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||MP|DFZ Y C|Ak|F|CAC|ÓN DF |O8 ¥|NO8

|o ||mc|oez es uno oe |o cuo||oooes oue e| ccnsum|oc( ex|ge oe un v|nc, ¦on¦c en cc¦e||o
ccmc en ccco. Nc cos¦o ccn oue e| v|nc seo cuenc, ¦|ene oue se( ||mc|oc v oue nc
ccn¦ego ccscs. |o ||mc|oez oece se( movc( en v|ncs c|onccs en cc¦e||os ¦(onsco(en¦es, vo
oue es mós fóc|| ce(c|c|( |cs ccscs. ¬ov oue ex¦(emo( |cs cu|ooocs v ¦ene( en cuen¦o |os
ex|genc|os oe |o c||en¦e|o, ounoue e| en¦u(c|om|en¦c nc o|sm|nuvo |os cuo||oooes
c(gonc|ec¦|cos.

|o ||mc|oez oece se( uno cuo||ooo ce(monen¦e, mon¦en|enocse seon |os oue seon |os
ccno|c|cnes oe ¦emce(o¦u(o, oe o|(eoc|cn v oe ||um|noc|cn o |os oue es¦e scme¦|oc. ¬ov oue
|cg(o( |o f||oc|cn oe es¦o ||mc|oez.

Po(o |cs v|ncs muv one|cs en cc¦e||os |o s|¦uoc|cn es un cccc o|fe(en¦e, cues es nc(mo| e|
oeccs|¦c oe mo¦e(|os cc|c(on¦es v en c|e(¦cs v|ncs cos| |nev|¦oc|e. Pe(c nc oecen se(
oemos|oc ocunoon¦es, n| oco(ece( on¦es oe 4 c 5 oncs oe ccnse(voc|cn. Decen se( fóc||es
oe seco(o( v oecen oe|o( e| v|nc ||mc|oc.

|o c|o(|f|coc|cn co(o |o cc¦enc|cn oe |o ||mc|oez es o|s¦|n¦o oe |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn, oue se
u¦|||zo co(o |o ccnse(voc|cn oe o|cno ||mc|oez: vo oue |o c|o(|f|coc|cn nc es s|emc(e un
meo|c oe es¦oc|||zoc|cn, cues un v|nc uno vez f||¦(ooc cueoe vc|ve( o en¦u(c|o(se s| es
o¦ocooc cc( |o ou|ec(o fe((|co.

Y o| ccn¦(o(|c, |cs c(couc¦cs u¦|||zoocs en |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn nc scn s|emc(e c|o(|f|con¦es, vo
oue nc c(ccc(c|cnon uno ||mc|oez cc((ec¦o.

ÒBSER\/C|ÓN DE |/ ||MP|DEZ

S| e| v|nc es¦ó ccnse(vooc en ¦cne|es c oeccs|¦cs, es neceso(|c soco(|c, s|n moncno(|c. S|n
oue |os |mcu(ezos oeccs|¦ooos en |cs g(|fcs c s|fcnes |c en¦u(c|en.
E| exòmen oe un v|nc oeccs|¦ooc en uno cc¦e||o c ccco oe c(|s¦o| oece noce(se ccn uno
|n¦ens|ooo oe |uz suce(|c( o |o oe| o|o, mós cc¦en¦e v scc(e un fcnoc neg(c.

E| exòmen oe ||mc|oez se (eo||zo oe ocs mcocs:

-cc( ¦(onsco(enc|o: se cc|cco |o ccco c cc¦e||o oe mcoc oue cueoo ve(se |o
fuen¦e |um|ncso o ¦(oves oe| v|nc. Ccn es¦e se ccse(von |cs en¦u(c|om|en¦cs
movc(es v mós |n¦enscs.

-cc( ||um|noc|cn |o¦e(o|: c |no|(ec¦o, oe mcoc oue e| v|nc oueoe ||um|nooc s|n
oue |cs c|cs ce(c|con |o fuen¦e |um|ncso. Po(o ce(c|c|( ve|cs ||ge(cs, c(couc|ocs
cc( e|emen¦cs mós f|ncs.

|o fuen¦e |um|ncso nc oece oes|umc(o( c fo¦|go( |o v|s¦o.

E| v|nc oece ccns|oe(o(se ccmc un ||ou|oc oue ccn¦|ene un g(on núme(c oe co(¦|cu|os en
suscens|cn.















|cs fencmencs ccnce(c|en¦es o |o ||mc|oez oe |cs v|ncs v o su c|o(|f|coc|cn se coson en |o
co(go e|ec¦(|co oe |os co(¦|cu|os. |o movc(|o oe |os sus¦onc|os en suscens|cn en e| v|nc v
¦coos |os co(eoes oe |cs (ec|c|en¦es oue |c ccn¦|enen, es¦ón nego¦|vomen¦e co(gooos
|¦on|ncs, coc¦e(|os, e¦cì. Sc|c |os f|c(os oe ce|u|cso v |os c(c¦e|nos ¦|enen co(go ccs|¦|vo, cc(
esc se emc|eon en f||¦(oocs v encc|oocs.

|o ex|s¦enc|o oe |os co(gos c(couce un (ecnozc en¦(e co(¦|cu|os, ce(c s| es¦os c|e(oen
co(go, o|cnos co(¦|cu|os se og|cme(on unos ccn¦(o o c¦(os v coen o| fcnoc oe| (ec|c|en¦e
fc(monoc ccscs.

C|/R|||C/C|ÓN ESPÒNì/NE/

Descues oe |o fe(men¦oc|cn, e| v|nc ccn¦|ene co(¦|cu|os en suscens|cn ccmc |evoou(os,
coc¦e(|os, oesnecncs oe ce|u|os c(coecen¦es oe |o uvo, e¦c. E| v|nc ¦|enoe o c|o(|f|co(se ccn
e| (eccsc, esccn¦óneomen¦e, ccns|s¦e en |o co|oo |en¦o v c(cg(es|vo oe |os co(¦|cu|os en
suscens|cn, oec|oc o| c(cc|c cesc.

|o (oc|oez oe |o c|o(|f|coc|cn esccn¦óneo oecenoe oe |o (|ouezo en cc|c|oes c(c¦ec¦c(es
|cc||socó(|ocs v oex¦(csoì. |cs v|ncs c(cceoen¦es oe uvos cco(|oos ccseen movc( ccn¦|ooo
oe cc|c|oes c(c¦ec¦c(es, v se c|o(|f|con ccn movc( o|f|cu|¦oo. Pe(c |o ||mc|oez ooou|(|oo
esccn¦óneomen¦e nc sue|e se( suf|c|en¦e, ccn |c oue se neces|¦o ¦omc|en un encc|ooc c un
f||¦(ooc.

|o c|o(|f|coc|cn esccn¦óneo se |cg(o me|c( en ¦cne|es oue en oeccs|¦cs, oec|oc o oue en
cococ|oooes mós ceouenos, |o o|¦u(o es menc( v |o co|oo mós (óc|oo.

|/ C|/R|||C/C|ÓN PÒR ENCÒ|/DÒ

Ccns|s¦e en onoo|( o| v|nc un c(couc¦c c|o(|f|con¦e cocoz oe ccogu|o(se en e| v oe
c(couc|( g(umcs: es¦cs oecen o((os¦(o( |os co(¦|cu|os oe| en¦u(c|om|en¦c. |cs c(couc¦cs
c|o(|f|con¦es, c cc|os, sue|en se( c(c¦e|nos. Es un s|s¦emo co(o o((os¦(o( (óc|oomen¦e |os
co(¦|cu|os en suscens|cn oue ex|g|(|on |o(gc ¦|emcc co(o seo|men¦o(se c ou|zó nc cco(|on
||ego( o noce(|c.

Se o|s¦|nguen ocs e¦ocos en |o c|o(|f|coc|cn:

-|o (eocc|cn oe |o cc|o ccn |cs cc||fenc|es oe| v|nc, oue |o ccogu|on v |o
|nsc|uc|||zon.
-|o seco(oc|cn oe |o cc|o cc( f|ccu|oc|cn, oue o((os¦(o |mcu(ezos en su co|oo.
|o fc(moc|cn oe| ccsc oe |o cc|o es vo(|oc|e, nc nov c(ccc(c|cn en¦(e |o ocs|s oe cc|o v
|os con¦|oooes oe ¦on|nc o((os¦(ooos. E| mecon|smc oe| encc|ooc se exc||co cc( |os co(gos
ccues¦os oe |os co(¦|cu|os en c(esenc|o. |os c(c¦e|nos ccn cc|c|oes oe co(go ccs|¦|vcs, v |cs
cc||fenc|es v |os co(¦|cu|os oue c(coucen |cs en¦u(c|om|en¦cs scn oe co(go nego¦|vo. E|
encuen¦(c c(cvcco uno o¦(occ|cn (ec|c(cco oue es e| cun¦c oe co(¦|oo oe |o f|ucu|oc|cn.

|os co(¦|cu|os oe| en¦u(c|om|en¦c nc scn cos|vos en e| c(ccesc oe |o c|o(|f|coc|cn, s|nc oue
en¦(on en oc¦|v|ooo v oce|e(on |o co|oo oe |cs g(umcs.















|o c|o(|f|coc|cn nc oo cuencs (esu|¦oocs o ì' muv o|¦os. Do mós cuencs (esu|¦oocs o ì'
co|os: ooemós, es uno cce(oc|cn oue sue|e (eo||zo(se en |nv|e(nc.

Scc(eencc|ooc: s| co(¦e oe |os c(c¦e|nos nc se ccogu|on v c(ec|c|¦on, v se ccmc|non c
ce(monecen en sc|uc|cn en e| v|nc, e| v|nc cueoe oueoo( ||mc|oc ce(c nc es uno ||mc|oez
es¦oc|e, cues cueoe vc|ve( o en¦u(c|o(se. Po(o ev|¦o(|c e| v|nc no oe ¦ene( un excesc
suf|c|en¦e oe ¦on|nc. S| nc |c ¦|ene |v|ncs c|onccsì, cueoe onoo|(se ¦on|nc ccme(c|o|.

Cooo v|nc ¦|ene c(cc|eoooes ccogu|on¦es v oe c|o(|f|coc|cn |guo|men¦e o|s¦|n¦os. Sc|c |os
c(uecos oe c|o(|f|coc|cn (eo||zooos ccn on¦e|oc|cn ce(m|¦en oe¦e(m|no( |o me|c( fc(mu|o v |o
ocs|s mós oc(cc|ooo. En es¦os c(uecos oe c|o(|f|coc|cn se ccse(vo: |o (oc|oez oe
ccogu|oc|cn oe| c|o(|f|con¦e, |o (oc|oez oe c(ec|c|¦oc|cn, e| g(ooc oe ||mc|oez ccnsegu|oc, |o
o|¦u(o oe |os ||os v su ¦enoenc|o o| oce|mozom|en¦c. ¬ov oue e|eg|( e| c|o(|f|con¦e oue me|c(
c|o(|f|oue v oue efec¦úe uno c(ec|c|¦oc|cn (óc|oo v oe|e un ceouenc vc|umen oe ||os.

|cs c(couc¦cs oe| encc|ooc scn gene(o|men¦e c(c¦e|nos on|mo|es, o|cúm|nos, g|ccu||nos,
cose|nos c c|en ge|o¦|nos. ¬ov oue onoo|( c|e(¦os mezc|os oue ¦|enen ven¦o|os en |o (oc|oez
oe |o f|ccu|oc|cn v oe |o seo|men¦oc|cn: gene(o|men¦e scn mezc|os ccn cen¦cn|¦o, song(e
oesecooo, cc|vc oe ge|o¦|no, e¦c.

-ge|o¦|no: se cc¦|ene cc( cccc|cn c(c|cngooo oe sus¦onc|os cc|ógenos:
nuescs, co(¦||ogcs, c|e|es. |o cc|o oe nuescs es |o mós cc((|en¦e. |o ge|o¦|no
oes¦|nooo o c|o(|f|coc|cn oece se( cccc cc|c(eooo v oe c|c( neu¦(c. Se cueoe
enccn¦(o( en fc(mo oe |óm|nos, oe ce(|os v en cc|vc. ¬ov oue o|sc|ve(|o en oguo
co||en¦e on¦es oe su emc|ec.

-c|o(|f|coc|cn ccmc|nooo ||ese|sc|-ge|o¦|no: e| ||ese|sc| es uno sc|uc|cn
ccmc|nooo oe s|||ce c ge|, en oguo, o| 30%. Se u¦|||zo en c|o(|f|coc|cn co(o v|ncs
c|onccs: cc((|en¦e en /|emon|o. |o c(ccc(c|cn es oe 5g oe ge|o¦|no cc( n| v 2ó5
o 30 cm3 oe s||uc|cn oe ||ese|sc|. Es¦o ccmc|noc|cn oo uno exce|en¦e cu(ezo,
en v|ncs (|ccs en cc|c|oes muc||og|ncscs v o|f|c||es oe c|o(|f|co(, ccmc cc(
e|emc|c |cs v|ncs ||cc(cscs oe cco(eoumc(e ncc|e. Nc oo |ugo( o uno
scc(ec|o(|f|coc|cn.

-cc|o oe cescooc: c(cv|ene oe |o ve||go no¦o¦c(|o oe oe¦e(m|noocs ceces.
Se c(esen¦o en fc(mo oe v|(u¦os c oe f|oecs. Su c(eco(oc|cn es en f(|c, nunco
oece co|en¦o(se. C|o(|f|co me|c( ccn ocs|s mós ceouenos, c(ccc(c|cno mós
c(|||c, nc scc(eencc|o v ex|ge mencs ¦on|nc co(o ou ccogu|oc|cn. Pe(c c(couce
||os vc|um|nos, seo|men¦o mo| v se oon|e(e o |os co(eoes oe |cs ¦cne|es: v scn
neceso(|cs ocs ¦(os|egcs.

-o|cúm|no oe nuevc: |o c|o(o oe nuevc ccn¦|ene o|cúm|no v g|cc|||no: |o
o|cúm|no se o||uve en oguo f(|o, ce(c |o g|ccu||no sc|c es sc|uc|e en c(esenc|o
oe so|es: cc( esc es¦ó ce(m|¦|oc e| usc oe so| oe ccc|no en |o c(eco(oc|cn oe
uno sc|uc|cn co(o e| c|o(|f|cooc. |o c(ccc(c|cn es oe 5 o 8 c|o(os oe nuevc cc(
co((|co oe 225 |. ìomc|en se cueoe enccn¦(o( en fc(mo oe cc|vc oesecooc c
ccnge|ooo. Nc es oc(cc|ooo co(o c|onccs, ce(c s| co(o ¦|n¦cs f|ncs. ¬ov oue














ev|¦o( noce( escumo on¦es oe ecno(|o o| v|nc, cues es¦ó escumo f|c¦o v nc
co(¦|c|co en |o c|o(|f|coc|cn.

-cc|vc oe song(e: es un cc|vc oe cc|c( neg(uzcc oue ccn¦|ene o|cúm|no oe|
sue(c v nemo¦|es, ¦|ene un 75% oe c(c¦e|nos. Es un c|o(|f|con¦e (óc|oc, ene(g|cc v
ccnv|ene c|en o |cs v|ncs |cvenes, suov|zo |cs v|ncs un cccc os¦(|ngen¦es. Po(o su
usc oece o|sc|ve(se en oguo f(|o.

-cose|no: |o c|o(|f|coc|cn ccn |ecne en¦e(o es un c(cceo|m|en¦c muv on¦|guc,
c(esen¦o o|gunos ven¦o|os oe oecc|c(oc|cn v oe oescoc(|zoc|cn. Desco(¦ooo cc(
|o (eg|omen¦oc|cn eu(cceo. |o cose|no en cc|vc es cuenc co(o |o c|o(|f|oc|cn
oe v|ncs c|onccs: nov oue o|sc|ve(|c c(ev|omen¦e en oguo f(|o. Decc|c(o v|ncs
c|onccs omo(|||en¦cs v cx|ooocs, v |es vue|ve o oo( un cccc oe f(escc( gus¦o¦|vc.

|o o|s¦(|cuc|cn oe| c|o(|f|con¦e cc( ¦coo |o moso oe| v|nc oece se( |nmeo|o¦o, vo oue s|nc
nov co(¦es oe o|cno moso oue (ec|cen e| c|o(|f|con¦e cuonoc vo no ce(o|oc sus c(cc|eoooes
c|o(|f|con¦es.

Po(o uno me|c( o|s¦(|cuc|cn es me|c( oue |os sc|uc|cnes es¦en cos¦on¦e o||u|oos, co(o oue
seon oe mezc|o fóc|| v oe (eocc|cn mós |en¦o. |c |oeo| se(|o onoo|( |o cc|o cccc o cccc,
ccn c|e(¦o c(es|cn en e| v|nc en mcv|m|en¦c cc( meo|c oe un ccmcec, un (emcv|oc c un
mec|oc. ìomc|en cco(|o efec¦uo(se ou(on¦e e| ¦(onscu(sc oe un ¦(os|egc, |nvec¦onoc e|
c|o(|f|con¦e cc( meo|c oe uno ccmco ocs|f|cooc(o cc|ccooo o|(ec¦omen¦e en |o
cono||zoc|cn oe ¦(os|egc. /s| cooo vc|umen oe v|nc (ec|ce |o m|smo con¦|ooo oe
c|o(|f|con¦e, |nmeo|o¦omen¦e mezc|ooc.

E| encc|ooc nc sc|c e||m|no |cs en¦(uc|om|en¦cs v|s|c|es, s|nc ¦omc|en |cs en¦u(c|om|en¦cs
en cc¦enc|o c fu¦u(cs. Es oec|(, oue ¦omc|en e|e(ce uno func|cn es¦oc|||zon¦e oe ||mc|ezo.

C|/R|||C/C|ÓN PÒR |||ìR/C|ÓN

|o f||¦(oc|cn ccns|s¦e en noce( coso( un ||ou|oc ¦u(c|c o ¦(oves oe uno coco f||¦(on¦e ccn
cc(cs muv f|ncs. Es uno cce(oc|cn mecón|co v c|on¦eo c(cc|emos oe co||ooo v oe con¦|ooo:
s|n oue o|¦e(e |o co||ooo gus¦o¦|vo oe| v|nc v ¦en|enoc en cuen¦o |o con¦|ooo oe v|nc o f||¦(o(
co(o oumen¦o( |o suce(f|c|e oe f||¦(oc|cn.
|os cocos f||¦(on¦es es¦ón ccns¦|¦u|oos cc( mo¦e(|o|es oe no¦u(o|ezo v fc(mo vo(|ooo, oe
es¦(us¦u(o muv f|no, f|c(cso c cu|ve(u|en¦o. |cs mo¦e(|o|es mós emc|eoocs scn: f|c(os
ce|u|csos, f|c(os oe om|on¦c, |os o|o¦cmeos |o|gos un|ce|u|o(es ccn coco(ozcn oe s|||cecì.

|os cocos f||¦(on¦es cueoen se( c(eco(ooos v u¦|||zooos oe o|fe(en¦es mcocs:
-en c(ecc|mo¦ooc: oeccs|¦o( uno coco f||¦(on¦e scc(e e| sccc(¦e. E| mós cc((|en¦e es e| f||¦(c
oe ¦e||oc encc|ooc ccn o|o¦cmeos.

-en o||men¦ooc: mezc|o( e| c(couc¦c f||¦(on¦e o| v|nc , co(o oue |os co(¦|cu|os oe|
en¦u(c|om|en¦c se oeccs|¦en c(cg(es|vomen¦e scc(e e| sccc(¦e.
-en fc(mo oe c|ocos c(efoc(|cooos: co(¦cnes oe cc(cs|oooes vo(|ooos, ccns¦|¦u|oos cc( un
f||¦(c oe f|c(o oe ce|u|cso ¦(o¦ooc.















|os f|c(os oe om|on¦c ce(m|¦en cc¦ene( cocos oe ¦ex¦u(o mós oc(e¦ooos: ce(c non s|oc
c(cn|c|oos cc( cues¦|cnes oe n|g|ene o||men¦o(|os.

|os cocos f||¦(on¦es se c|os|f|con en ocs co¦egc(|os:

-cc( ocsc(c|cn: |cs cono|es oe| f||¦(c scn oe un o|óme¦(c movc( oue |os
|evoou(os. |os f|c(os oe ce|u|cso co(gooos ccs|¦|vomen¦e o¦(oen v (e¦|enen |os
|evoou(os co(gooos nego¦|vomen¦e nos¦o e| mcmen¦c en oue su ccoe( oe
o¦(occ|cn se encuen¦(o so¦u(ooc. En es¦e cosc |c |mcc(¦on¦e es |o moso, |o
no¦u(o|ezo v |o suce(f|c|e oe |os f|c(os.

-cc( ¦om|zooc: u¦|||zonoc uno memc(ono cc(cso oe es¦e(es oe ce|u|cso en
cc(cs oe 1,2 m|c(cnes: |os |evoou(os oueoon s|emc(e (e¦en|oos v e| v|nc coso
s|emc(e ||mc|c. |cs cono|es scn mós ceouencs oue |os |evoou(os, nc cueoen
o¦(oveso(|cs v ccs¦(uven |o en¦(ooo. |o cococ|ooo oe| f||¦(c o|sm|nuve, vo oue su
cc|mo¦ooc es (óc|oc.

F||troc|ón sobre p|ocos f||trontes prefobr|codos: |o ce|u|cso v e| om|on¦c se uson co(o |o
foc(|coc|cn oe c|ocos f||¦(on¦es ccn uno omc||o gomo oe cc(cs|ooo, oc||coc|es o o|s¦|n¦cs
¦|ccs oe f||¦(oc|cn. |os c|ocos mencs ¦uc|oos es¦ón fc(mooos cc( ce|u|cso v |os mós ¦uc|oos
scn oe om|on¦c. |os cocos f||¦(on¦es se c|os|sf|con en ¦(es co¦egc(|os: c|ocos oe g(on
(eno|m|en¦c: oensos v ccn¦|enen o|o¦cmeos oue esccn|on |o ¦ex¦u(o v oumen¦on |o suce(f|c|e
|n¦e(no oe |o coco f||¦(on¦e, ¦|enen cococ|oooes oe f||¦(oc|cn e|evooos, uno oec|| ¦enoenc|o
o| cc|mo¦ooc v uno cueno (e¦enc|cn oe co(¦|cu|os: c|ocos c|o(|f|con¦es: |o occ|cn co|(|f|con¦e
nc es cues¦|cn oe g(csc( oe |cs cono|es, s|nc oe |o no¦u(o|ezo oe |os f|c(os v oe |o suce(f|c|e:
c|ocos es¦e(|||zon¦es: ex|s¦en en vo(|os cc(cs|oooes, foc(|cooos ccn nuevos f|c(os oe ce|u|cso
escec|o|men¦e ¦(o¦ooos v ccmc(|m|oos. ¬ov oue ¦ene( en cuen¦o o|gunos c(ecouc|cnes:

1. |os mo¦e(|os u¦|||zooos en |cs f||¦(cs ceoen cccos sus¦onc|os, es occnse|oc|e cues,
noce( c|(cu|o( oguo en e| f||¦(c oescues oe su mcn¦o|e v oesecno( |cs c(|me(cs ||¦(cs oe
v|nc.
2. |os c|ocos ¦(oco|on ccn ccns¦on¦e c(es|cn: es me|c( oue |o c(es|cn se ccns|go cc(
oesn|ve| oue ccn |o ovuoo oe uno ccmco.
3.
4. |os ocs co(os oe |o c|oco nc scn |guo|es, oece (esce¦o(se e| sen¦|oc c(ev|s¦c co(o |o
f||¦(oc|cn. |o co(o mós ¦uc|oo se oes¦|no o |o so||oo oe| v|nc v |o mencs (egu|o( co(o |o
en¦(ooo.

F||troc|ón por membronos:

es¦ón ccns¦|¦u|oos cc( es¦e(es oe ce|u|cso v oe c¦(cs cc||me(cs: oue cc(on ccmc ¦om|ces
ex¦(emooomen¦e f|ncs. |o memc(ono oe¦|ene en su suce(f|c|e ¦coos |os co(¦|cu|os oe un
oumen¦c suce(|c( o| o|óme¦(c oe |cs cc(cs, v ¦(oco|o sc|omen¦e cc( ¦om|zooc. Es un f||¦(ooc
oue se onooe o| noc|¦uo| v oue ce(m|¦e cc¦ene( uno g(on segu(|ooo en |o e||m|noc|cn oe
m|c(cc(gon|smcs

















F||troc|ón por d|otomeos:

|o o|o¦cm|¦o es uno (cco oe co(óc¦e( s|||cec ccns¦|¦u|oo cc( ocumu|oc|cn oe coco(ozcnes
fcs||es oe o|gos m|c(csccc|cos c oe o|o¦cmeos. Ex|s¦e un g(on núme(c oe co||oooes oe
o|o¦cmeos, cf(ecen uno gomo oe cc(cs|oooes v ce(m|¦en cc¦ene( un f||¦(ooc mós c mencs
ccmc|e¦c. Se esccge un co||ooo oue nc ceoo o| v|nc mo| gus¦c, n| sus¦onc|os ex¦(onos.

Ccnsecuenc|os c(gonc|ec¦|cos oe |o f||¦(oc|cn

|o ccme(c|o||zoc|cn oe v|ncs |cvenes v e| oeso((c||c oe |cs emcc¦e||oocs non necnc oe|
f||¦(ooc cos| uno neces|ooo. Pe(c ccmc en e| f||¦(ooc ¦coos |os c(ecouc|cnes es¦ón ¦cmooos
co(o ev|¦o( gus¦cs occ|oen¦o|es, |o occ|cn mecón|co oe| f||¦(ooc nc ¦|ene uno occ|cn
nego¦|vo scc(e |o co||ooo. |cs v|ncs ¦u(c|cs s|emc(e se oecu(on gus¦o¦|vomen¦e cc( e| f||¦(ooc.

c|||¦(oc|cn c encc|ooc?

E| f||¦(ooc es mós (óc|oc v segu(c: ce(c s| noc|omcs oe ou(oc|cn oe |o ||mc|oez es me|c( e|
encc|ooc, vo oue ce(m|¦e |( mós |e|cs en |o seco(oc|cn oe c|e(¦cs e|emen¦cs muv f|ncs. S|n
emc(ogc |o ccmc|noc|cn oe |cs ocs s|s¦emos es me|c(.

C|or|f|coc|ón por centr|fugoc|ón

ì|ene ccmc f|n oce|e(o( |o co|oo oe |cs seo|men¦cs v c(cvcco( uno oecon¦oc|cn (óc|oo. S|
|o oc||comcs o un v|nc ¦u(c|c, |o fue(zo cen¦(|fugo (eo||zo |o seo|men¦oc|cn oe |os
suscens|cnes |ne(¦es c m|c(cc|onos. |cs c|o(|f|cooc(es es¦ón ccncec|ocs co(o efec¦uo( o|
m|smc ¦|emcc uno oecon¦oc|cn: e| v|nc en¦(o ¦u(c|c v so|e ||mc|c oe |os |mcu(ezos en
suscens|cn mós cesooos. ¬ov vo(|os: |os c|o(|f|cooc(os oe cómo(os oe oeccs|¦c, |os
c|o(|f|cooc(os ou¦coes|coon¦es v |os c|o(|f|cooc(os ne(me¦|cos. |o cen¦(|fugoc|cn se u¦|||zo en
|cs coscs s|gu|en¦es:
-Desfongooc (óc|oc oe |cs mcs¦cs oescues oe| escu((|oc c c(ensooc, s|enoc
neceso(|c e| su|f|¦ooc.

-C|o(|f|coc|cn oe un v|nc |cven cccc ¦|emcc oescues oe |o fe(men¦oc|cn, co(o |o
e||m|noc|cn oe |os |evoou(os.
















Naturaleza de les precipitaciones
Contenidos del Vino
Ácido Tartárico
Antocianos (color rojo, carga -)
Taninos (color amarillo), muy activos
Estado del vino / Madurez
Joven
Coloración intensa y cubierta
Estado soluble
Ácido Tartárico cristalitzado sal
Antocianos (carga – , menos activa)
Taninos (color amarillo), menos
activos
Maduro
Coloració menos intensa, aparición
del color de los taninos
Vino menos activo, más suave
Estado insoluble
Polimerización de los polifenoles
Chemise du Vin: sedimentos que aparecen internamente en toda la botella


PkOCFD|M|FNIO8 DF |A F8IA8|||ZAC|ÓN DF |O8 ¥|NO8

un v|nc cc((ec¦omen¦e c|o(|f|cooc cueoe en¦u(c|o(se oe nuevc v seo|men¦o( s| ccn¦|ene
un excesc oe c|e(¦cs me¦o|es. un en¦u(c|om|en¦c cueoe se( oec|oc o vo(|os cousos:
oeso((c||c oe uno |nfecc|cn m|c(cc|ono ||evoou(os c coc¦e(|osì c fc(moc|cn oe
c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes ou|m|cos ||nsc|uc|||zoc|cn oe sus¦onc|os en excesc: ¦omc|en ccncc|oo ccmc
¨ou|ec(o¨ì.

Es¦oc|||zo( un v|nc s|gn|f|co |mceo|( |cs ccs|c|es occ|oen¦es c oesv|oc|cnes oe su
ccnse(voc|cn. Se ¦(o¦o oe c(ccc(c|cno(|e un cc|c( v uno ||mc|oez es¦oc|es ccn e| cosc oe|
¦|emcc: |c oue se en¦|enoe cc( uno cueno ccnse(voc|cn.

PR|NC|P|ÒS B/S|CÒS DE |ÒS PRÒCED|M|ENìÒS DE ESì/B|||Z/C|ÓN

|os o|teroc|ónes de |o ||mp|dez

/fec¦on o |cs v|ncs (e|o¦|vomen¦e c|o(|f|coocs, cuonoc se (evue|ven c os|en¦on: ofec¦on o
|o ||mc|oez v o| cc|c(. Pcoemcs oe¦e(m|no( ¦(es c|oses oe o|¦e(oc|cnes oe |o ||mc|oez:

-en¦u(c|om|en¦cs cx|oós|ccs: c ou|ec(o cx|oós|xo, se oece o |o c(esenc|o oe
cc||fenc|cx|oosos en |os uvos ofec¦ooos cc( |o cco(eoumc(e v en |cs v|ncs
c(couc|ocs ccn e||os. E| cx|genc oe| o|(e oc¦|vooc cc( |o enz|mo cx|oon¦e es ||evooc
o oe¦e(m|noocs ccmccnen¦es oe| v|nc, escec|o|men¦e |cs cc||fenc|es. |cs v.c|onccs
se cscu(ecen v se en¦u(c|on v |cs ¦|n¦cs c|e(oen on¦cc|onos v se vue|ven oe cc|c(
cnccc|o¦e. Es¦o ou|ec(o es uno o|¦e(oc|cn oe |cs v|ncs |cvenes oue se mon|f|es¦o














ou(on¦e |os c(|me(os semonos oe su ccnse(voc|cn. Sue|e oesoco(ece( oescues oe
uno ooecuooo oo|c|cn oe onn|o(|oc su|fu(csc en e| c(|me( ¦(os|egc.

-|cs en¦u(c|om|en¦cs m|c(cc|c|cg|ccs: |cs en¦u(c|om|en¦cs oe |evoou(os scn
ccs|c|es en v|ncs seccs v en ou|ces, |nc|usc s|n fe(men¦oc|cn oe| ozúco(. Es |o
ccnsecuenc|o oe uno o|(eoc|cn oe| v|nc. P(esen¦o un oscec¦c cu|ve(u|en¦c v ||ge(c,
c ccccsc. Se oescuc(en cc( un exómen m|c(csccc|cc |uno nume(oc|cn oe
|evoou(os c coc¦e(|osì c cc( ensovc oe oeso((c||c en es¦ufo oe 25'C. Se ev|¦on ccn
cuencs f||¦(oocs v su|f|¦oocs cc((ec¦cs.

-|cs oe c(|gen ou|m|cc: |o ou|ec(o fe((|co oco(ece oescues oe uno o|(eoc|cn v se
oece o| excesc oe n|e((c. |o ou|ec(o cúc(|co oco(ece c(c¦eg|oo oe| o|(e v se oece
o un excesc oe ccc(e. |o ou|ec(o c(c¦e|co es uno f|ccu|oc|cn |(eccscì oe |os
c(c¦e|nos no¦u(o|es oe |cs v|ncs c|onccs. |os c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes oe mo¦e(|os cc|c(on¦es
occmconon |o evc|uc|cn oe o|cnos mo¦e(|os. |os c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes c(|s¦o||nos oe
c|¦o(¦(o¦c oe cc¦os|c v oe ¦o(¦(o¦c neu¦(c oe co|c|c, oco(ecen oescues oe un
enf(|om|en¦c c ccn e| cosc oe| ¦|emcc, en v|ncs |cvenes.

E| enc|cgc es e| oue ¦|ene oue oef|n|( |o c|ose v |o couso oe| en¦u(c|om|en¦c o ¦(oves oe un
onó||s|s c un exomen m|c(csccc|cc.

|cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs co(o |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn oe |o ||mc|oez oe |cs v|ncs se coson en |os
cce(oc|cnes s|gu|en¦es:

-P(uecos oe o|ogncs¦|cc, cosooos en onó||s|s, ||evonoc o| v|nc o ccno|c|cnes
es¦(emos oe ccnse(voc|cn, co(o oue oco(ezcon |os ccs|c|||oooes oe en¦(uc|om|en¦c.
-uno vez ccncc|ocs |cs oefec¦cs oe| v|nc, oc||co( |cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs ooecuoocs o cooo
cosc.
-Nuevos c(uecos oe su es¦ooc co(o ve(|f|co( |o ef|coc|o oe |cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs (eo||zoocs.

/ ccn¦|nuoc|cn ve(emcs |cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs ccs|c|es oc||coc|es o |cs v|ncs. un v|nc nc
oece (ec|c|( mós ¦(o¦om|en¦cs oue |cs neceso(|cs co(o su es¦oc|||zoc|cn. un ¦(o¦om|en¦c es
ooecuooc sc|c cuonoc es |no|scensoc|e, v cuonoc mencs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs suf(e es me|c( su
es¦ooc.


ESì/B|||Z/C|ÓN RESPECìÒ / |/S Òu|EBR/S MEì/||C/S

Qu|ebro férr|co: no s|oc e| occc|oen¦e oe |o ||mc|oez mós ¦em|oc nos¦o onc(o, vo oue
oec|oc o |cs cu|ooocs en |o v|n|f|coc|cn non o|sm|nu|oc su g(oveooo v su ¦(o¦om|en¦c se no
vue|¦c senc|||c v ef|coz. |o ceoueno con¦|ooo oe so|es oe n|e((c oue se encuen¦(o en |cs v|ncs
cueoe ¦ene( ¦(es c(|genes: s| nc scc(ecoso |cs 2 c 3 mg. cc( ||¦(c ccns¦|¦uve e| n|e((c c|c|cg|cc
oe |o uvo: c¦(o co(¦e c(cceoe oe |o ¦|e((o c cc|vcs ¦e((cscs oue moncnon |o suce(f|c|e oe |os
uvos: c¦(o, cueoe c(cceoe( oe| mo¦e(|o| me¦ó||cc. E| cx|genc o|sue|¦c en e| v|nc noce coso(
uno oe¦e(m|nooo c(ccc(c|cn oe so|es fe((csos o| es¦ooc fe((|cc v cooo vez oue e| v|nc es
mon|cu|ooc en ccn¦oc¦c ccn e| o|(e oumen¦o su ccn¦en|oc en so|es fe((|cos. S| e| v|nc se
o|(eo v se c(c¦ege c¦(o vez oe| o|(e, e| cx|genc o|sue|¦c se ccnsume, |os so|es fe((|cos se














(eoucen v coson o| es¦ooc fe((csc. E| n|e((c oe |cs v|ncs cueoe csc||o( en¦(e e| es¦ooc
(eouc|oc v e| es¦ooc cx|oooc.

|os so|es fe((csos scn ¦c¦o|men¦e sc|uc|es v oe|on e| v|nc ||mc|oc, ce(c c|e(¦os so|es fe((|cos
scn |nsc|uc|es c cc|c(eooos |fcsfo¦c fe((|cc,...ì. ìcoos |os ccmc|noc|cnes fe((|cos nc
c(ec|c|¦on. Según su ccns¦|¦uc|cn, |cs v|ncs cueoen se( mós c mencs sens|c|es o |o ou|ec(o
fe((|co. Es neceso(|c noce( |o c(ueco oe |o ou|ec(o fe((|co co(o oe¦e(m|no( s| nov ce||g(c c nc
oe ou|ec(o: nov v|nc oue ¦|enen o|¦c ccn¦en|oc en n|e((c ¦c¦o| v ce(monecen ||mc|ocs.
¬ov o|ve(scs me¦cocs co(o es¦oc|||zo( un v|nc ccn ou|ec(o fe((|co en cc¦enc|o:

Òx|genoc|cn: es¦e ¦(o¦om|en¦c cc((|ge |o c(ueco c(cvccónoc|o. Se ¦on|zoco e|
v|nc v se oe|oco (eccso(, oescues se so¦u(oco oe cx|genc: |o ou|ec(o oco(ec|o
o cocc oe uncs o|os, se encc|oco v se ccmc|e¦oco |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn ccn uno
oo|c|cn oe óc|oc c|¦(|cc. Su |nccnven|en¦e (es|oe en uno ccs|c|e ce(o|oo oe
o(cmo v oe co(óc¦e(.

||¦o¦c oe co|c|c: en es¦e cosc |o oesfe((|zoc|cn es movc(. E| f|¦o¦c fe((|cc es
escec|o|men¦e |nscc|uc|e. E| óc|oc f|¦|cc es |o (ese(vo oe| fcsfc(c ccn¦en|oo en
|cs g(oncs oe uvo, scc(e ¦coc en |o c|e|. Se o|(eo e| v|nc c se cx|geno, se
oe¦e(m|no e| ccn¦en|oc oe| n|e((c en es¦ooc fe((|cc c n|e((c c(ec|c|¦oc|e: se
onooe e| f|¦o¦c oe co|c|c oue se neces|¦e, c(ev|omen¦e o||u|oc en co||en¦e en
uno sc|uc|cn oe óc|oc c|¦(|cc: cosoocs 3 c 4 o|os se c|o(|f|co v f||¦(o.

|e((cc|onu(c oe cc¦os|c: ¦omc|en ccncc|oc ccmc ¨c|o(|f|coc|cn ozu|¨. E|
óc|oc fe((cc|onn|o(|cc se ccmc|no ccn |cs me¦o|es v c(couce ccn e||cs so|es
ccmc|e¦omen¦e |nsc|uc|es v o|ve(somen¦e cc|c(eooos: e| n|e((c en es¦ooc fe((|cc
oo un c(ec|c|¦ooc oe ozu| |n¦ensc, v e| n|e((c fe((csc oo uno so| c|onouec|no. |o
ocs|s veno(ó seno|ooo cc( |os mues¦(os. P(|me(c se no oe noce( uno sc|uc|cn oe|
c(couc¦c en oguo f(|o, se mezc|o ccn e| v|nc c(ccu(onoc uno o|sc|uc|cn
ce(fec¦o oe| c(couc¦c cc( ¦coo |o moso: |o c|o(|f|coc|cn se oece noce( o cose
oe cc|o c(c¦e|co, co(o oce|e(o( |o f|ccu|oc|cn v |o co|oo oe| fe((cc|onu(c fe((|cc v
foc|||¦o( |o c|o(|f|coc|cn: oescues, oece f||¦(o(se. Es un ¦(o¦om|en¦c muv ef|coz co(o
|o ou|ec(o fe((|co v |o cúc(|co, oe es¦o mone(o ccoemcs ¦(o¦o( ocs ou|ec(os o |o
vez. Pe(c cueoe mco|f|co( sens|c|emen¦e |o evc|uc|cn oe| enve|ec|m|en¦c en
cc¦e||os oe |cs v|ncs f|ncs.

/c|oc c|¦(|cc: oc¦úo ccn¦(o |o ou|ec(o fe((|co ccmc un ccng|cme(ooc, un
sc|uc|||zon¦e oe| n|e((c cc( fc(moc|cn oe un óc|oc fe((cc|¦(|cc sc|uc|e. Se
occnse|o en v|ncs cccc c(cc|c|cs o |o ou|ec(o.

Qu|ebro cúpr|co: occ|oen¦e oe |o ||mc|oez oe |cs v|ncs c|onccs emcc¦e||oocs, oec|oc o
|o c(esenc|o oe un excesc oe ccc(e. Es g(ove cues |n¦e(v|ene cuonoc e| v|nc vo es¦ó
emcc¦e||ooc. uno co(oc¦e(|s¦|co oe| en¦u(c|ooc es oue oesoco(ece cuonoc se oc(e |o
cc¦e||o v se o|(eo. |o ||mc|oez se (ecuce(o o |os 24 nc(os. E| ccc(e se encuen¦(o en ¦cocs |cs
v|ncs: |os uvos cueoen es¦o( scc(eco(gooos en e| mcmen¦c oe |o veno|m|o, ce(c es¦e ccc(e
se e||m|no ou(on¦e |o fe(men¦oc|cn oe| mcs¦c oec|oc o su f||oc|cn scc(e |os |evoou(os v
c(ec|c|¦oc|cn en es¦ooc oe su|fu(c |nsc|uc|e. |os oec|mos oe ccc(e oue cueoon oueoo( scn














suf|c|en¦es co(o c(cvcco( |o ou|ec(o cúc(|co. |cs mo¦e(|o|es oe ccc(e u¦|||zoocs en v|n|f|coc|cn
¦omc|en fovc(ecen su c(esenc|o en e| v|nc.

Es¦o ou|ec(o se c(couce en v|ncs c|onccs oue c(esen¦on excesc en ccc(e v en
ccno|c|cnes oe uno fue(¦e (eoucc|cn, ¦omc|en se cueoe enccn¦(o( en v|ncs (csoocs. |o |uz v
e| cc|c( oe |os cc¦e||os scn muv |mcc(¦on¦es. Es f(ecuen¦e en cc¦e||os c|oncos v ccn |uz sc|o(
|no|(ec¦o. Es un fencmenc fc¦cou|m|cc. E| cosc o| es¦ooc cúc(|cc sc|c cueoe (eo||zo(se o|
omco(c oe| o|(e: |os c(c¦e|nos v oe¦e(m|noocs om|ncóc|ocs |uegon un coce| esenc|o| en |o
fc(moc|cn v f|ccu|oc|cn oe |os so|es cúc(|cos.

¬ov ocs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs:
- |cs oue ev|¦on |o fc(moc|cn oe oe(|voocs cúc(|ccs
- |cs oue se cccnen o su f|ccu|oc|cn

ìR/ì/M|ENìÒS ||S|CÒS /P||C/DÒS /| \|NÒ

Scn |cs oue ccnen en occ|cn ene(g|os no¦u(o|es ccmc e| co|c(, e| f(|c, |cs (ovcs |nf(o((c|cs.
Scn n|g|en|comen¦e me|c(es oue |cs meo|cs ou|m|ccs. Pc( c¦(c |ooc, nc nov ccnsecuenc|os
g(oves s| se emc|eon s|n un cu|oooc exces|vc. Nc ccs¦on¦e, nov c|e(¦cs |nccnven|en¦es:
neces|ooo oe un mo¦e(|o| ccs¦csc, nc ef|coz o| 100%, uno occ|cn v|c|en¦o oue cueoe oes¦(u|(
o|guncs ccmccnen¦es f(óg||es v ce(o|oo oe |o co||ooo oe v|ncs oe||coocs. De necnc sc|c se
¦(o¦on v|ncs |cvenes v ou(on¦e cccc ¦|emcc.

|cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs ou|m|ccs v f|s|ccs scn ccmc|emen¦o(|cs. Es cuenc oue novo vo(|os
sc|uc|cnes f(en¦e o |cs c(cc|emos oe |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn.

Fstob|||zoc|ón por co|entom|ento

Nc es uno s|mc|e es¦e(|||zoc|cn, s|nc oue es mós ccmc|e|c, v |os ccs|c|es oc||coc|cnes oe|
co|en¦om|en¦c scn muv ex¦ensos. Efec¦cs oe| co|en¦om|en¦c oe |cs v|ncs:
1. Des¦(uve ge(menes oue fovc(ecen e| oeso((c||c oe |o c(|s¦o||zoc|cn oe sc|uc|cnes
scc(eso¦u(ooos oe c|¦o(¦(o¦c oe cc¦os|c v oe ¦o(¦(o¦c oe co|c|c: ¦(os e| co|en¦om|en¦c
co(o||zo |o c(|s¦o||zoc|cn.

2. S| se co||en¦o un v|nc ccn¦|ene mucnos c(c¦e|nos, o| enf(|o(se se en¦u(c|o. S| se c|o(|f|co
o |os ve|n¦|cuo¦(c nc(os oe| enf(|ooc, se mon¦|ene ||mc|oc seo cuo| seo |o ì' oe
ccnse(voc|cn ccs¦e(|c(: ounoue c|e(oe un cccc oe o(cmo v co(óc¦e(, s|n |mcc(¦onc|o
oesoe e| cun¦c oe v|s¦o ccme(c|o|.


3. /c¦|vo |cs fencmencs oe cx|oc-(eoucc|cn. En c(esenc|o oe onn|o(|oc su|fu(csc ||c(e, e|
excesc oe ccc(e en v|ncs c|onccs se (eouce v se cueoe seco(o( cc( encc|ooc. En |cs
v|ncs oe ||cc( se co||en¦on o| ccn¦oc¦c oe| o|(e, co(o ccnsegu|( e| cc|c( v e| socc( oe un
v|nc v|e|c. un (eco|en¦om|en¦c o| oc(|gc oe| o|(e, cc(¦o e| ce(|coc oe |o enfe(meooo
oe |o cc¦e||o v ocen¦úo e| oeso((c||c oe| ccuoue¦. |cs v|ncs emcc¦e||oocs evc|uc|cnon
mós (óc|oomen¦e en ccoegos o¦emce(ooos, ce(c se ccnse(von mós ¦|emcc en
ccoegos f(escos.















4. Po(o |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn enz|mó¦|co oe| v|nc. uno vez fe(men¦ooc e| v|nc, ccn¦|ene
enz|mos oe ccco |mcc(¦onc|o enc|cg|co, ccmc |os cx|oosos c |o cc||fenc|c|ooso, oue
oce|e(on |o ou|ec(o cx|oós|co. Po(o oes¦(u|( es¦os enz|mos se co||en¦o e| v|nc uncs
m|nu¦cs o 75'C c c|en segunocs o º0'C.


5. Se no u¦|||zooc ccmc ¦(o¦om|en¦c on¦||evoou(o co(o |o ccnse(voc|cn oe v|ncs suoves c
gene(cscs. |o ì' m|n|mo v |o ou(oc|cn oe su occ|cn oecenoe oe |o (es|s¦enc|o oe|
m|c(cc(gon|smc o oes¦(u|(.

ìecn|cos oe co|en¦om|en¦c: en |cs c(|me(cs cos¦e(|zooc(es e| v|nc o¦(ovesoco co|efoc¦c(es
¦ucu|o(es en fc(mo oe se(cen¦|nes |nme(scs en un conc mo(|o. |cs oco(o¦cs mcoe(ncs scn
c|ocos o|vec|o(es en |cs oue e| v|nc c|(cu|o en coco muv oe|gooo. |cs oco(o¦cs ce(m|¦en
(egu|o( |o ì' oe so||oo oe| v|nc. /|guncs oco(o¦cs se s|(ven oe (ovcs |nf(o((c|cs, oue osegu(on
uno cene¦(oc|cn (egu|o( oe| co|c( en |o veno oe v|nc c|(cu|on¦e oen¦(c oe ¦uccs
¦(onsco(en¦es.

kefr|geroc|ón de |os v|nos

Ccns|s¦e en enf(|o( |cs v|ncs o uno ì' |nfe(|c( o 0'C v oe|o(|c (eccso( ou(on¦e o|gún ¦|emcc
o eso ì', co(o c|o(|f|co(|c mós ¦o(oe cc( meo|c oe| f||¦(ooc. Se cc¦|ene es¦oc|||ooo oe| cc|c( v
oe |o ||mc|oez. |os sus¦onc|os c(ec|c|¦ooos v seco(ooos, vo nc fc(mon ccscs en e| fcnoc oe
|os cc¦e||os. Es un ¦(o¦om|en¦c ef|coz co(o v|ncs ou|ces no¦u(o|es v co(o |cs oe ||cc(. |o occ|cn
oe| f(|c c(couce ún|comen¦e ¦(onsfc(moc|cnes f|s|cos v |nsc|uc|||zoc|cnes. Se o|s¦|nguen
o|ve(sos c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes:

-P(ec|c|¦oc|cnes ¦ó(¦(|cos: |o sc|uc|||ooo oe |os so|es ¦ó(¦(|cos o|sm|nuve ou(on¦e |o
fe(men¦oc|cn oec|oc o |o fc(moc|cn oe o|ccnc|. |o sc|uc|||ooo oe| c|¦o(¦(ooc oe
cc¦os|c o|sm|nuve mucnc cuonoc |o ì' oesc|enoe. E| ¦o(¦(o¦c oe co|c|c es mencs
sens|c|e o |o ì'. |o go(on¦|o oe es¦oc|||ooo cf(ec|oo cc( |o (ef(|ge(oc|cn nc es
ocsc|u¦o: oec|oc o |o sc|uc|||ooo ccmc|e¦o oe| c|¦o(¦(o¦c oe cc¦os|c, ce(c
|nccmc|e¦o v ¦emcc(o| oe| ¦o(¦(o¦c oe co|c|c.

-P(ec|c|¦oc|cnes oe mo¦e(|os cc|c(on¦es: |cs v|ncs |cvenes ccseen uno co(¦e oe
sus mo¦e(|os cc|c(on¦es en es¦ooc cc|c|oo|: oe mcoc oue scn sc|uc|es o ì' nc(mo| v
|nsc|uc|es ccn e| f(|c. Nc(mo|men¦e, e| encc|ooc ccn ge|o¦|no, ccn o|cúm|no c ccn
cen¦cn|¦o, o((os¦(on e| cc|c(on¦e cc|c|oo|. /s| oue |cs ocs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs scn
eou|co(oc|es.

-Ò¦(os c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes: e| f(|c c(cvcco f|ccu|oc|cnes v fovc(ece c(ec|c|¦oc|cnes
cc|c|oo|es oe vo(|os c|oses: e| encc|ooc o co|o ì' es |guo|men¦e ef|coz co(o e|
f||¦(ooc oe v|ncs cc|mo¦on¦es, ce(c s|n ||ego( o ccnsegu|( uno es¦oc|||ooo cc|c|oo|
oef|n|¦|vo. |o (ef(|ge(oc|cn sue|e se( |nsuf|c|en¦e co(o osegu(o( |o cu(oc|cn oe| un v|nc
c(ccensc o |o ou|ec(o fe((|co.

|o (ef(|ge(oc|cn me|c(o ccns|oe(oc|emen¦e e| socc( oe |cs v|ncs |cvenes. /| c(ec|c|¦o( e|
c|¦o(¦(o¦c oe cc¦os|c, e| socc( oce(cc o|sm|nuve.















|o ef|coc|o oe| ¦(o¦om|en¦c oecenoe oe| n|ve| oe enf(|om|en¦c. Po(o cc¦ene( e| móx|mc
efec¦c, noce fo|¦o oescenoe( |o ì' |c mós co|o ccs|c|e. |os mcoo||oooes oe| ¦(o¦om|en¦c se
o|fe(enc|on cc( |o ou(oc|cn oe |o occ|cn oe| f(|c. S| se c(e¦enoe |o oefecoc|cn oe |o mo¦e(|o
cc|c(on¦e cos¦o(ó ccn uno ce(monenc|o oe 24 o 48 nc(os, c|o(|f|conoc oescues oe es¦os. S|
se ou|e(e ccnsegu|( uno cueno e||m|noc|cn oe |os so|es ¦ó(¦(|cos, |o ce(monenc|o oece se(
mós c(c|cngooo: 5 c ó o|os c, s| es c(ec|sc, nos¦o10 c 15.

S| e| v|nc se enf(|o cc( oeco|c oe |o ì' oe ccnge|oc|cn, se fc(mon c(|s¦o|es oe n|e|c,
ccns¦|¦u|ocs cc( oguo, vo oue e| o|ccnc| nc se sc||o|f|co. |o fc(moc|cn oe es¦cs c(|s¦o|es se
|mc|oe ccn e| (emcv|oc ccn¦|nuc. S| se fc(mon c(|s¦o|es se (e¦|(on cc( meo|c oe un seco(ooc(
cen¦(|fugc, cc¦en|enoc uno ccncen¦(oc|cn oe |o movc( co(¦e oe |cs ccmccnen¦es
c(ccc(c|cno| o |o o|sm|nuc|cn oe| vc|umen. E| óc|oc ¦ó(¦(|cc v e| cc¦os|c o|sm|nuven v |o
oc|oez f||o nc oumen¦o. Nc(mo|men¦e |o ccncen¦(oc|cn ocuso |cs oefec¦cs oe os¦(|ngenc|o v
oe oc|oez. Nc(mo|men¦e |o ccncen¦(oc|cn oe |cs v|ncs cc( meo|c oe| f(|c se emc|eo co(o
e|evo( e| g(ooc oe v|ncs oemos|ooc f|c|cs v osegu(o(|es su ccnse(voc|cnn v su
ccme(c|o||zoc|cn.

Otros trotom|entos op||codos o| v|no

Emc|ec oe |o Ben¦cn|¦o: |o c|o(|f|coc|cn oe |cs v|ncs cc( meo|c oe o(c|||os escec|o|es es un
c(cceo|m|en¦c muv on¦|guc. Se cueoe enccn¦(o( en fc(mo oe cc|vc c en fc(mo g(onu|ooo.
Es uno sus¦onc|o m|ne(o| oe |o fom|||o oe |os o(c|||os, c|os|f|cooos en ocs g(uccs: |os
ccmcues¦os oe coc||n|¦o |ccmc e| coc||nì, oe es¦(uc¦u(o c(|s¦o||zooo v ccn c(cc|eoooes oe
ocsc(c|cn escosos: v |os ccmcues¦os cc( mcn¦mc(|||cn|¦o |ccmc |o cen¦cn|¦oì, |o cuo| se
esccn|o ccns|oe(oc|emen¦e v f||o nos¦o o|ez veces su cesc en oguo: su co(óc¦e( cc|c|oo| v |o
co(go e|ec¦(cnego¦|vo oe sus co(¦|cu|os |e ccnf|e(en un fue(¦e ccoe( ocsc(cen¦e. Nc ¦coos |o
vo(|eoooes oe cen¦cn|¦o scn ccnven|en¦es co(o e| ¦(o¦om|en¦c oe |cs v|ncs. Po(o es¦e f|n se
sue|en emc|eo( cen¦cn|¦os sco|cos, ¦|enen (eocc|cn o|co||no. Es¦e ¦(o¦om|en¦c es e| (emeo|c
escec|f|cc oe |o ou|ec(o c(c¦e|co v |o oe |o cúc(|co o |o vez: es |o cose oe |o es¦oc|||zoc|cn
oe |o ||mc|oez oe |cs v|ncs c|onccs. |cs v|ncs encc|oocs ccn cen¦cn|¦o ce(monecen ||mc|ocs
ccn e| f(|c v nc seo|men¦on en |os cc¦e||os. |o c. f||o |os on¦cc|onos v oecc|c(o |cs v|ncs
(csoocs v |cs v|ncs moncnoocs.

Emc|ec oe |o Ocmo /(óc|go: ce(¦enece o| m|smc ¦|cc oe |cs cc|c|oes c(c¦ec¦c(es,
|mc|oe |o fc(moc|cn oe en¦u(c|om|en¦c v oe ccscs o| c|coueo( |o og|cme(oc|cn oe |os
co(¦|cu|os cc|c|oo|es: es¦oc|||zo e| en¦u(c|ooc cc|c|oo| oe| v|nc |en¦|f|conoc |o seo|men¦oc|cn v
ce(|uo|conoc |o c|o(|f|coc|cn. Sc|c se emc|eo en v|ncs vo ||mc|ocs. Se cueoe enccn¦(o( en
fc(mo oe |óg(|mos, ¦(cceooo v ¦omc|en en cc|vc. Se emc|eo en sc|uc|cn. Nc oece
emc|eo(se en v|ncs oue neces|¦en uno |o(go ccnse(voc|cn.

Emc|ec oe óc|oc me¦o¦ó(¦(|cc: sc|uc|cno |cs c(cc|emos oe es¦oc|||zoc|cn oe |cs v|ncs,
f(en¦e o |os ou|ec(os me¦ó||cos v c(c¦e|cos. P(cv|ene oe| óc|oc ¦ó(¦(|cc. Es un nc¦oc|e |nn|c|oc(
oe |o c(|s¦o||zoc|cn oe |os so|es ¦ó(¦(|cos. Su ef|coc|o oecenoe oe su |no|ce oe nem|cc|||óc¦|cc
oc¦|vc v oe su g(ooc oe ccnoensoc|cn. /o|c|cnooc o un v|nc se n|o(c||zo |en¦omen¦e,
¦(onsfc(monocse oe nuevc en óc|oc ¦ó(¦(|cc: |o ef|coc|o oe| óc|oc mo¦o¦ó(¦(|cc oecenoe oe
|o ì' oe ccnse(voc|cn oe| v|nc ¦(o¦ooc. Pueoe ¦o(oo( oe ccccs meses o o|gún onc en
c(c¦ege( oe| ¦coc o| v|nc ¦(o¦ooc v emcc¦e||ooc. Es occnse|oc|e ccnse(vo( |cs v|ncs ¦(o¦oocs
en covos f(escos. ¬ov oue oo|c|cno(|c c(ev|omen¦e o|sue|¦c en oguo: se emc|eo oescues oe














|cs ¦(o¦om|en¦cs v e| encc|ooc v on¦es oe| f||¦(ooc. Es ccnven|en¦e oumen¦o( |o ocs|s s| |cs
v|ncs scn muv óc|ocs, v nc es (eccmenooc|e ¦(o¦o( v|ncs oemos|ooc (|ccs en co|c|cs.

2 1 01 2 <2 3 1 # ( ' . . ' ' 1 0.. " ! # 0 1 0.: .1 * 0&* . 8 8 ' 7 "* ."* = -0 > ' - : .2 1 01 2 <2 3 & ' -.

= ? ! ( . 7 " . # & = ? ' . ! 7 ! 9 ! # 9 # ( ! 8 ' 7 ' . 1 : . 7 8 ( A 0 @ @ 8 ABC . 7 @ % ' DE% AB ! - 8 . # " ( 8 9 9 ( ' 7 ' 9 ( % DD% = F ' . 1 7 ! ' ! .

' ' 8 ' 7 G%C ! - 9 " 8 7 ! (' ' & & ' ' ' " ! ! # = 0 1 0.2 1 01 2 <2 3 "* . <2= . .01 2 3 ' ( ! 7 : 7 8 ! 8 8 7 7 7 .

( ' ' 7 8 7 ' - ' 8 HD 7 ( # ! 7 7 7 ( 7 7 H ' D A $ ! ( ! ! ' ! ! 7 ( " " 7 ( ! - # ' .

! " 7 . 1 ! " 9 # ' ' ' I< - J ( ! ' ! #$ ! . = . ( 7 ' 7 8& 81 ! .

muy activos Estado del vino / Madurez Joven Coloración intensa y cubierta Estado soluble Maduro Ácido Tartárico cristalitzado Taninos (color amarillo). ( ". 7 ' - ! .-. ". más suave Estado insoluble Polimerización de los polifenoles Antocianos (carga – .Naturaleza de les precipitaciones Contenidos del Vino Ácido Tartárico Antocianos (color rojo.* 1 -&2 2 = . &. menos activos sal Coloració menos intensa. carga -) Taninos (color amarillo).* .= 2 2 "2 1 4 . ( . aparición del color de los taninos Vino menos activo.2 * .2 1 2 * .* 0+2 501 3 ! 0 " 8 7 " ! ' ( 7 M . menos activa) Chemise du Vin: sedimentos que aparecen internamente en toda la botella % K % & K : : L . &. +>.

0. . ' 8 7 9 " ."-1 = 0 0. O K2 * -+. : D%N1 .= 2 2 0+2 501 3 (# ) ..-. 4 -= 2 0. 0 1 *' ' # 7 D A ' ' . - 8 ' 7 9 : # ' ! . - 7 8" 8K 8 0 K ! K -. ' ' ' ' ' ( ( .

' : . < 7 .. D$ ' ( ! - . ' ' A $ L ( # ' " ( ( 9 " ' ' ' - ( # ( < ' 7 M - ' ! > ! (# + K 7 7 ' 9 . . (' 9 ' ! . = ' ' 7 * ! 7 ( .

<P 1 * .9 ( 9 7 8 8 = 04 2 = . ' ! ! HBBC & ! ' ' ' " ' ' 7 9 9 ! . 0" 2 0&* .0= .* .2 1 . 0 /2 * . ' ( ' . = ? A 0 8 - ' - ! K 9 . ' " ! 7 ( H & D .

= ? BN1 ! .$ " " G%N1 QBN1 K % . ' = ? = 7 # = ? 0 ! $ 1 = ? - ! . 9 9 7 8" ' = ? ( 7 ' = ? - . 8" 7 ( 0 ! = ? 9 8* 7 ( ! = ? ! ! 0 .

! ! ' = ? . " : ( ! + 7 ! . E ! ' . - 7 " ." ' = ? ! D$ (% . . 7 . : ! ' ( " 9 ! ' R ( ! . 0 7 ( . $F ' HB H% ' . . . 0 ( ' 9 ! ( # ' ' = ? " .

- .