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GHGs

FTIR ͍͇͍͎͎̀͌̓ͅ ͇͈͎͍͈́̀͐͂̀͟ ̈́͋͟ ͈͖͈͈͂̀͋̈́̀ ͑͏͓͍͈͎͕͒͊͂͛ ͍͍͕̈́̀͛ ͏͎ ͏͍͈͎̀͐͊͂͛͌


͇̓̀̀͌ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ ͈ ͍͎̀͊͏͍͈͋͟ͅ ͍͍͕͂͐͌͛ͅͅ ͎͐̈́͂͟ ͎͍͕͋͊̀͋͛͜ ͍͍͕̈́̀͛ ͏͎
͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͏͍͈͎͕̀͐͊͂͛ ͈ ͎͕͑͋̈́͂͛ͅ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ.
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í͒͜ͅ FTIR ͍͇͍͎͎̀͌̓ͅ
͇͈͎͍͈́̀͐͂̀͟ ͂ ̥͎͂͐͏ͅ.
̳͐̀͋͑͊̀͜͟ ̠͎͔͍͒͌͑͐̀͟ͅ ̴͓͐͜ͅ-
͍͖͈͑͒̀͟ (̴̳̠í ͐̀͑͏͎͎͍͋͆̀ͅ
͈͇͈͂́͋ ͑͋̀ͅ ̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ (57.038
͑.͘.; 59.545 ͂.̈́. ͂ ͍͎͉͋͑ͅ ͇͎͍ͅ ͑
͔͎͍͎͎͉͂ ͎͔͎͉̀͒͌͑͐ͅ, ͏͈͍͎͐͌͐ͅ
͂ 80 km ͍̀ ͎͑͂͐ͅͅ-͇̀͏̀̈́ ͎͒
͎͎̓͐̈́̀ ̥͈͍͓͊̀͒͐́͐̓̀ͅ. ̢͍͂̈́̀ͅͅ
͂ ͎͉͑͒͐ ͂ ͈͋͞ͅ 2009 ̓.

5th WMO/IAEA Meeting of Experts


on Carbon Dioxide, Other
Greenhouse Gases, and Related
Tracer Measurement Techniques
September 7-10, 2009, Max-
Planck-Institute for
Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC , Jena
(Germany
̴̳̠í. FTIR ͂ ̪͎͓͎͐͂͊ͅ.̴͓͐͜ͅ-͑͏͎͊͒͐͌͒͐ͅͅ Bruker IFS 125M! ͎͑͏͍͍͉͐͆͛͟ͅ ͑ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛͌ͅ ͎͒͐͊͐͌ͅͅ A547N.
̯͎͍͉͋͛ ͑͏͍͉͊͒͐̀͋͛͜ͅ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ 450-25000 cm-1. ̬͈͍͎͉̀͊͑͌̀͋͜ ͑͏͍͎͊͒͐̀͋͜ͅͅ ͇͍͈͐̀͐͘ͅͅͅ 0.0035 cm-1.
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Ö͎͋ͅͅ ͍̈́͒̀͋͛͜ͅͅ ͔͍͐̀̓͌͒͛ͅ ͍͎͎̀́͋̈́̀͌̓͞ͅ ͑͏͊͒͐̀ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂
͏͎͎͕͋͑̀ ͏͎͎͙͍͈̓͋͟ͅ í2 ͈ í4 ͈͍͕͒͐͂̀͋̀ͅ 6000 - 6333 ͑͌-1 (͕͍͂͐͟͟ͅ ͏͍̀͋͜ͅ ͈ 6333
- 6666 ͑͌-1 (͍͈͍͆͟͟ ͏͍̀͋͜ͅ .
̠͏͏͍̀͐̀͒̀͟ ͔͓͍͖͈͊͟ Q   
Bruker IFS 125̬ ͂ ̪͎͓͎͐͂͊ͅ (sinx/x ͏͎
͇͓͐͋͒̀͒̀͌͜ͅ ͈͇͍͈͌͐͟ͅͅ ͂ ͈͍͈͕͋͟ ͏͎͎͙͍͈̓͋͟ͅ íl (5300-5900 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͊͂͒͞ͅͅ ͍͈͇͎͎͊̓
͍͈̈́̀͂͋͟ͅ  2 ͍͎́͐͟͟ 2010 ̓. ̸͈͈͍͐̀ ͏͎͓͍͍͎͉͋͗ͅ ̀͏͏͍͎͉̀͐̀͒ ͔͓͍͖͈͈͊
͎͓͑̓͋̀͑͒͑͟ͅ ͑ ͓͍͎͍͍͑͒̀͂͋͛͌ͅ ͑͏͍͕͊͒͐̀͋͛͜ͅ ͇͍͈͐̀͐͌͘ͅͅͅ - 0.028 ͑͌-1
*(UV!W%XVY*$ *%Z

ª Ö͇͎͍́͋̀͗̀͟ͅ ͎͎͇͎͍͑͋̀́̀͐͋̀͜͟͝ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐̀ͅ.


í͏͊͒͐͛ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂ ͈͍́͋͆͌ͅ
͈͍͔͍͎͐̀͊͐̀͑͌ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ  ͎͂͛͑͊ ͑͏͍͊͒͐̀͋͜ͅ
͇͍͈͐̀͐͘ͅͅ ;

ª ͍͎͍͎̈́͌͐ͅͅ ͓͍͍͈͐̀͂ͅͅ ͏͍͎͐͑̀ͅͅ ͈͍͔͍͎͎͐̀͊͐̀͑̓


͈͇͓͍͈͋͗͟ͅ ͈͍͎́͋͆̓ͅ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀̀ ͂ ͎͓͍͎͉͌͋͊͋͐͟ͅ
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ;

ª ̳͎̓͋͐̈́ͅ ͎͙͈͑̈́͐͆̀ͅͅ ͏͍͈͎̀͐͊͂͛ͅ ͇̓̀͛ CH4, CO,


CO2, ̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ 2, N2O, HCl, HF 
Í Í& Y 7%
 ̯͎͍͈͐͂̈́ͅͅͅ ͊͑͝͏͈͍͎͐͌͒͂ͅͅ ͍̀ ̴̳̠í ͏͎ ͈͇͍͈͌͐͞ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ
͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͇͎͍͎͉́́͋̀͗ͅ ͎͔͎͉̀͒͌͑͐ͅ ͎͍͍͎͎͑͋͗̓ͅ ͈͇͓͍͈͋͗͟ͅ ͂
͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000 ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͑ ͇͍͈͐̀͐͌͘ͅͅͅ ͎͒ 0.0035 ͑͌-1 ͎̈́ 0.05
͑͌-1  
 
 
   

 í ͏͎͎͙͌͜͞ ͎͍͈͇͈͎͍͍͎͎͌̈́͐͐͂̀̓ͅ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͏̀͊͒̀ͅ GFIT


͘ͅ
͒͜ ͎͍́͐̀͒͛ͅ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͏͎ ͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋͞ͅͅͅ ͈͇   ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ
͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͏͍͈͎͕̀͐͊͂͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ í4, í2, í, 2, N2O, HCl, HF!


 

 
  

 "# ͂
 $  ͍̀̈́ ͉͎͍͎͐̀͌ ̪͎͓͎͎͉͐͂͑͊
͎͍͎͈͎͉̀͑͒͐͌͗͑͊ͅ ͎͎͈͈́͑͐͂̀͒͐ͅ.

 —
     
   
 

   
 
 $ %

  

  
 


 $ & '() * +#
-#).)/)  )),=/)
).#

¾ í ͍͑͒́͐͟͟ͅ 2009 ̓. ͏͎ ͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2010 ̓. ́͛͋̀ ͏͎͍͐͂̈́̀ͅͅ ͈͑͐͟ͅ


͊͑͝͏͈͍͎͐͌͒͂ͅͅ ͏͎ ͈͇͍͈͌͐͞ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂
̨̪ ͎͈́͋̀͑͒ 4000 ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͑ ͇͍͈͐̀͐͌͘ͅͅͅ ͎͒ 0.05 ͎̈́ 0.0035 ͑͌-1.
̨͍͔͎͒͐͐̓͐̀͌͌͛ͅͅ ͈́͛͋ ͎͎͍́͐̀́͒̀͛ ͑ ͔͓͍͖͈͉͊ͅ ̀͏͎͈͇͖͈͈̈́̀
Norton-Beer medium.

¾ ̤͎͏͎͍͈͍͎͋͒͋͜ͅ ͏͎͎͈͈͐͂̈́͋͑͜ ͎͍͎͍͍̈́͂͐͌͛ͅͅͅ ͏͖͈͇͈͎͍͍͐͛ͅͅ


͈͇͍͈͌͐͟ͅͅ ͎͎͎͈͈͕͌͒͐͋̓͗͑͊ͅͅͅ ͏͎̀͐̀͌͒͐͂ͅ (͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ
͍͈̈́̀͂͋ͅͅ, ͒͌ͅ͏͓͐̀͒͐̀ͅ, ͍͎͂͋̀͆͑͒͜, ͎͊͌͏͎͍͍͒͛ͅ ͎͎͈͑͊͐͑͒ ͂͒͐̀ͅ ͑
͏͎͎͙͌͜͞ ͈͔͈͖͈͎͍͍͎͎͑͐͒͐͂̀̓ͅ ͓͇͓͎͎͎͋͒͐̀͂͊͂̓͜ ͎͌͒ͅͅ ͎͊͌͏͋͊͑̀ͅ
̬̥̲̥-2 (͇͎͐̀͐̀́͒͊̀ ̨̠ í ̠ .

¾ ̯͎͍͐͂̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͈͎͈͍͌͒͐̓ ͎͇͎͍͎͉̀͐͋͜͝ ͎͏͈͎͉͒͗͑͊ͅ ͎͙͈͍͒͋͛


͇͎͍͎͉́́͋̀͗ͅ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂ ͈͍͉́͋͆ͅ ̨̪ ͎͈́͋̀͑͒ ͑͏͊͒͐̀ͅ ͏͎ ͍͍̈́̀͛͌
͎͍͎͎͋͊̀͋̓͜ ͍͑̓͌͒̀ͅͅ ͈͑͒ͅ AERONET.
-#).)/),)),) )
).#
¾ ̀ ͎͍͎͑͂ͅ 
 ͍͍͕̈́̀͛ (,- .,) ͏͎ ͎͇͎͍͎͉̀͐͋͜͝ ͎͏͈͎͉͒͗͑͊ͅ
͎͙͈͍͒͋ͅ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͏͎͍͐͂̈́̀ͅͅ ͖͈͑͋͊͟ͅͅ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ / 
͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟  
!  01 


2 
! ̈́͋͟ ͏͎͓͙͉͑͋̈́͞ͅͅ  ͎͎͈́͐̀́͒͊ 
͏͎͎͙͌͜͞ ̀̈́̀͏͈͎͍͍͎͎͒͐͂̀̓ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͎́͑ͅ͏͍͈͗͟ͅͅ GFIT

¾ í ͏͎͎͙͌͜͞ GFIT ͏͎͍͐͂̈́̀ͅͅ ͎͌̀͑͑͂̀͟ ͎͎́͐̀́͒͊̀ ͎͎͍͍͕͒́͐̀͛ /


͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ - ͎͏͍͐̈́͋͛ͅͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ 

͇͎̓̀͂ 
3 í4, í2, í, 2 N2O, HCl, HF,

 


 
+  4"# ! ͏͈͍͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅͅ ͊
͎͔͍͎͓̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͓͑͒͋́ ͓͕͎͎͑̓ ͎͇͓͕͂̈́̀
-.

š   # %   š #  %   '  )*+, # ' %(  ' #  ' %


š - ' #  '% -  5   ̀͏͏͍̀͐̀͒̀͟ ͔͓͍͖͈͊͟


͑͏͎͊͒͐͌͒͐̀ͅͅ! 

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̢ ͊̀͗͑͒͂ͅͅ ͎͂͊͒͐̀ͅ ͔͈͈͎͍͍͕͊͑͐͂̀͛ ͏͎̀͐̀͌͒͐͂ͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ L ͎͓͌̓͒
͓͂͛͑͒͏̀͒͜ ͎͍͂͛͑͒͛ͅ ͏͎͔͈͈͐͋ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͕͒ͅ ͎͔͍͕̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͇͎̓̀͂,
͎͎͊͒͐͛ͅ ͂ ͍͍͎̈́̀͌ ͎͍͎͍͈͈͂͑͑͒̀͂͋ͅ ͈͑͗͒̀͒͑͟͞ ͈͇͍͈͂͑͒͛͌ͅ ͈ ͔͈͈͓͊͑͐͒͑͟͞, ̀
͒̀͊͆ͅ ͈͍͉͂͐͒͊̀͋͛͜ͅ ͏͎͔͈͐͋͜ ͒͌ͅ͏͓͐̀͒͐͛ͅ.

̯͈͐̀͊͒͗͑͊̀͟ͅ ͈͇͖͈͐̀͋̀͟ͅ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͂ ͏͎͍͎͐̓͐̀͌͌͌ ͏̀͊͒ͅͅ


GFIT ͏͐̈́ͅ͏͎͋̀̓̀͒ͅ ͈͍͈͈͇͖͈͌͌̀͞ ͈͍͎͉͊͂̀̈́͐̀͒͗ ͍͇͈͂͊͟ͅ ͓͌͆̈́ͅ ͈͇͍͍͌͐͛͌ͅͅ ͈
͎͍͌̈́͋͛͌͜ͅ ͑͏͈͊͒͐̀͌ͅ. ̤͋͟ ͎͎͒̓͝ ͈͑͏͎͇͓͋͒͑͜͟ͅ ͎͌͒̈́ͅ ͈͎͍͈͌̀͑͒̀́͐͂̀͘͟
͍͍͎͎̀͗̀͋̓͜ ͏͈͈͍͈͐́͋͆͟ͅ ̈́͋͟ ͈͍͎͎͂͐͒͊̀͋̓͜ͅ ͏͎͔͈͐͋͟ ͈͎͎͎͑͊͌̓ ͇̓̀̀.

0
 # % #  %  š
   

̨͇͍͍͉͌͐͛ͅͅ ͕͎̈́ ͎͇͎͍͎͉̀͐͋͜͝ ͎͏͈͎͉͒͗͑͊ͅ ͎͙͈͍͒͋͛ ͂ ͈͍́͋͆͌ͅ ̨̪ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ ̈́͋͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ


í͍͎͐̈́̓ͅͅ ̳͐̀͋̀ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀, ͍͍̈́̀͛ͅ AERONET ̈́͋͟ ͕͒ͅ ͆ͅ ͍͉̈́ͅ ͎͊̓̈́̀ ͏͎͎͈͈͐͂̈́͋͑͜ ͑͏͊͒͐͛ͅ
͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000 ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ̴͓͐͜ͅ ͑͏͎͎͊͒͐͌͒͐͌ͅͅ ͎͎͎͂͛͑͊̓
͇͍͈͐̀͐͘͟ͅͅ.
-).#,)=/))
=,,/

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͍͌͒̀̀ͅ (í4 ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́


í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂
͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4100 ࣗ 8100 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓.,
͈͍͜͞, ͈͋͜͞ ͈ ͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗. ̤͋͟
͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ ͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ
͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
-).#,)=/))
=,,/

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͓͈͎͎̓͋͊͑͋̓ͅ ͇̓̀̀ (í2 ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́


í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂
͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4100 ࣗ 8100 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞,
͈͋͜͞ ͈ ͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀
͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ ͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ,
͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ
͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
Y     

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ N2O ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ .
̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͏͎͓͍͋͗͛ͅ ͑ ͈͑͏͎͇͎͍͈͋͂̀͌͜ͅ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͏̀͊͒̀ͅ GFIT ͏͈͐ ͍͈͈͐͘ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͏͎
͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋͞ͅͅͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͟ͅ ͈͎͕͑͊͌͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂
͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000 ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞ ͈ ͈͋͜͞ 2010
̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒
͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͎͈͎̀͋̓͐͒͌͌ GFIT. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ ͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ,
͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
Y     

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͓͍͎͎̓̀͐̓ ͇̓̀̀ (í ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ .
̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͏͎͓͍͋͗͛ͅ ͑ ͈͑͏͎͇͎͍͈͋͂̀͌͜ͅ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͏̀͊͒̀ͅ GFIT ͏͈͐ ͍͈͈͐͘ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͏͎ ͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋͞ͅͅͅ
͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͟ͅ ͈͎͕͑͊͌͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000 ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͂
͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞ ͈ ͈͋͜͞ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͎͈͎̀͋̓͐͒͌͌ GFIT. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ ͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ
͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ
͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
-).#,)=/))
=,,/

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͎͍͎͍͎͎͑͂̓ ͈͇͎͎͒͏̀ ͎͍͎͎͂̈́̓͟ ͏̀͐̀ (2 ͂


͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ
͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4100 ࣗ 8100 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́
(͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞, ͈͋͜͞ ͈ ͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ
͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
-).#,)=/))
=,,/

͍͎͈͍͎͒͑͒͋͜ͅͅ ͍͑͐̈́ͅͅͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀ͅͅ ͈͇͎͎͒͏̀ ͎͉͒͆͋͟ͅ ͎͂̈́͛ (HDO/H2O ͂


͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌ (̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ
͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4100 ࣗ 8100 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́
(͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞, ͈͋͜͞ ͈ ͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ
͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟
͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
Y     

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͔͎͈͎͉͒͐͑͒ ͈͎͊͑͋͒͛ (HF ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌
(̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͏͎͓͍͋͗͛ͅ ͑ ͈͑͏͎͇͎͍͈͋͂̀͌͜ͅ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͏̀͊͒̀ͅ GFIT ͏͈͐ ͍͈͈͐͘ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͏͎
͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋͞ͅͅͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͟ͅ ͈͎͕͑͊͌͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000
ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞ ͈ ͈͋͜͞ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ
͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͎͈͎̀͋̓͐͒͌͌ GFIT. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ
͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ
͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
Y    )
=,,/

B͍͍͈̀͗ͅͅ ͍͉͑͐̈́ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͎͓͌͋͊͋ͅ ͎͍͎͉͑͋͟ ͈͎͊͑͋͒͛ (íl ͂ ͎͔͍͎̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͑͒͋́ͅ ͍̀̈́ í͍͈͐̈́͌ͅ ̳͎͐̀͋͌
(̪͎͓͎͐͂͊̀ . ̤͍͍̀͛ͅ ͏͎͓͍͋͗͛ͅ ͑ ͈͑͏͎͇͎͍͈͋͂̀͌͜ͅ ͏͎͍͎͎͐̓͐̀͌͌̓ ͏̀͊͒̀ͅ GFIT ͏͈͐ ͍͈͈͐͘ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͏͎
͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋͞ͅͅͅ ͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͟ͅ ͈͎͕͑͊͌͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͂ ͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ 4000
ࣗ 11000 ͑͌-1 ͂ ͎͍͍͑͋͗͛ͅͅ ͇͍͍́͂͒͐͛ͅͅͅͅ ͍͈̈́ (͍͑͒́͐͟͜ͅ 2009 ̓., ͈͍͜͞ ͈ ͈͋͜͞ 2010 ̓. ͑ ͍͈͇͎͉͊ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͉͊͒͐̀ͅͅ
͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ ͂ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐ͅͅ. ̯͎͇͍͊̀̀̀ ͒̀͊͆ͅ ͎͈́͊̀͘ ͍͈͐͘͟ͅͅ ͎͍͎͉́͐̀͒ ͇͈̀̈́̀͗ ͎͈͎̀͋̓͐͒͌͌ GFIT. ̤͋͟ ͍͍͈͑͐̀͂͟ͅ
͏͈͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅ ͇͓͐͋͒̀͒͛͜ͅ, ͏͎͓͋͗̀͌͛ͅͅ ͈͇ ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ, ͎͎͓͙͈͕͑͒͂͒͑͒͂͞ͅ ͎͎͍͈͑͑͒͌͟͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͇͍͈͍̀͗͒͋͛͌͜ͅ
͎͍͈͑̈́͐͆̀͌ͅͅ ͎͇͎̀͐͋͟͝ (͌̀͐͒ 2010 ̓.
& N))
v Ò
   #667    #686  ͍̀ ̴̳̠í ͏͎͍͐͂̈́̀ͅͅ ͈͑͐͟ͅ
͊͑͝͏͈͍͎͐͌͒͂ͅͅ ͏͎ ͈͇͍͈͌͐͞ͅͅ ͔͓͍͖͈͈͊ ͏͎͐͏͓͍͈͑͊̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͂ ͈͍́͋͆͌ͅ ̨̪
͈̈́̀͏͇͎͍̀ͅ (4000-11000 ͑͌-1 ͑ ͎͈͂͛͑͊͌ ͑͏͍͊͒͐̀͋͛͌͜ͅ ͇͍͈͐̀͐͌͘ͅͅͅ ͎͒ 0.05 ͑͌-1
͎̈́ 0.0035͑͌-1;

v ̬͎͍͈͇͈͎͍͎̈́͐͐͂̀ͅ 

 ͏͎͍͎͐̓͐̀͌͌ͅ ͎́͑ͅ͏͍͈͗ͅͅͅ GFIT, ͑ ͖͋͜͞ͅ ͓͗͒̀ͅ
͎͎͍͍͎͉͑́͑͒ͅͅ ͎͔͈͎͎̓̓͐̀͗͑͊̓ͅͅ ͏͎͎͍͈͋͆͟ͅ ̴̳̠í   


  
 
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5

;

v h ͏͎͎͙͌͜͞ ͎͍͈͇͈͎͍͍͎͉͌̈́͐͐͂̀ͅ ͈͈͂͐͑ͅ GFIT ͈͇ ͈͇͍͍͕͌͐͛ͅͅ ͍̀ ̴̳̠í ͑͏͎͊͒͐͂ͅ


͂͛͏͎͍͍͎͋ͅ ͎͏͍͈͐̈́͋ͅͅͅͅ ͈͕͒̀͊ 
 ͊̀͊ CH4, CO2, CO, 2, HCl, HF, N2O.
̯͎͓͍͍͋͗͛ͅͅ ͎͍͖͍͖͈͈͊͒͐̀ͅ ͈͎͕͑͊͌͛ ͇͎̓̀͂ ͏͈͍͍͐͂̈́͛ͅͅͅ ͊ ͎͔͍͎͓̀͒͌͑͐͌ͅ ͎͓͑͒͋́
͓͕͎͎͑̓ ͎͇͓͕͂̈́̀ ͈͓͂̀͐͐͒͑͜͟͞ ͓͙͈͑͋̈́͌͞ͅ ͎͇͎́͐̀͌: í4 ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ 1.65-1.75
ppm, í ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ 75-90 ppb, í2 ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ 368-385 ppm, HCl ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ
0.15-0.42 ppb, HF ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ 61-76 ppt, N2O ͂ ͈͍͒͐͂̀͋ͅͅ 276-287 ppb.
9  
 

 
  4"—#4

 $ ! 

  
  +:6  +#;6  5
 
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p͎͈͈͌͒͐ͅͅ ͈͍͔͍͎͎͐̀͊͐̀͑̓ ͇͎͍͈͎͍͈̈́͐͂̀͟ ͎͔̀͒͌͑͐͛ͅ ͎͑ ͑͏͓͍͈͎͒͊͂ ͈ ͍͇͍͈̀͌͛͌ͅ
͑͏͎͈͊͒͐͌͒͐̀͌ͅͅ ͈ ͑͐̈́͑͒͂̀ͅ ͈͇͍͈͌͐͟ͅͅ in situ ͏͎͎͎͎͍͈͐́͒́͐͛͌ ͎͈͌͒̈́̀͌ͅ.