This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1.1. Glandula lacrimalis asesorius Krause dan Wolfring (sekresi dasar) 2. Glandula lakrimalis utama mayor (sekresi refleks).
Fungsi air mata : 1. Melicinkan permukaan optik bola mata 2. Media pelepasan sel ‘desquamasi’. 3. Suplai oksigen ke kornea 4. Antimikroba 5. Lubrikasi pergesekan palpebra dan kornea 6. Mencegah pengeringan permukaan luar bola mata Lapisan air mata : 1. Lapisan lipid (atas), diproduksi oleh glandula meibom. Fungsi :
- Memperlambat menguapan air mata - Mempertahankan barier hidrofobik - Mempertahankan tear meniskus 2. Lapaisan akuous (tengah), diproduksi oleh kelejar Krause & Wolfring. Fungsi : - Suplai oksigen - Antimikroba - Meratakan permukaan kornea - Membersihkan kotoran - Mengatur fungsi sel-sel epitel kornea
Kelenjar lakrimalis terletak di puncak tepi luar dari mata kiri dan kanan dang menghasilkan air mata yang encer. Lapisan air mata, yang membasahi mata pada umumnya berstruktur kompleks yang terdiri dari 3 lapisan, yaitu:
Di produksi oleh kelenjar lakrimalis utama dan kelenjar lakrimalis tembahan. b. b. . merupakan lapisan air dan terbanyak. Kelenjar meibom menghasilkan substasi pelumas berminyak untuk menghambat penguapan dan kelenjar ini bermuara pada tepi palpebra. Lapisan air mata berfungsi a. Mencegah dehidrasi kornea Proses keluarnya air mata Pengeluaran air mata dapat pula dibantu dengan adanya kedipan kelopak mata secara sepontan yang berulang-ulang. Mencegah tumbuhnya mikroorganisme d. Lapisan tengah. air mata mengalir ke medial ke dalam lubang-lubang pungta tepi kelopak dan mengalir melalui kanalikuli ke dalam kantong lakrimalis dan kemudian melalui duktus nasolakrimalis menuju kehidung. Melapisi permukaan kornea sehingga menjadi rata dan merupakan media refraksi yang baik.a. Lapisan terluar adalah lapisan berminyak yang diproduksi sebagian besar oleh kelenjar meibomi sebasea kelopok mata. Mencegah kerusakan epitel kornea dan konjungtiva c. c. Lapisan paling dalam adalah lapisan musin yang diproduksi oleh sel goblet yang tersebar diseluruh konjungtiva.
Posterior blepharitis affects the inner edge of the eyelid that comes in contact with the eyeball. itchy eyelids and the formation of dandruff-like scales on eyelashes. using warm compresses to soak the eyelids. and doing eyelid scrubs. irritated. What causes blepharitis? Blepharitis can appear as greasy flakes or scales around the base of the eyelashes. 2. blepharitis is not contagious and generally does not cause any permanent damage to eyesight.Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids causing red. red and swollen eyelids. Anterior blepharitis occurs at the outside front edge of the eyelid where the eyelashes are attached. Blepharitis is classified into two types: 1. particularly the cornea. In cases where a bacterial infection is the cause. various antibiotics and other medications may be prescribed along with eyelid hygiene. Individuals with blepharitis may experience a gritty or burning sensation in their eyes. and inflammation of other eye tissue. good eyelid hygiene and a regular cleaning routine can control blepharitis. . It is a common eye disorder caused by either bacterial or a skin condition such as dandruff of the scalp or acne rosacea. Although uncomfortable. missing or misdirected eyelashes. dry eyes. it can lead to more severe signs and symptoms such as blurring of vision. blepharitis causes only minor irritation and itching. or crusting of the eyelids. However. excessive tearing. For some people. This includes frequent scalp and face washing. In many cases. It affects people of all ages. itching.
thickened lid margins. hard crusts around the eyelashes that when removed. It may also occur due to a combination of factors. There may also be a loss of eyelashes. with special emphasis on evaluation of the eyelids and front surface of the eyeball. Meibomian blepharitis is evident by blockage of the oil glands in the eyelids. the cornea. base of the eyelashes and meibomian gland openings using bright light and magnification. Testing. distortion of the front edges of the eyelids and chronic tearing. may also become inflamed. It can also develop as a result of other skin conditions such as acne rosacea and scalp dandruff. A differentiation among the various types of blepharitis can often be made based on the appearance of the eyelid margins: • • • • Staphyloccal blepharitis patients frequently exhibit mild sticking together of the lids. . In severe cases. skin texture and eyelash appearance. poor quality of tears. [back to top] How is blepharitis diagnosed? Blepharitis can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. The key to treating most types of blepharitis is keeping the lids clean and free of crusts.Anterior blepharitis is commonly caused by bacteria (staphylococcal blepharits) or dandruff of the scalp and eyebrows (seborrheic blepharitis). Ulcerative blepharitis is characterized by matted. the transparent front covering of the eyeball. Evaluation of the quantity and quality of tears for any abnormalities. may include: • • • • Patient history to determine any symptoms the patient is experiencing and the presence of any general health problems that may be contributing to the eye problem. Using the information obtained from testing. and redness of the lining of the eyelids. Seborrheic blepharitis appears as greasy flakes or scales around the base of eyelashes and a mild redness of the eyelids. your optometrist can determine if you have blepharitis and advise you on treatment options. including lid structure. External examination of the eye. [back to top] How is blepharitis treated? Treatment depends on the specific type of blepharitis. Posterior blepharitis can be caused by irregular oil production by the glands of the eyelids (meibomian blepharitis) which creates a favorable environment for bacterial growth. or less commonly may be the result of allergies or an infestation of the eyelashes. and missing and misdirected eyelashes. leave small sores that ooze and bleed. Evaluation of the lid margins.
Limiting or stopping the use of eye makeup is often recommended. as its use will make lid hygiene more difficult. 2. you may have to temporarily discontinue wearing them during treatment. Mix warm water and a small amount of non-irritating (baby) shampoo or use a commercially prepared lid scrub solution recommended by your optometrist. Self-care An important part of controlling blepharitis involves treatment at home. If you wear contact lenses. If the glands in the eyelids are blocked. an antibiotic may also be prescribed. Directions for an Eyelid Scrub: 1. In cases involving bacterial infection. Use of an anti-dandruff shampoo on the scalp can help. Blepharitis seldom disappears completely.Limiting or stopping the use of eye makeup when treating blepharitis is often recommended. relapses may occur. 2. Blepharitis seldom disappears completely. Artificial tear solutions or lubricating ointments may be prescribed in some cases. Repeat several times daily. Close eyes and place washcloth on eyelids for about 5 minutes. . followed by gentle scrubbing of the eyes with a mixture of water and baby shampoo or an over-the-counter lid cleansing product. Wash your hands thoroughly. Wash your hands thoroughly. relapses may occur. Moisten a clean washcloth with warm water. Directions for a Warm Soak of the Eyelids: 1. Even with successful treatment. the eyelids may need to be massaged to clean out oil accumulated in the eyelid glands. • • • • • Some cases of blepharitis may require more complex treatment plans. 3. as its use will make lid hygiene more difficult. Even with successful treatment. reheating the washcloth as necessary. 4. • Warm compresses can be applied to loosen the crusts.
Repeat with the other eye. 4. Using a clean cloth (a different one for each eye) rub the solution back and forth across the eyelashes and edge of the closed eyelid. 5. Rinse with clear water. .3.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Lo hemos llevado donde lee en su other device.
Obtenga el título completo para seguir escuchando desde donde terminó, o reinicie la previsualización.