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1 RUNNING STITCHES

1 RUNNING STITCHES

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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.

hand embroidery sample : running stitch

Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!

hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties

Yet. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. . Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. to get the beauty of the stitch. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. which I have named. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. Usually. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. making a loop. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside.

Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. as illustrated. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. . It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately.

Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH .4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. to give it a final ‘chain’ look. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. taken both ways along the running stitch.

many variations can be created using a different thread. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. . The trick is to give it a twisted effect. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. Using these as the base. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. You can try out your own variations. Bring out through near the first stitch. Now. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. you do not pluck the fabric underneath.5 his variety gives a twisted effect.

turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. C and D. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. X. B. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. as shown. Again. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. Z lie right below A. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. Y. Note that the stitches W. Variety 2 Again. . while doing this.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated.

Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. and so forth.7 Fig 1: Now. C and Y. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. take another thread and bring it out from near A. and so forth. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. ‘Step’ the second row. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. as illustrated. Note that A lies between W and X. as shown. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. Variety 1 . STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. X lies between A and B. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches .

8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. Now. pass the needle under B and X. Fig 2: Now. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch. without plucking the fabric underneath. Variety 2 . Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A.

pass the needle under the thread. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. taking the needle from beneath the thread. You will get your first twisted pattern. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. and then under X. This makes the second twisted pattern. pass it from under B. Fig 2: Again. Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. Now. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . as shown in the picture.

Looking at the history of it. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. but later. As. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. It is a combination of black work. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . Fig 2: Now. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. who was a German artist. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. This will help understand the technique. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. Black work is done using only black thread. start a return journey with the same working thread. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. shown in this illustration.

11 the first onward journey. Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects. Variation 2: .

PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2.12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. Fig 1 .

if you want to give it a different touch or look. For that.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. 3. Take a return journey using running stitch. Continue such filling that ultimately. Lay the foundation of running stitch. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. (Fig 1) 2. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. . you get a design of straight line. However. only this time.

10th century. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra. It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. This art of embroidery. dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too.

(Fig 4) Now. You will finish up with a temple like design. Bring it through C and take it in through D. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. (Fig 3). Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated.15 1. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. (Fig 1) 2. Note that C lies exactly below B. Check the reverse pattern. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . (Fig 2) 4.

You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. (Fig 5) 7. 9. (Fig 7). (Fig 6) 8. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. Of course. (Fig 5) 6. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. it will look like an identical design. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns.16 5. If you check the reverse. . You will finally finish the temple design.

You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. . while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). however. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. This lesson. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. While mending torn fabric. Then. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. starting from A and ending at B. Weft is the yarn that runs vertically.

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