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Third Geneva Convention 1949

Third Geneva Convention 1949

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third geneva convention 1949 Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.

Preamble The undersigned Plenipotentiaries of the Governments represented at the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from April 21 to August 12, 1949, for the purpose of revising the Convention concluded at Geneva on ul! 2", 1929, relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of #ar, have agreed as follo$s% Part &' General Provisions Art 1' The (igh Contracting Parties underta)e to respect and to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances' Art 2' &n addition to the provisions $hich shall be implemented in peace time, the present Convention shall appl! to all cases of declared $ar or of an! other armed conflict $hich ma! arise bet$een t$o or more of the (igh Contracting Parties, even if the state of $ar is not recogni*ed b! one of them' The Convention shall also appl! to all cases of partial or total occupation of the territor! of a (igh Contracting Part!, even if the said occupation meets $ith no armed resistance' Although one of the Po$ers in conflict ma! not be a part! to the present Convention, the Po$ers $ho are parties thereto shall remain bound b! it in their mutual relations' The! shall furthermore be bound b! the Convention in relation to the said Po$er, if the latter accepts and applies the provisions thereof' Art +' &n the case of armed conflict not of an international character occurring in the territor! of one of the (igh Contracting Parties, each Part! to the conflict shall be bound to appl!, as a minimum, the follo$ing provisions% ,1- Persons ta)ing no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces $ho have laid do$n their arms and those placed hors de combat b! sic)ness, $ounds, detention, or an! other cause, shall in all circumstances be treated humanel!, $ithout an! adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, se., birth or $ealth, or an! other similar criteria' To this end the follo$ing acts are and shall remain prohibited at an! time and in an! place $hatsoever $ith respect to the above/mentioned persons% ,a- violence to life and person, in particular murder of all )inds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture0 ,b- ta)ing of hostages0 ,c- outrages upon personal dignit!, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment0 ,d- the passing of sentences and the carr!ing out of e.ecutions $ithout previous 1udgment pronounced b! a regularl! constituted court affording all the 1udicial guarantees $hich are recogni*ed as indispensable b! civili*ed peoples' ,2- The $ounded and sic) shall be collected and cared for' An impartial humanitarian bod!, such as the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, ma! offer its services to the Parties to the conflict' The Parties to the conflict should further endeavour to bring into force, b! means of special agreements, all or part of the other provisions of the present Convention'

The application of the preceding provisions shall not affect the legal status of the Parties to the conflict' Art 4' A' Prisoners of $ar, in the sense of the present Convention, are persons belonging to one of the follo$ing categories, $ho have fallen into the po$er of the enem!% ,1- 3embers of the armed forces of a Part! to the conflict, as $ell as members of militias or volunteer corps forming part of such armed forces' ,2- 3embers of other militias and members of other volunteer corps, including those of organi*ed resistance movements, belonging to a Part! to the conflict and operating in or outside their o$n territor!, even if this territor! is occupied, provided that such militias or volunteer corps, including such organi*ed resistance movements, fulfil the follo$ing conditions%4 ,a- that of being commanded b! a person responsible for his subordinates0 ,b- that of having a fi.ed distinctive sign recogni*able at a distance0 ,c- that of carr!ing arms openl!0 ,d- that of conducting their operations in accordance $ith the la$s and customs of $ar' ,+- 3embers of regular armed forces $ho profess allegiance to a government or an authorit! not recogni*ed b! the Detaining Po$er' ,4- Persons $ho accompan! the armed forces $ithout actuall! being members thereof, such as civilian members of militar! aircraft cre$s, $ar correspondents, suppl! contractors, members of labour units or of services responsible for the $elfare of the armed forces, provided that the! have received authori*ation, from the armed forces $hich the! accompan!, $ho shall provide them for that purpose $ith an identit! card similar to the anne.ed model' ,5- 3embers of cre$s, including masters, pilots and apprentices, of the merchant marine and the cre$s of civil aircraft of the Parties to the conflict, $ho do not benefit b! more favourable treatment under an! other provisions of international la$' ,6- &nhabitants of a non/occupied territor!, $ho on the approach of the enem! spontaneousl! ta)e up arms to resist the invading forces, $ithout having had time to form themselves into regular armed units, provided the! carr! arms openl! and respect the la$s and customs of $ar' 7' The follo$ing shall li)e$ise be treated as prisoners of $ar under the present Convention% ,1- Persons belonging, or having belonged, to the armed forces of the occupied countr!, if the occup!ing Po$er considers it necessar! b! reason of such allegiance to intern them, even though it has originall! liberated them $hile hostilities $ere going on outside the territor! it occupies, in particular $here such persons have made an unsuccessful attempt to re1oin the armed forces to $hich the! belong and $hich are engaged in combat, or $here the! fail to compl! $ith a summons made to them $ith a vie$ to internment' ,2- The persons belonging to one of the categories enumerated in the present Article, $ho have been received b! neutral or non/belligerent Po$ers on their territor! and $hom these Po$ers are re8uired to intern under international la$, $ithout pre1udice to an! more favourable treatment $hich these Po$ers ma! choose to give and $ith the e.ception of Articles 9, 1:, 15, +:, fifth paragraph, 59/6", 92, 126 and, $here diplomatic relations e.ist bet$een the Parties to the conflict

and the neutral or non/belligerent Po$er concerned, those Articles concerning the Protecting Po$er' #here such diplomatic relations e.ist, the Parties to a conflict on $hom these persons depend shall be allo$ed to perform to$ards them the functions of a Protecting Po$er as provided in the present Convention, $ithout pre1udice to the functions $hich these Parties normall! e.ercise in conformit! $ith diplomatic and consular usage and treaties' C' This Article shall in no $a! affect the status of medical personnel and chaplains as provided for in Article ++ of the present Convention' Art 5' The present Convention shall appl! to the persons referred to in Article 4 from the time the! fall into the po$er of the enem! and until their final release and repatriation' ;hould an! doubt arise as to $hether persons, having committed a belligerent act and having fallen into the hands of the enem!, belong to an! of the categories enumerated in Article 4, such persons shall en1o! the protection of the present Convention until such time as their status has been determined b! a competent tribunal' Art 6' &n addition to the agreements e.pressl! provided for in Articles 1:, 2+, 29, ++, 6:, 65, 66, 6", "2, "+, "5, 1:9, 11:, 119, 119, 122 and 1+2, the (igh Contracting Parties ma! conclude other special agreements for all matters concerning $hich the! ma! deem it suitable to ma)e separate provision' <o special agreement shall adversel! affect the situation of prisoners of $ar, as defined b! the present Convention, nor restrict the rights $hich it confers upon them' Prisoners of $ar shall continue to have the benefit of such agreements as long as the Convention is applicable to them, e.cept $here e.press provisions to the contrar! are contained in the aforesaid or in subse8uent agreements, or $here more favourable measures have been ta)en $ith regard to them b! one or other of the Parties to the conflict' Art "' Prisoners of $ar ma! in no circumstances renounce in part or in entiret! the rights secured to them b! the present Convention, and b! the special agreements referred to in the foregoing Article, if such there be' Art 9' The present Convention shall be applied $ith the cooperation and under the scrutin! of the Protecting Po$ers $hose dut! it is to safeguard the interests of the Parties to the conflict' =or this purpose, the Protecting Po$ers ma! appoint, apart from their diplomatic or consular staff, delegates from amongst their o$n nationals or the nationals of other neutral Po$ers' The said delegates shall be sub1ect to the approval of the Po$er $ith $hich the! are to carr! out their duties' The Parties to the conflict shall facilitate to the greatest e.tent possible the tas) of the representatives or delegates of the Protecting Po$ers' The representatives or delegates of the Protecting Po$ers shall not in an! case e.ceed their mission under the present Convention' The! shall, in particular, ta)e account of the imperative necessities of securit! of the ;tate $herein the! carr! out their duties' Art 9' The provisions of the present Convention constitute no obstacle to the humanitarian activities $hich the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross or an! other impartial humanitarian

organi*ation ma!, sub1ect to the consent of the Parties to the conflict concerned, underta)e for the protection of prisoners of $ar and for their relief' Art 1:' The (igh Contracting Parties ma! at an! time agree to entrust to an organi*ation $hich offers all guarantees of impartialit! and efficac! the duties incumbent on the Protecting Po$ers b! virtue of the present Convention' #hen prisoners of $ar do not benefit or cease to benefit, no matter for $hat reason, b! the activities of a Protecting Po$er or of an organi*ation provided for in the first paragraph above, the Detaining Po$er shall re8uest a neutral ;tate, or such an organi*ation, to underta)e the functions performed under the present Convention b! a Protecting Po$er designated b! the Parties to a conflict' &f protection cannot be arranged accordingl!, the Detaining Po$er shall re8uest or shall accept, sub1ect to the provisions of this Article, the offer of the services of a humanitarian organi*ation, such as the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross to assume the humanitarian functions performed b! Protecting Po$ers under the present Convention' An! neutral Po$er or an! organi*ation invited b! the Po$er concerned or offering itself for these purposes, shall be re8uired to act $ith a sense of responsibilit! to$ards the Part! to the conflict on $hich persons protected b! the present Convention depend, and shall be re8uired to furnish sufficient assurances that it is in a position to underta)e the appropriate functions and to discharge them impartiall!' <o derogation from the preceding provisions shall be made b! special agreements bet$een Po$ers one of $hich is restricted, even temporaril!, in its freedom to negotiate $ith the other Po$er or its allies b! reason of militar! events, more particularl! $here the $hole, or a substantial part, of the territor! of the said Po$er is occupied' #henever in the present Convention mention is made of a Protecting Po$er, such mention applies to substitute organi*ations in the sense of the present Article' Art 11' &n cases $here the! deem it advisable in the interest of protected persons, particularl! in cases of disagreement bet$een the Parties to the conflict as to the application or interpretation of the provisions of the present Convention, the Protecting Po$ers shall lend their good offices $ith a vie$ to settling the disagreement' =or this purpose, each of the Protecting Po$ers ma!, either at the invitation of one Part! or on its o$n initiative, propose to the Parties to the conflict a meeting of their representatives, and in particular of the authorities responsible for prisoners of $ar, possibl! on neutral territor! suitabl! chosen' The Parties to the conflict shall be bound to give effect to the proposals made to them for this purpose' The Protecting Po$ers ma!, if necessar!, propose for approval b! the Parties to the conflict a person belonging to a neutral Po$er, or delegated b! the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, $ho shall be invited to ta)e part in such a meeting' Part &&' General Protection of Prisoners of #ar Art 12' Prisoners of $ar are in the hands of the enem! Po$er, but not of the individuals or militar!

units $ho have captured them' &rrespective of the individual responsibilities that ma! e.ist, the Detaining Po$er is responsible for the treatment given them' Prisoners of $ar ma! onl! be transferred b! the Detaining Po$er to a Po$er $hich is a part! to the Convention and after the Detaining Po$er has satisfied itself of the $illingness and abilit! of such transferee Po$er to appl! the Convention' #hen prisoners of $ar are transferred under such circumstances, responsibilit! for the application of the Convention rests on the Po$er accepting them $hile the! are in its custod!' <evertheless, if that Po$er fails to carr! out the provisions of the Convention in an! important respect, the Po$er b! $hom the prisoners of $ar $ere transferred shall, upon being notified b! the Protecting Po$er, ta)e effective measures to correct the situation or shall re8uest the return of the prisoners of $ar' ;uch re8uests must be complied $ith' Art 1+' Prisoners of $ar must at all times be humanel! treated' An! unla$ful act or omission b! the Detaining Po$er causing death or seriousl! endangering the health of a prisoner of $ar in its custod! is prohibited, and $ill be regarded as a serious breach of the present Convention' &n particular, no prisoner of $ar ma! be sub1ected to ph!sical mutilation or to medical or scientific e.periments of an! )ind $hich are not 1ustified b! the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the prisoner concerned and carried out in his interest' >i)e$ise, prisoners of $ar must at all times be protected, particularl! against acts of violence or intimidation and against insults and public curiosit!' 3easures of reprisal against prisoners of $ar are prohibited' Art 14' Prisoners of $ar are entitled in all circumstances to respect for their persons and their honour' #omen shall be treated $ith all the regard due to their se. and shall in all cases benefit b! treatment as favourable as that granted to men' Prisoners of $ar shall retain the full civil capacit! $hich the! en1o!ed at the time of their capture' The Detaining Po$er ma! not restrict the e.ercise, either $ithin or $ithout its o$n territor!, of the rights such capacit! confers e.cept in so far as the captivit! re8uires' Art 15' The Po$er detaining prisoners of $ar shall be bound to provide free of charge for their maintenance and for the medical attention re8uired b! their state of health' Art 16' Ta)ing into consideration the provisions of the present Convention relating to ran) and se., and sub1ect to an! privileged treatment $hich ma! be accorded to them b! reason of their state of health, age or professional 8ualifications, all prisoners of $ar shall be treated ali)e b! the Detaining Po$er, $ithout an! adverse distinction based on race, nationalit!, religious belief or political opinions, or an! other distinction founded on similar criteria' Part &&&' Captivit! ;ection 1' 7eginning of Captivit!

Art 1"' ?ver! prisoner of $ar, $hen 8uestioned on the sub1ect, is bound to give onl! his surname, first names and ran), date of birth, and arm!, regimental, personal or serial number, or failing this, e8uivalent information' &f he $ilfull! infringes this rule, he ma! render himself liable to a restriction of the privileges accorded to his ran) or status' ?ach Part! to a conflict is re8uired to furnish the persons under its 1urisdiction $ho are liable to become prisoners of $ar, $ith an identit! card sho$ing the o$ner@s surname, first names, ran), arm!, regimental, personal or serial number or e8uivalent information, and date of birth' The identit! card ma!, furthermore, bear the signature or the fingerprints, or both, of the o$ner, and ma! bear, as $ell, an! other information the Part! to the conflict ma! $ish to add concerning persons belonging to its armed forces' As far as possible the card shall measure 6'5 . 1: cm' and shall be issued in duplicate' The identit! card shall be sho$n b! the prisoner of $ar upon demand, but ma! in no case be ta)en a$a! from him' <o ph!sical or mental torture, nor an! other form of coercion, ma! be inflicted on prisoners of $ar to secure from them information of an! )ind $hatever' Prisoners of $ar $ho refuse to ans$er ma! not be threatened, insulted, or e.posed to unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of an! )ind' Prisoners of $ar $ho, o$ing to their ph!sical or mental condition, are unable to state their identit!, shall be handed over to the medical service' The identit! of such prisoners shall be established b! all possible means, sub1ect to the provisions of the preceding paragraph' The 8uestioning of prisoners of $ar shall be carried out in a language $hich the! understand' Art 19' All effects and articles of personal use, e.cept arms, horses, militar! e8uipment and militar! documents, shall remain in the possession of prisoners of $ar, li)e$ise their metal helmets and gas mas)s and li)e articles issued for personal protection' ?ffects and articles used for their clothing or feeding shall li)e$ise remain in their possession, even if such effects and articles belong to their regulation militar! e8uipment' At no time should prisoners of $ar be $ithout identit! documents' The Detaining Po$er shall suppl! such documents to prisoners of $ar $ho possess none' 7adges of ran) and nationalit!, decorations and articles having above all a personal or sentimental value ma! not be ta)en from prisoners of $ar' ;ums of mone! carried b! prisoners of $ar ma! not be ta)en a$a! from them e.cept b! order of an officer, and after the amount and particulars of the o$ner have been recorded in a special register and an itemi*ed receipt has been given, legibl! inscribed $ith the name, ran) and unit of the person issuing the said receipt' ;ums in the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er, or $hich are changed into such currenc! at the prisoner@s re8uest, shall be placed to the credit of the prisoner@s account as provided in Article 64' The Detaining Po$er ma! $ithdra$ articles of value from prisoners of $ar onl! for reasons of securit!0 $hen such articles are $ithdra$n, the procedure laid do$n for sums of mone!

impounded shall appl!' ;uch ob1ects, li)e$ise sums ta)en a$a! in an! currenc! other than that of the Detaining Po$er and the conversion of $hich has not been as)ed for b! the o$ners, shall be )ept in the custod! of the Detaining Po$er and shall be returned in their initial shape to prisoners of $ar at the end of their captivit!' Art 19' Prisoners of $ar shall be evacuated, as soon as possible after their capture, to camps situated in an area far enough from the combat *one for them to be out of danger' Anl! those prisoners of $ar $ho, o$ing to $ounds or sic)ness, $ould run greater ris)s b! being evacuated than b! remaining $here the! are, ma! be temporaril! )ept bac) in a danger *one' Prisoners of $ar shall not be unnecessaril! e.posed to danger $hile a$aiting evacuation from a fighting *one' Art 2:' The evacuation of prisoners of $ar shall al$a!s be effected humanel! and in conditions similar to those for the forces of the Detaining Po$er in their changes of station' The Detaining Po$er shall suppl! prisoners of $ar $ho are being evacuated $ith sufficient food and potable $ater, and $ith the necessar! clothing and medical attention' The Detaining Po$er shall ta)e all suitable precautions to ensure their safet! during evacuation, and shall establish as soon as possible a list of the prisoners of $ar $ho are evacuated' &f prisoners of $ar must, during evacuation, pass through transit camps, their sta! in such camps shall be as brief as possible' ;ection &&' &nternment of Prisoners of #ar Chapter &' General Abservations Art 21' The Detaining Po$er ma! sub1ect prisoners of $ar to internment' &t ma! impose on them the obligation of not leaving, be!ond certain limits, the camp $here the! are interned, or if the said camp is fenced in, of not going outside its perimeter' ;ub1ect to the provisions of the present Convention relative to penal and disciplinar! sanctions, prisoners of $ar ma! not be held in close confinement e.cept $here necessar! to safeguard their health and then onl! during the continuation of the circumstances $hich ma)e such confinement necessar!' Prisoners of $ar ma! be partiall! or $holl! released on parole or promise, in so far as is allo$ed b! the la$s of the Po$er on $hich the! depend' ;uch measures shall be ta)en particularl! in cases $here this ma! contribute to the improvement of their state of health' <o prisoner of $ar shall be compelled to accept libert! on parole or promise' Bpon the outbrea) of hostilities, each Part! to the conflict shall notif! the adverse Part! of the la$s and regulations allo$ing or forbidding its o$n nationals to accept libert! on parole or promise' Prisoners of $ar $ho are paroled or $ho have given their promise in conformit! $ith the la$s and regulations so notified, are bound on their personal honour scrupulousl! to fulfil, both to$ards the Po$er on $hich the! depend and to$ards the Po$er $hich has captured them, the engagements

of their paroles or promises' &n such cases, the Po$er on $hich the! depend is bound neither to re8uire nor to accept from them an! service incompatible $ith the parole or promise given' Art 22' Prisoners of $ar ma! be interned onl! in premises located on land and affording ever! guarantee of h!giene and healthfulness' ?.cept in particular cases $hich are 1ustified b! the interest of the prisoners themselves, the! shall not be interned in penitentiaries' Prisoners of $ar interned in unhealth! areas, or $here the climate is in1urious for them, shall be removed as soon as possible to a more favourable climate' The Detaining Po$er shall assemble prisoners of $ar in camps or camp compounds according to their nationalit!, language and customs, provided that such prisoners shall not be separated from prisoners of $ar belonging to the armed forces $ith $hich the! $ere serving at the time of their capture, e.cept $ith their consent' Art 2+' <o prisoner of $ar ma! at an! time be sent to, or detained in areas $here he ma! be e.posed to the fire of the combat *one, nor ma! his presence be used to render certain points or areas immune from militar! operations' Prisoners of $ar shall have shelters against air bombardment and other ha*ards of $ar, to the same e.tent as the local civilian population' #ith the e.ception of those engaged in the protection of their 8uarters against the aforesaid ha*ards, the! ma! enter such shelters as soon as possible after the giving of the alarm' An! other protective measure ta)en in favour of the population shall also appl! to them' Detaining Po$ers shall give the Po$ers concerned, through the intermediar! of the Protecting Po$ers, all useful information regarding the geographical location of prisoner of $ar camps' #henever militar! considerations permit, prisoner of $ar camps shall be indicated in the da!/time b! the letters P# or PG, placed so as to be clearl! visible from the air' The Po$ers concerned ma!, ho$ever, agree upon an! other s!stem of mar)ing' Anl! prisoner of $ar camps shall be mar)ed as such' Art 24' Transit or screening camps of a permanent )ind shall be fitted out under conditions similar to those described in the present ;ection, and the prisoners therein shall have the same treatment as in other camps' Chapter &&' Cuarters, =ood and Clothing of Prisoners of #ar Art 25' Prisoners of $ar shall be 8uartered under conditions as favourable as those for the forces of the Detaining Po$er $ho are billeted in the same area' The said conditions shall ma)e allo$ance for the habits and customs of the prisoners and shall in no case be pre1udicial to their health' The foregoing provisions shall appl! in particular to the dormitories of prisoners of $ar as regards both total surface and minimum cubic space, and the general installations, bedding and blan)ets' The premises provided for the use of prisoners of $ar individuall! or collectivel!, shall be entirel!

protected from dampness and ade8uatel! heated and lighted, in particular bet$een dus) and lights out' All precautions must be ta)en against the danger of fire' &n an! camps in $hich $omen prisoners of $ar, as $ell as men, are accommodated, separate dormitories shall be provided for them' Art 26' The basic dail! food rations shall be sufficient in 8uantit!, 8ualit! and variet! to )eep prisoners of $ar in good health and to prevent loss of $eight or the development of nutritional deficiencies' Account shall also be ta)en of the habitual diet of the prisoners' The Detaining Po$er shall suppl! prisoners of $ar $ho $or) $ith such additional rations as are necessar! for the labour on $hich the! are emplo!ed' ;ufficient drin)ing $ater shall be supplied to prisoners of $ar' The use of tobacco shall be permitted' Prisoners of $ar shall, as far as possible, be associated $ith the preparation of their meals0 the! ma! be emplo!ed for that purpose in the )itchens' =urthermore, the! shall be given the means of preparing, themselves, the additional food in their possession' Ade8uate premises shall be provided for messing' Collective disciplinar! measures affecting food are prohibited' Art 2"' Clothing, under$ear and foot$ear shall be supplied to prisoners of $ar in sufficient 8uantities b! the Detaining Po$er, $hich shall ma)e allo$ance for the climate of the region $here the prisoners are detained' Bniforms of enem! armed forces captured b! the Detaining Po$er should, if suitable for the climate, be made available to clothe prisoners of $ar' The regular replacement and repair of the above articles shall be assured b! the Detaining Po$er' &n addition, prisoners of $ar $ho $or) shall receive appropriate clothing, $herever the nature of the $or) demands' Art 29' Canteens shall be installed in all camps, $here prisoners of $ar ma! procure foodstuffs, soap and tobacco and ordinar! articles in dail! use' The tariff shall never be in e.cess of local mar)et prices' The profits made b! camp canteens shall be used for the benefit of the prisoners0 a special fund shall be created for this purpose' The prisoners@ representative shall have the right to collaborate in the management of the canteen and of this fund' #hen a camp is closed do$n, the credit balance of the special fund shall be handed to an international $elfare organi*ation, to be emplo!ed for the benefit of prisoners of $ar of the same nationalit! as those $ho have contributed to the fund' &n case of a general repatriation, such profits shall be )ept b! the Detaining Po$er, sub1ect to an! agreement to the contrar! bet$een the Po$ers concerned' Chapter &&&' (!gene and 3edical Attention

Art 29' The Detaining Po$er shall be bound to ta)e all sanitar! measures necessar! to ensure the cleanliness and healthfulness of camps and to prevent epidemics' Prisoners of $ar shall have for their use, da! and night, conveniences $hich conform to the rules of h!giene and are maintained in a constant state of cleanliness' &n an! camps in $hich $omen prisoners of $ar are accommodated, separate conveniences shall be provided for them' Also, apart from the baths and sho$ers $ith $hich the camps shall be furnished prisoners of $ar shall be provided $ith sufficient $ater and soap for their personal toilet and for $ashing their personal laundr!0 the necessar! installations, facilities and time shall be granted them for that purpose' Art +:' ?ver! camp shall have an ade8uate infirmar! $here prisoners of $ar ma! have the attention the! re8uire, as $ell as appropriate diet' &solation $ards shall, if necessar!, be set aside for cases of contagious or mental disease' Prisoners of $ar suffering from serious disease, or $hose condition necessitates special treatment, a surgical operation or hospital care, must be admitted to an! militar! or civilian medical unit $here such treatment can be given, even if their repatriation is contemplated in the near future' ;pecial facilities shall be afforded for the care to be given to the disabled, in particular to the blind, and for their' rehabilitation, pending repatriation' Prisoners of $ar shall have the attention, preferabl!, of medical personnel of the Po$er on $hich the! depend and, if possible, of their nationalit!' Prisoners of $ar ma! not be prevented from presenting themselves to the medical authorities for e.amination' The detaining authorities shall, upon re8uest, issue to ever! prisoner $ho has undergone treatment, an official certificate indicating the nature of his illness or in1ur!, and the duration and )ind of treatment received' A duplicate of this certificate shall be for$arded to the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc!' The costs of treatment, including those of an! apparatus necessar! for the maintenance of prisoners of $ar in good health, particularl! dentures and other artificial appliances, and spectacles, shall be borne b! the Detaining Po$er' Art +1' 3edical inspections of prisoners of $ar shall be held at least once a month' The! shall include the chec)ing and the recording of the $eight of each prisoner of $ar' Their purpose shall be, in particular, to supervise the general state of health, nutrition and cleanliness of prisoners and to detect contagious diseases, especiall! tuberculosis, malaria and venereal disease' =or this purpose the most efficient methods available shall be emplo!ed, e'g' periodic mass miniature radiograph! for the earl! detection of tuberculosis' Art +2' Prisoners of $ar $ho, though not attached to the medical service of their armed forces, are ph!sicians, surgeons, dentists, nurses or medical orderlies, ma! be re8uired b! the Detaining Po$er to e.ercise their medical functions in the interests of prisoners of $ar dependent on the same Po$er' &n that case the! shall continue to be prisoners of $ar, but shall receive the same

treatment as corresponding medical personnel retained b! the Detaining Po$er' The! shall be e.empted from an! other $or) under Article 49' Chapter &D' 3edical Personnel and Chaplains 2etained to Assist Prisoners of #ar Art ++' 3embers of the medical personnel and chaplains $hile retained b! the Detaining Po$er $ith a vie$ to assisting prisoners of $ar, shall not be considered as prisoners of $ar' The! shall, ho$ever, receive as a minimum the benefits and protection of the present Convention, and shall also be granted all facilities necessar! to provide for the medical care of, and religious ministration to prisoners of $ar' The! shall continue to e.ercise their medical and spiritual functions for the benefit of prisoners of $ar, preferabl! those belonging to the armed forces upon $hich the! depend, $ithin the scope of the militar! la$s and regulations of the Detaining Po$er and under the control of its competent services, in accordance $ith their professional eti8uette' The! shall also benefit b! the follo$ing facilities in the e.ercise of their medical or spiritual functions% ,a- The! shall be authori*ed to visit periodicall! prisoners of $ar situated in $or)ing detachments or in hospitals outside the camp' =or this purpose, the Detaining Po$er shall place at their disposal the necessar! means of transport' ,b- The senior medical officer in each camp shall be responsible to the camp militar! authorities for ever!thing connected $ith the activities of retained medical personnel' =or this purpose, Parties to the conflict shall agree at the outbrea) of hostilities on the sub1ect of the corresponding ran)s of the medical personnel, including that of societies mentioned in Article 26 of the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the #ounded and ;ic) in Armed =orces in the =ield of August 12, 1949' This senior medical officer, as $ell as chaplains, shall have the right to deal $ith the competent authorities of the camp on all 8uestions relating to their duties' ;uch authorities shall afford them all necessar! facilities for correspondence relating to these 8uestions' ,c- Although the! shall be sub1ect to the internal discipline of the camp in $hich the! are retained, such personnel ma! not be compelled to carr! out an! $or) other than that concerned $ith their medical or religious duties' During hostilities, the Parties to the conflict shall agree concerning the possible relief of retained personnel and shall settle the procedure to be follo$ed' <one of the preceding provisions shall relieve the Detaining Po$er of its obligations $ith regard to prisoners of $ar from the medical or spiritual point of vie$' Chapter D' 2eligious, &ntellectual and Ph!sical Activities Art +4' Prisoners of $ar shall en1o! complete latitude in the e.ercise of their religious duties, including attendance at the service of their faith, on condition that the! compl! $ith the disciplinar! routine prescribed b! the militar! authorities' Ade8uate premises shall be provided $here religious services ma! be held'

Art +5' Chaplains $ho fall into the hands of the enem! Po$er and $ho remain or are retained $ith a vie$ to assisting prisoners of $ar, shall be allo$ed to minister to them and to e.ercise freel! their ministr! amongst prisoners of $ar of the same religion, in accordance $ith their religious conscience' The! shall be allocated among the various camps and labour detachments containing prisoners of $ar belonging to the same forces, spea)ing the same language or practising the same religion' The! shall en1o! the necessar! facilities, including the means of transport provided for in Article ++, for visiting the prisoners of $ar outside their camp' The! shall be free to correspond, sub1ect to censorship, on matters concerning their religious duties $ith the ecclesiastical authorities in the countr! of detention and $ith international religious organi*ations' >etters and cards $hich the! ma! send for this purpose shall be in addition to the 8uota provided for in Article "1' Art +6' Prisoners of $ar $ho are ministers of religion, $ithout having officiated as chaplains to their o$n forces, shall be at libert!, $hatever their denomination, to minister freel! to the members of their communit!' =or this purpose, the! shall receive the same treatment as the chaplains retained b! the Detaining Po$er' The! shall not be obliged to do an! other $or)' Art +"' #hen prisoners of $ar have not the assistance of a retained chaplain or of a prisoner of $ar minister of their faith, a minister belonging to the prisoners@ or a similar denomination, or in his absence a 8ualified la!man, if such a course is feasible from a confessional point of vie$, shall be appointed, at the re8uest of the prisoners concerned, to fill this office' This appointment, sub1ect to the approval of the Detaining Po$er, shall ta)e place $ith the agreement of the communit! of prisoners concerned and, $herever necessar!, $ith the approval of the local religious authorities of the same faith' The person thus appointed shall compl! $ith all regulations established b! the Detaining Po$er in the interests of discipline and militar! securit!' Art +9' #hile respecting the individual preferences of ever! prisoner, the Detaining Po$er shall encourage the practice of intellectual, educational, and recreational pursuits, sports and games amongst prisoners, and shall ta)e the measures necessar! to ensure the e.ercise thereof b! providing them $ith ade8uate premises and necessar! e8uipment' Prisoners shall have opportunities for ta)ing ph!sical e.ercise, including sports and games, and for being out of doors' ;ufficient open spaces shall be provided for this purpose in all camps' Chapter D&' Discipline Art +9' ?ver! prisoner of $ar camp shall be put under the immediate authorit! of a responsible commissioned officer belonging to the regular armed forces of the Detaining Po$er' ;uch officer shall have in his possession a cop! of the present Convention0 he shall ensure that its provisions are )no$n to the camp staff and the guard and shall be responsible, under the direction of his government, for its application' Prisoners of $ar, $ith the e.ception of officers, must salute and sho$ to all officers of the Detaining Po$er the e.ternal mar)s of respect provided for b! the regulations appl!ing in their o$n forces' Afficer prisoners of $ar are bound to salute onl! officers of a higher ran) of the Detaining Po$er0

the! must, ho$ever, salute the camp commander regardless of his ran)' Art 4:' The $earing of badges of ran) and nationalit!, as $ell as of decorations, shall be permitted' Art 41' &n ever! camp the te.t of the present Convention and its Anne.es and the contents of an! special agreement provided for in Article 6, shall be posted, in the prisoners@ o$n language, in places $here all ma! read them' Copies shall be supplied, on re8uest, to the prisoners $ho cannot have access to the cop! $hich has been posted' 2egulations, orders, notices and publications of ever! )ind relating to the conduct of prisoners of $ar shall be issued to them in a language $hich the! understand' ;uch regulations, orders and publications shall be posted in the manner described above and copies shall be handed to the prisoners@ representative' ?ver! order and command addressed to prisoners of $ar individuall! must li)e$ise be given in a language $hich the! understand' Art 42' The use of $eapons against prisoners of $ar, especiall! against those $ho are escaping or attempting to escape, shall constitute an e.treme measure, $hich shall al$a!s be preceded b! $arnings appropriate to the circumstances' Chapter D&&' 2an) of Prisoners of #ar Art 4+' Bpon the outbrea) of hostilities, the Parties to the conflict shall communicate to one another the titles and ran)s of all the persons mentioned in Article 4 of the present Convention, in order to ensure e8ualit! of treatment bet$een prisoners of e8uivalent ran)' Titles and ran)s $hich are subse8uentl! created shall form the sub1ect of similar communications' The Detaining Po$er shall recogni*e promotions in ran) $hich have been accorded to prisoners of $ar and $hich have been dul! notified b! the Po$er on $hich these prisoners depend' Art 44' Afficers and prisoners of e8uivalent status shall be treated $ith the regard due to their ran) and age' &n order to ensure service in officers@ camps, other ran)s of the same armed forces $ho, as far as possible, spea) the same language, shall be assigned in sufficient numbers, account being ta)en of the ran) of officers and prisoners of e8uivalent status' ;uch orderlies shall not be re8uired to perform an! other $or)' ;upervision of the mess b! the officers themselves shall be facilitated in ever! $a!' Art 45' Prisoners of $ar other than officers and prisoners of e8uivalent status shall be treated $ith the regard due to their ran) and age' ;upervision of the mess b! the prisoners themselves shall be facilitated in ever! $a!' Chapter D&&&' Transfer of Prisoners of #ar after their Arrival in Camp Art 46' The Detaining Po$er, $hen deciding upon the transfer of prisoners of $ar, shall ta)e into account the interests of the prisoners themselves, more especiall! so as not to increase the

difficult! of their repatriation' The transfer of prisoners of $ar shall al$a!s be effected humanel! and in conditions not less favourable than those under $hich the forces of the Detaining Po$er are transferred' Account shall al$a!s be ta)en of the climatic conditions to $hich the prisoners of $ar are accustomed and the conditions of transfer shall in no case be pre1udicial to their health' The Detaining Po$er shall suppl! prisoners of $ar during transfer $ith sufficient food and drin)ing $ater to )eep them in good health, li)e$ise $ith the necessar! clothing, shelter and medical attention' The Detaining Po$er shall ta)e ade8uate precautions especiall! in case of transport b! sea or b! air, to ensure their safet! during transfer, and shall dra$ up a complete list of all transferred prisoners before their departure' Art 4"' ;ic) or $ounded prisoners of $ar shall not be transferred as long as their recover! ma! be endangered b! the 1ourne!, unless their safet! imperativel! demands it' &f the combat *one dra$s closer to a camp, the prisoners of $ar in the said camp shall not be transferred unless their transfer can be carried out in ade8uate conditions of safet!, or unless the! are e.posed to greater ris)s b! remaining on the spot than b! being transferred' Art 49' &n the event of transfer, prisoners of $ar shall be officiall! advised of their departure and of their ne$ postal address' ;uch notifications shall be given in time for them to pac) their luggage and inform their ne.t of )in' The! shall be allo$ed to ta)e $ith them their personal effects, and the correspondence and parcels $hich have arrived for them' The $eight of such baggage ma! be limited, if the conditions of transfer so re8uire, to $hat each prisoner can reasonabl! carr!, $hich shall in no case be more than t$ent!/five )ilograms per head' 3ail and parcels addressed to their former camp shall be for$arded to them $ithout dela!' The camp commander shall ta)e, in agreement $ith the prisoners@ representative, an! measures needed to ensure the transport of the prisoners@ communit! propert! and of the luggage the! are unable to ta)e $ith them in conse8uence of restrictions imposed b! virtue of the second paragraph of this Article' The costs of transfers shall be borne b! the Detaining Po$er' ;ection &&&' >abour of Prisoners of #ar Art 49' The Detaining Po$er ma! utili*e the labour of prisoners of $ar $ho are ph!sicall! fit, ta)ing into account their age, se., ran) and ph!sical aptitude, and $ith a vie$ particularl! to maintaining them in a good state of ph!sical and mental health' <on/commissioned officers $ho are prisoners of $ar shall onl! be re8uired to do supervisor! $or)' Those not so re8uired ma! as) for other suitable $or) $hich shall, so far as possible, be found for them' &f officers or persons of e8uivalent status as) for suitable $or), it shall be found for them, so far as

possible, but the! ma! in no circumstances be compelled to $or)' Art 5:' 7esides $or) connected $ith camp administration, installation or maintenance, prisoners of $ar ma! be compelled to do onl! such $or) as is included in the follo$ing classes% ,a- agriculture0 ,b- industries connected $ith the production or the e.traction of ra$ materials, and manufacturing industries, $ith the e.ception of metallurgical, machiner! and chemical industries0 public $or)s and building operations $hich have no militar! character or purpose0 ,c- transport and handling of stores $hich are not militar! in character or purpose0 ,d- commercial business, and arts and crafts0 ,e- domestic service0 ,f- public utilit! services having no militar! character or purpose' ;hould the above provisions be infringed, prisoners of $ar shall be allo$ed to e.ercise their right of complaint, in conformit! $ith Article "9' Art 51' Prisoners of $ar must be granted suitable $or)ing conditions, especiall! as regards accommodation, food, clothing and e8uipment0 such conditions shall not be inferior to those en1o!ed b! nationals of the Detaining Po$er emplo!ed in similar $or)0 account shall also be ta)en of climatic conditions' The Detaining Po$er, in utili*ing the labour of prisoners of $ar, shall ensure that in areas in $hich such prisoners are emplo!ed, the national legislation concerning the protection of labour, and, more particularl!, the regulations for the safet! of $or)ers, are dul! applied' Prisoners of $ar shall receive training and be provided $ith the means of protection suitable to the $or) the! $ill have to do and similar to those accorded to the nationals of the Detaining Po$er' ;ub1ect to the provisions of Article 52, prisoners ma! be submitted to the normal ris)s run b! these civilian $or)ers' Conditions of labour shall in no case be rendered more arduous b! disciplinar! measures' Art 52' Bnless he be a volunteer, no prisoner of $ar ma! be emplo!ed on labour $hich is of an unhealth! or dangerous nature' <o prisoner of $ar shall be assigned to labour $hich $ould be loo)ed upon as humiliating for a member of the Detaining Po$er@s o$n forces' The removal of mines or similar devices shall be considered as dangerous labour' Art 5+' The duration of the dail! labour of prisoners of $ar, including the time of the 1ourne! to and fro, shall not be e.cessive, and must in no case e.ceed that permitted for civilian $or)ers in the district, $ho are nationals of the Detaining Po$er and emplo!ed on the same $or)' Prisoners of $ar must be allo$ed, in the middle of the da!@s $or), a rest of not less than one hour' This rest $ill be the same as that to $hich $or)ers of the Detaining Po$er are entitled, if the latter is of longer duration' The! shall be allo$ed in addition a rest of t$ent!/four consecutive hours

ever! $ee), preferabl! on ;unda! or the da! of rest in their countr! of origin' =urthermore, ever! prisoner $ho has $or)ed for one !ear shall be granted a rest of eight consecutive da!s, during $hich his $or)ing pa! shall be paid him' &f methods of labour such as piece $or) are emplo!ed, the length of the $or)ing period shall not be rendered e.cessive thereb!' Art 54' The $or)ing pa! due to prisoners of $ar shall be fi.ed in accordance $ith the provisions of Article 62 of the present Convention' Prisoners of $ar $ho sustain accidents in connection $ith $or), or $ho contract a disease in the course, or in conse8uence of their $or), shall receive all the care their condition ma! re8uire' The Detaining Po$er shall furthermore deliver to such prisoners of $ar a medical certificate enabling them to submit their claims to the Po$er on $hich the! depend, and shall send a duplicate to the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc! provided for in Article 12+' Art 55' The fitness of prisoners of $ar for $or) shall be periodicall! verified b! medical e.aminations at least once a month' The e.aminations shall have particular regard to the nature of the $or) $hich prisoners of $ar are re8uired to do' &f an! prisoner of $ar considers himself incapable of $or)ing, he shall be permitted to appear before the medical authorities of his camp' Ph!sicians or surgeons ma! recommend that the prisoners $ho are, in their opinion, unfit for $or), be e.empted therefrom' Art 56' The organi*ation and administration of labour detachments shall be similar to those of prisoner of $ar camps' ?ver! labour detachment shall remain under the control of and administrativel! part of a prisoner of $ar camp' The militar! authorities and the commander of the said camp shall be responsible, under the direction of their government, for the observance of the provisions of the present Convention in labour detachments' The camp commander shall )eep an up/to/date record of the labour detachments dependent on his camp, and shall communicate it to the delegates of the Protecting Po$er, of the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, or of other agencies giving relief to prisoners of $ar, $ho ma! visit the camp' Art 5"' The treatment of prisoners of $ar $ho $or) for private persons, even if the latter are responsible for guarding and protecting them, shall not be inferior to that $hich is provided for b! the present Convention' The Detaining Po$er, the militar! authorities and the commander of the camp to $hich such prisoners belong shall be entirel! responsible for the maintenance, care, treatment, and pa!ment of the $or)ing pa! of such prisoners of $ar' ;uch prisoners of $ar shall have the right to remain in communication $ith the prisoners@ representatives in the camps on $hich the! depend' ;ection &D' =inancial 2esources of Prisoners of #ar

Art 59' Bpon the outbrea) of hostilities, and pending an arrangement on this matter $ith the Protecting Po$er, the Detaining Po$er ma! determine the ma.imum amount of mone! in cash or in an! similar form, that prisoners ma! have in their possession' An! amount in e.cess, $hich $as properl! in their possession and $hich has been ta)en or $ithheld from them, shall be placed to their account, together $ith an! monies deposited b! them, and shall not be converted into an! other currenc! $ithout their consent' &f prisoners of $ar are permitted to purchase services or commodities outside the camp against pa!ment in cash, such pa!ments shall be made b! the prisoner himself or b! the camp administration $ho $ill charge them to the accounts of the prisoners concerned' The Detaining Po$er $ill establish the necessar! rules in this respect' Art 59' Cash $hich $as ta)en from prisoners of $ar, in accordance $ith Article 19, at the time of their capture, and $hich is in the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er, shall be placed to their separate accounts, in accordance $ith the provisions of Article 64 of the present ;ection' The amounts, in the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er, due to the conversion of sums in other currencies that are ta)en from the prisoners of $ar at the same time, shall also be credited to their separate accounts' Art 6:' The Detaining Po$er shall grant all prisoners of $ar a monthl! advance of pa!, the amount of $hich shall be fi.ed b! conversion, into the currenc! of the said Po$er, of the follo$ing amounts% Categor! & % Prisoners ran)ing belo$ sergeants% eight ;$iss francs' Categor! && % ;ergeants and other non/commissioned officers, or prisoners of e8uivalent ran)% t$elve ;$iss francs' Categor! &&&% #arrant officers and commissioned officers belo$ the ran) of ma1or or prisoners of e8uivalent ran)% fift! ;$iss francs' Categor! &D % 3a1ors, lieutenant/colonels, colonels or prisoners of e8uivalent ran)% si.t! ;$iss francs' Categor! D % General officers or prisoners of $ar of e8uivalent ran)% sevent!/five ;$iss francs' (o$ever, the Parties to the conflict concerned ma! b! special agreement modif! the amount of advances of pa! due to prisoners of the preceding categories' =urthermore, if the amounts indicated in the first paragraph above $ould be undul! high compared $ith the pa! of the Detaining Po$er@s armed forces or $ould, for an! reason, seriousl! embarrass the Detaining Po$er, then, pending the conclusion of a special agreement $ith the Po$er on $hich the prisoners depend to var! the amounts indicated above, the Detaining Po$er% ,a- shall continue to credit the accounts of the prisoners $ith the amounts indicated in the first paragraph above0 ,b- ma! temporaril! limit the amount made available from these advances of pa! to prisoners of

$ar for their o$n use, to sums $hich are reasonable, but $hich, for Categor! &, shall never be inferior to the amount that the Detaining Po$er gives to the members of its o$n armed forces' The reasons for an! limitations $ill be given $ithout dela! to the Protecting Po$er' Art 61' The Detaining Po$er shall accept for distribution as supplementar! pa! to prisoners of $ar sums $hich the Po$er on $hich the prisoners depend ma! for$ard to them, on condition that the sums to be paid shall be the same for each prisoner of the same categor!, shall be pa!able to all prisoners of that categor! depending on that Po$er, and shall be placed in their separate accounts, at the earliest opportunit!, in accordance $ith the provisions of Article 64' ;uch supplementar! pa! shall not relieve the Detaining Po$er of an! obligation under this Convention' Art 62' Prisoners of $ar shall be paid a fair $or)ing rate of pa! b! the detaining authorities direct' The rate shall be fi.ed b! the said authorities, but shall at no time be less than one/fourth of one ;$iss franc for a full $or)ing da!' The Detaining Po$er shall inform prisoners of $ar, as $ell as the Po$er on $hich the! depend, through the intermediar! of the Protecting Po$er, of the rate of dail! $or)ing pa! that it has fi.ed' #or)ing pa! shall li)e$ise be paid b! the detaining authorities to prisoners of $ar permanentl! detailed to duties or to a s)illed or semi/s)illed occupation in connection $ith the administration, installation or maintenance of camps, and to the prisoners $ho are re8uired to carr! out spiritual or medical duties on behalf of their comrades' The $or)ing pa! of the prisoners@ representative, of his advisers, if an!, and of his assistants, shall be paid out of the fund maintained b! canteen profits' The scale of this $or)ing pa! shall be fi.ed b! the prisoners@ representative and approved b! the camp commander' &f there is no such fund, the detaining authorities shall pa! these prisoners a fair $or)ing rate of pa!' Atr 6+' Prisoners of $ar shall be permitted to receive remittances of mone! addressed to them individuall! or collectivel!' ?ver! prisoner of $ar shall have at his disposal the credit balance of his account as provided for in the follo$ing Article, $ithin the limits fi.ed b! the Detaining Po$er, $hich shall ma)e such pa!ments as are re8uested' ;ub1ect to financial or monetar! restrictions $hich the Detaining Po$er regards as essential, prisoners of $ar ma! also have pa!ments made abroad' &n this case pa!ments addressed b! prisoners of $ar to dependents shall be given priorit!' &n an! event, and sub1ect to the consent of the Po$er on $hich the! depend, prisoners ma! have pa!ments made in their o$n countr!, as follo$s% the Detaining Po$er shall send to the aforesaid Po$er through the Protecting Po$er, a notification giving all the necessar! particulars concerning the prisoners of $ar, the beneficiaries of the pa!ments, and the amount of the sums to be paid, e.pressed in the Detaining Po$er@s currenc!' The said notification shall be signed b! the prisoners and countersigned b! the camp commander' The Detaining Po$er shall debit the prisoners@ account b! a corresponding amount0 the sums thus debited shall be placed b! it to the credit of the Po$er on $hich the prisoners depend' To appl! the foregoing provisions, the Detaining Po$er ma! usefull! consult the 3odel 2egulations in Anne. D of the present Convention'

Art' 64 The Detaining Po$er shall hold an account for each prisoner of $ar, sho$ing at least the follo$ing% ,1- The amounts due to the prisoner or received b! him as advances of pa!, as $or)ing pa! or derived from an! other source0 the sums in the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er $hich $ere ta)en from him0 the sums ta)en from him and converted at his re8uest into the currenc! of the said Po$er' ,2- The pa!ments made to the prisoner in cash, or in an! other similar form0 the pa!ments made on his behalf and at his re8uest0 the sums transferred under Article 6+, third paragraph' Art 65' ?ver! item entered in the account of a prisoner of $ar shall be countersigned or initialled b! him, or b! the prisoners@ representative acting on his behalf' Prisoners of $ar shall at all times be afforded reasonable facilities for consulting and obtaining copies of their accounts, $hich ma! li)e$ise be inspected b! the representatives of the Protecting Po$ers at the time of visits to the camp' #hen prisoners of $ar are transferred from one camp to another, their personal accounts $ill follo$ them' &n case of transfer from one Detaining Po$er to another, the monies $hich are their propert! and are not in the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er $ill follo$ them' The! shall be given certificates for an! other monies standing to the credit of their accounts' The Parties to the conflict concerned ma! agree to notif! to each other at specific intervals through the Protecting Po$er, the amount of the accounts of the prisoners of $ar' Art 66' An the termination of captivit!, through the release of a prisoner of $ar or his repatriation, the Detaining Po$er shall give him a statement, signed b! an authori*ed officer of that Po$er, sho$ing the credit balance then due to him' The Detaining Po$er shall also send through the Protecting Po$er to the government upon $hich the prisoner of $ar depends, lists giving all appropriate particulars of all prisoners of $ar $hose captivit! has been terminated b! repatriation, release, escape, death or an! other means, and sho$ing the amount of their credit balances' ;uch lists shall be certified on each sheet b! an authori*ed representative of the Detaining Po$er' An! of the above provisions of this Article ma! be varied b! mutual agreement bet$een an! t$o Parties to the conflict' The Po$er on $hich the prisoner of $ar depends shall be responsible for settling $ith him an! credit balance due to him from the Detaining Po$er on the termination of his captivit!' Art 6"' Advances of pa!, issued to prisoners of $ar in conformit! $ith Article 6:, shall be considered as made on behalf of the Po$er on $hich the! depend' ;uch advances of pa!, as $ell as all pa!ments made b! the said Po$er under Article 6+, third paragraph, and Article 69, shall form the sub1ect of arrangements bet$een the Po$ers concerned, at the close of hostilities' Art 69' An! claim b! a prisoner of $ar for compensation in respect of an! in1ur! or other disabilit! arising out of $or) shall be referred to the Po$er on $hich he depends, through the Protecting

Po$er' &n accordance $ith Article 54, the Detaining Po$er $ill, in all cases, provide the prisoner of $ar concerned $ith a statement sho$ing the nature of the in1ur! or disabilit!, the circumstances in $hich it arose and particulars of medical or hospital treatment given for it' This statement $ill be signed b! a responsible officer of the Detaining Po$er and the medical particulars certified b! a medical officer' An! claim b! a prisoner of $ar for compensation in respect of personal effects monies or valuables impounded b! the Detaining Po$er under Article 19 and not forthcoming on his repatriation, or in respect of loss alleged to be due to the fault of the Detaining Po$er or an! of its servants, shall li)e$ise be referred to the Po$er on $hich he depends' <evertheless, an! such personal effects re8uired for use b! the prisoners of $ar $hilst in captivit! shall be replaced at the e.pense of the Detaining Po$er' The Detaining Po$er $ill, in all cases, provide the prisoner of $ar $ith a statement, signed b! a responsible officer, sho$ing all available information regarding the reasons $h! such effects, monies or valuables have not been restored to him' A cop! of this statement $ill be for$arded to the Po$er on $hich he depends through the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc! provided for in Article 12+' ;ection D' 2elations of Prisoners of #ar #ith the ?.terior Art 69' &mmediatel! upon prisoners of $ar falling into its po$er, the Detaining Po$er shall inform them and the Po$ers on $hich the! depend, through the Protecting Po$er, of the measures ta)en to carr! out the provisions of the present ;ection' The! shall li)e$ise inform the parties concerned of an! subse8uent modifications of such measures' Art ":' &mmediatel! upon capture, or not more than one $ee) after arrival at a camp, even if it is a transit camp, li)e$ise in case of sic)ness or transfer to hospital or to another camp, ever! prisoner of $ar shall be enabled to $rite direct to his famil!, on the one hand, and to the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc! provided for in Article 12+, on the other hand, a card similar, if possible, to the model anne.ed to the present Convention, informing his relatives of his capture, address and state of health' The said cards shall be for$arded as rapidl! as possible and ma! not be dela!ed in an! manner' Art "1' Prisoners of $ar shall be allo$ed to send and receive letters and cards' &f the Detaining Po$er deems it necessar! to limit the number of letters and cards sent b! each prisoner of $ar, the said number shall not be less than t$o letters and four cards monthl!, e.clusive of the capture cards provided for in Article ":, and conforming as closel! as possible to the models anne.ed to the present Convention' =urther limitations ma! be imposed onl! if the Protecting Po$er is satisfied that it $ould be in the interests of the prisoners of $ar concerned to do so o$ing to difficulties of translation caused b! the Detaining Po$er@s inabilit! to find sufficient 8ualified linguists to carr! out the necessar! censorship' &f limitations must be placed on the correspondence addressed to prisoners of $ar, the! ma! be ordered onl! b! the Po$er on $hich the prisoners depend, possibl! at the re8uest of the Detaining Po$er' ;uch letters and cards must be conve!ed b! the most rapid method at the disposal of the Detaining Po$er0 the! ma! not be dela!ed or retained for disciplinar! reasons' Prisoners of $ar $ho have been $ithout ne$s for a long period, or $ho are unable to receive ne$s from their ne.t of )in or to give them ne$s b! the ordinar! postal route, as $ell as those $ho

are at a great distance from their homes, shall be permitted to send telegrams, the fees being charged against the prisoners of $ar@s accounts $ith the Detaining Po$er or paid in the currenc! at their disposal' The! shall li)e$ise benefit b! this measure in cases of urgenc!' As a general rule, the correspondence of prisoners of $ar shall be $ritten in their native language' The Parties to the conflict ma! allo$ correspondence in other languages' ;ac)s containing prisoner of $ar mail must be securel! sealed and labelled so as clearl! to indicate their contents, and must be addressed to offices of destination' Art "2' Prisoners of $ar shall be allo$ed to receive b! post or b! an! other means individual parcels or collective shipments containing, in particular, foodstuffs, clothing, medical supplies and articles of a religious, educational or recreational character $hich ma! meet their needs, including boo)s, devotional articles, scientific e8uipment, e.amination papers, musical instruments, sports outfits and materials allo$ing prisoners of $ar to pursue their studies or their cultural activities' ;uch shipments shall in no $a! free the Detaining Po$er from the obligations imposed upon it b! virtue of the present Convention' The onl! limits $hich ma! be placed on these shipments shall be those proposed b! the Protecting Po$er in the interest of the prisoners themselves, or b! the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross or an! other organi*ation giving assistance to the prisoners, in respect of their o$n shipments onl!, on account of e.ceptional strain on transport or communications' The conditions for the sending of individual parcels and collective relief shall, if necessar!, be the sub1ect of special agreements bet$een the Po$ers concerned, $hich ma! in no case dela! the receipt b! the prisoners of relief supplies' 7oo)s ma! not be included in parcels of clothing and foodstuffs' 3edical supplies shall, as a rule, be sent in collective parcels' Art "+' &n the absence of special agreements bet$een the Po$ers concerned on the conditions for the receipt and distribution of collective relief shipments, the rules and regulations concerning collective shipments, $hich are anne.ed to the present Convention, shall be applied' The special agreements referred to above shall in no case restrict the right of prisoners@ representatives to ta)e possession of collective relief shipments intended for prisoners of $ar, to proceed to their distribution or to dispose of them in the interest of the prisoners' <or shall such agreements restrict the right of representatives of the Protecting Po$er, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross or an! other organi*ation giving assistance to prisoners of $ar and responsible for the for$arding of collective shipments, to supervise their distribution to the recipients' Art "4' All relief shipments for prisoners of $ar shall be e.empt from import, customs and other dues' Correspondence, relief shipments and authori*ed remittances of mone! addressed to prisoners of $ar or despatched b! them through the post office, either direct or through the &nformation 7ureau. provided for in Article 122 and the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc! provided for in Article

12+, shall be e.empt from an! postal dues, both in the countries of origin and destination, and in intermediate countries' &f relief shipments intended for prisoners of $ar cannot be sent through the post office b! reason of $eight or for an! other cause, the cost of transportation shall be borne b! the Detaining Po$er in all the territories under its control' The other Po$ers part! to the Convention shall bear the cost of transport in their respective territories' &n the absence of special agreements bet$een the Parties concerned, the costs connected $ith transport of such shipments, other than costs covered b! the above e.emption, shall be charged to the senders' The (igh Contracting Parties shall endeavour to reduce, so far as possible, the rates charged for telegrams sent b! prisoners of $ar, or addressed to them'
Art 75. Should military operations prevent the Powers concerned from fulfilling their obligation to assure the transport of the shipments referred to in Articles 70, 71, 7 and 77, the Protecting Powers concerned, the !nternational "ommittee of the #e "ross or any other organi$ation duly approved by the Parties to the conflict ma! underta)e to ensure

the conve!ance of such shipments b! suitable means ,rail$a! $agons, motor vehicles, vessels or aircraft, etc'-' =or this purpose, the (igh Contracting Parties shall endeavour to suppl! them $ith such transport and to allo$ its circulation, especiall! b! granting the necessar! safe/conducts' ;uch transport ma! also be used to conve!%
%a& correspondence, lists and reports e'changed between the "entral !nformation Agency referred to in Article 1 ( and the )ational 7ureau. referred to in Article 1220

,b- correspondence and reports relating to prisoners of $ar $hich the Protecting Po$ers, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross or an! other bod! assisting the prisoners, e.change either $ith their o$n delegates or $ith the Parties to the conflict' These provisions in no $a! detract from the right of an! Part! to the conflict to arrange other means of transport, if it should so prefer, nor preclude the granting of safe/conducts, under mutuall! agreed conditions, to such means of transport' &n the absence of special agreements, the costs occasioned b! the use of such means of transport shall be borne proportionall! b! the Parties to the conflict $hose nationals are benefited thereb!' Art "6' The censoring of correspondence addressed to prisoners of $ar or despatched b! them shall be done as 8uic)l! as possible' 3ail shall be censored onl! b! the despatching ;tate and the receiving ;tate, and once onl! b! each' The e.amination of consignments intended for prisoners of $ar shall not be carried out under conditions that $ill e.pose the goods contained in them to deterioration0 e.cept in the case of $ritten or printed matter, it shall be done in the presence of the addressee, or of a fello$/prisoner dul! delegated b! him' The deliver! to prisoners of individual or collective consignments shall not be dela!ed under the prete.t of difficulties of censorship' An! prohibition of correspondence ordered b! Parties to the conflict, either for militar! or political

reasons, shall be onl! temporar! and its duration shall be as short as possible' Art ""' The Detaining Po$ers shall provide all facilities for the transmission, through the Protecting Po$er or the Central Prisoners of #ar Agenc! provided for in Article 12+ of instruments, papers or documents intended for prisoners of $ar or despatched b! them, especiall! po$ers of attorne! and $ills' &n all cases the! shall facilitate the preparation and e.ecution of such documents on behalf of prisoners of $ar0 in particular, the! shall allo$ them to consult a la$!er and shall ta)e $hat measures are necessar! for the authentication of their signatures' ;ection D&' 2elations 7et$een Prisoners of #ar and the Authorities Chapter &' Complaints of Prisoners of #ar 2especting the Conditions of Captivit! Art "9 Prisoners of $ar shall have the right to ma)e )no$n to the militar! authorities in $hose po$er the! are, their re8uests regarding the conditions of captivit! to $hich the! are sub1ected' The! shall also have the unrestricted right to appl! to the representatives of the Protecting Po$ers either through their prisoners@ representative or, if the! consider it necessar!, direct, in order to dra$ their attention to an! points on $hich the! ma! have complaints to ma)e regarding their conditions of captivit!' These re8uests and complaints shall not be limited nor considered to be a part of the correspondence 8uota referred to in Article "1' The! must be transmitted immediatel!' ?ven if the! are recogni*ed to be unfounded, the! ma! not give rise to an! punishment' Prisoners@ representatives ma! send periodic reports on the situation in the camps and the needs of the prisoners of $ar to the representatives of the Protecting Po$ers' Chapter &&' Prisoner of #ar 2epresentatives Art "9' &&n all places $here there are prisoners of $ar, e.cept in those $here there are officers, the prisoners shall freel! elect b! secret ballot, ever! si. months, and also in case of vacancies, prisoners@ representatives entrusted $ith representing them before the militar! authorities, the Protecting Po$ers, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross and an! other organi*ation $hich ma! assist them' These prisoners@ representatives shall be eligible for re/election' &n camps for officers and persons of e8uivalent status or in mi.ed camps, the senior officer among the prisoners of $ar shall be recogni*ed as the camp prisoners@ representative' &n camps for officers, he shall be assisted b! one or more advisers chosen b! the officers0 in mi.ed camps, his assistants shall be chosen from among the prisoners of $ar $ho are not officers and shall be elected b! them' Afficer prisoners of $ar of the same nationalit! shall be stationed in labour camps for prisoners of $ar, for the purpose of carr!ing out the camp administration duties for $hich the prisoners of $ar are responsible' These officers ma! be elected as prisoners@ representatives under the first paragraph of this Article' &n such a case the assistants to the prisoners@ representatives shall be

chosen from among those prisoners of $ar $ho are not officers' ?ver! representative elected must be approved b! the Detaining Po$er before he has the right to commence his duties' #here the Detaining Po$er refuses to approve a prisoner of $ar elected b! his fello$ prisoners of $ar, it must inform the Protecting Po$er of the reason for such refusal' &n all cases the prisoners@ representative must have the same nationalit!, language and customs as the prisoners of $ar $hom he represents' Thus, prisoners of $ar distributed in different sections of a camp, according to their nationalit!, language or customs, shall have for each section their o$n prisoners@ representative, in accordance $ith the foregoing paragraphs' Art 9:' Prisoners@ representatives shall further the ph!sical, spiritual and intellectual $ell/being of prisoners of $ar' &n particular, $here the prisoners decide to organi*e amongst themselves a s!stem of mutual assistance, this organi*ation $ill be $ithin the province of the prisoners@ representative, in addition to the special duties entrusted to him b! other provisions of the present Convention' Prisoners@ representatives shall not be held responsible, simpl! b! reason of their duties, for an! offences committed b! prisoners of $ar' Art 91' Prisoners@ representatives shall not be re8uired to perform an! other $or), if the accomplishment of their duties is thereb! made more difficult' Prisoners@ representatives ma! appoint from amongst the prisoners such assistants as the! ma! re8uire' All material facilities shall be granted them, particularl! a certain freedom of movement necessar! for the accomplishment of their duties ,inspection of labour detachments, receipt of supplies, etc'-' Prisoners@ representatives shall be permitted to visit premises $here prisoners of $ar are detained, and ever! prisoner of $ar shall have the right to consult freel! his prisoners@ representative' All facilities shall li)e$ise be accorded to the prisoners@ representatives for communication b! post and telegraph $ith the detaining authorities, the Protecting Po$ers, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross and their delegates, the 3i.ed 3edical Commissions and the bodies $hich give assistance to prisoners of $ar' Prisoners@ representatives of labour detachments shall en1o! the same facilities for communication $ith the prisoners@ representatives of the principal camp' ;uch communications shall not be restricted, nor considered as forming a part of the 8uota mentioned in Article "1' Prisoners@ representatives $ho are transferred shall be allo$ed a reasonable time to ac8uaint their successors $ith current affairs' &n case of dismissal, the reasons therefor shall be communicated to the Protecting Po$er'

Chapter &&&' Penal and Disciplinar! ;anctions

&' General Provisions Art 92' A prisoner of $ar shall be sub1ect to the la$s, regulations and orders in force in the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er0 the Detaining Po$er shall be 1ustified in ta)ing 1udicial or disciplinar! measures in respect of an! offence committed b! a prisoner of $ar against such la$s, regulations or orders' (o$ever, no proceedings or punishments contrar! to the provisions of this Chapter shall be allo$ed' &f an! la$, regulation or order of the Detaining Po$er shall declare acts committed b! a prisoner of $ar to be punishable, $hereas the same acts $ould not be punishable if committed b! a member of the forces of the Detaining Po$er, such acts shall entail disciplinar! punishments onl!' Art 9+' &n deciding $hether proceedings in respect of an offence alleged to have been committed b! a prisoner of $ar shall be 1udicial or disciplinar!, the Detaining Po$er shall ensure that the competent authorities e.ercise the greatest lenienc! and adopt, $herever possible, disciplinar! rather than 1udicial measures' Art 94' A prisoner of $ar shall be tried onl! b! a militar! court, unless the e.isting la$s of the Detaining Po$er e.pressl! permit the civil courts to tr! a member of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er in respect of the particular offence alleged to have been committed b! the prisoner of $ar'

&n no circumstances $hatever shall a prisoner of $ar be tried b! a court of an! )ind $hich does not offer the essential guarantees of independence and impartialit! as generall! recogni*ed, and, in particular, the procedure of $hich does not afford the accused the rights and means of defence provided for in Article 1:5' Art 95' Prisoners of $ar prosecuted under the la$s of the Detaining Po$er for acts committed prior to capture shall retain, even if convicted, the benefits of the present Convention' Art 96' <o prisoner of $ar ma! be punished more than once for the same act or on the same charge' Art 9"' Prisoners of $ar ma! not be sentenced b! the militar! authorities and courts of the Detaining Po$er to an! penalties e.cept those provided for in respect of members of the armed forces of the said Po$er $ho have committed the same acts' #hen fi.ing the penalt!, the courts or authorities of the Detaining Po$er shall ta)e into consideration, to the $idest e.tent possible, the fact that the accused, not being a national of the Detaining Po$er, is not bound to it b! an! dut! of allegiance, and that he is in its po$er as the result of circumstances independent of his o$n $ill' The said courts or authorities shall be at libert! to reduce the penalt! provided for the violation of $hich the prisoner of $ar is accused, and shall therefore not be bound to appl! the minimum penalt! prescribed' Collective punishment for individual acts, corporal punishment, imprisonment in premises $ithout da!light and, in general, an! form of torture or cruelt!, are forbidden'

<o prisoner of $ar ma! be deprived of his ran) b! the Detaining Po$er, or prevented from $earing his badges' Art 99' Afficers, non/commissioned officers and men $ho are prisoners of $ar undergoing a disciplinar! or 1udicial punishment, shall not be sub1ected to more severe treatment than that applied in respect of the same punishment to members of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er of e8uivalent ran)' A $oman prisoner of $ar shall not be a$arded or sentenced to a punishment more severe, or treated $hilst undergoing punishment more severel!, than a $oman member of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er dealt $ith for a similar offence' &n no case ma! a $oman prisoner of $ar be a$arded or sentenced to a punishment more severe, or treated $hilst undergoing punishment more severel!, than a male member of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er dealt $ith for a similar offence' Prisoners of $ar $ho have served disciplinar! or 1udicial sentences ma! not be treated differentl! from other prisoners of $ar' &&' Disciplinar! ;anctions Art 99' The disciplinar! punishments applicable to prisoners of $ar are the follo$ing% ,1- A fine $hich shall not e.ceed 5: per cent of the advances of pa! and $or)ing pa! $hich the prisoner of $ar $ould other$ise receive under the provisions of Articles 6: and 62 during a period of not more than thirt! da!s' ,2- Discontinuance of privileges granted over and above the treatment provided for b! the present Convention' ,+- =atigue duties not e.ceeding t$o hours dail!' ,4- Confinement' The punishment referred to under ,+- shall not be applied to officers' &n no case shall disciplinar! punishments be inhuman, brutal or dangerous to the health of prisoners of $ar' Art 9:' The duration of an! single punishment shall in no case e.ceed thirt! da!s' An! period of confinement a$aiting the hearing of a disciplinar! offence or the a$ard of disciplinar! punishment shall be deducted from an a$ard pronounced against a prisoner of $ar' The ma.imum of thirt! da!s provided above ma! not be e.ceeded, even if the prisoner of $ar is ans$erable for several acts at the same time $hen he is a$arded punishment, $hether such acts are related or not' The period bet$een the pronouncing of an a$ard of disciplinar! punishment and its e.ecution shall not e.ceed one month'

#hen a prisoner of $ar is a$arded a further disciplinar! punishment, a period of at least three da!s shall elapse bet$een the e.ecution of an! t$o of the punishments, if the duration of one of these is ten da!s or more' Art 91' The escape of a prisoner of $ar shall be deemed to have succeeded $hen% ,1- he has 1oined the armed forces of the Po$er on $hich he depends, or those of an allied Po$er0 ,2- he has left the territor! under the control of the Detaining Po$er, or of an all! of the said Po$er0 ,+- he has 1oined a ship fl!ing the flag of the Po$er on $hich he depends, or of an allied Po$er, in the territorial $aters of the Detaining Po$er, the said ship not being under the control of the last named Po$er' Prisoners of $ar $ho have made good their escape in the sense of this Article and $ho are recaptured, shall not be liable to an! punishment in respect of their previous escape' Art 92' A prisoner of $ar $ho attempts to escape and is recaptured before having made good his escape in the sense of Article 91 shall be liable onl! to a disciplinar! punishment in respect of this act, even if it is a repeated offence' A prisoner of $ar $ho is recaptured shall be handed over $ithout dela! to the competent militar! authorit!' Article 99, fourth paragraph, not$ithstanding, prisoners of $ar punished as a result of an unsuccessful escape ma! be sub1ected to special surveillance' ;uch surveillance must not affect the state of their health, must be undergone in a prisoner of $ar camp, and must not entail the suppression of an! of the safeguards granted them b! the present Convention' Art 9+' ?scape or attempt to escape, even if it is a repeated offence, shall not be deemed an aggravating circumstance if the prisoner of $ar is sub1ected to trial b! 1udicial proceedings in respect of an offence committed during his escape or attempt to escape' &n conformit! $ith the principle stated in Article 9+, offences committed b! prisoners of $ar $ith the sole intention of facilitating their escape and $hich do not entail an! violence against life or limb, such as offences against public propert!, theft $ithout intention of self/enrichment, the dra$ing up or use of false papers, or the $earing of civilian clothing, shall occasion disciplinar! punishment onl!' Prisoners of $ar $ho aid or abet an escape or an attempt to escape shall be liable on this count to disciplinar! punishment onl!' Art 94' &f an escaped prisoner of $ar is recaptured, the Po$er on $hich he depends shall be notified thereof in the manner defined in Article 122, provided notification of his escape has been made' Art 95' A prisoner of $ar accused of an offence against discipline shall not be )ept in confinement pending the hearing unless a member of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er $ould be so

)ept if he $ere accused of a similar offence, or if it is essential in the interests of camp order and discipline' An! period spent b! a prisoner of $ar in confinement a$aiting the disposal of an offence against discipline shall be reduced to an absolute minimum and shall not e.ceed fourteen da!s' The provisions of Articles 9" and 99 of this Chapter shall appl! to prisoners of $ar $ho are in confinement a$aiting the disposal of offences against discipline' Art 96' Acts $hich constitute offences against discipline shall be investigated immediatel!' #ithout pre1udice to the competence of courts and superior militar! authorities, disciplinar! punishment ma! be ordered onl! b! an officer having disciplinar! po$ers in his capacit! as camp commander, or b! a responsible officer $ho replaces him or to $hom he has delegated his disciplinar! po$ers' &n no case ma! such po$ers be delegated to a prisoner of $ar or be e.ercised b! a prisoner of $ar' 7efore an! disciplinar! a$ard is pronounced, the accused shall be given precise information regarding the offences of $hich he is accused, and given an opportunit! of e.plaining his conduct and of defending himself' (e shall be permitted, in particular, to call $itnesses and to have recourse, if necessar!, to the services of a 8ualified interpreter' The decision shall be announced to the accused prisoner of $ar and to the prisoners@ representative' A record of disciplinar! punishments shall be maintained b! the camp commander and shall be open to inspection b! representatives of the Protecting Po$er' Art 9"' Prisoners of $ar shall not in an! case be transferred to penitentiar! establishments ,prisons, penitentiaries, convict prisons, etc'- to undergo disciplinar! punishment therein' All premises in $hich disciplinar! punishments are undergone shall conform to the sanitar! re8uirements set forth in Article 25' A prisoner of $ar undergoing punishment shall be enabled to )eep himself in a state of cleanliness, in conformit! $ith Article 29' Afficers and persons of e8uivalent status shall not be lodged in the same 8uarters as non/ commissioned officers or men' #omen prisoners of $ar undergoing disciplinar! punishment shall be confined in separate 8uarters from male prisoners of $ar and shall be under the immediate supervision of $omen' Art 99' A prisoner of $ar undergoing confinement as a disciplinar! punishment, shall continue to en1o! the benefits of'the provisions of this Convention e.cept in so far as these are necessaril! rendered inapplicable b! the mere fact that he is confined' &n no case ma! he be deprived of the benefits of the provisions of Articles "9 and 126' A prisoner of $ar a$arded disciplinar! punishment ma! not be deprived of the prerogatives attached to his ran)'

Prisoners of $ar a$arded disciplinar! punishment shall be allo$ed to e.ercise and to sta! in the open air at least t$o hours dail!' The! shall be allo$ed, on their re8uest, to be present at the dail! medical inspections' The! shall receive the attention $hich their state of health re8uires and, if necessar!, shall be removed to the camp infirmar! or to a hospital' The! shall have permission to read and $rite, li)e$ise to send and receive letters' Parcels and remittances of mone! ho$ever, ma! be $ithheld from them until the completion of the punishment0 the! shall mean$hile be entrusted to the prisoners@ representative, $ho/$ill hand over to the infirmar! the perishable goods contained in such parcels' &&&' uridicial Proceedings Art 99' <o prisoner of $ar ma! be tried or sentenced for an act $hich is not forbidden b! the la$ of the Detaining Po$er or b! international la$, in force at the time the said act $as committed' <o moral or ph!sical coercion ma! be e.erted on a prisoner of $ar in order to induce him to admit himself guilt! of the act of $hich he is accused' <o prisoner of $ar ma! be convicted $ithout having had an opportunit! to present his defence and the assistance of a 8ualified advocate or counsel' Art 1::' Prisoners of $ar and the Protecting Po$ers shall be informed as soon as possible of the offences $hich are punishable b! the death sentence under the la$s of the Detaining Po$er' Ather offences shall not thereafter be made punishable b! the death penalt! $ithout the concurrence of the Po$er on $hich the prisoners of $ar depend' The death sentence cannot be pronounced on a prisoner of $ar unless the attention of the court has, in accordance $ith Article 9", second paragraph, been particularl! called to the fact that since the accused is not a national of the Detaining Po$er, he is not bound to it b! an! dut! of allegiance, and that he is in its po$er as the result of circumstances independent of his o$n $ill' Art 1:1' &f the death penalt! is pronounced on a prisoner of $ar, the sentence shall not be e.ecuted before the e.piration of a period of at least si. months from the date $hen the Protecting Po$er receives, at an indicated address, the detailed communication provided for in Article 1:"' Art 1:2' A prisoner of $ar can be validl! sentenced onl! if the sentence has been pronounced b! the same courts according to the same procedure as in the case of members of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er, and if, furthermore, the provisions of the present Chapter have been observed' Art 1:+' udicial investigations relating to a prisoner of $ar shall be conducted as rapidl! as circumstances permit and so that his trial shall ta)e place as soon as possible' A prisoner of $ar shall not be confined $hile a$aiting trial unless a member of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er $ould be so confined if he $ere accused of a similar offence, or if it is essential to do so in

the interests of national securit!' &n no circumstances shall this confinement e.ceed three months' An! period spent b! a prisoner of $ar in confinement a$aiting trial shall be deducted from an! sentence of imprisonment passed upon him and ta)en into account in fi.ing an! penalt!' The provisions of Articles 9" and 99 of this Chapter shall appl! to a prisoner of $ar $hilst in confinement a$aiting trial' Art 1:4' &n an! case in $hich the Detaining Po$er has decided to institute 1udicial proceedings against a prisoner of $ar, it shall notif! the Protecting Po$er as soon as possible and at least three $ee)s before the opening of the trial' This period of three $ee)s shall run as from the da! on $hich such notification reaches the Protecting Po$er at the address previousl! indicated b! the latter to the Detaining Po$er' The said notification shall contain the follo$ing information% ,1- ;urname and first names of the prisoner of $ar, his ran), his arm!, regimental, personal or serial number, his date of birth, and his profession or trade, if an!0 ,2- Place of internment or confinement0 ,+- ;pecification of the charge or charges on $hich the prisoner of $ar is to be arraigned, giving the legal provisions applicable0 ,4- Designation of the court $hich $ill tr! the case, li)e$ise the date and place fi.ed for the opening of the trial' The same communication shall be made b! the Detaining Po$er to the prisoners@ representative' &f no evidence is submitted, at the opening of a trial, that the notification referred to above $as received b! the Protecting Po$er, b! the prisoner of $ar and b! the prisoners@ representative concerned, at least three $ee)s before the opening of the trial, then the latter cannot ta)e place and must be ad1ourned' Art 1:5' The prisoner of $ar shall be entitled to assistance b! one of his prisoner comrades, to defence b! a 8ualified advocate or counsel of his o$n choice, to the calling of $itnesses and, if he deems necessar!, to the services of a competent interpreter' (e shall be advised of these rights b! the Detaining Po$er in due time before the trial' =ailing a choice b! the prisoner of $ar, the Protecting Po$er shall find him an advocate or counsel, and shall have at least one $ee) at its disposal for the purpose' The Detaining Po$er shall deliver to the said Po$er, on re8uest, a list of persons 8ualified to present the defence' =ailing a choice of an advocate or counsel b! the prisoner of $ar or the Protecting Po$er, the Detaining Po$er shall appoint a competent advocate or counsel to conduct the defence' The advocate or counsel conducting the defence on behalf of the prisoner of $ar shall have at his disposal a period of t$o $ee)s at least before the opening of the trial, as $ell as the necessar! facilities to prepare the defence of the accused' (e ma!, in particular, freel! visit the accused and intervie$ him in private' (e ma! also confer $ith an! $itnesses for the defence, including prisoners of $ar' (e shall have the benefit of these facilities until the term of appeal or petition has e.pired'

Particulars of the charge or charges on $hich the prisoner of $ar is to be arraigned, as $ell as the documents $hich are generall! communicated to the accused b! virtue of the la$s in force in the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er, shall be communicated to the accused prisoner of $ar in a language $hich he understands, and in good time before the opening of the trial' The same communication in the same circumstances shall be made to the advocate or counsel conducting the defence on behalf of the prisoner of $ar' The representatives of the Protecting Po$er shall be entitled to attend the trial of the case, unless, e.ceptionall!, this is held in camera in the interest of ;tate securit!' &n such a case the Detaining Po$er shall advise the Protecting Po$er accordingl!' Art 1:6' ?ver! prisoner of $ar shall have, in the same manner as the members of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er, the right of appeal or petition from an! sentence pronounced upon him, $ith a vie$ to the 8uashing or revising of the sentence or the reopening of the trial' (e shall be full! informed of his right to appeal or petition and of the time limit $ithin $hich he ma! do so' Art 1:"' An! 1udgment and sentence pronounced upon a prisoner of $ar shall be immediatel! reported to the Protecting Po$er in the form of a summar! communication, $hich shall also indicate $hether he has the right of appeal $ith a vie$ to the 8uashing of the sentence or the reopening of the trial' This communication shall li)e$ise be sent to the prisoners@ representative concerned' &t shall also be sent to the accused prisoner of $ar in a language he understands, if the sentence $as not pronounced in his presence' The Detaining Po$er shall also immediatel! communicate to the Protecting Po$er the decision of the prisoner of $ar to use or to $aive his right of appeal' =urthermore, if a prisoner of $ar is finall! convicted or if a sentence pronounced on a prisoner of $ar in the first instance is a death sentence, the Detaining Po$er shall as soon as possible address to the Protecting Po$er a detailed communication containing% ,1- the precise $ording of the finding and sentence0 ,2- a summari*ed report of an! preliminar! investigation and of the trial, emphasi*ing in particular the elements of the prosecution and the defence0 ,+- notification, $here applicable, of the establishment $here the sentence $ill be served' The communications provided for in the foregoing sub/paragraphs shall be sent to the Protecting Po$er at the address previousl! made )no$n to the Detaining Po$er' Art 1:9';entences pronounced on prisoners of $ar after a conviction has become dul! enforceable, shall be served in the same establishments and under the same conditions as in the case of members of the armed forces of the Detaining Po$er' These conditions shall in all cases conform to the re8uirements of health and humanit!' A $oman prisoner of $ar on $hom such a sentence has been pronounced shall be confined in separate 8uarters and shall be under the supervision of $omen' &n an! case, prisoners of $ar sentenced to a penalt! depriving them of their libert! shall retain the benefit of the provisions of Articles "9 and 126 of the present Convention' =urthermore, the! shall be entitled to receive and despatch correspondence, to receive at least one relief parcel monthl!,

to ta)e regular e.ercise in the open air, to have the medical care re8uired b! their state of health, and the spiritual assistance the! ma! desire' Penalties to $hich the! ma! be sub1ected shall be in accordance $ith the provisions of Article 9", third paragraph' Part &D' Termination of Captivit! ;ection &' Direct 2epatriation and Accommodation in <eutral Countries Art 1:9' ;ub1ect to the provisions of the third paragraph of this Article, Parties to the conflict are bound to send bac) to their o$n countr!, regardless of number or ran), seriousl! $ounded and seriousl! sic) prisoners of $ar, after having cared for them until the! are fit to travel, in accordance $ith the first paragraph of the follo$ing Article' Throughout the duration of hostilities, Parties to the conflict shall endeavour, $ith the cooperation of the neutral Po$ers concerned, to ma)e arrangements for the accommodation in neutral countries of the sic) and $ounded prisoners of $ar referred to in the second paragraph of the follo$ing Article' The! ma!, in addition, conclude agreements $ith a vie$ to the direct repatriation or internment in a neutral countr! of able/bodied prisoners of $ar $ho have undergone a long period of captivit!' <o sic) or in1ured prisoner of $ar $ho is eligible for repatriation under the first paragraph of this Article, ma! be repatriated against his $ill during hostilities' Art 11:' The follo$ing shall be repatriated direct% ,1- &ncurabl! $ounded and sic) $hose mental or ph!sical fitness seems to have been gravel! diminished' ,2- #ounded and sic) $ho, according to medical opinion, are not li)el! to recover $ithin one !ear, $hose condition re8uires treatment and $hose mental or ph!sical fitness seems to have been gravel! diminished' ,+- #ounded and sic) $ho have recovered, but $hose mental or ph!sical fitness seems to have been gravel! and permanentl! diminished' The follo$ing ma! be accommodated in a neutral countr!% ,1- #ounded and sic) $hose recover! ma! be e.pected $ithin one !ear of the date of the $ound or the beginning of the illness, if treatment in a neutral countr! might increase the prospects of a more certain and speed! recover!' ,2- Prisoners of $ar $hose mental or ph!sical health, according to medical opinion, is seriousl! threatened b! continued captivit!, but $hose accommodation in a neutral countr! might remove such a threat' The conditions $hich prisoners of $ar accommodated in a neutral countr! must fulfil in order to permit their repatriation shall be fi.ed, as shall li)e$ise their status, b! agreement bet$een the Po$ers concerned' &n general, prisoners of $ar $ho have been accommodated in a neutral countr!, and $ho belong to the follo$ing categories, should be repatriated% ,1- Those $hose state of health has deteriorated so as to fulfil the condition laid do$n for direct

repatriation0 ,2- Those $hose mental or ph!sical po$ers remain, even after treatment, considerabl! impaired' &f no special agreements are concluded bet$een the Parties to the conflict concerned, to determine the cases of disablement or sic)ness entailing direct repatriation or accommodation in a neutral countr!, such cases shall be settled in accordance $ith the principles laid do$n in the 3odel Agreement concerning direct repatriation and accommodation in neutral countries of $ounded and sic) prisoners of $ar and in the 2egulations concerning 3i.ed 3edical Commissions anne.ed to the present Convention' Art 111' The Detaining Po$er, the Po$er on $hich the prisoners of $ar depend, and a neutral Po$er agreed upon b! these t$o Po$ers, shall endeavour to conclude agreements $hich $ill enable prisoners of $ar to be interned in the territor! of the said neutral Po$er until the close of hostilities' Art 112' Bpon the outbrea) of hostilities, 3i.ed 3edical Commissions shall be appointed to e.amine sic) and $ounded prisoners of $ar, and to ma)e all appropriate decisions regarding them' The appointment, duties and functioning of these Commissions shall be in conformit! $ith the provisions of the 2egulations anne.ed to the present Convention' (o$ever, prisoners of $ar $ho, in the opinion of the medical authorities of the Detaining Po$er, are manifestl! seriousl! in1ured or seriousl! sic), ma! be repatriated $ithout having to be e.amined b! a 3i.ed 3edical Commission' Art 11+' 7esides those $ho are designated b! the medical authorities of the Detaining Po$er, $ounded or sic) prisoners of $ar belonging to the categories listed belo$ shall be entitled to present themselves for e.amination b! the 3i.ed 3edical Commissions provided for in the foregoing Article% ,1- #ounded and sic) proposed b! a ph!sician or surgeon $ho is of the same nationalit!, or a national of a Part! to the conflict allied $ith the Po$er on $hich the said prisoners depend, and $ho e.ercises his functions in the camp' ,2- #ounded and sic) proposed b! their prisoners@ representative' ,+- #ounded and sic) proposed b! the Po$er on $hich the! depend, or b! an organi*ation dul! recogni*ed b! the said Po$er and giving assistance to the prisoners' Prisoners of $ar $ho do not belong to one of the three foregoing categories ma! nevertheless present themselves for e.amination b! 3i.ed 3edical Commissions, but shall be e.amined onl! after those belonging to the said categories' The ph!sician or surgeon of the same nationalit! as the prisoners $ho present themselves for e.amination b! the 3i.ed 3edical Commission, li)e$ise the prisoners@ representative of the said prisoners, shall have permission to be present at the e.amination' Art 114' Prisoners of $ar $ho meet $ith accidents shall, unless the in1ur! is self/inflicted, have the

benefit of the provisions of this Convention as regards repatriation or accommodation in a neutral countr!' Art 115' <o prisoner of $ar on $hom a disciplinar! punishment has been imposed and $ho is eligible for repatriation or for accommodation in a neutral countr!, ma! be )ept bac) on the plea that he has not undergone his punishment' Prisoners of $ar detained in connection $ith a 1udicial prosecution or conviction, and $ho are designated for repatriation or accommodation in a neutral countr!, ma! benefit b! such measures before the end of the proceedings or the completion of the punishment, if the Detaining Po$er consents' Parties to the conflict shall communicate to each other the names of those $ho $ill be detained until the end of the proceedings or the completion of the punishment' Art 116' The cost of repatriating prisoners of $ar or of transporting them to a neutral countr! shall be borne, from the frontiers of the Detaining Po$er, b! the Po$er on $hich the said prisoners depend' Art 11"' <o repatriated person ma! be emplo!ed on active militar! service' ;ection &&' 2elease and 2epatriation of Prisoners of #ar at the Close of (ostilities Art 119' Prisoners of $ar shall be released and repatriated $ithout dela! after the cessation of active hostilities' &n the absence of stipulations to the above effect in an! agreement concluded bet$een the Parties to the conflict $ith a vie$ to the cessation of hostilities, or failing an! such agreement, each of the Detaining Po$ers shall itself establish and e.ecute $ithout dela! a plan of repatriation in conformit! $ith the principle laid do$n in the foregoing paragraph' &n either case, the measures adopted shall be brought to the )no$ledge of the prisoners of $ar' The costs of repatriation of prisoners of $ar shall in all cases be e8uitabl! apportioned bet$een the Detaining Po$er and the Po$er on $hich the prisoners depend' This apportionment shall be carried out on the follo$ing basis% ,a- &f the t$o Po$ers are contiguous, the Po$er on $hich the prisoners of $ar depend shall bear the costs of repatriation from the frontiers of the Detaining Po$er' ,b- &f the t$o Po$ers are not contiguous, the Detaining Po$er shall bear the costs of transport of prisoners of $ar over its o$n territor! as far as its frontier or its port of embar)ation nearest to the territor! of the Po$er on $hich the prisoners of $ar depend' The Parties concerned shall agree bet$een themselves as to the e8uitable apportionment of the remaining costs of the repatriation' The conclusion of this agreement shall in no circumstances 1ustif! an! dela! in the repatriation of the prisoners of $ar' Art 119' 2epatriation shall be effected in conditions similar to those laid do$n in Articles 46 to 49 inclusive of the present Convention for the transfer of prisoners of $ar, having regard to the

provisions of Article 119 and to those of the follo$ing paragraphs' An repatriation, an! articles of value impounded from prisoners of $ar under Article 19, and an! foreign currenc! $hich has not been converted into the currenc! of the Detaining Po$er, shall be restored to them' Articles of value and foreign currenc! $hich, for an! reason $hatever, are not restored to prisoners of $ar on repatriation, shall be despatched to the &nformation 7ureau set up under Article 122' Prisoners of $ar shall be allo$ed to ta)e $ith them their personal effects, and an! correspondence and parcels $hich have arrived for them' The $eight of such baggage ma! be limited, if the conditions of repatriation so re8uire, to $hat each prisoner can reasonabl! carr!' ?ach prisoner shall in all cases be authori*ed to carr! at least t$ent!/five )ilograms' The other personal effects of the repatriated prisoner shall be left in the charge of the Detaining Po$er $hich shall have them for$arded to him as soon as it has concluded an agreement to this effect, regulating the conditions of transport and the pa!ment of the costs involved, $ith the Po$er on $hich the prisoner depends' Prisoners of $ar against $hom criminal proceedings for an indictable offence are pending ma! be detained until the end of such proceedings, and, if necessar!, until the completion of the punishment' The same shall appl! to prisoners of $ar alread! convicted for an indictable offence' Parties to the conflict shall communicate to each other the names of an! prisoners of $ar $ho are detained until the end of the proceedings or until punishment has been completed' 7! agreement bet$een the Parties to the conflict, commissions shall be established for the purpose of searching for dispersed prisoners of $ar and of assuring their repatriation $ith the least possible dela!' ;ection &&&' Death of Prisoners of #ar Art 12:' #ills of prisoners of $ar shall be dra$n up so as to satisf! the conditions of validit! re8uired b! the legislation of their countr! of origin, $hich $ill ta)e steps to inform the Detaining Po$er of its re8uirements in this respect' At the re8uest of the prisoner of $ar and, in all cases, after death, the $ill shall be transmitted $ithout dela! to the Protecting Po$er0 a certified cop! shall be sent to the Central Agenc!' Death certificates, in the form anne.ed to the present Convention, or lists certified b! a responsible officer, of all persons $ho die as prisoners of $ar shall be for$arded as rapidl! as possible to the Prisoner of #ar &nformation 7ureau established in accordance $ith Article 122' The death certificates or certified lists shall sho$ particulars of identit! as set out in the third paragraph of Article 1", and also the date and place of death, the cause of death, the date and place of burial and all particulars necessar! to identif! the graves' The burial or cremation of a prisoner of $ar shall be preceded b! a medical e.amination of the bod! $ith a vie$ to confirming death and enabling a report to be made and, $here necessar!, establishing identit!'

The detaining authorities shall ensure that prisoners of $ar $ho have died in captivit! are honourabl! buried, if possible according to the rites of the religion to $hich the! belonged, and that their graves are respected, suitabl! maintained and mar)ed so as to be found at an! time' #herever possible, deceased prisoners of $ar $ho depended on the same Po$er shall be interred in the same place' Deceased prisoners of $ar shall be buried in individual graves unless unavoidable circumstances re8uire the use of collective graves' 7odies ma! be cremated onl! for imperative reasons of h!giene, on account of the religion of the deceased or in accordance $ith his e.press $ish to this effect' &n case of cremation, the fact shall be stated and the reasons given in the death certificate of the deceased' &n order that graves ma! al$a!s be found, all particulars of burials and graves shall be recorded $ith a Graves 2egistration ;ervice established b! the Detaining Po$er' >ists of graves and particulars of the prisoners of $ar interred in cemeteries and else$here shall be transmitted to the Po$er on $hich such prisoners of $ar depended' 2esponsibilit! for the care of these graves and for records of an! subse8uent moves of the bodies shall rest on the Po$er controlling the territor!, if a Part! to the present Convention' These provisions shall also appl! to the ashes, $hich shall be )ept b! the Graves 2egistration ;ervice until proper disposal thereof in accordance $ith the $ishes of the home countr!' Art 121' ?ver! death or serious in1ur! of a prisoner of $ar caused or suspected to have been caused b! a sentr!, another prisoner of $ar, or an! other person, as $ell as an! death the cause of $hich is un)no$n, shall be immediatel! follo$ed b! an official en8uir! b! the Detaining Po$er' A communication on this sub1ect shall be sent immediatel! to the Protecting Po$er' ;tatements shall be ta)en from $itnesses, especiall! from those $ho are prisoners of $ar, and a report including such statements shall be for$arded to the Protecting Po$er' &f the en8uir! indicates the guilt of one or more persons, the Detaining Po$er shall ta)e all measures for the prosecution of the person or persons responsible' PA2T D' &nformation 7ureau. and 2elief ;ocieties for Prisoners of #ar Art 122' Bpon the outbrea) of a conflict and in all cases of occupation, each of the Parties to the conflict shall institute an official &nformation 7ureau for prisoners of $ar $ho are in its po$er' <eutral or non/belligerent Po$ers $ho ma! have received $ithin their territor! persons belonging to one of the categories referred to in Article 4, shall ta)e the same action $ith respect to such persons' The Po$er concerned shall ensure that the Prisoners of #ar &nformation 7ureau is provided $ith the necessar! accommodation, e8uipment and staff to ensure its efficient $or)ing' &t shall be at libert! to emplo! prisoners of $ar in such a 7ureau under the conditions laid do$n in the ;ection of the present Convention dealing $ith $or) b! prisoners of $ar' #ithin the shortest possible period, each of the Parties to the conflict shall give its 7ureau the information referred to in the fourth, fifth and si.th paragraphs of this Article regarding an! enem! person belonging to one of the categories referred to in Article 4, $ho has fallen into its po$er' <eutral or non/belligerent Po$ers shall ta)e the same action $ith regard to persons belonging to such categories $hom the! have received $ithin their territor!'

The 7ureau shall immediatel! for$ard such information b! the most rapid means to the Po$ers concerned, through the intermediar! of the Protecting Po$ers and li)e$ise of the Central Agenc! provided for in Article 12+' This information shall ma)e it possible 8uic)l! to advise the ne.t of )in concerned' ;ub1ect to the provisions of Article 1", the information shall include, in so far as available to the &nformation 7ureau, in respect of each prisoner of $ar, his surname, first names, ran), arm!, regimental, personal or serial number, place and full date of birth, indication of the Po$er on $hich he depends, first name of the father and maiden name of the mother, name and address of the person to be informed and the address to $hich correspondence for the prisoner ma! be sent' The &nformation 7ureau shall receive from the various departments concerned information regarding transfers, releases, repatriations, escapes, admissions to hospital, and deaths, and shall transmit such information in the manner described in the third paragraph above' >i)e$ise, information regarding the state of health of prisoners of $ar $ho are seriousl! ill or seriousl! $ounded shall be supplied regularl!, ever! $ee) if possible' The &nformation 7ureau shall also be responsible for repl!ing to all en8uiries sent to it concerning prisoners of $ar, including those $ho have died in captivit!0 it $ill ma)e an! en8uiries necessar! to obtain the information $hich is as)ed for if this is not in its possession' All $ritten communications made b! the 7ureau shall be authenticated b! a signature or a seal' The &nformation 7ureau shall furthermore be charged $ith collecting all personal valuables, including sums in currencies other than that of the Detaining Po$er and documents of importance to the ne.t of )in, left b! prisoners of $ar $ho have been repatriated or released, or $ho have escaped or died, and shall for$ard the said valuables to the Po$ers concerned' ;uch articles shall be sent b! the 7ureau in sealed pac)ets $hich shall be accompanied b! statements giving clear and full particulars of the identit! of the person to $hom the articles belonged, and b! a complete list of the contents of the parcel' Ather personal effects of such prisoners of $ar shall be transmitted under arrangements agreed upon bet$een the Parties to the conflict concerned' Art 12+' A Central Prisoners of #ar &nformation Agenc! shall be created in a neutral countr!' The &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross shall, if it deems necessar!, propose to the Po$ers concerned the organi*ation of such an Agenc!' The function of the Agenc! shall be to collect all the information it ma! obtain through official or private channels respecting prisoners of $ar, and to transmit it as rapidl! as possible to the countr! of origin of the prisoners of $ar or to the Po$er on $hich the! depend' &t shall receive from the Parties to the conflict all facilities for effecting such transmissions' The (igh Contracting Parties, and in particular those $hose nationals benefit b! the services of the Central Agenc!, are re8uested to give the said Agenc! the financial aid it ma! re8uire' The foregoing provisions shall in no $a! be interpreted as restricting the humanitarian activities of the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, or of the relief societies provided for in Article 125'

Art 124' The national &nformation 7ureau. and the Central &nformation Agenc! shall en1o! free postage for mail, li)e$ise all the e.emptions provided for in Article "4, and further, so far as possible, e.emption from telegraphic charges or, at least, greatl! reduced rates' Art 125' ;ub1ect to the measures $hich the Detaining Po$ers ma! consider essential to ensure their securit! or to meet an! other reasonable need, the representatives of religious organi*ations, relief societies, or an! other organi*ation assisting prisoners of $ar, shall receive from the said Po$ers, for themselves and their dul! accredited agents, all necessar! facilities for visiting the prisoners, for distributing relief supplies and material, from an! source, intended for religious, educational or recreative purposes, and for assisting them in organi*ing their leisure time $ithin the camps' ;uch societies or organi*ations ma! be constituted in the territor! of the Detaining Po$er or in an! other countr!, or the! ma! have an international character' The Detaining Po$er ma! limit the number of societies and organi*ations $hose delegates are allo$ed to carr! out their activities in its territor! and under its supervision, on condition, ho$ever, that such limitation shall not hinder the effective operation of ade8uate relief to all prisoners of $ar' The special position of the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross in this field shall be recogni*ed and respected at all times' As soon as relief supplies or material intended for the above/mentioned purposes are handed over to prisoners of $ar, or ver! shortl! after$ards, receipts for each consignment, signed b! the prisoners@ representative, shall be for$arded to the relief societ! or organi*ation ma)ing the shipment' At the same time, receipts for these consignments shall be supplied b! the administrative authorities responsible for guarding the prisoners' Part D&' ?.ecution of the Convention ;ection &' General Provisions Art 126' 2epresentatives or delegates of the Protecting Po$ers shall have permission to go to all places $here prisoners of $ar ma! be, particularl! to places of internment, imprisonment and labour, and shall have access to all premises occupied b! prisoners of $ar0 the! shall also be allo$ed to go to the places of departure, passage and arrival of prisoners $ho are being transferred' The! shall be able to intervie$ the prisoners, and in particular the prisoners@ representatives, $ithout $itnesses, either personall! or through an interpreter' 2epresentatives and delegates of the Protecting Po$ers shall have full libert! to select the places the! $ish to visit' The duration and fre8uenc! of these visits shall not be restricted' Disits ma! not be prohibited e.cept for reasons of imperative militar! necessit!, and then onl! as an e.ceptional and temporar! measure' The Detaining Po$er and the Po$er on $hich the said prisoners of $ar depend ma! agree, if necessar!, that compatriots of these prisoners of $ar be permitted to participate in the visits' The delegates of the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross shall en1o! the same prerogatives' The appointment of such delegates shall be submitted to the approval of the Po$er detaining the

prisoners of $ar to be visited' Art 12"' The (igh Contracting Parties underta)e, in time of peace as in time of $ar, to disseminate the te.t of the present Convention as $idel! as possible in their respective countries, and, in particular, to include the stud! thereof in their programmes of militar! and, if possible, civil instruction, so that the principles thereof ma! become )no$n to all their armed forces and to the entire population' An! militar! or other authorities, $ho in time of $ar assume responsibilities in respect of prisoners of $ar, must possess the te.t of the Convention and be speciall! instructed as to its provisions' Art 129' The (igh Contracting Parties shall communicate to one another through the ;$iss =ederal Council and, during hostilities, through the Protecting Po$ers, the official translations of the present Convention, as $ell as the la$s and regulations $hich the! ma! adopt to ensure the application thereof' Art 129' The (igh Contracting Parties underta)e to enact an! legislation necessar! to provide effective penal sanctions for persons committing, or ordering to be committed, an! of the grave breaches of the present Convention defined in the follo$ing Article' ?ach (igh Contracting Part! shall be under the obligation to search for persons alleged to have committed' or to have ordered to be committed, such grave breaches, and shall bring such persons, regardless of their nationalit!, before its o$n courts' &t ma! also, if it prefers, and in accordance $ith the provisions of its o$n legislation, hand such persons over for trial to another (igh Contracting Part! concerned, provided such (igh Contracting Part! has made out a prima facie case' ?ach (igh Contracting Part! shall ta)e measures necessar! for the suppression of all acts contrar! to the provisions of the present Convention other than the grave breaches defined in the follo$ing Article' &n all circumstances, the accused persons shall benefit b! safeguards of proper trial and defence, $hich shall not be less favourable than those provided b! Article 1:5 and those follo$ing of the present Convention' Art 1+:' Grave breaches to $hich the preceding Article relates shall be those involving an! of the follo$ing acts, if committed against persons or propert! protected b! the Convention% $ilful )illing, torture or inhuman treatment, including biological e.periments, $ilfull! causing great suffering or serious in1ur! to bod! or health, compelling a prisoner of $ar to serve in the forces of the hostile Po$er, or $ilfull! depriving a prisoner of $ar of the rights of fair and regular trial prescribed in this Convention' Art 1+1' <o (igh Contracting Part! shall be allo$ed to absolve itself or an! other (igh Contracting Part! of an! liabilit! incurred b! itself or b! another (igh Contracting Part! in respect of breaches referred to in the preceding Article' Art 1+2' At the re8uest of a Part! to the conflict, an en8uir! shall be instituted, in a manner to be decided bet$een the interested Parties, concerning an! alleged violation of the Convention'

&f agreement has not been reached concerning the procedure for the en8uir!, the Parties should agree on the choice of an umpire $ho $ill decide upon the procedure to be follo$ed' Ance the violation has been established, the Parties to the conflict shall put an end to it and shall repress it $ith the least possible dela!' ;ection &&' =inal Provisions Art 1++' The present Convention is established in ?nglish and in =rench' 7oth te.ts are e8uall! authentic' The ;$iss =ederal Council shall arrange for official translations of the Convention to be made in the 2ussian and ;panish languages' Art 1+4' The present Convention replaces the Convention of ul! 2", 1929, in relations bet$een the (igh Contracting Parties' Art 1+5' &n the relations bet$een the Po$ers $hich are bound b! the (ague Convention respecting the >a$s and Customs of #ar on >and, $hether that of ul! 29, 1999, or that of Actober 19, 19:", and $hich are parties to the present Convention, this last Convention shall be complementar! to Chapter && of the 2egulations anne.ed to th above/mentioned Conventions of the (ague' Art 1+6' The present Convention, $hich bears the date of this da!, is open to signature until =ebruar! 12, 195:, in the name of the Po$ers represented at the Conference $hich opened at Geneva on April 21, 19490 furthermore, b! Po$ers not represented at that Conference, but $hich are parties to the Convention of ul! 2", 1929' Art 1+"' The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible and the ratifications shall be deposited at 7erne' A record shall be dra$n up of the deposit of each instrument of ratification and certified copies of this record shall be transmitted b! the ;$iss =ederal Council to all the Po$ers in $hose name the Convention has been signed, or $hose accession has been notified' Art 1+9' The present Convention shall come into force si. months after not less than t$o instruments of ratification have been deposited' Thereafter, it shall come into force for each (igh Contracting Part! si. months after the deposit of the instrument of ratification' Art 1+9' =rom the date of its coming into force, it shall be open to an! Po$er in $hose name the present Convention has not been signed, to accede to this Convention' Art 14:' Accessions shall be notified in $riting to the ;$iss =ederal Council, and shall ta)e effect si. months after the date on $hich the! are received'

The ;$iss =ederal Council shall communicate the accessions to all the Po$ers in $hose name the Convention has been signed, or $hose accession has been notified' Art 141' The situations provided for in Articles 2 and + shall give immediate effect to ratifications deposited and accessions notified b! the Parties to the conflict before or after the beginning of hostilities or occupation' The ;$iss =ederal Council shall communicate b! the 8uic)est method an! ratifications or accessions received from Parties to the conflict' Art 142' ?ach of the (igh Contracting Parties shall be at libert! to denounce the present Convention' The denunciation shall be notified in $riting to the ;$iss =ederal Council, $hich shall transmit it to the Governments of all the (igh Contracting Parties' The denunciation shall ta)e effect one !ear after the notification thereof has been made to the ;$iss =ederal Council' (o$ever, a denunciation of $hich notification has been made at a time $hen the denouncing Po$er is involved in a conflict shall not ta)e effect until peace has been concluded, and until after operations connected $ith release and repatriation of the persons protected b! the present Convention have been terminated' The denunciation shall have effect onl! in respect of the denouncing Po$er' &t shall in no $a! impair the obligations $hich the Parties to the conflict shall remain bound to fulfil b! virtue of the principles of the la$ of nations, as the! result from the usages established among civili*ed peoples, from the la$s of humanit! and the dictates of the public conscience' Art 14+' The ;$iss =ederal Council shall register the present Convention $ith the ;ecretariat of the Bnited <ations' The ;$iss =ederal Council shall also inform the ;ecretariat of the Bnited <ations of all ratifications, accessions and denunciations received b! it $ith respect to the present Convention' &< #&T<?;; #(?2?A= the undersigned, having deposited their respective full po$ers, have signed the present Convention' DA<? at Geneva this t$elfth da! of August 1949, in the ?nglish and =rench languages' The original shall be deposited in the Archives of the ;$iss Confederation' The ;$iss =ederal Council shall transmit certified copies thereof to each of the signator! and acceding ;tates'

Anne. &' 3odel Agreement Concerning Direct 2epatriation and Accommodation in <eutral Countries of #ounded and ;ic) Prisoners of #ar',see Art 11:'&' Principles for Direct 2epatriation and Accommodation in <eutral Countries A' D&2?CT 2?PAT2&AT&A< The follo$ing shall be repatriated direct% ,1- All prisoners of $ar suffering from the follo$ing disabilities as the result of trauma% loss of a

limb, paral!sis, articular or other disabilities, $hen this disabilit! is at least the loss of a hand or a foot, or the e8uivalent of the loss of a hand or a foot' #ithout pre1udice to a more generous interpretation, the follo$ing shall be considered as e8uivalent to the loss of a hand or a foot% ,a- >oss of a hand or of all the fingers, or of the thumb and forefinger of one hand0 loss of a foot, or of all the toes and metatarsals of one foot' ,b- An)!losis, loss of osseous tissue, cicatricial contracture preventing the functioning of one of the large articulations or of all the digital 1oints of one hand' ,c- Pseudarthrosis of the long bones' ,d- Deformities due to fracture or other in1ur! $hich seriousl! interfere $ith function and $eight/ bearing po$er' ,2- All $ounded prisoners of $ar $hose condition has become chronic, to the e.tent that prognosis appears to e.clude recover!//in spite of treatment//$ithin one !ear from the date of the in1ur!, as, for e.ample, in case of% ,a- Pro1ectile in the heart, even if the 3i.ed 3edical Commission should fail, at the time of their e.amination, to detect an! serious disorders' ,b- 3etallic splinter in the brain or the lungs, even if the 3i.ed 3edical Commission cannot, at the time of e.amination, detect an! local or general reaction' ,c- Asteom!elitis, $hen recover! cannot be foreseen in the course of the !ear follo$ing the in1ur!, and $hich seems li)el! to result in an)!losis of a 1oint, or other impairments e8uivalent to the loss of a hand or a foot' ,d- Perforating and suppurating in1ur! to the large 1oints' ,e- &n1ur! to the s)ull, $ith loss or shifting of bon! tissue' ,f- &n1ur! or burning of the face $ith loss of tissue and functional lesions' ,g- &n1ur! to the spinal cord' ,h- >esion of the peripheral nerves, the se8uelae of $hich are e8uivalent to the loss of a hand or foot, and the cure of $hich re8uires more than a !ear from the date of in1ur!, for'e.ample% in1ur! to the brachial or lumbosacral ple.us median or sciatic nerves, li)e$ise combined in1ur! to the radial and cubital nerves or to the lateral popliteal nerve ,<' peroneous communis- and medial popliteal nerve ,<' tibialis-0 etc' The separate in1ur! of the radial ,musculo/spiral-, cubital, lateral or medial popliteal nerves shall not, ho$ever, $arrant repatriation e.cept in case of contractures or of serious neurotrophic disturbance' ,i- &n1ur! to the urinar! s!stem, $ith incapacitating results' ,+- All sic) prisoners of $ar $hose condition has become chronic to the e.tent that prognosis seems to e.clude recover!//in, spite of treatment// $ithin one !ear from the inception of the disease, as, for e.ample, in case of% ,a- Progressive tuberculosis of an! organ $hich, according to medical prognosis, cannot be cured or at least considerabl! improved b! treatment in a neutral countr!' ,b- ?.udate pleuris!' ,c- ;erious diseases of the respirator! organs of non/tubercular etiolog!, presumed incurable, for e.ample% serious pulmonar! emph!sema, $ith or $ithout bronchitis0 chronic asthma E0 chronic

bronchitis E lasting more than one !ear in captivit!0 bronchiectasis E0 etc' ,d- ;erious chronic affections of the circulator! s!stem, for e.ample% valvular lesions and m!ocarditis E, $hich have sho$n signs of circulator! failure during captivit!, even though the 3i.ed 3edical Commission cannot detect an! such signs at the time of e.amination0 affections of the pericardium and the vessels ,7uerger@s disease, aneurisms of the large vessels-0 etc' ,e- ;erious chronic affections of the digestive organs, for e.ample% gastric or duodenal ulcer0 se8uelae of gastric operations performed in captivit!0 chronic gastritis, enteritis or colitis, having lasted more than one !ear and seriousl! affecting the general condition0 cirrhosis of the liver0 chronic cholec!stopath! E0 etc' ,f- ;erious chronic affections of the genito/urinar! organs, for e.ample% chronic diseases of the )idne! $ith conse8uent disorders0 nephrectom! because of a tubercular )idne!0 chronic p!elitis or chronic c!stitis0 h!dronephrosis or p!onephrosis0 chronic grave g!naecological conditions0 normal pregnanc! and obstetrical disorder, $here it is impossible to accommodate in a neutral countr!0 etc' ,g- ;erious chronic diseases of the central and peripheral nervous s!stem, for e.ample% all obvious ps!choses and ps!choneuroses, such as serious h!steria, serious captivit! ps!choneurosis, etc', dul! verified b! a specialist E0 an! epileps! dul! verified b! the camp ph!sician E0 cerebral arteriosclerosis0 chronic neuritis lasting more than one !ear0 etc' ,h- ;erious chronic diseases of the neuro/vegetative s!stem, $ith considerable diminution of mental or ph!sical fitness, noticeable loss of $eight and general asthenia' ,i- 7lindness of both e!es, or of one e!e $hen the vision of the other is less than 1 in spite of the use of corrective glasses0 diminution of visual acuit! in cases $here it is impossible to restore it b! correction to an acuit! of 1F2 in at least one e!e E0 other grave ocular affections, for e.ample% glaucoma, iritis, choroiditis0 trachoma0 etc' ,)- Auditive disorders, such as total unilateral deafness, if the other ear does not discern the ordinar! spo)en $ord at a distance of one metre E0 etc' ,l- ;erious affections of metabolism, for e.ample% diabetes mellitus re8uiring insulin treatment0 etc' ,m- ;erious disorders of the endocrine glands, for e.ample% th!roto.icosis0 h!poth!rosis0 Addison@s disease0 ;immonds@ cache.ia0 tetan!0 etc' ,n- Grave and chronic disorders of the blood/forming organs' ,o- ;erious cases of chronic into.ication, for e.ample% lead poisoning, mercur! poisoning, morphinism, cocainism, alcoholism0 gas or radiation poisoning0 etc' ,p- Chronic affections of locomotion, $ith obvious functional disorders, for e.ample% arthritis deformans0 primar! and secondar! progressive chronic pol!arthritis0 rheumatism $ith serious clinical s!mptoms0 etc' ,8- ;erious chronic s)in diseases, not amenable to treatment' ,r- An! malignant gro$th' ,s- ;erious chronic infectious diseases, persisting for one !ear after their inception, for e.ample% malaria $ith decided organic impairment, amoebic or bacillar! d!senter! $ith grave disorders0 tertiar! visceral s!philis resistant to treatment0 lepros!0 etc' ,t- ;erious avitaminosis or serious inanition' 4<AT?G E The decision of the 3i.ed 3edical Commission shall be based to a great e.tent on the records )ept b! camp ph!sicians and surgeons of the same nationalit! as the prisoners of $ar, or on an e.amination b! medical specialists of the Detaining Po$er' 7' ACCA33ADAT&A< &< <?BT2A> CAB<T2&?;

The follo$ing shall be eligible for accommodation in a neutral countr!% ,1- All $ounded prisoners of $ar $ho are not li)el! to recover in captivit!, but $ho might be cured or $hose condition might be considerabl! improved b! accommodation in a neutral countr!' ,2- Prisoners of $ar suffering from an! form of tuberculosis, of $hatever organ, and $hose treatment in a neutral countr! $ould be li)el! to lead to recover! or at least to considerable improvement, $ith the e.ception of primar! tuberculosis cured before captivit!' ,+- Prisoners of $ar suffering from affections re8uiring treatment of the respirator!, circulator!, digestive, nervous, sensor!, genito/urinar!, cutaneous , locomotive organs, etc., if such treatment
would clearly have better results in a neutral c untry than in captivity. %*& Prisoners of war who have undergone a nephrectomy in captivit! for a non/tubercular renal

affection0 cases of osteom!elitis, on the $a! to recover! or latent0 diabetes mellitus not re8uiring insulin treatment0 etc' ,5- Prisoners of $ar suffering from $ar or captivit! neuroses' Cases of captivit! neurosis $hich are not cured after three months of accommodation in a neutral countr!, or $hich after that length of time are not clearl! on the $a! to complete cure, shall be repatriated' ,6- All prisoners of $ar suffering from chronic into.ication ,gases, metals, al)aloids, etc'-, for $hom the prospects of cure in a neutral countr! are especiall! favourable' ,"- All $omen prisoners of $ar $ho are pregnant or mothers $ith infants and small children' The follo$ing cases shall not be eligible for accommodation in a neutral countr!% ,1- All dul! verified chronic ps!choses' ,2- All organic or functional nervous affections considered to be incurable' ,+- All contagious diseases during the period in $hich the! are transmissible, $ith the e.ception of tuberculosis' &&' General Abservations ,1- The conditions given shall, in a general $a!, be interpreted and applied in as broad a spirit as possible' <europathic and ps!chopathic conditions caused b! $ar or captivit!, as $ell as cases of tuberculosis in all stages, shall above all benefit b! such liberal interpretation' Prisoners of $ar $ho have sustained several $ounds, none of $hich, considered b! itself, 1ustifies repatriation, shall be e.amined in the same spirit, $ith due regard for the ps!chic traumatism due to the number of their $ounds' ,2- All un8uestionable cases giving the right to direct repatriation ,amputation, total blindness or deafness, open pulmonar! tuberculosis, mental disorder, malignant gro$th, etc'- shall be e.amined and repatriated as soon as possible b! the camp ph!sicians or b! militar! medical commissions appointed b! the Detaining Po$er' ,+- &n1uries and diseases $hich e.isted before the $ar and $hich have not become $orse,

as $ell as $ar in1uries $hich have not prevented subse8uent militar! service, shall not entitle to direct repatriation' ,4- The provisions of this Anne. shall be interpreted and applied in a similar manner in all countries part! to the conflict' The Po$ers and authorities concerned shall grant to 3i.ed 3edical Commissions all the facilities necessar! for the accomplishment of their tas)' ,5- The e.amples 8uoted under ,1- above represent onl! t!pical cases' Cases $hich do not correspond e.actl! to these provisions shall be 1udged in the spirit of the provisions of Article 11: of the present Convention, and of the principles embodied in the present Agreement' Anne. &&' 2egulations Concerning 3i.ed 3edical Commissions ,see Art 112'Art 1' The 3i.ed 3edical Commissions provided for in Article 112 of the Convention shall be composed of three members, t$o of $hom shall belong to a neutral countr!, the third being appointed b! the Detaining Po$er' Ane of the neutral members shall ta)e the chair' Art 2' The t$o neutral members shall be appointed b! the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, acting in agreement $ith the Protecting Po$er, at the re8uest of the Detaining Po$er' The! ma! be domiciled either in their countr! of origin, in an! other neutral countr!, or in the territor! of the Detaining Po$er' Art +' The neutral members shall be approved b! the Parties to the conflict concerned, $ho shall notif! their approval to the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross and to the Protecting Po$er' Bpon such notification, the neutral members shall be considered as effectivel! appointed' Art 4' Deput! members shall also be appointed in sufficient number to replace the regular members in case of need' The! shall be appointed at the same time as the regular members or, at least, as soon as possible' Art 5' &f for an! reason the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross cannot arrange for the appointment of the neutral members, this shall be done b! the Po$er protecting the interests of the prisoners of $ar to be e.amined' Art 6' ;o far as possible, one of the t$o neutral members shall be a surgeon and the other a ph!sician' Art "' The neutral members shall be entirel! independent of the Parties to the conflict, $hich shall grant them all facilities in the accomplishment of their duties' Art 9' 7! agreement $ith the Detaining Po$er, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, $hen ma)ing the appointments provided for in Articles 2 and 4 of the present 2egulations, shall settle the terms of service of the nominees' Art 9' The 3i.ed 3edical Commissions shall begin their $or) as soon as possible after the neutral members have been approved, and in an! case $ithin a period of three months from the date of such approval' Art 1:' The 3i.ed 3edical Commissions shall e.amine all the prisoners designated in Article 11+ of the Convention' The! shall propose repatriation, re1ection, or reference to a later e.amination' Their decisions shall be made b! a ma1orit! vote'

Art 11' The decisions made b! the 3i.ed 3edical Commissions in each specific case shall be communicated, during the month follo$ing their visit, to the Detaining Po$er, the Protecting Po$er and the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross' The 3i.ed 3edical Commissions shall also inform each prisoner of $ar e.amined of the decision made, and shall issue to those $hose repatriation has been proposed, certificates similar to the model appended to the present Convention' Art 12' The Detaining Po$er shall be re8uired to carr! out the decisions of the 3i.ed 3edical Commissions $ithin three months of the time $hen it receives due notification of such decisions' Art 1+' &f there is no neutral ph!sician in a countr! $here the services of a 3i.ed 3edical Commission seem to be re8uired, and if it is for an! reason impossible to appoint neutral doctors $ho are resident in another countr!, the Detaining Po$er, acting in agreement $ith the Protecting Po$er, shall set up a 3edical Commission $hich shall underta)e the same duties as a 3i.ed 3edical Commission, sub1ect to the provisions of Articles 1, 2, +, 4, 5 and 9 of the present 2egulations' Art 14' 3i.ed 3edical Commissions shall function permanentl! and shall visit each camp at intervals of not more than si. months' Anne. &&&' 2egulations Concerning Collective 2elief ,;ee Art "+'Art 1' Prisoners@ representatives shall be allo$ed to distribute collective relief shipments for $hich the! are responsible, to all prisoners of $ar administered b! their camp, including those $ho are in hospitals, or in prisons or other penal establishments' Art 2' The distribution of collective relief shipments shall be effected in accordance $ith the instructions of the donors and $ith a plan dra$n up b! the prisoners@ representatives' The issue of medical stores shall, ho$ever, be made for preference in agreement $ith the senior medical officers, and the latter ma!, in hospitals and infirmaries, $aive the said instructions, if the needs of their patients so demand' #ithin the limits thus defined, the distribution shall al$a!s be carried out e8uitabl!' Art +' The said prisoners@ representatives or their assistants shall be allo$ed to go to the points of arrival of relief supplies near their camps, so as to enable the prisoners@ representatives or their assistants to verif! the 8ualit! as $ell as the 8uantit! of the goods received, and to ma)e out detailed reports thereon for the donors' Art 4' Prisoners@ representatives shall be given the facilities necessar! for verif!ing $hether the distribution of collective relief in all subdivisions and anne.es of their camps has been carried out in accordance $ith their instructions' Art 5' Prisoners@ representatives shall be allo$ed to fill up, and cause to be filled up b! the prisoners@ representatives of labour detachments or b! the senior medical officers of infirmaries and hospitals, forms or 8uestionnaires intended for the donors, relating to collective relief supplies ,distribution, re8uirements, 8uantities, etc'-' ;uch forms and 8uestionnaires, dul! completed, shall be for$arded to the donors $ithout dela!' Art 6' &n order to secure the regular issue of collective relief to the prisoners of $ar in their camp, and to meet an! needs that ma! arise from the arrival of ne$ contingents of prisoners, prisoners@ representatives shall be allo$ed to build up and maintain ade8uate reserve stoc)s of collective relief' =or this purpose, the! shall have suitable $arehouses at their disposal0 each $arehouse shall be provided $ith t$o loc)s, the prisoners@

representative holding the )e!s of one loc) and the camp commander the )e!s of the other' Art "' #hen collective consignments of clothing are available, each prisoner of $ar shall retain in his possession at least one complete set of clothes' &f a prisoner has more than one set of clothes, the prisoners@ representative shall be permitted to $ithdra$ e.cess clothing from those $ith the largest number of sets, or particular articles in e.cess of one, if this is necessar! in order to suppl! prisoners $ho are less $ell provided' (e shall not, ho$ever, $ithdra$ second sets of underclothing, soc)s or foot$ear, unless this is the onl! means of providing for prisoners of $ar $ith none' Art 9' The (igh Contracting Parties, and the Detaining Po$ers in particular, shall authori*e, as far as possible and sub1ect to the regulations governing the suppl! of the population, all purchases of goods made in their territories for the distribution of collective relief to prisoners of $ar' The! shall similarl! facilitate the transfer of funds and other financial measures of a technical or administrative nature ta)en for the purpose of ma)ing such purchases' Art 9' The foregoing provisions shall not constitute an obstacle to the right of prisoners of $ar to receive collective relief before their arrival in a camp or in the course of transfer, nor to the possibilit! of representatives of the Protecting Po$er, the &nternational Committee of the 2ed Cross, or an! other bod! giving assistance to prisoners $hich ma! be responsible for the for$arding of such supplies, ensuring the distribution thereof to the addressees b! an! other means that the! ma! deem useful'

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