Es probable que el procedimiento más difundido y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones a

al problema de valor inicial y’ = f(x, y), si se conoce que y(x0) = y0 , sea el Método de Runge-Kutt
orden. Para obtener un nuevo valor de y se usa la siguiente:
Fórmula del Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.

y n1 = y n 
Donde:

1
 k 1 2k 2 2k 3  k 4 
6

k 1 =hf  x n , y n 

1
1
h , y n k 1 
2
2
1
1
k 3 =hf  x n  h , y n  k 2 
2
2
k 4 =hf  x n h , y n k 3 
k 2 =hf  x n 

sea el Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto a siguiente: de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones aproximadas noce que y(x0) = y0 . .

380574 1.620412 0.237755 0.146422 0.49034296 a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.000000 1.400539 0.300000 1.050000 Y 1.552706 1.5) = 3.611633 k1 0.365637 0.372647 0.500000 3.476429 k3 0.442518 0.233674 1.158766 0.993714 2.49033382 y(1.731257 k2 0.135705 0.147025 0.125356 0.200000 1.863406 k3 0.500000 3.107625 0.172296 0.434755 0.050000 1.282806 0.200000 1.281338 0.400000 1.011680 k1 0.238926 0.882567 1.552695 1.219382 0.5) = 3.234255 0.100000 1.450000 1.755053 1.202556 0.000000 1.259183 0.100000 0.436694 k2 0.398218 0.300000 1.350000 1.250000 1.307284 0.000000 1.334101 0.186325 0.271408 0.000000 0.49034296 .000000 1.231000 0.479359 1.400000 1.335944 0.125841 0.608274 0.000000 0.100000 Y 1.233678 1.000000 1.611692 3.201619 0.171545 0.100000 1.518359 0.276180 2.150000 1.49021064 y(1.107937 1.200000 0.108016 0.314957 0.000000 1.116333 0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial Solución particular: y(1) = 1 y' = 2xy a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.319965 0.993687 2.

518756 0.135716 0.436774 0.523656 REAL .271536 0.365697 0.116342 0.307330 0.731948 1.372873 0.048260 REAL k4 0.219408 0.k4 0.259217 0.158781 0.186344 0.

050000 1.008017 -0.000000 Solución general y= ln x c  x x y'= Solución particular: y= 1ln x x 1− x y 2 x h = 0.000000 y0 = 1.007476 -0.004535 -0.007762 -0.000000 -0.991097 0.006766 -0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 1.400000 1.014315 -0.500000 0.963040 0.003938 -0.017167 k2 -0.003140 -0.954623 k1 0.954623 0.995737 0.350000 1.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.000000 y'= 1− x y x2 h = 0.150000 1.000000 0.002213 -0.300000 1.008583 -0.006331 -0.008233 -0.004661 -0.005284 -0.000000 -0.500000 Y 1.000000 1.300000 1.005846 -0.100000 1.012661 -0.978515 0.985268 0.93697685 y(1.008933 y(1.400000 Y 1.007141 -0.010629 -0.985268 0.995737 0.450000 1.017682 1.015525 -0.100000 1.008424 -0.93697675 k1 0.007877 -0.998848 0.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.250000 1.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial x 2 y '  xy=1 a) Solución x0 = 1.971049 0.000000 0.200000 1.008836 k2 -0.008722 -0.001190 -0.016485 -0.000000 y0 = 1.971050 0.200000 1.5) = .000000 1.945906 0.

008720 -0.008583 -0.017664 k4 -0.016449 -0.007469 -0.008012 -0.007872 -0.003938 -0.005834 -0.017165 -0.004319 -0.002212 -0.001161 -0.ción particular: y(1) = 1 y= 1ln x x k3 -0.009010 0.004645 -0.007762 -0.018020 0.006757 -0.006330 -0.007140 -0.010509 -0.93697674 REAL .93697674 REAL k3 -0.008420 -0.003118 -0.005284 -0.008233 -0.008836 -0.012658 -0.015522 -0.014249 -0.008931 k4 -0.

026535 0.037609 1.000000 Solución general y= 3 x e 4  c ex Solución particular: 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x 4 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.050182 0.000000 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.100979 0.242528 y(1.000000 y0 = 1.003894 0.500000 1.016094 1.050000 0.100000 0.069580 1.242929 1.057172 0.000000 0.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 0.450000 Y 1.170519 1.000000 1.000000 1.442578 k1 0.350000 0.150000 0.031979 0.007898 0.198734 k2 0.100000 0.000000 0.500000 1.099367 0.016093 1.109812 0.033376 0.300000 0.5) = .000000 y0 = 1.075254 0.003881 1.250000 0.200000 0.080736 0.000000 0.120742 k2 0.162268 0.069578 1.332776 0.089846 0.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 0.400000 Y 1.57532090 y(1.000000 0.400000 0.016183 0.053553 0.012225 0.575330 k1 0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial y '  y=e 3x a) Solución x0 = 0.021528 0.128908 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 0.200000 0.332770 1.037627 0.016688 0.132745 0.113351 1.043782 0.170515 1.072421 0.064454 0.300000 0.

016693 0.015374 0.132445 k4 0.120755 0.240339 k4 0.160600 0.050190 0.026541 0.57532026 REAL k3 0.031843 0.033448 0.080746 0.145333 1.089618 0.052544 0.056997 0.57532026 REAL .037633 0.012116 0.043628 0.ción particular: y(0) = 1 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x ] 4 k3 0.290857 1.075348 0.021407 0.064463 0.109551 0.099693 0.099378 0.198900 0.072222 0.007902 0.129033 0.003797 0.

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