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Brave Men and Women

Brave Men and Women

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Publicado porDharmsen Soni

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Published by: Dharmsen Soni on Jan 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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She is the goddess of music as well as of speech. To her is attributed the
invention of the systematic arrangement of the sounds into a musical scale.
She is represented seated on a peacock and playing a stringed instrument of
the guitar kind. Brahma, himself, we find depicted as a vigorous man with
four handsome heads, beating with his hands upon a small drum. Arid
Vishnu, in his incarnation as Krishna, is represented as a beautiful youth
playing upon a flute. The Hindoos still possess a peculiar kind of flute
which they consider as the favorite instrument of Krishna. Furthermore,
they have the divinity of Genesa, the god of wisdom, who is represented as
a man with the head of an elephant holding in his hands a tamboura, a kind
of lute with a long neck.

"Among the Chinese, we meet with a tradition according to which they
obtained their musical scale from a miraculous bird called Foung-hoang,
which appears to have been a sort of phoenix. As regards the invention of
musical instruments, the Chinese have various traditions. In one of these we
are told that the origin of some of their most popular instruments dates from
the period when China was under the 'dominion of the heavenly spirits
called Ki. Another assigns the invention of several of their stringed
instruments to the great Fohi, called the "Son of Heaven," who was, it is
said, the founder of the Chinese Empire, and who is stated to have lived
about B.C. 3000, which was long after the dominion of the Ki, or spirits.
Again, another tradition holds that the most important Chinese musical
instruments, and the systematic arrangement of the tones, are an invention
of Niuva, a supernatural female, who lived at the time of Fohi, and who
was a virgin-mother. When Confucius, the great Chinese philosopher,
happened to hear, on a certain occasion, some divine music, he became so
greatly enraptured that he could not take any food for three months. The
music which produced the miraculous effect was that of Kouei, the
Orpheus of the Chinese, whose performance on the king, a kind of
harmonicon constructed of slabs of sonorous stone, would draw wild
animals around him and make them subservient to his will.

"The Japanese have a beautiful tradition, according to which the
Sun-goddess, in resentment of the violence of an evil-disposed brother,
retired into a cave, leaving the universe in darkness and anarchy; when the

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