Es probable que el procedimiento más difundido y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones a

al problema de valor inicial y’ = f(x, y), si se conoce que y(x0) = y0 , sea el Método de Runge-Kutt
orden. Para obtener un nuevo valor de y se usa la siguiente:
Fórmula del Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.

y n1 = y n 
Donde:

1
 k 1 2k 2 2k 3  k 4 
6

k 1 =hf  x n , y n 

1
1
h , y n k 1 
2
2
1
1
k 3 =hf  x n  h , y n  k 2 
2
2
k 4 =hf  x n h , y n k 3 
k 2 =hf  x n 

sea el Método de Runge-Kutta de cuarto a siguiente: de Runge-Kutta de cuarto orden.y a la vez el más exacto para obtener soluciones aproximadas noce que y(x0) = y0 . .

233674 1.300000 1.863406 k3 0.518359 0.552695 1.238926 0.202556 0.000000 1.100000 0.231000 0.450000 1.282806 0.200000 1.107937 1.100000 1.49034296 .200000 0.000000 1.050000 Y 1.158766 0.731257 k2 0.442518 0.000000 1.5) = 3.300000 1.233678 1.150000 1.116333 0.100000 Y 1.49033382 y(1.000000 0.365637 0.319965 0.237755 0.476429 k3 0.611633 k1 0.620412 0.350000 1.49021064 y(1.993687 2.400539 0.372647 0.500000 3.100000 1.400000 1.314957 0.335944 0.186325 0.000000 1.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial Solución particular: y(1) = 1 y' = 2xy a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.271408 0.172296 0.011680 k1 0.500000 3.250000 1.276180 2.479359 1.147025 0.307284 0.400000 1.49034296 a) Solución x0 = y0 = h= n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.993714 2.201619 0.146422 0.334101 0.050000 1.434755 0.5) = 3.608274 0.552706 1.107625 0.000000 1.380574 1.436694 k2 0.125841 0.755053 1.219382 0.108016 0.259183 0.135705 0.611692 3.000000 1.281338 0.200000 1.125356 0.000000 0.398218 0.882567 1.171545 0.234255 0.

219408 0.523656 REAL .158781 0.372873 0.186344 0.518756 0.k4 0.048260 REAL k4 0.307330 0.365697 0.731948 1.259217 0.271536 0.135716 0.116342 0.436774 0.

945906 0.000000 y0 = 1.005284 -0.008583 -0.003140 -0.000000 0.000000 1.150000 1.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial x 2 y '  xy=1 a) Solución x0 = 1.008933 y(1.5) = .004535 -0.400000 1.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 1.010629 -0.954623 0.963040 0.007762 -0.008836 k2 -0.971050 0.985268 0.500000 Y 1.971049 0.012661 -0.001190 -0.008233 -0.200000 1.100000 1.017167 k2 -0.007141 -0.000000 -0.007476 -0.100000 1.400000 Y 1.100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 1.200000 1.050000 1.250000 1.000000 0.007877 -0.000000 -0.015525 -0.008722 -0.500000 0.006766 -0.995737 0.000000 Solución general y= ln x c  x x y'= Solución particular: y= 1ln x x 1− x y 2 x h = 0.450000 1.005846 -0.016485 -0.300000 1.93697675 k1 0.300000 1.000000 y0 = 1.004661 -0.002213 -0.998848 0.978515 0.93697685 y(1.014315 -0.003938 -0.008017 -0.995737 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 1.017682 1.000000 y'= 1− x y x2 h = 0.008424 -0.000000 1.985268 0.350000 1.954623 k1 0.006331 -0.991097 0.

002212 -0.007140 -0.008836 -0.005284 -0.ción particular: y(1) = 1 y= 1ln x x k3 -0.004319 -0.014249 -0.006330 -0.001161 -0.017165 -0.012658 -0.004645 -0.007872 -0.008420 -0.008583 -0.007469 -0.009010 0.008012 -0.007762 -0.93697674 REAL .003938 -0.010509 -0.015522 -0.018020 0.008720 -0.005834 -0.006757 -0.008931 k4 -0.016449 -0.008233 -0.017664 k4 -0.003118 -0.93697674 REAL k3 -0.

100000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 X 0.200000 0.170519 1.100979 0.132745 0.000000 0.170515 1.000000 1.57532090 y(1.031979 0.128908 0.150000 0.050182 0.007898 0.200000 0.400000 0.332776 0.5) = b) Solución x0 = 0.5) = .450000 Y 1.162268 0.000000 0.113351 1.242929 1.080736 0.099367 0.043782 0.442578 k1 0.120742 k2 0.332770 1.037627 0.400000 Y 1.016094 1.500000 1.033376 0.069580 1.075254 0.000000 0.300000 0.000000 Solución general y= 3 x e 4  c ex Solución particular: 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x 4 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.026535 0.016688 0.100000 0.000000 y0 = 1.000000 1.Método de Runge Kutta Ecuación diferencial y '  y=e 3x a) Solución x0 = 0.050000 0.500000 1.012225 0.021528 0.050000 n 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X 0.000000 y0 = 1.000000 0.003894 0.069578 1.016093 1.089846 0.100000 0.109812 0.300000 0.350000 0.250000 0.057172 0.242528 y(1.016183 0.037609 1.198734 k2 0.575330 k1 0.053553 0.064454 0.072421 0.003881 1.000000 y ' =e 3x − y h = 0.

016693 0.003797 0.015374 0.145333 1.021407 0.056997 0.007902 0.57532026 REAL k3 0.043628 0.290857 1.132445 k4 0.075348 0.099378 0.080746 0.064463 0.037633 0.57532026 REAL .120755 0.129033 0.031843 0.109551 0.089618 0.050190 0.198900 0.012116 0.240339 k4 0.026541 0.160600 0.052544 0.033448 0.ción particular: y(0) = 1 1 y = [ e 3x 3 e− x ] 4 k3 0.099693 0.072222 0.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful