Está en la página 1de 4

c  

 c
 c  c
c 
 c



   
  


  


 
c




   

 c c 

 



 
       

 




c c c 
 !
"





 
c


à  

 {  
 
 

c#$%$&'#()*+&,&+$-.$/&0.&1(0%+,$1&#2(&1-&%$#3+*$-.#&04-&5(%&+(-6$7&&,41.&11$2&
&1(0839+$.#(0:0.(0;1.*+(011$2&-&'$0&#/&0.&8<231&0/$+=#&00(-1*2$#&+$-.$+>0
'$?4$@&0?4$1(0+&%/(0:4'$1&6$$0,$%(1(#-$2#(A1(0+&%/(0B(,$+&##C-&2#*0(0%4#(
A/$+=#&0B3%(-4-D*$-.#$+>0'>1*,(?4$0$&'#()*+&&1=1&-%($-1(0/(+=#$0:(0%&%/(##(00(-
$-04+&7(#E&-&%*,(0$-(.(@(3$-.#&-,($-$1&24&,(00$+&-&0,$0'4F0370(-,$0.$.&,(0
&'#()*+&,&+$-.$$-G0$+&-&0,$$,&,:&0%#E&0-&%$-%(-'$1&6$-$2#(3&+$-4,(%(-4-&
+&-%/&=1&-%&,$=&6(:&+&,4#$H#$'#(,4%.*D&1&&1%&-H&-$-.(#-(&1(0%4&.#(&@(0371&$,&,
+>)*+&,$D*,&$0.$$-.(#-(&1(0D$*-.$&@(0:&05(%&0+(-6$,$1$,*.$##>-$($+=&#&H&,&0
04$1$-4.*1*H&#%4$D&0*-&%%$0*=1$0+*$-.#&0,&-&14H3&4-?4$1&0,$0%#*'%*(-$0/*0.C#*%&00$@&1&-
?4$/&-4.*1*H&,(1&0'1&7&0&=*$#.&0/&0.&$10*21(:

&05(%&0+(-6$,$1$,*.$##>-$(0(-&-*+&1$0,*4#-(070$&1*+$-.&-=>0*%&+$-.$,$'$%$07
+(140%(03'#*-%*'&1+$-.$'41'(0311$2&-,(&%(-04+*#/&0.&<2'(#,E&

Peligroeextinción

&5(%&+(-6$0$$-%4$-.#&,$0,$/&%$7&D&#*(0&@(0$-2#&D$¦    

3/&%$&@(0
'(=1&=&1&0&24&0,$.(,($1$,*.$##>-$(7,$1.1>-.*%(-(#.$&5#*%&-(311$2&-,(&1&0*01&0%(+(
1&0c&-&#*&03&0E%(+(&.(,&1&%(0.&-(#.$&5#*%&-&:::

{     

&5(%&+(-6$,$&I>*D*D$$-1&0&24&0%>1*,&0?4$#(,$&-$1
&#%/*'*F1&2(/&I&*&-(:4-?4$$0.>'#(/*=*,(%&'.4#&#1&0(+&.&#1&0,$0,$/&%$&@(0304
'(=1&%*C-/&,$0%$-,*,(,$5(#+&&1&#+&-.$7&/(#&0C1(?4$,&-G:8$6$+'1&#$0:

&5(%&+(-6$/&I&*&-&$0.>'#(.$2*,&'(#1&1$7,$1&0$0'$%*$0$-'$1*2#(7+&+E5$#(0$-
0*.4&%*C-,$'#(.$%%*C-:%.4&1+$-.$3$1-;+$#(,$5(%&0+(-6$$-&I&**$0,$&1#$,$,(#,$G:J
&-*+&1$0:10$#4-&$0'$%*$$-'$1*2#(3$0*1$2&1&%(0&#3%&'.4#&#(+&.&#&$0.&05(%&0$-1&0*01&0:

&05(%&0+(-6$/&I&*&-&00$#$'#(,4%$-+&7(#+$-.$$-$1-(#($0.$,$1&0*01&03$-1&H(-&,$
K&4&*L1&*01&?4$0$$-%4$-.#&+>0&1-(#.$,$.(,&0:124-&0D$%$03'4$,$-0$#D*0.&0,$0%&-0&-,(
$-1&0'1&7&0,$ &/47K&4&*3'$#(&10$#0$-0*=1$&1&0&1.$#&%*(-$03-('$#+&-$%$-+4%/(.*$+'(
&1&D*0.&:

(0$6$+'1&#$0&,41.(011$2&-&+$,*#8:G+AM'*$0B,$1&#2(7'$0&-,$G<2&88J<2A9NJ
1*=#&0B: 04&1+$-.$1&0/$+=#&00(-+>02#&-,$0?4$1(0+&%/(0:$&1*+$-.&-,$'41'(03&-24*1&03
1&-2(0.&07'$%$0%(#&1*-(0:&05(%&0+(-6$0/&I&*&-&0'4$,$-04+$#2*#0$/&0.&G+AO'*$0B
7'$#+&-$%$#=&6($1&24&/&0.&8+*-4.(0:

Peligroeextinción
&05(%&0+(-6$,$&I>*-(0(-'$1*2#(%#E.*%(,$$).*-%*C-3'$#(.(,&DE&0$%(-0*,$#&-$-'$1*2#(
,$$).*-%*C-3,$=*,(&1&4+$-.(,$1&,$'#$,&%*C-31&'$0%&&2#$0*D&&1#$,$,(#,$1&0*01&0,$
&I>*371&0&%.*D*,&,$0/4+&-&0:

{  


 

$,E&$-.#$8387839+$.#(0,$1(-2*.4,7'$0&=&4-(0G<2:4
'$1&6$$#&%&0.&@($-.(,($1%4$#'(+$-(0$-1&=&##*2&?4$$#&=1&-%(
&+&#*11$-.(:

&0%#E&0-&%E&-.(.&1+$-.$-$2#&0:&0/$+=#&0.$-E&-%4&.#(21>-,41&0
+&+&#*&03$-D$H,$,(0%(+($1#$0.(,$5(%&0:(0/>=*.(0,$
#$'#(,4%%*C-,$$0.&$0'$%*$0(-,$0%(-(%*,(031(;-*%(?4$0$0&=$$0
?4$,&=&-&14H&4-&%#E&$-.(#-(&1+$0,$,*%*$+=#$:

0.(0&-*+&1$00$&1*+$-.&=&-,$'$%$03%$5&1C'(,(07%#40.>%$(07$#&-+47&%.*D(030(=#$.(,(
,$0,$$1&+&-$%$#&1%#$';0%41(:40;-*%(0,$'#$,&,(#$0$#&-1(0.*=4#(-$0%&#*=$@(073+>0.&#,$3
$1/(+=#$:

&5(%&+(-6$,$1c&#*=$A(-&%/40.#('*%&1*0B3,$0%4=*$#.&,4#&-.$$10$24-,(D*&6$,$c#*0.C=&1
c(1C-$-G9P9311$2C&.$-$#4-&'(=1&%*C-,$8J::$#(54$#(-'#$0&5>%*1'&#&1(0%&H&,(#$0:

Peligroeextinción

c(-1&11$2&,&,$%(1(-(031&5(%&+(-6$%(+$-HC&0$#%&H&,&'(#04'*$13042#&0&7.&+=*F-%(+(
&1*+$-.(:-1(00*21(070$1&0%&H&=&'(#04$0'$#+&3?4$$#&'#(%$0&,('&#&'#(,4%*#
&%$*.$0,$14=#*%&%*C-:>0.&#,$0$2$-$#&1*HC1&*,$&,$?4$$0.&5(%&$#&4-&&+$-&H&'&#&1&
%(-0$#D&%*C-,$1(0=&-%(0,$'$%$070$*-*%*C4-&%&+'&@&0$+*(#2&-*H&,&'&#&$).$#+*-&#1&:
(0#$1&.(0,$&D*0.&+*$-.(0(%4##$-$0'(#>,*%&+$-.$3'$#(D&#*(0*-.$-.(0,$$-%(-.#&#&1&-*+&1
-(,*$#(-#$041.&,(:4-?4$0$,*%$?4$04$).*-%*C-0$,*($-$10*21('#($1&@(GPJ83F0.&54$
,$%1&#&,&(5*%*&1+$-.$$-8:

  

Êlleop ro'$#.$-$%$&12#4'(,$1(0#&-,$0&.(031
1$('&#,(%&H&,$-(%/$7'(#$1,E&#$'(0&,$$-.#$1&
D$2$.&%*C-3#&+&0(%4$D&0,$(.#(0&-*+&1$0:

&#&$11$('&#,(31(0>#=(1$00(-04%&0&3&/E,$0%&-0&-3
%&H&-724&#,&-04%(+*,&,$1(0%&##(@$#(037$-&124-(0
%&0(00*-(1$0$0'(0*=1$%&H&#3%(+$-5#4.&:

11$('&#,($0+470(1*.&#*(3$0'$%*&1+$-.$$-F'(%&0,$
#$'#(,4%%*C-?4$,4#&4-(0.#$0+$0$031&/$+=#&'4$,$.$-$#/&0.&0$*0%&%/(##(0&4-?4$1(+&0
-(#+&10(-8(:D$%$00$1$%(-54-,$%(-$124$'&#,('(#$1%(1(#,$04'$1&6$3'$#($-#$&1*,&,
0(-+47,*0.*-.(0'(#?4$$11$('&#,($0+4%/(+&0&2#$0*D(?4$$124$'&#,(7&?4$.*$-$?4$
'#(.$2$#04%(+*,&7&F1+*0+(,$1(0$(-$07*$-&0:

11$('&#,($0+47#>'*,(3%(##$&4-&D$1(%*,&,,$M8K+:"7$)%$'.4&-,(&12&.(30$&=&0.$%$
%(-+4%/&%(+*,&:*$-$G804=$0'$%*$074-&+&0?4$7&$0.&$).*-.&A$('&#,(,$&-HE=&#B
&$0'$%*$0$#E&'(0*=1$,$%1&0*5*%&%*C-$-&124-&%&.$2(#E&,$+&7(##*$02(0*-(54$#&'(#
'#(2#&+&0$0'$%E5*%(0,$+&-.$-*+*$-.(,$'(=1&%*C-(/>=*.&.:


1%(1(#,$1&'*$1D&#E&,$&+&#*11('>1*,(&%&5F#(6*H(3%(-+&-%/&0=1&-%&0$-$1'$%/(7'&#.$
*-.$#-&,$1&0$).#$+*,&,$0:-.(,($1%4$#'(.*$-$+&-%/&0-$2#&03?4$$-1(0%(0.&,(05(#+&-
#(0$.&037?4$'4$,$-'#$0$-.&#4-&(+>0+&-%/&0'$?4$@&0A((2$0.$*6-7(-,(15*3GPPB:

1'$0(,$4-6&24&#&,41.(D&,$9J&G<2,$'$-,*$-,(,$1&04=$0'$%*$3'4,*$-,(11$2&#&'$0&#
GJ<2:

41(-2*.4,$0,$G:M&8:+37.*$-$4-&1(-2$D*,&,,$8&@(0:

&0%#E&0'$#+&-$%$-%(-1&0+&,#$0,4#&-.$1(0'#*+$#(0GJ&89+$0$03&1%&-H&-,(1&+&,4#$H
0$)4&1$-.#$1(0,(07.#$0&@(0A$7+(4#3GPPB:

04-&-*+&10(1*.&#*(30&1D($-04'$#*(,(,$#$'#(,4%%*C-37'(0$$/>=*.(0-(%.4#-(0:&&24,$H&
,$0400$-.*,(0,$1(15&.(7$1(E,(7040/&=*1*,&,$0'&#&%(##$#3.#$'&#>#=(1$03-&,&#7+(D$#0$
&2&H&'&,(.#&04-&'#$0&1(%(-D*$#.$-$-$)%$1$-.$%&H&,(#:

16&24&#$0%(-0*,$#&,(4-%&#-ED(#(('(#.4-*0.&704,*$.&,$'$-,$,$1&,$-0*,&,7
,*0'(-*=*1*,&,,$1&0'#$0&0A$7+(4#3GPPB:4,*$.&*-%147$+&+E5$#(03&D$03#$'.*1$03'$%$0$
*-D$#.$=#&,(0:*-$+=&#2(3$-1&+&7(#'&#.$,$04>#$&,$,*0.#*=4%*C-1(0+&+E5$#(0+&7(#$0&
4-<*1(2#&+(37&124-(0#$'.*1$07&D$03%(-0.*.47$-1&0'#$0&0+>0%(+4-$0A%&*+&-$03+(-(03
%(%(,#*1(03.(#.42&0,$&24&7.*$##&7'$%$0BA$7+(4#3GPPB:

  

 

c(+(+>0*+'(#.&-.$$0.>1&&+$-&H&,$1&'F#,*,&,$/>=*.&.,$$0.&P.
:&0.&0&0,$
,$5(#$0.&%*C-$1$D&,&0$-+F#*%&&.*-&371&5#&2+$-.&%*C-,$1/>=*.&.7,$1&0'(=1&%*(-$0,$
6&24&#%(-D*$#.$-&$0.&$0'$%*$$-D41-$#&=1$&1/(+=#$A
(I$117Q&%<0(-GPPOB:

,$+>01&0'$#0(-&0%(+'*.$-%(-1(06&24&#$0'(#040'#$0&037&1(06&24&#$00$1$0,*0'&#&
5#$%4$-.$+$-.$3&'$0&#,$1&1$2*01&%*C-'#(.$%.(#&A
(I$117Q&%<0(-GPPOB:

1'$#,$#/>=*.&.7'#$0&03+4%/&0D$%$00$D$-(=1*2&,(0&&.&%&#&12&-&,(37$0.(%&40&?4$0$&-
'$#0$24*,(0'(#1(02&-&,$#(0:

&D41-$#&=*1*,&,,$16&24&#&1&'$#0$%4%*C-0$,$+4$0.#&'(#04,$0&'&#*%*C-,$0,$1&+*.&,,$1
0*21($-1&H(-&04#($0.$,$: :7$1-(#.$,$F)*%(A
(I$117Q&%<0(-GPPOB:

&%&H&%(+$#%*&171&%&'.4#&'(#040'*$1$00$/&#$,4%*,(,#>0.*%&+$-.$,$0,$1(0M2#&%*&0&1&0
%&+'&@&0$-%(-.#&7&1&-(#+&.*D&,$cA
(I$117Q&%<0(-GPPOB: