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This picture contains 3 different types of people who lived in the middle ages. Look for two peasants. Look for
one Knight. Look for a Lord and a Lady.

1. Based upon this picture, who do you think was the richest during the middle ages? Who do you think
was the most poor? Who do you think was in the middle? Explain your reasoning based upon the
picture.

2. What types of jobs do you think a peasant did in the Middle Ages?

3. What types of things do you think a Knight did in the middle ages based upon this picture?

4. Based upon this image and your knowledge of how the world works, what do you think a Lord and
Ladies could do that knights and peasants couldn’t do?
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1. Please fill out this pyramid with the Medieval system called “Feudalism”.

1. What is one thing that the Knights do?

2. What is the role of the King in Feudalism?

3. What does a peasant (serf) do in the Feudal class system?

4. What is the role of the Lords & Ladies within the system of Feudalism?
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1. Observations: Make a list of what you see in this cartoon.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture or prior knowledge:

1. What Feudalism class role do you think the people in the above picture are from?

2. What makes you predict that?

3. Where does the Lord and Lady live?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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Peasants in medieval times wore such garments as Stockings and tunics for men and women wore long gowns
and wimples to cover their heads. Their outer clothing was not changed very often but their undergarments
where washed regularly. The smells of everyday life, such as wood smoke acted as a deodorant for their
clothing. Peasant women made many of the clothing by spinning wool in to threads.

Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture or prior knowledge:

1. What Feudalism class role do you think the people in the above picture are from?

2. What are 3 different names for someone from this class?

3. What kinds of things did a peasant do in his/her daily life?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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A Medieval monastery was a farm, an inn, a hospital, a
school and a library. The uses of a Medieval
monastery included the following:

 A Medieval monastery received pilgrims and
travelers, at a time when western Europe did
not have hotels.
 A Medieval monastery performed many works
of charity, feeding the hungry, healing the sick
who were brought to their doors, and
distributing their medicines
 A Medieval monastery provided education for
boys who wished to become priests and those
who intended to lead active lives in the world
 A Medieval monastery copied the manuscripts
of classical authors preserving valuable books
that would otherwise have been lost
 A Medieval monastery kept records of the
most striking events of their time and acted as
chroniclers of the medieval history of the
Middle Ages

Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. What do you think the Monk in this picture is doing (a hint might be in the reading above)

2. What are three different things that would happen in a Monastery?

3. Monasteries were part of the Catholic religion. What is one way that the
Catholic Church affected people’s lives in the Middle Ages?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. What type of Medieval Architecture do you think this is?

2. Why do you think this is that type of architecture?

3. What were the Crusades?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. What do you think is happening in this picture?

2. How do you think the people in this picture are feeling (emotions)?

3. How would you feel if half of your classmates died?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. What do you think is happening in this picture?

2. Where would you predict that this is taking place?

3. Why do you think the man in the front is covering up his mouth?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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Observations: Make a list of what you see in this drawing.
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Conclusions: Based upon the picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. What do you think is happening in this picture?

2. Where would you predict that this is taking place?

3. Who provided the Knights for the kings to fight?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.
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In AD330, Constantine moved his capital from Rome to the
Greek city of Byzantium. He wanted the capital of his
empire to be safe from barbarian invasion. Constantine
renamed the city Constantinople, but we refer to the
civilization centered in Constantinople as the Byzantine
Empire.

The Byzantine Empire began to look less like the Roman
Empire as the years passed. The empire covered Greece, the
Balkans, Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt. By the seventh
century, Greek had completely replaced Latin as the
language of the empire. The Byzantine emperors still
thought of themselves as the successors of Caesar Augustus,
but over the years Roman influence gradually disappeared.
Seljuk Turks began moving into the Byzantine Empire from
Central Asia in the eleventh century. The Turks had recently
become Muslims, and the Byzantine emperor feared they
would soon overpower his Christian empire. He asked the
leader of the Christian church-the Pope-to assist in a holy
war against the Turks. In 1095, Pope Urban II launched the
first of many Crusades, or "wars of the cross." Urban hoped
that in addition to expelling the Turks from the Byzantine
Empire, he would also be able to reclaim the holy city of
Jerusalem from Muslim control. Soldiers from western
Europe left their homes to free the Byzantine Empire of the
"unbelievers." This was the first time many Europeans left
their homes. Their exposure to new and different cultures
was a factor that led to the Renaissance.

The Crusades were ultimately unsuccessful because the Turks conquered the Byzantine Empire. The city first called Byzantium and later Constantinople is
now known as Istanbul, Turkey. Turkish has replaced Greek as the language of Asia Minor, and 99.8% of the people in modern Turkey are Muslims.

Conclusions: Based upon the reading, picture, prior knowledge, and inference:

1. If this is a map of the Byzantine Empire, what years did the Byzantine Empire last?

2. Name 3 cities that were controlled under the Byzantine Empire (use map).

3. Why were the Crusades unsuccessful?

4. Please fill out this Feudalism Triangle.