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F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?

ab<d=6 m8l-k< \m8Ry+5

{]hm-N-I³(k)bpsS Ncy-Isf Ipdn¨v {][m\ambpw cïv ]Z-§-fmWv CkvemanI \nba kwln-X(-i-


co-A-¯v)bn {]tbm-Kn-¨n-«pÅXv. kp¶-¯v, lZoYv F¶n-h-bmWm]Z§Ä. {]hm-N-I³(k)bpsS Ncy-I-sf
{]-am-W-am-bw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw AX-\p-k-cn¨v PohnXw {Ias¸Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p¶-hsc Cu t]cpIfn-te¡v
tNÀ¯n bYm-{Iaw AlvepÊp¶, Alvep lZoYv F¶n-§s\ hnfn-¡m-dpïv. {]hm-N-I-Ncy-bpsS-bm-fp-IÄ
F¶v ]d-bp-t¼Ä ChÀ IzpÀB\ns\ AwKo-I-cn-¡-m¯-h-cm-W-¶ -[mc-Wbpïmth-ï-Xn-Ã. IzpÀB\ns\m¸w
{]hm-N-I-Ncybpw ]n´p-S-cp-¶-hÀ F¶-AÀY¯nemWv Ah-sc-Ip-dn¨v Cu t]cp-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. C\n
kp¶¯v, lZoYv F¶o-]-Z-§Ä sImïv -AÀY-am-¡p-¶sX-´mWv F¶v ]cn-tim-[n¡mw.

1. kp¶¯v
kp¶¯v F¶m `mj-bn amÀKw, \S-]Sn Fs¶Ãmam-WÀYw. amÀ¤w \Ã-Xm-bmepw No¯-bm-bmepw
icn- A-Xn\v kp¶¯v F¶v `mjbn {]tbmKn¡pw. ""\n§Ä \n§-fpsS ap¼pÅhcpsS kp¶¯pIsf
NmWn\p NmWmbpw apg-¯n\v apg-ambpw ]n´p-S-cp-I-Xs¶ sN¿pw'' F¶ \_n hN-\-¯nse kp¶¯v
amÀKw F¶ AÀY-¯n-emWv. hnip-²- IzpÀ-B-\n Cu]Zw ]Xn-s\m¶v Øe-§fn h¶n-«pïv. Ahn-sS-
sbÃmw amÀKw, \S]Sn F¶o-AÀY-§-fnemWv {]tbm-Kn-¨n-«p-ÅXv. aX-]-c-amb hnj-b-§-fn-Â Cu ]Zw
{]tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ {]hm-N-Isâ Ncy-IÄ BWv AXp-sImïv hnh-£n-¡-s¸-Sp-I. {]hm-NI Ncy-IÄ
F¶p ]d-bp-t¼mÄ AhnSps¯ hm¡v, {]hr-¯n, AwKo-Imcw F¶n-h-bmWv {][m-\-ambpw Dt±-in-¡-
s¸Sp¶Xv.

2. lZoYv
lZoYv F¶Xn\v `mj-bn ]pXn-bXv F¶m-WÀYw. a\p-jy-cpsS kwkm-c-¯n\pw Cu ]Zw D]-tbm-
Kn¡pw. Gähpw \qX-\§fmbn-cn-¡p-atÃm Hmtcm kwkm-chpw. hnip²IzpÀ-B-\n Ccp-]-¯n-aq¶vXhW
GI-h-N-\-ambpw A©v XhW _lp-h-N-\-ambpw Cu]Zw h¶n-«pïv. IzpÀB\n-s\-¡p-dn¨v cïv XhW
lZoYv F¶ ]Zw IzpÀB-³ {]tbm-Kn-¨n«pïv. (4:87, 39:23 ImWp-I) A{]-Imcw Xs¶ {]hm-N-Isâ kwkm-c-
s¯bpw IzpÀB³ lZoYv F¶v hntijn-¸n-¨n-«pïv. (66:3 ImWp-I). Zp³bm-hnse AXv`pX-§sf¡p-dn¨pw
ap³I-gn-ª-h-cpsS Ncn-{Xs¯ Ipdn¨pw lZoYv F¶ ]Zw IzpÀ-B³ {]tbm-Kn-¨n-«pïv (DZm: 23:44, 24:19)
icoA-¯n Cu ]Zw sImïpt±in-¡p-¶Xv {]hm-N-I³(k)bnte¡v F¯p¶ ]c-¼cIfpÅ dnt¸mÀ«p
IfmWv. AXv i-cn-bm-bmepw Csænepw icn. AtX-k-abw icn-bmb- ]-c-¼cItfmSv Ip-Snb dnt¸À«pItf
{]am-W-am-bw-Ko-I-cn-¡m³ ]äp-IbpÅp.
Npcp-¡-¯n Cu cïv ]Z-§fbmepw (kp-¶-¯v, lZo-Yv) \_n(k)bn \n¶v Ønc-s¸« AhnSps¯
IÂ]-\-IÄ, hntcm[§Ä , {]hr-¯nIÄ, AwKo-Im-c-§Ä F¶o Imcy-§-fmWv AhsImïv Dt±in¡s¸Sp-
¶Xv. CuIm-cy-§Ä \_n(k) hlvbnsâ ASn-Øm\¯n-em-Wv sNbvXXv F¶-Xn-\m Ahsb {]am-W-a-mbw-
Ko-I-cn¨v ]n³]-ä Hcp hnizmkn¡pta _m[yXbm-Wv. hnip-²-IzpÀB³ t]mse Xs¶ Ahsb A\p-k-
cn-¡Â apkvenan\v \nÀ_Ô-am-Wv.

kp¶¯v \_n (k)¡v am{Xtam?


IzpÀ-B\n\v ]pdsa kp¶-¯n-s\bpw {]am-W-am-bw-Ko-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶p ]d-bp-t¼mÄ Nne-bm-fp-IÄ tNmZn-
¡m-dp-ïv. CsX´m IzpÀ-B³ + kp¶¯v? aqkm \_n(A) \v Xudm¯v+ kp¶¯v Dïm-bn-cp-¶pthm?
Cukm \_n(A) \v C©o + kp¶¯v F¶-Xm-bn-cpt¶m {]amWw? aäp-\-_n-amÀs¡m-¶p-an-Ãm¯ Hcp ¹kv
{]amWw \_n(k)¡v F§ns\ Dïm-bn. kXy-¯n IzpÀ-B³ icn¡v a\-Ên-em-¡m-¯Xv aqe-am-Wv C¯-c-
¯n-epÅ tNmZy-§Ä AhÀ D¶-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. Hcp {]hm-N-Isâ A\p-bm-bn-IÄ¡v B {]hm-N-I\v e`n¨ thZ-
1 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?
{KÙw am{Xw ]n´p-S-cpI F¶Xv am{X-aà _m[y-X. adn¨v B {]hm-N-I\v \ÂI-s¸-Sp¶ apgp-h³ ktµ-i-
§fpw ]n³]-äpI F¶-Xp-IqSn AhÀ¡p-ta _m[y-X-bm-Wv. Cu _m[yX AhÀ Ah-K-Wn-¨m ià-amb
in£-Xs¶ Ahsc ]nSn-Iq-Sm³ km[y-X-bp-ïv. aqkm(A)sâbpw ^nÀ-Hu-\n-sâbpw Ncn{Xw hnh-cn¨v B
Imcyw hyà-am-bn-Xs¶ IzpÀ-B³ a\p-jysc ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
aZvb-\nÂ\n¶v IpSpw-_-t¯m-sSm¸w aS-§n-h-cp¶ Ah-k-c-¯n-em-WtÃm aqk(A)\v hlvbv e`n-¡p-¶-Xv.
B kµÀ`-¯n At±-l-¯n\v thZ-{K-Ù-amb Xudm¯v AÃmlp \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. A§s\ thZ-{K-Ù-an-Ãm-
sX-bmWv aqk(A) ^nÀ-Hu\nsâ ASp-t¯¡v t]mIp-¶-Xv. AhnsS t]mbn ^nÀ-Hu-\n-t\bpw At±-l-¯nsâ
P\-X-tbbpw {]t_m-[\w \S-¯n-b-t¸mÄ aqk(A) ]d-ª-Imcyw IzpÀ-B³ D²-cn-¡p¶p: ""aqksb \½psS
ZrjvSm-´-§-fp-ambn ^nÀ-Hu-\n-sâbpw Ahsâ ]uc-ap-Jy-·m-cp-tSbpw ASp-t¯¡v \mw Ab-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn.
F¶n«v At±lw ]d-ªp: XoÀ¨-bmbpw Rm³ temI-c-£n-Xm-hnsâ ZqX-\m-Ip-¶p.'' (43:46)
{][m-\-ambpw cïv Imcy-§Ä Cu kqà-¯n \n¶pw sXfn-bp-¶p. (H-¶v) thZ-{KÙw \ÂI-s¸-Sm-sX-
bmWv aqk(A) ^nÀ-Hu-\nsâ ASp-¡-te¡v t]mb-Xv. F¶n«pw IzpÀ-B³ aqk(A) s\¡p-dn¨v ""Nne ZrjvSm-
´-§-fp-am-bn-t]mbn'' F¶v ]d-ª-XnÂ\n¶v {]hm-N-I-·mÀ¡v thZ-{K-Ù-§Ä am{X-a-à ZrjvSm-´-ambn e`n-
¡p-¶Xv F¶pw AXn\v ]pd-sa-bpÅ Nne kwK-Xn-Ifpw ZrjvSm-´-ambn e`n¡mw F¶pw Ahsb ]n³]-äÂ
B kaq-l-¯n\v \nÀ_-Ô-am-sW¶pw {Kln-¡mw. thZ-{K-Ù-a-Ãm¯ hlvbpw Nne apAvPnk-¯p-Ifp (h-Sn,
ssI {]Im-in-¡Â........) ambn-«mWv aqkm(A) t]mb-Xv. CXn \n¶pw aqk(A)¡v BZyw e`n-¨-Xv kp¶-¯m-
bn-cp¶p F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡mw.
(cïv) thZ-{KÙw e`n-¡m¯ {]h-Nm-I-s\-¡p-dn¨pw dkq F¶v ]d-bpw. At¸mÄ dkq-en\v thZ-{K-Ù-
¯n\v ]pdsa e`n-¡p¶ hlvbpw kzoI-cn-¡Â \nÀ_-Ô-am-Wv. A¯cw hlvbp-Isf \ntj-[n-¨-Xnsâ ^e-am-
bn-«mWv AÃmlp ^nÀ-Hu-\ns\ \in-¸n-¨-Xv. IzpÀ-B³ ]d-bp¶p: ""]qÀÆ Xe-ap-d-Isf (^nÀ-Hu-\n-t\bpw
kwL-t¯-bpw) \mw \in-¸n-¨-Xn\v tijw P\-§Ä¡v DÄImgvN \ÂIp¶ sXfn-hp-Ifpw amÀ¤-ZÀi-\hpw
Imcp-Wy-hp-am-bn-s¡mïv aqkm¡v \mw thZ-{KÙw \ÂIp-I-bp-ïm-bn. AhÀ Nn´n¨v {Kln-t¨-¡m-a-tÃm.''
(28:43)
Npcp-¡-¯n aqkm(A)\v Xudm-¯-Ãm¯ hlvbp-Ifpw \ÂI-s¸-«n-cp-¶p-sh¶pw B kp¶-¯ns\
\ntj-[n-¨-Xn-\m-emWv ^nÀ-Hu-\n-t\bpw kwL-t¯bpw AÃmlp \in-¸n-¨Xv F¶pw \mw Iïp. {]hm-N-Isâ
kp¶-¯p-Isf \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v hyà-amb Xm¡o-Xm-Wv ^nÀ-Hu-\nsâ \miw. CXv thZ-{KÙw \ÂI-
s¸« {]hm-N-I-cpsS kwK-Xn-bm-sW-¦n thZ-{KÙw Xs¶ e`n-¡m¯ F{Xtbm {]hm-N-·mÀ Ign-ªp-t]m-bn-
«p-ïv. Ah-sc-Ãmw-Xs¶ kp¶-¯p-IÄ ASn-Øm-\-am-¡n-bm-bn-cp¶p {]t_m-[-\hpw Bcm-[-\bpw A\p-jvSm-\-
§-fp-saÃmw \S-¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xv.
IzpÀ-B³ ]d-bp¶p: ""(\_ntb) \qln\pw At±-l-¯n\v tij-apÅ {]hm-N-I-·mÀ¡pw \mw ktµiw
\ÂIn-b-Xp-t]mse Xs¶ \n\¡pw \mw ktµiw \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C_vdmlow, Ckvam-CuÂ, Ckvlm-Jv,
bAvIzq_vk´-Xn-IÄ, Cukm, A¿q-_v, bq\p-kv, lmdq³, kpsse-am³ F¶n-hÀ¡pw \mw hlvbv \ÂIn-bn-
cn-¡p-¶p. Zmhq-Zn\v \mw k_qÀ \ÂIn.'' (4:161) Cu Bb-¯n ]cm-aÀin-¡-s¸-«-h-cn C_vdmlow ,
Cukm, ZmhqZv(A) F¶n-hÀ¡v am{X-am-Wv thZ-{KÙw e`n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. aäp-Å-hÀs¡Ãmw thZ-{K-Ù-a-Ãm¯
hlvbv BWv e`n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. AXnsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-em-W-hÀ {]t_m-[\w \S-¯n-b-Xv.
apI-fn ]dª Imcy-§-fn \n¶pw {][m-\-ambpw cïv kwK-Xn-IÄ Dcn-¯n-cn-ªp-h-¶p. (H-¶v) apl-
½Zv \_n(k)¡v ap¼pÅ {]hm-N-I-·mÀ¡v thZ-{K-Ù-a-Ãm¯ hlvbp-IÄ In«n-bn-cp-¶p. (c-ïv) A¯cw
hlvbpIsf ]n³]-ä Ah-cpsS kaq-l-¯nsâ ta _m[y-X-bm-bn-cp-¶p.--

\_n (k)¡v IzpÀB\Ãm¯ hlvbpIÄ e`n¨n«ptïm?


apl-½Zv \_n(k)¡v ap¼pÅ {]hm-N-I-·mÀ¡v thZ-{K-Ù-cq-]-¯n-ep-Å-X-Ãm¯ hlvbp-Ifpw In«n-bn-
«pïv F¶v \mw a\-Ên-em-¡n. C\n ]cn-tim-[n-¡m-\p-ÅXv apl-½Zv \_n(k)¡pw A¯-c-¯n thZ-{K-Ù-
¯n\v ]pd-sa-bpÅ hlvbp-IÄ e`n-¨n-«ptïm F¶m-Wv. hnip² IzpÀ-B-\n Cu hnj-b-¯n h¶n-«pÅ
Nne sXfn-hp-IÄ ChnsS D²-cn-¡mw.
1) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""(\-_n-tb) \qln\pw At±-l-¯n\v tij-apÅ {]hm-N-I-·mÀ¡pw \mw ktµiw
\ÂIn-b-Xp-t]mse Xs¶ \n\¡pw \mw ktµiw \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C_vdmlow, Ckvam-CuÂ, CkvlmIzv,
bAvIzq_v k´-Xn-IÄ, Cukm, A¿q-_v, bq\p-kv, lmdq³, kpsse-am³ F¶n-hÀ¡pw \mw ktµiw \ÂIn-
bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Zmhq-Zn\v \mw k_qÀ \ÂIn.'' (4:163)
2 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?
Cu Bb-¯n apl-½Zv \_n(k)¡v In«nb hlvbns\ \qlv \_n(A) apX temI¯v h¶ apgp-h³
{]hm-N-·m-cp-tSbpw hlvbn-t\mSv Xmc-Xayw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. CXn ]dª C_vdm-low, Zmhq-Zv,
Cukm(A) F¶n-hÀ¡v ]pd-sa-bpÅ {]hm-N-·m-cpsS thZ-{K-Ù-t¯-¡p-dn¨v IzpÀ-B-\n ]cm-aÀi-an-Ã. AXn-
¶À°w Ah-cpsS hlvbp-IÄ thZ-{K-Ù-cq-]-¯n-ep-Å-Xm-bn-cp-¶nà F¶m-Wv. {KÙw \ÂI-s¸« {]hm-N-I-
cpsS hlvbn-t\mSpw {KÙw \ÂI-s¸-Sm¯ {]hm-N-I-·m-cpsS hlvbn-t\mSpw apl-½Zv \_n(k) bpsS
hlvbns\ kmZr-iy-s¸-Sp-¯n-b-XnÂ\n¶pw {]hm-N-I\v cïv cq]-¯n-epÅ hlvbpw e`n-¨n-«p-sï¶v {Kln-¡m-
\m-Ipw. A§-s\-b-Ãm-sb-¦n {KÙw \ÂI-s¸-Sm¯ {]hm-N-I-·m-cpsS hlvbns\ \_n(k)bpsS
hlvbnt\mSv Xmc-Xayw sN¿p-¶-Xn ]ns¶ F´v AÀ°-am-Wp-Å-Xv.
2) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""(t\-cn-«p-Å) Hcp t_m[\w F¶ \ne-bntem Hcp ad-bpsS ]n-¶nÂ\n-¶m-bn-
s¡mtïm Hcp ZqXs\ Ab¨v AÃm-lp-hnsâ A\p-hm-Z-{]-Imcw Ah³ Dt±-in-¡p-¶Xv At±lw (Zq-X³)
t_m[\w \ÂIpI F¶ \ne-bntem AÃmsX AÃmlp Xt¶mSv kwkm-cn-¡pI F¶ Imcyw bmsXmcp a\p-
jy\pw Dïm-hp-I-bn-Ã. XoÀ¨-bmbpw Ah³ D¶-X\pw bpàn-am-\p-am-Ip¶p.'' (42:51)
{]hmNI-·mÀ¡v AÃmlp hlvbp-IÄ \ÂIp¶ aq¶v cq]-amWv ChnsS hnh-cn-¨-Xv. apl-½Zv
\_n(k)¡v IzpÀ-B³ e`n-¨Xv aq¶m-as¯ cq]-¯n-eq-sS-bm-sW¶v IzpÀ-B³ ]d-bp¶p. ""(\-_n-tb) ]d-
bpI: (IzpÀ-B³ F¯n-¨p-X-cp-¶) Pn_vco F¶ ae¡n-t\m-SmWv BÀs¡-¦nepw i{Xp-X-sb-¦n At±-l-
aXv \nsâ a\-Ên Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv AÃm-lp-hnsâ D¯-c-h-\p-k-cn¨v am{X-am-Wv.'' (2:97). AtX kabw
\_n(k)¡v Pn_vco aptJ-\-b-ÃmsX kz]v\-¯n-eq-sSbpw Nne hlvbpIÄ e`n-¨n-«p-sï¶v IzpÀ-B³ ]d-
bp¶p. ""AÃmlp Ahsâ ZqX\v kz]v\w kXy-{]-Imcw km£mÂIcn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AXm-bXv AÃmlp Dt±-in-
¡p¶ ]£w kam-[m\ Nn¯-cm-bn-s¡mïv Xe-ap-Þ\w sNbvX-hcpw apSn-sh-«n-b-hcpw Bbn-s¡mïv
\n§Ä H¶pw `b-s¸-SmsX akvPn-Zp ldm-an {]th-in-¡pI Xs¶ sN¿p-¶-Xm-Wv F¶ kz]v\w...'' (48:27).
CXv {]hm-N-Isâ tIh-e-samcp kz]v\w am{X-am-bn-cp¶p F¶v ]dªv XÅm-\m-hn-Ã. ImcWw {]hm-N-I-·m-
cpsS kz]v\§Ä, AXv hlvbmbn-cn-¡p-sa¶v IzpÀ-B³ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p-ïv. C{_mlnw(A) Xsâ aI-t\mSv
]dbp¶Xv t\m¡q: ""Fsâ Ipªp aIt\! Rm³ \ns¶ Adp-¡-W-sa¶v Rm³ kz]v\-¯n ImWp-¶p. \o
F´mWv A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv? (37:102) CXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v aI³ CkvamCu-ensâ adp-]Sn ""]nXm-th, IÂ]n-¡-s¸-
Sp-¶-sXt´m AXv Xm¦Ä sNbvXp-sIm-ÅpI'' F¶m-bn-cp-¶p. {]hm-Nm-I-\mb ]nXm-hnsâ kz]v\s¯
shdpw kz]v\-am-b-Ã, ssZh-I¸-\-bm-bn-«mWv aI³ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bXv F¶m-WtÃm CXv hyà-am-¡p-¶-Xv.
]p{X³ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bXv sXäm-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¦n AÃmlp AXv Xncp-¯p-am-bn-cp-¶p. AtX ka-bw, AÃmlp
C§s\bmWv ]d-ªXv: ""C{_mlnw, XoÀ¨-bmbpw \o kz]v\w km£m-XvI-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. A{]-Im-c-amWv
kZvhr¯À¡v \mw {]Xn-^ew \ÂIp-¶-Xv.'' (37:105). CXn \n¶pw C{_mlnw \_n(A)¡v kz]v\-¯n-eqsS
In«nb ktµiw hlvbmbn-cp-¶p-sh¶v kpXcmw hyà-am-bn. A§s\sb¦n apl-½Zv \_n(k)¡v kz]v\-
¯n-eqsS AÃmlp Adn-bn¨v sImSp¯ Imcy-§fpw hlvbmWv F¶v sXfn-bp-¶p. B kz]v\-cq-]-¯n-epÅ
hlvbpIÄ IzpÀ-B-\n-en-Ã. At¸mÄ {]hm-N-I³(k)¡v IzpÀ-B³ AÃm¯ hlvbpIfpw e`n-¨n-«pïv F¶v
CXv aqew Øm]n-X-am-bn.
3) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: (\-_n-tb) \nsâ apJw BIm-i-t¯¡v Xncn-ªp-sIm-ïn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv \mw ImWp-
¶p-ïv. AXn-\m \n\-¡n-jvS-am-Ip¶ Hcp Jn_vebn-te¡v \ns¶ \mw Xncn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. C\n-ta \o \nsâ
apJw akvPn-Zp ldm-ansâ t\À¡v Xncn-¡p-I. \n§Ä FhnsSbmbn-cp-¶mepw AXnsâ t\À¡mWv \n§Ä
apJw Xcnt¡ï-Xv. (2:114)
\_n(k)bpw klm-_¯pw ]Xn-t\gv amk-t¯mfw Ah-cpsS \a-kv¡m-c-§-fn ss_¯p apJ-Zn-kn-
s\-bm-bn-cp¶p Jn_vebm-¡n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. Cu Bb¯v Ah-X-cn-¨-tXm-Sp-IqSn IAv_sb Jn_vebm¡n \nÝ-bn-
¡-s¸-«p. IzpÀ-B-\n Fhn-sSbpw ss_¯p apJ-±-kns\ Jn_vebm-¡Ww F¶ IÂ]-\-bn-Ã. A{]-Imcw
Xs¶ IAv_bn-te¡v Xncnªv \a-kv¡-cn-¡m-\m-bn-cp¶p \_n(k) B{K-ln-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. F¶n«pw {]hm-N-
I³(k) ss_¯p apJ-±-kn-te¡v Xncnªp \a-kvI-cn-s¨-¦n AXv AÃm-lp-hnsâ {]tXyI \nÀt±iw
aqe-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v XoÀ¨-bm-Wv. ]s£ A¯-c-samcp \nÀt±iw IzpÀ-B-\n \n¶v \ap¡v e`n-¡p-¶nÃ
F¶-Xn-\m IzpÀ-B-\n\v ]pd-sa-bpÅ Hcp hlvbneq-sS-bmWv B \nÀt±iw {]hm-N-I\v e`n-¨-Xv F¶v a\-Ên-
em-¡mw. AXn-\m IzpÀ-B-\n\v ]pd-sabpw \_n(k)¡v hlvbv e`n-¨n-«p-sï¶v CXn-eqsS sXfn-bp-¶p.
4) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""t\m¼nsâ cm{Xn-bn \n§-fpsS `mcy-am-cp-am-bpÅ kwkÀ¤w \n§Ä¡-\p-h-Zn-
¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ \n§Äs¡mcp hkv{X-am-Ip-¶p. \n§Ä AhÀ¡pw Hcp hkv{X-hpam-Ip-¶p. \n§Ä
Bß h©\ \S-¯p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v AÃmlp Adn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶m AÃmlp \n§-fpsS ]Ým-Xm-

3 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?


]w kzoI-cn-¡p-Ibpw s]mdp-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXn-\m C\n-ta \n§Ä Ah-cp-ambn kl-h-kn-
¡p-Ibpw AÃmlp \n§Ä¡v \nÝ-bn-¨Xv tXSp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-Åp-I.'' (2:187)
Cu Bb-¯nsâ Ah-X-c-W-¯n\v ap¼v da-fm-\nsâ cm{Xn-I-fn kv{XoI-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-Sp-¶Xv
apkvenwIÄ¡p-ta \njn-²-am-bn-cp-¶p. B \njn²w \ne-\nÂs¡ Xs¶ NneÀ AXn hogvN hcp-¯n.
Ahsc Bt£-]n-¨p-sIm-ïpw, AhÀ¡v ]m]-tam-N\ hmÀ¯ Adn-bn¨p sImïpw, B \nbaw Xncp-¯n-s¡m-
ïp-amWv Cu Bb¯v Cd-§p-¶-Xv. da-fm-\nsâ cm{Xn-bn \n§Ä kv{Xo kwkÀ¤w ]peÀ¯-cpXv F¶v ]d-
ªp-sIm-ïpÅ Hcm-b¯v IzpÀ-B-\n ImWp-¶n-Ã. AtX kabw A§-s\-sbmcp \nb-a-ap-ïm-bn-cp-s¶¶pw
AXns\ NneÀ ewLn-¨p-sh¶pw Cu Bb-¯n-eqsS hyà-am-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ImcWw Ah-cpsS {]hr-
¯nsb "h©\' F¶mWv IzpÀ-B³ hnti-jn-¸n-¨-Xv. am{X-hp-aà B sXäv \n§Ä¡v am¸v sNbvXn-cn-¡p¶p
F¶pw ]d-bp-¶p. AXn-\mÂ, sN¿m³ ]mSn-Ãm-Xn-cp¶ Hcp Imcy-amWv AhÀ sNbvX-sX¶v a\-Ên-em-bn.
F¶m B \njn-²-amb Imcy-s¯-¡p-dn¨v IzpÀ-B-\n ]cm-aÀin-¡p-¶p-an-Ã. CXn \n¶pw, IzpÀ-B-\-
Ãm¯ hlvbneq-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p B \nbaw {]hm-N-I³(k)¡v e`n-¨-Xv F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡mw.
5) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: \_n At±-l-¯nsâ `mcy-am-cn Hcm-tfmSv Hcp hÀ¯-am\w cl-ky-ambn ]dª
kµÀ`w. F¶n«v B `mcy AXv (a-sämcp `mcy-sb) Adn-bn-¡p-Ibpw \_n¡v AÃmlp AXv shfn-s¸-Sp-¯n-
s¡m-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX-t¸mÄ AXnsâ Nne `mKw At±lw (B `mcy-¡v) Adn-bn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p-Ibpw Nne
`mKw hn«p If-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. A§s\ Ah-tfmSv At±lw AXn-s\-¸än hnhcw Adn-bn-¨-t¸mÄ AhÀ
]dªp: Xm¦Ä¡v BcmWv Cu hnhcw Adn-bn¨p X¶-Xv? \_n(k) ]dªp: kÀÆ-Ú\pw kq£-a-Úm-
\n-bp-am-bn-«p-Å-h-\mWv F\n¡v hnh-c-a-dn-bn-¨p-X-¶-Xv. (66:3)
\_n(k) l^vk(-d)-tbmSv cl-ky-ambn Hcp Imcyw ]dªp. l^vk(-d)-bm-hs« B Imcyw
Bbni(d)sb Adn-bn-¨p. Cu hnhcw \_n(k)sb AÃmlp Adn-bn-¨p. AtXkabw A§-s\-sbmcp hnhcw
\ÂIp¶ Hcm-b¯v IzpÀ-B-\n-en-Ã. CXn \n¶pw IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ hlvbneqsSbmWv B hnhcw AÃmlp
{]mhm-N-I³(k)sb Adn-bn-¨-Xv F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡mw. AtXm-sSm¸w \_n(k)¡v IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ hlvbpw
e`n-¨n-«pïv F¶v sXfn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
6) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""\n§Ä hà Cu¯-¸-\bpw apdn-¡p-Itbm AsÃ-¦n Ahsb Ah-bpsS apc-Sp-
I-fn \n¡m³ hnSp-Itbm sN¿p¶ ]£w AXv AÃm-lp-hnsâ A\p-aXn {]Im-c-am-Wv. A[Àa-Im-cn-Isf
A]-am-\-s¸-Sp-¯m³ thïn-bp-am-Wv.'' (59:5)
bp²-k-µÀ`-§-fn i{Xp-cm-jv{S-¯nse ac-§Ä \in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xns\ hntcm-[n¨ {]hm-N-I³(k) _\q-\-
foÀ tKm{X-¡m-cp-am-bp-ïmb bp²-¯n Ah-cpsS Nne Cu´-¸-\-IÄ apdn¨pIf-bm³ IÂ]n-¨p. Cu \S-]-
Snsb i{Xp-¡Ä Bt£-]n-¨-t¸mÄ, AÃm-lp-hnsâ IÂ]\{]Im-c-amWv A{]-Imcw sNbvXXv F¶v adp-]Sn
]d-bm-\m-Wv AÃmlp IÂ]n-¨-Xv. AtX kabw A¯-c-samcp IÂ]\ IzpÀ-B-\n \mw ImWp-¶n-Ã. CXnÂ
\n¶pw IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ hlvbneq-sS-bmWv A¯-c-samcp IÂ]\ \_n(k)¡v e`n-¨Xv F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡mw.
7) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""cïp kwL-§-fn-sem¶v \n§Ä¡v A[o-\-am-Ip-sa¶v AÃmlp \n§-tfmSv
hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-cp¶ kµÀ`w (HmÀ¡p-I).'' (8:7)
_ZÀ bp²-th-f-bn i{Xp-¡-fpsS cïv kwL-§-fn s]« (A-_q-Plvensâ kwLw, A_q
kp^vbmsâ kwLw) Hcp kwLs¯ AÃmlp apkvenwIÄ¡v A[o-\-am-¡p-sa¶v hmKvZm\w \ÂInb
Imcyw HmÀan-¸n-¡p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS. IzpÀ-B-\n-se-hn-sSbpw A¯-c-samcp hmKvZm-\s¯ Ipdn¨v ]cm-aÀi-an-Ã.
bp²m-\-´cw Ahsc B kwKXn HmÀan-¸n-¡pI am{X-amWv Cu Bb-¯n-eqsS. AXn-\m IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯
hlvbneq-sS-bmWv A¯-c-samcp hmKvZm\w AÃmlp \ÂIn-bXv F¶v sXfn-bp-¶p.
8) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""Ah-cpsS ASp-¡-te¡v \n§Ä aS-§n-sb-¯n-bm \n§-tfm-S-hÀ Hgn-hp-I-gnhv
]d-bp-¶-Xm-Wv. ]d-bpI: \n§Ä Hgn-I-gn-shm¶pw ]d-tb-ï. \n§sf R§Ä hniz-kn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. (Im-c-Ww)
\n§-fpsS Nne hÀ¯-am-\-§Ä AÃmlp R§Ä¡v Adn-bn¨p X¶n-«p-ïv.'' (9:94)
X_q¡v bp²-¯n \n¶v AIm-c-W-ambn ]n´n \n¶-hsc kw_-Ôn¨v {]hm-N-I³ (kz)¡v AÃmlp
Adn-bn¨p sImSp-¯n-«pïv F¶v ChnsS ]d-bp-¶p. AtX kabw A¯-c-samcp kwK-Xnsb Ipdn¨v IzpÀ-B-\n-
se-hn-sSbpw ]cm-aÀi-an-Ã-Xm-\pw. At¸mÄ IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ hlvbneq-sS-bmWv AÃmlp Ah-sc-¸än
\_n(k)sb Adn-bn-¨Xv F¶v a\-Ên-em-hp-¶p.
apI-fn hnh-cn¨ sXfn-hp-I-fn \n¶v apl-½Zv \_n(k)¡v IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ \nc-h[n hlvbpIÄ e`n-¨n-
«p-sï¶v GsXmcp ip²-lr-Z-b\pw kwi-b-te-i-at\y {Kln-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. Cu kqà-§Ä¡v ]pdsa \nc-

4 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?


h[n Bb-¯p-I-fn Cu Imcyw ]cm-aÀin-¡-s¸-«n-«p-ïv. Øe ]cn-anXn aqew Ah X¡mew Hgn-hm-¡p-I-
bmWv.

IzpÀ-B-\-Ãm¯ hlvbpIÄ {]am-Wtam?


apl-½Zv \_n(k)bpsS ap¼pÅ {]hm-N-I³amÀ¡v e`n-¨Xv t]mse thZ-{K-Ù-¯n\v ]pd-sa-bpÅ
hlvbpIÄ \_n(k)¡pw e`n-¨n-«p-sï¶v \mw sXfnhp klnXw {Kln-¨-tÃm. C\n, A¯cw hlvbpIÄ
]n³]-ä-epw, AsXmcp {]am-W-am-bn-«w-Ko-I-cn-¡epw Hcp apkvenansâ ta \nÀ_-Ô-amtWm F¶mWv ]cn-
tim-[n-t¡-ï-Xv. IzpÀ-B³ F¯n¨p sImSp-¡p¶ HcmÄ F¶-Xn-ep-]-cn-bmbn aX Imcy-§-fn A`n-{]mbw
]d-bm³ A[n-Im-c-apÅ Bfm-bn-cpt¶m {]hm-N-I³(k) F¶pw ]cn-tim-[n-t¡-ï-Xp-ïv. aX-Im-cy-§-fnÂ
IÂ]-\m-[n-Imcw \_n(k)-¡p-sï¶v sXfn-ªmÂ, B IÂ]-\-Isf kzoI-cn-t¡-ïXv Hmtcm hnizm-kn¡pw
\nÀ_-Ô-am-sW¶v ]d-tb-ï-Xn-Ã-tÃm. C\n \ap¡v sXfn-hp-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¡mw.
1-) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""X§-fpsS ]¡-epÅ Xudm-¯nepw C³Po-enepw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸-«-Xmbn
AhÀ¡v Isï-¯m³ Ign-bp¶ B A£-c-Úm-\-an-Ãm¯ {]hm-N-I-\mb ssZh-Zq-Xs\ (ap-l-½Zv \_n-sb)
]n³]-äp-¶-hÀ¡v (Im-cpWyw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xm-Wv). Ah-tcm-S-t±lw kZm-Nmcw IÂ]n-¡p-Ibpw Zpcm-Nm-c-
¯n \n¶-hsc hne-¡pIpw sN¿p-¶p. \à hkvXp-¡Ä AhÀ¡v At±lw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-¡p-Ibpw No¯
hkvXp-¡Ä Ah-cpsS ta \njn-²-am-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Ah-cpsS `mc-§fpw Ah-cpsS taep-ïm-bn-cp¶
hne-§p-Ifpw At±lw Cd¡n sh¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. At¸mÄ At±-l-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw At±-
ls¯ ]n´p-W-¡p-Ibpw klm-bn-¡p-Ibpw At±-l-t¯m-sSm¸w Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-«n-«pÅ B {]Im-is¯
]n³]-äp-Ibpw sNbvX-h-cmtcm Ah-cmWv hnP-bn-IÄ.'' (7:157)
thZ-¡m-cpsS taep-ïm-bn-cp¶ Nne \nb-a-§sf Ckvemw AhÀ¡v eLq-I-cn¨v \ÂInb Imcyw Cu
Bb-¯n-eqsS AÃmlp DWÀ¯p-¶p. F¶m B \nb-a-§sf Xncp-¯nb kwKXn kqNn-¸n-¨-t¸mÄ IzpÀ-
B³ AXv {]hm-NI\nte-¡mWv tNÀ¯n ]d-ªXv F¶ Imcyw {it²-b-am-Wv. AÃmlp Xncp¯n Ft¶m
IzpÀ-B³ Xpcp¯n Ft¶m ]d-bmsX dkqÂ(k) B \nb-a-§sf eLq-I-cn¨p F¶v ]d-ª-Xn \n¶v,
dkqÂ(k)\pw AÃmlphnsâ IÂ]\ {]Imcw aX-¯n Imcy-§Ä Xncp-¯m\pw Øm]n-¡m\pw A[n-Im-c-
ap-sï¶v h¶p. Cu Imcyw ]d-ª-Xn\v tijw, {]hm-N-I-\n hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-hÀ F¶v
BhÀ¯n¨v ]d-ª-Xn \n¶pw {]hm-N-I³(k) sImïp-h¶ apgp-h³ Imcy-§-fpw, AXv IzpÀ-B-\n-
epÅXmbmepw CsÃ-¦nepw icn hniz-kn-¡Â \nÀ_-Ô-am-sW¶v IqSp-XÂ hyà-am-hp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.
2) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""thZw \ÂI-s¸-«-h-cpsS Iq«-¯n AÃm-lp-hnepw A´y-Zn-\-¯nepw hniz-kn-
¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I-bpw, AÃm-lphpw Ahsâ ZqX\pw \njn-²-am-¡n-bXv \njn-²-ambn KWn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw
kXy-a-Xs¯ aX-ambn kzoI-cn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-h-tcmSv \n§Ä bp²w sNbvXp-sIm-Åp-I. AhÀ
Iog-S-§n-s¡mïv It¿msS I¸w sImSp-¡p-¶Xv hsc.'' (9:29)
Cu kqà¯nse "AÃmlphpw Ahsâ ZqX\pw \njn²am¡nbXv' F¶ {]tbmKw {it²bamWv.
{]hm-N-I-\n hniz-kn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v {]hm-N-I³ \njn-²-am-¡nb Imcy-§sf AwKo-I-cn-¡Â \nÀ_-Ô-am-Wv.
ImcWw {]hm-N-I³(k)bpsS kwkmcw hlvbnsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v IzpÀ-B³ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
AÃmlp ]dp-bp¶p: ""At±lw X¶njvS {]Imcw kwkm-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. At±-l-¯n\v Znhy-k-tµiambn \ÂI-
s¸-Sp¶ Hcp DÂt_m-[\w am{X-am-Ip¶p AXv.'' (53:3þ4). AXn-\m IzpÀ-B-\n-ep-ÅXv CÃm-¯Xv F¶ hnth-
N-\-an-Ãm-sX, {]hm-N-I³ ]Tn-¸n¨sX´pw kzoI-cn-¡pI F¶-XmWv Hcp hnizm-kn--bn \n¶p-ïm-thï kao-
]-\w.
3) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""AÃm-lphpw Ahsâ dkqepw Hcp Imcy-¯n Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp¯p Ign-ªmÂ
kXy-hn-izm-kn-bmb Hcp ]pcp-j-¶m-Is« kv{Xo¡m-I-s«, X§-fpsS Imcys¯ kw_-Ôn¨v kzX-{´-amb A`n-
{]mbw Dïm-bn-cn-¡m-hp-¶-X-Ã. hÃ-h\pw AÃm-lp-shbpw Ahsâ ZqXs\bpw [n¡-cn-¡p-¶-]£w Ah³
hyà-ambpw hgn-]n-g-¨p-t]m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.'' (33:36)
aX hnjb¯n AÃmlphnsâ Xocpam\t¯msSm¸w dkqensâ Xocpam\§sfbpw ]n³]äWsa¶v
Cu kqàw ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. AXn-\m IzpÀ-B-\n\v ]pdsa \_n(k)¡v e`n-¡p¶ hlvbpI-fn-eqsS Ahn-Sp¶v
hn[n¨ kwK-Xn-I-sfbpw ]n´p-S-c hnizm-kn¡v _m[y-X-bm-sW-¶pw, dkqÂ(k)sâ hn[n-Isf am\n-¡m-Xncn-
¡Â hgn-tI-SmWv F¶pw CXn-eqsS sXfn-bp-¶p.
4) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""AÃm-lp-hnepw Ahsâ ZqX-·m-cnepw Ahn-iz-kn-¡p-I-bpw, AÃm-lp-hn\pw
Ahsâ ZqX-·mÀ¡pan-S-bn hnth-N\w IÂ]n-¡m³ B{K-ln-¡p-Ibpw R§Ä Nne-cn hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw
5 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?
Nnesc \ntj-[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p F¶v ]d-bp-I-bpw, AXn-\n-S-bn (hn-izm-k-¯n\pahn-izm-k-¯n-\p-an-S-
bnÂ) asämcp amÀ¤w kzoI-cn-¡m-\p-t±-in-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-h-cm-tcm, AhÀ Xs¶-bmWv bYmÀ° kXy-\n-
tj-[n-IÄ. kXy-\n-tj-[n-IÄ¡v A]-am-\-I-c-amb in£ \mw Hcp-¡n-sh-¨n-«p-ïv.'' (4:150þ151)
AÃm-lp-hn-sâbpw dkq-en-sâbpw CS-bn aX-]-c-amb hnj-b-§-fn hyXymkw IÂ]n-¡Â Im^n-dp-I-
fpsS hnti-j-W-am-sW-¶pw, hnizm-kn-IÄ AÃm-lp-hn-sâbpw dkq-en-sâbpw hn[n-Isf Hcp-t]mse ImWp-¶-
h-cm-sW-¶pw, AXmWv hnP-b-¯nsâ amÀ¤-sa¶pw Cu Bb¯v \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p. aX-Im-cy-§-fn AÃm-
lp-hnsâ IzpÀ-B³ Xs¶ aXn {]hm-N-Isâ Ncy-IÄ Bh-iy-anà F¶v ]d-bp-¶-hÀ¡pÅ ià-amb Xm¡o-
XmWo hN-\w.
5) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""(AÃm-lp-hn-sâ) ZqXs\ BÀ A\p-k-cn-¡p-¶pthm XoÀ¨-bmbpw Ah³ AÃm-
lpsh A\p-k-cn-¨p. BÀ ]n´n-cn-ªpthm Ah-cpsS ta Imh¡mc-\mbn \ns¶ \mw \ntbm-Kn-¨n-«n-Ã.''
(4:80)
AÃm-lp-hnsâ dkq-ens\ A\p-k-cn-¡p-¶Xv AÃm-lp-hn-\pÅ A\p-k-cWw Xs¶-bm-sW¶pw
dkqÂ(k) -bpsS Ncy-I-sfbpw IÂ]-\-I-sfbpw XÅp-¶-hÀ bYmÀ°-¯n AÃm-lp-hns\ Xs¶-bmWv
XÅp-¶-sX¶pw Cu Bb¯v ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p. IzpÀ-B³ ]dª Imcy-§-fn am{Xw dkq-ens\ A\p-k-cn-
¡pI _m¡n hnj-b-§-fn A\p-k-cn-¨n-«n-sÃ-¦nepw hntcm-[-anà F¶ \ne-]mSv Hcp hnizm-kn-bp-tS-X-Ã.
AXn-\m \_n(k) ]dª IzpÀ-B-\n-epÅ Imcy-§fpw CÃm¯ Imcy-§fpw Htct]mse AwKo-I-cn-¡Â
\nÀ_-Ô-am-sW¶pw Ah-bn hyXymkw ImWn-¡Â AÃm-lp-hns\ Xs¶ [n¡-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Xpey-am-
sW¶pw CXn \n¶pw hyà-am-bn.
6) AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ""XoÀ¨-bmbpw \n§Ä¡v AÃmlphnsâ ZqX-\n D¯-a-amb amXr-I-bp-ïv.
AXm-bXv AÃm-lp-shbpw A´y-Zn-\-s¯bpw {]Xo-£n-¨p-sIm-ïn-cn-¡p-Ibpw AÃm-lpsh [mcm-f-ambn HmÀan-
¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-hÀ¡v.'' (33:21)
AÃm-lp-hnsâ dkq-ensâ PohnXw hnizm-kn-IÄ¡v amXr-I-bmWv F¶v Cu kqàw ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p.
R§Ä¡v amXr-I-bmbn IzpÀ-B³ am{Xw aXn, dkq-ensâ PohnX amXrI thï F¶v ]d-bp-¶Xv AÃm-lp-
hnepw ]c-tem-I-¯n-ep-apÅ hnizm-k-¯nse hogvN aqe-am-sW¶pw Cu kqàw kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. AXn-\mÂ
dkq Xncp-ta\n(k) -bpsS PohnX Ncy-Isf ]n³]äpw hn[w AXns\ {]am-W-ambn Xs¶ ImW-W-sa¶v
Cu Bb¯v iàn-bmbn HmÀan-¸n-¡p-¶p.
]cnip² IzpÀB\ns\t¸mseXs¶ {]amWamWv ]cnip² lZoYpIfpw F¶ Imcyw sXfnhv klnXw
\mw {Kln¨p Ignªp. apkvenw temIw F¡me¯pw Cu cïv {]amW§sfbpw Hcpt]mse
kzoIcn¡pIbpw AX\pkcn¨v {]hÀ¯n¨v hcnIbpw sNbvXn«pïv. F¶m Ckvemansâ i{Xp¡fnÂ
\n¶v AhÀ AI¯pÅhtcm ]pd¯pÅhtcm BIs«, BZyImew apX¡pXs¶ Cu cïv
{]amW§Ä¡psaXnsc hnaÀi\§fpw Bt£]§fpw Dïmbn«pïv. ]s£, Cu {]amW§fpsS
t{]mÖze {]Imi¯n\v ap¼n A¯cw hnaÀi\§Ä¡v AÂ]mbpÊv am{Xsa Dïmbncp¶pÅq.
Ckvemansâ i{Xp¡fpsS hnaÀi\ ic§Ä IzpÀB\ns\¡mtfsd GÂt¡ïn h¶Xv {]hmNI³(k)
bpsS lZoYpIÄ¡mbncp¶p. ImcWw, IzpÀB\ns\ hnaÀin¡pIbpw AXn kwib§Ä
krjvSn¡m³ ]cn{ian¡pIbpw sNbvXm B{iaw thï{X hnPbw hcn¡nà F¶hÀ
a\Ênem¡nbn«pïmIWw. lZoYpIfmIpt¼mÄ km[mcW¡mÀ¡v thï{X ]cnNnXaÃm¯
taJebmbXn\m AXn hkvhmkpIÄ kjvSn¨m AXv P\§Ä¡Sbn thKw kzm[o\w
krjvSn¡pw F¶pw AhÀ IcpXn¡mWWw.
lZoYpIÄs¡Xnsc \S¶ It¿ä {i§Ä ]eXc¯nepÅXmbncp¶p. NneÀ AXnsâ {]mamWnIXsb
Xs¶ \ntj[n¨t¸mÄ aäp NneÀ apXhmXndmb lZoYpIsf am{Xw {]amWambn AwKoIcn¨v aäpÅ
lZoYpIsf XÅpIbmWv sNbvXXv. _p²n¡v {]amW§sf¡mÄ {]mapJyw \ÂInb asämcp hn`mKw
_p²ns¡Xnsc¶v AhÀ¡v tXm¶nb apgph³ lZoYpIsfbpw XÅn¡fªp. Hcp hn`mKamIs«
lZoYpIsf hnizmk]cw, IÀ½]cw F¶v thÀXncn¨v hnizmk]camb Imcy§Ä hnhcn¡p¶ lZoYpIsf
AXv apXhmXndsæn kzoImcyaà F¶ hmZap¶bn¨v XÅn¡fªp. Npcp¡¯n C¯cw hmZ§Ä
FÃmw Xs¶ lZoYns\XnscbpÅ \áamb It¿äamsW¶v kwibanÃ. {]hmNIsâ lZoYpIsf kwib
ZrjvSntbmsS hn£n¡p¶hcpw AXns\ \ntj[n¡p¶hcpw Cu kaql¯nÂ\n¶pXs¶ DSseSp¡psa¶v
{]hmNI³(k) {]hNn¨Xnsâ ]peÀ¨bmWv bYmÀ°¯n C¯cw hmZ§sfÃmw Xs¶.
A_qdm^nAv \nthZ\w: \_n(k) ]dªp: ""Rm³ I¸n¨tXm hntcm[n¨tXm Bb Hcp Imcyw

6 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?


\n§fpsS ap¼n F¯pt¼mÄ AewIrX I«nen Nmcnbncp¶psImïv "F\n¡dnbnÃ, AÃmlphnsâ
{KÙ¯n IïXns\ am{XamWv Rm³ ]n³]äp¶Xv' F¶v ]dbp¶hcmbn \n§fnsemcmsfbpw Rm³
ImWmXncn¡s«'' (AlvaZv, XnÀapZn, A_qZmhqZv)
anJvZmZv(d) \nthZ\w: \_n(k) ]dªp: ""AdnbpI, F\n¡v IzpÀB\pw H¸w AXpt]msebpÅ
H¶pw \ÂIs¸«ncn¡p¶p. hbÀ \nd¨v Nmcp I«nen Nmcnbncp¶v "IzpÀBs\ ]n³XpSÀ¶m aXn,
AXn lemem¡nbXns\ lemepw ldmam¡nbXns\ ldmapam¡pI' F¶v ]dbp¶hsct¸mse \n§Ä
BIcpXv. \nÝbw AÃmlphnsâ dkq ldmam¡nbXv AÃmlp ldmam¡nbXn\v XpeyamWv. AdnbpI,
hfÀ¯p IgpXbpsS amwkw \n§Ä¡v lemeÃ. tXäbpÅ lnw{k P´p¡sf Xn¶p¶Xpw
A\phZ\obaÃ.'' (A_qZmhqZv, C_v\pamP, lmInw)
t\m¡pI, {]hmNI³(k) F{X IrXyambmWv C¯cw BfpIsf¡pdn¨v kwkmcn¡p¶Xv!
{]hmNI³(k) ]dª FÃm hntijW§fpw C¯cw BfpIfn C¶v \mw Iïp sImïncn¡p¶p.

7 | F´mWv {]hmNI NcyIÄ?