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Pengertian Kurikulum

Pengertian Kurikulum

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09/25/2013

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Pengertian Kurikulum PErkembangan kurikulum y y y Bergantung pada kepercayaan filosofis yang dianut Berkembang sejalan dengan perkembangan teori

dan praktek pendidikan Bervariasi sesuai dengan aliran atau teori pendidikan yang dianut

Interpretasi Kurikulum Peter F Olivia menemukan ada 13 definisi: 1. That which is taught in school; 2. A set of subjects; 3. Content; 4. A program of studies; 5. A set of materials; 6. A sequence of courses; 7. A set of performance objectives; 8. A course of study 9. Everything that goes on within the school, including extra class activities, guidance & interpersonal relationships; 10. That which is taught both inside and outside of school directed by the school 11. Everything that is planned by school personel 12. A series of experiences undergone by learners in school 13. That which an individual learner experiences as result of schooling

Oemar Hamalik menemukan 6 definisi: 1. Suatu program kegiatan yang terencana 2. Hasil belajar yang diharapkan 3. Reproduksi budaya (cultural reproduction) 4. Kumpulan tugas dan konsep 5. Agenda rekonstruksi sosial 6. Currere (arena pacu/lomba; menekankan pada proses pacuan/lomba di mana kapasitaas individu diberdayakan dalam merekonseptualisasi otobiografinya sendiri)

Good s Dictionary of education: a systematic group of courses or sequences of subject required for graduation or certification in major field of study. lebih menekankan pada pengalaman Contoh definis ahli Caret V. Daniel Tanner & Laurel N. certain pattern of learning and teaching. develop skill and alter attitudes. appreciations and values under the auspices of that school. Tanner: reconstruction of knowledge and experience systematically developed under the auspices of the school (or university).Definisi kurikulum dapat dibedakan dari luas sempitnya cakupan muatannya y Dalam arti sempit. social studies curriculum. to enable the learner to increase his or her control of knowledge and experience Albert L. Doll : the formal and informal content and process by which learners gain knowledge and understanding. The program of studies 2. physical educational curriculum Hollis L. Oliver menyamakan kurikulum dengan program pendidikan dan membaginya menjadi 4 elemen dasar : 1. The program of experiences . kumpulan mata pelajaran/bahan ajar yang harus disampaikan guru y Dalam arti luas. for example. selection and organization of content. Caswell & Doak S. a program of evaluation of the outcomes Ronal C. Campbell : all the experiences children have under the guidance of teachers Hilda Taba: a plan for learning yang meliputi elemen: statement of aims and specific objectives.

The hidden curriculum Pendekatan lain Kurikulum juga dapat didefinisikan dengan membedakannya sebagai tujuan. Developing the curriculum. Harpercollin publishers. teknik pembelajaran) contoh curriculum as a problem solving process. konteks dan strategi. metode. as group living Sumber: Olivia. New York . Peter F. contoh : kurikulum esensialis (essentialist curriculum). mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir reflektif pada siswa dll.3. kurikulum rekonstruksi sosial (reconstrucionist curriculum) y Strategies (strategi. y Purposes (tujuan. tujuan kurikulum adalah untuk mentransmisi warisan budaya. 1992. y Context (konteks/latar belakang). proses. The program of services 4. What it does atau should do?) contoh. kurikulum berpusat pada siswa (child centered curriculum).

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