P. 1
The a-Z of Food Safety

The a-Z of Food Safety

4.6

|Views: 1.841|Likes:
Publicado porramesh

More info:

Published by: ramesh on Oct 06, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/30/2014

pdf

text

original

The term ‘verocytotoxin’ refers to the type of cells this micro-organism affects

in laboratory work. Verocytotoxin-producing E.coli (VTEC) is a particularly viru-

lent serotype of the bacterium which is also referred to as the serotype 0157:H7

and as EHEC (enterohaemorrhagic E.coli.)

Verocytotoxinproducing E.Coli(VTEC) produces potent toxins and can cause

severe illness in man. VTEC are responsible for a range of illnesses which may

be severe and sometimes fatal, particularly in infants, young children and the

elderly. The most important VTEC strain associated with human disease is 0157

VTEC.

0157 VTEC can lead to a range of symptoms, including bloody diarrhoea and

haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). HUS is characterised by acute renal failure

and haemolytic anaemia. It is the major cause of acute renal failure in children

in Britain as well as several other countries.

HUS develops in up to 10% of patients infected with 0157 VTEC. Some patients,

usually adults, also show neurological complications.

The incubation period prior to diarrhoea is usually 3 days, but can be from 1

to 14 days. In fit adults, symptoms will disappear within 2 weeks. Renal or neuro-

logical complications can remain for life. Bacteria are excreted for up to a week,

but can survive much longer, particularly in children.

Asymptomatic carriers of 0157 VTEC have been reported. The fatality rate of

0157 VTEC infection is 1-5%, but can be much higher.

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

Incubation period

Serotyping

Toxin

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A

W

417

Z Y X W

419

You're Reading a Free Preview

Descarga
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->