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]p-kv-X-I-w- \m-ev- / e-¡w- G-g-v/ 2008 P-\p-h-cn-- -/1428 ZpÂ-ln-Öx--

9
C-kv-emw- `o-Xn-bp-sS--
C-´y³- `m-h-§Ä-
4 hm-b-\-¡m-cp-sS- kw-hm-Zw-
þ^-bm-kv- Zm-\n-jv-

6 Xn-cp-sam-gn-

7 ]-{Xm-[-n-]À-¡v- ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xv-

14 {Xn-Xz- k-¦Â-]-¯n-se- A-gn-bm-Ip-cp-¡p-IÄ-

þA-_q-^m-bn-Z-
15 hn-izm-kn-\n-bpw- am-Xr-[À-a-hpw-

þ\-hmÂ- _n³-Xv- A-_vZ- n-Ã-


22 {k-jv-Sm-hn-sâ- k-tµ-i-¯n-sâ- A-P-¿-X

þi-_oÀ- A-en-
29 Nn-´n-¡p-InÂ- Zr-jvS
- m-´s
- a-{X!-

þD-kav- m³- ]m-e¡


- m-gn-
34 hn-hm-l¯n-sâ- a-d-p-]p-dw-

þ\m-Ca- - _n.- tdm-_À-«v-


44 A-\p-`-h-§Ä- h-gn-Im-«n-b-t¸mÄ-
-

þapl-½Z- v- P-amÂ-
45 I-ayq-Wn-k-hpw- a-X-k-aq-l-§-fpw-

þA-lav- Z- v- ^m-lnw-
50 hn-ip-²- ]m-X-

Internet Edition: http://www.nicheoftruth.org/samvadam


Printed Published and owned by M.Mohammed Akbar. Printed at Screen Offset printers, Cochin-18. Published at Cochin-18.
Editor M.Mohammed Akbar, Niche of Truth, Kalabhavan Road, Cochin-18.

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 3
hm-b-\-¡m-cp-sS-
kw-hm-Zw-

A-´y-Iq-Zm-i- th-­-Xv- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-¯n-\v- fpw- A-Ôh- ni- zm- k- w- sXm-«p-Xo-­nb- n«- nÃ- m-¯h- c- p-am-b- Cu-
]p-tcm-K-a-\-¡mÀ- Cu-bn-sS- h-en-sbm-cp- X-am-i- kr-jv-Sn-
Un-kw-_À- e-¡¯ - n-se- I-hÀ- kvt- äm-dn- "a-Xh- pw- amÀIv- ¨p.- "X-\-Xv- I-ayq-Wn-k'--hpw- "D-Zm-c- I-ayq-Wn-k'-hpw- X-½n-
kn-k-hpw'- A-h-k-tcm-Nn-X-am-bn.- kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-þ _p-²n- ep-Å- t]m-cm-«a- m-bn- hy-hl- c- n¡ - s- ¸-Sp-¶- hn`- m-Ko-bX- b- nÂ-
Po-hn- a-Þe- § - f-nÂ- taÂ-hn-em-kw- \-jvS- s- ¸-Sp-sa-¶v- `b- "au-enI-h-m-Z-'-¯n-sâ- ]-£-¯v- \n-e-bp-d-¸n-¨n-«p-Å- hn.-
¶v- ]-e-cpw- ]-d-bm³- a-Sn-¡p-¶- A-{]n-b- k-Xy-§-fm-Wv- Fkv.- A-S-¡-ap-Å- Nn-e- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-väv- t\-Xm-¡Ä- hn-P-
]m-e-¡m-gn- tIm-dn-bn-«n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv.- b-Z-i-an- \m-fnÂ- Ip-ªp-§-sf- F-gp-¯n-\n-cp-¯-n-!- ssZ-h-
tI-c-f-¯n-se- ap-kv-enw- {]-kn-²o-I-c-W-§-fnÂ- ]-e- s¯- X-s¶- Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡m¯-hÀ-- k-c-kz-Xn--bp-sS- Ir-]m-
Xn-\pw- C-t¸mÄ- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-s¯-bpw- a-X-s¯-bpw- H-cp- I-Sm-£§-fp-sS- ]n-¶m-se-- t]-m-Ip-t¼mÄ,- k-v-amÀ-«- v kn-än-
Ip-S-¡o-gnÂ- A-Wn-\n-c-¯-em-Wv- Im-cy-s¸-«- "tPm-en'-. a-X- bp-am-bn- _-Ô-s¸-«- kÀ-¡mÀ- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS- N-S-§v- ap³-
hpw- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-hpw- X-½n-ep-Å- kw-hm-Z-¯n-\v- C-\n-- kv- Iq-«n- Xo-cp-am-\n¨- - k-ab- ¯- -v \-S¯- m-sX- aplqÀ-¯w- t\m¡n-
tIm-¸n-sÃ-¶p-w km-{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp-²- t]m-cm-«-§-fnÂ- sF- k-abw- am-än-b-Xv- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-väv- `-c-W-Im-e-¯m-sW-¶-dn-
Iy-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn-\v- am-{X-sa- hÀ-¯-am-\-Im-e-¯v- {]-k-àn- bp-t¼mÄ- \m-sa-´v- sN-¿Ww-;- B-À-¯v- Nn-cn-¡p-I-tbm-
bp-Åq- F-¶p-am-Wv- ]-{Xm-[n-]-·m-cp-sS- "Xn-cp-sam-gn'!- C-kv- HmÀ-¯v- I-cb- p-It- bm?-
em-an-t\m-Sv- kw-hZn-¡p-hm³- B-h\- m-gn-bnÂ- A-kv{- X-§Ä- I-ayq-Wn-kv-äp-ImÀ- kz-]v-\w- I-­- k-¼qÀ-W- -kv-Yn-Xn-
_m-¡n-bn-sÃ-¶p- t_m-[y-am-bX- p-sIm-­m-Wv- I-ayq-Wn-kväv k-a-Xzhpw- I-d-]p-c-fm-¯- a-tX-X-c-Xz-hpw- a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS-
\n-cq-]I- À- sF-Iy-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v- kw-km-cn-¡m-\m- c- w-`n-¨s- X- Im-cy-¯nÂ- kmÀ-Y-I-am-b-Xv- H-cp- ]-t£,- A-Ô-hn-iz-k-
¶v- - a-\Ê- ne- m-¡m³- ap-ke-v nw- tPÀ-We- nk- ä-v p-IÄ-¡-v t]mepw- ¯n-s³À- Im-cy-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡mw.- a-e-bm-f-¯n-se- ]-{X-ap-
I-gn-bp-¶n-sÃ-¶v- km-cw.- ¯-Èn-bp-sS-- "B-tcm-Kyw' I-g-n-ª- X-h-W- ]p-d-¯p-h-¶-Xv-
a-®-Sn-ªn-«v- Im-e-ta-sd- I-gn-ª- amÀ-Iv-kn-k-¯n-\m- k-Ie- - a-Xh- n-`m-K§ - f- n-epw- s]-«- BÄ-ssZ-hþ- kn-²- X-«n¸v-
Wv- A-´y-Iq-Zm- i- - B-hi- y-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶s- X-¶v- hn-fn-¨p- ]d- tI-{µ-§f- p-sS-bpw- Nn-In-Õm- hn-tij-§Ä- ]-dª - n-«m-Wv.-
tb-­- k-a-bw- A-Xn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.- t\-cv- t\-sc- \n-¶v- km-£-c,- kp-µ-c,- {]-_p-²- tI-c-f-¯n-s³-d- h-Ãm-s¯m-cp-
]-d-ª- "kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Z'-¯n-\v- A-`n-\-µ-\-§Ä.- -{]-_p-²-X-bpw- hm-b-\m- kw-kv-Im-c-hpw!--
ip-²- `u-XnI- h- m-ZnI- f- pw- im-k{v- Xo-b- tkm-jy-enk- äv- pI- þap-kv-X-^- X³-hoÀ,- A-co-t¡m-Sv-

{i-t²-b-am-b- te-J-\w- bpw- {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-I-bpw- sN-¿p-¶p-­v. amÀ-Iv-kn-kv-äv- ssk-²m-´-nI-·m-cp-sS-


{K-Ù-§-fn-se- D-²-c-Wn-IÄ- th-­p-thm-
Un-kw-_À- e-¡w- -"kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Z'- - hm-k-vX-h-¯nÂ- F-´m-Wv- amÀ-Iv-kn- fw- \n-c-¯n-s¡m­p-Å- te-J-\w- Ir-Xy-
--

¯nÂ- - D-kav- m³- ]m-e¡ - m-gn- F-gp-Xnb- - "aX- k-sa-¶v-,- F-´-m-Wv- ssh-cp-[ym-[n-jv-Tn-X- am-b- H-cp- Nq-­p-]-e-I- X-s¶-bm-Wv.-
hpw- amÀ-Ik-v nk- h- pw'- F-¶- te-J\- w- {it²- `u-Xn-I-hm-Z-sa-¶v,- a-X-t¯m-Sp-Å- amÀ-Iv- C-¯-c-¯n-ep-Å- te-J-\-§Ä- C-\n-
b-am-bn-cp-¶p.- kn-b³- \n-e-]m-sS-´m-sW-¶v- an-¡-bm-fp- bpw- {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶p.-
IÄ¡p-ad- n-bn-Ã.- - sN-dn-sbm-cp- te-J\- ¯
- n-
amÀ-Iv-kn-k¯n-s³d- B-Xy-´n-I- eq-sS- A-¯c- w- Im-cy-§f- n-te-¡v- sh-fn-¨w- þF.- F-kv-.- I-½p-¡p-«n,-
e£y-sa-´m-sW-¶d- nb- m-¯- A-t\-Iw- aX- ho-in-b- -"kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Z'¯n-\pw- te-J-
hn-izm-kn-IÄ- A-XnÂ- B-Ir-jv-S-cm-hp-I- I-\pw- `m-hp-I-§Ä.- t]m-ªm-tÈ-cn--

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 4
a-X-§Ä- a-®-Sn-ªmÂ...?- kve- m-an-te- D-Åq.- i-co-c¯ - n- Â- B-ßm-sh-
¶- t]m-se- Po-hn-X-¯n-s³-d- D-Zm-¯am-b-
Xy-hn-izm-k-hpw- kÂ-IÀ-a-§-fp-ap-Å-hÀ-
¡v- kzÀ-K-hpw- A-Ãm-¯-hÀ-¡v- \-c-I-hpw-
"a-X-§Ä- a-®-Sn-b-s«-. .'- F-¶- "{]mÀ-Y- A-kv-Xn-Xz-¯n-\v- kw-kv-I-c-W-am-Wv- G-ä- e-`y-am-sW-¶pw- bm-sXm-cp-hn-[- ip-]mÀ-i-
\m'-cq-]-¯n-ep-Å- {]-ta-b-am-bn-cp-¶p- Cu- hpw- {]-[m-\w. a-\p-jy-a-\-Ên-sâ- kw-kv- I-tfm- i-àn-{]-IS- \- § - tfm- {]-te-m`- \- §
- -
bn-sS- \-S¶ - - bp-àn- hm-Zn-If- p-sS- kw-kvY- m- I-cW- ¯ - n\- v- C-kev- mw- A-Xo-h- {]m-[m-\yw- tfm- {]-tIm-]\- § - t- fm- hm-NI- ¡
- k- À-¯p-
\- k-t½-f\-¯nÂ- D-bÀ-¯n-¸n-Sn-¨n-cp-¶- \Â-Ip-¶p-­v.- I-tfm- I-]-S-hm-Z-§tfm- sIm-­v- {k-jv-Sm-
Xv.- a-X-§Ä- a-®-Sn-bp-I-bpw- bp-ànhm-Zn- Cu- {]-]-©w- hyÀ-Y-ambn- kr-jv-Sn-¡- hn-sâ- in-£-bnÂ- \n-¶v- c-£- e-`n-¡n-
I-fpw- \nc- oizc- h- m-ZnI- fpw-- am-{X-w- tem-I¯- v- s¸-«X- s- Ã-¶pw- kÀ-hi- à - \- m-b- {k-jvS- m- sÃ-¶psa-Ãmw- C-kv-emw ]-Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.-
A-hti-jn¡ - p-Ib- pw- sN-bX-v mÂ- tem-I¯ - n- hn-sâ- \n-b-{´-W-¯n³- Io-gn-em-Wv- A-Xv- Cu- hn-izm-kw- t\-cn-«v- a-\p-jy-s\- {k-
sâ- A-h-kv-Y- F-´m-Ipw.- Nn-´n-¡m³- A-\p-\n-an-j-hpw- \o-§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶- jv-Sm-hp-am-bn- _-Ô-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.- X-sâ-
t]m-epw- I-gn-bm-¯- hn-[-¯nÂ- A-[x-]- sX-¶pw- H-m-Sn-sbm-fn-¡m-t\m- kz-bw- c-£- Po-hn-X-s¯- \-·-IÄ-¡m-bn- hn-\n-tbm-Kn-
Xn-¨- P-\-§-fp-sS- H-cp- tem-I-am-bn-cn-¡pw- s¸-Sm-t\m- A-km-[y-amsb-mc- p ]nS- p-¯¯ - n- ¡m³- t{]-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p.- a-\p-jy-s\- ]n-Sn-
A-Xv.- a-X-¯n-s³d-- \-·- a-\-Ên-em-¡n-b- em-Wv- a-\p-jy-s³-d- Hm-tcm- \n-an-j-hp-w- ¨p-Ip-ep-¡m³- ]-cym-]v-X-am-Wv- Cu- hn-i-
B-cpw-X-s¶- A-Xv- a-®-Sn-bm³- B-{K-ln- \o§n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶s- X-¶p-am- W - v- C-kv- zm-kw.- k-aq-l¯ - n-sâ- B-hi- y-§Ä-¡\- p-
¡n-Ã-;- XoÀ-¨.- emw- ]-Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv.- k-cn-¨v- hn-iz-kv-X-cpw- D-¯-hm-Zn-¯- t_m-
C-ke-v m-ans- ³d--Im-cy-sa-Sp-¡mw.- A-XnÂ- hÀ-¯-am-\- Im-e-¯p-Å- Po-hn-Xw- [-ap-Åh- c- p-am-b B-fp-Isf- hmÀ-s¯-Sp-¡p-
a-\jy-X-z-¯n-s\-Xn-cm-b- F-´p- Im-cy-am- hcpw- Im-et- ¯-¡p-Å- X-bm-sd-Sp-¸n-\p-Å- hm³- Cu- ZÀ-i-\-¯n-\p- I-gn-hp-­v.- {k-
Wp-Å-Xv?- - th-Zn-bm-Wv.- C-hn-sS- sN-¿p¶- \-ÃX- pw- No- jv-Sm-hn-sâ- ap-¼nÂ- sN-dp-Xpw- h-ep-Xp-am-
a-\p-jy-hw-i¯ - n-s³-d- c-£b- v¡ - p-XIp- ¯-bp-am-b- Hm-tcm- Im-cy-¯n-\pw- a-c-Wm- b- Hm-tcm- Im-cy-¯n-\pw- I-W-¡v- ]-d-tb-
¶- ap-gp-h³- Im-cy-§-fpw- C-kv-em-an-ep-­v.- \-´-cw- {]-Xn-^-ew- A-\p`-hn-t¡-­n-h-cp- ­n-h-cp-sa¶- t_m-[-am-Wv- A-h-sc- ap-
C-X-c- a-X- k-¦-Â-]-§-fnÂ- hn-I-e-am-bn- sa-¶pw- C-kv-emw- ]-Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.- a-c-Wm- t¶m-«p- \-bn-¡p-¶-Xv.- hÀ-¯-am-\- Im-e-
Im-W-s¸-Sp-¶- Im-cy-§Ä- X-s¶- k-¼qÀ- \-´-c- Po-hn-X-¯nÂ- \-·- In-«p-¶- Im-cy- ¯n-se- ap-gp-h³- hy-h-kv-Y-IÄ-¡pw- G-
W-hpw- k-a-{K-hp-am-bn- C-kv-emw- DÄ-s¡m- §Ä- {]-hÀ-¯n-¡m³- t{]-c-W-bpw- A-hn- dn-h-¶mÂ- t]m-eo-sk-¶p- ]-d-ªv- `o-j-
Åp-¶p.- ssZ-h-¯n-epw- ]-c-tem-I-¯n-epw- sS- in-£- e-`n-¡p-¶- Im-cy-§-fnÂ- \n-¶v- Wn-s¸-Sp-¯m-t\- I-gn-bq.- \o-Xn-]o-T¯ - n-\v-
Du-¶n\- n¶ - p-sIm-­p- X-s¶-bm-W-v C-ke-v mw- am-dn- \nÂ-¡m-\p-Å- B-Ú-bpw- \Â-Ip- ap-¼n-se-¯n-bmÂ- X-s¶- {]m-]vX- \- m-sbm-
A-Xv- k-aÀ-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv.- ¶p- C-kv-emw.- cp- h-¡o-en\- v- b-tY-jSv- w- ^o-kp-sIm-Sp-¡m-
a-\p-jy-Po-h-n-X-¯n-s³d- hy-h-k-vY-¡v- a-\p-jy-sâ- \-·- Xn-·-IÄ- tc-J-s¸-Sp- \p-s­-¦nÂ- F-Xp- tI-kn-epw- A-\p-Iq-e-
]-eX- pw- B-hi- y-am-Wv.- A-Xn-s¶m-cp- \nb- ¯n- sh-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p-s­-¶pw- ]-c-tem-I- am-b- hn-[n- k¼m-Zn-¡p-hm³- A-{X- {]-bm-
aw- th-Ww.- cm-jv{- So-b- km-¼¯ - n-I- LS\- ¯p- sh-¨v- AXn-sâ- dn-¡mÀ-Uv- \Â-I- k-sam-¶pw- C-hn-sS-bn-Ã.-
th-Ww.- hn-hm-l- _-Ô-§Ä-¡v- \n-ba-w- s¸-Sp-sa-¶pw- C-kv-emw- ]-d-ªp-X-cp-¶p.- a-X-§Ä- a-®-Sn-ªp- Im-Wm³- B-{K-
th-Ww.- `-£-W-¯n-\pw- h-kv-{X-¯n-\pw- H-fn-ªpw- sX-fn-ªp-ap-Å- k-I-e- ]m-]- ln-¡p-¶-hÀ- B-Zyw- sNt¿-­-Xv- A-l-
Nn-«-IÄ- th-Ww.- P-\-§Ä-¡v- k-t´m-jn- §-fnÂ-\n-¶pw- A-I-¶p- \nÂ-¡m³- Cu- ¦m-c-¯n-sâ- a-ª-¡-®-S- F-Sp-¯p-am-äp-
¡m³- B-tLm-j§ - Ä- th-Ww.- A-§s- \- hn-iz-mk- w- k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-sb- t{]-cn-¸n-¡p- I-bm-W.v -
]-e-Xpw.- ¶p.- k-zÀ-K-hpw- \-c-I-hp-ap-s­-¶pw- kzÀ- þ Aw-P-Zv- Jm³,- a-e-¸p-dw-
Cu- Im-cy-§s- f-Ãmw- C-ke-v m-anÂ- D-s­- Kw- A-Xo-h- kp-J-k-ar-²-hpw- \-c-Iw- A-
¶p- am-{X-a-Ã- Ip-ä-a-ä- co-Xn-bnÂ- A-Xv- C- Xy-[n-Iw- Zp-cn-X-]qÀ-W-hpam-sW-¶pw- k-
-h-cn-kw-Jy- C´y³ tZio-b-X-bpsS bYmÀY- Ncn-{X
A-b-¡p-¶-h-tcm-Sv-
tZio-b-Xbpw-
a-X cm-jv-{S-hm-Z-hpw- ¯n\v ZpÀapJ-§-fp-­m-¡n. C´y-bnse
kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Z-¯n-\v- a-Wn-tb-mÀ- tZio-bX- sb aX-§f- p- sS DÂ]-¶a- mbn CkvemanI kaqlw C´y³ tZio-b-X-
UÀ A-b-¡p-¶hÀ- kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Zw- F®p¶ kao-]\w Ncn-{X-¯nse Nne bpsS FXnÀiàn-I-fm-sW¶ Ip{]-Nc
amkn-I,- ]n-.- _n.- \-¼À- 1981,- ssh-än-e-,- L«-§f- n Ah-ew-_nt- ¡­nhcm-dp-s­- Ww kaq-ls¯ Bg-¯n hn`m-Ko-I-
F-dW- m-Ip-fw-þ 682019 F-¶- hn-em-k¯
A-b-¡p-I.- a-Wn-tb-mÀ-UÀ- t^m-anÂ-
- nÂ- ¦nepw s]mXp-hmbn B kao-]\w AwKo cn-¨-XmWv kzX{´ C´y-bnse ]e- {]-
ktµ-iw- F-gp-Xm-\p-Å- kv-Y-e-¯v- \n-§- Ir-X-a-Ã. ]t£,- C´y-bpsS Imcy-¯n iv\-§Ä¡pw ]Ým-¯-e-ambn hÀ¯n-
fp-sS- ]n³-tIm-Upw- Pn-Ã-bp-a-S-¡-ap-Å- kw`-hn-¨Xv adn-¨m-Wv. C´y³ tZio-bX ¨-Xv. tZiw F¶ Bi-b¯ - ns\ hn{Kl-
]qÀ-Wa- m-b- hn-em-kw- Cw-¥o-jnÂ- h-enb- lnµp-Xz-¯nsâ DÂ]-¶-amWv F¶ hÂI-cn-¨p-sIm­v Ah-Im-i-\nÀW-b-
A-£-c-¯nÂ- F-gp-Xp-I.- t^m¬- D-Å- ho£-W-¯n\v {]Nmcw sImSp-¡p-hm³ ¯n Aam-\-hn-I-amb hnth-N-\-§Ä
hÀ- tIm-Uv- A-S-¡w- \-¼À- F-gp-Xm³- ad- \S¶ {ia-§Ä aX-cm-j{v S-hm-Z¯ - n\v DuÀ ASn-t¨Â¸n-¨-XmWv lnµp-Xz-tZ iobX-
¡-cp-Xv.- Phpw Bth-ihpw ]IÀ¶p. kmhÀ¡dn- bpsS ImX-emb {]iv\w.
þam-t\-PÀ- Ìp-I-fpsS Ncn{X ZpÀhym-Jym-\-§Ä þC-eym-kv-,- F-äp-a-m-\qÀ-

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 5
Xn-cp-sam-gn-
am-¸p-sIm-Xn-¡p-¶-hÀ-
A-_q-ap-^o-Zv-
am-¸p-\Â-Ip-I-
A\-kv(- t)-\n-thZ\w:- H-cn- ¡
- Â-- \_n-(e)tbm-sSm-¯v- Rm³- \-S¶- p-t]m-Ip-Ib- m-bn-cp¶p.-
I-«n-bp-Å- I-c-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- \-P-vdm³- h-kv-{X-am-Wv- A-hn-Sp-¶v- [-cn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv.- A-§-s\-
H-cp- {Km-ao-W- A-d-_n- \_n-(e)bp-am-bn- k-Ôn-¡p-I-bpw- Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS- ap-­v- ]n-Sn-¨v-
i-àn-bm-bn- h-en-¡p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp-.- A-t¸mÄ- Rm³- \_n-(e)bp-sS- ]n-c-Sn-bn-te-¡v-
t\m-¡n.- ]n-Sn-¨p-h-en-bp-sS- i-àn-Im-c-Ww- ap-­n-sâ- I-c-bp-sS- ]m-Sp-IÄ- A-hn-sS- ]Xn
ªn-cp-¶p.- "ap-l-½-tZ!- Xm¦fp-sS- ]-¡-ep-Å- A-Ãm-lp-hn-sâ- [-\-¯nÂ-\n-¶v- F-\n-¡v-
F-s´-¦n-epw- A-\p-h-Zn-¨p-X-cm³- IÂ-]n¡p-I-'þ B- {Km-ao-W³- ]-d-ªp.- \_n-(e)
Abm-sf- Xn-cnª-p-t\m-¡n.- ]p-©n-cn-¨p-sIm-­v- A-bmÄ-¡v- Zm-\w- \Â-Im³- IÂ-]n-
¡p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp''- (_pJm-cn,- ap-k-venw-).--
a-\p-jy³- km-aq-ly-Po-hnb- m-bX- n\- m IÂ-]n-¡p-Ib- pw- sN-¿p-¶p.- A-Wn-If- p-sS- Åh¶ÃmsX AXn\pÅ A\p{Klw
Zn-t\-\- ]-e-cp-am-bpw- C-S-]-g-tI-­n-h-cpw.- Iq-sS-bpÅ- H-cp- t\-Xm-hn-t\m-Sv- C-¯-c- \ÂI-s¸SpIbnÃ''- (41:-34,-35).-
`m-cy,- `À-¯m-hv,- am-Xm-hv,- ]n-Xm-hv,- a-I³,- ¯nÂ- A-]-a-cym-Z-tbm-sS- B-sc-¦n-epw- A-_q-lp-d-bv-d(t)- dn-t¸mÀ-«p- sN-¿p-
a-IÄ,- A-[ym-]-I³,- hn-ZymÀ-Yn,- t\-Xm- s]-cp-am-dn-bmÂ- A-Wn-IÄ- A-bm-sf- sh- ¶- H-cp- l-Zo-YnÂ- {]-hm-N-I-sâ- A-\p-]-
hv,- ap-X-em-fn,- sXm-gn-em-fn-. .-C-§-s\- a-\p- dp-sX- hn-Sp-tam?- a-am-b- hn-«p-ho-gv-N-bp-sS- cw-Kw- Im-Wmw:-
jyÀ- ]-e-Xpw- ]-e-cp-am-Wv.- X-½nÂ- C-S-]- {]-hm-N-I³-(e) A-Ãm-lp-hn-sâ- h-N- " H-cn-¡Â- H-cp- {Km-ao-W³- ]-Ån-bnÂ-
g-Ip-t¼mÄ- C-jv-S-an-Ãm-¯- hm-¡p-IÄ- \-§-sf- Po-hn-X-¯nÂ- ]-IÀ-¯p-I-bm-bn- aq-{X-sam-gn-¨p.- A-t¸mÄ- B-fp-IÄ- A-t±-
tIÄ-t¡-­n- h-cpw.- hm-¡p-sIm-­pw- {]hr- cp-¶p.- hn-ip-²- JpÀB-\nÂ- A-Ãm- l- p ]d- l-s¯- X-SÊ- s- ¸-Sp-¯m³- {i-an-¨p.- D-Ss\-
¯n-sIm-­pw- B-{I-an-¡-s¸-t«-¡mw.- bp-¶p-:-
B-fp-I-sf-Ãmw- H-tc- X-c-¡m-cpw- kz-`m- - " \o hn«phogvN kzoIcn¡pIbpw \-_n-(e)-- ]-d-ªp-:- \n-§Ä- A-bm-sf-
h-¡m-cp-a-Ã.- B-sc-t¶-m- F-s´-t¶m- F kZmNmcw IÂ]n¡pIbpw, AhnthIn hnt«-¡p-I.- A-bm-Ä- aq-{X-sa-m-gn-¨n-S-¯v-
´n-s\-t¶-m- Nn-´n-¡m-¯,- kv-Y-e-Im-e- Isf hn«v XncnªpIfbpIbpw sN¿p Hcp- sXm-«n- sh-Åw- H-gn-¡p-I.- \n-iv-N-bw-
t_m-[-t¯m-sSbpw- k-µÀ-`-¯-n-\-\p-k- I''- (7:-199).- A-\m-bm-kI- c- a- m-¡p-hm-\m-Wv- \n§ - Ä- \n-
cn¨pw- {]-XnI- c- n¡
- m-\d- nb- m-¯- B-fp-If- nÂ- tb-m-Kn-X-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv-;- {]-bm-k-ap-­m-
\n-¶v- {]-tXy-In-¨pw- hn-ja- n-¸n-¡p-¶- A\p- " (AXmbXv) kt´mjmhkvYbnepw ¡p-¶-h-cm-bn-s¡m­-Ã' - (_p-Jm-cn)-.-
`-h-§Ä- D-­m-tb-¡mw.- hnjamhkvYbnepw Zm\[Àa§Ä sN \-½p-sS- ]-¡Â-\n-¶-v h-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶-
A-¯cw- A-\p-`-h-ap-­m-Ip-t¼mÄ- -X- ¿pIbpw tIm]w HXp¡nsh¡pIbpw sX-ä-p-Ip-ä-§Ä-¡v- B-fp-IÄ- am-¸p- \Â-
§-sf- hn-ja- n-¸n-¨h- À-¡pw- th-Z\- n-¸n-¨h- À- a\pjyÀ¡v am¸p\ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶ I-W-sa-¶v- \m-sa-Ãm-h-cpw- B-{K-ln-¡m-dp-
¡pw- am-¸p- \- Â-Ip-I- F-¶X- v- A-Xna- l- ¯- m- hÀ¡v th­-n. (A¯cw) kÂIÀaIm ­v.- F-Ãmw- sX-äp-I-fpw- s]m-dp-¯p- X-tc-
sbm-cp- Im-cy-am-Wv-.- H-cp- k-Xy-hn-izm-kn- cnIsf AÃmlp kv t \ln¡p¶p''- W-ta F-¶- v ssZ-h-t¯m-Spw am-¸n-c-¡pw.-
B- a-l-¯m-b- Kp-W-¯n-sâ- D-S-a-bm-bn-cn- (3:134).- F-¶mÂ- a-äp-Åh- À-¡v- am-¸p- \Â-Ip-hm³,-
¡-Ws- a-¶mW-v- C-kve- mw- IÂ-]n-¡p-¶X- v.- " \ÃXpw No¯bpw kaamhpIbnÃ. hn-«p-ho-gv-Nm- a-t\m-`m-hap-Å-h-cm-Ip-h-m³-
ap-I-f-nÂ- sIm-Sp-¯- l-Zo-Yv- {i-²n-¡p- Gähpw \ÃXv GtXm AXp-sIm­-v \o \-½p-sS- "Cu-tKm-'- k-½-Xn-¡m-dp-an-Ã.- -{]-
I.- G-tXm- H-cp- {Km-ao-W³- h-¶p-sIm-­v- (Xn³asb) {]Xntcm[n¡pI. At¸mÄ ]-©- \m-Y-\pw- P-\-§-fpw- a-m-¸p-\Â-I-W-
ap-l-½-Zv- \-_n(e)- tbm-Sv- ]-cp-¡³- a-«nÂ- GsXmcph\pw \obpw X½n i{XpX sa-¶v- \-½-fm-{K-ln-¡p-¶p-sh-¦nÂ- \-½-
kw-km-c-n-¡p-I-bpw- A-t±-l-s¯- im-co-cn- bpt­-m Ah\Xm (\nsâ) Dä_Ôp F fpw- am-¸p-\Â-Ip-¶-hcm-bn- am-dp-I.- A-Ãm-
I-am-bn- th-Z-\n-¸n-¡p-I-bpw- sN-¿p-¶p.- F t¶mWw Bbn¯ocp¶p. £a ssI ¯-]-£w- am-¸-p-\Â-I-s¸-Sm³- \-ap-s¡-
¶n-«pw- A-t±-lw- ]p-©n-cn-¡p-¶p.- A-bm- s¡m­h--À¡ÃmsX AXn\pÅ A\p ´v- AÀ-l-X-bm-Wp-­m-bn-cn-¡p-I?-
fp-sS- B-h-iyw- \n-d-th-än-s¡m-Sp-¡p-hm³- {Klw \ÂIs¸SpIbnÃ.h¼n¨ `mKyap
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 6
]-{Xm-[n-]À-¡v- ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xv-

b-YmÀ-Y- kp-c-£-n-X-Xz-¯-n-sâ-
amÀ-Kw-
H-cp- _-en-s]-cp-¶mÄ- kp-Zn-\w- Iq-Sn- sIm-gn-ªp-t]m-bn.- Xu-lo-Zn-\p-th-­n- Po-hn-Xw- k-aÀ-¸n-¨- C-_v-
dm-low- \-_n-(u)-bp-sS- Xym-tKm-P-z-e-am-b- kv-a-c-W-IÄ- ap-kven-w- tem-Iw- A-b-hn-d¡n.- {k-jv-Sm-hpw- kw-c-
£-I-\p-am-b- A-Ãm-lp-hn-ep-Å- hn-iz-m-kw- h-gn- t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¡m-\m-Ip-¶- kp-c-£n-X-Xz-s¡-p-dn-¨- A-dn-hv-
]I-cp-¶-Xm-Wv- C-_v-dm-low- \-_n(u)-bp-sS Po-hn-Xw.-
XuloZv F§s\bmWv Hcmsf \nÀ`b\pw AÃmlphns³d kpc£nXXz¯n `ctaÂ]n¡p¶h\p
am¡n¯oÀ¡pIsb¶v C{_mlo-w \_n(u)bpsS Ncn{Xw hyIvXam¡p¶p­v. {]]©¯ns³dbpw
{]IrXnbpsSbpw GI\mb hn[mXmhn hnizkn¡p¶ Hcmsf kw_\v[n¨nSt¯mfw hn{Kl§sftbm
hymP ssZh§sftbm kn²·msctbm H¶pw `bs¸tS­ ImcyanÃ. kw`hn¡p¶sXÃmw ssZhnIhyh
kvYbpsS AewL\obamb hn[n{]ImcapÅ Imcy§fmsW¶pw Xs³d sNbvXnIÄ icnbmsW¦nÂ
]ns¶ {kjvSmhns\bÃmsX aämscbpw Xm³ `bt¡­Xnsöpap Å t_m[amWv hn{Kl]qPIsc
shÃphnfn¡phm\pw \£{Xmcm[Icpambn kwhZn¡m\pw N{IhÀ¯ntbmSpt]mepw H«pw IqkenÃmsX
kXyw Xpd¶p]dbm\papÅ ss[cyw C{_mlnan\v \ÂInbXv. AKv\n]co£Isf t]mepw bmsXmcp
kt¦mNhpanÃmsX t\cnSm³ At±ls¯ ]cym]vXam¡nbXpw Cu hnizmkZmÀVywXs¶. \mep
kl{km_vZ§Ä¡pap¼v XuloZv F§s\bmWv Hcmsf \nÀ`b\m¡nbsX¶v hyIvXam¡p¶
JpÀB³ kqIvX§Ä t\m¡pI:
" At±l¯ns³d P\X At±lhpambn XÀ¡¯nteÀs¸SpIbp­mbn. At±lw ]dªp: AÃmlp
hns³d Imcy¯n \n§sft¶mSv XÀ¡n¡pIbmtWm? Ah\mIs« Fs¶ t\Àhgnbnem¡nbncn¡bm
Wv. \n§Ä Aht\mSv ]¦ptNÀ¡p¶ bmsXm¶ns\bpw Rm³ `bs¸Sp¶nÃ. Fs³d c£nXmhv Dt±
in¡p¶sXt´m AXÃmsX (kw`hn¡pIbnÃ).- Fs³d c£nXmhns³d PvRm\w kÀhImcy§sfbpw
DÄs¡mÅm³ am{Xw hn]peambncn¡p¶p.\n§sf´mWv BtemNn¨pt\m¡m¯Xv? \n§Ä (AÃmlp
thmSv) ]¦ptNÀ¯Xns\ Rm³ F§s\ `bs¸Spw? \n§fmIs«, AÃmlp \n§Ä¡v bmsXmcp
{]amWhpw \ÂInbn«nÃm¯ hkvXp¡sf Aht\mSv ]¦p tNÀ¡p¶Xns\¸än `bs¸Sp¶panÃ.
At¸mÄ c­p I£nIfn BcmWv \nÀ`bcmbncn¡m³ IqSpX AÀlXbpÅhÀ? (]dbq;) \n§Ä
¡dnbmsa¦nÂ'' (6:80þ81).
" A§s\ cm{Xn At±ls¯ (Ccp«psIm­v) aqSnbt¸mÄ At±lw Hcp \£{Xw I­p. At±lw
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 7
]dªp: CXm, Fs³d c£nXmhv! F¶n«v AXv AkvXan¨t¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: AkvXan¨pt]mIp
¶hsc Rm³ CjvSs¸Sp¶nÃ. A\´cw N{µ³ DZn¨p bcp¶XpI­t¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: CXm,
Fs³d c£nXmhv! F-- ¶n-«v- A-Xpw- A-kv-X-an-¨-t¸mÄ- A-t±-lw- ]-d-ªp:- F-sâ- c-£n-Xm-hv- F-\n-¡v-
t\À-h-gn- Im-Wn-¨p- X-¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ- Xo-À-¨-bm-b-pw- Rm³- h-gn-]-n-g-¨- P-\-hn-`m-K-¯nÂ-s]-«-h\mbn-¯-o-cpw.-
A-\-´-cw- kq-cy³- D-Zn-¨p-b-cp-¶-Xm-bn- I-­-t¸mÄ- At±-lw- ]-d-ªp-:- C-Xm- F-sâ- c-£n-Xm-hv-!- CXmWv
Gähpw hepXv!! A§s\ AXpw AkvXan¨pt]mbt¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: Fsâ- kapZmbta, \n
§Ä (ssZht¯mSv) ]¦ptNÀ¡p¶Xn \ns¶Ãmw XoÀ¨bmbpw Rm³ HgnhmIp¶p. XoÀ¨bmbpw
Rm³ t\ÀamÀK¯n Dd¨p\n¶psIm­v Fsâ- apJw BImi§fpw `qanbpw krjvSn¨h\nte¡v
Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. Rm³ _lpssZhhmZnIfnÂs]«ht\ AÃ -' (6:76þ79).
" C_v-d-mloant\mSv At±l¯ns³d \mYs³d Imcy¯n XÀ¡n¨hs\¸än \o AdnªntÃ?
AÃmlp Ah¶v B[n]Xyw \ÂInbXn\memWv (Ah\Xn\v apXnÀ¶Xv). Fs³d \mY³ Pohn¸n¡pI
bpw acn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶h\mIp¶p F¶v C_v-d-mlow ]dªt¸mÄ Rm\pw Pohn ¸n¡pIbpw
acn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶phtÃm F¶mWh³ ]dªXv. C_v-d-mlow- ]dªp: F¶mÂ, AÃmlp
kqcys\ Ing¡p\n¶v sIm­phcp¶p. \obXns\ ]Snªmdp\n¶v sIm­phcnI. At¸mÄ B kXy
\ntj[n¡v D¯cw ap«nt¸mbn. A{IanIfmb P\Xsb AÃmlp t\Àhgnbnem¡pIbnÃ'' (2:258).
" F-¶mÂ-,- AhÀ (ssZh§Ä) Fs³d i{Xp¡fmIp¶p; temIc£nXmhv HgnsI. AXmbXv Fs¶
krjvSn¨v F\n¡v amÀKZÀi\w \ÂIns¡m­ncn¡p¶h³. F\n¡v Blmcw XcnIbpw IpSn\oÀ
XcnIbpw sN¿p¶h³. F\n¡v tcmKw _m[n¨m Ah\mWv Fs¶ kpJs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. Fs¶
acn¸n¡pIbpw ]n¶oSv Pohn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶h³. {]Xn-^e¯ns³d \mfn GsXmcph³ Fs³d
sXäv s]mdp¯pXcpsa¶v Rm³ Bin¡p¶pthm Ah³'' (26:77þ82).
ip²amb GIssZh hnizmkwhgn kwkvIcn¡s¸SpIbpw AÃmlphn kIeXpw `ctaÂ]n¡pI
hgn \nÀ`b\mhpIbpw sNbvX C_vd- m- low(u) Xs³d {]t_m[\ ]mXbn t\cntS­n h¶ AKv\n
]co£sbt]mepw a\Êv AÂ]wt]mepw N©es¸SmsXbmWv t\cn«Xv:
" At±lw ]dªp: At¸mÄ \n§Ä¡v bmsXmcp D]Imctam D]{Zhtam sN¿m¯ hkvXp¡sf
AÃmlphn\v ]pdsa \n§Ä Bcm[n¡pIbmtWm. \n§fpsSbpw, AÃmlphn\v ]pdsa \n§Ä
Bcm[n¡p¶hcpsSbpw Imcyw A]lmkywXs¶. \n§Ä Nn´n¡p¶ntÃ? AhÀ ]dªp: \n§Ä¡v
(hÃXpw) sN¿m\mIpsa¦n \n§Ä Chs\ Nps«cn¨v IfbpIbpw, \n§fpsS ssZh§sf klmbn¡p
Ibpw sN¿pI. \mw ]dªp: Xotb, \o C_vd- m- loan\v XWp¸pw kam[m\hpambncn¡pI. At±l¯n
s³d Imcy¯n Hcp X{´w {]tbmKn¡m³ AhÀ Dt±in¨p. F¶m Ahsc Gähpw \jvSw]änbhcm
¡pIbmWv \mw sNbvXXv' (21:66þ70).
" AhÀ (At\ym\yw) ]dªp: \n§Ä Ah¶v (C_v-d-mloan\v) th­n Hcp Nqf ]WnbpI. F¶n
«v Ahs\ Pzen¡p¶ AKv\nbn Ct«¡pI. A§s\ At±l¯ns³d Imcy¯n Hcp X{´w Dt±
in¨p. F¶m \mw Ahsc Gähpw A[a·mcm¡pIbmWv sNbvXXv. At±lw ]dªp: XoÀ¨bmbpw
Rm³ Fs³d c£nXmhn¦te¡v t]mhpIbmWv. Ah³ F\n¡v hgn ImWn¡p¶XmWv' (37:97þ99).
" C_v\p Aºmkv(t) \nthZ\w: "R§Ä¡v AÃmlp aXn, `ctaÂ]n¡s¸Sp¶hcn D¯a³
Ah\s{X. C_vd- m- low- (u) AKv\nIpWvU¯nte¡v Fdnbs¸«t¸mÄ ]dª hmIyamWnXv:- "i{Xp
¡Ä \n§Äs¡Xnsc kwLSn¨ncn¡p¶p. AXn\mÂ, \n§Ä Ahsc t]Sn¨psImÅpI'sb¶v AhÀ
]dªt¸mÄ apl½Zv \_n(r)bpw CXpXs¶ ]dªp. AXv kXyhnizmknIfpsS hnizmkw hÀ[n¸n
¡pIbpw sNbvXp. AhÀ {]Jym]n¨p: R§Ä¡v AÃmlp aXn. `ctaÂ]n¡s¸Sp¶h\n AXyp¯
a³ Ah\s{X''- (kzlolp _pJmcn, lZoYv: 4197).
{kjvSmhns\¡pdn¨ tIhet_m[w hgnbà a\pjya\Ên kam[m\hpw \nÀ`bXzhpw im´nbp
ap­mhpI. Hcp {kjvSmhns\¡pdn¨ t_m[w hfsc sNdnb Hcp \yq\]£¯ns\mgn¨v asäÃm
a\pjycnepap­v. `uXnIhmZnIÄ F¶p kzbw hntijn¸n¡p¶ Cu \yq\]£¯n\pt]mepw lrZbm
´À`mK¯p \n¶v ssZhhnizmks¯ ]pdwXÅm\mhp¶nsö hkvXpX AhcpsS PohnX¯nse
kµ-nKv[L«§fnse {]KÂ`cpsS {]XnIcW§Ä hyIvXam¡nbn«ps­¶v \mw a\Ênem¡nbtÃm.
{kjvSmhns\¡pdn¨ tIhet_m[aà {]XypX Ahs\ Adntb­Xpt]mse AdnbpIbpw Ah\v
am{Xw AÀ¸nt¡­ Bcm[\IÄ Ah¶p am{Xw AÀ¸n¡pIbpw Ah\n Imcy§sfÃmw `ctaÂ]n
¡pIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ am{Xta ]qÀWamb \nÀ`bXzhpw kam[m\hpw a\Ênte¡v kzm`mhnIambn
k¶nthin¡pIbpÅq. AÃmlphns\ Ah³ Adnbn¨pX¶Xp {]Imcw a\Ênem¡pIbpw Ahs³d
ap¶n am{Xw XeIp\n¡pIbpw FÃmw Ah\n kaÀ¸n¡pIbqw sNbvXXphgn \nÀ`bcpw im´cpam
bn¯oÀ¶hÀ¡v DZmlcWambmWv JpÀB³ C_vd- m- low-(u) \_nbpsS Ncn{Xw hnhcn¨pXcp¶Xv.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 8
Ckvemw-`o-Xn-bp-sS-
C´y³ `m-h-§Ä--
^bmkv Zm\njv

GXv Ime-L«
- ¯
- n-em-bmepw Ckveman-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ `oXn-bpw `bhpw hym]n-¡p-¶XnÂ

sXämb Ncn{Xw kp{]-[m\ D]m-[n-bmbn hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡s


- ¸«p ImWmw. hn`-P\
- m-\´c-

L-«¯
- n lnµpXz cmjv{Sob {]Øm-\§
- Ä sI«-gn-¨p-hn« Ncn-{X-¯nsâ apJwaqSnb

Wnbn-¡s
- ¸« \pW-IÄ {][m-\a
- mbpw Ckveman-s\bpw apkven-wI-sfbpw Ipäm-tcm]

W-hn-t[-ba
- m-¡p-¶h
- b
- m-bn-cp-¶p.

C´y³ kaq-l-¯n Ckvemans\¡pdn-¨pÅ NÀ¨-Ifpw hne-bn-cp-¯-ep-Ifpw hfsc


hyXy-kvX-amb Nne Xe-§fn-emWv F¡m-e¯pw kw`-hn-¡m-dp-Å-Xv. Ckvemw NÀ¨m-hn-
jbam-Ip-¶- L«-§Ä ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-t¼mÄ aäp aX-§-fn \n¶v- `n¶-ambn Nne LS-I-§-
fpsS km¶n[yw {it²-ba- m-Wv. hfscb[nIw Kuc-ht- ¯m-sSbpw Xo£vW- X- t- bm-sSbpamWv
Ckvemw NÀ¨-sN-¿-s¸-Sm-dp-Å-Xv. `oXn-bp-sSbpw B]Âi¦-bp-sSbpw \ng-em«w Ckveman-
s\-¡p-dn¨pÅ kwhm-Z-þ-NÀ¨-I-fn ImWmw.- aäp- aX-§sf At]-£n¨v Ckveman\v t\sc
hnaÀi-\m-ß-I-amb Btcm-]-W-§Ä Gsd D¶-bn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. sshtZ-inI ap{Z Btcm-]n-
¡-s¸-Sp¶ {Inkv-Xp-a-X-s¯-¡mÄ Ckvemans\ NÀ¨m-hn-j-b-am-¡p-¶-Xn kwhm-Z-IÀ
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 9
HuÕpIyw ]peÀ¯p-¶p F-¶n-h-bm-W- Ä ]Xn-aq-¶mw \qäm­v khn-ti-j-am\w t¶m¡ P\-hn-`m-K-§Ä¡p-an-S-bn- amä-

h . - t\Sp-¶Xv ImWmw. apK-f-cp-sSbpw aäpw ¯n-\mbn Nne Nn´-IÄ DbÀ¶p-h-¶p.

IS¶
- ph
- c
- hv XpS§
- nb _mlyI
- mc
- W
- §
- -

D]-cn-kq-NnX LSI-§Ä aäp- a-X§ (2).- Cke


v manI [Àa¯
- nsâ kmaqln

fmWv Hcp hn`mKw Ncn-{X-Im-c-·mÀ Cu

s f ¡ p d n - ¨ p Å N À ¨ - I - f n  t h ­ { X I,- sshb-ànI amä-¯n-\m-bpÅ khn-

L«¯
- nsâ khnt
- ij
- X
- ¡v sXfnh
- m¡
- m-

{]ISamIm-dnà F¶-XmWv A\p-`hw. tij aqeyktµ-i-§-fpsS {]t_m-[\w

dp-Å-Xv. F¶m ]cn-Wm-an-I-amb kmaq-

C´y-bn Ckvemw NÀ¨ -sNbvXp- XpS- D ¯ - t c - ´ y - b n  k w ` - h n - ¨ X v C ´ y ³

lnI amä-§-fpsS Imcy-¯n Cu L«-

§n-bn«v \qäm-­p-IÄ ]eXp Ign-ªp. kmaql


- nI
- X
- sb Bg¯
- n kzm[o\
- n¨
- p.

¯ n s â k h n - t i - j X F ¶ \ n e - b n Â

C h n s S \ n e - \ n - ¶ n - c p ¶ a X - § Ä ¡ p w

(3).- GIssZhm-ZÀi-¯n-eq-¶nb km

hkvXp-\n-jvT-
-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡m³ Ign-

hnizm-kþ-ZÀi-\-§Ä¡pw PohnXcoXn-

aql
- nI
- ]
- c
- nj
- v
I c
- W
- §Ä¡mbn Hcp hn`m

bp¶ Imcy§
- Ä Chb
- mW
- v
: -

IÄ¡p-sa-Xn-cmb Xncp¯Â i_vZ-ambn

Kw apkven-w {]t_m-[-IÀ \S-¯nb ]cn-

Ckvemw {]Xn-I-cn¨v XpS-§nb BZy-\m- (1).- C´y-bnse AhÀW-À¡pw ]n

{i-a-§Ä C´y-bnse PmXnhyh-Ø-bp-

sSbpw kmaql
- nI kaX
- z§
- f
- ps
- Sbpw amä-

¯n-\n-S-sbm-cp-¡n.

taÂ]dª ]Ým-¯e LSI-§Ä

Imc-W-ambn aX-]-cn-hÀ¯-\-§-tfmSpw

A \ y - a X k t µ - i - § - t f m S p w ] p d w X n c n

ªp \n¶nc
- p¶
- khÀW- ]£¯
- p\
- n¶v

Nne {]tXy-I-co-Xn-bn-epÅ {]Xn-I-c-W-

§f
- p­
- mb
- n. khÀWÀ
- ]n´pS
- ˦nc
- p¶

km{¼Zmbn-I-amb kmaq-ln-I-L-S-\¡v

shÃp-hnfn DbÀ¯n-s¡-m­v Ckvemw

kPo-h-amb NÀ¨mhnj-am-bn-¯p-S-§p-I-

bmb
- nc
- p¶p B ImeL
- «w apX¡v
. hf

sc kzm`m-hn-Ihpw kl-P-hp-amWv C´y-

bnse PmXn-hyh-Øbpw AXnsâ XpSÀ

fpI
- Ä sXm«pX
- s¶ Ckv
e mw Nˬmh
- nj-
taÂ]dª ]Ým-¯e LSI {]-{In-b-Ifpw F¶ `mh-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p

am-bn-¯oÀ¶p F¶-XmWv C´y-bn-se

§Ä Imc-W-ambn aX-]-cn- khÀWÀ


- apt¶m«v \o§nb
- nc
- p¶
- X
- v
. ASn-

bp-d¨p-t]mb kmaqly Nn´-I-fp-sS bpw

Cke
v mansâ Ncn{Xw tcJoI
- cn¡pt¼mÄ

hÀ¯-\§
- t
- fmSpw A\y-
hÀW-m-[n-jvT-n-X-amb coXn-I-fp-sS bpw

Gähpw BZyw IS-¶p-h-cp¶ hkvXpX.

aXktµ-i-§-tfmSpw ]pdwXncn ^ea


- mbn kaql
- ¯
- nse CXc
- À¡v adn¨v

F. -Un. ]Xn-aq¶mw \qäm-­n-\-Sp¯

ImeL
- «
- ¯
- ne
- mWv Cke
v mw C´y³ kaq-
ªp \n¶n-cp-¶ khÀW- ]£- Nn´n-¡m³ km[n-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Cu

kmlN
- c
- y¯
- n ]pXnb Nn´I
- f
- ps
- Sbpw


- n kPoh
- a
- mbn CSs
- ]«
- pX
- pS
- §
- p¶-

¯p-\n¶v Nne {]tXy-I-co-Xn-bn-


amä-¯n-\m-bpÅ A`n-em-j-§-fp-sSbpw

X v . A X n \ v a p ¼ p Å L « - ¯ n Â

epÅ {]Xn-I-c-W-§-fp-­m-bn. t{]c-W-bm-Ip-hm³ Ckvem an\v km[n-

Ckvemansâ km¶-n[yw kwib-m-Xo-X-

ambn, Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn sXfn-bn-¡-s¸-«n-«n-


khÀW-À ]n´p-SÀ¶n-cp¶ ¨p. Ckvemans\¡pdn-¨pÅ B]-Âi-¦-

IÄ khÀ-W-cnÂ- \m¼n-«p- Xp-S-§n-b-Xv

Ã. AtXkabw PmXo-b-X-bp-sSbpw hÀ

km{¼Zmbn-I-amb kmaq-ln-I-L-
C u L « - ¯ n - e m - W v . D ¯ - t c - ´ y - b n s e

Wm
- {
- ia kwhn[
- m\
- ¯
- ns
- âbpw Xnàm\
- p-

S-\¡v shÃp-hnfn DbÀ¯n- PmXn-hyh-Øsb¡pdn-¨pÅ X sâ ]T-

`h
- §
- sf tcJoI
- c
- n¡
- p¶ hyhØ
- m]
- nX
- -

amb C´ym-N-cn{Xw \ÂIp¶ sXfn-hp-


s¡m­v Ckvemw kPo-h-amb \ - § - f n - Â { _ n « o j v N c n - { X - I m - c \ m b

tUhnU.
v _n.- {Klmw Cke
v mansâ kmaq-

IÄ A\p-k-cn¨v C´y³ kaq-l-¯n Â

NÀ¨mhnj-am-bn-¯p-S-§p-I-bm-
ln-I-amb CS-s]-S-ep-IÄ khÀW-ln-µp-

amä§
- Ä¡
- mb
- pÅ Hcp iàa
- mb P\I
- o-

bn-cp¶p B Ime-L«w ¡-fn Df-hm-¡nb B]Xv`oXn-I-sf-¡p-

bm-`n-emjw hym]-I-ambn¯oÀ-¶ Hcp

L«w IqSn-bmWv F-. -Un. ]Xn-aq¶mw \q


apX¡v. hf dn¨v kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p-­v. Ckveman s\

B]Xv`oXn-tbmsS ho£n-¡p¶ a t\m-

äm­
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. C´yb
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- pI
- f
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sc kzm`m-hn-Ihpw kl-Ph
- p-
`m-h-¯n\v C´y-bpsS kmaq-ly Ncn-{X-

ÀW-hn-`m-K-§-fp-sS ]qÀhIm-e A-h-Ø-

amWv C´y-bnse PmXn-hyh- ¯n F-. -Un. ]Xn-aq¶mw \qäm-t­m-f-

I s f ¡ p d n - ¨ p Å k z X - { ´ h p w X p d ¶

kz`m-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xp-amb ]T-\-§Ä
Øbpw AXnsâ XpSÀ {]-{In-b- sa-¦nepw ]g-¡-ap­v F¶ÀYw.

\qäm­
- ns\ {]tXyI
- a
- mbn ASb
- mf
- s
- ¸Sp-

Ifpw F¶ `mh-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p
apK-fcpw Ckvemapw
¯pI
- bpw sNbX
v n«
- p­
- .
v - C´
- yb
- psS kmaq-

khÀW-À apt¶m«v \o§n-bn-cp-


Ckvemapw C´ym-N-cn-{Xhpw X½n-

ln-I-am-ä-§-fpsSbpw ]cn-Wm-a-§-fp-sS

epÅ _Ô-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ NÀ¨-bnÂ

bpw Ncn-{X-tc-J-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-t¼m


¶-Xv.
kzm`mh
- nI
- a
- mbpw IS¶
- ph
- c
- md
- pÅ Hcp `c-

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 10
W-hw-i-amWv apK-f-·mcptS-Xv. bYmÀY- sSbpw kwKoX
- ¯
- ns
- âbpw t]cn  A`n- -¨-Xnsâ ]n¶nse \ntbm-K-]-c-amb {]m

¯n CXv Ncn-{X-]-Tn-Xm-¡fn ASn-bp- am\w sImÅp¶ Ckveman-I-km-{amPy'- [m\yw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶Xp


- pt
- ]mb anYyI
- f
- psS ^ea
- mbn«p kw`- ¯n\v Ckvemansâ Ncn-{X-¯n CSw ImWmw. (k-Zm-\µv atlm¡À FgpXn

hn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. ImcWw, apK-fÀ C´y- t\Sm\


- mb
- nÃ
- . F¶m Xs¶bpw ]nÂIm- hmcW
- mk
- nb
- nse Pbl
v nµv ]»nt
- ¡j
- ³

b n  C k v e m a n s â { ] X n - \ n - [ n - I - f m b n e¯v C´y-bp-sS Ncn-{Xs¯ hÀK-o-b- {]kn-²o-I-cn¨ ""[Àa ]cn{imw In k¨n

{]Xy£
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awtKm-fn-b³þ t]Àjy³ an{inX aX-kw- ·m-cmb apkven-w `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fmbn

GXv ImeL
- «
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- ne
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- mepw Ckv
e m

kv
I mcw Ckv
e mansâ auenI- LS
- \
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ans
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¡pw Bib
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Ah-cpsS `c-W-Imew sslµh C ¡p-¶-Xn sXämb Ncn{Xw kp{]-[m\

¶X
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´ybpsS Ncn-{X-¯nse Gähpw A]-I- D ] m - [ n - b m b n h n \ n - t b m - K n - ¡ - s ¸ « p I m

jy-\n-k-¯n-sâbpw LSI-§Ä apK-f-

S-I-c-amb Zim-k-Ôn-bmbn AhÀ Nn{Xo- Wmw. hn`-P-\m-\-´-c- L-«-¯n lnµp

cpsS Ckv
e man IqSnb
- t
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I-cn-¨p. A§s\ Ab-YmÀY-amb Ncn- Xz cmj{


v Sob {]Øm\
- §
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- n¨
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cp-¶p. C¯cw ZuÀ_-ey-§-fpÅ aX-

{X Z
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- t
- ¯msS N c n - { X - ¯ n s â a p J w a q S n - b - W n - ¡ - s ¸ «

hpambn `c-W-I-À¯m-¡-fmbn Pohn¨

\ncp-]-{Z-h-amb Hcp Ime-L-«s¯ B]- \pWI


- Ä {][m\
- a
- mbpw Cke
v mans
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Ahsc Xncp-¯phm³ A¡m-e-s¯ ]

Û o - X n - t b m s S t \ m ¡ n - ¡ m - W m - \ p Å apkv
e nw
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- cm]
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Þn-Xtcm {]t_m-[-Itcm Imcy-ambn

t{]cW ]n¡m-e C´y³ Ncn{X ]Tn- ¡p¶


- h
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{ian¨
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Xm-¡-fn-te¡v hnt£-]n-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw W - § - f n  I g n ª \ q ä m - ­ p - I - f n s e

kvIm-c-hp-ambpw sslµh aXm-ß-I-X-

sNbv
X p. apkven-w `c-W-IÀ¯m-¡Ä, kp¯m-

bpsS H«\
- h
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- mbpw X§fpsS

·mÀ, hnhn[
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- f
- n `cWw \S-

Ckveman-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ B]-Xvi-¦-

aX-s¯bpw hnizm-k -\n-e-]m-Sp-I-sfbpw

¯nb apkven-w `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ F¶n-

IÄ C´y-bn BZy-ambn cq]-sa-Sp¯

Iq«n-bn-W-¡n-s¡m­v an{inX cq]-¯n-

h - c p - a m - s b m s ¡ _ Ô - s ¸ - S p - ¯ n - b p Å

Xv Chn-Ss¯ khÀW- a\-Êp-I-fnÂþA-

epÅ aXL
- S
- \
- ¡v cq]w \ÂInb
- hcmWv

]e IYI
- fpw D­mb
- nc
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- p. C´yb
- psS,-

h-cn Xs¶ \n£n-]vX- XmÂ]-cy-¡m-

Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ FÃm apK-f-N-{I-hÀ¯n-

hnhn[ \qäm­
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- -

cmb taÂt¡mbv
a m hmZ¯
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amcpw. Cu ]«nI
- b
- n \n¶v HcÂ]w AI-

fn `cWw \S-¯nb F Ãm apkven-w

bn-cp-¶p-sh-¶Xv {it²-b-am-Wv. AtX

e-¯n \nÀ¯m-hp-¶Xv HudwKko_n

\ma[
- mc
- nI
- fpw s]mXphmbn s¨bv
X Htc-

kabw ]nt¶m¡ hn`m-K-§-fnepw A[x-

sâ \ma-t[bw am{X-am-Wv.

sbmcp Imcyw Chn-Sp-s¯ lnµp-¡sf

ØnX-cnepw t\sc-sNmsÆ kaq-ls¯

aX-\n-c-t]-£-X, hnimeNn´ F¶n- s I m s ¶ m - S p - ¡ p - I b p w t £ { X - § Ä

]T-\-hn-t[-b-am-¡nb khÀW-cnepw A

h-bp-sS-sbms¡ t]cn Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ XIÀ¡p-Ibpw Cu \mSnsâ ]mc-¼-cy-

¯ c w ` o X n b p s S t \ c n b A w i - § Ä

FÃm apKf
- N
- {
- Ih
- À¯na
- mcpw kz´w aX- tijn¸pIsf \mam-h-ti-j-am-¡p-Ibpw

t]mepw D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. CXnsâ kqN-

¯nsâ Imcy-¯n th­{X {i²m-ep- DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ hn[z-wkI-X-bm-bn-cp-¶p-

\I
- Ä apKf
- c
- psS Ime¯pw tijw h¶

¡ - f m - b n - c p - ¶ n - Ã . A X p - s I m - ­ m W h À sh-¶v ]cn-hm-dnsâ ]qÀhn-IÀ {]N-cn-¸n-

\ q ä m - ­ p - I - f n e p w - k w L - ] - c n - h m - d n s â

kÀh-a-X-§-sfbpw kln-¡p-¶-h-cmbn ¨p. khÀ


- Wl
- nµ
- p¡
- f
- psS kmaql
- y`
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- n-

ssii-h-Im-e-¯p-saÃmw hym]-I-ambn

Ncn-{X-¯n Adn-b-s¸-«-Xv. ]pXn-sbmcp b n  \ n ¶ m - h n À ` - h n ¨ { ] t X y - I - X c w

ImWmw. tIm¬{KÊ
- n\
- I
- ¯
- p­
- mb
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- p ¶

aXw Øm]n¨p-sIm­v AIv_À N{I- h n t Z z j w ] n  ¡ m - e ¯ v I r { X n - a - a m b

Xo{hh
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v c
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hÀ¯n kz´w aXt¯mSpÅ AI¨ N c n { X \ n À a - m - W - t ¯ m f w h n I - k n - ¨ p .

t ] m e p w N n e A ] q À h - L
- - « - § - f n Â

¡v Ncn{
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- X
- b
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Ckv
e mans
- \¡
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Xp. AIv_-dn-sâ-b-Sp-s¯-¯n-sÃ-¦nepw a d - ] n - S n ¨ p h f À ¶ p h ¶ a X - h n - t Z z j w

IÄ ]pds
- ¸«
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- v
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X
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Hmtcm apKÄ N{I-hÀ¯n-bpw Gdnbpw Ir{Xna IY-I-fp-sSbpw Dulm-t]m-l-§-

W.
v - kwL]
- c
- nh
- md
- nsâ Ncn{
- X¯
- n Adn-

Ipdªpw kz´w aX-t¯mSv ]c-am-h[n fp-sSbpw- hn-X-c-W-¯n-\v- kp-K-a-am-b- ]-iv-

bs
- ¸S
- p¶ c­p ]pcpj
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AI-¶p-\n-¶p. Cu cwK¯v HudwKko Nm-¯-e-ambn-¯oÀ¶p. AXn sâ sXm«p-

_n.- BÀ. ap-wsP,- aZ³ taml³ amfhy

_ v a Z v l - _ n - e - [ n - j v T - n - X - a m b P m { K X ap¼v ]Xn-s\«v, ]Xn-t\-gv, ]Xn-\mdv \qäm-

XpS-§n-b-hÀ C¯-c-¯n {]Xn-I-cn-¨-h-

ImWn¨p. l³_eo aZvl_pw l\^o ­p-I-fn D¯-tc-´y-bn-eq-¶nb {]Nm-

c m - b n - c p - ¶ p . - t K m Ä h m Ä ¡ - d p - s S b p w

aZvl_pw AwKo-I-cn-¨n-cp¶ At±lw cW kwL§


- Ä apke
v nw
- þ Cke
v mw hntZz-

s l K v t U h m d n - s â b p w P o h n - X - ¯ n Â

A\mN
- mc
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- f j¯
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- hj
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hfsc-b-[nIw kzm[o\w sNep-¯n-b-h-

bpw FXnÀ¡m-s\-¶-t]-cn Xsâ ka- ¯-e-hp-sam-cp-¡n-sh-¨n-cp-¶p.

cm-bn-cp¶p _n.- BÀ. apwsPbpw aZ³

Im-eo\cmb Nne ]Þn-X-·m-cpsS k

taml³ amfh
- ybpw. lnµpX
- zh
- ÀKo
- b Ncn- "Ckvemw`oXn'-
-bpsS Awi-§Ä G

lmb
- t
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- ne
- m¡
- nb ]cn{
- ia
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{X-¯nse a[y-hÀ¯n-I-fmb B c­p dnbpw Ipd-ªpw At\Iw \qäm­pI-

Hcp ]cn-[n-h-sc-sb-¦nepw {it²-b-am-bn-

t]cpw Ckvemw C´y³ kaq-l-¯n fmbn C´y³þ kaq-l-¯n hnXcWw

cp¶
- p. F¶m AXpsIm­v am{Xw apK-

sNep¯
- nb KpW]
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- Ä sN¿-s¸«p h¶n-cp-¶p-sh-¶Xv Ncn-{X-am-

f-cpsS Imes¯ Ckvemw- c£-s¸-Sp-I-

Xpd¶
- pk
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- X
- n¡
- pI
- bpw kmaql
- ya
- mä
- ¯
- n- Wv
. Cu Awi§
- Ä ]n¶oSv ]eX
- cw ]cn-

bp-­m-bn-«n-Ã. apK-f-km{am Pyw Ncn-{X-

\pÅ ià-amb t{]c-W-IÄ sIm­v C Wma


- §
- Ä¡v hnt[b
- a
- mb
- n. aXh
- nt
- Zzjw,

¯nsâ `mK-ambn¯oÀ¶n«pw "Ie-I-fp-

kvemw C´y³ kaq-ls¯ ]p\À\nÀan- hÀK-o-bX, kmkvIm-cn-I-tZ-io-b-X-bpsS

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 11
PU-n-e-amb Bi-b-§Ä, k\m-X-\[Àa- emw `oXnb
- ps
- S DuÀPa
- mb
- mWv D]t
- bmK
- - Xpw khÀW-À DÄs¸-Sp¶ C´y-¡msc

hm-Z-¯nsâ Bkp-c-{]-h-W-X-IÄ F¶n- s¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xv. 1920þ Ifn {]N-cn-¨ncp HXp¡n \nÀ¯nbncp-¶Xpw.

h-sbms¡ taÂ]-dª `oXn-bpsS ]cn- ¶ Nne Imcy-§Ä C{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp-¶p:-

(3).- AXy-[nIw A]-I-S-I-chpw `oXn-

Wn-X-cq-]-§fmWv. Cu taJ-e-bn Im

(1).- ]Xn\
- m
- b
- nc¡W¡
- n\v hÀjw ]g- bpW
- À¯p¶
- X
- pa
- mb Hcp X¯z
- i
- mk
- v
{ X-

cya
- ms
- bmcp hfÀ¨ ]n¶oSv kwL]
- c
- nh
- m-

¡-apÅ C´y-bpsS kwkvImcs¯bpw am-Wv Ckvemw. AXv ISp¯ A{I-ahm-

dnsâ BhnÀ`mhw hn`-P-\-¯nsâ apdn-

AXnsâ tijn-¸p-I-sfbpw XIÀ¯Xv k\


- bpw lnwkbpw hfÀ¯p¶
- X
- pa
- mW
- v
.

¸m-Sp-IÄ F¶n-h-bn-se-Ãm-ambn ImWp-

Bbncw hÀj-§Ä¡v ap¼v am{Xw C

(4).- C´y-bn \n¶v apkven-wI-sf

¶p.

´y-bn-se-¯nb apkven-wI-fm-bn-cp-¶p.

hn`-P\
- ¯
- nÂ
\mSp-I-S-¯msX ChnsS BÀ¡pw kz

lnµpXzcmjv{So-b¯
- nsâ ]¦v
(2).- apkven-wIÄ ChnsS hmfpw `oj- Ø PohnXw km[y-ta-b-Ã.

Wn-bpw D]-tbm-Kn-¨mWv `cWw t\Sn-b

taÂ]dª {]Nm-c-W-§sf ASn-

Øm-\-am¡n cq]w sIm­ ]²-Xn-bmWv

hn`-P\w. cmPyw ]¦p-sh-¨n-«m-sW-¦nepw

icn apkven-wIsf ChnsS \n¶v Hgn-hm-

¡pI
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GI\S-]-Sn-sb¶p hniz-kn-¡p-¶-hcpw

hnizk
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- h [nt]À

cwK-¯p-h-¶p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw C¯-c-

¡mÀ Hcp tNcn-bm-hp-Ibpw Ah À¡v

Hcp cmjv{So-bw DS-se-Sp-¡p-Ibpw B

cmjv
{ Sobw lnµpc
- mj
- v
{ Sob
- s
- a¶ kz ]v
\ -

¯nsâ km£mÂIm-c-¯n-\m-bpÅ ]cn-

{i-a-§fpw D]m-[n-Ifpw Bcm-bp-Ibpw

sNbvXn-cp-¶p. 1925þÂ BÀ. Fkv. Fkv.

cq]oIrXa
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- t¸mÄ taÂ]d
- ª Nn´m-

K-Xn¡v kmbp[ kz`m-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb

]pXnb IÀa-]-²-Xn-Ifpw Bhnjv I-cn-

AsXmcp Ncn-{X-]-c-amb bmYmÀYy-

taÂ]dª {]Nm-c-W-§sf
¡-s¸-«p. XpSÀ¶pÅ A\p-`-h-§Ä Ncn-

am-Wv. hn`-P-\s¯ lnµp-Xz-cm-jv{So-b-

{X-¯nse \nW-a-Wnª \mfp-I-fpsS

hmZw hfscb[nIw kzm[o-\n-¨n-cp-¶p.

ASn-Øm-\a
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bw tZiob hmZ-¯nsâ ad-]n-Sn¨v NÀ ¨


]²-Xn-bmWv hn`-P\w. cmPyw tZio-bX- bv¡
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sN¿-s¸«p XpS-§p-¶-Xv. ]nÂIm-e¯v

]¦p-sh-¨n-«m-sW-¦nepw icn `oXn-sb¶ hnImcw


ISp-¯-tZ-iob-hm-Zn-IÄ ISp¯ hn`-P\

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hntcm-[n-I-fmbn thj-¸-IÀ¨ t\Sp-¶Xv

Gsd sIm«ntLmjn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ C´y³

C ´ y m - N - c n - { X - ¯ n  I m W m - \ n - S - b m - s b -
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¦nepw bYmÀY-¯n hn`-P-\-hm-Z-¯n

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¡p-¶h
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cwK-¯p-h¶
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Sp¯
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ssIh-cn-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. lnµpXz hmZ-

P\w 1930þ Ifn kmhÀ¡-dn-k-¯nsâ


bm-hp-Ibpw AhÀ¡v Hcp
t¯mSv C´y³ tZio-b-XbpsS Xo{hX

{]Xy£ ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ambn amdn. lnµp-Xz-

cmjv{So-bw DS-se-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sb _Ôn-¸n¨p \nÀ¯p¶ kwL-]-cn-

cmjv
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B cmjv{Sobw lnµp-cm-jv{So-b- h m À a t \ m - ` m h w C k v e m w ` o X n b p s S

hn`-P\hmZ-¯nsâ Awi-§Ä D]-tbm-

X¯z
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Kn-¨m-bn-cp-¶p ]Wn-X-Xv. kwkm-cn-¡p¶


sa¶ kz]v\-¯nsâ
¶X
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v "\n§Ä tZiob
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Ncn-{X-tc-J-IÄ Cu- k-Xyw- C´y-bpsS

km£mÂIm-c-¯n-\m-bpÅ ]cn- XoÀ¨-bmbpw \n§Ä¡v lnµp-hm-bn-cn-

]nÂIm-e-t¯mSv hnfn¨p-]d-bm-Xn-cp-¶n-

{i-a§
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«nÃ.

sfbpw lnwkn¡
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bp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-¶p.
lnµpX
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-¶pÅ Hcm-ibw kwL-]-cn-hmÀ hfsc

No«mbn Is­-¯nb hn`-P-\-hmZw Ckv

ià-am-bn-¯s¶ ChnsS {]N-cn-¸n-¨Xv

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 12
ImWmw. Cu {]Nm-cWw C´y³ kaq- C´y-¡p-­m-b-Xv. hn`-P\w Nmen-s«m-gp- hpw `oXnb
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ls¯ Nne-L-«-§-fn-se-¦nepw kzm[o- Inb tNmcb


- ps
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\n-¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p­v. AtXkabw I Ä C \ n b p w A h - k m - \ n - ¡ - s ¸ - « n - « n - Ã . s]mXp-k-aqlw C\nbpw ]mI-s¸-«n-«n-sÃ-

aX-\n-c-t]-£-amb tZio-b-X-bpsS bYm \½psS kmln-Xy-s¯bpw Ie-I-sfbpw ¦nepw tZmssj-I-Zr-¡p-I-fmb Nnesc

ÀY- [m-c-tbmSv Bi-b-]-c-ambn kwh-Zn- ]T-\-§-sfbpw kwkvIm-c-s¯bpw Bg- kw_-Ôn¨v A¯-c-samcp A[x-]-X-\-

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¶ I]StZio-bX Nne L«-§-fn ]n ¯v lk³ amt­mhnsâ Hcp IY-bn lw F¯nt


- ¨c
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v amWv hÀKob cmj{
v Sob
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fp-¸-¯n kw`-hn-¨-Xm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã;- A-Xn- apt¶m«v \bn¡


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inYn-eo-I-cn-¡p¶ Hcp Zpjv{]-hÀ¯n¡v

s¯ F¡m-e¯pw kwi-b-¯nsâ Ip

ambn GtIm-]n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

\ymbo-I-cWw \ÂIp-hm³ Hcp {]Xy-b-

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apkven-wIÄ ¨-Xm-bn-¡m-Wmw. apkvenansâ aXhpw \ne-\n¡p¶ GsXmcp aX-s¯bpw

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2008 P-\p-h-cn- 13
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A-gn-bm-Ip-cp-¡p-IÄ-

A-_q-^m-bn-Z-
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Xy-kv-X- A`n-{]m-b-§Ä- k-`-bn-ep-­-m-bn- k-Xy-k-Ô-a-Ã- F-¶p- hy-àw.- cm-b- ssZ-hw- H-¶m-sW-¶pw- hm-Zn-¨p.- _n-

cp-¶p.- F¶mÂ- {Xn-X-z-s¯- \n-tj-[n-¡p- j-¸n-s³-d- hm-Zw- i-cn-b-Ã- F-¶v- A-dn-bq-

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\o- A-b-¨n-cn-¡p-¶- tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp-hn-s\- À¯


- p¶
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Kn-¨- k-`m-]n-Xm-hv- c-­mw- \q-äm-­nÂ- Po-

bpw A-dnbp-¶X
- v
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- yP
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hn-¨- sXÀ-¯p-ey³- B-Wv.- B- k-`m-]n-

Ip¶
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Xm-hn-s³-d- X-s¶- hm-¡p-IÄ- Im-Wp-I-:- {Xnt


- bI
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aq-h-À- tNÀ-¶- H-¶m-Wv- ssZ-hsa-¦nÂ- ""]nX


- mh
- v
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- h
- \
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- X- bn- ]n-Xm-hv,- ]p-{X³,- Bßm-hv,- ssZ-h-

tb-ip- ]-d-bp-I- G-I-k-Xy-ssZ-h-am-b- \n- \nÂ- \n-¶v- hy-Xy-kv-X-\m-Wv.- P-\n-¸-n-¡p- ¯ns


- ³d
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s¶-bpw F-¶-Ã;-
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\s½-bpw- F-¶m-Wv.- aq-¶pw- Iq-Sn- tN-cp- Xy-kv-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-.- ]p-{X³- ­n¡


- mW
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- ±l
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- v
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t¼mÄ- am-{X-am-W-tÃm- H-¶m-bn-¯o-cp-¶- CÃ


- mX
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- b
- a
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Xv!- A-s¸m-kv-X-e- {]-hr-¯n-I-fnÂ- C-§- k-I-e-¯n-\pw- ap-¼v- ssZ-hw- X-\n-¨m-bn- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\ hn-izm-kw.- A-Xp-s-Im-­p-X-

s\- I
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""A{
- _l
- ma
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W-tam?- Watch Tower Bible and Track So- hi
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ciety {]kn-²o-I-c-Ww,- t]-Pv- 7).-
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6Â- ]-d-bp-¶p-s­-¦nÂ- 2:-9Â- ]-d-bp-¶-Xv-

sS- ]n-Xm-¡-·m-cp-sS- ssZh


- w- Xs
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\mb
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- bmt
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- ok
- v
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v
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Db
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- - hnf
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tbmK
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\pw- Xp-ey-i-àn-bpw- a-l-¯z-hpw- ]-Z-hn- W-v {XnX


- z
- kn²
- m´
- w- Hut
- ZymK
- nI
- a
- mb
- n- Aw-

a-\-Ên-em-¡m³- {]-bm-k-an-Ã.- ]n-Xm-hmw-

bpa
- pÅ
- h
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- - hmZ
- w- s]mf
- n¨
- pI
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- c
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v Ae
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-v- m{
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- mc\
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ssZ-h-hpw- ]p-{X-\mw- ssZ-h-hpw- Xp-ey-i-

¶-Xm-Wv- Cu- h-N-\-¯nse- Xs


- ³d
- - "Zmk
- - ¯t
- \j
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- v
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- X
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àn-bpw- Ign-hpw- a-l-¯z-hp-ap-Å- H-¶n-

\mb
- - tbi
- p'- F¶
- - {]tbm-Kw.- -b-tlm-hm- S-p-¯- {Xn-X-z-kn-²m-´w- A-§-s\- {Inkv-

s³-d- aq-¶p- hi-§-fm-sW-¶m-W-tÃm- hn-

km-£n-IÄ- tb-ip-hn-s\- H-cp- kr-jvSn-bm- Xpa


- X
- ¯
- ns
- ³d
- - AS
- n¯
- d
- b
- mb
- n¯
- o˦
- p!-

izm-k-w.- ]n-s¶-bn-hn-sS-sbm-cp- "G-ä-hpw-

bpw- ssZ-h-]p-{X-s\-¶-Xv- B-e-¦m-cn-I- {]-

F.U
- n- 256þ\pw- 336þ\pw- CS
- b
- nÂ- Pohn-

DbÀ-¯Â'- F-§-s\- kw-`-hn-¡pw?-

tbm-K-am-bpw- {Xn-X-z-s¯- A-ip-²n-bm-bpw-

¨nc
- p¶
- - _nj
- ¸
- mb
- - Ad
- nb
- qk
- pw- ka
- I
- men-

Im-Wp-¶p-;- k-Xy-ssZ-hw- H-t¶-bp-Åp-sh- ""sZ-h-s¯- B-cpw- H-cp-\m-fpw- I-­n«n

(ti-jw- t]-Pv- 28 Â)-


I-\m-b- A-e-Iv-km-­-dpw- X-½nÂ- \-S-¶-

¶v- hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶p.- {XnXz-s¯- \n-tj-[n-

hmK
- zmZ
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- n²
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- mW
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v - Ae
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2008 P-\p-h-cn- 14
hnizm-kn-\nbpw amXr-[Àahpw
\hmÂ- _n³-Xv- A-_v-Zn-Ã-

k´m-\-§Ä kÀhm-[n-\m-Y-sâ- A AÃm-lp-hn-s\bpw {]-hm-N-I-s\-bpw- Imcy-§-fn amÕcyw ImWn-¡m\pw

\p{
- Kl
- a
- mW
- v
. Ahsc t\cmb hn[¯
- n kvt\ln-¡p-¶, Ah-cpsS IÂ-]\m\nÀ {]hm-N-I-sâbpw A-\p-N-c-·m-cp-sS-bpw-

hfÀ¯pI
- F¶Xv `mcn¨ D¯c
- h
- mZ
- n¯
- - tZi
- §
- Ä ]men¡
- p¶
- , \ntcm[
- §
- f
- nÂ\n Poh-N-cn-{X-§Ä hmbn¨v AXn \n¶v

am-Wv. ssZhnI hn[n-I-fn-sem-Xp-§p¶ ¶-I¶p \n¡p-¶, ssZh-h-gn-bn [\ Bthi


- a
- mÀPn
- ¡
- m\pw Hcp Ip«n¡
- mh
- p¶
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kÂ]-Ùm-hn-eqsS k´m-\-§-sf, k hpw X\phpw sNe-h-gn-¡m³ XmÂ-]-cy- Xv


, hnizmk
- n\
- nb
- mb D½b
- psS {i²b
- nÂ

K p - W - k - ¼ - ¶ - c m b n h f À ¯ n - s ¡ m ­ p sa-Sp-¡p¶ Hcp \Ã a\Ê-v a¡-fn-ep-­m- \n¶mW


- v
. -

t]mIpI F¶Xv Aev]w t¢iw Xs¶- ¡m³ hnizm-kn-\n-bmb amXmhv kÀh-m-

ap³Ime h\n-X-I-fpsS If-cn-bnÂ

bm-Wv. F¶m kXy-hn-izm-kn-\n-bmb ß\m bXv


\ n¡
- W
- w. Xsâ Icf
- nsâ Ijv

\n¶pw hfÀ¶ph¶ a¡Ä AÃm-lphn-

Hcp amXm-hnsâ kÀh {i²bpw {iahpw W-§Ä¡v kXyw, \oXn, hniz-kvX-X,

t\m-Spw {]hm-N-I-t\m-SpÅ BßmÀY-

AXn\p th­nb
- mb
- nc
- n¡
- pw. A\yq\
- a
- mb £a, [oc-X, A´Ê-v XpS-§nb al-\o-

kvt\l-¯n-sâbpw aX-¯n\p th­n-

h n i z m - k - § f p w A a q - e y - a m b k z ` m h bhpw am\p-jn-I-hpamb kÂKp-W-§Ä-

bpÅ BßmÀ¸W
- ¯
- ns
- âbpw AXpe
- y-

k { ¼ - Z m - b - § f p w a ¡ - f n  a p f - b n t e ioen-¡m³ in£Ww \ÂI-Ww. IrXy

- { ] - X o - I - § - f m - W v . A h - c - § - s \ - b m W v

hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn Hcp hnizm-kn- ka-b¯v \a-kvImcw \nÀh-ln-¡m\pw

a¡sf hfÀ¯nb
- X
- v
. Ncn{
- X¯
- n amXr-

\nt¡ hnP-bn-¡m-\m-hq. amXm-]n-Xm-¡sf A\p-k-cn-¡m\pw \Ã

II
- s
- fmc
- p]
- mS
- p­
- X
- n\
- v
. kz´w a¡f
- psS

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 15
]mc-{XnI `mhn `mkp-c-am-¡m-\pÅ bXv e³ Fsâ ImXn tNmZn¨p: ¯n\p th­n Xsâ \mep IcÄ¡-jvW-
\-a-m-bn-cp¶p BZy-Ime hnizm-kn-\n-I-fp- ""BcmWo A_q-PlvÂ? Xm¦Ä¡- §sf cW-`q-an-bn-te¡v ]d-ªb - ¨ D½.
tS-Xv. C¶s¯ amXm-¡s- f-t¸mse, Ipsd bmsf Adn-bptam?'' Ahsc ]S¡p]dªp hnSp¶ B amXm-
tbmKy-XI - fpw km£y-]{- X-§fpw DbÀ¶ ""Adn-bpw... A_qPlvens\ Adn- hnsâ bm{X-msamgn tIÄ¡q:
hcp-am-\-apÅ tPmenbpw t\Sn sFlnI ªn«v Ip«n-s¡´v Imcyw?''þRm³ tNm- ""Fsâ a¡-tf, A\p-k-c-W-tbm-sS-
`mhn am{Xw kpc-£n-X-am-¡m³ a¡sf Zn-¨p: bmWv \n§Ä apkvenw-If- m-bX - .v tkz jvS
kÖam¡pI-bm-bn-cp-¶nà AhÀ. hcm- {]Im-c-amWv \n§Ä a¡hn«v ln Pvd (]-
\n-cn-¡p¶ bYmÀY- temI¯v AÃm-lp- ""{]hm-NI Xncp-ta-\nsb Gsd t{Zm em-b-\w)- t]m¶-Xv. AÃmlp am{X-amWv
hn \n¶v e`n-t¡­ "Hdn-Pn-\ kÀ«n- ln¨ ZpjvS\ - m-Wb
- mÄ. AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv Bcm-[y³. XoÀ¨-bmbpw Hcp am-Xm-hn-
^n-¡äp'Ifpw kzÀK-¯nse "Un{Kn'Ifpw i]-Ys- a-S¯
- mWv Rm\n¶p h¶-Xv. H¶p- tâbpw ]nXm-hn-sâbpw BÀP-h-apÅ
a¡Ä¡p \jvS-s¸-Sptam F¶-Xm-bn- In Rmh-\-hs\ h[n¡pw AsÃ-¦n a¡-fmWv \n§Ä. Adn-bp-I, Cu \izc
cp¶p Ah-cpsS `bw. B amÀK-¯n Rm³ acn¡pw'' þ Ah³ temI-s¯-¡mÄ sa¨-am-bXv ]mc-{XnI
BZy-Ime amXm-¡-fpsS \gvk-dn-I- ]dªp.- Pohn-X-am-Wv. Ft¸mgpw \n§Ä At§-
fnÂ\n¶pw hfÀ¶p h¶-hc- m-scm-s¡....? Rm\-Ûp-Xs- ¸-«p. Ip«n¯w amdm¯ bäw £a Im«p-I. GXp cwK¯pw Dd¨p
t\Xm-¡Ä... tbm²m-¡Ä ... ipl-Zm-¡Ä Hcp _mesâ N]-eX - b
- Ã- , Ccp¯w h¶ \n¡p-I. AÃm-lp-hn-s\bmWv kq£n-
... ]ns¶, ]Þn-X³amÀ..... {]t_m-[- tbm²m-hnsâ BÀP-h-amWv Rm\m t¡-­-Xv. Ahs\ kq£n-¡p-¶-hÀt¡
IÀ.... Nn´-I³amÀ.... temI-sa¶pw A`n- hm¡p-I-fn I­-Xv. hnP-bn-¡m-\m-hq. bp²w F{Xtbm tLm-
am-\-t¯msS HmÀ¡p¶ alZv-hyàn-Xz- ASp¯ _me\pw Ft¶mSp tNmZn- c-am-h-s«, \n§Ä BZy´w ià-ambn
§Ä.... kz´w a¡sf ssZh-amÀK-¯n ¨Xpw ]d-ªXpw CXp Xs¶. [oc-cmb t]mcm-Sp-I. F¦n imizX temI ¯v
[Àa ka-c-¯n-\n-d-¡n-hn« amXrIm h\n- c­p ]S-bm-fn-It- fm-sSm-¸a- m-WsÃm Xm³ \n§Ä am\y-Xbpw [\y-Xbpw t\Sm-
X-IÄ. Ch-cn \ap¡pw amXr-XI - b
- p­v F¶-Xn F\n-¡`- n-am-\a- p-­m-bn. bp ²w \mhp; DbÀ¶ ]Z- h nbpw.'' (AÂ
ktlm-Zc- n-It- f!- \S-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Rm\-hÀ¡v A_q-P- J³kmAv- imC-dX-p _\o kpsse, apl-
_ZvÀ bp²-¯n\p Xbm-sd-Sp-¡p-I- lvens\ ImWn¨p sImSp-¯p-. B \nan ½Zv Pm_nÀ).-
bmWv \_n(e )bpw kzlm-_n-I-fpw. jw AhÀ A_q-P-lvens\ B{I-an¨p J³km-Av- (t) a¡sf bm{X-bb - ¨p.
Ckvem-anI Ncn-{X-¯nse {]Ya bp²w. \ne-¯n-«p. AÀ[-{]-Ú-\mbn sht«äp kz´w a¡Ä¡v C¯cw D]-tZ-ihpw
Bß-ss[-cyhpw ]IÀ¶p sImSp-¡p¶
Akvam, \n§Ä¡p awK-f-§Ä.....! AÃm-lp-hn-s\-b-ÃmsX Hcp amXmhv Fhn-bp-­n-¡m-e¯v?
asäm-¶n-s\bpw þ acW-s¯ t]mepw `b-¡m¯ þ Hcp ]p{X- CXp IqSn tIÄ¡p-I. D½p A½m-d-
¶v, ]ÀhXw t]mse-bp-d¨, knwl-ss[cyw hcn¨ Hcp bpsS IY-bm-Wn-Xv. AXn-`-àbpw H¸w
tbm²m-hn¶v in£Ww sImSp¯ Akvam, \n§Ä¡p awK- [oc-bp-amb hnizm-kn-\n. {]hm-N-I-t\m-
sSm¸w Ah-sc-{Xtbm bp²§fn ]
f-§Ä...!- s¦-Sp-¯n-«p-­v. apdn-th¡p¶ apkvenw
`S³amsc ip{iq-jn¨p sIm­v bp²-¡
s]äp-hf- À¶ \mSp-hn-t«mSn aZo-\b
- n-se-¯n- ]pf-bp¶ BbmÄ¡-cn-In-te¡v ]msª- fw apgp-h³ Ah-tcmSn \S-¡pw.
bn«pw BZÀi-a-\p-k-cn¨v kzØ-ambn ¯nb ]p{X³ CIvcn-a, A_q-P-lvens\ DlvZv bp²-amWp cwKw. bp²-¯nÂ
Pohn-¡m-\\ - p-hZ- n-¡m¯ {Iqc-cmb apivcn- Ip¯n-ho-gv-¯nb apB-Zns\ Bªp Ahc-ps- S ]p{X³ A½m-db - p-ap-­v. tLmc-
¡p-I-tfm-SpÅ \ne-\n-ev]nsâ t]mcm-«w. sh«n. sht«äv apB-Znsâ ssI Xq§n-bm- amb bp²-¯n-\n-S-bn At±-l-¯nsâ
AhÀ¡n-S-bneXm c­p Ip«n-IÄ: Sn. B _me³ t]mcm«w \nÀ¯n-bn-Ã. tXmfn-\v- amc-amb apdn-th-äp. \ne-bv¡m
Hu^pw apB-Zpw.- bp²-¯n-s\m-cp-§p¶ Aäp Xq§p¶ ssI- Xsâ t]mcm-«¯ - n\p ¯ cà-{]-hm-lw. I¿n-ep-­m-bn-cp¶
apkvenw ssk\nIsc ImWm³ h¶-XÃ XS-Êa- m-sW¶p I­-t¸mÄ apBZv AXp _m³tU-Pp-IÄ sIm­v D½p A½md
AhÀ. {]hm-N-I-t\m-sSm¯v bp²-¯n sNbvXp....! Xsâ ssI Imen-¶-Sn-bn ]p{Xsâ apdnhv hcn-ªp-sI-«n. {]hm-N-
]s¦-Sp-¡m³, amXmhv A^vdm Ah-sc sh¨v Bsªm-scmä hen! ssI thsd- I-\Xp t\m¡n \n¡p-bm-bn-cp-¶p. ti
bpw ]d-ª-b-¨-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. bmbn!! B bp²w apkvenw-IÄ hnP-bn- jw AhÀ aI-t\m-Smbn ]dªp: " tams\,
{]apJ kzlm_n A_vZpÀlvam³ ¨p. AXn Xsâ ktlm-Z-c³ Hu^v Fgp-t¶Â¡q-.... sN¶v bp²w XpScq...-''
_v\p Hu^v(t) -B kw`hw hnh-cn-¡p- cà-km-£n-bm-bn. apBZv ]t£, aq¶mw AÛp-X-s¸«p {]hm-N-I³. ""D½p A
¶Xp tIÄ¡q:- " Rm³ bp²-ap-¶W - n-bn Jeo^ Dkvam³(t)sâ `-c-W-Imew h- ½m-d, \n§Ä¡p km[n-¡p-¶Xv sN¿m
\n¡p-Ib - m-W.v Fsâ Ccp hihpw c­v sc- ]ns¶bpw Pohn-¨p.'' (AÊ-o-d-X-p-¶- ³ BÀ¡p km[n-¡pw!- \n§Ä¡p km[n-
A³kmco _me³amÀ. Ah-sc-¡mÄ _-hn-¿, C_v\plnimw, hm. 1,- t]. 634, ¡p-¶Xv sN¿m³ BÀ¡p km[n-¡pw.....'
Ign-hpä tbm²m-¡-tfm-sSm-¸-am-bn-cp¶p 635).- {]hm-N-I³ a{´n¨psImt­-bn-cp-¶p.
Rms\¦n F¶p Rm\m-{K-ln¨p t]m CXv Pmln-eo-þ-C-kvem-anI Ih-b{Xn- hymP {]hm-N-I-\mbn apssk-en-a-
bn At¸mÄ, B kabw AXn-semcp _m J³km-Av-, Ckvem-ansâ kwc-£-W- bpsS ASp-t¯¡v \_n(e) ZqX\mbn
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 16
]d-ª-b-¨Xv D½p A½-m-d-bpsS Xs¶
]p{X-\mb Jºm-_n-s\-bm-bn-cp-¶p. ] hn]Õ-Ôn-I-fn Pohn-X-¯n Ccp«pt]mse ]d-s¶-¯p-
t£, IÅ-\mb apssk-ena {]hm-NI t¼mgpw k¦oÀW--amb {]iv\-§fpw {]Xn-k-Ôn-Ifpw \mep-
ZqX- \ mb Jºm- _ ns\ AwK- t OZw
\S¯n h[n¨p If-ªp. aIsâ \njvTq- ]mSpw \n¶m-{I-an-¡p-t¼mgpw a\-Ê-p-d¨ kXy-hn-izm-k-\n
c-amb h[-hmÀ¯ D½p Aam-db
Ah-cn \n¶pw amXr-kl
- d- n-ªp.
- P- a- mb s]m«n-
bpsS \ne [oc-am-bn-cn-¡pw.
-¡-c-¨nepw \ne-hn-fn-Ifpw {]Xo-£n-¨-
hÀ¡v sXän. Cuam³ sIm­v- A\p-{K- «ntÃ?'' fmbn hoW-t¸mÄ B alXn Akm-am-
lo-Xb - mb AhÀ ilo-Zmb Xsâ aI¶p \y-amb ss[cy-amWp Im«n-b-Xv. Xsâ
th­n, X\n¡p th­n AÃm-lp-hn-t\m ""Adp-¡-s¸« BSnsâ tXmep-cn-
Sp {]mÀY-n-¡pI am{X-amWv sNbvX-Xv''- ( ªm³ AXn\p thZ-\n-¡n-sö hn th \mep IcÄ¡-jvW§ - Ä! Pohn-X¯
- nsâ
A aÀ-A-X-p Ad-_n-¿, A_vZpà Iw lÖm-Pn\v ]dªp sImSp-¡m³ Bew-_§ - Ä! ap¼v "kJvdn's\¡p-dn-t¨m
A^o-^n, hm. 2,- t]. 94þ96).- Bcp­v?!'' (lpÂb-¯p Huen-bm-Av. À¯p Icª I®p-IÄ At¸m-gp-a-hÀ
hm. 1, t]. 329).- ¡p­v: ]t£, AhÀ Ic-ªn-Ã, {]mÀ
CXv A_q-_-¡À (t)hnsâ ]p{Xn Y-n¨p:
Akvam-Av- (t).- ià-amb hnizm-k-¯n- Akvam, \n§Ä¡p awK-f§ - Ä.....! A
sâbpw DXvIr-jvS-amb k´m\ in£- Ãm-lp-hn-s\-bÃ- msX asäm-¶n-s\bpw þ ac ""a¡-fpsS cà-km-£n-Xz-¯n-eqsS
W-¯n-sâbpw A\p-]a amXr-Ib - m-Wh- À. W-s¯ t]mepw `b-¡m¯ þ Hcp ]p{X-¶,v F\n¡p am\yX \ÂInb \mYm, \n\
]ÀhXw t]mse-bp-d¨, knwl-ss[cyw h ¡p kvXpXn, C\n-sbsâ B{Klw \m
lÖmPv_v\p bqkp-^p-ambn \o­ cn¨ Hcp tbm²m-hn¶v in£Ww sIm sf kzÀK-¯n \nsâb\p-{K-l-¯n³-
\mfs¯ bp²-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p Ah-À.- ]p Sp¯ Akvam, \n§Ä¡p awK-f-§Ä...!- Iogn R§sf \o Hcp-an¨pIq«pI am
{X³ A_vZpÃm-ln-_v\p kpss_À (t). {Xw!'' (HuZ-¯p lnPm-_v, hm. 31, t].
bp²-¯n-\n-S-bn Hcp Znhkw At±lw "Ckvem-an\v- A[n-I-sam¶pw tkh 267).-
D½sb kao-]n¨p ]dªp: \w sN¿m-\m-hm¯ X§Ä¡p th­n
a¡Ä Ft¸mgpw a\-ap-cp-In {]mÀY-n-¡ kl-\-¯nsâ asämcp amXr-I-bmWv
""D½m, lÖmPv a¡ apgp-h³ D]- D½p-kp-ssew(t ). A_q-XzÂlx(t )
tcm-[n¨p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. C\nbpw Ww'...- BZy-Ime hnizm-kn-\n-IÄ a¡sf
bp²w XpS-cm³ am{X-apÅ Icp¯pw B hfÀ¯p-t¼mÄ Ah-cpsS Nn´ C-Xm-bn- bpsS `mcy. `À¯mhv ]Ån-bn-te¡v t]m
fp-Ifpw Ft¶m-sSm-¸-an-Ã. DÅ-h-cm-Is« cp-¶p. b ka-b¯ - mWv Ah-cpsS Ipªns\ A
Hcp aWn-¡q-dn-e[- nIw t]mepw £an-¡m H-cp- \-_n-hN
- \
- ¯
- n-sâ- kmc-an-§s\: Ãmlp Xncn-s¨-Sp-¯-Xv. Hcp amXm-hnsâ
³ Ign-bm-¯-hÀ. C\n H¶p-In Iog-S- ""Hcp hyàn-bpsS ac-t¯msS aq¶v Imcy- kÀh \nb-{´-W-§fpw hnSp¶ ka-bw.
§p-I. AsÃ-¦n acn-¡p-I. CX-Ãm- sam-gn¨v asäÃmw \jvS-s¸-Spw. B aq¶n- ]t£, AhÀ A_-e-bm-bn-Ã. amd-¯-
s¯mcp hgn Fsâ ap¼nenÃp½m. Rm sem¶v X\n¡v th­n {]mÀY-n¡ - p¶ \Ã Sn¨v \ne-hn-fn-¨n-Ã. acn¨ Ipªnsâ P
s\´p sN¿Ww?'' k´m-\a- m-Wv.' (5. apkvenw, A_q-Zm-hqZv, \mk AhÀ Xs¶ Ipfn-¸n¨v Hcp apdn-
\km-Cu, ss_l-Jn, AlvaZv).- bn InS-¯n.
""tamt\, _\qDa-¿-bpsS a¡Ä A_qXzÂlx(t) Xncn¨ph¶p.- Ipfn-
\nsâ Xe-sIm­v ]´m-Sp-¶-Xn-s\-¡m hnizm-kn-\n-bpsS kl\ ioew s¨m-cp-§n, \Ã hkv{X-§-f-Wnªp X
Ä F\n-¡njvSw ac-W-am-Wv. am\y-ambn hn]Õ-Ôn-I-fn Pohn-X-¯n Ccp s¶-bmWv D½p kpssew `À¯m-hns\
t]mcm-Sp-I. th­n-h-¶m am\yam «p t]mse ]d-s¶-¯p-t¼mgpw k¦oÀW- FXn-tc-ä-Xv. F¦nepw X§-fpsS s]m
bn¯s¶ acn-¡p-I.'' -amb {]iv\-§fpw {]Xn-k-Ôn-Ifpw \m t¶m-a-\-bpsS acW hmÀ¯ Ah-c-t±l
A_vZp-Ã-bpsS a\-kn D½-bpsS ep-]mSpw \n¶m-{I-an-¡p-t¼mgpw a\-Ê-p- s¯ Adn-bn-¨n-Ã. aIs\ tNmZn-¨-t¸mÄ
hm¡pÄ ]pXn-sbm-cm-th-i-ap-WÀ¯n. d¨ kXy-hn-izm-k-\n-bpsS \ne [oc-am- Dd-§p¶q F¶p-am{Xw ]d-ªp.
hÀ[-n-X-ho-cy-t¯msS lÖm-Pnsâ tk bn-cn-¡pw. B cm{Xn AhÀ \¶m-bn-¯s¶
\-tbm-S-bmÄ Gäp-ap-«n. Bh-\m-gn-bnse Ckvem-an-te¡v hcp-¶-Xn\p ap¼v Ign¨p Iq«n. cmhn-s\m-Sp-hn `À¯m-hn-
As¼m-gn-bp-thm-fw..... Ic-hmÄ \jvSs- ¸- ktlm-Z-c³ "kJvdn'sâ thÀ]m-Sn t\mSv D½p kpssew tNmZn¨p:
Sp-thm-fw... Ah-km\w B [oc³ h[n- X]vXa- \
- k
- vIb
- mbn- hne-]n¨p ]mSn\S¶
¡-s¸-«p. lÖmPv At±-l-¯nsâ arX- ""AÃ, C¶ IpSpw-_-¯nsâ IY-b-
i-cocw hnIrX-am¡n I-pcn-in Xd-¨p. Hcp Ih-b{Xn- J³km-Av(t). Ckvem- dnsªm? Hcp hkvXp AhÀ ISw hm
ansâ kpK-Ôhpw Cuam\nsâ ssØ §n. AXnsâ DS-a-bXp Xncn¨p tNmZn-
Akvam-Av-(t) AX-dn-ªp. {Iqin-X- cyhpw a\-Ê-n tNt¡-dn-b-t¸mÄ Ah- ¡p-t¼mÄ Xncn¨p sImSp-¡p-¶n-Ã.''
amb aIsâ arX-i-co-c-¯n-\-cn-In cpsS ap¶-hØ- b - n AÛp-XI - c- a- mb amä-
AhÀ sN¶p. ap-­m-bn. £a!- XnIª £a-bn-te-¡- ""sO, AXp \oXn-bÃ- tÃm'' A_q Xz
AhÀ ]dªp: ""AÃm, Cu [oc- hÀ amdn. F{X-h-sc, sFlnI hn`-h-§- Âl {]Xn-h-Nn-¨p.
tbm-²m-hn\v C\nbpw Xsâ IpXn-c-¸p- fn-ep-¯-amb Xsâ \mep a¡Ä JmZn- ""F¦nÂ, \½fpw AÃm-lp-hn \n
d¯p \n¶pw Cd-§m³ ka-b-am-bn- kn¿x cWm-¦-W-¯n cà-km-£n-I- s¶mcp ISw hm§n-bn-«p-­s- Ãm, \½psS
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 17
tam³. Ah-\Xp Xncn¨p hm§n-bn-cn-¡p- ¨p. ]m]-tam-N-\-¯n-\mbn a\-Ê-dnªp Ä¡v. kXy-¯n-sâbpw k·mÀK-¯n-sâ
¶p.'' {]mÀY-n-¨p. bpw ]mX-bn-te¡v shfn¨w hoip¶ G
D½p kpssew kw`hw hnh-cn-¨p. ]nSn¨p\n¡m-\m-hn-söp Icp-Xp¶ sXm-c-dnhpw AhÄ kzmb-¯-am-¡pw.
""C¶m enÃmln h C¶m Csseln k¶nKv[- L«-§-fn kzbw kl-I-fm- AXn AÃm-lp-hns\¡-pdn¨pw aX-\n-
dmPn-Du³....- D½pkpssew, £a-bn \o bn-¯oÀ¶ F{Xtbm al-Xn-I-fp­v C b-a-§sf¡-pdn-¨pap-Å Adn-hp-­m-Ipw.
Fs¶bpw Ih¨psh¨p''þ At±lw ]-d- \nbpw Ncn-{X-¯nÂ. CXv kzne¯v k¨-cn-X-cmb kzlm_o ]pcp-j-·m-sc
ªp.- DssY-an(t)sâ `mcy apBZx AÂ AZzn- ¡pdn¨pw h\n-X-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨p-apÅ hnh-
¿(t). sFlnI hnc-àn-bpw Bcm-[\m- c-ap-­m-hpw. A§s\, \msf, kap-Zm-b-
aIsâ I_-d-S¡w Ign-sª-¯nb \n-a-á-bp-am-bn-cp¶ hnizm-kn-\n. Hcp ¯nsâ s\Spw XqWp-I-fm-th­ Xsâ
A_q XzÂl-tbmSv {]hm-NI - ³ (e) ]d bp²-¯n Xsâ `À¯mhpw aI\pw a¡-fpsS in£-W-¯n-s\m¯ A[ym-]n-
ªp: ""A_q-XzÂlx \n§-fpsS Ign cà-km-£n-I-fm-bn-¯oÀ¶ hmÀ¯-b- I-bm-bn-¯ocpw AhÄ.
ª cm{Xn F{X A\p-Kr-lo-X-am-bn-¯o dnªv Xs¶ Bizm-kn-¸n-¡m-s\-¯nb Adn-hmWv Hcp apkvenw h\n-Xsb
À¶n-cn-¡p-¶p.'' {]kvXpX kw`hw {]hm- Iq«p-Im-cn-I-tfmSv apBZx ]dªp: ""F amXrIm `mcy-bm-¡p-¶Xpw e£-W-sam
N-I³ (e) hlvbn-eqsS Adn-bp-I-bm-bn- s¶ A`n-\-µn-¡m-\mWv hcp-¶-sX-¦n ¯ amXm-hm-¡p-¶Xpw IrXy-\n-jTv b - pÅ
cp-¶p. Iq«p-Im-cn-tf, \n§Ä¡p kzmK-Xw. Biz- Krl-\m-bn-Ib - m-¡p-¶X - p-sam-s¡.
B cm{Xn-bmWv D½pkpssew A_v kn-¸n-¡m-\m-sW-¦n \n§Ä¡p Xncn¨p ]s¯m-¼-Xm-as¯ hb-Ê-m-Ip-t¼m-
Zp-Ãsb KÀ`w [cn-¨-Xv. A³km-dp-I-fn t]mImw!'' tg¡pw {]hm-NI ]Xv\n BC-i (t) aX-
AXn-t{i-jvT\ - mbn hfÀ¶ph¶ bphm-hv. {]nb `À¯m-hn-sâbpw s]m¶p ]p{X- hn-Úm\ taJ-eb - nse Pzen-¡p¶ Xmc-
At±-l-¯n\v ]nÂIm-e¯v ]¯p a¡- sâbpw ac-W-¯n amd-¯-Sn¨p \ne-hn- ambn amdn-bn-cp-¶p. {]kn² kzlm_n
fp-­m-bn-cp¶p. JpÀ-B³ a\x-]m-T-am- fn-¡m-sX, lrZb s\m¼-c-¯m A«-l- A_q-lp-db - d-v (- t)sb¡-gn-ªm Gähpw
¡nb ]¯p a¡Ä! (_pJm-cn, apkvenw).-
ktlm-Zc- n-It- f, CXv- £a-bm-W.v kl-
\w. hn]-XvL-«-§-fn C§s\ £an- {]nb `À¯m-hn-sâbpw s]m¶p ]p{X-sâbpw ac-W-¯nÂ
¡m³ D½pkpsse-an-s\-t]mepÅ hnizm- amd-¯S- n¨p \ne-hn-fn-¡m-sX, lrZb s\m¼-c¯
- m A«l-
kn-\n-IÄt¡, Ign-bq. Ah-sc-¡p-dn¨v kn-¡m-sX, Ah-cpsS cà-kz-£n-Xz-¯n kt´mjw
{]hm-NI - ³ (e) ]dªp: ""Rm³ kzÀK-
¯n {]th-in-¨p. F\n¡p ap¼n-semcp sIm­ apB-Zm.. \n§-sf-t¸m-epÅ kv{XocXv\§ - f- m-emWv
ImÂ-s]-cp-amä i_vZw. AXv dpssak
_n³Xv apenlm(D½p-kpssew)bpsS-Xm-
apkvenw D½-¯nsâ DbÀ¨bpw, Ah-cpsS B`n-Pm-Xy-hpw.
bn-cp-¶p'' (_pJm-cn, apkvenw).- kn-¡m-sX, Ah-cpsS cà-kz-£n-Xz- IqSp-XÂ {]hm-NI Xncp-sam-gnIfpsS
DlZv bp²-¯n "Ak-Zp-Ãmln' lw ¯n kt´mjw sIm­ apB-Zm... \n \nth-Z-I-bmWv BC-i (t). Ah-sc-¸än
k(t) h[n-¡-s¸-«p. i{Xp-¡Ä At±-l- §-sf-t¸m-epÅ kv{Xo cXv\-§-fm-emWv Camw kplvcn ]dªp: ""kIe kv{XoI-
¯nsâ arX-i-co-cs¯ Adp¯p hnIr- apkvenw D½-¯nsâ DbÀ¨bpw, Ah-cp fpsS hnÚm-\hpw BC-i(t )bpsS
X-am-¡n. IcÄ ]dn-s¨-Sp¯v Nh¨p Xp sS B`n-Pm-Xy-hpw. hnÚm-\hpw Xpe\w sNbvXmÂ, Bbn-
¸n. {]hm-NI - s\ Gsd thZ-\n-¸n¨ tLm ac- W - s ¸« `À¯m- h ns\ kz´w i-bpsS hnÚm-\¯ - n\v amäp IqSpw. Znt\
c-kw-`-h-am-bn-cp¶p AXv. ssIsIm­v Ipfn-¸n-¨v, I^³ sNbvXv \ F{X s]®p-§-fmWv Ahsc kµ
B kabw kzk-tlm-Z-csâ arX-i- I_-d-S-¡m³ sImSp-¯-b-¨ A_vZp-Ãm- Àin¨v Adnhp t\Sn-bn-cp-¶-Xv.''
cocw Hcp t\m¡p ImWm³ {]-hm-NI - (e) ln_v\p ^d-Pnsâ `mcybpw Ncn-{X-¯n {]hm-NI ]Xv\n-am-scms¡ BC-i
-sâ A½mbn kz^n¿(t) At§m«p \ndªp\nÂ]-p-­v. A§s\ ssZh-amÀ (t)sbt¸m-se-¯s¶ hnÚm\w Ic-
h¶p. IcÄ XIÀ¡p¶ B cwKw Im K-¯n £a ssIs¡m-­-hÀ F{X-bm- Ø-am-¡p-¶-Xnepw ssIam-dp-¶-Xnepw
Wm-Xn-cn-¡m³ Ah-cpsS aI³ kpss_ Wv. Cuam-\nsâ \nd-Ip-S§
- Ä! GXp ]co- XÂ-]-c-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. Ckvemw kv{Xok-
À D½sb XSªp \nÀ¯n. £-W-§-sfbpw t\cn-Sm³ Ic-fp-d¸v t\ aq-l-¯n\v BZ-c-Wob ]Zhn \ÂInb
AhÀ ]dªp: ""\n§-sfs¶ XS-bp- Snb hnizm-kn-\n-IÄ!! Ah-cn AÃm-lp- A¶p apXÂt¡ KpW-apä hnÚm\
¶-sX-´n\v? Fsâ ktlm-Z-cs\ AhÀ hnsâ Icp-W-bp-­m-h-s«. tiJ-c-¯n\v {i²-Im-«p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p
sh«n hnIr-X-am-¡n-bn-«p­v Fs¶-\n-¡- hnÚm-\I - p-Xp-Inbpw BZy-Ime hnizm-kn-\n-IÄ. Ah-cn JpÀ-
dn-bmw. AÃm-lp-hnsâ amÀK-¯n-em-WX - v. {]t_m-[I
- bpw B³ apgp-h-\mbpw `mKn-I-ambpw a\x-]m-
]ns¶´p sIm­v F\n-¡X - n £an¨p hnÚm\ IpXp-In-bmWv bYmÀY- T-am-¡n-b-h-cp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. {]hm-NI h-
IqSm? C³im AÃmlv, F\n¡p hne- kXy-hn-izm-kn-\n. Xsâ hnizm-k-¯n\v N-\-§Ä- lrZ-n-Ø-am-¡n-b-h-cp-­m-bn-cp-
]n-¡m-\m-hnÃ''.- sFiz-cyhpw `b-`-àn-IÄ¡v B[n-Iy ¶p. ad¡p ]nd-In-en-cp¶v ]pcp-j· - mÀ¡p
XpSÀ¶v AhÀ lwk(t)bpsS apJw hpw ]I-cp¶ aX-hn-Úm-\-§-tfmSv t]mepw Ahcm hnÚm-\-§Ä ssIam-
I­p. At±-l-¯n\p th­n \akvI-cn- {]tXyIw B`n-ap-Jy-am-bn-cn¡pw Ah dn-bn-cp-¶p.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 18
]Tn-¡pI F¶-Xn-ep-]cn ]Tn-¨h Jym\ K{\Yw Xs¶ kzoI-cn-¨p. A§s\ \n-¡v- hn-j-a-ap-­v''.--
kzPo-hn-X-¯n km£m-XvI-cn-¡pI "Xplv^¡v hymJym-\s- a-gpXn hc-\m-hpI A_q-XzÂl ]dªp: ""kzÀW-hpw
F¶-Xn-em-bn-cn-¡Ww hnizm-kn-\n-bpsS Fs¶mcp hÀ¯-am\w Xs¶ A¶v P\- shÅnbpw alvdmbn IqSp-X In«m-\pÅ
{i². e`y-amb Adnhv Pohn-X¯ - n DÄ §Ä¡n-Sb - n-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶p. X{´-amtWm CXv?'
sIm-Åp-I, kXy-k-Ô-ambn Ah A\y hnÚm\ IpXp-In-I-fmb Ipsd hn " sXäv. Ah-bn-sem¶pw F\n¡v XmÂ-
À¡p ]IÀ¶p sImSp-¡p-I, Adn-hnsâ izm-kn-\n-If- p-sS Nn{X-§f- n Nne-XmWn- ]-cy-an-Ã. \o apkven-am-Ip-sa-¦n AXp-
hgn-bn-te¡v Bfp-Isf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n- Xv. Adnhp k¼m-Z\ - ¯
- n am{X-aà Ah- aXn F\n¡p al-dmbn.'' AhÀ adp-]Sn
¡pI CsXm-s¡-bmWv AXv. At¸mÄ cpsS bXv\-w-;- ssZh-amÀK-¯n-te-¡pÅ ]d-ªp.
AhÄ Htc kabw ]Þn-Xbpw {]hÀ {]t_m-[\ cwK¯pw Ah-bp-­v. IpSpw-
¯-Ibpw {]t_m-[I - b- p-am-bn-¯o-cpw. _-¡m-scbpw `À¯m-hn-s\bpw a¡-sfbpw ""A_qXzÂl {]hm-NI k¶n-[n-bn
kz`À¯m-hn\v A[ym-]\w \S-¯n- AÃm-lp-hnsâ kZp-]t- Z-i¯ - n-te¡p £  sN¶v apkven-am-bn. AhÀ X½n-epÅ
bn-cp¶ Hcp alnfmcXv\w Ncn-{X-¯n-ep- Wn-¡pI F¶ tPmen Adnhpt\Snb hnhm-lhpw \S-¶p.'' B Z¼-Xn-I-fpsS
­v. kCuZv_v\p apkz-¿n-_n(t)sâ- ]p kXy-hn-izm-kn\n `wKn-bmbn \nÀh-ln¨p Pohn-¯n-ep-­mb Hcp kw`hw t\cs¯
{Xn. ]nXm-hnsâ hnZymÀY-n-I-fn-sem-cm-fm- sIm­n-cn-¡pw. hni-Zo-Ic- n-¨n-«p-­v.
bn-cp¶p Ah-cpsS `À¯m-hv. an¡-t¸m Ckvem-ansâ {]mcw` Imew apX {]apJ kzlm-_n-bmb km_nXv (t)
gpw ]n-Xm-hn-\p- ]Icw aIÄ Xs¶-bmWv t¡ {]t_m-[\ amÀK-¯n Ht«sd t¢ ]d-bp¶p: ""D½p kpsse-ansâ alv-dn-s\-
`À¯m-hn\v ¢msÊ-Sp¯p sImSp-¡m-dv. i-§Ä kln-¨n-«p­v hnizm-\n-kn-IÄ. ¡mÄ al-¯m-sbmcp alv-À R§Ä
AsX, AhÀ hnPvRm\ k¼-¶-bm-bn- AÃm-lp-hns\ AwKo-Ic- n-¡m³, Ahs\ I­n-t«-bn-Ã. AhÀ Ckvem-ans\ al-
cp-¶p. A\p-kc- n-¡m³, Ahsâ Xr]vXn Ic-Ø- dmbn kzoI-cn-¨p.'' (A_q-ZmhqZv).-
Camw amenIn-(t)sâ hn{ipX lZoYv- am-¡m³ Ahcpw Bfp-Isf £Wn-¨n-cp- AsX, AhÀ bYmÀY- kXy-hn-izm-
v{KÙ-amWv "A aphXz'. CS-bv¡nsS ¶p. AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSpw dkq-en-t\m-Sp-apÅ kn-\n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kµÀ`-§sf Ckvem-
At±-la- Xv Xsâ injy-sc-s¡m­v hmbn- {]Xn-_-²-X-bmWv {]t_m[\ cwK¯v an\pw apkvenw-IÄ¡pw th­n D]-tbm-
¸n-¡m-dp-­v. AhcpsS hmb-\-¡n-S-bnÂ- kz´w D¯-c-hm-Zn¯w kaÀ¸n-¡m³ A K-s¸-Sp-¯nb al-Xn. A_q-XzÂl-bpsS
A£-c-¸n-i-Ip-Isfm hymI-c-W-s¯-äp- hÀ¡v t{]c-Ia- m-bn-¯oÀ¶Xv. Ckvem-am-tÇ-j-W-¯n-eqsS dºnsâ
Isfm h¶m At±-l¯ - nsâ aIÄ apdn- "dpssak' F¶ D½pkpsse-ansâ {]Xn-^ew t\Snb `mKy-h-Xn.
¡p-Ån \n¶pw hmXn-en ap«n i_vZ- IY AÛp-X-amWv. Ah-cpsS BZy`À {]hm-NI Xncp-ta\n(t) ]dªp: ""\n
ap-­m-¡pw. AXp tI«m Camw amenIv ¯m-hnse ]p{X³ A\kv(t) B IY ¶n-eqsS AÃmlp Hcmsf k·mÀK-¯n-
injy-t\mSv hmbn¨ `mKw Hcn-¡Â IqSn ]d-bp-¶p. ""Hcn-¡Â Fsâ ]n-Xm-hv- amen em-¡pI F¶Xv hne-]n-Sn-¸pÅ Nph¶
hmbn-¡m-\m-hi - y-s¸Spw. sXäv Is­-¯p- Iv D½-tbmSv ]d-ªp, "Cu a\p-jy³ ({] H«-I§ - s- f-¡mÄ D¯-aa- m-bX- m-Wv.' (_p-
Ibpw sN¿pw. hm-N-Is\ Dt±-in¨v) aZy-]m\w ldm-am- J-m-cn,- ap-kv-enw-).-
"Xplv^-¯p ^pJ-lm-Av' F¶ sW¶v {]Jym-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. IÅp-Ip-Sn- DaÀ (t) sâ IY-bd- ntÃ? Ducn-¸nSn¨
{]kn² {KÙ-¯nsâ IÀ¯m-hmWv ¡msX ChnsS Pohn-¡m³ F\n-¡m-hn- hmfp-ambn {]hm-NIs\- sIm-Ãm³- t]mb
Aem-hp-±o-\p-¯nÀan-Zn. ]Þ-nX - bpw IÀa- Ã. Rm³ \mSph-nSp-Ib - mWv'. tij-at- ±lw t]m¡ncnbmb DaÀ. hgn-as[y I­p-ap-
imkv{X hnim-c-Z-bp-am-bn-cp¶p At±-l- iman-se-¯n. AhnsS IpSnbpw Ip¯-gn «nb Xsâ kXoÀ°y³ \pAva- m\-p_ - v\p
¯nsâ aIÄ ^mXz-na- . ]nXm-hnsâ {]kv ª Pohn-X-hp-ambn kzbw \in-¨p.'' A_vZn-Ã Da-dn-t\mSv Xnc-¡n. ""Ft§m«m
XpX {KÙw AhÀ lrZ-n-Ø-am-¡n-bn-cp-
¶p. Adn-hnsâ \nd-I-p-S-am-bn-cp¶ Ah Ckvem-ansâ {]mcw` Imew apXÂs¡ {]t_m-[\ amÀK¯nÂ
sc hnhmlw sN¿m³ {]ap-Jc- m-Pm-¡·m
À t]mepw Btem-Nn-¡p-I-bp-­m-bn. ] Ht«sd t¢i-§Ä kln-¨n-«p­v hnizm-\n-kn-IÄ. AÃm-lphn
t£, "]ÞnX cmP' F¶ A]-c\- ma¯n s\ AwKo-I-cn-¡m³, Ahs\ A\p-k-cn-¡m³, Ahsâ Xr]v
 Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ A_q-_-¡À AÂ
Imkm-\n-¡mWv B `mKyw ssIh-¶-Xv. Xn Ic-Ø-am-¡m³ Ahcpw Bfp-Isf £Wn-¨ncp-¶p.
B IY-bn-§-s\:- Xplv^¡v "AÂ
_-Zm-bn-Av' F¶ t]cn At±-l-samcp ""hn-[-h-bm-bn-¯oÀ-¶- D-½-sb- hn-hm- Wv Da-td, hmfp-ambn C{X tZjy-¯nÂ?''
hymJym\ {KÙ-sa-gp-Xn. AXv Kpcphpw lw- sN-¿m-\p-Å- XmÂ-]-cy-t¯m-sS- A- ""Rm³ apl-½-Znsâ Xe-sb-Sp-¡m³
Xplv^b - psS IÀ¯m-hp-amb Aem-hp-±o- _q-XzÂ-l(t) A-h-sc- k-ao-]n-¨p.- A-hÀ- t]mIp-¶p''þ DaÀ.-
\p-¯nÀan-Zn¡v kaÀ¸n-¨p. {]kvXpX ]-d-ªp-:- "Rm-s\m-cp- ap-kv-en-am-Wv.- Xm-¦- ""apl-½-Zns\ h[n-¨m lminw-þ-kp
{KÙ-¯n k´p-jvS-\mb At±lw sf-t¸m-sem-cm-sf- \n-cm-is- ¸-Sp-¯n- A-b¡
- p- lvd IpSpw-_-§Ä \ns¶ shdpsX hnS-
Xsâ aIsf A_q-_-¡-dn\p hnhmlw ¶-X-v i-cn-b-sÃ-¶-dn-bmw.- F-¶mÂ- Xm-¦- Wsa-¶msWm?'' þAbmÄ.-
sNbvXp sImSp-¡p-Ib - m-bn-cp-¶p. aI-fpsS sfm-cp- _-lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-I-\m-Wv.- A-Xn-
hnhm-l-aq-ey-ambn At±-l-¯nsâ hym \mÂ- Xm-¦f- p-am-bn- h-nh
- m-ln-Xb- m-hm³- F- ""\obpw ]gb aXw hn«v hgn-]n-g-¨ncn-
¡p¶p AsÃ? \nsâ hm¡p-IÄ AXdn-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 19
bn-¡p-¶p-­v \pAv-am³''. DaÀ Da-dnsâ tIm]w Dcp-Ip-Ib - m-bn-cp-¶p. ¡mw. A§s\ At±lw AXn-\-Sp¯v
""Da-sd, AXn-t\-¡mÄ AÛp-X-I-c- Ipd¨p ap¼v Hcp- {`m-´s\t¸mse Ae- sN¶-t¸mÄ (C{]-Imcw) hnfn-¨p-]-d-b-
amb hmÀ¯ \n\¡p tIÄ¡sWm? \n dp-Ibpw hym{L-s¯-t¸mse B{I-an-¡p- s¸«p tl; aqkm. XoÀ¨-bmbpw Rm\mWv
sâ Hma-\-s¸-§fpw `À¯mhpw Ckvem- Ibpw sNbvX DaÀ BsI amdn. \nsâ c£n-Xm-hv. AXn-\m \o \nsâ
am-tÇ-jn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p''þ AbmÄ ]d-ªp. ""£an-¡Ww ^mXzn-am, tZjy-¯m sNcn-¸p-IÄ Agn¨v sh¡p-I. \o Xzphm
DaÀ ]ns¶ \S-¶Xv ktlm-Zc- n-bpsS Fs´m-s¡tbm kw`-hn-¨p t]mbn. \n F¶ ]cn-ip² Xmgvhc- b - n-em-Ip-¶p. Rm³
ho«n-te-¡m-bn-cp-¶p. AbmÄ ]d-ªXv §Ä hmbn-¨n-cp-¶Xv F\n-s¡m¶p X \ns¶ sXc-sª-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-
kXy-am-sW-¦n Ah-cm-hs« Cu hmfn cpsam? Rm\p-sam¶p hmbn-t¨m-s«.'' \m t_m[\w \ÂI-s¸-Sp-¶Xv \o
""CÃ. ip²n-bp-Å-hÀt¡ CXv sXm {i²n¨v tI«p-sIm-Åp-I. XoÀ¨-bmbpw
sâ BZys¯ Cc. Rm\m-Ip¶p AÃmlp. Rm\-ÃmsX Hcp
ho«n ktlm-Zcn ^mXzn-a¡pw `À Sm-hq. \o sN¶v Ipfn¨p ip²n-bmbn h ssZh-hp-an-Ã. AXn-\m Fs¶ \o
¯m-hn\pw Jºm_v (t) JpÀ-B³ ]Tn- cq''þ ^mXzna ]d-ªp. Bcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw, Fs¶ HmÀan-¡p-¶X - n-
¸n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Da-dnsâ ImÂs]-cp- At±lw Ipfn¨ph¶p. ktlm-Z-cn- \mbn \a-kvImcw apd-t]mse \nÀh-ln-
am-äa- d- nª Jºm_v(t) Hfn-¨n-cp-¶p. sN bn \n¶pw JpÀ-B-\nsâ GSp-IÄ hm ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-I.'' (A J-kz-kzpÂ
¶-]msS DaÀ tNmZn¨p: " F´mWv Rm\n- §n hmbn-¨p. Ckvem-an¿ ^o Alva-Zn-¶p-_p-Ưn
hnsS \n¶pw Hcp ]mcm-bW i_vZw tI kqdx Xzml-bnse BZys¯ Ipd¨p h Jpe-^m-CÀdm-jn-Zo³. hm. 1 t]. 239).-
«Xv?'' (AhÀ JpÀ-B-\nse "Xzml' A kqà-§Ä. At±lw AXv hmbn¨v: Cu hnip² hN-\-§Ä At±-l-
[ymbw ]Tn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p).- ""Xzmlm.- \n\¡v \mw JpÀ-B\v Ah- ¯n amä-ap-­m¡n. ]ns¶ Im¯p
""R§Ä c­p t]cpw Nne Imcy-§ X-cn-¸n¨v X¶Xv \o IjvSs- ¸-Sm³ th­n- \n¶n- à . {]hm- N I ka£w sN¶v
Ä kwkm-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p''þ c­mfpw bÃ. `b-s¸-Sp-¶-hÀ¡v DÂt_m-[\w At±lw apkven-am-bn. \_n Xncp-ta-\n-
H¸pw ]d-ªp. \ÂIm³ th­n am{X-am-W-Xv. `qanbpw bpsS \nc-´c {]mÀY-\-bpsS km£m-
""\n§Ä apl-½-Znsâ aXw kzoI-cn D¶-Xa- mb BIm-i§ - fpw krjvSn-¨h- sâ XvImcw IqSn-bm-bn-cp¶p Da-dnsâ Ckvemw
¨n-cn-¡p¶p F¶p tI«p. t\cmtWm?'' ]¡Â\n¶v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-«-Xs{X kzoI-cW- w. Ahn-Sp¶v {]mÀY-n¡ - m-dp-­m-
þtIm]w sIm­p hnd-¡p-Ib - m-bn-cp¶p Da- AXv. ]c-aI - m-cp-Wn-I³ knwlm-\Ø - \ - m- bn-cp-¶p: ""\mYm, c­n Hcp Da-dn-s\-
d-t¸mÄ. bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ah-¶p-Å-Xm-Ip¶p BIm- s¡m­v Ckvem-ans\ \o iàn-s¸-Sp-
i-§-fn-ep-ÅXpw `qan-bn-ep-Å-Xpw Ah- t¯-W-ta,'' asämcp DaÀ sIm­p-t±iyw
AXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-ªXv ktlm- bv¡n-Sn-bn-epÅXpw a®n-\-Sn-bn-ep-Å-Xp- A_q-P-lvem-bn-cp-¶p.
Zco `À¯m-hm-bn-cp-¶p:- ""Da-td, \nsâ-X- sa-Ãmw.'' \o hm¡v D¨-¯n-em-¡pIbm ChnsS {it²-ba- m-b asäm¶v IqSn-bp-
Ãm¯ aX-¯n-em-Wv bYmÀY- kXy-an-cn- sW-¦n XoÀ¨-bmbpw Ah³ (AÃmlp) ­v. X§-fpsS Ckvem-tÇ-j-W-a-dnªv
¡p-¶Xv F¦n \nsâ A`n-{]m-b....'' cl-ky-am-bXpw, AXy´w \nKq-V-am-b sImÃp¶ ]I-tbmsS Ae-dn-sb-¯nb,
]dªpXocpw aps¼ Da-d-t±-ls¯ Xpw Adnbpw (F¶v \o a\Ê-n-em-¡pI).- B{I-an¨ ktlmZ-csâ ap¶n "R§Ä
apkven-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p' F¶p hnfn¨p ]d-
ChnsS {it²-ba- m-b asäm¶v IqSn-bp-­v. X§-fpsS Ckvemam bm³ ss[cyw Im«nb ^mXzn-ab - psS BZ
tÇ-jW- a- d- nªv sImÃp¶ ]I-tbmsS Ae-dn-sb-¯nb, B{I Ài [oc-X. B al-Xn-bn-eq-sS-bmWv t]m
an¨ ktlmZ-csâ ap¶n "R§Ä apkven-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p' ¡n-cn-bmb DaÀ Ckvem-ansâ t]mcm-fn-
bmbn amdn-b-Xv. BZÀi-¯n-ep-d¨p \nÂ
F¶p hnfn¨p ]d-bm³ ss[cyw Im«nb ^mXzn-ab- psS BZÀi ¡m\pw BÀP-h-t¯msS AXp {]Jym-
[oc-X. B al-Xn-bn-eq-sS-bmWv t]m¡n-cn-bmb DaÀ Ckveman ]n-¡m\pw sImXn-¡p¶ GsXmcp hn-izm
sâ t]mcm-fn-bmbn amdn-b-Xv. kn\n¡pw ^mXzn-a-bn amXr-I-bp-­v,
Xoˬ.
C_v\p kpss_À(t) hni-Zo-I-cn-
ASn¨p Ign-ªp. ktlm-Zcn ^mXzna X AÃmlpþ Ah-\-ÃmsX Hcp ssZh-hp-an- ¡p¶ asämcp kw`hw ImWp-I. {]hm-
Sp-¡m-\m-ª-t¸mÄ AhÀ¡pw In«n A Ã. AhsâXmIp-¶p. Gähpw DÂIr-jvS- N-I\pw hnizm-kn-\n-Ifpw a¡ Pbn-¨-S-
Sn. Ah-cpsS apJw apdnªv cà-sam-gp- amb \ma-§Ä. aqkm-bpsS hÀ¯-am\w ¡n. cà-c-lnX hnP-b-am-bn-cp¶p AXv.
In. \n\¡v h¶p- I n- « ntbm? AXm- b Xv dkq-ensâ i{Xp-Xb - n-Ãm¯ s]cp-am-ähpw
""Da-td, kXyw \nsâ aX-¯n-e-Ã. X At±lw Hcp Xo I­ kµÀ`w. At¸m kvt\l-a-kr-W-amb hm¡p-Ifpw I­v
§Ä "ilm-Z¯v' D¨-cn¨pIgn-ªp. tI Ä Xsâ IpSpw-_-t¯mSv At±lw ]d F{Xtbm apivcn-¡p-IÄ A¶v Ckvem-an-
t«m-fq, "AivlZp A³ emC-eml CÃ- ªp: \n§Ä \n¡q; Rm³ Hcp Xo te¡v h¶p. Iq«-¯n A_q-Pl - ven sâ
Ãmlp h AivlZp A¶ apl-½Z- ³ dkq- I­n-cn-¡p-¶p. Rm³ AXn \n¶v aI³ CIvcn-a-bpsS `mcy D½p lIo apw
epÃ'. \n\¡v tXm¶p-¶-sXms¡ sN I¯n-s¨-Sp-¯p-sIm­v \n§-fpsS ASp D­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]t£, BZn-ap-XÂ t¡
bvtX-¡v' þ ^mXzna [oc-am-bn-¯s¶ ]d- ¯v ht¶-¡mw. AsÃ-¦n XobpsS A {]hm-N-I-t\mSv bp²w sNbvXn-cp¶
ªp. Sp¯v hà hgn-Im-«n-sbbpw Rm³ It­- CIvcna h[-`-b-¯m a¡-bn \n¶pw
Hfn-t¨m-Sn.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 20
\_n(e)sb kao-]n¨v D½p lIow sS a\-Ê-n IS-en-s\-¡mÄ iàn-bn hn BËmZ Xpµn-e-\m-bn.
(t) ]dªp: ""Fsâ `À¯mhv CIvcn-a, XncbSn-¡p-Ib - m-bn-cp-¶p. At±lw ]dªp: ""alp-½-Zv-, ChÄ
Xm¦-ft- ±-ls¯ h[n-¡p-sa¶ `b-¯m C¯- c - s am- c h- Ø - b n- e mWv D½p ]d-bp-¶p. Xm¦-sf-\n¡v A`bw \ÂIn-
ba- \ n- t e¡v Hfn- t ¨m- S n- b n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. lIow-- At±-l-¯n-\-Sp-s¯-¯p-¶-Xv. {] bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶v. icn-bmtWm?''
At§¡v At±-lt- ¯mSv Aev]w Zbhp hm-N-I³ CIvcn-a¡v am¸p \ÂIn-bXpw ""XoÀ¨-bm-bpw, \o kpc-£n-X-\m-Wv-''
ImWn-¨p-IqsS?'' A`bw hmKvZm\w sNbvX-Xp-sams¡ þ\_n(e) {]Xn-h-Nn-¨p.
""XoÀ¨-bmbpw. CIvcn-a¡v Rm\-`bw `À¯m-hns\ AhÀ Adn-bn-¨p. At±-l- ""GsXmcp Imcy-¯n-te-¡mWv Xm¦-
sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p¶p F¶v At±-ls¯ t¯bpw Iq«n a¡-bn-te¡v Xncn-¨p. sfs¶ £Wn-¡p-¶Xv?'
Adn-bn-¡p-I'' þ \_n(e) ]d-ªp. hgn¡psh¨v CIvcna `mcysb {]m]n-
AhÀ `À¯m-hn-s\-t¯Sn \S-¶p. ¡m³ {ian-¨p-sh-¦nepw AhÀ Hgnªp ""em Ceml CÃ-Ãmlv F¶ kXy
Xnlmax IS¯o-c¯p sh¨v At±-l- amdn: ""CIvcn-am, \osbmcp apivcn-¡m-Wv. hN-\-¯n\v km£yw hln-¡m³, \a
kvIcmw IrXy-a-mbn \nÀh-ln-¡m³, k
CtX kabw AhnsS asämcp kw`hw \S-¶n-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Im¯p \ÂIm³....''þ Xncp-ta-\n(e) C
kvem-anI KpW-§-tfm-tcm¶pw CIvcna
a¡-bn \nt¶m-Sn-t¸mb CIvcna ba-\n-te¡v I¸Â Ib-dn. hni-Zo-I-cn¨p \ÂIn.
bm{X¡p ap¼v I¸n-¯m³ hnfn¨p ]dªp: " bm{X-¡m-tc, ""AÃmlp kXyw, Xm¦Ä £Wn-¡p-
bm{X XpS-§p-I-bm-Wv. "em Ceml CÃ-Ãmlv' F¶p ]dªv ¶Xv kXy-¯n-te-¡m-Wv. Gähpw kpµ-
c-amb BZÀi-¯n-te¡v. Cusbm-cp-ZÀi-
AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv Bß-m-À-Y-ambn {]mÀY-n-t¨m-fq.'' \-¯n-te¡v \o R§sf £Wn¡pw
ap¼pw Xs¶ R§Ä¡n-Sb - nse Gähpw
s¯-b-hÀ I­p-ap-«n. Rms\mcp apkven-apw.'' \Ã kXy-k-Ô\pw ]pWy-hm-f-\p-am-bn-
CtX kabw AhnsS asämcp kw` At±lw ]dªp: ""\ns¶ {]m]n-¡m cp¶p Xm¦Ä. Rm\nXm {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶p,
hw \S-¶n-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. a¡-bn \n ³ XSkw \n ¡p¶ Cu Imcyw hÃm- AÃmlp AÃmsX Bcm-[y-\n-Ã. apl-
t¶m-Sn-t¸mb CIvcna ba-\n-te¡v I¸Â ¯Xp Xs¶.'' ½Zv AÃm-lp-hnsâ ZqX-\m-Ip-¶-\p.''
Ib-dn. bm{X¡p ap¼v I¸n-¯m³ hnfn CIvcn-a-bpsS Xncn¨phchv hlvbn- CIvcna ilm-Z-¯p-IÄ sNmÃn apkven-
¨p ]dªp: ""bm{X-¡m-tc, bm{X XpS- eqsS Adnª {]hm-N-I³ kzlm-_n-I- am-bn.
§p-I-bm-Wv. "em Ceml CÃ-Ãmlv' F tf-mSv ]p©ncnXqIn-s¡m­v ]dªp: GtXm Hcp cmPy¯v sN¶v XoÀ¯pw
¶p ]dªv AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv Bßm-À- ""A_q-Pl - vensâ ]p{X³ CIvcna Ct¸m- Im^n-dmbn acn-¡p-am-bn-cp¶ kz´w
Y-ambn {]mÀY-n-t¨m-fq.'' gn-hnsSsb¯pw, Hcp ap-lm-Pn-dmbn. apkv `À¯m-hn-s\, hniz-kn-¡p¶ BZÀi-¯n-
CXv CIvcn-a-bn AÛp-X-ap-­m¡n. en-ambn. \n§-sf-t±-l-¯nsâ ]nXm-hn te¡v þCkvem-an-te¡vþ ssI]n-Sn¨v sIm
Cusbmscm-ä-¡m-c-W-¯m-emWv Xm³ s\ Bt£-]n-¡-cp-Xv. acn-¨-hsc No¯- ­p-h¶ [Àa-t_m[-apÅ kXy-hn-izm-kn-
a¡ hnSp-¶Xp Xs¶. Cu ka-b¯v "A ]-d-ªm AXv Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-sc- \n. D¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-apÅ `à. kvt\l-
Ãmlp AÃmsX Bcm-[y-\nÃ' F¶ÀYw- bmWv thZ-\n-¸n-¡p-I.'' hXnbm-b- `mcy. D½plI-ow, \n§-fnÂ
-hcp¶ "em Ceml CÃ-Ãmlv' F¶v A§s\ CIvcna {]hm-NI k¶n-[n- AÃm-lp-hnsâ ImcpWyw kZm hÀjn-
sNmÃm-sa-¦n ]ns¶ F\n-s¡-´n\v bn-se-¯n. At±-l¯ - nsâ `mcybpw IqsS- ¡p-am-dm-I-s«.- A-h-cn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- C-Iv-cn-a-
a¡-bn \n¶v Hfn-t¨m-SWw? CIvcn-a-bp bp-­v. Xncp-ta-\n(e) CIvcn-a-bpsS hc- kz-ÀK- ]- m-Xb
- n-em-bX
- v.-

""AÃmlphn\v ]pdsa \n§Ä Bscsbm


s¡ hnfn¨v {]mÀYn¨v sIm­n-cn¡p¶pthm
AhÀ bmsXm¶pw krjvSn¡p¶nÃ. Ahcm
Is« krjvSn¡s¸Sp¶hcpamWv. AhÀ
({]mÀYn¡s¸Sp¶hÀ) acn¨hcmWv. Poh\p
h-cn-kw-Jy- ÅhcÃ. GXv kab¯mWv AhÀ DbnÀ
s¯gpt¶Â]n¡s¸SpI F¶v AhÀ Adn
H-cp- hÀ-jw- þ 120 cq-]- bp¶panÃ. \n§fpsS ssZhw GIssZha
B-dv- am-kw- þ 60 cq-]- s{X. F¶m ]ctemI¯n hnizkn¡m
H-ä- {]-Xn- þ 10 cq-]- ¯hcmIs«, AhcpsS lrZb§Ä \ntj[
kz`-mhapÅhbs{X. AhÀ Al¦mcnIfp
amIp¶p.
P.B. No. 1981, Vyttila, Kochi- 682 019, Tel: 0484- 2301275 þhn-ip-²- JpÀ-B³- 16:-20þ22.-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 21
{kjvSm-hnsâ ktµi¯n-sâ-
A-P-¿-X-
i-_oÀ- A-en-

`uXnIPohnX Nn´-IÄ
aX-\n-cm-Ic- Ww kzmX-{´y-{]-Jym-]\- ¯
- nsâ H¶mw L«-
ambn sXän-²c- n-¨hcmWv bqtdm-¸nse bpàn-hm-Zn-IÄ.- aXw
FÃm `uXn-I-ZÀi-\§fpsSbpw {]Xy-b-im- ASn-a¯- hpw aqVhn-izm-k§ - fpw Nqj-Whpw hfÀ ¯n-s¡m-
­p-hc- p¶ Hcp {]t{X-IX - cw hkvX- p-hm-sW¶ \ne-bn-emWv
]mÝmXy aX-\n-tj-[n-IÄ apt¶m«v \o§n-b-Xv. a\p-jy³
kv{X-§-fp-sSbpw ]cn[n Pohn-X-am-Wv.

AYhm a\p-jysâ hfsc lrkzhpw


Ahsâ BhnÀ`m-h-¯nepw \ne-\nÂ]-nepw {]hÀ¯-\-§-
]cn-an-Xhpw Btdm Gtgm ]Xn-äm-­p- fnepw GsX-¦nepw a\p-jym-XoX iàn-I-fp-ambn IS-s¸-«n-
cn-¡p-¶nà F¶ \ntj-[m-ßI ZÀi-\-¯nsâ klm-b-
t¯mSv IqSn B[p-\n-IP- o-hn-X¯- n\v ]pXnb \nÀh-N\ - §
- Ä
IÄ¡p-Ån HSp-§p-¶-Xp-amb

Pohn-X-s¯bmWv `uXnI {]Xy-b


Bcm-bp-hm³ kzX{´ Nn´-IÀ \S-¯nb {ia-§f- mWv ]e-
-im-kv{X-§Ä tI{µ-_n-µp-¡-fmbn Xcw {]Xybimkv{X§fpsS BhnÀ`m-h¯ - n-\n-Sb
- m-¡n-bX
- v.
Pohn-X-¯nsâ kÀh-X-{´-kz-X-{´-amb hn\n-tbm-Khpw B-
k-àn-I-fp-sSbpw A`n-em-j-§fpsSbpw \nb-{´-W-c-ln-X-
sXc-sª-Sp-¯X
- v.

amb ]qÀ¯o-I-c-W-hpw k-Zm-Nm-c-¯n \n¶pw AIew


]men¨p-sIm­pÅ Pohn-X-io-e-§-fp-amWv a\p-jy-sâ
bYmÀY- kzmX-{´ys¯ AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ LS-§Ä
F¶v- aX-\n-cm-I-cW {]Xy-im-kv{X-§Ä ]Tn-¸n-¨p. B-[p-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 22
\n-IP- o-hn-X¯ - nsâ tcmKm-Xpc Bk-àn- ´n-Ie- £ - yhpw \ntj-[n-¡s- ¸-«X - m-sW¶v
IÄ¡v ASn-a-s¸« ]mÝm-Xy³ a\-Êp- Nne `uXn-I-hm-Xn-I-sf-¦nepw hfsc
Ifn Cu PohnXZÀi\w hfsc thK- sshIn-bmWv a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xv. ]Sn-
¯n thtcm«w t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ªmdnsâ a\p-jym-h-Ø-Isf kq£va-
Ccp-]Xmw \qäm-­nsâ t\«-§f- n KWy- amb A]-{K-Y-\-¯n\v hnt[-b-am-¡p¶
amb ] ¦pw hn\n- t bm- K n- ¡ - s ¸- « Xv H«-\-h[n ]T-\-§fpw shfn-s¸-Sp-¯-ep-
taÂ]dª Pohn-X-ZÀi-\s¯ \ymbo- Ifpw shfn-¨¯v h¶n-«p-­v. {][m-\-
I-cn-¡m-\m-Wv. ambpw aX-\n-cm-IW - h
- pw aqey-\n-cm-khpw
FÃm `uXn- I - Z Ài- \ §fpsSbpw Aan-X-amb `uXn-Im-k-ànI fpw aen-\-
{]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-§f- p-sSbpw ]cn[n Pohn- am-¡p¶ Pohn-X¯ - nsâ A]-IS- I - c- a- mb
X-am-Wv. AYhm a\p-jysâ hfsc lr ]cn-Wmaw C¯cw At\z-j-W-§-fnÂ
kzhpw ]cn-an-Xhpw Btdm Gtgm ]Xn- hnj-bo-`hn-¨Xv ImWmw. hÀ¯-am-\-Im-
ssZ-h-¯n \n¶pÅ ktµ-i- äm-­p-IÄ¡p-Ån HSp-§p-¶-Xp-amb e¯v a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯ ¡pdn¨v \S-
Pohn-X-s¯bmWv `uXnI {]Xy-b-im- ¡p¶ Kuc-h-ta-dnb NÀ¨-I-fn \n¶v
hm- l - I À a\- j yÀ¡v \ÂIn-
kv{X-§Ä tI{µ-_n-µp-¡f- mbn sXc-sª- `uXn-Ii - m-kv{X-§fpw Ah-bpsS Pohn-X-
bh F¶ Ah-Im-i-hmZw D¶-
Sp-¯X - v. Pohn-X¯ - nsâ BhnÀ`m-h¯ - n\v ]- ² - X n- I fpw Xnc- k v I - c n- ¡ - s ¸- S m³
ap¼v a\p-jys\ _m[n-¡p¶ a\p-jym- ImcWw Ah-bpsS ZuXy-\nÀh-l-W-
§Ä hgn-sX-än-t¸m-bXpw At¼ ]cm-Pb-
bn-¨p-sIm­pw, a\p-jyÀ ssZ
X-o-X-amb Hcmi-bhpw Hcp Imcy hpw
h-¯n-¦-te-¡v kzb-samcp
CÃm-Xn-cp-¶-Xp-t]mse Pohn-X-¯n-\-¸p- s¸- « - X p- a m- W v . `uXn- I - Z Ài- \ - § fpw
At\z-jW amÀK-w Bcm-ª- dhpw a\p- j ys\ _m[n- ¡ p¶ bm Ahsb B{i-bn¨v hfÀ¶p-h¶ aqey-
sXm¶pw tijn-¡p-¶nsö Nn´-bn \n-cm-Ic- W ]²-Xn-Ifpw _men-i§ - f- mb
Xnsâ `mK-ambn e`n-¨h F¶v
ASn-¯d- b - n-«p-sIm­v `uXn-I {- ]-Xy-bi - m- a\p-jy-Nn-Ó-§-fpsS DÂ]-¶-§-fmbn
Ah-Im-is
- ¸«pw cwK¯v h¶ kv{X-§Ä Ah-bpsS hàm-¡sf ap Ah-KW - n-¡s- ¸-Sp-¶Xv- AXpsIm ­m-W.v
c­p-Xcw aX-§f
- p-­v. ssZh- t¶m«v \bn¨p h¶p. aXw AXnsâ aqey- aX-§f- psS ZuXy-§Ä
-
§-sfbpw Bi-b§ - s- fbpw {][m-\a- m bpw Pohn-Xs¯ Hcp e£yhpw amÀK-hpw
sa¶ Bibs¯ amän-sh¨p-
_Ôn-¸n¨v \nÀ¯p-¶ (sF-ln-I- Po-hn- Ahbv-¡-\p-kr-Xamb {]Xym-iIfpw
sIm­v a\p-jy-\nse Zpcq-lX
- - X-¯n\v ap¼v/tijw- F¶o) c­v Ah- \ÂIn apt¶m«v \bn¨p-sIm-­mWv {]m
Ø-Isf ]msS \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS No\ Imew sXm«v aX-§Ä a\p-jy-Po-hn-
IÄ¡vta Znhy - X z- ¯ nsâ
ssIh-cp¶ [mÀjvT-y-amWv `uXn-I-ZÀi- Xs¯ kzm[o-\n¨v sIm­n-cp-¶Xv. ssZ-
IhNw k¦Â]n-¡p-Ibpw A \-§-fpsS Bi-b-§sf \nb-{´n-¨p- h-¯n \n¶pÅ ktµ-i-hm-l-IÀ a\-
¯-cs
- amcp k¦Â]s¯ DZm-
sIm­ncn-¡p-¶-Xv. a\p-jysâ BhnÀ jyÀ¡v \ÂIn-bh F¶ Ah-Im-ih - mZw
`mhw \nb-X-amb Hcp e£y-t¯m-sS-b- D¶-bn-¨p-sIm­pw, a\p-jyÀ ssZ h-¯n-
¯-ambn hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p-Ibpw
söpw, Po-hnXw AXnsâ ]c-am-h[n ¦-te-¡v kzb-samcp At\z-jW amÀK-w
sNbvXv cwK¯v h¶ Nne aX- hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ XS-Ê-am-hp¶ G Bcm-ªX - nsâ `mK-ambn e`n-¨ h F¶v
sXmcp aqeyhpw Xnc-kvI-cn-¡-s¸tS­ Ah-Im-i-s¸«pw cwK¯v h¶ c­p-Xcw
§-fp-­v.
Xm-sW¶pw `uXnI ZÀi-\-§Ä \nÀtZ- aX-§-fp-­v. ssZh-sa¶ Bi bs¯
in-¨p. Bk-àn-I-fpsS hn\n-abw,- Xr-jv amän-sh¨p- sIm­v a\p-jy-\nse Zpcq-l-
W-If- psS ]qcWw, tZtl-ÑI - f- psS hnt[- X-IÄ¡vta Znhy-Xz-¯nsâ IhNw
b¯w F¶n-h-sbm-s¡-bmWv Pohn-X- k¦Â]n- ¡ p- I bpw A¯- c - s amcp
¯nsâ A´Ê¯sb \nÀW-bn-¡p-¶- k¦Â]s¯ DZm-¯-ambn hn\n-tbm-Kn-
sX¶ hmZ-K-Xn-I-fpsS ASn-Øm-\-¯n ¡p-Ibpw sNbvXv cwK¯v h¶ Nne aX-
emWv `uXn-IZ- Ài-\w [mÀan-IX - sb i{Xp- §-fp-­v. C§s\ aX-§Ä ]e kz`m-h-
]-£¯v \nÀ¯n-b-Xv. §-fp-Åh- b- m-Wv. F¶m Ch-bn-seÃmw
`uXn-I-{]-Xy-b-im-kv{X-§Ä Pohn-X s]mXp-hmbn Nne LS-§f- p-ÅX - mbn Im
s¯ ]cn-an-X-amb Hcp hr¯-¯n-\-I¯v Wmw. a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯ Akm-[m-c-W-
{]Xn-jTv n- ¨p-sIm­v Bi-bh- n-\ymkw \S- amb Hc-\p-`-h-ambn ImWp-I, bm{´-n-I-
¯n-b-t¸mÄ Pohn-X-¯n\v AXnsâ amb Pohn-X hn\n-tbmK-¯n-\-¸p-d¯v
e£yhpw BXy-´n-I-amb AÀY-hpw Nne km[y-X-IÄ At\z-jn-¡p-I, a\p-
\jvS-s¸-«p. Pohn-X-¯n \n¶v aqey-§ jy-\nse khn-ti-j-X-Isf Akz-`m-hn-
fpw [mÀan-I-Xbpw im´nbpw kam-[m-\- I-amb Nne Bi-b-§-fpsS klm-b-
hp-saÃmw \jvS¸- «- pt]mIp-hm³ Imc Ww t¯msS \nÀh-Nn-¡p-hm³ {ian-¡pI
Pohn-X-¯n\v AXnsâ AÀY-hpw BXy- F¶n-h-sbms¡ taÂ]-dª `n¶ kz
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 23
ssZh-¯nsâ krjvSn-bmWv a\p-jy-s\¶ Xncn-¨-dnhv tIhew sshb-àn-I-

amb [mc-WbpsS aÞ-e-¯n am{Xw HXp-§p-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xsâ Pohn-

X-¯nsâ Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw a\p-jym-Xo-Xa


- mb GtXm ]cn-IÂ]-\I
- -

fp-ambn At`-Zyamw hn[-¯n _Ô-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p-sh¶p Nn´n-¡m-\pÅ ASn-

Øm-\- t{]cW CXp-hgn e`n-¡p-I-bp-­m-bn.

`m-§t- fmSv IqSnb FÃm aX-§f- nepw s]m ZÀi-\§ - f- p-ambn hntbm-Pn-¡p-¶Xv. bn. a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯ Hcp tI{µ Bi-
Xp-hmbn D­m-bn-cp¶ LS-§f- m-Wv. aX-§Ä a\p-jy-\nse k-hn-ti-j-X- b-hp-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡m³ hnizm-k¯- n\v
a\p-jy-Po-hn-X¯ - nsâ sb- Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv C\n ]d-bp¶ Nne km[n-¨p.
Akm-[mcWX LS-§f- psS klm-bt- ¯m-sS-bm-Wv. a\pjys\¶ krjvSn
a\p-jy-Po-hnXw kmam-\ymÀY-¯n (1).- a\p-jy³ ssZh-¯nsâ krjvSn- ssZh-¯nsâ krjvSn-bmWv a\p-jy-
Hcp P´p PohnXw am{X-a-Ã F¶ ASn- bm-sW¶v BkvXn-I- a-X§ - Ä hniz-kn¨p. s\¶ Xncn-¨-dnhv tIhew sshb-àn-I-
Øm\]c-amb kXy-¯n Du¶n-bmWv (2).- P´p-þP- ohntemI-¯n asäm-¶n- amb [mc-WbpsS aÞ-e-¯n am{Xw
aX-§Ä Ah-bpsS Bi-b-§Ä hn\y- \p-an-Ãm¯ Nne khn-tij tijn-IÄ HXp-§p-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xsâ Pohn-X-
kn-¨n«pÅ-Xv. P´p-¡Ä {]tXy-I-amb a\p-jy-cn-emWv F¶v- FÃm aX-§fpw ¯nsâ Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw a\p-
Hcp Pohn-X-ZÀi-\-an-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw Is­-¯n. jym-Xo-X-amb GtXm ]cn-IÂ]-\-I-fp-
Ah Ah-bpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb tNmZ-\- (3).- _p²n-]c- hpw CÑm-]c- h - p-amb sX ambn At`-Zyamw hn[-¯n _Ô-s¸-«n-
Isf ]qcWw sNbvXv \ne-\n¡p-I c-sª- Sp-¸ n\v km[n¡p¶ GI- Pohn a cn-¡p-¶p-sh¶p Nn´n-¡m-\pÅ ASn-
bpw sN¿p-¶-Xn-\-¸p-d¯v P´p-¡Ä¡v \pjy\m-sW¶v- aXZÀi\-§Ä ]Tn¸n¨p. Øm-\- t{]cW CXp-hgn e`n-¡p-I-bp-
khn-ti-j-amb Hcm-ZÀi-a-Þ-e-¯nsâ ­m-bn. a\pjys\ kw_-Ôn¨v Cu t{]
D]-tbm-Kt- a-bn-Ã. Cu Hcp Xe-¯n-te¡v (4).- P´p-kl - P- a- mb Ah-t_m-[c- m-ln- cW arKo-b-amb Pohn-X-¯n \n¶pÅ
a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯ k¦Â]n-¡p-¶X - n-s\- Xy-
t ¯mfw A[x- ]Xn-¡p-hm\pw AX-sÃ- AI¨-bpsS ASn-Øm-\X - e- a- mbn Xocp-
Xn-cmb ap¶-dn-bn-¸p-IÄ ]e coXn-bn  ¦n DZm- ¯ hpw A\nÀh- N-\o-b-hp amb Ibpw sNbvXp. Pohn-X¯ - nsâ AÀ Yhpw
\ÂIp-Ib - mWv aX-§Ä sN-bX v- n-cn-¡p-¶- Hu¶Xy- t ¯mfw hnI- k n-
¡ p-hm\pw a\p- \nÀh- N - \ hpw Is­¯p- ¶ - X nepw
Xv. a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs- ¯ P´p-kl - P- a- mb jy- \ n- e pÅ Nne {]tXy- I-L-S-§Ä _Ôhpw {]hÀ¯-\hpw t{iWo-Ic- n-¡p-
AÀY-¯n lrkz-hÂI-cn-¡p-Ibpw P·\m eo\- am-
b n-
c n-
¡ p-
¶ psh¶v aX-§Ä ¶-Xnepw Xs¶-t¸m-epÅ CXca-\p-jy-
PohnXw tNmZ-\-I-fpsSbpw Xrjv W-I- ]Tn- ¸ n- ¨ p. cp-ambn kl-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xn Bh-iy-
fp-sSbpw ]qc-W-ambn am{Xw \nÀh-Nn-¡- (5).- {]]-©hpw {]Ir-Xnbpw Pohn-X amb {Iao-I-cWw hcp-¯p-hm\pw Cu
s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-Xn-s\-Xn-cn \n¶v hpw \ne-\n¡p-¶Xv a\p-jy-tI-{µnX- Xncn¨dnhv a\p-jys\ klm-bn-¡pI
aX-§Ä ap¶-dn-bn¸v \ÂIp¶p. FÃm amb Hcp hyh-Øsb ASn-Øm-\-am-¡n- Xs¶ sNbvXn-«p-­v.
aX-§fpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X¯ - n\v AXn-sâ- bmWv F¶v FÃm aX-§fpw hni-Zo-I-cn- a\p-jys\ `uXnI {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-
Xmb Nne khn-ti-j-X-IÄ IÂ]n-¡p- ¡p-¶p-­v. §Ä \nÀh-Nn-¡p-¶Xv hnti-j_ - p-²n-bp
¶p-­.v - A¯cw khn-ti-jX - I
- f- psS am\- taÂ]-dª LS-§-fpsS hni-Zo-I-c- Å Pohn-sb-¶m-Wv. F¶m a\p-jy-\n-
ZÞ§-fn-epÅ `n¶-X-I-fmWv aX- W-§sf B{i-bn-¨mWv aX-§Ä Ah- se hnti-j_ - p²n Ahsâ Bhm-kk - m-
§Ä¡v thdn« kzXzhpw kz`m-hhpw bpsS [Àaimkv{Xhpw aqey§fpw t{i l-N-cy-§sf amäp-¶Xn\v am{X-apÅ Hcp
\ÂIp-¶-Xv. a\pjy khn-ti-j-Xsb Wo-Ic- n-¨X - v. BkvXn-Ia- X - § - Ä Ah-Xc- n- XmÂIm-enI D]m-[n-bs- öpw AXn-\¸- p-
\nÀW-bn-¡p-Ibpw \nÀ-h-Nn-¡p-I-bpw- ¸n¨ Gähpw iàamb Bibw ssZh- d-¯p-ÅXmWv AsX¶pw aX-§Ä hni-
sN¿p-¶X - n-epÅ `n¶-XI
- Ä aX-§f- psS ¯nsâ krjvSn-bm-Wv a\p-jy³ F¶-Xm- Zo-I-cn-¨p. ""-a-\p-jy-\m-bn-cn-¡m-\pÅ a\p-
a\pjyho£W§-fmbn kam-lc- n-¡s- ¸- Wv. Cu Bi-b-¯n\v a\p-jysâ B jysâ tijn-I-fmWv Ahs\ arK
Sp-¶p. BkvXn-I-a-X-§-fpw \mkvXn-I-a- kvXn-Xz-t_m[w, {]-]-©-t_m[w, Pohn- aÃmXm-¡p-¶-Xv''- XpS-§nb ]mÝmXy
X-§fpw skan-änIv aX-§fpw {]mIr-X- X-ZÀi\w, ]m-cn-Øn-XnI t_m[w, kmaq X¯-zN - n-´I - c- psS A`n-{]m-b§ - Ä hfsc
a-\p-jy-\nÀa-nX aX-§ fpw a\p-jy\v ly_Ôw F¶n-h-sbms¡ Bg-¯n _men-ihpw \ncÀYI-§-fp-am-Wv. Imc
khntijX-Ifp­v F¶ \nco-£-W- kzm[o-\n-¡p-hm-\pÅ iàn-bp­v F¶v Ww arK-aÃ- m-Xm-Ip-¶X - neqsS am{Xw Hcp
¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-emWv `uXn-I- hnizm-kn-ka- ql§Ä sXfn-bn-¡p-Ib - p-­m- P´p-hn\v F¯n-t¨-cm-hp¶ ]cn-Wma- Zq
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 24
c-aà a\p-jy\nte-¡p-Å-Xv. At\Iw Xn-]m-Zn--¡-s¸-«n-«pÅ a\p-jy-a-l-¯-z-
B´-cL - S- §
- f- psS ssPhn-Ia- mb ka\z- ¯nsâ Bi-b-§-f-{Xbpw a\pjy tI
b-amWv a\p-jy-Xsb Øm]n-¡p-¶-Xv. {µn-Xa- mb {]]-©s¯ ]cn-Nb - s- ¸-Sp-¯p-
aX-§Ä a\p-jy\v IÂ]n-¡p¶ aq ¶-h-bm-Wv. Poh-tem-I-¯nsâ A]m-c-X
¶m-a-s¯ khn-ti-jX CÑm-]-c-hp-amb bpw {]]-©-¯nsâ A\nÀWn-Xm-h-Ø
sXc-sª-Sp-¸n-eqsS kz-Po-hnX ZÀi\w bpw {]]-©s¯¡p-dn-¨pÅ a\p-jysâ
Is­-¯p-hm³ Ah\v km[n-¡p-¶p-sh- Adn-hnsâ ]cn-an-Xn-Ifpw Nq­n-¡m-«n-bm
¶-XmWv. `uXnI {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-§fpw Wv `uXnI {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-§Ä a\p-jy-
Cu khn-ti-jX AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶p-­v. tI-{µn-Xa- mb {]]©w F¶ Bib s¯
F¶m a\p-jy-\nse Cu khn-ti-jX \ncm-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. atä-sX-¦nepw a\pjy-
kl-P-sa¶pw {]Ir-Xn-]-c-sa¶pw `uXn- sc-¡mÄ hnI-kn-Xtam, `qan-sb-¡mÄ
I-{]-Xy-b-im-kv{X-§Ä hyh-l-cn-¡p- tbmKytam B-b- P-\X - I
- f- pw- C-S§ - f- pw- D-
t¼mÄ Dt±-i-]-c-sa¶pw ssZh-Z-¯-sa ­-m-bn-cn-¡m-\n-S-bn-tÃ- F¶ A hy-à-
¶pw aX-§Ä hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. X\n¡v amb Hcp ktµiw bYmÀY-¯n hnizm-
km-[n-jTv n-X- a-X§
- Ä DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p¶
a\p-jy-cmin C¶p-hsc t\
ap¼nse Pohn-X-¯n \n¶pw ]Ým-¯-
Sn- s b- S p- ¯ n- « pÅ Adn- h n- s \
e-§-fn \n¶pw Bh-iy-am-bXv sXc- a\pjy tI{µn-Xa- mb {]]-©s- a¶ Bi-
bpw Ah-t_m-[-§-sfbpw
sª-Sp-¡p-hm³ a\p-jy-\n-epÅ khn b-¯n\v t\À¡pÅ tNmZy-Nn-Óta BIp-
Xncn-¨-dn-hp-I-sfbpw {]]-©- tij Ign-hn\v ]n¶n \nb-Xamb Hcp ¶n-Ã.
e£y-am-Wv F¶v aX-§Ä ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p- a\p-jy-cmin C¶v hsc t\Sn-sb-Sp-
t_m-[-§-sfbpw AXn-hÀ¯n-
­v. aqey-§f- p-sSbpw Bi-b§ - f- p-sSbpw ¯n-«pÅ Adn-hn-s\bpw Ah-t_m-[-§-
¡p¶ ]pXnb Is­- ¯ - e p-
sXsc-sª-Sp-¸n a\p-jy³ ]peÀ¯p sfbpw Xncn-¨d- n-hp-Is- fbpw {]]-©t- _m-
IÄ kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw {]]-©- ¶ khn-ti-j-amb {i²-bpw Pm{K-Xbpw [-§-sfbpw AXn-hÀ¯n-¡p¶ ]pXnb
[nj-Wm-]-c-amb Du¶epw Ah-s\bpw Is­-¯-ep-IÄ kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw {]]-
s¯- ¡ p- d n- ¨ pÅ a\p- j ysâ
Ahsâ k¯-sbbpw arKo-b-amb Xe- ©-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ a\p-jysâ k¦-ev]-
k¦-ev]§
- Ä amdn-ad
- n-bp-Ib
- pw
¯n \n¶v Gsd DbÀ¯p-¶-Xm-Wv. §Ä amdn-a-dn-bp-I-bpw asämcp tKmf-¯n
asämcp tKmf-¯n a\p-jy-sc- a\p-jy³ P´p-k-l-amb Xzc-bn-te  a\p-jy-sc-¡mÄ hnI-kn¨ Hcp Pohn
¡v hoWp-t]m-hp-Ibpw Ahsâ CÑ-I- hÀK-w \ne-\n¡p-¶p-s­¶p sXfn-bn-
¡mÄ hnI-kn¨ Hcp Pohnh
sfbpw hmk-\-I-sfbpw ]qÀ¯o-I-cn-¡p- ¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm t]mepw aX-
ÀK-w \ne-\n¡p-¶p-s­¶p
¶-Xn kaql-¯nsâ [mÀan-I]- c- n-Nn-´- ZÀi-\¯ - n\v AsXmcp `oj-Wn-bm-Ip-¶n-
sXfn-bn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbv I-fp-sSbpw hne-¡p-IÄ hnK-Wn-¡p-Ibpw Ã. thZm-[n-jvTn-X-amb Ah-t_m-[-§fp
kz´w XmÂ]-cy-§fpw A`n-em-j-§-fp- sS ]n´pWtbmsS aX-ZmÀi-\n-IX ap
Xm t]mepw aX-ZÀi-\¯
- n\v
amWv kz´w Pohn-X-¯nsâ BsI-¯p t¶m«v sh¡p¶ a\pjy tI{µn-X-amb
AsXmcp `oj-Wn-bm-Ip-¶n-Ã.
I F¶ coXn-bn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-Ibpw aqey-§s- f \njv{]-`a- m-¡m³ hnI-kn-¡p
sN¿p-¶n-S¯v aX-§Ä \nÀtZ-in-¡p¶ ¶ {]]©w F¶ Bi-b-¯n\v Ign-bp-
amÀK-ZÀi-\§ - Ä Xnc-kvIc- n-¡s- ¸-Sp-¶p. I-bn-Ã. a\pjy Pohn-X-¯nsâ A-I¯p
P´p-k-l-P-amb t_m[w {]mhÀ¯n-I- Xs¶bpÅ ]pXnb ]pXnb Xncn-¨-dn-hp-
amhpIbpw a\pjykl-Pa- mb Ah-t_m Isft¸mse a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯n\v ]pd-
[w {]hÀ¯-\-c-ln-X-ambn¯ocp-Ibpw ¯pÅ ]pXnb ]pXnb Xncn-¨-dn-hp-Ifpw
sN¿p¶ Ah-Øb - m-Wn-Xv. hnh-c-þ-hn-Úm\ taJ-e-bn amä-§-fp-
a\p-jy\v Npäp-apÅ {]]©w a\p- ­m-¡p-sa-¦nepw a\-jysâ Øe-þI - m-em-
jytI-{µo-Ir-X-am-sW¶ ià-amb B h-Øm-Xo-X-amb BXy-´n-I-Xsb AXv
ibw aX-§Ä \ÂIp-¶p. hfsc Bkq- _m[n-¡p-I-bnà F¶-Xm-Wn-Xn\v Im
{Xn-Xamb Hcp hn\ym-k-¯n-eq-sS-bmWv cWw. a\p-jy\v amÀK-ZÀi\w \ÂIp-
a\pjy tI{µn-X-amb {]]-©w Dcp-¯n- hm³ Hcp IrXyhpw \nb-Xhpw hyà
cnªv h¶n-«p-Å-sX¶p ]Tn-¸n-¡m\pw hpw kmÀ-h-Im-en-I-hp-amb Bi-b-a-Þ
`uXn-I-imkv{Xw ]Tn-¸n¡pw hn[-¯n ew Bh-iy-am-sW¶pw {]kvXpX aÞ-
a\p-jy\v Cu {]hn-ime {]]-©-¯n e-¯nsâ aqeyþ[mÀanI kwhn-[m-\-§
bmsXmcp khn-ti-j-X-bp-sSbpw CSw sf AXn-hÀ¯n-¡p-hm³ a\p-jysâ `u
\ÂI-s¸-«n-«n-söpw [cn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-hm- Xn-Itam sshÚm-\n-Itam Bb ]ptcm-
\p-amWv hnizm-km-[n-jvTn-X-a-X-§Ä K-Xn-¡m-hn-söpw Xncn-¨-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv
Du¶Â \ÂIp-¶X - v. thZ-{K-Ù§- f- nepw taÂ]-dª hkvXp-X-bpsS shfn-¨-¯n-
aXX-¯z-imkv{X IrXn-If- n-ep-saÃmw {] em-Wv.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 25
{kjvSm-hn-epÅ hnizmkw AXnsâ icn-bmb cq]-¯n Bbn-cp-¶n-sÃ-

¦n \njv^-amb Hcp k¦-ev]w am{X-am-bn-cn¡pw AXv. hnizm-k-¯nsâ

EPp-hmb cq]w ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Ckvemw khn-ti-j-amb ]cn-K-W\

\ÂIp-¶p. Cu A[ym-]-\-¯n Ckveman-t\mfw IrXyX asämcp aX-¯n-

\p-an-Ã F¶Xv asämcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv.-

{kjvSm-hnsâ ktµiw icn-bmb cq]-¯n Bbn-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦n \p-kr-X-amb Hcp PohnXZÀi\w PohnX-


a\p-jy\v Hcp {kjvSm-hp­v F¶ \njv^-amb Hcp k¦-ev]w am{X-am-bn-cn ¯n {]mtbm-Kn-I-am-t¡-­Xv Bh-iy-
t_m[w Pohn-Xs¯ kw_-Ôn¨v kp{]- ¡pw AXv. hnizm-k-¯nsâ EPp-hmb cq am-Wv. {kjvSm-hnsâ XmÂ]-cy-{]-Im-c-ap
[m-\-amWv. Cu t_m[-¯n Du¶p¶ ]w ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Ckvemw khn-ti- Å PohnXw \bn-¡p-Is- b-¶X - mWv hnizm-
PohnX ZÀi\w Is­-¯p-Ibpw AX-\p- j-amb ]cn-KW - \ \ÂIp-¶p. Cu A[ym- km-[n-jTv n-Xa- mb Pohn-X]- ²- X
- n-bpsS ASn-
k-cn¨v Pohn-¡p-I-bp-amWv a\p-jysâ ]-\-¯n Ckveman-t\mfw IrXyX ¯-d. a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nse A]-I-S-
BXy-´nI I-S-a.- asämcp aX-¯n-\p-an-Ã F¶Xv asämcp §fpw ZuÀ_-eyw ]nSn-Iq-Sm-\p ÅXp-amb
CXn\v BZyhpw Ah-km-\-hp-ambn hkvXp-X-bm-Wv.- hn-izmkw icn-bm-I-¯n- Ah-Ø-I-fn Bizm-k-¯n-\p-th­n
th­Xv {kjvSm-hns\ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-I-bm- S¯v IÀa-§fpw aqey-§fpw Pohn-X¯ - n hyàn-a-\-Êp-IÄ sNs¶-¯p¶ Hc-Xo-
Wv. a\p-jys\ krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw Ah\v D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ asäÃm aX-LS- I - §
- fpw X- k¦Â]ambn {kjvSm-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨pÅ
\nb-X-amb Hcp Pohn-Xw \ÂIp-Ibpw \njv^-e-am-bn-cn-¡pI kzm`m-hn-I-am-Wv. k¦Â]w hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡s- ¸-«Xv Hcp ]cn-
B Pohn-Xs¯ hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-\m-h-iy- H«-\-h-[n aX-§Ä hnizm-k-¯n Bh- [n-hsc taÂ]-dª AÀY-¯n-em-bn-cp-
amb \nÀtZ-i-X-¯-z-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p- iy- a mb IWn- i - X bpw hnip- ² nbpw ¶p. PohnXw AXnsâ Zni- b nepw
Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm­v a\p-jys\ \nb- ]peÀ¯p-¶-Xn ]pd-tIm«v \n¡p-¶- hnizmkw AXnsâ Zni-bnepw \o§p-
{´-hn-t[-b-am-¡p¶ Hcp a\p-jym-XoX Xm-Wv a\p-jy-cm-in-bn Ah-bpsS ZuXy- Ibpw Pohn- X s¯ kzm[o- \ n- ¡ p¶
tijn-sbbpw iàn-sbbpw Ipdn-¨pÅ §Ä ]cm-P-s¸-Sp-¯m-\n-S-bm-¡n-b-Xv. XpSÀN-e-\-ambn hnizmkw D]-tbm-Kn-¡-
amÀKZÀi-\]- c- a- mb \nÀtZ-i§
- fpw Bi- Ckvemw hnizm-ks¯ khn-ti-jab Hcp s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Ah-Ø-
b-§fpw am{X-amWv Ahs\ bYm-hn[n Adnhpw At\z-j-W-h-kvXp hpw A\p- bmWv {]mIr-Xa- X - §- sf arX-aX - §
- f- m-¡n-
\bn-¡p-I. temI¯v \ne-\n¡p ¶ `-hh
- p-am-¡p-¶p. kmam-\y-amb AÀY-¯n- b-Xv. \nsâ hnizmkw \ns¶ c£n-¡s«
Nne aX-§s- f-¦nepw Gdnbpw Ipd ªpw epÅ Hcp hnizm-k-coXn Ah-ew-_n¨p- F¶p ]Tn- ¸ n¨ {Ikv X paX- ¯ n\v
Hcp alm- i - à n- b n- e pÅ hnizmkw sIm­v BNm-c]- c- X - b
- n-te¡v hoWp-t]m- t]mepw hnizm-ks¯ PohnX ]²-Xn-
DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p-¶p-­v. F¶m C¯ Im-Xn-cn-¡m³ Ckvemw ap¶-dn-bn¸v bmbn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\m-bn-Ã. a\pjy
cw Hcp hnizm-ks¯ AXnsâ kwip²- \ÂIp-¶p. GI-ssZ-hm-ZÀis¯ Hcp Pohn-X-¯n AÂ`pXw {]hÀ ¯n-¡p-
X-bnepw sXfn-a-bnepw {]m]n-¡phm³ hnÚm\ imJ-bmbn Ckvemw hni-Zo-I- ¶-Xn-\pÅ Hcp £W-amWv hn izm-k-
Nne aX-§f- psS _men-ia- mb ]cn-IÂ]- cn-¡p-¶Xv AXpsIm-­m-Wv. CÂap-¯u- ¯nsâ {]tbm-KX - e- s- a¶v kn²m-´n-¨Xv
\-IÄ XS-Ê-am-Im-dp-­v. ssZh-¯n loZv AYhm GI- s sZhmZÀi hn hgn {In-kvXp-aXw hnizm-k-¯n sâ
AYhm {kjvSm-hn hniz-kn-¡p¶ Úm\w hnizm-k¯ - nsâ _men-iX - I
- fn PohnX\nÀa-m-W-]-c-amb ZuXy§sf
t{]c-Wsb `mh-\b-pa- mbpw a\p-jy-Nn-´-  \n¶pw tIh-e-X-I-fn \n¶papÅ XoÀ¯pw Ah-K-Wn-¡p-I-bmWv sNbvX-
I-fpsS DÂ]-¶-§-fmb Nne imtJm-]- kpc-£n-X¯-w e£y-am¡n hn\y-kn-¡- Xv. Ckvemw AXnsâ hnizm-k-a-Þ-e
im-J-I-fp-ambpw _Ôn-¸n¨p-sIm­v s¸-«n-«p-Å-Xm-Wv. hnip-²-JpÀ-B\pw s¯ Pohn-X-\nÀamW ZuXy-ambn At`-
hnizm-k-¯nsâ km[y-X-Isf AYhm {]hm-NI - N
- c- ybpw Cu hnÚm-\¯ - nsâ Zy-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
ZuXy§sf Nne aX-§Ä XS-Ê-s¸-Sp- kphy-à LS-I-§Ä apt¶m«v sh¡p- hyàn-bpsS Pohn-X-¯nepw kaq-l-
¯p-¶p. AXn-\m kwip-²-amb hnizm- Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. {kjvSm-hns\ ¯nepw kml-N-cy-¯nepw hn]p-e-amb
ks¯ Xncn-¨-dn-bpIbmWv {kjvSm-hn Adnªp sIm­v hniz-kn-¡pI F¶ kzm[o\w sNep-¯p-Ibpw hm¡p-I-sf
sâ ktµ-i§ - f- psS amÀK-¯n Pohn-¡p- e£y-¯n-emWv hnip-²-JpÀ-B-\nsâ bpw hnIm-c-§-sfbpw hnNm-c-§-sfbpw
hm³ Hcp a\p-jy³ BZy-ambn sNt¿- ssZh-ZÀi-]-c-amb ]cm-aÀi-§-sfm-s¡ kzm[o-\n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ Xc-¯nÂ
­n-bn-cn-¡p-¶X- v. bpw D]-tbm-Kn-¡s- ¸-tS-­X - v. Ckvemanse {]ap-J- L-S-ambn hÀ¯n-
{kjvSm-hn-epÅ hnizmkw AXnsâ {kjvSm-hn hniz-kn-¡p-t¼mÄ XZ- ¡p-¶p.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 26
Pohn-X¯
- nse Hmtcm \nan-js- ¯-bpw- kIe Zqjy-hi - §
- t- fmSpw IqSn XÅn-¡-
-\nb-{´n-¡p¶ Hcp [Àa-im-kv{X-¯nsâ f-bp-I-bmWv sN¿p-¶-Xv. hnip² -JpÀ-
ASn-Øm\ inebpw hniz-k-am-sW¶v B³ k-aÀ-¸n-¡p-¶- Po-hn-Xa- mÀ-KZ- À-i\ - w-
Ckvemw ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p. IÀa-§-fn-te-¡p a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS AÀYh¯mb Pohn-
Å t{]c-W-IÄ hnizm-k-¯n \n¶pw X hn\n-tbm-K-¯n\pÅ GIhpw `{Z-hp-
e`n-¨n-sÃ-¦n hnizmkw tIhew am\- amb amÀK-ZÀi-\a- m-Wv. Nne LS-I§ - sf
kn-I-amb {]hr-¯n am{X-am-bn-¯o-cpw. {]tXy-I-ambn Du¶n-s¡-m-­mWv Ckv
AXp-sIm-­mWv ""hn-iz-kn-¡p-Ibpw k emw AXnsâ amÀK-ZÀi-\w- - apt¶m«p sh
IÀa-§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¨h - cpw''- F¶v hnip- ¡p-¶Xv F¶p ImWmw.
²-JpÀ-B³ ]e-bn-S-§-fn ]d-ªXv. Ncn-{Xt_m[w,- hn[n-hn-e¡ - p-Is- f-¡p-
kÂIÀa-§Ä hnizm-k-¯nsâ AYhm dn-¨pÅ Pm{KX,- ]c-tem-I-hn-izmkw,- k
icn-bmb hnizm-k-¯nsâ A\n-hm-cy-^- l-Pohnt_m[w,- Pohn-X-¯nsâ {]tbm-
e-§f- mWv F¶v JpÀB³ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
Pohn-X-¯nse Hmtcm \nan-j-
P-\-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ A[ym-]-\§Ä F
IÀa-§Ä kÂIÀa-§s- f¶v hnti-jn-¸n- ¶n-bmWv {]kvXpX LS-I-§Ä. s¯-bpw-
- \nb-{´n-¡p¶ Hcp

¡-s¸-Sp-¶-h-b-sÃ-¦n hnizmkw AXn Ckvemw Ncn-{X-t_m-[¯ - n\v AXn-sâ- [Àa-im-kv{X-¯nsâ ASn-

sâ icn-bmb AÀY-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡-W-sa- Xmb {]m[m\yw \ÂIp-¶p-­v. am\-hc- m-


¶n-Ã. kXy-hn-izm-khpw icn-bmb hnizm-
Øm\ inebpw hniz-k-am-sW

khpw CÃm-¯n-S§-fn \n¶v kÂIÀa- insb AXnsâ BZyw apX Ah-km\w ¶v Ckv e mw ]Tn- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ p.

§fpw icn-bmb Pohn-Xc- o-XnIfpw {]I-S- hsc ]c-kv]cw _Ôn-¸n-¨p \nÀ¯p¶


am-hp-I-bnà F¶-XmWv Ckvemansâ {kjvSm-hn-epÅ hnizm-ks¯ Xs¶-bm- IÀa- § - f n- t e- ¡ pÅ t{]c- W -

A[ym-]\w. hyà-hpw ià-hpamb Hcp Wv Ckvemw Ncn-{X-t_m-[¯ - nsâ s\Spw IÄ hnizm-k¯


- n \n¶pw e`n-

PohnX X¯-zimkv{Xw Ah-Xc- n-¸n¡p¶ XqWm¡n- am-äp-¶Xv. {kjvSm-hn-epÅ a\p- ¨n-sÃ-¦n hnizmkw tIhew

Ckvemw hnizm-k-¯nsâ ZuÀ_-ey-§ jysâ F¡m-e-s¯bpw hnizm-k-¯n\v


Äs¡-Xn-cmb ap¶-dn-bn-¸p-IÄ H«-\-h[n tIhew Hcp k¦Â]w, `mh\ F¶-Xn- am\-kn-I-amb {]hr-¯n am{X-

XhW \ÂIn-bn-«p-ÅXpw {it²-ba- mWv. e-¸pdw Nne Xe-§fp­v F¶v ]Tn-¸n- am-bn-¯o-cpw. AXp-sIm-­mWv

hnizmkw tNmÀ¶p-t]m-Ip-¶n-S¯v IÀaw ¡p-hm-\m-Wv Ncn-{Xs¯ Ckvemw D]-tbm- ""hn-iz-kn-¡p-Ibpw kÂIÀa-

\njv^-ehpw hyÀY-hp-am-bn-¯o-cp-sa¶ Kn-¡p-¶X - v. BZn-aa- \- p-jy³ apXÂ Bcw-


]mTw Ckvemw AXnsâ hnizmkn kaq- `n-¡p¶ a\p-jy-]c- ¼ - cbpsS C¶seIfn- §Ä {]hÀ¯n-¨-hcpw''- F¶v

ls¯ ]Tn-¸n-¡m-Xn-cn¡p¶n--Ã. se-hn-sSbpw a\p-jysâ {kjvSmhv Ah- hnip-²-JpÀ-B³ ]e-bn-S-§-

\n \n¶v AI¶p \n¡p-Itbm a\p-


Ckvemw þ{k-jvSm-hnsâ ktµiw jys\ kzX-{´-am-¡p-Itbm sNbvXn-«n-
fn ]d-ªXv. kÂIÀa-§Ä

{kjvSm-hnsâ ktµiw a\p-jy-cn-te sö kXyw ]qÀh-Im-es¯¡pdn-¨pÅ hnizm-k-¯nsâ AYhm icn-

¡p ]IÀ¶p \ÂIp-hm-\m-h-iy-amb Hcp hnh-c-W-§-fn-eqsS hnip-²-JpÀ-B³ bmb hnizm-k¯


- nsâ A\n-hm-

khn-tij ]²-Xn-bmWv "cnkm-e¯v'-. apt¶m«v sh¡p-¶p-­v. Ncn-{Xs¯ {kjv cy-^e


- §
- f
- mWv F¶v JpÀB³
ssZh-Zq-X· - m-cpsS Hcp ]c-¼c- X- s¶ Cu Smhnsâ CS-s]-Se- p-If- psS AS-bm-fa- mbn
`qap-J¯v h¶p-t]m-bXv a\p-jy-cm-in ]cn-Nb- s- ¸-Sp-¯p¶ ]mTm-ßI - X JpÀ-B- ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.

sb {kjvSm-hnsâ ktµ-i-§Ä- ]Tn-¸n- \nI ]cm-aÀi-§Ä¡p-­v. a\p-jy\pw


¡p-hm\mWv. a\p-jy-a\ - Ê
- n tXm¶p¶ {kjvSmhpw X½n-epÅ _Ô¯nsâ A
Bi-b-§fpw k¦-ev]-§fpw ssZh-¯n \p-Iqehpw {]Xn-Iq-e-hp-amb ]mT-§-fn-
sâ t]cn Btcm-]n-¡p¶ {]h-WX - s- ¡- eqsS hnI-kn-¡p¶ a\p-jy-N-cn{Xw AS-
Xncmb ià-amb Xm¡o-tXmSpIqSn bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯-¶Xv atlm-¶-X-amb Hcp
bmWv Ckvemw {kjvSm-hnsâ bYmÀY- iàn-bpsS \nXykm¶n-[y-s¯-bm-sW¶v
ktµ-i§ - sf ]cn-Nb - s- ¸-Sp-¯p-¶X
- .v a\p- JpÀ-B³ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
jy- c m- i n- b psS BhnÀ`m- h - s ¯bpw hn[n-hn-e¡ - p-Is- f-¡p-dn-¨pÅ Pm{K-X-
AXn\p ]n¶n-epÅ e£y-§-sfbpw Ir sb-¶Xv Ckvemansâ `mj-bn aX-¯n
Xy-ambn ]Tn-¸n¨p-sIm­v Ckvemw Ncn- sâ BsI-¯p-I-bm-Wv. `àn AYhm
{Xs¯ {kjvSm-hp-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡p-¶p. "XIvh'- \nÀh-Nn-¡s- ¸-Sp-¶Xp Xs¶bpw
a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS BZy-_nµp apXÂ " {kjvSm-hnsâ IÂ]-\I - Ä A\p-kc- n-¡p-
Bcw-`n-¡p¶ Hcp _Ôw {kjvSm-hp-am Ibpw hne-¡p-IÄ ]men-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-
bn a\p-jy-\p-­v F¶v ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶ hnip- I''- F¶ AÀY-¯nemWv. {kjvSm-hnsâ
²-JpÀ-B³, `uXn-I-ZÀi-\-§Ä Du¶n- IÂ]-\-I-fn \n¶v- hn[n-Ifpw {kjvSm-
¸-d-bp¶ a\p-jysâ kÀh-X{´ kzX- hn\v Aln-Xa- m-bh - ¡ - p-dn-¨pÅ ap¶-dn-bn-
{´X F¶ Nn´m-K-Xnsb AXnsâ ¸p-Ifn \n¶v hne-¡p-Ifpw BhnÀ`-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 27
hn-¡p-¶p. C¯cw hn[n-hn-e-¡p-Ifpw jysâ `uXn-IP- o-hn-Xs¯ AXnsâ lr Þ-e-¯nsâ A\n-hm-cy-L-S-I-am-¡p-I
IÂ]\I-fpw- \ntj-[§fpw a\p jy kz-X-bn Xs¶ Bkzm-Zy-am¡n¯oÀ bpw sN¿p-¶X - m-Wv CkvemanI kl-Po-
Pohn-Xs¯ \nb-{´n-¡p-Ibpw kwkv I- ¡m-\pÅ `uXn-I-hm-Zn-I-fpsS ]cn-{i-a- hn-t_m-[w.- XoÀ¨-bmbpw CXv {kjvSmhn
cn-¡p-Ibpw ]cn-]m-en-¡p-Ibpw AÀY-h- §Ä ]e-t¸mgpw ^e-{]-Za- m-Im-dn-Ã. ^e-  \n¶pÅ Hc-h-t_m-[-am-Wv. a\p-jy-
¯mb PohnX hn\n-tbm-K-¯n\v {]m]n- {]-Z-sa¶p Hcp \nebv-¡pw Dd¸p \ÂIm s\bpw {kjvSm-hn-s\bpw _Ôn-¸n¨v
X-am-¡pIbpw ]mgmbnt¸mIp-¶-Xn \mhm¯ Hcp ]cn-{i-a-amWv `uXn-I-Po- \nÀ¯p¶ anI-s¨mcp Bi-b-amWv C
\n¶v Pohn-X-s¯bpw AXnse Hmtcm hnX ho£-W-§Ä Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. kvemanse kl-Pohn t_m[hpw kl-
\nan-j-§-sfbpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw AtX kabw ]c-tem-I-hn-izmkw Hc-\n- Pohn k¦Â]hpw.
sN¿p-¶psh¶-XmWv Ah-bpsS ^e-{]m- hm-cy-L-S-I-ambn DbÀ¯n-¡m-«p¶ Ckv {kjvSm-hn \n¶pÅ ktµ-is- a¶
]vXn. emw sN¿p-¶Xv a\pjy Pohn-Xs¯ A \ne-bn Ckvemw a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xs¯
a\pjy Pohn-X-¯n \n¶-I¶v Xnsâ lrkz-Xb - n \n¶v A¸p-dt- ¯¡v ¡pdn¨v `qap-J¯v e`n-¡p¶ Gähpw
asämcp Xe-¯n hÀ¯n-¡p¶ tkzOm- A\-´a- mb Nne km[y-XI - f- psS Xe-¯n- ]qÀW-hpw tbmKy-hp-amb X¯-zi - m-kv{X-
[n-]-Xn-bmb Hcp a\p-jym-Xo-X-i-àn-bp- te¡v sIm­p-t]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv. hnP-b- am-W.v Pohn-Xs¯ AXnsâ ^e-{]m-]X v n-
sS \nb-{´-W-kz-`m-h-apÅ imk-\-IÄ {]m]vXn Dd¸v \ÂI-s¸-«n-«n-Ãm¯ `u tbm-Sv ASp-¸n-¡p¶ {]bp-àn-bpsS Bi-
F¶ \ne-bn-e-Ã, adn¨v a\pjyPohn-X XnI kzÀK-k-jvSn-¡m-bpÅ ]cn-{i-a-§ b-im-kv{X-ambn Ckvemw A\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-
s¯ Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-Ibpw \nb-{´n-¡p- Ä Dt]-£n¨v hnPb-{]m-]vXnbpw hnP-b- ¶p. aX-¯nsâ km[m-cW am\-Z-Þ-e-
Ibpw ]men-¡p-Ibpw Pohn-X-¯n\v AÀ ¯nsâ imizX kz`m-hhpw Dd¸v \ÂI- §ÄsI-m-­Ã Pohn-Xs¯ Ckv emw
Y-ap-­m-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX Gähpw Imcp- s¸« ]c-tem-I t- \-«§ - Ä¡mbn {]b-Xv\n- kao-]n-¡p-¶X - .v adn¨v Akm-[m-cW- amb
Wy-hm-\mb Hcp HuZm-cy-hmsâ A\p-{K- ¡phm³ Ckvemw \ÂIp¶ t{]cW a\p- Hcp ]cn-t{]£yw Pohn-Xs¯¡pdn ¨v
l-§-fn Gähpw {]Y-ahpw {][m-\-hp- jy-Po-hn-Xt- ¯m-SpÅ {kjvSm-hnsâ Zbm- sh¨p-]p-eÀ¯n-s¡m­v Gähpw Im cy-
amWv {kjvSmhv a\p-jy-cm-in¡v \nÀtZ- ]qÀW-amb A\p`m-h¯ - nsâ sXfn-hp-Iq- £-ahpw ^e-{]-Z-hp-amb coXn-bn A
in-¨n-«pÅ FÃm hn[n-I-fpw hne-¡p-I- Sn-bmWv. Ca-sh-«n-¯p-d¡pw ap¼v a\p-jy- Xns\ Ah-Xc- n-¸n-¡p-¶X - mWv Ckveman
fp-sa¶v a\-Ên-em-t¡-­X - p-­v. Cu Xncn- \n \n¶v \jvS-s¸-«p-t]m-Ip¶ Hcp kz sâ IÀaþ-hn-izmk aÞ-ew. {kjvSmhn
¨-dn-hmWv Ckvemansâ hn[n-hn-e-¡p- ]v\a- m- I
- msX Pohn-Xs¯ kwc-£n-¡p¶ sâ ktµ-is- a¶ \ne-bn krjvSnbmb
Isf a\p-tjym-·pJ amÀK-ZÀi-\-am¡n Icp-¯pä Hcm-ib - a- mWv Ckvemw apt¶m«v a\p-jysâ Pohn-Xs¯ \nÀam-Wm-ß-I-
amäp-¶X - v. sh¡p¶ ]c-tem-I-hn-izm-k-sa¶v kq ambn hn\y-kn-¡p¶ Ckvemw a\p-jycm-
`uXn-I- Po-hn-X- ho-£-§-fpsS lr £va-ambn \nco-£n-¨m a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶- in¡v e`n¨ Gähpw ]qÀW-amb A\p{K-
kz-amb Pohn-X-k-¦Â]-§sf \ncm-I-cn- Xm-W.v l-am-Wv. {kjvSmhv ]qÀ¯o-I-cn¨p \Â
¡p¶ H¶mWv Ckvemansâ ]c-temI a\p-jys\ Ahsâ PohnXw sIm­v Inb Ckvemam-Ip¶ A\p-{K-l-¯nsâ
ho£Ww. icm-icn Adp-]tXm Fgp-] thdn«v ImWp-Ibpw Ahsâ kl-Pa- mb KpW-t`m-àm-¡f- m-hp-IbmWv am\-hc- m-in-
tXm hÀj-§Ä \ofp¶ B[p-\nI a\p- Bhm-k-L-S-\-bn Ahs\ aäp Poh-a- ¡p-ap-¶n-epÅ GI tamN-\amÀK-w.

({Xn-Xz- k-¦Â-]-¯n-se- ....... t]-Pv- 14 \n-¶v- Xp-SÀ-¨-)-


Ã''- (tbm-l.-1-:-18).- ""a-\p-jyÀ- B-cpw- Im- ""B-Zn-bnÂ- h-N-\-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p''- F- Xp-hm-\p-Å- t{]-c-W- \Â-Ip-I-bpw- F-gp-
Wm-¯h- \- pw- Im¬-am³- I-gn-bm-¯h- \- pw''- ¶p- Xp-S-§-p-¶- tbm-l-¶m³- 1:-1 h-N-\w- Xp-¶-hÀ- X-§-fp-sS- A-dn-hn-s³-d-bpw- A-
(1sIm-cn.- 6:-16).- tb-ip-hn-s\- B-fpIÄ- I- b-lq-Z-\pw- A-e-Iv-km-{­n-b-¡m-c-\p-am-b- \p-`h- ¯ - n-s³-db - pw- ]-cn-an-Xn-IÄ-¡p-ÅnÂ-
­n-«p-­v.- ]n-s¶- tb-ip- F-§-s\- ssZ-h- ^o-tem- bq-Zn-bm-kn-tâ-Xm-sW-¶pw- t¹-täm- H-Xp-§n-\n-¶p-sIm-­v- F-s´-¦n-epw- Fgp-
am-Ipw?- ""ssZ-hw- tZm-j-§-fmÂ- ]-co-£n- Wn-b³- kn-²m-´¯ - n-s³-d- kzm-[n-\¯
- mÂ- Xn-bn-«p-s­-¦nÂ- A-Xv- F-§-s\- ssZ-hn-
¡-s¸-Sm-¯-h³- B-Ip-¶p''- (bm-t¡m-_v- tbm-l¶ - m³- F-gp-Xn-bX- m-sW-¶p-ap-Å- A- I-sa-¶- hn-tij-W-¯-n-\v- AÀ-l-am-Ipw?
1:-13).- tb-ip-hm-I-s«- ]n-im-Nn\mÂ- ]-co- `n-{]m-bw- ss_-_nÄ- ]-Þn-X· - mÀ-¡p-Å- - kp-hn-ti-§f- n-se- ssh-hn-[yw- Nq-­n-
£n-¡-s¸-«n-«p-­v-:- ""]n-im-Nv- A-h-s\- \m- Xm-bn- \mw- a-\-Ên-em-¡-Ww.- ¡m-Wn-¨-t¸mÄ- A-t±-lw- ]-d-ªp-:- ""kp-
Â-]X - v- Zn-hk
- w- ]-co-£n-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p''- ss_-_n-fn-sâ- ssZhn-I-X-sb-¡p-dn-¨v- hn-ti-§-fn-se- ssh-hn-[yw- X-s¶- \m-ep-
(eq-t¡m-kv- 4:-1).- ]n-s¶-sb-§-s\- tb-ip- A-t±-lw- ]-d-ªp-:- ""th-Z-]p-kv-X-Iw- ssZ- t]-cp-sS-bpw- A-dn-hn-s³-d-bp-w- ]-cn-an-Xn-bp-
ssZ-h-am-Ipw?- ""ssZ-hw- A-Ãm-sX- \-Ã-h- hw- F-gp-Xn- F-¶-Ã- {In-kv-Xo-b- hn-izm- sS-bp-w- hy-à-am-b- Zr-jv-S-m-´-am-Wv' . -
\m-bn- B-c-p-an-Ã''- (aÀ-t¡m-kv- 10:-18).- tb- kw;--ssZh-t{]-cW
- b - mÂ- F-gp-Xn- F-¶m-W'v .- "ssZh-ln-X¯ - m-epw- ]-cn-ip²m-ß- \n
ip- ]-d-bp-¶p-:- ""F-s¶- \-Ã-h-³- F¶p- - F-´n-\m-Wv- ssZ-hw- t{]-c-W \Â-In- tbm-K-¯m-ep-w-'- -c-Nn-¡-s¸-«h-bn F-§
hn-fn-¡p-hm³- F-´p-­v?''- (-aÀ-t¡m-kv- 10:- b-Xv?- "F-s´-¦n-epw-'- F-gp-Xp-hm-t\m- Nn- s\-bm-Wv- F-gp-¯p-Im-cp-sS- A-dn-hn-Ãm-bva-
18). tbm-l-¶m³- 5:-19,- eq-t¡m-kv- 11:-20,- e- {]tXy-I- Im-cy-§Ä- F-gp-Xp-hm-t\m?- {]-IS- a- m-hp-I?- A-\yq-\a- Ã- m-¯h- - F-§s\
A-t¸m.- {].- 2:-22 Xp-S-§n- A-t\-I- h-N-\- C-¶-bn-¶- Im-cy-§Ä- F-gp-Xq- F-¶v- ]-d- b
- m-Wv- "ssZh-ln-X¯ - m-epw- ]-cn-ip²m-ß-
§Ä- tb-ip-hn-s³-d- Zn-hy-Xz-¯n-\v- F-Xn- ªn-«p-s­-¦n F-gp-Xn-b- Im-cy-§Ä- ssZ- \n-tbm-K-¯m-ep-w'- c-Nn-¡-s¸-«h-bm-hp-I?-
cm-bn- Nq-­n-¡m-Wn-¡p-hm-\m-hpw.- hn-I-am-bn-cn-¡pw.- F-¶mÂ- tI-h-ew- F-gp-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 28
Nn-´n-¡p-InÂ- Zr-jv-Sm-´-sa-{X-!-
D-kv-am³- ]m-e-¡m-gn-

{]-]-©-¯n-se- A-Ûp-X-§-fm-b- A-t\-Iw- {]-Xn-`m-k-§-Ä- \-½Ä- I-­p-sIm-­n-cn¡p-


¶p.- F-¶mÂ- C-Xn-s\-¸-än-sbm-¶pw- B-cpw- A-[n-Iw- Nn-´n-¡m-dn-Ã.- Nn-´n-¡pI-bm-
sW-¦nÂ- XoÀ-¨-bm-bpw- kÀ-h-i-à-\m-b- ssZ-h-¯n-sâ- a-l-¯z-hpw- Ignhpw- a-\-Ên-
em-¡p-hm-\pw- ssZ-h-¯n-sâ- hn-\o-X- Zm-k-·m-cm-bn- am-dp-hm-\pw- BÀ-¡pw- Ign-bpw.-

\½Ä- P-\n-¨v- Cu- tem-I-t¯-¡v- h- Nq-­n-¡m-«p-¶- Zr-jv-Sm-´-§-fnÂ- Nn-e-Xn-


cpw- ap-¼v- \-½Ä-¡m-bn- kw-hn-[m-\n-¡-s¸- te-s¡m-¶v- I-t®-mS- n-¡mw-:-
«- `q-an-sb-bpw- A-Xn-ep-Å- N-cm-N-c-§-sf- ""(\_ntb,) ]dbpI: \n§Ä Nn´n
bpw- \-½Ä-- I-mW - p-¶p.- {]-]©
- ¯
- n-se- A- ¨v t\m¡nbn«pt­-m? DbnÀs¯gpt¶Â
Ûp-X-§-fm-b- A-t\-Iw- {]-Xn-`m-k-§-fpw- ]nsâ \mfphsc AÃmlp \n§fpsS
kw-`-h-§-fpw- \-½Ä- I-­p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- ta cm{Xnsb imizXam¡n¯oÀ¯n
¶p.- F-¶mÂ- C-Xn-s\-¸-än-sbm-¶pw- B- cps¶¦n AÃmlp AÃm¯ GsXmcp
cpw- A-[n-Iw- Nn-´n-¡m-dn-Ã.- Nn-´n-¡p-I- ssZhamWv \n§Ä¡v shfn¨w sIm­p-
bm-sW-¦nÂ- XoÀ-¨b - m-bpw- kÀ-hi
- à
- \ - m- -h¶p XcnI? F¶ncns¡ \n§Ä tI«p
b- ssZ-h-¯n-sâ- a-l-¯z-hpw- I-gn-hpw- a- a\Ênem¡p¶ntÃ? ]dbpI: \n§Ä
\-Ên-em-¡p-hm-\pw- ssZ-h-¯n-sâ- hn-\o-X- Nn´n¨v t\m¡nbn«pt­-m? DbnÀs¯gp
Zm-k-·m-cm-bn- am-dp-hm-\pw- BÀ-¡pw- I-gn- t¶Â]nsâ \mfphsc AÃmlp \n§
bpw.- h-n-ip-²- JpÀ-B-\n-eq-sS- A-Ãm-lp- fpsS ta ]Iens\ imizXam¡nbncp
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 29
¶psh¦n AÃmlphÃm¯ GsXmcp am-dn-am-dn- e-`n-¡m-¯- H-cp- tem-I-s¯-¸- bpw krjvSn¨h³ F{X ]cnip²³!''- (36:-
ssZhamWv \n§Ä¡v hn{ian¡phm³ än- k-¦Â-]-n-¨p-t\m-¡p-I.- a-\p-j-y-À-¡pw- 33þ36).-
Hcp cm{Xn sIm­p-h¶v XcnI? F¶ncn C-Xc- P- o-hn-IÄ-¡pw- C-hn-sS- Po-hn-¡p-hm³- F-Ãm- X-cw- I-r-jn-hn-`-h-§-fpw- ""ssI
s¡ \n§Ä I­-p a\Ênem¡p¶ntÃ? km-[n-¡p-tam?- H-c-n-¡-ep-an-Ã.- Cu- hy-h- IÄ A[zm\n¨p­-m¡nbXnÂ''- F-¶p- ]-
Ahsâ ImcpWy¯m Ah³ \n§Ä kv-Y- kw-hn-[m-\n-¨- {k-jv-Sm-hn-s\- kv-Xp- d-ªX - nÂ- DÄ-s¡m-Åp-¶p.- {]-Xy-£¯ - n
¡v cmhpw ]Iepw D­-m¡nX¶ncn¡p Xn-¡p-hm-\pw- A-Xn-sâ- t]-cnÂ- \-µn-Im- Â- A-h- a-\p-jy-sâ- {]-b-X-\- ^-e-§-fm-
¶p, cm{Xnbn \n§Ä hn{ian¡phm Wn-¡p-hm-\pw- a-\p-jy³- I-S-s¸-«-h-\-tÃ?- sW-¦n-epw- A-h- ap-f-¡p-¶-Xpw- h-f-cp-¶-
\pw (]IÂ kab¯v) Ahsâ A\p{K - Xpw- hnf-bp-¶-Xp-sa-Ãmw- A-Ãm-lp-h-n-sâ-
l¯n \n¶v \n§Ä tXSns¡m­v- ""BImi§fnepÅXpw `-qanbnepÅ A-\p-{K-lw- sIm-­m-Wt- Ãm.- \ - new DgpXv
hcm\pw, \n§Ä \µ-nImWn¡phm\pw Xpw AÃmlp \n§Ä¡v A[o\s¸Sp hn¯nd¡m³ ]mI¯nem¡m\pw hn¯n
th­-n' - (28:-71þ73).- ¯n¯¶ncn¡p¶p F¶v \n§Ä I­n d¡m\pw IÀjI\v Ignbpw. F¶mÂ
AÂ-]-sa-m-¶v- Nn-´n-¨p- t\m-¡p-I-!- `q- tÃ? {]Xy£hpw ]tcm£hpamb Ah AXv apf¸n¡phm³ Ah\p- Ignbptam?
tem-Ia- m-sI- ap-gp-h³- k-ab - h
- pw- cm-{Xn-bm- sâ A\p{Kl§Ä Ah³ \n§Ä¡v Hcn¡epanÃ. apf¸n¡phm\pw hfÀ¯n
bn-cp-s¶-¦-nÂ,- A-sÃ-¦n-Â- ap-gph³- k-a- \ndthän¯cnIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. s¡-m­phcm\pw ImbvI\nIfpw [m\y
b-hpw- ]-I-em-bn-cp-s¶-¦n-Â- F-´m-bn-cn- hà Adnthm amÀKZÀi\tam shfn¨w §fpap­m¡phm\pw {kjvSmhnt\ Ign
¡pw- A-h-kv-Y?-!- ]-IÂ- sh-fn-¨-¯nÂ- hn- \ÂIp¶ thZ{KÙtam CÃmsX AÃm bq. A-Ãm-lp- ]-d-bp-¶p:-
hn-[- cw-K-§-fnÂ- hym-]-c-n-¨pw- A-Xy-[zm- lphnsâ Imcy¯n XÀ¡n¨p-sIm­n-- ""F¶m \n§Ä Irjn sN¿p¶Xn
\w- sN-bv-Xp-t t]m-cp-¶- a-\p-jy\v- kz-k-v cn¡p¶ NneÀ a\pjycnep­-v''- (31:-20).- s\¸-än \n§Ä Nn´n¨v t\m¡nbn«p
Y-am-bn- hn-{i-an-¡p-hm-\p-X-Ip-¶,- A-Xn-\v- B-Im-i-¯p- kv-Yn-Xn- sN-¿p-¶- kqcy- t­m? \n§fmtWm AXv apf¸n¨v hfÀ
\nÀ-_-Ôn-X-\m-¡p-¶- cm-{Xn-bpw,- im-´- þN-{µ- \-£{- Xm-Zn-Is- f-bpw- C-Xc- - {Kl§- ¯p¶Xv. AXÃ, \mamtWm AXv apf¸n
am-b- hn-{i-a-¯n-\p-ti-jw- Xn-cn-¨p-In-«n-b- sf-bpw- ta-Lw,- a-ªv,- a-g,- hm-bp- ap-X-em- ¨v hfÀ¯p¶h³?.....-'' (56:63þ67).
D-WÀ-hpw- D-t·-jh - pw- D-]t- bm-Ks- ¸-Sp-¯n- b-h-sb-bpw-,- `q-an-bn-se- Po-hn-IÄ-,- k-ky- A-Xp-sIm-­v- C-Xn-s\-Ãmw- a-\p-jy³-
s¡m-­v- B-bn-c-am-bn-cw- Im-cy-§-fnÂ- hn- e-Xm-Zn-IÄ-,- ]À-h-X-§-Ä-,- \-Zn-IÄ- J-\-\- A-Ãm-lp-hn-t\m-Sv- \-µn- Im-Wn-t¡-­-Xp-
l-cn-t¡-­-Xn-\v- A-\n-hm-cy-am-b- ]-I-epw- h-kv-Xp-¡Ä- Xp-S-§n-b- \n-c-h-[n- h-kv-Xp- ­v.
¡-sf-bpw- a-\p-jy-\v- Hm-tc-m- X-c-¯nÂ- A- k-ky-§Ä,- hr-£-§Ä,- Im-bv-I-\n-
Ãm-lp- D-]-bp-à-am-¡n-s¡m-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p- IÄ,- P-´p-Pm-e-§Ä- Xp-S-§n-b- F-ÃmXn--
¶p.- hn-i-¸n-\p- `-£-Ww,- Zm-l¯n-\p- sh- epw- C-WI - f- p-s­-¶v- JpÀ-B³- hy-àa- m-
Å-w-,- Xm-a-k-¯n-\p- kv-Y-e-ku-I-cyw,- Im- ¡p-¶p.- G-I³- A-Ãm-lp- am-{Xw.-
F-Ãm-X-cw- I-r-jn-hn-`-h-§-fpw- gv-N,- tIÄ-hn,- kw-km-cw- F-¶n-§-s\-bp-
""cm{Xnbpw AhÀs¡mcp ZrjvSm´a
" ssIIÄ A[zm\n¨p­-m¡nb Å- F-®-a-ä- {]-Xy-£-am-b- A-\p-{K-l-
§fpw-- hn-ti-_p-²n,- Úm-\w,- k-¼m-Zn- s{X . AXn \n¶v ]Iens\ \mw Ducn
XnÂ''- F-¶p- ]-d-ª-XnÂ- DÄ- ¡p-hm-\p-Å- amÀ-K§ - Ä-,- th-Z{- K-Ù§ - f- pw- sbSp¡p¶p. At¸mÄ AhcXm Ccp«n
s¡m-Åp-¶p.- {]-Xy-£¯ - nÂ- A- ssZ-h-Zq-X-·m-cpw- ap-tJ-\-bp-Å- amÀ-K-ZÀ-  AIs¸Sp¶p.- kqcy³ AXn\v kvYnc
ambpÅ Hcp kvYm\t¯¡v k©cn¡p
h- a-\p-jy-sâ- {]-b-X-\- ^-e-§- i-\§
Xp-S§
- Ä,- {]-mÀ- Y
- n-b- a-ä\
- \- b- ¡
- p-{K-l§
v- v- D-¯c- w- \Â-IÂ,-
- f- pw- A-Ãm-lp- \Â- ¶p. {]Xm]nbpw kÀh-PvR\pamb A
fm-sW-¦n-epw- A-h- ap-f-¡p-¶- In-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.- A-sX,- {]-Xy-£-hpw- ]- Ãmlp IW¡m¡nbXmWXv. N{µ\v \mw
Xpw- h-f-cp-¶-Xpw- hnf-bp-¶-Xp-sa- tcm-£-hp-am-b- A-\p-{K-l-§Ä.- Nne L«§Ä \nivNbn¨ncn¡p¶p.
A§s\ AXv ]gb Cu´¸g¡pebp
Ãmw- A-Ãm-lp-h-n-sâ- A-\p-{K-lw- ""AhÀs¡mcp ZrjvSm´ap­-v; \nÀ
Pohamb `-qan. AXn\v \mw Poh³ \Â sS hfª X­-pt]mse Bbn¯ocp
sIm-­m-W-tÃm.- -\new DgpXv hn IpIbpw, AXn \n¶v \mw [m\yw D ¶p. kqcy\v N{µ-s\ {]m]n¡ms\m¡p
¯nd¡m³ ]mI¯nem¡m\pw ]mZn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. F¶n«v AXn IbnÃ. cmhv ]Iens\ adnIS¡p¶Xpa
Ã. Hmtcm¶pw Hmtcm (\nivNnX) {`aW
hn¯nd¡m\pw IÀjI\v Ign  \n¶mWv AhÀ `-£n¡p¶Xv. Cu´
¸\bpsSbpw ap´ncnbpsSbpw tXm«§ ]Y¯n \o´nsIm­-ncn¡p¶p''- (36:-
bpw. F¶m AXv apf¸n¡p Ä AXn \mw D­-m¡pIbpw, AXn 37þ40).-
hm³ Ah\p- Ignbptam? Hcn \mw DdhnS§Ä Hgp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. `q-tKm-f-¯n-sâ- AÀ-[-`m-K-§-fn-em-bn-
¡epanÃ. AXnsâ ^e§fn \n¶pw AhcpsS
ssIIÄ A²zm\n¨p­-m¡nbXn \n
cm-]-I-e-p-IÄ- am-dn-am-dn- h-cp-¶p-!- G-sXm-
cp- kv-Y-e-¯p-\n-¶v- {]-Im-i-s¯- A-Ãm-
lp- \o-¡w-sN-¿p-¶p-thm- A-hn-sS- C-cp-«p-
¶pw AhÀ `-£n¡phm³ th­-n. F¶n
cns¡ AhÀ \µ-nImWn¡p¶ntÃ? `-qan aq-Sp-¶p- A-Y-hm- cm-{Xn-bp-­m-Ip-¶p.- kq-
apf¸n¡p¶ kky§fnepw, AhcpsS cy³- \n-iN -v n-Xa- m-b- {`-aW
- ]- Y- ¯
- n-eq-sS- \o-
kz´w hÀK§fnepw, AhÀ¡dnbm¯ §n-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p.- A-Xn-sâ- k-©-m-c-
hkvXp¡fnepw s]« FÃm CWIsf ¯n-\v- Ir-Xy-am-b- e-£y-hpw- amÀ-K-hp-ap-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 30
­v. A-Ãm-lp- \n-iv-N-bn-¨- B- I-W-¡pw- Km-[X - b- n-te-¡v- B-­p-t]m-b- kw-`h - w- \- Cu- A-\p-{K-l§ - s- f-Ãmw- A-\p-`h
- n¨p
Nn-«-bpw- sX-äm-sX- A-Xv- k-©-cn-¨p-sIm- ap-¡p- ap-¼-n-ep-­v.- ]-e- hnam-\-§-fpw- X- -sIm-­v- Po-hn-¡p-¶-hÀ- ssZ-h-\n-tj-[n-I-
­n-cn-¡p-¶p.- N-{µ-¶pw- A-Xn-sâ-Xm-b- k- IÀ-¶- h-mÀ-¯b - pw- \-½Ä- A-dn-ªn-«p-­v.- fpw- kr-Iv-Sn-]q-P-I-cp-am-bn- I-gn-bp-¶-Xv- I-
©m-c- amÀ-K-ap-­v.- B- k-©m-c-¯n-\n-S- \nÀ-am-W-¯n-se- ssh-Z-Kv-[y-tam \n-b-{´- Sp-¯- [n-¡m-ch - pw- h-©\ - b
- p-am-sW-¶m-Wv-
bnÂ- t\-cn- AÀ-[-h-f-bw- t]m-se-bpw- {I- W-¯n-se- km-aÀ-Yy-tam- H-¶pw- X-s¶- A- D-]-cn-kq-Nn-X- h-N-\-§Ä- hy-à-am-¡p-¶-
ta-W- ]qÀ-W- hr-¯-am-bpw- ]n-s¶- {I-ta- hn-sS- D-]-Im-c-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã!- B-]Â-k-Ôn- Xv . - {]IrXn{]Xn`mk§fn hnkv
W- AÀ-[-h-f-bw- t]m-se-bpw- A-Xv- \-½p- I-fnÂ- A-Is- ¸-Sm-sX- c-£s- ¸-Sm³- kÀ-h- abhpw `bhpw]q­v Ahsb Bcm[n
sS- Zr-jv-Sn-IÄ-¡v- tKm-N-c-am-bn-¯-o-cp-¶p.- i-à-sâ- Im-cp-Wys¯- B-{i-bn-¡-e-Ã-m- ¡p¶XnÂ\n¶pw a\pjysc hnip² Jp
C-h- bm-Zr-Ñn-Iam-bn- D-­m-b-Xpw- -Xm-s\- sX a-säm-cp- amÀ-K-hp-anÃ. ÀB³ hne¡pIbpw Ahsb krjvSn¨
k-©-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-h-bp-am-sW- ""AÃmlphmIp¶p \n§Ä¡p th almiIvXnsb am{Xw Bcm[n¡Wsa ¶v
¦nÂ- Cu- Ir-Xy-X- F-§-s\-bp-­m-Ipw?- ­-n cm{Xnsb \n§Ä¡p im´ambn DWÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p:
\n-b{- ´n-¡m³- B-cp-an-sÃ-¦nÂ- A-hb - p-sS- hkn¡m³ X¡h®hpw ]Iens\ sh ""Ahs³d ZrjvSm´§fnÂs]«X
k-©m-c- th-K-X- H-tc-t]-m-se- \n-e-\nÂ- fn¨apÅXpw B¡nbh³. XoÀ¨bmbpw s{X cmhpw ]Iepw kqcy\pw N{µ\pw.
¡p-¶-sX-§-s\?- am-{X-a-Ã- A-h-bp-sS- k- AÃmlp P\§tfmSv HuZmcyapÅh\m kqcyt\m N{µt\m \n§Ä {]WmaaÀ
©m-c- th-K-X-bnÂ- G-ä-¡p-d-hp-­m-bmÂ- Ip¶p. ]t£,- a\pjycn A[nIt]cpw ¸n¡cpXv. Ahsb krjvSn¨h\mb A
im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ- I-W-¡pIq-«-ep-IÄ- sX- Ãmlphn\v \n§Ä {]Wmaw sN¿pI;
äp-I-bpw- sN-¿pw.- A-l-¦m-c-an-Ãm-¯- a-\- \µ-nImWn¡p¶nÃ. Ah\mIp¶p \n§
fpsS c£nXmhpw FÃm hkvXp¡fpsS \n§Ä Ahs\bmWv Bcm[n¡p¶sX
Êp-IÄ-¡v- {k-jv-Sm-hn-sâ- km-¶n-[yw- a-\- ¦nÂ'' (41:38).
Ên-em-¡m³- C-Xp-X-s¶- [m-cm-fw.- bpw krjvSnIÀ¯mhpamb AÃmlp.
""AhcpsS k´XnIsf `-mcw\nd¨ Ah\ÃmsX bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. F " AÃmlphmIp¶p \n§Ä¡v th ­-
I¸en \mw h-ln-¨p-sIm-­v- t]mIp-¶- ¶ncns¡ \n§Ä F§s\bmWv (k³ n `-qansb hmkkvYehpw BImis¯
Xpw AhÀs¡mcp ZrjvSm´amIp¶p. amÀK¯n \n¶v) sXän¡s¸Sp¶Xv? taÂ]pcbpw B¡nbh³. Ah³ \n§
AXpt]mse AhÀ¡v hml\ambn D] A{]Imcw Xs¶bmWv AÃmlphnsâ sf cq]s¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. A§
tbmKn¡mhp¶ aäp hkvXp¡fpw Ah Zrjv S m´§sf \ntj[n¨ncp¶hÀ s\ Ah³ \n§fpsS cq]§Ä anI¨
À¡v th­-n \mw krjvSn¨n«p­-v. \mw (k³amÀK¯nÂ\n¶v-) sXän¡s¸Sp¶ Xm¡n. hninjvS hkvXp¡fn \n¶v
Dt±in¡p¶ ]£w \mw Ahsc ap¡n Xv''- (40:- 61 þ63).- Ah³ \n§Ä¡v D]Poh\w \ÂIpI
¡fbp¶XmWv. At¸mÄ AhÀs¡mcp cm-]-I-ep-I-fp-sS- am-dn-am-dn-bp-Å- BK- bpw sNbvXp. Ah\mIp¶p \n§fpsS
klmbnbpw D­-mbncn¡p¶XÃ. AhÀ a\w- sX-fn-bn-¡p-¶-Xv- A-Ãm-lph-Ãm-sX- c£nXmhmb AÃmlp. At¸mÄ temI
c£n¡s¸Sp¶XpaÃ. \½psS ]¡Â a-säm-cp- ssZ-hh - pw- C-Ã- F-¶m-Wv.- `q-anbpw- §fpsS c£nXmhmb AÃmlp A\p{K
\n¶pÅ ImcpWyhpw, Hcp \nivNnX Im kq-cy-\pw- H-tc-sbm-cp- ssZ-h¯ - n-s³-d- \nb-
ew hscbpÅ kpJm\p`-hhpw Bbn {´-W-¯n-em-sW-¦nÂ- am-{X-sa- Ir-Xy-am-
s¡m­-v (\mw AhÀ¡v \ÂIp¶Xv) bn- cm-]-I-ep-IÄ- am-dn-am-dn- h-cn-I-bp-Åq.-
AÃmsX''- (36:-41þ44).- Po-hk - Ô - m-cW - ¯ - n-\pw- Po-hPm-e§ - f- p-sS-
k-ap-{Z-¯nÂ- k-©-cn-¡m³- ]m-b-¡- \n-e-\nÂ-]n-\pw- kq-cy-{]-Im-iw (]-IÂ)- k-ap-{Z-¯nÂ- k-©c- n-¡m³- ]mb-
¸-ep-I-fpw- I-c-bnÂ- k-©-cn-¡m³- H-«-Iw,-
Ip-Xn-c- ap-Xe- m-bh- bp-am-bn-cp-¶p- ]-­s- ¯-
B-hi - y-am-Wv.- im-´a- m-bn- Ip-Spw-_t- ¯m-
sSm-¸w- hn-{i-an-¡p-hm-\pw- £o-Wa- I - ä- m-\pw- ¡-¸-ep-I-fpw- I-c-bnÂ- k-©-cn-
{]-[m-\- hm-l-\-§Ä.- -C-¶v- ]-e-hn[- hm- cm-{Xn- A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv.- Zn-h-k-§-fpw- am- ¡m³- H-«-Iw,- Ip-Xn-c- ap-X-em-b-
l-\§ - Ä- I-­p-]n-Sn-¡s- ¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p;- hm- k-§-fpw- hÀ-j-§-fpw- I-W-¡m--¡p-hm³- hbp-am-bn-cp-¶p- ]-­-s¯- {]-[m-
bp-hn-epw- iq-\ym-Im-i¯ - pw- k-©c- n-¡m\p-
Å- hm-l-\-§Ä- h-sc!- F-¶mÂ- C-sXm-
kq-cy- N-{µ-·mÀ- B-h-iy-am-Wv-.- a-säm-cp-
kq-à-¯nÂ- A-Ãm-lp- C-¡m-cyw- hy-à- \- hm-l-\-§Ä.- -C-¶v- ]-e-hn[-
¶pw- A-l-¦-cn-¡m-\p-Å- h-I- \Â-Ip-¶n- am-¡p-¶X - v- Im-Wp-I:- - hm-l-\-§Ä- I-­p-]n-Sn-¡-s¸-«n-
Ã.- C-sX-Ãmw- I-­p-]n-Sn-¡m-\p-f- _p-²n- ""cmhns\bpw ]Iens\bpw \mw c­v cn-¡p-¶p;- hm-bp-hn-epw- iq-\ym-
bpw- \nÀ-an-¡m-\p-Å- h-kv-Xp-¡-fpw- D-]I
c-W§ - f- pw- \nÀ-an-¡m-\p-Å- km-lNcy hp-
- - ZrjvSm´§fm¡nbncn¡p¶p. cmhmIp Im-i¯ - pw- k-©c- n-¡m\p-Å- hm-
sa-Ãmw- A-Ãm-lp- k-Ö-am-¡n-b-XmWv.-
¶ ZrjvSm´s¯ \mw a§nbXm¡pI
bpw, ]IemIp¶ ZrjvSm´s¯ \mw {] l-\-§Ä- h-sc!- F-¶mÂ- C-sXm-
kp-c£ - n- X
- a- m-b- k-©m-c¯ - n-\v- th-­- Imiw \ÂIp¶Xm¡pIbpw sNbvXncn ¶pw- a-\p-jy-\v- A-l-¦-cn-¡m-\p-
ap³-Ic- p-Xe- p-Is- f-Sp-¯m-epw- A-{]-Xo-£n-
X-am-b- A-]-I-S-§Ä- kw-`h-n-¡m-dp-­v.- H-
¡p¶p. \n§fpsS c£nXmhn¦Â \n¶p
Å A\p{Klw \n§Ä tXSp¶Xn\v th Å- h-I- \Â-Ip-¶n-Ã.-
cn-¡e- pw- X-Ic- n-sÃ-¶v- \n-Àa- m-Xm-¡f- pw- bm- ­-nbpw, sImçfpsS F®hpw IW
{X-¡m-cpw- I-cp-Xn-b- "ssS-äm-\n-I'v - F-¶- B- ¡pw \n§Ä a\Ênem¡phm³ th­-n
Vw-_c- ¡ - ¸- Â- I-¶n-bm-{X-bnÂ- X-s¶- A- bpw. Hmtcm Imcyhpw \mw \Ãh®w
t\-Iw- bm-{X-¡m-cp-am-bn- k-ap-{Z-¯n-sâ-A - - hniZoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p''- (17:-12)-.
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 31
l]qÀW-\mI-p¶p. Ah\mIp¶p Pohn¨n ¡p-hm³- I-S-s¸-«-\pw- IÂ-]n-¡-s¸-«-h-\p- AKm[Xbnte¡v Cd§m³ A\phZn
cn¡p¶h³. Ah\ÃmsX bmsXmcp ssZ am-Wv.- ¡msX XSp¯v \nÀ¯p¶Xpw AÃmlp
hhpanÃ. AXn\m IogvhW¡w Ah\v Pew;- Pohs³d ASnkvYm\ LSIw. Xs¶.
\njvIf¦am¡ns¡m­-v \n§Ä Ah a\pjyÀ¡pw aänXc PohPme§Ä¡pw ""BImi¯p\n¶v \mw Hcp \nivNn
t\mSv {]mÀXvYn¡pI. temI§fpsS c AXpsIm­pÅ D]tbmKw ]dªdnbn X Afhn shÅw sNmcnbpIbpw F
£nXmhmb AÃmlphn¶v kvXpXn''- (40:- t¡­XnÃ. kap{ZPew \ocmhnbmbn ¶n«v AXns\ \mw `qanbn X§n\nÂ
64þ65).-- tatem«pbÀ¶v taL§fmbn amdpIbpw ¡p¶Xm¡pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. A
\-½Ä- Nn-´n-¡p-I.- Cu- tem-It¯¡v- tijw agbmbn `qanbn ]Xn¡pIbpw Xv hän¨pIfbphm³ XoÀ¨bmbpw \mw
\-½Ä- P-\n-¨p-ho-gpw- ap-¼p-X-s¶- \-ap-¡v- sN¿p¶p F¶mWv imkv{XaXw. F¶m iIvX\mIp¶p'' (23:18).
kp-c-£n-X-am-bn- Po-hn-¡p-hm³-X-¡- hn[-  agshůn\v D¸p-cpNnbnÃ! Ibv ag¡mew XpS§phm³ AÂ]w ssh
¯nÂ- `q-an-sb-bpw- D-]-cn-tem-I-s¯- {k- t]m NhÀt¸m CÃ. a®nÂ\n¶pw ]md Inbm \ap¡v B[nbpw sh{]mfhpam
jv-Sm-hv- kwh-n-[m-\n-¨p-sh-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.- an- IfnÂ\n¶pw s]m«nsbmen¡p¶ Ddh bn. Pe ZuÀe`yw t\cnSp¶hÀ IpSn¡m
I-¨-cq-]-¯n-Â- A-h³- \-s½- kr-jv-Sn-¨p.- IÄ¡v I®ocns³d sXfna! \pw Ipfn¡m\psams¡bpÅ shůn
im-co-cn-I- am-\-kn-I- I-gn-hp-IÄ- \Â-In.- hnip² JpÀB³ ]dbp¶p: ""BIm \v s\t«m«tamSpIbmbn. F¶m ag
ip-²a- m-b- B-lm-c]- Z- mÀ-Y§
- fp-sS- H-cp- I- i¯p\n¶v \mw A\pKr-loXamb sh s]¿Â Fs¶t¶¡pambn \n¶pt]m
e-h-d-X-s¶- Xp-d-¶p-sh-¨p.- P-ew,- Xo,- [m- Åw hÀjn¡pIbpw F¶n«v AXpaptJ bmÂ, `qanbnse kIe Pet{kmXÊp
\y-§Ä,- ]-¨-¡-dn-IÄ,- ]-g-hÀ-K-§Ä,- a- \ ]eXcw tXm«§fpw sImbvsXSp¡p Ifpw hänt¸mbm F´mbncn¡pw tem
Õ-yw,- amw-kw,- D-¸v,- ap-f-Iv....-A-§-s\-b- ¶ [m\y§fpw apf¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXn I¯ns³d AhkvY? AXv Nn´n¡p
§-s\- F-s´-Ãmw-!- C-sXm-¶p-an-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p- cn¡p¶p'' (50:9) t¼mÄXs¶ DÄ¡nSneap­mIp¶p!
sh-¦nÂ- F-§-s\- Po-hn-Xw- kp-km-[y-am- ""BImi¯p\n¶pw ip²amb Pew A§s\ kw`hn¨m Cu `qapJ¯v
Ipw?- C-sX-Ãmw- kw-hn-[m-\n-¨h - ³- F-s¶- \mw Cd¡pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. \nÀ BÀ¡mWv ho­pw ag s]¿n¡m\pw
¶pw- Po-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-\m-Wv.- bYmÀ-Y- Pohamb \mSn\v AXpaptJ\ Poh³ Pet{kmXÊpIfp­m¡phm\pw Ign
ssZ-hw- A-§-s\-bp-Å-hm-\m-Wv.- A-Xn- \ÂIphm\pw \mw krjvSn¨n«pÅ [mcm bpI? imkv{XPvRÀ¡v Ignbptam? acn
\mÂ- a-\p-jy³- A-h-s\-am{Xw- Bcm-[n- fw I¶pImenIÄ¡pw a\pjyÀ¡pw A ¨pt]mb hà alm·mÀ¡pw km[n¡p
Xv IpSn¸n¡phm\pw th­n. AhÀ B tam? {XnImePvRm\nIfpw PKZvKpcp
temNn¨v a\Ênemt¡­Xn\mbn AXv ¡fpsams¡bmbn ]cnNbs¸Sp¯s¸
C-l-tem-I-¯n-se- A-\p-{K-l-§ (agshÅw) AhÀ¡nSbn \mw hnX Sp¶ Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ BÄssZh§Ä¡v
Ignbptam? bp-àn-hm-Zn-If- pw- \n-co-iz-ch - m-
Ä- B-kz-Zn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶- a- cWw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. F¶m a\pjy
cn A[nIt]À¡pw \µntISv ImWn Zn-I-fpw- ]-d-bp-¶- "bm-Zr-Ñn-I-X'--bv-¡v- I gn-
\p-jy³,- B- A-\p-{K-l§ - Ä- B- ¡phm\ÃmsX a\Êph¶nÃ''(25: 48þ50). bp-tam?- hnip² JpÀB³ tNmZn¡p ¶p:
cv- \Â-Ip-¶p- F-¶-v Nn-´n-¡p-hm³- ""Ah\mWv BImi¯p\n¶v sh ""]dbpI: \n§Ä Nn´n¨p-t\m¡nbn
_-m-[y-kv-Y-\m-Wv.- X-s¶- klm- Åw sNmcnªpX¶Xv. AXn \n¶m «pt­m? \n§fpsS (hnhn[ Bhiy§
bn-¡p-¶-h-tcm-Spw- X-s³-d- ap-X- Wv \n§fpsS IpSn\oc.-v AXn \n¶p Ä¡pÅ) shÅw hänt¸mbm Bcm Wv
em-fn-tbm-Spw- X-s³-d- ta-ep-tZym- Xs¶bmWv (ImenIsf) ta¡phm\pÅ \n§Ä¡v HgpIp¶ DdhpshÅw
sIm­ph¶pXcnI?'' (67:30).
K-kv-Y-tcm-Spw- \-µn- Im-Wn-¡p-¶- sNSnIfpap­mIp¶Xv' (16:10).
a\pjyPohnX¯n Hgn¨pIqSm\m
XnÂ- bm-sXm-cp- ]n-ip-¡pw- Im- ""\o I­ntÃ, AÃmlp BImi¯p
hm¯ asämcp LSIamWv Xo. taL
Wn-¡m-¯- a-\p-jy³- X-\n-¡v- Po- \n¶v shÅw sNmcnªp. F¶n«v `qanbn
se DdhnS§fn AXh³ {]thin §fnÂ\n¶v shÅw \ÂIp¶ AÃmlp
hn-Xw- X-¶-\p-{K-ln-¨-,- X-\n-¡p- ¸n¨p.....'' (39:21). Nne ac§fnÂ\n¶v Xo-bpÂ]mZn¸n¡p
th-­n- {]-]© - s- ¯- kw-hn-[m-\n- ""\n§Ä IpSn¡p¶ shÅs¯¸än ¶p. AXnepw a\pjyÀ¡v bmsXmcp
¨,- X-\n-¡p-th-­n- hm-bp-hpw- sh- \n§Ä Nn´n¨v t\m¡nbn«pt­m? ]¦panÃ. B[p\nI amÀK§Ä D]tbm
Kn¨v a\pjy³ Xo D­m¡p¶psh¦nepw
Å-hpw- sh-fn-¨-hpw- a-sä-Ãm- A- \n§fmtWm- AXv taL¯nÂ\n¶v C BXy´nIambn Xo DÂ]mZn¸n¡p¶Xv
\p-{K-l§ - f- pw- \Â-In-s¡m-­n-cn- d¡nbXv? AXÃ; \mamtWm Cd¡nb AhcÃ. Xobn\v AXnt³dXmb KpW
¡p-¶- G-I-\m-b- {k-jv-Sm-hn-t\m- h³? \mw Dt±in¨ncp¶psh¦n AXv
\mw Zpx-kzmZpÅ D¸pshÅam¡pambn §Ä \ÂInbXpw AhcÃ. AÃmlp
Sv- \-µn- Im-Wn-¡m³- X-bm-dm-Ip- cp¶p. F¶n«pw \n§Ä \µnImWn¡m tNmZn¡p¶p:
¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ- A-h³- in-£mÀ-l- ¯sX´mWv?' (56:68:þ70). ""\n§Ä Dckn¡¯n¡p¶Xmb Xo
\-sÃ-¶v- BÀ-¡p- ]-d-bm-\m-Ipw?- Hcp IW¡\pkcn¨mWv AÃmlp
ag \ÂIp¶Xv. Ipf§fpw InWdpIfp
bns\¸än \n§Ä Nn´n¨v t\m¡nbn«p
t­m? \n§fmtWm AXns³d acw
sams¡ Ipgn¨m shÅw e`n¡¯ krjvSn¨Xv? AXà \mamtWm krjvSn
¡hn[¯n shÅs¯ `qanbpsS ¨h³? \mw AXns\ Hcp Nn´mhnjb
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 32
am¡nbncn¡p¶p. k©mcnIÄ¡v Hcp
PohnX kuIcyhpw'' (56: 71þ73). ag¡mew XpS§phm³ AÂ]w Nn´n¡phm\pw AXphgn {kjv S m
sshInbm \ap¡v B[nbpw hns³d iIvXnbpw al¯-zhpw a\Ênem
¡phm\pw Ahs\ am{Xw Bcm[n¨v A
Xobp­m¡phm³ C¶v \nehnepÅ
D]IcW §fnÃmXncp¶ Ime¯v AXn sh{]mfhpambn. Pe ZuÀe`yw hs³d kIeam\ IÂ]\Ifpa\pk
\pÅ ac§sf A¶s¯bmfpIÄ D] t\cnSp¶hÀ IpSn¡m\pw Ipfn cn¨p- Pohn¨v kzÀK {]m]vXn t\Sphm\pw
tbmKs¸Sp¯n. hnP\{]tZi§fneqsS ¡m\psams¡bpÅ shůn \cIin£bn \n¶v c£t\Sphm\p
bpw h\§fneqsSbpw k©cn¡pt¼m \v s\t«m«tamSpIbmbn. F¶m amWv. `uXnI temIt¯mSpw CjvS P\
Ä XWp¸Iäphm\pw `£yhkvXp¡Ä
 ag s]¿Â Fs¶t¶¡pam §tfmSpapÅ AanXamb Ima\tbm
]mc¼cy¯ns³d k¦pNnX Nn´tbm
thhn¡phm\pw h\yarK§fnÂ\n¶v
c£t\Sphm\pw ac§fnÂ\n¶v DÂ]m bn \n¶pt]mbmÂ, `qanbnse AXn\v hnLmXambn¡qSm.-
Zn¸n¡p¶ Xo Ahsc klmbn¨p. ac¡- kIe Pet{kmXÊpIfpw hän C-lt- em-I¯ - n-se- A-\p-{K-l§ - Ä- B-
jv-W§Ä X½n Iq«nbpckpt¼mÄ, t¸mbm F´mbncn¡pw tem kz-Zn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶- a-\p-jy³,- B- A-
Xos¸«ns¡-mÅn Dckpt¼mÄ Xobp­m I¯ns³d AhkvY? AXv Nn \p-{K-l-§Ä- B-cv- \Â-Ip-¶p- F-¶v- Nn-
Ip¶Xv a\pjys³d IgnhpsIm­Ã.
´n¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ DÄ¡nSn ´n-¡p-hm³- _-m-[y-kv-Y-\m-Wv.- X-s¶-
apIfnÂsImSp¯ kqIvX¯n Xobn
s\¸än "Nn´mhnjbw' F¶p]dªXv
{]tXyIw kvacWobamWv. Cu temI
eap­mIp¶p! klm-bn-¡p-¶h - t- cm-Spw- X-s³-d- ap-Xe- m-fn-
tbm-Spw- X-s³-d- ta-ep-tZym-Kk - vY
- t- cm-Spw- \-
µn- Im-Wn-¡p-¶X - nÂ- bm-sXm-cp- ]n-ip-¡pw-
¯pÅ Xobn-s\-¡mÄ- F{Xtbm Cc«n À¯mhns³d Ignhpw KpW§fpw ssI Im-Wn-¡m-¯- a-\p-jy³- X-\n-¡v- Po-hn-Xw-
NqSpÅ \cImKv\nsb¸än HmÀan¡phm hcnÃ.- A-Ãm-lp- tNm-Zn-¡p-¶p-:- X-¶-\p-{K-ln-¨-,- X-\n-¡p-th-­n- {]-]-©-
\pÅ kqN\ AXn AS§nbncn¡p¶ ""At¸mÄ,- krjvSn¡p¶h³ krjv s¯- kw-hn-[m-\n-¨,- X-\n-¡p-th-­n- hm-
Xmbn Nne JpÀB³ hymJymXm¡Ä Sn¡m¯hsct¸-msebmtWm? \n§sf bp-hpw- sh-Å-hpw- sh-fn-¨-hpw- a-sä-Ãm- A-
A`n{]mbs¸«n«p­v. ´mWv BtemNn¨p- a\Ênem¡m¯ Xv?' - \p-{K-l§ - f- pw- \Â-In-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶- G-
BImiw, ]ÀhX§Ä, H«Iw, ] £n, (16:17). I-\m-b- {k-jS-v m-hn-t\m-S-v \-µn- Im-Wn-¡m³-
tX\o¨, tX³, BXv a mhv , acWw {kjvSmhns³d A]mcamb iIvXn X-bm-dm-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ- A-h³- in-£mÀ-l-
þC§s\ \nch[n PohnIsf¡p dn¨pw bpsS ZÀ¸-WamWv Cu {]]©w. At\ \-sÃ-¶v- BÀ-¡p- ]-d-bm-\m-Ipw?-
hkvXp¡sf¡pdn¨pw {]Xn`mk§sf ItImSn PohPme§Ä¡nSbn khn a-\p-jy³- k-hn-ti-j_ - p-²n-bp-Åh- \- m-
¡pdn¨pw ]Tn¡phm³ JpÀB³ t{]cW tij_p²nsIm­v A\p{Kln¡s¸« Wv;- - Nn-´m-ti-jn-bp-Åh - \ - m-Wv.- X-s³d- Nn-
\ÂIpIbpw H¸w Ahsb¸än Nn´n¡p GIPohnbmb a\pjyt\mSv ssZhw ´m-ti-jn- D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm³- {i-an-
hm³ Bhiys¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶p. Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv Ah³ \ÂInb C{µn ¨mÂ- C-l-tem-I- Po-hn-X-¯n-s³-d- \iz-c-
ssZhaÃm¯-sX-Ãm-w krjvSnbmWv. b§Ä icn¡p]tbmKs¸Sp¯phm\pw X-bpw- ]m-c-{Xn-I-tem-I-¯n-s³-d- B-h-iy-
krjvSnIÄ¡v Hcn¡epw krjvSnI Ah³ \ÂInb _p²nbp-]tbmKn¨v I-X-bpw- A-h-\v- t_m-[y-am-Ipw.-

(Ckvemw-`o-Xn-bp-sS-....... t]-Pv- 13Â \n-¶v- Xp-SÀ-¨-)-


At]-£n-¨v Ckvemw kmaq-lnI ku cn-{X-]-c-amtbm, Bi-b-]-c-amtbm, GsX- W-XI - Ä.- Hcp kaqlw Hcp s]mXp aÞ-
lmÀZ-¯n-sâbpw am\-hn-I-amb DÄ¡m- ¦nepw \nebv-¡v Ckvemw C¯cw Hch- e-¯nsâ Dd¡w sImSp¯p¶ Zpxi-àn-
gvN-bp-sSbpw Imcy-¯n Gsd ap¶n«v Ø-bp-sS cq]o-Ic- W - ¯- n ]¦m-fn-bmIp- bm-bn- A[x]-Xn-¡W - s- a¶ AXoh \nIr-
\n¡p-¶Xn\m kaq-li - m-ào-Ic- W- - ¶nà F¶-Xm-W-\p-`-hw. sshIm-cn-Iam jvS-amb B{K-l-s¯bm Wv Ckvemw
¯n\v D]m-[n-bm-¡m-hp¶ At\Iw b ZuÀ_-ey-§-sfbpw hnNm-c-§-sfbpw `oXn-bpsS X¯-z-imkv{Xw {]Xn-\n-[o-I-
Bib taJ-eI - Ä AXnsâ A´x-k¯ - - B{i-b¨ - p-sImw­v Ime-t¯mSpw kaq l- cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Nn{Xo-I-c-W-§ fpw Ir{Xna
bpsS `mK-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv ImWmw. \ncp- t¯mSpw {]Xn-tem-a-]-c-ambn kwh-Zn-¡p- hnhcW§fpw sIm­v km [y-am-Ip¶
¯-c-hm-Z-]-c-amb ]cn-IÂ]-\-I-fn \n ¶Xv Zqc-hym-]I - a- mb Zpc-´§- Ä¡n-Sb- m- aen- \ o- I - c - W w, I]S {]Xyb- i m-
¶v hn«p\n¡m-\pÅ Pm{KX ]peÀ¯p- ¡p-¶-Xm-sW¶p Xncn-¨-dn-tb-­-Xp-­v. kv{X§fpsS Zpcp-]-m-b-§sf¡qSn Hcp
I-bmWv GsXmcp hn`m-K-¯n\pw C¶v hÀKo-b-Xbpw lnwkbpw ssItImÀ kaq- l - ¯ nsâ s]mXp- h n- I m- c - a m¡n
Ic-Wo-ba- m-bXv. ¡p¶ Hcp kao-]\- ¯ - neqsSbmWv C´y- hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡p-hm³ NneÀ {]I-Sn-¸n-
bn Ckvemw`oXn-bpsS X¯-zi - mkv{Xw ¡p¶ XmÂ]cyw CsXm-s¡-bmWv Ckv
Ckvemans\ Hcp hn`mKw `oXn-tbm- Gsd-¡m-e-ambn hnX-cWw sN ¿-s¸-«p-
sS ho£n¡p¶p F¶ kml-N-cy-¯n sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶X - v. CXn \n¶p Å D]- emw `oXn-bpsS C´y³ {]h-W-X-Isf
sâ cq]o-I-c-W-¯n Ckvemw F{X-am- e-_v[n-I-fmWv A[n-Im-c-cm-jv{So-b-¯n- hfsc \ntj-[m-ß-I-ambn apt¶m«v Nen-
{Xw D¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-taÂt¡-­-Xp­v te¡pw kmaq-lnI inYn-eo-I-c-W-¯n- ¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶Xv F¶v ImWmw.
F¶-XmWv asäm-c-t\z-jW hnj-bw. N te¡pw hgn-sbm-cp-¡p¶ At\Iw {]h-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 33
k-aÀ-¸W
- ¯
- n-s³-d- cm-P]- m-Xb- n-te-¡v-
B-ßo- b- a- m-b- sh-fn¨- w- tX-Sn- A-eb- p-Ib- pw- H-Sp-hnÂ- C-ke-v mans- ³-d- im-Zz-e- Xoc¯n-
te-¡v- h-s¶-¯p-Ib- pw- sN-bXv- - ]m-iNv- m-Xy-cm-b- Ip-sd- h-\nX- I- f- p-sS- A-\p-`h- §- Ä-
hn-h-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv- -A-h-cnÂ- s]-«- H-cm-fmb- \m-C-a- _n.- tdm-_À-«v.-

hn-hm-l-¯n-sâ- a-dp-]p-dw-
\m-C-a- _n.- tdm-_À-«v-

A§s\ \n§Ä hnhmlnXcmbn. ChnsS \n§Ä


c­]cnNnXÀ BZyambn X\n¨mWv. B {]Ya Zn\
cm{X§fnse eÖsb, {]Xo£IfpsS ]co£Wmß-
Iamb XpSn¸pIsfÿkhnkvXcw {]Xn]mZn¡m\mIp-¶
\akvI
- mcw, {hXmNcWw, aX]T\w, ]ÅnIfnÂ
hà amÀKhpapt­m? "\hh[p¡fpsS XpSn¸pIÄ'
kw_Ôn¡Â, kI-m¯v (\nÀ_ÔZm\w) \ÂI F¶Xv C¶v ]mÝmXyÀ¡nSbn ]camÀY¯nÂ
XpS§n Hcmcm[\bn \n¶p-wÿkv{Xo A\yamWv F¶Xn\m Ckv-e-manI Z¼Xy¯nsâ
{]mcw` Zn\§Ä Is­¯epIfpsSbpw DXvIWvTI
Hgnhm¡s¸«n«nÃ.- KÀ`[mcWw, BÀ¯hw,
fpsSbpw hnkvab§fpsSbpw A\p-`h\nÀ`c thfIfm
{]khm\´c cà{kmhw t]mepÅ imcocnI bncn¡p-w;- am\kn-Iambpw sshImcnIambpw imcocn
{]iv\§Ä D­mIp-t¼mgÃmsX kv{Xo taÂ-]d
- ª
- - Iambpw ]ckv]cw Adnbm³ XpS§p¶ c­v hyàn
]-eX
- nÂ- \n-¶pw- Hgnhm¡s¸Sp-¶p-an-Ã. ]pcp-js\
Xz§fmbncn¡p-w \n§Ä.ÿ
\n§Ä `À¯mhpsam¯v IgnbpI F¶XmWv km
t¸mse km[yamIp-whn[w aXw ]Tn¡p-I,
[mcW ]XnhpÅXv. ]ckv]cw ]¦nSms\mcp- ]pXnb
\akvImc§fn IrXyX ]peÀ¯pI, kXykÔX hoSv I­¯p¶Xphsc Cu AhØ XpScp-I F¶Xv
]men¡p-I, kÂ-IÀa-§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡p-I
Akm[mcWamb H¶Ã. an¡ \hZ¼XnIÄ¡p-w B
"A\p{KloX Ime L«w' XnI¨pw hnkvabIcamWv.
XpS§nb ISaIfn ]pcp-j\n \n¶p-w AhÄ¡v
`mcy þ `À¯mhv F¶Xnep]cn "B¬þs]¬ N§mXn
hyXykvXamsbmcp- AfhptIm CÃ.- amsc' t]mse \n§Ä¡v CSs]Smhp¶XmWv. ImcWw
\n§Ä¡nãapÅsXÃmw H¶n¨v \nÀhln¡mhp
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 34
¶XmWv. F¶m Hmtcmc-p-¯sSbpw kz´amb taJeI ]X\¯n\v' ImcWw AhfmtWm Asæn ss]imNnI
fnte¡-p-w _Ôs¸« D¯chmZn¯§fnte¡pw AXn{I XbpsS ]mc¼cyapÅXn\m ]m]nbmIm³ kZm km[yX
an¨v IS¡mhXÃ. ]ckv]cw ]cnNbs¸Sm³, IrXyambn bpÅhftà XpS§nb NÀ¨ÿCkv-e-man Hcn¡Â t]mep
a\Ênem¡m³, Npän¡d§m³, "Zn\§Ä' ¡\p-kcn¨v anÃ. A[nIt]cp-w t_m[hm·mcÃm¯ Hcp- hnjbamWn
Nen¡m³, bphanY-p\§fmIm³ DÅ kabamWnXv-þ sX¦nepw F\n¡nXv hfsc BizmkZmbIambWv.ÿÿ
kt´mj \nÀ`camb Is­s¯epIfpsS thf. Ckv-e-man Bßobambn kv{Xoþ]pcp-j·mÀ Xpeycm
C-kv-emw- BtÇjnXÀ F¶ \nebv-¡v F\n¡p-w Iq«p sW¦nepw,- AhÀ¡v hyXykvXamb kmaqlnI [Àa-§fpw
ImcnIÄ¡p-w R§fpsS \n-co-£W§fn-eqsS a\Ênem hn`n¶amb ISaIfpamWvÿ\nÀh-ln¡m\p-ÅXv. Bb
¡m\mbXv CkvemanI Zm¼Xy¯n AhImi§fpw Xn\m Nnet¸msgÃmw AhÀ¡v hyXykvXamb AhIm
D¯chmZn¯§fpw D­v F¶mWv. Ah ssZht{]mà i§fmWv \ÂIs¸«ncn¡p-¶Xv. Ck-e-v m- anI Zm¼Xy ¯nÂ
§fmbXpsIm­pXs¶ kKuchw ]cnKWn¡s¸tS­ kv{Xobn \n¶p-w XnI¨pw hyXncnàamb ISa bpw
hbmWv. BbXn\m F{]ImcapÅ CS]mSpIfmWv D¯chmZn¯hpamWv ]pcp-j\p-ÅXv. CXÀY-am¡p-¶Xv
\ap¡nXnÂ- A\p-hÀ¯n¡m\p-ÅXv F-¶v- ]-cn-tim-[n-¡mw.- `m-cybpsSbpw `À¯mhnsâbpw AhImi§Ä Ah
Zm¼Xy¯nse ISaIfpw AhImi§fpw \ndthäs¸Sp¶ coXnimkv{X¯n Hmtcmcp-¯À¡p-w
AÃmlphnsâ I®n kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\p-w Xpeycm \nÀhln¡m\p-Å ]¦v hy-Xy-kv-XamsW¶mWv.
sW¶p-Å bmYmÀY-yw ]cnKWn¡s¸Sp¶nà F¦n IS CkvemanI \nbam\p-kmcw Hmtcm kv{Xo¡p-w kz´w
aIsfbpw AhImi§sfbpw Ip-dn¨pÅ NÀ¨IsfÃmw kz¯nepw k¼¯nepw \nba]camb hyànXz¯nepap
\ncÀY-IamWv. Ahcp-sS kÂ-IÀa-§Ä¡p-Å {]Xn^e Å AhImi§Ä¡v ]pdsa `mcy F¶ \nebv-¡v am\y
hpw Xn·IÄ¡p-Å in£bpw XpeyamWv. AsX, {]hmN amb klhÀ¯n¯w, Bhiy§fpsS ]cn]me\w, `£
Isâ-(e)- ]Xv\namcnsemcmfmb D½pkea(t) A-t±l Ww, hkv{Xw,- Xmakw F¶nh `À¯mhn\m \ÂIs¸Sp
t¯mSv AÃmlp F´psIm­mWv JpÀB\n ]pcpj I XpS§nbhbpw AhImi§fn DÄs¸Sp¶p-. imcocnI
·msc am{Xw ]cmaÀ-in¡p-¶sX¶v tNmZn¨t¸mgmWv Cu _Ôw ]peÀ¯s¸SpIbpw Ip-«nIfp­mIp-Ibpw sN¿pI
kq-àw- AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xv:ÿÿÿ F¶Xpw A{]Imcw Xs¶. Krl]cn]me\hpw k´m\
""]pcpj\mIs«, kv{XobmIs« \n§fn \n¶pw {]h ]cn]me\hpw AhfpsS D¯chmZn¯amWv. A´y\mfn
À¯n¡p¶ HcmfpsSbpw {]hÀ¯\w Rm³ \njv^eam  AtX¡p-dn¨v AÃmlphn\m AhÄ tNmZyw sN¿
¡pIbnÃ. \n§fn Hmtcm hn`mKhpw aäp hn`mK¯n s¸Sp¶XmWv.
\n¶v DÂ`hn¨hcmIp¶p''- (3: 195).- Ckv-e-man Hmtcm kwL¯n\p-w Hcp- t\XrXzap­v,
IqSmsX Cu hN\hpw: ""(AÃmlphn\v-) Iogvs]Sp¶ kv{Xobmbmepw ]pcp-j\mbmepw. HcmÄ¡v asämcmfpsS
hcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;- hnizmknIfmb ]pcp kwc£W _m[yXbp­mbncn¡p-w. Hcp- cm{ã¯nemI
j³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;- `IvXnbpÅhcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, s«, ]ÅnbnemIs«, ho«nemIs«. B t\Xmhv aäwK§
kv{XoIÄ;- kXykÔcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;- fpambn Iq«mb NÀ¨¡v \nÀtZ-in¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p-. Ah
£amioecmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;-hn\oXcmb ]pcp km\ Xocp-am\saSpt¡­Xv Ahtfm AtXm Aht\m
j³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;- Zm\w sN¿p¶hcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, BWv. B-cmbncp-¶mepw AhcXns\¡p-dn¨v AÃmlpthmSv
kv{XoIÄ;- {hXa\pjvTn¡p¶hcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{Xo adp]Sn ]dtb­Xp­v. DZmlcWambn, Hcp- I¨hSw
IÄ;- X§fpsS Kplymhbh§Ä Im¯pkq£n¡p¶h \S¯p¶ kv{Xo AhfpsS sXmgnemfnItfmSpÅ s]cp-
cmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ;- [mcmfambn AÃmlpsh amäs¯ kw_Ôn¨pw, I¨hS¯nse kXykÔX, icn
HmÀan¡p¶hcmb ]pcpj³amÀ, kv{XoIÄ þ ChÀ¡v bmb [\hn\ntbmKw F¶nhsb¡pdn¨psaÃmw D¯cw
XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp ]m]tamN\hpw al¯mb {]Xn ]dtb­nhcp-w.ÿ
^ehpw Hcp¡nsh¨ncn¡p¶p''- (33: 35).- Ckv-e-manI Ip-Spw_w `À¯mhnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ
\akv-Imcw, {hXmNcWw, aX]T\w, ]ÅnIfn kw XmWv. Ip-Spw_mwK§fpsS Bßobhpw imcocnIhpw
_Ôn¡Â, kI-m¯v(\nÀ_ÔZm\w) \ÂI XpS§n km¼¯n-Ihpamb ØnXnbpsS ]cn]me\¯n AZznXo
Hcmcm[\bn \n¶p-wÿkv{Xo Hgnhm¡s¸«n«nÃ.- KÀ` b\mb c£m[nImcnbà AbmÄ F¦nepw ]cn]qÀW-amb
[mcWw, BÀ¯hw, {]khm\´c cà{kmhw t]mepÅ D¯chmZn¯w Abmf-n \n£n]vXamWv. AbmftX¡p-
imcocnI {]iv\§Ä D­mIp-t¼mgÃmsX kv{Xo taÂ-]d- - dn¨v tNmZyw sN¿s¸SpIbpw sN¿pw.
ª- ]-e-XnÂ- \n-¶pw- Hgnhm¡s¸Sp-¶p-an-Ã. ]pcp-js\ `£Ww, hkv{X§Ä hr¯ntbmsS \ÂIs¸SpI
t¸mse km[yamIp-whn[w aXw ]Tn¡p-I, \akvImc§ XpS§nb Xsâ ho«nse AhImi§Ä ]cnc£n¡s¸Sp
fn IrXyX ]peÀ¯pI, kXykÔX ]men¡p-I, kÂ- I F¶Xv `À¯mhn\v e`nt¡­ AhImiamWv. `mcy
IÀa-§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡p-I XpS§nb ISaIfn ]pcp-j\n bpsS C¯cw NpaXeIÄ Hc-p- ]g©³ GÀ¸mSmbmWv
\n¶p-w AhÄ¡v hyXykvXamsbmcp- AfhptIm CÃ. F\n¡v tXm¶nbncp-¶Xv. F¶m C¡me¯v "kv{Xo
a-äp- ]-e- hnizmk§fn \n¶p-w ZÀ-i-\-§-fn -\n-¶-pw- theIÄ' F¶v CIgv¯s¸Sp¶ Ch, Ckv-e-manI `qanI
hyXykvXambn kv{Xo¡v Bßmhpt­m, "]pcp-jsâ bnÂ, Rm³ hfÀ¯s¸« H¶n \n¶p-w XnI¨pw hyXy
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 35
in¡p-I, \o Cãs¸Sp¶ IhmS¯neqsS'' (AlvaZpw Xz
_v-dm\nbpw D²-cn¨ lZoYv)-.
icocw ad¨ Hcp- kv{Xobpambn \S¶p- AÃmlphnsâ Cu- {]Jym]\s¯ F\n¡vÿkZm kva
t]mIp-¶ XmSnsh¨ ]pcp-jsâ cq]w cnt¡­Xp­v:ÿÿ
ASn¨aÀ¯ensâbpw IosgmXp§ ""F¶m Hcp Imcyw \n§Ä shdp¡pIbpw (bYmÀY
¯nÂ) AXv \n§Ä¡v KpWIcambncn¡pIbpw sN¿mw.
ensâbpw A-S-ebm-f-am-b-n- ]-e-cpw- \n§sfmcp Imcyw CjvSs¸SpIbpw (bYmÀXvY¯nÂ)
ImWpw.-""F\n¡p-d¸p­v, AbmÄ AXv \n§Ä¡Xv tZmjIcambncn¡pIbpw sNbvsX¶pw h cmw.
Ahsf _eambn [cn¸n¨Xp Xs¶bm AÃmlp Adnbp¶p. \n§Ä Adnbp¶nÃ''- (2: 216).-
Wv''- F-¶p- ]-d-bpw.- Ahsf§m\p-w kXykÔambn AÃmlpsh `bs¸Sp¶, sNdnb G
Im[n]Xnsbt¸mse Ccp-¼p apãnbm hoSp `cn¡m¯h
AbmfpsS ]pdInemWv \S¡p-¶sX¦n \p-amb `À¯mhns\ In«pI F¶Xv hfsc {]-bm-k-I-cam
]-dbpw:- ""t\m¡q, AbmÄ- Ahsf b H¶msW¶p-w Rm³ Xncn¨dnªp.ÿÿÿ
]ndsIbmWv \S¯p¶Xv. AsX, ]¯Sn Fsâ {`m´amb bphXzw,ÿbmsXmcp-hn[ hnhctZmj
]n¶nÂ!''.- §fpw A\p-hZn¡p-Ibnà F¶ XmÂ-]cyw Fsâ `À¯m
hmIm³ t]mIp-¶ hyàn Adnªn«p­v F¶v Dd¸phcp-
¯nbncp-¶p-. kZm BÚm]-n¡s¸SpI,- A[nImc kzc
apbÀ¯s¸SpI F¶Xv Rm\njSs¸«nÃ. At±lw
kvXamsW¶v XmaknbmsX DÄs¡mÅm-³ F\n¡p- A¯csamcp- kz`mh¯nsâ em©\ t]mepw Hcn¡epw
Ignªp. `À¯m-hns\bpw Ip-Spw_s¯bpw ]cn]men¡p- ImWn¡p-Ibnà F¦nepw Hcp- `mKy ]co£W¯n\v Rm
¶ kv{XoXzamWv hoSns\ kam[m\¯nsâbpw im´n ³ Hcp-¡aÃmbncp-¶p-. Fsâ kwkmc¯nseÃmw Rm\Xv
bpsSbpw kzÀK-am¡p-¶Xv, ]pdwtemIs¯ {]bmk§fn kqNn¸n¨psIm­ncn¶p-.- Hcp- Znhkw "\o Dt±in¡p-¶
 \n¶p-w kzmKXmÀlamb thZnbm¡p-¶Xv. Xs¶ kwc sX´v F¶v- Rm³ a\Ênem¡p-¶p-' F¶t±lw ]dbp
£n¡p-¶Xn\v `À¯mhv {]Xn^emÀl\mIp-¶Xpt]mse ¶Xp hsc.
`ÀXr]cnNcW¯n\v kv{Xobpw {]Xn^emÀlbmWv.- AXp aÀZ-I\pw- aÀZ-nX\pw-
sIm­pXs¶ Ckv-e-manse Cu IÀa-§fn A]IÀj
Xmt_m[¯n\v H«pw {]kànbnÃ;- hninjym ISaIÄ icocw ad¨ Hcp- kv{Xobpambn \S¶p-t]mIp-¶ XmSn
btYmNnXw IrXyamb Dt±iyt¯msS \nÀhln¡s¸ sh¨ ]pcp-jsâ cq]w ASn¨aÀ¯ensâbpw IosgmXp§
Spt¼mÄ. Fsâ \ymbhnNmcw C§s\bmbncp-¶p: Fsâ ensâbpw A-S-ebm-f-am-b-n- ]-e-cpw- Im-Wpw.-""F\n¡p-d¸p
FÃm Bhiy§fpw B{Kl§fpw \ndthäm³ ]Ie ­v, AbmÄ AXv Ahsf _eambn [cn¸n¨Xp Xs¶bm
´ntbmfw ]pd¯pt]mbn tPmensN¿p¶ ]mhw a\p-jy\v Wv''- F-¶p- ]-db
- pw.- Ahsf§m\p-w AbmfpsS ]pdInemWv
ho«nse¯pt¼mtg¡p-w Bhiyam-b `£Wsamcp-¡p-I \S¡p-¶sX¦n ]-dbpw:- ""t\m¡q, AbmÄ- Ahsf ]nd
F¶Xv C{X henb ImcyamtWm? A-Xn-epw- h-epX-tÃ- sIbmWv \S¯p¶Xv. AsX, ]¯Sn ]n¶nÂ!''.- Ahsf
\a-p¡v th-­n-bp-Å- A-h-cp-sS- A-[-zm-\w?- §m\p-w km[\§Ä hln¡p-Ibpw AbmÄ Ip-«nsb
F¶m `À¯mhn\v asämcp- AhImiw IqSnbp­v;- FSp¯ncn¡p-IbpamsW¦nÂ: ""Hcp- IgpXsbt¸msebtÃ
`mcy FÃm \·Ifnepw, icoA¯n\v hncp-²amIm¯ AbmÄ AhtfmSv s]cp-amdp¶Xv!''.- adn¨v AbmÄ km[
kIe Imcy§f-nepw `À¯mhns\ A\p-kcnt¡­Xp­v. \§fpw AhÄ Ip-«nsbbpamWv Npa¡p-¶sX¦n ""Ah
Äs¡mcp- CSthft]mepw In«p¶nÃ, k´mt\mZv-]mZ\w
A\p-kcn¡p-Itbm? F§s\bpÅ A\p-kcWw? Hcp- am{XamWv Chfp-sS ]Wn''F - ¶mIp-w. Fs´mc{][m\amb
Ip-«nsbt¸msetbm? Hcp- Iogmfs\t¸msetbm? ASnasb {]hr¯nbmIs«, BfpIÄ Ahcp-sS ap³hn[nIsf Øn
t¸msesbm? ""hnhml ti-jw- \nsâ `À¯mhns\ A\p- coIcn¡p-w hn[w AXns\ hymJm\n¡pw-.
kcn¡p-¶hfmIWw \o .....''- F¶v "tabn'-tbmSv ]dª ¢mc ]dªXpt]mseþ ""P\§Ä hnizkn¡p-¶Xv
Hc½ F\n¡p-­mbncp-¶nÃ. Ckv-e-man ]pcp-j\mWv kÀh-m[nImcn F¶mWv. apkv-
A¯csamcp- D]tZiw Hcn¡Â t]mepw F\n¡v e`n e-nw kv{Xo¡v A`n{]mb kzmX{´yanÃ, AhÄ shdpw
¨nÃ, Rm-\Xm{Kln¨XpanÃ. \nÝbambpw Adntb­nbn BÚm\p-hÀ¯n am{Xw. AhÄ¡v kz´amb Bib
cp-¶ Imcy§sf kw_Ôn¨v XnI¨pw A]cnNnXbmbncp- §tfm, ]²XnItfm,ÿkz´amsbmcp- PohnXw Xs¶tbm
¶p- Rm³. CÃ F¶mWhcp-sS [mcW''.-
""Hcp- kv{Xo Znt\\ A©pt\cw \akvIcn¡p-Ibpw IhnÄXS§Ä¡p-Ån _eh¯mb \m¡p-­¦nÂ
daZm\n t\m¼\p-jvTn¡p-Ibpw `À¯mhns\ A\p- am{Xw ]dbm³ Ignbp¶ Cu hm¡p-IÄ kncIfneqsS
kcn¡p-Ibpw AhfpsS ]mXn{hXyw kwc£n¡p-Ibpw sI«nIv(Celtic) hn¹h càtamSp¶ Hcp- ktlmZ
sNbvXm AhtfmSv ]dbs¸Spw: "kzÀK-¯nte¡v {]th cnbpsS hmbn \n¶p-XnÀ¶XmWv. F¶mÂ, hnhml¯n
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 36
sâ AhImi§Ä¡p-w ISaIÄ¡p-a¸pdw hmkvXh¯n {]Wbs¯¡p-dn¨pÅ ImgvN¸mSns\¡p-dn¨v Rm³
Hcp- PohnXapt­m? ktlmZcnamtcmSv tNmZn¡p-Ibp­mbn. Hcp- apkve- n- whnhm-
AhImi§Ä¡p-a¸pdwÿÿÿÿÿ l¯n AXv \ne\n¡p-¶p-t­m? apkv-e-nw ]pcpj·m
Ckv-e-manI Zm¼Xysa¶Xv AhImi§Ä¡pw D¯ À¡v AtX¡p-dn¨v F´dnbmw? ssee Ft¶mSv ]dªp:
chmZn¯§Ä¡p-a¸pdw {]hnimeamWv. Ah AXnsâ ""\nÝbambpw {]Wbap­v. F´mWv {]Wb eoeIÄ
aqe X¯-z§Ä am{XamWv. kXy¯nÂ, kvt\l¯nsâ F¶v \n§Ä¡v ImWn¨psImSp¡mw, F§s\ irwK
bpw {]Wb¯nsâbpw ]qhnSp¶ kulrZ§fpsSbpw cn¡mw F¶v \n§Ä¡t±ls¯ ]Tn¸n¡mw'-'.-
FÃmw ap³t] {]Xnjv-T-nt¡­Xv AhImi§fmWv. Hcp- ]mÝmXy ]Ým¯e¯n \n¶p-w h¶ BtÇjnX
]t£,- kvt\lakvXan¨v \mtfsd sN¶mepw HSphn cmbXn\m R§fpsS,- {]Wbw F¶ Bibw XnI¨pw
t]mtI­Xv AXmWv. aäv kwkv-Imc§fnsebpw aX§ ]mÝmXyamWv þ ]q¡Ä, tNm¡teäpIÄ, kpKÔ{Zhy
fnsebpw sshhmlnIw t]mse, ISaIÄ¡p-w IS¸mSp §Ä...- Xp-S-§n-b- hkvXp¡Ä. asäm-¶pw- h-neaXn¡p¶h
IÄ¡p-w A¸pd¯v Hcp- kzÀK-w InS¸p­v. apkve- nwIÄ¡n bÃ. kmd¡p-w CtX Bibambncp-¶p- D­mbncp-¶Xv.
Sbnse kvt\l¯n\v amÀKtcJ XoÀ¡p-¶Xpw hmÀs¯ hnhmlw {]Wbs¯¡p-dn¨pÅ AhfpsS Nn´IfpsS
Sp¡s¸Sp¶Xpw icoA¯psIm­mWv. ]t£, AXv ]p\Àhn-Nn´\¯n\v Hcp- tlXphmIp-Ibmbncp-¶p-: ""]Sn
atäXns\¡mfpw arZ-pehpw a[pchpw kvt\l\nÀ`chpam ªmd³ kwkvImcw A¯cw {]Wb {]IS\§sfbmWv
Wv.- {]hmNI³(e) ]dªp: ""D¯a\mb kXyhnizmkn t{]mÕmln¸n¡p-¶Xv''.- AhÄ XpSÀ¶p-:- ""\n§fXv sSen
DÂIrã kzm`mh¯n\p-Sabmbncn¡p-w. Ahcn Gä hnj\n ImWpw.- kwKoX¯n tIÄ¡pw.- Hcp khnti
hpap¯a³ Ahcp-sS kv{XoItfmSv \à \nebn hÀ¯n jamb {]Wbw. F¶m (Hcp- ]mÝmXy\Ãm¯ ]pcp-
¡p¶h\-mWv'-'.- j³) AXpambn CS]gIm¯, Ahcp-sS kwkvImc¯nÂ
\nt¶m am-Xm]nXm¡fn \nt¶m A¯cw Hcp- DZml
K\n¿x- Ft¶mSv ]dªp: ""CltemI¯nsâ Imcy cWw t]mepw I­n«nÃm¯hcmWv Ahsc¦nÂ, Ahc
¯n `À¯mhv Fsâ kwc£I\mWv, Gähpw \à kp tX¡p-dn¨v AÚcmbn¡p-w. At¸mÄ \n§fhÀ¡Xv
lr¯mWv,ÿD]tZiI\mWv.- {]XnkÔnIfn F\n¡v ]cnNbs¸Spt¯­n hcp-w''.-
NÀ¨sNbvXp ]Tn¡m³, kwkmcn¡m³ DÅh³....... At¸mÄ km-wkv-ImcnI BLmXhpambn Ahsf§
\½Ä \½psS Iq«pImcnIsft¸mse Znhk¯nsâ Hcp- s\ s]mcp-¯s¸«ncn¡mw?
`mKw kz´w Imcy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¡p-¶Xn sNdp¸¯nte hnhn[ kwkvImc§fpambn ]cnNbap
k´pãcmsW¦nepw \½psS `À¯mhv Gähpw \à Åhfmbncp-¶p- Rm³. AXpsIm­p Xs¶ Zm¼Xy¯n
Iq«pImc³ Xs¶bmWv. AÃmlp \s½ A\p-{Kln te¡v {]thin¡sh Nne kwkvImc]camb A`n{]mb
¨ncn¡p-¶p- F¶Xn\m `À¯mhv A\p-t]£Wob³ hyXymk¯n\p-Å km[yX Rm³ a\Ênem¡nbncp-¶p-.
Xs¶sb¶v \madnbp¶p''.-ÿÿ DZmlcWambn, F\ns¡mcp- jqkv hm§n¯-¶mÂ
F¶m t_Kw ]dªp:ÿÿÿÿÿÿ At±lw Gsd kt´mjhm\mbncn¡p-w. kvt\lw {]ISn
""Fsâ `À¯mhns\¡p-dn¨v F\n¡v ]dbm\p-ÅXv, ¸n¡m\p-Å At±l¯nsâ coXnbmWXv. F¶m Rm³
AhÀ Xmen_m\n \n¶p-w ]pd¯phn«hs\t¸mse t{]a {]IS\s¯ ]mÝmXy³ ssienbnemWv ImWp-¶Xvþ
F¶mWv. ImgvN¡v At±lw icnbmb Hcp B^vKm³Im ]q¡Ä ImWp-t¼m \n§sfs¶ HmÀ¡Ww!''
scs\t¸msebmWv! F¶mÂ, `qapJs¯ÿGähpw am\y adnIS¡m\mIm¯ Hcp- {]Xn_Ôambn I­ncp-¶p-
\p-w At§b-äw kvt\lapÅh\p-w hnkvabn¸n¡p-¶ sh¦nepw, Ckv-e-manI Zm¼Xysa¶Xv `À¯mhns\ A\p-
hyànXzhpamWv At±lw.- amim AÃmlv. GhÀ¡p-w kcn¡p-¶, Krl\mY\mbn ]cnKWn¡p-¶ hninãamsbm
AXpt]msemcp- `À¯mhns\ In«nsb¦n F¶v- Rm\m cp- BibamsW¶Xn\v km£nbmIp-h-m\p-w A\p-`hkm
in¡p-¶p...''- £yamIp-hm\p-w F\n¡v Ignªp. Cu _Ôw kvt\l
Hcp-ÿapkv-e-nw `À¯mhv kv{XoIfpsS tPmensb kw_ ¯nsâbpw kpc£nXXz¯nsâbpw, klhÀ¯n¯¯n
Ôn¨pÅ Xsâ [mcWbv-¡p-]cnbmbn Zpc`nam\nbpw sâbpw kXykÔXbpsSbpw CgtNcemWv. Hcp t\Xm
AI¶p-\n¡p-¶h\p-ambncncn-¡p-tam F¶v Rm³ hnsâ kap¶Xamb ]mc¼cy¯nÂ;- `À¯m¡·mÀ `mcy
Nn´n¨ncp-¶p-sh¦n icnbmb, BZcWob\mb apkv-enw amsc, Ahcp-sS A`n{]mb§sf, hnImc§sf _lpam
]pcp-j³ kzbw hn\oX\mIp-¶Xntem Xsâ I¿n \n¨pw- ]ckv]cw klmbn¨pw klIcn¨pw Po-hn-Xw- \-
Nfn]pcfp¶Xntem `bmi¦bpÅh\mInà F¶v a\ bn-¨p.-
Ênem¡m-³ Ignbpambncp-¶p-! km{µ Ft¶mSv ]dªXp A§s\,- Hcp- apkv-e-nw `À¯mhv GsXmcp- t\Xmhn
t]mse ""KÀ`nWnbmbncns¡ F\n¡v O-ÀZ-n ]Xnhmbncp- s\bpw t]msebmbncn¡psa¶v Rm³ a\Ênem¡n. Abm
¶p-. Fsâ `À¯mhv XnIª klhÀ¯n¯apÅh\m Ä ZpÀhr¯\msW¦n Xsâ ]Zhnsb ZpÀhn\ntbmKn
bncp-¶p-. Hcn¡epw At±l¯n\Xv Ad¸pfhm¡nbnÃ''. ¡p-hm³ Ignbp¶sX´pw {]hÀ¯n¡p-w. F¶m Abm
AsX A§s\bmWv th­Xv, B cwK¯v AhÀ klh sfmcp- \Ã t\XmhmWv F¦nÂ, AÃmlpsh kvt\ln¡p-
¯n¯apÅhcmhp-I Xs¶ thWw!ÿÿ Ibpw `bs¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶h\mWv F¦nÂ, `mcy
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 37
banÃm¯, XmÂ-]cy§tfm {]hÀ¯t\mt±iy§tfm
CÃm¯ Hcp- kv{XobpsS ]pdw tXmSv.ÿÿÿ
]mÝmXy temI¯ ssewKnIX Hcp-I¨hS F¶mÂ, \mw a\Ênem¡nbXpt]mse, "sÌ]vt^mUv
Nc¡mWv.- ]ckyamb hn]W\w!- `mcym'- hyànXz¯nse Nne Xe§Ä \½Ä apkv-e-nw
]cky¡mÀ AXp]bpàam¡p-¶p.- `mcyam-À¡v t{]mÕmlP\Iamwhn[w A\p-IcWmßI
]m«pImctX¡p-dn¨v ]mSp¶p.- kn\nam¡mÀ §fmsW¶v ImWmw.- \½psS `À¯m¡·msc A\p-kcn
¡p-I, Ahscbpw \½psS Ip-«nIsfbpw \Ãh®w ]cnN
AXns\ Ne¨n{Xam¡p-¶p.- A`nt\Xm cn¡p-I, Ip-Spw_w ]cn]men¡p-I, kzbw \s½ ]cnc£n
¡Ä AX`n\bn¡p-¶p.- a\x-imkv{XÚÀ- ¡p-Ibpw `wKntbmsS ImWs¸SpIbpw sN¿pI. AsX
AXns\ ]T\ hnt[bam¡p-¶p.- s¶ C§s\ tNmZn¡m³ t{]cn¸n¨p: "kXy¯n D¯a
bmb Hcp-ÿapkve- n- w `mcy icn¡p-samcp-ÿ"sÌ]vt^mUv `mcy'-
Fgp¯pImcXns\ cN\Ifm¡p-¶p.- Ghcp- Xs¶btÃ? AhfpsS Ip- « nItfmSpw hoSnt\mSpw
aXv hmbn¡p-¶p.- F¶m AhÀ `À¯mhnt\mSpapÅ (CtX {Iaw Xs¶ BIWsa¶nÃ)
AhImis¸Sp¶ A{Xbpw BÀ¡p-aXv BßmÀ¸W¯n D¯abmb apkv-e-nw `mcy "sÌ]vt^m
Uv `mcy'-amtcmSv FXncmIp-¶nà F¶Xv hmkvXhatÃ?
e`n¡p-¶p-anÃ! CXmWv Xpd¶ ssewKnIX AhÄ hoSn\p- ]pd¯pt]mbn tPmensN¿p¶nà F¦nÂ,
\ne\nÂ-¡p-¶ Hcp- kaql¯nsâ A-h-kv-Y-!- Krl]cn]me\w, ]mNIw, hr¯nbm¡epw Ae¦cn¡
epw, AXpt]mse Xs¶ÿinip ]cnemf\bpw Ahtcm
B{Kln¡p-¶,- A`nejn¡p-¶ `À¯mhmbncn¡p-w Abm sSm¸apÅ Ifnbpw A[yb\hpsaÃmambn Ht«sd kab
Ä.- Abmsf´mIWsa¶v AÃmlp \njIÀjn¡p-¶p-thm hpw DuÀP-hpw AhÄ¡v sNehmt¡­Xp­v. F´mbm
AXmbncn¡p-w AbmÄ! epw,ÿKrl]cn]me\w F¶Xv apkv-e-nw kv{XobpsS \ne
A§s\, henb Bß]cntim[\¡pw Xo{h]cn \nÂ]n\p-Å Hcp-ÿImcWaÃ. Xsâ c£nXmhns\ Bcm
{ia¯n\p-samSphnÂ, AÃmlp F¶n \n¶p-w Bhiy [n¡p-hm\mbn krãn¡s¸« AhÄ¡v AXv AhfpsS
s¸Sp¶ {]hÀ¯\¯n\p-w Fsâ kzXz kwc£W¯n\pw ho«ptPmenIfneqsS t\SnsbSp¡p- h m³ Ignbp¶
CSbn Hcp- k´penXm-hØ Rm³ Is­¯n. `À¯m tXmsSm¸w AhfpsS krãn¸nsâ Dt±iyw ]qÀ¯oIcn
hnsâ XmÂ-]cy§Ä¡\p-kcn¨v HcmÚm\p-hÀ¯nbm ¡m\p-XIp-¶ AkwJyw amÀK-§Ä thsdbpap­v.
Im³ IÂ-]n¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p- F¦nepw,ÿFsâ Nn´IÄ At¸mÄ, F\ns¡t¶mSpXs¶ tNmZnt¡­Xp­v þ Hm
Xpd¶p-]dbm³, kzbw {][ntcm[n¡m³ Hcp- hmbsIm tcm ]pcp-j\p-w FÃm cm{XnIfnepw ho«nse¯m\nãs¸Sp
­v A\p-{Kln¡s¸«hÄ IqSnbmWv Rm³. GIm[n]Xy ¶Xv Hcp- Xnf¡amÀ¶ ho«nte¡v, NqSpÅ `£W¯n
s¯ {]Xntcm[n¡m\p-Å c£mIhNsat¶mWw a-Xt- _m- \v, kpµcnbmb `mcybnte¡v, k´pãcpw CW¡amÀ¶
[-hpw- Ccp-¼papãnsIm­v Ip-Spw_-w `cn¡m³ {ian ¡p- hcp-amb Ip-«nIfnte¡p-ambncn-¡p-tam? FÃm cm{Xnbnep
¶Xn\¸pdw AÃmlpsh `bs¸Sp¶ Hcp- ]pcp-j\pw. ansænepw, AsXmcp-]t£,- t¢iIcamImw, Npcp-§nbXv
hÃt¸mgpsa¦nepw? \nÝbambpw, Xsâ XamiIsf
b{´a\p-jycm¡s¸Sp¶ `mcyamÀ lmkyambn¯-s¶ ImWp-¶, Ahfnãs¸Spt¼mÄ "\s½
Fsâ hnhml¯n\v GXm\p-w hÀj§Ä¡v ap³ ]än' kwkmcn¡p-¶,ÿAhfmhiys¸Sp¶Xv hm§ns¡m
]mWv Stepford Wife sâ bYmÀY- ]Xn¸v ImWm\nSbm Sp¡p-¶þ Hcp-ÿ"sÌ]vt^mUv `À¯mhv'- Ft´ AhÄ¡pw-
bXv. F¶neXv sNep¯nb kzm-[o\w Ct¸mgpw Rmt\m -th­XtÃ? th­ F¶p-]dbp¶ Hcp kv{Xosb F\n
À¡p-¶p-.- hÃm¯ `-bmi¦bnembn Rm³. kXy¯n s¡m¶p- ImWn¨p Xcq!ÿÿ
AXmtWm ]pcp-j·mÀ¡v th­Xv?ÿRm³ Iq«pImcnI Xsâ CWsb Hcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybm¡n amäm³
tfmSv tNmZn¨p;- Fsâ `À¯mhv km[ysa¦n Fs¶ B{Kln¡p-¶ ]pcp-j·mÀ apkvenwIfnepw AapkvenwI
ho«nse Hcp-ÿtdmt_m«m¡n amäptam? FÃm ]pcp-j·mcpw, fnepap­v F¶Xn kwibtaXpanÃ.ÿ
kzImcyambn, Xsâ `À¯mhnsâ kwXr]vXamb apJw AhÄÿN]ebpw Ffp¸¯n hioIcn¡mhp¶h fpw
at\mlcambn an\p-ks¸Sp¯nb \new t]mse ImW IWniX XoscbnÃm¯hfpambncn¡p-w þ "bYmÀY-
s¸Sp¶Xv Gähpw henb kt´mjambn I­v Xsâ ]mS kv{XoXzw' CÃm¯hfmbncn¡p-w. F¶mÂÿA[nI ]pcp
hhpw hyànXzhpw B hnt[bXz¯n\mbn kaÀ¸n¡p- j·mcp-w ChscbmWv hyÀY-ambn {`an¨pt]mIp-¶Xv.
¶,- XyPn¡p-¶ÿHcp- `mcysbbmWv k¦Â-]n- ¡p-¶Xv F¶ kXy¯n an¡ ]pcp-j·mÀ¡p-w Hcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `mcy
Bibw Fs¶ achn¸n¨p Ifªp. Hcnkv - e m- a nI F¶m c­mgvN¡Iw X§sf a\w aSp¸n¡p-¶hcmWv
`mcymþ`ÀXr_Ô¯nse icn sXäpIsf kw_Ôn¨pÅ F¶XmWnXn\p-ÿImcWw.
aÂ- ] n- S p¯¯nteÀs¸« Ncn{XapÅXn\m Fsâ
AkzØX a\Ênem¡mhp¶XmWv. lmPÀ ]dbs«: ""Fsâ `À¯mhv ]IzaXnbpw Bi
Stepford Wife s\ Hcp- ]pdwtXmSmbmWv F\n¡v b§Ä NÀ¨sN¿m³ Ignbp¶, Xs¶ IrXyamb hgnbn
ImWm\mbXv. kz´amsbmcp- hyànXzanÃm¯, A`n{]m eqsS \S¡m³ \nÀ_Ôn¡p-¶hfpamb Hcp- `mcysb
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 38
At\zjn¨psIm­mWv ]pds¸«Xv''.-- ­pXs¶, hnZymk¼¶IfÃmXncp-¶,- F\n¡dnbmhp¶
ià\p-w BßhnizmkapÅh\p-amb apkvenw ]pcp- Ht«sdÿktlmZcnamÀ Kl\amb ]T\§fn GÀs¸Sp
j³ÿ`mcybn \n¶p-w Nne BÚm\p-hÀ¯\§sf Ibp­mbnþ BZyw aX]cambpw ]n¶oSv AXÃmsXbpw.
bpw, AanXemf\Isfbpw, NqSpÅ `£W§sfbpw XmÂ- hnZymk¼mZ\¯n AhÀ Xm ]cyhpw DÄ¡mgvNbpw
]cys¸Sp¶tXmsSm¸w Hcp-JZoPsbtbm BC-isbtbm hfÀ¯n. CXv \n§Ä¡v sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybn ImWm
B{Kln¡p-¶h³ IqSnbmWv. {]hmNIs³d- `mcyamcmb ³ IgnbpIbnÃ.""ÿÿ
Cu c­v al\ob kv{Xo hyànXz§Ä hnizmknIfqsS \nÝbambpw BßhnizmkapÅ kXykÔ\mb
amXm¡fn s]«hcp-w D¯akv{XoIfn s]«hcp-amWv. Hcp-ÿapkv-e-nw ]pcp-j³ {]hmNI(e)\-m t{]mÕmln¸n
Hcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `mcy F¶ \nebv-¡p-Å apkv-e-nw ¡s¸«n«pÅXv iàbpw \oXn\njvTbpÅhfpamb Hcp-
`mcybpsS DZm¯hpw iàhpamb amXrI F\n¡hcn kv{Xosb hnhmlw Ign¨v hmÕeyt¯msS ]peÀ¯phm
Is­¯m³ Ignªp. Xsâ kmÀY-hmlI kwL§fp \mWv. A§s\ AhÄ¡bmtfmsSm¯p ]Tn¡mw, At±
sS X-e-h-\mbn ap-l-½-Zn-s\-(e) tPmen¡v \nban¨ Ahn ls¯ ]Tn¸n¡mw, AÃmlpsh A\p-kcn¡p-hm³ HmÀan
Sps¯¡mÄ {]mbap­mbncp-¶ Hcp-ÿD¯abmb hÀ¯ ¸n¡p-Ibpw klmbn¡p-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm­v ]ctemI
Ibmbncp-¶p- JZoP. kXykÔ\p-w ITn\m[zm\nbpam hnjb§fn ]n´pW¡mw.
sW¶v I­ AhÀ At±lt¯mSv Xs¶ hnhmlw Ign sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybpsS Nne hi§Ä apkv-e-nw `mcy
¡p-hm³ Bhiys¸SpIbmbncp-¶p-. ]ns¶, \_n(e) amÀ F¶ \nebv-¡v ssIs¡mÅm³ ]cn{ian¡p-t¼mÄ
BZyambn Znhyshfn]mSp­mbt¸mÄ Bcp-sS ASpt¯ Xs¶ Zo³ \s½ _p²niq\ybmb Hcp- b{´hXvIrX
¡mbncp-¶p- At±lw HmSnt¸mbXv? JZoPbpsS!- BZyam Ip-Spw_ hnZKv[-bmIm³ \nÀ_Ôn¡p-¶nà F¶v \mw
bn Ckv-emw- kzoIcn¡pIbpw AÃmlphnsâ ZqX\n a\Ênemt¡­Xp­v. Npcp-¡¯n Hcp-ÿD-¯a apkv-enw
hnizkn¡p-Ibpw sNbvXXv Bcmbncp-¶p-? JZoP!- {]hm- `mcy Hcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybà Xs¶ þ \nÝbambpw,
NIs\- hÀJ¯nsâ ASpt¯¡v sIm­p t]mbXv Bcm AhÄs¡mcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `À¯mhns\ e`n¡p-¶ km
bncp-¶p-? JZoP!- hnt[bXz¯neqsS b{´hXvIcn¡s¸« lNcyw D­mIm¯nSt¯mfw!
Hcp- sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybà CXv. A-Xp-am-{Xw- ]dbcp-Xv!-
]ns¶ AXm BC-i(t)-!- ]WvTnX, Ihbn{Xn.- X\n F¶m Ft´m H¶nhnsS hn«pt]mbn«p­v F¶Xv
s¡Xnsc {]Ncn¸n¡s¸« Btcm]W¯ns\Xncmbn Xsâ Dd¸mWv. \mw Ckv-e-manI hnhmlw hniZambn NÀ¨ sN-
]mXn{hXyw AÃmlp shfns¸Sp¯nbt¸mÄ {]hm ¿pIbp­mbn þ ISaIÄ, KpW§Ä, NpaXeIÄ, {]W
NI(e)t\m-Sv- \µn]dbm³ hnk½Xn¨v ]Icw AÃmlphn bwþ F¶n«pw \manXphsc ssewKnIsXsb¡p-dn¨v kw
t\mSv \µn ]dªÀ-!- Ahct±lhpambn ]´bw sh¨p.-- kmcn¨nÃ!
aÕc¯n ]cmP-bs¸Sp¯n. At±ls¯ ipWvTn]nSn ]mÝmXy temI¯ ssewKnIX Hcp-ÿI¨hS Nc¡m
¸n¨p.- A§s\, X\nt¡ähpw {]nb¦cn Bsc¶v {]hmN Wv.- ]ckyamb hn]W\w!- hn¡epw hm§epw-!- ]cky
I-t\mSv tNmZn¨m aSnIqSmsX AhnSp¶v ]dbpambncp- ¡mÀ AXp]bpàam¡p-¶p.- ]m«pImctX¡p-dn¨v ]mSp
¶p-: "BC-i'.ÿ ¶p.- kn\nam¡mÀ AXns\ Ne¨n{Xam¡p-¶p.- A`nt\Xm
c­pXcw `mcyamÀ¡nSbnse \nÀW-mbImb hyXym ¡Ä AX`n\bn¡p-¶p.- a\x-imkv{XÚÀ- AXns\ ]T\
kw AXnep­v. sÌ]vt^mUv `mcy kz´amsbmcp hyàn hnt[bam¡p-¶p.- Fgp¯pImcXns\ cN\Ifm¡p-¶p.-
XzanÃm¯hn[w Bkq{XWw sN¿s¸«hfmWv. Hcp- apkv- Ghcp-aXv hmbn¡p-¶p.- F¶m AhÀ AhImis¸Sp¶
e-nw `mcybn \n¶p-w A§s\sbm¶v {]Xo£n¡s¸Sm A{Xbpw BÀ¡p-aXv e`n¡p-¶p-anÃ! CXmWv Xpd¶
\p-XIp-¶ bmsXmcp- kqN\bpw Ckv-e-manI {]amW§fn ssewKnIX \ne\nÂ-¡p-¶ Hcp-ÿkaql¯nsâ A´x-
sehnsSbpw tcJs¸Sp¯s¸«n«nÃ. {]hmNI ]Xv\namcp- kmcw.
sSbpw kv{Xo klNmcnIfp-sSbpw kz`mh sshPmXy Bsc¦nepw _lpP\ am[ya-§sf hnizkn¡p-¶p-
§Ä B bmY-mÀY-y¯nsâ ]hn{X tcJIfmWv. sh¦nÂ, AhnsS hne¡p-IfpsSsbm, hÀP-y§fp-sSsbm,
am{XaÃ, apkvenw kv{Xo Xsâ Zo³ ]Tn¡p-hm\p-w Acp-XmbvaIfpsSsbm, eÖbpsSsbm Hcp- `mhw t]mepw
hnZymk¼¶bmIp-h-m\p-w Xsâbpw aäpÅhcp-sSbpw A- AhnsS ImWm\mInà þ [mÀa-nIXbpsS ]cn]qÀW- \njv-
hImi§sf¡p-dn¨v t_m[hXnbmIp-h-m\p-w t{]mÕmln Imk\amWhnsS \SamSp¶Xv. Hcn¡ep-a-hnsS, \ÃXm
¡s¸«hfmWv. AhImi§sf kw_Ôn¨pÅ Cu Is«, No¯bmIs«, aXhpw kwkvImchpw Ip-Spw_hpw
Adnhv Ah ewL-n¡s¸Sp¶Xns\ sNdp¡m\p-Å Bß kaqlhpw a\p-jysâ ssewKnI tNãIsf \nb{´n¨nÃ.
hnizmkw AhÄ¡v \ÂIpw-. CXv sÌ]vt^mUv `mcybpsS Ct¸mghnsS iq\yX am{XamWp-ÅXv. B iq-\yXbnem
Bkq{XW¯n DÄs¸Sp¶nÃ.ÿÿÿ Is« hyhkmb¯nsâbpw aqe[\ ssewKnI hnÂ-]-\bp
lmPÀ ]dªp: ""apkv-e-nw `mcy `À¯mhns\bpw Ip- sSbpw XmÂ-]cy§Ä ap³s]mcn¡epanÃm¯hn[w
«nIsfbpw hoSns\bpw ]cnNcn¡m³ t{]mÕmln¡s¸« \nd¡s¸«psIm­ncn¡p-IbmWv.ÿCu ImeL«¯nÂ
hfmsW¦nepw, AhfpsS ]T\¯n\p-w hnZym`ymk¯n\pw am[ya AwKoImcw t\Sm\mIm¯ H¶v inip ssewKnIX
henb Du¶Â Xs¶bmWv \ÂIs¸«n«pÅXv. AXpsIm am{XamWv F¶mWv hyàamIp-¶Xv. F¶mesXmgn
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 39
[\mIÀa-w Btb¡mw. AXv BtcmKyIchpw KpWIchpw
F-¶mÂ- apkv-e-nwIÄ ssewKnI imcocnIm\µhpw kµmt\mÂ-]mZ\ amÀK-hpw apkv-e-nw
hnjb¯n [Àa-\njv-T-bpÅhcmW.-v kaql¯nsâÿhwihÀ[-\hn\p-Å HtcÀ]mSpamWv. am\
h kaqlw XmÂ-]cys¸Sp¶ H¶mWXv F¶Xn\m eÖ
apkv-e-nw kv{XoIÄ icocw ad¡p¶p.- h¨p ]peÀt¯­p¶ Hcm{Klaà AXv. F´mbncp-¶m
kzX {´amb CS]gIÂ AhÀ A\p- epw, AÃmlp \s½ krãn¡p-¶ amÀKamWXv. B B{K
hZn¡p-¶nÃ.- ]pcpj·mcpw- k-v-{Xo-I-fpw- ls¯ km£mXvI - cnt¡­Xv AÃmlp \nÝbn¨ ]cn[n-
-bn \n¶p-sIm­mbncn¡Wsa¶v apkv-e-nwIÄ A\p-
Ahcp-sS ZrãnIÄ Xmgvt¯­Xp­v.- imkn¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p-. ssewKn-ImkzmZ\w F¶Xv ssh
am {XaÃ, X§fpsS ssewKnIXsb¡p- hmlnI ]Ým¯e¯n BkzZnt¡­ H¶msW¶mWv
dn¨pÅ ]ckyamb NÀ¨t]mepw CXÀY-am¡p-¶Xv. JpÀB\n AÃmlp ]dbp¶p-:ÿÿ
iàamb ssienbn ""\n§fpsS `mcyamÀ \n§fpsS IrjnbnSamIp¶p.
AXn\m \n§Ä CNvOn¡pw hn[w \n§Ä¡v \n§
hne¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p. -At¸mÄ fpsS IrjnbnS¯n sNÃmhp¶XmWv. \n§fpsS \³a
ssewKnIXsb¡p-dn¨v Ckvemw bv¡v th­Xv \n§Ä ap³Iq«n sNbvXp sht¡­Xp
amWv''-(2: 223).-
IrXyambn ]Tn¸n¡p-¶Xv F´mWv? sshhmlnI _Ô¯n Z¼XnamÀ B\µw ]¦p-sh
AXv eÖmIchpw hr¯nsI«Xpw ¡p¶ hnjb¯n Nne AXnÀ hc¼pIfp­v. KpZt`mKw
k´m-t\mÂ-]mZ\¯n\mbn {]tXyIw Acp-Xv F¶Xpw BÀ¯h thfbnÂÿssewKnI _Ôw
amänsh¡-s¸«Xpam-tWm?- ]mSnà F¶Xpw Cu AXncp-Ifn s]Sp¶p-. kv{Xo¡pw
]pcp-j\p-w cXnkpJamkzZn¡p-hm³ Hcp-t]mse Ah
Imiap­v F¶XpsIm­p Xs¶ ]ckv]cw kvt\l \nÀ
sIÿt{]mÕmln¡s¸SpItbm, AwKoIcn¡s¸SpItbm `camsbmcp-_Ôw \ne\nÀ¯m\mWv AhÀ A\p-im
Npcp-§nbXv kaqlw CSw\ÂIp-Itbm sN¿m¯Xmbn kn¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶Xv. kv{XotbmSv AhfpsS ]gb "F\n
Fs´mcp- ssewKnI tNãbmWp-ÅXv? AÇoe Nn{X cN\ ¡v XethZ\bmWv' F¶-Å coXn Hgnhm¡n Xs¶ kao
IÄ apX {]IrXnhncp-² cXn hsc, kwLcXn apX ]n¡p-¶ `À¯mhn\v Ignbpw hn[w hg§p¶hfmIm³
{IqcXbpw Bß\nIrãoIcWhpw tNÀ¶ ssewKnI iàambn D]tZin¡s¸«n«p­v. taml`wKw h¶ Hcp
am\kn-ImhØ hsc A`ncp-Nn¡\p-kcn¨vÿhnf¼p¶ B ]pcp-j³ kzX{´ BkzmZ\ km[yXbpÅ Hcp- hnime
ImenI§fpw Nn{XoIcW§fpw t]mcmsX sseKnI hnÂ- kaql¯n krãnt¨¡mhp¶ hn]coX ^es¯
]-\imeIÄ hsc ChnsSbp­v.ÿÿ Nn´mhnjbam¡p-¶ HcmÄ¡v CXnse hnkvXrXamb
F-¶mÂ- apkve- n- wIÄ ssewKnI hnjb¯n [Àa-\njv- AÀY- Xe§sf Is­¯m³ Ignbpw. `À¯mhnsâ Imcy
T-bpÅhcmW.-v apkv-e-nw kv{XoIÄ icocw ad¡p¶p.- kzX ¯n At±lw cXn]qÀh-{IoU-IÄ \S¯phm\p-w `mcy
{´amb CS]gIÂ AhÀ A\p-hZn¡p-¶nÃ.- ]pcpj·m kwXr]vXbmtWm F¶p-d¸phcp-¯phm\p-w D]tZin¡
cpw- k-v-{Xo-I-fpw- Ahcp-sS ZrãnIÄ Xmgvt¯­Xp­v.- am s¸«ncn¡p-¶p.- `mcybpsS \nÀhrXn ]qÀ¯oIcn¡s¸Sp
{XaÃ, X§fpsS ssewKnIXsb¡p-dn¨pÅ ]ckyamb ¶p-thm F¶p-d¸mt¡­Xp­v F¶Xn\m AhfpsS
NÀ¨t]mepw iàamb ssienbn hne¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p.- k½X{]ImcaÃmsX enwKw ]n³hen¡mhXÃþ ssewKn
-At¸mÄ ssewKnIXsb¡p-dn¨v Ckv-e-mw IrXyambn ]Tn Iambn AkwXr]vXcmb kv{XoIÄ kaql¯n Ip-d
¸n¡p-¶Xv F´mWv? AXv eÖmIchpw hr¯nsI«Xpw ª A]ISImcnIfÃ! alm·mcmb ]qÀhIme ]Þn
k´m-t\mÂ-]mZ\¯n\mbn {]tXyIw amänsh¡-s¸«Xpam- XcnsemcmfmbÿC_v\p-Jpssk-a ]dªXv- hmkvXham
tWm?- Wv: ""kpcX¯n\v ap¼-v ]pcp-j³ Xsâ `mcysb kvt\l
AÃ. Ckv-e-mw ssewKnIXsb c­p hyànXz§fpsS ]qÀh-w XtemSphm\p-w Npw_n¡p-hm\p-w \nÀtZ-in¡s¸«n
kvt\l¯nsâbpw ssa{XnbpsSbpw BhnjvImcambn«m cn¡p-¶Xv Ahsf Dt¯Pn¸n¡-p-hm\p-w ssewKnI _Ô
Wv ]cnKWn¡p-¶Xv. ChnsS apk-v-e-nwIÄ F´v A\p- ¯n kam\amb BkzmZ\w AhÄ¡v e`yam¡m\p-w
hÀ¯n¡p-¶p- F¶Xnte¡Ã Ckv-e-man\v F´mWv th­nbmWv.....AYhm AhÄ¡v ap¼v- AbmÄ¡v cXn
]dbm\p-ÅXv F¶Xnte¡mWv {i² tI{µoIcnt¡­Xv. aqÀ¨ D­mIp-¶p-sh¦n AhÄ¡p-aXv kw`hn¡p-¶
Nne apkv-e-nwIÄ ssewKnIXsb kw_Ôn¨v kZm eÖ Xphsc enwKw FSp¡p-hm³ ]mSpÅXÃ.... ImcWw AX
bpÅhcmsW¦n C-kv-emw- apkv-e-nwItfmSv ssIs¡m hsf t\mhn¡p-Ibpw AhfpsS B{Kl k^eoIcW
Åm³ XmÂ-]cys¸Sp¶ \ne]msS´v F¶XmWv {]m[m ¯n\v XSÊamIp-Ibpw sN¿pw''.-ÿÿ
\yaÀln¡p-¶Xv. kXy¯nÂ, {]hmNI-s³d- Ime¯pXs¶ apkv-enw
lZoYv {KÙ§f\p-kcn¨v icnbmb Dt±iyt¯msS IÄ¡nSbn ssewKnIX NÀ¨ sN¿s¸«ncp-¶p;- B-tcm-
\nÀh-ln¡s¸Sp¶p-sh¦n ssewKnI _Ôw Hcp- Bcm Ky-]-c-am-b- NÀ-¨-þ cXn LS\IÄ apX kz]v\kvJe\w
hscbpÅ hn-j-b-§-fnÂ-.- ]e sXän²mcWIsfbpw AI
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 40
äns¡m­v {]hmNI³(e) hy-à-am-b- D¯camWv FÃm kulrZ§Ä, GIcm{Xn- \ne]mSpIÄ, A`nkmcnImkµ
bvt]mgpw \ÂInbXv.ÿ Ài\w, AanXt`mKhpw ZoÀLIme CS]mSpIfpw F¶n
AXn\mÂ, ssew-KnI-XtbmSpÅ apkv-e-nw kao]\w §s\ an¡ kaql§fpw hntijn¸n¡p-¶ kIeXpw
hfsc efnXamWv.- AXv {]IrXnZ¯am-b- Hcp- kwKXn CXn\p-ZmlcW§fmWv. ss\kÀKnIamb _lp`mcyXz
bmWv. c­pt]À¡nSbnse ssewKnIX F¶Xv ASp¸amÀ {]IrXnsImt­m, kmaqlnI {Iaw sImt­m, \nÝbam
¶Xpw kzImcyambXpamb HtcÀ]mSmWv.ÿkzImcy hr¯ bpw C§s\ tXm¶mhp¶XmWv.- an¡ kv{XoIÄ¡p-w CXv
XnÂ, hnhml_Ô¯nepÅ H¶mWXv;- s]mXpthZnbn a\Ênem¡m³ Ignbnà F¦nepw, ]pcp-j·mÀ ssewKnI
epÅXÃ.ÿ ambn IqSpXÂ ap³]´nbnemWp-ÅXv. ssPh]camb
_-lp-`m-cy-Xzw-ÿ
{]Xn`mk§Ä (BÀ¯hw, KÀ`[mcWw, {]khw, ape
sImSp¡Â, k¦oÀW-amb D²-mcW coXnbpw ]nSnIn«m¯
hnhml tijw GXm­v c­pamkw Ignªt¸mÄ cXnaqÀ¨bpw) Xosc {]iv\amIm¯XpsIm­pamImw AhÀ
asämcp-ÿ`mcysb kzoIcn¡p-¶Xns\¡p-dn¨v `À¯mhnt\m kvt\ln¡p-¶ kv{Xo¡p-ÿ]pdsa aäpÅhcp-ambn ssewKnI
Sv tNmZn¡m³ F\n¡v XmÂ]cyap­mbn. Fsâ `À¯m _Ô¯nteÀs¸Sp¶Xns\ ]cnKWn¡m³ ]pcp-j·mÀ
hns\ kvt\ln¡m¯XpsIm­mbncp-¶nà AXv. hnhm IqSpX XÂ-]cc-mIp-¶Xv.
l¯nsâ B {]mcw` amk§fn {]tXyIns¨mcp- Xnc¡p- Ckv-e-manI \-nbakwlnXþ ico-A¯vþ ]pcp-j {]Ir
anÃmsX At±ls¯ am{Xw Hmtcm \nanjhpw I­pI XnbpsS Cu Xes¯, A§s\sbm¶nà F¶ I]S
gnbpIbmbncp-¶p- F¶Xn\m Rm³ Fsâ kz´w Iq«m \mSy¯n\v ]Icw, Xncn¨dnbpIbpw ]pcp-jsâ ssew-KnI
fnsb, kzImcyXsb kvt\ln¡m³ XpS§nbncp-¶p.- tNmZ\Isf kw_Ôn¨v Hcp- D¯chmZn¯-w GsäSp¡m
]Xnhmbn h¶ncp-¶ Iq«pImcp-sam¯v sNehgn¡m³ km ³ Ahs\ \nÀ_Ôn¡p-w hn[w N«¡qSv XoÀ¡pIbpam
[n¨ncp-¶ thfIsf Rmt\sd Xmtemen¨p. thÀ]mSn\p Wv sNbvXncn¡p-¶Xv. JpÀB\n AÃmlp kv{XobpsS
tijw ho­pw At±ls¯ I­pap«p¶ lÀj ]pfIn AhImi§Ä hnhml¯neqsS {]mamWoIcn¨Xv Ah
Xamb cwKs¯ Rm\mkzZn¨pþAXv R§fpsS _Ô BZy`mcy¡v am{XapÅ Hs¶¶ \nebv-¡Ã,- adn¨v kl
¯n\v IqSpX ]pXpa \ÂIn. F¶m IqSpX {]m[m If{X§Ä¡v IqSnbpÅXm-sW-¶-s{X. Ckv-e-manI
\yaÀln¨Xv Rm³ ]cnNbs¸«v hfsc ASp¸w t\Snb \nba{]Imcw Hcp-ÿ]pcp-j\v kv{Xosb \nba]camb DS
Hcp-ÿktlmZcnbpsS Imcyambncp-¶p-.- Fsâ `À¯mhnsâ ¼Sn IqSmsX "BkzZn¡m³' km[yaÃ. AbmÄ AhfpsS
AhfpambpÅ hnhmlw Ahsf B\µn¸n¡-ps- a¶v kXy Ip-Spw_s¯tbm, c£IÀ¯m¡sf-tbm kao]n¡p-Ibpw
kÔambn Rm³ hnizkn¨p. AhÄ¡mbn Rm\nãs¸ Ahcm A-t\z-jn-¡s¸SpIbpw thWw. AhÄ¡bmÄ
«Xv AXmbncp-¶p.- AÃmlphn\p- th­n Rm\hsf kvt\ salÀ- (kv{Xo[\w) \ÂIWw, X§fpsS hnhml _Ôw
ln¨Xn\m Ahfpambn Fsâ `À¯mhns\ "]¦nSm³' ]ckys¸Sp¯Ww, AhfpsS PohnX kwc£Ww Gsä
Rm³ (Npcp-§nbXv am\knIambn) Xb-msdSp¯p. F¶m Sp¡Ww, Ip-«nIfpsS ]nXrXzw AwKoIcn¡p-Ibpw AhÄ
 Fsâ `À¯mhn\Xn XmÂ-]cyap­mbncp-¶nÃ. ]n AbmfpsS kz¯nsâ AhIminIfn Hcmfmbn¯ocp-
s¶ R§sfmcp-an¨v PohnXw XpS§nbt¸mÄ B Bibw Ibpw thWw. IqSmsXÿ\mep `mcyamcn A[nIw ]mSnÃ
Fsâ a\Ên \n¶I¶p-t]mbn. F¶m B ]Zhntbm F¶p-w ]pcp-j\v ]cn[n \nÀW-bn¡s¸«n«p­v. B `mcy
Spw kmtlmZcy kvt\lt¯mSpapÅÿB XmÂ-]c- yw F\n amÀ kam\amb coXnbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Sp¶hcpw ]cn]m
s¡mcn¡epw ad¡m\mIp-¶ H¶Ã.ÿ en¡s¸Sp¶hcp-w shtÆsd ]mÀ¸n¡s¸Sm³ Ah Imi
Hcp- ]t£, Gähpw ZpÊlambn a\Ênem¡s¸Sp¶ apÅhcp-w Hcp-t]mse kabhpw {i²bpw e`n¡m³ AÀl
Ckve- m- ansâ Cu XeamIp-tam Nne kv{XoIfpsS bXmÀY- XbpÅhcp-w Htc AhØ \ÂIs¸Sp¶hcp-wÿIp-«nI
kzmX{´yambn amdp¶Xv?ÿ_lp`mcyXzw F¶Xv apkv- tfhcp-w \nbam\p-kmcw AbmfpsS A\´cmhImin
enwIÄ¡p-w Aapkv-e-nw-IÄ¡p-anSbn Hcp t]mse Dul Ifmbn AwKoIcn¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶ AhØbmWp-
§fpw sXän²m-cWIfpw ISp¯ kvtXm`§fpw \nd¡ ÅXv. \½psS kaql¯nse Hcp- sh¸m«nbnte¡p-w Ah
s¸« Hcp- hnjbamWv. F´mbn¶mepw, _lp`mcyXzw fpsS k´m\¯nte¡p-apÅÿHcp- {ZpXho£Ww t]mepw
Hcp- "Ckv-e-manIm[ym]\w' am{Xaà F¶ Xncn¨dnhv hnhmtlXc _Ôhpw c­mw hnhmlh-pw X½nepÅ _r
hnkvabP\I-amb H¶mbn«mWv ]e ]mÝmXycnte¡pw l¯mb hyXymks¯ Adnbn¨p Xcm³ ]cym]vXamWv.
IS¶p-h¶Xv. H¶ne[nIw `mcyamsc kzoIcn¡p-I F¶ c­mw `mcybpw BZy`mcysbt¸mse kIe \nebv-¡p-w
Xv temI¯nse ]e kapZmb§fnsebpw ]pcp-j·mÀ¡n Xpeybmbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Spt¼mÄ, `qcn`mKw sh¸m«nI
Sbn am{Xw t{]mÕmln¡s¸«ncp-¶ H¶Ã. Ncn{X]cam fpw Ahcp-sS a¡fpw Hcn¡epw AwKoIcn¡s¸Sm¯
bn _-lp`m-cyXzw PqXþ{InkvXym\nIÄ¡nSbn \ne\n AhØbnemWp-ÅXv.
¶ncp-¶, {]hmNIcp-w Ahcp-sS ]n³KmanIfpw Hcp-t]mse ]ng¨p­mbhsc¶v ]cnNbs¸Sp¯s¸Sp¶ Cu Ip-
A\p-hÀ¯n¨Xpamb ImcyamWv. C¡me¯pw, ]e kaq «nIÄ¡v kvIqfnse bphPt\mÕhZn\¯ntem ImbnI
l§fnepw, \mw kXykÔambn ]dªmÂ, \½psS Zn\¯ntem X§fpsS ]nXmhns\ Hcn¡epw e`n¡p-¶nÃ.
Xs¶ kaql¯nepw "A\utZymKnI _lp`mcyXzw' AhÀ¡v AhImi§tfXpanÃ, AbmÄ¡hcp-sStaÂ
hym]IamWv. IogS¡m\p-Å A`nemj§Ä, ssewKnI bmsXmcp-ÿD¯chmZn¯hpanà þ AhÀ shdpw "hr¯nsI
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 41
AÛpXIchpw k¼qÀW-hpamb Hcp- apl½Zv ZrV kzc¯nemWXv ]dªXv:- ""`À¯mhv At±
l¯nsâ `mcyamÀ¡nSbn kabw sNehnSpt¼mÄ
Øm]\am-Wv Zm¼Xysa¦nepw AhÀ¡v X§fpsS Ip-«nIÄ¡mbpw kz´¯n\mbpw [m
aqeyh¯mb asä´n\p-sa¶t]mse cmfw kabw e`n¡p-¶p-. am{Xaà X§fpsS c£nXmhn\p-
AXn\p-w ]co£W¯nsâbpw th­n AhÀ¡v kabw In«p¶p- F¶Xv AXn {]m[m\y
apÅ ImcyamWv. `À¯mhnÃm-¯ Ahkc§fn kv{Xo
]cntim[\bpsSbpw Hcp- `mKap­v. Ckv- IÄ¡v Jp-ÀB³ ]mcmbWw sN¿m\p-w Ckv-e-manI hn
e-manI Zm¼Xyhpw CXc Zm¼Xy _Ô Úm\¯nsâ tS¸pIÄ tIÄ¡m\p-w Ahcp-sS ]T\¡p-
§fptSXn\v kam\amb {]iv\§fn dn¸pIÄ kam[m\t¯msS hmbn¨pt\m¡p-hm\p-w kabw
e`n¡pw''.--
te¡v {]thin¡mw. hyàn]camb Akok ]dªp: ""GI ]Xv\nbà F¶Xn Rm³
Gäpap«epIÄ, ]ckv]cm\p- k´pãbmWv. FsâXmb \nanj§sf Rm\nãs¸Sp-¶p.-
tamZ\¯nse ]cmP-bw, Bbmk§Ä, Ct¸mgn§s\ F\ns¡sâXmb thfIfp­v. `À¯mhv
km¼¯nI ]cm[o\XIÄ t]mepÅ aäv XncnsIsb¯pt¼m At±lsas¶ A\p-tamZn¡pw-.
Fs¶¡mWp-hm³ At±ltasd XÂ-]c\mWv''.-ÿ
hnjb§fpw D­mImw. CWIÄ Hcp- klIf{X¯n\v \ÂIm³ Ignbp¶ ]n´pWbm
]ckv]cw AhImi§Ä Wv _lp`mcy-Xz¯nsâ asämcp-ÿKpWIcamb `mKambn
hIsh¨psImSp¡p-¶Xn hcp-¯p¶ ktlmZcnamÀ ]dªXv. _rl¯mb Ip-Spw_anÃm¯,-
hogvNIÄ, Bßobambn ZpÀ_ecmb Asæn AhÀ kao]¯mbn CÃm¯ Øe§fnÂ
{]tXyIn¨pw.
Z¼XnIfmhp-Itbm Asæn Zo³ AXmWv Akok ]dªXv: ""`À¯mhnsâ kl`mcy
]qÀW-ambn hn«pt]mIp-I-tbm- sN-¿p-¶ bpw Rm\p-w hfsc ASp¸amWv.- R§Ä ]ckv]cw klm
AhØ F¶n§s\bp-Å- {]-iv-\-§-fp-ap- bnIfp-am-Wv.- AhÄ¡v ]pd¯pt]mtI­Xps­¦nÂ
­m-Imw-. Rm\p-w R§fpsS `À¯mhpw Ip-«nIsf t\m¡p-w. ]ckv
]cwÿ\ÃXpam{XamWv R§fm{Kln¨Xv''.-
« clky§Ä'. HcmÄ¡v sXmgntem ]T\tam Ds­¦n aäbmÄ Ip-
F¶mÂ, _lp`mcyXzsa¶Xv ]pcp-jsâ ImamXpcX «nIsf t\m¡nbpw, HcmÄ¡v kpJanà Asæn {]k
sb am\yambn \nb{´n¡m³ am{XapÅÿH¶msW¦nÂ, hn¨p InS¡p-¶p-ÿF¦n thsdmcmÄ ]mNIw sNbvXpw,
AXv kv{XoIÄ¡v F´v hmKvZm\amWv \ÂIp-¶Xv? JZoP H¶n¨v Zo³ ]Tn¨pw ]Tn¸n¨pwÿ`mcyamÀ¡v ]ckv]cw
(t)-bpsS acW tijw {]hmNI³(e) ]eXhW hnhm klmbn¡mw. \nÝbambpw, klIf{X§Ä¡v Ck-v-em
lnX\mbn. "Ip-amcnIfmb sh¸m«nIfm hebw sN¿s¸ anse ktlmZcnamsc¶ \nebv-¡v F¡mehpw \ne
« sImXnXocm¯ Hcp- ]uckvXy kp¯m³'- F¶ \ne \n¡p-¶ kulrZt¯msS, X§Ät¡mtcmcp-¯À¡pw
bv-¡p-Å Aapkv-e-nwIÄ¡nSbnse {]XnÑmb¡v hn] th­Xv H¶n¨p t\Sns¡m­v iàamb Hcp- Ip-Spw_w
coXambn \_n(e)bpsS `mcyamcne[nIhpw bp²m\´c ]Sp¯pbÀ¯m³ Ignbp¶ Ht«sd km[yXIfp­v.
hn[hIfpw hnhml apàIfpambncp-¶p-. NnescÃmw ap³ Akok ]dbs«: ""AhÄ Ckv-e-manse Fsâ ktlm
hnhml§fn Ip-«nIfpÅhcp-ambncp-¶p-. _lp`mcyXz ZcnbmWv. AXmWv Gähpw {]m[m\yaÀln¡p-¶Xv.- {]Ya
¯nsâ A[nIamcpw- a\Ênem¡nbn«nÃm¯ Hcp- Xew ]cnKW\obw Zo³ Xs¶bmWv' .-
Cu kp¶¯nep-­v. B hn[hIfpsS kpc£ Dd¸m¡p- Xsâ `À¯mhv asämcp- `mcysb kzoIcn¡m³ XmÂ-
¶-, hnhmlapàIÄ¡p-w {]mbambhÀ¡p-w Ahcp-sS aäv ]cys¸Sp¶p- F¶ Adnhv Ft¸mgpw A{X emLhapÅ
D¯chmZn¯ \nÀh-lWt¯msSm¸w, Hcp- hnhml¯n Xmbncn¡p-w F¶v ]dbm\mInÃ. hnImc§Ä Hcp Nqf¡«
eqsS kvt\lhpw kpc£bpw Is­¯m³ Ignbp¶p- F- t]mse \n§fn Bªp ]Xn¡p-w. ImcWw \n§fpsS
¶-Xm-WX - .v - \nÀW-mbI hnjbanXmWv;- \n§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯m
]T\¯ntem tPmenbntem hym]rXcmb kv{XoIÄ, fw AbmÄ \n§fpsSXmWv, At±ls¯ ]¦p-sh¡m³
Ip-Spw_hpw kplr¯p¡fpw PohnX¯n henb ]¦p \n§fnãs¸Sp¶p-anÃ. Cu cwK¯neqsS ]cn{itamÕpI
hln¡p-¶hcmbn«pÅhÀ, ]qÀh-_Ô¯n Ip«nIfpÅ XtbmsS IS¶p-t]mhp-I F¶Xv an¡ Z¼XnamÀ¡p-w
hÀ, kZm Hcp- ]pcp-jsâ ASp¸w BhiyanÃm¯,- kz´w Ffp¸ambncn¡bnÃ. am{Xaà ]ckv]c [mcWbnse¯m
kulrZs¯ Xmtemen¡p-¶ {]mbtadnb kv{XoIÄ XpS ³ Ignbm¯hÀ B Bibw ]msS Dt]£n¡p-Itbm
§n Nne {]tXyI kv{XoIsf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw _lp- Asæn hgn]ncnbpItbm sN¿pw. F¶m Cu cwK
`mcy-Xz k{¼Zmbw amXrIm]camwhn[w A\p-tbm Pysa¶v s¯ adnIS¡m³ Ignbp¶ Ht«sd t]cp-­v. Ahcp-sS
F\n¡v tXm¶nbn«p­v. Cuam\mWv AhscbXn\v Ignhpähcm¡p-¶Xv. At\Iw
"_lp`mcyXzw kv{XoIÄ¡v A\p-Kp-W-amWv', D½p Xo{h bXv\§Ä¡p-w t¢i§Ä¡p-samSphnemWv Ahc
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 42
Xnse¯nt¨cp-I. IqSmsX,ÿhyànIÄ F¶ \nebv-¡pw- apJoIcnt¡­nhcp-¶ shÃphnfnIfnepw £a ssIs¡m
Hcp- Ip-Spw_w F¶ \nebv¡
- p-w iàhpw _p²n]chpamb Åp¶hcmtI­Xp­v. £abp­m-hp-I F¶XpsIm­À
A\p-`h§Ä Xm­nbmWv AhchnsS F¯p¶Xv. Y-am¡p-¶Xv AÃmlphnsâ \nba]cn[n¡p-Ån \ne
_-lp`mcyXzw F¶Xv Hcp- \nÀ_Ô _m[yXbÃ. sImÅpIbpw \ncmibn Ah ewL-n¡s¸SmXncn¡p-
sFÑnIamb H¶mWXv,ÿXmXv]cym\p-kmcapÅ Hcp- Ibpw- hntZzjw aqetam {]XnImchmRvO sImt­m
sXscsªSp¸v. \nÀ_Ô]qÀh-w Hcmsf _lp`mcyXz \njn²§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡mXncn¡p-Ibp-am-Wv.-
¯nte¡v \bn¡p-hmt\m H¶p- am{Xambn \ne\nÀ¯p {]hmNI³ (e) apkv-enw- ]pcp-j·mtcmSn§s\ D]tZ
hmt\m km[yaÃ. an¡ kv{XoItfmSpw `mcysb¶ _lp in¡p-Ibp­mbn: " Hcp- hnizmknbmb ]pcp-j³ Hcp- hnizm
am\nX ]ZhnbmtWm AtXm A]am\nXamb sh¸m«n kn\nsb shdp¡mXncn¡s«; Ahfnse Hcp- kz`mhs¯
F¶ AhØtbmÿGXmWv sXscsªSp¡p-¶sX¶v tNm Ah\nãs¸Sp¶nà F¦n asämcp-ÿkz`mhs¯ Ah\n
Zn¡p-¶p-sh¦nÂÿklIf{Xw F¶ ]Zhn A\mbmkw ãs¸Sp¶XmWv' .-ÿ
hnPbw t\SpI Xs¶ sN¿pw.ÿÿÿÿ hyàambpw CXv Hcp- apkve- n- w kv{Xo¡p-w _m[IamWv.
Imcy§Ä hjfmIp-t¼mÄ.... \ma§s\ ]ckv]capÅ sXäpIp-ä§sf AhKWn¡p-
Zo³ ]T\¯nsâ XpS¡¯n R§Ä hnizkn¨ncp- hm\p-w ad¨psh¡p-h-m\p-w At\ym\yw hn«phogvN sN¿p-
¶Xv JpÀB\p-w kp¶¯pw apdpsI¸nSn¡p-thmfw FÃm h-m\p-wÿD]tZin¡s¸«ncn¡p-¶p-.ÿÿÿÿ
Zm¼Xy{]iv\§fpw CÃmsXbm¡mw F¶mbncp-¶p.- Zo³ AÃmlp ]dbp¶p-: ""GsXmcp P\Xbpw X§fpsS
FÃm Imcy§fnep-apÅ amÀK-ZÀi\w \ÂIp-¶p- F¶ kz´w \ne]mSpIfn amäw hcp¯p¶Xv hsc AÃmlp
Xn\m \mw B amÀK-\nÀtZ-i§tfmSv H«n\n¡p-¶p- AhcpsS kvYnXn¡v hyXymkw hcp¯pIbnÃ; XoÀ¨''-
sh¦n Hcn¡epw hgn]ng¡p-IbnÃ. F¶m PohnXw (13:11).-
kXy¯n A{X efnXaÃ. hfsc `IXcmb apkvenwI Cu Adnhvÿs]mSp¶s\ amäm³ Ignbp¶ H¶nte¡v
Ä¡nSbn t]mepw Zm¼Xy {]iv\§fp­v. NneXv XmÂ- þkz´¯nte¡v þ {i² tI{µoIcn¡m³ \s½ {]m]vX
ImenIhpw ]cnlcn¡mhp¶XpamsW¦n aäp NneXv cm¡p-¶p-.ÿ\½psS \nb{´W¯neÃm¯ H¶nte¡v AY-
Ømbnbmbhbs{X. hm- CXccp-sS kz`mh¯nte¡Ã .
{]iv\ ]cnlmcw \nÝbambpw Zm¼Xy {]iv\§Ä¡p-Å Gähpw \Ã
AÛpXIchpw k¼qÀW-hpamb Hcp- Øm]\am-Wv D]tZiw icoA¯v \ÂIp-¶Xv `mcymþ`À¯m¡·mtcmSv
Zm¼Xysa¦nepw aqeyh¯mb asä´n\p-sa¶t]mse Ahc-p-sS c£nXmhnte¡v XncnbpI F¶XmWv. ]et¸m
AXn\p-w ]co£W¯nsâbpw ]cntim[\bpsSbpw Hcp- gpw Nne {]XnkÔnItfmSv \mw {]XnIcn¡p-¶ coXn
`mKap­v. Ckv-e-manI Zm¼Xyhpw CXc Zm¼Xy _Ô Cam³ Ip-dªpt]mbXnsâ, hnizmk ZpÀ_eXbpsS
§fptSXn\v kam\amb {]iv\§fnte¡v {]thin¡mw. ]cnWnX ^eamWv. ZnIv-À- (AÃmlphnsâ kvacW)hÀ[n
hyàn]camb Gäpap«epIÄ, ]ckv]cm\p-tamZ\¯nse ¸n¡p-¶XneqsSbpw- ZpBCeqsSbpw- (hn\oXm`yÀY-\Ifpw
]cmP-bw, Bbmk§Ä, km¼¯nI ]cm[o\XIÄ t]m {]mÀY- \ Ifpw) kÂ- I Àa§fneqsSbpw ]Ým¯m
epÅ aäv hnjb§fpw D­mImw. CWIÄ ]ckv]cw ]§fneqsSbpw \mw AÃmlpthmSSp¡p-I.- A§s\ \mw
AhImi§Ä hIsh¨psImSp¡p-¶Xn hcp-¯p¶ CXc hyànbneÃmsX AÃmlphn {i²tI{µoIcn¡p-
hogvNIÄ, Bßobambn ZpÀ_ecmb Z¼XnIfmhp-Itbm t¼mÄ H¶p-In AÃmlp B hyànbn amäw hcp¯p
Asæn Zo³ ]qÀW-ambn hn«pt]mIp-I-tbm- sN-¿p-¶ ¶Xmbn,- Asæn \mw amdp¶Xmbn,- AXpasæn B
AhØ F¶n§s\bp-Å- {]-iv-\-§-fp-ap-­m-Imw-. Cu kmlNcyw kzbw A{]kàamIp-¶Xmbn \ap¡v
hnjb§sfÃmw `mcym `À¯m¡fnepw Ip-«nIfps­¦n Is­¯m³ Ignbpw.
Ahcnepwÿlm\nIcamb ^eap­m¡p-w. ]ckv]capÅ Z¼Xnamsc¶ \nebv-¡v A-`n-{]m-b- hyXymk§sf
kzct¨À¨ Ahkm\n¡p-¶tXmsS kvt\lw tNmÀ¶p- ]cnlcn¡m³ thsdbpw \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶Xm
t]mIm³ XpS§pIbpw A§s\ ASp¸hpw kvt\lw Wv þ Z¼XnamÀ¡v Ahcp-sS {]iv\§Ä ]ckv]cw NÀ¨
{]ISn¸n¡p-¶Xp t]mIs« ASnØm\ AhImi§Ä sN¿mw, ]ckv]cw D]tZin¡mw, hninjym hnjbw Zo\p-
\ÂIp-¶Xpt]mepw hyàn¡v IqSpX IqSpX ZpÊl ambn _Ôs¸«mXmWvÿF¦nÂÿKpWtZmjn¡mw. Ah
ambn amdpw-.ÿ À¡vÿIp-Spw_ _Ôp¡fpsStbm Asæn Ckv-e-manI
kp¶¯v {]iv\§sfbpw {]XnkÔnIsfbpw t\cnSp hnÚm\¯n \n]pW\mb Hcp- hyànbpsStbm am[y
¶Xn\p-Å ]pjv-¡eamb D]tZi§Äs¡m­pw kmlN Øyw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XpamWv. {]iv\¯nsâ Ckve- m- anI
cy§Ä hyànIsf A£acm¡p-¶Xn \n¶p-ÿXSbm\p- am\w F´v F¶dnbm\p-w CXp]Icn¡p-w. F´mbncp-
Å coXnimkv{X§Ä sIm­pw \nÀ`camWv. kz`mh KpW ¶mepwÿZ¼XnamÀ AÃmlphnsâ \nbaw A\p-kcn¡m³
§fn BÀP-n¡m³ Gsd {]bmkapÅXpw F¶m Gä B{Kln¡p-¶p-sh¦n am{Xsa Cu HSphn ]dªXv
hpw al\obhp-am-b- H¶mWv £a. {]hmNIcJnew ]¦p- KpWwsN¿pIbpÅq.ÿ
sh¨Xpw JpÀB\n hfsctbsd hmgv¯s¸«Xpamb Hcp- þhn-h.-A-_q-lw-\- Im-c-¯qÀ-
KpWamWXv. apkv-e-nw Z¼XnamÀ ]ckv]ch-pw AhÀ¡`n
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 43
A-\p-`h- w-

A-\p-`-h-§Ä-
h-gn-Im-«n-b-t¸mÄ...-!-

ap-l-½-Zv- P-amÂ-
]me-¡m-Sv- Pn-Ã-bn-se- H-cp- {Km-a-¯n- c-W-t¯m-sS- hn-i-¸p- am-äm³- I-gn-bm-¯-
em-Wv- Rm³- P-\n-¨p-h-fÀ-¶-Xv.- H-cp- Xm-gv- C-jSv- w-t]m-se- Xn-¶m³- In- \m-fp-I-fp-sS- F-®w- Iq-Sp-X-em-b- L-«w.- -
¶-- -Pm-Xn-¡m-c-\pw- -sXm-en-I-dp-¯-h-\p-am- Xm-gv-¶- Pm-Xn-¡m-c-s\-¶- t]-cnÂ- A-]-
bn-- P-\n-¨- Rm³- A-Xn-tâ-Xm-b- H-cp-]m-Sv- «n-bn-«m-W-tÃm- A-hÀ- X-Sn- am-\n-X-\m-Ip-¶-Xnep-Å- {]-Xn-tj-[w- a-\-
A-hK- W - \- I
- Ä- k-ln-¨m-W-v h-fÀ-¶X - .v - kv- ¨p-sIm-gp-¡p-¶-Xv. A-½- ÊnÂ- i-àn-bmÀ-Pn-¨- ]-Xn-\m-dmw- h-bÊ - n-
Iq-fnÂ- A-©m-w- ¢m-Êp-h-sc- ]-Tn-¨p.- A- bpw- Rm-\pw- F-s³d-- c-­v- Â- H-cp- ap-k-venw- kp-lr-¯n-s³d- Iq-sS-
Ñ-s³d- a-c-W-t¯m-sS- ]-T-\w- A-h-km-\n- Rm-\pw- Xn-cq-cn-te-¡v- "\m-Sp-hn-«p'.-
¸n-¡m³- \nÀ-_Ô - n-X\ - m-hp-Ib- m-bn-cp-¶p.- A-\p-P-·m-cpw- H-cp- A-\p-P- B- bm-{X- F-s³d-- Po-hn-Xs- ¯bpw- hn-
]-{´-­- v h-bÊ - m-bt- ¸m-tg-¡p-w- A-½b - p-sS- ¯n-bpw- D-Å- Ip-Spw-_- iz-m-k-s¯-bp-sa-Ãmw- am-än-a-dn-¡p-sa-¶v-
Iq-sS- ]m-S-¯v- ]-Wn-sb-Sp-¯p- Xp-S-§n.- ¯nÂ- -A-Ñ-s³d-- a-c-W- Rm³- kz-]v-\-¯nÂ- t]-m-epw- I-cp-Xn-bn-
\m-«p-Im-c\- m-b- H-cp- \-¼q-Xn-cn-bp-sS- ]m- t¯m-sS- hn-i-¸p- am-äm³- cp-¶n-Ã.--
S-¯m-bn-cp-¶p- ]-Wn.- A-t±-lh - p-am-bpw- A- a-[y-hb
- k
- vI- \
- m-b- H-cp- lm-Pn-bm-cp-sS-
t±-l-¯n-sâ- ho-«p-Im-cp-am-bpw- C-S-]-g-tI- Ign-bm-¯- \m-fp-I-fp-sS- tlm-«-en-em-Wv- F-\n-¡v- tPm-en-In-«n-b-Xv.-
­n-h-¶-t¸m-gm-Wv- Xm-gv-¶- Pm-Xn-¡m-c-\m- F®w- Iq-Sp-X-em-b- L-«w.- F-s¶- Iq-Sm-sS- B-dp- t]-À- Iq-Sn- B- tlm-
bn- ]n-d-¶-Xn-sâ- A-]-am-\-hpw- th-Z-\bpw- «-enÂ- tPm-en-¡m-cm-bn- D-­m-bn-cp-¶p.- F-
- Rm³- a-\-Ên-em-¡n-b-Xv.- C-X-n-s³d--h-n-j- bp-hm-¡-fpw.- A-hÀ- am-k-§Ä- Iq-Sp- Ãm-h-cpw- ap-kv-enw-IÄ.- h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw- a-
aw- A-½-tbm-Sp- ]-d-bp-t¼mÄ,-- X-{¼m-s³d- t¼mgm-W- v- \m-«nÂ- h-¶n-cp-¶X- v.- sa-en-ªp- X-\n-jv-T-bp-Å- B-fm-W- v lm-Pn-bmÀ.- \-a-
ap-¼nÂ- A-Sn-a-sb-t¸m-se- \n-¶n-cp-¶- A- W-§n-b- ]-e-cpw- am-k-§Ä-¡-Iw- X-Sn-¨p- kv-I-m-c- k-a-b-am-bmÂ- D-S³- ]Ån-bnÂ-
½- F-s¶- D-]t- Z-in-¡pw;- A-hs- cm-s¡- ssZ- sIm-gp-¯v- Ip-«¸- ·
- m-cm-bn- KÄ-^nÂ-\n-s¶- t]m-Ipw.- Xn-cn-¨p-h¶- b
- p-S³- ]-Wn-¡m-cnÂ
h-Xp-ey-cm-sW-¶pw- A-ht- cm-Sv- sh-dp-¸p-Im- ¶-t]m-se- eo-hnÂ- h-cp-t¼mÄ- Rm³- A- H-m-tcm-cp-¯-sc- ]-Ån-bnte-¡v- ]-d-ª-b-
Wn-¡-cp-sX-¶pw- a-äpw.-- - Xn-ib- t- ¯m-sS- A-hs- c- t\m-¡pw.- C-jv-Sw- ¡pw.- Iq-«-¯nÂ- {]m-bw- Ip-d-ª ]-Wn-
a-e-¸p-dw- Pn-Ã-bn-se- Xn-cq-cnÂ- tlm- t]m-se- Xn-¶m³- In-«n-bn-«m-Wt- Ãm- A-hÀ- ¡m-c³- Rm-\m-bn-cp-¶p.-
«Â- ]-Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶- Ip-sd- t]À- F-sâ- X-Sn-¨p-sIm-gp-¡p-¶-Xv. A-½-bpw- Rm-\pw- Rm³- A-hn-sS- sN-¶v- c-­m-gv-N- B-b-
\m-«n-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶p.- km-[p-Ip-Spw-_-§- F-s³d-- c-­v- A-\p-P-·m-cpw- H-cp- A-\p-P- t¸m-tg-¡pw- _-en-s]-cp-¶mÄ- h-¶p.- s]-
fnÂ- s]-«- ap-kv-enw-Ifm-b- Iu-am-c-¡m-cpw- ¯n-bpw- D-Å- Ip-Spw-_-¯nÂ- -A-Ñ-s³d-- a- (ti-jw- t]-Pv- 49Â-
2008 P-\p-h-cn- 44
)-
{]Xn-Ic
- Ww

Iayq-Wn-khpw
aXkaq-l-§fpw
þA-lv-a-Zv- ^-m-lnw-

""aXw a\p- j ys\ ab- ¡ p¶ Idp- ]-\-§fpw X½n-epÅ Xmc-X-ayw, thÀXn-

¸mWv'' F¶ (Ip)-{]-kn² hmN-I-amWv cn-hp-IÄ A]-{K-Yn-¡p-hm³ klm-bI


- a
- m-

aXhpw Iayq-Wn-khpw X½n-epÅ _ Wv.

Ôw NÀ¨ sN¿p-¶n-S¯v Gähpw BZy- ImdÂ-amÀ-Ivkv aX-t¯mSp ]peÀ


ImdÂ-amÀ-Ivknsâ cN-\-I- ambn IS¶p hcp-¶X.-v FwKÂkn-sâ-bpw ¯nb- kao-]-\-§Ä

fn Ncn-{Xm-]-{K-Y-\-t¯mSp se\n-sâbpw IrXn-If


- n kam-\k
- z-`m-h-
1).- {]mNo\ aqey hyh-Ø-bpsS XpS

tNÀ¶p-\n-¶p-sIm­v {]mNo\ t¯msS {]Xy-£-s¸« Bi-b-¯nsâ


À -Aw-i-§-sf¶ \ne-bn aX-¯nsâ
hmIy-cq-]-am-W-Xv. aXw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-
kaq-l-L-S-\-bpsS `mK-§- ¯nepw kaq- l - ¯ nepw sNep- ¯ p¶
aqey-§sf AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶-tXm-sSm¸w

kaq- l - ¯ nsâ \ho- I - c - W - ¯ n\v aX-


sf¶ \ne-bn-epw hÀK-kw- kzm[o-\s
- ¯-bpw aX-¯nsâ ZuXy-\nÀh-
¯nÂ\n-¶pÅ apt¶m-«p-t]m¡v Bh-iy-

LÀj-§-fn kzm[o\w l-W-§-fpsS kz`m-h-s¯ bpw


am-sW¶v Nn´n-¨p.
FwKÂkn-sâbpw se\n-sâbpw IrXn-I-
sNep-¯p¶ LS-I-sa¶ \ne- fn-emWv IqSp-XÂ Kuc-ht
- ¯m sS At\z-
(2).- skan-än¡v aX-§sf Ah \nÀh-

ln-¨p-h¶ Ncn{X ZuXy-§f


- psS ASn-Øm-
bnepw aX-s¯-¡p-dn¨p ]cm- jW hnt[-b-am-¡-s¸-«n-«p-Å-Xv. ImdÂ-
\-¯n AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw skan-än¡v

aÀin-¡p-¶p-­v. F¶m amÀ-Ivknsâ cN-\-I-fn Ncn-{Xm-]-{K-Y-


kwkvImc ]Ým-¯e
- s¯ thdn«p hni-
\-t¯mSp tNÀ¶p-\n-¶p-sIm­v {]mNo\
amÀIvkn-sâ-bpw FwKÂk,v kaq-l-L-S-\-bpsS `mK-§-sf¶ \ne-bn-
I-e\ hnt[-b-am-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

se\n³ F¶n-h-cp-sSbpw aX- epw, hÀK-kw-LÀj-§-fn kzm[o\w


3).- ssZh hnizmkw aX¯nsâ km

aq-lnI kwhn-[m-\-¯nse Hcp-]m-[n-bm-


t¯m-SpÅ kao-]-\-§Ä Htc sNep-¯p¶ LS-Is
- a¶ \ne-bnepw aX-
sW¶pw AXn-\m aX-c-ln-X-amb Hcp
s¯-¡p-dn¨p ]cm-aÀin-¡p-¶p-­v.
kz`m-h-t¯mSp IqSn-b-h-bm-bn- F¶m amÀIvkn-sâ-bpw FwKÂk,v
\h-km-aqly kwhn-[m-\-¯n\v ssZh-\n-

cp-¶n-söv kq£va-]-T-\-§- se\n³ F¶n-h-cp-sSbpw aX-t¯m-SpÅ


tj[w ià-amb Bh-iy-am-sW¶pw

\ne-]mSp kzoI-cn-¨p.
fnÂ\n¶p hyàam-Ip-¶p. kao-]-\-§Ä Htc kz`m-h-t¯mSp IqSn-

b-h-bm-bn-cp-¶n-söv kq£v a-]-T-\-§- 4).- hn`m-h\w sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ ]pXnb

fn \n¶p hyàam-Ip-¶p. c­p kao- temI-¯nsâ kwhn-[m-\-¯n\v kzoI-cn-

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 45
¡-s¸-Sp¶ Ne-\m-ß-I-amb D]m-[n-Isf Bi-b-§fpw Ah aX-¯nsâ kw`m-h-

\ncp-Õm-l-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ LS-I-§-fn a\p-jys\ ab-¡p¶ Idp¸v,- \-IÄ F¶ \ne-bnÂam{Xw XnckvIcn-

apJy-am-bXv aX-am-sW¶p kn²m-´n-¨p. t¡-­X


- n-Ã.
{]Xym-i-bn-Ãm¯ P\-X-bpsS
5).- ]ptcm-KX
- n-sb-¶Xv XoÀ¯pw \ho- 9).- aXw ]qÀh-Ime a\pjy kaq-l-

\hpw DÂ]Xn-jvWp-Xb
- p-ÅX
- p-am-Ib
- mÂ
{]Xymi,-- i_vZw \ntj-[n-¡- ¯n sNep-¯nb kzm[o-\hpw AXn

aXw DÂ]mZn-¸n-¡p¶ FÃm Bi-b-§- s¸-«-h-cpsS i_vZw,- `qX-Ime sâ XpSÀ^-e§


- fpw I­n-söp \Sn-t¡-

fn \n¶pw Ah- b psS ^e- § - f nÂ


kaq-l-§-fpsS DuÀP-hpw ­-Xn-Ã.

\n¶pw am\-h-cmin XoÀ¯pw hntam-Nn-

¡-s¸-tS-­Xv Bh-iy-amWv F¶pw \nco-


Bth-ihpw,- aÀZ-n-Xsâ 10).- Ime-L-«-¯nsâ ]ptcm-bm-\-¯n-

\n-S-bn Nne L«-§-fn-se-¦n-epw, {]m


£n-¨p. \nizmkw,- ]cn-{`-an-¡p¶ No\ kaq-l¯
- n aXw \nÀh-ln-¨n-cp¶

taÂ]-dª \ne-]m-Sp-IÄ- hni-I- {]mNo\ a\p-jy-cpsS km´z\ ZuXy-§-fpsS kam\ ZuXy-§Ä \nÀh-

e\w sNbvXp-sIm­v t]mÄlmÀ]À X


i_vZw Xp-S-§n-bhsb-Ãmw- ln-¡p-amdv aX-§Ä Xncn-¨p-hc
- hv \S-¯m-

sâ ""Iayq-Wnkw Bâ v Z tabv¡n§v \n-Sb


- p-­-v F¶ km[y-Xsb \ntj-[n-t¡-

Hm^v \yq P\-td-j³'' F¶ IrXn-bnÂ


a-X-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å- A-h-cp--sS- ­-Xn-Ã.

Fgp-Xp¶p: hn-e-bn-cp-¯-ep-I-fm-Wv.- taÂ]-dª LS-I-§Ä ]cn-K-Wn-

""aX-t¯mSp ImdÂ-amIvkv Xo{hhpw ¨m ImdÂ-amÀIvkns\ At]-£n¨v

ià-hp-amb \ntj[ \ne-]m-SmWp kzo arZphpw bpàn-]-c-hp-am-bn-cp¶p se\n-

I-cn-¨-Xv. Xsâ P\n-X-I-]-chpw hwio-b- \pw, FwKÂkpw aX-t¯mSp ]peÀ¯n


3).- aX-§sf Ah-bpsS ZuXy-¯n
hp-amb skan-än¡v _Ô-§sf ]msS b kao-]-\-§-sf¶p ImWmw. ""Hm¬ dn
epw Bib \nÀh-l-W-¯nepw skan-än-
\ntj-[n¨pw \ncm-I-cn¨pw At±lw aX en-Py³'',- ""ZmkvIym]n-äÂ'',- ""lntÌm-dn-
¡v- þ - B - c y- þ - A - \ mcy kz`m- h - § - t fmsS
s¯ iàn-bpàw FXnÀ¯p. ssZh-\n- ¡Â A\-sse-tk-j³ Hm^v B³jy
thÀXn-cn¨v A]-{K-Yn-t¡-­X
- n-sö \ne-
tj-[-¯n-eqsS am{Xsa aX-\n-cm-I-c-W- â v tkmjy knÌwkv'' XpS-§nb cN-
]mSp kzoI-cn-¨p.
¯n\v XmXznI ]Ým-¯-e-sam-cp-¡-s¸- \-I-fn se\n³, FwKÂkv XpS-§n-b-
4).- Im¸n-cn-I-fpsS aX-¯n-\pw C´y-
Sp-Ib
- pÅq F¶-Xp-sIm-­mWv aX-\n-tj- hÀ aX-s¯-¡p-dn¨v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶
t]m-epÅ cmPy-§-fnse {]mNo\ aXco
[-¯nsâ BZy-]-Sn-bmbn At±lw ssZ ho£-W-§sf arZp-hmb kao-]-\-§-sf-
Xn-IÄ¡p-saÃmw sam¯-¯n aX-§-
h \ntj-[s¯ I­-Xv. {Iam-\p-KX
- a
- mb ¶p-Xs¶ hnti-jn-¸n-t¡­n hcp-¶p-­v.
sf¶ \ne-bn ZuXyw s]mXp-hm-sW
Hcp ]cnjvIrX kaq-l-¯nsâ cq]o-I-c
se\n³-,- F
- w-KÂkv, F¶n-hc
- psS cN-
¶ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-emWv se\n\pw Fw
Ww kw`-hn-¡p-hm³ aX-\n-tj[w A\n-
\-If
- n aX-s¯-¡p-dn¨v- \ÂI-s¸-«n-«p Å
KÂkpw aX-§sf A]-{K-Y-\-hn-t[-b-am-
hm-cy-am-sW¶p Nn´n-¨n-S¯
- p-\n-¶p-amWv
Nne hnti-j-W-§Ä D-kv-am³- ]me-¡m-
¡n-bX
- v.
ImdÂ-amÀ-Ivknsâ aX-t¯m-SpÅ {]Xn-
gn- F-Sp-¯-p-²-cn-¨n-cp-¶p.-
tj-[-¯nse Xo{hX Dcp-¯n-cn-bp-¶-Xv. 5).- ]pXnb temI-¯n-sâbpw kaq-l-
a\p-jys\ ab-¡p¶ Idp¸v,- {]Xym-
FwKÂkn-sâbpw se\n-sâbpw aX-\n- ¯n-sâbpw hn`m\w km[y-am-¡p-I-bpw
i-bn-Ãm¯ P\-X-bpsS {]Xymi,-- i_vZw
tj[ \ne-]m-Sp-I-fnse bpàn-]-c-amb A¯cw kz]v\§
- s
- f Ne-\m-ßI
- a
- m-¡p-
\ntj-[n-¡s
- ¸-«h
- c
- psS i_vZw,- `qX-Ime
ap{Zm-k-ao-]\w ImdÂ-amÀ-Ivknsâ \ne- I-bpw sN¿p-¶-Xn\v Bh-iy-sa-¦n aX-
kaq-l-§-fpsS DuÀP-hpw Bth-ihpw,-
]m-Sp-If
- n ImWp-¶nà F¶Xv {it²-b- ¯n \n¶pÅ t{]c-WI
- s
- fbpw bpàn-
aÀZ-n-Xsâ \nizmkw,- ]cn-{`-an-¡p¶ {]m
am-W.v Ncn-{X-s¯bpw kaq-ls
- ¯bp hne- ]qÀhhpw imkv{Xo-b-hp-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-
No\ a\p-jy-cpsS km´z\ i_vZw,- {]
bn-cp-¯p-¶X
- nse am\-ZÞ
- §
- f
- psS `n¶- ¡m³ ]pXnb kaq-l-c-N-\-bn km[n-
Xymi \jvSs
- ¸« \njv¡f
- ¦ a\p-jy-cpsS
X-bm-bn-cp¶p CXn\v ImcWw'' (I-ayq- t¡-­X
- p-­v.
{]Xym-i-bpsS Dd-hn-Sw Xp-S-§n-bh -sb-
Wnkw Bâ v Z tabvIn§v Hm^v \yq 6).- \nco-iz-c¯w tkmjy-enÌv kmaq
Ãmw- a-X-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å- A-h-c-psS- hn-e-
P\-td-j³, t]Pv 119-þ120).- ly hyh-Øn-Xn-bpsS A{]-a-m-Zn-¯-apÅ
bn-cp-¯e
- p-If
- m-Wv.-
se\n\pw FwKÂkpw aX-t¯mSp ASn-¯-d-bm-sW¶v imTyw-]n-Sn-t¡-­-
am\-h-cm-in-bn aXw sNep-¯nb
]peÀ¯nb kao-]-\-§Ä XnÃ.
kzm[o-\-s¯bpw \nÀh-ln¨ ZuXy-§-
1).- {]mNo\ aqeyhyh-Ø-bpsS Aw 7).- kaq-l-s¯ AXnsâ ]ptcm-K-Xn-
sfbpw A]-{K-Yn-¨p-sIm­v se\n\pw
i-§Ä F¶ \ne-bn aX-s¯bpw A bnÂ\n¶pw Ne-\m-ßI
- X
- I
- f
- n \n¶pw
FwKÂkpw F¯n-t¨À¶ kpNn-´n-Xm-
Xnsâ Bi-b-§-sfbpw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p.- XS-bp-Ibpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p
`n-{]m-b-§-fm-bn-cp¶p Ah. Nqj-W-¯n-
¶ aXhpw AXnsâ D]m-[n-I-fp-saÃmw
2).- kaq-l¯
- nsâ \ho-Ic
- W
- ¯
- nepw sâbpw ASn-a-¯-¯n-sâbpw hnt[-b-Xz-
Hcp \nebv¡pw AwKo-I-cn-¡m-h-X-Ã. A
apt¶m«pt]m¡n-epw aX-¯n \n¶pÅ ¯n-sâbpw Imcy-Im-c-W-§Ä NnI-ªp-
tX kabw A¯cw {]h-W-X-I-fn \n
kzmX{´yw Bh-iytam F¶p \nÝ-bn- sIm- ­ pÅ A]- { K- Y \w taÂ]- d ª
¶v apt¶m-«p-t]mb aX-§sf Ak-lnjv
¡p-¶Xv- kml-N-cy-§-fpsS A]-{K-Y-\- hnti-j-W-§-fn F¯n-t¨-cm³ Cc-p-h-
Wp-Xt
- bmsS ImtW-­X
- n-Ã.
¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bm-bn-cn-¡-W-sa¶ \ne- scbpw \nÀ_-Ôn-¨p-sh¶p ]d-bmw.

]mSp kzoI-cn-¨p. 8).- aXw DÂ]-mZ


- n-¸n-¡p¶ aqey-§fpw
Iayq-Wn-khpw aXhpw X½n-epÅ

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 46
_Ôw, Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mb t`Z-kw-hm-Z§
- Ä ¯m³ bqtdm-¸n-s\bpw Ata-cn-¡s
- bbpw

F¶n-h-sb-¡p-dn¨v Kuc-h-ta-dnb Ht«sd k`-IÄ \qäm-­p-I-fmbn hf _m[n-¡m-Xncn-¡m-\pÅ'' ap¶-dn-bn-¸p-IÄ

]T-\-§Ä \S-¯n-bn-«pÅ emän-\-ta-cn- k`m-t\-Xr-Xz-¯nÂ\n-¶p-­m-bn-s¡m-­n-


À¯n-s¡m-­p-h¶ kmaq-ly-
¡³ ssZh-imkv{X Nn´-I-\mb AeIv cp-¶p.

knhnKvkv amÀÊv Xsâ ""dnen-Py³ Bâ v kw-hn-[m-\-¯n-sâbpw hnizm- Iayq-Wnkw Gähpw IqSp-XÂ IS-¶m-
dnt^mÀtaj³'' F¶ IrXn-bn Fgp- km-Sn-a-¯-¯n-sâbpw ASn-¯-d- {I-an-¨Xpw ss{IkvXh
- X-sb-X
- s¶-bm-bn-cp-
Xp¶p:
bn-f-¡p-¶-Xn\v Iayq-W-n-k- ¶p. t]¸- k nbpw ]u- t cm- l n- X y hpw

""hnizm-kw, at\m-`mhw, kao-]-\-§ kzÀK-hmKvZm\-§fpw Znhy-]p-cp-j³amcpw

Ä F¶n-h-bn-seÃmw GXm­v el-cn-bp-


¯nsâ Bi-b-§Ä Imc-W-am- Imt\m³ \nb- a - § - f p- s aÃmw Nqj- W -

WÀ¯p¶ {]tNm-Z\w a\p-jy-cm-in-bn ¡p-sa¶ \ne-bn-emWv k`- ¯nsâ Id-I-fª D]m-[n-I-fm-sW¶v

sNep-¯p-¶-Xn\v aX-§Ä¡p km[n-¡p-


IÄ `oXn-bn-e-I-s¸-«-Xv. Iayq- Iayq-WnÌp ssk²m-´n-IÀ Ah-cpsS

¶-Xp-sIm-­mWv aXs¯ Ipdn¨v A¯ cN-\-I-fnepw ktµ-i-§-fnepw {]N-cn-¸n-

cw ]cm-aÀi-§-fp-­m-b-Xv. bmYmÀY-y-§
Wn-ks¯ ]nim-Nm-bpw a-äpw- ¨-Xpw, tkmhn-bäp bqWn-b³ tI{µo-I-

Ä hnkva-cn-¡m-\pw, `uXn-Im-Xo-X-amb Nn{Xo-I-cn-¡p¶ H«-\-h[n cn¨p hfÀ¶p hnI-kn-¨p-h¶ B[p-\nI

Hcp kz]\ kpµ-ct


- em-Is¯ em¡m¡o
k`mkmln-Xy-§Ä c-Nn-¡-s¸- Iayp-WnÌv- kmln-Xy-im-JI
- Ä k`-bpsS

Pohn-Xs¯ {Iao-I-cn-¡p-hm\pw hnizm Xn·-IÄs¡-Xn-cn-epÅ AXoh KqV-amb

kw sNep- ¯ p¶ t{]c- W - I Ä GXm-


«n-«p-­v.- Bi-b-{]-N-c-tWm-]m-[n-I-fm bn hÀ¯-n-

s­mcp ab-¡p-a-cp-¶nsâ ^ew sN¿p- ¨Xpw A\p-`h


- a
- m-Wv. tkmhn-bäv tkmjy-

¶Xp ]e hnizm-kn-k-aq-l-§-fn-sebpw s¯-bpw aX-hn-izm-ks


- ¯bpw kl-\o-b- enÌv dn¸-»n-¡nsâ KWy-amb k¼¯pw-

A\p-`-h-am-Wv. kaq-l-t¯mSv ]n´n-cn am-¡p¶ {]Xybimkv{X hymJym-\§


- Ä k`m-hn-cp²- {]N-c-tWm-]m-[n-IÄ¡mbn

ªp \n¡p¶ Zpjv{]-h-W-X¡p Iq«p- sIm­mWv B[p-\nI am\-h-cm-insb hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡s


- ¸-«n-cp-¶p. 1940-þI
- f
- n \ne-

\n¡p-hm³ aX-¯nÂ\n-¶p-­m-Ip¶ Iayq-Wnkw ]n´p-SÀ¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p- hnÂh¶ ""Bâ n s^bv¯v s{]m]-tK-

t{]c- W - b psS A]- I Sw ]cn- K - W n- ¡ p- ¶Xv F¶p ImWmw. ]pXnb {]Xy-b- j³ Iayq¬'', 1960- þ 65 Ifn \ne-

t¼mÄ aXw a\p-jys\ ab-¡p¶ Idp- imkv{X hymJym-\-§Ä D­m-Ip-¶Xv hnÂh¶ ""tkmjy do P\-td-än§v

¸m-sW¶ \nco-£Ww AÀYh-¯m-Wv. A§-s\-bm-Wv. aqhvsaâ v'', 1970-þ-I-fn {]hÀ¯n¨n-cp¶

F¶m A¯-c-¯n-e-Ãm¯ aX-§-fp- Iayq-Wn-khpw ss{IkvXh- k


- `- bpw ""tkmjy-enÌv \yq lyqa-\nÌv aqhvsaâ v''

sSbpw hnizm-k§
- f
- p-sSbpw km[y-Xbpw F¶nh k`-IÄs¡Xn-cmb Bi-b-{]-N-
hnizm-k-¯n\pw aX-¯nsâ kmaq
kl-Ic
- W
- hpw \ntj-[n-¡p-hm³ taÂ]- c-W-¯n\p th­n Iayq-WnÌv- _p²n-tI-
ly {Ia-¯n-\p-sa-Xn-cmb Bi-b-]-chpw
dª ]cm-aÀiw D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xp icn- {µ-§f
- m hfÀ¯n-s¡m-­p-h¶ Øm]-
XmXzn-I-hp-amb `oXn-sb¶ \ne-bnÂ
bÃ'' (t]Pv 98-þ99).- \-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. sI. -Pn.- _nbp-sSbpw
Iayq-Wn-ks¯ BZyw IW-¡n-se-Sp-
djy³ Nmc-t]m-eo-kn-sâbpw klm-bw-
Npcp-¡-¯n aXw F¶ {]mNo\ ¯Xv ss{IkvXh k`-I-fm-Wv. k`-IÄ
t]mepw ]e-L-«-§-fnepw Chbv-¡p e`n-
hkvXp-hns\ sam¯-¯n XnckvIcn-¡p- \qäm-­p-I-fmbn hfÀ¯n-s¡m-­p-h¶
¨n-cp-¶p.
Itbm \ncm-I-cn-¡p-Itbm Aà ta ]- kmaq-ly-kw-hn-[m-\¯
- n-sâbpw hnizm-km-
dª ""Idp¸v'' hnti-jW
- ¯
- nsâ XmÂ]- Sn-a¯
- ¯
- n-sâbpw ASn-¯d
- b
- n-f¡
- p-¶X
- n\v adp-`m-K-¯v...""-tam-d do BÀa-saâ v

cyw. B[p-\nI kaq-l¯


- n aXw sNep- Iayq-W-n-k-¯nsâ Bi-b-§Ä Imc-W- aqhvsaâ v'',- ""s{]m«-£³ t^mdw t^mÀ

¯p¶ {]-Xn-tem-aI kzm[o-\w, AYhm am-¡p-sa¶ \ne-bn-emWv k`-IÄ `oXn- F¯nI-vkv Bâ v s^bnXvk'', ""{InÌy

A¯cw A]-IS
- §
- f
- pÅ aX-§Äam{Xw bn-e-I-s¸-«-Xv. Iayq-Wn-ks¯ ]nim-Nm- ³ s{]m«-£³ BÀan t^mÀ Bân Iayq-

ap¶nÂI-­p-sIm-­v, Nq­n-¡m-Wn-¡p- bpw \I-c¯


- n-te-¡pÅ hgn-bmbpw Nn{Xo- WnÌv B£³'' XpS-§nb taÂhn-em-k-

t¼mÄ AXv GI-]£


- o-bhpw \ncp-]m-[n- I-cn-¡p¶ H«-\h
- [n k`mkmln-Xy-§Ä §-fn {]hÀ¯n-¨p-h¶ It¯m-en¡m

I-hp-amb aX-\n-cm-I-c-W-a-Ã. Ccp-]Xmw \qäm-­nsâ a[y-Zi


- I
- §
- f
- n Øm]-\-§Ä Iayq-Wn-k-¯n-s\-Xn-cmb

AtXkabw Iayq-Wnkw AXnsâ bqtdm-¸n-se§pw hnX-cWw sN¿-s¸-Sp-I- KqV-amb Bib {]N-c-W-¯n\p

BXy-´nI ssk²m-´n-I-X-bn aX-hn- bp-­mbn. tPm¬t]mÄ c­m-a³ \S- t\XrXzw \ÂIn-bh


- b
- m-bn-cp-¶p. tamdÂ

cp-²hpw aX-\n-tj-[]
- c
- h
- p-amb Hcp {]Xy- ¯nb ""Nph¶ ]nimNv'' t]mepÅ ]cm- do BÀa-saâ v {]Øm\w 1950-þ1970 Ime-

b-imkv{Xw Xs¶-bmWpXm\pw. [mcmfw aÀi-§Ä Iayq-Wn-k-t¯m-SpÅ `oXn- L-«-¯n-embn Zi-e-£-¡-W-¡n\v Iayq-

hymJym\ km[y-XI
- Ä Ah-ti-jn-¸n-¨p- bn \n¶p-fh
- m-bh
- b
- m-bn-cp-¶p. Iayq-Wn- WnÌv hncp² kmln-Xy-§Ä ]pd-¯n-d-

sIm-­mWv ImdÂ-amÀIvkpw, FwKÂ ks¯ {]Xy-bi


- m-kv{X-i{Xp F¶ \ne- ¡n. Gjy-\m-{^n-¡³ kaq-l-§-fnse

kpw, se\n-\psams¡ Ah-cpsS \ne-]m- bn ImWp-Ibpw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw {it²-b-cmb Fgp-¯p-Im-scbpw Nn´-I-

Sp-Isf Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv F¶p ImWmw. sNbvX k`-IÄ ]Sn-ªmdpw Ing-¡p- scbpw hne-s¡-Sp-¯p-sIm­v Fw.- BÀ.

\nco-iz-c¯w,- Iayq-Wn-k¯
- nsâ ASn-¯- apÅ hnizmkn kaq-l-§-fn \S-¯nb -Fw. \S-¯nb Bi-b-{]-N-c W-amWv

d-bm-bn-cn-s¡-¯-s¶, hn`m-h\w sN ¿- {]N-cWw Iayq-Wn-k-t¯m-SpÅ hntZz- bqtdm-¸n Iayq-Wn-k¯


- nsâ hfÀ¨¡v

s¸-Sp¶ hÀK--k-aq-l-¯nsâ cq]o-I-c-W- jhpw shdp¸pw hfÀ ¯n-s¡m-­p-h¶


- p. {]Xn-_²w krjvSn-¨-Xv. {it²-b-cmb

¯n\p hnL-m-X-am-Im¯ hn[-apÅ aX- ""tkmhn-bäv djy-bnse Nph¶ sNIp- ss{IkvXh kmln-Xy-Im-c³am-scbpw

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 47
bqtdm-¸nse Bâ n Iayq-WnÌv Nn´-I- ssZh-im-kv{X-¯n-sâ-Xv. tbip-{In-kvXp-

scbpw {]Xn-amk i¼f hyh-Ø-bpsS hyà-amb Nne D]m-[n-I-tfm- hns\ Hcp hn¹-h-Im-cn-bmbn Ah-X-cn-¸n-

ASn-Øm-\¯
- n-emWv D]-tbm-Ks
- ¸-Sp-¯n- ¡p¶p hntam-N\ ssZh-imkv{Xw. ss_
sS-bmWv Iayq-Wn-k-¯n-s\-Xn-
s¡m-­n-cp-¶-Xv. tamd do BÀa-saâ v _n-fnsâ HcÂ]w a\p-jy-]£ kz`m-h-

{]Øm-\s¯ Iayq-WnÌp sI«p-I-Y-sb- cmb Bi-b-]-c-amb {]Xn- apÅ Hcp ]p\À hmb\ km[y-am-Ip-¶Xv

¶m-Wv, tkmhn-bäv A\-´c L«-¯n tcm[w ap-kv-enw-IÄ- km[n-s¨- Hcp \nebv¡v hntam-N\ ssZh imkv{X-

Nne It¯m-en¡m ]ptcm-ln-X³amÀ ¯n-em-Wv. Gähpw IuXp-I-I-c-amb Hcp


Sp-¯-Xv. hnizm-k-¯nsâ A\n-
hnti-jn-¸n-¨-sX-¦n-epw, AsXmcp hkvXpX {InkvXp- a - X - h n- i zm- k n- t bm,-

bmYmÀYy-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh ¶v ]oäÀ hm-cy-X hnip² JpÀB\n- IayqWnÌv hnizm-kntbm Bb Hcp Nn

sl³kv Xsâ Hcp IrXn-bn ]d-bp-¶p- sâbpw Xncp-N-cy-bp-sSbpw ´-I-\n \n¶Ã hntam-N\ ssZh-im-

­v. kv{X-sa¶ Bibw BZy-ambn Dcp-¯n-


ASn-Øm-\-¯n Du¶n-¸-d-
cn-ªX
- v, adn¨v Htc-ka
- bw {InkvXp hncp-
""Z Bâ n Iayq-Wnkw'' F¶ Xsâ

IrXn-bpsS Bap-J¯
- n ]oäÀ sl³kv
ªp-sIm­v Iayq-WnÌv ²\pw Iayq-WnÌv hncp-²\pamb hyàn-

Fgp-Xp-¶Xv C{]-Im-ca
- mWv: ""Iayq-Wn-k- \mkvXn-I-þ-\n-co-iz-c-hm-Zs¯ bpsS Nn´m-K-Xn-bnÂ\n-¶mWv F¶ k

Xy-am-Wv. 1939-þÂ A{_lmw sj½mkv


¯n-s\-Xn-cmb Bib {]N-c-W-¯n\p
\njv{]-`-am-¡n.
F¶ blqZ ]Þn-X³ {]kn-²o-I-cn¨
k`-IÄ B{i-bn¨ \nKq-V-amÀK-§Ä
""s{]ms^-kyb tk {InÌv^À'' F¶
AXoh hnNn-{X-§fpw `mh-\m-Xo-X-§-f-
IrXn-bn-emWv hntam-N\ tZh-im-kv{X-
am-bn-cp-¶p. tkmhn-bäv A\-´c L«-
b
- I
- \
- n-e]
- m-SmWv kzoI-cn-¨p-h¶
- X
- v. sa¶ Bibw BZy-ambn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-

Iayq-Wn-khpw
¯n e`y-amb sXfn-hp-If
- psS ASn-Øm-
s¸-Sp-¶X
- v. blqZ ZÀi-\{- ]-Imcw A`n-i-

hntam-N\ ssZh-im-kv{Xhpw
\-¯n CtX-¡p-dn¨p \S-¯nb At\z-
]vX\
- mb hn¹-hI
- m-cn-sb¶p Nn{Xo-Icn-¡-
jWw hfsc kvtXm`-P\
- I
- §
- f
- mb hnh-
s¸« {InkvXp-hns\ Hcp XnIª Iayq-
c-§-fmWv ]pd-¯p-sIm-­p-h-¶n-cn-¡p- emän-\-ta-cn-¡³ Nn´-I-\mb tlm
Wn-Ìmbn Ah-Xc
- n-¸n-¡p¶ Hcp Zpcp-t±i
¶Xv'' (t]-Pv. 49).- sk-an-dm³sZ-bpsS ""Iayq-Wnkw C³
IrXn-bm-bn-cp¶p AXv. Cu IrXn-bpsS
\mkvXn-IX {]N-cn-¸n-¡p¶ {]Xy- ss__nÄ'' F¶ IrXn-bmWv hntam-N\
Bi- b - ] - c - a mb kzm[o\w ]nÂ- ¡ me
imkv{Xw F¶ \ne-bn-emWv s{]m«-Ì ssZh-im-kv{X-¯nsâ kmln-Xy-im-J-bn
hntam-N\
- s
- sZ-hi
- mkv{X kmln-Xy-§f
- nÂ
â v bmYm-Øn-Xn-IÄ Iayq-Wn-k-t¯mSp  {]Y-aa
- mbn ]cn-KW
- n-¡s
- ¸-Sp¶ IrXn.
F¼mSpw ImWmw.
ss__n-fnsâ Hcp ]p\Àhm-b-\-bmWv

Ckvemapw Iayq-Wn-khpw
i{Xp-X-bn hÀ¯n-¨-Xv. \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-

IÄ F¶v Iayq-Wn-Ìp-Isf hnti-jn-¸n- bYmÀY-¯n Cu IrXn. Htckabw

¡p¶ ss{IkvXh kmln-Xy-§-fn ssZh-im-kv{Xs¯ Xnc-kvI-cn-¡p-I-bpw Iayq-Wnkw hfsc hyàhpw ZrV-

KWy-am-bX
- n\pw amdnb kml-Nc
- y-¯n ss__n-fnsâ ]mc-¼-cy-hm-b-\-sb- amän hp-amb Hcp PohnX ZÀi-\-hpw k¼Zv

hymJym-\§
- Ä Bh-iy-ambn h¶n-cn¡p- sh¡p-Ibpw Iayq-Wn-ks¯ hnizm-km- hyh-Øb
- pw kmaqlyt_m[hpw apt¶m

¶p. Imc- W w, s{]m«- Ì â v Nn´- I - c p- [n-jvTn-X-ambn ]p\À\nÀh-Nn-¡p-Ibpw «p sh¡p-¶p-­v. aX-§Ä NneXv C¯-

sSbpw Kth-j-I-cp-sSbpw ssZh-imkv{X sNbvXp-sIm-­mWv Cu IrXn apt¶m«p c-¯n Pohn-X-ZÀi-\w, k¼-Zvhy-h-Ø,

]Þn-Xc
- p-sSbpw kPo-ha
- mb CS-s]-SÂ \o§p-¶-Xv. hntam-N\ ssZh-im-kv{X- kmaq-ly-t_m[w F¶n-h-bpsS Imcy-

aqe-amWv hntam-N-\-ssZ-h-imkv{Xw ¯nsâ kmaqlyþam-\h ho£Ww ¯n ]cm-Pb


- s
- ¸-Sp-¶n-S¯v Iayq-Wn kw

t]mepÅ IuXp-I-§Ä BhnÀ`-hn-¨-Xv. tlmsk-an-dm³sZ-bpsS IrXn¡p tijw hnP-bn-¡pI kzm`m-hn-Iw. ss{IkvX h

hntam-N\ ssZh-im-k{v X-¯n\p ]Ým-¯- IqSp-XÂ hn]p-e-am-bn-¯o-cp-I-bp-­m-bn. k`-IÄ Iayq-Wn-ks¯ `b-¸m-tSmSp- IqSn

ehpw t{]c-Wbpw sNep-¯nb k`m-\n- ss__nÄ apt¶m-«p-sh-¡p¶ `uXn-Im- \nco-£n-¡p¶ kml-Ncyw A§-s\-bm-

e-]m-Sp-I-fpsS Nne hàm-¡Ä Iayq-Wn- Xo-X-amb hntam-N\ k¦Â¸s¯ km Wp- ­ m- b - X - v . AtX kabw Cu `b-

k-hp-ambn ]pXnb Ime-L-«-¯n [m-cW Pohn-X-¯nsâ `uXnI hntam-N- ¯nsâ {]Xn- ^ - e - \ - a p- ­ m- b Xv hfsc

GÀs]-Sp-¯nb _Ôw Ah-cpsS Xs¶ \-hp-ambn Iq«n-bn-W¡


- n-s¡m-­mWv a\p- PpKp-]vkm-h-l-amb coXn-bn-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-

BZy-Ime \ne-]m-Sp-I-fpsS ]qÀW-amb jy- k z- ` m- h - a pÅ Hcp \ho\ ssZh- bn-cp-¶p. IpÂknX amÀK-§f
- p-]t
- bm-Kn¨v

Xnc- k vI- c - W - a m- b n- c p- ¶ p. Iayq- W n- k - imkv{Xw Ah-Xc


- n-¸n-¡s
- ¸-«X
- v. emän-\t
- a- Iayq-Wn-ks¯ sNdp-¡m-sa-¶pÅ \ne-

¯nsâ {]N-c-Whpw AXnsâ {]Xy-b- cn-¡b


- nse ]ptcm-Ka
- \ kz`m-ha
- pÅ k`- ]m-Sn-emWp k`-IÄ apt¶m«p \o §n-b-

im-kv{X-]-c-amb km[y-X-Ifpw Xncn-¨-dn- Ifpw NÀ¨p-Ifpw ]ptcm-ln-X³amcpw Xv. AtX kabw Bi-b-]-chpw {] Xy-

ªp-sIm-­pÅ ]pXnb ssZh-im-kv{Xm- C¯-c-samcp \ho\ Nn´m-[m-c-bp-ambn b- i m- k v{X- ] - c - h p- a mb sNdp- ¯ p- \ nÂ

t\z- j - W - § - f mWv emän- \ - t a- c n- ¡ - b n Ffp- ] - ¯ n CW- § n- b Xv hntam- N \ ]nsâ taJ-e-bn Iayq-Wn-k-hp-ambn

khn-ti-j-amb Hcp tkmjy-en-k-¯n\p ssZh- i m- k v { X- ¯ nsâ {]N- c - W - ¯ n\v apJm-apJw \n¡p-hm³ k`-IÄ¡p ti

]Ým-¯-e-am-bXv F¶ hkvXpX \ncm- DuÀP-w ]IÀ¶p. jn-bn-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. {]Xy-bi


- m-kv{X-]c
- a
- mb

I-cn-¡m-h-X-Ã. B[p-\nI tkmjy-en-k- {InkvXp-hn-s\-bpw am-À-Ivkn-s\bpw {]Xn-tcm[w XoÀ¯p-sIm­v Iayq-Wn-k-

¯nsâ ZuXy-\nÀh-l-W-¯n hntam- Htc coXn-bn ImWp-Ibpw ]cn-K-Wn-¡ ¯nsâ IS-¶m-{I-a-W-¯nÂ\n¶v B[p-

N\ ssZh-imkv{Xw hf-sc-b[
- nIw klm bpw sN¿p¶ kao-]-\-amWv hntam-N\ \nI am\-h-cm-insb c£n-¡p-¶-XnÂ

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 48
Ckvemw \nÀh-ln¨ ZuXy-§Ä a sämcp Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p. CXv Iayq-Wn-k-¯nsâ i-ambn {]Xn-tcm-[n-¨p-sh-¶ÀY-w.

aX- ¯ n\pw {]Xy- b - i m- k v { X- ¯ n \pw hfÀ¨sb {]Xn-tcm-[n-¨p.


hfsc \nÈ-_vZhpw AÀY-h-¯p-amb
km[y-am-Ip-¶X
- m-bn-cp-¶p. Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mbn
aX-t¯mSpw hnizm-k-t¯mSpw arZp Hcp {]Xn-tcm-[-amWv Ckvemw Iayq-Wn-
Ckvemw \S-¯nb {]Xn-tcm[w BtKm-f-
kao-]\
- s
- a¶p tXm¶p¶ ]cm-aÀi-§Ä k-¯n\p t\sc km[n-¨-Xv. AkÀss_-
X-e¯
- n Iayq-Wn-k¯
- n\v henb amÀK-
se\n-sâbpw FwKÂknsâbpw cN-\-I- Pm-\n-b³ Ihn-bpw ap³tkmjy-enÌp
XS-ʧ
- f
- p-­m-¡n-¯oÀ ¯p.
fn Ds­- ¦ nepw Iayq- W n- k - ¯ nsâ amb Ckvatb _bm-tkmhv Xsâ ""Z

hyà-amb Nne D]m-[n-It


- fm-sS-bmWv sImSnb Xn·-bmbn hnizm-kn-IÄ a\-Ên- ssdkn§v Hm^v \yql-yq-a\
- nkw'',- ""Iayq-

Iayq-Wn-k¯
- n-s\-Xn-cmb Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mb em-¡n-sb-Sp-¯Xv ISp¯ \nco-iz-c-hm- W-nkw B^väÀ Z ^mÄ Hm^v tkmhn-

{]Xn-tcm[w ap-kv-enw-IÄ- km[n-s¨-Sp-¯- Zhpw ]c-temI \ntj-[hpw aäp-am-Wv. bäv thÄUv ]hÀ'' F¶o IrXn-I-fnÂ

Xv. hnizm-k¯
- nsâ A\n-hm-cy-X hnip² ss{IkvXh k`-IÄ B]Xv `oXn-tbmsS Ckvemw \S-¯nb Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mb sNdp

JpÀB\n-sâbpw Xncp-Nc
- y-bp-sSbpw ASn- Iayq-Wn-k-¯nsâ \nco-iz-cm-Sn-¯-dsb ¯p \nÂ]-p-IÄ F{]-Im-c-amWv Hcp h

Øm-\¯
- n Du¶n-¸d
- ª
- p-sIm­v Iayq- I­-t¸mÄ BtKm-f-apkvenw {]t_m-[- enb {]Xy-im-kv{X-¯nsâ ]S-tbm-«s¯

WnÌv \mkvXn- I - þ - \ n- c o- i z- c - h m- Z s¯ IÀ A¯-cs


- amcp am\-kn- I
- m-hØ
- b
- n-eà XS-ªp-\nÀ¯n-bs
- X¶v hni-Zo-Ic
- n-¡p-¶p-

\njv{]-`-am-¡n. Cl-temI Pohn-X- Iayq-WnÌv \nco-iz-c-hm-Zs¯ I­-Xv. ­v. B]-Ûo-Xn-tbm-sS-bpÅ Ip{]-Nc


- W
- -

s¯bpw ]c- t emI hnizm- k - s ¯bpw Iayq- W nÌv {]Xyb imkv{X- ¯ nsâ §Ä hgn ss{IkvXh k`-IÄ Iayq-Wn-

IÀa-m-[n-jvTn-X-ambn- ka-\z-bn-¸n-¡p¶ BhnÀ`m-h¯


- n\pw AXnsâ Bib hn\- k-¯nsâ hgn IqSp-XÂ kpK-aa
- m-¡b
- mWv

a[y-amÀK- Pohn-XZ
- Ài\w hgn aX-sa-¶Xv ym-k¯
- n\pw CS-bmb `uXn-Ih
- o-£W
- §
- - HcÀY- ¯ n sNbv X - s X¶v Icp- X p¶

tIhew km¦Â]- n - I - X - I - f n- t e- ¡ pÅ fp-sSbpw Nn´m-K-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw kq £va- k`m Nn´-IÀ Xs¶ hfscb[n-I-ap-­v.

F¯n-t\m-«-a-söp am\-h-cm-insb ]Tn- amb hni-I-e-\-¯n-eqsS AXnsâ aX- Bi-b-]-c-amb {]Xn-tcm-[-¯n sâ hgn

¸n-¨p. aX-\n-cm-I-c-W-¯n\p t{]c-W-bm- \n- c m- I - c - W - X z- c sb {]Xn- t cm- [ n- ¡ p- h m- kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm­v Ckvemw \S-¯nb

bn Iayq- W nkw ]cn- N - b - s ¸- S p- ¯ nb \pÅ Bi-tbm-]m-[n-IÄ CkvemanI {] sNdp- ¯ p- \ n¸v Iayq- W n- k - ¯ n sâ

\ymbo-Ic
- W
- §
- f
- psS _men-iX CXp-hgn t_m-[-IÀ Is­-¯n. Ad_v cmjv{S-§- BtKm-fh
- ym-]\
- s¯ sNdp-¯p-\nÀ ¯n.

sXfn-bn-¡s
- ¸-«p. IWn-ia
- mb Hcp km¼- fn-sebpw hnhn[ apkvenw cmPy kaq-l- ]pXnb hymJym-\-§Ä sIms­m ¶pw

¯nI X¯-z-im-kv{X-an-Ãm¯ aX-§Ä §-fn-sebpw aX-Nn-´-I³amÀ Ah-cpsS AXn-Po-h\w km[y-am-Im-¯-hn-[-¯nÂ

Iayq-Wn-ks¯ sNdp-¡p-¶-Xn ]cm-P- IrXn-If


- n-eqsS Ah-Xc
- n-¸n¨ CkvemanI Iayq- W nkw {]Xy- i m- k v{X- ] - c - a m bn

b-s¸-«-t¸mÄ hyà-amb km ¼-¯nI am\hhmZw tkmjy-enÌv anYy-Isf {]Xn- XIÀ¶p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶Xv- Hcp

X¯-z-imkv{Xw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p ¶ tcm-[n-¡p-hm\pw sNdp-¡p-hm\pw D]-bp- hkvXpX am{X-am-W.v Ckvemansâ km[y-

Ckvemw Iayq-Wn-k-¯n\p ]Icw IqSp- à-ambhbm-bn-cp-¶p. Iayq-WnÌv X-IÄ¡v Hcp Ime¯pw Iayq-Wn kw

XÂ sa¨-s¸-«Xpw Pohn-tXm³ap-Jh
- p-amb ssk²m-´nI ]£-¯nsâ tkmjy-en anI-s¨mcp {]Xn-_-Ô-am-bn-cp-¶n-«nÃ.

k¼Zv Nn´-IÄ a\p-jy-cm-in¡p ap¶n Ìv am\h hn{`-ah


- m-Z§
- sf Ckvemw IWn-

(A-\p-`-h-§Ä......- t]-Pv- 44Â-\n-¶v- Xp-SÀ¨).-


cp-¶mÄ- {]-am-W-n-¨v- c-­p-Zn-h-kw- tlm-«- Xn-\mÂ- a-\Ê
- nÂ- `o-Xn-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶p.- F- ¯n.- H-cp- Iu-Xp-I-¯n-\v- Rm³- F-Ãmw-

en-\v- A-h[
- n-bm-bn-cp-¶p.- ]-Wn-¡m-sc-Ãmw- ¶mÂ- F-\n-¡v- hn-iz-kn-¡m³- I-gn-bm-¯- ]-Tn-¡m³- {i-an-¨p.- hm-bn-¨pw- tI-«pw- A-

A-h-c-h-cp-sS- ho-Sp-I-f-n-te-¡v- a-S-§n.- \Ã- Xm-bn-cp-¶p- ]n-¶o-Sv- \S-¶-Xv.- \p-`-hn-¨pw- H-c-p-]m-Sv- a-\-Ê-n-em-¡n.- F-sâ-

h-®w- X-Sn-sbm-s¡- sh-¨v- I-¿nÂ- Ip-sd- h-gn- C-Xm-sW-¶pw- Cl-¯n-epw- ]-c-¯n-


A-t±-l¯
- n-s³-d- a-¡f
- p-sS- Iq-«¯
- nÂ-
Im-ip-am-bn-«m-bn-cn-¡-Ww- ho-«n-te-¡p-Å- epw- A-`n-am-\-hpw- c-£-bpw- e-`n-¡m³- C-
H-cp- a-I-\m-bn- A-t±-lw- F-s¶- I-­p.- a-
B-Zy-s¯- a-S¡
- w- F-¶X
- m-bn-cp-¶p- F-sâ- Xn-s\-¡mÄ- \-sÃm-cp- h-gn-bn-sÃ-¶pw- Rm³-
t\m-l-c-am-b- ho-«nÂ- F-Ãm-cp-sS-bpw- Iq-
kz-]-v\w. A-Xp-sIm-­p-X-s¶- Rm³- \m- a-\Ê
- n-em-¡n.- i-lm-Z¯
- v- sNm-Ãn-bt
- Xm-sS-
sS-bn-cp-¶v- Rm-\pw- `-£-Ww- I-gn-¨p.- F-
«n-te-¡v- t]m-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¶v- ap-X-em-fn-tbm-S-v Rm³- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- a-\p-jy-\m-bn- am-dn;-- {k-
s³d- Hm-e-ta-ª- ho-Spw- Nm-W-Iw- sa-gp-
]-d-ªp.- A-Xn-s\-´m,- c-­p-Zn-h-kw- F- jvS
- m-hn-sâ- ap-¼nÂ- am-{Xw- X-eI
- p-\n-¡m³-
Inb- \n-e-hpw- h-¡p-s]m-«n-b- a¬-]m-{X-
sâ- ho-«nÂ- \nÂ-¡-mw-- F-¶p- ]-d-ªv- F- B-h-iy-s¸-Sp-¶- Hcp- ZÀ-i-\-¯n-sâ,- hn-
hpw- Rm³- H-mÀ-¯p.- A-t±-l-¯n-s³-d- `m-
s¶- A-t±-lw- kz-´w- ho-«n-te-¡v- Iq-«n- th-N\
- a
- n-Ãm-¯- a-X¯
- n-sâ- A-\p-bm-bn-bm-
cy-bm-Is
- «- H-cp- A-½b
- p-sS- hm-Õe
- y-t¯m-
s¡m-­p-t]-mb
- n.- tlm-«e
- nÂ- \n¶pw- c-­p- Ip-hm³- I-gn-ª-XnÂ- A-`n-am-\n-¡p-¶- H-
sS- s]-cp-am-dn.- A-bn-¯-an-Ã.- Pm-Xn-bp-sS-
In-tem-ao-äÀ- Zq-sc-bm-bn-cp-¶p- A-t±-l¯
- n- cp- a-\p-jy³.- Ip-Spw-_-¯n-se- a-äm-cpw- F-
bpw- a-X¯
- n-s³-db
- pw- thÀ-Xn-cn-hn-Ã.- Rm³-
s³-d- ho-Sv.- Cu- I-dp-¼-\m-b- Xm-gv-¶- Pm-
F-s¶-¯-s¶- a-d-¶- \n-an-j-§Ä.- s¶- ]n³-]-än-bn-sÃ-¦n-epw- B-cpw- C-t¶-
Xn-¡m-c-s\- F-§-s\- ap-X-em-fn- ho-«nÂ-
h-sc- F-s¶- F-XnÀ-«nÃ- F-¶-Xv- B-iz-m-
A-hc
- p-sS- \-ak
- I
v- m-ch
- pw- {]-mÀ-Y\
- b
- pw-
Xm-ak
- n-¸n-¡pw F-¶- Nn-´bm-bn-cp-¶p- A-
k-I-c-am-Wv.- -
Rm³- A-Ûp-Xt
- ¯m-sS- t\m-¡n-¡­
- p.- h-
t§m-«p- t]m-Ip-t¼-mÄ-- F-sâ a-\-Êp- \n-d-
Ãm-s¯m-cp- A-\p-`q-Xn- A-sX-¶n-ep-WÀ-
sb.- Zp-c-\p-`-h-§Ä- G-sd-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶-

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 49
B-tcm-Sp- tNm-Zn- ¡pw-?-
A_q-A-ao³--

""a\pjytc, Hcp DZmlcWanXm hnhcn¡s¸Sp¶p. \n§Ä AXv {i²n¨p tIÄ


¡pI. XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlphn\v ]pdsa \n§Ä hnfn¨p {]mÀYn¡p¶hÀ Hcp
Cu¨sbt¸mepw krjvSn¡pIbnÃ. AXn¶mbn AhscÃmhcpw H¯ptNÀ¶mÂ
t]mepw. Cu¨ AhcpsS ]¡Â \n¶v hÃXpw X«nsbSp¯m AXnsâ ]¡Â
\n¶v AXv tamNn¸ns¨Sp¡m\pw AhÀ¡v IgnbnÃ. At]£n¡p¶h\pw At]
£n¡s¸Sp¶h\pw ZpÀ_eÀ Xs¶--''-- þJpÀ-B³- 22:- 73

B{K-l§
- f
- pw- B-hi
- y-§f
- p-an-Ãm-¯- kÂ-IÀ-a§
- s
- f- \-in-¸n-¡p-¶X
- p-am-Wv- B- fn-¨p- {]-mÀ-Yn¡m-t\m- k-lm-bw- tX-Sm-t\m-

a-\p-jy-cn-Ã.- Hm-tcm-cp-¯-cp-sS-bpw kv-Yn- {]-hr-¯n-sb-¶pw- JpÀ-B³- D-WÀ-¯p-¶p- ssZ-h-`-à-\-m-b- H-cp- a-lm-\pw- ]-Tn-¸n-¨n-

Xn-hn-ti-j§
- Ä-¡\
- p-kc
- n-¨v- A-Xv- hy-Xym- ­v.- «n-Ã.-

k-s¸-«n-cn-¡pw.- A-h- ]qÀ-¯o-Ic


- n-¡m-\pw- a-\p-jyÀ-¡v- am-Xr-Im-]p-cp-j-·m-cm-bn- H-cp- kr-jvS
- n-bpw- k-rj
- vS
- n-If
- p-sS- {]mÀ-
k-^e
- o-Ic
- n-¡m-\p-ap-Å- {i-a¯
- n-em-Wv- Hm- \n-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-«- kÀ-h- ssZ-h-Zq-X-·m-cpw- Y-\I
- f
- pw- B-cm
- [
- \
- b
- p-sS- a-än-\§
- f
- pw- AÀ-

tcm-cp-¯c
- pw.- ]-et
- ¸m-gpw- X-sâ- {i-a§
- Ä- kÀ-h-i-à-\m-b- {k-jv-Sm-hn-t\m-Sp- am-{X- ln-¡p-¶n-Ã F-¶p-WÀ-¯p-¶- hn-ip-²-

am-{Xw- A-Xn-\v- t]m-cm-sb-¶v- A-h-\p-X- am-Wv- hn-fn-¨p- {]mÀ-Yn-¨-Xv.- A-h-scm-s¡- JÀ-B³- A-h-c-p-sS- ZuÀ-_-ey-§Ä- A-

s¶- t_m-[y-s¸-S-m-dp-­v.- X-tâ-Xm-b- ]-cn- bpw- X-§-fp-sS- {]-t_m-[-n-X- k-aq-l-§- Xn-\p- Im-cW
- a
- m-bn- F-Sp-¯p-Im-Wn-¡p-¶-

{i-a-§Ä-¡-¸p-d-ap-Å- Im-cy-§-fp-sS- ]qÀ- sf-- {]-Y-a-am-bn- D-WÀ-¯nb- -{]-[m-\-Im- Xv- Im-Wp-I-:-

¯o-I-c-W-¯n-\m-bn- B-sc- k-ao-]n-¡-pw?- cyw- Cu- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- Im-c-y-am-bn-cp-¶p.--


""....-Ah\p ]pdsa BtcmSv \n§Ä
B-tcm-Sp- ]-d-bpw- X-sâ- k-¦-S-§-fpw- B-
""Rm\ÃmsX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan {]mÀYn¡p¶pthm AhÀ Hcp Cu´¸
{K-l-§-fpw?-- B-tc-m-Sp- tNm-Zn-¡pw- X-sâ-
Ã. AXn\m Fs¶ \n§Ä Bcm[n g¡pcphnsâ ]mSt]mepw DSas¸Sp¯p
B-h-iy-§Ä?-
¡q F¶v t_m[\w \ÂIns¡m­-Ãm ¶nÃ. \n§Ä AhtcmSv {]mÀYn¡p¶

X-s¶-t¸m-se- H-t«-sd- ]-cn-[-n-I-fpw- ]- sX \n\¡v ap¼v Hcp ZqXs\bpw \mw ]£w AhÀ \n§fpsS {]mÀY\ tIÄ

cn-an-Xn-I-fpw I-gn-hp-tI-Sp-I-fp-ap-Å- (a-c-n- Ab¨n«nÃ''- (21:-25)-. ¡pIbnÃ. AhÀ tI«mepw \n§Ä¡

¨p-t]m-b-h-cpw- Po-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-cpam-b)- hÀ D¯cw \ÂIp¶XÃ. DbnÀs¯gp


""Rm-\pw- F-\n-¡p-ap-¼p-Å- F-Ãm- {]-
-kr-jv-Sn-I-sf-bm-Wv- a-\p-jy-cnÂ- `q-cn-`m-K- t¶Â]nsâ \mfnemIs« \n§Ä Ah
hm-N-I-·m-cpw- ]-d-ª-XnÂ- G-ä-hpw- DÂ-
hpw- {]-bm-k-L-«-§-fnÂ- HmÀ-¡p-¶-Xpw- sc ]¦mfnIfm¡nbXns\ AhÀ \ntj
IrjvS
- a
- m-b- h-N\
- w- A-Ãm-lp-hÃ
- m-sX- B-
k-ao-]n-¡p-¶Xpw-.- kr-jv-Sn-I-fm-Wv- A-h- [n¡p¶XpamWv. kq£vaPvRm\apÅ
cm-[-\-IÄ-¡À-l-\m-bn- a-äm-cp-an-Ã- F-¶-

sc-¶-Xn-\mÂ- A-hÀ-¡-p-Xs¶- -\q-dp-\q-dv- hs\(AÃmlpsh) t]-mse \n\¡v hn


Xm-bn-cp-¶p''- F-¶-v ap-l-½-Zv- \-_n-(k)- D-

B-h-iy-§-fp-­m-bn-cn-¡pw.- hn-i-¸pw- Zm- hcw Xcm³ BcpanÃ''- (35:-13,-14).-


WÀ-¯n-b-n-«-p-Å-Xv- {i-t²-b-am-Wv.-

l-hpw- £o-W-hpw- D-d-¡-hpw- a-b-¡-hp-ap- A-\p-{K-l§


- Ä- [m-cm-fa
- m-bn- I-\n-ª-
tIm-Sn-¡-W-¡n-\v- a-\p-jy-cp-sS- \q-dp-
Å-h-cnÂ- A-`-bw- {]m-]n-¡p-¶-XnÂ- F- cp-fn-b- {k-jS
v- m-hn-t\m-Sv- {]mÀ-Yn-¡p-t¼mÄ-
\q-dm-hi
- y-§Ä- hn-hn-[§
- f
- m-b- `m-jI
- f
- nÂ-
´p- bp-àn-bm-Wp-ÅX
- ?
v - {k-jS
-v m-hn-s\- A- A-h-t\m-Sp-Å- \-µn-bpw- A-Ãm-¯-h-tcm-
- tem-I¯
- n-sâ- F-Ãm-`m-K§
- f
- nÂ- \n-¶pam-
h-KW
- n-¨s
- Im-­v- kr-jvS
- n-It
- fm-Sv- {]mÀ-Yn- Sm-Ip-t¼mÄ- A-t§-bä
- s
- ¯- \-µn-tI-Sp-am-
bn- D-b-cp-t¼mÄ- A-h-sb-Ãmw- Xn-cn-¨-dn-
¡p-¶X
- v- a-lm-]m-]a
- m-sW-¶m-Wv- hn-ip-²- sW-¶m-Wv- JpÀ-B³- ]-Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv.- k-
ªv- k-lm-bn-¡m³- kÀ-h-i-à-\m-b- A-
JpÀ-B³- ]-d-bp-¶-Xv.- 4:- 116,- 39:- 65 Xp-S- Xy-ssZ-h-s¯- Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªv- A-h-s\- am-
Ãm-l-p-hn-\-Ãm-sX- I-gn-bn-sÃ-¶-Xv- G-sXm-
§n-b- h-N-\-§-fn-eq-sS- {k-jv-Sm-hm-b- A- {Xw- B-cm-[n-¨v- \-µn-bp-Å- Zm-k-·m-cm-hp-
cmÄ-¡pw- F-fp-¸w- {K-ln-¡m-h-p-¶- Im-cy-
Ãm-lp-hn-\v- A-t§-b-äw- sh-dp-¸p-Å-Xpw- I.- A-Ãm-lp- A-\p-{K-ln-¡-s«.-
am-Wv.- a-lm-·m-cm-bX
- p-sIm-­v- X-§sf- hn-

2008 P-\p-h-cn- 50