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Born in Tokyo, the oldest of the eight sons of Ichiro Ishikawa. In 1939 he graduated University of
Tokyo with an engineering degree in applied chemistry. His first job was as a naval technical officer
(1939-1941) then moved on to work at the Nissan Liquid Fuel Company until 1947. Ishikawa would now
start his career as an associate professor at the University of Tokyo. He then undertook the Presidency of
the Musashi Institute of Technology in 1978.

In 1949, Ishikawa joined the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) quality control research
group. After World War II Japan looked to transform its industrial sector, which in North America was then
still perceived as a producer of cheap wind-up toys and poor quality cameras. It was his skill at mobilizing
large groups of people towards a specific common goal that was largely responsible for Japan's quality-
improvement initiatives. He translated, integrated and expanded the management concepts of W.
Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Juraninto the Japanese system.

After becoming a full professor in the Faculty of Engineering at The University of Tokyo (1960) Ishikawa
introduced the concept of quality circles (1962) in conjunction with JUSE. This concept began as an
experiment to see what effect the "leading hand" (Gemba-cho) could have on quality. It was a natural
extension of these forms of training to all levels of an organization (the top and middle managers having
already been trained). Although many companies were invited to participate, only one company at the
time, Nippon Telephone & Telegraph, accepted. Quality Circles would soon become very popular and
form an important link in a company's Total Quality Management System. Ishikawa would write two books
on quality circles (V    and
    V    ).

Among his efforts to promote quality were the Annual Quality Control Conference for Top Management
(1963) and several books on Quality Control (the  V    was translated into English).
He was the chairman of the editorial board of the monthly    V    Ishikawa was
involved in international standardization activities.

1982 saw the development of the Ishikawa diagram which is used to determine root causes.

At Ishikawa's 1989 death, Juran delivered this eulogy:

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1]

edit]Contributions to quality
â User Friendly Quality Control
â Fishbone Cause and Effect Diagram - Ishikawa diagram
â Implementation of Quality Circles
â Emphasised the Internal customer
â Shared Vision
edit]Awards and recognition

â 1972 American Society for Quality's Eugene L. Grant Award


â 1977 Blue Ribbon Medal by the Japanese Government for achievements in industrial standardization
â 1988 Walter A. Shewhart Medal
â 1988 Awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasures, Second Class, by the Japanese government.
edit]Books

â Ishikawa, Kaoru (1980) original Japanese ed. 1970]. V    V 
. Tokyo: QC Circle Headquarters, Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers.
â Ishikawa, Kaoru (1985).
    V    . Tokyo: QC Circle Headquarters, Union
of Japanese Scientists and Engineers.
â Ishikawa, Kaoru (1985) First published in Japanese 1981]. È  V   
È  !   V   "#$" #
 %. D. J. Lu (trans.).
New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0139524339.
â Ishikawa, Kaoru (1990). u   V   . J. H. Loftus (trans.). Tokyo: 3A Corporation



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