Es probable que el procedimiento más difundido y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones a

al problema de valor inicial y’ = f(x, y), si se conoce que y(x0) = y0 , sea el Método de Runge-Kutt
orden. Para obtener un nuevo valor de y se usa la siguiente:
Fórmula del Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.

y n1 = y n 
Donde:

1
 k 1 2k 2 2k 3  k 4 
6

k 1 =hf  x n , y n 

1
1
h , y n k 1 
2
2
1
1
k 3 =hf  x n  h , y n  k 2 
2
2
k 4 =hf  x n h , y n k 3 
k 2 =hf  x n 

y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones aproximadas noce que y(x0) = y0 . . sea el Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto a siguiente: de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.

050000 1.000000 0.882567 1.150000 1.307284 0.400000 1.219382 0.434755 0.334101 0.49021064 y(1.271408 0.552706 1.400539 0.200000 1.108016 0.107937 1.100000 1.125841 0.282806 0.147025 0.116333 0.993687 2.231000 0.731257 k2 0.238926 0.518359 0.552695 1.314957 0.436694 k2 0.050000 Y 1.233678 1.350000 1.259183 0.5) = 3.993714 2.250000 1.202556 0.611633 k1 0.755053 1.276180 2.000000 1.125356 0.400000 1.107625 0.49034296 a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.608274 0.398218 0.476429 k3 0.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.479359 1.49033382 y(1.000000 1.365637 0.611692 3.372647 0.186325 0.100000 Y 1.100000 0.442518 0.863406 k3 0.620412 0.201619 0.146422 0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial Solución particular: y(1) = 1 y' = 2xy a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.200000 0.234255 0.233674 1.335944 0.300000 1.450000 1.172296 0.000000 1.5) = 3.200000 1.49034296 .300000 1.000000 0.135705 0.011680 k1 0.319965 0.500000 3.500000 3.237755 0.171545 0.158766 0.380574 1.100000 1.281338 0.

307330 0.523656 REAL .k4 0.271536 0.219408 0.518756 0.436774 0.186344 0.372873 0.048260 REAL k4 0.116342 0.259217 0.731948 1.365697 0.158781 0.135716 0.

200000 1.000000 0.000000 y0 = 1.5) = .93697675 k1 0.000000 y0 = 1.008722 -0.007476 -0.000000 -0.945906 0.250000 1.001190 -0.007877 -0.008933 y(1.985268 0.971050 0.010629 -0.985268 0.007762 -0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 1.006331 -0.017167 k2 -0.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.006766 -0.012661 -0.995737 0.007141 -0.000000 0.450000 1.971049 0.500000 0.005284 -0.400000 Y 1.008583 -0.200000 1.954623 0.016485 -0.93697685 y(1.008836 k2 -0.150000 1.004661 -0.300000 1.005846 -0.017682 1.300000 1.000000 -0.003140 -0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial x 2 y '  xy=1 a) Solución x0 = 1.000000 y'= 1− x y x2 h = 0.100000 1.995737 0.954623 k1 0.000000 Solución general y= ln x c  x x y'= Solución particular: y= 1ln x x 1− x y 2 x h = 0.000000 1.004535 -0.998848 0.003938 -0.008424 -0.015525 -0.008233 -0.400000 1.963040 0.002213 -0.991097 0.050000 1.014315 -0.350000 1.008017 -0.500000 Y 1.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.000000 1.978515 0.100000 1.

006330 -0.012658 -0.017664 k4 -0.005834 -0.015522 -0.001161 -0.007872 -0.008420 -0.007469 -0.017165 -0.007140 -0.005284 -0.002212 -0.003938 -0.93697674 REAL k3 -0.010509 -0.004319 -0.008233 -0.004645 -0.014249 -0.018020 0.006757 -0.009010 0.93697674 REAL .007762 -0.ción particular: y(1) = 1 y= 1ln x x k3 -0.003118 -0.016449 -0.008583 -0.008931 k4 -0.008012 -0.008720 -0.008836 -0.

021528 0.200000 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 0.000000 1.057172 0.400000 0.016688 0.000000 0.442578 k1 0.162268 0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial y '  y=e 3x a) Solución x0 = 0.128908 0.450000 Y 1.170519 1.500000 1.037609 1.170515 1.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 0.053553 0.500000 1.109812 0.007898 0.072421 0.026535 0.000000 Solución general y= 3 x e 4  c ex Solución particular: 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x 4 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.242929 1.000000 0.150000 0.113351 1.050182 0.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 0.003894 0.037627 0.089846 0.000000 0.332776 0.132745 0.050000 0.031979 0.350000 0.075254 0.300000 0.400000 Y 1.100000 0.575330 k1 0.033376 0.100000 0.080736 0.099367 0.000000 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.000000 y0 = 1.069580 1.57532090 y(1.200000 0.5) = .100979 0.300000 0.064454 0.016093 1.000000 y0 = 1.069578 1.016183 0.198734 k2 0.000000 0.000000 1.012225 0.016094 1.242528 y(1.120742 k2 0.003881 1.332770 1.250000 0.043782 0.

160600 0.052544 0.064463 0.075348 0.129033 0.109551 0.007902 0.037633 0.016693 0.003797 0.026541 0.031843 0.099693 0.012116 0.57532026 REAL .132445 k4 0.050190 0.015374 0.145333 1.056997 0.033448 0.57532026 REAL k3 0.089618 0.120755 0.021407 0.ción particular: y(0) = 1 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x ] 4 k3 0.080746 0.099378 0.072222 0.198900 0.043628 0.240339 k4 0.290857 1.

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