€ As energy demands around the world increase. PV systems are used in a great variety of applications. Using photovoltaic (PV) cells is one way to meet the need. Some projections indicate that the global energy demand will almost triple by 2050. Although more conventional sources of energy. the need for a renewable energy source that will not harm the environment has never been greater. € € . are still satisfying the majority of the world·s energy demand. converting sunlight directly into electricity with no moving parts and no harmful pollution. such as fossil fuels.

Light Emitting Diodes. producing considerable economic and environmental savings. needed for days when the sun doesn·t shine. boulevards and highways but can also provide costeffective. airports.€ Solar street lights can deliver that much-desired outcome and offer an exceptional lighting program whilst. for example. € € . environmentally friendly lighting for both military and civilian security installations. park areas or parking spaces. the batteries. the lamps or LEDs . Solar street lighting can be used not only on streets. Careful consideration has to be given. at the same time. to the kind of solar panels to be employed. and the kind of electronic circuitry to be utilized in the solar charger controller and the back up system. docks and similar areas or. indeed. for whole communities.

A growing number of solar street lighting projects are running in Africa. Asia and the Middle East. The concept is straight forward and we shall see more countries migrating this way. € .€ Solar powered street lights are a very good example on what can be done with solar energy.

€ € € € € € Powered fully by the sun Automatic dusk to dawn operation Stand-alone system . sub-stations or feeder pillars required Charge controller/regulator protects batteries against total discharge and over charging Maintenance free batteries used for safe and easy shipment Fully assembled with or without pole option available .no cabling.

The solar panel converts the sun's energy to dc electricity. Voltage is then regulated to a specific value by an electronic circuit to charge the battery. The sun light wearing off in the night. A solar controller protects the battery from too low and over charge. then the lead carried electricity to the controller.€ The working principle of solar street light is as follow : The optical effect of solar module generating electricity when the sun shining on the solar module surface. the working voltage and power of solar module is falling at the same time. € € .

€ Finally the working voltage will lower than the charging electricity voltage which has set by controller. even if the sun isn·t shining. It is a consecutive circling which is the working principle of light controlling. . solar lights usually can work as many as 15 hours. When fully charged. So the solar battery stop charging and start discharging electricity. € This process will not stop until the solar module voltage bigger than the controller set voltage.

€ € Solar Panel Its task is to convert the sun's energy into electricity. others will work well in overcast weather. Some are even designed unbreakable (vandal proof). They have to be carefully chosen for the desired application. Solar panels should be able to withhold and deliver in extreme weather conditions. . Different sizes and power outputs are available.

€ € Solar Controller The basic circuitry on most solar powered street lights consists essentially of an automatic battery charger fed by the solar panel and a lighting controller automated for dusk to dawn operation. Automatic lighting can be triggered by a photocell or a timer. .

€ .€ A good photovoltaic cell controller should have the battery charge and discharge control. maximum power tracking and overcharge protection. over discharge protection. These will ensure reliable operation of the system with maximum output power efficiently. short circuit protection. temperature control. under different irradiation and different temperatures. reverse polarity protection and other protection features and automatic switching and time adjustment function.

€ . simple installation. € In addition to providing energy for dusk to dawn operation. they must also be able to supply few days of backup power in case of bad weather or charger failure. no need of adding water. stability.Battery € Solar photovoltaic lighting systems. life expectancy of this new battery is generally 5-7 years. high discharge rate. usually chooses maintenance-free lead-acid batteries. With the whole sealing.

3.000 hours. . mainly LPS and MH: a) LPS (Low Pressure Sodium) lamps generate a monochromatic yellow-orange light and are used when color rendering is not an issue.€ € Lamps The choice of lamps to use in solar powered street lights is dictated by the kind of application we're after: 1. 2. CF (Compact Fluorescent) lamps produce a white light and are used in places where color rendering is desired. HID (High Intensity Discharge) lamps. LEDs consume a fraction of the energy of comparable lighting and have a very long life span. LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) also known as SSL (solid-state lighting) have a good color rendition. b) MH (Metal Halide) lamps produce a clean white light and are perfect for applications where color rendering is essential. They have a lifespan of up to 18.

ADVANTAGES € € € € € € € Outdoor solar lights are affordable Solar energy is free Easy and quick installation Virtually no cost to operate No road works or wiring required Safe and reliable function Minimum running cost and maintenance .

and the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment often changed.The cost of solar street light will increase 30%-60% for their solar panel and battery. the frequent replacement which increase the using cost.€ High cost . € Rated life of parts .Solar street light can not be installed anywhere even there is good sunshine. and we often put the solar panel at high place.We install the battery under ground or lamp pole which takes wicked conditions to battery. € The limit of climate and geography . behind house. or near big building. This will add the cost to the solar street light. under tree. for example. that means put the solar panel at the highest place of lamp pole. .

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