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are still satisfying the majority of the world·s energy demand. converting sunlight directly into electricity with no moving parts and no harmful pollution. Using photovoltaic (PV) cells is one way to meet the need. Some projections indicate that the global energy demand will almost triple by 2050. As energy demands around the world increase. such as fossil fuels. Although more conventional sources of energy. the need for a renewable energy source that will not harm the environment has never been greater. PV systems are used in a great variety of applications. .
needed for days when the sun doesn·t shine. the batteries. and the kind of electronic circuitry to be utilized in the solar charger controller and the back up system. Solar street lighting can be used not only on streets. indeed. to the kind of solar panels to be employed. park areas or parking spaces. . for example. airports. the lamps or LEDs . docks and similar areas or. boulevards and highways but can also provide costeffective.Light Emitting Diodes. at the same time. Solar street lights can deliver that much-desired outcome and offer an exceptional lighting program whilst. environmentally friendly lighting for both military and civilian security installations. producing considerable economic and environmental savings. Careful consideration has to be given. for whole communities.
The concept is straight forward and we shall see more countries migrating this way. Asia and the Middle East. Solar powered street lights are a very good example on what can be done with solar energy. . A growing number of solar street lighting projects are running in Africa.
sub-stations or feeder pillars required Charge controller/regulator protects batteries against total discharge and over charging Maintenance free batteries used for safe and easy shipment Fully assembled with or without pole option available . Powered fully by the sun Automatic dusk to dawn operation Stand-alone system .no cabling.
the working voltage and power of solar module is falling at the same time. The sun light wearing off in the night. Voltage is then regulated to a specific value by an electronic circuit to charge the battery. The solar panel converts the sun's energy to dc electricity. then the lead carried electricity to the controller. A solar controller protects the battery from too low and over charge. The working principle of solar street light is as follow : The optical effect of solar module generating electricity when the sun shining on the solar module surface. .
even if the sun isn·t shining. . Finally the working voltage will lower than the charging electricity voltage which has set by controller. solar lights usually can work as many as 15 hours. It is a consecutive circling which is the working principle of light controlling. This process will not stop until the solar module voltage bigger than the controller set voltage. When fully charged. So the solar battery stop charging and start discharging electricity.
others will work well in overcast weather. Different sizes and power outputs are available. . Some are even designed unbreakable (vandal proof). Solar panels should be able to withhold and deliver in extreme weather conditions. Solar Panel Its task is to convert the sun's energy into electricity. They have to be carefully chosen for the desired application.
Solar Controller The basic circuitry on most solar powered street lights consists essentially of an automatic battery charger fed by the solar panel and a lighting controller automated for dusk to dawn operation. . Automatic lighting can be triggered by a photocell or a timer.
reverse polarity protection and other protection features and automatic switching and time adjustment function. short circuit protection. temperature control. maximum power tracking and overcharge protection. These will ensure reliable operation of the system with maximum output power efficiently. A good photovoltaic cell controller should have the battery charge and discharge control. over discharge protection. under different irradiation and different temperatures. .
life expectancy of this new battery is generally 5-7 years. simple installation. usually chooses maintenance-free lead-acid batteries. . they must also be able to supply few days of backup power in case of bad weather or charger failure.Battery Solar photovoltaic lighting systems. no need of adding water. In addition to providing energy for dusk to dawn operation. high discharge rate. stability. With the whole sealing.
CF (Compact Fluorescent) lamps produce a white light and are used in places where color rendering is desired. LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) also known as SSL (solid-state lighting) have a good color rendition. 2. LEDs consume a fraction of the energy of comparable lighting and have a very long life span. . mainly LPS and MH: a) LPS (Low Pressure Sodium) lamps generate a monochromatic yellow-orange light and are used when color rendering is not an issue. b) MH (Metal Halide) lamps produce a clean white light and are perfect for applications where color rendering is essential. They have a lifespan of up to 18. 3. Lamps The choice of lamps to use in solar powered street lights is dictated by the kind of application we're after: 1.000 hours. HID (High Intensity Discharge) lamps.
ADVANTAGES Outdoor solar lights are affordable Solar energy is free Easy and quick installation Virtually no cost to operate No road works or wiring required Safe and reliable function Minimum running cost and maintenance .
the frequent replacement which increase the using cost. for example. behind house. under tree. and the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment often changed.The cost of solar street light will increase 30%-60% for their solar panel and battery. The limit of climate and geography .Solar street light can not be installed anywhere even there is good sunshine. High cost . .We install the battery under ground or lamp pole which takes wicked conditions to battery. Rated life of parts . This will add the cost to the solar street light. or near big building. and we often put the solar panel at high place. that means put the solar panel at the highest place of lamp pole.