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Huawei DCCC Algorithm and

Parameters Introduction

www.huawei.com

Node B Products of Huawei

Apr. 2006

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

1
• DCCC: dynamic channel configuration control

• DCCC, as one the most important RAN feature,


will allocate dynamic resource according to the
service request

• Meanwhile, DCCC is an effective method to


increase the radio resource utilization
efficiency.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 2

2
• Upon completion of this course, you will be
able to:
• Know the categories of DCCC
• Know the meaning of the corresponding
parameters

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 3

3
DCCC - Dynamic Channel Configuration Control
Action Trigger

Downlink Upsizing UE activity (TVM)

Downlink Downsizing Downlink Quality


Rate Re-allocation

Uplink Upsizing
UE activity (TVM)
Uplink Downsizing

CELL-DCH to/from CELL-FACH


UE activity (TVM)
UE State Transition CELL-FACH to/from CELL-PCH

CELL-PCH to/from URA-PCH

• Optimize available resources for Best Effort Service


• Allocation resources dynamically to increase resource utilisation
• Prevent from call drop for users with high data rate service on the cell boarder

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 4

Dynamic Channel Configuration Control (DCCC) includes two parts: UE State


Transition and Rate Re-allocation.
Through the UE State Transition, the UE state can transmit from CELL_DCH to
CELL_FACH and from CELL_FACH to CELL_PCH/URA_PCH. In the CELL_FACH or
PCH/URA_PCH state, the code resource can be saved and the UE battery consumption
can decreased. The channel transition is triggered by UE’s Traffic Volume
Measurement (TVM).
Through the Rate Re-allocation, the UE can increase or decrease the rate of services,
to improve the utilization of the resource. The Rate Switch action include uplink and
downlink direction, and will have different trigger for uplink and downlink. Except the
TVM, the downlink rate up/down-switch will need the Downlink Quality as a trigger
qualification.

Thus through the dynamic allocation of channel resource, the system resources can be
optimized. Because the OVSF code is limited, the Iub and Iur resource is limited, if the
resource can be allocated by the actual traffic volume, the channel code using rate can
be enhanced, and more UE call can be admitted.

4
DCCC - (TVM) Traffic Volume Measurement
Transport channel RAB&SRBClass
traffic volume

Taffic Volume < Tho


TYPRABDCCCMC.Class
TVM:
The monitored traffic volume corresponds to
TVM 4B
Threshold
the amount of data in number of bytes that is
THRESHOLD
Time available for transmission and
retransmission in RLC layer- Buffer
Event 4b
Occupancy.
Event 4b Timer to Trigger

Timer to Trigger:
Transport channel
traffic volume Indicates the period of time during which the
event condition has to be satisfied, before
Taffic Volume > Tho sending a Measurement Report

Pending Time after trigger:


TVM 4A Threshold
Indicates the period of time during which it is
THRESHOLD Time forbidden to send any new measurement
reports with the same Traffic volume event
Event 4a
identity even if the triggering condition is
Event 4a
Pending time after triggered fulfilled. Time in milliseconds

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 5

The Traffic Volume Measurement algorithm will measure the UE’s traffic volume, if the
traffic volume becomes greater than a upper
threshold, it will trigger the event 4a, or if the traffic volume becomes smaller than a
lower threshold, it will trigger the event 4b. The the 4a/4b event will cause Rate
Switching or Channel Transition. The TVM in uplink and downlink are separate, for
uplink it is performed in UE, and for downlink it is performed in RNC MAC-D.

There are three important parameters for the event judgment: 4a/4b Threshold, Time
to Trigger and Pending Time (short for Pending Time after trigger).
When the traffic volume becomes greater than the 4a Threshold [Traffic
Measurement Event 4A Threshold (1024 byte)], it will start a timer, if the traffic
volume keeps above this threshold within the Time to Trigger [Time to trigger 4A
(240ms)], a 4a event will be reported, then it will start another timer, during the Pending
Time [Pending Time after trigger 4A (4000ms)], event 4a is not reported again even
the requirements are still met, then after the Pending Time, it will restart the first timer,
if the traffic volume still keeps above this threshold within the Time to Trigger, the 4a
event will be reported again.
The triggering procedure of 4b event is similar to that of 4a event.
[Traffic Measurement Event 4B Threshold (128 byte)]
[Time to trigger 4A (2560ms)]
[Pending Time after trigger 4A (4000ms)]

Thus the parameter Time to trigger is set to avoid needless reports triggered by traffic
fluctuation, and the parameter Pending Time after trigger is set to avoid too many
channel reconfiguration operations.

The Absolute Threshold, Time to Trigger and Pending Time after trigger
parameters of event 4a and 4b are sent by UTRAN by the MEASUREMENT CONTROL
command. Then UE reports the event 4a and event 4b by sending the MEASUREMENT
REPORT message.

5
DCCC - Rating Re-allocation
Rate Re-allocation – Uplink GlobalParaClass
Rate Uplink Downsizing Uplink Upsizing
DCCC.Class
The highest rate

SET DCCC
Maximum bit rate Allocated rate
Adjust Uplink bit rate threshold for DCCC
level =3
Uplink mid bitrate threshold --- 8kbps to 384kbps

Uplink mid bite rate calculate method


Adjust
level =2 --- valid if adjust level is 3

Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC Uplink mid bitrate threshold

Uplink Rate adjust level


Time
--- 2 or 3

Event 4b Event 4b Event 4a Event 4a


Traffic Volume Report from UE, Event 4a and Event 4b
UE activity - Event 4a: Traffic volume is above a threshold for a configurable time -> High active
- Event 4b: Traffic volumes is below a threshold for a configurable time ->Low active

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 6

For UL Rate Switching, it is based on the UE activity (TVM), and the principle of
strategy is:
Downsizing is performed if RNC receives uplink traffic volume event report 4b.
Upsizing is performed if RNC receives uplink traffic volume event report 4a.

According to the parameter [Uplink Rate adjust level (2_Rates)], the uplink
configurable bandwidth is divided into 2_Rates and 3_Rates two types.

If the [Uplink Rate adjust level] is set to 2_Rates, the data rate will be downsized or
upsized between [Uplink/Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC] and the Highest
Rate directly.
If the [Uplink Rate adjust level] is set to 3_Rates, and the current rate is the Highest
Rate, firstly the rate will be downsized to the [Uplink mid bitrate threshold], then will
be downsized again to [Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC]. Whereas, if the current
rate is [Uplink Rate adjust level], firstly the rate will be upsized to the [Uplink mid
bitrate threshold], then will be upsized again to the Highest Rate.
Here, the Highest Rate = min {the request maximum bit rate assigned by CN, the
maximum rate supported by UE capabilities}
[Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC (64kbit/s)]

6
DCCC - Rating Switching
GlobalParaClass CellClass
Rate Re-allocation – Downlink triggered by UE activity
DCCC.Class CELLDCCC.Class
Rate
Maximum bit rate
SET DCCC
The highest rate
Downlink Bit rate threshold for DCCC

Allocated rate --- 8kbps to 384kbps


Adjust
Downlink mid bitrate threshold level =3 Downlink mid bite rate calculate method
--- valid if adjust level is 3

DOWNLINK MID BITRATE


Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC
THRESHOLD
Adjust
Time
level =2 Downlink Rate adjust level
--- 2 or 3
Event 4b Event 4b Event 4a Event 4a

4BMONITIME 4BMONITIME

Downlink rate down-switch Downlink rate up-switch

Traffic Volume Report, Event 4a and Event 4b in RNC


- Event 4a: Traffic volume is above a threshold for a configurable time -> High active
- Event 4b: Traffic volumes is below a threshold for a configurable time-> Low active

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 7

For DL Rate Switching, it is based on the UE activity (TVM) or Downlink Quality, and
the Rate Switching principle of strategy based on TVM is:
Downsizing is performed if the 4B counter of downlink traffic volume event 4b report
equals or exceeds a threshold during a certain time [4B measurement report monitor
time (30s)].
That means, when the first downlink 4B measurement report is received, the monitor
timer [4B measurement report monitor time] will be started and the 4B counter will
be set to 1 at the same time. Before the timer expires, the counter will be increased by
1 every time a 4B report is received; If the counter equals or exceeds the calculated
threshold before the monitor timer expires, downsizing will be performed.
Here, the threshold is calculated by the formula: [4B measurement report monitor
time / (Timer to trigger + Pending timer after Trigger)] (30s/(240ms+4000ms)
=7.075 ≈ 7 )
Upsizing is performed if downlink traffic volume event 4a is triggered.

Also according to the parameter [Downlink Rate adjust level], the downlink
configurable bandwidth is divided into 2_Rates and 3_Rates two types, and it’s similar
with uplink.
Highest Rate = min {the request maximum bit rate assigned by CN, the maximum
rate supported by UE capabilities}
[Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC (64kbit/s)]

7
DCCC - Rating Switching
GlobalParaClass

Rate Re-allocation – Downlink triggered by Downlink Quality DCCC.Class


Rate
Downlink rate down-switch SET DCCC
The highest rate
Downlink BE guarantee bit rate
--- 8kbps to 384kbps
Allocated rate

Downlink mid bitrate threshold Event Ea relative threshold

Event Eb relative threshold

Downlink
Downlink BE guarantee
bitrate thresholdbitfor
rateDCCC

Time ADD TYPRABRLC

UE with high speed Event A time to trigger


RAB&SRBClass
service is subject to Event Ea Event Ea
drop due to high TCP and Event A and Event A Event A pending time after trigger
TYPRABRLC.Class
Event A threshold
Transmit power and RLC retransmission report: Event E/F and Event A
- Event Ea: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 1 and Node B send TCP meas. report
- Event Eb: transmit power falls below measurement threshold 2 and Node B stop sending TCP meas. Report
- Event Fa: Transmit power falls below measurement threshold 1
- Event Fb: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 2
- Event A : RLC retransmission value is above threshold for a period

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8

Rate Downsizing principle of strategy based on Downlink Quality is:


Downsizing is performed if RNC receives downlink transmit power event report Ea
and RLC retransmission event report A (optional, and not standard event defined by
3GPP).

As above, the occasion when the bandwidth is allowed to be decreased must satisfy the
following requirements:
1. The transmit power of downlink channel exceeds Ea event threshold (Event Ea)
2. RLC retransmission rate exceeds retransmission threshold (Event A)

When downsizing is performed, the adjusting levels are 3. Which means If the
current rate is the Highest Rate, the rate will be downsized to the [Downlink mid
bitrate threshold], then will be downsized again to [Downlink BE Guarantee
Bitrate (64kbit/s)].

Downlink mid bitrate threshold is the middle bit rate threshold for
adjustment of traffic volume in downlink. If the level of the traffic
volume adjustment algorithm is 2, its value is equal to the RB rate
closest to the highest rate divided by two. The bit rate is calculated in
the RNC.

8
DCCC - Rating Switching
Rate Re-allocation – Mechanism for reporting event E

Measured entity T1 = Measurement Hysteresis Time

Measurement
Threshold 1
T1 T1
T1 Measurement
Threshold 2

Report A Report B Report A Periodic Time


Periodic Reports Reports

Measurement Reports

Transmit power and RLC retransmission report: Event E/F and Event A
- Event Ea: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 1 and Node B send TCP meas. report
- Event Eb: transmit power falls below measurement threshold 2 and Node B stop sending TCP meas. Report
- Event Fa: Transmit power falls below measurement threshold 1
- Event Fb: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 2
- Event A : RLC retransmission value is above threshold for a period

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 9

For different services, there are different Ea and Eb thresholds. For sake of the simplicity of
parameters, we configure a set of comparative thresholds for all BE services [Event Ea
relative threshold (2dB) and Event Eb relative threshold (2dB)], and absolute Ea and Eb
thresholds are calculated by the following formula:
Absolute threshold= maximum DL Power - comparative threshold + PO3
Where:
PO3 is the relative transmit power offset between pilot fields of the DPCCH and DPDCHs,
maximum DL power is configured by RLMAXDLPWR which aims at the DPDCHs.

When the transmit power of the pilot fields of the DPCCH stays below stays above the
measurement threshold 1 for a period longer than T1 [Event E hysteresis time
(64*10=640ms)], the event Ea is triggered. The NodeB periodically reports [Reporting
period unit for event E (10ms) and Event E reporting period (480*10=4800ms)] the
measurement results of the transmit power to the RNC. When the transmit power of the pilot
fields of the DPCCH stays below the measurement threshold 2 for a period longer than T1
[Event E hysteresis time], the event Eb is triggered. The NodeB stops reporting the
measurement results of the transmit power. Before Event E measurement event evaluation
and reporting, [DL code TX power meas filter coef (1)] will be used. When RNC receives
the Ea report, the downlink bandwidth is allowed to be downsized.

The DL code TX power meas filter coef indicates how filtering of the measurement values shall
be performed.
The averaging shall be performed according to the following formula.
Fn= (1 - a) * Fn-1 + a * Mn
Here, Fn is the updated filtered measurement result; Fn-1 is the old filtered measurement result;
Mn is the latest received measurement result from physical layer measurements; a=(1/2)(k/2),
where k is the parameter received in the DL code TX power meas filter coef.

9
DCCC - Rating Switching
Rate Re-allocation – Mechanism for reporting event F

Measured entity T1 = Measurement Hysteresis Time

Measurement

T1 Threshold 2

T1 T1 Measurement
Threshold 1

Time

Report A Report B Report A Periodic


Periodic Reports Report

Measurement Reports

Transmit power and RLC retransmission report: Event E/F and Event A
- Event Ea: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 1 and Node B send TCP meas. report
- Event Eb: transmit power falls below measurement threshold 2 and Node B stop sending TCP meas. Report
- Event Fa: Transmit power falls below measurement threshold 1
- Event Fb: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 2
- Event A : RLC retransmission value is above threshold for a period

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 10

For different current rate and the upsizing target rate which is triggered by event 4a
report, the measurement threshold is different. For the sake of the simplicity,
measurement threshold 1 equals the measurement threshold 2 in program and the
threshold is calculated by the following formula:
Absolute threshold= maximum DL Power of target rate – difference Power
between current rate and target rate – Event F reporting power margin – Event
Ea relative threshold + PO3
The maximum DL Power of target rate is the maximum configured power of the target
rate.
The difference Power between current rate and target rate is calculated by program
through the parameters acquired by simulation and field test results, through these
parameters can be changed by LMT commands, we strongly don’t suggest doing
any change about that.
Event F reporting power margin (10*0.1 = 1dB) is the power margin of event F report.
Event Ea relative threshold (2dB) is used to protect triggering Event report Ea after
upsizing.
PO3 is the relative transmit power offset between pilot fields of the DPCCH and
DPDCHs,

When the transmit power of the pilot fields of the DPCCH stays below the measurement
threshold 1 for a period longer than T1 (Event F hysteresis time (64*10 =
640ms) ) , the event Fa is triggered. Then the NodeB periodically report (Reporting
period unit for event F (10ms) and Event F reporting period (480*10 = 4800ms))
the measurement results of the transmit power to the RNC.

Before Event F measurement event evaluation and reporting, DL code TX power meas
filter coef will be used. When RNC receives the Fa report, the downlink bandwidth
is allowed to be upsized.

10
DCCC - Rating Switching
Rate Re-allocation – Mechanism for reporting event A

Transmit power and RLC retransmission report: Event E/F and Event A
- Event Ea: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 1 and Node B send TCP meas. report
- Event Eb: transmit power falls below measurement threshold 2 and Node B stop sending TCP meas. Report
- Event Fa: Transmit power falls below measurement threshold 1
- Event Fb: Transmit power rises above measurement threshold 2
- Event A : RLC retransmission value is above threshold for a period

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 11

First, set up a statistic window according to re-TX monitor period


(1000ms), by which RLC retransmission is calculated, then filter the
retransmission value by re-TX measure filter coef (1), which is the
filter coefficient like the DL code TX power meas filter coef, and
judge whether the RLC retransmission value is above the Event A
threshold (160*0.1%=16%), if it is above the threshold for a period of
time (re-TX monitor period (1000ms) * Event A time to trigger (2)
= 2000ms), RLC retransmission Event A (This report is defined by
ourselves, not standard event defined by 3GPP) is triggered and the
RLC retransmission value is reported.
Each time Retransmission event A is triggered, which means some
operations maybe happen, RLC retransmission needs suspending for
a period of time (re-TX monitor period (1000ms) × Event A
pending time after trigger (1) = 1000ms) in which time RLC
retransmission is not calculated. When RLC retransmission rate
Event report A is received, the downlink bandwidth is allowed to be
downsized when transmission power of NodeB is above threshold of
event Ea.

11
1. The UE state transition from CELL_DCH to CELL_FACH
When the RNC receives the report event 4b about the decrease of the UE activity, and the
traffic volume of event report 4b is zero, it starts a timer. If both uplink and downlink Counter
of traffic volume event 4b equal or exceed a threshold before a timer expires. [The timer
can be DCH to FACH transition timer (180s) or BE HS-DSCH to FACH
transition timer (180s) or Realtime Traff DCH or HS-DSCH to FACH transition
timer (180s)], then when the timer expires, the UE state transits from CELL_FACH to
CELL_PCH.
* Here,
The DCH to FACH transition timer is used when the service type is BE and allocated
channel type is DCH.
The BE HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer is used when the service type is BE and
allocated channel type is HS-DSCH.
The Realtime Traff DCH or HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer is used when the
service type is PS RT
The threshold is calculated by the formula:
The threshold is calculated by the formula:
[4B measurement report monitor time / (Timer to trigger + Pending timer after Trigger)*
State trans traff redund coef (80%)]
For DCH to FACH, 180s/(5000ms+16000ms)*80% = 6.85 ≈ 6

2. The UE state transition from CELL_FACH to CELL_PCH


When the RNC receives the report event 4b about the decrease of the UE activity, and the
traffic volume of event report 4b is zero, it starts a timer. If both uplink and downlink Counter
of traffic volume event 4b equal or exceed a threshold before a timer expires. [FACH to
PCH transition timer (180s)], then when the timer expires, the UE state transits from
CELL_FACH to CELL_PCH.
* Here, the threshold is calculated by the formula:
[FACH to PCH Transition Timer / (FACH to PCH 4B time to trigger + FACH to PCH 4B
Pending Time after trigger)* State trans traff redund coef ]
180s/(5000ms+16000ms)*80% = 6.85 ≈ 6

• The UE state transition from CELL_PCH to URA_PCH


When UE is in CELL_PCH state, during the cell reselection, the UE sends the Cell Update
messages. The RNC starts a timer [CELL reselection timer (180s)] and counts the number
of the Cell Update messages. When the timer expires, the number of the Cell Update
messages may exceed the threshold [Cell reselection counter (9)]. In that case, the RNC
initiates the state transition CELL_PCH to URA_PCH, when the UE sends the CELL
UPDATE message again.

4. The UE state transition from CELL_PCH or URA_PCH to CELL_FACH


The state of the UE transits to CELL_FACH when the UE initiates the cell update process or
when the UE is paged by UTRAN and the UE needs to exchange messages with the network
side.

5. The UE state transition from CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH


The state of the UE transits to CELL_DCH when the URTAN receives the UL or DL the traffic
volume exceeds a threshold [BE FACH to DCH 4A threshold (1024byte) or BE FACH to
HS-DSCH 4A threshold (1024byte) or Realtime Traff FACH to DCH 4A threshold
(1024byte)].
all time to trigger (240ms)

12
DCCC - Parameters Structure
RNC

RadioClass

GlobalParaClass RAB&SRBClass CellClass

UESTATETRANS.Class TYPRABBASIC.Class CELLDCCC.Class

DCCC.Class TYPRABDCCCMC.Class

TYPRABRLC.Class

RAB&SRBClass

TYPRABDCCCMC.Class TYPRABBASIC.Class TYPRABRLC.Class

Direction 4B measurement report monitor time

Traffic Measurement Event 4B threshold

Traffic Measurement Event 4A threshold re-TX monitor period

Time to trigger 4B re-TX measure filter coef

Time to trigger 4A Event A threshold

Pending time after trigger 4B Event A time to trigger


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. Page 13
Pending time after trigger 4A HUAWEI Confidential
Event A pending time after trigger

This upper figure shows the parameters structure of DCCC parameters in RNC.
The Radio Class parameters consists of three classes: the Global Parameter Class,
the RAB&SRB Class, and the Cell Class.
In Global Parameter Class, it consists of UE State-Transition Class and DCCC Class
parameters; In RAB&SRB Class, it consists of Typical RAB Basic Class, Typical
RAB DCCC MC Class and Typical RAB RLC Class parameters; In Cell Class, it
includes Cell DCCC Class parameters.

Next each sub-class parameters will be explained in detail. The lower figure shows the
parameters structure of the RAB&SRB Class.

Firstly, for the Typical RAB DCCC Measurement Control Class, the LMT command is
ADD/MOD/RMV TYPRABDCCCMC (according to LMT BS6800V100R007), and it
includes parameters:
Direction: Configuring the Traffic Volume Measurement (TVM) direction to uplink or
downlink.
Traffic Measurement Event 4A Threshold: Upper limit of traffic volume for triggering
the event 4A. The larger the parameter is, the smaller the possibility of triggering event
4A is.
Traffic Measurement Event 4B Threshold: Lower limit of traffic volume for triggering
the event 4B. The smaller the parameter is, the smaller the possibility of triggering event
4B is.

13
Time to trigger 4A: Time period during which the traffic volume is above the upper limit
before the event 4A is triggered. This parameter is set to avoid needless reports
triggered by traffic fluctuation. The larger the parameter is, the longer the required time
to exceed the upper threshold is, and the smaller the possibility of triggering event 4A is.
Time to trigger 4B: Time period during which the traffic volume is below the lower limit
before the event 4B is triggered. This parameter is set to avoid needless reports
triggered by traffic fluctuation. The larger the parameter is, the longer the required time
to be under the lower threshold is, and the smaller the possibility of triggering event 4B
is.
Pending time after trigger 4A: Time period during which the event 4A is not reported
after an event 4A is triggered. This parameter is used to avoid too many channel
reconfiguration operations. The larger the value of this parameter, the longer the
pending time, and the harder the event 4A is triggered.
Pending time after trigger 4B: Time period during which the event 4B is not reported
after an event 4B is triggered. This parameter is set to avoid too many channel
reconfiguration operations. The larger the value of this parameter, the longer the
pending time, and the harder the event 4B is triggered.

Secondary, for the Typical RAB Basic Class, the LMT command is MOD/RMV
TYPRAB, and it includes parameter:
4B measurement report monitor time: This parameter defines the time in which the
DL 4B traffic volume measurement reports are monitored. If DL 4B measurement
reports are received successively, RNC will reduce the DL bandwidth.

Thirdly, for the Typical RAB RLC Class, the LMT command is ADD/MOD/RMV
TYPRABRLC, and it includes parameters:
Re-TX monitor period: A period for re-transmitted PUD monitor. Time of a period for
re-transmitted PDU monitor when the RLC entity is established or reconfigured.
Re-TX measure filter coef: Re-TX measure filter coefficient. RLC retransmission
measurement filter coefficient.
Event A threshold: Threshold of event A, which indicates a high ratio of PDUs are re-
transmitted.
Event A time to trigger: Times of period to trigger event A. Event A is triggered only
when the ratio of re-transmitted PDUs is higher than the threshold of event A in several
times of period.
Event A pending time after trigger: Pending times of period after event A is triggered.
During the period, no event of re-transmitted PDUs is reported.

14
DCCC - Parameters Structure
Cell reselection timer

DCH to FACH transition timer Cell reselection counter

BE HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer BE FACH to DCH 4A threshold

Realtime Traff DCH to FACH transition timer BE FACH to HS-DSCH 4A threshold CellClass

FACH to PCH transition timer Realtime Traff DCH to FACH 4B threshold


CELLDCCC.Class

UESTATETRANS.Class GlobalParaClass DCCC.Class


Event F reporting period[ms]

DCCC strategy Event F hysteresis time Reporting period unit for event E Event F reporting period[min]

Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC Reporting period unit for event F Downlink BE guarantee bitrate Event E hysteresis time
Uplink mid bite rate calculate method Event F reporting period[ms]
Event F hysteresis time Event E reporting period[ms]
Uplink mid bitrate threshold Event F reporting period[min]
Reporting period unit for event F Event E reporting period[min]
Uplink Rate adjust level Event Ea relative threshold

Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC Event Eb relative threshold

Downlink mid bite rate calculate method Event E hysteresis time

Downlink mid bitrate threshold Reporting period unit for event E

Downlink Rate adjust level Event E reporting period[ms]

Downlink BE guarantee bitrate Event E reporting period[min]

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 15

The left figure shows the Global Parameter Class.

Firstly, for the UE State Transition Class, the LMT command is ADD/MOD/RMV
TYPRABDCCCMC, and it includes parameters:
Cell reselection timer: This parameter is used to detect whether a UE is in the state of
frequent cell reselection.
Cell reselection counter: For a UE in CELL_PCH, if the number of cell reselections
exceeds this parameter within the [cell reselection timer], it can be considered that the
UE is in the state of frequent cell reselection, and it will transit to the URA_PCH state.
DCH to FACH transition timer: This parameter is used to detect whether a UE is
stable in low activity.
FACH to PCH transition timer: This parameter is used to detect whether a UE is
stable in low activity.
BE HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer: This parameter is used to detect the stability
of a UE in low activity state in CELL_DCH(with HS-DSCH) state.
BE FACH to DCH 4A threshold: Upper threshold of traffic volume triggering event 4a,
that is, triggering the transition from FACH to DCH.
BE FACH to HS-DSCH 4A threshold: Upper threshold of traffic volume triggering
event 4a, that is, triggering the transition from FACH to DCH (with HS-DSCH).
Realtime Traff DCH or HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer: This timer is used in
detecting whether a real-time service UE in CELL_DCH state is in stable low activity
state.
Realtime Traff DCH or to FACH 4B threshold: This threshold is used to judge
whether a UE is in low activity state. The DtoFStateTransTimer increments 1 every time
the UE in CELL_DCH state reports event 4b.

15
Secondary, for the DCCC Class, the LMT command is SET/LST DCCC, and it includes
parameters:
Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC: The DCCC algorithm capability may be very low
for some Best Effort (BE) service with very low applied maximum rate. The UL DCCC
algorithm does not activate for the BE service whose applied uplink maximum rate is
smaller than or equal to the threshold.
Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC: The DCCC algorithm capability may be very
low for some Best Effort (BE) service with very low applied maximum rate. The DL
DCCC algorithm does not activate for the BE service whose applied downlink maximum
rate is smaller than or equal to the threshold.
DCCC strategy: The velocity of PS BE services adjust strategy in CELL_DCH state.
RATE_UP_AND_DWON strategy permit velocity rate up and rate down.
RATE_UP_ONLY strategy just permit velocity rate up. This means UE can transit from
CELL_DCH to CELL_FACH state at any velocity .
Event Ea relative threshold: Together with the maximum transmit power, it determines
the event Ea threshold of the DL DPCCH power.
Event Eb relative threshold: Together with the maximum transmit power, it determines
the event Eb threshold of the DL DPCCH power.
Event E hysteresis time: The time allowance for the situation where the measured
power is higher than the threshold, so as to avoid the misreporting due to erratic
fluctuation. However, to avoid too more delay, this parameter cannot be set too great. If
it is set as A, the hysteresis time is A*10ms.
Reporting period unit for event E (ChoiceRptUnitForE): The DL code TX power (if
any) will be reported periodically after the event Ea is reported. The reporting period unit
can be 10 ms or min.
Event E reporting period in 10ms: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is
set as TEN_MSEC. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the
event Ea is reported. If it is set as A, the reporting period is A*10ms.
Event E reporting period in min: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is set
as MIN. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the event E is
reported. This parameter is to specify the reporting period.
Event F hysteresis time: The time allowance for the situation where the measured
power is lower than the threshold, so as to avoid the misreporting due to erratic
fluctuation. However, to avoid too more delay, this parameter cannot be set too great. If
it is set as A, the hysteresis time is A*10ms.
Reporting period unit for event F: The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported
periodically after the event Fa is reported. The reporting period unit can be 10 ms or min.
Event F reporting period in 10ms: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForF is
set as TEN_MSEC. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the
event Fa is reported. If it is set as A, the reporting period is A*10ms.
Event F reporting period in min: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is set
as MIN. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the event F is
reported. This parameter is to specify the reporting period.
Downlink BE guarantee bitrate: The default downlink BE guarantee bit rate of the cell.
In radio network planning, the bitrate may be supported in whole cell. The downlink
bitrate of BE service will be reduced to this bitrate when the DL transmit code power is
higher than the threshold of the event Ea. When fails to get the DCCC parameters of
best cell, default value will be used.

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Uplink Rate adjust level: The parameter is used to judge uplink 2 rates or 3 rates
adjusting.
Uplink mid biterate calculate method: The parameter is used to decide the uplink
middle biterate calculate method when 3 rates adjusting.
Uplink mid biterate threshold: Uplink middle rate threshold when use 3 rate adjusting
and middle rate calculate method is HAND_APPOINT.
Downlink Rate adjust level: The parameter is used to judge downlink 2 rates or 3 rates
adjusting.
Downlink mid biterate calculate method: The parameter is used to decide the
downlink middle biterate calculate method when 3 rates adjusting.
Downlink mid biterate threshold: Downlink middle rate threshold when use 3 rate
adjusting and middle rate calculate method is HAND_APPOINT.

Thirdly, for the CellDCCC Class, the LMT command is ADD/MOD/RMV CELLDCCC,
and it includes parameters:
Event E hysteresis time: The time allowance for the situation where the measured
power is higher than the threshold, so as to avoid the misreporting due to erratic
fluctuation. However, to avoid too more delay, this parameter cannot be set too great. If
it is set as A, the hysteresis time is A*10ms.
Reporting period unit for event E (ChoiceRptUnitForE): The DL code TX power (if
any) will be reported periodically after the event Ea is reported. The reporting period unit
can be 10 ms or min.
Event E reporting period in 10ms: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is
set as TEN_MSEC. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the
event Ea is reported. If it is set as A, the reporting period is A*10ms.
Event E reporting period in min: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is set
as MIN. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the event E is
reported. This parameter is to specify the reporting period.
Event F hysteresis time: The time allowance for the situation where the measured
power is lower than the threshold, so as to avoid the misreporting due to erratic
fluctuation. However, to avoid too more delay, this parameter cannot be set too great. If
it is set as A, the hysteresis time is A*10ms.
Reporting period unit for event F (ChoiceRptUnitForF ): The DL code TX power (if
any) will be reported periodically after the event Fa is reported. The reporting period unit
can be 10 ms or min.
Event F reporting period in 10ms: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForF is
set as TEN_MSEC. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the
event Fa is reported. If it is set as A, the reporting period is A*10ms.
Event F reporting period in min: Valid when the parameter ChoiceRptUnitForE is set
as MIN. The DL code TX power (if any) will be reported periodically after the event F is
reported. This parameter is to specify the reporting period.
Downlink BE guarantee bitrate: The downlink guarantee bitrate of the cell. In radio
network planning, the bitrate may be supported in whole cell. The downlink bitrate of BE
service will be reduced to this bitrate when the DL transmit code power is higher than
the threshold of the event Ea.

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DCCC - Strategy

GlobalParaClass

DCCC.Class

Strategy Channel Rate Switching


Transition
Requested RAB rate < DOWNLINK BITRATE THRESHOLD √( D to F )
FOR DCCC or UPLINK BITRATE THRESHOLD FOR DCCC

Requested RAB rate > DOWNLINK BITRATE THRESHOLD RATE_UP_AND_DOWN Step 2 (D to F) Step 1 (D to D)
FOR DCCC or UPLINK BITRATE THRESHOLD FOR DCCC

RATE_UP_ONLY √(D to F)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18

For the Requested RAB rate < Uplink/Downlink Bitrate Threshold For DCCC
service, only channel transition is performed.
For the Requested RAB rate > Uplink/Downlink Bitrate Threshold For DCCC
service, in Huawei implementation, two strategies are provided: one is
RATE_UP_AND_DOWN strategy and the other is RATE_UP_ONLY strategy. And for
RATE_UP_AND_DOWN strategy, if the UE activity is low, firstly the rate switching is
performed (downsizing), secondly the channel transition does (D to F).

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DCCC - Performance Counters

Counter Description

VS.DCCC.C2D.Succ Number of Successful Dynamic Configurations for CCH to DCH Handover

VS.DCCC.D2C.Succ Number of Successful Dynamic Configurations for DCH to CCH Handover

Number of successful dynamic configurations to lower the DL bit rate of the PS BE service.
VS.DCCC.D2D.SuccRateD The channel handover here refers to a handover between DCHs.
own.UE An RNC can initiate a dynamic channel configuration procedure through an RB
reconfiguration procedure or transport channel reconfiguration procedure.

Number of successful dynamic configurations to raise the DL bit rate of the PS BE service.
VS.DCCC.D2D.SuccRateU The channel handover here refers to the handover between DCHs.
p.UE An RNC can initiate a dynamic channel configuration procedure through an RB
reconfiguration procedure or transport channel reconfiguration procedure.

VS.DCCC.D2C.Att Number of handover attempts from DCH to FACH in a cell


VS.DCCC.C2D.Att Number of handover attempts from FACH to DCH in a cell

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 19

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Thank you!

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 20

The last but not the least. We want to use this picture to show that in this
company we stress teamwork as part of corporate culture. So behind every
project, there are over 24000 people supporting it.
That is a brief introduction about the company. Thank you very much.

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