Shew1 David Shew Professor Renee Simms March 9, 2011 CW 160: Introduction to Poetry Edgar Allan Poe Dark«foreboding

...horror«morbid«depressing«weird«confusing«loss«death. One word can gives all these words a common factor. That word is Poe. On paper, "Poe" is just a word, it doesn't mean much. Or it can mean many things. I crater on Mercury. A common figure in the Zelda video game series.The Baltimore Ravens¶ mascot.A popular Tahitian dish. But, for writers, English students, followers of Dark Romanticism, and evenbasic scholars, the word "Poe" means so much more. "Poe" to the aforementioned people, is an icon, a person they aspire to be like, or just a very obscure person who is not and probably never will be fully understood. The word ³Poe´ to all those people refers to the famous poet, short story writer,critic, and author to a few books, known as E.A. Poe, or Edgar Allan Poe, whom most studied persons just know as Poe. For them, if someone mentioned the word Poe, they would immediately think of Edgar Allan Poe. As previously stated, Poe was a very obscure person whom many literary scholars still try to make head or tails of. The favorable reason to his macabre works is thought to be the result of having so many losses early in his life. Whatever the reason, whether it be because of inopportune deaths or just because he was sick in the head, Poe¶s works did a great deal for English literature and for scholars¶ minds. He is the most renowned writer of Dark Romanticism, namely gothic fiction. Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 to actors Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins and David Poe Jr. in Boston, Massachusetts. Infant Edgar had but a short time with his natural parents as they split up in 1810, due to Mr. Poe abandoning the family. A year after the abandonment, on January 8, 1811, Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins died from what is thought if

Tamerlane and Other Poems. A few days later. being replaced by historical romance as popularized by Sir Walter Scott. Poe¶s unofficial adoptive mother (Poe was never officially adopted by the Allans) Frances Allan. little Edgar was taken in by Frances and John Allan. and her children (Polito). Gothic fiction was said to have died out by this time. However. 1811. Poe published his second book. but it did not get much attention publically or critically (Quinn 129). Gothic fiction had begun to ascend into its most creative period (Gothic fiction). having lost much popularity as an established genre. he was forced to leave the university after only a year due to unpaid gambling debts (Polito). on January 10. After only serving two out of his enlisted five years in the United States Army. Poe entered the University of Virginia. Maria Clemm. While serving in the Army. During his stay with his aunt. In 1826. David Poe was pronounced dead from an unknown cause (Edgar Allan Poe .Wikipedia). the makeshift family moved to England.Shew2 pulmonary tuberculosis. where Edgar was introduced to Gothic fiction. readers and critics had begun to think that they had greatly overlooked many of the established works and in fact. In 1815. died and Poe made a visit to Richmond the day after her burial (Edgar Allan Poe . Between 1816 and 1820. a wealthy merchant in Richmond. in England. Though he excelled there academically. . in December 1829 (Quinn 156). Poe enlisted in the United States Army in 1827 and it was here that he published his first book.Wikipedia). Al Araaf. It was here. This book also received little recognition (Quinn 165). Poe was discharged from his position and moved to Baltimore where he stayed with his aunt. Edgar¶s father. Virginia. Tamerlane and Minor Poems. After going through such tragedy. Poe had switched from many schools in England and lived away from his foster family. and young Edgar attended school in Chelsea (Edgar Allan Poe .Wikipedia).

but he continued to write and his works were becoming recognized and praised which helped further his reputation (Edgar Allan Poe). formerly known as consumption. whom he married in 1836 (Edgar Allan Poe). It was during his time as assistant editor for the Messenger that Poe began to grow as a writer and over the next ten years he came to edit many literary journals such as Burton¶s Gentleman¶s Magazine and Graham¶s Magazine both of which were based in Philadelphia.Shew3 Poe was enlisted into West Point in March of 1830 but did not stay even a year. Poe published some of his best known works such as ³The Fall of the House of Usher´. Poe was still financially insecure. Under stress from Virginia¶s illness. This volume was dedicated to ³The U. even though he was getting a great deal of work. What is known. Poe and Virginia moved to a cottage in The Bronx. In February 1831. to this day. He got himself court-martialed and dismissed in February of 1831 (Quinn 174). New York (now known as ³Poe Cottage´) where Virginia died on January 30. Poe began to drink heavily and fell into a state of depression (Polito). When the Broadway Journal fell through in 1846.S. Poe released a third volume of poems which was simply entitled Poems. ³The Tale Tell Heart´. 1847 (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). Poe also edited the Broadway Journal in New York (Polito). and ³The Raven´ (Polito). in 1842. Virginia Clemm first showed signs of tuberculosis. Poe¶s death is. is that Poe was . still under conjecture. however. many of Poe¶s fellow cadets donated 75 cents to the cause (Quinn 176). Also during this time. There are too many unknown facts to be a hundred percent positive as to exactly how Poe died. Poe¶s wife. Through this time. He brought with him his aunt and his 12-year old cousin Virginia Clemm. Corps of Cadets´ as a thank you for many cadets¶ help in funding the publication for the book. Poe started his publishing career after he left the military and in 1835 he became the editor for the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond.

was the basis for literature¶s future detectives ± a quote from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. He was one of the first American authors of the 19th century to become more popular in Europe than in the United States (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). and hope (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore). The fictitious C. The reason Poe is still studied is that through his writing. Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?´ (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). Edgar Allan Poe¶s last words before he died were. dreary and utterly confusing.Shew4 found on the streets of Baltimore on October 3 1949. Auguste Duplinfrom Poe¶s early detective fiction tales. is that Poe was found wearing clothes that were not his own and the few times Poe was conscious in the hospital. Some of his works contain joy. Poe¶s use of technique and control of words is able to appeal to his every reader. but also because there is something in his writing for everyone. Poe¶s works became figureheads in international literature when Charles Baudelaire translated Poe¶s stories into French. The phrase ³art for art¶s sake´ came from Poe¶s tenacity to critique the effect of style and structure of a literary work (Polito). delirious and drunk. What is odd though. He was taken to Washington College Hospital where he died at 5:00 October 7. the reader is able to understand him or . ³God help my poor soul!´ Edgar Allan Poe¶s writings and works left a remarkable impact on both American and international literature. ³Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed«. and more specifically in the genres of horror and detective fiction (Polito). Poe is often credited for being the ³architect´ of the modern short story. Not all of his works are dark. which is why Poe is dutifully respected in France (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). Poe is still read in today¶s classrooms not just because his writing is renowned. passion. he would yell out ³Reynolds!´ though the meaning to the name is unclear (Quinn 639640).

The reader is able to enter and be a part of Poe¶s stories and they are reinvented inside of us all. .Shew5 herself more.

Web. <http://www. a critical biography.p. the free encyclopedia.N. .org/geninfo/poesfame.p.Poetry. Web.Wikipedia. N." Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore .org . n. 2011. 11 Mar. Web. 2011. 2011. New York: D. 11 Mar. n. "Edgar Allan Poe.. 11 Mar.>.org/wiki/Edgar_Allan_Poe#Early_life>.N.N. . <http://www. the free encyclopedia.."Poets.p."Wikipedia. Quinn. mystery books. Poems.N. Bios & More. "Edgar Allan Poe .." Wikipedia. n. <http://en. Edgar Allan Poe. AppletonCentury Online mysteries. Web.d.php/prmPID/130>.d." Mystery Net.wikipedia.Poetry.General Topics . <http://en. 1941. 2011. Bios & More.Wikipedia. Web. "Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore . 2011.poets.Shew6 Works Cited "Edgar Allan Poe.wikipedia.htm>.Edgar Allan Poe's Enduring Fame. "Gothic fiction .d. Polito.p. 11 Mar. n. 11 Mar.. Arthur>. mystery . Robert..eapoe.The Life and Writings of Edgar Allan Poe. the free encyclopedia. Poems.d. <http://www.p. the free encyclopedia.

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