Es probable que el procedimiento más difundido y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones a

al problema de valor inicial y’ = f(x, y), si se conoce que y(x0) = y0 , sea el Método de Runge-Kutt
orden. Para obtener un nuevo valor de y se usa la siguiente:
Fórmula del Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.

y n1 = y n 
Donde:

1
 k 1 2k 2 2k 3  k 4 
6

k 1 =hf  x n , y n 

1
1
h , y n k 1 
2
2
1
1
k 3 =hf  x n  h , y n  k 2 
2
2
k 4 =hf  x n h , y n k 3 
k 2 =hf  x n 

sea el Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto a siguiente: de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones aproximadas noce que y(x0) = y0 . .

450000 1.552706 1.436694 k2 0.500000 3.5) = 3.307284 0.231000 0.49034296 .300000 1.011680 k1 0.731257 k2 0.147025 0.372647 0.202556 0.500000 3.314957 0.335944 0.611692 3.050000 1.442518 0.319965 0.172296 0.608274 0.281338 0.219382 0.125356 0.882567 1.100000 Y 1.400000 1.200000 1.238926 0.125841 0.150000 1.050000 Y 1.282806 0.49034296 a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.276180 2.200000 1.863406 k3 0.201619 0.365637 0.259183 0.100000 1.158766 0.107937 1.000000 1.000000 1.250000 1.234255 0.000000 0.334101 0.186325 0.000000 0.271408 0.000000 1.434755 0.100000 0.107625 0.000000 1.755053 1.108016 0.200000 0.000000 1.49021064 y(1.518359 0.552695 1.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial Solución particular: y(1) = 1 y' = 2xy a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.300000 1.620412 0.100000 1.400000 1.5) = 3.49033382 y(1.476429 k3 0.993714 2.380574 1.233674 1.237755 0.479359 1.350000 1.993687 2.135705 0.398218 0.000000 1.146422 0.400539 0.233678 1.116333 0.171545 0.611633 k1 0.

116342 0.518756 0.372873 0.436774 0.307330 0.259217 0.271536 0.731948 1.158781 0.219408 0.186344 0.048260 REAL k4 0.k4 0.365697 0.523656 REAL .135716 0.

008722 -0.000000 0.008424 -0.995737 0.998848 0.000000 y0 = 1.250000 1.350000 1.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.002213 -0.017167 k2 -0.400000 1.000000 Solución general y= ln x c  x x y'= Solución particular: y= 1ln x x 1− x y 2 x h = 0.985268 0.300000 1.200000 1.007476 -0.000000 y'= 1− x y x2 h = 0.005846 -0.003140 -0.012661 -0.450000 1.400000 Y 1.5) = .008583 -0.007762 -0.978515 0.991097 0.93697685 y(1.008836 k2 -0.008933 y(1.050000 1.005284 -0.004661 -0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial x 2 y '  xy=1 a) Solución x0 = 1.007141 -0.300000 1.100000 1.500000 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 1.008233 -0.954623 k1 0.100000 1.008017 -0.971050 0.006331 -0.945906 0.200000 1.150000 1.000000 -0.010629 -0.000000 1.963040 0.93697675 k1 0.015525 -0.017682 1.000000 y0 = 1.000000 0.971049 0.014315 -0.007877 -0.006766 -0.004535 -0.000000 -0.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.016485 -0.000000 1.003938 -0.954623 0.985268 0.995737 0.001190 -0.500000 Y 1.

018020 0.007762 -0.008233 -0.017664 k4 -0.005834 -0.93697674 REAL k3 -0.007140 -0.ción particular: y(1) = 1 y= 1ln x x k3 -0.001161 -0.015522 -0.003938 -0.93697674 REAL .004645 -0.014249 -0.006330 -0.005284 -0.004319 -0.007469 -0.016449 -0.008583 -0.008720 -0.008420 -0.002212 -0.007872 -0.009010 0.008836 -0.012658 -0.006757 -0.017165 -0.008931 k4 -0.010509 -0.003118 -0.008012 -0.

200000 0.000000 0.037609 1.332770 1.000000 Solución general y= 3 x e 4  c ex Solución particular: 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x 4 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.012225 0.198734 k2 0.400000 Y 1.128908 0.132745 0.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial y '  y=e 3x a) Solución x0 = 0.072421 0.575330 k1 0.300000 0.109812 0.000000 0.069578 1.003894 0.250000 0.000000 y0 = 1.089846 0.350000 0.300000 0.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 0.442578 k1 0.080736 0.242528 y(1.200000 0.075254 0.000000 1.000000 1.016183 0.053553 0.050000 0.021528 0.064454 0.450000 Y 1.242929 1.031979 0.500000 1.150000 0.500000 1.000000 y0 = 1.000000 0.000000 0.016093 1.016688 0.033376 0.007898 0.100979 0.162268 0.069580 1.120742 k2 0.113351 1.170519 1.099367 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 0.003881 1.170515 1.043782 0.057172 0.100000 0.100000 0.400000 0.332776 0.026535 0.050182 0.000000 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.57532090 y(1.5) = .037627 0.016094 1.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 0.

290857 1.160600 0.021407 0.099693 0.026541 0.132445 k4 0.043628 0.033448 0.145333 1.015374 0.198900 0.072222 0.075348 0.ción particular: y(0) = 1 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x ] 4 k3 0.012116 0.052544 0.089618 0.003797 0.240339 k4 0.120755 0.037633 0.099378 0.056997 0.050190 0.129033 0.109551 0.016693 0.080746 0.031843 0.064463 0.57532026 REAL .007902 0.57532026 REAL k3 0.

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