Está en la página 1de 15

CALCULO DE LA ESCALERA

BLOQUE 1

h =

1.925 m

2.175

2.175

21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

0.30

3.00

11

e = 0.12 m
0.30

ch =

0.175 m

H =

3.85

0.12

2.175

# escalones =

h =

0.175

21 u

fc =
Fy =

210 Kg / cm2
4200 Kg / cm2

CALCULO DE LA CARGA MUERTA

Peso de la rampa
Peso del escaln
Peso del enlucido y masillado
Peso del recubrimiento del piso
Peso del pasamano

= 2.18 x 1.00 x 0.12 x 2400


= 0.175 x 0.30 / 2.00 x 2400
= 2.18 x 1.00 x 0.04 x 2200
= 2.18 x 1.00 x 0.02 x 2200
=
Carga muerta

= 626.4
= 63.0
= 191.4
= 95.7
= 50.0
= 1026.5

CARGA VIVA = 500 Kg / m2


= 0.500 Tn / m2
CARGA MUERTA = 1026.5 Kg / m2 = 1.027 Tn / m2
CALCULO DELA CARGA ULTIMA
Q =

1.2 x

Q =

2.03

1.027 +
Tn / m2

1.6 x

0.500

= 2031.8 Kg / m2

CALCULO DEL MOMENTO FLECTOR NEGATIVO

M =

Mu(-) =

q L 2 5
X2
q L X q
8
8
2
2031.8 x 3.00

2031.8 x 3.00 x

0.125 + 2031.8

0.125

Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2

Mu(-) =

Mu(-) =

###

2031.8 x 3.00 x

0.125 + 2031.8

Kg - m

CALCULO DEL MOMENTO FLECTOR POSITIVO

Mu =

9
q L2
128

Mu(+) =

9
128

x 2031.8 x 3.00 2

Mu(+) =

###

Kg - m

COMPROBACIN A FLEXIN

b =

0.5 x b =

0.02

R u= F y 10.59

Fy
f c

0.01

b =
=

100 cm
0.9

Ru = 39.74 Kg/cm
Mr = Ru x b x d
Mr =

321,859

Mu

Mu

Kg-cm

Mr

###

Kg - cm

OK

CALCULO DEL ACERO NEGATIVO

A s=
As =

0 .85 f cbd
2Mu
1 1
Fy
0 .85 f cbd 2

10.73 cm2
-0.0441

14 mm
12 mm

Fs =

7.0 *
100 x

7.0
0.0
1.54
9

0.01

2100000 Kg / cm2

b =0.85 1

f c
0. 003

Fy Fy
0.003
fs

1 = 0.85

10.776
0.00000

d =

9 cm

f c
0. 003

Fy Fy
0.003
fs

b =0.85 1
b =

0.02

max = 0.75 b

min = 14 / Fy

max =

min =

0.02

<

max

OK

>

min

OK

CALCULO DE LA ARMADURA POSITIVA

A s=
As =

0 .85 f cbd
2Mu
1 1
Fy
0 .85 f cbd 2
7.0
0.0

7.56 cm2
-0.3580
7.0 *
100 x

1.13
9

<

max

OK

>

min

OK

DISEO A CORTANTE

V c= 0.5 f c
Vc =

7.25

Kg

1.925
=
3.00

Tg a =

0.64

a = 32.69
X = 0.2 + 0.09 = 0.29 m

Vu =

vu =

###

5
qL q . x cos a
8
Kg

0.01

12 mm
12 mm

7.91681
0.00000

b = 100 cm

V u=
Vu =

d =

9 cm

vu
bd
2.29

Kg

Vu < Vc

OK

= 0.85

40 /

40

CALCULO DE LA ESCALERA
3.00

h =

3.20

4.00

18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

0.30

2.40

# DE ESCALONES = h/Ch
e

0.17

ch

0.177 m

m
m

0.20

e =

0.20

1.60

18 escalones
# escalones

H =

huella =

0.177

3.20

0.30

h= l/24 por ser un extremo continuo


18 u

fc =
Fy =

210 Kg / cm2
4200 Kg / cm2

CALCULO DE LA CARGA MUERTA

Peso propio
Peso de la contra huella
Peso de ceramica
Peso del enlucido

CARGA VIVA
CARGA MUERTA

= 1.00 x 1.00 x 0.200 x 2400


= 2.400 x 3.330 x 1.00 x 2200
= [(0,02*1*1)+2200]
= 3,33esc*[0,03(0,1777+0,30)]*2200
Carga muerta

=
=

=
=
=
=
=

480.0
175.8
51.1
105.1
812.0

Kg / m2
Kg / m2
Kg / m2
Kg / m2
Kg / m2

500 Kg / m2
= 0.500 Tn / m2
812.0 Kg / m2 =
0.812 Tn / m2

CALCULO DELA CARGA ULTIMA


Q

1.4 x

1.99

0.812 +
Tn / m2

1.7 x
=

###

0.500
Kg / m2
1.19

DESCANSO

Peso propio
Peso de ceramica
Peso del enlucido

= 1.00 x 1.00 x 0.200 x 2400


= [(0,03*1*1)*2200]
= 0.02*1*1*2200
Carga muerta

=
=
=
=

480.0 Kg / m2
66.0
Kg / m2
44.0 Kg / m2
590.0 Kg / m2

CARGA VIVA
CARGA MUERTA

=
=

500 Kg / m2
= 0.500 Tn / m2
590.0 Kg / m2 =
0.590 Tn / m2

CALCULO DELA CARGA ULTIMA


Q

1.4 x

1.68

0.590 +
Tn / m2

1.7 x
=

0.500

1676 Kg / m2

5,016 Tn
2,672 Tn
2,09 T/m
1,67 Tn

1,6 m

2,4 m

4.04

V +
Xo=1,93 m
0.97

4,04-(2,09*2,4)= -0,97

4,04/Xo=5,016/2,4
Xo=1,93 m

Mmax 3,898 Tn m

3.64

Mmax= 4,04*1,93/2 = 3,898 Tn m

Ru= Mmax/bd
Ru=

14,99 kg/cm

=(0,85(fc/fy)*(1-(1-(2Ru/0,85*fc)^2))
=
0
As=

*b*d = 6,34 cm

S=

Av/As*100 =

40 cm

As temp= 0,0020*100*17=3,4 cm
S=
Amin =
S=

(Av/As)*100

S= 0,7854/3,4(110)*100=23 cm

0,0033*100*17 = 5,61 cm
(1,130/5,61)(110)*100 = 20,16 cm

fy
kg / cm2

fc
kg /cm2
180
210
240
280
300
350
180
210
240
280
300
350
180
210
240
280
300
350

2800

3500

4200

VALORES DE CUANTIAS Y RU (MAXIMOS Y MINIMOS)


NORMAL
SISMICA
DEFLEXION

Cuantia
balanceada

0,75 pb

Ru
kg / cm2

0.03216
0.03751
0.04287
0.05002
0.05269
0.05885
0.02389
0.02787
0.03185
0.03716
0.03914
0.04371
0.01858
0.02168
0.02477
0.02890
0.03044
0.03400

0.02412
0.02814
0.03216
0.03751
0.03952
0.04413
0.01792
0.02090
0.02389
0.02787
0.02936
0.03279
0.01393
0.01626
0.01858
0.02168
0.02283
0.02550

52.5801
61.3434
70.1068
81.7913
86.5723
97.8339
49.8157
58.1183
66.4209
77.4911
81.9857
92.5533
47.2965
55.1792
63.0620
73.5723
77.8118
87.7642

B1
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.84
0.80

fc
180
210
240
280
300
350

0,5 pb

Ru
kg / cm2

0.01608
0.01876
0.02144
0.02501
0.02635
0.02942
0.01194
0.01393
0.01592
0.01858
0.01957
0.02186
0.00929
0.01084
0.01239
0.01445
0.01522
0.01700

38.3747
44.7705
51.1663
59.6940
63.0659
70.9433
36.0742
42.0866
48.0990
56.1155
59.2710
66.6348
34.0257
39.6966
45.3676
52.9288
55.8937
62.8063

0,18*fc/fy
0.0116
0.0135
0.0154
0.0180
0.0193
0.0225
0.0093
0.0108
0.0123
0.0144
0.0154
0.0180
0.0077
0.00900
0.0103
0.0120
0.0129
0.0150

33.7856400000

TABLA DE HIERRO
Diametro
mm

Peso
Kg

Perimetro
cm

Masa de 1 As
varilla kg
cm2

Numero de varill
2

8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
25
28
32

0.395
0.617
0.888
1.208
1.578
1.998
2.466
2.984
3.853
4.834
6.313

2.5133
3.1416
3.7699
4.3982
5.0266
5.6549
6.2832
6.9115
7.8540
8.7965
10.0531

4.740
7.404
10.656
14.496
18.936
23.976
29.592
35.808
46.236
58.008
75.756

0.5027 1.005 1.508


0.7854 1.571 2.356
1.1310 2.262 3.393
1.5394 3.079 4.618
2.0106 4.021 6.032
2.5447 5.089 7.634
3.1416 6.283 9.425
3.8013 7.603 11.404
4.9087 9.817 14.726
6.1575 12.315 18.473
8.0425 16.085 24.127

36
40

7.990
9.865

11.3098 95.880 10.1788 20.358 30.536 40.715 50.894 61.073 71.251 81.430
12.5664 118.380 12.5664 25.133 37.699 50.265 62.832 75.398 87.965 100.531

2.011

2.513

3.016

3.519

4.021

3.142

3.927

4.712

5.498

6.283

4.524

5.655

6.786

7.917

9.048

6.158

7.697

9.236

10.776

12.315

8.042

10.053

12.064

14.074

16.085

10.179

12.723

15.268

17.813

20.358

12.566

15.708

18.850

21.991

25.133

15.205

19.007

22.808

26.609

30.411

19.635

24.544

29.452

34.361

39.270

24.630

30.788

36.945

43.103

49.260

32.170

40.212

48.255

56.297

64.340

AXIMOS Y MINIMOS)
DEFLEXION
0,18*fc/fy
0.0116
0.0135
0.0154
0.0180
0.0193
0.0225
0.0093
0.0108
0.0123
0.0144
0.0154
0.0180
0.0077
0.00900
0.0103
0.0120
0.0129
0.0150

MINIMA

Ru
kg / cm2

14 / fy

28.9591
33.7856
38.6122
45.0475
48.2652
56.3094
28.9591
33.7856
38.6122
45.0475
48.2652
56.3094
28.9591
33.7856
38.6122
45.0475
48.2652
56.3094

0.00500

0.00400

0.00333

Ru
kg / cm2
13.3576
13.4493
13.5182
13.5870
13.6145
13.6696
13.3576
13.4493
13.5182
13.5870
13.6145
13.6696
13.3576
13.4493
13.5182
13.5870
13.6145
13.6696

Area
cm2

Mu
2252,376 d

Mu
2815,47 d

Mu
3378,564 d

33.785640000000

RRO
Numero de varillas
8

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

4.021

4.524

5.027

5.529

6.032

6.535

7.037

7.540

8.042

6.283

7.069

7.854

8.639

9.425

10.210

10.996

11.781

12.566

9.048

10.179

11.310

12.441

13.572

14.703

15.834

16.965

18.096

12.315

13.854

15.394

16.933

18.473

20.012

21.551

23.091

24.630

16.085

18.096

20.106

22.117

24.127

26.138

28.149

30.159

32.170

20.358

22.902

25.447

27.992

30.536

33.081

35.626

38.170

40.715

25.133

28.274

31.416

34.558

37.699

40.841

43.982

47.124

50.265

30.411

34.212

38.013

41.815

45.616

49.417

53.219

57.020

60.821

39.270

44.179

49.087

53.996

58.905

63.814

68.722

73.631

78.540

49.260

55.418

61.575

67.733

73.890

80.048

86.205

92.363

98.520

64.340

72.382

80.425

88.467

96.510 104.552 112.595 120.637 128.680

81.430

91.609 101.788 111.966 122.145 132.324 142.503 152.681 162.860

100.531 113.097 125.664 138.230 150.796 163.363 175.929 188.496 201.062