Pascal

Boolean

:
Ïðèìåð ==> a:=2>4 ==> False;
<> - íå ðàâíî
Ôîðìàòèðîâàíûé âûâîä:
writeln(x:5:3);

if else:
Ïðèìåð 1:if (x>y) then writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå') else writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
Ïðèìåð 2:if (x>y) then
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End
else
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End;
Ñòðóêòóðà èñïîëüçóåòñÿ è áåç else.
Ñîñòàâíûå óñëîâèÿ:
if ((x>y) and (z>Q)) then ....
Òàêæå âîçìîæíî èñïîëçîâàíèå èñëîâèÿ ñ îïåðàòîðàì or.
Âëîæåííûå óñëîâèÿ:
if (x>y) then
Begin
if (z>2) then writeln('ñîîáùåíèå') else writeln('ñîîáùåíèå 2');
writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End
else
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End;
Îïåðàòîð âûáîðà Case:
Ïðèìåð:
case a of
0: writeln('Íîëü');
1: writeln('Îäèí');
2: writeln('Äâà');
else writeln('×èñëî íå ñ äèàïàçîíà îò 0 äî 2');

else BEGIN writeln('×èñëî íå ñ äèàïàçîíà îò 0 äî 2'). Îïåðàòîð For: for i:=1 to 5 do writeln(i). until (S>=10). S:=0.. var . end.S). case a of 0: writeln('Íîëü').. for i:=5 downto 1 do writeln(i). goto metka. s:=S+num.end. writeln(S).. ..'÷èñëî'). while (i<=N) do BEGIN writeln('Ââåäèòå'. S:S+x. END. END. read(N). BEGIN metka : writeln('Ââåäèòå öèôðó'). Îïåðòîð REPEAT UNTIL(öèêëè÷åñêèé). repeat writeln(Ââåäèòå ÷èñëî). Îïåðòîð GOTO: uses .. 2: writeln('Äâà'). label metka. 1: writeln('Îäèí'). writeln('Ñóììà ÷èñåë:'. read(Num). i:=1. readln(x). i:=i+1.i. Îïåðàòîð while do(Öèêë): writeln('Ââåäèòå êîëè÷åñòâî ÷èñåë').

. Begin local1:='Òåêñò'. END.b:integer. var a. ×òîáû îñóùåñòâèòü ïåðåäà÷ó äàííûõ ôóíêöèè òðåáóåòñÿ óêàçàòü íóæíûå çíà÷åíèÿ â ñêîáêàõ. Ñîçäàíèå ñîáñòâåííîãî ìîäóëÿ: unit modul. uses. interface uses crt. SumNum:integer. writeln(local1). end. . Ôóíêöèè: program...îêðàøèâàåò òåêñ â íóæíûé öâåò ==> êîäû öâåòîâ ñ 1 äî 15 â help. Ôóíêöèÿ TextColor . procedure write_funct:string..Òèï äàííûõ Char: Äîïóñêàåòñÿ ñðàâíèâàíèå ñòðîâ ñ äàííûì òèïîì äàííûõ òàê êàê ñðàâíåíèå èäåò ïî êîäó ñèìâîëà. var local1:string.. end.. uses... END. BEGIN write_proc. BEGIN writeln(write_funct). procedure write_proc. TextColor(12). Begin write_funct:='Òåêñò'. Ïðîöåäóðû: program.

end.procedure summa2(var sum: integer.b:integer):integer. function summa1(a. BEGIN sum:=a+b. begin summa1:=a+b. function summa1(a. a.b:integer). end.b:integer):integer. a. implementation procedure summa2(var sum: integer.b:integer). Ìàññûâû Îäíîìåðíûå ìàñèâû: . end.

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