the need for a renewable energy source that will not harm the environment has never been greater. such as fossil fuels. Although more conventional sources of energy. Some projections indicate that the global energy demand will almost triple by 2050. converting sunlight directly into electricity with no moving parts and no harmful pollution. PV systems are used in a great variety of applications.
. Using photovoltaic (PV) cells is one way to meet the need. are still satisfying the majority of the world·s energy demand.
As energy demands around the world increase.
. airports. the batteries. at the same time. park areas or parking spaces. needed for days when the sun doesn·t shine. producing considerable economic and environmental savings. Careful consideration has to be given. to the kind of solar panels to be employed. docks and similar areas or. Solar street lighting can be used not only on streets. boulevards and highways but can also provide costeffective. indeed.
Solar street lights can deliver that much-desired outcome and offer an exceptional lighting program whilst. environmentally friendly lighting for both military and civilian security installations.Light Emitting Diodes. for example. for whole communities. and the kind of electronic circuitry to be utilized in the solar charger controller and the back up system. the lamps or LEDs .
The concept is straight forward and we shall see more countries migrating this way.
Solar powered street lights are a very good example on what can be done with solar energy. Asia and the Middle East. A growing number of solar street lighting projects are running in Africa.
sub-stations or feeder pillars required Charge controller/regulator protects batteries against total discharge and over charging Maintenance free batteries used for safe and easy shipment Fully assembled with or without pole option available
Powered fully by the sun Automatic dusk to dawn operation Stand-alone system .no cabling.
the working voltage and power of solar module is falling at the same time. The solar panel converts the sun's energy to dc electricity.
The working principle of solar street light is as follow : The optical effect of solar module generating electricity when the sun shining on the solar module surface. A solar controller protects the battery from too low and over charge. then the lead carried electricity to the controller.
. The sun light wearing off in the night. Voltage is then regulated to a specific value by an electronic circuit to charge the battery.
This process will not stop until the solar module voltage bigger than the controller set voltage. solar lights usually can work as many as 15 hours. When fully charged.
. It is a consecutive circling which is the working principle of light controlling. even if the sun isn·t shining.
Finally the working voltage will lower than the charging electricity voltage which has set by controller. So the solar battery stop charging and start discharging electricity.
Some are even designed unbreakable (vandal proof).
Solar Panel Its task is to convert the sun's energy into electricity. They have to be carefully chosen for the desired application. Solar panels should be able to withhold and deliver in extreme weather conditions.
. others will work well in overcast weather. Different sizes and power outputs are available.
Automatic lighting can be triggered by a photocell or a timer.
Solar Controller The basic circuitry on most solar powered street lights consists essentially of an automatic battery charger fed by the solar panel and a lighting controller automated for dusk to dawn operation.
A good photovoltaic cell controller should have the battery charge and discharge control. under different irradiation and different temperatures. over discharge protection. reverse polarity protection and other protection features and automatic switching and time adjustment function. These will ensure reliable operation of the system with maximum output power efficiently. short circuit protection. temperature control. maximum power tracking and overcharge protection.
. high discharge rate. usually chooses maintenance-free lead-acid batteries. stability. no need of adding water. In addition to providing energy for dusk to dawn operation. they must also be able to supply few days of backup power in case of bad weather or charger failure.Battery Solar photovoltaic lighting systems. life expectancy of this new battery is generally 5-7 years. simple installation. With the whole sealing.
LEDs consume a fraction of the energy of comparable lighting and have a very long life span. mainly LPS and MH: a) LPS (Low Pressure Sodium) lamps generate a monochromatic yellow-orange light and are used when color rendering is not an issue. LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) also known as SSL (solid-state lighting) have a good color rendition.
Lamps The choice of lamps to use in solar powered street lights is dictated by the kind of application we're after:
1. b) MH (Metal Halide) lamps produce a clean white light and are perfect for applications where color rendering is essential. 3. They have a lifespan of up to 18. CF (Compact Fluorescent) lamps produce a white light and are used in places where color rendering is desired. 2. HID (High Intensity Discharge) lamps.
Outdoor solar lights are affordable Solar energy is free Easy and quick installation Virtually no cost to operate No road works or wiring required Safe and reliable function Minimum running cost and maintenance
behind house. This will add the cost to the solar street light. for example. under tree. that means put the solar panel at the highest place of lamp pole. and the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment often changed.
The limit of climate and geography . the frequent replacement which increase the using cost.Solar
street light can not be installed anywhere even there is good sunshine.
High cost .
Rated life of parts .We install the battery under
ground or lamp pole which takes wicked conditions to battery. and we often put the solar panel at high place. or near big building.
.The cost of solar street light will increase
30%-60% for their solar panel and battery.