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actor, ﬁlm director and composer of the silent ﬁlm era. He became one of the best-known ﬁlm stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his ﬁlms decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he ﬁrst played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his ﬁlms, by 1916 he was also producing them, and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Grifﬁth, he co-founded United Artists in 1919. Chaplin was one of the most creative and inﬂuential personalities of the silent-ﬁlm era. He was inﬂuenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his ﬁlms. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer, until close to his death at the age of 88. His high-proﬁle public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin’s identiﬁcation with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time. This book is your ultimate resource for Charlie Chaplin. Here you will ﬁnd the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Charlie Chaplin ﬁlmography, Kid Auto Races at Venice, Mabel’s Strange Predicament, Between Showers, A Film Johnnie, Tango Tangles, His Favourite Pastime, Cruel, Cruel Love, The Star Boarder, Mabel at the Wheel, Twenty Minutes of Love, Caught in a Cabaret, Caught in the Rain, A Busy Day, The Fatal Mallet, Her Friend the Bandit, The Knockout, Mabel’s Busy Day, Mabel’s Married Life, Laughing Gas (1914 ﬁlm), The Property Man, The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 ﬁlm), Recreation (ﬁlm), The Masquerader, His New Profession, The Rounders (1914 ﬁlm), The New Janitor, Those Love Pangs, Dough and Dynamite, Gentlemen of Nerve, His Musical Career, His Trysting Place, Tillie’s Punctured Romance (1914 ﬁlm), Getting Acquainted, His Prehistoric Past, His New Job, A Night Out (ﬁlm), The Champion (1915 ﬁlm), In the Park, A Jitney Elopement, The Tramp (ﬁlm), By the Sea (1915 ﬁlm), Work (1915 ﬁlm), A Woman, The Bank (1915 ﬁlm), Shanghaied (1915 ﬁlm), A Night in the Show, Burlesque on Carmen, Police (1916 ﬁlm), Triple Trouble (1918 ﬁlm), The Floorwalker, The Fireman (ﬁlm), The Vagabond (ﬁlm), One A.M., The Count (ﬁlm), The Pawnshop, Behind the Screen, The Rink (ﬁlm), Easy Street (ﬁlm), The Cure (1917 ﬁlm), The Immigrant, The Adventurer (ﬁlm), A Dog’s Life, The Chaplin Revue, The Bond, Shoulder Arms, Sunnyside (ﬁlm), A Day’s Pleasure, The Kid (1921 ﬁlm), The Idle Class, Pay Day (1922 ﬁlm), The Pilgrim (ﬁlm), City Lights, A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus (ﬁlm), Modern Times (ﬁlm), The Great Dictator, Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight (ﬁlm), A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong, The Professor (ﬁlm), A Woman of the Sea, The Freak, His Regeneration, The Tramp, Souls for Sale, Show People, Felix in Hollywood, Chaplin (ﬁlm), The Cat’s Meow Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Everything you need to know about Charlie Chaplin
Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.
Charlie Chaplin filmography Charlie Chaplin Kid Auto Races at Venice Mabel's Strange Predicament Between Showers A Film Johnnie Tango Tangles His Favourite Pastime Cruel, Cruel Love The Star Boarder Mabel at the Wheel Twenty Minutes of Love Caught in a Cabaret Caught in the Rain A Busy Day The Fatal Mallet Her Friend the Bandit The Knockout Mabel's Busy Day Mabel's Married Life Laughing Gas (1914 film) The Property Man The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) Recreation (film) The Masquerader His New Profession The Rounders (1914 film) The New Janitor Those Love Pangs Dough and Dynamite Gentlemen of Nerve His Musical Career His Trysting Place Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 1 11 31 33 35 37 38 40 41 43 44 46 47 49 50 51 53 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 67 69 71 73 75 76 78 80 82 84
Getting Acquainted His Prehistoric Past His New Job A Night Out (film) The Champion (1915 film) In the Park A Jitney Elopement The Tramp (film) By the Sea (1915 film) Work (1915 film) A Woman The Bank (1915 film) Shanghaied (1915 film) A Night in the Show Burlesque on Carmen Police (1916 film) Triple Trouble (1918 film) The Floorwalker The Fireman (film) The Vagabond (film) One A.M. The Count (film) The Pawnshop Behind the Screen The Rink (film) Easy Street (film) The Cure (1917 film) The Immigrant The Adventurer (film) A Dog's Life The Chaplin Revue The Bond Shoulder Arms Sunnyside (film) A Day's Pleasure The Kid (1921 film) The Idle Class Pay Day (1922 film) 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101 103 105 107 109 111 113 115 117 119 123 125 127 129 131 133 135 138 140 142 144 147 149 151 155 157 159 161 163 166 168 .
Licenses and Contributors 234 239 Article Licenses License 241 .The Pilgrim (film) City Lights A Woman of Paris The Gold Rush The Circus (film) Modern Times (film) The Great Dictator Monsieur Verdoux Limelight (film) A King in New York A Countess from Hong Kong The Professor (film) A Woman of the Sea The Freak His Regeneration The Tramp Souls for Sale Show People Felix in Hollywood Chaplin (film) The Cat's Meow 170 172 177 180 184 188 192 201 203 206 208 211 212 213 214 215 218 221 224 225 229 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources.
 Chaplin eventually settled in Switzerland. At the first Academy Awards ceremony. and The Great Dictator (1940). The filmography consisted of 80 motion pictures released since 1914. and had not been eligible for Academy Award consideration before then. Aside from A Countess From Hong Kong. which features Chaplin in an unbilled cameo appearance.  Chaplin was born in London and began acting on stage at the age of nine. although they were made with soundtracks consisting of music and sound effects. although many were re-issued with soundtracks. and acting in The Circus (1928). with talking sequences in the latter film. all of Chaplin's films were photographed in . he won an honorary award for writing. Although 20 years old by this time. comedian. which he denied. Also selected was Show People (1928). In 1913. Griffith. The Gold Rush (1925). musician and music composer whose work in motion pictures spanned from 1914 until 1967. while on tour in the United States with Fred Karno's comedy group. 1929. Chaplin's last five films were all talking pictures. he accepted a contract to work for Mack Sennett's Keystone film company. Limelight. initially releasing them through First National Charlie Chaplin in his "Tramp" persona and then through United Artists. Chaplin has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Modern Times (1936). Further detail was added to it in David Robinson's 1985 biography. W. his American re-entry permit was rescinded. directing. In 2010. My Autobiography. City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) were essentially silent films. while travelling to England in 1952 to attend the premiere of his film. five of the films Chaplin starred in have been added to the National Film Registry: The Immigrant (1917). where he remained for the rest of his life. The following year Chaplin's score for Limelight received the Academy Award for Best Music. director.Charlie Chaplin filmography 1 Charlie Chaplin filmography Charlie Chaplin was a British film actor. A Countess from Hong Kong (1967). as the 81st entry. During his early years in film he became established as a worldwide cinematic idol renowned for his tramp persona. During his lifetime Chaplin received three awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Limelight had not been released in the Los Angeles area until 1972. Douglas Fairbanks. held on May 16. Chaplin: His Life and Art.  In 1972 he returned to the United States after nearly two decades to receive another honorary award. producer. a corporation he co-founded with  Mary Pickford. this time for his overall achievements in cinema. which included Chaplin's last film. For his work in motion pictures. During the 1910s and 1920s he was considered the most famous person on the planet. He made his last two films in England. producing. writer. an 82nd film was added with the discovery of A Thief Catcher. an early Keystone film hitherto thought lost. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Chaplin was accused of being a Communist sympathizer. Chaplin signed with the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company in 1915 and the year after with the Mutual Film Corporation. During his time at Keystone he began writing and directing some of the films in which he starred. Official films In 1965 Chaplin established his official filmography with the publication of his book. He remained a British subject and. In 1918 Chaplin began producing his own films. Chaplin also received Academy Award nominations in 1940 for Best Actor and Best Original Screenplay for The Great Dictator and in 1947 for his screenplay of Monsieur Verdoux. All of Chaplin's films up to and including The Circus (1928) were silent. As of 2009. and D. City Lights (1931).
and The Films of Charlie Chaplin (1965) by Gerald D. character names.Charlie Chaplin filmography 35mm black and white. 1914 April 27. and annotations presented here are derived from Chaplin's autobiography. 1914 June 1. Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director February 2. 1914 March 16. 1914 June 4. 1914 March 9. 2 Keystone Chaplin appeared in 36 films for Keystone Studios. 1914 February 28. 1914 May 4. Robinson's book. Except where noted all films were one reel in length.e. 1914 Mabel's Busy Day Referee Tipsy Nuisance . The only known Chaplin lost film. Co-director: Mabel Normand Two reels Released on a split-reel with an educational short. 1914 February 7. 1914 February 19. Cruel Love The Star Boarder Mabel at the Wheel Twenty Minutes of Love Caught in a Cabaret Caught in the Rain A Busy Day The Fatal Mallet Her Friend the Bandit Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Slicker Tramp Released on a split-reel (i. 1914 March 2. 1914 April 20. 1914 April 18. 1914 Making a Living Kid Auto Races at Venice Mabel's Strange Predicament A Thief Catcher Between Showers A Film Johnnie Tango Tangles His Favorite Pastime Cruel. 1914 April 4. all produced by Mack Sennett. 1914 March 26. two films on one reel) with an education film. The Morning Papers Two reels Co-writer: Mabel Normand Two reels  Print discovered in 2010 June 11. 1914 The Knockout June 13. 1914 February 9. Olives and Trees Role Notes Tramp A Policeman Masher The Film Johnnie Tipsy Dancer Drinker Lord Helpus The Star boarder Villain Pickpocket Waiter Tipsy Hotel Guest Wife Suitor Bandit  A lost film. Except where otherwise referenced. the release dates. 1914 May 7. and Mark Ricci. Michael Conway. McDonald.
1914 August 27. Robbins. 1914 October 26. all produced by Jesse T. The Yosemite Co-writer: Mabel Normand 3 November 14. Except where noted all films are two-reelers. directed. 1914 October 29. 1914 November 9. 1914 Getting Acquainted His Prehistoric Past Essanay Chaplin wrote. 1914 December 7. 1914 September 14. Tillie's Punctured 1914 Romance December 5. and starred in 15 films for the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company. a City Slicker Yes Yes Yes Yes Spouse Weakchin Two reels Two reels Six reels From the play. 1914 August 10. Baldwin Sloane and Edgar Smith Two reels Co-writer: Mack Sennett Two reels Based on the poem by Hugh Antoine d'Arcy Released as a split-reel with a travel short. 1914 Mabel's Married Life July 9.Charlie Chaplin filmography June 20. 1914 November 7. 1914 Laughing Gas The Property Man The Face on the Bar Room Floor Recreation The Masquerader His New Profession The Rounders The New Janitor Those Love Pangs Dough and Dynamite Gentlemen of Nerve His Musical Career His Trysting Place Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Mabel's Husband Dentist's Assistant The Property Man Artist Tramp Film Actor Charlie Reveller Janitor Masher Waiter Impecunious Track Enthisiast Piano Mover Husband Charlie. . 1914 September 7. 1914 October 10. 1914 August 31. Tille's Nightmare. 1914 August 13. by A. 1914 August 1.
which formed Lone Star Studios solely for Chaplin's films. directed. as an unauthorized four-reeler with new footage shot and assembled by Leo White Yes Yes Yes Yes Ex-Convict Janitor Compilation assembled by Leo White with scenes from Police and an unfinished short. and starred in 12 films for the Mutual Film Corporation. 1915 April 11. 1915 April 29. 1915 April 1. Chaplin includes this production in the filmography of his autobiography. 1915 May 27. 1915 July 12. 1915 August 9. Mutual Chaplin wrote. 1916 August 11. 1915 February 15. Pest and Mr. 1915 April 11. 1915 October 4. 1918 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Film Extra Reveller Aspiring Pugilist Charlie Suitor. 1916. Life.Charlie Chaplin filmography 4 Release date February 1. 1915 November 20. produced. All of the Mutual releases are two reels in length . 1915 December 18. along with new material shot by White. Rowdy Darn Hosiery One reel One reel debut of Edna Purviance Notes His New Job A Night Out The Champion In the Park A Jitney Elopement The Tramp By the Sea Work A Woman The Bank Shanghaied A Night in the Show Burlesque on 'Carmen' Police Triple Trouble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Re-issued on April 22. 1915 November 18. the Fake Count The Tramp Stroller Decorator's Apprentice Charlie / "The Woman" Janitor Charlie Mr. 1915 June 21.
The Chaplin Revue Half-reel. 1921 April 2. 1916 October 2. 1917 The Adventurer Yes Yes Yes Escaped Convict First National Chaplin wrote. 1918 October 20. 1917 April 16. Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director April 14. 1916 December 4. 1919 February 6. 1916 January 22. 1916 September 4. Co stars brother Sydney Chaplin Three reels Score composed for compilation. 1916 July 10. These films were distributed by First National.Charlie Chaplin filmography 5 Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Impecunious Customer Fireman Street Musician Drunk Tailor's Apprentice Pawnbroker's Assistant Property Man's Assistant Waiter and Skating Enthusiast Vagabond recruited to Police Force Alcoholic Gentleman at Spa Immigrant Notes May 15. 1919 December 15. 1921 September 25. 1917 June 17. 1918 A Dog's Life Yes Yes Yes Yes Role Tramp Three reels Score composed for compilation. 1916 June 12. The Chaplin Revue Three reels Two reels Six reels Two reels Two reels Notes September 29. and starred in nine films for his own production company between 1918 and 1923. 1917 The Floorwalker The Fireman The Vagabond One A. directed. 1922 Sunnyside A Day's Pleasure The Kid The Idle Class Pay Day Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Farm Handyman Father Tramp Tramp / Husband Laborer . The Count The Pawnshop Behind the Screen The Rink Easy Street The Cure The Immigrant Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Co-writer: Vincent Bryan Added to the National Film  Registry in 1998 October 22. produced. 1918 The Bond Shoulder Arms Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Tramp Recruit May 15. 1916 November 13. 1916 August 7.M.
From this point on all of his films were of feature length. 1947 Monsieur Verdoux Yes Yes Yes Yes Monsieur Henri Based on an idea by Orson Welles Verdoux Nominated – Academy Award for Best Writing  (Original Screenplay) Calvero Pulled from American screens shortly after its release when Chaplin became a political exile from the United  States Academy Award for Best Music (Scoring) (Awarded in 1973 when the film became first eligible for Academy  Award consideration via Los Angeles screenings. 1928 February 6. As a result his last two films were made in England. 1923 June 26. Limelight. Chaplin learned that his American re-entry permit was rescinded. He produced. April 11. Release date September 26. 1923 The Pilgrim Yes Yes Yes Yes Escaped Convict Four reels Score composed for compilation. and wrote these eight films and starred in all but the first. 1936 October 15. 1925 January 6. 1940 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director A Woman of Paris The Gold Rush The Circus City Lights Modern Times The Great Dictator Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Role Porter Lone Prospector Tramp Tramp A Worker Adenoid Hynkel / The Barber Chaplin has a small cameo role Notes Score composed for 1942 re-issue  Added to the National Film Registry in 1992 Score composed for 1970 re-issue  Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Added to the National Film Registry in 1991 Added to the National Film Registry in 1989   Added to the National Film Registry in 1997  Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated – Academy Award for Best Writing  (Original Screenplay). . 1952 Limelight Yes Yes Yes Yes British productions In 1952.) October 16. while travelling to England to attend the première of his film. The Chaplin Revue 6 United Artists Chaplin began releasing his films through United Artists in 1923. directed.Charlie Chaplin filmography February 26. 1931 February 5. Beginning with City Lights Chaplin wrote the musical scores for his films as well.
Chaplin produced his own compilation in 1959 and was involved in the making of another in 1975.1922 1926 1933 The Professor Nice and Friendly A Woman of the Sea All at Sea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Himself Professor Bosco Villain 1966–1975 The Freak Yes Compilations Essanay produced three compilations without Chaplin's authority (to which he took legal action). although parts were used in The Essanay-Chaplin Revue (see below) Never assembled. and featuring Cooke with Chaplin  and Paulette Goddard A production planned for Chaplin's daughter. He made several cameo appearances as himself and was featured in several compilation films. although parts were used in The Chaplin Revue (see below) Reconstructed in 1981 by Kevin Brownlow and David  Gill A charity film co-starring Harry Lauder Slated as a two-reeler.Charlie Chaplin filmography 7 Release date Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role King Shahdov An Old Steward Notes September 12. 1967 A King in New York A Countess from Hong Kong Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes An Attica-Archway production Not released in the United States until 1967 A Universal Production in Panavision and Technicolor Produced by Jerome Epstein Chaplin has a small cameo role Other film appearances In addition to his official 82 films. 1933 Himself An 11-minute home movie shot by Alistair Cooke onboard Chaplin's boat. 1957 January 5. Chaplin has several unfinished works in his body of work. Uncompleted or unreleased films Year(s) Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director 1915–1916 Life 1918 How to Make Movies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Himself Role Uncompleted. but never issued Improvised sketch Completed but never released Chaplin had the negative burned on June 24. Panacea. . Victoria Notes (untitled film) 1919 c.
edited by Langford Reed. Unauthorized by Chaplin Tramp / Recruit / Escaped Convict / Himself Compiled from A Dog's Life. 1916 Title Credited as Composer Producer Writer Director Role Notes Introducing Charlie Chaplin The Essanay-Chaplin Revue Zepped Yes Yes Ex-convict Promo film intended for exhibitors to show as a prologue to Chaplin films Compiled by Leo White from portions of Police and Life with new material directed by White Unauthorized by Chaplin. Released in England. Chaplin made cameo appearances as himself in the following films: Year Title Notes 1915 1921 His Regeneration The Nut Chaplin's footage does not appear in surviving prints. 1915 September 23. A propaganda piece of which a seven-minute reel was discovered in  2009 Yes Yes A seven-reel montage of Essanay films. 1959 1975 The Chaplin Revue Yes Yes Yes Yes The Gentleman Tramp Cameos In addition to his own productions of A Woman of Paris (1923) and A Countess From Hong Kong (1967). although one sequence that does survive features an unknown actor  in Chaplin's tramp persona Shown on the set of A Woman of Paris Lost film   1923 Souls for Sale Hollywood 1928 Show People Added to the National Film Registry in 2003 Addendum Cartoons Chaplin "appeared" as himself in the following animated cartoon shorts: . Shoulder Arms.Charlie Chaplin filmography 8 Release date March 31. and How to Make Movies A compilation documentary featuring new scenes of Chaplin at his home in Switzerland 1916 May 1918 Chase Me Charlie September 25. The Pilgrim.
Retrieved April 10. . newsbank. . Associated Press. com/ hostednews/ canadianpress/ article/ ALeqM5iCItmBB9_tVi-k0eK31CvqVjnGVg). . Retrieved September 29. . gov/ film/ titles. .  Robinson 1985. 267. com/ 2010/ 06/ 08/ charlie-chaplin-film-found-at-an-antique-sale-once-thought-lost/ ). google. p.  "Films Selected to The National Film Registry. "Hooray for Hollywood — Librarian Names 25 More Films to National Registry" (http:/ / www. Jr.  Library of Congress (November 16. gov/ film/ titles. gov/ loc/ lcib/ 9812/ film. "Librarian of Congress Names 25 New Films to National Film Registry" (http:/ / www. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved October 18. . Robinson 1985. The Canadian Press. com/ newspapers?id=aScOAAAAIBAJ& sjid=sX0DAAAAIBAJ& pg=2213.  Robinson 1985. 1997). St. . December 7. Retrieved September 30. pp. html).2097601). 519–520. php?module=wof). html). gov/ today/ pr/ 1997/ 97-200. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 647. Library of Congress 1989-2009" (http:/ / www. 2009. Conway & Ricci 1965/1974. John (2010). Retrieved September 29. uk/ How_to_Make_Movies) from the Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia  Curran. org/ ). Retrieved September 30. "Shot by young Alistair Cooke.Charlie Chaplin filmography 9 Year 1923 1933 1936 Title Felix in Hollywood Series Felix the Cat Mickey's Gala Premiere Mickey Mouse Mickey's Polo Team Mickey Mouse Dramatic films about Chaplin Chaplin's life has been dramatized in the following films: Year 1989 1992 2001 Title Actor playing Chaplin Young Charlie Chaplin Joe Geary (six-part BBC mini-series) Chaplin The Cat's Meow Robert Downey. p. 1992. 2009.  Robinson 1985. Robinson 1985. Retrieved September 29. 544–549. loc.  The film was reconstructed based on the titles and cutting order for a film entitled How Moving Pictures are Made however the Brownlow and Gill versions alters and omits titles and inserts additional scenes not referred to in the script How to Make Movies (http:/ / www. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Once Thought Lost" (http:/ / criterioncast. 1991). 2010. hollywoodchamber. 2010).  Andrews. Library of Congress. "25 Films Designated For Preservation" (http:/ / nl. . 2009. 2010. Retrieved June 9. . net/ index. . 2009. 2009. p. loc. 2010. google. 2009. html). home movie of Chaplin emerges after discovery" (http:/ / www.  Library of Congress (November 18. Press release. 579. charliechaplin. 2009. The Criterion Cast. Robinson 1985. p. loc. 2010. p. Library of Congress 1989–2008" (http:/ / www. 572. Inc. 2009. "History of the Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. 2009. Retrieved July 22. org.  "Films Selected to The National Film Registry.  "The Hollywood Walk of Fame" (http:/ / www. 2009. 122.  "25 American films are added to the National Film Registry" (http:/ / news. Robinson 1985. Library of Congress. pp. org/ awards/ academyawards/ about/ history. Retrieved November 25. Retrieved October 18. loc. The Courier. html). Roberts M. Eddie Izzard References Footnotes McDonald. 2010. Note: Type in "Charlie Chaplin"  Brunsting. 1998). "Charlie Chaplin Film Found At An Antique Sale. oscars. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.  "The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences" (http:/ / www. p. html). oscars. Joshua (June 8. . 12. Press release. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=SL& p_theme=sl& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0EB04D5F1431ADB1& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). Library of Congress.       . (October 11.
. .  Library of Congress (December 16. uk/ culture/ 2009/ nov/ 05/ charlie-chaplin-ebay-reel-tin). Jeffrey. 91.S. Retrieved September 27. • "Chaplin Film Locations: Then & Now" (http://jerre.A.charliechaplin.php). The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-23. San Francisco. "25 Films Added to National Film Registry" (http:/ / www. ISBN 978-09520-25667-5. guardian. Mexico: McGraw-Hill. Ricci. ©1996–2009 JERRE.com/TandN/). California. Michael. London. Retrieved September 30. 2009. 2003). . External links • "Charlie Chaplin: Official Website" (http://www. David (1985). • Vance. ISBN 978-0141011479. Douglas Fairbanks.org/index. co. 2009). ISBN 0-07-053181-1. Roy Export S. html). 2009.. Press release.  "Progressive Silent Film List: Hollywood" (http:/ / www. England: University of California Press. Charles (2003). Chaplin: His Life and Art. Penguin Classics. Louis. Conway. silentera. Robert Cushman (2008).Charlie Chaplin filmography  Charlotte Higgins (November 5. 2009. Retrieved September 27. Maietta. Berkeley and Los Angeles. • "Internet Archive" (http://www. 2009. New Jersey: Citadel Press. ISBN 978-08065-0197-0. (Features Chaplin films online) . gov/ today/ pr/ 2003/ 03-211. loc. Cushman.20 on eBay" (http:/ / www. 10 Bibliography • Chaplin. Tony Maietta. New York. "Collector finds unseen Charlie Chaplin film in tin sold for £3. com/ PSFL/ data/ H/ Hollywood1923. St. 2009.com/). Secaucus. My Autobiography. Silent Era. Mark (1965/1974). html). Retrieved September 30.archive. p. • McDonald. Retrieved November 10. • Robinson.  Vance. Gerald D. Hamburg. The Films of Charlie Chaplin.
mime. His working life in entertainment spanned over 75 years. the American Film Institute ranked Chaplin the 10th greatest male screen legend of all time. United Kingdom 25 December 1977 (aged 88)Vevey. W. until close to his death at the age of 88. With Mary Pickford. which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. In 2008. 1943–1977) 8 children Spouse Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin. and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. Vaud. film director and composer of the silent film era. he co-founded United Artists in 1919. In 1999. wrote: "Chaplin was not just 'big'. He was influenced by his predecessor. Griffith. known as Charlie Chaplin. London. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films. mimicry British Died Medium Nationality Years active 1895–1976 Genres Influenced Slapstick. 1924–1927) 2 children Paulette Goddard (m. His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's identification with the left ultimately forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s. to whom he dedicated one of his films. Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. Chaplin used mime. from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer. the French silent movie comedian Max Linder. Switzerland Film. In 1915. KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977). was an English comic actor. music. He became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Martin Sieff. 1936–1942) Oona O'Neill (m. though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp.Charlie Chaplin 11 Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Birth name Born Charles Spencer Chaplin 16 April 1889Walworth. he was gigantic. visual comedy Milton Berle Rowan Atkinson Johnny Depp Mildred Harris (m. by 1916 he was also producing them. Douglas Fairbanks and D. he . and continued well into the era of the talkies. 1918–1921) 1 child Lita Grey (m. slapstick and other visual comedy routines. in a review of the book Chaplin: A Life.
Walworth. was an alcoholic and had little contact with his son. a singer and an actress who went by the stage name Lilly Harley. managed by a William Jackson. 12 Biography Early life in London (1889–1909) Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889. They met again in Hollywood eleven years later. They separated before Charlie was three. written to him in the 1970s. Chaplin's father. ) His parents were both entertainers in the music hall tradition. Chaplin's father's mistress sent the boy to Archbishop Temples Boys School. he laid it on thick about his unrequited love. when introduced to her. “Chaplin would not have been Chaplin if he had simply dined quietly with Marie. The Painful Predicament of Sherlock Holmes as a joke on the British press. Instead. including 3 Pownall Terrace. Walworth. Over dinner. a letter. at 287 Kennington Road. though Chaplin and his half-brother briefly lived with their father and his mistress. they simply “dined quietly in Marie’s apartment alone. Chaplin was brought in from the provinces to play Billy. After Chaplin's mother was again admitted to the Cane Hill Asylum. though he described it in his autobiography as "the skeleton in our family cupboard". Charles Chaplin Sr.” However. She had forgotten his name but. Hannah Chaplin. a fact of which he was extremely proud. he stayed on the job. Gillette coached Chaplin in his restrained acting style. A larynx condition ended the singing career of Chaplin's mother. Chaplin resided at 94 Ferndale Road.Charlie Chaplin burst onto a war-torn world bringing it the gift of comedy. Chaplin remained as Billy until the production ended on 2 December. Over the next 25 years. was a vocalist and an actor and his mother. as part of a troupe of young male dancers. The 1891 census shows that his mother lived with Charlie and his older half-brother Sydney on Barlow Street. (In 2011.. A. When Gillette staged his one-act curtain-raiser. laughter and relief while it was tearing itself apart through World War I. England. Chaplin also lived with his mother in various addresses in and around Kennington Road in Lambeth. Louise. As of the 1901 Census. Chester Street and 39 Methley Street. Nothing came of it until two years later. but the play did not go over well. her son was left in the workhouse at Lambeth in south London. In 1903 Chaplin secured the role of Billy the pageboy in Sherlock Holmes. his father. He learned singing from his parents. During the run. George Bernard Shaw called Chaplin "the only genius to come out of the movie industry". when they were both in New York and she invited him to dinner and a drive. supposedly in East Street. as Kenneth Lynn pointed out. came to light.” . Lambeth. London.. Staffordshire. Saintsbury took Chaplin under his wing and taught him to marshal his talents. As a small child. moving after several weeks to the Central London District School for paupers in Hanwell.  The half-brothers lived there while their mentally ill mother lived at Cane Hill Asylum at Coulsdon. It is doubtful any individual has ever given more entertainment. . but  his love went unrequited and Doro returned to America with Gillette when the production closed. His paternal grandmother's mother was from the Smith family of Romanichals. Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr. Saintsbury. His father died of cirrhosis when Charlie was twelve in 1901.. written by William Gillette and starring English actor H. pleasure and relief to so many human beings when they needed it the most". Chaplin told her of being silently in love with her and how she had broken his young heart. suggesting that he had been born in a gypsy caravan at Black Patch Park in Smethwick. When Sherlock Holmes was substituted for Clarice. through the Great Depression and the rise of Adolf Hitler. It was during this engagement that the teenage Chaplin fell hopelessly in love with Doro. In 1905 Gillette came to England with Marie Doro to debut his new play. Clarice. The Eight Lancashire Lads. Chaplin noted.
which I reasoned. and Chaplin believed Sennett intended to fire him following a disagreement with Normand. . The Tramp (1914–1915) The Tramp debuted during the silent film era in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice (released on 7 February 1914). the Keystone Film Company as a replacement for Ford Sterling. for a second tour. In late 1913. After Chaplin's first film appearance. Mack Sennett had requested that Chaplin "get into a comedy make-up". the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was. he returned to the U. Most historians agree it was Normand who persuaded him to give Chaplin another chance. I began to know him. the hat small and the shoes large. Chaplin had considerable initial difficulty adjusting to the demands of film acting and his performance suffered for it. Chaplin circa 1910 Mack Sennett did not warm to Chaplin right away. I had no idea of the character. "The Tramp" is a vagrant with the refined manners. I did not like my get-up as the press reporter [in Making a Living]. But the moment I was dressed. Chaplin had to wear each on the wrong foot to keep them on. and Ford Sterling the size-14 shoes. He devised the moustache from a bit of crepe hair belonging to Mack Swain. the coat tight. Chaplin's act with the Karno Troupe was seen by Mack Sennett. Chaplin's pictures were soon a success. However. and dignity of a gentleman. clothes. Chester Conklin provided the little cutaway tailcoat.Charlie Chaplin 13 First years in the United States (1910–1913) Chaplin first toured the United States with the Fred Karno troupe from 1910 to 1912. Minta Durfee. Making a Living was filmed. the two worked out their differences and remained friends long after Chaplin left Keystone. Mabel Normand. However. I was undecided whether to look old or young.S. Chaplin had devised the tramp costume for a film produced a few days earlier but released later (9 February 1914). which were so big. Chaplin was given over to Normand. The only thing Chaplin himself owned was the whangee cane. arriving with the Karno Troupe on 2 October 1912. would add age without hiding my expression. and Fatty Arbuckle. who later became known as Stan Laurel. Chaplin did not enjoy being directed by a woman. I wanted everything to be a contradiction: Living (1914) the pants baggy. and they often disagreed. big shoes. who directed and wrote a handful of his earliest films. Stan Laurel returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. I added a small moustache. However on the way to the wardrobe I thought I would dress in baggy pants. and by the time I walked on stage he was  fully born. As Chaplin recalled in his autobiography: I had no idea what makeup to put on. In the Karno Company was Arthur Stanley Jefferson. Eventually. After five months back in England. and he became one of the biggest   stars at Keystone. but remembering Sennett had expected me to be a much older man. "Fatty" Arbuckle contributed his father-in-law's derby and his own pants (of generous proportions). Sennett hired him for his studio. a Chaplin on the right in his film debut Making a cane and a derby hat. Sennett felt he had made a costly mistake. Mabel's Strange Predicament. Chaplin and Laurel shared a room in a boarding house.
quickly became the most popular star in Keystone director Mack Sennett's company of players. Chaplin was emerging as the supreme exponent of silent movies. and thereby stayed in touch with his audience. Chaplin's Tramp enacted the difficulties and humiliations of the immigrant underdog. and shown at the Loew's Seventh Avenue Theatre in Harlem in 1914. The Tramp remains silent until near the end of the film when. Chaplin officially retired the character in the film Modern Times (released 5 February 1936). He made 34 shorts for Sennett during his first year in pictures. Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914): Chaplin's second film and the debut of his "tramp" costume 14 Chaplin continued to play the Tramp through dozens of short films and. In 1915. The film was only a partial talkie and is often called the last silent film. and was considered an international character. Chaplin refused to make a talkie featuring the character. cinema. feature-length productions (in only a handful of other productions did he play characters other than the Tramp). The Tramp was closely identified with the silent era. The visual gags were pure Keystone. the constant struggle at the bottom of the American heap and yet he triumphed over adversity without ever rising to the top. The 1931 production City Lights featured no dialogue. "The Tramp". Chaplin's principal character. and further developed his cinematic skills. Andorra. Chaplin's films were also deliciously subversive. The Tramp character was featured in the first movie trailer to be exhibited in a Chaplin in character in the 1910s U. Portugal.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin. . Chaplin signed a much more favourable contract with Essanay Studios. however. Italy. The bumbling officials enabled the immigrants to  laugh at those they feared. "Carlitos" in Brazil and Argentina. adding new levels of depth and pathos to the Keystone-style slapstick. advertising manager for the Marcus Loew theatre chain. the tramp character would aggressively assault his enemies with kicks and bricks. with his Little Tramp character. his voice is finally heard. and "Der Vagabund" in Germany. a slide promotion developed by Nils Granlund. Moviegoers loved this cheerfully earthy new comedian. Chaplin's early Keystones use the standard Mack Sennett formula of extreme physical comedy and exaggerated gestures. Chaplin also developed his own stock company. was known as "Charlot" in the French-speaking world. for the first time. which appropriately ended with the Tramp walking down an endless highway toward the horizon. 1914. Romania and Turkey. He immediately gained enormous popularity among cinema audiences. more suitable to romantic and domestic farces than to the usual Keystone chases and mob scenes. even though critics warned that his antics bordered on vulgarity. later. He portrayed  a Keystone Kop in A Thief Catcher filmed 5–26 Jan. Chaplin's pantomime was subtler. an emigrant himself from London. running twice as long as the average Keystone comedy. as well as the landmark comedy feature Tillie's Punctured Romance. albeit only as part of a French/Italian-derived gibberish song. Spain. including ingénue Edna Purviance and comic villains Leo White and Bud Jamison. when the sound era began in the late 1920s. Chaplin was soon entrusted with directing and editing his own films. Greece. Most of the Essanay films were more ambitious.S.
first for theatres. the best known include: Easy Street. and Albert Austin to his stock company. W. and Modern Times (1936) were essentially silent films scored with his own music and sound effects. Douglas Fairbanks and D. Campbell. entrepreneurs serviced the demand for Chaplin by bringing back his older comedies. He served on the board of UA until the early 1950s. One A. Chaplin ambitiously expanded most of his personal projects into longer. After Chaplin assumed control of his productions in 1918 (and kept exhibitors and audiences waiting for them). all of whom were seeking to escape the growing power consolidation of film distributors and financiers in the developing Hollywood studio system. for home video. The films were recut. All Chaplin's United Artists pictures were of feature length. and second bananas Bergman and Austin would remain with Chaplin for decades. . a Gilbert and Sullivan veteran. Chaplin now had his own studio. although he also had concerns that the films during that time were becoming formulaic owing to the stringent production schedule his contract required. At the conclusion of the Mutual contract in 1917. when producer Amadee J. and in recent years. and produced twelve films over an eighteen-month period that rank among the most influential comedy films in all cinema. United Artists (1919–1939) In 1919. entering the First World War. Chaplin regarded the Mutual period as the happiest of his career.. Chaplin signed a contract with First National to produce eight two-reel films. 1922 After the arrival of sound films. He was given near complete artistic control. Charlie Chaplin Studios. Essanay. retitled. Chaplin co-founded the United Artists film distribution company with Mary Pickford. Van Beuren added new orchestral scores and sound effects. and reissued again and again. Most of the Chaplin films in circulation date from his Keystone. City Lights has been praised for its mixture of comedy and sentimentality. The Pilgrim (1923) and the feature-length classic The Kid (1921). including Shoulder Arms (1918). and he could work at a more relaxed pace that allowed him to focus on quality. beginning with the atypical drama in which Chaplin had only a brief cameo role. Griffith. A Woman of Paris (1923). Chaplin continued to focus on silent films. City Lights (1931). Although First National expected Chaplin to deliver short comedies like the celebrated Mutuals. Critic James Agee. assured Chaplin's independence as a film-maker. Upon the U.Charlie Chaplin 15 Pioneering film artist and global celebrity (1916–1918) In 1916. Chaplin became a spokesman for Liberty Bonds with his close friend Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford. and The Adventurer. along with complete control of his film production through his studio. for example. Of his Mutual comedies. The twelve Mutual comedies were revamped as sound movies in 1933. and Mutual periods. Henry Bergman. Edna Purviance remained the leading lady. This move. Even Essanay was guilty of this practice. The Pawnshop. The Circus (1928). and Chaplin added Eric Campbell. then for the home-movie market. the Mutual Film Corporation paid Chaplin US$670.S.000 to produce a dozen two-reel comedies. wrote in Life magazine in 1949 that the final scene in City Lights was the "greatest single piece of acting ever committed to celluloid".M. This was followed by the classic comedies The Gold Rush (1925) and The Circus (1928). provided superb villainy. feature-length films. fashioning "new" Chaplin comedies from old film clips and out-takes. First National financed and distributed these pictures (1918–23) but otherwise gave him complete creative control over production.
composed for the film Modern Times (1936) and given lyrics to help promote a 1950s revival of the film.Charlie Chaplin While Modern Times (1936) is a non-talkie. A Countess from Hong Kong. In addition to Hynkel. and intolerance. Although "talkies" became the dominant mode of movie making soon after they were introduced in 1927. notably The Kid for its 1971 re-release. Chaplin played the role of "Adenoid Hynkel". in favor of liberty and human brotherhood. Chaplin also wrote scores for his earlier silent films when they were re-released in the sound era. and another as a singer for the title music of The Circus (1928). Like Chinese symbolism. and the depiction of their persecution. a delay in the film premiering in Los Angeles made it eligible decades after it was filmed. was a number one hit in several different languages in the late 1960s (most notably the version by Petula Clark and discovery of an unreleased version in the 1990s recorded in 1967 by Judith Durham of The Seekers). then look at a picture of the animal and see how surprised you are". The best known of several songs he composed are "Smile".S. and he dropped out of his comic character to address the audience directly in a speech denouncing dictatorship. "This Is My Song" from Chaplin's last film. This was done to help 1930s audiences. it does contain talk—usually coming from inanimate objects such as a radio or a TV monitor. modelled on German dictator Adolf Hitler. Chaplin also played a look-alike Jewish barber persecuted by the regime. The film was seen as an act of courage in the political environment of the time. for example. it will mean different things according to its scenic connotation. Chaplin resisted making such a film all through the 1930s. 16 Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid (1921) It is a tribute to Chaplin's versatility that he also has one film credit for choreography for the 1952 film Limelight. greed. He said: "Action is more generally understood than words. entry into the Second World War. dictator of Bacteria. adjust to not hearing dialogue. a jab at Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Modern Times was the first film where Chaplin's voice is heard (in the nonsense song at the end. for most viewers it is still considered a silent film. famously covered by Nat King Cole. He considered cinema essentially a pantomimic art." Chaplin's score to Limelight won an Academy Award in 1972. an act of defiance against Nazism. . which Chaplin both performed and wrote the nonsense lyrics to). However. the two characters Chaplin portrayed swapped positions through a complex plot. Listen to a description of some unfamiliar object—an African warthog. who was only four days his junior and sported a similar moustache. both for its ridicule of Nazism. At the conclusion. was filmed and released in the United States one year before the U. The Great Dictator (1940). The film also showcased comedian Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni". hate. depicting a Charlie Chaplin in the film The Great Dictator woman in the ghetto. Paulette Goddard filmed with Chaplin again. The Great Dictator (1940) Chaplin's first talking picture. and Chaplin's theme from Limelight was a hit in the 1950s under the title "Eternally. The barber physically resembled the Tramp character. who were out of the habit of watching silent films. Dictator of Tomainia. for the portrayal of overt Jewish characters.
The latter film stars Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. celebrated New York portraitist. with his wife. Avedon is credited with the last portrait of the entertainer to be taken before his departure to Europe and therefore." That Chaplin was unprepared to remain abroad. Hoover learned of the trip and negotiated with the Immigration and Naturalization Service to revoke Chaplin's re-entry permit. FBI pressure on Chaplin grew after his 1942 campaign for a second European front in the war and reached a critical level in the late 1940s. exiling Chaplin so he could not return for his alleged political leanings. the film would have cast her as an angel. Switzerland. published in 1974. Edgar Hoover was a surprise to him. Chaplin telephoned him at his studio in New York City. you better do it now. have created an unhealthy atmosphere in which liberal-minded individuals can be singled out and persecuted. and never personally saw Chaplin again. and Chaplin made his final on-screen appearance in a brief cameo role as a seasick steward. Chaplin also wrote My Autobiography. Chaplin was accused of "un-American activities" as a suspected communist and J. 17 McCarthy era Although Chaplin had his major successes in the United States and was a resident from 1914 to 1953. “If you want to take my picture. Chaplin indicated that he had written a screenplay for his daughter. “If you’re Charlie Chaplin. "This is My Song". probably from fear of Chaplin's ability to lampoon the investigators. In his pictorial autobiography My Life In Pictures. This was never done. Under these conditions I find it virtually impossible to continue my motion-picture work. entitled The Freak. They are coming after me and I won’t be back. He briefly and triumphantly returned to the United States in April 1972. or that the revocation of his right to re-enter the United States by FBI Director J. to receive an Honorary Oscar.” According to Avedon. Shoulder Arms (1918) and The Pilgrim (1923) for which he composed the music and recorded an introductory narration. In 1952. and I have therefore given up my residence in the United States. between 1959 and 1963. According to Chaplin. Chaplin also compiled a film The Chaplin Revue from three First National films A Dog's Life (1918). and also to discuss how his films would be re-released and marketed. directed and produced. by their influence and by the aid of America's yellow press. Chaplin then made his home in Vevey. Chaplin left the US for what was intended as a brief trip home to the United Kingdom for the London premiere of Limelight. I leave … (imminently). Chaplin decided not to re-enter the United States. may be apocryphal: An anecdote in some contradiction is recorded during a broad interview with Richard Avedon. Edgar Hoover. produced. who had instructed the FBI to keep extensive secret files on him. During the era of McCarthyism. tried to end his United States residency. Chaplin assured the photographer of his authenticity and added the comment. I have been the object of lies and propaganda by powerful reactionary groups who. Victoria. which was published in 1964. writing: "Since the end of the last world war. wrote. when Congressional figures threatened to call him as a witness in hearings. he always maintained a neutral nationalistic stance. reaching number one in the UK as sung by Petula Clark. which he directed. As well as directing these final films. I’m Franklin Roosevelt!” To mollify Avedon. The photographer considered the impromptu self-introduction a prank and angrily answered his caller with the riposte. He also composed the music for both films with the theme song from A Countess From Hong Kong. the last photograph of him as a singularly “American icon.Charlie Chaplin The film was nominated for Academy awards for Best Picture (producer). and A Countess from Hong Kong (1967). Final works (1957–1976) Chaplin's final two films were made in London: A King in New York (1957) in which he starred. while on a layover for transportation connections before the final leg of his travel to England. Best Original Screenplay (writer) and Best Actor. and wrote.” Avedon interrupted his production commitments to take Chaplin’s portrait the next day. a script was completed and pre-production rehearsals had begun on the film (the book includes a .
the robbers were attempt to extort money from his family. a narrative structure would emerge. Chaplin wrote original music compositions and scores for his silent pictures and re-released them. but were halted when Victoria married. who lived near Charlie Chaplin's Lone Star studio as a boy. effort and thousands of feet of film being wasted. By 1977. which was completed in 1976. Vaud. "I mean to make it some day. and of his feature length films firstly The Circus in 1969 and The Kid in 1971. his health declined steadily in the 1970s which hampered all hopes of the film ever being produced. Switzerland on Christmas Day 1977. captured.Charlie Chaplin photograph of Victoria in costume). and more rapidly after he received his Academy Award in 1972. once his Essanay contract gave him the freedom to write for and direct himself. when his rare surviving outtakes and cut sequences were carefully examined in the 1983 British documentary Unknown Chaplin. remembered his father saying he watched Chaplin shoot a scene more than a hundred times until he was  This combination of story improvisation and relentless perfectionism—which resulted in days of satisfied with it. Chaplin's unique filmmaking techniques became known only after his death. Chaplin's grave in Switzerland Filmmaking techniques Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily about his filmmaking methods. all at enormous expense—often proved very taxing for Chaplin. The method he developed. 18 Death (1977) Chaplin's robust health began to slowly fail in the late 1960s. almost always working the ideas out on film. He composed the scores of all his First National shorts: The Idle Class in 1971 (paired with The Kid for re-release in 1972). and was using a wheelchair. keep them waiting idly for hours or. frequently requiring Chaplin to reshoot an already-completed scene that might have otherwise contradicted the story." Chaplin then had sets constructed and worked with his stock company to improvise gags and "business" around them. Chaplin never shot from a completed script. even finding communication difficult. after the completion of his final film A Countess from Hong Kong. showing his actors exactly how he wanted them to perform and shooting scores of takes until he had the shot he wanted. Sunnyside in 1974. until he began making spoken dialogue films with The Great Dictator in 1940. in extreme cases. was to start from a vague premise—for example "Charlie enters a health spa" or "Charlie works in a pawn shop. and the corpse was recovered eleven weeks later near Lake Geneva.8 m) of concrete to prevent further attempts. Switzerland. shutting down production altogether. As ideas were accepted and discarded. he had difficulty communicating. claiming such a thing would be tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion. Chaplin was interred in Corsier-Sur-Vevey Cemetery. Chaplin was an incredibly exacting director. Chaplin worked with music associate Eric James whilst composing all his scores. From 1969 until 1976. Pay Day in 1972. his corpse was stolen by a small group of Swiss mechanics in an  The plot failed. who in frustration would often lash out at his actors and crew. Animator Chuck Jones. His body was reburied under 6 feet (1. Chaplin's last completed work was the score for his 1923 film A Woman of Paris. In addition." Chaplin wrote. This is one reason why Chaplin took so much longer to complete his films than his rivals did. On 1 March 1978. by which time Chaplin was extremely frail. . However. A Day's Pleasure in 1973. In fact. Chaplin died in his sleep in Vevey.
25 million and The Circus is the seventh with US$3. and for his last American film. Spencer Dryden was the drummer for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted band. releasing twelve feature films in the 1920s while Chaplin released just three. Limelight. Modern Times.7 million. Commercially.5 million while Harold Lloyd's grossed US$15. written and composed by Chaplin for his film. advised him against his disastrous move to MGM in 1928. and only received belated critical acclaim in the late 1950s and 1960s. Chaplin's films have been compared to those of Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd (the other two great silent film comedians of the time). A Countess from Hong Kong. hit number 2 on the UK charts when sung by Nat King Cole in the 1950s. but his 1930s films were more openly political. which he composed for his film.8 million. It was also Michael Jackson's favourite song. Buster Keaton's films were not nearly as commercially successful as Chaplin's or Lloyd's even at the height of his popularity. Chaplin made some of the highest-grossing films in the silent era. Chaplin won the Oscar for Best Film Score for his film. Lloyd was renowned for his everyman persona and 1920s optimism. Chaplin's films combined made about US$10. who both got their start in vaudeville. thought highly of one another: Keaton stated in his autobiography that Chaplin was the greatest comedian that ever lived. Limelight. The three had different styles: Chaplin had a strong affinity for sentimentality and pathos (which was popular in the 1920s). especially among the loyal fans of each comic. There is evidence that Chaplin and Keaton. His silent films made prior to the Great Depression typically did not contain overt political themes or messages. hit number 1 on the UK charts when sung by Petula Clark in the 1960s. In 1973. apart from the Tramp's plight in poverty and his run-ins with the law. Jefferson Airplane. his nephew. Chaplin was not the only member of his family with musical talent. Lloyd was far more prolific. However. and the greatest comedy director. and his vocal public support for the opening of a second European front in 1942 to assist the Soviet Union in the Second World War were controversial. Politics Chaplin's political sympathies always lay with the left. The final dramatic speech in The Great Dictator. Modern Times depicts workers and poor people in dismal conditions.Charlie Chaplin 19 Comparison with other silent comics Since the 1960s. whereas Chaplin welcomed Keaton to United Artists in 1925. wrote a part specifically for Keaton as his first on-screen comedy partner since 1915. "Smile". which was critical of following patriotic nationalism without question. Composer and songwriter Chaplin wrote or co-wrote the scores and songs for many of his films. The Gold Rush is the fifth with US$4. and Keaton adhered to onscreen stoicism with a cynical tone more suited to modern audiences. "This Is My Song". Chaplin together with the American socialist Max Eastman in Hollywood 1919 .
S. His biographers have attributed this to a teenage infatuation with Hetty Kelly. 1931. The South African duo Locnville. he fiercely refused to challenge or refute claims that he was Jewish. London.S. Unknown to Charlie and Sydney until years later. The Bond. they had a half-brother through their mother. seven years after having been brought to the U. The lingering controversy may have prevented Chaplin from receiving a knighthood in the 1930s. but was denied for being too small at 5'5" and underweight." Although baptised in the Church of England. 20 Chaplin with Mahatma Gandhi in Canning Town. Andrew and Brian Chaplin. saying that to do so would always "play directly into the hands of anti-Semites. at his own expense. Chaplin's final American film. He had in fact presented himself for service. Limelight. For Chaplin's entire career. with the exception of Mildred Harris. Chaplin was thought to be an agnostic for most of his life. whom he met in Britain while performing in the music hall. Wheeler Dryden (1892–1957). Nazi propaganda in the 1930s and 40s prominently portrayed him as Jewish (named Karl Tonstein) relying on articles published in the U. although his two sons saw service in the Army in Europe. five years earlier. For his entire public life. satirised the political persecution and paranoia that had forced him to leave the U. Other controversies During the First World War. and which possibly defined his feminine ideal.S. The boy. For most of the Second World War he was fighting serious criminal and civil charges related to his involvement with actress Joan Barry (see below). Chaplin was criticised in the British press for not joining the Army. some level of controversy existed over claims of Jewish ancestry. After the war. . Personal life and family Chaplin's mother died in 1928 in Glendale. his 1947 black comedy. California. by her sons. Chaplin's lifelong attraction to younger women remains another enduring source of interest to some. Monsieur Verdoux showed a critical view of capitalism. Chaplin clearly relished the role of discovering and closely guiding young female stars. Chaplin raised substantial funds for the war effort during war bond drives not only with public speaking at rallies but also by making. press before. A King in New York (1957). His following European-made film. was less political and more autobiographical in nature. are related to Chaplin (their grandfather was Chaplin's first cousin). There is no documentary evidence of Jewish ancestry for Chaplin himself.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin declined to support the war effort as he had done for the First World War which led to public anger. all of his marriages and most of his major relationships began in this manner. A 1916 propaganda short film Zepped with Chaplin was  discovered in 2009. was raised abroad by his father but later connected with the rest of the family and went to work for Chaplin at his Hollywood studio. and FBI investigations of Chaplin in the late 1940s also focused on Chaplin's ethnic origins. a comedic propaganda film used in 1918.
Davies and Chaplin were both present on Hearst's yacht the weekend preceding the mysterious death of Thomas Harper Ince. They had one son. Chaplin separated from Harris by late 1919. with Harris getting some of their community property and a US$100. after she became pregnant (a development that resulted in her being removed from the cast of the film). who was 16 at the time. Chaplin claimed Harris had an affair with noted actress of the time Alla Nazimova. in 1908. • Marion Davies: In 1924. When she refused. Inglewood California. The romance seems to have ended by 1918. now that [he] was married [he] wanted to be and wanted the marriage to be a success. born on 7 July 1919. companion of William Randolph Hearst. The stormy on-off engagement was halted after about nine months. Edna Purviance was Chaplin's first major leading lady after Mabel Normand. a dancer with whom he fell in love when she was fifteen and almost married when he was nineteen. They had two sons. She and Chaplin spoke warmly of one another for the rest of their lives. Chaplin admitted that he "was not in love. Chaplin suggested it would be best if they did not see each other again. • Lita Grey: Chaplin first met Grey during the filming of The Kid. Norman Spencer "The Little Mouse" Chaplin.Charlie Chaplin 21 Relationships • Hetty Kelly was Chaplin's first love. He was devastated in 1921 when he learned that she had died of influenza during the 1918 flu pandemic. but she refused and stayed by Hearst's side until his death in 1951. Harris. he was reportedly crushed when she agreed. married the popular child actress. It is said Chaplin fell madly in love with her and asked her to marry him. Chaplin made a rare cameo appearance in Davies' 1928 film Show People. rumoured to be fond of seducing young actresses. and by some accounts supposedly continued an affair with her until 1931. Years later. Negri. who died three days later and is interred under the name The Little Mouse at Inglewood Park Cemetery. • Pola Negri: Chaplin was involved in a very public relationship and Mildred Harris. Chaplin's public involvement with Negri was unique in his public life. the actors Charles Chaplin. The couple divorced in November 1920. (1925–1968) and Sydney . in 1922–23. Three years later. and would remain on Chaplin's payroll until her death in 1958. moving back into the Los Angeles Athletic Club. at age 35. age 29. Chaplin with Edna Purviance in The Immigrant (1917)." During the divorce. after she arrived in Hollywood to star in films. By comparison he strove to keep his other romances during this period very discreet and private (usually without success). Purviance would continue as leading lady in Chaplin's films until 1923. Many biographers have concluded the affair with Negri was largely for publicity purposes. c. Jr. Chaplin was rumoured to have had a fling with actress Davies. Charlie allegedly tried to persuade her to leave Hearst and remain with him. Purviance and Chaplin were involved in a close romantic relationship during the production of his Essanay and Mutual films in 1916–1917. Mildred Harris: On 23 October 1918. he became involved with the then 16-year-old Grey during preparations for The Gold Rush in which she was to star as the female lead. her memory would remain an obsession with Chaplin. but in many ways it foreshadowed the modern stereotypes of Hollywood star relationships. during the time he was involved with the underage Lita Grey. They married on 26 November 1924. 1918–1920 engagement with the Polish actress. and Chaplin's marriage to Mildred Harris in late 1918 ended any possibility of reconciliation.000 settlement. Chaplin.
Louise Brooks was a chorine in the Ziegfeld Follies when she met Chaplin. allegedly turned his hair white. 22 • • • • Paulette Goddard: Chaplin and actress Goddard were involved in a romantic and professional relationship between 1932 and 1940. dying in 1990. with Goddard being granted a settlement. After Reeves also became involved with Syd. Georgia Hale was Lita Grey's replacement on The Gold Rush. an act he would recreate in Limelight. It is rumoured that the two had an affair during shooting. and then was introduced to Chaplin.000 settlement. working several times with Cecil B. May became his constant companion and lover on the trip. Their romance apparently ended sometime after Chaplin's return from his world tour in 1933. much to the disgust of Chaplin's brother. Chaplin's brief involvement with Barry proved to be a nightmare for him. which she details in her memoir. she filed a paternity suit against him in 1943. Hale states that her relationship with Chaplin was as strong as ever during filming. DeMille. (directed and written by film historians Kevin Brownlow and David Gill). Unknown Chaplin.Charlie Chaplin Chaplin (1926–2009). the two cavorted together at the Ritz. she lived her later life in Switzerland. Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups. and is included on the 2003 DVD release of the film. Reeves chronicled her short time with Chaplin in her book. After having a child. May Reeves was originally hired to be Chaplin's secretary on his 1931–1932 extended trip to Europe. In the documentary series. who was instantly infatuated with her.C. Grey used the rumoured infidelity in her divorce proceedings. Brooks was with Chaplin when he spent four hours watching a musician torture a violin in a Lower East Side restaurant. with Goddard living with Chaplin in his Beverly Hills home for most of this time. Chaplin and Goddard made public statements that they had been secretly married in 1936. Hale. whom he was considering for a starring role in a proposed film. During production of Chaplin's film City Lights in 1929–30. Goddard went on to a major career in films at Paramount in the 1940s. "The Intimate Charlie Chaplin". In any case. but the relationship ended when she began harassing him and displaying signs of severe mental illness (not unlike his mother). but these claims were likely a mutual effort to prevent any lasting damage to Goddard's career. on top of almost one million dollars in legal costs. The Chaplin biographer Joyce Milton asserted in Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin that the Grey-Chaplin marriage was the inspiration for Vladimir Nabokov's 1950s novel Lolita. For two months in the summer of 1925. Chaplin ended the relationship and she left his entourage. Refusal to clarify their marital status is often claimed to have eliminated Goddard from final consideration for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind. Chaplin had a brief affair with Barry. Merna Kennedy: Lita Grey's friend. Syd. Although blood tests proved Chaplin was not . The marriage was a disaster. In discussing the situation in Unknown Chaplin. but economics forced Chaplin to rehire Cherrill. compounded by a federal tax dispute. Like Chaplin. The stress of the sensational divorce. who by then was Chaplin's closest companion. After the relationship ended in 1940. She worked only one morning. Hale. their relationship ended amicably in 1942. and with film financier A. Blumenthal and Brooks' fellow Ziegfeld girl Peggy Fears in Blumenthal's penthouse suite at the Ambassador Hotel. in a 1980s interview states that she had idolised Chaplin since childhood and that the then-19-year-old actress and Chaplin began an affair that continued for several years. The couple divorced on 22 August 1927. Their extraordinarily bitter divorce had Chaplin paying Grey a then-record-breaking US$825. with the couple hopelessly mismatched. Chaplin gave her starring roles in Modern Times and The Great Dictator. was called in to replace Virginia Cherrill as the flower girl. Chaplin and Paulette Goddard in The Great Dictator (1940) • Joan Barry (1920–1996): In 1942. Seven minutes of test footage survives from this recasting. He had gone to New York for the opening there of The Gold Rush. dealing mostly with reading his personal correspondence. Kennedy was a dancer who Chaplin hired as the lead actress in The Circus (1928).
Barry's attorney. She further stated that "there is no doubt that she [Carol Ann] was his child. 1975) Dolores Chaplin (b. Lita Grey. daughter of Eugene O'Neill. 1994) . Chaplin's public image in America was gravely damaged by these sensational trials. Sydney Earle Chaplin  7 July 1919 5 May 1925 31 March 1926 10 July 1919 20 March 1968 3 March 2009 Mildred Harris Lita Grey Susan Maree Chaplin (b 1959) Stephan Chaplin (b 19xx) Unknown Shane Saura Chaplin (b 1974) Oona Castilla Chaplin (b 1986) Kathleen Chaplin (b. he met O'Neill. Federal prosecutors also brought Mann Act charges against Chaplin related to Barry in 1944. 1979) Carmen Chaplin (b 19xx) George Chaplin (b 19xx) Julien Ronet (b. 1986) Osceola Salkind (b. was born when Chaplin was 73 years old. carrying a pair of baby sandals and a child's ring. 1971) James Thiérrée (b. He was fifty-four. their last child. 1980) Aurélia Thiérrée (b. The injustice of the ruling later led to a change in California law to allow blood tests as evidence. she had just turned eighteen. and married her on 16 June 1943. Chaplin's second wife. and murmuring: "This is magic". Barry was institutionalised in 1953 after she was found walking the streets barefoot. and died from pancreatic cancer in 1991. Christopher. Oona survived Chaplin by fourteen years. 23 Children Child Birth Death Chaplin's Age at Time of Birth 30 36 36 54 55 56 Joan Barry Oona O'Neill Mother Grandchildren Norman Spencer Chaplin Charles Spencer Chaplin. The marriage produced eight children.Charlie Chaplin the father of Barry's child. later asserted that Chaplin had paid corrupt government officials to tamper with the blood test results. and Chaplin was ordered to support the child. Jr. convinced the court that the tests were inadmissible as evidence. 1974) Kiera Chaplin (b." • Oona O'Neill: During Chaplin's legal trouble over the Barry affair. Joseph Scott. 1982) Carol Ann Barry Chaplin (Disputed) 2 October 1943 Geraldine Leigh Chaplin Michael John Chaplin 31 July 1944 7 March 1946 Josephine Hannah Chaplin Victoria Chaplin Eugene Anthony Chaplin Jane Cecil Chaplin Annette Emily Chaplin Christopher James Chaplin 28 March 1949 19 May 1951 23 August 1953 23 May 1957 3 December 1959 6 July 1962 59 62 64 68 70 73 Orson Salkind (b. of which he was acquitted.
The only other film to receive a Special Award that year was The Jazz Singer. It was unveiled by Sir Ralph Richardson in 1981. in 1972. and thus did not meet the criterion for nomination until it was re-released in 1972. as Chaplin had originally been nominated for Best Production. it was felt that honouring him would damage both the reputation of the British honours system and relations with the United States. the voting audit procedures that now exists had not yet been put into place. the Academy decided to withdraw his name from all the competitive categories and instead give him a Special Award "for versatility and genius in acting. Chaplin's The Circus was set to be heavily recognised. and two Honorary Awards. Though the film had originally been released in 1952. and the categories were still very fluid. For writing. London Score. Statue of Chaplin in Leicester . the film did not play for one week in Los Angeles. Chaplin expressed disdain for the Academy Awards. but was vetoed after a Foreign Office report raised concerns over Chaplin's purported "communist" views and his moral behaviour in marrying two 16 year girls. he lost to Preston Sturges for The Great McGinty. that he had not been among those originally honoured in 1961 caused some controversy. • The 13th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1941. including two for Chaplin: Best Writing and Best Actor. • The 44th Academy Awards ceremony: Chaplin's second Oscar was awarded forty-three years after his first. Chaplin was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1970. Best Actor and Best Writing (Original Story). considered by several polls to be two of the greatest of all motion pictures.  A statue of Charlie Chaplin was made by John Doubleday. to stand in Leicester Square in London. Chaplin's screenplay for Monsieur Verdoux was nominated.Charlie Chaplin 24 Awards and recognition Chaplin was knighted in 1975 at the age of 85 as a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. Chaplin came out of exile to accept the Honorary Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century". but the award went instead to Sidney Sheldon for The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer. • The 20th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1948. The Great Dictator was nominated for five awards. Chaplin's film Limelight was honoured with an Oscar for Best Original Score. directing and producing The Circus". Among other recognitions. Chaplin received the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history. Chaplin lost out on both counts. Academy Awards Chaplin received three Academy Awards in his lifetime: one for Best Original Square. This may help explain why City Lights and Modern Times. United Kingdom. and for acting to James Stewart for The Philadelphia Story. Chaplin's Swiss mansion is to be opened as a museum tracing his life from the music halls in London to Hollywood fame. due to Chaplin's political difficulties at the time. • The 45th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1973.  were not nominated for a single Academy Award.  The honour had been first proposed in 1931. during his active years as a filmmaker. Stepping onto the stage of the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. County Kerry. A bronze statue of him is at Waterville. However. Best Director in a Comedy Picture. Knighthood was suggested again in 1956. writing. However. his son Charles Jr wrote that Chaplin invoked the ire of the Academy in the 1930s by jokingly using his 1929 Oscar as a doorstop. lasting a full twelve minutes. • The 1st Academy Awards ceremony: When the first Oscars were awarded on 16 May 1929.
and new restorations with even more footage were released on DVD in 2006.S. all of which have been selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry. discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina in 1981.. and Geraldine Chaplin playing the part of Charlie Chaplin's mother. County Kerry • In 1985. in Paris. makeup and costume. Today. • John Woo directed a parody film of Chaplin's "The Kid" called Hua ji shi dai (1981). a film was made about Chaplin's life entitled Chaplin. and starring Robert Downey. It is said that Chaplin once entered a "Chaplin look-alike" competition and came in third. Filmography and current rights issues Chaplin wrote. 3623 Chaplin. and in 1994 he appeared on a United States postage stamp designed by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld. in an Oscar-nominated performance. distribution is handled under license by Janus Films. and The Great Dictator (1940). Modern Times (1936). In the U. 34 Keystone films have been fully restored and published in October 2010 on a 4-dvd box set. is named after Chaplin. A listing of the dozens of Chaplin films and alternate versions can be found in the Ted Okuda-David Maska book Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp. City Lights (1931). Ince during a yachting party thrown by William Randolph Hearst. Thanks to The Chaplin Keystone Project. and starred in dozens of feature films and short subjects.Charlie Chaplin 25 Legacy Chaplin's "tramp" character is possibly the most imitated on all levels of entertainment. as of 2010. of which Chaplin was a guest. Chaplin was honoured with his image on a postage stamp of the United Kingdom. City Lights. Bronze statue at Waterville. • In 2001. French company MK2 acts as worldwide distribution agent for the Export company. which enforces the library's copyrights and decides how and when this material can be released. directed. silent film actor Billy West made more than 20 films as a comedian precisely imitating Chaplin's tramp character. The Gold Rush (1925). DePatie-Freleng Enterprises produced a cartoon series starring a Chaplin-like character called Baggy Pants. efforts to produce definitive versions of Chaplin's pre-1918 short films have come to a successful end: after ten years of research and clinical international cooperation work. directed by Oscar-winner Richard Attenborough. Jr. Three of these films made the AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies and AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) lists: The Gold Rush".S. and Modern Times. her own grandmother. also known as "Laughing Times. Highlights include The Immigrant (1917). • In 1992. which speculated about the still-unsolved death of producer Thomas H. All twelve Mutual films were restored in 1975 by archivist David Shepard and Blackhawk Films. with home . • Kamal Haasan moulded his character "Chaplin Chellappa" on Chaplin in the Tamil film Punnagai Mannan • From September to November 1977 (just before Chaplin's death in December of that year).A. • The third of composer Karl Amadeus Hartmann's 1929–30 composition Wachsfigurenkabinett: Fünf kleine Opern (Waxworks: Five Little Operas) is entitled 'Chaplin-Ford-Trot'. and features the character of Charlie Chaplin (in a speaking rather than operatic role). nearly all of Chaplin's output is owned by Roy Export S. The Cat's Meow. British comedian Eddie Izzard played Chaplin in Peter Bogdanovich's film." • A minor planet.  • From 1917 to 1918. • IBM ran a series of commercials for their personal computers during the 1980s featuring a Chaplin impersonator.
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"Chaplin's writing and directing collaborators" (http:/ / www. webcitation. 21. .  Higgins. html) on 18 November 2010.  "The Religious Affiliation of Charlie Chaplin" (http:/ / www. org/ 5uKhawMg7). Throughout the summer and autumn. com/ title/ tt0044837/ awards)  "Rolling Stone Music | Top Artists. com/ title/ tt0158310/ ) at the Internet Movie Database  Jones. html) on 18 November 2010. time.00. Time (magazine).20 on eBay" (http:/ / www. google. Time.  "Mann & Woman" (http:/ / www. com/ books/ 97/ 03/ 30/ reviews/ chaplin-obit. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series. 90. Stephen J.  Whitfield. overlooking the eastern end of Lake Geneva.  Richard Avedon: Darkness and Light (1996) American Masters. New York: Harry N.  "Chaplin Body Stolen From Swiss Grave. 43–44. com/ movie/ 1800072595/ awards). filmography. yahoo. Retrieved 21 April 2010. Routledge. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. The Guardian (London).00. 1927:Chaplin Divorce Settled: In our pages: 100. everyhit. Vagabundia. org/ 5uKhi5Htg). Chuck Amuck: The Life and Times of an Animated Cartoonist. Charlie Chaplin. .850389. com/ people/ pc/ Charlie_Chaplin. Chaplin and American Culture (http:/ / books. ISBN 978-0-8108-3432-3. PBS  "Charlie Chaplin Dead at 88. org/ web/ 20080415180557/ http:/ / www. net/ dictator. Brightest star of silent films (First ed. uk/ culture/ 2009/ nov/ 05/ charlie-chaplin-ebay-reel-tin) on 18 November 2010. . p. google. Retrieved 6 June 2010. British Envoy 'Appalled'. Retrieved 29 August 2010. "Collector finds unseen Charlie Chaplin film in tin sold for £3. co. adherents. php) 27  "Brooke Shields – Just Smile" (http:/ / www.net. Reviews. org/ 5uKhfnnuD). The Culture of the Cold War.  Vance. The art of Charlie Chaplin: a film-by-film analysis (http:/ / books. She fitted into a familiar pattern. died peacefully yesterday at his home in Switzerland. co. Retrieved 21 August 2007. Charles J. Two weeks after the contract was signed she became his mistress. com/ cgi-bin/ fg. com/ books?id=0EUoCrFolGcC). Retrieved 21 April 2010. page 187-192  "Names make news. "The body of Charlie Chaplin was stolen last night or early today from the grave where it was buried two months ago in a small cemetery in the Swiss village of Corsier-surVevey. Princeton University Press. com/ searchsec. 26 December 1977. ISBN 978-0-691-02860-6. Vehicle Apparently Used.  Limelight (1952) – Awards (http:/ / www. Rollingstone. 374. Lesbian Histories and Cultures (http:/ / books. pp. webcitation. Italy: Portaparole. html) on 18 November 2010. html).co.com. org/ 5uKhk0d9q). Retrieved 22 July 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.com. Rome. net/ chartsbritish.).com. 3 March 1978. 23 August 2002. org/ 5uKhmp10v). Ingeborg (2005). .  Maland. . By late summer of . 61 (illustrated ed. . webcitation. com/ title/ tt0032553/ ) at the Internet Movie Database  "The speech of the Great Dictator" (http:/ / www. New York Times. Charlotte (5 November 2009). . International Herald Tribune."  "Henri Langlois (1914–1977) – Find A Grave Memorial" (http:/ / www. 27 April 1953. org/ 5uKhhSIgP). ISBN 978-0-8109-4532-6.818302-2. Friday. 24. Retrieved 23 March 2011.  Zimmerman. 9 Feb. webcitation. www. 163. British Film Institute.com. com/ books?id=iu5kAAAAMAAJ). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. cgi?page=gr& GRid=1234) on 18 November 2010. became a Chaplin protegee in the summer of 1941. il/ en/ entry/ 8/ ) April 15. 23 August 2002. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . ISBN 978-0-380-71214-4)  everyHit. "Time Magazine.00. com/ books?id=hJhaiT7B04AC). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. .
Archived from the original (http:/ / www. org/ 5uKhyVna9). org/ 5uKhxpXpS).  Louvish. My father. Retrieved 21 July 2008. . (2003). stm) on 18 November 2010. 305. A&E Television Networks. Stan and Ollie.Charlie Chaplin 1942. p. com/ books?id=iSfU38xkO7AC). lankanewspapers. webcitation. com/ includes/ articles/ display_article. St. Lankanewspapers. webcitation. . Retrieved 5 September 2010. . webcitation. org/ awards/ academyawards/ about/ history."  Cult Movies . Archived from the original (http:/ / news. com/ ) on 18 November 2010.  Reynolds. New York: A&E Television Networks. webcitation. org/ 5uKhtLViW). p. p. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . 2006. Charlie Chaplin. webcitation. Chicago Reader. com/ books?id=yQtygrZJ_O4C& pg=PA275).com. asp). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Random House. co.  "Chaplin" (http:/ / www. www. org/ 5uKhnXEqW). BBC News. stm) on 18 November 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2010. time.  "Comic genius Chaplin is knighted" (http:/ / www.com. www. ISBN 978-0-312-32598-5. Simon (2005). com/ movies/ 100best. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. bbc. org/ 5uKhpOBNe). webcitation.chaplinmuseum. com/ time/ 2005/ 100movies/ the_complete_list.  "History of the Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. "Chaplin knighthood blocked" (http:/ / www. . "List-o-Mania: Or.com. com/ this-day-in-history/ charlie-chaplin-prepares-for-return-to-united-states-after-two-decades) on 18 November 2010. time. .  Chaplin. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. webcitation. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.  Gregory Paul Williams. Chaplin had decided that she was unsuited for his movie. Retrieved 15 February 2010.  Rosenbaum. 201. p. oscars. uk/ 1/ hi/ uk/ 2141391. html) on 18 November 2010.  "Charlie Chaplin prepares for return to United States after two decades" (http:/ / www. history.  London Gazette: (Supplement) no. Paul (21 July 2002). google. 109.  Or Charles Spencer Chaplin III because his grandfather was called Charles Spencer Chaplin.com.  Haining 1982. Retrieved 21 August 2007. org/ 5uKhsCfWm). google. uk/ film/ 2009/ nov/ 23/ charlie-chaplin-museum-swiss-mansion) on 18 November 2010.  "The Complete List – ALL-TIME 100 Movies – TIME Magazine" (http:/ / www. . my god". Retrieved 15 February 2010. webcitation. uk/ books?id=9W4R_CZtFe8C& pg=PA311& dq=charlie+ chaplin+ Hollywood+ Walk+ of+ Fame& client=firefox-a& cd=6#v=onepage& q=charlie chaplin Hollywood Walk of Fame& f=false). Retrieved 7 June 2010. Seth (1 August 2010). Her contract ended.co.Joan Barry: The Most (In)famous Actress to Never Appear on Screen (http:/ / www. Jr. Retrieved 23 March 2011. html) on 18 November 2010. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Jonathan (1998). org/ 5uKhwkm9T). Lutz D.  "Timeless Classic Punnagai Mannan: Movie Review – Sri Lanka" (http:/ / www. was admitted to Patton State Hospital (for the mentally ill) after she was found walking the streets barefoot. Sr. html) on 18 November 2010.. London: guardian. 33-year-old Joan Barry. Snopes.storyofhollywood. bbc. The Story of Hollywood: An Illustrated History. ISBN 978-0-9776299-0-9. 17 August 1953. history."  "Just Like the Movies" (http:/ / www. org/ 5uKhzGYBk). who won a 1946 paternity suit against the comedian. Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (http:/ / books. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. uk/ issues/ 46444/ supplements/ 8). Retrieved 15 February 2010. 28 . . Martin's Griffin. guardian. Fusion: Where You and God Connect (http:/ / books. . webcitation. google.858217. 8 (http:/ / www. Melissa. BBC. . . ISBN 9780828025478. uk/ onthisday/ hi/ dates/ stories/ march/ 4/ newsid_2794000/ 2794107. html) on 18 November 2010. . and his father could have been called Charles Spencer Chaplin. 2005.9171. 1974-12-31.00. com/ books?q=3623+ Chaplin+ 1981+ TC2) (5th ed. "Another Chaplin ex-protegee. webcitation.  Howell.  Schmadel. Time (magazine). Pierce. org/ 5uKi0MKdB). ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Charles (1960). New York: Springer Verlag. org/ 5uKhpymXs). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 46444. com/ this-day-in-history/ 6/ 16?catId=12) on 18 November 2010. google. the Roots of Comedy (http:/ / books. com/ news/ 2006/ 12/ 10556_space. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Retrieved 7 June 2010. org/ 5uKhurpZx).  "Charlie Chaplin museum to open in Swiss mansion" (http:/ / www. 23 November 2009. alternativereel. carrying a pair of baby sandals and a child's ring. webcitation. chaplinmuseum.com. How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love American Movies" (http:/ / www. page 311 (http:/ / books. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. com/ movies/ actors/ chaplin2.uk. london-gazette. php?id=00075)  "Charlie Chaplin marries Oona O’Neill" (http:/ / www.  "You All Look Alike" (http:/ / www. 4 March 1975. snopes. html) on 18 November 2010. . . Greg. Retrieved 15 February 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2010. . chicagoreader. co. co. . p. Archived from the original (http:/ / news.). Howell. co. 275. and murmuring: "This is magic. Retrieved 9 December 2009. Review and Herald Pub Assoc. co. Time.
1978.67. Simon & Schuster. Michel Comte & Sam Stourdze.au/0411/ 05-goldman.com/participant/participant.org/details/ CC_1914_02_07_KidsAutoRaceAtVenice) at the Internet Archive . Frind: Die Sprache als Propagandainstrument des Nationalsozialismus.news.21147402-5012142. gekürzt: wieder ebd. Abrams. first edition. Harmondsworth.php?query=mediatype:(texts) -contributor:gutenberg AND (subject:"Chaplin. • Double Exposure: Charlie Chaplin as Author and Celebrity (http://journal.org.com/artist/12334) at Allmovie • Films by. 129–135. 1995 and 1999. NBC Editions. 1974.au/heraldsun/story/0. 2005. ISBN 978-3-379-00125-0. 12. • Chaplin in Pictures. Charlie. about or starring Charlie Chaplin (http://www.charliechaplin. Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups.biography. iUniverse. 54 (germ. Jonathan Goldman. • Alistair Cooke: Six Men. ISBN 978-1-57886-004-3 (1999 edition). Leipzig: Reclam. 1964.org) • Biography • Charlie Chaplin Biography (http://www.jsp?participantId=32227) at the TCM Movie Database • Charlie Chaplin (http://www. M/C Journal 7.). Lanham: Scarecrow Press. David Robinson. 1964.allmovie. S.com/name/nm0000122/) at the Internet Movie Database • Charles Chaplin (http://tcmdb. • Victor Klemperer: LTI – Notizbuch eines Philologen.archive. • Charles Chaplin: My Life in Pictures. • Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. second edition 2001.com. New York. External links • Official sites • Charlie Chaplin Website (http://www. Fischer-Verlag. 1966. • Charles Chaplin: Die Geschichte meines Lebens. 76.. A. S. ISBN 978-2-913986-03-9. texts by Patrice Blouin.) 2004 (germ. Sam Stourdze (ed. • Chaplin: His Life and Art.5.archive.com/photo_essays. html) • Chaplin A Life: 40 Photo-Essays (http://www.com/) • The Charlie Chaplin Archive (http://www. Frankfurt am Main (19.org/search. Christian Delage and Sam Stourdze. (germ.00. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Charlie Chaplin" OR title:"Charlie Chaplin" OR description:"Charlie Chaplin")) at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated) • Filmography • Charlie Chaplin (http://www. 2006. Bodley Head. 3. Steidl. New York.html) • Works by or about Charlie Chaplin (http://www.) • Georgia Hale. (germ. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Chaplin. ISBN 978-0-8109-4532-6 • Charlie Chaplin: A Photo Diary.) • Chaplin: A Life by Stephen Weissman Arcade Publishing 2008. Jg.media-culture. McGraw-Hill.com/featured-biography/charlie-chaplin/) • Charlie Chaplin's Golden Silence (http://www. 2003.Charlie Chaplin 29 Further reading • Charles Chaplin: My Autobiography.imdb. • S.3. 1990.) • Charlie Chaplin Die Wurzeln meiner Komik in: Jüdische Allgemeine Wochenzeitung. Ted Okuda & David Maska. 2005.charliechaplinarchive. edited by Heather Kiernan.chaplinalife.. 359pp. ISBN 978-3-88243-792-8.4. Jeffrey Vance. Charlie. 2002. in: Muttersprache. hardcover.php).) • Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp.
html) • Top 10 Charlie Chaplin Movies (http://www.org/search.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0416.html) • Chaplin films at ednapurviance. 26 December 1977 Chaplin's Little Tramp.com/time/time100/artists/profile/chaplin.uk/chaplin/about. Charlie.org/chaplinfilmlists.co.org (http://ednapurviance.Charlie Chaplin • more Chaplin films at the Internet Archive (http://www.co.top10films. Charlie.archive.garenewing. an Everyman Trying to Gild Cage of Life. php?query=-contributor:gutenberg AND (subject:"Chaplin.time.uk/archives/337) kbd:Чарли Чаплин 30 . 1889-1977" OR creator:"Charlie Chaplin" OR title:"Charlie Chaplin" OR description:"Charlie Chaplin") AND mediatype:movies) • Others • Obituary.html) • About Chaplin UK (http://www. Enthralled World (http://www. NY Times.html) • The TIME 100: Charlie Chaplin (http://www.nytimes. 1889-1977" OR creator:"Chaplin.
to better explain the joke. an actual race with Chaplin and his co-stars improvising gags in front of real-life spectators. Synopsis Made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. The spectator keeps getting in the way of the camera and interferes with the race. In so doing it takes on a spectator's viewpoint and becomes one of the first public films to show the film camera and cameraman in operation. in it Chaplin plays a spectator at a 'baby-cart race' in California.Kid Auto Races at Venice 31 Kid Auto Races at Venice Kid Auto Races at Venice Theatrical poster for Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Charles Chaplin Henry Lehrman Frank D. Unusually the camera "comes out of shot" to show a second camera filming (as though it were the first). . The film was shot during the Junior Vanderbilt Cup . not the actual filming camera. Williams Billy Jacobs Charlotte Fitzpatrick Thelma Salter Gordon Griffith Enrique Juan Vallejo Frank D. At this stage Chaplin only gets in the way of the visible camera on screen. causing great frustration to the public and participants. Williams Keystone Studios February 7. 1914 11 minutes United States Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English (Original titles) Kid Auto Races At Venice is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin in which his "Little Tramp" character makes his first appearance.
org.archive.Boy Charlotte Fitzpatrick . bfi. Williams .Tramp • Henry Lehrman . the other being members of the public. Lehrman and Williams were the only professional players.uk/Kid_Auto_Races_at_Venice) at The Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www. (http://www.com/title/tt0004189/) at the Internet Movie Database • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www.imdb.A different version which is missing the ending. Cal. org. References External links • Kid Auto Races at Venice.charliechaplin. (http:/ / www. uk/ resources/ bfi/ filmog/ film.Kid Auto Races at Venice 32 Cast • Charlie Chaplin .org/details/TheKidAutoRaceinVenice) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Kid Auto Races at Venice (http://www.Film Director • Frank D. charliechaplin.  Brent Walker (quoted by the BFI (http:/ / chaplin. British Film Institute.Girl Thelma Salter .archive.Girl   Gordon Griffith . php?fid=59428)) maintains that Chaplin.org. Cal.  Kids Auto Races at Venice. uk/ Kid_Auto_Races_at_Venice) at The Charlie Chaplin Encyclopedia  Theodore Huff (1944) An Index to the Films of Charlie Chaplin.Cameraman • • • • Billy Jacobs .Boy Notes Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914): Chaplin's 2nd film and debut of the "Tramp" character. .org/details/CC_1914_02_07_KidsAutoRaceAtVenice) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .
Williams Keystone Studios 9 February 1914 17 minutes United States Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Strange Predicament is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Mabel Normand and Charles Chaplin. I added a small mustache. I did not like my get-up as the press reporter [in Making a Living]. Normand. But the moment I was dressed. Interestingly. a cane and a derby hat. the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was. However on the way to the wardrobe I thought I would dress in baggy pants. (released Feb 9th 1914) was produced a few days before. As Chaplin recalled in his autobiography: "I had no idea what makeup to put on. My Autobiography: 154). John Enrique Juan Vallejo Frank D. which I reasoned. Chaplin's Tramp is shown swigging from a flask toward the beginning of the film and . big shoes. I began to know him. who had written and directed films before Chaplin. his third film in order of release. would add age without hiding my expression. I wanted everything to be a contradiction: the pants baggy. I had no idea of the character. It was for this film that Chaplin first conceived of and played the Tramp. the hat small and the shoes large. the coat tight. I was undecided whether to look old or young. The Tramp was first presented to the public in Chaplin's second film Kid Auto Races at Venice (released Feb 7th 1914) though Mabel's Strange Predicament. and by the time I walked on stage he was fully born" (Chaplin. mentored the young comedian.Mabel's Strange Predicament 33 Mabel's Strange Predicament Mabel's Strange Predicament Mabel Normand Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Alice Davenport Harry McCoy Hank Mann Al St. but remembering Sennet had expected me to be a much older man. Mabel's Strange Predicament is one of more than a dozen early films that writer/director/comedienne Mabel Normand made with Chaplin.
gets tied up in her dog's leash. not to mention the staggeringly drunken Tramp. They run through various rooms. Mabel ends up in one of an elderly husband where she hides under the bed... and falls down. Tramp Mabel Normand . soon attacking Mabel. imdb...org (viewable and downloadable movie) References  http:/ / www.. locked out of her room. Mabel Chester Conklin . her husband. Hotel Guest Al St. archive. a touch that Chaplin abandoned later in his career. Bellboy External links • Mabel's Strange Predicament  at the Internet Movie Database • Mabel's Strange Predicament  at archive.. org/ details/ CC_1914_02_09_MabelsStrangePredicament . Wife Harry McCoy . com/ title/ tt0004284/  http:/ / www. He later runs into her in the hotel corridor. Mabel. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin ..Mabel's Strange Predicament subsequently becoming so drunk that he staggers when he walks and falls down repeatedly near the end. Lover Hank Mann . Husband Alice Davenport .... The Tramp also keeps his derby cocked throughout the proceedings.. John . His portrayal of drunkenness remains convincingly realistic... Enters the jealous wife. and Mabel's lover.. 34 Plot In a hotel lobby a heavily drunk Charlie runs into an elegant lady.
they engage in a fight which eventually involves Chaplin.Policeman's Lady Friend .Lady in Distress Sadie Lampe . Ford Sterling. and asked her to wait for him as he goes to get something to help her. who fight over the chance to help a young woman (Clifton) cross a muddy street. Sterling first sees the woman trying to cross and offers her an umbrella he stole from a policeman.Rival Masher Chester Conklin . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Mutual Film Corporation February 28. he was indignant that the woman did not wait for him to come back to help her cross the muddy street. and demands the umbrella back. While Sterling and Chaplin go to get the logs.Masher Ford Sterling . When the woman refused. It starred Charlie Chaplin. and Chester Conklin. Cast • • • • • Charlie Chaplin . Emma Bell Clifton. Plot Chaplin and Sterling play two young men.Policeman Emma Bell Clifton . a policeman (Conklin) lifts the woman across the street. When Sterling returns with the log. Then Chaplin comes along and offers the woman to help her cross as well and wait for his return.Between Showers 35 Between Showers Between Showers Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Henry Lehrman Mack Sennett Reed Heustis Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. 1914 15 minutes United States English Between Showers is a 1914 short film made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. Masher and Rival Masher.
allmovie. com/ work/ 150056 . org/ details/ CC_1914_02_28_BetweenShowers  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0003679/  http:/ / www. imdb.Between Showers 36 External links • Between Showers  at the Internet Movie Database • Between Showers  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Between Showers  at Allmovie References  http:/ / www. archive.
and is shoved by the female star. Charlie is blamed.Himself Plot Charlie goes to the movie and falls in love with a girl on the screen. He disrupts the shooting of a film.The Keystone Girl Mabel Normand .Mabel Ford Sterling . Roscoe Arbuckle. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 2 March 1914 15 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) A Film Johnnie is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin. gets squirted with a firehose.The Film Johnnie Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Himself Virginia Kirtley . and a fire breaks out. and Mabel Normand. He goes to Keystone Studios to find her. External links • A Film Johnnie  at the Internet Movie Database • A Film Johnnie  at archive.org (viewable and downloadable movie) .A Film Johnnie 37 A Film Johnnie A Film Johnnie Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Roscoe Arbuckle Virginia Kirtley Mabel Normand Ford Sterling Cinematography Frank D.
imdb. with a drunken Chaplin. archive. The action takes place in a dance hall. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 9 March 1914 12 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Tango Tangles is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin and Fatty Arbuckle. . com/ title/ tt0003961/  http:/ / www.A Film Johnnie 38 References  http:/ / www. Ford Sterling. org/ details/ CC_1914_03_02_FilmJohnny Tango Tangles Tango Tangles Theatrical poster to Tango Tangles Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Ford Sterling Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Chester Conklin Minta Durfee Cinematography Frank D. menacing. and the huge. Chaplin appears with no moustache. and acrobatic Arbuckle fighting over a girl.
Clarinettist Chester Conklin .Tipsy Dancer Ford Sterling . org/ details/ CC_1914_08_13_CharliesRecreation . archive.Tango Tangles 39 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Guest in Police Costume Minta Durfee . com/ title/ tt0004670/  http:/ / www. imdb.Band leader Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Guest External links • Tango Tangles  at the Internet Movie Database • Watchable and downloadable movie  at archive.org References  http:/ / www.
Cast • Charles Chaplin .Drunken masher • Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle . org/ details/ CC_1914_03_16_HisFavoritePasttime . Charlie drinks some more and engages in rogue behaviors with others.His Favourite Pastime 40 His Favourite Pastime His Favourite Pastime Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Viola Barry Cinematography Frank D. imdb. only to retreat after the woman's father returns. eventually getting kicked out of the house. tries to flirt with her. meets a pretty woman. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios March 16. archive. Synopsis Charlie gets drunk in the bar. com/ title/ tt0004091/  http:/ / www. follows the woman home. sees the woman leaving. 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles His Favourite Pastime is a 1914 American comedy film starring Charlie Chaplin.Shabby drunk • Viola Barry . and proceeds to make a nuisance of himself. Returning to the bar.org (viewable and downloadable movie) References  http:/ / www.Beautiful lady External links • His Favourite Pastime  at the Internet Movie Database • His Favourite Pastime  at archive. He finally leaves the bar. He steps outside.
was the wife of fellow Keystone actor.Lord Helpus' Butler Minta Durfee .The Lady Eva Nelson . English (Original titles) Cruel. United States Silent film. He is a rich. Cruel Love 41 Cruel. Cruel Love is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin. Plot This early Chaplin film has him playing a character quite different from the Tramp for which he would become famous. Cruel Love Cruel. 1914 16 min.Cruel. Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Mutual Film Corporation March 26. Dovey Edgar Kennedy . upper-class gentleman whose romance is endangered when his girlfriend oversees him being embraced by a maid. Cruel Love Theatrical poster to Cruel. Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. Cruel Love (1914) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Edgar Kennedy Minta Durfee Alice Davenport Glen Cavender Billy Gilbert Chester Conklin (uncredited) Cinematography Frank D. Chaplin's romantic interest in this film.Lord Helpus/Mr. Minta Durfee.Maid .
Cruel.org (viewable. imdb. com/ title/ tt0003805/ . org/ details/ CC_1914_03_26_CruelCruelLove  http:/ / www. Cruel Love 42 Rediscovery Cruel. Cruel Love was then copied and its original two reel format is available for sale. Cruel Love  at archive. downloadable movie) • Cruel. Cruel. External links • Cruel. archive. Cruel Love  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. Cruel Love was presumed a lost film for 50 years until a rather good complete nitrate copy was discovered in South America.
The Star Boarder 43 The Star Boarder The Star Boarder Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Nichols Mack Sennett Craig Hutchinson Charles Chaplin Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Gordon Griffith Alice Davenport Cinematography Frank D. and the other boarders are jealous. Synopsis Charlie is the favorite of his landlady. com/ title/ tt0004637/  http:/ / www.org (viewable. imdb.Their son Alice Davenport . archive.Landlady's husband Gordon Griffith .The Star Boarder Minta Durfee .Landlady Edgar Kennedy .Landlady's friend External links • The Star Boarder  at the Internet Movie Database • The Star Boarder (aka The Landlady's Pet)  at archive. downloadable movie) References  http:/ / www. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 April 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Star Boarder is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charlie Chaplin. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . org/ details/ CC_1914_04_04_TheLandladysPet .
and directed by Mabel Normand and Mack Sennett.Villain Mabel Normand .Henchman Joe Bordeaux . Mabel manages to gain a lead of three laps. competing with his rival's race car. Charlie with his henchmen. offers Mabel a ride on his motorcycle but drops her in a puddle. But Mabel decides to take the wheels in his place. They seem to succeed for a while.Mabel's boyfriend Chester Conklin . but their dirty tricks were not enough to stop the high-spirited Mabel from winning the race. Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . He also kidnaps his rival before the race.Reporter Al St. John Joe Bordeaux Mack Swain William Hauber Cinematography Frank D.Spectator William Hauber . As the race progresses.Mabel at the Wheel 44 Mabel at the Wheel Mabel at the Wheel Directed by Produced by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Chester Conklin Mack Sennett Al St.Mabel's co-driver . thus causing a threat to Charlie. despite a very late start.Mabel's father Mack Sennett . tries to sabotage the race by using oil and bombs on the track. John . Synopsis Charlie.Dubious character Mack Swain .Mabel Harry McCoy . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 18 April 1914 18 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel at the Wheel is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand.
imdb.Mabel at the Wheel 45 External links • Mabel at the Wheel  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0004277/ .
1914 20 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Twenty Minutes of Love is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios.Victim Hank Mann .Pickpocket Minta Durfee . It was the first film directed by Charlie Chaplin. org/ details/ CC_1914_04_20_TwentyMinutesofLove .Sleeper External links • Twenty Minutes of Love  at the Internet Movie Database • Twenty Minutes of Love  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Edgar' Girl Edgar Kennedy .Lover Gordon Griffith . archive.Boy Chester Conklin . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 20 April.Pickpocket Josef Swickard . Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Twenty Minutes of Love 46 Twenty Minutes of Love Twenty Minutes of Love Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Gordon Griffith Chester Conklin Josef Swickard Hank Mann Cinematography Frank D. com/ title/ tt0004736/  http:/ / www. imdb.
He then is invited to a garden party where he gets in trouble with the girl's jealous boyfriend. Mabel Normand wrote and directed comedies before Chaplin and mentored her young co-star.Caught in a Cabaret 47 Caught in a Cabaret Caught in a Cabaret Caught in a Cabaret in a French re-issue as Charlot Garçon de Bar Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Chester Conklin Edgar Kennedy Minta Durfee Phyllis Allen Frank D. Williams Keystone Studios 27 April 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Caught in a Cabaret is a short film from 1914 starring Charlie Chaplin and the film's writer/director Mabel Normand. . Chaplin plays a waiter who fakes being a Greek Ambassador to impress a girl.
Mabel Harry McCoy . org/ details/ CC_1914_04_27_CaughtinaCaberet .Party guest External links • Caught in a Cabaret  at the Internet Movie Database • Caught in a Cabaret  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0003758/  http:/ / www.Mother Gordon Griffith .Cafe proprietor Minta Durfee .Party Guest Hank Mann .Waiter Edgar Kennedy .Cabaret Patron Wallace MacDonald . imdb.Dancer Josef Swickard .Lover Chester Conklin . archive.Boy Alice Howell .Dancer Phyllis Allen .Caught in a Cabaret 48 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Waiter Mabel Normand .Father Alice Davenport .
Hotel guest External links • Caught in the Rain  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 May 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) Caught in the Rain is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .Wife Alice Howell .Caught in the Rain 49 Caught in the Rain Caught in the Rain Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Alice Davenport Alice Howell Cinematography Frank D.Tipsy hotel guest Mack Swain . imdb. This film was the first of many movies that Charlie Chaplin both directed and starred.Husband Alice Davenport . com/ title/ tt0003760/ .
org/ details/ CC_1914_05_07_ABusyDay . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios Mutual Film May 7. allmovie. On her way to attack the couple. 1914 6 minutes United States English A Busy Day is a 1914 short film starring Charlie Chaplin and Mack Swain. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin as Wife Mack Swain as Husband Phyllis Allen as The Other Woman Mack Sennett as Film director Billy Gilbert as Police officer External links • A Busy Day  at the Internet Movie Database • A Busy Day  at Allmovie • A Busy Day  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.A Busy Day 50 A Busy Day A Busy Day Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. the wife interrupts the set of a film. archive. knocking over a film director and a police officer. a wife becomes jealous of her husband's interest in another woman. Plot In A Busy Day. imdb. Finally. com/ work/ 150300  http:/ / www. the husband pushes the wife off of a pier and she falls into the harbor. com/ title/ tt0003733/  http:/ / www.
and play dirty. Normand. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 1 June 1914 18 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Fatal Mallet is a 1914 American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. mentored the young comedian. throwing bricks and using a mallet.Another rival . The film was written and directed by Mack Sennett. Charlie and one suitor teams up against the third. The Fatal Mallet is one of more than a dozen early films that writer/director/comedienne Mabel Normand made with Charles Chaplin.Mabel Mack Sennett . Charlie double-crosses his partner. thus losing his trust and the girl in the end. who had written and directed films before Chaplin.The Fatal Mallet 51 The Fatal Mallet The Fatal Mallet Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Cinematography Frank D.Suitor Mabel Normand .Rival suitor Mack Swain . Synopsis Three men will fight for the love of a charming girl. However. who also portrays one of Chaplin's rivals for Normand's attention (Sennett and Normand were offscreen lovers during this period). Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .
org/ details/ CC_1914_06_01_TheFatalMallet . imdb. com/ title/ tt0003934/  http:/ / www.The Fatal Mallet 52 External links • The Fatal Mallet  at the Internet Movie Database • The Fatal Mallet  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. archive.
Mabel • Charles Murray .Bandit • Mabel Normand . Cast • Charles Chaplin . imdb. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 4 June 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Her Friend the Bandit is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. both of whom co-directed the movie. This is Chaplin's only lost film as no copy is known to exist.Her Friend the Bandit 53 Her Friend the Bandit Her Friend the Bandit Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Charles Murray Cinematography Frank D. com/ title/ tt0004074/ .Count de Beans External links • Her Friend the Bandit  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.
.The Knockout 54 The Knockout The Knockout Theatrical poster to The Knockout Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Avery Mack Sennett Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Minta Durfee Edgar Kennedy Charles Chaplin Frank Opperman Al St. Mack Sennett in a minor role as a spectator. John Hank Mann Mack Swain Cinematography Frank D. Chaplin only has a small role. The film was directed by Charles Avery. Edgar Kennedy and Keystone owner. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 11 June 1914 27 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Knockout (1914) was Charlie Chaplin's seventeenth film for Keystone Studios. Minta Durfee. and Fatty Arbuckle takes up the main role. It also stars Arbuckle's wife. and made in 1914 in America.
The Knockout 55 Cast • • • • • • • • Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle .Pug's girlfriend Edgar Kennedy . John .Tough Mack Swain .Pug Minta Durfee . com/ title/ tt0004194/ .Referee Frank Opperman .Fight promoter Al St. imdb.Pug's rival Hank Mann .Gambler External links • The Knockout  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.Cyclone Flynn Charles Chaplin .
Spectator Edgar Kennedy .Mabel's Busy Day 56 Mabel's Busy Day Mabel's Busy Day Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mabel Normand Mack Sennett Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Chester Conklin Slim Summerville Billie Bennett Harry McCoy Wallace MacDonald Edgar Kennedy Al St.Tough hotdog customer Al St.Hotdog thief Wallace MacDonald . Synopsis Mabel tries to sell hot dogs at a car race.Policeman Billie Bennett . Chaos ensues. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Policeman Charley Chase .Tipsy nuisance Mabel Normand . John .Spectator . Mabel finds out that Charlie has stolen them and sends the police after him. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 13 June 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Busy Day is a 1914 short starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. the film was also written and directed by Mabel Normand. Charlie finds them and gives them away to the hungry spectators at the track as Mabel frantically tries to find her lost box of hot dogs.Woman Harry McCoy .Police sergeant Slim Summerville .Mabel Chester Conklin . She sets down the box of hot dogs and leaves them for a moment. but isn't doing a very good job at it. John Charley Chase Mack Sennett Henry Lehrman Cinematography Frank D.
Spectator 57 External links • Mabel's Busy Day  at the Internet Movie Database • Mabel's Busy Day  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Customer • Henry Lehrman .Mabel's Busy Day • Mack Sennett . com/ title/ tt0004280/ . imdb.
Man in bar Wallace MacDonald . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 20 June 1914 17 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Mabel's Married Life is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring and co-written by Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Wellington Eva Nelson .Wellington's wife Hank Mann .Tough in bar Charles Murray . As was so often the case during his first year in film.Delivery boy . Synopsis Mabel goes home after being humiliated by a masher whom her husband won't fight.Delivery boy Al St.Mabel's Husband Mabel Normand . John . The husband goes off to a bar and gets drunk. and directed by Chaplin.Mabel Mack Swain . Chaplin's character is soon staggering drunk.Man in bar Harry McCoy .Mabel's Married Life 58 Mabel's Married Life Mabel's Married Life Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Cinematography Frank D.
imdb. com/ title/ tt0004282/ .Mabel's Married Life 59 External links • Mabel's Married Life  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.
Patient (uncredited) .Dentist's Wife Joseph Sutherland .Patient Gene Marsh .Patient Mack Swain . It is also known as "Busy Little Dentist". "Down and Out".Laughing Gas (1914 film) 60 Laughing Gas (1914 film) Laughing Gas Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. At one point Charlie pulls the wrong tooth from an unfortunate patient. gets in a fight with a man who receives a brick in the face. He also pulls the skirt off of the dentist's wife while she is outside walking. Plot Although only a dental assistant. the Dentist Alice Howell . thus becoming another dental patient.Dr. Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Williams Editing by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin 9 July 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Laughing Gas is a 1914 film starring Charlie Chaplin. After receiving too much anesthesia. "Laffing Gas".Patient Josef Swickard . "The Dentist". using over sized pliers. Charlie is then sent to the drug store by the dentist. a patient can't stop laughing. so Charlie knocks him out with a club. Pain.Short Assistant Slim Summerville . and "Tuning His Ivories".Dentist's Assistant Fritz Schade . Charlie pretends to be the dentist.
com/ title/ tt0004210/  http:/ / www.Laughing Gas (1914 film) 61 External links • Laughing Gas  at the Internet Movie Database • Laughing Gas  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_07_09_LaffingGas . archive. imdb.
allowing Charlie to step in. ranging from delight to booing. all of which we see is: The "Goo-Goo Sisters". "Sorrow" a drama performed by a man and woman. Once the dressing-room issue is resolved the next issue is getting everyone on stage with the correct backdrop. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 1 August 1914 31 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Property Man is a short 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. billed as comediennes. two young girls dancing "Garlico" and his Feets of Strength (sic). . Small caricatures on the wall indicate both the stars and the head of what can only be Charlie Chaplin with the word "PROPS" below. a strong-man aided by his beautiful assistant who gets knocked out just before she goes on stage. The order of performance. Synopsis Charlie is in charge of stage "props" and has trouble with actors' luggage and conflicts over who gets the star's dressing room. During the performances we see the audience reaction throughout.The Property Man 62 The Property Man The Property Man Theatrical poster to The Property Man Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Phyllis Allen Alice Davenport Charles Bennett Mack Sennett Norma Nichols Joe Bordeaux Harry McCoy Lee Morris Cinematography Frank D.
We see him lose his hat on one side.The Property Man Backstage Charlie and an old man fight. 63 Trivia The first section contains one of the first continuity errors. and on the other his hat is instantly back on his head. imdb.Actress Charles Bennett . archive. Whilst early films often lack any logical progression and could be claimed to be riddled with such. Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Man in audience External links • The Property Man  at the Internet Movie Database • Charolot Gargon De Theater (French version of The Property Man)  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0004499/  http:/ / www.Drunk in audience Lee Morris .Man in audience Norma Nichols .Old actor Harry McCoy .George Ham.Vaudeville artist Joe Bordeaux .Lena Fat Alice Davenport . there is a point intended to run smoothly from one room to another where Charlie is burdened with a very heavy chest on his back. org/ details/ CC_1914_08_01_CharolotGargonDeTheater . and a hose brought out behind the scenes ends up squirted over them. The audience also break into a fight.The Property Man Phyllis Allen . Lena's husband Mack Sennett . often distrupting the on-stage performances.
Drinker Harry McCoy . He keeps futilely trying to draw the woman's picture on the floor with a piece of chalk until he finally passes out cold (or perhaps dies. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 10 August 1914 14 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Face on the Bar Room Floor is a short film written and directed by Charles Chaplin in 1914. devastated by losing the woman he was courting as a wealthy man. Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Madeleine Fritz Schade .Drinker Hank Mann .Artist/Tramp Cecile Arnold . Synopsis A painter turned tramp (Charlie Chaplin).Drinker Vivian Edwards .Drinker Wallace MacDonald . as in the poem) at the end of the film.Model Chester Conklin . loosely based on the poem of the same name by Hugh Antoine d'Arcy. finds himself drunk and getting drunker by the minute with some sailors at a bar until he's literally falling down. Chaplin stars in this film.The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) 64 The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) The Face on the Bar Room Floor Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Hugh Antoine d'Arcy (poem) Charles Chaplin Cecile Arnold Fritz Schade Vivian Edwards Chester Conklin Harry McCoy Hank Mann Wallace MacDonald Cinematography Frank D.Drinker .
archive.The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) 65 External links • The Face on the Bar Room Floor  at the Internet Movie Database • The Face on the Bar Room Floor  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_08_10_FaceOnTheBarroomFloor . com/ title/ tt0003923/  http:/ / www. imdb.
Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 13 August 1914 7 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Recreation is a short comedy film written. Cast • Charles Chaplin . com/ title/ tt0004518/ . directed. and starring Charlie Chaplin.Tramp External links • Recreation  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.Recreation (film) 66 Recreation (film) Recreation Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Cinematography Frank D. It was released on 13 August 1914. imdb.
but Charlie never makes it into the film. Synopsis Charlie plays an actor who bungles several scenes and is kicked out. The plot involving a man dressing up as a woman is quite popular in old silent movies.Film actor Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle . Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Leading lady . It is the tenth film directed and the second written by Chaplin.Film actor Chester Conklin .Film actor Charles Murray . Its running time is 16 minutes.Actor/villain Minta Durfee .The Masquerader 67 The Masquerader The Masquerader Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Chester Conklin Charles Murray Fritz Schade Minta Durfee Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Harry McCoy Charley Chase Cinematography Frank D. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 27 August 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Masquerader is a 1914 film written and directed by Charles Chaplin and starring Chaplin and Roscoe Arbuckle. He returns convincingly dressed as a lady and charms the director.Film director Fritz Schade .
html?v_id=152546  http:/ / www.Actress Vivian Edwards . com/ gst/ movies/ movie.Actress Harry McCoy .Actor Charley Chase . archive.The Masquerader • • • • Cecile Arnold . org/ details/ CC_1914_08_27_TheMasquerader . com/ title/ tt0004311/  http:/ / movies2.Actor 68 External links • The Masquerader  at the Internet Movie Database • New York Times Review  • The Masquerader  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. nytimes. imdb.
His New Profession 69 His New Profession His New Profession Theatrical poster to His New Profession Directed by Produced by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Jess Dandy Charley Chase Cecile Arnold Harry McCoy Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle Minta Durfee Charles Murray Cinematography Frank D. The film involves Chaplin taking care of a man in a wheelchair. It is also known as "The-Good-For-Nothing". . Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Keystone Studios August 31. 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His New Profession is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin.
com/ title/ tt0004101/  http:/ / www.Policeman Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle . archive.Girl with eggs Harry McCoy .Woman (uncredited) Charles Murray .Charlie Jess Dandy . imdb.Nephew Cecile Arnold .Bartender Helen Carruthers . org/ details/ CC_1914_08_31_TheGoodforNothing .Drinker (uncredited) External links • His New Profession  at the Internet Movie Database • His New Profession  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.His New Profession 70 Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Invalid uncle Charley Chase .
John as Bellhop/Waiter • Jess Dandy as Diner • Wallace MacDonald as Diner • Charley Chase as Diner Uncredited cast • Billy Gilbert as Doorman in blackface . Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Keystone Studios 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Rounders is a 1914 comedy short starring Charles Chaplin and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. Cast • Charles Chaplin as Reveller • Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle as Charlie's Neighbor • Phyllis Allen as Charlie's Wife • Minta Durfee as Fatty's Wife • Al St. The film involves two drunks fighting with their wives who then go out to get even drunker. and was written and directed by Charles Chaplin.The Rounders (1914 film) 71 The Rounders (1914 film) The Rounders Theatrical poster to The Rounders Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Roscoe Arbuckle Cinematography Frank D.
imdb. Cline as Hotel Guest in Lobby Ted Edwards as Cop William Hauber as Waiter Edgar Kennedy in Bit Part 72 External links • The Rounders  at the Internet Movie Database • The Rounders Archive [more]  available for free download at the Internet Chaplin and Arbuckle sink into a lake in the final scene of The Rounders References  http:/ / www. archive.The Rounders (1914 film) • • • • • • Cecile Arnold as Hotel Guest Dixie Chene as Diner Edward F. org/ details/ CC_1914_09_07_TheRounders . com/ title/ tt0004546/  http:/ / www.
and a precursor to a key Essanay Studios short. Comedy flows from within the story rather than as a by-product of story.The New Janitor 73 The New Janitor The New Janitor Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Jess Dandy John T.Bank Secretary . The Bank. John. unusual to the comedy factory of Mack Sennett.Elevator boy Helen Carruthers .Bank President John T. one of the junior managers (Dillon) is being threatened with exposure by his bookie for gambling debts unpaid. Dillon Al St. Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Dillon . The film is arguably one of his best for the studio. Chaplin comes to the rescue only to be misjudged by the Chief Banker as the thief. Dillon. Al St.Janitor Jess Dandy . Plot The hero. The Secretary fingers the manager and Charlie receives a just reward and a handshake for foiling the robbery. and Helen Carruthers. Thus the manager decides to steal from the company.Villainous manager Al St. which stars among Sennett's bit players Jess Dandy. The film also demonstrates the differences that Chaplin had with Keystone comedy --. a janitor played by Chaplin. John T. After all this is a typical bank robbery storyline. is fired from work for accidentally knocking his bucket of water out the window and onto his boss the chief banker (Tandy). John . The film. John Cinematography Frank D.this film is a coherent whole in which the stock characters actually fill some emotional center. Chaplin brings a certain complexity to his janitor. He is caught in the act of raiding the vault by the bank secretary (Carruthers) who rings the downstairs for help. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 14 September 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The New Janitor was the 27th comedy from Keystone Studios to feature Charlie Chaplin. is far more centered and clear in direction. Meanwhile.
com/ title/ tt0004395/  http:/ / www. archive. org/ details/ CC_1914_09_14_TheNewJanitor .The New Janitor 74 External links • The New Janitor  at the Internet Movie Database • The New Janitor  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. imdb.
Rival • Cecile Arnold .Those Love Pangs 75 Those Love Pangs Those Love Pangs Theatrical poster to Those Love Pangs Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Cinematography Frank D. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 10 October 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Those Love Pangs is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Synopsis Charlie and a rival vie for the favors of their landlady.Blonde girl • Vivian Edwards . Cast • Charles Chaplin .Masher • Chester Conklin .Landylady External links • Those Love Pangs  at the Internet Movie Database • Those Love Pangs Archive [more]  available for free download at the Internet .Brunette girl • Helen Carruthers .
Williams Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Sydney Chaplin Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Mutual Film Corporation October 26. 1914 33 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Dough and Dynamite is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. . com/ title/ tt0004693/  http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_10_10_TheRivalMashers Dough and Dynamite Dough and Dynamite Theatrical poster for Dough and Dynamite Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Chester Conklin Fritz Schade Norma Nichols Cecile Arnold Vivian Edwards Phyllis Allen John Francis Dillon Edgar Kennedy Slim Summerville Charley Chase Wallace MacDonald Cinematography Frank D.Those Love Pangs 76 References  http:/ / www. imdb. archive.
org/ details/ DoughandDynamite .Customer Wallace MacDonald . the Baker's Wife Cecile Arnold .Customer External links • Dough and Dynamite  at the Internet Movie Database • Dough and Dynamite  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Customer Edgar Kennedy . the striking cooks put dynamite in the dough.Customer Phyllis Allen . with explosive results. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . imdb.Pierre Chester Conklin . Bakery Owner Norma Nichols . archive.Striking baker Charley Chase (as Charles Parrott) .Dough and Dynamite 77 Plot The story involves Chaplin and Chester Conklin working as waiters at a restaurant where the cooks go on strike.Waitress Vivian Edwards .Monsieur La Vie. com/ title/ tt0003863/  http:/ / www.Customer John Francis Dillon .Mme. When the two are forced to work as bakers. La Vie.Striking baker Slim Summerville .Jacques Fritz Schade .
Mabel Chester Conklin .Policeman Alice Davenport . the friend gets stuck and a policeman shows up.Mr. Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 29 October 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Gentlemen of Nerve is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand. Synopsis Mabel and her beau go to an auto race and are joined by Charlie and his friend. Wow-Woe Mabel Normand .Gentlemen of Nerve 78 Gentlemen of Nerve Gentlemen of Nerve Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Chester Conklin Mack Swain Phyllis Allen Edgar Kennedy Alice Davenport Cinematography Frank D. Walrus Phyllis Allen .Patron .Ambrose Mack Swain .Flirty woman Edgar Kennedy .Mr. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . As Charlie's friend is attempting to enter the raceway through a hole.
archive.Gentlemen of Nerve 79 External links • Gentlemen of Nerve  at the Internet Movie Database • Gentlemen of Nerve  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0004007/  http:/ / www. imdb. org/ details/ CC_1914_10_29_CharlottMabelAuxCourses .
Synopsis Charlie and his partner are to deliver a piano to 666 Prospect St. piano mover Mack Swain . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 7 November 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Musical Career (Also known as "Musical Tramp") is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Charlie. and repossess one from 999 Prospect St.Mr Poor Cecile Arnold .Mrs Rich .Piano store manager Fritz Schade .His Musical Career 80 His Musical Career His Musical Career Directed by Produced by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Charley Chase Fritz Schade Frank Hayes Cecile Arnold Cinematography Frank D.Mike Charley Chase (as Charles Parrott) .Mr Rich Frank Hayes .
com/ title/ tt0004100/  http:/ / www.His Musical Career 81 External links • His Musical Career  at the Internet Movie Database • His Musical Career  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. archive. imdb. org/ details/ CC_1914_11_07_MusicalTramps .
Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 9 November 1914 32 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Trysting Place is a short 1914 film starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand. but Charlie sparks another fight between the other couple by showing his friend's wife the love letter that was in his pocket. Charlie's wife finds the letter and thinks he has a secret lover and Ambrose's wife believes he has an illegitimate child.His Trysting Place 82 His Trysting Place His Trysting Place Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Mack Sennett Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Mabel Normand Mack Swain Phyllis Allen Cinematography Frank D. Controversy arises in the park between Charlie and his wife and Ambrose and his wife. . Charlie was going to pick up a baby bottle and Ambrose was going to mail a love letter that was in his coat pocket. Synopsis Charlie and his friend Ambrose meet in a restaurant and accidentally leave with each other's coats. It is resolved at the end.
org/details/CC_1914_11_09_HisTrystingPlace) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .Clarence Mabel Normand .Ambrose Phyllis Allen .imdb.His Trysting Place 83 Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .archive.com/title/tt0004108/) at the Internet Movie Database • His Trysting Place (http://www.Ambrose's wife References External links • His Trysting Place (http://www.Mabel Mack Swain .
he persuades her to elope with him. A silent film directed by Mack Sennett. he meets the woman he was seeing already. the film stars Marie Dressler. When he sees that Tillie's father has a very large bankroll for his workers. Mabel Normand. Since she is drunk. and the Keystone Cops. she agrees. It is notable as being the last Chaplin film which he did not write nor direct himself.Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 84 Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) Tillie's Punctured Romance Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mack Sennett Mack Sennett Hampton Del Ruth Mack Sennett Marie Dressler Mabel Normand Charlie Chaplin Mack Swain Chester Conklin The Keystone Cops Charley Chase (uncredited) Gordon Griffith (uncredited) Release date(s) November 14. . He gets Tillie drunk in a restaurant and asks her to let him hold the pocketbook. 1914 Running time Country Language 82 min United States Silent film English intertitles Tillie's Punctured Romance is the first feature-length comedy film from Keystone Film Company and the Christie Film Company. Charlie Chaplin. and tries to work around the complication to steal Tillie's money. produced in 1914. In the city. and he escapes with his old girlfriend and the money. Plot Chaplin plays a womanizing city man who meets Tillie (Dressler) in the country after a fight with his girlfriend (Normand).
. He goes back to his mansion. Tillie Banks. Charlie.... which was in disarray after Tillie instigated a gunfight (a direct result of the husband smuggling the old girlfriend into the house) which.. Mr.. Maid/Waitress (uncredited) Description of Marie Dressler's character Description of Charlie Chaplin's character .. While sitting on a park bench.... Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Gene Marsh . 85 Cast • Marie Dressler . as she is too embarrassed to go home. Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Hank Mann . City Slicker • Mack Swain .... smuggled into the house and working as one of their maids. they see a picture show entitled "A Thief's Fate... didn't harm anyone..Guest (uncredited) • Edgar Kennedy .... and the two girls become friends.... First Pianist in Restaurant (uncredited) • Charley Chase . Keystone Cop Desk Sergeant (uncredited) • Alice Davenport .. Restaurant Owner/Butler (uncredited) • Grover Ligon .. Detective in Movie Theatre (uncredited) • Dixie Chene . where a car "bumps" Tillie into the water.... He begs her to take him back and marries her. Keystone Cop (uncredited) • Wallace MacDonald . John Banks..... She is eventually pulled to safety.. Guest (uncredited) • Minta Durfee . where Tillie is now forced to work to support herself. Guest (uncredited) • Nick Cogley . a paperboy asks him to buy a newspaper.... The three run from the cops all the way to a dock.. Servant (uncredited) • Alice Howell .. Country Girl • Mabel Normand . Newsboy (uncredited) • William Hauber .. They both feel guilty and leave the theatre.. Policeman (uncredited) • Glen Cavender .. The uncle is found on a mountaintop.. She flails about. a millionaire who died while on a mountain-climbing expedition. Mabel.. Tillie's Father • Chester Conklin . hoping to be rescued. and didn't die after all. Waiter (uncredited) • Gordon Griffith . luckily... Servant/Cop (uncredited) • Fred Hibbard . which ends horribly when Tillie finds her husband with his old girlfriend. Tillie is named sole heir and inherits three million dollars. Maid/Party Guest (uncredited) • Joe Bordeaux . Charlie's Girl Friend • Charlie Chaplin . Prison Matron/Restaurant patron (uncredited) • Billie Bennett . and both Tillie and the man's girlfriend realize that they are too good for him. Although she is skeptical at first... and reads the story about Tillie's Uncle Banks. Uncle Banks insists that Tillie be arrested for the damage she has caused to his house. They move into the uncle's mansion and throw a big party." which illustrates their thievery in the form of a morality play. He does so. Crook's Girlfriend in "A Thief's Fate" (uncredited) • Ted Edwards .Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) Later that day. He leaves. The man leaves his girlfriend on the park bench and runs to the restaurant. Whoozis • Phyllis Allen .. she believes that he truly loves her.
Waiter/Diner (uncredited) Al St. John . External links • Tillie's Punctured Romance  at the Internet Movie Database • Tillie's Punctured Romance  at Allmovie • Tillie's Punctured Romance  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . Second Pianist in Restaurant/Pianist in Theatre/Servant (uncredited) • • • • • • • • Milton Berle .. She died of cancer the following year.. Although it's usually assumed that his performance in this film predated his crafting of the Tramp persona. Dressler's career completely stalled in the late 1920s to the point that she found herself flat broke and unable to find work.. D. Chester Conklin and Mack Swain appear in both... Rev. Milton Berle always claimed that he played the five-year-old paperboy in the film. the later movie actually bears no resemblance to the 1914 film aside from sharing the same title.. beating out Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford by topping the exhibitors' poll as the screen's most popular actress three years in a row and becoming MGM's biggest star in the wake of two smash-hit films with fellow character actor Wallace Beery: Min and Bill (1930). Chaplin had already appeared in more than 30 shorts as the Tramp by the time Tillie's Punctured Romance was released as the first full-length comedy feature on November 14.Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) • Harry McCoy .. and she bites it. The 1928 film Another comedy called Tillie's Punctured Romance was released in 1928 starring W. C. Edward Sutherland . Chaplin's characterization in this movie is distinctly different from that of his beloved "Little Tramp". Simpson (uncredited) Fritz Schade ..... Kid (uncredited. see below) Charles Murray .. Although often erroneously cited as a remake. and doubtful. and Tugboat Annie (1933). for which she won an Academy Award. Fields as a circus ringmaster. Tillie. four men unsuccessfully attempt to help Tillie up when she falls. Thief in the Movie within the Movie (uncredited) 86 Characteristics of the film Although he wears a moustache. Tillie's Tomato Surprise (1915) and Tillie Wakes Up (1917).. has a police officer wave his finger in her face. Detective in 'A Thief's Fate' (uncredited) Frank Opperman . The comedy in the film is largely slapstick: people frequently kick each other or trip each other. although in the latter film the Tillie character has a different last name. but the role was actually portrayed by Gordon Griffith. 1914. Keystone Cop (uncredited) A. taken to the police station.. Tillie's unique career Dressler appeared as Tillie in two more movies. Keystone Cop (uncredited) Slim Summerville ... but she came back stronger than ever between 1930 and 1933.. Keystone Cop (uncredited) Morgan Wallace ..
Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 5 December 1914 16 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) A Fair Exchange formerly named as "Getting Acquainted" is a 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand.Ambrose's wife Harry McCoy . Synopsis Charlie and his wife are walking in the park when they encounter Ambrose and his wife where they become attracted to each other's wife and start chasing them around the park. The policeman is looking for a masher. imdb. com/ work/ 49967  http:/ / www. Sniffels Phyllis Allen .Mary . allmovie.Mr.Ambrose Mabel Normand .Flirt in park Edgar Kennedy . Sniffels Mack Swain . org/ details/ CC_1914_11_14_TilliesPuncturedRomance Getting Acquainted A Fair Exchange Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Phyllis Allen Mack Swain Mabel Normand Harry McCoy Edgar Kennedy Cecile Arnold Cinematography Frank D. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914 film) 87 References  http:/ / www.Policeman Cecile Arnold .Mrs. com/ title/ tt0004707/  http:/ / www. archive.
archive. com/ title/ tt0004011/  http:/ / www. org/ details/ CC_1914_12_05_AFairExchange .Getting Acquainted 88 External links • Getting Acquainted  at the Internet Movie Database • Getting Acquainted  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. imdb.
Weakchin Mack Swain . however.Cavewoman Al St. he is presumed dead and Charlie crowns himself King. Synopsis Set in the stone age. John . John Cinematography Frank D.His Prehistoric Past 89 His Prehistoric Past His Prehistoric Past Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Mack Sennett Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Mack Swain Gene Marsh Fritz Schade Cecile Arnold Al St. He also stars in this short.Sum-Babee.Policeman .Caveman Sydney Chaplin . It turns out it was a dream and a police man bashed Charlie over the head with his club because he was sleeping in the park. It was Chaplin's last film with Keystone Studios. When Charlie arrives in this land (where every man has one thousand wives). Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Lowbrow's Favorite Water Maiden Cecile Arnold . King Low-Brow rules the land and a harem of wives. Lowbrow's Favorite Water Maiden Fritz Schade . he falls in love with the King's favorite wife. The King.King Lowbrow Gene Marsh . Williams Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Keystone Studios 7 December 1914 10 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Prehistoric Past is a short movie written by and directed by Charlie Chaplin in 1914. is not dead and comes back and bashes Charlie over the head with a rock. When the King falls over a cliff.Sum-Babee.
archive.com/title/tt0004102/) at the Internet Movie Database • His Prehistoric Past (http://www.His Prehistoric Past 90 References External links • His Prehistoric Past (http://www.org/details/CC_1914_12_07_HisPrehistoricpast) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .imdb.
Charlie gets his chance to be on camera and replaces the actor. The title is an inside reference to this being Chaplin's first film after leaving Keystone Studios for Essanay Studios. accidentally destroys the set. he ruins his scene. Hussar Officer . Gloria Swanson appears as an uncredited extra. directed by. When he finally gets to act. Synopsis When one of the actors on a movie set doesn't show up. and starring Charlie Chaplin.Film Extra Leo White . Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin . Bates Jess Robbins Distributed by Essanay Studios Release date(s) February 1. and tears the skirt of the star of the movie.His New Job 91 His New Job His New Job Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Ben Turpin Charlotte Mineau Leo White Robert Bolder Charles J.Film Extra. While waiting. 1915 Running time Country Language 32 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles) His New Job is a short 1915 film written by. Stine Arthur W. he plays in a dice game and gets on many people's nerves.Film Extra Ben Turpin .Actor. in Afternoon Charlotte Mineau .
archive. Stine . com/ PSFL/ data/ H/ HisNewJob1915.Carpenter Jess Robbins .Director Arthur W.Studio President Charles J. Retrieved 2009-07-03.Cameraman Gloria Swanson .imdb. Bates .Extra. External links • His New Job (http://www.org/details/CC_1915_02_01_HisNewJob) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . Silent Era.com/title/tt0005489/) at the Internet Movie Database • His New Job (http://www.His New Job • • • • • Robert Bolder . . silentera. html). Stenographer (uncredited) 92 References  "Progressive Silent Film List: His New Job" (http:/ / www.
He found Purviance in San Francisco when he was searching for leading lady for his films. California. who would continue as his leading lady for the following eight years. 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Night Out is a 1915 Charlie Chaplin comedy short.A Night Out (film) 93 A Night Out (film) A Night Out French theatrical poster to A Night Out Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Ben Turpin Bud Jamison Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company February 15. Chaplin's first Essanay film. It was also Chaplin's first film with Essanay Film Company in Niles. after which he moved to Niles Studios. Leo White and Bud Jamison. . It was Chaplin's first film with Edna Purviance. was made in the Chicago studio. His New Job. A Night Out also stars Ben Turpin.
org/ details/ CC_1915_02_15_ANightOut . imdb. com/ title/ tt0005810/  http:/ / www.A Night Out (film) 94 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Headwaiter's Wife Leo White .Headwaiter Edna Purviance . archive.Reveller Ben Turpin .'French' Dandy/Desk clerk External links • A Night Out  at the Internet Movie Database • A Night Out  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Fellow Reveller Bud Jamison .
Broncho Billy Anderson can be seen as an enthusiastic audience member in the boxing match scene. . 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) The Champion is a comedy film released in 1915 by Essanay Studios.The Champion (1915 film) 95 The Champion (1915 film) The Champion Theatrical poster for The Champion (1915) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Ernest Van Pelt Robert Shields Lloyd Bacon Leo White Carl Stockdale Billy Armstrong Paddy McGuire Bud Jamison Ben Turpin Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company March 11. Essanay co-owner and star. starring Charlie Chaplin alongside Edna Purviance and Leo White.
archive.Crooked gambler Carl Stockdale .Challenger Edna Purviance .Bob Uppercut. com/ title/ tt0005074/  http:/ / www.Sparring partner Billy Armstrong .Second sparring partner Leo White .Ringside vendor External links • The Champion  at the Internet Movie Database • The Champion  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Sparring partner Paddy McGuire .Sparring partner Bud Jamison .The Champion (1915 film) 96 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . imdb.Trainer's daughter Ernest Van Pelt . org/ details/ CC_1915_03_01_TheChampion . Champion Ben Turpin .Spike Dugan Lloyd Bacon .
It was one of several films Charlie Chaplin created in a park setting. The film co-starred Edna Purviance. . so Charlie helps him out.In the Park 97 In the Park In the Park Theatrical poster to In the Park Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Leo White Edna Purviance Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Films March 18. Lloyd Bacon. Synopsis A tramp steals a girl's handbag. who is angry with her boyfriend who didn't protect her in the first place. Charlie gets the handbag. but when he tries to pick Charlie's pocket loses his cigarettes and matches. The boyfriend decides to throw himself in the lake in despair. 1915 15 minutes (restored version) United States Silent film English intertitles In the Park is Charlie Chaplin's fourth film released in 1915 by Essanay Films. The handbag makes its way from person to person to its owner. He rescues a hot dog man from a thug. It was his third film while at the Niles Essanay Studio. When the thief tries to take some of Charlie's sausages. and Bud Jamison. but takes a few with his walking stick. Leo White.
Edna's Beau Billy Armstrong . Elegant Masher Leona Anderson . org/ details/ CC_1915_03_18_InThePark . archive.The Count.In the Park 98 Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Charlie Edna Purviance . imdb. com/ title/ tt0005542/  http:/ / www.Sausage Seller External links • In the Park  at the Internet Movie Database • In the Park  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Sausage Thief Ernest Van Pelt .The Count's Fancy Bud Jamison .Nursemaid Leo White .
Charlie does take her away in a jitney. It starred Charlie Chaplin and Edna Purviance as lovers. a type of share taxi popular in the United States between 1914 and 1916. . 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Jitney Elopement was Charlie Chaplin's fifth film for Essanay Films.A Jitney Elopement 99 A Jitney Elopement A Jitney Elopement Theatrical poster to A Jitney Elopement Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Lloyd Bacon Ernest Van Pelt Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company April 1. Most of the film was made in San Francisco and includes scenes of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park and the large Windmills still in the park's westside. with Edna wanting Charlie to take her away from an arranged marriage her father (played by Fred Goodwins) had planned for her.
Cop Fred Goodwins . Edna's Suitor • Lloyd Bacon .Edna's father • Leo White . com/ title/ tt0005571/ .Cop with Baton Carl Stockdale . the Fake Count • Edna Purviance .Old Butler/Cop Bud Jamison .Count Chloride de Lime. Charlie.Count Chloride de Lime. Edna's Suitor • • • • Paddy McGuire . Edna's true love.A Jitney Elopement 100 Synopsis Edna's father wants her to marry wealthy Count Chloride de Lime.Edna • Ernest Van Pelt . imdb.Suitor.Undetermined Role External links • A Jitney Elopement  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. impersonates the Count at dinner Cast A scene filmed in Golden Gate Park • Charles Chaplin .
The Tramp (film) 101 The Tramp (film) The Tramp Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Jess Robbins Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company 11 April 1915 32 minutes United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) The Tramp was Charlie Chaplin's sixth film for Essanay Studios in 1915. . The film co-stars Edna Purviance as the farmer's daughter and Ernest Van Pelt as Edna's father. even though Chaplin played the character in earlier films. The Tramp marked the beginning of The Tramp character most known today. Directed by Chaplin. The outdoor scenes were filmed on location near Niles. it was the fifth and last film made at Essanay's Niles. This film marked the first departure from his more slapstick character in the earlier films. California studio. rather than just himself. with a sad ending and showing he cared for others.
org/details/CC_1915_04_11_TheTramp) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] . Cast • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . He helps defend the farm against criminals. silentera. Retrieved 2010-11-02. and all seems well.imdb.The Tramp (film) 102 Synopsis The Little Fellow finds the girl of his dreams and work on a family farm.Tramp Edna Purviance . though he is seen skipping and swinging his cane as if happy to be back on the road where he knows he belongs. .allmovie.Farmhand Lloyd Bacon .archive. Silent Era. html).Farmer's daughter Ernest Van Pelt .com/title/tt0006177/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Tramp (http://www.Minister References  "Progressive Silent Film List: The Tramp" (http:/ / www. he takes to the road.com/work/143211) at Allmovie • The Tramp (http://www. com/ PSFL/ data/ T/ Tramp1915.Farmer Paddy McGuire .First Thief Bud Jamison . Unwilling to be a problem in their lives. until he discovers the girl of his dreams already has someone in her life.Second Thief Billy Armstrong .Edna's Fiancé/Second Thief Leo White . External links • The Tramp (http://www.
By the Sea (1915 film) 103 By the Sea (1915 film) By the Sea Theatrical release poster to By the Sea Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Jess Robbins Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Billy Armstrong Margie Reiger Bud Jamison Edna Purviance Paddy McGuire Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin General Film Company April 29. Edna Purviance plays one of the wives in whom he shows interest. . The story centers on Charlie's Little Tramp character and how he gets into trouble trying to grab the attention of the ladies on the beach. He just left Niles Essanay Studio after doing five films at that location. 1915 20 minutes United States Silent English (original intertitles) By the Sea is a 1915 film Charlie Chaplin made while waiting for a studio to work in Los Angeles. By the Sea was filmed all on location at Crystal Pier in April 1915.
Man in top hat's sweetheart Paddy McGuire . org/ details/ CC_1915_04_29_ByTheSea .First cop Ernest Van Pelt . After fighting with one of the two husbands.Man in straw hat Margie Reiger .Man in top hat Edna Purviance . com/ title/ tt0005044/  http:/ / www. archive. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . Charlie approaches Edna while the two husbands themselves fight over ice cream.Man in straw hat's wife Bud Jamison .By the Sea (1915 film) 104 Synopsis It is windy at a bathing resort.Second cop External links • By the Sea  at the Internet Movie Database • By the Sea  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. imdb. Charlie turns to the other's wife. Driven away by her husband.Stroller Billy Armstrong .
destroying the house. The kitchen gas stove explodes.Maid Billy Armstrong .The Wife Leo White . Wake's assistant Charles Inslee .The Secret Lover Paddy McGuire . The householder is angry because he can't get breakfast and his wife is screaming at the maid as they arrive. Synopsis Charlie and his boss have difficulties just getting to the house they are going to wallpaper.Izzy A.The Plasterbearer . It was filmed at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles. Marta Golden and Charles Insley. The wife's secret lover arrives and is passed off as the workers' supervisor. Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . and Charlie offers to fix it.Work (1915 film) 105 Work (1915 film) Work Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Billy Armstrong Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company June 21. and co-starring Edna Purviance. 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) Work is a 1915 silent film starring Charlie Chaplin (his eighth film for Essanay Films). Wake.The Husband Marta Golden . but the husband doesn't buy this and fires shots. The stove explodes violently. Paperhanger Edna Purviance .Izzy A.
com/ title/ tt0006313/  http:/ / www.Work (1915 film) 106 External links • Work  at the Internet Movie Database • Work  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. imdb. org/ details/ CC_1915_06_21_Work . archive.
A Woman 107 A Woman A Woman French theatrical poster to A Woman Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Marta Golden Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company July 12. the mother is played by Marta Golden and the father by Charles Insley. It was the third and last time Chaplin played the role of a woman on film. . He played a woman in two Keystone films: The Masquerader and A Busy Day. The film starts with Chaplin meeting Edna (Edna Purviance) and her parents in a park. Chaplin dresses as a woman to fool Edna's father. 1915 20 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Woman was Charlie Chaplin's ninth film for Essanay Films. In this film. It was made in Los Angeles at the Majestic Studio and released in 1915.
archive.Daughter of the House • Charles Inslee . org/ details/ CC_1915_07_12_AWoman .Father's Friend • Leo White .A Woman 108 Cast • Charles Chaplin . imdb.Idler in the Park External links • A Woman  at the Internet Movie Database • A Woman  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0006309/  http:/ / www.Father's Lady Friend • Billy Armstrong .Her Father • Marta Golden .Daughter of the House • Margie Reiger .Gentleman/'Nora Nettlerash' • Edna Purviance .
as Charlie Chaplin plays a janitor at a bank. Silent. it is a departure from the tramp character. . but today this film is often considered one of his most fascinating efforts. Filmed at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles. Released in 1915.The Bank (1915 film) 109 The Bank (1915 film) The Bank Theatrical poster to The Bank Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Inslee Carl Stockdale Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company August 9. There doesn't appear to be any evidence that this film was received any differently from the bulk of Chaplin's early work. 1915 33 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) The Bank was Charlie Chaplin's tenth film for Essanay Films. Edna Purviance plays the secretary on whom Charlie has a crush and dreams that she has fallen in love with him.
Bank Robber and salesman Lloyd Bacon . com/ title/ tt0004936/  http:/ / www. Bowes . org/ details/ CC_1915_08_09_TheBank .Bond Salesman External links • The Bank  at the Internet Movie Database • The Bank  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Another Janitor • • • • • • • • Fred Goodwins . Coleman . archive.Cashier in White Coat Wesley Ruggles .Bank Customer Carrie Clark Ward .Charles. a Janitor • Edna Purviance .Clerk Screenshot from the film • Billy Armstrong .Bank Robber Paddy McGuire . a Secretary • Carl Stockdale .Charlie. a Cashier • Leo White . imdb.Charles.Bald Cashier/Bank Robber with Derby John Rand .Bank Robber Frank J.Edna.Bank Customer Lawrence A.The Bank (1915 film) 110 Cast • Charles Chaplin . a Cashier • Charles Inslee .
Charlie assists in the galley and attempts to serve food during a gale.Shanghaied (1915 film) 111 Shanghaied (1915 film) Shanghaied Swedish theatrical poster to Shanghaied Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Wesley Ruggles Bud Jamison Billy Armstrong Paddy McGuire Leo White John Rand Fred Goodwins Lee Hill Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios 4 October 1915 30 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Shanghaied is a 1915 American comedy silent film made by Essanay Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. a tramp in love with the owner's daughter. Charlie. . Synopsis A shipowner intends to scuttle his ship on its last voyage to get the insurance money. is grabbed by the captain and promises to help him shanghai some seamen. The daughter stows away to follow Charlie.
Tramp Edna Purviance .First shanghaied Seaman Paddy McGuire . org/ details/ CC_1915_10_04_CharlieShanghaied .Third Shanghaied Seaman John Rand . The Other Man Billy Armstrong .Sailor in Rain Hat External links • Shanghaied  at the Internet Movie Database • Shanghaied  at archive. imdb.Shipowner Bud Jamison .Ship's Cook Fred Goodwins .Cabin Boy in Coveralls Lee Hill .Second Shanghaied Seaman Leo White .Shanghaied (1915 film) 112 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Second Mate. archive. com/ title/ tt0006032/  http:/ / www.Daughter of the Shipowner Wesley Ruggles .org (viewable and downloadable movie) References  http:/ / www.
S. Pest and one as Mr. Edna Purviance played a minor role as a lady in the audience. Rowdy. Chaplin played two roles: one as Mr. tours with Fred Karno company and decided to bring some of this play to his film work. The film was created from Chaplin's stage work from a play called Mumming Birds (aka A Night at an English Music Hall in the USA) with the Karno Company from London.A Night in the Show 113 A Night in the Show A Night in the Show Theatrical poster to A Night in the Show Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charlotte Mineau Dee Lampton Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Harry Ensign Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company November 20. 1915 30 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Night in the Show was Charlie Chaplin's 12th film for Essanay. Chaplin performed this play during his U. It was made at Majestic Studio in Los Angeles the fall of 1915. .
Orchestra Conductor James T.Fat Lady and Snake Charmer Phyllis Allen . archive. imdb.Mr.Lady in the Stalls Dee Lampton . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Feather Duster/Clarinet Player May White . com/ title/ tt0005812/  http:/ / www.Tuba Player External links • A Night in the Show  at the Internet Movie Database • A Night in the Show  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References  http:/ / www.Gentleman in Audience Charles Inslee .Trombone Player and Singer Paddy McGuire . Pest and Mr. Pest tries several theatre seats before winding up in front in a fight with the conductor.Second Man in Balcony Front Row John Rand . org/ details/ CC_1915_11_20_ANightInTheShow .Frenchman/Negro in Balcony Wesley Ruggles . Kelley .Fat Boy Leo White .Lady in the Stalls with Beads Charlotte Mineau . Rowdy Edna Purviance .Lady in Audience Fred Goodwins .A Night in the Show 114 Synopsis Mr.
.Burlesque on Carmen 115 Burlesque on Carmen Burlesque on Carmen Theatrical poster to Burlesque on Carmen Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Prosper Mérimée Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Jack Henderson Edna Purviance Leo White Robert Israel (Kino video release) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin Essanay Studios General Film Company December 18. Carmen was very popular at this time and one of the reasons Chaplin decided to create his own comedy version on the opera. It was released in 1915 and then later recut into a different version in 1916. 1915 44 minutes United States Silent film English (original intertitles) Burlesque on Carmen is Charlie Chaplin's thirteenth film for Essanay Films. Charlie Chaplin played Darn Hosiery and Edna Purviance played Carmen. Theda Bara had recently played the part in a film version in 1915.
Gypsy • Frank J.Morales. Cast • Charles Chaplin .Soldier External links • Burlesque on Carmen  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.Burlesque on Carmen 116 Synopsis A gypsy seductress is sent to sway a goofy officer to allow a smuggling run. com/ title/ tt0005077/ .Frasquita • Bud Jamison . Bowes . Coleman . Officer of the Guard • John Rand . imdb.Lillas Pastia • Leo White .Carmen • Jack Henderson .Darn Hosiery • Edna Purviance .Escamillo the Toreador • May White .Soldier of the Guard • Lawrence A.
Kelley . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . A fellow ex-convict convinces Charlie to help burglarize a house. It was made at the Majestic Studio in Los Angeles.Fifth Flophouse Customer .Charlie. Synopsis Charlie is released from prison and immediately swindled by a fake person.Fruitseller/Flop House Manager/Policeman Fred Goodwins .Fruitseller/Flop House Manager/Policeman John Rand . Kelley Leo White John Rand Fred Goodwins Billy Armstrong Snub Pollard Bud Jamison Paddy McGuire George Cleethorpe Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios 27 May 1916 34 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) Police was Charlie Chaplin's 14th released film from Essanay released in 1916.Crooked Preacher/Second Cop Snub Pollard . Charlie playing an ex-convict finds life on the outside not to his liking and leads him to breaking into a home with another thief (Wesley Ruggles).Third Flophouse Customer Paddy McGuire .Police (1916 film) 117 Police (1916 film) Police Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Wesley Ruggles James T.Honest Preacher/Policeman with Monocle Billy Armstrong . Convict 999 Edna Purviance .Drunk with Pockets Picked/Second Flophouse Customer Leo White .Daughter of the House Wesley Ruggles .Jailbird and Thief James T. Edna Purviance plays the girl living in the home who tries to change him.Crooked Preacher/Second Cop Bud Jamison .
com/ title/ tt0007194/ .Policeman at Station with Moustache 118 External links • Police  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. imdb.Police (1916 film) • George Cleethorpe .
Since Chaplin did not have legal control over the films made during his time with Essanay. 1918 23 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Triple Trouble is a two-reel silent comedy film that was released in 1918. a munitions manufacturer.Singing Drunk Bud Jamison . Back in the kitchen.Cook and Pickpocket James T. This film was not an official Chaplin film.Tramp Wesley Ruggles .The Janitor Edna Purviance .Triple Trouble (1918 film) 119 Triple Trouble (1918 film) Triple Trouble Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Leo White Jess Robbins Charlie Chaplin Leo White Charles Chaplin Billy Armstrong Edna Purviance Leo White Cinematography Harry Ensign Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Essanay Studios General Film Company August 11. the maid scolds Charlie. Kelley .A Man 'Snub' Pollard . Edna Purviance and Leo White. As the butler (unidentified actor) introduces Charlie to the ill-tempered cook (Billy Armstrong). agents of the Pretzelstrass meet with the Count (Leo White) to devise a plan to get at Colonel Nutt's device. with Leo White as director for the new scenes. it was edited together out of outtakes and newly shot footage by the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company.Crook Albert Austin .Maid Leo White . Colonel Nutt demonstrates his new wireless explosive device to his daughter (unidentified actress). Meanwhile. Charlie carelessly dumps garbage all over the maid (Edna Purviance) and her newly clean floor.Flop house tramp (uncredited) Synopsis Charlie (Charlie Chaplin) takes a job as a janitor in the home of Colonel Nutt (unidentified actor). inundating the Count in the process. It starred Charlie Chaplin. He takes the trash can and dumps it over the fence. but then . Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . he could not prevent its release. even though it has many Chaplin directed scenes.Count Billy Armstrong .
Though White appeared. Chaplin had begun work on Life. Kelley) whom he eventually -. Charlie agrees to help him find a mark. lying around. singing drunk (James T.and somewhat affectionately -. 1916 Essanay had also issued a version of Chaplin's Burlesque on Carmen padded with additional material to bring it to a 4-reel length. released on May 27. The Count makes his way to the Colonel. His day's work done. Nutt of his invention. and highly disrupt its resident. and although Charlie takes what he thinks are adequate precautions. dodging several cops on the way. In the aftermath. but instead of taking his money he agrees to join the caper to liberate Dr. who rejects his offers and has the Count ejected by way of the butler. which we believe is NOW. and when the cook begins to act cruelly towards the maid in return. Police (1916 film). in 1915. "THIS IS NOT A NEW CHAPLIN BUT FROM THE ADVERTISING . bridging them with outtakes from Police.. and he comforts her. Charlie manages to escape. Essanay created Triple Trouble. the pickpocket is buried in a heap of rubble and Charlie is seen poking his head out of the kitchen stove . The cops are all still there. In addition. a pickpocket (also Billy Armstrong) holds up the Count. Chaplin filed to sue on May 6.] We knew there would come a time when it would be worth many times its weight in gold. On April 9. 1918 issue of Moving Picture World reads. The Count enters the house.dispatches with a champagne bottle. he is robbed also. shooting craps. Chaplin's own response was swift. Nevertheless. but when the thief tries to stab him it wakes everyone up and a fight breaks among all of the men. blowing all of the cops skyward. and leads him to the Nutt house.on July 8.Triple Trouble (1918 film) becomes emotional. The Count tosses it off to the side. The conversation is overheard by a cop. in close to 2000 films. Charlie is prevented from settling down by a loud. 120 History and Background Chaplin's contract with Essanay ended at the beginning of 1916 when he went to Mutual." Such hyperbole is somewhat disingenuous. what would you do? That's just what we did with Triple Trouble.what they really needed was one-reel subjects to fill then voracious public demand for Chaplin's work. Charlie makes his way to a flophouse for a night's sleep. and it has been suggested that White was strong-armed into the task. and through borrowing the ending from Work (1915 film). most often uncredited. his first feature-length comedy. was his last authorized title with the company. intended for Charlie. and it winds up hitting the cook also. Certainly Chaplin never held it against him. but explain to him that they "are on the trail of a great robbery." Back at the flophouse. waiting for something to happen. this material was shot in 1918 and directed by character actor Leo White. Triple Trouble represented a new wrinkle in Essanay's strategy: "If you bought a piece of real estate and foresaw that its value would quadruple if you held it a certain length of time.and perhaps two -sequences that had been intended for the unfinished Life. the standard for comedies by this this time. Charlie sticks up for her. [. However. and is hit by a wet rag thrown by the maid. smoking. Pandemonium breaks out when the pickpocket enters the house. but to no avail -. Essanay contrived new material to pad it out to the length of a two-reeler.. At this point. Colonel Nutt's explosive device is detonated. as he continued to hire White as a supporting actor in his own films into the 1940s. According to publicity material that appeared at the time of its release in August 1918. recognizing him as an old friend. A thief (Bud Jamison) steals in during the night and robs the singing drunk. who then runs off to inform his fellow officers. he runs into the pickpocket on the street. and amid the chaos. but the studio had stepped in and stopped the production as Chaplin was taking too long -. they are in an abandoned lot. a telegram from Chaplin published in the August 11. This opened the door to a number of subsequent Essanay-Chaplin compilations and re-releases such as The Essanay-Chaplin Revue of 1916 and Chase Me Charlie (1918). their last "new" Chaplin comedy. Triple Trouble is the only  credit he ever received for direction. We held this negative in our vaults for the most opportune time of release. by taking at least one -. the court determined that Essanay had the right to reinvent the client work Chaplin had done for them in any way that they saw fit . They storm the Nutt house. Charlie disguises himself under the blankets and manages to get his money back from the thief.
Nevertheless. The issue is regarded as unresolved. in his seminal 1975 book The Silent Clowns. Government's anti-trust suit against former Motion Picture Patents Trust companies and an inability to compete in a market dominated by features. and it circulated in 8 and 16mm in the era of home movie collecting. swallowing it while he sleeps. however. even in 1918. The Moving Picture World called it an "atrocious patch quilt of ancient slapstick reels. the scene is taken from the opposite angle. the continuity in Triple Trouble is very difficult to follow. and he seemed to agree with that aspect of the inherent value of Triple Trouble through including the title in the filmography attached to his autobiography in 1964 . The Images DVD version on Chaplin's Essanay Comedies Volume 3 has been adjudged the best available in that -. but one derived from an independent project.it is derived from a 35mm print. In Police. McDonald." As it was." 121 Legacy and Preservation Evaluations of the finished film vary. in their 1965 book The Films of Charlie Chaplin. For Essanay. It was followed by a trickle of reissues of older titles that finally petered out in 1920. Controversy There is considerable controversy as to whether the flophouse sequence in Triple Trouble was footage trimmed from Police or part of the uncompleted project Life. director Don McGlynn included a "reconstruction" of Police which attempted to re-incorporate the flophouse sequence from Triple Trouble into the earlier film. some have found value in Triple Trouble. Chaplin did not make an actual feature until The Kid (1921). stated that the film was "worthless. that Triple Trouble "would be worth many times its weight in gold" apparently didn't pan out. A crook robs the men in the lodging house but Chaplin takes the money from him." As part of his television documentary The Chaplin Puzzle (1992). This starts a battle. presumably double-crossing his employer in the process. The story doesn't make any sense " and indeed. the pickpocket knows where the house is as the Count has already directed him towards it. . and Charlie directs him towards the house again. As a Chaplin film in the public domain. Triple Trouble was practically the last new film that Essanay produced. 1916 indicates a deleted scene similar to the content in Triple Trouble: "[Charlie] goes to a lodging house and in order to save his dollar from thieves puts it in his mouth.Triple Trouble (1918 film) LAYOUT IN TRADE REVIEW MUST BE NOTHING BUT THE DISCARDED PORTIONS OF POLICE THE LAST PICTURE MADE BY CHARLIE CHAPLIN FOR ESSANAY FIRST NATIONAL SHOULD STOP THESE MISLEADING STATEMENTS AND ADVERTISING WHICH MUST BE STAMPED OUT. The Essanay description of Police filed with the Library of Congress at the time of copyright on May 12. sources for Triple Trouble are numerous. almost miraculously . Michael Conway and Mark Ricci stated that the film "has remarkable continuity and the pieces fit together. Gerald D." A review on the imdb refers to it as "Chaplin's worst film.for the most part -." Walter Kerr. and includes one shot that does not appear in other versions. yet he is still looking for a place to rob later in the film. Some Chaplin scholars felt that the result was unconvincing and that certain incompatible details between the flophouse sequence which remains in Police and that from Triple Trouble indicate that the Triple Trouble material is merely a similar scene. except for what it can tell us about the vein Chaplin was tempted to explore in his own kind of feature . Burdened by the fallout from the loss of final appeals relating to the U.S.
August 11." Moving Picture World. New York. McDonald."COMING! A Band New CHARLIE CHAPLIN Comedy.org/details/CC_1918_xx_xx_TripleTrouble) (video). archive. New York. org/ details/ CC_1918_xx_xx_TripleTrouble  http:/ / www. com/ video/ tripleTroubleHV. August 3. NY 1975  Charlie Chaplin -."Trade Papers Announcing Essay Issue of 'Triple Trouble'. D. Michael Conway and Mark Ricci -. 2005  Charlie Chaplin via J. NY 1964  http:/ / www. New York. imdb.Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Birth of the Tramp. chaplin/ browse_thread/ thread/ a2d52c59df664d0b/ fa2f0760b74c4ce6?hl=en& lnk=gst& q=triple+ trouble& pli=1 • Triple Trouble (http://www. movies. Citadel Press. Internet Archive • Progressive Silent Film List entry on Triple Trouble (http://www.silentera. com/ title/ tt0007476/ combined  Gerald D. silentera. google. imdb. html  http:/ / groups. com/ title/ tt0006497/ combined  George K.The Silent Clowns. iUniverse.com/PSFL/data/T/ TripleTrouble1918.My Autobiography.imdb. Spoor -.Triple Trouble (1918 film) 122 External links and References  http:/ / www. NY 1965  Walter Kerr -. Lincoln. com/ group/ alt. Simon & Schuster.html) .archive. Nebraska. 1918  http:/ / www. Alfred A. Knopf.com/title/tt0007476/) at the Internet Movie Database • Charlie Chaplin's Triple Trouble (1918) (http://www. Williams -. 1918  Ted Okuda & David Maska -.The Films of Charlie Chaplin." Moving Picture World.
played by Eric Campbell. as a customer who creates chaos in a department store and becomes inadvertently entangled in the nefarious scheme of the store manager. Edna Purviance plays a minor role as a secretary to store manager. speed-corrected version) United States Silent film English intertitles The Floorwalker was Charlie Chaplin's first Mutual Film Corporation film. played by Lloyd Bacon. It stars Chaplin. to embezzle money from the establishment.The Floorwalker 123 The Floorwalker The Floorwalker Theatrical poster to The Floorwalker Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. 1916 2 Reels (24 minutes in restored. made in 1916. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Eric Campbell Edna Purviance Starring Cinematography William C. and the store's floorwalker. in his traditional Tramp persona. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation May 15. It was noted for the first 'running staircase' used in films which is used for a series of slapstick that climaxes with a frantic chase down an upward escalator and finding they are remaining in the same position on the steps no matter how fast they move. Eric Campbell. .
Manager's secretary Lloyd Bacon . and in the TV series Family Guy and The X-Files. the Mickey Mouse cartoon Lonesome Ghosts. Later renditions can be found in the Bugs Bunny cartoon Hare Tonic. Lloyd Bacon. in an episode of I Love Lucy.Beautiful store detective References  Simon Louvish (2009) Chaplin: The Tramp's Odyssey. Chaplin and the store's floorwalker. This scene has been duplicated many times. most famously in the Marx Brothers film Duck Soup. Harpo Marx did a reprise of this scene. Faber and Faber: 105 External links • The Floorwalker (http://www. with Lucille Ball also donning the fright wig and trench coat.The Floorwalker Roughly seven minutes from the start of the film.Assistant manager Albert Austin . stumble into opposite doors of an office and are intrigued by their likeness to each other. with David Niven and Robert Wagner wearing identical gorilla costumes.Tramp Eric Campbell . Additionally. an early episode of The Patty Duke Show contains a mirror scene in which the characters Patty and Cathy Lane (both played by Patty Duke) act out a version similar to the one found in the film Duck Soup. London. They mirror each other's movements to deft comic effect in a highly influential "mirror scene". mimics the mirror scene.imdb.com/title/tt0006689/) at the Internet Movie Database .Store manager Edna Purviance .Shop assistant Charlotte Mineau . 124 Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . A scene in The Pink Panther. dressed in his usual costume.
1916 32 minutes United States Starring Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English intertitles The Fireman is the second film Charlie Chaplin created for Mutual Film Corporation in 1916. It shows some early day street scenes in the surrounding Los Angeles area. Bacon played a character trying to arrange with Eric Campbell (the fire chief) to have his house burn down so he could collect on the insurance money. . The huge water tank in the station also comically has a second function as the coffee machine. A lot of the kicking in the film is clearly unfaked and fairly violent. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Lloyd Bacon Eric Campbell William C. reversing the horses.The Fireman (film) 125 The Fireman (film) The Fireman Theatrical poster to 1930s sound reissue of The Fireman Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. it starred Chaplin as the fireman and Edna Purviance as the daughter to Lloyd Bacon. hurrying back to station (in reverse) when he forgets the crew etc. Foster Roland Totheroh Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation June 12. Released on June 12. The film makes use of reversing the film several times for comic effect: sliding up the fireman's pole.
The Fireman (film) 126 Cast • Charles Chaplin as Fireman • Edna Purviance as Girl • Lloyd Bacon as Her Father • Eric Campbell as Foreman of the Brigade • Leo White as Owner of Burning House • Albert Austin as Fireman • John Rand as Fireman • James T. imdb. com/ title/ tt0006684/ . Kelley as Fireman • Frank J. Coleman as Fireman External links • The Fireman  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.
chief among them Eric Campbell.which results in a bar room brawl and comic mayhem. with more drama and pathos mixed in with the comedy. Wandering off into the vicinity of a gypsy caravan. playing on a violin to raise money and exciting rivalry with competing musicians . Driving off with the latter. Eric Campbell. the Tramp. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography William C. who whips her mercilessly. before riding off with her in a commandeered cart. is complicated by the arrival of an artist love rival and her parents. The intimacy which develops between them. it co-starred Edna Purviance. as Charlie washes her face in a bowl and combs her hair. Edna and entertains her with his violin. Released to theaters on July 10. arriving at a bar. The story begins with Charlie. Charlie comes to her rescue and knocks her tormentors on the head with a stick.The Vagabond (film) 127 The Vagabond (film) The Vagabond Theatrical poster to The Vagabond Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation July 10. Leo White and Lloyd Bacon. in the country. . he encounters the beautiful. She has been abducted and abused by the gypsies. Edna suddenly realises that her heart belongs to Charlie and orders the car to reverse and  take him along with her. 1916. This film echoed Chaplin's work on The Tramp. though bedraggled. 1916 24 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Vagabond is a silent film by Charlie Chaplin and his third film with Mutual Films.
imdb.The Vagabond (film) 128 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Gypsy Chieftain Leo White .Gypsy Drudge Eric Campbell .Gypsy and Musician References  Simon Louvish (2009) Chaplin: The Tramp's Odyssey.Old Jew/Gypsy Woman Lloyd Bacon .com/title/tt0007507/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Vagabond (http://www. Kelley .Artist Charlotte Mineau .archive.Trombonist John Rand . Coleman . London. Faber and Faber: 105-8 External links • The Vagabond (http://www.org/details/CC_1916_07_10_TheVagabond) at the Internet Archive .Gypsy and Musician Frank J.Trumpeter.Girl's Mother Albert Austin . Band Leader James T.Saloon Violinist Edna Purviance .
129 One A. Theatrical poster to One A. United States Silent film English intertitles One A.M.M. Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. 34 mins. except for a brief scene of Albert Austin playing a cab driver. was a unique Charlie Chaplin silent film created for Mutual Films in 1916.One A. . One A. 1916 2 Reels (full length unknown) c. It was the first film he starred in alone. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation August 7. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Starring Cinematography William C.M.M.M.
imdb. He only wants to go to bed. Cast • Charles Chaplin . but the inanimate objects around him prevent him.M. com/ title/ tt0007145/  http:/ / indigestmag.Taxi driver External links • One A. after too much to drink. 130 Synopsis Chaplin plays the role of a homeowner coming home late.M.  at the Internet Movie Database • Article at InDigest Magazine about the film recently being scored by  Justin Vernon (Bon Iver) References  http:/ / www.One A.Drunk • Albert Austin . com/ blog/ ?p=2058 .
The Count (film)
The Count (film)
Theatrical poster to The Count
Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell
Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation September 4, 1916 34 minutes
Silent film English intertitles
The Count is Charlie Chaplin's fifth film for Mutual Film Corporation in 1916. Released on September 4, it co-starred Eric Campbell and Edna Purviance.
The tailor's handyman (played by Chaplin) burns a count's trousers while ironing them and is fired. His superior (Campbell) discovers a note explaining the count can't attend a party, and dresses up like one to take his place. Chaplin also goes to the residence hosting the party, but runs into the tailor. They both then struggle to win the fair maiden, Miss Moneybags (Purviance). Soon, Charlie is distracted by a gypsy girl and the tailor must fend off other suitors. The real Count finally arrives, learns of the imposters and calls the police. Chaplin makes a mad dash through the party and scampers away to safety.
The Count (film)
• Charles Chaplin - Tailor's apprentice • Edna Purviance - Miss Moneybags • Eric Campbell - Tailor
• The Count  at the Internet Movie Database
 http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0006548/
Directed by Produced by Written by
Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman
Cinematography William C. Foster Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation October 2, 1916 32 minutes
The Pawnshop was Charlie Chaplin's sixth film for Mutual Film Corporation. Released on October 2, 1916, it stars Chaplin in the role of assistant to the pawnshop owner, played by Henry Bergman. Edna Purviance plays the owner's daughter, while Albert Austin appears as an alarm clock owner who watches Chaplin in dismay as he checks out the clock; the massive Eric Campbell's character attempts to rob the shop. This was one of Chaplin's more popular movies for Mutual, mainly for the slapstick comedy he was famous for at the time.
He engages in a slapstick battles with his fellow pawnshop assistant. One customer. posing as a jewelry buyer. pulls a gun and tries to rob the place. Primary cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin: Pawnshop assistant Henry Bergman: Pawnbroker Edna Purviance: His daughter John Rand: Pawnshop assistant Albert Austin: Client with clock Wesley Ruggles: Client with ring Eric Campbell: Thief External links • The Pawnshop  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. deals with eccentric customers. imdb. Chaplin disarms him. and flirts with the pawnbroker's daughter. com/ title/ tt0007162/ .The Pawnshop 134 Synopsis Chaplin plays an assistant in a pawnshop run by Bergman.
. a large man. and Purviance. Caulfield Charles Chaplin Vincent Bryan Maverick Terrell Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. but other plotlines include a strike by the stagehands. who is unable to become an actress. directed by. dressing as a man and becoming a stagehand. and starring Charlie Chaplin. The film takes place in a movie studio. his supervisor. Chaplin plays a stagehand named David while Campbell. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation November 13. and also starring Eric Campbell and Edna Purviance. 1916 15 minutes USA Silent film English intertitles Behind the Screen is a 1916 short silent film written by. plays Goliath. Much of the film is slapstick comedy involving Chaplin manhandling large props.Behind the Screen 135 Behind the Screen Behind the Screen Theatrical poster to Behind the Screen Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P.
thinking that Chaplin has kissed a man.Behind the Screen The film is significant to the history of homosexuality in the cinema. which was relatively unusual at the time. starts laughing (the documentary supports the belief that Purviance and Chaplin were romantically involved at the time). an outtake in which Edna.4th part .The Girl • Eric Campbell . as it contains a joke about the subject.David (Goliath's assistant) • Edna Purviance . 136 Cast • Charles Chaplin . The documentary series Unknown Chaplin revealed previously unseen footage from this movie. playing Chaplin kissing Purviance in "Behind the Screen" the guitar. he kisses her while on the set. at this point. and several takes of a scene in which Chaplin's character narrowly misses having his feet chopped off by an axe (accomplished by filming the scene backwards) -this scene was never used in the final film. a male stagehand enters and. After Chaplin learns that Purviance is really a woman. including an alternate take where Purviance's character is shown playing a harp.3rd part Behind the Screen .Goliath (a stagehand) Media Behind the Screen 1st part Behind the Screen 2nd part Behind the Screen . starts acting in an overtly effeminate way until Chaplin kicks him.
Lynn. External links • Behind the Screen (http://www. Kenneth S.Behind the Screen 137 Behind the Screen 5th part Behind the Screen 6th part Behind the Screen . Chaplin: His Life and Times (2003).imdb.8th part References  The Celluloid Closet.7th part Behind the Screen .com/title/tt0006414/) at the Internet Movie Database . DVD documentary (1995).
Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Henry Bergman Albert Austin Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. It is best known for showcasing Chaplin's roller skating skills. was Charlie Chaplin's eighth film for Mutual Films. Eric Campbell. It co-starred Edna Purviance. 1916 24 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Rink. . Henry Bergman and Albert Austin. a silent film from 1916.The Rink (film) 138 The Rink (film) The Rink Theatrical poster to The Rink Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation December 4.
com/ Movie%20Summaries/ R/ Rink. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . imdb. Edna's Admirer Henry Bergman .Friend of Edna External links • The Rink  at the Internet Archive • The Rink  at the Internet Movie Database • The Rink  at Doctor Macro's High Quality Movie Scans References  http:/ / www.Her Father Eric Campbell . Stout and Angry Diner Lloyd Bacon .Mrs. archive.Guest Albert Austin .The Cook and Skater Frank J.The Girl James T. doctormacro.The Rink (film) 139 Synopsis After amusements working in a restaurant. htm .%20The.Waiter Charlotte Mineau . Charlie uses his lunch break to go roller skating. Posing as Sir Cecil Seltzer Edna Purviance .A Waiter. Stout. Kelley . org/ details/ CC_1916_12_04_TheRink  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0007264/  http:/ / www. Coleman .Mr.Friend of Edna Leota Bryan .Restaurant Manager John Rand .
the police are failing to maintain law and order and so it is Chaplin. as the Little Tramp character. 1917 (UK) 19 min USA. Caulfield Charles Chaplin Vincent Bryan Maverick Terrell Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. . Germany 24 min (restored version) United States Silent film English intertitles Easy Street is a 1917 short comedy film by Charlie Chaplin. who steps forward (rather reluctantly) to rid the street of bullies. save women from madmen and generally keep the peace.Easy Street (film) 140 Easy Street (film) Easy Street Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. In the film. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation 22 January 1917 (USA) February 5. help the poor.
.. Minister/Policeman (uncredited) Lloyd Bacon . Policeman (uncredited) William Gillespie . roughing up the locals and pilfering their money. Heroin addict (uncredited) James T. Kelley .. culminating in Chaplin inventively using a gas lamp. Anarchist (uncredited) Frank J. The Mission Worker • Eric Campbell .. Cast • Charles Chaplin . Edna Purviance by clown-ministry (http://www.imdb.. Mission Visitor/Policeman (uncredited) Charlotte Mineau . to render the bully unconscious. Small Father/Policeman (uncredited) Erich von Stroheim Jr... Chief of Police (uncredited) References External links • Easy Street (http://www. Chaplin hesitantly accepts and is assigned the rough-and-tumble Easy Street as his beat..... Baby (uncredited) Leo White . Big Eric's Wife (uncredited) John Rand .. The film continues with Chaplin aiding the people of Easy Street. Spotting a help wanted ad for a job at the police station.. rescuing a damsel in distress from the clutches of a sinister drug addict and putting the bully in his place once and for all. Mission Tramp/Policeman (uncredited) Janet Miller Sully ....... Eric Campbell. . Mother in Mission (uncredited) Loyal Underwood .com/index_1.php/site/articles/ easy_street_charlie_chaplin_eric_campbell_edna_purviance_dvd_review/) • Article at InDigest Magazine about the film recently being scored by Justin Vernon (Bon Iver) (http:// indigestmag.. Coleman ... He is reformed somewhat at a Mission where there is singing and religious education.. The Derelict • Edna Purviance ...com/title/tt0007880/) at the Internet Movie Database • Easy Street (http://www. Policeman (uncredited) Tom Wood . His religious awakening inspired by a beautiful young woman who pleads for him to stay at the Mission.. Upon entering the street. Chaplin gets on the wrong side of this bully and following a chase the two eventually come to blows.Easy Street (film) 141 Plot As the story begins.. The Bully • • • • • • • • • • • • • Albert Austin .... clown-ministry.. Drug Addict (uncredited) Henry Bergman .allmovie.com/work/15199) at Allmovie • Review of Easy Street starring Charlie Chaplin. he finds a bully.com/blog/?p=2058) . the Little Tramp is sleeping rough outside a mission near the streets of a lawless slum..
Caulfield Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. sending the spa's inhabitants into a dancing stupor. . She leaves him in anger and walks away. when the hotel owner learns his employees are getting drunk off Charlie's liquor. but brings along a big suitcase full of alcohol. The drunk employee hurls the bottles through the window. Chaplin. straight into the spa's health waters. when he bumps into the large man. drinks from the spurious spa. 1917 31 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Cure is a 1917 short comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin. evades him and encounters a beautiful young woman who encourages him to stop drinking. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation April 16. he calls an employee and orders him to have the liquor thrown out the window. However. Along the way he aggravates a large man suffering from gout. tripping him off his wheel chair and landing him into the alcoholic well. The well becomes spurious with alcohol. Charlie walks back to the door unsteadily. gets drunk and offends her. encouraged by his new love to get sober.The Cure (1917 film) 142 The Cure (1917 film) The Cure Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) Henry P. Synopsis Chaplin plays a drunkard who checks into a health spa to dry out.
just then he accidentally steps into the liquor-laden well. Realizing what had happened. Coleman as Head of Sanitarium External links • The Cure  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. walks out and finds the lady. Kelley as Sanitarium Attendant Albert Austin as Sanitarium Attendant Frank J. but Chaplin turns sober. imdb. They walk ahead. she forgives him.The Cure (1917 film) The next morning there are plenty of hangovers. com/ title/ tt0007832/ . 143 Cast • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as The Inebriate Edna Purviance as The Girl Eric Campbell as The Man with the Gout Henry Bergman as Masseur John Rand as Sanitarium Attendant James T.
Purviance reportedly was required to eat so many plates of beans during the many takes to complete the restaurant sequence (in character as another immigrant who falls in love with Charlie) that she became physically ill. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation June 17. It also stars Edna Purviance and Eric Campbell. not realising that the coin has fallen out of his pocket. It was not until later that Chaplin decided the reason the Tramp was penniless was that he had just arrived on a boat from Europe. in which the penniless Tramp finds a coin and goes for a meal in a restaurant.The Immigrant 144 The Immigrant The Immigrant Theatrical poster for The Immigrant (1917) Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) John Jasper Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. The scene in which Chaplin's character kicks an immigration officer was cited later as evidence of his anti-Americanism when he was forced to leave the United States in 1952. In 1998. 1917 20 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Immigrant (also called Broke) is a 1917 American comedy short film starring the Charlie Chaplin Tramp character as an immigrant coming to the United States who is accused of theft on the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. the first scenes to be written and filmed take place in what became the movie's second half. The Immigrant was selected for . According to Kevin Brownlow and David Gill's documentary series Unknown Chaplin. and befriends a young woman along the way. and used this notion as the basis for the first half. The movie was written and directed by Chaplin.
Terrified of facing the same treatment as the man he saw thrown out. Just then. he befriends another unnamed immigrant (Purviance) who is travelling to America with her ailing mother. 145 Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . without the artist noticing. The tramp. he finds another coin fallen from the head waiter's pocket onto the floor and made many failed attempts to retrieve it without notice.Immigrant Edna Purviance . the tramp finds a coin on the street. but ends up being mistakenly accused of being a pickpocket. palms the tip and presents it to the waiter as his own payment for his and Edna's meal. he is reunited with Edna and discovers her mother is dead. the tramp and Edna part company. hungry and broke. among other things.after paying his bill. and initially showcases the misadventures of an unnamed immigrant (Chaplin) who finds himself in assorted mischief while. intending to eventually accept the artist's offer. only to be thunderstruck when the waiter reveals the coin to be fake. feeling sorry for the two penniless women. and avoiding seasick passengers. playing cards. The artist offers to pay for Edna and Charlie's meal. intimidated by the waiter. He gives a coin from his right pocket (most likely the one he found in the street earlier) to the waiter. As they eat. The woman (Purviance) manages to clear the tramp's name. Soon. a visiting artist spots Edna and Charlie and offers them a job to pose for a painting. The artist pays for his own meal and leaves a tip for the waiter. but Charlie declines the offer several times for reasons of etiquette.A diner Henry Bergman . they watch the restaurant's burly head waiter (Campbell) and other waiters attack and forcibly eject a patron who is short 10 cents in paying his bill.The head waiter Albert Austin . Once again. and goes into a nearby restaurant. Charlie orders a meal for Edna. and is clearly upset at this supposed action. Charlie notices that the tip is enough to cover Charlie and Edna's meal and. however.The artist Synopsis The film begins aboard a steamer crossing the Atlantic Ocean. attempts to secretly place his winnings from his card game in the woman's (Purviance) pocket. The waiter thinks the artist himself has given no tip whatsoever. however.Immigrant Eric Campbell . Afterwards. pockets it. checks all over his clothes for money. eating in a mess hall. Charlie. Along the way. Charlie prepares for the fight of his life.one small coin . . The two agree. he lets the waiter keep the remaining change . where he orders a plate of beans. the tramp begins planning how he will fight the huge man. historically.The Immigrant preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. the tramp proposes marriage to Edna who is coy and reluctant until Charlie physically carries the laughing girl into the office. he's dismayed when the artist does not renew his offer to pay at the last moment. outside a marriage license office in the rain. or aesthetically significant". Upon arrival in America. Later. There. As a final riposte.
but Chaplin eventually replaced him with Eric Campbell. with a story. Chaplin developed the idea of the tramp and Purviance's character being immigrants when he realized he needed more plot to justify the restaurant scenes. and added the epilogue in which the Tramp and Purviance are married. com/ title/ tt0008133/  http:/ / www. According to Unknown Chaplin.The Immigrant 146 Production Episode 1 of the 1983 documentary series Unknown Chaplin reveals that Chaplin developed the storyline for The Immigrant as filming progressed. he reshot parts of the restaurant scene to be consistent with the new plot (bringing Bergman back in a new role as an artist who resolves the subplot of Charlie being unable to pay for dinner). and Chaplin began again. Henry Bergman played the bully-ish head waiter. org/ details/ CC_1917_06_17_TheImmigrant  http:/ / www. com/ work/ 24408 . This plot was abandoned almost immediately. imdb. After filming the film's opening sequences of the arrival in America. still set in a cafe. Initially. about a man who has never been in a restaurant before displaying terrible table manners before meeting a Chaplin and Purviance in the memorable restaurant scene lovely girl (Purviance) and shaping up. the documentary states. archive. Initially. the movie began as a comedy set in an artists cafe. before Chaplin's character was introduced. with Purviance as a brightly dressed patron. allmovie. External links • The Immigrant  at the Internet Archive • The Immigrant  at the Internet Movie Database • The Immigrant  at Allmovie References  http:/ / www.
1917 31 minutes United States Silent The Adventurer is a short comedy film made in 1917 written and directed by Charlie Chaplin. and Albert Austin. 1917 in a drunk driving accident. It is the last out of the twelve films made while he was under contract for the Mutual Film Corporation. Plot and characters Chaplin plays an escaped convict on the run from prison guards. but her suitor (Eric Campbell) does everything he can to have Chaplin apprehended by the officials. and marked the final film of his co-star Eric Campbell who died on December 20.The Adventurer (film) 147 The Adventurer (film) The Adventurer Theatrical poster to The Adventurer Directed by Produced by Written by Charles Chaplin Edward Brewer (technical director) John Jasper Charles Chaplin (scenario) Vincent Bryan (scenario) Maverick Terrell (scenario) Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Eric Campbell Starring Cinematography Roland Totheroh George C. Zalibra Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin Mutual Film Corporation October 22. He falls into favor with a wealthy family after he saves a young lady (Edna Purviance) from drowning. The film also stars Henry Bergman. .
There is a slap-stick coarse humor in The Adventurer. "On the Rivoli program. that the screen's best comedian would get to work and do what everyone knows he is capable of. which makes one wish. Note that this was written during a period in which Chaplin's film output was practically nonexistent. between laughs. html?title1=& title2=Adventurer%2C%20The& reviewer=& v_id=239712& pdate=19200816  http:/ / www.The Convict Edna Purviance .The Adventurer (film) 148 Critical reception A re-release of the film inspired this enthusiastic review in the August 16. The Adventurer. imdb. is a Chaplin revival. and also at the Rialto.The Suitor Henry Bergman . nytimes. 1920 New York Times.The Father Albert Austin . com/ title/ tt0007613/ ." Cast • • • • • Charles Chaplin . com/ mem/ movies/ review. but also some of Chaplin's most irresistible pantomime.The Butler External links • The Adventurer  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / movies2.The Girl Eric Campbell .
Charles Lapworth. United States Silent film English (original intertitles) A Dog's Life (1918) is a silent film written. 1918 40 min. a former newspaper editor who had met Chaplin when he interviewed him. Edna Purviance plays a dance hall singer and Charlie Chaplin. Other films where dogs appeared on screen with Chaplin were The Champion (1915). The Tramp. produced and directed by Charlie Chaplin. City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936). "Scraps" (the dog) was the hero in this film. April 14. The Gold Rush (1925). . Chaplin plays opposite an animal as "co-star". this was the first time the two brothers were on screen together. This was Chaplin's first film for First National Films. as he helps Charlie and Edna toward a better life.A Dog's Life 149 A Dog's Life A Dog's Life Theatrical poster to A Dog's Life Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Syd Chaplin Henry Bergman Charles Reisner Albert Austin Tom Wilson Charlie Chaplin (in 1957 released as part of The Chaplin Revue) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) First National Pictures Inc. took a role as a consultant on the film. Sydney Chaplin (Chaplin's brother) had a small role in this film.
a thoroughbred mongrel Syd Chaplin . Framework: a history of screenwriting in the American film.33 External links • A Dog's Life (http://www.Unemployed man Ted Edwards .Unemployed man Louis Fitzroy .Unemployed man References  Tom Stempel.Fat unemployed man/Dance-hall lady Charles Reisner .Scraps.imdb.Lunchwagon owner Henry Bergman . McCarthy .Tramp Edna Purviance .com/title/tt0009018/) at the Internet Movie Database .Bar singer Mut . J. p.Unemployed man Charles Force .Unemployed man Mel Brown .Employment agency clerk Albert Austin .Unemployed man Bert Appling .Employment agency clerk Tom Wilson .Policeman M.Unemployed man Slim Cole .A Dog's Life 150 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Unemployed man Thomas Riley .
. as a vehicle for expressing his ideas. were not universally acclaimed and his star power was fading. Release date(s) September 1. United Kingdom United States Language English The Chaplin Revue is a 1959 film comprising three silent movies made by Charlie Chaplin. Limelight. He latest three films. For the 1959 release. and behind-the-scenes footage are also included. Unfortunately for Chaplin though. 1959 Running time Country 119 min. the Tramp. Shoulder Arms and The Pilgrim – each of which was introduced by Chaplin and juxtaposed with behind the scenes footage and clips from World War I. Chaplin had often used scenes featuring The Tramp. Monsieur Verdoux. Chaplin decided the best way to bring the tramp into the new era was by re-releasing three silent films he made with First National as a feature length film. and The Pilgrim. he fell victim to McCarthyism and in the 1950s. he lived in exile in Switzerland with his wife Oona O'Neill. Chaplin added a soundtrack to help appeal to modern audiences. Chaplin also added extra footage including clips from World War I to express the context. The three shorts included are A Dog's Life. Background During the silent era. Released in 1959. He provides a personal introduction to each of the clips. such as The Tramp's final appearance in Modern Times. Charlie Chaplin was one of the biggest stars in Hollywood. Current releases of the compilation on DVD also feature other Chaplin films produced with First National such as Sunnyside and The Bond. The idea of reviving his role as The Tramp for modern audiences was entertained. Critic and friend James Agee wrote a script placing Chaplin's trademark character. in apocalyptic New York. The Tramp. Shoulder Arms. The Chaplin Revue consisted of A Dog's Life. All three star Chaplin's trademark character.The Chaplin Revue 151 The Chaplin Revue The Chaplin Revue Directed by Starring Editing by Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paul Davies Derek Parsons Distributed by Warner Bros. Introductions by David Robinson. and A King in New York.
and subsequently moving in with them. After acquainting himself with a local mother and daughter. one of his former buddies from prison arrives and steals from the two women. reverses the ambush and captures the Kaiser for the allies. His shining moment comes when he is hunted down by the Kaiser but with some quick thinking. Charlie is given the duty of infiltrating enemy lines further under the guise of a tree trunk. Charlie stumbles into the enemy trenches and captures 13 German soldiers. facing life as a convict if he returns.S. Cast Actor Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Syd Chaplin Henry Bergman Charles Reisner Albert Austin Tom Wilson Loyal Underwood Jack Wilson John Rand J. they attend a music hall where Edna Purviance is singing while being annoyed by the club's patrons. Scraps finds money in a lost wallet. He then awakes from his dream. Park Jones Tom Murray Dean Riesner Mai Wells Mack Swain A Dog's Life The Tramp Bar Singer Shoulder Arms A Recruit French Girl The Pilgrim An escaped convict Miss Brown Boy's Father Sheriff on train Crook - Lunchwagon Owner The Kaiser Unemployed man Agency Clerk Clerk Policeman Field Marshall Chaffeur Sergeant Short German Officer Elder Crown Prince German Soldier U. Shoulder Arms Originally released in the USA in October 1918. They fill the gap in each other's lives and they are no longer lonely – or hungry. a stray dog being attacked. He persistently tries to get a job but there are none left at the employment agency when he gets there. He rescues her and the two form a bond. After this "heroic" act. together. and Edna enjoy their new found happiness. Scraps. Soldier Sheriff Bryan Little Boy Little Boy's Mother Deacon .The Chaplin Revue 152 A Dog's Life Charlie's tramp lives alone on the street. the relatively short black and white silent film ran for 46 minutes and finds Charlie playing the new recruit in the war effort against the Germans. Through sheer dumb luck. Down and out. Charlie manages to thwart their theft and he. Charlie returns to the streets to find Scraps. Charlie has no friends and seems to make enemies with his allies at the drop of the hat. Charlie and Scraps are kicked out and Edna is fired. His fellow soldiers cheer him as a great wartime hero. The Pilgrim An escaped convict (Chaplin) dons the vesture of a clergyman and is mistakenly appointed as the new pastor of the small town of Devil's Gulch. Charlie tries to get their money back but his former life is discovered by the sheriff who takes him to the border of Mexico. Later. which is then stolen by a pack of thieves.
095th – comedy Concerning the DVD release.Conductor Eric Spear ." However. Walter Kerr in The Silent Clowns declares that the . which gives ratings based on average critic scores.Original Music Paul Davies . Scarlett . McCarthy Mel Brown Charles Force Bert Appling Thomas Riley Slim Cole Ted Edwards Louis Fitzroy Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Unemployed man Mrs.Writer Charles Chaplin .Sound Recordist Eric James . 1959 Denmark: July 28.Director Charles Chaplin .Producer Charles Chaplin . Chaplin Release dates • • • • UK: September 1. 1997: Reception The Chaplin Revue was critically acclaimed when released in 1959. 1959 Finland: December 25.Y.Music Arranger Eric Rogers .Editor Bob Jones . some reviewers have been critical of the re-release due to its format. it is ranked: • 88th – 1959 • 835th – 1950s • 3.J. Brown (Edna's Mother) - 153 Crew Credited for the 1959 release: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . To allow for a soundtrack.Sound Recordist Eric Stockl .Sound Recordist J.Editor Derek Parsons . 1960 Germany: October 9.The Chaplin Revue Kitty Bradbury M.Sound Recordist Wally Milner . According to Top Ten Reviews.Music Arranger Jerome Epstein . reviewer Robert Horton says: "This box set is more than film history. the original footage was stretched and certain frames were duplicated. it's a living treasure.Assistant to Mr.J.
2007. shtml). the Writer. the little tramp . com/ reviews/ c/ chaplinrevue. 2007. Retrieved June 28. shtml). 2007.  "'The Chaplin Revue' at IMDb" (http:/ / www. php?/ site/ articles/ charlie_chaplin_biography_the_little_tramp_world_famous_tramp_clown). com/ essays/ chaplin_agee. . is utterly destroyed.world famous tramp clown" (http:/ / www.  "Charlie Chaplin biography.The Chaplin Revue "cadence of all three films. imdb. moviehabit. . Retrieved June 28. . Retrieved June 28. clown-ministry. . and the Lost Screenplay" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved June 28. and of Chaplin's work in them. dvdjournal. com/ title/ tt0050243/ fullcredits)." 154 References  ""The Chaplin Revue: The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www.  ""Chaplin and Agee: The Untold Story of the Tramp. Let no newcomer to the form begin acquaintance with Chaplin on such terms. only the originals will do. 2007. com/ index_1.
most important. There was also a British version with Uncle Sam replaced by John Bull and promotes War Bonds. the film has a distinctive visual motif set in a simple plain black set with starkly lit simple props and arrangements. to K.S. Liberty Bonds during World War I.The Bond 155 The Bond The Bond Directed by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Albert Austin Sydney Chaplin Distributed by First National Pictures Inc. Media A video clip from the silent film. Albert Austin and Sydney Chaplin. the Liberty Bond. The story is a series of sketches humorously illustrating various bonds like the bond of friendship and of marriage and. the Kaiser which Charlie does literally. "The Bond" (1918) . Made in 1918 with Edna Purviance.O. Release date(s) 1918 Running time Country Language 11 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Bond is a propaganda film created by Charlie Chaplin at his own expense for the Liberty Load Committee for theatrical release to help sell U.
The Kaiser External links • The Bond  at the Internet Movie Database • Complete film at Archive. org/ details/ CC_1918_09_29_TheBond .Friend Sydney Chaplin .Charlie Edna Purviance . com/ title/ tt0008907/  http:/ / www. imdb. archive.org  References  http:/ / www.Charlie's Wife Albert Austin .The Bond 156 Cast • • • • Charles Chaplin .
Theatrical poster to Shoulder Arms
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Sydney Chaplin
Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National Pictures 20 October 1918 46 minutes
Silent film English intertitles
Shoulder Arms is Charlie Chaplin's second film for First National Pictures. Released in 1918, it is a silent comedy set in France during World War I. The main part of the film occurs in a dream. It co-starred Edna Purviance and Sydney Chaplin, Chaplin's brother. It was Chaplin's shortest feature film.
Shoulder Arms proved to be Chaplin's most popular film, critically and commercially, up to that point. A review in the October 21, 1918 New York Times was typical: "'The fool's funny,' was the chuckling observation of one of those who saw Charlie Chaplin's new film. Shoulder Arms, at the Strand yesterday — and, apparently, that's the way everybody felt. There have been learned discussions as to whether Chaplin's comedy is low or high, artistic or crude, but no one can deny that when he impersonates a screen fool he is funny. Most of those who go to find fault with him remain to laugh. They may still find fault, but they will keep on laughing."
In the scene where Chaplin (in his tree costume) is being pursued through the forest, cars can be seen traveling on a highway in the background. Although highways in the United States existed when this film was made, they did not exist in Germany. Germany's first highway was built in 1921. Of course, the Western Front was in France, not Germany.
• • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin ... Doughboy Edna Purviance ... French girl Syd Chaplin ... Charlie's Comrade/The Kaiser Jack Wilson ... German Crown Prince Henry Bergman ... Fat German sergeant/Field Marshal von Hindenburg/Bartender Albert Austin ... American Officer/Clean Shaven German Soldier/Bearded German Soldier Tom Wilson ... Dumb German Wood-Cutter John Rand ... U.S. soldier J. Parks Jones ... U.S. soldier (as Park Jones) Loyal Underwood ... Small German officer
• Shoulder Arms  at the Internet Movie Database • Shoulder Arms  available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • Shoulder Arms review at Clown Ministry 
 http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0009611/  http:/ / www. archive. org/ details/ CC_1918_10_20_ShoulderArms  http:/ / www. clown-ministry. com/ index_1. php/ site/ articles/ shoulder_arms_charlie_chaplin/
Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman Tom Wilson
Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National June 15, 1919 34 minutes
Silent film English intertitles
Sunnyside is a 1919 short silent film written, directed and starring Charlie Chaplin. It was his third film for First National Pictures.
Chaplin plays a handyman at a hotel. His love interest in the village is the girl played by Edna Purviance. A young man from the city arrives and appears to have an eye for Edna too. Chaplin tries to win her back.
Sunnyside was produced during a time when, by all accounts, Chaplin's state of creativity was low. It was met with indifference by critics during its original theatrical run. The June 16, 1919 issue of the New York Times contains this review:
"Charlie Chaplin is at the Strand in his latest — "Sunnyside" — so, of course, those who go there will laugh. Chaplin is a farm hand and country hotel clerk this time. He is at his best when depending upon his inimitable pantomime, and least amusing when indulging in slap-stick, in which he is not distinguished from countless other comedians. There is cleverness in "Sunnyside" and good pantomime, but,  also, too much slap-stick.
Boss Henry Bergman .. The New York Times.Farm handyman Edna Purviance . Retrieved May 24.org/details/CC_1919_06_15_Sunnyside) at Internet Archive . http:/ / movies2. A.imdb.Sunnyside (film) 160 Cast • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . O.Villager and Edna's Father Loyal Underwood .archive.com/title/tt0010747/) at the Internet Movie Database • Sunnyside (http://www. 2010. com/ mem/ movies/ review.Village Belle Tom Wilson . External links • Sunnyside (http://www.Fat Boy's Father Tammie Harding Barlow . html?title1=& title2=Sunnyside& reviewer=& v_id=66864& pdate=19190616. nytimes.Dancer #3 References  Scott.
1919 25 min. United States Silent film English (Original intertitles) A Day's Pleasure (1919) is Charlie Chaplin's fourth film for First National Films. It was created at the Chaplin Studio. Edna Purviance plays Chaplin's wife and Jackie Coogan one of the kids. / 18 min. It was a quickly made two-reeler to help fill a gap while working on his first feature The Kid. It is about a day outing with his wife and the kids and things don't go smoothly. December 15.A Day's Pleasure 161 A Day's Pleasure A Day's Pleasure Theatrical poster to A Day's Pleasure Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Marion Feducha Bob Kelly Jackie Coogan Tom Wilson Babe London Henry Bergman Loyal Underwood Charles Chaplin (in 1959 re-release as part of The Chaplin Revue) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) First National Pictures Inc. . The first scene shows the Chaplin Studio corner office in the background while Chaplin tries to get his car started.
html?title1=& title2=Day%27s%20Pleasure%2C%20A& reviewer=& v_id=61918& pdate=19191208 External links • A Day's Pleasure (http://www. with which he is little. as evidenced by this mixed review from the December 8.Small Boy (uncredited) Bob Kelly .Smallest Boy (uncredited) Tom Wilson .A Day's Pleasure 162 Reception A Day's Pleasure is almost universally regarded as Chaplin's least impressive First National film.com/title/tt0010057/) at the Internet Movie Database . Even contemporary critics were muted in their enthusiasm.Small Boy (uncredited) Jackie Coogan . when he tries in vain to solve the mysteries of a collapsible deck chair. He is also funny in many little bits of pantomime and burlesque.Angry Little Man in Street (uncredited) References  http:/ / movies2.Captain. at the Strand. A Day's Pleasure.His Seasick Wife (uncredited) Henry Bergman . and biff-bang slap-stick. 1919 New York Times: "Charlie Chaplin is screamingly funny in his latest picture.Mother Marion Feducha . in which he is inimitable. funnier than many other screen comedians. But most of the time he depends for comedy upon seasickness. Man in Car and Heavy Policeman (uncredited) Loyal Underwood . if any.Large Husband (uncredited) Babe London .imdb." Cast • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . com/ mem/ movies/ review.Father (as Charlie Chaplin) Edna Purviance . a Ford car. nytimes.
The Kid (1921 film)
The Kid (1921 film)
Theatrical poster for The Kid (1921)
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Jackie Coogan Henry Bergman Lita Grey Charles Chaplin (composed 1971)
Cinematography R.H. Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin (uncredited) First National Warner Home Video January 21, 1921 68 minutes USA Silent film English intertitles
The Kid is a 1921 American silent dramedy film written by, produced by, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin, it features Jackie Coogan as his adopted son and sidekick. It was a huge success, and was the second-highest grossing film in 1921, behind The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (see 1921 in film). The Little Tramp (Chaplin) finds an abandoned baby in an alley and takes care of him. As the child gets older, he becomes the Tramp's partner in crime, scamming people in order to survive. Eventually, however, welfare services attempt to take the boy away, resulting in a desperate search and an emotional reunion. This was Charlie Chaplin's first full-length movie.
The Kid (1921 film)
The Kid is notable as being the first feature length comedy film to combine comedy and drama, as one of the opening titles says: "A picture with a smile, and perhaps a tear..." The most famous and enduring sequence in the film is the Tramp's desperate rooftop pursuit of the agents from the orphanage who had taken the child, and their emotional reunion. The film made Coogan, then a vaudeville performer, into the first major child star of the movies. Many Chaplin biographers have attributed the relationship portrayed in the film to have resulted from the death of Chaplin's firstborn infant son just before production began. The portrayal of poverty and the cruelty of welfare workers are also directly reminiscent of Chaplin's own childhood in London. Several of the street scenes were filmed on Los Angeles' famed Olvera Street, almost 10 years before it was converted into a Mexican-themed tourist attraction. After production was completed in 1920, the film was caught up in the divorce actions of Chaplin's first wife Mildred Harris, who sought to attach Chaplin's assets. Chaplin and his associates smuggled the raw negative to Salt Lake City, Utah (reportedly packed in coffee cans) and edited the film in a hotel room there. Before release he negotiated for and received an enhanced financial deal for the film with his distributor, First National Corporation, based on the success of the final film. Chaplin edited and reissued the film in 1971, and he composed a new musical score. Lita Grey, who portrays a tempting angel in the film, became Chaplin's second wife from 1924 to 1927. Chaplin and co-star Coogan met for the last time in 1972, during Chaplin's brief return to America for an Honorary Academy Award.
Cast and credits
• Charlie Chaplin ...The Tramp • Edna Purviance ... Mother • Jackie Coogan ... The Kid ("John") • Carl Miller... The Man • Tom Wilson ... Cop • Jack Coogan Sr... Pickpocket / Guest / Devil • Henry Bergman ... Empresario • Lita Grey ... Angel of Temptation • Written and Directed by Charles Chaplin • Photographed by Roland Totheroh
• The Kid  at the Internet Movie Database • The Kid (1921 film) • The Kid • The Kid
  
at Rotten Tomatoes
on YouTube at Allmovie
• Scenes of The Kid
• Complete movie of The Kid online 
Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid.
The Kid (1921 film)
      http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0012349/ http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ 1052609-kid/ http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=Wp3hgIVdA5M http:/ / www. allmovie. com/ work/ 27169 http:/ / www. cinefeed. com/ 2006/ 11/ 07/ 63-the-kid-premier-long-metrage-de-chaplin http:/ / blip. tv/ file/ 1370788/
1921 32 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Idle Class is a 1921 American silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin for First National Pictures.Tramp and Husband Edna Purviance .Cop in Park and Guest John Rand . Co-starring Mack Swain and Henry Bergman.Sleeping Hobo/Guest in Cop Uniform Al Ernest Garcia .Golfer and Guest Rex Storey . Cast • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin . heads to a resort for warm weather and a bit of golf.The Idle Class 166 The Idle Class The Idle Class Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Henry Bergman Mack Swain Johnnie von Haines (1969) Music by Cinematography Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Charles Chaplin First National September 25.Her Father Henry Bergman .Neglected Wife Mack Swain .Pickpocket and Guest . While at a dance at a country club Edna Purviance mistakes Chaplin for her husband. Charlie Chaplin. as the "Little Tramp".
org/ details/ TheIdleClass .The Idle Class 167 External links • The Idle Class  at the Internet Movie Database • Download & Watch at Archive. archive. com/ title/ tt0012304/  http:/ / www.org  References  http:/ / www. imdb.
Charlie Chaplin wrote. Charlie takes the contents out which are a BIG loaf of bread and a sausage.Pay Day (1922 film) 168 Pay Day (1922 film) Pay Day Theatrical poster to Pay Day (1922) Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Mack Swain Syd Chaplin April 2. and starred in the film. his boss and his bosses daughter on the third. He drills a hole in the bread and stuffs the sausage in. Charlie discovers a burning stick on the barrel when he sits on it. lunch-less Charlie. United States Release date(s) Running time Country Language Silent film English intertitles Pay Day (1922) is an American short film made by First National Pictures. The elevator comes back up just in time. It is notable as Chaplin's final two-reel short film. • Charlie walks by on second level and trips on nail. He stands back up and sits on the ground. directed. He hammers in the nail and goes back to where the barrel was and sits down. Charlie on second. Primary cast • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as Laborer Phyllis Allen as His Wife Mack Swain as Foreman Edna Purviance as Foreman's Daughter Syd Chaplin as Charlie's Friend and Lunch Cart Owner Funny Parts: Lunchtime: Two men on Ground Level. Worker #2 steps on the elevator and it goes down. 1922 28 min. Man #2 places his lunch on the elevator just as it comes back down. As soon as he lets go the elevator goes next to the hungry. The loaf is . Charlie stands up just in time and picks up a hammer. Worker #1 Walks on the elevator and it goes to second level just in time so that Charlie falls on barrel in elevator. He passes it up to the boss and the boss grabs it by the burning end and drops it down on Man #1 on the first floor.
The elevator goes down with the bread and Man #2 takes it. imdb. The elevator goes back up and Charlie cant find the bread so he eats the sausage plain. 169 External links • Pay Day  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. Man #2 is looking for his sausage when the elevator starts descending and his head is underneath it. com/ title/ tt0013486/ . Man #2 pulls his head out just in time.Pay Day (1922 film) too big so he takes a corkscrew and pulls out the sausage. He puts the bread down on the elevator and pulls the sausage off the corkscrew.
the film contained a song. who became a screenwriter in his later years. Purviance also starred in Chaplin's A Woman of Paris (1923) which had Chaplin in a brief cameo. "I'm Bound For Texas". the sheriff releases him at the Mexican border. In 1959.The Pilgrim (film) 170 The Pilgrim (film) The Pilgrim Directed by Written by Starring Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Edna Purviance Kitty Bradbury Syd Chaplin Mack Swain Release date(s) February 26. starring Chaplin and Edna Purviance.Sheriff on Train/Man In Railroad Station . and accepts a position at the local church. He ends up in a small town mistaken for a parson. But rather than incarcerate the Pilgrim.Large Deacon Mai Wells . It is also noted as the first film for Charles Riesner.Mrs.Little Boy Loyal Underwood .The Pilgrim Edna Purviance . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Charles Chaplin .Small Deacon Charles Reisner .Howard Huntington. Chaplin included The Pilgrim as one of three films comprising The Chaplin Revue. The Pilgrim's true identity is revealed when he tries to get a fellow crook to return money the crook stole from the Pilgrim's landlady. The film marks the last time Edna Purviance would co-star with Chaplin and the last film he made for First National. Crook Tom Murray . It was Chaplin's second-shortest feature. Slightly re-edited and fully re-scored.Miss Brown Kitty Bradbury .Little Boy's Mother Dean Riesner .Eloper/Train Conductor/Little Boy's Father Mack Swain .Sheriff Bryan Henry Bergman . words and music written by Chaplin. Synopsis Chaplin plays an escaped convict who steals a minister's clothes to get out of his prison uniform. Brown. Edna's Mother Syd Chaplin . 1923 Running time Country Language 59 min United States Silent film English intertitles The Pilgrim is a 1923 American silent film made by Charlie Chaplin for the First National Film Company. constructed more like a two-reeler from his earlier career. sung by Matt Monroe.
The Pilgrim (film) 171 External links • The Pilgrim  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0014358/ . imdb.
They return to the millionaire's mansion. giving the Tramp two. whereupon the millionaire showers him with gifts. just as the millionaire wakes up and demands the butler let "my friend" in. The Tramp asks to buy flowers. then . City Lights has an ending widely regarded as one of the most moving in cinema history. a romantic comedy written by. Just when she is about to give him his change. He happens upon a blind Flower Girl (Virginia Cherrill). The Tramp convinces him to live. The Flower Girl walks past. Although classified as a comedy. Today it is thought of as one of the highest accomplishments of Chaplin's prolific career. a man gets into a nearby car and drives away. where the Tramp gets a change of clothes. Although "talking" pictures were on the rise since 1928. He buys all her flowers. which later turn out to be ten dollar bills. but when it is unveiled. City Lights was immediately popular. 1931 87 minutes United States English (original title cards) $1.5 million City Lights is a 1931 American silent film. and starring Charlie Chaplin. The next morning. and sits on the steps of the house. and buys a flower. A slapstick scene ensues. It also has the leads Virginia Cherrill and Harry Myers. the Tramp runs into a drunken millionaire (Harry Myers) who is trying to commit suicide. they return to the mansion. where the Tramp shows his wish for an unattainable beautiful woman. The tramp is left outside by the butler. Plot The officials of a city are dedicating a new statue. making her think the Tramp has driven off. The Flower Girl returns home to her simple life with her grandmother (Florence Lee). Chaplin's Tramp is discovered sleeping on it. and then go out on the town. getting tormented by two newsboys. and the millionaire pulls out a wade of banknotes. where the Tramp inadvertently causes much havoc. Broke and homeless he wanders the streets. That evening. directed by. The Tramp doesn't correct her and slinks away.City Lights 172 City Lights City Lights Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Virginia Cherrill Florence Lee Harry Myers Charles Chaplin Music by Cinematography Rollie Totheroh Gordon Pollock Mark Marklatt (uncredited) Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Charlie Chaplin (uncredited) United Artists January 30. coming back only to get a dash of water from her emptied pot. He is chased off by the crowd.
. 173 Slapstick As in other Chaplin movies. each scene has an element of slapstick in it. the girl wonders if he is her mysterious benefactor. Despite a valiant effort. and they'll split the prize money. then reaches for the flower. clean clothing. She jokes to her grandmother that she has "made a conquest. via comedy. when the Tramp chooses to sweep the streets or sets himself up in the boxing ring. He also shows the hardships and many times unbearable conditions of the lower class. leaving the Tramp to fight a no-nonsense replacement. and he nods. When he returns. barely escapes damage which he is completely unaware ofStepping_into_a_sewer. Via the comic scenes. she unknowingly manages to bash the Tramp. His life is contrasted with good food. In each encounter with the blind girl. The Tramp narrowly escapes the police. suddenly finds himself staring at her through the window. He then finds the notice and promises the Girl he will pay it. The Tramp. Slapstick is also used to show how the Tramp unknowingly insults and sometimes openly attacks various institutions and people. The girl takes hold of his hand to place the coin in it and. in every scene. she realizes who he is. the Tramp is thrashed.2C_passing_through_an_unlocked_car. throw the fight. He is shown to be fearful of looking at or even dreaming of a better life. the well-known Charlie Chaplin. he returns to her original street corner. who takes him to the mansion and gives him $1000 for the Girl. The Tramp. He decides to take a job to earn money for her. the Tramp spies her being attended by a doctor. He meets the drunken millionaire again. the girl offers him one of hers and a coin. When a rich man comes into the shop. having sobered up again and planning to leave for a cruise. from mocking the mayor and police to bashing the stuck up butler or the snoopy neighbor. he passes a boxing venue. . dropping a flower pot on his head etc. But the fighter turns out to be a fugitive from justice and flees. in ragged clothes and tormented by the same newsboys. and invites him back for a wild party that the Tramp manages to ruin. But later that day. With her sight restored. The next morning. the millionaire once more tosses out the Tramp. Meanwhile. asking. "Yes.2C_having_the_butler_appear_at_the_right_moment_etc.City Lights drives her home in the millionaire’s Rolls-Royce. But two burglars sneak in and clobber the millionaire. the grandmother receives a notice that she and the Flower Girl will be evicted if they cannot pay their back rent. he is wandering the streets again. he happens to look in to the flower store. a large house. couches and beds. "You can see now?" She holds his hand to her heart and replies. dirty and sloppy. "You?" she says. In the final scene. feeling him. and when he comes to. The revelation of the monument before the acting crowd. before the movie-going crowd. Several months later. I can see now. the Tramp is shown to be short. The Tramp visits the Flower Girl on his lunch break. but she is not there. Dejected. is actually the revelation of the tramp. The opening scene uses funny sounds to depict the important mayor and his wife who are smiling and talking emphatically before the crowd. Searching for the girl. But he returns to work late and is fired. and comfortable and clean chairs." Seeing his flower fall apart in his hand. throwing water in his face. where a fighter convinces him to spar with him. the girl has opened up a flower shop with her grandmother. he accuses the Tramp of stealing." The film closes on Chaplin smiling back at her. using the comic scenes in a symbolic way. and becomes a street-sweeper. and delivers the money to the Girl and promises to return. but hides it and goes out to beg. managing to annoy his new coworker. and sees an ad for an operation that cures blindness. The Tramp begins to leave. but he is picked up by the police and thrown in jail. the millionaire has sobered up and rudely dismisses him and takes the car back. in a clear analogy to part of the opening scene where he is afraid to peer at the model doll of a woman in a dress shop. Returning to the Flower Girl's apartment. he meets the Tramp again while intoxicated.
Chaplin's co-star in The Gold Rush. sound effects. (Approximately seven minutes of test footage of Hale survives and is included on the DVD release. as its soundtrack had synchronized music. beautiful. The films he left behind can never grow old. Orson Welles said it was his favorite film. the renowned Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky placed City Lights as fifth among this top ten and said of Chaplin. and it was his personal favorite of his films. In a 1963 Charlie Chaplin and Virginia Cherrill in City Lights. "[I]n City Lights just the last scene … I’m not acting …." . As a filmmaker.) When Chaplin completed the film. The dialogue was presented on intertitles. and because it isn’t over-acted. Especially fond of the final scene. was his last film before the motion picture industry embraced sound recording and brought the silent movie era to a close. Enthusiastically received by Great Depression-era audiences. interview in the American magazine Cinema. silent films had become generally unpopular. At one point he fired Virginia Cherrill and began re-filming with Georgia Hale. excerpts were first seen in the documentary Unknown Chaplin along with an unused opening sequence from the film. Almost apologetic. In 1949. In 1972. Chaplin could still conceive City Lights as a silent film." The film was re-released in 1950. the film was one of Chaplin's most financially successful and critically acclaimed works. Technically the film was a crossover. standing outside myself and looking … It’s a beautiful scene. Chaplin was known for being a perfectionist. Stanley Kubrick rated City Lights as fifth among his top ten films. silent films were anachronistic. Several well-known directors have praised City Lights. This proved too expensive.City Lights 174 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as A Tramp Virginia Cherrill as A Blind Girl Florence Lee as The Blind Girl's Grandmother Harry Myers as An Eccentric Millionaire Al Ernest Garcia as His Butler (as Allan Garcia) Hank Mann as A Prizefighter Robert Parrish as Newsboy Henry Bergman as Mayor and Man in Basement Albert Austin as Street Sweeper Jean Harlow Uncredited Extra Production Chaplin's feature The Circus." Reception Chaplin was nervous about reception of the film because by this time. Hollywood had switched to sound films by the end of 1929. so he re-hired Cherrill to finish City Lights. "He is the only person to have gone down into cinematic history without any shadow of a doubt. he was notable for doing many more "takes" than other directors at the time. the critic James Agee wrote in Life magazine. But City Lights was one of the great financial and artistic successes of Chaplin's career. and some unintelligible sounds that copied speech pattern films. that the final scene was the "greatest single piece of acting ever committed to celluloid. released in 1928. As his own producer and distributor (part owner of United Artists). he said.
the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres. City Lights ranked 45th on the critics' list. 2002  "AFI's 10 Top 10" (http:/ / www. from a poll of more than 1500 people in the creative community. afi. com/ biography/ articles/ 4-City-Lights). Visual Memory Website  British Film Institute: The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll: 1952 (http:/ / www. . bfi. Retrieved 2008-06-18. html). 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #11 AFI's 10 Top 10 #1 Romantic Comedy References  Kerr... Walter. Celebrated Italian director Federico Fellini has often praised this film and his Nights of Cabiria refers to it. Slavoj Žižek used the film as a primary example in his essay. City Lights was voted the best film in the romantic comedy genre. co. directors were polled separately. AFI revealed its "10 Top 10". the Library of Congress selected City Lights for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally. historically. Hero #38 AFI's 100 Years.... In 1992. after Vittorio DeSica's Bicycle Thieves." In 2007. 100 Passions #10 • AFI's 100 Years. org. British Film Institute. In June 2008. "Why Does a Letter Always Arrive at Its Destination?" (first chapter in Enjoy Your Symptom! Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and Out). org. 100 Heroes and Villains: • • • • • The Tramp. the American Film Institute's tenth anniversary edition of "100 Years. French experimental musician and film critic Michel Chion has written an analysis of City Lights.. In 1952. 100 Laughs #38 AFI's 100 Years. org.. New York: DaCapo Press. . Charlie Chaplin Website  "A Biographic Sketch of Stanley Kubrick" (http:/ / www. they ranked the film as 19th overall. uk/ amk/ doc/ milestones. charliechaplin. 2008-06-17. published as Les Lumières de la ville. html)...City Lights George Bernard Shaw called Chaplin "the only genius to come out of the movie industry". bfi. html).100 Movies" ranked City Lights as the eleventh greatest American film of all time. or aesthetically significant. bfi. In 2002.. For example. Sight and Sound magazine issued the results of its first poll for "The Best Films of All Time" and City Lights was voted #2. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ history/ 1952. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ poll/ critics-long. British Film Institute. 100 Movies #76 • AFI's 100 Years.. In the 2003 documentary Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin. Woody Allen said it was Chaplin's best picture. That same year. 175 American Film Institute recognition • AFI's 100 Years. visual-memory. American Film Institute. 2002  "The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 (directors' list)" (http:/ / www. 1990 ISBN 0306803879  City Lights (http:/ / www. The film has been studied and written about by American and international film critics and scholars. The Kubrick Site. Allen is said to have based the final scene of his 1979 film Manhattan on the final scene of City Lights. 100 Cheers #33 AFI's 100 Years. html)  "The Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 (critics' list)" (http:/ / www. The Silent Clowns. uk/ sightandsound/ topten/ poll/ directors-long... html).. com/ 10top10/ romanticcomedy.
City Lights 176 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.charliechaplin.com/title/tt0021749/) at the Internet Movie Database City Lights (http://www.com/biography/articles/4-City-Lights) City Lights (http://www.php/site/articles/ city_lights_charlie_chaplin_virginia_cherrill_dvd_review/).com/index_1.clown-ministry.com/m/city_lights/) at Rotten Tomatoes City Lights (http://tcmdb.com/work/9751) at Allmovie City Lights (http://www.jsp?stid=324720) at the TCM Movie Database City Lights (http://www.imdb.rottentomatoes. Clown Ministry .com/title/title.allmovie.
Clair and her beau. and Jean tells her his father has died. with Jean promising to follow her. The friend gives Marie the address. On the night before their scheduled departure. She asks why he is in mourning. arriving by taxi. 1923 Running time Country Language 93 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles A Woman of Paris is a feature-length silent film that debuted in 1923. Her stepfather sees them strolling down a lane and locks her out of the house. Marie goes to the train station. was written. Marie climbs down from her second-floor bedroom for a rendezvous with Jean. directed. The film. French Adolphe Menjou Louis F. Gottschalk (original score) Charlie Chaplin (1976 release) Music by Distributed by United Artists (1923 release) Release date(s) September 26. It is also known as A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate." Jean does invite Marie to his home. Marie asks when and Jean replies. an atypical drama film for its creator. Jean furiously knocks on the front door and reminds the older man that he's locked out his daughter. produced and later scored by Charlie Chaplin.A Woman of Paris 177 A Woman of Paris A Woman gf of Paris Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Edna Purviance Clarence Geldart Carl Miller Lydia Knott Charles K. "Perhaps (Jean) will give you a bed for the night. plan to leave their small French village for Paris. a friend calls and invites her to a raucous party in the Latin Quarter. and when Jean telephones Marie at the station to tell her he can't go with her to Paris. she gets on the train and makes the trip alone. In Paris. Plot Marie St. Jean calls on Marie at her apartment to begin the painting. "The night you left. Marie enjoys a life of luxury as the mistress of wealthy businessman Pierre Revel. But Jean's father has died while sitting in his chair in front of the fireplace. When the couple returns. where they will marry. aspiring artist Jean Millet. One night when Marie is alone in the apartment Revel has provided for her. and Marie notices he is wearing a black armband. The stepfather dismisses Jean's complaint and tells Marie. either." . It turns out that Jean's parents are not thrilled with their son's romance with Marie. but admits that she can't remember whether the apartment is in the building on the right or the left. but he makes it clear that he lives with his parents and his mother will fix a bed for Marie. enters the wrong building and is surprised to be greeted by Jean Millet. Marie. Marie tells Jean she would like for him to paint her portrait and gives him a card with her address.
Jean stands by the fountain in the restaurant's foyer. One night Jean slips a gun into his coat pocket and goes to the exclusive restaurant where Marie and Pierre are dining.A Woman of Paris Marie and Jean revive their romance. . Marie tells Pierre she'll be leaving soon. Jean fails to convince Marie he didn't mean what she overheard him say to his mother in an attempt to appease the older woman. However. Chaplin had several reasons for producing this film. Jean's mother is touched by Marie's display of grief. He has a brief cameo as a porter in a train station. The film was largely inspired by Chaplin's brief 1922 romance with Peggy Hopkins Joyce. Clair?" Pierre replies that he doesn't know. The two women reconcile and return to the French countryside. most obvious. 178 Production Several things set this film apart from Chaplin's other work. There is no slapstick comedy. The other major difference between this and most of Chaplin's other work is that the film is supposed to be a serious drama. but Pierre isn't so sure. this was intended. Pierre's automobile and the horse-drawn wagon then pass each other. Jean's mother retrieves the gun and goes to Marie's apartment. Marie and the girl meet a group of sharecroppers with a horse-drawn wagon. and Marie begins to distance herself from Pierre Revel. the film did help Adolphe Menjou gain some recognition. He tells his mother the proposal was spur-of-the-moment and not serious. Jean and Pierre get into a scuffle and Jean is ejected from the dining room. argues with him about marrying Marie. with whom he shares the simple Paris apartment. The police carry Jean's body to his apartment. A chastened Marie returns to Pierre Revel. Jean starts to leave in anger but. Pierre's companion asks him. is that he does not appear in the film. Jean finishes Marie's portrait. Jean's mother returns to the apartment and finds Marie kneeling by Jean's body and sobbing. At the same time. Clair. "What ever happened to that Marie St. he outfits her in the simple dress she wore on the night she left for Paris. Pierre sees the note and invites Jean to join them. Jean's mother. who offer them a ride back in the wagon. Pierre knows about Jean but also realizes that Marie has become fond of the luxuries she enjoys as his mistress. Edna Purviance plays the lead as Marie St. Most people seeing the film will not realize that it is actually Chaplin. Edna Purviance was never able to achieve the level of success that she had in films with Chaplin's Tramp at her side. after opening the door. This role was supposed to be inconspicuous and he is not even listed in the credits for it (though he precedes the film with a title card which explains that he does not appear). leaves the door ajar as he goes to apologize to his mother. and one of these reasons was to help Purviance gain recognition as an actress without Chaplin at her side. Jean proposes to Marie. but instead of painting her wearing the elegant outfit she chose for the sitting. heading in opposite directions. where they open a home for orphans in a country cottage. Pierre Revel and another gentleman are riding through the French countryside in a chauffeur-driven automobile. pulls out the gun and fatally shoots himself. Marie's maid tells her that Marie has gone to her son's studio. Despite this attempt. at least not in his traditional role of the tramp. whose stories of her romantic adventures in Europe provided the framework of the screenplay. Marie happens to arrive unexpectedly outside Jean's apartment at that moment. One morning Marie and one of the girls in her care walk down the lane to get a pail of milk. Another was because he wanted to try staying behind the camera and attempt his first real drama. Jean asks the maitre d' to give Marie a note asking her to meet him one last time. The first.
French . the score he composed is credited as being the final completed work of his 75 year career.Pierre Revel Betty Morrissey . and that he hopes the public will find these deviations enjoyable. There were two efforts made to help "ease" the public into the idea of Chaplin doing a film without Chaplin in it. The film's box office failure was painful for Chaplin.Marie St. and it is credited with influencing later filmmakers. In fact. Some consider it to be the first true Chaplin feature.A Woman of Paris 179 Reception The public did not receive this film very well.Porter External links • A Woman of Paris  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. In particular.replacing the original score by Louis F. and after its initial release it was not seen by the public for over fifty years. Clair Clarence Geldart . Cast • • • • • • • • • • Edna Purviance .Paulette Henry Bergman (uncredited) . Critical response to the film was very positive. the film's characters and their motivations had a complexity that was new to cinema. a year before his death. Chaplin reissued the edited film with a new musical score -.in 1976. Gottschalk -. The film also contains a message at the beginning stating that Chaplin will not be appearing in the film. Chaplin had flyers given to those in line. Some film historians have speculated about what the public's reaction would have been if they did not know A Woman of Paris did not star Chaplin — it may have been received much differently.Jean Millet Lydia Knott . since it is the first feature done under the company he co-founded United Artists. Chaplin was very popular at this time.Jean's Father Adolphe Menjou .Fifi Malvina Polo . imdb.Marie's Father Carl Miller .Head Waiter Charles Chaplin (uncredited) . On the night the film premiered. The flyers essentially state that this is a deviation from his normal work. com/ title/ tt0014624/ .Jean's Mother Charles K. and many went to this film expecting to see Chaplin in his traditional role.
The film also stars Georgia Hale. it received an Academy Awards nomination for Best Sound Recording (see re-release below). Chaplin declared several times that this was the film that he most wanted to be remembered for. . directed by. Mack Swain. Henry Bergman. produced. 1925 Taken at 24 frame/s: 96 minutes United States English $923.000 Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget The Gold Rush is a 1925 silent film comedy written. Though a silent film. Fields Roland Totheroh Charlie Chaplin United Artists June 26. and starring Charlie Chaplin in his Little Tramp role.The Gold Rush 180 The Gold Rush The Gold Rush Theatrical poster to The Gold Rush (1925) Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Georgia Hale Mack Swain Tom Murray Henry Bergman Malcolm Waite Charlie Chaplin Carli Elinor Max Terr James L. Malcolm Waite. Tom Murray.
retaining only the film's opening scene. documentaries such as Unknown Chaplin and Chaplin Today: The Gold Rush do not contain any film footage of her. Cast • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as The Tramp (labeled as The Lone Prospector) Mack Swain as Big Jim McKay Tom Murray as Black Larsen Malcolm Waite as Jack Cameron Georgia Hale as Georgia Henry Bergman as Hank Curtis Background Lita Grey was originally cast as the leading lady. After taking a job looking after another prospector's cabin.001 at the box office in 1926. He abandoned most of this footage (which included him being chased through the snow by Big Jim. he actually receives the note from her. He soon finds himself waylaid by the prospector he met earlier. The Tramp is carving up a boot. after which they part ways. ending with the prospector receiving a blow to the head and the fugitive falling off a cliff to his death. One sequence was altered in the 1942 re-release so that instead of the Tramp finding a note from Georgia which he mistakenly believes is for him. reflected the state of their relationship by that time (Chaplin's marriage to Lita Grey having collapsed during production of the film). the sound version ends before this scene. Bad weather strands him in a remote cabin with a prospector who has found a large gold deposit (Mack Swain) and an escaped fugitive (Tom Murray). Chaplin attempted to film many of the scenes on location near Truckee. taking in more than $4. Another major alteration is the ending. The Tramp he was with eventually finds himself in a gold rush town where he ultimately decides to give up prospecting. in early 1924. in which the two kiss. Chaplin proclaimed at the time of its release that this was the film for which he wanted to be remembered. in which the now-wealthy Tramp originally gave Georgia a lingering kiss. Hale discusses her relationship with Chaplin in her memoir Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups. he falls in love with a lonely saloon girl (Georgia Hale) whom he mistakenly thinks has fallen in love with him. and she was replaced in the film by Georgia Hale. Now. where elaborate Klondike sets were constructed. indicating no such footage survives. who has developed amnesia and needs the Tramp to help him find his claim by leading him to the cabin. The final film was shot on the backlot and stages at Chaplin's Hollywood studio. California. they share a romantic moment by the old house. Hale revealed that she had idolized Chaplin since childhood and that the final scene of the original version. The Gold Rush was a huge success in the US and worldwide. . instead of just around the hut as in the final cut). Although photographs of Grey exist in the role.250. It is in fact the highest grossing silent comedy film. Discussing the making of the film in the documentary series Unknown Chaplin.The Gold Rush 181 Plot The Tramp (Charlie Chaplin) travels to the Yukon to take part in the Klondike Gold Rush. It is the fifth highest grossing silent film in cinema history. Chaplin married Grey in mid-1924. with the prospector and the fugitive fighting over the prospector's claim.
. The bit was briefly homaged by Curly Howard in the 1935 Three Stooges film Pardon My Scotch. Fields were nominated for Academy Awards in 1943. taking the original silent 1925 film and composing and recording a musical score. Jack. The new music score by Max Terr and the sound recording by James L. like most silent movies it was originally shot and exhibited at a slower speed. as it has more thought and originality than even such masterpieces of mirth as The Kid and Shoulder Arms. although Roscoe Arbuckle did something similar in the 1917 movie The Rough House which co-starred Buster Keaton.  converted to a sound version in this fashion. The Gold Rush was the first of Chaplin's classic silents that he Another original release poster.. Pop culture references The "roll dance" the tramp character performs in the film is considered one of the most memorable scenes in film history.. 24 frames per second. As noted above. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #58 . 100 Movies #74 • 2000 AFI's 100 Years. The Gold Rush was generally praised by critics. Mordaunt Hall wrote in The New York Times: Here is a comedy with streaks of poetry. As revealed in the 2003 DVD release. another change eliminated a subplot in which Charlie is tricked into believing Georgia is in love with him by Georgia's paramour. linked with brusqueness and boisterousness. 100 Laughs #25 • 2007 AFI's 100 Years. and tightening the editing which reduced the film's running time by several minutes. pathos. American Film Institute recognition • 1998 AFI's 100 Years. as even the DVD-restored print of the 1925 original shows noticeable degradation of image and missing frames. In 1992 The Gold Rush was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. Besides removing the kiss at the end. i. Chaplin released a new version of The Gold Rush.. adding a narration which he recorded himself. tenderness. the reissue of The Gold Rush also served to preserve most of the footage from the original film. historically. Critical reception In its original 1925 release. Chaplin also changed some plot points.The Gold Rush 182 1942 re-release In 1942. It is the outstanding gem of all Chaplin's pictures. In more recent times. artifacts not in evidence in the 1942 version... it was replicated by Johnny Depp's character in the 1993 film Benny and Joon and by Grampa Simpson in the 1994 episode of The Simpsons entitled "Lady Bouvier's Lover". or aesthetically significant". The film is also shortened by being run at 'sound speed'.e.
However. com/ exercises. Roy Export S. copyright protection continues in most countries until 2047 (70 years from Chaplin's death). The 1925 version of The Gold Rush was based upon an underlying unpublished dramatic composition "The Gold Rush. The CopyrightData. Since 1996 (for the reasons discussed below) the 1925 version of the film is no longer in the public domain. that is incorrect. A Woman of Paris.The Gold Rush 183 Copyright issues U. html)  Copyright Act of Canada Term of copyright (http:/ / laws.S. Copyright Office at the time of its release in 1925.com/title/title. copyright of the original 1925 version The original 1925 version of The Gold Rush was registered in the U.rottentomatoes.  CopyrightData. copyrightdata.com argues that the 1925 version of The Gold Rush remains in the public domain in the United States. and The Circus.imdb.com/title/tt0015864/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Gold Rush (http://www. re-scored. ca/ en/ showdoc/ cs/ C-42/ bo-ga:l_I-gb:s_6/ / en#anchorbo-ga:l_I-gb:s_6). Copyright of the original 1925 version outside the U.  Copyright Law: Duration of Copyright fact sheet (http:/ / www.org/gold. Because the copyright was not renewed when the first term of copyright ended in 1953. and re-issued The Kid.S.archive.com article bases its argument for public domain status on an exception to that treatment based on the relative dates of first publication of a work inside and outside the United States. justice.A. the film obtains its protection by its relationship to another copyrighted work.boxofficemojo. However.  References  In 1959 Chaplin re-edited The Pilgrim as part of The Chaplin Revue. While that copyright registration was not renewed either. External links • The Gold Rush (http://www.. copyrightservice. and in the 1970s he reedited. New York Times.allmovie. Copyright Office in 1925.com/work/20145) at Allmovie • The Gold Rush (http://www. The 1925 version of The Gold Rush regained copyright protection as a result of the treatment of works by foreign authors under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA).com/film. Outside the U. An article on CopyrightData.S. & v_id=20145& pdate=19250817& oref=slogin).S. and in Canada until 2027 (50 years from Chaplin's death).jsp?stid=5779) at the TCM Movie Database • The Greatest Films: The Gold Rush (http://www.filmsite. uk/ copyright/ p10_duration). protection for the dramatic composition was restored in 1996 via GATT and URAA.html) • Bibliography (http://film. the film fell into the public domain in the United States at that time. August 17. co. The& reviewer=MORDAUNT HALL.org/details/TheGoldRush_910) available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] • The Gold Rush (http://www.com/m/the-gold-rush/) at Rotten Tomatoes • The Gold Rush (http://www.S.com/movies/?id=goldrush.php?filmid=378) . public performance and distribution of it will infringe upon the exclusive rights of the owner of the copyright in the underlying dramatic composition. As a result. the 1925 version of the film (which is a derivative work based upon the copyright protected dramatic composition) is no longer in the public domain since the reproduction. UK Copyright Service.com discussion of Chaplin post-1917 copyrights (http:/ / chart. 1925. gc.S. A Comedy Drama in Three Acts" which was separately registered in the U. nytimes. html?_r=1& title1=& title2=Gold Rush. The Gold Rush (review) (http:/ / movies2. 2004.virtual-history. com/ mem/ movies/ review.  Mordaunt Hall.htm) at Box Office Mojo • The Gold Rush (http://tcmdb.
the ringmaster hires him. . as well as Chaplin's bitter divorce from his second wife Lita Grey.8 million dollars in 1928. The story once again follows Chaplin's Little Tramp character. Taken to be part of the circus act. the death of Chaplin's mother. including a studio fire. and the Internal Revenue Service's claims of Chaplin's owed back taxes. not on purpose. Harry Crocker. all of which culminated in   filming being stalled for eight months. and seeing the profit potential of the Tramp. Merna Kennedy. Al Ernest Garcia. but discovers that the Tramp can only be funny unintentionally. 1928 Running time Country Language 70 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles The Circus is a 1928 silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin with Joseph Plunkett as an uncredited writer. George Davis and Henry Bergman. The production of the film was the most difficult experience in Chaplin's career. The Circus was the seventh highest grossing silent film in cinema history taking in more than $3. The film stars Chaplin.The Circus (film) 184 The Circus (film) The Circus Original US poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Al Ernest Garcia Merna Kennedy Henry Bergman Günter Kochan (1969) Music by Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) January 6. Numerous problems and delays occurred.
 with the very first feature sound film. though the new couple want him to remain as part of the circus. and while its performance at the box office was good. the ringmaster's stepdaughter. John Rand as an assistant property man/clown. The Vagabond (1916). His romantic attraction to Merna. delaying production for a month. the Tramp stumbles into the middle of a circus performance and unknowingly becomes the hit of the show.. Merna Kennedy as the stepdaughter of the ringmaster and a circus rider. having been released just months earlier. Filming Filming began on January 11. A major fire broke out at Chaplin's studios in September. The film was released right at the beginning of the sound film era. The show is moving on without him. 1928. at the Strand Theatre. Release The Circus finally premiered in New York City on January 6. and in Los Angeles on January 27 at Grauman's Chinese Theatre. a tightrope walker and rival suitor.  After the first month of filming. Sandford. In late 1925. He filmed that sequence four days after the release of 'The Jazz Singer' (the first successful talkie) in New York. The Jazz Singer (1927).The Circus (film) 185 Plot The Tramp (Chaplin) is mistakenly suspected as a pickpocket and chased by the police. restoration work was able to eventually adjust the negative. The Circus was well received by audiences and critics. George Davis as the magician. Al Ernest Garcia as the circus proprietor and ringmaster. Harry Crocker as Rex. When he put a score to 'The Circus' in 1928. Film historian Jeffrey Vance views The Circus as an autobiographical metaphor: He joins the circus and revolutionizes the cheap little knockabout comedy among the circus clowns. is thwarted by Rex. a tight rope walker/disgruntled property man/clown. Set designer Danny Hall sketched out Chaplin's early ideas for the film. Production Development Chaplin first began discussing his ideas for a film about a circus as early as 1920. and drawing upon similar story ideas and themes for The Circus.It reminds me of Chaplin and his place in the world of the cinema. Critics consider The Gold Rush and The Circus Chaplin's two best comedies. Cast • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as a tramp. he returned from New York to California and began working on developing the film at Charlie Chaplin Studios. it was discovered that the film negative had been scratched. He is hired by the circus ringmaster and becomes part of the group. But by the end of the movie. Running away. the circus is packing up and moving on without him. 1926 and the majority was completed by November. This results in the Tramp's failure as a clown as well as a lover. and becomes an enormous star. with Chaplin returning to one of his older films. Henry Bergman as the old clown. Tiny Sandford as Stanley J. it earned less than The Gold Rush (1925). Chaplin's left alone in the empty circus ring. and litigation delayed the release of the film for another year. the head property man. In the end. the Tramp takes the initiative for the marriage of Merna and Rex and he leaves the group. .  Chaplin was served with divorce papers by Lita Grey in December..
Encyclopedia of World Biography.  King. directing and producing The Circus. (2003).). charliechaplin.  Lynn 1997. charliechaplin. ISBN 0520221281. Susan (2002-10-16). The New York Times. . Chaplin and American Culture: The Evolution of a Star Image. A new version of the film opened in New York on December 15.  Mitchell 1997.  Crafton. Charlie. only Chaplin played it slowly and sorrowfully. 34. . The Talkies: American Cinema's Transition to Sound. Chaplin composed a new musical score for the film and a recording of him singing "Swing High Little Girl" playing over the opening credits. 16. p. In 1967. 57.. Harry N. p. Chaplin. com/ biography/ articles/ 1-The-Circus). See also: American Film Institute (1997). Donald (1999).  Milton. Special Award To Charles Chaplin for acting. 2003). 308. charliechaplin. p. 313. ISBN 0810945320. University of California Press. Eric L.com. pp. ISSN 0042-2738. Robinson. David (2004). 17. E. . Warner Bros. 1926-1931. MK2TV. com/ biography/ articles/ 84-Swing-little-girl). (1991). 58. Gale.  Weddle. 390. 438–440. 1969 with the new score. ISBN 0691028605. Mark (2004). nytimes. . Kusturica. Elliott. Roger (1969-12-16).3. p. . Nancy (1994-09-30). "The Circus" (http:/ / www. 256. Emir.  Ede 2003. Abram. com/ silentfilm/ bookshelf/ 7_v_32_4. p. Variety. "Little Tramp:'Circus..  Ede. "The Circus: The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www. Da Capo Press. dvdjournal. "The Uncertainty of Sound". p. The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. University of California Press. although most unofficial lists of nominations include him.  "Charles Spencer Chaplin". com/ movie/ review?res=9F05E1D7123CEE34BC4E52DFB4678382679EDE).  Mitchell 1997. Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. Krafsur. htm).  Mitchell 1997. p. p. 1961-1970. Variety.  "Biggest Money Picture" (http:/ / www. 1. The DVD Journal. 4. 3 (2nd ed. but the Academy took Chaplin out of the running by giving him a Special Award. Chaplin in the Sound Era: An Analysis of the Seven Talkies. cinemaweb. Part 2. Richard P. It was released in London in December 1970. David (April 28. (1997).  Maland. ISBN 078640325X. 2004. . Notes  Bourne. charliechaplin. Retrieved 29 October 2010. Jeffrey (2003). Joyce (1998). France: Association Chaplin.' '28 Film With Chaplin. 59. 179. Producer) Best Director of a Comedy Picture Charlie Chaplin Best Actor Best Writing (Original Story) Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin The Academy took him out of the running for the Awards and gave him a Special Award. p. ISBN 0306808315. "`Circus' is pure sound of `silents'". p. "Chaplin's big-top tension. p. Raabe. François (director). 186 Accolades Charlie Chaplin was nominated for four Academy Awards. "A familiar tune: Chaplin's `Circus' to be shown with original score". 1932. Reviews. David (1994-12-01). writing. ed.  Lynn 1997. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. Greenspun. on and off the screen".  Flom. France 5.  Vance. com/ reviews/ c/ circus. p. 6. shtml). The Academy no longer lists Chaplin's nominations in their official list of nominees. Princeton University Press. June 21. Los Angeles Times. Is Revived" (http:/ / movies.com. Award Best Production Nominee United Artists (Charlie Chaplin. "Nothing Obvious or Easy: Chaplin's Feature Films".The Circus (film) Chaplin scored that sequence with 'Blue Skies. pp. 182–183. McFarland. like a funeral dirge.' the song Jolson had made famous. [DVD]. Charles J. ISBN 0520209702. Chaplin Today: The Circus. The San Diego Union: p. "Swing Little Girl" (http:/ / www.
Charlie Chaplin and his Times. Further reading • Vance.com/title/tt0018773/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Circus (http://www.com/work/9707) at Allmovie . Glenn (1997).T. ""The Circus": A Chaplin Masterpiece" (http://www. ISBN 0713479388. Kenneth Schuyler (1997).The Circus (film) 187 References • Lynn.jstor. • Mitchell. External links • Official website (http://http://www.allmovie.com/en/articles/1) • The Circus (http://www. B. The Chaplin Encyclopedia. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 068480851X.charliechaplin. Batsford Ltd.imdb.org/pss/3815334). Film History (Indiana University Press) 8 (2): 186–208. Jeffrey (1996).
. Stanley Sandford and Chester Conklin. Modern Times was deemed "culturally significant" by the Library of Congress in 1989. and was written and directed by Chaplin. Paulette Goddard. Henry Bergman. and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.) $8. The film is a comment on the desperate employment and fiscal conditions many people faced during the Great Depression. The movie stars Chaplin.5 Million Modern Times is a 1936 comedy film by Charlie Chaplin that has his iconic Little Tramp character struggling to survive in the modern. conditions created.000 (est. in Chaplin's view. by the efficiencies of modern industrialization.500. Morgan Roland Totheroh Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Williard Nico United Artists (1930s-2003) MK2 Editions (2003-2010) Janus Films/Criterion (2010-present) February 5. it was screened out of competition at the 2003  Cannes Film Festival.Modern Times (film) 188 Modern Times (film) Modern Times Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard (uncredited) Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard Henry Bergman Stanley Sandford Chester Conklin Charlie Chaplin Music by Cinematography Ira H. industrialized world. Fourteen years later. 1936 87 minutes English $1.
and attempts to get arrested after failing to get a decent job. . His act proves a hit. the gamin takes him to a new home – a run-down shack which she admits "isn't Buckingham Palace" but will do. he soon abandoned these attempts and reverted to a silent format with synchronized sound effects. which when projected at "sound speed". which crashes. he suffers a mental breakdown that causes him to run amok throwing the factory into chaos. or to successfully deliver a roast duck to table. When police arrive to arrest the gamin for her earlier escape. Available prints of the film now correct this. Dreaming of a better life. Two weeks later. However. and went as far as writing a dialogue script and experimenting with some sound scenes. he is arrested once more. Chaplin is sent to a hospital. and the girl convinces the reluctant Chaplin to escape with her. who is fleeing the police after stealing a loaf of bread. beginning on October 11. played by Paulette Goddard. and she tries to get him a job as a singer. a witness reveals his deception and he is freed. mistaking it film's most famous scene. Chaplin reads about a new factory and lands a job there. By night. Most of the film was shot at "silent speed". 24 frames per second. he loses a cuff that bears the lyrics of his song. words in (or made up of word parts from) multiple languages and mock sentence structure while pantomiming. The next morning. To save the girl he tells police that he is the thief and ought to be arrested. he eats an enormous amount of food at a cafeteria without paying. After being subjected to such indignities as being force-fed by a "modern" feeding machine and an accelerating assembly line where Chaplin screws nuts at an ever-increasing rate onto pieces of machinery. Accidentally paddling a brick into a policeman. Production • • • • Director: Charles Chaplin Producer: Charles Chaplin Screenwriter: Charles Chaplin Director of Photography: Roland Totheroh Chaplin began preparing the film in 1934 as his first "talkie". but he rescues his act by improvising the story using an amalgam of word play. sneaks the gamin into the store and even lets burglars have some food. However. Following his recovery the now unemployed Chaplin is arrested as an instigator in a Communist demonstration since he was waving a red flag that fell off a delivery truck (Chaplin intended to return the flag to The Tramp working on the giant machine in the the driver). Finally. In order to get arrested again. he accidentally eats smuggled cocaine. Waking up the next morning in a pile of clothes. employed on an assembly line. 1934 and ending on August 30. The dialogue experiments confirmed his long-standing conviction that the universal appeal of the Tramp would be lost if the character ever spoke on screen. he is arrested again. During his floor show. we see them walking down a road at dawn. he discovers life is harsh. He is hailed a hero and is released. he becomes an efficient waiter though he finds it difficult to tell the difference between the "in" and "out" doors to the kitchen. for salt. 1935. In his subsequent delirious state he walks into a jailbreak and knocks out the convicts. Ten days later.Modern Times (film) 189 Plot Modern Times portrays Chaplin as a factory worker. he gets a job as a night watchman at a department store. He soon runs into an orphan girl (the "gamine"). He gets his boss trapped in machinery. Outside the jail. makes the slapstick action appear even more frenetic. 18 frames per second. He meets up with the gamin in the paddy wagon. they escape again. In jail. but manages to extricate him. The other workers decide to go on strike. towards an uncertain but hopeful future. The duration of filming was long. he is released and learns that the gamin is a café dancer.
would be fully fledged "talkies" – although without the character of the Little Tramp. New York The film exhibits notable similarities to a 1931 French film directed by René Clair entitled À nous la liberté (Liberty for Us) — the assembly line sequence is a clear instance. and its unflattering portrayal of industrial society generated controversy in some quarters upon its initial release. forbade the depiction of illegal drug use in films). This was Chaplin's first overtly political-themed film. established in 1930. was flattered by the notion that the film icon might imitate him. The German film company Tobis Film sued Chaplin following the film's release to no avail. Raksin later created scores for such films as Laura and The Day After. They sued again after World War II (considered revenge for Chaplin's later anti-Nazi statements in The Great Dictator). Michael Jackson and Robert Downey. The romance theme was later given lyrics. often in the washroom. Chaplin would sit. first recorded by Nat King Cole and later covered by artists as Sammy Davis Jr. Judy Garland. and arranged with the assistance of Alfred Newman. hats. however. World premiere of Modern Times (1936). The lyrics are nonsensical but appear to have words from French and Italian. Madeleine Peyroux. Diana Ross. This time. Reception Modern Times is often hailed as one of Chaplin's greatest achievements. Jr. The film did attract criticism for being almost completely silent. the music score was composed by Chaplin himself. Liberace. The iconic depiction of Chaplin working frantically to keep up with an assembly line inspired later comedy routines including Disney's Der Fuehrer's Face (Donald Duck alternately assembling artillery shells and saluting portraits of Adolf Hitler) and an episode of I Love Lucy titled "Job Switching" (Lucy and Ethel trying to keep up with an ever-increasing volume of chocolate candies. and feared it would alienate his fans in non-English speaking territories. eventually stuffing them in their mouths. Eric Clapton. Liberté director Clair was an outspoken admirer of Chaplin. Michael Bublé. Chaplin was a violinist and had some musical knowledge. Barbra Streisand. Dean Martin.Modern Times (film) The reference to drugs seen in the prison sequence is somewhat daring for the time (since the production code. humming tunes and telling Raksin to "take this down". they settled with Chaplin out of court. the music was written by him as a young man wanting to make a name for himself. According to film composer David Raksin. Chaplin famously feared that the mystery and romanticism of the tramp character would be ruined if he spoke. Raksin's job was to turn the humming into a score and create timings and synchronization that fit the situations. but he was not an orchestrator and was unfamiliar with synchronization. The Chaplin's version is also known as The Nonsense Song for he sang it in gibberish (due to losing the shirt cuff on which he had written the lyrics of the song and being forced to make up the lyrics on the spot). (included on the soundtrack for the film Chaplin).. 190 Music According to the official documents. His future films. Modern Times was the first film where Chaplin's voice is heard as he performs the Léo Daniderff's comical song Je cherche après Titine. Trini Lopez. released in 1917. and blouses). Petula Clark. and became the pop standard "Smile". and it remains one of his most popular films. and deeply embarrassed that Tobis Film would sue Chaplin. Chaplin had made drug references before in one of his most famous short films Easy Street. . despite the movie industry having long since embraced the talking picture.
Retrieved November 8. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) #78 References  "Festival de Cannes: Modern Times" (http:/ / www.virtual-history. . a 2003 French documentary.com/title/title. 100 Movies #81 • 2000 AFI's 100 Years.jsp?stid=83805) at the TCM Movie Database Modern Times (http://www..org/mode.com/title/tt0027977/) at the Internet Movie Database Modern Times (film) (http://www.Modern Times (film) 191 American Film Institute recognition • 1998 AFI's 100 Years..com..php?filmid=2075) .  As said in "Chaplin Today: Modern Times". 100 Laughs #33 • 2007 AFI's 100 Years.com/work/33029) at Allmovie Filmsite Modern Times page (http://www..imdb.. External links • • • • • • Modern Times (http://www.com/film.html) Movie stills and bibliography (http://film.allmovie.rottentomatoes.filmsite.com/m/modern_times/) at Rotten Tomatoes Modern Times (http://tcmdb. festival-cannes.. festival-cannes. 2009. html). com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4075172/ year/ 2003.
fascism. Both Schultz and the private survive.The Great Dictator 192 The Great Dictator The Great Dictator Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Wheeler Dryden Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Paulette Goddard Jack Oakie Charlie Chaplin Meredith Willson Music by Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) October 15. the plane quickly loses fuel and crashes in a marsh. The protagonist is an unnamed Jewish private (Charlie Chaplin). antisemitism. At the time of its first release. it was the first major feature film of its period to bitterly satirize Nazism and Adolf Hitler. 1940 Running time Country Language Budget 124 min. directed. a barber by profession and is fighting for the Central Powers in the army of the fictional nation of Tomainia (an allusion to ptomaine poisoning). and the Nazis. the private valiantly attempts to rescue the exhausted officer.000.000 The Great Dictator is a comedy film released in October 1940. United States English $2. the United States was still formally at peace with Nazi Germany. As medics arrive. However. Having been the only Hollywood film maker to continue to make silent films well into the period of sound films. controversial condemnation of Hitler. with machine minds and machine hearts". Schultz reveals that he is carrying important dispatches that could win the Tomainian war. It was written. More importantly. Commander Schultz (Reginald Gardiner). Chaplin's film advanced a stirring. escaping enemy fire in the nick of time. and starred Charlie Chaplin. this was Chaplin's first true talking picture as well as his most commercially successful film. Commander . produced by. Plot The film begins during a battle of World War I. comically blundering through the trenches in a tract of combat scenes. Upon hearing a fatigued pilot pleading for help. The two board Schultz's nearby airplane and fly off. the latter of whom he excoriates in the film as "machine men.
intervenes. however. Hynkel denounces Schultz as a supporter of democracy and a traitor. In the ensuing slapstick scuffle with the stormtroopers. and orders Schultz placed in a concentration camp. In one famous scene. Schultz says that in order to decide who will carry out this plot (which involves a suicide mission to blow up Hynkel's palace). the barber is almost Chaplin as "The Phooey". newspaper headlines. now a high official in Hynkel's government. Hannah. who has undertaken an endeavor to persecute Jews throughout the land. Egged on by Garbitsch. the German name for Austria) and needs the loan to finance the invasion. and Hynkel reinstates his persecution of the Jews. The barber finds a friend and ultimately a love interest in Hannah. now the ruthless dictator of Tomainia. along with the barber. Schultz recognizes the barber (who is reminded of WWI by Schultz and therefore gets his memory back) and. Hannah. However. knocks both Stormtroopers on the head with a frying pan. the hospitalization and release of the private. trying to make a pacifistic statement. played by Henry Daniell) and Minister of War Herring (compare Hermann Göring. 193 . Hannah (Paulette Goddard). also played by Chaplin in a double role). Schultz flees to the ghetto and begins planning to overthrow the Hynkel regime. meet to discuss their subversive plot. a beautiful resident of the ghetto. Eventually. they all decide it is best to heed Hannah's advice not to attempt the suicide mission. having suffered memory loss from the plane crash. played by Billy Gilbert). leading to one of Chaplin's most comical scenes. "translated" at humorously obvious parts in the speech by an overly concise English-speaking news voice-over. shocked when storm troopers paint "Jew" on the windows of his shop. at last. Schultz orders the storm troopers to leave him and Hannah alone. but is told that the war has just ended and Tomainia lost. inflatable globe to the tune of the Prelude to Act I of Richard Wagner's Lohengrin at the end of which it suddenly pops in his hands. Hynkel. The symbol of Hynkel's fascist regime is the "double cross" (compare the Nazi swastika) and Hynkel himself speaks a dramatic. is blissfully unaware of Hynkel's rise to power and now.The Great Dictator Schultz gives them the dispatches.Meanwhile. On Garbitsch's advice. Schultz voices his objection to the pogrom and shows his empathy towards Jews. who had been hospitalized for the past twenty years. has placed a coin in every dessert. and the person who receives the one with the coin in it is to carry out the mission. The Jewish private and barber. both Schultz and the barber are captured and condemned to the camp. this time to an even greater extent. Adolf Hitler. and other members of the ghetto. Hynkel has become obsessed with the idea of world domination. though surprised to find him a Jew. The scene cuts to victory celebrations. Hynkel has planned to invade the neighboring country of Osterlich (likely a corruption of Österreich. a coin will be placed in one of five puddings. The financier refuses. Hynkel dances with a large. This seemed to be a premonition of the end of his regime and his unfulfilled ambitions sooner or later. but is saved when Commander Schultz. in addition. and to a speech given twenty years later by Adenoid Hynkel (cf. returns to his barbershop in the Jewish ghetto. macaronic parody of the German language (reminiscent of Hitler's own fiery speeches). Soon. finally. Adenoid Hynkel lynched by Stormtroopers. has relaxed his stance on Tomainian Jewry in an attempt to woo a Jewish financier into giving him a loan to support his regime. like a balloon. Schultz. aided by Minister of the Interior Garbitsch (compare Joseph Goebbels.
Hannah. We are coming out of the darkness into the light. dictator of Tomania. in his plans to invade Osterlich. played by Jack Oakie). and benzene. a deal is made. Hermann Göring. and thus invites Napaloni to a military show. and as the fascist dictator (or "Phooey". to whom he is nearly identical in appearance.The Great Dictator Hynkel is initially opposed by Benzino Napaloni (a portmanteau of Benito Mussolini. to me. He is flying into the rainbow—into the light of hope. clearly modeled on Adolf Hitler. on a duck-hunting trip. The barber. parodying "Führer") Hynkel. Garbitsch (pronounced "garbage"). Chaplin (as the barber) absent-mindedly attempts to shave Goddard (as Hannah) in this image from the trailer for the film. Benzino Napaloni. however. and the invasion proceeds again. the barber then makes a rousing speech. decries free speech and other supposedly traitorous and outdated ideas. Henry Daniell as Garbitsch and Billy Gilbert as Field Marshal Herring. hears the barber's speech on the radio. into the future. Hannah. Much of the film is taken up by Hynkel and Napaloni arguing over the fate of Osterlich (Austria). Conversely. Look up. The "Dig-a-ditchy" of Bacteria. and attempts to impress Napaloni with a display of military might and psychological warfare. Hannah. an incompetent adviser to Hynkel. In contrast. Hynkel invites Napaloni to talk the situation over in Tomainia. is taken to the Tomainian capital to make a victory speech. the glorious future that belongs to you. Look up". Reginald Gardiner as Schultz. The Jewish barber has the bowler hat. Jack Oakie as Napaloni. and moustache of Chaplin's famous Tramp character. in introducing "Hynkel" to the throngs. The soul of man has been given wings. reversing Hynkel's anti-Semitic policies and declaring that Tomainia and Osterlich will now be a free nation and a democracy. a kindlier world. once again finds herself living under Hynkel's regime. Mussolini was opposed to the German takeover since he saw Austria as a buffer-state between Germany and Italy. can you hear me? Wherever you are. who has since emigrated to Osterlich to escape Hynkel. Benito Mussolini. is a parody of Joseph Goebbels. their greed and brutality. who was previously mistreated by Tomainian police agents looking for the barber. dictator of Bacteria. the right hand man of Hynkel. look up. Hannah. Originally. The show turns out to be a disaster. The sun is breaking through. where men will rise above their hate. Also featured in the cast are Paulette Goddard as Hannah. now assuming Hynkel's identity. Garbitsch. though early in the film's production Chaplin insisted the barber was not the tramp. Look up. Benzino is played with arrogant buffoonery by Jack Oakie. 194 Chaplin with Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni" Schultz and the barber escape from the camp wearing Tomainian uniforms. Cast and analysis The film stars Chaplin in a double role as the Jewish barber. Hannah. Border guards mistake the barber for Hynkel. Hynkel. . Hannah looks up with an optimistic smile. totally failing to impress Napaloni. and is amazed when "Hynkel" addresses her directly: "Hannah. Napoleon Bonaparte. After some friction and a comedic food fight between the two leaders. The clouds are lifting. He also calls for humanity in general to break  free from dictatorships and use science and progress to make the world better instead. falls overboard and is mistaken for the barber and is arrested by his own soldiers. and Field Marshal Herring was modeled after the Luftwaffe chief. The names of the aides of Hynkel are parodies of those of Hitler's. cane. Hynkel immediately breaks the deal. was modeled after Italy's Il Duce. and to all of us. and at last he is beginning to fly. We are coming into a new world.
"He [Chaplin] put the Little Tramp and $1. with a globe and a Prussian military helmet (this footage appears in the documentary Unknown Chaplin). This is an allusion to the rumors that Goebbels was the actual ruler and Hitler only a puppet-leader. sauerkraut and liverwurst (for Leberwurst) can be made out. has a tendency to remove Herring's medals when he gets angry. Roger Ebert says that "Chaplin was technically not playing the Tramp". In the main thoroughfare of the capital the Venus de Milo has been "repaired" to give a Nazi salute. delivering an address in front of a large audience and over the radio to the nation. The globe dance had its origins in the late 1920s. revealing a striped shirt with suspenders and then slaps Herring. Turner Classic Movies says that years later. which Chaplin studied carefully in newsreels. This conflict is almost forgotten today given Italy's alliance with the German Third Reich during World War II. but now also has his arm raised. The film contains several of Chaplin's most famous sequences. Chaplin. seems to be the one guiding him. recorded in one continuous shot. "Der banana?" before incorporating the word into his own reply. The address is widely interpreted as an out-of-character personal plea from Chaplin. but removed all of his buttons on his shirt. Billy Gilbert as Herring is also required to improvise this fake German at times. Chaplin acknowledged a connection between the barber and The Tramp. and he considers the barber an entirely different character. However. .The Great Dictator The international community (in particular. Although his memoirs frequently refer to the barber as the Little Tramp. 5. Chaplin is clearly taken by surprise and repeats. and moved closer to Germany. is a caricature of Hitler's oratory style. Mussolini's Stresa front partners) did not share Italy's concern over German annexation of Austria and supported League of Nations sanctions against Italy. and while a painter and a sculptor try to create his official image. The German words schnitzel. In the scene where Hynkel receives news that Napaloni mobilized his troops along the Osterlich border. a language which Hitler condemned as a Jewish plot to internationalize and destroy German culture. 195 The Jewish barber and Chaplin's classic Little Tramp character There is no consensus on the relationship between the film's Jewish barber and Chaplin's earlier Tramp character. Chaplin said in 1937 that he would not play the Little Tramp in his sound pictures. as the barber. which is also used at the end of the film when the Jewish barber is making the victory speech in Hynkel's place. shaves a customer in tune with a radio broadcast of Johannes Brahms's Hungarian Dance No. Hynkel not only removed all of Herring's medals. Chaplin said he would not play The Tramp in a sound film. who constantly counsels and advises Hynkel. withdrew Italian troops from the Brenner Pass along the Austrian border.5 million of his own money on the line to ridicule Hitler". and at one point (where he is apologizing for having accidentally knocked Hynkel down the stairs) he comes up with the word "banana". delivered in German-sounding gibberish. In 1936. The film ends with the barber. The rally speech by Hynkel. Some of the signs in the shop windows of the ghettoized Jewish population in the film are written in Esperanto. Specifically. after Italy invaded Ethiopia. as Hitler did not apply sanctions against Italy. Garbitsch. but Ebert also states that. following the Tomainian take-over of Osterlich (a reference to the German Anschluss of Austria on March 12. Mussolini submitted to Hitler's will. Chaplin. the dictator never stays posed for more than a few seconds at a time. Famed French film director Francois Truffaut noted that early in the production. having been mistaken for the dictator. in the fake German Hynkel speaks during the rally and at other points in the film when he is angry (though he normally speaks English). when Chaplin was filmed at a Hollywood party doing an early version of the dance." In his review of the film. The distance between the front door and Hynkel's desk is ridiculously long. as Hynkel. but the trend is to view the barber as a variation on the theme. The film's most celebrated sequence is the ballet dance between Hynkel and a balloon globe in his palatial office. and Rodin's The Thinker still sits. France and Britain. 1938). The Third Reich's official taste in art and architecture is frequently parodied. set to Richard Wagner's Lohengrin Overture. as well as "Katzenjammer Kids" and English phrases such as "cheese'n'crackers" and frequently "lager beer". "There is some debate as to whether the unnamed Jewish barber is intended as the Tramp's final incarnation.
Kathryn Bernheimer writes. was just what one might expect from the Little Tramp. However. Annette Insdorf. Chaplin later stated that he would not have made the film if he had known of the true extent of the Nazis' crimes. Flom's book Chaplin in the Sound Era: An Analysis of the Seven Talkies in which he concludes: Perhaps the distinction between the two characters would be more clear if Chaplin hadn't relied on some element of confusion to attract audiences to the picture.. and his boldest political statement to date. Chaplin may have created a new character form the old. many of whom by 1940 had never seen a silent picture during the silent era. Queen. permitting the eternal outsider to address the masses. in Hollywood in Crisis: Cinema and American Society. The Third Reich's repressive nature and militarist tendencies were also well-known at the time. whose book Chaplin: A Life speaks of Chaplin here "abandoning traditional pantomime technique and his little tramp character. but to capitalize on him in a visual sense. Chaplin also may have been inspired by a film his other half-brother Sydney Chaplin directed and starred in. the ostracized outcast. for by 1939 Hitler and Chaplin were perhaps the two most famous men in the world. Chaplin and Hitler had superficially similar looks. but he nonetheless counted on the Charlie person to bring audiences into the theaters for his first foray into sound. The similar nature of the Tramp and Barber characterizations may have been an effort by Chaplin to maintain his popularity with filmgoers." Finally. A full two-page discussion of the relationship between the barber and The Tramp appears in Eric L. Film scholars have often noted that the Little Tramp resembles a Jewish stock figure. in her book Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust. even affecting the familiar bowler hat and cane. Syd. an outsider." The Scarecrow Movie Guide also views the barber as different.. But Chaplin was clear that the barber is not the Tramp and The Great Dictator is not a Tramp movie. The elaborate World War I scenes were filmed in Laurel Canyon. played a dual role of a barber and ruler of a country who is about to be overthrown. in The 50 Greatest Jewish Movies. Telotte writes that "The little tramp figure is here reincarnated as the Jewish barber". 196 Making of the film The film was directed by Chaplin (with his half-brother Wheeler Dryden as assistant director). The film was shot largely at the Chaplin Studios and other locations around Los Angeles. With The Great Dictator's twist of mistaken identity. the similarity between the Barber and the Tramp allowed Chaplin break [sic] with his old persona in the sense of characterization. Joker (1921). However." Several reviewers speak of a morphing of The Little Tramp into the Jewish barber.  Several similarities between Hitler and Chaplin have been noted and may have been a pivotal factor in Chaplin's decision to make The Great Dictator. the magnitude of which was conveyed to him personally by his European Jewish friends and fellow artists. writes that "There was something curiously appropriate about the little tramp impersonating the dictator. P. Filming began in September 1939 and finished six months later. In Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s. J.." Similarly. like Charlie. 1929-1939.The Great Dictator Critics who view the barber as different include Stephen Weissman. The tyrant and the tramp reverse roles in The Great Dictator. Colin Shindler writes that "The universal Little Tramp is transmuted into a specifically Jewish barber whose country is about to be absorbed into the totalitarian empire of Adenoid Hynckel. however. most famously their toothbrush moustaches. According to Janiss Garza. and this similarity is often commented upon. and also written and produced by Chaplin. called King. "What he chose to say in The Great Dictator. Joker of twenty years before. Chaplin and Meredith Willson composed the music. Queen. Apparently neither the sueing party or Chaplin himself brought up his own brother's King. in A Distant Technology: Science Fiction Film and the Machine Age. Chaplin was motivated by the escalating violence and repression of Jews by the Nazis throughout the late 1930s. the barber bears more than a passing resemblance to the Tramp. Thomas Schatz writes of "Chaplin's Little Tramp transposed into a meek Jewish barber". Chaplin was sued in the 1940s over plagiarism problems with The Great Dictator. while.." DVD reviewer Mark Bourne bows to Chaplin's earlier statement: "Granted. (Tommy Handley wrote a song named "Who is .
Ivor Montagu. “he’s the madman. but I was determined to go ahead. Chaplin prepared the story throughout 1938 and 1939. When interviewed about this film being on such a touchy subject. one week after the beginning of World War II. Roosevelt sent his adviser Harry Hopkins to personally meet with Chaplin and encourage him to move ahead with the film. the film was not only sent to Hitler." Charlie Chaplin's son Charles Chaplin. One was to make millions weep. who had invested $1. half of horror. which annoyed the Nazis. The 2002 TV documentary on the making of the film. after being told Hitler saw the movie. who published a book in 1934 titled The Jews Are Looking at You. “Just think. Speculation grew that this and other anti-fascist films such as The Mortal Storm and Four Sons would remain unreleased. half of fascination. in which the comedian was described as "a disgusting Jewish acrobat" (despite the fact that Chaplin was not Jewish). The film was released in France in April 1945. failure to release the film would have bankrupted Chaplin. but an eyewitness confirmed he saw it. Both were great fans of composer Richard Wagner. This allegation has however. he was mobbed by fans on a 1931 trip to Berlin. Charlie Chaplin had only this to say: "Half-way through making The Great Dictator I began receiving alarming messages from United Artists . He writes. I’m the comic. Chaplin's popularity throughout the world became greater than ever. Chaplin.. Their destinies were poles apart. and began filming in September 1939. The Tramp and the Dictator . while the other was to set the whole world laughing. and both grew up in relative poverty with alcoholic fathers and ailing mothers." The documentary The Tramp and The Dictator provides audio of a 1983 interview with Chaplin associate Dan James. filmed before the fall of France. According to the Internet Movie Database.5 million of his own money in the project. a close friend of Chaplin.The Great Dictator This Man Who Looks like Charlie Chaplin?" ) Furthermore.” he would say uneasily. the two men were born only four days apart in April 1889. relates that he sent Chaplin a copy of the book and always believed this was the genesis of "Dictator. Jr. presented newly discovered footage of the film production (shot by Chaplin's elder half-brother Sydney) which showed Chaplin's initial attempts at the film's ending. in which he reports that President Franklin D. given the United States' neutral relationship with Germany. to a wider American audience in October." Hitler's response is not recorded but he is said to have viewed the film twice. The making of the film coincided with rising tensions throughout the world. As Hitler and his Nazi Party rose to prominence. also. describes how his father was haunted by the similar backgrounds of Hitler and himself. He finished filming almost six months later. been denied by Hitler's architect Albert Speer. According to The Tramp and the Dictator. Dad could never think of Hitler without a shudder.. 197 . and the United Kingdom in December. The project continued largely because Chaplin was financially and artistically independent of other studios. replied: "I'd give anything to know what he thought of it. But it could have been the other way around. The film eventually opened in New York City in September 1940. for Hitler must be laughed at.
Don't kid yourself about that one. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards: • • • • • Outstanding Production – United Artists (Charlie Chaplin. sign. Some audiences nicknamed him the "Silent Clown" during the height of the silent era. The film had been banned in many parts of Europe. or painting — house. like using the Lohengrin "Prelude" in the famous balloon-dance scene. Producer) Best Actor – Charlie Chaplin Best Writing (Original Screenplay) – Charlie Chaplin Best Supporting Actor – Jack Oakie Best Music (Original Score) – Meredith Willson In 1997. In his 1964 autobiography. law. Mel Brooks' The Producers (1968) mocked Nazis (though not their actions. however. after the scope of Nazi atrocities became apparent it took nearly twenty years before any other films dared to satirize the era. American Film Institute recognition • 2000: AFI's 100 Years. but the best parts of it were all Chaplin's ideas. It eventually became Chaplin's highest grossing film. While Ernst Lubitsch's 1942 To Be or Not To Be dealt with similar themes (even including another mistaken-identity Hitler figure). The Great Dictator does. historically or aesthetically significant". The Great Dictator was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. In 1941. . London's Prince of Wales Theatre screened its UK premiere. the British government announced that it would prohibit its exhibition in the United Kingdom in keeping with its appeasement policy concerning Nazi Germany. ballet dancing. and the theatre's owner. and was popular with the American public. which was still a taboo subject in Hollywood films of the time. feature several silent scenes more in-keeping with Chaplin's previous films. To add to that. 100 Laughs #37 Score The score was written and directed by Meredith Willson. The television series Hogan's Heroes also represented later comedic takes on the era. the mostly dialogue-free Modern Times. some audiences had come to expect Chaplin to make silent films even during the sound era. later to become well-known as creator of the 1957 musical comedy The Music Man. was apparently fined for showing it. Willson wrote: I've seen [Chaplin] take a sound track and cut it all up and paste it back together and come up with some of the dangdest effects you ever heard—effects a composer would never think of. He would have been great at anything — music. or portrait. I got the screen credit for The Great Dictator music score. particularly the death camps and the Holocaust. The film was Chaplin's first true talking picture and helped shake off accusations of Luddism following his previous release. released in 1936 when the silent era had all but ended in the late 1920s. Jewish audiences were deeply moved by the portrayal of Jewish characters and their plight. Chaplin stated that he would not have been able to make such jokes about the Nazi regime had the extent of the Nazi horrors been known. the UK was at war with Germany and the film was now welcomed in part for its obvious propaganda value.Brooks would also later remake To Be or Not To Be). as did the 1997 Italian film Life is Beautiful..The Great Dictator 198 Reception The film was well received at the time of its release. However. The film was also popular in the United Kingdom. When the film was in production. Alfred Esdaile.. by the time the film was released. drawing 9 million to the theatres.
official BBC web site  wikiquote:Charlie Chaplin#The Great Dictator (1940)  American Rhetoric: Movie Speech. Mind & Society Fads. you!"  Hoffmann. Haworth Press. since the globe-balloon pops. 1940" in Historical Journal of Film. the future'. 2007). tcm. p. ISBN 1560241780.  Roger Ebert (September 27. bbc. the Warsaw Gestapo received orders to 'take care' of the Zamenhof family.. 116 (http:/ / books.  "The Great Dictator:The Essentials" (http:/ / www. The films in my life. "Chaplin:A Life (a self-published web book by a known print author)".  Stephen Weissman.. google. William G. In his autobiography. Chaplin) in 1947 against Chaplin. 199 Chaplin in the globe scene According to Willson. html)  R. Willson was to re-record it with the full studio orchestra. Da Capo Press. and promises that mankind is 'flying into the rainbow. after running through the whole scene to get the overall idea. p.. and "by dumb luck we had managed to catch every movement. The case was settled. Lawsuit The film was the subject of a plagiarism lawsuit (Bercovici v. "Anglo-American Anti-fascist Film Propaganda in a Time of Neutrality: The Great Dictator. exclaiming: ‘Oh. ISBN 0306805995. with Chaplin paying Konrad Bercovici $95... using a phonograph record for timing. the hope. Esperanto fared worse and. com/ apps/ pbcs. though." Notes  The Tramp and the Dictator (http:/ / www. the Lohengrin music continues to its final climax as the barber over the radio tells Hannah to look up at the sun. As noted above. "The Great Dictator" (1940) (http:/ / www."  Truffaut.. not knowing what to expect next. Zamenhof's son was shot. co. the music does not reach a conclusion. Chaplin sat "for hours watching newsreels of the German dictator. including their common love for the music of Richard Wagner. sadly. recording eight measures or less at a time. uk/ bbcfour/ documentaries/ features/ tramp-and-the-dictator. 5 had been filmed before he arrived.The Great Dictator While it is frequently noted that Chaplin used Wagner's Lohengrin prelude in the scene where dictator Hynckel dances with the globe-balloon. In the first case. 358. . François (1994). Turner Classic Movies. because of his "unpopularity in the States at that moment and being under such court pressure. Retrieved 31 December 2010. In the latter case. Chaplin insisted that he had been the sole writer of the movie's script.000. [he] was terrified.. "The Great Dictator (1940) [review (http:/ / rogerebert.. After the Nazis' successful Blitzkrieg of Poland. Chaplin decided to record the runthrough in case anything was usable. his two daughters were put in Treblinka death camp. you bastard. Radio and Television.. Chaplin's son has written about how Chaplin was haunted by the similarities between Hitler's background and his.152. Cole. the one used in the finished picture". 9780306805998. suntimes. com/ MovieSpeeches/ moviespeechthegreatdictator. Frank W. the scene in which Chaplin shaves a customer to Brahms' Hungarian Dance No. He came to a settlement. dll/ article?AID=/ 20070927/ REVIEWS08/ 70927002/ 1023)"]. fitting the music to the action. became embroiled in political power moves. Adolf Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf that the spread of Esperanto throughout Europe was a Jewish plot to break down national differences so that Jews could assume positions of authority. Retrieved 31 December 2010. it is far less frequently noted that the same music is used near the conclusion of the Jewish barber's speech celebrating democracy and freedom. .. com/ thismonth/ article/ ?cid=157939). americanrhetoric. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ books?vid=ISBN1560241780& id=AzFuFjFwVSYC& pg=PA116& lpg=PA116& ots=0lcH7-WVKp& sig=QChd-EaXKt3N25bdqBVPTajyaWU): "Between world wars. and that was the first and only 'take' made of the scene. 21 2 (2001): 137 . They had planned to do it painstakingly.. Bailey (1992). . shtml).
Variety (http:/ / www. Charles J.  Flom. National Film Theatre/British Film Institute notes on The Great Dictator. Annette (2003). 218. and Radical Change by By Peter Conrad  "Law Library . A distant technology: science fiction film and the machine age. 2004. Charlie Chaplin at Keystone and Essanay: Dawn of the Tramp. David Wallace.com • 'Look up. Carol Publishing. Sasquatch Books. ISBN 0415103134. com/ work/ king-queen-joker-97822)  "Who Is This Man" lyrics (http:/ / www.americanrhetoric. 808.com • The Great Dictator (http://www. . de/ kultur/ charlie-chaplins-hitler-parodie-fuehrer-befiehl-wir-lachen-1. imdb. org/ ?p=98  Internationally co-produced by 4 production companies including BBC.  King. Thomas (1999). Boom and bust: American cinema in the 1940s. p. 88 mn. Joker synopsis by Janiss Garza . Kathryn (1998). Michael Kloft 2002.com (http:/ / allmovie. p. Eric (1997). Retrieved 2007-06-11. My Autobiography. dvdjournal. shtml). directed by Kevin Brownlow. Turner Classic Movies. 2. Sylvia Wallace (February 1980) "The Book of Lists 2". 3. Mama Mia!. monologues.clown-ministry. net/ movies. London (2007)  (http:/ / schikelgruber.  Insdorf. com/ title/ tt0032553/ trivia)  Irving Wallace. .php?/site/ articles/text_of_charlie_chaplins_speech_from_the_great_dictator_aka_look_up_hannah/) from Clown-Ministry. and Germany's Spiegel TV  German source (http:/ / www. New York: Doubleday and Company. The Tramp and the Dictator.clown-ministry.com/index_1. "The Great Dictator:The Chaplin Collection" (http:/ / www. com/ review/ VE1117917058. p.html) from AmericanRhetoric.com/ MovieSpeeches/moviespeechthegreatdictator. Chaplin and American Culture: The Evolution of a Star Image. Queen. Wesleyan University Press. 2002. . p. February 21. ISBN 0521016304. Innovation. Chaplin in the sound era: an analysis of the seven talkies.  "The Great Dictator" (http:/ / www. imdb. External links • Review of Charlie Chaplin's 'The Great Dictator' (http://www. p. Cambridge University Press.com/m/great_dictator/) at Rotten Tomatoes . J. 9780415103138. David Maska (2005). variety. ISBN 0520221303. ISBN 0819563463. p.. html) Hitler in the movies  Okuda.  Telotte. html). uk/ 004/ Who_Is_That_Man. p. Inc.imdb. 9781559724579. ISBN 1570614156. Retrieved 31 December 2010.The Great Dictator  Mark Bourne. 877249-3)  Trivia for The Great Dictator on IMDb (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0032553/ fullcredits#cast).  Noted in Chapter 1 of Modern Times. (1999).  Shindler.  Ryan Gilbey.rottentomatoes. Modern Places How Life and Art Were Transformed in a Century of Revolution. 9780521016308.php/site/articles/ the_great_dictator_produced_directed_starring_by_charlie_chaplin) from Clown Ministry • Great Dictator speech. 9780819563460. brattlefilm. 1964 200 Additional references 1. co. 322. Audio and Video (http://www. 258.com/index_1. 200. Maland. 9780786403257. Hollywood in crisis: cinema and American society. 1929-1939. also known as 'Look Up. Garden City. London: BFI (2005): 240  Prince of Wales Theatre (2007).P. 212. iUniverse. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0)  Quoted in http:/ / brattleblog. 1989. 410. Princeton. htm)  Review of the movie "The Tramp and the Dictator" by David Stratton. 571. org/ pages/ 3002/ Bercovici-v-Chaplin-1947. DVD Journal. ISBN 1559724579. The Ultimate Film: The UK's 100 most popular films.  Meredith WIllson (1948). Joker .  Bernheimer. sueddeutsche. The 50 greatest Jewish movies: a critic's ranking of the very best. Queen. p. Hannah' (http://www. 232. 9781570614156. Hannah' Speech at End of Movie in Text.  Chaplin. Theatre Programme. Retrieved 2007-04-06. Indelible shadows: film and the Holocaust. ISBN 078640325X.  Schatz.  The Scarecrow Video Movie Guide. jrank.com/title/tt0032553/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Great Dictator (http://www. 9780520221307. McFarland. p. University of California Press. Amy Wallace. imdb. Ted. And There I Stood WIth My Piccolo.American Law and Legal Information" (http:/ / law. Wikipedia entry  King. Psychology Press. Colin (1996). AllMovie. com/ reviews/ g/ greatdictator.
His crime spree eventually works against him when two particular widows break his normal routine.Monsieur Verdoux 201 Monsieur Verdoux Monsieur Verdoux poster for 1972 re-release Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Orson Welles (idea) Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Charles Chaplin Cinematography Roland Totheroh Curt Courant (uncredited) Editing by Distributed by Willard Nico United Artists (1947 release) Columbia Pictures (1972 re-release) Janus Films April 11. While being both loyal and competent in his work. . To make money for his wife and child. he marries wealthy widows and then murders them. and his sociopathic methods of attaining income. Henri Verdoux. Verdoux has been laid-off. The film ends as Verdoux is being led to the guillotine in the prison courtyard after dismissing his killing of a few as no worse than the highly-praised killing of large numbers in war. Plot The film is about an unemployed banker. 1947 124 minutes United States English Release date(s) Running time Country Language Monsieur Verdoux is a 1947 black comedy film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.
Sr. Welles wanted Chaplin to play the lead role. Since then.com/reviews/m/monsieurverdoux.allmovie. hence he is not (in his eyes) a murderer.com/work/33146) at Allmovie • DVD Journal article (http://www. Danny (1988). opted out. Chaplin was subjected to unusually hostile treatment by the press while promoting the opening of the film.. ISBN 0-671-64810-1. Welles insisted on receiving a screen credit for the story idea. At one press conference to promote the film. more successful in Europe. including Martha Raye. I'm not interested. Chaplin. but that she did not go before the cameras. Monsieur Verdoux. The film and its dark themes were ill-suited to the American political and cultural climate of the time (less than two years after World War II ended). and Chaplin's popularity and public image had been irrevocably damaged by multiple scandals and political controversies prior to its release. Chaplin tended to work with a repertory company of actors who performed exclusively in Chaplin's films. Chaplin biographer David Robinson wrote that Purviance did return briefly to the Chaplin Studios and prepared for a small role in the film. and some boycotts took place during its short run.Monsieur Verdoux 202 Production The script for this film. The film was not only the biggest hit of the entire festival. pp." After seeing the film. on the grounds that he'd never been directed in a full length film before and wasn't willing to start. the idea for it given by Orson Welles. the film was nominated for the 1947 Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay).. there is some comedy in the dialogue as well as some physical comedy. however. William Frawley and Fritz Leiber.imdb. Welles sought to direct the film with Chaplin as star. External links • Monsieur Verdoux (http://www. Chaplin made his speech. and consequently was poorly received in America when it first premiered. Instead. It was. 136–140. In 1964.dvdjournal. deciding that he didn't want to have to write the script with Welles. atypically for a Chaplin film.shtml) by Mark Bourne . Chaplin bought the script from Welles and rewrote parts of it. Another story suggests that although the script had yet to be written. but it broke box-office records for the Plaza. Since the film is a talking picture. crediting Welles only with the idea. then in inviting questions from the press with the words "Proceed with the butchering". features some familiar Hollywood actors.com/title/tt0039631/) at the Internet Movie Database • Monsieur Verdoux (http://www. Cult Movies 3. but his "Jewish barber" bore sufficient similarity). Reception The film was the first to feature no resemblance to Chaplin's famous "Tramp" character (The Great Dictator did not feature the Tramp. was inspired by the case of serial killer Henri Désiré Landru. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc. Despite its poor critical and commercial performance. it has gained enough of a following to be considered a cult film. but Chaplin backed out at the last minute. The lead character kills to make money. Chaplin allowed Verdoux to be re-released along with several Chaplin films to play at the New York Plaza as part of a Chaplin film festival. References  Peary. Rumors have persisted that Chaplin's 1915-1923 leading lady Edna Purviance made an appearance in the film. saying in effect "If it isn't written yet.
release and honored at the Academy Awards. The film was subsequently passed over by many theaters. with an appearance by Buster Keaton. directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. . In 1972. the film was given a wide U. Bloom is doubled by Melissa Hayden. In dance scenes. The film was released amidst scandal. since it was during touring to support the film that Chaplin was refused re-admittance to the United States. The film score is composed by Chaplin and arranged by Ray Rasch.S.Limelight (film) 203 Limelight (film) Limelight Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Claire Bloom Nigel Bruce Buster Keaton Sydney Earle Chaplin Wheeler Dryden Norman Lloyd Charlie Chaplin Music by Cinematography Karl Struss Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Joe Inge United Artists Image Entertainment 1952 (USA) October 16. co-starring Claire Bloom. 1952 (UK) 137 minutes United States English Limelight is a 1952 comedy-drama film written.
In doing so he regains his own self-confidence. In many ways. Limelight was made during a time where Chaplin himself was starting to lose his audience. Chaplin told his older sons he expected Limelight to be his last film. Calvero (Charles Chaplin). The pairing of Chaplin and Buster Keaton in the final musical number is historic for being the only time the two appeared on film together. alias Terry (Claire Bloom). Most people who have studied the life of Chaplin would assume that his character in the film was based on his father Charles Chaplin Sr who had also lost his audience and had turned to alcohol which led to his death in 1901. Nursing her back to health. Calvero helps Terry regain her self-esteem and resume her dancing career. Reunited with an old partner (Keaton). Terry. in contrast. Keaton had gone through a disastrous marriage. and his 1974 book My Life in Pictures. Calvero gives a triumphant comeback performance but immediately suffers a heart attack and dies in the wings while just a few feet away Terry. on the eve of World War I.Limelight (film) 204 Plot The movie is set in London in 1914. the second act on the bill. Chaplin at first had not written the part for Keaton because he believed that the role was too small. Chaplin prominently featured members of his family in the film. Chaplin insists that Calvero is based on the life of stage actor Frank Tierney. now starring in her own show. and some exterior scenes use back-projected footage of London. In order to give them a chance Calvero leaves home and becomes a street entertainer. from suicide. mostly at the Chaplin Studios. the movie remains highly autobiographical. once a famous stage clown but now a washed-up drunk. and had appeared infrequently in films over the previous years) that Chaplin insisted that Keaton should be cast in the film. By all accounts he was very happy and energized during production. as Clown Michael Chaplin as Child in Opening Scene Oona Chaplin as Extra Production Although the film is set in London it was entirely filmed in Hollywood. a fact often attributed to the joy of recreating his early career in the Music Hall. including five of his children and his half-brother Wheeler Dryden. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin as Calvero Claire Bloom as Terry Nigel Bruce as Postant Buster Keaton as Calvero's partner Sydney Earle Chaplin as Neville Norman Lloyd as Bodalink Melissa Hayden as Terry's dance double Geraldine Chaplin as Little Girl in Opening Scene Josephine Chaplin as Child in Opening Scene Charles Chaplin Jr. Then. A rumor has persisted. The street where Calvero lives was a redressed set at Paramount Studios. however. eventually finds Calvero and persuades him to return to the stage for a benefit concert. In both his 1964 autobiography. that Keaton gave such a superior performance that . It was not until he learned that Keaton was going through hard times (before Limelight. Terry says she wants to marry Calvero despite their age difference. 1914 was the year Chaplin made his first movie. a young composer Calvero believes would be better suited to her. her first major role in films. the music hall scenes were filmed at RKO. lost most of his fortune in the divorce in the process. fueled by the intense rivalry among fans of the two comics. Thereza Ambrose. dances on stage. Chaplin chose stage actress Claire Bloom for the role of Terry. although she has befriended Neville. saves a young dancer. but his attempts to make a comeback are less successful.
Outside of cinemas in several East Coast cities. Chaplin and his musical collaborators Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell were awarded a belated Oscar for “Best Original Dramatic Score”. The story of an older man and a younger woman falling in love and inspiring each others' lives closely mirrored Chaplin's marriage to Oona O'Neill. not only because it is the year in which the movie is set. said that even if some of Keaton's best scenes were cut (which he did not believe). A close associate of Chaplin claimed that Chaplin not only did not feel threatened by Keaton's performance. and Chaplin. For example.jsp?stid=81444) at the TCM Movie Database Limelight at Clown-Ministry (http://www. 205 Reception While touring Britain to promote the film Chaplin learned that he had been refused a re-entry visa to the United States because of his alleged communist sympathies. twenty years after the film’s first release. To add insult to injury. the year 1914 is significant. com/ biography/ articles/ 7-Limelight charliechaplin. but also because it is the year in which Chaplin played in his first movie. It is certainly significant that in the fading stage posters on Calvero's wall he is described as a "tramp comic". who also appeared in the film. Keaton's widow Eleanor claimed that Buster was thrilled with his appearance in the film. which was a black comedy critical of capitalism.com/title/tt0044837/) at the Internet Movie Database Limelight (http://www. and indeed in some of his stage performances in the film he wears a ragged outfit that is clearly a variation on Chaplin's Little Tramp costume.imdb. In 1972.orphaned at an early age. and believed his business partner Raymond Rohauer started and fed the rumors. but also heavily edited his own footage of the duet while enhancing Keaton's.allmovie. Larry Russell. given that it is the most apolitical of Chaplin's films from this period.com/work/29384) at Allmovie Limelight (film) (http://tcmdb.php/site/articles/ review_of_limelight_charlie_chaplin_claire_bloom_buster_keaton/) . the film was not seen by the American moviegoing public. According to Keaton's biographer Rudi Blesh. many American theaters refused to play Limelight. and other relationships in his life.also has clear similarities to that of Chaplin's mother. Chaplin's son Sydney.com/index_1. References  http:/ / www. and movie watchers have often viewed the movie in search of important insights into Chaplin's personality and career. The music The theme to this film. It was not until 1972 that the film was finally seen in wide American release. This was ironic.clown-ministry. This was in part due to the lingering controversy over Chaplin's previous film Monsieur Verdoux (1947). titled "Terry's Theme" (written by Charles Chaplin) became a popular. often-covered song as "Eternally" with words by Geoff Parsons and John Turner.com: Limelight External links • • • • Limelight (http://www. There are some glaring similarities between Limelight and Chaplin's autobiography. Terry's story .com/title/title. and Ray Rasch received the Oscar for best original score. the storyline would not logically allow a supporting actor to suddenly appear and upstage the climactic comeback of Chaplin's character. Chaplin eased his notoriously rigid directorial style to give Keaton free rein to invent his own comic business during this sequence. charliechaplin. her sister forced into prostitution .Limelight (film) Chaplin jealously cut his scenes so he would not be upstaged by his rival.
Although Rupert himself says he distrusts all forms of government. editor of the school paper. see King of New York . Grieving and guilt-ridden." Due to a revolution in his country. He's approached to do TV commercials but doesn't like the idea. he meets Rupert Macabee (Michael Chaplin). and invites . he reveals he's had some experience in the theater. and authorities force the child to reveal the names of his parents' friends. his securities having been stolen by his own Prime Minister. He tries to contact the Atomic Energy Commission with his ideas for using atomic power to create a utopia. The film was produced in Europe after Chaplin's exile from the US in 1952. At a dinner party. Shadov reassures him that the anti-communist scare is a lot of nonsense. a ten-year-old historian who gives him a stern anarchist lecture. some of which is televised live (unbeknownst to him). which presents a satirical view of certain aspects of United States politics and society. A King in New York Spanish theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin Dawn Addams Maxine Audley Jerry Desmonde Oliver Johnston Michael Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Music by Release date(s) September 12. his parents are communists. Plot "One of the minor annoyances in modern life is a revolution. He is cleared of all charges and decides to join his estranged queen in Paris for a reconciliation. Later.A King in New York 206 A King in New York For the 1990 film. he is presented to King Shahdov as a "patriot". 1957 Running time Language 110 minutes English A King in New York is a 1957 film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin in his last leading role. King Igor Shahdov (Charlie Chaplin) comes to New York City with almost no money. Shahdov is subsequently suspected as a communist himself and has to face one of McCarthy's hearings. But Rupert's parents are jailed. It did not open in the United States until the early 1970s. he does make a few commercials in order to get some money. Invited to speak at a progressive school.
com/ title/ tt0050598/ .. imdb. In addition to its condemnation of HUAC's methods.TV Advertiser (billed as Sidney James) Joan Ingram ..TV Specialist Sid James . Lawyer Robert Arden.Hostess Michael Chaplin .. Marshal George Woodbridge ... the film takes witty potshots at American commercialism. School Superintendent Robert Cawdron. Liftboy Alan Gifford.. Some consider it a bitter throwaway. Rupert Macabee John McLaren .A King in New York him to come to Europe with his parents for a visit... Headmaster Harry Green . In a cataclysmic scene. Cast Charles Chaplin .. Ambassador Jaume Dawn Addams .S.. considering Chaplin's own bitter experience with that body.... Even today... Mona Cromwell .. while others consider it Chaplin's masterpiece. including Sophie Tucker... U.. Prime Minister Voudel Oliver Johnston ... fans and critics are sharply divided over the film's merits. Macabee Senior Phil Brown . 207 Reception The film did well in Europe..a bit of fulfilment.. Ann Kay . and the King attends a film preview for Man or Woman? (Glen or Glenda).. popular music and film.. King Shahdov Maxine Audley . Johnson ... Queen Irene Jerry Desmonde . but its lack of US distribution severely hampered its commercial impact. Member of Atomic Commission External links • A King in New York  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www... Shadov accidentally directs a strong stream of water from a fire hose at the members of HUAC. who scatter in panic .. A dinner party scene includes a number of satirical portrayals of actors and public figures of the period.
Sophia Loren. the film's almost unanimous bad reviews made Chaplin extremely distraught. or "Skaya" as he calls her in his 1922 book "My Trip Abroad". planned for Paulette Goddard.000 (domestic)from a $3. This resulting film nearly 30 years after its inception resulted in critical failure." It was originally started as a film called 'Stowaway' in the 1930s. Nevertheless. Chaplin's second son. In recent years is being regarded as a classic. 1967 120 minutes United Kingdom English $3. However.500 budget. but production was never completed."  The idea according to a press release written by Chaplin after the movie received a negative reception wrote that the film "resulted from a visit I made to Shanghai in 1931 where I came across a number of titled aristocrats who had escaped the Russian Revolution. critics such as Tim Hunter and Andrew Sarris. and his only color film. The movie starred Marlon Brando.000 (estimated) A Countess from Hong Kong is a 1967 British comedy film and the last film directed by Charlie Chaplin. . and it received a luckwarm reception at the box-office grossing $2. as well as the poet John Betjeman.000. It was one of two films Chaplin directed in which he did not play a major role (the other was 1923's A Woman of Paris). became the hit song "This Is My Song" for Petula Clark.000.500. named Moussia Sodskaya. and Sydney Earle Chaplin.A Countess from Hong Kong 208 A Countess from Hong Kong A Countess from Hong Kong Movie Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Jerome Epstein Charlie Chaplin Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Universal Pictures January 5. written by Chaplin. She was a Russian singer and dancer that "was a stateless person marooned in France without a passport. The story is based loosely on the life of a woman Chaplin met in France. and Chaplin himself considered it his greatest film at the end of his life. Tippi Hedren. Chaplin's cameo marked his final screen appearance. The theme music. considered the film among Chaplin's best works.
she asked Chaplin to expand her role. It was filmed entirely at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire. Chaplin's 3 eldest daughters. and it is arranged that she marry his aged valet Hudson (Patrick Cargill). They then have to figure out a way to get her off the ship. In the end. Ogden's wife then joins the cruise. . Ogden's wife then confronts him about Natascha. Ogden's lawyer friend Harvey (Sydney Earle Chaplin) who also helped arrange the marriage. he could not. and before docking at port she jumps off the ship and swims ashore. When she realized that she had a small part as Brando's estranged wife. and she avoids him. she remained in the film and later said that it was a pleasure working for Chaplin. having just missed her. Although only a formality. She had high hopes for the film. But he reluctantly agrees to let her stay. following Fahrenheit 451. The film was the second of Universal's European unit. She has no passport and is forced to stay in his cabin during the voyage. until she received the script. Geraldine. Mears dislikes the situation. The film ends with Ogden and Natascha meeting in a hotel's cabaret and begin dancing with each other once again. He then asks if his wife would have done as well under such circumstances. as the story mostly takes place on a ship.A Countess from Hong Kong 209 Plot summary Ambassador-designate to Saudi Arabia Ogden Mears (Marlon Brando) sails back to America after touring the world. Hudson wishes to consummate the relationship. just outside London in 1966. Although Chaplin tried to accommodate her. Mr. meets Natascha and tells her that the immigration officers have accepted her as Hudson's wife. speaking rather roughly about her and the life she led. However. (at minutes 46 and 1:05) Josephine and Victoria Chaplin (at minute 1:32) appeared in the film. since he has left the cruise and his wife behind. and worries how it might affect his career if she is found. a Russian countess. however partially separated. being a married man. which isn't wanted by her. He meets Natascha. Charlie Chaplin makes two brief appearances as the ship's steward. Cast Actor Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Role Ogden Mears Natascha Sydney Earle Chaplin Harvey Tippi Hedren Patrick Cargill Oliver Johnston Michael Medwin John Paul Margaret Rutherford Angela Scoular Geraldine Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Martha Hudson Clark John Felix Captain Miss Gaulswallow Society girl Girl at dance An old steward Production This was Chaplin's first film in ten years after 1957's A King in New York This is Tippi Hedren's first feature film after her break with director Alfred Hitchcock. which Hedren's character boards near the end of the film. (Sophia Loren) in Hong Kong after she sneaks aboard to escape being forced into prostitution.
filmcritic.jsp?stid=71592) at the TCM Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www.  http:/ / movies. 356. 127. stating that it was. however stated that. simpleSearchServlet?frn=3575& searchTypeSelect=5 RadioTimes official republication of their review. beeb. ISBN 0-306-80831-5. "the repetitive story (with Loren repeatedly running to hide in Brando's bathroom when there's a knock on the door) gets tiresome. Chaplin (1922). amazon. for April 25. gave it one and a half stars. 1967 stated that "if an old fan of Mr. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. Reception • The New York Times review for March 17. Milton. Leonard (September. 192.allmovie. he would draw the curtain fast on this embarrassment and pretend it never occurred. badly scored. 1994).com  Maltin. com/ countess-hong-kong/ 111578  http:/ / www. Chaplin's movies could have his charitable way. My Trip Abroad. badly timed. founder of FilmCritic. rtfilms. "a dismal. "Badly shot. com/ servlet_film/ com. pp. thecrimson. nytimes. the old man hasn't really lost his touch." • TV Guide gave the movie one star. contrary to all those patronizing critics. com/ biography/ articles/ 21-Overview-of-His-Life http:/ / www." • The Harvard Crimson. Then in 2003 it was released onto DVD in widescreen format. Da Capo Press. and Countess is a glorious romance. With the comment.com/title/tt0061523/) at the Internet Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://tcmdb. at NYTimes. com/ article/ 1967/ 4/ 25/ a-countess-from-hong-kong-palong/ The Harvard Crimson official republication of their review. tvguide. and later re-released as part of the DVD set 'Marlon Brando: The Franchise Collection'.A Countess from Hong Kong 210 Video Release The movie was not released on home video until 1996. icl. Joyce (1996).imdb." • Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. Harper & Brothers.  http:/ / www. radiotimes. client. pp." • RadioTimes gave the movie two stars stating that. Signet. com/ countess-hong-kong/ review/ 111578 http:/ / www. "it's all too staid and too stagey. Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. com/ movie/ review?res=9401E0DA1539E53BBC4F52DFB566838C679EDE republishing of review for "A Countess from Hong Kong" by Bosley Crowther." • FilmCritic.com/work/A87931) at Allmovie . tvguide. with the VHS format as part of the 'Universal Cinema Classics' series. com/ s/ ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Ddvd& field-keywords=A+ Countess+ from+ Hong+ Kong Amazon. http:/ / movies. 1967 gave it a fairly good review saying: "Take the new Chaplin film on its own terms. pp." References Charlie.com      External links • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www. charliechaplin.com gave the movie three stars.  http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ 1967/ a-countess-from-hong-kong/ Review of the film by Christopher Null.com's release dates for VHS and DVD formats  http:/ / movies. uninviting comedy. 263.com/title/title.
the film was never released or even completed.Flophouse proprietor Tom Wilson . imdb.Professor Bosco Albert Austin .Man in flophouse Henry Bergman .The Professor (film) 211 The Professor (film) The Professor Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Charlie Chaplin Charles D. Chaplin abandoned production after finishing only one scene. com/ title/ tt0410477/ . Hall Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Albert Austin Henry Bergman Loyal Underwood Tom Wilson Tom Wood Cinematography Roland Totheroh Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language First National 1919 7 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) The Professor is a 1919 American comedy silent film made at the Chaplin Studios for the First National film company starring Charlie Chaplin.Fat man in flophouse External links • The Professor  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www.Man in flophouse Tom Wood .Bearded man in flophouse Loyal Underwood . However. The remaining film is included in Unknown Chaplin and on at least one of the Limelight DVD releases. Cast • • • • • • Charlie Chaplin .
and was directed by Josef von Sternberg. Chaplin produced the film as a starring vehicle for his former leading lady Purviance. Eve Southern and Charles French. The now lost film starred Edna Purviance.S. and to help establish Von Sternberg. During a twelve day period. Some evidence suggests a copy of the film survived at the Chaplin studio until at least the late 1930s.A Woman of the Sea 212 A Woman of the Sea A Woman of the Sea Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Josef von Sternberg Charlie Chaplin Josef von Sternberg Edna Purviance Raymond Bloomer Charles French Eve Southern Gayne Whitman Cinematography Paul Ivano Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language United Artists 1926 75 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles A Woman of the Sea. It was Purviance's final American film. Under pressure from the U. Except for a few images in print and a few words in books over the years. In 2005. also known by its working title Sea Gulls. Chaplin did not approve the completed film for release. Raymond Bloomer. Production details The film was in production for about six months. including indoor scenes at Chaplin's studio. outdoor scenes were filmed on location in the Monterey and Carmel coastal area in California. and was published in 2008. nearly nothing has been known about the film. and it was never publicly screened. His involvement in the production was minimal. The original title list also has survived from the film. the production company burned the negatives in June 1933 for tax purposes . mainly in the Los Angeles area. This was the only time Chaplin produced a film in which he neither starred nor directed. over 50 previously unknown production stills were discovered in the private collection of Purviance's relatives. as written in the shooting schedule that still survives. was an unreleased 1926 silent film produced by the Chaplin Film Company. The few Chaplin associates who saw the film agreed in later years that it was not a commercially viable film. whose 1924 experimental film The Salvation Hunters had greatly impressed Chaplin. The information from the shooting schedule and title list has been combined with the production stills. Internal Revenue Service. . Actual filming took about three months. as he was concurrently working on his problem-plagued film The Circus. but no copy exists in the current Chaplin film archives. The working title for A Woman of the Sea was Sea Gulls.
that are largely invented by Powers. No footage from the film is known to exist. Victoria's abrupt marriage and his advanced age proved as roadblocks and the film was never made. External links • A Woman of the Sea  at the Internet Movie Database References  http:/ / www. the fictionalized Chaplin is attributed motives -. He also mentioned his intent to make it in an interview on his 85th birthday in 1974. and Chaplin himself. The script is currently locked away in Switzerland. "I mean to make it someday". though brief color footage of Victoria in wings can be seen in Charlie Chaplin . The story revolved around a young South American girl who unexpectedly sprouts a pair of wings. describes The Freak as a work still in progress.A Woman of the Sea 213 References in other media The film. Chaplin writes in a caption alongside a photograph of Victoria in winged costume. imdb. figure prominently in Tim Powers' fantasy novel Three Days to Never (Morrow. where her captors cash in by passing her off as an angel. However. 2006). She is kidnapped and taken to London. My Life in Pictures (1974). Chaplin began work in and around 1969 with his daughter Victoria in mind for the lead role. Later she escapes.and the film attributed traits -. Though rooted in established facts.Les années suisses (2003). only to be arrested because of her appearance. She is further dehumanized by standing trial to determine if she is human at all. . com/ title/ tt0017575/ The Freak The Freak was an unfinished dramatic comedy from Charles Chaplin. Chaplin's memoir.
'Broncho Billy' Anderson Marguerite Clayton Lee Willard Hazel Applegate Belle Mitchell Lloyd Bacon Robert McKenzie Bill Cato Darr Wittenmyer Victor Potel Charles Chaplin (uncredited) Distributed by Essanay Studios Release date(s) 7 May 1915 Running time Country Language 15 minutes United States Silent film English (Original titles) His Regeneration is a 1915 American comedy silent film made by Essanay Studios.The Waiter Bill Cato .The Regenerate Burglar Marguerite Clayton . It featured Charlie Chaplin in an uncredited role as a customer. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Gilbert M.First Cop at House Darr Wittenmyer .Second Cop at House Victor Potel . Synopsis A rough criminal gets into an argument over a girl in a dance hall.The Regenerate Burglar Robert McKenzie .His Regeneration 214 His Regeneration His Regeneration Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M.The Regenerate Burglar Hazel Applegate . 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M.Pawn Shop Clerk Charles Chaplin .The Maid Belle Mitchell .The Girl Lee Willard .Customer (uncredited) .The Saloon Girl Lloyd Bacon . 'Broncho Billy' Anderson Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson .
While in the end the Tramp manages to shake off his disappointment and resume his carefree ways. as portrayed by Chaplin. Chaplin officially retired the character in the film Modern Times (released February 5. albeit only as part of a French/Italian-derived gibberish song. In The Great Dictator. The Tramp remains silent until near the end of the film when. Chaplin's films did not always portray "The Tramp" (or "The Little Fellow. Chaplin refused to make a talkie featuring the character. with his Little Tramp character. The character was rarely referred to by any names onscreen. and general appearance. The Tramp was closely identified with the silent era. Chaplin continued to play the Tramp through dozens of short films and. for the first time. and his failure to achieve this. “the pathos lies in The Tramp's hope for a more permanent transformation through love. although he was sometimes identified as "Charlie" and rarely. his voice is finally heard. The film was only a partial talkie and is often called the last silent film. he also uses his cunning to get what he needs to survive and escape the authority figures who will not tolerate his antics. a recognized icon of world cinema most dominant during the silent film era. The Tramp and The Bank.imdb. This allowed the Tramp to finally be given a voice but not tarnish his association with the silent era.” . created the characteristics of his screen persona. "The Little funny Tramp". Chaplin's first film after Modern Times. quickly became the most popular star in Keystone director Mack Sennett's company of players. The Tramp. while he is ready to take what paying work that is available. Although Chaplin emphatically stated that the barber was not The Tramp. when the sound era began in the late 1920s. is a bumbling but usually good-hearted character who is most famously presented as a vagrant who endeavors to behave with the manners and dignity of a gentleman despite his actual social status. hat. 1936)." as Chaplin called him) as a vagrant. however. and was considered an international character. he retains the Tramp's moustache. the barber speaks throughout the film (using Chaplin's own British accent). 1914). including the passionate plea for peace that has been widely interpreted as Chaplin speaking as himself. The 1931 production City Lights featured no dialogue. which appropriately ended with the Tramp walking down an endless highway toward the horizon. later. feature-length productions (in only a handful of other productions did he play characters other than the Tramp). Chaplin.His Regeneration 215 References External links • His Regeneration (http://www. Despite a few silent scenes. However. also known as The Little Tramp (Charlot internationally) was Charlie Chaplin's most memorable on-screen character. and a Jewish Barber. Chaplin in his costume as "The Tramp" History on screen The Tramp debuted during the silent film era in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice (released on February 7. Two films Chaplin made in 1915.com/title/tt0192120/) at the Internet Movie Database The Tramp The Tramp. as in the original silent version of The Gold Rush. Chaplin plays the dual role of a Hitler-esque dictator.
Chaplin creates a “portrayal consistent with popular leftist stereotypes of wealthy capitalists and oppressed workers in the 1930s. The gamine cooks a cheap breakfast. By the ending of Modern Times. This could be seen as “an attack on the capitalist rationalization of production. Chaplin stated that he was unaware of the Holocaust when he made the film. 1940).” “No comedian before or after him has spent more energy depicting people in their working lives. if he had been. The Tramp may have seen better days. although he does engage in several Tramp-like comedy sequences. His character does share much of The Tramp's character. however. but he maintains the attitude and demeanor of a high-class individual. The obsession of working with efficiency and assembly line productivity ultimately drives the Tramp mad. he fights off some jail breakers attempting to escape. and is able to keep his hope that some day he actually will be again. “What makes Modern Times decidedly different from Chaplin's previous three films are the political references and social realism that keep intruding into Charlie's world. “the film seems tailored to please the middle-class optimist. either he is wearing secondhand clothes. or they are originally his but he cannot afford new ones. Also. “What's the use of trying?”.” Due to all of their failings the final scene had the gamine stating. while having many similarities to the Tramp. This scene in the rundown shack is an allusion to a middle-class setting. a cane and the famous small mustache. The Tramp was usually the victim of circumstance and coincidence. In Modern Times. unknowingly and inadvertently becomes the leader of group of protesting workers. cocaine). While in jail he accidentally eats “nose powder” (A. The Tramp walks strangely and uncomfortably because of the ill-fitting clothing.” Chaplin used not one. notably his idealism and anger at seeing unfairness. the warden offers to let him go. the Tramp had always been depicted as having dark hair. “Buck up–never say die. he writes. also shows support and belief in the “American Dream”. Because of this. and is clearly portrayed as having a profession. the barber lacks the ill-fitting clothes of The Tramp. is not considered a version of that character.The Tramp 216 Characteristics The physical attributes of the Tramp include a pair of baggy pants. a tight coat. and by doing so. In Modern Times he picks up a red flag that falls off a truck and starts to wave it at the truck in an attempt to return it. but also because of the universality of his class struggle humor and his social commentary. The film was inspired by the noted similarity between Chaplin's appearance (most notably his small mustache) and that of German dictator Adolf Hitler. the president of the Electro Steel Company works on a puzzle and reads the funnies in the newspaper.” Chaplin was unique among the silent film comedians because of his physical shtick.” While the Tramp and his fellow workers sweat on the assembly line. while the gamine stays to maintain the home. as long as he acts like one he can believe that he is one.” However. The barber. “the film also guardedly affirms American middle-class.K. this was an all-talking film (Chaplin's first). but when he eventually does. Significance Chaplin's social commentary. and then the Tramp is off to work. but two similar-looking characters to the Tramp in The Great Dictator (released October 15. he wouldn't have been able to make a comedy satirizing Hitler). particularly its optimism. with the Tramp replying with. a large pair of shoes. The Tramp and the gamine find a rundown shack to live in. A noticeable difference is that the barber has a streak of grey in his hair. .” An example of this is sequence depicting a dream that the Tramp has. and ends up in jail because of it.A. but the Tramp would rather stay in jail because it is better than the outside world. in which he and the gamine live a traditional middle-class lifestyle. no filmmaker before Chaplin had created their experience so humanly and lovingly. which causes him to not return to his jail cell. (In his book My Autobiography. while critical of the faults and excesses created by the capitalist system. but sometimes the results worked in his favor. thus saving the life of the warden. a small derby hat.” “Though there had been films depicting the lives of immigrants and urban workers. Chaplin used this similarity to create a dark version of the Tramp character in parody of the dictator.
In 1959. The grateful girl takes the Tramp home. Lloyd Bacon. the character connected with a new generation as the mascot and feature character of a well-received advertising campaign  promoting the IBM PC personal computer. The clothes seemed to imbue me with the spirit of the character. youtube. He again helps drive off the hobos (who are now trying to break into the house). where he fails as a farmhand. Chaplin commented to a reporter (regarding the Tramp character) "I was wrong to kill him. I wore a small mustache which would not hide my expression. a hobo exchanges the Tramp's sandwich for a brick." In the 1980s. but his feet won't let him. the Tramp throws all three into a lake. pg 150 Article 21. pg 152 Article 20. In the film. pg 113 http:/ / www.The Tramp 217 Chaplin's views In an interview in 1933. The girl's fiancé arrives. including Mr. having been editing The Chaplin Revue. knowing pictorially the figure would be vividly outlined on the screen. He actually became a man with a soul . To add a comic touch. and Leo White. He wears an air of romantic hunger. forever seeking death. com/ watch?v=NPLGvI03Vrk . There was room for the Little Man in the atomic age.a point of view. pg 110 Article 21. References        Article 22. Charlie – knowing he must go – writes a farewell note and leaves again for the open road. My appearance got an enthusiastic response from everyone. The film also stars Edna Purviance. I wanted the clothes to be a mass of contradictions. This time I went to the wardrobe and got a pair of baggy pants. pg 153 Article 20. 1915 through Essanay Studios. Sennett the type of person he was. Sennett. When two more hobos show up. so the Tramp must eat grass. I defined to Mr. Chaplin explained how he came up with the look of the Tramp: A hotel set was built for (fellow Keystone comic) Mabel Normand's picture Mabel's Strange Predicament and I was hurriedly told to put on a funny make-up. a small derby hat and a large pair of shoes. The short film The Tramp is also a short film starring Chaplin as the titular main character. The same hobo later bothers a farmer's daughter. Though a hero. pg 151 Article 20. a tight coat. The Tramp was released on April 11. and the Tramp comes to her aid with the help of the brick.
. 2006. Souls for Sale was thought to be lost. The film is most notable for its insights into the early film industry. The restored version with the new musical score premiered on the channel on January 24. and Erich von Stroheim. 1923 (original) January 24. as well as a number of actors. 2006 (restored) 80 min. Fred Niblo. and other filmmakers. developed a new film score for the film. Souls for Sale includes rare behind-the-scenes footage of Chaplin and von Stroheim directing the films A Woman of Paris and Greed.Souls for Sale 218 Souls for Sale Souls for Sale Original theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rupert Hughes Rupert Hughes Rupert Hughes (novel and screenplay) Eleanor Boardman Lew Cody Richard Dix Mae Busch Marcus Sjöwall (2006) Music by Cinematography John J. The film featured Eleanor Boardman in her first leading role. Marshall Neilan. producers. Marcus Sjöwall. Charlie Chaplin. the winner of TCM's Young Film Composers Competition. Mescall Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Goldwyn Pictures March 27. United States Silent film English intertitles Souls for Sale is a 1923 silent film written. until copies began surfacing in various film vaults and private collections in the 1980s and 1990s. and produced by Rupert Hughes from his novel of the same name. In 2005. directed. a partnership between MGM and the cable channel Turner Classic Movies resulted in a restored print of the film. Among the significant cameos in the film are appearances by directors King Vidor. having won a contract with Goldwyn Studios through their "New Faces of 1921" contest just two years prior.
Claymore decides to have Mem take her place. When the train taking them to Los Angeles stops for water. he flies into a jealous rage. Afterward. on their wedding night. When Scudder sees their warmly-autographed photographs. persuades Claymore to give her a screen test for the only uncast role in his next production: a comic part. However. though fortunately for her. but he wants her. a lightning storm sets the huge tent on fire in the middle of filming. when Scudder realizes she is gone. but let him live. but rather gets a job at a desert inn. He leaves the country and targets Englishwoman Lady Jane (Aileen Pringle). Scudder tries to shoot him. who has snuck into the audience of extras.) Scudder. and then kills them for the payoff. (Claymore orders his cameramen to keep shooting. To his profound embarrassment. but lets him go at Mem's urging. In the climax. He escapes and persuades a gullible Abigail Tweedy (Dale Fuller) to filing off his handcuffs.Souls for Sale 219 Plot Remember "Mem" Steddon (Eleanor Boardman) marries Owen Scudder (Lew Cody) after a whirlwind courtship. Mem travels to Hollywood in search of work. but when Scudder overhears the director propose marriage to his protegée. she sees an unusual sight: an Arab on a camel. Meanwhile. When she recuperates. he does not have the train stopped. Filming continues on an outdoor circus set. When Mem stumbles into the machine's path. Scudder returns and sneaks into her bedroom. Cast • • • • • • • • • Eleanor Boardman as Remember "Mem" Steddon Lew Cody as Owen Scudder Richard Dix as Frank Claymore Mae Busch as Robina Teele Frank Mayo as Tom Holby Barbara La Marr as Leva Lamaire Arthur Hoyt as Jimmy Leland David Imboden as Caxton Roy Atwell as Arthur Tirrey . He turns out to be a cold-blooded murderer who marries women. Mem chooses Claymore over Holby. Scudder rushes to save her and loses his own life. she has stumbled upon a film being shot on location. but he did at least one thing right. She proves to be talented and steadily gets better and better parts. Claymore decides to train her anyway. when filming ends. However. Just as Mem is rising to fame. Holby spots Scudder and struggles with him. Leva Lemaire (Barbara La Marr). she does not follow the troupe back to Hollywood. she impulsively and secretly gets off in the middle of the desert. When the inn closes for the season. she has a change of heart. she and her father "Lord Fryingham" (William Orlamond) rob him. aware of her husband's past and fearful of a career-ending scandal. he only robs her of her savings. Mem sets off in search of civilization. Both Holby and director Frank Claymore (Richard Dix) are attracted to her. Holby and Claymore have become rivals for Mem's affections. Mem. Scudder is recognized and arrested at the train station. He apologizes before dying. insures them. takes advantage of the panic and confusion to try to kill an unsuspecting Claymore by driving a wind machine (with a deadly propeller) at him. Claymore wrestles away his gun. Her actress friend from the desert shoot. offers him money to leave her alone. she is given a role as an extra. Claymore shows up. When star Robina Teele (Mae Busch) is seriously injured by a falling light. Strangely. Scudder leaves only when she threatens to kill herself. explaining that all his life there was something wrong with him. She becomes his next victim. she turns out to be the same sort of crook as he. It turns out to be actor Tom Holby (Frank Mayo). Though she fails miserably. Severely dehydrated. complete with a full-scale Big Top tent.
allmovie. Fair. Mem's mother William Orlamond as Lord Fryingham Aileen Pringle as Lady Jane Snitz Edwards as Komical Kale . The making of two other films is also presented.Souls for Sale • • • • • • • Forrest Robinson as Rev. Erich von Stroheim is shown filming a scene from Greed. which he did actually direct. the assistant director Dale Fuller as Abigail Tweedy 220 Cameos Numerous stars of the silent era have cameos in this film. suntimes. John Steddon. Home media The film was one of several released by Warner Brothers on DVD in March 2009. Mem's father Edith Yorke as Mrs. com/ work/ 111157  http:/ / rogerebert.the Klown William Haines as Pinkey. imdb. dll/ article?AID=/ 20090729/ REVIEWS08/ 907299989/ 1004 . com/ title/ tt0014497/  http:/ / www. External links • Souls for Sale  at the Internet Movie Database • Souls for Sale  at Allmovie • Roger Ebert's review  References  http:/ / www. Charlie Chaplin guides Boardman in a fake scene from A Woman of Paris. The Eternal Three and The Famous Mrs. com/ apps/ pbcs. Steddon.
Vidor also appears in a cameo as himself. The film was re-released in the 1980s.Show People 221 Show People Show People theatrical advertisement Directed by Produced by Starring Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language King Vidor Irving Thalberg Marion Davies William Haines John Arnold Hugh Wynn Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 11 November 1928 79 minutes United States Silent film English intertitles Show People is a 1928 comedy silent film directed by King Vidor. Show People was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally. The movie was a starring vehicle for actress Marion Davies and actor William Haines and included notable cameo appearances by many of the film personalities of the day. The film is a lighthearted look at Hollywood at the end of the silent film era (it was released the year after breakthrough talking picture The Jazz Singer). Hart and John Gilbert. and is considered Davies' best role. as does Davies (to a decidedly unimpressed reaction by herself in character as Peggy Pepper). Douglas Fairbanks. historically. with a new orchestral score by Carl Davis. or aesthetically significant". including stars Charlie Chaplin. . William S. In 2003. and writer Elinor Glyn.
at banquet Dorothy Sebastian .cameo as herself in addition to starring as Peggy Douglas Fairbanks . Billy bursts in and. but she cuts off contact with Billy and the old comedy troupe.at banquet Marion Davies .at banquet Eleanor Boardman . Fortunately. by means of another shpritz of seltzer in her face.clip from Bardelys the Magnificent Charlie Chaplin . phony-count Andre Telefair (Paul Ralli).at banquet Louella Parsons . Arthur.at banquet John Gilbert .at banquet King Vidor as director of war film Claire Windsor . becomes a real movie star. becomes a success. as "Patricia Pepoire". dramatic roles.at banquet Mae Murray . as well as a custard pie in Andre's. Hart . again in clip from Bardelys the Magnificent. and soon becomes so conceited that her boring performances begin to drive away her public. She has fulfilled her dream of playing serious. Peggy goes. After some initial disillusionment.at High Art Studios Karl Dane .outside film studio. on the day of her marriage to her co-star. she meets Billy Boone (William Haines) in a studio commissary and he tells her to show up at his set if she wants work. gets sprayed with seltzer water at her first entrance.at banquet George K.at banquet Aileen Pringle .Show People 222 Plot Young Peggy Pepper (Marion Davies) wants to be in motion pictures. brings her to her senses. then again at banquet Elinor Glyn . Peggy is signed to a contract by the prestigious "High Art" studio and.at banquet Rod La Rocque .at banquet Estelle Taylor . with Billy's loving support. but she decides to "take it on the chin" and.at banquet . Soon enough. and is at first shocked and dismayed to find she is doing slapstick comedy in low-budget "Comet" productions.at High Art Studios William S. William Haines and Marion Davies in Show People Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Marion Davies as Peggy Pepper William Haines as Billy Boone Dell Henderson as General Marmaduke Oldfish Pepper Paul Ralli as Andre Telefair Tenen Holtz as Casting director Harry Gribbon as Jim .Comedy director Kalla Pasha as Comic chef (uncredited) Sidney Bracey as Dramatic director Polly Moran as Peggy's maid Albert Conti as Producer Ray Cooke as Director's assistant (uncredited) Lillian Lawrence as Comedy player at banquet (uncredited) Dorothy Vernon as Comedy player at banquet (uncredited) Pat Harmon as Studio Gateman (uncredited) Bert Roach as Heavyset man in casting agency (uncredited) Rolfe Sedan as Portrait photographer (uncredited) Coy Watson as Messenger boy (uncredited) Bess Flowers as Undetermined bit role (uncredited) Uncredited cameos: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Renée Adorée . so her father (Dell Henderson) drives them both across the country from their home in Georgia to Hollywood.at banquet Norma Talmadge . rescuing her career and both of their happiness.at banquet Leatrice Joy .outside movie theater Lew Cody .
who supposedly enjoyed seeing his mistress in fancy costume.com/title/title. William S. com/ review/ VE1117794870.silentera. jsp?cid=92581& mainArticleId=245363)  Contemporary "Variety" review (http:/ / www. William Randolph Hearst objected to this. tcm. The film has a remarkable number of cameo appearances from some of the top stars of the day. variety. Douglas Fairbanks. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) External links • • • • Show People (http://www.allmovie. Hart. costly period romance films at the behest of her newspaper tycoon lover William Randolph Hearst. including Charlie Chaplin. and who later married a French nobleman. For example: Janice Meredith (1924). The character of Andre was seen at the time as a satire of John Gilbert. The Big Parade.com/title/tt0019379/) at the Internet Movie Database Show People (http://tcmdb. com/ thismonth/ article. Bride's Play (1922) and the infamously expensive When Knighthood Was in Flower (1922). Davies' peculiar lip pucker after she becomes "Patricia Pepoire" was an imitation of Mae Murray whom Davies bore a resemblance to. and others. Cosmopolitan Productions. who got her start as a Bathing Beauty at Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios before hitting it big as a dramatic actress. she too often appeared in extravagant. Though one of the great comic talents of her day. featured in many of the decade's successful comedies. fearing for Marion Davies' dignity. and director Vidor. Originally the script called for Peggy to get hit in the face with a pie after being pressed into the comedy movie shoot. but the positive publicity value of cooperating with Hearst and MGM also played a factor. such as Tillie the Toiler (1927). all financially backed by Hearst's Hollywood film company. Hearst. The closing scene on the set of a war movie may be a nod to King Vidor's smash hit of three years before. This movie is similar in theme to the lost Paramount cameo filled comedy Hollywood directed by James Cruze in which a young woman and her elderly grandfather go to Hollywood for her to become a star. Lucille Ball frequently cited Davies as a major comedic influence and all of Ball's facial techniques and comic behaviors evident in I Love Lucy are startlingly apparent in Davies' performance in this film. and as a compromise the scene was changed to have Peggy soaked with spray from a seltzer bottle.html) .com/PSFL/data/S/ShowPeople1928.com/work/44524) at Allmovie Show People at the silentera database (http://www.imdb. Peggy's story was inspired in part by that of Gloria Swanson.Show People 223 Production Show People offers an entertaining inside look at 1920s Hollywood and reflects on the actual acting career of starlet Marion Davies. References  "Show People" at TCM (http:/ / www. Many agreed to appear out of friendship with Davies.jsp?stid=2609) at the TCM Movie Database Show People (http://www. Yolanda (1924).
com/ title/ tt0017871/ . Douglas Fairbanks. References  http:/ / www. In the episode.Felix in Hollywood 224 Felix in Hollywood Felix in Hollywood is a 1923 short featuring Felix the Cat. Felix goes to Hollywood and meets Charlie Chaplin. William S. Hart. imdb. Will Hays. References • Felix in Hollywood  at the Internet Movie Database Felix and Charlie Chaplin share the screen in a memorable moment from the short. Snub Pollard & Ben Turpin.
It was produced and directed by Richard Attenborough and stars Robert Downey. Jr. The film was adapted by Diana Hawkins. It also features Geraldine Chaplin in the role of her own paternal grandmother.259 Chaplin is a 1992 biographical film about the life of English comedian Charlie Chaplin.Chaplin (film) 225 Chaplin (film) Chaplin Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Richard Attenborough Richard Attenborough Mario Kassar Diana Hawkins William Boyd Bryan Forbes William Goldman Robert Downey. Coates Carolco Pictures TriStar Pictures December 25. Jr.493. Dan Aykroyd. William Boyd. The original music score was composed by John Barry. Geraldine Chaplin Moira Kelly Dan Aykroyd Penelope Ann Miller Kevin Kline John Barry Starring Music by Cinematography Sven Nykvist Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Anne V. Hannah Chaplin. Bryan Forbes and William Goldman from the books My Autobiography by Chaplin and Chaplin: His Life and Art by film critic David Robinson.. Kevin Kline. 1992 135 minutes United Kingdom United States English $31 million $9. and Anthony Hopkins. .
Chaplin's long time cameraman Critical reception Although the film was criticized for taking dramatic licence with some respects of Chaplin's life. an early Hollywood film producer Marisa Tomei as Mabel Normand. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Robert Downey. Marion Davies.Chaplin (film) 226 Plot The film is structured around lengthy flashbacks as the elderly Chaplin recollects moments from his life during a conversation with fictional character George Hayden (Anthony Hopkins). Chaplin's recollections begin with his childhood of extreme poverty. head of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation Deborah Moore as Lita Grey. a young Hollywood actress James Woods as Joseph Scott. Charlie's brother John Thaw as Fred Karno. Paulette Goddard. from which he escapes by immersing himself in the world of the London music halls. as Charlie Chaplin Geraldine Chaplin as Hannah Chaplin. but many critics dismissed it as an overly glossy biopic. Lita Grey. a Hollywood comedian Maria Pitillo as Mary Pickford. after which he relocates to the United States. a leading lady in early Hollywood movies Milla Jovovich as Mildred Harris. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's first wife Kevin Dunn as J. British music-hall impresario Moira Kelly as Hetty Kelly / Oona O'Neill. Mildred Harris. Charlie's final wife Anthony Hopkins as George Hayden." Awards Academy Awards . The life of Charlie Chaplin was so vast and varied that a film is far too restrictive a format to give it justice. Attenborough was sufficiently confident in Downey's performance to include historical footage of Chaplin himself at the end of the film. Joan Barry and Oona O'Neill). The film includes references to some of his many romantic episodes (including Hetty Kelly. Jr. a California attorney David Duchovny as Roland Totheroh. a young Hollywood actress Penelope Ann Miller as Edna Purviance. One critic wrote that the screenplay "endeavors to cover too much ground. Edgar Hoover. Edna Purviance. Charlie's biography editor Dan Aykroyd as Mack Sennett. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's second wife Diane Lane as Paulette Goddard. Downey's performance as Chaplin won almost universal acclaim. a leading man in early Hollywood movies Matthew Cottle as Stan Laurel. a young Hollywood actress Kevin Kline as Douglas Fairbanks. The film was lauded for its high production values. Charlie's mother Paul Rhys as Sydney Chaplin. the editor of his autobiography. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's third wife Nancy Travis as Joan Barry. Georgia Hale.
The box for this DVD mistakenly lists the film's running time as 135 minutes (it is 144 minutes. Jr. The 15th Anniversary Edition Blu-Ray of Chaplin was released on February 15. Jr. John Barry Best Art Direction Stuart Craig Chris Butler BAFTA Awards Award Awarded: BAFTA Award for Best Actor Nominated: BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair John Mollo Ellen Mirojnick Wally Schneiderman Jill Rockow John Caglione. and included several minutes of home-movie footage shot on Chaplin's yacht. Person BAFTA Award for Best Production Design Stuart Craig Golden Globe Awards Award Nominated: Best Original Score Best Actor – Drama John Barry Robert Downey. the same as the original theater release). Jr. 2011. A fifteenth-anniversary edition was released by Lions Gate Entertainment (who obtained the distribution rights to the film in the interim) in 2008. Person Best Supporting Actress Geraldine Chaplin Home media The film was released on DVD in 1997.Chaplin (film) 227 Award Nominated: Best Actor Best Score Person Robert Downey. The anniversary edition contained extensive interviews with the producers. . Robert Downey. Jr.
htm). this sumptuous biopic may have a touch too much gloss." (http:/ / www.  "Combustible Celluloid film review .com/title/title. hometheaterinfo. External links • • • • • Chaplin (http://www.Chaplin (1992).rottentomatoes.jsp?stid=23157) at the TCM Movie Database Chaplin (http://www.com/work/8916) at Allmovie Chaplin (http://www. com/ Film/ Chaplin-44781/ )  "Chaplin (1992)" (http:/ / www. 2008-10-08.allmovie. dvd review" (http:/ / www.com/m/chaplin/) at Rotten Tomatoes .imdb.htm) at Box Office Mojo Chaplin (http://www. movie-tv-episode-database. shtml). Retrieved 2010-09-07.com/movies/?id=chaplin.com.com. Retrieved 2010-09-07. Combustiblecelluloid.. com/ chaplin_(1992). . Richard Attenborough.Chaplin (film) 228 References  "Dismissed on its release by many critics as a typically fluffy paean to Chaplin .boxofficemojo. Hometheaterinfo. .com/title/tt0103939/) at the Internet Movie Database Chaplin (http://tcmdb. Robert Downey Jr. but it's anything but bland. Moira Kelly. combustiblecelluloid. com/ archive/ chaplin92. .
and Jennifer Tilly. ends in an unusual death which would go on to become subject of legendary Hollywood folklore. Joanna Lumley. Norris Lions Gate Entertainment April 12. columnist Louella Parsons. fellow actor Charlie Chaplin. 2002 (U. 2004 (U. Eddie Izzard. The film takes place aboard publisher William Randolph Hearst's yacht on a weekend cruise celebrating Ince's 42nd birthday in November 1924.S. .K.The Cat's Meow 229 The Cat's Meow The Cat's Meow Original poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Peter Bogdanovich Michael Paseornek Wieland Schulz-Keil Steven Peros Kirsten Dunst Edward Herrmann Eddie Izzard Cary Elwes Joanna Lumley Jennifer Tilly Ian Whitcomb Music by Cinematography Bruno Delbonnel Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Edward G. Cary Elwes. and starring Kirsten Dunst.) June 4. the celebration. and actress Margaret Livingston. however. which was inspired by the mysterious death of film mogul Thomas H. The screenplay by Steven Peros is based on his play of the same title. Ince. Edward Herrmann. among those in attendance include Hearst's longtime companion and film actress Marion Davies.) 112 minutes Germany United Kingdom United States English $7 million Language Budget The Cat's Meow is a 2001 drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich. writer Elinor Glyn.
Hearst confronts Davies and Chaplin. Only in a place like this do reporters and autograph hounds have absolutely no scruples about stampeding mourners at a funeral. starlet Margaret Livingston. publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst. Welcome to Hollywood. and Louella Parsons. She assures Hearst his secret will be safe in exchange for a lifetime contract with the Hearst Corporation. The film concludes with the guests leaving Tom Ince's funeral. When he finally does. whose birthday is the reason for the weekend cruise. Hearst informs Chaplin of the vow of silence he and the fellow guests have made to keep the weekend's activities a secret. He overhears Davies tell Ince she never loved "him. History has been written in whispers. Charlie Chaplin. Chaplin. unaware she and several other guests had gathered there the night before to indulge in moonshine and marijuana. Just his ashes will remain. and of the fourteen passengers on board only one was ever questioned by authorities. having gotten up to investigate mysterious noises she heard. He assumes it was left there during a romantic liaison. and his mistress. Parsons would like to relocate from the East Coast to more glamorous Hollywood. not ashes. it's fire that can hurt you. Hearst suspects Davies and Chaplin have engaged in an affair. as Elinor Glyn narrates what became of them: • Margaret Livingston went on to star in a number of successful films and her salary "inexplicably" went from $300 to $1000 a movie . After we all leave the man in the box will disappear. After seeing Ince off. knows the truth. is in the midst of preparing The Gold Rush. Hearst however challenges Chaplin to guarantee Davies that he can promise her a happy life. The yacht. no police action. silent film star Marion Davies. during a weekend yacht party bound for San Diego. However there was no coverage in the press. Ince's eponymous film studio is in dire financial straits." Several of those participating in the weekend's festivities are at a crossroads in their lives and/or careers. and this is the whisper told most often.The Cat's Meow 230 Plot It is November 15. In the wastepaper basket in Chaplin's stateroom. and among those boarding the luxury yacht Oneida in San Pedro. and assures her he will make sure the truth does not reach the media. thus laying the groundwork for her lengthy career as one of Hollywood's most powerful gossip columnists. He phones the injured man's wife and tells her Ince attempted suicide when Livingston tried to end their affair. you see. Elinor Glyn provides the narration: "In November 1924. and his anger is fueled further by the discovery of Davies' brooch in Chaplin's cabin. had witnessed the shooting. and in jealousy shoots Ince in the back of the head. still dealing with the critical and commercial failure of A Woman of Paris and rumors he has impregnated sixteen-year-old Lita Grey." Mistaking the derby-clad Ince as Chaplin. To the rest of his guests he announces Ince's ulcer flared up during the night and he is in need of immediate medical attention. a mysterious death occurred within the Hollywood community. and confides in Chaplin. California are its owner. Also aware of what really happened is Parsons who. After all. Armed with a pistol. Little evidence exists now or existed at the time to support any version of those events. Chaplin berates Hearst for what he has done and expects Davies to join him. He discovers Davies and Ince. a place just off the coast of planet Earth. and his mistress. Ince. in a huddle at the foot of a staircase leading to the boiler room. who has donned the derby Chaplin had been wearing earlier. When Chaplin fails to answer. Hearst arranges to dock in San Diego and have a waiting ambulance take the still-alive Ince to his home. Chaplin despairs as he feels the murder has rekindled Davies' love for Hearst. the film critic for Hearst's New York American. Davies. English writer Elinor Glyn. and he hopes to convince Hearst to take him on as a partner in Cosmopolitan Pictures. belonged to William Randolph Hearst. who appeared in his film The Kid. of course. Davies longs to appear in a slapstick comedy rather than the somber costume dramas to which Hearst has kept her confined. Hearst is enraged. who hopes to find proof he can present to Hearst in order to curry favor with him. a suspicion shared by Ince. 1924. Hearst searches the yacht for Chaplin in the middle of the night. A stunned Davies later tells Hearst he misunderstood the conversation — the "him" that she never loved was actually Chaplin. he discovers a discarded love letter to Davies and pockets it with plans to produce it at an opportune moment. Hearst naturally assumes the "him" refers to himself.
The film premiered at the Locarno Film Festival in August 2001. no two accounts of the story are the same. With only a few weeks to prepare prior to the start of filming.936 in the US. Composer Ian Whitcomb's score was augmented by original recordings that were popular during the period in which the film takes place." "St." and "Alice Blue Gown. his screenwriting collaborator on Citizen Kane. Bogdanovich preferred the livelier. "the place just off the coast of the planet Earth". The director revealed he first heard the story of the weekend cruise and its consequences from Orson Welles thirty years before receiving the Steven Peros script. Here I Come" by Al Jolson. bookend the film.The Cat's Meow • Marion Davies starred in more of Hearst's films before finally being allowed to feature in a comedy The Hollywood Revue of 1929. Ian Whitcomb & His Bungalow Boys performed many tunes from the era. It was shown at the 2001 Flanders International Film Festival in Belgium. resembling old newsreel footage. more contemporary sound of the original version but finally was convinced by High to use the more accurate recording." and "Linger Awhile" by Paul Whiteman. The film grossed $3." "Margie." "A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody. and in Hollywood." "If You Were the Only Girl in the World. Peter Bogdanovich and members of his cast and crew discussed the film. (According to the HBO film RKO 281." "Somebody Loves Me. In addition." "How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm (After They've Seen Paree)?. High realised the version of "Charleston" heard in the birthday party scene was a jazz-tinged arrangement from the 1950s and had Ian Whitcomb & His Bungalow Boys record an authentic 1920s rendition to replace it. She stayed by Hearst's side until his death in 1951 • Charlie Chaplin married his teenage lover Lita Grey in Mexico and his film The Gold Rush was an overwhelming success • Louella Parsons worked for Hearst for many years and subsequently became one of the most successful writers in the history of American journalism Tom Ince was largely forgotten after the events of his death." "I'm Nobody's Baby." "Say It With Music. the 2001 MIFED Film Market in Italy. Very few newspapers reported it. and "Wabash Blues" by Fletcher Henderson. 231 Production In an episode of the Sundance Channel series Anatomy of a Scene. Bogdanovich agreed to her request to have some silver and gold on the costumes when many of the pieces she found were trimmed with those colors. among them "Ain't We Got Fun. which was (as Chaplin predicted) a success.) To compensate. but studio heads objected. she resorted to shopping in secondhand stores for vintage clothing." "I'm Just Wild About Harry. and the 2002 Mar del Plata Film Festival in Argentina before going into limited release in the US in April 2002. music supervisor Joel C. "Stumbling.) Bogdanovich wanted to shoot the film in black and white to capture the feel of the silent movie era. the 2002 International Film Festival Rotterdam." and "California." "Rose of Washington Square. (Black and white scenes of Ince's funeral. no police action was taken. Louis Blues. . These included "Avalon. and of all the people on-board only one was ever questioned. Welles was told the story by Herman Mankiewicz." After the film had been completed.176. "Everybody Loves My Baby" and "Wild Cat Blues" by Clarence Williams. the director ordered costume designer Caroline de Vivaise to dress the cast in only black and white." "Toot Toot Tootsie.
"  Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said. People talk to each other in complete sentences."  James Christopher of The Times said. rather than being plunged into the swirl of decadent Jazz Age high life."  . His cast are comically hollow and effortlessly insincere . "Peter Bogdanovich. Kevin Thomas stated.. loaded with authentic and convincing details. Dunst endows a potentially lightweight character with considerable depth and sympathy. Eddie Izzard is a manly Chaplin. "Bogdanovich takes a tale of old Hollywood and infuses it with velocity and enthusiasm.. ignored and generally dissed of demographics: the grown-ups . shows his mastery in his work with the actors."  In the Los Angeles Times. in her way. restrained picture. This he does."  In Rolling Stone. Mick LaSalle stated.. This is not a film that depends on jiggles. this whodunit about a murder aboard the yacht of William Randolph Hearst represents a bracing comeback for Peter Bogdanovich .The Cat's Meow 232 Cast • • • • • • • Edward Herrmann – William Randolph Hearst Kirsten Dunst – Marion Davies Eddie Izzard – Charlie Chaplin Cary Elwes – Thomas H. "What a tonic to be treated to a movie for that most uncourted. "[She] gives her best performance to date amid a skilled older cast."  In the San Francisco Chronicle. Director Peter Bogdanovich. Dunst is as good. But Mr. A. heart and surprising gravity in a character often dismissed as a gold digger. works from Steven Peros' amusing yet poignant script to tell the popular version of the legend in clever and entertaining fashion. We observe the events from a polite distance. his intelligent handling of his ensemble cast and his graceful camera work mark this as a true return to form.. who turn dusty Tinseltown lore into a spry and touching entertainment.. Dunst.. His deft use of a single location. gross-outs or special effects.. "The film is darkly atmospheric.. Bogdanovich ."  Derek Elley of Variety described the film as "playful and sporty" and said of Kirsten Dunst. finding humor. "The unexpected charm of Bogdanovich's film is that he paints a social scenario worthy of Decline and Fall. There is little to distinguish it visually from a made-for-cable historical drama. "Elegant. if a bit sedately. who knows his Hollywood history probably better than any other American director. the teen queen of Bring It On and Crazy/Beautiful. and delivers his best picture in years . is showstoppingly good. funny and unexpectedly touching."  Ann Hornaday of the Washington Post enthused. Peter Travers observed. as small and satisfying as one of Woody Allen's better recent efforts. The suave camera movements never quite dispel the feeling that we are watching a filmed play. Believable as both a spoiled ingenue and a lover to two very different men. as Dorothy Comingore in Citizen Kane in showing a woman who is more loyal and affectionate than her lover deserves. simply seeks to tell a compelling story and to tell it well. freneticism and cuteness. He avoids his twin demons. making his first feature film in nine years. Scott called the film "a modest.. Ince Joanna Lumley – Elinor Glyn Jennifer Tilly – Louella Parsons Claudia Harrison – Margaret Livingston Critical reception In his review in the New York Times.O.. The movie unwinds at an unhurried pace and scenes are allowed to play without a lot of jangly edits and jump-cuts. and Herrmann is hypnotic as the infatuated host who is richer than God. Kirsten Dunst is a marvellous tease as Marion. with Herrmann quietly suggesting the sadness and obsession beneath Hearst's forced avuncular chortles.
com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000025986apr12. variety. story) Washington Post review (http:/ / www. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article438710.The Cat's Meow 233 Awards and nominations Kirsten Dunst was named Best Actress at the Mar del Plata Film Festival. html) Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert.0. washingtonpost. com/ review/ VE1117798620. dll/ article?AID=/ 20020426/ REVIEWS/ 204260301/ 1023) San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www.6507559.imdb. ece) Los Angeles Times review (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0266391/) at the Internet Movie Database . com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948465/ review/ 5948466/ the_cats_meow) The Times review (http:/ / entertainment. com/ ac2/ wp-dyn/ A24608-2002May2) External links • The Cat's Meow (http://www. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2002/ 04/ 26/ DD134840. References         New York Times review (http:/ / www. com/ cgi-bin/ article. co. timesonline. rollingstone. calendarlive. nytimes. DTL) Variety review (http:/ / www. sfgate. com/ 2002/ 04/ 12/ movies/ 12MEOW. suntimes. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs.
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Reach Out to the Truth. Sebas87. Ronhjones. Gwernol. Kimse. Brazucs. Heartotemptyou. MeStevo. Persian Poet Gal. Pheasantplucker. Avjoska. Cirt. HaiWolfe. Ron Davis. Evadb. ErikHWiki. TheScotch. Dream out loud. OlofE. Sk8terbo1. Sabertooth. Misortie. Cleduc.Article Sources and Contributors 234 Article Sources and Contributors Charlie Chaplin filmography Source: http://en. Ormers. Dale Arnett. Jyril. Vsmith. Hbent. WikiLaurent. Taarten. 10 anonymous edits Mabel's Strange Predicament Source: http://en. Robsinden. Goobergunch. Know-It-All. Mike Rutch. Stephenb. Krellis. Sheridan. Mackerm. BrianAdler. Slatersteven. Alpha 4615. Swpb. Tjmayerinsf. Ilyushka88. Gilliam. Henrif. Made of people. Seabream. Frecklefoot. Brian Hamilton. Stickee. AmyzzXX. Versus22. Nautilus43. Ifrit. Cypherpunk. The Thing That Should Not Be. Corbin39. Richhbabyyxx. MER-C. Asnatu wiki. Alanscottwalker. NickelShoe. Fantoni. Jack5150. Bigturtle. EJF. Treybien. The Rambling Man. E-Kartoffel. Guy Peters. Caltas. Lo2u. 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Lugnuts. Nice poa. Dasisgood!.org/w/index. 2 anonymous edits Mabel's Married Life Source: http://en. Esn.php?oldid=419327350 Contributors: Caerwine. Erik9. Mangostar. Debresser. Madchester. Skymasterson. Mangostar. Danny.wikipedia.php?oldid=411602623 Contributors: Andrew Levine. Sarz. 5 anonymous edits His Trysting Place Source: http://en.org/w/index. 4 anonymous edits 235 . Héctor Guido Calvo. Pegship. Héctor Guido Calvo.php?oldid=402460717 Contributors: Ary29.php?oldid=406973911 Contributors: Belovedfreak.wikipedia. Treybien. 8 anonymous edits Caught in a Cabaret Source: http://en. Da Stressor. WMMNYC. Lugnuts.wikipedia. Storyliner.org/w/index. Bensin. Héctor Guido Calvo. Segaba.org/w/index.php?oldid=393486254 Contributors: Alpha Quadrant.php?oldid=415874971 Contributors: Bensin. Sreejithk2000. Paul August. Engines On. Lugnuts. Mangostar.php?oldid=419259020 Contributors: Bensin. DeansFA. Erik9.org/w/index.php?oldid=404489476 Contributors: Bensin. Erik9. Héctor Guido Calvo. 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Wool Mintons.php?oldid=419321139 Contributors: B3t. DeansFA. Dblk. Skier Dude.wikipedia. Erik9. Ermanon. Debresser.php?oldid=358289337 Contributors: Caerwine.wikipedia. WereSpielChequers. Selbymayfair. Mangostar. Erik9. Storyliner. Difu Wu. Skier Dude. Tjmayerinsf. Textorus. DeansFA. Eat-the-kids. Erik9. Lugnuts. Treybien. Lugnuts.php?oldid=396676158 Contributors: B3t. Erik9. Ted Wilkes. Updateman. Skymasterson. Dekkappai. Rich Farmbrough. Caerwine. Héctor Guido Calvo. Ted Wilkes.wikipedia. Irishguy. Dblk. Difu Wu. Sreejithk2000. Lugnuts. Pjoef. Storyliner. TubularWorld.wikipedia. Lugnuts. Sreejithk2000. 3 anonymous edits Caught in the Rain Source: http://en. DeansFA. Héctor Guido Calvo. Tenar80. Hiss Hiss. Ted Wilkes. Mangostar.php?oldid=402454672 Contributors: Aldwinteo. Lugnuts. Mangostar. Irishguy. Tenar80. Cyrius. Debresser. Dekkappai. Irishguy. Erik9. Tenar80. Mangostar. Skier Dude. Treybien.php?oldid=400463590 Contributors: B3t. Debresser. 1 anonymous edits The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914 film) Source: http://en.php?oldid=416287258 Contributors: Bensin.wikipedia.Gaya.org/w/index. Mangostar. Cayla. Mangostar. Lugnuts.wikipedia. Irishguy. TexasAndroid. Mangostar. Bensin. David Gerard.org/w/index. Hu. Chimeric Glider. 3 anonymous edits The Rounders (1914 film) Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Debresser. Paul August. TheCustomOfLife.wikipedia. Storyliner.wikipedia. Hoverfish.org/w/index. Mangostar. Skier Dude.php?oldid=415880776 Contributors: Betty Kerner.wikipedia. Héctor Guido Calvo.php?oldid=395719955 Contributors: Bensin. Andrzejbanas. Lugnuts. Jtyroler. Héctor Guido Calvo. Treybien. Lugnuts. Skymasterson. Rizzleboffin. Mangostar. Storyliner. Boleyn3. Tenar80. Nice poa. Esn. Lugnuts.org/w/index. TheBlueFlamingo. Kerowyn. Héctor Guido Calvo. Rotkraut.org/w/index. Skier Dude. ShelfSkewed. JillandJack. Irishguy. Irishguy.Article Sources and Contributors Between Showers Source: http://en. Sreejithk2000. Koavf. Tatufan. Debresser. Skier Dude. SimonP.wikipedia. Bryan Derksen. Dekkappai. Dblk. Dputig07.php?oldid=406974112 Contributors: B3t. Treybien.php?oldid=396569764 Contributors: Bensin. Dblk.wikipedia. Euphoria. Caerwine. Skier Dude. Cruel Love Source: http://en. Mangostar. Sreejithk2000. Dejashran.org/w/index. Lugnuts. Pjoef. Sreejithk2000. 1 anonymous edits Recreation (film) Source: http://en. Rizzleboffin. Héctor Guido Calvo. DeansFA. Renata3. Gamaliel. Lugnuts. Mangostar.php?oldid=420777402 Contributors: Alai. Dblk. MartinDK. Ermanon. Skymasterson. Sreejithk2000. Lugnuts. Lugnuts. 2 anonymous edits The Masquerader Source: http://en. Dblk. Dblk.wikipedia. Storyliner. Lugnuts. Dblk. Tenar80. Tenar80. Harebag.wikipedia. Erik9. Lugnuts. Caerwine. Bonadea. Debresser.
php?oldid=410602095 Contributors: Andrzejbanas.org/w/index.org/w/index. Erik9. Ednasworld. Kingboyk. Vidor. Dekkappai. Thephotoplayer. Tabletop. Colin4C.org/w/index. Joekoz451. Lugnuts. Dekkappai. Lugnuts. Treybien. SimonP. Ednasworld. DMorgan. Esn. Skier Dude. Dblk.org/w/index. Sreejithk2000. RMHED. Djinn112. Andrzejbanas. Kerowyn. MakeRocketGoNow. Ednasworld. Dekkappai. Pegship. 4 anonymous edits A Woman Source: http://en. Fram. Ednasworld. Sreejithk2000. Lugnuts. Madchester. Ermanon. RMHED. Skier Dude.php?oldid=362172211 Contributors: Bensin. MakeRocketGoNow. Hanter. Shsilver. Scimitar. Wool Mintons. Ssilvers. Skier Dude. Gene Nygaard. Pjoef. Erik. Mangostar.wikipedia. Thehardwareman. Dblk. Rizzleboffin. Bovineboy2008. Dblk. Saga City. Zoe. Sreejithk2000. Tjmayerinsf. Dlukenelson. Dr. Violetriga. Lugnuts. Pjoef. Tenar80. Куллер.org/w/index. TAnthony. Nice poa.org/w/index. Thephotoplayer. Bensin.php?oldid=390847572 Contributors: Aelfthrytha. Treybien.org/w/index. Ednasworld. Bluemask. Treybien. 6 anonymous edits In the Park Source: http://en. Hanter. Snailwalker. Tenar80. Esn. Sverigekillen. SimonP. Geopool. Raymondwinn. Cypherpunk. Skier Dude. Mandarax. Dekkappai. Betty Kerner. Ednasworld. RMHED. Debresser. Gamaliel. Dblk. Mangostar. Mangostar. Ted Wilkes. Rhyddfrydol. Ermanon. CDN99. Netts. Tony1. Dekkappai. Goustien. Jfingers88. Treybien. Pepper.org/w/index. 6 anonymous edits The Rink (film) Source: http://en. Andy Bugay. Treybien. Rizzleboffin. Ted Wilkes. Skier Dude. Dblk. Lugnuts. Dominicbillings. Lugnuts. Eubulides.org/w/index. Netts. Treybien.wikipedia. Thephotoplayer. DocWatson42. Esn. Skier Dude. Rikipedia J. Rich Farmbrough. Paul-L. Iridescent. Deyyaz. Nice poa. MakeRocketGoNow. Girolamo Savonarola. AnonMoos. Rotkraut. RMHED. Debresser.M. Rizzleboffin. Lugnuts. Dekkappai. Nono64. Ednasworld. Cleduc. Tinith. The Wild West guy. Mangostar. Dblk. Héctor Guido Calvo. Danny. Pittsburgh Poet. Esn.php?oldid=421203087 Contributors: AdamBMorgan. Mushii. WereSpielChequers. Tenar80. Grunge6910. Skier Dude. Rikipedia J. MakeRocketGoNow. Stephencdickson. Pjoef.wikipedia. Ermanon. Debresser. Sreejithk2000. Erik9. Skier Dude. Nae'blis. Dekkappai. Rich Farmbrough.php?oldid=421012642 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Netts. Kchishol1970. Caerwine. Dblk. Tenar80. Skier Dude. Colin4C. Thephotoplayer. Quarl. Skier Dude.wikipedia. Nice poa. Jpiw. Skier Dude. Skier Dude. Nehrams2020. Skier Dude. Rizzleboffin. 17 anonymous edits The Adventurer (film) Source: http://en. Supernumerary.wikipedia. Thephotoplayer. Fourthords. SqueakBox. Old Moonraker.php?oldid=412865065 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Sreejithk2000. Localzuk. Hanter. 2 anonymous edits A Jitney Elopement Source: http://en. VincentXP38. Dblk. SimonP. 6 anonymous edits Work (1915 film) Source: http://en. Sreejithk2000. Xmilanz. Jlittlet. Ermanon.php?oldid=382648196 Contributors: B3t.org/w/index. Winhunter. Lugnuts. KConWiki. Mdarnaud.wikipedia.wikipedia. Cop 663. Dblk. DeansFA.org/w/index. Treybien. Pinkadelica. 6 anonymous edits Police (1916 film) Source: http://en.org/w/index. Source: http://en. Wang. Salimi. Ted Wilkes. Gaius Cornelius. Sreejithk2000. Ted Wilkes.wikipedia.php?oldid=394365578 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Propaniac. Hanter. Supernumerary.org/w/index. Rizzleboffin. Lugnuts. After Midnight. Thou shalt not have any gods before Willy on Wheels. Dblk. H2g2bob.wikipedia. Skier Dude.php?oldid=395734626 Contributors: 23skidoo. Rotkraut. Stephencdickson. Netts. Koavf. Ermanon. Ermanon. Ednasworld. ShelfSkewed. Schmiteye. Watershipper. Eubulides. 3 anonymous edits One A. DeansFA. Lugnuts.org/w/index. Wool Mintons. Dekkappai. Sarz. 7 anonymous edits The Floorwalker Source: http://en. Everyking. Hadrianheugh. Dblk. The wub. Cbrown1023. Tenar80. 5 anonymous edits By the Sea (1915 film) Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Ednasworld. 12 anonymous edits The Cure (1917 film) Source: http://en.php?oldid=411356307 Contributors: After Midnight.php?oldid=418815004 Contributors: Antandrus. MER-C. ShelfSkewed. Ednasworld. JLaTondre. D6.org/w/index. Cayla. Rizzleboffin. DeansFA. 5 anonymous edits The Tramp (film) Source: http://en. Skier Dude.php?oldid=400669091 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Quale. DeansFA.wikipedia. Héctor Guido Calvo. WOSlinker. Sectryan. 3 anonymous edits Behind the Screen Source: http://en. Mangostar. Nice poa. Dblk. Ermanon.php?oldid=417625166 Contributors: After Midnight. Pearle. RMHED.php?oldid=390850549 Contributors: Dblk. Tenar80. Debresser. 2 anonymous edits A Night in the Show Source: http://en. Okki. SimonP. Héctor Guido Calvo. Vidor. Sevela. Treybien. Ermanon.php?oldid=395734405 Contributors: After Midnight.wikipedia. Thricecube. Lugnuts. Dekkappai. Treybien. Dblk.org/w/index. Rutke421. Vidor. Skier Dude.wikipedia. Dlukenelson. Ermanon. Skier Dude. DeansFA. Bensin.wikipedia. DeansFA. Rizzleboffin. After Midnight.php?oldid=410796149 Contributors: After Midnight.wikipedia. Lugnuts. Lugnuts. Hanter. Ednasworld. Lugnuts. Charlie Rrose Selavy. SimonP. Lugnuts. Pinikadia. FLORENCE DEVOUARD ARRESTED FOR CHILD MOLESTATION. Andrzejbanas. Lugnuts.php?oldid=410402575 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Lugnuts. DeansFA. Rizzleboffin. Dblk. DeansFA. Thephotoplayer. Skier Dude. Light current.p. DeansFA. Wool Mintons. Skier Dude.wikipedia. RMHED. Dekkappai. Chowbok. Dekkappai. Donaldd23.wikipedia. Samyooel25. Tenar80. Neelix.php?oldid=395729484 Contributors: Dblk.php?oldid=373111969 Contributors: Andrzejbanas.org/w/index. Treybien. Thephotoplayer. Dblk. Tenar80. Dekkappai.org/w/index. Dblk. Viriditas. Stangoldsmith. Vidor. Pedant. Andrzejbanas. Bob Castle.wikipedia. Lugnuts. MakeRocketGoNow. Ermanon. SimonP. Kedar63. DeansFA. Wool Mintons. Sreejithk2000. Dekkappai. RMHED. Bensin. Treybien. DeansFA.org/w/index. Nehrams2020. Dekkappai. Nice poa. Kchishol1970. Nehrams2020. Treybien. Treybien.wikipedia. Lugnuts. Héctor Guido Calvo. 7 anonymous edits Shanghaied (1915 film) Source: http://en. Magioladitis. Tfraymond. Sreejithk2000. Caspian blue.wikipedia. Lugnuts. Eat-the-kids. Bensin. RMHED. Ednasworld. Rikipedia J.php?oldid=415791697 Contributors: Andy M. Debresser. Mangostar. Andrzejbanas. Sreejithk2000. Thephotoplayer. The taylor. DeansFA. Bensin. Thephotoplayer. Treybien. Ser Amantio di Nicolao. Lightmouse. Fjbfour. Sreejithk2000.wikipedia. MakeRocketGoNow. Lugnuts. Ednasworld. DeansFA. DeansFA. Caerwine. Sreejithk2000. Rizzleboffin. Kchishol1970. Pegship. Thephotoplayer. DeansFA. Skier Dude. DMorgan. Ermanon. Debresser. Dblk. SimonP.wikipedia. Debresser. Mangostar. Dblk. Dekkappai.wikipedia. Skier Dude. GregorB.wikipedia. Lostkiwi. Rizzleboffin. Pinkadelica. Hanter.org/w/index. Chris the speller. DeansFA. 7 anonymous edits 236 . Vegan4Life. Prolog. Pegship. JFBridge. Branddobbe. Skier Dude. Gamaliel. TobbieCat. Blofeld. DeansFA. Thephotoplayer. Bensin. Skier Dude.php?oldid=416674465 Contributors: Cbrown1023. Hanter. Dblk. Ermanon. Starcheerspeaksnewslostwars. DeansFA. ScottyBerg. Mangostar. Ednasworld.org/w/index. Lugnuts. Treybien. DeansFA.php?oldid=402094689 Contributors: Dblk. Skier Dude. Rich Farmbrough. Dr. Lugnuts. Thephotoplayer. Dekkappai.org/w/index. Sreejithk2000. SimonP. Whpq. Ted Wilkes. Mangostar. Tiyoringo. Madchester. Ida Shaw. Nehrams2020. Mani1. Dblk. D6. 6 anonymous edits Burlesque on Carmen Source: http://en. Ted Wilkes. Erik9. Bensin.wikipedia.wikipedia. Ednasworld. DeansFA. Netts. Debresser. Cayla. Rich Farmbrough. Kerowyn. BlooWilt.php?oldid=421291421 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Ednasworld. Esn.php?oldid=362170215 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Delirium. Inanechild. Cop 663. Naniwako. BlueAzure. MakeRocketGoNow. 5 anonymous edits A Night Out (film) Source: http://en. H Bruthzoo. Koyaanis Qatsi. SteveLamacq43. Lee M.wikipedia. Rybak. Trezjr. DeansFA. Rikipedia J. Schmiteye. Kbdank71. Eat-the-kids. Netts. Pegship. Peter Weis. SimonP. Tenar80. Rizzleboffin. Ludde23. Rizzleboffin. DeansFA.Article Sources and Contributors His Prehistoric Past Source: http://en. 3 anonymous edits His New Job Source: http://en. Skier Dude. Sverdrup. Lugnuts. Neil916. Dekkappai. Sreejithk2000. 9 anonymous edits The Pawnshop Source: http://en. TheMadBaron. Lugnuts. Héctor Guido Calvo. Sreejithk2000. Ahoerstemeier. Treybien. Esn. Hanter.php?oldid=390211180 Contributors: Bensin.org/w/index. Muks. YUL89YYZ. Ednasworld. Skier Dude. SteinbDJ. Dblk. Stimpy9337. Esn.org/w/index.org/w/index. Tenar80. 6 anonymous edits The Vagabond (film) Source: http://en. Snek01. Lugnuts. Nice poa.php?oldid=421475411 Contributors: After Midnight. Nae'blis. Qdiderot. DutchDevil. Skier Dude. Cbrown1023. 7 anonymous edits The Fireman (film) Source: http://en. Mangostar.org/w/index. M96hardh. Rikipedia J. Mangostar. Treybien. MarkGallagher. Treybien. 6 anonymous edits The Champion (1915 film) Source: http://en. Tiyoringo. 1 anonymous edits The Count (film) Source: http://en. Timc. 6 anonymous edits The Bank (1915 film) Source: http://en. Ednasworld.org/w/index. 5 anonymous edits The Immigrant Source: http://en. Dblk. 6 anonymous edits Triple Trouble (1918 film) Source: http://en. Dekkappai. Dblk. After Midnight. Fitch. SimonP. Ermanon.org/w/index. Rich Farmbrough. Netts. Jhsounds. 7 anonymous edits Easy Street (film) Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Treybien. Blofeld.php?oldid=412705298 Contributors: After Midnight. RMHED. Edcolins. Difu Wu. Dekkappai. Haus. Dekkappai.php?oldid=407693164 Contributors: 23skidoo. Dblk.wikipedia. Mangostar.wikipedia. Hqb. ShelfSkewed. SimonP. Hanter. DeansFA. Grenavitar. Wool Mintons.
NorthernThunder. Chris 73. Bhugh. Ajplmr. Hobit. Madchester. Schnolle. Rizzleboffin.xx. Coder Dan. Diberri. Koppapa. Hiplibrarianship. Treybien. Treybien. BozMo. TonyW. Netts. Esn. JamesAM. 14 anonymous edits The Pilgrim (film) Source: http://en. Dzubint.php?oldid=421502472 Contributors: AlexLevyOne. The Rambling Man. Lyght. Yinzland. Kbdank71. Jack Sebastian. Erik. Sreejithk2000. Greg the White Falcon. MegX. The Singing Badger. Treybien. Giovannii84. Binksternet.Z-man. Tlmclain. Plasticspork. Dblk. TheAznSensation. Psychonaut.wikipedia. Johnc69. Dimadick. Merlion444. Kchishol1970. Sugar Bear. SteveLamacq43. Paul-L. NorthernThunder. Mrs Wibble-Wobble. Badger151. Ted Wilkes. ShelfSkewed. Koavf. DBaba. Rich Farmbrough.php?oldid=421506382 Contributors: Abu badali. Dylan620. Ednasworld. Aphaia. Ecthelion83. Mallanox. GusF. Epbr123.org/w/index. Everyking. Moozipan Cheese. Ma'ame Michu.wikipedia. MarnetteD. Wool Mintons. Jaxpac. Attilios. Jzummak.php?oldid=402646694 Contributors: DavidPabian. RajaNeela1993. Treybien. Bovineboy2008. Ecoleetage. 59 anonymous edits Modern Times (film) Source: http://en.0. Pfc432. Ineuw. Marbehraglaim. GoingBatty. Cmdrjameson. Coltenstokes. Edeans. Hanter. 15 anonymous edits The Bond Source: http://en. Anderson. D6. Pashute. Zoe. Cst17. Mentifisto. Framhein. EoGuy. ObsessiveJoBroDisorder. Sverdrup. Toya. Ednasworld. ONEder Boy. Sreejithk2000. Osomec. Ed Fitzgerald. Bobo The Ninja. Nkayesmith. Volland. Truflip99. Harbee. Who. Vargenau. SimonP. Tabletop. DragonHawk. JohnG62. 16 anonymous edits The Gold Rush Source: http://en.de. Luigizanasi. DeansFA. Haroldman. Rydia. Sailko. Guanxi. SimonP. Karenjc. M samadi. Emperorbma. 129 anonymous edits The Circus (film) Source: http://en. Dlabtot. Timotheus Canens. Kasper2006.xx. Anville. Daibhid C. Netts. Erianna. Zoe. Thumperward. Esn. Treybien. Gregfitzy.org/w/index. AtulaSiriwardane. Nautilus43. Gatechjon. Nandesuka. Bensin. Trivialist. Kosmopolis. DL77. Bryan Derksen. Tmwns. Aryonoco. Jzummak. Kiem tra. Exabyte. Koavf. Lugnuts. RoyBoy. Sanbeg. Das Baz. ShelfSkewed. 7 anonymous edits Pay Day (1922 film) Source: http://en. Andy M. Joshua HodasESQ. Rjwilmsi. Alsandro. Pm5. Steve. Tjmayerinsf. KConWiki. Snoyes. Greg Grahame. Haham hanuka. Ermanon. Grizzlehizzle.5. Mdumas43073. Ermanon. Maher27777. Neckercube. Dudeman5685. David Gerard. Greg Grahame.Ou. The Phantomnaut. Fweezle.s.php?oldid=413483762 Contributors: Cooksey. Clarityfiend. Rich Farmbrough. DeansFA. Chensiyuan. Everyking. Pengkeu. Kalmbach. Arataman 79. Vehement. Russell.org/w/index. Sverdrup. Netts. Welsh. Malleus Fatuorum. JEN9841. Shakrat. Mikomaid. Er Komandante. DeansFA. Ted Wilkes. Gareth E Kegg. Wiher. Timc. Gamaliel. Brianga. Podzemnik. Xideum. Jonathan. Madchester. Sreejithk2000. Nehrams2020.wikipedia. Treybien. Levineps. Ednasworld. Formeruser-82. Farsouth. Netts. Hanter. Kuralyov. Adraeus.wikipedia. WOSlinker. Moocha. NeoNerd. Reuben. Skier Dude. Jumbuck. Mindmatrix. Japanese Searobin. Lugnuts. JackalsIII. Kingturtle. Hutcher. Irishguy. Skier Dude. Remurmur.org/w/index. Coltenstokes. JonGwynne. GeeJo. Mwtoews. Haham hanuka. Rybak. Squiddy. Nutiketaiel. Sreejithk2000. Hajor. Liftarn. Mschneblin. Vargenau.wikipedia. Toto-tarou. 188 anonymous edits The Great Dictator Source: http://en. Sugar Bear. MarnetteD. Mr Hall of England. Thomas Veil. Kusma. Asdfj. Walloon. Netts. Kaikhosru. Alansohn. Template namespace initialisation script.org/w/index. Coloneldoctor. DeansFA. Cbrown1023. Katharineamy.wikipedia. Rms125a@hotmail. Tfraymond. Echtner. Ted Wilkes. RandomP. Shantavira. Doctormatt. Swpb. JGKlein. Parkwells. Mgiganteus1. B3t. Estrose. Helios. Silverscale. Skier Dude. PaulVIF. Dha22. Wiher. Goustien. Boing! said Zebedee. Csernica. Koavf. Nipisiquit. Rizzleboffin. Arataman 79. Nneonneo. Ednasworld. SmartGuy. Skier Dude. Edwardito. Wyngarde. Andrzejbanas. DeansFA. Netts. America jones. Parable1991. Tjmayerinsf. Orphan Wiki. Madchester. Reenem. JGKlein. Lugnuts. SkeletorUK. Kingfish.kt. Kerowyn. Malleus Fatuorum. Cbilinski. StrangerInMoscow. Nazroon. Koyaanis Qatsi. Irishguy. Lugnuts. The Rogue Leader. 97 anonymous edits A Woman of Paris Source: http://en. Judgesurreal777. Dvyost. Thegingerone. Treybien. Bobo92. Rfc1394. Dblk. Cmdrjameson. Michael Creston. Kevin j. Paul Martin. J 1982. Inoculatedcities. Elris. Sam Hocevar. Who. Man of wealth and taste. ShelfSkewed. Palefire. Kchishol1970. Danny. AdultSwim. Cbrown1023. Jsalsberg. Fourohfour. Dpbsmith.php?oldid=415876972 Contributors: Cyberia3. Good Olfactory. Mintleaf. Kntrabssi. Mcauburn. Hut 8.org/w/index. Rich Farmbrough. Luka Jačov. Cypherpunk. Treybien. KConWiki. Shanes. Amccaf1. Erik. Bcartolo. 2 anonymous edits Shoulder Arms Source: http://en.org/w/index. Magnus.php?oldid=406565431 Contributors: Amsmythe. Tenar80. Tired time. Cburnett. Bovineboy2008. Lugnuts. Laoloup. Manurox. Treybien. Jonathan Gr.C. Pegship. 10 anonymous edits The Chaplin Revue Source: http://en. Andrzejbanas. Dblk. Walloon. Viriditas. JillandJack. Anville. Sugar Bear. Estrose. Wrc60. LordRobert. Cogitoboy. Siasgroth. Coltenstokes. Dirkbb. Michael Kinyon.php?oldid=406996745 Contributors: Andrzejbanas. JRM. Johnc69. Ted Wilkes. Fheirtzler. Johnc69. TGoodman. Philip Cross. A. Carl Logan. SimonP. Walloon. Who. Ryan Postlethwaite. EamonnPKeane. Keresaspa. Hanter. Becca77. Erik. Héctor Guido Calvo. Rrburke. Skier Dude. AlbertSM. Héctor Guido Calvo. Kbdank71. Uglinessman. JNW. Mfryc. Adraeus. Lugnuts. Hagrinas. MakeRocketGoNow. Lugnuts. Jean-Frédéric. Lugnuts. Big Bird. Napoleón333. Lockley. Christopherlin.wikipedia. Lawikitejana. Ted Wilkes. Srsrsr. AnonMoos. Schizmatic. 11 anonymous edits Sunnyside (film) Source: http://en. Sreejithk2000. Mind the gap. Rigadoun. Skier Dude. Saxbryn. Wang. LordRobert. Esn. Xezbeth. Ground Zero. Andrzejbanas. Madchester. Chrisch. GreenReaper. Dblk. Paul Martin. Mirv. Tfraymond. Robertvan1. Postdlf. Difu Wu. Esn. Postrach. Williamnilly. Tenar80. Gdo01. Estrose. Netts. MakeRocketGoNow. Dreadstar. Artihcus022. IZAK. Midnightblueowl. GreenpeaceUbuntuMan. Madchester. Sean D Martin. Ted Wilkes. DeansFA. Echtner. Kchishol1970. Skier Dude. MrMackey. DeansFA. Mav. Steven J.Z-man.kt. Toya. Skier Dude.wikipedia. Koyaanis Qatsi. Derek Ross. JackalsIII. Adraeus. Paul Martin.org/w/index. M samadi. Betty Logan. Sd2. Dputig07. JayJasper. Paisiello2. Ted Wilkes. DVD R W. Kbdank71. Uglinessman. Altenmann. Rizzleboffin. Jogers. Zero1328.php?oldid=419987864 Contributors: 293. Neutrality. The Famous Movie Director. Salamurai.org/w/index. Gamaliel. Kedar63. NorthernThunder. LordRobert. Tony Sandel. Jbarta. BeautifulSoul. Xezbeth.Article Sources and Contributors A Dog's Life Source: http://en. Valenciano. Furrykef. Paul-L. Bovineboy2008. Shanekorte. Judgesurreal777. JaGa. Phbasketball6. Pearly dew drops. Y0u. Sectryan. Cinemaniac. Wiki Raja. DeansFA. Zoe. Xlxfjh. AaronY. WereWolf. 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