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Publicado porRadhia Reza Refdzi

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Published by: Radhia Reza Refdzi on Jan 17, 2011
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€ As energy demands around the world increase. € € . converting sunlight directly into electricity with no moving parts and no harmful pollution. the need for a renewable energy source that will not harm the environment has never been greater. Although more conventional sources of energy. PV systems are used in a great variety of applications. Using photovoltaic (PV) cells is one way to meet the need. Some projections indicate that the global energy demand will almost triple by 2050. are still satisfying the majority of the world·s energy demand. such as fossil fuels.

producing considerable economic and environmental savings. park areas or parking spaces. € € . airports. docks and similar areas or. to the kind of solar panels to be employed. Careful consideration has to be given. at the same time. indeed. the batteries. environmentally friendly lighting for both military and civilian security installations. needed for days when the sun doesn·t shine.€ Solar street lights can deliver that much-desired outcome and offer an exceptional lighting program whilst. for example. Solar street lighting can be used not only on streets. for whole communities. the lamps or LEDs .Light Emitting Diodes. and the kind of electronic circuitry to be utilized in the solar charger controller and the back up system. boulevards and highways but can also provide costeffective.

€ . The concept is straight forward and we shall see more countries migrating this way. Asia and the Middle East.€ Solar powered street lights are a very good example on what can be done with solar energy. A growing number of solar street lighting projects are running in Africa.

no cabling. sub-stations or feeder pillars required Charge controller/regulator protects batteries against total discharge and over charging Maintenance free batteries used for safe and easy shipment Fully assembled with or without pole option available .€ € € € € € Powered fully by the sun Automatic dusk to dawn operation Stand-alone system .

Voltage is then regulated to a specific value by an electronic circuit to charge the battery.€ The working principle of solar street light is as follow : The optical effect of solar module generating electricity when the sun shining on the solar module surface. the working voltage and power of solar module is falling at the same time. then the lead carried electricity to the controller. A solar controller protects the battery from too low and over charge. The sun light wearing off in the night. € € . The solar panel converts the sun's energy to dc electricity.

It is a consecutive circling which is the working principle of light controlling. .€ Finally the working voltage will lower than the charging electricity voltage which has set by controller. even if the sun isn·t shining. When fully charged. So the solar battery stop charging and start discharging electricity. € This process will not stop until the solar module voltage bigger than the controller set voltage. solar lights usually can work as many as 15 hours.

They have to be carefully chosen for the desired application. . others will work well in overcast weather. Solar panels should be able to withhold and deliver in extreme weather conditions. Different sizes and power outputs are available.€ € Solar Panel Its task is to convert the sun's energy into electricity. Some are even designed unbreakable (vandal proof).

Automatic lighting can be triggered by a photocell or a timer. .€ € Solar Controller The basic circuitry on most solar powered street lights consists essentially of an automatic battery charger fed by the solar panel and a lighting controller automated for dusk to dawn operation.

€ A good photovoltaic cell controller should have the battery charge and discharge control. These will ensure reliable operation of the system with maximum output power efficiently. short circuit protection. reverse polarity protection and other protection features and automatic switching and time adjustment function. maximum power tracking and overcharge protection. temperature control. over discharge protection. € . under different irradiation and different temperatures.

they must also be able to supply few days of backup power in case of bad weather or charger failure. no need of adding water. € In addition to providing energy for dusk to dawn operation. With the whole sealing. € . simple installation. life expectancy of this new battery is generally 5-7 years. usually chooses maintenance-free lead-acid batteries. high discharge rate.Battery € Solar photovoltaic lighting systems. stability.

2. b) MH (Metal Halide) lamps produce a clean white light and are perfect for applications where color rendering is essential. mainly LPS and MH: a) LPS (Low Pressure Sodium) lamps generate a monochromatic yellow-orange light and are used when color rendering is not an issue. 3. LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) also known as SSL (solid-state lighting) have a good color rendition.€ € Lamps The choice of lamps to use in solar powered street lights is dictated by the kind of application we're after: 1. They have a lifespan of up to 18. CF (Compact Fluorescent) lamps produce a white light and are used in places where color rendering is desired. HID (High Intensity Discharge) lamps. LEDs consume a fraction of the energy of comparable lighting and have a very long life span.000 hours. .

ADVANTAGES € € € € € € € Outdoor solar lights are affordable Solar energy is free Easy and quick installation Virtually no cost to operate No road works or wiring required Safe and reliable function Minimum running cost and maintenance .

and the temperature and humidity of surrounding environment often changed. € The limit of climate and geography .The cost of solar street light will increase 30%-60% for their solar panel and battery.Solar street light can not be installed anywhere even there is good sunshine. or near big building. for example. This will add the cost to the solar street light. under tree. .€ High cost . that means put the solar panel at the highest place of lamp pole. the frequent replacement which increase the using cost. € Rated life of parts . behind house.We install the battery under ground or lamp pole which takes wicked conditions to battery. and we often put the solar panel at high place.

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