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000 Km y nunca le e limpiado los inyectores porque yo le hecho cada 10 mil Km aditivos al tanque para limpiar y evitar que el sucio del tanque se pegue en los inyectores, el mio es automatico y el aceite de la caja se le cambia cada 80 mil Km (CASTROL Dexron VI) 4 Litros, cuando me falla en minimo, que se apaga, yo le reviso el IAC Sensor de Minimo o de acceleracion que por cualquier sucio que se le pegue falla, es lo mas sencillo para limpiarlo, si el cuerpo de aceleracion de tu carro estuviera malo la luz de servicio estuviera encendido, los concesionarios son unos ladrones, te dicen que es eso para vender y no te lo cambian sino que le hacen servicio, si le haces servicio al IAC y sigue apagandose en minimo, reinicias la computadora para que no siga leyendo fallas las comput. Para reiniciarla es facil, con el carro apagado y el suiche abierto, desconecta el cable positivo de la bateria, espera 5 mins desconectado, con el suiche abierto vuelves a conectar el cable, ajustas el borne, entras al carro y cierras el suiche, esperas 10 segs y lo vuelves a abrir hasta que la aguja de la gasolina se mueva hasta su nivel maximo y luego enciendes el carro, prendes el aire al maximo y esperas unos minutos, si quieres sales a probarlo aplicandole frenadas y aceleradas rapidas para ver el estatus del IAC.
2007 Chevrolet Optra BUMP Sound/ "HOLD"
I drive a Chevy Optra 2007. "HOLD" is blinking constantly on my dashboard. When I shift the gear from "P" or "N" to "R or "D", there is a bump sound. The AUTO Transmission does not regulate. Asked by Goddy
Replied on November 17, 2010
An error has occurred in the transmision control system. You need a scan tool to retrieve the trouble code to proceed with diagnostics and rectification. Answered by KHLow2008 (expert)
How Automatic Transmission Works
fluid cooler (in radiator) and a torque converter or fluid coupler. This system is controlled by the PCM (power control module) in newer cars and mechanically in older ones (Pre-computer controls). A torque converter utilizes transmission fluid as a coupling agent allowing the engine to run while the car is stopped without stalling the engine. Automatic transmissions have been available since the 1950s. This is achieved using a metal rod that engages the output shaft and prohibits movement. (D)drive. A series of clutches and band controlled planetary gear sets provide multiple forward gear ratios with a set reverse gear. When servicing an automatic transmission a complete fluid flush is recommended to clean the many passages inside an automatic transmission and to get the fluid that is trapped in the torque converter. The driver selects a mode by maneuvering the gear shift lever. Gear selection options usually include (P)park. usually placed on the steering column or next to the driver's seat in the center console. In most cars it is necessary to depress the brake pedal before the gear selector can be moved from the Park position. Most automatic transmissions have a service filter in the transmission pan that should be changed at manufacturer specified intervals. then re-engaging to make the car move again once the RPM of the engine has increased. The valve body is the hydraulic control center that receives pressurized fluid via the main transmission pump. valve body. Automatic Transmission Gear Range Selector Inside the Automatic Transmission The automatic transmission consists of: a transmission case. The automatic transmission is controlled by selecting a desired gear from the hydraulic gear engagement system. planetary gear-sets. An automatic transmission functions by automatically changing the gear ratios while determining the speed and load of the engine.Email New Share Improve the 2CarPros. (O)overdrive.com experience for everyone by voting and sharing! There are two types of transmissions most commonly used today. This restricts movement of car in any direction. (R)reverse. automatic and manual (stick shift). . (N)neutral. (2)second and (L or 1)first gear in that order. The park or P mode locks the transmission mechanically.
1 or L mode is meant to lock the transmission in first gear. The D4 mode is best suited for highway speeds and D3 can be used for around town driving. Lexus and Mercedes Benz have developed a direct shift gearbox that has up to 8 forward gears. The drive or D mode allows the car to vary its speed through a range of forward gears. the other is the N or neutral position. In this mode a vehicle will move slowly but have more power that can be used when towing or on steep grades. 2 or S mode is used to lock the . Park mode is also one of the modes in which the car can be started.Automatic Transmission cut-away Image Transmission Planetary Gear Set To prevent damage to the transmission the car should be at a complete stop before engaging the Park mode. The neutral or N mode is used to disengage the transmission from the drive wheels to let the car move freely. BMW. The first. but companies like Audi. The second. usually 4 forward gears exist.
whirring sounds or no noise at all. Two cones or wheels of varying diameter are used to change the gear ratio. This type of transmission has become popular during the past few years. Automatic Transmission Computerized operating system with ABS Brake System Automatic transmissions make specific noises when a malfunction occurs. it can make a whining noise. caused by the pump scavenging fluid inside the transmission pan. If the transmission filter becomes plugged due to debris. Hydrostatic drives use a variable displacement pump and hydraulic motor to vary the ratio continuously according to the amount of throttle being given and the amount of load on the vehicle. If the fluid level is low. Most internal failures are due to bearing. Car will not go into gear: • • Gear selector cable has failed Brake lock solenoid/brake light swtich has failed not allowing the gear selector to move out of "Park" . An automatic transmission is a hydraulic pressure driven system and it will make different noises than a manual transmission. Instead of having set gear ratios. Some manufacturers have developed a continuously variable transmission or CVT. This is used in extreme weather conditions like ice and snow and to govern vehicle speed. When a transmission has a major failure you might hear a loud pop which could mean a drive component inside the transmission has failed and the car will stop moving. the system can change the amount of forward acceleration over a wide range of speeds. clutch or hard part failure. When such a failure occurs the transmission can make grinding. you might hear a gurgling sound.transmission in the first two gears. Popular Problems Checks 1.
3. Transmission is shifting too late or not at all. Doing so could cause the fluid to become aerated. If it isn't. or the ATF (automatic transmission fluid) cooler or line connections. add fluid as needed and recheck level. it is badly oxidized and a transmission service needs to be performed. If the vacuum is impaired to the modulator or the throttle valve cable has failed the transmission will not shift correctly. replace the VSS and recheck.• • • Excessively low transmission fluid (note: if car is operated for an extended amount of time with low fluid level the transmission will fail prematurely) Shorted electrical component not allowing the PCM to control the transmission. but if the ATF is brown or has a burnt smell. Car goes into gear but then fades out of gear or is slipping while driving: • • • Transmission fluid is low Transmission clutch discs or bands are worn out or burned Faulty transmission shift solenoid. The transmission skips second gear. 2. some discoloration and darkening is normal as the fluid ages. Car goes into gear but does not shift out of first: • • • • Blown fuse to the PCM controller Faulty vehicle speed sensor (VSS) Shorted second gear control solenoid Faulty transmission controller (PCM) Tips About Common Problems and Fixes • • • When the vehicle is cold or going around corners the transmission fades in and out of gear: In most cases this means the transmission fluid is low. When adding transmission fluid. If there are no visible leaks. . Fluid Level and Leaks One of the most common complaints with an automatic transmission is leaking fluid. shifts from first gear to third gear and the "service engine soon" MIL is illuminated. The best way to check this sensor is to make sure the speedometer is operating correctly. the input shaft seal. replace the solenoid then clear trouble codes and recheck operation. This prevents fluid overheating on vehicles used for towing or performance applications. In extreme conditions installing an aftermarket auxiliary ATF cooler parallel to the OEM ATF cooler is recommended. Example: shorted fuse Flex plate (flywheel) is broken completely not transferring engine power to the transmission. On older cars the transmission shifting is controlled by either a vacuum modulator or a throttle control valve cable (TV Cable). do not overfill. Leaks can occur from the driveshaft seals. Scan the PCM to locate the transmission control solenoid that has malfunctioned. On most cars the transmission is controlled by the PCM (powertrain control module) if the vehicle speed sensor fails the PCM has no input so the computer will not shift the transmission properly. Most transmission problems can be prevented by changing the ATF and filter according to manufacturer specifications. Check your transmission fluid when the car is on flat ground with the engine idling in park (some Chrysler products must be checked in neutral). which will affect transmission operation. The transmission will lose hydraulic pressure causing the transmission to drift in and out of gear. The ATF cooler inside the radiator may be leaking and cross-contaminating the radiator coolant. pan gasket. You should also check the condition of the fluid. check the radiator for ATF in the coolant.
it should be in 4th gear by the time you reach 45 to 50 mph on level ground. Diagnostic Procedure • • • Clear all DTC's with a engine scan tool (diagnostic trouble codes) Start the engine and observe the MIL. but the transmission does not respond. Codes can be set by the computer when a command is sent. If the transmission is shifting properly. if it does not illuminate continue to next step (malfunction inductor lamp or check engine light) Drive the vehicle while trying to maintain a constant throttle position as it accelerates up through all four gears. Avoid overloading a vehicle or towing beyond capacity this can cause premature transmission failure. . If trouble codes have returned repair as needed and recheck system.Fault Codes: Fault codes can be set when the transmission controller or PCM detects a malfunction. Tips: Never allow little noises go unattended. if none appear the problem could have been a onetime occurrence. a small noise can cause a large noise and transmission failure. Repeat this procedure from a standing start 3 to 5 times. such as a 2-3 shift. Rescan the PCM for trouble codes.
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