-4 DACION DE CUENTA-
3- P$r$ "# %"!p$c& r%in$ri %$r>n c("n'$ #! !"cr"'$ri! $# pn"n'" $# )("7; "n
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ART5CULO 3CE-4 IMPULSO PROCESAL-
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ART5CULO 3CF-4 SUSPENSIÓN DEL PROCESO POR ACUERDO DE LAS PARTES-
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ART5CULO 3CH-4 MAGISTRADO PONENTE-
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ART5CULO 3EI-4 FUNCIONES DEL MAGISTRADO PONENTE-
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164
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- E?$/in$r #$ prp!ici0n %" /"%i! %" pr("1$ :(" #$! p$r'"! pr"!"n'"n "
in+r/$n !1r" !( $%/i!i1i#i%$%; p"r'in"nci$ * ('i#i%$%-
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SECCION 8O
DE LAS AUDIENCIAS
ART5CULO 3E3-4 SEÑALAMIENTO DE AUDIENCIAS-
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"n #! (nip"r!n$#"!; &$c"r #! !"D$#$/i"n'! %" #$! $(%i"nci$!; /"%i$n'"
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pr "# r%"n "n :(" ##".("n $ "!" "!'$%; !in n"c"!i%$% %" :(" # pi%$n #$! p$r'"!-
Co)etario*
E8 3&,8'( ,. 4(6( 67 )7,.9G,) 7. *7-,.,4978'( 67 .,* ;9*',*< 7. A)'. 171 CPC< 69*+(87 ?&7 *7
C,)5 de o/icio %*98 8737*96,6 67 ?&7 .( +96,8 .,* +,)'7*/< +() 7. P)7*9678'7 67. ')9A&8,. %78 .(*
=):,8(* 3(.7:9,6(*/ > +() 7. J&7G %78 .(* =):,8(* &89+7)*(8,.7*/ 4769,8'7 +)(;967839,< > +()
*& ()678 %, 47696, ?&7 .(* +)(37694978'(* ..7:&78 ,. 7*',6( 78 ?&7 67A, 37.7A),)*7 &8, ;9*',
> +() 7. ()678 78 ?&7 ..7:&78 , 7*7 7*',6(/. S(A)7 7*'7 K.'94( +&8'(< *7 ,649'78 7F37+39(87*M
+7)( 7. C=69:(< 8( 78&47), &8, *7)97 67 4,'7)9,*< 78 .,* ?&7 *7 +&76, ,8'7+(87) 7.
*7-,.,4978'( +() *& 4,>() 94+()',839, ( +() 7837)),) &8 98'7)D* +KA.93(< *98( ?&7 *7 )749'7
:78D)93,478'7 , .,* 7F37+39(87* ?&7 +)7;7, ., .7>. A. 7@73'&,) 7. *7-,.,4978'(< 67A7
3(8*967),)*7 ?&7 78')7 D*'7 > ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ;9*', 67A78 4769,) ,. 478(* 697G 6E,*<
*,.;( ?&7 ., .7> +)7;7, ('), 3(*, %A)'. 173 CPC/ > 3(4( 7* .=:93(< ., ;9*', 67A7 37.7A),)*7
78 6E, > C(),* C5A9.7* ( C,A9.9',6(*< '789786( 78 3&78', ?&7 8( *7 )7?&97)7 C,A9.9',39=8
7F+)7*, +,), +)(*7:&9) 78 C(),* 98C5A9.7* .,* ,3'&,39(87* ?&7 *7 98939,)(8 78 C(),* C5A9.7* >
?&7 *7 3(8*967)78 &):78'7*< ,&8?&7 ., ;9*', ',4A9D8 +&767 3(8'98&,) 7. 6E, ( 6E,* *9:&978'7*.
D7A7 78'7867)*7 ?&7 7. *7-,.,4978'( 67 .,* ,&697839,* 7* &8, @&839=8 67. B&7G 78 7. *78'96(
67 3(8*'9'&9) &8, @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,.. S9 78 ., +),3'93, 7F9*'97*7 &8, 67.7:,39=8 78 7.
S73)7',)9(< ( 78 74+.7,6(* 67. D7*+,3C( J&6939,.< 7* 94+7)9(*( 4,8'787) 7. 3(8')(. 67 .,*
49*4,* > )73()6,) ?&7 ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 8( *7 +&767 67.7:,)M 78'(837* *7 67A7 3(4+)(A,)
?&7 .(* *7-,.,4978'(* 67 .,* ,&697839,* *7 67A78 C,37) (A.9:,'()9,478'7 +() 7. ()678 78 ?&7
165
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
..7:&78 , 7*7 7*',6( %37.7A),39=8 67 ,&697839,/M 67 ',. 4,87),< ?&7 *7 ,.7B7 '(6, *(*+73C, 67
@,;()9'9*4( , ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7*.J E8 7*7 *78'96( .,* ,&697839,* 67A78 *7-,.,)*7 *7:K8 .,
+)7;9*9A.7 69@93&.',6 67 ., ,&697839,. P() 7B74+.(L E8 ., ,&697839, +)7.9498,) 67 &8 +)(37*(
()698,)9(< 78 ., ?&7 8( *7 C,>,8 98;(3,6( 7F37+39(87* +)(37*,.7*< C,>, *=.( 6(* +,)'7* > .,
)7*(.&39=8 ;, , 67+7867) 67 ., +)&7A,< *7)5 *&@93978'7 )7*7);,) ?&9837 498&'(* 78 +)(4769(M
+7)( 78 3,4A9( *7)5 8737*,)9( )7*7);,) &8 6E, 3(4+.7'( , &8, ,&697839, +)(A,'()9, 78 ., ?&7
*7 C,>,8 ,649'96( 8K47)(* '7*'9:(*< ( 78 ., ?&7 .(* +7)9'(* 3(4+,)737)58 , *&*'78',) *&*
693'54787* 78 &8, 4,'7)9, 3(4+.7B,.J L( ,3(8*7B,A.7 7* ?&7 7. *7-,.,4978'( 67 .,*
,&697839,* +)(A,'()9,* .,* 67396, 69)73',478'7 7. J&7G< +)7;9, 3(8*&.', 67 *& ,*9*'78'7 78 *&
3,*(< 67 8( *7) ,*E< 69@E39.478'7 +(6)5 +)(:),4,).,* 7@93,G478'7 *9 8( .,* 3(8')(., '(6,*.J
E*'( 67A7 *7) ,*E +()?&7 *9 C,> ,.:( ?&7 +7)B&693, 78()47478'7 ., 94,:78 67 .,
,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,< *(8 .,* *&*+78*9(87* 67 ,&697839,* 8( ,;9*,6,* 3(8 *&@93978'7
'974+( , .(* '7*'9:(* > , .,* +,)'7*< 3(8 ., 3(8*9:&978'7 +D)696, 67 '974+( > 67 )73&)*(*< ,*E
3(4( .,* 4(.7*'9,* ?&7 7..( 3(8..7;,.
ART5CULO 3E8-4 SOLICITUD DE NUEVO SEÑALAMIENTO DE AUDIENCIA
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i/p!i1#" $!i!'ir $ "##$ "n #$ +"c&$; %2$ * &r$ !"D$#$%; pr c$(!$ %" +("r7$ /$*r;
c$! +r'(i' ( 'r /'i, %" $n>#.$ "n'i%$%; # /$ni+"!'$r> %" in/"%i$' $#
'ri1(n$#; $cr"%i'$n% #$ c$(!$ /'i, * !#ici'$n% n(", !"D$#$/i"n'-
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cn!i%"r$r" i/p!i1#" $c(%ir; !i +("r$ $'"n%i1#" * $cr"%i'$%$ #$ !i'($ci0n :("
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(n n(",; !i ci'$ $# '"!'i. p"ri' p$r$ #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #$ $c'($ci0n pr1$'ri$
$n'"! %" #$ $(%i"nci$ !"D$#$%$-
@- Si "# 'ri1(n$# n cn!i%"r$!" $'"n%i1#" $cr"%i'$%$ #$ "?c(!$ %"# '"!'i. %"#
p"ri'; /$n'"n%r> "# !"D$#$/i"n' %" #$ $(%i"nci$ * # n'i+ic$r> $!2 $ $:(<##!;
r":(iri<n%#"! $ c/p$r"c"r; cn "# $p"rci1i/i"n' %" :(" p%r2$ inc(rrir "n
%"#i' %" %"!1"%i"nci$ $ #$ $('ri%$%-
B- C($n% "# 'ri1(n$# $pr"ci" :(" "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; "# #i'i.$n'"; "# p"ri' "#
'"!'i. &$n pr"'"n%i% %i#$'$r "# prc"! &$n prc"%i% !in +(n%$/"n' $#.(n;
p%r> i/pn"r#"! (n$ /(#'$ %" /"%i $ c($'r K@) !$#$ri! /2ni/! /"n!($#"!; !in
p"r)(ici %" # :(" r"!("#,$ !1r" "# n(", !"D$#$/i"n'-
Co)etario*
166
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
L, 9:&,.6,6 67 +,)'7* 7* &8( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* '(),.7* ?&7 394978',8 7. *9*'74, +)(3769478',.
39;9.. C&,86( +() ),G(87* 67 @&7)G, 4,>() ( '(',.478'7 ,B78,* , .,* +,)'7* %6(* ( 4,*
,&697839,* *7-,.,6,* 78 49*4( 6E, > C(),/< 94+(*9A9.9'78 ., ,*9*'7839, ,. +)(3&),6()< ., +,)'7<
,. '7*'9:(< ,. +7)9'( & ('), 39)3&8*',839, ?&7 94+(*9A9.9'7 37.7A),)*7 &8, ,&697839,< 7. ')9A&8,.
8( +&767 7B7)37) ,3'(* ,)A9'),)9(* ?&7 3,&*78 9867@78*9=8 , .,* +,)'7* > 3(8 7..( ;939,) &8,
B&*'939, ,+7:,6, , 67)73C(< 7* +() 7*( ?&7 7*'7 ,)'93&.( ,8'939+, ., +)(A,A9.96,6 8( 4&>
)74(', 67 7*'7 '9+( 67 *9'&,39(87*. D745* 7*', 6739) ?&7 693C, *9'&,39=8 +,), ?&7 +&76,
3(8*967),)*7 *&*+7869A.7 67A7 *7) +() 3,&*, .7:9'94,< >, ?&7 *9 7. ')9A&8,. 3(8*967), ?&7 .,
98'7839=8 +)(;9787 67 &8, 4,., @7 +)(37*,.< 7. B&7G 8( *(.( 67A7 67*7*'94,) ., *&*+78*9=8
*98( ?&7 ,6745*< *9 3(8*967), +)(+9(< *,839(8,) ., 4,., @7 +)(37*,.. R7*&.', 78'78696( ?&7
+)7;9( , &8, 6739*9=8 67. ')9A&8,.< 7* +)739*( *7:&9) 7. +)9839+9( 67 3(8'),69339=8
ART5CULO 3E=-4 TIEMPO PARA LA CELEBRACIÓN DE AUDIENCIAS-
3- P$r$ #$ c"#"1r$ci0n %" #$! $(%i"nci$! !" p%r> "/p#"$r '%$! #$! &r$! &>1i#"! %"#
%2$ "n (n$ />! !"!in"! *; "n c$! n"c"!$ri; cn'in($r "# %2$ %2$! !i.(i"n'"!-
8- S$#, "n #! c$!! "n :(" #$ #"* %i!pn.$ 'r$ c!$; "n'r" "# !"D$#$/i"n' * #$
c"#"1r$ci0n %" #$ $(%i"nci$ %"1"r>n /"%i$r; $# /"n!; %i"7 K3I) %2$! &>1i#"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* "< 117< 11"< 11$ CPCM 3$ C=69:( C9;9..
ART5CULO 3E@-4 CELEBRACIÓN DE LAS AUDIENCIAS-
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#$! p$r'"! * #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$n * r"pr"!"n'"n; !$#, :("
#$ #"* "?i/$ $ #$ p$r'" %" c/p$r"c"r-
=- Si !" &(1i"r$ $%/i'i% pr("1$ !" prc"%"r> $ !( pr>c'ic$ cn+r/" $ # %i!p("!'
"n #$! nr/$! :(" #$ r".(#$n-
@- S".(i%$/"n'" in+r/$r>n; pr !( r%"n; "# $c'r * "# %"/$n%$%; "# r"c(rr"n'" *
"# r"c(rri%; pr /"%i %" #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #"! %"+i"n%$n *
r"pr"!"n'"n; #$! p$r'"! /i!/$!; c($n% #$ #"* # p"r/i'$-
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r"!#(cin"!; ci'$cin"! "/p#$7$/i"n'! :(" $##2 !" &$.$n r$#/"n'"-
167
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
A?&E 78'), 78')7 (')(*< 7. +)9839+9( 67 +&A.9396,6< A,B( .,* 7F37+39(87* >, ,8'7*
47839(8,6,*. L.,4, ., ,'7839=8 ?&7 3(4( 7* (A;9( *7 8737*9', ., 3(4+,)737839, 67. B&7G<
*& S73)7',)9(< .(* +)(3&),6()7*< *7 ,:)7:, ., 3(4+,)737839, 67 .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*. E*'(
K.'94( *7 67A7 , ?&7 7*',* +&7678 *7) 98'7))(:,6,* > *9 78 ,&697839, +)7.9498,) *7 7;,3&, .,
+)&7A, 6(3&478',. > 7. 98'7))(:,'()9( 67 +,)'7 *7 .(:), &8, 73(8(4E, +)(37*,.< >, ?&7 *98
45* ?&7 '),',)< *7 +)(3767)5 , 693',) *78'7839, 678')( 67 .(* 'D)498(* 67 .7>.
ART5CULO 3EB-4 DIRECCIÓN DE LOS DEBATES-
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3- M$n'"n"r; cn '%! #! /"%i! $ !( $#c$nc"; "# 1("n r%"n "n #$! $(%i"nci$!;
"?i.i"n% :(" !" .($r%" "# r"!p"' * cn!i%"r$ci0n %"1i%! $ #! 0r.$n!
)(ri!%iccin$#"! * $ :(i"n"! !" &$##"n $c'($n% $n'" "##!; crri.i"n% "n "# $c' #$!
+$#'$! :(" !" c/"'$n %"# /% :(" !" %i!pn" "n #$ #"*-
8- A.i#i7$r "# %"!$rr## %" #$! $(%i"nci$!; $ c(* "+"c' ##$/$r> #$ $'"nci0n %"#
pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& %" #$ p$r'" :(" "n !(! in'"r,"ncin"! !" !"p$r"n
n'ri$/"n'" %" #$! c("!'in"! :(" !" %"1$'$n; in!'>n%#"! $ ",i'$r %i,$.$cin"!
inn"c"!$ri$!; * !i n $'"n%i"!"n $ #$ !".(n%$ $%,"r'"nci$ :(" "n '$# !"n'i% !" #"!
+r/(#"; p%r> r"'ir$r#"! "# (! %" #$ p$#$1r$-
Co)etario*
R7*&.', ?&7 .(* +)9839+9(* '(),.7* ',4A9D8 *7 C,378 +)7*78'7* 78 7*', 69*+(*939=8 .7:,.< >,
?&7 )7:&., .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 12 67 7*'7 3&7)+( .7:,.. L, 69)7339=8 +)(37*,. 7* 67
;9',. 94+()',839, +() ;,)9(* 4('9;(*< +(674(* 47839(8,) 78')7 7..(* 7. ?&7 .,* ,&697839,*
*7,8 .( 4,* 7F+769',* +(*9A.7*< 7;9',86( 69.,39(87* 988737*,)9,* 4,* 3(8 ., +)73,&39=8 67
;9(.78',) 7. 67)73C( 67 .,* +,)'7*. E. +)(3&),6() '9787 ?&7 ;7) ,. B&7G 3(4( ., ,&'()96,6 ?&7
)7,.478'7 7*< > +() *& +,)'7 7*'7 '9787 ?&7 ;,.7) *& 3(8(394978'(< ,:9.96,6 > ,:&67G, +,),
.(:),) ',. (AB7'9;(< 7*',86( ..,4,6( +,), '(4,) .,* 47696,* 8737*,)9,* +,), 7;9',) 3,7) 78
7*'7 .7',):( > A,B( ., )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 +() *& 98(A*7);,839,.
ART5CULO 3EC-4 DOCUMENTACIÓN DE LAS AUDIENCIAS-
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r"pr%(cci0n %"# !ni% * %" #$ i/$."n ; !i n +("r" p!i1#"; !0# %"# !ni%;
cn+r/" $ # %i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.-
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pr c$(!$ %" +("r7$ /$*r; !" !(!p"n%"r> #$ $(%i"nci$ *; !i n p(%i"r$ r"$n(%$r!"
%"n'r %" #! 'r"! K=) %2$! !i.(i"n'"!; !" %c(/"n'$r> pr /"%i %" $c'$ c/p#"'$
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16"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
C(4( *7 C, 98693,6(< ., 6(3&478',39=8 67 ., ,&697839, *7 C,)5 78 @()4, 67 H,3', *&398',I >
78 @()4, 67 H,3', ;967(:)5@93,I ?&7 983.&>, .( 693C( +() .,* +,)'7*< '7*'9:(* > +7)9'(*< ,*E
3(4( .,* ,.7:,39(87* 67 .(* AA(:,6(*. C&,86( 8( *7, +(*9A.7 ., :),A,39=8 *7 &'9.9G,)5 7.
*9*'74, 67 H,3', 3(4+.7',I ?&7 *&+(87 )73(:7) J+() 7. *73)7',)9(J '(6( .( ,3'&,6( 78 7.
B&939(. L, 987F9*'7839,< ., +D)696, ( 7. 67'7)9()( 67 ., :),A,39=8 ()9:98,.< ?&7 6(3&478', 7.
,3'( +)(37*,.< *&+(87 ., 8&.96,6 67 .( ,3'&,6( +() @,.', 67 6(3&478',39=8 67. +)(37*(. N(
(A*',8'7< 78 7. 3,*( 67 ?&7 ., 987F9*'7839,< +D)696, ( 67'7)9()( ,@73',*7 , &8, 3(+9,< .,
+)(A.745'93, )7*&.', 987F9*'78'7< +&7* A,*', 3(8 ., 7F+76939=8 67 &8, 8&7;, 3(+9, 67 .,
:),A,39=8 ()9:98,.< A,B( 3&*'(69, 67. S73)7',)9( J&6939,.< 8( 94+.93,8< +() *E *(.(*< ., 8&.96,6
,&'(45'93, 67. ,3'( +)(37*,. 78 3&7*'9=8< >, ?&7 7..( 8( *&+(87 8,6, 45* ?&7 ., @,.', 67 .,
3(8*',839, 6(3&478',. 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,.M 67 4(6( ?&7 .( K893( ?&7
)7*&.', ,@73',6( +() ',. (49*9=8< 7* ., 6(3&478',39=8 67. ,3'( ( ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,.< 8( .,
7F9*'7839, ( ;,.967G 67 D*'(*.
L, +D)696, 67 ., 3(8*',839, 6(3&478',. 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,. +&767 *7)
*&A*,8,6, , '),;D* 67. (+()'&8( +)(37694978'( 67 )73(8*')&339=8 67 ,&'(* J,)'E3&.(* 232<
+&7* 8( 67A7 (.;96,)*7 ?&7 .(* ,&'(* 67. +)(37*( ;97878 3(8*'9'&96(* +() ., &89=8 *&37*9;,
67 .(* 69@7)78'7* 7*3)9'(*< 6(3&478'(* ( *(+()'7* 4,'7)9,.7* 3(8 .(* ?&7 *7 6(3&478', > 67B,
3(8*',839, 67 ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 ,3'&,39(87* ( ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* 78 7. 3&)*( 67 &8, 3,&*,
B&6939,.. D7 7*'7 4(6(< *=.( 78 7. *&+&7*'( 67 ?&7 @&7), 94+(*9A.7 ., )73(8*')&339=8 (
)73(8*'9'&39=8 67. *(+()'7 %()9:98,./ ?&7 6(3&478', 7. ,3'( +)(37*,. >< +() ',8'(< )7*&.',)7 67
'(6( +&8'( 94+(*9A.7 '787) 3(8(394978'( 67. 3(8'7896( 67. ,3'( +)(37*,.< 67;786)5 8&.( 7.
,3'( +)(37*,.. L( ?&7 )7*&.', 67'7)498,8'7< +() 3(8*9:&978'7< +,), ?&7 *7 +)(6&G3, ., 8&.96,6
67 .,* ,3'&,39(87* 8( 7* ('), 3(*, ?&7 ., 987F9*'7839, 67 3(8*',839, @7C,3978'7 J> *&@93978'7J
67. 3(8'7896( 67 .( ,3'&,6( > ,3,7396( 78 7. ,3'( +)(37*,.
H73C( 7. *7-,.,4978'( > 8('9@93,6( , .(* *&B7'(* ?&7 C,8 67 98'7);789) 78 ., ;9*',< +&767
*&3767) ?&7 , ,.:&8( 67 7..(* 8( .7 *7, +(*9A.7 ,3&69) 78 7. 6E, *7-,.,6( +() 3,&*, 67 @&7)G,
4,>() %( *949.,)/. E8 7*'(* 3,*(*< 7. 98'7)7*,6( +&767 *(.939',) &8 n!evo señalamiento. E*',
+(*9A9.96,6 *7 )73(:7 78 7. A)'. 172 CPC. L, 8&7;, ()678,39=8 '),', 67 7;9',) V78 .( +(*9A.7
?&7 7*'( *&376,. A*E< *9 ,. )739A9) 7. *7-,.,4978'( 67 &8, ;9*', %( +(3( '974+( 67*+&D*/< &8(
67 .(* 3(8;(3,6(* *,A7 67 ,8'74,8( ?&7 +() 3,&*, :),;7 8( ;, , +(67) ,*9*'9) 7. 6E,
*7-,.,6(< ., 8&7;, L7> +)7@97)7 ?&7 *(.939'7 &8 n!evo señalamiento , ?&7 3(8 986&6,A.7
+7)B&939( +,), .(* +(*9A.7* ,*9*'78'7* *7 +)(6&G3, ., *&*+78*9=8 67 ., ;9*', 7. 49*4( 6E, 67 *&
37.7A),39=8 %( +(3( '974+( ,8'7*/. D7 7*'7 4(6(< 7. CPC 69*'98:&7 .,* 3,&*,* ?&7 +&7678
+)(+939,) &8 n!evo señalamiento %A)'. 172 CPC/< 67 ,?&7..,* ('),* ?&7 +&7678 +)(;(3,) .,
s!spensión 67 ., ;9*', %A)'. 177 CPC/M > , 7*',* K.'94,* *7 ,-,678< ,6745*< .,* ?&7 +&7678
'),7) 3(8*9:( ., interr!pción 67 &8, ;9*', >, 3(478G,6, %A)'. 1"0 CPC/.
S974+)7 ?&7 *7 *(.939'7 &8 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'(< 7. ')9A&8,. C, 67 ;,.(),) ., ),G=8 ?&7 *7
4,89@97*', > *=.( +)(3767)5 , @9B,) &8 8&7;( 6E, +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ;9*', *9 78'97867
?&7 ., 3,&*, ,.7:,6, 7* _atendible y acreditada`. L, 94+(*9A9.96,6 +,), 3(4+,)737) 7. 6E,
*7-,.,6( C, 67 )7@7)9)*7< A978 ,. abogado 67 &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* %A)'. 172.2 CPC/< A978 , .,
parte 49*4,< 3&,86( 8( 7*'D ,*9*'96, +() ,A(:,6( ( )7+)7*78',6, +() +)(3&),6() (< ,K8
7*'586(.(< 3&,86( *& +)7*7839, )7*&.'7 8737*,)9,< 7*+739,.478'7 78 ., +)53'93, 67.
98'7))(:,'()9( 67 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7* %A)'. 172.2 CPC/< ( A978 , &8 testigo ( &8 perito<
16$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+7)( 78 7*'7 3,*( 7. ')9A&8,. 67A7 (E) , .,* +,)'7* 78 7. +.,G( 67 ')7* 6E,* ,8'7* 67 673969)< >
+&767 (+',) +() 6787:,) 7. 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'( > 4,8'787) 7. 98939,.. E8'(837* )7?&7)9)5 ,.
*&B7'( 67 ., +)&7A, , ?&7 3(4+,)7G3, 3(8 7. ,+7)39A94978'( 67. A)'. 231.2 CPC< ( .7 39',)5
(')( 6E, +,), +),3'93,) ., ,3'&,39=8 +)(A,'()9, 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7 @&7), 67 ., ;9*', *7-,.,6, %A)'.
172.3 CPC/.
ART5CULO 3EE-4 SUSPENSIÓN DE LAS AUDIENCIAS-
3- L$ c"#"1r$ci0n %" #$! $(%i"nci$! "n "# %2$ !"D$#$% !0# p%r> !(!p"n%"r!":
$) Pr i/p"%ir#$ #$ cn'in($ci0n %" 'r$ p"n%i"n'" %"# %2$ $n'"rir-
1) Pr +$#'$r "# n9/"r %" /$.i!'r$%! n"c"!$ri! p$r$ %ic'$r r"!#(ci0n pr
in%i!p!ici0n !1r","ni%$ %"# )("7 %"# !"cr"'$ri; !i n p(%i"r" !"r <!'" !(!'i'(i%-
c) Pr !#ici'$r# %" $c("r% #$! p$r'"!; $#".$n% )(!'$ c$(!$ $ )(ici %"# 'ri1(n$#-
%) Pr i/p!i1i#i%$% $1!#('$ %" c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! ci'$%$! p$r$ !"r
in'"rr.$%$! "n #$ $(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$ %"# )(ici r%in$ri "n #$ $(%i"nci$ %"#
)(ici $1r",i$%; !i"/pr" :(" '$# i/p!i1i#i%$%; )(!'i+ic$%$ !(+ici"n'"/"n'" $ )(ici
%"# 'ri1(n$#; !" &(1i"!" pr%(ci% c($n% *$ n +("r$ p!i1#" !#ici'$r n(",
!"D$#$/i"n'-
") Pr /("r'"; "n+"r/"%$% i/p!i1i#i%$% $1!#('$ %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& %"
#$ p$r'" :(" pi%i"r" #$ !(!p"n!i0n; )(!'i+ic$%$! !(+ici"n'"/"n'"; $ )(ici %"# 0r.$n
)(ri!%iccin$#; !i"/pr" :(" '$#"! &"c&! !" &(1i"!"n pr%(ci% c($n% *$ n +("r$
p!i1#" !#ici'$r n(", !"D$#$/i"n'-
+) Pr '"n"r "# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& %! K8) !"D$#$/i"n'! %" $(%i"nci$ p$r$ "#
/i!/ %2$; r"!(#'$n% i/p!i1#"; pr "# &r$ri +i)$%; !( $!i!'"nci$ $ $/1$!;
!i"/pr" :(" $cr"%i'" !(+ici"n'"/"n'" :(" in'"n'0; !in r"!(#'$%; (n n(",
!"D$#$/i"n' :(" ",i'$r$ #$ cinci%"nci$- En "!'" c$!; '"n%r> pr"+"r"nci$ "# )(ici
r$# %" (n$ c$(!$ cri/in$# "n #$ :(" "?i!'$ pri!i0n pr","n'i,$ *; "n %"+"c' %" "!'$
$c'($ci0n; #$ %"# !"D$#$/i"n' />! $n'i.(G !i #! %! K8) !"D$#$/i"n'! +("!"n %"
#$ /i!/$ +"c&$; !" !(!p"n%"r> #$ $(%i"nci$ crr"!pn%i"n'" $# prc"%i/i"n' />!
/%"rn-
.) Pr c$! +r'(i' +("r7$ /$*r-
8- T%$ !(!p"n!i0n :(" "# 'ri1(n$# $c("r%" !" c/(nic$r> in/"%i$'$/"n'" $ #$!
p$r'"! p"r!n$%$! * $ :(i"n"! &(1i"!"n !i% ci'$%! )(%ici$#/"n'" "n c$#i%$% %"
'"!'i.!; p"ri'! "n 'r$ cn%ici0n-
Co)etario*
170
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C(4( >, *7 C, 7F+)7*,6( 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6 *(8 +() 3,&*,* B&*',* > .949',6,* .(* 4('9;(* 67
*&*+78*9=8 67 &8, ,&697839,. E. 8&47),. +)947)( 8(* C,37 ;7) ?&7 7*',* 39)3&8*',839,*
+&7678 *(A)7;789)*7 78 7. 4(478'( 67 ., ,&697839, %+() 7B74+.(L ., 983(4+,)737839, 67
+7)9'( ( '7*'9:(/ ( A978 3(8 ,8'7.,39=8 , ., 49*4,< ',. 3(4( .( 7*',A.737 7. 8&47),. *7:&86(
+7)( 67 67*:.(*, 78 *& +)7;9( 8&47),..
ART5CULO 3EF- NUEVO SEÑALAMIENTO DE LAS AUDIENCIAS
SUSPENDIDAS-
3- En c$! %" !(!p"n!i0n %" #$ $(%i"nci$ !" &$r> "# n(", !"D$#$/i"n' $# $cr%$r!"
#$ !(!p"n!i0n *; !i n +("r" p!i1#"; '$n prn' c/ %"!$p$r"7c$ "# /'i, :(" #$
c$!in0-
8- E# n(", !"D$#$/i"n' !" &$r> p$r$ "# %2$ in/"%i$' p!i1#"; !in $#'"r$r "# r%"n %"
#! :(" *$ "!'(,i"r"n &"c&!-
Co)etario*
L.7:,6( 7. 6E, ?&7 *7 *7-,.= +,), ., ;9*',< +&767 (3&))9) ,.:K8 C73C( ?&7 94+96, *&
37.7A),39=8 > ?&7 +)(;(?&7 ?&7 ., ;9*', 67A, *&*+7867)*7. L,* 3,&*,* 67 *&*+78*9=8 +&7678
*7) 4&> ;,)9,6,* > *7 )73(:78 78 7. A)'. 177.1 CPC. E*'7 +)737+'( 7*',A.737 *97'7 4('9;(*
+() .(* ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 673)7',) ., *&*+78*9=8. A.:&8(* 67 7..(* *(8 ,')9A&9A.7* ,.
+)(+9( trib!nal< 3(4( 7. ?&7 67A, 3(8'98&,)*7 3(8 &8, ;9*', +786978'7 67. 6E, ,8'7)9() %.9'7),.
,/< ( ?&7 @,.'7 ,.:K8 7.7478'( 8737*,)9( 67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. %_+() @,.',) 7. 8K47)( 67
M,:9*'),6(* 8737*,)9( +,), 693',) )7*(.&39=8 ( +() 9869*+(*939=8 *(A)7;7896, 67. J&7G ( 67.
S73)7',)9( J&6939,.< *9 8( +&697)7 *7) *&*'9'&96(`< *7 6937 78 7. .9'7),. A/. T,4A9D8 +)(3767)5 .,
*&*+78*9=8 67 ., ;9*', 3&,86( a /ortiori *7 ,3&7)67 ., *&*+78*9=8 67. +)(37694978'( %.9'7),.
:/. E. )7*'( 67 4('9;(* ,@73',8 78'7),478'7 , .,* +,)'7* ( , *&* 67@78*()7*< > *7 '),', 67 .(*
*9:&978'7* 3,*(* 7F+&7*'(* 67 @()4, *9*'745'93,L
1.J P() ac!erdo de las partes %.9'7),. 3 67. A)'. 177.1 CPC/. D78')( 67 .,* @,3&.',67* 67
69*+(*939=8 67 .,* +,)'7* *(A)7 7. 3&)*( 67. +)(37694978'(< *7 783&78'), ., 67 *(.939',) .,
*&*+78*9=8 67 &8, ;9*', 67'7)498,6,. P,), 7..(< .,* +,)'7* 67A7)58 ,.7:,) #!sta ca!sa< > D*',
67A7)5 *7) ,+)739,6, +() 7. ')9A&8,. ,8'7* 67 673)7',) ., *&*+78*9=8. E* 67 *&+(87) ?&7 7*'7
B&939( 67. ')9A&8,. 8( +&767 9) 45* ,..5 67 3(4+)(A,) ?&7 7F9*'7 ;7)6,67)( ,3&7)6( 67 .,*
+,)'7*< > ?&7 8( *7 .7*9(8,8 98'7)7*7* :787),.7* ( 67 *&B7'(* ,B78(* ,. +)(37*(. S9 D*', 7* .,
3(86939=8 .7:,. ?&7 *7 7*',A.737 +,), *&*+7867) 78'7),478'7 7. +)(37694978'(< 8( +,)737
),G(8,A.7 *7) 45* 7*')93'( , ., C(), 67 *&*+7867) &8, *(., ,3'&,39=8M .( 3&,. 8( ?&97)7 6739)
?&7 ., *&*+78*9=8 +&76, (A76737) ,. 3,+)93C( 67 .,* +,)'7*< +()?&7< 78 ',. 3,*(< +&767
78'7867)*7 ?&7 7* *&@93978'7 +7)B&939( 7. (3,*9(8,6( ,. +7)*(8,. B&G:,6() > 8( B&G:,6() ?&7
67A7 ,*9*'9) , ., 37.7A),39=8 67 &8, ;9*',< 7 983.&*( 7. +)(6&396( , .,* +7)*(8,* ,@73',6,* +()
.,* 69@7)78'7* ;9*',* ?&7 8( C,8 +(696( 37.7A),)*7< ,. 7*',) +786978'7 ., ;9*', ?&7 *7 +)7'7867
*&*+7867).

2J P() imposibilidad absol!ta de c!al!iera de las partes citadas para ser interrogadas. P()
',8'(< +,), 673)7',) 7*', *&*+78*9=8 7* +)739*( ?&7 78 ., ;9*', ;,>, , +),3'93,)*7 7*'7 4769(
171
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(A,'()9( > ?&7 ., +,)'7 ,@73',6, 8( +&76, 78 'D)498(* ,A*(.&'(* )7*+(867) ,.
98'7))(:,'()9(< *98 ?&7 *7 +)7;7,8 7F+)7*,478'7 (')(* 4('9;(* 67 *&*+78*9=8 +,), ., +,)'7
?&7 8( +&76, 3(4+,)737)< 89 *9?&97), 78 .(* +)(37*(* 78 ?&7 3,)7G3, 67 67@78*, .7'),6, ( 67
)7+)7*78',39=8 +() +)(3&),6()M > 7..( , 69@7)7839, 67 .( ?&7 *&3767 +,), *(.939',) &8 8&7;(
*7-,.,4978'(. L( ,8'7)9() C, *96( 3)9'93,6( +() ., 6(3')98,M +7)(< *98 74A,):(< 8( C,> 6&6,
67 ?&7 3,A7 ,+.93,) +() ,8,.(:E, ., 8()4, 39',6, *(A)7 7. 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'(< ,8'7 ., 3.,),
9678'96,6 67 .(* *&+&7*'(* @53'93(*< 78 .(* 3,*(* 78 ?&7 ., +,)'7 3(4+,)7G3, +() 7.., 49*4, >
8( +&76, ,*9*'9) , ., ;9*',.
=-4 S9 ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 ,A*(.&', +,), ,*9*'9) , ., ;9*', ,@73', ,. abogado. L, .7> 8( 7*',A.737
.949',39=8 )7.,'9;, , .,* ,3'&,39(87* ?&7 78 7.., 67A,8 +),3'93,)*7. L( K893( 7* ?&7< 78 7*'7
3,*(< ., 8()4, 47839(8,< B&8'( , 693C, _94+(*9A9.96,6 ,A*(.&',`< ., _4&7)'7` (
_78@7)476,6` 67. ,A(:,6( 3(4( 3,&*,* :787),6(),* 67 *&*+78*9=8 9867+786978'7* 67 .,
,8'7)9(). N( *7 C,37 ,*E 78 7. 3,*( 67 .,* +,)'7*M +7)( ., m!erte 67 ,.:&8, 67 7..,* +)(6&37 .,
*&*+78*9=8 67 '(6( 7. +)(37*( %A)'. 72 CPC/< > *& en/ermedad *7)5 )7.7;,8'7< , .(* 7@73'(*
67 *&*+7867) ., ;9*',< 78 ., 47696, 78 ?&7 .7 94+96, 98'7);789) 67 4(6( ,A*(.&'( 78 .,
+)&7A, 67 98'7))(:,'()9( 67 .,* +,)'7* %( 78 .,* 6745* ,3'&,39(87*< *9 3,)737 67 ,A(:,6( >
+)(3&),6()/.
L, .7> 7F9:7 ?&7 ',8'( ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 ,A*(.&', 67 ., +,)'7 3(4( ., 67. ,A(:,6(< C,>,8 67
#!sti/icarse s!/icientemente a #!icio del trib!nal. L&7:( 8( *=.( *7 ,.7:,)5 693C,
94+(*9A9.96,6 *98( ?&7 ',4A9D8 67A7 @&86,478',)*7< > ?&76, , 3)9'7)9( 67. ')9A&8,. ;,.(),) .,
*&@9397839, 67. 4('9;( ,.7:,6( > *& B&*'9@93,39=8. D7 7*'7 4(6(< *7 +)(3&),8 7;9',) ,A&*(* >
+(*9A.7* +7)B&939(* , ?&978 *E +&6( 3(4+,)737). A6745*< 7. ')9A&8,. 8( ,3()6,)5 .,
*&*+78*9=8 67 ., ;9*', *9 7. C73C( ?&7 +)(;(3, ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 +,), ,*9*'9) *7 +)(6&B( 3(8
'974+( *&@93978'7 +,), *(.939',) &8 n!evo señalamiento >< *98 74A,):(< D*'7 8( *7 7@73'&=.J
A8'7* 67 +,*,) ,. 4('9;( *9:&978'7< 3,A7 *7-,.,) ?&7 7. CPC 8( 47839(8, 78')7 .,* 3,&*,*
?&7 (3,*9(8,8 ., *&*+78*9=8 %A)'. 177 CPC/ ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 67. proc!rador 67 &8, 67 .,*
+,)'7* +,), ,3&69) ,. ,3'( 67 ., ;9*',< +7)( *9 3(8*'9'&>7 &8 4('9;( +() 7. ?&7 *7 +7)49',
*(.939',) &8 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'( %A)'. 172 CPC/.
@-4 P() '787) 7. +)(@7*9(8,. 67. 67)73C(< dos señalamientos coincidentes %A)'. 177.1.: CPC/.
Siempre !e acredite s!/icientemente !e, intentó, sin res!ltado, !n n!evo señalamiento !e
evitara la coincidencia. E8 7*'7 3,*(< '786)5 +)7@7)7839, 7. B&939( (),. 67 &8, 3,&*, 3)9498,.
78 ., ?&7 7F9*', +)9*9=8 +)7;78'9;, >< 78 67@73'( 67 7*', ,3'&,39=8< ., 67. *7-,.,4978'( 45*
,8'9:&(. S9 .(* 6(* *7-,.,4978'(* @&7*78 67 ., 49*4, @73C,< *7 *&*+7867)5 ., ,&697839,
3())7*+(86978'7 ,. +)(37694978'( 45* 4(67)8(/. P() ',8'(< ',4A9D8 78 7*'(* 3,*(* ,. 9:&,.
?&7 78 .(* *&+&7*'(* 67. 8K47)( ,8'7)9()< ., )7:., :787),. 7* ?&7 )7*&.', +)7@7)9A.7 *(.939',)
3(8 '974+( 7. 8&7;( *7-,.,4978'(< , *&*+7867) ., ;9*', 7. 49*4( 6E, 67 *& 37.7A),39=8 (
+(3( '974+( ,8'7*.
B) C,*( 1()'&9'( ( @&7)G, 4,>(). P,)737 ?&7 3(8 7*', 69*+(*939=8 7. A)'. 177 CPC< 8( '9787
3,)53'7) ',*,6(< +() 7. 3(8'),)9(< *&+(87 &8 n!mer!s apert!s< +&7* +7*7 , ?&7 7. 9839*( 98939,.
67 7*'7 +)737+'( 7* 4&> 3.,)( ,. )7*+73'(L H., 37.7A),39=8 67 &8, ;9*', 78 7. 6E, *7-,.,6(
_sólo podr% s!spenderse` +() .(* 4('9;(* ?&7 *7 47839(8,8 , 3(8'98&,39=8]I A6(+',86(
67 7*', @()4, &8 3)9'7)9( )7*')93'9;( , ., C(), 67 +7)49'9) ., *&*+78*9=8 67 &8, ;9*',< > 8(
172
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+,)737 +(*9A.7 ?&7 ,?&D.., *7 ,3&7)67 +() (')(* 4('9;(* 69*'98'(*< >, *7,8 ,.7:,6(* +() .,*
+,)'7* ( ,+)739,6(* 67 (@939( +() 7. ')9A&8,.. S98 74A,):(< +)(3767 *9:89@93,) ., 8737*96,6 67
4,'9G,) 7*', ',F,'9;96,6< +78*,86( 78 ,.:&8(* *&+&7*'(* ?&7 +&7678 B&*'9@93,) ., *&*+78*9=8
783,B586(.(* 78 7. .9'7),. :/ 67. +)737+'( H3,*( @()'&9'( ( @&7)G, 4,>()I _67 3&,.?&97), 67 .,*
+,)'7* 39',6,*< 3(8 9867+7867839, 67 *& 98'7))(:,'()9(< 78 +)(37*(* 6(867 8( 7* +)737+'9;, .,
+(*'&.,39=8 +)(37*,.< 67 '7*'9:(* > +7)9'(*< 67. +)(3&),6() ( )73&*,39=8 67. B&7G (
4,:9*'),6(`.J
N( 3,A7 6&6, 67 ?&7 7* +(*9A.7 *&*+7867) ., ;9*', 78 3,*(* 69*'98'(* , .(* +)7;9*'(* 78 7. A)'.
177 CPC 3&,86( ,+,)7378 )73(:96(* 78 (')(* +)737+'(* .7:,.7*< 3(4( (3&))7 3(8 ,.:&8(* 67
.(* *&+&7*'(* 47839(8,6(* 78 ., 39', ,8'7)9(). A*E *&3767 *9 C,> ,.:K8 3,4A9( 78 7. +7)*(8,.
B&G:,6() +(*'7)9() ,. *7-,.,4978'( > *7 rec!sa ,. 8&7;( 98'7:),8'7 67. ')9A&8,. ,. 3(4978G(
67 ., ;9*', %7. A)'. 17$ CPC 67'7)498, ., *&*+78*9=8 67 ., 49*4,/M ,. 9:&,. ?&7 3,A7 674(),)
7. 'D)498( *7-,.,6( +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ;9*', *9 *7 ,+)739, ., 3,&*, :78D)93, 67 @&7)G,
4,>() %+)7;9*', 78 7. A)'. 123 CPC/< S98 74A,):(< 3&,86( *7 '),'7 67 4('9;(* ?&7 8( 7*'58
+)7;9*'(* .7:,.478'7< +78*,4(* ?&7 7* +)7@7)9A.7 ?&7 7. ')9A&8,. *7, ',F,'9;( > ?&7 ., ;9*', *7
37.7A)7< >, ?&7 ., ()978',39=8 67. CPC V3(4( *7 C, 96( ;9786( 7* 7;9',) ,. 45F94( .,*
*&*+78*9(87* > .(:),) ?&7 .,* ,3'&,39(87* 3(8'98K78< *974+)7 ?&7 *7, +(*9A.7M ,6745*< C,*',
?&7 8( *7 674&7*')7 .( 3(8'),)9(< ., .7> (@)737 ,. ')9A&8,. *&@93978'7 4,):78 67 ,3'&,39=8
+,), 67B,) 78 *&*+78*( .,* ,3'&,39(87* 78 .(* 3,*(* 78 ?&7 )7*&.', 8737*,)9(.
E. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< 8( 7*',A.737 +)(37694978'( ,.:&8( +,), *(.939',) ., *&*+78*9=8 ,
98*',839, 67 +,)'7< > *7 *&+(87 ?&7 *9 .( +9678 ,. 6,) 3(4978G( 7. ,3'( 67 ., ;9*',< ',. +7'939=8
+&767 7@73'&,)*7 ;7)A,.478'7< > *9 *7 )7,.9G, 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6< C,A)5 67 C,37)*7 +() 7*3)9'(.
E8 3&,.?&97) 3,*( *7 67A7)5 ,3(4+,-,) .(* 6(3&478'(* B&*'9@93,'9;(* 67 ., 3,&*, ,.7:,6,
3(4(< +() 7B74+.(< 7. B&*'9@93,8'7 4D693( 78 3,*( 67 78@7)476,6 67. ,A(:,6( ( 67 ., +,)'7< (
&8, 3(+9, 67 ., 8('9@93,39=8 67. *7-,.,4978'( 3(9839678'7. Y, *7 ,3&7)67 67 (@939( ( ,
+7'939=8 67 +,)'7< ., *&*+78*9=8 *7 673969)5 _4769,8'7 +)(;967839,`M > '(6, *&*+78*9=8 _*7
3(4&893,)5 984769,',478'7 , .,* +,)'7* +7)*(8,6,* > , ?&9787* C&A97*78 *96( 39',6(*
B&6939,.478'7 78 3,.96,6 67 '7*'9:(*< +7)9'(* ( 78 ('), 3(86939=8` %A)'. 177.2 CPC/.
E* 7*'7 &8( 67 .(* 54A9'(* 4,* @)73&78'7* 78 ., +)53'93, B&6939,. 67 98;(3,39=8 67 ., 8&.96,6
67 &8 ,3'( +)(37*,. +() 9867@78*9=8 67 &8, +,)'7 .9'9:,8'7. A. )7*+73'(< 67A74(* )749'9)8(* ,
., 6(3')98, 67. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. 7*+,-(. )7*+73'( , ., 8( *&*+78*9=8 67 ;9*',* +()
98,*9*'7839, 67 ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* ( *&* 67@78*()7*< ?&7 +&767 *7) )7*&496, 67 ., *9:&978'7
@()4, > ?&7 *9);7 67 +,&', 78 7. 7*'&69( 67. +)737+'( 3(478',6(L
1P E8 ,),* , ., +)('7339=8 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., 7@73'9;,< .,* 8()4,* ?&7 )7:&.,8 .,
*&*+78*9=8 67 ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*< 47)7378 T&8, 98'7)+)7',39=8 @.7F9A.7 > ,8'9@()4,.9*', 67 7*',
8()4,/< 3(8:)&78'7 3(8 7. +)(+=*9'( 67. .7:9*.,6()< ?&7 8( 7* (')( ?&7 7. 67 )7*')98:9) 78 .(
+(*9A.7 .,* *&*+78*9(87* 984('9;,6,* ( *(.,+,6,478'7 69.,'()9,*.
2P C(4( 898:K8 67)73C( @&86,478',. 7* 9.949',6( >< 78 3(83)7'( .(* 67)73C(* +)(37*,.7* 67
&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* *7 3(8'),))7*',8 ( 3(4+78*,8 3(8 .(* 67 ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,< C, ,6;7)'96( 7.
T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. ?&7 T',. 98'7)+)7',39=8 8( +&767 ,4+,),) ,3'9'&67* 3,)78'7* 67 .,
69.9:7839, 67A96, +() +,)'7 67. 98'7)7*,6(< .7*9;,* 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, 67
., 3(8'),+,)'7< 67 ., :,),8'E, , &8 +)(37*( *98 69.,39(87* 9867A96,* ( , ., )7:&.,)96,6< A&78
@&839(8,4978'( >< 78 67@989'9;,< 98'7:)96,6 (AB7'9;, 67. +)(37*(.
173
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3P L, )7,.96,6 67 ., 3,&*, 67 *&*+78*9=8 ?&7 *7 98;(?&7 C, 67 *7) TC, 67 *7) ,6;7),6,< 3(8
7@93,39, +)(A,'()9, > @&7)G, 67 3(8;9339=8 *&@93978'7 +,), ..7;,) ,. 5894( 67. B&G:,6() .,
;7),396,6 67 ., 39)3&8*',839, 94+769'9;, 67 ., ,*9*'7839, >< 78 '(6( 3,*(< 7* ,. =):,8( B&6939,.
, ?&978 3())7*+(867 ,+)739,) ., 3(83&))7839, 67 .,* 39)3&8*',839,* 94+(*9A9.9',8'7* 67 .,
3(4+,)737839, +,), ,3()6,) ., *&*+78*9=8 67. B&939(< 6739*9=8 ?&7 8( ,649'7
69*3)739(8,.96,6 ,.:&8, +&7* *7 C, 67 ,6(+',) 78 @&839=8 67 39)3&8*',839,* 3(83)7',*<
+)(A,6,* 7 96=87,* +,), B&*'9@93,) ., *&*+78*9=8< ,673&,39=8 ?&7 7* )7;9*,A.7 78 ;E, 67
)73&)*( .
ART5CULO 3EH-4 CAMBIOS EN EL PERSONAL JU6GADOR DESPUNS DEL
SEÑALAMIENTO DE AUDIENCIAS Y POSIBLE RECUSACIÓN-
3- C($n% %"!p(<! %" "+"c'($% "# !"D$#$/i"n' * $n'"! %" #$ c"#"1r$ci0n %" #$
$(%i"nci$ &(1i"r$ c$/1i$% "# )("7 $#.9n /$.i!'r$% in'".r$n'" %"# 'ri1(n$#; '$n
#(". c/ "## c(rr$ *; "n '% c$!; $n'"! %" %$r!" principi $ #$ $(%i"nci$; !"
&$r>n !$1"r pr "!cri' %ic&! c$/1i! $ #$! p$r'"! cn $n'"#$ci0n !(+ici"n'"; !in
p"r)(ici %" prc"%"r $ !( c"#"1r$ci0n; $ n !"r :(" +("!" r"c(!$%; $(n:(" !"$
,"r1$#/"n'"; "# )("7 $#.(n %" #! /$.i!'r$%! :("; c/ cn!"c("nci$ %"#
c$/1i; &(1i"r"n p$!$% $ +r/$r p$r'" %"# 'ri1(n$#-
8- Si !" +r/(#$r" #$ r"c(!$ci0n $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir; !" !(!p"n%"r> #$
$(%i"nci$ * !" 'r$/i'$r> "# inci%"n'" !".9n # %i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.; &$ci<n%!"
"# n(", !"D$#$/i"n' (n$ ,"7 r"!("#'$ #$ r"c(!$ci0n-
Co)etario*
E. +7)*(8,. B&G:,6() .( 3(4+)78678 .(* B&737* ( 4,:9*'),6(* ?&7 7;,3&,6( 7. +)(37*(<
693',),8 )7*(.&39=8 )7@7)78'7 ,. 67A,'7. C(4( >, *7 C, 47839(8,6( 78 7. +)9839+9( 67
984769,39=8< 7. B&7G ?&7 693'7 ., *78'7839, C, 67 *7) 7. 49*4( ?&7 C,>, +)7*7839,6( >
69)9:96( ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,< *( +78, 67 8&.96,6< *98 +7)B&939( , 7F37+39(87* +)7;9*',*.
N='7*7 ?&7 7. +)7*78'7 3,*( 8(* C,A., 67 ?&7 ',. *&37*( 7* ,8'7* 67 37.7A),39=8 67 ,&697839,
> +)9839+,.478'7 *7 3(8378'), 78 ., ,A*'7839=8 ( )73&*,39=8. E* 67 ;7)6,67), 8737*96,6 ?&7<
67 (3&))9) ',. *&37*(< *7 C,:, 67. 3(8(394978'( 67 .,* +,)'7*< >, ?&7 *9 ,.:&8, 67 7..,*
783&78'), 9:&,. *9'&,39=8 78 7. 8&7;( B&G:,6() +&76, C,37) ;,.7) *&* 67)73C(* > :,),8'9G,)
&8, 67A96, 94+,)'939=8 67 B&*'939,.
ART5CULO 3FI-4 INTERRUPCIÓN DE LAS AUDIENCIAS-
3- Un$ ,"7 inici$%$ #$ c"#"1r$ci0n %" (n$ $(%i"nci$; !0# p%r> in'"rr(/pir!":
$) C($n% "# 'ri1(n$# %"1$ r"!#,"r $#.(n$ c("!'i0n inci%"n'$# :(" n p("%$
%"ci%ir "n "# $c'-
174
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1) C($n% !" %"1$ pr$c'ic$r $#.(n$ %i#i."nci$ %" pr("1$ +("r$ %" #$ !"%" %"#
'ri1(n$# * n p(%i"r$ ,"ri+ic$r!" "n "# 'i"/p in'"r/"%i "n'r" (n$ * 'r$ !"!i0n-
c) C($n% n c/p$r"7c$n #! '"!'i.! #! p"ri'! ci'$%! )(%ici$#/"n'" * "#
0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# cn!i%"r" i/pr"!cin%i1#" #$ %"c#$r$ci0n "# in+r/" %" #!
/i!/!-
%) C($n%; %"!p(<! %" inici$%$ #$ $(%i"nci$; !" pr%(7c$ $#.(n$ %" #$!
circ(n!'$nci$! :(" &$1r2$n %"'"r/in$% #$ !(!p"n!i0n %" !( c"#"1r$ci0n-
8- L$ $(%i"nci$ !" r"$n(%$r> (n$ ,"7 %"!$p$r"ci%$ #$ c$(!$ :(" /'i,0 !(
in'"rr(pci0n !i"/pr" * c($n% !" r"$#ic" %"n'r #! ,"in'" K8I) %2$! &>1i#"! $ !(
in'"rr(pci0n &$ci<n%!" "# pr'(n !"D$#$/i"n' p$r$ #$ +"c&$ />! in/"%i$'$
p!i1#"-
Co)etario*
C(4( +&8'( 67 +,)'96,< +)(3767 *9:89@93,) ?&7 7*'7 .9*',6( 67 3,&*,* 67 98'7))&+39=8< +&767
*7) 98*&@93978'7*L *(A)7'(6( +()?&7 C, ?&76,6( 7;967839,6( 78 7*'7 8&7;( C=69:(< ?&7 .,
(),.96,6 *&+(87 ., 3(8378'),39=8 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87*.
E* *,A96( ?&7 78 7*'7 8&7;( +)(37694978'( (),.< ., +)(+(*939=8 > ., +)53'93, 67 .(* 4769(*
67 +)&7A, *7 ..7;,8 , 3,A( 78 7. ,3'( 67 ., ;9*',< +() .( ?&7 3(8 )7.,'9;, @)73&7839, .,*
;9*',* ?&76,)58 98'7))&4+96,* +,), +(67) +),3'93,) ,.:&8, 67 .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* >
,649'96,*. P() 7B74+.(< 3&,86( 78 ., ;9*',< 7. 674,86,6( *(.939', ., 67*9:8,39=8 B&6939,. 67
+7)9'(< ( 983.&*( *9 7. ,3'() +)(+(87 7*', +)&7A, , ),EG 67 .,* ,.7:,39(87* 7@73'&,6,* +() 7.
3(8'),)9( ,. 3(8'7*',) , ., 674,86, 78 ., +)(+9, ;9*', %A)'. 31$ > 321 CPC/. E8 3,*( 67 ?&7
7*',* +)&7A,* *7 ,649',8 +() K'9.7* > +7)'9878'7*< 8( ?&76,)5 45* )74769( ?&7 98'7))&4+9)
.,* ,3'&,39(87*< 78 7*+739,. *9 ,?&D..,* *7 3(8*967),8 94+)7*39869A.7* ( 4&> 3(8;78978'7*
+,), 7. 7*3.,)7394978'( 67 .(* C73C(*. A. )7*+73'(< 7* 3.,), ., ,8,.(:E, 78')7 7*'(* *&+&7*'(*
> 7. )7:&.,6( 7F+)7*,478'7 78 7. A)'. 1"0.1.3/ CPCM +7)( +(6)E, 3(8;789) &8 8&7;( *&+&7*'(
?&7 )73(:97), .,* +,)'93&.,)96,67* 67 ., +)&7A, +7)939,.< ',4A9D8 78 .( )7.,'9;( ,. '974+( ?&7
+&767 '),8*3&))9) C,*', ., )7,8&6,39=8 67 ., ;9*',< +()?&7 7. +)7;9*'( 3(8 3,)53'7) :787),.
;798'7 6E,* +&767 *7) 98*&@93978'7 +,), ., 7.,A(),39=8 > 749*9=8 67 ,.:&8(* 693'54787*.
E8 7@73'(< > >, +,), '7)498,)< 7. A)'. 1"0.2 CPC< 69*+(87 ?&7L _C&,86( 8( +&76, )7,8&6,)*7
., ;9*', 678')( 67 .(* ;798'7 6E,* *9:&978'7* , *& 98'7))&+39=8 *7 +)(3767)5 , ., 37.7A),39=8 67
8&7;, ;9*',< C,39D86(*7 7. (+()'&8( *7-,.,4978'( +,), ., @73C, 45* 984769,', +(*9A.7`.
C(8 )7*+73'( , .( ?&7 7*',A.737 7. ,)'E3&.( ,8'7)9()< > 78 7. *&+&7*'( 67 ., 983(4+,)737839,
67 '7*'9:(* ( +7)9'(*< 7* A&78( )73()6,) ?&7 *(.( *7 +)(6&37 ., 98'7))&+39=8 3&,86( 7.
J&G:,6( 3(8*967)7 H94+)7*39869A.7I ., 673.,),39=8 67 .(* '7*'9:(* ( 7. 98@()47 67 +7)9'(*. N(
(A*',8'7< ,&8?&7 ., 98'7))&+39=8 8( *7 +)(6&39)5 67 4,87), 984769,', ,. 4(478'( 78 ?&7 *7
67'73'7 ., ,&*7839, 67. '7*'9:( ( +7)9'(< ., ,&697839, 3(8'98&,)5< +,), .( 6745* C,*', 7.
4(478'( +)7;9( , .,* ,.7:,39(87*< > *9 7. J&7G 7*'94, ?&7 3(8 ., +)&7A, +),3'93,6, '9787
7.7478'(* 67 B&939( *&@93978'7* +,), 673969) *(A)7 7. ,*+73'( @53'93( J*974+)7 ?&7 *7 .7 C,>,
+7696( ., 98'7))&+39=8J 6787:,)5 ., 49*4,< *98 +7)B&939( 67 ?&7 ., +,)'7 +&76, *(.939',) .,
7B73&39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 8( +),3'93,6, 78 ., *7:&86, 98*',839,.
175
Código Procesal Civil Comentado

SECCION =O
VOTACIONES Y FALLOS DE LOS LITIGIOS
ART5CULO 3F3-4 REDACCIÓN Y FIRMA-
3- En #! $!(n'! :(" %"1$n +$##$r!" %"!p(<! %" #$ c"#"1r$ci0n %" (n$ $(%i"nci$; #$
r"%$cci0n * +ir/$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n; "n #! 0r.$n! (nip"r!n$#"!; #$ %"#i1"r$ci0n
* ,'$ci0n; "n #! 0r.$n! c#".i$%!; !" r"$#i7$r>n; r"!p"c'i,$/"n'"; pr "# )("7
pr #! /$.i!'r$%! :(" &$*$n $!i!'i% $ #$ $(%i"nci$; $(n:(" %"!p(<! %" <!'$
&(1i"r$n %")$% $:(<##! %" ")"rc"r !(! +(ncin"! "n "# 'ri1(n$# :(" cn7c$ %"#
$!(n'-
8- S" "?c"p'9$n %" # %i!p("!' "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir #! )("c"! * /$.i!'r$%! :(";
%"!p(<! %" #$ $(%i"nci$:
$) H(1i"!"n p"r%i% #$ cn%ici0n %" )("7 /$.i!'r$%-
1) H(1i"!"n !i% !(!p"n%i%! %"# ")"rcici %" !(! +(ncin"!-
3/ H(1i"!"n $cc"%i% $ c$r. p91#ic pr+"!i0n inc/p$'i1#" cn "# ")"rcici %"
#$ +(nci0n )(ri!%iccin$#- S" $p#ic$r> n 1!'$n'"; # %i!p("!' "n "# n(/"r$# 3
%" "!'" $r'2c(# $ #! )("c"! * /$.i!'r$%! )(1i#$%! pr "%$% * $ #! )("c"! pr
'i"/p %"'"r/in$% :(" &$*$n c"!$% pr r"n(nci$ pr "# 'r$n!c(r! %"#
p#$7 p$r$ "# :(" +("rn n/1r$%!-
Co)etario*
E8 (A7697839, ,. +)9839+9( 67 984769,39=8< 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< 7*',A.737 .(* *9:&978'7*
3)9'7)9(* 67 ;,.(),39=8L
1.J C&,86( 67*+&D* 67 ., 37.7A),39=8 67 &8, ;9*', ( ,&697839,< 67A, @,..,)*7 ,.:K8 ,*&8'(< .,
)76,339=8 > @9)4, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8< 78 .(* =):,8(* &89+7)*(8,.7* %B&G:,6(* 67 .7'),* /< ( .,
67.9A7),39=8 > ;(',39=8< 78 .(* =):,8(* 3(.7:9,6(* % 3()'7* 67 ,+7.,39(87* /< *7 )7,.9G,)58<
)7*+73'9;,478'7< +() 7. B&7G ( +() .(* 4,:9*'),6(* ?&7 C,>,8 ,*9*'96( , ., ,&697839,< ,&8?&7
67*+&D* 67 D*', C&A97),8 67B,6( ,?&D..(* 67 7B7)37) *&* @&839(87* 78 7. ')9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(G3,
67. ,*&8'(M 983.&*( ,?&7..(* B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(* B&A9.,6(* +() 76,6 > , .(* B&737* +()
'974+( 67'7)498,6( ?&7 C,>,8 37*,6( +() )78&839, ( +() 7. '),8*3&)*( 67. +.,G( +,), 7. ?&7
@&7)(8 8(4A),6(*.
AC(), A978< ., )76,339=8 67. +)737+'( 67'7)498,)5 &8, 98'7))(:,8'7< 78 7. *78'96( 67 *,A7)
?&7 +,*,)E, ( +,*,)5< *9 .(* 7FJ@&839(8,)9(* ?&7 ,*9*'97)(8 , ., ,&697839, 8( +&7678 *7)
.(3,.9G,6(* +() 898:K8 4769(< ( *7 897:,8 , 3(4+,)737). E8 7*'(* 3,*(* *7 6,)E, 7. 7;78'&,.
3,*( 67 )7+7'9) 78 *& '(',.96,6 .,* ,&697839,* )7,.9G,6,*.
2.J S7 7F37+'K,8 67 7*', 8()4, .(* B&737* > 4,:9*'),6(* ?&7< 67*+&D* 67 ., ,&697839,L
• H,>,8 +7)696( ., 3(86939=8 67 B&7G ( 4,:9*'),6(M
• H,>,8 *96( *&*+78696(* 67. 7B7)3939( 67 *&* @&839(87*M
176
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• A?&7..(* ?&7 C&A97*78 ,337696( , 3,):( +KA.93( ( +)(@7*9=8 983(4+,'9A.7 3(8 7.
7B7)3939( 67 ., @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,..
ART5CULO 3F8-4 INFORMACIÓN SOBRE EL CONTENIDO DE LOS
EMPEDIENTES-
3- E# pn"n'" '"n%r> $ !( %i!p!ici0n "# "?p"%i"n'" p$r$ %ic'$r !"n'"nci$ r"!#(ci0n
%"ci!ri$ %" inci%"n'"! r"c(r!!; * #! %"/>! /i"/1r! %"# 'ri1(n$# p%r>n
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ART5CULO 3F=-4 DELIBERACION Y VOTACION-
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in/"%i$'$/"n'" %"!p(<! %" #$ $(%i"nci$; !i <!'$ !" c"#"1r$r" *; "n 'r c$!; !"D$#$r> "#
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#"*-
ART5CULO 3F@-4 DISCUSIÓN DE LAS RESOLUCIONES-
3- En #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! c#".i$%!; #$ %i!c(!i0n * ,'$ci0n %" #$!
r"!#(cin"! !"r> %iri.i%$ pr "# pr"!i%"n'" * !" ,"ri+ic$r> !i"/pr" $ p("r'$
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* #$! c("!'in"! * +(n%$/"n'! %" %"r"c&; $!2 c/ #$ %"ci!i0n :("; $ !( )(ici;
%"1$ r"c$"r *; pr",i$ #$ %i!c(!i0n n"c"!$ri$; !" prc"%"r> $ #$ ,'$ci0n-
ART5CULO 3FB-4 VOTACION DE LAS RESOLUCIONES-
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p$r'" %" #$ %"ci!i0n :(" &$*$ %" %ic'$r!"-
177
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
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in,"r! $ !( $n'i.Q"%$% "n "# ")"rcici %"# c$r.- E# pr"!i%"n'" ,'$r> pr 9#'i/-
=- E/p"7$%$ #$ ,'$ci0n; n p%r> in'"rr(/pir!" !in pr $#.9n i/p"%i/"n'
in!(p"r$1#"-
Co)etario*
T7)498,6, ., ;9*',< 7. +.79'( ?&76, 78 7*',6( 67 *78'7839,< @,*7 78 ., 3&,. .,* +,)'7* >, 8(
'97878 898:&8, 98'7);7839=8< 7* +() 7..( *7 ?&7 67.9A7),39=8 > @,..( *7 C,37 , +&7)', 37)),6,M
., ;(',39=8 8( 67A7 *7) 98'7))&4+96,< *98(< +() ,.:K8 94+769478'( 98*&+7),A.7.
L, 67.9A7),39=8 7* ., 69*3&*9=8 67 .(* +&8'(* 67 C73C( > 67 67)73C( ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,8
3(8')(;7)'96( 78 *&* +)7'78*9(87* %674,86, > 3(8'7*',39=8< )73(8;7839=8 > *& )7*+73'9;,
3(8'7*',39=8/. P)739*,478'7 +() 7*'(< ., 6739*9=8 ( *78'7839, 67A7)5 3(4+)7867) '(6(* .(*
+&8'(* 67A,'96(* +,), ?&7 7. @,..( *7, 3(8:)&78'7.
L, ;(',39=8 3(4978G, +() 7. 4,:9*'),6( 67 478() ,8'9:Q76,6 78 *& 3,):( %, 7@73'( 67 8( *7)
98@.&7839,6( +() *& 3()', 7F+7)97839,/< ,*E 3())7.,'9;,478'7 C,*', ?&7 7. K.'94( ;('( *7)5 7.
67. P)7*9678'7 67. T)9A&8,.
ART5CULO 3FC-4 VOTO DE MAGISTRADOS IMPEDIDOS DESPUNS DE LA
AUDIENCIA-
3- Si %"!p(<! %" #$ $(%i"nci$ !" i/p!i1i#i'$r$ $#.9n /$.i!'r$%; %" !("r'" :(" n
p("%$ $!i!'ir $ #$ %i!c(!i0n * ,'$ci0n; %$r> !( ,' pr "!cri'; +(n%$% * +ir/$%;
* # r"/i'ir> %ir"c'$/"n'" $# pr"!i%"n'" %"# 'ri1(n$#- Si n p(%i"r" "!cri1ir ni
+ir/$r; # &$r> "# !"cr"'$ri $n'" #$ pr"!"nci$ %"# /$.i!'r$% r"!p"c'i,-
8- E# ,' $!2 "/i'i% !" c/p('$r> cn #! %"/>! * !" cn!"r,$r>; +ir/$% pr "# :("
pr"!i%$; cn "# #i1r %" !"n'"nci$!-
=- C($n% "# /$.i!'r$% i/p"%i% n p(%i"r" ,'$r ni $(n %" $:("# /%; !"
%"ci%ir> "# $!(n' pr #! %"/>! /$.i!'r$%! :(" &(1i"r"n $!i!'i% $ #$ $(%i"nci$;
!i in'".r$r"n #! n"c"!$ri! p$r$ +r/$r /$*r2$- N &$1i<n%#"!; !" prc"%"r> $
n(",$ $(%i"nci$; cn $!i!'"nci$ %" #! :(" &(1i"r"n cnc(rri% $ #$ $n'"rir * %"
$:(<# $:(<##! :(" %"1$n !(!'i'(ir $ #! i/p"%i%!; cn+r/" $ "!'$ #"*-
@- L %i!p("!' "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir !" $p#ic$r> '$/1i<n c($n% $#.(n %" #!
/$.i!'r$%! :(" p$r'icip$rn "n #$ $(%i"nci$ n p("%$ in'"r,"nir "n #$
%"#i1"r$ci0n * ,'$ci0n pr &$##$r!" "n $#.(n %" #! c$!! pr",i!'! "n "!'"
C0%i.-
ART5CULO 3FE-4 IMPEDIMENTO DEL JUE6 JUE HUBIERE ASISTIDO A LA
AUDIENCIA-
17"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- En #! )(7.$%!; c($n% %"!p(<! %" #$ $(%i"nci$ !" i/p!i1i#i'$r" "# )("7 :("
&(1i"r" $!i!'i% $ "##$ * n p(%i"r" %ic'$r #$ r"!#(ci0n ni !i:(i"r$ cn #$ $!i!'"nci$
%"# !"cr"'$ri; !" c"#"1r$r> n(",$ $(%i"nci$ pr"!i%i%$ pr "# )("7 :(" !(!'i'(*$ $#
i/p"%i%-
8- L /i!/ !" &$r> c($n% "# )("7 :(" &$*$ p$r'icip$% "n #$ $(%i"nci$ n p("%$
%ic'$r #$ r"!#(ci0n pr &$##$r!" c/pr"n%i% "n $#.(n %" #! c$!! pr",i!'! "n
"!'" C0%i.-
ART5CULO 3FF-4 MAYOR5A DE VOTOS-
En #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! c#".i$%!; #! $('! * !"n'"nci$! !" %ic'$r>n pr
/$*r2$ %" ,'!; !$#, :(" "?pr"!$/"n'" #$ #"* !"D$#" (n$ /$*r prprci0n-
ART5CULO 3FH-4 DISCORDIAS-
3- C($n% "n #$ ,'$ci0n %" (n$ r"!#(ci0n n r"!(#'$r" /$*r2$ %" ,'! !1r"
c($#:(i"r$ %" #! prn(nci$/i"n'! %" &"c& %" %"r"c& :(" %"1$n &$c"r!";
,#,"r>n $ %i!c('ir!" * $ ,'$r!" #! p(n'! "n :(" &$*$n %i!"n'i% #! ,'$n'"!-
8- Si n !" 1'(,i"r" $c("r%; #$ %i!cr%i$ !" r"!#,"r> /"%i$n'" c"#"1r$ci0n %" n(",$
$(%i"nci$; cnc(rri"n% #! /$.i!'r$%! :(" &(1i"r$n $!i!'i% $ #$ pri/"r$;
$(/"n'>n%!" %! K8) />!; !i &(1i"!" !i% i/p$r "# n9/"r %" #! %i!cr%$n'"!; *
'r"! K=) "n "# c$! %" &$1"r !i% p$r-
=- E# 'ri1(n$# &$r> "# !"D$#$/i"n' %" %i!cr%i$ * #$! %"!i.n$cin"! pr'(n$!-
@- C($n% "n #$ ,'$ci0n %" (n$ r"!#(ci0n "n #$ +r/$ pr",i!'$ "n "# !".(n%
n(/"r$# %" "!'" $r'2c(#; n !" r"(ni"r" '$/pc /$*r2$ !1r" #! p(n'!
%i!cr%$%!; !" prc"%"r> $ n(",$ ,'$ci0n; !/"'i"n% !0# $ <!'$ #! %! K8)
p$r"c"r"! :(" &$*$n 1'"ni% /$*r n9/"r %" ,'! "n #$ pr"c"%"n'"-
Co)etario*
AK8 3&,86( 7. +)737+'( )7*7-,6( 8( +.,8'7,)E, 7*+739,.7* 69@93&.',67* 67 98'7)+)7',39=8<
+)(3767 )7,.9G,) .(* *9:&978'7* 3(478',)9(* 78 ()678 , *& ,+.93,39=8L
• OA;9,478'7 7. +(878'7 '786)5 , *& 69*+(*939=8 7. 7F+76978'7 +,), 693',) *78'7839, (
)7*(.&39=8 6739*()9, 67 9839678'7* ( )73&)*(*< > 7. )7*'( 67 .(* 4974A)(* 67. ')9A&8,.
%3,*( =):,8( 3(.7:9,6(/ +(6)58 7F,498,).(* 78 3&,.?&97) '974+(.
• U8, ;7G 3(83.&96, ., ,&697839, 78 .(* ,*&8'(* 78 ?&7 D*', +)7376, , ., 6739*9=8 (< 78
(')( 3,*(< 67*67 7. 6E, 78 ?&7 7. +)7*9678'7 C,:, 7. *7-,.,4978'( +,), .,
67.9A7),39=8< ;(',39=8 > @,..(< %8&7;,478'7 3,*( 67 =):,8( 3(.7:9,6(/ 3&,.?&97), 67
.(* 4,:9*'),6(* +(6)5 +769) 7. 7F+76978'7 +,), *& 7*'&69(.
17$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• S9 @&7),8 ;,)9(* ?&9787* .(* *(.939'78< 7. ?&7 +)7*96, ., ,&697839, @9B,)5 7. '974+( +()
7. ?&7 C,>, 67 '787).(* 3,6, &8(< 67 4(6( ?&7 8( *7 69.,'7 988737*,)9,478'7 7. +.,G(
*7-,.,6( +,), 693',) *78'7839,.
D9)9:96(* +() 7. P)7*9678'7< > , +&7)', 37)),6,< *7 69*3&'9)5 > ;(',)58 .,* )7*(.&39(87*
984769,',478'7 67*+&D* 67 ., 37.7A),39=8 67 ., ,&697839,< *9 7*', 8( *7 ..7;,), , 3,A( 7.
P)7*9678'7 *7-,.,)5 7. 6E, 78 ?&7 *7 C,>, 67 69*3&'9) > @,..,) 7. ,*&8'( *(47'96(< 3(8 .,*
*9:&978'7* +,&',*L
• E. 4,:9*'),6( +(878'7 *(47'7)5 , ., 67.9A7),39=8 67. ')9A&8,. .(* +&8'(* 67 C73C( >
.,* 3&7*'9(87* > @&86,478'(* 67 67)73C(< ,*E 3(4( ., 6739*9=8 ?&7< , *& B&939(< 67A,
)73,7) >< +)7;9, ., 69*3&*9=8 8737*,)9,< *7 +)(3767)5 , ., ;(',39=8.
• E. +)7*9678'7 +(6)5 ,3()6,) ?&7 ., ;(',39=8 '78:, .&:,) *7+,),6,478'7 *(A)7 .(*
69*'98'(* +)(8&839,4978'(* 67 C73C( ( 67 67)73C(< ( *(A)7 +,)'7 67 ., 6739*9=8 ?&7
C,>, 67 693',)*7.
• V(',)5 +)947)( 7. +(878'7 > 67*+&D* .(* )7*',8'7* 4,:9*'),6(*< +() 7. ()678 98;7)*( ,
*& ,8'9:Q76,6 78 7. 7B7)3939( 67. 3,):(. E. +)7*9678'7 ;(',)5 +() K.'94(.
• U8, ;7G 98939,6, ., ;(',39=8< 8( +(6)5 98'7))&4+9)*7 *98( +() ,.:K8 94+769478'(
98*&+7),A.7.
• L(* T)9A&8,.7* 3(.7:9,6(*< 693',)58 .(* ,&'(* > *78'7839,*< +() 4,>()E, 67 ;('(*<
*,.;( ?&7 7F+)7*,478'7 ., .7> *7-,.7 &8, 4,>() +)(+()39=8.J
• S9 8( *7 .(:), &8, 4,>()E, 67 ;('(*< 78 &8, +)947), ;(',39=8< ;(.;7)58 , 69*3&'9)*7 >
, ;(',)*7 .(* +&8'(* 78 ?&7 C,>,8 69*78'96( .(* ;(',8'7*J
• S9 8( *7 (A'9787 ., 4,>()E,< ., 69*3()69, *7 )7*(.;7)5 4769,8'7 37.7A),39=8 67 8&7;,
,&697839,< 3(83&))9786( .(* 4,:9*'),6(* ?&7 C&A97),8 ,*9*'96( , ., +)947),<
983()+()586(*7 6(* 4,:9*'),6(* 45*< *9 C&A97*7 *96( 94+,) 7. 8K47)( 67 .(*
69*3()6,8'7*< > ')7* 4,:9*'),6(* 78 7. 3,*( 67 C,A7) *96( +,).
• E. ')9A&8,. C,)5 7. *7-,.,4978'( 67 69*3()69, > .,* 67*9:8,39(87* (+()'&8,*.
• S9 , +7*,) 67 7*'(< 8( *7 )7&897)7 ',4+(3( ., 4,>()E, ,A*(.&',< *(A)7 .(* +&8'(*
69*3()6,6(*< *7 +)(3767)5 , 8&7;, ;(',39=8< +7)( ,C(), *(47'9786( *=.( , D*', .(*
6(* +,)737)7* ?&7 C,>,8 (A'7896( 4,>() 8K47)( 67 ;('(* 78 ., +)737678'7.
ART5CULO 3HI-4 REDACCIÓN DE LAS RESOLUCIONES EN LOS ORGANOS
JURISDICCIONALES COLEGIADOS-
3- En #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! c#".i$%! crr"!pn%" $# pn"n'" #$ r"%$cci0n %"
#$! r"!#(cin"! :(" !" &$*$n !/"'i% $ %i!c(!i0n; !i !" cn+r/$r" cn #
$cr%$%-
8- C($n% "# pn"n'" n "!'(,i"r" %" $c("r% cn "# ,' %" #$ /$*r2$; %"c#in$r> #$
r"%$cci0n %" #$ r"!#(ci0n; %"1i"n% +r/(#$r /'i,$%$/"n'" !( ,' p$r'ic(#$r-
En "!'" c$! "# pr"!i%"n'" "nc/"n%$r> #$ r"%$cci0n $ 'r /$.i!'r$% *
1"0
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
%i!pn%r> #$ r"c'i+ic$ci0n n"c"!$ri$ "n "# '(rn %" pn"nci$! p$r$ "!'$1#"c"r #$
i.($#%$% "n "# /i!/-
ART5CULO 3H3-4 FIRMA DE LAS RESOLUCIONES-
3- L$! r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"! !"r>n +ir/$%$! pr "# )("7 pr '%! #! /$.i!'r$%!
n i/p"%i%! %"n'r %"# p#$7 "!'$1#"ci% p$r$ %ic'$r#$!-
8- C($n% %"!p(<! %" %"ci%i% "# $!(n' pr (n 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# c#".i$% !"
i/p!i1i#i'$r$ $#.9n /$.i!'r$% %" #! :(" &(1i"r"n ,'$% * n p(%i"r" +ir/$r #$
r"!#(ci0n; "# :(" &(1i"r" pr"!i%i% # &$r> pr <#; "?pr"!$n% "# n/1r" %"#
/$.i!'r$% pr :(i"n +ir/$ * &$ci"n% cn!'$r :(" "# /$.i!'r$% i/p!i1i#i'$%
,'0 p"r n p(% +ir/$r-
=- Si "# i/p"%i% +("r$ "# pr"!i%"n'"; "# /$.i!'r$% />! $n'i.( "n "# ")"rcici %" !(
c$r. +ir/$r> pr <#-
ART5CULO 3H8-4 VOTOS PARTICULARES-
3- T% "# :(" '/" p$r'" "n #$ ,'$ci0n %" (n$ !"n'"nci$ $(' %"+ini'i, +ir/$r> #
$cr%$%; $(n:(" &(1i"r" %i!"n'i% %" #$ /$*r2$G p"r p%r>; "n "!'" c$!;
$n(nci>n%# "n "# //"n' %" #$ ,'$ci0n "n "# %" #$ +ir/$; +r/(#$r ,'
p$r'ic(#$r; "n "# :(" p%r>n $c"p'$r!"; pr r"/i!i0n; #! p(n'! %" &"c& *
+(n%$/"n'! %" %"r"c& %" #$ r"!#(ci0n %"# 'ri1(n$# cn #! :(" "!'(,i"r"
cn+r/"-
8- E# ,' p$r'ic(#$r; +ir/$% pr !( $('r; !" incrpr$r> $# #i1r %" !"n'"nci$! * !"
n'i+ic$r> $ #$! p$r'"! )(n' cn #$ !"n'"nci$ $pr1$%$ pr /$*r2$- C($n%; %"
$c("r% cn #$ #"*; !"$ pr"c"p'i,$ #$ p(1#ic$ci0n %" #$ !"n'"nci$; "# ,' p$r'ic(#$r;
!i # &(1i"r"; &$1r> %" p(1#ic$r!" )(n' $ "##$-
=- T$/1i<n p%r> +r/(#$r!" ,' p$r'ic(#$r; cn !()"ci0n $ # %i!p("!' "n #!
n(/"r$#"! $n'"rir"!; "n # :(" r"!(#'" $p#ic$1#"; r"!p"c' %" #! $('! *
pr,i%"nci$! !(cin'$/"n'" /'i,$%$!-
CAP5TULO VI
RESOLUCIONES JUDICIALES
SECCIÓN 3O
1"1
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
CLASES; CONTENIDO Y REJUISITOS FORMALES
ART5CULO 3H=-4 CLASES-
3- L$! r"!#(cin"! %" #! 0r.$n! )(ri!%iccin$#"! ci,i#"! !" %"n/in$r>n
pr,i%"nci$!; $('! * !"n'"nci$!-
8- En #! prc"!! %" %"c#$r$ci0n * %" ")"c(ci0n; $!2 c/ "n #! prc"%i/i"n'!
c$('"#$r"!; !i #$ #"* n "?pr"!$ #$ c#$!" %" r"!#(ci0n :(" &$*$ %" "/p#"$r!"; !"
$%p'$r> #$ +r/$ %":
$) Pr,i%"nci$!; c($n% #$ r"!#(ci0n !" %ic'" pr $p#ic$ci0n %" nr/$! %" i/p(#!
prc"!$#; * c($n% "# '"/$ prc"!$# r"!("#' n "?i)$ /'i,$ci0n- En '% c$! !"
ci'$r> "# +(n%$/"n' %" %"r"c& $p#ic$1#"-
1) A('!; c($n% !" r":(i"r$ (n$ r"!#(ci0n +(n%$%$ :(" %"ci%$ !1r" r"c(r!!
cn'r$ pr,i%"nci$!; !1r" $%/i!i0n in$%/i!i0n %" %"/$n%$; %" r"cn,"nci0n *
%" $c(/(#$ci0n %" pr"'"n!in"!; !1r" pr"!(p("!'! prc"!$#"!; $%/i!i0n
in$%/i!i0n %" #$ pr("1$; $pr1$ci0n )(%ici$# %" 'r$n!$ccin"! * cn,"ni!;
/"%i%$! c$('"#$r"!; n(#i%$% ,$#i%"7 %" #$! $c'($cin"! * c($#"!:(i"r$ c("!'in"!
inci%"n'$#"!; '"n.$n n !"D$#$%$ "n "!'" C0%i. 'r$/i'$ci0n "!p"ci$#- T$/1i<n
r","!'ir>n #$ +r/$ %" $(' #$! r"!#(cin"! :(" pn.$n +in $ #$! $c'($cin"! %"
(n$ in!'$nci$ r"c(r! $n'"! %" :(" cnc#(*$ !( 'r$/i'$ci0n r%in$ri$-
c) S"n'"nci$!; c($n% !" %"1$ pn"r +in $# prc"!; "n pri/"r$ !".(n%$
in!'$nci$; (n$ ,"7 :(" &$*$ cnc#(i% !( 'r$/i'$ci0n r%in$ri$ pr",i!'$ "n #$ #"*-
T$/1i<n !" r"!#,"r>n /"%i$n'" !"n'"nci$ #! r"c(r!! "?'r$r%in$ri!-
Cncr%$nci$:
A)'E3&.(* $6< $7< 432< 435< 742 67. CPC
ART5CULO 3H@-4 RESOLUCIONES DEFINITIVA-
Sn r"!#(cin"! %"+ini'i,$! #$! :(" pn"n +in $ #$ pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ * #$! :(" %"ci%$n
#! r"c(r!! in'"rp("!'! +r"n'" $ "##$!-
Co)etario*
E*',* +&7678 *7) 693',6,* +() 7. T)9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(37 ., 3,&*, > +() 7. T)9A&8,. 67 *7:&86,
98*',839,< 3&,86( *7 C&A97*7 98'7)+&7*'( )73&)*( 3(8'), ., +)947),.J C(4( *7 +&767
67*+)7867)< ,?&E 78'), 78 B&7:( 7. +)9839+9( 67 6(A.7 98*',839,.
ART5CULO 3HB-4 RESOLUCIONES FIRMES-
Sn r"!#(cin"! +ir/"! $:("##$! cn'r$ #$! :(" n c$1" r"c(r! $#.(n 1i"n pr n
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1"2
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+i)$% !in :(" nin.(n$ %" #$! p$r'"! # &$*$ pr"!"n'$%; pr:(" &$1i<n%#
pr"!"n'$% %"!i!'i"r$ "# r"c(rr"n'"; pr:(" &(1i"r$ !i% in$%/i'i% $ 'r>/i'"
%"+ini'i,$/"n'"-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 15$6< 1632< 163$< 2257< 22$$ C. C9;9.M 1374< 15$5 C=69:( 67 C(47)39(
Co)etario*
EF9*'78 )7*(.&39(87* ?&7 +() *& 8,'&),.7G, > 3(8 7. @98 67 7;9',) 69.,39(87*< ,. +)(37*( 8(
+7)49'78 *& )73&))9A9.96,6< +7*7 , .( ,8'7)9()478'7 693C( 8( C,> ?&7 (.;96,) ?&7 &8( 67 .(*
+)9839+9(* '(),.7* 67. +)(37694978'( 39;9. 7* ., 6(A.7 98*',839,< 7*',A.7396, 78 7*'7 49*4(
3&7)+( .7:,.< 78 3(8*73&7839, 7. C73C( 67 ?&7 ;,)9,* )7*(.&39(87* *7,8 9))73&))9A.7* 8(
*9:89@93, ?&7 7F9*', 9867@78*9=8 78 .(* ,*&8'(* 67 @(86(< 3&>( 3(8(394978'( *7, 8737*,)9(
,8'7 T)9A&8,. *&+7)9() ( 4769,8'7 7849786, +() 7. 49*4( ?&7 3(8(37 ., 3,&*,.
ART5CULO 3HC-4 COSA JU6GADA FORMAL E INVARIABILIDAD-
H$1i<n%!" pr%(ci% #$ +ir/"7$ pr $#.(n$ %" #$! r$7n"! "?pr"!$%$! "n "# $r'2c(#
$n'"rir; #$ r"!#(ci0n .7$r> %"# "+"c' %" c!$ )(7.$%$ +r/$#; %"1i"n% "# 'ri1(n$#
"!'$r "n '% c$! $ # %i!p("!' "n "##$; !in p%"r ,$ri$r#$ %"!p(<! %" +ir/$%$-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* ""1< 1536< 2014 C. C9;9.< 35< 131$ C. C(47)39(M 445< 4"3< 4"6< 5"0< 6"4< 754
CPC.
Co)etario*
D(3')98,)9,478'7 *7 C, 69*'98:&96( 78')7 3(*, B&G:,6, @()4,. > 4,'7)9,.. E. .7:9*.,6() 3(8
A&78 *78'96(< 98')(6&37 ., +)947), 67 7..,* 78 7. +)7*78'7 ,)'E3&.(. A4+.9,86( &8 +(3( .(
7*',A.7396( 78 7. CPC< *7 +&767 ,:)7:,) ?&7 ',4A9D8 7* 3(8(396, 3(4( +)73.&*9=8 ?&7 *7
3(8'74+., 3(4( +)9839+9( :787),. 78 7. ,)'. 1". S7 67A7 7*', 678(498,39=8 >, C,37
)7@7)7839, , ., 94+(*9A9.96,6 67 )73&))9) ( 94+&:8,) &8, )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. 3&,86( C,8
'),8*3&))96( .(* +.,G(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7> +,), ',.7* ,3'&,)7*. S& 7@73'( +)(37*,. 7* 7.
7*',6( 67 @9)47 67 ., )7*(.&39=8< ?&7 3(4( ',.< 8( *(.( 7* +(*9A.7 ,+.93,).( , .,* *78'7839,*<
*98( ?&7 ',4A9D8 , .,* 69@7)78'7* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7* >, ,8,.9G,6,*. D7 '(6( .( ,8'7)9()
8( C,> ?&7 (.;96,) ?&7 7. ,)'E3&.( 5 67 8&7*'), ,3'&,. .7> 67 C(839.9,39=8 > A)A9'),B7
7*',A.737 ?&7 7. .,&6( ( ,3&7)6( 3(839.9,'()9( '9787 7@73'( 67 3(*, B&G:,6,.
ART5CULO 3HE-4 CONTENIDO FORMAL DE LAS RESOLUCIONES-
1"3
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- T%$! #$! r"!#(cin"! inc#(ir>n #$ /"nci0n %"# #(.$r * +"c&$ "n :(" !" $%p'"n * #$
in%ic$ci0n %"# 'ri1(n$# :(" #$! %ic'"; cn "?pr"!i0n %"# )("7 /$.i!'r$%! :(" #
in'".r"n * !( +ir/$ " in%ic$ci0n; "n !( c$!; %"# n/1r" %"# pn"n'"-
8- A# n'i+ic$r!" #$ r"!#(ci0n $ #$! p$r'"! !" in%ic$r> !i #$ /i!/$ "! +ir/" !i c$1"
$#.9n r"c(r! cn'r$ "##$; cn "?pr"!i0n; "n "!'" 9#'i/ c$!; %"# r"c(r! :("
prc"%$; %"# 0r.$n $n'" "# :(" %"1" in'"rpn"r!" * %"# p#$7 p$r$ r"c(rrir-
.ART5CULO 3HF-4 CONTENIDO FORMAL DE LAS PROVIDENCIAS-
3- L$! pr,i%"nci$! !" #i/i'$r>n $ "?pr"!$r # :(" pr "##$! !" /$n%" " inc#(ir>n
$%"/>! (n$ /'i,$ci0n c($n% $!2 # %i!pn.$ #$ #"* "# 'ri1(n$# # "!'i/"
cn,"ni"n'"G *;
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ART5CULO 3HH-4 CONTENIDO FORMAL DE LOS AUTOS-
3- L! $('! !"r>n !i"/pr" /'i,$%! * cn'"n%r>n; "n p>rr$+! !"p$r$%! *
n(/"r$%!; #! $n'"c"%"n'"! %" &"c& * #! +(n%$/"n'! %" %"r"c& "n #! :(" !"
1$!" #$ p$r'" %i!p!i'i,$ +$##-
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%ic'$r r$#/"n'"; "?pr"!>n%!" "n "# $c'$ pr "# !"cr"'$ri (n$ /2ni/$
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r$7n"! )(r2%ic$! :(" #! &$n /'i,$% &$ :("%$% c(/p#i%$ cn!'$nci$ "n #$
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ART5CULO 8II-4 CONTENIDO FORMAL DE LAS SENTENCIAS-
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c/ #! n/1r"! %" #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& :(" #$! &$*$n %"+"n%i% *
r"pr"!"n'$% * "# 1)"' %"# prc"!-
1"4
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1) En #! $n'"c"%"n'"! %" &"c& !" cn!i.n$r>n; cn #$ c#$ri%$% * #$ cnci!i0n
p!i1#"! * "n p>rr$+! !"p$r$%! * n(/"r$%!; #$! pr"'"n!in"! %" #$! p$r'"!
in'"r"!$%!; #! &"c&! "n :(" #$! +(n%"n :(" &$*$n !i% $#".$%! pr'(n$/"n'"
* '"n.$n r"#$ci0n cn #$! c("!'in"! :(" %"1$n %" r"!#,"r!"; #$! pr("1$! :(" !"
&(1i"!"n prp("!' * pr$c'ic$% * #! &"c&! pr1$%!; "n !( c$!-
c) En #! +(n%$/"n'! %" %"r"c& !" "?pr"!$r>n; "n p>rr$+! !"p$r$%! *
n(/"r$%!; #! p(n'! %" %"r"c& +i)$%! pr #$! p$r'"! * %" #$! c("!'in"!
cn'r,"r'i%$!; %$n% #$! r$7n"! * +(n%$/"n'! #".$#"! %"# +$## :(" &$*$ %"
%ic'$r!"; cn "?pr"!i0n cncr"'$ %" #$! nr/$! )(r2%ic$! $p#ic$1#"! $# c$!-
%) E# +$## cn'"n%r>; n(/"r$%!; #! prn(nci$/i"n'! crr"!pn%i"n'"! $ #$!
pr"'"n!in"! %" #$! p$r'"!; $(n:(" #$ "!'i/$ci0n %"!"!'i/$ci0n %" '%$! $#.(n$!
%" %ic&$! pr"'"n!in"! p(%i"r$ %"%(cir!" %" #! +(n%$/"n'! )(r2%ic!; $!2 c/ "#
prn(nci$/i"n' !1r" #$! c!'$!- T$/1i<n %"'"r/in$r>; "n !( c$!; #$ c$n'i%$%
1)"' %" #$ cn%"n$; !in :(" p("%$ r"!"r,$r!" !( %"'"r/in$ci0n p$r$ #$ ")"c(ci0n
%" #$ !"n'"nci$; !in p"r)(ici %" # %i!p("!' p$r$ c$!! $%/i!i1#"! %" cn%"n$! cn
r"!"r,$ %" #i:(i%$ci0n-
=- En #! prc"!! ci,i#"! #$! !"n'"nci$! p%r>n %ic'$r!" "?c"pcin$#/"n'" "n +r/$
r$# $# +in$#i7$r #$ $(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$ %"# prc"! r%in$ri #$ $(%i"nci$ %"#
prc"! $1r",i$%; %"1i"n% /'i,$r!" pr "!cri' "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$!-
Co)etarioL
E8 3&,8'( , .,* +)(;967839,* *7 678(', 397)', *94+.9396,6 78 .,* 49*4,*< >, ?&7 3(4( 7*',
4,89@7*',6( *(8 )7*(.&39(87* 783,498,6,* ,. 94+&.*( +)(37*,.< 8( (A*',8'7 3&78',8 3(8
7.7478'(* ?&7 +&7678 *7) 94+7),'9;(*< (+','9;(* 67. ')9A&8,. ( ,4A(* , 7@73'( ?&7 78
,?&7..(* 3,*(* ?&7 ,@73'78 .,* +)7'78*9(87*< .,* +,)'7* 98'7);98978'7* '78:,8 37)'7G, 67.
+()?&7 67 ., 49*4,. E8 3&,8'( , .(* ,&'(* 7*'(* *(8 67 @()4,. 67*,))(..(< 67A9786( *7) 3.,)(*
> 3(8:)&78'7* 78 *& 4('9;,39=8. S7 693',),8 *7:K8 7. 4(478'( C9*'=)93( 67. +)(37*(< 7*
6739) 7*3)9'(* 3&,86( .,* ,3'&,39(87* ?&7 .7* 678 ()9:78 *7,8 67 9:&,. 8,'&),.7G, > ;7)A,.7*
78 9:&,. 3,*(< 7* 67 78'7867) 3&,86( *7 783&78')7 ., (),.96,6 78 67*,))(..(< >, ?&7 3,*(
3(8'),)9( 3(8'),;786)E, ., 37.7)96,6 7 94+&.*( 67. +)(37*(. P() *& +,)'7< 78 .,* *78'7839,*<
+() *7) 7. )7*&.',6( 67. +)(37*(< *7 67A7 B&*'9@93,) *& 67A96( 78'78694978'( 3&96,86( ?&7 78
*& @,..( *7 783&78')7 )7.,39(8,6, ., +)7'78*9=8 3(8 7. +)(8&839,4978'( B&6939,.. I4+()',8'7 7*
8( (.;96,) ?&7 78 7*',* K.'94,* *7 67A7 +)(8&839,) *(A)7 ., 3(8678, ( 8( 78 3(*',* > 78
3,*(* 67'7)498,6(* ., 3,8'96,6 (AB7'( 67 3(8678,< 7..( *98 +7)B&939( , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 .(*
,)'E3&.(* 20$.CPC. S9 A978 7* 397)'( ?&7 7. ,)'E3&.( 200.3 CPC. A649'7 &8, *78'7839, (),.<
7*', 67A7 693',)*7 7F37+39(8,.478'7 3&,86( +() 7B74+.( 8( C,>, +)&7A,* 7;,3&,6,*
3(86&378'7* , .,* +)7'78*9(87* > 7*'( C,>, ?&76,6( 67 4,89@97*'( 78 7. 67*,))(..( 67 .,
)7*+73'9;, ,&697839,< +7)( 3(8 (A.9:,39=8 67 4('9;,)., +() 7*3)9'( 78 7. +.,G( 67 3983( 6E,*.
ART5CULO 8I3-4 PLA6O PARA DICTAR LAS RESOLUCIONES JUDICIALES-
1"5
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- L$! pr,i%"nci$!; #! $('! * #$! !"n'"nci$! !"r>n %ic'$%! %"n'r %"# p#$7 :(" #$
#"* "!'$1#"7c$-
8- L$ in1!"r,$nci$ %"# p#$7 %$r> #(.$r $ crr"cci0n %i!cip#in$ri$; %" n /"%i$r
)(!'$ c$(!$ :(" !" &$r> cn!'$r "n #$ r"!#(ci0n-
Co#orda#ia*
C(8 '9'&.( ?&98'( 67. L9A)( P)947)(< >, 47839(8,6( ,8'7)9()478'7. A)'. 3" 67. C. C9;9.M
4"0< 5$5 CPC
Co)etarioL
E. '),8*3&)*( 67. '974+( 78 7. D7)73C( C9;9.< 3(4( TC73C( B&)E693(T< +&767 +)(6&39) 67*67
., ,6?&9*939=8 C,*', ., +D)696, 67 &8 67)73C( *&AB7'9;(< @,3&.',6 B&)E693, ( *94+.7
7F+73','9;,. E8 7. +)947) *&+&7*'( *7 C,A., 78 *78'96( :787),. 67 T+)7*3)9+39=8 ,6?&9*9'9;,T
( T&*&3,+9=8T< 78 7. *7:&86( 67 T+)7*3)9+39=8 7F'98'9;,T.
L, Hcad!cidadH< *&):7 3&,86( ., L7> *7-,., &8 +.,G( @9B( +,), 7B7)39',) &8 ,3'( 3(8 7@93,39,
B&)E693,< 67 ',. 4(6( ?&7 '),8*3&))96( *98 7B7)39',).(< *7 94+(87 ., 673,67839, ,&'(45'93, 67
., @,3&.',6 67 7B7)3939( 67. 67)73C(. A 69@7)7839, 67 ., +)7*3)9+39=8< ., 3,6&396,6 7*
,+)739,A.7 67 (@939( > *(.,478'7 (+7), 78 .(* 3,*(* ',F,'9;,478'7 *7-,.,6(* +() ., L7>.
R7,.9G,6( &8 ,3'( 67 98'7))&+39=8 67. +.,G( 67 3,6&396,6< D*'7 *7 *&*+7867 6&),8'7 7. '974+(
*7-,.,6( +() ., L7>< 3(4+&'586(*7 7. +7)9(6( '),8*3&))96( C,*', 693C( 4(478'(M 7. +.,G(
;&7.;7 , 3())7) > *7 *&4, ,. ?&7 3(8'98K, , +,)'9) 67. 6E, *9:&978'7 ,. 67 '7)498,39=8 67.
+.,G( 67 *&*+78*9=8 .7:,..
L, Hprescripción e2tintivaH< 78 *78'96( +)(+9( 7* &8, 4(6,.96,6 67 7F'9839=8 67 .(* 67)73C(*
> 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87* +,), C,37).(* ;,.7)< 67)9;,6( 67 ., @,.', 67 7B7)3939( 6&),8'7 7. '974+(
7*',A.7396( +() ., .7> +,), *& ,3'&,39=8. P,), *& 7@93,39, B&)E693, 67A7 *7) ,.7:,6, +() ?&978
'),', 67 (+(87).,. S7 98'7))&4+7 +() 3&,.?&97) ,3'&,39=8 67. '9'&.,) 67. 67)73C( ?&7 *7,
983(4+,'9A.7 3(8 ,+,)97839, 67 )78&839, 67)9;,6, 67 ., @,.', 67 7B7)3939(. P)(6&396, .,
98'7))&+39=8 7. +.,G( ;&7.;7 , '),8*3&))9) 67 8&7;( 67*67 *& 98939(.
T(6,* .,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7* C,8 67 +),3'93,*7 78 6E,* > C(),* C5A9.7*. S(8 6E,* C5A9.7*
'(6(* .(* 6E,* 67. ,-(< 7F37+'( .(* *5A,6(* > 6(498:(*< ,*E 3(4( .(* 6E,* @7)9,6(*
.7:,.478'7 ,&'()9G,6(* > .(* ?&7 67'7)49878 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939, 78 3,*(*
B&*'9@93,6(*.
S(8 C(),* C5A9.7* .,* ?&7 7*'58 3(4+)78696,* 78')7 .,* *79* %6/ 67 ., 4,-,8, > .,* *79* %6/ 67
., ',)67 *98 +7)B&939( 67. C(),)9( 67 '),A,B( 67 .(* B&G:,6(* > ')9A&8,.7* 7*',A.7396( +() .,
C()'7 S&+)74, 67 J&*'939,.
L,* ,3'&,39(87* +)(+9,* 67 &8 B&939( C,8 67 )7,.9G,)*7 78 .(* Ht<rminosH %*&+(878 ., @9B,39=8
67 &8 4(478'( 3(83)7'( +,), ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 &8, 67'7)498,6, ,3'&,39=8 +)(37*,./ ( 678')(
67 .(* Hpla&osH %.,+*( '74+(),. 678')( 67. 3&,. *7 C, 67 ,3'&,) 78 7. +)(37*(/. T),8*3&))96(
7. +.,G( ( +,*,6( 7. 'D)498( *7-,.,6( +,), ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 &8 ,3'( +)(37*,. 67 +,)'7 *7
+)(6&37 Hla precl!siónH > *7 +97)67 ., (+()'&896,6 67 )7,.9G,) 7. ,3'( 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7. E.
S73)7',)9( J&6939,. 67B, 3(8*',839, 67. '),8*3&)*( 67. +.,G( 78 7. 7F+76978'7 > ,3&7)6, .( ?&7
1"6
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)(3767< *9 7* 4,'7)9, +)(+9, 67 *& 3(4+7'7839, ( 6, 3&78', ,. ')9A&8,. , @98 67 ?&7 D*'7 693'7
., )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 3())7*+(86,.
E8 ,?&7..,* ,3'&,39(87* 67. T)9A&8,. 3&>, 674(), +&76, 3,&*,) :),;7 +7)B&939( , .(*
98'7)7*,6(* ( , ., A&78, ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939,< ( +)(;(3,) ., 987@93,39, 67 &8,
)7*(.&39=8 B&6939,.L HAct!aciones !rgentesH< %+7.L internamiento no vol!ntario por ra&ón de
trastorno ps0!icoI medidas #!diciales tendentes a satis/acer en c!al!ier tipo de sit!ación
con/lict!al en el orden civil el Hinter<s s!periorH de personas menores de edad... /< 67 (@939(
( , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7< .(* T)9A&8,.7* 67. ()678 B&)9*69339(8,. 39;9.< +&7678 C,A9.9',) .(* 6E,*
> C(),* 98C5A9.7*. P,), .,* 7F+)7*,6,* ,3'&,39(87* &):78'7*< *(8 C5A9.7* .(* 6E,* 67. 47* 67
,:(*'(< *98 8737*96,6 67 7F+)7*, C,A9.9',39=8. T,4+(3( 7* 8737*,)9, ., C,A9.9',39=8 +,),
+)(*7:&9) 78 C(),* 98C5A9.7*< 6&),8'7 7. '974+( 9869*+78*,A.7< .,* ,3'&,39(87* &):78'7* ?&7
*7 C&A97)78 98939,6( 78 C(),* C5A9.7*
L(* +.,G(* 78 ?&7 *7 @),339(8, , 7@73'(* 67 3=4+&'(< 7*7 67;789) '74+(),.< +&7678 @9B,)*7<
+() 6E,*< *74,8,*< 47*7* ( ,-(*.
E8 7. Hcómp!to civilH 67 .(* +.,G(*< *974+)7 ?&7 8( *7 7*',A.7G3, ('), 3(*,< 78 .(* +.,G(*
*7-,.,6(* +() 6E,*< , 3(8',) 67 &8( 67'7)498,6(< ?&76,)5 D*'7 7F3.&96( 67. 3=4+&'(< 7. 3&,.
67A7)5 74+7G,) 78 7. 6E, *9:&978'7M > *9 .(* +.,G(* 7*'&;97*78 @9B,6(* +() 47*7* ( ,-(*< *7
3(4+&',)58 67 @73C, , @73C,. C&,86( 78 7. 47* 67. ;78394978'( 8( C&A97), 6E, 7?&9;,.78'7
,. 98939,. 67. 3=4+&'(< *7 78'7867)5 ?&7 7. +.,G( 7F+9), 7. K.'94( 67. 47*. E8 D*'7 3(83)7'(
54A9'(< 8( *7 7F3.&>78 .(* 6E,* 98C5A9.7*.

ART5CULO 8I8-4 PUBLICACIÓN; ARCHIVO Y REGISTRO DE RESOLUCIONES-
3- L$! !"n'"nci$! * %"/>! r"!#(cin"! %"+ini'i,$!; (n$ ,"7 "?'"n%i%$! * +ir/$%$! pr
"# )("7 pr '%! #! /$.i!'r$%! :(" #$! &(1i"r$n %ic'$%; !"r>n n'i+ic$%$! *
$rc&i,$%$! "n #$ !"cr"'$r2$ %"# 'ri1(n$#; %>n%!"#"! p(1#ici%$% "n #$ +r/$
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8- L! !"cr"'$ri! pn%r>n "n #! $('! c"r'i+ic$ci0n #i'"r$# %" #$! !"n'"nci$! * %"/>!
r"!#(cin"! %"+ini'i,$!-
=- En c$%$ )(7.$% * 'ri1(n$# !" ##",$r>; 1$) #$ c(!'%i$ %"# !"cr"'$ri; (n #i1r %"
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Co)etarioL
T(6, )7*(.&39=8 ?&7 *7, 67@989'9;, 7*', *&B7', , +&A.93,39=8. E8 7. 3,*( 67 .,* *78'7839,*
67@989'9;,* @9)47* 7*',* 67A7)58 67 *7) +&A.93,6,* 78 &8 69,)9( 67 4,>() 39)3&.,39=8 678')(
67 .(* ?&9837 6E,* *9:&978'7* ,. 67 ., 8('9@93,39=8 67 ., 49*4,. P,),.7.( , 7..( ',4A9D8 *7
78'97867 ?&7 )7@&7)G, 7. +)9839+9( :,),8'9*', 67 +&A.9396,6 ,. '78() 67. ,)'93&.( 1$ 67. 3=69:(.
1"7
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*', 7* &8, .,A() 67 ., S73)7',)9,< ?&978 67A7)5 ..7;,) .9A)( @E*93( 3(+9,6() 67 .,* 49*4,*< >
+()?&7 8(< 78 &8 @&'&)( 8( 4&> .7B,8( 78 ,)3C9;(* 7.73')=893(*.
ART5CULO 8I=-4 INVARIABILIDAD DE LAS RESOLUCIONES-
L! )(7.$%! * 'ri1(n$#"! n p%r>n ,$ri$r #$! r"!#(cin"! :(" prn(nci"n %"!p(<! %"
+ir/$%$!; p"r !2 $c#$r$r $#.9n cnc"p' !c(r * r"c'i+ic$r c($#:(i"r "rrr /$'"ri$# %"
:(" $%#"7c$n-
Co)etarioL
E*'( *9:89@93, ?&7 &8, ;7G 693',6( 7. @,..( 7*'7 8( +(6)5 4(69@93,)*7 78 3&,8'( , *& +,)'7
)7*(.&'9;,< >, ?&7 +,), 7..( 7F9*'78 .(* )73&)*(* 78 .(* 3,*(* +)(37678'7*. C(4( +&767
(A*7);,)*7 3(8 7..( *7 .(:), &8, 47B() > 45* 7F+769', 94+,)'939=8 67 B&*'939,. S(A)7 7*',
3&7*'9=8 67A7 67 *9:89@93,)*7 3(4( 3)9'7)9( 98'7)+)7','9;( ., 6(3')98, 3(8*'9'&39(8,. *(A)7 .,
98',8:9A9.96,6 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7*. L, 98',8:9A9.96,6 67 .( 6739696( 78 )7*(.&39=8
B&6939,. @9)47< @&7), 67 .(* 3,*(* .7:,.478'7 7*',A.7396(*< 7*< +&7*< &8 7@73'( E8'94,478'7
3(873',6( 3(8 ., 7@73'9;96,6 67 ., '&'7., B&6939,. ',. 3(4( *7 3(8*,:), 78 7. ,)'. 24.1 CE< 67
',. *&7)'7 ?&7 D*', 7* ',4A9D8 67*3(8(396, 3&,86( ,?&D.., .( 7*< *974+)7 > 3&,86( 7. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,. 3(8(397*7 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 @9)47 ?&7 ',8 +)(@&86,478'7 ,@73', ,
.( ?&7 C,>, 67 *7) )7*&7.'(< 3(4( ,3(8'737 78 7. +)7*78'7 3,*(. Y 7..( 3(8 4,>() ),G=8
3&,86( 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< C, :787),6( &8, 3(8@9,8G, .7:E'94, 78 .(* )73&))78'7* 67
?&7 4,8'786)E, *& 3)9'7)9( 7*',A.7396( 78 S78'7839, @9)47< *(A)7 ., 3(4+7'7839, 67. ()678
*(39,. +,), 3(8(37) 67 ., 3&7*'9=8 +.,8'7,6,< .( ?&7 67'7)498, ?&7 8( +&76,< A,B( 7. 49*4(
4,)3( .7:9*.,'9;(< ,6(+',) &8, )7*(.&39=8 69*'98',< ?&7 )7*&.', 3(8'),)9, , ., 3(8@9,8G,
986&396, +() ., ),G(8,A.7 7*',A9.96,6 67 *& +)947), )7*(.&39=8< 78 @&839=8 67 ., 3&,. .(*
)73&))78'7* C,8 ,6(+',6( ., 6739*9=8 67 )73&))9) 78 *&+.93,39=8 +,), 98'78',) (A'787) &8
+)(8&839,4978'( 45* @,;(),A.7 , *&* 67)73C(* > .7:E'94(* 98'7)7*7* ?&7 7. (A'7896( 78
98*',839,. STC 5"W2000< 67 2" @7A)7)(
T,. 984&',A9.96,6 98'7:), 7. 3(8'7896( 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, %,)'. 24.1
C.E./< 78 &8, 67 *&* 69;7)*,* +)(>7339(87*L T7. 67)73C( , ?&7 .,* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7*
,.3,8378 ., 7@93,39, +)(+9, ?&7 7. ()678,4978'( .7* )73(8(37< +&7*< *9 ,*E 8( @&7),< 7. 67)73C(
49*4( , ., B&)9*69339=8< 78 '(6( *& 3(4+.7B( 3(8'7896(< ?&76,)E,< *98 45*< +)9;,6( 67
*78'96(. M,89@7*',39(87* 67 7*', 7F9:7839, 3(8*'9'&39(8,. *(8< 67 ,3&7)6( 3(8 &8, 3(8*',8'7
6(3')98, 67 7*'7 T)9A&8,.< 7. 67)73C( , ?&7 .,* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7* *7 7B73&'78 78 *&*
+)(+9(* 'D)498(* %+() '(6,*< STC 67W1$"4< @&86,478'( B&)E693( 2/ > ',4A9D8< 78 .( ?&7 ,?&E
45* 94+()',< 7. )7*+7'( , ., @9)47G, 67 7*,* 49*4,* )7*(.&39(87* > , ., 98',8:9A9.96,6 67 .,*
*9'&,39(87* B&)E693,* 78 7..,* 673.,),6,*< +&7* ',4A9D8 *9 ., 3(*, B&G:,6, %T4,'7)9,.T< *7:K8
., 45* ,)),9:,6, 7F+)7*9=8 6(3')98,./ @&7*7 67*3(8(396, ;786)E, , +)9;,)*7 67 7@93,39, , .(
?&7 *7 673969= 3(8 @9)47G, ,. 3,A( 67. +)(37*(T %SSTC 15$W1$"7< @&86,478'( B&)E693( 2< >
12W1$"$< @&86,478'( B&)E693( 4< +() '(6,*/. STC 43W1.$$"< 67 24 @7A)7)( %@.B.< 3P/
E. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, 983.&>7 8( *=.( 7. 67)73C( , ., 7B73&39=8 67 .,*
)7*(.&39(87* @9)47*< *98( ',4A9D8 7. )7*+7'( , ., @9)47G, 67 7*,* 49*4,* )7*(.&39(87* > , .,
98',8:9A9.96,6 67 .,* *9'&,39(87* B&)E693,* 67 7..,* 673.,),6,*< +&7* ',4A9D8 *E ., 3,*,
J&G:,6, %T4,'7)9,.T< *7:K8 ., 4,* ,)),9:,6, 7F+)7*9=8 6(3')98,./ @&7*7 67*3(8(396, ;786)E, ,
+)9;,)*7 67 7@93,39, , .( ?&7 *7 673969= 3(8 @9)47G, ,. 3,A( 67. +)(37*( %STC 15$W1.$"7< 67
1""
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
26 (3'&A)7/. E. ,)'. 24 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 )73(8(37 94+.E39',478'7 7. 67)73C( , ?&7 .,*
)7*(.&39(87* @9)47* *7 3&4+.,8< 7 94+967 *& )7;9*9=8 ( 4(69@93,39=8 @&7), 67 .(* 3,&37*
7F+)7*,478'7 +)7;9*'(* 78 7. ()678,4978'( %STC 11$W1.$""< 67 20 B&89(/. STC 12W1.$"$< 67
25 787)( %@.B. 4P/. S747B,8'7 6(3')98, 78 .,* SSTC. 111 > 142W1.$$2< 67 14 *7+'974A)7 > 13
(3'&A)7 %@@. BB< 22 > 12/M 34W1.$$3 67 " @7A)7)(M 23W1.$$4< 67 27 787)(/M 1$ > "2W..$$5< 67 24
787)( > 5 B&89( %@@. BB. 2P > 3P< )7*+73'9;,478'7/. T,. > 3(4( *7 4,89@97*', 78 ., STC<
67WI.$$1< 67 23 4,)G( %@.B.< 2P/ T., 984(69@93,A9.96,6 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* @9)47* 67 .(*
T)9A&8,.7* 3(8*'9'&>7 &8 ;,.() B&)E693( 3(8*&*',839,. , &8, '&'7., 7@73'9;,< ?&7 8( C, 67
;7)*7 3(4( &8 47)( ,*+73'( @()4,. > ,337*()9( 67. 67)73C( @&86,478',. :,),8'9G,6( 78 7.
,)'93&.( 24J1 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 E*+,-(.,T
E@73'9;,478'7< 7. 67)73C( , ?&7 *7 )7*+7'78 > 7B73&'78 .,* )7*(.&39(87* J&6939,.7* @9)47* 78
*&* +)(+9(* 'D)498(*... 7*', 3(4+)78696( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 24J1 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 E*+,-(.,<
+&7* *98 D. ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, *7 ;7)E, )76&396, , +)(6&39) 6739*9(87* +&),478'7
673.,),'9;,* ?&7 8( ,4+,),)E,8 .(* 98'7)7*7* 67 ?&9787* ., 94+7'),*78. Y 397)',478'7< .,
7B73&39=8 C, 67 C,37)*7 78 .(* +)(+9(* 'D)498(* 67 ., +,)'7 69*+(*9'9;, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 ,
7B73&',)< +&7* .( 3(8'),)E( *&+(86)E, 9:&,. @),&67 ,. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., J&6939,. 7@73'9;, ?&7
., 8( 7B73&39=8< 3,&*,86( 9867@78*9=8 , ., +,)'7 ?&7 *7 ;97), +7)B&693,6, +() *747B,8'7
4(69@93,39=8. T,. C9+('D'93, +(*9A9.96,6 67 ,.'7),) .(* 'D)498(* 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* , 7B73&',)
(3,*9(8,)E, &8, :),;E*94, 98*7:&)96,6 B&)E693,< +&7* *&+(86)E, ,3,A,) 3(8 ., 8(39=8 49*4,
67 @9)47G,< 67B,86( ,. ,.A&) 67 +7'939(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* ( 67 ,3'&,39(87* 67 (@939(<
94+)(37678'7* > 7F'74+()587,*< 7. )7*&.',6( @98,. 67 3&,.?&97) +)(37694978'( B&6939,.. P()
'(6( 7..(< ., 984(69@93,A9.96,6 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* @9)47* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7* 3(8*'9'&>7 &8
;,.() B&)E693( 3(8*&*',839,. , &8, '&'7., B&6939,. 7.73'9;,< ?&7 8( C, 67 ;7)*7 3(4( &8 47)(
,*+73'( @()4,. > ,337*()9( 67. 67)73C( 1&86,478',. :,),8'9G,6( 78 7. ,)'93&.( 24J1
C(8*'9'&39=8 E*+,-(., %SSTC 11$WI.$""< 67 20 67 B&89(< @&86,478'( B&)E693( 2PM > 12W1.$"$<
67 23 787)(/.
ART5CULO 8I@-4 ACLARACIÓN Y CORRECCIÓN DE RESOLUCIONES-
3- L$! $c#$r$cin"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# $r'2c(# $n'"rir p%r>n &$c"r!" %" +ici
%"n'r %" #! 'r"! K=) %2$! &>1i#"! !i.(i"n'"! $# %" #$ p(1#ic$ci0n %" #$ r"!#(ci0n;
$ p"'ici0n %" p$r'" %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic "n !( c$!; +r/(#$%$ %"n'r %"#
/i!/ p#$7-
8- D"1"r> r"!#,"r!" #$ p"'ici0n %"n'r %" #! 'r"! K=) %2$! !i.(i"n'"! $# %" #$
pr"!"n'$ci0n %"# "!cri' "n :(" !" !#ici'" #$ $c#$r$ci0n-
=- L! "rrr"! /$'"ri$#"! /$ni+i"!'! * #! $ri'/<'ic! "n :(" inc(rr$n #$!
r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"! p%r>n !"r r"c'i+ic$%! "n c($#:(i"r //"n'; inc#(! %"
+ici-
Co)etarioL
E*'7 ,)'93&.( 7*', E8'94,478'7 3(83,'78,6( 3(8 7. ,8'7)9() > 7*+739@93, ., 7F37+39=8 67
,?&7.. S7 67*+)7867 67 *& )76,339=8 ?&7 .,* )7*(.&39(87* , ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 *(8 ,?&7..,* ?&7
1"$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+(878 @98 ,. B&939(< 4769,8'7 ,&'( ( *78'7839,< >, ?&7 ., +&A.93,39=8 67 &8, )7*(.&39=8 7*
,+.93,A.7 +,), 7*'(* 3,*(*.
ART5CULO 8IB-4 RESOLUCIONES DEFECTUOSAS Y SUBSANACIÓN-
3- L$! /i!in"! %"+"c'! %" :(" p(%i"r"n $%#"c"r !"n'"nci$! * $('! * :(" +("r"
n"c"!$ri r"/"%i$r p$r$ ##",$r p#"n$/"n'" $ "+"c' %ic&$! r"!#(cin"! p%r>n !"r
!(1!$n$%$!; /"%i$n'" $('; "n #! /i!/! p#$7! * pr "# /i!/ prc"%i/i"n'
"!'$1#"ci%! "n "# $r'2c(# $n'"rir-
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!(!'$nci$%$! "n "# prc"!; "# 'ri1(n$#; $ !#ici'(% "!cri'$ %" p$r'" "n "# p#$7 %"
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cinc KB) %2$!; %ic'$r> $(' pr "# :(" r"!#,"r> # prc"%"n'"-
=- Si "# 'ri1(n$# $%,ir'i"!" #$! /i!in"! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir; p%r>;
"n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$! $ cn'$r %"!%" #$ +"c&$ "n :(" !" %ic'0; prc"%"r %"
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c/p#"'$r #$! r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"!; !in p"r)(ici %" #! r"c(r!! :(" prc"%$n; "n
!( c$!; cn'r$ #$ !"n'"nci$ $(' $ :(" !" r"+iri"r$ #$ !#ici'(% #$ $c'($ci0n %"
+ici %"# 'ri1(n$#- L! p#$7! p$r$ "!'! r"c(r!!; !i +("r"n prc"%"n'"!;
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Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 20< 60.2< $"< 104< 14"< 213< 214< 426< 450< 451 CPC
Co)etarioL
A 69@7)7839, 67. ,)'E3&.( ?&7 ,8'73767< ,?&E ;74(* ?&7 7. 67@73'( +)(;9787 67. ')9A&8,.
3&,86( 78 *& )7*(.&39=8 C,>, (A;9,6( &8, +)7'78*9=8 *&B7', , 3(8')(;7)*9,. E. +)(37694978'(
7* 3(8@()47 , .,* )7:.,* 67. +)9839+9( 67 3(8'),69339=8 > *& 7F37+39=8 7* ., (@939(*96,6.
L.,4, ., ,'7839=8 7. 8&47),. 3&,)'( 3&,86( ,+,)78', 3(8'),69339=8 78 *& *&*37+'9A9.96,6 ,
)73&)*(M +7)( .7E6( 67'7896,478'7 *7 78'97867 ?&7 7. AUTO 6(867 7. T)9A&8,. *&A*,8, (
67897:, ., 49*4, 8( 7* )73&))9A.7< +7)( 7*'7 @()4, +,)'7 98'7:),. 67 ., *78'7839, (
+)(;967839, , .( 3&,. *7 .7 3(83767 '7)498( +,), )73&))9) *(A)7 ., *78'7839, +)94,)9,< *(A)7 .,
*&A*,8,39=8 ( +() ,4A,*< *7:K8 *7 67 7. 3,*(.
1$0
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
SECCION 8O
REJUISITOS INTERNOS DE LA SENTENCIA
ART5CULO 8IC-4 CLARIDAD; PRECISIÓN Y EMHAUSTIVIDAD-
3- L$! !"n'"nci$! %"1"n !"r c#$r$!; pr"ci!$! * "?&$(!'i,$!-
8- E# 'ri1(n$#; !in $p$r'$r!" %" #$ c$(!$ %" p"%ir $c(%i"n% $ +(n%$/"n'! %" &"c&
%" %"r"c& %i!'in'! %" #! :(" #$! p$r'"! &$*$n :("ri% &$c"r ,$#"r; r"!#,"r>
cn+r/" $ #$! nr/$! $p#ic$1#"! $# c$!; $(n:(" n &$*$n !i% $c"r'$%$/"n'"
ci'$%$! $#".$%$! pr #! #i'i.$n'"!-
=- C($n% #! p(n'! 1)"' %"# #i'i.i &$*$n !i% ,$ri!; "# 'ri1(n$# &$r> cn #$
%"1i%$ !"p$r$ci0n "# prn(nci$/i"n' crr"!pn%i"n'" $ c$%$ (n %" "##!-
Co)etario*
C(8*967),86( ?&7 ., *78'7839, 7* ., )7*+&7*', , &8, d+)7'78*9=8 674,86,6,< 67A7 *7)<
(A;9,478'7 7*'94,'()9, ( 67*7*'94,'()9,< 67 7*, +)7'78*9=8 7B7)396, > ,3.,), 7. 67)73C(
3(8')(;7)'96(. P&767 78 4,'7)9, 39;9. *7) 673.,),'9;, ( 3(8678,'()9,< +() 7*( > 78 49), 67
&8, B&*'939, 3(8 ., 3,), 69)9:96, ,. +&7A.( %A978 *&+)74( 67 '(6, )7+KA.93,/< 7* 4787*'7) ?&7
7. B&G:,6() '78:, 7. 3&96,6( 67 ,8,.9G,) '(6, ., 3(8')(;7)*9, *(47'96, , 67A,'7 , 7@73'( ?&7
*& +,)'7 )7*(.&'9;, *7, ,3()67 ,. .9'9:9( %+)9839+9( 67 3())7.,39=8 67 ., *78'7839, 3(8 .,
674,86,/. C&,.?&97) *78'7839, ?&7 8( *7, +)739*, ( 3.,), +&767 3(8*7:&9) 7. 7@73'( 3(8'),)9(
67 *& 8,'&),.7G,< 3,&*,86( 3(8@&*9=8 7 9837)'96&4A)7 .( ?&7 +() *9 '),7)E, 98*7:&)96,6
B&)E693,. S& 98(A*7);,839, +&767 *7)< 78 *7:&86, 98*',839,< ,8&.,6,.
ART5CULO 8IE-4 MOTIVACIÓN-
3- L$! !"n'"nci$! !" /'i,$r>n "?pr"!$n% #! r$7n$/i"n'! +>c'ic! * )(r2%ic! :("
cn%(c"n $ #$ $pr"ci$ci0n * ,$#r$ci0n %" #$! pr("1$!; $!2 c/ $ #$ $p#ic$ci0n "
in'"rpr"'$ci0n %"# D"r"c&-
8- L$ /'i,$ci0n %"1"r> inci%ir "n #! %i!'in'! "#"/"n'! +>c'ic! * )(r2%ic! %"#
p#"i'; cn!i%"r$%! in%i,i%($#/"n'" * "n cn)(n'; $)(!'>n%!" !i"/pr" $ #$!
r".#$! %" #$ #0.ic$ * %" #$ r$70n-
Co)etario*
S7 69*39+.98, 78 7*'7 +)737+'( 7. ,.3,837< 7F'78*9=8 > +)(@&8696,6 67 ?&7 C,8 67 7*',)
6(',6(* .(* ),G(8,4978'(* ?&7 *9);78 67 *&*'78'( , ., +,)'7 69*+(*9'9;, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8M
*9786( 8737*,)9( ?&7 78 D*'(* *7 '(47 78 3(8*967),39=8 > (@)7G3, )7*+&7*', +&8'&,. >
3&4+.96, , '(6(* > 3,6, &8( 67 .(* 7F')74(* ,.7:,6(* 78 ,+(>( 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87*
)7*+73'9;,*. C97)',478'7< 7* &8 987F3&*,A.7 67A7) 67 .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7* 7. 67 4('9;,) *&*
)7*(.&39(87* 3(4( 7F9:7839, 94+.E39', 78 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > ?&7 67'7)498, ?&7 78 &8
1$1
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*',6( 67 D7)73C( C,> ?&7 7F+)7*,) 3&5. *7, ., ),G=8 67. D7)73C( B&6939,.478'7 98'7)+)7',6(
> ,+.93,6(. E*', 7F9:7839, ?&7 )7*+(867 , &8, 6(A.7 @98,.96,6L
,/ D7 &8 .,6(< ., 67 7F'7)9()9G,) 7. @&86,478'( 67 ., 6739*9=8< C,39786( 7F+.E39'( ?&7 D*',
3())7*+(867 , &8, 67'7)498,6, ,+.93,39=8 67 ., L7>M ><
A/ S7 (')(< +7)49'9) *& 7;78'&,. 3(8')(. B&)9*69339(8,. 4769,8'7 7. 7B7)3939( 67 .(* )73&)*(*.
E8 7*'7 *78'96(< C,> ?&7 '787) +)7*78'7 ?&7 7. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;, 983.&>7 7.
67 (A'787) 67 .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7* &8, )7*+&7*', ),G(8,6,< 4('9;,6,< @&86,6, 78 D7)73C( >
3(8:)&78'7 3(8 .,* +)7'78*9(87* (+()'&8,478'7 676&396,* +() .,* +,)'7*< +() 3&,8'( .,
4('9;,39=8 67 .,* )7*(.&39(87* B&6939,.7*< 7* &8, 7F9:7839, 67)9;,6, 67. 67)73C( 67 67@78*,
> 67. 67)73C( 67 9867+7867839, 7 94+,)39,.96,6 67 .(* B&737* ?&7 )73(:7 7. A)'. 3 CPC ?&7
+7)49'7 3(8(37) .,* ),G(87* 67 ., 6739*9=8 ?&7 ,?&D..,* 3(8'97878 > ?&7 +(*9A9.9', *& 3(8')(.
4769,8'7 7. *9*'74, 67 .(* )73&)*(*M ',8'( 45* 3&,86( ., 7F9:7839, 67 4('9;,39=8 78')(83,
67 @()4, 69)73', 3(8 7. +)9839+9( 67. E*',6( 674(3)5'93( 67 D7)73C( > 3(8 &8, 3(837+39=8
67 ., .7:9'9496,6 67 ., @&839=8 B&)9*69339(8,. *&*'78',6, 7*7839,.478'7 78 7. 3,)53'7)
;983&.,8'7 ?&7 +,), '(6( =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. '97878 ., L7> > ., C(8*'9'&39=8. S98 74A,):(
> , 4,>() ,A&86,4978'(< ., ),G=8 K.'94, ?&7 *&*'78', 7*'7 67A7) 67 4('9;,39=8< 78 ',8'( ?&7
(A.9:,39=8 67 7F'7)9()9G,) 7. @&86,478'( 67 ., 6739*9=8 ,6(+',6, +() 7. =):,8(
B&)9*69339(8,.< )7*967 78 ., 98'7)69339=8 67 ., ,)A9'),)976,6 >< +() ',8'(< 78 ., 8737*96,6 67
7;967839,) ?&7 7. @,..( 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 8( 7* &8 *94+.7 > ,)A9'),)9( ,3'( 67 ;(.&8',6 67.
B&G:,6() 78 7B7)3939( 67 &8 )73C,G,A.7 ,A*(.&'9*4( B&6939,.< *98( &8, 6739*9=8 ),G(8,6, 78
'D)498(* 67 D7)73C(. E*', 7F9:7839, 3&4+.7 &8, 6(A.7 @98,.96,6 984769,',L 67 &8 .,6(<
:,),8'9G,) 7. 7;78'&,. 3(8')(. B&)9*69339(8,. 67 .(* @,..(* 693',6(* +() .(* B&737* > T)9A&8,.7*
, '),;D* 67. *9*'74, 67 )73&)*(* > 67 (')( +7)49'9) ,. 39&6,6,8( 3(8(37) 7. @&86,478'( 67 .,*
6739*9(87* B&6939,.7*< C,39786( 7F+.E39'( ?&7 D*',* 3())7*+(8678 , &8, 67'7)498,6,
,+.93,39=8 67 ., L7>M 3(8*'9'&>786( ., 7*7839, 67. 3(8')(. , 67*,))(..,) +() 7*'7 T)9A&8,. .,
3(4+)(A,39=8 67 ., )7.,39=8 69)73', > 4,89@97*', 7F9*'78'7 78')7 ., 8()4, ?&7 7. J&G:,6()
673.,), ,+.93,A.7 > 7. @,..( 67 ., )7*(.&39=8< 7F'7)9()9G,6, 78 ., ,):&478',39=8 B&)E693,
3(86&378'7 , D*'7.
ART5CULO 8IF-4 CONGRUENCIA-
3- L$! !"n'"nci$! %"1"n !"r cn.r("n'"! cn #$! %"/$n%$! * cn #$! %"/>!
pr"'"n!in"! %" #$! p$r'"!; %"%(ci%$! pr'(n$/"n'" "n "# p#"i'-
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Co)etario*
S7 C, ;7896( 67@989786( 7. ;939( 67 983(8:)&7839,< 3(4( 7. 67*,B&*'7 78')7 7. @,..( B&6939,. >
.(* 'D)498(* 78 .(* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,8 @()4&.,6( ., +)7'78*9=8 ( +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 3(8*'9'&>78
1$2
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(. A. 3(83767) 45*< 478(* ( 3(*, 69*'98', 67 .( +7696(< 7. =):,8( B&6939,.
983&))7< 67 4(6( )79'7),6(< 78 .,* @()4,* 67 983(8:)&7839, 3(8(396,* 3(4( H&.'), +7'9',I<
H39'), +7'9',I ( H7F'), +7'9', +,)'9&4I< +('7839,.478'7 )7;7.,6(),* 67 ., +,)39,.96,6 67.
=):,8( B&6939,.< ?&7 673967 .( ?&7 8,697 .7 +967< ( 67 ., 9867@78*9=8 67 ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7*<
?&7 *7 783&78'), *()+)7*9;,478'7 3(8 &8, 6739*9=8 ,B78, ,. 67A,'7 +)7;9(. S7 C, 7.,A(),6(
,*E &8 3&7)+( 67 6(3')98, 3(8*(.96,6(< ?&7 +&767 *9*'74,'9G,)*7< , .(* 7@73'(* ?&7 78 7*'7
3(478',)9( 98'7)7*,8< 78 .(* *9:&978'7* +&8'(*L
,/ E. ;939( 67 983(8:)&7839,< 78'78696( 3(4( 67*,B&*'7 78')7 7. @,..( B&6939,. > .(* 'D)498(*
78 .(* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,8 @()4&.,6( *&* +)7'78*9(87*< 3(83769786( 45* ( 478(* ( 3(*,
69*'98', 67 .( +7696(< +&767 78'),-,) &8, ;&.87),39=8 67. +)9839+9( 67 3(8'),69339=8
3(8*'9'&'9;, 67 &8, 7@73'9;, ;&.87),39=8 67. 67)73C( , ., '&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,< *974+)7 >
3&,86( ., 67*;9,39=8 *7, 67 ',. 8,'&),.7G, ?&7 *&+(8:, &8, *&*',839,. 4(69@93,39=8 67 .(*
'D)498(* 78 .(* ?&7 69*3&))9= ., 3(8')(;7)*9, +)(37*,. 3(8 98@),339=8 67. ,)'. 4 CPC.. E.
B&939( *(A)7 ., 3(8:)&7839, 67 ., )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. +)739*, 67 ., 3(8@)(8',39=8 78')7 *& +,)'7
69*+(*9'9;, > 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 67.949',6( +() *&* 7.7478'(* *&AB7'9;(* V %+,)'7*/ >
(AB7'9;(* %3,&*, 67 +769) > +7'9'&4/. C9-D86(8(* , 7*'(* K.'94(*< ., ,673&,39=8 67A7
7F'7867)*7 ',8'( ,. )7*&.',6( ?&7 7. .9'9:,8'7 +)7'7867 (A'787)< 3(4( , .(* C73C(* ?&7
*&*'78',8 ., +)7'78*9=8 > ,. @&86,478'( B&)E693( ?&7 ., 8&')7< *98 ?&7 .,* )7*(.&39(87*
B&6939,.7* +&76,8 4(69@93,) ., 3,&*, +7'7869< ,.'7),86( 67 (@939( ., ,339=8 7B7)39',6,< +&7* *7
C,A)E,8 693',6( *98 (+()'&896,6 67 67A,'7 89 67 67@78*, *(A)7 .,* 8&7;,* +(*939(87* 78 ?&7
7. =):,8( B&6939,. *9'K, 7. '74, 673967869.
A/ L, 983(8:)&7839, (49*9;, ( 7F *9.78'9( *7 +)(6&37< 78 7*7839,< 3&,86( 7. =):,8( B&6939,.
67B, *98 3(8'7*',) ,.:&8, 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87* *(47'96,* , *& 3(8*967),39=8< > ., 678(498,6,
H983(8:)&7839, +() 7F37*( ( 7F'), +7'9'&4 *7 +)(6&37 3&,86( 7. =):,8( B&6939,. 3(83767
,.:( 8( +7696( ( *7 +)(8&839, *(A)7 &8, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7 8( @&7 (+()'&8,478'7 676&396, +()
.(* .9'9:,8'7*< 7 94+.93, &8 67*,B&*'7 ( 98,673&,39=8 78')7 7. @,..( ( ., +,)'7 69*+(*9'9;, 67 .,
)7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. > .(* 'D)498(* 78 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* @()4&.,)(8 *&* +)7'78*9(87*. E8 ,.:&8,*
(3,*9(87* ,4A(* '9+(* 67 983(8:)&7839, +&7678 +)7*78',)*7 &896,*< 6586(*7 ., ..,4,6,
H983(8:)&7839, +() 7))()I< ?&7 7* ,?&D.., 78 ., ?&7 3(83&))78 ,. &8E*(8( .,* 6(* ,8'7)9()7*
3.,*7* 67 983(8:)&7839,L *7 '),', 67 *&+&7*'(* 78 .(* ?&7< +() 7))() 67 3&,.?&97) :D87)(
*&@)96( +() 7. =):,8( B&6939,.< 8( *7 )7*&7.;7 *(A)7 ., +)7'78*9=8 ( +)7'78*9(87* @()4&.,6,*
+() .,* +,)'7* 78 ., 674,86, ( *(A)7 .(* 4('9;(* 67. )73&)*(< *98( ?&7 7?&9;(3,6,478'7 *7
),G(8, *(A)7 ('), +)7'78*9=8 ,A*(.&',478'7 ,B78, ,. 67A,'7 +)(37*,. +.,8'7,6(< 67B,86( ,.
49*4( '974+( ,?&D.., *98 )7*+&7*',M
3/ L, 983(8:)&7839, 7F'), +7'9'&4< ?&7 7* ., 4(6,.96,6 4,* @)73&78'7< 3(8*'9'&>7 *974+)7
&8, 98@),339=8 67. +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( > 67 ,+()',39=8 67 .,* +,)'7* ?&7 94+967 ,. =):,8(
B&6939,.< 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.< +)(8&839,)*7 *(A)7 ,?&7..,* +)7'78*9(87* ?&7 8( @&7)(8
7B7)39',6,* +() .,* +,)'7*< ,. *7) D*',* .,* ?&7< 78 *& 3,.96,6 67 ;7)6,67)(* 6(4989 .9'9*<
3(8@()4,8 7. (AB7'( 67. 67A,'7 ( 'C74, 673967869 > 7. ,.3,837 67. +)(8&839,4978'( B&6939,.<
+() .( ?&7 D*'7 67A7)5 ,673&,)*7 , .( ?&7 @&7 (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 67.949',6(< , ',.7* 7@73'(*<
1$3
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+() .(* *&B7'(* 67. 49*4( %+,)'7*/< +() .( +7696( %+7'9'&4/ > +() .(* C73C(* ( )7,.96,6
C9*'=)93, ?&7 .7* *9);7 3(4( ),G=8 ( 3,&*, 67 +769) %3,&*, +7'7869/.

6/ E. +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( > 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7 67. A)'. 10 > 11 CPC< )9:7 ',4A9D8 7.
*9*'74, +)(37*,. 78 ., *7:&86, 98*',839, 39;9. > 3(8@9:&), .,* @,3&.',67* 67 3(8(394978'( 67.
=):,8( ,6 ?&74< ?&7< 78 ;9)'&6 67. +)9839+9( ',8'&4 67;(.&'&4 T?&,8'&4T ,++7..,'&4< *=.(
+&767 78'),) , 3(8(37) *(A)7 ,?&7..(* 7F')74(* 67 ., S78'7839, 67 98*',839, ?&7 C,>,8 *96(
(AB7'( 67 94+&:8,39=8 +() .,* +,)'7* 78 7. )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 L( 693C( 8( 3(4+()', ?&7 7.
J&7G 67A, ?&76,) ;983&.,6( )E:96,478'7 +() 7. '78() 67 .(* 3(83)7'(* +769478'(* ,)'93&.,6(*
+() .,* +,)'7* 78 *&* )7*+73'9;(* 7*3)9'(* @()78*7* ( +() .(* ),G(8,4978'(* ( ,.7:,39(87*
B&)E693,* 7*:)9496,* 78 *& ,+(>(. P() &8 .,6(< 7. +)9839+9( 9&), 8(;9' 3&)9, +7)49'7 ,. J&7G
@&86,) 7. @,..( 78 .(* +)737+'(* .7:,.7* ( 8()4,* B&)E693,* ?&7 *7,8 67 +7)'9878'7 ,+.93,39=8
,. 3,*(< ,&8?&7 8( C,>,8 *96( 98;(3,6(* +() .(* .9'9:,8'7*M >< +() (')( .,6(< 7. =):,8( B&6939,.
*=.( 7*'5 ;983&.,6( +() ., 7*7839, 67 .( +7696( > 69*3&'96( 78 7. +.79'(< > 8( +() ., .9'7),.96,6
67 .,* 3(83)7',* +)7'78*9(87* 7B7)39',6,*< ',. > 3(4( C,>,8 *96( @()4,.478'7 *(.939',6,* +()
.(* .9'9:,8'7*< 67 @()4, ?&7 8( 7F9*'9)5 ., 983(8:)&7839, 7F'), +7'9'&4 3&,86( 7. J&7G (
T)9A&8,. 67396, ( *7 +)(8&8397 *(A)7 &8, +)7'78*9=8 ?&7< ,&8 3&,86( 8( @&7 @()4,. (
7F+)7*,478'7 7B7)39',6,< 7*',A, 94+.E39', ( 7), 3(8*73&7839, 987*39869A.7 ( 8737*,)9, 67 .(*
+769478'(* ,)'93&.,6(* ( 67 ., 3&7*'9=8 +)9839+,. 67A,'96, 78 7. +)(37*(.
7/ P,), ?&7 ., 983(8:)&7839, +() 7F37*( ,6?&97), )7.7;,839, +)(37*,. 3(8*'9'&39(8,. > +&76,
*7) 3(8*'9'&'9;, 67 &8, .7*9=8 67. 67)73C( , ., H'&'7., B&6939,. 7@73'9;,I *7 )7?&97)7 &8,
67*;9,39=8 7*7839,. :787),6(), 67 9867@78*9=8L H?&7 7. 67*,B&*'7 78')7 7. @,..( B&6939,. > .(*
'D)498(* 78 ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,>,8 @()4&.,6( *&* +)7'78*9(87*< +() 3(83767) 45* 67 .( +7696(
%&.'), +7'9'&4/ ( ,.:( 69*'98'( 67 .( +7696( %7F'), +7'9'&4/< e*&+(8:, &8, 4(69@93,39=8
*&*',839,. 67. (AB7'( +)(37*,.< 3(8 ., 3(8*9:&978'7 9867@78*9=8 > *&*'),339=8 , .,* +,)'7* 67.
;7)6,67)( 67A,'7 3(8'),693'()9(< +)(6&39D86(*7 &8 @,..( 7F'),-( , .,* )7*+73'9;,*
+)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7*< 67 @()4, ?&7 ., 6739*9=8 B&6939,. *7 C,>, +)(8&839,6( *(A)7 '74,*
( 4,'7)9,* 8( 67A,'96,* (+()'&8,478'7 78 7. +)(37*( > )7*+73'( 67 .,* 3&,.7*< +()
3(8*9:&978'7< .,* +,)'7* 8( '&;97)(8 (+()'&896,6 67 7B7)39',) ,673&,6,478'7 *& 67)73C( 67
67@78*,< @()4&.,86( ( 7F+(89786( .,* ,.7:,39(87* > ,):&478'(* ?&7 '&;97),8 +()
3(8;78978'7 78 ,+(>( 67 *&* )7*+73'9;,* +(*939(87*
ART5CULO 8IH-4 SENTENCIAS CON RESERVA DE LIJUIDACIÓN-
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1$4
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
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Co)etario*
E. (AB7'( 67 7*'7 +)737+'( *7 3(83)7', , ,. 8737*96,6 67 ?&7 8( 7* +(*9A.7 78',A.,) 674,86,*
47),478'7 673.,),'9;,* *(A)7 7. 67)73C( ,. +,:( 67 &8, 3,8'96,6 67 6987)(< )78', (
&'9.96,67*< *98( ?&7 67A7 67 3&,8'9@93,)*7 7. 94+()'7 7F,3'( 67 .( +7696( > ?&7 8( +&767
69@7)9)*7 +,), 7B73&39=8 67 *78'7839, ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 .,* 3(83)7',* 3,8'96,67* 67A96,*<
*,.;( ?&7 *7 @9B78 &8,* A,*7* +)(A,6,* ( 98,4(;9A.7* ( ?&7 ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 ., 3&,8'E,
67A96, *=.( 67+786, 67 &8, 47), (+7),39=8 ,)9'4D'93,. S7 '),', 67 7;9',) +(*'7)9()7* >
69.,',6(* 9839678'7* 67 7B73&39=8 > 67 47),* *78'7839,* 673.,),'9;,* 3&,86( 7* +(*9A.7 @9B,)
., 3&,8'E, 7F,3', 67 .( 67A96( 678')( 67. +)(37*( +)9839+,..
ART5CULO 83I-4 COSA JU6GADA MATERIAL-
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1$5
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C- L$ c!$ )(7.$%$ "! "+ic$7 +r"n'" $ '"rc"r!; $(n:(" n &(1i"!" #i'i.$% "n #$!
c("!'in"! r"#$'i,$! $# "!'$% ci,i# %" #$! p"r!n$! * "n #$! %" ,$#i%"7 n(#i%$% %"
#$! %i!p!icin"! '"!'$/"n'$ri$!-
E- A #! "+"c'! %" #i'i!p"n%"nci$ * %" c!$ )(7.$%$; #! &"c&! * #! +(n%$/"n'!
)(r2%ic! $%(ci%! "n (n #i'i.i !" cn!i%"r$r>n #! /i!/! :(" #! $#".$%! "n 'r
)(ici $n'"rir !i &(1i"!"n p%i% $#".$r!" "n <!'"-
Co)etarioL
E. +)(37*( 7*'5 3(4+&7*'( +() &8, *7)97 67 ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* *&37*9;(* ?&7 78 ,.:K8
4(478'( '9787 ?&7 @98,.9G,). C&,86( *7 C,A., 67 3(*, B&G:,6, 8(* )7@7)94(* , ?&7 7. +)(37*(
+)739*,478'7 C, ..7:,6( , 7*7 4(478'( 78 7. ?&7 *7 6, +() '7)498,6( > *& )7*&.',6( 7*
98,4(;9A.7 3(8*'9'&>D86(*7 78 'E'&.( 67 7B73&39=8. L, 7;(.&39=8 ',8'( 6(3')98,. 3(4(
B&)9*+)&67839,. *(A)7 *& 3(837+'( C, *96( 4&> 3(4+.7B, > ;,)9,6,. E8 .( ?&7 8( 3,A7 6&6, 7*
?&7 ., 3(*, B&G:,6, +7)*9:&7 ., *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,< 67 4(6( ?&7 &8, ;7G ., )7*(.&39=8
B&6939,. C, ,6?&9)96( @9)47G,< 8( 3,A7 *& 4(69@93,39=8 ,.:&8,< 89 *9?&97), 67 (@939(. P()
',8'(< +(674(* ,@9)4,) ?&7 ., 3(*, B&G:,6, *&+(87 &8 473,89*4( 67 7?&9.9A)9( 78')7 .( ?&7
*7 C, ..,4,6( ;,.()JB&*'939, > ;,.()J*7:&)96,6 B&)E693, %98'7)7*, (A'787) B&*'939, +7)( *974+)7
3(8 .(* .E49'7* 67 ., *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,L 8,697 +&767 7*',) 67 +() ;96, +786978'7 67 &8,
+(*9A.7 4(69@93,39=8 67 ., *78'7839,/.
L, 3(*, B&G:,6, ;, , 67'7)498,) ?&7< 678')( 67 &8(* .E49'7*< 8( ?&7+, ;(.;7) , 3(8(37)
*(A)7 ,?&7..( ?&7 >, @&7 (AB7'( 67 )7*(.&39=8M 67 4(6( ?&7 ',)67 ( '74+),8( ., )7*(.&39=8
%:787),.478'7 &8, *78'7839,/ ,6?&9)9)5 .,* 8(',* 67 9))7;(3,A9.96,6 7 984&',A9.96,6. S7
69*'98:&7 78')7 3(*, B&G:,6, @()4,. %,)'. 1$6 CPC/ > 3(*, B&G:,6, 4,'7)9,. %,)'. 210 CPC/.
a) =ormal. S&+(87 ?&7 &8, *78'7839, 7* 98;,)9,A.7 > .( 7* 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, 67 *&
9894+&:8,A9.96,6. E*', 9894+&:8,A9.96,6 67 ., *78'7839, +&767 67A7)*7 ,. 7@73'( 67 .,
+)73.&*9=8 ( A978 , *& +)(+9, 8,'&),.7G,. E8 7. +)947) 3,*(< 7*',)E,4(* )7@9)9D86(8(* ,
,?&7..,* *78'7839,* ?&7 ,6?&97)78 @9)47G, 3(8 3,)53'7) *(A)7;7896(< A978 +()?&7 *9786(
94+&:8,A.7* 8( *7 C,>, 98'7)+&7*'( )73&)*( 78 +.,G(M A978 +()?&7 C,A9786( *96( 98'7)+&7*'(
7. )73&))78'7 C,>, 67*9*'96(M A978< +() K.'94(< +()?&7 7. )73&)*( C,>, *96( 67*7*'94,6(. E8 7.
*7:&86( 3,*( 8(* )7@7)9)E,4(* , ,?&7..,* )7*(.&39(87* ?&7 *(8 69)73',478'7 @9)47*< 7* 6739)<
3(8'), .,* ?&7 8( 3,A7 )73&)*( ,.:&8(.
b) ,aterial1 A +,)'9) 67. 4(478'( 78 ?&7 *7 +)(6&37 7. 7@73'( 67 3(*, B&G:,6, @()4,. *7
67)9;,8 &8, *7)97 67 7@73'(* 7F'7)8(*< ,B78(* 983.&*( ,. B&939(< > ?&7 +(674(* 67@989) 3(4(
,?&7..,* )7+7)3&*9(87* ?&7 +)(6&37 ., *78'7839, @9)47 78 7. 54A9'( 67. O)678,4978'(
J&)E693(. L, 3(*, B&G:,6, 4,'7)9,.< 78 7*'7 *78'96(< +)7*78', 6(* 7@73'(*L
• Jn e/ecto negativo. I4+967 &8 B&939( +(*'7)9() *(A)7 7. 49*4( (AB7'(. E* .( ?&7
3(4K8478'7 *7 3(8(37 3(4( +)9839+9( 8(8 A9* 98 7,674. N( *7 +&767 7*',)
3(8'98&,478'7 +.79'7,86( *(A)7 7. 49*4( ,*&8'(. S&+(87< +() ',8'(< 7F3.&9) 3&,.?&97)
*7:&86( +)(37*( *(A)7 &8, 49*4, 3&7*'9=8. E*'7 7@73'( (+7), , 4(6( 67 7F37+39=8<
67 @()4, ?&7 ., +,)'7< :787),.478'7 ., 674,86,6,< ?&7 ,+)7397 ?&7 *7 C, +.,8'7,6( &8
*7:&86( +)(37*( ,8'7 &8 49*4( ( 69@7)78'7 B&G:,6( *(A)7 &8, 49*4, 3&7*'9=8 ?&7 >,
1$6
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@&7 (AB7'( 67 &8 +)(37*( 69*'98'(< +(6)5 98;(3,) 78 ., 3(8'7*',39=8 , ., 674,86, .,
7F37+39=8 67 3(*, B&G:,6,.
• Jn e/ecto positivo. S&+(87 ., ;983&.,39=8 )7*+73'( 67 .(* B&737* +,), &8 *&+&7*'( @,..(
@&'&)(. L(* B&737*< 78 ;9)'&6 67. 7@73'( 87:,'9;( 67 ., 3(*, B&G:,6,< 8( +&7678 3(8(37)
*(A)7 &8 ,*&8'( >, +)(37*,6(. AC(), A978< *9 '&;97),8 ?&7 C,37).( +() 7. 7@73'(
+(*9'9;( 67 ., 3(*, B&G:,6,< ?&76,)58 ;983&.,6(* +() ., *78'7839, ?&7 *7 693'= 78 *&
6E,.
CAP5TULO VII
NULIDAD DE LOS ACTOS PROCESALES
ART5CULO 833-4 CLASES-
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SECCIÓN 3O
CLASES Y CAUSAS
ART5CULO 838-4 NULIDAD-
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3- C($n% !" pr%(7c$n pr $n'" 'ri1(n$# cn +$#'$ %" )(ri!%icci0n; %"
c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$ +(ncin$#-
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i/p"r$'i,$/"n'"-
=- C($n% !" r"$#ic"n 1$) ,i#"nci$ in'i/i%$ci0n-
@- C($n% !" pr"!cin%$ %" nr/$! "!"nci$#"! %"# prc"%i/i"n'; !i"/pr" :("; pr "!$
c$(!$; !" &$*$ pr%(ci% in%"+"n!i0n-
B- C($n% !" r"$#ic"n !in in'"r,"nci0n %" pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c&; "n #! c$!! "n :("
#$ #"* #$ "!'$1#"7c$ c/ 1#i.$'ri$-
C- En #! c$!! "n :(" "!'" C0%i. * %"/>! #"*"! $!2 # %"'"r/in"n-
ART5CULO 83=-4 ANULABILIDAD-
3- L! $c'! prc"!$#"! :(" cn'"n.$n irr".(#$ri%$%"! !"r>n $n(#$1#"! $ in!'$nci$ %"
p$r'" *; !i"/pr" :(" n !"$ p!i1#"; !(1!$n$r#!-
1$7
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- Si #$ p$r'" $ :(i"n in'"r"!" n i/p(.n$ (n $c' $n(#$1#"; :("%$r> !$n$% $#
'i"/p %" #$ +ir/"7$ %" #$ r"!#(ci0n-
=- L$! $c'($cin"! )(%ici$#"! r"$#i7$%$! +("r$ %"# 'i"/p "!'$1#"ci% !0# p%r>n
$n(#$r!" !i # i/p(!i"r" #$ n$'(r$#"7$ %"# '<r/in p#$7-
ConcordanciaL
A)'E3&.(* 507 CPC< 155$ C. C9;9.M 746 C. C(47)39(
SECCIÓN 8O
DENUNCIA
ART5CULO 83@-4 MEDIOS PARA LOGRAR LA NULIDAD O ANULACIÓN DE UN
ACTO PROCESAL-
3- L$ n(#i%$%; "n '% c$!; * #! %"+"c'! %" +r/$ "n #! $c'! prc"!$#"! :("
i/p#i:("n $(!"nci$ %" #! r":(i!i'! in%i!p"n!$1#"! p$r$ $#c$n7$r !( +in
%"'"r/in"n "+"c'i,$ in%"+"n!i0n; !" &$r>n ,$#"r pr /"%i %" #! r"c(r!!
"!'$1#"ci%! "n #$ #"* cn'r$ #$ r"!#(ci0n %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
8- Sin p"r)(ici %" "##; "# 'ri1(n$# p%r>; %" +ici $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; $n'"! %"
:(" &(1i"r" r"c$2% r"!#(ci0n :(" pn.$ +in $# prc"!; * !i"/pr" :(" n prc"%$
#$ !(1!$n$ci0n; %"c#$r$r; pr",i$ $(%i"nci$ %" #$! p$r'"!; #$ n(#i%$% %" '%$! #$!
$c'($cin"! %" $#.(n$ "n p$r'ic(#$r-
=- En nin.9n c$! p%r> "# 'ri1(n$#; cn c$!i0n %" (n r"c(r!; %"cr"'$r %" +ici (n$
n(#i%$% %" #$! $c'($cin"! :(" n &$*$ !i% !#ici'$%$ "n %ic& r"c(r!; !$#, :("
$pr"ci$r" +$#'$ %" )(ri!%icci0n %" c/p"'"nci$ 1)"'i,$; +(ncin$# '"rri'ri$#
c($n% <!'$ ,"n.$ +i)$%$ i/p"r$'i,$/"n'" !" &(1i"!" pr%(ci% ,i#"nci$
in'i/i%$ci0n :(" $+"c'$r" $ "!" 'ri1(n$#-
ART5CULO 83B-4 NULIDAD DE ACTUACIONES-
3- J(i"n"! !"$n p$r'" #".2'i/$ p%r>n p"%ir pr "!cri' :(" !" %"c#$r" #$ n(#i%$% %"
$c'($cin"! +(n%$%$ "n %"+"c'! %" +r/$ :(" &$*$n c$(!$% in%"+"n!i0n "n "#
//"n' "n :(" !" $%,i"r'$-
8- Si #$ c$(!$ %" n(#i%$% !" %i"r$ * $%()"r$ %(r$n'" #$ pri/"r$ #$ !".(n%$
in!'$nci$; "# 'ri1(n$# p%r> %"ci%ir %" p#$n "!p"c2+ic$ " in/"%i$'$/"n'" !1r" #$
c("!'i0n p#$n'"$%$-
=- L$ n(#i%$% !" 'r$/i'$r> pr "# prc"%i/i"n' pr",i!' p$r$ #! inci%"n'"! "n
."n"r$# * n '"n%r> "+"c' !(!p"n!i,; * !" %"ci%ir> pr /"%i %" $(' cn'r$ "#
:(" n c$1r> r"c(r! $#.(n-
1$"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@- E# 'ri1(n$# in$%/i'ir> $ 'r>/i'"; /"%i$n'" $(' !(cin'$/"n'" /'i,$%; c($#:(i"r
inci%"n'" "n "# :(" !" pr"'"n%$ !(!ci'$r 'r$! c("!'in"!-
B- Si !" "!'i/$r$ #$ n(#i%$%; !" r"pn%r>n #$! $c'($cin"! $# "!'$% in/"%i$'$/"n'"
$n'"rir $# %"+"c' :(" #$ &$*$ ri.in$% * !" !".(ir> "# prc"%i/i"n' #".$#/"n'"
"!'$1#"ci%- Si !" %"!"!'i/$r$ #$ !#ici'(% %" n(#i%$%; !" cn%"n$r> $# !#ici'$n'" "n
'%$! #$! c!'$! %"# inci%"n'" *; "n c$! %" :(" "# 'ri1(n$# "n'i"n%$ :(" !" pr/,i0
cn /$#ici$ #" i/pn%r>; $%"/>!; (n$ /(#'$ %" (n /"%i $ %! K8) !$#$ri!
/2ni/!- N 1!'$n'" # $n'"rir; "n "# //"n' "n :(" "# )("7 'ri1(n$#
$pr"ci$r" ",i%"n'" /$#ici$ "n #$ pr/ci0n %"# inci%"n'" # r"c&$7$r$ %" p#$n !in
r"c(r! $#.(n cn i/p!ici0n %" %ic&$ /(#'$-
Co)etarioL
3- Cnc"p'! 1>!ic!- R7*&.', 94+7)9(*( 67@989) 78 ?&7 3(8*9*'7 ., 8&.96,6 > ., ,8&.,A9.96,6<
>, ?&7 ,&8?&7 ,.:&8(* ,&'()7* ., 3(8*967),8 3(4( *98=894(*< ., '7867839, *(39,. '),', .,*
49*4,* 3(8 4&3C(* 3)9'7)9(* 67 69@7)7839,39=8. E* +() 7*( ?&7 8(* '(4,)74(* &8 +(3( 67
'974+( , @98 67 ?&7 8( ?&767 ., 478() 6&6, 78')7 &8, > ., ('),.
1.1.J L, 8&.96,6< 7* &8, 67 .,* 69@7)78'7* +(*9A.7* @()4,* 67 98;,.967G 67. 3(8'),'(. N&7*')(
()678 B&)E693( *&7.7 &'9.9G,) .(* 'D)498(* 67. 3(8'),'(. N&7*')( ()678 B&)E693( *&7.7 &'9.9G,)
.(* 'D)498(* 67 8&.96,6< 8&.( 78 3&,.?&97) '9+( 67 98;,.967G 7 983.&*( 987@93,39, 6(867 ..7:,)
, 7?&E;(3(* ?&7 *7 678(498,8 983(4+)78*9A.7*. P,), 3(4+)7867) ., 8&.96,6 67A7 '787)*7
+)7*78'7L
• 2&7 ., 8&.96,6 8( +)739*, 67 ., 673.,),39=8 B&6939,. 67 94+)7:8,39=8.
• S7 8737*9', &8, +)7;9, 94+&:8,39=8 +()?&7 7. 3(8'),'( 8&.( .( 7* *974+)7<
(+7),86( H(+7 .7:9*I 67 4,87), ?&7 ( *7 +)739*, 673.,),39=8.
• H,> ?&7 '787) +)7*78'7 ?&7 78 ,?&7..(* 3,*(* 78 .(* ?&7 7. 3(8'),'( 8&.( C,>,
'7896( &8, ,+,)97839, 67 87:(39( > 78 A,*7 , 7*7 4('9;( ,.:&978 4,8'78:, *&
;,.967G 3,A7 *(.939',) ., 98'7);7839=8 B&6939,. 783(8')586(*7 .7:9'94,6( +,),
*(.939',) 7*', ,3'&,39=8 , 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*.
• E. 3(8'),'( 8&.( 8( ;, , +)(6&39) 7@73'(* > ,?&7..(* ?&7 *7 C,>,8 +)(6&396( ;,8 ,
;(.;7) , *& +(*939=8.
• L, 8&.96,6 7* 67@989'9;, 7 98*&A*,8,A.7. E..( 94+.93, ?&7 7. +,*( 67. '974+( 8( ;, ,
;,)9,) 7. 3(8'),'( 8&.( > ;, , 94+.93,) ?&7 89 +)7*3)9A7 89 3,6&3, ., +(*9A9.96,6 67
67'7)498,)*7 ., 8&.96,6 67. 3(8'),'( 8&.(.
1.2. E83(8'),4(* 6(* '9+(* 67 8&.96,6 +() &8 .,6( 8&.96,6 ,A*(.&',< > +() (')( .,6( .,
8&.96,6 +,)39,..
L, +)947), *7 +)(6&37 3&,86( &8 3(8'),'( 7* ),693,.478'7 8&.( > +() .( ',8'( 987F9*'78'7. S7
3(8*967), ?&7 7*', 7F9*'7L
• C&,86( @,.',8 ,.:&8(* 67 .(* )7?&9*9'(* 3(8'74+.,6(* 3(4( 8737*,)9(* +,), .,
7@93,39, 67. ,3'(< 67 4,87), ?&7 C,A)5 8&.96,6 ,A*(.&', 3&,86( 7F9*'7 7. 67@73'(
,A*(.&'( 67 3(8*78'94978'( ( C,>, ., @,.', 67 3(8@()496,6 78')7 ., (@7)', > .,
,37+',39=8.
1$$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
• C&,86( 8( 3(83&)),8 6(* ( 45* ;(.&8',67* 3(8'),3'&,.7* +)(+9,* > +() *9 ,&'=8(4,*
,8'7 7. 67@73'( 67 (AB7'( 67. 3(8'),'(.
• C&,86( 7F9*', &8, @,.',.
• C&,86( *7 +)(6&G3, &8, 98(A*7);,839, 67 .,* @()4,* > )7?&9*9'(* 7F9:9A.7* 78
*&+&7*'(* 3(8'),3'&,.7* +,)'93&.,)7*.
• 2&7A),8',4978'( ( '),*+,*( 67 .(* .E49'7* , .(* ?&7 67A7 *(47'7)*7 ., ,8'(8(4,*9,
67 ., ;(.&8',6 67 .,* +,)'7*.
S7 +)(6&37 7*', 8&.96,6 ,A*(.&', 3&,86( .,* +,)'7* 78 7. 7B7)3939( 67 *& .9A)7 ,&'(8(4E,
*(A)7+,*,8 .(* .E49'7* 7*',A.7396(* +() .,* 8()4,* 94+7),'9;,* ( +)(C9A9'9;,* ?&7 *7
7*',A.7378 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 6.3 > ?&7 7F37+'K,8 .( 7*',A.7396( +() .,* 8()4,* 3(4( ('),
3(8*73&7839, 78 3,*( 67 3(8'),;7839=8. L, 8&.96,6 +,)39,. ( )7.,'9;, *7 6, 78 ,?&7..(*
*&+&7*'(* 78 .(* ?&7 *=.( &8, +,)'7 67. 3(8'),'( ( &8, 3.5&*&., 7* ., ?&7 7* 3(8'),)9, , 8()4,
94+7),'9;, ( +)(C9A9'9;, 7F3769786( +() .( ',8'( .(* .949'7* 67 ., ,&'(8(4E, 67 ., ;(.&8',6.
E. 3(8'),'(< 3(4( &896,6 ?&7 7*< +&767 '787) +,)'7 6(',6, 67 8&.96,6< .( ?&7 8( 94+.93, ?&7
., 8&.96,6 )7+7)3&', *(A)7 '(6( 7. 3(8'),'(. E*', +(*9A9.96,6 67 ., 8&.96,6 +,)39,. 8,37 3(8 .,
+)7'78*9=8 67 ;7.,) +() 7. +(67) +KA.93( 67 3(8*967),39=8 87:(39,..
N&7*')( ()678 B&)E693( 8( 7*',A.737 &8, )7:&.,39=8 7FC,&*'9;, +7)( *9 )73(:7 ., @9:&), 67 .,
8&.96,6 +,)39,. 78 ;,)9(* +)737+'(*. E8 7..(* *7 7*',A.737 ?&7 ., 8&.96,6 67 &8, 3.5&*&., 67.
3(8'),'( 8( ;, , ,@73',) , ., ;,.967G 67. '(6(. T789D86(*7 7F3.&*9;,* +() 8( +)7*',) 693C,
3.5&*&.,.
L, 8&.96,6 +,)39,. '9787 3(4( +)7'78*9=8 +)('7:7) 7. 47839(8,6( 98'7)D* ?&7 7* &8 98'7)D*
?&7 ,@73', , .,* +,)'7* 3(8'),',8'7*< 67 4,87), ?&7 +&767 ?&76,) *&+)9496, 67. 3(8'),'(
,?&7.., 3.5&*&., 8&., 4,8'789D86(*7 7. )7*'(.
N( (A*',8'7 *7 7F9:7 ?&7 7*', 7.9498,39=8 *7 3.5&*&., 8( 3(8..7;, ?&7 .(* 7@73'(*
+7)*7:&96(*< *7 3)778 4(69@93,6(* ( ,.'7),6(*< 7* 6739)< *7 +)739*, ?&7 .(* 7@73'(* 67.
3(8'),'( 6(867 ., 7.9498,39=8 67 ., 3.5&*&., 8&., C,8 67 *7) ,37+',6(* +() .,* +,)'7*
3(8'),',8'7*.
1.3.J C(837+'&,.478'7 *7 +&767 67'7)498,) ?&7 7. 3(8'),'( ,8&.,A.7 7* &8 3(8'),'(
98939,.478'7 7@93,G +7)( &8, 7@93,39, 3.,&69398'7 >, ?&7 7*', 67*,+,)737)5 78 7. 4(478'( 78
?&7 *7 7B7)37 ., ,8&.,A9.96,6 > *7 693', )7*(.&39=8 ,. )7*+73'(.
P,), ., C)&G 7*'7 3(8'),'( ,8&.,A.7 +&767 *7) ,649'96( 3(4( 7@93,G< +7)( 7..( 8( 3(8..7;,
?&7 *7, ;,.96(.
N97:, ., ;,.967G 67 7*'(* 3(8'),'(*< 78 A,*7 , ?&7 ., 7@93,39, +)(;9*9(8,. 8( *7 3())7*+(867
3(8 ., +)7'78*9=8 98939,. 67 .(* *&B7'(* 3(8'),',8'7*.
A6745* &8, ;7G ?&7 *7 C,37 ;,.7) ., ,8&.,A9.96,6< 7*'7 3(8'),'( +97)67 *& 7@93,39, > 67;9787
78 &8, 987@93,39, ,A*(.&', ,*E 3(4( 78 &8, 8&.96,6 ()9:98,. ',4A9D8 ,A*(.&',.
8- Di+"r"nci$ "n'r" n(#i%$% * $n(#$1i#i%$%-
L, 8&.96,6 8( 7* *&A*,8,A.7< > ., ,8&.,A9.96,6 *9 .( 7*. L, 8&.96,6 3(8..7;, ., 8( 7F9*'7839,
67 7@73'( ,.:&8(< 78 ., ,8&.,A9.96,6 .(* 7@73'(* *7 +)(6&378 78 ',8'( ?&7 7. 3(8'),'( ,8&.,A.7
8( *7, ,',3,6(. L, +)9839+,. 69@7)7839, 7* ?&7 ., 8&.96,6 +&767 *7) ,.7:,6, +() 3&,.?&97)
*&B7'( > +&767 67'7)498,)*7 67 (@939(< > ., ,8&.,A9.96,6 )7?&97)7 ?&7 &8 *&B7'( 98;(?&7 7*,
,339=8 7*',86( 7*'7 @,3&.',6( +,), +)(3767) , 3(8@9)4,) ( 7B7)37) ., ,339=8 67 ,8&.,A9.96,6.
200
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E. 98'7)D* ?&7 *7 ?&97)7 +)('7:7) 7* 69@7)78'7 67 4,87), ?&7 +() ., 8&.96,6 *7 +)7'7867
3&*'(69,) &8 98'7)D* +)9;,6( > +,)'93&.,) 67 &8 *&B7'( 67'7)498,6(.
=-4 Cnc"p' %" in%"+"n!i0n prc"!$#- E+"c'!-
1)78'7 ., 3(837+39=8 '),6939(8,.< ?&7 9:&,.,A, ., ;&.87),39=8 67 ., 8()4, +)(37*,. )7.7;,8'7
3(8 ., 8&.96,6 67. ,3'( '),*:)7*()< ., 6(3')98, C, 78&839,6( ., 69@7)7839, 78')7L
T9867@78*9(87* B&)E693( +)(37*,.7*T ( 47),478'7 @()4,.7*< 676&396,* 67 ., 98@),339=8 67 .,
L7> +)(37*,.M > .,* T9867@78*9(87* B&)E693(J3(8*'9'&39(8,.7*T< 4,'7)9,.7* ( )7,.7*< ?&7
67)9;,8 67 &8, ,+)739,39=8 67 ., *9'&,39=8 7*+73E@93, 67. B&*'939,A.7 ,@73',6( +() .,
9))7:&.,)96,6 +)(37*,..
C(8@()47 ,. ,)'E3&.( 212 CPC< .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* *7)58 8&.(* 3&,86( *7 +)7*3986, 67
8()4,* 7*7839,.7* 67. +)(37694978'(< *974+)7 ?&7< +() 7*, 3,&*,< C,>, +(696( +)(6&39)*7
9867@78*9=8. A-,69786( 7. ,)'E3&.( 214 CPC ?&7 ., 8&.96,6 67 +.78( 67)73C(< 78 '(6( 3,*(< >
.(* 67@73'(* 67 @()4, 78 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7* ?&7 94+.9?&78 ,&*7839, 67 .(* )7?&9*9'(*
9869*+78*,A.7* +,), ,.3,8G,) *& @98 ( 67'7)49878 7@73'9;, 9867@78*9=8< *7 C,)58 ;,.7) +()
4769( 67 .(* )73&)*(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7> 3(8'), ., )7*(.&39=8 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7 ( +() .(*
6745* 4769(* ?&7 7*',A.7G3,8 .,* .7>7* +)(37*,.7*< .( 3&,. *&+(87 ., 3(8*,:),39=8 .7:,. 67.
3(837+'( 67 9867@78*9=8 )7.7;,8'7 ( 7@73'9;,. A*E< ., STC E*+,-(. 10$W2002< 67 6 67 4,>(
)73&7)6, ?&7 _... Asimismo, "emos declarado !e por inde/ensión constit!cionalmente
relevante solo p!ede entenderse la sit!ación en la !e, normalmente con in/racción de !na
norma procesal, el órgano #!dicial en el c!rso del proceso impide a !na parte el e#ercicio
del derec"o de de/ensa, privando o limitando bien s! /ac!ltad de alegar y #!sti/icar s!s
derec"os e intereses para !e le sean reconocidos, bien de replicar dial<cticamente las
posiciones contrarias en el e#ercicio del indispensable principio de contradicción,
prod!ciendo !n e/ectivo y real menoscabo del derec"o de de/ensa *BC S 8K8DD8, de 5: de
enero,). Por tal ra&ón, Lsolo cabe otorgar relevancia constit!cional a a!<lla !e res!lta
e/ectiva, de tal /orma !e no toda in/racción o irreg!laridad procesal cometida por los
órganos #!diciales provoca, en todos los casos, la eliminación o dismin!ción material de los
derec"os !e corresponden a las partes en el procesoM *BC SS 9>K5CAC, de 5: de /ebreroI
>8K5CAC, de 88 de /ebrero, y C5K8DDD, de 9D de mar&o)...M.
P() '(6( 7..(< )7*&.', ?&7 +,), ?&7 *7, +)(37678'7 ., 673.,),39=8 67 8&.96,6 67 ,3'&,39(87*
B&6939,.7* 7* +)739*, ., 3(83&))7839, 3(8B&8', 67 &8 'rip#" r":(i!i'< 3(4( *7 3(83)7', 78L
,/ L, 7F9*'7839, 67 &8, 98@),339=8 +)(37*,. *&*',839,.< 7*'( 7*< 67 &8, (49*9=8 '(',. >
,A*(.&', 67 .,* 8()4,* 7*7839,.7* 67. +)(37694978'(< +() .( ?&7< T, *78*& 3(8'),)9(T< 8(
3&,.?&97) 98@),339=8 67 .,* 8()4,* +)(3769478',.7* +(6)5 67'7)498,) ., 8&.96,6 67 .,*
,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7*M
A/ E8 *7:&86( 'D)498(< ?&7< 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, 69)73', 67 ',. 98@),339=8 +)(37*,.< *7 C,>,
+)(6&396( 7@73'9;, 9867@78*9=8. A 7*'(* 7@73'(* C, *7-,.,6( 7. T)9A&8,. C(8*'9'&39(8,. ?&7 .,
9867@78*9=8 )7.7;,8'7 67'7)498,8'7 67 ., 8&.96,6 67 ,3'&,39(87* 8( '9787 .&:,) *974+)7 ?&7
*7 ;&.87)78 3&,.7*?&97), 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*< *98( *(.( 3&,86( 3(8 7*, ;&.87),39=8 *7
,+,)7B,8 3(8*73&7839,* +)53'93,* 3(8*9*'78'7* 78 ., +)9;,39=8 67. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 78 &8
+7)B&939( )7,. > 7@73'9;( 67 .(* 98'7)7*7* 67. ,@73',6( +() 7..,. P() ',8'(< 693C, 9867@78*9=8 7*
,.:( 69;7)*( 67 ., 9867@78*9=8 47),478'7 +)(37*,.< > 67A7 ,.3,8G,) &8, *9:89@93,39=8
4,'7)9,.< +)(6&39786( (n$ #"!i0n "+"c'i,$ "n "# %"r"c& +(n%$/"n'$# %" %"+"n!$ 78 7.
201
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,)'E3&.( 24 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8< )7?&9)9D86(*7< ,6745*< ?&7 ',. 9867@78*9=8 8( C, 67 C,..,) *&
4('9;( 78 ., +)(+9, +(*'&), +)(37*,. 67 ?&978 ,.7:, C,A7)., *&@)96(.
E8 3(8*73&7839,< ., in%"+"n!i0n r"#",$n'" 3(4+()', ., 98')(6&339=8 67 @,3'()7* 69@7)78'7*
67. 47)( )7*+7'( 67 .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7*< 3(8*9*'9786( *&*',839,.478'7 78 ., +)(C9A939=8
67. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > "n (n p"r)(ici r"$# * "+"c'i, %" #! in'"r"!"! %"# $+"c'$% pr
#$ %"ci!i0n )(%ici$# AC(), A978< 7*, .949',39=8 67 .(* 4769(* 67 67@78*, C, 67 *7) +)(6&396,
+() &8, 9867A96, ,3'&,39=8 67. =):,8( B&6939,. C,A9D86(*7 *7-,.,6( ',4A9D8 ?&7 8( +&767
98;(3,)*7 9867@78*9=8 3&,86( ., ),G=8 67 ., 49*4, *7 67A7 67 4,87), )7.7;,8'7 , .,
98,3'9;96,6 ( 87:.9:7839,< +() @,.', 67 ., 69.9:7839, +)(37*,. 7F9:9A.7< 67. .7*9(8,6( ( *7
:787), +() ., ;(.&8',)9, ,3'&,39=8 67*,37)',6,< 7?&E;(3, ( 7))=87, 67 693C, +,)'7< 69.9:7839,
?&7 *7 )7@97)7 8( *(.( , ., +7)*(8,. 67. )73&))78'7< *98( ',4A9D8 , ., 67 *& )7+)7*78',39=8
+)(37*,.< +() .( ?&7 .,* 7;78'&,.7* .7*9(87* )7*&.',8'7* 67 .,* )7.,39(87* 78')7 7. B&*'939,A.7 >
*& )7+)7*78',39=8 +)(37*,. 8( *(8 ,4+,),A.7* 3(8*'9'&39(8,.478'7 > 7..( +() ., ),G=8 67 ?&7
8( *(8 ,')9A&9A.7* , &8 +(67) +KA.93(M 67'7)498,86(< +() *& +,)'7. N( +)(3767 ,3()6,) .,
8&.96,6 67 ,3'&,39(87* 3&,86( ., +D)696, 67. 67)73C( , )73&))9) 8( 7* 94+&',A.7 ,. =):,8(
B&6939,. > ., ,8&.,39=8 +)9;, , ., 3(8'),+,)'7 67 *& 67)73C( , ., +.78, 7@73'9;96,6 67 .,
)7*(.&39=8 @9)47M >
3/ 198,.478'7< ?&7 ., 8&.96,6 67 ,3'&,39(87* !" &$.$ ,$#"r< 78 '(6( 3,*(< , '),;D* 67 .(*
)73&)*(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7>< 3(83)7',478'7 67 .(* 67 )7+(*939=8 > ,+7.,39=8< *9 C&A97)7
7F9*'96( +(*9A9.96,6 67 7..(< ( 67 .(* 6745* 4769(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., .7>.
SECCION =O
EFECTOS
ART5CULO 83C-4 EN CASO DE INTIMIDACIÓN O VIOLENCIA-
3- L! )(7.$%! 'ri1(n$#"! c(*$ $c'($ci0n !" &(1i"r" pr%(ci% cn in'i/i%$ci0n
,i#"nci$; '$n #(". c/ !" ,"$n #i1r"! %" "##$; %"c#$r$r>n n(# '% # pr$c'ic$%
pr/,"r>n #$ +r/$ci0n %" c$(!$ cn'r$ #! c(#p$1#"!; pni"n% #! &"c&! "n
cnci/i"n' %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic-
8- T$/1i<n !" %"c#$r$r>n n(#! #! $c'! %" #$! p$r'"! %" p"r!n$! :(" in'"r,"n.$n
"n "# prc"! !i !" $cr"%i'$ :(" !" pr%()"rn 1$) in'i/i%$ci0n ,i#"nci$- L$
n(#i%$% %" "!'! $c'! "n'r$D$r> #$ %" '%! #! %"/>! r"#$cin$%! cn <# :("
p(%i"r"n &$1"r!" ,i!' cn%icin$%! in+#(i%! !(!'$nci$#/"n'" pr "# $c' n(#-
Co)etario*
E*'7 7* &8 4('9;( 67 8&.96,6 67 +.78( 67)73C(< +7)( *&4,478'7 3(4+.93,6( 67 ,8,.9G,).
C&,86( 7F9*'7 ., *7:&86, 67 .,* 78&839,6,*< ( *7, ., ;9(.7839,< 7* 3&,86( 7F9*'7 3&,.?&97)
,3'9;96,6 @E*93, ( 4,'7)9,. 78 +)(3&), 67 ,8&.,) 78 *& '(',.96,6 ., ;(.&8',6 67. *&B7'( 3(8 .,
98'7839=8 67 ?&7 7*'7 C,:(< '(.7)7< ( *7 ,A*'78:, 78 ., )7,.9G,39=8 67 67'7)498,6( ,3'( (
6739*9=8. N( )7*&.', 67 4,>() 94+()',839, ., @()4, 78 ?&7 *7 C,:, *974+)7 > 3&,86(
6(A.7:&7 , ., +7)*(8, 3(8'), ?&978 *7 69)9:7. R73()6,86( ?&7 .(* 4,:9*'),6(* > B&737* 67A78
7*',) +)7+,),6(* +,), 7*'7 '9+( 67 ,3'(* C,> ?&7 69*'98:&9) ., 3.,*7 67 .7*9=8 78 ?&7 *7 +&76,
202
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
)7+,),)< 78 ('),* +,.,A), ., ;9(.7839, 67A7 *7) 96=87, %9))7*9*'9A.7 ( ,. 478(* :),;7/ ,. @98
+7)*7:&96( 69)73',478'7 ( 3(8 6,-( , '7)37)( > 3(8 98'78*96,6 67 4,87), ',. ?&7 3&>(
)7*&.',6( *7, ., 3(83)739=8 67. 9.E39'(.
O')( ()678 67 967, *7 67A7 '787) 78 3&,8'( , ., 98'9496,39=8< >, ?&7 '9787 &8 '=+93(
+*93(.=:93(< ,B78( , ., ;9(.7839, @E*93,. S& @98,.96,6 7* &8, ,478,G, 67 ',. 8,'&),.7G, ?&7
7;9'7 ., 67A96, 94+,)'939=8 67 B&*'939,. T,4A9D8 +&767 3(8*967),)*7 3(4( ,3'(* )79'7),'9;(*
67 678&839,* > ?&7B,* 67. ,3'&,) 69)7339(8,. 67. J&7G ( 4,:9*'),6( , @98 ?&7 3(8 ., *(.(
94,:78 67. 3,*( ( 67 ., +7)*(8, ?&7 .( 67*,))(.., 3,&*78 67*()678 78 7. 3())73'( 67*,))(..(
67 .,* 967,* 78 7. B&G:,6(). A.:&8,* 6(3')98,*< 7*',A.7378 ?&7 +,), ?&7 7*', @9:&), *7
67*,))(..7 67A78 7F9*'9) 7.7478'(* ),39(8,.7*< @&86,6(*< 9849878'7* > :),;7*.
C(8 .( ,8'7* 7F+&7*'( *7 676&37 @539.478'7 ?&7 78 ., ;9(.7839, 7. 7.7478'( 96=87( +,), *&
67'7)498,39=8 7* ., 3,8'96,6 > +,), ., 98'9496,39=8 7* ., 984987839,.
L, +)('7339=8 67 ., +7)*(8, 67. M,:9*'),6( ( J&7G 7* 94+7),'9;,< ),G=8 +() ., 3&,. 37*,6, .,
3,&*, > 67A96,478'7 ,8&839,6, 7* (A.9:,39=8 67. M989*'7)9( P&A.93( '(4,) .,* ,339(87*
3())7*+(86978'7* 78 3&,8'( , .(* 3,&*,8'7* 67. 6,-(
ART5CULO 83E-4 CONSERVACIÓN DE LOS ACTOS-
3- L$ n(#i%$% %" (n $c' prc"!$# n i/p#ic$r> #$ %" #! $c'! !(c"!i,! :(" +("r"n
in%"p"n%i"n'"! %" $:(<#; ni '$/pc #$ %" #! :(" n $#'"r$r2$n !( cn'"ni%
$(n:(" "# $c' !" %"c#$r$!" n(#-
8- C($n% #$ n(#i%$% n $+"c'" $ #$ ''$#i%$% %" (n $c' prc"!$#; !" %"c#$r$r> <!'$
$#c$n7$n% 9nic$/"n'" $ #$ p$r'" %" $:("# :(" "!'(,i"r" $+"c'$%$ pr #$ /i!/$-
Co)etario*
C(4( >, *7 C, 7F+.93,6( 7FC,&*'9;,478'7 ., 8&.96,6 *(.( *7 (A'786)5 67 ,?&7..(* ,3'(* ?&7
@&7)(8 ;939,6(* +() ., 49*4,< 8( ,*E 67 .,* ('),* ,3'&,39(87* >, *7,8 ,8'7)9()7* ( +(*'7)9()7*
,. ,3'( 8( 98@.&>,8 78 7. 67A96( +)(37*( > , (A'787) &8, *78'7839, 3(8@()47 , 67)73C(.
CAP5TULO VIII
COSTAS
ART5CULO 83F-4 PARTIDAS JUE INTEGRAN LAS COSTAS-
3- S$#, :(" !" .c" %"# 1"n"+ici %" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$ .r$'(i'$; c$%$ p$r'" p$.$r>
#! .$!'! * c!'$! %"# prc"! c$(!$%! cn+r/" $ "!'" C0%i. * $ # %i!p("!' "n
"# crr"!pn%i"n'" Ar$nc"#-
8- S" cn!i%"r$r>n c!'$! #$! p$r'i%$! "cn0/ic$! !i.(i"n'"!:
$) Hnr$ri! %" #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& pr #$ %"+"n!$ * r"pr"!"n'$ci0n
'<cnic$ r"$#i7$%$! c($n% !( p$r'icip$ci0n !"$ #".$#/"n'" 1#i.$'ri$-
203
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
1) G$!'! %" '"!'i.!; .$!'! %" %"r"c&!; &nr$ri! %" p"ri'! * %"/>! $1n!
:(" '"n.$n :(" r"$#i7$r!" $ p"r!n$! :(" &$*$n in'"r,"ni% "n "# prc"!-
c) In!"rci0n %" $n(nci! "%ic'! :(" %" +r/$ 1#i.$%$ %"1$n p(1#ic$r!" "n "#
c(r! %"# prc"!-
%) Cpi$!; c"r'i+ic$cin"!; n'$!; '"!'i/ni! * %c(/"n'! $n>#.! :(" &$*$n %"
!#ici'$r!" cn+r/" $ #$ #"*; !$#, #! :(" !" r"c#$/"n pr "# 'ri1(n$# $ r".i!'r! *
pr'c#! p91#ic!-
") D"r"c&! $r$nc"#$ri! :(" %"1$n $1n$r!" c/ cn!"c("nci$ %" $c'($cin"!
n"c"!$ri$! p$r$ "# %"!$rr## %"# prc"!-
=- L! '"!'i.! * p"ri'! p%r>n r"c#$/$r "# p$. r""/1#! %" #! cnc"p'!
"!'$1#"ci%! "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir; %" #$ p$r'" p$r'"! :(" %"1$n !$'i!+$c"r#! !in
"!p"r$r $ :(" "# prc"! +in$#ic" * cn in%"p"n%"nci$ %"# ","n'($#
prn(nci$/i"n' !1r" c!'$! :(" "n <!'" r"c$i.$-
Co)etario*
L, 3(8678, 78 3(*',* 7* &8, 3(8678, ,337*()9,. S9786( 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*( ., +)7'78*9=8
?&7 *7 C,37 ;,.7) 78 ., 674,86,< 7. 69*+(*9'9;( 67 ., *78'7839, C, 67 3())7*+(867)*7 3(8
,?&7..,< 3&,.?&97), ?&7 *7, *& 8,'&),.7G,< > ,3(:7)., ( )73C,G,).,< *7:K8 )7*&.'7 @&86,6, (
98@&86,6, ., +)7'78*9=8.
P7)( *9 A978 D*', 7* ., @&839=8 +)(+9, 67 ., *78'7839,< ., .7> +)(37*,. ()678, ,. J&7G 3(8678,)
,. +,:( 67 .,* 3(*',* , ., +,)'7 '(',.478'7 ;78396,< 3)7,86( ,*E ., ,337*()976,6 67 ., 3(8678,
78 3(*',*< +() ., )7.,39=8 67 4769( , @98 78 ?&7 .,* 3(*',* *7 783&78'),8 3(8 ., +)7'78*9=8
)73(8(396, 78 ., *78'7839,. E* 67 8,'&),.7G, +)(+9,478'7 +)(37*,. ., 8()4, ?&7 7*',A.737
3(4( 67*'98,',)9( 69)73'( 67 7*',* (A.9:,39(87* ,. B&7G< , ?&978 ., 49*4, 94+(87
67'7)498,6, 3(86&3', %., 3(8678, 78 3(*',*/M ., ]*78'7839, 67. B&7G )7@7)78'7 , .,* 3(*',*
7* 7*7839,.478'7 3(8*'9'&'9;,< +() ?&7 7.., 8,37 ., (A.9:,39=8 3(83)7', 67. ;78396( 67 +,:,)
.,* 3(*',*M 67 6(867 8( +&767 3(837A9)*7 &8, 3(8678, 94+.E39',< 8( +)(8&839,6,
7F+)7*,478'7 78 ., *78'7839,< > ., @,.', 67 &8 +)(8&839,4978'( 78 '()8( , .,* 3(*',*<
3(8*'9'&>7 &8, .,:&8, 67 ., *78'7839,< 7*'( 7*< &8 ;939( 78 @& @()4,39=8. E8 7. K.'94( 3,+E'&.(
67. L9A)( P)947)( 67. CPC< 783(8'),4(* ., +,)'7 )7:&.,6(), 67. )7*,)394978'( 67 :,*'(* >
+,:( 67 C(8(),)9(*M 47B() 3(8(396,* 3(4( H3(*',* 67. +)(37*(I.
P,), 7. 7*'&69( 67 7*', @9:&),< +(674(* 3(478G,) )73(8(39786( ')7* '9+(* 67 3(8'7896(* ?&7
*7 983.&>78 A,B( 7*'7 3(837+'(L
1. A?&7..(* ?&7 ;,8 783,498,6(* , ., *,'9*@,339=8 73(8=493, +() 7. *7);939(
+)(@7*9(8,. )7,.9G,6(< ',4A9D8 3(8(396( 3(4( H3(*',* +7)*(8,.7*I.
2. A?&7..(* ?&7 ;,8 783,498,6(* , ., )7*'9'&39=8 67 .(* 3(*'(* (3,*9(8,6(* +,), 7.
3&4+.94978'( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* +)(37*,.7*< ',4A9D8 3(8(396( 3(4( H3(*',*
+)(37*,.7*I.
204
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3. A?&7..(* ?&7 ;,8 783,498,6(* , ., )7*'9'&39=8 67 :,*'(* 8737*,)9(* +,), +)(A,) .,*
+)7'78*9(87* ,6&396,*< 3(8(396,* ',4A9D8 3(4( )7*,)394978'( 67 :,*'(*.
L,* 4&.',* 8( *7 983.&>78 3(4( 3(*',*< +&7* 7*',* *(8 *,839(87* 94+&7*',* ,. .9'9:,8'7< +()
*& 3(86&3', 94+)(+9, ,8'7 7. T)9A&8,. > *& 3(8'),+,)'7.
P,), 98'7)+)7',) > ,+.93,) ,673&,6,478'7 7*'7 +)737+'( 7* +)739*( )7,.9G,) .,* *9:&978'7*
3(8*967),39(87*L
• L(* C(8(),)9(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* 3())7*+(8678 , .(* AA(:,6(* ,3'&,8'7* 78 .,*
69@7)78'7* ,3'&,39(87* +)(37*,.7*< *7, 3(4( +7'939(8,)9( ( 3(4( 67@78*() 67 &8,
+)7'78*9=8. L(* +()378',B7* 3())7*+(86978'7* , 7*'7 )78:.=8 *7 .949',),8 78 478()
3&,8'E, , .( 7*',A.7396( 78 7. A),837. P)(@7*9(8,. 7F9*'78'7 > ;9:78'7 78 *& 4(478'(.
• C(4( :,*'(* *7 983.&>78 '(6(* ,?&7..(* 67*74A(.*,6(* 8737*,)9(* > 7*+7),6(* ?&7
)73,7)58 67*67 7. +)9839+9( 67. +)(37*( C,*', *& @98,.9G,39=8 4769,8'7 *78'7839,< *7,
7*', 673.,),'9;, ( 67 3,)53'7) 7B73&'()9(.
• E* 8737*,)9( ?&7 .(* :,*'(* 67. +)(37*( 49*4(* *7 ,+7:&78 , .(* 3(*'(*
3(8*&7'&698,)9(* > ,),837.,)9(* +)7;9,478'7 7*',A.7396(*< , @98 67 ?&7 7. 49*4(
+&76, *7) &'9.9G,6( 67 4,87), ?&7 94+.9?&7 &8, 7.7;,39=8 98B&*'9@93,6, > 4,.939(*,
78 7. +,:( 67 ,?&7. ?&7 *7, 3(8678,6( ,. )73(8(394978'( 67 .,* 3(*',*.
E*', (A.9:,39=8 B&)E693, *7 ;7 3(4( '(6, )7:., ,+7:,6, , &8, 7F37+39=8< 3&,. 7* 3&,86( .,
+,)'7 (A.9:,6, ,. +,:( :(37 7. A787@939( 67 ,*9*'7839, B&)E693, :),'&9',. E*', 69*+(*939=8 7*
+() 6745* 3(8@.93'9;, +&7* 3(4( A978 .( 67'7)498, *& 8(4A)7 ., 7F(87),39=8 7* 78 3&,8'( ,.
+)947) )78:.=8 7*'&69,6(< ( *7, .,* 3(*',* +7)*(8,.7*< 4,* 3,74(* 78 ., 9837)'96&4A)7 67
?&978 7*', ..,4,6( +,), 3&A)9) .(* 6(* )78:.(87* )7*',8'7*.
C(4+)78674(* ?&7 ., B&*'939, 7* H:),'&9',I +,), '(6( 39&6,6,8(< > 3())7*+(867 ,. E*',6(
;7.,) +() 7. 67A96( 3&4+.94978'( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* ?&7 3(8@()4,8 7. 4(6&.( +)947)( 67
7*'&69( 67. +)7*78'7 3=69:(. R,G=8 +() ., 3&,. ., *(.&39=8 ,. 3(8@.93'( +.,8'7,6( *7 +&697),
*(.&39(8,) A,B( &8 7*?&74, 67 3(.,A(),39=8 *(39,.< ?&7 ?&9G5 78')7 78 7. 3,4+( 67 .(
&'=+93(< +7)( ,>&6,)E, , @()4,) &8, *(3976,6 )7,.478'7 3(8 967,* 3(.73'9;,*< > 7*'( ),693, 78
?&7 .(* 3(.7:9(* +)(@7*9(8,.7*< 3((+7),'9;,*< 74+)7*, +)9;,6,< *73'() :(A97)8(< ,*9:878
4974A)(* 3,+,37* > *&@93978'7* +,), ?&7 )7,.9378 ',.7* 69.9:7839,*< A,B( 7. K893( 98378'9;( 67
*7);9) ,. +,E*< ',. 3(4( *7 7*',A.737 78 7. 4(6&.( 3(837)8978'7 , ., +)&7A,.
E8 :787),. > +,), .(:),) &8, +.78, )7,.9G,39=8 67. P)9839+9( 67 3(4+.7', *,'9*@,339=8 67.
7B73&',8'7 %A)'E3&.( 743 CPC/< ., 4,>()E, 67 .(* :,*'(* ?&7 78'),8 78 7*'7 3(837+'( 67
3(*',*< *7 783&78'),8 +)7;9*'(* 78 .7>7* 7*+739,.7* )7.,'9;,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7*< ,*EL
,/ H(8(),)9(* 7*',A.7396(* 78 ., L7> 67 A),837. J&6939,..
A/ L(* :,*'(* +() 3(4+&.*, 67 .9A7.(*< A(.7',* 67 39',39=8< 74+.,G,4978'(*< 7FC()'(*<
3,)'7.7* 67 39',39=8< +,)'939+,39(87* 67 47696,* 67 3,&'7.,)7*< 3(+9,* 37)'9@93,6,*< 3,)'7.7*
674,86,8'7< 74+.,G,4978'( +,), ., 3(8'7*',39=8< 7;,3&,39=8 67 +)&7A,* > 8('9@93,39(87*<
98'7);7839=8 67 '7*'9:(*.
3/ H(8(),)9(* 67 4D693(*< 98:7897)(*< 98'D)+)7'7*< 3(8',6()7*< ,:)9478*()7* > (')(* 7F+7)'(*
?&7 C,>,8 +,)'939+,6( 78 7. B&939(.
6/ H(8(),)9(* 67 +7)9'(* 7;,.&,6()7* > ',*,6()7*. H(8(),)9(* 67 67+(*9',)9(* %A)'E3&.(* 32 >
33 L7> 67 D7+=*9'( J&6939,./.
@/ I867489G,39=8 67 '7*'9:(* %A)'E3&.( 4$7 CPC/.
205
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
SECCION 3O
CONDENA EN COSTAS
ART5CULO 83H-4 EN PRIMERA INSTANCIA- PRINCIPIO DEL VENCIMIENTO-
3- En #! prc"!! %"c#$r$'i,!; #$! c!'$! %" #$ pri/"r$ in!'$nci$ !" i/pn%r>n $ #$
p$r'" :(" &$*$ ,i!' r"c&$7$%$! '%$! !(! pr"'"n!in"!-
8- Si +("r" p$rci$# #$ "!'i/$ci0n %"!"!'i/$ci0n %" #$! pr"'"n!in"!; c$%$ p$r'"
$1n$r> #$! c!'$! c$(!$%$! $ !( in!'$nci$ * #$! c/(n"! pr /i'$%-
=- C($n% "# cn%"n$% "n c!'$! !"$ 'i'(#$r %"# %"r"c& %" $!i!'"nci$ )(r2%ic$
.r$'(i'$; <!'" 9nic$/"n'" "!'$r> 1#i.$% $ p$.$r #$! c!'$! c$(!$%$! "n %"+"n!$ %"
#$ p$r'" cn'r$ri$ "n #! c$!! "?pr"!$/"n'" !"D$#$%! pr "# r".#$/"n' %" #$
Cr'" S(pr"/$ %" J(!'ici$ !1r" "!'$ /$'"ri$-
@- En nin.9n c$! !" i/pn%r>n c!'$! $# Mini!'"ri P91#ic "n #! prc"!! "n :("
in'"r,"n.$ c/ p$r'" pr /$n%$' %" #"*-
Co)etario*
E*'7 +)9839+9( 67. ;78394978'( *7 3(8'),7 , ?&7 ., 3(8678, 78 3(*',* *7 94+(87 , ., +,)'7
'(',.478'7 ;78396,. E. ;78394978'( 7* &8, 8(39=8 47),478'7 +)(37*,.< ;983&.,6, , ., *&7)'7
67 ., +)7'78*9=8< ?&7 7* 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 9867+786978'7478'7 67 ., B&*'939, ( 98B&*'939,
67 ., *78'7839,M ( 3(4( 6937 Lent 1 TE. ;78394978'( 3(8*9*'7 +&),478'7 78 ., 69;7)*96,6
@()4,. 78')7 ., 6739*9=8 674,86,6, > ,?&7.., (A'7896,T.
L, )7:., )7?&97)7 ?&7 ., +,)'7 '(',.478'7 ;78396, *7, 3(8678,6, 78 3(*',*M +() .( ?&7 7.
3(837+'( 67 ;78394978'( '(',. 7*'5 )7@7)96( , ., +,)'7< +7)( 8( , 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*
@)78'7 , .,* 3&,.7* *7 +)(8&839, 7. @,..(< *98( , ,?&7.., 3(8'), ., 3&,. *7 693', 7. @,..(. D7
6(867 *7 *9:&7 ?&7 8( *(.,478'7 7. 674,86,6( )7*+73'( 67. 3&,. 7* ,3(:96, ., +)7'78*9=8<
67A7 67 *7) 3(8678,6( 78 3(*',*< *98( ',4A9D8 7. 674,86,8'7 3&>, +)7'78*9=8 C, *96(
)73C,G,6, +() 98@&86,6,M .( ?&7 C, ..7;,6( , C"iovenda , +)739*,) 45* 7. 3(837+'( 67 +,)'7
;78696, 78 4,'7)9, 67 3(*',*< 7F+)7*,86( ?&7 7* T,?&7. 3(8'), 7. 3&,. ., 673.,),39=8 67.
67)73C( *(A)7;9787. D9@7)78'7* '),',69*',* 67 3(8 69*'98',* ;9*9(87*< 3(8*967),8 ?&7 7.
;78394978'( '(',.< +() .( ?&7 )7*+73', ,. 674,86,6(< *&):7 3&,86( ., *78'7839, ,3(:7 '(6(*
> 3,6, &8( 67 .(* +769478'(* @()4&.,6(* 78 7. .9A7.(M > +() .( ?&7 C,37 ,. ,3'()< 3&,86( .,
*78'7839, 67*7*'94, '(6(* > 3,6, &8( 67 7*(* 49*4(* +769478'(*M > ?&7 7F9*'7 ;78394978'(
'(',. 8( 67+7867 67 ., &8,89496,6 67. 3)9'7)9( 67 .(* B&737* ,. 693',) *78'7839,< +&7* 7. @,..(
749'96( +() ., 4,>()E, 7* 7. ?&7 +)(6&37 3(*, B&G:,6,.
S7 ,3(:7 ,*E 78 8&7*')( 67)73C( 7. *9*'74, (AB7'9;( 67 ., 3(8678, 78 3(*',*< @&86,6( 78 7.
C73C( 67. ;78394978'( '(',.< > 8( 7. *9*'74, *&AB7'9;( 67 ., '747)96,6< ?&7 )9:9= 67*67 7.
C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* 67 1$06. E. *9*'74, (AB7'9;( 67. ;78394978'( '(',.<
,3(:96( 78 7. 8&7;( C=69:(< 7F9:7 78 ., +)53'93,< ?&7 7. *78'7839,6() 7F,4987 *9 *7 +)(6&37
78 7. 3,*( 7. ;78394978'( '(',. +&7* *9 7. ;78394978'( 7*+739,. 8( +)(3767)E, ., 94+(*939=8
67 7*'7 +)9839+9(.
206
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 88I-4 EN CASO DE ALLANAMIENTO Y DESISTIMIENTO-
3- Si "# %"/$n%$% !" $##$n$r" $ #$ %"/$n%$ "n #$ cn'"!'$ci0n $n'"! %" #$
$(%i"nci$; n prc"%"r> #$ i/p!ici0n %" c!'$! !$#, :(" "# 'ri1(n$#; r$7n>n%#
%"1i%$/"n'"; $pr"ci" /$#$ +" "n "# %"/$n%$%-
8- S" "n'"n%"r> :("; "?i!'" /$#$ +"; !i $n'"! %" pr"!"n'$%$ #$ %"/$n%$ !" &(1i"!"
+r/(#$% $# %"/$n%$% r":("ri/i"n' +"&$ci"n'" * )(!'i+ic$% %" p$.; !i !"
&(1i"r$ %iri.i% $ <# !#ici'(% %" cnci#i$ci0n-
=- Si "# prc"! '"r/in$r$ pr %"!i!'i/i"n' %"# $c'r; :(" n +("r" cn!"n'i% pr "#
%"/$n%$%; $:(<# !"r> cn%"n$% $ '%$! #$! c!'$!- Si "# %"!i!'i/i"n' :("
p(!i"r" +in $# prc"! +("r" cn!"n'i% pr "# %"/$n%$% %"/$n%$%!; n !"
cn%"n$r> "n c!'$! $ nin.(n %" #! #i'i.$n'"!-
Co)etarioL
C&,86( 7. +)(37*( '7)498, *98 *78'7839, 3(8678,'()9,< 7*+73E@93,478'7 +() ,..,8,4978'( (
67*9*'94978'( %,)'E3&.(* 4"5 > 4"4 CPC/ 8( *7 +)(3767)5 , ., 94+(*939=8 67 3(*',* 78 49),
?&7 7*', 69*+(*939=8 +&76, 78'()+737) ., ,37+',39=8 67 .,* +)7'78*9(87*< 87:(39,39(87* (
3&,.?&97) ('), @()4, 67 +(87) @98 ,. +)(37*( > ..7:,6, &8, +)(8', *,'9*@,339=8 67 .(*
98;(.&3),6(* 78 7. B&939(. I:&,. 3,*( *7)5 *9 *7 ,..,8,)7 +,*,6, ., 3(8'7*',39=8 +7)( ,8'7* 67
6,) 98939( , ., ,&697839, 3())7*+(86978'7.
EF37+39=8 , 7*', )7:., 7* 3&,86( 7. T)9A&8,. ?&7 3(8(37 67 ., 3,&*, 3(8*967)7 ?&7 C,
7F9*'96( 4,., @7 +() +,)'7 67. 674,86,6( %A)'. 220.1 CPC/. I8'7)7*,8'7 )7*&.', 67'7)498,) .,
4,., @7 67. 674,86,6(< +&7*'( ?&7 7*', 98'7)+)7',39=8 7* *&AB7'9;, 4,* ?&7 (AB7'9;, >
3,)78'7 78 ., 4,>()E, 67 .(* 3,*(* 67 7.7478'(* ),G(8,A.7* +,), 67'7)498,) ',. +)(3767)<
+&7* @539. *7)9, 67'7)498,) ,)A9'),)976,6 +() +,)'7 67. T)9A&8,.< 8( (A*',8'7 ,. +)7;9(
),G(8,4978'( 67. +()?&7 ',. 6739*9=8.
E. .7:9*.,6() C, +)7;7896( .( ,))9A, 7F+&7*'( 78 7. ,)'93&.( 220.2 3&,86( 7*',A.737 ?&7 .,
4,., @7 *7 78'7867)5 78 ,?&7..(* 3,*(* *9 7. 674,86,6( C&A97)7 67*,'78696( )7?&7)94978'(*
& ('),* ,339(87* 67 3(A)( ?&7 @7C,3978'7 > B&*'9@93,6,478'7 +() +,)'7 67 *& ,3)776()< ( A978
*7 .7 C&A97)7 ..7:,6( , 98'78',) +() +,)'7 67. 674,86,8'7 ,.:K8 98'78'( )7,. 67 3(839.9,39=8 >
?&7 8( C,>, *96( +(*9A.7 *& (AB7'9;( +() 3,&*,* 94+&',A.7* ,. 674,86,6(.
N&7*')( C=69:( 8( +)739*, ,?&7..(* 3,*(* 78 ?&7 7. T)9A&8,. 3(8*967)7 ?&7 ., 4,., @7
+)(;78:, +() 3(8'&A7)89( 78')7 ,4A,* +,)'7*< *9'&,39=8 ?&7 8( 7* ,B78, , 397)',* 3(*'&4A)7*
+)(37*,.7*.
AC(), 78 ('), ;9*9=8 +)(37*,.< +7)( 678')( 67. 49*4( @78=478( 67 @98,.9G,39=8 67. +)(37*(
*98 *78'7839, 3(8678,'()9,< 8(* 783(8'),4(* 3&,86( 7F9*'7 67*9*'94978'( ,. 3&,. *7 .7 6,)5
9:&,. '),'( 3(4( , .( 69*+&7*'( +,), 7. ,..,8,4978'( 67 A&78, @7. N( (A*',8'7< *9 7*', ,339=8
8( @&7), 3(8*78'96, +() 7. 674,86,6(< *7)5 3(8678,6( ,. +,:( ., +,)'7 674,86,8'7. D7 ,?&E
*7 67*+)7867 ?&7 ,. 8( C,A7) 3(8*78'94978'( +() +,)'7 67. 674,86,6(< (A;9,478'7 +&767
?&7 7. B&939( 3(8'98&D *9 7. J&7G .( 3(8*967), (+()'&8( 4769,8'7 4('9;,39=8 *&@93978'7 %A)'.
4"4.2 CPC/. E8 7*'7 3,*(< ., 8()4, ,8'7)9()478'7 7F+)7*,6, +&767 8( 3&4+.9)*7< >, ?&7 67
207
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(8'98&,) 7. B&939( > '787) +() 8( ;,.96,* .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67. 674,86,8'7< )73,7)5 *(A)7 .,
+,)'7 ;78396, 7. )73(8(394978'( 67 .,* 49*4,*< ',. 3(4( .( 7*',A.737 7. P)9839+9( 67.
V78394978'(.
ART5CULO 883-4 EN CASO DE RECURSOS-
C($n% !"$n %"!"!'i/$%$! '%$! #$! pr"'"n!in"! %" (n r"c(r! %" $p"#$ci0n
"?'r$r%in$ri %" c$!$ci0n; !" $p#ic$r>; "n c($n' $ #$! c!'$! %"# r"c(r!; # %i!p("!'
"n "!'" C0%i. "n c($n' $# principi %"# ,"nci/i"n'-
Co)etario*
C,&*,), 3(*',* 78 *7:&86, 98*',839, 3&,86( *7,8 67*7*'94,6,* '(6,* .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67 &8
)73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 ( 7F'),()698,)9( 67 3,*,39=8< *7 ,+.93,)5< 78 3&,8'( , .,* 3(*',* 67.
)73&)*(< .( 69*+&7*'( 78 7*'7 C=69:( 78 3&,8'( ,. +)9839+9( 67. ;78394978'(< 7. 3&,. *7
783&78'), 67A96,478'7 7F+)7*,6( 78 7. +)7*78'7 4,8&,..
SECCION 8O
TASACION E IMPUGNACION
ART5CULO 888-4 SOLICITUD DE TASACIÓN DE COSTAS-
3- C($n% &(1i"r" cn%"n$ "n c!'$!; #(". :(" !"$ +ir/"; !" prc"%"r> $ #$ "?$cci0n
%" #$! /i!/$! pr "# prc"%i/i"n' %" $pr"/i; pr",i$ !( '$!$ci0n; !i #$ p$r'"
cn%"n$%$ n #$! &(1i"r" !$'i!+"c&-
8- L$ p$r'" :(" pi%$ #$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$! pr"!"n'$r> cn #$ !#ici'(% #! )(!'i+ic$n'"!
%" &$1"r !$'i!+"c& #$! c$n'i%$%"! c(* r""/1#! r"c#$/"-
=- Un$ ,"7 +ir/" #$ !"n'"nci$ :(" pn.$ +in $# )(ici "n :(" !" &(1i"!" i/p("!' #$
cn%"n$; #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c&; p"ri'!; '"!'i.! * %"/>! p"r!n$! :("
&$*$n p%i% in'"r,"nir "n "# )(ici * :(" '"n.$n $#.9n cr<%i' cn'r$ #$! p$r'"!
:(" %"1$ !"r inc#(i% "n #$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$!; p%r>n pr"!"n'$r "n #$ !"cr"'$r2$ %"#
'ri1(n$# (n$ /in('$ %"'$##$%$ %" !(! %"r"c&! ( &nr$ri! "n !( c$! * (n$
c("n'$ %"'$##$%$ * )(!'i+ic$%$ %" #! .$!'! :(" &(1i"r"n !(p#i%-
@- L$ +i)$ci0n %" &nr$ri! * .$!'! "!'$r> !()"'$; "n !( c$!; $ #$! nr/$!
r".(#$%r$! $# r"!p"c' :(" $+"c'$n $ #! pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& * $ #! p"ri'!
:(" &$*$n in'"r,"ni% "n "# prc"!-
ART5CULO 88=-4 COMPETENCIA-
20"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- En '% 'ip %" prc"!! " in!'$nci$!; #$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$! !" pr$c'ic$r> pr "#
!"cr"'$ri %"# )(7.$% 'ri1(n$# :(" &(1i"r$ cnci% %"# prc"! r"c(r!;
!()"'>n%!" $ #$! %i!p!icin"! %" "!'" C0%i.-
8- N !" inc#(ir>n "n #$ '$!$ci0n #! %"r"c&! crr"!pn%i"n'"! $ "!cri'! *
$c'($cin"! :(" !"$n in9'i#"!; !(p"r+#($! n $('ri7$%$! pr #$ #"*; ni #$! p$r'i%$!
%" #$! /in('$! :(" n !" "?pr"!"n %"'$##$%$/"n'" :(" !" r"+i"r$n $ &nr$ri!
:(" n !" &$*$n %","n.$% "n "# p#"i'-
=- T$/pc !" inc#(ir>n "n #$ '$!$ci0n #$! c!'$! %" $c'($cin"! inci%"n'"! "n :("
&(1i"!" !i% cn%"n$%$ "?pr"!$/"n'" #$ p$r'" +$,r"ci%$ pr "# prn(nci$/i"n'
!1r" c!'$! "n "# $!(n' princip$#-
ART5CULO 88@-4 PROCEDIMIENTO-
3- Pr$c'ic$%$ pr "# !"cr"'$ri #$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$! !" %$r> ,i!'$ %" "##$ $ #$! p$r'"!
pr p#$7 c/9n %" cinc KB) %2$!-
8- Un$ ,"7 ",$c($%$ #$ ,i!'$; n !" $%/i'ir> #$ inc#(!i0n $%ici0n %" p$r'i%$ $#.(n$;
r"!"r,$n% $# in'"r"!$% !( %"r"c& p$r$ r"c#$/$r#$ %" :(i"n * c/ crr"!pn%$-
=- E# J("7 Tri1(n$# p%r> r"%(cir "# i/pr'" %" #! &nr$ri! %" #! pr+"!in$#"!
%"# %"r"c& * p"ri'! :(" &$*$n in'"r,"ni%; c($n% #! r"c#$/$%! "?c"%$n %"#
#i/i'" +i)$% "n "# Ar$nc"# %"# Pr+"!in$# %"# D"r"c&-
ART5CULO 88B-4 IMPUGNACIÓN DE LA TASACIÓN DE COSTAS-
3- L$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$! p%r> !"r i/p(.n$%$ %"n'r %"# p#$7 $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "#
n(/"r$# 3 %"# $r'2c(# $n'"rir; * p%r> 1$!$r!" "n :(" !" &$n inc#(i% "n #$
'$!$ci0n; p$r'i%$!; %"r"c&! .$!'! in%"1i%!- En c($n' $ #! &nr$ri! %" #!
pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c& * p"ri'!; '$/1i<n p%r> i/p(.n$r!" #$ '$!$ci0n
$#".$n% :(" "# i/pr'" %" %ic&! &nr$ri! "! "?c"!i,-
8- L$ p$r'" +$,r"ci%$ pr #$ cn%"n$ "n c!'$! p%r> i/p(.n$r #$ '$!$ci0n pr n
&$1"r!" inc#(i% "n $:(<##! .$!'! %"1i%$/"n'" )(!'i+ic$%! * r"c#$/$%!-
T$/1i<n p%r> +(n%$r !( r"c#$/$ci0n "n n &$1"r!" inc#(i% #$ ''$#i%$% %" #$
/in('$ %" &nr$ri! %"# pr+"!in$# %"# %"r"c& %"# p"ri' :(" &(1i"!" $c'($%
"n "# prc"! $ !( in!'$nci$-
=- En "# "!cri' %" i/p(.n$ci0n &$1r>n %" /"ncin$r!" #$! c("n'$! /in('$! * #$!
p$r'i%$! cncr"'$! $ :(" !" r"+i"r$ #$ %i!cr"p$nci$ * #$! r$7n"! %" <!'$- D" n
"+"c'($r!" %ic&$ /"nci0n; n !" $%/i'ir> #$ i/p(.n$ci0n $ 'r>/i'"-
ART5CULO 88C-4 TRAMITACIÓN-
20$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3- Si #$ '$!$ci0n !" i/p(.n$r$ pr cn!i%"r$r "?c"!i,! #! &nr$ri! %" #!
pr+"!in$#"! %"# %"r"c&; !" ir> "n "# p#$7 %" cinc KB) %2$! $ <!'" *; !i n
$c"p'$r$ #$ r"%(cci0n %" &nr$ri! :(" !" #" r"c#$/"; !" p$!$r> '"!'i/ni %" #!
"?p"%i"n'"! %" #$ p$r'" %" "##! :(" r"!(#'" n"c"!$ri$; $# C#".i %" A1.$%!
p$r$ :(" "/i'$ in+r/" %"n'r %"# p#$7 %" %i"7 K3I) %2$!-
8- L "!'$1#"ci% "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir !" $p#ic$r> i.($#/"n'" r"!p"c' %" #$
i/p(.n$ci0n %" &nr$ri! %" p"ri'!; pi%i<n%!" "n "!'" c$! "# %ic'$/"n %"#
c#".i; $!ci$ci0n crpr$ci0n pr+"!in$# $ :(" p"r'"n"7c$n-
Co)etario*
L, ',*,39=8 3(8*9*'7 78 ., .9?&96,39=8 67 .,* 49*4,*< 78 ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 ., 3,8'96,6
7F,3', ?&7 7. ;78396( ( 3(8678,6( C, 67 +,:,) , ., ('), +,)'7. E*', *(.( '9787 .&:,) 3&,86( 7.
3(8678,6( 8( .,* C&A97)7 *,'9*@73C( ;(.&8',)9,478'7 > 3(4( *7 7*',A.737 .7 3())7*+(867 *&
;7)9@93,39=8 ,. *73)7',)9( B&6939,.< 67A9786( 983.&9) '(6,* .,* +,)'96,* ?&7 )73(8(37 7*', .7>.
U8, ;7G C73C,* +() 7. *73)7',)9( B&6939,. 8( *7 ,649'78 ,6939(87* ( 4(69@93,39(87* , .,*
49*4,*< 3(8 ., 7F37+39=8 ?&7 ., 4(69@93,39=8 *7, @,;(),A.7 , ., +,)'7 3(8678,6, ,. +,:( 67
.,* 49*4,*.
S7 6, ;9*', , .,* +,)'7* +() 7. 'D)498( 67 3983( 6E,* 3(4&87* , .,* +,)'7* +,), ?&7 +&76,
7F+)7*,) *& ,+)(A,39=8 ( 8(< >, *7, 67 @()4, 7F+)7*, ( ',39',. N&83, *7 3(8*967),),
983(8@()496,6 3&,86( 8( *7 7F+)7*7 +() 7*3)9'(. L, 94+&:8,39=8 +&767 A,*,)*7 +() :,*'(* (
+,)'96,* 9867A96,*< >, *7, +() 8( C,A7) *96( 3(*'7,6,* ( A978 +() 7F37*9;,*< ',4A9D8 3&,86(
*7 C,>, ,4()'9G,6( &8, +,)'7 67. '(',. 67 .,* 49*4,*. T,4A9D8 7. @,;()7396( 78 ., 3(8678,
+&767 94+&:8,).,* +() 7F3.&*9=8 67 :,*'(* :),;7* ,3)769',6(* 78 *& 498&',.
L, '),49',39=8 *9:&7 +)(37694978'( 69@7)78'7 *7:K8 *7 '),'7< +() &8, +,)'7 67 :,*'(*< +,)'96,*
( 67)73C(*< >, *7, ?&7 *7 C&A97)78 7F3.&96(* ( 983.&96(* 9867A96,478'7 (< +() ('),< 67
C(8(),)9(* 7F37*9;(*. P,) 7. +)947) 3,*(< ., '),49',39=8 3(8*9*'7 78 &8 9839678'7 ?&7 *9:&7 7.
+)(37694978'( +)7;9*'( +,), .(* B&939(* ,A)7;9,6(*. C&,86( ., 94+&:8,39=8 *7 A,*7 78
C(8(),)9(* 7F37*9;(* 67 ,A(:,6(* ( +7)9'(*< 7* +)739*( +769) (+989=8 ,. C(.7:9( 67 AA(:,6(*
67 H(86&),* ( 78 *& 3,*( ,. C(.7:9( +)(@7*9(8,. ,. 3&,. +7)'787G3, 7. +7)9'(. I4+()',8'7 7*
*7-,.,) ?&7 +)(3767 ., '),49',39=8 67 ., 94+&:8,39=8 +() C(8(),)9(* 9867A96(* > 7F37*9;(*
3(8B&8',478'7. S7:K8 .( ,3'&,6(< 7. *73)7',)9( B&6939,. 4,8'786)5 ( 98')(6&39)5
4(69@93,39(87* 78 ., ',*,39=8< )749'9D86(.,* ,. ')9A&8,. +,), ?&7 )7*&7.;, 4769,8'7 ,&'( *&
+)(8&839,4978'( ,. 3(8@.93'(. E*'7 ,&'( 8( 7* ,+7.,A.7
ART5CULO 88E-4 DECISIÓN DE LA IMPUGNACIÓN-
3- E# !"cr"'$ri; $ #$ ,i!'$ %" # $c'($% * %" #! %ic'>/"n"! "/i'i%!; /$n'"n%r> #$
'$!$ci0n r"$#i7$%$ ; "n !( c$!; in'r%(cir> #$! /%i+ic$cin"! :(" %"1$n &$c"r!";
210
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
r"/i'i<n%!"#$ $# 'ri1(n$# p$r$ :(" <!'" r"!("#,$; /"%i$n'" $('; # :(" prc"%$
!in (#'"rir r"c(r!-
8- Si #$ i/p(.n$ci0n +("r" ''$#/"n'" %"!"!'i/$%$; !" i/pn%r>n #$! c!'$! %"#
inci%"n'" $# i/p(.n$n'"- Si +("r" ''$#/"n'" "!'i/$%$; !" i/pn%r>n $# pr+"!in$#
%"# %"r"c& p"ri' c(*! &nr$ri! !" &(1i"r$n cn!i%"r$% "?c"!i,!-
=- C($n% !"$ i/p(.n$%$ #$ '$!$ci0n pr &$1"r!" inc#(i% "n "##$ p$r'i%$! %"
%"r"c&! ( &nr$ri! in%"1i%!; pr n &$1"r!" inc#(i% "n $:(<##$ .$!'!
%"1i%$/"n'" )(!'i+ic$%! * r"c#$/$%!; !" cn,c$r> $ #$! p$r'"! $ (n$ $(%i"nci$;
cn'in($n% #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %"# inci%"n'" cn $rr".# $ # %i!p("!' p$r$ "# )(ici
$1r",i$%-
@- C($n% !" $#".(" :(" $#.(n$ p$r'i%$ %" &nr$ri! %" #! pr+"!in$#"! %"#
%"r"c& p"ri'! inc#(i%$ "n #$ '$!$ci0n %" c!'$! "! in%"1i%$ * :("; "n c$! %" n
!"r#; !"r2$ "?c"!i,$; !" 'r$/i'$r>n $/1$! i/p(.n$cin"! !i/(#'>n"$/"n'"; cn
$rr".# $ # pr","ni% p$r$ c$%$ (n$ %" "##$! "n #! n(/"r$#"! $n'"rir"!; p"r #$
r"!#(ci0n !1r" !i #! &nr$ri! !n "?c"!i,! :("%$r> "n !(!p"n! &$!'$ :(" !"
%"ci%$ !1r" !i #$ p$r'i%$ i/p(.n$%$ "! n %"1i%$-
Co)etario*
C(4( C74(* ;9*'(< &8( 67 .(* +)(8&839,4978'(* ?&7 +&767 3(8'787) .,* )7*(.&39(87* 67
8&7*')(* T)9A&8,.7* 7* ., 3(8678, 78 3(*',* , &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7* 78 ,+.93,39=8 67
+)737+'(* 3(4( 7. A)'. 200.2.B CPC & (')(* 67 96D8'93( '78().
E8 7*'(* 3,*(* *7)5 3,6, ;7G 45* @)73&78'7 ?&7 7. ;78396( 78 B&939( > 3(8678,6( 78 3(*',*
8( 4&7*')7 69*+(*939=8 ,.:&8, 78 7. +,:( 67 .,* 49*4,* &8, ;7G @9)47 ., )7*(.&39=8 > 78
+7)9(6(< +(6)E,4(* ..,4,)< ;(.&8',)9(. E* +() 7..( ?&7 ,8'7 ., +,*9;96,6 67. 67&6()< ., +,)'7
;78376(), 78 B&939( > ,3)776(), 78')7 (')(* 7F')74(* 67 .,* 3(*',*< *7 ;7)5 @()G,6, , 98939,)
7. 3())7*+(86978'7 +)(37694978'( 67 ',*,39=8 67 3(*',*< )7:&.,6( 78 .(* ,)'E3&.(* 222 >
*9:&978'7* 67. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.. L, ',*,39=8 67A7)5 +),3'93,)*7 &8, ;7G @9)47 .,
)7*(.&39=8 ?&7 3(86787 ,. +,:( 67 .,* 3(*',* +)(37*,.7* %A)'. 222.1 CPC./. E8 ()678 , .,
3())73', ,+.93,39=8 67. +)(37694978'( 67 ',*,39=8 67 3(*',* 7* +)739*( )7,.9G,) .,* *9:&978'7*
3(8*967),39(87*L
1. E8'7867)74(* +() 3(*',* +)(37*,.7* 78 3&,8'( , 98'7);7839=8 67. P)(3&),6() 498&',8'7 .,*
?&7 C,>,8 *96( 67;78:,6,* C,*', ., @73C, 78 ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&7 ., ',*,39=8< 8( 983.&>D86(*7
los derec"os correspondientes a escritos, diligencias y dem%s act!aciones !e sean in(tiles,
s!per/l!as o no a!tori&adas por la Ley, ni las partidas de las min!tas !e no se e2presen
detalladamente o !e se re/ieran a "onorarios !e no se "ayan devengado en el pleito %A)'.
223.2 CPC/.
2. C(8;9787 ,6;7)'9) ?&7 7. ,3)776() 67 .,* 3(*',* +)(37*,.7* 8( 7* 7. +)(@7*9(8,. ?&7
+)7*78', .,* 498&',*< *98( ?&7 .( 7* ., +,)'7 ;78376(), 78 B&939(< 7* 6739)< 7. 3.978'7 ?&7
')9&8@, 78 *& +)7'78*9=8 67 )7*,)39)*7 67 .(* :,*'(*.
211
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3. E8 3&,8'( , *& +)53'93,< 7. P)(3&),6() +)7*78',)5 &8 7*3)9'( %*(.939'&6/ ,8'7 7. J&G:,6( (
T)9A&8,. ?&7 C,>, 693',6( ., )7*(.&39=8 7F+)7*9;, 67 ., 3(8678, 78 3(*',* %A)'. 222.2 CPC/
78 7. 3&,. *(.939',)5 ., +)53'93, 67 ., ',*,39=8 +() 7. S73)7',)9( J&6939,.< ,. ?&7 ,3(4+,-,)5 .,
498&', 67',..,6, > @9)4,6, 67. L7'),6( 98'7);98978'7 78 .,* ,3'&,39(87* *98 +7)B&939( 67 ., 67
.(* P7)9'(* > 6745* @&839(8,)9(* 8( *&B7'(* , ,),837.< ., 3&78', 67 67)73C(* 67. P)(3&),6()<
78 *& 3,*(< > (')(* :,*'(*. A 3(8'98&,39=8 7. S73)7',)9( 67. J&G:,6( ( T)9A&8,. +),3'93,)5 .,
',*,39=8< 983.&>786( 78 7.., > +() *7+,),6( ., 3,8'96,6 ?&7 )7*&.'7 67 .,* 3())7*+(86978'7*
498&',* +)7*78',6,* %A)'. 224.1 CPC/ D7 ., ',*,39=8 *7 6,)5 ;9*', , .,* +,)'7* +() 3983( 6E,*
, @98 67 ?&7 4,89@97*'78 .( ?&7 , *& 67)73C( 3(8;78:, %A)'. 224.1.2 CPC/. S7)5 78'(837*
3&,86( ., 3(8678,6, ,. +,:( '786)5 ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 94+&:8,) .,* 498&',* +)7*78',6,*<
*9786( 6(* .(* 4('9;(* 3(8'74+.,6(* +() ., L7>L +() *7) 7F37*9;,* ( +() *7) 9867A96,*.
4.J E* 67 C,37) 8(',) ?&7 7. N&7;( C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9.< 8( 7*',A.737 &8 'D)498( ,.
S73)7',)9( +,), ., +)53'93, 67 7*', ,3'&,39=8< *7)E, 8737*,)9( ?&7 ., C()'7 S&+)74, 67
B&*'939,< 67@98, 7. 49*4(< 8(* ,')7;74(* , +)(+(87) ?&7 *7, 7. +.,G( 45* 3()'( , @98 67 8(
,.,):,) 7. +)(37*(.
5. D7A7)E, 78'7867)*7 7F37*9;, ,?&7.., 498&', ?&7 *7 )7+&'7 ,.',478'7 7.7;,6, (
8('()9,478'7 67*+)(+()39(8,6, ,'7869786( ,. 3(837+'( (AB7'( 67 498&',39=8< 3(8 ,))7:.( ,
.( +)7;9*'( 78 7. A),837. +)(@7*9(8,. 3())7*+(86978'7.
6. C(4( 78 ., ,3'&,.96,6 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 )76&39) ., +7'9',< +7)( 8&83, 983)7478',)., 67
(@939(. L( +)947)( (3&))7 3&,86( .(* C(8(),)9(* 67 .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7* ?&7 *7 98;(.&3),)(8 78
7. B&939( 7F37678 67 .( 7*',A.7396( +() 4&'&( ( +() ,),837.. E. +)(3&),6() ,@73',6( 78 *&*
C(8(),)9(* '9787 7. +.,G( 67 5 6E,* +,), +)(8&839,)*7. %A)'. 224 > 225 CPC/ *(A)7 ., ',*,39=8
67 3(*',*.
7. E. 3=69:( 4&7*'), *9.7839( 78 3&,8'( , ., '),49',39=8 67 ., 94+&:8,39=8 > *7 .949',
K893,478'7 3(8'), ,?&7..,* ?&7 *7 67)9;78 67 .(* )78:.(87* 3())7*+(86978'7* , .(* C(8(),)9(*
67 .(* P)(@7*9(8,.7* 98'7);98978'7*< , .( 3&,. *7 749'9)5 98@()47 ,. 3())7*+(86978'7 C(.7:9(
P)(@7*9(8,. +,), ?&7 *7 +)(8&8397 678')( 67. +.,G( 67 697G %10/ 6E,*. E. S73)7',)9( J&6939,.
+)(3767)5 3(8@()47 , .( ,3'&,6( +() .(* 98'7)7*,6(*< )749'9786( &8, ;7G '7)498,6( 7. +.,G(
3())7*+(86978'7 ,. T)9A&8,. +,), *& 67A96, )7*(.&39=8< ., 3&,. *7)5 4769,8'7 67 ,&'(
4('9;,6( > *98 &.'7)9() )73&)*(.
7. E. A)'. 227.3 CPC< C,A., +,)'93&.,)478'7 67 ,?&7..(* 3,*(* ?&7 ., 94+&:8,39=8 )73,9:,
+() C,A7)*7 983.&96( +,)'96,* & C(8(),)9(* 8( 67A96(*< +,), 7..( ..,4, ,. B&7G , 3(8;(3,) ,
.,* +,)'7* , &8, ,&697839,< ., 3&,. 3(4( >, *,A74(* 67A7)5 )7*+7',) .(* +)9839+9(* '(),.7* 67.
*9*'74, +)(37*,.< > 3(8 .( ?&7 )7*&.'7 *7 3(8'98&,), 7. '),49'7 9839678',.. N='7*7 ?&7 8( *7
7F+)7*, 78 +.,G( +,), ., 37.7A),39=8 67 7*', ,&697839,. I:&,. *&3767 78 .(* 3,*(* 67 6(A.7
94+&:8,39=8 %A)'. 227.4 CPC/.
212
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
". S(8 6(* +)9839+,.478'7 .(* 4('9;(* ?&7 +&7678 +)(;(3,) ., 94+&:8,39=8 67 &8, 498&',
+() 9867A96,L
• P() 983.&9) .,* +,)'96,* ?&7 *7 *7-,.,8 78 7. A)'. 21".2 CPC.
• P() 3(8'787) +,)'96,* ?&7 8( *7 7F+)7*78 67',..,6,478'7.
• E8 3&,8'( , ., 983.&*9=8 67 +,)'96,* 8( 67',..,6,* 3(4( 4('9;( 67 94+&:8,39=8< 7*
D*', &8, 3&7*'9=8 67 4,>() 3(4+.7B96,6. T),',69*',* 3(83&7)6,8 78 3&,8'( , ?&D
67AE, 78'7867)*7 +() 498&', 67',..,6,. C(4( )7*+&7*',* > +() ,@9896,6< *(8 8(',*
3,),3'7)E*'93,*]]
• S7 +7)49'7 ., :.(A,.9G,39=8 67 .(* 94+()'7*< *974+)7 > 3&,86( ., 498&', *7,
67',..,6, 78 3&,8'( , .(* 3(837+'(* > ?&7 D*'(* *7 3())7*+(86,8 3(8 &8, ,3'&,39=8
'9+9@93,6, 3(4( 498&',A.7 > 7@73'9;,478'7 )7,.9G,6,< > ?&7 *7, @,3'9A.7
9869;96&,.9G,) .(* 94+()'7* 67 .(* 69;7)*(* 3(837+'(* 498&',A.7* 4769,8'7 &8
7.7478',. 35.3&.( 4,'745'93(.
• L, 9867'7)498,39=8 )7.,'9;, 89 &8, :.(A,.9G,39=8 ?&7 8( 783&A), &8, ,3'9;96,6
983())73', B&*'9@93,8 ., 673.,),39=8 67 C(8(),)9(* 9867A96(*.
• N( 7* 9867A96, ., 498&', ?&7 *7 )749'7 , .,* 8()4,* ()978',6(),* 67. )7*+73'9;(
C(.7:9( P)(@7*9(8,..
• N( *(8 9867A96(* .(* C(8(),)9(* 67;78:,6(* +() 98*')&339=8< +)7+,),39=8 >
,*9*'7839, , ., ;9*', 3(8 98@()47 ,8'7 ., S,.,< ,. *7) 7. ')549'7 67 98*')&339=8
,337*()9( 78 7. ,*+73'( 98'7.73'&,. )7*+73'( 67 .(* 3(837+'(* 67 +)7+,),39=8 >
,*9*'7839, , ., ;9*',< ?&7 *(8 +)9839+,.7* > *(A)7 .(* ?&7 :),;9', ., *&4, *7-,.,6,.J
• S7, +() 7. 4('9;( ?&7 @&7)7 ., 94+&:8,39=8 67 ., 498&', +() 9867A96, *7 *&*',839,)5
+() .(* ')549'7* > 3(8 .(* )73&)*(* 7*',A.7396(* +,), .(* 9839678'7* %A)'. 416 CPC/.J
$. L, *78'7839, 3(8678,'()9, 67 .,* 3(*',* +)(37*,.7*< +)7;9, *& ',*,39=8 7* 'E'&.( .7:9'94,6()
+,), ., 7B73&39=8. f*', *7 +),3'93,)5 78 3(8*73&7839, 78 *&* +)(+9(* 'D)498(* > 7. +)(37*( ,
*7:&9) 8( 69*', 67 3&,.?&97) (')( +)(37694978'( 783,498,6( , ., 7B73&39=8 67 .,* *78'7839,*.
A*E< 7. 7*3)9'( 98*',6( +() ., +,)'7 , ?&978 98'7)7*7 ., 7B73&39=8 *7 98'7)+(86)5 ,8'7 7.
T)9A&8,. ( J&7G ?&7 78'7869= 67. +)(37*( 3(:89'9;(. A. *7) ., *78'7839, ?&7 3(8678, ,. +,:(
67 .,* 3(*',*< &8, ;7G 693',6( ,&'( 67 ',*,39=8< &8, 3(8678, 67 +,:( 67 3,8'96,6
67'7)498,6, > .E?&96,< *7 +)(3767)5 *98 8737*96,6 67 45* )7?&7)94978'(* +7)*(8,.7* ,.
3(8678,6( ,. 74A,):( 67 A9787* *&@93978'7* ?&7 3&A),8 7. +)9839+,. V3(*',* 67.
+)(37694978'( 78 +)947), 98*',839,< ,+7.,39=8 ( ,4A,*V< .,* 3(*',* 67 ., 7B73&39=8 ?&7 *7
7*',A.737)58 78 &8, 3,8'96,6 +)&67839,. > .(* 98'7)7*7* 4(),'()9(* ?&7 *7 67;78:&78 C,*', *&
7@73'9;( 3(A)(. E. )7*'( 67. +)(37694978'( 67 7B73&39=8 *7 ..7;, , 3,A( +() .,* )7:.,* ?&7
7*',A.737 E. C=69:( P)(37*,. C9;9. +,), 7. ,+)749( %A)'. 747 > *9:&978'7* 67. CPC/< ,*E<
7F+(874(* A)7;7478'7 .(* +,*(* +)9839+,.7*L
E. J&7G 67*+,3C,)5 +() .( :787),. 7B73&39=8 > 74A,):( 78 &8, 49*4, )7*(.&39=8M 3&,86( *7
*(.939',*7 78 &8 49*4( 7*3)9'( ,4A,* 3(*,*M S9 7. 67*+,3C( 67 74A,):( *7 693',),
9867+786978'7478'7 67A7)E, )7;7*'9) ., 49*4, @()4, ,K8 3&,86( *7 +&76, 78'7867) ?&7 *7
'),', 67 &8 47)( ')549'7< +&7* 78 4&3C(* 3,*(* )7?&7)9)5 &8 7B7)3939( ;,.(),'9;(< > +&767
,@73',) , .(* 67)73C(* 67. 7B73&',6(M > 45* *9 +78*,4(* 78 67*+,3C(* 67 47B(), 67 74A,):(.
P() K.'94(< 47)737 ., +78, )73()6,) ?&7 7. 7B73&',8'7 +(6)5 98*',) 78 3&,.?&97) 4(478'( .,
213
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8&7;, +)53'93, 67 .9?&96,39=8 67 98'7)7*7* 4(),'()9(*< 67 7F')74( 98'7)D* 3&,86( 7. +)(37*(
67 7B73&39=8 *7 +)(.(8:, 45* ,..5 67 .( 67*7,6(< *98 ?&7 7. 67&6() ,3&7)67 , +,:,).
LIBRO SEGUNDO

PRUEBA

TITULO PRIMERO

NORMAS GENERALES

BESS* &CT!RA A+ULAR.
(,

ART5CULO 88F-4 FINES DE LA PRUEBA.
A 'r$,<! %" #! /"%i! %" pr("1$ #$! p$r'"! $cr"%i'$n #$! $+ir/$cin"! %" &"c&
$#".$%$! :(" !"$n cn'r,"r'i%$!; cn,"nc"n $# )("7 'ri1(n$# %" #$ ,"r%$% c"r'"7$
%" (n &"c&; # ,"ri+ic$n c/ ci"r'! $ #! "+"c'! %"# prc"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.( "2 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,M 5< 11< 5$< 251< 67. CPC.
Co)etario*
3-4 L$ pr("1$ c/ "!"nci$ %"# prc"!-
L, 7*7839, 67. +)(37*( 7* ., +)&7A,. E. B&7G< +() 67@98939=8 94+,)39,. > *(.( *&B7'( ,. 94+7)9(
67 ., .7>< 67A7 67 B&G:,) 3(8@()47 , .( ,.7:,6( > +)(A,6( +() .,* +,)'7* 678')( 67. +)(37*(M
>< +() 7..(< ., +)&7A,< 3(4( ,3'9;96,6 69)9:96, , 67*+7B,) ., 983=:89', *(A)7 .(* C73C(*
3(8')(;7)'96(*< *7 3(8;97)'7 78 7. 8K3.7( 67. +)(37*( > 78 *& (AB7'( A5*93(.
N( (A*',8'7< 67A7 67 *9:89@93,)*7 ?&7 7. 3(837+'( 67 ., +)&7A, > 7. 67*,))(..( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6
+)(A,'()9, 8( '97878 *=.( &8 ,.3,837 +)(37*,.< *98( ?&7 '9787 &8, 4,89@97*', 69478*9=8
3(8*'9'&39(8,. > 67 67)73C( @&86,478',.. P() 7..(< +)(3767 C,37) C983,+9D 78 ., 3(87F9=8 67.
67)73C( , ., +)&7A, 3(8 7. 67)73C( , ., '('"#$ )(%ici$# 7@73'9;,< 3&>( ,.3,837 983.&>7 .,*
3&7*'9(87* )7.,'9;,* , ., +)&7A,< > 3(8 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 67. ?&7 7* 98*7+,),A.7. H, *96(
B&*',478'7 7*, 9869*(.&A.7 3(87F9=8 ., ?&7 C, +7)49'96( ,@9)4,) ?&7 7. 3(8'7896( 7*7839,.
67. 67)73C( , &'9.9G,) .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, +7)'9878'7* *7 98'7:), +() 7. +(67) B&)E693( ?&7 *7
,')9A&>7 , ?&978 98'7);9787 3(4( .9'9:,8'7 78 &8 +)(37*( 67 +)(;(3,) ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(37*,.
8737*,)9, +,), .(:),) ., 3(8;9339=8 67. =):,8( B&6939,. *(A)7 ., 7F9*'7839, ( 987F9*'7839, 67
.(* C73C(* )7.7;,8'7* +,), ., 6739*9=8 67. 3(8@.93'( (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(.
E8 3(8*73&7839,< 7. 67)73C( , &'9.9G,) .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, +7)'9878'7* 3(8*'9'&>7 &8
67)73C( @&86,478',.< 98*7+,),A.7 67. %"r"c& %" %"+"n!$; ?&7 *7 )73(8(37 > :,),8'9G, ,
'(6(* .(* ?&7 *(8 +,)'7 78 &8 +)(37*( B&6939,.< 67 ',. 4,87),< ?&7 7. 67)73C( , ., +)&7A, > *&
)7,.9G,39=8 3(8 +.78,* :,),8'E,* 67 3(8'),69339=8< 984769,39=8< 3(8378'),39=8 (),.96,6 > 67
9:&,.6,6 67 ,)4,* 78')7 .(* .9'9:,8'7* 7*', 9869*(.&A.7478'7 &896( ,. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > ,.
14
L(* ,)'E3&.(* 22" ,. 256 7*'58 3(478',6(* +() D. B7**> V93'()9, A:&9.,).
214
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67)73C( , ., '&'7., 7@73'9;, 3(4( 4,89@7*',39(87* 7*7839,.7* 67. @&86,478',. 67)73C( 67.
,337*( , ., B&*'939,.
A339(8,86( 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, .,* +,)'7* 78 &8 B&939(< 78 9:&,.6,6 67 (+()'&896,67*<
+&7678 @()4&.,) *&* ,.7:,39(87* 67 C73C( > 67 67)73C(< &'9.9G,86( .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,
+7)'9878'7*< 69)9:96(* , 3(8;7837) ,. J&7G ( T)9A&8,.< *(A)7 ., ;7),396,6 > 7F,3'9'&6 67 .(*
49*4(*< *974+)7 )7:96(* +() .(* +)(37694978'(* B&6939,.7*.
L,* +,)'7* *(8 9:&,.7* 78 7. +)(37*(< '789786( .(* 49*4(* 67)73C(*< (A.9:,39(87*< 3,):,* >
(+()'&896,67*< 78 @&839=8 67 ., +(*939=8 +)(37*,. ?&7 (3&+78. E. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. 7*'5
(A.9:,6( , +)7*7);,) ., 9:&,.6,6 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7. +)(37*( > , 7;9',) '(6, 69*3)9498,39=8
3(8'), ( 78')7 7..,* +() ),G(87* 67 *7F(< ),G,< )7.9:9=8< 969(4,< ( 3(86939=8 *(39,.< +(.E'93,<
73(8=493, ( 67 ('), E86(.7.
E* , '),;D* 67 ., @,*7 +)(A,'()9, ?&7 *7 7*',A.737 ., 7F,3'9'&6 67 &8 C73C( ?&7 *9);7 67
@&86,478'( , &8 67)73C( ?&7 *7 )73.,4,< *9 .(* C73C(* 8( 7*'58 @9B,6(* %C73C(*
3(8')(;7)'96(*/< *7 +)739*,)5 ., +)&7A, +,), +(67) (A'787) ., ,+.93,39=8 67 ., .7> ?&7 *7
+7)*9:&7. E..( 8( 7* 45* ?&7 ., ,+.93,39=8 67. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7< > 78 A,*7 ,
D*', *7 693',)5 &8, )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. @&86,6, 78 .(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* > +)(A,6(* +() .,*
+,)'7* 78 .(* 4(478'(* @9B,6(* +() 7*'7 C=69:(.
P(674(* 678(498,) H+)&7A,I , ,?&7.., ,3'9;96,6 +)(37*,. 67 +,)'7 783,498,6, , +)(6&39)
78 7. J&7G ( T)9A&8,. 7. 3(8(394978'( > 3(8;78394978'( ,37)3, 67 ., ;7)6,6 ( @,.', 67 ;7)6,6
67 &8, ,.7:,39=8 67 C73C(< +)(+9, ( ,B78,. L, @,.', 67 +)&7A, ( ., +)&7A, 987F,3', 8( (A.9:,
,. B&7G +&7* *(8 .,* +,)'7* .,* ..,4,6,* , +)(A,) *& 67)73C(.

8-4 R$!.! %"+ini%r"! "# %"r"c& $ #$ pr("1$-
L(* ),*:(* 3,),3'7)9G,6()7* 67. D"r"c& +(n%$/"n'$# $ #$ pr("1$; 3(4( +,)'7 7*7839,. 67.
67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 67 *& +)('7339=8 3(8*'9'&39(8,.< 78 .( ?&7 ,?&E 98'7)7*, 78 ()678 ,
3(4+)7867) 3(8 +)739*9=8 .(* +)9839+9(* 98*+9),6()7* 67. 8&7;( '7F'( +)(37*,. C(86&)7-(<
+&7* '97878 &8 )7@.7B( 69)73'( 78 *& ,)'93&.,6(< *7)9,8 .(* *9:&978'7*L
,/ E*'7 67)73C( 7* &8 67)73C( @&86,478',. 67 3(8@9:&),39=8 .7:,.< 78 ., 67.949',39=8 67
3&>( 3(8'7896( 3(8*'9'&39(8,.478'7 +)('7:96( 3(,6>&;, 67 4,87), ,3'9;, 7. .7:9*.,6() ,.
7*',A.737) .,* 8()4,* )7:&.,6(),* 67 3,6, 3(83)7'( 4769( 67 +)&7A,< , 3&>,*
67'7)498,39(87* C,A)5 67 ,3(4(6,)*7 7. 7B7)3939( 67 7*'7 67)73C(M 67 ',. 4(6( ?&7< +,),
78'7867).( .7*9(8,6(< *7)5 +)739*( ?&7 ., +)&7A, 8( ,649'96, ( 8( +),3'93,6, *7 C,>,
*(.939',6( 78 ., @()4, > 4(478'( .7:,.478'7 7*',A.7396(*< *98 ?&7 78 898:K8 3,*( +&76,
3(8*967),)*7 478(*3,A,6( 7*'7 67)73C( 3&,86( ., 98,649*9=8 67 &8, +)&7A, *7 C,>,
+)(6&396( 67A96,478'7 78 ,+.93,39=8 7*')93', 67 .,* 8()4,* .7:,.7* 3&>, .7:9'9496,6
3(8*'9'&39(8,. 8( +&76, +(87)*7 78 6&6,.
A/ E*'7 67)73C( 8( '9787< 78 '(6( 3,*(< 3,)53'7) ,A*(.&'( (< 7F+)7*,6( 78 (')(* 'D)498(*< 8(
@,3&.', +,), 7F9:9) ., ,649*9=8 67 '(6,* .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 +&76,8 +)(+(87) .,* +,)'7* 78 7.
+)(37*(< *98( ?&7 ,')9A&>7 K893,478'7 7. 67)73C( , ., )737+39=8 > +)53'93, 67 ,?&D..,* ?&7
*7,8 +7)'9878'7*< 3())7*+(869786( , .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7* 7. 7F,478 *(A)7 ., .7:,.96,6 >
+7)'987839, 67 .,* +)&7A,* *(.939',6,*< 67A9786( 4('9;,) ),G(8,A.7478'7 ., 6787:,39=8 67 .,*
215
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)&7A,* +)(+&7*',*. D7 4(6( ?&7 +&767 )7*&.',) ;&.87),6( 7*'7 67)73C( 78 3,*( 67
6787:,39=8 ( 987B73&39=8 67 +)&7A,* 94+&',A.7* ,. =):,8( B&6939,.< 3&,86( *7 98,649'78 (
987B73&',8 +)&7A,* )7.7;,8'7* +,), ., )7*(.&39=8 @98,. 67. ,*&8'( .9'9:9(*( *98 4('9;,39=8
,.:&8, ( 4769,8'7 &8, 98'7)+)7',39=8 67 ., .7:,.96,6 4,89@97*',478'7 ,)A9'),)9, (
9)),G(8,A.7.
3/ N( '(6, 9))7:&.,)96,6 & (49*9=8 +)(37*,. 78 4,'7)9, 67 +)&7A, %)7@7)96, , *& ,649*9=8< ,
*& +)53'93,< ( , *& ;,.(),39=8./ 3,&*, +() *E 49*4, 9867@78*9=8. E. 6,'( 7*7839,. +,), ?&7
+&76, 3(8*967),)*7 ;&.87),6( 7. 67)73C( @&86,478',. 67 67@78*, 78 *& 69478*9=8 67
+)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,< 3(8*9*'7 78 ?&7 .,* 9))7:&.,)96,67* & (49*9(87* +)(37*,.7*
7@73'9;,478'7 ;7)9@93,6,* C,>,8 *&+&7*'( &8, 7@73'9;, 9867@78*9=8 78 7. *78'96( 67 8(
C,A7)*7 +),3'93,6( ., +)&7A, ,649'96,< ( *9 *7 C&A97*7 +),3'93,6( 3())73',478'7 ., ,649'96,<
., )7*(.&39=8 @98,. 67. +)(37*( C&A97), +(696( *7) 69*'98', 78 7. *78'96( 67 *7) @,;(),A.7 ,
?&978 678&839, ., 98@),339=8 67. 67)73C( @&86,478',..
6/ 2&978 98;(?&7 &8, ;&.87),39=8 67. 67)73C( , ., +)&7A, 67A7 67 B&*'9@93,) 78 *& 674,86,
., 9867@78*9=8 *&@)96,. E*', K.'94, 7F9:7839, 67 ,3)769',39=8 67 ., )7.7;,839, 67 ., +)&7A,
6787:,6,< *7 +)(>73', 78 &8 6(A.7 +.,8(L +() &8 .,6(< *7 C, 67 674(*'),) ., )7.,39=8 78')7 .(*
C73C(* ?&7 *7 ?&9*97)(8 > 8( *7 +&697)(8 +)(A,) > .,* +)&7A,* 98,649'96,* ( 8( +),3'93,6,*M
>< +() (')( .,6(< *7 C, 67 ,):&478',) 7. 4(6( 78 ?&7 ., ,649*9=8 > ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,
(AB7'( 67 ., 3(8')(;7)*9, C,A)E,8 +(696( '787) &8, 983967839, @,;(),A.7 , ., 7*'94,39=8 67
*&* +)7'78*9(87*.
=-4 N,"%$%"! "!"nci$#"! "n /$'"ri$ %" pr("1$-
E* *98 6&6, ,.:&8,< ., )7@()4, 3(8'7896, 78 4,'7)9, 67 +)&7A, &8, 67 .,* 45* 94+()',8'7* >
)7.7;,8'7* 67. 8&7;( '7F'(. L, )7@()4, *7 7*')&3'&), 4769,8'7 ., )7:&.,39=8 67 &8,* 8()4,*
:787),.7*< 3(8 ., 7F+(*939=8 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,< > 4769,8'7 ., )7:&.,39=8 67 ,.:&8,*
7*+739,.96,67* 78 @&839=8 67. '9+( 67 +)(37*( %()698,)9(J,A)7;9,6(/< ( 67 ., ,339=8 7B7)39',6,
%3(4+7'7839, 67*.7,.< +)(37*(* 67 @,49.9,< 983,+,396,67* 7'3./. P(674(* 67*',3,) 3(4(
8(;76,67* @&86,478',.7* 78 4,'7)9, 67 +)&7A, .,* *9:&978'7*L
1P.J S7 &89@93, ., )7:&.,39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 78 7. C=69:( P)(37*,.< +(89786( @98 , *9'&,39=8
,3'&,. 78 ., ?&7 ., 8()4,'9;, *7 783&78'), 7. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7* > 78 7.
C=69:( C9;9..
2P.J D7*,+,)737 ., '),6939(8,. 69;9*9=8 78')7 &8 +7)9(6( +,), +)(+(87) > (')( +,), +),3'93,)<
+,), *7) *&*'9'&96, +() ., +)53'93, 3(8378'),6, 67 '(6, ., +)&7A, 78 &8, ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,<
A,B( ., ;9:7839, 4&> 7*')93', 67. +)9839+9( 67 984769,39=8.
3P.J S7 )7:&.,8 8&7;(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,< @)&'( 67 .(* ,;,837* '738(.=:93(*< > *7 7*',A.737
&8, +)7;9*9=8 67 ?&7 7F9*',8 ( ,+,)7G3,8 (')(* 4769(* 69*'98'(* , .(* 7F+)7*,478'7
+)7;9*'(*.
216
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4P.J S7 )7@&7)G, 7. *9*'74, 67 ;,.(),39=8 .9A)7 67 ., +)&7A, %67 ,+)739,39=8 *7:K8 .,* )7:.,*
67 ., H*,8, 3)E'93,I/< +&7* *7 ,'74+7), 7. 3,)53'7) ',*,6( 67 ., @&7)G, +)(A,'()9, 67 .,
3(8@7*9=8 > 67 .(* 6(3&478'(*.

5P.J D7*,+,)7378 .,* 69.9:7839,* +,), 47B() +)(;77)< > ,&8?&7 *7 )73(8(378 ,. B&7G 397)',*
@,3&.',67* 67 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9,< 67A7 67 7B7)37).,* 78 &8 4(478'( ,8'7)9()< >W(
*&:9)9786( , .,* +,)'7* ,.:K8 4769( 67 +)&7A, 8737*,)9( 78 7. +)(37*(< +7)( *974+)7 3(4(
,.:( 4&> 7F37+39(8,..
6P.J S7 )7@&7)G, ., 8737*96,6 67 ,):&478',) ., ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 78 ., *78'7839,< 3(8 .,
*,839=8 67 8&.96,6< > *7 7*',A.737 7. )7.,'( 67 C73C(* +)(A,6(* 78 .(* ,8'737678'7* 67 C73C(
67 ., 49*4,.
ARTICULO 88H- INICIATIVA PROBATORIA-
3- L$! pr("1$! !0# !" pr$c'ic$n $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"-
8- Sin "/1$r.; "?c"pcin$#/"n'" "# 'ri1(n$# p("%" $cr%$r %" +ici * pr /"%i %"
$('; :(" !" pr$c'i:("n %"'"r/in$%$! pr("1$! c/p#"/"n'$ri$/"n'" $ #$!
prp("!'$! pr #$! p$r'"!; c($n% cn!i%"r" :(" #! /"%i! $pr'$%! pr #$!
p$r'"! !n in!(+ici"n'"!; %" /% :(" i/pi%$n (n$ crr"c'$ +r/$ci0n %" !(
cn,icci0n; !in p"r)(ici %" !(! +$c(#'$%"! %(r$n'" "# %"!$rr## %" #$! $(%i"nci$!
"n :(" !" pr$c'i:(" pr("1$-
=- E!'$ +$c(#'$% )(%ici$# n(nc$ !i.ni+ic$r> :(" "# )("7 p("%$ '"n"r inici$'i,$
pr1$'ri$; !(!'i'(*"n% #! %"1"r"! * #$! c$r.$! %" #$! p$r'"! $# r"!p"c'-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 10 > 11 67. CPC.
Co)etario*
L,* )7*(.&39(87* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7* 7*'58 .949',6(* +() .,* ,+()',39(87* 67 C73C(*< +)&7A,* >
+)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7*< 7* 6739)< ., +,)'7 78 7B7)3939( 67 *& 67)73C( 67 ,339=8< +)739*, 7.
(AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 4978'),* ?&7 ., +,)'7 ?&7 *7 (+(8:, @9B, 7. (AB7'( 67. 67A,'7< 9:&,.
,+.93,39=8 7* +,), 7. 3,*( 67 )73(8;7839=8. A 7..( *7 .7 3(8(37 3(4( P)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( (
67 B&*'939, )(:,6,.
L, )7:., :787),. 7* ?&7 .(* B&G:,6()7* 67A78 B&G:,) 67 ,3&7)6( , .( ?&7 )7*&.'7 +)(A,6( 78
B&939(. S98 74A,):(< 3(4( ,8'737678'7< 78 7. C=69:( 67 1$06< 7F9*'E, ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7
&8 J&7G ( T)9A&8,. 693'7 D9.9:7839,* ( P)(;967839,* +,), M7B() P)(;77) %A)'. 170< 42$ 67.
C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(* C9;9.7*/< 78'7869D86(*7 3(4( ',.7*< .(* ,3'(* 67 98*')&339=8
)7,.9G,6(* +() 98939,'9;, 67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< +,), ?&7 D*'7 +&76, @()4,)*7 *& +)(+9,
3(8;9339=8 *(A)7 ., 4,'7)9, 67. +.79'(.
E. (AB7'( 67 .,* 47696,* +,), 47B() +)(;77)< *7:K8 7. L7:9*.,6() 67 1$06< 7), +,), +7)49'9).7
,. B&7G 3(4+.7',) ., ;7)6,6 67 .(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* > 8( +)(A,6(* *,'9*@,3'()9,478'7< 67B,86(
217
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+() @&7), .(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* > +)(A,6(* > .(* C73C(* 8( ,.7:,6(* 89 +)(A,6(*. S98
74A,):(< +,*,6( 7. '974+( ., +)53'93, 67 7*',* 47696,*< C, *96( 67*8,'&),.9G,6, +() ,.:&8(*
(+7),6()7* 67 B&*'939,< +&7* , '),;D* 67 D*',* *7 783(8'),A, ., 4,87), 67 )74769,) 7.
67*3&96( ( 87:.9:7839, 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* ( *&* ,+(67),6(*< 7* 3(4( '9),).7 &8 *,.;,;96,* , .,
+,)'7 ,8'7* 67 693',) *78'7839,. R73()674(* ?&7 *(.,478'7 3&,')( *(8 .(* *&+&7*'(* 78 ?&7
.(* J&737* > T)9A&8,.7* +&7678 693',) 7*', 3.,*7 67 +)(;967839,*< A,B( &8 +)(37694978'( >,
*7-,.,6( %A)'. 170< 171< 172 > 42$ 67. C=69:( 67 1$06/. AC(), 78 7*', 8&7;, 8()4,'9;,
+)(37*,.< *7 3(8*9:8, 3(4( )7:., :787),.< ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* *=.( *7 +),3'93,8 , 98*',839, 67
+,)'7M *98 74A,):(< 7F9*'78 6(* 7F37+39(87* ?&7 +&697),8 78 &8 4(478'( 6,6( 78'7867)*7
3(4( &8, 67@()4,39=8 ,. +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;( > 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7< ?&7 *(8L 7. ,)'E3&.(
22$.2 > 7. 23$.6. CPC
3-4 D"'"r/in$ci0n %" #$ pr("1$- Si!'"/$ /i?': in!'$nci$ %" p$r'" " in!'$nci$ )(%ici$#-
E8 ., +)947), 69*+(*939=8 .7:,. ,8'7* )7@7)96,< 7. L7:9*.,6() ,&'()9G, ,. J&G:,6()< ?&7 67
4,87), 7F37+39(8,. ,3&7)67 4769,8'7 ,&'(< +),3'93,) 67'7)498,6,* +)&7A,* 3(4+.7478',)9,*
, .,* +)(+&7*',* +() .,* +,)'7*< > 7F+)7*, ?&7 7* 3&,86( 3(8*967)7 ?&7 .(* 4769(* ,+()',6(*
+() .,* +,)'7* *(8 98*&@93978'7*. A?&E +,)737 ?&7 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. '9787 ?&7 '787)
397)',* C,A9.96,67* 67 67'7)498,39=8 67 ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* 8( ;,8 , *7) *&@93978'7*<
>, ?&7 ., +,)'7 +&767 '787) ., 3(8;9339=8 67 ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* *(8 67 &8, 7@93,39,
K893,< 9867*')&3'9A.7 ,8'7 3&,.?&97) +)&7A, 78 3(8'),)9(< +7)( 7. B&G:,6() 8( .( +978*, ,*E. P()
('), +,)'7< *7 +.,8'7, 7. +)(A.74, 67 ?&D 67A7 78'7867) 7. J&7G +() I98*&@93978'7*I< +&7*< A978
+&767 *&3767) ?&7 ., +,)'7 +)(+(878'7 '78:, ., 98'7839=8 67 3(4+)(A,) &8 C73C( 4769,8'7 .,
+)53'93, 9869)73', > 67)9;,6, 67 ('),* +)&7A,* ?&7 ,3)769',8 C73C(* 69@7)78'7* > 8( *7
3(8*967)7 *&@93978'7 +() 7. J&7G. E8 '(6( 3,*( ., +)53'93, +)(A,'()9, )7*+(867)5 , ., 7*'),'7:9,
67 3,6, +,)'7< +() .( ?&7 7*', @,3&.',6 67. J&7G< 67A7 +),3'93,)*7 3(8 4&3C, +)&67839,<
7;9',86( *&*'9'&9) .(* 67A7)7* > .,* 3,):,* 67 .,* +,)'7*< 8( ..7:,) ,. ,A&*( ?&7 78 4&3C,*
(3,*9(87* *7 )7,.9G, 4769,8'7 .,* 69.9:7839,* +,), 47B() +)(;77).
C(8 7*', 3(4+.93,6, 8()4, ?&7 C, *96( , ;737* 3)9'93,6, +() +(67) ;&.87),) 7. +)9839+9( 67
,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7 > 67 3,):, +)(A,'()9,< 7. L7:9*.,6() ',. ;7G (+'= +() (@)737) , .,
39&6,6,8E,< 7. 67)73C( , &8, *78'7839, B&*',< , '),;D* 67 .(* (+7),6()7* 67 B&*'939,< ?&9787*
67A78 693',) @,..(* 3(8 ., 3(8;9339=8 8737*,)9,< *&@93978'7 > 4('9;,6,< .(:),86( &8, ;7)6,6
B&)E693, (AB7'9;,< *9786( 7. B&7G H69)73'() ( 3(86&3'() 67. +)(37*(I< ,.7B,6( 67 *7) &8 B&7G
+,*9;(L AK8 *9786( 4&> ,649*9A.7 7*'7 +)(+=*9'( 67A7 67 98693,)*7 ?&7 7* &8, @,3&.',6 *(.(
7F37+39(8,. 67. B&7G > ?&7 8&83, *9:89@93,)5 ?&7 7. B&7G +&76, '787) 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9,<
*&*'9'&>786( .(* 67A7)7* > .,* 3,):,* 67 .,* +,)'7* ,. )7*+73'(. E..( *&+(87 ?&7 *9 *7 ,A&*, 67
., 49*4, *7 +&767 ,@73',) ., 94+,)39,.96,6 67. J&G:,6()< 3(8 7. +)7'7F'( 67 693',) &8
+)(8&839,4978'( 3(8@()47 , 67)73C( ('():,86( ., 7@73'9;, '&'7., 67 .(* 98'7)7*7* 78 .9'9:9(< (
?&7 ,8'7 ., 3)77839, 67 ?&7 7. B&7G +&767 673969) 3(4( 7. 3(8*967)7 7* .( 4,* 3(8;78978'7 ,
.( ?&7 7* ., B&*'939,< *7 (.;96,86( ?&7 67A7 @,..,) 3(8 ,A*(.&', 94+,)39,.96,6< 3(8 .( ,.7:,6(
> +)(A,6( +)( .,* +,)'7* .9'9:,8'7*< +&7* 45* 94+()',8'7 7* '787) 3.,)( ?&7 7*', @,3&.',6
B&6939,. 8( *9:89@93,)5 ?&7 7. J&7G '78:, 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9,< ( ?&7 *&A*,87 .,* 67@9397839,*
67 .,* +,)'7* 78 B&939(< > ?&7 78 '(6( 3,*( 7* 69*3)739(8,.. P() 3(8*9:&978'7< *& (49*9=8 8(
*&+(87 98@),339=8 67 .,* 8()4,* 67. +)(37*( 89 ,@73', 7. 67)73C( 67 .,* +,)'7* 3,&*586(.7*
21"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
9867@78*9=8< > ,6745*< 3(4+.7478',)9,< .( ?&7 *&+(87 ?&7 7* +,), 3(4+.7478',) ., >,
+)(+&7*', > 8( +,), +)(+(87) &8, 8&7;,.
8-4 EL )("7 $!i!'"nci$#- Di+"r"nci$ %"# Ar'- 8HH CPC cn "# Ar'- 8=H CPC-
E8 7. A)'. 23$.6 CPC< 67 ,.:&8, 4,87), *7 ;9787 , )79'7),) +() 7. L7:9*.,6()< ?&7 7. T)9A&8,.
,. 783(8'),)*7 ,8'7 +)&7A,* 98*&@93978'7* +)(+&7*',* +() .,* +,)'7*< +&767 4,89@7*',).(
98693,86( 7. C73C( ( C73C(* ?&7< , *& B&939(< +(6)E,8 ;7)*7 ,@73',6(* +() ',. 98*&@9397839,<
,&8?&7 67 8&7;, +,)7397), ?&7 ;9787 , 3(8'),6739) .(* +)9839+9(* 69*+(*9'9;( > 67 ,+()',39=8
67 +,)'7< 78 3&,8'( ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* *7 +),3'93,8 , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7. L( ,8'7)9() 8(* )749'7 ,
., @9:&), 67. 678(498,6( B&7G ,*9*'7839,.< ?&7 8( 67A7 67 3(8@&869)*7 3(8 ., @,3&.',6 67. A)'.
22$< +&7* 78 7*'7 3,*( 7. B&7G '9787 ;7)6,67), 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9, > ,3&7)6, +() ,&'( .,*
+)&7A,* ?&7 +)739*, +,), *& 3(8;9339=8< 4978'),* ?&7 78 7. A)'. 23$ 7. B&7G *=.( 98693, (
*&:97)7 , +,)'7* ,. 3(8;7897839, 67 &8, 397)', +)&7A, +7)( 8( '9787 7@73'9;, 98939,'9;,
+)(A,'()9,< ,3&7)6, ,. +)53'93, 67 ,.:&8, +)&7A,.
L( 45* )73(4786,A.7 *7)E, ?&7 .(* B&737* 4,89@7*',),8 ., 98*&@9397839, +)(A,'()9, +7)( 67
&8, 4,87), :787),.< 3(4( &8, *&:7)7839,< >, ?&7 67 .( 3(8'),)9( ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* +(6)E,
3(8*967),) ?&7 7. J&7G 7*', 3(,6>&;,86( 3(8 *& 3(8'),)9( > 67B,86( 67 *7) 94+,)39,.. E*',
@,3&.',6 67 *&:7)9) +)&7A,* C, 67 98'7)+)7',)*7 67 4,87), )7*')93'9;, >, ?&7 ., 98939,'9;,
+)(A,'()9, 3())7*+(867 K893,478'7 , .,* +,)'7*< 7. B&7G ( ')9A&8,. 8( +&767 98')(6&39) C73C(*
69*'98'(* , .(* 67A96,478'7 ,.7:,6(* +() .,* +,)'7*< *,.;( ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 C73C(* 8('()9(*<
67A7 )7*+7',) .,* )7:.,* ,')9A&'9;,* 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A,. U8( 67 .(* +)(A.74,* ?&7 45*
C,8 +)7(3&+,6( , ., 6(3')98, > , .(* J&737* 7* ., 98'7)+)7',39=8 ?&7 67A7 6,)*7 ,. 7*, @,3&.',6
67 ., 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9, > .,* 3(8*73&7839,* ?&7 ,3,))7, 7. C73C( 67 8( C,A7) *96( +&7*',
67 4,89@97*'( , .,* +,)'7* ., 98*&@9397839, 67 ., +)&7A, +)(+&7*',- C97)'( 7* ?&7 7*', 8(;76(*,
98*'9'&39=8 +)(37*,. 8( 783,B, 7F,3',478'7 3(8 &8( 67 .(* +)9839+9(* 7*7839,.7* 67.
+)(37694978'(< 3(4( 7*L 7. 67 ., B&*'939, )(:,6, ( +)9839+9( 69*+(*9'9;(< &8, 67 3&>,*
4,89@7*',39(87* 7* ., 67 67B,) , ., 98939,'9;, 67 .,* +,)'7* ., ,+()',39=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7
3(8*967)78 8737*,)9,* , *& 67)73C(. E*'7 7@73'( 69*'()*9(8,6() 67. *9*'74, 67 +)(+(*939=8 67
+)&7A, C, *96( (AB7'( 67 )9:&)(*(* 3,.9@93,'9;(* ,. 3(8*967),).( 3(4( H7*3,*,478'7
,)4=893(I 3(8 7. *9*'74, 67 +)(+(*939=8 67 +)&7A, > H8,6, 3(8;78978'7I
15
< ( 983.&*( 67
H7F'),-( > ,K8 +7)'&)A,6()I<
16
+7)( .( 397)'( 7* ?&7 ,+,)737 983()+(),6( ,. *9*'74, +)(37*,.<
> 3(4( ',. 67A7 67 ;,.(),)*7 +() .(* B&737* > T)9A&8,.7* 78 3,6, 4(478'(< > ?&7< 3(4( C,
67*',3,6( ., 6(3')98,< 67 *& @98,.96,6 67 7*3.,)7394978'( 67 .(* C73C(* %E)[.,)&8:*+@.93C'/
*&):7 7*, @&839=8 B&6939,. 67 @()4&.,) H98693,39(87*I%H98R79*+@.93C/.
17
E8 )7,.96,6 *7 '),', 67 &8, 8()4, 3(8 ., ?&7 *7 +)7'7867< 67 ,.:&8, 4,87),< *&+.9) .,*
@,3&.',67* 67 69)7339=8 67. J&7G &8, ;7G *&+)9496,* .,* 69.9:7839,* +,), 47B() +)(;77)< +7)(
?&7 69@E39.478'7 ;, , +(67) C,37) 7@73'9;( 78 693C( 4(478'( +)(37*,. +&7* 67*3(8(37 7.
)7*&.',6( 67 .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* > ,649'96,* 78 ()678 , ., ,3)769',39=8 67 .(* C73C(*.
T,4+(3( 7.9498, ., 3,):, +)(A,'()9, 67 .,* +,)'7* , 3&>,* )7:.,* *7 *(47'7 7. B&7G +,),
15
DE LA OLIVA SANTOS. H,A)9:,4(* 4&> *7)9,* )7*7);,* *(A)7 7. ,397)'( 67 ., 98*+9),39=8 > 3(8*')&339=8 67. ,)' 42$ 2P >
3P]I
16
SAP 67 L7=8< S733 3O 67 2J06J2003
17
PROCESO CIVIL PRSCTICO. DIR. V9378'7 G9478( S786), > ,&'()7*L A*7839( M7..,6(< L=+7GJ1,:(*(< O)'7.. R,4(* >
P76),G P78,.;,. E6< L, L7> . +,:. 3$5.
21$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
)7*(.;7) 7. ,*&8'(< 983.&96,* .,* 67)9;,6,* 67 &8, @,.', 67 +)&7A,< 89 *& (49*9=8 +&767 *7)
3,&*, 67 8&.96,6 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87*< 3(4( *7 ,3()6= 78 ., *78'7839, 39',6,. P,)'9786( 67
7*',* +)749*,* 7* +)739*( )7,.9G,) 6(* 3(8*967),39(87* :787),.7*. E8 +)947) .&:,)< 7*'7
473,89*4( +)(37*,. 7* 69*3)739(8,.. S&):7 67 ., 47), 3(8*967),39=8 67. B&7G 67 ?&7 .,*
+)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* 8( *(8 *&@93978'7* +,), 7*3.,)737) .(* C73C(*. D9*3)739(8,. 7* ',4A9D8
%T+(6)5T/ *7-,.,) ., +)&7A, ( +)&7A,* 3&>, +)53'93, 3(8*967)7 3(8;78978'7 , +,)'9) 67 .(*
7.7478'(* +)(A,'()9(* 3&>, 7F9*'7839, )7*&.'7 67 .(* ,&'(*. C(8*9:&978'7478'7 *& (49*9=8 8(
*&+(87 98@),339=8 67 .,* 8()4,* 67. +)(37*( 89 ,@73', ,. 67)73C( 67 .,* +,)'7* 3,&*586(.7*
9867@78*9=8. E8 *7:&86( .&:,)< ., 98*&@9397839, +)(A,'()9, +&767 ;789) 6,6, +() .(* +)(+9(*
7.7478'(* 67 +)&7A, ,+()',6(* +() .,* +,)'7*< 983.&*( 67 ., +)&7A, B&6939,.478'7 98*98&,6, >
67A7 67 3(8*967),) ')7* 3)9'7)9(* 67 ,+.93,39=8L
,/ L, 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9, 3())7*+(867 , .,* +,)'7* > 7. J&7G 8( +&767 98')(6&39) C73C(*
69*'98'(* , .(* 67A96,478'7 ,.7:,6(* +() .,* +,)'7*< *,.;( ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 C73C(* 8('()9(*.
A/ E8 '(6( 3,*( 7. B&7G 67A7 )7*+7',) .,* )7:.,* ,')9A&'9;,* 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, > 78
898:K8 3,*( 7. B&7G +&767 *&A*,8,) ., @,.', 67 ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 98')(6&39786( 4769(* 67
+)&7A, ?&7 67A97)(8 ,+()',)*7 +() D*',* B&8'( , .(* 7*3)9'(* 7F+(*9'9;(*I.
3/ L, :787),.96,6 67 .(* *9*'74,* +)(37*,.7* 39;9.7*< > 7. 7*+E)9'& 67. CPC 94+.93, ?&7 T8(
*7)E, 89 ),G(8,A.7 89 ,*7?&9A.7 %45* A978 )7*&.',)E, 94+(*9A.7/ ?&7 @&7*7 7. E*',6(< , '),;D*
67 .(* ')9A&8,.7*< ?&9787* C&A97),8 67 (3&+,)*7 J3(8 ., 3())7.,'9;, )7*+(8*,A9.96,6J 67
3(4+)(A,) ., 37)'7G, 67 .(* C73C(* > *&* ,@9)4,39(87*< 3(8 &8, ,673&,39=8 +)(A,'()9, ,.
7@73'(< ?&7 3(8@9:&),8 ., 98478*, 4,>()E, 67 .,* 3,*(* ..7;,6(* ,8'7 .(* T)9A&8,.7*< +() .(
?&7 *(.( 78 .(* *&+&7*'(* 67 47)( (.;96( ,. +)(+(87)< 98*&@9397839, 4,89@97*', ,A 989'9( >
3.,)E*94,478'7 67 +)&7A,* ?&7 987?&E;(3,478'7 *7,8 3(86&378'7* ,K8 )7*&.',6( 3(83)7'(<
+(6)E,8 *&A*,8,)*7 ., 98,3'9;96,6 67 ., +,)'7.
6/ E*'7 +)737+'(< C, 67 98'7)+)7',)*7 )7*')93'9;,478'7< 67 4,87), ?&7 ., ,3'&,39=8 B&6939,. 8(
67*A()67 ., +(*939=8 67 94+,)39,.96,6 67. J&7G '),',86( 67 *,.;,) .,* 3,)7839,* +)(A,'()9,* 67
.,* +,)'7*< > .( ?&7 +)7'7867 ,?&7.., +,)'7 7* ?&7 ., +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9. *7 +)(3.,47
3(4( +)&7A, 67 (@939(< 7* 6739)< ?&7 *7, 7. J&7G 39;9. ?&978 67A, *7-,.,) ,. AA(:,6( 67 .,
+,)'7 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 C, 67 +)(+(87) +,), :,8,) 7. +.79'(< 3(8 7. 3(8*9:&978'7 +)7B&G:,4978'(
67 ., 3&7*'9=8 +.,8'7,6, 7 983.&*( 3(8 ., 3(8*9:&978'7 ?&97A), 67. +)9839+9( 67 9:&,.6,6 67
,)4,*. D93C( +)737+'( 67A7 67 784,)3,)*7 78 *&* B&*'(* .E49'7* ?&7 )7*&.',8 67 .,
98'7)+)7',39=8 *9*'745'93, )7*+73'( 67 '(6, ., 8()4,'9;, 67 +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.< > *98
(.;96,)< ?&7 ., @,3&.',6 ,64(89'()9, 67. B&7G< 7* +('7*','9;,< ,*E 3(4( ., 7F+)7*9=8 H+(6)5I.
7/ E8 '(6( 3,*(< ',. +)737+'( *7 3(8'),7 , ., +)&7A, +)(+&7*',< 8( , ., 98*&@9397839, 67 .,
+),3'93,6,< +&7* 7. 39',6( +)737+'( 7@73'9;,478'7 )7:&., ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ?&7 7. ')9A&8,.
9869?&7 ( *7-,.7 ., +)&7A, ( +)&7A,* 3&>, +)53'93, 3(8*967)7 3(8;78978'7 3&,86( 7*'947 ?&7
.,* +)(+&7*',* +() .,* +,)'7* +&697),8 )7*&.',) 98*&@93978'7* +,), 7. 7*3.,)7394978'( 67 .(*
C73C(*< +7)( 693C( +)737+'( C, 67 784,)3,)*7 78 *&* B&*'(* .E49'7* ?&7 )7*&.',8 67 '(6, .,
8()4,'9;, 67 ., +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.< > *98 (.;96,) ?&7 ',. @,3&.',6 67. J&G:,6()< +() .(*
+)(+9(* 'D)498(* 67. +)737+'(< 7* 47),478'7 +('7*','9;,
220
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
@/ L, @,3&.',6 3(837696, +() 7. +)737+'( 8( C,A9.9', +,), ,3()6,) ., +)53'93, 67 &8 4769(
+)(A,'()9( 3(83)7'( 89 .7:9'94,< +() ',8'(< *& +)53'93, 67 (@939(< *98( ?&7< +() 7. 3(8'),)9(<
7F3.&*9;,478'7 ,&'()9G, ,. T)9A&8,. .949'586(*7 ., @,3&.',6 , +(87) 67 4,89@97*'( , .,*
+,)'7*< 3(8 @&86,478'( 78 ., +)(+(*939=8 67 +)&7A, >, )7,.9G,6,< ,?&7..(* C73C(*
3(8')(;7)'96(* ?&7< , B&939( 67. T)9A&8,. +(6)E,8 ?&76,) 98*&@93978'7478'7 +)(A,6,* 3(8 .,
+)&7A, +)(+&7*', +() .,* +,)'7*< +() .( ?&7 ., 39',6, @,3&.',6 *7 3(8@9:&), 3(4( &8 B&939( 67
;,.() 67. T)9A&8,. 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(* > ., +)&7A, +)(+&7*', ?&7 +(87
67 4,89@97*'( , .,* +,)'7* *98 ;983&.,39=8 ,.:&8, 67 D*',*. L,* +,)'7*< , ., ;9*', 67 .,*
4,89@7*',39(87* 67. T)9A&8,.< +(6)58 ,6939(8,) *& +)(+(*939=8 67 +)&7A, ( 4,8'787).,
98;,)9,A.7< +&7* ',. 4,89@7*',39=8 8( 7* ;983&.,8'7. N( 7F9*'7 +&7* (A.9:,39=8 67. B&7G< *98(
*94+.7 @,3&.',6< @,3&.',6 ?&7 8( *7 7F'97867 , ., +)(+(*939=8 67 (@939( 67 +)&7A, ,.:&8,< ,
69@7)7839, 67. A)'. 22$ CPC.
ARTICULO 8=I-4 FACULTADES PROBATORIAS DEL TRIBUNAL-
3- C($n% "# )("7 'ri1(n$# %"!"" ('i#i7$r #$ +$c(#'$% cnc"%i%$ "n "# $r'2c(#
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=- L$ p$r'" $ :(i"n p"r)(%i:(" "!'$! %"ci!in"! p%r> i/p(.n$r#$! "!p"c2+ic$/"n'"
/"%i$n'" "# r"c(r! :(" :("p$ cn'r$ #$ !"n'"nci$; pr",i$ pr'"!'$-
@- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# p("%" $#'"r$r )(!'i+ic$%$/"n'" #$! r".#$! +i)$%$! pr "!'" C0%i.
p$r$ "# in'"rr.$'ri cr(7$%; p(%i"n% pr".(n'$r <# $ #$ p$r'"; $# '"!'i. $#
p"ri'; in'"rr(/pi<n%#$! p$r$ :(" $c#$r"n cn'r$%iccin"! %"c#$r$cin"!
!c(r$! "n c$!! "?c"pcin$#"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(*. 4< 253< 302< 334< 23" CPC
Co)etario*
E8 ,+.93,39=8 ,. +)9839+9( 67 3(8'),69339=8< 7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. ,8'7* 67 693',) 3&,.?&97)
6739*9=8 ( )7*(.&39=8 3(8 )7*+73'( , ., @,3&.',6 +)(A,'()9, 47839(8,6, 78 7. ,)'E3&.(
+)737678'7< ?&7 ,@73'7 67 4,87), 69)73', ( 9869)73', , .,* +,)'7*< '9787 7. 67A7) 67 (E).,*<
?&76586(.7 , ., +,)'7 +7)B&693,6, 7. 67)73C( 67 98'7)+(87) 7. )73&)*( .7:,. 3())7*+(86978'7<
+)7;9, +)('7*',< .( ?&7 8( (A*', +,), ?&7 7. B&7G 67396, ,. 4,):78 67 3&,.?&97) (+(*939=8 67
., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,. E. +)9839+9( 67. ?&7 *7 67A7 67 +,)'9) 7* ?&7 7. B&7G 67A7 *7) ,4+.9( 78 .,
,649*9=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* > 7*')93'( 78 *& ,+)739,39=8 > ;,.(),39=8 67*,+,)737 3(8 D*'7 C=69:(
',. 3(4( *7 7F+)7*, ,?&E > *7 3(478', 45* ,67.,8'7< ., +)&7A, 67A7 *7) +7)'9878'7< 78 7*7
*78'96(< ., +)&7A, ?&7 *7 +)(+(8:, 3(4( 3(4+.7478',)9, '9787 ?&7 *7) +7)'9878'7. E* 6739)<
221
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
?&7 7*, +)&7A, 67A, '787) )7.,39=8 984769,', > 69)73', 3(8 ('), +)&7A, 3(8 ., ?&7 *7
3(4+.7478',)5 > 3(8 ., ?&7 *7 '),',)5 67 +)(A,) .(* C73C(*< +&7* ., +)&7A, 3(4+.7478',)9,
8( *9:89@93, ?&7 *7)5 3&,.?&97) +)&7A,.
A8'7 ., 6739*9=8 67. B&7G ?&7 C, ,649'96( > ()678,6( ., +)53'93, 67 &8, +)&7A,
3(4+.7478',)9,< ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9, +(6)5 94+&:8,)., +,), ?&7 .&7:( *7 )73&)), 3(8 .,
*78'7839, 67@989'9;, *9 .7 7* 67*@,;(),A.7< +7)( +,), 7..( 67A7)5 +)('7*',)., +&7* 67 .(
3(8'),)9( 8( *7 .7 ,649'9)5 7. )73&)*( *(A)7 7*'7 +&8'(.
E. ')9A&8,. +&767 67 4,87), B&*'9@93,6, ,.'7),) .,* )7:.,* +,), 7. 98'7))(:,'()9( 3)&G,6(<
+&69786( D. +)7:&8',) , ., +,)'7< ,. '7*'9:( ( ,. +7)9'(< ( 98'7))&4+9D86(.(* +,), ?&7 ,3.,)78
3(8'),69339(87* ( 673.,),39(87* (*3&),* 78 3,*(* 7F37+39(8,.7*< +7)( 67 898:&8, 4,87),
+&767 98')(6&39) C73C(* 69*'98'(* , .(* 67A96,478'7 ,.7:,6(*< 78 '(6( 3,*( 7. B&7G 67A7
)7*+7',) .,* )7:.,* ,')9A&'9;,* 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A,< +7)( 8&83, *&A*,8,) ., @,.', 67
,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 986&39786( 4769(* 67 +)&7A, ( 673.,),39(87* 78 &8 *78'96( 67'7)498,6(

ARTICULO 8=3-4 DEBERES DE LAS PARTES Y TERCEROS-
3- L! '"!'i.! * #! p"ri'! ci'$%! '"n%r>n "# %"1"r %" c/p$r"c"r "n #$! $(%i"nci$!
"n %n%" !" &$*$ %" pr$c'ic$r #$ pr("1$ $%/i'i%$- L$ in+r$cci0n %" <!'" %"1"r !"
!$ncin$r>; !$#, :(" cnc(rr$ "?c(!$ cn,inc"n'" $#".$%$ pr",i$/"n'"; cn
/(#'$ %" (n K3) $ 'r"! K=) !$#$ri! /2ni/!-
8- A# 'i"/p %" i/pn"r #$ /(#'$ $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir; "# )("7
'ri1(n$# ci'$r> $# /(#'$% p$r$ :(" c/p$r"7c$ n(",$/"n'"; 1$) $p"rci1i/i"n'
%" prc"%"r p"n$#/"n'" cn'r$ <# pr "# %"#i' %" %"!1"%i"nci$ $ #$ $('ri%$%-
=- C($n%; !in "?c(!$ cn,inc"n'" $#".$%$ pr",i$/"n'"; (n '"!'i. p"ri' n
c/p$r"ci"r" "n #$ $(%i"nci$ "n :(" !" %"1$ pr$c'ic$r #$ pr("1$; "# )("7
'ri1(n$#; *"n% $ #$! p$r'"! :(" &(1i"!"n c/p$r"ci%; %"ci%ir> /"%i$n'"
pr,i%"nci$ !i #$ $(%i"nci$ &$ %" !(!p"n%"r!" %"1" cn'in($r-
@- C($n%; '$/1i<n !in /"%i$r pr",i$ "?c(!$; n c/p$r"ci"r" (n$ p$r'" :(" &(1i"!"
!i% ci'$%$ p$r$ r"!pn%"r $ !( in'"rr.$'ri; !" "!'$r> $ # %i!p("!' "n "!'"
C0%i. !1r" inc/p$r"c"nci$ * $%/i!i0n '>ci'$ %" &"c&! "n #$ pr("1$ %"
in'"rr.$'ri %" #$! p$r'"!; * !" i/pn%r> $ $:(<# #$ /(#'$ pr",i!'$ "n "# n(/"r$#
3 %" "!'" $r'2c(#-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 256 67. C=69:( P78,.M 172< 177< 46$ > 5$0 67. C.P.C.
Co)etario*
P,), ?&7 +&76, ,+.93,)*7 7. +)947) 8&47),.< 8='7*7 ?&7 ',8'( 7. '7*'9:( 3(4( 7. +7)9'( 67A78
7*',) H39',6(*IM 67 7*', 4,87), *9 8( .7 3(8*', ,. T)9A&8,. ?&7 .,* +7)*(8,* @&7)(8 39',6,* 8(
+&767 94+(87) 898:&8, *,839=8 89 4&.', ,.:&8,. P7)( 78 3,*( 67 ?&7 *7 .7 C,>, 39',6( > 8(
3&4+.9= 3(8 7. 67A7) 67 3(4+,)737) 78 .,* ,&697839,*< 78'(837* *7 .7 *,839(8,)5 3(8 4&.',
222
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67 &8( , ')7* *,.,)9(* 4E894(*< *,.;( ?&7 7F9*', 7F3&*, 3(8;98378'7. N( *7 8(* 6937 3(4( *7
+)(3767< +7)( C74(* 67 *&+(87) ?&7 7. B&7G 693',)5 &8 ,&'( 78 7. ?&7 *7 94+(8:, ., *,839=8
> ,..E 49*4( ()678,)5 8&7;,478'7 ., 39',39=8. C,A7 )7*,.',) ?&7 *9 +() &8 4('9;( 67 @&7)G,
4,>() ., +7)*(8, ?&7 67A7 ,*9*'9) , ., ,&697839, 8( .( C,37< 67A7)5 78'(837* 4,89@7*',).(
,*E ,. T)9A&8,. 984769,',478'7. A3)769',6, ?&7 7*'7 ., 3,&*, ( 3,*( @()'&9'(< *7 *(.939',)5 &8
8&7;( *7-,.,4978'(. S7 C,)5 &8, *7:&86, 39',39=8 ,. 4&.',6( , @98 67 ?&7 3(4+,)7G3, , .,
,&697839,< +7)( 78 7*', (+()'&896,6 *7 .7 ,6;7)'9)5 67 ?&7 *9 8( 3(83&))7 *7 +)(3767)5 3(8'),
D. +() 7. 67.9'( 67 67*(A7697839, , ., ,&'()96,6. S7 *&+(87 ?&7 ., 4&.', *7 .7 8('9@93,)5 78 7.
4(478'( 67 ., 39',39=8< +7)( >< *9 8( +,:, ., 4&.', X3=4( *7 C,)5 7*', 7@73'9;,Y E8'78674(*
?&7 *9 7*', 4&.', 8( 7* +,:,6, *7 +)(3767)5 3(8@()47 .( 69*+&7*'( 78 7. TE'&.( S7:&86( 67.
L9A)( S7F'(< EB73&39=8 67 TE'&.(* J&6939,.7*.
L, 6739*9=8 ?&7 '(47 7. B&7G *7:K8 7. 3,*( 67 7*'7 8&47),.< 7* +('7*','9;, > +() ',8'(
3&,.?&97), ?&7 *7, 7. )7*&.',6( *7)5 9))73&))9A.7< 898:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* *7 ., +&767 (AB7',)<
+&7* 7* D. 7. ?&7 69)9:7 7. +)(37*(.
C&,86( *98 4769,) 7F3&*, 8( 3(4+,)737 &8, H+,)'7I , )7*+(867) , *& 98'7))(:,'()9(<
C,A9786( *96( 39',6,< 7. T)9A&8,. ,+.93,)5 ., 69*+(*939=8 *(A)7 ., 983(4+,)737839, > ,649*9=8
@93',< 3(8*967),86( )73(8(396(* .(* C73C(* , .(* ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 7. 98'7))(:,'()9( 78 ?&7 693C,
+,)'7 C&A97), +,)'939+,6( +7)*(8,.478'7. E*', @,3&.',6 67. T)9A&8,. *7 3(8(37 3(4( =icta
con/esio< +7)( 8737*9', ., 3(83&))7839, 67 6(* )7?&9*9'(*L
1/ ., 673.,),39=8 67A7 ;7)*,) *(A)7 C73C(* 78 .(* ?&7 ., +,)'7 C,>, 98'7);7896(
+7)*(8,.478'7< ><
2/ 7* +)739*( ?&7 ., @9B,39=8 67 ',.7* C73C(* 3(4( 397)'(* .7 *7, 78'7), ( +,)39,.478'7
+7)B&6939,.. E* (A.9:,'()9( ,6;7)'9) , ., +,)'7 ?&7 *& 983(4+,)737839, 98B&*'9@93,6, 6,)5 .&:,)
, +(67) 3(8*967),) +() )73(8(396(* .(* C73C(*< +7)( 78 '(6( 3,*( 7*', @,3&.',6 67. B&7G 7*
+('7*','9;,< *(47'96, ,. +)&678'7 ,)A9')9( B&6939,.. I:&,.478'7 *7 .7 94+(86)5 &8, 4&.', 67
&8( , ')7* *,.,)9(* 4E894(* +() *& 983(4+,)737839,.

ARTICULO 8=8-4 SANCIONES
3- E# #i'i.$n'" pr c(*$ c$(!$ n !" p(%i"r$ ")"c('$r "n 'i"/p * +r/$ (n$ pr("1$
$%/i'i%$; !"r> !$ncin$% pr "# )("7 'ri1(n$# cn /(#'$ %" (n K3) $ 'r"! K=)
!$#$ri! /2ni/!; !$#, :(" p(%i"r$ )(!'i+ic$r $(!"nci$ %" r"!pn!$1i#i%$%
%"!i!'i"!" %" pr$c'ic$r %ic&$ pr("1$ !i <# #$ &(1i"!" prp("!'-
8- L$ /(#'$ pr",i!'$ "n "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir !" i/pn%r> "n "# $c' %" #$ $(%i"nci$ "n
:(" !" %"1$ pr$c'ic$r #$ pr("1$-
Co#orda#ias:
A)'E3&.(* 6< "< 11.2< 67. C.P.C.
Co)etario*
223
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E*'7 ,)'E3&.( :&,)6, )7.,39=8 E8'94, 3(8 7. +)9839+9( 67 B&78, 17< C(86&3', > EB7)3939( 67 .,
VE, P)(37*,. A673&,6, 3(8*9:8,6( 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 6. B978 *7 7F+)7*, 78 7. 8K47)( 2 67 693C(
,)'E3&.( ?&7 H7. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. C,)5 &*( 67 *& +(67) +,), +)7;789) ( *,839(8,)
3&,.?&97) ,339=8 > (49*9=8 3(8'),)9,* ,. ()678 ( , .(* +)9839+9(* 67. +)(37*(I. Y ,. )7*+73'(
7* 94+()',8'7 47839(8,) ?&7 7. B&7G 8( 67A7 7*+7),) , ?&7 ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9, .7 C,:, ;7) .,
,3'9'&6 )78&78'7 67. .9'9:,8'7< 7* &8, 6739*9=8 ?&7 7* 7F3.&*9;, 67 D. 3(4( 69)73'() 67.
+)(37*(. Y 7* ,..E 49*4( 78 ., ,&697839, 78 ?&7 +)(6&G3, ., )78&7839, 67 ., +,)'7 78 ?&7 *7 .7
94+(86)5 ., 4&.',. N( (A*',8'7< ., +,)'7 +&767 ,.7:,) > +)(A,) ?&7 8( 7* +() *& 3&.+, ?&7
8( *7 C, +(696( 7B73&',) ., +)&7A,< +() 9:&,. +&767 )78&839,) , ., +)53'93, 67 693C, +)&7A, >
3(8 7..( 7F949)*7 67 )7*+(8*,A9.96,6. L, @()4, 67 )7*(.;7) *(A)7 .,* *,839(87* 7* +)(+9, 67
&8 ,3'( (),. > 3(8378'),6(< > 67A7)5 )7*+7',) .(* +)9839+9(* 67 ,&697839, > 3(8'),69339=8.

ART5CULO 8==-4 TRADUCTOR O INTNRPRETE-
E# )("7 'ri1(n$# %"!i.n$r> 'r$%(c'r in'<rpr"'" p$r$ pr$c'ic$r #! /"%i!
pr1$'ri! c($n% !" %"n #! r":(i!i'! "!'$1#"ci%! "n "!'" C0%i. $# r".(#$r "#
i%i/$ +ici$#- S( r"'ri1(ci0n !"r> %" c$r. %" :(i"n prp(! #$ pr("1$-
C#o#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 6 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,< 12" 67. C.P.C.
Co)etario*
D7 *7) +)739*( > 7. 3,*( ,*E .( )7?&97),< 7. '),6&3'() ( 98'7)+)7'D *7)5 67*9:8,6( +() 7. B&7G<
+7)( 8( (A*', ?&7 ., +,)'7 98'7)7*,6, +)(+(8:, 693C( '),6&3'() ( 98'7)+)7'7< 4,* *9 D*'7 *7)5
?&978 3,):&7 3(8 ., )7')9A&39=8< +7)( ., 6739*9=8 3())7*+(867 K893,478'7 ,. B&7G< ?&978 *7
@&86,478',)5 78 ., @9,A9.96,6 > 3(8@9,8G, ?&7 .7 47)7G3, 7*, +7)*(8, +)(+&7*',< +&7* 7* ,
'),;D* 67 7.., ?&7 7. B&7G '(4,)5 3(8(394978'( 67 .( ?&7 69:,8 .(* 67+(878'7* 7F'),8B7)(* (
*()6(4&6(* > &8, A&78, ( 4,., '),6&339=8 +&767 3,4A9,) '(6( 7. *9*'74, 67 &8, 7F+)7*9=8.

CAP5TULO I

OBJETO DE LA PRUEBA

ART5CULO 8=@-4 HECHOS Y DERECHO
3- L$ pr("1$ r"c$"r> !1r" #! &"c&! :(" .($r%"n r"#$ci0n cn #$ '('"#$ )(%ici$# :("
!" pr"'"n%$ 1'"n"r "n "# prc"!-
8- L! (!! * c!'(/1r"! !"r>n 1)"' i.($#/"n'" %" pr("1$- L$ pr("1$ %" #$
c!'(/1r" n !"r> n"c"!$ri$ !i #$! p$r'"! "!'(,i"!"n cn+r/"! "n !( "?i!'"nci$ *
cn'"ni% * !(! nr/$! n $+"c'$!"n $# r%"n p91#ic-
224
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
=- E# %"r"c& "?'r$n)"r p%r> !"r '$/1i<n 1)"' %" pr("1$- En "!'" c$! %"1"r> !"r
pr1$% "n # :(" r"!p"c'$ $ !( cn'"ni% * ,i."nci$; p(%i"n% ,$#"r!" "# 'ri1(n$#
%" c($n'! /"%i! %" $,"ri.($ci0n "!'i/" n"c"!$ri! p$r$ !( $p#ic$ci0n-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 2 67. C=69:( C9;9.< 22"< 234.2< 434< 251 67. CPC.
Co)etario*
3-4 Cnc"p' * c#$!i+ic$ci0n-
L, +,.,A), H+)&7A,I +&767 '787) ;,)9,* ,37+39(87*. U8,* ;737* *7 78'7867)5 +,), 67*9:8,) 7.
7.7478'( +)(A,'()9( 49*4( %&8 6(3&478'(/< ('),* +,), )7@7)9)*7 ,. +)(37694978'( 67
674(*'),) ,.:(< ',4A9D8 +&767 78'7867)*7 3(4( 7. )7*&.',6( 67 7*7 +)(37694978'( *7:&96(<
+7)( 78 &8 *78'96( +)(37*,. +&767 3(837A9)*7 3(4( 7. 3(8B&8'( 67 ,3'(* 69)9:96(* ,
3(8;7837) ,. B&7G ( ')9A&8,. 67 ., ;7)6,6 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* .7 C,8
@()4,.9G,6(. E* ,37+',6( 6(3')98,.478'7 ?&7 7F9*'78 ;,)9,* 3.,*7* 67 +)&7A,L
1/ P() 7. *&B7'( 98'7);98978'7< 78 +)&7A,* +),3'93,6,* , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7 > , 98*',839, 67 B&7G
( ')9A&8,.< 78 *& 3,*(M
2/ P() ., )7.,39=8 78')7 7. (AB7'( 67 ., +)&7A, > 7. B&7G< *7 ,37+', ?&7 C,> +)&7A, 69)73', 7
9869)73', ( 986939,)9,M *7 78'97867 +() 69)73', 3&,86( 7. B&G:,6() +7)39A7 +() *E 49*4( .(*
C73C(*< *98 98'7)4769,)9( ,.:&8(< 7 9869)73', 3&,86( 7. B&7G ..7:, ,. 3(8(394978'( B&6939,. ,
'),;D* 67 &8 4769(< *7, 6(3&478',.< '7*'9@93,.< 7'3.M ( +() ;E, 67 986&339=8 %+)7*&839(87*/M
3/ P() ., )7.,39=8 3(8 7. 4769( &'9.9G,6( +,), .(:),) ., 3(8;9339=8 67. B&7G ( ')9A&8,.<
'7874(* +)&7A,* )7,.7* %6(3&478',./ > +7)*(8,.7* %3(8@7*9=8 78 B&939(< '7*'9@93,.< +7)939,. >
67 )73(8(394978'( B&6939,./M
4/ P() *& ()9:78< *7 69;967 78 *94+.7< 7* 6739)< ., ?&7 *7 3)7, 78 7. ,3'( 67. +)(37*(< >
+)73(8*'9'&96,< ., ?&7 7F9*'7 3(8 ,8'7)9()96,6 ,. +.79'(M
5/ P() *&* 7@73'(*< '7874(* 78 +.78, 3(8 ., 3&,. *7 ,3)769', 3(8 3.,)96,6 7. C73C(
3(8')(;7)'96(< > *749+.78,< 3&,86( (@)737 ,. B&G:,6() ., +(*9A9.96,6 67. C73C(M
6/ P() ., @98,.96,6 +7)*7:&96,< *7 69*'98:&7 78')7L +)&7A, +)9839+,.< ?&7 '9787 7. @98 67 +)(A,)
7. C73C( ,.7:,6(< > ., 3(8'),+)&7A,< 3(8 ., 3&,. *7 '),', 67 3(8;7837) ,. B&G:,6( 67 8( *7)
;7)6,6 7. C73C( ,.7:,6( +() *& 3(8'786()M
7/ P() ., .9A7)',6 67. B&G:,6() 78 3&,8'( , *& ,+)739,39=8< ,+,)737 ., +)&7A, .9A)7< 3(8*9*'78'7
78 ?&7 ., ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9, 7* 78 A,*7 , *& 3(8;9339=8 +*93(.=:93,< > +)&7A, ',*,6,< 78
7. *78'96( 67 ?&7 *& ;,.(),39=8 7*', 67'7)498,6, .7:,.478'7.
2.J O1)"' %" #$ $c'i,i%$% pr1$'ri$-
E. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 3(4+()', ?&7 .,* +,)'7*< 3(8 9:&,.6,6 67 (+()'&896,67*< +&7678
@()4&.,) ,.7:,39(87* 67 C73C( > 67 67)73C(< > &'9.9G,) .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, +7)'9878'7*
%)7.,39(8,6(* 3(8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*( > 783,498,6(* ,. 3(8(394978'( 67 .(* C73C(*/<
3(86&378'7* , 3(8;7837) ,. =):,8( B&6939,. 67 ., 7F,3'9'&6 67 .(* 6,'(* ,.7:,6(*< 678')( 67
.(* 3,&37* +)7;9*'(* 78 3,6, 3,*( +() .,* L7>7* +)(37*,.7*.
S9 7. (AB7'( 67 +)(37*( 7* ., +)7'78*9=8 ( +7'939=8 @&86,6, 69)9:96, ,. J&7G @)78'7 , ('),
+7)*(8,< > ., )7*9*'7839,< 78'78696, 3(4( (+(*939=8 , ., +)7'78*9=8< 7. (AB7'( 67 ., +)&7A, %7*
6739)< *(A)7 .( ?&7 D*', H)73,7I/< *(8 .(* *&+&7*'(* 67 C73C( %,@9)4,39(87* @53'93,* )7.,'9;,*
225
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
, .(* C73C(*/ 67 .(* ?&7 .,* +,)'7* +)7'78678 67)9;,) &8, 3(8*73&7839, B&)E693,< *9 A978< 78 &8
+)(37*( 3(83)7'(< .,* +,)'7* H67A78I +)(A,) .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(* *7:K8 *&* ,.7:,39(87*.
S&+&7*'( 7*+739,. 7* 7. 67 H)7A7.6E,I. R73()674(* ?&7 ., )7A7.6E, 7* &8, *9'&,39=8
H+)(;9*9(8,.I 67 ,&*7839, B&)E693, 67. 674,86,6( 78 7. +)(37*(< *&A*,8,A.7 4769,8'7 *&
+7)*(8,39=8 78 @()4,< 78 3&,.?&97) 4(478'(< 3&,.?&97), ?&7 *7, 7. 7*',6( 67 693C( +)(37*(<
,&8?&7 *98 )7')(3767) .,*. E..( 8( 94+.93,< 78 +)9839+9(< ?&7 ',. *9'&,39=8 '78:, )7@.7B( 78 .,*
3,):,* > +(*9A9.96,67* 67. ,3'() ?&978 67A7)E, 67 783(8'),)*7 78 ., 49*4, +(*939=8 +)(37*,.
?&7 *9 8( 7F9*'97*7 ., )7A7.6E,< 6,6( ?&7 D*', 8( *&+(87 ,..,8,4978'( 89 ,649*9=8 )7C73C(*<
89 94+.93, %+() )7:., :787),./ @93', 3(8@7*9(< 4,8'789786( 7. ,3'() ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 67
.(* C73C(* 3(8*'9'&'9;(* 67 *& +)7'78*9=8< > 7. J&7G 3(8*7);, ., @,3&.',6 67 ,+)739,).(*.
N( (A*',8'7< ,8'7 ., )7A7.6E, +)(37*,.< *&7.7 +)(6&39)*7 &8, .=:93, )76&339=8 67 ., ,3'9;96,6
+)(A,'()9, ?&7 67A7 67 67*+.7:,)*7 +() 7. ,3'() ( &8, .949',39=8 67 *& ,&'D8'93, 8,'&),.7G,
%., ,&*7839, +7)4,878'7 +&767 94+769)< +() 7B74+.(< ., 3(8@7*9=8 67. 674,86,6(< 7. 3('7B(
67 .7'),*< 7. )73(8(394978'( 67 @9)4,* ( C73C(*/. A ., ;7G< ., 98,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 67.
674,86,6( +&767 69@93&.',) ., +)7;9, 67. ,3'()< 67 ,CE ?&7 8( *7 +&76, *7) 7F37*9;,478'7
)9:&)(*( 78 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 .,* ,+()',6,* +() D*'7< +()?&7 ., @,.', 67 .(* C,A9'&,.7* 4769(*
+)(A,'()9(* *7 67A7 +)739*,478'7 , ., 983(4+,)737839, >W( , ., 98,3'9;96,6 67. 674,86,6(< >
7F9:9) .( 3(8'),)9( *&+(86)E, 3(8;7)'9) ., )7A7.6E, 8( *(.( 78 &8, 3=4(6, 67@78*, *98(
',4A9D8 78 &8, *9'&,39=8 67 +)9;9.7:9( +,), 7. .9'9:,8'7 )7A7.67< 3(8 @.,:),8'7 98@),339=8 67.
+)9839+9( 67 9:&,.6,6< +&7* ?&76,)E, ., 7@93,39, 67 ., +)&7A, 78 4,8(* 67. 674,86,6(
)7A7.67< 3(8 8('()9, 9867@78*9=8 67. ,3'().
L, +)&7A, 8( '9787 &8 3(837+'( &8E;(3(< +&69786( )7@7)9)*7L ',8'( , &8, $c'i,i%$% prc"!$#
67 67*,))(..( 67 .,* +)&7A,* 7F9*'78'7* 78 7. +)(37*( > 67 *&* 8()4,* )7:&.,6(),*< 3(4( ,.
r"!(#'$% %" %ic&$ $c'i,i%$% %> ,*E *7 C,A., 67 C73C(* +)(A,6(*/< 3(4( , &8 in!'r(/"n'
/"%i; , '),;D* 67. 3&,. *7 +)7'7867 3(8*7:&9) ., @98,.96,6 67. DF9'( 67 ., +)7'78*9=8
676&396, 78 7. +)(37*(. TD3893,478'7< ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 7* ., H,3'9;96,6 +)(37*,. 67 .,*
+,)'7* 783,498,6, , 3(8;7837) ,. J&7G 67 ., ;7),396,6 67 &8(* C73C(* ?&7 *7 ,@9)4,8
7F9*'78'7* 78 ., )7,.96,6I. E8 '(6( 3,*(< .,* 8()4,* 67 ., +)&7A, '97878 8,'&),.7G, +)(37*,. >
+() 7..( *(8 67 9&* 3(:78* 9869*+(89A.7* +() .,* +,)'7*.
E. (AB7'( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 8&83, 7* 7. 67)73C( > *974+)7 *7)58 .(* C73C(* ?&7
:&,)678 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., '&'7., B&6939,. ?&7 *7 +)7'786, (A'787) 78 7. +)(37*(. E..( *&+(87 ?&7
8( *(8 (AB7'( 67 67*,))(..( 67 ., +)&7A, .,* *9:&978'7* *9'&,39(87*L
1.JL(* C73C(* 8( 3(8')(;7)'96(*< *(A)7 .(* ?&7 7F9*', +.78, 3(8@()496,6 67 .,* +,)'7*< *,.;(
78 .(* 3,*(* 78 ?&7 ., 4,'7)9, (AB7'( 67. +)(37*( 7*'D @&7), 67. +(67) 67 69*+(*939=8 67 .(*
.9'9:,8'7*< ( 7. B&7G +)7*&4, 6(.( ( @),&67 +)(37*,.7*.
2.J L(* C73C(* 8('()9(* +() '),',)*7 67 .(* C73C(* ?&7 :(378 67 8('()976,6 ,A*(.&', >
:787),.. A)'. 235 CPC.
3.J L, 3(*'&4A)7 *9 .,* +,)'7* 7*'&;97*78 3(8@()47* 78 *& 7F9*'7839, > 3(8'7896( > *&*
8()4,* 8( ,@73',*78 ,. ()678 +KA.93(.
226
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
4.J P() *& +,)'7< 7. D7)73C( 7F'),8B7)( +(6)5 *7) ',4A9D8 (AB7'( 67 +)&7A,. E8 7*'7 3,*(<
67A7)5 *7) +)(A,6( 78 .( ?&7 )7*+73', , *& 3(8'7896( > ;9:7839,< +&69786( ;,.7)*7 7. ')9A&8,.
67 3&,8'(* 4769(* 67 ,;7)9:&,39=8 7*'947 8737*,)9(* +,), *& ,+.93,39=8
E. @98 K.'94( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 7* ., 674(*'),39=8 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67 C73C(
)7,.9G,6,* +() .,* +,)'7* 78 *&* ,3'(* ,.7:,'()9(* 3(4( @&86,478'( 67 *&* )7*+73'9;,*
+)7'78*9(87*. D7*67 7*', +7)*+73'9;,< > 3(4( )7:., :787),.< 7* 9869@7)78'7 3&5. 67 .(*
.9'9:,8'7* .(:)7 ., B&*'9@93,39=8 67 &8 C73C( (AB7'( 67 67A,'7 +)(37*,.. A 7*'( *7 )7@97)7 7.
678(498,6( principi %" R$%:(i!ici0n prc"!$#S; *7:K8 7. 3&,.L 7. 4,'7)9,. +)(A,'()9(
;,.(),A.7 +() 7. J&7G *7 3(4+(87 67 '(6( .( ,.7:,6( > +)(A,6( +() .,* 6(* +,)'7*< 67 ',.
4,87), ?&7 .,* ,.7:,39(87* 67 &8, +,)'7 ( .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 +),3'9?&7 +&7678 ,+)(;73C,)
',4A9D8 , ., 3(8'),)9,.
C&,86( 7. C73C( 7*'D ,3)769',6( 78 ,&'(*< 7* 9))7.7;,8'7 3&5. *7, ., +,)'7 ?&7 C,>,
*&4989*'),6( 7. 4,'7)9,. +)(A,'()9( 3(8 ',. 67 ?&7 7. =):,8( J&6939,. +&76, 7F'),7) > ;,.(),)
7. C73C( +)(3.,4,6(. S9 .(* C73C(* 7*'58 *&@93978'7478'7 ,3)769',6(* 78 ,&'(*< )7*&.',
9869@7)78'7 3&5. *7, ., +,)'7 ?&7 C,>, *&4989*'),6( 7. 4,'7)9,. 67 +)&7A,< 3(8 ',. 67 ?&7 7.
=):,8( 6739*() +&76, 7F'),7)< ;,.(),) > 3(83)7',) 7. C73C( +)(3.,4,6(. L( 67'7)498,8'7 7*
?&7 &8 C73C( ,+,)7G3, *&@93978'7478'7 674(*'),6(< +,), .( ?&7 8( ;9787 , *7) 6739*()9( *9 .,
,+()',39=8 +)(;9787 67. ,3'() ( 67. 674,86,6(< '(4586(*7 +,), 7..( 3&,8'(* 6,'(* (A)78 78
7. +)(37*( 3&,86( .(* C73C(* 673.,),6(* )7*+(8678 ,. 4,'7)9,. +)(A,'()9(< 69)73'( 7
9869)73'(< ;7)'96( 78 .,* ,3'&,39(87*< 8( 3,A7 *98( &8, ;,.(),39=8 67. 49*4(< 3(8 ,A*'),339=8
67 ?&978 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* .( C,>, ,+()',6(. L( K'9. +)(37*,.478'7< 7* ?&7 7. T)9A&8,. C,>,
+(696( @()4,) 7.7478'(* 67 B&939( ?&7 3(4+()'78 *& 3(8;9339=8 *9786( 98'),*378678'7 .,
+)(3767839, *&AB7'9;, 67. 98*')&478',. +)(A,'()9( ?&7 C,>, 3(8')9A&96( , 98'7:),) .,
3(8;9339=8 67. B&G:,6() +,), 7*',A.737) 7. T@,3'&4T 3(4( *&*'),'( 67. '74, .9'9:9(*(.
=T-4 L! &"c&! * #$ pr("1$-
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>, ?&7 7*'5* *7 78'97867 *(8 3(8(396,* +() 7. J&7G< %9&), 8(;9' 3&)9,/< *,.;( ., 7F37+39=8 67.
D7)73C( 7F'),8B7)(. P() H73C(* +(674(* 78'7867)< *&37*(* ,3,7396(* 78 ., )7,.96,6 ?&7
'97878 &8 7@73'( B&)E693( 78 7. +)(37*(. D(3')98,.478'7 *7 .7* 3(8(37 3(4( ,@9)4,39(87* 67
C73C(* ( ,@9)4,39(87* @53'93,*< > ., 37)'7G, +(*9'9;, ( 87:,'9;, 67 D*',* 7* 7. +)(+=*9'( 67 .,
,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9,.
J&)9*',* 3(4( Ec"andia, 3(8*967),8 ?&7 678')( 67 .(* C73C(* 7*'58 3(4+)78696(*L
1/ .(* *&37*(* ( ,3(8'7394978'(*< .(* C73C(* > .(* ,3'(* C&4,8(*< ;(.&8',)9(* (
98;(.&8',)9(*< 3(.73'9;(* ( 9869;96&,.7*< *&* 39)3&8*',839,* 78 '974+(< .&:,) > @73C,M
2/ '(6(* .(* C73C(* 67 ., 8,'&),.7G,< 78'7869D86(*7 ,?&7..(* 78 ?&7 ., ;(.&8',6 C&4,8, 8(
98'7);9787M
3/ 3&,.?&97) ,*+73'( 67 ., )7,.96,6 4,'7)9,.< %3(*,* & (AB7'(* 4,'7)9,.7* > .(* .&:,)7*/< *7,8 (
8( +)(6&3'(* 67. C(4A)7 ( *(A)7 7..(* C,>, 9839696( ( 8( ., ,3'9;96,6 C&4,8,M
4/ ., +)(+9, +7)*(8, C&4,8,< 78 .( ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , *& 7F9*'7839,< 3(86939(87* @E*93,*<
478',.7*< ,+'9'&67* > 3&,.96,67*M
5/ .(* 7*',6(* +*E?&93(* ( 98'7)8(* 67. *7) C&4,8(< ,&8?&7 8( '78:,8 4,'7)9,.96,6 +() *E<
+7)( *E '97878 78'96,6 +)(+9,< > 3(4( 7. 67)73C( (AB7'9;( .(* 3(8'74+., , ;737* 78 ',8'( ?&7
227
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)7*&+&7*'(* 67 3(8*73&7839,* B&)E693,*< C,8 67 +(67) *7) (AB7'( 67 +)&7A,. %M(8'7)(
Aroca/L, )7:., :787),. 7* ?&7 ., +)&7A, 67A7 )73,7) *(A)7 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67 C73C(*
3(8')(;7)'96(*< .( 3&,. *9:89@93, *& +7)'987839,< 3(4( *7 7F+)7*, 78 7. ,)'E3&.( 230.2 CPC.
@-4 L! (!! * #$ pr("1$-
T,4A9D8 *7 8(* 6937 ?&7 .(* &*(* > ., 3(*'&4A)7 *(8 (AB7'( 67 +)&7A,
,/ L(* &*(*. N&7*')( .7:9*.,6() C, 3(8'74+.,6( ?&7 .(* &*(* +&7678 *7) (AB7'( 67 +)&7A,.
E8'7867)74(* +() &*( ., +)53'93,< 7*'9.( ( 4(6( 67 (A),) 3(.73'9;( ( :787),.9G,6( ?&7 *7 C,
98')(6&396( 94+7)37+'9A.7478'7 > C, ,6?&9)96( @&7)G, 67 .7>< ,.:( ,*E 3(4( &8 4(6( 67
+)(3767)< 3(8*'9'&>786( &8 7.7478'( 67 ., 3(*'&4A)7. D9*'98'( , ., 3(*'&4A)7< 7. &*( *7
3(839A7 3(4( 7. ,*+73'( 4,'7)9,. 67 ., 3(*'&4A)7< 3(4( ., 7B73&39=8 67 .(* ,3'(*< )79'7),6(*M
4978'),* ?&7 ., 98'7839=8 B&)E693, 7* 7. 7.7478'( 7*+9)9'&,. ?&7 ., 3(*'&4A)7 ,+()',.
%C,A,87..,*/M >
A/ 78 3&,8'( , ., 3(*'&4A)7< 3&,86( ., .7> *7 )749'7 , 7..,M L, +)&7A, 67 ., 3(*'&4A)7 8(
*7)5 8737*,)9, *9 .,* +,)'7* 7*'58 3(8@()47* 78 *& 7F9*'7839, > 3(8'7896( > *&* 8()4,* 8(
,@73',*78 ,. ()678 +KA.93(M ., 3(8@()496,6 *(A)7 ., 7F9*'7839, > 3(8'7896( 67 &8, 3(*'&4A)7
*7 7;967839, 3&,86( .,* +,)'7* 78 3(8@.93'( ,@9)4,8 &8 49*4( C73C(< ( A978< 3&,86( ,.
,@9)4,) &8, 67 .,* +,)'7* &8, 3(*'&4A)7< ., ('), .( ,649'7. P7)( X?&D +,*, *9 &8, 67'7)498,6,
3(*'&4A)7 7* '(',.478'7 3(8(396, +() 7. B&G:,6()< > .,* +,)'7* +)(+(878 4769(* 67 +)&7A,
+,), 3(4+)(A,) *& 7F9*'7839,Y A. +,)737) 7*',)E,4(* ,8'7 &8, +)&7A, 98K'9.< 78 ;9*', 67 ?&7
7. B&7G >, ., 3(8(37.
E8 3&,8'( ,. 67)73C( 7F'),8B7)(< 7. L7:9*.,6() C, ?&7)96( @,3&.',) ,. J&G:,6() +,), ?&7 +()
3&,8'(* 4769(* 67 ,;7)9:&,39=8 +(*9A.7*< ;7)9@9?&7 *& 3(8'7896( > ;9:7839,< .( ,8'7)9() 8(
,8&., 7. 67)73C( ?&7 '97878 .,* +,)'7* 78 ,3)769',) 693C(* 7F')74(* +() .(* 69@7)78'7* 4769(*
67 +)&7A, ,649'96(* %;E, 6(3&478',./.

ART5CULO 8=B-4 EMENCIÓN DE LA PRUEBA
3- E!'>n "?"n'! %" pr("1$ #! &"c&! n cn'r,"r'i%!; !1r" #! :(" "?i!'$ p#"n$
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Co)etario*
L(* C73C(* 8( 3(8')(;7)'96(* ',4A9D8 *7 .7* 678(498,8 C73C(* ,649'96(*< 78'7869D86(*7
+() ',.7*LI ,?&7..(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* +() &8, +,)'7 > ,649'96(* +() ., 3(8'),)9,I. E*'(*
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78 A,*7 ,. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7< *9786( ?&7 D*',* @9B,)58 .(* C73C(*. N='7*7 ?&7 7.
L7:9*.,6() *7-,., ?&7 7*'58 7F78'(* 67 +)&7A, .(* C73C(*< ?&76,86( +() @&7), .,* 8()4,*
22"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
B&)E693,*< *,.;( 3,*(* 3(83)7'(*< 3(4( 7. 67)73C( 7F'),8B7)( )7*+73'( , *& 3(8'7896( >
;9:7839,. L, ),G=8 +() ., 3&,. *7 67B, +() @&7), .,* 8()4,* B&)E693,* 7* +)739*,478'7 +()
3(8*967),) 7. +)9839+9( 9&), 8(;9' 3&)9,.
L, 3(8@()496,6 67 .,* +,)'7* +&767 6,)*7 78 6(* *78'96(*L 1/ 3&,86( ,4A,* +,)'7* ,649'78 (
,@9)4,8 ., 7F9*'7839, ( 987F9*'7839, 67 &8 49*4( C73C(< =< 2/ 3&,86( *=.( &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*
,@9)4, ., 7F9*'7839, ( 987F9*'7839, 67 &8 C73C( > ., 3(8'),+,)'7 .( ,649'7. P7)( +(6)E, *&):9)
?&7 , +7*,) 67 *7) ,649'96( &8 C73C(< '789D86(.( +() 7F9*'78'7 > 8( 8737*9',) +)&7A,< &8, 67
.,* +,)'7* +)(+(8:, ,.:K8 4769( +)(A,'()9(< .( ?&7 3(86&39)E, ,. B&7G ( ')9A&8,. , )73C,G,).(<
78 A,*7 , 7*, 3(8@()496,6 4,89@7*',6,.
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C73C(* ,649'96(*< >< 2/ .(* C73C(* )73(8(396(* %,8'7)9()478'7 3(8(396(* 3(4(
3(8@7*9=8/.L(* +)947)(* *7 ()9:98,8 67 &8, ,3'9;96,6 7*+(8'587, 67 ., +,)'7< 67 @()4, .9A)7<
> *7 +)(6&378 78 7. +7)E(6( ,.7:,'()9(< 78 7. 4(478'( 67 3(8'7*',) ., 674,86,< 3(8'7*',) .,
)73(8;7839=8 ( ., ,&697839, +)7;9,< *9786( *& 7@73'( 6(498,8'7 7F3.&9) 67 ., 8737*96,6 67 .,
+)&7A,MM 4978'),* ?&7 .(* *7:&86(*< *(8 +)(;(3,6(* 67 &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, ?&7 +)(+(87 .,
+,)'7 3(8'),)9,< *7 +)(6&37 78 7. +7)E(6( +)(A,'()9(< 7. )73(8(394978'( 67. C73C( +&767
)7*&.',) 67 &8 98'7))(:,'()9(< 3(4( 4769( 67 +)&7A,< *&B7'( , ., ;,.(),39=8 67. B&7G (
')9A&8,.. E. )73(8(394978'( 67 &8 C73C( *7 )7,.9G, +7)*(8,.478'7 +() ., +,)'7 , '),;D* 67 &8
4769( 67 +)&7A,.
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67 ;,.(),39=8 +() 7. B&7G ( ')9A&8,.< 3(8'),)9,478'7 , .( ?&7 *&3767 3&,86( *7 )73(8(37 &8
C73C(< >, ?&7 *E 67A7 +)7*',)*7 B&),478'( A,B( 397)'(* )7?&9*9'(* > *974+)7 7*', *&B7', ,
)7:.,* 67 ;,.(),39=8 67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,..
P() )7:., :787),. *7 7*',)5 7F78'( 67 +)&7A, 3&,86( .,* +,)'7* '78:,8 +.78, 3(8@()496,6 67
.(* C73C(* 8( 3(8')(;7)'96(*< 7F37+'( 78 .(* +)(37*(* 8( 69*+(*9'9;(*< >, ?&7 693C,
3(8@()496,6 78')7 .,* +,)'7* 8( ;983&., ,. B&7G< 89 .( (A.9:, , )7*(.;7) ,8'7 ',. 39)3&8*',839, (
,8'7 7. *9.7839( ( )7*+&7*',* 7;,*9;,* *(A)7 .(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* +() ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,.
T,4+(3( *7 *&B7',)5 7. B&7G ,8'7 ',. 3(8@()496,6 78')7 .,* +,)'7* 3&,86( +&697), C,A7) 6(.(
( @),&67 +)(37*,.. E8'7867)74(* +() C73C(* 8('()9(*< ,?&7..(* ?&7 +() +7)'78737) , ., ;96,
69,)9,< 397839,< C9*'()9, ( 3(47)39( *(39,.< *(8 3(8(396(* > '7896(* 3(4( 397)'(* +() &8
3E)3&.( 3(8*967),A.7 67 +7)*(8,*< %54A9'( *(39,./< 78 7. '974+( 78 7. ?&7 *7 +)(6&37 .,
6739*9=8 B&6939,.. S98 74A,):(< ',. > 3(4( 8&7*')( L7:9*.,6() 78'7869= 7*', +,)'93&.,)96,6
*(A)7 .(* C73C(* , +)(A,)< 7*',A.739= ?&7 .(* 49*4(* :(378 67 8('()976,6 ,A*(.&', > :787),.<
3(86939(87* 69@E39.7* 67 4,8'787)< >, ?&7 &8 C73C( +&767 *7) 8('()9( )7*+73'( , &8 54A9'(
:7(:)5@93( 67'7)498,6(< ( ,8'7 +7)*(8,* 3(8 :),6( 67 3&.'&), 4769( %B&7G/. C&,86(
7*',A.737 ?&7 *7, 8('()976,6 ,A*(.&',< X+)7'7867)5 7. A*,4A.7E*', ?&7 7*7 C73C( '78:, ?&7
*7) 3(8(396( +() '(6(* .(* C,A9',8'7* 67 H(86&),*Y H,A)5 ?&7 69*'98:&9) 78')7 8('()976,6
,A*(.&', > :787),.< >, ?&7 ., 8('()976,6 +&767 *7) &89;7)*,.< 8,39(8,.< )7:9(8,.< .(3,.<
'74+(),. > +()?&7 8( 6739).(< ',4A9D8 78 7. 54A9'( B&6939,.< 3&,86( 7. B&G:,6() +() ),G=8 67
*& ,3'9;96,6 +)(@7*9(8,. 3(8(37 67 C73C(* 78 +)(37*(* ,8'7)9()7* 678')( 67 *& 7*@7),
B&)9*69339(8,.. P7)( *7)5 ., J&)9*+)&67839, 67. S&+)74( T)9A&8,. 67 J&*'939,< ., ?&7 9)5
,3.,),86( > 67@989786( 7. 'D)498( 67 H8('()976,6I< ,*E 3(4( 7. 'D)498( 67 H:787),.I< > 67
783(8'),) 69@7)7839,* ',4A9D8 9)5 7*',A.739D86(.,*. S98 74A,):( 78 *9'&,39(87* 67 3,.,496,6
( 67*,*')7 +KA.93(< 3(4( 7. 3,*( 67. C&),358 M,'3C< @539.478'7 *7 3(8@9:&),8 .(*
22$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
+)7*&+&7*'(* +,), 7*',A.737) &8 C73C( 8('()9( ,A*(.&',478'7 > 67 3,)53'7) :787),.< ?&7 +,),
.(* 7@73'(* 67 &8 +)(37*( 8( *7)5 8737*,)9( +)(A,).(< > ?&7 78 3,*( 67 &8 983&4+.94978'( 67
(A.9:,39(87*< .( ?&7 *7 +)(A,)5 *7)58 (')(* 7F')74(*.
ART5CULO 8=C-4 INADMISION DE PRUEBAS-
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CPC.
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7. 67*,))(..( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 678')( 67. +)(37*(< +&7* 67 ., 6739*9=8 B&6939,. 67
,649'9) ( 67 7F3.&9) &8, +)&7A,< > 67 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 *& +7)'987839, > 67 *& ,673&,39=8 ,.
+)(37*(< 67+7867 7. DF9'( 67 ., +)7'78*9=8 +)(37*,. 7B7)39',6, +() ., +,)'7 +)(+(878'7 67 &8
67'7)498,6( 4769( 67 +)&7A,.
A '),;D* 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, .,* +,)'7* ,3)769',8 .(* C73C(* ,.7:,6(* > 3(8')(;7)'96(*<
3(8;78378 ,. B&7G *(A)7 , 3&5. 67 7..,* ,*9*'7 ., ),G=8 > 3(8')9A&>78 , @&86,478',) .,*
6739*9(87* 67 @(86(. E..( *&+(87 ?&7 7. B&7G 67A7 67 3(8(37) 4&> A978 ., 3,&*, +,), ;,.(),)
.,* +)&7A,* ?&7 *(8 8737*,)9,* 78 ()678 , @()4,) *& 3(8;9339=8< > 67A7 67 *7) 7*+739,.478'7
3,&'7.(*( +,), ,8,.9G,) 3(8 +)&67839, 7. 4,'7)9,. +)(A,'()9( ,+()',6( > *(.939',6( +() .,*
+,)'7*< ',8'( +,), 7;9',) )7*')98:9) 7. 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 67 .,* +,)'7* 98,649'9786( +)&7A,*
?&7 +&697),8 3(86&39) , ., ,3)769',39=8 67 C73C(* )7.7;,8'7* 98693,6(* 78 .(* 7*3)9'(* 67
674,86, > 67 3(8'7*',39=8< 3(4( +,), 7;9',) +)(37*(* 98'7)498,A.7* ( 3(8 +)&7A,*
988737*,)9,* 7 98K'9.7* ( *(.( 3(.,'7),.478'7 8737*,)9,* ,. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(. E* @&86,478',.
?&7 7. J&7G C,>, 7F,498,6( 3(8 67',..7 ,8'7* 67 .,* ,&697839,* 67 +)&7A,L 7. 3(8'7896( 67.
+)(37*(< 7. (AB7'( 67 ., 674,86, > 67 ., 3(8'7*',39=8< .,* +)7'78*9(87* 67 .,* +,)'7* > .(
*&+.93,6(< +&7* *(.( 67 7*, @()4, +&767 67'7)498,) 3(8 ,397)'( .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 *(8 +)739*,*
+,), 3(8*7:&9) ., ,673&,6, > B&*', )7*(.&39=8 B&6939,. 67. +)(37*(.
E. B&7G ( ')9A&8,. 67A7 7*',) 3(8;78396( 67 ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 +)(+(878 .,* +,)'7* 8(
.7*9(8,8 .(* 67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* 7*',A.7396(* 78 8&7*'), C,)', M,:8,< C(8;789(* (
230
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
T),',6(* I8'7)8,39(8,.7*< >< 67 9678'9@93,) 693C, 98@),339=8 8( +(6)5 ,3()6,) ., +)53'93, 67
4769(* 67 +)&7A, ?&7 .949'7 7*(* 67)73C(* @&86,478',.7*< ., 673.,),)5 98,649*9A.7. L(*
67)73C(* @&86,478',.7* *7 783&78'),8 78 &8, +(*939=8 67 *&+)74,3E, 78 7. ()678,4978'(
B&)E693( > , ., ;7G '97878 &8, 3(86939=8 67 98;9(.,A.7*< +() .( ',8'(< 3&,.?&97) ,3'( ?&7
*&+(8:, C,A7).( ;&.87),6(< 7* 8&.(. I:&,.478'7< *7)5 98,649*9A.7 ., +)&7A, ?&7 8( :&,)67
)7.,39=8 3(8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 67A9786( 7. B&7G ( ')9A&8,. 673.,),)., 94+7)'9878'7. E8
()678 , 3.,)9@93,) ., 94+()',8'7 3&7*'9=8 67 ., +)&7A, +7)'9878'7 +)(3767 )7,.9G,) .,*
*9:&978'7* 3(8*967),39(87*L
• S7 78'97867 ?&7 &8, +)&7A, 7* +7)'9878'7 3&,86( *7 +)7'7867 ,3)769',) , '),;D* 67
7.., &8 C73C( ?&7 '9787 ?&7 ;7) 3(8 7. +)(37*(< 7* 6739)< ?&7 *7, )7.7;,8'7 +,), 7.
+)(37*( 7 98@.&>, 78 ., 6739*9=8 B&6939,.< 7* 6739)< 7. TC74, D73967869.
• C(8'),)9( 78'(837*< *7)5 &8, +)&7A, 94+7)'9878'7 3&,86( .( ?&7 *7 +)7'7867
674(*'),) *7,8 C73C(* 7F78'(* 67 +)&7A,< .(* ,649'96(* +() .,* +,)'7*< .(* 8('()9(*<
.(* 8( ,.7:,6(* +() .(* .9'9:,8'7*. S7)5 8737*,)9( ?&7 78 ., +)53'93, .(* B&737* >
')9A&8,.7* ,8'7 &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, ?&7 .7 '),9:, 6&6, *(A)7 *& 94+7)'987839,< .7 6D
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@98,.96,6 ?&7 +)7'7867 3(8 693C, +)&7A,< 7..( '),7)5 *98 6&6, 7;9',) ., ;9(.,39=8 ,.
67)73C( 67 67@78*,< :,),8'9G,6( +() 8&7*'), C(8*'9'&39=8 > C(8;789(*
I8'7)8,39(8,.7*< ,3'&,) 3(8 3,&'7., *7)E, ., 3(86&3', 45* )73(4786,A.7< 78 '(6(
3,*(< *7 )7?&7)9)5 &8, 4('9;,39=8 ),G(8,6, ,. 4(478'( 67 ,649'9) ( 98,649'9) &8,
+)&7A, +)(+&7*',.
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• L,* +)&7A,* 98K'9.7* ',4A9D8 *7 3(8*967),8 98,649*9A.7*< 78 A,*7 , ?&7 8&83,
3(8')9A&9)58 ,. B&G:,6() , 7*3.,)737) .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(* +() .,* +,)'7*. L,
98&'9.96,6 67 &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, *7 )7@97)7 , ., 98,673&,39=8 67 7*7 4769( )7*+73'(
,. @98 ?&7 *7 +7)*9:&7 ( C73C( ?&7 *7 +)7'7867 +)(A,)< ,*E '7874(* ?&7< 3&,86( *7
+)(+(87 &8, +)&7A, '7*'9@93,. +,), &8, +7)*(8, *98 '787) ., 3,.9@93,39=8 'D3893,
)7?&7)96, 749', &8 B&939( > 8( &8, 47), 673.,),39=8< = 3&,86( , '),;D* 67 &8,
+)&7A, +7)939,.< *7 +)7'786, ?&7 &8 B&)9*', 98@()47 ,. J&7G *(A)7 ., 3())73',
98'7)+)7',39=8 67 &8, 8()4, B&)E693,.
L, 98,649*9=8 67 4769(* 67 +)&7A, 7* )73&))9A.7 4769,8'7 )7+(*939=8 (),.478'7< 67A9786(
)7*(.;7)*7 78 7. ,3'(< 67 *7) 6787:,'()9( 7. )73&)*( 98'7)+&7*'(< ., +,)'7 ?&7 *7 3(8*967)7
+7)B&693,6, @()4&.,)5 +)('7*', +,), 7@73'( 67 C,37) ;,.7) *&* 67)73C(* 78 7. )73&)*( 67
,+7.,39=8 3(8'), ., *78'7839,. E8 '(6( 3,*( *9 ., 98,649*9=8 7* 3(8*78'96, +() ., +,)'7
+)(+(878'7< > 8( C,37 &*( 67 .(* )73&)*(* .7:,.7*< 8( +(6)5 *(.939',).( 78 *7:&86, 98*',839,
89 ,.7:,) 9867@78*9=8.
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+,)547')(* 7*7839,.7*< ?&7 67)9;,8 67 .(* *9:&978'7* 6,'(*L ?&7 *7, &8,* +)&7A,* ?&7 :&,)678
)7.,39=8 3(8 7. (AB7'( 67. +)(37*(< 7* 6739) ?&7 *7, +7)'9878'7 %H?&,7 ,6 (A973'&4 8(8
+7)'9878'I/< ?&7 *7 '),'7 67 &8, +)&7A, ?&7 3(8')9A&>, , 7*3.,)737) .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(*<
7* 6739) ?&7 *7, K'9.< > ?&7 *7 '),'7< 78 '(6( 3,*(< 67 &8, +)&7A, .E39', 78 *& (A'7839=8 >
231
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,+()',39=8 ,. ')9A&8,.. S(A)7 ., 3(83)739=8 > 7. ,.3,837 67 7*'7 3(837+'( +&7678 *7-,.,)*7 .(*
),*:(* 3,),3'7)9G,6()7* *9:&978'7*L
,/ E*'7 67)73C( 7* &8 67)73C( @&86,478',. 67 3(8@9:&),39=8 .7:,.< 78 ., 67.949',39=8 67
3&>( 3(8'7896( 3(8*'9'&39(8,.478'7 +)('7:96( 3(,6>&;, 67 4,87), ,3'9;, 7. .7:9*.,6()< 78
+,)'93&.,) ,. 7*',A.737) .,* 8()4,* )7:&.,6(),* 67 3,6, 3(83)7'( ()678 B&)9*69339(8,.< , 3&>,*
67'7)498,39(87* C,A)5 67 ,3(4(6,)*7 7. 7B7)3939( 67 7*'7 67)73C(< 67 ',. 4(6( ?&7< +,),
78'7867).( .7*9(8,6(< *7)5 +)739*( ?&7 ., +)&7A, 8( ,649'96, ( 8( +),3'93,6, *7 C,>,
*(.939',6( 78 ., @()4, > 4(478'( .7:,.478'7 7*',A.7396(*< *98 ?&7 78 898:K8 3,*( +&76,
3(8*967),)*7 478(*3,A,6( 7*'7 67)73C( 3&,86( ., 98,649*9=8 67 &8, +)&7A, *7 C,>,
+)(6&396( 67A96,478'7 78 ,+.93,39=8 7*')93', 67 .,* 8()4,* .7:,.7* 3&>, .7:9'9496,6
3(8*'9'&39(8,. 8( +&76, +(87)*7 78 6&6,.

A/ E*'7 67)73C( 8( '9787< 78 '(6( 3,*(< 3,)53'7) ,A*(.&'( (< 7F+)7*,6( 78 (')(* 'D)498(*< 8(
@,3&.', +,), 7F9:9) ., ,649*9=8 67 '(6,* .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 +&76,8 +)(+(87) .,* +,)'7* 78 7.
+)(37*(< *98( ?&7 ,')9A&>7 K893,478'7 7. 67)73C( , ., )737+39=8 > +)53'93, 67 ,?&D..,* ?&7
*7,8 +7)'9878'7*< 3())7*+(869786( , .(* =):,8(* B&6939,.7* 7. 7F,478 *(A)7 ., .7:,.96,6 >
+7)'987839, 67 .,* +)&7A,* *(.939',6,*< 67A9786( 4('9;,) ),G(8,A.7478'7 ., 6787:,39=8 67 .,*
+)&7A,* +)(+&7*',*< 67 4(6( ?&7 +&767 )7*&.',) ;&.87),6( 7*'7 67)73C( 78 3,*( 67
6787:,39=8 ( 987B73&39=8 94+&',A.7* ,. =):,8( B&6939,. 3&,86( *7 98,649'78 ( 987B73&',8
+)&7A,* )7.7;,8'7* +,), ., )7*(.&39=8 @98,. 67. ,*&8'( .9'9:9(*( *98 4('9;,39=8 ,.:&8, (
4769,8'7 &8, 98'7)+)7',39=8 67 ., .7:,.96,6 4,89@97*',478'7 ,)A9'),)9, ( 9)),G(8,A.7.
3/ E* ',4A9D8 6(3')98, ., 67 ?&7 8( '(6, 9))7:&.,)96,6 & (49*9=8 +)(37*,. 78 4,'7)9, 67
+)&7A, %)7@7)96, , *& ,649*9=8< , *& +)53'93,< , *& ;,.(),39=8< 7'3./ 3,&*, +() *E 49*4,
9867@78*9=8 4,'7)9,. 3(8*'9'&39(8,.478'7 )7.7;,8'7. Z893,478'7 *7 +)(6&37 9867@78*9=8 78
,?&7..(* *&+&7*'(* 78 .(* ?&7 ., +)&7A, 7* 6739*9;, 78 'D)498(* 67 67@78*,< +&7*'( ?&7< 67
C,A7)*7 +),3'93,6( ., +)&7A, (49'96,< ( *9 *7 C&A97*7 +),3'93,6( 3())73',478'7 ., ,649'96,< .,
)7*(.&39=8 @98,. 67. +)(37*( C&A97), +(696( *7) 69*'98', 78 7. *78'96( 67 *7) @,;(),A.7 , ?&978
678&839, ., 98@),339=8 67. 67)73C( @&86,478',.. E8 3(83)7'(< +,), ?&7 *7 +)(6&G3, ;9(.,39=8
67. 98693,6( 67)73C( @&86,478',.< 7*'7 T)9A&8,. C, 7F9:96( )79'7),6,478'7 ?&7 3(83&)),8
6(* 39)3&8*',839,*L 1/ L, 6787:,39=8 ( 987B73&39=8 C,8 67 *7) 94+&',A.7* ,. =):,8(
B&6939,..2/ L, +)&7A, 6787:,6, ( 94+),3'93,6, C, 67 *7) 6739*9;, 78 'D)498(* 67 67@78*,<
67A9786( B&*'9@93,) 7. )73&))78'7 78 *& 674,86, ., 9867@78*9=8 *&@)96,. E*', K.'94, 7F9:7839,
67 ,3)769',39=8 67 ., )7.7;,839, 67 ., +)&7A, 6787:,6, *7 +)(>73',< *7:K8 8&7*'),
B&)9*+)&67839,< ',4A9D8 78 &8 6(A.7 +.,8(L +() &8 .,6(< 7. )73&))78'7 C, 67 674(*'),) .,
)7.,39=8 78')7 .(* C73C(* ?&7 *7 ?&9*97)(8 > 8( *7 +&697)(8 +)(A,) > .,* +)&7A,* 98,649'96,*
( 8( +),3'93,6,*M >< +() (')( .,6(< C, 67 ,):&478',) 7. 4(6( 78 ?&7 ., ,649*9=8 > ., +)53'93,
67 ., +)&7A, (AB7'( 67 ., 3(8')(;7)*9, C,A)E,8 +(696( '787) &8, 983967839, @,;(),A.7 , .,
7*'94,39=8 67 *&* +)7'78*9(87*M *=.( 78 ',. 3,*( J3(4+)(A,6( ?&7 7. @,..( 67. +)(37*( , ?&(
+&6(< ',. ;7G< C,A7) *96( (')( *9 ., +)&7A, *7 C&A97), +),3'93,6(J +(6)5 ,+)739,)*7 ',4A9D8 7.
478(*3,A( 7@73'9;( 67. 67)73C( 67 ?&978 +() 7*'7 4('9;( *(.939', 7. ,4+,)( 3(8*'9'&39(8,..
232
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 8=E-4 PRUEBA PROHIBIDA
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Co)etario*
E* +)&7A, +)(C9A96, ( 9.E39',< 3&,86( ,.:&8, +,)'7 78'78697), ?&7 78 ., (A'7839=8 & ()9:78 67
,.:&8, +)&7A, ,649'96, *7 C,8 ;&.87),6( .,* :,),8'E,* +)(37*,.7* @&86,478',.7*< C,A)5 67
,.7:,).( 67 984769,'(< 3(8 '),*.,6(< 78 *& 3,*(< , .,* 6745* +,)'7*. I:&,.478'7 67 (@939(
+(6)5 7. ')9A&8,. )7*(.;7) 78 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,< 78 .(* +)(37*(* ()698,)9(*M > ,8'7* 67
74+7G,) ., ,&697839, 78 .(* +)(37*(* ,A)7;9,6(*. S7 )7*(.;7)5 +() ,&'(.
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473,89*4( 67 678&839, 67 7*'7 '9+( 67 +)&7A,* > +() 4769( 67 ., 984769,', )7*(.&39=8
B&6939,.. P() 7..(< ',8'( 3&,86( 67 (@939( +() 7. B&7G ( +() ,.:&8, 67 .,* +,)'7* 78'78697), ?&7
78 ., (A'7839=8 & ()9:78 67 ,.:&8, +)&7A, ,649'96, *7 C,8 ;&.87),6( .,* :,),8'E,* +)(37*,.7*
@&86,478',.7*< C,A)5 67 ,.7:,).( 67 984769,'(. L, 7.9498,39=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* 9.E39',* >
+)(C9A96,* 67. +)(37*(< *7 )7,.9G,)5 3(8 3(8'),69339=8 > 4769,8'7 '),*.,6(< 78 *& 3,*(< , .,*
6745* +,)'7*< > *7 )7*(.;7)5 78 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9, 67. B&939( ()698,)9(< > *9 *7 '),',*7 67
233
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
B&939(* ,A)7;9,6(*< ,. 3(4978G( 67 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, 78 ., ,&697839,< 4769,8'7 ,&'(. A
',. 7@73'( *7 (9)5 , .,* +,)'7* >< 78 *& 3,*(< *7 +),3'93,)58 .,* +)&7A,* +7)'9878'7* > K'9.7* ?&7
*7 +)(+(8:,8 78 7. ,3'( *(A)7 7. 3(83)7'( 7F')74( 67 ., 9.939'&6. C(8'), 7. ,&'( ?&7 )7*&7.;7
., 7F3.&*9=8 ( ., ,649*9=8 67 ,.:&8, +)&7A, ',3C,6, 98939,.478'7 67 +)(C9A96, ( 67 9.E39',<
*=.( 3,A)5 +769) 67 984769,'( ,. ')9A&8,. (),.478'7 *& )73'9@93,39=8 >< *9 7..( @&7), 6787:,6(<
*7 +(6)5 98'7)+(87) )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 B&8'( 3(8 7. ?&7 *7 +.,8'77 3(8'), ., *78'7839,
67@989'9;,< +)7;9, +)('7*',.
CAP5TULO II
CARGA DE LA PRUEBA

ART5CULO 8=F-4 DISTRIBUCION-
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Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 5< 11< 447< 463< 467< 517< 51"< 542< 577< 5"$< CPC
Co)etario*
D7*67 ,8'9:&( ,3(*'&4A), , ,3&69)*7 , 397)',* )7:.,* ?&7 ,'978678 ,. 3,)53'7) ,@9)4,'9;( (
87:,'9;( 67. C73C( 8737*9',6( 67 +)&7A,. A*E 78 7. D7)73C( R(4,8( *7 ,3&-,)(8 .(*
A)(3,)6(*L _E9 983&4A9' +)(A,'9( ?&9 6939' 8(8 ?&9 87:,'` _N737**9',* +)(A,869 983&4A9' 79
?&9 ,:9'`M _(8&* +)(A,86( 983&4A9' ,3'()9` _P7) )7)&4 8,'&),4 T@,3'&4T 87:,8'9* +)(A,'9(
8&.., 7*'`M _)7&* 98 7F39+9786( @9' ,3'()` ( _87:,'9;, 8(8 *&8' +)(A,86,`
234
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
D7+7869786( 67 .(* C73C(* *&B7'(* , +)&7A, 67+7867)5 *9 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 3())7*+(867
,. ,3'() ( ,. 674,86,6(. D7 C73C( *7 3(8*967),8 ,37+',6,* 3&,')( 3,'7:()E,* ,. )7*+73'(L 1/
C73C(* 3(8*'9'&'9;(*< 2/ C73C(* 94+769'9;(*< 3/ C73C(* 7F'98'9;(* > 4/ C73C(* 7F3.&>78'7*M ,.
,3'() .7 3())7*+(867)5 ,.7:,) > +)(A,) ., 7@73'9;, 7F9*'7839, 67 .(* C73C(* 3(8*'9'&'9;(*< 7*
6739)< , .(* C73C(* ?&7 @&86,8 *& 67)73C( , ., '&'7., *(.939',6,.
C(8'),)9,478'7< ,. 674,86,6( 3())7*+(867)5 +)(A,) 7. C73C( 7F'98'9;( 67 ., ,339=8< .,
3,837.,39=8 ( )7*(.&39=8 67 ., )7.,39=8 3(8'),3'&,. 3(8*'9'&96, 3(8 7. +)7'78696( )7*+(8*,A.7.
P&767 6,)*7 7. 3,*( ',4A9D8 67 ?&7 7. 674,86,6( 8( *(.,478'7 *7 .949'7 , 87:,) .(* C73C(*
?&7 .7 )73.,4, 7. ,3'()< *98( ?&7 ',4A9D8 ,.7:, (')(*< 78 ',. *9'&,39=8 67A7)5 7. 674,86,6(
+)(A,).(*< , @98 67 94+769)< 7F'98:&9) ( ?&9',) ., @&7)G, ,. 7@73'( B&)E693( )73.,4,6( 78 .,
674,86,. C(4( )7:., :787),. +(674(* +&8'&,.9G,) ?&7 3())7*+(867 ,. 674,86,6( > ,3'()
)73(8;7896( ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A,< )7*+73'( , .(* C73C(* ?&7 94+96,8< 7F'98:,8 ( 7F3.&>,8 .,
7@93,39, B&)E693,. A8'7 .( ,8'7)9()< *7 +)7*78',8 7F37+39(87*< ',.7* 3(4(L
1/ E8 .(* +)(37*(* *(A)7 3(4+7'7839, 67*.7,.< 6(867 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 3())7*+(867 ,.
674,86,6(< )7*+73'( , ., 7F,3'9'&6 > ;7),396,6 67 .,* 98693,39(87* > 4,89@7*',39(87*
)7,.9G,6,* > 67 .(* 6,'(* 4,'7)9,.7* ?&7 ., +&A.9396,6 7F+)7*7 %,3'(* ?&7 6789:),8 , +7)*(8,*<
,3'(* 67 78:,-(< ( 67 3(4+,),39=8M E8 .(* +)(37*(* 67 +&A.9396,6 9.E39', ., 3,):, 67 .,
+)&7A, 3())7*+(867 ,. 674,86,6(M
2/ E8 .(* 3,*(* 67 +)7'78*9(87* 3(.73'9;,*< 983&4A7 , ., +,)'7 ?&7 +(*7, 3(8(394978'(*
3978'E@93(*< 'D3893(* ( 98@()4,39(87* 7*+73E@93,* *(A)7 .(* C73C(* ( 4,>() @,39.96,6 +,), *&
674(*'),39=8M *98 74A,):(< *9 , ., +,)'7 ?&7 .7 3())7*+(867 ., 3,):, +)(A,'()9,< 8( ,+()', .(*
7.7478'(* 8737*,)9(* +,), ?&7 7. B&7G (A'78:, ., 98@()4,39=8 +)739*,< D*'7 +(6)5 *&+.9) ',.
67@9397839, , '),;D* 67 &8, +7)939, 7*+73E@93, , 78'96,67* +KA.93,*. E8 7*', 4,'7)9,< 7. B&7G
+&767 983.&*( 4769,8'7 6739*9=8 @&86,6,< ()678,) &8, 69*')9A&39=8 67 ., 3,):, 69*'98', , .,
.7:,.478'7 +)7;9*',.
S7 94+(87 )73()6,)< 78 +)947) 'D)498(< ?&7 , +)(+=*9'( 67 ., 69*')9A&39=8 +)(A,'()9,< .,
6(3')98, 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, _T(8&* +)(A,869T` '9787 3(4( @98,.96,6 +)9()9',)9, 7
984769,', 67'7)498,) , 3&5. 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* C, 67 +7)B&693,) ., @,.', 67 +)&7A, 67 &8 C73C(
)7.7;,8'7 +,), ., 6739*9=8 67. +)(37*(. S(.,478'7 C, 67 ,3&69)*7 , 7..,< +&7*< 3&,86( +()
7F9*'9) ,@9)4,39(87* *(A)7 C73C(* ?&7 8( )7*&.'78 ..,8,478'7 ,649'96,*< +)739*,8 67 .,
,3'9;96,6 ()678,6, , @()4,) ., 3(8;9339=8 67. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,.< > 67 3&>( )7*&.',6( D*',
8( ,+,)7G3, 674(*'),6,. O'), 3(*, 7* ?&7 +,), 67'7)498,) 3&5. 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* C,>, 67
*(+()',) .(* 7@73'(* 67*@,;(),A.7* 67 ., +)739',6, @,.', *7, +)739*( ,;7)9:&,) , 3&5. 67 7..(*
983&4AE, ., 3,):, +(67) 67 7B7)3939( @,3&.','9;( 3&>, 98(A*7);,839, *=.( ,3,))7,
3(8*73&7839,* +7)B&6939,.7*< *98 3(8*'9'&9) ,3'( 9.E39'( B&)E693,478'7 )7+)(3C,A.7 89 3(7)39A.7
3(8 *,839(87* 67 ,3)769',) 7. C73C( 67 ?&7 *7 '),'7. E. @98 K.'94( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 7*
., 674(*'),39=8 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67 C73C( )7,.9G,6,* +() .,* +,)'7* 78 *&* ,3'(*
,.7:,'()9(* 3(4( @&86,478'( 67 *&* )7*+73'9;,* +)7'78*9(87*. D7*67 7*', +7)*+73'9;,< >
3(4( )7:., :787),.< 7* 9869@7)78'7 3&5. 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* .(:)7 ., B&*'9@93,39=8 67 &8 C73C(
6,6(. A 7*'( *7 )7@97)7 7. +)9839+9( 678(498,6( 67 _,6?&9*939=8 +)(37*,.` E8 3,4A9(< 7*
+)739*,478'7 *9 8( .(:), ?&76,) ,3)769',6( &8 67'7)498,6( C73C( 3&,86( C, 67 67'7)498,)*7
235
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
, 3&5. 67 .(* .9'9:,8'7* C, 67 +7)B&693,) *& @,.',. L, 6(3')98, 67. _(8&* +)(A,869` > .(*
3)9'7)9(* .7:,.7* 7*',A.7396(* ,. 7@73'( *7 ()678,8 +)9()9',)9,478'7 , *&4989*'),) ,. B&G:,6()
., )7:., 67 B&939( ?&7< 78 ',.7* 3,*(*< .7 +7)49',8 )7*(.;7) 7. 3(8@.93'( *(47'96( , *&
78B&939,4978'(< +&7* 67 (')( 4(6( 8( +(6)E, @,..,) ?&7A),8',86( 7. +)9839+9( _8(8 .9?&7'I
S=.( 4769,', ( 9869)73',478'7 ,?&7..(* 3)9'7)9(* '97878 ., ;9)'&,.96,6 67 ()978',) ., ,3'9;96,6
67 .,* +,)'7* 69*')9A&>786( 78')7 7..(* ., 3,):, 67 +)(A,).

CAP5TULO III
PROPOSICIÓN Y ADMISIÓN
ART5CULO 8=H-4 PROPOSICIÓN DE PRUEBA-
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236
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 8@I-4 ADMISIÓN DE LA PRUEBA-
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Co#orda#ias*
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Co)etario*
3-4 Cnc"p' %" prp!ici0n * $%/i!i0n
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8(* 6, , 78'7867) ?&7 7F9*'9)58 +)(37*(* 6(867 8( *7)5 8737*,)9, ., +)&7A, > 7..( *7)5 +() .,
69;7)*96,6 67 ;E,* +,), '7)498,) &8 +)(37*( 67 4,87), ,8()4,.< A978 +() Y,3'(* &89.,'7),.7*
98'),+)(37*,.7*Y 67 .,* +,)'7* %., )78&839, > 7. 67*9*'94978'(< +() +,)'7 67. 674,86,8'7M > 7.
,..,8,4978'( +() +,)'7 67. 674,86,6(/< = +() Y,3'(* &89.,'7),.7* 7F'),+)(37*,.7*Y< 3(4( .,
3,)7839, 67 (AB7'( > *,'9*@,339=8 7F'),+)(37*,.. T,4A9D8 +&767 *&3767) ?&7 &8 +)(37*( *7
'7)4987 +() Y,3'(* A9.,'7),.7*Y< 3(4( ., '),8*,339=8 ( 7. 67*9*'94978'(< 7*'(* 3,*(* *7 )7:&.,8
3(4( '7)498,39=8 67. +)(37*( *98 *78'7839, 3(8'),693'()9,.
L( ?&7 (3&))7 :787),.478'7 7* ?&7 78 7. 7*3)9'( 67 674,86, ( )73(8;7839=8 > 78 7. 67
3(8'7*',39=8 , ., 674,86, ( , ., )73(8;7839=8< +&7678 .,* +,)'7* *(.939',) ., +)53'93, 67
+)&7A,* ?&7 3(8*967)78 8737*,)9,*< ,*E '7874(* ?&7 78 7. +)(37*( ()698,)9( 6&),8'7 .,
A&697839, P)7.9498,) .,* +,)'7* +)(+(878 *&* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, +,), C,37) ;,.7) *&*
,.7:,39(87*< 3(4( 674,86,8'7< 674,86,6(< )73(8;98378'7 ( )73(8;7896(< *9786( 7. B&7G 7.
?&7 673967 *(A)7 *& ,649*9=8 ( 8(. E* ,*E ?&7 7. ,3'() 78 7. 7*3)9'( 67 674,86,< 7*',A.737)5
7. (@)7394978'( 67 .(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, +7)'9878'7* +,), ,3)769',) 3,6, &8( 67 .(* C73C(*
?&7 )7*&.'78 3(8')(;7)'96(*< *(.939',)5 7. )739A94978'( 67 .(* 4769(* +)(A,'()9(* 67*'98,6(* ,
*&*'78',) 7. +7'9'()9(< 98693,86( 3(8 +)739*9=8 .(* 6,'(* > .( 6745* ?&7 *7, 8737*,)9( +,), *&
+)53'93,. P() *& +,)'7< 7. 674,86,6( 78 7. 7*3)9'( 67 3(8'7*',39=8 67 674,86,< 7*',A.737)5
.,* +)&7A,* 78 )7.,39=8 , .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(* %A)'. 433 78 )7.,39=8 A)'. 424.C/ > .(*
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1.J E8 7. Prc"! r%in$ri; .,* +,)'7* 78 ., ,&697839, +)7.9498,) %(),.478'7/< @9B,),8 .,
+)7'78*9=8< 6(867 8( *7 +(6)5 ,.'7),) ( 4(69@93,) *&*',839,.478'7 ., 49*4,< 7. 674,86,8'7
+(6)5 ,-,69) +)7'78*9(87* ,337*()9,* , .,* +.,8'7,6,* , ., 674,86,. E8 898:K8 3,*( +(6)5
237
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
,.'7),) ( 4(69@93,) *&*',839,.478'7 ., 49*4, %A)'. 45"/. C&,86( 7. 674,86,6( *7 (+(87 7.
J&7G *=.(< ,649'9)5 3&,86( 78'9786, ?&7 8( *&+(87 478(*3,A( +,), 7. ,673&,6( 7B7)3939( 67.
67)73C( 67 67@78*, %A)'. 45".2/. E8 7*', ,&697839, +)7.9498,) @9B,),8 .(* 'D)498(* 67. 67A,'7<
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C73C(* ,649'96(* +() ,4A,* +,)'7* ?&7 ?&76,8 7F3.&96(* 67 +)&7A, %A)'. 462/. S9 7. +)(37*(
?&76, )76&396( , &8, 3&7*'9=8 67 67)73C(< *7 +(86)5 @98 , ., ,&697839, +)7.9498,) %A)'.
464.1/.
2.J E8 7. prc"! $1r",i$%; 7. ')9A&8,. 4769,8'7 ,&'( 67 ,649*9=8< *7-,.,)5 @73C,< 6E, >
C(), +,), 37.7A),) ., ,&697839,< *9786( 3(4&893,6, 4769,8'7 39',39=8 ,. 674,86,8'7 >
674,86,6( +,), .(* 7@73'(* .7:,.7*M 78 693C,* 39',39(87* *7 .7* ,6;7)'9)5 , .,* +,)'7* ?&7
67A7)58 ,*9*'9) , ., 49*4, 3(8 '(6,* .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 +)7'786,8 &'9.9G,).J C(8 7..( *7 .7
:,),8'9G, , 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7* *& .7:E'94( 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 7. +)9839+9( 67
,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7.
S98 74A,):(< 3&,86( 7. ')9A&8,. 3(8*967)7 ?&7 .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* +() .,* +,)'7* *(8
98*&@93978'7* +,), 7. 7*3.,)7394978'( 67 .(* C73C(* 3(8')(;7)'96(*< +(6)5 4,89@7*',).(
98693,86( 7. C73C( ( C73C(*< ?&7 , *& 3(8*967),39=8< +(6)E,8 ;7)*7 ,@73',6(* +() .,
98*&@9397839, +)(A,'()9,< 78 7*'7 3,*(< .,* +,)'7* +(6)58 3(4+.7',) ( 4(69@93,) *&*
+)(+(*939(87* >, C73C,*. A 7*', @,3&.',6 +)(A,'()9, 67. B&7G >, 8(* )7@7)94(* 78 ., +5:98, 3<
)7.,39(8,6( ,. A)'E3&.( 22$< +7)( 8( 98;,.96, )73()6,) ?&7 7*', @,3&.',6 B&6939,. 7* 67 4,87),
7F37+39(8,. > ., 49*4, 67A7 )7:9)*7 3(8 3,&'7., +,), 8( 3,7) 78 ,)A9'),)976,67*< 3(4(
*&3769= 78 ., ,8'7)9() @9:&), 3(8'7896, 78 7. A)'E3&.( 170 67. C=69:( 67 P)(37694978'(*
C9;9.7*< )7*+73'( ,. ,&'( +,), 47B() +)(;77). E. T)9A&8,. 67A7 67 7*3&3C,) , .,* +,)'7* *(A)7
., 67@9397839, ( 98*&@9397839, 67 .,* +)&7A,*< *98 ?&7 *&*'9'&>, ., 98939,'9;, +)(A,'()9, 67 .,*
+,)'7* 89 *&*'9'&>, .(* 67A7)7* > 3,):,* 67 .,* 49*4,*.
L, @,.', 67 6,'(* 3(4( 8K47)( 67 9678'96,6 > 6(4939.9( ( )7*967839, 67 .,* +7)*(8,* (AB7'(
67 39',39=8< 8( *7)58 4('9;( +,), 67*7*'94,).,*< >, ?&7 ., +)(+9, .7> 3(83767 3983( %5/ 6E,*
+,), ,+()',).(* ,. B&7G ( ')9A&8,.< 983.&*( 6, ., +(*9A9.96,6 67 ,+()',).(* 3(8 *&@93978'7
,8'939+,39=8 , ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,.
E* 94+()',8'7 )73(8(37) ?&7 ., +)(+(*939=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* 7* &8 ,3'( 67 .,* +,)'7*<
%P)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8 67 +,)'7/< , 7..,* 3())7*+(867 +)739*,) 3&,.7* 3(8 .(* 4769(* ?&7
67*7, +),3'93,) 78 7. +)(37*(. P7)( 7..( 8( 94+967 ?&7 67 (@939( *7 ,3&7)678 ., +)53'93, 67
67'7)498,6,* +)&7A,*< 78 3,*( 67 ?&7 ., .7> .( 7*',A.7G3,< 3(4( 78 .(* +)(37*(* 8(
69*+(*9'9;(*< 3&,86( *98 +7)B&939( 67 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&78 , 98*',839, 67. M989*'7)9(
PKA.93( > 67 .,* 6745* +,)'7*< 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 673)7',) 67 (@939( 3&,8',* 3(8*967)7
+7)'9878'7*.

8-4 E!p"ci$#i%$%"! pr1$'ri$! "n #! %i!'in'! prc"!!- E?p#r$ci0n %" /"nr"!-
In,"!'i.$ci0n %" #$ p$'"rni%$%-
3-4 Prc"! %" r"c'i+ic$ci0n- E8 7*'7 +)(37*( *=.( *7 ,649'9)58 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7< *9786(
+7)'9878'7*< +&76,8 +),3'93,)*7 78 7. ,3'(.
23"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8-4 Prc"! %" r"'r$c'- S7 C,A)58 67 ,3(4+,-,) , ., 674,86, .(* 6(3&478'(* ?&7
3(8*'9'&>,8 &8 +)9839+9( 67 +)&7A, 67. 'E'&.( 78 ?&7 *7 @&8678 7. )7'),3'( >< 3&,86( .,
3(8*9:8,39=8 67. +)739( *7 7F9B, +() .7> ( +() 3(8'),'(< 7. 6(3&478'( ?&7 ,3)769'7 C,A7)
3(8*9:8,6(< *9 @&7)7 3(8(396(< 7. +)739( 67 ., 3(*, (AB7'( 67 )7'),3'( ( C,A7)*7 3(8*'9'&96(
3,&39=8 ?&7 :,),8'937 ., 3(8*9:8,39=8 78 3&,8'( 7. +)739( *7 3(8(397)7.
=-4 R"!pn!$1i#i%$% ci,i# %" )("c"!; /$.i!'r$%! * /i"/1r! %"# Mini!'"ri P91#ic- A
'(6, 674,86, 67 )7*+(8*,A9.96,6 39;9. 67A7)5 ,3(4+,-,)*7 37)'9@93,39=8 ( '7*'94(89( ?&7
3(8'78:,L ,/ L, *78'7839, ( ,&'( 78 ?&7 *7 *&+(8:, 3,&*,6( 7. ,:),;9(. A/ L,* ,3'&,39(87* ?&7
78 3(837+'( 67 ., +,)'7 3(86&G3,8 , 674(*'),) ., 98@),339=8 67 .7>< ( 67. ')549'7 ( *(.74896,6
4,86,6(* (A*7);,) +() ., 49*4, A,B( +78, 67 8&.96,6< > ?&7 , *& '974+( *7 78',A.,)(8 .(*
)73&)*(* ( )73.,4,39(87* +)(37678'7*. 3/ L, *78'7839, @9)47 ?&7 C,>, +&7*'( 'D)498( ,. +.79'( (
3,&*,.
@4 Prc"! !1r" c/p"'"nci$ %"!#"$#- E8 .(* +)(37*(* *(A)7 3(4+7'7839, 67*.7,.
3())7*+(867)5 ,. 674,86,6( ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 67 ., 7F,3'9'&6 > ;7),396,6 67 .,*
98693,39(87* > 4,89@7*',39(87* )7,.9G,6,* > 67 .(* 6,'(* 4,'7)9,.7* ?&7 ., +&A.9396,6
7F+)7*7< )7*+73'9;,478'7. N( (A*',8'7< 7*', 8()4, *7 ,+.93,)5 *974+)7 ?&7 &8, 69*+(*939=8
.7:,. 7F+)7*, 8( 69*')9A&>, 3(8 3)9'7)9(* 7*+739,.7* ., 3,):, 67 +)(A,) .(* C73C(* )7.7;,8'7*.
B-4 Prc"!! !1r" p(1#ici%$% i#2ci'$- E8 7*'7 '9+( 67 +)(37*(* 3())7*+(867)5 ,. 674,86,6(
., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 67 ., 7F,3'9'&6 > ;7),396,6 67 .,* 98693,39(87* > 4,89@7*',39(87*
)7,.9G,6,* > 67 .(* 6,'(* 4,'7)9,.7* ?&7 ., +&A.9396,6 7F+)7*7< )7*+73'9;,478'7. N( (A*',8'7<
7*', 8()4, *7 ,+.93,)5 *974+)7 ?&7 &8, 69*+(*939=8 .7:,. 7F+)7*, 8( 69*')9A&>, 3(8 3)9'7)9(*
7*+739,.7* ., 3,):, 67 +)(A,) .(* C73C(* )7.7;,8'7*.
C-4 Prc"! !1r" pr"'"n!in"! c#"c'i,$!- S(8 ,649*9A.7* 78 7*'7 +)(37*( '(6(* .(* 4769(*
67 +)&7A,< 983.&96, ., 6(3&478',. 7*',6E*'93, ( +() 4&7*')7(< *974+)7 ?&7 *7,8 (A'7896(* +()
4769(* .E39'(*< 7 983.&*( 7. B&7G +(6)5 ()678,) 67 (@939( ., +)(6&339=8 67 +)&7A,*< 3(8 7.
67A96( )7*+7'( 67 .,* :,),8'E,* 67. 3(8'),693'()9(. L, 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 983&4A7 , ., +,)'7
?&7 +(*7, 3(8(394978'(* 3978'E@93(*< 'D3893(* ( 98@()4,39(87* 7*+73E@93,* *(A)7 .(* C73C(*<
( 4,>() @,39.96,6 +,), *& 674(*'),39=8. S98 74A,):(< *9 ., +,)'7 :),;,6, 3(8 ., 3,):, 67 .,
+)&7A, 8( ,+()',)7 7. 3(8(394978'( ( 98@()4,39=8 +)739*(* +,), )7*(.;7)< 7. B&7G +(6)5 *&+.9)
., 67@9397839, > (A'787) .(* 7.7478'(* +)(A,'()9(* 9869*+78*,A.7* +,), 693',) &8, *78'7839, 67
@(86(< +&69786( )7?&7)9) +7)939,* , 78'96,67* +KA.93,* 3&>( (AB7'( 7*'&;97)7 .9:,6( , .,
4,'7)9, 78 67A,'7. S9 , +7*,) 67 .( ,8'7)9()< 8( 7* +(*9A.7 ,+()',) ., +)&7A, )7*+73'9;,< 7. B&7G
+(6)5 ()678,) *& +)53'93, 3(8 3,):( ,. 1(86( 3)7,6( ,. 7@73'(. S9 6&),8'7 ., @,*7 ,.7:,'()9,
*&):97)78 4(69@93,39(87* 67 C73C( ( 67 67)73C( )7.7;,8'7* +,), 7. B&G:,4978'( 67 ., 3,&*,<
7. B&7G +(6)5 ()678,)< 78 6739*9=8 @&86,6,< &8, 69*')9A&39=8 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A, 69*'98',
, ., +)7;9*', .7:,.478'7< > 3(83767) , ., +,)'7 , ?&978 .7 @&7 ,')9A&96, &8 +.,G( ),G(8,A.7
+,), ., +)(6&339=8 67 ., +)&7A,< )7*+7',86( .,* :,),8'E,* 67. 3(8'),693'()9(.
23$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
E-4 Prc"!! n %i!p!i'i,!- E!p"ci$# r"+"r"nci$ $ #$ "?p#r$ci0n %" #! /"nr"!-
E8 4,'7)9, 67 67)73C( 67 @,49.9, *7 7F3.&>7< 67 @()4, 986&A9',6,< 7. +)9839+9( 67 ,+()',39=8
67 +,)'7< > *7 98693, ?&7 *98 +7)B&939( 67 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&78 , 98*',839, 67.
M989*'7)9( PKA.93( > 67 .,* 6745* +,)'7*< 7. ')9A&8,. +(6)5 673)7',) 67 (@939( 3&,8',* 7*'947
+7)'9878'7*< > *7 67B, *78',6( ?&7 7. B&7G 8( 7*',)5 ;983&.,6( 78 7*'(* +)(37*(* , .,*
69*+(*939(87* 78 4,'7)9, 67 @&7)G, +)(A,'()9, 67. 98'7))(:,'()9( 67 .,* +,)'7* > 67 .(*
6(3&478'(*.
D78')( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, +)(+9, 67 .(* +)(37*(* 67 @,49.9,< *98 6&6, 7. 4(478'(
4,* 3(4+.7B( 7* ., "?p#r$ci0n %" #! /"nr"!< +&7*< +() &8, +,)'7< *7 '),', 67 &8, +)&7A,
@&86,478',. +,), 3(8(37) *& ;(.&8',6 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 7. +)(37*( 67 )&+'&), 67. 4,')94(89(
67 *&* +,6)7*< +7)(< +() ('),< )7?&97)7 67 397)'(* 3(8(394978'(* > C,A9.96,67* 67 .,* ?&7
3,)737< 78 +)9839+9(< 7. B&7G 6,6, *&*',839,. @()4,39=8 B&)E693,.
L, 7F+.(),39=8 67 478()7* 7* &8, +)&7A, 7*7839,. 78 .(* +)(37*(* 67 @,49.9, > 78 7. 67.93,6(
54A9'( B&6939,. 67 ., '(4, 67 6739*9(87* *(A)7 478()7*< A978 *7, +,), *& :&,)6,< +,), *&
3&*'(69, +)(;9*9(8,. ( 67@989'9;,< ( +,), ., 67'7)498,39=8 67 ., +,')9, +('7*',6. E.
@&86,478'( 67 ., 94+()',839, 67 7*', +)&7A, 7* 6(A.7.
JE8 +)947) .&:,)< 67)9;, 67 ?&7 7. ,)'. 12.1 67 ., Cn,"nci0n !1r" #! D"r"c&! %"# NiD
67 1$"$ )73(8(37 ,. 478() 7. 67)73C( , 7F+)7*,) .9A)7478'7 *&* (+989(87* 78 ,?&7..,*
4,'7)9,* ?&7 +&76,8 ,@73',).7 %'C7 )9:C' '( 7F+)7** 'C(*7 ;97R* @)77.> 98 ,.. 4,''7)* ,@@73'98:
'C7 3C9.6/. E. 478() 67B, 67 *7) 3(8*967),6( 3(4( &8 *94+.7 H(AB7'(I *(A)7 7. ?&7 )73,7 .,
6739*9=8 B&6939,. +,), ,*&49) &8 )(. 45* ,3'9;( > +,)'939+,'9;(< 94+.93586(*7 78 ., '(4, 67
6739*9(87* ?&7 +&697),8 ,@73',).7. P,), :,),8'9G,) 7. 7B7)3939( 67 7*'7 67)73C(< 7. ,)'. 12.2 67
., 47839(8,6, C(8;7839=8 7*',A.737 ?&7 ,. 478() *7 .7 67A7 6,) ., (+()'&896,6 67 *7) (E6(
78 '(6( +)(37694978'( B&6939,. %> ,64989*'),'9;(/ ?&7 .7 ,@73'7. E8 ., 49*4, .E87,< 7. ,)'. 6
67 ., Cn,"nci0n E(rp"$ !1r" "# ")"rcici %" #! %"r"c&! %" #! /"nr"! 67 1$$6
3(86939(8, ., ,&697839, 67. 478() ,. 3&4+.94978'( 67 6(* )7?&9*9'(*L ,/ ?&7 '78:, *&@93978'7
3,+,396,6 67 3(4+)78*9=8 %C,;98: *&@@93978' &867)*',8698:/ > A/ ?&7 8( *7, 4,89@97*',478'7
3(8'),)9( ,. 98'7)D* *&+7)9() 67. 478() %&8.7** 'C9* R(&.6 A7 4,89@7*'.> 3(8'),)> '( 'C7 A7*'
98'7)7*'* (@ 'C7 3C9.6/. E*', K.'94, @=)4&., 98')(6&37 &8 3)9'7)9( 67 @.7F9A9.96,6 ?&7 ('():, ,.
B&7G &8 ,4+.9( 4,):78 67 69*3)739(8,.96,6 +,), 673969) *(A)7 ., ,&697839, ( 8( 67. 478().
P() 7*', ;E, 7. B&7G +&767 ,'7867) , (')( '9+( 67 3)9'7)9(* 69*'98'(* 67 ., 76,6 > 67 .,
3,+,396,6 67 69*37)894978'(.
JE8 *7:&86( .&:,)< 67)9;, 67 ?&7 7. B&7G 67A7)5 67 +(867),) ., 3(837*9=8 67 ,&697839, ,.
478() , ., .&G 67. +)9839+9( 67. 98'7)D* *&+7)9() 67. 478() 3(4( 98*+9),6() 67 '(6, .,
.7:9*.,39=8 78 4,'7)9, 67 +)('7339=8 , ., 98@,839,< +&7* 78 '(6( 4(478'( *7 C,A)5 67 '787) 78
3&78', 7. in'"r<! !(p"rir %"# /"nr< +(867)586(.( ,673&,6,478'7< > 7*'7 7* 7. *78'96( 67
., B&)9*+)&67839, 67. T)9A&8,. E&)(+7( 67 D7)73C(* H&4,8(* 78 ., 4,'7)9,< +&69786( 39',)*7
.,* SSTEDH 3,*(* E.P. 3(8'), I',.9, 67 16 67 8(;974A)7 67 1$$$< 3,*( 3(8'), P()'&:,. 67
21 67 693974A)7 67 1$$$< 3,*( B)(86, 67 $ 67 B&89( 67 1$$"< 3,*( Y 3(8'), G),8 B)7',-, 67
23 67 *7+'974A)7 67 1$$"< 3,*( M3M93C,7. 67 24 67 @7A)7)( 67 1$$5< 3,*( H([[,878 67 23
67 *7+'974A)7 67 1$$4< 3,*( g77:,8 67 26 67 4,>( 67 1$$4< 3,*( H(@@4,88 67 23 67 B&89(
240
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67 1$$3< 3,*( O.**(8 67 27 67 8(;974A)7 67 1$$2< 3,*( RE747 67 22 67 ,A)9. 67 1$$2< 3,*(
A867)**(8 67 25 67 @7A)7)( 67 1$$2< 3,*( E)9[**(8 67 22 67 B&89( 67 1$"$< 3,*( N97.*78 67
2" 67 8(;974A)7 67 1$""< 3,*( O.**(8 67 24 67 4,)G( 67 1$""< 3,*( R 3(8'), G),8 B)7',-,
67 " 67 B&.9( 67 1$"7< 3,*( B 3(8'), G),8 B)7',-, 67 " 67 B&.9( 67 1$"7< 3,*( ## 3(8'),
G),8 B)7',-, 67 " 67 B&.9( 67 1$"7/T.
E8 ., +)53'93, 67 .,* 7F+.(),39(87* 67 478()7*< *7 :,),8'9G,)5< +() 7. B&7G ?&7 7. 478()
+&76, *7) (E6( 78 3(86939(87* 96=87,* +,), ., *,.;,:&,)6, 67 *&* 98'7)7*7*< *98 98'7)@7)7839,*
67 ('),* +7)*(8,*< > )73,A,86( 7F37+39(8,.478'7 7. ,&F9.9( 67 7*+739,.9*',* 3&,86( 7..( *7,
8737*,)9(. S7 '),',< +&7*< 67 &8 7F,478 +7)*(8,. > 69)73'( 67. B&7G< 67 @()4, )7*7);,6, > 3(8
&8, *&398', 6(3&478',39=8 78 7. ,3', ?&7 *7 7F'9786,. E8 ., .7:9*.,39=8 7*+,-(.,< ',8'( 78 7.
,)'. $ 67 ., L7> O):5893, 1W1$$6< 67 15 67 787)(< 67 P)('7339=8 B&)E693, 67. 478()< 3(4( 78
., )73978'7 )7@()4, 67 ., .7> +)(37*,. 39;9.< (+7),6, +() ., .7> 15W2005 67 "J0"< *7 )73(8(37
., 94+()',839, 67 ., 69.9:7839, 67 7F+.(),39=8 67 .(* 478()7*< > *7 7*',A.737 &8, )7:&.,39=8
*747B,8'7 ,. A8'7+)(>73'( H(86&)7-(< ,&8?&7 *7 94+(87 &8, ,&697839, +)737+'9;, , .(*
4,>()7* 67 12 ,-(* 78 .(* +)(37*( 3(8'7839(*(*< > *=.( *7 7.9498, ., (A.9:,39=8 7F9*'78'7 78
., 8()4,'9;, ,8'7)9() 67 (E) 78 '(6( 3,*( , .(* 4,>()7* 67 12 ,-(* 78 .(* +)(37*( 67 4&'&(
,3&7)6(.
F-4 Prc"!! !1r" c$p$ci%$%- E?$/"n %" inc$p$7-
E8 .(* +)(37*(* 67 983,+,39',39=8 > +)(69:,.96,6< *7 7*',A.737< 3(8 3,)53'7) 94+7),'9;(< ?&7
7. B&7G (9)5 , .(* +,)978'7* 45* +)=F94(* 67. +)7*&8'( 983,+,G< 7F,498,)5 , D*'7 +() *E
49*4( > ,3()6,)5 .(* 693'54787* +7)939,.7* 8737*,)9(* ( +7)'9878'7* 78 )7.,39=8 3(8 .,*
+)7'78*9(87* 67 ., 674,86, > 6745* 47696,* +)7;9*',* +() .,* .7>7*. N&83, *7 673969)5 *(A)7
., 983,+,39',39=8 *98 +)7;9( 693',478 +7)939,. 4D693(< ,3()6,6( +() 7. ')9A&8,.. C&,86( *7
C&A97), *(.939',6( 78 ., 674,86, 67 983,+,39',39=8 7. 8(4A),4978'( 67 ., +7)*(8, (
+7)*(8,* ?&7 C,>,8 67 ,*9*'9) ( )7+)7*78',) ,. 983,+,G > ;7.,) +() D.< *(A)7 7*', 3&7*'9=8 *7
(9)5 , .(* +,)978'7* 45* +)=F94(* 67. +)7*&8'( 983,+,G< , D*'7< *9 '&;97), *&@93978'7 B&939(< > ,
.,* 6745* +7)*(8,* ?&7 7. B&7G 3(8*967)7 (+()'&8(.
T,. )73(8(394978'( > ,&697839, *(8 3(8*967),6(* 3(4( )7?&9*9'(* 94+)7*39869A.7* +,),
+(67) 673.,),) ., 983,+,39',39=8 67 &8, +7)*(8,< ',8'( 78 +)947), 3(4( 78 *7:&86, 98*',839,<
> 3&>, 98(A*7);,839, 3(8..7;, ., 8&.96,6 67 .,* ,3'&,39(87*< ,+)739,A.7 67 (@939(< +&7* .,
983,+,39',39=8 67 &8, +7)*(8, 8( *(.( '9787 &8 ,.3,837 +)(37*,. ( 39;9.< *98( ?&7 '9787 &8,
69478*9=8 3(8*'9'&39(8,.< 78 ',8'( 78 3&,8'( ?&7 ., A,*7 6(3')98,. > B&)9*+)&67839,. 67 .,
+)7*&839=8 67 3,+,396,6 ,@73', ,. 67)73C( @&86,478',. ,. 67*,))(..( 67 ., +7)*(8,.96,6 > .,
69:896,6 67 ., +7)*(8, ?&7 )73(8(378 .(* $r'!- BH; C= * CF %" #$ Cn!'i'(ci0n P#2'ic$ 67
1$"2.
L, +)7*7839, ,8'7 7. T)9A&8,. 67. 674,86,6( 67 983,+,39',39=8< 3(8*'9'&>7< 8( *(.,478'7 &8
;,.9(*( 6,'( +)(A,'()9(< *98( &8, :,),8'E,< 78 +)7;7839=8 67 ,A&*(* > 4,?&98,39(87*< 67 &8,
4769',6, 6739*9=8 B&6939,. 3(8*'9'&'9;, 67 &8, *9'&,39=8 ,@73',8'7 , ., 3,+,396,6 67 .,
+7)*(8,< > ,6(+',6, 78 &8, 4,'7)9, 8( ,A*(.&',478'7 +7)'7873978'7 , ., 4769398, ( .,
+*9?&9,')E,< *98( ?&7< 3978'E@93,478'7< 7* &8 +)(A.74, 4&.'969*39+.98,)9( > C&4,8,478'7
98*7)'( 78 3)9'7)9(* *(39,.7* 3,)78'7* 67 )9:&)(*, @9B,39=8. P() 7..(< *7 A&*3, ?&7 7. J&7G (
T)9A&8,. 78 ., 69.9:7839, 67*,478 67 983,+,G 8( *(.( 67*3)9A, C73C(*< 3(4( 78 .,* +)&7A,*
241
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67 )73(8(394978'( B&6939,. ( 67 98*+7339=8 (3&.,)< *98( ?&7 749', &8, (+989=8 *(A)7 .,
3,+,396,6 67. 7F,498,6( +,), 7. :(A97)8( 67 *& +7)*(8, > 67 *&* A9787*.
H-4 Prc"!! %" +i#i$ci0n.
E8 7. A)'. 115 67 ., Cn!'i'(ci0n p#2'ic$ %" #$ R"p91#ic$ %" 3HF8 6937 ?&7 Hse a!tori&a la
investigación de la paternidad y !e la ley determinara el procedimiento3. P() 7..(< 78 .(*
B&939(* *(A)7 @9.9,39=8 *7)5 ,649*9A.7 ., in,"!'i.$ci0n %" #$ p$'"rni%$% * %" #$ /$'"rni%$%
4769,8'7 '(6, 3.,*7 67 +)&7A,*< 983.&96,* .,* A9(.=:93,*< 3(8@()47 , 6(* +,)547')(*
7*7839,.7*L

JE8 +)947) .&:,)< 7. 67)73C( +,), *(.939',) ., 98;7*'9:,39=8 67 ., +,'7)896,6 3())7*+(867 ,.
C9B( > , *&* 67*3786978'7*< ,*E 3(4( ,. +,6)7 ( 4,6)7 ?&7 .( C&A97)7 )73(8(396(< *9786( 7*'7
67)73C( &8 94+)7*3)9+'9A.7. E8 .(* B&939(* 67 98;7*'9:,39=8 ( 67 94+&:8,39=8 67 .,
+,'7)896,6< *(8 ,649*9A.7* .,* +)&7A,* 67 .(* :)&+(* *,8:&E87(*< 4,)3,6()7* :78D'93(* >
3&,.?&97) (')( 4D'(6( 67 7F3.&*9=8 ( 3(8@9)4,39=8 67 +,'7)896,6< ?&7 +&76, 67*,))(..,)*7 78
7. @&'&)(. L(* 7*'&69(* 47839(8,6(* 67A7)58 *7) C73C(* +() 4D693(* 3(8 3(8(394978'(*
7*+739,.9G,6(* 78 984&8(C74,'(.(:E,. E8 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., +)&7A, A9(.=:93,< ., DA SD+'94,
*(A)7 )7@()4, 67. C0%i. %" F$/i#i$; 4(69@93, .(* ,)'* 112 > **< >< 78 3(83)7'(< 78 7. A)'.
11" *7 6937LI En los #!icios de investigación o de imp!gnación de la paternidad yKo
maternidad, son admisibles las pr!ebas de los gr!pos sang!0neos, marcadores gen<ticos y
c!al!ier otro m<todo de e2cl!sión o con/irmación de paternidad yKo maternidad !e p!eda
desarrollarse en el /!t!ro. Los est!dios mencionados deber%n ser "ec"os por ,<dicos con
entrenamiento adec!ado en Inm!no"ematologNa3
JE8 *7:&86( .&:,)< ,&8?&7 8( C,>, +)&7A, 69)73',< +(6)5 673.,),)*7 ., @9.9,39=8 ?&7 )7*&.'7
67. )73(8(394978'( 7F+)7*( ( '539'(< 67 ., +(*7*9=8 67 7*',6(< 67 ., 3(8;9;7839, 3(8 ., 4,6)7
78 ., D+(3, 67 ., 3(837+39=8< ( 67 (')(* C73C(* 67 .(* ?&7 *7 98@97), ., @9.9,39=8< 67 4(6(
,85.(:(. L, 87:,'9;, 98B&*'9@93,6, , *(47'7)*7 , ., +)&7A, 67 +,'7)896,6 ( 4,'7)896,6
+7)49'9)5 ,. B&7G 673.,),) ., @9.9,39=8 )73.,4,6,< *974+)7 ?&7 7F9*',8 (')(* 986939(* 67 .,
+,'7)896,6 ( 4,'7)896,6 > ., +)&7A, 67 D*', 8( *7 C,>, (A'7896( +() (')(* 4769(*.
E8 7. CPC 8( *7 C, 693',6( 898:&8, 8()4, .7:,. +,), )7:&.,) ., *9'&,39=8 ?&7 *7 +)(6&37
3&,86( 3&,.?&97), 67 .(* 98;(.&3),6(* )7CK*, +(87)*7 , 69*+(*939=8 67 .(* +7)9'(*< (<
*94+.7478'7< +7)49'9) ?&7 *7 ..7;78 , 3,A( *(A)7 *& 3&7)+( .,* (+7),39(87* ?&7 *(8
94+)7*39869A.7*< +() 4E894,* ( 8(39;,* ?&7 )7*&.'78< +,), 7. 67*78;(.;94978'( > DF9'( 67 .,
+7)939,.. E8 (')(* ()678,4978'(*< 6(867 &8,* ;737* ., 87:,'9;, 98B&*'9@93,6, , *(47'7)*7 , .,
98*+7339=8 C7)76(A9(.=:93, 7* *,839(8,6, 3(8 4&.', 69*39+.98,)9,< >< 3,*( 67 +7)*9*'7839,< *7
,&'()9G, 7. )73&)*( 67 .(* ,+)749(* 69)73'(*< 7*+739,.478'7 , ., 3(86&339=8 +() ., @&7)G,< (
A978 *7 7?&9+,), ., 87:,'9;, , ., 3(8@7*9=8< ( 6, .&:,) , ., 98;7)*9=8 67 ., 3,):, 67 ., +)&7A,<
( *7 @,3&.', +,), 7F'),7) .9A)7478'7 ,):&478'(* 67 +)&7A, 67 )73C,G( 98B&*'9@93,6( 67 .,
+,)'7 , 3(8*78'9) ., 98*+7339=8 *(A)7 ., +7)*(8,. S98 74A,):(< ,&8?&7 ., 47), 87:,'9;, ,.
*(47'94978'( , ., +)&7A,* 4D693,* 8( 3(8*'9'&>7 &8, H@93', 3(8@7*9(I ( &8, +)&7A, +.78,
+,), ,')9A&9) ., @9.9,39=8< *&+(87 &8 986939( )7.7;,8'7 ?&7 ;,.(),6( 78 3(8B&8'( 3(8 (')(*
986939(* 67)9;,6(* 67 ., 3,&*, %@('(:),@E,*< 3,)',*< 6(3&478'(*/ +&767 67'7)498,) .,
242
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
673.,),39=8 67 ., +,'7)896,6< >, ?&7 ., 87:,'9;, , *(47'7)*7 , .,* +)&7A,* 7* )7;7.,6(), 67
&8, @,.', 67 *(.96,)96,6 > 67 3(.,A(),39=8 3(8 ., ,64989*'),39=8 67 B&*'939, +,), 67'7)498,)
67)73C(* 67 '7)37)(*< 3&,. 7*L 7. C9B( 3&>, +,'7)896,6 *7 )73.,4,< *(A)7 '(6( *9 *7 '9787 78
3&78', 7. 7.7;,6E*94( E86937 67 @9,A9.96,6 )7*+73'( , ., 67'7)498,39=8 +(*9'9;, 67 .,
+,'7)896,6 78 3,6, 3,*( 3(83)7'( ?&7 '97878 .,* +)&7A,* A9(.=:93,*.
=-4 A%/i!i1i#i%$% %" #$ pr("1$-
L&7:( ?&7 .,* +,)'7* C,>,8 *(.939',6( 7. )739A94978'( 67. +.79'( , +)&7A,*< +)(+(89786( .,*
?&7 3(8*967)78 ,673&,6,* +,), 3(8;7837) ,. B&7G< D*'7 .( )739A9)5 , +)&7A, )7*(.;9786(
4769,8'7 ,&'( *(A)7 *& ,649*9=8. E8 3,*( 67 6787:,)*7 ., ,649*9=8 67 &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, (
7. )739A94978'( , +)&7A,< ., +,)'7 ?&7 *7 3(8*967)7 ,@73',6, +(6)5 98'7)+(87) (),.478'7
)7+(*939=8< 7. ?&7 *7 )7*(.;7)5 78 7. ,3'(. C(8'), ., )7*(.&39=8 6787:,'()9, , ., )7+(*939=8< .,
+,)'7 +&767 @()4&.,) +)('7*', +,), 7. 4(478'( 78 ?&7 98'7)+(8:, 7. )73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8
3(8'), ., *78'7839, 67@989'9;,.J
E8 7*'7 *78'96( 7. B&7G 7*', (A.9:,6( , +)(8&839,)*7 78 *78'96( >, *7, +(*9'9;( ( 87:,'9;(
)7*+73'( , ., ,649*9=8 ( 8( 67 ,.:K8 4769( 67 +)&7A,< 67A9786( )7*(.;7) 3,6, &8( 67 7..(*.
E8 3,*( 67 )7*(.;7) ., 8( ,649*9=8 67 &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, *98 ., 4('9;,39=8 )7?&7)96,< +(6)5
:787),) C,39, ., +,)'7 +)(+(878'7 &8, ;9(.,39=8 , *& 67)73C( 67 67@78*, 78 7. *&+&7*'( 67
?&7 ., 98,649*9A9.96,6 *7, 98@&86,6,< ,)A9'),)9,< 98B&*'9@93,6, > 3,)78'7 67 4('9;,39=8M +7)( *9
693C, +,)'7 8( @()4&., 7. )73&)*( 67 )7+(*939=8 3())7*+(86978'7< ?&76,)5 98C,A9.9',6, +,),
+769) ., 8&.96,6 67 .( ,3'&,6(. E8 3,*( 67 ?&7 7. B&7G ,649', &8 4769( 67 +)&7A, 7*'7 ,&'(
8( *7)5 (AB7'( 67 )73&)*( ,.:&8(.
ARTICULO 8@3-4 ADMISION POSTERIOR POR HECHOS NUEVOS O DE NUEVA
NOTICIA-
3- C($n% !" pr"!"n'" "n "# prc"! (n &"c& n(", %" n(",$ n'ici$ :(" n +("!"
r"cnci% c/ ci"r' pr #$ p$r'" cn'r$ri$; !" prpn%r> * !" pr$c'ic$r> #$
pr("1$ p"r'in"n'" * 9'i# %"# /% pr",i!' "n "!'" C0%i. c($n% +("r" p!i1#" pr
"# "!'$% %" #$! $c'($cin"!-
8- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# r"c&$7$r>; /"%i$n'" $('; #$ $#".$ci0n %" (n &"c& $c$"ci% cn
p!'"riri%$% $ #! $c'! %" $#".$ci0n !i "!'$ circ(n!'$nci$ n !" )(!'i+ic$!" %"
/$n"r$ !(+ici"n'"- T$/1i<n !" r"c&$7$r> c($n%; $ #$ ,i!'$ %" #$! circ(n!'$nci$! *
%" #$! $#".$cin"! %" #$! %"/>! p$r'"!; !" ",i%"nci$!" :(" "# &"c& !" p(% &$1"r
$#".$% "n #! //"n'! prc"!$#"! r%in$ri$/"n'" pr",i!'!-
=- En "!'" 9#'i/ c$!; !i "# )("7 'ri1(n$# $pr"ci$r$ >ni/ %i#$'ri /$#$ +"
prc"!$# "n #$ $#".$ci0n; p%r> i/pn"r $# r"!pn!$1#" (n$ /(#'$ %" (n /"%i $
%! K8) !$#$ri! /2ni/!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 460< 461 CPC.
243
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
C&,86( *7 C,:, +)7*78'7 78 7. +)(37*( &8 C73C( 8&7;( ( 67 8&7;, 8('939,< ?&7 8( @&7*7
)73(8(396( 3(4( 397)'( +() ., +,)'7 3(8'),)9,< *7 +)(+(86)5 > *7 +),3'93,)5 ., +)&7A,
+7)'9878'7 > K'9. 67. 4(6( +)7;9*'( 78 7. C=69:( P)(37*,. 3&,86( @&7)7 +(*9A.7 +() 7. 7*',6(
67 .,* ,3'&,39(87*.
E8 '(6( 3,*(< 7. T)9A&8,. )73C,G,)5< 4769,8'7 ,&'(< ., ,.7:,39=8 67 C73C(* ,3,7396(* 3(8
+(*'7)9()96,6 , .(* ,3'(* 67 ,.7:,39=8 *9 7*', 39)3&8*',839, 8( *7 B&*'9@93,*7 67 4,87),
*&@93978'7. T,4A9D8 *7 )73C,G,)5 3&,86(< , ., ;9*', 67 .,* 39)3&8*',839,* > 67 .,* ,.7:,39(87*
67 .,* 6745* +,)'7*< *7 7;967839,*7 ?&7 7. C73C( *7 +&6( C,A7) ,.7:,6( 78 .(* 4(478'(*
+)(37*,.7* ()698,)9,478'7 +)7;9*'(*. E8 7*'7 K.'94( *&+&7*'(< *9 7. ')9A&8,. ,+)739,), 5894(
69.,'()9( ( 4,., @7 +)(37*,. 78 ., ,.7:,39=8< +(6)5 94+(87) ,. )7*+(8*,A.7 &8, 4&.', 67 &8( ,
')7* *,.,)9(* 4E894(*.

CAP5TULO IV
PROCEDIMIENTO PROBATORIO GENERAL

ART5CULO 8@8-4 PRLCTICA DE LA PRUEBA
3- T%$! #$! pr("1$! %"1"n !"r pr$c'ic$%$! "n $(%i"nci$ p91#ic$; !()"'$ $# principi
%" cn'r$%icci0n; %" $c("r% cn # %i!p("!' "n "!'" C0%i.; !$#, %i!p!ici0n
"!p"ci$# "n cn'r$ri-
8- S"r> i/pr"!cin%i1#" #$ pr"!"nci$ * %ir"cci0n )(%ici$# "n #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #$! pr("1$!;
n p(%i<n%!" %"#".$r #$ pr>c'ic$ %" '$#"! $c'! prc"!$#"! ni "n "# !"cr"'$ri ni "n
nin.9n 'r +(ncin$ri; 1$) !$nci0n %" n(#i%$%-
=- N 1!'$n'" # %ic& "n "# n9/"r $n'"rir; !" ##",$r> $ c$1 $n'" "# !"cr"'$ri #$
pr"!"n'$ci0n %" %c(/"n'!; #$ $pr'$ci0n %" 'r! /"%i! in!'r(/"n'!
pr1$'ri!; "# r"cnci/i"n' %" #$ $('"n'ici%$% %" (n %c(/"n' pri,$%; #$
+r/$ci0n %" c("rp! %" "!cri'(r$ p$r$ "# c'") %" #"'r$! * #$ /"r$ r$'i+ic$ci0n %"
#$ $('r2$ %" %ic'$/"n p"rici$#- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# &$1r> %" "?$/in$r pr !2 /i!/
#$ pr("1$ %c(/"n'$#; #! in+r/"! * %ic'>/"n"! "!cri'! * c($#"!:(i"r$ 'r!
/"%i! in!'r(/"n'! :(" !" $pr'$r"n p$r$ p%"r '"n"r#! "n c("n'$ $ #$ &r$ %"
+r/$r !( cn,icci0n-
@- E# )("7 'ri1(n$# ,"#$r> pr:(" #$ pr>c'ic$ %" #! /"%i! %" pr("1$ "n #$!
$(%i"nci$! pr1$'ri$! n $+"c'"n $ #$ /r$# ni $ #$! 1("n$! c!'(/1r"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 1< 60< "2 67 ., C(8*'9'&39=8 67 ., R7+KA.93,M 4< 12< 15< 16< 17< 1$< 115< 116< 131<
132< 134< 3"3.1< 635< 735 , 741 67. CPC
244
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
L(* P)9839+9(* 98*+9),6()7* 67. 8&7;( +)(37*( 39;9.< *7 )7@.7B,8 67 4,87), 3.,), 78 7.
67*,))(..( 67 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,. U8 +)9839+9( :787),. 67. D7)73C( )7G, ?&7 8,697 +&767
*7) 3(8678,6( *98 *7) (E6( > ;78396( 78 B&939(< 78')7 .(* +)9839+9(* ?&7 )9:78 ., +)53'93, 67 .,
+)&7A, '7874(*L
1/ P)9839+9( 67 P&A.9396,6. D78')( 67 7*'7 +)9839+9( *7 7*',A.737 3(4( )7:., :787),. ?&7
'(6,* .,* +)&7A,* +)(+&7*',* > ,649'96,* 67A78 *7) +),3'93,6,* +() 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +,)'7*<
3(8 7. @98 K893( 67 ..7:,) ,. 3(8;78394978'( 67. B&7G , '),;D* 67 ., ;7),396,6 67 *&*
,.7:,39(87*M 7*', +)53'93, 67A7 *7) (),.< 4&> 69*'98'( ,. *9*'74, +)(37*,. ,8'7)9()< 6(867 .,
4,>() +,)'7 67 ., +)53'93, +)(37*,. 7), 7*3)9',< .( ?&7 *9:89@93,A, 69.,39(87* 988737*,)9,*. E*
8,'&),. 78'7867) ?&7 7F9*'78 7F37+39(87* +,), 7*'7 +)9839+9(< *9786( ,?&7..(* 3,*(* 78 6(867
+() ),G(87* 67 ()678 +KA.93(< 98'9496,6< +)('7339=8 , ., @,49.9, > ., 94,:78< 7. B&7G 3(8
A&78, +)&67839, .949', ., +&A.9396,6 67. +)(37*(< A978 *7, , +7'939=8 67 +,)'7 = 67 (@939(<
37.7A),86( .(* ,3'(* > ,&697839,* , +&7)', 37)),6,< 4,8'789786( .,* ,3'&,39(87* A,B( )7*7);,.
E* 8737*,)9( '(4,) 78 3(8*967),39=8 7. 3(8'7896( 67. A)'E3&.( 131< ?&7 *7 )7@97)7 , .,
+)(C9A939=8 67 *73)7'(< 3(8 7. 3&,. .,* ,3'&,39(87* B&6939,.7* 8&83, +(6)58 *7) *73)7',* +,),
.,* +,)'7*M ,*E 3(4( 7. A)'E3&.( 134< *(A)7 ., +&A.9396,6 67 .(* ,3'(* +)(37*,.7*< ?&7 *7
)7@.7B, 78 3&,8'( , ., +)53'93, 67 .,* +)&7A,* 78 S,., 67 ,&697839,< > 78 3(83)7'( *7 7*3&3C,)5
, .,* +,)'7*< ,8'7* 67 673969)< *9 7. ,3'( 7* , +&7)', 37)),6,< *7:K8 *& ,+,)',6( 3M > 7. A)'E3&.(
116 )7@7)78'7 , (A'787) 98@()4,39=8< 8737*,)9( *7)5 ?&7 *7 '78:, &8 98'7)D*< +7)( *974+)7
?&7 ., 98@()4,39=8 8( '78:, 7. 3,)53'7) 67 )7*7);,6,. E8 3&,8'( , ., (A'7839=8 67
98@()4,39=8< ,6745* 67. 98'7)D* 7F9:96(< 7* 8737*,)9( ?&7 9869?&7 7. 4('9;( ?&7 '9787 +,),
*,A7) 7*', 98@()4,39=8< 78 ,'7839=8 , .,* 39)3&8*',839,* +)7;9*',* 78 7*'7 C=69:(.
2/ P)9839+9( 67 C(8'),69339=8< ?&7 +7)49'7 ., 98'7);7839=8 67 .,* +,)'7* 78 7. +)(37*( A,B(
9:&,.6,6 67 3(86939(87*< .( ?&7 :,),8'9G, *7) (E6,* +() 7. B&7G 3(8*967),86( ., 6&,.96,6 67
+(*939(87*. P)739*,478'7 *7 .7* ,*7:&), ?&7 7. B&G:,6() ,8'7* 67 693',) &8, )7*(.&39=8 67
@(86( ?&7 +&767 ,@73',).(* 69)73', ( 9869)73',478'7< *7,8 7*3&3C,6(* >, *7, 78 ., 98*',839,<
( 78 .(* )73&)*(*< A978 +)(37*( ()698,)9( ( 7*+739,.< 983.&*( 3&,86( *7 +)7'786, ,6(+',)
47696,* 3,&'7.,)7* > 78 ., @,*7 67 7B73&39=8< 3(4( 7F37+39=8 , 7*'7 +)9839+9( *7 +)7*78', 7.
C73C( 3&,86( ., +,)'7 7* R7A7.67 +)(37*,.478'7 C,A.,86(.
E8 67@989'9;,< 7. ,3'() > 7. 674,86,6( '97878 67)73C(* 67 ,339=8 > 67 67@78*,< +,), ,33767)
,. +)(37*(< ,*E 3(4( , ., +)&7A,< > ., +),3'93, 67 ., 49*4,< > ,. 67*,))(..( 67. B&939(.
3/ P)9839+9( 67 I84769,39=8- E8 7. 8&7;( +)(37*( +)76(498, ., (),.96,6< 7* 8737*,)9( ?&7 7.
J&7G +)7*78397 .,* ,3'&,39(87* > 8( +&767 67.7:,) ( 3(49*9(8,) ., +)53'93, 67 &8 ,3'(
+)(37*,. (),.< A,B( *,839=8 67 8&.96,6< *,.;( 7F37+39(87* 78 .(* ?&7 )7*&.'7 9869*+78*,A.7
)7,.9G,).( +() ;E, 67 ,&F9.9( B&6939,.. %A)'E3&.( 16.2/.
L, ;&.87),39=8 67 7*'7 +)9839+9( C,37 ?&7 7F9*', &8 )73&)*( 678(498,6( 67 Y,&697839, ,.
)7A7.67Y< 6(867 +() &8, *7)97 67 4('9;(*< +&767 *7) )7;9*,6, ., *78'7839, 693',6, 78 )7A7.6E,
+() ., C()'7 67 A+7.,39(87*< %A)'E3&.(* 735 , 741/.
C,*(* 67 7F37+39=8 678')( 67 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, '7874(* 3&,86( ,8'7 7. S73)7',)9( *7
+)7*78',8 6(3&478'(*< *7 ,+()',8 (')(* 4769(* ( 98*')&478'(* +)(A,'()9(*< 7.
)73(8(394978'( 67 ., ,&'78'9396,6 67 &8 6(3&478'( +)9;,6(< 78')7 (')(*. P7)( 78 *E ?&978
'9787 ?&7 7F,498,) ., +)&7A, 6(3&478',.< .(* 98@()47* > 693'54787* 7*3)9'(* > (')(* 4769(*
( 98*')&478'(* ?&7 *7 ,+()'78 7* 7. J&7G ( T)9A&8,.< 3(8 7. (AB7'( 67 '(4,).(* 78 3&78', , .,
245
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
C(), 67 @()4,) *& 3(8;9339=8. S974+)7 '9787 ?&7 ;7.,) 7. J&7G +() ., 4(),. > .,* A&78,*
3(*'&4A)7* 6&),8'7 ., +)53'93, 67 .,* +)&7A,*.

ART5CULO 8@=-4 SEÑALAMIENTOS
3- T%$! #$! pr("1$! !" pr$c'ic$r>n 1$) "# r"!p"' $1!#(' %"# principi %" (ni%$%
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A)'E3&.(* 17< 252.3 CPC
Co)etario*
C(8 7. @98 67 8( ,.,):,) ., 37.7A),39=8 67 .,* +)&7A,*< *7 7*',A.737 ., &'9.9G,39=8 67 ., 478()
3,8'96,6 67 ,&697839,* +(*9A.7*. L,* ,&697839,* ?&7 8( @98,.9378 , 4769(6E,< 3(8'98&,)58 7*,
49*4, ',)67 >< *9 ',4+(3( C&A97)78 @98,.9G,6( 7. 6E, ( 6E,* *9:&978'7*< ,?&E .( ?&7 *7 67A7
A&*3,) 7* ?&7 7. ,3'( *7, K893( > 8( 69*+7)*( +,), 3(8 7..( +7)49'9).7 ,. B&7G ?&7 3(8(G3, 67
'(6,* .,* 983967839,* 67. +)(37*(.
S7 +)7*78',8 6(* 3,*(* 78 .(* 3&,.7* 7. T)9A&8,. 7F37+39(8,.478'7< 4769,8'7 +)(;967839,
+&767 *7-,.,) ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&78 ,3'(* 67 +)&7A,L 1/ 3&,86( 8( *7, +(*9A.7 ..7;,).(* , 3,A( 78
., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,< 78 7*'7 3,*( *7 *7-,.,)5 3(8 ,. 478(* ')7* %3/ 6E,* 67 ,8'939+,39=8< .,
@73C,< 6E, > C(), +,), +),3'93,).(*M > 2/ 3&,86( ., +)&7A, *7 8( *7 +),3'9?&7 78 ., *767 67.
T)9A&8,.< 78 7*'7 3,*( *7 67'7)498,)5 > 8('9@93,)5 7. .&:,) 78 ?&7 *7 ..7;,)5 , 3,A(. E8 ,4A(*
3,*(* .,* +)&7A,* *7 +),3'93,)58 ,8'7* 67 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,.

ART5CULO 8@@-4 PRLCTICA DE LAS PRUEBAS FUERA DEL LUGAR DEL
PROCESO-
3- C($n% #$! pr("1$! %"1$n pr$c'ic$r!" +("r$ %" #$ !"%" %"# 'ri1(n$#; #$! p$r'"!
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pr("1$ %" :(" !" 'r$'"-
Co)etario*
246
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
L,* +,)'7* *7 67A78 39',) 3(8 ,8'7.,39=8 67 4" C(),*< ',8'( .,* +,)'7* 3(4( .(* +)(@7*9(8,.7*
?&7 .7* 67@9786,8< '786)58 78 .,* ,3'&,39(87* ., 98'7);7839=8 ?&7 ,&'()937 7*'7 C=69:(< .( ?&7
*7 7*',A.737 3(4( 4769( 67 :,),8'E, 67 67)73C( 67 67@78*, > 3(8'),69339=8.
CAP5TULO V
VALORACIÓN

ART5CULO 8@B-4 VALORACION DE LA PRUEBA
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Co)etario*
3-4 Cnc"p'! 1>!ic!-
D9*'98'( , .,* 8()4,* +)(37*,.7* )739D8 67)(:,6,*< 6(867 ., .7> ;78E, , 67'7)498,) 7. ;,.()
67 .,* +)&7A,*< ,K8 78 3(8'), 67 ., +)(+9, 3(8;9339=8 67. B&G:,6()< 3(8(396( 3(4(
;,.(),39=8 ',*,6, ( .7:,.< ,C(), ;9787 )7:&.,6( 78 8&7*')( +)(37*( 39;9.< &8 8&7;( 3)9'7)9(
*(A)7 3=4( ;,.(),) ., +)&7A,< *9786( ., *,8, 3)E'93, ( ;,.(),39=8 .9A)7< 6(867 7. B&7G ;,.(),
., +)&7A, *7:K8 *& 3(8;9339=8 +*93(.=:93,JB&)E693,< 67 4,87), ',. ?&7 ., .7> +7)49'7 ?&7
&'9.937 .,* 45F94,* 67 7F+7)97839, *7:K8 3)7, 3(8;78978'7< +7)( *98 +7)49'9) ?&7 ..7:&7 ,
:787),)*7 &8 *9*'74, ,)A9'),)9(< *98 ),G(8,4978'( ,.:&8(. L, ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, A,*,6,
78 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< )7?&97)7 &8, )7@.7F9=8 +() +,)'7 67. B&7G. P7)( ,6745*< *7 3(8*967),8 .,*
)7:.,* 67. 3(8(394978'( > 3)9'7)9( C&4,8(.
L,* 45F94,* 67 7F+7)97839,< *7 +&767 78'7867) 3&,86( 7. L7:9*.,6() ()678, ., B&7G ?&7
+)(376, , ,+.93,) 7*, 45F94, 67 7F+7)97839, 78 7. 3,*( 3(83)7'(< 67 4(6( ?&7 .,* )7:.,*
.7:,.7* 67 ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 8( *(8 45* ?&7 45F94,* 67 ., 7F+7)97839,. L,* )7:.,*
.7:,.7* 67 ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, *(8 45F94,* 67 ., 7F+7)97839, .7:,.7*. D78')( 67 .,
;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, *7 67*,))(..,8 6(* ,3'9;96,67* 98'7.73'&,.7*< ?&7 *(8
1/ I8'7)+)7',39=8L L&7:( 67 C,A7)*7 +),3'93,6( ., +)&7A,< 7. B&7G 67A7 67'7)498,) 3&5. 7* 7.
)7*&.',6( ?&7 *7 67*+)7867 67 693C( 4769( +)(A,'()9(< 3(4( +() 7B74+.(< 7*',A.737) .( ?&7
7. '7*'9:( 69B(< 3&5. 7* ., 3(83.&*9=8 , ., ?&7 ..7:, 7. 693',478 +7)939,.< ?&D 7* .( ?&7 6937
247
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
)7,.478'7 7. 6(3&478'(< 7'3. A '),;D* 67 7*', ,3'9;96,6 98'7.73'&,.< 7. B&7G +&767 '787) 3.,)(
.( ?&7 7. '7*'9:( ,@9)4,< .( ?&7 67. 6(3&478'( *7 676&37 ( .( ?&7 7. +7)9'( 3(83.&>7.
2/ V,.(),39=8L +() 4769( 67 ., 3&,. *7 7*',A.737 7. ;,.() 3(83)7'( ?&7 67A7 ,')9A&9)*7 ,.
49*4(< 3(4( +() 7B74+.(< *9 7. '7*'9:( 47)737 3)D69'(< +&69786( ..7:,) , ., 3(83.&*9=8 ?&7
7@73'9;,478'7 69B( ., ;7)6,6< *9 7. 6(3&478'( 7* ,&'D8'93( > )7+)7*78', @97.478'7 .(* C73C(*
',. > 3(4( *7 +)(6&B7)(8< *9 7. +7)9'( 7* 3)7EA.7 > *&* ),G(8,4978'(* 7*'58 ,+(>,6(* 78 .,
.=:93,< 7'3.
E. 3(8B&8'( 67 ;,.(),39=8 7 98'7)+)7',39=8 *7 .7 +&767 678(498,) H,+)739,39=8 67 ., +)&7A,IM
78'7869D86(*7 3(4( ',.L ,?&7..,* (+7),39(87* 478',.7* 67. B&G:,6()< ?&978 +,)'9786( 67 .,*
@&78'7*J4769(* 67 +)&7A, +&76, ..7:,) , 7*',A.737) ., 37)'7G, )7*+73'( 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67
C73C(* 67 .,* +,)'7*.
L, ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, A,*,6, 78 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< *7 @&86,478', 78 ?&7 .,
+)&7A, .9A)7 8( 7* *98=894( 67 +)&7A, 69*3)739(8,. 67. B&7G< D*', 67A7 *7) ),G(8,6,<
4('9;,6, > )7*+(8*,A.7< 3(86939(87* ?&7 7F3.&>78 ., ,)A9'),)976,6.
R7*&.', 94+()',8'7 78 ., 8&7;, 8()4,'9;, +)(37*,. 39;9.< ?&7 .,* ;,.(),39(87* 67 .(* B&737*
67 +)947), 98*',839,< *7 )7*+7'78< *974+)7 > 3&,86( 7. T)9A&8,. 67 A.G,6, > T)9A&8,.
S&+)74( 8( 67'7)4987 ?&7 693C( B&G:,6() 983&))9= 78 7))() 67 C73C(< ( ?&7 *&* ;,.(),39(87*
)7*&.'78 9.=:93,*< (+&7*',* , ., *,8, 3)E'93,.
L, 4('9;,39=8 67 .,* *78'7839,* 67A7 *&+(87) ., 7F+.93,39=8 *&@93978'7 +() 7. B&G:,6() 67
98*',839,< )7*+73'( , 3=4( (A'9787 *& 3(8;78394978'( )7*+73'( , .(* C73C(* ?&7 78'97867
+)(A,6(* , +,)'9) 67 .,* +)&7A,* +),3'93,6,*< 7* 6739)< 7F+.93,) ., Y),'9( 693967869Y 67.
+)(37*(< , @98 67 ?&7 693C, 6739*9=8 B&6939,. *7, 3(8(396, +() .,* +,)'7* > ?&7 *7,8 D*',* .,*
?&7 *(47',8 693C( @,..( , 94+&:8,39=8 > 3(8'),69339=8 ,8'7 7. T)9A&8,. 67 A.G,6,.
L, ;,.(),39=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* 3(8*'9'&>7 &8 3(4+.7B( +)(37*( .=:93( ( 98'7.73'&,. 78 7. ?&7
,3(*'&4A),8 , 69@7)7839,)*7 3(837+'&,.478'7< *94+.9@93,86( 78 7F')74(< +)9839+,.478'7 6(*
(+7),39(87* 69@7)78'7*L &8, +)947),< 678(498,6, 67 ,+)739,39=8 ( 98'7)+)7',39=8M > &8,
*7:&86,< 67 ;,.(),39=8 78 *78'96( 7*')93'(. E8 7. +)947) 7*',69( J67 ,+)739,39=8J +&7678
69@7)7839,)*7< , *& ;7G< 6(* 4(478'(*L
,/ E8 7. +)947)(< 7. B&G:,6() C, 67 ,8,.9G,) *7+,),6,478'7 '(6,* > 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +)&7A,*
,+()',6,* ( 67*78;&7.',* +,), 7*',A.737) 3(8 ., 4,>() @967.96,6 > 7F,3'9'&6 3&5.7* *7,8 .(*
+)739*(* 7.7478'(* ?&7 +)(+()39(8,8 *7+,),6,478'7 3,6, @&78'7 67 +)&7A,< > 67*;7.,)
3&5.7* *7,8 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* ?&7 3,A7 7F'),7) 3(4( 3(8*73&7839, 67 7*7 7F,478 78 @&839=8
67 *& E86(.7L .( 673.,),6( +() .,* +,)'7* ( +() .(* '7*'9:(* 78 .(* 3())7*+(86978'7*
98'7))(:,'()9(*M 7. 3(8'7896( 67 .(* 6(3&478'(* & (')(* *(+()'7* ,+()',6(* ,. +)(37*(M .(
+7)39A96( 78 7. )73(8(394978'(M > ., 98@()4,39=8 +)(+()39(8,6, +() .(* +7)9'(*. R7*+73'( 67
7*'(* K.'94(* ., 98'7)+)7',39=8 3(8*9*'7 78 7. 7F,478 67. 693',478 749'96( B&8'(< 78 *& 3,*(<
3(8 .(* 6(3&478'(*< 4,'7)9,.7* ( 98*')&478'(* 3(4+.7478',)9(* ?&7 ,?&D. C,>, 6739696(
,6B&8',) >< 7;78'&,.478'7< 3(8 .,* (A*7);,39(87*< ,3.,),39(87* ( 7F+.93,39(87*
3(4+.7478',)9,* (@)7396,* 78 7. ,3'( 67 ., ,3.,),39=8. S7 ,:(', 78 &8, 47), .,A() 67
3(8*',',39=8 > ,85.9*9* 67. *9:89@93,6( )7,. 67 .(* 6,'(*< 3(83.&*9(87* > B&939(* 67 ;,.()
3(8*9:8,6(* 78 ,?&D. > 78 7. ,3'( 67 6(3&478',39=8 67 ., 98'7);7839=8 (),. 67 .(* +7)9'(*< 78
()678 , +)739*,) 7. 7F,3'( 3(8'7896( > ,.3,837 67 .,* +,.,A),* > 7F+)7*9(87* 74+.7,6,*. E*'7
24"
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3(47'96( C, 67 )7,.9G,)*7 *974+)7 3(8 3&,.7*?&97), 4769(* 67 +)&7A,< +7)( 7*
+,)'93&.,)478'7 8737*,)9( 78 7. 3,*( 67 ., +7)939,.. S7 '),', 67 &8, .,A() 98')983,6, ?&7
7F3767 67. *94+.7 7F,478 *7458'93(< 78 3&,8'( )7?&97)7 3(8*',',) .(* 7F')74(* *(A)7 .(*
3&,.7* *7 C, +)(8&839,6( 7. +7)9'( > *& 3())7*+(867839, 3(8 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67 C73C(*
(+()'&8, > '74+7*'9;,478'7 98')(6&396,* +() .,* +,)'7* > 67 ., 8737*96,6< +,), *& 3())73',
7.&396,39=8< 67 3(8(394978'(* 7*+739,.9G,6(* ,B78(* , ., 397839, B&)E693,.
A/ E8 &8 *7:&86( 4(478'(< 67A7 3,.9@93,)< ,*949*4( 67 4(6( 9869;96&,.9G,6( > 78 ,'7839=8
, .,* 3,),3'7)E*'93,* +,)'93&.,)7* 67 3,6, 4769( > , .,* 7;78'&,.7* 983967839,* ,3,7396,*
6&),8'7 *& +)53'93, JJ',3C,6&),*< ),*+,6&),* ( 7849786,* 78 .(* 6(3&478'(*M 7F9*'7839, ( 8(
67 @9)4,*< *7..(* & (')(* 4769(* 67 ,&'78'93,39=8M 3(8'&867839,< ;,39.,39(87* (
3(8'),69339(87* 78 .,* +,)'7* > .(* '7*'9:(* ,. 67+(87) ( 98')(6&339=8 67 C9+='7*9* (
3(8B7'&),*M )73&*,39=8 67 +7)9'(*M ',3C, 67 +7)9'(* ( 67 '7*'9:(*M ,3.,),39(87* (
)73'9@93,39(87* 67. 693',478< 7'3.JJ< ., 96(8796,6 (AB7'9;, > 78 ,A*'),3'( 67 .(* )7*&.',6(* ?&7
,))(B78 +,), ,*78',) *(A)7 ,?&7..(* *& 3(8;9339=8.
2.J Si!'"/$! %" ,$#r$ci0n %" #$ pr("1$:
1/ Li1r" )(%ici$#; ?&7 *&+(87 ., ;,.(),39=8 +() 7. J&7G 67 ., +)&7A, *7:K8 *& 3(8;9339=8
+*93(.=:93,M 67 @()4, ',. ?&7 ., L7> .7 67B, 78 .9A7)',6 +,), &'9.9G,) .,* 45F94,* 67
7F+7)97839, ?&7 3)7, 3(8;78978'7< .( 3&,. 8( *&+(87 *9*'74, H69*3)739(8,. ( ,)A9'),)9(I< *98(
),G(8,6(< 3(8 7F,478 .=:93( 67 '(6(* .(* 7.7478'(* +)(A,'()9(* %4D'(6( 67 ., ),G=8 > 67 .,
.=:93,/. S7 ,A)7 +,*( 678')( 67 7*'7 *9*'74, 67 ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, *& ,+)739,39=8
3(8@()47 ,. 678(498,6( 3)9'7)9( 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< ?&7 8( +,)737 67@9896( 78 .(* '7F'(*
+)(37*,.7*< +7)( ?&7 )7*+(867 , &8 3)9'7)9( 67 3(8@9,8G, 78 7. B&7G > , ., 967, 67 &8, @&86,6,
> ),G(8,A.7 ,+)739,39=8 67 ., +)&7A,. A&8 3&,86( ,.:K8 *73'() 67 ., 6(3')98, C,8 +)7'78696(
67@989) 7. *9*'74, 67 ;,.(),39=8 3(8@()47 , .,* )7:.,* 67 ., H!$n$ cr2'ic$U 3(4( &8 H'7)'9&*
:78&*I< , 4769( 3,498( 78')7 ., +)&7A, ',*,6, > ., .9A)7 ;,.(),39=8< ., 6(3')98, 4,>()9',)9,
*&A),>, ., E8'94, ;983&.,39=8 78')7 ,+)739,39=8 .9A)7 ( 69*3)739(8,. > ., ;,.(),39=8 )7,.9G,6,
*7:K8 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< > *& 7?&9+,),39=8< 78 3(8'),*'7 3(8 7. *9*'74, 67 +)&7A,
',*,6, ( .7:,.478'7 ;,.(),6,.
2/ L".$# '$!$%$; *&+(87 ?&7 7. ;,.() 67 ., +)&7A, ;9787 67'7)498,6( 78 ., L7><
94+(89D86(*7 ,. B&G:,6() &8 67'7)498,6( 3)9'7)9( ;,.(),'9;( 67 ., +)&7A,< ,&8 78 3(8'), 67
*& +)(+9, 3(8;9339=8. A?&E ., &'9.9G,39=8 67 45F94,* 67 7F+7)97839, ;9787 94+&7*', +() .,
L7>< > 7. J&7G 7*'5 ;983&.,6, +() 7..,*< 67A9786( ,+.93,).,* ,. 3,*( 3(83)7'(. E8 )7,.96,6< *7
'),', 67 )7:.,* 67 98@7)7839, HB&)E693,I< 3&>, (A.9:,'()976,6 ;9787 6,6, +() 7. D7)73C(< 3(8
9867+7867839, 67 ?&7 *7,8 ( 8( 74+E)93,478'7 ;5.96,*< 7 C9*'=)93,478'7 )7*+(86E, ,.
3)9'7)9( 67 .949',) .,* @,3&.',67* 67. J&7G. A3'&,.478'7< 7* &8 3)9'7)9( 67 ;,.(),39=8
+)(A,'()9, ?&7 '97867 , *7) .949',6( > ?&7 '9787 *& B&*'9@93,39=8 78 ., *7:&)96,6 B&)E693,.
3/ Mi?'; ?&7 3(4+,'9A9.9G, .(* 6(* ,8'7)9()7*< ,'78&586(*7 7. ,.3,837 67. .7:,. %,')9A&96(
'),6939(8,.478'7 , ., 3(8@7*9=8 > , ., 6(3&478',./< > (+',86( 3(4( )7:., :787),. +() 7.
+)947)(< 78 7. 3,*( 67 .,* +)&7A,*L '7*'9@93,.< +7)939,.< > 67 )73(8(394978'( B&6939,.. E8
24$
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
67@989'9;,< *7 94+(87 67 &8 *9*'74, 67 +)&7A, 67 .9A)7 ;,.(),39=8 3(8 3(837*9(87* ,.
+)9839+9( 67 ;,.(),39=8 .7:,..
L, 8()4,'9;, :787),. *(A)7 ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A,< )73(:7 .(* 4,* 4(67)8(* 3)9'7)9(*
'78678'7*< +() &8 .,6(< , .949',) .(* *9*'74,* 67 +)&7A, ',*,6,< >< +() (')(< , 7.9498,) '(6(
7.7478'( 67 ,)A9'),)976,6< +&7* ., ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9, 67A7 67 *7) 4('9;,6, 67 4,87),
.9A)7 > ),G(8,6, 78 ., *78'7839,< ,'7869786( *974+)7 , .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< 67.
3(8(394978'( > 3)9'7)9( C&4,8(< ,*E 3(4( 67 ,3&7)6( , .,* 8()4,* ?&7 )9:78 7.
),G(8,4978'( .=:93(< *,.;( ?&7 7. C=69:( +)(37*,. & ('), .7> 7*',A.7G3, &8, ;,.(),39=8 .7:,.
67 4,87), 7F+)7*, 7 987?&E;(3,. P() 7..(< 78 ., 8&7;, .7:9*.,39=8 +)(37*,. ,3(:7 &8 *9*'74,
67 ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, @&86,6( 78 ., 3(8@9,8G, 78 ., @&839=8 B&6939,.< > *7 )7:&., 7.
8&7;( *9*'74, 67 ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9, ,3&69786( , ., 967, 67 *,8, 3)E'93, > 67 .=:93(
),G(8,4978'(< .949',86( ., +)&7A, ',*,6, , ., 3(8*967),39=8 67 ?&7 ., ;,.(),39=8 .7:,. 67 .,
+)&7A, *=.( 7* ,649*9A.7 78 7. 98'7))(:,'()9( 67 +,)'7* > 78 ., +)&7A, 6(3&478',.< >
K893,478'7 3&,86( &8, 8()4, ,*E .( 9869?&7 7F+)7*,478'7 ( *7 676&G3, 67 7..,
987?&E;(3,478'7. L, ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 78 7. +)(37*( 39;9.< 67A7)5 *7) 4('9;,6, 67
4,87), +)739*, > ),G(8,6, 78 ., *78'7839,< ,'7869786( *974+)7 , .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,<
67. 3(8(394978'( > 3)9'7)9( C&4,8(< ,*E 3(4( 67 ,3&7)6( , .,* 8()4,* ?&7 )9:78 7.
),G(8,4978'( .=:93(< *,.;( ?&7 7*'7 C=69:( & ('), .7> 7*',A.7G3, 67 4,87), 7F+)7*, 7
987?&E;(3, &8, ;,.(),39=8 .7:,. 69*'98',. L, ;,.(),39=8 67 .(* 69*'98'(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,
67A7)5 676&39)*7 67 4,87), 3.,), > '7)498,8'7 67 .(* @&86,478'(* @53'93(* > B&)E693(* 67 .,
*78'7839,< A,B( *,839=8 67 8&.96,6.
A @98 67 :,),8'9G,) 7*, 7F3.&*9=8 67 ., ,)A9'),)976,6< > 3(4( 4769( +,), C,37) 7@73'9;( 7.
3(837+'( &8 ',8'( 69@&*( 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< *7 +('7839, 7. principi %" #$ /'i,$ci0n %" #$!
r"!#(cin"! )(%ici$#"!; > *7 7*',A.737 ?&7 ., ;,.(),39=8 67 .(* 69*'98'(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A,
67A7)5 676&39)*7 67 4,87), 3.,), > '7)498,8'7 67 .(* @&86,478'(* @53'93(* > B&)E693(* 67 .,
*78'7839,< 3(8*967),6(* 9869;96&,.478'7 > 78 3(8B&8'(< ,B&*'586(*7 *974+)7 , .,* )7:.,* 67 .,
.=:93, > 67 ., ),G=8.
E* 7*', &8, 3&7*'9=8 @&86,478',. > 8&3.7,) 78 ., 8&7;, 3(837+39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 78 7.
+)(37*( 39;9.< >< 78 3(8*73&7839,< +,), *& ,673&,6, ,+.93,39=8 > 3(4+)78*9=8< +() .( ?&7
)7*&.', 8737*,)9( )7,.9G,) ,.:&8,* 3(8*967),39(87* :787),.7*.
1P.J L, ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9, 67 .(* =):,8(* 78B&939,6()7* 67A7 67 *7) )7*+7',6, +() .(*
')9A&8,.7* 67 ,+7.,39=8< >< *(A)7 '(6(< 67 3,*,39=8< 78 ',8'( 8( *7 674&7*')7 ?&7 7. B&G:,6()
983&))9= 78 7))() 67 C73C(< ( ?&7 *&* ;,.(),39(87* )7*&.',8 9.=:93,*< (+&7*',* , .,* 45F94,*
67 ., 7F+7)97839, ( 67 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< 67 ,CE ?&7 *7, +(*9A.7 ?&7 678')( 67 .,*
@,3&.',67* ?&7 *7 3(8376,8 , J&737* > T)9A&8,.7* 67 98*',839, 678 69@7)78'7 ;,.() , .(*
4769(* +)(A,'()9(* +&7*'(* , *& ,.3,837 7< 983.&*(< (+',) 78')7 7..( +() 7. ?&7 7*'9478 45*
3(8;78978'7 > ,B&*',6( , ., )7,.96,6 67 .(* C73C(*. P() 7..(< ,&8?&7 ., 7*+739,. 8,'&),.7G, 67.
)73&)*( 67 ,+7.,39=8 +7)49'7 ,. T)9A&8,. 3(8(37) TE8'7:),478'7T ., 3&7*'9=8 )7*&7.', 78
+)947), 98*',839,< +&69786( 8( *=.( )7;(3,)< ,6939(8,)< *&+.9) > 784786,) .,* *78'7839,* 67
.(* 98@7)9()7*< *98( 693',)< )7*+73'( 67 '(6,* .,* 3&7*'9(87* 67A,'96,*< 7. +)(8&839,4978'( ?&7
+)(376,< *98 74A,):(< ., ;,.(),39=8 67 ., +)&7A, 7* &8, 3&7*'9=8 ?&7 *7 67B, ,. #i1r"
250
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
$r1i'ri %"# J("7 %" In!'$nci$; "n c($n' :(" #$ $c'i,i%$% in'"#"c'($# %" ,$#r$ci0n %"
#$! pr("1$! *7 983,)698, 78 7. 54A9'( +)(+9( 67 .,* @,3&.',67* 67. B&G:,6()< 67 ',. *&7)'7 ?&7<
3&,86( *7 '),', 67 ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9,< ., )7;9*9=8 67 ., S78'7839, +() 7. T)9A&8,. 67
A+7.,39=8 67A7)5 67 378'),)*7 78 3(4+)(A,) ?&7 ,?&D.., ,+,)737 *&@93978'7478'7 7F+)7*,6,
78 ., )7*(.&39=8 )73&))96, > ?&7 8( ,6(.737 67 7))()< ,)A9'),)976,6< 98*&@9397839,<
983(8:)&7839, ( 3(8'),69339=8< *98 ?&7 +() .( 6745* )7*&.'7 .E39'( *&*'9'&9) 7. 3)9'7)9(
9867+786978'7 > (AB7'9;( 67. J&7G 67 I8*',839, +() 7. 3)9'7)9( +7)*(8,. 7 98'7)7*,6( 67 ., +,)'7
)73&))78'7.
2P.J C(8*73&7839, 67 .( ,8'7)9() > 67. +)9839+9( 67 984769,39=8 B&6939,. 7. +)(37*( 39;9. 67A7
3(83.&9) T,6 989'9(T +() 7. )7*+7'( , ., ;,.(),39=8 +)(A,'()9, )7,.9G,6, +() 7. B&G:,6() 67
98*',839, *,.;(< 7F37+39=8< ?&7 ,+,)7G3, 3.,),478'7 ?&7< 78 +)947) .&:,)< 7F9*', &8,
987F,3'9'&6 ( 4,89@97*'( 7))() 78 ., ,+)739,39=8 67 ., +)&7A, (< 78 *7:&86( .&:,)< ?&7 7.
+)(+9( )7.,'( @53'93( *7, (*3&)(< 94+)739*( ( 6&A9','9;(< 9898'7.9:9A.7< 983(4+.7'(<
983(8:)&78'7 ( 3(8'),693'()9(.
.J L, 7F9:7839, 67 4('9;,39=8 @53'93, 67 .,* *78'7839,* *&+(87 ., 7F+.93,39=8 A,*',8'7 +() 7.
B&G:,6() *(A)7 3=4( (A'9787 *& 3(8;78394978'( )7*+73'( , .(* C73C(* ?&7 78'97867 +)(A,6(*
, +,)'9) 67 .,* +)&7A,* +),3'93,6,*. E* 6739)< *&+(87 7F+.939',) 78 ., *78'7839, ., Vr$'i
%"ci%"n%iU 67. +)(37*(< , @98 67 ?&7 7*, ),G=8 67 ., 6739*9=8 B&6939,. *7, 3(8(396, +() .,*
+,)'7* > +&76, *7) *(47'96, , 94+&:8,39=8 > 3(8'),69339=8 ,8'7 7. ')9A&8,. 67 ,+7.,39=8.
AC(), A978< 7..( 8( 94+967 ., ;,.(),39=8 ( ,+)739,39=8 3(8B&8', 67 ., +)&7A, +),3'93,6,< +&7*
7. 67A7) 67 4('9;,39=8 8( :,),8'9G, ?&7 3,6, &8, 67 .,* +)&7A,* +),3'93,6,* C,>, 67 *7)
(AB7'( 78 ., *78'7839, 67 &8 ,85.9*9* 9869;96&,.9G,6( > 7F+.E39'( *98( ?&7< ,8'7* A978< 7*
+7)@73',478'7 +(*9A.7 &8, ,$#r$ci0n cn)(n'$ %" #$! pr("1$! pr$c'ic$%$!< ?&7 7* &8
*9*'74, 8737*,)9(< +() 7B74+.(< 3&,86( ;,)9(* 4769(* 67 +)&7A, *7 3(4+.7478',8 78')7 *E (<
983.&*(< 3&,86( 7. )7*&.',6( 67 &8(* 983967 78 7. )7*&.',6( 67 (')(*.
=-4 Cnc"p' %" !$n$ cr2'ic$-
L,* )7:.,* 67 ., TS,8, 3)E'93,T 8( ,+,)7378 67@9896,* 78 .(* '7F'(* +)(37*,.7*. N( (A*',8'7<
67 ., .73'&), 67 .,* )7*7-,* .7:,.7* > 67 69;7)*, B&)9*+)&67839, +(674(* 98693,) ?&7 *(8
,?&D..(* 3)9'7)9(* 67 ;,.(),39=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* ?&7 94+9678 ,. =):,8( B&)9*69339(8,. ,3'&,)
3(8 ,)A9'),)976,6 ,. ,'7867) ,. *78'96( 3(4K8 78 &8 '974+( > &8 7*+,39( 67'7)498,6(*. E*'(
+&767 3(8..7;,)< +() 7B74+.( ?&7 &8 B&7G< ,. ;,.(),) &8, +)&7A, +7)939,.< 8( 67A, *(47'7)*7
94+7)9(*,478'7 ,. 693',478 749'96( +() 7. +7)9'(M ('), 3&7*'9=8 69@7)78'7 *7)E, ?&7 7. +)(37*(
676&3'9;( )7,.9G,6( +() 7. B&G:,6() 3C(3,), 67 4,87), 3.,), 3(8 .( ?&7 *7)E, .=:93( 78 7*,
;,.(),39=8 +7)939,. & (49', 6,'(* @,39.9',6(* 78 7. 98@()47M +7)( *9 7*',* 39)3&8*',839,* 8( *7
6,8< 7* .9A)7 7. B&7G 67 ;,.(),) 7*7 98@()47 3(8@()47 7*'947 45* (+()'&8(.
E8 7*'7 *78'96(< +)(3767 )73()6,) ., 67@98939=8 3.5*93, 67 Co!t!re 3&,86( 6937 TL,* )7:.,*
67 ., *,8, 3)E'93, *(8 )7:.,* 67. 3())73'( 78'78694978'( C&4,8(< 3(8'98:78'7* > ;,)9,A.7* 3(8
)7.,39=8 , ., 7F+7)97839, 67. '974+( > 67. .&:,)< +7)( 7*',A.7* 78 3&,8'( , .(* +)9839+9(*
.=:93(* 78 ?&7 67A7 ,+(>,)*7 ., +)&7A, 67 .(* C73C(* 78 ., 3(8@()4,39=8 67 ., *78'7839,T.
1"
1"
.J COUTURE< E.J.L Est!dios de Derec"o Procesal Civil1Bomo II< 2O 76939=8< E6939(87* D7 P,.4,< B&78(* A9)7*< 1$7"< +. 1$5
251
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
A*E< *7 C,8 9678'9@93,6( 3(8 .,* _45* 7.7478',.7* 69)73')937* 67 ., .=:93, C&4,8,` 3(8
_8()4,* ),39(8,.7*` 3(8 7. _*78'96( 3(4K8` 3(8 .,* 8()4,* 67 ., .=:93, 7.7478',. ( , .,*
)7:.,* 3(4&87* 67 ., 7F+7)97839, C&4,8, 3(8 7. _.(:(* 67 .( ),G(8,A.7` 3(8 7. _3)9'7)9(
C&4,8(` 7. _),G(8,4978'( .=:93(` 3(8 ., _.=:93, +.78,` 3(8 7. _3)9'7)9( .=:93(` ( 3(8 7.
_),39(3989( C&4,8(`. E8 +&8'( , +)739*,) ?&D *7, 78 K.'94( 'D)498( ., )7,.96,6 ?&7 *&A>,37
78 7. 4(67.(< 8()4,< +,')=8 ( )7@7)7839, 67 3(86&3', ;,.(),'9;, 678(498,6, T*,8, 3)E'93,T<
3(4( 7*+7397 67 *',86,)6 B&)E693( ( 3(837+'( B&)E693( 78 A.,83( ( 9867'7)498,6(< 67A7 67
98693,)*7 ?&7 8( 7* *98(< 78 &8 .78:&,B7 +)(+9( 67. T.(:(* 67 .( ),G(8,A.7T< 3&,86( 7. B&939(
;,.(),'9;( 67 ., +)&7A, )7,.9G,6( +() 7. =):,8( *7 C&A97*7 ,.3,8G,6( &8, ,@9)4,39=8 (
)7*&.',6( ),G(8,A.7 > ?&7 8( *7, 3(8'),)9( , .,* 45* 7.7478',.7* 69)73')937* 67 ., .=:93,
C&4,8, ,396,* 67 ., 7F+7)97839,. A*E< 3(4( 3(837+'(* 67@989'()9(* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93, +&767
983.&9)*7 78 ., 6(3')98, B&)9*+)&67839,. 67. T)9A&8,. S&+)74( 78 E*+,-, .,* *9:&978'7*L
• H69)73')937* 67 ., .=:93, C&4,8,` SS.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 13 67 @7A)7)( 67 1$$0<
10 67 4,)G( 67 1$$4< 11 67 (3'&A)7 67 1$$4< 3 67 ,A)9. 67 1$$5< 26 67 ,A)9. 67 1$$5
> 17 67 4,>( 67 1$$5 .
• _8()4,* ),39(8,.7*` S.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 3 67 ,A)9. 67 1$"7.
• _*78'96( 3(4K8` SS.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 21 67 ,A)9. 67 1$"" > 1" 67 4,>( 67
1$$0.
• H8()4,* 67 ., .=:93, 7.7478',. ( , .,* )7:.,* 3(4&87* 67 ., 7F+7)97839, C&4,8,I<
SS.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 15 67 (3'&A)7 67 1$$1 > " 67 8(;974A)7 67 1$$6.
• _.(:(* 67 .( ),G(8,A.7` S.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 13 67 @7A)7)( 67 1$$0.
• _3)9'7)9( C&4,8(` S.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 2" 67 B&.9( 67 1$$4.
• _),G(8,4978'( .=:93(` STS S,., P)947),< 67 1" 67 (3'&A)7 67 1$$4 > 30 67
693974A)7 67 1$$7.
• _.=:93, +.78,` S.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 " 67 4,>( 67 1$$5.
• _3)9'7)9( .=:93(` SS.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 24 67 8(;974A)7 67 1$$5 > 30 67 B&.9( 67
1$$$.
• _),39(3989( C&4,8(`S.S.T.S.< S,., P)947),< 67 10 67 693974A)7 67 1$$0
E8 )7.,39=8 3(8 ., +)&7A, +7)939,. *7 ;9787 78'7869786( ?&7 *7 ,3'K, 3(8'), 7. 67A7) 67 .,
*,8, 3)E'93, 78 .(* *9:&978'7* 3,*(*L
,/ C&,86( *7 (49'78 6,'(* ( 3(837+'(* ?&7 @9:&)78 78 7. 693',478 +7)939,. > 7. +)(37*(
676&3'9;( )7,.9G,6( 3C(?&7 67 &8, 4,87), 7;9678'7 > 4,89@97*', 3(8 7. ),39(3989( C&4,8(<
;&.87),86( ., *,8, 3)E'93,< & (49'9786( &8 6,'( ( 3(837+'( ?&7 @9:&)7 78 7. 693',478<
7*',A.739786( 3(8 7..( ,*+73'(* @53'93(* 69*'98'(* 67 .(* ?&7 )7,.478'7 *7 C,8 ?&7)96( ..7;,) ,
.(* ,&'(*.
A/ C&,86( 7. B&G:,6() *7 ,+,)', 67. +)(+9( 3(8'7F'( ( 7F+)7*9;96,6 67. 3(8'7896( +7)939,. >
3&,86( 7. J&G:,6() '7):9;7)*7 (*'78*9A.7478'7 .,* 3(83.&*9(87* +7)939,.7* ( @,.*77 78 @()4,
,)A9'),)9, *&* 693',6(* ( 7F'),9:, 676&339(87* ,A*&)6,* ( 9.=:93,*
252
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
3/ C&,86( *7 +)(3767 3(8 ,)A9'),)976,6. C(8 .( ?&7 ;9787 , *,839(8,) ?&7 ,&8?&7 *&
,+)739,39=8 *7 67B, ,. 3)9'7)9( 67. J&7G< D*'7 8( +&767 +)(3767) ,)A9'),)9,478'7< *98(
*&B7'586(*7 , 7*,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,< ?&7 *(8 .,* 67 ., .=:93, > 67. *78'96( 3(4K8.
6/ 3&,86( .,* ,+)739,39(87* 67. B&G:,6() 8( *(8 3(C7)78'7*. E*', *9'&,39=8 *7 +)(6&39)5
3&,86( ., +)&7A, *7 ;,.()7 3(8 78 &8 7))() 8('()9(< ( @,.', +,'78'7 67 .=:93,< 3(8 &8,
3(83.&*9=8 ,A*&)6,< ( A978 3(8 &8 3)9'7)9( 67*()A9',6( ( 9)),39(8,.< ( 98@),339=8 +,.4,)9, 67
.,* )7:.,* 67 ., 3(4K8 7F+7)97839,.
E8 67@989'9;,< +(674(* 3(83.&9) ?&7 7. @98 K.'94( 67 ., ,3'9;96,6 +)(A,'()9, 7* .,
674(*'),39=8 67 .,* ,@9)4,39(87* 67 C73C( )7,.9G,6,* +() .,* +,)'7* 78 *&* ,3'(* ,.7:,'()9(*
3(4( @&86,478'( 67 *&* )7*+73'9;,* +)7'78*9(87* > ?&7 *& ;,.(),39=8 B&6939,. 7F9:7 '),A,B(<
9867+7867839, 67 3)9'7)9( > C(8),67G 98'7.73'&,.. T,4A9D8 &8 3(8(394978'( +)(@&86( 67 .,
'D3893, B&)E693,< 3(4( 98*')&478'( 94+)7*39869A.7 +,), .(:),) ., B&*'939, 78 3,6, 3,*(. T,8
94+)7*39869A.7 3(4( &8, 478'7 .9A7),6(), 7 94,:98,'9;, ?&7 8( ;7, 78 7. '7F'( 7*3)9'( 67 .,*
.7>7* ., 984769,', *(.&39=8. E. B&7G 67A7 (A7697839, , ., L7>< +7)(< 3(4( 78'7869= P"ilip
;ecO
5C
*7 '),', 67 &8, T(A7697839, +78*,8'7T.
CAP5TULO VI
ANTICIPACIÓN Y ASEGURAMIENTO DE LA PRUEBA

ARTICULO 8@C-4 SUPUESTOS DE ANTICIPACION DE LA PRUEBA
3- An'"! %" inici$r "n c($#:(i"r prc"!; "# +('(r %"/$n%$n'" p%r> !#ici'$r #$
pr>c'ic$ $n'icip$%$ %" $#.9n $c' %" pr("1$; c($n% !" %i"r$n r$7n"! %" (r."nci$
"?i!'i"r$ '"/r +(n%$% %" :("; pr c$(!$ %" #$! p"r!n$! pr "# "!'$% %" #$!
c!$!; %ic&! $c'! n p("%$n r"$#i7$r!" "n "# //"n' prc"!$# r%in$ri- L$
!#ici'(% !" %iri.ir> $# )("7 'ri1(n$# :(" !" cn!i%"r" c/p"'"n'" p$r$ "#
cnci/i"n' %" #$ pr"'"n!i0n princip$#; :(" "?$/in$r> %" +ici !( prpi$
)(ri!%icci0n * c/p"'"nci$-
8- D(r$n'" #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %"# prc"! c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! p%r> !#ici'$r #$
pr>c'ic$ $n'icip$%$ %" pr("1$ "n #! c$!! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 4< $< 12< 23< 24< 27< 2"< 2$< 32< 34< 247< 67. CPC.
1$
.J C9',6( +() E6&,)6( G,)3E, 67 E8'7))E,< 78 -e/le2iones sobre la Ley y los principios generales del Derec"o. C&,67)8(*
C9;9',*< 1$"4.
253
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
Co)etario*
L, +)&7A, ,8'939+,6,< 3(8*9*'7 78 ., +)53'93, 67 3&,.?&97) 4769( 67 +)&7A, 78 &8 4(478'(
,8'7)9() ,. +)(37*(< 3&,86( 7F9*', '74() ?&7 *7 +97)6,< C,39786( 94+(*9A.7 *& ,+()',39=8 ,.
+)(37*(. S7 '),', 8( 67 ,*7:&),) ., @&78'7< *98( 67 +),3'93,) 7. 4769( 67 +)&7A, 678')( 67 .,
.7:,.96,6< +7)'987839, > &'9.96,6. S7 +)7*78',8 6(* *&+&7*'(* 78 7*', 8()4,'9;, +)(37*,.<
*9786(L
1/ An'"! %" inici$r (n prc"!- P,), ?&7 7. B&7G ('():&7 ;,.() , ., +)&7A, ,8'939+,6, 67A78
67 3&4+.9)*7 397)'(* )7?&9*9'(*L
,/ S9 +),3'93,6, 7. 4769( 67 +)&7A, 8( *7 98'7)+(87 78 7. +.,G( 67 &8 47* ., 674,86,
3())7*+(86978'7< 693C, +)&7A, 3,)737)5 67 ;,.()M
A/ E. 98'7)7*,6( 67A7 @&86,478',)*7 78 7. '74() ?&7 '9787 ?&7 , 3,&*, 67 +7)*(8,*
%78@7)476,6< ,&*7839,< 7'3./< ( +() 7. 7*',6( 67 .,* 3(*,* %A9787* +7)73767)(*< 78
3(8*')&339=8< 7'3./< 693C(* 4769(* 8( +&76,8 )7,.9G,)*7 78 7. '974+( :787),.478'7
7*',A.7396(< 78 7*'7 3,*( *7 67A7 +)739*,) ., ( .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 *7 +)7'7867 674,86,)< , @98
67 ?&7 +,)'939+78 78 ., 49*4,M
3/ ., +)53'93, ,8'939+,6, 67 ,.:K8 4769( 67 +)&7A, 67A7 *&B7',)*7 ,. +)9839+9( 67
3(8'),69339=8< >, ?&7 *7 67 7*, 4,87), *7 :,),8'9G,)5 ., 98'7);7839=8 67 '(6,* .,* +,)'7*M
6/ 78 ,+.93,39=8 ,. +)9839+9( 67 I84769,39=8< 7* 9869*+78*,A.7 ., 98'7);7839=8 67. B&7G ?&7
C,>, 67 3(8(37) 7. +)(37*(< 7..( 94+.93, ?&7 67A7 67'7)498,) *& B&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839,
(AB7'9;,< ,*E 3(4( ., '7))9'()9,.M
7/ C&,86( *7 +),3'93, ,8'7* 67 @()4,)*7 7. +)(37*(< ., S73)7',)E, ., 4,8'786)5 78 3&*'(69,<
+,), *7) &896, , .(* ,&'(* .&7:( 67 98'7)+&7*', ., 674,86,< +7)( 7..( 8( *9:89@93, ?&7 +97)6,
*& ;,.(),39=8. E8 3,*( 67 '787) ?&7 )7,.9G,)*7 8&7;,478'7 6&),8'7 7. +)(37*(< > *9 ,.:&8,
+,)'7 .( *(.939',*7< 693C, +)&7A, 67A7)5 +),3'93,)*7< +7)( ., ,8'939+,6, 8( +7)67)5 *&
;,.(),39=8< ., 3&,. *7)5 3(8*967),6, 3(8 .,* )7:.,* 67 ., *,8, 3)E'93,.J
8) D(r$n'" "# prc"!< 7* 6739) 3&,86( >, 98939,6( 7. +)(37*(< 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*
*(.939'7 ., +)53'93, 67 +)&7A, ,8'939+,6,. P7)( 78 ,4A(* *&+&7*'(*< ,+,)7378 3(4( )7?&9*9'(*
.,* ),G(87* 67 &):7839, ( 7. '74() @&86,6( 67 ?&7< +() 3,&*, 67 +7)*(8,* ( +() 7. 7*',6( 78
?&7 *7 783&78')78 .,* 3(*,*< .,* +)&7A,* 8( *7 +&76,8 )7,.9G,). L( ,8'7)9() +)739*, ?&7 7. B&7G
,8'7* 67 ,649'9) 7*', 3.,*7 67 +)&7A,< 67A7 7*',) *&@93978'7478'7 3(83978'7 67 ?&7 78 )7,.96,6
7F9*'7 &8 +7.9:)( ( '74() @&86,6(< >, ?&7 *9 +7)39A7 ?&7 ., +)&7A, ?&7 *7 *(.939', *7
+),3'9?&7 ,8'939+,6,478'7< A978 *7 +&767 +),3'93,) 78 7. 4(478'( +)(37*,. (+()'&8( +,), ',.
7@73'(< 78'(837* 67A7)5 *98 .&:,) , 6&6,*< 8( ,33767) , ',. +7'939=8.

ART5CULO 8@E-4 PROPOSICION Y PRLCTICA DE PRUEBA ANTICIPADA AL
INICIO DEL PROCESO-
3- L$ prp!ici0n %" pr("1$ $n'icip$%$ !" &$r> cn+r/" $ # %i!p("!' "n "!'"
C0%i. p$r$ c$%$ /"%i pr1$'ri; "?pni"n% #$! r$7n"! "n :(" !" $p*" #$
p"'ici0n- A!i/i!/ "# !#ici'$n'" %"!i.n$r> #$ p"r!n$ p"r!n$! $ #$! :(" !"
prpn.$ %"/$n%$r; :(" !"r>n ci'$%$!; cn $# /"n! cinc KB) %2$! %" $n'"#$ci0n;
p$r$ :(" p("%$n in'"r,"nir "n #$ pr>c'ic$ %"# /"%i %" pr("1$- Si "# )(7.$%
254
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
'ri1(n$# "!'i/$r" +(n%$%$ #$ p"'ici0n; $cc"%"r> $ "##$; %i!pni"n% !( pr>c'ic$ "n
#$ +r/$ r%in$ri$-
8- N !" 'r.$r> ,$#r pr1$'ri $ # $c'($% !i #$ %"/$n%$ n !" in'"rp(!i"r" "n "#
p#$7 %" (n /"! %"!%" :(" #$ pr("1$ $n'icip$%$ !" pr$c'ic0; !$#, :(" !" $cr"%i'$r"
:("; pr +("r7$ /$*r c$! +r'(i'; n p(% inici$r!" "# prc"! %"n'r %" %ic&
p#$7-
=- P$r$ #! "+"c'! %" #$ in/"%i$ci0n #$ pr("1$ $n'icip$%$ !"r> in'r%(ci%$ "n #$
$(%i"nci$ pr1$'ri$ /"%i$n'" !( #"c'(r$ * %" !"r p!i1#" !( r"pr%(cci0n-
@- L$ pr("1$ pr$c'ic$%$ $n'icip$%$/"n'" p%r> r"$#i7$r!" %" n(", !i; "n "#
//"n' prc"!$# pr'(n; +("r$ p!i1#" ##",$r#$ $ c$1 * $#.(n$ %" #$! p$r'"! $!2
# !#ici'$r$- En '$# c$!; "# 'ri1(n$# r%"n$r> !( pr>c'ic$ * ,$#r$r> !".9n #$!
r".#$! %" #$ !$n$ cr2'ic$ '$n' #$ r"$#i7$%$ $n'icip$%$/"n'" c/ #$ "+"c'($%$ "n "#
//"n' prc"!$# pr'(n-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 11$.4< 123< 124.1< 124.4< 124.5< 125< 126< 251< 253<26$< 271< 27"< 2"1< 2$2< 2$3<
315< 32"< 344< 346< 67. CPC.
Co)etario*
D7*+7B,6, ., 6&6, *(A)7 ., B&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839, 67. ')9A&8,.< ., +,)'7 98'7)7*,6, 78
*(.939',) *7 ,649', ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, ,8'939+,6,< 67A7)5 67 ,B&*',)*7 , .( ?&7 7*',A.737
., 8()4,'9;, +)(37*,. *(A)7 3,6, &8( 67 .(* 4769(* +)(A,'()9(*< +&8'( 94+()',8'7 *7)5 ?&7 .,
+,)'7 +7'939(8,)9, 7*',A.7G3, .,* ),G(87* +() .,* ?&7 *(.939', 693C, +)&7A, %&):7839, (
'74()/< 7. 8(4A)7 67 7. ( .(* @&'&)(* 674,86,6(*. A649'96, ., +)&7A,< 7. B&7G ()678,)5 39',)
, .,* +7)*(8,* ?&7 *7 +)7'786, 674,86,)< 3(8 ,. 478(* 3983( %5/ 6E,* 67 ,8'939+,39=8< , @98
67 ?&7 +&76,8 '787) +,)'939+,39=8 78 ., +)53'93, 67. 4769( 67 +)&7A, *(.939',6(M 78 3,*( 67
7*'94,) 7. B&7G ?&7 783&78'), @&86,478'( +,), +),3'93,).,< D*', *7 C,)5 78 ., @()4, ()698,)9,.
L, +)&7A, ?&7 *7 +),3'9?&7 67 4,87), ,8'939+,6,< '786)5 ;,.() +)(A,'()9( > 3(8*967),6, +()
7. B&7G< *974+)7 ?&7 ., 674,86, *7 +)7*78'7 78 7. +.,G( 67 &8 47*< 67*67 ., @73C, 78 ?&7 *7
+),3'93(< *,.;( ?&7 *7 ,3)769'7 ?&7 +() @&7)G, 4,>() ( 3,*( @()'&9'( @&7 94+(*9A.7 +)7*78',).,
78 '974+(.
L, +)&7A, ,8'939+,6, *7 ,+()',)5 78 ., ,&697839, +)(A,'()9,< 4769,8'7 *& .73'&),< > *7
)7+)(6&39)5 *9 7* +(*9A.7. S(A)7 7*', )7+)(6&339=8 8( *7 6, 4&3C, 7F+.93,39=8< +7)( *E *7
7*',A.737 ?&7 7* , +7'939=8 67 +,)'7< 67A9786( 7. ')9A&8,. 3(8*967),) *9 693C, +)&7A, 7*
+(*9A.7 ..7;,)., 8&7;,478'7 , 3,A(< 67 *7) ,*E< *7 +),3'93,)5 > *7)58 ;,.(),6,* ',8'( .,
,8'939+,6, 3(4( ., +),3'93,6, 78 7. 4(478'( +)(37*,. (+()'&8(< 3(8@()47 , .,* )7:.,* 67 .,
*,8, 3)E'93, 67. B&7G.

255
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
ART5CULO 8@F-4 CUSTODIA DE LOS RESULTADOS DE LA PRUEBA
ANTICIPADA-
3- L! %c(/"n'! * %"/>! pi"7$! %" cn,icci0n "n :(" cn!i!'$n #$! pr("1$!
$n'icip$%$!; :(" !" 1'"n.$n c/ cn!"c("nci$ %" !( pr>c'ic$; $!2 c/ #!
/$'"ri$#"! :(" p("%$n r"+#")$r +i"#/"n'" #$! $c'($cin"! pr1$'ri$! r"$#i7$%$! *
!(! r"!(#'$%!; :("%$r>n 1$) #$ c(!'%i$ %"# !"cr"'$ri &$!'$ :(" !" in'"rpn.$ #$
%"/$n%$-
8- Si %" #$ %"/$n%$ &(1i"!" %" cnc"r "n %"+ini'i,$ (n 'ri1(n$# %i!'in' %"# :("
$cr%0 * pr$c'ic0 #$ pr("1$ $n'icip$%$; r"c#$/$r> %" <!'"; $ in!'$nci$ %" p$r'"; #$
r"/i!i0n; pr cn%(c' +ici$#; %" #$! $c'$!; %c(/"n'! * %"/>! /$'"ri$#"! %" #$!
$c'($cin"!-
Co#orda#ias*
A)'E3&.(* 12.4< 151< 153 CPC
Co)etario*
C())7*+(867 , ., S73)7',)9, 67. D7*+,3C( ., 3&*'(69, 67 .(* 4,'7)9,.7* ( 6(3&478'(*
(A'7896(* 78 ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A, ,8'939+,6,< 78 7.., ?&76,)58 C,*', ?&7 ., 674,86, *7,
+)7*78',6, 78 7. +.,G( ?&7 *7-,., 7. +)7*78'7 C=69:(. E*', 69*+(*939=8 67A7)5 7*',) 4&>
.9:,6, , ., 69*+(*939=8 *(A)7 ., O):,89G,39=8 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7*< ,8'7* ., 3(8(396, L7> 67
O):,89G,39=8 > A')9A&39(87* 67 .(* T)9A&8,.7*< 78 .( ?&7 )7*+73', , .,* )7*+(8*,A9.96,67* >
,')9A&39(87* 67 .(* S73)7',)9(*.
C&,86( ., 674,86, *7 3(8(37 +() &8 T)9A&8,. 69*'98'(< ,. ?&7 3(8(39= 67 ., +)53'93, 67 .,
+)&7A, ,8'939+,6,< )73.,4,)5 67 D*'7 , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7< ., )749*9=8 +() 3(86&3'( (@939,.<
.(* 6(3&478'(*< ,3',* > 6745* ,3'&,39(87*. P,)7397), ?&7 ,?&E *=.( , 98*',839, 67 +,)'7
+&767 ,3'&,)*7M *98 74A,):(< '(4,86( 78 3(8*967),39=8 ?&7 7* 7. c):,8( J&)9*69339(8,. 7.
)7*+(8*,A.7 67 3&,.?&97) 674(), (3,*9(8,6, +() *& 87:.9:7839,< 78'(837* 67A74(* +)7*&49)
?&7 ',4A9D8 +&767 C,37)*7 67 (@939(< *7 7*'94, ?&7 3&,86( 3(8(37 67 &8 +)(37*(< > '9787
3(8(394978'( 67 ., 7F9*'7839, 67 7*', +)&7A, ,8'939+,6, +),3'93,6, 67A7)5 67 +769) .,
)749*9=8 67 .,* +)&7A,* +,), '(4,) 3(8(394978'( 67 .,* 49*4,* > 67'7)498,) *9 67A78 ( 8(
)7+)(6&39)*7.

ARTICULO 8@H-4 MEDIDAS DE ASEGURAMIENTO DE LA PRUEBA-
3- An'"! %" #$ inici$ci0n %" c($#:(i"r prc"!; "# :(" pr"'"n%$ inc$r# p%r> p"%ir $#
'ri1(n$# :(" $%p'" #$! /"%i%$! %" $!".(r$/i"n' :(" r"!(#'"n $%"c($%$! p$r$
",i'$r :("; pr cn%(c'$! &(/$n$! $cn'"ci/i"n'! n$'(r$#"!; !" p("%$n
%"!'r(ir $#'"r$r 1)"'! /$'"ri$#"! "!'$%! %" c!$!; * r"!(#'" i/p!i1#" "n !(
//"n' pr$c'ic$r (n$ pr("1$ r"#",$n'" c$r"7c$ %" !"n'i% prpn"r#$- L$
!#ici'(% !" %iri.ir> $# 0r.$n )(ri!%iccin$# :(" !" cn!i%"r" c/p"'"n'" p$r$ "#
256
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
cnci/i"n' %" #$ pr"'"n!i0n princip$#; :(" "?$/in$r> %" +ici !( prpi$
)(ri!%icci0n * c/p"'"nci$-
8- D(r$n'" #$ 'r$/i'$ci0n %"# prc"! c($#:(i"r$ %" #$! p$r'"! p%r> !#ici'$r #$
$%pci0n %" "!'$! /"%i%$! "n #! c$!! $ :(" !" r"+i"r" "# n(/"r$# $n'"rir-
=- L$! /"%i%$! cn!i!'ir>n "n #$! %i!p!icin"! :("; $ )(ici %"# 'ri1(n$#; p"r/i'$n
cn!"r,$r c!$! !i'($cin"! &$c"r cn!'$r +"&$ci"n'"/"n'" !( r"$#i%$% *
c$r$c'"r2!'ic$!-
@- P$r$ #! +in"! %" $!".(r$/i"n' %" #$ pr("1$ p%r>n '$/1i<n %iri.ir!" /$n%$'!
%" &$c"r n &$c"r; inc(rri"n% "n r"!pn!$1i#i%$% p"n$# :(i"n #! in+rin)$-
Co#orda#ia*
A)'E3&.(* 11$.4< 123< 247< 51$< 521.@< 522.6< 523.2< 526.5< 527.A< 532 C=69:( P78,.
Co)etario*
A. 9:&,. ?&7 *&3767 3(8 ., +)53'93, 67 ., ,8'939+,39=8 67 ., +)&7A,< 7. @&'&)( 674,86,8'7
+&767 +769) ,. c):,8( J&)9*69339(8,.< ?&7 673)7'7 M7696,* 67 A*7:&),4978'( 67 +)&7A,*<
3(8 7. @98 67 7;9',) ?&7 +() 3(86&3',* C&4,8,* ( ,3(8'7394978'(* 8,'&),.7* %3,*( @()'&9'( (
@&7)G, 4,>()/< *7 67*')&>,8< ,.'7)78 (AB7'(* 4,'7)9,.7* %A9787* 4&7A.7* ( 984&7A.7*/ (
7*',6( 67 .,* 3(*,*< %*9'&,39=8 78 ?&7 *7 783&78')78 7*,* 3(*,*< %.9867)(* ( *7);96&4A)7*/<
?&7 67 8( ,*7:&),).,* 94+96,. +(*'7)9()478'7< ., +)53'93, 67 ,.:&8, +)&7A,.
E*', +7'939=8 +&767 C,37)*7 78 6(* 4(478'(*L 1/ A8'7* 67 78',A.,) 3&,.?&97) +)(37*(<
67A9786( 78 7*'7 3,*(< 98'7)+(87) ., 674,86, 78 7. +.,G( 67 &8 47*< 67*67 ., ,6(+39=8 67 .,
47696,M *,.;( 3,*( @()'&9'( ( @&7)G, 4,>()M =< 2/ D&),8'7 ., '),49',39=8 67. +)(37*(< 78 7*'7
K.'94(< +(6)5 *(.939',)., 3&,.?&97), 67 .,* +,)'7*M +7)( 78 ,4A(* 3,*(*< 7. B&7G 67A7 )7;9*,) *&
B&)9*69339=8 > 3(4+7'7839,< 78 )7.,39=8 , ., +)7'78*9=8 +)9839+,. , 78',A.,).
D9*'98'( , ., +)53'93, 67 +)&7A, A8'939+,6,< 78 .,* M7696,* 67 A*7:&),4978'( 67 P)&7A,* 8(
*7 67*9:8, , ., +7)*(8,%*/ ?&7 *7 +)(+(87 674,86,)< 89 *7 39', , D*',* +,), 673969) ,.
)7*+73'(< +&7* ,8'7 7*'7 '9+( 67 *(.939'&6< 7. T)9A&8,. 673969)5 673)7',) ,?&7..,* 47696,* ?&7
3(8..7;78 , 3(8*7);,) 3(*,* ( *9'&,39(87*< ,*E 3(4( ',4A9D8 C,37) 3(8*',) ., )7,.96,6 >
3,),3'7)E*'93,* 67 .,* 3(*,*. P&767 ,6745*< 69)9:9) 4,86,'(* 67 C,37) ( 8( C,37)< > .,*
+7)*(8,* ?&7 .(* 98@)98B,8 *7)5 )7*+(8*,A.7 +78,.478'7.

ART5CULO 8BI-4 REJUISITOS PARA ORDENAR EL ASEGURAMIENTO DE LA
PRUEBA-
3- S0# !" $cc"%"r> $ #$ $%pci0n %" /"%i%$! p$r$ $!".(r$r #$ pr("1$ c($n% <!'$
$p$r"7c$ c/ p!i1#"; p"r'in"n'" * 9'i# $# 'i"/p %" pr"!"n'$r #$ !#ici'(% * &$*$
/'i,! p$r$ '"/"r :("; %" n $%p'$r!" #$! /"%i%$! %" $!".(r$/i"n'; p("%"
r"!(#'$r i/p!i1#" "n "# +('(r #$ pr>c'ic$ %" %ic&$ pr("1$-
257
Código Procesal Civil Comentado
8- L$ /"%i%$ %" $!".(r$/i"n'; c($n% !" p#$n'"" cn $n'"riri%$% $ #$ inici$ci0n
%"# prc"!; p"r%"r> '%$ "+ic$ci$ * #$ pr("1$ n p%r> !"r ('i#i7$%$ "n "# prc"!
!i #$ %"/$n%$ n !" in'"rp(!i"r" "n "# p#$7 %" (n /"! %"!%" #$ $%pci0n %" #$
/"%i%$; !$#, :(" !" $cr"%i'$r" :("; pr +("r7$ /$*r ( 'r$ c$(!$ %" $n>#.$
"n'i%$%; n p(% inici$r!" "# prc"! %"n'r %" %ic& p#$7-
Co#orda#ia1
A)'E3&.(* 11$.4< 123< 67. CPC
Co)etario*
P,), ?&7 7. T)9A&8,. 673)7'7 .,* M7696,* 67 A*7:&),4978'(< *7)5 8737*,)9( ?&7 ., +)&7A,
,+,)7G3, 3(4( +(*9A.7< K'9. > +7)'9878'7< > ?&7 3(8 693C, 47696, *7 7;9'7 ?&7 .(* (AB7'(*
4,'7)9,.7* *7 67*')&>,8< ,.'7)78< 7'3. D7A7 '787)*7 3.,)( ?&7 *9 8( *7 ,6(+',8 .,* 47696,* 67
,*7:&),4978'(< )7*&.',)E, 94+(*9A.7 78 7. @&'&)( ., +)53'93, 67 ., +)&7A,.
E* 94+()',8'7 )79'7),)< ?&7 7. 98'7)7*,6( 78 *(.939',) *7 673)7'78 47696,* 67 ,*7:&),4978'(<
67A7 78',A.,) *& 674,86, 78 7. +.,G( 67 UN %1/ M7*< '(4586(*7 67*67 ., @73C, 78 ?&7 *7
,6(+'= ',. 47696,.
T5TULO SEGUNDO
MEDIOS DE PRUEBA

ART5CULO 8B3-4 MEDIOS DE PRUEBA-
3- Sn /"%i! %" pr("1$ $%/i!i1#"! "n "# prc"! ci,i# #! !i.(i"n'"!:
$) In'"rr.$'ri %" #$! p$r'"!-
1) Dc(/"n'! p91#ic!-
c) Dc(/"n'! pri,$%!-
%) M"%i! '<cnic! %" r"pr%(cci0n %"# !ni% * %" #$ i/$."n; " in!'r(/"n'!
'<cnic! :(" p"r/i'$n $rc&i,$r * cnc"r r"pr%(cir p$#$1r$!; %$'!; ci+r$! *
p"r$cin"! /$'"/>'ic$! ##",$%$! $ c$1 cn +in"! cn'$1#"! %" 'r$ c#$!"-
") T"!'i+ic$#-
+) P"ri'$)"-
.) R"cnci/i"n' )(%ici$#-
8- C($n% "?i!'$ (n$ +("n'" %" pr("1$ :(" %"1$ incrpr$r!"