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Published by: Islamic Uprising on Feb 27, 2011
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gp]kpyyh.......

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Mg;fhdpa K];ypkfNs! ;
eprrakhf ,];yhkpa fpyh/gh muRjhd; K];ypkfis ghJfhf;fpdwJ. NkYk; kdpj rKjhaj;jpy; K];ypkfsd; ; ; ; ; me;j];ij mJ cau;jJfpwJ. ,];yhkpa fpyh/gh muR ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; gy E}w;whz;L fhyk; K];ypk; ; rKjhak;jhd; Kd;dzp rKjhakhf tpsq;fp te;jJ. me;j rKjhaj;jpd; gy;fiyf; fofq;fs; cyfpd; ngUkpjkhf fUjg;gl;lJ. K];ypk; rKjhaj;jplKs;s Kw;Nghf;fhd tpQQhd mwpitAk; njhopy; El;gq;fisAk; ; mwpeJ nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L ,];yhj;jpd; nkhopahd muG nkhopia INuhg;gpau;fs; fw;W te;jdu;. NkYk; ; ,];yhkpa ,uhZtk; mjd; gyj;jpwfhfTk; tPujPu nray;fSf;fhfTk; tPu kuzj;ijAk; yl;rpakhff; nfhz;l ; fpyh/gh ,uhZt tPuu;fs; ,];yhkpa g+kpapd; ghJfhg;gpwfhf midj;J Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhz;ltu;fshfTk; ; ,];yhj;jpwfhf Gjpa Gjpa thry;fis jpwe;J tplltu;fshfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ; ; ,Ue;jNghJk; 1924Mk; Mz;L fpyh/gh vd;Dk; K];ypkfspd; ghJfhg;G muz; cilf;fg;gl;l gpwF ; K];ypkfs; mLf;fLf;fhd gy mopTfisr; re;jpjjhu;fs;. kdpjupy; Gdpjuhd ,iwJ}ju; ]y; mtu;fs; ; ; Fwpggpll me;j Xu; ,utpy; tpdDyf gazk; Nkw;nfhz;l k];[pJy; mf;]h ,iw Myak; mike;Js;s ; ; ; ghf;fpak; ngw;w me;j g+kpapy; a+ju;fs; mj;JkPwp Eioe;J Mf;fpukpgG nra;jhu;fs;. xd;wd;gpd; xd;whf ; ,];yhkpa gpuNjrq;fs; jhf;FjYf;F cs;shf;fg;lL gpd; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ. ,ij jLf;Fk; Gdpj ghzpapy; ; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd K];ypk; ngUkf;fs; Nghupll NghJk; F/g;ghu;fs; jhf;Fjiy njhlu;eJ elj;jp te;jhu;fs;. ; ; Mg;fhdpa K];ypk; g+kpia nghUj;jtiu Kd;G fk;a+dp] u\;au;fSk; ,g;NghJ Nkw;fj;jpa vNjr;rjpfhu F/ g;ghu;fSk; ifg;gw;wpapUf;fpwhu;fs;. Kd;G u\;au;fs; nra;jijg; Nghd;W kWrPuikg;G vd;w ngaupy; ,g;NghJ epiynfhz;bUf;Fk; Nkw;fj;jpa tptfhuq;fspYk; jq;fsJ Mjpffj;ij tYg;gLj;jp tUfpwhu;fs;. fyhr;rhu ; Nkyhjpffj;jpd; Kyk; ,];yhkpa khz;Gfis ,opT nra;J jq;fsJ NfLnfl;l Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuj;ij ; jpzpjJ tUfpwhu;fs;. mNj Ntisapy; ,uhZt Nkyhjpffj;jpd; Kyk; Mg;fhdpa ,uhZtj;ij jd; nrhe;j ; ; kf;fSf;nfjpuhf nray;gLk; xU fhty;Jiw gilahf Mf;fptplL mnkupff $l;Lg; gilapd; ,Ug;ig ; ; tYg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s gyte;jkhf Kaw;rpfs; Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpwhu;fs;. ,g;NghJs;s K];ypk; Ml;rpahsu;fs; K];ypkfSf;F vjpuhf F/g;ghu;fspd; ftrq;fshf nray;gLfpwhu;fs;. ; vNjr;rjpfhuthjpfs; Mg;fhd; kPJk; <uhf; kPJk; jhf;Fjy; njhLg;gjw;F ,tu;fs; jiu khu;ffj;jpYk;> fly; ; khu;ffj;jpYk; Mfha khu;ffj;jpYk; gy thry;fis jpwe;J tplbUf;fpwhu;fs;. F/g;ghu;fspd; gilfs; K];ypk; ; ; ; ehLfis Mf;fpukpjjpUe;j NghJk; ,tu;fs; gilfs; mtu;fSf;F ifghitahf ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. NkYk; ; mtu;fis ngUikgLj;Jfpwtu;fshfTk; K];ypkfs; kPJ Mjpffk; nrYj;Jk; nraYf;F MjuT mspggtu;fshfTk; ; ; ; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. gy;NtW nghUshw;wy; ngw;wpUe;Jk; fpyh/gh vDk; ghJfhg;G muz; ,y;yhjjpd; fhuzkhf K];ypk; rKjhak; ,d;W gytPdk; mile;jpUf;fpwJ. ,uhZt Mw;wiy nghWj;jtiu K];ypk; rKjhak; ,d;W yl;rf;fzf;fhd ,uhZt tPuu;fs; nfhz;Ls;sJ. vz;zpfifapYk; tPujPuj;jpYk; cyfpd; kw;w ve;j xU ; ,uhZtj;ij tplTk; Mw;wy; ngw;witahf ,Uf;fpwJ. nghUshjhu Mw;wiy nghWj;j tiu K];ypk; rKjhak; ,d;W ngl;Nuhypa vz;nza;> epythA> fdpktsk; kw;Wk; tptrha epyg;gug;G Mfpatw;wpy; mjpfkhd rpwg;gpid ngw;W jpfo;fpwJ. ,d;Dk; yl;rf;fzf;fhd Mw;wYk; jpwikAk; cs;s Gjy;tu;fisAk; Gjy;tpau;fisAk; ngw;W jpfo;fpwJ.

Mg;fhdpa K];ypk; ngUkf;fNs!
fpyh/gh vd;Dk; ,];yhkpa Ml;rp mikg;G kl;Lk;jhd; ,];yhkpa rKfj;ijAk;> mjd; khu;ffj;ijAk; ; mjd; epyg;gug;GfisAk;. nry;t tsq;fisAk; kw;Wk; mjd; ngUikapidAk; fhj;jpl ,aYk;.]

,iwJ}jy; ]y; mtu;fs; mwptpjjhu;fs;: ;
fpyh/gh xd;Wjhd; K];ypkfspd; ghJfhg;G muz; mjw;F gpd; epdwtu;fshf K];ypkfs; NghupLthu;fs;. ; ; ; NkYk; mijf; nfhz;Nl mtu;fs; ghJfhg;G ngWthu;fs;. gy E}w;whz;Lfshf ,];yhkpa fpyh/gh muRjhd; cyfpd; Kd;dzp murhf jpfo;eJ te;jpUf;fpwJ. ; NkYk; ,];yhj;jpd; Kykhf kl;LNk K];ypkfs; gpuptpid vd;Dk; nfhLe;jPapypUe;J vOe;J xd;Wgl;l xNu ; rKjhakhf Mw;wkpff xU ehlhf Mf KbAk;. ; my;yh`; (RG) K];ypkfis nkhop> ,dk;> kj;`g; Mfpa gpuptpid rpejidia tplLtplL xNu rKjhakhf ; ; ; ; xd;W NrUk;gb fl;lis ,Lfpwhd;.

Mg;fhdpa K];ypkfNs! ;
ePqfs; tPuk; nrupejtu;fs;! ,];yhkpa Kd;dzp gpuNjrj;jpy; tho;tplj;ijg; ngw;wtu;fs;! F/g;ghu;fspd; ; ; Nkyhjpffj;ij rupjjpuj;jpd; neba ghij KOtJk; epuhfupjJ ntd;wtu;fs;!! ePqfs;jhd; ,];yhj;jpd; ; ; ; ; Gjy;tu;fs; kw;Wk; Gjy;tpau;fs; cq;fs; ngUikkpF Kd;Ndhu;fs; tho;tpd; xt;nthU mirtpYk; ,];yhj;ij NkNyhq;f itj;jtu;fs;. ePqfs; mf;fpukj;jpd; cr;r fl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;j Mq;fpy Vfhjpgj;jpaj;jpd; typikahd ; gilfSf;F fLikahd ghlj;ij Gfl;batu;fs;. ePqfs; Mw;wy;kpff Nrhtpaj; NguuRf;F vjpuhf vOe;J ; ; fLe;jhf;Fjy; Gupejtu;fs;. mjd; fhuzkhf mjd; fk;a+dp] muR cile;J Rf;F E}whf rpjwpaJ. murpay; ; uPjpapYk; rpjjhe;j uPjpapYk; mJ nehWf;Fz;lJ. ePqfs; ,g;NghJ Nkw;fj;jpa vNjr;rjpfhu rf;jpfSf;nfjpuhf ; ; Nghuhb mjw;F mr;rj;ij cz;Lgz;ZfpwPufs;. mjd; fhuzkhf cq;fs; g+kpapy; fhY}d;w ,ayhky; ; mtu;fs; jtpffpwhu;fs;. ; vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf ePqfs; ,WjpJ}ju; Kj;jpiu egpapd; topjNjhd;wy;fs;! me;j ngUkfdhu; fpyh/gh ; ; muR kPzLk; cjakhtJ FwpjJ mwptpjJ ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ; ; ; “.......... gpwF EGtj;jpd; mbr;Rtl;bd; kPJ xU fpyh/gh Vw;gLk;”. - ,khk; m`;kjpd; K];djpy; ,J mwptpffg;gl;Ls;sJ. ; Mg;fhdpy; ,aq;fptUk; `p]G jf;upu; gzpia Nehf;fp cq;fis miof;fpwJ! mjd; Mw;wy;kpff ,isQu;fs; ; ; JUf;fpapypUe;J ,e;Njhdp\pah tiu vfpgJ Kjy; kj;jpa Mrpah tiu gzpGupeJ tUfpwhu;fs;. MfNt ,e;j ; ; ew;gzpapy; cq;fSf;Fs; Nghl;baplLf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,g;NghJs;s nghk;ik muRfis ePffptplL mjd; ; ; ; ,lj;jpy; ,];yhj;ij-,];yhkpa fpyh/gh Ml;rpia mku;jJk; khngUk; Kaw;rpapy; cq;fis ePqfNs ,izj;Jf; ; ; nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yh`; (RG) thf;fspj;jpUf;fpwhd;> cq;fspy; vtu; <khd; nfhz;L ew;nray; Gupfpwhu;fNsh mtu;fis mtu;fSf;F Kd;gpUe;Njhiu Ml;rpapy; mku;jjpaJ Nghy; g+kpfF mjpgjpahf itg;gjhfTk; ,d;Dk; mtd; mtu;fSf;fhf nghUe;jpf; nfhz;l ; ; khu;ffj;jpy; eprrakhf mtu;fis epiygLj;JtjhfTk; mtu;fSila mr;rj;ij jpllkhf mikjpia nfhz;L ; ; ; khw;wp tpLtjhfTk; thf;fspffpwhd;. (R+uh 24:55) ;

gp]kpyyh`;........... ; ; ghy];jPdk; tPorrp miltjw;F tplLf;nfhLj;j ,];yhkpa ehLfspd; Ml;rpahsu;fs; xUKiwNaDk; ntl;fp ; ; ; jiy Fdptjw;F ,J cfe;j Neuk; my;yth? ,];yhkpa ehLfspYs;s K];ypk; ,uhZt tPuu;fspd; euk;GfspYs;s ,uj;jk; nfhjpjJ K];ypkfSf;fhfTk; ; ; ,];yhj;jpd; khz;GfSf;fhfTk; gpupeJ Nghuhl cldbahf mtu;fs; rpypujJ vOtjw;F ,J Kw;wpYk; ; ; ; rupahd Neuk; my;yth? K];ypkfNs! ; xU a+j ,uhZt tPud; Nghupd; NghJ gpbf;fg;gl;lhd;. mtd; tPlbypUe;J flj;jg;gltpyiy. ,jd; ; ; fhuzkhf a+j muR cyfpid jiyfPohf Gul;b ,ij kpf kpf Kf;fpa tp\akhf Mf;fptpllJ. ; Mapuf;fzf;fhd ekJ K];ypk; kf;fs; rpiwthrpfshfTk;> rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;ltu;fshfTk; ,Uf;Fk;NghJmtu;fspy; Mz;fSk;> ngz;fSk;> Foe;ijfSk;> Kjpatu;fSk; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ-,];yhj;jpd; Gdpjkhd khz;Gfs; kPwg;gl;bUf;Fk;NghJ> ekJ Gdpj jyq;fs; ,opTf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;NghJ> ,uTk; gfYk; vz;zpylq;fhj mopTfs; a+ju;fshy; ek;kPJ Nghlg;gl;bUf;Fk;NghJ ,itnay;yhk; ekJ Ml;rpahsu;fSf;F Kf;fpakhd tp\akhf njd;gltpyiy. ,e;j tp\ak; mtu;fs; mDjhgk; fhl;Ltjw;F Kw;wpYk; jFjp tha;ejjhf ,Ue;Jk; ; ; ,JFwpjj cz;ikapid mtu;fs; xU thu;jij $l Ngr Kd;tutpyiy. ; ; ; ,e;epiyapy; ,tu;fs; me;j a+jd; gj;jpukhfTk;> ghJfhg;ghfTk; kPl;fg;gLtjw;F kj;jpa];ju;fshf nray;gLfpwhu;fs;. ,d;Dk; ,iwtdplk; ifNae;jp gpuhu;jjid nra;fpwhu;fs;. ; ghy];jPdj;jpy; rl;ltpNuhjkhf td;Kiwapy; mikf;fg;gl;l a+j muR jd; kf;fspd; tptfhuq;fSf;F Kw;wpYk; jhd;jhd; nghWg;G vd;W vz;zpf; nfhs;fpwJ. mtu;fSf;fhf mJ vg;NghJk; Xa;tpdwp rpejpffpwJ. ; ; ; xt;nthU a+jdpd; eyKk; murpd; eykhf> mtDila rpwg;G murpd; eykhf fUjg;gLfpwJ. MfNtjhd; xU a+jdpd; ,og;G kpf Kf;fpa gpur;ridahf fUjg;gl;L> murpd; midj;J Mw;wy;fSk; mtid kPlgjw;F KLf;fp ; tplg;gl;bUf;fpdwd. ; ekJ ,];yhkpa kz;zpYs;s muRfisg; nghWj;jtiu kd;du;fspd; murhfTk;> mjpgu;fspd; murhfTk; mit ,Uf;fpdwd. me;j ehLfspd; Ml;rpahsu;fSf;F jiytyp Vw;gl;lhy;$l mjd; nghUl;L ehNl xUtpj ; mikjpaw;w epiyf;F Ml;gl;L tpLfpwJ. Mdhy; ehLk;> ehl;L kf;fSk; mopTf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;L> mjd; Ml;rpahsu;fs; kl;Lk; ghJfhg;ghf ,Ue;jhy; mJ xU ntw;wpahfNt fUjg;gLfpwJ. a+ju;fSldhd Nghu; ,jw;F njspthd MjhukhFk;. ghy];jdKk; mjid R+o cs;s gFjpfSk; a+ju;fshy; Mf;fpukpffg;gl;bUf;Fk; P ; NghJ ,J xU Njhy;tpahfNt mtu;fSf;F Njhd;wtpyiy. Vnddpy; mjd; jiytu;fs; ghJfhg;ghf ; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; my;yth?! ,e;j jiytu;fs; jhf;fg;glhky; ,Ug;gJ a+ju;fspd; Njhy;tp vd;gJ mtu;fspd; vz;zk;! K];ypkfNs! ; mtu;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,e;j jPa fhupaj;ij vz;zp me;j Ml;rpahsu;fs; ntl;fp jiyFdpa ,J jFe;j jUzk; my;yth? rl;ltpNuhj a+j murpd; Fbkfdhd xU a+jtPud; kPlfg;gLtjw;F a+ju;fSf;Fk;> ; K];ypkfSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; Ngr;Rthu;jij vd;w kj;jpa];jk; nra;Ak; ,tu;fs; Mapuf;fzf;fhd K];ypkfis ; ; ; a+j murpd; Nfhug;gpbapypUe;J tpLtpffNth my;yJ mtu;fspd; NfLnfl;l fuq;fspypUe;j Gdpj g+kpia ; kPlgjw;Nfh ,tu;fs; ve;j xU Kaw;rpAk; nra;atpyiy. ; ; K];ypk; ehLfspYs;s ,uhZt tPuu;fspd; uj;j ehsq;fspy; XLk; FUjp nfhjpjJ ghy];jPdj;jpwfhfTk;> ; ; mjd; kf;fSf;fhfTk; vOe;J Nghuho ntw;wpNah my;yJ tPukuzNkh miltjw;F ,J cfe;j Neuk; my;yth? ,uhZt mzptFg;gpy; epdW Ml;rpahsu;fs; vd;w Nt\j;jpy; tUk; NfhiofSf;F ry;a+l; mbj;J ; epwgij tpl ,J Nkd;ikahdjy;yth? ; ,e;j ,uhZt tPuu;fs; ghy];jPdj;jpy; a+ju;fs; Gupej ml;^opaq;fisAk;> mepahaq;fisAk; mwpahjtu;fsh? ; my;yJ mtu;fs; ekJ ,];yhkpa khz;GfisAk; ekJ Gdpj jyq;fisAk; ,opTgLj;jpaij kwe;J tplbUf;fpwhu;fsh? ; Gdpj g+kpapd; kPJ Mf;fpukpgghsu;fspd; ,uj;jk; xl;lg;gl;l gioa tuyhWfisAk;> me;j kz;zpd; xt;nthU ; Jfy;fSk; K[h`pJfspd; Fjpiufspd; fhybfs; vOg;gpa J}RfisAk; mtu;fspd; Gdpj ,uj;jq;fspd; gbtj;ijAk; ,tu;fs; vz;zpgghu;ff khl;lhu;fsh? ; ;

,e;j Ml;rpahsu;fs; a+ju;fNshL ifNfhu;j;Jf; nfhz;L nra;Ak; murpay; rjp nray;fis mwpe;J nfhs;stpyiyah? a+ju;fs; nra;Ak; ml;^opaq;fisAk;> mlf;FKiwfisAk; fz;Lk; fhzhjtu;fs; Nghy; ; ,e;j Ml;rpahsu;fs; kTdk; fhf;fpwhu;fs;. ,];yhkpa ehLfspd; kPJ tp]thrk; cilatu;fshf ,Ue;jhy; ; ,ij ,tu;fs; rpe;jpf;f Ntz;lhkh? mnkupf;fhtpd; jiyikapYs;s F/g;ghu;fspd; vNjr;rjpfhujpw;F cl;gl;ltu;fshf ePqfs; ,aq;f Ntz;Lkh? ,e;j F/g;ghu;fs; a+ju;fSf;F epjpiaAk;> MAjj;ijAk;> gil ; gyj;ijAk; nfhLj;J mtu;fis Mjupffpwhu;fs;. ,tu;fspd; eyd;fs; ,];yhkpa g+kpapy; ghJfhg;ghf ,Ug;gjw;F ; ekJ Ml;rpahsu;fs; JizapUg;gjhy; mtu;fs; jpUg;jpNahLk; ghJfhg;NghLk; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. MfNt ghy];jPdj;jpd; tPorrpfF tplLf; nfhLj;Jtpll ,e;j Ml;rpahsu;fs; ntl;fg;gLtjw;F - xUKiw ; ; ; ; ; NaDk; ntl;fg;gLtjw;F ,J jFe;j Neuk;jhd;! K];ypkfNs! ; “nfLjyhd tp\aq;fs; rpy Ntisfspy; ed;ikia Vw;gLj;JtJz;L” vd;W xU gonkhop $WfpwJ. ,q;F tp\ak; ,t;thWjhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. Vnddpy; a+j ,uhZt tPudpd; ,e;j rk;gtk; ,Utpthjq;fspy; K];ypkfSf;F ed;ikahfNt Kbe;jpUf;fpwJ. ; Kjyhtjhf: Nghuhsp mikg;GfSf;fpilapy; ,Ue;j gu];gu gif xU ngUk; Nghuhf cUthf ,Ue;j R+o;epiyapy> a+j ; tPudpd; rk;gtk; mij jpir jpUg;gpapUf;fpwJ. ,J xU ek;gpfifia Vw;gLj;jpapUf;fpwJ. ,J njhlu;eJ ; ; cWjpngw Ntz;Lk;. ,uz;lhtjhf: ,J kpff Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej tp\akhFk;. ifjpfs; Mtzk;- Prisoner’s Document vd;w murpay; xg;ge;jk; ; ; ghy];jPd [dhjpgjpAk;> gpujk ke;jpupAk; fye;J nfhs;s ,Ue;j nra;jp Clf (Press Conference) $l;lj;jpy; mq;fPfupff ,Ue;j jpllk; jw;fhypfkhf jilg;gl;LtpllJ. ,e;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; \uj;Jg;gb ghy];jPdk; ; ; ; ,UehLfshf gpupffg;gLk;. 1948y; a+ju;fs; FbNawpa g+kp a+ju;fspd; ehlhfTk;> 1967y; ghy];jPd K];ypk; ; kf;fs; trpjJ te;j g+kp ghy];jPd ehlhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. K];ypkfs; ,ij njspthf mwpeJ nfhz;lhy; ,J ; ; ; xU ngUk; kuz mb vd;gij czu;eJ nfhs;thu;fs;. ; ghy];jPdj;ij ,uz;lhf gpupggij K];ypkfs; xUNghJk; Vw;f khl;lhu;fs;. ,J ghf;fpak; ngw;w ,];yhkpa ; ; g+kpahFk;. ,];yhj;jpd; kpf Kf;fpa gFjpahFk;. ,jd; xU mq;Fy epyj;ijf;$l tplLf;nfhLg;gJ ngupa ; jPqF MFk;. ,jpy; murpay; Nguj;jpwF ,lq;nfhLg;gJ kpfg;ngupa JNuhf nrayhFk;. ghy];jPdKk; mjd; ; ; kf;fSk; K];ypkfspd; ek;gpfifahFk;. ; ; “tp]thrpfNs! ePqfs; my;yh`;tpwFk;> mtDila J}jUf;Fk; Nkhrk; nra;ahjPufs;. ePqfs; mwpeJ ; ; ; ; ; ; nfhz;Nl cq;fsplKs;s mkhdpjg; nghUl;fis Nkhrk; nra;ahjPufs;. (R+uh md;/ghy; 8:27) ;

gp]kpyyh`;........ ; ;

,];yhkpa ek;gpfif: flTs; ek;gpfiff;F Mjhuk;: ; ;
,];yhj;jpy; ek;gpfif nfhs;tJk; mjid njhlu;eJ ,];yhkpa mbg;gilapy; tho;fifia mikj;Jf; ; ; ; nfhs;tJ Mfpait mwpthu;ej rpejidapd; mbg;gilapy; kl;LNk Vw;gLk;. MfNt ,];yhk; vd;gJ xU kjNkh ; ; my;yJ FUl;L ek;gpfifapd; mbg;gilapy; ,Uf;Fk; rlq;F rk;gpujhaNkh my;y. khwhf ,];yhk; vd;gJ xU ; mwpthu;ej rpejidapd; kPJ mike;j cWjpahd ek;gpfifahFk;. mjdbg;gilapypUe;J KOikahd r%f ; ; ; murpay; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu nfhs;iffis cila Ml;rpKiw gpwf;fpwJ. ,];yhk; toq;Fk; jdpjJtk; ; tha;ej Ml;rpKiwia ehk; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkdpy; ,];yhkpa ek;gpfifiag; gw;wp tpsq;fpf; nfhs;tJ ; ; mtrpakhfpwJ. mjhtJ flTs;-muG nkhopapy; my;yh`;(RG) flTspd; thu;jij Fu;Md; ,itfis gw;wp ; mwpeJ nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ;

flTs; ek;gpfiff;F MjuthfTk;> vjpuhfTk; cs;s tpthjq;fs;: ;

,d;W flTisg; gw;wpf; $wpdhy; ngUk;ghYk; vjpukiwahd tpisTjhd; Vw;gLfpwJ. flTs; ,Uf;fpwhuh ; my;yJ ,y;iyah vd;w Nfs;tpiag; gw;wp ve;jtpj ftiyAk; nfhs;shky; myl;rpakhf ,Ug;gJjhd; kdpju;fspd; ,d;iwa epiyg;ghlhf cs;sJ. cz;ikapy; ,e;j Nfs;tp gz;ila fhyq;fspy; Nfl;fg;gLtNj ,y;iy. fhuzk; xd;W flTs; ek;gpfifia Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; my;yJ jz;lizf;Fs;shf Ntz;Lk;. MfNt ; flTs; ek;gpfif vd;gJ xU Guhzfij vd;W vspjhf vz;zpfnfhz;bUg;gjpy; ve;jtpj Mr;rupaKk; ,y;iy. ; ; Vnddpy; xUNghJk; ,e;j tp\aj;ijg; gw;wp Mokhf rpejpjjJ ,y;iy. ,jw;F fhuzk; kdpju;fs; njhlu;eJ ; ; ; flTis ek;Gtjpy; xU FUl;Lj;jdj;ijNa gpdgw;Wfpwhu;fs;. mjhtJ gFj;jwpTf;F nghUe;jhj FUl;L ek;gpfif ; ; ,g;NghJ mwptpaYk; gpugQ;r epfo;Tfisg; gw;wp tpsf;fq;fs; Gjpa flTshf Nghw;wg;gLfpd;wd. Mdhy; ehk; ,q;F epiyfisg; gw;wpAk; tpthjpg;Nghk;. flTs; ek;gpf;iff;F ,zf;fkhfTk;> vjpuhfTk; ,e;j tptfhuj;ij nfhz;L nry;Nthk;. ,e;j tpthjk; gFj;jwpT fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fpU];jtu;fSk; kw;w rpy rkaj;jtu;fSk; nghJthf flTSf;F md;G> rhe;jp> fUiz Nghd;w gz;Gfs; ,Ug;gjhf tpthjpffpdw cau;ej Fzeyd;fs;jhd;. cs;mu;jjk; ; ; ; ; nfhLf;ff;$ba a+fj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; flTspd; Fzeyd;fs; tpsf;fg;gl;L. kdpj gz;GfNshL mJ ,izf;fg;gl;L ,Wjpapy; flTis kdpj ,yf;fzj;jpy; GupeJ nfhs;Sk; epiy Vw;gl;LtpllJ. ,jd; gbNa goq;fhy fpNuf;f ; ; r%fj;jpy; jdpfflTs; xUtUf;F kdpjUf;Fupa gz;GfSk; kw;w rpy rkaq;fspy; flTSf;F re;jjpfis cw;gj;jp ; nra;Ak; jd;ikAk; ,Ug;gjhf ek;gg;gl;lJ. flTs; ekJ Gyd; mwpTfSf;F mg;ghw;gl;ltuhf ,Uf;Fk;NghJ FWfpa FiwAs;s kdpj mwpitf; nfhz;L vy;iyapyyhj gilg;ghsdhd flTis mwpeJ nfhs;s ,aYkh ; ; vd;w Nfs;tp ,q;F vOfpwJ! mwpthu;ej rpejid flTs; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;W ekf;F cWjpahf Rl;bf;fhl;LfpwJ. ; ; gpwF flTspd; gz;Gfs; gw;wp fUj;J mjpypUe;J kl;Lk;jhd; ngwg;gl Ntz;Lk;. MfNt gQ;rj;jhy; gy;yhapuk; kdpju;fs; kuzkiltJ ,e;j gpugQ;rj;ij eputfpfFk; flTspd; ePjp> fUiz> md;G Mfpa gz;Gfis kWf;fhJ ; ; vd;why; flTs; nfhLf;Fk; ,e;j kuzq;fs; mwpTf;F nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;fhJ. fpU];jtKk; kw;w rkaq;fSk; ,e;j mbg;gilapy; Njhy;tpAWfpdwd. fhuzk; mitfspd; ek;gpfif FUl;Lj;jdkhJ. Kbthf gFj;jwpT ; ; rpejid Kuz;ghLfSf;Fs; mtu;fNs jhq;fshf tpOe;J> jq;fSf;F jhq;fNs kpFe;j f\;lq;fis Vw;gLj;jpf; ; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. ,jdhy; ,tu;fs; rku;ggpfFk; flTs; nfhs;iffs; mwpthu;ej Kiwapy; kWf;fg;gLtJ jtpuff ; ; ; ; ; Kbahj fhupakhfp tpLfpwJ. flTs; ek;gpfifia kWf;Fk; mwptpay; uPjpapyhd Nfhl;ghLfis nghWj;jtiu mitfs; xg;Gf; nfhs;sf; ; $baJjhdh? ,e;j tpthjj;jpwF vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;l ve;j xU tp\aj;ijg; gw;wpAk; mwpeJ nfhs;s ; ; Ntz;Lkhdhy;> mitfs; cUthd mbg;gilfis ehk; Kjypy; Muha Ntz;Lk;.

mwptpay; vd;gJ ngsjPf cyfj;jpd; jd;ikiaAk; mjd; epfo;TfisAk; mwpAk; eilKiwahFk;. mjhtJ vt;thW vd;W Muha;tNjhL epd;WtpLk;. Vd; vd;w Nfs;tpfF xUNghJk; tpil fpilahJ. MfNt mwptpay; ; mwpQu;fs; <u;gG tpir Vd; Vw;gl;lJ vd;w Nfs;tpiag; gw;wp ftiyg;gl khl;lhu;fs;. vt;thW mJ gpugQ;rj;jpd; ; cUthf;fj;jpy; Mjpffk; nrYj;JfpwJ vd;gijj;jhd; Muha;rrp nra;thu;fs;. ; ; mwptpay; Ma;T Kiwfs; njhlu;eJ gyKiw $u;eJ ftdpggjpypUe;J (Observation) ngwg;gLk; ,aw;if ; ; ; tpjpfis mwpeJ nfhs;tNjhL kl;Lk; mlq;fp tpLfpwJ. flTs; ,Uf;fpwhuh vd;w ,e;j Nfs;tp xUNghJk; ; mwptpay; mwpTf;Fs; tuhJ. Vnddpy; mwptpay; vd;gJ ,e;j gpugQ;rj;jpd; [lg;nghUl;fspd; khw;wq;fisAk; mjd; ,af;fq;fisAk; mwpeJ nfhs;tjhFk;. Gyd; mwpTf;F vl;lhj tp\aq;fs; ,jpy; mlq;fhJ. a+fj;jpypUe;J ; vOk; xU nfhs;ifia mwptpay; Mjhuq;fspd; mbg;gilf;F cl;gLj;JtJNghy> flTs; ek;gpfiff;F ; ,zf;fkhfTk;> vjpuhfTk; ,Nj Kiwia ifahSk; gl;rj;jpy; flTs; vd;gtu; gupNrhjid %yk; mwpaf;

$batu; vd;w fUj;ij Nehf;fp ek;ik ,l;Lr; nry;Yk;. MfNt ju;ff Kiwapy; xUtu; ,e;j gpugQ;rj;jpwFs; ; ; jhd; flTs; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;W $wKbAk;. ,jd;gb flTs; xU vy;iyf;Fs; mlq;fp tpLfpwhu;. flTs; jd;ik ,t;thW ,Uf;f KbahJ. mt;thW ,Ue;jhy; mJ flTshf ,Uf;fTk; KbahJ. ,t;thW FUl;L ek;gpfif nfhz;l kjthjpfs; rpffpf; nfhs;Sk; mNj nghwpapy; mwptpay; mwpQu;fSk; ; ; rpffpf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. mjhtJ flTs; nghUl;fis ,af;fpf; nfhz;bUg;gtu; vd;w mu;jjj;jpy; kjthjpfs; ; ; tpsq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. mwptpay; mwpQu;fs; nghUl;fs; vt;thW ,aq;Ffpdwd vd;gij mwptpay; ; uPjpahf tpsf;fp njspTgLj;jp tpLtjhy; flTisg;gw;wpa Ngr;R mq;F vOtNj ,y;iy. ,e;j Nfhzj;jpy; tpthjk; nra;gtu;fs;> fpU];jtu;fs; flTSf;F xU kfd; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;Wk; mtu; md;gpd; cUthdtu; vd;Wk; $Wtijg; NghyNt jtwhf flTspd; jd;ikgw;wp a+fpjJ NgRfpwhu;fs;. xU gilg;ghsd; ,Uf;fpwhu; ; my;yJ ,y;iy vd;W ehk; ep&gpggjw;F mwptpay; Kiwfspd; vy;iyfis fle;J mwpthu;ej rpejid ; ; ; kl;Lk;jhd; flTs; Nfhl;ghl;il vjpunfhs;s KbAk;. ; mwpthu;e;j rpe;jid: kdpjd; jd;idr; Rw;wp ,Ug;gitfisg; gw;wp rpejid nra;tjhy; Kd;Ndw;wk; milfpwhd;. rpejid jhd; ; ; kdpjid kw;w capupdq;fspypUe;J gpupjJ jdpjJtj;ij mspffpwJ. rpejid ,y;iynad;why; mtd; ; ; ; ; tPoeJ tpLthd;. Ik;Gyd;fs; %ykhf kdpjd; jfty;fisg; ngWk;NghJ rpejid mtd; kdjpy; Vw;gLfpwJ. ; ; ; gpwF mtd; me;j jfty;fis jd;dplKs;s Ke;ija jfty;fNshL njhlu;GgLj;jp GupeJ nfhs;fpwhd;. ; cjhuzkhf xUtu; xU jhtuj;jpd; gf;fk; tUfpwhu;. mtuplKs;s Ke;ija jfty;fisf; nfhz;L jhtuj;jpd; Njhw;wj;ij czu;eJ te;J jhtuk;jhd; vd;W czu;eJ nfhs;fpwhu;. Mdhy; mtuplKs;s gy;NtW tifahd ; ; jhtuj;jpd; Ke;ija jfty;fspd; mbg;gilapyjhd; mJ cz;zf;$ba jhtuNkh my;yJ tp\j;jd;ik ; cila jhtukh vd;W $wKbAk;. MfNt Ik;Gyd;fs; topahf jfty; kl;Lk; fpilj;jhy;> mJ rpejidf;F NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;fhJ. ekJ ; kdjpy; Ke;ija jfty;fs; ,y;iynadpy; ek;khy; xd;iwg;gw;wp mwpeJ nfhs;sNth> rpejid nra;aNth ; ; KbahJ. MfNt Ke;ija jfty;fSld; Gyd;fspypUe;J fpilf;Fk; jfty;fis ,izj;J kdjpy; eilngWk; xU nray;ghq;Fjhd; (Process) rpe;jid vd;gJ. ,Jjhd; mwpthw;wy; tsu;r;rpf;Fk;> Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;Fk; mtrpakhdjhFk;. ; Kbthf xU kdpjd; xU (concept) rpejidapd; cz;ikj; jd;ikia cWjpahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; mJ mtid nray;gLj;Jk; ek;gpfifahf khwp mtDila elj;ijapy; mJ ntspggLfpwJ. cjhuzkhf ehk; ; ; xU kdpjd; kPJ ntWg;G vd;w fUj;ij nfhz;bUe;Njhkhdhy; mJ me;j kdpjdplk; ehk; ele;J nfhs;Sk; tpjj;jpy; vjpnuhypffpwJ. MfNt cs;sj;jpy; jtwhd fUj;ij ehk; nfhz;bUe;jhy; mJ Nkhrkhd epiyia ; cz;lhf;FfpwJ vd;gij ehk; mwpfpdNwhk;. ,j;jifa jtwhd fUj;Jf;fs; kdpju;fs; cs;sj;jpy; mjpfkhd ; msT ,Ue;jhy; mJ r%fj;jpy; xU Nflhd R+o;epiyia cz;lhf;Fk; vd;gJ njspT. MfNt flTs; ek;gpfif gw;wp Nfs;tp ngupa tpisTfis Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. Vnddpy; ,e;j Nfs;tpfF ; ; fpilf;Fk; gjpy; ehk; kdpjidg; gw;wpAk; tho;tpaiyg; gw;wpAk; gpugQ;rj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ehk; rpejpfFk; mbg;gilf;F ; ; Mjhukhf ,Uf;fpwJ. MfNt flTs; ek;gpfifiag; gw;wpa Nfs;tpfF ehk; tpilfhZk; topKiw mwpthu;ej ; ; ; jhfTk;> gFj;jwpTf;F ,ire;jjhfTk;> KOikahdjhfTk;> ajhu;jjj;Jld; ,ize;J Nghff;$bajhfTk; ; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. a+fj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyh> czu;rrpapd; mbg;gilapNyh cs;s fUj;Jf;fis ehk; epuhfupjJ ; ; tpl Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; mjd; mbg;gilfs; mwpTf;Fk;> vjhu;jjj;Jf;Fk; Kuz;gLfpwJ. ; ehk; ek;ikr;Rw;wp cs;s midj;Jg; nghUl;fisAk; ghu;fFk; NghJ vy;yhk; xU tiuaiwf;F cl;gl;ljhf ; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;. tiuaiwf;F cl;gl;lJ vd;why; mitfs; Jtf;fk; KbT vd;w fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; ,Uf;fpdwd. NkYk; mitfs; vy;yhk; Gyd; mwpTf;F vl;lf;$ba tiuaiwf;Fs; ,Uf;fpdwd. ; ; kdpjd; gpwf;fpdwhd; gpdG ,wf;fpdwhd;. ,wg;ig fle;j xU kdpjd; $l ,q;F gpwg;gjpyiy. mtd; ; ; ; ; tho;ehspy; xU Fwpggpll msTf;F tsu;rrp> vil> cUtk; Mfpatw;wpy; tsu;rrp milfpwhd;. ; ; ; ; gpugQ;rk; vd;gJ tpzzpy; Rw;Wk; Nfhs;fspd; njhFg;G vd;W tpsq;fg;gLfpwJ. ,itfs; ahTk; xU ; Fwpggpll msT jpzkk;> tbtk;> nfhs;ssT Mfpait nfhz;litahf ,Uf;fpdwd. xU el;rj;jpuj;jpd; ; ; ; ; tho;ehs; kpf ePzljhf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; xU fhy fl;lk; tUk;. mg;NghJ mJ ,y;yhky; MfptpLk;. ; gpugQ;rk; vd;gJ kpf tpupej xd;Wjhd; vd;whYk; mJ xU tiuaiwf;Fk;> vy;iyf;Fk; cl;gl;lJjhd;. ; gpugQ;rj;Jf;F vy;iy ,y;iy vd;W ve;j mwptpay; mwpQUk; jk;kplKs;s gykhd jfty;fisf; nfhz;L$l

flTs; ek;gpfiff;F mwpthu;ej Mjhuk;: ; ;

ep&gdk; nra;jjpyiy. gpugQ;rk; khngUk; gpsT vd;w epfo;tpypUe;J ntspggl;lJ vd;Wk; mJ njhlu;eJ ; ; ; tpupeJ nfhz;L nry;Yk; jd;ikAilaJ vd;W ehk; $Wk;NghJ mjd; vy;iyiaAk;> msitAk; ,ay;ghfNt ; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. ,y;iynadpy; mJ tpupa KbahJ. vjhu;jjj;jpy; vJTk; vy;iyaw;wjhf ,Uf;ftpyiy ; ; vd;gij ehk; mwpfpNwhk;. kdpjd; vt;tsT fbdkhf Kad;whYk;> mtidr; Rw;wp ve;j nghUSk; vy;iyaw;wjhf mtdhy; ghu;ff KbahJ. mtd; ghu;ggnjy;yhk; vy;iyf;Fl;gl;lJjhd;. ; ; ek;ikr;Rw;wpAs;s nghUl;fspd; jd;ik gw;wp NkYk; tpsf;Ftnjd;why; mitfs; epiyj;jpUg;gjw;F kw;w nghUl;fis rhu;eJ ,Uf;Fk; Njit cilaitfshf ,Uf;fpdwd. mit RakhfNth my;yJ Rje;jpukhfNth ; ; ,Ug;gjpyiy. kdpjDf;F Njit ,Uf;fpwJ. mtd; tho;tjw;fhf cly; uPjpapyhd Njitfis g+u;jjp nra;a ; ; Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. mtd; tho Ntz;Lk;nkdpy; cz;z Ntz;Lk;. gUf Ntz;Lk;. ,y;iynadpy; mtd; ,we;J tpLthd;. tpyq;fpdj;jpYk;> jhtu ,dj;jpYk; mitfspd; NjitiaAk; rhu;ejpUf;Fk; jd;ikapidAk; ; ehk; fhz;fpNwhk;. mitfs; kw;w capupdq;fspd; czT rq;fpypapy; rhu;eJ ,Uf;fpdwd. ePupd; Row;rp ; ; R+upaid rhu;ejpUf;fpwJ. R+upad; mz;l ntspapd; tpjpfisAk; jd;dpy; vupeJ nfhz;bUf;Fk; nghUl;fspd; ; ; jpzkj;jpd; epiyapidAk; rhu;eJ ,Uf;fpwJ. ,t;thW $wpfnfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;. kdpjd; Rakhf ,aq;Fk; ; ; ; vijAk; ghu;ff KbahJ. MfNt nghUl;fs; ,Uf;fpdwd. Mdhy; mitfs; kw;w nghUl;fis rhu;eJjhd; ; ; ; ,Uf;f KbAk;. mitfs; mopAk; NghJ jd;idf; fhj;Jf; nfhs;s KbahJ. kw;w nghUSk; mij fhg;ghw;w KbahJ. kw;w nghUSk; mij fhg;ghw;w KbahJ. ,e;j tp\aq;fspypUe;J xU cz;ik ntspggLfpwJ. xU nghUs; vy;iyf;F cl;gl;ljhfTk;> tiuaiwf;F ; cl;gl;ljhfTk;> Rakhf ,aq;f rf;jp ,y;yhjjhfTk; ,Ue;jhy;> mJ eprrak; gilf;fg;gl;l xd;whfj;jhd; ; ,Uf;f KbAk;. ,ij vy;yh nghUl;fSf;Fk; nghUj;Jk;NghJ xU KbTf;F ek;khy; tu,aYfpwJ. gpugQ;rj;jpy; cs;s vy;yh nghUl;fSk; jhdhf Rakhf epiyj;jpUf;f rf;jp ngw;wjhf ,y;yhJ ,Ug;gjhy; NkYk; xU vy;iyf;F cl;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gjhYk;> xU tiuaiwf;Fs; mlq;fptpLtjhYk; mitfs; gilf;fg;gl;ld vd;W Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ mwpthu;ej> jtpuff Kbahj fUj;jhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,ij njhlu;eJ xU gilg;ghsd; ; ; ; ; ,Uf;fpwhdh vd;w NgUz;ik ep&gdk; MfpwJ. ,e;j gilg;ghsd; vy;iyaw;wtdhfTk;> Njitaw;wtdhfTk;> Rakhf ,Ug;gtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhd;. ,e;j gpugQ;rk; tiuaiwf;F cl;gl;l nghUl;fspd; njhFg;ghf ,Ug;gjhy; mJTk; xU vy;iyf;F cl;gl;lJjhd;. NkYk; gpugQ;rk; VNjh xd;iw rhu;ejJjhd; ,Ue;jhf Ntz;Lk;. mJ vd;d? mij ; (gpugQ;rj;ij) cz;lhf;fpaJk;> mij fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJk;> mij gupghypjJf; nfhz;bUg;gJk; mjid ; jpllkpllJkhd mJ vd;d? ; ; gilg;Gfisg; gw;wpa Nfs;tpfF gFj;jwpT uPjpahfTk;> mwpthu;ej rpejid uPjpahfTk; fpilf;Fk; xNu gjpy; ; ; ; xU gilg;ghsd; ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;gJjhd;. mtd;jhd; ehk; fhZk; midj;Jf;Fk; fhuz fu;jjh. gilg;ghsd; ; ,y;yhky; gilg;Gfs; ,y;iy vd;W mwpT ekf;F $WfpwJ. ,Wjpahf tUk; KbT vd;dntd;why; xU gilg;ghsd; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtd; vy;yh epiyfspYk; vy;iyaw;wtdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;. mwptpay; mwpQu;fs;> xt;nthd;Wk; kw;wij rhu;eJ ,Uf;fpdwd mNjNghy; mitfs; Ntnwhd;iw rhu;eJ ; ; ; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,g;gbNa vy;iyaw;w ,aw;if epiyghLfs; ,Uf;fpdwd vd;w a+fj;jpd; mbg;gilapyhd xU ; nfhs;ifia ek;Kd; itf;fpwhu;fs;. ,e;j nfhs;if mwpTf;F nghUj;jkhfTk; mwpthu;ej rpejidf;F ; ; ,irthfTk; ,y;iy. Vnddpy; Muk;gj;jpy; nghUl;fs; vg;gb Njhd;wpd vd;gij ,e;j nfhs;if tpsf;f Kd;tutpyiy. vjhu;jjj;jpy; ehk; fhz Kbahj vy;iyaw;w vd;w fUj;ij mJ $WfpwJ. NkYk; ; ; nghUl;fspd; Njhw;wj;jpd; Kjy; gbia ,e;jf; nfhs;if tpsf;fNt ,y;iy. ju;ff uPjpapYk; ,J jtwhdJk; ; xj;Jf;nfhs;s ,ayhjJkhFk;. NkYk; mwptpay; uPjpahfTk; ,y;iy. ,e;epiyapy; gy`Pdkhd> miuFiwahf tpsf;fg;gl;l ,e;j nfhs;if FiwAilajhfTk; ,Ug;gjhy;> gpugQ;rj;jpd; gilg;G vd;w Ma;tpy; ,jd; ek;gfj; jd;ikia vt;thW Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ a+fj;jpy; cz;lhd ,e;j nfhs;ifia ,e;j tpthjk; epuhfupffpwJ. ; KbT: MfNt gpugQ;rj;jpYs;s ve;j Nfhs;fisg; ghu;jjhYk; capupdq;fspd; tho;tpd; ve;j gFjpia rpejpjjhYk; ; ; ; my;yJ kdpjidg; gw;wpa ve;j tp\aj;ij rpejpjjhYk; xU gilg;ghsd; ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;w njspthd ; ; Kbit ehk; milfpNwhk; vd;gJ cz;ik. ,e;j gilg;ghsidj;jhd; K];ypkfs; my;yh`;(RG) vd;W ; miof;fpwhu;fs;. mwpthu;ej mbg;gilapy; my;yh`;(RG) ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;w mwpT vy;NyhUf;Fk; nghJthdJ. K];ypkfs; ; ; mij ek;GtJ mtu;fs; kPJ flikahf ,Uf;fpwJ. xt;nthUtUk; jq;fs; mwpTf;Fk;> Mw;wYf;Fk; Vw;wthW

,e;j tp\aj;ij Muha Ntz;Lk;. ,];yhj;jpy; FUl;L ek;gpfif vd;gNj fpilahJ. czu;rrpfspd; mbg;gilapy; ek;gpfif nfhs;tJ ; ; ; tpUk;gj;jf;f nrayhf ,Uf;fhJ. Mgj;jhdJk;$l. Vnddpy; czu;r;rpfs; xUtupd; ek;gpf;ifapYk;> rpejidapYk;> nraypYk; Fw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;jf;$Lk;. NkYk; ek;gpfif gFj;jwpTf;F nghUj;jkhdjhfTk;> ; ; gy`PdkhfTk; ,Ue;jhy; mj;jifa ek;gpfifapypUe;J ngwg;gLk; Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy; cUthFk; ; tho;fiff;Fupa eilKiw my;yJ nray;Kiw topfhl;Ljy; vt;thW rupahdjhf ,Uf;f KbAk;. ;

gp]kpyyh`;......... ; ;

,];yhkpa miog;Gg;gzp (Da’awa) nra;gtu;fs; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba eltbf;iffs;
xU egUila tho;fifapy; gy;NtW tp\aq;fSf;F mtUila rpejidiaAk;> Neuj;ijAk; nrytpl ; ; Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. ,e;j tp\aq;fs; thapyhf tUk; nghWg;GfisAk; epiwNtw;w Ntz;ba nray;fisAk; Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F mtu; jd; rf;jpfis nrytpl Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. xU egu; jd; tho;fifiaNa mu;ggzpfFk; ,e;j tp\aq;fis ehk; rpejpjJ ghu;jNjhkhdhy; ,it gy ; ; ; ; ; ; tpjq;fspy; gy;NtWgl;l J}z;LNfhs;fspd; mbg;gilapy; eilngWfpwJ. ,e;j tp\aq;fs; me;j egUila jd;ikapYk; mtUila gy uPjpahd Njit Nghd;wtw;wpYk; xU cWjpahd njhlu;Gilajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. MfNt egUf;F egu; jf;fthWk; ,d;Dk; tp\aq;fSf;F tp\ak; jf;fthWk; kdpju;fSila mf;fiw NtWgLfpwJ. ,e;j NtWghL cz;ikapy; xt;nthU kdpjUk; jk; nrhe;j ,ay;G my;yJ jd;ik gw;wpa gy;NtW tpjkhd fUj;Jf;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; epiyfNshL njhlu;Gilajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. rpy kdpju;fspd; elj;ijapYk;> nraypYk; mtupd; mf;fiwapYk; cyfj;jpy; vt;thW gpiog;ig ey;ytpjkhf elj;JtJ (Survival Instinct) vd;w rpejid NkNyhq;fpapUf;Fk;. ,e;j Nghf;F rpy Neuq;fspy; kw;w czu;Tfis ; mtu; Gwf;fzpjJtpLtjw;F VJthf mike;JtpLk;. ; ,d;Dk; rpy kdpju;fsplk; kw;w czu;Tfis tpl Md;kPf czu;T Kw;wpYk; NkNyhq;fpapUf;Fk;. vdNt mtu; kw;w ve;j czu;TfSf;Fk; ,lk; nfhLf;fhky; Md;kf nray;ghLfspy; fisg;gpyyhky; <LghL nfhs;tij P ; fhzyhk;. cz;ik vd;dntd;why; kdpju;fspd; cwTfis newpgLj;Jk; \upah (Shariyah) rl;ljpllq;fs; ehk; ; Nehf;FNthkhdhy; kdpju;fs; xt;nthUtUk; xU Fwpggpll czu;tpd; mbg;gilapy; nray;gLtjw;F kw;w ; ; czu;Tfis fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sNth my;yJ XusT Gwf;fzpffNth Kw;gLfpwhu;fs; vd;gJ njspthf ; tpsq;FfpwJ. mtutu; tho;fif Njitapd; mbg;gilapy; ,J Kw;wpYk; nghUe;Jtjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. vdpDk; ; ,e;j tpguq;fs; ,t;thW ,Ue;j NghjpYk; tp\aq;fis Nju;T nra;tjpy; vjw;F Kd;Dupik nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;F xU msTNfhy; eprrak; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ; my;yh`;(RG) ey;y cly;epiy nfhz;l xU K];ypKf;F jdJ NjitapidAk;> jd;idr; rhu;ejpUg;gtu;fspd; ; NjitapidAk; epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf ciof;f fl;lisaplbUf;fpwhd; vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. ,d;Dk; miog;Gg; ; gzp (Da’awa) nra;Ak; xU K];ypKf;F jdJ gzpfF Njitg;gLk; midj;ijAk; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;W ; my;yh`;(RG) fl;lisaplbUg;gJ mijtpl cz;ikjhd;. miog;Gg; gzp gw;wpa fl;lis kw;w fl;lisfis ; tpl Kf;fpakhdJk;> Kjd;ikahdJk; MFk;. my;yh`;(RG) miog;Gg; gzpia kpf cau;ej kjPggPlby; ; ; ; itj;jpUf;fpdwhd;. Vnddpy; ,e;j gzpjhd; jdpgl;l K];ypk; kPJk; ,];yhkpa muR kPJk; gpujhd flikahf ; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;. tzf;fj;jpw;Fupatd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtnwtUkpy;iy vd;W. kf;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; tiu mtu;fSld; Nghu; nra;Ak;gb ehd; fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. mt;thW mtu;fs; $wptpllhy; mtu;fs; capUk;> clikfSk; ghJfhg;G ngw;WtpLk;. ,];yhj;jpwF cupik cs;sijj; jtpu ; ; mtu;fspd; kWik epiyf;F my;yh`;Nt nghWg;ghFk;. ,e;j `jP]; Ml;rpj; jiytu; vd;w mbg;gilapy; ,iwJ}ju(]y;) mtu;fspd; epiyia vLj;Jf;fhl;Ltjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. kw;nwhU `jP]; ,jw;F Kd; kf;fh efupy; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; vd;d epiyghl;bid cilatu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs; vd;gjpid ekf;F njspthf ,ak;GfpwJ. ngupa je;ij mGjhypg; mtu;fSila Nfs;tpfF gjpyhf ngUkhdhu; gpdtUkhW ; ; $Wfpwhu;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ Mizahf vdJ tyf;fuj;jpy; R+upaidAk;> ,lf;fuj;jpy; re;jpuidAk; nfhLj;J ehd; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; ,iw miog;Gg; gzpapid iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpdhYk; ehd; mij xUNghJk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;Nld;. ,e;j Kaw;rpapy; ,iwaUshy; ehd; ntw;wp ngWk; tiu my;yJ ,jd; nghUl;L ehd; kuzk; milAk; tiu Xakhl;Nld;. MfNt K];ypkfspd; nray;ghLfs; midj;Jk; xU FwpfNfhs; cilajhfNt ; ; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJjhd; j/th vDk; ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzp. ,e;j gzp gy;NtW tp\aq;fisAk;> gy;NtW epiyg;ghLfisAk; cilajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jpy; kpf Kf;fpakhdJk;> Kjd;ikahdJk; ed;ikia VTtJk;> jPikia jLj;J epWj;JtJkhFk;. jpUkiw Fu;Mdpy; ,J gy re;ju;ggq;fspy; typAWj;jg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. ; NkYk; my; y h`; ( RG) ,ij xt; n thU jdp K]; y p K f; F k; flikahf nfhs; s Ntz; L k; vd; W fl;lisaplbUf;fpwhd;. ,d;Dk; ,e;j flikapid epiwNtw;w xU ,];yhkpa FOit epWt Ntz;Lk; vd;W ; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; fl;lisaplbUf;fpwhu;fs;. ;

,jpypUe;J ehk; mwpeJ nfhs;tJ vd;dntdpy; ed;ikia VTtJ> jPikia jLg;gJ> ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; ; gzpia Nkw;nfhs;tJ my;yJ KOikahf ,];yhkpa tho;fif newpfF jpUk;GtJ Nghd;w tp\aq;fs; ; ; vy;yhk; miog;Gg; gzp Nkw;nfhs;tjhy; Vw;gLk; gy;NtW jpllkpll FwpfNfhs;fisAk;> Nehf;fq;fisAk; ; ; ; ekf;F njspthf vLj;Jf; fhl;Ltjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. MfNt Nkw;$wg;gl;l KbTfis ehk; vl;Ltjw;fhf gythwhd Kf;fpa Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhs;tJ kpf kpf Kf;fpakhFk;. ,e;j Kaw;rpfs; mjdhy; Vw;gLk; ey;y gaDs;s tpisTfistpl Kf;fpaj;Jtj;jpy; nfhQ;rKk; Fiwe;jJ my;y. fhuzk; ,e;j Kaw;rpfs; %ykhfj;jhd; ehk; ekJ FwpfNfhs;fis milfpNwhk;. ; ,e;j Kaw;rpfs; FwpjJ ehk; njspthf mwpeJ nfhs;s Kw;gLk; NghJ mitfs; tpupeJ fplg;gijAk; ; ; ; vz;zw;witahf mitfs; ,Ug;gij mwpeJ nfhs;syhk;. vdpDk; mitfis RUf;fkhf tpsf;FNthk;. ;

1. ,];yhj;jpwfhd mu;ggzpgG ; ; ;

: miog;Gg; gzpf;F jd;id Kw;wpYk; mu;g;gzpj;Jf; nfhz;l xUtu; mwpa Ntz;ba newpKiwfs;:
(Islamic Committment)

tho;fifapd; xt;nthU fl;lj;jpYk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; xt;nthU gzpapYk; rpejidapYk; `uhk;> `yhy; ; ; NgZtij Kf;fpa xOf;f newpahf nfhs;shj xUtu; miog;Gg; gzpapy; jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;tjpy; ve;jtpj gaDk; fpilahJ. ,e;j vr;rupfifia epidTgLj;Jtjw;F Njitapyiy vd;W vz;ZtJ jtwhFk;. ; ; Vnddpy; ,J miog;Gg; gzp nra;Ak; xUtupd; gpujhd flik nrhu;ffk; nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd;w tpUg;gj;NjhLk;> ; euf neUg;Gf;F mQ;Rk; ,iwar;rj;NjhLk; ,jd; %yk; my;yh`;(RG)tpd; jpUg;nghUj;jj;ij ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;w cau;ej yl;rpaj;NjhLk; mlq;fp tpLtjpyiy. khwhf ,j;jifa xU mUikahd tp\aj;ij eilKiw ; ; %yk; mwpthu;ej KiwapYk; jd;idr; Rw;wp cs;s midtUf;Fk; mtu; vLj;Jr; nrhy;yp mtu; miog;Gg; ; gzpia KOik gLj;jpahf Ntz;Lk;. mtuJ vz;zj;jpYk;> nraypYk; ,j;jifa xU tpopgGzu;Tk;> cz;ikahd ; ce;JjYk; ,y;yhjtiu mtuhy; miog;Gg; gzp nra;tjpy; ntw;wp mila ,ayhJ. MfNt nrhy;ypd; %yKk;> cWjpahd vz;zj;jpd; %yKk; eilKiw nray;ghLfspd; %yKk; ,];yhj;ij jdJ tl;lj;jpy; mtu; vLj;J ,ak;gpl Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; ctg;ig ngwNtz;Lk; vd;w ,j;jifa czu;it me;j \thg; ngWtjpy; ntw;wp va;jptpllhy;> ,e;j cz;ikahd czu;T vjw;fhf Vf;fk; nfhz;bUf;fpwNjh me;j ,];yhkpa Njrj;ij ; (fpyh/gh muR) epWTtjw;fhd Kjy; gbia ehk; vl;btplNlhk; vd;gJ eprrak;. me;j Njrk; jd;dplKs;s ; ; tpiykjpggw;w vz;zw;w nghf;fp\q;fis ,e;j yl;rpaj;ij miltjw;fhf mu;ggzpjJ mfpyk; KOtJk; ; ; ; ew;nra;jpiaAk;> topfhl;LjiyAk;> ed;ikiaAk;> kfporrpiaAk; gutr; nra;Ak;. ; ;

2. Fu;Md; XJjy;:
jpUkiw Fu;Md;jhd; ekJ ,e;j rpjjhe;jj;jpd; mbj;jykhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W ,q;F Fwpggpl Njitapyiy. ; ; ; cyfj;jpd; Kd; ekJ ngUikia cau;jjp gpbj;jpUg;gJ me;j jpUkiwjhd;. mijf; nfhz;L ehk; ngUkpjk; ; milfpNwhk;. mJ my;yh`;(RG)tpd; mUs; ntspgghl;bypUe;J fpilf;fg; ngw;w mtdpd(RG) thu;jijahFk;. ; ; ; mjd; topfhl;Ljypd; mbg;gilapyjhd; mtid(RG) ehk; tzq;fp topgLfpNwhk;. mjid XJtjhy; ekf;F ; ,k;ikapYk;> kWikapYk; ngupa ntFkjp fpilf;f ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gNjhL ehk; ekJ jPukhdq;fisAk;> ; yl;rpaq;fisAk; $u;jPlbf; nfhs;s mJ cjTfpwJ. NkYk; yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; vd;w fypkh jq;fs; ; neQ;rq;fisAk;> vz;zq;fisAk; Ml;rp nra;a vtu;fs; jq;fis jahu;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhu;fNsh mtu;fis mtu;fsJ FwpfNfhspy; nry;tjw;F mJ J}z;Ljy; nra;fpwJ. ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzp nra;tij tpl ; fLikahdJ Ntnwhd;Wk; ,y;iy. fhuzk; ,j;jifatu;fs; xt;nthU ehSk; jpUkiw XJjiy Nkw;nfhz;lhf Ntz;Lk;. jpUkiw Fu;Md; mij XJk; tp]thrpapd; cs;sj;jpy; msg;gupa ce;JjiyAk;> Mw;wiyAk; ; nfhLf;fty;yJ. ,jd; %yk; Nrhu;tile;j xU Md;kh> ew;gz;GfisAk;> cw;rhfj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljhf MfptpLk;. gpwF mJ jdJ Jauq;fisAk;> f\;lq;fisAk; mu;ggkhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;LtpLk;. NkYk;> cyf ; RfNghfq;fs; midj;ijAk; xU nghUl;lhf vz;zhj njspthd epiyf;F cau;eJtpLk;. ,jd; %yk; ; Rtdj;jpd; ,d;gj;ijAk;> my;yh`;(RG)tpd; ctg;gpidAk; mJ ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk;. my;yh`;(RG)tplkpUe;J ntw;wp cWjpahd gpdG ehk; Vd; ,t;tsT fhupaq;fis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nfs;tp ek; cs;sj;jpy; ; vOfpwJ my;yth? mJ Vd; vd;why; mtid(RG)j; jtpu NtW Gfyplk; ekf;F fpilahJ vd;W ,Uf;Fk;NghJ ehk; Vd; Mu;tj;NjhL jpUkiwapd; mupa mUs; tsq;fis ek; cs;sq;fspy; Ve;jpa tz;zk; mjd; Mokhd mu;jjq;fisAk;> mJ ekf;F fhl;Lk; cd;djkhd yl;rpaj;ijAk; rpejpjJ gofpf; nfhs;sf;$lhJ! ; ; ; MfNt miog;Gg; gzp nra;Ak; xUtu; jd; cs;sj;jpy; jd; Md;khtpy; gy`Pdj;ij Rke;jtuhf ,Ug;gJ xUfhYk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s ,ayhj tp\akhFk;. jpUkiwapd; trdq;fis XJtij jpUk;g jpUk;g Nkw;nfhs;tJ xd;Wjhd; ,jw;F mUkUe;jhfTk; xNu jPuthfTk; ,Uf;ff;$Lk;. vj;jid Kiw XjpdhYk; Gdpj jpUkiw ; Fu;Md; xUNghJk; jpfl;btplhJ. vj;jid fhyk; XjpdhYk; vj;jid Kiw XjpdhYk; Gj;jk; GjpjhfNt tp]thrpfSf;F mJ tpsq;fpLk;. ;

,];yhkpa rpjjhe;jj;jpd; (Islamic Idealogy) mbg;gil mu;jjNk rr;ruTk; Nghuhl;lKk;jhd;. vdNt ,j;jifa ; ; tp\aq;fspypUe;J ,ij NtWgLj;jp fhzKbahJ. NghijAk;> Nghuhl;lj;ijAk; Rikahf jhq;fpapUf;Fk; K];ypk; ck;khtpwF jpUkiw Fu;Mid tpl rpwg;ghd J}z;LNfhs; vJTk; ,y;iy. ,e;j ck;kh [p`hijAk;> ; jpahfj;ijAk; yl;rpakhff; nfhz;l xU rKjhakhFk;. Vnddpy; my;yh`;(RG)tpd; moptpyyh mUs;Ntjk; ; mwpKfk; nra;j ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bid me;j ck;kh Rke;J epwfpwJ. jpUkiw XJjiy cjhrpdg;gLj;JtJ ; vd;gJ> ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bd; Mokhd mwpTiuia mwpeJ nfhs;tjpy; Vw;gl;l tPorrp vd;Nw tpsq;fg;gLk;. ; ; ; Vnddpy; cd;djkhd jpahfq;fNshL ifNfhu;jJ epwFk; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; xt;nthU mbr;Rtl;bYk; ,e;j ; ; Nfhl;ghl;bd; Mokhd fUj;Jf;fs; vjpnuhypjJf; nfhz;NlapUf;Fk;. ; nghJ kf;fis mjpfk; mjpfk; njhlu;G nfhs;tnjd;gJ miog;Gg; gzpapd; nghJthd mk;rk; vd;gjpy; ve;j re;NjfKk; ,y;iy. kf;fNshL ehk; Mokhd njhlu;Gfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;shkYk; mtu;fspd; md;whl tho;fifapy; Vw;gLk; gpur;ridfs; vd;d vd;W ehk; mwpeJ nfhs;shky; ,Ue;jhy; ehk; ek;ik ; ; vt;thW miog;G gzpahsu; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhs;s KbAk;. ehk; kf;fNshL njhlu;G nfhs;shky; mtu;fSf;F ed;ikia kf;fNshL njhlu;G nfhs;shky; mtu;fSf;F ed;ikia Vtp> jPikia jLf;f KbAk; vd;gJ xUNghJk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. ehk; kf;fsplkpUe;J xJq;fpapUe;jhy; vt;thW ,];yhj;jpd; rpejidfisAk;> ; newpKiwfisAk; mtu;fSf;F Nghjpff ,aYk;. ,t;thW ,Uf;Fk; xU miog;G gzpahsu; fl;rpNahL ; ,ize;jpUf;fpwhu; vd;w me;j];Jf;F xUehSk; jFjp tha;ejtuhf ,Uf;f khl;lhu;. Vnddpy; fl;rpAld; ; njhlu;G vd;gJ eputhf trjpffhf fhfpjj;jpy; vOjp nfhLf;fg;gl;l rpy tupfshFk;. ,e;j njhlu;G ntWk; ; ; eputhfk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l xU tp\aNkad;wp Ntwpyiy. MfNt xU miog;G gzpahsu; kf;fis re;jpjJ ; ; ; mtu;fNshL guprrak; nra;J nfhs;Sk; jpwikapid tsu;jJf; nfhs;tJjhd; Kd; cjhuzkhd nrayhf ; ; ,Uf;f KbAk;. NkYk; Kd; cjhuzk; vd;gJ xU miog;G gzpahsu; kf;fspd; gpur;ridfis myrp Ma;T nra;tjpYk; mtu;fspd; czu;Tfis GupeJ nfhs;tjpYk;> ,];yhj;jpd; nfhs;iffSf;Nfw;g mtu;fspd; ; rpejidfisAk;> fUj;Jf;fisAk; khw;wp mikg;gjpYk; mtu; fhl;Lk; nray; Ntfj;jpy; jhd; mlq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ. ; F/g;ghu;fisAk; mtu;fs; Ml;rpaikg;igAk; vjpujJ epdW Kd;tupirapy; NghuhLfpNwhk; vd;w jq;fspd; ; ; ; cz;ikahd epiyapid czuhjtu;fs; mr;rj;jhy; mirahJ epdwtu;fshfNth my;yJ Mo;ej cwf;fj;jpy; ; ; cwq;fpatu;fshfNth my;yJ cwq;Ftijg; Nghy; ghrhq;F nra;gtu;fshfNth fUjg;gLthu;fs;. ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bid Vw;W ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzpapid jdJ flikahff; nfhz;l xUtu; kf;fsplkpUe;J jd;id tpyfpf; nfhz;L thOk;epiy vd;gij ehk; ,];yhj;jpd; neba rupjjpuj;jpd; ve;j xU fl;lj;jpYk; ; xUNghJk; fhz KbahJ. mG+ju; fp/g;ghup(uyp) ,];yhj;ij Vw;w gpwF mtiu ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; mtUila fpuhkj;jpwF nrd;W tpLkhW fl;lisapllhu;fs;. vdpDk; mtu; kf;fhtpypUe;J ntspNaw kWj;JtplL> ; ; ; \`hjj; vDk; jpUfypkhit kf;fhtpd; ,iz itg;gtu;fspd; fhJ Nfl;LFk; J}uj;jpy; epdwtu;fshf ; ,UKiw Koq;fpdhu;fs;. mjd; tpisthf gyKs;s kdpju;fs;$l jhq;f ,ayhj msTf;F jhf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,];yhj;ij Vw;wpUe;j me;j rkaj;jpy; mtUf;F ,UKiw \`hjj; Koq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijj; jtpu ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp Ntnwhd;Wk; njupahJ. ,];yhk; vd;gJ KOikahd midj;Jyf Nfhl;ghL MFk;. (Universal Idealogy) jdpggl;l xd;wy;y. ,e;j ; Nfhl;ghL mjid gpdgw;Wk; kf;fis cyf tptfhuq;fspy; jiyaplL xOq;FgLj;Jk; rpwe;j Ml;rpahsu;fshfTk;> ; ; ru;tNjr muq;fpy; Kd;dzpapypUf;Fk; jiytu;fshfTk; ,ay;ghfNt mtu;fis cUthf;fpaJ. ,];yhj;ij tzf;f];jyq;fSf;Fs; mlf;f tpUk;Gk; K];ypkfs;> mwpejtu;fshfNth my;yJ mwpahjtu;fshfNth ,];yhj;ij ; ; eilKiw tho;tpypUe;J md;whl cyf tp\aq;fspypUe;Jk; gpupjJ tpLtjpd; %yk;> ,];yhj;jpd; ve;j xU ; milahsKk; ,e;j g+cyf Nkw;gug;gpdkPJ ,y;yhky; mopjJ tplyhk; vd;W kdg;ghy; Fbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ; ; F/g;ghu;fSf;Fk; mtu;fsJ mbtUbfSf;Fk; cjtp nra;tjhfNt ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij epidtpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j cz;ikapd; ntsprrj;jpYs;s tp\ak; vd;dntd;why; `p]Gjf;upu; xd;Wjhd; ,];yhj;jpd; ; ; mbg;gilapy; gy E}w;whz;L fhyj;Jf;F mikf;fg;gl;l murpay; fl;rpahFk;. K];ypk; ck;khtpwF my;yh`;(RG) ; ntw;wpaspgghd; vd;w ek;gpfif me;j fl;rpiar; Rw;wpNa Rod;W nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. Vnddpy; ,];yhj;ij ; ; kf;fsplk; mJ nfhz;L nry;tjhYk; mjdbg;gilapy; ,];yhkpa fpyh/gh Ml;rp gw;wpa xU ntF[d fUj;Jf; fzpgig Vw;gLj;j mJ mauhJ ciof;fpwJ vd;w Kf;fpa fhuzj;jpdhy;jhd;. ve;j xU K];ypk; ; ,e;j fl;rpNahL ,ize;J nray;gl tpUk;GfpwhNuh mtu; mjd; xt;nthU mk;rj;ijAk; mbr;Rtl;ilAk; gpdgw;w Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; mtUila nkhj;j nray; Mw;wYk; Kd;Ndw Ntz;Lk;. ,ij epiwNtw;Wtjw;F ; ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bid KOikahfTk; cWjpAlDk; Nkw;nfhz;lhy; mJNt NghJkhdjhFk;. ,jw;F khwhf xU \ghg; njhlu;eJ kf;fsplkpUe;J xJq;fpa tz;zkhf ,Ug;ghNuahdhy;> mJ mtu; ,];yhkpa ; Nfhl;ghl;bid cz;ikahfTk;> cWjpahfTk; Nkw;nfhs;stpyiy vd;Nw tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; ; jdpikg; gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ mtek;gpfifAk;> Nfhioj;jdKk; fye;j xU epiyNaahFk;. NtW ; tpjj;jpy; ,ij tpsf;FtJ vd;why;> jdpikg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tnjd;gJ Nfhioj;jdk; my;yJ ek;gpfif ;

3. kf;fs; njhlu;G:

,oe;J Nrhu;tile;j xU epiy vd;W $wyhk;. ,j;jifatu;fs; xU NghJk; xU tp]thrpapd; capNuhl;lkhd ; czu;it miltjw;F topfhz khl;lhu;fs;. jdpik gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; nraYf;F NtW fhuzq;fisAk;> ehk; a+fk; nra;ayhk;. ,ij fhuzk; vd;W nfhs;tijtpl rhf;FNghf;F vd;Nw $wyhk;. rhf;FNghf;F $Wtjw;F fhuzj;ij NjLgtu;fs; ,Wjpahf mjpfkhd ngha;Aiuj;jypy; <Lglf;$Lk;. my;yh`;(RG) ghJfhg;ghdhf! ,];yhj;jpd; rpejidfis njspthfTk;> tpyhtupahfTk; tpsf;fpr; nrhy;yg;gl;l gpdG mij ; ; jdJ jdpggl;l nrhj;jhf vz;zp kf;fsplk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L nry;yhjtu;fs; rhf;FNghf;F $wpfnfhz;L ; ; jpuptjhy; xU ed;ikAk; Vw;gl Nghtjpyiy. ; 4. E}y; thrpj;jy; (Book Reading) : thrpjjy; my;yJ gbj;jy; vd;gijg; gw;wp ,q;F $wg;gLk; fUj;J vd;dntd;why;> fl;rpapd; gz;ghL ; tsu;fFk; E}y;fisAk; kw;w ,];yhkpa gz;ghl;L E}y;fisAk; gbg;gJ vd;gJjhd;. mJ rl;lk;> mwpthw;wy; ; kw;Wk; murpay; rk;ge;jg;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpDk; rupNa. ,g;NghJ xUtu; ,t;thW Nfl;fyhk;. fl;rpad; gz;ghL tsu;fFk; E}y;fs; Vw;fdNt eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ> NkYk; mJ gpuRupffg;gl;bUf;Fk; NghJ ehk; ; ; mij fw;Wf; nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk; NghJ kw;w E}y;fis ehk; Vd; Njl Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ Vd; Muha Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F gjpy; ,Jjhd;. ehk; cz;ikapy; vij Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpwNkh me;j rpejidfisjhd; gpur;rhuk; ; nra;a flikg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. NtW ve;j rpejidfisAk; gpur;rhuk; nra;a flikg;gltpyiy. vdpDk; xU ; ; tp\aj;ij njspthf mwpejtu;fshfTk;> mjpy; tpopgGzu;T cilatu;fshfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. fl;rp ; ; mky;gLj;jpAs;s E}y;fs; MokhdJk; njspej gpufhrkhd rpejidfis cilaJ vd;gJk; cz;ikjhd;. ; ; rpy ajhu;jjq;fs; (Realities) my;yJ nka;ikahd tp\aq;fs; njhlu;ghf gy rl;l jpllq;fis vLj;Jf; ; ; $WtJjhd; vd;whYk; ,ij kl;Lk; fw;Wf;nfhz;L mij kl;LNk Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;LtNjhL ehk; jpUg;jp mile;J tplyhk; vd;gJ jtwhdjhFk;. cz;ikapy; fl;rp jdJ E}y;fspy; rpy ajhu;jjq;fis tpsf;FfpwJ. ; Mdhy; ,J xU RUf;fkhd tpsf;fk;jhd;. ajhu;jjq;fs; (Realities) gw;wpa rpy rl;lq;fis mitfs; Kf;fpaj;Jt ; gLj;Jfpdwd. vdpDk; me;j ajhu;jjj;jpd; cz;ikahd ,ay;Gfis njspthf mwpeJ nfhs;tjw;F ,e;j ; ; ; tpsf;fk; NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;fhJ. ,t;thwhf me;j ajhu;jjq;fis kw;w E}y;fSk; FwpggpLfpdwd. mitfisAk; ; ; ; ehk; fw;f Ntz;Lk;. mitfis Gul;bg; ghu;jJ Ma;T nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJjhd; fl;rpapd; gz;ghL ; tsu;gG gw;wpa mwpT gy klq;Ffshf caUk;. tpopgGzu;T gpwf;Fk;. fLikahd Fog;gj;Jf;F ehk; Mshf ; ; khl;Nlhk;. NkYk; jd;id Rw;wpapUg;gtu;fSf;fpilapy; nry;thf;F ngw Ntz;Lnkd;W tpUk;Ggtu;fs; me;j kf;fspd; rpejid> fUj;J> czu;T Mfpa tpguq;fs; gw;wpa mwpTk;> mtrpakhd tpopgGzu;Tk; nfhz;ltu;fshf ,Uf;f ; ; Ntz;Lk;. MfNt xU \ghg; mjpfkhd fy;tpiaAk;> mwpitAk; ngw;wpUe;jhy; kw;wtu;fspd; rpejidapYk; ; mtu;fSf;fpilapy; cw;w cwtpYk; nry;thf;F nrYj;Jtjw;F Mw;wy; ngw;wtuhf ,Ug;ghu; vd;W ehk; $wpdhy; mJ cz;ikf;F J}ukhf ,Uf;fhJ. cjhuzk;> ehk; miog;Gg; gzp nra;Ak; NghJ fpyh/gh Ml;rp Kiw gw;wpAk;> F/g;u; Ml;rpKiw gw;wpAk; NgRfpNwhk;. fpyh/gh Ml;rpKiw Kw;wpYk; Nkk;ghlhd xU Ml;rpKiw. kw;w Ml;rpKiwfspypUe;J ,J Kw;wpYk; NtwhdJ. ,JNghd;W vJTNk ,y;iy. kf;fspd; Fiwfis jPuggjw;F Kw;wpYk; ,JNt ek;gfkhd Ml;rpKiw. Vndd;why; ,e;j Ml;rpKiw my;yh`;(RG)tpdhy; ; ; mUsg;gl;lJ. mtd;(RG) kdpju;fis kdpju;fisf; fhl;bYk; Kw;wpYk; mwpejtd;. NkYk; ehk; $WfpNwhk;. ; [dehaf Ml;rpKiw kf;fSf;F xUNghJk; kfporrpia nfhz;L tuhJ. kw;w jtwhd Ml;rpKiw Nghd;wJjhd; ; ; ,JTk;. kdpj rKjhaj;jpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s Fog;gk; neUf;fb kd cisr;ry; Mfpatw;wpwF fhuzk; ,e;j ; Ml;rpKiwjhd;. Vnddpy; ,J epuhfupgG nfhs;ifapypUe;J gpwe;jJ. mjhtJ mitfs; kdpju;fshy; ; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l Ml;rpKiwahFk;. NkYk; epWt KbahJ. ,e;j Ml;rpKiwfs; epWtg;gl;L kw;wtu;fs; kPJ tYf;fl;lhakhf jpzpffg;gLfpwJ. ; ,t;thW ehk; tpsf;Fk;NghJ ekf;F fl;rpapypUe;J fpilj;j fy;tpiag; gw;wp jpUg;jp nfhs;fpNwhk;. Mdhy; ,e;j fUj;Jf;nfy;yhk; Vl;Lf; fy;tpahf ek;kplk; ,Uf;fpwNj jtpu cz;ikahf eilKiw epiyfisg; nghWj;jtiu ehk; ntF njhiytpy; ,Uf;fpNwhk;. F/g;u; Ml;rp Kiwfisg; gw;wpAk; Fwpgghf [dehaf ; Ml;rpKiw gw;wpAk; ehk; Mokhf mwpeJ nfhz;lhy;. mJ ek;ik eilKiw uPjpahfTk; ekJ cs;sKk;> ; mwpTk; cz;ikf;F neUf;fkhf ,Uf;fTk;> ek;ik nry;thf;F ngw;wtu;fshf Mf;fTk; $Lk;. ,e;j mwpT eilKiw uPjpahf me;j Ml;rpKiwapd; Coy;fisAk;> mjd; fPotUk; kf;fSf;F kfporrpia nfhz;Ltu ; ; ; rf;jp ngw;wjhf mJ ,y;yhjijAk; ed;F mwpeJ nfhs;s VJthf ,Uf;Fk;. ; cyfpYs;s gy;NtW Ml;rpKiwfs; gw;wp tpguq;fis gy E}y;fspd; thapyhf ehk; njupeJ nfhs;syhk;. ; ekJ fl;rp E}y;fs; ,e;j Ml;rpKiwfisg; gw;wpa xU fz;Nzhl;lj;jpidAk; mijg;gw;wpa xU mgpguhaj;ijg; ; gw;wp kl;Lk;jhd; nfhLf;Fk;. Mdhy; me;j Ml;rpKiwfspd; eilKiw myq;Nfhyq;fisAk;> FsWgbfisAk; ,tw;wpdhy; tpise;jpUf;Fk; ajhu;jjkhd gpur;ridfspd; cz;ik epiyfisAk; Ma;T nra;ag; NghJkhd ; tpguq;fis mit nfhLf;f ,ayhJ.

fl;rp Nkw;nfhs;Sk; \upah rl;lq;fs; gw;wpAk; ,Nj fUj;ijjhd; ehk; $w KbAk;. ,jpy; K[;j`PJfSk;> mwpQu;fSk; fUj;J NtWghL nfhs;sf;$Lk;. MfNt ,e;j K[;j`PJfSk;> mwpQu;fSk; nfhLf;Fk; Mjhuq;fis mtw;wpd; ek;gfj;jd;ik gw;wp ehk; mwpeJ nfhs;Sk; Nehf;fj;NjhL mtw;iw Ma;T nra;jhy; ekJ fl;rp ; nfhLj;Js;s Mjhuq;fspd; Nky; ekJ ek;gpfif tYg;gLk;. jdpjJtk; ngw;w mwpQu;fspd; E}y;fs; %yk; ; ; ,e;j Ma;Tfis ehk; Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. miog;Gg; gzpahsu;fSf;F murpay; mwpthw;wy; kw;Wk; fl;rpapd; E}y;fisg; gbg;gJ kpff mtrpakhdJ ; vd;gjw;F ehk; vz;zw;w cjhuzq;fis $wKbAk;. ,t;thW Nkw;nfhs;Sk; E}y;gbg;G xUtiu murpay; tpopgGzu;rrpapd; Kjy; gbf;fl;by; nfhz;L Nru;fFk; vd;Nwh ehk; $w tutpyiy. ehk; vd;d $w Kw;gLfpNwhk; ; ; ; ; vd;why;> gbg;gJk; Ma;T nra;tJk; ,y;yhky; miog;G gzpapid KOikahfTk;> KOjpwNdhLk; nra;a ,ayhJ vd;w fUj;ijjhd;. md;whl tptfhuq;fisAk; nra;jpfisAk; mt;tg;NghJ mwpeJ nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. E}y;fis gbg;gNjhL ; ,J njhlu;Gilajhf ,Ue;jhYk; ,J Kw;wpYk; tpjjpahrkhd xU gapwrpahFk;. njhlu; Kaw;rp vd;gJ> ; ; murpay; nra;jpfisg; gbg;gJ> thu> khj ,jo;fisg; gbg;gJ Mfpait Fwpggplj;jf;fJ. NkYk; nra;jp ; mwpfiffis thndhypapNyh my;yJ njhiyf;fhl;rpapNyh Nfl;gJk; ,jpy; mlq;Fk;. nra;jpfis njhlu;eJ ; ; ftdpggJ murpay; eltbf;ifapd; mbg;gil mk;rj;ij FwpfFk;. Vnddpy; cyf eilKiw epfo;Tfisg; ; ; gw;wpa nra;jpfis mwpahky; murpaypy; ,Uf;f KbahJ. njhlu; Kaw;rp my;yJ njhlUjy; (Pursuance) vd;gjpd; fUj;J ,Jjhd;. ,d;Dk; Mokhf tpsf;FtJ vd;why; fLk; Kaw;rpNahLk;> Cf;fj;NjhLk; xUehs; $l jtw tplhky; ,ij nra;a Ntz;Lk;. Vndd;why; md;whl epfo;Tfs; vd;gJ xU ePzl ngupa rq;fpypia ; Nghd;wJ. rq;fpypapd; fuizfs; xd;NwhL xd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ Nghy;> epfo;TfSk; xd;NwhL xd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Nl ,Uf;fpdwd. MfNt epfo;TfisAk;> jfty;fisAk; g+uzkhf GupeJ nfhs;s Ntz;Lkhdhy; ; ; rq;fpyp njhluhf tUk; nra;jpfis njupeJ nfhz;Nl ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW nra;jhy;jhd; cyfpy; ; epfo;Tfis Ma;T nra;J mjd;kPJ ekJ KbTfis ehk; Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F ekf;F rupahd xU epiy fpilf;Fk;. ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ehk; murpay; nray;ghLfSf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;fNth my;yJ rKjahj;jpy; ,];yhkpa rpejidfis nray;gLj;Jtjhy; tUk; murpay; tpisTfisg; gw;wpNah $w Kw;gltpyiy vd;gij ; ; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; murpay; nray;ghLfspd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; epiyfisnay;yhk; jhz;b gy;NtW eltbf;iffspYk; vz;zw;w Kf;fpa gzpfspYk; ek;ik ehNk <LgLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; jUzk; ,J. ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ,jd; fUj;J vd;dntd;why; murpay; tl;lj;jpd; nra;jpfisAk;> epfo;Tfspd; jfty;fisAk; typAWj;JtJjhd;. nra;jpfis Ma;T nra;J myRtJ vd;gJ re;Njfk; ,y;yhky; xU Kf;fpakhd tp\aNk. mt;thNw ,e;j nra;jpfisg; gw;wpa xUtupd; fUj;NjhL ,];yhkpa fz;Nzhl;lj;ij ,izj;Jg; ghu;ggJ mjpKf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,itnay;yhk; njhlu;eJ nra;jpfisAk;> jfty;fisAk; ngw;Wf; ; ; nfhz;lhy;jhd; rhj;jpakhFk;. epfo;Tfis njhlu;eJ fz;fhzpjJf; nfhz;bUg;gjw;fhf epfo;Tfs; ekf;fhf ; ; fhj;jpUf;fhJ. ahUk; fz;fhzpffhky; ,Ue;jhYk; mitfs; njupeJ epfo;ej tz;zk; mjd; milahsq;fis g+cyfj;jpy; ; ; ; gwpjJf; nfhz;NlapUf;Fk;. vdNt epfo;Tfs; elf;Fk;NghJ mjd; nra;jpfis ehk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s fhj;jpUf;f ; Ntz;Lk;. ve;j xU epfo;Tk; ehk; mwpahj tz;zNkh my;yJ mijg;gw;wp ehk; myrp Muhahj tz;zNkh nrd;Wtplf; $lhJ vd;w tp\aj;jpy; ehk; eprrak; cWjpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;(RG) kPJ Mizahf ; ,d;\h my;yh`; mjptpiutpy; elf;f tpUf;fpdw khngUk; epfo;it epfo;jj NghFk; xUtu; vt;thW murpay; ; ; epfo;Tfis fz;fhzpjJ Ma;T nra;Ak; Kd; mDgtk; ,y;yhjtuhf ,Uf;f ,aYk;. njhlu;eJ epfo;Tfis ; ; fz;fhzpfFk; xUtu; me;j epfo;Tfspy; jd;id fiuj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAk;. gpwF mtu; Mw;wYk;> Jbg;Gk; ; cs;stuhf khwp> r%fj;jpd; ,jaj;jpy; ,lk; ngw;wtuhf mjd; ftdj;ij ftuf; $batuhf cUntLg;ghu;. ,J me;j r%f kf;fis ftu;tjw;Fk; gpwF mtu;fis top elj;Jtjw;Fk; Ma;T nra;tjw;Fk; nra;jpjhs;fis gbg;gJk; nra;jp mwpfifia Nfl;gJk; NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;Fkh vd;w Nfs;tp vOe;jhy; mJ jtwhdjhfj;jhd; ; ,Uf;Fk;. Vndd;why; ,j;jifa Nfs;tpfs; Nfl;gJ Njitaw;w xd;W. fhuzk;> jfty;fis mJ fpilf;Fk; ,lq;fspypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rp ,q;F cjhuzkhf fhl;lg;gLfpwNj xopa mJ nra;jpjhs;fshf my;yJ thndhypah vd;gJ ,q;F Kf;fpak; my;y. Vnddpy; xUtu; ehnsy;yhk; nra;jpjhs;fis gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhYk;> thndhyp nra;jp mwpfifia ftdpffhjjhy; epfo;Tfis fz;fhzpfFk; njhlu; Kaw;rpia ; ; ; epiwNtw;w ,ayhJ Ngha;tplyhk;. ,Nj Nghy; thndhypapd; nra;jp mwpfifia Nfl;lgpd; $l ,J ,ayhky; ; Nghfyhk;. ,jpYs;s Kf;fpa fUj;J vd;dntd;why; epfo;Tfs; ek;ik mwpahky; efu;eJ nry;Yk; tpjkhf ; ekJ fz;fhzpgG ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. ve;j top vd;gJ ,q;F Kf;fpaky;y. FwpfNfhs; KOikahf epiwNtw ; ; Ntz;Lk;. jfty;fis ehk; ve;j %yj;jpypUe;Jk; mile;J nfhs;syhk;. ,ij ehk; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

5. njhlUjy; my;yJ njhlu; Kaw;rp

(Pursuance)

:

,e;j Ie;J tp\aq;fSf;F mjhtJ> 1. ,];yhkpa mu;ggzpgG ; ; 2. Fu;Md; XJjy; 3. kf;fs; njhlu;G 4. E}y;fs; gbg;gJ 5. njhlu; Kaw;rpapy; jfty; njhlu;G Mfpatw;wpwF Njitahd ftdj;ijAk;> Mu;tj;ijAk; ehk; vLj;Jf; ; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,J miog;Gg; gzp nra;gtu; vd;w Kiwapy; xU \ghg; epiwT nra;a Ntz;ba fhupaq;fspd; Kf;fpa msTNfhshFk;. ,e;j fhupaq;fs; f\;lkhdJky;y> vl;l ,ayhj J}uj;jpYky;y. ,e;j fhupaq;fis G+uzkhf nra;a Ntz;Lnkd;gjw;F xU \ghg; jdJ cyfhjha eltbf;iffspy; tpyfp Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;W mu;jjk; fpilahJ. fl;rp ,e;j fhupaq;fis nra;tjw;F xU Neuj;ij Fwpggpl Neu;ejhy; xU \ghg; ; ; ; miog;Gg; gzp nra;Ak; Neuj;ij Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; epiyf;F js;sg;gLk; Nehf;fj;NjhL my;y. khwhf ,q;F vjpughu;ffg;gLk; tp\ak; vd;dntd;why; ,e;j nray;ghLfis \ghg; jdpahfNt nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ; ; NkYk; jd;idj; jhNd mtu; cw;rhf%l;bf; nfhz;Lk; rpukk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; ,ij mtu; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j midj;J tp\aq;fSk; xNu xU Kf;fpakhd Nfs;tpfFs; mlq;fptpLk;. miog;Gg; gzp ; nra;tij ek; tho;tpd; Kf;fpa mk;rkhf Kf;fpa nrayhf Kf;fpa ftiyahf ehk; Mf;fpf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpNwhkh? vtu; jdJ cs;sj;jpy; miog;Gg; gzp nra;tjw;F Kjyplk; nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhNuh mtuJ rpejid xUNghJk; ; Nrhu;T milahJ. kfporrpAld; ,e;j gzpapid mtu; Nkw;nfhs;thu;. NkYk; vtu; miog;Gg; gzpapid jdJ ; ; cs;sj;jpy; gpujhd ,lj;jpy; itf;ftpyiyNah mjd; nghUl;L ftiy nfhs;stpyiyNah mtu; eprrakhf ; ; ; ,e;j cyfj;ij nray;gl Kbahj rpwpa ,lkhfNt fhz;ghu;. mg;NghJ mtu; mw;ghd rhf;F mOj;jj;jpYk; cyf ,d;gj;jpYk; rpe;jp mjw;F gypahfp tpLthu;. my;yh`;(RG) mkhdpjj;ij ey;y Kiwapy; epiwNtw;Wgtu;fNshL ek;ik mtd;(RG) ,izj;J itg;ghdhf. mtd;(RG) kpff Nfl;gtDk; gjpy; mspgghdhf ; ; ,Uf;fpwhd;! MkPd!! ;

r%fj;ij epukhdpggJ ; ;
my;yh`;(RG) kdpj ,dj;Jf;F caputhOk; cs;Szu;it (Survival Insticnt) mUspapUf;fpdwhd;. ,e;j ; ; cs;Szu;tpd; xU jd;ikapdhy; kf;fs; xd;WgLtJk; gpddu; xd;whf $b tho;tJkhFk;. MfNt kf;fs; ; xNu fhyj;jpy; xd;whf ,Ug;gJ mtu;fspd; ,ay;ghd jd;ikia Nru;ejjhFk;. ,Ug;gpDk; xd;whf $Ljy; ; vd;gJ mtu;fis xNu r%fkhf khw;whJ> xU FOthfNt mtu;fs; fUg;gLthu;fs;. xU nghJ eydpd; mbg;gilapYk;; nghJthd Mgj;jpypUe;J jw;fhj;Jf; nfhs;sTk; mtu;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; cwit Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;shjtiu mtu;fs; xU FOthfNt ,Ug;ghu;fs;. ,j;jifa cwTfs; xU nghJ eyd; Nehf;fj;NjhL mtu;fspilNa cwTfs; Vw;gLk;NghJ mtu;fs; xU r%fkhf khw;wk; milfpwhu;fs;. vdpDk; mtu;fsJ cwTfs; gw;wpa fz;Nzhl;lk; xd;Wglhjtiu mj;jifa cwTfshy; kl;Lk; xU jdp r%fkhf mtu;fs; Mf Ntz;Lnkdpy; mtu;fSila vz;zq;fs; xd;W gl Ntz;Lk;. cwTfs; gw;wp mtu;fspd; tpUg;G ntWg;G xd;WgLk;NghJ mtu;fspd; czu;Tfs; xd;WgLk;. NkYk; jtpuff ,ayhky; vjpujJ tUk; gpur;ridfis ; ; ; ; ifahSk; tpjKk; mtu;fsplk; xNu khjpupahf ,Uf;Fk;. MfNt xU r%fj;ijg; gw;wpa fUj;ij cUthf;Ftjw;F Kd;G me;j r%fj;jpy; Xq;fp epwFk;. rpejidfisAk;> czu;TfisAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;tJ Kf;fpakhd ; ; tp\akhFk;. Vnddpy; ,J xd;Wjhd; xU r%fj;ij kw;nwhU r%fj;jpypUe;J NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Lk; mk;rj;ij jPukhdpfFk; tp\akhFk;. ,jdbg;gilapy; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; `p[uj; nra;J Ngha; Nru;ej kjpdh ; ; ; ; tho; kf;fs; r%fj;jpd; kPJ ehk; ftdk; nrYj;JNthk;. mf;fhy fl;lj;jpy; kjpdhtpy; %d;W FOf;fs; tho;eJ te;jd. ngUk;ghd;ikahf tho;ej K];ypkfs; ; ; ; (K[h`pufs;> md;rhu;fs;) mt;]> f[;uk;> muG ,d gynja;t Nfhl;ghl;il nfhz;ltu;fs;-,tu;fs; ,];yhj;ij ; ; Vw;fhjtu;fs;-%d;whtJ FOit Nru;ejtu;fs; a+ju;fshthu;fs;. ,tu;fs; ehd;F gpupTfshf ,Ue;J te;jhu;fs;. ; kjpdh efUf;Fs; tho;ej gD} ifDfh kw;Wk; kjpdhtpd; ntspapy; tho;ej gD} espu> gD} ifgu; kw;Wk; ; ; ; gD} Fiush MfpNahu;fs; ,];yhk; tUtjw;F Kd;ghfNt a+ju;fs; kjpdhtho; kf;fs; r%fj;jpypUe;J tpyfp jdp r%fkhfNt tho;eJ te;jhu;fs;. ,J Vnddpy; mtu;fspd; rpejidfSk; fUj;Jf;fSk; czu;TfSk; ; ; Kw;wpYk; khWgl;litahf ,Ue;jJk;> ,jd; mbg;gilapNyNa mtu;fs; jq;fs; tptfhuq;fis jPujJf; ; ; nfhz;lhu;fs; vd;gJjhd; ,jd; fhuzkhf kjpdh efupy; tho;ej NghJk; a+ju;fs; xUNghJk; mjd; nghJ ; r%fj;jpy; ,ize;jtu;fshf tho;ejJ ,y;iy. epuhfupggtu;fis nghWj;jtiu mtu;fs; xU rpwpa rpWghd;ik ; ; $l;lkhf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. kjpdhtpy; ,];yhkpa R+oy; NkNyhq;fp ,Ue;jjhy; mtu;fs; ve;j xU Kf;fpaj;JtKk; ,y;yhjtu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. MfNt ,];yhj;ij mtu;fs; jOthtpllhYk; ,];yhkpa rpejidfSf;Fk;> ; ; czu;TfSf;Fk; tplLf;nfhLj;J tho;tJ mtu;fSf;F jtpuff Kbahj tp\khf MfptpllJ. kjpdhtpy; ; ; ; ; K`h[pufSk;> md;]hu;fSk; ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bdhy; ,izf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,];yhk; mtu;fis xd;whf;fpaJ. ; MfNt mtu;fspd; rpejidfSk;> czu;TfSk; xd;whfptplld. NkYk; mtu;fs; tho;fif eilKiwfisAk; ; ; ; cwTfisAk; ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. ,J ,ay;ghdJk; jtpuff ,ayhj ; ; ; KbTk; MFk;. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; ,];yhkpa Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy; K];ypkfspd; cwTfis ; tbtikj;jhu;fs;. mtu;(]y;) mtu;fis xU rNfhjuj;Jt cwT njspthd xU tpisit mtu;fSf;Fs;Sk;> mtu;fsJ tzpf eltbf;iffspYk;> tho;fif tptfhuq;fspYk; nfhz;L te;jJ. ,e;j nfhs;ifapid ; kdjpy; nfhz;ltu;fshfNt ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; myp ,g;D mG+jhypg(usp) mtu;fSld; rNfhjuj;Jtj;ij ; mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. `k;rh(usp) ,iwJ}jupd; mbik i[J ,g;D `hup](usp) mtu;fSld; ,e;j ; KiwapNyNa rNfhjuj;Jtj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mG+gf;fu;(usp) `hup[h ,g;D i[J(usp)f;F ,e;j KiwapNyNa rNfhjuu; Mfptpllhu;. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; gpw K`h[pufisAk; md;]hu;fisAk; ; ; mioj;J> ,t;thNw rNfhjuj;Jtj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s fl;lisapllhu;fs;. ; MfNt cku; ,g;D fj;jhg;(usp) cj;gh ,g;D khypf; my; f[;uj;(usp)f;Fk;> jy;`h ,g;D cigj;Jy;yh`;(usp) mG+ ma;a+g; my; md;]hup(usp)f;Fk;> mg;Ju; u`;khd; ,g;D mt;/g;(usp) r/J ,g;D my; ugP/(usp)f;Fk; rNfhjuu;fs; Mdhu;fs;. ,e;j rNfhjuj;Jtk; nghUshjhu uPjpahf xU tpisit Vw;gLj;jpaJ. md;]hu;fs; kpfg;ngupa ngUe;jd;ikia K`h[pufshd jq;fs; rNfhjuu;fs; ,lj;jpy; fhz;gpjjhu;fs;. ,J mtu;fSf;fpilapy; ; ; ,Ue;j ge;jj;jij cWjpgLj;jpaJ. md;]hu;fs; gzj;ijAk;> nrhj;Jf;fisAk; ,d;Dk; mtu;fsplj;jpYs;s midj;ijAk; jq;fs; rNfhjuu;fshd K`h[pufNshL gfpueJ nfhz;lhu;fs;. mtu;fs; ,U rhuu;fSk; ; ; ; xd;whfNt tzpfj;jpy; <Lgl;lhu;fs;. xd;whfNt tptrhak; nra;jhu;fs;. K`h[pufspYs;s tpahghupfs; ; nghUshjhuj;jpy; jq;fs; ftdj;ij nrYj;jpdhu;fs;. mg;Ju; u`;khd; ,g;D mt;/g;(usp) ntz;nza; kw;Wk; ghyhilf;fl;b tpahghuj;jpy; <Lgl;lhu;fs;. kw;w tpahghu rpejid cs;stu;fSk; ,NjNghy; nra;jhu;fs;. ; mG+gf;fu;(usp) myp ,g;D mG+jhypg(usp) Nghd;wtu;fs; tpahghuj;jpy; ehl;lk; nfhs;shky; tptrhaj;jpy; ; <Lgl;lhu;fs;. md;]hu;fs; mtu;fSf;F mspjj epyj;jpy; Ntiy nra;jhu;fs;. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; J}ju;(]y;) ; mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs; vtu;fSf;F xU rpW msT epyk; ,Ue;jhYk; mjpy; mtu; tptrhak; nra;a Ntz;Lk;

my;yJ mij mtUila rNfhjuUf;F toq;fptpl Ntz;Lk;. vdNt K];ypkfs; jq;fs; tho;fif Njitf;fhf ; ; cioj;jhu;fs;. ,e;epiyapy; xU rpwpa K];ypkfs; FO jq;fsplk; gzk; ,y;yhkYk;> tho;tjw;F tif ; mwpahkYk;> jq;Ftjw;F xU ,lk; ,y;yhkYk; f\;lkhd R+o;epiyapy; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; Njitfis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;s rf;jpaw;wtu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mtu;fSk; K`h[pufSk; my;y. md;]hu;fSk; my;y. ; ,];yhj;ij Vw;W kjpdh te;jile;j muG ,dj;ij rhu;ejtu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; ; ,tu;fis guhkupfFk; nghWg;ig vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mtu;fis kjpdh gs;spapd; ntspgGwj;jpYs;s ; ; jpzizapy; jq;f itj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; gpwfhyj;jpy; jpziz Njhou;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. ; ; ; my;yh`;(RG) jhuhskhf mUl;nra;j nry;te;ju; K];ypkfspd; cjtpiaf; nfhz;L mtu;fs; tho;eJ te;jhu;fs;. ; ; ,j;jifa eltbf;ifapd; %yk; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; ,];yhkpa tho;fif Kiwapid epiygLj;jp ; te;jhu;fs;. xU cWjpahd mbg;gil kPJ K];ypkfSf;fpilNa cs;s cwTfis mtu;(]y;) jPukhdk; ; ; nra;jhu;fs;. kjPdh khefuj;jpy; xU tYthd fl;likg;gpy; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; xU r%fj;ij epWtpdhu;fs;. me;j r%fk; epuhfupgGf;F vjpuhf vOe;J epdwJ. NkYk; mJ eatQ;rfu;fSk;> a+ju;fSk; ; ; Nkw;nfhz;l rjpfSf;F vjpuhf jhf;F gpbj;J epdwJ. ,e;j ,];yhkpa r%fk; ,Wjptiu xd;whfNt ; ,Ue;J te;jJ. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; K];ypkfSf;fpilNa cs;s xw;Wikapidf; fz;L ek;gpfif ; ; nfhz;lhu;fs;. gynja;t Nfhl;ghL cila kjPdhthrpfisg; nghWj;jtiu mtu;fs; K];ypk; r%fj;jpd; kPJ ve;jtpj jhf;fj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jtpyiy. Kjypy; mtu;fs; ,];yhj;jpd; rl;ljpllq;fSf;F fl;Lg;gl;ltu;fshf tho;ejhu;fs;. ; ; ; ,Wjpahf> kjPdhtpd; kz;zpypUe;J kiwe;Nj Nghdhu;fs;. a+ju;fSk; ,e;j KbitNa ,Wjpapy; va;jpdhu;fs;. ,];yhj;jpd; gpuNtrj;jpwF Kd;Ng a+ju;fs; jdp ; r%fkhf jdpahf tho;eJ te;jhu;fs;. ,];yhj;jpd; Ml;rp kjPdhtpy; epWtg;gl;l gpwF fUj;J NtWghLfs; ; Mokhf vOe;jd. vdNt xU Fwpggpll mbg;gilapy; K];ypkfSf;Fk;> a+ju;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; cwTfs; ; ; ; jPukhdpffg;gLtjw;F mtrpak; Vw;gl;LtpllJ. vdNt ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; kw;w r%fq;fisg; nghWj;jtiu ; ; ; K];ypkfspd; me;j];ij epuzak; nra;Ak; jPukhdj;ij Nkw;nfhz;lhu;fs;. ; ; ; ,jd; mbg;gilapy; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; xU Mtzj;ij vOjpdhu;fs;. mjpy; K`h[pufSk;> ; md;]hu;fSk; nghJthf a+ju;fNshL xU xg;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ. mjpy; a+ju;fspd; kjcupikAk;> nrhj;JupikAk; mq;fPfupffg;gl;lJ. a+ju;fSk;> K];ypkfSk; xUtUf;nfhUtu; cjtp nra;J nfhs;tJ xg;ge;jg;gb flik ; ; vd;W nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; me;j Mtzj;ij ,t;thW vOj Muk;gpjjhu;fs;. ,e;j ; Mtzk; ,iwJ}ju; K`k;kJilajhFk;. ,e;j Mtzk; K];ypkfNshL kw;wtu;fspd; cwTfis fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; ; tp]thrpahd Fiw\pa K];ypkfs; kw;Wk; aj;ug; K];ypkfs; kw;Wk; mtu;fis gpdgw;wpatu;fs; kw;Wk; mtu;fNshL ; ; P ; ; ,ize;J Nghu; Gupejtu;fs;. ,tu;fs; midtUk; xNu r%fj;ij Nru;ejtu;fs;. kw;wtu;fs; ePqfyhf gpwF ; ; ; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; tp]thrpahd K];ypkfSf;Fk;> kw;wtu;fSf;FKs;s cwit vt;thW rhrdg;gLj;j ; ; Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpdhu;fs;. Ngr;R thu;jijapy; tp]thrpfSf;Fk;> K];ypkfSf;FKs;s cwit FwpjJk; ; ; ; ; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) $wpdhu;fs;. xU tp]thrp epuhfupggtUf;F Mjuthf xU tp]thrpia nfhiy nra;af;$lhJ. ; ; ; NkYk; tp]thrpfF vjpuhf epuhfupggtUf;F xU tp]thrp cjtp nra;af;$lhJ. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; xg;ge;jk; ; ; ; ; mtu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; xd;Wjhd;. mtu;fspy; kpff; Fiwe;jtu;fSk; nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;batu;fs;. ntsp egu;fisj; jtpujJ tp]thrpfs; xUtUf;nfhUtu; ez;gu;fshtu;. ek;ik gpdgw;Wk; a+ju;fSf;F cjtpAk; rk ; ; ; ; cupikAk; cz;L. mtu;fSf;F mePjk; ,iof;fg;gl $lhJ. mtu;fspd; vjpupfSk; cjtpfs; nra;tJ $lhJ. tp]thrpfSf;fpilapYs;s rkhjhdj;ijAk; gpupff KbahjJ. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; topapy; tp]thrpfs; ; ; ; Nghu; nra;Ak; NghJ jdpggl;l Kiwapy; rkhjhdk; nra;J nfhs;s $lhJ. epiyikfs; midtUf;Fk; ; rhjfkhfNt ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j Mtzj;jpy; Fwpggplg;gl;Ls;s a+ju;fs; kjPdhtpd; ,];yhkpa murpy; Fbfshf ; ,Uf;f tpUk;gpatu;fs; kl;Lk;jhd;. kjPdhtpwF ntspapy; thOk; a+j ,dj;ij ,J FwpffhJ. ,t;thwhf ; ; kjPdh murpd; fPo; tho tpUk;Gk; ve;j xU a+jUk; mNj cupikiaAk;> mNj rYiffisAk; mDgtpgghu;fs;. ; Vnddpy; mtu; ,e;epiyapy; xU jpkkp (Dhimmi xg;ge;jf;fhuu;fs;)ahf fUg;gLthu;. ,e;j Mtzj;jpy; ; Fwpggplg;gl;Ls;s a+ju;fs; vtu;fs; vd;W Mtzj;jpd; gpwgFjpapy; Fwpggplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jpy; gD} mt;/g;> ; ; ; gD} e[;[hu; ,d;Dk; rpyUk; mlq;Fthu;fs;. NeUf;F Neuhf mtu;fspd; me;j];Jfs; ,];yhkpa murpy; vd;d vd;W Mtzj;jpy; cWjp nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. mtu;fs; K];ypkfNshL nfhz;Ls;s cwTfs; njspthf ,];yhkpa ; rl;lj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jPukhdpffg;gl;lJ. mJ ,];yhj;jpd; mjpfhuj;jpwFk; mjd; murpd; ghJfhg;gpwFk; ; ; ; ; cl;gl;lJ. me;j Mtzj;jpd; rpy \u;jJf;fs; fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ; 1. a+ju;fspd; neUq;fpa ez;gu;fs; a+ju;fisg; Nghd;wtu;fNs. mtu;fspy; vtUk; ,iwJ}ju; K`k;kJ(]y;) mtu;fspd; mDkjp ngwhky; ntspapy; nry;yf;$lhJ. 2. ,e;j Mtzj;jpd; kf;fSf;F aj;upGjhd; GfyplkhFk;.

3. ve;jtpjkhd rr;ruNth> Kuz;ghLfNsh vOe;J epd;W mjdhy; gpur;ridfs; vOe;jhy; my;yh`;tplKk;> my;yh`;tpd; J}juplKk; nfhz;L tug;gLk;. 4. epuhfupf;Fk; Fiw\paUf;Fk;> mtu;fSf;F cjtp nra;gtu;fSf;Fk; ve;jtpj ghJfhg;Gk; nfhLf;ff;$lhJ. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; J}ju;(]y;) mtu;fspd; ,e;j Mtzj;jpy; kjPdhTf;F mUfpy; trpjj a+j ,dj;jpd; ; epiy jPukhdpffg;gl;bUe;jJ. mtu;fs; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fspd; mDkjp ,y;yhky; mjhtJ murpd; ; ; mDkjp ,y;yhky; ntspapy; nry;yf;$lhJ vd;w epge;jid tpjpffg;gl;bUe;jJ. mtu;fspd; Gfyplkhd ; kjPdhtpd; kPJ Nghu; nra;tJk;> Nghupy; vjpupfSf;F cjtp nra;tJk; mtu;fSf;F jLf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. NkYk; Fiw\pfSk;> Fiw\pfSf;F cjtp nra;gtu;fSf;Fk; cjtp nra;tJk; mtu;fSf;F jLf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,e;j epge;jidfSld; $ba xg;ge;jj;jpd; \u;jJfSf;F mtu;fs; fl;Lg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j Mtzj;jpd; ; \u;jJf;fs; FwpjJ fUj;J NtWghL te;jhy; mij ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fsplk; nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;. ; ; a+ju;fs; ,e;j Mtzj;jpy; Fwpggplg;gl;bUe;j epge;jidfis Vw;W Mtzj;jpy; Fwpggplg;gl;bUe;j a+j ; ; ,dj;ijr; Nru;ej midtUk; ifnahg;gk; ,l;lhu;fs;. mtu;fs; gD} mg; `hupj> gD} ]hapjh> gD} ; ; [{\;k> gD} my; mt;]> gD} jhygh> gD} ifDfh ,e;j jUzj;jpy; ifnahg;gk; ,ltpyiy. gpdG xU ; ; ; ; Njjpapy; mtu;fs; ifnahg;gk; ,l;lhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; midtUk; jq;fs; tpUg;gj;jpd; Ngupy; ,e;j Mtzj;jpd; epge;jidfSf;F xj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. ,e;j Mtzj;jpy; ifnahg;gk; ,l;ljpd; thapyhf ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; tsu;eJ tUk; ,];yhkpa murpd; fPo; thOk; Fbfspd; cwTfis cWjpahf jPukhdpjjhu;fs;. ; ; ; ,];yhkpa muRf;Fk; mUfhikapYs;s a+j ,dj;Jf;FkpilapYs;s cwTfSk; njspthfTk;> cWjpahfTk; Fwpggplg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,Ue;j NghjpYk; ,e;j ,uz;L ,lj;jpYk; ,];yhk;jhd; ePjpgjpahfTk;> kj;jpa];jhufTk; ; tpsq;fpaJ. ,e;j epiyapyjhd; ,iwJ}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; ,];yhkpa r%fk; ed;F epWtg;gl;LtpllJ vd;gjpy; ; ; cWjp nfhz;lhu;fs;. NkYk; a+ju;fspd; JNuhfj;jpd; thapyhf ve;jtpj cldb Mgj;Jk; ,y;yhj xU ghJfhg;G epiyapidNa mtu;fs; czu;ejhu;fs;. MfNt mtu;fs;(]y;) ,g;NghJ ,];yhj;jpd; ew;nra;jpfF ; ; FWf;Nf epwFk; jilfw;fis mfw;Wk; nghUl;L NghUf;F Maj;jk; nra;Ak; Kaw;rpapy; ,wq;fpdhu;fs;. ;

gp]kpyyh`;.......... ; ;

kjpggPLfspd; msTNfhs;: ;
Nkw;fj;jpa kf;fs; xU nghUspd; kjpgG gw;wp jPukhdpfFk;NghJ xUtu; me;j nghUSf;F nfhLf;Fk; ; ; ; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L jPukhdk; nra;thu;fs; my;yJ me;j nghUNshL njhlu;Gilaitfis ; nghWj;J jPukhdpgghu;fs;. MfNt mtu;fSf;F xU nghUspd; kjpgG vd;gJ kw;witfspd; njhlu;NghL $ba ; ; ; xg;gPNl jtpu cz;ikahd kjpgG ,y;iy. Vnddpy; mjd; kjpgG xU jdpkdpjNuhNlh my;yJ ,uz;L ; ; njhlu;Gilaitfis itj;Jjhd; jPukhdpffg;gLfpwJ. khwhf> K];ypkfs; xU nghUspd; kjpgig mjpypUe;J ; ; ; ; fpilf;Fk; gaid itj;J jPukhdpffpwhu;fs;. ,jy; me;j nghUspd; jl;Lg;ghL vDk; fhuzp guprPyidf;F ; ; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; ,J me;j nghUspd; kjpgig ghjpggJ ,y;iy. ve;j epiyapYk; nghUs; ; ; kw;Wk; mjd; gad;ghL Mfpaitfspd; msTNfhs;> kjpgG xd;iw kl;Lk; itj;Jjhd; fzf;fplg;gLk;. ,J ; K];ypkhdhYk; kw;wtu;fshdhYk; rupNa! mjhtJ nghUspd; kjpg;ig mjd; xg;gPL fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; jPukhdpggtu;fshapDk; rupNa! MfNt kjpggpd; msTNfhs; xU nghUspd; gad;ghl;il nghWj;Jj;jhd;. ; ; ; Kbthf> kjpggPLfis jPukhdpfFk; mwpT cyf nghUl;fs; tp\aj;jpy; mjhtJ nghUshjhuj;jpy; jtpuff ; ; ; ; ; KbahjJ. ,J cyf nghUl;fspd; kjpggPlil nghWj;J kl;Lk;jhd;. xOf;f khz;G kw;Wk; Md;kPf kjpggPLfis ; ; ; nghWj;jtiu> mjd; kjpgig mjpypUe;J ngwg;gLk; gad;fis itj;J Nkw;fj;jpa kf;fs; jPukhdpffpwhu;fs;. ; ; ; MfNt ngUe;jd;ik ew;Fzk; cjtp nra;Ak; kdg;ghq;F kw;Wk; cz;ik tp]thrk; Mfpa gz;Gfs; xU ; kdpjUf;F Kf;fpakhf Njhd;wpdhy; mg;Nghj mitfs; mtUf;F kjpgGkpffitfshFk; my;yJ rpytw;NwhL ; ; njhlu;GgLj;Jk;NghJ mit kjpgGkpffitahf ,Uf;ff;$Lk;. MfNt> ,e;j njhlu;Gilaitfs; MfptpLfpwJ. ; ; ,J NghyNt Nkw;fj;jpa kf;fs; topghL> topghl;Ljyq;fs; kw;Wk; kjuPjpahd rl;lnewpfis gapYjy; Nghd; Md;kPfj;NjhL njhlu;Gila ve;j eltbf;ifahapDk; jdpkdpju; nfhLf;Fk; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij itj;Njh my;yJ mjNdhL njhlu;Gilaitfspd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij itj;Njh kjpgig jPukhdpffpwhu;fs;. ; ; ; K];ypkfisg; nghWj;jtiu kjpgG vd;gJ cz;ikahdNj jtpu ngausTf;fy;y. MfNt xOf;fk; kw;Wk; ; ; Md;kPf tp\aq;fs; midj;Jk; Md;kPf kjpggPlhfNt Vty; kw;Wk; tpyf;fy;fSf;F fl;Lg;gLtjhFk;. MfNt ; my;yh`;(RG) ve;j xU nraYf;F Kd;Dupik mspffpwhNdh mitfs; midj;Jk; kjpgG kpffitfshFk;. ; ; ; mtd;(RG) xd;iw jil nra;thdhdhy; mJ vJthapDk; kjpgG VJk; kw;w tPzhd xd;NwahFk;. ; ,e;j fUj;J nraYf;F kl;Lk; nghUe;jf;$baJ. nghUl;fisg; nghWj;jtiu my;yh`;(RG) Vw;fdNt jPukhdpjJ $wpAs;s gad;fspd; msit itj;J jPukhdpffg;gLfpwNJ jtpu mjd; njhlu;G xg;gPlL kjpgig ; ; ; ; ; ; itj;J my;y. MfNt mitfspd; kjpgG khw;wk; milahJ. mitfspd; kjpgG Njitia itj;Jk; Njitia ; ; g+u;jjp nra;jiy itj;Jk; khw;wk; milahJ. NkYk; mjd; Gyf;fj;jpd; msit itj;Jk; khw;wk; milahJ. ; MfNt kjpgG vd;gJ my;yh`;(RG) me;j nghUSf;F Vw;fdNt jPukhdpjJ $wpaJ ,Wjpehs; tiu ; ; ; epiyahdjhfTk; khwhjjhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. ,ay;ghfNt kdpju;fs; nghUl;fspd; kjpgigAk; nray;fspd; kjpgigAk; mjd; gad; msit nghWj;J ; ; kjPggPL nra;tjhy; xU nghUspd; kjpgG my;yJ xU nraypd; kjpgG vd;gij xU r%fj;jpd; kdpju;fs; ; ; ; jPukhdk; nra;Ak; NghJ me;j r%fj;jpd; kjpggPlhfNt mJ fUjg;gLk;. vdNt ,ay;ghf jPukhdpff tha;gG ; ; ; ; ; fpilj;jhy; Md;kPf tp\aq;fSk; mjpypUe;J ngwg;gLk; gad; msit itj;Nj fzf;fplg;gLk;. MfNt my;yh`;(RG) cyf nghUl;fisAk; kdpju;fspd; nray;fisAk; mjpypUe;J ngwg;gLk; gad; msit itj;J jPukhdpff kdpju;fSf;F tha;gG mspjjpUf;fpwhd;. Mdhy; mtd;(RG) Md;kPf tp\aq;fspy; kjpgigAk; ; ; ; ; ; xOf;f khz;GfisAk; Vw;fdNt jPukhdpjJ itj;J tpllhd;. NkYk; mtd;(RG) mtw;Wf;fpilapYs;s ; ; ; Kd;Dupik gw;wpa fUj;Jf;fisAk; FwpggplbUf;fpwhd;. ; ; mtd; ngw;Nwhu;fSf;F fPogbjypd; kjpggPlil Vw;fdNt epuzapjJ ,Uf;fpwhd;. vdpDk; mtd;(RG) ; ; ; ; ; [p`hJf;F mjpf kjpgG nfhLj;J ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtd;(RG) jd;idr; rhu;eJ ,Ug;gtu;fspd; Njitfis ; ; epiwNtw;Wk; nraypd; kjpgig cau;thf Kd;Ng jPukhdk; nra;Jtpllhd;. Mdhy; K];ypkfspd; vjpupfis ; ; ; ; ,];yhkpa g+kpapypUe;J tpul;babg;gjw;F mijtpl cau;ej kjpggPlil Kd;Ng jPukhdpjJ tpllhd;. mtd;(RG) ; ; ; ; ; ; k];[pJfis epukhdpfFk; nraYf;F jPukhdpjj kjpggPlil tpl> ,];yhkpa miog;G gzpfF (Daa’wa) ; ; ; ; ; ; ; jPukhdpjj kjpggPL cau;thfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. ; ; ; MfNt my;yh`;(RG) nray;fSf;Fupa kjpggPlil Vw;fdNt jPukhdk; nra;J> mjd; kjpggPlL msTNfhis ; ; ; ; ; Fwpggpll Kiwapy; tFj;J nfhLj;Js;shd;. mtd;(RG) ,];yhj;ijAk; mtDila topapy; [p`hJ nra;tijAk;> ; ; ,];yhj;ij ghJfhg;gijAk; cau;ej kjpggPlL msTNfhspy; itj;J ,Uf;fpwhd;. MfNt my;yh`;(RG) ; ; ; $Wfpwhd;>

$WtPuhf> cq;fs; ngw;Nwhu;fSk;> cq;fs; Foe;ijfSk;> cq;fs; rNfhju;fSk;> cq;fs; kidtpkhu;fs;> cq;fs; Nfhj;jpuq;fSk;> ePqfs; rk;ghjpjj nrhj;Jf;fSk;> e\;lj;ij mQ;Rk; cq;fs; tpahghuq;fSk;> ; ; ePqfs; tpUk;Gk; cq;fs; FbapUg;GfSk; my;yh`;it tplTk; mtDila J}jiu tplTk; mtd; topapy; ; [p`hJ nra;tijtplTk; cq;fSf;F gpupakhdjhf ,Ue;jhy;> mtDila fl;lisf;fhf fhj;jpUq;fs;. my;yh`; Fw;wthspfis Neu;topapy; nrYj;jkhl;lhd;. (Fu;Md; 9:24) ,e;j trdj;jpYs;s mtDila fl;lis vd;gJ mtd; jz;lid vd;W nghUs; nfhs;sg;gLk;. ,e;j tp\aq;fis my;yh`;(RG)it tpl mtDila J}ju;(]y;) mtu;fis tpl my;yh`;(RG) toapy; [p`hJ nra;tijtpl gpupakhf vz;Zgtu;fSf;F xU vr;rupfifahf ,Uf;fpwJ. MfNt my;yh`;(RG) ,jd; ; kjpggPLfis juk; gpupjJ Fwpggplg;gl;bUg;gJld; ,e;j fl;lisia kPWgtu;fis vr;rupjJk; ,Uf;fpwhd;. ; ; ; ; vdNt K];ypkfs;> my;yh`;(RG) tpl> mtDila J}ju;(]y;) mtu;fist tpl> mtDila topapy; [p`hJ ; nra;tijtpl - ,];yhj;ijAk;> [p`hijAk; tpl - kw;witfSf;F kjpggPLfspd; msTNfhspy; cau;ej ; ; me;j];ij nfhLg;gtu;fSf;F ve;jtpj kd;dpg;Gk; ,y;iy. kw;w midj;J tp\aq;fSk; \upahtpd; rl;ljpllq;fspdgb mtw;wpd; tupir fpukj;jpy; itj;J kjpggplg;gLk;. MfNt K];ypkfs; jq;fs; tho;itAk;> ; ; ; ; jq;fs; FLk;gj;ijAk;> nrhj;J Rfq;fisAk; ,];yhj;ijAk; [p`hijAk;tpl kjpggPlL msTNfhspd; cau;ej ; ; ; me;j];jpy; itg;gjpypUe;J jilnra;ag;gl;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. mt;thW nra;jhu;fshdhy; jpUkiw Fu;Mdpd; njspthd trdk; Nfhbl;L fhl;bapUg;gJNghy; mtu;fs; ghtpfshfp my;yh`;(RG)tpd; jz;lidf;F Mshfp tpLthu;fs;. MfNt xU K];ypk; ,];yhj;ijAk;> my;yh`;(RG)tpd; topapy; Nghu; nra;tijAk;> mtDila fypkh NkNyhq;F tjw;fhf jhth nra;tijAk; cau;ej Kd;Dupikapy; mjhtJ kjpggLfspd; msTNfhspy; cau;ej me;j];jpYk; ; ; P ; itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. gpdG kw;w midj;J tp\aq;fSk; gad;ghL msT vd;w mbg;gilapy; ,y;yhJ ; my;yh`;(RG) Kd;Ng kw;w kjpggPLfspd; juq;fis jPukhdpjj tupirg;gb Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ; ; ; ,];yhkpa miog;G gzpia jq;fSf;F jhq;fNs tpjpjJf; nfhz;ltu;fs; KOikahd ,];yhkpa tho;fifia ; ; nfhz;Ltu Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUg;gtu;fs; eprrakhf mtu;fs; xU mu;ggzpgig jq;fs; kPJ Rkj;jpf; nfhz;ltu;fs;. ; ; ; my;yh`;(RG)itAk;> mtDila J}ju;(]y;) mtu;fisAk;> mtDila ghijapy; [p`hJ nra;tijAk; jq;fs; ngw;Nwhu;fis tpl jq;fs; Foe;ijfistpl gpupakhdjhf Mf;fpf; nfhz;ltu;fs;.

xU \ghGf;F epidT+l;lg;gLtJ vd;dntd;why; miuFiwahf miog;G gzpia Nkw;nfhs;tjpd; fhuzkhf Vw;gLk; Fwpggplj;jf;f gpddlit gw;wpNaahFk;. ,e;j gpddilT miog;G gzpia epiwNtw;w jtwptpll ; ; ; ; epiyiaNa Vw;gLj;Jk;. rpy miog;G gzpahsu;fs; jq;fs; fOj;Jf;fspy; cs;s ght Rikia ,wf;fp itj;jhy; NghJk; vd;w epiyapyjhd; gzp nra;fpwhu;fs;. my;yh`;(RG)tpd; khngUk; ntFkjpia ngw ; Ntz;Lk; vd;w tp\aj;jpy; myl;rpak; nfhz;ltu;fshfNt jpfo;fpwhu;fs;. ,J flikia epiwNtw;Wtjpy; xUtpj Njfj;ijAk;> my;yh`;(RG)tpd; fl;lisfis Gwf;fzpfFk; xU ngUq;Fw;wj;jpd; gf;fKk; mtu;fis ; ,l;Lr; nry;fpwJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf mtu;fs; nra;Ak; gzpapy; xU epiwT ,Ug;gjpyiy. NkYk; gzpfs; ; Jtf;fg;gl;lhYk; KOikg;gLj;jg;gLtjpyiy. xl;Lnkhj;jkhf ,J fl;rpapd; Kd;Ndw;wj;ij ghjpffhtpllhYk; ; ; ; xU Njf;fj;ij Vw;Lj;jhky; ,y;iy. kjpggPLfspd; msTNfhspy; xUtpj kdf;Fog;gj;jpwF Mshdtu;fis ; ; fl;rp XusT kPlbUf;fpwJ. MfNt rpy kjpgGkpff fl;rp cWg;gpdu;fs; ,d;Dk; ,Ue;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ; ; ; MfNt xU \ghg; my;yh`;(RG) kjpggPLfspd; msTNfhspy; FwpggplLs;s cau;ej nray;fis kl;Lk; ; ; ; ; nra;tNjhL jd;id RUf;fpf; nfhs;shky;> vLj;Jf; nfhz;l midj;J kjpggPLfspd; msTNfhspYs;s ; nray;fisAk; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jpf; $WtJ ,q;F fl;lhakf;fg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; epidT+llg;gLtJ ; vd;dntd;why; xU Fwpggpll tp\ak; kw;w midj;ijAk; KOikg;gLj;j Njitahf ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk; xU ; ; flikia epiwNtw;w Njitahditfs; midj;Jk; me;j flikiag; Nghd;Nw Kf;fpakhdjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk; epidT+l;lg;gLtJ vd;dntd;why; my;yh`;(RG)tpd; ctg;gpid ngw Ntz;Lnkd;W jd;idj;jhNd mu;ggzpjJf; nfhz;ltu;fs; mtDila khngUk; ntFkjpia tplL tpyfp NghFjy; Kiwahdjd;W. NkYk; ; ; ; clypYk; cs;sj;jpYk; CLUtp ,Uf;Fk; nghL Nghf;Fj;jdk; Nkhrkhd xU NehahFk;. NkYk; xU ghtj;ij jd;dplkpUe;J ePfFtjw;Nfh my;yJ my;yh`;(RG) fl;lisaplLs;s Kaw;rpapy; fQ;rj;jdk; ; ; fhl;Ltnjd;gJ fQ;rj;jdj;jpnyy;yhk; kpfg;ngupaJ. tp]thrpfSf;F Ntjid jUk; tp\ak; vd;dntd;why; ; ; ; ; ek;kpy; rpyu; gpuRuq;fis (Leaflets) tpdpNahfpggij jtpujJf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. my;yJ mwpTWj;jg;gl;lthW gpuRq;fis tpdpNahfpggjpyiy. rpyu; mjpfkhd gpuRuq;fis tpdpNahfk; nra;a Ntz;Lnkd;w Nghl;bapy; ; ; <LghL fhl;Ltjpyiy. ,d;Dk; Ntjid mspfff;$baJ vd;dntd;why; ek;kpy; rpyu; rpy gpuRu fl;Lfis ; ; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tNjhL rup> gpdG mij tpdpNahfk; nra;tjpyiy. ,d;Dk; rpyu; rpwpa msNt gq;nfLj;Jf; ; ; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. vd;whYk; KO kdNjhL gzp nra;tjpyiy. ,d;Dk; rpyu; kf;fs; njhlu;ig Vw;gLj;jpf; ;

nfhs;tjpNyh my;yJ tpthjq;fspy; <LgLtjpNyh ftdk; nrYj;jtpyiy. ,d;Dk; rpyu; miuFiwahfNt ; gzpapy; <LgLfpwhu;fs;. mjd;%yk; Vw;gLk; tpisTfSk; (gad;fSk;) nrhw;gkhfNt ,Uf;fpdwd. ,d;Dk; ; rpyu; kf;fs; njhlu;ig Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk;gb fl;lisaplg;gl;bUe;jhYk;> mt;thW nra;tjpyiy. ,e;j ; \ghg;fs; gpuRuq;fis tpdpNahfk; nra;tJ njhOifapy; epiwNtw;wg;gLk; uf;fhmj;Jfis NghyTk;> vjpupfis Nghu;ffsj;jpy; jhf;FtJ NghyTk; fl;lha flik (gu;S) vd;W czu;eJ nfhs;stpyiyah? my;yh`;(RG) ; ; ; njhOifia flikahf;fpa NghJ njhOiff;Fupa uf;fhmj;Jfis epiwNtw;Wtij nghJ fl;lisapy; Nru;jjpUg;gJ Nghy> Nghu;ffsj;jpy; jhf;Ftij [p`hjpd; nghJ fl;lisapy; Nru;jjpUf;fpdwhd;. NkYk; ; ; ; ; my;yh`;(RG) miog;G gzpiaAk;> KOikahd ,];yhkpa tho;fiff;F jpUk;GtijAk; ekf;F fl;lis ; Mf;fpapUg;gjhy; gpuRuq;fs; tpdpNahfk; nra;tJ nghJ fl;lisapy; mlq;Fk;. MfNt njhOifiag; NghyNt [p`hijg; NghyNt ve;jtpj NtWghLk; ,y;yhky; gpuRuq;fis tpdpNahfk; nra;tJk; flikjhd;(gu;S)/ ,j;jifa flikia Gwf;fzpggJ vd;gJ njhOifapy; uf;fhmj;ij epiwNtw;whky; tpLtjw;F rkkhFk;. ; ,jpy; NtWghL ,y;iy. ,J xU gu;Ss; fp/g;ghah (Fardul Kiffayah) vd;gJ cz;ikjhd;. vdpDk; ,e;j flik (fp/g;ghah) ,d;Dk; epiwNtw;wg;glhky; ,Ug;gjhy;> gu;Ss; Id; (Fardul Inn) vd;w jdpegu; flikAk;> gu;Ss; fp/g;ghah vd;w xU rpyu; epiwNtw;Wk; flikAk; xd;WNghy MfptpLk;. ew;$ypAk;> jz;lidAk; ,t;tpuz;ilAk; Nru;ejjhFk;. MfNt xU \ghg; gpuRuq;fis tpdpNahfk; nra;tjpy; myl;rpak; fhl;bdhy; ; vt;thW gu;Ss; fp/g;ghah epiwNtw;wg;gLk;. gpuRuq;fs; tpdpNahfk; gw;wpa fl;lis `yf;fhtpd; fl;lisia Nghd;wJk;> kf;fs; njhlu;G kw;Wk; tpthjq;fs; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpa fl;lisia Nghd;wjhFk;. Vnddpy; ,it midj;Jk; Nru;ejJjhd; jhth vd;w miog;G gzp ,d;Dk; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; ,J jhth nra;tJ ; vd;Nw fUjg;gLk;. [p`hJk; gu;Ss; fp/g;ghahjhd;. ,J epiwNtw;wg;gltpyiynadpy> mJ epiwNtw;wg;gLk; ; ; tiu gu;Ss; Idhf MfptpLk;. my;yh`;(RG) jG+f; Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ gpdjq;fp tplltu;fis jz;bj;jjpd; ; ; %yk; [p`hJ tp\aj;jpy; myl;rpakhf nray;gLtjpd; ghtj;ij tpsf;fp tpllhd;. mtdJ fz;ldj;jpy; gpd; ; jq;fptplltu;fisg; gw;wp ,t;thW $Wfpdwhd;. ; ; kjpdhthrpfshdhYk; rup> my;yJ mtu;fis R+o;ejpUf;Fk; fpuhk thrpfshdhYk; rup> mtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; ; J}jiu gpupeJ gpdjq;FtJk;> my;yh`;tpd; J}jupd; capiutpl jq;fs; capiuNa ngupjhf fUJtJk; ; ; mtu;fSf;F jFjp cilajy;y. Vndd;why; my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; ,tu;fSf;F Vw;gLk; jhfk;> fisg;G> grp> fh/gpufis Mj;jpu%l;Lk;gbahd ,lj;jpy; fhy; itj;J mjdhy; giftdplkpUe;J Jd;gk; miljy; ; Mfpa ,it ahTk; ,tu;fSf;F ew;fUkq;fshfNt gjpT nra;ag;gLfpdwd. eprrakhf> my;yh`; ed;ik ; ; nra;Nthupd; $ypia tPzhf;f khl;lhd;. my;yh`;(RG) Aj;jj;jpy; gpdjq;fp tplltu;fs; gr;rhjhgg;gl;L mtu;fs; ,UjaNk nehWq;fptpll mtu;fspd; ; ; ; epiyia vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpdwd. ,e;j vLj;Jf;fhl;L myl;rpakhf nray;gl;lij ntl;l ntsprrkhf;fp ; ; tpllJ. my;y`;(RG) [p`hjpy; Vw;gLk; VOtifahd myl;rpa nray;fis tpupthf vLj;Jf; fhl;bapUf;fpwhd;. ; ,e;j epfo;rrp K];ypkfs; midtUf;Fk; xU fLk; Kaw;rpia Nkw;nfhz;bUg;gtu;fsplk; Vw;glk; myl;rpa ; ; nray;fs; kWikapd; ew;$ypapy; Vw;glf;$ba e\;lj;ij njspthf $Wtjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. my;yh`;(RG) [p`hJ Nkw;nfhs;shJ gpdjq;fptpll tp]thrpfis kpff; fLikahf fz;bf;fpwhd;. ,e;j fz;bg;G miog;G ; ; ; gzpahsu;fs; nra;Ak; nray;fis gpuRuq;fs; tpdpNahfk; `yf;fhtpy; fye;J nfhs;tJ> tpthjq;fspy; gq;Nfw;gJ Nghd;w nray;fSf;F nghUe;Jk;. MfNt K];ypkfs; jhfk;> fisg;G> grp Nghd;witfshy; ; Jauk; mile;jhYk;> epuhfupggtu;fSf;Fk; eatQ;rfu;fSf;Fk; Mj;jpu%l;Lk; ve;j nraiy nra;jhYk; my;yJ ; my;yh`;(RG)tpd; topapy; ve;j nryT nra;jhYk; my;yJ xU ,lj;jpypUe;J kw;nwhU ,lj;jpwF nrd;whYk; ; mij mtu;fspd; ew;nray;fspy; my;yh`;(RG) mtiu flikia epiwNtw;wpatuhfTk; jk; fOj;jpy; njhq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ghtj;jpypUe;J kPzltuhfTk; Mf;Fthd;. MfNt xU K];ypk; miog;G gzpahsu; my;yh`;(RG)tpd; ; ctg;igAk; khngUk; ew;$ypia nfhLf;ff;$ba ew;nray;fis miuFiwahf nra;tijAk;> gpdjq;fp ; tpLtijAk;> jk; fOj;jpYs;s ghtk; ,wf;fg;gl;lhy; NghJk; vd;W vz;ZtijAk; vt;thW nghWj;Jf; nfhs;thd;? MfNt miog;G gzpahsu;fs; jq;fs; clyhYk; cs;sj;jhYk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;l fLk; Kaw;rpapd; kjpgig ; tpl gpuRuq;fs; tpdpNahfk; nra;tJ> `yf;fhtpy; fye;J nfhs;tJ> tpthjq;fspy; gq;Nfw;gJ Nghd;w gzpfSf;F Fiwthd ciog;Ng Njitg;gLfpwJ vd;gij mtu;fs; czu;eJ nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. cz;ikapy; ; ,uz;L tp\q;fs; cs;sd. mtw;wpd; kjpgG kw;nwhd;W my;yh`;(RG) FwpggplLs;s ew;nray;fis nra;tjw;fhf ; ; ; nfhLf;Fk; ew;$yp> MfNt miuFiwahf gzp nra;tjpd; e\;lj;ij czu;eJ> ,];yhkpa mbg;gil ; Nfhl;ghl;bd; topfhl;lypy; cWjpahd Kiwapy; ,e;j Fiw rupnra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy> ,e;j gupfhuk; ; fl;rpapd; nray; tPuu;fspd; gz;Gfspy; tpUk;gj;jf;f tpisTfis nfhz;L tUk; ,];yhkpa ck;khtpwF ,e;j ; fl;rpapd; Nrit kpfg; ngupa mstpy; ,d;W Njitg;gLfpwJ vd;W ehk; cWjpahf ek;GfpNwhk;.

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