P. 1
Trade Unions & Collective Bargaining-pharma & Bbm

Trade Unions & Collective Bargaining-pharma & Bbm

|Views: 16|Likes:
Publicado porHitesh Joshi

More info:

Published by: Hitesh Joshi on Jan 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/04/2011

pdf

text

original

TRADE UNIONS & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

Prof. Susen Varghese

TRADE UNIONS
SUBTOPICS :  Definition and Meaning , Characteristics and Functions  Types of TU·s  Problems of TU·s  Important Trade Unions of India

DEFINITION OF TRADE UNION
The Trade Union Act 1926 defines a trade union as a combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive condition on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more trade unions.

of India.) ² General labor unions ² Friendly societies ² Unions of intellectual labor (eg. Indian paper mill association.Features of Trade Unions ‡ It is an association either of employers or employees or of independent workers. ‡ They may consist of ::² Employers· association (eg.. Association) .. Employer·s Federation (eg. All India Teachers (eg. etc.

political and social-of its socialmembers.Features of Trade Unions ‡ It is formed on a continuous basis. The dominant interest with which a union is concerned is. ‡ It is formed to protect and promote all kinds of interests ²economic. economic. however. . It is a permanent body and not a casual or temporary one. They persist throughout the year.

‡ Trade unions have shown remarkable progress since their inception. Negotiations and collective bargaining are the tools for accomplishing objectives. . In spite of only focusing on the economic benefits of workers. moreover. the character of trade unions has also been changing. the trade unions are also working towards raising the status of labors as a part of industry.Features of Trade Unions ‡ It achieves its objectives through collective action and group effort.

‡ Ventilate workers· grievances to management.Why do workers join Trade Unions ? Workers join trade unions to achieve their objectives which they could not achieve individually. . ideas and frustrations to the management. Some of these objectives are : ‡ Attain economic security. aims. ‡ Inform workers· views.

etc. accidents. ‡ Secure protection from unexpected economic needs like illness.Why do workers join Trade Unions ? ‡ Secure power ‡ Satisfy their social psychological needs and their needs for belongingness. ‡ Improve their bargaining power and balance it with that of management .

This can be achieved by : ‡ Achieving higher wages. ‡ Acquiring the control of industry by workers. better working and living conditions. .Functions of Trade Union : ‡ The basic function of Trade Unions is to protect the rights and promote the interests of the workers and conditions of their employment. employment.

. ‡ Imbibing sincerity. ‡ Raising the status of workers.Functions of Trade Unions : ‡ Minimising the helplessness of individual workers. ‡ Taking up welfare measures for improving the morale of the workers. protecting the members against victimization and injustice of the employers. ‡ Providing a worker self confidence. discipline in workers.

signalling staff Union in Indian Railways. ‡ These unions are called as horizontal unions ‡ The workers belonging to the same craft do face similar problems ² mostly non managerial personnel form such unions.g. ‡ E.SOME TYPES OF TRADE UNIONS  CRAFT UNIONS : ‡ Workers of the same craft or category of the job form into a union called as Craft Union. . : Drivers· Associations.

Such Unions of unions are called Federations. E. Federation of Indian Railways. .g.SOME TYPES OF TRADE UNIONS FEDERATION AND CONFEDERATION: Industrial Unions. either of same industry or of different industry may form into an association I order to improve Trade Union unity/ strength.

Such Unions are called Industrial Unions. Workers of the same industry are governed by same rules and regulations and are administered by same management. .SOME TYPES OF TRADE UNIONS  INDUSTRIAL UNIONS : Workers of different categories form into a union. These unions are called ´verticalµ unions.

Problems with Trade Unions Union Rivalry Small size of Unions Political & Outside Leadership Low membership Victimization Poor Financial Position Inactive Functioning .

This is because of the inability of insiders to lead the movement due to : Low education standards. Fear of being victimized. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . Insufficient knowledge of Labour Laws. Poor command over English language which is still the principal language for negotiations.Problems with Trade Unions Political Leadership : The leadership of most of the Trade Unions in India is due to outside leadership mainly drawn from political parties. Lack of leadership qualities. Unsound financial position.

.Problems with Trade Unions Union Rivalry : Due to formation and existence of multiple unions and internal rivalry between them. bigger unions disintegrate and form countless smaller unions. ‡´Divide and Ruleµ attitude of the management. Small size of Unions : Due to the internal rivalries. the very purpose of strength for collective bargaining is defeated. The two main reasons for this rivalry are : ‡Personal conflicts of the political leaders who are also Union leaders.

Problems with Trade Unions Financial Position : Size of unions often determines their strength and financial soundness.. This leads to ‡Inactive functioning« ‡Hence resulting in victimization« ‡Which is why the Trade Unions require political help. And hence the series of problems continue«. their finances are less and hence affect their activities. The primary source of income of Trade Unions is their membership fees. but since there are very few members. .

‡ Keeping transactions ethical and transparent ‡ Amend the Trade Union Act. ‡ Raising membership fees. policy and programme. programme.Some Solutions to TU problems The following are some of the methods to strengthen Trade Unions : ‡ United Labour force with ONE objective. ‡ Developing efficient leaders. .

1920 INTUC .Indian National Trade Union Congress .All India Trade Union Congress .Important Trade Unions of India ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Some of the important and well known Indian Trade Unions were: AITUC .1947 HMS ² Hind Mazdoor Sabha UTUC ² United Trade Unions Congress CITU ² Centre of Indian Trade Unions BMS ² Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh NFITU ² National Front of Indian Trade Unions TUCC ² Trade Union Co .ordination Centre NLO ² National Labour Organization .

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING .

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING SUBTOPICS :  Definition  Pre ² Requisites  Process  Characteristics  Importance. Advantages & Functions .

Definition Collective Bargaining is a process of discussion and negotiation between two parties. . More specifically it is a procedure by which employers and a group of employees agree upon some of the conditions of work while compromising on some others. one or both of whom is acting in concent.

Requisites for Collective Bargaining     Freedom of association for employers and employees. Parties must avoid using unfair practices. . Parity of strength between both parties. Mutual trust and confidence between parties.Pre .

Pre . .Requisites for Collective Bargaining   Right of employees to strike must be recognized. Both parties should have representatives duly authorized to make decisions.

Process Of Collective Bargaining Union Claim Management Proposal Negotiations Revision / Renewal 3rd Party Referral Collective Agreement .

For this both parties have to justify their respective stands and be cooperative. certain proposals are put forward which pave the way to mutual acceptance after careful deliberation and consideration (negotiations).Process Of Collective Bargaining Collective Bargaining is a process which broadly consists of the following steps :  Negotiation of Agreement: At this stage. .

However during this course certain unforeseen problems may arise. The contract signed should be printed and circulated amongst employees so that they know exactly what the terms of agreement are. This leads to the next step in the process of Collective Bargaining.Process Of Collective Bargaining  Implementation of Agreement: After Negotiation when both parties reach an agreement they sign a contract. Arrangements should then be made by both parties to abide by their problems. .

However if there are no problems with the original contract then it can simply be renewed.Process Of Collective Bargaining  Renewal / Revision of Agreement: To solve the problems arising from the new agreements. This will again lead to negotiations for the new demands and may result in a new contract. . provisions are generally made in the contract for revising it.

expanding and changing in view of attitudes. Is dynamic as this concept is growing.Characteristics     A group or collective action as opposed to individual actions and initiated through the representatives of employees. opinions and perceptions of both parties. Two way process. Flexible and not static. . it is successful only when two parties participate with a ´give and takeµ approach.

The Most unique feature is that both parties start bargaining with entirely divergent issues and reach a middle point. an advanced form of Human Relations. .Characteristics      Ensures democracy at work place. Voluntary process accepted by both the Management and the Union. Not a competitive process but a complementary process. An art.

Ensures prompt and fair redressal of grievances. . Achieves efficient operation of plant. Advantages & Functions      Increases economic strength of unions. etc.Importance. strikes lock outs. Establishes uniform conditions of work. Avoids conflicts. thus avoiding interruptions in work.

Importance. Lays down fair wages and working norms.  Is a flexible means of reaching a solution. Advantages & Functions  Promotes stability and prosperity of industry.  Acts as a vehicle of peace. *********  .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Descarga
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->