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Dear Sr. Gorriti: 1. The text that was plagiarized by someone at ILD was not the work I did under contract in 1992, but my doctoral dissertation, which I had sent to Hernando De Soto two years earlier. Charles Kenney¶s systematic comparison of these texts shows that almost all of the copied text in the speech came from the dissertation. Only one similar sentence can be found in the contracted work--and it was not about Peru! 2. I did not give Hernando De Soto permission to copy any of my texts without attribution. 3. When I was working under contract, I was not aware that De Soto or his colleagues were writing a speech for Fujimori, and I had no intention of helping to justify the autogolpe. De Soto told me that he opposed it himself and that he was pushing Fujimori to create a more democratic system. I believed that my work, if it had any impact at all, was completely in favor of democracy, and I feel betrayed by the way it was misused. 4. I was very clear with De Soto that Peruvian parties were very different from Venezuelan parties. The draft book chapters I sent said, for example, that ³Peru¶s APRA used to maintain a strong grass-roots organization, but it was the only party in the system to do so and it has been greatly weakened in recent years´ (p. 175 of the book) and ³[P]artyarchy is more extreme in Venezuela than elsewhere´ (p. 176). 5. All of my advice was solidly in favor of democracy; more specifically, in favor of a vigorous, participatory democracy with some elements of direct democracy. I consistently argued that parties, especially opposition parties, are essential and desirable actors in any democratic regime. I advocated institutions that I believed would help citizens make parties--either existing parties or new parties--more responsive to their needs. No one who reads my work can possibly interpret it as an endorsement of Fujimori¶s authoritarian project. Michael Coppedge Professor, Department of Political Science Faculty Fellow, Kellogg Institute Kellogg Institute, Hesburgh Center University of Notre Dame