such as fossil fuels. are still satisfying the majority of the world·s energy demand. converting sunlight directly into electricity with no moving parts and no harmful pollution. Using photovoltaic (PV) cells is one way to meet the need. € € .€ As energy demands around the world increase. Although more conventional sources of energy. Some projections indicate that the global energy demand will almost triple by 2050. PV systems are used in a great variety of applications. the need for a renewable energy source that will not harm the environment has never been greater.

for whole communities. Careful consideration has to be given. Solar street lighting can be used not only on streets. park areas or parking spaces.€ Solar street lights can deliver that much-desired outcome and offer an exceptional lighting program whilst. € € . airports.Light Emitting Diodes. and the kind of electronic circuitry to be utilized in the solar charger controller and the back up system. the lamps or LEDs . the batteries. at the same time. to the kind of solar panels to be employed. producing considerable economic and environmental savings. indeed. boulevards and highways but can also provide costeffective. environmentally friendly lighting for both military and civilian security installations. for example. docks and similar areas or. needed for days when the sun doesn·t shine.

€ . A growing number of solar street lighting projects are running in Africa.€ Solar powered street lights are a very good example on what can be done with solar energy. The concept is straight forward and we shall see more countries migrating this way. Asia and the Middle East.

€ € € € € € Powered fully by the sun Automatic dusk to dawn operation Stand-alone system . sub-stations or feeder pillars required Charge controller/regulator protects batteries against total discharge and over charging Maintenance free batteries used for safe and easy shipment Fully assembled with or without pole option available .no cabling.

the working voltage and power of solar module is falling at the same time. then the lead carried electricity to the controller. € € . Voltage is then regulated to a specific value by an electronic circuit to charge the battery. A solar controller protects the battery from too low and over charge. The sun light wearing off in the night. The solar panel converts the sun's energy to dc electricity.€ The working principle of solar street light is as follow : The optical effect of solar module generating electricity when the sun shining on the solar module surface.

So the solar battery stop charging and start discharging electricity. solar lights usually can work as many as 15 hours. When fully charged. € This process will not stop until the solar module voltage bigger than the controller set voltage. even if the sun isn·t shining. It is a consecutive circling which is the working principle of light controlling.€ Finally the working voltage will lower than the charging electricity voltage which has set by controller. .

€ € Solar Panel Its task is to convert the sun's energy into electricity. Different sizes and power outputs are available. Some are even designed unbreakable (vandal proof). . others will work well in overcast weather. Solar panels should be able to withhold and deliver in extreme weather conditions. They have to be carefully chosen for the desired application.

.€ € Solar Controller The basic circuitry on most solar powered street lights consists essentially of an automatic battery charger fed by the solar panel and a lighting controller automated for dusk to dawn operation. Automatic lighting can be triggered by a photocell or a timer.

reverse polarity protection and other protection features and automatic switching and time adjustment function. short circuit protection. maximum power tracking and overcharge protection. over discharge protection. € . temperature control.€ A good photovoltaic cell controller should have the battery charge and discharge control. under different irradiation and different temperatures. These will ensure reliable operation of the system with maximum output power efficiently.

€ In addition to providing energy for dusk to dawn operation. life expectancy of this new battery is generally 5-7 years. simple installation.Battery € Solar photovoltaic lighting systems. no need of adding water. usually chooses maintenance-free lead-acid batteries. With the whole sealing. € . stability. they must also be able to supply few days of backup power in case of bad weather or charger failure. high discharge rate.

HID (High Intensity Discharge) lamps.000 hours. They have a lifespan of up to 18. b) MH (Metal Halide) lamps produce a clean white light and are perfect for applications where color rendering is essential. 2. CF (Compact Fluorescent) lamps produce a white light and are used in places where color rendering is desired. LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) also known as SSL (solid-state lighting) have a good color rendition. . LEDs consume a fraction of the energy of comparable lighting and have a very long life span. 3. mainly LPS and MH: a) LPS (Low Pressure Sodium) lamps generate a monochromatic yellow-orange light and are used when color rendering is not an issue.€ € Lamps The choice of lamps to use in solar powered street lights is dictated by the kind of application we're after: 1.

ADVANTAGES € € € € € € € Outdoor solar lights are affordable Solar energy is free Easy and quick installation Virtually no cost to operate No road works or wiring required Safe and reliable function Minimum running cost and maintenance .

We install the battery under ground or lamp pole which takes wicked conditions to battery. and the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment often changed. € Rated life of parts . € The limit of climate and geography . under tree. the frequent replacement which increase the using cost.Solar street light can not be installed anywhere even there is good sunshine. for example. This will add the cost to the solar street light. .€ High cost . behind house. or near big building. that means put the solar panel at the highest place of lamp pole.The cost of solar street light will increase 30%-60% for their solar panel and battery. and we often put the solar panel at high place.

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