Spelling Rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs 1.

Add –ed to the base form of most verbs start finish wash 2. started finished washed

Add only –d when the base form ends in an e. live care die lived cared died

3.

If the verb ends in a consonant + y, change the y to i and add –ed dry carry spy dried carried spied

4.

If the verb ends in a vowel + y, do not change the y. Just add –ed pray stay destroy prayed stayed destroyed

5.

If the verb has one syllable and ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), double the final consonant and add –ed. stop rob beg stopped robbed begged

6.

Do not double final w or x. sew mix sewed mixed

7.

If the verb has two syllables, and the final syllable is stressed, double the final consonant. ad mit’ oc cur’ per mit’ admitted occurred permitted

8.

If the verb has two syllables, and the final syllable is not stressed, do not double the final consonant. hap’ pen lis’ ten o’ pen happened listened opened

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