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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. . You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. which I have named. Usually. to get the beauty of the stitch. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. Yet. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible. making a loop. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern.
Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. . Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. as illustrated. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top.
Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. to give it a final ‘chain’ look. taken both ways along the running stitch. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH . Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom.
Bring out through near the first stitch. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. Using these as the base. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. many variations can be created using a different thread. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. You can try out your own variations.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. Now. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. . you do not pluck the fabric underneath.
turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. B. as shown. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. . You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. Y. Note that the stitches W. C and D. Variety 2 Again. while doing this. X. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. Z lie right below A. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. Again. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work.
This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X.7 Fig 1: Now. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. ‘Step’ the second row. Note that A lies between W and X. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. and so forth. as illustrated. C and Y. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. take another thread and bring it out from near A. X lies between A and B. as shown. Variety 1 . and so forth. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like.
Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch. Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. without plucking the fabric underneath. pass the needle under B and X. Fig 2: Now. Now.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. Variety 2 .
Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . pass the needle under the thread.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. as shown in the picture. This makes the second twisted pattern. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. Now. taking the needle from beneath the thread. pass it from under B. and then under X. You will get your first twisted pattern. Fig 2: Again.
This will help understand the technique. start a return journey with the same working thread. but later. Fig 2: Now. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. Looking at the history of it. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. shown in this illustration. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. who was a German artist. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. It is a combination of black work. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. Black work is done using only black thread. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. As. He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch.
Variation 2: .11 the first onward journey. Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects.
PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2. Fig 1 .12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns.
Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. only this time. if you want to give it a different touch or look.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. Take a return journey using running stitch. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. Continue such filling that ultimately. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. (Fig 1) 2. . However. For that. you get a design of straight line. 3. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. Lay the foundation of running stitch.
10th century. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra. This art of embroidery. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India.
(Fig 4) Now. (Fig 2) 4. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. Bring it through C and take it in through D.15 1. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. (Fig 3). You will finish up with a temple like design. (Fig 1) 2. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. Note that C lies exactly below B. Check the reverse pattern.
9. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. (Fig 6) 8. You will finally finish the temple design. You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z.16 5. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. . (Fig 7). As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. (Fig 5) 6. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. (Fig 5) 7. Of course. it will look like an identical design. If you check the reverse. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion.
Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. starting from A and ending at B. This lesson. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. While mending torn fabric.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. however. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. Then. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. . The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth.
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