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ANTENNA DEPLOYMENT IN NANOSATELLITES AND PICOSATELLITES

By GIREESH

SATELLITES
Natural or artificial object revolving around the earth. y Classification  Bigger satellites  Smaller satellites
Minisatellites Microsatellites Nanosatellites Picosatellites

ANTENNA
Essential part for communication y Sender antenna and receiver antenna y Downlink and uplink y Frequency C band and Ku band
y

ANTENNA DEPLOYMENT
y

Antennas for bigger satellites Antennas for smaller satellites Nanosatellites and Picosatellites

DEPLOYMENT MECHANISMS
y

Nylon wire melting technique Tape measure housing Electromagnetic plunger holding technique

NYLON WIRE MELTING TECHNIQUE


Principle of operation Nichrome wire y Antenna holding technique
y

Rolled antenna Rolled antenna with housing Flexible band deployment mechanism Antenna bent around the guide

ROLLED ANTENNA

ROLLED ANTENNA WITH HOUSING

FLEXIBLE BAND DEPLOYMENT MECHANISM

ANTENNA BENT AROUND THE GUIDE

ELECTRICAL INTERFACE
y

Objective
Low Power Time Feedback

Components used
Microcontroller Nylon wire Power Mosfet Feedback element Battery Regulator

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

WORKING OF CIRCUIT
Power on y PWM input to mosfet from microcontroller y Nichrome wire heating y Nylon wire melting y Antenna deployment y Feedback to microcontroller
y

NICHROME WIRE
Gauges of Nichrome wire y Heating response
y

TAPE MEASURE HOUSING TECHNIQUE


Measure housing y Rollers to reduce the friction
y

ELECTROMAGNETIC PLUNGER HOLDING METHOD

REQUIRED SPECIFICATION
Temperature range y Vibration y Power consumption y Reliable y Long life
y

PRE LAUNCHING TESTS FOR SATELLITES


Electrical y Mechanical y Thermal test y Vibration test y Thermal vacuum test
y

DRAWBACKS
High cost y Time delay in responding
y

FUTURE

FEMTO-SATELLITE

THANK YOU