Shew1 David Shew Professor Renee Simms March 9, 2011 CW 160: Introduction to Poetry Edgar Allan Poe Dark«foreboding

...horror«morbid«depressing«weird«confusing«loss«death. One word can gives all these words a common factor. That word is Poe. On paper, "Poe" is just a word, it doesn't mean much. Or it can mean many things. I crater on Mercury. A common figure in the Zelda video game series.The Baltimore Ravens¶ mascot.A popular Tahitian dish. But, for writers, English students, followers of Dark Romanticism, and evenbasic scholars, the word "Poe" means so much more. "Poe" to the aforementioned people, is an icon, a person they aspire to be like, or just a very obscure person who is not and probably never will be fully understood. The word ³Poe´ to all those people refers to the famous poet, short story writer,critic, and author to a few books, known as E.A. Poe, or Edgar Allan Poe, whom most studied persons just know as Poe. For them, if someone mentioned the word Poe, they would immediately think of Edgar Allan Poe. As previously stated, Poe was a very obscure person whom many literary scholars still try to make head or tails of. The favorable reason to his macabre works is thought to be the result of having so many losses early in his life. Whatever the reason, whether it be because of inopportune deaths or just because he was sick in the head, Poe¶s works did a great deal for English literature and for scholars¶ minds. He is the most renowned writer of Dark Romanticism, namely gothic fiction. Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 to actors Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins and David Poe Jr. in Boston, Massachusetts. Infant Edgar had but a short time with his natural parents as they split up in 1810, due to Mr. Poe abandoning the family. A year after the abandonment, on January 8, 1811, Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins died from what is thought if

Between 1816 and 1820.Shew2 pulmonary tuberculosis. in England. Poe had switched from many schools in England and lived away from his foster family. died and Poe made a visit to Richmond the day after her burial (Edgar Allan Poe . Edgar¶s father. Gothic fiction had begun to ascend into its most creative period (Gothic fiction). being replaced by historical romance as popularized by Sir Walter Scott. In 1826. A few days later. a wealthy merchant in Richmond. After only serving two out of his enlisted five years in the United States Army. After going through such tragedy. Poe¶s unofficial adoptive mother (Poe was never officially adopted by the Allans) Frances Allan. In 1815. he was forced to leave the university after only a year due to unpaid gambling debts (Polito). Tamerlane and Minor Poems. having lost much popularity as an established genre. Though he excelled there academically. 1811.Wikipedia). the makeshift family moved to England. During his stay with his aunt. where Edgar was introduced to Gothic fiction.Wikipedia). However. and her children (Polito).Wikipedia). in December 1829 (Quinn 156). Virginia. David Poe was pronounced dead from an unknown cause (Edgar Allan Poe . This book also received little recognition (Quinn 165). Poe published his second book. on January 10. little Edgar was taken in by Frances and John Allan. but it did not get much attention publically or critically (Quinn 129). readers and critics had begun to think that they had greatly overlooked many of the established works and in fact. Gothic fiction was said to have died out by this time. Tamerlane and Other Poems. . and young Edgar attended school in Chelsea (Edgar Allan Poe . Al Araaf. Poe entered the University of Virginia. Maria Clemm. It was here. While serving in the Army. Poe enlisted in the United States Army in 1827 and it was here that he published his first book. Poe was discharged from his position and moved to Baltimore where he stayed with his aunt.

even though he was getting a great deal of work. It was during his time as assistant editor for the Messenger that Poe began to grow as a writer and over the next ten years he came to edit many literary journals such as Burton¶s Gentleman¶s Magazine and Graham¶s Magazine both of which were based in Philadelphia. in 1842. Poe began to drink heavily and fell into a state of depression (Polito). to this day. Poe released a third volume of poems which was simply entitled Poems. Under stress from Virginia¶s illness. Through this time. He got himself court-martialed and dismissed in February of 1831 (Quinn 174). still under conjecture. however. formerly known as consumption. Virginia Clemm first showed signs of tuberculosis. Poe and Virginia moved to a cottage in The Bronx. Corps of Cadets´ as a thank you for many cadets¶ help in funding the publication for the book. Poe was still financially insecure. many of Poe¶s fellow cadets donated 75 cents to the cause (Quinn 176). whom he married in 1836 (Edgar Allan Poe). What is known. Poe also edited the Broadway Journal in New York (Polito). but he continued to write and his works were becoming recognized and praised which helped further his reputation (Edgar Allan Poe). He brought with him his aunt and his 12-year old cousin Virginia Clemm. This volume was dedicated to ³The U. Also during this time. Poe published some of his best known works such as ³The Fall of the House of Usher´. Poe started his publishing career after he left the military and in 1835 he became the editor for the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond. New York (now known as ³Poe Cottage´) where Virginia died on January 30. There are too many unknown facts to be a hundred percent positive as to exactly how Poe died. 1847 (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). In February 1831. When the Broadway Journal fell through in 1846. and ³The Raven´ (Polito).Shew3 Poe was enlisted into West Point in March of 1830 but did not stay even a year. ³The Tale Tell Heart´. Poe¶s wife.S. Poe¶s death is. is that Poe was .

and hope (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore). ³Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed«. The fictitious C. Poe¶s use of technique and control of words is able to appeal to his every reader. which is why Poe is dutifully respected in France (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?´ (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia). delirious and drunk. he would yell out ³Reynolds!´ though the meaning to the name is unclear (Quinn 639640). passion. He was taken to Washington College Hospital where he died at 5:00 October 7. Some of his works contain joy. ³God help my poor soul!´ Edgar Allan Poe¶s writings and works left a remarkable impact on both American and international literature. The phrase ³art for art¶s sake´ came from Poe¶s tenacity to critique the effect of style and structure of a literary work (Polito). He was one of the first American authors of the 19th century to become more popular in Europe than in the United States (Edgar Allan Poe ± Wikipedia).Shew4 found on the streets of Baltimore on October 3 1949. Edgar Allan Poe¶s last words before he died were. Poe¶s works became figureheads in international literature when Charles Baudelaire translated Poe¶s stories into French. Auguste Duplinfrom Poe¶s early detective fiction tales. but also because there is something in his writing for everyone. was the basis for literature¶s future detectives ± a quote from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Not all of his works are dark. Poe is still read in today¶s classrooms not just because his writing is renowned. Poe is often credited for being the ³architect´ of the modern short story. What is odd though. the reader is able to understand him or . The reason Poe is still studied is that through his writing. and more specifically in the genres of horror and detective fiction (Polito). dreary and utterly confusing. is that Poe was found wearing clothes that were not his own and the few times Poe was conscious in the hospital.

. The reader is able to enter and be a part of Poe¶s stories and they are reinvented inside of us all.Shew5 herself more.

n. <http://www.org .. the free encyclopedia.poets. 11 Mar.N." Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore . Web. n.N. the free encyclopedia. Bios & More. Web. <http://www. <http://www. Polito.org/geninfo/poesfame.Edgar Allan Poe's Enduring Fame.d.Poets. 2011. Edgar Allan Poe.eapoe. 2011.org/wiki/Edgar_Allan_Poe#Early_life>.d..org/poet.d. n.p.Poetry. n. mystery games."Wikipedia..The Life and Writings of Edgar Allan Poe. 2011.org . Bios & More.Poetry.mysterynet.p. Quinn. 1941. New York: D. .Wikipedia."Poets. . Arthur Hobson. mystery books. 11 Mar. "Edgar Allan Poe.Wikipedia. Web. "Gothic fiction . 11 Mar. <http://en. Poems.General Topics .. N.N. the free encyclopedia. "Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore .org/wiki/Gothic_fiction#The_Romantics>. 11 Mar.com: Online mysteries. AppletonCentury Co. Web. n.. 2011. <http://en.php/prmPID/130>. the free encyclopedia.htm>. Poems." Mystery Net. Web..wikipedia.d. "Edgar Allan Poe . 11 Mar.wikipedia.p." Wikipedia.p. 2011. a critical biography.N.d.com/edgar-allan-poe/>. Robert. Print.Shew6 Works Cited "Edgar Allan Poe.p.

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