Está en la página 1de 116

c

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

EL DISEÑO CURRICULAR
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
Carlos M. Álvarez de Zayas
c
c
c
c
c
Cochabamba 1999
c
c
c c
c

INTRODUCCION
c
c
cc c
c   c cc
c  cccc c c
cc   cc  ccc  c 
 cc  
 c

c   c c 
 c c   c c
c   cc ccc c   c
 
c c cc cc
c ccc  c
c!  c c
c   c
c c c c
c  c c  c c 
c 

c   c c  
c c
" c
 
c c  
c 
c  c 
c   c  c c  
 c c  c 
c
c 
c  c"  c c
c   c
c   c c   c 
c  c cc
c c cc

c 

c c
c    c 
c
c 
c c #c c  c c c c   c
c
cc  cc
c !c c 

c
c   c c
c    c c c   c   c c 

 c ! c 
c

c c c    c c ! 


 c c c c c
c " c c
c  c
 
 c c #c c c    c c c  c  c c
c c
  c
c   ccc   c
c   c c  c  cc
c  c
c 
c 

c c
c 
c c
c   c c $c  c c c  c 
 c c
c
   cc
c
cc c %cc 
 c c c  c c
cc
 c  c  
&c c
c   cc
c  
 cc c
c   c
  c c c  c c c
c  c   c c  c
c  c c 
c
  c 
cc
 
ccc c cc
c c c c
c   c c


c   ccc


c 
c c
c  c
ccc
c 
c
c   c c c c
c   c c 
 c 

cc  c c

c 
c c
c   ccc
cc c
c

 c  ccc
cc c
c   c  c c c
c   c 
c
c c c
c
c   c cc  cc c
c c
'cc
c   cc # c c
c!  c 
cc
c 
c
(()cc  cc  cc  cc  cc cc cc cc 
c
c   ccc  ccc c c cc
c   c  cc
 c cc 
c  cccc 
c  cc  c
c    c c ! 
 c c 

c   c   c c c  c


c c c
c   c
c  c c
c  c 
c c
c
 c c
c  
c c 
c 
 c *  +c  c c c  c c

ccc   c c


 ccc   ccc 
c c
c
c c
c   c c   c
"cc! 
 c  c
c  c
c 
c
c 
c c c c 

c c 

c c c c


c 
c c
c    c c
  c cc  cc  c c
c c
c   c c! 
 cc
c   c 
c  c ccc 
c
c  c c  
c
c  c  
 c c   
c c
c "  c
 
c c c  c c  &c c c ! c  c c 
c  c c
 c 
c 
cc cc
c " c c  c 

c 
c cc
c
 
c(()c

c c
c  c 
 c c
c - ./c c
c c  c  c c   c

! c c  c
c   c c
c   c    c c
c
   c c 
 c c c  c
c   
 c c
c c
 c c  c c 
c " c c
c    c
c   c c
c  c
 
 c
0c c 
! c c  c  
 c c  c c c c
c c
 c  cc
c cc
 c c
c c c
c cc c c

cc c cc


c"  c 
c

c  
c  c c 
c c c
c 
 c c
c   c  c c
  c c 
 c "c  c c
c  c c !c c
c   c
c
!  c  
c c c c
c   c c c   c 

c c 
c
 c c c c  
c   c c c   c c c  c
  cc c
c
c 
c
 c 

c  c c
c   cc
c c 

c  c c c


c c 
c

c. 
c c c cc c " cc ccc
c cc
c
c  c 1 

c 
c &cc ccc c ccc
c c
c c c
c  c c 
c %c  
c c  c 
 c
 ccc c
c  c  c ccc c
c c
c
c    c  c 
c %c  
c c  c c c c c c c
c c c c 
 c c $c   c c  c "c   c c
  c c
c c c c
c c cc  cc 
c   c 
c
 c"c cc ccc c   cc
c
c
cccc
 cccc
c  c 
c   cc
c c c c c
c
 
c   c

c  
ccc c   c c
c c  1   c c
ccc
c
 c
c0 %c. 
c c
c0 "  cc
c c  1   cc
c c
 c
c 
cc  ccc
c 
 c c
c
 c 
cccc
%"c c 
&cc
c  
cc
c cc
 c
c
 cc
c
!c 
cc c c
c cc
c c  cc c c
c 
c

c %c  
c c 

c c c  c 


 c  
c  c

c 
 cc
cc
c cc
c c  
c 
c c  c
c 
c c
c cc  c  c

c  
c c  c  c   c  
c "c  c c   c c c
  c 
ccccccc  c
c  %cc
c   c cc
 c cc c  c  &cc ccc
 cc
 c   c  c c
c  
c  
" c c c c c c  c
 ccc cc"  ccc c!cc   c
cccc"cc c
cc!  c  
c c
c 1
  
c 
cc c &ccc c 
ccc
cccc 
c
 &ccc cc
cc   c 
c cc c
c
  c  c
c c  
&c c c c c 
 c
c " c 
c  
c c   &c c c
 c c c c  c
c  c c
c  c c c  &c c c c 2
 c c
!c c  c c 
c  
c c c  
c c  c c
c
c
c
c

c ,c

c c  c c !
 c
c   c c
c %c c c
c 0c
4   c5c c cccc  c   cc
cc 6c,7c
,6c ,8c c c c 
 c c  c  c c
c &c c c
c 
c
 cccc
c 
c c
c  cc  c
c
c c c

 c c
c .  c - 
c c
c c c ) c 9 c c
  c9 c
c c cc
c0c:#c4 c;"cc
c cc

c c: c4c5 &cc 


c0cc<c.c=c
c cc
c
   c
c
c  c  c  c 
c c 77&c c c 2
 c   c  #c
c
  c c  c c c  c c  c c c c  c c
  c #c c   cc
cc
c c

c 3c
c
CAPITULO 1
c
c
c
EL DISEÑO CURRICULAR EN LA ESCUELA
CUBANA E INTERNACIONAL
c
c
c
?5c
c 
 c c
c   c   c 
c
c c c 
 c
 c c c
c  c  
c c #c c c  c c
c
  c 
c   c c
c    c c  
c 
c  c c
c  c c
  "c c c !c c
  c c c c 
 c
c   c c

c 
c 
c  c
c 
 c   
c   c c

 c c
c "c c c c c 
c  c  c 
c   c


cc
c c  c c @c*0
 c c9 c':/5 0$.c)4c7887+c
*7+c
5 cc
ccc c! c
c   c  c c  
c
?
c  
cc
c
c c c  cc c c
c c c   cc

 ccc
cc c cc
c  c 
c @c*$
c cAc:c
5c788Bcc6+c* +c
?
c  
cc
c  ccc c 
ccc c
cc cc
 "cccc
c ccc c  cc! c
c
c c

c  c c c c c c !c  


c *c c 
c  c c c 
c  +c

 c c   c c
c c  
c 
 c 
 c   c c
 c
c  c "c  
c c
c c c
c "c ! c c
c
 c c c 
c  c  c    c c  
c c  
c  c c c
*=c<c.c788Ccc,+c*,+c
?
c  
c c c c c c 
 c c     c c
c

 c c
c  cc  c   cc
c c  c  cc
 
c c
c @*0c; c$c7866cc3 +c*3+c
   c
c   c ccc c c c c
c  
c
 c
c
c c cc
c c 
c 
cc c 
c 
cc c
 c  c c 
c 
c  c c %1 c c
c  c c
c
 c cc c
c   c  cc c
c   c 
c !c
 
cc
c cc  c c
c c  
c 
c cc c
c cc
c c c  # c
c c c
c 
c c c %c c c "c 
 c c
  c c   c  
 c c 
 c c c  c c c
 cc c   c

c  
c  c 
c c c
c " c 
c c c   c c  c 
c
 c c %1 c c
c c
c  
c
c  c 
c c c
c

c

c >c

c %c  
c c 
c  c c c  c  c  c  c c c 
c
 
c c  c c c  c
c 
   c   c   c c 
c 
c
 c

c %c  
c c  c 
c  c c   c c   c c
c

cccc 
c  
c  c
c
 c c
c   cc
c
! c 
c
cc! c
c 
 c cc
! 
c 
cc   ccc c
c
c 
c
c c c
c    c c  c   
c 
c  c
   c
' c 
! c c  c   c c c %c  c c 
c c
 
c c c   c c 

c c c 


 c c
c   c
"  c 
c 
c  c c c
c c 
c c  c c
c
 c 
c c 
cc  cc c
cc 
c  cc c
c
 c c
c   c    c c 
c  c c c c c c  c
c

 cc
c  c c
c ccc

cc

cc c
c   c   c 
c %c  
c c c 
 c   c c
 c  cc c c cc c!  c c
c 1
  
c c  c   c  c c  
c c c  
c  c
c 
c c c   c
c 
c c c 
c  c c   c
 
c   c c c   c   c  c c c c c
 
cc
c c
c 
c c c
c  c c
c  c 
cc c
  cc c
c c cc
 ccccc cc
cc cc  c
c  c cc c 
c

c #c c c
c c c c c c  c 
c 
c  
c  c c
c 
c c c 
c  c 
c c 
c c "c c c   c c
 c 
#  c
c  &c c c  c   c  c
c c c 2
c c
c
  c  cccc
c 
cc  c!
 c
ccc c
c "  c c c   c c c c  c c 
c c
c    c
cc ccc
  c
c
1.1 Análisis de las tendencias en las teorías del diseño
curricular
c
.c
c" c c c   c c
cc 
c %c  
cc  c
  c cc
2c c
c  c   c cc
c c c
!  c

c c   c c c  c  
1 
#  c c c 
 c c
 
c 
#  c c 
c  c  1  c c
c    c c c c
 c  ccc! cc
c   c c c
c  cc c c
En una primera etapa históricac 
c  c 

c c   c 


c

 c c 
c  c c c  c 
c  c
c  c  c c
c
2
 c  c c c c 
c c   c  1 
c  c c
c
# cc
c
 ccc cc  c
cc
cc c
c   c
c
c cccc
cc cc
 c
c
cccc ccccc
c cccc
c c
c  c%c
c c
c c cc  c  cc c cc
c
 c c
c cc
 cc
c  ccc
c 
cc c cc

c
c c c 
c  &c c
c c
c   c c c
c  c c 
c
c Bc
 
c c 
c  
" c c   c c
c # c 
 c   c c
c
# ccc 
 c 
c
 c  ccc c 
c c   cc
  c 
cc
ccc c
c c  c
cc c c

c   c c
c   c
c
c c c c c   c c
c   c c 
c c  c c
c

ccc  c  c
c
c cc  c
c c !c 
c  
c    c c   c c c c c  c c
 
c c 
c 
c c c c  c c  c c %1 c
 
c c 
c    c c
c  
c c   c c c
 c c c c 
c c  c 
 c c c   c  c
c
  c 
c  c c c 
c  c 
  c  c 
c  c c
c
 
c c
c  
c c %c c
c  
 c c c   c c c
c
c c  c c
c  c c c c
c 
c   c c
c 
 c  
cc
4
c   c   cc
cc   c!cc
 c
c  cc
c
 c
 c
c
 cc
c c 
ccc c
ccc
c
 c c
c  
c
" c c  c   c 
 c c
 ccc 
 c
c 
 ccc c
En una segunda etapac
c c    c c 

c  


c
c
cc   c c
c
 c   
cc c
c c c
c   &ccc

c
c 
 c c
c  cc$ c
c cccc  c c

cc c 
c  ccc
c  cc
 cc
c 

c

cc  c
ccc c
c
 c c
cc  cc
cc
c
c

ccc c 
c  ccc c c
 ccccc
c cc

 c 
c c c c "c 
c  c    c c c c 
c  c
 c c  cc   c"c

c c#
ccc
cc cc

c 
 c   c cc ccccc
cc c
c   c cc  c 1  c
c   c 
c  
cc
  cc0c
c c c
c   c c
c  cconductistac c
c' 
cc
c 
 c c
c ' c c  
c 
c  
c c c c c
!  cc
c
c cc
c 
c cc c  c c
 c
c  c   c c 

c c c c c c   c c 


c
c c
ccc c   c c c 
cc 
c
c
c  c c   cc
cc 
c
ccc
c
c
ccccc   c c cc 
cc c c
cc   c 
 cfuncionalistac cc
c c c" cc

 c c 
  c c
c c   c c
c  c   c 
c  
c ((c
 
c c
c 

 c c 
c 
c c  c  c D c
0Eccccc?
c 
c@c
0
c  c c c  
c c   c c  c c c c  c 
c
  c c
c c  
c *78,7+c c c  c c c c :
c F
c
*78>G+cc<
cF&cccc c  cc c c
cc c:c5c
*78CG+c
F
c 
c c
c 
 c 
c  
c c  c 
c "
 c c c
cc
c   cc
c 
c cc  c
cc
c 
 c

c  c c   c c
c c c
c  
c 
 c c  c c
c
 c  cc
c
c c c  
c c
 c

c Cc
<c Fc c c c  
c  
c c
c 
 c c
c  c 
c
 c c
c    c  c c 
c c
c    c c
c c 
c 
c
 
c    1 
c c
c c c 
c  c  c
c 
c c
 ccc
c c  c!  c  c  cc
c

 c
<Fc 
c
c    c c 
 c c c c  c c  c c c
c  
c  c  c
D ccc cc
c
" c 
c  
c
c?c
c
 c

c  c c  c 2 c c   c 
c  c c 
c  c
 c c c c   c  c c   c  c  c c

 c*$
c cAc:c5c788B+c
c   c  
cc"c
 cc
c c
c cccc
 c 
 c c   c c  c   c c  
c c 
c 
c
cccc c c ccc  cccc cc
ccc c
c 
cc cc
 c c c  cc

c
c   c c
c cc
ccccc cc
cc
 
c2c
c   c  cc
 c 
ccc
c c c
c 
c
cc c  
c"c  cc
c   c c  c 
c
 c 
c
c   c 
c  
cc c
c   c cc cc
c c
 
c  c c c 
c  c c
c 
cc
c   c  c
c
c c c c c 
 c c
c    c c   c c
c    c c
c
  
c 
c  
c c 
c    c  c 
c  c c
c  c 
c 
c
   c c
c   c  
c c c 
c  c c
c  
c c
c
c c   c c
c  c c
c   c c   c c 
c   c


c
:c5cc
cc   c cc  c 
cc c

c  c 
c  c    c c  c   
c 
c c  
c
*$
c c Ac :5c 788B+c c c  c c c c c  c  
c
 cc
c
c cc c c c cc c
c  c 2c 5c c 
c 
 c 
c "
 c c c &c  c
c c
c 
 cc# c*  +cc cc
cc 
cc
c   # cccc c c   c 
cc

cc c
  c c
c  c  c
c   c 
c  c c c  c c
"c%c c cc   c
c %c  
c c   c c
c   c c  c   
c c 
 c
  cc
c c
c# c c%cc
c
 &ccc 
cc
c
 c c
c
 c 
c c  " cc
c   c
$c
c  
cc cc
 c c
c   c
c  cc
c c
 
c c   c c c
c  c c   c c
c  c c
c   c
  c c c c 

c  c c #  c c "


 c c c
 c c c c  
c c  c  
c c c c
c
  c c
c  
c c 

c     c   c c 


c  c  
cc
/ c 
cc  cc  cc cc 
cc 
cccc

cc
  cc c cc cccc c
c
c #c c

c  c c 0c  c c


c c ?!c c ;
@c c c  c
  cc  c c
cc  c

c 6c
c    c c  c  c c
c  
c    c c c c c c
 &c c   c   c  c c !  c c  c

 c  c  
c c 
 c   c c  c 
 c c  c
   c
c cc
c 
cc
c  
c cc % cc#  cc
 c c
c  cc c
c 
cc c

ccc 
 c
c

 c c
c   c   c c 
 c c
c    c   
cc
.c 
 c 
c  c c c  c c  c
c 
 c c
c !c c
 
c
c  c 
c  
c
 c  cc
c
c c % cc
c
"c    cccc 
c cc c
c   c  c
cc

 c    c c  c c 
c  c c  
c  
c c 
 c c  c
 c c  c 
c c c  c
c c
c c c  c
c
 
c
c   c 
c c 
c c  c c 
 c c 
c  
c c c

 c 1
c 
1
c     1c     1
c
 c c "  c  
c 
c  c c
c   c 
c     c  c
 
c c 
 c   c !
c 
 c c  
c c c
c
  c 
c c c
c cc
c 
c  # c 
c c c
c 
cc$c
c
 
c 
 c  c c 

c     c c 


c   c c
c
  c   c
cc cccc  c  ccc cc   c
 
c c 
c cognitivistac c c c 
c   c c  
c 
c


c c 
 c 
c cc$c
c   c  
c c
  c c
c c c
 c c
c 
cccc c c!  cc

c 
c !  c   c c
c  c c  c
c 
c  c


c c  &c c c c 

c
c   c  c  c c  c c
"  c    c  c c  c 
! 
c 
c  c 
  c c
   cc cc
cc  c  c
c c c !  c "  c  c 

c  c  c



! 
 c  c  cc ccc   c  
c"c 
c
c c c
c   c c  c c c 
c  c c  c
 
c
$ c
c %c  
c 
 c
c"  cc
cc " 
cc c
c  c c   c  c c c c   c 
c c  c
c c   c c c c c  c c
c c    c  c c
c

c
c cc 
c
c  
c
c c
c 
 c c c  
c c  c c c  c c
   c c  
c c    c "c c #  c c  c c

c

c
c  c  c ccc cc  2cc
c 

c
c
c
cc  c c
c
cc   cc
! cccc

c  c c
c  c  c 
c   c c )c  c
c  c
c
 c
c   c
c 2 c
c c
c c
c 
  c
c   c
c
  &c c  c
c  c
c 
! 
c
c c
c  
c
c  c
c
 c
c  c
cc

c
cc
c  
&cc  c  c

c  c  c


c   c
c c c  
c c  c
c  c  
c c %c  c
   c 
 cc
c 
 c 
c cc
c c 
 
c

c 8c
c 
c 

c c c   c c


c  c " c c  c c
c

 c c  c c   c 
 c  c c
c  c c 
 c
c
c 
c c
c  c  c c
c  c c
c  c
    c c c  c 
c  c c
c  c   c c c c ' c
;cH c-cc-Ic
c   c c! c  cc 
c  
c
c c
5 
c

 ccc   cc
c " c 
c

c c
c%c
c  cc
c c 
c   cc
c  c 
c cc

c  c c


c  c c
c    c c c  
c 

c c 
c

  c c 
 c c  
 c c
c  
c c
c    c c
c
c c
c "  c c
c  c " c c
c  c  
 c c
c
%cc
c c cc
c 
c " c 
c c 
c
c 
c

 cccc
c  c   c
cc  ! c   
 c

c 

c 
c c
c
 c

c   
 c c
c %c c c   c c
c   c c 
c


c 
c c

c   c c
c
 
 c ccc
c
c c   c
c cc
c  c c
c 
c   
c
# c 
cc
c  
 c c
c%c c
c
 c 
c
c
c 
c c c
c ' c c  c
c  c c /c 0 
c *76C7178, +c c c

 c
 cc
c c c #cc
cc  c
c  c

c c

c c  c c c   c   c c


c    c c c 
c c c $c
 c ccc  c
c  c 
c  
c c
c%c  cc
c
c   c c
c   c 
c" c
/c c
" c c   c 
c  
c c c c 

c c
c
  cmétodo de proyectosc  c
c  
cc cc c c
c c
#c c 
c  c c
c c c 
c c 
c c c  c c
c 
c c
cc  c
c  ccc c
c
c
c !c 
c  
c 

c c   c
c enseñanza modularc 

 c c

cc c$# c cc ccc%c 
c  c
cc c
  c  ccc cc
c
c  
 c c
c   c
c   cc

c ! c c     c " c c


c %c    c   c
  c c
c%c  c  cc
! c   c# cc
c
 c c

c%cc
c   c
c  c" c c
c%c 
cc
c 
c  cc c
c  c c
c  
cccccc c ccc  cc c cc
c
 c c  
c 
c c
c  c c
c  
c c  c c
c
c c
c 
c  
c c   c 
c  
c " c
c  c
  # cc 
c
c  
c
c 
c c
c 
 c 
c c  ccc
c c cc

c  c c c 
c c 
c   c c c c   
 c

 c# c c c
c   c  cc cccc
c%c 
cc cc cc"c  c
c cc
c 
c"c

c c  
c 
c  c c #
c c  c c c c c  
c c
 c  cc c c c
cc" c 
c   c c

c 7Gc
c
c  c
cc 
cc$cc
c c
c c   
c* c  c

c 
cc 
 +cc
c cc cc ccc 
 c
c
c cc
cc"cc c
c   c cc 
 c  c c
c
c   c  c c  c  
c c  c c
c 
c
 
ccc
ccc"c
c c  
c

c  c  c  


c   c c
c
  c    c  
c c
c !  c 
 c c
c    c
$c5
c1c( 
ccccc

c 
 c 
c  
c c  c c
c    c  
c 
c  
c  
1
   &cc   c
 cc
c c
c   cc
c 
cc
c  c c c    c c 
c %c  c c c c c  
c
 
ccc
c c c" c c
 c  # c c
ccc  c  cc  c " c
c
 c
 c  cc
c c 
c 
&c

c
c c 
c cc
c c c%1 c 
c
 c
c %c c 
c c  c
c #c  c 
c c
c  c 
c 
c  &c

c c c 
c c 
c  c 
 c c
c c c  c
 c c c   c  c c
c c 
c  c c  c c
c cc c

cc &c

c 
c c
c   c  cccc
c   c 
c  c  c
#c c  c c  c c c c    c c # c c
  c c# c c   c   c
-cc
c2
 
ccc cc 
c c c ccc

c cc c c  c
c   c" c c
c  cc 
c
 c c c   c " c 
 c c c   c c
c !  c
c 
c
c  c  
 c  
c
c c

c  c
c 
  c
" c 
c   c  c
c c c cc
c
cc c c

c
c c
c ccc! cc 
#  c  1 c
c
5 
c c investigación en la acciónc c
c # c c   c c
c  c c
c c 
c  
c Jc E c c
c #  c c
c %c ,Gc c
c  c  c
c 
c  c c  c
c   c ! 
c c 
c  c  
c c c

 c  cc c7867cc
c0I c  c c4  cc$
c  cc %c
c
# cc  cc c c    c 
c 

c  
c c
c c
 
c c  c c c 
 c #c c
c  c c c  
c c c
c
"  c c c   c
c cc)
c   c 
c
c# cc
cc  
ccc
c ?)  c c 0

c 
c  
@c    c c c c
c "  c
 cc %cc
c #  c c
c6Gc
c c "c     c c c  
c  
c
c  c  c c
  c

c
c cc
c   cc
c  c
cc
&c
c c2
 cc
c c c
c
 c 
cc
c c c
c c
c
c 
  c
ccc
c c  c 
c c   cc
  c 
c cc
&c

c 77c
! c
c  c
cc 
c cc c cc
c
c c

c c c
cc 

c &c

c  c c
c   c 
cc"
 c"c cc# c c
c

 c 
&c

c   c c c  c  c c  c c
c
  cc cc   c
c  c

c  
cc  c c cc? c c c  ccc  cc

c c 
c
cc
cc
ccc  ccc  c 
c @c
*H"
c5&c788>+cc cc 
cccc
 c c
c c  c
 c
c ccc
c 
c  c ccc c   c c
c 
c c 
c c 
c c  c c 
 c c 
c  c  c c
%c cc   c
ccc
c
c
cc
c 

c

c c c

c  c c  c c   c
 c 
c  c c c   c
 c c c c  c 
c  c 
c  c c 
c c c ;c c
  c
c cc cc
c  cc

 c 
c
ccc c
c c c
c c 
c&c

c2 c c
 &c

cc c
 c  cc
c c
c  c 
cc 
ccc
c  cc c
c
 c    c 
c cc
c  c
cc
cccc
c c c c
c  c c c c 
c c c  cc

cc cc
c 
 c 
c c
c cccc 
c cc
c   
c cc
c
c
  c 
c cc
c c
c   c cc
 c
c# c
c
c   c c
c # c  c c
c   c c  c  c c
 c c  c  
c  c c c  c c  
&c  c c c
 c 2c 
c
  c " c
c   c
  c c c c c

c c c 4
c 5#! c  c  
c c  c c
%c 
c
$
c c  ccc 
c cc
c   c c 
c
%c 
c  
c
cc  cc
c   c   
c 
ccc
c
 &c c  c 
c  c c %c c c   c c  c  
c
  
c c c 
 c 
c  
c  c  
c c
c  c
 c c  c 
c c c c c c c c 
c  c c c %c
c c  cc
c!  c !
 c
c
5 
c constructivistasc c 'c c
c  c c c 
c  c c c 
c

 c 
c c c  c  c 
c   cc#c c
c    cc

c
c c c
c c  " c
c
c  c 
c cc
c c
?c c  
c cc
c   cc c c  ccc 
c
c
c c   c 
c
@c*: c;
c.7886+c
c  
c    c  c 
c  c c 
c c  c 
c "! c 
c
  c  c 
c c c ccc 

ccc   cc cc


 c
c cc
c
 cc
c
c  cc
cc  c
c c c c !c c   c  c 
c   c   c     c c 
c
 c c
c  c 
c   c c 

c c  c 
c 
  c c

c 7 c
! c c  c c cc cc
c   cc
c !c  c
c c
c    cc 
c    cc
c c
c   c 
c c
c 
c    cccc   c

c  
cc 
c   c ccc
c &c
#c 
c  c  
c c c c 
c  c c 
c  c c
 c  c 
cc  ccc  cc
c c
&c
c
c   c ccc
c c c
cc  c
cc%&c

c
cc  cc  c  cc
c
 c cc c
c c
c
cc &c

c  
c 
 c  c  
c c  c c 
c c
 c c c c  c
c  c c !  c c c c
!
 c
c
 c ccc cccc cc c
c  c  1


c c c c 

c 
c  c  c c
c 
 c c
c  
c c c
 c
c
F c c c  
c c c  
c  c   c c 
c


c  c c
c c  
c c
  c c  c   c
c

" ccc ccc ccc
c 

c  cc 
cc0 c
c c c  c
c   c  c c c c c  c c c
  c 
c c 
1 
#  cc
c  
c c tercera etapac "c   c c c  c  
c  c c "c


 c  c
c   c  c c c "c   c c c c c
c
 c  1  c c  
 c c c
c    c "c c c
 cccc c
c c c c
c  
c
c
c  cc
c
 c c
  c  c 
c
c  c c  c  c c c  c c c  c 
c
  c  
 c c 
! 
c c
c c c c c  c  c
 cc
c c   cc c c

c  
ccc
cc c
cc  
cc
c 
c cc c
cccc cc
c c! c # c c cc"cc 
c  
c  1 

cc
c  
c  c c c c
c  
c "c *c c 4 I +c c 
c


c 
c c
c 
 c c  c c  c 
c  
c 
#  cc
'c 4 I c 
c  c c c     c  
c c c 
c c  c c
 c
  
c c c 
c c c c  &c c c     c c   c c
  c 
c   c
$c  c c c  c
c c 
c c
c  c c
c 
  c 
c
 c c  
 c c
c   c c
c     c c
c %c c 
c
 c c  c c c  c  
"c c -c =c F
 c  c c c
c c 
 c c  
c c %c 
c  
c c 
 c c
c   cc
 c c
c  
c 
 c c c
c  c c
c %c c  c
 
c 
c c    c c
c
c 
&cc c 
c cc

c
c c  c  
c c  &c c c  c   c c c
c c
    c  &c c  c
c  c  c
c  c # c c c c
%c

c 7,c
c c  
c 
c 
c  
c 
c c  c c c c  c c
c

 c 
c 
c c  c c c c  c c
c 
 c c
c 
 c 
c
 c c%c 
c 
c

c 
c  
c c c   c  c c c  1# c c
 
1 
c 
c c  c
c    c c
c 2
 
c c c c
 
ccc  c   cc ccc

c"cc
 cccc
  c c c
 c c c c c  c c 
 &c c
c   c 
c
 c c     c " c c 
 c * c c c  
+c c
 c
c2
c c
c c cc c
c
c   c  cc cc c
  cc
c
cc c
c c  c   cc
c 
 c c

c  c 


c c
c &ccc2
 c  c
c
 c 
c
c
c    c" c
 c
cc 
c
c c 
c 
c
c 
c c %c  
c ccc 
c 
 c
c
c ccc ccc
  c ccc
c c  cc
c
c c
c
c
c 
c 
c " cc
c
 
 c c c
cc2
 c  cc
c
c c   c 
c c c c   cc
c
c c 
c
c 
c  c c
c  c c $c  c c  c c c
c
   c  
c *
+c c c c  c c
c 
 c 
c 
c c
 c
c

c  
c c  
c    c c c 
c c  c c c c
c
  c 
 cc
c 
ccc c ccc
ccc
c c 
c "
 c  
c c
c  c c c
  c c 2c c
c c
"c  c 
c  
c "c  c c  c c 
c "
 c  
c c

c c  cc cccc


c c   
cc 
 &cccc
c
  c c
c c "c c   c c c  c 
 c c 
#  c  c c
  &c c
c c c c c c 
#  c c  c 

c  c
c  c

 c c cc   c

c 
cc
c %c  
cccc cc c  cc
c
' cc

ccccc?
cFc c
c c  @cc0 c 
cc c
cc"  ccc cc
c   c cc
c
  c
c"c!cc
c 
c c cc!c
c

1.2 Tendencias en el diseño curricular en Cuba


c

c c c
c  c 
c c c %c  
cc  "c   c
c
 c c c c c  
c  c c c  c c   c
c  c
c c c 
c c c   c c 
c 

c c
c   c  c
c #c 
c c c
c:
 cc
c%c c78>8ccc
ic c  c  establecimiento y conceptualizaciónc c
c  c c c

 c 
c 
c c c
c   c c
ic c  c c masificaciónc !
 c   c  c 
c  c  
c c
 cc   c c 
c c
c%c c
c 73c
ic c c credimensionamientocccc c
c  c  
ccc"c
c c c 

cc
c 
 c

c c c
c c c c c  c "c # c c 
c "
 c 
c %c
 
cccc ccc
0c
c  c %c c
c  c c   c
c :
 c c
 c 
 c c
c  c   c c  
c c
c   c c

 c 
c
c
 cc
c   c cc
c%c c78B cc
c
c  c c
c
:c    c c  c  
c
c  c
 
c c 

c c   c c c c c c   c

c  
c c c 
c 
c c  c c c c   
c
c    c c
c
  cc
c cc  c
 c
c   c  c
cc
   c
$c
c c c
c    c c c 

 c  c c ! c c


  c c
c   c c
c    c c c c
c  c c
c  c
  c
c c
c
c c   c c
cc c
c 
c c

c  c c
c   
 c 
cc
c 

c c
c  ccc
c c  c c  c c  c c  
 c c
c   c  c
 c
c  c c   c    c 
c c  c c 

c 
 c
cc c
c   c c
c cc
c c c
$
c c c
c:
 c! cc
cc   c
c
 cc
c
c 6c c    c c .c 
c 

c c
c c  c  1
  c c 

c c 
c  c 
 c   c 
c c
c c
! cc # cc c cc c 2cc   c 
 &cc
c c c   c 
c   c c 

c c c c   c c


   ccc c ccc  c c 
c
c c# cc
c  c c cc
c c c
c  c#  c c
c
5 c H
c F
   c < "
c c c 
c c c ! c c
.c
c  c c 
c "c c
c .  c -
c c
c 5" c c   c c
  c c
c " c c c 
c  c  1 
c 
c c
  " c 
c  c c c c
c ' 
c c
c Hc c c c


cc
cc cc   c  c
c  c c  
c c
c .  c $  c c # c c
c
 c  ccc  
 c c
c"  cc c
c  c cc

c
c  c   c    c c 
c  c  c
c    c
 c c
c  c  " c
c
c 
cc c 
c c
c  c  
c c %c c c  c  c c  c c  
c
  
 c c
c "  c 
c
c cc
c c c  ccc
c c"  c
  c
c c  c c c  c c c 
c 2c c >,c 
c c
c

cc  cc

ccc
c cBBc 
 c
c c c 
c  c 
c c  c c   c c c
 c c  c
ccc
c   c 
c c c   c  cc
c2c

c 7>c
c%c c
c cc c cc
c   c>cc  cc 
ccBcc
 c
Kc  c 
c  c 
c %c c c c c %
c
c    c c   c
c

c c ccccc
c
c c
c c cc
c2c c
c
  c c  c c 7 Gc c 7BGc c 
c %c   # c c
c  c c
c c c


cc 
c 1"  c
c
c   c c c   c 
c 
c  
c c
c    c c
c
"  c 
ccccc 
c c  cc  cc
c    c

cc
c ccc " c 
c
c
c c c 
c  c c 78>8c c 78C>c c  c  c
c   c

 c
ic
c 
  c c
c  c  
c c   c 
c  c
 
c c   c c   c c
c:c   c
ic c
  c cccc  c
c
 cc 
cc
c
 cc
  c c c 
c  
c c 
c  c c  c
 
c
c c c
c   c 
c c c c c c c


c
ic <c c    c  "c c 
  c c  c c c c
c %c
 
c c
c 
 c c
c :c    c   c c 

c
 
c 

c c c c c c  c  c c c


c  c c c c
ic
c " c c
c 
c  
c c 
c  c 
c 
c 
c c
 c c
c  c c c 
c  c c  c  " c 
#  c # c
 c
ic c 
 c    c c
c    c c
c  c
 
 c c ccc %c
ic ! c c 
c  c c
c c c c 

c  c
c  c
"  cc cc  c
c"  c

cc c cccc
c
cc
c  c 
c
c c c
ccc ccc " c
 
c
c
c
c
c
c

c c 
c  c  c 
c  c c   c c
c   c c c  c
c
 c 
c c 

c 
ccccc
c c%c 
c c

  cccc 
 c 
c
 cc
c
c 
  c c c
c
 %c c   c c
c  
c   c c  c
c 
 c c  c c c   c c
 c c   
 cc cc
cc  c c
c 
c!  cc
c c c c    c c
c    c c c
c  c ! c c
c
cc
c
c  c c c  c c  c c c   
c 
c c
c
   c c  ccc  cc c
c c
cc
 c  c c
c  c c  
c    c c c 
c
5   c c   c  c *5 +c c 
c  c c  c c  c c
c 7Bc
 
 c c  c c 
c  c c c c c   c  c c 2c
 
c c.c c   c c
cc cc  cc!
 cc c
c   c c
c   c c
   c  c c c  
c  c c c  c c c
c

c c
cccc  cc   c    c c.c c   c c
 " c c 3>c c 

c   " c


c  c c c   c 2
c c
c c  c c   &c c c 
c c c
c  c  c
  c # c c 
c  c c c c 
 c ! c c  c

 &c c c c   
c c  c c c c   c  c c c c c "c
  c c   c c

c 

c 
cc
c   c  c c
c 
cc

ccc
cc
c c c
c
 c*,GGGGGc +cc 
c  c
c
c
 
c c
  cc  c cc  c 
 cc cc
 c c 
 cc c
c ccccc  c
c
$c
c c c  c   c 
c 2c c 
c  
c c   
c
c
   c  
c  c 
c  c c  c  " c 
c  c c c c
 
 ccc cc 
 c
c  c c ccc %c


c   c c   c     c c
c  c c
c c

c c c
  c

c c c !  c c 


c c c c c   c G,c 
c
 
c
c
F cc c
ccc
c c!cc c7>c
c c  
 c   c  
c  c c
c
c   
c 
c


c  c  c 



cc 
c 
cc
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
cc
 cc
Hc  
 c
)c H
c5 cc5
 c
))c # c
)))c . c c5  c
)4c )  c$ cc9 c
4c
  c$  cc.  c
4)c Fc
4))c . c
4)))c '  c$  c
)(c c
(c 
 c'2
cc.
c= c
()c .  c-
cc5" c
())c .  c 
cc< c
()))c ' c

c 7Cc
()4c $c
(4c  
 c5
c
.c  c c
c  c c c 
 c c
c  c 
c
  c c 
c  
c   c c c  c
c c # c c
c
 c cc ccc  c cc
c c 
c c
  c
$c   c c  c
c c 
  c c
c   c c  c
 
c

cc c cc  c c  cc
c    c c c


c c c 


  c  c c
c   c c  c  
c c c
 c"ccc c
cc  c
c  c c
c c
c c  
c c 
 c c 

c     c c  c  


c c
c
   cc
c 

c
c 
cc c c
c  c 
cc c
c c
   c c c
c 
 c 2
c
c 
c  c
c  c 
c c  
c
c
   c
ccc
c 
c
'c2
 c
c  
 c5
ccc
 c c
c  cc c

cc cc c


c "c
c
cc c c
c
c c cc
cc
cc cc c
c    c "  c c c 
c  c c  c c c  c 
c
 c
c 
cc cc  c 
 cc
 c
c 
c c
c c 
c  
c

c 
c c  c c  c 
c  
c 
c 
c c c  c
ccc cc  
cc  c
c c
c
c 
 ccc c  c cc c c cmasificacióncc
c
  c
ic
c  c c
c    c  c  
c
c !
 c c c !c c
 cc   c
ic $
c  c  c
c   c 
c c
c c c 
c
cc2c
c c 
 c
ic c c
c  c c
c 
cc cc
c c  
 c "c
 ccc   c  c ccc

c  c
ic c 
 c c  c 
 c c 
c %c  
c c
c  c
 
 c
ic
c  c
  c  2c  " c c c c  
c c
c c
  c cc c "  c
ic c   c 
 c 
c  
c c
c "  c  
c c  c c c
" c 
c
c
1.3 Diagnóstico de la situación al final del segundo período
c

cc 
c c
c c cc   c cc c c   ccc
c
c cc
c %c  
cc ccc
cc  cc
c c c
c c c c c  c  1  c c  c  
c c
 
ccc   cc
c 
c!c ccc
Kc c  
c c
c %c  c c c c  c 
c c
c  c c
  ccc c
c 76c

c c 
c
c 
c &c

c# ccc   c c%&c

c   c 
c c
c  c
c %c
cc
c c
c   c c
  c 
c  c c %c  
c
c  c  c
c
c  c c c c
c  c 
c c c credimensionamientocc
 c 
c 
cc
c   c cc   c c"c 
cc
cc c

c 
c c  c c
c 
c c c 
c c c c  c c

cc
cccc
c %c!
cc
cc c
c

c c  c c c c  
c   c c   c c c   c
  c c c
c  c c  c c c  c c c c c 
c 
c
 c
c  
c  
c c c c   c c 
c
c c 
c
%c  
ccc cc
c cccc c c c
cc cc  c
$c c cc 
cc c!
c
c
  ccc cc  c
c c
c c  c   c
c c cc   c cc c"c
 c
c   c  
c c 
c  c c 
c %c  
c "c
 c  cc  ccc  cc
c# c 
c
c c

c 78c
c
CAPITULO 2
c
c
c
ANÁLISIS ESENCIAL DEL PROCESO
CURRICULAR
c
c
c
.c c c  c 
c c c  c c
c  c  c c 
c  c

c c c c !c   c c c 
c # c  1
  
c c c c  
c  c c 
c  c  
c c c %c c
 c c
cFc c
c c  c
cc 
c #c c!
c
cFc c
c c  cc   c
c  
c c c  c #c c 
c  
c c c  c c c c c c

 c c
c' cc
c0 "  cc' cc
c
c  c 
c
  cc cc  c
cc c
c!
 c 
c c
c
2.1 La teoría de los procesos conscientes
c

c c c c   c c 
 c c c c   c
c  c
c
c
c ccc"c   cc
cc
cc   c
c
c  c   c 
c  c c ?
c c c
c  c  @c c c
 
c!
c 
c c"c 
c
c cc c c
 c
 c
c   c c
c cc
c
 ccc cc
!c
c
c cc 

c
$c   ccc    c
c  c 
 c c cc
c ccc c ccc
c"
 c c
c
FUNDAMENTOS EPISTEMOLOGICOS DE LA
TEORIA

c c    1    c c
c   c c  c 
c 
c c
c
c c  cccc c c
c  ccccc  cc

c c c   c c  c c  
c  
c ! " c c c 
c c
c
"  c cc! ccc  cc
  cc
c  c 
cc
c   ccc.  cc
cc 
c   c
c
c c

c c c   c c c c
c 
c   c c 
c  c
  c c cc c c"
 c
-c c  c c  c
c    c c " c  
 c c c

 c c  c c c  c c c c  c c 
c 

c c
c
c 
c' c c0 %c. 
cc c   ccc   c ccc  c

c Gc
 cc
cc cc  c c
c"  c c
c c  cc

c  c 
c

c c c   ccc   ccc!cc
cc cc
  c  
1 
#  c c  c   c c c 
c c   c
PRINCIPIO HOLÍSTICO-DIALÉCTICOc 
c 
c c c c
c
 c  c c 
c 
#  c c  c c 
c c c c 
c c
c
cc
0 ccc c c
 c c   cc  cc cc
c cc c
 
c
cccc  ccaracterización holística del objeto de estudio&cc

c c
c  c 
cccc  cenfoque dialéctico delcdesarrollo
del procesocc. cc c

cc  cccccc ccc   cc


'c ccc    c
c
CARACTERIZACION HOLISTICA DEL OBJETO DE ESTUDIO
c
*c La relación de lo holístico y lo holográfico en el objeto de estudio en
las ciencias sociales
c
c  c  
c c c  
c c  c c
c "  c
c
c 
c c c  c c
c !  c c  c c   c c c

 ccc c
c
 c c cc
'c
cc cc c
c
  c cc
cc c
c c c

c

c c
c 
 c c cc
c c 
c cc
c cc
 c
c
c c
c ccc  c
c 
cc
c c  c ccc c

cc c  c
c 
c c
c c
c   c

cc
c 
 c c
c ccc
c c c c
c c 
 c   c cccc
  c c c c   
c  c
c  
 c 
c c c
c  c 
c  c c 
c
c  c
c
c  c  
c c "  c  
c 
c c    c c 'c

c  c c  c  c 
c  c c  
 c 
c   c c c c c
 
c
c   cc c 
cc c c
c
 c c
c 
c
cc cc
ccc c c 
 cc c c
c  c c  c

c c
c 
 c c c c
c  c  
c 
c
  cc c c
cccc
 cc
c c
cc  c
c 
c 
c 
c c c c
c "  c  c 2c  c c 
c ! c
 
ccc 
 c
/#cc
c 
 c 
c
c # cc
c c 
c
c
 cc
c
ccc c
cc!cc 
 c
c c c cc
c
cc c
c c c c ccc 
 cc
c # cc

c&ccccc c
c 
 c 
cc
c cc   c c
cc
c c
c
cc c
c
! c cc c

cc
c 
 c cc
cc c
 cc 
 c   c 
cc
cc 
c cc c
c 
ccc


c c  c c c  c  c c  c c c 
 c c 
c
 &ccc
cccc " c 
 cccc  cc
c cccc  cc
c cc  c

c 7c
'c  c !
c 
c  c c c c  
c c c 
  c

 cc  c  c 
ccc c c cc 
c c
c
 c    cc c
cc#
&ccc  ccc
c  c 
c
"cccc  cc cprocesoscc c 
cc
c   c c
c ccc   c
cc 
c cc  c c cc 
c
cc 

c   c 
c cc 
 c

c  c  c c  c  c c c 
c  c c
c c  
c
 c c c c c c
c 
 c c c c 
c  c c c
  c 
 c "
 c  
c 
c c c 
 c c  c c

c c
cc"
c cc
c
ccc
 c cc

 c c
cc c
c cc-ccccc 
c
c c c
c
c  c c c 
c c  c c c c c   c "
c c
 c   c c c 
 c c 
c  c c
c  
c c  c
 
 c c

cc  cc


c
 c 
c cc  c c
ccc   c c
c   c

c   cc c 
c  c cc$c
c 
 c cc
cc 
c
c c 
c 
#  c c
c    c 
" c c
c cc
c 
c c  c c c
c c 
c  c c 
c "c 
  c c
c c ccc c c
c
 c 
c c cc c*enfoque
holográfico+c
Dc
c 
 c 
#  c c
c c 
c c 
c  c c
c   c cc c   &c
c ccc   cc  cc c


cc &cc cc  cc  cc c

cccc   c c
c cc$cc
cc
c c  1   c  cc
c c
c
c   c  # c 
c  &c c 
c  c c   c 
 &c c c 
c
# c
c   c  
Gc c c  c  c c  c c  c c c c


c
c   c  ccc c c
c 
c c 
c    c c c 
c c c c
c 
 c  c
"c  % c c
c 
" c 
c c c c   c 
c
c  c

 cccc
c c
 c cc
c
*c La relación de lo objetivo-subjetivo en el objeto de estudio y en el
investigador
c
c  c 
c
c
c
cc c  cc c

c cc
 c c
 c c c  c 
 c c c 
 c c
c c c c c
c  c c c  c c  c c   c c $c  c 
c   c
 2c c 
c   c c  c  c c c c c c c  c
 c
c   c c c c c  c
c c c 
c c c c 
c
c c  c c c   c   
c c c
c   c  c


c
cc  cc 
c
c  c
 c
cc cc
c c c c
c  c 
cccc c
  ccc  cc
c 

c c c


 cc c
c" c
c 
c   c 
 c c   c c    c c  c c c
  c c    c   c  #&c c  c
c 
c 
 c
c

c c c
cc c
c  c 
c c
c c 
c
$
c  c  c c c 
c c 
c   c c c 
c  c
  c  c c 
c  c "c c c 
c  c c c
c c
c c
c
 &ccccccc
cc  c
ccc?
cc c
  @c c c c c
c cc
c   cc c
c   c
c cc
c ccc cc
 c cc c
c c  c
c c 1 

c
c
 cc c
c
$c
cc c c c
c   cc
c
c
cccc " c
 c c  c 
cc#cc #cc " c c  cc
c
   cc c
c   c cc
c  c  
c 
ccc
ccc
c
c  cc  c
cc 
c
cc c 
c   c cc
 c c
c
 c cc cc cc  c
c  c
ccc
c  c*+cc
c c*c +&ccc
ccccc
"c  cc  c c
c   c
c
*c La relación teoría-práctica en las ciencias sociales
<cc c 
cc
c   ccc   cc"c
  c c
c

 c 1"  c c c 
  c  c 
c c c  c c  c c
c c 
 c  
c c c  c c
c "  c  c  c c
c
"  c c   c c  ccc c c ccc

cc  c
c c c c c c c c  c c 
 c c c 
 c  # c
* 
 +c c c 
c c  c   c ! 
c  #c c  c c

 c c c 
c 

c  c  
c c . c c c 
 c c c 
c c
 
 c c c 
c c
c 
 c "  c  c
c  
 c c 
c 
c
 c c c    c  
c c ! 
c c  c  c c 

c  
cc
c  c #cc"
c
c c c
c"  cc c
c
 c
 c
c
cc c c c
c "
 c c  c "c 
c c  c c  c c   c
 c c   c   c ! 
c c
c  c c c  c   c
 c  c c  c c c c c  c c "
c c c !c
 c
cc c c c
c cc cc!
cc
cc"c   cc

c  c c 


cc c cc
c c 
c   ccc  c
c
c
c c
c 
c c
c c  c c 
 c    c c c 

c  c c
"cc c
ccc! ccc
 c cc fundamentaciónc 
c  c

c ccc
ccc 
c c
c
 cc c 
c cc " c

 c c c  c c   c c  c c c  c 
 c c
c c 
c
 ccc
c   cc  c
 cc  c
c
 c c

c   c c
'c c
 c
c 
 c 1"  c  c c   c  c c 
c c
c
"  c cc c c c
c  
c 
c  c 
c   c c cc
c 
c 

c c
c ccc#ccccc   c
c"  cc
c  c  1 
c
c 
c cccc cc
c"  c c#c 
c
c 

c c
c c c c c  c  c c 
c  c c c ?
c "  c c 
c   c c
c
  @c c cc
c
c c cc 
ccc 
  c 
#  c
cc 

c
c   c c
c c  c 
c  
c 1"  c c
  
c 
c "
 c  1  
c c 
 c c c
c  1
 cc
c  cc    c 
cc c   c
c ,c
0c c c    c c c c c c  c "c c
c ! c
c 
 c c
c c 
c  c  c c c 
c  1 
c c c
c
  cc c
cc c  c c c"c  c
  c c
c 
 c
 cc

c
c    c cc c 
c c 
ccc
 c 
c c
  cc c  ccc
  ccc c!
ccc c
c

c ccc cc
cc c  
c c  c

cc  c


c c c   c
c ! c 
c "
cc
c  c 
cc
 c c   c  cccc  cc c 
cc 
ccc
c c 
c ! 
c 
c 
c c c  c  
c c c c

c c c  c c  c c c c
c .  c  
c c c   c c

cc 
 c
c
)
c 
c  c 
c  c   c c
c  
c c  c c
c
 c 
c c "
c c  
c
  c c
c  c  
c 
c  c  c
c c !  c c c c   c 
c 
 
c  c

c c
  c c c  c 
c  c  c 
 c c  c
  c cc  c
$c c c c
c c c
c  
c c
c  c  
c

c c  c  c c
c 
 c 
#  c c c   c *
c   +c c
c   c*
c 
 +cc c
c  c ccc c
c c
  c
c
c 
 ccc   c
c
 c c
c 
 c c
c 
" c* 
c cc
c+&c

c
 c c
c cc
c &c

c
 c c
ccc
c"  &c
c
 
c
c c c
 c 
cc c   c
c
ENFOQUE DIALÉCTICO DEL DESARROLLO DEL PROCESO
$c
cc   c c
cc  c #cc 
 c c   c
lógicac cc
c 

c c
c c 
c c
c c  ccc
c c metodologíac c  c   
c c c  c c

#  c 
c 

c c
c c  c c c
c  c 
ccEsta
metodología, en calidad de principios repito, es el resultado de la contradicción dialéctica
que se genera entre la caracterización externa, fenoménica del proceso de naturaleza
facto-perceptible, y otra más profunda y esencialc c 0 c  c c 
c
 cc c
 c"c  
 c c
c ccc 

ccc
c

c  c c 


c c !c c 
c  
c c */#c c c  c

 cc
cc c
cc
c c cc cc c cc c

cc 
 c"
 c c 
 c c c +cc4c
c
c
*c Aproximación facto-perceptible al objeto de estudio
c c  c !  c  c c 
c 
c  c 
c c c


c
c    cc
ccc
cc c c c

c 3c

c  c 
c  c  c c c c
c   c c c c c  c c c
 cc c
c
 ccc c

c c
c c  c ccc
c 
 c  c c c c
c c c c c c  c   c
  cc
cc  cc
cc cc 
 c!cc c  c
c
  c c c c 
c
c   c c c 
 c !c

c c !
 c 
c c  c  c  c  c  c c
c
   c c c cc
c 
 ccc   c 
cc   cc  cc
ccc
c
cc
c  c cccc cc c
 c 
 ccc
c   
c
c 
c   c 
c c
c 
 c !c c  
c c  c
   c 
c c c  c c la función, la dimensión, la tendencia y el principioc
empíricocc.
 ccc 
"c c cc
c!
 c c c
 
ccc
 c c
c!c    cc
c c!
 c
c 
 c!cc   c
c c*
c+c c
 cc
c cc
c funciónc c
c 
 c !c c c 
c  c 
c c
c  c

 c 
c c cc 

c
c

c  c  funcióncc
c  c   c
ic 
 c
c 
c c 
c &c
ic
c  c!c 
c c c
c# c 
&c
ic c   c c
c  c c 
c c c c  &c c c  c
c
 c c  c 
 c 
c c 
c
c c c c

c c
cc cc!
 c c ccc
 c
c
0c
c"
 c 1  
cc c
c c
c 
ccc  c
!c cc c c c  cc. c
c c  c"c cc c
 
c
c
c
c 
c 
c cc
ccc   ccc c
c c   c
c  cdimensión.c La dimensión es la proyección decun objeto
o atributo en una cierta direccióncc. c  ccc!cc c
c
 c  c c c 
 c c 
c  c c 
 c c 'c 
c 
c  c
 1   ccc  c
c   c
c 

 cc
c   c
c ccc 
 cc
 ccc
c &cc
c  c
cc ccc ccc  cc c 
c c
 cc$cc

c
c c
c c  1   ccc
c cc#
cc c c
c cc  c c
cc
c   c
c   cc
c 

 c
'c   c 
c c c  c   c  c  #c c  &c c c c
c
  c c  c  c c
c  c c
c  c 
c c c 
c c
 
c c 
c "
 c c c tendenciasc   c c 2
 c c c
c
   c cc c 
ccdiagnósticoc
c
c
.c 2c c c  c
c  c  
c 
c c c c  c
!  c  
c
c   c c    c
c !  c c
c
c  c c 
c 
c    c c c c principios dec
naturaleza empíricacc
c cc cc  c 
c  c "c cc c
   c  c  c  c c c  c  c
c   c "c  c c
c >c
 #c c   c c
c    c 
c   c c 2c c c c
c
 
 c cc"
 c"c c
c c 
c c c  c c
c  c  
c c 
c  c c
c  c c
 c    c  
c c c c
c  cfunción, dimensión. tendencia y
principioc
c 
c cc    c !c
 c c " cc
cc
c
c  c 
c   c 
c c  c
c c  c 
c 
c
   c 
c ccc 
c  c
c 
c cc &ccc
c
 c  cc c
c c  cc.cc c c  cc c
c  c  c "c   
 c c c c 
#  c c  c c
c  c
c
 &c c c
c   c 
c  c c
c c 
#  c  c 
c    c
 cc
c c
cc   c 
c 
cc c cccc cc

c c
c
*c Análisis esencial del objeto de estudio
c c    c
cc*
c +ccc c!  c    c
c  c c
c  c  c  c   c c    c c c c c
c
!
 c 
c  c  c 
c "
 c c
c  c c c  c c
c
  c  &c c c c  c
c    c c c c c c c
c  cc c
c  c cc
c

c componentec c c 
c 
c c 
c  c c c c c
c
  c 
c cccc c c
ccc
c cc
c ccc

c  
c 
c c 
c  c c c c   c c 
 c c c
c cc ccc  c c c
c c c
c
c
 &ccc"
 c
c ccc
 c
c 
 c c
c c c c c 
 c c
c c c
c  c
 cccc  c c
c"  c2c
c  c 
ccc
c c
  cc
cc c  c# cc cc
 c
'c
c 
c  
c c 
 c 
c c c  c c
c  c  
c
  c 
c  c    c   c c  c c
c c
  c c cc c c
cc c!
cc c c
c
 c
cc
 c c
cc cc

c 
 c  cc   c"c
 c c c   c c c  c c c 
c  c  c

 cc  c
c 
cc
c c
cccc
c
c
c
 c 
c
 cc
c cc c
c
c 
c c   c 
c   c
c " c 
c  c c  c

c c
c

 c ccc c
 c
cc!
c
c c
c " c c 
cc
c  c 
c  c c =c 
c   c c
c 
 c c  c  c 
c
 c
c c
c
c
ccc  c  c c
c c  c 
c ccc c
c c  c "
 c  c c c
c 
 c # c c c
c  c

c  c   c   c  c c c   c
 cc
c"  c c
c c  c
c c c  cc
c
cc!
c
c  c 
c
&cc cccc!
ccc c 
 c cc   cc c
c
 c 
cc"  c  c c c

c Bc
$cc
cc= c
c!  c c 
c c
c c cc cc
. c c c  c
c  c c 
 c c c  c  
c c c 
c
c
  c c c
 c cc c
c  c 
c 
c c c c
 
c
c
c
c  cc
c# ccc
c 
 c
c cc cc#c c
c
 cc c 
cc
   ccc
cc c
c  c 
c cc
c
$ "c  c c
c "  c 
c c

c c
c 
 c c c
c 
 c
c  c 
cc c cc cc  ccc
cc
 
 c 
#  c c c  c c  c c  c   c c  c " c
 c c 
c  c c c 
c 
#  c c   c c

cc" c  cc4c
c = c *
" +c
c 
 c c
c c c
c  
 c c
c  c
 
" cc c cc  c cc
c ccc cc
c c c "c c c  c  c
c  
 c c c  c
cc ccc0 "  cc  cc 
c
c c cc c
"c !c c c c  c c "c
c  
 c 
c  c c 
c
 cc
c c c
c
c c
c0 "  cc
cc
c c  c c
 c c c  c  c c
c  
 c 
#  c c c c
c
  cc$c
ccc!
c
c c 
c  cc
c
 c
c
c cc cc
c  c
c  cc
cc 

cc 
c c c
c c 
ccc
c  
c 
#  c c

c c c c   c c  c c 


 c c c
cccc
c 2cc  cc   cc  cc

 c c  &c c
c c c 
c c #c c c  c c c

c 
cc"c " cc
cc c cc  c
c" c
cc c
c
c c
c  c
cc
$c  c c 
c  c
c c  
c c
c
c
 
c c 
 c
c c c
c ' c  c c c 
c c
c cc
c c  c
c 
c 
c c 
cc 
c c c
c c

c c
c  c c  c  &c c
c  c c
c c 
 c
c 
 c c
c
c c 
c  c c  c c c c  #c c
 c
$c c cccc
c   c c  cc c
c c c
c
 c  cc
c c c c c cc
cproblemaccc   c
c
c   c  c c 
c  c c c c
c   c  c c
c
c   c c c c
c " c c
c  c c   c 
c


c c
c c    c c
c 
 c  1#  c c
c  c
c c
c    c c c   c c c
c c c c 

c  c  c c


cc 
c

c
ccc  c cc " c cccc  c
cc

&cc
cc! c c c
c c c
c   cc
ccc cc
c
 c 
c
cc cc
c ccEl problema (por qué), es la situación
que manifiesta un objeto (parte de la realidad objetiva) y que genera una necesidad en un
sujeto que se relaciona con dicha situación.
c
c "  c  
c 
c c  2c c
c 
 c   c c 

c c c
  c objetoc  c c 
c  c c c c c   c
 cc
c cc'c
c c  1   c
c
 ccc

c Cc
c
c  c c
c c c
cccc

c cc c  c


c cc
c c c 
c  c  1   c c c  c c c  c

c ccccEl objeto es proceso y es formación del hombre.c



cobjetivoc 
c c c*c#+c   c c 
c  cc
c
   c c c c
c   c c   c  c c   c
  c  c c   c c  c c c !c  
c c c # c
 cc$cc
c c 
cc
c ccc#cc  c
c   cc
 c
c   c cccc   cc
c  c
c ccc c

cc
c c  1   cc
c
c c c
c   c cc
c c c  
c c
c c  c c 
c
c 
c   c
 
c c 

c c c c 
c 

c c c  &c c c c   c


 c  c c c c
c c 
c 

c 

c 
c  c  
c c
c  c c  c c   c c 
c c   c c
c
   c 
c 

c 
ccc c cc c   c
'c 
c c  c 
c  c c c c  c 
 c c
 
 c c  c
c"  c
 c 
c c
c   c ccc 
c
c cc  c cc c

cc c c 


  ccc
c

c 
c
contenidoc 
c  c c
c %c 
c  c  1   c c
c  c
*#+cc
c c 
cc  cc   
ccccccc 
c
  c 
c  c  c 
c 
c  c c 
c 

c 
c  c c
c
 cc
c c c 
c c
c  c c c c c  c c   c   c $c
c   c c
  c 
c  c  1   c c
c  c métodoc * +c c c 
c
 c c 
c  c c
c # c c 
c  c c 
c  c 
c c "c
  cc
cc c c*cc cc
 +cc
c c c

c   cc
c ccc c
cc
c cc c

c  c  1   c c  c c c c 
c  &c c
  c c 
c  c c  
c c 
c  c c 
c 
c 2c c
 cc
c
c c
ccccc   c
c c c   c

cc
c# c c%cccc
c c 
c c  
 c
c
c  c   c 
c  c c  c formac c %c *  c c
" +&ccc!c c

c c  1   cc 

c c c c
cc cc
c
 c
c  c
c  c c
 c 
c  c  c  c
c 
c c
  medioc c %c c
c  c * c #+c c 

c c c c



 cc
cccc
ccc# c cc
c cc

c! c!c 
c# c

c resultadoc c 
c c 
c  c c !c
c  c c c

c 
c c 
c  
&c c 
c   c c c  c 
c  c c c  c
c
<c  c c c c  c 
c "
 c 
c  c  1   c


 ccc
c"c cc c c cc
c
c
c
c 
c  c 
c  c 
c # c
c c 
c  c c 
c 
 c c c
ccc  cc c 
c c
c
L$c#cc c
c  c 
c Mc

c 6c
 leyescc
c
 c c " c
c
 ccc
 cc
c
c 
c  c
c c  c c  c c  c
c c
 c
c c 
c cc0c
c c c
c"  cc c
c
! c c

cc c  c
c
c c
c c  c
c 
cc
cprimera ley del procesoc
 c
c 
cc
c cc
c c 
ccc

c  c
c 
 c c 
c 
c c 
c  c c c 

c c 
c cc
c
 cc
cc
 cc
c cc  cc
c c c

c  c c c 
c c  c
c   c c
c    c *
c 
 c 
c

+cc
c   cc cc
cccc   c
c  c
c 
 c 
c  c c 
c  c c   
c
c    c  
c 
c

&c c c
c c c  c 
c c
c  c 
c c c 
c  c 
c
 cc c 
cc c
c 
#  c   c
c  ccccc
c
c c
c cc
c  c
c


c 
c  c  c
c  c 
c c c  
c
c  c

c c

c
c c! c # c 
cc 
c &cc c
c c c
  c  
c c c  c c c c c
c  c c
c
!cc
 # &cc c
c cc 
ccc
cc#c 
c 

c 
c
 c
.c c  c  c 
c 
c c
c   c  
c 
c  c 
c &c c 
c
 cc
c  c 
c 
c c 
ccc
c cc
c cccc
c c
cc 
c c  
c
c 
cc
c  c c c 
cc
/#c c 
c
c c   c 
 c  c c
c
c c

c
 ccc

c 
 cc c cc c

cc cc
 c c c
c c
c &c c c c c c  c c c
c c c
c
 cc

cc 
cc 
#  c
 segunda ley del procesoc
 c c
c c 
c ccc

c cc
c  c c
c# cc c
c  c
c " c 
c ccc
 c  c c c 

c 
c  c *
c # +c   c c c c
 cc
c
c c

c c  c
cc 
 cc   c c
 &cc cc
c
 c
c
c
c  c
c 

&cc
c c  c  c c c
 c  c 
c # c c 
c 
c  c  
c   c
c    c  
c
 c
c c

c  c c 
c  c 
c  c
c c 
c # c 
c  c
c   c c
c
 c 
c  c c 
c # c c ! c 
c  c 
c c c  c c
  cc
cc
c&ccccccc  cc
cccc  &cc

c  c c  &c c 
c  c c "
 c c c 
c  &c c 
c
 c cc c
c
c
c
<cc  
 c c c
c!
 cccccc c
c
 c c  cc c cc
c
 c cc ccc

 c "c c 
c
c    c c
c cc
c
cc
 c
c  c
c 

c c
c ccc
cc
c
 cc
c
c 
c ccc#cc
c cc!
c 
c
cc#cc

c 8c
c cc c   c c cc$c c 
c c c
c
 cc
 c c
c c 
cc c cc c cc   cccc
"c c 
c  c  c c 'c c c c  c c  c 
c c c  c c
c
 c  
c c 
c  c 
c 
c 
c   c 
c c c  c c
c

 c  " c *c #

+c  c
c 
c c c c   c c c  c
!
c
c cc
c  c 
c c
. c c 
c c 
c  c  c c c
c 
 c c c

 c   c 
c c c c
c c  c
c
c c  c 
c
 c 
c  c c c 
 c c
c c 
c  c  
c
 " c c 
c 
#  c c c c c   c  c c 
 c c
c
c c c
c "  c c  c
c c c
c "  c "c 
  c
c c c c 
c 
#  c 
c 
c c
c 
 c c
c
  cc
c cc
c c
.c c c c c 
c  c    c 
c c c 
 c c 
c c c
c  c c
c 
 c c 
c  c c c
c c "c  
c c c
   c c 0c 
c  c 
c   c 
c  c c
c   c  # c 
c
 c
c  cc c c cc
c cc
c c* c
 +c  c

cc c c cc cc   cc "ccc! c # c c
c

 c c
c  ccccccc! c
 cc c  c
c
c # cc
c
 cc
cc
c  c 
#  cc#c 
c# cc
c 
c c c 
c
c  c c   c c 
c 
c c c
c
  c  c c
c c 
c c
c
c
c c 
c c c  c c
c   c c
c 
 c c
c c
c

 c* +c c
cc c
c"  c c
c 
 c c
c   c c
c c
c c
c cc cc
c  c 
#  c 
cc
c
*c Explicación esencial del proceso en su desarrollo
$ c 
c "
 c  
c 
c  c c  c c  c c
c  c
cc
 cc
ccc!
c
c ccc 

c   c
c

ccccel eslabón.

c cc 
 cc
c c c
c c  c c c
c
 c 
cc  cc
cc c
ccc
c!  c 1  
c
cc
 &ccc c
c"
 c 
c c
c cc
c
c 
c c
c
c
c
'c

cc c   c


c c c
 ccc 

cc cc c


c
cc "cc 
c  c
cc c  ccc  cc#c c

c 
c c c c
c # c c !c c
c  
c c c c c  c c
c

cc
c
c  c1 cc
c c 
c

c 

c 
c  c c

c c c c c   c c c c 


c c
c
eslabóncc
cc 
c ccc   cc
c c c c   c
c

c c c
c c c c 
c  c  c c  c c 
c 
c  c
 cc
c c c
c   cc
c  &cc c
c c c cc

c ,Gc

c &cc c
c  cc
c &ccc 
c
c 

c
 c

c cc
c
rodo proceso consciente posee tres eslabones fundamentalescc c 
c c
c
c
 ccdiseña.cc c c
cc
 c
c
c 
cc! ccc
"c c c c   c c  
c c c c
c  
c c c c
c
c"c ccc cccc 

c 
cc  cc

c
 c c c
ccc
 c cc c
c c
c   c c#c
 c  c
c  c 
c   c 
c  c 
c  
c  c c 
c c

c
c
cc c  c
c
 c
c
cc c
  # c
   c

c cc ccc
  cccc ccc  c 
c   c

ccc c
c
c
c
c ccc c   c
c c

c
c  cc
c %cc   c cc"
 c

c  c 
c c
c ejecuciónc 
c  c % c c 
 c 
c  c c
 c
c cc
cc c
c
 ccc
 cc c c c

c  c
c# cc "c c c c c

c  c 
c 
c  c c
c evaluaciónc 
c  c c c

c c c 
c

 c
c
 cc
c
 c c c 
c c c
cc c

c c
c

c 

c 
c c cc
cc
c %c
c  cc
c
 c 
c
 ccF cc c cc c
c cc
cc  c
 c   c c
c  
  c c c 
c c c 
c %c
c
 
cc
c  &ccc
c  c
c# &ccc
c
 c
c
 &ccc
c
cc
c cc
c c cc  cc c

c
c
Nc La administración del procesoc
'cc
c cc 

c   c c cc    c


c  c c c 
 c 
c 
 c  c   c c 
c  c c c c
 cc
c
F c  c c c     c c   c c
c  c  c c
c  c     c *
  c  c 
c c 
+c c c c c

 c c 
 c c   c cc
c cc c! 
 cc-c c
 c
c c c
c    c c
c
c 
c ccc c
c 
 ccc  cc
c c cc 

&cc
c
cc
 ccc ccc cc ccc c
c cc
c
c c c
c    c"ccc cc  cc c
c
&cc
c c 
c 
c 
c %c  c  c
c 
   c c   c c c c
 cccc
c  cc
c c 
cc c
c
c c  cc
c
 c     c c 
 c c
c "c c  #c c 
c c c

  &c c c c 2
 c c
c 
 c  c 
c 
c c "c c
c

   cc  c c cc
c c 
c cc c #c"c
c

 c c
cc  c c c
c  c c 
c c c  c  
 c c  c  c  c
c  c c
cc
c c c c cc  c #c

 c
 
 c*  
c   c  c

c +ccccc ccc
 c c 
c     c c  c c 
c  c c   c
  c c  c
c 
 cc
c    ccFc

c c
c ,7c
c c  c  c  
c 
 c c c c 
c c c     c c
  cc 
  c
$c c c  c c
c c c c  c c c c   c

#  c c c
c  1  c c  c
c     c   c c  
c

c cc
c cc
c c
c c c
c
c
F .-//H).$cccccccccccccccc$05)-)F:$F)4$c
c
c
/.)/1<5$-)F$c
c
c
cc
c"
 c 
 c c
cc!  c
c
 c c
c c
  c 
#  c 
 1c 1"  c  1 c  1
 c  1  c 1
c  1
c
ccc
c
c#c 
c c
c
ccc 
 c
 c
$!  c 1  
c
cc c &c
"
 c 
c 
c &c
!
 c 
c 
c ccc 

c
c
c
c    c  
 c c 
c 
c c c  c
 
 c c c  
 c c
c    c 
#  c 
c 

c 
c
 &c c
c c  c c
c c    c  
c c   c 
c "
 c

 c 
ccc
c cc c   c " c 
c c
c 
c c
c c c
c ' c . c c  c c
c 
c c 
c
 c c c   c c
c c 
c %c  
c c */#c c
c
 c c
 c
cccccc  c cc   cc 
 +c
c c c c c c ! c c
c 
c c  c   c
c
c c

  c c   c c
c  c c  c  
c c c  c
 c c 
c   c c c  c c  c c 
c
c   cc 
 cc
c 
c 
c c  
cccc
c
c
c
c  c c
c  c c c
c c
c c c c
c   c
" c

c , c
c c c
c
cc c c
cc c
c c  c c
 c
c    c 
c c c c 
c
c    c c
c  c  c c c c  c  c
  c   c c
cc
cc c   cc
c c
 
c c c  
c c
c   c  c c c  c  c c
 cc
c  1   c
c  
ccc
c
2.2 El currículo: su objeto
c

c ,,c
F c c c
c  c  c  c c 
c  c 
c c c
c c c
c c c
c c c
c  c  c c c  c c
   c 
c c  c c  c 
 c c c c  
c 
c  c
 
cc   cc cc c cc$c c c definiciónc
El diseño curricular es el proceso que mediatiza el mundo de la vida con el mundo de la
escuela y que precisa el resultado o currículo que se espera alcanzar en la formación del
escolarcc c  ccc# c cc c c  c
c %c
 
c  c"c# cc
c ccc " &ccc
c  
ccc
 ccc
 c #c %c  
cc
ccc!
c c c

c  
c  c
c   c 
c 
c c  1   &cc
c c
 c
c 
cc
c 
c
c c cc c
c' &ccc
c ! c  
c c
c 
 c  
c c 
c "  c c

c c 
c
 c
c 
 c c    c 
c  c
c   cc

cc c
c

c c c  c c c c c 
c  c  1   c  
c
c
 c 
c 
c

c  
c c c   c c 
c  c  1 

c c c    c c 
c
 c c cc   c  cc c
ccc c c
c 
c c

c c
c  
c c 
c  c 
c c 
c  c c
c  
&c c c #
c c  c c

  c c
 cc
c c
ccc
cc c
c   cc
c cc

cc
c  cc
c   cc
cc  cc
cc  c

c c c
c  c   cc  c
c  
cc c c
c!  c

c c c 
c  c c c 
c c c !  c   c c  c
 c c

c 
c c 
   c  c c
c  c c
c   c c
 c
c  
cc  c
0 c   c 
 c c  
c !
 c c
c  c  c  1
   c c  
c c c c   c
c ' c
c 0 "  c c 
c 0 %c
. 
c c c 
 c 
#  c c
c   c
c "  c c
c  
c c

 cc c cc c c
c c &cc
c c c 
&cc 
c
 ccc  &ccc
c ccc %cc cc c 
c c
c

c c c
c ccc cc 

cc
c 
cc#c c
c "  ccc

cc#c 
c  
c
. cc c

cc

cc cc
cc c
c
c c
c c  c
cc
c "  c  c# cc
c# c
c  
cc
c  cc
c  c
c 
c  c c
c # c c ! c  
c 
c  c  c 
c 
c
 cc  &cc
c  c c

c c c
c 
c  cc
c
 c
cc

c
c c  &cc
c c c c c
c  c
 
cccc
c 
cc#c 
c c  ccc  
c cc
c
c

c 

c c
c 
 c c
c  
c c "  c c c "  c  c c
  c c
c    c  
c c  
c c   c
c   c c
c "c

c c
c"c  c
c
 c ccc ccc 
#  c
. c 
c c c
c 0 "  c c c  c c c c 
  c c c
  c  c  1   c  c c c
c  c c c

c c#c c c cc 
 c  cc c c %cc
c  c
ccc c c
c ccc
c  
c
c
c c 
c"cc
c c c ccc. c cc
c ccc

ccc 
cc#c 
c  
c
 c cc c
c c * 
+c
c c c  
c   c  c c
c c c c

c ,3c
 c c
c  c eficazc c
c  c "  c "c c c    c c c c
"c efecientec c $c  c 
c  
c c 
c "  c c c  c   c

 c 
c  c 
c  c c
c  
c c 
c  c 
c  c c
c  c c

cc   cc c
cc
c c 
cc
c  cefectivoc

c  
c c  c  c c c   c    c c c c
 cc # cc c c
c   c c
c ccc
cc 
c 

c
 
c 

c  c c#  c c
c   cc
c 
cc   &cc 

 c

c  cfuncionescc  c  c cc c


c   c c  c c  c c c
c 
c c 
 c
c
c c

cccc cc
c c  1   ccc  ccc
c
  c 
 c c
c   c
c c c
c 
c
c   c 
c
c   c
c cc
c  c c c
c

c c c c  c  
 c  c %c c 
c   c c
c
 c 
c 
c cc cc  c 
c c  c

c c "  c
c c
 c
c  c cc 
c c c 
cc 
cc
c 

c "  c
c c c

cc"c
c c c
c cc
  c c
c 
c c cc
 c
c' c

c  c c   c c c 
c  
c 
c
c 
 c c
c
 cc c c ccc
c c cc
c 
c
c 
 c  
1 c c  c 
c  c c  
c 
c  c c %c
 
c   c c c c  c c  c  c  dimensionesc c 
c
 c

cc 
cc  c"cc
c
c 
cc
c c
c
c &cc
c c ccc 

cc
c c c
c 
&ccc
c c
 c
c 
ccc
c 
c
c c c   c c c  c !  c #c c 
c  
c c
 c c %c  
c c  c c c  c c 'c c c
 cc   c  cc cc  c
c
2.3 El proceso profesional
c
'c
c %c 
c c c c 
c c   c 
c 
c  c

c 
 c c  c c  c c c 
c 
c  c c c 
c  c
 
c c
c  c  
c c 
c c 

c 
c  c c c   c c
  c 
ccc c
c
 c c
c
ccccccc
c
 
c

c  c  
c c 
 c  c  c c 

c c
c c
c
cccc cprimera ley del proceso profesionalc  
c 
c c 
c
c
c cc c 
cc
c c
c
 cc
cc c
c

cc c c
c  cc
 problemas profesionalesc c c 

c c c c c


c     c 
c
 
&cc  cc
c   cc c
c   ccc c c
c  c

c 
cc  
ccc  c ccc
c   cc
cc
 c    c 
 c c
cc
c cc c
c   ccc
 c
c    c c c 
c  c c   c c c   c c
   cc   ccc c
c cccc  cc
c
c ,>c

c objeto de la profesiónc c
c ! c  c 
c  c c 

c 
c
 
c c c  c  c # c !c c  c c   c
c

c c c  c esferas de actuación&c c c c  
c c c "c
c
c
c c  c 
c  c c c  c c c  c
campos de acciónc

c  c c
c  c c c c
c  c  #c
c  c
  c
  c c
c 
 c c c
c 
 c  c c
c c  c
c  c 
c
 
c
c 
c

c c objeto de trabajoc c 


c c c c c 

c *
c
 
+c ccmodo de actuaciónc  c
c c  c c c c c  c c   c c c  c c
c c   c c   c 
c c c
c  c c c  c c
c 
c %c  
c

c objetivoc c
c c c 
c c 
c  c  
c c   c
c
   c c 
c 
c 
c c 
c
c    c 
c c c c c
 ccc 
cc# c c cc#ccc  c
ccccc
c
c
c ccc
c
c
c
cc  cc
cc c
c cc cc
 ccc
 c 
c c
c 
#  c
cc 
cccc cc  cc c


cc c
 c! c c"c 
  c c
cc cc
cc
cc cc   cc c
 ccc
cc  cc
cc c
c
 c  c
cc   c
c cccc
c c
c 
c c 
c
cc

 c
c !c c 
c  c c c c 
c  c
c 
 c c 
c
 c
c  c 
c ccc# c
c
4cc
cc  c
c!
 c

c  cccc
c
c
ccccc
cc
c
c cc c c  c c

c"
 c cc c c   c
cc cccc
c  c
 c c 
 ccc c
c c  cc  c
c# c
c  c cc c c  cc
cc"cc
c

 c  #  c
c     c
c  c
c 
 c c
c
  ccc

c c!c c c
c c cc cccc
c
c 

cc c c  c c cc c


c c c c 
cc 
c 
ccc
c
c
c  c  c

c  c c c
c    c
c     c   c
c    c c
c
  ccc 
c "c
c
 c c* 
+ccc  ccc
 c c c
c c c   c c
c  c  c c   c   c c
c
c
c
c  c c%c  c
c  c" c c  c
 c
c  c c # c c  c c
c  c   
c c
c c
c c "c c
c  c  c c !
 c c c c c
  c  c
c c 
c c 
c  
c c c c c c 
c  c c   c
 c c c 
c c c c 
c  c c   c 
c c c c c 
c
 c c  c

c ,Bc
5ccc
cccc
c
c
c
' c c c
c c c  c c c c c c
 c c   c  c   c
$c  c c  c c   c 
c 
c
  c 
 c    c  c
 c cc c  c
0 c  c  c   c  c  c c
 c c 

c c "  c  


c
 
c  c  
c
 c 
c
 c
5# c  c c c .
 c c  c '  c

 1 
c c   
 c c    c
  c   c c  c   c
c c   
c c
  
c
c
c
2.4 El proceso de formación del profesional
c
'c  c c   c
c  c  c c  c 
c  
c c
c c
c 
cc!cc c 
c %c  
c
c c c 
c  c  c c c c 

c  c


c  c 
c
 
cc c cc 

c c cccc 


ccc c c
cc
c c 
c c  c c
c   cc   c

cproblemac cc cc  c c

c
c 
ccc
 ccccc

c
ccc
cc   ccc c

c c cc
 c 
cc
c c 
c c

c  c c 
c  c  
c c c  c  c c c c c
 c c
c 
c "c 
c c  c c
c    c c
c c c
  c c
c   c   cc 

c cc c   c
c  c  c c  c c   c 
 c c
c  
 c c
c
  c c
c  c c
c 
 c c c c
c  &c c c


 cc cc
c c c 
 c 
cccc
c
 ccc 
cc
c
c 
&cccc   c
c c c   c
c  c c  c   c c c c
 c cc
 c

objetocc
c c c c 
c 
ccc 

ccc

c 
 c c
c  c *c c c c c  +c c c 
c  c c
  c
c   c c
c c cc c c c 
c
c cc
 cc  cc   c 

 cc   ccc
c

c

c 
c c 
cccc  cc
cc
 c
c c
  cc
c   c c
c cccccc c c c
 c
c
c ,Cc
2.5 La cultura
c
c 
c c  c
c c 
c c c c 
 c c c
c    c c
 c c
c
c c
c" c c  cc   &ccc
c c
c cc
 cc
c   c c c   c
c 
c c c    c c c c c c 
c c   c c
 cccc  ccc  c
 cc
cc c
c
c c c
c 
c  c c c c c c c
c cc
cc
  cc
cc c cc  c 
c c  
c
c
2.6 Teoría del diseño curricular
c
'c c
c c 
c %c  
c c  c   c c 
c    c c
c*c  +cc!
cc  c*c ,c 3cc >+c c #cc

 c"c 
cc
c
c c
c c 
 c c
c c
c c 
 c c  cc
 c c
c  c c
c 
 c c 
c  c c 
c  c  
&c c c
c  c c
c

 c cc
c c 
c c
<c  c
c c 
c c
c c c  c 
c 
c c
c
c
c 
c %c  
cc  cc
c!ccc
 cc
c cc
c
c 
cc
c cc
cc
c c
 c c c 
c  c 
c  c  
&c c c c
c 
c
c 
c  c  
c c 
c  
c 
c  
c * +c
c  
c
*  +cc
c 
cc  ccc 
cccc
c   cc cc
c
c
c c
cc 
c %c  
c

Primera ley del diseño curricular



c  c c
c     c   c 
c  c c  c c
c    c
c c  c
c
cc
 c
c!cc
c
c 
c  c
cc cc
c c 
c c
c c cc 
cc 
cc
c 
c
 
cc c
ccc   c cc"c
&cc ccc   cc
cc c

c  cc
c c  c 
c"
 c c
c"  c 
cc   c
0 c
c c c 
c 
c   c  cc
c  
cc
c 
c 
c c

cc  c c c cc   c ccc


c   cc  c

c!  c cc c c 


cc cccc c c
c
 
c ! c c
c 
 c  
&c c c  c c 
c   c
   c 
cc
c 
c c cc c
cc  c
c
!  c cc   c c c c c cc0 c cc "c
c 
 c cc
 cc   c  c  cccc

c   c


c 
 c c c
c !c
c 
 c 
#  c c
c 
c
 
cc
c c 
ccc
 c cc  c 
#  cc
cc
#c c c  c c c 
c  c  
&c c c c 
 cuáles de los
problemas profesionales son los que se escogen para que su solución sea objeto de
aprendizaje, en tanto son ellos los que mejor se adecuan al logro de los objetivos docentesc

c ,6c
programadoscc
c
c 
cc  cc
c  cc
c c
c  cccc cc
 cc  c  cc
c c 
cc
 
&ccc
 cc
c c c %c  
cc
c c c
c
 c
c c
cc

cc cc
c c cc  1   cccc
  cc
c 
c c c

cc
c
c  c cc 
c
 
c c  c
c c
c 
cc
c 
&cc cc
c
 c c  c c 
c  c c c 
c   c  c 
c
 c cc
 c c
c c 
c c

c 
c  c 
c  c 
c c c 
c c  
&c c 
c  c c c

 cc  ccc  cc
ccc
c c 
c 
c

c cc
c c 
cc
c
 c 
c
c 
&cc
c cc

c  c  c c
c  c 
c 
c c 
c  c c
c 
 c 
c

c 
ccc
cc  c
c  
c c ccc  cc
c
  c c
c    c c
c  
c c 'c 
c c   c c c 
c
 
c c c 
c  c  
c 
c  c  
c c 

c c 
c
 c c c c  
c c c c
c   c c c 
c  &cc
 c c c
c c
 c
c c  ccc cc 
 c

c  c cc



c cc
c c c ccc c c   cc
c   c c 
 c c  
c c 

c c  c


 
cc c
 cc
c c  
c
0c
c
c! cc
c  c 
c L "
cc  Mcc cc
c
cc
c c
c
 c  c cc
c 
c c  
c
/#c c 
c c c c c c 
c  c  
c c 
c c c
c
 cc
c cc c 
cc  c 
c c  
cc
c 
c
c
 c 
cc c c cc c cc c

c" ccc   ccc
 c
c 
c 
#  cccc
c 
c %c  
c c c  c c
c  c
c 
c %c
 
c
c
c
'
c 
ccccccccccccccccc 
cc
c 
c 
c
c
c
' c  
c
c
c    c c  c cc  cc
cc c
c   c 
c 
c

c 
cc c 
c c   c cc 
c c
c c 
c
"c cc
ic c
c 
c  &c
ic 
cc c
c c cc cccc ccc c c
  &c
ic
c c 
c cc   c c 

 cc   c


c
c c 
 c c 
c  c  
c c  c c c c  c    c
 
c c  
c  
c c  c   c c  c c
c  c  
c c
c
 cc c c
c %c c
c cc0c c
c  c 
c %c
 
c "c 
c 
c c  c 
c  
c 
c c  c c &c c c c
c ,8c
 cc %c
c   c"c c 
c c  1   cc
 
c c cc
c
c c c c c
c  c c c  c c
"c 
 cccc cc c   c 
c! c  c
 c
c   c
cc %c
. c c c
c   c c  c c c
c c 
c  c
 1   c c 
c c  c  c # c c  c c

 &cc cc
c
cc c
c  c
c  c cc cc
c  cc %c c
c c c cc c
c
La segunda ley del diseño curricular
c  c
c 
c %c  
c 
 c
c 
 c c c
c
  c 
c c  
ccc
c 
c 
c 
cc
c c c
c
c cc cc c c c
c 
cc  ccc 
cc
cc  c  c
c   c c

c  c c


c  ccc

c c   c c c c c  c c
c c  c
 c c
c c *  
c "c  c 
c +c c * c
 
c +c 
c
c c ccc!  ccc cc  
cc cc

c
c c cc   c ccc  c! c c
ccc
c


c 
c  c  
c c c  c c c  c c c c
  &c c c  c c c c 
c c 
c  
c  c c   c
 ccc
c cc c cc
c c  ccc c cc
 
c
$ c  c c c c c c   c

c   c c c
c c  c* c 
+ccc c
c 
c cc
c   c
c
c 
 c c
c 
c  
&c c
c  c
c  c c
c    c c
c
 c 
c 
cc cc c c cc"c
c  c c
c
 c * c
c 
+c c  c c
c  c c   c  c c

c  &cc c  cc cccc cc
c c
   cc 

 cc
cc
c c c c 
c
/#cccc
c
c  cc
 cc
c c # cc

 cc
c 
cc
c 
c 
cc
cc c
 cc   cc

c c c c


c &cc
c c cc c c  ccc
c 
c c
c  c c
c 
c c c 
c c c c  c   c
c
 c c 
c  c c c c
c  c c   c
c  
c
 cc
c
c cc cc
c 
cc
c 
c 
c

c   c " c c
c 
 c 
#  c c c c c 
c
 c  
ccc!cc c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
5 
c 
c 
ccccccccccccccccc c c
c c
c 3Gc
c
c

c
c
c
:  
cc c
c c
c 
#  cc   c 
c

c %c  
c c  primerac  c 
c  
c c 
c  c  
c c 
c
 c c  c
c c c   c  c 
c  c  
c *c 
c
 
c c  +c 
c c c  c 
c  c c  
c c &c c
c
segundac 
 c
c 
 c c 
c  c  
c c 
c  
c 
c
 
c c
c  c c 
c 
c c  c
c c c 
c c #c c
c

cc c
c   c
.c c  c c  c
c  
c c c c  c
c cc
 
c  c c c "c c c c
c c c  c  c c  c c
c
 c
c c  c 
c c c  
c c c c  c
c &c c c 
c
c c
c 
c  c
c c c c c
c  
ccc


c  c#c  cc#c  c ccc


c
c c c
c  
c" cc

cc
c  ccc c
c 
cc cc
c c c c 
c  c  c c c
 c  
c c 
"c c
c  c
c c  c cc$ccc
ccc

c   c c   c 
c c
 1   ccccc  c
cc
c c
c  ccc c
c "c c 
c c  c
0c 
c  c c c  c c c 
c %c  
c c c c
  c
cc
c c
c  c
c cc
c
 cc


c c
c c $c  c c  c c  
 c  c c  c   c
c

  c c c   c c 
c  
c c  c c 'c 
c ! c

c
c c

c 37c
c
CAPITULO 3
c
c
c
REGULARIDADES EN EL PROCESO DE DISEÑO
CURRICULAR
c
c
c
$c c c
cc c!ccc 
c c
c c
c
 cc
 c c c
c c 
c %c  
c c  c c 
  c c
cc!
ccc"ccc c c
c
3.1 Estructura de carreras
c  c 
  c c c  c   c "c   
 c c
c  c c
c
c   c    c c 

c c c   c c c  c
 c c   c c
c   c  c  c
c  c 
cc
c
c c c
c c
c 
c  c  
c c   c
c !c
* 
c   c c c 
c  
c c !  c c  +c 
 c
  c c c
c  c c  c 
c  c c c c %c c c
c
 cc
 c 
c
c  c
Dcc    c c cc  c* c c
+cc

ccc   cc c c c   c 


c
c c c ccestructura de carrerasccc   cc   c c
c
  c c !c c c  c
c   c c
  c  c c 
 c  c c
c c  c
c 
c c
c c  
c c -c   c !  "c c c 
 c  
c

#  cc   c  ccc c
'c 
c 
c  c  c c  c c  
c c  c c
c
 c
c  c c c c  c c c c c c
 
c c /c  c c "
c c c  c  c c c
  cccccc cc
c  cc: cc0&cc
c c
c c  
c  c  c c c c    c c c  
 c c
 c2c
c  ccc   ccc   c  cc cc

c
c  cc
c  c cc   c c c
c c
c c   c c
c 
 c c !c c
c    c  
c c c
c  c  cc c# c c 

c  c c
cc   cc
  cc  c c
c 
c cc cc c
c # c c  c    c c  
c    c 
c perfil se estrecha&cc
c
c  c  c
c   cc"c
cc
c 

c  cc  c



c 
c   c c c "c 
c c 
c  c c  
c
c " c c
c     c
 
ccc
c#  c  cc   c 
 c

c 3 c
c c
c  c 
  c   c c
c
c c
c c  
c c
 c
 c
c c c ccc   c   cccc c
&cc   c cc  cc #c
c cc
 c 
c
c c
c
c c  c c c 
 c  c c c "c c "c  c 
c 
c c
 c
c
3.2 Estructura de la carrera
c  c 
  c c c  c  c c
c   c 
c  c c
%c  
cccc c  c c
c
cc
c  ccc ccc
c
c  c *  c c 
c 
c c  c
c   c  
c c
c
+cc cc c c c 
c c c   c c  c
c c  
c "c 
c c c  c c  c
c    c
 
c c c
c c cc cc  cc  c  # c c
 c c c c   c
 c c   c c 
 c c c
c
 c 
c ccccccc
c
c c
c cc
c

c
c cccc   c
 cccc
c cc   c  c
#c c c c c c  c c
 c c  c c $c c 
c
c
 c c= c c c  cc  cc cc
 c  cc
c  c c  c
c c #cccc   c  cc
c
 c c
c  ccc

ccc  cc
c
 c 
c c cc  cc
c ccc
c
 c cc c
c  c c c
c c c  c 
#  c c
c  c
c c  c c c c   c 
c c 
c  
c c 
c  c c
 c
c   c c
c  c   c 
c  c #c c  c c
cc
c
c 
cc

c
c  
c
cc cc"cc ccccc c
 cc ccc
c c  c c c
c c cc
c 

ccc c ccc c


c  c c   c c
 c 
c 

c c
c
 c 
c cccc  c c c
c
c c 
c
ccc ccccc  cccc 
cc
c
c c  cccc 

c c
c c cc 
 cc
 
c
c
 c cc 
c c
c
c  
c c  c  1   c c c c  c
c c

 c c c  c 
c c  c  c # c c
* +c  c c 
 c c c
c 
 c c 

c c .c c c c c 


c
c Bc
c   c c c c c  c c
c c c
 
c c &c c c 
c c
c  c c  #c c c  c  c c
 c
c c c 
 c
c 
c c  c c
c  
&c c c c 
c
c
c 
c c 
 c  c 
c c  c
c  
c  c c c
c   cc c
cc  c c  cc c

ccc cc
c
 c  c c
c ccc
c"  ccc  c
cc
c
c cc
c 
c 
c c  c c  c c 
c
c  c  
c  
c  
c
 c #c
c  
cc
c 3,c
Nc c c 
cc
c c
c  
c
c c
c&c
Nc c c  
cc
c%cc cc
c 
c
c
c 
 c c
c  c  
c c  
c 
c 
c c  c
c
cmalla curricularc c c
c
c  c  c 
c 
c c  c c c  c c  
c c c  
c c c
  c 
ccc
cmóduloc  c"c# cc
c
cc  cc
c 
c c
c    c  c c
c 
 c  
c  c c
c  
c c c "c c
c
 c c
c  cccc c  c
c c   c
c c c c "
c c   
c c c c
c cc!
cc
c 
c cc c c 
c
cc 

c

c  cc
c cc !
#c"c 

 c
c  c c  c c  académicoc c  c c c c  c
 c c 
c  c  c c
c  c c
c  c c  c c
 c c
 c c
c  
c c c c 
c  c c  c derivadoras,c c  c
cc c
c
 c
F #cc   cc casignaturas integradoras o módulosccc 

c
c
c c c 
c 
c c 
c c 
c 
c   c  c
c c c c c
 c c
ccc
c c
cc
c 
cc c  c

c  cc
c cc
c
 c  &cc
c c   c
c c c c

c  c c
c c c  c  c c c 
 c c
c    c c 
#  c
  c cc cc-cccc
c c
c 
c %c  
cc
 c 
 c
c 
 c 
 c c
c  c
c  c *
c 
+c c
c
 cc c  ccc c  cc 
&cc c cc 
#  c
c
-ccccc
cc c
c  
cc c "c
ic
cc c cc   c c#cc&c
ic
c cc!c 
c
ccc c
ccc cc
c
 
cc c c  &c
ic 
c  c 
 c 
c  c "c 
c c  c  c c c 

c
cc c
c
c
c
! 
 c 
c
c c &c
ic 
c ccc  "cc  c  
&c
ic
c   c 
 cc!
cc c
c# c
c
cc
c cc
cc
c
c 
c 
c cc c
c

 c 
c 
c c
c c c c 
  c c   c
c  c c c  c c
cc
c c cc
cc c  c

c  
c  c
  
 c c  
c c c 
c   c c
c  c c
c
 cc
c 
c
c
 c c
ccc
c c c
c &cc
c
c c c  c 

c  
c c  c
c
 c c
c  c c
c c c
c  c c
c  c c $c  c c  
c c c 
 c
   c c
c   c c 
c c
c
c
c
c
3.3 Clasificación de las asignaturas
c 33c
c   c c
c
  c cc  c
c c
  c
cc
 c c c
c  c c
  c c   c c 
c 
c c
%cc
c c 
c 
ccc 
c c
c c 
c  c

c
c c
c  cc cc4c
c asignaturas del ejercicio de la profesiónc  c
c c c   c 
c
 
cc  cc

ccc   c c


cc c
c cc cc
 c
c c c
c c  cc 
 c c
c c c
 "c c c
c 
 c  
c c     c  c c c
 c c c 

c 
c  c  c 

c c 
 c c 
c
 
c cc  cc
c
 c c
c
c c
c c
ccc c 
c
casignaturas básicas específicasc  c
c c c c c
c cc
 cc

cc c
c
cc
c  c  c c 
 c
cc c 
c c
c ccc c c
c  c cc c
 cc
c
 c c
c  ccc 
cc  c
c asignaturas básicasc  c 

c  c c c 


c c c  c
  c c
cc c
c c c c
c ccccc  c
  
cc cc c c c 
ccc c c
c
 c c #cc
c
 c c
c  c  c
c  c c 
c  c c
c c c c
c ! c 
 c c
 # c c
c c c c
c c 
c c c
c c* 
+c
c  cc cc c  cc 
 cc cc c 
cc
 c
c c
c c" c  cc" cc
c 
#  c 
c 
c
%c  
cc"ccc
c c
c 
c %c  
c
Esa dialéctica del todo y la parte, de la profesión y sus campos de acción, expresado en
el lenguaje de la docencia, es la esencia del diseño curricular y su correspondiente
estructura.

c    c c
c c c
c"  c 
c c
 c  c
c
c cc 
" ccc c c cc!c
c c  cc
 
 c c
c  c c c  c c
 c c  c c
c c c
" c 
! 
c c c  c  c c   c c  
c 
c  c
cc  c 
c
c " c c
c
 c  1#  cc
- c %c  
c 
c c c
c  &c c  c %c  
 c

ccc
c c 
ccc
 ccc 
#  c
c c 
 c  c c c
c  
c c
c  
 c
c
 
cc
c  # c
c cc
c"  cccc  c 
#  cc

c c  c  
c c
c c c c !
c c 9c c c   c

 c c  
c c  c c c
c c c c
c   c 
c %c
 
c
'c  c c c 
c  c
c   c !
 c c c 
 c 
c

c c c*
cc c c "  +cc
c  cc  cc
ccc c cc.cc c c ccc c c
c
c c c  c !  c c  c c c 
c  c 
c   c c
c
cc c   c 
cc c
c

c 3>c
 c c c c c c  " c c $c  c c
c 
c ! c c c
c
 c c c   
c c c 
c * c  
+c c  "c
c
    c
 cc c
c  c c
cc c cc  cc
c
 c 
c 
c   cc   c
c
 c c#cc
c c
$cc
c cc ccc c"c"  cc  "c
cc c
c
 c c
c  c  
&c c  c
c c c  c c c c c
  c c  c  c # c c 
c c " c c El carácter amplio del perfil lo
garantiza, fundamentalmente, el grupo de asignaturas básicas específicas.
c
   c c
c c  c cc   c c
c

c c
c  c c
c cc   c c
c c c c c
 c
c 
c c
  c c   # c c

c   c  #c
c   
c c c   c c laboralc 
c  c c c 
c
c 
c  c c c 
 c 
c c  c c
c 
 c  &c c c c
académicoc  ccc ccc cc
 c
/#cc
c

cc
 c  c

 ccc   c c


c  c 


  c c
c 
 c c
c  c c
c  &c c  c
c
c  # cc 
c   c  ccc c
c  c c
cc

cc
$c ccc
cc
c cc  c c
c  c c 
c

c c cc   
ccc  # cc cc
c c cc
 c  
c 
c c 
c  &c c
c

c c c  c c  c
 
c c c   c c   c
c    c c
c  c c
c   c c
c 
 c
 
c
c  c c  c   # c c
c  c 
c 
c c  c
c  c
 
c c " &c c
c  c c
c

c
c  c c  
" c c 
c
c
 c   c c c  c
c    c c c 
c %c c  c
 c
c   c  c c c c  
c 
c  c c c  
c
   c c  c c 'c c c
c  c c
c   c c c  c  c
  
cc
c
 c 
c
c c c
c
c c c c
c  c c  c  c c  
c c
  
c 
c c  c
Nc $  # c
Nc

c
Nc   c
c c   c 
c %c c 

c 
c  c  1   c c
  c c
ccc ccc  c  c
c  c c  c c c  
c c 
c   # c  c
c
c c cc
c c c
c  c c  c
c  cc
c
 
c c c c 
c  c c  c   c c c  c c
c
 c" cc  c
c  c " c   c c  
c 
c c
  # c  c c  c c c c 
c c

c c  
c
c
  
 c 
c  cc c c
c c c
c
ccccc
c
    c 
c 
c

c 3Bc
F #cc  cc c c  c*  
 c 
 c+c
c c  c 
c c

c c c 

c c
c c c 
c 
c
* 
+cc
c c
c 
c  c c
ccc cc  c c
c c
c 
c
c 
c c c
c 
 c c
c     c  
c c c
 cc
cc  c 
c c c
c c

c  
cc c  c
c  cc
c cc
c
 c  c cc

c
 c
c c

&cc
c c   c
c c c c
c c
c
cc c  c  ccc

c c
c c  # ccc
 cc

c   cc 
#  c   c cc c
c c c  c c 
c  c c c 
  c
c  c c
 c 
c c c
c c" c  cc" cc   c
c
c c cc  c c c

cc  # ccc c
  ccc c cc cc   c c
c c c 
c
cccc c c c 
c %c  
c
c
3.4 La descentralización y la flexibilidad del plan de estudio

c c
  c"c
  c c
c  
 cc
c
! 
 c 
c
c
c c
 descentralizaciónc c
c    c c c 
c %c  
c   c c
cc
 
 cc c  cc c
c  c    c c  c
c %c 
c

c c  c 
 c c c   c  
 c c
c  c 
c  c
 c    c c c c c
c   c 
c  c  c c
c
 
 cc
c c    ccc  c
ccc
cc
c
c c c
c
c
c c c c  cc   c
c cc c c
c

c 
c c 
c  
c
c  c 
c 
c  c
c  c
 
 c 
c  cc c ccc 

c
c   c #c"c

c c
cc c# cc
 c 
c cc c
c c
ccc 

"c
c cc c
c  c
c
c  cc 

c  cc cc c


" 
c c " 
c
c   c c c
c c   c c
c  
c   c c  
c
  c
c
cc
c  c  c c
c c cc
c  ccc
c c
cc   cc c  cc  cc! c c 
 c 
c c  c
<c   c  c c ?!
 @c c  
c  
c c c c
 c   c c 
 c !  c c  c c  c c 
 c c
c c 
c c  c c c c c
c c 
 c c !  c
c 
 c c c c c c 
c 

c 
c    c  
c 
c
 c  1   c
c c!c c 
 cc  
 c
cccc   c
c c  c c 
c 
c  
c c   
c c c c c
c 
#  c c
c

 cc
c  
 c
.
 c
c  &c c  " c
c  c
c "  c c 0  c
c
 cc c
c
c"c
c c
c   cc c
cc
 
c "c  c c  c
c c 
c c c   c "c c
c

c #
c c )c
c "  c
c 
! 
 c c 
c 
c  c   
c

c 

c
c 3Cc
c
<c c  c c c c c 
c
c   c  
 c c  c
  c c
c  c c c  c c c c  c  
c
c
 c 

 c c c c  
c
c   c c
c  
c
  c c c  c 

c c  


c  c c c c 
c c  c  
cc
c  c c c c c  c
c 
 c 
 c c
 c c  c 
cc c
c cc cc 

 cc"c   c
c
   c c
c  c  c
c c c  c  c   c c
cc
c  c c
c  cc
 c
c c  c c
c c c
c
c c
c    c  c  cc
c c 
cc
c
c  c c  c  
c c c  c c $c  c
c c
c c c
  c c   c c 
c c c c 
c c c c c 

c
c
 c c  
c c " c c 0c  c c c  
c
c   c
   c 
c  c c
c  c   c c  c  c 
c c c
c
 
&c
c   cc 
c  c c
 c c
c " c c
c
 c c
c
 c c
c
ccccc
c   cc
c c
c     c c 
c c c 

c c
c  c  c c c
 c c c  c  
c   c 
c  c  c c 

c
 c
cc
c cccc c cc c
c c cc 
c
c  c
c  c
c  
c c  c c   "c   &c c c ? @c c 
c
 c  
&c c c   c c 
c  c  
c c c c c
c c
c  c c  c "c c c c c   c c c  c
 c 
c  
c   c   c c  c   c c  c

c
c c ccc  c c
c
c c c cc ccc
cc c

c c c   c 

c c c "  c c c c 
c c  c
 cc  c"! c c7Gc%ccc
c cc
c cc cc
cc 
 c c  cc c
c 
cc
c c c
c  c
"c     c  c c c c   c
c  c c c  " c c c
  c c
cflexibilidadcc
c   ccc
c
c c c cccc 
c c
 c c 
   c c  c  c c   c c c c c c c c

! 
 c c  c c 
c c c   c
c
 c c
c  c c c
 c c  c 
c %c  
c c  c c c !  c c c c c
  c 
c 
c 
c c c 
c 
c c  c c c 
c  c
 cc
c    c   
c 
c c
c
cc
c 
#  c c
c 
 cc
c  
 cc c
c
! 
 cc

c cc
c
 c   cc
c %c  
c
c
c
c
c
3.5 Estructura de la asignatura

c 36c
c c
  cc
cccccc 
c %c  
c  cc
c  c c c cc c c
 c #c c
c
c
c  c 
c  
c c 
c  c  
c c 
c  c c  c 
c
 
c
c  c c c  c c
c  
c c !c c   c
 c c
  c c  ccc 
c  cc
c  
c
c cc ccc

ctemacc
c  c  cc #

c 
c c  1   cccc
c 

c c  c  c c c 


c
c  c c c 
 c c
c

c

c c c  c c
c c c c  c c 
c c 
c c 
c  c
 c c 
c c c  
c
c  c c
c 
 c 
c
c 
c  cc
<
 ccccc  c c
c 
 c 
cc c
cc 
c
c

c c
c c c
c cc c  ccc
 cc  c
c c c
c
 c c
c c c c c 
 c c &c c c 
c c c c
c

 c c
cccc
c c c
c c c cc 
#  c
/#c c c   c c c c "
c c c  c  c
* 
+c cc c   ccc c c
c
c c
c
c c c    c c c 
c c c   c c  c c  
c c 
c
 ccc
c 
 cc  c
cc  c
c c 
cc
c c   c   c  c c  c 
c   c 
c c c
c
 c &cc c
c 
 cc 
c
c
c
c c
ccc
  cccc
c

cc c
c c  c
Nc c c c cc c cc 
c c
c c c
c
&cc
Nc
c  c c  c&c
Nc c   c c 
c cc&c
Nc
c
 c 
c c  ccc 
c c
c &c
Nc
c# c"c    cc
c c c
cc

c c c
cc 

cc  ccc "c   c


c c 
c cc
c

 cccc
c   cc 
ccc c
c
c

c créditoc c
c   c   c 
c c c 
c 
c c  c c
c
    cc cc c  cc
c c cc cc
c # ccc

c  c  c c c   c  
c c 
c c  c c 
 c c c
 c 
 c c  c c 
c  c  c   c c   c
    c  c c  
c
c  c c c 
 c  c c 
c c
 &c c c 

c c

c c
c 
 c c c c # c c   c c c
c
c   c c  c c  
c c c # c  c c
c  c 
c
 c c c   c c c 
 c c
c  
c 
c c  c c

c c
c  cc c cc c
.ccc  c
c 
 c"c  cccc c  cc'c

c
c

c cc # cc   c #cc
c c

cc 
cc c c
  c c
cccc
c
c
c  ccc
c

 c

c 38c
c  c  c c c 
c  c c  c 

c c c cc


 "c c c # c
'cc c c!
 ccc ccc 

c cc
c
c c
  c
c  c 
c c c c 
c  c c c  c
  c
c
c2c  c c
cc
c c
c   c c
c

 c c 'c 

c  #c  c 


c # c c c   c c c
  c c  c
c cc  

c
c  cc
c cc"c 
c
cc
c c c
c cc  cc
cc c
ccc  c
c  &c c 
c # c c   c c c  c c !c c 
c c 
c  c c

c
c
3.6 Relación ciencia-tecnología

c!c
  ccccc   c c
c
 cc
c  ccc
 c 
c
cc #cc  c c
c
c  c
c  cc
c c c   ccc  c c
 c 
c c c
  c  c   c c
c 
c
c    c c 
c  c c "c
 c   c c c 

c c c  c c c


c "  c  c
 
c c
c   c
c 
cc
c cc
c
 c c  c c
c cc
c   c
c c     c  c c  c c c  c c   c c c
  c c 
cc  
c c c c   c c

c  c c
c  c 
 c c 

c c c c c


c
 c c  c 
c c  c 
c c 
c  
c c
c  
c
 cc
c 
c
c
c
cc c
 c ccc c
c
  cc
c  c c
c  cc  c c 
cc
cc
 
c 
c 
c  c c c   c c
c  c
c c c   
c 
c
 c 
c c 
ccc 
c c
c  ccc 
cc c
c
 c c c 
c 
c
'c  c
c!
 c"
cc
c
c 
c  cc
c !  c c c c c  c  c c   c c
c
   c cc c c
c  c
c c c  c cc

c c c " c 
c c cc
c c c
c c c
c
c 
cc
c  c c   c cc   c
Kc c  cc
cc c
c cc
c c c  c c
cc cc
c  c c
c c 
c c c
c c
c c  c 
c 
c c c c
c   c  c c c 
 c c
 c c  c
c  c c   c 
c  
c c
c c
c  
c c
" c   c
c    c c
c c c
 c  
c c cc
c
c c c
c    ccc c
c c  c 
c  c c c c  c c
c 
c "c
    c ccc  c 
c 
cc
c  c  c c
c
 c   c c   c   c  c 

c c "  c

c
*c c  +ccc

c c
c 
cc
c  c
c  c c
c c c  c *" c   +c c c  c

c  cc 
c  c 
c
c
c  c  c
c   c
c
 cc c ccc

c c
c  c
c >Gc
.c c c c
c 
#  c  
c 
c %c  
c c
c c c c
c

 c 
cc
c c 
c c c
c cc
cc c
c
 c 
cc c
c cc
c" c  c
c
c
c c c cc cccc   c c
cc c
c
 c c c c   
c c c   c
c c

 c  c


" c cc
c c
c " c
c c
c  c  
c ccc-c
 c
 ccccc  c  cc 
c c #cc c 
c
cccc  c c
c c
c c
c
c
.cc
  cc c c c c c
c c c
c cc
c cc c c
c  cc cc  cc c
c c c
cc

c %c  
cc
cc
c c
c  c
c c
c
c
c c
c
  c
F c c  c 
 c c c  c
c   c  
c 
c
 
c c
c c 
c %c  
c c c 
c c c c  "c c c
 
 c c  
 c c
c !
 c  c c
c   c 
c %c
 
c *c  c c   "c 
c  c 
+c
c   c  
c c c

  c
c 
cc   ccc c
c c

c >7c
c
CAPITULO 4
c
c
c
LA EJECUCION DEL PROCESO CURRICULAR
c
c
c
$cc 
c
c  c
c c 
c c  
c cc c cc
  ccc    c"c cc  c c
ccc cc
c c

c c c  
c c c c    c  c
c  c c
 c 
c c c
 cc cc
c
c cc#c c

c  c c


c c 
  c
c c  
c c c  
c c
  c c &cc c
c!
ccc  ccc  c
cc 
ccc cc
c c cc c cc c 
c
c c
c c c c   c c c 
c  c  c  
c c  
c
!
c
c  ccc
c cc  c   cc c   c
c
c  
c c
c  c  
c c
c  c
c    c c  c
c
 ccc  c c
 c
 c c   c 
c 

c 
c  c c c  c c  c  c
c
 
c
c
 c 
c cc
c c c
c  c c c cc "c c
 c c c c c 
c eslabónc c  c c 

c c c  c 
c
 ccccc  c
c cc/#cc
c
cc c c
c
c cc
c
cc cc 
c c
c  c 
#  cc 
c 

c 
c c   c c
c
cc

c  
 c 
#  c c
c  c c c 
c c c 0 %c . 
c
c c
 ccc c ccc
c cc
cc 
c 

c 
c c
c
 c c  c
c   c 
c  c  
c c  c 
c %c c
c
 c c
c  c c c c 
c %c c
c   c  
c "c
%c 
c c  1   c
ccc
c
c
c
4.1 Primer eslabón: Diseño de la estructura de carreras
c

c  c 
c "c   
 c c
c  c c c
c c c   c c

  cc c c
c
c  c
c c c cc c c ccc   cc   c c
c
  c c!cc c  c
c!  ccc c   c
 c c 
 c  c c  c c
c    c c
c 
c
! c c
c    c c 
c  c 
c c c 
 c c 
c c c c c
  c
c    c c
c  c c 

c  


c c c c c 
c c
  c cc-c  c!  "cc   c  cc
c c
.c c c c  c c # c c 

c   c c
c c
   cc  cc  c c
c 
c cc cc c

c > c
c  c
c
c!c
c
 c
 cc &cc
c
  cc
 c c
c
c  cc c  cccc cc
 c
cc cccc
c c
cc
cc cc  c
c   c
c  c c
c 
c!  c cc cc cc
c

c
c 
c
c 
1
c  cc c cc
c!c c
c c  cccc$
c cc c cc c c 
c c
 cc
c c
c cccc cc cccc c
c
4.2 Segundo eslabón: Diseño de la carrera
c
c c 
 c c  c c c c  c    c  
c c  
c  
c c
 c  c
cc %c
c  cc
cc c
c
 c 
#  cc
c
c 
cc
c
 
c 
c  
c  c c c 
 c
c c "c 
c 
c 
c c
 ccc ccc c
c
c c

cc c
c   c c
c cc!c
c c
cc c
"  c 
c  c  c c
c c c  c # c c * c c

+c  c c 


 c c
c  c c
c c c  c c
c  c c
 
cc &cc
c# c*
c +cc
c
 c"c
cc
c%cc

c  c c  c
c &c c
c c c 
c  c 

c c !  c
 c
cc
c c 
c 
&ccc2
 c
c 
c
 c 
c
c
c cc   c c
c c 
c c
c c
< 
c c c  #c c c    c  
c
c    c
 c c
c cc c
cc c 
cc
c !c  cc c
c 
 c
c

c 
c cc c
cc 
c %c  
c 
c c
c %c
c  cc c
c 
c c   cccc c
  c
c c  1
   c c
c cc
c c
c  
c
c cc
cc
0c c
c  cccc c
c c"c
c
c c cc
c 
c
c 
c
c   c "c c 
c  c  1   c 
c  
c c
c c  c    c c . c c c
c   c c  c c c
c
c c 
c c  c  c # c c  c c 
 &cc
c cc
c
cc c
c  c
c  c cc &cccc
c

c cc 

cc c  cc %c c


c c  1   c c c
c c
c
c
c c ccc  cc c
c cc!c  
c
c#c c
c    c c
c  c cc
c
cc
ccccc
c 
c  c c  
c c c   &c c 
c c c
c  c
!
 ccc c c cc  c ccc cc c c
  c c c  c c c c   &c c
c  c 
c 
c c  c c
c
c  c 
c  c   c  
c c c  
c
 ccc
c ccc"cc  cc
cc c
c   c
c
c !c 
c
cc c
cc 
c 
cc
c c  c
c
 
c 
c 
cc
c

c >,c

c  c 
c 
c c  c c !c c 
c
 c c  
c c "c c c
 c c  
c c
c c   c c
c c c  c c c c
  ccc cc
cc 
c 
c

c
c c c c!c #c
c cccc ccc  c
c c  c !  c 
c  c c
c  c c  c  c c  
c
    cc
c  # c c
c

cc
c   cccc  cc
c cc%c

c
c c c c c #c!
 c
c c c
 c 
c c
c cc
 c    c c 
c c 
c  c   c 
c
c c
c  c 
c
c   c c c  cc 
c
c 

 cc   c
'c2
 c
 c
c# cc c"c
ccc c
cc
c


c 
c cc
c%c
. c c c c c c  c   c c   c c c
c
 c  c c
c
c c
c 
 c c c   c  c 
c %c c


c   cc   c c


c cc
c c
c c c
 #c c
c
c 
c c  1   c
c
4.3 Tercer eslabón: Diseño de la disciplina y la asignatura
c
c
cc c
c
cc
  c  c c
c #c
c %c
c
c  
cc c
c  
c c
c  c  c c 
c  c c  c c
 c
c   c 
 cc
c
  c ccc cc 
c
c ccc c cc
 cc  cc
c  
cc
c
c c
 c c
c c c c
c c c
c  
c c  c c c c c
c  c 

c   c  c c


c  c c c 
 c c 
c
  c c
c   c c  c c c c
c     c  
c c c  c
c
c 2c
cc c c
c c
.c cD#c5c?  cc  cc  c c
cc cc
c c
  cc  c c  c cc 
c c  c c
c ccc cc
c
cc 
c cc O@c*5cD+3c
<c c cc
&cc#c 
c 

c c
c  
cc
c
 c c c 
c
c    c 
c 

c c
c  c 
c  
c
c  c c  c c c   c c 
c   c  c c
c  c
c
c 
c
c
 c  c
 c 
 cc
cc c c

c c c   ccc


cc c  c  ccc 
 c
c  c
c   c "c 
c    c c
c   c c  c

c c 
c c  c c
c  cc
c#  c
c c c c
 cc
c
c c c
c c  1   c c
c
cc
cc  c  
cc"cc
c cc 
c "c   ccc

c c  c c c !  c c c  c c 

c c c 


c  c c
c
 
 c c ccc c
 c c   cc cc
c
 c  cc cc
c

ccc  c
c 
cc
c c c
c c  c
c 
c 
c
c c c
c   c c
c  c 
c  c c c c  c 
c 
c "c c c
!"c c 
c cc cc "cc  "ccc c"  c c

c >3c
!  "cc cc c cc c c c 
c c
c

 c
c c

 c  c   c c  c c


c 5" c
c
= cccc
c c cc  c
L.cc
 c
c  c
c   cc
c c* c
+cc
c %c c
c
 
cPc Mc

c %c c
c  c  c c
c   c c
c 
c c c 
c
 c  1   c c c 
 c
c c  c 
c  c  &c c
c
cc
cc c  c# cc cc
 &ccc
c
c

cc c
c cc  cc c c
 c
c
c 
cc c
c
 c c
c c
c  c   cc
c c  1   c

c"
 c c
c  c c
c c c   c ccc c
c
 c

c
c  c cccc cc# c   cc#  c c
c
c c  cc
c   c cc 
c c
c c

c"
 c 
cc c
c c  cc
cc cc 
c 
c
c
c  c c  c c   c
cc c
c
 c c c
c 
c c
 c 
c  
c c
c c  c c  c  c c
c
c
 c cc
c  c c   c  c 

c   c c c c 


c c
 ccc c cc
cc cc cc  c  c c
c


c  c  
c 

c   c c 
 c c
c    c c c c
%c
c  c c  c c   c
c    c c # c
   cc#  c  cc  c
 ccccc 
c
 c c
c  c c c  c c 

c c
c  c 

c
  cc  c  ccccc c 
cc c
c c

cc c
c ccc  cc c c
cc c
c  c
 c c
cc c
c c cc  cc cccc 
ccc c
c  c c c
c
 c 
#  c c
 cc

cc  c


c c 
 c c 
c c c
c  c c c
c  c 
c c c 
c  c
 cc
c  ccc
c cccc   c c cc c c
cc
c c c 
c  c 
c c 
c!c cc  c
c
 c
c  c c
c   c c
 cc
c   c  c
c  c c c c c c 
c  c c c  2c c c  c
  c c
c 

c  1 

c c
c   cc cc   c
c
c c c
c cc  cc
c   c 
c c
c c

cc cc
c'
c c  c 
c5 
c 
c' 
&cc ccc
  c c c
c 
c c c
c c "  c 
c  c c 
c c
 c c
c   c 
cc c
c c
. c
c  cc  c
c c  1   cc#c c
c cc
 
c
c  c c c c  c c
c   c
c   c
 c c   c c c c c c 
c  c c c c c
 c 2c c  c c
c c  c
c c"c c
c   c c
c  c c
c  c c c c c c c
c
 c c cc
c
 cc
c
c c%
 c c

c cc
c  c

c >>c
c c   c
cc c
c c c
c  c c
c  ccc c
cc
c cc#c 
c c  1   c c
c cc c

c  c c  c c   c 


 c  
 c c 
c c c
 c c
c  c c 

c c  c c c 


c  c c  c 
c
c c
c c
c# cc cc
 ccc 

c"c

c  c


c c
c  c  
c
c 
c 
c  c c 
 c
c  c
  c c c
c 
 c   c c
c  c c 
c  cc

cc c  c# cc cc
 c
c   c c 
c %c c
c  
c c
c  c 

c c
c
 c   cc cc  cc
cc c c
c c
cc
 c 

c
c   c c  c c 
 c c
c   c
" c cc  c 
cc
c
 c c
c
  c c
c c

c # c c %c
c  c  
c
c 
 c c 
c c
#c c
c     c
c 
c  c 
c   c 
c %c c
c  c c
  c
c c c
c "c 
 c
c   c c 

c c c c


  c
c c c
c "
c
c%cc cc  cc
/#c c c c 
 c 
c c 
c c c c 
c  
c c
 cccc
c cccc
c cc
c cc
c
cc   c
c
c cc 
 c c# c
c
$"
 c # c

c 

c c
c c 
c c  1   cc   c 

 c
c   c"c   cc
c c c  c c
c  
c c
c c
c cc
c  c
 c c c  c
c   c c
c  c  c c 
c c c 
c 

c c
c
  c 
c cc
c cc c c c  cc
c "c
   c
'c c c  c  c c 

c
c
 c 
c  c c   c 
c
 
c#c cccc
 c 
#  c c
c
 c c
c  cc
c
 c

c  c c  c 
c  
c c
c c c c  c  c 
c "
 c 
c
c c
c  c c c c c  c c 'c c c  c c
c 
 c c
  c c
c  c c
c cc   c c
c " c c

c  c 
cc c
c  cc
c c c c 
c 
c
c  c c
c ccc
c cc c
c
 c c
c  cc 
c
 c c   c 
c  
c  c  #c 
c "
 c  # c 
c c c
c
 c 
 c c c c  c 
c c c c c
c 
 c
c

&ccc c
cc c
 ccc  c c
c !c
c
$"
 c# c

c "
 c  # c 
c c c
c  c c c c # c 
c
c
  c c c c c c

ccc  cc
c #

c 
ccc
c c #

c"cc c
c c 
c 
c cc c
c
c"c  cc0 c #

ccc

ccc  ccc


 c2c"c%cc  
ccc
c ccc
c   c"c

cc  c
c c

c >Bc

c"
 c 
cc ccc# c c   cc!
cc c c
c

c 
c  c c
c #

c
c 

c ccc c cc c c



  c

c
c  c c
c  
c 
c c 
c c c c
c #

c  
c c 
c
 c c  c c  c
c 
c c
c  c  c c 
c c
 
c c 
  c c $c  c c
c #

c c
c
c  
c 
c   c c


c c
c cc c
c cc 
c cc 
  c
0cc"
c c
c c
c c c
c c
c 
cc c
c c
"c

c
c"cc
c
c"c
cc cc  c
c
c  c
c c
c
 c &cccc
c c c c cc 
c c

  c c
c c c   c c  c c  c c 
c
c
c "c

c  cc
c"c
c
$"
 c 
1 
c

c "
 c  # c  
1 
c c
c  c "c   c c  
c
c
 c  c
c   c c
c c 
c c c 
 c
ccc cc c
c
 c 
cc c
c cc c
 cc

c! c 
c  c 
c c c
 ccc  cc
c
c 
c
  c 
cc

c   c 
c c c
c c c
c
c c 
 c c   c c
c
 cc   c 
c cc0cc c
c ccc"cc
c   c
c   c 
c  c *
c +c c c   c c c 
 c c 
c  c
c
cc cc c c

c # c  # c c  
1 
c c  c c c  c c c c
cc
c!
 c 
cc c
c ccc  c
c c   c c  c
c  c c  c c c c

c c 
c c c  c !
 c c c 
c c c c c c
  c  c c c c 
c c 
#  c c
c c c  c
c
 c cc
cc
c c c cc  c
c   cc
  c   c 
c c c  c   c # c c c c c c c
  c 
c  cc   c c
c
 c c  c 
cc c

c"
 c # c# cc 
1 
cc  c cc ccc
c cc
c  c 
c  c 
cc c c c
c  
cc
 c
c
c

c"
 c 
c 
c 
cc
c
 cc
c
cc
c cc
cc
c  c c
c
':/= )Q-cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc.F:$c
c c c c c c ccccccccc
c c c c c c cccccccccc
ccccccccccccc0/. -.)$c
c
c
ccccccccccccc':/; 5$ccc

c >Cc
c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc/;D F/c0 cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc/;D F/c
0 c$c.) -.)$c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccF:$;$D/ccc
c
/;D F/ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc/;D F/ccc
0 c$ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc0 c$cccc
':/= )Q-ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc$)H-$F:$c
c
c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc5/0/c 0 ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
5RF/0/c
$.F$.)Q-cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc':/. 0)5) -F/c
cccccccFR.-).$c
c
/;D F)4/ccccccccccccccccccccccccccc/;D F)4/ccccccccccccc./-F -)0/c
cccccccccccc0 c$c':/= )Q-c
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc5RF/0/c
c
c
.   c 
 c c
c c
.c c 
c %c c
c c c  c   c 
 c
c # c c
 cc%c"c
cc cc  c c
c
 cc
c# c
c
c cc c
c  c
.c c  c
c # c *c c  +c c  c c
c c c c 
c

c 
 c 
c  &c c  c c 
c # c  c c c
c  c
  
c c   c 
c  c c c 
c  c c c c  c 
c
 c c  c
c  c c  
c 
c c  c  c c


ccc
 c
cccc    c
c 
 c   cccc

cc c
c  cc
c   cc   c 
c  c 
c c
c
c# c
c
c
c
cc c
c  cc
 c
cc
c
c
 c
c  c  c c c    c  "c  c  c c c   c c  c
 c c   c   c c  c 
c 
c 
c c c c
c
c
cc
c  c c
c   c
c
c
4.4 Cuarto eslabón: Diseño del tema
c
'c 2
 c c  #c c
c c c
c
c c 
  c   c c  c

 c
c %c c
cc
c  c c c  c c
c  
c c !c c   c
 c c
  c c  c c c  
c   c c
c  
c c c  c c
 ccc

c >6c

c c c
c   c   c 
c  c  1   c c c c c


c c  c  c c c 


c
c  c c c 
 c c
c

c

c c c  c c
c c c c  c c 
c c 
c c 
c  c
 cc
ccc 
c
c c c
c 
 c
c
c 
c c
/#c c c   c c c c "
c c  c  c
* 
+c cc c   ccc c c
c
c c
c
c c c    c c c 
c c c   c c  c c  
c c 
c
 ccc
c 
 cc  c
cc  c
c c 
cc
c c   c   c  c c  c 
c   c 
c c c
c
 c &cc c
c 
 cc 
c
c
c
c c
ccc
  cccc

c c c
c  c  c c
c  c c c c c c c 
c
 c
c c c
c&cc
c  c c  c&ccc   c c

c  c c &c c
c 
 c  
c c  c c c  
c c
c  &c c
c
# c"c    cc
c c c
cc

c c c
cc 

cc  ccc "c   c


c c 
c cc
c

 c c c c
c   c c  
c c c c
c 
c c
c  c
  cc
c 

c cccc
cc c
c c c
c 
 c

c
c 
c ccc 
c c
c"c
ccc  c c
c c c

c 
 c c 
c  
&c c 
c  c c c  c 

c c c


 
ccc
c
c
cc#c
ccc 
c c
 cc c
c
 c c c 
 c
c c  c c c  c c ! c c  c c  c " c c
c
 c
c cc
c  c 
 cc  cccccc c
c c 
 c c  c c 
c  
c c
c  c c c  c
c 
 c c
 cc
c  c 
cc cc
c! c # c 
c c c 
 c
ccc cc  cc
c  c c c c
c  c 
 c c  c c c c c  c c c 
c c
cc0 c  cc
cccc
c  c

cc  c
c 
 c
c  c c 
c  c c
c  c c c c c   c c c  c c
 cc
c   c  cc c 
 cc  c
cc c
 
 c
c
c cccccc ccc
c cc
c c   c c

c   c c


ccc  cc
c c c ccc
c c
c
'cc   cc  c c
 c  cc
c %c c
c c

c # cc
c # cc
c
cc c c
c    cc cc c  c
c
c c cc c
c
c   c   c 
c c c # c c   c c c c c
  cc cc 
ccc # c cc
c  c
c  cc
c   c c c 
 c c
c  
c 
c c  c c 
c c

c  cc c cc c

c >8c
.c cc  c
c 
 c"c  cccc c  cc'c

c
c

c cc # cc   c #cc
c c

cc 
cc c c
  c c
cccc
c
c c c
c  c
cc
c # cc   c cc cc!cc
cc
c  c c

c
c  c  c c c 
c  c c  c 

c c c cc


 "c c c # c
'cc c c!
 ccc ccc 

c cc
c
c c
  c
c  c 
c c c c 
c  c c c  c
  c
c
c2c c c
cc
c c
c   c c
c

 c c 'c 

c  #c  c 


c # c c c   c c c
  c c  c
c cc  

c
c  cc
c cc"c 
ccc
cc

c c cc 

c
c
4.5 Quinto eslabón. Diseño del año o grado
c

c%cc cc
c   c  
c 
c c  1   ccc
c
c  c 
cc c
c  
c c
c  c c
c  c

c cc
c
c%cc cccc
c  c   cc 
c  c  cc
 
c 
c c c  c c c c   c  c  c c c
 c cc
c c c c    c c  
c c c c c   c 
c
 c 
c c  c 

c  c c c  


c c 

c
 c  c   c  c c 
  c
c c  
c   c
c
 
 c c
c  &c c  c 

c 
 c
 c c c 
c
  cc c &cc
c   c cc c c cc

c  c 
c c !c c &c c c c c 
 c 
c
c cc
c! c
cc  c 
c ccc
c  c c
c 
 cc c
c  c c
c  c c
c  c  c c  c  c c  c  c c 

c 
 c
 
ccc cc
c cc
c
c c cc
-c! cc  cc c
c c  1   c 
c%c cc
c 
c  c 
c c  c c c  c
c  c c  c %c  
c c
  # c c 'c c c c 
c  c c 
 c c  c c c
 c c %c
c c c   c c
c c c c 
 c c 
c %c
 
c c
c c c  c  c c
c !c  
c c c
c 
 1 
c
 cccc 

c c

c  cc


c   c 
c
c

4.6 Sexto eslabón. Diseño de la clase


c

c 

c 
c c  1   cc  cc c c
c c 
c
 cc
c
c  1#  cc cc
c  cc
c
cc
c

c   c c c
cc 
c
c c c
c BGc
'c

c
cc2cc   ccccc
c c
cc
cc
 c
c# c c%cc c
c c cc
c

c
c c
cc c c
c  c 
c  
c
c"c ccc
c


c 
c c  c c c c 

c c     c  c 


c  c "c
c c  c
c   c c  c  c c
c   c 
c  c  1
   c
cccc   c  cc
c 
cc c
 c
c  c c c c 
c c  c c
c 
c c  c
  
cccc
c c
c
c
F c c  c 
 c c c c = c  c c

c 
  c c 
c  c
c   c  
c 
c  
c c
c
c c c 
c c c 
c %c  
c c
c  c  
c c
   c 
c  c  c c $c   c c c 
c  c c
 cc
c    c c
c  c "c c c
  cc

c c c cc c c  
cc c
c c

c B7c
c
CAPITULO 5
c
c
c
LA GESTION DEL PROCESO CURRICULAR
c
c
c
;  c !
c  c "c  c c  
c 
c 

c 
c  c
 
cc  c  c  c   c c c    ccc c
 c !
 c c 
c c c c  c c c c c   c  c
 c c c 
c c
c   &c c c  c  c 
 c c "c
c c
c
c c  c c  c c c
c 
   c
c   c
c

 c c 
c 
c  c c c c  c 
c  c     c c
c cc c cc c 
cc
c cc c ccc c
    c c c c 
c !  "c  #c c  c     c c 
c
 c

c  c c c #c c
c   c     c   c c
 c  c c c  c c c c c 
c  c c c c
  c2cc  ccc"ccc
c c  
cc'cc
c c c 
c c c c  c     c 
c  c  
c c
c
  c c c
ccc

c  c 


 c 
c c
c    cc
c  cc c cc c c
c c c %cc
cc cc
cc
cc ccc
 c c  c
c
  c
.cc c c
c    cc #cc c  c
ccc
c
 c 
c
c c c
c   c c c c c  c c c 
c
 c  
ccc 

c c
c c 
c c    c c
cc
c  cc
c c    c c cc   cc c
c
 c 
 c c"ccc
c c  
cc cc
cc
c
 
cc   cc cc  c
c 
c cc c  ccc
 c ccc ccc c c c cc 
c 
c
 c c c 
c c c c c
c     c "c c c 
c
 c  
ccc c c  c ccc    ccccc


c
c
 c c
 cc 
 c
c c   cc
c c ccc c

c  c c c c   c  
c c   
c c 
 c  
c   c c
   c 
cc c c  cc
c c "cc  c 
 ccc

c  c  
c   c c c   c * 
c 3+c c  c "c c
c
 c cc
c  cc
c 
c cc c
 cc
c
 
&ccc "cc  c    cc  cc c c cc
   c c c 
c c c  #c "c c c 
c 

c 
c
 ccc
cc #ccc c
cc 
c %c  
c
c 
cc
c
c  c$    c

c  cc
cc  cc
c  c
cc 
c cc!
ccc c cc
c c  
c
c B c
c
5.1 Las funciones y eslabones de la dimensión administrativa
(gestión) del proceso curricular

c     c c c  c  c c


c !c c c  c  c c
 c" cc
c
   c
c  c
c
 c*  +cc
c 
cc
c  c c c c !
c c    c c   c
c  c
 c c c 

c c c c !c  c  c 


 c c c
 c 
 c c 

c c "c  c c c  c


c c 
c
 c c  c c c c  
c c
c 
c   c c 
c 
c
 ccc  cc c

c cccc   c


c 
   c 
c  c  
c c  c c
c   c c
c
 cc
c  &cc
c  c c
c  c c
c 
cc c
c# cc
&cc
c
 c*  +c c
c   c c 
c &ccc

c 
c c
c   c 
c cccc
c 

c
c cc  c
c
 c
c cc
c c 
c 
ccc    c
c
   cc  c 
c cc cc  cc c
c
  c  
c 
c  c  c c c  "c c   c c c
 c c 
 c
c c

 c c c
c   c c
c  c c c
c
!cc   c
c %c  
c c
c" c c  c
c ccc
c  c c
c
c 
 c  c  c c  c c
c c
c

c c c c
c    c  
ccc  c cc
c c
c  c 
c %c c  c c
c  c  c c  
c

c c
c
cc 

c

c 

c c 
 c  c *#c c c c 

c c c   +c


 cccc
cccc
c %c
c  c c
c
 cc.cc
 c
c c c %c  
c "c cccc
c c %c c
c cc c c  ccc c c
 c
c
c  c c  c
c  c c 
   c c   c 
c
  c &ccc
c c
c
 ccc
c c
c 
cc cc
cc   ccc cc  cc c

c"cc cc  cc c


c
 c!
 c
c
c c c %c c  c
c   c c
c
c 
c %c  
c
 #c  "c c #c
c c #c  c c "c  c c  c 
c
c 
  c c
ccc
c  cc   cccc c

c  cc 
c
c cc
c
 cc
c  "c #cccc c
 ccc!c
c  c     c 
c  c  
c c c     c  c
c
c  c c 
c c c
c c c 
c c c
c   c
 
c c
c c c c c c
c  
c c c  c c
c
 &c c c c c c c c  c c
c  c  c   c c 'c c
c
c
c cc c  cc
c    c cc cc
0 cc  cc 

 c
c    c! ccc c c
c
cc
c
 c*  +c c
ccc
:  c c 
c  c  1   c c  c c   c  
c
 
c c
c c  c
c
c 
c c c # c
c  c c  
c
c

c B,c
 
c c "c 
c %c c
c c c  c    c c c  c c c 

c "c
c  c
c c c
c c c   c  c
c  c "  c
  cc  c 

cc  &cc
c c  
cc  c  c
 c c  &c c c
c  c     c 
  c  cc

  c c
cc 
c
c
c
':/. /c0/. -F ccccccccccccccccc':/. /c.::).$:cc
c
c
c
':/. /c$0)5)-)F:$F)4/c
c
c

c 
c c
c  c c
c  c 
c  c  
c c  c c
c
 c c c c
cc cc " c"c# c cc  cc
 c "c 
&c c 
c 
c c
c  c c  c c
c  
c
  c 
c c c c
c c  c c 
c 
c 
c c c 2
 c  c
 cc  cc 
 c
$c c c 
 c c   c c
c  c  c c
cc cc

cccc cc
 cc cc

c 
c c 
 c
c   c 
! 
 c c  
 c 
c  c  1
   c c c   c  c  c

c c
c    c c c
 c
c
c  c
cc  cc
! 
 c  c cc cc!  cc
 c ccc c &cc cc  ccc " cc " c
c
Dimensión administrativa del proceso curricular: El trabajo
metodológico
c
.cc c cc c  cc
c c"cc
c  c
 
 c c     &c c  c c c 
c 

c 
c  c  c
c
 
 cc
c    &cc
c  c c  cc c
c   c  c
ccc"c c
c    cc
c 
 cc c  c  c
cc
c c  
c c  c
c  c "  c c
c  c
 
 c
c "c c c
c  
 &c c c  c
c c c c c
  c c
c   c  c  c c  c c  c c
c c 
 c c

 c
ccc  cc
c    c

cc 
 cc
c  c    c* c +c 
c c  1
   c c
c 
cc 

cc
c
   cc  c 
c c
c c 
 c c 
c c
c c  
 c c c
c  c
    c 
c c  
cc #cc c
cc 
c  
c

c c  
 c  c c 
c     &c c  c c c 
c
c  
 c
c  c c 
 c "c c c  c   
c 
c
 c c c c c   c c 
 c     c 
 c # c c c
  c c
c  c c c
c   c c c   c c
c  c
  c
c   c cc
cc  c
cc c c  
c
c B3c
c
0c
c  cc
cc  
 ccc    c
cc cc
c
 
 c
c "  c
c  
c c 

c
c   c 
c
c c c
  cccc 
c
 c"c 
cc   
cccc cc
 c
c  c c 
c "c # c c 
c   
c c  c
c
cc c
c
 cc
c
c c c   c

c c  
 c 

 c c
c 'c '  
c c ' c
'c c  c c
c c
c  c  
c c  c c
 
c  c c %c c

c c c c 


c " c c %c 
c  c c
c
 c   c c c  c  c
c 
 c 
c  c c c  c
   c  c 
c 
c
c   c     c c
c  c c c
 
c c
c c
c 
c c 
c c  
 c "c c
c   c   c c
c
 cc
cc
c
 c 
c c c 
ccc %cc c  cc
c  c  c c
c  c c
c   c c #c  c c  c

 c
cc c
c 
c cc
c c c 
c  
c c c  c c 
c c
c 
c c c c c  c c  c
c
c   c c c  c c
c 
c  c c
 c2
c cccc
c  c!
cc'cc c
c
 c c  cc ccc
c cc
c c c cc
%ccc
c c cc

c c  
 c c  c     c c &c c  c  c
c
! 
 c 
c  c  
c c
c 
 c 
c 
 c c 
c 
c c  c c "c
 c c 
c  
&cc c  c
c c 
c %c  
&c c c
# c
c   c  
c c
c c c  c c 
c  c c
c
c 
 ccc 

c ccc
c   ccc  c
c
c   
c 
c  c c c  c  1#  c c   c c
 c c
c   c 
c  c c 
c c c c c  c  
 c
c
c
c 
 c 
c %cc  cc
 c cc 
c
c
c 
 c c
c  c  
 c c     c 
 c c
 c  #c c 
c 
#  c
c c  c c 
c  
c c
c  
 cc
c c c c c 
c  c  
c c c     c c c  c 
c
 cc   cc
c " c 
cc
c 

c 
c c
c
c  c 
c  c  
c
c !c   c 
c %c 
  c c
 c
c c  1   c c
c
  c c c  c
c!cc c cc  cc c
c cc
c 
c c
c
c 
c3cc  c 
c c  
c c    c
c  c

ccc c
c 
ccc  c
c  
c  c
c c c

c
c c c c 
c c c c   c
c  c c 
c
    c c  c
c"
 c   c
c c    c
c 
  c  c c 
c c 
c c c  c
c c 
  c  c
c
 c c c c  c 
c  
c
c c c c  c 
c   c
c
 cc c c
   c  
c
c
5.3 El plan de estudio de la carrera
c

c B>c
c c 
c c  
cc cc c  ccc  cc
 cc
c 

c 
c c  1   cc c
c
c
c c cc
c  c  c
c c c
   cc  c 
c  
c

c 
c c  c c c c 
c  c  
c c 
 c c 
  c c
 c
c cc c c   c   cc 
c
c!  cc
c   c c

 cc
c c 
c cc  c
c   c"c
c cc


c
c
c  c c
0c
c c
c cc c   c
.   c c
c cc c   cc;c%c  c 
c 

c
c c %c
c 
c c c c c c c 
c  c 
c c c
c
 c  ccc cc
c c c  c
c c c cc

cc c  c


'
c 
c c  c
cc  c
c  
cc c
c c cc
c c c   c c c c %c c
c c c
  
cc  # c

cc   c
c!"c 
c
cc c
cc
cc c 
 c c
c c 
c c
5 
c 
c  c c 
c  c c  c 
c    c c 

 cc
c c   c ccc  c cc cc  cc
 c c c!
 cc  
 c c
c c c 
cccccc
c c   c c  cc
c cc c c   c
c c

c   cc 
 c c c
c   c2c
c  c c
c c c
/ c c %c  c c c  
c c
c c c c c  c c c
 c
cc
c cc
cc
c c c c
c c c
c cc
 c c   cc  c%cc c c cc 
c
c   c c 
c 
c 
c  c  c
c 
 c  "c c c
   c 
c  c 
c 
c 
c c  c
c c  c c
c
  c c
c  
c "
cc
c
c c
c c  cc%cc
 c 

c  c c  c   c c


c c 
 c c
c 
c c
 c
.c c  c c  c 
 c   c  
 c c c   c c
c
c # c "c 
c
c  c "c     c c
c c
  c c %c 
c 
c "c c c 
c  c c    c c F c
c cc ccccccc2c
c   c c
c
  cc
c
c
c
c cc c   cc
ccc   c c c
c

c c c
 cc
 cc cc  ccc   cc
c
cc
c
c 
c c
 cc
c  cc
c c 
c  c

 cc   cc 
c c c cc c   cc c 
c c"c
 
c c c 
c c  c 
c  c  
c c $c
c c c c
c
  c
c ccc c
 c &cccc c  # 
c
c
c "c
c c c
  c 
c  c c c c c c
c "c c
 cc
cc
c cc
c  c
c
5.4 El programa de la disciplina o área
c BBc
c
0#c 
c 
c c  c c
c c c  c    c 
c c c
c
 
c c 
c  c "c c c
c c c
c  
c c "c c 
c
 c c c c  c 
c  c  c c c  
c c
c c c
c
 c c    c c   c 
c  c  
c c c c  c c
 c
c   c "c c c
c  c c  c
c    c
 # c c " c c
c  c 
c c c c
c c
c  c
 
cc  c 
c c
c# cc c c%cc
cc c
c
 c  c c c  
c

cc cc  
c c c
c
c 
c  c
0c
 ccc c
c c c
c  
cc  cc c
c
c c%cccc!
cc
c c
c cc c  cc c

cc
 c c
=  c c
c  
c c ;c %c  c c
c %c c
c
 
cccc c cc
cc
cc %cc
c
c c c
/ c
c c
c  
cc0  c c
c cc  c
c
c
c c
/ c
c   cc 

 c
/ c
c   c
. c c
c  
c
 c c   c
 c c 
 c
 c c
c
)  c 
 cc c  c c
c  
c
c   c 
c
c    c c
c c  c
cc c c
c
ccc# c c%c* c c
c  
cc
  c 
c
c c cc"  c

c c
c  +c
c  c c %c c
c
c
 c c c c !
c
c   c c    c c c   c c 
c
!c 
cc 
 c 
c0cc." cc0c  c  c
cc cc  cc c ccc"c  c
c c cc  
c c  cc
c
 c c
c%c c

c  
c c  c 
c  c 

c c $c c 


c
c   c c
c  c c %c c
c  
 c c
c
c  c c c c
c
 c c
c2
 cc c c c 
c   cc
c
 c
c
cc

c c ccc
c  cc  c c c!c c c

cc  c
cc
 c c  cc c

cc
c 
c
c c c c
c
 
c c   c c
c  c c  c c c c  c c 
c 
c
ccc %cc
c c 
c c
c 
c c c
c  
c c  "c
c  
c c  c c
c
   c cc
c
El programa de la asignatura o módulo
c

c c c
c  c c 
c  c c   c 
c c c
c
 
c
c
c.c c
c c c
  cc c
c  c 
c c
 cc
c c
  c
ccc  c c  c c c
c BCc
c
c  c c
c   c  c c  c c c
c  c

 c 
c
$c
c  c c  c  c c c  c  c
c
cc
c 
c cc cc   cc
c 
c c 
  c

c  c c c  c c 
c c
c  c c
c 
 c
c
c 
c c c c c   c c c c 
c c  c c
# c
ccc"c cc
c
   c 
c
c c c c
 cc
c  c c 
c c c  c 
c  c c c  c c
c  c c
  c 
cc#c
ccc ccc cc cc
ccc  c

c*  cc# +c



cc c
c c c c
/ c
c c
c cc0  c c
c c c
c  
c
/ c
c   cc 

 c
/ c
c   c
'
c" c c
c c
  c cc cc  c c
cc  cccc cc
%c
)  c 
 cc c  c c
c c
c   c 
c
c    c c
cc  c
cc c c c
c
cc# c c%c
c c c%cc
c
 c 
c cc
c 
c
c
5.6 El año o grado
c

c%cc cc
c   c  
c 
c c  1   ccc
c
c  c 
cc
c
c  
c c
c c c
c c 
c
 c
c
c%cc cccc
c  c   cc 
c  c  cc
 
c 
c c c  c c c c   c  c  c c c
 c c
c c c c    c c  
c c c c c   c 
c
 c 
c c  c 

c  c c c  


c c 

c
 c  c   c  c c 
  c
c c  
c   c
c
 
 c c
c  &c c  c 

c 
 c
 c c c 
c
  cc c &cc
c   c cc c c cc

c  c 
c c !c c &c c c c c 
 c 
c
c cc
c! c
cc  c 
c cc
$c  c ! c c c   c c
c 
 c c 
c c  
c
  cccc
c"c
c c cc
c  cc  cc
c cc
c%cc  c  c
c  c c
c 
 cc c
c  c c
c  c c
c  c  c c  c  c c  c  c c 

c 
 c
 
ccc cc
c cc
c
c c c
'c
c
cc! cc  cc c
c c  1   c 
c%c
 c c c 
c  c 
c c  c c c  c
c  c c  c %c
 
cc  # cc'cccc
c  cc
 cc c cc
 c c %c
c c c   c c
c c c c 
 c c 
c %c
c B6c
 
c c
c c c  c  c c
c !c  
c c c
c 
 1 
c
 cccc 

c  cc


c   c 
c
c
5.7 La clase
c

c 

c 
c c  1   cc  cc c c
c c 
c
 c c 
c 
c  1#  c c c 
c   c c
c
c c
c 
c
   c c c
cc 
c
c c c
'c

c
cc2cc   ccccc
c c
cc
cc
 c
c# c c%cc c
c c cc
c

c
c c
cc c c
c  c 
c  
c
c"c ccc
c


c 
c c  c c c c 

c c     c  c 


c  c "c
c c  c
c   c c  c  c c
c   c 
c  c  1
   c 
c c c c   c  c c 
c  
c c
 c  c
c  c c c c 
c c  c c
c 
c c
 c   
cccc
c c
'c c   c c  c c   c  c   c c # c c
 c  c c
c 
  c 
c c  c c
c  c c

c  
c c c 
c 
 c c c  1   c


 c c c 2


 c %c c  c 
c c c c %c
  cc
c c 
c %c  
c
c
5.7 La organización del proceso curricular
c
'c   ccc  c c  c  c
c   c
c
 cc 
c
c#! c 
c c  ccc c
c
c c
'c c
ccc!c
c cc
cc cc
cc4c
c
c 
c c  c c c 

c c 
c
c c c >c %c  "c c
cc
   c 
c  c
c c c
-2c c%cc>c
-2c cc
  cc c cc3Gc
-2c c c
  cccc,Gc
F
c c cc
  cc
c
c c cc>!3G!,GcScBGGGcc
c
c c c "
 c c c c c c c c  c c
c c c
  cc cc  c c c &ccc
c c 
 cc
c
"

c c c c c c
c     c  1   c c
c

c
* 
+c
c2c c c
c ccc
.c c c !
 c  c 
c 
c c  c c c
  ccc c c  
cc"ccc  c cc
c   c

c 
c
c c cc c

cc.cc  c c  cc"


 cc
c
!c c 
c 
c 
c c  c c c c
c c c
c
c c

  c   c
c     c 
 c c  c  
c  c c c
 c
c c cc
c"c  c
)
c"
 c c  cc
c   c c
c c  cc  c  
c
c
c cc 
cc
c cc
cc
cccc
c c
c B8c
 cc   c c
c  c
 c c  cc c

cc
c
c c
c
 c c
c  
cc"c
c   c 
c  c c  c c c  c c
c c

c
*
+c
c
 
c
c  cccc cc
cc  cc

c 
c
 c ccc
c  c 
c c  c  cc
c  
cc
 cc
c
 c  c   c c 
c  c c
c  
c c 
c
c c  c  c "c 
c
c   c 
c   c  c
 c
cc cc  c
c  c c
cc
c 
cc c#c cc
c#c cc c c
ccc 

"c
c  
cc
c  c c cccc%cc
  c cc c
 
"c  # c
c c 
c c c   c c
c  c

 c c  c  c c
c c c c c c  c

c c c c




cc   c c


ccc
 c
cc c
c<  c 
c
c   c 
c !c  c "c  c
c   c c
c
 c c c c   c c c c
c
c c  c c %c c c c
 c  c
c  c c c  c  c c  c
c  c c
c c 
 c
cc0c
cc c  cc c c
cc c cc  cc  c
c cc &ccc
cc  cc
 c ccc c c &ccc
cc  c c ccc%c

  cc 
c
c  c c 
c   c 
c c   c  c c c c
c c c "c  c c 
c
c  c  c c  c
 c
c 
c c > c c   c c
c c  c *   +c 
c c
 
 c
cc c
 c 
c  
c cc  cc 
cc c
c
 c c c&ccc  cc
c
  cc c c
cc 
cc
.c 
c " c c c c
c c c   c
c c c 

c 
c  c
 
cc
c c  c 
c ccc  c c
cc 
 c 
c
cc2
 ccc
c
 c c cccc c c
c
 c c
c
c c  c c c c  c c
c c
c    c c c
c

   c 
c
c
c

5.7 La organización del proceso curricular


c
c  c 
c c  c  cc
c  
cc
 cc
c
 c  c   c c 
c  c c
c  
c c 
c
c c  c  c "c 
c
c   c 
c   c  c
 c
cc cc  c
c  c c
cc
c 
cc c#c cc
c#c cc c c
ccc 

"c
c  
cc
c  c c cccc%cc
  c cc c
 
"c  # c
c c 
c c c   c c
c  c

 c c  c  c c
c c c c c c  c

c c c c




cc   c c


ccc
 c
cc c
c<  c 
c
c CGc
c   c 
c !c  c "c  c
c   c c
c
 c c c c   c c c c
c
c c  c c %c c c c
 c  c
c  c c c  c  c c  c
c  c c
c c 
 c
cc0c
cc c  cc c c
cc c cc  cc  c
c cc &ccc
cc  cc
 c ccc c c c
c  c c 
c   c 
c c   c  c c c c
c c c "c  c c 
c
c  c  c c  c
 c
c 
c c > c c   c c
c c  c *   +c 
c c
 
 c
cc c
 c 
c  
c cc  cc 
cc c
c
 c c c&ccc  cc
c
  cc c c
cc 
cc
.c 
c " c c c c
c c c   c
c c c 

c 
c  c
 
cc
c c  c 
c cc 
c
c
 c c
c  c c
c
c 
 c 
c cc2
 ccc
c
 c c cccc c
c
c
 c cc
cc cccc  c c
cc
c   c
c c
c
   c 
c
c
c
La evaluación del diseño curricular
c
c 
 c 
c  c c %c  
c c
c 2
 c c c 
c c c
 c La evaluaciónc 
c  
c  
c c c  c c !c c
c 
 c
c
c ccc
 cc  cc
c c  
c 
c c
c c 
c
cc
c c 
cccc ccc
 c c c c
cc c
  cc 
 c
c c
c
$c c c
c   c
c   c  
c c c c c

c c c c
c
c   c
c   c c
c  c c 'c 

c c c c c  c


c  c
 c c
c     c c  c   c c 
  c  c 
c c

c
c
c
 c 
c c  
c c cc
c
 c!c
c
 c c
c
c
 c!c c
c c c  cc c
c c
c  c

c  c  1   c 
c  c  
c c 
c  c  
c c 'c 

c
c
c  c  c c

cc
c
c ccc c
c
c 
 c c c
c  
c c c 
 c c  c c 
c 
c
 c c ! 
 c c
c   c 
c  c  
c c c
c  c c
 c
c c
   c
c
c 
 c c  
c  
c  c c "c c
c   c
c
   c
c  cc
c   c
c
c   c  c 
c 
c c  c c c
c c c 
2c
c 
 c c
c
  c  c c
c   c  cc
c   cc c c!  cc
c C7c

11 c 
c  
c  
c c c    c 
2c 
c  c c
  cc
c
c
c c
c  c
c# c
c c
c
c &c c c
c   c 
c  c  c  c
c 
c c  c c
 c 
c c c
c c c 

c  c c c
c c c c

c c c c 


c 
c c
c  c 
2c
c  c c c
c 
 c 
c
 
c  
c   c
c    c  
c c c    c 
2c
c  c
c c
c 
 c 
c  
c  
c
c c  c c c "c 
c


c  c 

c 
 cc 
c
c

c  c  c "c c 
 c  c
c  c c  c c 
c 
c  
c
 
c c 
c c  c  c
c 
c c 
c c c 
 c c c

cc
cc c c c c c
 cc'c

cc
c
c c
c

 cc cc c cc  cccc 

c  cccc

 ccc   cc
c ccc
 cc
c

c  c  1   c c c 
 c  c c 
c  c
c  c  c


cc   c c cc c c  ccc cc  cc

c
 c c
c
c 
ccc
cc
&ccc
ccc
cc
  c c
c c c  c 
c c   c c 
c 

c
  c c
c   cc
c  cc c
cc
c c

c
c
'c c   c c  c c   c  c   c c # c c
 c  c c
c 
  c 
c c  c c
c  c c

c  
c c c 
c 
 c c c  1   c


 c c c 2


 c %c c  c 
c c c c %c
  cc  cccc
c c 
c %c  
c
c
c c

c C c
c
CAPITULO 6
c
c
c
El DISEÑO CURRICULAR EN LA ACTUALIDAD
c
c
c
cc 
c c  c
cc  
c c c
cc 
c0 %c
 
cc c  c c
c
  cc
ccc
  c 
c c c
c  cc c 
c cc c cc
c    c
c  ccc
c   c "ccc
c 
c
%c  
c c 'c  c  
c c  c   c  c 
c c c  c c 
c
!c 
c c
c   c c   c 1  cc 

c
c c    c
$
c 
c c c 
c  
c 7c  c c  c
c   c c  c   c
 
ccc  c  ccc
cc  cc  
cc
c c

c   cc c
c ccc
c 

c 
c
c   c c cc

cc ccc
 c c 
c c
c%c cc
c 
 cc cc"c  cc c
  c cc
c
 c  1#  ccc 
c c
c
  c c
c
  c 
c  c ! 
c c
c " c 
c 

c  
 c c
 
c  c c
c   c  
c c c   c  c c
c 

 c
  c c 

c  c c
c c c c  c  1  c c
 
c  
c c 
c c c  c c  c c 
c
c   c c
  c
cc  c
c   c c
c 
cc
cc c
c   c c
c  c c   c c c c c  c c  c 
c !c
 
c c c c 
c c c
c c  
c c c 
c c
c
   c c   c   c 
c 

c   c
c c c c   c
 
c
c
  c 
c ? c  
@c c 
c 
c c c  c
 
c
  c
c   c  c 
cccc 
 c c! c
c  c c   c c F c c c  c 
c  c c c
  c c  c 
 c c c  
c
c   c c
c c c c 
c  c 
 c c 
c c 7,c c c c   c
c
 c cc
c c c
c
cc 
c c cc
c   c 
c  
c c!cc
c  c
 cccc c c
c c c c " c !
c 
c c
 
c 
c c c c 
c  #c 
c !c    c 
c c c c
  cc!
c
c
B7ccF  c 
c
cc
c %c  
c   c
c
c C,c
c
cc c
ccc c
cc
  c!
 cc
c 
c
 cc  c
c !c 
c 
cc   cc
c 
c"c c

c %c  
cccc!
c
c   cc c 
c  c 
c
%c  
c c
c    c  c c "c c c c c
 c
c
' cc0c
c 

c cc cc  c  cc"c ccc


c .c c c %c c  c  

 c c ! c c   c


cc  c ccc c c 
 ccc
0c cc
c  ccc  ccc
c  c c c cc
c
"c
ccc "c
c
c  c

cc
c
 c 
c  c
c  c c c 
c C8c c c  c 
 c
c   c  c c
  c
c    c  
c c  c c c c  c 
c  c c
 
 cc
c 
cc c ccc c  cc c  ccc

c  c 
c c cccc  c 
 c c
c c
ccc!
 cc
c2c c
c 
c ccc
c c   c c C8c
c 
c
c c   c c
c    c  
c c c
c c

c c 
c  c c c  
c 
c c 
c 
c c c c
 c " c c c  c   c c
c 
 c "c 
c c
 cc 
cc c 
cc c cc 
 cc
 cc
c
  c 
c  ccc
c   c c
c
 c  1
#  c "c c c  c "c " c c c   c c # c c
 
c  
c c 
c  c c  c c ! c 
c c c
  c c
c  c  1  c c  c c 
c c c
  c c
c 
c
 cc.c   c c
c
 c 
c c
c c
 cc

c
c c c
c   c 
c  c c
c  
c c 
 c c
c
 c   c c c c c   c  c
c  
 c c
c
 c 
c c 
 c
c %c  
c
c  c 
 cc  cc
c   cc c
cc

c  c 
c  
c 
c c  c 
c 
c  c * 
c 
c
 
+c c c  c  c c
c    c c
c c  
c
 
c c
c c 2c c %c 
c !  c c c 
c c
c
cc
c  
c
 c c 
  c c c
c    c 
c
cc c 
 c

c cc 
 c
c c
c   c c c c c %c 
c 
c 
c c c c
 c c c # c  c c 
 c  c c 
 c c  c
  c c   c cc c c
c  ccccc"c c
c  c
cc
c 
c
c
cc
c %cc
 c 
c
c  c 

 c
c  c c
c  c 
c  c  1   c c 
c %c  
c
  c
c
c c
cc cc
c    c# c cc  c
c
ccc
 c
 cc  c 
 c
c   c c
c c
c

cc 

c
c  c # c c
c c* 
+cc
ccc    c
cc 

c
c cc
c

cc
c"  c
cc
c cccc  c
c  c 
#  c 
c  c c
cccc
!c
c
c c
c " c c cc c  c c cc 2
 
c

c C3c
  c   1 
c c " c  
c c  
c c c 
c c c
  c cc  c   c c
c

 cc 
 c
ccc
c
c ccc cc   c  ccc c
c
!
 c c  c c c  c 

c   c c  c   c
 c  cc
c c
F cc
c c

c c
c
c c c #cc  
cc c

c 
c c  c  c c c  c c   c c c  c c c
! c c  
c 
c  c c
c  c c " c 
# c c  
c c
 c
cc ccc
c c c  c 
c
c  c c c  
c  c  c 
c  c %c c
c c c c
%cc
c cc  c%c c c
c
c c%c c
c c "c c" cc" 1  c
c"ccc  c 
#  c c
c 
c c c
c c  c
c c
  cc
c c cccc c%c
 c c c 
c  c 
c  c c  c c 
 c c c c 
c
  c
c c c
c c
cccc
c2
 c%ccc
c cc
c
c c
c  c  c c   c c c   c c
c

 c c
c 
c  
c c 'c 

c 
c c # c    c
c c
c   c*  +c
0c c c 

c c c
c  c c c  c c c    c
  c 
c  1c  c c  
c c c 
 c c
c
c 
c
%c  
c c c 
c c c  c 
 c c  c 
c %c
 
cc
c  # cc
c

cc
ccc
c c
.c c c c c %c  #c c   c c c  c c c
c
 
c 
 c c 
c  c  c c c
c   c c c
c  c
 c "  c  
 c
c   c  c c
c  c c 
c
 c 
c c
c
 c c
c
c 
c  c 

c c  
c
c   c c
c  
c c 
c  c c
 ccc

c  c   c  ccc ccc c


%c
c
c 
c c  c c   c 
c  c c c   
c c

  c
c c c %c c   # c c

1   c c c  c
ccc c
c c c
c  
c 
c
c c cc
c cc

c  ccc c
c cc 
c c
c c c
c
c c 
c c c
c cc c 
c c
c
c

1   cc c  c
c c%c c
c c
9 cc
c   c c
 cc
c# c cc
 c 
c cc
c

c c c # c 
# c c  c c 
c 

c 
c  c c 
c
 c  
c
c 
c c   c 
 c c
c 
 c c
c
c c

 c
c   c c
c cc
c
 c c
c 
cc
c
cc
c c
c
$c c c
c   c   c
c  ccc c  c cc
 c c c   c c
c  c  c 
c c 
c %cc
c
 c 
cc
c  c

c C>c

c c c
c   c c
c 
cc
cc c
c   c c"c
c c c c   
 c c    c  c  c c
 c 
 cc 
c
c 
c   cc"cccc c!
 c
cc
c  c c
c
cc c c
c 
 ccc cccc c  c
c  c
c  
 cc
c c   ccc
c %c  
c
c 

c
c *c c %+c c c c  c  c
c  c
"  c
" c# c"c   c c c
c  c 
c  
c c
c "  c  
c c c 
c c   
c


1   c cc!
 c c
c  
cc c
c# c c%cc cc 
cc 
c c 
 c  c
c
c c"cc
c 

cc
c 
 c
c
c
B cc0 %c c
c cc9 c/" cc
c c c) c=
c
c

cc c
c c
c c c ) c =
c c c
c ?   c 
c c 

c c
  c  
c c
c   c 
@c *':c 788B+8c c 0c c c
  c c 
c c c
c  c c
c  c c 

c 
c  c 
c
   c 
c c 

c c   c  


c c
c   c

c

c  c?c
c  c" c c  c 1 cc
c c
c

c
 c! cc
c
c c c   c cc "c  @c
*
c;cc'<788Gc G+7Gc
. c
c  c" c c  c 1 c! cc
c   c
 c c   c c "c  c 
c   c c  c   c c
c
  c c  c
c
'ccc0 c
cc?c c  c
c c cc  c

c c c c   
c c c  c   c *c 
c c

c 
c
cc +ccc c  cc c c
c cc c

c
 c c
c   @c*0 Fc788778,c+77c
0
c "
 c c
c   c  c c  c    c c
c   c

c "c   c c  c
c  c c c 
c "c c c *
c
c " c  c   c c  +c  c c  c   c
cc c cc cc c c
c   c c
c   c c
  c c
 c
c c c 
c "c 
c  c c c c   c
c 
 c c
 c   c c
c   c 
c  c c c 
c
c cc 
c 
c=
c
0c c
c  c "c  c c c
c c c  c
c

c c
   c c
ccc c c
2c c c
<  c c c c c
c  c c  c c c
c  c

c"c!
 cc
cc? c c c ccc
cc " c 
 c
cc

@c*:c.c7887783+7 c

c CBc

c " c
c c
c c cc  c cc
c
 c cc
c c cc  c c
c c c
ccc
cc

c  c "c  


 c   c c c    c  c c
c
 c
c c c %cc
c  c
c
0c  c c
c  c   
c c 
c c c 
c 
 c c 
c
  c
cc   c
c 

c 
c c c c c?c c
c     c  c c c  c c c     c  c c   @c *$c
5Fc 7887788+7,c c 'c
c c 
c   c c
c  c c c   c c
 c  ccc
cc c
c 
 c 
c
c  cc
 c 
c
c   c c  c c c   c c  c c
c

 c c
c  c c  c  c c  c c # c  c c
  cc c
c    ccc 
c c c c
?c   c  c c
c  c  c c c    c c c
c
 c c 
 @c *4 c '%c c c =Dc D #c 788B +73c c 0c  c
c
   c 
c   c c
c  c c c
c  cc
c   c
c c  c c
c  
c c c c c c c
c   c 
c
  c 
c

c) c=
c cc   c cc#  cc
c  c
c    c  c c
c  c c
c  c c  c
c
  cccc?c
c  c#  c"c cc c cc
 c
c  @c*H  c57887 ,G+7>c
c

cc c
c9 c/" c
c 9 c /" c  c 
c  c .  c 9 c c  c c c
c cc
c 
&ccc
c c c
c 
c 
c
c c

c  c c
c  c c
c 
" c c
c 
c c
c  c c
c
 ccc   c cc cc 
c c
c c  c 
c 
c()(c
c9 c/" cc
cc c
c9 c c  ccc c 
c c c

c c 
c c c
c c "c  c  c
c  c  c c
! cc
c
&ccc

cc 
c
# 
c cc 
c c
c" c

 c
ccc
c cc 
c c
c ccc  cc

c c  &cc


c 

cc c
c
 cc
c   &cc
c
 c
  c cc
cc c c
c
c c
   c
c
c c c
c9 c/" c cc
ccc  ccc
c c c
 cc
c   c ccc
? c
c c c
c c 
c @c*<cDc78BBc +7Bc
?c  c 
c  c c
c c  c  c c c c c

c ccc @c*-c$c-c7867c,+7Cc
? c
c c c
c c 
c c 
c 
cc"c c c
c
 c cc! cc
c
@c*5 c:cFc7863c,+76c
? c
cc c
c  cc c
c  c c
c c  cc
c
 ccc  @c*
cFTc786Cc3+78c
?  c
c c 
c c c 
c   
c c c  c c

c<c-cc'c/c.
c;cc   cc @c*5c5 c788Bc
C+ Gc
?  c
c c 
c c  ccc
c 
c  
c   c
c
c c
c<c/c'c-cc
  c cc
c! c
cc

c CCc

&c c c    c c     c c c  c   
@c *=!c 5$c 788Cc
+ 7c
c"
 c c
c   c c  ccc c  c cc c

c 9 c /" c


c c  c 
c c c 
c   
c c
c  c c 
c c <c /c -c c 'c c c  c c c
 c  
&ccc   c cc
c# c c c
c    c c cc c   c   c c
c c
c

cc c
c c9 c/" cc
c  c=
c

cc c
c c9 c/" cc
c c c) c=
c c
c   
c c
c c  c c c
c  c c c 
c
c cc 
c 
&ccc c c
c# c c
c  cc 
c
c  c c c  c  
c c c c   c c  c 
c
  cc 
 c
  c c
c  c c
c c
c
$c  c 
c "
 c  c c  c   c 
c c c
c  c 9 c
/" c c ) c =
c c c
c c  c c c
c
 c c
c  c 
c c    c  c c # c c
 cc    c
c   c 
cc c
c c  cccc  c c
c c c
 c
c c  c c c 
c c c
c  c  c  c
c

c c c c 
c   c 
c  c 
c c c  c
" c c "c c c
c c "c  c c  c 
c c c
c 
c ) c =
c
c  c c c c  c c c
 
c 
c $  c =
c c ?c c  c c c 
c c

 c  c  c  c  c 

c  
c  @c *=!c 5c
$788Ccc,+ 7c

c c  # c c c c c  c # c  c 
 c c 
c  c c
 
ccc ccc
c c c  c 
c c
c
c'
c c  cc  c
c cc c
c
c 
c
c
c c
c  
c c c   c 
c c  c  c c
 cc  c c
c c
cc*':c788B+8cc
c"
 c c
c  c  c c
c
 c 
c  c c c  
c c c
 
c    1
 c*=c<.c7868cc76+ c
c c c  c  c  c c ?c c    c   c c c
 c   cc cc c  @&cc ccc
c c 
c
c 

c 
cccc cc cc c
ccc
cc c
c
 ccc"c c*=c<c788Ccc,3+ ,c
c   cc
c   cc   c
 cccc c   c
c 
cc ccc c cc  c 
#  cc-ccc  c
c    c c 
c c "
 c c
c  c c c %c 
c
 c c c  c c  c   c c
c   c c
c  c
 c
c
 c 
c c c  c  cc c
c 
cc 2c c
 c 
c c c cc   c c
c c 
cc cc c
 c
c   c c
c  c c  c 
c "
 c  # c 
c c c
c
 c c c c  
1 
c  c 
c 

c c
c
 c 
c
 c    1
 cc
cc 
c

c C6c

c "
 c  # c  
1 
c c c
c   c 
c c
c
   c c
c 
c c c 
c  c
c 
 c c 

c c c
 c " cc
c
 c 
c c c
c c
c
 c c
c  c 9 c /" c c c c
c 
 c  1
   1  c c 

c c
c  c c  c c  c
 # cc#c c
c
 c 1 cc  cc
c c 
c c
c  c 
c

c  c c 
c  c 
c c c
c  &c c c  c 
c  c c
c "c
 
c c  
c c
c   c c  c c
c 
c *c +c c
c

 cc
c
cc!
c
c   cc c 
cc
 c c c  &c c c c  c  c 
c "
 c c  1   c *c
+cc.
 cc
c
 c 
cc c
c ccc  c*c
+c c  
c c c c c  c c c c  
c  c 
c
  c
c

c/ c c
c c
c   c c
c c c
c c c cc"
 c 
c c
c
  c  c c   c c  c c
c  c 9 c
/" cc
c 

c c
c c c) c=
c
c   c 
c'
c c  c c
c cc2
 c c*
c c c
.+cc
c c c) c=
cc  cc
c c cc  c
c c  c cc c
cc   c
cc 

cc  c
 
c c
c  c 
c c c c %c c     c c c
c c c
c
cc 
 c c c
c   c c c c 
c
 
c((cc   c 
c 
c(()c
c
c
 c c
c c 
cc!c
c c c  c 
c
 
c 
  c c 
c c 

c c   c  


c c
c
 c
cc  c
cc c
c c
c
c c%c c
c c  cc c
c9 c/" c
c c c

c $ c ) c "c    c c


c   c c c " c

  c c
c   c   c c   c 
c   
 c c
c
c  cc 

c
c c c  c*':c788B+8c
c 0  
c ) c c
c c
c '"  c =
c  c 
c 5 
c 
c
' 
c c 'c c " c  c  c c  c 
 c
c  c c c
cc
c "c cc
c
c 
 cc
c%c c
c
 c c

c  c c c
c  c c  c
c    c  c
c 
 c c c
c cc  c  c c  c %c  c
c "c  
c c  c c
c
"c 
cc 
c*<" c cc788BccB+ 3c
c "
 c c
c  c c
c 0  
c 9 c    c c  c
c
 c c
c  cc
c
 c 1  c 1 c c

c cc 
c cc cc
c   c # cc " cc
!
c
c  c  c c c   c c 
c 
c c c
c  c
  cc
c  c 
 cPc   
c ccc
 c# c c
c
  c  c c 
c "
 c  c c
c 
c c  c c c
 c
c*':c788>+c
$c  c c
c  c 
c 
c  
c c
c  
c c 
c %c c
 c
c c c
c ccc c
cc c
c c

c C8c
0
c "
 c c
c  c c 
c  c %c c
c c c  c c
c
 c 
c %c c   c c   c 
 c 
c c
 
 cc
c  c
  c c
c  c  cc   c
=
cc c c
c  c 
cc c
c  
c
c c9 c/" c c cc
c c
c   cc  c
c
c c 
c 
ccc
c 
c*
c  
+c c  
c*
c%c
  # +c
$c c c
c
 c 
c  c c  c 
c) c=
c c
c cc
c  c # c c
c
 c    1
 c c
c c c  c c

 c  c c
c  c ?   @c c c   c 
 c ?
c
c  c c c
c  c c c    @c 2c 
c "
 c

 cc
c   c 
cc c
c c
=
 c
c c c
c c cc
c
cc  c c
0  c
c  c 1 c c
c c  ccc
c
 cc c c
c    c c
c c cc
cc c
cFc c
/ 
c 5
 
c c
c Fc 
c 
 c c 4
 c c   
c c %
c
c
 c  
 c c 
 c   
c c c  c c 
c 
c
  c 
c
c c  c c 
c 
c  c 
c c c
  c c
c  c c  c  c c   c c 
 c
  c c
c   c c 
c 
c(()c

c c  c ccc c 

cc
c cc
 c c
 c    1
 c # cc 
1 
ccc  c c

c c c  c 


c) c=
ccc
cc c c
c
c
  c " c c
c 9 c /" c c 
c   c c
c  c c

c c  &ccc cc
c  c c
c c  
 c
c c
cc
c 

c c
c
c  ccc cc
cc
c 

c c
c  c 
c c c  
"c c
c   c c c c

c c
c c c
c   c c  c c    c c 
c
%c
c

c # c c  c
 c   c c c
c  c 
c c
c

 c  
&c c c  c 
c   c c
c  c c
c c
" ccc
c ccc
c c c

cc 
 c 
c
c
c   cc ccc c  cc   c  c

c  c c
c  c c c 
c    c c c #c c c "
 c
   c 
c  c
c 
c  c c  c c
c  c  c c
c
c" ccc
c c c
c c cc c
 c
c c   c  c c  c
c  c   
 c c
 c c
c 
c  c c c   
c c
c =  
c 4
c c c  c
  cc
ccc 

c c
c c
cc c 

cc
c
c 
c c c  c    1
 c
c 
 c 
c  c c # c c   c  c c c c 
c
 c c #c c  c  1   c c
c  c 9 c /" c c
 c c   c   c c
c   c 
 c c 

c  
c c  
c
c 
c c 

c 
c
c c 
c c  c
c    c 
c
  c cc  c" ccc  ccc
c c c
cc  c c  c
c 

c 
cc c   c c
 c  c
c
ccc c
c c   c 
c c
c c

c 6Gc
$cc
c 

c  
cc c c
c 9 c/" c   c  c
c c c
c%c c
c c
c   c 
c 

c  cc 


c
c
c  c c
c c 
ccc c   c c 
 ccc
"
 c cc c
c c c  c cc
c c c
c
 c c
c 
c 
c  c  c c 
c 
 c c 
c   c

ccc " c cc cc 
c 
c
$
c 
c c  c c 
c
c  c c  c c
c   c
  cccc
c! cc
c &ccc 
c
cc
c

c 
c  c
c  c c  c  c
c   c  1 
c c

c c
c 
c
c c "c 
c 
c   c c
c c
c
c  c
c c c  c
c

c  c c
c c

c  c c
c c9 c/" c c c
c   c 
cc c
c
 c c
c   c c c  c !" c c  c c   c

 cc
c

c  c c
c c " c c c
c  c c c c
c
 c  c 
c  c c
c  c 
c  c  1 c c
c
 c c c  c c c  c c  c c c c
  c 
c  c c
c c c c
c
c
cc c
c cc  c cc

cc 
c
c   c
c
c  c
 c c c c c
c
c c
c  c c #c c
c 
 c
 1   1  &c c c 

c c   c 
 c c
c 9 c
/" c
c   c c # c c  c

c c c 
c  c c
c
 c" ccc
cc c
c
c c
   cc c c

c   c c


c  cc 
c
c c c
c cc  c
 1 c cc 
# 
c
c
c c 
c "
 c  # c  
1 
c c
c 
 c  1
   1  c c 
c  c 
c c c
c  c
c  c c
cccccc  c 
 c c
cc c
c
Fc7c  c c
c c" c*
c c 
c+c
Fc c '   c c  c  c c
c c " c


c*:
 c 
1 
+c
Fc,c. c c  c 1 cc  c c

c c" ccc


c cc*
cccc
 c c
c +c
c
c ccc c
c  
c c" ccc cc

c  c  c c c


c  c c
c  c   
c
  c c
c c" c
 c
cFc 
c 
 c c4
 c
c
Fc c
c/ 
c5
 
cc  c" c c
c c c   c 
c
c
c c
  c c c
 cc c
.c 
c  c c
c  c c
c  c " c c c
c  c c


c
c c ccc 
c1c 
cc
c cc c
c
  c c
c   cc c c
c c
?c  c c
c  c " c c 
 c c 
c   c c
c
 c c
c c" @c*.

c=c7886c6+ >cc c   c c

c   ccc
c  c c
c  c

c 67c
c 
c  c c c c c
c 
 c  1 c c
c c c
c " c  # c c ?@c c 
c 

c c c


c
 c 
c  c  #c
c c c
c  c  c c c  c
 c   c c ?@c c c c   c   c c  c
c  c   c c 
  c
c 
 c  c 1c     c  c 1
   c
cccc c
c c c cc  cc
 c  c c

c c c  c   cc c c


c c  c
c c
c 
c  c
   c c
c  c c  c c
 c c  
c c
 c c   
c c
c c  c c
c
 c

cc c c
c 

cc
c c c
c   c c   cc$c c
c
c c c
c c" c 
c   cc   c &ccc

c c c
c cc "c   c cc
c c c c
 
 c c
c  c c c  
c  c c
c  c c  c "c
cc
c) c=
cc
c  c c
c cc
c c
  
 cc cc
c
c
-c c 
c
c  c c  c " c c c   c c c c c
#ccc 
c
c c c  c
c  c  
c c  c c 
 c c c
c  c 
c  c c c  c " c c  c c
 c  c c # c c    c    c c
c
  c
 
ccc   c2c
c  c c
c
 c
c  c c
cc  c
c 

c c
c9 c/" c c

c   c 
c 
c=
cc c   cc c  c
c
! 
 c
c  c 
cc
?c ccc c  c
c c c
c c" c c
c c
c c
c c cc cc
c   c c
c  cc

c c c
c 
# 
@c*=!5$788C+ 7c
c 
c  c c c  c
c  
# 
c c c
c  c c c
c
  c 
c c c c
c 
 c  1 c " c 
" c 
c
" c 
 
c c
c  
c  c c
c c  
c c
c
  c 
cc cccc  c" c c
c c

 
c  
c c
c  c 
 
c c $c c c  c
c
   c  c c  c c
c # c c    c c c  c c
  cc  c"  ccc
c c
c c   c#  cc

c  c c
c cc
c c c c  c
c 
 c  1    c c c  
c c

  c  c 
c " c 
 
c c
c  
# 
c c c  c
c
 c c  c
c  c c
c c c
c  c c
c
 ccc  c
c   c c
c  c c
c  c  
c  c  c
c
  c"c 
ccc
c  c9 c/" c c
c  c"c

ccc
 c c
c c c
c c" cccc c

c  c  c c


c  c c  c  c 
c  
c   cc
0 c
c  c c
c c" c "c 

c c c     c c


c

c 6 c
 c 
 
c c
c 
# 
c 
 
c c c c c
c
 c c c
c c
c
c c c   c c
c  c
ccc# c c
c
c9 c/" c  cc c cc  c  c
cc c c
 c c c 
c c cc 
c  
c =
c
c  c c 
c  c c

 c c   c  c c
c 
 c c 
c 
  c c 
c
  ccc 

c cc c
'c c 
c  c c    c c    c c
c 
 c c
c

c  
c c c c c   c 
c   c c  c
 "c 
 cc

ccc
c c c   c
c   c

c %c c
c  c 9 c /" c c  c c c c  # c
 
1 
cc   cc
c  c c   ccc
c 
cc
c
 c c 
 cc
c   cc  cc   cc
c c 
c
 c c  c 
c 
c

c  c c 
 c c
c  c c  c c  c 
c "
 c c
c

 c  c   c   cc
ccc
cc
c c
c
ccc
c c cc c c   c
c c c
c c
" ccc cc
c  c c c
c c
 cc

c
c " c 

c  


c
c c  c 
c 
c
 
cc c cc
cc c   c
c   c 1
 c c c  c c  c c
c  c   c c c
c 
 c
 1   c
.c
c    c c c 
 c
c  c c
c  c c
 
cc
c c c
c 
# 
cc c
c c c c

c cc
ccc c
c c
c 
c c c 
c  c   c
c  c c
c 
# 
c " c

 
c   c
c  c 1 c ccc
c
c# c c
 c c    c c
c c  c c
c  c c  c 
c
 
c   c c
c  c c $
c  c  c c 
c  c c 
c
 c  c c
c  
# 
c c c 
c  c c
c  c
  
 c c  c c
c 
c  c
   c c   c 
c c c


c c
c c 
cc  c c
c   c 
c 

c 
c
c c9 c/" cc  c
c c c
c cc   c c

c c  c "c 

c c
c  
# 
c c   c  c
 
 cc   
c  cc c  cc cc
c  c  c
" cc 
c 
c cc"c c"c 
c cc
c
 cc c
c
c c 
c 
c 
c
.  c
c  c!cc
c c ccc
cc%
c ?c c
c
c cc
c c cc
c  c c"c9 c/" c
 cc  c ccc ccc@c*c.

c=c7886c7Gc+ >c
cc   cc c c
c9 c/" c cc  c
cc

c c c   c c
c   c c c
c
 c 
c  c c
 c c
c   c 
c 
ccccc c
c  cc   c
c
c  c
c
c# c c
c c

c 6,c
c  c 
c c c c 
c  
c  c
c 
 c c
c
 ccc
c
 c c
c c
c   c  c
cc c
c c
 c
c  c 
c c  c 
c  ccc

c c c
c # c
c%cc c
c 
c # c c %c c  
c
c  c c   c c
c

 c  
c c 

c c
c 
c c c  c c c
  c c
c  c  c
= 
c
c # c c %c c c 
# c   c
  c  c 
c  c  c  c  c c 
c

ccc
 c c
cc c
c cc
ccc
c
c c
c c
c    c 
c c  c
c   ccc
c c c  c
  c

c c c   c
c 
cc" c c
c9 c/" cc
c 
c  c c #c c
c ! c 
# c c 0 c   c c

c cc  cc
c
 c c2
 
c  ccc c
c

c cc
c
 c c
ccc
ccc
cccc

c# c 2c ccc
c
c ccc
c c9 c/" c
c ) c =
c c  c c #c c
c 
 c   
c c
   c    cc
c
 c c
c   cc
c 
 cc
c
  cc
c
 c c
c
  c c
c  c
c
$c
c
c c
c c9 c/" cc c  c# cc
c   c
c


c c   c    c c 


 c c
c  c  
c 
c
) c =
c  c  c c
c # c    c c 
c

#  c c
c# c    c

c c   c 
c  c c
c 
 c 
c 
c 
 c " c
 
cc
c   cc
c 
 c   cc
cccc c
c
c 
 c 
c  c    c c -c c 
c   c c 
c

c c c
c  c
 cc # c 
c cc  c cc
c
 c 
c    c 
cc   c
0c  c  cc cc c c
c# c c%c
cc
cc
c  c c
c c c 
c 
  c
c 

c c " c
c   c  cc 
ccc c
c  cc  c
c   c c
 c
c cc
c
 c c
c
&ccc c  ccc
cc
c
c  ccc
c
c
 c c
cc  ccc cc
  cc
ccc
c c c%cc
  cc cc   c c

c cc
c  cc  c #c c
c# c
0c  c c
c c c %c c  c  
c c
 c 
# c
c "  c c 
 c c 
c 

c
c c

 c
# ccc c   c
c# c c%c cc   cc
c
 c c
cc
c
c 
c C8c Uc c
c c
  c c
c  c c  c c
c     c "  c
  
 cccccc
c
 c c
ccc
 c c
cc
c
c c
c
 cc  c c
c cccc
cc  cc c
c
 cc c
ccc
c
 c c
c
c  cc   c c
c
 c c
cccc c c
c
 c ccc
c    c c

c 63c

c cc   c 
c  c 1 c c
c 
# 
cc
c
c ccc    c 
 cc   
c

c c c   c  c  
c  c
c 
 c c
c
  c   cc
c ccc
 c c  c
  
c c
c cc c c
c    c c
c c cc
c c  c 
c c $c c
c 
 c   
c c
c   
c
c c c
c c
B,cc
c %c c
c0  
cc.  c 
cc
c c c) c. 
c
c

c
c c %cc
c0  
cccc c c
c   c

 cc
cc
c0  c c.  c 
c 
c)'D$ c*) c c'
#  c c
c
<+c c   c c 
c   c c
c 
c c  c c c

cc
c c c) c. 
ccc   c
c %c c
c 0  
c c .  c  
c c
c c c .  c
F#  c c 
c )'D$ c c c    c c  c   c  
c c
=
c 5! c c c '
 c  c c ! c  
c c 
c  c c
c
 cc
c
c 
cccc
ccc c
 cc%c

 c c  c  c
c c c  c  c c c c 
c
 c   cc  c c c
c  c 
cc   c

c c  1   c c
c.  c 
c
c c 
c c
c   c
c
c 
c(()c
$c  
c c
c %c 6Gc c  c c  c c   c c
c 
c c
c c
c 0  
c c .  c  
c c c c c c 
c
 c c  c c
c c c
c0  
c
c
c 
c
" c
 c
c ! c c  c c c c  c  c c !  c c
  c c c 
c 
c c
c .  c  
c c
c  c 
c  
c
) cccc
c c  c c
c%c8Gcc  c c
cc
 c
c  c    c c   
c c   c c 

c

c c c  
c   c c 
c   c 

c c 
c
 
cc   c

c c c
c 

 c c  c
c c 
c  c c 
 c c
c
 c  
 c  
c  c  c c "c 
c   c c c
c
    c 
c c  c
c c 
c 

c c
c    c c c 
c c
 cc
c  cc
c 
c cc  cc  c  
 c c
c
ccc 
cc
 cc
cc# cc cc  cc
 c 1  cc

cc
c   c  cc 

c
c
?$ 
c     c c   c  c c c   c  
c  
c
 c c 
c c 
c c c 
 c 
c c c
c 
c  c
 #ccc
 c 
c c c
c cc cc  c  c


c c @*$
c .c CB+ Bc c c c  c 
c
c c c
c
 c 
c " c  1  c c
c  c c  c
c c
c
   c 
&ccc
c " c c  cc  ccc
c c c c

c  
c c  c c c  c c
c 
c 

c  
c c
c
  c

c   c c 

c 
c c
c   c 
ccc
c
c 

c c

c  cc
c 
c c
c 

c c
c   c cc 
c

c c
  c 
c c
c 
c c
c    c c c c 
c
c

c 6>c
 c cc ccc c cc  c c
c  c
c
cc
c 
&cc c
c c
c
cc
c   c
c  c c c  
c c c  c
c " c c  c
 
 c 
c 
c(()c cccc   c 
 c c
c cc
c
 c c c c
c 
  c c c  c c   c c
c
   c 
c 

c# c 
c cc
c! c  c
c

cc c
c0  
c.  c 
cc
c) c. 
c

c  
c 
c  
c 
c ) c . 
,7c  c c 
c c c
c  c

c  c c  c c  c c   c c  
 c c c
 
cc 
c
c  c c .c 
c c c 
c 
c   c c
c  c
c  
c c 
c
&c  c
c   c  
c c
c    c 
c  c c
c 
c

 c
c =
c c  c  
c  c
c 
 c   c c 
  # c 
c c
c
c  ccc    c"  1 
c    c c   c c    c
"  c 
 c    c c
c
c c c "c 
c 
c  c
 c
c c '
 c  c c c c  c
c 
 c  
c c c

 cc
c cc cc
c  c   c  cc c c

c c c  cc


c
 c 
cc
F c
c c c   c  1 
 c# cc# ccc
c
 
c  c c
c
c c
c 
c
c   c c
c cc
 c
cccc 
cc c
c
cc c
c c c
c 
c 
c c    c
c 
cc    cc
 c  c
 c c
c   cc ccc
cc$c

cc c c


c   c
c 
 c  c
c   c c 

c 
c c c
c 
 c
c cc 

c c
c c c

c c c  c c
c .  c  
c "c   c c $c 5 Cc c c
c

 c  
1   1   c c c 
 c c 
 c  " c 
#  c
2c c c c 
c "
 c c
c c  c c
c  c
 c c  c c
c 
 c c
c  c  
 c c  1  c
 cc c
c
 c 
#  c 
c c c
c 
c c 
c c c
c
   ccc
c c  c  c c
c 

c c
c    c cc
c

 c
cc c c c
c0  
ccc  cc c  c 
 c
  c 
 c
 c c# c  cc cccc c
c 
c
c
c   cccc c 
cc c

c c c
c0  
ccc
c ccc  c
c cc  c
c  c c   c  
c  c c  c  c  c
c 
c 

c  
c 
c c c c
c  c c   c c
c    c 
c
 cc c
c
c
 cc
c
$c c 
c"
 c cc
cc c
c0  
cc>c c
$ c)ccccc=
cc   @c
$ c))cccc= c 
c c
c.  cc
cF 
c
$ c)))ccFcc5 
c c0

c

c 6Bc
$ c)4cc # cc
 c c0

cc.c
$ c4cccFcc5 
c 
c.  c.  c

c c c  c c 
c  c c  c  c c  c c  c 
c "
 c

 c c  # c 
cc c c c 
c c c
c0  
ccc   c
cc!
c
c
c c
c
=
cc   c
/c c cc:
 c   1   c
c 
cc
c c 
c
cc
cc c
c cc  c
c  c c  c 
c c
/ cc
c c cc  c ccc 
c c c
c  
c  c c c c c 
c 
c 
c  
c c
c  c c c
" c  c
c
Fc7cc  c " c c
c   c
Fc cc.
cc   c

c c
c cc cc
c !c c
c  c ccc 
cc

 c c  ccc c
c  ccc  c c
c 
c
c
!c 
c c  
c 
c 
c 
c 
c  c 
c c
c  
c 
c  c
 c c
c    c
c c  c c
c  c c  c  c 
c
 
cccc
c
= c 
c c
c.  cc
cF 
c
/c c cc:
 c 
c1c   c
/ ccc
c cc c c  c
c   cc  cc c
c
 c  
 c   c c
c
c 
c 

c c
c ) c . 
c c .c
c  c c
cc  cc
c   c c
c
c
Fc7cc.  cF 
cc 
c 
 c
Fc cc. cF 
 c
Fc,cc) cF 
 c
Fc3ccF c cF 
c
cc c
c c c
c 

c  c c
c 
c c
c
c ) c . 
c c c 

c c .&c c  c
c 
  c c
c  c
  c c c 
 cc
cc 
 cc
c   c c
c  c c  c c c "
 c  c c
c  
c  c 
c  c
 c
c  c 
cc c  c cc 
c c  c  c c
  cccc
c
c 

c 
c c
c   c c
c
)))cFcc 
c c 

c
/c c cc5 
c c 

c   c


/ c c
c  c "c c c 
c
c  c  
 c  
c c
 c c
c 
c c 

c  c


c
Fc7cc:c  cc 
c 
c  
c

c 6Cc
Fc ccFcc 
c c 

c   c


Fc,cc 
cc"! c 
c

c  c c c  
c   c c 
c c 
c !c 
c 

c c
c
) c. 
cc
c c
ccc  cccc
c cc
 c  1  c c
c  c  c c
c  c 

c c
    c 
cc   c cc cc
c  cc %cc c
 c cc
c
)4c  cc'
 c c0

cc.c
/cc:
 c 
c 

c 
cc.c
/ cc
c c cc c c
cc c 
c  
c   c
c 
c 

c  
 c c
c ) c . 
c c .c c c 
 c c 
c


c 
cc
c
Fc7c1ccc c 
cc
c c c 

c
Fc c1cc  cc  c 
c
c
B3cc
c %c c
c cc  cc9 c
c
.$:$.F :)A$.)/-c0 c$c.$:: :$c
c
c c c   c c 9 c c c c
c 
c c  c c
 
c c  
c  c c
c c c
c c 
c  c c c
c


 c
c %c c
c  c c
c  c   c c  c c  
c
 c c c  c c 
c c!  cccc cc$ 
cc
c c c  2c  
c  c c 
c 
c  
c
!  c c c
  c c c c 
c c  c  
 c
  c c
c   cc
c cc ! cc c
 c c
c c c
 c c
c c c c c c c c 
 c
c c


 c
c  c 
c  c 
c c c  c 
c c " c  c c
 c  "c c c !c  c  
c   c 
c c ! 
c c

 c cc ccc c 


c c 
c

c
c 
c c
c ccc
ccc  c

cc
cc
cc2c cc   cc c c
c .c
c  
c   c c 9 c  c c  c c
c  c c c
0 cc.  c= 19 cc!  ccc   c  c
c 1
2
c
c  c c    c c 9 c c c 78B/c c
c    c c
/ c c  c  c c ) c 9 c
c 
c c  c c
78B c c c c %c c  c
c :c    c c
c  c c
   cc9 cc c
c   c 
cc " ccc  
c
c78BCc
c
c c  cc
c:c*%c c78B7+c c
c
  c 
c'
c
   cc78C,cc
c  c 
cc
c
c c cc 
c
ccc
c 
c  c c
c c

c 66c
$c c c
c  c c 9 c H
c c )" c c  c
c
# c 
c c "
 c c   c
c  c c
c " c c
c
 cc cccc  c c c" 1  cc
c 
 c
c c9 c." c   c
  c'
c
5  c c: c9 c)" c c ccc 
c  c
c
 c c=
c5! 1  cc c'
 cc cc ccc! c
c   c c
c   c
c 
 c c F c c H c  c
 
c c
c 
c c  c   c c -c c
c  c
c
   c c / c  c
c 
 c c c  c c     c c c
 " c  c
c cB>1BBc
c 
 c 
c  
c  c c
c c c
c  c c c c
  c c 
c "c c c
c  c 
c .)9c c
c    c c
/ cc78>8c  c
c
c  c c
c 
 c c
c   c
c 78C7c c  c
c  
 c c
c %c 
" c 
c  c
 1c
c 
cc c c 

 c cc"c%c  c%c
 cc
c
 c c
c  c c
c  c

c  c  1c  c   
c c
c  c

c c
cc
 c c
c 

c c    c   ccc


 c cc cc
 c  cc c c cc c ccc
c  c c
 
c c
c c c   c c   c c c c c
c

c c c   c  c c  &c c
c   c c c
c c c c  c &c c 
c  
c "c c c  c  c c c
cc
 cc cc
c   c c
c
c
c 78C,c c  c
c    c c
c 
c c c c  c c c 78CBc c

c
c'
c c  cV$Vcccc
c 
 cc
c 
c  c c

c c c c c 
c c  c c c c 
c c  c
 
c c c  
c

c 
c c c 
  c c "  c c   c
c c ccc c 
cc2
 c  c  c78C,cc$  cc
 c  c 
c c
c   c . c c )  c c
c
 
 c
c
 c
c 
 c   cc  
c  c
c 
ccc
 c"ccc cc  cc
c   c c c c
c
c
c 7867c c 
c '
c c  c V;Vc   c  c  
 c 
c 
c c
  c 
cc
cc c
c c c"  c c
 ccc
c    c c %c c
c 
  c c
c  c c 0c  c 
c
 c 
" cc
c'
cV;Vc c!c cc cc$  cc
c c cc
 c   cc
c cc c%cc c
c
c c c c c "c  
c c   c c
c  c c c c c
c

c  c   c  c 
c '
c ?;@c c
c 
c c  c
  
 c 
c c  
c c     c c   c c  c
c
 
 c c
cc c c c
c788Gcc cc
c
c'
c c  cV.Vccc
 cc c c
c
  c c
c
c 
c 
c cc c
c   c   c
c
c
c c c  c  c
c c ccc 
c c

c 
c c 
c
c   c 
c 

c  c c .c

c 68c
  c "c c "c
c   c c
c  c c   c
cc c c c  cc  c c c 
c
c c
c c c5# c c cc.  c
c 788Cc c  c 
c  c c   c 
c 
c c  c c c
 c c
c c c   c   " c c c c c c  c
 c c
c 
c c
c  c c c  c
c  c c %c c c
  c
c  
c' cc
c0cc  c 
c.  c5
c
c
c 
c c c 
c   c c  c
c  c c  c c
c
ccc c cc  c
c  c   c c
c cc $  cc
 c c c
c9 c$ 
c
'cc   c c
c c 
c/c c
c c cc c
/c cc 
c   cc9 c

cc 
cc 
c cc
c cc   cc cc

c   c 


c cccc c c
c
'c cc   cc
c
c  cc
c c c cc
 c c
c 
c c  c c 
c c c  c c c  c  c c 2
 c
 cc
c
 cc
c cc
c c c
c c 
cc"
 c
   c   c c c  c c c 
c  c c c    c
 c c  c c c   c c
c  c  c ! c 
c  
c 
c
 c c
c  c c c #c c   c c
c c  c c 
c
c  c
cc 
 cc c
ccc 
c c c 
cc
# c c  cc
c cccc
c 
c 
c  
c  c  c  c  c c c  c
 
ccc  cc
c c
c  c c
c c c #c
c
c  c c
c # c c c  
c c
c   
c c 
c 

c c c
 
cc
c c  c ccc
c

cc
-   c c  c ccc 
cc
-   c c  c
c ccc c
.  c 
c
c
.$5'/c0 c$..)/-c
c  c 
c c c c 
c  c "c c c
c c c  cc
9 c/" c9 c)" c9 c$
 cc9 c= c
c
= :$c0 c$.F$.)/-c
c c
c c c
c   c
c   c c
c  c c
 cc c  cc
c cc
c   c cc" c*
c

c c 
" c  c 
c   +c
c *!
c c c c
+c
c   c  c c c   c c c
c   c 
 c
# c
  cc  
 c# cc0c 
cc
c   cc
9 c 2c    cc
cc  c
c c c 
c
 c  c c 
 c c 
c c
c 
 c c
c  c  1
#  c c
c   c c
5/0 /c0 c':/= )/-$c
/;D F)4/cH - :$ c0 c$c.$:: :$c

c 8Gc
' c   c c
c  c  
c 
c c  c c 
c  c
 c c 

c c   c  c   c 
 c 
 c c # c
  c c
c    c  c c ! c
  c c c c  c c
   c
)c cc  c   c
c  c c
c c c
 c
cc c  
c cc
 c c
c  cc
c
c
 c c
c   c c  c 
cccc c
) c
c  c c c  c c    c    c c
  cc cc   
c c 
  cc c cc
 c  c
  c c c  c 
c  c  c c  c c    c c c
  c c
c 

c c
c  cc
)   c
c
c
ccc
c c c
c   c
/c c 
c
c  c  1#  c   c c 
c c c c
c%
c cc 
#cc c
 c
c   c c
c
" cc
 c

 c c c    c c  
 c c  c 
 c c
 1 c 
c "c    c  " 
c  c c
c  c c

 c c
c
/c  c c c  c c c  
 c c c 
c c
 c c c  c  c    c
c  c  c   c c
 c c  cc
c  c 
cc
.  c
c  c c  c c
c  c c 
c  c
c
 c c    c  c  c c  1 c c c
c 
 c c
c
 
c c c
0 c   c  c c  1 c  c 
c c c   c c
c
#  c"c
 cc
c   c
c  cc
c c
0 %cc c! c c
 cc
c#  c   c
cc c
 c   c  c
' c 
 c c  c  c c c 
c 
c c "

c
 c
c
 c cEc cc
cc 
 c c #c
:  c c  1#  c 
 c
c 
 c 
c c c
  c
c cc 
c
c
/;D F)4/c'/:c$W/c0 c$c.$:: :$c
c
':)5 :c$W/c
.  c  c " c c 
c c  c  c   c

 c   cc
c 
c 
c " cc # c
  c c   c  c " c 
 c c  c c c
   c
c   c cc#  c! 
c
' c c 
c  c
c 
 c ! 
c c   c 
c c
 c  c 
 c
c c 
 c 
 c  c c
c  cc  c
: c
c  c  c   c c 
c c c  c c c  
c
  cc c%
cc 
#c

c 87c
)c c
c  c    c c c  
c c
c c
c = 
 c   c c
 c c  c c #c c
c   c c     c 

c   c c

c
:  c 
c 
c c
c   c  c c c     c  
c c
c
  c 
c# c 
#  1 
c
c
 H-0/c$W/c
0 c
c  c c 
 cc   c cc   c
c
c c c
c  c c
c   c 
c c
c  c c
   c c
c c c " c
' cc
c c

c 
cc
 ccc c
c ccc c
c  c cc   c
 c
c  c" c c
c c
" cc
 cc c
c c
c c 
c c c
' c c 
c  c
c 
 c ! 
c 
 c  c
c c  
c   c   c c 
 c 
c Ec  
c   c 
c
c  c
: c c 
c
c  c   c c 
c c c  c c  
c
  cc#cc c%
cc 
#c
c
F :. :c$W/c
0 c   c  c c  1 c c c
c  c  c c
 c  c c c c  c # c  " c c  
c   c c c

c 
c c c
  c  
c c   c  c " c  c c 
 c c  c
   c
c   c cc#  cc " 
cc
c  c ccc c
  c
' c 
 c c  c  c c c 
c 
c c "

c
 c
c
 c cEc cc
cc 
 c c #c
' ccc c   c c  cc
ccc#c c
c
 c
c c 
c  c c 
c 
c 
c # c  c c c   c
 c   c c c  c 
c  c  c c
c  c c
c

 ccc 
c
/cc
c  c  1#  cc cc c 
ccc c
%
c cc 
#c
c
.$:F/c$W/c

 c c c    c c  c 
 c c  1 c 
c
"c   ccc c#  c  cc c c 
c c c
ccc 
c  cc
c  cc
 c c
.  c
c  c c  c c c c 
c  c
c  c
c   c  c c 1 c
c c cc   c c c 
c

c c
c 
c c c
/c  c c c  c c c  
 c c c 
c c
 ccc c c   c
c c c  cc c
c  cc
c  c 
cc
:
c c 
c c
c  c c
c  c   c
c  c c
c
 c c c    c c c    c 
 c 
c # c  c

c 8 c
  c c  cc c c 
c c cc   cc

 ccc 
c
)c
c  c  
 c c
c   c  c 
 c 
 c c
c c c c    c 
c c   c  
c c  c
  
cc
c  
 c c
c c 
cc
c
9)-F/c$W/c
c  c c
c 
c 
c 
c 
c
c
'
cc
c c
c  
cc
c
c c c
c c c   c c 9 c c c 73c  
c c 0c 

c 3c c c
 c 
c c .  c  
c ) c   c = c c ' c c
c
0&ccccc" cc cc5" c= cc5# c5" c
c9 cc c  
cc 

c 
cc
c c c%c c

c c
c
0).)')-$c0 c=/:5$.)/-cH - :$c
0  
c.  c 
c
c c 3c  c c =
c 5! c   c * c %+c Fc c
c'
 c 
c. 
cc 
c 
c* c%+cc'
c 
c c
c
.  c c
c F 
c * c %+c c c  
c  c
c c  c c c
 c  c 
c cccc cc#c c
cc  
c
c
0  
c) c)
#c
c  
cc ccc cc.c c 
cc c
c
c

 cc  c c


c 
 ccc cc
c 
 c cc
 c c  c  c 
c 'c 0  c c )
#c c 
c  c
 c c
c  c  
c c
c c c #c
c 
 c c c !c

cc c%c
c
0  
c   c= c
c  "c3c c c
c cc c%c c
c c
c
0  
c' cc
c0c
cc  
c "c c   cc
c   c  c
c 
c cc
 c 
c c
c   c 
cc
c c cccc c
c
c c c
c cc
c c
c c c
c c 
ccc

c
c
 ccc
c c
c cc c
c c 
c c
c c
c  cc9 cc  
c c
ccc   c  c c

c
 c 
c 
c cc
 cc
c c c c c
c
 c 
c c cc
cc c c c cc c!  c
c c c c   c c " c 
c c  "c c c  c c 
c
 c %c c
c c c c "c
c  c  c  c c 
c  c
c c
c  c  
c c
c
0  
c5" c

c 8,c
.c c 3c  c c 

c c
c c  c %c c
c c c c
 
c c
c c" c" cc
c cc
cc c "

c
 
cc 
c  c  
c"
c

c 
 c c" c
c# c# c
c
0  
c= c
c  
c  c ,c  c c 

c c  c c  c %c c


c
c c 

c
c c " c c c c c = c H
c    c c
!  c cF " cccc5 " &cc
  &ccc/ cc= c
5 c
c
c
c
0  
c5# c5" cc9 c
c  
c c c ,c  c c  c c # c " c c

 c cc c c%cc 

c)  cc
c. c  cc
c  c  c c c 
 c 
c  c c c c "

c  c c
!cccEc c
 c" ccc cc
cccc 
c c

c  c c  c


c c c c  c %c c c
c  c

 c 5" c c
c :
 c c  c 
c  c   c c

 c c  c c %c c ! c c c  c # c c
c 
 c
"  cc c c " c
 cc= 
cc c%c
c  c c
c
 c 5# c . 
c  c c  c # c c c
c  c c
 cc c
cc cEc  
c c
 cc9 cc c
 c cc c
c   cc  c
c
0).)')-$c9)5).$c

c
c c c  cCc  
c c cc
 c  c c%cc
%c  c  c cc c " c"  cc
 cc c 
c
c  
c
 c 5# c c )  c c 9 c  c c c  
c c  c 
c
 c%cc 
 c c
c
 c 
cc c 
c
c
0  
c9 cH
c
c 

c c c  c 2 c 


c  c c
c c c c 

c c 
c
c 
 c   c c  c c
c    c " c c
c
9 c
c
0  
cF 
c9 c
.c c c 
c  c c 

c c 
c c %c c
c c c  c 
c


c c 
 c
  c c
c c cc 
c c
c
cc
  
c
  c
c c c
c  
c   c c 
cc c

c  c   c 


c  c c 
c 
c c
c 
 c c
c  c c
 c cc c
c c 
c c cc0cc c
c c"c
  ccc   c cc 
c c
cc   c
c
0  
c9 c)" c

c 83c
c  
c c c >c  c  c c c
c c c
c " c
 c c
c 9 c )" c )c c ))c c c
c  c )" c c  c
c
   c c   c 
  c c
c  c c
c 
c c
c
c " c c 
c 

c c 
 c "  c c  c c c
c
 c c  c
c 9 c 
c  c 
c c
c 9 c c .  c c c
c 2
 c  c c  c c 
c  c c
c  c c
c 
c
 
c
c # c c c  c c c
c  c c    c c
c
c 
cc
c
 c c   c c c
c c c
c

 c c
c c " c c c "  c c
 c c c  c

c cc  c " c  c
c
0  
c9 c$
 c
c 

c c  
c c #c c Cc  c c c c  c 9 c
$
 c.
 c9 c $
 c.  c c .c  ccc

c " c  c c 

c
c  c c
c # c 
 c c 9 cc
c  c c 
c c c
c  c c c  
c  c c
  c " c "  c c c  c # c c 
c  c c
c 
 c c 
 c
 c
cc c c cc
 c
 ccc
c
c# c  cc
c

 c c
c 
 c c $c c  c 

c  


c

 c c
c #  c
" c c 
c c   c 
c #  c

c c
ccc
c   c

c  c
c  c c
c  c c 5# c / c 5# c

  cc5# c c cc.  cc c c
 c

c   c  c  c 


c 

c c 
 c c
c   
c
#  c c "
 c 
c c c  c # c c 
c "
 c c c
c 
 c
  c c
c
 c
c
 c cccc 
c
c# c
 c
cc
 cc
c  cc
c cc
cccc c c5# c
c cc.  cc c
c
c cc " c  c c
c
 
 c c   c  
 c c  c c
c # c
  c c"
 c
c2
 c c
c9 c$ 
ccc   c cc cc"c
  c 
c c 
c c c  
c c $c #c c 

c c   c c
c
 c c c  c  
c 

 c
c    c c c c
c
ccc c
c   c c  ccc c
 c
c 
c

c c   c c
cc c c
c
0  
c9 c= c
c  
c c 

c c #c c Bc  c  c c c 


c c
c
 c 
c 
 c )c c ))c  c
c  c c
c  " c c c

 c c
c  c 
c 
 c  c c
c 
 c c c c
 cc
  ccc
c   c 1 c c   c
 " c c cc
 c

c c
c  c)cc))cc 

cc cc c%c c


c cc
c  c)cc c
c c c
c c " c
c c c c

 
c c
c  
 c c  c 
 
c c c  c ))c c  c
c
  
c # c   c cc 

c
c 
 c
  c c
c
  c c c
 
cc c c  c 
c

c 8>c

c c
c   c0 " cc cc cc c%c " c

c ccc"cc
 cc
c
 c c
c# c 1 cc

c  c c c 0 " c )c c  c


c  c c
c #  c c
c # c
 c c
c "
 c " c  "c
c c c c * 
c


c 
  c c c
c c c 
 +c c
c # c 
  c c c
0 " c ))c c  c
c  c 
 
c c
c 
c   c c " c
 c c c
c  
c c c "  c c
 c  c c

c c c c
c   c c"c  cc
c
 cc
c
 c c
c c cc
c   c c
c c c
c
0  
c9 c/" c
c  
c c c >c  c c c 9 c /" c )c ))c c )))c c c
cc cc c%c cc " c" c c c
c  
cc c
c
 c c  c
c c " c c  c c    c  c c
 c  c c   c  c c c  " c c c     c
"  c c
 c c  
c c  c
c    c c 
 c " c
 
 cc c" c
c c %c c c
c  c c $"
 c /" c
c 
c  c c " c
 c c c
c   cc 
 c c
c  
c
= 
c c
c  c ;  c * c %+c c 

c
c  c
 c c
c  c  
 c   c c  c 
c  c c
c
  c 
c c
c  c 
c   c
c   c c c
 
ccc
  
 c
c
0  
c5# c c)  cc9 c
c  
cc 

c c c
c cc cc " c  ccc
c c%c 
cc
cc c cc
cc"  c

c
0c
c c%cc 

c
c c)  cc
c  
 c
c 
c
 c    c c  ccc  cc
c c   c c  c
c
c cc c    c c c c
c   c c c 
c
 
c  cc c 
 c" cc
cccc
 c c
c c%cc
c
c"  c

c  c
c cc  ccc
    c c 
c  c c c c c   c c c  c 
 c
c
  c   c 
cc
c9 c$
 cc)" ccc
"  c

c c   ccc " c c  
c

cc c  cc

c c cc   c  c


cc c
cc c
c  c c c %c c 

c
c  c c 5# c c )  c c
9 c )c c ))c  c
c  c 
c c c c c
c 
c c
  c 
c c   c 
c  c c c c c  
c  c c
c

 c 
  c c 
c c c
c  c  c #  c c c c
%
c cc 
#c
c  c
c
c c
ccc c
c c c
 c c   c c   c c 
c
 c c c
c c c c #c
 c c c c   c c  c c 
c c 
  c c 
c
 c c 
  c  c 
 c 
c # c  c c   c
c

 ccc 
c
c

c 8Bc
c c %c  "c 
c c c c c 

c
c "  c

c  c c

c
c   c    c c F 
c 9 c c c  c 5# c c
)  c c 9 c )))c c  c %c  c 
c 

c 
c Fc c
0 
c c 
  c c
c c
c 
c c  c
c
 c 
c c c
  cc 
 c c c 
c
c
$ c/ c
c 
ccc'
c c  c c c ccc"c2c
c
  c c  c . c c c
c  c "c c  c 
c  c %c c
c
cc c c  cc
c c
! 
 c 
c
c
c
B>cc
c %c c
c cc) c9 c
c
.$:$.F :)A$.)/-c0 c$c.$:: :$c
c
0 $:://c<)F/:)./c0 c$c - W$-A$c0 c$c)-H -) :)$c9)5).$c
c  c c  c  c  c c
c 2
 c c #  c 
c  
c
()(cc
c c
c c cccc  c cc  cc
c
'c E c 5

c -c 
c ) c F 
 c c 5 c c 7666c c .c
c 
c c c  
c c  c  " c c 
c # c c
 c   
c' cc78G c
c'c$ c-c   c
c c
 c c 
c  
c c c 
c 
c c   c c F 
c c
. 
c'  cc0   c cHcccc-cc
cc " c

c 
c c  c  c   c 
 c *
c 77Uc c
c # +c
 " c 
c

c cc
c    c c
c ccc
c  c c  c" c
c c
<c* +c
c cc c c78G>cc 
c   cc
c c c
 c c c  cc cc    c  cc c

cc
c

 cc
c  
c cc c c  
c c
c  cc
  c c
c
c c 

c c c ,c c c c   c c 


c  c c
c
  c c
c  
cc  c
cc 
c
c c c
cc c
c    c c
c c   
ccc!  c c783Gc
cc c 

c c
c c  c  c c78>Gc
cc 
cc 

c c
c  c c
c  c
c 
c  cc c c78>Gc
c
c  c c c   c c
c %c  
 c   c
c  
c
 
c 
c
c
c9 c)  
cDccc#cc ccc c c
5
c
   c 5" c .
 c '  c c
c '  c 9 c
9 c$
 cF#  c c
c

c   c 

c c
c   c cccccc   cc c
   c  c c c c 
c  
c c #c 
c  c c
c  
c
! c c c
c 
c c c  c c
c c 
 c c c
 c ccc!c
" c ccccV/
cc)  
c.  Vc  cc
F cc7686c

c 8Cc
' c   c 
c 

c c
c   c  c  c c
  c c c  c
c c ! c c
c c c c "  c
c
 c c c  c  c c  c c
c    c 
c c
c
c c
c    c 
 c
'c
c 
 c 
c 
c
c "
 c 
 c

c c
c  
c c c
 c c  c c c

 c  
c c c  c c  c
c
 c 
c  
c c c c  
 c c   c 
c 
c 
c
 c   c c
c  
 c c c

 c  
c - c

 c
c %c c
c  c  c  c
c 
 c c
c

 cc
/ c  c
c  c  c c  c
c  
c ! c c c c
 c c   c c   c c c  c  
c *   c
  c 
 c   c  +c c  c c
c  c   c c c
c
c   c c  cc cc   c   c c
c 
c
c
ccccc$cc78 ,c c
c c!c cc  
cV'  
c
c.  
c   Vc  ccT
IcE ccc5 c$ c
c   c c
c/ c  cc
c
c c c  c
c c
c c  
c c c  c c c c  c c   c c
c
c 
c! cc-ccc c   c cc
 c   c  
"c  c c c  
 c
 
cc
c
  c c
c   c 
c
c  
c 
 c c

cc cc 
 cc cc
$c c c783>c ccc   cc
c   c c
c c

  c c  c c
c 
c
c  c ) c c .
c c c
  c c 'c c c  
 c
c ))c Hc 5 
c c  c
c  c c
  c   c 
c 
c c c 

c c   c  # c


 c
c c c 
 c c
c  c c  c c
c

 c 


c cc'c

cc  c 
c   c c  
c c
. # c$
 cc."
 ccc   ccc
c  
c
$c  c c
c #  c 
c >Gc  c c c c c
c  c 
c  c
 c c  c  c c c c
c  c 
c  
c c c  c

c%
c c
cccc cc c ccc
c #cc
  cc%
ccc c ccccccc  c 
cc c
 c c c "c   
 c c
c 
 c c 
c  
c c  c c
=c c Fc 5 
 c 5" c c $"
 c c  c c .c 

c
 c
c

 cc 
c 

c c
c  c c
c  cc
cccc c
c c  cc c
c c 
c 
 c   c c
c c
   c " c c  c c 
c c c c 
" c #c c

cc 
c
c/ c  c
c
c

cc c
c 
 c   c cccc   ccc
c c
c
c   c   c c
c  
c ;
 c c 5 
c c c
/ c  cF " c$
 c: c9 cc) cc
.
cc c ccc
c
c"
 c 
c  c 
c c  cc
 c  cc#c
c

c 86c
c c c c
c   c c   c c c
c #  c c
 c 
 c c
c  
 c c c c c  c c   c c c
  c  
c c 
c c
c 
c c  c c
c c c
c
c 

 c
c
':)-.)'$ c0 =).) -.)$c0 F .F$0$c -c/cH:$0$0/c
$
c  c c
c
c.cc
c   c   cc
c c 
c
c
c
  
cc
' c   ccc c    ccc c   
c
'cc cc
c!c
0 c c 

c
'c   c c
c
c" c c
c c
' cc c"
 c  cc
cc c   c
=
c c  c 
cccc c
'cc c
c#  c c  c
'c   ccc c
c  c
c c
c c
 c 
c#  c  cc#c 
c    c ccc cc
 
c 
c !  c  c c  
c c 
c  c c
 c" c c
 c   c c
c c
  c c
c cc
c
=
c c " cc c cc  ccc c
c
F -0 -.)$c$.F$ c -c$c - W$-A$c0 c$c)-H -) :)$c9)5).$c
c
c ! c c #  c
c   c  c  
c c 
c 

c
! c 
c  c c c    c c
c   c c "c
c  c  c c
c 
 c c
c  c c
c   c c
c c! c cc

c  c c  c c


 c c c  c
c "c c
c  c # c 
 c c   c  
c  c c
c
  c c
c   
c %c
c c c c
c
! 
 c cccc

c   c c  cc   cc 


c 

c  1#  c


 c

c
c  c c  c c  c c c 
c c   c
" cc  
c   c# cc
c
 c c
c   c" ccc
 c cccc
c
c 
 c cc    cc cc

c   c cc c


c
c c c   c   c c  c
c c  c c
c  c
 c   
c  c
c  c  
 c
c 
  c
c  c c
c
 c c
c 
c
c
c
c c  c c "c  c c
c   c 
c  c c !c c
c
c c   c c  cc
c  c c  c c c c  
c c

  cc c X  c
c  c  c c
c
c   cc# c cc
" 
cc

cc   c 


c c  c! c c
c
 c
c
/;D F/c0 c$c':/= )/-c

c 88c

c   
c  c c
c   c c c  c  c  c c   c
  c cc  c c
c 
 c c
c c"cc 
c c

c"! c  cc


c c  c 
 c
c  cc
cc c c/ c)  
c
cc c
c 
c
"c ccc  c c c c cc  cc
 ccc c  cc c

c V) c $ c c ) c 9 Vc c   c
c  c  c c

c # c   c c c c ) c 9 c c


c  c c c  c c
c

 c c
c   c c
c  c c
c cc
c
 c cc
c  c 
  c c  c c
c 
c
c  c c c c
 c c
c c c c  ccc cc  cc  c
cc
c 
 c c c
c  c 
c  c  c  c c  c


c c %c c


c 
 c 
c  c c
c  c 
 c c #
cc
$ "c c c  c #
c c
c c
c  c c
c 
c c 
c
  c c   c c   c  c  c 
c  c  c c
  cc
c  c c
c  cc   c
 c

c " c c c 
c ) c 9 c  c c c 
 c 
c
  c c
c   c c
'  c c
c
'  c c cc c 
c c
c  c
cc  
cc  
c
c   c 
c c
'  c c
c ccc
c   c
2 c!  c
c   c ccc   c
c   c c c  c 
c c c  c " c

2 c" c c
c c
'  c c c
'  c c   cc c
. cc
 c c  c c c 
 c
F c ccc c
c
.c c   c
.c c%c c
.
c
 
c
 c# cc c  c
.
c
#  c
c   c
 c
c   c 
c  c
c
.$5'/c0 c$..)/-c
c c     c  
c 
c  c  c "c 
 c c 
c 
 c c
c
c  
 cc
c c ccc
c c 
 c c c c    c  c 
c 
 c
c  c
c  cc cc
 c 
c
c  c c  cc
c
"  c c    c   c c
c !  c c c 
 c c 
c

c 7GGc
 c
c c c  c c 

c
c
c c
 c"  cc
c
c
c   c  ccc cc  c 
c
:  # ccc   c5%c
 c
c
c c
c cc
c# c
  c
./-c c $c 4)F$c c c  c c  c c   c Vc Vc  c c 
c c c
V  Vc
c 
c cc &cc cVcVc ccc cc    ccc
#c
 cc"c   cc  c c
cc c  ccc 
c
 c 
c c c
./-c c c /)0/c c c 
c c 
c Vc Vc  c "c  c c ! c c c
 c c cc  c c
c  c &cc #cVcVc c
c  c c
cc
#  ccc c"c c  c
./-c c F$.F/c c $
c V Vc c c 
#  cc c  c c c  c c
  c c  c c cc ccc 
cc &cV
 Vc
c
c  c
c  c cc
c  c ccc c cc c
./-cc c/=$F/ccc c c  ccc 
c
#  cVc 
Vc c c

c c&cc c cV
Vccc c c  c cc c
c  
ccc
 c
./-c c HF/c c  c c VVc c 
c c c  c  c c c c c

  &ccc
c   c
" cc c
c   c
c c c
 c c c
c cc c  c2c
ccc  cV" 
Vc
-c c
c c   c c  c c  c
c  c 
c  c
 c#cc c cc# c c
cc   c cc
c
c  c 
c  c
c  
c
c  c
;
 c c 
c
;
 c cc

 c c

 c c
4
  c c c cc  c
4
  c cc cc 
cc   c c  c
;
 c  c
0c  c
cc  ccc 

cc
c
 c cc ccc
  c
c c c c 
c  c c  cc c
c cc
c  c %c c 

c  c 


c c  
c c 
c c
 c 
c
c
= :$c0 c$.F$.)/-c0 c)-H -) :/c9)5)./c
cc c c c
c    c 
c  c cc 

cc cc
  
cccc   c c   c %cc 

cc c c

cc$c   cc   c
c c
ccc  cc
cc
c  cc  c
c
c  c c 
c 
c  c  c c  c c 
c 
c c

cc
c c c
c  cc
c  c cc c
c cc 
c
 c c
c   c c
c 
c   c
c c c   c
  c 
c   c c
c  c  c c   c 
c  c c
 c
c    c c c  c  c c c c c c  c 
c  c
 c c 
  cc
ccccc 
c c  ccc   c
 #cc 
c c   cc c!  c c

c 7G7c
0

c c  c c 


c # c 
 c c  c  c c    c
c
2 c cc  cc
c c c
c ccc
c c 
c
 c c c c c
c c c c c  c c  c 

c 
c
 c   c c
c  c c  cccc c ccc c c
c c  
c c c
c c  c c $c
c     c c %c c 

c

c  "c c  c c 
c %c c  c c 
c &c c 
c %c c
 c cc!ccc
c! cc
c   c cc
cc 
 cc
c
 c cc
c  c cc "c cc
c cc
c c
c  c c c c  c 
c %c c  c c 
c 
c
c %c

 c  cc
c  c c
cc
c!c
c  c c
%c  
c   c 
c !c
c  c c  
 c c  c c
  c
cc c  c c c
#  c c &cc
c %c 
c
 c c
 c
 c
c  c ccc 
 c c  cc
c c c
 c c
c
c c c
c   c 
c  c  c c  c c c  c
c
c  cc
c 

c cc c c  c


c"c
  ccc
c %ccc 
c cc c cc
c
  c c
 
ccc  cc
c  c c c c c  cc
c c c 
cc
 c
c c  cc   c 
cc

c    c c  
c " c c  c  c
c # c c
%c c
c  c c c c c "c 
c  c c 
c c c
 c  c 
c c c c c c c c c  c c 
c
  
c
c 
 cc

c
c
c
c
5/0 /c0 c':/= )/-$c
c
c c c c c  
c c
c c c  c c

  c 
c c ccc ccc c " 
c
 cc
c

c c
c  c
c c c c    c   c c c  c c
c
 c 
cc
'c c
c   c c c 
c  
c c 
c #  c c c
c c c c c
cc  c  c
c 

c cc   c cc  cc


c
  c c
c.  c c
cF#  c c
c" c cc c cc 
c cc
 c c
cc
c  cc
.ccc c   c  cc"c c
0
c c c 
 c 
c c  c "c 
c c  c c
c 
c
  c c   c" cc c
c 
c c 
 c cc# c
.c c   c c c   c c  c c
c c c c
  ccc c  c
c 
 c cc 
ccc   c
c c
c c c 

 c c  c  


c c c
c   c
  c
c
.  c c
c c  
c
0c
c
c

! 
c

c 7G c

 c
 c   c
 cc
c c
  c

c
 c
'  c c c   c
c c "c 
c c c c
c

 c 
c  cc  cc
c c  c
c
c
/;D F)4/cH - :$ c 0.$F)4/c
=c  c c
. c cc
c   cc  ccc  cc
cc"c
 
c c  c   c  c c  c
c    c c   c c
  
c
c  c  c cc c
 cc0 ccc c
cc  c  c
ccc cc   c  c 
c c cc

c    c 
c  
c  c c 
#  c c c #c 
c "
 c c
  c c cc c 
cc cc
c# c
c c
'  c 
c " c  
c c
c :
 c c 
c
c "c c 
c
 c  c c
 c 
c 
c c c c 
c  c c   c c
  cc  
cc 


cc 
 c   c
. c
c
c c  c
c 
 c c c c c c
c 
 c c
c
 c c   c 
c cc   c
/c cc  c c
c
cc
c# ccc  c cc   c

 cc
c  c c
.c c 
c  c c   c c 
 c "  c  
c c c
 c    c c #c c c c  c   # c  c c c  
c


c c   c c  c 
c "! c
c   c c c #  c c
 c
c c 

cc   c c



cc
c  c
 c c   c
 
c
.cc c 

c
  # cc c
 c cc#c c
c   c c 

c
 c 

c c c 
" c c     c 

c
c   c c c c  c c c c c c " c


c c   c c c 
 c   
c "c  c c c   cc
 c    c c
c   c 

c ccc
.c c  c c
c  c  c c c   c c c c  c
  c c  c c
c   c 

c c  c c
c  c c
c
 c c c c c c
 c c  
cc c c
c  c cc

c c   c c
c  c 
#  c cc c#  1  cc

 cc
c
 c cc 
c c c
c cc cc   c
c
c c cc c  c
c
 c c  c cc c c c
c
 c 
c  c c
 
 c c
c  c# c 
c c cc cc c
c   c
c !c c
  c c   c c c 
c c   c c   c c 
c 
c

c 
c cc
c
 cc#c cc   cc
cc c
 cc
c

 cc! c c c c c ccc
c    c c 
c 
c


1   c

c 7G,c
 
 c c
c   c cc
c
cc
c c cc#c
c c    c c  c
c   c  
c c 
c   c c
 
ccc c c c c 
 c
<  c c 
 c 
 c 
c   c c #c c c c
 
c c c 
c c c  c  
c c 
  c  c c
c
  c ccc 
  cc
c 

c cc c
 cc#c 
c
 
c

1   c
. c c
c  c c
c 
c  c c 
c c c c c c
ccc
c
 cc   cc
cc"  c " c c c cc
#c c c
c   c c  c  c
c 
 c c c  
 c 
c
 c
c c
. c c
c  c ccc 
c c cc
c cc
c
 c 
c
c   c c     c c  c  c c c c c
c c
   c c 
 cc c c  c 
c c cc  
cc#c c

c    cc cc ccc cc


c cc c
c
. c c c
c 
c  
c   c c 

c c #c c
c

 c c # c c "
 c    c c
c  c c 
c c
c 
 c
 c c
cc#  c cccc"c cc
cc
c
c
/;D F)4/cH - :$ c)-F:.F)4/c
cc#c c
c c    c 
c 
c c cc
c  c c
c cc  c c

c c c  
c    c
c c  c c   c c c  c 
c
 c  
c

c c c  
c    c
c
c " c c
c  c c
c  c

c  c c c "c  c c 
c c "  c c  c *c c c
%
c cc 
#+cc4
c  c
cc
c c 
cc%
c  c c
2c c 
c c
 cc 
#c

ccc   c
c c%
cc
c cc  cc c c

c
 c c c#  c cc ccc#c c
c! c
c c

c c  
c cc  1#  c

c c c  
c    c
c    c c  c c 
c c 
cc

 c c c c cc  c c c c c c
c   c c c
 c

ccc  
c   c
c   c c) c cc  c c
c c c
c c c 
 cc  cc c
c c
$
ccc 
c   c# c c"
 c  cc  c
c c
%c c  c c c c 
c c  c c c  
c " c
 c %c c! c c
 c
c c c  c cc   
c
c c c  c c
c 
c
c
c   c c
cc  c  c

ccc 
c   c
c   c c
c  c c
c# c c
c
 c c cc
c   c c c cccc
c
 c
c 

c   
c  c   c #  1  c c   c  1

 c

c 7G3c
$
c
c #  c c  
 c 0  
c c c  
c    c c 
c 
c
 c c  c c  c 

c c
c   c c  c c c
c
    c"c
cc c
  c c
c   c c c
$
c c c  
c    c
c    c c  c " c c  c c
 c c 

c
c "c c  c
c  c  
c c

 c 
c   c  c c 
c c  c  c c  c c
c
 c" c c %c

c c c  
c    c   c #  1  c c 
 c c 
c

c  
c c  c c  c c c c  c  
 c c
  c 
c c c   cc
c  c cc

c c c  
c    c
c  c c   c c c
 c c
 c

cc
c 
c ccc<c
c 
c c
 cc c
c
c c cc c c
cc   c c

ccc 
c   c
cc   c cc 
 cc c
c

 c c
c "
 c  c  1 c c   
 c 
 c c
 c  c   c  
 c c   c  
c c 
c c  c
 c c c 
 c c
c  c c c c
c "c    c
 
c

c c c  
c    c
c    c c  c c  c   c c
c
 c c
c
c   c c
c cc
c c c

cc ccc
c
c c c c

c c c  
c    c
c    c c  c c  c   c cc
c 
 c c 
c 
c   c c  c c 
c  c

 ccc  c c
c 
c   
c

c c c  
c    c
c   c c c c .  c ;" c .  cc
 
cc< cc c c c   cc
c 
 c c 
c
cc
cc 
ccc ccc  c c
c   c c
  cc 
c
c
  c cc cc  c  c c
c
c   cc
 c  
 c
c 

c c
c c c
'  c   c c c cc  cc
cc cc
c

c c c
c ccc c   c c
cc c

c c   c
cc 
c c  c c0  c c' cc
*0'+cc
c
 cc  c c
c

c c c  
c    c
c    c c
c  " c c 
c 
c
  c c
ccc
c c c ccc cc cccc

c c c  cc


  c

ccc 
c   c
c c c
cc 
c 
ccc
c"
 c c

c
c c 
 c c c
c   c c
c  
c c  c c c

 cc
c c
' cc
c
 c c
c   c c
c  c 
cc
c c
c
c c ccc
cc
c cc  c c c 
 c

cccc 
c   c
c  
cc c  c  c c
  c c  c c
c  c c  c c  c c c   c 
c
cc  c c c c 
c ccc  c 
c c
c c
cc
cc c
c
c c c

c 7G>c
$
ccc 
c   c
cc c c  c  cc cc

c c  


 c
c  c c
c
c
c  c c c
  cc 
cc c c   c

ccc 
c   c
c   c c  
c   
c  cc
 cc
c c cc
 c "c
c
c  c   c c
c

c
c  c 
cc   
c c
c# c c
c   c
c
c" c cc  c cc cc  c

c 
c
c   
c
c
c  c
$
c
c  c 
 c c
c ccc"c c c

c   c cc c 


cccc 
c   c c
c   cc
c" c
c c c c
c c c   c " c c
c c  c c
c  c
   c
$
c 
c  c c
c  c   # 
c c  c c
  c ccc cc 
c   c c cc#c ccc
 c
c  ccc  
c   c c   c c 
 c   c
c c  
c
c
/;D F)4/c'/:c$W/c0 c$c.$:: :$c
/;D F)4/c'$:$c c':)5 :c$W/c
$
c 
 c
c c%c
c c cc c c
7c $
c c c c  
c    c
c  c c
c c
c = c c
c 9 c
  
c c c   c c
c 
c " c c
c ) c c ' c 
c
"
 c c
cc 
c c
c   c cc#c c
c    c c
c c" cccc cccc c
c    c c
cc cc cccc cc c
c
 c
c c  
c c c 
c c c    c c 
c 
c c c
c !
c 
c  c c c
c  c c
c c  
c 
c c 
c
 c c
cc

c "
 c c c  c 
 c  c c  c 2 c c c c
 
 c
c  c 
c cc c  c Pcc
c c
c   c
cc
c 
 cc
cc 
c c   c cc
cc
c   ccc
c
c c 
 c c 
c 
c c  c ! c c c
c  c 
cc
 c c
c.  ccc 
c   c
c c c c c
c c c  c
c   cc c
c  c c 
c cc c2c " c
c  c c
  c c cc c   cc c c c
c  c 
  c c 
c 
 c c c c c 
c 
 c c
c
 c c*  cc
 
+cc

 c c c c c  
c    c
c 
 c 
 c c
  ccc  cc c c
cc c$  ccc
  c c c
c c    c c c ' c c c
c   c c
c
 cccc
cc
c
cc
 c c
c
,c.  ccc 
c   c
cc 
cc c
c   c c c
c c c
c    c c
c
c
 c c
c cc  c cc
 c c

c 7GBc
c  
c 
ccc cc
c c
c  c c 
 cc c c c  ccc c cc
cc c
 c c c
c c c  cc<  c c
c c
c 
 c 
c c
0   ccc 
c   c
c ccc  c"c cc
c   c
c &ccc
c  cc c c 
c

c " c


3c$
ccc 
c   c
c   cc  c c
c=
c5! cc

c!
 c 
c
c  c 
c c cc c
c c 
c cc

c cc c cc c 


c c
cccc cc
ccc
  cc   c
c
c
/;D F)4/c'$:$c c H-0/c$W/c
$ "c c  c 
c
c c     c 
 c c  c c 
c  c
%c 
c 
 c 
c  c %c 
c  c c c c  c c 
c
c
 c 

 c c c
c c   c c 
c c c 
c c
 c  ccc
 cc cc c c
7c$
ccc 
cc   c
c  c
cc   c" c c
c= c

c9 c
c   cc
c) c c' &c c
c c c
$
c
cc c 
 cc
cc c cc   c
c   c
cc 
 c

c # c   c 
c c c c c 
c c c c
 c c c
c cccc   c
 c c  
c  c  c 
c c c
c   
c  c c  c

  cc
c"cc c"
 c ccc  c  cccc
  c"c 
c c
cccc
c
c $
c c c  
c    c
c    c 
c 5! 1  c c
c

c 
c  c5 c
c
c"
 c c
c c  cc 
 c c
c   c "c
cc
c!
 c c
c  c cc 

c
0c c c 
c c c   c
c c c c  c c
c  cc
   c 
c  
c 
c  
c c c  c 
c  
c c  c

 c
c
/;D F)4/c'$:$c cF :. :c$W/c
$ "c c  c 
c
c     c 
 c c  c c
c %c
 c
c 
 c
c c%c
c c ccc  c c
c
cc
 c 

 cc
c c  c c
ccc
cc c
 ccc
 cc cc c c
7c $
c c c  
c    c
c  c
c c    c c
c  c
 c c
c c c
0 cc
cc   c 
cc# c c
c cc
c c
#c
.

c
cc
cc# c c
c  
c   c#  1  c
!
c c c  c 
c c
c  c   
c   
c c c
  c
c  c   c c
c  
c c  c c c c  c
c
 c c c c  c 
c c c 
c  c 
c  c c c

c 7GCc
 cc
ccc cc  c c
c c c   c c 
 c
 cccc cc
c c c c
)   c
c c  c 
c c c   c c 
c c #c  c

ccc
c  ccc
c  c cc

c
c c c c c  c c c c c 
c 

c c  c c
ccc  c c
c c c
cc   cc  c

c c c   c Pc c 
c c
c   c c
c 
 c 
c 
c
 c   c
c
c$
ccc  
c   c
c   c" c c
c c cc c
  cc#c c

c"
 c c c c c ccc c 
cc   
c

c "
 c c 
 c c  c c  c c 
 c c c  c  c c
c
  c c c
c  c 
 cc
c
 c   c c
cc cc
cc
c ccc c  c

c "
 c c 
 c c  c c  c  " c c c 
 c
 ccc c
ccc c c c
c   c c
,c $
c c c  
c    c
c  c
c c    c c
c  c c
#c c
c  c c
c"
 c c 1 cc  
 c
 c
c  c  c c c   c c 
c c c  c  c c c 
c c
c
 ccc c"c   c 
c

c
c c   cc c  
c   
cc
c c cc
 c

c"
 c c
c  c  c c
c
c
c    cc"
 c c
c
c" c cc  c c

c 
c c  c c # c  c c 
c "
 c c  c  
c c
2
 
c
$
c
c  c c c  cccc cc c   c
3c $
c c c  
c    c
c    c 
c 5! 1  c c
c

c 
c  c5 c
c 
c "
 c c
c  c c  
 c   c   c 
c 

c
 
 c c c c c
c c "c # c c 
c c c   c


c
c c   c c 
c
c c 
 c c  c    c c 
c
 
c 
c  
c c c #c c   c c 
c  
c c  c

 c
c
/;D F)4/c'$:$c c.$:F/c$W/c
$ "c c  c 
c
c     c 
 c c  c c
c %c
 c 
c 
 c 
c c %c 
c  c c c c  c c 
c
c
 c 

 cc
c c  c c
ccc
cc c
 ccc
 cc cc c c
7c $
c c c  
c    c
c  c c    c c
c ) c c ' c
c
c c c

c 7G6c
.  c c  
c %
 c c c c
  c   c c
c
 c c# ccc   c!
 cc 
 c c  
c c c
 cPc
c c  cc
cc c
c

c
c   c c
c c
c c
cc
c  c 
c
 c 2c
c  c c c 
 c c 2c
c  c c c
c c
c c c   c
c c c# cc   c!
 c
cc 
 c c
c c%
 c c
c
)   c
c c  c 
c  c c 
 c c 
c c
c  c
  c c c 
c 
c   c c  c  c c c c c c

c   c c 
 c 
c c
c  c 
c  c  c  c c
c
 cccc
c
 c c c
  
 c
c $
c c c  
c    c
c  c c    c c  c c
c
 
cc#c c
c 
 c    c c
c  
c c 
c c
c c c  c
  ccc   c " ccc  cc
c  c

 c
c # c c  c   c "c    c c  c c c
"
 c
 c" c c
c c c  c 
  c
,c $
c c c c  
c    c
c
c c    c c
c  c c
  c c c
c c c
c  c cc c c
c 
 c    c c
c c c  c c 
c  c c c
 c
3c$
ccc 
c   c
c   c" c c
c  c cc#c
c
c   c c
c  c c 
 c c c c 
 c  c c
 c
c
>c $
c c c  
c    c
c    c " c c
c  c c  c
  cc#c c

c"
 cc
c
 c c
c cc 
 c"c c c c c

cc
c   c c c
!
c 
c  c c   c
c  c c
c  c c c c 
c
 c c
c c c 
 c c  c c 
c 
c c
  c c c    c c 
c c
c
/;D F)4/c'$:$c c9)-F/c$W/c
$
c 
 c 
c  c %c 
c  c c c c c %c c
c c c

 ccc!cc
c 
c 
c 
c
c
'$-c0 c':/. /c0/. -F c
c
$c   c c c c 
c c  c  c
c  c 
  c
c
c
c 
c c  c
c
c
c
c

c 7G8c
-c
2c
c
c
c
-c c
c 0  
<c F<c c c c %0   c c
%<c cc

cc c%.
'" 
!c= 
c  !c= 
c  Fc
.$%c$  # 7 ,3>Fc
<..'F.'.'.'.'.'75! c    6 6>B73 ,G111
77 117 31B313G11111 ) c )
 3 311 31111117BG1B31111111,  c =  78 78 11
78 1111118B18B111111135 1  66 6683676B11177 1178 18B1111111>=  c
H
3 3>B7G8 BB117  116G17331111111B0 CGCG1111CG1111CG111111111
C=9;B ,B ,73G8G78678>117 ,117781 631 G111116$
 c c ' ,>B,>B8 1 B31
111116G17,G111B316 8'  c)9  67 67C6173G763>1111111176>18B111c c

c 77Gc
c
c
c
c
-c
2c
c
c
c
-c c
c 0  
<c F<c c c c %0   c c
%<c c
c c c %.
'" c  !c = 
c   !c = 
c
 Fc
.$%c$  # 7 ,3>Fc
<..'F1.'.'.'.'.'7G) cc
c5 
7C77C7>33G,B3711,1111
11B317GC11177/c ' c  C67C67786, ,BGC>77B11111111,G 1,7 17BC17 = c 0c
$763763B61C 3311117 ,33>1111CG17731117,)c 0c
'  >36 G66 G6G 3 ,3G17 7 7 7666,7 77 >, B3 7Bc 66G73'c 'c
0B B 11B 1111111111111B 1<c Fc c
 B , ,68 876,3 78,B337 >> ,3G1118,, 7 68G766668,7 6G>>, ,C> 7Bc
66GF
c c!c
= c0c 7,11B> Fc c!= c0  
111111F
c cc
0c B777 7/  c
cc 

c
78 c c
c " c 3,c c 3>c c c c c c  c c c cc
  cc%cccc
, c
, c
B3c
, c
,

c 777c
/; :4$.)/- c
c
c     c c 

c c 
c c
c  
 c c c 
c c c 

c
 c 
c
c  c c c   c cccc   c

c 
c c 
 ccc
 cc c ccc 
c    c
c c c     c c 0c c c c
c c 
c c c "c c c
c c c
cc
c
c7cc c 
c
cc  c

cc c 
cc 
c cc c c
c  
c) c c
' c c c cccc
 cccc c'"  c
c
c
':)-.)'$ c0).)')-$cKcc'$' c -c c'$-c0 c F0)/c
c
c  
c  
cc
c
7c5$:()5/c
c
. ccc"
 c c c
c
 c "c
c 

c c
c
  c c
c # c c 
c c c
c :
 c .c c
c  c c
c
   c c c c 
c c  c c
c   c ! 1
  c
c 
 c
 
cc
c
c c
c.  cc
cF 
cc
c  c 
c  c
c  c

c c cc.ccc
ccc 

c
c c c
c
   cc ccc  cc
c !c  
c
c
c': '$:$.)/-c'$:$c$c0 = -$c
c
: c 
c  c c c c  c  1
 c  c c c
c

c 
cc    c cc   c 

c c
cccc
c
c 
c c
c    c c c c c 

c
c   c c  
c c
 c
c c  
c  c  c
 c c
c  c c c c c
 
cc.cc  cc 2ccc cc c c  cc
 c ccc
c  
 c c cc c   cc c  
cc
c  c c c   c c c
c c c c   c
 c  c
c  
c c
c c  c  c   c c
c c
 
c
c
,c5$F 5$F).$c
c
c  c c
c  c c c "

c  
c "

c 
c   c
 
c   c   c c   c c  
c "
c

c c c

 c "c 
c c
c    c c "
 c c
c c  c c
 ccccc
c c c c 
c  c c
c
c
3c=)).$cH - :$c
c

c 77 c
c  
c c
c   
c c c
c = c 5 " c
" c = c
5
 
c F " c
  c c  
c c
c 
   c c
 " cc " &cccc
 cc
c c c c 
c  c c
c c c c c c  c  c c 
c  c  " 1
" c 
c

 # c c 
c  " 1 " c    c  c c c 

c c
c
  c c  c c 
 c 
c  c c c c
c c c   c c
c

 cc
c cc
c cc
c
c c
c  ccc
c 
 c
c
cc
c
>c=-0$5 -F/c9)5)./cKc;)//H)./c
c
c  
c c  c 
c  c c
c c  c  1 c c
 
 c "c  c c
c   c c  c c c c
c    c c
 c 
 c c $c #c c 

c c c
c  c c c  
c c  c 
c
"
 c c  ccc c c
c    c ccc   cc c
c   c    c
 c
c
':)-.)')/c0 c)-H -) :)$c9)5).$c
c
'c
c c c
 c ccc cc c " c#  cc
c " c
 cc
c) c9 c
c
Cc/' :$.)/- cKc':/. /c-)F$:)/c
c
'c
c    c c !
c
c 
  c c c c   c c
  c 
cccc
c c" c"c cc
c)  c9 c

c cc=
c c
 cF c c.
c0
 c$ c  c c
c c
c c c
c ) c c
c  c  c  c c c
c
 c   c c 
c "

c c 
c "
 c c
c  c c
c : c
9 c c c ;  c "c  c c c  
c 
c  "c
c c 
c
 c ccc 
c
c
6c$-$))c0 c':/. /c
c
. c
c cc
c c
c#  c cc  c   c c# c
# cc  c c c   cc c
c 
 c" c c

c c c  c "c  c c


c   c c
c  
 c c c
 c
c
c
c
c
8c)-H -) :)$c0 c/c5$F :)$ c
c
c 

c c c
c   c 
 c c
c  
c  c c  c
c
c 
 c  
c c
c  c c c  c c  c c cc
 c
cc c c cc   c " c c cc  cc
c. c

c 77,c
c
7Gc=-0$5 -F/c0 c$F/5$F)A$.)/-c
c
$ c
c
c 
c
c
#  cc  cc
c c c  c c
c ccc c c c
   c
  c)c c5 c c
.
cc' c
c
77c)-H -) :)$c0 c':/. /c
c
c  
c"c

 cc   c


c2
c 
c c
cc%c c
c c
c c " c c  
c  c c  c  c c c c 
c  c c
c
c
 cc c" cc c
ccc "  cc
c  
c
c
cc cc c c
c
 c c c % c cc c c
 cc
ccc c c   cc
ccc c 
c c
c
c cc c  c
c c  
c cc  
c
c  cc c  ccc
c c c
c c c  cc
 
c   
c c c 
 c  c c c 
 c c c c  c "c
  cc

c 

c cc 
c  
cc
c ccc
c ccc
c
"
 c c 
 c c 
c
c
 c c
c  c c cc c 
 c
c 
c c   c c
 c
 cc
c  c 
c  c c

c 

c c c  c 


 c c
c   c 
c  c c c
 c 
c
c 
c  c c  c c 
c 

c 
c  
c

1   c
c c cc
cc  c c
c  c 
 cc
c cc
'cc
c c c c  c
c c%c 
c
c c c
c
c
c"
 cc c  c c c
c c c  
cc cc
  c  c 
c  
c  c c c c c 
  c c   c

 c 
c
c c 
c "
 c c
c "  c c c    c 
 c
 
c   c
c   c c
c 
 c  c c c  
c  c c
cc
c"  c c
c   c c c 
c
c
c c

c 773c
./-.)/- c
c

c  
cc
c cc  
c
c c 
c c
c 
c
c c  c c

c  c c
c   cc c
c  c 
c  
c"c
c c %c c c
c
 c  1   c c
c c c  
c cc cc c
ccc  cc
  c 
 c c c c  c c 
c  c  c c
c c
! &c c
c   c  c c c
c  c  c c !  &cc

c c !
cc 
c 
c c   ccc  c
cc
ccc
c
c c c c
c c c  c
c c c
c  c
 
c
c c c cc
c  cc"cccc cc$c
 c c c c c 
 c c
c c
c  c c  c
c 
 c
c
c cc
c !c 
c*
c
+c c
c 
cc  c
c c
c cc
c   c
c c  cc c

&cc
c cc  c

c 
 c c
c c c  
c  c
c   c c 
c
%c c  c  
cc c 
 c
cc
.  c c c "
 c c
c    c  #c c
c 
  c c
"c c c 
c %c  
c c c  c c  
c c  c c
 c c
c &c c
c  c c
c  c c c c
  
c c   # c

c c   &c c
c
   c c
c
 cc   ccc   c
cc c
c cc 
c c
c
c c" c  cc" &cccc2
 c
c c
  c cc
c

 c  1 
c  cc  c c
c c
c c 
  c c   c  c
c   c
cc
c 
 cc
c c 
c %c  
cc
cc 
c  c
c
cccc  
 c
c
c 
c  c c
c
c
c  c
c 
c  
c 
c  c  1   c c 
c  c  
c
c c c !c c
c   
c c 
c

c c   &c c 
c  c c 
c
c c
c# ccc
 c cc c c     cc    &cc
cc

c %c 
c 
c c  c c c
c c c  
c c  c c
  c c
c
 c  c c
  cc  c
c 
c c c c  c
c 
 c  c c c ! c
 cc 
c c c  
cc c
c 
c  c c %c  
c c c 
c c c  c c  "c c


c
c 
 c 
c c c
c 
c ccc
c

ccc c c    c c c cc
c 
  c 
c
 c c 
c c  c c
c c c c c   c c c  c
!  c c%c
cc   c  
c"c   c  c
c  c c
c 
cc cc

c c c ccc cc


c c c
c   cc
c c c

c   cc ccc


c c
c  
c c
 c cc c c   c
c  c c
c   c
 cc cc
c cc
c   cc
c%c
c
 c

c  c c
c 
c c 
c  c c
c  c
c  c c  c  2c
 c   c c &c c  c c c   c c 
c
  c 
c  
c c c ! c c 
c 
c c   c c

c 77>c
cc  c c c  ccc c&cc

ccc
 c  c c c 
c c "c 
c  c c
c  
c c
c
  cc c
c   cc 
 
c

c  c c c c 
c c  c c   c c c   c c c
"  c
c c c c c
c   c c . c c
c  c c
 cc  
cc  c  
c
$c
c  
cc c  c
c
" c  c
c
c 
cc
c
 c
 c  cc 
 cc; c c
c 

c 
c   c
c
c    c c c  c c c  c c 

c c 
 2c c c
 &c c c c  c  c c 
c c  c  c c 
c c
cc  c ccc  cc

c  " 


cc
c c c cc
c  
c

c  c c
c c
cc c c

c  cc  c  cc


 c
 c  cc
c  
ccc c  c 
c
0cc
 c
c  
c
 c 
#  c
c  c c
c  c  c
c
 c cc"  cccc c  c c
c cc
c
 c 
c  c  c c
c c 
 c c   c c
c
c c  c c
c   c c
c  c 
ccc c c
c
c  c 
! c " c c
 c 
 c c c c
c
 c 
cc  cc c c cc
c   c

c  
c c  c c   c  c 
c ! c  c 
c  c c
c
c c 
c "
 c c
c    c c
c 
c   c 
c  c
c

c c c   c c c 
 c  
&c c c c  c c 2 c c
  c c 
 c c   c c c  c c
c  c 
c
 
ccccc
c   cc
c  
ccc c
  cc c
c cc ccc   ccc c
c c  
c c   c 
c c c c  %c 
c  c c
 c c c 
c  c c c 
c 

c c c   c


  c c c c 
 c c 
c 
c c  c c
c
 c c  c c 
    c c c c 
c c  c 
c
  ccc  c   
 c c
c  cc
cccc   c
cc"  cc
c
ccc

c  cc  c cc


c c
c  c  c c 
c c   c %c  
c c  c c
 cc

cccccc cc
ccc c  cc  c
c c ! c c c c   c c   c c   c c  c
 c c 
 c   
 c c c c 2
 
c c c   c


cc cccc cc
c   c 
c   c

c  
c c cc
cc  cc
cc
  
 c c c 

c c   c c  


c c  c 
c  c c
c
 
c c cc 
" cccc
c
c
c

c0 %c. 
c7888c
c

c 77Bc