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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. . Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. Yet. Usually. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. to get the beauty of the stitch. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. which I have named. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. making a loop. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch.
. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. as illustrated.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern.
WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH . taken both ways along the running stitch. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. to give it a final ‘chain’ look.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top.
The closer the foundation of running stitch is done. . PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. many variations can be created using a different thread. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. Now. Bring out through near the first stitch. Using these as the base. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. You can try out your own variations. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used.
Variety 2 Again. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. B. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. while doing this. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. X. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Again. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. as shown. . You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. C and D. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. Z lie right below A. Note that the stitches W. Y. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect.
Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. X lies between A and B.7 Fig 1: Now. ‘Step’ the second row. C and Y. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Note that A lies between W and X. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. Variety 1 . Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . and so forth. and so forth. as illustrated. as shown. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. take another thread and bring it out from near A.
without plucking the fabric underneath.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. Now. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch. pass the needle under B and X. Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. Fig 2: Now. Variety 2 .
DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. This makes the second twisted pattern. You will get your first twisted pattern. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. as shown in the picture. pass it from under B. and then under X. pass the needle under the thread. taking the needle from beneath the thread. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. Fig 2: Again. Now.
She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. As. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. shown in this illustration. Black work is done using only black thread. He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch. who was a German artist. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. but later. Fig 2: Now. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. Looking at the history of it. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. This will help understand the technique. It is a combination of black work. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. start a return journey with the same working thread.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century.
11 the first onward journey. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects. Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. Variation 2: .
A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2. Fig 1 .12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch.
only this time. you get a design of straight line. . Continue such filling that ultimately. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. Take a return journey using running stitch.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. (Fig 1) 2. For that. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. Lay the foundation of running stitch. if you want to give it a different touch or look. However. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. 3.
14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra.10th century. Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. This art of embroidery.
we will fill the gaps to finish the design. Bring it through C and take it in through D. You will finish up with a temple like design. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. (Fig 2) 4. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . Check the reverse pattern. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. Note that C lies exactly below B. Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. (Fig 1) 2. (Fig 3). (Fig 4) Now.15 1.
You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. it will look like an identical design. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. 9. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. (Fig 5) 6.16 5. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. Of course. You will finally finish the temple design. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. (Fig 7). . (Fig 6) 8. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. (Fig 5) 7. If you check the reverse.
Then. . turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. however. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. This lesson. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. starting from A and ending at B. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. While mending torn fabric. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ).
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