Está en la página 1de 5

BÄssZh- § fpw

Bßob B`m-k-§fpw
\u^Â \´n ¯n-t\m, CXc sshÚm-\nI ]ptcm-K- in£-W-\-S-]-Sn-IÄ kzoI-cn-¨p. \njv]-
Xn-IÄt¡m Is­-¯m³ km[n-¡m¯ £-ambn am\-h-N-cn-{Xs¯ A]-{K-Ùn-
F¡m-e-L-«-§-fnepw a\p-jy-Po-hn- Kth-jW - , \nco-£W - , ]co-£W - §
- Ä¡- ¡p¶ BÀ¡pw C¯cw Hcp Nm{In-IX
Xs¯ ]cn-hÀ¯n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw D±o-]n-¸n- Xo-X-ambn am\-h-k-aqlw XmXzn-I-ambn Ncn-{X-¯n-epS-\ofw ImWm³ Ign-bpw.
¡p-Ibpw sNbvX [Àa-t_m-[-¯nsâ AwKo-I-cn-¡p¶ am\-hnI aqey-§-fm-bn- ssZhnI amÀK- Z Ài- \ - t ¯m- S pÅ
DuÀP-t{kmX-Êm-bn-cp¶p aXw. a\pjy cp¶p {]hm-NI {]t_m-[\- ¯ - nsâ CXn- km[m-c-W-¡m-cpsS ià-amb A\p-[m-
Pohn-X-¯nsâ kÀh-X-e- kv]Àin-bmb hr-¯w. X§-fpsS BZÀi-§Ä¡-\p-kr- h-\-hm-RvO-sb kaÀY-ambn NqjWw
]ptcm-K-Xn¡v bYmÀY- aX-s¯-t¸-mse X-ambn kz-Po-hn-Xs¯ {Ia-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m- sNbvXp-sIm­v Bßo-bX - sb hmWn-Py-
Znim-t_m[w \ÂInb asämcp kwhn-[m- ­
- mWv {]hm-NI - ·
- m-cJ
- n-ehpw Pohn-¨X
- v. hÂIcn-¡m-\pÅ ]cn-{i-a-§fpw Ncn-{X-
\-s¯bpw kpZoÀL-amb am\h Ncn-{X- ]t£,- Hmtcm {]mh-N-Is³-d-bpw- Ime- ¯n At§m-fa- n-t§mfw D­m-bn-«p-­v.
¯n \ap¡v ZÀin-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã. tijw kaqlw hnizmk sshI-ey-§f- n- Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bmb ssZhs¯ {Iucy-X-
IrXyhpw A\yq-\-hpw hyh-Øm-]n- te-¡pw IÀa-]-c-amb Be-ky-§-fn- bpsS {]Xn-cq-]-ambn {]Xn-j-vTn-¡p-Ibpw
X-hp-ambn Cu {]]-©s- ¯-bpw AXnse te¡pw B\-bn-¡-s¸-«p. F¶m Icp- tijw B ssZh-¯nsâ tIm]w XWp-
{]Xn-`m-k-§-sfbpw krjvSn¨v kwhn-[m- Wm-\n-[n-bmb ssZhw ho­pw ho­pw ¸n-¡m\pw Ahs\ kzm[o-\n-¡m\pw
\n¨ {]]-©-{k-jvSmhv Ahsâ A]m-c- {]hm-NI - ·
- msc \ntbm-Kn-¡p-Ibpw Pohn- ]äp¶ Nne tZho-tZ-h-·msc \nÀan-¡p-
amb Imcp-Wy-¯m Imem-Im-e-§-fn X-¯nsâ BXy-´nI e£y-¯n-te¡v Ibpw Ah-cn-eqsS Bßob Hu¶Xyw
a\p-jy-ka- q-l¯
- n\v kam-[m-\]- qÀW-amb am\-h-Xsb £Wn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ssIh-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI F¶-Xm-bn-
PohnXw \bn-¡m³ {]hm-N-I-·m-cn-eqsS Nne-scms¡ {]hm-N-I-·msc A\p-k- cp¶p BZy-Im-e-§-fn Nqj-tWm-]m-[n-
hyà-amb amÀK-\nÀtZ-iI X¯-z-§Ä cn¨p.- F¶m A[n-I-am-fp-Ifpw Ahsc bmbn ]ptcm-ln-X-·mÀ I­n-cp-¶-Xv.
Ah-X-cn-¸n¨p sImSp-¯p. kmt¦-XnI [n¡-cn-¡p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. [n¡mcw F¶m BtKmfhÂI-cW - ¯
- nsâ Cu
sshZ-Kv[y-¯n-t\m, _u²nI hnIm-k- AXn-cp-I-S-¶-t¸mÄ PK-¶n-b-´mhv Nne ]pXnb temI-{I-a-¯n kaq-l-¯nsâ
2007 s^-{_p--h-cn- 17
hnIm-k-]-cn-Wm-a-§Ä¡-\p-kr-X-ambn
I]SBßo-b-Xbpw Nne "saäm-tamÀ C¯-c¡
- mÀ¡v ap¼n kvt\l-¯n-sâbpw km´z-\¯
- n-sâbpw I]-SX
- b
- m˦ apJm-
t^mknkp'IÄ¡v hnt[-b-am-bn-«p­v h-c-W-hp-ambn {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-Ibpw X§-fpsS [ym\-tI-{µ-¯nse Znhy-ip-{iq-j-bnÂ
F¶Xv Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Hcn-¡-se-¦nepw ]s¦-Sp-¯m kÀh- tcmK-§-fn \n¶pw {]iv\-§-fn \n¶pw
Ignª GXm\pw Zi-I-§Ä¡n-S-
bn hnhn[ imkv{X-im-J-I-fn-ep-­mb apàn e`n-¡p-sa¶pw sXän-²c
- n-¸n¨v "tbip-hn hnizm-khpw Ioi-bn Bizm-khpw'
hnkvab - m-hl - a- mb hnIm-kh- pw BtKmf F¶ a«n ss{IkvXh ]utcm-ln-Xy-amWv C¯cw [ym\-tI-{µ-§f
- psS \nÀam-Xm¡Ä.-
Ia-yq-Wn-k-¯nsâ ]X-\-hpw tkmhn-bäv
bqWn-bsâ Xntcm-[m-\hpw hntam-N-\-
¯nsâ hn¹-h-\m-b-I-sc-t¸mepw Bßo- e-b-§-fpsS _mlpeyw \nan¯w H«p- Bßo-bX- bpw
b-X-e-¯n \n¶p-sIm-­pÅ Hcp hnNn- an¡ aX-{K-Ù-§fpw hne-¡p-IÄ AXn- AÛpX tcmK-im-´nbpw
´-\-¯n-te¡v B\-bn-¨p-sh-¶Xv kv] ew-Ln¨v hnhÀ¯\w sN¿-s¸-«-t¸mÄ AÛpX tcmK-im-´n-sb-¡-p-dn-¨pÅ
jvS-am-Wv. C¯cw Hcp kmaqly a\-x-im- s]mXp-ka- qlw Ahsb ]Tn-¡m³ k¶- anYyhpw hyÀY-hp-amb k¦Â]-§-fmÂ
kv{X-¯nsâ ]cn-t{]-£y-¯n \n¶p- ²-cmbn F¦nepw ]utcm-lnXyw ZpÀhym kaq-l¯ - nse \nÀ[-\c- m- b
- h- sc Hcp ]cn-
sIm­v Bßob hmWn-`-¡m-cpsS Hcp Jym\ IkÀ¯p-I-fn X§-fpsS Akv [n-h-sc-sb-¦nepw X§-fn-te-¡m-IÀjn-
irwJeXs¶ temI-hym-]-I-ambn apf¨v Xn-Xz-¯nsâ \ne-\nÂ]v Is­-¯p-Ibpw, ¡m³ NneÀ¡v km[n-¨n-«p-­v. hmWn-Py-
s]m§n. AXnepw `{Z-X-bmÀ¶ amÀKs¯ tXSp- hÂI-cn-¡s- ¸« B[p-\nI BXpc ip{iq-
Bßo-b-aq-ey-§-fn \n¶v AI¶v Ibpw sNbvXp. A§-s\-bmWv ih-Ip-So- jm-tI-{µ-§-fnse `oa-amb NnInÕm
kzmÀY-hpw k¦p-Nn-X-hp-amb XmÂ]-cy- c-§fpw [ym\-tI-{µ-§f- pw B{i-a§ - f- pw sNehv \nan¯w ]m¸-cmbn¯-oÀ¶
§-fm PohnX e£yw hnkvacn¨ ]e BÄssZ-h-§fpw ]pXnb `mh-§-fn At\Iw IpSpw-_-§Ä \ap¡p Npäp-ap-
X¯-z-Nn-´-I-scbpw Ncn-{X-¯n \mw {]Xy-£s- ¸-Sp-¶X - v. ­v. C¯-c¡ - mÀ¡v ap¼n kvt\l-¯n-
Adn-ªX - m-W.v "lm³kven¨n'sâ Sexual C¯cw Bßob B`m- k - § sf sâbpw km´z-\-¯n-sâbpw I]-S-X-
Life in Ancient Greece’ F¶ {]kn² A{]-Xn-tcm-[y-amb aX-{]-am-W§ - f- p-]t- bm- bmÀ¶ apJm-h-c-W-hp-ambn {]Xy-£-s¸-
{KÙ-¯n tkm{I-«o-kn-sâ-bpw Acn- Kn¨v Bi-b-]-c-ambn FXnÀ¡p-¶-hÀ Sp-Ibpw X§-fpsS [ym\-tI-{µ-¯nse
tÌm-«n-ensâbpw ¹mtäm-bp-sSbpw bh\ [mcm-f-ap-s­-¦nepw Bßob Im]-Sy- Znhy-ip-{iq-jb- n Hcn-¡s- e-¦nepw ]s¦-
IY-IÄ hnh-cn-¡p-¶p-­v. Zni-am-dnb ¯nsâ hym]-\-¯n aoUn-b-IÄ A\ Sp-¯m kÀh- tcmK-§-fn \n¶pw
Bßo-b-X-bpsS ImWm-¡-b-§-fn B Â]-amb ]¦v hln-¡p-I- \nan¯w bYm {]iv\-§-fn \n¶pw apàne`n-¡p-sa
­p-t]mb X¯-zN - n-´I
- c- psS F®w Xn«- ÀY- Bßo-bX - sb thÀXn-cn-¡m³ s]mXp- ¶pw sXän-²-cn-¸n¨v "tbip-hn hnizm-
s¸-Sp-¯m³ {]bm-ka- m-Wv. k-aqlw {]bm-ks- ¸-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. khpw Ioi-bn Bizm-khpw' F¶
thZ-§-sfbpw hnizm-k-§-sf-bp-sa At\-I-am-fp-I-fpsS Nn´m-ti-jnbpw a«n ss{IkvXh ]utcm-ln-Xy-amWv
Ãmw ]pNv-O-t¯msS am{Xw A`n-ho-£n- ka-bhpw k¼-¯pw ssZhnI t{kmX- C¯cw [ym\-tI-{µ-§-fpsS \nÀam-Xm-
¡p-¶-h-cmWv C¶pÅh-cn ]e-cpw. Êp-IÄ Adn-bm-\pÅ Ah-ImihpsaÃmw ¡Ä.- XpSÀ¶v FÃm aXhn`m-K-§-fn-se
ImcWw a\pjyPohn-Xs¯ hna-eo-I-cn- C¯cw [ym\-tI-{µ-§Ä a\x-]qÀh-w bpw ]utcm-lnXy kam-\-X-bp-Å-hÀ C
¡m-\p-X-Ip¶ Bßo-b-aq-ey-§sf hÃ- l\n-¡p-Ib - m-Wv. ¯cw Hcp coXn hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¯p.
t¸mgpw BhÀ¯n-¡p¶ tIhew Nne {]m]-©nI {]Xn-`m-k-§sf A`n-ho- B[p-\nI sshZy-imkv{Xw Is¿m-
BNm-c§ - f- n-sem-Xp-¡p-Ibpw \nXyPohn- £n-¡p¶ GsXm-cmÄ¡pw Bbm-kc- l - n- gnª Hcp tcmKhpw C¯cw [ym\-tI-
X-¯nsâ aÀa-{]-[m\ taJ-eI - f- psS ]pd- X-ambn t_m[y-s¸-Sp¶ ZrjvSm-´§ - t- fm- {µ-§Ä t`Z-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«nÃ. am\-kn-Ia- m-
t¼m-¡n-te¡v Bßo-b-Xsb amän\nÀ tcm¶pw ssZhm-kvXn-Xz-¯nsâ A\n- bp-­m-Ip¶ Nne tXm¶-ep-Isf alm
¯p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Hcp kmaq-lnI {Ia- tj[y sXfn-hp-I-fmbn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-I- tcmK-ambn Nn{Xo-Ic- n-¡p-Ibpw Iu¬kn-
¯n \n¶mWv Bßo-bX - b
- psS hmWn- bpw, Imem-Im-e-§-fn \nbp-à-cmb enwKn-\v- Bßo-ba- m\w \ÂIp-Ib - p-am- Wv
Py-hÂIcWw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶X - v. {]hm-N-I-·m-cpsS Pohn-Xhpw ktµ-i-hp- [ym\-tI-{µ-§Ä sN¿p-¶-Xv. P·\m
CXnsâ ^e-ambn im´n-b-t\z-jn- saÃmw IrXy-amb am\-ZÞ - § - f- m A]- imco-cn-Im-h-b-h-§Ä¡v sshIeyw
¡p¶ \njvIf-¦-cpw tam£w tXSp¶ {K-Y\ hnt[-ba- m¡n A\yq-\s- a¶v t_m _m[n-¨Xv \nan¯w C´y-bnse Zi-¡-
ip²-K-Xn-¡mcpw aX-¯nsâ te_-sem- [y-s¸-«m Ah AwKo-Ic- n-¡p-Ibpw Ah- W-¡n\v [ym\-tI-{µ-§Ä kµÀin¨v
«n¨ amen-\y-§-fn-se-¯n-s¸-Sp-¶p. aX- bv¡-\p-kr-X-ambn Pohn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p- \ncm-i-cmbn Ign-bp¶ At\Iw Bfp-
¯nsâ auenI {]am-W§ - f- mb thZ-§Ä I. CXmWv bYmÀY- aX-¯nsâ {]t_m- Isf Cu teJ-I\v Xs¶ t\cn-«-dn-bmw.
P\-§-fn \n¶pw ad¨p shbv¡pI [\coXn.- ZuÀ`m-Ky-hi - m A¯ cw Hcp hmb-\¡ - mÀ¡pw A¯cw H«-\h- [n DZm-
F¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p ap³Im-e§ - f- n ]utcm- coXn Ah-ew-_n-¡m³ am{Xw kvJen-X- l-cW- §- Ä kvarXn-]Y- ¯- n sXfn-bp-¶p-
lnXy Nqj-W-¯nsâ {][m\ ZuXyw. c-ln-Xa- mb {]am-W§ - f- psS A`m-ha- mWv ­m-Imw F¶-Xn-\m Cu hnj-b-ambn
aX-]-cn-hÀ¯-\-¯n\v [ym\-tI-{µ-§Ä IqSp-Xs- em¶pw Fgp-tX-­X - n-ÃtÃm.- sF
F¶m hnÚm\ hnkvt^m-S-\- \nÀa-n-¡pI F¶ timN-\o-bm-h-Ø-bn- ³Ìo-\p tijw temIw I­ Gähpw
t¯msS DZbw sNbvX {]kn-²o-I-c-Wm- te¡v Nnesc \bn-¨-Xv. {]K-Û-\mb `uXnIimkv{X-Ú³ Ìo
2007 s^-{_p--h-cn- 18
Znhy-Xz-ap-Å-h-cm-Wv.... At\Iw P·-§-
kzbw,- ssZh-amWv Xms\¶ Ah-Im-ih
- mZw At\Iw Øe-§f
- n kmbn BhÀ¯n- fnse sXäp-I-fn-eqsS AhÀ IÀa-¯nsâ
¡p- ¶ Xv kmbn- - { ]- k n- ² o- I - c - W - § - f n- e qsS IS- ¶ p- t ]m- I p¶ GsXm- c mÄ¡pw Imcm-Kr-l-¯n F¯n-s¸-«p. Rm³ aÀ
\njv{]bmkw ImWm³ Ign-bpw. F¶m Nne L«-§f
- n At±lw Cu ho£-Ww-
Xy-cq-]-sa-Sp-¯Xv Fsâ kz´w CNv-Om-
i-àn-sIm-­m-W.v a\p-jyÀ ico-ch- p-ambn
hnimeam¡p-Ibpw AssZzX `qan-I-bn \n¶psIm­v {]Xn-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿m- _Ôn-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Rm³ Cu
dp­v. _Ô-\-¯nÂ\n¶pw apà-\m-bn-cn-¡p-
¶p.'' CXnÂ\n¶pw FÃm- a-\p-jy-cnepw
Znhymw-i-ap-s­¶pw AXv Xncn-¨-dn-bp-
^³ tlm¡n§v Igp-¯n\v Xmsg ico- thZn-If- n ]s¦-Sp-¯Xv A½-bpsS al- hm³ Ign-ªp-sh-¶-XmWv _m_-bpsS
cm-hb
- h- §
- s- fm¶pw Nen-¸n-¡m-\m-hm¯ ¯-z-ambn ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ hyXn-cnIvXX- -F¶pw- hnh-c-W-am-h-iy-an-
hyàn-bmWv F¶ hkvXpX "t]m«' [ym A¯cw thZn-Isf Ah-KW - n-¨p-sh-¶Xv Ãm-¯-hn[w {Kln-¡m-atÃm! CXv kXy-
\-tI{µw apXÂ h¯n-¡m³hsc-bpÅ _m_-bpsS Hu¶-Xy-ambn hymJym-\n-¡- sa-¦nÂ(?) Zim-_vZ§ - f- mbn tIc-f¯ - nÂ
"]cn-ip-²m-ß-m¡Ä'-¡v Adn-hp-Å-Xm-W s¸-Sp¶p! H¶nÂIq-Sp-X ssZh-§Ä \n¶p-Xs¶ At\Iw `à-·mÀ _m_
tÃm.- F¶n«pw Ft´ Bcpw X§-fpsS D­m-bn-cp-s¶-¦n Cu {]]-©-¯nsâ sb Bcm-[n-¡p-¶p. F¶n-«p-sat´ Ah
B{i-a-¯n-tet¡m [ym\-tI-{µ-¯n-te Xmf-{Iaw hmin-aqew `w-Ks- ¸-Sp-Ibpw {]m À¡v X§-fnse Znhy-Xzs¯ ZÀin-¡m-
t¡m £Wn¨v Cu alm-\mb imkv{X- ]-©n-I-\m-i-¯n\v \nan-¯-am-h-p-Ibpw t\m, Bßob Hu¶-Xy-¯nsâ ]mc-ay-
Úsâ imco-cnI sshI-ey-¯n\v ia\w sN¿p-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶ JpÀ-B\- nI Bi X-bn F¯n-s¸-Smt\m A§s\ _m_
\ÂIp-¶n-Ã?- bw F{X {]k-àw-!- C¯cw hn-jb - §
- Ä- ¡v Xpey-cm-hmt\m Ign-bp-¶n-Ã?- ""Rm³
Imc-Ww- hy-àa- m-Wv. C¯cw sshI- ¡v- -{]Nmcw \ÂIm³ h³InS Nm\-ep-I aÀXy-cq-]-sa-Sp-¯Xv Fsâ kz´w CNv-
ey-§Ä [ym\-tI-{µ-§Ä aptJ\ t`Z- fpw ap¯-Èn-]-{X-§fpw ImWn-¡p¶ A Om-ià - n-sIm-­m-Wv' - F-¶- {]-kX v- m-h\- -
s¸-«-Xn\v {]kvXpX [ym\-tI-{µ-¯nse Ûp-X-I-c-amb kmlkw F{X hnNn{Xw! Xm³- ssZ-ha- m-sW-¶-v sh-fn-s¸-Sp-¯e- m-W.v -
Poh-\-¡m-cp-tS-X-Ãm¯ hnizm-k-tbm-Ky- kmbn-ZÀi-\¯
- n\v kzbw,- ssZh-amWv Xms\¶ Ah-Im-
amb bmsXmcp tcJ-bp-an-söv am{X-aÃ;- CkvemanI hmb-\tbm? i-hmZw At\Iw Øe-§-fn kmbn
C¯cw {]hr-¯n-IÄ ss__nÄ hncp- GI-ssZ-h- hn-izm-k-¯nsâ ASn-¯- BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv kmbn- {- ]-kn-²o-Ic- W - -
²-hp-am-Wv. tbip-hnsâ \ma-¯n tcm d-bn PohnXw {Iao-I-cn-¡m-\pw- _lp- §-fn-eqsS IS-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ GsXm-cmÄ
Kw kpJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bpw `qX-§sf ]pd- ssZ-h-Xz-¯nsâ \nJn-e- -X-e-§sfb-pw ¡pw \njv{]-bmkw ImWm³ Ign-bpw.
¯m-¡p-Ibpw t]mepÅ {]hÀ¯n-IÄ AXn-\n-in- X
- hpw DÄ¡mgvNm`cn-Xh- p-amb F¶m Nne L«-§-fn At±lw Cu
sN¿p-¶-hsc A[Àa-Im-cn-I-fm-bmWv Bib hnaÀi-\-§-fn-eqsS \njv{]-`-am- ho£-W-w hn-imeam¡p-Ibpw AssZzX
]pXnb\nbaw ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv (a- ¡m\pw DZvtLm-jn¨ Ckvemansâ XW- `qan-I-bn \n¶psIm­v {]Xn-I-cn-¡p-
¯mbn 7:22).- enÂ\n-¶p-sIm­v kq^o-Nn-´-bn-eqsS Ibpw sN¿m-dp-­v. kmbnZÀi-\-¯nsâ
C-tXm- a-l¯
- z-¯n-s³-d- A-Sb- m-f§
- Ä?- AssZz-X-¯n-te-¡pw, _lp-ssZ-h-Xz- ss[j-Wn-I-\mb s{]m^: _jo-dp-±-o³
2001-þÂ amXr-`qan ]pd-¯n-d-¡nb ¯nsâ aäp Zni-If- n-te¡pw £Wn-¡p¶ Fgp-Xp-¶p:- ""Fsâ `mcy H-cn-¡Â- _m
"A½' F¶ Aar-Xm-\-µ-abn k¹n-saân hntcm-[m-`m-khpw \ap¡v ZÀin-¡m³ _-tbmSv ]dªp:- "kzmao!- A§v ssZh-
sâ H¶mw teJ\¯n-s³-d- t]-cv- "alm- Ignbpw. Ckvemanse ssZh hnizm-k- amWv.- At§-¡nXv sN¿m³I-gnbpw'-.- _m
ÛpXw' F¶mWv.- AXn sFIy-cm-jv{S- ¯n-sâ-bpw apl-½-Zv- \-_n-(e)-bp-sS- {]h- _ -]-dªp:- "\obpw ssZhw-Xs¶.- ]
k-`-bn AhÀ sNbvX Hcp {]`m-j-W- N-\¯- nsâ ]qÀ¯o-Ic- W - hpw kmbn-bn t£,- \o AXn-s\-¸-än- t_m[-h-Xn-b-Ã''
¯nsâ t^mt«m sImSp-¡p-Ibpw C¯cw kÔn-¡p¶psh¶-Xn-\m-emWv Xm³ _m (Golden Age, page 179).- CXn \n¶pw
\nc-h[n A´m-cmjv{S thZn-IÄ A½- _-bpsS Bcm-[-I-\mbn amdn-bXv F¶- FÃmw ssZh-sa¶ AssZ-zX-amWv kmbn
bpsS km¶n-[y- ¯- m k¼-¶c- mbn F¶v h-Im-i-s¸-Sp-Ibpw kmbn-ZÀi-\-¯n\v ZÀi-\-¯nsâ ImXse-¶v- hyà-am-Wv.
tZymXn-¸n-¡p¶ ]cm-aÀi-§Ä \S-¯p- CkvemanI hmb\ \nÀtZ-in-¡p-Ibpw B kv{XobpsS B{Klw k^-ea- m-¡m³
Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. F¶m CtX amXr- sN¿p¶ Hcp apkvenw \ma-[m-cn- X-sâ _m_¡v Akm-[y-am-bX - n-\m-emWv C{]-
`qan Xs¶ AXn-\p-tijw 2003-þÂ {]kn- hm-Z¯- n\pt]mÂ_e-Ia- mbn C¯cw "kq Imcw samgn-ª-sX-¶mWv \tS D²-cn¨
²o-I-cn¨ "kmbn-h-µ\w'F¶ kmbn- ^o-' "AssZzX' {KÙ-§-fmWv Ah-ew- {KÙ-¯nsâ kq£va- hmb-\-bn \n¶v
_m_ k¹n-saân "kmbn Adn-bm³,- _n-¡p-¶Xv! Cu cq]-¯n-epÅ {KÙ-§- {Kln-¡m-hp-¶Xv!
kmbnsb Adn-bm³' F¶ teJ-\¯ - n fpsS {]mam-Wn-IX sXfn-bn-¡m³ s]Sm-
Fgp-Xp¶p:- ""Hcp ]{X-k-t½-f\w \mfn- ]mSv s]Sp¶ bmYm-Øn-XnI ]ptcm-ln- Xm³ ssZh-am-sW¶ Ah-Im-ih- mZw
Xp-hsc bpKm-hX - mcw hnfn¨pIq«n-bn-«n-Ã. XÀ¡pw \½psS \m«n ]ª-anÃ! \qdp-i-X-am\w kXy-am-sW¶v kzbw
Hcp kn³Un-t¡äv tbmK-¯n-tem, sk\äv "ae-bm-f-a-t\m-ca' {]kn-²o-I-cn¨ {]Jym-]n-¡p-Ib - pw, A\p-bm-bn-If- m {]
tbmK-¯ntem Nm³k-e-dmb kmbn-_m ""kmbn-]qP 2006''- t]Pv 11-þÂ Hcp tNmZy- N-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ _m_-sb- Im-
_ Hcp {]kv dneokv ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn-¨n-«nÃ''- ¯n\p¯c- a mbn _m_ ]d- b p- ¶ Xv Wm³ Cdm-\nÂ\n¶pw Hcp h\nX kmbn
(t]Pv 16).- t\m¡q!- \nc-h[n A´m-cmjv{S ImWpI: ""FÃm-a\- p-jycpw Fs¶-t¸mse B{i-a¯ - n _m_-bpsS k¶n-[n-bn-se-
2007 s^-{_p--h-cn- 19
¯n. AhÀ ]d-ªp: ""As¶mcp Znhkw
Hcp CâÀhyqhn As§-\n¡v Hcp P]- ss\cm-iy-¯nsâ Ccp-fp-If
- nÂ\n¶v im´n-bpsS imZz-eX
- o-ca- t- \z-jn-¡p-¶h
- sc B\µ-
am-e-X-¶p. F¶m-en-t¸m-sg-\n¡v Ft¸m ¯nsâ ]mc-ay-Xb
- n-se-¯n-¡ms\¶ hymtP\ "B\-tµm-Õh
- §
- Ä' kw-LS- n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw
gpw P]n-¡m³ ]änb Hcp a{´w A§v
]d-ªp-X-cq''-. _m_ ]dªp:- ""ssZhw tbmK-imkv{X Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n [\-k-¼m-Z-\-¯nsâ ]mtY-b-sam-cp-¡p-Ibpw
GI-\mW.-v AXn-\m \o AÃmlv F¶p sN¿p¶ {io{io-amÀ¡pw tIcfw hf-¡q-dpÅ a®m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.
]d-bp-I (Sathya Sai the Avatar of love
page 9).-
t\m¡q BZy-ap-²c- n¨ {KÙ-¯n-eqsS
kÀhcpw ssZh-sa¶ AssZz-X-k-¦Â s¶ km£yw hln¨p! izk-\-{In-b-t]m tkh-\¯ - nsâ s]mbvap-JamWv BÄssZ-
]s¯-¡p- d- n¨v hmNm-e\- mb _m_, Cdm- epw hnÂ]\¨-c-¡m-¡n- amän kmwkvI-m- h-§s- f-t¸mse Xmc-ssZ-h§ - fpw Ah-ew-
\o-h-\n-X-bv-¡p- ap¼n GI-ssZh -hm-Zn- cn-Im-[n-\n-thiw \S-¯p¶ C¯c¡m-sc- _n-¡p-¶-Xv.
bm-Ip¶p! Cdm-\n-IÄ¡pw C´y-ImÀ¡pw Bib]c-am-bn- t\-cn-Sm-\p-Å- BÀPhap- C¯cw Hcp ^m³kv Atkm-kn-tb-
hyXykvX - - ssZh-k¦- Â]tam? "at\m-ca' Å
- - _p-²n-Po-hn-IÄ- (CS-Xp-]£- a- m-bm-epw jsâ {]hÀ¯-I\- p-ambn kwkm-cn-¡m³
{]kn-²o-I-cn¨ k¹n-saân FÃm a\p- he-Xp-]£ - a- m-bmepw)- apt¶m«v hcp¶nà Ah-kcw e`n-¨-t¸mÄ "^m³kv' {]hÀ
jy-cnepw Znhy-Xz-ap-s­¶pw F¶m F¶Xv {it²-b-amWv! (H-ä-s¸« i_vZw ¯-I-\m-Im³ \n§-fpsS {]tNm-Z-\-sa-
Xm³ AXv Xncn-¨d- nªp ssZh-am-sb¶pw ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn¨ Nnesc hnkvac- n-¡p-¶n-Ã).- s´¶v Cu teJ-I³ tNmZn-¨t- ¸mÄ At±
_m_ Xs¶ ]d-bp¶p (t]Pv 11).- Xmc-ssZ-h§
- Ä Xcw-Ka- m-hp-t¼mÄ lw \ÂInb adp-]Sn ""taml³em-ensâ
F{X -hn-Nn-{X-amb hnI-e-X-IÄ! Bßo-b-X-bpsS I]-S-tI-{µ-§-fn-te- IqsS-\n¶v t^mt«m FSp¡mw,- ]ns¶
C¯-c-¯n km[m-c-W-¡m-cpsS Ah- ¡pÅ XoÀY-bm-{X-tbm-sSm¸w Iq«n-hm-bn- At±-l-¯nsâ s]gvk-W \¼dpw
t_m-[c- m-ln-Xys¯ Ah-kc- h- m-Z]- c- n-t{]- t¡-­-XmWv ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bn -Im- \ap¡v e`n¡pw! am{X-aà jq«nwKv Øe
£y-¯n-eqsS A[a-Xzm-[njvSnX hnizm- Wp¶ Xmcm-[\.- ]s­ms¡ Xan-gv\m-«n ¯v \s½ I­m \t½mSv kwkm-cn-
k-§-fn-te¡v \bn-¡pI F¶-XmWv se Ip{Km-a-§-fn am{X-am-bn-cp¶p ¡m³t]mepw emte-«³ kabw Is­
kmbn- a-X¯ - nsâ ZmÀi-\n-Im-Sn-¯d! Cu shÅn-¯n-cn-bnse C¯cw \mbn-Im-\m- ¯pw''-F-¶m-bn-cp-¶p.- ae-bm-fn- bp-h-X-
cq]-¯n sshcp-[-ym-ß-I-hpw sshhn- b-I-·m-tcm-SpÅ Bcm-[\m at\m-`mhw bpsS C¯cw kmwkvIm-cnI PoÀW-X-
{Xym-ßI - h- p-amb hnizm-k§
- Ä DÂ]mZn- {]I-S-am-bn-cp-¶-Xv-. F¶m km£-c-X- sb-¡p- d- n¨v Fgp-Xm-t\m, ]d-bmt\m kmw
¸n¨v s]mXpkaq-ls¯ I_-fn-¸n-¡p¶ bn \qdp-ta-\n-hn-f-bn-¨, aäp kwØm-\- kvIm-cnI tIc-f¯ - n Bfn-ÃmsX t]mb-
DÂ- ]mZ\ ^mIv S dnIÄ- cmPym- §sf At]-£n¨v {]_p-²-sa¶v \mw Xn kl-X-]n-¡pI \mw!
XnÀ¯nbpw t` Zn¨v bm{X XpS-cp-¶p.
B
- \- t- µm-Õhw
s]cp-¼d apg-¡p¶ \½psS tIc-f¯ - n -Zn-im-t_m[w e`n-¡m³
Hcp km¼-¯n-I Nq-j-Ww-
kn\n-am-\m-b-I-·m-cpsS t]cn ^m³kv
Atkm-kn-tb-j\pI-fp-­m¡n Bcm-
ssZhn-IZ- Ài\w!
[\m`mhw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶ b - p-hX
- n-, bphm- F¡m-eL - «- §
- f- n-sebpw am\h kaq-
ss\cm-iy-¯nsâ Ccp-fp-I-fnÂ\n¶v ¡Ä s]cp-Ins¡m­ncn¡p¶-Xmbn \nco- ls¯ Akz-Ø-am-¡nb {]Xn-`m-k-am-
im´n-bpsS imZz-e-Xo-c-a-t\z-jn-¡p-¶- £-W-§Ä hyà-am-¡p-¶p. C¯cw bn-cp¶p Aim-´n. Imep-jy-amÀ¶ A´-
hsc B\-µ-¯nsâ ]mc-ay-X-bn-se-¯n- ^m³kv Atkm-kn-tb-j-\p-IÄ X½n co-£-¯nÂ\n¶pw kzØ-hpw {]iv\-c-
¡ms\¶ hymtP\ "B\-tµm-Õh- § - Ä' -kw-LÀj-§Ä \-S-¡m-dp-ap-­v-!- Cub-Sp- ln-Xh- p-amb Hcp Pohn-X¯ - n-\mbn Imem-
kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw tbmK-imkv{X Zpcp- ¯v- Hcp kq¸Àkvä-m-d-nsâ Nn{X-¯n-s\- Im-e-§-fn tZi,- `mj, hÀW-§Ä¡-
]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n [\-k-¼m-Z-\-¯nsâ Xnsc asämcp kq¸À Ìmdnsâ A\p-bm- Xo-Xa- mbn sshb-àn-IX - e- ¯
- n-epw kmaq-
]mtY-bs- am-cp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ {io{io- bn-IÄ Xntb-äd- n sh¨v I-q¡ - n-bX- n-\mÂ- ly-X-e-¯nepw am\-h³ At\z-j-W-am-
amÀ¡pw tIcfw hf-¡q-dpÅ a®m-bn-cn- C-cp-hn-`m-Kh- pw- X-½nÂ- \S¶ kwL-«\- w cw-`n-¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¶Xv Hcp Ncn-{X-k-Xy-am-
¡p-¶p. tIc-fob kaq-l-¯nsâ kwkvIm-cnI Wv. _nw_-§-fp-sS-bpw BÄssZh-§-fp-
C
- ´
- y³tbm-Kb - nse "{]mWm-bma'hpw {]_p-²-X-t¡-ä- I-\¯ BLm-X-ambn sS-bp-saÃmw k¶n-[n-bn hn\o-X h- n-t[-
Aev]w "ln]vt\m«nkw' X{´-§fpw ka- Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p. cmjv{So-b-þ-hÀKob b-cmbn Bcm-[-\-I-fn apgp-Im³ hyXy
\z-bn-¸n¨v cq]w \ÂInb BÀ«v Hm^v kwL-«-\-s¯-¡mÄ tIc-fob kmaqly Ø Ime-§-fnse `qcn-`m-K-¯n-sâbpw
enhnwKv F¶ D]-Po-h\- I - e- b- n-eqsS h³ Pohn-Xs¯ Akz-Ø-am-¡m³ C¯cw t{]c-Wm-iàn BbXpw CXp-X-s¶.
tXm-Xn km¼-¯n-I N- q-jW - w- \S-¯p¶ ^m³kv kwL-S-\-I-fm-bn-cn¡pw `mhn- bYmÀY -ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-¯n hyXn-
Bßo-b-hy-h-km-bn-I-fpsS Imep-sXm«v bn \nan-¯-am-h-p-I-sb¶v Duln-¡mw!- bm\w hcp-¯msX hcp-am\w hÀ[n-¸n-
hW-§m\pw- ssI]n-Sn¨v ap¯m\pw A[n- BÄssZ-h-§Ä ]b-äp¶ BÄ¡q-«- ¡Â aX-¯nsâ sNehn \S-¡n-söv
\n-thi hncp² t]mcm-«-¯nsâ Ip¯I a-\x-im-k{v Xw-Xs- ¶-bmWv Xmc-ssZ-h§ - fpw Xncn-¨-dnª ]utcm-ln-Xy-amWv Cu
_p²n Pohn-IÄt]mepw aÕcn-¡p¶ ]b-äp-¶X - v. kuP\y Xnanc ikv{X-{Inb, sImSpw ]mX-I¯ - n-te¡v a\p-jy-cm-insb
ImgvNbv¡v CubnsS {]_p-²-tI-c-fw-X cà-Zm-\w..... C§-s\-bpÅ kmaq-lnI \bn-¨X - v.
2007 s^-{_p--h-cn- 20
_²-{i²cmWv! C¯cw AÔhnizm-k-
bYmÀY-¯n am\-h-k-aq-l-¯nsâ \mt\m-·p-J-amb {]iv\-§sf k¼qÀW-ambn §sf bYmÀY- aX-ambn sXä-n-²-cn-¸n-¨p-
]cn-lc
- n-¡m\pw a\p-jy-Xz-¯nsâ DZm-¯o-Ic
- W
- ¯
- n-eqsS Ah-s\- hn-tam-N\
- ¯
- n-te¡v sIm-­mWv aX-\n-tj-[n-IÄ ssZhnIa
\bn-¡m-\pw Hu¶-Xy-¯n-te-¡p-bÀ¯m\pw ssZhnI ZÀi-\-¯n\v am{Xsa km[n-¡p- Xa-mb - - C-ke-v m-an-s\- X-ak - I v c- n-¡m³ {ian-
I-bpÅq F-¶Xv Ahn-X-À¡n-X-am-Wv. hyXyØ taJ-e-I-fnse {]KXv`scm-s¡bpw
¡p-¶X - v.
im´n, kam-[m\w F¶nh \ma-
Cu hkvXpX \nc-h[n XhW hyà-am-¡n-b-Xp-am-Wv. ¯nÂXs¶ Ckvemw {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-¡p-
¶p. kIe hkvXp-¡f- nepw ssZhn-I- Im-
cp-Wy-¯nsâ hym]\w \S-¶X - mbn hnip-
ssZhnI GI-Xz-¯n-sâ-bpw Imcp-Wy- "bpàn-hmZn' t\Xm-¡Ä t]mepw B ²- -JpÀ-B³ hyà-am-¡p-¶p:-
¯n-sâbpw ASn-¯d- b - n Øm]n-¡s- ¸« ßo-bX - b - n-te-¡S- p-¯p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶Xv- ""....-F-s³-d- Im-cp-Wy-am-I-s«- kÀ-h- h-
blq-Zþ- s- s{I-kvXh ZÀi-\§ - s- f-t¸mepw BÝ-cy-am-sW-¦nepw BI-kvan-Ia- s- Ã-¶- kv-Xp-¡-sf-bpw- DÄ-s¡m-Åp-¶-Xm-Wv...''-
]¨-bmb _lp-ssZhXz¯n-te¡v ss] XmWv hkvXp-X. 1988 apXÂ 1994 hsc (7:156).-
im-NnI klm-bt- ¯msS ]ptcm-ln-XÀ \- tIc-fb - p-àn-hm-Zn- kwLw P\dÂ- sk{I-
bn-¨p. "tamsi Øm]n-¡m¯ blq-Z-a- «-dn-bm-bn-cp¶, aX-[mÀanI aqey-§Äs¡- kq£va-Øqe {]Xn-`m-k-§-sfms¡
Xhpw' tbip Øm]n-¡m¯ ss{IkvX- Xnsc AXn-\n-in-X-amb hnaÀi-\-§Ä Znhy-Im-cp-Wy-¯nsâ ioX-f-Ombbnem-
h-Xb - p-amWv Cu {]hm-NI - ·- m-cpsS A\p- Agn-¨p-hn« "{io. KwK³ Ago-t- ¡mSn' s\ sW¶v Cu hN-\¯ - n \n¶v {Kln-¡mw.
bm-bn-IÄ F-¶p- \-Sn-¡-p-¶-hÀ- Pohn-X- t]m-ep-Å-hÀ "Xntbm-f-Pn-¡Â dmj-W- Xsâ AJne krjvSn-I-tf-m-Sp-apÅ Icp
ZÀi-\a- mbn hyh-lc- n-¡p-¶X - v. Cu {]hm- enk'(A-[ym-ßn-I-bp-àn-Nn-´)-¯nsâ W Hcp _m[y-X-bmbn ssZhw Gsä-Sp-
N-I·- m-sc-¯s- ¶ Bcm-[n-¡e- mWv tam£- hgn sXc-sª-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶Xv bm ¯-Xmb-pw JpÀ-B³ Ak-µ-nKv-[-ambn
amÀK-sa¶pw AhÀ kn-²m-´n-¡p-¶p!- Zr-NvO - n- I
- a- Ã! {]Jym-]n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p:-
bYmÀY-¯n am\-h-k-aq-l-¯nsâ ss{IkvXh- X - b- psS Bi-b_ - e- l - o-\- " ....-\n-§f- p-sS- c-£n-Xm-h-v Im-cp-Wy-s¯-
\mt\m-·p-Ja- mb {]iv\§ - sf k¼qÀW- X-bn a\waSp¯ ]e ]mÝm-Xycpw X-s³-dt- aÂ- (_m-[y-Xb - m-bn)- \n-ivN - b
- n-¨n-
ambn ]cn-l-cn-¡m\pw a\p-jy-Xz-¯nsâ ASp-¯-Im-e-¯mbn C¯cw Hcp-hgn cn-¡p-¶p.- A-Xm-b-Xv- \n-§-fnÂ- \n-¶m-sc-
DZm-¯o-Ic- W - ¯- n-eqsS Ah-s\- hn-tam-N- ]n´pS-cp¶psh¶v ]T-\-§Ä hyà-am- ¦n-epw- A-hn-th-I-¯mÂ- h-Ã- X-n-·-bpw-
\-¯n-te¡v \bn-¡m-\pw Hu¶-Xy-¯n-te- ¡p-¶p. dmj-W-enÌv X¯-z-Nn-´-I-\mb sN-bvX - p-t]m-Ip-Ib - pw- F-¶n-«X - n-\p-ti-jw-
¡p-bÀ¯m\pw ssZhnI ZÀi-\-¯n\v "tXmakv ss]³' t]mepw Xsâ "FbvPv ]-iN v- m-¯]- n-¡p-Ib - pw- \n-e]- m-Sv- \-¶m-¡n-
am{Xsa km[n-¡p-Ib - pÅq F-¶Xv Ahn- Hm^v dok¬' F¶ {KÙ-¯n-eqsS Xm³ ¯oÀ-¡p-Ib - pw- sN-¿p-¶]- £ - w- A-h³- G-
X-À¡n-X-am-Wv. hyXyØ taJ-e-I-fnse ssZh-hn-izm-kn-bm-sW¶v Xpd¶p k½- sd- s]m-dp-¡p-¶h- \- pw I-cp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-
]-e- {]KXv`cpw- Cu hkvXpX \nc-h[n Xn-¨n-«p-­v. Ip-¶p''-- (6:54).-
XhW hyà-am-¡n-b-Xp-am-Wv. ]t£,- \tS D²-cn¨ ap³ bpàn-hm-Zn- t\- ]m] -]-¦n-e-amb PohnXw \bn-¡p-
bYmÀY- ssZhnIZÀi\w Cs¶-hn-sS-sb- Xmhv KwK³ Ago-t¡mSv ]d-bp-¶Xv Im Ibpw \ncm-i-tbm-sS,- sNbvXp-t]mb A
¶-t\z-jn-¡p-hmt\m A]-{K-Yn-¡p-hm- t\m WpI: ""aXw hnim-e-amb AÀY-¯n Xn-{I-a-§-tfmÀ¯v hymIp-e-s¸-Sp-Ibpw
AhÀ ]cn-{i-an-¡p-¶n-söv am{Xw! hÀKo-b-X-bÃ.- hÀKo-b-X-sb-bpw aX-au- sN¿p¶htcmSv BßmÀY-amb ]Ým-
"kmaq-lnI {]iv\-§-fn [oc-ambn en-Ih- m-Zs- ¯-bp-amWv FXnÀt¡-­X - 'v - (]- ¯m-]¯ - n-eqsS \nÀae a\-kvIc- m-hm-\pw
CS-s]-Sp¶p...',- "hkvXp-X-IÄ BÀP-h- ¨-¡p-Xnc amkn-I. 2007 P\p-hcn,- t]Pv `mhnsb `mkp-ca- m-¡m-\pw kam-[m-\]- qÀ
t¯msS Ah-Xc- n-¸n-¡p¶p'-shs¶ms¡ 50).- C¯cw Hcp Xncn-¨d- n-hnsâ Ae-sbm- W-amb PohnXw \bn-¡m\pw JpÀ-B³
Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶ Zriy, {imhy am[y-a- en-IÄ \nehnse -bp-àn-hmZn kwL- DZvt_m[n-¸n-¡p-¶p:-
§Ä kmaq-lnI {]iv\-sa-¶Xv "cmj ¯n-\p-Ån -t]mepw \S-¡p¶psh¶m ""]-d-bp-I-:- kz-´w- B-ßm-¡-tfm-Sv- A-
{Sob'Imcy-am¡n Npcp-¡p-Ibpw cmjv{Sob Wv ]-e- "bpàn-hmZn' {]kn-²o-I-c-W-§- Xn-{I-aw- {]-hÀ-¯n-¨- F-s³-d- Zm-k-·m-tc,-
hnj-b-§sf Xe-\m-cn-g-Iodn ]cn-tim-[n- fn \n¶pw e`n-¡p¶ kqN-\-IÄ! A-Ãm-lp-hn-s³-d- Im-cp-Wy-s¯-¸ä- n- \n-§
¡p-I-bpw [Àa-kwln-X-Isf Ah-K-Wn- Pohn-X¯ - n A\p-`h- n-t¡-­n-hc- p¶ Ä- \n-cm-i-s¸-S-cp-Xv.- XoÀ-¨-bm-bpw- A-Ãm-
¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p!- aX-§Ä X-½n-epÅ am\-knI kwLÀjhpw ss\cm-iyhpw lp- ]m-]-§-sf-Ãmw- s]m-dp-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv.-
im´-amb Bi-bk - w-hm-Z¯ - n\pw Xpd¶ aqew im´n-bp-sSbpw kam-[m-\-¯n-sâ XoÀ-¨b - m-bpw- A-h³- X-s¶-bm-Ip-¶p- Gsd-
NÀ¨-IÄ¡pw hgn-sbm-cp-¡p¶ Hcp "ao bpw amÀK-§-f-t\z-jn-¡p-¶-h-sc-bmWv s]m-dp-¡p-¶-h-\pw- I-cp-Wm-\n-[n-bpw''-
Unb' kwkvImcw \½psS \m«n hf ap«p-im´n hmKvZm\w sNbvX-v hym-Ps- sZh- (39:53).-
À¶p-ht- c-­X - p-­v. §Ä X§-fn-te-¡m-IÀjn-¡p-¶X - .v kÀh- C§s\ imiz-X- im-´nsb¡-pdn¨v-
19-þmw \qäm-­nsâ A´y-¯n "im Ú-\pw kÀh-i-à-\p-amb ssZh-¯n B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn kwkm-cn-¡p-¶- GXv
kv{X¯nsâ _m\-dnÂ'aX-\n-tj-[-¯n sâ A]m-ca- mb I - m-cp-Wy-s¯-¡p- d- n¨ A thZ{KÙ-ap-­;v- - hn-ip-²- JpÀ-B\- Ã- m-sX?-
sâ {]X-e-§Ä XoÀ¯-hsc imkv{Xw Ú-Xsb Ømbn-bmbn \ne-\nÀ¯p-¶-
Xs¶ Nhn-«n-¯-m-gv¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Xn I]S Bßo-b-X-bpsS hàm-¡Ä
2007 s^-{_p--h-cn- 21