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IWolrmer Ulnilled No~ions 1~,UNIJSe(Jrr,e!laryoiGeliletnC~ Kl)f~ Alo:rn!mrnl ,con~ened wOI'iI!~ ~e,c:d!errs: :tnl SeiPlletnm~ew 71000 r'O:rrli~:e:

Millennium Slwtlll1mill ~Irn ~ew ~ont JiUhis hishlJ~~ illt,e:mlruliro:n e'll !9~~her1im~ ~'I ~he be:giimlml~ngl 'o,flhe Ilew mil~el"mii!wm:j 189' Ir!i!!e:m'b eir·st@lies '~f 1~'e IUN reg(~,~dl ~I ul!!sensus thg~ rich ,cmdll~'~ O!~ oo!w\~11rf,es~li~e,~m~'wl~~W,~,~k t,ogether hI ~u:hie"l! peboo IDlmdslanUiT~y. 1['B'S~lel~,t hmlUm flT,~:ll1'5" IP[,i:Ji!I:10:1'I! good gillleffilinliB ~.IilI~1 ~llFive for d'l!\!ie,i~D.plifIi1le'iilil',wiliml (!iUl:nl[o:nllo~he nee:d$ of the: P()O~ ~hfl yulnertlble ond ~he (h~~dlrelil o~ ~he woril!m~ 10 w'fu,mmlhe ful'm,e: Iwe~almjmIS" ii~~s w'CtSeIilCllp'slw~imted in the: .Mi~~etmlil~wm IDedorgtioll,~f :~ooo.

lirolwglh. ~he MiHI!e m'l:lf,wlm Diedl1rl1~ion~the UH lm.elil1:wl~'[~S~l1t,e~1 wMch included. ~he Philippine~ lcommins ~ ~hemsilllli~e~ ~o luh~'I!'llie, lill Sit:1'! o~ ~ime·bllund dB1i'elopmen~ go t:l1~S Dndllarlg~i~~ Ilililme cll 'lime Millennium Dl!!ljlelopmell~ IGoah o:r MIDGs. 'The M:DIG,s are de:ilIli quallltifiable go Ct~S lilIilldl(iH'Qe~$f(i)J globall hUlfI1lttlllil de'll,e'l!oi~'li11Ieli1il', 'w~i(h ore ~Irn(horedoll ergdini!~in9 ex.IiJ'ieIil'l,e' IP o,1,I'edy by 110U.

II Pr~m:er [In THE M~lUNNUIM DEVHOPMHll mllU'S



,~ Primer on mE ~,~ILLENNmM DIEVIElLOP'MENT GOALS

Itl!lre1!'lI,Ojr~ .'.' ' •• "' ·i ··..,··· ••••• ' ••• , ; ••••••• ' " ••••••••• ' .a, ••• .a.a- •••• 'co ¥.' '... 3

1 I'hy' w(]~~heme~ a n,e,edltllJ s8t~fle ,I!ight gioul~s? 00 ••••• ' , ,.,' •• ".... 16

a(~Wtli!!i'eIIIHlnt lof t~e: MIDIG's? " .' n •• " , ••• ,... ' •••••• ,.' •• , ••• ,.·.'.n .".' •••••• » •••••••••••• ' 1 0

It Fillloll WOlrd •• '.' ••••••• ' ' " ••• ·«,.u'''·' : •• ,., e. ••• " •• ' ' ' •••• , ' ,,...,,, ••••• , •••.... 19

1 Why was there a need to set the eight goals?

,MnIIlII1li[j]1 ~i ~hl! flllW milleflnillRl" oIil1!51illIilo~l!d~1 bill~oll pl!ople in ~he wlltll~Wl!re poor,i.!!., lilliflg ofl lsss mill ffillUS ~1 ,ei ~1li%lil:\:e rnilem~UOIIO~sl(lndord for 1ifil!80 s:w,ring e::(IOOliilll,e' ptm/I,!iel[~y. Mony were dyiE'l\~ ,ltI'f ~lwliIger. l[h~~dlrel1 d~'mllilo~ slllrvi~e infon(,y or w,el~e In,Qllllble ~o go,lostChool. Wome:i1,~ied during ~h~~mlbir~h. Women ()lmlUlm~ed to be dis(!rimi~(!~ed g~~ [nr$I.IDiisie,cl~es Ii~e! H IV I AI[1I~ 1"!1(!!II'l(i!lrig oDd t'uh~wlosh ~'I\mgued ~hl! w(lrl'dl. W~.e le:ni!l~ronl~,el~ilIiOnrlulilllledmo be de~lroded IIlld ex~~\m:i~ed bey,ollit~ IUI'5 (Orlffing ulpudly.lneslB l!ondIHoi:ll$ hD"Ye been n~:e Ir1iH1,1 o~ mOliil! o~ ~he pmblem:5 of ~hl'l wor~d ~onfliu, sHiffie, UnplIllIl!,. viollenlia) in ril(lb~lliily ond inequo!iity.

In 20001 the UH lQQk~he leod inlim:~$ worldwud\~ ~gmpgign t!~1 'e:lIl~ IPc o,lle!Jmy, ilileqlwgll iijV gnd i~s ()c:nl~e~~,e!ml!s.

IB,YSIaUiflg tmlelse eight IgillOhlho~ weHI qlJlmlir~uolmlll~.liIi)iallll:5!wrDille Dlld UIi!'1:a!"~olllli!d" ~hl! mI!5!5!i:lgIlHlalmJ~ '~In ~orms of human depr~'!.i\Cilu.{Mli ~eG!lmlli loud lind (il~(lf: n ,mn no longer be 'bu:s~lrn.ess es 115uol' (lndthlll W~ (IS iii gll~~IiI~1 communi~yj (lfller pledging t,o lin,e !e chieyemellt ofl:f1:e !g~IiI~!s Itnl S~pllelifil~,elu 2:000" should be held Il!I!:(Qunhtble f,@,~ g~_h rellling ~hem. The MJD'~'swerehl be(Qlnm!e the mUyuIil9 ~oiilm~for (!I~ ()@iWI!l!illriesfo '~Qme ~ogelher 'fGlrlillii$ l(omlli!ilOI1! ~md.

SWI~I~!m!r~ed bylhe UN~ Us resour(ies !e D:~ ,e'o(perl~,Sle:r Ide\i'e!!~ped 'mlml~ I~e,veloping UlI!lIil~Jlj:es mobilize finQmi(l~ SIU,~:~ out 'mll!ld I~ o,~m:cl!l wuilill \~e·eIl9QBe govem meli1il's.r r,e,,:oluieDt Ide'llelopmeDt ~lriorUilrie~ ,end IPo,~~des, Ibu~~d r;@p!!~ij~y gnd reg' Ollltto .p~rW!lers in dvilsodely Ie n:di1he pr~~(!te! se(~l!r;

I

A Prim e r on T~ E MILLEN N m M OIEVIE!LO lP'ME N r GOALS

Ine efglh~ MDIG:s ~I!iI\I'le III e:elnl~ormuillted in su(ih l!iI~y thotl~lev lire indeed me(ls'ul~clblle;, Iqluc ~11U~ioble and re(i!lns;lk The :e!igM 9.00Is: h(i!\I'le 211orgets. Thesel,c!~.g~~'S lire qllon~ifiedlln ~o'u~:h !~~I ~m:diicgt:wlrs s:e:1 (i!~ Ibe~(hmgrb ~Qr lIT!.e'~I~!!rillg egc~ UIII!!hy's pro~re$S,

-Jb. 1 GOlal~ll: (radiCiafe edJrellil1e plOVelity Qlnd hunger

~=." · IHulvilllm!s ~m~lm~lUiliiI,c,J ~~!HI ~11!a, IIU-wl~ngllf:mllaxltfeme povllrly bll~weell 1990!lnd7:01.S.

• A~~lteve:~u'l:lllc n.dIIP:~e dudive flmplloymen~ ond de(en~ work ~or (I~III •. fmduding women ond young people.

• IHglve~ be'lween ] 990 gild 20] 5~. ~he propor~io!! of people whQs'wnerhom hu!!ge!u.

• E~SJU ~e 1hg~j by~i~r5! I~hild_ren e'lrelrywherej boys ~mdgir~~ (i!'tike, wii I~ !be: 10b!l~e! hI ()olmplet1e 101 ~IIU ~Oiuna o,t' 1p,~imD'1 ~(h(loli!lg.

• 1[II~mimltlel g~ndll[ Icllispmu.~v ill p~iliiii1l~ry IIlld seliOill~liilrv edUllMuoll,. prll~erobly by 2005 .• lind ill ,oil le'lf!e~'s 10lf ,eld~u'[ot~(l1II mlo !willalrll~:c~1 2m 5;.

II Pr~mer on THE M~lUNNUIM [lEVH(]lPMHll BOAlS

.... Iiiiii'liiii ........

Go,1 4: H'ed Ulte' c h iIId m 1:1 rtll ity

• RSiC'Ute byl~lree qiiillrl,8irs, htween ~ 990 ond 20 ~ 5,thil mof,e mill morinlimy flltio.. .' A(h~eYlel by 20m S; ulli\i\e:~'sJ!ii'11 ~JC(!B ss '1'0 lrepmducluve ~e'mllli]]l.

Go'ol 6: [ulmbal HIIV lAID,S, l11ulorilD Dnd ol1rliJer diseas,n

.' HIIIII' ,ondl begill *0 re\4ersel'he spread of HIIV/AIDS Iblll' 2015 .

.. A(h~eyel by 20mO; uni\r,e:rsClI'11 GueulG 1reg~ment fGr HIIV/AI'DS for lall 'lhG's:el whQ ne!l'd it • • ' 111011 ,e n ~ Ibegin ~Q re:'!'ersethe imidem!e' ,~,f m~!ilorh! olld o~her m!!iil!l~ dheo:ses •

..

,~ Primer on mE MILlENN~IUM DIEViElLO P'MENT GOALS

~, ~ !l!!tegmtel~e! ~lri!!di~,lle,s ~f s!!sh!i!!oble de~eIQpmel!~ i!!to '~ou!!~ry PQlides o!!d proml~@mmes liild reiYerse tl~:e!l!m of efi~u~~mnenl!m'lllrle~WIWI~U!5,

~, RIiI,d~ute biodi'lf!ll1ii5Uy los~, ,mhi9'1fing. IIJ¥ 2010, II ~5fQ mli~i~~mll~e~lwd~(liiI~mll~!Il rn1e of loss~

~, HI!lIlv€, ~y 20 ~I Si~he p.ropor~i()n of people withou~ su~toinoble 1'IC1:t:SS to sof,e, Im'rinking woter and basic $!lInit'cllii~I1 .•

• ' .i!uh~e~, by 20201 II ~ig!!i~i(icnil im~rov,elilme!!i!l1 ~i~1 ~he live!s I~f '~I ~!elm,~ll 00 mii:ll'i'oml siWim dweillieilr~~

• IDevellolP' ~urlher 11J~I'D,pe:m~ ,wle"bosed, predidoblle, flofl"di:5crim~lnoUny lrod~lUg ~mo ~iflllflcT:1il11 sys;I,em. MriudB$,a wmmilm~m to ~vd'go~mo.""l6'r dBVffopm~'Ii' IlfidpQ,Y6'dYr!dud:iQII bJiI lI.uJ.i~!I,mllr und ifJ'J'ema#.llfloJJy:

• Addres~ 1hes~edl!l !leeds (If t~e! Ile~~1 d!e,ve,lope!d U1U!!~rij,e $. Iluluoe'sNfiH lmd ij!fdlt.:i.ffee' a{{,~~s I,(} tbe' 'S'DsJ .vil'~p,sd (OUlJtiie~' IIxpods; ,e,fJ'hum:ed llwgJ':omm~~t ,debt rslisf .fur h~QviJy i'l1di/iteo P~O! (o~Jl'ri,e~ ,(fiJPt)' (Imi (,rJ.IJt,elll111rm (lJ ~~firjf1JbilQ.feiof debt; o)ll!liI J'l1oJl'ei!i!lltief/l\lil;l:

Ofli(ifJl D.~~wpm~hJ' .MsisWN(£I ~OI1AJ fIN {,ouMliBS wmmiltedto p&vef1y {e,do.(firfn •

. ~ :Address,lhe ~~idlll needs of Illndlo~~:ed d:elfelloped (jo~mllwies ilnd $rnul~ll~is~imln~: djj'l,l',el!Q:~I~ml~ SI~Hes lind ~he ouHoml! of~helwelil~y"selion.rnl 5Jpei[ioI5e~)i(liil,(Jirl~e l~efll!m~1 :IISSi8'mIllmlly.

• IDeol (lo'IfI1I~'r,e,hensivelly'wili~lhe deb~ problems of delfelopilmg ~~Illlnilries through ~mli~o,m.CI~ Icd ~'ii1lemotillflill mellSI~ira s Ifi'l md!e,r~,~ mll~" g"bm sU~~llifiobieifithil ID~lgl,ellim.

• i~!! ro~~el~cI1i~~ wilih IP,h,m:m!!a()euHcl!l OOIT!I~O n1i:e,f'/ pr(l~ltd!e! IO~(imliOI !!!Iordoble melllliol dr,ugis iml dev,el!o'~;~mjg ,(ountriies ..

• ;~n oolm~elrIMu.lm wililllJhe pruYDt!~' se!uot mal~e (Jvuiloblle ~hl! be!!efil's ,Olt rn,ew ~ed\n.o:l!ogues; e~p e,(jolly inform@liliQ:n Ii! mdl (ommUni(lCili1~11 5:.

II Pr~m:e'r on THE M~lUNN WM DEVHOPMHll ~H:HH'S

3 wah only five yeurs left to 2015,

h~w is ~~ia-,Padfi{ faring in the orhievemsnt of the, MUGs?

• There is mixed ond Iln&lIen pfIIglr,m inth& Asio"rO(ri~r{ rs:g,rOfl'll ~mllllnn~ !If IUJm1ia!llilmg ~he M~DIG5~ Ash! o!!dthe p(l!dr.r:~ ls 0 huge ,!!~d dhre~e regi!!!! w~th ro:w:m1rfl~!s ~!!!d $!!b·~e~:ron'~I~(gl If,c ry greodyin size and lesel of devell~~IIJil!elnll.

~"hl'l Asio"Plld~~~ regioil:, oiling wi~ht~le r,e,s! I[]:flhe worf,dl, ~I~S blllln oSioiled by 1111:81 '91r,c:wmli e!lergy ondf,mlm,~ UI~~e$, olld~he e!(onomk (£iSis huggered byl~le West,e!m ffllit[Jlmiol mel~dllif!l'n. As u re$ult~ the! ~e~]olm, iil~ f'!!!d!!g~ddiHo'm;cl~I~lre~11:s to de~elopr!ale~~ (!!!dto Ih,e Q(;hie~eme!!~ ~f the: ,MDGs. Le(!s~ deye~oped (i~wlllUllries (lID'[s) 'wn~ !i1Iijmih ~e:veillf ex~reme po\fielrly Ie n dl sl~'W ,o:rr no promlr,e:$S in poverly reulwdi:o.mI1clr,e !1if:1:alr'Q~lulllm:erllbl(lllallhe g~ob(lll eC~I'I(lmi( cris!k

.' The remli~'lIlis g!!e!gr~y Qchi~l1j'er ~Qr Ihe fQII!!'Hing i!!dk!i!~l!rs~

o Re,dludng ge'l'Ide:r dis~lmlritue'$ in pruliI1I:mry ondlieluti~ry edU(lCilUolII

o S~ilpping ~he spread of HIIV. A,IIDS liI,md tubef()u:rolsis

o Eirnslu~ing 0 propllrtion of prote;(~ed urea t,Qllil'Iliilil'lllcinII1J1o:·dhre:rsily

o Re diw'(ing ~o:nJsllmplitOiMlIO!f o~one"d~PcI:elijla@IS!U~O:S;IiIDIR!ces

u tlgl\l'i!!gl~e ~1~o~lo~~iQ!! Qf people wi~hout 'I!l!~(lm t'OI ~I!!!fe dri1lking w~lielrr

u ~s ,o'ml IIFlmlck 1,01 :CI:(hie~e ~he~Oln~wtM'~II~rgets:

II Hoilling I!):Ifeilli1i8 ~Ollle,r~y

Q Pro~:~dlinml i!!mli~ersgl all~m~Q prlTm~lrv ~~Ii!ioal~

o tuMe'l,l'ing gem:~eu por:Uy ulIIs:e(ondory ellw-ollmeln,1

~, HI01lleWlf, Imge·'s~ole de:p,[illlil~ion renao~lmsi,

o ASio"p(l'Cint is hO~le ~o more ~hgJ! 1 ,3 billiO!! I1wl~al~W elo,p,I~e! wi~h(lUllbo:$it S~liIIi~o~ioll I'more ~h(!!! 70 per ()emJl ~,~ ~he de~elopi!!g wlldclr'i IP e,o:~'~e!).

(I About '~8: minion (h~~dlrelm (o'l,llerr 70 per !le:1I1 of ~he wor:l~dl~ IWlild:elr·~illle ,hulI1d:r:eIn:) $unel~ing hom mliinutri~il'ln reside in ~he rI:Qlt01m["

II An eS'fimpt!e;~ 168: i~ a,[ OOIn:1 of p.ellple om infe[if:ed wi~hIWlbe'rmI1l5ii~s;,

:2AcJ!t~~ tile MIiJermi'um DewlOpi'l'lEm~ ~~ hi 1m ~ ol6'!'Obsl Ui!CenafrNY; As1M"~ RflgiarrBl Rer;mt .::oo:mo; t~ m Mlll'iW'll\ P1JI[WpilJe~ on FfJM1fl1Y' 7. :w~o

.'

I

A Prim e r on T~ E MILLEN N m M OIEVlE!LO IP'ME N T GOALS

4 What has the Philippines achieved thus far?

IWo Slew pml(e of goills i~ Ilrgenlliy ll!l:ee d!s dl m reach some ofllm:a '2\01 5, Ig~lI~ 5, ,e!$pe(ij~~ Iry 1~!Il'(DIlSI! ~oy,e\rrly ~lmlS imrelllSl8,dl fnllhe ()QiU'Miltry.SpllJdii(iWIIIYI ()Umlntlirelrn,~nn~1 S~I(lrW$I~IIiI'~ tlllrge,1's :l'orG:Olm~ 2 (,Adlli&'Ye universo~ primary' edll~Qliilo,nl) ,e n dlG!OolllS (Improve liI1,cllemGIII ~'elil'l~h) lire ieasllikelyl'ol lba I!i!(hie~ed. And while ~he uu,mtrY' lil$ ~Iiim~ wi~hin~m:e! 1Qrget 'of ~m·liI1c nl·l·pen'eID,1-of·1he· ~o~~II:iil1hlllfor IHIIIY I :AIIID.s)~~e, ri5Ii~@: IiIfumlbleir of HIIV (ioses hilS be(iome q WU5i! ~or ~~I~~ rna a5we~lll

PiJiIle'J~f indim:elm!ce inl,~:e PIIlTln~'pines rose hom 30% in 2003 w~!elml ~O~iU~:1l,1hl!l was, Q~ 80 mili~on,mo 33% ~Iiil 2006,. 'w1m,e nll~op'WI~Cilllill:i'l1 ~od Imolll'~ill:m!e~110 86 mUlliioliil,. Wliilh ~~lfllJlI18d resolJroe:s, pO!ferly lirndde:nce !l(lr,millin u'eslo ~nm:!lIse (I~ the: pl'lpuIQI'~m!ml~lIIJ(rea'se 5"

Powerty 'in the P;h'ili:~pines i!s '!II IlIrC1l ph.ellloriren.oll~ .~ 7,0% ofl~e, plJ;~r li~~i rnllwrlll oljllS

~ ,6:2% Wilrt ill ogrJ:wlt!U!i

• .~6% h ~'I!llll!mplorB,dl

.~ lU%kpllllr

Poverty illldllenCI!' $!lDW.5. stark illlequQUty: .~ 7~~ in 'lewo Mil aU!D

• ,~D% in A!I~iln.l:limtJUIS Region of M!u,s;~im

~il!donl]o I~~RMMI

~4U% of WlO!! ~;S.IP IJIl[ ~7ID.5~~ of Vil;PY1tlli is poor ·~aU% of Mfnd'i:lfU.l.O, ws pumr

II Primer [In THE M~lUNNUIM DEVHOPMHll BOMS

4 Whot has the Philippines achieved thus for?

'. Jlboum .5.2 million unlil!~re'iIi ,tirel f:i,M ins,[hool. " 53'% ,erfe! tHiil enrolll,eor in IGrad,e 1,

• Mllijorimy of [hil~lrell, dlrop olill ofh31~ Grodes ~ ond 2. " The mnionol ooretllger of ,whortslllJllivlll is rB!U,%.

" IBQy:S lite ~wll;iJr litill'ieH,o, ir'iiipiillt or DIFGp' Ollt of $~~ol:J,l.

" S'l:Illwl P!r'L'll\l'iilce:niil ,Mindonoo has mhe snmllle'SI peroe:mltii!gll of (hilldn'illi elU'OIII',ed in, ~lw~IIT;~ plrimorys![hools om 62% iimrmripmis:d 'litill1he nll~ionolll~erngi1!1li1lf ,81.7%.

• !In 2008' , IiiJII ii'stllrtila,led 3.4 mill:l'ililll :Filipino women biuiilme IP~r,egilillilt " 54'%, ~DbolJlt 1.9' lfitltllioiil) ,o:f the'siB' IPc v,eglllmdes WIIS ililplillined.

,·n mothef~ ,die! ,e:verydoy due h) i~'r,aglmllll!qrl,r'il'r,allii!d ljllu~es.

" WmlnliJrlil huk lI!in~~S, hi reprodu[fflivlB h'Bllilrlilh 'selr'lll'i(~ls.,

OnI6111116:

., lin I:huembrerr :2:009,126Iletw HIV' rose:s we're: r;e,po'rl!e,d~lhe highes'l eyel~ repD'~te.~ since 1984"

'. IHIII~ ((D's/as 100mollg 'I~,e 15·24 y,tllr"old group ineFeals-ad 'f1ive-'fuTdl from 41 in 200'1 ~o 218 in 2009.4

• Ml!liori~y of 'I~e IF,e(ent HIIV (illses ts:nds '1'0' h younget mQ,sl,~y Irom age:s 115·79, who ore 'welll·educelled.,

'. JI~ITde hum youl~~ ,ollirner \flllillilroble populations in~l:u die: IP USiQ:ro,S ~nIIP'r'Dsllrllu~jon and '~'~liir die'lI11fs:, mm'l'es who hove sex wimh moles, IP,eop~lrewhll!1 ]1iI~i'~ drugS;, 'iilllII~ 'DlIerSe'IiS Filipilmowo~kers5.c

l ,GurtmawerlUPJ 2009

,~ Nationa' AIDS Reglsi1}i. National Epfcf9miolo9Y ~fl'mr ~ AIDS MedhJmTe.rm ,Plan IV; .2OOS-2Q10

,~ Primer on mE ~,~ILLENNmM DIEVIElLOP'MENT GOALS

5 Whet needs to he done to ensure

the cttninment of the, MDG s by 2;01S'?

II (!)U!1,trllnlmi~ 1il gdopt 0 ~no~ busines~~ !Ii! s IUlslV~l~ policy. m~ iis melons s~renglim;e rnliilllmi ~g~lld g01term!!!()elldlelIT1,cmll~cllijl1g ~IOII ili(!mll wiU1, Im!IOMliidng~imc;ndolsupporll ~e'!lrielll~in,gl ~riQrm~s lind poli(!i:e!sJ building ()~,~~dtYI regdlJngl,ouil ~Q (~lIij~siIDdety 1~lmi~l~e pwi~o~e: $edor IC nol ~Jm~,ggl!lg llotio!l!!1 support

The Philippine,s ~g~ lhe ~e'J~ile ground't~, '~l(hieve ~he M;DIG,s, gild it m!!s~ oo~m1in!!e ~oe;x~~I~o:r,e' this poFellllii'!1!'11 hI i~sf!!lIes~ ~md phmI1hes~ed~ 'Ihg~ wWI ~ yir~:rdI1he besl re~!!rns like wha~ some municij~~Ii~r:er~ ,~m:d d~ies ha'l!'e done !II! MD G, ~O(!~IiZIl~i!lnl or dvil s(l(iides ~hot~m'e $!!()(es~ffiully lobbiedfQr il!c~el~ses in budgel 5ipemi~i~~ 'i!!Il!I MDO issues, ~1W(h !IS, he'(!~~hl edu[lQ,1io:n gild

the ,ell!liijiih,o:nm:eJnll. '[ijtizen'si ~g\lie! 10 lJemnn ~heir m[lle~ ImlS !mllWml~,cllhms(lf public ~iro~eresj~ making ~ure~hot g~1,IIe'FIlIme:nts ~ei$p(l!ldliO' ~~,dgl gild e6o~:tIlmnM priori~ie$ of 011 (fI~iiZ.elil s~ '~f$pe(ii(i!~ I~' 1h~ poor (i! n~r mo,slll~ll!i1iew(!Me'.

The OOfurn1ry ,~gn smill d.o !IIu~h iinl1~e politiroJ hn~.by 'w!!~cie!!IJ!t~jcfuid~ w,orking f'~i~ good gQVemonoo, !mitIQ~n~lIbjli~y gndli~~I~$p'onmty b,y elimim.!mi!!g~he 'mIDst,c:des ~!I it. 11111!i!,d~ i~iow~ ~he ()o'u,rn1ry rm,ee,~~~' ~,e (Qn~di\oYi~ I[!:~ oll!.!l11he p'otenfi:cii IOif iiil~s, ~~mc n ~opit'~1 '~md '~lln~ill!!e '1101 ~nlYes~

in g~od ,~wl~lily ,e,c:utotion, Ire!gll[n~ In:uilrilii~oml! il!hQ$trudiu~e' 10s!!l~~(i!wt 1he delille!uy of bosj( so(Jj(i!lllsISjr\l'iooct o[d e!mpIWlmflenllhg~ wu'lll'e:n.,gellder ~us~lJIjJlgbl!!p~Q,p, ~o;r grllV!l'linl•

II Pr~mll'r [In THE M~lUNNUIM DEVHOPMHll G[JM'S

mo SlimmlDlriZe"~limle Icholll!illgBIS PHI mOlly. There is 0 Ileed t'0I~

~ l[iilISlIUI mid elil~oftja iil'1:8iil1l o~ ~MilW~ ~W il.mllilllll0 ~he lIubfIBV,aiflil8!mrt Oi~ ~he fltDIS~:i

~ ,~!lu!ll!nUetli\lelimplemeflrlllifD:n IIlI,t ~eiolfils in hl!lIl~h. bll~;( la,d:~(Il~loll, ~i.i(jrcJlwalltom lIf1d

oll'liieJ!o,p'iili1laiilll;

,~ IFlroliil'l'MI! illduSI'Il! grolW~h;

• ,~ddrl!s~ Wide displlriliT:a~ '[[:HtI~5 llT!9giofl5\i' ~ 1(Il~blln,e IIlT9:111 ~,mip"u'l'cllijoilil growmh fOt'~;

,~ Improve ~h~ peri'orDl!JlluB' of 1he IIgri~uUlr:r,e, S~IUOfj ·Impm'la li:I11ii1emliillll[1Jl~:ift,aillily ~IMiio,;

• 1[lIlmlmiilIU! IO(jc~ IP orf{iJlrmf f'edudioll plon$ olld ilirnp!lleme M:o~ion, indLJdl~iilg ~t,a~HsU~ol ,ond ootil ~c,p, c[itie~;

• Improve ~lIrgetum'~J' dO~ilba~1! Dnd mo(u~Orl'm"g~

• S1U:lliI1Q,lhllfl ~hlllmpildly o~! lhe IOl1ll'~ !9,OYiIlI!DTllnlIle'mlt lu:nTh ~o delhl',e [ b!lsi( !iDd(l~5,a1["i(e'~ IJ n.ill

lfiI],m'il'mg,1lI pro~~lIm~ bnd pmied5~

~ Jlddm'sl~ iP e iJ:[1! lind 'Seru,ri~yislillesi

~ SIMIIT@'r1hefl pliblic"IP:rimme poUil.ei'$hipi

• l[mpiIW'etlhe poorlhrnugh porlli{ipofion '~I!1:ml JmpQlJn!y"bulidiflg;

~ Jld'lllllmt'BI I'ID~f,rimo:m:[ing, &$pelltlil'l ~y Icnl MIUh: Dlld ,~altl~'eIHien~iffii'liil! 11l1iJ~@llff~ ~ 1~IIlSUfe~~lillliisparenty olno o~ulllnmllbilitfin '~m,v,er,nment 1[[lcnJ5iml(mions.

(1) liD!i,e4~UlQe' PGll'erty~ Igrowth Ihlli5 ifQ lite: bld!i!Slive~ IlE!I1l'1l11l1id sl;!$tCli!:ledi. l~toilom111; grow~h i$ fUlldomelll'.mllliil' ~O'lliu~yrd~Uion bOt 'g:r'CJ!iiilh hOi ~o be high - om leosm 6%; gll'O'W~h hO$tD~e ,mn~~ 5:I~n~ and not 1~,~lliJm.dllc~DiWli'l~ giro,w~h m1J~I~ be bfOlld~~osed, it mruus!' ~r'I!DfB' mO'CIS ,[[[midi ,e,wnomi( ~ppWlr~lllliHfls!; it lillInist 1m 8! l~m,dlJ'5ijlle ,!lm:dl ,e~l!Ioo'Il~liy s:illm,!!dl'Ci~ mus,_ Imerne~im ~ery ~'e~!i)t of SIl{i~ly.

I ... ~

A Prim e r on TH E MILLEN N m M OIEVIELO iP'ME N T GOALS

(2) NI!!ifi!Qt!!!!'1 !lnd 111~:g1 ,fe$piUI~ei 't'O IPO,y,erty !l'eliudiD',n IIt1U,st be dQS'e!l., linkeilli.

Po'l/lewly I~e~~'dion wi~~ be 'INOII or ~CI'$ll!Jil ~he louiI'llll\e\lleIL Lam'l! g,ovel1n rn:emllllllil~s ,~mUls} 'Ibl m:miVlllC ~,g~~ed poverly r:edlui!:lii:!l:DI rDllheir IIiI,ull di!ve~'IiI[pme[ntI plillns, lo,mrlliS: Sh01f,.li~1 Qaflrn s, HIJIi1iono~ and ~Ii~mli 1~,il,'Il,ernfilellt~ mIJSJ~ wm~ hpnd.inJ!liJ i1llllwit~I'mlli SBUlirn in powe.I1V

roe ~wt(,titl!!. U;:Us; Il'r!UI~11gke.1iI\Je ~~~,d' ln Imn's:I]llijln~, IlQ:no!!1I1 po'![erly ~H'1er~en~iQns infheir ,(omlmll!l~li'1ies,

(3) EdueiliiclI!11 (fndlilude:l'It1ibll heQrrtll'lue! 'ti1elill!ls,fj warys to, com/but IPQ!W(!l1y. 11~~ ,~h(ln~e s ,m;f Ig:dillg OUlID~ 1~,Q'Il,er~f jmn;Qse 'Wil:~i,

~g) H'~;n:@u le~el, of (l'd!!()crlijiLmml-' 1'/3 gf PQor hQ!!.S1~ln o:r~IS" 'ml~e, ~e,m:de,d by ~hll:s(! 11m be~~ wi~h prill'lil!mrry edunl~ion.

(b), Smoller f'lillrr:li iry ~i~e~ Among p(l()r~lImilieSi Ui% Ofl 3-iI1Iimber ~omil~e:~ while 54% Ilf(! 9"membllf~llmillli!B5;,. W~e IilOIil"poor fnllhll fhillip~f'rn,u InCI$'~lIilll:li!lerll~a IiI1Imii~y ~i~l!~f 4.5jlil'lS! I~O O~ ho~S. 9, and tire OUfl poor Ih~s U.

(4) 'Ch~l\d'f\eilil sh!lll.dd Ibe r"etlidl~' "gir' s~hOQII. ¥oung (hilldlllellilsll1,ou'rdllbe !expl'lsed ~o IOrlliy !e~ming I.'X]P elrlen()~s 'all h01l!il18 liilllld (It S~~;Q 0,11. Rmlliht 1jlenues ~holillldlicliirvely enro:u,iiI!ii:g1! le!lunjl!glm,r'~I[I,~lh IPcI~mr~. Poren~1i shlluM providli!l;~;e'~e ex~ewiel!res Ifill hamel $eek. ~hii ser'!l!ke~gl lint 1heir Ifllmm!lllilies.lcn,dlll~r:!~111 QfIlfl~illls s~@~II~ ell!s!u~e lUI is. !I!I~'il~~'b:~e.

(SJ Schoalis i!i1hlJildd be lfil!acl;y f'CIr chil~dfil!;n. Teo(]~e[~s IIIl1ld Idl!l(i!lllil:O:DI'O~~i(ific!lIs shliluld b.1I ,gliil!enfhl'l~~'ml~liling Imd $UPPlltUO(fellme 0 stimuID~~l'lgj IIJ.aic'lllhy Ilnd SOWie learning ,emJYli~;rlm.e.mt $(hllllh :~lm!m,1j)~II[J1 ~e befromYiolen~e, l~e~e! should be. ntI i!!tUmruidlilif:oi!'llcnAI fellr. WID:e (ommuni~f gndlifte ,~hildre!lthem'selye5 should be IIdiy,e!ly ,emjm~ged in scl]o,o'~ impro:Yemen~inirrllliirves.

~$J lle:eiP' Il!iJth hY$ IlInd 9'111$ ifr!litih~III~. The whlll!! oo:mmw'~ily; in(i,udfill1g ~:a'Gdell!S/Ip,mrleli1Jl'~) fitde,n~'~ !C!ndI1ell~br;~ ~~~wlld w~rk t'~m:ether hI e!lsure~hgllcll~ I~hildren in ~he ,@reo ~ne elil~(dled. Eno'rrts should be made~o help~n:o'$e who are ot lUi$k of dropping ou~,

II Pr~mer [In THE M~lUNNUIM [lEVH(]lPMHll GOAl'S

(7) INolilto~herr slloulld cI'ie g'iviingl Uile~ IEvery 1~![!LlglmOIil(y must b!l mn~ITde[a~1 0 risk.

IDel~velill's,slnD'Wlr,~ !WIl! ,clone' ~'V Il :!i~~ II~~I M rth 1[[111endon~in ~ heollilli ~ll(iIily .. IPlro~err spol:!Tn,gl o~ childr:en prflliients mDt~lmul dl'!uf~·s by 1lI~1 10 ~O%~~ ond inhml dla~llh~s ~y Ilpl'D~Oo/O.

(@') Whem pr!!,gllil(lncv i$w(lntedr !Jborrti'm b; IPi1e'lellltec!l. Pr;eglmliiln~ women :wiI1!m, ~IiIO ImllU !Nolil1ed 0 b!lby ,mil 011 ~ were ~ii~elyt'D ~~1ile on iildm:lld oborlll!ml1!, ,tilldiflgs sllgges~lin.oil U%r Oit obor~i:DmiijI1l1,e IF'MITp,I~[iltLl!S l[On be prevllll~jjd if women de~~l'ingliIJil ~elillilry orr limi~ chiidbeuJUliIg 'w~re m,(j u~e modem bu~ .offil~:Iii'~!II~ ~!i:llfll, ond h!ghlV effredrr~e memhllds of {onll[lml[epHrl!ill,1

~r) Ilf aWrll:m.'IIlnl !laO! phlilif the spacinglilf: "elr chi.dlelil.r she cmn pllln heir iIiIln:dl hell" ~lmi;llr'$ Ilife. Wlren '0 womnJi beurs dfildten Om Im:8 1p1l(1'! she .J1:l,mDlfie!~ shlllJlJ iilll~81 III atiler ~repored~(I~Il'~i! (I'D ria of Il1em ondher filmilV's heulth,be[pme mo!\ ~m~'~'HiYe Dnd Ii'l!{! 0 ~ulfilli"g lif,e\

(lQi) S:e'~ul:d alll~ Il1!pt(llihJdf'l(! riglhritS' cure h!!ll'l1llllilldgllfrh" In ~19&8,. the IliJ~~mlii1illnlll ~ellr ~Of !HIWI!T1Il.mIIRii~'~1~, DIN lili!eli1lilllJ e~"smM~. !rlei(o~llij!ed~~:a Irigh~ ,mum:~liVtd!iwmlls uJldlo.!lpll(!'51o oll(ideliile]r f!l!ilmlly siz:e..

(11) llliJ¥'e:Sliingl hillPlliP UllafirGIl1l Clna re:Pfiod:utitiiVe! liIelld~l1i$ ICijlSt·eKedi'le. Couple~ WWo' IP~\mlnl omd ~Tmill mh.eif fom-illiysm~B Oifl $poO! mordund~lor ~hl'!ir childreniS eoruGIlI~r:Oii:llr 'ooQo

ili;md hllor~h. It ~~Ildy showl!d~hDlliJIS mll[h 0570'% IOlf l~e ~Ulst 10lf ~rlogfllmsrilil' bush:: so (iol siBirrvim s Imn be sllume.~ 1(]'uUrom SllviflgS inmned dUe t,c' l!oM! ~lm~w~I\i:l~illn gnjwth.~ Ilil'l!'e~1nlig ~1'1 ~IID~~Q[epti~es. ",tUII soyethe I~m,~emmeflt ~ome PhP800 millioll n vel!ilr in medi~llil ,ro's;~sfor Il!'rw~mte.d prngfllm(ie·5.9

I •

A Prim e r on TH E MILLEN N m M OIEVIE!LO IPME N r GOALS

(12) P'opullllti:O'1l hnpptt5; an fillie ,MDGs, 'l'he ~lDlrgef I~'a pO~lw~lfii,ulln 0 ()Oiw~liltlrr ~!IsJ~hegre'lilla;~ w-uIUII~,~ 111l.e pm~smelln mi~$i(S!IHiol :5erv][e~ und lin iillmll~¥ljJlll !r,e~OlJru~~, I~nt~e p~mppillesJ lIuJm mhon ,mliilJel millioll boMes am bom ilVil!lryy,eliJ~. T~e¥ will il,e mle:e~im:.ml J,el$Ollfte~ ~Df Im8,aln~'[Ofe:, $(lmiIJilJllJiiI@i

rCloldl, dotMli1:gll~liil:dl, ~lilelrr on, :employment Ey,einl 1odoy, l~eSiel lmee,dl$ 'mlHI iiliill't IlDeifnQi mel~

(13) PQted tlhre Y'ol!lflihlfrom HIIIV. P[illljlU~~' IDl':UlnHe inhmm:mllilOill 0:1:1, AimS: ~1[[!a'SS~Dr I[Omprehell'sffi1le SI!rWlr,[i!:~fllrsi9~llillly nonsmine:d iIlJ'e~I:~o.ml$ (STls) ~Dn ~e:lp pr,ijljlilntllme ~pfeDd of Hlr1/.

(btl l:aw'l l;eadeli1 $lIou:la IC:now the! IiIIII 1!llma sr~ leipid~mi~ i:1iI .he1ir con"iltihenCies-.

Jimelv~ sllI':liJllegic ITnlfofRIomioll neJjdsHI ml!lI~;~irli@lrli:l~ed~Of IDI~IP~:p:~iotle"c:mbn. &y kllliWUiil:glllme la~~i~~l[I1t[1 lm!lets:~lilllial[\jaln~nofi5 flo[ lhilIli1fQ'~l oBi5~.Iii[iilO \u,i~lmewli:l'lJj!e"IPiJ;pu!IIi:l[laOIil~; ,mll be me ~,glllmll[m.ad.l~flowing ofle's epi~e!mi(will !IlluMe leoder~I~llplrlil m.111m,w·!)OIM !lIliO ~Iig~·impocl inMlr'liiStllUlI1l5 liit ~hl! IDlD~ ulnd no~ionolleilfe~'5!,

(I.~ LD(~'I clilhifi eiJle~lt.itiill.I!IS Ined 'to ensure fliult, Ico:mlPreh.eliliS~ve 5:111 se'rv;ces: ClJ'e i'lli plClce Pl1di ClCl!e,S$ilbl~ 1!lllt tille, l!m'l Ilell'et

'~l.1~OO'; 2006:. 1 NI}H$. 200.3 ~' I€)w~ta .• ,2:GQ8

g ISi:Jftm~@leIi4JPJ ~,

II Pr~mer on THE M~lUNNUIM DEVHDPMHH GOAl'S

I~ wi~11 bl! (I 'Woddl'Olflil1li!1r,el mlmlffiltlOolY. 0 wm~o ~hotr'e!sp(!(1s CI!III~~imiJllllcm,dllr,ellugliDnlS di\l'IlI'5~~y aild 0 worW,rlI: ~hot ~DS dromomlm'lliy I~\aoensed~he nlllmbef o~ exllr,emruely ~illllilrr;

~Il MDIGs )11~i~ilIIJrl ~hll hellr1 of who~ ileeds UI be (hoil!led iilti1:Il! 1~1['m!nll, m'i1;ay 11m oboll~ a bellelr~Willlm olmo 11.1%0\1 ~5Iplll,)sibl~D~ulllirn ~hotw,e Im,m,'llie l[hO~l!il mlll'D:~1l bl!lil:mse W'BID IIII :h~ieJ!lie III thonge olld ~mlls!~ormotion inllo' liJllil,eUer wodd - 0 Wllrm~:W:~ue :m:OllonB ICDII $ovthOllhre IUS rd!ap[i'lllld ofmhree square full I'!ilielililis 'mll~Dry; whllifelliom Olil! IIf u:s hilS IITlIJ nry I[holt!!~; where .every ,thUd mil ha properly ilmmuredl eduooted wi~l1lll'flre5~IHII) {el"D '~;m~lIrl~1 ~u~ure; where Wllmell ore ~reot,edl,eqiW'tlllllf ImllilJ~ ,e!~I~oy eql~ol~ ~~~Im:nunlrrlijie~; where we IJIJimllcrr,Ulhll dson 'mli~ drink deo" olld sd~e wDI,a~ elljllylill.a il!euslIrlls t~mlo de!on 1I1'JW1[r'Q1JiiIi1:emrl ~m'l!'ide:s olmo liUljHn~oili ~ood supply hom a produdi\liB IB;olvirollllilileli]rJ- II wilrldli~lml adhere~ ~o pencil olildS)elwfi.~1Yf

IF9SIPc e,Ms humnll fu~:ml'51 IP['IilI[I~i(lls good govemOIl~e! ICinill,~.['M'Ilcl~l~e poor '~ii1mll~!B ljIlw~'rn!elrrlc'mllle,

,

A Prim e r on T~ E MILLEN N m M OIEVIElO IP'ME N T GOALS

jO·4S1 + 3ll,

(2, ~ 7.3 ugt