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The Charlie Chaplin Handbook - Everything you need to know about Charlie Chaplin

The Charlie Chaplin Handbook - Everything you need to know about Charlie Chaplin

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Publicado porEmereo Publishing
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977), known as Charlie Chaplin, was an English comic actor, film director and composer of the silent film era. He became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films, by 1916 he was also producing them, and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919.
Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer, until close to his death at the age of 88. His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's identification with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s.
In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time.



This book is your ultimate resource for Charlie Chaplin. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.



In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Charlie Chaplin filmography, Kid Auto Races at Venice, Mabel's Strange Predicament, Between Showers, A Film Johnnie, Tango Tangles, His Favourite Pastime, Cruel, Cruel Love, The Star Boarder, Mabel at the Wheel, Twenty Minutes of Love, Caught in a Cabaret, Caught in the Rain, A Busy Day, The Fatal Mallet, Her Friend the Bandit, The Knockout, Mabel's Busy Day, Mabel's Married Life, Laughing Gas (1914 film), The Property Man, The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film), Recreation (film), The Masquerader, His New Profession, The Rounders (1914 film), The New Janitor, Those Love Pangs, Dough and Dynamite, Gentlemen of Nerve, His Musical Career, His Trysting Place, Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film), Getting Acquainted, His Prehistoric Past, His New Job, A Night Out (film), The Champion (1915 film), In the Park, A Jitney Elopement, The Tramp (film), By the Sea (1915 film), Work (1915 film), A Woman, The Bank (1915 film), Shanghaied (1915 film), A Night in the Show, Burlesque on Carmen, Police (1916 film), Triple Trouble (1918 film), The Floorwalker, The Fireman (film), The Vagabond (film), One A.M., The Count (film), The Pawnshop, Behind the Screen, The Rink (film), Easy Street (film), The Cure (1917 film), The Immigrant, The Adventurer (film), A Dog's Life, The Chaplin Revue, The Bond, Shoulder Arms, Sunnyside (film), A Day's Pleasure, The Kid (1921 film), The Idle Class, Pay Day (1922 film), The Pilgrim (film), City Lights, A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus (film), Modern Times (film), The Great Dictator, Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight (film), A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong, The Professor (film), A Woman of the Sea, The Freak, His Regeneration, The Tramp, Souls for Sale, Show People, Felix in Hollywood, Chaplin (film), The Cat's Meow


Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977), known as Charlie Chaplin, was an English comic actor, film director and composer of the silent film era. He became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films, by 1916 he was also producing them, and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919.
Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer, until close to his death at the age of 88. His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's identification with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s.
In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time.



This book is your ultimate resource for Charlie Chaplin. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.



In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Charlie Chaplin filmography, Kid Auto Races at Venice, Mabel's Strange Predicament, Between Showers, A Film Johnnie, Tango Tangles, His Favourite Pastime, Cruel, Cruel Love, The Star Boarder, Mabel at the Wheel, Twenty Minutes of Love, Caught in a Cabaret, Caught in the Rain, A Busy Day, The Fatal Mallet, Her Friend the Bandit, The Knockout, Mabel's Busy Day, Mabel's Married Life, Laughing Gas (1914 film), The Property Man, The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film), Recreation (film), The Masquerader, His New Profession, The Rounders (1914 film), The New Janitor, Those Love Pangs, Dough and Dynamite, Gentlemen of Nerve, His Musical Career, His Trysting Place, Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film), Getting Acquainted, His Prehistoric Past, His New Job, A Night Out (film), The Champion (1915 film), In the Park, A Jitney Elopement, The Tramp (film), By the Sea (1915 film), Work (1915 film), A Woman, The Bank (1915 film), Shanghaied (1915 film), A Night in the Show, Burlesque on Carmen, Police (1916 film), Triple Trouble (1918 film), The Floorwalker, The Fireman (film), The Vagabond (film), One A.M., The Count (film), The Pawnshop, Behind the Screen, The Rink (film), Easy Street (film), The Cure (1917 film), The Immigrant, The Adventurer (film), A Dog's Life, The Chaplin Revue, The Bond, Shoulder Arms, Sunnyside (film), A Day's Pleasure, The Kid (1921 film), The Idle Class, Pay Day (1922 film), The Pilgrim (film), City Lights, A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus (film), Modern Times (film), The Great Dictator, Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight (film), A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong, The Professor (film), A Woman of the Sea, The Freak, His Regeneration, The Tramp, Souls for Sale, Show People, Felix in Hollywood, Chaplin (film), The Cat's Meow


Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on May 26, 2011
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10/31/2014

Sections

  • Charlie Chaplin filmography
  • Kid Auto Races at Venice
  • Mabel's Strange Predicament
  • Between Showers
  • A Film Johnnie
  • Tango Tangles
  • His Favourite Pastime
  • Cruel, Cruel Love
  • The Star Boarder
  • Mabel at the Wheel
  • Twenty Minutes of Love
  • Caught in a Cabaret
  • Caught in the Rain
  • A Busy Day
  • The Fatal Mallet
  • Her Friend the Bandit
  • The Knockout
  • Mabel's Busy Day
  • Mabel's Married Life
  • Laughing Gas (1914 film)
  • The Property Man
  • The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film)
  • Recreation (film)
  • The Masquerader
  • His New Profession
  • The Rounders (1914 film)
  • The New Janitor
  • Those Love Pangs
  • Dough and Dynamite
  • Gentlemen of Nerve
  • His Musical Career
  • His Trysting Place
  • Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film)
  • Getting Acquainted
  • His Prehistoric Past
  • His New Job
  • A Night Out (film)
  • The Champion (1915 film)
  • In the Park
  • A Jitney Elopement
  • The Tramp (film)
  • By the Sea (1915 film)
  • Work (1915 film)
  • A Woman
  • The Bank (1915 film)
  • Shanghaied (1915 film)
  • A Night in the Show
  • Burlesque on Carmen
  • Police (1916 film)
  • Triple Trouble (1918 film)
  • The Floorwalker
  • The Fireman (film)
  • The Vagabond (film)
  • One A.M
  • The Count (film)
  • The Pawnshop
  • Behind the Screen
  • The Rink (film)
  • Easy Street (film)
  • The Cure (1917 film)
  • The Immigrant
  • The Adventurer (film)
  • A Dog's Life
  • The Chaplin Revue
  • The Bond
  • Shoulder Arms
  • Sunnyside (film)
  • A Day's Pleasure
  • The Kid (1921 film)
  • The Idle Class
  • Pay Day (1922 film)
  • The Pilgrim (film)
  • City Lights
  • A Woman of Paris
  • The Gold Rush
  • The Circus (film)
  • Modern Times (film)
  • The Great Dictator
  • Monsieur Verdoux
  • Limelight (film)
  • A King in New York
  • A Countess from Hong Kong
  • The Professor (film)
  • A Woman of the Sea
  • The Freak
  • His Regeneration
  • The Tramp
  • Souls for Sale
  • Show People
  • Felix in Hollywood
  • Chaplin (film)
  • The Cat's Meow
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977), known as Charlie Chaplin, was an English comic

actor, film director and composer of the silent film era. He became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films, by 1916 he was also producing them, and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919. Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer, until close to his death at the age of 88. His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin’s identification with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time. This book is your ultimate resource for Charlie Chaplin. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Charlie Chaplin filmography, Kid Auto Races at Venice, Mabel’s Strange Predicament, Between Showers, A Film Johnnie, Tango Tangles, His Favourite Pastime, Cruel, Cruel Love, The Star Boarder, Mabel at the Wheel, Twenty Minutes of Love, Caught in a Cabaret, Caught in the Rain, A Busy Day, The Fatal Mallet, Her Friend the Bandit, The Knockout, Mabel’s Busy Day, Mabel’s Married Life, Laughing Gas (1914 film), The Property Man, The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film), Recreation (film), The Masquerader, His New Profession, The Rounders (1914 film), The New Janitor, Those Love Pangs, Dough and Dynamite, Gentlemen of Nerve, His Musical Career, His Trysting Place, Tillie’s Punctured Romance (1914 film), Getting Acquainted, His Prehistoric Past, His New Job, A Night Out (film), The Champion (1915 film), In the Park, A Jitney Elopement, The Tramp (film), By the Sea (1915 film), Work (1915 film), A Woman, The Bank (1915 film), Shanghaied (1915 film), A Night in the Show, Burlesque on Carmen, Police (1916 film), Triple Trouble (1918 film), The Floorwalker, The Fireman (film), The Vagabond (film), One A.M., The Count (film), The Pawnshop, Behind the Screen, The Rink (film), Easy Street (film), The Cure (1917 film), The Immigrant, The Adventurer (film), A Dog’s Life, The Chaplin Revue, The Bond, Shoulder Arms, Sunnyside (film), A Day’s Pleasure, The Kid (1921 film), The Idle Class, Pay Day (1922 film), The Pilgrim (film), City Lights, A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus (film), Modern Times (film), The Great Dictator, Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight (film), A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong, The Professor (film), A Woman of the Sea, The Freak, His Regeneration, The Tramp, Souls for Sale, Show People, Felix in Hollywood, Chaplin (film), The Cat’s Meow Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

Charlie Chaplin
Handbook
Everything you need to know about Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin

The

Charlie Chaplin

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Charlie Chaplin filmography Charlie Chaplin Kid Auto Races at Venice Mabel's Strange Predicament Between Showers A Film Johnnie Tango Tangles His Favourite Pastime Cruel, Cruel Love The Star Boarder Mabel at the Wheel Twenty Minutes of Love Caught in a Cabaret Caught in the Rain A Busy Day The Fatal Mallet Her Friend the Bandit The Knockout Mabel's Busy Day Mabel's Married Life Laughing Gas (1914 film) The Property Man The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) Recreation (film) The Masquerader His New Profession The Rounders (1914 film) The New Janitor Those Love Pangs Dough and Dynamite Gentlemen of Nerve His Musical Career His Trysting Place Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 1 11 31 33 35 37 38 40 41 43 44 46 47 49 50 51 53 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 67 69 71 73 75 76 78 80 82 84

The Count (film) The Pawnshop Behind the Screen The Rink (film) Easy Street (film) The Cure (1917 film) The Immigrant The Adventurer (film) A Dog's Life The Chaplin Revue The Bond Shoulder Arms Sunnyside (film) A Day's Pleasure The Kid (1921 film) The Idle Class Pay Day (1922 film) 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101 103 105 107 109 111 113 115 117 119 123 125 127 129 131 133 135 138 140 142 144 147 149 151 155 157 159 161 163 166 168 .M.Getting Acquainted His Prehistoric Past His New Job A Night Out (film) The Champion (1915 film) In the Park A Jitney Elopement The Tramp (film) By the Sea (1915 film) Work (1915 film) A Woman The Bank (1915 film) Shanghaied (1915 film) A Night in the Show Burlesque on Carmen Police (1916 film) Triple Trouble (1918 film) The Floorwalker The Fireman (film) The Vagabond (film) One A.

The Pilgrim (film) City Lights A Woman of Paris The Gold Rush The Circus (film) Modern Times (film) The Great Dictator Monsieur Verdoux Limelight (film) A King in New York A Countess from Hong Kong The Professor (film) A Woman of the Sea The Freak His Regeneration The Tramp Souls for Sale Show People Felix in Hollywood Chaplin (film) The Cat's Meow 170 172 177 180 184 188 192 201 203 206 208 211 212 213 214 215 218 221 224 225 229 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources. Licenses and Contributors 234 239 Article Licenses License 241 .

1929. City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) were essentially silent films. although they were made with soundtracks consisting of music and sound effects.[5] Chaplin eventually settled in Switzerland. A Countess from Hong Kong (1967). He made his last two films in England. In 2010.[8] For his work in motion pictures. comedian. City Lights (1931). Griffith. The filmography consisted of 80 motion pictures released since 1914.[4] He remained a British subject and. although many were re-issued with soundtracks. which he denied.Charlie Chaplin filmography 1 Charlie Chaplin filmography Charlie Chaplin was a British film actor. Aside from A Countess From Hong Kong. My Autobiography. with talking sequences in the latter film. an early Keystone film hitherto thought lost. all of Chaplin's films were photographed in . Chaplin: His Life and Art. a corporation he co-founded with [3] Mary Pickford. During his lifetime Chaplin received three awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. initially releasing them through First National Charlie Chaplin in his "Tramp" persona and then through United Artists. The following year Chaplin's score for Limelight received the Academy Award for Best Music. where he remained for the rest of his life. Modern Times (1936). musician and music composer whose work in motion pictures spanned from 1914 until 1967. director. During his time at Keystone he began writing and directing some of the films in which he starred. five of the films Chaplin starred in have been added to the National Film Registry: The Immigrant (1917). Although 20 years old by this time. Douglas Fairbanks. writer. During his early years in film he became established as a worldwide cinematic idol renowned for his tramp persona. and had not been eligible for Academy Award consideration before then. an 82nd film was added with the discovery of A Thief Catcher. [1] Chaplin was born in London and began acting on stage at the age of nine. Chaplin has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[7] As of 2009. while travelling to England in 1952 to attend the premiere of his film. directing.[6] [7] In 1972 he returned to the United States after nearly two decades to receive another honorary award. his American re-entry permit was rescinded.[10] All of Chaplin's films up to and including The Circus (1928) were silent.[9] Official films In 1965 Chaplin established his official filmography with the publication of his book. Also selected was Show People (1928). During the 1910s and 1920s he was considered the most famous person on the planet. Chaplin's last five films were all talking pictures. producer. he accepted a contract to work for Mack Sennett's Keystone film company. and D. he won an honorary award for writing. The Gold Rush (1925). In the late 1940s and early 1950s Chaplin was accused of being a Communist sympathizer.[2] In 1913. and acting in The Circus (1928). Further detail was added to it in David Robinson's 1985 biography. At the first Academy Awards ceremony. and The Great Dictator (1940). W. In 1918 Chaplin began producing his own films. as the 81st entry. held on May 16. producing.[7] Chaplin also received Academy Award nominations in 1940 for Best Actor and Best Original Screenplay for The Great Dictator and in 1947 for his screenplay of Monsieur Verdoux. which included Chaplin's last film. which features Chaplin in an unbilled cameo appearance. this time for his overall achievements in cinema. Chaplin signed with the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company in 1915 and the year after with the Mutual Film Corporation. Limelight. Limelight had not been released in the Los Angeles area until 1972. while on tour in the United States with Fred Karno's comedy group.

and The Films of Charlie Chaplin (1965) by Gerald D. 1914 March 16. Cruel Love The Star Boarder Mabel at the Wheel Twenty Minutes of Love Caught in a Cabaret Caught in the Rain A Busy Day The Fatal Mallet Her Friend the Bandit Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Slicker Tramp Released on a split-reel (i. all produced by Mack Sennett. 1914 February 19. 1914 April 4.e. 1914 Mabel's Busy Day Referee Tipsy Nuisance . and annotations presented here are derived from Chaplin's autobiography. 1914 March 26. Except where noted all films were one reel in length. 1914 April 27. Co-director: Mabel Normand Two reels Released on a split-reel with an educational short. 1914 The Knockout June 13. 1914 June 1. 2 Keystone Chaplin appeared in 36 films for Keystone Studios. 1914 March 2. and Mark Ricci. Except where otherwise referenced. The Morning Papers Two reels Co-writer: Mabel Normand Two reels [10] Print discovered in 2010 June 11. 1914 February 7.Charlie Chaplin filmography 35mm black and white. 1914 May 7. 1914 April 18. character names. Michael Conway. Robinson's book. the release dates. 1914 April 20. The only known Chaplin lost film. 1914 Making a Living Kid Auto Races at Venice Mabel's Strange Predicament A Thief Catcher Between Showers A Film Johnnie Tango Tangles His Favorite Pastime Cruel. Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director February 2. two films on one reel) with an education film. 1914 May 4. Olives and Trees Role Notes Tramp A Policeman Masher The Film Johnnie Tipsy Dancer Drinker Lord Helpus The Star boarder Villain Pickpocket Waiter Tipsy Hotel Guest Wife Suitor Bandit [11] A lost film. 1914 March 9. 1914 February 28. 1914 June 4. McDonald. 1914 February 9.

Except where noted all films are two-reelers. 1914 November 7. all produced by Jesse T. 1914 September 14. 1914 Getting Acquainted His Prehistoric Past Essanay Chaplin wrote. 1914 August 27. by A. The Yosemite Co-writer: Mabel Normand 3 November 14. 1914 Mabel's Married Life July 9. 1914 November 9. a City Slicker Yes Yes Yes Yes Spouse Weakchin Two reels Two reels Six reels From the play. 1914 October 26. 1914 December 7. . 1914 October 10. 1914 August 31. directed. 1914 August 1. Baldwin Sloane and Edgar Smith Two reels Co-writer: Mack Sennett Two reels Based on the poem by Hugh Antoine d'Arcy Released as a split-reel with a travel short. Robbins. Tille's Nightmare. Tillie's Punctured 1914 Romance December 5. 1914 Laughing Gas The Property Man The Face on the Bar Room Floor Recreation The Masquerader His New Profession The Rounders The New Janitor Those Love Pangs Dough and Dynamite Gentlemen of Nerve His Musical Career His Trysting Place Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Mabel's Husband Dentist's Assistant The Property Man Artist Tramp Film Actor Charlie Reveller Janitor Masher Waiter Impecunious Track Enthisiast Piano Mover Husband Charlie. and starred in 15 films for the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company. 1914 August 13. 1914 October 29. 1914 September 7. 1914 August 10.Charlie Chaplin filmography June 20.

1915 August 9. 1915 April 11. 1915 July 12. 1916 August 11. 1915 April 1. 1915 April 29. the Fake Count The Tramp Stroller Decorator's Apprentice Charlie / "The Woman" Janitor Charlie Mr. directed. 1915 April 11. 1915 June 21. Life. 1915 November 18. as an unauthorized four-reeler with new footage shot and assembled by Leo White Yes Yes Yes Yes Ex-Convict Janitor Compilation assembled by Leo White with scenes from Police and an unfinished short. Mutual Chaplin wrote. 1915 November 20. produced. along with new material shot by White. All of the Mutual releases are two reels in length . Pest and Mr. 1915 December 18. Rowdy Darn Hosiery One reel One reel debut of Edna Purviance Notes His New Job A Night Out The Champion In the Park A Jitney Elopement The Tramp By the Sea Work A Woman The Bank Shanghaied A Night in the Show Burlesque on 'Carmen' Police Triple Trouble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Re-issued on April 22. 1915 February 15.Charlie Chaplin filmography 4 Release date February 1. 1916. 1915 May 27. which formed Lone Star Studios solely for Chaplin's films. 1918 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Film Extra Reveller Aspiring Pugilist Charlie Suitor. Chaplin includes this production in the filmography of his autobiography. 1915 October 4. and starred in 12 films for the Mutual Film Corporation.

produced. 1921 April 2. 1919 December 15. 1919 February 6. 1916 September 4. 1916 June 12. 1916 November 13. 1917 April 16. 1916 January 22. 1916 October 2. 1921 September 25. Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director April 14. 1918 The Bond Shoulder Arms Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Tramp Recruit May 15. directed. The Chaplin Revue Three reels Two reels Six reels Two reels Two reels Notes September 29. and starred in nine films for his own production company between 1918 and 1923. These films were distributed by First National. 1917 June 17. 1918 October 20. 1916 July 10. 1922 Sunnyside A Day's Pleasure The Kid The Idle Class Pay Day Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Farm Handyman Father Tramp Tramp / Husband Laborer . 1916 August 7. Co stars brother Sydney Chaplin Three reels Score composed for compilation. The Count The Pawnshop Behind the Screen The Rink Easy Street The Cure The Immigrant Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Added to the National Film [12] Registry in 1998 October 22. 1916 December 4.M. 1917 The Adventurer Yes Yes Yes Escaped Convict First National Chaplin wrote.Charlie Chaplin filmography 5 Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Impecunious Customer Fireman Street Musician Drunk Tailor's Apprentice Pawnbroker's Assistant Property Man's Assistant Waiter and Skating Enthusiast Vagabond recruited to Police Force Alcoholic Gentleman at Spa Immigrant Notes May 15. The Chaplin Revue Half-reel. 1917 The Floorwalker The Fireman The Vagabond One A. 1918 A Dog's Life Yes Yes Yes Yes Role Tramp Three reels Score composed for compilation.

1923 The Pilgrim Yes Yes Yes Yes Escaped Convict Four reels Score composed for compilation. 1923 June 26. 1940 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director A Woman of Paris The Gold Rush The Circus City Lights Modern Times The Great Dictator Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Role Porter Lone Prospector Tramp Tramp A Worker Adenoid Hynkel / The Barber Chaplin has a small cameo role Notes Score composed for 1942 re-issue [13] Added to the National Film Registry in 1992 Score composed for 1970 re-issue [14] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Added to the National Film Registry in 1991 Added to the National Film Registry in 1989 [15] [16] Added to the National Film Registry in 1997 [7] Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated – Academy Award for Best Writing [7] (Original Screenplay).Charlie Chaplin filmography February 26. Chaplin learned that his American re-entry permit was rescinded. 1952 Limelight Yes Yes Yes Yes British productions In 1952. As a result his last two films were made in England. . Limelight. Beginning with City Lights Chaplin wrote the musical scores for his films as well. 1931 February 5. April 11. The Chaplin Revue 6 United Artists Chaplin began releasing his films through United Artists in 1923. 1928 February 6. Release date September 26. From this point on all of his films were of feature length. He produced. 1925 January 6. while travelling to England to attend the première of his film. 1947 Monsieur Verdoux Yes Yes Yes Yes Monsieur Henri Based on an idea by Orson Welles[17] Verdoux Nominated – Academy Award for Best Writing [7] (Original Screenplay) Calvero Pulled from American screens shortly after its release when Chaplin became a political exile from the United [18] States Academy Award for Best Music (Scoring) (Awarded in 1973 when the film became first eligible for Academy [7] Award consideration via Los Angeles screenings.) October 16. 1936 October 15. and wrote these eight films and starred in all but the first. directed.

1922 1926 1933 The Professor Nice and Friendly A Woman of the Sea All at Sea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Himself Professor Bosco Villain 1966–1975 The Freak Yes Compilations Essanay produced three compilations without Chaplin's authority (to which he took legal action). although parts were used in The Chaplin Revue (see below) Reconstructed in 1981 by Kevin Brownlow and David [19] Gill A charity film co-starring Harry Lauder Slated as a two-reeler. 1933 Himself An 11-minute home movie shot by Alistair Cooke onboard Chaplin's boat. and featuring Cooke with Chaplin [20] and Paulette Goddard A production planned for Chaplin's daughter. 1957 January 5.Charlie Chaplin filmography 7 Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role King Shahdov An Old Steward Notes September 12. Uncompleted or unreleased films Year(s) Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director 1915–1916 Life 1918 How to Make Movies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Himself Role Uncompleted. . Chaplin has several unfinished works in his body of work. Chaplin produced his own compilation in 1959 and was involved in the making of another in 1975. Victoria Notes (untitled film) 1919 c. although parts were used in The Essanay-Chaplin Revue (see below) Never assembled. 1967 A King in New York A Countess from Hong Kong Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes An Attica-Archway production Not released in the United States until 1967 A Universal Production in Panavision and Technicolor Produced by Jerome Epstein Chaplin has a small cameo role Other film appearances In addition to his official 82 films. Panacea. He made several cameo appearances as himself and was featured in several compilation films. but never issued Improvised sketch Completed but never released Chaplin had the negative burned on June 24.

Released in England. edited by Langford Reed. Chaplin made cameo appearances as himself in the following films: Year Title Notes 1915 1921 His Regeneration The Nut Chaplin's footage does not appear in surviving prints.Charlie Chaplin filmography 8 Release date March 31. 1959 1975 The Chaplin Revue Yes Yes Yes Yes The Gentleman Tramp Cameos In addition to his own productions of A Woman of Paris (1923) and A Countess From Hong Kong (1967). 1916 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Notes Introducing Charlie Chaplin The Essanay-Chaplin Revue Zepped Yes Yes Ex-convict Promo film intended for exhibitors to show as a prologue to Chaplin films Compiled by Leo White from portions of Police and Life with new material directed by White Unauthorized by Chaplin. Unauthorized by Chaplin Tramp / Recruit / Escaped Convict / Himself Compiled from A Dog's Life. A propaganda piece of which a seven-minute reel was discovered in [21] 2009 Yes Yes A seven-reel montage of Essanay films. 1915 September 23. Shoulder Arms. and How to Make Movies A compilation documentary featuring new scenes of Chaplin at his home in Switzerland 1916 May 1918 Chase Me Charlie September 25. although one sequence that does survive features an unknown actor [22] in Chaplin's tramp persona Shown on the set of A Woman of Paris Lost film [23] [24] 1923 Souls for Sale Hollywood 1928 Show People Added to the National Film Registry in 2003 Addendum Cartoons Chaplin "appeared" as himself in the following animated cartoon shorts: . The Pilgrim.

"Hooray for Hollywood — Librarian Names 25 More Films to National Registry" (http:/ / www. Retrieved September 29. 12. [13] "25 American films are added to the National Film Registry" (http:/ / news. . Library of Congress. Robinson 1985. 1992. home movie of Chaplin emerges after discovery" (http:/ / www. "Librarian of Congress Names 25 New Films to National Film Registry" (http:/ / www. gov/ film/ titles. com/ hostednews/ canadianpress/ article/ ALeqM5iCItmBB9_tVi-k0eK31CvqVjnGVg). 1997). [7] "The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences" (http:/ / www. 2010. p. html). google. 2009. "Charlie Chaplin Film Found At An Antique Sale. loc. St. 2010). p. [17] Robinson 1985. . "Shot by young Alistair Cooke. 2009. org/ awards/ academyawards/ about/ history. 2010. [14] Andrews. google. Retrieved September 29. 2009. Robinson 1985. 2009. Retrieved September 30. Press release. Retrieved April 10. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] . hollywoodchamber. . Retrieved June 9. 1991). [15] "Films Selected to The National Film Registry. 267. Retrieved October 18. Retrieved October 18. Louis Post-Dispatch. html). charliechaplin. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 30. . [18] Robinson 1985. html). p. 2009. 2010. Library of Congress. John (2010). org/ ). gov/ loc/ lcib/ 9812/ film. net/ index. Eddie Izzard References Footnotes McDonald. 2009. 579. loc. com/ 2010/ 06/ 08/ charlie-chaplin-film-found-at-an-antique-sale-once-thought-lost/ ). oscars. [16] Library of Congress (November 18. loc. The Canadian Press. [9] "The Hollywood Walk of Fame" (http:/ / www. . pp. 572. html). Once Thought Lost" (http:/ / criterioncast. [11] Robinson 1985. Joshua (June 8. Jr.Charlie Chaplin filmography 9 Year 1923 1933 1936 Title Felix in Hollywood Series Felix the Cat Mickey's Gala Premiere Mickey Mouse Mickey's Polo Team Mickey Mouse Dramatic films about Chaplin Chaplin's life has been dramatized in the following films: Year 1989 1992 2001 Title Actor playing Chaplin Young Charlie Chaplin Joe Geary (six-part BBC mini-series) Chaplin The Cat's Meow Robert Downey. December 7. The Courier. [19] The film was reconstructed based on the titles and cutting order for a film entitled How Moving Pictures are Made however the Brownlow and Gill versions alters and omits titles and inserts additional scenes not referred to in the script How to Make Movies (http:/ / www. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=SL& p_theme=sl& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0EB04D5F1431ADB1& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). Library of Congress 1989-2009" (http:/ / www. Library of Congress. 122. Library of Congress 1989–2008" (http:/ / www. Inc. oscars. . php?module=wof). 2009. org. "25 Films Designated For Preservation" (http:/ / nl. Retrieved November 25. 647. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Press release. uk/ How_to_Make_Movies) from the Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia [20] Curran. . Note: Type in "Charlie Chaplin" [10] Brunsting. (October 11. 519–520. 544–549. . 2009. gov/ today/ pr/ 1997/ 97-200. Robinson 1985. . p. [8] "Films Selected to The National Film Registry. "History of the Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. . The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Conway & Ricci 1965/1974. newsbank. gov/ film/ titles. loc. 2010. The Criterion Cast. Roberts M. . p.2097601). html). Robinson 1985. 2009. 2010. com/ newspapers?id=aScOAAAAIBAJ& sjid=sX0DAAAAIBAJ& pg=2213. [12] Library of Congress (November 16. Retrieved September 29. pp. 1998). Associated Press. 2009. p. Retrieved July 22.

uk/ culture/ 2009/ nov/ 05/ charlie-chaplin-ebay-reel-tin). "25 Films Added to National Film Registry" (http:/ / www. [22] Vance. com/ PSFL/ data/ H/ Hollywood1923.S. html). Retrieved 2010-01-23. ISBN 978-09520-25667-5. Mark (1965/1974).org/index. html).Charlie Chaplin filmography [21] Charlotte Higgins (November 5. New York.charliechaplin. Penguin Classics. Jeffrey.com/TandN/). "Collector finds unseen Charlie Chaplin film in tin sold for £3. London. gov/ today/ pr/ 2003/ 03-211. Tony Maietta. 2009. 91. • "Chaplin Film Locations: Then & Now" (http://jerre. Press release. The Films of Charlie Chaplin. • Vance.php). Chaplin: His Life and Art. David (1985). Louis. Cushman. [23] "Progressive Silent Film List: Hollywood" (http:/ / www. 2009. Michael. Hamburg. Retrieved September 27. . Retrieved September 27. Ricci. Berkeley and Los Angeles. • McDonald. My Autobiography. Retrieved September 30. guardian. co. 2009. [24] Library of Congress (December 16. p. silentera. Douglas Fairbanks. 2009. ISBN 0-07-053181-1. England: University of California Press. Silent Era.A. External links • "Charlie Chaplin: Official Website" (http://www. • "Internet Archive" (http://www. Retrieved November 10.archive. St. 2009). The Guardian. California. Secaucus. Maietta. Gerald D. . Retrieved September 30.com/). San Francisco. 2003). Conway.20 on eBay" (http:/ / www. . New Jersey: Citadel Press. ISBN 978-0141011479. Robert Cushman (2008). 2009. Roy Export S. 10 Bibliography • Chaplin. Mexico: McGraw-Hill. Charles (2003). ISBN 978-08065-0197-0. loc. ©1996–2009 JERRE. (Features Chaplin films online) .. • Robinson.

KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977). and continued well into the era of the talkies. Switzerland Film. though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. by 1916 he was also producing them. and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford. he was gigantic. which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914.[5] His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years. United Kingdom 25 December 1977 (aged 88)Vevey. In 1915. Martin Sieff. wrote: "Chaplin was not just 'big'. he .[3] From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films. was an English comic actor. 1943–1977) 8 children Spouse Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin. film director and composer of the silent film era. London. Vaud. in a review of the book Chaplin: A Life. Chaplin used mime. 1918–1921) 1 child Lita Grey (m.[2] He became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. visual comedy Milton Berle Rowan Atkinson Johnny Depp Mildred Harris (m. His most famous role was that of The Tramp. Chaplin's identification with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s. the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time. until close to his death at the age of 88. known as Charlie Chaplin. music.[4] Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era.[6] In 2008. W. mime. In 1999. to whom he dedicated one of his films. Douglas Fairbanks and D. he co-founded United Artists in 1919. mimicry British Died Medium Nationality Years active 1895–1976[1] Genres Influenced Slapstick. from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer. He was influenced by his predecessor. 1924–1927) 2 children Paulette Goddard (m. 1936–1942) Oona O'Neill (m. slapstick and other visual comedy routines.Charlie Chaplin 11 Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Birth name Born Charles Spencer Chaplin 16 April 1889Walworth. His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Griffith. the French silent movie comedian Max Linder.

he laid it on thick about his unrequited love. The Eight Lancashire Lads.”[22] . London. Charles Chaplin Sr. She had forgotten his name but. Chaplin was brought in from the provinces to play Billy.[9] (In 2011. Chester Street and 39 Methley Street. Chaplin resided at 94 Ferndale Road.[13] though he described it in his autobiography as "the skeleton in our family cupboard". Saintsbury took Chaplin under his wing and taught him to marshal his talents. moving after several weeks to the Central London District School for paupers in Hanwell. Chaplin also lived with his mother in various addresses in and around Kennington Road in Lambeth. Staffordshire.[11] They separated before Charlie was three. but [21] his love went unrequited and Doro returned to America with Gillette when the production closed. The 1891 census shows that his mother lived with Charlie and his older half-brother Sydney on Barlow Street. his father. Walworth. written to him in the 1970s. written by William Gillette and starring English actor H. as part of a troupe of young male dancers. It was during this engagement that the teenage Chaplin fell hopelessly in love with Doro. Over the next 25 years. Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr. but the play did not go over well. Louise.[19] A larynx condition ended the singing career of Chaplin's mother. A. supposedly in East Street. Saintsbury. Hannah Chaplin.. As a small child. they simply “dined quietly in Marie’s apartment alone. a singer and an actress who went by the stage name Lilly Harley. The Painful Predicament of Sherlock Holmes as a joke on the British press. as Kenneth Lynn pointed out. “Chaplin would not have been Chaplin if he had simply dined quietly with Marie. In 1905 Gillette came to England with Marie Doro to debut his new play. suggesting that he had been born in a gypsy caravan at Black Patch Park in Smethwick. Nothing came of it until two years later. His father died of cirrhosis when Charlie was twelve in 1901.[12] a fact of which he was extremely proud. Over dinner. Instead.[8] 12 Biography Early life in London (1889–1909) Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889. came to light.[17] As of the 1901 Census. In 1903 Chaplin secured the role of Billy the pageboy in Sherlock Holmes. at 287 Kennington Road. pleasure and relief to so many human beings when they needed it the most".[7] George Bernard Shaw called Chaplin "the only genius to come out of the movie industry". Walworth. through the Great Depression and the rise of Adolf Hitler. her son was left in the workhouse at Lambeth in south London. During the run. When Sherlock Holmes was substituted for Clarice.[18] managed by a William Jackson. was an alcoholic and had little contact with his son. Chaplin told her of being silently in love with her and how she had broken his young heart. His paternal grandmother's mother was from the Smith family of Romanichals. England. Chaplin's father's mistress sent the boy to Archbishop Temples Boys School. was a vocalist and an actor and his mother. though Chaplin and his half-brother briefly lived with their father and his mistress. Gillette coached Chaplin in his restrained acting style. a letter. .Charlie Chaplin burst onto a war-torn world bringing it the gift of comedy. he stayed on the job. laughter and relief while it was tearing itself apart through World War I.. When Gillette staged his one-act curtain-raiser. Lambeth.[14] Chaplin's father. He learned singing from his parents.[20] After Chaplin's mother was again admitted to the Cane Hill Asylum. Clarice. Chaplin noted. They met again in Hollywood eleven years later.[10] ) His parents were both entertainers in the music hall tradition.[15] [16] The half-brothers lived there while their mentally ill mother lived at Cane Hill Asylum at Coulsdon. when introduced to her. including 3 Pownall Terrace. It is doubtful any individual has ever given more entertainment. when they were both in New York and she invited him to dinner and a drive. Chaplin remained as Billy until the production ended on 2 December.” However..

Mack Sennett had requested that Chaplin "get into a comedy make-up". the coat tight. Chaplin's pictures were soon a success. clothes. Mabel Normand.Charlie Chaplin 13 First years in the United States (1910–1913) Chaplin first toured the United States with the Fred Karno troupe from 1910 to 1912.[24] Most historians agree it was Normand who persuaded him to give Chaplin another chance. Making a Living was filmed. I wanted everything to be a contradiction: Living (1914) the pants baggy. who directed and wrote a handful of his earliest films. Chaplin had to wear each on the wrong foot to keep them on.[23] Chaplin had considerable initial difficulty adjusting to the demands of film acting and his performance suffered for it. and Ford Sterling the size-14 shoes. The Tramp (1914–1915) The Tramp debuted during the silent film era in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice (released on 7 February 1914). Chaplin's act with the Karno Troupe was seen by Mack Sennett. he returned to the U. But the moment I was dressed. However on the way to the wardrobe I thought I would dress in baggy pants. and they often disagreed. the Keystone Film Company as a replacement for Ford Sterling. which were so big. Chaplin and Laurel shared a room in a boarding house. After Chaplin's first film appearance. "The Tramp" is a vagrant with the refined manners. which I reasoned. would add age without hiding my expression. and by the time I walked on stage he was [29] fully born.[28] . and he became one of the biggest [26] [27] stars at Keystone. I was undecided whether to look old or young. Chaplin was given over to Normand.[26] However. Stan Laurel returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. The only thing Chaplin himself owned was the whangee cane. In the Karno Company was Arthur Stanley Jefferson. the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was. big shoes. Chester Conklin provided the little cutaway tailcoat. Mabel's Strange Predicament.S. and Chaplin believed Sennett intended to fire him following a disagreement with Normand. who later became known as Stan Laurel. Sennett hired him for his studio. I had no idea of the character. However. a Chaplin on the right in his film debut Making a cane and a derby hat. the two worked out their differences and remained friends long after Chaplin left Keystone. In late 1913. the hat small and the shoes large.[26] Chaplin did not enjoy being directed by a woman. I did not like my get-up as the press reporter [in Making a Living]. Sennett felt he had made a costly mistake. but remembering Sennett had expected me to be a much older man. Minta Durfee.[26] Eventually. "Fatty" Arbuckle contributed his father-in-law's derby and his own pants (of generous proportions). Chaplin had devised the tramp costume for a film produced a few days earlier but released later (9 February 1914). After five months back in England. He devised the moustache from a bit of crepe hair belonging to Mack Swain. arriving with the Karno Troupe on 2 October 1912. and Fatty Arbuckle.[25] Chaplin circa 1910 Mack Sennett did not warm to Chaplin right away. for a second tour. and dignity of a gentleman. I began to know him.[28] As Chaplin recalled in his autobiography: I had no idea what makeup to put on. I added a small moustache.

Chaplin's films were also deliciously subversive. when the sound era began in the late 1920s. Most of the Essanay films were more ambitious. the constant struggle at the bottom of the American heap and yet he triumphed over adversity without ever rising to the top. including ingénue Edna Purviance and comic villains Leo White and Bud Jamison. Spain. adding new levels of depth and pathos to the Keystone-style slapstick. and shown at the Loew's Seventh Avenue Theatre in Harlem in 1914. the tramp character would aggressively assault his enemies with kicks and bricks. even though critics warned that his antics bordered on vulgarity. Chaplin officially retired the character in the film Modern Times (released 5 February 1936). running twice as long as the average Keystone comedy. cinema. a slide promotion developed by Nils Granlund. The Tramp character was featured in the first movie trailer to be exhibited in a Chaplin in character in the 1910s U. and further developed his cinematic skills. He portrayed [30] a Keystone Kop in A Thief Catcher filmed 5–26 Jan. an emigrant himself from London. Chaplin was emerging as the supreme exponent of silent movies. and "Der Vagabund" in Germany. 1914. The 1931 production City Lights featured no dialogue. albeit only as part of a French/Italian-derived gibberish song. "Carlitos" in Brazil and Argentina. Italy. Chaplin's principal character. The Tramp remains silent until near the end of the film when. Chaplin's pantomime was subtler. The visual gags were pure Keystone. Chaplin's early Keystones use the standard Mack Sennett formula of extreme physical comedy and exaggerated gestures. The film was only a partial talkie and is often called the last silent film. feature-length productions (in only a handful of other productions did he play characters other than the Tramp). however. for the first time. Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914): Chaplin's second film and the debut of his "tramp" costume 14 Chaplin continued to play the Tramp through dozens of short films and. The Tramp was closely identified with the silent era. Chaplin signed a much more favourable contract with Essanay Studios. Romania and Turkey. advertising manager for the Marcus Loew theatre chain. Moviegoers loved this cheerfully earthy new comedian. with his Little Tramp character. Portugal. Chaplin also developed his own stock company. Andorra. Chaplin refused to make a talkie featuring the character. Chaplin was soon entrusted with directing and editing his own films. and was considered an international character. The bumbling officials enabled the immigrants to [32] laugh at those they feared.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin. quickly became the most popular star in Keystone director Mack Sennett's company of players. later. Chaplin's Tramp enacted the difficulties and humiliations of the immigrant underdog. which appropriately ended with the Tramp walking down an endless highway toward the horizon. was known as "Charlot" in the French-speaking world. Greece. "The Tramp". as well as the landmark comedy feature Tillie's Punctured Romance. and thereby stayed in touch with his audience. . He immediately gained enormous popularity among cinema audiences. his voice is finally heard.S.[31] In 1915. more suitable to romantic and domestic farces than to the usual Keystone chases and mob scenes. He made 34 shorts for Sennett during his first year in pictures.

Even Essanay was guilty of this practice.Charlie Chaplin 15 Pioneering film artist and global celebrity (1916–1918) In 1916.S. a Gilbert and Sullivan veteran. entering the First World War. Van Beuren added new orchestral scores and sound effects. Chaplin now had his own studio.M. Chaplin became a spokesman for Liberty Bonds with his close friend Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford. After Chaplin assumed control of his productions in 1918 (and kept exhibitors and audiences waiting for them). This move. One A. Campbell. and produced twelve films over an eighteen-month period that rank among the most influential comedy films in all cinema.000 to produce a dozen two-reel comedies. Upon the U. Douglas Fairbanks and D. and Modern Times (1936) were essentially silent films scored with his own music and sound effects. the Mutual Film Corporation paid Chaplin US$670. Henry Bergman. Critic James Agee. when producer Amadee J. Chaplin co-founded the United Artists film distribution company with Mary Pickford. for home video. The Pilgrim (1923) and the feature-length classic The Kid (1921). He was given near complete artistic control. and The Adventurer. At the conclusion of the Mutual contract in 1917. and second bananas Bergman and Austin would remain with Chaplin for decades. The twelve Mutual comedies were revamped as sound movies in 1933. and reissued again and again. Charlie Chaplin Studios. and Chaplin added Eric Campbell. The films were recut. The Pawnshop. entrepreneurs serviced the demand for Chaplin by bringing back his older comedies. 1922 After the arrival of sound films. the best known include: Easy Street. retitled. City Lights (1931). Essanay. He served on the board of UA until the early 1950s. wrote in Life magazine in 1949 that the final scene in City Lights was the "greatest single piece of acting ever committed to celluloid". . City Lights has been praised for its mixture of comedy and sentimentality. All Chaplin's United Artists pictures were of feature length. assured Chaplin's independence as a film-maker. and he could work at a more relaxed pace that allowed him to focus on quality. including Shoulder Arms (1918). A Woman of Paris (1923). First National financed and distributed these pictures (1918–23) but otherwise gave him complete creative control over production. Chaplin signed a contract with First National to produce eight two-reel films. fashioning "new" Chaplin comedies from old film clips and out-takes. and in recent years. beginning with the atypical drama in which Chaplin had only a brief cameo role. United Artists (1919–1939) In 1919. and Albert Austin to his stock company.[27] Most of the Chaplin films in circulation date from his Keystone. Griffith. The Circus (1928). then for the home-movie market. This was followed by the classic comedies The Gold Rush (1925) and The Circus (1928). Chaplin ambitiously expanded most of his personal projects into longer. and Mutual periods. Although First National expected Chaplin to deliver short comedies like the celebrated Mutuals. Of his Mutual comedies.. first for theatres. although he also had concerns that the films during that time were becoming formulaic owing to the stringent production schedule his contract required. W. along with complete control of his film production through his studio. Edna Purviance remained the leading lady. Chaplin regarded the Mutual period as the happiest of his career. Chaplin continued to focus on silent films. feature-length films. all of whom were seeking to escape the growing power consolidation of film distributors and financiers in the developing Hollywood studio system. for example. provided superb villainy.

for most viewers it is still considered a silent film." Chaplin's score to Limelight won an Academy Award in 1972. Listen to a description of some unfamiliar object—an African warthog.[34] At the conclusion.[34] Dictator of Tomainia. Chaplin played the role of "Adenoid Hynkel". In addition to Hynkel. Chaplin resisted making such a film all through the 1930s. depicting a Charlie Chaplin in the film The Great Dictator woman in the ghetto. and he dropped out of his comic character to address the audience directly in a speech[35] denouncing dictatorship. a delay in the film premiering in Los Angeles made it eligible decades after it was filmed. Modern Times was the first film where Chaplin's voice is heard (in the nonsense song at the end. notably The Kid for its 1971 re-release. The Great Dictator (1940) Chaplin's first talking picture.[33] 16 Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid (1921) It is a tribute to Chaplin's versatility that he also has one film credit for choreography for the 1952 film Limelight. dictator of Bacteria. The best known of several songs he composed are "Smile".Charlie Chaplin While Modern Times (1936) is a non-talkie. The barber physically resembled the Tramp character.S. Like Chinese symbolism. for example. then look at a picture of the animal and see how surprised you are". A Countess from Hong Kong. "This Is My Song" from Chaplin's last film. which Chaplin both performed and wrote the nonsense lyrics to). . He considered cinema essentially a pantomimic art. Chaplin also played a look-alike Jewish barber persecuted by the regime. The film was seen as an act of courage in the political environment of the time. who were out of the habit of watching silent films. The film also showcased comedian Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni". famously covered by Nat King Cole. in favor of liberty and human brotherhood. who was only four days his junior and sported a similar moustache. This was done to help 1930s audiences. However. greed. adjust to not hearing dialogue.[34] Paulette Goddard filmed with Chaplin again. entry into the Second World War. hate. it will mean different things according to its scenic connotation. and intolerance. composed for the film Modern Times (1936) and given lyrics to help promote a 1950s revival of the film. the two characters Chaplin portrayed swapped positions through a complex plot. modelled on German dictator Adolf Hitler. was filmed and released in the United States one year before the U. a jab at Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. was a number one hit in several different languages in the late 1960s (most notably the version by Petula Clark and discovery of an unreleased version in the 1990s recorded in 1967 by Judith Durham of The Seekers). Although "talkies" became the dominant mode of movie making soon after they were introduced in 1927. an act of defiance against Nazism. and another as a singer for the title music of The Circus (1928). Chaplin also wrote scores for his earlier silent films when they were re-released in the sound era. The Great Dictator (1940). and the depiction of their persecution. it does contain talk—usually coming from inanimate objects such as a radio or a TV monitor. and Chaplin's theme from Limelight was a hit in the 1950s under the title "Eternally. both for its ridicule of Nazism. He said: "Action is more generally understood than words. for the portrayal of overt Jewish characters.

you better do it now. while on a layover for transportation connections before the final leg of his travel to England.[39] Avedon is credited with the last portrait of the entertainer to be taken before his departure to Europe and therefore.” Avedon interrupted his production commitments to take Chaplin’s portrait the next day. Switzerland. have created an unhealthy atmosphere in which liberal-minded individuals can be singled out and persecuted. Edgar Hoover.[36] 17 McCarthy era Although Chaplin had his major successes in the United States and was a resident from 1914 to 1953.Charlie Chaplin The film was nominated for Academy awards for Best Picture (producer). I have been the object of lies and propaganda by powerful reactionary groups who. “If you’re Charlie Chaplin. Chaplin left the US for what was intended as a brief trip home to the United Kingdom for the London premiere of Limelight. "This is My Song". who had instructed the FBI to keep extensive secret files on him. may be apocryphal: An anecdote in some contradiction is recorded during a broad interview with Richard Avedon. he always maintained a neutral nationalistic stance. by their influence and by the aid of America's yellow press. Best Original Screenplay (writer) and Best Actor. which he directed. Hoover learned of the trip and negotiated with the Immigration and Naturalization Service to revoke Chaplin's re-entry permit. Chaplin also wrote My Autobiography. “If you want to take my picture.” According to Avedon. They are coming after me and I won’t be back. FBI pressure on Chaplin grew after his 1942 campaign for a second European front in the war and reached a critical level in the late 1940s. with his wife. or that the revocation of his right to re-enter the United States by FBI Director J. entitled The Freak. During the era of McCarthyism. and wrote. Shoulder Arms (1918) and The Pilgrim (1923) for which he composed the music and recorded an introductory narration. and never personally saw Chaplin again. a script was completed and pre-production rehearsals had begun on the film (the book includes a . wrote. As well as directing these final films. Chaplin telephoned him at his studio in New York City. Final works (1957–1976) Chaplin's final two films were made in London: A King in New York (1957) in which he starred. celebrated New York portraitist. According to Chaplin. to receive an Honorary Oscar. In his pictorial autobiography My Life In Pictures. between 1959 and 1963. directed and produced. I’m Franklin Roosevelt!” To mollify Avedon. Chaplin then made his home in Vevey. the last photograph of him as a singularly “American icon. which was published in 1964. and A Countess from Hong Kong (1967).[37] In 1952. Victoria. produced. tried to end his United States residency. Chaplin assured the photographer of his authenticity and added the comment. Chaplin decided not to re-enter the United States. when Congressional figures threatened to call him as a witness in hearings. I leave … (imminently). the film would have cast her as an angel. and I have therefore given up my residence in the United States. Under these conditions I find it virtually impossible to continue my motion-picture work. He briefly and triumphantly returned to the United States in April 1972. writing: "Since the end of the last world war. and also to discuss how his films would be re-released and marketed. Chaplin indicated that he had written a screenplay for his daughter. probably from fear of Chaplin's ability to lampoon the investigators. reaching number one in the UK as sung by Petula Clark. Edgar Hoover was a surprise to him. The latter film stars Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. exiling Chaplin so he could not return for his alleged political leanings. Chaplin was accused of "un-American activities" as a suspected communist and J. He also composed the music for both films with the theme song from A Countess From Hong Kong. and Chaplin made his final on-screen appearance in a brief cameo role as a seasick steward."[38] That Chaplin was unprepared to remain abroad. This was never done. published in 1974. Chaplin also compiled a film The Chaplin Revue from three First National films A Dog's Life (1918). The photographer considered the impromptu self-introduction a prank and angrily answered his caller with the riposte.

Chaplin wrote original music compositions and scores for his silent pictures and re-released them." Chaplin wrote. From 1969 until 1976. and of his feature length films firstly The Circus in 1969 and The Kid in 1971.[43] . the robbers were attempt to extort money from his family. Chaplin worked with music associate Eric James whilst composing all his scores. captured. who in frustration would often lash out at his actors and crew. once his Essanay contract gave him the freedom to write for and direct himself. Chaplin's grave in Switzerland Filmmaking techniques Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily about his filmmaking methods. when his rare surviving outtakes and cut sequences were carefully examined in the 1983 British documentary Unknown Chaplin.Charlie Chaplin photograph of Victoria in costume). remembered his father saying he watched Chaplin shoot a scene more than a hundred times until he was [44] This combination of story improvisation and relentless perfectionism—which resulted in days of satisfied with it. by which time Chaplin was extremely frail.[40] Chaplin was interred in Corsier-Sur-Vevey Cemetery. after the completion of his final film A Countess from Hong Kong. The method he developed." Chaplin then had sets constructed and worked with his stock company to improvise gags and "business" around them. Sunnyside in 1974. keep them waiting idly for hours or. He composed the scores of all his First National shorts: The Idle Class in 1971 (paired with The Kid for re-release in 1972). frequently requiring Chaplin to reshoot an already-completed scene that might have otherwise contradicted the story. almost always working the ideas out on film. was to start from a vague premise—for example "Charlie enters a health spa" or "Charlie works in a pawn shop. Vaud. Pay Day in 1972. his corpse was stolen by a small group of Swiss mechanics in an [42] The plot failed. and the corpse was recovered eleven weeks later near Lake Geneva. Switzerland on Christmas Day 1977. However. Chaplin's last completed work was the score for his 1923 film A Woman of Paris. 18 Death (1977) Chaplin's robust health began to slowly fail in the late 1960s. he had difficulty communicating. showing his actors exactly how he wanted them to perform and shooting scores of takes until he had the shot he wanted. in extreme cases. until he began making spoken dialogue films with The Great Dictator in 1940. who lived near Charlie Chaplin's Lone Star studio as a boy. all at enormous expense—often proved very taxing for Chaplin. even finding communication difficult. Switzerland. A Day's Pleasure in 1973. Chaplin was an incredibly exacting director. In addition. effort and thousands of feet of film being wasted. In fact.8 m) of concrete to prevent further attempts. Chaplin never shot from a completed script.[41] On 1 March 1978. shutting down production altogether. claiming such a thing would be tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion. By 1977. a narrative structure would emerge. His body was reburied under 6 feet (1. but were halted when Victoria married. his health declined steadily in the 1970s which hampered all hopes of the film ever being produced. and more rapidly after he received his Academy Award in 1972. Chaplin died in his sleep in Vevey. "I mean to make it some day. As ideas were accepted and discarded. and was using a wheelchair.[43] Chaplin's unique filmmaking techniques became known only after his death. Animator Chuck Jones. This is one reason why Chaplin took so much longer to complete his films than his rivals did. which was completed in 1976.

[46] "This Is My Song".8 million. and his vocal public support for the opening of a second European front in 1942 to assist the Soviet Union in the Second World War were controversial. releasing twelve feature films in the 1920s while Chaplin released just three. and for his last American film. wrote a part specifically for Keaton as his first on-screen comedy partner since 1915. which was critical of following patriotic nationalism without question. The final dramatic speech in The Great Dictator. Modern Times. hit number 1 on the UK charts when sung by Petula Clark in the 1960s. but his 1930s films were more openly political. hit number 2 on the UK charts when sung by Nat King Cole in the 1950s. Lloyd was renowned for his everyman persona and 1920s optimism.Charlie Chaplin 19 Comparison with other silent comics Since the 1960s. Modern Times depicts workers and poor people in dismal conditions. advised him against his disastrous move to MGM in 1928. and only received belated critical acclaim in the late 1950s and 1960s.[48] Chaplin was not the only member of his family with musical talent.25 million and The Circus is the seventh with US$3. Composer and songwriter Chaplin wrote or co-wrote the scores and songs for many of his films. thought highly of one another: Keaton stated in his autobiography that Chaplin was the greatest comedian that ever lived. His silent films made prior to the Great Depression typically did not contain overt political themes or messages. There is evidence that Chaplin and Keaton. his nephew. Chaplin's films combined made about US$10. The Gold Rush is the fifth with US$4. Limelight. "Smile".[45] It was also Michael Jackson's favourite song. written and composed by Chaplin for his film. The three had different styles: Chaplin had a strong affinity for sentimentality and pathos (which was popular in the 1920s). whereas Chaplin welcomed Keaton to United Artists in 1925.[47] In 1973. and Keaton adhered to onscreen stoicism with a cynical tone more suited to modern audiences. Jefferson Airplane. which he composed for his film. and the greatest comedy director. Chaplin made some of the highest-grossing films in the silent era. Chaplin won the Oscar for Best Film Score for his film. especially among the loyal fans of each comic. Limelight. Commercially. Chaplin's films have been compared to those of Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd (the other two great silent film comedians of the time). Lloyd was far more prolific. Buster Keaton's films were not nearly as commercially successful as Chaplin's or Lloyd's even at the height of his popularity. However. apart from the Tramp's plight in poverty and his run-ins with the law.5 million while Harold Lloyd's grossed US$15. who both got their start in vaudeville. Spencer Dryden was the drummer for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted band.[49] Politics Chaplin's political sympathies always lay with the left. Chaplin together with the American socialist Max Eastman in Hollywood 1919 . A Countess from Hong Kong.7 million.

Chaplin raised substantial funds for the war effort during war bond drives not only with public speaking at rallies but also by making.S. with the exception of Mildred Harris. are related to Chaplin (their grandfather was Chaplin's first cousin). Andrew and Brian Chaplin. Chaplin clearly relished the role of discovering and closely guiding young female stars. London. Wheeler Dryden (1892–1957). although his two sons saw service in the Army in Europe. a comedic propaganda film used in 1918.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin declined to support the war effort as he had done for the First World War which led to public anger. Unknown to Charlie and Sydney until years later. A 1916 propaganda short film Zepped with Chaplin was [50] discovered in 2009. The Bond. Other controversies During the First World War. all of his marriages and most of his major relationships began in this manner. There is no documentary evidence of Jewish ancestry for Chaplin himself. whom he met in Britain while performing in the music hall. For Chaplin's entire career. After the war. . press before. five years earlier. satirised the political persecution and paranoia that had forced him to leave the U. was less political and more autobiographical in nature. Chaplin was criticised in the British press for not joining the Army. Nazi propaganda in the 1930s and 40s prominently portrayed him as Jewish (named Karl Tonstein) relying on articles published in the U. some level of controversy existed over claims of Jewish ancestry. Chaplin's final American film. at his own expense. For most of the Second World War he was fighting serious criminal and civil charges related to his involvement with actress Joan Barry (see below).[55] The South African duo Locnville."[52] Although baptised in the Church of England. He had in fact presented himself for service. they had a half-brother through their mother. Personal life and family Chaplin's mother died in 1928 in Glendale. Monsieur Verdoux showed a critical view of capitalism.[54] seven years after having been brought to the U. California. 20 Chaplin with Mahatma Gandhi in Canning Town.S. saying that to do so would always "play directly into the hands of anti-Semites. His following European-made film. Limelight. his 1947 black comedy. The lingering controversy may have prevented Chaplin from receiving a knighthood in the 1930s. by her sons.S. For his entire public life. but was denied for being too small at 5'5" and underweight. Chaplin was thought to be an agnostic for most of his life. The boy. and which possibly defined his feminine ideal.[51] and FBI investigations of Chaplin in the late 1940s also focused on Chaplin's ethnic origins. he fiercely refused to challenge or refute claims that he was Jewish. His biographers have attributed this to a teenage infatuation with Hetty Kelly.[53] Chaplin's lifelong attraction to younger women remains another enduring source of interest to some. 1931. A King in New York (1957). was raised abroad by his father but later connected with the rest of the family and went to work for Chaplin at his Hollywood studio.

the actors Charles Chaplin. c. at age 35. Chaplin's public involvement with Negri was unique in his public life. (1925–1968) and Sydney . Charlie allegedly tried to persuade her to leave Hearst and remain with him. Three years later. • Marion Davies: In 1924. The romance seems to have ended by 1918.Charlie Chaplin 21 Relationships • Hetty Kelly was Chaplin's first love.[58] The couple divorced in November 1920. in 1922–23. with Harris getting some of their community property and a US$100. The stormy on-off engagement was halted after about nine months. He was devastated in 1921 when he learned that she had died of influenza during the 1918 flu pandemic. after she arrived in Hollywood to star in films. after she became pregnant (a development that resulted in her being removed from the cast of the film). married the popular child actress. Inglewood California. Davies and Chaplin were both present on Hearst's yacht the weekend preceding the mysterious death of Thomas Harper Ince. a dancer with whom he fell in love when she was fifteen and almost married when he was nineteen.[57] Edna Purviance was Chaplin's first major leading lady after Mabel Normand. who was 16 at the time. They had one son. during the time he was involved with the underage Lita Grey." During the divorce. She and Chaplin spoke warmly of one another for the rest of their lives. Mildred Harris: On 23 October 1918. Chaplin separated from Harris by late 1919. who died three days later and is interred under the name The Little Mouse at Inglewood Park Cemetery.000 settlement. Chaplin with Edna Purviance in The Immigrant (1917). and by some accounts supposedly continued an affair with her until 1931. companion of William Randolph Hearst. Chaplin was rumoured to have had a fling with actress Davies. They married on 26 November 1924. Negri. age 29. Chaplin made a rare cameo appearance in Davies' 1928 film Show People. Years later. 1918–1920 engagement with the Polish actress. Harris. They had two sons. he was reportedly crushed when she agreed. moving back into the Los Angeles Athletic Club. Purviance would continue as leading lady in Chaplin's films until 1923. Chaplin claimed Harris had an affair with noted actress of the time Alla Nazimova. but she refused and stayed by Hearst's side until his death in 1951.[58] Chaplin admitted that he "was not in love. he became involved with the then 16-year-old Grey during preparations for The Gold Rush in which she was to star as the female lead. and Chaplin's marriage to Mildred Harris in late 1918 ended any possibility of reconciliation. When she refused. Jr. Norman Spencer "The Little Mouse" Chaplin. her memory would remain an obsession with Chaplin. now that [he] was married [he] wanted to be and wanted the marriage to be a success. • Lita Grey: Chaplin first met Grey during the filming of The Kid. born on 7 July 1919. By comparison he strove to keep his other romances during this period very discreet and private (usually without success). Many biographers have concluded the affair with Negri was largely for publicity purposes. and would remain on Chaplin's payroll until her death in 1958. in 1908. Chaplin suggested it would be best if they did not see each other again.[59] • Pola Negri: Chaplin was involved in a very public relationship and Mildred Harris. Purviance and Chaplin were involved in a close romantic relationship during the production of his Essanay and Mutual films in 1916–1917. Chaplin.[56] It is said Chaplin fell madly in love with her and asked her to marry him. rumoured to be fond of seducing young actresses. but in many ways it foreshadowed the modern stereotypes of Hollywood star relationships.

she lived her later life in Switzerland. in a 1980s interview states that she had idolised Chaplin since childhood and that the then-19-year-old actress and Chaplin began an affair that continued for several years. The couple divorced on 22 August 1927. Georgia Hale was Lita Grey's replacement on The Gold Rush. Like Chaplin. Blumenthal and Brooks' fellow Ziegfeld girl Peggy Fears in Blumenthal's penthouse suite at the Ambassador Hotel. working several times with Cecil B.000 settlement. who was instantly infatuated with her. but the relationship ended when she began harassing him and displaying signs of severe mental illness (not unlike his mother).C. and is included on the 2003 DVD release of the film. May became his constant companion and lover on the trip. May Reeves was originally hired to be Chaplin's secretary on his 1931–1932 extended trip to Europe. dealing mostly with reading his personal correspondence. Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups. She worked only one morning. and with film financier A. on top of almost one million dollars in legal costs. dying in 1990. Hale. and then was introduced to Chaplin. was called in to replace Virginia Cherrill as the flower girl. After Reeves also became involved with Syd. After the relationship ended in 1940.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin (1926–2009). Reeves chronicled her short time with Chaplin in her book. she filed a paternity suit against him in 1943. Brooks was with Chaplin when he spent four hours watching a musician torture a violin in a Lower East Side restaurant. In discussing the situation in Unknown Chaplin.[60] Their extraordinarily bitter divorce had Chaplin paying Grey a then-record-breaking US$825. DeMille. who by then was Chaplin's closest companion. Refusal to clarify their marital status is often claimed to have eliminated Goddard from final consideration for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind. compounded by a federal tax dispute. with Goddard being granted a settlement. In any case. Hale. Chaplin gave her starring roles in Modern Times and The Great Dictator. but these claims were likely a mutual effort to prevent any lasting damage to Goddard's career. Their romance apparently ended sometime after Chaplin's return from his world tour in 1933. the two cavorted together at the Ritz. After having a child. Chaplin had a brief affair with Barry. Grey used the rumoured infidelity in her divorce proceedings. The marriage was a disaster. Chaplin and Paulette Goddard in The Great Dictator (1940) • Joan Barry (1920–1996): In 1942. allegedly turned his hair white. He had gone to New York for the opening there of The Gold Rush. whom he was considering for a starring role in a proposed film. During production of Chaplin's film City Lights in 1929–30. Louise Brooks was a chorine in the Ziegfeld Follies when she met Chaplin. Unknown Chaplin. Hale states that her relationship with Chaplin was as strong as ever during filming. Merna Kennedy: Lita Grey's friend. with the couple hopelessly mismatched. In the documentary series. which she details in her memoir. The Chaplin biographer Joyce Milton asserted in Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin that the Grey-Chaplin marriage was the inspiration for Vladimir Nabokov's 1950s novel Lolita. Goddard went on to a major career in films at Paramount in the 1940s. "The Intimate Charlie Chaplin". Chaplin's brief involvement with Barry proved to be a nightmare for him. with Goddard living with Chaplin in his Beverly Hills home for most of this time. an act he would recreate in Limelight. but economics forced Chaplin to rehire Cherrill. It is rumoured that the two had an affair during shooting. For two months in the summer of 1925. Although blood tests proved Chaplin was not . much to the disgust of Chaplin's brother. Chaplin and Goddard made public statements that they had been secretly married in 1936. Seven minutes of test footage survives from this recasting. (directed and written by film historians Kevin Brownlow and David Gill). Kennedy was a dancer who Chaplin hired as the lead actress in The Circus (1928). Syd. The stress of the sensational divorce. Chaplin ended the relationship and she left his entourage. 22 • • • • Paulette Goddard: Chaplin and actress Goddard were involved in a romantic and professional relationship between 1932 and 1940. their relationship ended amicably in 1942.

Barry's attorney. Christopher. and died from pancreatic cancer in 1991. daughter of Eugene O'Neill. Oona survived Chaplin by fourteen years. 1994) . Sydney Earle Chaplin [65] 7 July 1919 5 May 1925 31 March 1926 10 July 1919 20 March 1968 3 March 2009 Mildred Harris Lita Grey Susan Maree Chaplin (b 1959) Stephan Chaplin (b 19xx) Unknown Shane Saura Chaplin (b 1974) Oona Castilla Chaplin (b 1986) Kathleen Chaplin (b.Charlie Chaplin the father of Barry's child. He was fifty-four. and murmuring: "This is magic". he met O'Neill. of which he was acquitted.[62] Chaplin's second wife. was born when Chaplin was 73 years old. later asserted that Chaplin had paid corrupt government officials to tamper with the blood test results. their last child.[37] Barry was institutionalised in 1953 after she was found walking the streets barefoot. 1980) Aurélia Thiérrée (b. Federal prosecutors also brought Mann Act charges against Chaplin related to Barry in 1944.[61] Chaplin's public image in America was gravely damaged by these sensational trials. Jr."[63] • Oona O'Neill: During Chaplin's legal trouble over the Barry affair. 1971) James Thiérrée (b. She further stated that "there is no doubt that she [Carol Ann] was his child. and married her on 16 June 1943. The marriage produced eight children. 1986) Osceola Salkind (b. The injustice of the ruling later led to a change in California law to allow blood tests as evidence. carrying a pair of baby sandals and a child's ring. 1975) Dolores Chaplin (b. 1974) Kiera Chaplin (b. Joseph Scott. 1982) Carol Ann Barry Chaplin (Disputed) 2 October 1943 Geraldine Leigh Chaplin Michael John Chaplin 31 July 1944 7 March 1946 Josephine Hannah Chaplin Victoria Chaplin Eugene Anthony Chaplin Jane Cecil Chaplin Annette Emily Chaplin Christopher James Chaplin 28 March 1949 19 May 1951 23 August 1953 23 May 1957 3 December 1959 6 July 1962 59 62 64 68 70 73 Orson Salkind (b.[64] 23 Children Child Birth Death Chaplin's Age at Time of Birth 30 36 36 54 55 56 Joan Barry Oona O'Neill Mother Grandchildren Norman Spencer Chaplin Charles Spencer Chaplin. and Chaplin was ordered to support the child. Lita Grey. 1979) Carmen Chaplin (b 19xx) George Chaplin (b 19xx) Julien Ronet (b. convinced the court that the tests were inadmissible as evidence. she had just turned eighteen.

the voting audit procedures that now exists had not yet been put into place. Best Actor and Best Writing (Original Story). due to Chaplin's political difficulties at the time. as Chaplin had originally been nominated for Best Production. • The 20th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1948. Though the film had originally been released in 1952. Chaplin expressed disdain for the Academy Awards. It was unveiled by Sir Ralph Richardson in 1981. Statue of Chaplin in Leicester .[76] • The 13th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1941. the Academy decided to withdraw his name from all the competitive categories and instead give him a Special Award "for versatility and genius in acting. lasting a full twelve minutes. Chaplin's The Circus was set to be heavily recognised. Chaplin's screenplay for Monsieur Verdoux was nominated. United Kingdom. the film did not play for one week in Los Angeles. directing and producing The Circus". The Great Dictator was nominated for five awards.[77] • The 45th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1973.[69] Chaplin's Swiss mansion is to be opened as a museum tracing his life from the music halls in London to Hollywood fame.[66] [67] The honour had been first proposed in 1931. during his active years as a filmmaker. but was vetoed after a Foreign Office report raised concerns over Chaplin's purported "communist" views and his moral behaviour in marrying two 16 year girls. he lost to Preston Sturges for The Great McGinty. For writing. However. and two Honorary Awards.[68] Among other recognitions. it was felt that honouring him would damage both the reputation of the British honours system and relations with the United States. Chaplin received the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history. Chaplin came out of exile to accept the Honorary Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century". Best Director in a Comedy Picture.[73] This may help explain why City Lights and Modern Times. Chaplin lost out on both counts. including two for Chaplin: Best Writing and Best Actor.[72] A bronze statue of him is at Waterville. but the award went instead to Sidney Sheldon for The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer. Academy Awards Chaplin received three Academy Awards in his lifetime: one for Best Original Square.Charlie Chaplin 24 Awards and recognition Chaplin was knighted in 1975 at the age of 85 as a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. County Kerry. London Score. and the categories were still very fluid. Chaplin's film Limelight was honoured with an Oscar for Best Original Score. Stepping onto the stage of the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. • The 1st Academy Awards ceremony: When the first Oscars were awarded on 16 May 1929. that he had not been among those originally honoured in 1961 caused some controversy. Knighthood was suggested again in 1956. However. The only other film to receive a Special Award that year was The Jazz Singer. Chaplin was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1970. writing. • The 44th Academy Awards ceremony: Chaplin's second Oscar was awarded forty-three years after his first. and for acting to James Stewart for The Philadelphia Story. considered by several polls to be two of the greatest of all motion pictures. his son Charles Jr wrote that Chaplin invoked the ire of the Academy in the 1930s by jokingly using his 1929 Oscar as a doorstop.[70] [71] A statue of Charlie Chaplin was made by John Doubleday. to stand in Leicester Square in London.[74] [75] were not nominated for a single Academy Award. and thus did not meet the criterion for nomination until it was re-released in 1972. in 1972.

Ince during a yachting party thrown by William Randolph Hearst. in Paris. French company MK2 acts as worldwide distribution agent for the Export company. also known as "Laughing Times. • John Woo directed a parody film of Chaplin's "The Kid" called Hua ji shi dai (1981). 3623 Chaplin. British comedian Eddie Izzard played Chaplin in Peter Bogdanovich's film. and starred in dozens of feature films and short subjects. County Kerry • In 1985. in an Oscar-nominated performance. discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina in 1981. Filmography and current rights issues Chaplin wrote. which speculated about the still-unsolved death of producer Thomas H. The Gold Rush (1925). • IBM ran a series of commercials for their personal computers during the 1980s featuring a Chaplin impersonator. DePatie-Freleng Enterprises produced a cartoon series starring a Chaplin-like character called Baggy Pants. Highlights include The Immigrant (1917). and Geraldine Chaplin playing the part of Charlie Chaplin's mother. Today. Jr. Thanks to The Chaplin Keystone Project. Chaplin was honoured with his image on a postage stamp of the United Kingdom. and The Great Dictator (1940). • In 2001. nearly all of Chaplin's output is owned by Roy Export S. City Lights.[80] • The third of composer Karl Amadeus Hartmann's 1929–30 composition Wachsfigurenkabinett: Fünf kleine Opern (Waxworks: Five Little Operas) is entitled 'Chaplin-Ford-Trot'. distribution is handled under license by Janus Films. Bronze statue at Waterville. silent film actor Billy West made more than 20 films as a comedian precisely imitating Chaplin's tramp character. A listing of the dozens of Chaplin films and alternate versions can be found in the Ted Okuda-David Maska book Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp. a film was made about Chaplin's life entitled Chaplin. All twelve Mutual films were restored in 1975 by archivist David Shepard and Blackhawk Films. with home .[82] • In 1992.Charlie Chaplin 25 Legacy Chaplin's "tramp" character is possibly the most imitated on all levels of entertainment. efforts to produce definitive versions of Chaplin's pre-1918 short films have come to a successful end: after ten years of research and clinical international cooperation work." • A minor planet. is named after Chaplin. In the U. and Modern Times. and new restorations with even more footage were released on DVD in 2006. Modern Times (1936). all of which have been selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry. which enforces the library's copyrights and decides how and when this material can be released. City Lights (1931). 34 Keystone films have been fully restored and published in October 2010 on a 4-dvd box set. and starring Robert Downey.A.S. her own grandmother. and in 1994 he appeared on a United States postage stamp designed by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld. directed. as of 2010.. • Kamal Haasan moulded his character "Chaplin Chellappa" on Chaplin in the Tamil film Punnagai Mannan[81] • From September to November 1977 (just before Chaplin's death in December of that year). directed by Oscar-winner Richard Attenborough. Three of these films made the AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies and AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) lists: The Gold Rush".[78] [79] • From 1917 to 1918.S. and features the character of Charlie Chaplin (in a speaking rather than operatic role). makeup and costume. It is said that Chaplin once entered a "Chaplin look-alike" competition and came in third. of which Chaplin was a guest. The Cat's Meow.

org/ 5uKhVAkON). Mabel: Hollywood's First I Don't Care Girl. American popular culture through history (illustrated ed. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Quoted in "The Religious Affiliation of Charlie Chaplin" (http:/ / www. p. org/ wgbh/ amex/ pickford/ peopleevents/ p_chaplin. ISBN 978-0-7385-5902-5. New York: Van Rees Press. co. Flom. New York: Harry N. [30] Trescott. Jr.. Adherents. [3] Blanke. com/ news/ 2008/ dec/ 21/ his-gift-of-comedy-for-a-weary-world/ ) 21 December 2008 [8] Walsh.). Kenneth (1997). Internet Movie Database. Charles (1964). ISBN 978-0-313-31251-9. Chaplin: genius of the cinema (illustrated ed. webcitation. [31] Granlund. SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4092-1566-0. p. adherents. com/ people/ pc/ Charlie_Chaplin. Ian (2002). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. expressandstar. html) on 18 November 2010. Penguin. 39. Penguin. 1997). David (21 August 1994). We are the Romani People (http:/ / books. Washington Times -Books (http:/ / washingtontimes. ISBN 978-0-14-101147-9. 226. Charlie Chaplin and His Times (illustrated ed. Agatha and Chaplin. [12] Hancock.). 1997. com/ news/ 2011/ 02/ 18/ charlie-chaplin-was-born-into-midland-gipsy-family/ ) [11] Robinson. [23] Chaplin.. 174. Caroline (1985). Abrams. afi. Westport. David (1983). [14] Charlie Chaplin.com. ISBN 978-0-253-21160-6. pp. [9] Lynn. CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. webcitation. webcitation. org/ 5uKhZChEI). com/ photopages. p. 26. org/ web/ 20080822055357/ http:/ / www. Retrieved 15 February 2010. webcitation. Chaplin: his life and art (revised ed. 242. [2] Obituary Variety. E7. Betty (1982). 149. Martin. Rau. [21] Robinson. [20] Goncalves. [25] Fussell. His Life and Art (Da Capo Press. . com/ title/ tt0014624/ trivia) on 18 November 2010. My Autobiography. 60. com/ people/ pc/ Charlie_Chaplin. ISBN 978-0-688-05935-4.(1960). Kenneth Schuyler. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. html) on 18 November 2010. "The 'Thief' in festival's lineup is famous face. Chaplin in the sound era: an analysis of the seven talkies. the mirror of opinion (illustrated ed. Charlie Chaplin and His Times (Simon & Schuster. Mount Pleasant. Simon and Schuster. affiliated with Janus. ISBN 978-0-14-101147-9.). webcitation. New York: Da Capo Press. p. . archive. html) on 18 November 2010. 53 [32] Robert Hughes American Visions BBCTV .com.). p. Random House: New York. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ stars. "The Big Question: Does Charlie Chaplin merit a museum in his honour. 2005. New York: Hilltown. Shawna (2008). pbs.100 STARS" (http:/ / web.. David (2002). Picasso. Retrieved 21 April 2010. co. American Film Institute. ISBN 978-0-684-80851-2. [19] Eric L. [28] Sutton. ISBN 978-0-306-80600-1. Raleigh. [4] Haupert. Penguin. indeed: Chaplin's". PBS. org/ 5uKhXQEd2). ISBN 978-1-902806-19-8. google. Jeffrey (2 October 2003). Michael (2006). page 6 (http:/ / books. Jaqueline (13 June 2010). 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org/ 5uKhawMg7). google. org/ web/ 20080415180557/ http:/ / www." [43] Unknown Chaplin (http:/ / www.818302-2. com/ title/ tt0032553/ ) at the Internet Movie Database [35] "The speech of the Great Dictator" (http:/ / www. Petula Clark.net. [34] The Great Dictator (http:/ / www. il/ en/ entry/ 8/ ) Archived (http:/ / web. webcitation. webcitation. 61 (illustrated ed. adherents. yahoo. Lita Grey.850389. org. Italy: Portaparole. . www. nytimes. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. html). 1931 (9 February 1931). php) 27 [46] "Brooke Shields – Just Smile" (http:/ / www. She fitted into a familiar pattern. org/ 5uKhfnnuD). . org/ 5uKhcJuQq). Time.). 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 29 August 2010. . Charlie Chaplin. p. [54] Chaplin.00. google. Jeffrey (1998).com.". p.. Scarecrow Press.9171.com." (http:/ / www. "Collector finds unseen Charlie Chaplin film in tin sold for £3.20 on eBay" (http:/ / www. co. cgi?page=gr& GRid=1234) on 18 November 2010.il (http:/ / www. Friday. 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[75] "The Complete List – ALL-TIME 100 Movies – TIME Magazine" (http:/ / www. 2006. uk/ books?id=9W4R_CZtFe8C& pg=PA311& dq=charlie+ chaplin+ Hollywood+ Walk+ of+ Fame& client=firefox-a& cd=6#v=onepage& q=charlie chaplin Hollywood Walk of Fame& f=false)." [62] "Just Like the Movies" (http:/ / www. Martin's Griffin.com. . Charlie Chaplin. webcitation. [77] "Charlie Chaplin prepares for return to United States after two decades" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. p. [82] Schmadel. org/ 5uKhxpXpS). and his father could have been called Charles Spencer Chaplin. Retrieved 7 June 2010. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. webcitation. google. "Chaplin knighthood blocked" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 2006/ 12/ 10556_space. 46444. was admitted to Patton State Hospital (for the mentally ill) after she was found walking the streets barefoot. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. Retrieved 15 February 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2008. my god". webcitation. New York: A&E Television Networks. asp). 17 August 1953. co. org/ 5uKhyVna9). [70] "Charlie Chaplin museum to open in Swiss mansion" (http:/ / www. webcitation. Retrieved 15 February 2010. Greg. (2003). co. How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love American Movies" (http:/ / www. webcitation. google. history. New York: Springer Verlag. My father. html) on 18 November 2010.

2002. first edition.67.com/featured-biography/charlie-chaplin/) • Charlie Chaplin's Golden Silence (http://www. Fischer-Verlag. • Charles Chaplin: My Life in Pictures.au/heraldsun/story/0. in: Muttersprache.biography. • Chaplin: His Life and Art.com/name/nm0000122/) at the Internet Movie Database • Charles Chaplin (http://tcmdb. Charlie.00. Simon & Schuster. 129–135. Jeffrey Vance. 2005. ISBN 978-2-913986-03-9. 54 (germ.chaplinalife.) • Chaplin: A Life by Stephen Weissman Arcade Publishing 2008. 3. Sam Stourdze (ed.com/artist/12334) at Allmovie • Films by. • Charles Chaplin: Die Geschichte meines Lebens. McGraw-Hill.allmovie.html) • Works by or about Charlie Chaplin (http://www. 1964. M/C Journal 7. • Victor Klemperer: LTI – Notizbuch eines Philologen. 2006.). Christian Delage and Sam Stourdze.21147402-5012142.org/details/ CC_1914_02_07_KidsAutoRaceAtVenice) at the Internet Archive . 1995 and 1999. • Alistair Cooke: Six Men.org. iUniverse.archive. Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups. David Robinson. Leipzig: Reclam.charliechaplin.com. • Chaplin in Pictures.imdb. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Charlie Chaplin" OR title:"Charlie Chaplin" OR description:"Charlie Chaplin")) at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated) • Filmography • Charlie Chaplin (http://www. (germ.org/search. • S. 1990. Charlie. Jonathan Goldman.archive. 359pp. • Double Exposure: Charlie Chaplin as Author and Celebrity (http://journal. 76. Steidl. about or starring Charlie Chaplin (http://www. ISBN 978-1-57886-004-3 (1999 edition).3. 1978. Harmondsworth.) • Georgia Hale. NBC Editions. Bodley Head. New York.4.) • Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp.) • Charlie Chaplin Die Wurzeln meiner Komik in: Jüdische Allgemeine Wochenzeitung. ISBN 978-3-88243-792-8.jsp?participantId=32227) at the TCM Movie Database • Charlie Chaplin (http://www.au/0411/ 05-goldman.com/participant/participant.Charlie Chaplin 29 Further reading • Charles Chaplin: My Autobiography. html) • Chaplin A Life: 40 Photo-Essays (http://www. S.5. Abrams. 2003. (germ. texts by Patrice Blouin. gekürzt: wieder ebd.media-culture. second edition 2001..charliechaplinarchive.com/photo_essays. Ted Okuda & David Maska. hardcover. Frind: Die Sprache als Propagandainstrument des Nationalsozialismus. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. • Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. 1964.php). 1966.) 2004 (germ. Jg. S. External links • Official sites • Charlie Chaplin Website (http://www. A.com/) • The Charlie Chaplin Archive (http://www. 12. New York. ISBN 978-3-379-00125-0. ISBN 978-0-8109-4532-6 • Charlie Chaplin: A Photo Diary. Frankfurt am Main (19.. 2005.news. edited by Heather Kiernan. 1974. Michel Comte & Sam Stourdze.org) • Biography • Charlie Chaplin Biography (http://www.php?query=mediatype:(texts) -contributor:gutenberg AND (subject:"Chaplin. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Chaplin.

1889-1977" OR creator:"Charlie Chaplin" OR title:"Charlie Chaplin" OR description:"Charlie Chaplin") AND mediatype:movies) • Others • Obituary.top10films.Charlie Chaplin • more Chaplin films at the Internet Archive (http://www. an Everyman Trying to Gild Cage of Life.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0416.org (http://ednapurviance.html) • Chaplin films at ednapurviance.co. Enthralled World (http://www.com/time/time100/artists/profile/chaplin.org/search.uk/archives/337) kbd:Чарли Чаплин 30 . 26 December 1977 Chaplin's Little Tramp.archive.time. NY Times.org/chaplinfilmlists. php?query=-contributor:gutenberg AND (subject:"Chaplin.nytimes.html) • Top 10 Charlie Chaplin Movies (http://www.co.garenewing. Charlie. Charlie.html) • About Chaplin UK (http://www.html) • The TIME 100: Charlie Chaplin (http://www.uk/chaplin/about. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Chaplin.

Synopsis Made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. In so doing it takes on a spectator's viewpoint and becomes one of the first public films to show the film camera and cameraman in operation.Kid Auto Races at Venice 31 Kid Auto Races at Venice Kid Auto Races at Venice Theatrical poster for Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Charles Chaplin Henry Lehrman Frank D. in it Chaplin plays a spectator at a 'baby-cart race' in California. . Williams Billy Jacobs Charlotte Fitzpatrick Thelma Salter Gordon Griffith Enrique Juan Vallejo Frank D. At this stage Chaplin only gets in the way of the visible camera on screen. to better explain the joke. The spectator keeps getting in the way of the camera and interferes with the race. 1914 11 minutes  United States Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English (Original titles) Kid Auto Races At Venice is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin in which his "Little Tramp" character makes his first appearance. an actual race with Chaplin and his co-stars improvising gags in front of real-life spectators. The film was shot during the Junior Vanderbilt Cup[1] . not the actual filming camera. causing great frustration to the public and participants. Unusually the camera "comes out of shot" to show a second camera filming (as though it were the first). Williams Keystone Studios February 7.

Cameraman • • • • Billy Jacobs . (http:/ / www.archive. Williams .Film Director • Frank D. . [1] Kids Auto Races at Venice.com/title/tt0004189/) at the Internet Movie Database • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www.uk/Kid_Auto_Races_at_Venice) at The Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www.org. uk/ resources/ bfi/ filmog/ film. Lehrman and Williams were the only professional players.A different version which is missing the ending.archive.charliechaplin. org. bfi.imdb.org/details/TheKidAutoRaceinVenice) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www. British Film Institute. [3] Brent Walker (quoted by the BFI (http:/ / chaplin.Boy Notes Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914): Chaplin's 2nd film and debut of the "Tramp" character.Kid Auto Races at Venice 32 Cast • Charlie Chaplin . charliechaplin.Girl Thelma Salter . php?fid=59428)) maintains that Chaplin.org/details/CC_1914_02_07_KidsAutoRaceAtVenice) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . the other being members of the public.Girl [2] [3] Gordon Griffith . References External links • Kid Auto Races at Venice. Cal.Tramp • Henry Lehrman . Cal.Boy Charlotte Fitzpatrick . (http://www. org. uk/ Kid_Auto_Races_at_Venice) at The Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia [2] Theodore Huff (1944) An Index to the Films of Charlie Chaplin.

My Autobiography: 154). his third film in order of release. However on the way to the wardrobe I thought I would dress in baggy pants. But the moment I was dressed. the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was.Mabel's Strange Predicament 33 Mabel's Strange Predicament Mabel's Strange Predicament Mabel Normand Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Alice Davenport Harry McCoy Hank Mann Al St. the hat small and the shoes large. I began to know him. I wanted everything to be a contradiction: the pants baggy. Chaplin's Tramp is shown swigging from a flask toward the beginning of the film and . John Enrique Juan Vallejo Frank D. mentored the young comedian. who had written and directed films before Chaplin. Mabel's Strange Predicament is one of more than a dozen early films that writer/director/comedienne Mabel Normand made with Chaplin. I added a small mustache. and by the time I walked on stage he was fully born" (Chaplin. Interestingly. but remembering Sennet had expected me to be a much older man. The Tramp was first presented to the public in Chaplin's second film Kid Auto Races at Venice (released Feb 7th 1914) though Mabel's Strange Predicament. Williams Keystone Studios 9 February 1914 17 minutes  United States Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Strange Predicament is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Mabel Normand and Charles Chaplin. would add age without hiding my expression. the coat tight. I was undecided whether to look old or young. I had no idea of the character. I did not like my get-up as the press reporter [in Making a Living]. Normand. It was for this film that Chaplin first conceived of and played the Tramp. big shoes. (released Feb 9th 1914) was produced a few days before. As Chaplin recalled in his autobiography: "I had no idea what makeup to put on. which I reasoned. a cane and a derby hat.

He later runs into her in the hotel corridor..org (viewable and downloadable movie) References [1] http:/ / www. Lover Hank Mann . Tramp Mabel Normand .. a touch that Chaplin abandoned later in his career. Mabel Chester Conklin . org/ details/ CC_1914_02_09_MabelsStrangePredicament . His portrayal of drunkenness remains convincingly realistic. com/ title/ tt0004284/ [2] http:/ / www. and Mabel's lover. gets tied up in her dog's leash. 34 Plot In a hotel lobby a heavily drunk Charlie runs into an elegant lady. archive.. and falls down. locked out of her room... John . The Tramp also keeps his derby cocked throughout the proceedings. Hotel Guest Al St.. Mabel. Wife Harry McCoy . Mabel ends up in one of an elderly husband where she hides under the bed. Husband Alice Davenport ... They run through various rooms.. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin ..... Bellboy External links • Mabel's Strange Predicament [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Mabel's Strange Predicament [2] at archive. not to mention the staggeringly drunken Tramp. her husband. imdb. Enters the jealous wife. soon attacking Mabel..Mabel's Strange Predicament subsequently becoming so drunk that he staggers when he walks and falls down repeatedly near the end.

Sterling first sees the woman trying to cross and offers her an umbrella he stole from a policeman. When Sterling returns with the log.Policeman's Lady Friend .Between Showers 35 Between Showers Between Showers Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Reed Heustis Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. who fight over the chance to help a young woman (Clifton) cross a muddy street. Emma Bell Clifton. While Sterling and Chaplin go to get the logs. Then Chaplin comes along and offers the woman to help her cross as well and wait for his return. Masher and Rival Masher. and demands the umbrella back. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Mutual Film Corporation February 28.Policeman Emma Bell Clifton . 1914 15 minutes United States English Between Showers is a 1914 short film made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. It starred Charlie Chaplin. a policeman (Conklin) lifts the woman across the street. Ford Sterling. he was indignant that the woman did not wait for him to come back to help her cross the muddy street.Masher Ford Sterling .Lady in Distress Sadie Lampe . When the woman refused. and asked her to wait for him as he goes to get something to help her. Plot Chaplin and Sterling play two young men. Cast • • • • • Charlie Chaplin . they engage in a fight which eventually involves Chaplin. and Chester Conklin.Rival Masher Chester Conklin .

Between Showers 36 External links • Between Showers [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Between Showers [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Between Showers [3] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. archive. com/ work/ 150056 . org/ details/ CC_1914_02_28_BetweenShowers [3] http:/ / www. allmovie. com/ title/ tt0003679/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb.

Mabel Ford Sterling . Roscoe Arbuckle. He goes to Keystone Studios to find her.The Keystone Girl Mabel Normand . External links • A Film Johnnie [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Film Johnnie [2] at archive. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . and a fire breaks out. He disrupts the shooting of a film. Charlie is blamed. and Mabel Normand.Himself Plot Charlie goes to the movie and falls in love with a girl on the screen.org (viewable and downloadable movie) . gets squirted with a firehose.The Film Johnnie Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .A Film Johnnie 37 A Film Johnnie A Film Johnnie Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Roscoe Arbuckle Virginia Kirtley Mabel Normand Ford Sterling Cinematography Frank D. and is shoved by the female star. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 2 March 1914 15 minutes  United States Silent film English (Original titles) A Film Johnnie is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin.Himself Virginia Kirtley .

A Film Johnnie 38 References [1] http:/ / www. and acrobatic Arbuckle fighting over a girl. com/ title/ tt0003961/ [2] http:/ / www. menacing. with a drunken Chaplin. Chaplin appears with no moustache. and the huge. archive. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 9 March 1914 12 minutes  United States Silent film English (Original titles) Tango Tangles is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin and Fatty Arbuckle. org/ details/ CC_1914_03_02_FilmJohnny Tango Tangles Tango Tangles Theatrical poster to Tango Tangles Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Ford Sterling Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Chester Conklin Minta Durfee Cinematography Frank D. . imdb. The action takes place in a dance hall. Ford Sterling.

Tango Tangles 39 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Guest External links • Tango Tangles [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Watchable and downloadable movie [2] at archive. com/ title/ tt0004670/ [2] http:/ / www.Band leader Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Tipsy Dancer Ford Sterling .Guest in Police Costume Minta Durfee . archive.org References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. org/ details/ CC_1914_08_13_CharliesRecreation .Clarinettist Chester Conklin .

Charlie drinks some more and engages in rogue behaviors with others. com/ title/ tt0004091/ [2] http:/ / www. eventually getting kicked out of the house. imdb. follows the woman home. archive.org (viewable and downloadable movie) References [1] http:/ / www. Synopsis Charlie gets drunk in the bar. He finally leaves the bar.His Favourite Pastime 40 His Favourite Pastime His Favourite Pastime Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Viola Barry Cinematography Frank D.Drunken masher • Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios March 16.Beautiful lady External links • His Favourite Pastime [1] at the Internet Movie Database • His Favourite Pastime [2] at archive. org/ details/ CC_1914_03_16_HisFavoritePasttime . sees the woman leaving. only to retreat after the woman's father returns. Cast • Charles Chaplin . meets a pretty woman. and proceeds to make a nuisance of himself. tries to flirt with her. 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles His Favourite Pastime is a 1914 American comedy film starring Charlie Chaplin.Shabby drunk • Viola Barry . He steps outside. Returning to the bar.

English (Original titles) Cruel. Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. Plot This early Chaplin film has him playing a character quite different from the Tramp for which he would become famous.  United States Silent film. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Mutual Film Corporation March 26. Chaplin's romantic interest in this film. Cruel Love Theatrical poster to Cruel. Cruel Love Cruel.Lord Helpus/Mr. 1914 16 min. Cruel Love is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin. Minta Durfee. Cruel Love (1914) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Edgar Kennedy Minta Durfee Alice Davenport Glen Cavender Billy Gilbert Chester Conklin (uncredited) Cinematography Frank D.Cruel. upper-class gentleman whose romance is endangered when his girlfriend oversees him being embraced by a maid. Cruel Love 41 Cruel.The Lady Eva Nelson . was the wife of fellow Keystone actor. He is a rich. Dovey Edgar Kennedy .Lord Helpus' Butler Minta Durfee . Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .Maid .

Cruel. Cruel Love was then copied and its original two reel format is available for sale. com/ title/ tt0003805/ . downloadable movie) • Cruel. Cruel Love [1] at archive. archive. Cruel Love [2] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb.Cruel. Cruel Love was presumed a lost film for 50 years until a rather good complete nitrate copy was discovered in South America.org (viewable. org/ details/ CC_1914_03_26_CruelCruelLove [2] http:/ / www. External links • Cruel. Cruel Love 42 Rediscovery Cruel.

The Star Boarder 43 The Star Boarder The Star Boarder Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Gordon Griffith Alice Davenport Cinematography Frank D. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin .org (viewable. com/ title/ tt0004637/ [2] http:/ / www.Landlady's friend External links • The Star Boarder [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Star Boarder (aka The Landlady's Pet) [2] at archive. imdb.Landlady's husband Gordon Griffith .Landlady Edgar Kennedy .Their son Alice Davenport . Synopsis Charlie is the favorite of his landlady. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 April 1914 16 minutes  United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Star Boarder is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin. archive. org/ details/ CC_1914_04_04_TheLandladysPet . downloadable movie) References [1] http:/ / www. and the other boarders are jealous.The Star Boarder Minta Durfee .

Villain Mabel Normand . But Mabel decides to take the wheels in his place.Mabel at the Wheel 44 Mabel at the Wheel Mabel at the Wheel Directed by Produced by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Chester Conklin Mack Sennett Al St.Spectator William Hauber . thus causing a threat to Charlie. competing with his rival's race car. tries to sabotage the race by using oil and bombs on the track. but their dirty tricks were not enough to stop the high-spirited Mabel from winning the race. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 18 April 1914 18 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel at the Wheel is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. As the race progresses.Mabel's boyfriend Chester Conklin .Henchman Joe Bordeaux .Reporter Al St.Mabel's co-driver .Mabel's father Mack Sennett . John Joe Bordeaux Mack Swain William Hauber Cinematography Frank D. Synopsis Charlie. John . Charlie with his henchmen.Mabel Harry McCoy . offers Mabel a ride on his motorcycle but drops her in a puddle. Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Dubious character Mack Swain . They seem to succeed for a while. He also kidnaps his rival before the race. Mabel manages to gain a lead of three laps. and directed by Mabel Normand and Mack Sennett. despite a very late start.

imdb. com/ title/ tt0004277/ .Mabel at the Wheel 45 External links • Mabel at the Wheel [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.

Lover Gordon Griffith .Sleeper External links • Twenty Minutes of Love [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Twenty Minutes of Love [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0004736/ [2] http:/ / www.Twenty Minutes of Love 46 Twenty Minutes of Love Twenty Minutes of Love Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Gordon Griffith Chester Conklin Josef Swickard Hank Mann Cinematography Frank D.Edgar' Girl Edgar Kennedy . imdb. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . 1914 20 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Twenty Minutes of Love is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios.Victim Hank Mann .Boy Chester Conklin .Pickpocket Josef Swickard . archive. org/ details/ CC_1914_04_20_TwentyMinutesofLove . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 20 April.Pickpocket Minta Durfee . It was the first film directed by Charlie Chaplin.

. Chaplin plays a waiter who fakes being a Greek Ambassador to impress a girl. Williams Keystone Studios 27 April 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Caught in a Cabaret is a short film from 1914 starring Charlie Chaplin and the film's writer/director Mabel Normand. Mabel Normand wrote and directed comedies before Chaplin and mentored her young co-star. He then is invited to a garden party where he gets in trouble with the girl's jealous boyfriend.Caught in a Cabaret 47 Caught in a Cabaret Caught in a Cabaret Caught in a Cabaret in a French re-issue as Charlot Garçon de Bar Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Chester Conklin Edgar Kennedy Minta Durfee Phyllis Allen Frank D.

org/ details/ CC_1914_04_27_CaughtinaCaberet .Mabel Harry McCoy .Cafe proprietor Minta Durfee .Father Alice Davenport .Party Guest Hank Mann .Cabaret Patron Wallace MacDonald .Dancer Josef Swickard .Party guest External links • Caught in a Cabaret [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Caught in a Cabaret [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Waiter Edgar Kennedy .Caught in a Cabaret 48 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Waiter Mabel Normand . com/ title/ tt0003758/ [2] http:/ / www.Lover Chester Conklin . imdb. archive.Boy Alice Howell .Dancer Phyllis Allen .Mother Gordon Griffith .

imdb.Hotel guest External links • Caught in the Rain [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Caught in the Rain 49 Caught in the Rain Caught in the Rain Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Alice Davenport Alice Howell Cinematography Frank D.Husband Alice Davenport .Wife Alice Howell .Tipsy hotel guest Mack Swain . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 May 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) Caught in the Rain is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. This film was the first of many movies that Charlie Chaplin both directed and starred. com/ title/ tt0003760/ . Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .

Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios Mutual Film May 7. the wife interrupts the set of a film. org/ details/ CC_1914_05_07_ABusyDay . com/ title/ tt0003733/ [2] http:/ / www. the husband pushes the wife off of a pier and she falls into the harbor. allmovie.A Busy Day 50 A Busy Day A Busy Day Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. 1914 6 minutes United States English A Busy Day is a 1914 short film starring Charlie Chaplin and Mack Swain. On her way to attack the couple. com/ work/ 150300 [3] http:/ / www. archive. imdb. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin as Wife Mack Swain as Husband Phyllis Allen as The Other Woman Mack Sennett as Film director Billy Gilbert as Police officer External links • A Busy Day [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Busy Day [2] at Allmovie • A Busy Day [3] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. knocking over a film director and a police officer. Finally. Plot In A Busy Day. a wife becomes jealous of her husband's interest in another woman.

who also portrays one of Chaplin's rivals for Normand's attention (Sennett and Normand were offscreen lovers during this period). thus losing his trust and the girl in the end. Charlie and one suitor teams up against the third. The film was written and directed by Mack Sennett. mentored the young comedian.Rival suitor Mack Swain .Suitor Mabel Normand .Another rival . Synopsis Three men will fight for the love of a charming girl.Mabel Mack Sennett . Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin . throwing bricks and using a mallet. Normand. Charlie double-crosses his partner. who had written and directed films before Chaplin. and play dirty. The Fatal Mallet is one of more than a dozen early films that writer/director/comedienne Mabel Normand made with Charles Chaplin. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 1 June 1914 18 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Fatal Mallet is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.The Fatal Mallet 51 The Fatal Mallet The Fatal Mallet Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Cinematography Frank D. However.

com/ title/ tt0003934/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_06_01_TheFatalMallet .The Fatal Mallet 52 External links • The Fatal Mallet [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Fatal Mallet [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. archive. imdb.

Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 June 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Her Friend the Bandit is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.Mabel • Charles Murray . This is Chaplin's only lost film as no copy is known to exist. both of whom co-directed the movie. Cast • Charles Chaplin . com/ title/ tt0004074/ .Count de Beans External links • Her Friend the Bandit [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Her Friend the Bandit 53 Her Friend the Bandit Her Friend the Bandit Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Charles Murray Cinematography Frank D. imdb.Bandit • Mabel Normand .

John Hank Mann Mack Swain Cinematography Frank D. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 11 June 1914 27 minutes  United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Knockout (1914) was Charlie Chaplin's seventeenth film for Keystone Studios. Edgar Kennedy and Keystone owner. Minta Durfee. Chaplin only has a small role. Mack Sennett in a minor role as a spectator. . The film was directed by Charles Avery.The Knockout 54 The Knockout The Knockout Theatrical poster to The Knockout Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Avery Mack Sennett Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Charles Chaplin Frank Opperman Al St. and Fatty Arbuckle takes up the main role. and made in 1914 in America. It also stars Arbuckle's wife.

com/ title/ tt0004194/ .Pug's girlfriend Edgar Kennedy .Cyclone Flynn Charles Chaplin .Gambler External links • The Knockout [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Pug's rival Hank Mann .Fight promoter Al St.Tough Mack Swain .Referee Frank Opperman .The Knockout 55 Cast • • • • • • • • Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle . imdb. John .Pug Minta Durfee .

Synopsis Mabel tries to sell hot dogs at a car race.Tough hotdog customer Al St. Mabel finds out that Charlie has stolen them and sends the police after him. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Policeman Charley Chase .Hotdog thief Wallace MacDonald . John Charley Chase Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Cinematography Frank D.Spectator . Charlie finds them and gives them away to the hungry spectators at the track as Mabel frantically tries to find her lost box of hot dogs.Policeman Billie Bennett . but isn't doing a very good job at it.Mabel Chester Conklin .Woman Harry McCoy . Chaos ensues. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 13 June 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Busy Day is a 1914 short starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.Mabel's Busy Day 56 Mabel's Busy Day Mabel's Busy Day Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Chester Conklin Slim Summerville Billie Bennett Harry McCoy Wallace MacDonald Edgar Kennedy Al St. the film was also written and directed by Mabel Normand.Spectator Edgar Kennedy . John .Police sergeant Slim Summerville .Tipsy nuisance Mabel Normand . She sets down the box of hot dogs and leaves them for a moment.

Mabel's Busy Day • Mack Sennett .Spectator 57 External links • Mabel's Busy Day [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Mabel's Busy Day [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Customer • Henry Lehrman . imdb. com/ title/ tt0004280/ .

As was so often the case during his first year in film. John .Mabel's Married Life 58 Mabel's Married Life Mabel's Married Life Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Cinematography Frank D. and directed by Chaplin. The husband goes off to a bar and gets drunk.Man in bar Harry McCoy .Mabel's Husband Mabel Normand .Man in bar Wallace MacDonald .Wellington Eva Nelson .Mabel Mack Swain . Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Wellington's wife Hank Mann .Delivery boy . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 20 June 1914 17 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Married Life is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring and co-written by Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.Delivery boy Al St. Chaplin's character is soon staggering drunk.Tough in bar Charles Murray . Synopsis Mabel goes home after being humiliated by a masher whom her husband won't fight.

Mabel's Married Life 59 External links • Mabel's Married Life [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0004282/ .

Dr.Patient Josef Swickard .Dentist's Wife Joseph Sutherland .Patient Gene Marsh . Charlie is then sent to the drug store by the dentist. thus becoming another dental patient. Plot Although only a dental assistant.Patient (uncredited) . He also pulls the skirt off of the dentist's wife while she is outside walking. Charlie pretends to be the dentist.Dentist's Assistant Fritz Schade . the Dentist Alice Howell . At one point Charlie pulls the wrong tooth from an unfortunate patient. a patient can't stop laughing. Pain.Patient Mack Swain . "The Dentist". Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Short Assistant Slim Summerville . using over sized pliers. so Charlie knocks him out with a club. and "Tuning His Ivories". "Down and Out". It is also known as "Busy Little Dentist". After receiving too much anesthesia. "Laffing Gas".Laughing Gas (1914 film) 60 Laughing Gas (1914 film) Laughing Gas Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. gets in a fight with a man who receives a brick in the face. Williams Editing by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin 9 July 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Laughing Gas is a 1914 film starring Charlie Chaplin.

com/ title/ tt0004210/ [2] http:/ / www. archive. imdb.Laughing Gas (1914 film) 61 External links • Laughing Gas [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Laughing Gas [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_07_09_LaffingGas .

all of which we see is: The "Goo-Goo Sisters". billed as comediennes. allowing Charlie to step in. Once the dressing-room issue is resolved the next issue is getting everyone on stage with the correct backdrop. The order of performance. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 1 August 1914 31 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Property Man is a short 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. ranging from delight to booing. Small caricatures on the wall indicate both the stars and the head of what can only be Charlie Chaplin with the word "PROPS" below. Synopsis Charlie is in charge of stage "props" and has trouble with actors' luggage and conflicts over who gets the star's dressing room. a strong-man aided by his beautiful assistant who gets knocked out just before she goes on stage. "Sorrow" a drama performed by a man and woman. . two young girls dancing "Garlico" and his Feets of Strength (sic).The Property Man 62 The Property Man The Property Man Theatrical poster to The Property Man Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Phyllis Allen Alice Davenport Charles Bennett Mack Sennett Norma Nichols Joe Bordeaux Harry McCoy Lee Morris Cinematography Frank D. During the performances we see the audience reaction throughout.

org/ details/ CC_1914_08_01_CharolotGargonDeTheater .The Property Man Phyllis Allen .George Ham. often distrupting the on-stage performances. 63 Trivia The first section contains one of the first continuity errors.Vaudeville artist Joe Bordeaux .Lena Fat Alice Davenport .Drunk in audience Lee Morris . imdb. Whilst early films often lack any logical progression and could be claimed to be riddled with such. The audience also break into a fight. Lena's husband Mack Sennett . Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Man in audience Norma Nichols .The Property Man Backstage Charlie and an old man fight. there is a point intended to run smoothly from one room to another where Charlie is burdened with a very heavy chest on his back. archive. and on the other his hat is instantly back on his head. com/ title/ tt0004499/ [2] http:/ / www. and a hose brought out behind the scenes ends up squirted over them.Man in audience External links • The Property Man [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Charolot Gargon De Theater (French version of The Property Man) [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. We see him lose his hat on one side.Old actor Harry McCoy .Actress Charles Bennett .

Drinker Harry McCoy .Artist/Tramp Cecile Arnold .Drinker Vivian Edwards . He keeps futilely trying to draw the woman's picture on the floor with a piece of chalk until he finally passes out cold (or perhaps dies.Drinker Hank Mann . Chaplin stars in this film.The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) 64 The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) The Face on the Bar Room Floor Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Hugh Antoine d'Arcy (poem) Charles Chaplin Cecile Arnold Fritz Schade Vivian Edwards Chester Conklin Harry McCoy Hank Mann Wallace MacDonald Cinematography Frank D.Model Chester Conklin . finds himself drunk and getting drunker by the minute with some sailors at a bar until he's literally falling down. loosely based on the poem of the same name by Hugh Antoine d'Arcy. as in the poem) at the end of the film. Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Drinker Wallace MacDonald . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 10 August 1914 14 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Face on the Bar Room Floor is a short film written and directed by Charles Chaplin in 1914. devastated by losing the woman he was courting as a wealthy man.Madeleine Fritz Schade . Synopsis A painter turned tramp (Charlie Chaplin).Drinker .

archive.The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) 65 External links • The Face on the Bar Room Floor [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Face on the Bar Room Floor [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0003923/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_08_10_FaceOnTheBarroomFloor . imdb.

Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 13 August 1914 7 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Recreation is a short comedy film written. Cast • Charles Chaplin . It was released on 13 August 1914.Tramp External links • Recreation [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Recreation (film) 66 Recreation (film) Recreation Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. directed. imdb. and starring Charlie Chaplin. com/ title/ tt0004518/ .

Film actor Chester Conklin . Its running time is 16 minutes.Film director Fritz Schade . It is the tenth film directed and the second written by Chaplin. He returns convincingly dressed as a lady and charms the director.Leading lady .The Masquerader 67 The Masquerader The Masquerader Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Chester Conklin Charles Murray Fritz Schade Minta Durfee Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Harry McCoy Charley Chase Cinematography Frank D. Synopsis Charlie plays an actor who bungles several scenes and is kicked out. Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Film actor Charles Murray .Film actor Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Actor/villain Minta Durfee . The plot involving a man dressing up as a woman is quite popular in old silent movies. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 27 August 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Masquerader is a 1914 film written and directed by Charles Chaplin and starring Chaplin and Roscoe Arbuckle. but Charlie never makes it into the film.

com/ title/ tt0004311/ [2] http:/ / movies2. nytimes. imdb.The Masquerader • • • • Cecile Arnold .Actor 68 External links • The Masquerader [1] at the Internet Movie Database • New York Times Review [2] • The Masquerader [3] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Actress Harry McCoy .Actress Vivian Edwards . org/ details/ CC_1914_08_27_TheMasquerader . html?v_id=152546 [3] http:/ / www. archive.Actor Charley Chase . com/ gst/ movies/ movie.

1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His New Profession is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin. The film involves Chaplin taking care of a man in a wheelchair. Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Keystone Studios August 31. . It is also known as "The-Good-For-Nothing".His New Profession 69 His New Profession His New Profession Theatrical poster to His New Profession Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Jess Dandy Charley Chase Cecile Arnold Harry McCoy Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Minta Durfee Charles Murray Cinematography Frank D.

Policeman Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Girl with eggs Harry McCoy .Drinker (uncredited) External links • His New Profession [1] at the Internet Movie Database • His New Profession [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Charlie Jess Dandy . org/ details/ CC_1914_08_31_TheGoodforNothing .His New Profession 70 Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . com/ title/ tt0004101/ [2] http:/ / www. archive. imdb.Invalid uncle Charley Chase .Nephew Cecile Arnold .Bartender Helen Carruthers .Woman (uncredited) Charles Murray .

and was written and directed by Charles Chaplin.The Rounders (1914 film) 71 The Rounders (1914 film) The Rounders Theatrical poster to The Rounders Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Roscoe Arbuckle Cinematography Frank D. Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Keystone Studios 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Rounders is a 1914 comedy short starring Charles Chaplin and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. Cast • Charles Chaplin as Reveller • Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle as Charlie's Neighbor • Phyllis Allen as Charlie's Wife • Minta Durfee as Fatty's Wife • Al St. John as Bellhop/Waiter • Jess Dandy as Diner • Wallace MacDonald as Diner • Charley Chase as Diner Uncredited cast • Billy Gilbert as Doorman in blackface . The film involves two drunks fighting with their wives who then go out to get even drunker.

com/ title/ tt0004546/ [2] http:/ / www. Cline as Hotel Guest in Lobby Ted Edwards as Cop William Hauber as Waiter Edgar Kennedy in Bit Part 72 External links • The Rounders [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Rounders Archive [more] [2] available for free download at the Internet Chaplin and Arbuckle sink into a lake in the final scene of The Rounders References [1] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_09_07_TheRounders .The Rounders (1914 film) • • • • • • Cecile Arnold as Hotel Guest Dixie Chene as Diner Edward F. imdb. archive.

Chaplin brings a certain complexity to his janitor. John T. Chaplin comes to the rescue only to be misjudged by the Chief Banker as the thief. The Secretary fingers the manager and Charlie receives a just reward and a handshake for foiling the robbery.Bank President John T.Janitor Jess Dandy .this film is a coherent whole in which the stock characters actually fill some emotional center. John Cinematography Frank D. Thus the manager decides to steal from the company. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Dillon. Meanwhile. Plot The hero. Dillon Al St. unusual to the comedy factory of Mack Sennett. Dillon . After all this is a typical bank robbery storyline. and Helen Carruthers. a janitor played by Chaplin. one of the junior managers (Dillon) is being threatened with exposure by his bookie for gambling debts unpaid. Comedy flows from within the story rather than as a by-product of story. The film also demonstrates the differences that Chaplin had with Keystone comedy --. which stars among Sennett's bit players Jess Dandy. is far more centered and clear in direction. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 14 September 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The New Janitor was the 27th comedy from Keystone Studios to feature Charlie Chaplin.Bank Secretary .Villainous manager Al St. and a precursor to a key Essanay Studios short. is fired from work for accidentally knocking his bucket of water out the window and onto his boss the chief banker (Tandy). Al St. The Bank.The New Janitor 73 The New Janitor The New Janitor Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Jess Dandy John T. John . The film is arguably one of his best for the studio.Elevator boy Helen Carruthers . The film. John. He is caught in the act of raiding the vault by the bank secretary (Carruthers) who rings the downstairs for help.

imdb. com/ title/ tt0004395/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_09_14_TheNewJanitor .The New Janitor 74 External links • The New Janitor [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The New Janitor [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. archive.

Masher • Chester Conklin .Those Love Pangs 75 Those Love Pangs Those Love Pangs Theatrical poster to Those Love Pangs Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Cinematography Frank D.Brunette girl • Helen Carruthers . Synopsis Charlie and a rival vie for the favors of their landlady. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 10 October 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Those Love Pangs is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin.Blonde girl • Vivian Edwards .Landylady External links • Those Love Pangs [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Those Love Pangs Archive [more] [2] available for free download at the Internet .Rival • Cecile Arnold . Cast • Charles Chaplin .

archive. Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Sydney Chaplin Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Mutual Film Corporation October 26. com/ title/ tt0004693/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_10_10_TheRivalMashers Dough and Dynamite Dough and Dynamite Theatrical poster for Dough and Dynamite Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Fritz Schade Norma Nichols Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Phyllis Allen John Francis Dillon Edgar Kennedy Slim Summerville Charley Chase Wallace MacDonald Cinematography Frank D. .Those Love Pangs 76 References [1] http:/ / www. 1914 33 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Dough and Dynamite is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. imdb.

Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . org/ details/ DoughandDynamite .Striking baker Charley Chase (as Charles Parrott) . Bakery Owner Norma Nichols .Customer Wallace MacDonald .Mme. When the two are forced to work as bakers.Striking baker Slim Summerville .Customer Edgar Kennedy . the Baker's Wife Cecile Arnold .Waitress Vivian Edwards .Pierre Chester Conklin . with explosive results.Dough and Dynamite 77 Plot The story involves Chaplin and Chester Conklin working as waiters at a restaurant where the cooks go on strike. archive.Monsieur La Vie. the striking cooks put dynamite in the dough. La Vie. imdb.Jacques Fritz Schade .Customer Phyllis Allen .Customer External links • Dough and Dynamite [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Dough and Dynamite [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Customer John Francis Dillon . com/ title/ tt0003863/ [2] http:/ / www.

Wow-Woe Mabel Normand .Mr.Mabel Chester Conklin . the friend gets stuck and a policeman shows up. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Mr. As Charlie's friend is attempting to enter the raceway through a hole.Patron .Policeman Alice Davenport . Walrus Phyllis Allen .Ambrose Mack Swain . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 29 October 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Gentlemen of Nerve is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand. Synopsis Mabel and her beau go to an auto race and are joined by Charlie and his friend.Gentlemen of Nerve 78 Gentlemen of Nerve Gentlemen of Nerve Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Chester Conklin Mack Swain Phyllis Allen Edgar Kennedy Alice Davenport Cinematography Frank D.Flirty woman Edgar Kennedy .

org/ details/ CC_1914_10_29_CharlottMabelAuxCourses . com/ title/ tt0004007/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb.Gentlemen of Nerve 79 External links • Gentlemen of Nerve [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Gentlemen of Nerve [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. archive.

Charlie.Piano store manager Fritz Schade .His Musical Career 80 His Musical Career His Musical Career Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Charley Chase Fritz Schade Frank Hayes Cecile Arnold Cinematography Frank D. and repossess one from 999 Prospect St. Synopsis Charlie and his partner are to deliver a piano to 666 Prospect St. piano mover Mack Swain .Mike Charley Chase (as Charles Parrott) . Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 7 November 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Musical Career (Also known as "Musical Tramp") is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin.Mrs Rich .Mr Rich Frank Hayes .Mr Poor Cecile Arnold .

archive.His Musical Career 81 External links • His Musical Career [1] at the Internet Movie Database • His Musical Career [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0004100/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_11_07_MusicalTramps .

It is resolved at the end. Controversy arises in the park between Charlie and his wife and Ambrose and his wife. . Synopsis Charlie and his friend Ambrose meet in a restaurant and accidentally leave with each other's coats. Charlie was going to pick up a baby bottle and Ambrose was going to mail a love letter that was in his coat pocket. but Charlie sparks another fight between the other couple by showing his friend's wife the love letter that was in his pocket. Charlie's wife finds the letter and thinks he has a secret lover and Ambrose's wife believes he has an illegitimate child. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 9 November 1914 32 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Trysting Place is a short 1914 film starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.His Trysting Place 82 His Trysting Place His Trysting Place Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Swain Phyllis Allen Cinematography Frank D.

org/details/CC_1914_11_09_HisTrystingPlace) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .His Trysting Place 83 Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .Ambrose Phyllis Allen .Ambrose's wife References External links • His Trysting Place (http://www.imdb.archive.Mabel Mack Swain .com/title/tt0004108/) at the Internet Movie Database • His Trysting Place (http://www.Clarence Mabel Normand .

A silent film directed by Mack Sennett. Charlie Chaplin. Mabel Normand. the film stars Marie Dressler. It is notable as being the last Chaplin film which he did not write nor direct himself. and he escapes with his old girlfriend and the money.Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 84 Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) Tillie's Punctured Romance Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Hampton Del Ruth Mack Sennett Marie Dressler Mabel Normand Charlie Chaplin Mack Swain Chester Conklin The Keystone Cops Charley Chase (uncredited) Gordon Griffith (uncredited) Release date(s) November 14. . and the Keystone Cops. He gets Tillie drunk in a restaurant and asks her to let him hold the pocketbook. In the city. produced in 1914. she agrees. Since she is drunk. he meets the woman he was seeing already. When he sees that Tillie's father has a very large bankroll for his workers. Plot Chaplin plays a womanizing city man who meets Tillie (Dressler) in the country after a fight with his girlfriend (Normand). 1914 Running time Country Language 82 min United States Silent film English intertitles Tillie's Punctured Romance is the first feature-length comedy film from Keystone Film Company and the Christie Film Company. and tries to work around the complication to steal Tillie's money. he persuades her to elope with him.

and didn't die after all. a millionaire who died while on a mountain-climbing expedition. He does so.... hoping to be rescued. Detective in Movie Theatre (uncredited) • Dixie Chene . Prison Matron/Restaurant patron (uncredited) • Billie Bennett . didn't harm anyone....... John Banks. Tillie is named sole heir and inherits three million dollars. Charlie's Girl Friend • Charlie Chaplin . Restaurant Owner/Butler (uncredited) • Grover Ligon .... Guest (uncredited) • Nick Cogley . smuggled into the house and working as one of their maids..... where Tillie is now forced to work to support herself. Mabel.. The uncle is found on a mountaintop... luckily. Uncle Banks insists that Tillie be arrested for the damage she has caused to his house. Crook's Girlfriend in "A Thief's Fate" (uncredited) • Ted Edwards .. Guest (uncredited) • Minta Durfee . Newsboy (uncredited) • William Hauber .. as she is too embarrassed to go home. which was in disarray after Tillie instigated a gunfight (a direct result of the husband smuggling the old girlfriend into the house) which. The three run from the cops all the way to a dock. a paperboy asks him to buy a newspaper. He leaves. Country Girl • Mabel Normand . Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Hank Mann ... First Pianist in Restaurant (uncredited) • Charley Chase .Guest (uncredited) • Edgar Kennedy ." which illustrates their thievery in the form of a morality play.. and the two girls become friends. Tillie's Father • Chester Conklin .. The man leaves his girlfriend on the park bench and runs to the restaurant.Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) Later that day.. 85 Cast • Marie Dressler . She flails about. While sitting on a park bench. and reads the story about Tillie's Uncle Banks. Charlie.. Whoozis • Phyllis Allen .. Maid/Party Guest (uncredited) • Joe Bordeaux .. Policeman (uncredited) • Glen Cavender . They both feel guilty and leave the theatre. Mr.. He goes back to his mansion.. He begs her to take him back and marries her. Keystone Cop Desk Sergeant (uncredited) • Alice Davenport ... They move into the uncle's mansion and throw a big party.... Servant/Cop (uncredited) • Fred Hibbard .... She is eventually pulled to safety. she believes that he truly loves her. Tillie Banks.. and both Tillie and the man's girlfriend realize that they are too good for him. they see a picture show entitled "A Thief's Fate.. which ends horribly when Tillie finds her husband with his old girlfriend... where a car "bumps" Tillie into the water.. Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Gene Marsh . Waiter (uncredited) • Gordon Griffith .. Maid/Waitress (uncredited) Description of Marie Dressler's character Description of Charlie Chaplin's character . Although she is skeptical at first. Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Wallace MacDonald ... City Slicker • Mack Swain . Servant (uncredited) • Alice Howell .

. 1914... Simpson (uncredited) Fritz Schade . four men unsuccessfully attempt to help Tillie up when she falls. Although it's usually assumed that his performance in this film predated his crafting of the Tramp persona.. Rev. Chester Conklin and Mack Swain appear in both. Chaplin's characterization in this movie is distinctly different from that of his beloved "Little Tramp". The 1928 film Another comedy called Tillie's Punctured Romance was released in 1928 starring W. Second Pianist in Restaurant/Pianist in Theatre/Servant (uncredited) • • • • • • • • Milton Berle . C.. taken to the police station.. and she bites it. and Tugboat Annie (1933). Tillie.. Keystone Cop (uncredited) Slim Summerville .. although in the latter film the Tillie character has a different last name. Kid (uncredited. for which she won an Academy Award. Waiter/Diner (uncredited) Al St.. She died of cancer the following year. Fields as a circus ringmaster. Chaplin had already appeared in more than 30 shorts as the Tramp by the time Tillie's Punctured Romance was released as the first full-length comedy feature on November 14. has a police officer wave his finger in her face. D. Tillie's Tomato Surprise (1915) and Tillie Wakes Up (1917). Tillie's unique career Dressler appeared as Tillie in two more movies. Dressler's career completely stalled in the late 1920s to the point that she found herself flat broke and unable to find work. see below) Charles Murray .. Milton Berle always claimed that he played the five-year-old paperboy in the film. Keystone Cop (uncredited) Morgan Wallace . and doubtful. beating out Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford by topping the exhibitors' poll as the screen's most popular actress three years in a row and becoming MGM's biggest star in the wake of two smash-hit films with fellow character actor Wallace Beery: Min and Bill (1930). External links • Tillie's Punctured Romance [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Tillie's Punctured Romance [2] at Allmovie • Tillie's Punctured Romance [3] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . Although often erroneously cited as a remake... but the role was actually portrayed by Gordon Griffith. Keystone Cop (uncredited) A...Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) • Harry McCoy .. the later movie actually bears no resemblance to the 1914 film aside from sharing the same title. The comedy in the film is largely slapstick: people frequently kick each other or trip each other. but she came back stronger than ever between 1930 and 1933. Detective in 'A Thief's Fate' (uncredited) Frank Opperman . Thief in the Movie within the Movie (uncredited) 86 Characteristics of the film Although he wears a moustache... John . Edward Sutherland ..

Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 5 December 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) A Fair Exchange formerly named as "Getting Acquainted" is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand. The policeman is looking for a masher. Sniffels Mack Swain . com/ title/ tt0004707/ [2] http:/ / www.Mrs.Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 87 References [1] http:/ / www.Ambrose's wife Harry McCoy . Synopsis Charlie and his wife are walking in the park when they encounter Ambrose and his wife where they become attracted to each other's wife and start chasing them around the park.Policeman Cecile Arnold . Sniffels Phyllis Allen . org/ details/ CC_1914_11_14_TilliesPuncturedRomance Getting Acquainted A Fair Exchange Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Phyllis Allen Mack Swain Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Edgar Kennedy Cecile Arnold Cinematography Frank D. imdb.Mary .Flirt in park Edgar Kennedy .Mr.Ambrose Mabel Normand . com/ work/ 49967 [3] http:/ / www. allmovie. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . archive.

Getting Acquainted 88 External links • Getting Acquainted [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Getting Acquainted [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. archive. org/ details/ CC_1914_12_05_AFairExchange . com/ title/ tt0004011/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb.

King Low-Brow rules the land and a harem of wives. It was Chaplin's last film with Keystone Studios. however.His Prehistoric Past 89 His Prehistoric Past His Prehistoric Past Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Gene Marsh Fritz Schade Cecile Arnold Al St.Cavewoman Al St. Synopsis Set in the stone age.Sum-Babee.King Lowbrow Gene Marsh . he is presumed dead and Charlie crowns himself King.Weakchin Mack Swain .Caveman Sydney Chaplin . When Charlie arrives in this land (where every man has one thousand wives). Lowbrow's Favorite Water Maiden Cecile Arnold . He also stars in this short. John . When the King falls over a cliff. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . It turns out it was a dream and a police man bashed Charlie over the head with his club because he was sleeping in the park.Sum-Babee.Policeman . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 7 December 1914 10 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Prehistoric Past is a short movie written by and directed by Charlie Chaplin in 1914. Lowbrow's Favorite Water Maiden Fritz Schade . he falls in love with the King's favorite wife. John Cinematography Frank D. The King. is not dead and comes back and bashes Charlie over the head with a rock.

His Prehistoric Past 90 References External links • His Prehistoric Past (http://www.com/title/tt0004102/) at the Internet Movie Database • His Prehistoric Past (http://www.org/details/CC_1914_12_07_HisPrehistoricpast) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .archive.imdb.

When he finally gets to act.Actor. Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin . While waiting.Film Extra.[1] The title is an inside reference to this being Chaplin's first film after leaving Keystone Studios for Essanay Studios. and starring Charlie Chaplin.Film Extra Leo White . and tears the skirt of the star of the movie.His New Job 91 His New Job His New Job Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Ben Turpin Charlotte Mineau Leo White Robert Bolder Charles J. Bates Jess Robbins Distributed by Essanay Studios Release date(s) February 1.Film Extra Ben Turpin .[1] Gloria Swanson appears as an uncredited extra. Stine Arthur W. he plays in a dice game and gets on many people's nerves. Charlie gets his chance to be on camera and replaces the actor. Hussar Officer . Synopsis When one of the actors on a movie set doesn't show up. directed by. accidentally destroys the set. he ruins his scene. 1915 Running time Country Language 32 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles) His New Job is a short 1915 film written by. in Afternoon Charlotte Mineau .

Retrieved 2009-07-03. External links • His New Job (http://www.imdb.Studio President Charles J. Silent Era. Stenographer (uncredited) 92 References [1] "Progressive Silent Film List: His New Job" (http:/ / www. .com/title/tt0005489/) at the Internet Movie Database • His New Job (http://www. com/ PSFL/ data/ H/ HisNewJob1915.org/details/CC_1915_02_01_HisNewJob) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .archive.Carpenter Jess Robbins . Stine .His New Job • • • • • Robert Bolder .Extra.Cameraman Gloria Swanson . silentera. html). Bates .Director Arthur W.

1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Night Out is a 1915 Charlie Chaplin comedy short. It was also Chaplin's first film with Essanay Film Company in Niles. after which he moved to Niles Studios. . who would continue as his leading lady for the following eight years. He found Purviance in San Francisco when he was searching for leading lady for his films. was made in the Chicago studio. It was Chaplin's first film with Edna Purviance. Chaplin's first Essanay film.A Night Out (film) 93 A Night Out (film) A Night Out French theatrical poster to A Night Out Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Ben Turpin Bud Jamison Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company February 15. California. His New Job. A Night Out also stars Ben Turpin. Leo White and Bud Jamison.

Fellow Reveller Bud Jamison . imdb.A Night Out (film) 94 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin .'French' Dandy/Desk clerk External links • A Night Out [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Night Out [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Headwaiter Edna Purviance . com/ title/ tt0005810/ [2] http:/ / www.Reveller Ben Turpin . org/ details/ CC_1915_02_15_ANightOut . archive.Headwaiter's Wife Leo White .

Broncho Billy Anderson can be seen as an enthusiastic audience member in the boxing match scene. starring Charlie Chaplin alongside Edna Purviance and Leo White.The Champion (1915 film) 95 The Champion (1915 film) The Champion Theatrical poster for The Champion (1915) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Ernest Van Pelt Robert Shields Lloyd Bacon Leo White Carl Stockdale Billy Armstrong Paddy McGuire Bud Jamison Ben Turpin Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company March 11. 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) The Champion is a comedy film released in 1915 by Essanay Studios. Essanay co-owner and star. .

Sparring partner Paddy McGuire . org/ details/ CC_1915_03_01_TheChampion .Ringside vendor External links • The Champion [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Champion [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Spike Dugan Lloyd Bacon . Champion Ben Turpin .The Champion (1915 film) 96 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Crooked gambler Carl Stockdale . imdb.Challenger Edna Purviance .Trainer's daughter Ernest Van Pelt .Sparring partner Billy Armstrong .Bob Uppercut. archive.Second sparring partner Leo White .Sparring partner Bud Jamison . com/ title/ tt0005074/ [2] http:/ / www.

but when he tries to pick Charlie's pocket loses his cigarettes and matches. Synopsis A tramp steals a girl's handbag. Charlie gets the handbag. so Charlie helps him out. Lloyd Bacon. but takes a few with his walking stick.In the Park 97 In the Park In the Park Theatrical poster to In the Park Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Leo White Edna Purviance Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Films March 18. The boyfriend decides to throw himself in the lake in despair. and Bud Jamison. The handbag makes its way from person to person to its owner. It was his third film while at the Niles Essanay Studio. The film co-starred Edna Purviance. When the thief tries to take some of Charlie's sausages. It was one of several films Charlie Chaplin created in a park setting. Leo White. who is angry with her boyfriend who didn't protect her in the first place. He rescues a hot dog man from a thug. . 1915 15 minutes (restored version) United States Silent film English intertitles In the Park is Charlie Chaplin's fourth film released in 1915 by Essanay Films.

Edna's Beau Billy Armstrong .In the Park 98 Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . imdb.The Count's Fancy Bud Jamison .Nursemaid Leo White . com/ title/ tt0005542/ [2] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1915_03_18_InThePark . archive. Elegant Masher Leona Anderson .Sausage Seller External links • In the Park [1] at the Internet Movie Database • In the Park [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Sausage Thief Ernest Van Pelt .Charlie Edna Purviance .The Count.

1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Jitney Elopement was Charlie Chaplin's fifth film for Essanay Films. . Charlie does take her away in a jitney. It starred Charlie Chaplin and Edna Purviance as lovers. a type of share taxi popular in the United States between 1914 and 1916.A Jitney Elopement 99 A Jitney Elopement A Jitney Elopement Theatrical poster to A Jitney Elopement Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Lloyd Bacon Ernest Van Pelt Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company April 1. Most of the film was made in San Francisco and includes scenes of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park and the large Windmills still in the park's westside. with Edna wanting Charlie to take her away from an arranged marriage her father (played by Fred Goodwins) had planned for her.

Cop with Baton Carl Stockdale .Cop Fred Goodwins .Undetermined Role External links • A Jitney Elopement [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Edna's Suitor • • • • Paddy McGuire .Edna • Ernest Van Pelt . Edna's true love.Count Chloride de Lime. com/ title/ tt0005571/ . impersonates the Count at dinner Cast A scene filmed in Golden Gate Park • Charles Chaplin . the Fake Count • Edna Purviance .Edna's father • Leo White . Charlie.Count Chloride de Lime. imdb. Edna's Suitor • Lloyd Bacon .Suitor.Old Butler/Cop Bud Jamison .A Jitney Elopement 100 Synopsis Edna's father wants her to marry wealthy Count Chloride de Lime.

with a sad ending and showing he cared for others. California studio. The film co-stars Edna Purviance as the farmer's daughter and Ernest Van Pelt as Edna's father. it was the fifth and last film made at Essanay's Niles. even though Chaplin played the character in earlier films.The Tramp (film) 101 The Tramp (film) The Tramp Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Jess Robbins Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company 11 April 1915 32 minutes United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) The Tramp was Charlie Chaplin's sixth film for Essanay Studios in 1915.[1] The Tramp marked the beginning of The Tramp character most known today. The outdoor scenes were filmed on location near Niles. rather than just himself. Directed by Chaplin. . This film marked the first departure from his more slapstick character in the earlier films.

com/title/tt0006177/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Tramp (http://www. Retrieved 2010-11-02.Tramp Edna Purviance .allmovie. silentera. He helps defend the farm against criminals. .The Tramp (film) 102 Synopsis The Little Fellow finds the girl of his dreams and work on a family farm.Minister References [1] "Progressive Silent Film List: The Tramp" (http:/ / www. though he is seen skipping and swinging his cane as if happy to be back on the road where he knows he belongs.Farmhand Lloyd Bacon .Farmer's daughter Ernest Van Pelt .archive. Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .com/work/143211) at Allmovie • The Tramp (http://www. Unwilling to be a problem in their lives. com/ PSFL/ data/ T/ Tramp1915. External links • The Tramp (http://www. Silent Era.imdb. and all seems well. he takes to the road. html).First Thief Bud Jamison .Second Thief Billy Armstrong .Farmer Paddy McGuire .Edna's Fiancé/Second Thief Leo White .org/details/CC_1915_04_11_TheTramp) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . until he discovers the girl of his dreams already has someone in her life.

The story centers on Charlie's Little Tramp character and how he gets into trouble trying to grab the attention of the ladies on the beach. He just left Niles Essanay Studio after doing five films at that location.By the Sea (1915 film) 103 By the Sea (1915 film) By the Sea Theatrical release poster to By the Sea Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Jess Robbins Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Billy Armstrong Margie Reiger Bud Jamison Edna Purviance Paddy McGuire Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin General Film Company April 29. By the Sea was filmed all on location at Crystal Pier in April 1915. 1915 20 minutes United States Silent English (original intertitles) By the Sea is a 1915 film Charlie Chaplin made while waiting for a studio to work in Los Angeles. . Edna Purviance plays one of the wives in whom he shows interest.

com/ title/ tt0005044/ [2] http:/ / www. After fighting with one of the two husbands.By the Sea (1915 film) 104 Synopsis It is windy at a bathing resort. Charlie approaches Edna while the two husbands themselves fight over ice cream. org/ details/ CC_1915_04_29_ByTheSea .Man in top hat's sweetheart Paddy McGuire . Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Man in straw hat's wife Bud Jamison .Man in straw hat Margie Reiger .Man in top hat Edna Purviance .Stroller Billy Armstrong .Second cop External links • By the Sea [1] at the Internet Movie Database • By the Sea [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. Driven away by her husband. Charlie turns to the other's wife. imdb.First cop Ernest Van Pelt . archive.

Wake.Work (1915 film) 105 Work (1915 film) Work Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Billy Armstrong Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company June 21. The householder is angry because he can't get breakfast and his wife is screaming at the maid as they arrive. Wake's assistant Charles Inslee . The stove explodes violently.The Plasterbearer . 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) Work is a 1915 silent film starring Charlie Chaplin (his eighth film for Essanay Films). and Charlie offers to fix it.The Wife Leo White . The wife's secret lover arrives and is passed off as the workers' supervisor.Izzy A. but the husband doesn't buy this and fires shots. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . It was filmed at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles. and co-starring Edna Purviance. The kitchen gas stove explodes.The Secret Lover Paddy McGuire . Marta Golden and Charles Insley.Izzy A. Paperhanger Edna Purviance .The Husband Marta Golden . destroying the house.Maid Billy Armstrong . Synopsis Charlie and his boss have difficulties just getting to the house they are going to wallpaper.

Work (1915 film) 106 External links • Work [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Work [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. archive. imdb. org/ details/ CC_1915_06_21_Work . com/ title/ tt0006313/ [2] http:/ / www.

He played a woman in two Keystone films: The Masquerader and A Busy Day. the mother is played by Marta Golden and the father by Charles Insley. 1915 20 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Woman was Charlie Chaplin's ninth film for Essanay Films.A Woman 107 A Woman A Woman French theatrical poster to A Woman Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Marta Golden Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company July 12. In this film. The film starts with Chaplin meeting Edna (Edna Purviance) and her parents in a park. Chaplin dresses as a woman to fool Edna's father. . It was made in Los Angeles at the Majestic Studio and released in 1915. It was the third and last time Chaplin played the role of a woman on film.

Father's Lady Friend • Billy Armstrong .Daughter of the House • Charles Inslee . com/ title/ tt0006309/ [2] http:/ / www.Father's Friend • Leo White .Daughter of the House • Margie Reiger .A Woman 108 Cast • Charles Chaplin . imdb. archive.Idler in the Park External links • A Woman [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Woman [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1915_07_12_AWoman .Her Father • Marta Golden .Gentleman/'Nora Nettlerash' • Edna Purviance .

Edna Purviance plays the secretary on whom Charlie has a crush and dreams that she has fallen in love with him. . There doesn't appear to be any evidence that this film was received any differently from the bulk of Chaplin's early work. 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) The Bank was Charlie Chaplin's tenth film for Essanay Films. as Charlie Chaplin plays a janitor at a bank. Released in 1915. Filmed at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles.The Bank (1915 film) 109 The Bank (1915 film) The Bank Theatrical poster to The Bank Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Carl Stockdale Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company August 9. but today this film is often considered one of his most fascinating efforts. it is a departure from the tramp character. Silent.

Bank Robber and salesman Lloyd Bacon .Another Janitor • • • • • • • • Fred Goodwins .Bank Robber Frank J. a Janitor • Edna Purviance .Charles. archive.Bank Customer Lawrence A. imdb. com/ title/ tt0004936/ [2] http:/ / www.Bank Customer Carrie Clark Ward . a Cashier • Charles Inslee .Bald Cashier/Bank Robber with Derby John Rand .Bond Salesman External links • The Bank [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Bank [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Bank Robber Paddy McGuire .Charlie.Charles.Cashier in White Coat Wesley Ruggles . a Secretary • Carl Stockdale .Clerk Screenshot from the film • Billy Armstrong . Bowes .The Bank (1915 film) 110 Cast • Charles Chaplin . a Cashier • Leo White .Edna. org/ details/ CC_1915_08_09_TheBank . Coleman .

Charlie assists in the galley and attempts to serve food during a gale. Synopsis A shipowner intends to scuttle his ship on its last voyage to get the insurance money. a tramp in love with the owner's daughter. is grabbed by the captain and promises to help him shanghai some seamen. .Shanghaied (1915 film) 111 Shanghaied (1915 film) Shanghaied Swedish theatrical poster to Shanghaied Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Wesley Ruggles Bud Jamison Billy Armstrong Paddy McGuire Leo White John Rand Fred Goodwins Lee Hill Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios 4 October 1915 30 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Shanghaied is a 1915 American comedy silent film made by Essanay Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Charlie. The daughter stows away to follow Charlie.

Second Mate.Second Shanghaied Seaman Leo White .org (viewable and downloadable movie) References [1] http:/ / www. archive. org/ details/ CC_1915_10_04_CharlieShanghaied .Sailor in Rain Hat External links • Shanghaied [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Shanghaied [2] at archive.Daughter of the Shipowner Wesley Ruggles .Shanghaied (1915 film) 112 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Cabin Boy in Coveralls Lee Hill . com/ title/ tt0006032/ [2] http:/ / www.Shipowner Bud Jamison . The Other Man Billy Armstrong .Ship's Cook Fred Goodwins .Third Shanghaied Seaman John Rand .First shanghaied Seaman Paddy McGuire .Tramp Edna Purviance . imdb.

It was made at Majestic Studio in Los Angeles the fall of 1915.A Night in the Show 113 A Night in the Show A Night in the Show Theatrical poster to A Night in the Show Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charlotte Mineau Dee Lampton Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company November 20. Edna Purviance played a minor role as a lady in the audience. Rowdy.S. Chaplin played two roles: one as Mr. tours with Fred Karno company and decided to bring some of this play to his film work. Pest and one as Mr. The film was created from Chaplin's stage work from a play called Mumming Birds (aka A Night at an English Music Hall in the USA) with the Karno Company from London. 1915 30 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Night in the Show was Charlie Chaplin's 12th film for Essanay. . Chaplin performed this play during his U.

Pest tries several theatre seats before winding up in front in a fight with the conductor. archive. Rowdy Edna Purviance .Second Man in Balcony Front Row John Rand . imdb. org/ details/ CC_1915_11_20_ANightInTheShow .Frenchman/Negro in Balcony Wesley Ruggles .Orchestra Conductor James T. Pest and Mr.Gentleman in Audience Charles Inslee .Lady in the Stalls Dee Lampton .Tuba Player External links • A Night in the Show [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Night in the Show [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www.Fat Lady and Snake Charmer Phyllis Allen . com/ title/ tt0005812/ [2] http:/ / www.Trombone Player and Singer Paddy McGuire . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Lady in the Stalls with Beads Charlotte Mineau .Feather Duster/Clarinet Player May White .A Night in the Show 114 Synopsis Mr.Lady in Audience Fred Goodwins .Mr. Kelley .Fat Boy Leo White .

Theda Bara had recently played the part in a film version in 1915. It was released in 1915 and then later recut into a different version in 1916. Charlie Chaplin played Darn Hosiery and Edna Purviance played Carmen. .Burlesque on Carmen 115 Burlesque on Carmen Burlesque on Carmen Theatrical poster to Burlesque on Carmen Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Prosper Mérimée Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Jack Henderson Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company December 18. Carmen was very popular at this time and one of the reasons Chaplin decided to create his own comedy version on the opera. 1915 44 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) Burlesque on Carmen is Charlie Chaplin's thirteenth film for Essanay Films.

com/ title/ tt0005077/ . Coleman .Soldier External links • Burlesque on Carmen [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Bowes .Lillas Pastia • Leo White .Burlesque on Carmen 116 Synopsis A gypsy seductress is sent to sway a goofy officer to allow a smuggling run.Escamillo the Toreador • May White .Frasquita • Bud Jamison . imdb.Darn Hosiery • Edna Purviance . Cast • Charles Chaplin . Officer of the Guard • John Rand .Gypsy • Frank J.Carmen • Jack Henderson .Soldier of the Guard • Lawrence A.Morales.

Charlie.Fruitseller/Flop House Manager/Policeman John Rand .Third Flophouse Customer Paddy McGuire .Jailbird and Thief James T.Honest Preacher/Policeman with Monocle Billy Armstrong . Kelley Leo White John Rand Fred Goodwins Billy Armstrong Snub Pollard Bud Jamison Paddy McGuire George Cleethorpe Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios 27 May 1916 34 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Police was Charlie Chaplin's 14th released film from Essanay released in 1916. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Fifth Flophouse Customer .Police (1916 film) 117 Police (1916 film) Police Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Wesley Ruggles James T. It was made at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles. Convict 999 Edna Purviance . Kelley .Fruitseller/Flop House Manager/Policeman Fred Goodwins .Daughter of the House Wesley Ruggles .Drunk with Pockets Picked/Second Flophouse Customer Leo White . Charlie playing an ex-convict finds life on the outside not to his liking and leads him to breaking into a home with another thief (Wesley Ruggles). A fellow ex-convict convinces Charlie to help burglarize a house.Crooked Preacher/Second Cop Bud Jamison . Edna Purviance plays the girl living in the home who tries to change him. Synopsis Charlie is released from prison and immediately swindled by a fake person.Crooked Preacher/Second Cop Snub Pollard .

Police (1916 film) • George Cleethorpe .Policeman at Station with Moustache 118 External links • Police [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0007194/ .

It starred Charlie Chaplin. agents of the Pretzelstrass meet with the Count (Leo White) to devise a plan to get at Colonel Nutt's device. Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . even though it has many Chaplin directed scenes. inundating the Count in the process.Maid Leo White . Back in the kitchen. Meanwhile.Count Billy Armstrong .The Janitor Edna Purviance .Singing Drunk Bud Jamison . Since Chaplin did not have legal control over the films made during his time with Essanay. he could not prevent its release. Colonel Nutt demonstrates his new wireless explosive device to his daughter (unidentified actress). Edna Purviance and Leo White. This film was not an official Chaplin film. with Leo White as director for the new scenes. He takes the trash can and dumps it over the fence. 1918 23 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Triple Trouble is a two-reel silent comedy film that was released in 1918. the maid scolds Charlie.Tramp Wesley Ruggles .A Man 'Snub' Pollard . Kelley . but then .Triple Trouble (1918 film) 119 Triple Trouble (1918 film) Triple Trouble Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Leo White Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Leo White Charles Chaplin Billy Armstrong Edna Purviance Leo White Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios General Film Company August 11.Flop house tramp (uncredited) Synopsis Charlie (Charlie Chaplin) takes a job as a janitor in the home of Colonel Nutt (unidentified actor). a munitions manufacturer. Charlie carelessly dumps garbage all over the maid (Edna Purviance) and her newly clean floor. it was edited together out of outtakes and newly shot footage by the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company. As the butler (unidentified actor) introduces Charlie to the ill-tempered cook (Billy Armstrong).Crook Albert Austin .Cook and Pickpocket James T.

singing drunk (James T.Triple Trouble (1918 film) becomes emotional. Charlie agrees to help him find a mark. On April 9. At this point. he runs into the pickpocket on the street. his first feature-length comedy. In the aftermath. and it has been suggested that White was strong-armed into the task. The Count enters the house. 1916 Essanay had also issued a version of Chaplin's Burlesque on Carmen padded with additional material to bring it to a 4-reel length. Triple Trouble represented a new wrinkle in Essanay's strategy: "If you bought a piece of real estate and foresaw that its value would quadruple if you held it a certain length of time. According to publicity material that appeared at the time of its release in August 1918. he is robbed also.." Back at the flophouse. They storm the Nutt house. and amid the chaos. His day's work done. intended for Charlie. but instead of taking his money he agrees to join the caper to liberate Dr. However. a telegram from Chaplin published in the August 11. and it winds up hitting the cook also. Chaplin's own response was swift. they are in an abandoned lot."[3] Such hyperbole is somewhat disingenuous. their last "new" Chaplin comedy. was his last authorized title with the company. and is hit by a wet rag thrown by the maid. most often uncredited. who rejects his offers and has the Count ejected by way of the butler. in close to 2000 films. and when the cook begins to act cruelly towards the maid in return. 120 History and Background Chaplin's contract with Essanay ended at the beginning of 1916 when he went to Mutual. Triple Trouble is the only [4] credit he ever received for direction. smoking. Chaplin had begun work on Life. the court determined that Essanay had the right to reinvent the client work Chaplin had done for them in any way that they saw fit[2] .what they really needed was one-reel subjects to fill then voracious public demand for Chaplin's work. Charlie manages to escape. which we believe is NOW.. The conversation is overheard by a cop. the standard for comedies by this this time.dispatches with a champagne bottle. lying around. Kelley) whom he eventually -. Certainly Chaplin never held it against him.and somewhat affectionately -. and through borrowing the ending from Work (1915 film). this material was shot in 1918 and directed by character actor Leo White. and leads him to the Nutt house. waiting for something to happen. The Count makes his way to the Colonel. The cops are all still there. We held this negative in our vaults for the most opportune time of release.and perhaps two -sequences that had been intended for the unfinished Life. 1918 issue of Moving Picture World reads. A thief (Bud Jamison) steals in during the night and robs the singing drunk. as he continued to hire White as a supporting actor in his own films into the 1940s. but when the thief tries to stab him it wakes everyone up and a fight breaks among all of the men. Essanay contrived new material to pad it out to the length of a two-reeler. Charlie sticks up for her. Essanay created Triple Trouble. The Count tosses it off to the side. Nevertheless. but the studio had stepped in and stopped the production as Chaplin was taking too long -. Though White appeared. Charlie is prevented from settling down by a loud. Charlie makes his way to a flophouse for a night's sleep.] We knew there would come a time when it would be worth many times its weight in gold.on July 8. what would you do? That's just what we did with Triple Trouble. Charlie disguises himself under the blankets and manages to get his money back from the thief. the pickpocket is buried in a heap of rubble and Charlie is seen poking his head out of the kitchen stove[1] . Nutt of his invention. a pickpocket (also Billy Armstrong) holds up the Count. "THIS IS NOT A NEW CHAPLIN BUT FROM THE ADVERTISING . by taking at least one -. bridging them with outtakes from Police. Chaplin filed to sue on May 6. dodging several cops on the way. Police (1916 film). released on May 27. and highly disrupt its resident. but explain to him that they "are on the trail of a great robbery. Pandemonium breaks out when the pickpocket enters the house. This opened the door to a number of subsequent Essanay-Chaplin compilations and re-releases such as The Essanay-Chaplin Revue of 1916 and Chase Me Charlie (1918). and he comforts her. [. who then runs off to inform his fellow officers. In addition. Colonel Nutt's explosive device is detonated. blowing all of the cops skyward. and although Charlie takes what he thinks are adequate precautions. shooting craps. recognizing him as an old friend. in 1915. but to no avail -.

even in 1918. Gerald D. and Charlie directs him towards the house again.for the most part -. and he seemed to agree with that aspect of the inherent value of Triple Trouble through including the title in the filmography attached to his autobiography in 1964[9] . and includes one shot that does not appear in other versions.Triple Trouble (1918 film) LAYOUT IN TRADE REVIEW MUST BE NOTHING BUT THE DISCARDED PORTIONS OF POLICE THE LAST PICTURE MADE BY CHARLIE CHAPLIN FOR ESSANAY FIRST NATIONAL SHOULD STOP THESE MISLEADING STATEMENTS AND ADVERTISING WHICH MUST BE STAMPED OUT. the continuity in Triple Trouble is very difficult to follow. swallowing it while he sleeps. that Triple Trouble "would be worth many times its weight in gold" apparently didn't pan out. Triple Trouble was practically the last new film that Essanay produced. and it circulated in 8 and 16mm in the era of home movie collecting. Some Chaplin scholars felt that the result was unconvincing and that certain incompatible details between the flophouse sequence which remains in Police and that from Triple Trouble indicate that the Triple Trouble material is merely a similar scene. It was followed by a trickle of reissues of older titles that finally petered out in 1920. some have found value in Triple Trouble.it is derived from a 35mm print. This starts a battle. McDonald." A review on the imdb refers to it as "Chaplin's worst film. A crook robs the men in the lodging house but Chaplin takes the money from him. Government's anti-trust suit against former Motion Picture Patents Trust companies and an inability to compete in a market dominated by features. in his seminal 1975 book The Silent Clowns. stated that the film was "worthless. Michael Conway and Mark Ricci stated that the film "has remarkable continuity and the pieces fit together. sources for Triple Trouble are numerous. 1916 indicates a deleted scene similar to the content in Triple Trouble: "[Charlie] goes to a lodging house and in order to save his dollar from thieves puts it in his mouth. director Don McGlynn included a "reconstruction" of Police which attempted to re-incorporate the flophouse sequence from Triple Trouble into the earlier film."[11] As part of his television documentary The Chaplin Puzzle (1992). except for what it can tell us about the vein Chaplin was tempted to explore in his own kind of feature[8] . In Police. .S. yet he is still looking for a place to rob later in the film. The story doesn't make any sense[6] " and indeed. The issue is regarded as unresolved. For Essanay." As it was. Nevertheless. presumably double-crossing his employer in the process. The Essanay description of Police filed with the Library of Congress at the time of copyright on May 12."[5] 121 Legacy and Preservation Evaluations of the finished film vary. but one derived from an independent project. Burdened by the fallout from the loss of final appeals relating to the U. almost miraculously[7] . however. The Moving Picture World called it an "atrocious patch quilt of ancient slapstick reels. in their 1965 book The Films of Charlie Chaplin. The Images DVD version on Chaplin's Essanay Comedies Volume 3 has been adjudged the best available in that -. the pickpocket knows where the house is as the Count has already directed him towards it. Chaplin did not make an actual feature until The Kid (1921). the scene is taken from the opposite angle. As a Chaplin film in the public domain." Walter Kerr.[10] Controversy There is considerable controversy as to whether the flophouse sequence in Triple Trouble was footage trimmed from Police or part of the uncompleted project Life.

html [11] http:/ / groups. Knopf.org/details/CC_1918_xx_xx_TripleTrouble) (video).html) ."COMING! A Band New CHARLIE CHAPLIN Comedy.The Silent Clowns. August 11. 2005 [5] Charlie Chaplin via J. imdb.imdb. movies. imdb.My Autobiography. chaplin/ browse_thread/ thread/ a2d52c59df664d0b/ fa2f0760b74c4ce6?hl=en& lnk=gst& q=triple+ trouble& pli=1 • Triple Trouble (http://www. Internet Archive • Progressive Silent Film List entry on Triple Trouble (http://www. 1918 [4] Ted Okuda & David Maska -. Citadel Press."Trade Papers Announcing Essay Issue of 'Triple Trouble'. com/ group/ alt. NY 1975 [9] Charlie Chaplin -. com/ video/ tripleTroubleHV. com/ title/ tt0007476/ combined [7] Gerald D. archive. NY 1965 [8] Walter Kerr -. com/ title/ tt0006497/ combined [3] George K.Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Birth of the Tramp. Williams -. Michael Conway and Mark Ricci -.archive. Simon & Schuster. iUniverse. August 3." Moving Picture World. McDonald.com/PSFL/data/T/ TripleTrouble1918. New York. New York. NY 1964 [10] http:/ / www. silentera. D. Alfred A. org/ details/ CC_1918_xx_xx_TripleTrouble [2] http:/ / www.silentera. Nebraska. Spoor -. 1918 [6] http:/ / www.Triple Trouble (1918 film) 122 External links and References [1] http:/ / www. google. Lincoln.com/title/tt0007476/) at the Internet Movie Database • Charlie Chaplin's Triple Trouble (1918) (http://www.The Films of Charlie Chaplin." Moving Picture World. New York.

Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation May 15. Eric Campbell. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Eric Campbell Edna Purviance Starring Cinematography William C. made in 1916. Edna Purviance plays a minor role as a secretary to store manager. as a customer who creates chaos in a department store and becomes inadvertently entangled in the nefarious scheme of the store manager.[1] It was noted for the first 'running staircase' used in films which is used for a series of slapstick that climaxes with a frantic chase down an upward escalator and finding they are remaining in the same position on the steps no matter how fast they move. It stars Chaplin. . played by Lloyd Bacon. 1916 2 Reels (24 minutes in restored. in his traditional Tramp persona. to embezzle money from the establishment. speed-corrected version)  United States Silent film English intertitles The Floorwalker was Charlie Chaplin's first Mutual Film Corporation film.The Floorwalker 123 The Floorwalker The Floorwalker Theatrical poster to The Floorwalker Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. played by Eric Campbell. and the store's floorwalker.

Additionally.Beautiful store detective References [1] Simon Louvish (2009) Chaplin: The Tramp's Odyssey. A scene in The Pink Panther. and in the TV series Family Guy and The X-Files. 124 Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . This scene has been duplicated many times. in an episode of I Love Lucy.Store manager Edna Purviance . Harpo Marx did a reprise of this scene. most famously in the Marx Brothers film Duck Soup. mimics the mirror scene. London.Assistant manager Albert Austin . the Mickey Mouse cartoon Lonesome Ghosts.The Floorwalker Roughly seven minutes from the start of the film. with Lucille Ball also donning the fright wig and trench coat. stumble into opposite doors of an office and are intrigued by their likeness to each other.imdb.com/title/tt0006689/) at the Internet Movie Database . Later renditions can be found in the Bugs Bunny cartoon Hare Tonic. with David Niven and Robert Wagner wearing identical gorilla costumes. Chaplin and the store's floorwalker. an early episode of The Patty Duke Show contains a mirror scene in which the characters Patty and Cathy Lane (both played by Patty Duke) act out a version similar to the one found in the film Duck Soup.Tramp Eric Campbell .Shop assistant Charlotte Mineau . They mirror each other's movements to deft comic effect in a highly influential "mirror scene".Manager's secretary Lloyd Bacon . dressed in his usual costume. Lloyd Bacon. Faber and Faber: 105 External links • The Floorwalker (http://www.

reversing the horses. A lot of the kicking in the film is clearly unfaked and fairly violent. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Lloyd Bacon Eric Campbell William C. 1916 32 minutes  United States Starring Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English intertitles The Fireman is the second film Charlie Chaplin created for Mutual Film Corporation in 1916. Bacon played a character trying to arrange with Eric Campbell (the fire chief) to have his house burn down so he could collect on the insurance money. It shows some early day street scenes in the surrounding Los Angeles area. . hurrying back to station (in reverse) when he forgets the crew etc. Foster Roland Totheroh Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation June 12. The huge water tank in the station also comically has a second function as the coffee machine.The Fireman (film) 125 The Fireman (film) The Fireman Theatrical poster to 1930s sound reissue of The Fireman Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. it starred Chaplin as the fireman and Edna Purviance as the daughter to Lloyd Bacon. The film makes use of reversing the film several times for comic effect: sliding up the fireman's pole. Released on June 12.

Coleman as Fireman External links • The Fireman [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.The Fireman (film) 126 Cast • Charles Chaplin as Fireman • Edna Purviance as Girl • Lloyd Bacon as Her Father • Eric Campbell as Foreman of the Brigade • Leo White as Owner of Burning House • Albert Austin as Fireman • John Rand as Fireman • James T. Kelley as Fireman • Frank J. com/ title/ tt0006684/ . imdb.

playing on a violin to raise money and exciting rivalry with competing musicians . the Tramp. Driving off with the latter. Released to theaters on July 10. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography William C.which results in a bar room brawl and comic mayhem. before riding off with her in a commandeered cart. 1916 24 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Vagabond is a silent film by Charlie Chaplin and his third film with Mutual Films. Eric Campbell. The intimacy which develops between them. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation July 10. The story begins with Charlie. though bedraggled. Edna and entertains her with his violin. in the country. who whips her mercilessly. chief among them Eric Campbell. Charlie comes to her rescue and knocks her tormentors on the head with a stick. as Charlie washes her face in a bowl and combs her hair. This film echoed Chaplin's work on The Tramp. Edna suddenly realises that her heart belongs to Charlie and orders the car to reverse and [1] take him along with her.The Vagabond (film) 127 The Vagabond (film) The Vagabond Theatrical poster to The Vagabond Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. he encounters the beautiful. She has been abducted and abused by the gypsies. is complicated by the arrival of an artist love rival and her parents. arriving at a bar. 1916. Leo White and Lloyd Bacon. . Wandering off into the vicinity of a gypsy caravan. it co-starred Edna Purviance. with more drama and pathos mixed in with the comedy.

Band Leader James T.imdb.Gypsy and Musician References [1] Simon Louvish (2009) Chaplin: The Tramp's Odyssey.Gypsy Drudge Eric Campbell . Faber and Faber: 105-8 External links • The Vagabond (http://www.Saloon Violinist Edna Purviance .archive.Gypsy and Musician Frank J.org/details/CC_1916_07_10_TheVagabond) at the Internet Archive .com/title/tt0007507/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Vagabond (http://www. Coleman .Gypsy Chieftain Leo White .Girl's Mother Albert Austin .The Vagabond (film) 128 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Kelley .Trombonist John Rand .Trumpeter.Artist Charlotte Mineau .Old Jew/Gypsy Woman Lloyd Bacon . London.

M.M. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation August 7. It was the first film he starred in alone.M. 1916 2 Reels (full length unknown) c.  United States Silent film English intertitles One A.M. was a unique Charlie Chaplin silent film created for Mutual Films in 1916. Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. .M. 34 mins. 129 One A. One A. except for a brief scene of Albert Austin playing a cab driver. Theatrical poster to One A.One A. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Starring Cinematography William C.

Taxi driver External links • One A.M. com/ blog/ ?p=2058 . [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Article at InDigest Magazine about the film recently being scored by [2] Justin Vernon (Bon Iver) References [1] http:/ / www. Cast • Charles Chaplin . He only wants to go to bed. 130 Synopsis Chaplin plays the role of a homeowner coming home late.Drunk • Albert Austin .One A. but the inanimate objects around him prevent him. com/ title/ tt0007145/ [2] http:/ / indigestmag.M. after too much to drink. imdb.

The Count (film)

131

The Count (film)
The Count

Theatrical poster to The Count
Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell

Starring

Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation September 4, 1916 34 minutes
 United States

Silent film English intertitles

The Count is Charlie Chaplin's fifth film for Mutual Film Corporation in 1916. Released on September 4, it co-starred Eric Campbell and Edna Purviance.

Synopsis
The tailor's handyman (played by Chaplin) burns a count's trousers while ironing them and is fired. His superior (Campbell) discovers a note explaining the count can't attend a party, and dresses up like one to take his place. Chaplin also goes to the residence hosting the party, but runs into the tailor. They both then struggle to win the fair maiden, Miss Moneybags (Purviance). Soon, Charlie is distracted by a gypsy girl and the tailor must fend off other suitors. The real Count finally arrives, learns of the imposters and calls the police. Chaplin makes a mad dash through the party and scampers away to safety.

The Count (film)

132

Cast
• Charles Chaplin - Tailor's apprentice • Edna Purviance - Miss Moneybags • Eric Campbell - Tailor

External links
• The Count [1] at the Internet Movie Database

References
[1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0006548/

The Pawnshop

133

The Pawnshop
The Pawnshop

Directed by Produced by Written by

Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman

Starring

Cinematography William C. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation October 2, 1916 32 minutes
 United States

Silent

The Pawnshop was Charlie Chaplin's sixth film for Mutual Film Corporation. Released on October 2, 1916, it stars Chaplin in the role of assistant to the pawnshop owner, played by Henry Bergman. Edna Purviance plays the owner's daughter, while Albert Austin appears as an alarm clock owner who watches Chaplin in dismay as he checks out the clock; the massive Eric Campbell's character attempts to rob the shop. This was one of Chaplin's more popular movies for Mutual, mainly for the slapstick comedy he was famous for at the time.

One customer. pulls a gun and tries to rob the place. Chaplin disarms him. com/ title/ tt0007162/ .The Pawnshop 134 Synopsis Chaplin plays an assistant in a pawnshop run by Bergman. deals with eccentric customers. posing as a jewelry buyer. imdb. and flirts with the pawnbroker's daughter. Primary cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin: Pawnshop assistant Henry Bergman: Pawnbroker Edna Purviance: His daughter John Rand: Pawnshop assistant Albert Austin: Client with clock Wesley Ruggles: Client with ring Eric Campbell: Thief External links • The Pawnshop [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. He engages in a slapstick battles with his fellow pawnshop assistant.

1916 15 minutes USA Silent film English intertitles Behind the Screen is a 1916 short silent film written by. . and also starring Eric Campbell and Edna Purviance. Much of the film is slapstick comedy involving Chaplin manhandling large props. and Purviance. Chaplin plays a stagehand named David while Campbell. directed by. who is unable to become an actress. dressing as a man and becoming a stagehand. a large man. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation November 13. The film takes place in a movie studio. but other plotlines include a strike by the stagehands. plays Goliath. and starring Charlie Chaplin.Behind the Screen 135 Behind the Screen Behind the Screen Theatrical poster to Behind the Screen Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. his supervisor. Caulfield Charles Chaplin Vincent Bryan Maverick Terrell Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C.

Behind the Screen The film is significant to the history of homosexuality in the cinema.Goliath (a stagehand) Media Behind the Screen 1st part  Behind the Screen 2nd part  Behind the Screen . After Chaplin learns that Purviance is really a woman. including an alternate take where Purviance's character is shown playing a harp.[1] The documentary series Unknown Chaplin revealed previously unseen footage from this movie. thinking that Chaplin has kissed a man. at this point.The Girl • Eric Campbell . a male stagehand enters and. 136 Cast • Charles Chaplin . and several takes of a scene in which Chaplin's character narrowly misses having his feet chopped off by an axe (accomplished by filming the scene backwards) -this scene was never used in the final film. starts laughing (the documentary supports the belief that Purviance and Chaplin were romantically involved at the time).David (Goliath's assistant) • Edna Purviance . starts acting in an overtly effeminate way until Chaplin kicks him. as it contains a joke about the subject.4th part  . an outtake in which Edna. playing Chaplin kissing Purviance in "Behind the Screen" the guitar.3rd part  Behind the Screen . which was relatively unusual at the time. he kisses her while on the set.

7th part  Behind the Screen .com/title/tt0006414/) at the Internet Movie Database . Chaplin: His Life and Times (2003).imdb.8th part  References [1] The Celluloid Closet. DVD documentary (1995).Behind the Screen 137 Behind the Screen 5th part  Behind the Screen 6th part  Behind the Screen . External links • Behind the Screen (http://www. Lynn. Kenneth S.

1916 24 minutes  United States Silent film English intertitles The Rink. . It is best known for showcasing Chaplin's roller skating skills. was Charlie Chaplin's eighth film for Mutual Films.The Rink (film) 138 The Rink (film) The Rink Theatrical poster to The Rink Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. a silent film from 1916. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation December 4. It co-starred Edna Purviance. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Henry Bergman Albert Austin Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. Henry Bergman and Albert Austin. Eric Campbell.

archive. Stout. htm .Friend of Edna External links • The Rink [1] at the Internet Archive • The Rink [2] at the Internet Movie Database • The Rink [3] at Doctor Macro's High Quality Movie Scans References [1] http:/ / www. Charlie uses his lunch break to go roller skating. Edna's Admirer Henry Bergman . Posing as Sir Cecil Seltzer Edna Purviance . Kelley .The Cook and Skater Frank J.Waiter Charlotte Mineau .A Waiter.Guest Albert Austin . org/ details/ CC_1916_12_04_TheRink [2] http:/ / www.Mr.Restaurant Manager John Rand . doctormacro.Her Father Eric Campbell .The Rink (film) 139 Synopsis After amusements working in a restaurant. com/ Movie%20Summaries/ R/ Rink.Friend of Edna Leota Bryan .The Girl James T.Mrs. imdb. com/ title/ tt0007264/ [3] http:/ / www.%20The. Stout and Angry Diner Lloyd Bacon . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Coleman .

Germany 24 min (restored version) United States Silent film English intertitles Easy Street is a 1917 short comedy film by Charlie Chaplin. Caulfield Charles Chaplin Vincent Bryan Maverick Terrell Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. save women from madmen and generally keep the peace. 1917 (UK) 19 min USA.Easy Street (film) 140 Easy Street (film) Easy Street Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. . help the poor. the police are failing to maintain law and order and so it is Chaplin. as the Little Tramp character. who steps forward (rather reluctantly) to rid the street of bullies. In the film. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation 22 January 1917 (USA) February 5.

... Mother in Mission (uncredited) Loyal Underwood . His religious awakening inspired by a beautiful young woman who pleads for him to stay at the Mission. He is reformed somewhat at a Mission where there is singing and religious education.. Upon entering the street. Baby (uncredited) Leo White . .. clown-ministry.Easy Street (film) 141 Plot As the story begins. Chaplin hesitantly accepts and is assigned the rough-and-tumble Easy Street as his beat.. Minister/Policeman (uncredited) Lloyd Bacon . Cast • Charles Chaplin .allmovie. The Derelict • Edna Purviance .. Chaplin gets on the wrong side of this bully and following a chase the two eventually come to blows.. Policeman (uncredited) William Gillespie . The film continues with Chaplin aiding the people of Easy Street.imdb. Heroin addict (uncredited) James T. The Bully • • • • • • • • • • • • • Albert Austin ... Chief of Police (uncredited) References External links • Easy Street (http://www. Mission Visitor/Policeman (uncredited) Charlotte Mineau . Small Father/Policeman (uncredited) Erich von Stroheim Jr.. he finds a bully... Mission Tramp/Policeman (uncredited) Janet Miller Sully . to render the bully unconscious.. the Little Tramp is sleeping rough outside a mission near the streets of a lawless slum.com/blog/?p=2058) . Spotting a help wanted ad for a job at the police station. culminating in Chaplin inventively using a gas lamp. Policeman (uncredited) Tom Wood ... Anarchist (uncredited) Frank J... Eric Campbell.. Big Eric's Wife (uncredited) John Rand ... rescuing a damsel in distress from the clutches of a sinister drug addict and putting the bully in his place once and for all.com/title/tt0007880/) at the Internet Movie Database • Easy Street (http://www.. roughing up the locals and pilfering their money..com/work/15199) at Allmovie • Review of Easy Street starring Charlie Chaplin. Drug Addict (uncredited) Henry Bergman ... The Mission Worker • Eric Campbell .. Edna Purviance by clown-ministry (http://www...com/index_1.. Coleman .php/site/articles/ easy_street_charlie_chaplin_eric_campbell_edna_purviance_dvd_review/) • Article at InDigest Magazine about the film recently being scored by Justin Vernon (Bon Iver) (http:// indigestmag.. Kelley ...

evades him and encounters a beautiful young woman who encourages him to stop drinking. Charlie walks back to the door unsteadily. gets drunk and offends her. sending the spa's inhabitants into a dancing stupor. However. when the hotel owner learns his employees are getting drunk off Charlie's liquor. Along the way he aggravates a large man suffering from gout. Synopsis Chaplin plays a drunkard who checks into a health spa to dry out. Chaplin. She leaves him in anger and walks away. The drunk employee hurls the bottles through the window. drinks from the spurious spa. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation April 16. The well becomes spurious with alcohol. tripping him off his wheel chair and landing him into the alcoholic well. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. he calls an employee and orders him to have the liquor thrown out the window. encouraged by his new love to get sober. straight into the spa's health waters.The Cure (1917 film) 142 The Cure (1917 film) The Cure Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. 1917 31 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Cure is a 1917 short comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin. . when he bumps into the large man. but brings along a big suitcase full of alcohol.

com/ title/ tt0007832/ .The Cure (1917 film) The next morning there are plenty of hangovers. Realizing what had happened. 143 Cast • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as The Inebriate Edna Purviance as The Girl Eric Campbell as The Man with the Gout Henry Bergman as Masseur John Rand as Sanitarium Attendant James T. Coleman as Head of Sanitarium External links • The Cure [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. They walk ahead. she forgives him. but Chaplin turns sober. just then he accidentally steps into the liquor-laden well. imdb. walks out and finds the lady. Kelley as Sanitarium Attendant Albert Austin as Sanitarium Attendant Frank J.

Purviance reportedly was required to eat so many plates of beans during the many takes to complete the restaurant sequence (in character as another immigrant who falls in love with Charlie) that she became physically ill. in which the penniless Tramp finds a coin and goes for a meal in a restaurant. not realising that the coin has fallen out of his pocket. The Immigrant was selected for .The Immigrant 144 The Immigrant The Immigrant Theatrical poster for The Immigrant (1917) Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) John Jasper Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. 1917 20 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Immigrant (also called Broke) is a 1917 American comedy short film starring the Charlie Chaplin Tramp character as an immigrant coming to the United States who is accused of theft on the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. According to Kevin Brownlow and David Gill's documentary series Unknown Chaplin. and befriends a young woman along the way. In 1998. It was not until later that Chaplin decided the reason the Tramp was penniless was that he had just arrived on a boat from Europe. The scene in which Chaplin's character kicks an immigration officer was cited later as evidence of his anti-Americanism when he was forced to leave the United States in 1952. The movie was written and directed by Chaplin. and used this notion as the basis for the first half. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation June 17. the first scenes to be written and filmed take place in what became the movie's second half. It also stars Edna Purviance and Eric Campbell.

Charlie notices that the tip is enough to cover Charlie and Edna's meal and. Upon arrival in America. but ends up being mistakenly accused of being a pickpocket. There. The two agree. Soon. intimidated by the waiter. however. the tramp finds a coin on the street.one small coin . the tramp begins planning how he will fight the huge man. Charlie orders a meal for Edna. As a final riposte. where he orders a plate of beans. He gives a coin from his right pocket (most likely the one he found in the street earlier) to the waiter.after paying his bill. and avoiding seasick passengers. Terrified of facing the same treatment as the man he saw thrown out. outside a marriage license office in the rain. Along the way. Once again.The Immigrant preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. only to be thunderstruck when the waiter reveals the coin to be fake. intending to eventually accept the artist's offer. attempts to secretly place his winnings from his card game in the woman's (Purviance) pocket. among other things. historically.The artist Synopsis The film begins aboard a steamer crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The tramp. . and initially showcases the misadventures of an unnamed immigrant (Chaplin) who finds himself in assorted mischief while. and goes into a nearby restaurant. however.A diner Henry Bergman . he is reunited with Edna and discovers her mother is dead. feeling sorry for the two penniless women. the tramp and Edna part company. palms the tip and presents it to the waiter as his own payment for his and Edna's meal. he finds another coin fallen from the head waiter's pocket onto the floor and made many failed attempts to retrieve it without notice.Immigrant Eric Campbell . The artist pays for his own meal and leaves a tip for the waiter. the tramp proposes marriage to Edna who is coy and reluctant until Charlie physically carries the laughing girl into the office. eating in a mess hall. and is clearly upset at this supposed action. As they eat. he lets the waiter keep the remaining change . or aesthetically significant". Just then.Immigrant Edna Purviance . playing cards. pockets it.The head waiter Albert Austin . The artist offers to pay for Edna and Charlie's meal. a visiting artist spots Edna and Charlie and offers them a job to pose for a painting. he befriends another unnamed immigrant (Purviance) who is travelling to America with her ailing mother. Afterwards. Charlie. The woman (Purviance) manages to clear the tramp's name. 145 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . checks all over his clothes for money. they watch the restaurant's burly head waiter (Campbell) and other waiters attack and forcibly eject a patron who is short 10 cents in paying his bill. but Charlie declines the offer several times for reasons of etiquette. hungry and broke. Later. without the artist noticing. he's dismayed when the artist does not renew his offer to pay at the last moment. The waiter thinks the artist himself has given no tip whatsoever. Charlie prepares for the fight of his life.

Chaplin developed the idea of the tramp and Purviance's character being immigrants when he realized he needed more plot to justify the restaurant scenes. com/ work/ 24408 . Henry Bergman played the bully-ish head waiter. the documentary states. the movie began as a comedy set in an artists cafe. still set in a cafe. and added the epilogue in which the Tramp and Purviance are married. with a story.The Immigrant 146 Production Episode 1 of the 1983 documentary series Unknown Chaplin reveals that Chaplin developed the storyline for The Immigrant as filming progressed. After filming the film's opening sequences of the arrival in America. According to Unknown Chaplin. Initially. org/ details/ CC_1917_06_17_TheImmigrant [2] http:/ / www. but Chaplin eventually replaced him with Eric Campbell. Initially. about a man who has never been in a restaurant before displaying terrible table manners before meeting a Chaplin and Purviance in the memorable restaurant scene lovely girl (Purviance) and shaping up. he reshot parts of the restaurant scene to be consistent with the new plot (bringing Bergman back in a new role as an artist who resolves the subplot of Charlie being unable to pay for dinner). with Purviance as a brightly dressed patron. archive. before Chaplin's character was introduced. External links • The Immigrant [1] at the Internet Archive • The Immigrant [2] at the Internet Movie Database • The Immigrant [3] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. This plot was abandoned almost immediately. allmovie. and Chaplin began again. imdb. com/ title/ tt0008133/ [3] http:/ / www.

and marked the final film of his co-star Eric Campbell who died on December 20. He falls into favor with a wealthy family after he saves a young lady (Edna Purviance) from drowning. and Albert Austin. The film also stars Henry Bergman.The Adventurer (film) 147 The Adventurer (film) The Adventurer Theatrical poster to The Adventurer Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) John Jasper Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation October 22. 1917 31 minutes  United States Silent The Adventurer is a short comedy film made in 1917 written and directed by Charlie Chaplin. but her suitor (Eric Campbell) does everything he can to have Chaplin apprehended by the officials. Plot and characters Chaplin plays an escaped convict on the run from prison guards. It is the last out of the twelve films made while he was under contract for the Mutual Film Corporation. . 1917 in a drunk driving accident.

html?title1=& title2=Adventurer%2C%20The& reviewer=& v_id=239712& pdate=19200816 [2] http:/ / www."[1] Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Note that this was written during a period in which Chaplin's film output was practically nonexistent.The Girl Eric Campbell .The Adventurer (film) 148 Critical reception A re-release of the film inspired this enthusiastic review in the August 16. which makes one wish. and also at the Rialto. but also some of Chaplin's most irresistible pantomime. "On the Rivoli program. There is a slap-stick coarse humor in The Adventurer. com/ title/ tt0007613/ . nytimes.The Father Albert Austin . 1920 New York Times. The Adventurer. between laughs. is a Chaplin revival.The Butler External links • The Adventurer [2] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / movies2. com/ mem/ movies/ review. that the screen's best comedian would get to work and do what everyone knows he is capable of. imdb.The Convict Edna Purviance .The Suitor Henry Bergman .

took a role as a consultant on the film. City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936).[1] Other films where dogs appeared on screen with Chaplin were The Champion (1915). Sydney Chaplin (Chaplin's brother) had a small role in this film. The Gold Rush (1925). This was Chaplin's first film for First National Films. April 14. Charles Lapworth. Chaplin plays opposite an animal as "co-star".  United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Dog's Life (1918) is a silent film written. 1918 40 min. Edna Purviance plays a dance hall singer and Charlie Chaplin. a former newspaper editor who had met Chaplin when he interviewed him. "Scraps" (the dog) was the hero in this film. this was the first time the two brothers were on screen together. produced and directed by Charlie Chaplin. as he helps Charlie and Edna toward a better life. The Tramp. .A Dog's Life 149 A Dog's Life A Dog's Life Theatrical poster to A Dog's Life Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Syd Chaplin Henry Bergman Charles Reisner Albert Austin Tom Wilson Charlie Chaplin (in 1957 released as part of The Chaplin Revue) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) First National Pictures Inc.

com/title/tt0009018/) at the Internet Movie Database . McCarthy .Scraps.Unemployed man Bert Appling . J.Policeman M.Fat unemployed man/Dance-hall lady Charles Reisner .Unemployed man References [1] Tom Stempel. a thoroughbred mongrel Syd Chaplin .Unemployed man Mel Brown . Framework: a history of screenwriting in the American film.A Dog's Life 150 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Tramp Edna Purviance .imdb.Unemployed man Louis Fitzroy .33 External links • A Dog's Life (http://www.Unemployed man Slim Cole .Bar singer Mut .Unemployed man Thomas Riley .Employment agency clerk Tom Wilson .Unemployed man Ted Edwards .Unemployed man Charles Force .Lunchwagon owner Henry Bergman . p.Employment agency clerk Albert Austin .

and The Pilgrim. . such as The Tramp's final appearance in Modern Times.[2] Chaplin decided the best way to bring the tramp into the new era was by re-releasing three silent films he made with First National as a feature length film. The Tramp. Unfortunately for Chaplin though. and behind-the-scenes footage are also included. All three star Chaplin's trademark character. The three shorts included are A Dog's Life. Introductions by David Robinson.The Chaplin Revue 151 The Chaplin Revue The Chaplin Revue Directed by Starring Editing by Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paul Davies Derek Parsons Distributed by Warner Bros. Critic and friend James Agee wrote a script placing Chaplin's trademark character.[1] Chaplin had often used scenes featuring The Tramp. the Tramp. Chaplin added a soundtrack to help appeal to modern audiences. he fell victim to McCarthyism and in the 1950s.  United Kingdom  United States Language English The Chaplin Revue is a 1959 film comprising three silent movies made by Charlie Chaplin. in apocalyptic New York. Charlie Chaplin was one of the biggest stars in Hollywood. Released in 1959. and A King in New York. he lived in exile in Switzerland with his wife Oona O'Neill. Current releases of the compilation on DVD also feature other Chaplin films produced with First National such as Sunnyside and The Bond. were not universally acclaimed and his star power was fading. 1959 Running time Country 119 min. Background During the silent era. Limelight. He provides a personal introduction to each of the clips. Shoulder Arms and The Pilgrim – each of which was introduced by Chaplin and juxtaposed with behind the scenes footage and clips from World War I. Chaplin also added extra footage including clips from World War I to express the context. He latest three films. Shoulder Arms. The idea of reviving his role as The Tramp for modern audiences was entertained. The Chaplin Revue consisted of A Dog's Life. Release date(s) September 1. For the 1959 release. Monsieur Verdoux. as a vehicle for expressing his ideas.

Down and out. His fellow soldiers cheer him as a great wartime hero. Through sheer dumb luck. After this "heroic" act. Charlie manages to thwart their theft and he. together. they attend a music hall where Edna Purviance is singing while being annoyed by the club's patrons. Charlie has no friends and seems to make enemies with his allies at the drop of the hat. His shining moment comes when he is hunted down by the Kaiser but with some quick thinking. Scraps. Scraps finds money in a lost wallet. Charlie is given the duty of infiltrating enemy lines further under the guise of a tree trunk. one of his former buddies from prison arrives and steals from the two women.S. reverses the ambush and captures the Kaiser for the allies. After acquainting himself with a local mother and daughter. He rescues her and the two form a bond. and subsequently moving in with them. Charlie returns to the streets to find Scraps. which is then stolen by a pack of thieves. Soldier Sheriff Bryan Little Boy Little Boy's Mother Deacon . Park Jones Tom Murray Dean Riesner Mai Wells Mack Swain A Dog's Life The Tramp Bar Singer Shoulder Arms A Recruit French Girl The Pilgrim An escaped convict Miss Brown Boy's Father Sheriff on train Crook - Lunchwagon Owner The Kaiser Unemployed man Agency Clerk Clerk Policeman Field Marshall Chaffeur Sergeant Short German Officer Elder Crown Prince German Soldier U. Cast Actor Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Syd Chaplin Henry Bergman Charles Reisner Albert Austin Tom Wilson Loyal Underwood Jack Wilson John Rand J. Charlie and Scraps are kicked out and Edna is fired. and Edna enjoy their new found happiness. the relatively short black and white silent film ran for 46 minutes and finds Charlie playing the new recruit in the war effort against the Germans. Charlie stumbles into the enemy trenches and captures 13 German soldiers. He persistently tries to get a job but there are none left at the employment agency when he gets there. He then awakes from his dream. Later. Charlie tries to get their money back but his former life is discovered by the sheriff who takes him to the border of Mexico. a stray dog being attacked. Shoulder Arms Originally released in the USA in October 1918. The Pilgrim An escaped convict (Chaplin) dons the vesture of a clergyman and is mistakenly appointed as the new pastor of the small town of Devil's Gulch. facing life as a convict if he returns. They fill the gap in each other's lives and they are no longer lonely – or hungry.The Chaplin Revue 152 A Dog's Life Charlie's tramp lives alone on the street.

McCarthy Mel Brown Charles Force Bert Appling Thomas Riley Slim Cole Ted Edwards Louis Fitzroy Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Mrs. 1997:[3] Reception The Chaplin Revue was critically acclaimed when released in 1959.The Chaplin Revue Kitty Bradbury M. Scarlett . Walter Kerr in The Silent Clowns declares that the .Assistant to Mr. Chaplin Release dates • • • • UK: September 1. 1959 Denmark: July 28.Sound Recordist Wally Milner . 1959 Finland: December 25. To allow for a soundtrack. the original footage was stretched and certain frames were duplicated.Music Arranger Jerome Epstein ." However.Y. some reviewers have been critical of the re-release due to its format. it is ranked: • 88th – 1959 • 835th – 1950s • 3.Writer Charles Chaplin .Sound Recordist Eric James . 1960 Germany: October 9.[4] According to Top Ten Reviews.Sound Recordist Eric Stockl .J.Editor Bob Jones . reviewer Robert Horton says: "This box set is more than film history. it's a living treasure. which gives ratings based on average critic scores.Conductor Eric Spear .J.Editor Derek Parsons .Music Arranger Eric Rogers .095th – comedy Concerning the DVD release.Sound Recordist J.Original Music Paul Davies . Brown (Edna's Mother) - 153 Crew Credited for the 1959 release:[3] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Director Charles Chaplin .Producer Charles Chaplin .

the little tramp . com/ reviews/ c/ chaplinrevue. . clown-ministry.world famous tramp clown" (http:/ / www. com/ essays/ chaplin_agee. . . com/ title/ tt0050243/ fullcredits). . Let no newcomer to the form begin acquaintance with Chaplin on such terms. moviehabit."[1] 154 References [1] ""The Chaplin Revue: The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www. Retrieved June 28. and of Chaplin's work in them. Retrieved June 28. php?/ site/ articles/ charlie_chaplin_biography_the_little_tramp_world_famous_tramp_clown). com/ index_1.The Chaplin Revue "cadence of all three films. [3] "'The Chaplin Revue' at IMDb" (http:/ / www. 2007. . Retrieved June 28. 2007. shtml). only the originals will do. is utterly destroyed. the Writer. dvdjournal. and the Lost Screenplay" (http:/ / www. [4] "Charlie Chaplin biography. shtml). imdb. [2] ""Chaplin and Agee: The Untold Story of the Tramp. 2007. 2007. Retrieved June 28.

The Bond 155 The Bond The Bond Directed by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Albert Austin Sydney Chaplin Distributed by First National Pictures Inc. the Liberty Bond. Made in 1918 with Edna Purviance. "The Bond" (1918) . Media A video clip from the silent film. Liberty Bonds during World War I.S. The story is a series of sketches humorously illustrating various bonds like the bond of friendship and of marriage and. the film has a distinctive visual motif set in a simple plain black set with starkly lit simple props and arrangements. Release date(s) 1918 Running time Country Language 11 minutes  United States Silent film English intertitles The Bond is a propaganda film created by Charlie Chaplin at his own expense for the Liberty Load Committee for theatrical release to help sell U. Albert Austin and Sydney Chaplin. There was also a British version with Uncle Sam replaced by John Bull and promotes War Bonds.O. to K. the Kaiser which Charlie does literally. most important.

org [2] References [1] http:/ / www.Friend Sydney Chaplin . archive.Charlie's Wife Albert Austin . imdb. com/ title/ tt0008907/ [2] http:/ / www.The Bond 156 Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin . org/ details/ CC_1918_09_29_TheBond .Charlie Edna Purviance .The Kaiser External links • The Bond [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Complete film at Archive.

Shoulder Arms

157

Shoulder Arms
Shoulder Arms

Theatrical poster to Shoulder Arms
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Sydney Chaplin

Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National Pictures 20 October 1918 46 minutes
 United States

Silent film English intertitles

Shoulder Arms is Charlie Chaplin's second film for First National Pictures. Released in 1918, it is a silent comedy set in France during World War I. The main part of the film occurs in a dream. It co-starred Edna Purviance and Sydney Chaplin, Chaplin's brother. It was Chaplin's shortest feature film.

Reception
Shoulder Arms proved to be Chaplin's most popular film, critically and commercially, up to that point. A review in the October 21, 1918 New York Times was typical: "'The fool's funny,' was the chuckling observation of one of those who saw Charlie Chaplin's new film. Shoulder Arms, at the Strand yesterday — and, apparently, that's the way everybody felt. There have been learned discussions as to whether Chaplin's comedy is low or high, artistic or crude, but no one can deny that when he impersonates a screen fool he is funny. Most of those who go to find fault with him remain to laugh. They may still find fault, but they will keep on laughing."

Shoulder Arms

158

Goofs
In the scene where Chaplin (in his tree costume) is being pursued through the forest, cars can be seen traveling on a highway in the background. Although highways in the United States existed when this film was made, they did not exist in Germany. Germany's first highway was built in 1921. Of course, the Western Front was in France, not Germany.

Credited Cast
• • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin ... Doughboy Edna Purviance ... French girl Syd Chaplin ... Charlie's Comrade/The Kaiser Jack Wilson ... German Crown Prince Henry Bergman ... Fat German sergeant/Field Marshal von Hindenburg/Bartender Albert Austin ... American Officer/Clean Shaven German Soldier/Bearded German Soldier Tom Wilson ... Dumb German Wood-Cutter John Rand ... U.S. soldier J. Parks Jones ... U.S. soldier (as Park Jones) Loyal Underwood ... Small German officer

External links
• Shoulder Arms [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Shoulder Arms [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Shoulder Arms review at Clown Ministry [3]

References
[1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0009611/ [2] http:/ / www. archive. org/ details/ CC_1918_10_20_ShoulderArms [3] http:/ / www. clown-ministry. com/ index_1. php/ site/ articles/ shoulder_arms_charlie_chaplin/

Sunnyside (film)

159

Sunnyside (film)
Sunnyside

Film poster.
Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman Tom Wilson

Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National June 15, 1919 34 minutes
 United States

Silent film English intertitles

Sunnyside is a 1919 short silent film written, directed and starring Charlie Chaplin. It was his third film for First National Pictures.

Plot summary
Chaplin plays a handyman at a hotel. His love interest in the village is the girl played by Edna Purviance. A young man from the city arrives and appears to have an eye for Edna too. Chaplin tries to win her back.

Reception
Sunnyside was produced during a time when, by all accounts, Chaplin's state of creativity was low. It was met with indifference by critics during its original theatrical run. The June 16, 1919 issue of the New York Times contains this review:

"Charlie Chaplin is at the Strand in his latest — "Sunnyside" — so, of course, those who go there will laugh. Chaplin is a farm hand and country hotel clerk this time. He is at his best when depending upon his inimitable pantomime, and least amusing when indulging in slap-stick, in which he is not distinguished from countless other comedians. There is cleverness in "Sunnyside" and good pantomime, but, [1] also, too much slap-stick.

External links • Sunnyside (http://www.imdb.Fat Boy's Father Tammie Harding Barlow . http:/ / movies2. O. 2010.Boss Henry Bergman .archive.Sunnyside (film) 160 Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .org/details/CC_1919_06_15_Sunnyside) at Internet Archive . The New York Times.com/title/tt0010747/) at the Internet Movie Database • Sunnyside (http://www.Farm handyman Edna Purviance . html?title1=& title2=Sunnyside& reviewer=& v_id=66864& pdate=19190616.Dancer #3 References [1] Scott. com/ mem/ movies/ review.Villager and Edna's Father Loyal Underwood . nytimes. Retrieved May 24.Village Belle Tom Wilson .. A.

The first scene shows the Chaplin Studio corner office in the background while Chaplin tries to get his car started. 1919 25 min.A Day's Pleasure 161 A Day's Pleasure A Day's Pleasure Theatrical poster to A Day's Pleasure Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Marion Feducha Bob Kelly Jackie Coogan Tom Wilson Babe London Henry Bergman Loyal Underwood Charles Chaplin (in 1959 re-release as part of The Chaplin Revue) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) First National Pictures Inc.  United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) A Day's Pleasure (1919) is Charlie Chaplin's fourth film for First National Films. It is about a day outing with his wife and the kids and things don't go smoothly. / 18 min. . It was a quickly made two-reeler to help fill a gap while working on his first feature The Kid. Edna Purviance plays Chaplin's wife and Jackie Coogan one of the kids. December 15. It was created at the Chaplin Studio.

But most of the time he depends for comedy upon seasickness.imdb.A Day's Pleasure 162 Reception A Day's Pleasure is almost universally regarded as Chaplin's least impressive First National film.com/title/tt0010057/) at the Internet Movie Database .Smallest Boy (uncredited) Tom Wilson . html?title1=& title2=Day%27s%20Pleasure%2C%20A& reviewer=& v_id=61918& pdate=19191208 External links • A Day's Pleasure (http://www. as evidenced by this mixed review from the December 8. and biff-bang slap-stick. A Day's Pleasure. com/ mem/ movies/ review.Captain. Even contemporary critics were muted in their enthusiasm.Mother Marion Feducha . with which he is little.His Seasick Wife (uncredited) Henry Bergman . a Ford car."[1] Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . nytimes. He is also funny in many little bits of pantomime and burlesque.Father (as Charlie Chaplin) Edna Purviance . 1919 New York Times: "Charlie Chaplin is screamingly funny in his latest picture.Small Boy (uncredited) Bob Kelly . Man in Car and Heavy Policeman (uncredited) Loyal Underwood . at the Strand.Large Husband (uncredited) Babe London . funnier than many other screen comedians.Small Boy (uncredited) Jackie Coogan .Angry Little Man in Street (uncredited) References [1] http:/ / movies2. if any. when he tries in vain to solve the mysteries of a collapsible deck chair. in which he is inimitable.

The Kid (1921 film)

163

The Kid (1921 film)
The Kid

Theatrical poster for The Kid (1921)
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Jackie Coogan Henry Bergman Lita Grey Charles Chaplin (composed 1971)

Music by

Cinematography R.H. Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) First National Warner Home Video January 21, 1921 68 minutes USA Silent film English intertitles

The Kid is a 1921 American silent dramedy film written by, produced by, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin, it features Jackie Coogan as his adopted son and sidekick. It was a huge success, and was the second-highest grossing film in 1921, behind The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (see 1921 in film). The Little Tramp (Chaplin) finds an abandoned baby in an alley and takes care of him. As the child gets older, he becomes the Tramp's partner in crime, scamming people in order to survive. Eventually, however, welfare services attempt to take the boy away, resulting in a desperate search and an emotional reunion. This was Charlie Chaplin's first full-length movie.

The Kid (1921 film)

164

Background
The Kid is notable as being the first feature length comedy film to combine comedy and drama, as one of the opening titles says: "A picture with a smile, and perhaps a tear..." The most famous and enduring sequence in the film is the Tramp's desperate rooftop pursuit of the agents from the orphanage who had taken the child, and their emotional reunion. The film made Coogan, then a vaudeville performer, into the first major child star of the movies. Many Chaplin biographers have attributed the relationship portrayed in the film to have resulted from the death of Chaplin's firstborn infant son just before production began. The portrayal of poverty and the cruelty of welfare workers are also directly reminiscent of Chaplin's own childhood in London. Several of the street scenes were filmed on Los Angeles' famed Olvera Street, almost 10 years before it was converted into a Mexican-themed tourist attraction. After production was completed in 1920, the film was caught up in the divorce actions of Chaplin's first wife Mildred Harris, who sought to attach Chaplin's assets. Chaplin and his associates smuggled the raw negative to Salt Lake City, Utah (reportedly packed in coffee cans) and edited the film in a hotel room there. Before release he negotiated for and received an enhanced financial deal for the film with his distributor, First National Corporation, based on the success of the final film. Chaplin edited and reissued the film in 1971, and he composed a new musical score. Lita Grey, who portrays a tempting angel in the film, became Chaplin's second wife from 1924 to 1927. Chaplin and co-star Coogan met for the last time in 1972, during Chaplin's brief return to America for an Honorary Academy Award.

Cast and credits
• Charlie Chaplin ...The Tramp • Edna Purviance ... Mother • Jackie Coogan ... The Kid ("John") • Carl Miller... The Man • Tom Wilson ... Cop • Jack Coogan Sr... Pickpocket / Guest / Devil • Henry Bergman ... Empresario • Lita Grey ... Angel of Temptation • Written and Directed by Charles Chaplin • Photographed by Roland Totheroh

External links
• The Kid [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Kid (1921 film) • The Kid • The Kid
[3] [4] [2]

at Rotten Tomatoes

on YouTube at Allmovie
[5]

• Scenes of The Kid

• Complete movie of The Kid online [6]

Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid.

The Kid (1921 film)

165

References
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0012349/ http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ 1052609-kid/ http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=Wp3hgIVdA5M http:/ / www. allmovie. com/ work/ 27169 http:/ / www. cinefeed. com/ 2006/ 11/ 07/ 63-the-kid-premier-long-metrage-de-chaplin http:/ / blip. tv/ file/ 1370788/

Co-starring Mack Swain and Henry Bergman.Sleeping Hobo/Guest in Cop Uniform Al Ernest Garcia . as the "Little Tramp". Charlie Chaplin. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .The Idle Class 166 The Idle Class The Idle Class Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman Mack Swain Johnnie von Haines (1969) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National September 25.Pickpocket and Guest . heads to a resort for warm weather and a bit of golf. While at a dance at a country club Edna Purviance mistakes Chaplin for her husband.Her Father Henry Bergman .Neglected Wife Mack Swain .Golfer and Guest Rex Storey .Cop in Park and Guest John Rand . 1921 32 minutes  United States Silent film English intertitles The Idle Class is a 1921 American silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin for First National Pictures.Tramp and Husband Edna Purviance .

The Idle Class 167 External links • The Idle Class [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Download & Watch at Archive. com/ title/ tt0012304/ [2] http:/ / www. archive. imdb.org [2] References [1] http:/ / www. org/ details/ TheIdleClass .

Primary cast • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as Laborer Phyllis Allen as His Wife Mack Swain as Foreman Edna Purviance as Foreman's Daughter Syd Chaplin as Charlie's Friend and Lunch Cart Owner Funny Parts: Lunchtime: Two men on Ground Level. He hammers in the nail and goes back to where the barrel was and sits down. As soon as he lets go the elevator goes next to the hungry. It is notable as Chaplin's final two-reel short film. Charlie on second. He stands back up and sits on the ground. The loaf is . He passes it up to the boss and the boss grabs it by the burning end and drops it down on Man #1 on the first floor. 1922 28 min. Worker #1 Walks on the elevator and it goes to second level just in time so that Charlie falls on barrel in elevator. Charlie takes the contents out which are a BIG loaf of bread and a sausage. Charlie discovers a burning stick on the barrel when he sits on it. Charlie Chaplin wrote. his boss and his bosses daughter on the third.Pay Day (1922 film) 168 Pay Day (1922 film) Pay Day Theatrical poster to Pay Day (1922) Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Mack Swain Syd Chaplin April 2. and starred in the film. Worker #2 steps on the elevator and it goes down. directed. Man #2 places his lunch on the elevator just as it comes back down. • Charlie walks by on second level and trips on nail. lunch-less Charlie. Charlie stands up just in time and picks up a hammer.  United States Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English intertitles Pay Day (1922) is an American short film made by First National Pictures. The elevator comes back up just in time. He drills a hole in the bread and stuffs the sausage in.

The elevator goes back up and Charlie cant find the bread so he eats the sausage plain. The elevator goes down with the bread and Man #2 takes it. 169 External links • Pay Day [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Pay Day (1922 film) too big so he takes a corkscrew and pulls out the sausage. Man #2 is looking for his sausage when the elevator starts descending and his head is underneath it. com/ title/ tt0013486/ . He puts the bread down on the elevator and pulls the sausage off the corkscrew. imdb. Man #2 pulls his head out just in time.

Slightly re-edited and fully re-scored. starring Chaplin and Edna Purviance. and accepts a position at the local church. Purviance also starred in Chaplin's A Woman of Paris (1923) which had Chaplin in a brief cameo. the film contained a song. 1923 Running time Country Language 59 min  United States Silent film English intertitles The Pilgrim is a 1923 American silent film made by Charlie Chaplin for the First National Film Company. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .The Pilgrim Edna Purviance . It was Chaplin's second-shortest feature. It is also noted as the first film for Charles Riesner.Little Boy's Mother Dean Riesner .Small Deacon Charles Reisner . The Pilgrim's true identity is revealed when he tries to get a fellow crook to return money the crook stole from the Pilgrim's landlady.Large Deacon Mai Wells . In 1959. "I'm Bound For Texas". The film marks the last time Edna Purviance would co-star with Chaplin and the last film he made for First National.Eloper/Train Conductor/Little Boy's Father Mack Swain . He ends up in a small town mistaken for a parson.Howard Huntington. Brown.Sheriff Bryan Henry Bergman . who became a screenwriter in his later years. Chaplin included The Pilgrim as one of three films comprising The Chaplin Revue. the sheriff releases him at the Mexican border. Synopsis Chaplin plays an escaped convict who steals a minister's clothes to get out of his prison uniform. Edna's Mother Syd Chaplin . constructed more like a two-reeler from his earlier career.The Pilgrim (film) 170 The Pilgrim (film) The Pilgrim Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Kitty Bradbury Syd Chaplin Mack Swain Release date(s) February 26. sung by Matt Monroe. But rather than incarcerate the Pilgrim.Little Boy Loyal Underwood .Mrs. Crook Tom Murray . words and music written by Chaplin.Miss Brown Kitty Bradbury .Sheriff on Train/Man In Railroad Station .

The Pilgrim (film) 171 External links • The Pilgrim [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0014358/ .

getting tormented by two newsboys. The Flower Girl walks past. and sits on the steps of the house. giving the Tramp two. just as the millionaire wakes up and demands the butler let "my friend" in. They return to the millionaire's mansion. and starring Charlie Chaplin. then . where the Tramp inadvertently causes much havoc. The next morning. and then go out on the town. where the Tramp gets a change of clothes. Although "talking" pictures were on the rise since 1928.City Lights 172 City Lights City Lights Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Virginia Cherrill Florence Lee Harry Myers Charles Chaplin Music by Cinematography Rollie Totheroh Gordon Pollock Mark Marklatt (uncredited) Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) United Artists January 30. The tramp is left outside by the butler. coming back only to get a dash of water from her emptied pot. whereupon the millionaire showers him with gifts. Broke and homeless he wanders the streets. but when it is unveiled. which later turn out to be ten dollar bills.5 million City Lights is a 1931 American silent film. a man gets into a nearby car and drives away. He is chased off by the crowd. He buys all her flowers. making her think the Tramp has driven off. directed by. they return to the mansion. and the millionaire pulls out a wade of banknotes. Although classified as a comedy. That evening. a romantic comedy written by. the Tramp runs into a drunken millionaire (Harry Myers) who is trying to commit suicide. Just when she is about to give him his change. The Flower Girl returns home to her simple life with her grandmother (Florence Lee). Today it is thought of as one of the highest accomplishments of Chaplin's prolific career. Plot The officials of a city are dedicating a new statue. City Lights was immediately popular. and buys a flower. The Tramp asks to buy flowers. The Tramp doesn't correct her and slinks away. A slapstick scene ensues. City Lights has an ending widely regarded as one of the most moving in cinema history. He happens upon a blind Flower Girl (Virginia Cherrill). Chaplin's Tramp is discovered sleeping on it. The Tramp convinces him to live. where the Tramp shows his wish for an unattainable beautiful woman. 1931 87 minutes United States English (original title cards) $1. It also has the leads Virginia Cherrill and Harry Myers.

In each encounter with the blind girl." Seeing his flower fall apart in his hand. When he returns. he returns to her original street corner. before the movie-going crowd. His life is contrasted with good food. He also shows the hardships and many times unbearable conditions of the lower class. the Tramp is thrashed. managing to annoy his new coworker. and invites him back for a wild party that the Tramp manages to ruin. and he nods. The Tramp..2C_passing_through_an_unlocked_car. The Tramp narrowly escapes the police. asking. and becomes a street-sweeper. and they'll split the prize money. He meets the drunken millionaire again. But the fighter turns out to be a fugitive from justice and flees. Several months later. 173 Slapstick As in other Chaplin movies. barely escapes damage which he is completely unaware ofStepping_into_a_sewer. but he is picked up by the police and thrown in jail. where a fighter convinces him to spar with him. he passes a boxing venue. and delivers the money to the Girl and promises to return. having sobered up again and planning to leave for a cruise. the Tramp is shown to be short. each scene has an element of slapstick in it. "You?" she says. dropping a flower pot on his head etc. The girl takes hold of his hand to place the coin in it and. Despite a valiant effort. Dejected. a large house. he meets the Tramp again while intoxicated. the grandmother receives a notice that she and the Flower Girl will be evicted if they cannot pay their back rent. and when he comes to. The revelation of the monument before the acting crowd. the millionaire has sobered up and rudely dismisses him and takes the car back. But two burglars sneak in and clobber the millionaire. throwing water in his face. in ragged clothes and tormented by the same newsboys. She jokes to her grandmother that she has "made a conquest. . the girl wonders if he is her mysterious benefactor. The opening scene uses funny sounds to depict the important mayor and his wife who are smiling and talking emphatically before the crowd. the girl offers him one of hers and a coin. But later that day. who takes him to the mansion and gives him $1000 for the Girl.2C_having_the_butler_appear_at_the_right_moment_etc. Via the comic scenes. the girl has opened up a flower shop with her grandmother.City Lights drives her home in the millionaire’s Rolls-Royce. but hides it and goes out to beg. he is wandering the streets again. the well-known Charlie Chaplin. he happens to look in to the flower store. He decides to take a job to earn money for her. via comedy. I can see now. she unknowingly manages to bash the Tramp. Searching for the girl." The film closes on Chaplin smiling back at her. But he returns to work late and is fired. using the comic scenes in a symbolic way. and comfortable and clean chairs. Returning to the Flower Girl's apartment. He then finds the notice and promises the Girl he will pay it. but she is not there. from mocking the mayor and police to bashing the stuck up butler or the snoopy neighbor. Meanwhile. when the Tramp chooses to sweep the streets or sets himself up in the boxing ring. clean clothing. The Tramp visits the Flower Girl on his lunch break. the millionaire once more tosses out the Tramp. When a rich man comes into the shop. is actually the revelation of the tramp. The next morning. "Yes. and sees an ad for an operation that cures blindness. With her sight restored. feeling him. "You can see now?" She holds his hand to her heart and replies. throw the fight. The Tramp begins to leave. leaving the Tramp to fight a no-nonsense replacement. In the final scene. he accuses the Tramp of stealing. in every scene. couches and beds. she realizes who he is. dirty and sloppy. the Tramp spies her being attended by a doctor. Slapstick is also used to show how the Tramp unknowingly insults and sometimes openly attacks various institutions and people. then reaches for the flower. in a clear analogy to part of the opening scene where he is afraid to peer at the model doll of a woman in a dress shop. He is shown to be fearful of looking at or even dreaming of a better life. suddenly finds himself staring at her through the window. The Tramp.

and some unintelligible sounds that copied speech pattern films. and it was his personal favorite of his films. The dialogue was presented on intertitles. In 1949. and because it isn’t over-acted. beautiful. so he re-hired Cherrill to finish City Lights. This proved too expensive. was his last film before the motion picture industry embraced sound recording and brought the silent movie era to a close. Hollywood had switched to sound films by the end of 1929. he said." . the critic James Agee wrote in Life magazine. silent films had become generally unpopular. the film was one of Chaplin's most financially successful and critically acclaimed works. Almost apologetic.) When Chaplin completed the film. (Approximately seven minutes of test footage of Hale survives and is included on the DVD release. Stanley Kubrick rated City Lights as fifth among his top ten films.City Lights 174 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as A Tramp Virginia Cherrill as A Blind Girl Florence Lee as The Blind Girl's Grandmother Harry Myers as An Eccentric Millionaire Al Ernest Garcia as His Butler (as Allan Garcia) Hank Mann as A Prizefighter Robert Parrish as Newsboy Henry Bergman as Mayor and Man in Basement Albert Austin as Street Sweeper Jean Harlow Uncredited Extra Production Chaplin's feature The Circus. Technically the film was a crossover. At one point he fired Virginia Cherrill and began re-filming with Georgia Hale. As his own producer and distributor (part owner of United Artists). "[I]n City Lights just the last scene … I’m not acting …. In a 1963 Charlie Chaplin and Virginia Cherrill in City Lights.[1] As a filmmaker. Several well-known directors have praised City Lights. released in 1928. the renowned Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky placed City Lights as fifth among this top ten and said of Chaplin. interview in the American magazine Cinema." The film was re-released in 1950. standing outside myself and looking … It’s a beautiful scene. that the final scene was the "greatest single piece of acting ever committed to celluloid. Chaplin's co-star in The Gold Rush."[2] Reception Chaplin was nervous about reception of the film because by this time. as its soundtrack had synchronized music. But City Lights was one of the great financial and artistic successes of Chaplin's career. he was notable for doing many more "takes" than other directors at the time. Enthusiastically received by Great Depression-era audiences. Orson Welles said it was his favorite film. excerpts were first seen in the documentary Unknown Chaplin along with an unused opening sequence from the film. Chaplin was known for being a perfectionist. "He is the only person to have gone down into cinematic history without any shadow of a doubt. silent films were anachronistic. sound effects.[3] In 1972. The films he left behind can never grow old. Especially fond of the final scene. Chaplin could still conceive City Lights as a silent film.

html) [5] "The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 (critics' list)" (http:/ / www.. historically. British Film Institute. 1990 ISBN 0306803879 [2] City Lights (http:/ / www." In 2007.[6] In June 2008. bfi. American Film Institute.. . In the 2003 documentary Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin. The Silent Clowns. after Vittorio DeSica's Bicycle Thieves. Celebrated Italian director Federico Fellini has often praised this film and his Nights of Cabiria refers to it. bfi. Charlie Chaplin Website [3] "A Biographic Sketch of Stanley Kubrick" (http:/ / www. the Library of Congress selected City Lights for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally. New York: DaCapo Press. Hero #38 AFI's 100 Years. City Lights ranked 45th on the critics' list... from a poll of more than 1500 people in the creative community. org. org. AFI revealed its "10 Top 10". html)..[7] The film has been studied and written about by American and international film critics and scholars. 100 Passions #10 • AFI's 100 Years. In 1952.. html). 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #11 AFI's 10 Top 10 #1 Romantic Comedy References [1] Kerr. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ poll/ directors-long. For example. co. City Lights was voted the best film in the romantic comedy genre. published as Les Lumières de la ville. The Kubrick Site. Walter.. 100 Heroes and Villains: • • • • • The Tramp. Visual Memory Website [4] British Film Institute: The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll: 1952 (http:/ / www. 100 Movies #76 • AFI's 100 Years. British Film Institute.[4] In 2002. bfi.. 100 Laughs #38 AFI's 100 Years... . afi. "Why Does a Letter Always Arrive at Its Destination?" (first chapter in Enjoy Your Symptom! Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and Out).[5] That same year. Retrieved 2008-06-18. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ poll/ critics-long. visual-memory. they ranked the film as 19th overall. Allen is said to have based the final scene of his 1979 film Manhattan on the final scene of City Lights. Slavoj Žižek used the film as a primary example in his essay. Woody Allen said it was Chaplin's best picture.. com/ 10top10/ romanticcomedy.City Lights George Bernard Shaw called Chaplin "the only genius to come out of the movie industry". 2002 [7] "AFI's 10 Top 10" (http:/ / www. org. html). In 1992. 100 Cheers #33 AFI's 100 Years. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ history/ 1952.100 Movies" ranked City Lights as the eleventh greatest American film of all time. French experimental musician and film critic Michel Chion has written an analysis of City Lights.. the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres. html). 2002 [6] "The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 (directors' list)" (http:/ / www.. 2008-06-17. Sight and Sound magazine issued the results of its first poll for "The Best Films of All Time" and City Lights was voted #2. or aesthetically significant. uk/ amk/ doc/ milestones. charliechaplin.. the American Film Institute's tenth anniversary edition of "100 Years. directors were polled separately. 175 American Film Institute recognition • AFI's 100 Years. com/ biography/ articles/ 4-City-Lights).

com/title/title.charliechaplin.clown-ministry.com/biography/articles/4-City-Lights) City Lights (http://www.jsp?stid=324720) at the TCM Movie Database City Lights (http://www.com/index_1.php/site/articles/ city_lights_charlie_chaplin_virginia_cherrill_dvd_review/).City Lights 176 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. Clown Ministry .com/m/city_lights/) at Rotten Tomatoes City Lights (http://tcmdb.imdb.com/title/tt0021749/) at the Internet Movie Database City Lights (http://www.rottentomatoes.allmovie.com/work/9751) at Allmovie City Lights (http://www.

" . Gottschalk (original score) Charlie Chaplin (1976 release) Music by Distributed by United Artists (1923 release) Release date(s) September 26. she gets on the train and makes the trip alone. 1923 Running time Country Language 93 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles A Woman of Paris is a feature-length silent film that debuted in 1923. directed. When the couple returns. either. But Jean's father has died while sitting in his chair in front of the fireplace. She asks why he is in mourning. was written. Marie tells Jean she would like for him to paint her portrait and gives him a card with her address. Jean calls on Marie at her apartment to begin the painting. The film. Plot Marie St. a friend calls and invites her to a raucous party in the Latin Quarter. and Jean tells her his father has died. but he makes it clear that he lives with his parents and his mother will fix a bed for Marie. On the night before their scheduled departure. It turns out that Jean's parents are not thrilled with their son's romance with Marie. "Perhaps (Jean) will give you a bed for the night. One night when Marie is alone in the apartment Revel has provided for her. arriving by taxi. "The night you left. Clair and her beau.A Woman of Paris 177 A Woman of Paris A Woman gf of Paris Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Clarence Geldart Carl Miller Lydia Knott Charles K. In Paris. but admits that she can't remember whether the apartment is in the building on the right or the left. Jean furiously knocks on the front door and reminds the older man that he's locked out his daughter. an atypical drama film for its creator." Jean does invite Marie to his home. Marie asks when and Jean replies. plan to leave their small French village for Paris. Marie climbs down from her second-floor bedroom for a rendezvous with Jean. It is also known as A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate. where they will marry. Marie goes to the train station. Marie enjoys a life of luxury as the mistress of wealthy businessman Pierre Revel. and when Jean telephones Marie at the station to tell her he can't go with her to Paris. produced and later scored by Charlie Chaplin. Marie. The stepfather dismisses Jean's complaint and tells Marie. with Jean promising to follow her. Her stepfather sees them strolling down a lane and locks her out of the house. aspiring artist Jean Millet. enters the wrong building and is surprised to be greeted by Jean Millet. and Marie notices he is wearing a black armband. French Adolphe Menjou Louis F. The friend gives Marie the address.

Clair. He tells his mother the proposal was spur-of-the-moment and not serious. The first. Jean proposes to Marie. Jean stands by the fountain in the restaurant's foyer. Edna Purviance plays the lead as Marie St. Jean's mother returns to the apartment and finds Marie kneeling by Jean's body and sobbing. However. pulls out the gun and fatally shoots himself. Pierre Revel and another gentleman are riding through the French countryside in a chauffeur-driven automobile. "What ever happened to that Marie St. Edna Purviance was never able to achieve the level of success that she had in films with Chaplin's Tramp at her side. leaves the door ajar as he goes to apologize to his mother. the film did help Adolphe Menjou gain some recognition. A chastened Marie returns to Pierre Revel. Marie and the girl meet a group of sharecroppers with a horse-drawn wagon. Jean's mother is touched by Marie's display of grief. Pierre sees the note and invites Jean to join them. Jean's mother. argues with him about marrying Marie. he outfits her in the simple dress she wore on the night she left for Paris. Jean asks the maitre d' to give Marie a note asking her to meet him one last time. whose stories of her romantic adventures in Europe provided the framework of the screenplay. The other major difference between this and most of Chaplin's other work is that the film is supposed to be a serious drama. Pierre's companion asks him. Most people seeing the film will not realize that it is actually Chaplin. and one of these reasons was to help Purviance gain recognition as an actress without Chaplin at her side. He has a brief cameo as a porter in a train station. with whom he shares the simple Paris apartment. The film was largely inspired by Chaplin's brief 1922 romance with Peggy Hopkins Joyce. Jean's mother retrieves the gun and goes to Marie's apartment. Marie happens to arrive unexpectedly outside Jean's apartment at that moment. Jean finishes Marie's portrait. after opening the door. but Pierre isn't so sure. is that he does not appear in the film. Jean starts to leave in anger but. Jean fails to convince Marie he didn't mean what she overheard him say to his mother in an attempt to appease the older woman. heading in opposite directions. At the same time. most obvious. Pierre's automobile and the horse-drawn wagon then pass each other. The two women reconcile and return to the French countryside.A Woman of Paris Marie and Jean revive their romance. 178 Production Several things set this film apart from Chaplin's other work. One morning Marie and one of the girls in her care walk down the lane to get a pail of milk. Despite this attempt. There is no slapstick comedy. where they open a home for orphans in a country cottage. and Marie begins to distance herself from Pierre Revel. One night Jean slips a gun into his coat pocket and goes to the exclusive restaurant where Marie and Pierre are dining. at least not in his traditional role of the tramp. The police carry Jean's body to his apartment. . this was intended. Pierre knows about Jean but also realizes that Marie has become fond of the luxuries she enjoys as his mistress. Chaplin had several reasons for producing this film. Marie's maid tells her that Marie has gone to her son's studio. who offer them a ride back in the wagon. Clair?" Pierre replies that he doesn't know. Marie tells Pierre she'll be leaving soon. This role was supposed to be inconspicuous and he is not even listed in the credits for it (though he precedes the film with a title card which explains that he does not appear). Jean and Pierre get into a scuffle and Jean is ejected from the dining room. Another was because he wanted to try staying behind the camera and attempt his first real drama. but instead of painting her wearing the elegant outfit she chose for the sitting.

Chaplin had flyers given to those in line.A Woman of Paris 179 Reception The public did not receive this film very well. a year before his death. In fact. the score he composed is credited as being the final completed work of his 75 year career. imdb.Head Waiter Charles Chaplin (uncredited) . Some film historians have speculated about what the public's reaction would have been if they did not know A Woman of Paris did not star Chaplin — it may have been received much differently. In particular.Jean's Father Adolphe Menjou .Paulette Henry Bergman (uncredited) .Fifi Malvina Polo . and many went to this film expecting to see Chaplin in his traditional role.Porter External links • A Woman of Paris [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Chaplin was very popular at this time. and after its initial release it was not seen by the public for over fifty years.Pierre Revel Betty Morrissey . and that he hopes the public will find these deviations enjoyable. Some consider it to be the first true Chaplin feature.Marie St. On the night the film premiered. Chaplin reissued the edited film with a new musical score -.Jean's Mother Charles K. There were two efforts made to help "ease" the public into the idea of Chaplin doing a film without Chaplin in it.Jean Millet Lydia Knott . The flyers essentially state that this is a deviation from his normal work. since it is the first feature done under the company he co-founded United Artists. the film's characters and their motivations had a complexity that was new to cinema. com/ title/ tt0014624/ . Gottschalk -.in 1976. The film's box office failure was painful for Chaplin. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Edna Purviance . Critical response to the film was very positive.Marie's Father Carl Miller . French . Clair Clarence Geldart . and it is credited with influencing later filmmakers. The film also contains a message at the beginning stating that Chaplin will not be appearing in the film.replacing the original score by Louis F.

000 Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget The Gold Rush is a 1925 silent film comedy written.The Gold Rush 180 The Gold Rush The Gold Rush Theatrical poster to The Gold Rush (1925) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Georgia Hale Mack Swain Tom Murray Henry Bergman Malcolm Waite Charlie Chaplin Carli Elinor Max Terr James L. Chaplin declared several times that this was the film that he most wanted to be remembered for. produced. 1925 Taken at 24 frame/s: 96 minutes United States English $923. Henry Bergman. Though a silent film. Fields Roland Totheroh Charlie Chaplin United Artists June 26. . it received an Academy Awards nomination for Best Sound Recording (see re-release below). and starring Charlie Chaplin in his Little Tramp role. The film also stars Georgia Hale. Mack Swain. Malcolm Waite. directed by. Tom Murray.

Now. Discussing the making of the film in the documentary series Unknown Chaplin. retaining only the film's opening scene. It is in fact the highest grossing silent comedy film. after which they part ways. The Gold Rush was a huge success in the US and worldwide. in which the two kiss. where elaborate Klondike sets were constructed. with the prospector and the fugitive fighting over the prospector's claim. The final film was shot on the backlot and stages at Chaplin's Hollywood studio. Cast • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as The Tramp (labeled as The Lone Prospector) Mack Swain as Big Jim McKay Tom Murray as Black Larsen Malcolm Waite as Jack Cameron Georgia Hale as Georgia Henry Bergman as Hank Curtis Background Lita Grey was originally cast as the leading lady. The Tramp he was with eventually finds himself in a gold rush town where he ultimately decides to give up prospecting. . California. taking in more than $4. ending with the prospector receiving a blow to the head and the fugitive falling off a cliff to his death. Chaplin married Grey in mid-1924.001 at the box office in 1926. After taking a job looking after another prospector's cabin. he falls in love with a lonely saloon girl (Georgia Hale) whom he mistakenly thinks has fallen in love with him. instead of just around the hut as in the final cut). Chaplin proclaimed at the time of its release that this was the film for which he wanted to be remembered. indicating no such footage survives. It is the fifth highest grossing silent film in cinema history. Another major alteration is the ending. Bad weather strands him in a remote cabin with a prospector who has found a large gold deposit (Mack Swain) and an escaped fugitive (Tom Murray).250. he actually receives the note from her. they share a romantic moment by the old house. reflected the state of their relationship by that time (Chaplin's marriage to Lita Grey having collapsed during production of the film). He abandoned most of this footage (which included him being chased through the snow by Big Jim. Hale revealed that she had idolized Chaplin since childhood and that the final scene of the original version. Although photographs of Grey exist in the role. who has developed amnesia and needs the Tramp to help him find his claim by leading him to the cabin. He soon finds himself waylaid by the prospector he met earlier. Chaplin attempted to film many of the scenes on location near Truckee. in which the now-wealthy Tramp originally gave Georgia a lingering kiss. Hale discusses her relationship with Chaplin in her memoir Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups.The Gold Rush 181 Plot The Tramp (Charlie Chaplin) travels to the Yukon to take part in the Klondike Gold Rush. and she was replaced in the film by Georgia Hale. The Tramp is carving up a boot. One sequence was altered in the 1942 re-release so that instead of the Tramp finding a note from Georgia which he mistakenly believes is for him. in early 1924. documentaries such as Unknown Chaplin and Chaplin Today: The Gold Rush do not contain any film footage of her. the sound version ends before this scene.

or aesthetically significant". 100 Laughs #25 • 2007 AFI's 100 Years. the reissue of The Gold Rush also served to preserve most of the footage from the original film.. The Gold Rush was generally praised by critics. 100 Movies #74 • 2000 AFI's 100 Years. although Roscoe Arbuckle did something similar in the 1917 movie The Rough House which co-starred Buster Keaton. [1] converted to a sound version in this fashion. As revealed in the 2003 DVD release. Fields were nominated for Academy Awards in 1943.[2] In 1992 The Gold Rush was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally.The Gold Rush 182 1942 re-release In 1942. like most silent movies it was originally shot and exhibited at a slower speed.. Mordaunt Hall wrote in The New York Times: Here is a comedy with streaks of poetry. Pop culture references The "roll dance" the tramp character performs in the film is considered one of the most memorable scenes in film history. The Gold Rush was the first of Chaplin's classic silents that he Another original release poster. Besides removing the kiss at the end. adding a narration which he recorded himself. linked with brusqueness and boisterousness. pathos.. as it has more thought and originality than even such masterpieces of mirth as The Kid and Shoulder Arms. American Film Institute recognition • 1998 AFI's 100 Years. taking the original silent 1925 film and composing and recording a musical score. 24 frames per second. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #58 .e. historically. it was replicated by Johnny Depp's character in the 1993 film Benny and Joon and by Grampa Simpson in the 1994 episode of The Simpsons entitled "Lady Bouvier's Lover". The new music score by Max Terr and the sound recording by James L. tenderness. Critical reception In its original 1925 release.. as even the DVD-restored print of the 1925 original shows noticeable degradation of image and missing frames. i. and tightening the editing which reduced the film's running time by several minutes. Chaplin released a new version of The Gold Rush. another change eliminated a subplot in which Charlie is tricked into believing Georgia is in love with him by Georgia's paramour. As noted above.. Jack.. It is the outstanding gem of all Chaplin's pictures. In more recent times. Chaplin also changed some plot points. artifacts not in evidence in the 1942 version. The film is also shortened by being run at 'sound speed'. The bit was briefly homaged by Curly Howard in the 1935 Three Stooges film Pardon My Scotch.

[2] Mordaunt Hall. co. copyrightdata. Copyright Office in 1925. [3] CopyrightData. A Comedy Drama in Three Acts" which was separately registered in the U. copyright of the original 1925 version The original 1925 version of The Gold Rush was registered in the U. The 1925 version of The Gold Rush was based upon an underlying unpublished dramatic composition "The Gold Rush. 1925. protection for the dramatic composition was restored in 1996 via GATT and URAA. 2004.com/title/tt0015864/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Gold Rush (http://www.[4] [5] References [1] In 1959 Chaplin re-edited The Pilgrim as part of The Chaplin Revue. ca/ en/ showdoc/ cs/ C-42/ bo-ga:l_I-gb:s_6/ / en#anchorbo-ga:l_I-gb:s_6).S.S.filmsite.html) • Bibliography (http://film. While that copyright registration was not renewed either.S. However. html) [4] Copyright Act of Canada Term of copyright (http:/ / laws. that is incorrect. the film fell into the public domain in the United States at that time.imdb.com/work/20145) at Allmovie • The Gold Rush (http://www.com article[3] bases its argument for public domain status on an exception to that treatment based on the relative dates of first publication of a work inside and outside the United States. public performance and distribution of it will infringe upon the exclusive rights of the owner of the copyright in the underlying dramatic composition. Because the copyright was not renewed when the first term of copyright ended in 1953. copyrightservice. New York Times. Copyright Office at the time of its release in 1925. Roy Export S.com/title/title. the 1925 version of the film (which is a derivative work based upon the copyright protected dramatic composition) is no longer in the public domain since the reproduction. External links • The Gold Rush (http://www.S.com/m/the-gold-rush/) at Rotten Tomatoes • The Gold Rush (http://www. the film obtains its protection by its relationship to another copyrighted work.rottentomatoes. As a result. UK Copyright Service. Copyright of the original 1925 version outside the U. The CopyrightData.The Gold Rush 183 Copyright issues U.com/film..S. copyright protection continues in most countries until 2047 (70 years from Chaplin's death).boxofficemojo.A.com argues that the 1925 version of The Gold Rush remains in the public domain in the United States. The Gold Rush (review) (http:/ / movies2. re-scored. A Woman of Paris.org/gold. & v_id=20145& pdate=19250817& oref=slogin). justice. gc. com/ mem/ movies/ review.jsp?stid=5779) at the TCM Movie Database • The Greatest Films: The Gold Rush (http://www.archive. Since 1996 (for the reasons discussed below) the 1925 version of the film is no longer in the public domain.virtual-history. com/ exercises. and in Canada until 2027 (50 years from Chaplin's death). and The Circus.[3] However. nytimes. and re-issued The Kid.htm) at Box Office Mojo • The Gold Rush (http://tcmdb. August 17. The& reviewer=MORDAUNT HALL. and in the 1970s he reedited. html?_r=1& title1=& title2=Gold Rush. uk/ copyright/ p10_duration). An article on CopyrightData.S.org/details/TheGoldRush_910) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • The Gold Rush (http://www. The 1925 version of The Gold Rush regained copyright protection as a result of the treatment of works by foreign authors under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA).com/movies/?id=goldrush.php?filmid=378) . Outside the U.com discussion of Chaplin post-1917 copyrights (http:/ / chart.allmovie. [5] Copyright Law: Duration of Copyright fact sheet (http:/ / www.

The film stars Chaplin. Al Ernest Garcia. and seeing the profit potential of the Tramp. George Davis and Henry Bergman. . but discovers that the Tramp can only be funny unintentionally. not on purpose. Taken to be part of the circus act. the ringmaster hires him. and the Internal Revenue Service's claims of Chaplin's owed back taxes. the death of Chaplin's mother.8 million dollars in 1928. Harry Crocker. 1928 Running time Country Language 70 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Circus is a 1928 silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin with Joseph Plunkett as an uncredited writer. Merna Kennedy. including a studio fire.The Circus (film) 184 The Circus (film) The Circus Original US poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Al Ernest Garcia Merna Kennedy Henry Bergman Günter Kochan (1969) Music by Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) January 6. Numerous problems and delays occurred. The production of the film was the most difficult experience in Chaplin's career. all of which culminated in [1] [2] filming being stalled for eight months. as well as Chaplin's bitter divorce from his second wife Lita Grey. The Circus was the seventh highest grossing silent film in cinema history taking in more than $3. The story once again follows Chaplin's Little Tramp character.

Al Ernest Garcia as the circus proprietor and ringmaster. George Davis as the magician. restoration work was able to eventually adjust the negative. Tiny Sandford as Stanley J. the ringmaster's stepdaughter. . Harry Crocker as Rex. Merna Kennedy as the stepdaughter of the ringmaster and a circus rider. delaying production for a month. This results in the Tramp's failure as a clown as well as a lover. and becomes an enormous star. the circus is packing up and moving on without him.The Circus (film) 185 Plot The Tramp (Chaplin) is mistakenly suspected as a pickpocket and chased by the police. He is hired by the circus ringmaster and becomes part of the group. Set designer Danny Hall sketched out Chaplin's early ideas for the film.[9] and in Los Angeles on January 27 at Grauman's Chinese Theatre. When he put a score to 'The Circus' in 1928. He filmed that sequence four days after the release of 'The Jazz Singer' (the first successful talkie) in New York. Chaplin's left alone in the empty circus ring. The Circus was well received by audiences and critics. Running away. and litigation delayed the release of the film for another year.[12] Critics consider The Gold Rush and The Circus Chaplin's two best comedies.[7] [8] Chaplin was served with divorce papers by Lita Grey in December.[10] The film was released right at the beginning of the sound film era. Release The Circus finally premiered in New York City on January 6. it earned less than The Gold Rush (1925). In the end. 1928. Sandford. Henry Bergman as the old clown. the head property man. and drawing upon similar story ideas and themes for The Circus.[11] with the very first feature sound film. Production Development Chaplin first began discussing his ideas for a film about a circus as early as 1920. the Tramp takes the initiative for the marriage of Merna and Rex and he leaves the group.It reminds me of Chaplin and his place in the world of the cinema. a tight rope walker/disgruntled property man/clown.[4] Filming Filming began on January 11.[13] Film historian Jeffrey Vance views The Circus as an autobiographical metaphor: He joins the circus and revolutionizes the cheap little knockabout comedy among the circus clowns.[3] In late 1925. it was discovered that the film negative had been scratched. is thwarted by Rex. with Chaplin returning to one of his older films. 1926 and the majority was completed by November. he returned from New York to California and began working on developing the film at Charlie Chaplin Studios. Cast • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as a tramp. the Tramp stumbles into the middle of a circus performance and unknowingly becomes the hit of the show.. The Jazz Singer (1927). John Rand as an assistant property man/clown. The show is moving on without him. though the new couple want him to remain as part of the circus. at the Strand Theatre. having been released just months earlier. a tightrope walker and rival suitor..[5] [6] After the first month of filming. and while its performance at the box office was good. The Vagabond (1916). But by the end of the movie. His romantic attraction to Merna.[7] A major fire broke out at Chaplin's studios in September.

2003). François (director). Chaplin. University of California Press. Krafsur. Joyce (1998). 1961-1970.[15] A new version of the film opened in New York on December 15. .The Circus (film) Chaplin scored that sequence with 'Blue Skies. com/ biography/ articles/ 84-Swing-little-girl). Harry N. Warner Bros. .. 256. 182–183. "Swing Little Girl" (http:/ / www. . 2004. MK2TV. 57. 34. 6. Greenspun. com/ silentfilm/ bookshelf/ 7_v_32_4. Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. ISSN 0042-2738. like a funeral dirge. Abram. [2] "Biggest Money Picture" (http:/ / www. Richard P.). Susan (2002-10-16). ISBN 0810945320. p. p. Variety. "Chaplin's big-top tension. 59. (2003). but the Academy took Chaplin out of the running by giving him a Special Award. Raabe. Robinson. 4. shtml). McFarland. only Chaplin played it slowly and sorrowfully. Jeffrey (2003). Special Award To Charles Chaplin for acting. p. [5] Lynn 1997. Chaplin and American Culture: The Evolution of a Star Image. The DVD Journal. Los Angeles Times. cinemaweb. 16. "The Uncertainty of Sound". [17] Mitchell 1997. Chaplin in the Sound Era: An Analysis of the Seven Talkies. France: Association Chaplin. . ISBN 0520209702. The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films. Princeton University Press. p. 308. Chaplin Today: The Circus. p. charliechaplin. Emir.[14] In 1967. ISBN 0520221281. [9] Vance. [13] "Charles Spencer Chaplin". Variety. University of California Press. [12] Maland. [7] Mitchell 1997.' the song Jolson had made famous. Elliott. June 21.com. com/ movie/ review?res=9F05E1D7123CEE34BC4E52DFB4678382679EDE). E. Gale. Notes [1] Bourne. 1969 with the new score. Retrieved 29 October 2010. p. [16] Ede 2003. [DVD]. [15] King. Charlie. pp. directing and producing The Circus. 179. 1926-1931. Donald (1999).com.[17] 186 Accolades Charlie Chaplin was nominated for four Academy Awards. Nancy (1994-09-30). nytimes.[16] It was released in London in December 1970. p. Da Capo Press. The New York Times. Mark (2004). Chaplin composed a new musical score for the film and a recording of him singing "Swing High Little Girl" playing over the opening credits. Eric L..3. htm). dvdjournal. Part 2. although most unofficial lists of nominations include him. [10] Lynn 1997. writing. [14] Weddle. [6] Mitchell 1997. The Talkies: American Cinema's Transition to Sound. charliechaplin. com/ biography/ articles/ 1-The-Circus). 58. "The Circus" (http:/ / www. France 5. David (2004).' '28 Film With Chaplin. See also: American Film Institute (1997). Roger (1969-12-16). [8] Flom. 438–440. on and off the screen". p. (1997). 17. [4] Ede. 3 (2nd ed. "A familiar tune: Chaplin's `Circus' to be shown with original score". Is Revived" (http:/ / movies. charliechaplin. ISBN 078640325X.[17] The Academy no longer lists Chaplin's nominations in their official list of nominees. p. p. "The Circus: The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www. [11] Crafton. The San Diego Union: p. Reviews. pp. (1991). 313. charliechaplin. ed. p. Producer) Best Director of a Comedy Picture Charlie Chaplin Best Actor Best Writing (Original Story) Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin The Academy took him out of the running for the Awards and gave him a Special Award. . "`Circus' is pure sound of `silents'". "Nothing Obvious or Easy: Chaplin's Feature Films". ISBN 0691028605. ISBN 0306808315. Charles J. 390. p. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 1932. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 1. Kusturica. "Little Tramp:'Circus. Award Best Production Nominee United Artists (Charlie Chaplin. . com/ reviews/ c/ circus. David (1994-12-01). David (April 28. [3] Milton.

com/title/tt0018773/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Circus (http://www. Further reading • Vance.imdb. The Chaplin Encyclopedia. Glenn (1997).charliechaplin.org/pss/3815334). Charlie Chaplin and his Times.The Circus (film) 187 References • Lynn. ISBN 068480851X. ISBN 0713479388. Jeffrey (1996). Simon and Schuster. Film History (Indiana University Press) 8 (2): 186–208. Kenneth Schuyler (1997). External links • Official website (http://http://www. • Mitchell.com/work/9707) at Allmovie .com/en/articles/1) • The Circus (http://www.allmovie.jstor. ""The Circus": A Chaplin Masterpiece" (http://www. Batsford Ltd. B.T.

conditions created. The film is a comment on the desperate employment and fiscal conditions many people faced during the Great Depression.000 (est. and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. it was screened out of competition at the 2003 [1] Cannes Film Festival.5 Million Modern Times is a 1936 comedy film by Charlie Chaplin that has his iconic Little Tramp character struggling to survive in the modern. The movie stars Chaplin. Modern Times was deemed "culturally significant" by the Library of Congress in 1989. Fourteen years later. Stanley Sandford and Chester Conklin. 1936 87 minutes English $1. Morgan Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Williard Nico United Artists (1930s-2003) MK2 Editions (2003-2010) Janus Films/Criterion (2010-present) February 5. . industrialized world.500.Modern Times (film) 188 Modern Times (film) Modern Times Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard (uncredited) Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard Henry Bergman Stanley Sandford Chester Conklin Charlie Chaplin Music by Cinematography Ira H. Paulette Goddard. Henry Bergman. by the efficiencies of modern industrialization. and was written and directed by Chaplin.) $8. in Chaplin's view.

Chaplin is sent to a hospital. he soon abandoned these attempts and reverted to a silent format with synchronized sound effects. which when projected at "sound speed". mistaking it film's most famous scene. but manages to extricate him. he gets a job as a night watchman at a department store. Production • • • • Director: Charles Chaplin Producer: Charles Chaplin Screenwriter: Charles Chaplin Director of Photography: Roland Totheroh Chaplin began preparing the film in 1934 as his first "talkie". he suffers a mental breakdown that causes him to run amok throwing the factory into chaos. Waking up the next morning in a pile of clothes. towards an uncertain but hopeful future. However. a witness reveals his deception and he is freed. Ten days later.Modern Times (film) 189 Plot Modern Times portrays Chaplin as a factory worker. we see them walking down a road at dawn. Most of the film was shot at "silent speed". Outside the jail. Finally. for salt. sneaks the gamin into the store and even lets burglars have some food. Two weeks later. he is arrested once more. He gets his boss trapped in machinery. he eats an enormous amount of food at a cafeteria without paying. and she tries to get him a job as a singer.[2] . he discovers life is harsh. He meets up with the gamin in the paddy wagon. 24 frames per second. the gamin takes him to a new home – a run-down shack which she admits "isn't Buckingham Palace" but will do. Chaplin reads about a new factory and lands a job there. and the girl convinces the reluctant Chaplin to escape with her. which crashes. beginning on October 11. words in (or made up of word parts from) multiple languages and mock sentence structure while pantomiming. In jail. he is arrested again. However. he accidentally eats smuggled cocaine. By night. they escape again. Available prints of the film now correct this. During his floor show. or to successfully deliver a roast duck to table. who is fleeing the police after stealing a loaf of bread. and attempts to get arrested after failing to get a decent job. Following his recovery the now unemployed Chaplin is arrested as an instigator in a Communist demonstration since he was waving a red flag that fell off a delivery truck (Chaplin intended to return the flag to The Tramp working on the giant machine in the the driver). Accidentally paddling a brick into a policeman. Dreaming of a better life. 1935. He is hailed a hero and is released. played by Paulette Goddard. The dialogue experiments confirmed his long-standing conviction that the universal appeal of the Tramp would be lost if the character ever spoke on screen. When police arrive to arrest the gamin for her earlier escape. The other workers decide to go on strike. After being subjected to such indignities as being force-fed by a "modern" feeding machine and an accelerating assembly line where Chaplin screws nuts at an ever-increasing rate onto pieces of machinery. makes the slapstick action appear even more frenetic. In order to get arrested again. employed on an assembly line. he becomes an efficient waiter though he finds it difficult to tell the difference between the "in" and "out" doors to the kitchen. and went as far as writing a dialogue script and experimenting with some sound scenes. he loses a cuff that bears the lyrics of his song. His act proves a hit. The duration of filming was long. he is released and learns that the gamin is a café dancer. To save the girl he tells police that he is the thief and ought to be arrested. He soon runs into an orphan girl (the "gamine"). The next morning. 1934 and ending on August 30. In his subsequent delirious state he walks into a jailbreak and knocks out the convicts. but he rescues his act by improvising the story using an amalgam of word play. 18 frames per second.

eventually stuffing them in their mouths. and its unflattering portrayal of industrial society generated controversy in some quarters upon its initial release. The Chaplin's version is also known as The Nonsense Song for he sang it in gibberish (due to losing the shirt cuff on which he had written the lyrics of the song and being forced to make up the lyrics on the spot). Michael Bublé. Liberté director Clair was an outspoken admirer of Chaplin. Trini Lopez. Chaplin famously feared that the mystery and romanticism of the tramp character would be ruined if he spoke. and blouses). This was Chaplin's first overtly political-themed film. and it remains one of his most popular films. however. The German film company Tobis Film sued Chaplin following the film's release to no avail. and deeply embarrassed that Tobis Film would sue Chaplin. Diana Ross. World premiere of Modern Times (1936). New York The film exhibits notable similarities to a 1931 French film directed by René Clair entitled À nous la liberté (Liberty for Us) — the assembly line sequence is a clear instance. humming tunes and telling Raksin to "take this down". but he was not an orchestrator and was unfamiliar with synchronization. Liberace. established in 1930. 190 Music According to the official documents. the music was written by him as a young man wanting to make a name for himself. The iconic depiction of Chaplin working frantically to keep up with an assembly line inspired later comedy routines including Disney's Der Fuehrer's Face (Donald Duck alternately assembling artillery shells and saluting portraits of Adolf Hitler) and an episode of I Love Lucy titled "Job Switching" (Lucy and Ethel trying to keep up with an ever-increasing volume of chocolate candies. Eric Clapton. Barbra Streisand. Chaplin was a violinist and had some musical knowledge. despite the movie industry having long since embraced the talking picture. His future films. . and feared it would alienate his fans in non-English speaking territories. Reception Modern Times is often hailed as one of Chaplin's greatest achievements. They sued again after World War II (considered revenge for Chaplin's later anti-Nazi statements in The Great Dictator). The romance theme was later given lyrics. According to film composer David Raksin. Modern Times was the first film where Chaplin's voice is heard as he performs the Léo Daniderff's comical song Je cherche après Titine. Michael Jackson and Robert Downey. Chaplin had made drug references before in one of his most famous short films Easy Street. Dean Martin. Jr. forbade the depiction of illegal drug use in films). Chaplin would sit. the music score was composed by Chaplin himself. (included on the soundtrack for the film Chaplin). Raksin later created scores for such films as Laura and The Day After.. often in the washroom. This time.Modern Times (film) The reference to drugs seen in the prison sequence is somewhat daring for the time (since the production code. they settled with Chaplin out of court. and arranged with the assistance of Alfred Newman. and became the pop standard "Smile". Raksin's job was to turn the humming into a score and create timings and synchronization that fit the situations. hats. Judy Garland. The lyrics are nonsensical but appear to have words from French and Italian. first recorded by Nat King Cole and later covered by artists as Sammy Davis Jr. would be fully fledged "talkies" – although without the character of the Little Tramp. The film did attract criticism for being almost completely silent. was flattered by the notion that the film icon might imitate him. Madeleine Peyroux. released in 1917. Petula Clark.

2009.. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4075172/ year/ 2003. 100 Movies #81 • 2000 AFI's 100 Years. festival-cannes.com/film.com/m/modern_times/) at Rotten Tomatoes Modern Times (http://tcmdb. . festival-cannes.. 100 Laughs #33 • 2007 AFI's 100 Years.Modern Times (film) 191 American Film Institute recognition • 1998 AFI's 100 Years.virtual-history. a 2003 French documentary. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #78 References [1] "Festival de Cannes: Modern Times" (http:/ / www.allmovie.rottentomatoes.com/work/33029) at Allmovie Filmsite Modern Times page (http://www..org/mode.com/title/title.imdb. External links • • • • • • Modern Times (http://www.jsp?stid=83805) at the TCM Movie Database Modern Times (http://www. html).. [2] As said in "Chaplin Today: Modern Times".filmsite. Retrieved November 8.php?filmid=2075) .html) Movie stills and bibliography (http://film.com.com/title/tt0027977/) at the Internet Movie Database Modern Times (film) (http://www...

the private valiantly attempts to rescue the exhausted officer. 1940 Running time Country Language Budget 124 min. The protagonist is an unnamed Jewish private (Charlie Chaplin). directed. It was written. However. As medics arrive. the plane quickly loses fuel and crashes in a marsh. and starred Charlie Chaplin. Commander .000 The Great Dictator is a comedy film released in October 1940. the United States was still formally at peace with Nazi Germany. fascism. antisemitism. the latter of whom he excoriates in the film as "machine men. Plot The film begins during a battle of World War I.000. Commander Schultz (Reginald Gardiner). Chaplin's film advanced a stirring. At the time of its first release. United States English $2. Both Schultz and the private survive. controversial condemnation of Hitler. The two board Schultz's nearby airplane and fly off.The Great Dictator 192 The Great Dictator The Great Dictator Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Wheeler Dryden Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard Jack Oakie Charlie Chaplin Meredith Willson Music by Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) October 15. escaping enemy fire in the nick of time. this was Chaplin's first true talking picture as well as his most commercially successful film. Schultz reveals that he is carrying important dispatches that could win the Tomainian war. it was the first major feature film of its period to bitterly satirize Nazism and Adolf Hitler. with machine minds and machine hearts". Upon hearing a fatigued pilot pleading for help. comically blundering through the trenches in a tract of combat scenes. and the Nazis. Having been the only Hollywood film maker to continue to make silent films well into the period of sound films. produced by. a barber by profession and is fighting for the Central Powers in the army of the fictional nation of Tomainia (an allusion to ptomaine poisoning).[1] More importantly.

Hannah. Hynkel dances with a large. though surprised to find him a Jew. Schultz.The Great Dictator Schultz gives them the dispatches. a beautiful resident of the ghetto. at last. Schultz flees to the ghetto and begins planning to overthrow the Hynkel regime. also played by Chaplin in a double role). 193 . played by Billy Gilbert). has relaxed his stance on Tomainian Jewry in an attempt to woo a Jewish financier into giving him a loan to support his regime. in addition. On Garbitsch's advice. In one famous scene. trying to make a pacifistic statement. In the ensuing slapstick scuffle with the stormtroopers. the hospitalization and release of the private. inflatable globe to the tune of the Prelude to Act I of Richard Wagner's Lohengrin at the end of which it suddenly pops in his hands. newspaper headlines. Hynkel denounces Schultz as a supporter of democracy and a traitor. leading to one of Chaplin's most comical scenes. The Jewish private and barber. but is saved when Commander Schultz. along with the barber. meet to discuss their subversive plot. Schultz orders the storm troopers to leave him and Hannah alone. intervenes. who has undertaken an endeavor to persecute Jews throughout the land. The symbol of Hynkel's fascist regime is the "double cross" (compare the Nazi swastika) and Hynkel himself speaks a dramatic. Adolf Hitler. Hynkel. However. having suffered memory loss from the plane crash. finally. and orders Schultz placed in a concentration camp. macaronic parody of the German language (reminiscent of Hitler's own fiery speeches). Schultz voices his objection to the pogrom and shows his empathy towards Jews. and Hynkel reinstates his persecution of the Jews. This seemed to be a premonition of the end of his regime and his unfulfilled ambitions sooner or later. Eventually. and to a speech given twenty years later by Adenoid Hynkel (cf.Meanwhile. now the ruthless dictator of Tomainia. shocked when storm troopers paint "Jew" on the windows of his shop. the barber is almost Chaplin as "The Phooey". Egged on by Garbitsch. who had been hospitalized for the past twenty years. played by Henry Daniell) and Minister of War Herring (compare Hermann Göring. Schultz recognizes the barber (who is reminded of WWI by Schultz and therefore gets his memory back) and. this time to an even greater extent. Schultz says that in order to decide who will carry out this plot (which involves a suicide mission to blow up Hynkel's palace). returns to his barbershop in the Jewish ghetto. Hynkel has become obsessed with the idea of world domination. and other members of the ghetto. the German name for Austria) and needs the loan to finance the invasion. Adenoid Hynkel lynched by Stormtroopers. a coin will be placed in one of five puddings. knocks both Stormtroopers on the head with a frying pan. Hannah (Paulette Goddard). The barber finds a friend and ultimately a love interest in Hannah. The financier refuses. they all decide it is best to heed Hannah's advice not to attempt the suicide mission. and the person who receives the one with the coin in it is to carry out the mission. however. has placed a coin in every dessert. aided by Minister of the Interior Garbitsch (compare Joseph Goebbels. now a high official in Hynkel's government. Hannah. The scene cuts to victory celebrations. but is told that the war has just ended and Tomainia lost. Soon. "translated" at humorously obvious parts in the speech by an overly concise English-speaking news voice-over. Hynkel has planned to invade the neighboring country of Osterlich (likely a corruption of Österreich. like a balloon. both Schultz and the barber are captured and condemned to the camp. is blissfully unaware of Hynkel's rise to power and now.

is a parody of Joseph Goebbels. was modeled after Italy's Il Duce. Border guards mistake the barber for Hynkel. We are coming out of the darkness into the light. a kindlier world. who was previously mistreated by Tomainian police agents looking for the barber. Chaplin (as the barber) absent-mindedly attempts to shave Goddard (as Hannah) in this image from the trailer for the film. to me. the glorious future that belongs to you. Hannah. in introducing "Hynkel" to the throngs. totally failing to impress Napaloni. and as the fascist dictator (or "Phooey". and to all of us. Look up. their greed and brutality. Hannah looks up with an optimistic smile.[3] Cast and analysis The film stars Chaplin in a double role as the Jewish barber. an incompetent adviser to Hynkel. dictator of Bacteria. 194 Chaplin with Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni" Schultz and the barber escape from the camp wearing Tomainian uniforms. Benzino is played with arrogant buffoonery by Jack Oakie. Reginald Gardiner as Schultz. Originally. Garbitsch. After some friction and a comedic food fight between the two leaders. and the invasion proceeds again. who has since emigrated to Osterlich to escape Hynkel. once again finds herself living under Hynkel's regime. and benzene. Conversely. and is amazed when "Hynkel" addresses her directly: "Hannah. cane. We are coming into a new world. The sun is breaking through. clearly modeled on Adolf Hitler. .The Great Dictator Hynkel is initially opposed by Benzino Napaloni (a portmanteau of Benito Mussolini. reversing Hynkel's anti-Semitic policies and declaring that Tomainia and Osterlich will now be a free nation and a democracy. Mussolini was opposed to the German takeover since he saw Austria as a buffer-state between Germany and Italy. is taken to the Tomainian capital to make a victory speech. parodying "Führer") Hynkel. Much of the film is taken up by Hynkel and Napaloni arguing over the fate of Osterlich (Austria). Jack Oakie as Napaloni. the right hand man of Hynkel. dictator of Tomania. Hermann Göring. where men will rise above their hate. Benito Mussolini. falls overboard and is mistaken for the barber and is arrested by his own soldiers. and at last he is beginning to fly. look up. Benzino Napaloni. decries free speech and other supposedly traitorous and outdated ideas. Look up". on a duck-hunting trip. Hannah. can you hear me? Wherever you are. He also calls for humanity in general to break [2] free from dictatorships and use science and progress to make the world better instead. In contrast. and Field Marshal Herring was modeled after the Luftwaffe chief. Garbitsch (pronounced "garbage"). The clouds are lifting. into the future. Also featured in the cast are Paulette Goddard as Hannah. Henry Daniell as Garbitsch and Billy Gilbert as Field Marshal Herring. and attempts to impress Napaloni with a display of military might and psychological warfare. The barber. a deal is made. played by Jack Oakie). Hynkel immediately breaks the deal. hears the barber's speech on the radio. to whom he is nearly identical in appearance. the barber then makes a rousing speech. Hynkel. Hannah. now assuming Hynkel's identity. and thus invites Napaloni to a military show. He is flying into the rainbow—into the light of hope. however. though early in the film's production Chaplin insisted the barber was not the tramp. and moustache of Chaplin's famous Tramp character. Napoleon Bonaparte. in his plans to invade Osterlich. The show turns out to be a disaster. Hannah. The soul of man has been given wings. The Jewish barber has the bowler hat. The "Dig-a-ditchy" of Bacteria. Hynkel invites Napaloni to talk the situation over in Tomainia. Look up. The names of the aides of Hynkel are parodies of those of Hitler's. Hannah.

The Third Reich's official taste in art and architecture is frequently parodied. Famed French film director Francois Truffaut noted that early in the production. "He [Chaplin] put the Little Tramp and $1. when Chaplin was filmed at a Hollywood party doing an early version of the dance. is a caricature of Hitler's oratory style. In the main thoroughfare of the capital the Venus de Milo has been "repaired" to give a Nazi salute. recorded in one continuous shot. but the trend is to view the barber as a variation on the theme. Chaplin. Billy Gilbert as Herring is also required to improvise this fake German at times. after Italy invaded Ethiopia.[6] However.[4] The German words schnitzel. but Ebert also states that. in the fake German Hynkel speaks during the rally and at other points in the film when he is angry (though he normally speaks English). following the Tomainian take-over of Osterlich (a reference to the German Anschluss of Austria on March 12. Chaplin said he would not play The Tramp in a sound film. 5. which is also used at the end of the film when the Jewish barber is making the victory speech in Hynkel's place. The rally speech by Hynkel. "Der banana?" before incorporating the word into his own reply. and at one point (where he is apologizing for having accidentally knocked Hynkel down the stairs) he comes up with the word "banana". 1938). but now also has his arm raised. This is an allusion to the rumors that Goebbels was the actual ruler and Hitler only a puppet-leader. as Hynkel.The Great Dictator The international community (in particular. France and Britain. but removed all of his buttons on his shirt. seems to be the one guiding him. The film contains several of Chaplin's most famous sequences. Chaplin is clearly taken by surprise and repeats. Chaplin. The film's most celebrated sequence is the ballet dance between Hynkel and a balloon globe in his palatial office.5 million of his own money on the line to ridicule Hitler". The globe dance had its origins in the late 1920s. "There is some debate as to whether the unnamed Jewish barber is intended as the Tramp's final incarnation. as the barber. Turner Classic Movies says that years later. In the scene where Hynkel receives news that Napaloni mobilized his troops along the Osterlich border. and while a painter and a sculptor try to create his official image. and moved closer to Germany."[7] In his review of the film. shaves a customer in tune with a radio broadcast of Johannes Brahms's Hungarian Dance No. who constantly counsels and advises Hynkel. as well as "Katzenjammer Kids" and English phrases such as "cheese'n'crackers" and frequently "lager beer". which Chaplin studied carefully in newsreels. withdrew Italian troops from the Brenner Pass along the Austrian border. a language which Hitler condemned as a Jewish plot to internationalize and destroy German culture. Specifically. Mussolini's Stresa front partners) did not share Italy's concern over German annexation of Austria and supported League of Nations sanctions against Italy. Roger Ebert says that "Chaplin was technically not playing the Tramp". and he considers the barber an entirely different character. having been mistaken for the dictator. Chaplin said in 1937 that he would not play the Little Tramp in his sound pictures. has a tendency to remove Herring's medals when he gets angry. The distance between the front door and Hynkel's desk is ridiculously long. with a globe and a Prussian military helmet (this footage appears in the documentary Unknown Chaplin). Although his memoirs frequently refer to the barber as the Little Tramp. Some of the signs in the shop windows of the ghettoized Jewish population in the film are written in Esperanto. revealing a striped shirt with suspenders and then slaps Herring. the dictator never stays posed for more than a few seconds at a time. delivered in German-sounding gibberish. The film ends with the barber. 195 The Jewish barber and Chaplin's classic Little Tramp character There is no consensus on the relationship between the film's Jewish barber and Chaplin's earlier Tramp character. Hynkel not only removed all of Herring's medals.[8] .[5] Garbitsch. Chaplin acknowledged a connection between the barber and The Tramp. In 1936. Mussolini submitted to Hitler's will. The address is widely interpreted as an out-of-character personal plea from Chaplin. sauerkraut and liverwurst (for Leberwurst) can be made out. This conflict is almost forgotten today given Italy's alliance with the German Third Reich during World War II. as Hitler did not apply sanctions against Italy. and Rodin's The Thinker still sits. set to Richard Wagner's Lohengrin Overture. delivering an address in front of a large audience and over the radio to the nation.

. (Tommy Handley wrote a song named "Who is . even affecting the familiar bowler hat and cane. In Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s. Syd. J.[17] 196 Making of the film The film was directed by Chaplin (with his half-brother Wheeler Dryden as assistant director). permitting the eternal outsider to address the masses.[1] Chaplin also may have been inspired by a film his other half-brother Sydney Chaplin directed and starred in. The film was shot largely at the Chaplin Studios and other locations around Los Angeles. But Chaplin was clear that the barber is not the Tramp and The Great Dictator is not a Tramp movie. Kathryn Bernheimer writes. The elaborate World War I scenes were filmed in Laurel Canyon. in The 50 Greatest Jewish Movies. the barber bears more than a passing resemblance to the Tramp. Chaplin and Meredith Willson composed the music. Queen. With The Great Dictator's twist of mistaken identity. Chaplin was motivated by the escalating violence and repression of Jews by the Nazis throughout the late 1930s. Flom's book Chaplin in the Sound Era: An Analysis of the Seven Talkies in which he concludes: Perhaps the distinction between the two characters would be more clear if Chaplin hadn't relied on some element of confusion to attract audiences to the picture. the magnitude of which was conveyed to him personally by his European Jewish friends and fellow artists. Chaplin may have created a new character form the old. The Third Reich's repressive nature and militarist tendencies were also well-known at the time.The Great Dictator Critics who view the barber as different include Stephen Weissman. The similar nature of the Tramp and Barber characterizations may have been an effort by Chaplin to maintain his popularity with filmgoers.[14] while. Joker of twenty years before. but to capitalize on him in a visual sense. Filming began in September 1939 and finished six months later. Film scholars have often noted that the Little Tramp resembles a Jewish stock figure. Chaplin was sued in the 1940s over plagiarism problems with The Great Dictator. Chaplin and Hitler had superficially similar looks. called King.."[13] Several reviewers speak of a morphing of The Little Tramp into the Jewish barber."[12] Similarly. According to Janiss Garza. Colin Shindler writes that "The universal Little Tramp is transmuted into a specifically Jewish barber whose country is about to be absorbed into the totalitarian empire of Adenoid Hynckel. whose book Chaplin: A Life speaks of Chaplin here "abandoning traditional pantomime technique and his little tramp character. most famously their toothbrush moustaches. played a dual role of a barber and ruler of a country who is about to be overthrown. and his boldest political statement to date. P. and also written and produced by Chaplin. was just what one might expect from the Little Tramp.[16] A full two-page discussion of the relationship between the barber and The Tramp appears in Eric L. Joker (1921). writes that "There was something curiously appropriate about the little tramp impersonating the dictator. However. Queen."[10] The Scarecrow Movie Guide also views the barber as different. many of whom by 1940 had never seen a silent picture during the silent era. in Hollywood in Crisis: Cinema and American Society. Chaplin later stated that he would not have made the film if he had known of the true extent of the Nazis' crimes. in her book Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust. Telotte writes that "The little tramp figure is here reincarnated as the Jewish barber". however. "What he chose to say in The Great Dictator. The tyrant and the tramp reverse roles in The Great Dictator. Apparently neither the sueing party or Chaplin himself brought up his own brother's King.[11] However. in A Distant Technology: Science Fiction Film and the Machine Age.. and this similarity is often commented upon."[9] DVD reviewer Mark Bourne bows to Chaplin's earlier statement: "Granted. but he nonetheless counted on the Charlie person to bring audiences into the theaters for his first foray into sound. Annette Insdorf. for by 1939 Hitler and Chaplin were perhaps the two most famous men in the world. the ostracized outcast. like Charlie. the similarity between the Barber and the Tramp allowed Chaplin break [sic] with his old persona in the sense of characterization. an outsider.."[15] Finally. 1929-1939. Thomas Schatz writes of "Chaplin's Little Tramp transposed into a meek Jewish barber".[18] [19] Several similarities between Hitler and Chaplin have been noted and may have been a pivotal factor in Chaplin's decision to make The Great Dictator.

The 2002 TV documentary on the making of the film. Chaplin's popularity throughout the world became greater than ever. Their destinies were poles apart. been denied by Hitler's architect Albert Speer. and began filming in September 1939. and the United Kingdom in December. “he’s the madman. but an eyewitness confirmed he saw it. Roosevelt sent his adviser Harry Hopkins to personally meet with Chaplin and encourage him to move ahead with the film. The Tramp and the Dictator[23] .[22] Chaplin prepared the story throughout 1938 and 1939. The project continued largely because Chaplin was financially and artistically independent of other studios. for Hitler must be laughed at. which annoyed the Nazis.[1] The making of the film coincided with rising tensions throughout the world. According to The Tramp and the Dictator. Jr. Speculation grew that this and other anti-fascist films such as The Mortal Storm and Four Sons would remain unreleased. in which he reports that President Franklin D. One was to make millions weep. describes how his father was haunted by the similar backgrounds of Hitler and himself. But it could have been the other way around. he was mobbed by fans on a 1931 trip to Berlin. the two men were born only four days apart in April 1889. The film was released in France in April 1945.5 million of his own money in the project. The film eventually opened in New York City in September 1940..[26] 197 . to a wider American audience in October. in which the comedian was described as "a disgusting Jewish acrobat" (despite the fact that Chaplin was not Jewish). He finished filming almost six months later. also. after being told Hitler saw the movie."[21] Charlie Chaplin's son Charles Chaplin. but I was determined to go ahead. Both were great fans of composer Richard Wagner. He writes. “Just think. while the other was to set the whole world laughing.The Great Dictator This Man Who Looks like Charlie Chaplin?"[20] ) Furthermore.[24] According to the Internet Movie Database. Dad could never think of Hitler without a shudder. As Hitler and his Nazi Party rose to prominence. who published a book in 1934 titled The Jews Are Looking at You. failure to release the film would have bankrupted Chaplin. filmed before the fall of France. given the United States' neutral relationship with Germany. relates that he sent Chaplin a copy of the book and always believed this was the genesis of "Dictator."[25] Hitler's response is not recorded but he is said to have viewed the film twice." The documentary The Tramp and The Dictator provides audio of a 1983 interview with Chaplin associate Dan James.. one week after the beginning of World War II. Ivor Montagu.” he would say uneasily. When interviewed about this film being on such a touchy subject. who had invested $1. Charlie Chaplin had only this to say: "Half-way through making The Great Dictator I began receiving alarming messages from United Artists . and both grew up in relative poverty with alcoholic fathers and ailing mothers. Chaplin. replied: "I'd give anything to know what he thought of it. half of horror. presented newly discovered footage of the film production (shot by Chaplin's elder half-brother Sydney) which showed Chaplin's initial attempts at the film's ending. the film was not only sent to Hitler. I’m the comic. a close friend of Chaplin. half of fascination.[1] This allegation has however.

some audiences had come to expect Chaplin to make silent films even during the sound era. the UK was at war with Germany and the film was now welcomed in part for its obvious propaganda value. The film was Chaplin's first true talking picture and helped shake off accusations of Luddism following his previous release. drawing 9 million to the theatres. I got the screen credit for The Great Dictator music score. or portrait.[31] Willson wrote: I've seen [Chaplin] take a sound track and cut it all up and paste it back together and come up with some of the dangdest effects you ever heard—effects a composer would never think of. and the theatre's owner. released in 1936 when the silent era had all but ended in the late 1920s. American Film Institute recognition • 2000: AFI's 100 Years. however.[30] Some audiences nicknamed him the "Silent Clown" during the height of the silent era. While Ernst Lubitsch's 1942 To Be or Not To Be dealt with similar themes (even including another mistaken-identity Hitler figure). as did the 1997 Italian film Life is Beautiful.[27] Jewish audiences were deeply moved by the portrayal of Jewish characters and their plight. However. Producer) Best Actor – Charlie Chaplin Best Writing (Original Screenplay) – Charlie Chaplin Best Supporting Actor – Jack Oakie Best Music (Original Score) – Meredith Willson In 1997. To add to that. 100 Laughs #37 Score The score was written and directed by Meredith Willson. the British government announced that it would prohibit its exhibition in the United Kingdom in keeping with its appeasement policy concerning Nazi Germany. He would have been great at anything — music. law. historically or aesthetically significant". London's Prince of Wales Theatre screened its UK premiere. The film had been banned in many parts of Europe.The Great Dictator 198 Reception The film was well received at the time of its release. or painting — house. Alfred Esdaile. and was popular with the American public.. The television series Hogan's Heroes also represented later comedic takes on the era.Brooks would also later remake To Be or Not To Be). Don't kid yourself about that one. like using the Lohengrin "Prelude" in the famous balloon-dance scene. particularly the death camps and the Holocaust.. by the time the film was released. sign. Chaplin stated that he would not have been able to make such jokes about the Nazi regime had the extent of the Nazi horrors been known.[28] It eventually became Chaplin's highest grossing film. feature several silent scenes more in-keeping with Chaplin's previous films. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards: • • • • • Outstanding Production – United Artists (Charlie Chaplin. The Great Dictator does. When the film was in production. but the best parts of it were all Chaplin's ideas.[32] . which was still a taboo subject in Hollywood films of the time. The Great Dictator was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. ballet dancing. the mostly dialogue-free Modern Times. In his 1964 autobiography. later to become well-known as creator of the 1957 musical comedy The Music Man. The film was also popular in the United Kingdom. was apparently fined for showing it. In 1941. after the scope of Nazi atrocities became apparent it took nearly twenty years before any other films dared to satirize the era.[29] Mel Brooks' The Producers (1968) mocked Nazis (though not their actions.

Chaplin insisted that he had been the sole writer of the movie's script.[33] In the first case. Chaplin decided to record the runthrough in case anything was usable. William G. Zamenhof's son was shot.. the Warsaw Gestapo received orders to 'take care' of the Zamenhof family.. Da Capo Press. 199 Chaplin in the globe scene According to Willson. Adolf Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf that the spread of Esperanto throughout Europe was a Jewish plot to break down national differences so that Jews could assume positions of authority. including their common love for the music of Richard Wagner. 358. the future'. the one used in the finished picture". Bailey (1992). recording eight measures or less at a time.. google. 1940" in Historical Journal of Film.. fitting the music to the action. dll/ article?AID=/ 20070927/ REVIEWS08/ 70927002/ 1023)"]. com/ books?vid=ISBN1560241780& id=AzFuFjFwVSYC& pg=PA116& lpg=PA116& ots=0lcH7-WVKp& sig=QChd-EaXKt3N25bdqBVPTajyaWU): "Between world wars. com/ apps/ pbcs.152. com/ thismonth/ article/ ?cid=157939). Frank W. you!" [5] Hoffmann. Chaplin sat "for hours watching newsreels of the German dictator. In the latter case. sadly. Willson was to re-record it with the full studio orchestra. Haworth Press. Esperanto fared worse and. with Chaplin paying Konrad Bercovici $95. He came to a settlement. and "by dumb luck we had managed to catch every movement. Mind & Society Fads. p. it is far less frequently noted that the same music is used near the conclusion of the Jewish barber's speech celebrating democracy and freedom. shtml).000. "The Great Dictator (1940) [review (http:/ / rogerebert. became embroiled in political power moves. They had planned to do it painstakingly. Radio and Television. though. [7] "The Great Dictator:The Essentials" (http:/ / www. Chaplin) in 1947 against Chaplin. [he] was terrified.[34] In his autobiography. the scene in which Chaplin shaves a customer to Brahms' Hungarian Dance No. because of his "unpopularity in the States at that moment and being under such court pressure. Chicago Sun-Times. tcm. ISBN 0306805995. Turner Classic Movies.. uk/ bbcfour/ documentaries/ features/ tramp-and-the-dictator. html) [4] R.The Great Dictator While it is frequently noted that Chaplin used Wagner's Lohengrin prelude in the scene where dictator Hynckel dances with the globe-balloon. As noted above. not knowing what to expect next. ISBN 1560241780. after running through the whole scene to get the overall idea. the hope. using a phonograph record for timing. "Anglo-American Anti-fascist Film Propaganda in a Time of Neutrality: The Great Dictator. 21 2 (2001): 137 ."[35] Notes [1] The Tramp and the Dictator (http:/ / www. 9780306805998. After the Nazis' successful Blitzkrieg of Poland. and that was the first and only 'take' made of the scene. his two daughters were put in Treblinka death camp. "Chaplin:A Life (a self-published web book by a known print author)". americanrhetoric.. co. com/ MovieSpeeches/ moviespeechthegreatdictator. you bastard. p.[32] Lawsuit The film was the subject of a plagiarism lawsuit (Bercovici v. [9] Stephen Weissman. . Retrieved 31 December 2010." [6] Truffaut. The films in my life. Cole.. François (1994). [8] Roger Ebert (September 27.. since the globe-balloon pops... and promises that mankind is 'flying into the rainbow. Chaplin's son has written about how Chaplin was haunted by the similarities between Hitler's background and his. suntimes. The case was settled. bbc. 5 had been filmed before he arrived. 116 (http:/ / books. the Lohengrin music continues to its final climax as the barber over the radio tells Hannah to look up at the sun. the music does not reach a conclusion. exclaiming: ‘Oh. . 2007). "The Great Dictator" (1940) (http:/ / www. official BBC web site [2] wikiquote:Charlie Chaplin#The Great Dictator (1940) [3] American Rhetoric: Movie Speech.. . Retrieved 31 December 2010.

David Maska (2005). The Ultimate Film: The UK's 100 most popular films. . And There I Stood WIth My Piccolo. [33] Noted in Chapter 1 of Modern Times. 218. [14] Schatz.php/site/articles/ the_great_dictator_produced_directed_starring_by_charlie_chaplin) from Clown Ministry • Great Dictator speech. ISBN 1570614156. 200. [18] King. com/ work/ king-queen-joker-97822) [20] "Who Is This Man" lyrics (http:/ / www. London (2007) [29] (http:/ / schikelgruber.P. Hannah' (http://www.com/m/great_dictator/) at Rotten Tomatoes . 9780786403257. 3. Princeton. J. Retrieved 31 December 2010. monologues. 9780819563460. Variety (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0032553/ trivia) [26] Irving Wallace. Innovation. de/ kultur/ charlie-chaplins-hitler-parodie-fuehrer-befiehl-wir-lachen-1. Kathryn (1998). Annette (2003). DVD Journal. Queen. [11] The Scarecrow Video Movie Guide. 88 mn. also known as 'Look Up.com/title/tt0032553/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Great Dictator (http://www. Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp. org/ pages/ 3002/ Bercovici-v-Chaplin-1947. [12] Insdorf. 2002. Sylvia Wallace (February 1980) "The Book of Lists 2". Psychology Press. 1929-1939. [15] Shindler. ISBN 0521016304. 258. 212. Ted. [27] Ryan Gilbey. Modern Places How Life and Art Were Transformed in a Century of Revolution. html). directed by Kevin Brownlow. New York: Doubleday and Company. Charles J. p. Inc. html) Hitler in the movies [30] Okuda. imdb. net/ movies. 9780521016308.com/ MovieSpeeches/moviespeechthegreatdictator. A distant technology: science fiction film and the machine age. "The Great Dictator:The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www. 1989. 2. co. National Film Theatre/British Film Institute notes on The Great Dictator. Amy Wallace. (1999).americanrhetoric. jrank. ISBN 0415103134. and Germany's Spiegel TV [24] German source (http:/ / www. sueddeutsche. McFarland.clown-ministry. London: BFI (2005): 240 [28] Prince of Wales Theatre (2007). uk/ 004/ Who_Is_That_Man. dvdjournal. David Wallace. Sasquatch Books. p. Chaplin and American Culture: The Evolution of a Star Image.com • The Great Dictator (http://www. AllMovie. ISBN 0819563463. 410. ISBN 078640325X. [35] Chaplin. University of California Press. Retrieved 2007-04-06. February 21. Hollywood in crisis: cinema and American society. [13] Bernheimer. 1964 200 Additional references 1. Eric (1997). 9780415103138. My Autobiography. . Michael Kloft 2002. 9781570614156. htm) [21] Review of the movie "The Tramp and the Dictator" by David Stratton. Wesleyan University Press. Maland.American Law and Legal Information" (http:/ / law. [31] "The Great Dictator" (http:/ / www. [17] Flom. imdb. Joker . Cambridge University Press. p. brattlefilm. Chaplin in the sound era: an analysis of the seven talkies. .The Great Dictator [10] Mark Bourne.com/index_1. Joker synopsis by Janiss Garza . variety. [32] Meredith WIllson (1948). Thomas (1999). ISBN 1559724579. Colin (1996). Hannah' Speech at End of Movie in Text. iUniverse. 2004.com (http:/ / allmovie.clown-ministry.rottentomatoes. [16] Telotte.html) from AmericanRhetoric. The Tramp and the Dictator. Boom and bust: American cinema in the 1940s. com/ review/ VE1117917058. Carol Publishing. 877249-3) [25] Trivia for The Great Dictator on IMDb (http:/ / www. 9781559724579. External links • Review of Charlie Chaplin's 'The Great Dictator' (http://www. Wikipedia entry [19] King. com/ reviews/ g/ greatdictator. and Radical Change by By Peter Conrad [34] "Law Library . Retrieved 2007-06-11. ISBN 0520221303. p. Indelible shadows: film and the Holocaust.com • 'Look up. 9780520221307. p.imdb. imdb.com/index_1. p.. p. 571. Turner Classic Movies. p. Audio and Video (http://www. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) [22] Quoted in http:/ / brattleblog. 232. shtml). The 50 greatest Jewish movies: a critic's ranking of the very best. org/ ?p=98 [23] Internationally co-produced by 4 production companies including BBC. Garden City. 808. 322. Theatre Programme.php?/site/ articles/text_of_charlie_chaplins_speech_from_the_great_dictator_aka_look_up_hannah/) from Clown-Ministry. Mama Mia!. p. com/ title/ tt0032553/ fullcredits#cast). Queen.

Plot The film is about an unemployed banker. Henri Verdoux. While being both loyal and competent in his work. 1947 124 minutes United States English Release date(s) Running time Country Language Monsieur Verdoux is a 1947 black comedy film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. . and his sociopathic methods of attaining income. he marries wealthy widows and then murders them.Monsieur Verdoux 201 Monsieur Verdoux Monsieur Verdoux poster for 1972 re-release Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Orson Welles (idea) Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Cinematography Roland Totheroh Curt Courant (uncredited) Editing by Distributed by Willard Nico United Artists (1947 release) Columbia Pictures (1972 re-release) Janus Films April 11. To make money for his wife and child. His crime spree eventually works against him when two particular widows break his normal routine. The film ends as Verdoux is being led to the guillotine in the prison courtyard after dismissing his killing of a few as no worse than the highly-praised killing of large numbers in war. Verdoux has been laid-off.

Monsieur Verdoux 202 Production The script for this film. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc. then in inviting questions from the press with the words "Proceed with the butchering". but that she did not go before the cameras. Chaplin tended to work with a repertory company of actors who performed exclusively in Chaplin's films. the idea for it given by Orson Welles.allmovie. The film and its dark themes were ill-suited to the American political and cultural climate of the time (less than two years after World War II ended). the film was nominated for the 1947 Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay). it has gained enough of a following to be considered a cult film. Danny (1988). It was. 136–140. features some familiar Hollywood actors. Rumors have persisted that Chaplin's 1915-1923 leading lady Edna Purviance made an appearance in the film. pp. more successful in Europe. Instead..com/title/tt0039631/) at the Internet Movie Database • Monsieur Verdoux (http://www. Chaplin bought the script from Welles and rewrote parts of it. there is some comedy in the dialogue as well as some physical comedy. External links • Monsieur Verdoux (http://www. Chaplin biographer David Robinson wrote that Purviance did return briefly to the Chaplin Studios and prepared for a small role in the film. crediting Welles only with the idea. In 1964. Since then. hence he is not (in his eyes) a murderer. Monsieur Verdoux. but Chaplin backed out at the last minute. ISBN 0-671-64810-1. Since the film is a talking picture. William Frawley and Fritz Leiber.. Reception The film was the first to feature no resemblance to Chaplin's famous "Tramp" character (The Great Dictator did not feature the Tramp. Chaplin. At one press conference to promote the film. was inspired by the case of serial killer Henri Désiré Landru.com/reviews/m/monsieurverdoux. The film was not only the biggest hit of the entire festival. I'm not interested. Sr. and consequently was poorly received in America when it first premiered. atypically for a Chaplin film. Despite its poor critical and commercial performance. Welles sought to direct the film with Chaplin as star. References [1] Peary. Another story suggests that although the script had yet to be written. but his "Jewish barber" bore sufficient similarity). Chaplin made his speech.[1] Chaplin was subjected to unusually hostile treatment by the press while promoting the opening of the film.imdb.shtml) by Mark Bourne .com/work/33146) at Allmovie • DVD Journal article (http://www. opted out. deciding that he didn't want to have to write the script with Welles. Chaplin allowed Verdoux to be re-released along with several Chaplin films to play at the New York Plaza as part of a Chaplin film festival. on the grounds that he'd never been directed in a full length film before and wasn't willing to start.dvdjournal. including Martha Raye. Welles wanted Chaplin to play the lead role. however. saying in effect "If it isn't written yet. Welles insisted on receiving a screen credit for the story idea. Cult Movies 3." After seeing the film. and some boycotts took place during its short run. but it broke box-office records for the Plaza. The lead character kills to make money. and Chaplin's popularity and public image had been irrevocably damaged by multiple scandals and political controversies prior to its release.

directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. The film score is composed by Chaplin and arranged by Ray Rasch. The film was subsequently passed over by many theaters.S. . In 1972. since it was during touring to support the film that Chaplin was refused re-admittance to the United States. co-starring Claire Bloom. In dance scenes. the film was given a wide U.Limelight (film) 203 Limelight (film) Limelight Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Claire Bloom Nigel Bruce Buster Keaton Sydney Earle Chaplin Wheeler Dryden Norman Lloyd Charlie Chaplin Music by Cinematography Karl Struss Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Joe Inge United Artists Image Entertainment 1952 (USA) October 16. release and honored at the Academy Awards. The film was released amidst scandal. with an appearance by Buster Keaton. Bloom is doubled by Melissa Hayden. 1952 (UK) 137 minutes United States English Limelight is a 1952 comedy-drama film written.

Chaplin told his older sons he expected Limelight to be his last film. and had appeared infrequently in films over the previous years) that Chaplin insisted that Keaton should be cast in the film. alias Terry (Claire Bloom). In doing so he regains his own self-confidence. Terry. The pairing of Chaplin and Buster Keaton in the final musical number is historic for being the only time the two appeared on film together. and his 1974 book My Life in Pictures. Nursing her back to health. 1914 was the year Chaplin made his first movie. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as Calvero Claire Bloom as Terry Nigel Bruce as Postant Buster Keaton as Calvero's partner Sydney Earle Chaplin as Neville Norman Lloyd as Bodalink Melissa Hayden as Terry's dance double Geraldine Chaplin as Little Girl in Opening Scene Josephine Chaplin as Child in Opening Scene Charles Chaplin Jr. once a famous stage clown but now a washed-up drunk. Then. Reunited with an old partner (Keaton). Thereza Ambrose. eventually finds Calvero and persuades him to return to the stage for a benefit concert. The street where Calvero lives was a redressed set at Paramount Studios. Calvero helps Terry regain her self-esteem and resume her dancing career. on the eve of World War I. Calvero gives a triumphant comeback performance but immediately suffers a heart attack and dies in the wings while just a few feet away Terry. the music hall scenes were filmed at RKO. in contrast. Terry says she wants to marry Calvero despite their age difference. a young composer Calvero believes would be better suited to her. including five of his children and his half-brother Wheeler Dryden. saves a young dancer. from suicide. but his attempts to make a comeback are less successful. now starring in her own show. a fact often attributed to the joy of recreating his early career in the Music Hall. however. It was not until he learned that Keaton was going through hard times (before Limelight. as Clown Michael Chaplin as Child in Opening Scene Oona Chaplin as Extra Production Although the film is set in London it was entirely filmed in Hollywood. the second act on the bill. dances on stage. Chaplin at first had not written the part for Keaton because he believed that the role was too small. Chaplin chose stage actress Claire Bloom for the role of Terry. Chaplin prominently featured members of his family in the film. Chaplin insists that Calvero is based on the life of stage actor Frank Tierney. In both his 1964 autobiography. that Keaton gave such a superior performance that . and some exterior scenes use back-projected footage of London. mostly at the Chaplin Studios.Limelight (film) 204 Plot The movie is set in London in 1914. the movie remains highly autobiographical. Limelight was made during a time where Chaplin himself was starting to lose his audience. lost most of his fortune in the divorce in the process. Most people who have studied the life of Chaplin would assume that his character in the film was based on his father Charles Chaplin Sr who had also lost his audience and had turned to alcohol which led to his death in 1901. Calvero (Charles Chaplin). fueled by the intense rivalry among fans of the two comics. A rumor has persisted. By all accounts he was very happy and energized during production. Keaton had gone through a disastrous marriage. her first major role in films. In many ways. In order to give them a chance Calvero leaves home and becomes a street entertainer. although she has befriended Neville.

It is certainly significant that in the fading stage posters on Calvero's wall he is described as a "tramp comic". Larry Russell. and indeed in some of his stage performances in the film he wears a ragged outfit that is clearly a variation on Chaplin's Little Tramp costume. com/ biography/ articles/ 7-Limelight charliechaplin. given that it is the most apolitical of Chaplin's films from this period. charliechaplin. the year 1914 is significant. twenty years after the film’s first release.also has clear similarities to that of Chaplin's mother.[1] References [1] http:/ / www. There are some glaring similarities between Limelight and Chaplin's autobiography.com: Limelight External links • • • • Limelight (http://www. Terry's story . which was a black comedy critical of capitalism. not only because it is the year in which the movie is set. said that even if some of Keaton's best scenes were cut (which he did not believe). but also because it is the year in which Chaplin played in his first movie.imdb. For example. Keaton's widow Eleanor claimed that Buster was thrilled with his appearance in the film. The story of an older man and a younger woman falling in love and inspiring each others' lives closely mirrored Chaplin's marriage to Oona O'Neill. but also heavily edited his own footage of the duet while enhancing Keaton's. The music The theme to this film. and movie watchers have often viewed the movie in search of important insights into Chaplin's personality and career.com/title/tt0044837/) at the Internet Movie Database Limelight (http://www. and Chaplin. To add insult to injury. This was ironic.clown-ministry.php/site/articles/ review_of_limelight_charlie_chaplin_claire_bloom_buster_keaton/) . many American theaters refused to play Limelight. In 1972. Chaplin eased his notoriously rigid directorial style to give Keaton free rein to invent his own comic business during this sequence. who also appeared in the film.com/work/29384) at Allmovie Limelight (film) (http://tcmdb. her sister forced into prostitution . the film was not seen by the American moviegoing public. 205 Reception While touring Britain to promote the film Chaplin learned that he had been refused a re-entry visa to the United States because of his alleged communist sympathies. and believed his business partner Raymond Rohauer started and fed the rumors. It was not until 1972 that the film was finally seen in wide American release.allmovie.jsp?stid=81444) at the TCM Movie Database Limelight at Clown-Ministry (http://www.com/title/title. A close associate of Chaplin claimed that Chaplin not only did not feel threatened by Keaton's performance. Outside of cinemas in several East Coast cities. Chaplin's son Sydney. This was in part due to the lingering controversy over Chaplin's previous film Monsieur Verdoux (1947). and other relationships in his life. Chaplin and his musical collaborators Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell were awarded a belated Oscar for “Best Original Dramatic Score”.orphaned at an early age. often-covered song as "Eternally" with words by Geoff Parsons and John Turner. According to Keaton's biographer Rudi Blesh.Limelight (film) Chaplin jealously cut his scenes so he would not be upstaged by his rival. the storyline would not logically allow a supporting actor to suddenly appear and upstage the climactic comeback of Chaplin's character. titled "Terry's Theme" (written by Charles Chaplin) became a popular. and Ray Rasch received the Oscar for best original score.com/index_1.

A King in New York 206 A King in New York For the 1990 film. he meets Rupert Macabee (Michael Chaplin). which presents a satirical view of certain aspects of United States politics and society. He tries to contact the Atomic Energy Commission with his ideas for using atomic power to create a utopia. see King of New York . Shadov reassures him that the anti-communist scare is a lot of nonsense. The film was produced in Europe after Chaplin's exile from the US in 1952. At a dinner party. he does make a few commercials in order to get some money. Although Rupert himself says he distrusts all forms of government. 1957 Running time Language 110 minutes English A King in New York is a 1957 film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin in his last leading role. he reveals he's had some experience in the theater. He's approached to do TV commercials but doesn't like the idea. Grieving and guilt-ridden. Later. he is presented to King Shahdov as a "patriot". Shahdov is subsequently suspected as a communist himself and has to face one of McCarthy's hearings. It did not open in the United States until the early 1970s. his parents are communists. editor of the school paper. But Rupert's parents are jailed. some of which is televised live (unbeknownst to him). He is cleared of all charges and decides to join his estranged queen in Paris for a reconciliation. and invites ." Due to a revolution in his country. Invited to speak at a progressive school. and authorities force the child to reveal the names of his parents' friends. his securities having been stolen by his own Prime Minister. a ten-year-old historian who gives him a stern anarchist lecture. King Igor Shahdov (Charlie Chaplin) comes to New York City with almost no money. A King in New York Spanish theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Dawn Addams Maxine Audley Jerry Desmonde Oliver Johnston Michael Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Music by Release date(s) September 12. Plot "One of the minor annoyances in modern life is a revolution.

. and the King attends a film preview for Man or Woman? (Glen or Glenda).. Member of Atomic Commission External links • A King in New York [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. fans and critics are sharply divided over the film's merits. Ambassador Jaume Dawn Addams ... Headmaster Harry Green .. Lawyer Robert Arden. Even today..TV Specialist Sid James ..... King Shahdov Maxine Audley .. School Superintendent Robert Cawdron. A dinner party scene includes a number of satirical portrayals of actors and public figures of the period. Ann Kay . imdb... who scatter in panic .TV Advertiser (billed as Sidney James) Joan Ingram . Johnson ..A King in New York him to come to Europe with his parents for a visit.. 207 Reception The film did well in Europe. In a cataclysmic scene. the film takes witty potshots at American commercialism. com/ title/ tt0050598/ ... Mona Cromwell .. Cast Charles Chaplin .. Macabee Senior Phil Brown . Shadov accidentally directs a strong stream of water from a fire hose at the members of HUAC. while others consider it Chaplin's masterpiece..Hostess Michael Chaplin . Prime Minister Voudel Oliver Johnston ..a bit of fulfilment. In addition to its condemnation of HUAC's methods. Rupert Macabee John McLaren .. but its lack of US distribution severely hampered its commercial impact....... including Sophie Tucker.S. U.. considering Chaplin's own bitter experience with that body. Liftboy Alan Gifford.. Some consider it a bitter throwaway. Queen Irene Jerry Desmonde . Marshal George Woodbridge . popular music and film.

Nevertheless. critics such as Tim Hunter and Andrew Sarris. 1967 120 minutes United Kingdom English $3. or "Skaya"[1] as he calls her in his 1922 book "My Trip Abroad". became the hit song "This Is My Song" for Petula Clark. Tippi Hedren. and his only color film.000 (estimated) A Countess from Hong Kong is a 1967 British comedy film and the last film directed by Charlie Chaplin.A Countess from Hong Kong 208 A Countess from Hong Kong A Countess from Hong Kong Movie Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Jerome Epstein Charlie Chaplin Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Universal Pictures January 5. The theme music. The movie starred Marlon Brando. The story is based loosely on the life of a woman Chaplin met in France. as well as the poet John Betjeman.500 budget. but production was never completed.000 (domestic)from a $3. Chaplin's second son. considered the film among Chaplin's best works. and Sydney Earle Chaplin. Sophia Loren. In recent years is being regarded as a classic. planned for Paulette Goddard. and it received a luckwarm reception at the box-office grossing $2. the film's almost unanimous bad reviews made Chaplin extremely distraught.000. It was one of two films Chaplin directed in which he did not play a major role (the other was 1923's A Woman of Paris). She was a Russian singer and dancer that "was a stateless person marooned in France without a passport. Chaplin's cameo marked his final screen appearance. This resulting film nearly 30 years after its inception resulted in critical failure. and Chaplin himself considered it his greatest film at the end of his life. . named Moussia Sodskaya. written by Chaplin.000. However.500."[3] It was originally started as a film called 'Stowaway'[4] in the 1930s." [2] The idea according to a press release written by Chaplin after the movie received a negative reception wrote that the film "resulted from a visit I made to Shanghai in 1931 where I came across a number of titled aristocrats who had escaped the Russian Revolution.

Charlie Chaplin makes two brief appearances as the ship's steward. she remained in the film and later said that it was a pleasure working for Chaplin. Chaplin's 3 eldest daughters. She has no passport and is forced to stay in his cabin during the voyage. meets Natascha and tells her that the immigration officers have accepted her as Hudson's wife. a Russian countess. she asked Chaplin to expand her role. Cast Actor Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Role Ogden Mears Natascha Sydney Earle Chaplin Harvey Tippi Hedren Patrick Cargill Oliver Johnston Michael Medwin John Paul Margaret Rutherford Angela Scoular Geraldine Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Martha Hudson Clark John Felix Captain Miss Gaulswallow Society girl Girl at dance An old steward Production This was Chaplin's first film in ten years after 1957's A King in New York This is Tippi Hedren's first feature film after her break with director Alfred Hitchcock. being a married man. speaking rather roughly about her and the life she led. The film was the second of Universal's European unit. He meets Natascha.A Countess from Hong Kong 209 Plot summary Ambassador-designate to Saudi Arabia Ogden Mears (Marlon Brando) sails back to America after touring the world. which Hedren's character boards near the end of the film. When she realized that she had a small part as Brando's estranged wife. having just missed her. Ogden's lawyer friend Harvey (Sydney Earle Chaplin) who also helped arrange the marriage. Ogden's wife then confronts him about Natascha. just outside London in 1966. since he has left the cruise and his wife behind. Although Chaplin tried to accommodate her. It was filmed entirely at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire. and before docking at port she jumps off the ship and swims ashore. Ogden's wife then joins the cruise. Geraldine. (at minutes 46 and 1:05) Josephine and Victoria Chaplin (at minute 1:32) appeared in the film. But he reluctantly agrees to let her stay. until she received the script. Although only a formality. The film ends with Ogden and Natascha meeting in a hotel's cabaret and begin dancing with each other once again. however partially separated. They then have to figure out a way to get her off the ship. . as the story mostly takes place on a ship. Mears dislikes the situation. (Sophia Loren) in Hong Kong after she sneaks aboard to escape being forced into prostitution. which isn't wanted by her. Mr. However. he could not. She had high hopes for the film. Hudson wishes to consummate the relationship. and worries how it might affect his career if she is found. and she avoids him. He then asks if his wife would have done as well under such circumstances. and it is arranged that she marry his aged valet Hudson (Patrick Cargill). In the end. following Fahrenheit 451.

he would draw the curtain fast on this embarrassment and pretend it never occurred. gave it one and a half stars. tvguide. at NYTimes. 127. [11] http:/ / www. Chaplin (1922). com/ movie/ review?res=9401E0DA1539E53BBC4F52DFB566838C679EDE republishing of review for "A Countess from Hong Kong" by Bosley Crowther. "Badly shot. com/ servlet_film/ com. with the VHS format as part of the 'Universal Cinema Classics' series. Joyce (1996). rtfilms. badly scored.com [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] External links • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www. and Countess is a glorious romance.A Countess from Hong Kong 210 Video Release The movie was not released on home video until 1996. pp.com's release dates for VHS and DVD formats [6] http:/ / movies. charliechaplin. badly timed. 192. Signet. [10] http:/ / www. client."[6] • Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. uninviting comedy. 1994).com/work/A87931) at Allmovie . however stated that.com [7] Maltin."[10] • FilmCritic. pp. Then in 2003 it was released onto DVD in widescreen format. radiotimes. Milton. the old man hasn't really lost his touch. "the repetitive story (with Loren repeatedly running to hide in Brando's bathroom when there's a knock on the door) gets tiresome."[11] References Charlie. com/ biography/ articles/ 21-Overview-of-His-Life http:/ / www. 356. contrary to all those patronizing critics. "a dismal. com/ reviews/ 1967/ a-countess-from-hong-kong/ Review of the film by Christopher Null. ISBN 0-306-80831-5.allmovie."[8] • RadioTimes gave the movie two stars stating that. With the comment. 263. nytimes. amazon. Chaplin's movies could have his charitable way."[9] • The Harvard Crimson."[7] • TV Guide gave the movie one star. [8] http:/ / movies. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. filmcritic.com/title/title. Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. founder of FilmCritic. com/ s/ ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Ddvd& field-keywords=A+ Countess+ from+ Hong+ Kong Amazon.com gave the movie three stars. com/ countess-hong-kong/ 111578 [9] http:/ / www. My Trip Abroad. 1967 stated that "if an old fan of Mr.imdb.[5] Reception • The New York Times review for March 17. http:/ / movies. com/ article/ 1967/ 4/ 25/ a-countess-from-hong-kong-palong/ The Harvard Crimson official republication of their review. 1967 gave it a fairly good review saying: "Take the new Chaplin film on its own terms. Harper & Brothers. Da Capo Press. com/ countess-hong-kong/ review/ 111578 http:/ / www. simpleSearchServlet?frn=3575& searchTypeSelect=5 RadioTimes official republication of their review. "it's all too staid and too stagey. tvguide. and later re-released as part of the DVD set 'Marlon Brando: The Franchise Collection'. thecrimson.jsp?stid=71592) at the TCM Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www. icl. for April 25. pp. stating that it was. Leonard (September.com/title/tt0061523/) at the Internet Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://tcmdb. beeb.

However. The remaining film is included in Unknown Chaplin and on at least one of the Limelight DVD releases.The Professor (film) 211 The Professor (film) The Professor Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charles D.Fat man in flophouse External links • The Professor [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb.Flophouse proprietor Tom Wilson .Professor Bosco Albert Austin .Man in flophouse Henry Bergman . the film was never released or even completed.Bearded man in flophouse Loyal Underwood . Chaplin abandoned production after finishing only one scene. com/ title/ tt0410477/ .Man in flophouse Tom Wood . Cast • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin . Hall Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Albert Austin Henry Bergman Loyal Underwood Tom Wilson Tom Wood Cinematography Roland Totheroh Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language First National 1919 7 minutes  United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Professor is a 1919 American comedy silent film made at the Chaplin Studios for the First National film company starring Charlie Chaplin.

mainly in the Los Angeles area. and to help establish Von Sternberg. Eve Southern and Charles French. nearly nothing has been known about the film. whose 1924 experimental film The Salvation Hunters had greatly impressed Chaplin. In 2005. Except for a few images in print and a few words in books over the years. over 50 previously unknown production stills were discovered in the private collection of Purviance's relatives. The information from the shooting schedule and title list has been combined with the production stills. the production company burned the negatives in June 1933 for tax purposes . and it was never publicly screened. and was directed by Josef von Sternberg. Some evidence suggests a copy of the film survived at the Chaplin studio until at least the late 1930s. Raymond Bloomer. Chaplin produced the film as a starring vehicle for his former leading lady Purviance. including indoor scenes at Chaplin's studio. The original title list also has survived from the film. This was the only time Chaplin produced a film in which he neither starred nor directed. Internal Revenue Service. Under pressure from the U. also known by its working title Sea Gulls. Actual filming took about three months. Chaplin did not approve the completed film for release. was an unreleased 1926 silent film produced by the Chaplin Film Company. The working title for A Woman of the Sea was Sea Gulls. The few Chaplin associates who saw the film agreed in later years that it was not a commercially viable film. and was published in 2008.A Woman of the Sea 212 A Woman of the Sea A Woman of the Sea Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Josef von Sternberg Charlie Chaplin Josef von Sternberg Edna Purviance Raymond Bloomer Charles French Eve Southern Gayne Whitman Cinematography Paul Ivano Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language United Artists 1926 75 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles A Woman of the Sea. as he was concurrently working on his problem-plagued film The Circus. The now lost film starred Edna Purviance. His involvement in the production was minimal. outdoor scenes were filmed on location in the Monterey and Carmel coastal area in California. . During a twelve day period. as written in the shooting schedule that still survives. It was Purviance's final American film.S. Production details The film was in production for about six months. but no copy exists in the current Chaplin film archives.

where her captors cash in by passing her off as an angel. She is further dehumanized by standing trial to determine if she is human at all. only to be arrested because of her appearance. and Chaplin himself. "I mean to make it someday". My Life in Pictures (1974). com/ title/ tt0017575/ The Freak The Freak was an unfinished dramatic comedy from Charles Chaplin.and the film attributed traits -. She is kidnapped and taken to London. the fictionalized Chaplin is attributed motives -. Chaplin began work in and around 1969 with his daughter Victoria in mind for the lead role. Later she escapes. The story revolved around a young South American girl who unexpectedly sprouts a pair of wings. imdb. No footage from the film is known to exist. though brief color footage of Victoria in wings can be seen in Charlie Chaplin . He also mentioned his intent to make it in an interview on his 85th birthday in 1974.A Woman of the Sea 213 References in other media The film. . Chaplin writes in a caption alongside a photograph of Victoria in winged costume. describes The Freak as a work still in progress. However.that are largely invented by Powers. Chaplin's memoir. figure prominently in Tim Powers' fantasy novel Three Days to Never (Morrow. Victoria's abrupt marriage and his advanced age proved as roadblocks and the film was never made. The script is currently locked away in Switzerland. 2006). Though rooted in established facts. External links • A Woman of the Sea [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.Les années suisses (2003).

First Cop at House Darr Wittenmyer .His Regeneration 214 His Regeneration His Regeneration Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Marguerite Clayton Lee Willard Hazel Applegate Belle Mitchell Lloyd Bacon Robert McKenzie Bill Cato Darr Wittenmyer Victor Potel Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Distributed by Essanay Studios Release date(s) 7 May 1915 Running time Country Language 15 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Regeneration is a 1915 American comedy silent film made by Essanay Studios.Pawn Shop Clerk Charles Chaplin .The Regenerate Burglar Robert McKenzie .The Maid Belle Mitchell .Customer (uncredited) .The Regenerate Burglar Marguerite Clayton .The Waiter Bill Cato . Synopsis A rough criminal gets into an argument over a girl in a dance hall.The Regenerate Burglar Hazel Applegate . 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M.The Saloon Girl Lloyd Bacon . It featured Charlie Chaplin in an uncredited role as a customer. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M.Second Cop at House Victor Potel .The Girl Lee Willard . 'Broncho Billy' Anderson . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M.

as portrayed by Chaplin. and general appearance. The Tramp remains silent until near the end of the film when. The 1931 production City Lights featured no dialogue. The film was only a partial talkie and is often called the last silent film." as Chaplin called him) as a vagrant. However. is a bumbling but usually good-hearted character who is most famously presented as a vagrant who endeavors to behave with the manners and dignity of a gentleman despite his actual social status. 1914). when the sound era began in the late 1920s. Although Chaplin emphatically stated that the barber was not The Tramp. for the first time. hat. "The Little funny Tramp". his voice is finally heard. Chaplin in his costume as "The Tramp" History on screen The Tramp debuted during the silent film era in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice (released on February 7. Chaplin refused to make a talkie featuring the character. however. 1936). The character was rarely referred to by any names onscreen. Chaplin. and a Jewish Barber. Chaplin plays the dual role of a Hitler-esque dictator. While in the end the Tramp manages to shake off his disappointment and resume his carefree ways. Chaplin's films did not always portray "The Tramp" (or "The Little Fellow. The Tramp and The Bank. and was considered an international character. as in the original silent version of The Gold Rush.” . feature-length productions (in only a handful of other productions did he play characters other than the Tramp). also known as The Little Tramp (Charlot internationally) was Charlie Chaplin's most memorable on-screen character.His Regeneration 215 References External links • His Regeneration (http://www. The Tramp was closely identified with the silent era. Chaplin continued to play the Tramp through dozens of short films and. Despite a few silent scenes. This allowed the Tramp to finally be given a voice but not tarnish his association with the silent era. he also uses his cunning to get what he needs to survive and escape the authority figures who will not tolerate his antics.imdb. albeit only as part of a French/Italian-derived gibberish song. with his Little Tramp character.com/title/tt0192120/) at the Internet Movie Database The Tramp The Tramp. a recognized icon of world cinema most dominant during the silent film era. Chaplin officially retired the character in the film Modern Times (released February 5. quickly became the most popular star in Keystone director Mack Sennett's company of players. he retains the Tramp's moustache. Two films Chaplin made in 1915. while he is ready to take what paying work that is available. later. the barber speaks throughout the film (using Chaplin's own British accent). although he was sometimes identified as "Charlie" and rarely. “the pathos lies in The Tramp's hope for a more permanent transformation through love. which appropriately ended with the Tramp walking down an endless highway toward the horizon. and his failure to achieve this. created the characteristics of his screen persona. The Tramp. including the passionate plea for peace that has been widely interpreted as Chaplin speaking as himself. In The Great Dictator. Chaplin's first film after Modern Times.

This could be seen as “an attack on the capitalist rationalization of production. “the film also guardedly affirms American middle-class. and by doing so. cocaine). a small derby hat. The Tramp and the gamine find a rundown shack to live in. The obsession of working with efficiency and assembly line productivity ultimately drives the Tramp mad. no filmmaker before Chaplin had created their experience so humanly and lovingly. also shows support and belief in the “American Dream”. either he is wearing secondhand clothes. unknowingly and inadvertently becomes the leader of group of protesting workers. in which he and the gamine live a traditional middle-class lifestyle. the Tramp had always been depicted as having dark hair. or they are originally his but he cannot afford new ones. but the Tramp would rather stay in jail because it is better than the outside world.The Tramp 216 Characteristics The physical attributes of the Tramp include a pair of baggy pants. 1940). By the ending of Modern Times. but two similar-looking characters to the Tramp in The Great Dictator (released October 15. Because of this.”[4] “No comedian before or after him has spent more energy depicting people in their working lives. he wouldn't have been able to make a comedy satirizing Hitler). although he does engage in several Tramp-like comedy sequences. this was an all-talking film (Chaplin's first). The Tramp may have seen better days. While in jail he accidentally eats “nose powder” (A. Chaplin creates a “portrayal consistent with popular leftist stereotypes of wealthy capitalists and oppressed workers in the 1930s.”[5] “Though there had been films depicting the lives of immigrants and urban workers.A. and is able to keep his hope that some day he actually will be again.” Chaplin was unique among the silent film comedians because of his physical shtick. the president of the Electro Steel Company works on a puzzle and reads the funnies in the newspaper. The Tramp walks strangely and uncomfortably because of the ill-fitting clothing. which causes him to not return to his jail cell. with the Tramp replying with. while critical of the faults and excesses created by the capitalist system. however. In Modern Times.K. A noticeable difference is that the barber has a streak of grey in his hair. notably his idealism and anger at seeing unfairness. The film was inspired by the noted similarity between Chaplin's appearance (most notably his small mustache) and that of German dictator Adolf Hitler. In Modern Times he picks up a red flag that falls off a truck and starts to wave it at the truck in an attempt to return it. and then the Tramp is off to work. Chaplin used this similarity to create a dark version of the Tramp character in parody of the dictator. but sometimes the results worked in his favor. “Buck up–never say die. but he maintains the attitude and demeanor of a high-class individual. “What makes Modern Times decidedly different from Chaplin's previous three films are the political references and social realism that keep intruding into Charlie's world.” Due to all of their failings the final scene had the gamine stating. His character does share much of The Tramp's character. and is clearly portrayed as having a profession.”[1] While the Tramp and his fellow workers sweat on the assembly line. The barber. a tight coat. (In his book My Autobiography. a large pair of shoes.”[2] However.”[3] An example of this is sequence depicting a dream that the Tramp has. This scene in the rundown shack is an allusion to a middle-class setting. is not considered a version of that character. he fights off some jail breakers attempting to escape. but when he eventually does. and ends up in jail because of it. Also. Chaplin stated that he was unaware of the Holocaust when he made the film. but also because of the universality of his class struggle humor and his social commentary.”[6] Chaplin used not one. while the gamine stays to maintain the home. Significance Chaplin's social commentary. particularly its optimism. “What's the use of trying?”. while having many similarities to the Tramp. he writes. the barber lacks the ill-fitting clothes of The Tramp. thus saving the life of the warden. The gamine cooks a cheap breakfast. the warden offers to let him go. . a cane and the famous small mustache. “the film seems tailored to please the middle-class optimist. as long as he acts like one he can believe that he is one. if he had been. The Tramp was usually the victim of circumstance and coincidence.

so the Tramp must eat grass. The girl's fiancé arrives. Lloyd Bacon. knowing pictorially the figure would be vividly outlined on the screen. He actually became a man with a soul . pg 113 http:/ / www. I wanted the clothes to be a mass of contradictions. In 1959. pg 150 Article 21. The clothes seemed to imbue me with the spirit of the character. the Tramp throws all three into a lake. References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] Article 22. He wears an air of romantic hunger. com/ watch?v=NPLGvI03Vrk . The film also stars Edna Purviance. There was room for the Little Man in the atomic age. and the Tramp comes to her aid with the help of the brick. In the film. Sennett the type of person he was. When two more hobos show up. including Mr. The grateful girl takes the Tramp home.The Tramp 217 Chaplin's views In an interview in 1933. a tight coat. forever seeking death. pg 153 Article 20.a point of view. The short film The Tramp is also a short film starring Chaplin as the titular main character. My appearance got an enthusiastic response from everyone. a small derby hat and a large pair of shoes. youtube. To add a comic touch. Chaplin explained how he came up with the look of the Tramp: A hotel set was built for (fellow Keystone comic) Mabel Normand's picture Mabel's Strange Predicament and I was hurriedly told to put on a funny make-up. pg 152 Article 20. Charlie – knowing he must go – writes a farewell note and leaves again for the open road. but his feet won't let him. and Leo White. a hobo exchanges the Tramp's sandwich for a brick. The same hobo later bothers a farmer's daughter." In the 1980s. where he fails as a farmhand. I wore a small mustache which would not hide my expression. pg 151 Article 20. He again helps drive off the hobos (who are now trying to break into the house). Though a hero. the character connected with a new generation as the mascot and feature character of a well-received advertising campaign [7] promoting the IBM PC personal computer. I defined to Mr. The Tramp was released on April 11. 1915 through Essanay Studios. Sennett. having been editing The Chaplin Revue. This time I went to the wardrobe and got a pair of baggy pants. Chaplin commented to a reporter (regarding the Tramp character) "I was wrong to kill him. pg 110 Article 21.

2006 (restored) 80 min. Souls for Sale was thought to be lost. In 2005. 2006. and other filmmakers. 1923 (original) January 24. the winner of TCM's Young Film Composers Competition. The film is most notable for its insights into the early film industry. directed. a partnership between MGM and the cable channel Turner Classic Movies resulted in a restored print of the film. Souls for Sale includes rare behind-the-scenes footage of Chaplin and von Stroheim directing the films A Woman of Paris and Greed. Mescall Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Goldwyn Pictures March 27. as well as a number of actors. Charlie Chaplin.Souls for Sale 218 Souls for Sale Souls for Sale Original theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rupert Hughes Rupert Hughes Rupert Hughes (novel and screenplay) Eleanor Boardman Lew Cody Richard Dix Mae Busch Marcus Sjöwall (2006) Music by Cinematography John J. The film featured Eleanor Boardman in her first leading role. developed a new film score for the film. Marcus Sjöwall. Marshall Neilan. . Among the significant cameos in the film are appearances by directors King Vidor. until copies began surfacing in various film vaults and private collections in the 1980s and 1990s. The restored version with the new musical score premiered on the channel on January 24. producers. Fred Niblo. and produced by Rupert Hughes from his novel of the same name. and Erich von Stroheim. United States Silent film English intertitles Souls for Sale is a 1923 silent film written. having won a contract with Goldwyn Studios through their "New Faces of 1921" contest just two years prior.

Souls for Sale 219 Plot Remember "Mem" Steddon (Eleanor Boardman) marries Owen Scudder (Lew Cody) after a whirlwind courtship. Cast • • • • • • • • • Eleanor Boardman as Remember "Mem" Steddon Lew Cody as Owen Scudder Richard Dix as Frank Claymore Mae Busch as Robina Teele Frank Mayo as Tom Holby Barbara La Marr as Leva Lamaire Arthur Hoyt as Jimmy Leland David Imboden as Caxton Roy Atwell as Arthur Tirrey . Mem sets off in search of civilization. When the inn closes for the season. she is given a role as an extra. Scudder returns and sneaks into her bedroom. When star Robina Teele (Mae Busch) is seriously injured by a falling light. he flies into a jealous rage. she impulsively and secretly gets off in the middle of the desert. but he wants her. In the climax.) Scudder. but let him live. offers him money to leave her alone. She becomes his next victim. Afterward. (Claymore orders his cameramen to keep shooting. though fortunately for her. on their wedding night. Holby and Claymore have become rivals for Mem's affections. Scudder tries to shoot him. she turns out to be the same sort of crook as he. Just as Mem is rising to fame. When Scudder sees their warmly-autographed photographs. she sees an unusual sight: an Arab on a camel. but he did at least one thing right. she and her father "Lord Fryingham" (William Orlamond) rob him. When Mem stumbles into the machine's path. Claymore decides to train her anyway. Holby spots Scudder and struggles with him. He apologizes before dying. It turns out to be actor Tom Holby (Frank Mayo). Mem travels to Hollywood in search of work. but when Scudder overhears the director propose marriage to his protegée. However. Mem. Her actress friend from the desert shoot. However. who has snuck into the audience of extras. Scudder rushes to save her and loses his own life. Severely dehydrated. Leva Lemaire (Barbara La Marr). when filming ends. but rather gets a job at a desert inn. Claymore wrestles away his gun. she does not follow the troupe back to Hollywood. when Scudder realizes she is gone. To his profound embarrassment. Scudder is recognized and arrested at the train station. Scudder leaves only when she threatens to kill herself. When the train taking them to Los Angeles stops for water. he only robs her of her savings. He leaves the country and targets Englishwoman Lady Jane (Aileen Pringle). Meanwhile. she has a change of heart. takes advantage of the panic and confusion to try to kill an unsuspecting Claymore by driving a wind machine (with a deadly propeller) at him. He turns out to be a cold-blooded murderer who marries women. she has stumbled upon a film being shot on location. complete with a full-scale Big Top tent. She proves to be talented and steadily gets better and better parts. Claymore shows up. he does not have the train stopped. and then kills them for the payoff. explaining that all his life there was something wrong with him. When she recuperates. Mem chooses Claymore over Holby. a lightning storm sets the huge tent on fire in the middle of filming. Filming continues on an outdoor circus set. persuades Claymore to give her a screen test for the only uncast role in his next production: a comic part. Though she fails miserably. aware of her husband's past and fearful of a career-ending scandal. insures them. He escapes and persuades a gullible Abigail Tweedy (Dale Fuller) to filing off his handcuffs. Claymore decides to have Mem take her place. but lets him go at Mem's urging. Both Holby and director Frank Claymore (Richard Dix) are attracted to her. Strangely.

Erich von Stroheim is shown filming a scene from Greed. com/ work/ 111157 [3] http:/ / rogerebert. The Eternal Three and The Famous Mrs. Fair. allmovie. the assistant director Dale Fuller as Abigail Tweedy 220 Cameos Numerous stars of the silent era have cameos in this film. dll/ article?AID=/ 20090729/ REVIEWS08/ 907299989/ 1004 . which he did actually direct. Steddon. suntimes. com/ title/ tt0014497/ [2] http:/ / www.the Klown William Haines as Pinkey. Mem's mother William Orlamond as Lord Fryingham Aileen Pringle as Lady Jane Snitz Edwards as Komical Kale . External links • Souls for Sale [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Souls for Sale [2] at Allmovie • Roger Ebert's review [3] References [1] http:/ / www. John Steddon. imdb. The making of two other films is also presented. Home media The film was one of several released by Warner Brothers on DVD in March 2009. Mem's father Edith Yorke as Mrs. Charlie Chaplin guides Boardman in a fake scene from A Woman of Paris.Souls for Sale • • • • • • • Forrest Robinson as Rev. com/ apps/ pbcs.

and writer Elinor Glyn. The film is a lighthearted look at Hollywood at the end of the silent film era (it was released the year after breakthrough talking picture The Jazz Singer). historically. with a new orchestral score by Carl Davis. The film was re-released in the 1980s. Vidor also appears in a cameo as himself. Douglas Fairbanks. including stars Charlie Chaplin. or aesthetically significant". . The movie was a starring vehicle for actress Marion Davies and actor William Haines and included notable cameo appearances by many of the film personalities of the day.Show People 221 Show People Show People theatrical advertisement Directed by Produced by Starring Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language King Vidor Irving Thalberg Marion Davies William Haines John Arnold Hugh Wynn Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 11 November 1928 79 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Show People is a 1928 comedy silent film directed by King Vidor. In 2003. Show People was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. as does Davies (to a decidedly unimpressed reaction by herself in character as Peggy Pepper). and is considered Davies' best role. Hart and John Gilbert. William S.

again in clip from Bardelys the Magnificent. then again at banquet Elinor Glyn . Hart . She has fulfilled her dream of playing serious. as well as a custard pie in Andre's.at banquet Dorothy Sebastian . with Billy's loving support. and soon becomes so conceited that her boring performances begin to drive away her public. Soon enough. William Haines and Marion Davies in Show People Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Marion Davies as Peggy Pepper William Haines as Billy Boone Dell Henderson as General Marmaduke Oldfish Pepper Paul Ralli as Andre Telefair Tenen Holtz as Casting director Harry Gribbon as Jim .at banquet Eleanor Boardman .at banquet Mae Murray . After some initial disillusionment. brings her to her senses.at banquet Norma Talmadge .at banquet Marion Davies . becomes a real movie star. but she decides to "take it on the chin" and. Billy bursts in and.at banquet Estelle Taylor .at banquet Rod La Rocque .outside film studio.at banquet King Vidor as director of war film Claire Windsor .at banquet Aileen Pringle . Fortunately.at banquet . rescuing her career and both of their happiness. dramatic roles. on the day of her marriage to her co-star.at High Art Studios William S. Peggy goes.cameo as herself in addition to starring as Peggy Douglas Fairbanks . as "Patricia Pepoire". and is at first shocked and dismayed to find she is doing slapstick comedy in low-budget "Comet" productions. becomes a success. Peggy is signed to a contract by the prestigious "High Art" studio and. by means of another shpritz of seltzer in her face.clip from Bardelys the Magnificent Charlie Chaplin . phony-count Andre Telefair (Paul Ralli).at High Art Studios Karl Dane .Show People 222 Plot Young Peggy Pepper (Marion Davies) wants to be in motion pictures.outside movie theater Lew Cody .at banquet John Gilbert .at banquet Louella Parsons . so her father (Dell Henderson) drives them both across the country from their home in Georgia to Hollywood.Comedy director Kalla Pasha as Comic chef (uncredited) Sidney Bracey as Dramatic director Polly Moran as Peggy's maid Albert Conti as Producer Ray Cooke as Director's assistant (uncredited) Lillian Lawrence as Comedy player at banquet (uncredited) Dorothy Vernon as Comedy player at banquet (uncredited) Pat Harmon as Studio Gateman (uncredited) Bert Roach as Heavyset man in casting agency (uncredited) Rolfe Sedan as Portrait photographer (uncredited) Coy Watson as Messenger boy (uncredited) Bess Flowers as Undetermined bit role (uncredited) Uncredited cameos: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Renée Adorée .at banquet George K. but she cuts off contact with Billy and the old comedy troupe. Arthur.at banquet Leatrice Joy . gets sprayed with seltzer water at her first entrance. she meets Billy Boone (William Haines) in a studio commissary and he tells her to show up at his set if she wants work.

fearing for Marion Davies' dignity. and director Vidor. Hearst. com/ thismonth/ article. Hart. Originally the script called for Peggy to get hit in the face with a pie after being pressed into the comedy movie shoot. and who later married a French nobleman.imdb. William Randolph Hearst objected to this. all financially backed by Hearst's Hollywood film company. jsp?cid=92581& mainArticleId=245363) [2] Contemporary "Variety" review (http:/ / www. Though one of the great comic talents of her day.html) . but the positive publicity value of cooperating with Hearst and MGM also played a factor. Peggy's story was inspired in part by that of Gloria Swanson.jsp?stid=2609) at the TCM Movie Database Show People (http://www.com/title/tt0019379/) at the Internet Movie Database Show People (http://tcmdb. such as Tillie the Toiler (1927). Cosmopolitan Productions. References [1] "Show People" at TCM (http:/ / www. Lucille Ball frequently cited Davies as a major comedic influence and all of Ball's facial techniques and comic behaviors evident in I Love Lucy are startlingly apparent in Davies' performance in this film. and as a compromise the scene was changed to have Peggy soaked with spray from a seltzer bottle. com/ review/ VE1117794870. costly period romance films at the behest of her newspaper tycoon lover William Randolph Hearst. and others. tcm.silentera.com/title/title.com/PSFL/data/S/ShowPeople1928. The character of Andre was seen at the time as a satire of John Gilbert. Bride's Play (1922) and the infamously expensive When Knighthood Was in Flower (1922).[2] The closing scene on the set of a war movie may be a nod to King Vidor's smash hit of three years before.allmovie. This movie is similar in theme to the lost Paramount cameo filled comedy Hollywood directed by James Cruze in which a young woman and her elderly grandfather go to Hollywood for her to become a star. who got her start as a Bathing Beauty at Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios before hitting it big as a dramatic actress. The Big Parade. Many agreed to appear out of friendship with Davies. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) External links • • • • Show People (http://www. Yolanda (1924).[1] Davies' peculiar lip pucker after she becomes "Patricia Pepoire" was an imitation of Mae Murray whom Davies bore a resemblance to. featured in many of the decade's successful comedies. who supposedly enjoyed seeing his mistress in fancy costume. For example: Janice Meredith (1924). including Charlie Chaplin. The film has a remarkable number of cameo appearances from some of the top stars of the day.Show People 223 Production Show People offers an entertaining inside look at 1920s Hollywood and reflects on the actual acting career of starlet Marion Davies.com/work/44524) at Allmovie Show People at the silentera database (http://www. William S. she too often appeared in extravagant. variety. Douglas Fairbanks.

In the episode. com/ title/ tt0017871/ . Will Hays. Felix goes to Hollywood and meets Charlie Chaplin. Douglas Fairbanks. Snub Pollard & Ben Turpin. References [1] http:/ / www. Hart. imdb. References • Felix in Hollywood [1] at the Internet Movie Database Felix and Charlie Chaplin share the screen in a memorable moment from the short.Felix in Hollywood 224 Felix in Hollywood Felix in Hollywood is a 1923 short featuring Felix the Cat. William S.

. 1992 135 minutes United Kingdom United States English $31 million $9. Dan Aykroyd. William Boyd. The original music score was composed by John Barry. It was produced and directed by Richard Attenborough and stars Robert Downey.493. Hannah Chaplin. The film was adapted by Diana Hawkins. Kevin Kline. and Anthony Hopkins. Geraldine Chaplin Moira Kelly Dan Aykroyd Penelope Ann Miller Kevin Kline John Barry Starring Music by Cinematography Sven Nykvist Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Anne V. It also features Geraldine Chaplin in the role of her own paternal grandmother.259 Chaplin is a 1992 biographical film about the life of English comedian Charlie Chaplin. Coates Carolco Pictures TriStar Pictures December 25. . Jr. Bryan Forbes and William Goldman from the books My Autobiography by Chaplin and Chaplin: His Life and Art by film critic David Robinson. Jr.Chaplin (film) 225 Chaplin (film) Chaplin Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Richard Attenborough Richard Attenborough Mario Kassar Diana Hawkins William Boyd Bryan Forbes William Goldman Robert Downey.

head of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation Deborah Moore as Lita Grey. after which he relocates to the United States. Edgar Hoover. Downey's performance as Chaplin won almost universal acclaim. a Hollywood comedian Maria Pitillo as Mary Pickford. Attenborough was sufficiently confident in Downey's performance to include historical footage of Chaplin himself at the end of the film.[1] One critic wrote that the screenplay "endeavors to cover too much ground. a young Hollywood actress Kevin Kline as Douglas Fairbanks. from which he escapes by immersing himself in the world of the London music halls. a California attorney David Duchovny as Roland Totheroh. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's second wife Diane Lane as Paulette Goddard. Paulette Goddard. Charlie's final wife Anthony Hopkins as George Hayden. Marion Davies. a young Hollywood actress Penelope Ann Miller as Edna Purviance. the editor of his autobiography. Jr. Joan Barry and Oona O'Neill). The film includes references to some of his many romantic episodes (including Hetty Kelly. Edna Purviance. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's third wife Nancy Travis as Joan Barry. a leading lady in early Hollywood movies Milla Jovovich as Mildred Harris. The life of Charlie Chaplin was so vast and varied that a film is far too restrictive a format to give it justice. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's first wife Kevin Dunn as J. Charlie's biography editor Dan Aykroyd as Mack Sennett. Chaplin's long time cameraman Critical reception Although the film was criticized for taking dramatic licence with some respects of Chaplin's life. as Charlie Chaplin Geraldine Chaplin as Hannah Chaplin. Lita Grey. Charlie's brother John Thaw as Fred Karno. but many critics dismissed it as an overly glossy biopic. Chaplin's recollections begin with his childhood of extreme poverty.Chaplin (film) 226 Plot The film is structured around lengthy flashbacks as the elderly Chaplin recollects moments from his life during a conversation with fictional character George Hayden (Anthony Hopkins). Georgia Hale. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Robert Downey. Charlie's mother Paul Rhys as Sydney Chaplin."[2] Awards Academy Awards . The film was lauded for its high production values. British music-hall impresario Moira Kelly as Hetty Kelly / Oona O'Neill. a young Hollywood actress James Woods as Joseph Scott. an early Hollywood film producer Marisa Tomei as Mabel Normand. Mildred Harris. a leading man in early Hollywood movies Matthew Cottle as Stan Laurel.

the same as the original theater release). and included several minutes of home-movie footage shot on Chaplin's yacht. Robert Downey.[3] The 15th Anniversary Edition Blu-Ray of Chaplin was released on February 15.Chaplin (film) 227 Award Nominated: Best Actor Best Score Person Robert Downey. 2011. Person BAFTA Award for Best Production Design Stuart Craig Golden Globe Awards Award Nominated: Best Original Score Best Actor – Drama John Barry Robert Downey. Jr. Jr. Jr. The anniversary edition contained extensive interviews with the producers. . A fifteenth-anniversary edition was released by Lions Gate Entertainment (who obtained the distribution rights to the film in the interim) in 2008. John Barry Best Art Direction Stuart Craig Chris Butler BAFTA Awards Award Awarded: BAFTA Award for Best Actor Nominated: BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair John Mollo Ellen Mirojnick Wally Schneiderman Jill Rockow John Caglione. Jr. Person Best Supporting Actress Geraldine Chaplin Home media The film was released on DVD in 1997. The box for this DVD mistakenly lists the film's running time as 135 minutes (it is 144 minutes.

movie-tv-episode-database. [3] "Combustible Celluloid film review .rottentomatoes. Hometheaterinfo. Moira Kelly.com/work/8916) at Allmovie Chaplin (http://www. Robert Downey Jr. Richard Attenborough. this sumptuous biopic may have a touch too much gloss. htm). External links • • • • • Chaplin (http://www.com/m/chaplin/) at Rotten Tomatoes . combustiblecelluloid.jsp?stid=23157) at the TCM Movie Database Chaplin (http://www.boxofficemojo.Chaplin (1992).Chaplin (film) 228 References [1] "Dismissed on its release by many critics as a typically fluffy paean to Chaplin ." (http:/ / www.allmovie. Retrieved 2010-09-07. com/ archive/ chaplin92. .htm) at Box Office Mojo Chaplin (http://www.. Combustiblecelluloid.com/title/title.imdb.com/movies/?id=chaplin.com. com/ Film/ Chaplin-44781/ ) [2] "Chaplin (1992)" (http:/ / www. but it's anything but bland. shtml). Retrieved 2010-09-07. com/ chaplin_(1992). . hometheaterinfo. dvd review" (http:/ / www. .com. 2008-10-08.com/title/tt0103939/) at the Internet Movie Database Chaplin (http://tcmdb.

and actress Margaret Livingston. The screenplay by Steven Peros is based on his play of the same title. Norris Lions Gate Entertainment April 12. ends in an unusual death which would go on to become subject of legendary Hollywood folklore. which was inspired by the mysterious death of film mogul Thomas H.) 112 minutes Germany United Kingdom United States English $7 million Language Budget The Cat's Meow is a 2001 drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich. 2004 (U. Joanna Lumley. columnist Louella Parsons. and starring Kirsten Dunst. Cary Elwes. writer Elinor Glyn. Ince.S. The film takes place aboard publisher William Randolph Hearst's yacht on a weekend cruise celebrating Ince's 42nd birthday in November 1924. Eddie Izzard. and Jennifer Tilly. 2002 (U.The Cat's Meow 229 The Cat's Meow The Cat's Meow Original poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Peter Bogdanovich Michael Paseornek Wieland Schulz-Keil Steven Peros Kirsten Dunst Edward Herrmann Eddie Izzard Cary Elwes Joanna Lumley Jennifer Tilly Ian Whitcomb Music by Cinematography Bruno Delbonnel Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Edward G. the celebration. .K. among those in attendance include Hearst's longtime companion and film actress Marion Davies. however. fellow actor Charlie Chaplin. Edward Herrmann.) June 4.

When he finally does. He overhears Davies tell Ince she never loved "him. in a huddle at the foot of a staircase leading to the boiler room. Also aware of what really happened is Parsons who. California are its owner. Hearst confronts Davies and Chaplin. and Louella Parsons. A stunned Davies later tells Hearst he misunderstood the conversation — the "him" that she never loved was actually Chaplin. He discovers Davies and Ince. Ince. starlet Margaret Livingston. belonged to William Randolph Hearst. having gotten up to investigate mysterious noises she heard." Mistaking the derby-clad Ince as Chaplin. and his mistress. Hearst suspects Davies and Chaplin have engaged in an affair. publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst. knows the truth. He assumes it was left there during a romantic liaison. the film critic for Hearst's New York American. and assures her he will make sure the truth does not reach the media. The film concludes with the guests leaving Tom Ince's funeral. Hearst searches the yacht for Chaplin in the middle of the night. Davies. Hearst is enraged. However there was no coverage in the press. it's fire that can hurt you. and in jealousy shoots Ince in the back of the head. Hearst arranges to dock in San Diego and have a waiting ambulance take the still-alive Ince to his home. is in the midst of preparing The Gold Rush. She assures Hearst his secret will be safe in exchange for a lifetime contract with the Hearst Corporation. Armed with a pistol. Hearst however challenges Chaplin to guarantee Davies that he can promise her a happy life. Welcome to Hollywood. and his mistress. History has been written in whispers. Chaplin. whose birthday is the reason for the weekend cruise. Ince's eponymous film studio is in dire financial straits. and confides in Chaplin. a mysterious death occurred within the Hollywood community. After all." Several of those participating in the weekend's festivities are at a crossroads in their lives and/or careers. When Chaplin fails to answer. no police action. Hearst informs Chaplin of the vow of silence he and the fellow guests have made to keep the weekend's activities a secret. during a weekend yacht party bound for San Diego. you see. as Elinor Glyn narrates what became of them: • Margaret Livingston went on to star in a number of successful films and her salary "inexplicably" went from $300 to $1000 a movie . and he hopes to convince Hearst to take him on as a partner in Cosmopolitan Pictures. English writer Elinor Glyn. Chaplin berates Hearst for what he has done and expects Davies to join him. silent film star Marion Davies. Davies longs to appear in a slapstick comedy rather than the somber costume dramas to which Hearst has kept her confined. who appeared in his film The Kid. After seeing Ince off. who has donned the derby Chaplin had been wearing earlier.The Cat's Meow 230 Plot It is November 15. Hearst naturally assumes the "him" refers to himself. a suspicion shared by Ince. Chaplin despairs as he feels the murder has rekindled Davies' love for Hearst. he discovers a discarded love letter to Davies and pockets it with plans to produce it at an opportune moment. and this is the whisper told most often. Only in a place like this do reporters and autograph hounds have absolutely no scruples about stampeding mourners at a funeral. and among those boarding the luxury yacht Oneida in San Pedro. In the wastepaper basket in Chaplin's stateroom. After we all leave the man in the box will disappear. a place just off the coast of planet Earth. The yacht. unaware she and several other guests had gathered there the night before to indulge in moonshine and marijuana. Elinor Glyn provides the narration: "In November 1924. Little evidence exists now or existed at the time to support any version of those events. who hopes to find proof he can present to Hearst in order to curry favor with him. still dealing with the critical and commercial failure of A Woman of Paris and rumors he has impregnated sixteen-year-old Lita Grey. had witnessed the shooting. To the rest of his guests he announces Ince's ulcer flared up during the night and he is in need of immediate medical attention. He phones the injured man's wife and tells her Ince attempted suicide when Livingston tried to end their affair. and his anger is fueled further by the discovery of Davies' brooch in Chaplin's cabin. Just his ashes will remain. 1924. Parsons would like to relocate from the East Coast to more glamorous Hollywood. not ashes. Charlie Chaplin. thus laying the groundwork for her lengthy career as one of Hollywood's most powerful gossip columnists. and of the fourteen passengers on board only one was ever questioned by authorities. of course.

but studio heads objected. more contemporary sound of the original version but finally was convinced by High to use the more accurate recording. . Composer Ian Whitcomb's score was augmented by original recordings that were popular during the period in which the film takes place." "Toot Toot Tootsie. Bogdanovich agreed to her request to have some silver and gold on the costumes when many of the pieces she found were trimmed with those colors. music supervisor Joel C.936 in the US." "I'm Just Wild About Harry. and "Wabash Blues" by Fletcher Henderson.) Bogdanovich wanted to shoot the film in black and white to capture the feel of the silent movie era.) To compensate. The director revealed he first heard the story of the weekend cruise and its consequences from Orson Welles thirty years before receiving the Steven Peros script. which was (as Chaplin predicted) a success. no two accounts of the story are the same. In addition. and the 2002 Mar del Plata Film Festival in Argentina before going into limited release in the US in April 2002. the director ordered costume designer Caroline de Vivaise to dress the cast in only black and white." "A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody. "Everybody Loves My Baby" and "Wild Cat Blues" by Clarence Williams. Louis Blues. Ian Whitcomb & His Bungalow Boys performed many tunes from the era. The film grossed $3." "Somebody Loves Me. resembling old newsreel footage. the 2001 MIFED Film Market in Italy. It was shown at the 2001 Flanders International Film Festival in Belgium. bookend the film." "St. (Black and white scenes of Ince's funeral. Here I Come" by Al Jolson." "If You Were the Only Girl in the World.176.The Cat's Meow • Marion Davies starred in more of Hearst's films before finally being allowed to feature in a comedy The Hollywood Revue of 1929. she resorted to shopping in secondhand stores for vintage clothing. Bogdanovich preferred the livelier. "the place just off the coast of the planet Earth"." and "Linger Awhile" by Paul Whiteman." "Say It With Music." and "California. among them "Ain't We Got Fun. and in Hollywood." and "Alice Blue Gown." "Rose of Washington Square. She stayed by Hearst's side until his death in 1951 • Charlie Chaplin married his teenage lover Lita Grey in Mexico and his film The Gold Rush was an overwhelming success • Louella Parsons worked for Hearst for many years and subsequently became one of the most successful writers in the history of American journalism Tom Ince was largely forgotten after the events of his death." "How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm (After They've Seen Paree)?. "Stumbling. With only a few weeks to prepare prior to the start of filming. (According to the HBO film RKO 281. These included "Avalon. no police action was taken. his screenwriting collaborator on Citizen Kane." "I'm Nobody's Baby. the 2002 International Film Festival Rotterdam. Very few newspapers reported it. 231 Production In an episode of the Sundance Channel series Anatomy of a Scene." After the film had been completed. High realised the version of "Charleston" heard in the birthday party scene was a jazz-tinged arrangement from the 1950s and had Ian Whitcomb & His Bungalow Boys record an authentic 1920s rendition to replace it. Welles was told the story by Herman Mankiewicz. The film premiered at the Locarno Film Festival in August 2001. Peter Bogdanovich and members of his cast and crew discussed the film. and of all the people on-board only one was ever questioned." "Margie.

. Dunst. is showstoppingly good. Mick LaSalle stated. This he does. freneticism and cuteness. Peter Travers observed. funny and unexpectedly touching. The suave camera movements never quite dispel the feeling that we are watching a filmed play... the teen queen of Bring It On and Crazy/Beautiful. Kirsten Dunst is a marvellous tease as Marion. "Elegant. Scott called the film "a modest. in her way. Director Peter Bogdanovich." [4] In Rolling Stone... "The unexpected charm of Bogdanovich's film is that he paints a social scenario worthy of Decline and Fall. shows his mastery in his work with the actors." [2] In the San Francisco Chronicle.. loaded with authentic and convincing details. "[She] gives her best performance to date amid a skilled older cast. "Bogdanovich takes a tale of old Hollywood and infuses it with velocity and enthusiasm. ignored and generally dissed of demographics: the grown-ups . A. Ince Joanna Lumley – Elinor Glyn Jennifer Tilly – Louella Parsons Claudia Harrison – Margaret Livingston Critical reception In his review in the New York Times.. simply seeks to tell a compelling story and to tell it well." [8] . We observe the events from a polite distance. Believable as both a spoiled ingenue and a lover to two very different men. if a bit sedately. as Dorothy Comingore in Citizen Kane in showing a woman who is more loyal and affectionate than her lover deserves. "The film is darkly atmospheric. finding humor. his intelligent handling of his ensemble cast and his graceful camera work mark this as a true return to form." [1] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said. His cast are comically hollow and effortlessly insincere . and delivers his best picture in years . making his first feature film in nine years. this whodunit about a murder aboard the yacht of William Randolph Hearst represents a bracing comeback for Peter Bogdanovich ." [7] Ann Hornaday of the Washington Post enthused. restrained picture. who knows his Hollywood history probably better than any other American director. The movie unwinds at an unhurried pace and scenes are allowed to play without a lot of jangly edits and jump-cuts. works from Steven Peros' amusing yet poignant script to tell the popular version of the legend in clever and entertaining fashion. Kevin Thomas stated. People talk to each other in complete sentences.. heart and surprising gravity in a character often dismissed as a gold digger. There is little to distinguish it visually from a made-for-cable historical drama. and Herrmann is hypnotic as the infatuated host who is richer than God.O. This is not a film that depends on jiggles. His deft use of a single location. Eddie Izzard is a manly Chaplin." [3] Derek Elley of Variety described the film as "playful and sporty" and said of Kirsten Dunst." [6] In the Los Angeles Times. gross-outs or special effects." [5] James Christopher of The Times said. who turn dusty Tinseltown lore into a spry and touching entertainment. "Peter Bogdanovich.. as small and satisfying as one of Woody Allen's better recent efforts. Dunst is as good. He avoids his twin demons. But Mr. "What a tonic to be treated to a movie for that most uncourted.The Cat's Meow 232 Cast • • • • • • • Edward Herrmann – William Randolph Hearst Kirsten Dunst – Marion Davies Eddie Izzard – Charlie Chaplin Cary Elwes – Thomas H. rather than being plunged into the swirl of decadent Jazz Age high life.. Dunst endows a potentially lightweight character with considerable depth and sympathy. Bogdanovich . with Herrmann quietly suggesting the sadness and obsession beneath Hearst's forced avuncular chortles.

calendarlive.0. com/ review/ VE1117798620. com/ cgi-bin/ article. sfgate. story) Washington Post review (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000025986apr12. rollingstone.com/title/tt0266391/) at the Internet Movie Database . cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2002/ 04/ 26/ DD134840. dll/ article?AID=/ 20020426/ REVIEWS/ 204260301/ 1023) San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948465/ review/ 5948466/ the_cats_meow) The Times review (http:/ / entertainment. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article438710. nytimes. suntimes.6507559. variety. com/ 2002/ 04/ 12/ movies/ 12MEOW.imdb. html) Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. ece) Los Angeles Times review (http:/ / www. timesonline. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. com/ ac2/ wp-dyn/ A24608-2002May2) External links • The Cat's Meow (http://www.The Cat's Meow 233 Awards and nominations Kirsten Dunst was named Best Actress at the Mar del Plata Film Festival. DTL) Variety review (http:/ / www. co. References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] New York Times review (http:/ / www.

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D6. Shsilver. Skymasterson. Tenar80. Sreejithk2000. Lugnuts. Rotkraut. TubularWorld. Engines On. Postdlf. Lugnuts.org/w/index.org/w/index. 7 anonymous edits The Fatal Mallet  Source: http://en. Wool Mintons.org/w/index. Rizzleboffin. Dblk. 4 anonymous edits A Busy Day  Source: http://en. Ted Wilkes. 8 anonymous edits Gentlemen of Nerve  Source: http://en. Dblk. Rizzleboffin.php?oldid=406974112  Contributors: B3t.org/w/index. Billy Hathorn. Lugnuts. SimonP.wikipedia. DeansFA. Cayla. Dblk. Sarz.org/w/index.wikipedia. Gamaliel. Héctor Guido Calvo.org/w/index.wikipedia. Sreejithk2000. Treybien Tango Tangles  Source: http://en. CodeGeneratR.wikipedia. Dblk.org/w/index. Lugnuts. Skier Dude. WereSpielChequers. Lugnuts. Lugnuts. Héctor Guido Calvo. Storyliner. Skier Dude.php?oldid=416008252  Contributors: Dblk.wikipedia. Skymasterson.org/w/index. Ermanon. Mangostar. Nice poa. Dejashran. WereSpielChequers. Koavf. Dblk. Esn. Theme97. 3 anonymous edits His Favourite Pastime  Source: http://en. 1 anonymous edits His Musical Career  Source: http://en. Irishguy. Esn. Mangostar. Skier Dude. Storyliner. Debresser. Selbymayfair.php?oldid=406753027  Contributors: Ary29. Debresser. Mangostar. Treybien. Erik9. Mangostar. Tatufan. Lugnuts. Poinn. Mnemotechnicien. Dblk. Boleyn3. Ermanon.org/w/index. Rizzleboffin. Erik9. Misza13. Ary29. RWardy. Nice poa. Skier Dude. Tenar80. Dblk. Héctor Guido Calvo. Frank. Treehill. Erik9. Skymasterson. 1 anonymous edits Mabel at the Wheel  Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Robsinden. Nice poa. Héctor Guido Calvo. Rich Farmbrough. Caerwine. Tenar80. Skier Dude. Tenar80. 3 anonymous edits Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film)  Source: http://en. Frenchcat. Storyliner.php?oldid=395719955  Contributors: Bensin. Mangostar. JCarriker. Treybien.wikipedia. Storyliner. Paul August. Lugnuts. Wool Mintons. Pinkadelica. 2 anonymous edits Mabel's Married Life  Source: http://en. Debresser. 5 anonymous edits Mabel's Busy Day  Source: http://en. Mangostar. Skier Dude. Debresser. Lugnuts.org/w/index. Mangostar. Pegship. Sarz. Segaba. Irishguy. DIEGO RICARDO PEREIRA.wikipedia. Treybien. Treybien. Lugnuts. Dblk. Mhowkins. 3 anonymous edits Dough and Dynamite  Source: http://en. SimonP. 1 anonymous edits The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film)  Source: http://en. Treybien. Ted Wilkes. Lugnuts. Peppage. Dblk. Tenar80 The New Janitor  Source: http://en. Skier Dude. MrDrew508. Dutzi. 8 anonymous edits Caught in a Cabaret  Source: http://en.wikipedia. Sreejithk2000.org/w/index. Koyaanis Qatsi. WereSpielChequers. DeansFA.Gaya. TexasAndroid.wikipedia. Mangostar. Treybien. Ron whisky. Grutness. Lugnuts. 1 anonymous edits Laughing Gas (1914 film)  Source: http://en. Mike Halterman. Nice poa. JillandJack.

wikipedia. Ermanon. Debresser. Vegan4Life. RMHED. Treybien. Pittsburgh Poet. Kchishol1970. Iridescent. Betty Kerner. Pegship. Lostkiwi. Tenar80. Rizzleboffin. Neil916. Nehrams2020. Sreejithk2000. Jhsounds. Esn. Treybien. Ednasworld. Skier Dude.org/w/index. Wool Mintons. Lugnuts. Thephotoplayer. Dekkappai. 7 anonymous edits The Floorwalker  Source: http://en. Héctor Guido Calvo. Mani1. Rizzleboffin. Thephotoplayer. ShelfSkewed. Treybien.php?oldid=412865065  Contributors: Andrzejbanas.org/w/index. Sreejithk2000.php?oldid=395729484  Contributors: Dblk. KConWiki. Ermanon. Skier Dude. Cayla. M96hardh. Lugnuts. ShelfSkewed. The Wild West guy. 6 anonymous edits Triple Trouble (1918 film)  Source: http://en. SimonP. RMHED. Thephotoplayer. Joekoz451. Lugnuts. Cayla. 7 anonymous edits The Fireman (film)  Source: http://en.php?oldid=421012642  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Thephotoplayer. Dblk. Lee M. Treybien. Ermanon. Esn. Quale. Paul-L. Dominicbillings. Esn. Kerowyn. Lugnuts. Blofeld. Ermanon. Dblk. Cbrown1023. 5 anonymous edits By the Sea (1915 film)  Source: http://en. Okki. Sreejithk2000. Ermanon. RMHED. Tfraymond. Dekkappai. Nae'blis. Tenar80. SteveLamacq43. Watershipper. Viriditas. Skier Dude. Rich Farmbrough.p. FLORENCE DEVOUARD ARRESTED FOR CHILD MOLESTATION. Dblk.org/w/index. Peter Weis. Mangostar.wikipedia. RMHED. Lugnuts.org/w/index. Pjoef.wikipedia. Sarz. DMorgan. Nice poa. Pegship. Lugnuts. H2g2bob. Sreejithk2000. Nice poa. Jlittlet. Eat-the-kids.wikipedia. DeansFA. Rutke421. SimonP. Chowbok. Nehrams2020. Haus. Dekkappai. Samyooel25. Rhyddfrydol.org/w/index. Fram. Thou shalt not have any gods before Willy on Wheels. Tenar80.wikipedia. The wub. Ermanon. Skier Dude. Stimpy9337. H Bruthzoo. Skier Dude. Naniwako. RMHED. Qdiderot.php?oldid=400669091  Contributors: Andrzejbanas.wikipedia. Everyking. Sreejithk2000. Pinkadelica. Sectryan. Schmiteye.org/w/index. Skier Dude. Raymondwinn.org/w/index. Tenar80. Dblk. Skier Dude. Starcheerspeaksnewslostwars. Stephencdickson.org/w/index. Thehardwareman. Girolamo Savonarola. Koyaanis Qatsi. Hanter. SimonP. Ednasworld. 3 anonymous edits Behind the Screen  Source: http://en. Rizzleboffin. Mangostar. 6 anonymous edits Work (1915 film)  Source: http://en. RMHED. Pedant. Lugnuts. Debresser.org/w/index. Ednasworld. Dblk. Lugnuts. Tabletop. Bensin. Pjoef. Ermanon.wikipedia. Erik9. Netts. Lightmouse. Colin4C. Vidor. Ted Wilkes. Mushii. BlooWilt. Cop 663. Cop 663. 4 anonymous edits A Woman  Source: http://en. Caerwine. SimonP. Nae'blis. ScottyBerg. Dblk. Rotkraut. DeansFA. Quarl. Lugnuts. Hqb. Rizzleboffin. Rikipedia J. Dekkappai. Thephotoplayer. Куллер.php?oldid=410402575  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Debresser. Debresser. Ednasworld. Treybien.php?oldid=411356307  Contributors: After Midnight. Mangostar. Rikipedia J.php?oldid=402094689  Contributors: Dblk. Rikipedia J.php?oldid=410796149  Contributors: After Midnight. Skier Dude. After Midnight. Dekkappai. DeansFA. Rich Farmbrough. Netts.org/w/index. Dblk. Ednasworld.org/w/index. Cbrown1023.php?oldid=394365578  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. After Midnight. Dekkappai.php?oldid=362172211  Contributors: Bensin. Ednasworld. DeansFA. WereSpielChequers. Magioladitis. DocWatson42. Skier Dude. Dlukenelson. AnonMoos. Ermanon. Schmiteye.php?oldid=362170215  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Sreejithk2000. Thephotoplayer. DeansFA. Wool Mintons. Skier Dude. Goustien. 6 anonymous edits The Vagabond (film)  Source: http://en. DeansFA.org/w/index. Rizzleboffin.org/w/index. Erik9. Skier Dude. Ida Shaw. Treybien. 6 anonymous edits Burlesque on Carmen  Source: http://en.wikipedia. DutchDevil. Lugnuts. Stephencdickson. Skier Dude. Zoe. Ednasworld. Dekkappai. Dblk. MakeRocketGoNow. DMorgan.wikipedia. Winhunter.wikipedia. VincentXP38. Rich Farmbrough. Nice poa. Dblk. DeansFA. Inanechild. Ermanon. DeansFA. 6 anonymous edits Police (1916 film)  Source: http://en. Rizzleboffin. 5 anonymous edits The Immigrant  Source: http://en. SqueakBox. MakeRocketGoNow. Neelix. JLaTondre.org/w/index. BlueAzure. Dekkappai. WOSlinker. Skier Dude. Debresser. Hanter. Sreejithk2000. Ermanon.php?oldid=395734626  Contributors: 23skidoo. SimonP. Sreejithk2000. Fourthords. Charlie Rrose Selavy. Sverdrup. Hadrianheugh. Pegship. 17 anonymous edits The Adventurer (film)  Source: http://en.  Source: http://en. Old Moonraker. Skier Dude. Sreejithk2000.php?oldid=416674465  Contributors: Cbrown1023. Erik9. Hanter. Netts. Ssilvers. Hanter. Netts. Caspian blue. Lugnuts. ShelfSkewed. SimonP. Pjoef.org/w/index. Dblk. Stangoldsmith. Xmilanz. Andy Bugay. Dekkappai. Mangostar. Violetriga. MakeRocketGoNow. Treybien. Localzuk. Mangostar. 6 anonymous edits The Bank (1915 film)  Source: http://en. Tenar80. Lugnuts. Tenar80. SimonP. Rizzleboffin.org/w/index.php?oldid=373111969  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. MakeRocketGoNow. MakeRocketGoNow. Rizzleboffin. Lugnuts.wikipedia. Cleduc. Gene Nygaard. Erik. Thephotoplayer.wikipedia. Netts. Wool Mintons. Treybien. Dekkappai. Sreejithk2000. 7 anonymous edits Shanghaied (1915 film)  Source: http://en. Dekkappai. Dblk. Skier Dude. Dekkappai. Lugnuts. Lugnuts. Hanter. Lugnuts. 6 anonymous edits The Rink (film)  Source: http://en. Rich Farmbrough. Esn. Whpq. Skier Dude. Treybien. Dekkappai. CDN99. Sreejithk2000. Tinith. Chris the speller. Dekkappai. Hanter. Treybien. Ted Wilkes. TheMadBaron.php?oldid=382648196  Contributors: B3t. Kchishol1970. Dblk. 5 anonymous edits A Night Out (film)  Source: http://en. YUL89YYZ. Tiyoringo.wikipedia. Dblk.php?oldid=418815004  Contributors: Antandrus. Cypherpunk. Muks.org/w/index. Jpiw. Treybien. SimonP. DeansFA. Difu Wu. Rybak. Dr. Vidor. Netts. Skier Dude. Dekkappai.php?oldid=421291421  Contributors: Andrzejbanas.php?oldid=390211180  Contributors: Bensin. Wool Mintons. Treybien. Prolog. DeansFA. Treybien. Salimi. Kerowyn.php?oldid=417625166  Contributors: After Midnight.wikipedia. Ednasworld. Bensin. Mandarax.wikipedia. Eat-the-kids.wikipedia. Skier Dude. Tenar80. RMHED. Rizzleboffin. Tiyoringo. DeansFA. Skier Dude. Ednasworld. Pinikadia. Lugnuts. Lugnuts. Grunge6910. 2 anonymous edits A Night in the Show  Source: http://en. Mangostar.org/w/index.org/w/index.php?oldid=421475411  Contributors: After Midnight. SteinbDJ. Andrzejbanas. Ted Wilkes.wikipedia. GregorB. Bovineboy2008.org/w/index. SimonP. Dblk. Skier Dude.M. Lugnuts.php?oldid=390850549  Contributors: Dblk. Rizzleboffin. Fjbfour. Donaldd23. RMHED. Ednasworld. Sreejithk2000. Rikipedia J. DeansFA. Branddobbe. Wool Mintons. Dblk. Ted Wilkes. Lugnuts. Eubulides.php?oldid=412705298  Contributors: After Midnight. Tjmayerinsf. Gamaliel. Héctor Guido Calvo. Skier Dude. Esn. Lugnuts. Ted Wilkes. Kedar63. Héctor Guido Calvo.wikipedia. 7 anonymous edits Easy Street (film)  Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Bensin. Lugnuts. Rizzleboffin. MER-C. Supernumerary. Thephotoplayer. Nice poa.org/w/index.wikipedia. D6. Ednasworld. Mangostar. Supernumerary. Héctor Guido Calvo. Treybien. Delirium. Dblk. Mangostar. Scimitar. Ludde23. Bluemask. Rich Farmbrough. Sverigekillen. Sreejithk2000. 3 anonymous edits One A. MarkGallagher. Light current. Treybien. DeansFA. Ermanon.php?oldid=410602095  Contributors: Andrzejbanas.wikipedia. Eubulides.wikipedia. 9 anonymous edits The Pawnshop  Source: http://en. Mdarnaud. DeansFA. Lugnuts.wikipedia. The taylor. Thephotoplayer. Geopool. Wang. Bensin. Kingboyk. DeansFA. Pinkadelica. Pearle. SimonP.org/w/index. Saga City. Jfingers88. Dblk. Rotkraut. Ednasworld. Tenar80. Treybien. Ednasworld. Héctor Guido Calvo. Tony1.php?oldid=390847572  Contributors: Aelfthrytha. Andrzejbanas.wikipedia. Ermanon. Bensin. Mangostar. Skier Dude. Skier Dude. Andrzejbanas. 6 anonymous edits In the Park  Source: http://en. Bensin. DeansFA. Ermanon. Hanter. Hanter. Lugnuts. Nehrams2020. Mangostar. 12 anonymous edits The Cure (1917 film)  Source: http://en. Thephotoplayer. Bob Castle. Edcolins. 6 anonymous edits The Champion (1915 film)  Source: http://en. SimonP. Gamaliel. Ser Amantio di Nicolao. Vidor. Dekkappai. Nice poa. TobbieCat. Ednasworld. MakeRocketGoNow. Dekkappai.wikipedia. Dblk. Treybien. Sreejithk2000. Treybien. Dblk. Nehrams2020. DeansFA. Fitch. Dekkappai. Hanter. Colin4C.org/w/index.org/w/index. 5 anonymous edits The Tramp (film)  Source: http://en.wikipedia. Danny. Lugnuts. DeansFA. Dr. Esn. Dlukenelson. Thephotoplayer. Snailwalker. Skier Dude. Koavf. Kchishol1970. Shsilver. Ted Wilkes.php?oldid=395734405  Contributors: After Midnight. Vidor.wikipedia.org/w/index. Nono64. Debresser. Dblk. Debresser. Djinn112.php?oldid=415791697  Contributors: Andy M. DeansFA. Blofeld. Lugnuts. DeansFA. Treybien.Article Sources and Contributors His Prehistoric Past  Source: http://en. Rikipedia J. Grenavitar. Dblk. Thephotoplayer. Netts. Dblk. Propaniac. Andrzejbanas.php?oldid=421203087  Contributors: AdamBMorgan. After Midnight. Timc. Madchester. Bensin. DeansFA. Nice poa. Snek01.wikipedia. Sreejithk2000. Trezjr. Debresser. Tenar80. TAnthony. Mangostar. 7 anonymous edits 236 . Madchester. Pegship. RMHED.php?oldid=407693164  Contributors: 23skidoo. Dekkappai. Caerwine. DeansFA. 2 anonymous edits A Jitney Elopement  Source: http://en. JFBridge. Ednasworld. Esn. 3 anonymous edits His New Job  Source: http://en. Skier Dude. MakeRocketGoNow. Dekkappai. Deyyaz. Rizzleboffin.org/w/index. Ahoerstemeier.org/w/index. Skier Dude. 1 anonymous edits The Count (film)  Source: http://en. Dblk. Tenar80. Mangostar. Skier Dude. Sevela. Pepper. Dblk. Ednasworld. D6.org/w/index. Thricecube. Ednasworld. Kbdank71. Lugnuts. DeansFA. Ednasworld. Gaius Cornelius.wikipedia.

Ecoleetage. Denirogator. Pearly dew drops. Drunkenpeter99. Austinian. 129 anonymous edits The Circus (film)  Source: http://en. Paul Barlow. Sam Bailey. Gilliam. SteveLamacq43. Coltenstokes. Doctormatt.5. Drpickem. Rizzleboffin. Daibhid C. Delldot. Cornellrockey. BBCOFFEECAT. Dblk.php?oldid=419601220  Contributors: 10qwerty. Brianga. Anonymous from the 21st century. Betty Logan. Pearle. Tony Sandel. JoeSmack. WOSlinker. Erik. 11 anonymous edits Sunnyside (film)  Source: http://en. Man of wealth and taste. Flowersofnight. Bobet. Parkwells. Ednasworld. D6. Rizzleboffin. Ednasworld. Williamnilly. Calvero2. Héctor Guido Calvo. Lee M. Andrzejbanas. Stefanomione. Jaxpac. Adraeus. NorthernThunder. Adraeus. JFBridge.org/w/index. Tentontunic. Tfraymond. Bjf. Who. Sverdrup. Rich Farmbrough. 23skidoo. Treybien. DBaba. Bensin. 13 anonymous edits City Lights  Source: http://en. Jack Sebastian. KNHaw. Haroldman. Malleus Fatuorum. Adib86. Ground Zero. RekonDog. Funkandblowfish. Dandrake. Henrypenn1. Sreejithk2000. Rfc1394. DarthBinky. Kasper2006. Kouroineko. Fallout boy. Murtasa. America jones. DocWatson42. Zoe. JGKlein. Hanter. Treybien. JEN9841. Héctor Guido Calvo. Aeonite. Er Komandante. Tlmclain. TheUrbanLegend. Ednasworld. Madchester. BozMo. Alsandro. Coltenstokes. Nehrams2020. Cj1340. Hadal.wikipedia. Ecthelion83. Skier Dude. M samadi.wikipedia. Skier Dude. David Gerard.wikipedia. Ermanon. Bobo92. Adodge. Jzummak.Z-man. Bitbut. CKozeluh. SimonP.wikipedia. Oanabay04. Shanes. CRKingston. Gazpacho. Pearle. Maher27777. Rossrs. Александър. RCBarrows. Kbdank71.0. Nautilus43.wikipedia. ShelfSkewed. Adraeus. Sreejithk2000. Jayunderscorezero. Bryan Derksen. Zoe. Fheirtzler. Welsh. Treybien. Snevern. Jimknut. Lugnuts. Dudeman5685. Dekkappai. JukoFF. Yinzland. Calvero2. JillandJack. Jean-Frédéric. Kosmopolis. Nehrams2020. Dblk. Madchester. DeansFA. Bensin. Ermanon. Babək Akifoğlu. Sverdrup. C. Pcb21. DH85868993. Philip Cross. Ednasworld. Treybien. Skier Dude. Grammarmonger. Altenmann. Lemming. DagosNavy. Xezbeth. MachoCarioca. Treybien. DeansFA. Rrburke. Estrose. DeansFA. Gregfitzy. Bwithh. CJCurrie. Rojypala. Wang. Morning star. Sverdrup. Guanxi. Manurox. Estrose. Esn. Giovannii84. Exabyte. ObsessiveJoBroDisorder. Erik. Elonka. Paul Martin. Mattbr. Haon 2. Wildhartlivie. EamonnPKeane. Cop 663. Sd2. Lockley. Betty Logan. Mrsanitazier. Dpbsmith. Sverdrup. Meol.C. SimonP. DOSGuy. Dr. Skier Dude. Pm5. Murph24. Trivialist. Gabbe. Samarojr. Mrs Wibble-Wobble. NorthernThunder. Koyaanis Qatsi. Kingfish. Bhugh. Amccaf1. Anonymous from the 21th century. PhilipC. The 237 . Christopherlin. LordRobert. Erik. IZAK. Anville. Rizzleboffin. Tjmayerinsf. Kuralyov. Harbee. PJtP. Koyaanis Qatsi.xx. Jason Palpatine. Hagrinas. 16 anonymous edits The Gold Rush  Source: http://en. Zoe. Flyguy649. DeansFA. Supernumerary. JayJasper. Siasgroth. Tabletop. Steve. Sreejithk2000. Hut 8. Myanw. Sugar Bear. M samadi. Netts. Serpentnight. Tenar80. Skier Dude. Esn. WendyLauren. Lawikitejana. MrMackey. Coltenstokes. Eric Shalov. JRM.org/w/index. Enviroboy. Andrzejbanas. SmartGuy. Sophysduckling. Mhowkins. Kalmbach. Skier Dude.org/w/index. Elris. Netts. Wiki Raja. Iridescent. D6. Walloon. EJF. Guy Peters. Koplimek. Madchester. Skier Dude. Héctor Guido Calvo.wikipedia. ScottyBerg. JackHearne. Hiplibrarianship. Misitopui. Sugar Bear. Skier Dude. Bassbonerocks. Esn. RandomP. Uglinessman. Sailko. Ednasworld. Lombroso. NeoNerd. Philip Trueman. Kriegman. Pfc432. Cst17. Jumbuck. Edeans. Heroville. Mfryc. Japanese Searobin. Wiher. Jojhutton. Orphan Wiki.kt. Sectryan. Anonymous from the 21th century. Ed Fitzgerald. Gareth E Kegg. Xezbeth. John. Bgrin. Lugnuts. Treybien. J 1982.Vibrato.wikipedia. Johnc69. Netts. Mr. GoingBatty. The Famous Movie Director.xx. 7 anonymous edits A Day's Pleasure  Source: http://en. Cbrown1023. Dha22.Z-man. Marktreut. Greg the White Falcon. Plasticspork. GregorB.com. Robber93. MarnetteD. Skier Dude. Harryboyles. Silverscale. Bovineboy2008. Mangostar. Kchishol1970. Lugnuts. LordRobert. JBK405. Estrose. Netts. 15 anonymous edits The Bond  Source: http://en. Pegship. Everyking. Rich Farmbrough. Emperorbma. Jonathan Gr. Fluffernutter. ONEder Boy. Girolamo Savonarola. Volland. Tenar80.php?oldid=413483762  Contributors: Cooksey. TGoodman. CattleGirl. M. Sean D Martin. Powrman. Treybien. Liftarn. Wiki alf. Ineuw. Cburnett. Wikiwatcher1. Difu Wu. Rizzleboffin.org/w/index. WereWolf. Paul-L. Héctor Guido Calvo. Echtner.org/w/index. Chochopk. Mav. Thumperward. G720. Ganfon. Derbeobachter. Murgh. Viriditas. Lugnuts.php?oldid=406565431  Contributors: Amsmythe. Irishguy. Everyking. GeeJo. Mdumas43073. Eddie. Greg Grahame. Sonjaaa. Greg Grahame. Nandesuka. Mentifisto. Gamaliel. Mallanox. Xideum. ZeroJanvier. Cmdrjameson.p. LilHelpa. Xlxfjh. Hutcher. Edwardito. Johnc69.php?oldid=414124838  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Stilgar135. Buaidh.willers. JDoorjam. Dylan620.php?oldid=420795440  Contributors: Abie the Fish Peddler. 7 anonymous edits The Kid (1921 film)  Source: http://en. JNW. Anville. Gamaliel. Alientraveller.wikipedia. Tfraymond. Clarityfiend. J6rm. Wool Mintons. Haham hanuka. Psychonaut. Ted Wilkes. Sreejithk2000. JohnG62. Tamino. Snoyes. Davecrosby uk. GusF. Treybien. Arataman 79. Squandermania. Fredrik. Kntrabssi. Binksternet. Gurch. Plasticspork. Dimadick. Cypherpunk. Calvero2. Madchester. Man of wealth and taste. Mikethekinslayer. Kchishol1970. SISLEY. 72 anonymous edits The Idle Class  Source: http://en. Dangling Conversation. Sreejithk2000. Bobo The Ninja. MikeAllen. Lee M. Hanter. ShelfSkewed. Paul-L. Skier Dude. Tony1. Twelveoaks. Erik. Anton Mravcek. Michael Kinyon. Cmdrjameson. Palefire. Coltenstokes. Echtner. Lyght. Mahahahaneapneap. Netts. SimonP. Salamurai. Mrshaver. Sreejithk2000.wikipedia. Attilios. Arataman 79. Hanter. Mschneblin. Wyngarde. Kusma. Kerowyn. InformationTimes. JackalsIII. Karenjc. AdultSwim. Richard Weil. Koavf. Wrc60. Sesesq. Boing! said Zebedee. BD2412. Koyaanis Qatsi. Dunee. Dlabtot. DeansFA. Dirkbb. Bovineboy2008. Andy M. Lugnuts. Fallout boy. 2 anonymous edits Shoulder Arms  Source: http://en. Squiddy. TonyW. PhantomS. Andrzejbanas. Farosdaughter. Siasgroth. Jzummak. Laoloup. Uqah. Vanished user 39948282. JzG. MarnetteD. LordRobert. Kiem tra. Clarityfiend. Who. DeansFA. Dumrovii. Binksternet. Bibliomaniac15. ShelfSkewed. Chris 73. Wideangle. Ricky81682.Article Sources and Contributors A Dog's Life  Source: http://en. Ggonnell. Thegingerone. Ted Wilkes. Dputig07. AlbertSM. Ryan Postlethwaite. Church of emacs. Johnc69. Wool Mintons. Estrose. Timc. Wiher. Notbrendon. Veinor. Ted Wilkes. PaulVIF. Chrisch.php?oldid=420284519  Contributors: ACSE. Skymasterson. Nixdorf. Rydia. David Gerard. Vargenau. Moozipan Cheese. Brown Shoes. Carl Logan. Blofeld. Kelisi. Paul-L. KConWiki. DeansFA. Tjmayerinsf. Reuben. Koppapa. Michael Creston. Midnightblueowl. Koyaanis Qatsi. 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