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Brave Men and Women

Brave Men and Women

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Publicado porDharmsen Soni

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Published by: Dharmsen Soni on Jan 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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that of iron ships that the former earn twenty-five per centum more than the
latter. So great a gain is this, that one-fourth the total tonnage of British
ship-building in 1883 consisted of steel vessels.

Sir William Siemens's name is popularly associated with electric light.
Perhaps it can not be claimed that he was the sole inventor of it, since
Faraday had discovered the principle, and at the meeting of the Royal
Society, in 1867, at which Siemens's paper was read, the same application
of the principle was announced in a paper which had been prepared by Sir
Charles Wheatstone, and a patent had been sought by Mr. Cromwell
Varley, whose application involved the same idea. But it is believed that Sir
William did more than any other man to make the discovery of wide and
great practical benefit. His dynamo machine is capable of transforming into
electrical energy ninety per cent of the mechanical energy employed. His
inventions for the application of electricity to industry are too numerous to
mention. He has made it a hewer of wood and a drawer of water and a
general farm-hand, and has shown how it can be applied to the raising and
ripening of fruits. He has shown us how gas can be made so that its
"by-products" shall pay for its production, and demonstrated that a pound
of gas yields, in burning, 22,000 units, being double that produced by the
combustion of a pound of common coal. He has put the world in the way of
making gas cheap and brilliant. His sudden death prevented the completion
of plans by which London will save three-fourths of its coal bill by getting
rid of its hideous fog. His suggestions will, undoubtedly, be carried out. He
was also the inventor of the "chronometric governor," an apparatus which
regulates the movements of the great transit instruments at Greenwich.

These are some of the practical benefits bestowed upon mankind by Sir
William Siemens. He did much, by stimulating men, to make science
practically useful, and has left suggestions which, if followed out with
energy and wisdom, will add greatly to the comfort of the world. He
calculated that "all the coal raised throughout the world would barely
suffice to produce the amount of power that runs to waste at Niagara
alone," and said that it would not be difficult to realize a large proportion of
this wasted power by-turbines, and to use it at greater distances by means
of dynamo-electrical machines. Myriads of future inhabitants of America

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