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DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY
PLANS RECOMMENDATIONS BUFFALD NEW YORK 1066

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GREATER BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT FOI TNIATION

MARCH

1966

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

JOHN CHARLES WILLIAM

CALVIN II

CHAIRMAN

MILLARD

JR

PRESIDENT

HARDER CHAIRMAN

DOWNTOWN

NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT

COMMITTEE

ROBERT MELVIN JACK

ADAM
BAKER CLARK CLARKSON DIEBOID DIEFENDORF

VOFFICIO CHARLES

MEMBERS
LIGHT

JOHN 11 TRAVERS

MAX
CHARLES CHARLES

MAI
ERIE ERIE

OR FRANK

SEDITA

CONN

EVECUTIIE

EDWARD
COMNNIISSIONER

RATH

COUNTY PLANNIMIG BARNES

WHITWORTH FERGUSON GEORGE GOODYEAR
JAECKLE

RALPH
BUFFALO

URBAN RENEWAL
MILLER

CONNUISSIONER

EDWIN
SEYMOUR

RICHARD REGIONAL PERR
ASSISTANT

KNOX NEWBURY

IE

ELOPMENT DIRECTOR

GEORGE LEE NORTON JAMES ONEIL

ROYS TREASURER ROBERT LANG MILLER

FORMER DOWNTOWN COORDINATOR PEARCE II BUSWELL ROBERTS

HOWARD
RALPH

PEO
PLATT

EDMUND
GEORGE DANIEL
IRA

RAND JR
ROBLIN

JR

ROSS

DEXTER

RUMSEY
ADVISORY COMMITTEE

FRED SCHOEIIKOPF IV SCHUTZ

NIA
ELMER
XRTHUR HESTLR

FRANK
STENGEL
ILTOR

SEDITA

EDWARD SEEBERG
PERRY SPINK

JR

FRANZ HARLAN

STONE
SWIFT

GORSKM XUGSPURGER

JOHN GRAHAMICIMPANYARCHITECTSPLANNERSENIIINEEI

LARRY SMITH COMPANY WILBUR SMITH RASSOCLATES

REAL ESTATE CONSULTANT

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEER

AT TAT AT AT TTAAAAAAAAATATAATTT ATTATTATTTAAAATTATATATATAT ATATTATA
AAAAATTAT
AA

AAAATAAATTAATAATTTTAAA AAAAAAAATTTAAAATTATATAATAAAAAATAATTAAT TAAAAAAAAT

TTTAT
ATTT

AAAAA AT TAT AAAAATATAATTTTTTTTAA AA TAT TAAAATTTAATATATAATAT AAAAAAAAAA
ATAAAATATA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

AAATTTAATTTTTTAAATATTTTTTAAATAATT

TAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TAT TAT TAT TT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TA TAT TATATATAAATTTTTAA ATAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAA TTATTTTTTTTTTAATT AAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAATAATTATATATAATTAAATTAAAAAATA AAAAAAAT AAAAATAAAAAAAAAA TATAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA A6AAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAA AAAAAAAAATA TAT AAAAAAAAAAATAAAATAAATAAA TAT AT TAT

ATAT

AT AT AT AAAAATTAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAATTAAATATATTTATTAATTTTTAA AT AAAAAAAATTAATTAAA TAAAAAAAAATTAATAATATAAAAA TTTTTTTTATATTAT AAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAA TA

TAT

AT AT TAT AT AT

AAAAAT AAAAA

AT
AT

AT TAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

AAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

AAAATAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAATATA AATAAATTTATATTTATTTTA AT AATAAAAAA ATTAAAAATATTATTATATATTTAATT TAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TTTATTTTTTTTTTTTT

AAAAAAAAATAAATAAT

ATA TAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAATAAATT TAT TAT

ATTAT AT TAT
AT

AAAAAAAATA

TT
TA

AAAAAAAAAA

TTTATAA

AAAA

TAT

TAAATTAATTAATAAAAAATAAT

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAATTATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA ATATTAATAAATAAA ATATTTATATATAAATAAAAAA TTATA AAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATTAAAAAAAAAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAATAAT AATAAAATAATA AAAAAAAAA AAAAAA AAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAATAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAATTAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAATAATAATAATAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAATTATAATATAAAAAAATAAAAAATAAA AAAAAAAAATAA AAAAAATAATAATATTA AAAAAAA AAATAAAAAAAAAAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAATAATAT AAAAAAAAA TAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAATAATTTAAATAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAATAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAATAAATATAA AAAAAAAAAATATATAT AAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAATATAAATAAAATAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAA AAATATAA AAATAAAAATA AT AT AA AT TAAAAA TAAAAAAAAAAAATATATAAAAAA AAATAAAAAATAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAATAAAAAATAAAT AAAAAAA AAAAAATAAAAA AAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAATAAAAAAATAATAAAAAAAATTA TAAATAATTAATTTTTTTTTAAAATTT AAAAAAAAAAATAAAAATAAAAATAATAAAATA TAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAATAAAATAAAAAAATA AAAATAAATAT TAAT AAAAAAAAAAAAT AAAAAAATAAATAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAATATAT AT AA AAAAAATAAATAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAT AA TAATAA AA TAT AT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAATAATATTT AATAAA AAAATTA AAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAATAATATAA AAATTTT AT TTATATATAAATA AAATAAATTATTTTATTAATTATA TAAATAAT TAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAATAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAATAATAAAAAATATAAATAATAAAAAAATAAAAATAAAATATATTATAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TATTATT ATAATATATATATAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAATAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAA AAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAA AAAAAAAAA ATATATT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAATATTATTTTTATTATTTAATAT ATATTTAAATT AAAAATAAATAT AAAATAATAAAATATAAAATAT AAATAAAAAATAAAATATATAAAAAATT TATAATTAATATATATATTAAATA AAAAATTA AAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA TAAATAAAAAA ATATA AAAAAAAATAAAAAAAATATAAA AATAATTA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAATAAAA AAAATAT AAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAATATTATATAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAATATATA ATATTTTATTATTATAAAATAATAAA AAAATTATTATATATTATT AAAAAATAAAAATATATAATA TATTA AATAATAA AQ AAAAAAAAA ATAAATATATATATTTAATTAA TAAAAA ATTATAATTATT TTTATTTATATATATTTTATAT AAAAATAAATATTTAAATATA AAT AAAAATATAATTTTTATTATATTAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAATAA AAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAA TATA AT TATATA TAAATAAT AAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA TAAATAAAATATATA AAAAATATATAAAAAAAATATAAA AAAATATATAAATA TTAATTAATTAATATTAAA AAAA AAAATATTAAT TAAAATA TAAAAAAAAAATATAAAAATATAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAT AATTAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAA TAAAA TAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAATATATATTAAAATATATATAATTAATATTTAATTTAATTTTATAATA AAAAAAAAA TATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATTAAATTAAAAAAAAAATATTTTTT AATAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAATATA AAAAATAAAAAAATATAAAAAAAAATTTTATTTATATATATAATA AATAAAATAAAAAAAAAAATAAATATAATAA AAATAAATAAATATAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAATTAAATAAATATAAAA ATAAAAAAA AAAAAATAAA AAAAAAATA TAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAATAAAAATAAATA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA ATAAATAATATAT ATATAAAAAAAAAAAATAATATTTTAA AAAAAATAAAAAATAAAATATATTATAAAA ATAAAAAATATATATAT TTATAATATAT ATATAAT AT TAT TAATATAAATAT AAAAAAAAAAAAATTAAAAAAAAAAAATAAA AATTAATATAA TAAAATAAAATAA

AT AT TAT

AT AT

AT

AT

TAT

AAAA TAT AAA AAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA TAT AAAAAAAAAAAT TAT TAT TAT AT TAT AT ATTAT AT TAT AT TAT
AAAAAATAAAAA

TAT TAT

AT TAT

TA AT

AAATAAAAA TAT AAAAAA

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AT

AA AA

AAAA AT

AT

TTAATA TAATATAAAAAT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAA AATTATATATAAAATATAAAATAAATTAAAATA AATTATAAT

AAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAT TAT TAT
ATAAAAAAATATAAAAATAATATA

AT ATATTAT ATTATA AAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TATATAATATA AT AT TAT TAT AAAAAAAAAAATT TAT ATTAAATATTATTATATTAT TAT AT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAATAAAAATAAA AT TTATATTTATTTTTTTTAAAA ATATAA TAATAATTAATA AAAAAAATAATAA ATAAAAAATAAATTATTAAAAAA AAAA AAAAAAAAAA AAAATATATTATT AAAAATAAAA ATA
AAAAAAAAATAATAT
AAATTTATAAATAT ATTTATTTTTTTATTATTAATTATTTATATTATATTTTTTATATTTTTT ATATATA

TAT

TAT TATTTTTATAA

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAATTAAAAATTATTTATATAAT

AAAAATATTAAATT

ATTTTAAT AAATATATATAAAAA TAAAATATATAATTTATAT TAATT AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAATATAAAAAAT AAAATTAATAT AAAAAAIA ATTTAATAATATTTAAAATATAATAAAT ATAAATAAAATATAAA AAATTTTATTTTATATAAA TAAATA TAATATAAAAAAAAATAAAATT ATTAATTAA ATAAAAAAATAA
AAAAAAAAAATAAAA

TATAAATTATA

ATATATTATATA

TATATTAAAATATA AAAAATATAAAAAAAAATAAATATA AAAAAAAAATTAAAATATATAATAATA TAAAAAAATA

AAAAATAATATAAAATATAAT TAATTTAAATATAATAATA TTA AAATATATAT ATT TAAATATATT TAAATATATAAATATT AAAAAAA TTTAAATATATA AAAAAAAAATAAAATAAAATATA AAAAAAAA TATTATA AAAATAATAA AATAATTTAAAAAAAAAAAAAATAAATTAAAAA AATAAAAAAAAAAAAA

AT

TTATATATAT ATATTTAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAATATAAAAAAATAT TTAAAT TATATAAATAAAAATATTTATATATATATATA TATATATA TAT AAATATATATT AAAAAAAAAAAAA AAATTAA TAT AAATAAAAT AAATAAAATAA TTAATATATAT AAAAAAAAAA AATAAAAAAAAA

AAAAATAATAATAT

TAAATATA

ATATA AAAAAATA

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY
PLANS
BUFFALO

RECOMMENDATIONS

NEW YORK

1966

TO THE TOWN RENEWAL STUDY CONTRIBUTORS

DOWN

ADAM MEIDRUM
BANK
OF BUFFALO

ANDERSON

CO INC

BERGER INC
BUFFALO

COURIEREXPRESS

INC

BUFFALO EVENING BUFFALO OPTICAL
BUFFALO

NEWS INC

COMPANY BANK SAVINGS

CLEMENT

COMPANY

COPY PRODUCTS INC
ERIE

COUNTY SAVINGS BANK GRANT COMPANY

CENESEE BUILDING

THE

WIN

HENGERER
KELLY

COMPANY

HENS AND
IROQUOIS JACOBI

GAS

CORPORATIOZI

BROS INC IHE KLEINHANS COMPANY
LIBERTY

NATIONAL BANK

TRUST

MANUFACTURERS AND TRDDERS TRUST MARINE TRUST NATIONAL

CO CO

CO

GYPSUM COMPANY NEW YORK TELEPHONE COMPANY NIAGARA MOHAWK POV CORPORATION
STATLER HILTOZI

HOTEL

VICTOR AND CONIPANV WESTERN SAVIMIGS BANK

SSSSSSSSSSSSS

TABLE

OF CONTENTS

TABLE

OF FIGURES
VIEW WITH PROJECT AND

DOWNTOWN RENEWAL STUDY

FRONTISPI
EXPRESSWAYS

OBJECTIVES

13 14 17 19 21

AERIAL

MAP WITH

STUDY AREA

11

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION OF TRAFFIC

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
SEPARATION OF PEDESTRIAN
LAR CIRCULATION

15 AND VEHICU 17

STUDY AREA LAND USE PLAN

BUFFALO AND

ITS

ENVIRONS

18

DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PROPOSED PROJECTS
PROJECT

LAND USE PLAN

20

NO
PLAN

DOWNTOWN NORTH
PROJECT

DIAGRANIATIC

LAND USE

21

RENEWAL
SITE

25 28 34 36 38 SUMMARY SUNIMAR
STREET AND MALL

SITE

PROPOSED PROJECTS PLAN SCHEMATIC PLANS

22 24 28 29 30
35

SCHEMATIC PLANS AND SECTIONS
STREET INIPROVENIENTS PUBLIC
FACILITIES

CIRCULATION

MARKET ANALYSIS
FINANCIAL PROJECT ANALYSIS

52 54

10 11 12 13
14

NORTHSOUTH SECTION EASTWEST
PUBLIC SECTION STREET IMPROVEMENTS
FACILITIES

37
PARK

PERSPECTIVE SION AT

OF JOHNSON

EXTEN 43 45 47

NO NO

MAIN

ST MICHAELS

CHURCH

56
PROJECT

REMAINDER

OF STUD3

AREA
57

15 16

CIRCULATION

ESTIMATED 1975

DAILY TRAFFIC VOLUMES

PROGRAM FOR REALIZATION
TIMING TIMETABLE OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS

UMES

60
61 61

II

II

MAP

OF VILLAGE

ITIIF

AND 1804

MAP

OF

NEW

ANISTERDANI

BY JOSEPH ELLICOTT

SURVEYOR

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

WILL

THE

ERIE

PROVIDE

TWENTYFIVE SAVINGS

STORY TOWER FOR

BANK

NEW

KOBACHERS DEPARTMENT STORE AN ENCLOSED SHOPPING MALL AND AN UNDERGROUND PARK
ING GARAGE

NORTH OF HURON STREET THE OLD FLINT AND KENT STORE IS BEING REMODELED TO PROVIDE HAS THE BASIC REQUIRE MENTS FOR HEALTHY PROSPEROUS AND GROW DOWNTOWN AREA ING LARGE AND GROWING METROPOLITAN POPULATION WAYS WHICH UNDER CONSTRUCTION
WILL

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO

EXPANSION SPACE FOR TENANTS THE BUFFALO
ING

GRANT AND OTHER SAVINGS BANK
IS

BUILD
OF

MAJOR ADDITION
STREET OBSOLESCENCE
FACILITIES

ON THE EAST SIDE

SYSTEM OF HIGH
OR IN

MAIN
TOWN

PLANNING
ACCESSIBLE

THE

OF MOST OF THE

DOWN
OR

MAKE DOWNTOWN AS

RETAIL

REMAINS

MAJOR PROB

AS ANY SUBURBAN CENTER AND FLUENCE OF ACTIVITY

HISTORIC

CON

LEM TO BUSINESSES
TO
IS

WHOWISH
IT

TO REMAIN IN

GOVERNMENT BUSINESS

ENTER THE

DOWNTOWNCORE MAIN PLACE
STRENGTHENS

AND THE PROFESSIONS
RETAIL DESPITE THESE ASSETS THE DOWNTOWN

AN IMPETUS

AND

RENEWS

THE AREA SOUTH OF COURT STREET WHICH ALSO CONTAINS THE LARGEST

ACTIVITIES

TAKEN AS

WHOLE

ARE LOSING BUSI

DOWNTOWNDEPARTMENT

NESS TO THE SUBURBAN SHOPPING CENTERS

THE

MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION FACING BUFFALO TODAY IS WHETHER THIS
TREND
IS

DOWNTOWN DOWNWARD
IT

STORE THE NEW MANUFACTURERS AND TRADERS TRUST COMPANY BANK TOWER AND OTHER
STRONG STORES AND OFFICE ALSO BENEFIT
IT WILL BUILDINGS FROM THE NEW ERIE COUNTY HALL

TO CONTINUE OR WHETHER

WILL

BE

REVERSED

SOON TO BE COMPLETED AND
THE ARTHUR
LITTLE

NEW TWENTY

AS

STATED IN

REPORT
ANY
IN

STORY ERIE

COUNTY

OFFICE

BUILDING THE CITY

NOW IN

BUFFALO

DOWNTOWN STUDY
AND

BARRING

THE PLANNING STAGE

MOST OF

COUN
CON

DRAMATIC

PRONOUNCED CHANGE

CUR

TY AND STATE GOVERNMENT
TRIBUTE

OFFICES

WILL

RENT TRENDS OR IN THE EXISTING THE FORSEEABLE OPPORTUNITIES

ENVIRONMENT

TO THE SUCCESS OF THIS

AREA
REPORT

FUTURE HOLDS AT BEST LIMITED FOR ARRESTING THE PRESENT

INDEED

THE AUTHORS OF THE LITTLE

WERE MOVED TO WRITE
ING FUNCTION
IS

THE PRIME RETAIL INTO

DOWNWARDTREND

CONTRACTING AREA ALONG

SMALL
STREET

UPPER MAIN
IS

STREET ABOUT

HURON

STREET

CLEARLY DEFINED

MAIN

BE

BEING DOWNGRADED BY THE INFLUX
ESTABLISHMENTS

OF

MAR
OF

TWEEN LAFAYETTE

SQUARE AND EAGLE STREEL PRIME
RETAILING

GINAL

AND THE EXISTENCE

HOWEVER

THE

FUNCTION

VACANT STORES SUCH AS THE OLD FLINT AND KENT STORE FORMERLY DAYTIME CROWDS AT MOTION PICTURE THEATRES MADE THIS MORE
DESIRABLE

SHOULD NOT BE PERMITTED
AREA BETWEEN LAFAYETTE STREET BECAUSE

TO CONTRACT INTO THE

SQUARE AND EAGLE

LOCATION DROPS

TODAY
OFF

HOWEVER PEDES
STRONG EXISTING
OUTSIDE THE BUSINESSES
WILL

TRIAN TRAFFIC

ABOVE CHIP STREET ON THE WEST SIDE AND ABOVE PEWA COURT STREET ON THE EAST SIDE
SHARPLY SINCE THE
LITTLE

BE

LEFT

PRIME

AREA

INCLUDING

HENGERERS NEISNERS
LEY BERGERS VICTORS
BUFFALO DOWNTOWN STUDS ARTHUR CEMBER 1960 P17 IBID

HENS AND KEL LANE BRYANT
LITTLE

REPORT WAS COMPLETED

IMPORTANT NEW DEVELOPMENTS HAVE OC CURRED THE MAIN PLACE REDEVELOPMENT
PROJECT ON THE WEST SIDE OF

INC

DE

MAIN

STREET

BE
IT

TWEEN CHURCH STREET AND COURT STREET
SELF

RECOMMENDATION

OF THE LITTLE

REPORT

IBID

P58

FRANKLIN

SIMON
OF THE

GRANT

THE

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

MAIN

OFFICE

BUFFALO SAVINGS

BANK
THE

AND

BRANCH OF THE

MANUFAC

TURERS AND TRADERS TRUST ENTIRE

COMPANY
TO OF OF
IN

DOWNTOWN CORE MUST EX

PAND RATHER THAN CONTRACT IF IT IS PRESERVE ITS TRADITIONAL DOMINANCE
THE METROPOLITAN
CITIES

MARKET THE

LIST

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
PROJECT
THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
IS

IS GROWING LONGER EVERY YEAR WHICH SHOPPING CENTERS OR GROUPS OF

SUCH CENTERS
IETY

NOW OFFER

GREATER

VAR
THAN

PROJECT

OF CHOICE TRADITIONAL

AND OF SELECTION

DESIGNED TO CONTINUE
TO

THE RENEWAL OF THE
FULFILL

THE

DOWNTOWN IN

BUF

DOWNTOWN CORE AND
NEEDS DESCRIBED

THE SPECIFIC

FALO ANNOUNCED
IN WILL

EXPANSIONS TO AND

ABOVE

IT

WILL

THE

VICINITY THE TO

OF THRUWAY PLAZA
GROSS FLOOR AREA IN

INCREASE

STRENGTHEN THE
SIDES OF

RETAIL

STORES

ON BOTH
COURT

THAT LOCATION
FEET

13

MILLION

SQUARE

MAIN

STREET BETWEEN

IN

ANDISE

DEPARTMENTSTORETYPEMERCH FOR COMPARISON

DSTM
SELLING

AND HURON STREETS BY ACTING AS HAL ANCE TO THE PRESENT CONCENTRATION OF
STORES AND
OFFICE

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO NOW HAS ABOUT

BUILDINGS

SOUTH OF

25

MILLION

SQUARE FEET GROSS AREA

IN

COURT STREET
PEDESTRIANS TO

AND

BY ENCOURAGING
SOUTH

DSTM

MUCH OF
IT IS

IT

OBSOLESCENT THAT

MOVE NORTH AND
RETAIL SALES

AND INEFFICIENT

APPARENT

ALONG BOTH SIDES OF MAIN STREET
INCREASE ENTIRE THE
TOTAL

FURTHER CONTRACTION LED WITH
VICINITY

DOWNTOWN COUP

IN

THE

CONTINUED EXPANSION IN THE
OF

DOWNTOWN AREA BY
TO THE

ATTRACTING

DISPLACE
HISTORIC

THRUWAY PLAZA WILL SOON THE DOWNTOWN CORE FROM ITS
OF

MORE SHOPPERS

FREQUENT

DOWN

TOWN WHEN
PROJECT
IS

DOWNTOWN NORTH
MAJOR
RETAIL

POSITION

DOMINANCE
OFFICE

FULLY

DEVELOPED AND TENANT

THE

PRESTIGE

SHOPS

BUILDINGS

ED

IT

WILL

PROVIDE THE

ON HOTELS AND GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS NORTH OF NIAGARA DELAWARE AVENUE
SQUARE SHOULD COMPLEMENT THE PRIME
RETAIL

MAGNET NECESSARY TO INCREASE

SALES

OF

DSTM

IN

THE

ENTIRE

DOWNTOWN AREA
OR BY

FUNCTION
TIED

ON MAIN

STREET

THEY

78

BY OVER

76

MILLION

ALMOST
THE

THE MARKET IMPACT WHICH

STRONG ACTIVE PEDESTRIANGENERATING LINK THE
ENTIRE

SHOULD BE

TOGETHER BY

MUST HAVE TO GENERATE THESE NEW SALES WILL BE APPRECIATED BY RE
PROJECT

DOWNTOWNCORE MUST
SINGLE
ENTITY
IF IT IS

FUNCTION THE

MEMBERING

THAT THE PRESENT TREND OF IN

AS

TO BE OF

DSTM
IS

SALES

DOWNTOWNBUFFALO

CENTRAL BUSINESS 10 METROPOLITAN AREA
ITS

DISTRICT
IF IT IS

GREAT

DECLINE

FROM

1382

MILLION

TO

TO MAXIMIZE

1273
THIS
FECT

DRAWING POWER COMPETITION WITH SUBURBAN CENTERS AND IF IT IS TO REMAIN
HEALTHY

IN

OR MILLION APPROXIMATELY FROM 1954 TO 1963
SALES

INCREASE

WILL

HAVE THE EF

AND

PROSPEROUS
TO
IT

IT

OF INCREASING DISTRICTS

THE BUFFALO CENTRAL SHARE OF

WOULD BE DETRIMENTAL

THE

ENTIRE

BUSINESS POLITAN

METRO
TO

DOWNTOWNCORE
INTO

TO ALLOW TO DEVELOP DISCONNECTED FRAGMENTS SEPARAT ED BY DECAY AND BLIGHT
IT

30

DSTM
AND
WILL

SALES

FROM
THE

205

INSURE

CONTINUED

DOMINANCE

OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA

II

endstreamendobj

IL

BY THE BUFFALO CENTRAL BUSINESS DIST
RICT LESS

FOR THE FORSEEABLE OF THE FUTURE

FUTURE REGARD

EXPANSION OF THE SUBURBAN CENTERS BECAUSE OF THE AN
TICIPATED

CONTINUED

GROWTH OF

THE

METROPOLITAN TRADE AREA THE DEVELOP

MENT OF

THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH

PROJECT

DOES NOT PRECLUDE CONTINUED EXPAN SION OF THE SUBURBAN CENTERS BUT IT DOES DEMAND THE LARGER SHARE OF THE METROPOLITAN INCREASE FOR TOWN BUFFALO
TOTAL

DOWN

BRING TOGETHER
THE PRESENT

AS ONE BUSINESS OF

AREA
OFFICE

CONCENTRATION

BUILDINGS

PRESTIGE

SHOPS HOTELS AND ON DELAWARE
RETAIL

GOVERNMENT

BUILDINGS THE

AVENUE WITH
TION

PRIME
OF

FUNC

ON MAIN

STREET

THE
THE FRONTS

ENCLOSED

AIRCONDITIONED TOWN NORTH DELAWARE PROVIDING

MALL

DOWN
ON BOTH
STREET

PROJECT

AVENUE AND MAIN
AN ATTRACTIVE

BUSY URBAN

SPACE THAT LINKS THESE TWO IMPORTANT
CONCENTRATIONS OF ACTIVITY

PROVIDE AN ATTRACTIVE ENTRANCE TO THE

DOWNTOWNCORE FROM EXPRESSWAY THE
SON PARK
TO

THE KENSINGTON OF

EXTENSION STREET AS

JOHN
BROAD

OAK
THE

OPEN
LEADING

AND

WELLLIGHTED

BOULEVARD

FROM

KENSINGTON
TRAFFIC

EX
DI

PRESSWAY AND
RECTLY INTO

DISTRIBUTING

OR THROUGH THE DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT INTO THE BALANCE OF THE

CBD

WILL

PROVIDE AN ATTRACTIVE

SAFE

ENTRANCE TO THE SHOPPING AREA

12

RENEW THE

PRESENTLYBLIGHTED OF

BLOCKS

CHIPPEWA STREET FROM DELAWARE AVENUE TO GENESEE
AND

ON BOTH SIDES

OAK

STREETS

PROVIDE
THE CITY

ADDITIONAL

TAX

REVENUES TO
JOBS FOR

AND ADDITIONAL

MANY

OF THE CITYS

UNEMPLOYED

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

AS

THE

CITY

ROLE HASBEEN
LITIES

ALTERED
BUILT

HAS GROWN THE DOMINANT MAJOR CULTURAL FACI BEYOND THE CITYS CORE WHICH FOLLOWED
LIVING

HAVE BEEN

THE

SUBURBANIZATION
II

WORLD WAR ONE

DRASTICALLY

ALTERED

WORKING AND SHOPPING PATTERNS
FACET OF

DOWNTOWN BUFFALOS DOMI
LEAST

OBJECTIVES

NANCE WHICH HAS BEEN THE
EXTERNAL SHIFTS TRATIONS
IS ITS

AFFECTED BY

OFFICE

BUILDING

CONCEN
THE

FOR DOWNTOWN BUFFALO TO REMAIN ECONOMIC CENTER
FOR THE OFFICE

REGION

IT

MUST BAL

THE
BUFFALO

GOAL OF THIS

STUDY

IS

TO PRESERVE AND OF

ANCE THE STRONG THIS

SPACE CONCENTRATION
TRADE

REINFORCE

THE DOMINANT
IN

ROLE

DOWNTOWN
REGION
CENTER

WITH AN EQUALLY STRONG RETAIL STUDY
THIS

COMPLEX
TO

THE

NIAGARA

FRONTIER

PROVIDES

RECOMMENDATIONS WITH
THIS

HISTORICALLY THE

BUFFALO HAS BEEN DOWNTOWN
CULTURAL

ACHIEVE

GOAL

ACHIEVEMENT DOMINANT

ECONOMIC

AND SOCIAL

COMES

GREATER

CERTAINTY

OF

FOR THIS DYNAMIC

REGION

DOWNTOWN CORE

13

BUFFALO

FROM LAKE

ERIE

1836

AQUATINT

BY

BENNETT

AFTER

HILL

COURTESY

OF

THE

OLD

PRINT

SHOP NEW YORK NEW YORK

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966
DIE

OTHER

TRAFFIC

REQI
THE
LATER IN

CHANGES AND IMPROVEMENTS TO IMPLEMENT THE PLAN AND TO HAN
TRAFFIC

INCREASED

GENERATED BY THE
ARE DESCRIBED

DOWNTOWNNORTH
THIS

PROJECT

REPORT
OF

NOTE THAT THE CLOSING
TRAFFIC

MAIN
IS

STREET TO

SOUTH OF HURON STREET
FOR THE
IS

NOT

RE

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
PRIME
TRATED ON CENTRATION OF
RETAIL ACTIVITY

QUIRED

DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT
LOGICAL

BUT RATHER HAS BEEN CONCEN
TO EXTEND

AUD ATTRACTIVE
OF THE

WAY

THE

AMENITY

DOWNTOWN

MAIN

STREET

THE

STRONGEST
IS

CON

NORTH PROJECT AND MAIN PLACE TO THE EXIST
ING STORES ON
IT
IS

OF RETAIL

ACTIVITY

THE EAST SIDE

MAIN

STREET

MAIN

STREET BETWEEN

LAFAYETTE

EAGLE STREET AND SQUARE THIS BLOCK INCLUDES THE
THE

LARGEST DEPARTMENT STORE IN CORE

DOWNTOWN

OF THIS STUDY NORTH PROJECT IS THAT WHEN THE DOWNTOWN UNDER DEVELOPMENT AN ADDITIONAL STUDY BE

RECOMMENDATION

ADAM MELDRUM AND
THIS

ANDERSON

MADE
THIS

FOR

THE

CONNECTION
PROJECT

BETWEEN

THE

PLUS KLEINHANS

AND WOOLWORTHS BLOCK ON THE WEST SIDE OF
PROJECT
IS

DOWNTOWN NORTH
STUDY
IN

AND MAIN
THE

PLACE
VARIOUS

OPPOSITE

SHOULD CONSIDER

MAIN

THE

NEW MAIN PLACE AND
WILL

UNDER

CONSTRUCTION

INCLUDE

NEW BUILD

ING FOR KOBACKERS DEPARTMENT STORE AN ENCLOSED AIRCONDITIONED SHOPPING MALL

WAYS CAN BE PROVIDED TO SHOPPERS IN THE MAIN STREET MALL AND THE BEST WAY IN WHICH THIS
PROTECTION TO THE

WHICH PROTECTION

FROM THE ELEMENTS

AND THE MALL
EXISTING

ITSELF

CAN BE RELATED
FRONTING

AND MAIN

25STORY

OFFICE

TOWER FOR ERIE

COUNTY

SPECIFIC

BUILDINGS

SAVINGS

BANK

SOUTH OF EAGLE AND EAST OF
THE

ON MAIN

STREET

STREET

NEW MANUFACTURERS AND
OFFICE

TRADERS TRUST
BUILDING
IS

COMPANY 20STORY UNDER CONSTRUCTION 1968
WILL

THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRONG PROJECTS AT BOTH ENDS OF MAIN STREET AND THE REMOVAL
OF VEHICULAR
TRAFFIC

FROM MAIN STREET AFFORD OPPORTUNITY FOR THE

THE CHURCH
BE
BUILT

STREET ARTERIAL EXPECTED TO

AN EXTRAORDINARY
CHANTS

MER

BY

FORM

NATURAL

BOUN

AND

DARY FOR THE PRIME

RETAIL

AREA ON THE SOUTH
CONCENTRATION

STREET TO REHABILITATE

PROPERTY OWNERS ALONG MAIN THEIR PROPERTIES AND

THE MAIN
IN

OFFICEBUILDING
IS

IMPROVE

THE

COMMON

THE

DOWNTOWNCORE HOWEVER

AND LAFAYETTE BUILDINGS

ALONG COURT STREET SQUARE WITH SIX IMPORTANT
THE

MODERN AND ATTRACTIVE
ADDITIONAL
FUL

SPACE TO CREATE SHOPPING AREA THIS
THE

STUDY SHOULD RECEIVE
OF ALL

CARE

MARINE
THE

MIDLAND
EILICOTT

ATTENTION

CONCERNED AND SHOULD MERCHANDISING
OF THIS

BANK
VAN

OF WESTERN

NEW YORK
AND
THE

COMMAND THE
AND DESIGN
TIONAL

BEST POSSIBLE

SQUARE OFFICE
OFFICE

BUILDING BUILDING
ARE

THE GENERAL

DONO

TALENT

THE

AREA

ADDI

MEMORIAL SOUTH OF

AUDITORIUM 14

ON MAIN

STREET

STUDY SHOULD INCLUDE MAIN STREET AS FAR SOUTH AS CHURCH STREET THE PRESENT
STUDY AREAS STOPS AT COURT STREET PROJECT BEGINS AT

CHURCHSTREET
NORTH OF COURT STREET CONTINUE
FAIRLY RETAIL ACTIVITIES

THE DOWNTOWN NORTH
GRANTS AND
THE

STRONG TO THE

GRANT

BUFFALO

SAVINGS

COMPANY ON THE WEST SIDE OF
BUT ON THE EAST SIDE
TRIAN
TRAFFIC

MAIN
OF

STREET

THE VOLUME

PEDES

BANK AND REPLACES THE DETERIORATED PROP MODERN ERTY TO THE NORTH THEREOF WITH
AND THE ENCLOSED COMPLEX SHOPPING WEATHERCONTROLLED MALL CONNECTS MAIN
STREET TO

DECREASES

MARKEDLY NORTH OF
STORE

HENGERERS COURT AND
4G ML IC

DEPARTMENT

BETWEEN

MOHAWK STREETS

DELAWARE

AVENUE BETWEEN

THE

II

IT

190

GENESE

AD
STAT

RF

TYHA

4AGARA

GSBAI

UT
ST

BNK

TO

PR
CO

LIZ

AN

CT
CES
KI

SQUA

II
RRAD
RIMS
ST

BOU

MRIN

A7

NEW FEDERAL PARK THE

OFFICE

BUILDING

AND JOHNSON

TO

PROVIDE AND TO

SIMILAR

AMENITY

FOR

SHOP
OF

PERS DESTINED OF

FOR THE EXISTING
FACILITATE

SHOPS SOUTH OF

EXTENSION

JOHNSON

PARK

AS

HURON

THE

MOVEMENT
OF EXISTING

BROAD LANDSCAPED BOULEVARD CONNECTS THE KENSINGTON EXPRESSWAY AT

PEDESTRIANS

ON MAIN

STREET BETWEEN

MAIN OF

OAK STREET
REPLACES

WITH
THE

PLACE AND THE CONCENTRATION
FICE

THE PROPOSED

KENMORE EXPRESSWAY AND
IT

BUILDINGS

AND DEPARTMENT STORES SOUTH AND BETWEEN THE

WEST PEWA
THE EM

SIDE

EXPRESSWAY

CHIP

OF COURT STREET

DOWN
STORES
TRAFFIC

STREET AND

SERVES THE

NORTHERN PART

OF THE CORE AREA IN

MUCH THE
ARTERIAL

CHURCH STREET
PART
CRITICAL

SAME WAY THAT SERVES THE SOUTH

TOWN NORTH PROJECT AND THE EXISTING NORTH OF COURT STREET ALL VEHICULAR SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM MAIN TWEEN JOHNSON PARK AND

STREET

BE

CHURCH

STREET

PROBLEM IN BUFFALO THIS

IS

THE

CON

AND THE EXISTING AN ATTRACTIVE PING MALL

RIGHTOFWAY

DEVELOPED AS

FLICT

OF THE PEDESTRIAN STREET

AND VEHICULAR
CONFLICT
IS

TRAFFIC

EXCLUSIVELYPEDESTRIAN

SHOP

ON MAIN

COMMON EX

TO OUR OLDER CITIES

BUT HAS BEEN RESOLVED IN
CENTERS BY THE

THE SUBURBAN SHOPPING CLUSIVELYPEDESTRIAN
LAR TRAFFIC
IS

MAJOR STORES ON MAIN STREET GO THROUGH THE BLOCK TO EITHER PEARL OR WASH
INGTON STREETS AND WILL
TRAFFIC
STILL

THE

SHOPPING MALL VEHICU
TO THE

HAVE VISUAL
THEIR

EX

PERIPHERAL

SHOPPING
PEDESTRIAN

POSURE TO
FRONTS

BY IMPROVING
STREETS

STORE

MALL

COMPLEX
IS

VEHICULAR

AND

ON

THESE

THE

FEW SMALL

CONFLICT MAXIMIZES

THE DANGER OF ACCIDENTS

SHOPS WHICH DO NOT GO THROUGH THE BLOCK DEPEND PRIMARILY GENERATED BY
PROFIT IN

AND

INCONVENIENT VEHICULAR

AND

UNATTRACTIVE TO

TO THE

ON

THE PEDESTRIAN
STORES

TRAFFIC WILL

SHOPPERS

IMPEDIMENT

THE

LARGER

AND

FLOW OF SHOPPERS MAKES IT DIFFICULT TO MER CHANDISE TO PEOPLE ACROSS THE STREET RE DUCES
CAUSES
SELLING

FROM THE INCREASED

PEDESTRIAN

TRAFFIC

THE

MAIN

STREET

MALL

DEAD

OPPORTUNITIES AND FREQUENTLY SIDE TO WHAT SHOULD BE

MOST
WILL

OF THE TRAFFIC

NOW ON MAIN

STREET

BE ROUTED TO PEARL FORM

AND WASHINGTON

16

PROSPEROUS BUSINESS ENTITY THERE WILL BE NO SUCH CONFLICT OR IMPEDI MENT TO SHOPPERS IN THE DOWNTOWN NORTH
VITAL PROJECT

STREETS WHICH WILL

ONEWAY COUPLE AROUND THE STORESMALL COMPLEX THE DIREC
TION OF TRAFFIC

ON WASHINGTON
THE

STREET WILL TO DRIVE
WILL

BECAUSE

THE

EASTWEST

TRAFFIC

OF

BE REVERSED

TO PERMIT

TRAFFIC

CHIPPEWA
SOUTH
WILL

STREET WILL

BE MOVED NORTH TO

AROUND MAIN

PEARL

AND WASHINGTON STREETS

THE EXTENSION
TRAFFIC

OF JOHNSON PARK AND NORTH ON PEARL AND FRANKLIN STREETS BE DEPRESSED BELOW THE PEDESTRIAN MALL

SERVE SHOPPER TRAFFIC

MORE EFFICIENTLY
WILL

THAN

STREET BECAUSE THEY

PROVIDE

AC

CESS TO THE PARKING FACILITIES

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

OF SEPARATION OF PEDESTRIAN AND VEHICULAR TRAFFIC
PRINCIPLE
THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
OBSERVES DESTRIAN THE PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION TRAFFIC PROJECT OF

PE
IS

AND VEHICULAR

TRAFFIC

SEPARATED IN TWO TYPES OF TRAFFIC

WAYS BY

LOCATING

THE TWO

ON

DIFFERENT VERTICAL PLANES THE TWO TYPES OF TRAFFIC

AND BY SEPARATING
HORIZONTALLY

FRANKLIN
CROSS SECIMOD
AL

PEARL

MAIN

WASHINGTON

SHOPPING CONCOURS

VERTICAL SEPARATION OF PEDESTRIAN
RESULT

VERTICAL

SEPARATION
IS

AND VEHICULAR

TRAFFIC

THE

OF BRIDGING THE SHOPPING CONCOURSE OVER FRANKLIN AND PEARL STREETS THE ROAD
STREETS HAS BEEN DEPRESSED BE NEATH THE SHOPPING CONCOURSEOF THE DOWN TOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT

BED OF THESE

HORIZONTAL SEPARATION
RATION TO
IS

NIAGARA

SO
AN

FRANKLIN
COURT STREOT

PEARL

MAIN

WASHINGTON

HORIZONTAL SEPA

CM

SECTION

ESTABLISHED TRAFFIC

BY CLOSING MAIN STREET

LGND

PEDESTRAIN

660

VEHICULAR

CORIBINATION

FIGORE

VEHICULAR

THE

DIAGRAMMATIC SHOWS
FOR ARE

CROSS SECTION

MADE

AT COURT STREET RESERVED
STREETS

MAIN

STREET RIGHTOFWAY

PE
IN
17

DESTRIANS

AND THAT PARALLEL

TENDED PRIMARILY
PRINCIPLE STREET TO

FOR VEHICULAR

TRAFFIC

THIS

MAY

BE EXTENDED SOUTH OF HURON
IN OF
LATER

CHURCH STREET
PEDESTRIAN

PROJECT
STREET

BY CONVERTING
TO EXCLUSIVELY
LAR

THAT PORTION

MAIN

USE TO GIVE

SIMI

BENEFITS

TO THE

EXISTING

STORES FRONTING

THEREON

LP

KTI
4JLLQ
RTI
III

JR

BUFFALO AND EN VI

RON
NORI4

FIGURE

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

STUDY AREA

THE BOUNDARIES

OF THE

DOWNTOWNRE

NEWAL STUDY BEGINNING AT NIAGARA SQUARE AND GOING COUNTERCLOCKWISE ARE COURT
STREET STREET

BROADWAY OAK STREET GOODELL EDWARD STREET SOUTH ELMWOOD
AREA

AVENUE
THIS

AND NIAGARA STREET HAS BEEN STUDIED CONDITION
POTENTIAL

IN

TENNS OF

LAND USE BUILDING AND DEVELOPMENT
THESE STUDIES SULTANTS IN PORTIONS DATIONS

CIRCULATION

BASED
OF THE

UPON

AND THE EXPERIENCE
THE

CON

RENEWAL OF THE DOWNTOWN
SPECIFIC

OF OTHER CITIES

RECOMMEN

HAVE BEEN MADE FOR AN ACTION PRO

GRAIN THESE RECOMMENDATIONS
INCLUDE

PRO

POSED LAND USE PLAN AND PLAN CONSISTING OF
PROJECTS POTENTIAL
ABILITY

DEVELOPMENT
OF THE STUDY OF THE

THE DEVELOPMENT
MUNITY TO ATTRACT
IN

AREA DEPENDS UPON THE

COM

LARGER SHARE OF THE TRADE

THE METROPOLITAN REGION
IS

BE DOWNTOWN
MOST LOGICAL

CAUSE THE STUDY AREA
PLACE TO LOCATE THIS

THE

TRADE EXPANSION

WITH
LESS

OUT AN INCREASE OF TRADE MUCH OF THE STUDY AREA WOULD HAVE TO BE DOWNGRADED TO
INTENSIVE

19

USES

THEREFORE BOTH THE LAND USE PLAN AND THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN MUST BE CONTINGENT ON THE SUCCESS OF THE
THE
FIRST

STAGE PROJECT PROJECT
LATER IN

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
IS

WHICH
THIS

DESCRIBED

IN GREATER DETAIL

REPORT

II

TH

REARER

ALEFALO

DEAR OPAARNRROURAOATION

URPAL

NRA

01

SR

ORPANR

LAND USE
RETAIL

PREDOMINATE
RESIDENTIAL

TRADE

SERVICES

WHOLESALING

FIGURE

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

THRU TRAFFIC INGTON THE

IS

REROUTED

TO PEARL AND

WASH
STREET THE
IS

STREETS

TO

THE WEST OF PEARL

WASHINGTON STREET NORTH OF ST MICHAELS CHURCH THERE
OPPORTUNITY TO DEVELOP

EASL OF

AND

AN

NEW HOUSING WHICH

WOULD ENJOY

TO THE BUSINESS

CONVENIENT WALKING DISTANCES CENTER ON THE EAST SIDE OF

LAND USE PLAN
PRIMARY NANT USE ON BOTH
RETAIL ACTIVITIES

ELLICOTT

STREET BETWEEN JOHNSON PARK AND

THE ARE THE

EXPRESSWAYS
ACTIVITIES

WHOLESALING AND SHOULD BE

WARE

PREDOMI

HOUSING

ENCOURAGED

AT THE FIRST SIDES

FLOOR LEVEL STREET

OF THE BLOCKS

AND THE LAND

PRESENTLY OCCUPIED BY DETERI

OF

MAIN

THE

DOWN
BE

ORATED HOUSING SHOULD BE REDEVELOPED FOR

TOWN NORTH PROJECT TWEEN HURON TENDED MINAL
STREET

WILL

ESTABLISH

LAND

AN EXPANSION
NATIVE THE REMOVAL OF THE EAST SIDE THE

OF WAREHOUSING IN THIS

AN

ALTER

AND JOHNSON PARK

EX

CONSIDERATION
ALL

BLOCK WOULD BE
ACTIVITY

AND FROM WASHINGTON
STREET

TO THE WEST

COMMERCIAL

TO

SIDE OF FRANKLIN OF THE

AS THE NORTHERN TER
RETAIL

OF THE

ELMOAK
THAT WHICH STREET

PRIMARY

AREA

TO

THE

AND

REDEVELOPMENT OF
TO

THIS

EXPRESSWAY BLOCK FOR
WILL

WEST OF THE PRIMARY

RETAIL

AREA SERVICES PRE
INSTITU

HOUSING SIMILAR

BE ON

DOMINATE
HOTELS TIONS

INCLUDING

GOVERNMENTAL SERVICES SEMIPUBLIC

THE VEST SIDE OF ELLICOTT

OFFICE BUILDINGS

AND PARKING THESE SERVICE ACTIVITIES EXTEND NORTH TO THE STUDY AREA BOUNDARY AT

EDWARDS STREET ON BOTH AVENUE
BLOCKS

SIDES

OF DELAWARE OF THE
IS

AN

IMPORTANT

FUNCTION
RETAIL

ADJOINING

THE PRIMARY

AREA

THE PROVISION

OF PARKING FOR SHOPPERS BUSI

NESS PEOPLE AND EMPLOYEES

EAST GENESEE
SERVICE ING
IN

OF

WASHINGTON AND

STREET
IS

BETWEEN
ALSO

STREET

BROADWAY
BETWEEN

AREA WITH THE

WHOLESALE AND WAREHOUS GENESEE AND

BLOCKS

HURON
GENESEE

EAST AND

OF ELLICOTT

STREET

BETWEEN

BROADWAY
PRIMARY
RETAIL

WHOLESALE AND
TO

WAREHOUSING SHOULD CONTINUE NATE
SERVICE SALING WITHIN SINCE AREA THE
IS

PREDOMI
IN

FUNCTION

THE

AND SERVICES WHOLE ACTIVITIES WHICH CANNOT FIND SPACE THE STUDY AREA WOULD BE BETTER LO
OF THE

CATED ON THE EAST SIDE

ELMOAK EX
TRADE

21

PRESSWAY

THE
BOTH

EXISTING OF

SECONDARY

RETAIL

ON

SIDES

MAIN

STREET

BETWEEN

JOHN

SON PARK AND THE PROPOSED WEST SIDE EX PRESSWAY SHOULD CONTINUE AND CAN BE AIDED BY ONSTREET PARKING
STREET
IN THIS

ALONG BOTH
AREA

SIDES

OF

MAIN

WHEN

THE

MAJOR

DIAGRAMATIC

LAND USE

FIGURE

AZ

LIZ

IL

IC VZ I11
II

LLJ

II

IS

AZO

LLJ

IILEIOLMENT

PLAN

PROPOSED
CLEARANCE
REDEVELOP

PROJECTS
COMB OF
TREATMENTS

CONSERVAT REHAB

FIGURE

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

DEVELOPMENT PLANPROPOSED
PROJECTS
THE
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PROVIDES
FOR

THREE URBAN RENEWAL PROJECTS IN

THE STUDY

AREA

PROJECT

NUMBER
IS

THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH
IT

RENEWAL PROJECT
THE

THE MOST CRITICAL

WILL

NEW COMMERCIAL COMPLEX THAT PROVIDE WILL ANCHOR THE STUDY AREA AND ATTRACT SUF
FICIENT

NEW SHOPPERS DOWNTOWNTO
SALES

REVERSE THE

THE

PRESENT

DECLINE

AND ESTABLISH

ENTIRE
TAIL

DOWNTOWN AREA

AS THE DOMINANT

RE

CENTER FOR THE FORSEEABLE

FUTURE

PROJECT
IZES

NUMBER

MAIN

STREET

CAPITAL

ON THE NEW STRENGTH ON MAIN STREET NORTH OF HURON STREET AND SOUTH OF COURT
STREET

TO REHABILITATE PROJECT

THE BLOCKS
FOR

INBETWEEN
ATTRACTIVE

THE

PROVIDES

AN

EXCLUSIVELYPEDESTRIAN

MALL ON THE RIGHTOF

WAY
AND

OF

MAIN

STREETBETWEEN
FROM THE
WINTER

CHURCH
WEATHER AND

STREET AND

HURON STREETWITH LANDSCAPING
OF EXISTING BUILDINGS

PROTECTION

PLUS REHABILITATION SPOT CLEARANCE

23
PROJECT STUDY AREA
TAIN

NUMBER
IS

THE

REMAINDER

OF

15 OR 20 YEARS AWAY BUT CER GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE FOR GUIDE MIGHT
LOCAL

THAT PROJECT WHICH CAN ALSO SERVE AS TO PRIVATE PLACE

RENEWAL
BEFORE

ACTIVITY INITIATION

WHICH BY
THE

TAKE PUBLIC

AGENCY

AB

4L
AA

FE

11
SR

OL
U4

11
II
41

IAZO

II
REATERCC
BEFLOMFNI

SO
RO

DFR

QNE

VEOPMFNT

SITE
PROJECT

PLAN
NEW

CON

BOUNDARY

STRUCTION

TRAFFIC

FLOW

FIGURE

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

MUST

GENERATE

SUFFICIENT

REVENUE TO
THEIR

THE

CAPITAL PARKING COST AND COVER THEIR OPERATING COSTS THESE REQUIREMENTS HAVE BEEN MET IN

BOARD

TO

AMORTIZE

PROJECT BUT THE SCOPE OF PLAY IS LIMITED THAT IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS
THIS

PROJECT

PROJECT

NO

PLAN

IF

MUST CLOSELY FOLLOW THE PROPOSED IT IS TO MEET ALL THE CRITICAL REQUIRE
OF THESE CRITICAL
IT

DOWNTOWN

MENTS FOR ITS SUCCESS

NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT
PROJECT PROJECT

ONE

ELEMENTS

IS

THE SIZE
SIZE

OF THE PROJECT

MUST BE OF

SUFFICIENT

NO DOWNTOUNNORTH RENEUAL
THE EXTENSION FOR THE MAJOR REVERSE
SALES TO

TO HAVE THE NECESSARY MARKET IMPACT
RETAIL

THE

PROVIDES
SITE

JOHNSON
RETAIL

PARK AND THE

NEW

MAGNET WHICH DOWNTREND OF
BUSINESS OF THIS

WILL RETAIL

THE THE

PRESENT

SPACE PROVIDED ESPECIALLY MENT STORE SPACE CANNOT BE REDUCED SIGH FICANTLY WITHOUT JEOPARDY TO THE PROJECT

THE DEPART

IN

CENTRAL

THE PROBLEM
PHYSICISTS
CALL

HERE

IS

SIMILAR

TO WHAT THE THE

DISTRICT AREA
IN

THE PRIMARY TREATMENT
AND REDE
THIS

CRITICAL THE DESIRED

MASS
ACTION

MASS

MUST BE CLEARANCE

BELOW WHICH OCCUR THIS CRITICAL
THE

DOES NOT

VELOPMENT

ORDER TO ACCOMPLISH

OB

HOWEVER SEVERAL MAJOR BUILDINGS JECTIVE WILL REMAIN THESE INCLUDE THE BUFFALO
SAVINGS
THE FLINT

MASS
IS

IS

NECESSARY

TO

MAKE

DOWNTOWN NORTH
IT

PROJECT AN ATTRACTIVE TO ATTRACT

BANK
AND
IS

THE

GRANT BUILDING
BUILDING INTO

INVESTMENT
SUFFICIENT

ALSO NECESSARY

KENT

WHICH
OFFICE

NEW

BUSINESS TO

DOWNTOWNTO MAKE
THE EXISTING

GRANT
BUILDING

EXPANDING

AND THE

GROSS ADDITION

DOWNTOWN AS OPPOSED
TRADE
OFFICE ALL OF THE

ON

THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE

IN

TO MERELY TAPPING INTO

TERSECTION OF
LIN

WEST HURON

STREET AND

FRANK

ON
SPACE

THE OTHER
IS

HAND NOT

AVENUE
THE DEMANDS UPON
THE FIRST PROJECT ARE

SO CRITICAL

TO THE PROJECT

INDEED

THE OFFICE TIONAL

TOWERS ARE DEPENDENT ON INSTITU LARGE PARTS
IF

EXTENSIVE

BECAUSE

IT

MUST REVERSE THE
SALES IN THIS

DOWN
IS

USERS TAKING

NOT ALL OF

WARD TREND OF
BUSINESS

RETAIL

THE TASK

CENTRAL

THE SPACE AND SHOULD NOT BE DEVELOPED
TIL

UN
IS

DISTRICT

ONCE
SALES

AC

SUCH TENANTS

ARE AVAILABLE
LEVEL

THE

OFFICE

COMPLISHED
AREA
WILL

AND THE
ESCALATING

IN

THE

DOWNTOWN
PROJECTS

SPACE ON THE SECOND PLANNED
VITIES
TAIL

OF THE

MALL

ARE

SUCCEEDING

FOR

SMALL LEASED

CONSUMERORIENTED ACTI
ITS

HAVE

MORE
THE

FAVORABLE

SITUATION PROJECT

AND SHOULD FIND
IS

MARKET AS THE RE

INITIALLY

DOWNTOWN NORTH
SUFFICIENTLY

SPACE

MUST PRESENT
TURE TO

SOPHISTICATED

PIC INDUCE DEVELOPER TO PROJECT
IT

ATTRACTIVE

HIM

TO UNDERTAKE

COMPLEX

PRIMAR MAJOR RETAIL MAGNET TO BE LOCATED BE TWEEN DELAWARE AVENUE WEST HURON
IS ILY

THE DOWNTOWN NORTH

PROJECT

MUST OFFER
IT

SOUND VEHICLE

FOR INVESTMENT

GENESEE

AND

MUST PROVIDE RETAIL FLOOR SPACE SO SITUATED AS TO BE ATTRACTIVE TO MERCHANT TENANTS AND
IT

JOHNSON PARK BOULEVARD TO

AND WASHINGTON STREETS WHICH EXTENDS AS BROAD

25

OAK

STREET

GENESEE

STREET

MUST BE

MORE

ATTRACTIVE

PLACE

TO

AND THE KENSINGTON
TAIL

EXPRESSWAY THIS RE
PRIME
RETAIL

SHOP AND CONDUCT BUSINESS SHOPPING CENTERS
ECT MUST BE IN THE

THAN COMPETING
THE LOCAL

COMPLEX SERVES AS THE NORTHERN TERMI
STREETS AREA AND

CONCURRENTLY

NUS TO MAIN

SHARE OF THE COST OF THE URBAN RENEWAL PROJ

COMMUNITY

PROPORTION TO THE BENEFITS TO AND THE PARKING GARAGES

CONNECTS THIS AREA TO THE GOVERNMENTAL AND INSTITUTIONAL OFFICES HOTELS AND PRESTIGE SHOPS ON DELAWARE AVENUE

THE PROPOSED HOTEL
NER OF DELAWARE AND
STRATEGICALLY
STATLER

AT THE NORTHEAST

COR
IS

MAIN
LOCATION
SITE

STREET

HAS TRADITIONALLY

BEEN

THE

HURON

STREETS

OF BUFFALOS RETAIL

ACTIVITIES

THE
ACCESS THE

LOCATED
AIID

BETWEEN THE

EXISTING
IT WILL

RECOMMENDED OFFERS
THESE
ACTIVITIES

THE DESIRED

HILTON

RICHFORD HOTELS

TO

AND

BY

SPANNING

COMPLEMENT THE EXISTING HOTEL GOVERILMEN AND INSTITUTIONAL TAL COMPLEX AND WILL
STRENGTHEN THE CITYS VENTION ROLE AS REGIONAL

STREET

SIDES OF LARGE NANTLY

ENCOURAGES PEDESTRIANS MAIN STREET THIS SITE
IS

TO USE BOTH
IS

SUFFICIENTLY

CON
IS

AND BY

PRESENTLY DETERIORATED

CENTER
PROJECT

OCCUPIED PREDOMI AND SUBSTANDARD

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
SENTIALLY

ES

BUILDINGS
FRONTAGE

IT

HAS THE ADDED ADVANTAGES OF AND
PRESTIGIOUS

AN

ACTIVE

PEDESTRIAN PLAZAS

STREET

LANDSCAPED

SHOPPING FORM ENTRANCES

ON ACTIVE

DELA
OFF

WARE AVENUE AND EXPOSURE IMMEDIATELY
THE KENSINGTON

FROM MAIN

STREET AND

DELAWARE WITH

AVENUE
AIR

THE ABSENCE
TRAFFIC

OF CONFLICT

AUTOMOTIVE

THE KENSING EXPRESSWAY AND JOHNSON PARK TO OAK TON EXPRESSWAY
STREET PROVIDE ACCESS TO THE PROJECT AND TO THE ENTIRE
RETAIL

PLUS THE COMFORTS OF YEARROUND INSURE

CONDITIONING

MAXIMUM
IS

PEDESTRIAN OF EASY

CORE AREA FROM THE NORTH

FREEDOM THE SHOPPER
SIT

INSURED

AND EAST ACCESS IN THE IMMEDIATE
LAR WILL

ACCESS EITHER BY AUTOMOBILE OR PUBLIC

TRAN

FUTURE VEHICU
PROJECT

AMPLE PARKING
TRANSIT
IS

IS

PART OF THE

COMPLEX
TO

ACCESS TO THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH
AUTOMOBILE

PUBLIC

SERVED BY TWO BUS FACILITIES

WITH THE INTRAURBAN
THE LOWER LEVEL

PLATFORM ADJACENT

BE BY PRIVATE TRANSIT BUSES

AND PUBLIC

OF THE MALL

THE MAIN

CON

COURSE HAS TWO LARGE DEPARTMENT STORES QUALITY SPECIALTY
OFFICE RESULT

HOTEL AND
TIVITY WILL

SHOPS THIS RANGE OF AC SPACE IN FLOW OF PEDEST LIVELY
OF JOHNSON PARK

SHOP

SMALLER

PARKING ON STRUCTURE FOR 2455 AUTOMO BILES AND 252 SPACES ON GRADE WILL BE PRO VIDED AS PART OF THE DOWNTOWN NORTH

RIANS

THE

EXTENSION

HAS

50FOOT
PROJECT

WIDE LANDSCAPED BORDER ON THE AND
CAPACITY

SIDE
TRAFFIC

LANDSCAPED
WILL
IS

MEDIAN
PLEAS

AMPLE
ANT THE

ASSURE

ARRIVAL

THIS PLAN

RECOMMENDED AS
OF ATTRACTING
IT IS

MOST FEASIBLE

MEANS

IN
ALSO

VESTORS AND THE

MERCHANT TENANTS

MOST FEASIBLE

PRESERVE
RETAIL

WAY TO DOWNTOWNBUFFALO THE
LOCATION

STRENGTHEN

AND

AS THE REGIONS

CENTER
OF THE

LOCATION

DOWNTOWN
II

NORTH PROJECT WAS BASED ON EXTENSIVE STUD IES AND SURVEYS OF THE PROJECT AREA THESE

26

SURVEYS CONSISTED

OF LAND

USE

BUILDING TYPE

CON
WATER CARE CHAR
SKETCH OF THE PLAZA AT THE DELAWARE AVENUE
ENTRANCE
LEFT
IS

DITION
ING

INTERIOR

AND EXTERIOR
ALL

OF BUILD

CONSTRUCTION AND

UTILITIES

SEWERS GAS ELECTRIC
FUL EVALUATION

AND TELEPHONE

OF THESE SURVEYS OF THE

ACTER OF THE STUDY

AREA AND OF THE REQUIRE
LED TO THE CONCLUSION

MENTS OF

NEW FACILITY

TO THE SHOPPING CONCOURSE

ON THE

THAT THE BEST SITE WAS ON BOTH SIDES OF STREET

MAIN

THE RESTORED GREEK REVIVAL

HOUSE

NORTH OF HURON STREET

PROJECT THIS
ISTING IN

AMOUNT

IS

IN

ADDITION

TO

EX

AS
BILIZES

THE

DOWNTOWN RENEWAL

PROJECT

STA

STOCK OF PARKING

BOTH ON GRADE AND AND
PRIVATELY

DOWNTOWN BUFFALOS

RETAIL

ACTIVITY

STRUCTURES PUBLICLY

OPER

ATED
IN ORDER TO

NEED FOR EXPANSION SPACE WILL OCCUR THE LAND WHICH IS USED FOR ONGRADE PARKING
FUNCTION
IS

MAKE

ACCESS

TO THE

DOWN

THE

LAND BANK FOR
IN

THIS

FUTURE

TOWN NORTH PROJECT VIA PUBLIC TRANSIT BUSES MORE ATTRACTIVE AND CONVENIENT COVERED LOWER MALL ON PEARL
LEVEL

EXPANSION SPACE
SION
WILL

ORDER THAT THIS

EXPAN

ENTRANCE

WITH BUS DOCKS
IS

OCCUR AS PART OF THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT RATHER THAN SERIES
OF INDEPENDENT GOALS MUST OF LAND USE

AND FRANKLIN

STREETS

PROVIDED

THE LONG PLANNED SUBWAY COULD HAVE SIMI LAR ENTRANCES FROM MAIN AND WASHINGTON
STREETS
SUFFICIENTLY

DEVELOPMENTS LONG RANGE BE FORMULATED COMPATIBILITY

PROPOSALS FOR
DEFINITE

SUBWAY

ARE INTO

NOT
THE

TO INCORPORATE

OF CIRCULATION SEPARATION SYS AND MAXIMUM USE OF TRANSPORTATION TEMS FACILITIES MUST BE PROVIDED

DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT
BE FEASIBLE
BUILT

THE PROJECT MUST

THE
ICE

AREA LENDS

ITSELF

TO OFFICE

AND SERV

EVEN

IF

THE SUBWAY REMAINS

UN

DEMAND FOR SUCH SPACE WILL USAGE OF DOWN OCCUR FOLLOWING THE STABILIZATION
TOWN BUFFALOS
ACTIVITY

FOR

PEDESTRIANS

THE

AILWEATHER
MALL
WILL

COM
MAKE

BY THE DOWNTOWN

FORTS OF THE

AIRCONDITIONED
POINT OF ARRIVAL

NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT

THE PROJECT

AND DEPARTURE

THE
TRIANS

PRINCIPLE

OF

SEPARATION
TRAFFIC WILL

OF PEDES ALSO BE

AND

SHOPPING CONCOURSE THE DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT IS CONCEIVED AS MAGNET TO BALANCE THE EXISTING MAIN STREET RETAIL FACI
LITIES

AND VEHICULAR
IN

AP
CIR

PLIED

THE AREA EAST OF WASHINGTON

STREET

THE CONTINUOUS PODIUM
CULATION
LEVELS WILL

FOR PEDESTRIAN THE

SOUTH

OF COURT STREET AND AS

LINK
AS

CONNECT TO

PEDESTRIAN

AGE TO MAIN
LINK

PLACE
OFFICE

IT

WILL

ALSO ACT HOTELS

WEST OF WASHINGTON STREET
TO THE PEDESTRIAN
LEVELS

THE CON
OF THE SERVES

TO

THE

BUILDINGS

AND

NECTION

SPECIALTY

SHOPS ON DELAWARE AVENUE

BE

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
AS

PROJECT

CAUSE OF THE ATTRACTING POWER OF THE COM HAVE PLEX IT MOST FAVORABLE IMPACT ON EXISTING
ING

MEANS
THIS

OF PEDESTRIAN

FLOW CONTINUITY
CIRCULATION

BENEATH

PODIUM
WILL

VEHICULAR

MAIN

STREET RETAILERS INCREASE
IN

BY PROVID

AND PARKING

SUBSTANTIAL

THE

NUMBER

OF

BE PROVIDED THE PODIUM SERVES AS BASE FOR
IS

OFFICE

PEDESTRIANS

ON MAIN STREET
STREET

EAST OF WASHINGTON THE
EAST

THAT

PART

OF

BUILDINGS AS CENTER AND ITS
WILL SITE

THE CASE WITH THE MEDICAL
OFFICE

TOWER THE PODIUM
FACILITY

DOWNTOWN NORTH
OF

RENEWAL
SERVES

PROJECT DUAL

ALSO PROVIDE LANDSCAPED AREAS AND THE FOR
CIVIC INTEREST

WASHINGTON
IT

STREET

OR CULTURAL
IN

THE
OF

PURPOSE

PROVIDES

AN ATTRACTIVE
FRONI

FORE

GROWING

LEGITIMATE

THEATRICAL

GROUND
ING

FOR THE

PROJECT
ESSENTIAL

KENSINGTON

PRESENTATION VELOPING

SUGGESTS THE POSSIBILITY

DE

EXPRESSWAY SPACE

AND

THESE FUNCTION

AS INTERIM

ON GRADE PARK USES
FOR THE PRES

THEATERS ON THIS OF

PODIUM
FACILI

MAXIMIZATION
TIES
IS

TRANSPORTATION

THEY PROVIDE NEEDED
ENT

FACILITIES

AIDED

BY THE PROXIMITY BUS
FACILITIES

OF THE INTER

27

WITHOUT

SUBSTANTIAL

CAPITAL

COMMIT
THE PLAN

AND INTRAURBAN

THE PLANNED
VEHICULAR

MENT
PROJECT

THE MARKET
AS TO

ANALYSIS

SUPPORTS THE BASIC

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM

AND

AMPLE

PROPOSED

AND

SHOULD BE LIMITED

BE SHOWN TO BE FEASIBLE
CONDITION OF THE

PROGRAM WHICH CAN AT THIS TIME THIS

PARKING SPACES SATISFY THE DEMANDS OF THIS FORM OF TRANSPORTATION THE LONG PLANNED SUBWAY SYSTEM WOULD ADD TO THE ATTRACTIVE NESS OF THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT

DOES NOT PRECLUDE THE ADDITIONS OTHER ELEMENTS AS THE PROJECT DE

VELOPS

KING STRUCT

VZIIIIIIFIC IIIIIIILIL DEPARTMENT STORE
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LU

46
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36
26
LU

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1095775
SFSFSF SFSF SF SF
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IMPROVEMENTS FEDEVELOPMNT ACILITIES PARK PLAZARELOCATION SUPPLEMENT
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26

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STREETS

THE DE
CIRCULA OF

PROVIDE AN ADEQUATE CIRCULA TION SYSTEM TO SERVICE THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT AND THE ENTIRE DOWNTOWN PROVEMENTS AREA TION HAVE BEEN DESCRIBED THESE IMPROVEMENTS TWO CATEGORIES
THE PROJECT WITHIN

TO ACHIEVE AT

OPTIMAL PEDESTRIAN
THE

TION PEARL TRIAN

GRADE REQUIRES THIS

DEPRESSION

AND FRANKLIN STREETS BELOW THE PEDES CONCOURSE IMPROVEMENT
OFFSTREET ALSO

UNDER CIRCULA

MAY

BE CONSID

PROVIDES ING

ACCESS TO PARKING

LOAD

ERED IN OUTSIDE

FACILITIES

AND THE INTRAURBAN

IMPROVEMENTS

BUS PLAT
OF THE

BOUNDARIES

AND

FORMS
WASHINGTON WASHINGTON
PROJECT STREET
IS

IMPROVEMENTS
OFFSITE

THE BOUNDARIES

THE ROADWAY
WIDENED
WITHIN TRAFFIC OF

STREET

IMPROVEMENTS
IN

TO CARRY

THE ADDITIONAL

EXPRESSWAYS
TION

PLANNING
IN

AND CONSTRUC

STREET

VACATIONS

PORTION

MAIN
STREET

THE CHANGES
AND
IN

DONWTOWN TRAFFIC
AS WELL AS

STREET

IS

VACATED TO PERMIT THE DEVELOPMENT

VOLUMES CHANGES
TATE

DESTINATIONS

OF THE PROJECT

THE

PORTION

OF

MAIN

THE CIRCULATION
IN

CHANGES

THE

PATTERN NECESSI ENTRANCE AND EXIT ROADS OF THE

BETWEEN GRANTS
AS
IS

THE

BUFFALO

CLOSED

TO TRAFFIC

SAVINGS BANK AND BUT MAINTAINED

RAMPS BRIDGES
TO CLOSE

AND

ACCESS

PUBLIC

PEDESTRIAN STREET
IS

PLANNED EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM

THE

DECISION

MAIN

STREET TO TRAFFIC

BETWEEN
REQUIRES

HU
THE

CHIPPEWA AWARE AVENUE AND
VIDE
SUFFICIENT

PLAZA VACATED BETWEEN
STREET TO

DEL
PRO

ELLMCOTT

RON STREET AND JOHNSON PARK
CONSTRUCTION OF

AREA FOR THE REDEVELOPMENT

TO RECHANNEL

TRAFFIC

PROJECT COST OF ONSITE

ON WASHINGTON AND PEARL STREETS THE EX TENSION OF JOHNSON PARK REQUIRES THAT
BRIDGE

IMPROVEMENTS
WILL

PLANNED TO CARRY GENESEE DIAGONALLY

MOST ONSITE IMPROVEMENTS
TO THE PROJECT AND NOT INVOLVE

BE

COST

ACROSS THE DEPRESSED

ELMOAK EXPRESSWAY

CASH OUTLAYS
OF

BE REALIGNED
ACROSS TO

TO CARRY JOHNSON PARK DIRECTLY

BY LOCAL PUBLIC AGENCIES

GENESEE

THE

EXCEPTION

IS

THE EXTENSION STATE
WILL

JOHN

IN ORDER TO FACII WASHINGTON STREET NORTHSOUTH CIRCULATION WITH MAIN TATE STREET CLOSED TO TRAFFIC
IS

SON PARK WITH STATE
GESTED

WHICH

THE

CONSTRUCT
IT
IS

AND FEDERAL FUNDS
OF

SUG

THE

ROADWAY FROM

OF

THAT THE DEPARTMENT

URBAN

RE

WASHINGTON
SEE STREET JOINS THE

STREET

WIDENED

GENE
IT IS

TO EAST TUPPER PART OF THIS

STREET WHERE

NEWAL ACT AS THE AGENT OF THE STATE IN THE AND DEMOLITION OF STRUCTURES ACQUISITION

IMPROVEMENT

AND

THE

RELOCATION

OF

FAMILIES

AND
OF

BUSI

OUTSIDE

THE PROJECT

NESSES TO PREVENT COSTLY SEVERANCES

PROP
STATE

34

MINOR
PROJECT

OPERATIONAL
ALSO REQUIRES

CHANGES MINOR

THIS

ERTY THE
ECT FOR

STATE

WOULD REIMBURSE THE PROJ
INVOLVED

OPERATIONAL

THE

COST

AND

THE

CHANGES TO THE TRAFFIC SYSTEM WHICH ARE SCRIBED UNDER CIRCULATION ONSITE IMPROVEMENTS
TRAFFIC
WILL

DE

WOULD

LET CONSTRUCTION

CONTRACTS THE COST

OF EXTENDING JOHNSON PARK WILL BE APPROXI

MATELY 3038000 CONSTRUCTION FROM THE

INCLUDING

LAND

AND

JOHNSON PARK
SINGTON

KEN

IMPROVEMENTS

TO

FRANKLIN
AT

AND
TO

PEARL

EXPRESSWAY

DEMAND

MAJOR

STREETS ARE ESTIMATED

258000

WASH

DIG

UFF

STREET
VEHIC
LAR DESTRIAN DEPRESSED

IMPROVEMENTS
LIIFIFLI

ROW

ROADWAY LANDSCAPED

WIDENED ROAYWAY

ROW

VACATED

FIGURE

12

INGTON

STREET IN THE PROJECT AT PORTION OF

20000

AND

OF PUBLIC PUBLIC

FACILITIES

THE

PROJECT

PROVIDES

TO THE PEDESTRIAN

MAIN

STREET AT AS

PARKING ON

29000
BE

STRUCTURE AND ON GRADE INTRAURBAN

THEY WOULD BE ACCOMPLISHED
AND
THEIR

AN INTERURBAN

BUS STATION

BUS

PROJECT IMPROVEMENTS

COST WOULD

PLATFORMS AND SEVERAL SMALL

PARKS

COVERED BY

THE

GRANTS

AND

NONCASH
COST

CREDITS

SO THAT THERE WOULD BE NO DIRECT

TO THE CITY

PROVIDED THE PROJECT PROCEEDS

THE
PROVED

INTERURBAN
FACILITIES

BUS STATION PROVIDES
FOR PEOPLE

IM

ON

BASIS IMPROVEMENTS

WHO COMMUTE
LOCAL

COST OF OFFSITE

TO THE CITY ISTS

CENTER BY BUS AS WELL AS FOR TOUR

SHOPPERS AND EMPLOYEES USING
LINES

THE EXPRESSWAY RAMPS BRIDGES AND AC
CESS ROADS TO BE CONSTRUCTED WITH STATE

BUS

ARE SERVED BY THE INTRAURBAN

BUS

BY THE STATE
WILL

PLATFORMS NECT

WHICH ARE UNDER COVER AND
TO THE

CON
SHOP

AND

FEDERAL FUNDS

BENEFIT

THE PROJECT TO THE EXTENT OF
WILL

662000

DIRECTLY

AIRCONDITIONED

THE

PING CONCOURSE ABOVE

COST

1683000
WILL IT WILL

LAND AND CON
BE DONE
IN

PARKING STRUCTURES

STRUCTION AND
EXTENT OF NECTION WITH ING

BENEFIT THE PROJECT TO THE

336000
WITH
THE

CON

INCORPORATED INTO THE COMPLEX PROVIDE 455 SPACES IMMEDIATE ACCESS TO THE SHOP PING AND THE
OFFICE FACILITIES
IS

WEST

INCORPORATED

SIDE

EXPRESSWAY

INTO THE DESIGN

STATE AND FEDERAL

FUNDS THE WIDEN
STREET

OF THE PARKING GARAGES
IS

ON
PRO

GRADE PARKING FOR 252 VEHICLES VIDED

ALSO

OF THE ROADWAY OF WASHINGTON

BETWEEN JOHNSON PARK
STREET WILL

AND

EAST TUPPER
AT COST OF

THE

SMALL PARKS ALONG THE JOHNSON PARK
WILL

BE DONE BY THE CITY

EXTENSION

20000
RESULTS

PROVIDE

URBAN GREEN SPACE FOR WORKERS IN ADDITION THE PARK AREAS
SERVE TO ENHANCE DRIVE
STREET WILL

PLEASANT CLOSEIN SHOPPERS AND OFFICE
WILL

THE
PROJECT
STREET

ALONG JOHNSON

IMPROVEMENTS
AFFECT

PLANNED FOR THE

PATTERN

MAJOR CHANGES IN THE OF DOWNTOWN BUFFALO THE

PARK AND MAKE THE PROJECT MORE ATTRACTIVE THE PARKING WILL OCCUPY ACRES AND
SHARE AN ADDITIONAL

36

ACRES WITH PRIVATE

PLAN ALSO PROPOSES CHANGES IN THE EXPRESS WAY COMPLEX THAT WILL ENABLE IT TO MORE EF
FECTIVELY

DEVELOPMENT AND THE BUS STATION
STATION WILL OCCUPY

THE BUS THE
OF

SERVE

THE

DOWNTOWN AREA
WILL

THE

QUARTER ACRE AND SHARE

ANOTHER QUARTER ACRE WITH THE PARKING PARK AREAS
ACRES WILL OTHER
WILL

CREDITS FROM PORTIONS

OF THE EXPRESSWAY SYS

COVER
IN

15

ACRES
FACILITIES

TOTAL

TEM BEING PLANNED BY THE STATE

REDUCE

BE

PUBLIC

AND

AN

THE COST OF THE RENEWAL PROJECT TO THE CITY

36

ACRES WILL

THE ACCOMPLISHMENT
INTERNAL
STREETS

BE SHARED BY PUBLIC

OF MAJOR

DURING

THE

INCLUDING RENEWAL PROJECT

CHANGES RN JOHNSON PARK
ENABLES THE COST TO THE

AND PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT WILL BE DEVELOPED BY THE COST OF 6186000THE PARKING BOARD AT
FACILITIES

THE PARKING

CHANGES TO BE

MADE

AT THE LEAST

INTERURBAN CITY
AT

BUS STATION

WILL

BE

BUILT

BY THE BUS

36

CITY

AND THE STATE

AND LEASEDOR
COST OF

BUILT

BY

DEVELOPER
INTRAURBAN

274000

THE

PLATFORMS

WILL

DEVELOPMENT PLAN PUBLIC
FACILITIES
THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
WILL RESULT

BE CONSTRUCTED AS PART OF THE
AREAS
TO THE

THE PARK IMPROVEMENTS WOULD BE LANDSCAPED AND DEDICATED
PROJECT CITY AS PROJECT IMPROVEMENTS THE CITY TO PROCESS ENABLES DITIONS
AT

THE RENEWAL MAKE
THESE

PROJECT

AD

IN

MAJOR ADDITIONS

TO THE STOCK

MINIMAL

COST

UB
RKING
RK OTJ
LIII

FACILITIES
PARKING ON GRADE
INTERURBAN BUS STATION INTRAURBAN
BUS PLATFORM

RUCTUR

FIGURE

13

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

CIRCULATION

CHANGES

OUTSIDE

PROJECT

AREA

THE
AN
THE

CLOSURE OF

MAIN

STREET

WILL

REQUIRE OF

EFFECTIVE

ALTERNATIVE

FOR CONTINUITY THIS
WILL

MAIN

STREET TRAFFIC OF THE

REQUIRE

CONSTRUCTION AT TUPPER

DIAGONAL CONNECTIONS STREET TO AND FROM PEARL AND
STREETS
STREET STREET

WASHINGTON

RESPECTIVELY IN THE FIRSTSTAGE
ITS

WASHINGTON

FIRSTSTAGE TRAFFIC CIRCULATION PLAN

PLAN WASHINGTON
TIC

MUST HAVE

TRAF

DIRECTION

REVERSED ALONG WITH
ELLICOTT

REVER

SAL OF STREET

FLOW ON

STREET

THE PROPOSED

WIDENING

BE

LIMITED

TO THE

ON WASHINGTON STREET CAN FROM GENESEE PORTION
STREET
STREET

STREET TO TUPPER
TRAFFIC

THUS

NORTHBOUND

ON MAIN

WOULD BE DIVERTED

INTO

GENESEE STREET
TRANSITION

WHICH WOULD SERVE AS
STREET

THE

FOLLOWING TO

TRAFFIC

IMPROVEMENTS

ARE

THE

NECESSARY

ACCOMMODATE THE DOWNTOWN
PROJECT PLAN
FOR

TO WASHINGTON
THIS

IM
WITH

PROVED FROM

POINT

NORTHERLY

NORTH RENEWAL
THE CIRCULATION

DISCUSSION THE ENTIRE
TRAFFIC

OF

STUDY AND

NORTHBOUND WASHINGTON STREET MADE INTO FROM SOUTH PARK AVENUE STREET TRAFFIC COULD
DIRECTLY

AREA

AND

AN ANALYSIS

OF THE OF THE

ENTER

WASHINGTON
INSTEAD

STREET

PARKING IMPLICATIONS NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT
SCRIPTION

DOWNTOWN
THIS

SOUTH OF THE THRUWAY
INTO

OF FEEDING

FOLLOWS

DE

MAIN
WILL

STREET

PEARL STREET
TRAFFIC

SOUTHBOUND MAIN
INTO PEARL

STREET

TRANSITION THE

STREET AND TO

WOULD HAVE

OPPORTUNITY

TO RETURN

MAIN
CIRCULATION

STREET VIA

CHANGES

WITHIN

MOHAWK COURT CHURCH
OR ELSE TO
IT

PROJECT

AREA

OR SENECA STREETS

COULD CONTINUE
AT THE

THROUGH THE
PROJECT
ITSELF

CBD

LOWER TERRACE
BEYOND
THE

THE
STREET

WILL

PROVIDE FOR THE

WAR MEMORIAL
JOHNSON PARK
LINIITS

AUDITORIUM
PROJECT

CONSTRUCTION

OF JOHNSON PARK BETWEEN

OAK

AND DELAWARE

AVENUE

IT

ALSO WILL

JOHNSON

PARK

WILL

NEED TO BE

CON
OF

PROVIDE THE

DEPRESSED PROFILE AND PEARL STREETS BETWEEN JOHNSON PARK

OF FRANKLIN

STRUCTED TO EXTEND FROM THE INTERSECTION

38

AND HURON STREETS
THE EASTWEST PEDESTRIAN
STREET WILL

NEEDED TO ESTABLISH

ELM AND GENESEE ON THE EAST TO AN INTER SECTION WITH WEST AVENUE ON THE WEST IN
IMPROVEMENT OF EXISTING NORTH AND SOUTH JOHNSON PARK WEST OF DELAWARE AYE
CLUDING

MALL WASHINGTON BE WIDENED TO PERMIT FOUR MOV STREET WOULD REQUIRE ING LANES AND ELLICOTT WIDENING
IF IT IS

NILE
CLUDING

THE

SECTION BRIDGE

EAST OF OVER

OAK
THE

STREET

IN

TO

BE OPERATED AS

TWO
HURON

THE

ELMOAK
FOR

WAY

STREET

MAIN

STREET WILL

BE CLOSED TO

EXPRESSWAY

SHOULD
IT

BE

SUBSTITUTED

TRAFFIC

BETWEEN JOHNSON PARK AND

GENESEE STREET WHERE

CROSSES THE EXPRESS

STREETS

WAY

ELMOAK
IN

ARTERIAL TO

AND

EXPRESSWAY FIRSTSTAGE

GENESEE STREET

GENESEE STREET WOULD
CIRCULATION THE
STREET IN WILL

ORDER

UNDERTAKE THE

BECOME

LOCAL
IN

THE

PROJECT AND AFFECT OF

THE CLOSURE OF ONE BLOCK
WILL

CBD

EXCEPT

BLOCK WHICH
STREET

BE

MAIN

STREET

IT

BE NECESSARY TO HAVE
FULLY OF

CARRYING

NORTHHOUND MAIN

TRAFFIC

THE KENSINGTON

EXPRESSWAY

COMPLET

AS ALREADY DISCUSSED

GENESEE STREET WOULD
TRAFFIC

ED ALONG WITH

THE IMPROVEMENT

ELM

AND

BE

OAK
ALS

STREETS

THE

FOURLANE ONEWAY ARTERI ELMOAK EXPRESSWAY MUST BE
INTO SO THAT
IS IT

OPEN FROM OAK STREET
PEARL
STREET

TO

SOUTHWESTBOUND
TO

HURON

STREET
IT

ONLY AND FROM
IS

TO NIAGARA SQUARE
STREET

NECES

WELL UNDER CONSTRUCTION AVAILABLE

WILL

BE

SARY TO HAVE GENESEE

OPERATE

ONE

WHEN THE
ITS

PROJECT

FULLY

TENANTED OF

AND GENERATING
HICULAR TRAFFIC

MAXIMUM

LEVEL

YE

WAY NORTHEASTBOUND BETWEEN PEARL AND HURON IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE MULTIPLE IN
TERSECTION CONFLICTS STREET
IS

IN

THIS

AREA WHEN MAIN

CLOSED NORTH OF

HURON

II

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

TO

42FOOT

WIDE

ROADWAYS

TUPPER
IS

STREET

THE

WESTERLY CONTINUATION

OF GOODELL

EVEN NARROW

ER

FOOT RIGHTSOFWAY
TRAFFIC

COURT STREET AND THE DIAGONAL STREET HAVE 99 AND 54 TO 60FOOT ROADWAYS SIGNALSINTERCONNECTED
ALL

TRAFFIC

SIGNALS

CONTROL NEARLY

INTERSECTIONS

HOWEVER
AS

THERE

ARE SOME NOTABLE EXCEPTIONS
TIONS

SUCH

THE INTERSEC

OF GENESEE STREET WITH

MOHAWK PEARL

HU

RON WASHINGTON

AND CHIPPEWA WHICH HAVE STOP ONLY

EXISTING

TRAFFIC

PATTERNS AND

SIGNS

OR FLASHERS

MAGNITUDES
PUBLIC IN POSALS ORDER
TO

TRANSIT FAR THE
LARGEST

DISCUSS

FOR THE
IT IS

THE TRAFFIC CIRCULATION PRO DOWNTOWNNORTH STUDY AREA IN

BY
DOZEN

NUMBER OF
OPERATE

BUSES

NEARLY
STREET

DIFFERENT

ROUTES

ALONG

MAIN

BUFFALO
ING

NECESSARY
TRAFFIC

TO HAVE SOME UNDERSTAND

ALTHOUGH
ARE

SOME OF THE SOUTHBOUND BUS MOVEMENTS

OF PRESENT

PATTERNS

AND MAGNITUDES

MADE VIA WASHINGTON STREET HOWEVER DELA WARE AVENUE AND PEARL AND FRANKLIN STREETS ALSO
CARRY

PRESENT TRAFFIC

OPERATIONS
AREA
IS

TWO OR THREE BUS ROUTES EACH

SEVERAL

BUS

THE
STREETS

STUDY
SIX

SERVED

BY EIGHT NORTHSOUTH AND ONE DIAGONAL
TO

LINES

ARE ROUTED ALONG BROADWAY AND COURT STREET THERE
IS

EASTWEST STREETS

AND
STREET

SINGLE

BUS

ROUTE

ALONG

GENESEE

STREET GENESEE STREET EAST

RUNNING SOUTHWEST

NORTH

EAST OF TERMS

MAIN

STREET CARRIED

THROUGH THE NIAGARA

AREA

TWO

ADDITIONAL

DIAGONAL
SIT

IN

OF PASSENGERS FRONTIER

BY PUBLIC

TRAN STUDY WAS

STREETS

AND BROADWAY BORDER THE STUDY NORTHSOUTH STREETS

THE

NIAGARA

TRANSPORTATION
TRANSIT

AREA

FOUND THAT THE

DAILY

VOLUME OF
PERSONS

RIDING STREET

NORTHSOUTH STREETSTHE

MORE THAN 25000
PROXIMATELY

ALONG

MAIN

AP

FROM WEST TO EAST ARE ELMWOOD AVENUE

TWO

15000

ALONG

WASHINGTON

STREET

WAY
STREET

DELAWARE

AVENUE

TWOWAY
PEARL STREET

FRANKLIN

ONEWAY NORTH
MAIN
STREET

ONEWAY

SOUTH
STREET

TWOWAY
ELM

WASHINGTON

SOUTH OF HURON AND 10000 ON COURT STREET AND BROADWAY CHIPPEWA STREET WEST OF MAIN CARRIED ABOUT 8000 TRANSIT PASSENGERS

NORTH AND OAK
THE STUDY AREA

ONEWAY SOUTH ELLICOTT STREET ONEWAY STREET ONEWAY SOUTH BEYOND
TO

THE

EAST
TO

IS

STREET

WHICH
CARRIES

PARKING

FACILITIES

SERVES AS THE COUNTERPART

OAK

STREET

AND

THE

STUDY AREA PRESENTLY

CONTAINS

SUBSTANTIAL

NORTHBOUND AND MAIN
PROXIMATELY FEET

TRAFFIC

OF

THESE

STREETS

DELAWARE
OF

AMOUNT OF OFFSTREET PARKING
NICIPAL

TWO
WITHIN WITH

OF THE FIVE

MU

EACH

HAS FEET

RIGHTOFWAY

WIDTH

AP

PARKING THE PAST ARE THE

RAMPS THAT HAVE BEEN CONSTRUCTED 10 YEARS
LIE

100

AND ROADWAY WIDTHS
STREETS

OF 60 RIGHTS

DURING

THE STUDY AREA CAPACITY OF

THE REMAINING OFWAY AND ROADWAY
CEPT THAT WASHINGTON STREET
IS

HAVE 66FOOT
OF 47
IS

THEY
611

MOHAWK
AT

RAMP

WIDTHS STREET

TO

48

FEET

EX

SPACES

WASHINGTON

MOHAWK AND

ELLICOTT

42

FEET

WIDE AND
NORTH

STREETS

AND THE HURON RAMP WITH
AT

CAPACITY

OF

OAK

38

FEET

WIDE

THE ROADWAYS ON
AND OAK

612

SPACES
PARKING

FRANKLIN
AT ALL

HURON AND
OF THE RAMPS

PEARL STREETS
IS

FRANKLIN OF TUPPER

AND WASHINGTON NARROW ABRUPTLY
STREET WHILE THOSE ON ELLICOTT

THE

RATE

020
TO

FOR

STREET NARROW NORTH OF ST STREETS RESPECTIVELY

MICHAEL

AND GENESEE

HOUR AND 015 FOR EACH THE DAILY MAXIMUM RANGES FROM
THE FIRST

ADDITIONAL

HOUR

100
IS

125
AT

AND THE MONTHLY PARKING

CHARGE
AT

1800
HURON

THE

40

EASTWEST STREETSTHE EASTWEST STREETS FROM NORTH TO SOUTH ARE GOODELL AND EDWARD ONE WAY WEST TUPPER ONEWAY EAST EAST OF ELLI COTT CHIPPEWA TWOWAY HURON ONEWAY MOHAWK ONEWAY EAST EAST WEST OF GENESEE
WEST OF
AGARA

MOHAWK RAMP AND
OTHER PRINCIPAL
ALONG

1500

THE

RAMP
AND

PARKING STREET

AREAS ARE CONCENTRATED

WASHINGTON

BETWEEN GENESEE

TUPPER ALONG PEARL AND FRANKLIN HURON AND TUPPER IN THE VICINITY ELMWOOD AND NIAGARA
STREET CATED IN DISTRICT

STREETS BETWEEN OF DELAWARE

MAIN

AND COURT STREET

TWOWAY NI
DIAGONALLY

AND

ALONG

EAST HURON
LOTS ARE

STREET

AND BROADWAY
AT

INTERSECT

MANY

OF THESE SURFACE PARKING PORTIONS THE

LO

WITH COURT STREET
AYETTE SQUARE

NIAGARA

SQUARE AND LAF
STREETS

BLIGHTED INCLUDING

OF THE CENTRAL OF THE
THIS

BUSINESS

RESPECTIVELY

THE EASTWEST

SITE IN

FIRSTSTAGE

RE

GENERALLY HAVE 66FOOT

WIDE RIGHTSOFWAY

AND 36

NEWAL PROJECT PROPOSED

REPORT

TABLE

ESTIMATED 1975

TRAFFIC

GENERATION AND PARKING REQUIREMENTS
DOWNTOWNNORTHRENEWAL PROJECT BUFFALO NEW YORK

ESTIMATED PROPOSED USE
RETAIL

NUMBER OF VEHICLE

TRIPS OUT 1250 500
50

PARKING
SPACES

FLOOR AREA
1118OOO
485000 2640002

TYPICAL

WEEKDAY
DIRECTION

PM
IN

PEAK HOUR

ONE

REQUIRED
2100
700 41
150

8400 1100
500

450
70

OFFICE

HOTEL

80

TOTAL

1867000

10000

600

1800

2950

INCLUDING ESTIMATED

BUS STATION
FIGURE

ASSUMING 135000

SQUARE

FEET

ABOVE LOBBY FLOOR

PRESENT TRAFFIC

VOLUMES AND CAPACITY
TRAFFIC

DATA ON PRESENT FROM DATA

VOLUMES WERE AVAILABLE
THE

COMPILED STUDY
IN

BY

NIAGARA

FRONTIER

1962 ELMWOOD AVENUE DELAWARE AVENUE AND MAIN STREET EACH CARRIED FROM 15000 TO 17000 VEHICLES DAILY IN THE STUDY AREA VOL PORTION OF OAK STREET ALSO CARRIED VEHICLES THE OTHER NORTHSOUTH UME OF 17000
TRANSPORTATION

ONEWAY
ELLICOTT
VEHICLE

STREETS

FRANKLIN
VOLUMES
IN

PEARL
THE

WASHINGTON

CARRIED

700010000
CARRIED LOWER

RANGE
STREETS

THE EASTWEST
TRAFFIC HICLES

GENERALLY

000

FROM LESS THAN 4000 VE HURON AND MOHAWK TO ON COURT AND CHIPPEWA STREETS AND 11000 VOLUMES
RANGING OF

ON PORTIONS

ON EAST TUPPER STREET
TRAFFIC

OF THE TORY

CAPACITYIN GENERAL THE DOWNTOWNNORTH STUDY AREA
TO CARRY
TRAFFIC STREETS

STREET

SYSTEM SATISFAC

HAS

CAPACITY

PRESENT CAPACITY

TRAFFIC

VOLUMES

HOWEVER
SULT

SPECIFIC

DEFICIENCIES
IS

RE

ON INDIVIDUAL
OF
TRAFFIC

WHEN

THERE

AN OVER
DEFICIENT

LOAD
STREET

VOLUME

COMBINED

WITH

WIDTH

AS ON OR IN

ELMWOOD AVENUE AND ON

TUP

PER STREET

COMPLEX MULTISTREET
WITH WITH

INTERSECTION

AREAS SUCH AS THOSE CREATED BY THE DIAGONAL
INGS OF GENESEE
STREET

CROSS

FRANKLIN

MOHAWK

AND PEARL

STREETS

AND

MAIN

HURON AND
TRAFFIC

WASHINGTON STREETS ON BY
MULTIPLICITY

OTHER PROBLEM AREAS BROUGHT
OF INTERSECTING STREAMS

AND COMPLICATED BY PEDESTRIANS

AND BUS

MOVE
AND

MENTS

OCCUR

IN

THE VICINITY

OF BOTH NIAGARA

LAFAYETTE

SQUARE
DISTRICT

CENTRAL BUSINESS

AND STUDY AREA TRIP

GENERATION
PRELIMINARY DATA WERE AVAILABLE GENERATION TRIPS

FROM THE

NFTS

ON

CBD
TOTAL

TRAFFIC

AND ON THE DISTRIBUTION

OF ORIGINS

OF

CBD

OF APPROXIMATELY
TO

110000
BUFFALO

PERSON

TRIPS

DAILY

WERE DESTINED
TRAFFIC

THE

CENTRAL SQUARE

MILE
INCIDES

ZONE 003
THE

WHICH ALMOST EXACTLY
AREA

CO
AT
THAT

WITH

DOWNTOWNNORTH STUDY
PERSON TRIPS
IT
IS

TRACTED

48000 IN

ESTIMATED

THESE INCLUDED

42

GER TRIPS

10000 PASSEN AUTOMOBILES TRUCKS AND TAXIS AND
TRIPS
ALSO TRIPS

22000

DRIVER TRIPS

16000 THE
TION OF
TRICTS

NF
CBD

TRANSIT

PROVIDED DATA ON THE DISTRIBU
ORIGINS
IN

THE 40

INTERNAL

DIS

AND 12 EXTERNAL
INFORMATION

DISTRICTS

THIS

WAS USEFUL FOR MAKING EXPECTED
TO

ASSIGN

MENTS OF FUTURE

TRAFFIC

BE

GENERATED

BY THE PROPOSED DOWNTOWNNORTHRENEWAL PROJECT
AREA AS DISCUSSED

SUBSEQUENTLY

WITHIN

ERIE

AND NIAGARA COUNTIES

999
9999

99

9999
999

9999
9999
99 99

999
9999

99
99 99 99 99

999999999 999999999 999999999 999999 9999 999 9999 999
99

9999
999

3J

9999 9999W
99 99

999 999

99

999 999 999 9999
99

9I9 99
999

999

9999999

99

99

999

99

99

999
999 999 99

99 99

999
99 99 99 99

99

9W
999

9999

9999

9999

9999 PERSPECTIVE OF JOHNSON PARK FACING

999999999999999999
WEST 43

FROM ST MICHAELS

CHURCH

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

THE
BE
THE

NORTH

AND NORTHWEST
SIDE

LEG

OF THE

IOOP

WILL

WEST

EXPRESSWAY
STREET

GENERALLY

LYING

BETWEEN
STREETS FOR THE

VIRGINIA
WILL

AND

CAROLINATUPPER EXCEPT
HAS NOT
IS

WHICH
TO

SERVE AS SERVICE ROADS

VIRGINIACAROLINA NIAGARA

INTERCHANGE
THIS

FROM THE

THRUWAY
HELD

STREET

ROUTE

BEEN DESIGNED UP BECAUSE

CONSTRUCTION OF
IF

OF THE CONNECTIONS

CONTROVERSY
IS

OVER FINANCING
ROUTE EARLY

METHODS EVEN
PROBABLY
WILL

THIS

RESOLVED THE ENTIRE
UNTIL

NOT BE CONSTRUCTED

THE

1970S
RADIAL ARE THE

EXPRESSWAYSRADIATING FROM THE IOOP NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY TO THE NORTHWEST
THE

AND THE EAST

KENSINGTON EXPRESSWAY

TO

THE

PROPOSED CIRCULATION

PLAN

NORTHEAST

AND THE BUFFALO

SKYWAY TO
IS

THE SOUTH

THE KENSINGTON EXPRESSWAY
OR UNDER CONSTRUCTION BUFFALO SHORT AIRPORT
TO

EITHER

COMPLETED
STREET AT

FROM GENESEE

THE FOR WITH

DOWNTOWNBUFFALO
WHERE
THE
IT

EXCEPT

ATGRADE SECTION

COINCIDES

THE

CIRCULATION

PLAN

PROPOSED FOR THE
TIES

DOWN
PLAN

TOWN NORTH STUDY AREA

INTO THE ACCEPTED
FOR

HUMBOLDT PARKWAY AND AND OAK STREETS ALREADY
TENSION

CONNECTIONS

REFERRED TO

TO ELM THE SCAJA

OF EXPRESSWAYS AND ARTERIALS

THE BUFFALO CENTRAL

QUADA EXPRESSWAY AND HUMBOLDT PARKWAY

EX

AREA
WILL

THE

EXISTING

PROPOSED OR COMMITTED ROUTES
ACCESSIBLE

MAKE

THE AREA HIGHLY

BY MOTOR

YE

CONNECT TO BOTH THE KENSINGTON EXPRESS WAY AND THE THRUWAY FORMING AN INTERMEDIATE EXPRESSWAY LOOP

HIDE
TIONS

ALTHOUGH

NUMBER OF
TO

ADDITIONAL
STREET

MODILICA SYSTEM ARE

AND IMPROVEMENTS

THE

THE

BUFFALO

SKYWAY
BUFFALO THE ENTERS

SERVING

THE

INDUSTRIAL

PROPOSED

AREAS SOUTH

OF THE

RIVER AND THE CITY
LOOP SOUTHWEST OF

OF

LACKAWANNA

NI
CON

CDD
AN
LY

EXPRESSWAY AND ARTERIAL PLAN
EXCELLENT EXPRESSWAY AND ARTERIAL PLAN FOR

AGARA

SQUARE
THE

AND PRESENTLY HAS INADEQUATE

NECTIONS WITH

TO THE PLANS

THRUWAY

IN

CLOSE COORDINATION

FOR THE WATERFRONT REDEVELOPMENT

THE BUFFALO OVER

CENTRAL AREA HAS BEEN DEVELOPED JOINT PERIOD OF YEARS BY THE CITY STATE OF BUFFALO OF PUBLIC

AREA

PLANS

HAVE BEEN

WORKED OUT
AT

TO

EXTEND THE

SKYWAY TO WHICH
NECTIONS ALSO WILL
IS

SURFACE CONNECTION BE

NIAGARA STREET IMPROVED CON
THIS PROJECT

AND THE

NEW YORK
IT

DEPARTMENT

TO TO

WIDENED
THE

INCLUDING

WORKS
SEVERAL
EITHER

INCLUDES

COMPLETE DOWNTOWN AND
OTHER ROUTES

LOOP
WHICH

AND FROM THE THRUWAY

RADIAL

ROUTES

CROSS OR PENETRATE

THE EXPRESSWAY LOOP

IMPROVED GENESEE AND CHURCH STREET CONNECTIONS TO AND FROM THE THRU
INCORPORATE

DOWN TOWN
AND
ISTING

EXPRESSWAY
THE

LOOPTHE
CONSIST STATE
LEG

SOUTHWEST OF THE

WAY
KENNZORE EXPRESSWAYIN
ADDITIONAL THE THE

SOUTH

OF

LOOP

WILL

CX
THE

CBD

AREA ONE

ELEVATED

SIXLANE

NEW YORK
EASTERLY

THRUWAY
BE

EXPRESSWAY ROUTE
THIS

KENMORE

EX
EN
THIS

NIAGARA SECTION
DEPRESSED

THE

WILL

PRESSWAY HAS RESULTED FROM THE NIAGARA
TRANSPORTATION ABLING
LEGISLATION

FRONTIER

ELMOAK
STREETS

EXPRESSWAY ROAD
IN

PARALLELED
AS

BY

STUDY
IS

ROUTE FOR WHICH
TO

ELM AND OAK
LANE

EACH IMPROVED

FOUR

EXPECTED

BE PASSED

44

WIDE ONEWAY SERVICE
WILL

THE ELMOAK
TWO STAGES THE

EXPRESSWAY
NECTIONS NORTHEAST

BE CONSTRUCTED

SURFACE ROADWAY IMPROVEMENTS
TO

AND THE RAMP CON EXPRESSWAY
TO THE

THE

KENSINGTON

YEAR MAY RUN DUE NORTH FROM THE END OF THE SKY WAY EXTENSION OR FROM THE WEST SIDE EXPRESSWAY AND PARALLEL TO ELMWOOD AVENUE AND RICHMOND AVENUE TOWARDS KENMORE AND TONAWANDA PRE
LIMINARY NOT DESIGN STUDIES OF THIS

WILL

BE CONSTRUCTED

OVER THE NEXT TWO OR

EXPRESSWAY HAVE
TRAFFIC

THREE YEARS

THE

DEPRESSED

EXPRESSWAY LANES AND
THE INTERSECTING
FIRST STREETS

BEEN PREPARED
IT

ALTHOUGH
THE

ASSIGNMENTS

THE SEVERAL BRIDGES CARRYING
WILL WILL

INDICATE
ELLED

WOULD BE ONE OF
THE BUFFALO

MOST HEAVILY

TRAY

BE

BUILT

THEREAFTER

THE
OR

PHASE PROBABLY
WITH THE

ROUTES IN

AREA THE

DESIGN OF THE

BE COMPLETED BY 1969

1970

SEC

WEST SIDE
COORDINATED

AND

KENMORE EXPRESSWAYS MUST BE

OND STAGE COMPLETED BY 1975

WHERE THESE TWO ROUTES INTERSECT

PARK

SON

LI

NEWAL

PROJ

TRAFFIC

FL

FIGURE

15

CHURCH

STREET

ARTERIALIN

ADDITION

TO THE

SKY
IS

WAY EXTENSION WHICH PENETRATES THE LOOP THERE
PLANNED AN
THE
ARTERIAL

IMPROVEMENT
SOUTHERN

THAT WILL

BISECT GIVE

CBD

IN

THE EASTWEST DIRECTION TO THE
IS

AND

WILL

IMPROVED
CORE

ACCESS THIS

PORTION

OF THE

AREA

THE

IMPROVEMENT

OF CHURCH

STREET AND THE CHURCH STREET

EXTENSION

FROM THE

THRUWAY TO
IMPROVEMENT
THE

THE

ELMOAK

EXPRESSWAY

THE

STREET

WILL

SERVE THE ERIE

COUNTY BUILDINGS

MAIN

PLACE

MALL PROJECT WITH THE ERIE COUNTY

BANK BUILDING AND THE NEW MANUFAC SAVINGS IT IS EXPECTED TURERS AND TRADERS BANK BUILDING TO BE COMPLETED BY 1968

PROPOSED CIRCULATION

FOR

DOWNTOWNNORTHAREA
FOR THE TO BEST

THE PROPOSED CIRCULATION PLAN TOWNNORTH AREA WAS DEVELOPED
MODATE THE
FIRST

DOWN
ACCOM
IS

STAGE RENEWAL PROJECT THAT

THE

SUBJECT OF THIS DESIRABLE PATTERN

STUDY

AND

AT IN

THE SAME TIME THE INTERNAL

ACHIEVE

IMPROVEMENTS
OF THE

CIRCULATION

DOWNTOWN AREA

CLOSING CLOSING
FIRST

OF

OL MAIN STREETTHE PLAN CALLS FOR MAIN STREET NORTH OF HURON STREET AS CREATING AN EXCLUSIVE PEDESTRIAN AREA

STEP IN

IN

THE RETAIL

CORE THE MAJOR FLOW OF NORTHSOUTH
CARRIED

TRAFFIC

NOW

BY MAIN
STREET

STREET WOULD BE

DI

VERTED ONTO PEARL INGTON STREET

SOUTHBOUND

AND

WASH
TO AC

NORTHBOUND THAT IS
AS

THE TWO STREETS

WOULD BE FUNCTIONING

ONEWAY PAIR

THESE TWO STREETS WILL COMPLISH THIS EFFECTIVELY NEED TO BE IMPROVED AND TWO NEW STREET CONNEC
TIONS WILL

BE NEEDED NEAR TUPPER WIDE
TO

STREET

THESE
ARE

THREELANE

DIAGONAL

STREET

CONNECTIONS

PROPOSED

SERVE AS THE TRANSITION
STREET

BETWEEN

TWO
STREET

WAY
PAIR

TRAFFIC

ON MAIN

AND THE ONEWAY

PEARLWASHINGTON
IS

ONEWAY PAIRPEARL

STREET

SOUTHBOUND ONEWAY STREET WITH PAVEMENT WIDTH OF 47 FEET IT IS ADEQUATE FOR THREE
ALREADY

WIDE MOVING

LANES

AND

STANDING

LANE OR FOUR

VERY GOOD MOVING LANES WITH STANDING PROHIBITED CURBTOCURB WASHINGTON STREET WHICH HAS WIDTH OF 42 FEET

DOES NOT HAVE ADEQUATE WIDTH MOVING LANES
ITS

46

FOR FOUR EFFECTIVE

DIRECTION

OF

FLOW MUST BE REVERSED FROM SOUTHBOUND TO NORTH

BOUND AND
OF GENESEE

IT

SHOULD BE WIDENED
TO

INITIALLY FEET

NORTH

STREET

WIDTH OF 48

BETWEEN
THE

CURBS
ISTING

THIS

CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED WITHOUT

EX

66FOOT WIDE RIGHTOFWAY THE WIDENING OF WASHINGTON STREET SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN CON
JUNCTION WITH TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NORTHBOUND CONNECTION

MAIN

STREET ALREADY DISCUSSED

BCLT

JA

IRS

ORES

SANIORN
TSR

COMPANY

TRAFFIC
ARRIVING
TRAFPIC 000

VOLUMES
000

DEPARTING
TRAFFIC

FIGURE

16

ELLICOTT

STREETWITH WASHINGTON
THAN STREET

STREET CARRY
TRAFFIC

VIDES

HIGHQUALITY

CROSSCONNECTION AND ACCESS

ING

NORTHBOUND RATHER

SOUTHBOUND

ROUTE BETWEEN THE NIAGARA

THRUWAY AND

BUFFALO

ELLICOTT INTO

TOO SHOULD BE REVERSED AND MADE

SKYWAY ON

THE WEST AND THE
IT
IS

ELMOAK

EXPRESSWAY

CREATE TWO PARALLEL
ELLICOTT

WOULD SOUTHBOUND ONEWAY STREET THIS SOUTHBOUND STREETS IE BOTH AND OAK STREETS
CARRY
DISTRICT LOCAL

ON THE EAST

STRONGLY
TO

RECOMMENDED THAT
URBAN
ARTERIAL
ITS

JOHNSON PARK BE ADDED SYSTEM
THEREBY ASSURING

THE STATE

HOWEVER

ELLICOTT

WOULD
THE

MEANS OF FINANCING
OVER THE

PRIMARILY BUSINESS

TRAFFIC

MOVING

WITHIN FOR

CONSTRUCTION

COST
BRIDGE

AND WOULD PROVIDE

AROUND

BY
SON

CONSTRUCTING

ELMOAK
IT

EX
BE

THEBLOCK

CIRCULATION

OAK

STREET

ON THE OTHER

PRESSWAY ALONG THE
TO MINIMIZE

ALIGNMENT

OF PROPOSED STREET

JOHN

HAND WOULD

SERVE LARGELY FOR

AS THE SOUTHBOUND COL TO AND FROM THE THAT WOULD

PARK RATHER THAN GENESEE
TRAFFIC

WILL

LECTORDISTRIBUTOR

RAMP TRAFFIC

POSSIBLE WEST OF

ON THE

LATTER

STREET

ELMOAK
PROVIDE

EXPRESSWAY

AN

ALTERNATIVE

OAK

STREET
TO

THE

PORTION

OF GENESEE STREET ULTIMATELY

INCREASED

CAPACITY

WOULD INVOLVE

WIDEN
IT

FROM HURON
CLOSED CLOSING
TO

PEARL
IN

STREET SHOULD CONJUNCTION

BE

ING THE PAVEMENT ON ELLLCOTT

STREET TO PERMIT

TO

TRAFFIC

WITH THE FUTURE

BE OPERATED JOHNSON
CLOSING OF ONTO PEARL

AS

TWOWAY
STREET

STREET TO THE

PARKIN

ADDITION

PROPOSED
OF TRAFFIC

MAIN

AND THE DIVERSION
IT IS

AND WASHINGTON STREETS

PROPOSED
ENTIRELY

ADDITIONAL SEGMENTS OF MAIN STREET HURON STREET OTHER PORTIONS OF GENESEE SHOULD THEN BE MADE ONEWAY IN AN EFFORT TO RE DUCE THE CONFUSION AND COMPLEXITY THAT NOW PRE OF SOUTH OF
VAILS AT

THAT THERE BE PROVIDED AN ADDITIONAL

AND
AS

SEVERAL MULTILEG INTERSECTIONS

ALONG

GENE

NEW EASTWEST

JOHNSON STREET DESIGNATED JOHNSON PARK THIS PARK AN EXTENSION OF EXISTING WOULD FURNISH NEW MEANS OF ACCESS INTO THE
NORTHERN PART OF THE

SEE STREET

DEPRESSION OF PEARL AND FRANKLIN RENEWAL PLAN
FOR

STREETSTHE
MALL

DOWNTOWNAREA AND MORE
CLOSURE OF

THE FIRSTSTAGE

PROJECT ENVISIONS AREA

OVER WOULD PERMIT

CHIPPEWA

STREET

BETWEEN GENESEE AND DELAWARE AND
OF THE IMPORTANCE OF GENESEE STREET

DEEMPHASIS 132FOOT
OF

SUPER BLOCK AND TWOLEVEL BOUNDED BY HURON STREET
ACHIEVE
THIS

PEDESTRIAN

DELAWARE
IN

AVENUE
ORDER TO OF TRAFFIC
IT IS

JOHNSON PARK AND WASHINGTON STREET

JOHNSON PARK

IS

PROPOSED TO HAVE
IN STREET

WIDE RIGHTOFWAY RESULTING
LANES PLUS

BOULE
LANE IN

AND YET MAINTAIN CONTINUITY FLOW ALONG PEARL AND FRANKLIN STREETS

REC

YARD PROPORTIONS THERE WOULD BE
STANDING LANE OR RIGHT
STREET

THREE MOVING

OMMENDED THAT
LOW THEIR
TO

THESE TWO STREETS

TURNING

PRESENT GRADE IN STREETS

BE DEPRESSED BE THE SECTION FROM HURON
ARE
TO

EACH DIRECTION
FOOT WIDE STORAGE

THE

WOULD HAVE

16 TO

20

NEW

BOTH

STREETS

BE

REBUILT

MALL

ADEQUATE FOR PROTECTED GENESEE
PASSING

LEFTTURN

WITH

BASIC

FOURLANE WIDE PAVEMENTS
MALL

UNDER THE

LANES

WHERE APPROPRIATE
STREET AT

JOHNSON PARK
STREET SOUTH OF

ENCLOSED PEDESTRIAN DEPRESSED SECTIONS

AREA

THE

GRADES ON THE
WILL

WOULD RUN
ACROSS THE

FROM ELM

OF THESE TWO STREETS

NOT

ELMOAK
CONNECTION

EXPRESSWAY
WITH

EXCEED FOUR PER CENT OTHER STREETS OF DOWNTOWNNORTH AREATHE
DIRECTION OF FLOW ON THE AREA REMAINING
STREETS IN

ST MICHAELS
ATER
AT

CHURCH AND THE SHEAS BUFFALO
EXISTING

THE
THE

TO

JOHNSON PARK

DELAWARE AVENUE BETWEEN DELAWARE AND ELMWOOD AVENUES
THE

DOWNTOWNNORTH
TIALLY

WOULD CONTINUE

SUBSTAN

TWO SEPARATE
SHOULD BUILDINGS BE

ROADWAYS OF EXISTING
THROUGH

JOHNSON PARK
OF THE

WIDENED AND

ACQUISITION LYING

PRIVATE

PROPERTY OF THE

BETWEEN

AS AT PRESENT HOWEVER GOODELLEDWARD WESTBOUND AND TUPPER EASTBOUND WILL BE COME THE SERVICE ROADS FOR THE WEST SIDE EXPRESS

THEM WHEN

48

KENMORE EXPRESS WAY AND THE WEST SIDE EXPRESSWAY BECOME CRYS TALLIZED PLANS SHOULD BE MADE TO CONNECT JOHNSON
THE DESIGN

WAY
STREET

THERE

WILL

BE

AN

ONRAMP FROM TUPPER
STREET

INTO THE KENSINGTON EXPRESSWAY NORTHEAST INTO

BOUND AND AN ONRAMP FROM EDWARD
THE WEST SIDE

PARK TO THESE TWO MAJOR HIGHWAYS THEREBY FURTHER
INCREASING
ITS

EXPRESSWAY WESTBOUND WESTBOUND
STREET

USEFULNESS IN

LETTING SIDES

IT

PROVIDE

ACCESS

WEST HURON WOULD REMAIN

FROM BOTH THE EAST AND WEST

OF THE EXPRESS

AND MOHAWK AN EASTBOUND STREET GENESEE STREET OPEN
ONLY

WAY LOOP IN MANY RESPECTS THE FUNCTION OF JOHNSON PARK IN THE DOWNTOWNNORTH AREA WILL BE SIMILAR TO
THAT OF THE PROPOSED CHURCH STREET ARTERIAL SOUTH END OF THE BUSINESS
DISTRICT IN

BETWEEN OAK

AND

HURON UNDER
WITH

THE

LONGERRANGE SCHEME COULD BE SOUTHWESTBOUND AND COMBINED
TO

MADE ONEWAY WEST HURON RE

THE

PERMIT

CLOCKWISE

CIRCULATION

AROUND THE

THE

LATTER

PRO

NEWAL PROJECT

TABLE

ADEQUACY OF STREET SYSTEM
DOWNTOWNNORTHRENEWAL PROJECT BUFFALO NEW YORK

PRESENT

ANTICIPATED
WITHOUT
PROJECT

1975

ADT

PROPOSED

NO OF MOV
STREET
NORTHSOUTH STREETS

WITH
PROJECT

NO OF
LANES

ADT

ING LANES

ELMWOOD
DELAWARE
FRANKLIN PEARL

15000 15000 9000

16000 18000 11000 9000 12000 9000 7000 12000 12000 26 106000 40000

18000 20000 13000 16000 18000 7000 15500 15500 123000 40000 163000
30

5000
15000 10000 9000 17000

MAIN
WASHINGTON
ELLICOTT

OAK ELM
SUBTOTAL

9000
104000

ELMOAK
EXPRESSWAY

EXPWY

TOTAL
AVERAGE VOLUME
PER LANE

104000

26

146000

304

EXPWY

4000

EAST WEST
CHIPPEWA

STREETS

HURON
GENESEE JOHNSON PARK

8000 5000 9000

11000 6500 11500

8000 26000

TOTAL
AVERAGE VOLUME
PER LANE

22000

29000

34000 3800

2750

49

AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC NOT EXPRESSWAY VOLUMES OR LANES LOCAL TRAFFIC ONLY

I1

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

TRAFFIC DISTRIBUTION IN
LAR

ORDER TO DETERMINE

THE IMPACT OF THE VEHICU

TRAFFIC

EXPECTED

TO
IT

BE GENERATED BY THE
TO

DOWN
TO THE

TOWNNORTH PROJECT
ASSIGNMENT FUTURE
STREET

WAS NECESSARY OF ARRIVING AND DEPARTING AND HIGHWAY PATTERN
ORIGINS OF PRESENT AVAILABLE
IN

MAKE AN

TRAFFIC

DOWNTOWN
THE
IT

BUFFALO
DISTRICT

THE
TRIPS

CENTRAL BUSINESS

WERE

FROM AND

NIAGARA WAS

FRONTIER

TRANSPORTATION
TRIPS TO

SUMED THAT
WILL

THE
ORIGIN

AS DOWNTOWNNORTHPROJECT
STUDY
PATTERN

HAVE

SIMILAR

ARRIVING

TRAFJICTHE

LARGEST

SINGLE

PROPORTION THE

TRAFFIC

IMPLICATIONS OF NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT
THE MAJOR
NORTH
AREA
IS

DOWNTOWN
THE

OF TRIPS

294

PER CENT WILL

ARRIVE VIA

KENSING
WILL

TON EXPRESSWAY SIDE

PRIOR TO COMPLETION OF THE WEST THE

EXPRESSWAY

ELMOAK
WILL

EXPRESSWAY
TO

RENEWAL

EFFORT

IN

DOWNTOWN
OF LARGE

CARRY

232
SINCE
INTO

PER CENT OF THE VEHICLES

THE PROJECT

PROPOSED TO CONSIST
SITE

ALTHOUGH CENT
TRAFFIC

ELM
IT

STREET

ACTUALLY CARRY
STREETS WILL

352

PER

BOUNDED BY NEW OAK GENESEE AND HURON STREETS AND DELAWARE AYE MIXEDUSE
PROJECT ON FLUE THIS THESE PROJECT AREA WILL PERIMETER
STREETS

SEVERAL

RADIAL
IT

FEED PROJECT

SINCE THE

MUST ALSO CARRY GENESEE
OVER THE

STREET

TRAFFIC

JOHNSON PARK BRIDGE
WILL

HAVE VEHICULAR
AS

ACCESS VIA ELLICOTT SINCE

ELMOAK
ALL

EXPRESSWAY
TRAFFIC

CARRY

392

PER CENT OF

WELL

AS

VIA

ARRIVING

WASHINGTON

PEARL

AND FRANKLIN

STREETS

JOHNSON PARK WEST OF DELAWARE
PER CENT OF ARRIVING
TRAFFIC

WILL

CARRY
STREET

THE LATTER TWO STREETS

ARE PROPOSED TO BE DEPRESSED LEVEL THEY WILL
TO

WASHINGTON

82 60
THE

BELOW
VENIENT

THEIR

PRESENT

PROVIDE

CON

PER CENT AND PEARL STREET NORTH THE

50

PER CENT

FROM

VEHICLE

ACCESS DIRECTLY

THE

LOWER PARK

ON MAIN AND

STREET SOUTH

DELAWARE AVENUE GENESEE AND

FROM

ING AND SERVICE LEVELS
TRAFFIC

NORTH
WILL

FRANKLIN AVAIL

STREETS

GENERATION
ABILITY

CARRY SMALLER PERCENTAGES WITH

OF THE

WEST SIDE

EXPRESSWAY THE

RELATIVE

TRAFFIC

GENERATION OF SQUARE

FIGURES

WERE DEVELOPED ON USES THE 1975

THE BASIS

FOOTAGE OF FLOOR AREA PROPOSED
FIGURES

ELMOAK EXPRESSWAY WOULD BE WHAT DECREASED WHILE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE
USE OF THE

SOME
TRAFFIC

TO BE DEVELOPED FOR VARIOUS ARE INTENDED PROJECT
IS

WOULD ARRIVE

VIA THE

PEARL

STREET

AND

THE

PROPOSED
OF

TO

REPRESENT

THE

YEAR

IN

WHICH THE

OFFRAMP FROM

WEST SIDE

EXPRESSWAY
DISTRIBUTION
IS

FULLY

COMPLETED AND TENANTED
TRAFFIC FIGURES ARE

DEPARTING TRAFFICTHE
IN AS

ULTIMATE

THE
MINED

ESTIMATED

BASED

PART DETER

TRAFFIC

DEPARTING OF ARRIVING
WILL

FROM THE PROJECT
TRAFFIC DIFFERENT

IDENTICAL

WITH

ON DATA FOR EXISTING BY
THE

STORES

AND BUILDINGS
FRONTIER FOR SIMILAR

THAT
TRAFFIC

HOWEVER

THE

OUTBOUND
PATTERN IN

NIAGARA
AS

TRANSPORTATION

HAVE

DISTRIBUTION

STUDY AS WELL

ON

FIGURES IN

DOWNTOWN
TOTAL

THE VICINITY OF

OF THE PROJECT DUE TO THE
STREETS

ARRANGEMENT

REDEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

OTHER CITIES THERE WILL

ONEWAY
IS

AND EXPRESSWAY RAMPS
OF EXISTING
TRAFFIC

AS 10000

INDICATED VEHICLE

IN

TABLE

BE

OF

MAJOR PROPORTION CENT EXPECTED
TO

433

PER

TRIPS

INTO AND AN EQUAL
TYPICAL

NUMBER OUT

USE JOHNSON PARK JUST
INTO

WEST OF PER

50

OF THE PROJECT ON

1975
TRAFFIC

WEEKDAY EIGHTY
WILL

OAK

STREET

DISPERSING

OAK
PER

STREET

299

FOUR PER CENT OF THE DAILY

BE GENERATED SPACE AND

CENT
STREET

GENESEE STREET

40

CENT

AND THE ELM EXPRESSWAY
CARRY

BY THE
THE

RETAIL

FLOOR

SPACE WHILE
THE

THE OFFICE

ONRAMP

TO

THE

KENSINGTON
WILL

HOTEL WILL
TRAFFIC

GENERATE

REMAINDER
WILL

THE MOST
DURING ESTI

94
PER

PER CENT

CENT

WASHINGTON STREET
PER CENT
AFTER

250
OF

CRITICAL

FLOW CONDITIONS

THE

PM PEAK
1800

PREVAIL

275

COMPLETION OF THE
TRAFFIC

HOUR OF
VEHICLES

TYPICAL WILL

WEEKDAY AN
THE ENTER PRIVATE
IT

WEST SIDE

EXPRESSWAY
WILL TO

OF

DEPARTING
INTO

MATED

LEAVE
WILL

PROJECT AND DURING

WHICH 20 PER CENT
STREET

TURN RIGHT

THE TUPPER

APPROXIMATELY
THAT PERIOD BILES

600

VEHICLES

ONRAMP
PER

THE
WILL

KENSINGTON
CONTINUE

EXPRESSWAY ON MAIN

MOST OF THEM BEING

AUTOMO

AND

50

CENT

NORTH

STREET

JOHNSON PARK
PARTING
TRAFFIC
IS

WILL

CARRY

134

PER CENT THE

OF

DE

TIME

USE WHILE
FOR
SITE

THE HOTEL REQUIRES

150

SPACES

FOR

109

PER CENT

WHEN

WEST SIDE

NORMAL FUNCTIONS FORE
IS

THE

TOTAL

REQUIREMENT

THERE

EXPRESSWAY PEARL AND
OF DEPARTING

AVAILABLE
WILL

ELMWOOD DELAWARE
PERCENTAGES

ELLICOTT TRAFFIC

CARRY SMALLER

THE
WITHIN

PARKING SPACES PLAN MAKES PROVISIONS FOR 2707

2950

SPACES

THE

DEVELOPMENT
IN

2455

WITHOUT THE PRESSWAY
IT

AVAILABILITY

OF THE WEST SIDE THAT DEPARTING

EX

SPACES

IN

STRUC
INDICAT
DEFICIT

TURES AND 252 ING SMALL

SURFACE PARKING
IN

AREAS
THIS

WAS ASSUMED

TRALIC

DEFICIT

ONSITE

PARKING

TO THE NIAGARA
LARGELY STREET

USE

THRUWAY NORTHWESTBOUND WOULD ELMWOOD AVENUE AND THE GENESEE
ALTHOUGH ARRIVING
TRAFFIC

CAN BE COMPENSATED READILY
PLUS IN
RECTLY

SPACES OPPOSITE

AVAILABLE THE

IN

HOWEVERBY THE SUR THE HURON RAMP DI
AND SURFACE PARKII
OF THE PROJECT TO THE

ONRAMP
USE

WOULD

PROJECT

PRIMARILY STREET

THE

ELMOAK

EXPRESSWAY

ELM

AREAS OUTSIDE

THE PERIPHERY

AND THE JOHNSON PARK BRIDGE ADEQUACY
TEST

NORTH AND EAST
IT

SHOULD ALSO BE POINTED
SPACES NEEDED

OUT THAT MOST OF THE SPACE DURING FOR

TRAFFIC

700
SYS
OF THE PROJECT NECESSARY TO
TRAFFIC

TO SERVE THE OFFICE

TO
TEM
IN

THE ADEQUACY OF THE PROPOSED STREET
IT IS

DAYTIME HOURS WOULD BECOME AVAILABLE
PER

SHOP
AND
TRANSIT

THE VICINITY THE

PARKING DURING

EVENINGS

ON SATURDAYS
RAPID

EVALUATE

COMBINED

VOLUME OF PROJECT
STREETS THIS

HOLIDAYS
SERVICE ALSO ING

THE

POSSIBILITY

OF FUTURE

AND OTHER
APPLYING

TRAFFIC

ON THE

WAS DONE BY
DISTRIBUTION
TRAFFIC

COULD SOMEWHAT LESSEN THE PEAK

PARK

THE

ARRIVING

AND DEPARTING
DAILY TRAFFIC

SPACE REQUIREMENTS

PERCENTAGES TO THE ANTICIPATED

TOTAL

OF
TO

10000

VEHICLES

THE
REFLECT

STREET

VOLUMES HAD

BE ADJUSTED TO AND THE
STREET

RAPID

TRANSIT

POTENTIAL

THE GENERAL INCREASE

TO 1975 OF

REDISTRIBUTION

DUE

TO

CLOSURE

MAIN
IN

RECENT YEARS HAVE SEEN

REAWAKENED

INTEREST

AND OPENING OF THE
ITS

ELMOAK

EXPRESSWAY

MODERN RAPID
AREA
IS

TRANSIT

IN

NUMEROUS METROPOLITAN OR OVER

WITH

SERVICE ROADS
LISTS

AREAS OF ONE MILLION

POPULATION

THE BUF

TABLE
STREETS IN

THE

NORTHSOUTH AND
OF THE PROJECT

EASTWEST
PRESENT
AS

FALO

NO EXCEPTION STUDY
IS

AND THE NIAGARA FRONTIER

THE VICINITY

GIVING

TRANSPORTATION FUTURE USEAGE

NOW

TESTING

THE POTENTIAL
TRANSIT

VOLUMES AND NUMBER OF MOVING LANES AS WELL
ESTIMATED

OF ALTERNATIVE

RAPID

SYSTEMS

1975

VOLUMES WITHOUT AND

AND WITH
THE

THE

AND NETWORKS

DOWNTOWNNORTH PROJECT
NUMBER OF MOVING LANES

PROPOSED

TO DATE
PARALLELING RESPECTIVELY

AT

LEAST

TWO

RAIL

RAPID

TRANSIT

ROUTES
STREET

DELAWARE AVENUE

AND

MAIN

THE
FOR

ANALYSIS LANES
AS

FOUR

INDICATE THE REQUIREMENT CLEARLY ON BOTH ELMWOOD AND DELAWARE AS ON PEARL

HAVE BEEN TESTED AND FOUND TO HAVE
USAGE
TO

ENOUGH THESE
SINGLE

1985 TWO

AVENUES
STREETS

WELL

AND

WASHINGTON
WILL

TRANSIT

LINES

WARRANT FURTHER STUDY WOULD CONVERGE INTO

FRANKLIN

AND

ELLICOTT

STREETS

REQUIRE

THREE LANES

EACH

WHILE

ELM AND OAK

WILL

NEED
OF THE

AND PRESUMABLY ENTER THE LINE SUBWAY UNDER MAIN STREET

CBD

IN

THREE TO FOUR LANES EACH

WITH THE PROVISION
PER
TO

THE MUCH MORE
THE BUFFALO

FAVORABLE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR

ELMOAK
UMES
IN

EXPRESSWAY THE AVERAGE 1975 WILL BE ABOUT EQUAL

LANE

VOL

CBD THAT
PROJECT

COULD RESULT AND
RELATED

FROM THE
PRIVATE THE

DOWN
INVEST

THE PRESENT

TOWNNORTH MENTS
TIAL

LEVELS EVEN WITH THE ADDED TRAFFIC

GENERATED WITH

BY THE
STREET

ALSO WOULD FAVORABLY
TRANSIT

INFLUENCE
TO

POTEN

DOWNTOWNNORTH PROJECT AND
CLOSED PACITY

MAIN

FOR THE TWO RAIL
IT IS

LINES

THE

NORTH AND

ON

THE

EASTWEST STREETS THE

ADDED

CA

NORTHWEST

POSSIBLE

THAT

THE

DOWNTOWN

OF JOHNSON PARK WILL
RELATIVELY
IS

LANE VOLUMES AT

KEEP THE AVERAGE PER LOW LEVEL EVEN THOUGH AND GENESEE
STREET IS

NORTH PROJECT CENTERED ON UPPER MAIN STREET COULD MEAN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SOMEWHAT
MARGINAL

CHIPPEWA MINIMIZED
PARKING IN

STREET

CLOSED

AND

FOR

THIS

TRANSIT TRULY SUCCESSFUL RAPID PLAN REASON THE DESIGN OF THE PROJECT SHOULD

BE SUCH THAT REQUIREMENTS
TO

FUTURE RAPID
STREET

TION UNDER
TRAFFIC

MAIN

TRANSIT SUBWAY AND STA COULD BE READILY INCORPO

ADDITION

THE

GENERATION THE

ESTIMATES REQUIRED
WILL

RATED

IF

NECESSARY PUBLIC
TO FINANCE

FINANCING

SHOULD

BE

FOR THE PROJECT

TABLE

ALSO GIVES

ARRANGED

THE ROUGH CONSTRUCTION

WORK PRO

NUMBER OF PARKING
REQUIRE

SPACES
SPACES

THE

RETAIL

SPACE

FOR THESE FACILITIES

PRIOR TO COMPLETION OF THE MALL

2100

PARKING

FOR WEEKDAY USAGE

POSED AIRCONDITIONED
STORE IN THE

AND MAJOR DEPARTMENT

THE

OFFICE

FUNCTIONS

WILL

NEED 700 SPACES FOR DAY

RIGHTOFWAY

OF PRESENT

MAIN

STREET

MARKET ANALYSIS
MARKET ANALYSIS

SUMMARY

OF THE FUTURE DEVELOP STORES OFFICES

MENT OPPORTUNITIES
THE

FOR RETAIL

AND HOTELS IN DOWNTOWN BUFFALO BASED ON DEVELOPMENT
PROPOSALS THE HEREIN

DE

SCRIBED INCLUDING RENEWAL PROJECT HAS BEEN PREPARED AS PART OF THIS STUDY BY THE REAL ESTATE CONSULT
ING FIRM OF

DOWNTOWN NORTH

LARRY

SMITH
IS

AND

COMPANY

THIS

MARKET

ANALYSIS

ATELY AS

TECHNICAL

SEPAR SUPPLEMENT TO THE RE

SUBMITTED

PORT

THE
OFFICE

PROJECTED

FUTURE

DEMANDS

FOR RETAIL

SPACE AND POTENTIAL RE BASED ON PRO JECTED GROWTH OF THE COMMUNITY THE NEED AND FOR REPLACEMENT OF OBSOLETE FACILITIES AND HOTEL QUIREMENTS FOR

NEW FACILITIES

THE SPECIFIC

DEVELOPMENT PROPOSALS
INTENDED

HEREIN

RECOMMENDED ARE NOT
CASTS IN

TO BE FORE
WILL

OF THE CONSTRUCTION
SPECIFIC

WHICH

OCCUR
ACTIONS

ANY

YEAR OR PERIOD

THE

OF

PRIVATE

LAND

OWNERS DEVELOPERS
AS WELL AS THE
WILL AFFECT

AND

MAJOR
TIMING

TENANTS

SCOPE AND
THE

OF RENEWAL ACTION

EX

TENT TO WHICH THIS ARE REALIZED

DEVELOPMENT PROJECTION

DOWNTOWN BUFFALOS
GIONAL PAST CENTER HAS BEEN

FUNCTION

AS

RE
THE

WEAKENED OVER

OF POPULATION

TWO DECADES BY THE SUBURBANIZATION AND THE RAPID GROWTH OF NEW
FACILITIES IN

COMMERCIAL

OUTLYING PROVIDING

AREAS
BETTER

EX
AC

TENSIVE REDEVELOPMENT

CESS ADEQUATE PARKING
PHYSICAL THE
FACILITIES WILL

AND ATTRACTIVE NEW

BE NECESSARY TO ALLOW
TO

DOWNTOWN CORE
AGAINST

POSITION

IMPROVE ITS FUTURE SUBURBAN COMPETITORS THE PROJECT WOULD
THE REVITALI

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
52 BE
ZATION OF THE

MAJOR FACTOR IN ACHIEVING

DOWNTOWNCORE

RETAIL

THE

MARKET

ANALYSIS

PROJECTS
IN

AN

IN

CREASE IN THE CORE FROM 99

DSTM SALES
MILLION

THE

DOWNTOWN

DOLLARS TO

1758 MIL

LION DOLLARS BY

1980

IF

AN AGGRESSIVE

REDE

MARKET FROM

205

IN

1965

TO

300

IN

VELOPMENT PROGRAM IS PURSUED INCLUDING THE DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT AS SET FORTH
IN THIS REPORT THIS
SALES IN
IS

1980
THAT THIS

IT

SHOULD BE EMPHASIZED HOWEVER ACHIEVEMENT CAN ONLY BE ACCOMP COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM WITHOUT THIS PROGRAM
WILL

AN INCREASE

IN

DSTM

LISHED THROUGH THIS OF REDEVELOPMENT

OF

768

MILLION

DOLLARS AND AN INCREASE OF THE METROPOLITAN

THE

DOWNTOWNSHARE

DOWNTOWNCORE
TINUE TO DECLINE
SALES

SALES

UNDOUBTEDLY 1954
TO

CON
THE

FROM

1963

RTXN7XLILRILMT
SDL KU
IWV
AL

NI

DECREASED APPROXIMATELY

OFFICES

WITHIN

THE

PRIVATE

OFFICE

THERE ARE GENERALLY SPEAKING DIFFERENT TYPES OF OFFICE

SPACE MARKET TWO DISTINCTLY

SINGLEPURPOSE PURPOSE
OFFICE

SPACE DEMAND AND MULTIPURPOSE SINGLE
GENERALLY ARE

BUILDINGS

OC

LARGE CUPIED BY ONE OR POSSIBLY TENANTS THE DEMAND FOR SUCH SPACE IS DIFFICULT TO FORECAST SINCE IT IS BASED ON IN DIVIDUAL DESIRABLE
TERS OR

SEVERAL

MANAGEMENT
LOCATIONS FOR

DECISIONS

CONCERNING

COMPANY HEADQUAR
BUILDINGS GENERALLY SMALL OF FIRM

MAJOR COMPANY BRANCH OFFICES
OFFICE

MULTIPURPOSE
ARE OCCUPIED BY

FIRMS
IS

NUMEROUS RELATIVELY THE DEMAND FOR THIS TYPE UPON
INDIVIDUAL
IS

NOT DEPENDENT

MAN
TO

AGEMENT DECISION

BUT RATHER

RELATED

GROWTH OF AREA IN GENERAL AND THE GROWTH OF
THE CENTRAL BUSINESS IN
FICE DISTRICT

IN

PARTICULAR THE

THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH

PROJECT

OF

SPACE ON THE SECOND LEVEL OF THE MALL IS BASED ON THE DEMAND FOR SPACE BY THESE
SMALL PROFESSIONAL OTHER

FIRMS

THE

OFFICE

TOW

ERS ON THE

HAND
THE LARGE

WOULD BE SINGLE
OF WHICH IS

PURPOSE BUILDINGS DEPENDENT UPON

DEMAND

OFFICESPACE

USERS

THEREFORE BE DEVELOPED IELOPED

THE SPACE OVER THE MALL SHOULD AS THE
OFFICE RETAIL

BUT THE

SPACE IS DE TOWERS SHOULD BE MAJOR TENANTS

DEVELOPED ONLY AFTER SPECIFIC HAVE EXPRESSED INTEREST
HOTELS

53

SOUVENIR BROCHURE COVER PAN AMERICAN
POSITION

EX

BUFFALO

1901

COURTESY OF AVERY

LIBRARY

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE

COLUMBIA

DE ANALYSIS INDICATES FOR MOTOR HOTEL FROM PROJECTION 200 TO 250 ROOMS WHICH COULD BE INCLUDED
THE
MARKET

MAND
IN THE

UNIVERSITY

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY

1966

SHARING

COSTS WHICH
ITS

THE CITY AS
IS

PRESENTLY

EN

JOYS DUE TO

DESIGNATION DESIGNATION

AREA
CITY THIRD CITY

IF

THIS

LOST

DEPRESSED AND THE

RETURNS TO THE

NORMAL TWOTHIRDONE CASH COST TO THE

FORMULA

THE DIRECT

WOULD BE APPROXIMATELY

FINANCIAL

ANALYSES SUMMARY

THE PRO JORMA BUDGET FOR PARTMENT OF URBAN RENEWAL
COMPLISHMENT
OF THE

THE CITY FOR

1150000 DE
THE

AC

DOWNTOWN NORTH

RE

NEWAL PROJECT INDICATES
COST WILL

THAT THE NET PROJECT

BE APPROXIMATELY
IS

31057000
REDUCED TO THE

URBAN RENEWAL
LIC

IS

PARTNERSHIP

OF

PUB
REDE
TO

THE

DIRECT LOCAL CASH COST

REDEVELOPMENT AGENCIES AND AND TO BE SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPERS VELOPMENT BOTH PARTIES
PROJECT

PRIVATE

FIGURES CITED

ABOVE BY THE SUBSTANTIAL

CASH CREDITS RECEIVED

FROM THE PLANNED

NON EX

MUST

BE ATTRACTIVE

PRESSWAY ACCESS ROADS RAMPS AND BRIDGES THE PARKING FACILITIES THE JOHNSON PARK EX TENSION TION
THE

THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
MUST PRESENT AN ATTRACTIVE FINANCIAL
TO THREE DIFFERENT PARTIES BUILD

PROJECT PICTURE

AND THE MAIN
TOTAL

STREET

CONNEC

THE DEVELOPER OF THE THE

4… FORMULA WOULD NOT
SHARE OF THE THE CITY

THE

VALUE

OF THESE CREDITS UNDER ONLY COVER THE

WHOWILL
PROJECT

THE TAXPAYING PORTION

LOCAL GIVE

PROJECT BUT WOULD ALSO

PROJECT THE CITY

WHICH MUST

INITIATE

APPROXIMATELY

166000
PROJ

THROUGH ITS DEPARTMENT OF URBAN RENEWAL AND THE PARKING BOARD WHICH
FACILITIES

CREDIT TOWARD OTHER FEDERALLY ASSISTED ECTS

MUST DEVELOP THE PARKING
THE PROJECT

WITHIN

TAX REVENUE THE
PROJECT AREA CURRENTLY RETURNS

670
REAL LOSS

DEVELOPER
PRELIMINARY

000
CASH FLOW SUNUNARY FOR THE
TATE

TO THE CITY

AND THE COUNTY IN
THE

ES
OF

TAXES

NOTWITHSTANDING

DEVELOPER OF THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
ON
CERTAIN

PROJECT LAND TO PUBLIC

PROJECTBASED
NICAL

WHICH ARE DESCRIBED

MORE FULLY

ASSUMPTIONS IN THE TECH

USES THE REMAINDER OF THE PROJECT AREA SHOULD RETURN

1380

000

IN

REAL ESTATE TAXES AFTER

IT

IS

FULLY

COM

SUPPLEMENT TO THIS REPORTINDICATES THAT THE CASH FLOW WOULD BE ABOUT

PLETED PARKING
FACILITIES

125
DOL

ON AN
LARS USUALLY

EQUITY

OF SLIGHTLY OF

OVER

MILLION

THIS

RATE

RETURNWHILE
REDEVELOPER

NOT

UN
HIGH

FINANCIAL

ANALYSIS INDICATES

OF

THE

PROPOSED

HIGHIS

PROBABLY

SUFFICIENTLY

PARKING

FACILITIES

THAT THE CAPITAL

TO ATTRACT

PRIVATE

COST SHOULD BE AMORTIZED ERATING COST WILL

AND THAT THE

OP

BE COVERED BY THE ANTICI
DIRECT

CITY

OF BUFFALO PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE URBAN

RE

NO PATED REVENUE BE REQUIRED SHOULD
FOR FURTHER
ALYSES
DETAILS

PUBLIC

SUBSIDY

NEWAL

DISPOSITION EXPENDITURES NONCASH CREDITS AND FEDERAL AND PROCEEDS STATE GRANTS INDICATES THAT THE DIRECT CASH PROJECT COST TO THE CITY

ON THE FINANCIAL

AN

THE TECHNICAL

SUPPLEMENT SHOULD BE

CONSULTED

200001

THIS

IS

WOULD BE APPROXIMATELY BASED ON THE THREEQUAR FORMULA FOR

TERONEQUARTER

FEDERALLOCAL

FOR NECESSARY
EXPENDITURES

IMPROVEMENTS

NOR ELIGIBL

AS

PROJECT

endstreamendobj

PROJECT

NO

MAIN

STREET

AND MALL

THIS PROJECT WHICH PRIMARILY
AREA BY THE REHABILITATION

TREATS

THE

OF EXISTING

BUILD

ING AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ATTRACTIVE EXCLUSIVELYPEDESTRIAN STREET MALL

ON

THE

MAIN
FROM
TO

RIGHTOFWAY
STREET THE THE
IS

SHOULD EXTEND
TO

HURON
INCLUDE

SOUTH
ENTIRE

CHURCH

STREET

PRIMAR
TREATMENT
IT

RETAIL OF WILL

AREA
EXISTING

WHILE

PRIMARY

BUILDINGS

REHABILITATION

UNDOUBT
IS

EDLY BE FOUND THAT SPOT CLEARANCE

NECES

SARY

PARTICULARLY

IN

THE

BLOCK BOUNDED
STREET

BY EAST GENESEE THIS MAJOR

MOHAWK STREET MAIN
AND

EAST

STREET WASHINGTON STREET BLOCK SHOULD HE REDEVELOPED FOR
RETAIL

STORE
TRADE

AS MAIN
WITH

RETAIL STREET
IS

CENTER

THE

EXISTING

BY COMPARISON THE POSTWAR SUBURBAN CENTERS THE
IS

OBSOLESCENT

SECOND PROJECT
TO TO

TO REHABILITATE
LEVEL

MAIN

STREET

COMPETITIVE STRENGTHEN

AS

RETAIL

CENTER AND

THE

CONNECTION BETWEEN THE
OFFICE

CONCENTRATION LARGE RETAIL

OF EXISTING

BUILDINGS

ESTABLISHMENTS AND MAIN PLACE

BELOW COURT STREET
CHANTS

AND

THE

DO
WITH FOR THIS

THE EXISTING

NIER

NORTH PROJECT

NORTH THEREOF

THE PRIME
56
FRONI

RETAIL

DOWNTOWNCORE EXTENDS
TO THE

THE CHURCH STREET ARTERIAL

PRO
AREA

POSED JOHNSON PARK ARTERIAL
MALL

AND REHABILI
ENTIRE

TATION SHOULD CARRY THROUGH THIS SPECIFIC PLANS

AND FOR THE
BUILDINGS
IT IS

REHABILITATION

OF THE EXISTING

ARE

MAIN
ISTING

STREET

MALL

PLAN AND SECTION
OVER

EX

BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THIS

STUDI

RECOIN

MENDED

THAT AN ADDITIONAL USING THE BEST

STUDY

BE

COM

BUILDINGS CANOPY AND MINIBUS MINIBUS ROUTE LANDSCAPED AREA

SIDEWALK ROUTE

MISSIONED

MERCHANDISING

AND DESIGN TALENT AVAILABLE
IF

TO PREPARE SPEC PROJECT THAT

PROJECTS SCRIBED

AND
PREVIOUSLY
IN

THE LAND USE PLAN DE
PROVIDES THE FRAMEWORK

IC

PLANS

FOR

REHABILITATION
ALL

WOULD INCLUDE NOT ALREADY

OF THE IN

RETAIL

CORE AREA

FOR DOING THIS
ALL

ACCORDANCE WITH THE OVER
THE CONTINUED USE OF THE SPOT

INCLUDED

MAIN

PLACE
OTHER

THE

PLAN

IT

SUGGESTS

DOWNTOWN NORTH PROJECT AND
BUILDINGS
ERS

NEW

DELAWARE AVENUE FOR OFFICES GRADE SOUTH OF
DENTIAL

SUCH AS MANUFACTURERS AND

TRAD

UP

HURON

AND FOR SOME RESI

TRUST

COMPANYS NEW

TOWER ON MAIN

USE NORTH OF JOHNSON

PARK
OF
ITS ITS

STREET

BETWEEN EAGLE AND NORTH DIVISION

DELAWARE

AVENUE BECAUSE
OF
ITSELF

SIZE

STREETS PROJECT

LOCATION AND THE CHARACTER

NO

PRESENT

IS

COMPOSITE OF IMPROVE

TENANTS

MENTS
RETAIL

BASIC

TO IMPROVING

MAIN

STREET AS OF VEHICLE

CENTER ARE

SEPARATION

TO BEING PRESTIGEOUS ADDRESS CORPORATE AND INSTITUTIONAL THIS SHOULD BE FOSTERED AND ENCOURAGED

LENDS

AND

PEDESTRIAN

CIRCULATION

WEATHER RENEWAL PROPER

THE

HEADQUARTERS OF
THE

NATIONAL

GYPSUM
THE PLUS GIVE

PROTECTION

FOR PEDESTRIAN

AND

OR REDEVELOPMENT TIES

OF DETERIORATED

XEROX BUILDING AND FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK

COMPANY
THE THE

PLANNED

FEDERAL

OFFICE

BUILDING

AVENUE
ARE

STRENGTH FOR THIS

ROLE FURTHER

NORTH
THERE

NEAR THE

WEST

SIDE

EXPRESSWAY
BUILDINGS OF THE BUFFALO

SEVERAL

NOTABLE

QUASIPUBLIC

CHARACTER NOTABLE
TRINITY

CLUB THE

THE

THE ASBURY

EPISCOPAL CHURCH AND METHODIST CHURCH

SECTION OF

MAIN

STREET FROM JOHNSON
IS

PARK TO THE WEST SIDE EXPRESSWAY

RECOIN

PROJECT NO REMAINDER OF STUDY AREA
REDEVELOPMENT
STUDY AREA OF THE REMAINDER
FIFTEEN

MENDED
SMALL

FOR

SECONDARY
OR SERVICE IN
THIS

RETAIL

TRADE

USE

OFFICE

BE APPROPRIATE
OF THE THESE

USAGE WOULD ALSO LOCATION BOTH OF TEND TO REINFORCE

RECOMMENDATIONS

MAY

BE

OR TWENTY YEARS
IS EXECUTION TIME TO MAKE CER

THE PRESENT PATTERN TION
IS

STRONG

RECOMMENDA

HENCE WHEN PROJECT
BUT
TAM
IT IS

NO

IN

MADE

POSSIBLE

AT THIS

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

WITH RESPECT
PORTION OF

HOUSING IN AND EAST OF DELAWARE
ING

AND UPPER INCOME THE AREA NORTH OF JOHNSON PARK

FOR MIDDLE

AVENUE

THIS

HOUS

TO THE

BALANCE OF THE AREA

THE

WOULD BE PRIMARILY

ONE AND TWO

BED

PROJECT

NO

WEST OF PEARL STREET AND SOUTH
REQUIRES ONLY SPOT TREAT

ROOM DWELLING UNITS THE PRESENCE
TAINMENT
FACILITIES

OF JOHNSON PARK

OF SEVERAL CHURCHES ENTER

MENT BECAUSE OF THE MANY STRONG EXISTING BUILDINGS
EAST

AND SHOPPING AND
WITHIN

EM
UR 57

THE

PORTION

OF PROJECT

NO

OF

WASHINGTON

STREET

AND

SOUTH OF NORTH OF

PLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES TANCE WOULD BE ATTRACTIVE BAN MARKET
IATELY

WALKING DIS
USES IINMED

TO THE ADULT

GENESEE

AS WELL AS THE
IS

PORTION FOR

WITH RESIDENTIAL
TO THE

JOHNSON PARK CORDANCE WITH
LAND USE AS
IT

APPROPRIATE

COMBIN
IN

ADJACENT THE

DOWNTOWNNORTH
FULLY

ATION OF REHABILITATION THE

AND
THE

CLEARANCE

AC
FOR

PROJECT
UTILIZED

FACILITY

WOULD BE MORE

RECOMMENDATIONS

AROUND THE CLOCK PARTICULARLY

ON
ONLY CORE

SHOWN ON

LAND USE PLAN

THE

MAY BE POSSIBLE TO REDEVELOP PORTIONS OF THE BALANCE OF THE STUDY AREA ON PRI
VATE BASIS
IN

WEEKENDS THE PROJECT WOULD NOT BE PART OF DOWNTOWN BUFFALOS RETAIL
BUT ALSO
RESIDENTS

COMMUNITY

CENTER

FOR NEARBY

ADVANCE OF THE COMPLETION OF

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

THE FEDERAL TION FOR

NEWAL

GOVERNMENT AN APPLICA GENERAL NEIGHBORHOOD RE PLAN TO INCLUDE THE ENTIRE THERE ARE TWO REA GENERAL NEIGH

DOWNTOWN AREA
SONS FOR INITIATING

BORHOOD RENEWAL PLAN FOR THE TOWN AREA
AT THIS

DOWN
CREDITS

TIME

TO

PRESERVE

NONCASH

AND THUS SAVE THE CITY ON SUCCEEDING
PROJECTS IN THE

MONEY

URBAN RENEWAL

DOWNTOWNAREA

TO

PLAN THE RENEWAL OF THE BAL

PROGRAM FOR REALIZATION
THE FIRST PHASE REDEVELOP MENT PROJECT
REALIZATION OF THE
FIRST

OF

ANCE OF THE DOWNTOWNAREA
OF

IE
TO

SOUTH OF COURT STREET AND WEST

ELMWOOD AVENUE

AND

STUDY OTHER ASPECTS OF THE OVER

PHASE REDEVELOP

ALL

RENEWAL PROBLEM WHICH WERE

MENT PROJECTTHE DOWNTOWNNORTH
NEWAL PROJECTWILL REQUIRE FIVE EFFORT OF BOTH PUBLIC AGENCIES
THE

RE

COOPERA
PRIVATE

BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THE PRESENT STUDY SUCH AS RELOCATION ADDITIONAL

AND

NONCASH

CREDITS FROM THE

LOCAL SHARE OF THE COST OF EXPRESSWAY TO ACCOMPLISH CONSTRUCTION

THE RECOMMENDED ACTION
THIS

ALONE WOULD AMOUNT TO

PROJECT

IS

AS FOLLOWS

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS AND
THE

FEDERAL

THE

FIRST

STEP IN

THE INITIATION

OF THIS

CREDITS
LION
IT

THESE GRANTS MATCHING COULD AMOUNT TO SEVERAL MIL

PROGRAM IS ITS REVIEW AND ADOPTION BY THE GREATER BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION WITHOUT THE UNIFIED

DOLLARS
IS

POSSIBLE

TO SUBMIT THE SURVEY

SUP
IT IS

AND

PLANNING

APPLICATION

FOR

THE

PORT OF THE BUSINESS

COMMUNITY

DOWNTOWN NORTH
TIME
ERAL

PROJECT AT THE SAME FOR THE

NOT LIKELY

TO SUCCEED OF

AS THE APPLICATION

GEN
BE

THE
ITS

BUFFALOACTING THROUGH DEPARTMENT OF URBAN RENEWAL
CITY

NEIGHBORHOOD
THIS

RENEWAL PLAN

CAUSE
BASIS
ECT

STUDY PROVIDES

SUFFICIENT
FIRST

SHOULD PREPARE AND SUBMIT SURVEY AND PLANNING APPLICATION FOR THIS PROJECT TO THE UNITED STATES DEPART

FOR THE PLANNING OF THE OF OVERALL

PROJ

AS PART

DOWNTOWN DE

VELOPMENT
IT

MENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOP MENT URBAN RENEWAL ADMINISTRA
TION APPROVAL OF THIS APPLICATION BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WILL MAKE
AVAILABLE

SHOULD BE NOTED HOWEVER THAT

THE

FIRST

PHASETHE DOWNTOWN NORTH

RENEWAL PROJECTDOES NOT REQUIRE GENERAL NEIGHBORHOOD RENEWAL PLAN
TO PRESERVE

AN ADVANCE OF FEDERAL FUNDS
SURVEYS

CREDITS

IF

THE SURVEY AND

FOR THE DETAILED

AND

PLANS

OF

PLANNING
IS

THE PROJECT AND WILL THE

SERVE TO PRESERVE

FILED

APPLICATION FOR THIS PROJECT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE THE
PRESERVED

NONCASH

CREDITS FROM PUBLIC

IM

CREDITS

BY

THE

GENERAL
WILL

PROVEMENTS

NEIGHBORHOOD
IT IS

RENEWAL PLAN
PROJECTS

AP

AT

THE SAME TIME

RECOMMENDED
TO

PLY

TO FUTURE

TO FOLLOW THE

THAT THE CITY

PREPARE AND SUBMIT

DOWNTOWN NORTH

RENEWAL PROJECT

COORDINATE

PLANNING

WITH THE
OF

NEW
AC CX
THE

YORK

STATE

DEPARTMENT
MODIFICATION

PUBLIC

WORKS SONIC
WILL

TO THE

CESS RAMPS AND BRIDGES

ALONG THE
TO
FIT

PRESSWA
CIRCULATION

HE REQUIRED PLAN
HEREIN

PRESENTED
INTER

THE

KENSINGTON
THE
IS

EXPRESSWAY PROPOSED

CHANGE

ELMOAK

DESIGNED EXPRESSWAY THAT THESE DESIGNS AND IT IS IMPORTANT
FIT

NOW BEING

WITH

THE

PROPOSED

CIRCULATION

PLAN
SEEK THE
EXTENSION
LEGISLATION

FOR THE PROPOSED

EX ARTERIAL KEN PRESSWAY ANDOR THE PROPOSED THE ELMOAK MIMORE EXPRC AY AND
THE

BCT

TO JOHNSON

PARKAS
WEST SIDE

AN

EXPRE
TIAL

PART OF THE STATES

HIGHWAY BUILDING PROGRAM THIS EX TENSION TO JOHNSON PARK IS AN ESSEN ELEMENT
IN

THE

REVITALIZATION

OF

DOWNTOWNBUFFALO AS
THE PROJECT ENTERS THE SURVEY

AND

PLANNING STAGES THE PARKING BOARD OF OF BUFFALO SHOULD TAKE STEPS THE CII
TO

OF THE PREPARE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT

REQUIRED

PARKING

FACILITIES

THE

GREATER

BUFFALO

DEVELOPMENT
CONTINUING

FOUNDATION
INTEREST IN

SHOULD TAKE
THIS

PROJECT

THROUGH

ITS

DOWNTO NORTH
COMMITTEE
SISTANCE
TO

RENEWAL
ADVICE

PROJECT

RENDERING THE CITY

AND AS
OF

DEPARTMENT

URBAN RENEWAL
AND CONTINUING

WHERE APPROPRIATE
PUBLIC

SUPPORT FOR THE

PROGRAM
IT
IS

ALSO

RECOMMENDED THAT
BOARD
REVISE

THE CITY

PLANNING

THE

CITYS 59

MASTER PLAN TO INCORPORATE THIS

THE MAJOR

ELEMENTS OF THE DOWNTOWN NORTH NEWAL PROJECT
THE ECT ACTION
WILL

RE
GIVE

NORTH DOWNTOWN
OFFICIAL

RENEWAL
WILL

PROJ
ALL

STATUS AND

ALERT

PARTIESPUBLIC CITYS
IZE
ITS

INTEMITION

AND PRIVATETO THE TO RENEW AND REVITAL

DOWNTOWNAREA

DOWNTOWNRENEWAL STUDY1966

DIFFERENCE

WILL

COST THE CITY
IS

APPROXIMATELY
QUESTION

MILLION

THERE

SOME
WILL

HOW

MUCH LONGER
DECLINE IN

THE CITY

BE DESIGNATED

REDEVELOPMENT AREA BECAUSE OF THE RECENT
THE RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT
IS

ON

WHICH THE DESIGNATION SECOND SAVING
ACTION CREDITS
WILL

BASED
FROM PROMPT
OF

TO THE CITY

BE THE PRESERVATION

NONCASH

FROM HIGHWAY

BEING PLANNED

NOW IMPROVEMENTS THE HOUSING ACT CREDITS
FACILITIES

RENEWAL PROJECTS WITH
LOCAL COST OF PUBLIC

PERCENTAGE OF THE BASED ON THE

PERCENTAGE OF BENEFIT FROM THE IMPROVE MENTS WHICH WILL ACCRUE TO THE PROJECT

LOCAL
ESTIMATED LOCAL

COST INCLUDES

THAT PORTION
IT

THE STATE AS WELL AS BY THE CITY FOR THIS

PAID BY HAS BEEN
ELIGIBLE

STUDY THAT THE

IE

STATE SHARE OF THE COST OF ACCESS

ROADS RAMPS AND BRIDGES OF THE PLANNED EXPRESSWAYS WHICH WILL SERVICE THE PROJECT
AREA WILL

BE APPROXIMATELY
IS

662000

TIMING

TIMING
PROMPT
THE CITY ACTION

CREDITS

IMPORTANT BECAUSE FOR THESE BE COUNTED TOWARD THE DOWN TO PROJECT THE SURVEY

TOWN NORTH RENEWAL BY
THE

FOUNDATION SUBMIT
FOR THE
WILL

AND

AND

TO PREPARE AND

SURVEY

MITTED

MUST BE SUB PLANNING APPLICATION AND APPROVED PRIOR TO THE START OF
OR THE

AND PLANNING

APPLICATION

DOWN
SAVE THE

CONSTRUCTION CATION THREE

LOAN AND GRANT APPLI
LATER

TOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT
CITY SUBSTANTIAL MILLION

MUST

BE

APPROVED NOT
AFTER

THAN

AMOUNT OF

MONEYPROB
CAPITALIZING AS

YEARS

THE

START

OF CONSTRUC

ABLY OVER

DOLLARSBY
AND BY
IN

TION ANOTHER IMPORTANT REASON FOR
THIS INITIATING

ON THE CITYS DEVELOPMENT

CURRENT DESIGNATION

RE
THE

AREA

UTILIZING

PROJECT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
IT

IS

THE NEED OF THE

NONCASH

CREDITS

INHERENT

THE

HIGHWAY

TO COORDINATE

WITH THE DESIGN

EX

IMPROVEMENTS PRELIMINARY

NOW BEING

PLANNED
INDICATE

PRESSWAYS
PROJECT
WILL

THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL
AFFECT

BUDGET THAT THE DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED
COST TO THE CITY

ESTIMATES

DOWNTOWN AREA

HIGHWAY PLANNING IN THE FOR TWO REASONS THE

WITH NEGLIGIBLE

CASH
IS

PROVIDED THAT THE PROJECT
BUFFALO
IS STILL

PROJECT WHEN COMPLETED WILL GENERATE CON SIDERABLY MORE TRAFFIC THAN WOULD OTHERWISE BE GENERATED FROM
PROJECT REQUIRES
THIS

60

INITIATED

WHILE

DESIGNATED THE PUBLIC

AREA
IN

AND

THE

REDEVELOPMENT

AREA

UNDER

CHANGES

THE LOCAL STREET

WORKS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

ACT OF

1965
BUTION CITY

WHICH PROVIDES
OF
ITS

FOR

FEDERAL CONTRI
IF

SYSTEM INTO WHICH EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC MUST FEED THE ELMOAK INTERCHANGE IS BEING DESIGNED
PUBLIC TO THIS
THEIR

THS OF NET PROJECT COST DESIGNATION
THE FEDERAL

THE

NOW AND

THE STATE DEPARTMENT
OFFICIAL

OF

LOSES

GOV
THIS

WORKS NEEDS AN
PROJECT

COMMITMENT
AS BASIS FOR

EMINENT AND
IN

WILL

PAY ONLY 235

OF THE NET COST PROJECT

BY THE CITY

THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH

HIGHWAY PLANS

TIMETABLE
REASONABLE THE GOAL FOR THE COMPLETION OF PROJECT PERIOD
IS

OF THE ENCLOSED

MALL MOST

OF THE PARKING
OFFICE

THE HOTEL AND MOST OF THE

SPACE IN

ONE PHYSICALLYINTEGRATED
BEST

STRUCTURE
IS

THE

DOWNTOWN NORTH RENEWAL

APPROXIMATELY

7‰

YEARS
ACTION

THIS

EX

WAY

TO HAVE

IT

DEVELOPED

TO PLACE

TENDS FROM THE INITIAL
CII

BY CITY

COUN
AS

THE RESPONSIBILITY

FOR ALL OF THE PRIVATE

DE

TO

THE

PREPARATION

OF THE

SURVEY AND

PLANNIIIG

THIS APPLICATION UNUSUAL DETERRENTS SUMES NO

TIMETABLE

SINGLE VELOPMENT IN THE HANDS OF SHOULD HAVE HAD THIS DEVELOPER OPER WITH COMPARABLE PROJECTS IN EXPERIENCE CLUDING
ALL THE

DEVEL

TO THE PROJECTS

ELEMENTS OF

COMPLETION SURVEY AND PLANNING
CITY

PREPARATION

OF

APPLICATION
CIIS

INCLUDING

COUN
SAME
TO

PING CENTER AND WITH THE NEWAL PROCESS HE SHOULD BE ADEQUATELY THE DEVELOPER SHOULD BE GIVEN FINANCED

SHOP FEDERAL URBAN RE
REGIONAL

SOME

FLEXIBILITY THIS

IN THE

WAY HE

REALIZES

THE

AUTHORIZATION

TO SUBMIT

MONTHS REVIEW
OF THE

PLAN SINCE
HIS

MAY

BE NECESSARY

TO SECURE

APPLICATION

BY

THE FEDERAL AGENCY AIID
TO

AUTHORIZATION

MAJOR TENANTS STANDARDS SHOULD BE SET AS TO THE TYPE AND INTENSITY OF THE DEVELOP WHICH WILL BE MENT AND FOR THE AMENITIES PROVIDED

UNDERTAKE DETAILED

PLANNING MONTHS AND AND

THE

PORTION

OF THE

PROJECT

ON

THE

EAST

PREPARATION PART

OF

DETAILED FOR

PLANS LOAII

SIDE OF WASHINGTON STREET NEED NOT BE BUILT

APPLICATION

GRANT
FEDERAL REVIEW
OF THE PART

12 MONTHS

BY THE SAME DEVELOPER IT CAN BE SEEN FROM THE ABOVE TIMETABLE
THAT THE SITE
WILL

NOT BE READY FOR DISPOSI
INITIA YEARS FROM THE

MONTHS FORMAL LOCAL REVIEW INCLUDING HEARINGS AND SUBNIISSION
APPLICATION
FOR

TION FOR ABOUT FIVE

PUBLIC

TION OF THE PROJECT BY CITY SPECIAL

COUNCIL

WHERE

OF PART

II

LOAN AND GRANT
MONTHS AND AUTHOR MONTHS DEMOLITION

PROBLEMS OCCUR
IT
IS

IT

MAY

TAKE

MUCH

LONGER MITMENT
THE CITY
LIVER

DIFFICULT

TO GET AN EFFECTIVE

COM
DE PE

FROM
IS

RESPONSIBLE POSITION WITHIN

DEVELOPER UNTIL
TO

FEDERAL
IZATION

REVIEW OF PART
TO ACQUIRE

II

IN

TO PROMISE

LAND

THE SITE
AT

REASONABLE TIME
IS

ACQUISITION RELOCATION AND DISPOSITION OF LAND

NOD AND
TION

KNOWN PRICE THERE
OF THE

NO NEED
THE
IT IS

24 MONTHS

TO INVOLVE

DEVELOPER PRIOR TO THE EXECU PROJECT PROVIDED AND REALISTIC SOPHISTICATED

PHASE
IS

SITE

IMPROVEMENTS
OF

DEVELOPERS PREP
CONSTRUCTION OF

PLANNING WITH
THE

ARATION BUILDINGS

PLANS

SUGGESTED THAT THE CITY
PROSPECTIVE

36 MONTHS
MONTHS

BEGIN NEGOTIATIONS DEVELOPER AT THE TIME OF APPLICATION
CITY FOR THAT THE TRY TO

SUBMISSION

OF PART II

TOTAL

YEARS

LOAN AND GRANT AND

COMPLETE CONTRACT NEGOTIATIONS VELOPER BY THE TIME THE SITE IS ACQUIRED

WITH THE

DE
IN

61

OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS
THE MAIN
COMPLEX
OF THE

THIS

WAY
THE

THE DEVELOPER CAN BE PREPARING HIS

PLANS

DURING RELOCATION AND DEMOLITION

DOWNTOWN

IN

MEANTIME

THE PROJECT PLANS ANALYSES HEREIN FOR

AND PRE

NORTH RENEWAL PROJECT EXTENDS FROM DELA THIS WARE AVENUE TO WASHINGTON STREET COMPLEX INCLUDES
ALL OF THE RETAIL

MARKET AND FINANCIAL
SENTED

PROVIDE

SOUND BASIS

STEPBY

SPACE

ALL

STEP ACTION

DESCRIBED

ABOVE

JOHN GRAHAM AND COMPANY
ARCHITECT PLANNERS ENGINEERS
SEATTLE

NEW YORK
JOHN

GRAHAM ALA
FOLIETT

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

WALTER

MANAGING ARCHITECT JOHNSON ALA ASSOC ALP
DIRECTOR OF PLANNING PROJECT PLANNER

ALA

JOHN BOOGAERTS JR RAINON ROBERT PLAYFAIRSMITH

PLANNER

BARR

URBAN RENEWAL SPECIALIST

TRANSPORTATION WILBUR
BENEDICT

ENGINEERS

SMITH AND ASSOCLATES
ASSOCIATE IN CHARGE
ASSOCIATE

PAUL CONRAD BARKAN

REAL ESTATE CONSULTANTS LARRY
EDWARD

SMITH
SCHAFFNIT

COMPANY
DIVISION SENIOR

EVERETT STEICHEN

MANAGER
ASSOCIATE

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JOHN GRAHAM CDMPANYARCHITECTSPLANNERSFNGINERT

LARRY SMITH COMPANY WILBUR SMITH IASSDCIATES

REAL ESTATE CONSULTANTS

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERS

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