Boolean

:
Ïðèìåð ==> a:=2>4 ==> False;
<> - íå ðàâíî
Ôîðìàòèðîâàíûé âûâîä:
writeln(x:5:3);

if else:
Ïðèìåð 1:if (x>y) then writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå') else writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
Ïðèìåð 2:if (x>y) then
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End
else
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End;
Ñòðóêòóðà èñïîëüçóåòñÿ è áåç else.
Ñîñòàâíûå óñëîâèÿ:
if ((x>y) and (z>Q)) then ....
Òàêæå âîçìîæíî èñïîëçîâàíèå èñëîâèÿ ñ îïåðàòîðàì or.
Âëîæåííûå óñëîâèÿ:
if (x>y) then
Begin
if (z>2) then writeln('ñîîáùåíèå') else writeln('ñîîáùåíèå 2');
writeln ('÷èñëî x áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End
else
Begin
writeln ('÷èñëî y áîëüøå');
writeln('Êàêîå íèáóäü ñîîáùåíèå');
End;
Îïåðàòîð âûáîðà Case:
Ïðèìåð:
case a of
0: writeln('Íîëü');
1: writeln('Îäèí');
2: writeln('Äâà');
else writeln('×èñëî íå ñ äèàïàçîíà îò 0 äî 2');

i:=1. Îïåðàòîð For: for i:=1 to 5 do writeln(i). for i:=5 downto 1 do writeln(i). 1: writeln('Îäèí').. Îïåðòîð GOTO: uses . 2: writeln('Äâà').. var . goto metka. i:=i+1.. writeln(S). s:=S+num. Îïåðàòîð while do(Öèêë): writeln('Ââåäèòå êîëè÷åñòâî ÷èñåë'). Îïåðòîð REPEAT UNTIL(öèêëè÷åñêèé). S:S+x.end.'÷èñëî'). END. end.. writeln('Ñóììà ÷èñåë:'. while (i<=N) do BEGIN writeln('Ââåäèòå'.i. until (S>=10). else BEGIN writeln('×èñëî íå ñ äèàïàçîíà îò 0 äî 2'). case a of 0: writeln('Íîëü').. S:=0.S). readln(x). BEGIN metka : writeln('Ââåäèòå öèôðó'). repeat writeln(Ââåäèòå ÷èñëî). read(Num). label metka. . read(N). END.

.b:integer.. Ñîçäàíèå ñîáñòâåííîãî ìîäóëÿ: unit modul. procedure write_funct:string. var local1:string. Ïðîöåäóðû: program.îêðàøèâàåò òåêñ â íóæíûé öâåò ==> êîäû öâåòîâ ñ 1 äî 15 â help. Begin write_funct:='Òåêñò'. Ôóíêöèÿ TextColor . BEGIN writeln(write_funct). var a..... TextColor(12). ×òîáû îñóùåñòâèòü ïåðåäà÷ó äàííûõ ôóíêöèè òðåáóåòñÿ óêàçàòü íóæíûå çíà÷åíèÿ â ñêîáêàõ.Òèï äàííûõ Char: Äîïóñêàåòñÿ ñðàâíèâàíèå ñòðîâ ñ äàííûì òèïîì äàííûõ òàê êàê ñðàâíåíèå èäåò ïî êîäó ñèìâîëà.. Ôóíêöèè: program. uses. writeln(local1). procedure write_proc.. end. END. interface uses crt. uses. end. BEGIN write_proc. Begin local1:='Òåêñò'. SumNum:integer.. END.

b:integer):integer. a. end.procedure summa2(var sum: integer.b:integer). function summa1(a. BEGIN sum:=a+b.b:integer):integer.b:integer). implementation procedure summa2(var sum: integer. Ìàññûâû Îäíîìåðíûå ìàñèâû: . a. function summa1(a. begin summa1:=a+b. end. end.

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