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\\ nnbbppssSS (( )) \\aakkvIvImmcc ccqq]]ww ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﺻ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ [Malayalam
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nnbbppssSS
(( ))
\\aakkvIvImmcc ccqq]]ww
ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﺻ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ
[Malayalam ﻢﻟﺎﻴﻠﻣ ]
ssiJv: A_vZp Akokv
C_v\p _mkv
ﺎﺑ ﻦﺑ ﷲ ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺰﻳﺰﻌﻟ ﺪﺒﻋ ﺦﻴﺸﻟ ﺔﻠﻴﻀﻓ
hnhÀ¯\w:
A_vZpdlnam³ kzemln
ﻼﺻ ﻦ رﻟ ﺪﺒﻋ :ﺔ رﺗ
ﻼﺻ رﻟ ﺪﺒﻋ / ﻲﻄﻛ ﺪﻤ :
ﺔﻌﺟ رﻣ
an\nkv{Sn Hm^v CkvemanIv Ass^Àkv
ﺎﺷ ﻹ ﻮﻋ ﺎﻗ ﻷ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹ ﺆﺸﻟ
ﺔﻳ ﻮﻌﺴﻟ ﺔﻴﺑرﻌﻟ ﺔﻜﻠﻤ

ﻢﻴﺣرﻟ رﻟ ﻢﺴﺑ

kÀh-kvXp-Xnbpw AÃm-lp-hn-¶v. Ah³ GI-\m-Wv. Ahsâ Zmk\pw ZqX-\p-amb apl-½Zv \_n-bnepw At±-l-¯nsâ IpSpw-_- ¯nepw A\p-N-c-cnepw FÃm-hn-[- A\p{Kl-§-fpw im´nbpw D−m-I- s«.

\_n(- )-bpsS \a-kvImc coXn hnh-cn-¡p¶ Hcp {lkz-hn-i-Zo-I-c- W-am-WnXv. CXv hmbn-¡p¶ GsXm-cmÄ¡pw \a-kvIm-c-¯n \_n (-

)sb amXr-I-bm-¡m³ ]c-am-h[n bXv\n-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶-Xn--\mem-Wv,

apkvenamb

k½m-\n-¡-W-sa¶v

Rm\p-t±-in-¨-Xv. -{]-hm-N-I³(- )-Xs¶ ]d-bp-¶Xv t\m¡q:þ

FÃm

kv{Xoþ]pcp-j-·mÀ¡pw

(

َ

CXv

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ُ

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ﺎ ﺨ ُ )

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ﻮ ﺘ

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ﺎ ﻤ ﻛ ﻮ ﻠ

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(Rm³ \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xmbn \n§Ä ZÀin¨t]mse Xs¶ \n§fpw

\a-kvI-cn-¡p-ho³) þ -_p-Jm-cn. AXmWv hmb-\-¡m-csâ ap¼n ChnsS hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv:

]qÀ®amb hpZzp(Aw-Kip²oI-cWw)sN¿pI. AÃmlp IÂ]n¨ t]mse-bmWv hpZzp sNt¿−Xv. AÃmlp ]c-bp¶p:

ْ

1

þ

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ﻮ ﺤ ﺴ ﻣ ِﻓ ر ﻤ ﻟ

ﻢ ﻜﺳِ ر ِ

""kXy-hn-izm-kn-Itf, \n§Ä \a-kvIm-c-¯n-s¶m-cp-§n-bmÂ, \n§-fpsS apJ-§fpw, ap«p-hsc c−p ssIIfpw Igp-Ip-Ibpw, \n§-fpsS Xe XS-

ﻮ ﻣ ﻦﻳِ ﺎ ﻓ ﻛ ﺎ َ

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ﻢ ﻜ ﻳﺪِ

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ﻢ ْ ﻜ ُ ﻫﻮ ﺟ ُ ُ ْ

َ

ُ

ﺴِ ﻏﺎﻓ ِ ﺼﻟ

ْ

َ

َ َ

ِ

ْ

ِ ﻢ ْ ُ ﻤ ْ ﻗ َ ِ

ُ َ

َ

َ ْ

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ﻜ ﻟ ﻢ ﻜ ﺟ

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[6: ﺪﺋﺎ ]

ِ

hp-Ibpw s\cn-bm-Wn-hsc c−p Imep-Ifpw

sN¿pI''(amCZ------=6)

\_n(- ) ]d-bp-¶p:.

Igp-Ip-Ibpw

ﻮ ﻃ ٌ ﻼ ﺻ ﻞ َ

ٍ

ﻬ ُ ُ

ِ

ْ

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ِ

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ْ ﻳ ﻻ

ُ

(AwK-ip-²o-IWw IqSmsX Hcp \a-kvIm-chpw kzoI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bn-Ã).

2 þ \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶-h³ Fhn-sS-bmbncp-¶mepw Xsâ apgp-h³ ico-c- hp-ambn Jn_vebpsS, AYhm a¡-bnse IAv_m-bpsS t\sc Xncnªp \n¡Ww. Xm³ \nÀÆ-ln¡m-\p-t±-in-¡p-¶Xv \nÀ_Ô\-a- kvIm-ctam sFOn-I-\-a-kvIm-ctam F¶Xv a\-Ên Icp-X-Ww. \n¿- ¯v(-I-cp-Xp-¶Xv) \mhp-sIm−v D¨-cn-¡-cp-Xv. ImcWw \mhp-sIm−v AXv D¨-cn-¡p-¶Xv aX]cambn \nÝ-bn¡-s¸-Sm¯ Imcy-am-Wv. a{X-hp-

\\

nnbbppssSS

(( )) \\aakkvIvImmcc ccqq]]ww

22

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

a-Ã, \_n(- )tbm At±-l-¯nsâ A\p-N-c-·m-tcm(- ) \n¿¯v D¨-cn-¨n- cp-¶nÃm F¶Xn-\m AXv A\m-Nm-chp(_nZv-A-¯p)amWv. Cam-amtbm Hä-¡mtbm \a-kvI-cn-¡p-I-bm-W-¦n ad-bp-−m-tI−XmWv. (\-a-kvI-cn- ¡p-¶-hsâ ap¼n-eqsS \S-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn¶v Fs´-¦nepw Hcp hkvXp \m«n-sh-¡Ww þ-- hnh:) ]Þn-X-·m-cpsS {KÙ-§-fn hnh-cn-¡-s¸-«n-«p-f-fXpw ]cs¡ Adn-b-s¸-«n-«p-f-f-Xp-amb GXm\pw {]iv\-§-fn-sem-gnsI Jn_vesb A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶Xvv \a-kvIm-c-¯nsâ \n_-Ô-\-bm-Wv.

3 þ "AÃmlp AIv_À-'F¶v ]d-ªp-sIm−v XIv_o-d-¯p Clvdm-

an {]th-in-¡p-Ibpw Xsâ kpPq-Znsâ Øm\-t¯¡v t\m¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI.

4 þ Cu XIv_odnsâ Ah-k-c-¯n Xsâ Ccp ssIIfpw Npa-ep- IÄ¡v t\sctbm sNhnIÄ¡p t\sctbm DbÀ¯p-I.

5 þ Ccp ssIIfpw, he-t¯Xv CSt¯ ssI¸-¯n-bp-sSbpw, aWn-

I¬T-¯n-sâ-bpw, -I-W-¦-¿n-sâbpw apI-fn-em-Ip¶ hn[w s\©n-t·Â

sh¡pI. ImcWw, \_n(- )-bn \n¶pw CXmWv Ønc-s¸-«n-«p-f-fXv.

6 þ {]mcw-`-{]m-À°\ sNmÃp-¶Xv kp¶-¯m-Wv. AXnsâ cq]w:-

ُ ﻠﻟ

َ

َ ﻳﺎ ﻄ ﺧ ﻦ ﻣِ

ﻞﺴِ ْ

َْ ُ ﻮ ْ ﻨ ﻓ ﺎ ﻤ ﻛ

َ

َ

ْ

ْ َ

ﻘ ﻏ ﻢ ﻬ ﻠﻟ ِ ر ﻐ ﻤ ﻟ ِ ِ ﻤ ﻟ ﺪ ﻋﺎ َ ﺑ ﺎ ﻤ ﻛ َ ﻳﺎ ﻄ ﺧ ﻴ ﺑ

َ

َ

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ُ ﻠﻟ

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ﺲِ

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َ

ْ َ َ

ﺪﻋﺎِ

َ ُ

ْ

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ّ

َ

َ

ِ

. ِ ﺞِ ْ ِ ﺎ ﻤ ﻟﺎ ﺑ َ ﻳﺎ ﻄ ﺧ ﻦﻣِ

ْ

ْ َ

َ

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ﻦﻣِ

َ

ﺾ ُ ﻴ َ ْ

(AÃm-lpth, DZ-bm-kvX-ab Øm\-§Ä¡n-S-bn \o AIew \nÝ-

bn¨-Xp-t]mse F\n¡pw Fsâ ]m]-¯n\p-an-S-bn \o AI-e-ap-−m- t¡-Wta. AÃm-lpth, amen\y-§-fn \n¶pw shfp¯ hkv{Xw ip²o-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse Fsâ ]m]-§-fnÂ\n¶pw Fs¶ ip²o-I-cn- ¡-W-ta, AÃm-lpth, shffw sIm−pw, aªp- sIm−pw, lnaw sIm−pw Fsâ ]m]-§Ä \o IgpIn¡ftb-W-ta.) C\n AXn\p ]I-c-ambn thW-sa-¦n C§-s\bpw {]mÀ°n¡mw:þ

َ ﺪ ﺟ ﺎ ﻌ ﻚ ﻤ ﺎ ﺒ َ ﺪِ ﻤ َ ِ ﻢ ﻬ ﻠﻟ َ ﻧﺎ ﺤ ﺒ ﺳ

(A-Ãm-lpth, \ns¶ kvXpXn-¡p-¶p. \o alm ]cn-ip-²³. \nsâ \maw A\p-{K-l-]qÀ®hpw \nsâ alXzw D¶-X-hp-am-Wv. \ob-ÃmsX Bcm-[y- t\-bn-Ã.) CXp c−p-a-Ãm¯ {]hm-N-I-\nÂ\n¶pw Ønc-s¸« {]mcw-`-{]mÀ °\I-tf-Xm-bmepw AXp aXn-bm-Ip-¶-Xm-Wv. F¶m Hcp XhW GsX-¦n-ep-sam¶pw asämcp XhW asäm¶pw F¶ coXn-bn \nÀÆ- ln¡p-¶-XmWv Gähpw t{ijvS-am-b-Xv. kp¶¯v ]n¼-äp-¶-Xnsâ Gähpw ]qÀ®amb cq]hpw A§s\-bm-Wv. ]n¶oSv ADuZpw _nkvanbpw sNmÃp-Ibpw ^mXn-lm-kq-d¯v ]mcm-b- Whpw sN¿pI.

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\\

nnbbppssSS

(( )) \\aakkvIvImmcc ccqq]]ww

33

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

{]hm-N-I³(- ) C§s\ ]d-ªn-«p−v:

ْ

َ

(^mXn-lm-kq-d¯v HmXm-¯-h¶v \a-kvIm-c-an-Ã.) AXn\p tijw Dds¡ HmXp¶ \a-kvIm-c-ams-W-¦n Dd-s¡bpw ]Xps¡ HmXp¶ \a-kvIm-c-ams-W-¦n ]Xp-s¡bpw ( ) F¶p ]d- bp-I. ]n¶oSv JpÀ-B-\nÂ\n¶pw eLp-hm-b-sXs´¦nepw ]mcm-bWw sN¿pI. fplvÀ, AkzÀ, Cim F¶o \a-kvIm-c-§-fn-em-sW¦n ^mXn- l-¡p-tijw "Hukm-Xp ap^-Ên-en'Â(\o-−Xpw sNdp-Xp-a-Ãm¯ CS- ¯cw kqd-I-fnÂ) \n¶pw ^Pvdn-ems-W-¦n "Xznhm-en'Â(\o− kqd-I- fnÂ) \n¶pw aKvcn_n-em-sW-¦n Nn-e-t¸mÄ "Xznhm-en' \n¶pw aäpNn-e-t¸mÄ Jnkzm-dnÂ(C-S-¯-cw-kq-d-I-fnÂ) \n¶pw HmXp-¶-XmWv Gähpw t{ijvS-I-c-am-b-Xv. Cu hnj-b¯n h¶n-«p-ff lZo-kp-Ifpw CXv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p-−v.

]n¶oSv XIv_oÀ sNmÃnbpw, Ccp-ssI-Ifpw Npa-en\p t\sctbm

7- þ

sNhn-IÄ¡p t\sctbm DbÀ¯nbpw dpIq-Av sN¿pI, Xe apXp-In\p t\scbm¡n-bpw, ssIIÄ c−pw hnc-ep-IÄ hnSÀ¯nb \ne-bn c−p ImÂap-«p-I-fn-ep-ambn sh¡p-I-bpw,- Cu dpIq-C AÂ]-t\cw AS-§n-¡-gn-bp-I-bpw,

ﻢﻴﻈِ ﻌ ﻟ ﺎ ﺤ ﺳ

-(alm\mb

hmgv¯p

¶p.)F¶v ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿pI. CXp aq¶p {]mh-iytam AXn-e-[n-

ﺎ ﺘﻜِ َ

ِ

ْ

ﺔِ َ ِﺎ ﺑ ر ﻓ

ِ

ْ

َ

َ

َ َ ﻢ ﻟ ﻦ ﻤِﻟ َ ﻼ ﺻ ﻻ

ْ

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Fsâ

c£n-Xmhnsâ

]cn-ip-²-nsb

Rm³

Itam BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv \Ã-Xm-Wv. AtXm-sSm¸w Xs¶

.

رﻔِ ﻏ ﻢ ﻠﻟ ﺪِ ﻤ َ

َ

ْ

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ﻢ ﻠﻟ َ

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ﻧﺎ

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ﺤ ﺳ

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(A-Ãm-lp-th, \o F{X ]cn-ip-²³, \ns¶ kvXpXn-¡p¶p. AÃm- lpth, F\n¡p am¸p \ÂtI-W-ta.) F¶p-IqSn ]d-bp-¶Xpw kp¶- ¯m-Wv.

8 þ Ccp ssIIfpw Npa-en-\p-t\-sctbm sNhn¡p t\sctbm DbÀ¯n-

s¡m−v dpIq-CÂ \n¶pw Db-cp-I. Cam-amtbm Hät¡m \a-kvI-cn-¡p-

¶-h-\m-sW¦n ( ُ ِ ﻤِﻟ ﷲ ﻊﻤِ ﺳ)-F¶v ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿Ww.

(-A-Ãm-lp-hns\ kvXpXn-¨-h-cpsS {]mÀ°\ Ah³ tIÄ¡s«). Cu \ndp-¯-¯n C§s\ ]d-bWw:

َ

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ﺪِ

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ُ

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ﻤ َ ﻫَ ُ َ ْ َ

ﻧ ﺎ َ ﻣِ ِ َْ َ ﻣِ ِ

َ

ْ

َ

ْ

ْ

َ

ﻮ َ ﻤ َ ﺴﻟ ﻣِ

ْ

ِ ً َ ً ﺎﺒ ً ِﺜ ﻛ ً ﺪ ﻤ َ

َ

ُ

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ْ َ

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. ﺪ ﻌ ﻧ ﺊ ﻴ ﺷ ﻦﻣِ

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ﺖ ﺌﺷِ

ْ

ﺎ ﻣ َ َ ﻞﻣِ

َ

ْ

ﻪﻴِ

(R-§-fpsS

ٍ

kÀÆ-kvXpXnbpw,

BImi§fpw

`qanbpw Ah-¡n-S-bn-ep-f-fXpw AXn\pw ]pdsa \o COn-¡p-¶-sXÃmw

hnin-jvS-hp-amb [mcmfw kvXpXn-IÄ.)

Db-cp-

F¶mÂ

t¼mÄ

þ apX Ah-km\w hsc apI-fn kqNn-¸n¨

\mYm,

\n\-¡mWv

\ndsb, A\p-{K-lo-Xhpw

aAvaqambn

َ

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\a-kv¡-cn-¡p¶bmÄ

dpIq-CÂ\n¶pw

\\

nnbbppssSS

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44

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

{]mÀ°\ am{Xw sNmÃn-bm aXn. C\n Ch-sc-Ãm-hcpw A-Xm-bXv, Camapw aAvaqapw Hä¡v \a-kv¡-cn-¡p-¶-bmfpw apI-fn ]dª {]mÀ°\tbm-sSm¸w Xmsg hcp¶ {]mÀ°\IqSn A[n-I-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bm- sW¦n AXv \Ã-Xm-Wv:

ﻄﻌﻣ ﻻ ﻴﻄﻋ ﻊﻧﺎ ﻣ ﻻ ﺪﺒﻋ ﻚﻟ ﺎﻨ ﺪﺒﻌﻟ ﺎﻗ ﺎﻣ ﻖﺣ ﺪﺠ ﺎﻨ ﻞﻫ

. ﻚﻨﻣ ﺪ ﻊﻔﻨﻳ ﻻ ﺖﻌﻨﻣ

(a-l-Xz-¯n¶pw A`n-\-µ-\-¯n¶pw AÀl-\m-b-ht\, Cu Zmk³ ]d-bp- ¶-Xn¶v Gähpw Ah-Im-i-s¸-«-h-\mWv ---\o þ---- R§-sfÃmw \nsâ Zmk- ·m-cm-WtÃm þ AÃm-lpth \o \ÂIn-bXv XS-bp-¶h-\n-Ã. \o XS-ªXv \ÂIp-¶-h-\p-an-Ã. sFiz-cy-ap-Å-h¶v Xsâ sFiz-cyw sIm−v \nsâ-b- Sp¯v {]tbm-P-\-ap-−m-hp-I-bp-an-Ã.)

-CXv \_n(- )bn \n¶p Ønc-s¸-«n-«p-f-f-Xm-Wv. Cu Ah-k-c-¯n dpIq-C\p ap¼v \ndp-¯-¯n sNbvXn-cp-¶-Xp-t]mse ssIIÄ c−pw s\©n-t·Â sh¡p-¶Xpw kp¶-¯m-Wv. ImcWw, hmC-ep-_\p lpPvdpw kl-ep_v\p kAZpw( )-\-_n(- )-bn \n¶pw D²-cn-¡p¶ kzoIm-cy-amb lZo-kp-IÄ AXv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p-−v.

9 þ XIv_oÀ sNmÃnbpw, kuI-cy-s¸-Sp-sa-¦n c−p ssIIÄ¡pw apt¼ ImÂap-«p-IÄ \ne-¯p-sh¨pw kpPqZv sN¿pI. AXn\p {]bm-k- am-sW¦n ImÂap-«p-IÄ¡p-apt¼ ssIIÄ sh¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. ssIIm-ep-I-fpsS hnc-ep-IÄ Jn_vebpsS t\À¡m-¡nbpw c−p I¿n- sâbpw hnc-ep-IÄ tNÀ¯pw \o«n-bp-amWv sht¡-−-Xv. Ggv Ah-b-h- §ÄsIm-−mWv kpPqZv sNt¿−Xv: s\än (aq-¡v- \ne-¯p-X-«p-¶-hn- [w), c−p ssIIÄ,c−p ImÂap-«-IÄ, c−p-Im-ep-I-fp-sSbpw ]f-f-`m-K- §Ä F¶n-h-bmW-Xv. At¸mÄ ]d-tb-−X:v

ﺎﺤﺒﺳ (D-¶-X-\mb Fsâ c£n-Xmhnsâ ]cn-ip-²-n sb Rm³ hmgv¯p¶p ) aqt¶m, AXn-e-[n-Itam CXv BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv kp¶-¯m-Wv. AtXm- sSm¸w C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xpw kp¶-¯m-Wv:þ . رﻔﻏ ﺪﻤ ﺎﻨﺑ ﻚﻧﺎﺤﺒﺳ (R§-fpsS c£n-Xm-hmb AÃm-lp-th, \o alm]cn-ip-²-\m-Wv. \ns¶ kvXpXn-¡p-¶p.- A-Ãm-lpth, F\n¡v s]mdp-¯p-X-tc-Wt-a.) aäp {]mÀ°\IÄ A[n-I-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI. \_n(- )-C-§s\ ]d-ªn- «p−v:þ ""dpIqC \n§Ä AÃm-lp-hns\ al-Xz-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m-−n-cn-¡p- I. kpPq-Zn-em-sW¦n {]mÀ°n¡p-hm³ ]c-am-h[n bXv\n-¡pI. ImcWw AXp \n§Ä¡v D¯cw e`n-¡p-hm³ Gähpw tbmPn¨ kµÀ`-am-Wv'') AXn-\m sFln-Ihpw ]mc-{Xn-I-hp-amb FÃm \·- Ifpw dºn-t\mSv tNmZn-¡p-I. AXn\v \a-kvImcw ^d-fm-b-Xm-bmepw kp¶-¯m-b-Xm-bncp-¶mepw {]iv\-an-Ã. kpPq-Zn Xsâ c−p tXmÄssI-Ifpw ]mÀiz-§-fnÂ\n¶pw AIänsh¡p-Ibpw ssIap«p-IÄ

\\

nnbbppssSS

(( )) \\aakkvIvImmcc ccqq]]ww

55

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

c−pw \ne-¯p-\n¶p DbÀ¯p-Ibpw sN¿pI. \_n(- )-]-d-bp¶p:

""\n§Ä kpPqZn t\sc sh¡p-hn³. \mb ]c-¯n-sh-¡p-¶-Xp- t]mse \n§-fnsem-cmfpw Xsâ ssIap«p-IÄ ]c¯n sh¡-cp-Xv''.

10 þ XIv_oÀ sNmÃn Xe DbÀ¯p-Ibpw, CS-Xp-Im hncn-¨p-sIm−v

AXn-t·Â Ccn-¡p-Ibpw, he-Xp-Im \m«n sh¡p-Ibpw, Ccp-ssI- Ifpw c−p XpSI-fnepw ImÂap-«p-I-fn-ep-ambn sh¡p-Ibpw, Cu Ccp- ¯-¯n AÂ]w AS-§n-¡gnbp-Ibpw C§s\ {]mÀ°n¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI:þ

. ﺪﻫ رﻔﻏ

(c-£n-Xmth, Fsâ ]m]-§Ä s]mdp-¡p-Ibpw, Ft¶mSv IcpWImWn- ¡p-Ibpw, Fs¶ k·mÀK¯nte-¡v\-bn-¡p-Ibpw, F\n¡v Blmcw \ÂIp-Ibpw, F-\n¡v kpJw Xcn-Ibpw, Fsâ {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l- cn¨pXcp-Ibpw sNt¿Wta.)

11 þ XIv_oÀ sNmÃn-s¡m−v c−m-as¯ kpPqZpw sN¿pI. H¶m-a- t¯-Xn sNbvXXv-t]m-se-Xs¶ AXnepw sN¿pI.

12 þ XIv_oÀ sNmÃn-s¡m−v Xe DbÀ¯n c−p kpPq-Zp-IÄ¡n-S-bn-ep-

ff Ccp-¯-s¯-t]mse eLp-hmbn H¶v Ccn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI. Cu Ccp-¯-¯n\v "CkvXn-dm-l'-bpsS Ccp¯w F¶mWv t]cv. CXv Dt]-£n- ¡p-I-bm-sW¦nepw Ipg-¸-sam-¶p-an-Ã. -C-Xn Fs´-¦nepw ZnIvtdm {]mÀ°\tbm CÃ. ]n¶oSv kuI-cy-s¸-Sp-sa-¦n Xsâ Ccp-ImÂap-«p-I- fnepw Du¶n-s¡m−v c−m-as¯ dIvA¯n-te¡v Fgp-t\-äv\n¡pI, AXn\p {]bm-k-amsW¦n \ne-¯p-Xs¶ Du¶n-bmbn-cp-¶mepw aXn. A\´cw ^mXnl HmXp-Ibpw JpÀ-B-\nÂ\n¶pw X\n¡v kuI-cy-s¸- Sp¶ hÃXpw HmXp-Ibpw sN¿pI.

13 þ ^PvÀ, Ppap-A, c−vs]cp-¶mÄ F¶o- \akvImc-§Ä t]mse c−v dIv-A¯p-IÄ hoX-ap-ff \akvImc-am-sW¦n c−m-as¯ kpPq- ZnÂ\n¶pw DbÀ¶ tijw he-Xp-Im \m«n-sh¨pw CS-Xp-Im hncn- ¨p-sh¨pw Ccn-¡pI, he-t¯ssI he-Xp-Xp-S-bn sh¡p-Ibpw, AXnsâ Nq−p-hn-c HgnsI FÃm hnc-ep-Ifpw aS¡n¸n-Sn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿Ww. Nq−p-hn-c-ep-sIm−v GI-Xz-¯n-te¡v Nq−n-s¡m-−n-cn-¡p- Ibpw thWw. C\n Xsâ he-Xp-I-¿nse sNdp-hn-cepw AXn-\-Sp¯ hncepw Npcp-«n-¸n-Sn-¡p-Ibpw, \Sp-hn-cepw s]cp-hn-cepw tNÀ¯v Hcp hr¯mIr-Xn-bp-−m-¡p-Ibpw, Nq−p-hn-c Nq−n-sh-¡p-I-bp-am- sW¦n AXpw \ÃXp Xs¶. Cu c−p coXnbpw \_n(- )- bnÂ\n¶pw Ønc-s¸-«n-«p- f-f-Xm-Wv. F¶m Ch-bn H¶v Hcp {]mh- iyhpw atäXv asämcp {]mh-iyhpw {]mhÀ¯nI-am¡p-¶-co-Xn-bmWv Gähpw t{ijvS-Icw. Xsâ CS-XpssI CS-Xp-Xp-S-bp-tSbpw ImÂap-«n- tâbpw aosX sh¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI. ]n¶oSv Cu Ccp-¯-¯n "Xi- lvlp-Zv'sNm-Ãp-I.AXnsâ cq]w:

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66

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

ﻨﻴﻠﻋ ﺴﻟ رﺑ ﺎﻬﻳ ﻚﻴﻠﻋ ﻼﺴﻟ ﺎﺒﻴﻄﻟ ﻮﻠﺼﻟ ﺎﻴﺤ

. ﻮﺳ ﺪﺒﻋ ﺪﻤ ﺪﻬﺷ ﺪﻬﺷ ﺎﺼﻟ ﺎﺒﻋ (FÃm A`n-hm-Zy-§fpw AÃm-lp-hn-¶v. FÃm {]mÀ°\Ifpw kÂIÀa- §fpw Ah-\p-X-s¶. \_ntb, kam-[m-\hpw Znhy-Im-cp-Wyhpw ssZhn- Im-\p-{K-l-§fpw A§bv¡v e`n-¡p-am-dm-I-s«. \ap¡pw \Ã-h-cmb FÃm ssZh-Zm-k-·mÀ¡pw kam-[m-\-ap-−m-bn-cn-¡-s«. -A-Ãmlp AÃm sX bmsXmcp Bcm-[y-\p-an-söpw, apl-½-Zv(- ) Ahsâ Zmk\pw ZqX- \pam-sW¶pw Rm³ km£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.) ]n¶oSv C§-s\ ]d-bpI:

ﺪﻴ ﺪﻴ ﻚﻧ ﻢﻴﻫ رﺑ ﻢﻴﻫ رﺑ ﺖﻴﻠﺻ ﺎﻤﻛ ﺪﻤ ﺪﻤ ﻞﺻ

. ﺪﻴ ﺪﻴ ﻚﻧ ﻢﻴﻫ رﺑ ﻢﻴﻫ رﺑ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻤﻛ ﺪﻤ ﺪﻤ (A-Ãm-lpth, apl-½-Zv\-_n-tbmSpw Ahn-Sps¯ IpSpw-_mw-K-§-tfmSpw \o IcpW ImWn-t¡-W-ta, C_vdmlow \_n(- )-tbmSpw IpSpw-_mw-K- §-tfmSpw \o IcpW ImWn-¨-Xp-t]mse. apl-½-Zv\-_n(- )-tbbpw IpSpw-_mw-K-§-tfbpw \o A\p-{K-ln-t¡-W-ta, C_vdmlow \_n(- )- tbbpw IpSpw-_mw-K-§-tfbpw \o A\p-{K-ln-¨-Xp-t]m-se. \o kvXpXy Àl\pw alm-\p-a-s{X.) A\-´cw \mep Imcy-§-fn \n¶v AÃm-lp-hn A`bw tXSn- s¡m−v C§s\ ]d-bpI:

ﻨﺘﻓ ﻦ ﻴﺤ ﻨﺘﻓ ﻦ ﻘﻟ ﺬﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻨﻬﺟ ﺬﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻚﺑ ﻮﻋ

ﺎﺟ حﻴﺴ (AÃmlpth, \c-I-in-£-bnÂ\n¶pw, J_vdnse in£-bnÂ\n¶pw, Pohn-X¯n-tebpw ac-W-¯n-tebpw Ipg-¸-§-fnÂ\n¶pw, akolp±Öm- ensâ Ipg-¸-§-fnÂ\n¶pw \n¶n Rm³ A`bw tXSp-¶p). ]n¶oSv sFlo-Ihpw ]mc-{Xn-I-hp-amb \·-¡mbn Xm³ Dt±-in- ¡p-¶-sX´pw {]mÀ°n¡mw. amXm-]n-Xm-¡Ä¡p th−ntbm, CX-c- apkvenwIÄ¡p-th-−n-tbm {]mÀ°n¡p-¶-Xn\pw XI-cmsdm¶p-an-Ã. \a- kvImcw kp¶t¯m ^dtfm F¶ hyXy-mkhpw AXn-en-Ã. ImcWw, \_n(- ) C_v\p-a-kv-Du-Zn(- ) hn¶v "Xi-lvlpZv' ]T-n-¸n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p- t¼mÄ C§s\ ]d-ªn-«p−v: ]ns¶ {]mÀ°\I-fn \n¶v X\n¡v Gähpw CjvS-s¸-«Xv Xnc-sªSp¯v {]mÀ°n-¡pI. lZo-knsâ asämcp hmN-I-¯n-ep-f-fXv "]n¶oSv AbmÄ¡njvS--ap-f-f- Im-cy-§Ä tNmZn-¡m³ AbmÄ Xnc-sª-Sp-¡s«' F¶m-Wv. Cu \nÀt±iw sFln-Ihpw ]mc- {Xn-I-hp-ambn Hcp Zmk¶vv D]-I-cn-¡p-¶ -kÀÆXpw DÄsIm-f-fp-¶p−v. AXn\p tijw, ﻢﻜﻴ ﻠﻋ ﺴﻟ F¶v heXp `mKt¯¡pw,

ﻢﻜﻴﻠﻋ ﻼﺴﻟ F¶v CS-Xp-`m-K-t¯¡pw kemw ho«p-I.

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77

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

14 þ C\n \a-kvImcw, aKvcn_v t]mse aq¶v dIv-A-¯p-f-ftXm Asà ¦n fplvÀ, AkzÀ, Cim F¶o \a-kvIm-c-§sf t]mse \mev dIv-A- ¯p-ÅtXm BsW¦n D]-cn-kq-Nn-X Xi-lvlpZv HmXp-¶-tXm-sSm¸w {]hm-N-Isâ t]cn kzemXv sNmÃp-Ibpw ]n¶oSv Xsâ c−v ImÂap- «n-eq-¶n-s¡m−v-F-gp-t¶-äp-\n¡pIbpw thWw. Cu kµÀ`-¯n Xsâ Ccp ssIIfpw Npa-ep-I-fp-tStbm sNhn-I-fp-tStbm t\sc DbÀ¯p-Ibpw "AÃm-lp-A-Iv_À' F¶v ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿pI. ]n¶oSv t\cs¯ hnhcn-¨n-cp-¶-t]mse Ccp ssIIfpw s\©n-t·ÂXs¶ sh¡p-Ibpw ^mXn-lm-kq-d¯v am{Xw HmXp-Ibpw sN¿pI. F¶m fplvÀ \a-kvIm-c-am-sW¦n aq¶m-as¯ dIv-A-¯nepw \mem-as¯ dIv-A-¯nepw Nne-t¸m-sg-¦nepw ^mXn-l¡p ]pdsa Fs´-¦nepw A[n-

I-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hntcm-[-an-Ã. A_q-k-Du-Zv(- ) hn \n¶pw D²-cn- ¡p¶ lZo-kn AXv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p−v. F¶n«v, aKvcn_v \a-kvIm-c- ¯nse aq¶m-as¯ dIv-A-¯n\p tijhpw, fplvÀ, AkzÀ, Cim F¶o \a-kvIm-c-§-fn \mem-as¯ dIv-A-¯n\p tijhpw,t\-cs¯ c−v dIv-A-¯pff \a-kvIm-c¯n hnh-cn-¨n-cp-¶-Xp-t]mse "Xi- lvlpZv' sNmÃp-Ibpw, A\-´cw he-Xp-`m-K-t¯¡pw CS-Xp-`m-K- t¯¡pw kemw ho«p-Ibpw sN¿pI.

]n¶oSv

َ

aq¶p {]mhiyw ]d-bpIbpw,

رﻛﻹ ﺎﻳ ﺖ َ ﻼﺴﻟ ﻚ ﻨﻣِ ﻼ ﺴﻟ ﻢ ﻬﻠﻟ

(AÃm-lp-th, \o kam-[m-\-am-Wv. \n¶nÂ\n¶pw am{Xta kam-[m- \-ap-−m-Iq. alXzhpw HuZm-cyhpap-f-f-h-t\, \o A\p-{K-l-k¼qÀ® \mWv). F¶pw ]d-bp-I. Cam-am-sW¦n P\-§-fn-te¡v Xncn-ªn-cn-¡p- ¶Xn¶p ap¼m-bmWv CXv ]d-tb-−Xv. XpSÀ¶p-sIm−v C§s\ {]mÀ°n¡pI:

(AÃm-lphnt\mSv Rm³ am¸v tNmZn-¡p-¶p). F¶v

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ﻊﻧﺎ ﻣﻻ .رﻳﺪ ﻗ ﺊﻴ ﻚﻠ ﻚﻳ ﺪﺣ

ﷲ ﺎ ﺑ ﻻ ﻮﻗ ﻻ ﻮﺣ ﻻ ﻚﻨﻣ ﺪ ﻊﻔﻨﻳ ﻻ ﺖﻌﻨﻣ ﺎ ﻲﻄﻌﻣ ﻻ ﺖﻴﻄﻋ

ﺼﻠ ﻞﻀﻔﻟ ﺔﻤﻌ ﺎﻳ ﺪﺒﻌﻧ ﻻ

.( ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ) رﻓ رﻛ ﻮﻟ (AÃmlp AÃmsX bmsXm-cm-cm-[y-\p-an-Ã. Ah³ GI-\m-Wv. Ah\v ]¦p-Im-cn-Ã.- A-h-¶mWv `c-Wm-[n-Im-cw. Ah-¶mWv kÀÆ- kvXpXn-bpw.- A-h³ F´n\pw Ign-hp-Å-h-\-m Wv. AÃm-lpth, \o \ÂIn-bXv XS-bp- ¶h-\n-Ã. \o XS-ªXv \ÂIp-¶-h-\p-an-Ã. sFiz-cy-ap-Å-h¶v Xsâ sFiz-cyw sIm−v \nsâ-b-Sp¯v {]tbm-P-\-ap-−m-hp-I-bp-an-Ã. AÃ-m-lp- hn-s\-s¡m-−-ÃmsX bmsXmcp iànbpw Ign-hp-an-Ã. AÃmlp AÃmsX bmsXm-cm-cm-[y-\p-an-Ã. Ahs\ am{X-a-ÃmsX R§Ä Bcm-[n-¡p-I-bp-an- Ã. D¶-X-amb IoÀ¯-\hpw al-Xzhpw A\p-{K-lhpw Ah-¶m-Ip-¶p. AÃmlp AÃmsX bmsXm-cm-cm-[y-\p-an-Ã. Iogvh-W¡w Ah-¶p-am-{X-am- Wv. Ahn-izm-kn-IÄ¡v AXv A\n-jvS-am-sW¦nepw icn).

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88

ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ

A\-´cw, ( ﺎﺤﺒﺳ) -F¶v ap¸-¯n-aq¶v {]mh-iyhpw, ﷲ ﺪﻤ ) -F¶v ap¸-¯n- aq¶v {]mh-iyhpw . ( ) F¶v ap¸-¯n- aq¶v {]mh-iyhpw sNmÃp-Ibpw \qdp XnI-¡m-\mbn .رﻳﺪﻗ ﺊﻴﺷ ﻮﻫ ﺪﻤ ﻚﻠ ﻚﻳ ﺪﺣ F¶pw sNmÃpI. FÃm \a-kvIm-c-§Ä¡pw tijw "Bb-¯pÂIpÀkn'bpw, kqd-Xp CJvem-kzpw

(-ﺪﺣ ﻮﻫ ﻞﻗ)-, ^-eJpw ( ﻠﻔﻟ ر ﻞﻗ), \mkpw ( ر ) sNmÃp-I. ^PvÀ \a-kvIm-c-¯n\pw aKvcn_n\pw tij-ams-W-¦n Cu aq¶v kqd-¯p-Ifpw aq¶v {]mhiyw hoXw BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv kp¶- ¯m-Wv. \_n (- ) bpsS lZo-kp-I-fn CXv h¶n-«p-−v. apIfn ]d- ªn-«p-ff FÃm ZnIvdp-Ifpw kp-¶¯p am{X-amWv \nÀ_Ôam-b-X-Ã. apkvenamb Hmtcm kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw, fplvÀ \a-kvIm-c-¯n\v ap¼v \mev dIv-A¯pw, tijw c−pw, aKvcn_v \a-kvIm-c-¯n\p tijw c−pw, Cim\a-kvIm-c-¯n\v tijw c−pw, ^PvÀ\a-kvIm-c-¯n\p ap¼v c−pw sam¯w ]{´−v dIv-A-¯p-IÄ \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶Xv kp¶- ¯m-Wv. Ch¡v "dhm-Xn-_v(-]-Xnhv kp¶-¯p-IÄ)' F¶mWv t]cv, \_n(- ) \m«n Ønc-Xm-akw sNbvXn-cp-¶-t¸m-sgÃmw Chsb Im¯p- kq-£n-¨n-cp¶p. F¶m bm{X-bn-em-Ip-t¼mÄ ^Pvdnsâ kp¶¯pw hoXvdpw HgnsIbpf-f-sXÃmw Dt]-£n-¡m-dmWv ]Xn-hv. -CXv c−pw bm{X-bn-em-sW¦nepw \m«n-em-sW¦nepw \_n(-kz) \ne\ndp¯nbn-cp- ¶p Cu "dhm-Xn_v' \a-kvIm-c-§fpw hnXvdpw Xsâ ho«n sh¨v \a- kvI-cn-¡p-¶-XmWv Gähpw D¯aw. C\n ]f-fn-bn-Âsh¨mWv AXv \a- kvI-cn-¡p-¶-sX¦nepw Ipg-¸-sam-¶p-an-Ã. \_n(- ) C§s\ ]d-ªn- «p−v: (Hcp a\p-jysâ Gähpw D¯-a-amb \a-kvImcw ho«n sh¨v \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv, \nÀ_Ô \-a-kvIm-c-§-sfm-gn-sI). Cu \a-kvIm-c-§-sfÃmw Pohn-X-¯n ]men-¡p-¶Xv kzÀK{]th- i\w kn²n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Imc-W-am-b-Xm-Wv. \_n(- ) ]d-bp¶p:

ﺻ ﻦ ﻣ

ﺎﺘ ﺑ ﻄ ﻳ َ ﻪِِﺘ ﻪِﻣِ ﻮ ﻳ ﺔ ﻌ

(H-cmÄ Xsâ cmhnepw ]I-enepw ]{´−v dIv-A¯p sFOn-I-ambn \a- kvI-cn-¨m AÃmlp kzÀK-¯n AbmÄ¡v Hcp `h\w \nÀan¨p sImSp-¡p¶-Xm-Wv) apkvenw.

AkzÀ \a-kvIm-c-¯n\v ap¼v \mepw, aKvcn_v \a-kvIm-c-¯n\v ap¼v c−pw, Cim-\-a-kvIm-c-¯n\v ap¼v c−pw \a-kv¡-cn-¡p-¶Xpw \Ã-Xm- Wv. AXv {]hm-N-I-\nÂ\n¶pw Ønc-s¸-«n-«p-ap-−v.- A-Ãmlp \s½ A\p-{K-ln-¡-s«.

ﻪﺒﺤﺻ ﺪﻤ ﺎﻨﻴﺒﻧ ﻪﻘﻠﺧ ﻢﻠﺳ

ﺎﻌﻟ ﷲ ﺪﻤ

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ﻢﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲ ﻼﺻ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ