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Environmental consequences of the chernobyl accident

Environmental consequences of the chernobyl accident

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Publicado porMishu Aqua

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Mishu Aqua on Mar 19, 2011
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11/02/2014

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The first priority was the rehabilitation of land
on which people are living. Consideration has since
been given to the potential rehabilitation of
abandoned areas. Such areas can be rehabilitated if
this procedure is expedient with respect to
economic and social criteria. The main condition for
human occupancy of such areas without restrictions
is that the additional annual effective dose should
not exceed 1 mSv.

The efficiency of countermeasures is
determined by the following criteria:

(a)Radiological: reduction of radionuclide
content in local products and in the associated
individual and collective dose.
(b)Economic: increased product market value.
(c)Social and psychological: public opinion on a
given countermeasure.

In 2004, on the basis of radiological criteria
alone, a significant part of the abandoned agricul-
tural lands (more than 70%) could be returned to
economic use. When economic and social criteria
are assessed, the amount of land that could be
rehabilitated declines (see Table 4.6). Table 4.6

TABLE 4.6. REHABILITATION OF ZONES OF OBLIGATORY
RESETTLEMENT (OUTSIDE THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE)a

Area

Abandoned land (ha)

Can be rehabilitated judged
on radiological, economic
and social criteria (ha)

Kiev region

1998–2000 (done)

3475

2001–2005

4720

Total

29 342

8205

Zhytomyr region

1998–2000 (done)

2620

2001–2005

4960

Total

71 943

7580

a

Provided by Forum participants from official national sources.

86

shows a scheme for rehabilitation based on
technical criteria over a seven year period The first
phase, from 1998 until 2000, was implemented, but
that for the second phase was not, due to changing
economic and social conditions.
In the CEZ, the limiting radionuclide is now

90

Sr rather than 137

Cs. On the basis of radiological
considerations, the south-west part of the zone can
be used without restrictions. However, in reality,
legal restrictions, the lack of a suitable infra-
structure and consideration of economic and social–
psychological factors prevent its rehabilitation.
The same restrictions apply to the other
abandoned areas, where legal restrictions are also in
force that, together with deteriorating economic
conditions, currently prevent the application of
countermeasures in the remaining identified
abandoned areas. The pressure to bring the
abandoned land back into production is also
reduced by the current abundance of agriculturally
productive land in Ukraine and the presence in
southern Ukraine of land that is much more
productive.

Some people have returned to abandoned
areas to live, and others live outside them but use
the land for agricultural activities such as hay
production. Countermeasures are not being applied
in the abandoned areas, but there is sanitary and
regulatory control of these activities.

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