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Effective Strategies of Teaching

Effective Strategies of Teaching

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Publicado porTariq Ghayyur

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Published by: Tariq Ghayyur on Apr 28, 2011
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08/08/2013

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The case study strategy (or case method) is a teaching approach, which requires
the student to participate actively in problem situations, which may be hypothetical or
real. He receives a case, a report containing pertinent data, analyses the data, evaluates
the nature of the problem, decides upon applicable principles, and finally recommends a
solution or a course of action.

The case study method is another approach to individualising the learning
situation. Through the use of hypothetical or real situations, the student has the
opportunity to use problem-solving approaches that are meaningful and understandable.
It requires the student to collect the data, analyse it and make suggestions or
recommendations for decision-making. The project may be simple in the beginning and
lead to the more complex as the student gains experiences to these learning processes.
Using the case study strategy can, if properly directed, assist in the solving of
school or community problems. The community sees the student working on topics that
are of wide interest in the community and thus have greater respect for the educational
programmes at the local school. It further provides an opportunity to narrow the generous
gap.

It is not a strategy to be used indiscriminately. It requires careful planning,
specific objectives, clearly specified guidelines and a precise means of evaluation. The
teacher can and must expect to be available for individual assistance and ensure that
materials, equipment and resources are readily available to the students.
Cases should be explicitly and unambiguously written. They should fit the level
of the students in terms of maturity and problem solving skills. Students should be
presented with similar cases prior to permitting the students to select their own cases. A
check must be made to insure that materials and resources dealing with the case are
available. Periodically check on students to insure they are progressing in a desirable

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direction. Attempt to include other strategies such as role-playing, simulation, interview
and questioning within the structure of the case study.

Advantages

•The case study approach can provide for individual differences among students.
•Because the student is involved in a problem situation, interest and motivation are
generally high.
•Active student involvement insures better retention of content.
•The case study approach develops responsibility on the part of the learner.
•Students are invited to develop problem-solving skills in order to arrive at a
conclusion to the case.
•Students deal with content on a high cognitive level.
•Materials and resources other than the textbook are used in considering the case.

Disadvantages

•The case study approach can be time consuming.
•Good case studies are difficult fir the teacher to develop in a manageable procedure
for the normal size class.
•Resources and materials needed to successfully pursue the case study are often not

available.
•The teacher must be well prepared for the topic of the study.
•Cases developed by the students are often controversial and difficult for the teacher to

manage.

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