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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. which I have named. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. Usually. to get the beauty of the stitch. making a loop. . Yet. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch.
as illustrated. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. . Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation.
Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH . Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. taken both ways along the running stitch. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. to give it a final ‘chain’ look. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately.
Now. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. Bring out through near the first stitch. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. Using these as the base. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. You can try out your own variations. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. . Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. many variations can be created using a different thread. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. pass the needle under each stitch from the top.
X. . You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Again. while doing this. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. C and D. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. B. Y. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Variety 2 Again. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. Z lie right below A. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. as shown. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. Note that the stitches W. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated.
Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. take another thread and bring it out from near A. as shown. Note that A lies between W and X. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. Variety 1 . You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. and so forth. Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . and so forth. as illustrated. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. X lies between A and B. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. ‘Step’ the second row. C and Y. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.7 Fig 1: Now.
pass the needle under B and X. Now. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch. Fig 2: Now. Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. Variety 2 .8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. without plucking the fabric underneath.
This makes the second twisted pattern. pass it from under B. Fig 2: Again. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. taking the needle from beneath the thread. Now. and then under X. as shown in the picture. pass the needle under the thread.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. You will get your first twisted pattern. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch.
Looking at the history of it. Black work is done using only black thread. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. shown in this illustration. start a return journey with the same working thread. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. but later. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. As. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. This will help understand the technique. who was a German artist. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. Fig 2: Now. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. It is a combination of black work. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch.
You can use a different colored thread for creative effects. Variation 2: . Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this.11 the first onward journey.
PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. Fig 1 .12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2.
For that. (Fig 1) 2. Lay the foundation of running stitch. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. Take a return journey using running stitch. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. you get a design of straight line. only this time. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. . 3. Continue such filling that ultimately. if you want to give it a different touch or look. However.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1.
dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. This art of embroidery. Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra.10th century.
(Fig 3). Bring the thread through A and take it in through B.15 1. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. Bring it through C and take it in through D. (Fig 4) Now. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . (Fig 2) 4. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. Check the reverse pattern. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. You will finish up with a temple like design. Note that C lies exactly below B. (Fig 1) 2.
(Fig 7). (Fig 6) 8. If you check the reverse. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns.16 5. (Fig 5) 7. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. (Fig 5) 6. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. Of course. You will finally finish the temple design. 9. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. it will look like an identical design. .
The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). This lesson. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. starting from A and ending at B. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. . Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. however. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. While mending torn fabric. Then. Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch.
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