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‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 1

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw  

hnizmk§Ä
 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 
‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬
[ Malayalam – aebmfw – ‫] ﻣﻠﻴﺎﻟﻢ‬

tUm: apl-½Zv C_v\p hnhÀ¯I¡pdn¸v


AÐpÀd-lv-am³ AÂJaokv
  ‫ ﺤﻣﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺮﻤﺣﻦ اﺨﻟﻤﻴﺲ‬:‫ا ﻛﺘﻮر‬ {]apJ kDuZn ]ÞnX³ tUm: apl½Zv
C_v\p AÐpÀd-lv-am³ AÂJaokv cNn¨
CAvXnJzmZn AC½Xn AÀ_Ax F¶
]cn`mj: A_vZpdlvam³ aZo\n {KÙ¯nsâ aebmf hnhÀ¯\amWv \n§
  ‫ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﻤﺣﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﻲﻨ‬:‫ﺗﺮﻤﺟﺔ‬ fpsS ssIIfnencn¡p¶ "\mev CamapIfpsS
  bpw hnizmk§Ä' F¶ Cu IrXn.
‫ ا ﻛﺘﻮر ﺤﻣﻤﺪ اﺮﺷف ﻣﻠﻴﺒﺎري‬:   ‫ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﺔ‬
\mev aZvl_ns³dbpw Camao§fmb
  ‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﺠﻟﺒﺎر ﻣﺪﻳﻲﻨ‬
A_ql\o^, amenIv, im^nCu, AlvaZv
 
Webedition by:    F¶nhcpsS hnizmkImcy§fnse \ne]mSp
IÄ AhcpsS cN\IfneqsS Xs¶ CXnÂ
hyIvXambn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶p−v. AÃmlphn
1431 − 2010 s³d \ma hntijW§Ä, XuloZv, hn[n
 

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 2 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 3

hnizmkw, Cuam³, kzlm_namÀ, hnizmk {]nb]Xv\n _pjvd F¶nhsc IrXÚX


Imcy§fnse hN\imkv{XNÀ¨IÄ F¶o tbmsS HmÀ¡p¶p. FÃm-hÀ¡pw AÀl-ap-dm-
hnjb§fmWv ChnsS NÀ¨s¡Sp¯n«p Å lnamw dºv al-¯mb {]Xn-^ew \ÂIn
Xv. CXn \n¶pXs¶ IÀ½imkv{X hnjb A\p-{K-ln-¡s«. (Bao³).
§fn X§Ä ]n¼äp¶p F¶v ]dbp¶ hnh: A_vZpdlvam³ aZo\n
Cuamao§sf hnizmkImcy§fn ]n¼äp E-mail: madeeniar@yahoo.com
¶nà F¶ bmYmÀ°yw {Kln¡m³ {]bm
kanÃ. hnip² JpÀB\nepw kp¶¯n epw
hnhcn¡p¶ hnizmk§fmbncp¶p \mep
CamapIfptSbpw hnizmk§Ä F¶Xp sIm
−v AhÀ¡nSbn `n¶XIfnÃ. ke^p
kzmen lpIfpsS B hnizmkmZÀi§fn
te¡v Xncn¨pt]mIm³ \ap¡v km[n¡Ww.
AXn\v Cu {KÙw klmbn¡t«.
CXnsâ hnhÀ¯\w Ign-bp-¶{X IrXy-
am-¡m³ {ian-¨n-«p−v. sXäp-IÄ {i²-bnÂ
s]Sp-¶-hÀ DWÀ¯-W-sa-¶v- A-t]-£n ¡p
¶p.
CXv ]cntim[n¨ _lpam\y ]ÞnX
cmb tUm. Aivd^v auehn (aZo\), A_vZp
 PºmÀ aZo\n (Zamw), ssS¸n§v sNbvX

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 4 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 5

          
x102W‫א‬z 
""kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-tf, \n§Ä AÃm-lp-
BapJw hns\ kq£n-t¡− apd{]Imcw kq£n-
  ¡pI. \n§Ä apkvenwI-fm-bn-s¡m-−-ÃmsX
acn-¡m-\n-S-bm-I-cp-Xv'' (B-ep-Cw-dm³:102)
kÀh kvXpXnbpw AÃm-lp-hn-\mIp¶p.
Ahs\ \mw {]IoÀ¯n-¡p¶p, Ah-t\mSv
klmba`yÀ°n-¡p-¶p, k·mÀKw tXSp¶p, ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

]m]tam-N\w tNmZn-¡p-¶p. \½psS a\-Êp-I-


fpsS Xn·-I-fn-Â\n¶pw {]hÀ¯-\-§-fpsS
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

tZmj-§-fn-Â\n¶pw Ah-t\mSv c£tNmZn- [1:‫]اﻟﻨﺴﺎء‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

¡p¶p. Ah³ t\ÀamÀ-K¯n-em-¡p-¶-hsc


hgn-]n-g-¸n-¡m\mÀ¡pamIn-Ã, Ah³ hgn-sX ""a\p-jy-tc, \n§sf Htc Bßm-hn-Â
än-¡p-¶-hsc t\À-am-À-K-¯n-em-¡m--\p-amhn-Ã. \n¶v krjvSn-¡p-I-bpw, AXnÂ\n-¶p Xs¶
AXnsâ CW-sbbpw krjv-Sn-¡p-I-bpw,
AÃm-lp-h-ÃmsX Bcm-[-\-¡Àl-\nsà AhÀ Ccp-h-cn \n-¶p-ambn [mcmfw ]pcp-j-
¶pw Ah³ GI\pw ]¦p-Im-cn-Ãm-¯-h-\pam ·m-scbpw kv{XoIsfbpw hym]n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw
sW¶pw apl-½Zv() Ahsâ Zmk\pw ZqX- sNbvX-h-\mb \n§-fp-sS c£n-Xm-hns\
\p-amsW¶pw Rm³ km£yw hln-¡p-¶p. \n§Ä kq£n-¡p-hn³. GsXmcp AÃm-lp-
hnsâ t]cn \n§Ä At\ym\yw tNmZn-¨p-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 6 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 7

sIm-−n-cn-¡p-¶pthm Ahs\ \n§Ä kq Xn\v th−n hnim-e-am-sbmcp Kthj-W-


£n-¡p-I. IpSpw-_-_-Ô-§sfbpw (\n§Ä {]_Ôw Rm³ X-¿m-dm-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. AXn
kq£n-¡p-I). XoÀ¨-bmbpw AÃm-lp \n§ sâ apJ-hp-c-bn amen-Iv,- im-^nCu,- Alv-aZv
sf \nco-£n-¨p-sIm-−n-cn-¡p-¶p.'' (\nkmAv:1) F¶o aq¶p Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw hnizm-k-]m-T-
§-fpsS Hcp kw{Klw DÄsIm-Ån-¨n-cp¶p.
Nne- am-\y-kp-lr-¯p-¡Ä Cu aq¶p Cam-ap-
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ I-fp-sSbpw hnizmk]mT§Ä thÀXn-cn¨v
Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ Ft¶mSv Bh-iy-s¸-«p.
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ "\mev Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw hnizm-k-§Ä' F¶
 [71-70:‫]اﻷﺣﺰاب‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
hnj-b]qÀ¯oIc-W-¯n-\mbn Fsâ Kth-j-
W-]-T-\-¯n XuloZnepw, JZvdnepw, Cuam-
""kXyhn-izm-kn-Itf, \n§Ä AÃm-lp \nepw, kzlm-_-¯nepw; Camw A_q-l-\o-^-
sh kq£n-¡p-Ibpw, icn-bmb hm¡v ]d-bp- ¡pÅ hnizm-k-§Ä, hN\imkv{X hnÚm
Ibpw sN¿pI, Ah³ \n§-fpsS IÀ½-§Ä \t¯mSpÅ At±-l-¯nsâ \ne-]mSv F¶n-
\¶m-¡n-¯-cn-Ibpw \n§-fp-sS ]m]-§Ä hsb kw_-Ôn¨v hni-Zambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-¨n-
s]mdp-¯p-X-cn-Ibpw sN¿pw. AÃm-lp-shbpw cp¶Xnsâ Hcp Npcp¡ hnh-cWw IqSn B
Ahsâ ZqX-s\bpw BÀ A\p-k-cn-¡p- apJ-hp-c-bnte¡v Iq«ntNÀ¯n-cn-¡pIbm-Wv.
¶pthm Ah³ al-¯mb hnPbw t\Sn-bn--cn-
¡p-¶p.'' (A-lvkm_v:70, 71) Cu IrXyw aptJ\ AÃm-lp-hnsâ al-
¯mb hPvlns\ am{X-amWv Rm³ Imw£n
""aX¯nsâ auen-I-X-Xz-§Ä Camw ¡p¶Xv. Ahsâ thZ-¯n \n¶pw k·m
A_ql\o^()bpsS ho£-W-¯nÂ''F¶ ÀKw kzoI-cn-¡m\pw Xncp-Zq-X-cpsS Ncy-bnÂ
hnj-b-s¯ Bkv]-Zn¨v tUmIvS-tdäv t\Sp-¶- k©-cn-¡m\pw \s½-sbÃmw Ah³ A\p-{K-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 8 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 9

ln-¡-s«. Cu e£y-¯n\p ]n¶n AÃm-lp-  


hm-Wv. Ah³ \ap¡v aXn-bm-b-h\pw Gähpw  
\Ã Imcy-Ø-\p-am-Wv. Ah-km-\s¯ \½p
sS {]mÀ°\ "kÀh-kvXp-Xnbpw temI-\m-Y- A²ymbw: H¶v
\mb AÃm-lp-hn-¶m-Ip¶p' F¶-s{X. "Cuam³' F¶ hnj-b-samgnsI
aX¯nsâ auen-I-hn-j-b-§-fn-seÃmw
tUm. apl-½Zv AÐpÀd-lv-am³ AÂJaokv \mep Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw hnizmkw
H¶p-X-s¶.
 
A_q-l-\o-^, amenIv, AlvaZv, im^n-Cu,
F¶o \mev Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw hnizm-k-§Ä
JpÀ-B\pw kp¶¯pw samgn-ªXpw, kzlm-
  _¯pw, Ah-sc \à \nebn ]n´p-SÀ¶
 
Xm_n-D-Ifpw \ne-sIm-−n-cp-¶Xpw Xs¶-bm-
Wv. Cam-ap-IÄ¡n-S-bn aX¯nsâ ASn-
  Øm\ -hn-j-b-§fn bmsXmcp A`n-{]m-b-
 
hy-Xym-khpw D−m-b-ncp-¶n-Ã (AÂlw-Zp-
enÃmlv)-. F-¶p-am-{X-aÃ, AÃm-lp-hnsâ
  hnti-jW-§-fn-epÅ hnizm-kw, JpÀ-B³
  AÃmlp-hnsâ hN\amWvþkrjvSn-b-Ã, lrZ-
bhpw \mhpw hnizm-ks¯ kXy-s¸-Sp-¯-
 

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 10 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 11

Ww... F¶n-h-I-fn AhÀ GIm-`n-{]m-b-¡m- At±lw Xs¶ Xsâ "an³lm-Pp-kp-¶'


cm-Wv. AXn\pw ]pdsa, {KoIv XXz-im-kv{X hmfyw:2 -t]-Pv: 106þÂ ]d-bp¶p:
hpw hN\imkv{X Nn´m-[m-c-Ifpw kzm[o-\n- ""{]kn-²-cmb FÃm Cam-ap-Ifpw AÃm
¨n-cp-¶, Plv-an-bm-¡fpw aäp-aS§n-b hN\ lp-hnsâ kzn^m-Xp-I-sf (hn-ti-j-W-§-sf)
imkv{X- h-àm-¡sf Cam-ap-IÄ AXn-cq- Øm]n-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv. "JpÀ-B³ AÃm-lp-hn
£ambn hnaÀin-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-¶p. sâ hN\amWvþkrjvSn-bà F¶pw, ]c-tem-
ssiJp Ckvemw C_v\p-Xo-an¿ Xsâ I¯v AÃm-lphns\ ZÀin-¡p-sa-¶pw AhÀ
"AÂ-Cu-am³' F¶ {KÙ-¯n (t]Pv:350, ]dªncp-¶p.' kzlm_¯nsâbpw Alvep
351)-]-d-bp-¶p: Âss_Xn \n¶pw -a-äp-apÅ Ah-cpsS icn-
""...F¶m Plv-an-I-fmb hN\imkv{X- bmb ]n³Km-an-I-fp-sSbpw ho£Whpw CXp-
¡m-À JpÀ-B-\n-sâbpw, Cuam-\n-sâbpw, X-s¶. amen-Iv _n-\p- A-\-kv, Yucn, sseYp
AÃm-lp-hnsâ kzn^m-Xp-I-fp-sSbpw hnj-b- _v\pkA-Zv, Hukm-Cu, A_q-l-\o-^,
§-fn-Â \S¯n-b hmZapJ-§sf kap-Zm-b- im^n-Cu, Al-aZv....XpS-§nb kzoIm-cy-tbm-
¯n kÂIoÀ¯n-bp-−m-bn-«pÅ \mev Cam- Ky-cmb Cam-ap-I-fpsS ho£-Whpw AXmWv.
ap-Isf t]mep-Å-hcpw aäpw \nin-X-ambn im^nCu Cam-ansâ hnizm-ks¯
FXnÀ¯n-cp¶p F¶Xv AÃmlphnsâ A\p- Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¨-Xn\v ssiJp Ckvemw
{K-l-am-Wv. AhÀ, ]c-tem-I¯v AÃm-lp- C_v\p-ssX-an¿ C§s\ adp-]Sn \ÂIn:
hns\ ZÀin¡mw, JpÀ-B³ AÃm-lp-hnsâ ""^pssfÂ_n³ Cbmfv, A_qkp-sse-am\p
hN\amWv þ krjvSn-b-Ã, Cuam-\n \mhp- ±mdm\n, kl-ep_v\p A_vZnÃm XkvXpcn
sIm−pw lrZbw sIm−pw kXy-s¸-Sp-¯Â XpS-§nb A\p-I-c-Wo-b-cmb al-¯p-¡-fpsS
\nÀ_Ôw... F¶n-§s\ ke-^p-I-Ä¡p-−m- hnizmkw Xs¶-bmWv im^n-Cu(-)-bpsS
bn-cp¶ \ne-]m-SpI-fn GtIm-]n-¨n-cp-¶p''. hnizm-khpw. Cu kap-Zm-b-¯nse ]qÀÆ

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 12 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 13

kqcn-I-fmb amen-Iv, Yucn, Hukm-C, C_v\p I, \ntj-[n¡msX ]cn-ip-²-am-¡p-I. CXp-X-


ap_m-dIv, Al-a-Zp-_n³ l¼Â, Ckvlm-Jp s¶bmWv Cam-ap-I-fmb amen-Iv, im^nCu,
_n\pdml-sshln t]mep-Å-h-cpsS hnizm- Yucn, C_v\p-ap-_m-d-Iv, Al-a-Zv... XpS-§nb
khpw AXp-Xs¶. Ckvem-anI ]Þn-X-·m-cp-sSbpw BZÀiw.
Cu Cam-ap-IÄ¡n-S-bn-sem¶pw Zo\nsâ Dkq-
Cu Cam-ap-IÄ¡nSbntem Ch-sc-t]m- ep-I-fn `n¶m-`n-{]m-b-§Ä D-−m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.
ep-Å-hÀt¡m aX¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-Im-cy-
§-fn bmsXm-cp-hn[ `n¶-X-bp-an-Ã. Camw Camw A_q-l-\o-^(--)-bn \n¶pw Ønc-
s¸-«p-h-¶n-«pÅ hnizm-k-]m-T-§Ä aäp Cam-
A_q-l-\o-^(--)-bpsS Imcyhpw A§s\ ap-I-tfmSv tbmPn-¡p-¶Xpw JpÀB\pw kp¶
Xs¶. XuloZv, JZvÀ, XpS-§nb hnj-b-§- ¯pw samgn-ªXpw Xs¶-bm-Wv' (JXz^v
fn At±-l-¯n \n¶pw kvYnc-s¸-«p-h-¶n- YaÀ t]Pv : 47, 48). A_q-l\o-^, amen-Iv,
«p-Å-sXÃmw aäp Cam-ap-I-fpsS hnizm-k- im^n-Cu, Alv-aZv F¶o A\p-I-cn-¡-s¸-
t¯mSv tbmPn-¡p-¶-p. Ah-cpsS hnizm-k-am- Sp¶ \mev Cam-ap-Ifpw aX¯nsâ auenI
I-s«, JpÀ-B\pw kp¶¯pw samgn-ªXpw, hnj-b-§-fn hniz-kn-¨n-cp¶ BZÀ ihpw
kzlm-_¯pw \à \ne-bn Ahsc ]n´p- hN\imkv{X- hn-Úm-\-t¯m-SpÅ Ah-cpsS
SÀ¶ Xm_n-D-Ifpw \ne sIm−ncp-¶-Xp-am-bn- kao-]-\hpw F´m-bn-cp-s¶¶v Ah-cpsS
cp-¶p. (a-Pvaq-DÂ ^Xmhm 5:256) Xs¶ {]kvXm-h-\-I-fn-eqsS C\n \ap¡v hne-
alm-]-Þn-X-\m-bn-cp¶ kn±oJv lk³ bn-cp-¯mw.
Jm\pw CtX ho£W¡mc\mWv. At±lw
]d-bp-¶Xv ImWpI: "\½psS BZÀiw ke-
^p-I-fpsS BZÀiw Xs¶. AXm-bXv, kzn  
^m-Xp-Isf kmZr-iy-s¸-Sp-¯msX Øm]n-¡p
 

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 14 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 15

 
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
 
[180:‫]اﻷﻋﺮاف‬
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
“AÃm-lp-hn\vGähpw \Ã t]cp-I-fp
A²ym-bw: c−v
−v. AXn-\m B t]cp-I-fn Ahs\
\n§Ä hnfn-¨p-sIm-ÅpI, Ahsâ t]cp-I-
Camw A_ql\o-^-bpsS fn Ir{Xnaw ImWn-¡p-¶-hsc \n§Ä hn«p-
hnizmkw I-f-bp-I. AhÀ sNbvXp-h-¶-Xnsâ ^ew
I.Xulo-Zv: At±-l-¯nsâ {]kvXm-h-\-IÄ AhÀ¡v hgnsb \ÂI-s¸-Spw”  (-A-A-vdm^v:180)
(d-Zp aplvXm-dnsâ ZpÀdpÂap-JvXmÀ, hmfyw
A) GI-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\-bn-epÅ At±-l-¯nsâ :6 t]P v: 396, 397)
hnizm-khpw aX]camb Xh-Êp-ensâ
hni-Zo-I-c-Whpw \qX\ Xh-Êp-ensâ 2) Camw A_q-l-\o^ ]d-bp¶p:
\ntj-[hpw
“\_n-am-cp-sSbpw
dkq-ep-I-fp-sSbpw
1) Camw A_q-l-\o^ ]d-bp¶p: lJp sIm−v Rm³ tNmZn-¡p¶p Ft¶m
“AÃmlp IÂ]n-¡p-Ibpw A\p-hmZw C¶ hyàn-bpsS lJpsImt−m ss_XpÂ
\ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvX {]mÀ°\I-fÃmsX, l-dm-an-sâtbm aivAdp ldm-an-sâtbm
Ah³ aptJ-\-b-ÃmsX AÃm-lp-thmSv HcmÄ lJpsIm−v tNmZn-¡p-¶p, Ft¶m HcmÄ
¡pw {]mÀ°n¡mh-X-Ã. JpÀ-B-\nÂ\n¶pw {]mÀ°n¡p-¶Xv shdp-¡-s¸-«-Xm-Wv.” (iÀlp
CXp a\-Ên-em-¡mw. AÃmlp ]d-ªp: AJoZ¯n Xzlm-hn-¿, t]Pv 234-þepw

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 16 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 17

CXvlm^v kmZ-Xp apX-Jo³ 2/285 epw AÃmlp tIm]n¡pw Ah³ Xr]vXn-s¸Spw,


Jmcn-bpsS idlpÂ^n-Jvln AIv_À, F¶m Ahsâ tIm]w in£bmsWt¶m
t]Pv:198þepw t\m¡p-I) Xr]vXn {]Xn-^-e-am-sWt¶m ]d-bm-h-X-Ã.
Ah³ kz´s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¨Xv am{Xw
3) Xh-Êp h hkoe t]Pv:82þepw iÀlp \½fpw hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-I. Ah³ GI\pw
^nJvlp AIv_À:198þepw A_q-l-\o^ ]cm-{i-bap-à-\p-am-Wv. Ah³ P\n-¨X-Ã,
]d--bp-¶-Xmbn C§s\ D²-cn-¡p-¶p: P\n-¸n-¨n-«p-an-Ã. Ah\p XpÃy-ambn bmsXm
“AÃm-lp-hns\
sIm−ÃmsX AÃm-lp- ¶p-an-Ã. Ah³ Fs¶¶pw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-
thmSv HcmÄ¡pw {]mÀ°n¡m-h-XÃ. "krjvSn- h\pw kÀÆ-i-à\pw FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶-
I-fpsS lJvsIm−v' Ft¶m "\nsâ knwlm- h\pw ImWp-¶-h\pw And-bp-¶-h-\p-am-Wv.
k-\-¯nse {]Xm-]-¯nsâ kt¦Xw aptJ\' Ahsâ Icw Ah-cpsS Ic-§Ä¡p aosX-
Ft¶m ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ CjvSs¸Sp-¶n-Ô. bmWv, F¶m AXv krjvSn-I-fpsS
ssIIÄ t]mse-b-Ã, Ahsâ apJw Ahsâ
B) AÃm-lp-hnsâ kzn^m-Xp-Isf Øm]n- krjvSn-I-fpsS apJ-§-sf-t]m-se-bp-a-Ô.
¡p-Ibpw PlvanIsf JWvTn-¡p-Ibpw
sN¿p¶p: (^nJvlp A_vkzXzv, t]Pv:56)
5) ^nJvlp AIv_À t]Pv 302þ At±lw
4) At±lw ]d-bp¶p: krjvSn-I-fpsS hnti-
j-W-§Ä sIm−v AÃm-lp-hns\ hti-jn-¸n- ho−pw ]d-bp¶p: “AÃmlp JpÀ-B-\n ]d-
¡-cp-Xv. Ahsâ tIm]hpw Xr]vXnbpw cq]- bp-¶Xpt]mse Ah¶v apJhpw a\Êpw
§Ä k¦Â¸n-¡m³ ]äm-¯- hntijW-§- I¿p-ap-−v. AÃmlp JpÀ-B-\n ]d-ªn-«p
fnÂs]« cs−®amWv. CXmWv Alvep Å apJhpw, I¿pw, a\Êpw cq]w \ÂIm³
kp¶¯n h PamA¯nsâ ho£-Ww. ]mSn-Ãm¯ Ahsâ hnti-j-W-§-fnÂs]«-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 18 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 19

Xm-Wv. Ahsâ ssI iàn-bm-Wt¶m AsÃ- AJoZ¯pXz lzm-hnb t]Pv : 245 Jmcn-bpsS
¦nÂ- A\p-{K-l-am-Wt¶m ]d-bm-h-X-Ã. Imc ^nJvlp AIv_À t]Pv:60 F¶nh
Ww, AXv Ahsâ hnti-j-Ws¯ \ntj-[n- ImWpI.)
¡-em-Wv. AXm-Is«, JZv-cn-¿pIfptSbpw 8) ho−pw A_q-l-\o^ ]dªp:
apAv-X-kn-ep-I-fp-sSbpw coXn-bmWv”.
“D¶X\mb AÃm-lp-hns\ hnfn-t¡-
6) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p: −Xv apIÄ`m-K-t¯-¡m-Wv, Xmgv`m-K-t¯-¡-
“AÃmlphnsâ k¯sb Ipdn¨v bm Ã. ImcWw Xmgv`m-K-sa-¶Xv Deq-ln-¿-¯n-
sXm¶pw Dcn-bm-Sm³ HcmÄ¡pw Ah-Im-i- tâbpw dp_q-_n-¿-¯n-tâbpw hnti-j-W-hp-
anÃ, AÃmlp kz´s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¨Xp ambn H«pw _Ô-an-Ãm-¯-Xm-Wv”. (^n-JvlpÂ
am{Xw Ahs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-I-b-ÃmsX, A-_vkzXzv)
D¶-X\pw A\p-{K-l-]qÀ®\pamb temI- 9) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:
c£n-Xm-hns\ kw_-Ôn¨v hÃhcp-sSbpw
A`n-{]m-b-¯n Fs´-¦nepw ]d-bm\pw “Ah³ tIm]n-¡p-Ibpw Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-
]mSn-Ô. (iÀlp-A-JoZ¯pXzlm-hn¿: 2/427, Ibpw sN¿p¶p. Ahsâ tIm]-sa-¶Xv
Pem-ep sFss\\n t]Pv:368) Ahsâ in£-bm-sWt¶m Ahsâ Xr]vXn
F¶Xv Ahsâ {]Xn-^-e-am-sWt¶m ]d
7) AÃm-lp-hn-sâ Cd-¡s¯ Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¨-
t¸mÄ At±lw ]d-ªp: ªp-Iq-Sm-¯-Xm-Wv. ” (-^n-Jvlp A_vkzXzv
t]Pv:56)
“cq]-s¸-Sp-¯m-\m-hm¯ hn[w Ah³ 10) ho−pw At±lw ]dªp:
Cd-§p-¶p”. (A-Jo-Z-Xp-Ê-e^v Akvlm-_pÂ
lZoY,v t]Pv:42, ss_lJnbpsS AÂ “Ahsâ krjvSn-I-fpsS hkvXp-¡-fnÂ
AkvamD hkzn^m¯v, t]Pv : 456, iÀlp bmsXmcp hkvXp-hp-ambn Ah\v kmZr-iy-an

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 20 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 21

Ã. Ahsâ krjvSn-I-fp-ambpw Ah\v kmZr- 13) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:


iy-an-Ã. Ah³ A\m-Znbn Xs¶ Xsâ \ma-
“a\pjycpsS Bi-b-§-fn \n¶v
hn-ti-j-W-§-tfm-sSbpÅh\pw Fs¶¶pw \ne--
GsX-¦n-ep-samcp Bi-b-hp-ambn AÃm-lp-
sIm-Åp-¶-h-\pamWv”. (^nJvlp AIv_À: hns\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶-h³ Ahn-iz-kn-¨n-cn-
t]Pv:301)
¡p-¶p”. (A-Jo-Z-¯pXz-lm-hnb, AÂ_m-\n-
11) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: bpsS ASn¡pdn-¸p-k-lnXw t]Pv : 25)
“Ahsâ hnti-j-W-§Ä krjvSn-I-
fpsS hnti-j-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw hn`n-¶-am-Wv. 14) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:
Ah³ Adn-bp¶p F¶m \½psS Adn-hp- “Ah\v k¯m-hn-ti-j-Whpw {]hÀ¯
t]m-se-b-Ã. Ah¶v iàn-bp−v F¶m \ \hn-ti-j-W-hp-ap-−v, Ahsâ k¯m-hn-ti-
ap-¡pÅ iàn-t]m-se-b-Ã. Ah³ ImWp¶p jW-sa-¶Xv ssNX\yw, iàn, kwkm-cw,
]s£, \½psS Imgv¨-t]m-se-b-Ã. Ah³ Adnhv, tIÄhn, ImgvN, Xocp-am\w F¶n-h-
tIÄ¡p¶p F¶m \½psS tIÄhn-t]m- bm-Wv. Ahsâ {]hÀ¯\hn-ti-j-W-sa-¶Xv
se-b-Ã. Ah³ kwkm-cn-¡p¶p F¶m krjvSn-¡pI, D]-Po-h\w \ÂIpI, D−m-¡p-
\½psS kwkm-cw-t]m-se-b-Ô. I, ap³am-Xr-I-bn-ÃmsX ]pXp-a-tbmsS ]S-¡p-
-(^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302) I, \nÀamWw \S-¯pI F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ
{]hÀ¯\hn-ti-j-W-§-fm-Wv. Ahsâ \ma-
12) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p: hn-ti-j-W-§-tfmsS Ah³ A\m-Zn-
“krjvSn-I-fpsS hnti-j-W-§ÄsIm−v bmbn«pÅ-h\pw Fs¶¶pw \ne-sIm-Åp-¶-
h-\p-am-Wv. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À, t]Pv:301)
AÃm-lp-hns\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡-cp-Xv”.
(^n-Jvlp A_vkz-Xv t]Pv:56) 15) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 22 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 23

“Ah³ A\m-Zn-bnte Xsâ {Inb-bpsS bpsS Dep-Æn t]P:v116 epw idlp Xzlm-
IÀ¯m-hm-bn-«p-Å-h-\m-Wv. {Inb \S-¯pI hn-b-bpsS t]P:v 301 epw D±-cn-¨n-«p-−v.)
F¶Xv A\m-Zn-bm-bn-«p-Å -hn-ti-j-W-am-Wv. 17) “\o Bcm-[n¨p sIm−n-cn-¡p¶ \nsâ
IÀ¯mhv alm-\m-bn-«pÅ AÃm-lp-hm-Wv. ssZhw Fhn-sS?'' F¶v Xt¶mSv tNmZn¨
{Inb A\m-Zn-bmb hnti-j-W-hpw IÀaw kv{XotbmSv At±lw ]dªp: ""alm ]cn-ip-
krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-Xpam-Wv. AÃm-lp-hnsâ {Inb- ²-\mb AÃmlp BIm-i¯mWv, `qan-bn-
\-S-¯Â krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-X-Ô. eÃ''.
(-^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:301)
At¸mÄ HcmÄ At±-l-t¯mSv tNmZn
16) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p. ¨p: Ah³ \n§-tfm-sSm-¸-ap−v (l-ZoZv:4)
“hÃ-h\pw "Fsâ c£n-Xmhv BImi- F¶ JpÀ-B-\nI hN\s¯ Ipdn¨v Xm¦-
¯mtWm `qan-bn-em-tWm- F-s¶-\n-¡-dn-bnÃ' fpsS A`n-{]mbw F´m-Wv? ""AXv \o A{]-
F¶p-]-d-ªm Ah³ Ahn-iz-kn-¨p. Xy-£-\m-bn-cns¡ HcmÄ¡v Is¯-gp-Xp-
A{]Im-cw- Xs¶bmWv "Ah³ knwlm-k-\- t¼mÄ "Rm³ \nsâ IqsS-bp-−v', F¶v Fgp-
¯n-t·-emWv F¶m knwlm-k\w BImi- Xp-¶-Xp-t]m-se-bm-W.v”
¯mtWm `qan-bn-emtWm Fs¶-\n-¡-dn-bnÃ' (A-kvam-D-h-Ên-^m-Xv, t]Pv:429)
F¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xpw”. (^nJvlp A_vkzXzv 18) AXp-t]mse ho−pw At±lw ]d-ªp:
t]Pv:46, CXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ aPvap-DÂ^-Xmh “AÃm-lp-hnsâ ssI Ah-cpsS ssIIÄ¡p
5/48-epw C_v\p J¿n-ansâ CPvXn-am-DÂPp- aosX-bm-Wv. AXv Ahsâ krjvSn-I-fpsS
bq-ip Ckveman¿- t]Pv:139 epw Zl-_n-
bpsS Dep-Ænepw t]Pv:101, 102,-C_v\p Jp±m-a- ssIIsf t]msebÃ.”
(^n-Jvlp A_vkzXzv t]P:v56)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 24 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 25

19) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p: 22) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p


“alm]cn-ip-²-\mb AÃmlp BImi   “Ah³ kwkm-cn-¡p¶p F¶m \½psS
¯mWv `qan-bn-e-Ô At¸mÄ HcmÄ At±-l- kwkmcw t]mse-b-Ô. (-^n-Jvlp AIv_À
t¯mSv tNmZn-¨p: A-h³ \n§-tfm-sSm-¸-ap-−v- t]Pv:302)
(lZoZv:4) -F¶ AÃm-lp-hnsâ hN\s¯ 23) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p:
Ipdn¨v Xm¦-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-sa-´mWv? At±
lw ]dªp: AXv \o A{]-Xy-£-\m-bn-cns¡   “aqkm- \_n () AÃm-lp-hnsâ kw
HcmÄ Is¯-gp-Xp-t¼mÄ "Rm³ \nsâ IqsS- kmcw tI«n«p-−v. A{]-Im-c-amWv AÃmlp
bp−v' F¶v Fgp-Xp-¶-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv. ]d-bp-¶-Xv: “aq-km-tbmSv AÃmlp t\cn«v kw
(A-kvam-D-h-Ên-^mXv 2/170) kmcn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp” \nkm-Av: 164. aqkm-
20) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: ()-tbmSv AÃmlp kwkm-cn-¨n-«n-sænÂ
Xs¶ AÃmlp kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-h-\m-bn-«p-Å-
  “AÃmlp aqkm-\-_n(-) tbmSv kwkm-
cn-¨n-cp-¶n-«n-sÃ-¦nepw Ah³ kwkm-cn-¡p-¶- h-\mWv”. (^nJvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302)
h-\m-bn-cp-¶p” (^nJvlp AIv_À:302) 24) ho−pw At±lw ]dªp:
21) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p:   “JpÀ-B³ AÃm-lp-hnsâ hN\amIp-
¶p. AXv apkvl-^p-I-fn Fgp-X-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-
  “Ahsâ kwkmcw sIm−v Ah³ ¶p, lrZ-b-§-fn kq£n¡s¸Sp-¶p, \mhp-
kwkmcn-¡p-¶-h-\m-Wv. kwkmcw F¶Xv
I-fn ]mcm-bWw sN¿s¸Sp¶p. \_n()
A\mZn-bn-epÅ hnti-j-W-am-Wv” (^nJvlp ¡v Ah-X-cn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.” (^n-JvlpÂ
AIv_À t]Pv 301) AIv_À t]Pv:301)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 26 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 27

25) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p: 3) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:


  “JpÀ-B³ krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-X-Ã.”   iq\y-am-sbmcp hkvXphns³d iq\ym-h-
Ø-bn AXv iq\y-am-sW¶v AÃmlp Adn-
(^nJvlp AIv_À t]P:v301) bp-¶p, AtX-k-a-bw-Xs¶ AXns\ Ah³
C) JZvdv: Camw A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS hm¡p-IÄ D−m-¡p-t¼mÄ F§-s\-bm-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶pw
Ah³ Adn-bp-¶p, \ne-hn-epÅ GsXm-¶n-
1)- Hcp a\p-jy³ Camw A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS sâbpw D×-bpsS ØnXn AXp \ne\nÂ
ASp-¯p-h¶p JZvdn-sâ (-hn[n hyh-Ø-bp- s¡Xs¶ Ah³ Ad-nbp-¶p, AtX kabw
sS) hnj-b-¯n XÀ¡n-¡m³ XpS-§n. Xs¶ AXv F§s\ \mi-a-S-bp-sa¶pw
At¸mÄ Abm-tfmSv ]dªp: Ah³ Adn-bp-¶p. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À
JZvdnsâ hnj-b-¯n Kl-\-amb Kth- t]Pv:302, 303)
j-W-¯n-teÀs¸-Sp-¶-Xv kqcysâ I®p-I-fn- 4) Camw A_ql-\o^ ]d-bp¶p:
te¡v t\m¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv.
AXn-te¡v IqSp-XÂ t\m¡p-t´mdpw IqSp- Ahsâ hn[n-hy-h-Ø (-J-ZvÀ) kwc-£n-
X ]cn-{`m-´n-bp-−mIp¶p. (Jem-CZp DJq- X^-e-I-¯n (eulpÂa-lv^q-fnÂ) BIp
Zn CJvbm³ t]Pv: 77) ¶p. (^nJvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302)
2) Camw A_q-l-\o-^- ]d-bp¶p: 5) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p.
hkvXp-¡Ä D−m-Ip-¶-Xn-\p-ap-t¼, AÃmlp XBem t]\-tbmSv Fgp-Xm³
Ah-sb¡p-dn-¨pÅ A\m-Zn-bmb Adn-hp-Å-h- I¸n-¨p. At¸mÄ B t]\ tNmZn¨p: c£n-
\mWv AÃm-lp (^nJvlp AIv_À Xmth F´mWv Rm³ -FgptX−Xv? A-
t]Pv:302, 303) t¸mÄ alm-\mb AÃmlp ]d-ªp: A´y-
\mÄhtc¡pw kw`-hn-¡p-¶-sXÃmw \o Fgp-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 28 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 29

Xp-I. CXp \mw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv AÃmlp 8) At±lw ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:


C§s\ {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-−m-Wv: AÃmlp krjvSn¸v XpS-§p-¶-Xnsâ
ap¼p-Xs¶ Ah³ kr-jvSm-hm-bn-cp¶p.
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
(^nJvlp AIv_À t]P:v304)
[53،52:‫]اﻟﻘﻤﺮ‬ ‫ـ‬
9) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
a\pjy\pw Ahsâ {]hÀ¯\§fpw
(AhÀ {]hÀ¯n¨ apgp-h³ Imcy-§fpw Xocp-am-\-§fpw Adn-hp-Ifpw krjvSn-bmsW
tcJ-I-fn-ep-−v. GXp sNdn-b-Im-cyhpw henb ¶v \mw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. {]h¯nsN¿p¶
Imcyhpw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n-sh-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p.) a\pjy³ Xs¶ krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-Xm-sW¶v
(J-aÀ:52,53)(AÂhkzn¿ a-Aidlnlm t]Pv:21) hcp-t¼mÄ Ahsâ {]hÀ¯\§fpw krjv
6) ho−pw Camw A_q-l-\o^ ]d-bp¶p: Sn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-I -F-¶Xv Gähpw AÀl-am-
bXmWtÃm.
AÃmlp Dt±-in-¨m-e-ÃmsX Cl-tem-
It¯m ]c-tem-It¯m bmsXm¶pw D−m-Ip- (AÂhkzn¿ aAidlnlm, t]Pv:14)
I-bn-Ã. 10) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
(^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302) Ne\w, \nÝew XpS§n krjvSn-I-fpsS
7) ho−pw Camw A_q-l-\o^ ]d-bp¶p: FÃm {]hÀ¯\§fpw -A-h-cpsS sNbvXn-
bmsXmcp hkvXp-hn \n¶p-a-Ãm-sX IÄ Xs¶. F¶m alm-\m-b -AÃmlphm-
Xs¶ AÃmlp ]e hkvXp¡sfbpw Ip¶p AXntâbpw krjvSm-hv. Ah-sbÃmw
krjvSn¨p. Xs¶ Ahsâ Dt±-it¯msSbpw, Adn-thm-
(^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302) sSbpw, hn[n-hy-h-Ø-tbms-SbpapffXm-Ip-
¶p. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:303)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 30 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 31

11) Camw A_q l\o^ ]dªp: Xs¶ hgnsb hnh-cn-¡p-¶-t]m-se, Ckvem


A\-¡hpw AS-¡hpw apXÂ ASn-a-I- ansâ ip²{]IrX-¯n-emWv a\pjysc AÃmlp
fpsS apgp-h³ {]hÀ¯\§fpw bZmÀ°- krjvS-n¨Xv F¶v ]d-bp-¶-XmWv icn)
¯n Ah-cpsS sNbvXn-Ifm-Wv. alm-\mb ]n¶oSv Ah-tcmSv Ah³ kwt_m-[\ \S-
AÃm-lp-hmWv Ahsb krjvSn-¨Xv. Ah-sb ¯p-I-bpw, -A-h-tcm-Sv IÂ]n-¡p-I-bpw, hntcm-
Ãmw Ahsâ Dt±-i-t¯m-sS-bpw, Ahsâ [n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶n«v Ahn-iz-kn-¨-
Adn-thm-sSbpw, hyh-Ø-tbm-sSbpapÅ-Xm- h³ Xsâ {]hÀ¯\¯mepw \ntj-[-
Wv. \·-I-sfÃmw AÃm-lp-hnsâ IÂ]-\-tbm ¯mepw kXys¯ Xnc-kv¡-cn-¨-Xn-\mepw,
sS \nÀ_Ôam-bn-«p-ÅXpw Ahsâ CjvS- AÃmlp XBem Is¿mgn¨-Xnsâ ^e-am-bn-
t¯m-sSbpw, Xr]vXn-tbm-sSbpw Adn-thm-sS- «mWv Ahn-iz-mkn-bm-b-Xv. F¶m hniz-kn-
bpw, Dt±it¯msSbpw hn[n-tbm-sSbpw \nÀ ¨-h-\m-Is«, Xsâ {]hÀ¯\¯mepw AwKo-
®bt¯ms-Sbp-ap-ÅXmWv. I-c-W-¯mepw, kXys¯ kzoI-cn-¨-Xn-\mepw
AÃm-lp-X-Bem A\p-{K-ln-¨-Xnsâbpw k
]m]§sfÃmw -A-hsâ AdnthmsSbpw lm-bn-¨-Xnsâbpw ^e-am-bn-«mWv hnizm-kn-
hn[n-tbm-sSbpw \nÀ®bt¯m-sSbpw Dt±-i-
t¯ms-S-bpamsW¦nepw Ahsâ CjvS-t¯m- bm-b-Xv.” (^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302, 303)
sStbm, Xr]vXn-tbm-sStbm, IÂ]-\-tbm-sS 13) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
tbm AÃ. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:303) ""Ah³ BZ-ansâ k´-Xn-Isf At±-l-
12) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: ¯nsâ apXp-In \n¶pw Ddp-¼p-I-fpsS cq]-
¯n ]pd-¯p-sIm-−p-h-cn-Ibpw, Ahsb
  “alm-\mb AÃmlp krjvSn-Isf hn {Kmly-i-àn-bp-Å-h-cm-¡p-Ibpw, F¶n«htcmSv
izm-k-¯nÂ\n¶pw Ahn-izm-k-¯n \n¶pw kwt_m-[\\S-¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. kXy-hn-izm-
hnap-à-ambn krjvSn-¨p. (-A-_q-l-\o-^- k-¯n\v Ah-tcmSv IÂ]n-¡pIbpw Ahn-izm-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 32 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 33

ks¯ Ah-tcmSv hne-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 15) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:-


A\-´cw c£m-IÀXr-Xz-s¯ Aht\mSv Xsâ krjvSn-I-fn Hcm-sfbpw kXy-
AhÀ Gäp-]-d-ªp. AXv AhcpsS `mK hn-izm-k-¯nt\m \ntj-[-¯nt\m AÃmlp
¯p\n¶papff kXy-hn-izm-k-am-bn-cp-¶p. B \nÀ_Ôn¨n-«n-Ã. kzX{´ hyàn-I-fmbmWv
]cnip² {]Ir-X-¯n AhÀ P\n¨p-sIm-−n- Ahsc krjvSn-¨n«pÅXv. kXyhnizm-khpw
cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. C\n Bsc-¦nepw kXy-\n-tj-[hpw Zmk-·m-cpsS {]hÀ¯nbm-
Ahn-iz-kn-¡p-I-bm-W-¦n AXn\p tijw Wv. kXy\ntj-[nbpsS \ntj-[-¯m Ah
Ah³ Ahn-iz-kn¨p, amäpIbpw Xncp-¯p- ³ Ahn-izm-kn-bm-sW¶v AÃmlp A-dnbp-
Ibpw sNbvXp. C\n Bsc-¦nepw hniz-kn- ¶p. C\n AXn\pw tijw AbmÄ kXyhn-
¡p-Ibpw kXyw kzoI-cn-¡p-I-bp-am-W-¦n izm-kn-bm-bm AXpw Ah³ Adn-bp¶p.
Ah³ AXn ASnbpd¨p \ne-s¡m−p'' Ahsâ Ad-nhn bmsXmcp amähpw kw`-hn-
(^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:302) ¡m-sX- Abmsf Ah³ CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶p.
14) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: (^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:303)
FÃm hkvXp-¡-sfbpw \nÀ®bn¡p-
Ibpw hn[n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-«p-f-fXv Ah-\- D) Cuam-³: Camw A_q-l\o-^-bpsS hm¡p-IÄ
s{X. Ahsâ Dt±-i-t¯m-sSbpw Adn-thm- 1) At±lw ]dªp:
sSbpw hn[n-hy-h-Ø-tbm-sS-bpa-ÃmsX Cl-
tem-It¯m ]c-tem-It¯m H¶pw D−m-Ip- kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-¶Xv AwKo-I-cn-¡epw kXy-
¶n-Ã. kwc£nX^eI¯n (eulp s¸-Sp-¯-ep-amWv. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À 304)
alv^q-fnÂ) AXv Ah³ tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-I 2) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
bpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p. (-^n-Jvlp AIv_À kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-¶Xv \mhp-sIm−v Gäp-]-d-
t]Pv:302) bepw, lrZbw sIm−v kXy-s¸-Sp¯-ep-am-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 34 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 35

Wv. tIhew k½-Xn-¡p-¶-XpsIm-−p am{Xw ¯nÂ\n¶pw AI-se-bm-Wp-f-f-Xv. c−v Ah-


kXy-hn-izm-k-am-bn-¯o-cp-I-bn-Ã.(h-kn¿ aA Ø-bnepw At±-l-¯n\v {]Xn-^ew e`n¡pw.
idlnlm t]P:2) A_q-l-\o-^-bnÂ\n¶pw C_v\p A_vZn _Àdpw C_v\p A-_nÂ
At±-l-¯nsâ c−p injy-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw C CÊpw hnh-cn-¡p-¶-XnÂ\n¶pw A_q-
Xv D²-cn-¨n-«p-−v (-idlp-Xz-lm-hn-¿, t]Pv:360) l\o^ Xsâ hmZ-K-Xn-I-fn \n¶pw ]n¶oSv
3) A_ql-\o^ ho−pw ]dªp: ]n³hm-§n-bn-«p-s−¶v a\Ênem¡mw. (C_v
\p A_vZnÂ_Àdnsâ Xwlo-Zv (9/247) epw
kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-¶Xv IqSp-Itbm Ipd-bp- idlp AJo-Z-Xz-lm-hn¿ t]Pv:395 epw
Itbm sN¿p¶nÃ. (hkn¿ aAidln-lm CXp ImWmw) AÃm-lp-hmWv Gähpw Adn-
t]Pv:3) bp-¶-h³.
Rm³ ]d-bp¶p: kXy-hn-izmkw IqSp-Itbm
Ipd-bp-Itbm CÃ F¶- A-t±-l-¯nsâ {] E) kzlm-_-¯v:Camw A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS ho£Ww
kvXm-h-hpw, kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-¶v ]-d-bp-¶Xv 1) Camw A_ql-\o^ ]dªp:
lrZbw sIm−v kXy-s¸-Sp-¯epw \mhp- {]hm-N-I³()-bpsS A\p-N-c-cn Hcmsf
sIm−v Gäp-]-d-b-ep-amWv IÀaw Cuam-\n-I- kw_-Ôn¨pw KpW-a-ÃmsX \mw ]d-bp-I-
bm-ZmÀ°y-¯n\v ]pd-¯p-f-f-Xm-Wv.... C§-s\- bnÃ. (^n-Jvlp AIv_À t]Pv:304)
bp-ff hm¡p-Ifpw Camw A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS
hnizmk BZÀi-¯n\pw amenIv, im^n-Cu, 2) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
AlvaZv, Ckvlm-Jv, _pJm-co, XpS-§nb {]hm-N-Isâ A\p-N-c-cn Hcm-sfbpw \mw
CXc CkvemanI Cam-ap-I-fpsS BZÀi-¯n- Is¿m-gn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. Hcmsf Hgn-hm¡n asäm-cm-
\p-an-S-bnse hyXym-ks¯ thÀXn-cn-¨p-Im-Wn- tfmSv Iqdp-]p-eÀ¯pI-bpan-Ã. (^nJvlpÂ
¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. kXyw B Cam-ap-I-tfm-sSm-¸-am- AIv_À t]Pv:40)
Wv. A-_q-l-\o-^-bpsS Cu{]kvXmhw kXy-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 36 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 37

3) At±lw ]dbp¶p: kJm-¡sf kw_-Ôn¨pw {]iwk ]d-bp-I-


b-ÃmsX \mw DcnbmSpIbnÃ.
Ah-cn HcmÄ dkqÂ(-) bpsS IqsS Hcp-a-
Wn-¡qÀ t\cw \n¡p¶Xv \½n HcmÄ (A-¶qdpÃm-an-Av ]pdw:119 B )
Bbp-jvImew apgp-h-\pw, AsX{X ZoÀLn-¨-
Xmbn sImÅ-s«, IÀ½-a-\p-jvSn-¡p-¶-Xn-t\-
¡mÄ- D¯-a-am-Wv. (a¡nbpsS a\mJn_v F) hN\imkv{X-hpw aXIe-lhpw
A_ol\o^,t]Pv:76) At±lw hntcm-[n-¡p-¶p.
4) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: 1) Camw A_q-l-\o^ ]d-bp¶p:
\½psS {]hm-N-I³ apl-½-Zv(-)¡p tijw _kz-d-bn X¶n-jvS-¡mÀ hf-sc-Iq-Sp-X-em-
Cu kap-Zm-b-¯n Gähpw t{ijvS-\m-bn-«p- Wv.- Rm³ Ccp-]-Xn-e-[nIw XhW AhnsS
ffXv A_q-_-¡-dm-sW¶v \mw AwKo-I-cn- t]mbn-«p-−v. hnÚm-\o-b-§-fn Gähpw
¡p-¶p. ]n¶oSv Dadpw ]ns¶ Dkvam\pw al-¯-c-am-b-XmWv hN\imkv{X-hn-Úm-\-
]ns¶ Aen-bp-am-Wv. Ah-cn FÃm-h-cnepw sa¶ [mc-W-bn an¡-t¸mgpw Hcp hÀjtam
AÃmlp A\p-{Klw hÀjn-¡s«. (hkn¿ AXn IqSntbm Ipdtªm Imew AhnsS
aAidlnlm t]Pv:14) Xma-kn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-¶p. (IpÀZn-bpsS
5) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: a\m-Jn_p A_o-l-\o^ t]Pv:137)
2) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
\_n(-)¡p tijw P\-§-fn Gähpw
t{ijvSÀ A_q-_-¡dpw Dadpw Dkvam\pw Rm³ hN\imkv{X-¯n Xs¶ {i²sh¨p
Aen-bp-am-Wv. ]ns¶ {]hm-N-Isâ FÃm Ign-bp-Ib
- m-bn-cp-¶p. A§s\ Cu hnÚm-\-
¯n F¶n-te¡v hnc- Nq−-s¸-Sp¶ ]Z-
hn-bn Rm³ F¯n. R§Ä Hcn-¡Â

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 38 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 39

l½mZv_v\pA_o-kp-sse-amsâ hnÚm-\-k- ¯nsâ (CÂapÂ-I-em-an-sâ) bmsXm-cm-h-iy-


Z-Ên-\-Sp¯v Ccn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ hp-an-Ã. Rm³ Fsâ sNcn-s¸-Sp-¯p.
Hcp kv{Xo Fs¶ kao-]n-¨v C§s\ tNmZn- l½mZnsâ ASp¯p t]mbn Ccp-¶p. (Xm-
¨p: Hcp a\p-jy\v ASn-a-kv{Xo-bmb Hcp `mcy- coJp _KvZmZv 13/333)
bp-−v. Ahsf hnhm-l-tam-N\w \S-¯p-¶Xv 3) At±lw ho−pw ]dªp:
{]hm-N-I-N-cy-b-\p-k-cn-¨m-Im³ At±lw Dt±-
in-¡p-¶p. F¦n F{X samgn-bm-W-t±lw Awdp_v\p Dss_-Zns\ AÃmlp i]n¡-s«,
sNmtÃ-−-Xv? F´mWv adp]Sn ]d-tb-−-Xv- Ah³ P\-§Ä¡v {]tbm-P-\-an-Ãm¯ hN\
F-s¶-\n¡v Adn-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. l½m-Zn-t\m imkv{X NÀ¨-I-fn-te¡v AhÀ¡v hgn Xpd-
Sv t]mbn tNmZn-¨p -t\m-¡m³ Rm³ Ah- ¶n-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. (l-d-hn-bpsS Z½p Iemw
tfmSv \nÀt±in¨p. ]n¶oSv AhÄ Xncn¨ph t]Pv:28, 31)
¶v Ft¶mSv C§s\ hnh-cn-¨p-: AhÄ HcmÄ At±-l-t¯mSv C§-s\ tNmZn¨p:
l½m-Zn-t\mSv tNmZn-¨-t¸mÄ At±lw ]d-ª- hnizmkimkv{X-¯n Bfp-IÄ \qX\ambn
s{X. B kv{Xo BÀ¯-h-¯n \n¶pw krjvSn-¨n-«p-ff KpW-§Ä,- k-¯-IÄ F¶n-
kwtbm-K-¯nÂ\n¶pw apà-am-bn-«p-ff- ip-²n- hsb kw_-Ôn-¨p -Xm-¦Ä F´p ]d-bp-¶p?
L-«-¯n-emWv Ahsf samgnsNmtÃ-−-Xv. At±lw C§s\ adp]Sn \ÂIn: AsXÃmw
]n¶oSv AhÄ¡v c−p amk-ap-d-bp-−m-Ip-¶- XXz-Úm-\n-I-fpsS NÀ¨-I-fm-Wv. \o k-O-cn-
Xp-hsc AbmÄ Ahsf kao-]n-¡-cp-Xv. A\- X-cmb ]qÀhn-IcpsS(k-e-^p-I-fp-sS) hgnbpw
´cw AhÄ Ipfn¨p ip²n-bm-bm hnhm hnÚm-\hpw apdpsI ]nSn-¡p-I. FÃm
lw Ign-¡p-¶-bmÄ¡v Ahsf kzoI-cn-¡p- \qX\ \nÀ½nXn-sbbpw \o kq£n-¡-Ww,
¶Xv A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv. AhÄ Xncn-¨p-h¶v AsXÃmw A\m-Nm-c-§-fm-Wv. (-l-d-hn-bpsS
F\n¡v CXv hnh-cn-¨p-X-¶-t¸mÄ Rm³ ]d- Z½p Iemw 194-_n)
ªp: F\n¡v Cu hN\imkv{X-hn-Úm-\-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 40 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 41

4) A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS ]p{X³ l½mZv ]d- sN¿p¶-h-\mtbm F\n¡v A\p-`-h-s¸-«n-cp-


bp-¶p: Hcp Znhkw Fsâ ]nXmhvþ AÃmlp ¶n-Ã. Rm³ At±-lt¯mSv ]-d-ªp: AÃ
At±-l-t¯mSv IcpW sN¿s«, FsâbSp- tbm ]nXmth \n§Ä AsX-t¶mSv IÂ]n-¨-
¯p-I-S-¶p-h¶p. hN\imkv{X-¡mc-mb Hcp Xm-bn-cp-¶-tÃm. At±lw ]dªp: Fsâ
kwLw At¸mÄ FsâbSp-¯p-−m-bn-cp-¶p. tamt\ C¶v Rm³ \nt¶mSXv hne-¡p-¶p.
R§Ä Hcp hnj-b-¯n kwh-Zn-¨p-sIm-−n- Rm³ ]dªp: AsX´p-sIm-−m-Wv? At±
cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. R§-fpsS i_vZw hfsc lw ]dªp: hN\imkv{X-¯nse ]e hnj-
DbÀ¶n-«p-ap-−m-bn-cp-¶p. ho«n At±-l- b-§-fnepw `n¶n-¨n-«p-f-f-h-cmbn \o Im-Wp¶
¯nsâ BK-a\w a\-Ên-em-¡n- Rm³ At±- Ch-scÃmw Htc aX¯nepw ho£-W-¯n-epw -
l-¯nsâ ASp-t¯¡v sN¶p. At¸mÄ \nesIm−-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. A§s\ ]nimNv
Ft¶m-S-t±lw tNmZn-¨p, l½mtZ BcmWv Ah-cn ZpÀt_m-[\w \S-¯p-Ibpw AhÀ
\nsâbSp-¯p-f-f-hÀ? Rm³ ]dªp: C¶ ¡n-S-bn i{XpXbpw `n¶n¸pw C«p-sIm-Sp-
C¶ Bfp-IÄ, FsâbSp-¯p-f-f-h-cp-sSsb ¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXn-\m AhÀ thÀ]n-
Ãmw t]cp-IÄ ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯p. At±lw cn-ªn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. (a-¡n-bpsS a\m-Jn_p
tNmZn¨p: \n§Ä F´p hnj-b-¯n-em-bn-cp- A_o-l-\o-^, t]Pv:183, 184)
¶p, Rm³ ]dªp R§Ä C¶Xpt]m se 5) A_q-l-\o^ A_qbq-kp-^n--t\mSv ]d-
bpÅ hnj-b-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ At± ªp:
lw ]dªp: l½mtZ \o hN\imkv{Xs¯
shSn-bp-I. aX¯nsâ auen-Imi-b-sa¶ \ne-bnÂ
P\-§-tfmSv hN\imkv{X-NÀ¨ \S-¯p-¶Xv
At±lw XpScp¶p: ]nXm-hns\ Hcp \o kq£n-¡-Ww. F´p-sIm-s−-¶m AhÀ
hnX-ÞhmZ-¡m-c-\m-tbm, Hcp Imcyw IÂ]n- \ns¶ A\p-I-cn-¡p-¶-h-cm-b-Xn-\m AXn
¡p-Ibpw ]n¶oSv AXns\ hntcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 42 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 43

epw AhÀ apgp-In-tb¡pw. (a-¡n-bpsS a\m-


Jn_p A_o-l-\o^ t]Pv : 373)
Camw A_q-l-\o-^-bpsS hm¡p-I-fn-
eqsS aX¯nsâ auenI kn²m-´-§-fnÂ
At±-l-¯nsâ hnizm-km-ZÀihpw hN\
imk-{X-t¯mSpw AXnsâ ]WvUn-X-·m-
tcmSpw At±-l-¯n-\p-−m-bn-cp¶ \ne-]m-Sp- A²ymbw: aq¶v
amWv ChnsS D²-cn-¨-Xv.
Camw amenIv _n\p A\-knsâ
hnizmkw
A) Xulo-Zv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ
1) ldhn im^n-Cu-bn \n¶pw D²-cn-¡p-
¶p: amen-In-t\mSv hN\imkv{Xs¯ kw_
Ôn¨pw Xulo-Zns\ kw_-Ôn¨pw tNmZn-¨-
t¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp:
\_n(--) Xsâ kap-Zm-b-¯n\v iuNyw
sN¿p¶-Xns\ kw_-Ôn¨p ]Tn-¸n-¨p,
F¶m XuloZv AhÀ¡v ]Tn-¸n-¨p-sIm-Sp-
¯nà F¶v At±-ls¯ Ipdn¨v Icp-Xp-¶Xv

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 44 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 45

Akw`hy-am-Wv. Xulo-Zns\ Ipdn-¨m-Is« epw, BPqco "icoA' t]Pv:314þepw,


\_n(--) ]d-ªn-«p-f-fXv: ss_lJo "CAvv-Xn-JmZv' t]Pv:118þepw,
ُ َّ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ ُ C_v\p A_vZn _Àdv "XwloZv' 7/149epw
" ‫" أ ِﻣﺮت أن أﻗﺎﺗِـﻞ اﺠـﺎس ﺣـ ﻓﻘﻮﻟـﻮا ﻻ ِإ ِإﻻ اﷲ‬ D²-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.)
(‫)رواه اﻛﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬
3) C_v\p A_vZn _Àdv ho−pw ]d-bp-¶p:
AÃm-lp-hns\ A´y-\m-fn ZÀin-¡p-tam-
P\-§Ä "emC-em-l-CÃÃmlv' {]Jym-]n- F¶v amen-Int\mSv tNmZn-¡-s¸-«p. At±lw
¡p-¶Xp hsc Ah-tcmSv bp²w sN¿m³ ]dªp: AsX, D¶-X\pw alm-\p-am-b
Rm³ IÂ]n-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.(-_p-Jm-co, A-Ãmlp ]d-bp-¶p:
apkvenw) At¸mÄ kz¯pw càhpw kwc-
£n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-sX´mtWm AXmWv Xulo- [23،22:‫]اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

Znsâ bmZmÀ°yw. (Nne apJ-§Ä At¶-Zn-hkw {]k-¶-X-bp-f-


(l-d-hn-bpsS Z½p Iemw t]Pv:210) f-Xm-bn-cn¡pw Ah-bpsS c£n-Xm-hn-te¡v
2) Zmdp-JpXz\n heo-Zp_v\p apkvenan t\m¡n-sIm-−n-cn-¡pw)(-Jn-bma: 22)
\n¶pw At±lw ]d-ª-Xmbn D²-cn-¡p-¶p. asämcp hn`m-Ks¯ Ipdn¨v AÃmlp ]d-bp-¶p:
Rm³ amen-In-t\mSpw, Yucn-tbm-Spw, Hukm
bntbmSpw, sseYv_n³ kA-Znt\m-Spw, AÃm-
lp-hnsâ hnti-j-W-§sf kw_-Ôn-¨p-ff [15:‫]اﳌﻄﻔﻔﲔ‬
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
lZo-kp-Isf Ipdn¨p tNmZn¨p. Ah h¶- ""AÃ; XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ At¶-Zn-hkw
Xpt]mse \S-¸m-¡pI F¶mWv Ah-scÃmw Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm-hn \n¶v ad-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-h-
]d-ª-Xv. (Zmdp-Jp-Xz-\n "A-kzn-^mXv' t]Pv:75- cm-Ip-¶p''. (ap-Xz-^v^n-^o³--:15)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 46 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 47

C_v\p \m^n-CÂ\n¶pw Aivlp-_nÂ


[143:‫]اﻷﻋﺮاف‬
\n¶pw Jmfn-Cbmfv XÀXo-_pÂa-Zm-cnIn ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

(2/42) D²-cn-¡p-¶p, AhÀ c−p-t]cpw HcmÄ ""Fsâ \mYm \ns¶ F\n-s¡m¶p ImWn-¨p-X-
]d-bp-¶Xv c−mat\-¡mÄ- A[n-I-am-bn- ¶mepw Rm³ \ns¶sbm¶v ImWt«.'' aqkm-
s¡m−v ]d-ªp: "AÃtbm A_q-A-_vZnÃm _n(-) Akw`hy-am-sbmcp Imcyw ChnsS tNm
Zn-¡p-I-bm-sW¶v \o hnNm-cn-¡p-¶p-thm?.
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

F¶n-«v A-Ãmlp ]d-ª-Xm-It«


[23،22:‫]اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬
[143:‫]اﻷﻋﺮاف‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

""Nne apJ-§Ä At¶-Zn-hkw {]k-¶-X-bp-f-


f-Xm-bn-cn¡pw Ah-bpsS c£n-Xm-hn-te¡v ""\o Fs¶ ImWp-I-bn-Ã.'' AXmbXv, \iz-c-`-
t\m¡n-sIm-−n-cn-¡pIbmIpw'' AÃm-lp-hn- h-\-amb Cu temI¯v sh¨v ImWp-I-bn-Ã
te¡v AhÀ t\m¡p-sa-¶mtWm?' At±lw F¶mWv Dt±-iw. \in¨p t]mIp¶ Hcp
]dªp: AsX, Ah-cpsS Cu c−p I®p- hkvXp-sIm−v imizXamb H¶ns\ ImWpI
IÄ sIm−p-X-s¶. At¸mÄ Rm³ At±-l- km[y-a-Ã. a\p-jy-scÃmw imiz-X-`-h-\-¯n-se-
t¯mSv ]d-ªp: Nne Bfp-IÄ ]d-bp-¶Xv ¯n-bmÂ, imiz-X-amb H¶p-sIm−v imiz-X-
AÃm-lp-hns\ ImWp-I-bnÃ, ChnsS "t\m¡n am-bn-«p-f-fXv AhÀ ImWpw. AÃmlp ]d-
\n¡pI" F¶-Xnsâ hnh£ "{]Xn-^ew bp¶p:
Im¯n-cn-¡pI" F¶mWv. At±lw ]dªp: [15:‫]اﳌﻄﻔﻔﲔ‬
AhÀ Iffw ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv. F¶m AÃm- ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

lp-hns\ ImWp-I-Xs¶ sN¿pw. aqkm ""AÃ; XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ At¶-Zn-hkw Ah-


cpsS c£n-Xm-hn \n¶v ad-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-h-cm-Ip-
\_n() ]d-bp-¶Xv \n§Ä tI«n«ntÃ? ¶p''. (ap-Xz-^v^n-^o³--þ15)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 48 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 49

4) A_q \psFw (-Xsâ lnÂb 6/325, 326) (kzm-_q-\n-bpsS "AJo-ZXp Êe^v Akvlm-
bn PAv-^-dp_v\p A_-vZp-ff ]d-bp-¶- _n lZo-Y'v -t]Pv:17, 18 epw, C_v\p
Xmbn D²-cn-¡p¶p: R§Ä amen-Ip_v\p A_vZn _Àdnsâ "XwloZv' 7/151 epw,
A\-knsâbSp-¯m-bn-cp-¶p.- A-t¸mÄ HcmÄ ss_l-Jn-bpsS "AkvamD--h-Ên-^mX'v t]Pv:
At±ls¯ kao-]n¨v tNmZn¨p: A_q 408 epw, C_v\p lPvdnsâ "lXvlnÂ' 13/406,
AÐpÃm, ]caImcp-WyI³ knwlm-k-\-¯n 407 epw CXp ImWmw)
 D]-hn-jvS-\m-bn-«p-−-tÃm,- F-§s\bmWv 5) blvb_v\p -d-_-o-Av ]d-ª-Xm-bn A_q
Ah³ D]-hn-jvS-\m-bXv? \psFw D²-cn-¡p-¶p: Rm³ amen-¡nsâ
At±-l-¯nsâ tNmZyw aptJ\ amen-In- kao]¯m-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ HcmÄ At±-l
\p-−mb tcmjw t]mse asämcp hnj-b-¯n s¯ kao-]n¨v C§s\ tNmZn-¨p. Hm A_q
epw C{Xb[nIw At±lw tcmjm-Ip-e-\m-bn- AÐnÃm, JpÀB³ krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-Xm-sW¶v
«n-Ã. At±lw \ne-t¯¡v t\m¡n hnbÀ ]d-bp¶ hyànsb kw_-Ôn¨v Xm¦-fpsS
s¯m-en-¡p-¶-Xphsc Xsâ I¿n-ep-−m-bn-cp A`n-{]m-b-sa-´mWv?
¶ hSn Nen-¸n-¨p-sIm-−n-cp-¶p. ]n¶oSv Xe At¸mÄ amen¡v ]dªp: Ch³ \nÀ
DbÀ¯n, B hSn Nen-¸n-¨p-sIm−v ]dªp: ½Xhm-Zn-bmWv Chs\ h[n-¨p-sIm-f-fp-hn³.
AsX-§s\ F¶Xv {Kmlym-Xo-X-am-Wv. At±lw ]dªp: A_q-A-ÐnÃm, Rm³
Ah³ D]-hn-jvS-\m-Ip-¶Xv AÚm-X-hp-a-Ã. tI«ncp¶ Hcp hmNIw D²-cn-¡pI am{X-
AXn hniz-kn-t¡-−Xv \nÀ_Ôam-Wv. amWv sNbvXXv. AXn\v At±lw ]dªp:
AXns\ tNmZyw sN¿p¶Xv \qX\ {]h-W-X- thsd Hcm-fnÂ\n¶pw Rm³ CXp tI«n«n-Ã.
bmWv. \o- Hcp ]p¯--m-\m-i-b-¡m-c\msW¶v \n¶nÂ\n¶p am{X-amWv tIÄ¡m³ CS-bm-
Rm³ Icp-Xp-¶p. A§s\ Abmsf ]pdw bXv. CsX{X Kuc-h-ap-ff Hcp hm¡mWv!
Xf-fm³ IÂ]\ \ÂIn. (lnÂb 6/325epw eme-ImC, idlp-D-kzqep

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 50 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 51

CAv-Xn-JmZn Alvepkp-¶¯n hÂPam-A 1) C_v\p hl_v ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn A_q-


1/249 epw JmfnC-bm-fv, XÀXo-_pÂa-Zm-cnIv \psFw D²-cn-¡p¶p: amen¡v Hcm-tfmSv
244epw D²-cn-¨n-«p-−v) tNmZn-¡p-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: C¶se \o
6) AÐp-Ãm-ln-_n³ \m^n-Av ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn Ft¶mSv JZvdns\ Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¨n-cp-¶ntÃ?
C_v\p AÐp _Àdv D²-cn-¡p¶p: AbmÄ ]dªp: AsX. amenIv ]dªp:
AÃmlp XBem ]d-bp¶p:
JpÀ-B³ krjvSn-bm-sW¶v ]d-bp-¶-
hs\ thZ-\n-¡p¶ {]lcw \ÂIp-Ibpw
]Ým-X-]n-¡p-¶Xp-hsc XS-hn-em-¡p-Ibpw ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

thW-sa¶v amenIv _n\pA\kv ]d-ªn-cn-


¡p¶p. (AÂ C³Xn-Jm-Av t]Pv:35) ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

[13:‫]اﻟﺴﺠﺪة‬
7) AÐp-Ãm-ln-_n³ \m^n-Av ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn
A_q-Zm-hqZv D²-cn-¡p¶p: amen¡v ]dªp: \mw Dt±-in-¨n-cp-s¶-¦n Hmtcm BÄ¡pw
Xsâ k·mÀKw \mw \ÂIp-am-bn-cp-¶p.
AÃmlp BIm-i¯mWv Ahsâ Adn F¶m Pn¶p-IÄ, a\p-jyÀ F¶o c−p
hm-Is« FÃm-bn-S-¯p-ap−v. (A-_q-Zm-hqZv, hn`m-K-s¯-s¡m−v Rm³ \cIw \nd-¡p-I-
akm-C-ep Camw AlvaZv t]Pv:263 epw Xs¶ sN¿pw F¶ Fsâ ]¡Â\n-¶p-ff
AÐp-Ãm-ln_v\p AlvaZv, AÊp¶ t]Pv:11 hm¡v Ønc-s¸«p Ignªn-cn-¡p-¶p. (k-
epw C_v\p AÐnÂ_Àdv, XuloZv 7/138epw PZ:13)
D²-cn-¡p-¶p)
At¸mÄ AÃmlp ]d-ª-sXt´m AXv
B) JZvdv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ. A\n-hm-cy-ambpw kw`-hn¡pw (lnÂb 6/326)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 52 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 53

2) JmfnC-bmfv ]d-bp¶p: "JZvcnbm-¡Ä' (hn- 1/87, 88 epw A_q-\p-sF-ansâ lnÂb 6/326


[n-hn-izm-ks¯ \ntj-[n-¡p-¶hÀ) Bcm epw D²-cn-¨-Xv)
sW¶v Camw amen-¡n-t\mSv tNmZn--¨-p. At± 4) C_v\p AÐnÂ_Àdv ]dªp: amenIv
lw ]dªp: Xn-·-Isf AÃmlp krjvSn-¨- ]d-bp-I-bp-−mbn: Akw-_-Ô-hm-Zn-Ifpw hm
XÃ F¶v ]d-bp-¶-h-cm-W-hÀ. JZvcnbm-¡sf bm-Sn-Ifpw AÂ]Xz-¡m-cp-am-bn-«-ÃmsX hn[n-
kw_-Ôn-¨p-Xs¶ tNmZn¡s¸«-t¸mÄ At± hn-izm-k-\n-tj-[n-Isf Rm³ I−n-«n-Ã.
lw ]d-bp-I-bp-−m-bn: Ign-hp-IÄ X§-fpsS (C³Xn-Jm-Av t]Pv:34)
A[o-\-X-bn-emWv, X§Ä Dt±-in-¡p-t¼mÄ
]pWyw sN¿pw, X§Ä Dt±-in-¡p-t¼mÄ 5) aÀhm³_v\p apl-½Zv XzmXzcn ]d-ª-
Ipähpw sN¿pw F¶ hmZ-¡m-cm-W-hÀ. Xmbn C_v\p A_o Bkznw D²-cn-¡p¶p:
(XÀXo-_p aZm-cnIv 2/48, iÀlp-D-kzqep hn[n-hn-izm-ks¯ \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-h\v
CAv-Xn-JmZn Alvenkp-¶¯n hÂPam-A hnhmlw Ign¨v sImSp-¡p-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v
amen-In-t\mSv tNmZn-¨Xv Rm³ tI«p.
2/701 epw t\m¡p-I) At±lw At¸mÄ Cu hN\w HmXn-s¡m-Sp-
3) kCuZv_v\p AÐn PºmÀ ]d-bp-¶- ¯p:
Xmbn C_v\p A_o Bkznw D²-cn-¡p¶p: [221:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

amenIv_v\p A\kv JZvcnbm-¡sf XoÀ¨-bmbpw kXy-hn-izm-kn-bmb Hc-Sn-


Ipdn¨v C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: Ah- a-bmWv apivcnIn-s\-¡mÄ D¯-a-am-bXv.
tcmSv ]Ým-X-]n-¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-SWw, A (_Jd:221) (AÊp¶ 1/88epw, lnÂb
§s\ AhÀ ]Ým-X-]n-¨m-em-bn. CsÃ-¦n 6/326epw t\m¡p-I)
Ahsc h[n-¡Ww F¶mWv Fsâ ho£Ww.
(C-_v\p-A_o Bkzn-ansâ AÊp-¶-bn 6) Jmfn-C-bmfv ]dªp: amenIv ]dªp:
hn[n-hn-izm-k-\n-tj[w {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-hsâ

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 54 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 55

bpw Jhm-cn-Pn-sâbpw dm^n-fn-bptSbpw km amenIp_v\p A\kv XpS-§n-b-hÀ C§s\


£yw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-Ã. (XÀXo-_p aZm-cn-Iv ]d-bp¶p: kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-¶m hm¡pw
2/47) {]hÀ¯nbpw IqSn-bXmWv. AXv IqSp-Ibpw
Jmfn-C-bmfv ho−pw ]dªp: R§Ä Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿pw. (A C³Xn-Jm-Av
hn[n-hn-izm-k-\n-tj-[n-I-tfmSv kwkm-cn-¡p-¶- t]Pv:34)
XnÂ\n¶pw hn«p-\nÂt¡−Xpt−m F¶v 2) AÐp-Ãm-ln-_n\p \m^n-Av ]d-ª-Xmbn
amen-In-t\mSv tNmZn-¨p: At±lw ]dªp: A_q-\psFw D²-cn-¡p¶p: kXy-hn-izm-k-sa-
AsX, Adn-ªp-sIm-−p-X-s¶-bmWv AbmÄ ¶Xv hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpw IqSn-bm-sW¶v
AXn \ne-sIm-f-fp-¶-sX¦nÂ. Camw amenIv ]d-bm-dp-−m-bn-cp-¶p.
asämcp dnt¸mÀ«n At±lw ]d-ªn-«p- (lnÂb 6/327)
f-fXv: Ah-cpsS ]n¶n \a-kvI-cn-¡m-h-XÃ, 3) Aivlp_v _v\p AÐp Akokv ]d-
Ah-cnÂ\n¶pw lZo-kp-IÄ kzoI-cn-¡m\pw ª-Xmbn C_v\p AÐnÂ_Àdv ho−pw D²-
]mSnÃ. AXnÀ¯n-I-fn \n§-f-hsc Is−- cn-¡p¶p: amenIv ]dªp: A§s\ 16 amk-
¯p-I-bm-sW¦n Ahsc ]pdw-X-f-fp-Ibpw ¡meambn P\-§Ä ss_XpÂap-J-±-kn-te¡v
sN¿Ww.(XÀXo-_p aZm-cnIv 2/47) Xncnªv \a-kvI-cn-¨p-sIm-−n-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-
¶p. ]n¶oSv akvPn-Zp ldm-an-te¡v Xncn-
C) Cuam-³: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ. bm³ Ah-tcmSv IÂ]n-¨p-sIm−v AÃmlp
1) AÐpÂ-dkmJv _n³ l½mw ]d-bp-¶- ]dªp:
Xmbn C_v\p AÐnÂ_Àdv D²-cn-¡p¶p:
C_v\p PpssdPv, kp^vbm³ Yucn, aAvaÀ [143:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

_n³ dmjnZv, kp^vbm³_v\p Dssbbv\,

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 56 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 57

\n§-fpsS hnizm-ks¯ (AXm-bXv


ss_Xp apJ-±-kn-te¡pff \n§-fpsS \a- ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

kvIm-cs¯) AÃmlp ]mgm-¡n-¡-f-bp-¶-h-\-


Ã. (_-Jd:143) ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

amenIv ]d-bp¶p: \a-kvImcw kXy-hn-izm-k- [10:‫]اﳊﺸﺮ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

¯n s]«-Xà F¶ apÀPn-B-¡-fpsS


hmZs¯ Rm³ ChnsS HmÀ½n-¸n¡s«. Ah-cpsS tijw h¶-hÀ¡pw, AhÀ
(A C³Xn-Jm-Av t]Pv:34) ]dbpw R§-fpsS c£n-Xmth, R§Ä¡pw
kXy-hn-izm-k-t¯msS R§Ä¡v ap¼v Ign-
D) kzlm-_-¯v: At±l-¯nsâ ho£-Ww. ªp-t]m-bn-«p-ff R§-fpsS ktlm-Z-c-§Ä
¡pw \o s]mdp-¯p-X-tc-Wta kXy-hn-izmkw
1) AÐp-Ãm-ln A¼cn ]d-ª-Xmbn A_q- kzoI-cn-¨-h-tcmSv R§-fpsS a\-Êp-I-fn \o
\psFw D²-cn-¡p¶p: amenIp_v\p A\kv Hcp hntZz-jhpw D−m-¡-cp-tX. R§-fpsS
]dªp: GsXm-cmÄ dkq-ep-Ãm-ln(-)-bpsS c£n-Xmth, XoÀ¨bmbpw \o Gsd ZbbpÅ
A\p-N-c-cn Hcmsfsb¦nepw A[n-t£-]n- h\pw IcpWm\n[nbpamIp¶p. (livÀ:10)
¡p-Itbm, AsÃ-¦n Xsâ lrZ-b-¯n (lnÂb 6/327)
Ah-tcmSv hntZzjw sh¨v]peÀ¯p-Itbm
BsW¦n apkvenwIÄ¡p-ff bp²mÀPnX 2) kpss_-dnsâ a¡-fn HcmfnÂ\n¶pw
kz¯n (ss^CÂ) AbmÄ¡v Hcp Ah- (AÐp-Ãm-ln_n\p \m^n-Av, ankv-A_v_n³
Im-ihpw hIsh¨v sImSp-¡-cpXv. ]n¶oSv AÐn-Ãm-ln-_n³ ankv-A_v F¶n-hÀ amen-
At±lw AÃm-lp-hnsâ Cu hN\w ]mcm- Insâ injy-·m-cm-bn-cp-¶p.) A_q \psFw
bWw sNbvXp. Xs¶ D²-cn-¡p¶p:

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 58 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 59

R§Ä amen-Insâ kZ-Ênem-bn-cp-¶- \n\¡v ImWmw. kpPq-Znsâ ^e-ambn Ah-


t¸mÄ {]hm-N-Isâ kzlm-_-¯ns\ A]-l- cpsS AS-bmfw Ah-cpsS apJ-§-fn-ep-−v.
kn-¨p-sIm−v kwkm-cn-¡p¶ Hcp hyànsb AXmWvv Xudm-¯n Ah-cpsS D]-a. "C©o-
Ipdn¨v kqNn-¸n-¡-s¸-«p. en'Â Ah-cpsS D]a -C-§s\bmWv: Hcp
hnf-t]mse; AXp AXnsâ Iq¼v ]pd-s¸-Sp-
DSs\ amenIv Cu Bb¯v HmXn: hn-¨p, F¶n«Xns\ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp¯n. F¶n
«Xv Icp¯mÀPn¨p. A-§s\ AXv IÀj-IÀ
¡v IuXpIw tXm¶n¨psIm−v AXnsâ
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
ImÞ¯nt·Â \nhÀ¶p\n¶p. (kXyhn-
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
izm-kn-I-sf C-§s\ hfÀ¯n-s¡m-−p-h-cp
¶-Xv) AhÀaqew kXy\ntj[nI-sf A-cn-iw
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
]nSn-¸n¡p-hm³ th−n-bm-Ip-¶p...(^Xvlv:29)
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
XpSÀ¶p sIm−v amenIv ]dªp: Bcp
‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬
sS-sb-¦nepw lrZ-b-¯n {]hmN-I³()
[29:‫]اﻟﻔﺘﺢ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

bpsS A\p-N-c-cn Hcm-tfmSv hntZzjw


apl-½Zv AÃm-lp-hnsâ dkq-em-Ip-¶p. D−mbn¯oÀ¶n«p-s−-¦n Ah\v Cu
At±-l-¯nsâ IqsS-bp-f-f-h-cm-I-s«, kXy\n Bb¯v _m[-I-am-bn-¯ocpw. (lnÂb,6/327)
tj[nItfmSv IÀ¡iambn hÀ¯n¡p¶ 3) Aivlp_v _n³ A-Ðp Akokv ]d-
hcmIp¶p. AhÀ At\ym\yw Zbm-ep-¡-fpam- ª-Xmbn Jmfn-Cbmfv D²-cn-¡p¶p: R§Ä
Wv. AÃm-lp-hnÂ\n-¶p-ff A\p-{K-lhpw amen-Insâ IqsS-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Ae-hn-bm-¡-
{]oXnbpw tXSn-s¡m-−v AhÀ Ip-¼n«pw, fnÂ\n-¶p-ff HcmÄ At±-l-¯nsâ ASp¯p
kmjvSmwKw sNbvXpw \a-kvImcn-¡p-¶Xmbn

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 60 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 61

h¶p. AhÀ km[m-cW At±-l-¯nsâ kZ- Ae-hn-¿-¡m-c³ : C\n Hcn-¡epw Rm³


Ên hcm-dp−v. BK-X³ hnfn¨p: Hm A-_q- Xm¦-fpsS IqsS-bn-cn-¡p-I-bn-Ã.
A-Ðp-Ãm, DSs\ Abm-fn-te¡v amenIv Xe-bp- amenIv : Xm¦Ä¡-Xn-\p-ff kzmX-{´y-ap−v.
bÀ¯n t\m-¡n. Bsc-¦nepw At±-ls¯ (XÀXo-_p aZmcnIv, 2/44, 45--)
hnfn-¡p-I-bm-sW¦n Xe -D-bÀ¯nt\m-¡p-
¶-Xn IqSp-X-sem¶pw {]Xn-I-cn-¡m-dn-Ã. E)  hN\imkv{X-hpw aXIe-lhpw
Ae-hn-¿-¡m-c³ At¸mÄ ]dªp: F\n
¡pw AÃm-lp-hn\pw CS-bn Xm¦sf Hcp
At±lw hntcm-[n-¡p-¶p.
km£nbm-¡m³ Rm³ Dt±-in-¡p-¶p. Rm³ 1) ankv-A_v_n³ AÐnÃm kpss_cn ]d-
AhsâbSp¯p sNÃp-Ibpw Ft¶m-S-h³ ª-Xmbn C_v\p AÐn _Àdv D²-cn-
tNmZn-¡p-IbpamsW-¦n Rm³ ]dbpw ¡p¶p:
amen-ImWv Ft¶mSv CXp ]d-ªXv F¶v.
At±lw Abm-tfmSv: \o tNmZn-t¨mfq F¶v amen-Iv_n³ A\kv ]d-bp-am-bn-cp¶p:
aX¯nep−mb NÀ¨-Isf Rm³ shdp-¡p-
]d-ªp.- A-bmÄ tNmZn¨p: dkqÂ()¡p ¶p. R§-fpsS \m«n-ep-−m-bn-cp-¶-h-scÃmw
tijw P\-§-fn Gähpw t{ijvS³ Bcv? AXns\ shdp-¡p-Ibpw hntcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw
amenIv ]dªp: A_q-_-¡-À. sNbvXp-sIm-−n-cp-¶-Xm-Wv. Plvansâ ho£-
Ae-hn-¿-¡m-c³ : ]ns¶ Bcv? W-§-fnepw hn[n-hn-izmk\ntj-[-¯n-ep-ap-ff
amenIv : DaÀ NÀ¨-Ifpw AXn\p kam-\-amb FÃm NÀ¨-
Ae-hn-¿-¡m-c³ : ]ns¶ Bcv? Ifpw AXn\v DZm-l-c-W-§-fm-Wv.- F-¶mÂ
amenIv : A{I-a-I-c-ambn h[n-¡-s¸« Jeo-^-m Fs´-¦n-ep-samcp IÀaw DÄsIm-f-fp¶ hnj-
Dkvam-³. b-¯n-ep-ff kwkmcw am{Xta t{]mÕm-ln-
¸n¡mhq. AÃm-lp-hnsâ aXs¯ kw_-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 62 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 63

Ôn¨pff NÀ¨-Ifnepw AÃm-lp-hns\ kw_- hm-Zn-bm-bn-¯o-cpw, A]-cn-Nn-X-amb lZo-kp-


Ôn¨pff NÀ¨-Ifnepw au\ahew_n-¡p-¶- IÄ tXSp-¶-h³ Iffw ]d-bpw... (Z-½pÂ
XmWv F\n¡v Gähpw CjvS-ap-f-fXv, Imc Iemw. ]pdw:173 F)
Ww Hcp IÀahpw DÄs¡m-f-fm¯ aXs¯ 4) Ckv-lm-Jp_n³ Cukm ]d-ª-Xmbn
kw_-Ôn¨ NÀ¨-Isf Fsâ \m«p-ImÀ JXo_v D²-cn-¡p¶p: aX-Imcy§fn XÀ¡n-
hntcm-[n-¡p-¶-XmWv Rm³ I−n-«p-f-f-Xv. (Pm ¡p-¶-Xns\ amenIv_v\p A\kv Bt£-]n-
an-D_-bm-\n CÂan h^-fven-ln,- t]Pv:415) ¡p-¶Xv Rm³ tI«n«p−v. At±lw ]d-ªn-
2) AÐnÃm-ln-_n³ \m^n-Av ]d-ª-Xmbn cp¶p: HcmÄ asäm-cm-sf-¡mÄ hmIvkm-aÀ
A_q-\psFw D²-cn-¡p¶p: amenIv ]d-bp- °yw ImWn¨v \½psSbSp¯v hcp-t¼mÄ,
¶Xv Rm³ tI«n«p−v: Pn_vcoÂ(-) \_n(-)¡v F¯n-¨p-sIm-Sp
GsXm-cmfpw AÃm-lp-hn ]¦p-tNÀ ¯Xv \mw Xf-fn-¡-f-b-W-sa-¶mWv bZmÀ°
¡msX (inÀ¡p-sN¿msX) a-säÃm h³ ]m]- ¯nÂ- AbmÄ Dt±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. (i-dlp
§fpw sNbv-Xn-cp-¶mepw, AbmÄ Cu X¶n- Akzvvlm-_n lZo-kv -t]Pv:5)
jvS-§sfbpw A\m-Nm-c-§sfbpw (Nne Im 5) AÐp-dlvam³_n³ alvZn ]d-ª-Xmbn
cy-§sf At±lw FSp¯p ]d-bp-Ibpw ldhn ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: Hcn-¡Â Rm³
sNbvXp) AI¶p \n¡pI-bmsW-¦n amen-Ins\ kµÀin-¨-t¸mÄ At±-l-¯nsâ
kzÀK-¯n {]th-in-¨-Xp-X-s¶. (-lnÂb bSp-¡Â HcmÄ tNmZy-§Ä tNmZn-¨p- \nÂ-
6/325) ¡p-¶p-−m-bn-cp-¶p. Abm-tfmSv ]d-ªXv: \o
3) Ckv-lm-Jv_n³ Cukm ]d-ª-Xmbn Awdv_n³ Dss_Znsâ Iq«m-fn-I-fn s]«-h-
ldhn D²-cn-¡p-¶p. amenIv ]dªp: hN\ \m-sW¶v Rm³ Icp-Xp-¶p. Awdv _n³
imkv{X-¯n-eqsS Bsc-¦nepw aXs¯ A Dss_Zns\ AÃmlp i]n-¡-s«, At±-l-
t\z-jn-¡p-I-bm-sW¦n Ah³ aX\nÀ½X amWv Cu hN\imkv{X-sa¶ \qX-\m-ibw

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 64 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 65

]S-¨p-−m-¡n-b-Xv. Cu hN\imkv{X-w hnÚm-\- lw Ah-tcmSv ]d-ªn-cp¶p: Rm³ Fsâ


am-bn-cp-s¶-¦n kzlm-_¯pw Xm_n-D-Ifpw c£n-Xm-hn-¦Â \n¶p-ap-ff hyà-amb sXfn
aX\nb-a-§-fnepw hn[n-I-fnepw NÀ¨-I-Ä \S- hnepw Fsâ aX¯nep-amWv \ne-sIm-f-fp-
¯n-b-t]mse AXnepw NÀ¨ \S-¯p-am-bn-cp- ¶Xv. \obm-Is« Hcp ktµ-l-hm-Zn-bp-amWv.
¶p. (Z-½pÂIemw ]pdw:173 _n) AXn-\m Hcp ktµ-l-hm-Zn-bpsS ASp¯v
6) Aivlp_p C_v\p A_vZn Akokv t]mbn hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä \S-¯nsIm-ffp-I.
]d-ª-Xmbn ldhn ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: (-lnÂb 6/324)
amenIv ]d-ª-Xmbn Rm³ tI«p: \n§Ä 8) apl-½-Zv_n³ AlvaZv_n³ Jpsshkv
\qX-\m-ib§sf kq£n-¡p-I. At±-l-t¯m a³ZmZv ankvcn-am-enIn F¶ hyàn Xsâ
Sv tNmZn-¡-s¸«p: Hm A_q-A-ÐpÃm F´mWv AÂJn-em^v F¶ {KÙ-¯nse "Iqen-¡p-
\qX-\m-ib§Ä? At±lw ]dªp:AÃm-lp \ÂIÂ' F¶ ioÀj-I-¯n ]d-ª-Xmbn
-hnsâ \ma-§-fnepw hnti-j-W-§-fnepw C_v\p AÐn _Àdv D²-cn-¡p¶p: amenIv
Ahsâ hN\¯nepw Adn-hnepw Ign-hnepw ]dªp: X¶n-jvS-¡m-cp-sSbpw \qX-\m-i-b-
NÀ¨-IÄ \S-¯p-Ibpw, F¶m kzmlm-_n- ¡m-cp-sSbpw tPymXn-j-¡m-cp-sSbpw {KÙ-
amcpw Ahsc icn-bm-wh®w ]n´p-SÀ¶ §ÄþIptd {KÙ-§sf At±lw FSp¯p
]n³Km-an-Ifpw au\w Zo£n¨ Imcy-§-fn ]dªpþ H¶pw Xs¶ hmS-I-¡p-\ÂIÂ
au\-a-h-ew-_n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶-h- A\p-h-Z-\o-b-ambX-Ã. At±lw XpSÀ¶p
cmWv \qX-\mi-b-¡mÀ. (Z-½pÂIemw ]pdw ]dªp: R§-fpsS ]£-¡m-cpsS ho£-W-
173 -F) ¯n X¶n-jvS-¡m-cp-tSbpw ]p¯³hmZn-I-
7) im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn A_q\psFw D²- fp-sSbpw {KÙ-§-fm-bn-«p-f-fXv apAvXkn-en-
cn-¡p¶p: X¶n-jvS-¡m-cmb NneÀ amen-Iv Ifpw aäp-amb hN\imkv{X-¡m-cpsS {KÙ-
_n\p A\-knsâbSp¯v hcpt¼mÄ At± §-fm-Wv. Ah-bn-seÃmw hmS-I-C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 66 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 67

\S-¯p-¶Xv Akm-[p-hm-Wv. (Pm-an-Av _bm-


\p CÂan h^-fven-ln, t]Pv:416, 417)
Xulo-Zv,- kz-lm-_-¯v, Cuam³,
CÂapÂIemw (hN\imkv{X-w) XpS-§n-bp-
ff hnj-b-§-fn Camw amen-Insâ kao-]-\-
§-fn-te¡pw hm¡p-I-fn-te-¡p-ap-ff Hcp A²ymbw: \mev
F¯n-t\m«w am{X-amWv ChnsS \S-¯n-bn-«p-
f-f-Xv. Camw im^n-Cu-bpsS
hnizm-kw

A) Xulo-Zv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ.


1) d_o-A: C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-ª-
Xmbn ss_lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu
Camw ]dªp: GsXm-cmfpw AÃm-lp-hns\
sImt−m AsÃ-¦n Ahsâ \ma-§-fnÂ\n-
¶p-ap-ff Hcp \maw sImt−m kXyw sN¿p
Ibpw ]n¶o-SXv ewLn-¡p-I-bp-am-sW¦nÂ
{]mb-Ýn¯w sNt¿−Xv Ah\v \nÀ_Ô
am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. F¶m HcmÄ AÃmlp Hgn-
sI-bpff GsXmcp hkvXp-sIm−pw kXyw

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 68 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 69

sNbvXmepw DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v IAv-_m-ebw «p-−v.) (-a-\m-Jn_p im^nCu 1/405)


Xs¶ kXyw, Fsâ ]nXm-hmWv kXyw, ta ]d-ª-Xn-\p-ff ImcWw im^nCu
Fsâ Bbp-jvImew Xs¶-kXyw..... asä- C§s\ hyà-am-¡p-¶p. AÃm-lp-hnsâ \m
s´m-¶p-sIm−v kXyw sNbvXmepw, AXv a-§-sfm¶pw krjvS-nbÃ. AXn-\m AÃm-
ewLn-¡p¶ ]£w {]mbÝn¯w sN¿Â lp-hnsâ GXp t]cnepw kXyw sNbvX
Ahsâ ta \nÀ_Ôan-Ã. AÃmlp HgnsI tijw AXv ewLn¨m {]mb-Ýn¯w
GsXm-¶p-sIm−pw i]Yw sN¿p¶Xv shdp- \nÀ_ÔamWv. (C_v\p A_o-lmXnw, BZm-
¡-s¸-tS−Xpw {]hm-N-I³(-)-bpsS hN\ _p-im-^n-Cubn t]Pv:193, -A-_q-\psFw
§fn-eqsS hntcm-[n-¡-s¸-«n-«p-f-f-Xp-amWv. A lnÂb-bn 9/112, 113 ss_l-Jn-bpsS kp\-
hn-Sp¶v Acpfn: \p Ip_vdm 10/28 Akvam-DhÊn-^mXv
َ َ ْ ََ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ َّ t]Pv:255, 256 epw ImWp-I.)
‫ ﻓﻤـﻦ ﺎﻛن‬،‫ِإن اﷲ ﻋﺰ وﺟﻞ ﻏﻬﺎﻛﻢ أن ﺤﺗ ِﻠﻔﻮا ﺑِﺂﺑـﺎﺋِﻜﻢ‬
ْ ُ ْ َ َْ ْ ْ َْ َ ً َ 2) Camw im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn "CPvXn-am-
(‫ﷲ أو ِﻟﻴﺴﻜﺖ ) رواه اﻛﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ ِ ‫ﺣﺎ ِﻟﻔﺎ ﻓﻠﻴﺤ ِﻠﻒ ﺑِﺎ‬ D Ppbq-ip Ckvem-an¿' F¶ {KÙ-
¯n t]Pv : 165  C_v\p J¿nw D²-cn-
\n§-fpsS ]nXm-¡-·msc sIm−v i]Yw ¡p¶p: Rm³ \ne-sIm-f-fp-¶Xpw, Rm³
sN¿p¶Xv alm-\mb AÃmlp hntcm-[n-¨n-cn- ImWpIbpw hnÚm\w Ic-Ø-am-¡pIbpw
¡p-¶p. AXn-\m Bsc-¦nepw kXyw sNbvXncp¶ Camw amenIv, kp^vbm³ XpS-
sN¿pIbm-sW¦n AÃm-lp-hns\ sIm−v §n-bp-f-f Alvep lZo-kp-Imcmb Fsâ
kXyw sN¿s«. AsÃ-¦n \ni-Ð-\m-bn-cn- kplr-¯p-¡sfÃmw \ne-sIm-f-fp-¶-Xmbn Rm
¡s«. (_p-Jmcn: i]-Y-§fpw t\À¨-Ifpw ³ I−Xp-amb kp¶-¯ns\ kw_-Ôn¨p
F¶ A²ym-b-¯nepw, apkvenw: i]-Y-§Ä ]d-bp-I-bmsW¦nÂ, AXv AÃm-lp-h-ÃmsX
F¶ A²ym-b-¯nepw Cu lZokv D²-cn-¨n-
Bcm-[-\-¡Àl-\n-söpw, apl-½Zv \_n()

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 70 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 71

AÃm-lp-hnsâ ZqX-\m-sW¶pw, AÃmlp Ôn¨ Hcp hnjbw Fsâ a\-Ên ]ndp-]n-dp-


BImi¯v Xsâ knwlm-k-\-¯n-t·-em-sW ¯p-sIm-−n-cn-¡p-¶p. Xm¦-sf -t]mse Úm
¶pw, Xm³ Dt±-in-¡p¶hn[w Xsâ Zmk-·m- \w asäm-cmÄ¡p-an-söv Rm³ a\-Ên-em-¡n-
tcmSv ASp-¯p-h-cp-sa¶pw, AÃmlp XBem bn-«p−v AXp-sIm−v CXp kw_-Ô-ambn
Gähpw Xmsg-bp-ff BImi-t¯¡v Ah³ Xm¦Ä F´mWv ]d-bpI F¶-dnbWw. A
Dt±-in-¡p¶ hn[w Cd-§p-¶-h-\m-sW¶pw t¸mÄ tIm]n-jvS-\mbn At±lw ]dªp: \o
km£yw hln¨v AwKocn-¡-em-Wv. (CYv- FhnsSbmsW¶v \n\-¡-dn-bptam?
_mXv kzn^m-Xp Dep-Æv, t]Pv:124, aPvaq- Rm³ ]dªp: AsX.
DÂ^Xmhm 4/181, 183 Zl_n-bpsS Dep-Æv
t]Pv:120, AÂ_m\n kw{K-ln-¨Xv t]Pv:176) At±lw ]dªp: ^nÀ-Hu\ns\ AÃmlp
ap¡n-s¡m¶ Øe-am-WnXv. Xm¦-fpsS B
3) Zl_n Xsâ "knbdp AAvemap-¶p-_- hnj-b-¯n tNmZy-ap-¶-bn-¡p-hm³ Xncp-Zq
em-Av' F¶ {KÙ-¯n (10/31 Â) apkv\n
]d-ª-Xmbn D²-cn-¡p¶p: X-cp-sS() hà I¸-\bpw D-−m-bn«pt−m?
Rm³ ]dªp: Xulo-Zns\ kw_-Ôn- Rm³ ]dªp: CÃ.
¨p-ff hnj-b-¯n Fsâ lrZ-b-¯n-ep-f- At±lw ]dªp: {]hm-N-Isâ kzlm-_n-
fXpw Fsâ a\-Ên ]än-¸n-Sn-¨n-«p-f-f-Xp-amb amÀ Cu hnj-b-¯n NÀ¨ \S-¯n-bn-
Hcp Imcyw ]pd-s¯-Sp-¡m³ Bsc-¦n-ep-ap- «pt−m?
s−-¦n AXv im^nCu am{X-amWv. Bb-Xn- Rm³ ]dªp: CÃ
\m Rm³ At±-l-¯nsâ ASp-t¯¡v
t]mbn. At±lw CuPn-]vXnse ]f-fn-bn-em-bn- At±lw tNmZn¨p: BImi¯v F{X \£-{X-
cp-¶p. Rm³ At±-l-¯nsâ ap¼n t]mbn §-fps−¶v \n\¡v Adn-bptam?
Ccp¶v C§s\ ]dªp: Xulo-Zns\ kw_- Rm³ ]dªp: CÃ.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 72 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 73

At±lw tNmZn¨p: AXnsâ Hcp-\-£-{X-¯n °-¯n B hn-j-b-¯n \o AÃm-lp-


sâsb¦nepw hÀK-tam, DZ-b-tam, AkvXa-b- hnsâ Cu hN\§fn-te¡v aS§pI:
tam, F´nÂ\n¶pw krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-Xm-sW
t¶m \n\-¡-dn-bmtam? ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

Rm³ ]dªp: CÃ.


At±lw ]dªp: \nsâ \á-t\{Xw sIm−v ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

\o ImWp¶ krjvSn{]]-©¯nse Hcp


Imcys¯ kw_-Ôn-¨p-Xs¶ \n\-¡-dn-bnà ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

F¶n-cns¡, AXnsâ krjvSm-hnsâ


Úm\s¯ Ipdn-¨mtWm \o kwhm-Zn-¡p- ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

¶Xv: ]n¶oSv At±lw hpfp-hns\ kw_-Ôn-


¨p-ff Hcp hnjbw Ft¶mSv tNmZn-¨p. ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

AXnepw F\n¡v sXäp-IÄ kw`-hn-¡p-I-bp-


−m-bn. At±lw ho−pw AXns\ \mep cq]- [164،163:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬

¯n thÀ]n-cn-¨p. F¶n«pw AXn-sem-¶n-ep- ""\n§fpsS Bcm[y³ GIssZhw am{Xam


sa-\n¡v icn-bp-¯-c-ap-−m-bn-Ã. Ip¶p. Ah\ÃmsX bmsXmcp- Bcm[y\pan-
At¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: Hcp Znh-k-¯n Ã. Ah³ ]caImcpWyI\pw IcpWm\n[n
A©v XhWbpw \n\-¡m-h-iy-amb hnj-b- bpas{X. BImi-`q-an-I-fpsS krjvSn-¸nepw
s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-ff Úm\w \o hÀÖn-¡p¶p. cm]-I-ep-I-fpsS amä-¯nepw, a\p-jyÀ¡p-]-
F¶n-cn-s¡, krjvSm-hnsâ Úm\s¯ sNm Im-c-ap-ff hkv-Xp-¡-fp-ambn IS-en-eqsS k©-
Ãn \o hnj-an-¡p-Ibpw, AXv \nsâ lrZ-b- cn-¡p¶ I¸-ep-I-fnepw, BImi¯p-\n¶v
¯n ]ndp-]n-dp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. bYmÀ AÃmlp ag sNmcn-ªp-X-¶n«v \nÀÖo-hm-h-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 74 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 75

Øbv¡p tijw `qan¡v AXp-ap-tJ\ asäm-¶m-sWt¶m hÃh\pw ]d-bp-¶Xv


Poh³ \ÂIn-b-Xnepw, `qan-bn FÃm Xcw tI«m AbmÄ aX\nÀ½XhmZn-bmsW¶v
P´p hÀK§tfbpw hym]n-¸n-¨-Xn-epw, Imäp- \o km£yw hln-¨p-sIm-f-fpI. (C³Xn-Jm-Av
I-fpsS KXn-{I-a-¯n-epw, BIm-i-`q-an-IÄ¡n-S- t]Pv:79,aPvaq-DÂ^-Xmhm 6/187)
bn-eqsS \nb-{´n¨v \S-¡-s¸-Sp¶ taL- 5) im^nCu Xsâ "Acvcn-kme' F¶
¯nepw Nn´n-¡p¶ P\-§Ä¡v ]e ZrjvSm- {KÙ-¯n (t]Pv:7,8Â)]-d-bp¶p: ""AÃm-lp-
´-§-fp-ap-−v.'' (_J-d:163, 164) hn-¶mWv kÀÆ-kvXpXnbpw..... Ah³ kz´
ChnsS krjvSn-I-fn-eqsS krjvSm-hns\ s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¨-t]-se-X-s¶-bp-f-f-h-\m-Wv.
a\-Ên-em-¡p-I-bm-Wv. \nsâ _p²n-¡-Xo-X- Ahsâ krjvSn-IÄ Ahs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-
amb Imcys¯ kw-_-Ôn¨v \o hnj-an- ¶-Xn-s\Ãmw D]-cn-bm-bp-f-f-h-\p-am-Wv.''
t¡− Imcy-an-Ã. 6) Zl_n Xsâ "knbdpA-Av-emav' F¶
4) bq\p-kv C_n\p AÐn AAv-em-bn {KÙ-¯nÂ(20/341) im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn
\n¶pw (-A-t±-l-s¯-Ip-dn¨v lm^nfv C_v\p D²-cn-¡p¶p: ""JpÀ-B³ sIm−p-h-¶n-«p-f-f
lPÀ ]dªp: ]¯mw t{iWn-bnse sNdp-¸- Xpw kp¶-¯n D²-cn-¡-s¸-«n-«p-f-f-Xp-amb
¡m-cnse hniz-Ø-\mb hyàn lnPvd 246 Â Cu hnti-j-W-§sfsbÃmw \mw Øm]n-¡p-
arXn-b-S-ªp. XJvco_p¯lvZo_v 2/385, iZ- ¶p. Ah-t\mSv D]-an-¡p-¶-Xns\ \mw \ntj-
dmXp-Z-l_v 2/149, C_v\p lnZm-b-Xp-Ã-bpsS [n-¡p-¶p. Ah³ Xs¶ kz´-¯n\v AXv
Xz-_-Jm-Xp-Èm-^n-C¿ t]Pv: 28 F¶nh \ntj-[n-¨n-«p-f-f-Xm-Wv.'' AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
ImWp-I) C_v\p AÐn _Àdv D²-cn-
¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: im^nCu ]d-bp-
¶Xv Rm³ tI«n«p−v: \mahpw \ma-I-cWw [11:‫]اﻟﺸﻮرى‬
sN¿s¸«Xpw thsd-bm-sWt¶m Hcp hkvXp

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 76 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 77

""Ah\p XpÃy-ambn bmsXm-¶p-an-Ã. Ah³ apl-½Zv_v\p CZvcokp-Èm-^n-bpsS ASp¯v


FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶-h\pw FÃmw ImWp-¶-h-\p- k¶n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-¶p. At±-l-¯n\v At¸m
am-Wv'' (-iqdm:11) Ä CuPn-]vXnÂ\n¶pw Hcp Xps−gp¯v
7) d_oA C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-ªXmbn h¶p AXn C§s\ D−m-bn-cp¶p:
C_v\pAÐn _Àdv D²-cn-¡p¶p: AÃmlp
]d-bp¶p: [15:‫]اﳌﻄﻔﻔﲔ‬

[15:‫]اﳌﻄﻔﻔﲔ‬
AÃ; XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ At¶-Zn-
hkw Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm-hn \n¶v ad-¡-s¸-
""AÃ; XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ At¶-Zn-hkw Sp-¶-h-cm-Ip-¶p. (ap-Xz-^v^n-^o³--þ15) F¶
Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm-hn \n¶v ad-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-h- hN\s¯¡pdn¨v Xm¦Ä- F´v ]d-bp¶p:
cm-Ip-¶p.'' (ap-Xz-^v^n-^o³--þ15) im^nCu ]dªp: tIm]w Imc-W-am-bn-«mWv
{]kvXpX hN\s¯ kw_-Ôn¨v Camw Cu hn`mKw ad-¡-s¸-«Xv F¶Xv sXfn-bn-¡p-
im^nCu ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«n«p−v: ¶Xv kwXr-]vXn-bn AhÀ¡-hs\ ImWm-
sa-¶mWv.
ad-¡-s¸-Sm¯ Hcp hn`mKw Bfp-I-fp-ap-s−-
¶mWv Cu hN\¯neqsS AÃmlp \s½ d_oA ]d-bp¶p: Rm³ ]dªp: Hm
Adn-bn¡p-¶Xv. AhÀ Ah-\n-te¡v t\m¡n- A_q AÐnÃm CXmtWm \n§Ä ]d-bp-
s¡m-−n-cn¡pw Ah-s\ -ImWp¶Xn ¶Xv.
AhÀ¡v bmsXmcp XS-Ê-hp-ap−mIp-¶-X-Ã. At±lw ]dªp: AsX CXmWv F\n¡v
(-C³Xn-Jm-Av t]Pv:79) AÃmlphn-te-¡p-ff aXw. (i-dlv Dkzqep
8) dp_oA C_v\p kpsse-am³ Xs¶ ]d- CAv-Xn-JmZn Alvepkp-¶-¯n -hÂP-amA:
ªXmbn eme-Imbn D²-cn-¡p¶p: Rm³ 2/506)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 78 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 79

9) C_v\p AÐn _Àdv, Pmdq-Zn-bn AbmtfmSv FÃm hnjb¯nepw FXncmWv.


\n¶pw D²-cn-¡p-¶p. "‫ "ﻻ إﻟ ﻪ اﻻ اﷲ‬F¶ hN\¯n t]mepw
(aqkm-_n³ A_n Pmdq-Znsb Bbn-cn¡mw AbmÄ ]d-bp-¶Xv t]mse-bà Rm³ ]d-bp-
ChnsS Dt±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. Ct±-ls¯ Ipdn¨v ¶-Xv. Rm³ ]d-bp-¶-Xv: aqkm()tbmSv ad-
\hhn ]d-bp-¶p. im^n-Cu-bn \n¶pw ]Tn- ¡v ]n¶n \n¶v t\cn«v kwkmcn¨h\mb
¡p-Ibpw D²-cn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX injy-K-W- AÃmlphÃmsX asäcmcm[y\pansömWv.
§-fn-sem-cm-fmW-bmÄ. C_v\p ln_-Xp-Ãm- Ah³ ]d-bp-¶-Xv ad-¡p ]n¶nÂ\n¶v aqkm
]d-bp¶p: At±lw a¡-bn im^nCu sb tIĸn¨ hN\s¯ krjvSn¨ AÃmlp
aZvl-_-\p-k-cn¨v aX-hn[n \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p. hÃmsX asäcmcm[y\panÃm F¶mWv. (C³
acW-Xo-¿Xn Adn-bn-Ã. (-X-lvZo_p Akvam- Xn-Jm-Av: t]Pv:79, ss_l-Jn-bpsS im^n-Cu-
C-hÃpKmX:v 2/120) C_v\p lnZm-b-¯p-Ãm- bpsS al-Xz-§Â F¶-Xn \n¶v lm^nfpw
bpsS Xz_-Jm-¯p im^nCu t]Pv:29) Cu kw-`hw D²-cn-¨n-«p−v. enkm-\pÂ
At±lw ]dªp: C_vdm-low C_v\p aokm³ 1/35 ImWp-I)
Ckvam-Cu C_v\p Aen-b(Cu a\p-jys\ 10) im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn d_oA C_v\p
Ipdn¨v Zl_n ]d-bp¶p: CbmÄ \in-¨-h- kpsse-am\n \n¶pw eme-Imbn D²-cn-¡p
\mb Plvan¿-¡m-c-\m-Wv. hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä ¶p: hnip-²-JpÀ-B³ krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-XmsW
\S-¯n-bn-cp-¶p. JpÀ-B³ krjvSn-bm-sW¶v ¶v ]d-bp-¶-h³ XoÀ¨-bmbpw Ahn-izm-kn-
hmZn-¨n-cp¶p lnPvd : 218 Â arXn-b-S-ªp bm-Wv. (i-dlp Dkzqen CAv-Xn-JmZn Alvep
(aokm-\p CAv-Xn-ZmÂ1/20, enkm-\p kp-¶-¯n-hÂP-amA: 1/252)
aokm³ 1/34, 35) F¶ hyànsb Ipdn¨v
im^n-Cu-bpsS ap¼n ]cmaÀin-¡p-I-bp- 11) A_q-ap-l-½-Zn kpss_cn ]d-ª-Xmbn
−mbn. At¸mÄ im^nCu ]dªp: Rm³ ss_lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: Hcp a\p-jy³

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 80 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 81

im^n-Cu-tbmSv ]dªp: JpÀ-B-\ns\ Ipdn


¨v F\n¡p hnh-cn¨p Xcq, AXv krjvSm-
hmtWm? im^nCu ]dªp: AÃm-lpth,
Hcn-¡-ep-a-Ã. [6:‫]اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬
At±lw XpSÀ¶p: F¦n ]ns¶ AXv _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izm-kn-I-fn hÃ-h\pw \nsâ
krjvSn-btÃ? im^nCu ]dªp: AÃmlp bSp-¡Â A`bw tXSn-h-¶m AÃm-lp-
th, AÃ. hnsâ hN\w Ah\v tI«v {Kln-¡m³
At±lw ]dªp: At¸mÄ krjvSn-b-sà th−n Ah\v A`bw \ÂIp-I (-Xu_:6).
¶mtWm? im^nCu ]dªp: AÃm-lpth,
AsX. [164:‫]اﻟﻨﺴﺎء‬
At±lw ]dªp: AXv krjvSn-bÃm F¶p- aqkm-tbmSv AÃmlp t\cn«v kwkm-cn-¡p-I-
f-f-Xn\v F´mWv sXfnhv? At¸mÄ im^n bp-−mbn(\n-km-Av: 164)
Cu Xe-bp-bÀ¯nsIm−v C§s\ tNmZn¨p: im^nCu ]dªp: AÃmlp D−m-bn-cp-
JpÀ-B³ AÃm-lp-hnsâ hN\amsW¶v \o ¶-Xm-sW¶pw Ahsâ hN\hpw D−m-bn-cp-
AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶pt−m? At±lw ]dªp: ¶-Xm-sW¶pw \o AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶p-t−m,- A-
AsX. im^nCu ]dªp: Cu hm¡n-eqsS X-Ã- A-Ãmlp D−m-bn-cp-¶p Ahsâ hN\w
\o]cm-P-b-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. alm-\mb AÃmlp D −m-bn-cp-¶nà F¶mtWm?
]dªp:
At¸mÄ B a\p-jy³ ]dªp: A§-
s\-b-Ã, AÃmlp D−m-bn-cp¶p. Ahsâ
hN\hpw D−m-bn-cp-¶p. At¸mÄ im^nCu
]p©n-cn-¨p-sIm−v C§s\ ]dªp: AÃ

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 82 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 83

tbm Iq^-¡m-tc, \n§Ä AXn-`-b-¦-c-amb §fpw hnti-j-W-§fpw AÃm-lphn-\p−v.


hÀ¯ am\-amWv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. FÃm- D¶-X\pw {]Xm-]n-bp-amb AÃm-lp-hnsâ
änsâbpw BZy-¯n AÃm-lphpw Ahsâ krjv-Sn-Ifn HcmÄ¡pw Xs¶, Abm-fpsS
hN\hpw D−m-bn-cp¶p F¶v \n§Ä k½- ]¡Â JpÀ-B³ Ah-X-cn--¨-Xn-eq-sSbpw {]
Xn-¡-sh, hN\w Xs¶-bmWv AÃmlp hm-N-Isâ Xncp-samgn \oXn-am-\mb dnt¸mÀ «
Ft¶m AÃmlp Hgn-sI-bpf-f-Xm-sWt¶m, dneqsS Ønc-s¸«v In«n-b-Xn-eq-sSbpw sXfn
AÃmlp AÃm-¯-Xm-sWt¶m, AÃm-lp-hn\v hv hyà-am-bn-cn-s¡, -A-Xn\v FXnsc \ne-
Xmsg-bp-f-f-Xm-sWt¶m \n§Ä¡v FhnsS sIm-f-fm³ ]mSp-f-f-X-Ã.- C\n sXfnhv Ønc-
\n¶mWv In«p-¶Xv? DSs\ B a\p-jy³ au s¸«p In«n-b-Xn\p tijhpw AXn\v FXn-cm-
\-nbmbn Øew hn«p. (a\m-Jn_p im^nCu : hp-I-bm-sW¦n At¸mÄ AbmÄ alm-
1/407, 408) \mb AÃm-lp-hn Ahn-iz-kn-¨-h³ Xs¶
12) A_q-Xzm-en-_p AÈm-cnbpsS dnt¸m bm-Wv. F¶m sXfnhv AbmÄ¡v {]mam-Wn-
À«neqsS Camw im^n-Cu-bn-te¡v tNÀ¡ I-ambn Ønc-s¸-«p-In-«p-¶-Xn\p ap¼v AÚ-
s¸«- hn-izm-kImcy§-fpsS `mK¯n (Pq- X-bpsS ASn-Øm-\-¯n Hgnhv Ignhv \Â
kp-DÂ CAv-Xn-Jm-ZnÂ) C§s\ {]m-kvXmhn- tI-−-Xp-am-Wv. ImcWw CXp-kw-_-Ô-amb
¡p¶p: Úm\w Hcn-¡epw _p²n-sImt−m Nn´-
sImt−m a\\w sNbvsX-Sp-¡mhp¶-X-Ã.
AÃm-lp-hnsâ hnti-j-W-§sf Ipdn AÃmlp XBem hnh-cn-¨p-X-cp¶ Imcy-§Ä
¨pw Ahs\ kw_-Ôn¨v hniz-kn-t¡−Xv CXn\p DZm-l-c-W-§-fmWv. Ah-bn NneXv
Fs´¶pw At±-l-t¯mSv tNmZn-¡-s¸-«-t¸m ImWp-I: A-Ãmlp FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶-h-\m-
Ä C§s\ adp-]Sn ]dªp: AÃm-lp-hnsâ sW¶pw Ah¶v Ccp Ic-§-fp-s−¶pw
{KÙw sIm−p-h-¶Xpw Ahsâ {]hm-N-I³ Ah³ ]d-bp¶p:
(-)- Xsâ kap-Zm-b-¯n\v X¶-Xp-amb \ma-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 84 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 85

َُ ََ َ َّ َ َّ َ ُّ
َّ ‫ﻳﻀﻊ‬ َ َ َ َّ ‫َﺣ‬
[64:‫]اﳌﺎﺋﺪة‬ (‫اﻟﺮب ﻋﺰ َوﺟﻞ ِﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺪﻣﻪ )رواه اﻛﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬
F¶m Ahsâ Ccp Ic-§fpw \nhÀ¯- c£n-Xmhv Xsâ ]mZw AXn (\c-I-Xo-
s¸-«-h-bm-Ip¶p. (-am-CZ:64) ¿nÂ) sh¡p-¶Xv hsc, (-_p-Jmcn 8/594,
Ah¶v he-Xp-I-¿p-−¶pw Ah³ ]d-bp-¶p: apkveow 4/2187)
Xsâ Zmk-t\mSv AÃmlp Nncn-¡p-¶p.
[67:‫]اﻟﺰﻣﺮ‬ AÃm-lp-hnsâ amÀK-¯n h[n-¡-s¸-«-bm
BIm-i-§Ä Ahsâ he-Xp-I-¿n Npcp-«n-¸n-Sn- sf Ipdn¨v {]hm-N-I³(-)-]-d-bp-¶p:
َ ُ َ ْ َ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ
(‫اﷲ ﻋ َّﺰ َوﺟﻞ َوﻫ َﻮ ﻳﻀﺤﻚ ِإ ْ ِﻪ )رواه اﻛﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ َِ‫ﻟ‬
¡-s¸-«-h-bp-am-bn-cn¡pw (kpaÀ:67)
‫ﻲﻘ‬
Ah¶v apJas-−¶v Ah³ ]d-bp-¶p:
AbmÄ AÃm-lp-hns\ I−p-ap-«p-t¼mÄ
[88:‫]اﻟﻘﺼﺺ‬ AbmtfmSv Nncn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cn¡pw. (-_p-Jmcn
6/39, apkvenw 4/2248)
Ahsâ Xncp-apJw HgnsI FÃm hkvXp-
¡fpw \mi-a-S-bp-¶-Xm-Wv. (-J-kzkv:88) AÃmlp FÃm cm{Xnbpw Gähpw Xmsg-
bp-ff BIm-i-t¯¡v Cd-§p-sa¶v {]hm-N-
[27:‫]اﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬ I³(-) ]d-ªn-«p−v. ZÖm-ens\ Ipdn¨v
]cm-aÀin-¡sh AÃmlp Hä-¡-®-\-söv
al-Xzhpw DZm-c-X-bp-ap-ff \nsâ c£n-Xm-hnsâ
apJw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. (dlvam³:27) \_n(-)- hn-i-Z-am¡n:
َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َّ َ َّ َ ُ َ ْ َ ُ َّ
  (‫ِإﻧﻪ أﻋﻮر وإن رﺑﻜﻢ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑِﺄﻋﻮر )رواه اﻛﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬
D¶-X\pw alm-\p-amb Ah\v ]mZ-ap ِ
s−¶v {]hm-N-I-h-N-\-¯n-ep−v: ZÖm Hä-¡-®-\mWv \n§-fpsS c£n-Xmhv

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 86 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 87

Hä-¡-®-\-Ã. (-_p-Jmcn 13/91, apkvenw 4/2248) AbmÄ¡v hs¶-¯p-¶Xv hsc Ahn-izm-kn-


XoÀ¨-bmbpw kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ alm- bm-¡m-hp-¶-Xpa-Ã. C\n AXp-kw_-Ôambn
\m-b- A-h-cpsS c£n-Xm-hns\ ]qÀ®N{µ-\n- hà tcJbpw t\cn«ptI«p t_m[y-s¸-Sp¶
em-hn N{µs\ ZÀin-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse A´y- hn[w hs¶-¯n-bm AXnsâ bmYmÀ°y
\m-fn Ah-cpsS ZrjvSnIÄ-sIm−v ZÀin- s¯ kÀÆm-ß\m kzoI-cn-t¡-−Xv t{imXm-
hn sâ \nÀ_Ô_m-[y-X-bmWv. Xm³
¡p-sa¶v \_n() ]d-ªn-«p-−v. Ah\v hnc- AÃmlp-hnsâ ZqX-\n \n¶pw t\cn«v
ep--s−¶pw {]hm-N-I³(-) Acp-fn-bn-«p−v. ImWp-Ibpw tIÄ¡pIbpw sNbvX-t]mse
َّ
‫ـﺰ َو َﺟـﻞ‬ َّ ‫ﻦﻴ إ ْﺻﺒَ َﻌ ْﻦﻴ ِﻣ ْﻦ أَ َﺻﺎﺑﻊ‬
َ ْ ‫اﻟﺮ‬
َّ ‫ﻤﺣﻦ َﻋ‬ َّ
َ ْ ‫ﻻ ُﻫ َﻮ َﻧ‬ ‫إ‬
َْ ْ َ
ِ ٍ ‫ﻣﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻗﻠ‬
‫ﺐ‬ AXn\v km £yw hln-¡p-Ibpw thWw.
ِ ِِ ِ ِ F¶mÂ, \mw Cu hnti-j-W-§-sf-sbÃmw
(‫)رواه أﻤﺣﺪ واﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺔ واﺤﻟﺎﻛﻢ‬ Ønco-I-cn-¡p-¶p. AXns\ kmZr-iy-s¸-Sp-
¯p-¶-Xns\ \ntj-[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p.
GsXmcp lrZ-bhpw D¶-X\pw {]Xm-]n- AÃmlp kzbw Xs¶ AXp \ntj-[n-¨p-
bp-amb ]c-aImcp-WyIsâ hnc-ep-I-fnse sIm−v C§s\ ]d-ªn-«p-−tÃm:
c−p hnc-ep-IÄ¡n-S-bn-e-ÃmsX CÃ Xs¶
(AlvaZv, C_v\p amP,- lmInw, C_v\p aµ
F¶n-hÀ D²-cn-¨-Xv)
alm\pw {]Xm-]n-bp-amb AÃmlp [11:‫]اﻟﺸﻮرى‬
kz´-s¯-Xs¶ hnti-jn-¸n-¨n-«p-f-fXpw Ah
sâ Xncp-Zq-XÀ(-)- A-hs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¨n-«p-f- Ah\p XpÃy-ambn bmsXm-¶p-an-Ã. Ah³
f-Xp-amb Cu Bi-b-§-fp-s-SsbÃmw bmYmÀ FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶-h\pw FÃmw ImWp-¶-h-
°yw _p²nt¡m Nn´t¡m tKmNc-a-Ã. AXv \p-am-Wv (-iqdm:11)
Adn-bm¯ Hcp hyànsb hyà-amb tcJ (C{Xbpw Rm³ D²-cn-¨Xv tlmf-−nse

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 88 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 89

ٌ ْ ٌ َ ْ ُْ َ
‫ﻲﻘ َو ِﻣﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺳ ِﻌﻴﺪ‬
ِ ‫ﻓ ِﻤﻨﻬﻢ ﺷ‬
teU³ bqWn-th-gvkn-än-bnse sk³{SÂ
sse{_-dn-bn kq£n-¡-s¸-«n-«p-ff Ppkp-DÂ
‫ﻨﻬﻢ َﺣ َﺴ ُﻦ‬ ٌ َ ْ
ْ ‫ﻴﺢ َوﻣ‬
CAv-Xn-Jm-Znsâ HÀPn-\Â Is¿-gp¯v {]Xn- ِ ٌ ‫َو ِﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻗ ِﺒ‬
bpsS t^mt«m-Ìmäv ]IÀ¸nÂ\n¶mWv.)
\o Dt±-in-¨-sXt´m AXp-−m-Ip-¶p, Rm³
Dt±-in-¨n-sænepw icn. Rm³ CÑn-¡p-¶Xv
B) JZvdv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ \o Dt±-in-¡p-¶n-sæn D−m-Ip-¶X-Ã.
1)d_oAv C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-ª-Xmbn \nsâ Úm\-¯n-\\p-krXw Zmksc \o kr
ss_-lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^n-Cu-tbmSv jvSn-¨p. bphmhpw hr²\pw \nsâ Úm\-
JZvdns\ Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¨-t¸mÄ At±lw ]d- ¯n\p hnt[-b-ambn \o§p-¶p.
ª-p:
ْ ََ َْ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ CbmÄ¡p \o \· sNbvXp Abmsf \o
‫ﻣﺎ ِﺷﺌﺖ ﺎﻛن َوإن ﻟﻢ أﺷﺄ‬ Is¿m-gn¨p, Chs\ klm-bn-¨p. A]cs\
ُ َ َْ ْ ََ َْ ْ ُ ْ ََ
klm-bn-¨n-Ã, A§s\ Ah-cn ZuÀ`mKy
ْ‫ﻜﻦ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ ِﺷﺌﺖ ِإن ﻟﻢ ﺗﺸﺄ ﻟﻢ ﻳ‬ hm\pw ku`m-Ky-hm\pw kpµc\pw hncq]\p
َ‫ﺒﻟ َﻣﺎ َﻋﻠ ْﻤﺖ‬ ََ َ َ ْ ُ َْ َ saÃmap−m-bn. (a-\m-Jn-_p- im-^nCu1/412,413,
ِ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﺖ اﻟ ِﻌﺒﺎد‬ iÀlp Dkqen CAv-Xn-JmZn lvenkp¶:2/702)
ّ‫ﻓَﻲﻔ اﻟْﻌﻠْﻢ َﺠﻳْﺮي اﻟْ َﻔ َ َواﻟ ْ ُﻤﺴﻦ‬
ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ
2) "a-\m-Jn-_p-im-^nCu'bn ss_lJn D²-

َ‫ﻫﺬا َﺧ َﺬﻟْﺖ‬ َ َ َ ََْ َ ََ cn-¡p¶p: Camw im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: ASn-bm-


‫ﺒﻟ ذا ﻣﻨﻨﺖ و‬ dp-I-fpsS CO AÃmlp XB-em-bpsS `mK
َ ْ‫َو َﻫ َﺬا أَ َﻗﻨ‬
ْ‫ﺖ َوذا َ ﻟ َ ْﻢ ﺗُﻌﻦ‬ ¯p\n-¶mWv. temI- c£n-Xm-hmb AÃmlp
ِ Dt±-in¨meÃmsX AhÀ Dt±-in-¡p-¶n-Ã. Im
cWw P\-§-fà Ah-cpsS {]hÀ¯\§sf

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 90 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 91

krjvSn-¨Xv t\sc-a-dn¨v ASn-a-I-fpsS {]hÀ ""Cu kap-Zm-b-¯nse aPq-kn-IÄ (Aán-bm-


¯\§Ä AÃm-lp-hnsâ krjvSn-bpsS `mK- cm-[-IÀ)-''F¶v \_n(-)-hn-ti-jn-¸n-¨- (A_q
amb-Xp-sI−mWv. hn[n \·bmbmepw Xn·- -Zm-hqZv 5/66, lmIn-ansâ apkvX-Zm-d-In 1/85
bm-bmepw alm-\mb AÃm-lp-hnÂ\n-¶p-f-f- epw D²-cn-¨-Xv) JZvcnbm-¡Ä (J-Zvdns\
Xm-Wv. J_Àin£ kXy-am-b-XmWv. J_-dm- \ntj-[n-¡n-¶-hÀ) -]-d-bp-¶p: ""]m]-§Ä
fn-Isf tNmZyw sN¿psa-¶p-f-fXpw kXy- D−m-bn-¯o-cp-¶Xv hsc AÃmlp AXv Adn-
amWv. ]p\ÀP·w kXy-amWv. hnNm-c-W bp-¶n-Ã-''. (a-\m-Jn-_p-im-^nCu 1/413)
kXy-amWv. kzÀKhpw \c-Ihpw bZmÀ°y-
5) d_oAv C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-ª-Xmbn
amWv. CXn\pw ]pdsa \_n-Ncy ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶
asä-Ãm-Im-cy-§-fpw hmkvX-h-amWvv. (a-\m-Jn- ss_-lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: JZvcn¿nsâ ]pd-
_p-im-^nCu1/415) In XpSÀ¶p \a-kvI-cn-¡p-¶Xv im^nCu
shdp¸v {]I-Sn-¸-n¨n-cp-¶p. (a-\m-Jn-_p-im-
3) apkv\n ]d-ª-Xmbn eme-Imbn D²-cn- ^nCu 1/413)
¡p¶p: im^nCu ]dªp: JZvcn¿nsâ
(JZvdns\ \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-hsâ)- bmYmÀ°yw C) Cuam-\ns\ kw_-Ôn¨ At±-l-
Fs´¶v \n§Ä¡-dn-bmtam? Hcp hkvXp-hn- ¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ
t\bpw AXv {]hÀ¯n-]-Y-¯n D−m-bn- 1) d_o-C \n¶pw C_v\p AÐn _Àdv
¯o-cp-¶Xv hsc AÃmlp krjvSn-¡p-¶nà D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: im^nCu
F¶v ]d-bp-¶-h-\m-Wv AbmÄ. (idlp ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn Rm³ tI«n«n−v: Cuam³
DkqenCAv-Xn-JmZn Alven kp¶¯n h F¶Xv hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpw lrZbw
PamA:2/701) sIm−p-ff hnizm-khpw IqSn-bm-Wv. \n§Ä
4) im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn ss_lJn D²- AÃm-lp-hnsâ Cu hN\w I−ntÃ?
cn-¡p¶p:

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 92 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 93

IÀ½hpw kzoIm-cy-am-Ip-¶n-Ãtbm AXm-Wv.


[143:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ AbmÄ tNmZn¨p: AsX-´mWv? At±lw
A-Ãmlp Hcn-¡epw \n§-fpsS hnizm- ]dªp: AÃm-lp-hn hniz-kn-¡pI, Ah-\-
ks¯ AXm-bXv ss_Xp apJ-±-Ên-te¡v ÃmsX Bcm-[-\-¡Àl-\n-Ã. CXmWv IÀ½-§-
Xncnªv \a-kvIcn¨-Xns\ ]mgm-¡p-¶-h-\à fn Gähpw D¶-X -]-Z-hn-bp-f-fXpw, Gähpw
(_-Jd: 143) t{ijvS-I-c-am-bXpw, `mKt[b¯n Gähpw
tim`n-¡p-¶Xpw. B a\p-jy³ ho−pw
ChnsS hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpw lrZ-b- tNmZn¨p: hnizm-ks¯ (-Cu-am-\n-s\) Ipdn¨v
¯nsâ Icp¯pw DÄs¸« \a-kvIm-c-¯n- AXv hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpw IqSn-bmtWm
\mWv Cuam³ F¶v AÃmlp t]cn-«n-cn-¡p- AtXm {]hÀ¯\w IqSmsX hm¡p am{X-
¶-Xv. (-C³Xn-Jm-Av, t]Pv:81) amtWm Fs¶m¶v hnh-cn¨v Xcmtam?
2) dp_¿nAv_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-ª- im^nCu ]dªp: Cuam-s\-¶Xv AÃm-lp-
Xmbn ss_-lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu ]d- hn\v th−n-bp-ff {]hÀ¯\am-Wv. B
bp-¶-Xmbn Rm³ tI«p: kXy-hn-izm-k-sa- {]hÀ¯\¯nsâ Hcp `mK-amWv hm¡v. B
¶Xv hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbp-am-Wv. AXv IqSp- a\p-jy³ ho−pw ]dªp: AsX-\n¡v a\-
Ibpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. (a-\m-Jn-_p-im- Ên-em-t¡-−-Xn-\mbn H¶v hni-Z-am-¡n-bmepw.
^nCu 1/387)
im^nCu ]dªp: XoÀ¨-bm-bpw, Cuam-\n\v
3) A_papl-½Zv kpss_cn ]d-ª-Xmbn ]e Ah-Ø-Ifpw ]Z-hn-Ifpw t{iWn-I-fp-ap-
ss_l-Jn- D-²-c-¡p¶p: Hcp a\p-jy³ im^n- −v. ]cn-]qÀ®XbpsS ]mc-½y-¯n-se-¯n-
Cu-tbmSv tNmZn-¨p: AÃm-lp-hn-¦Â Gähpw bXpw hyà-amb \yq\-X-bp-ff A]qÀ®
t{ijvS-I-c-amb IÀ½w GXmWv? im^nCu ambXpw anIhv IqSnb anI-hp-äXpw AXv
]dªp: GsXmcp Imcyw IqSmsX Hcp DÄsIm-f-fp-¶p−v.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 94 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 95

B a\p-jy³ ]dªp: Cuam³ ]qÀ¯nbm- Ah³ t\m¡n-¡m-Wp¶ c−p I®p-Ifpw


ImsX AXn Gä-¡p-dn-¨n D−m-Ip- tIÄ¡m\p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ c−p sNhn-Ifpw
sat¶m? ]nSn-¡p¶ c−p-ssI-Ifpw \S-¡p¶ c−p
im^nCu ]dªp: AsX, Imep-Ifpw Bk-àn-bp-−m-¡p¶ssewKn-Im-
h-b-hhpw kwkm-cn-¡p¶ \mhpw Xsâ apJ-
AbmÄ ]dªp: AXn-s\-´mWv tcJ? ap-ff inc-Êp-saÃmw AXn DÄs¸-Sp-¶p.
im^nCu ]dªp: XoÀ¨-bmbpw almkvXp \mhn\v \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-b-Xà lrZ-b-¯n\v
XyÀl-\mb AÃmlp BZw k´-Xn-I-fpsS \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. -I-®p-IÄ¡v \nÀ
Ah-b-h-§-fn-sems¡ Cuam-\ns\ \nÀ_Ô _Ôam-¡n-b-XÃ ImXp-IÄ¡v \nÀ_Ôam-
ambn I¸n-¡p-Ibpw AXns\ Ah-bnse ¡-s¸-«n«p-ffXv. Imep-IÄ¡v \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-
Ãmw hn`-Pn-¡p-Ibpw hoXn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn- b-Xà ssIIÄ¡v \nÀ_Ôam-¡s¸«ncn¡p
cn-¡p-I-bmWv. AXn-\m Xs¶ ico-cm-h-b-h- ¶Xv. apJ-¯n\v \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-b-Xà Kplym-
§-fnse H¶v G¸n-¡-s¸-«n-«p-ff Cuam-\n-I- h-b-h-¯n\v \nÀ_Ôam-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv.
`m-K-¯nÂ\n¶pw hyXy-Ø-ambXm-Wv asäm
cp Ah-bhw AÃm-lp-hnsâ \nÀ_Ôt¯m F¶m Cuam-\n \n¶pw AÃmlp
sS G¸n-¡-s¸-«n-«p-f-f-Xv. A§s\bpff lrZ-b-¯nsâ ta \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv
Ah-b-h-§-fn H¶mWv lrZbw, AXp- AÃm-lp-h-ÃmsX Bcm-[-\-¡Àl-\n-söpw,
aptJ\ a\p-jy³ Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw {Kln-¡p- Ah³ GI\pw bmsXmcp ]¦pIm-c-\n-Ãm-¯-
Ibpw DÄsIm-f-fp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. Ahsâ h-\m-sW¶pw, Ah³ kl-[À½n-Wn-tbtbm
ico-c-¯nsâ \mb-I-\m-WXv. AXnsâ k´m-\-t¯tbm kzoI-cn-¨n-«n-söpw, apl½Zv
\nÀt±itam I¸-\tbm IqSmsX ico-cm-h- () -A-hsâ Zmk\pw ZqX-\p-am-sW¶pw k
b-h-§Ä HcSn apt¶m-t«m, ]nt¶mt«m ½-Xn-¡p-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw Dd-¸n-¡p-Ibpw
sh¡p-¶-X-Ã. Xr]vXn-s¸-Sp-Ibpw kaÀ¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 96 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 97

F¶-Xm-Wv. AÃm-lp-hnÂ\n¶pw h¶n-«p-ff


FÃm {]hm-N-I·mscbpw {KÙ-§sfbpw
AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pI. CsX-Ãm-amWv [41:‫]اﳌﺎﺋﺪة‬
AÃmlp lrZ-b-¯n-t·Â \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-
«p-f-f-Xv. AXmWv AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\hpw. AhÀ a\-Ên hnizm-kw IS-¡msX
"R§Ä hniz-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p' F¶v hmb-
AÃmlp ]d-ªp: sIm−v ]d-bp-¶-h-cm-Wv (-am-CZ:41)

[284:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬
[106:‫]اﻟﻨﺤﻞ‬ \n§-fpsS a\-Êp-I-fn-ep-f-fXv \n§Ä
Xm¦-fpsS lrZbw hnizm-k-¯n kam-[m\w shfn-s¸-Sp-¯n-bmepw ad-¨psh-¨mepw AXn
]q−Xm-bn-cns¡ \nÀ_Ôam-¡-s¸-«-h-c-Ã,- sâ t]cn \n§-tfmSv IW¡v tNmZn-¡p-I-
{]-Xyp-X,- Xp-d¶ a\-tÊmsS Ahn-izmkw Xs¶ sN¿pw. (_J-d-: 284)
kzoI-cn-¨-h-cmtcm Ah-cpsS ta AÃm-lp- CXmWv AÃmlp lrZ-b-¯n-\p-taÂ
hn-¦Â\n¶p-ff tIm]-ap-−m-bn-cn¡pw `bm-\- \nÀ_Ôam-¡nb Cuam³, AXmWv AXnsâ
I-amb in£ AhÀ¡p-−v. (\lvÂ:106) {]hÀ¯\w. AXpX-s¶-bmWv Cuam-\nsâ
incÊpw.
[28:‫]اﻟﺮﻋﺪ‬
lrZ-b-¯n AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw Dd-¸n-
]d-bpI AÃm-lp-hns\ ]än-bp-ff HmÀ½ ¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-«pf-fXv ]d-bp-Ibpw {]kv
sIm−s{X a\-Êp-IÄ im´-am-bn-¯o-cp- Xm-hn-¡p-I-bp-amWv \mhnsâ ta AÃmlp
¶Xv(dAZv:28)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 98 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 99

\nÀ_Ôam-¡n-b-Xv. AXns\ kw_-Ôn¨v


Ah³ C§s\ ]d-bp¶p:

[136:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬
(R-§Ä AÃm-lp-hn hniz-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p x140W‫א‬z
F¶v \n§Ä ]d-bp-hn³) (_Jd:136) AÃm-lp-hnsâ hN\§Ä \ntj-[n-¡-
ho−pw Ah³ ]d-ªp: s¸-Sp-¶Xpw ]cn-l-kn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶Xpw \n§Ä
tI«m A¯-c-¡mÀ aäp hà hÀ¯am\
[83:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ ¯nepw {]th-in-¡p-¶Xv hsc \n-§Ä Ah-
tcm-sSm¸w Ccn-¡-cp-sX¶pw, A§s\ Ccn-
""\n§Ä P\-§-tfmSv \ÃXv ]d-bp-hn³'' (_- ¡p¶ ]£w \n§fpw Ahsct¸mse Xs¶
Jd:83) CXmWv AÃmlp \mhnsâta \nÀ Bbn-cn-¡p-sa¶pw Cu {KÙ-¯n AÃmlp
_Ôam-¡n-b-Xv. AXm-bXv lrZ-b-¯n-ep-f-fXv \n§Ä¡v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-X-¶n-«p-−-tÃm.
{]kvXm-hn-¡p-Ibpw ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿pI (\nkm-Av:140)
F¶-Xv. AXmWv AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\hpw
Cuam-\nÂ\n¶pw AXnsâ ta \nÀ_Ôam- ]n¶oSv ad-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ kµÀ`s¯ A
bn-«p-f-fXpw AXp-Xs¶. ImXnsâ ta Xn \n¶pw Hgn-hm¡p-I-bp-−m-bn. AÃmlp
AÃmlp \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-b-Xv, AÃmlp \njn- ]dbp¶p:
²-am¡n-bXv tIÄ¡p¶-XnÂ\n¶pw AI¶p
\n¡Wsa¶pw Ah³ hntcm-[n¨ Imcy-§-
fnÂ\n¶pw hn«p-\n¡Wsa-¶p-am-Wv.
 x68W‫א‬z

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 100 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 101

""C\n hÃt¸mgpw \ns¶ ]nimNv ad-¸n¨pIf- X§-fpsS \a-kv¡m-c-¯n `àn-bp-f-f-hcpw


bp¶ ]£w HmÀ½h¶-Xn\p tijw A{I-an- A\m-h-iy-Im-cy-¯n \n¶v Xncn-ªp-I-f-bp-
I-fmb B Bfp-I-fpsS IqsS \o Ccn-¡-cp- ¶-hcpw kIm¯v \nÀÆ-ln¡p-¶-h-cp-amb
Xv.'' (A³Bw:68) hnizm-kn-IÄ hnPbw {]m]n-¨ncn¡p-¶p.
(apAv-an-\q³ 1 -4)

 x18،17W‫א‬z
[55:‫]اﻟﻘﺼﺺ‬
AXn-\mÂ, Fsâ Zmk-·mÀ¡v \o kt´m-j-
hmÀ¯ Adobn-¡p-I. AXm-bXv hm¡v {i²n- hyÀ°-amb hm¡p-IÄ AhÀ tI«m AXnÂ
¨vtIÄ¡p-Ibpw AXn Gähpw \ÃXv \n-¶-hÀ Xncn-ªp-I-fbpw (J-kzkv:55)
]n³]-äp-Ibpw sN¿p¶-hÀ¡v, A¡q-«À¡m-
Ip¶p AÃmlp amÀK-ZÀi\w \ÂInbn-«p-f-fXv. [72:‫]اﻟﻔﺮﻗﺎن‬
AhÀ Xs¶bmIp¶p _p²n-am-·mÀ
(kpaÀ:17, 18) A\m-h-iy-hr-¯n-IÄ \S-¡p-t¶-S-¯p- IqSn
t]mIp-I-bm-sW¦n am\y-·m-cm-bn-s¡m-−m
Wv AhÀ IS-¶p-t]m-IpI (^pÀJm³:72)
C{]-Imcw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-Ãm-¯Xv tIÄ¡p
¶-Xn \n¶pw AI¶p \n¡pI F¶-Xm
Wv AÃm-lp-X-Bem {ih-tW{´nb-¯n-\p-ta
[4-1:‫]اﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮن‬ Â \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. AXmWv AXn
sâ tPmenbpw AXv Cuam-\nsâ `mK--am-Wv.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 102 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 103

AÃmlp hntcm-[n-¨ Imcy§Ä ZÀin- Xv. ZrjvSn-IÄ Xmgv¯pI F¶ B Imcy-


¡p-¶-Xn \n¶pw ZrjvSn-Isf Xmgv¯Wsa- amWv c−p-I-®p-I-fpsS-bpw ta AÃmlp
¶m-Wv c−p I®p-I-fp-sSbpw ta Ah³ \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. AXmWv AXnsâ
\nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. CXns\ Ipdn¨v {]hÀ¯\w AXv Cuam-\nsâ `mK-hpam-Wv.
AÃmlp C§s\ {]kvXm-hn-¡p¶p: lrZ-b-¯n-sâbpw ImXnsâbpw I®n-sâbpw
ta \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-f-Xns\ kw_-
Ôn¨v Htc Bb-¯nÂXs¶ hnh-cn-¨p-
[31،30:‫]اﻟﻨﻮر‬ sIm−v AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
(\_n-tb) \o kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-tfmSv Ah-
cpsS ZrjvSn-IÄ Xmgv¯p-hm\pw, Kp-lym-h-b-
h-§Ä Im¯p-kq-£n-¡p-hm\pw ]d-bp-I. [36:‫]اﻹﺳﺮاء‬
(\qÀ:30, 31)
\n\-¡-dn-hn-Ãm¯ bmsXmcp Imcy-¯n-sâbpw
AXm-bXv Xsâ ktlm-Z-csâ Kply-`m- ]n¶mse \o t]mI-cpXv. XoÀ¨-bmbpw tIÄ
K-t¯¡v ZrjvSn Ab-¡msXbpw Xsâ hn,- ImgvN lrZbw F¶n-h-sb-¸-än-sbÃmw
Kply-`mKw ZÀin-¡-s¸-Sm-sXbpw kq£n-¡- tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sp-¶-Xm-Wv. (-CkvdmAv:36)
W-sa-¶À°w .
Camw im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: ssewKn-Im-
At±lw ho−pw ]dªp: Kply-`mKw h-b-h-¯n\p ta Ah³ \nÀ_Ôam-¡n-b-
kq£n-¡-W-sa¶v AÃm-lp-hnsâ {KÙ- Xv, AÃmlp \njn-²-am-¡n-b-Xns\ If-¦-s¸-Sp-
¯n ]cm-aÀin-¨-sXÃmw hy`n-Nm-cs¯ Dt±- ¯m-Xn-cn-¡pI F¶m-Wv. AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
in-¨m-Wv. F¶m Cu Bb-¯n A§-s\-
b-Ã, ChnsS ZÀin-¡p-¶-XmWv Dt±-in-¨n-«p-f-f- [5:‫]اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻮن‬

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 104 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 105

""X§-fpsS Kplym-hb-h-§sf Im¯p-kq- Zm\-[À½w sN¿pI, IpSpw-_-_Ôw NmÀ¯p


£n-¡p-¶-h-cp-amWv AhÀ.'' (-AÂapAv-an- I, AÃm-lp-hnsâ amÀK-¯n kacw \S-
\q³:5) ¯pI, \a-kvIm-c-§Ä¡mbn AwK-ip-²n-
hcp-¯p-I XpS-§n-bh AXp-sIm−v FSp-¡p-
Ibpw sN¿pI F¶mWv .
AXp-kw-_-Ô-ambn AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
[22:‫]ﻓﺼﻠﺖ‬

\n§-fpsS ImtXm \n§-fpsS I®p-Itfm


\n§-fpsS sXmen-Itfm \n§Äs¡-Xn-cnÂ
[6:‫]اﳌﺎﺋﺪة‬
km£ywhln-¡p-sa¶p IcpXn \n§Ä (Ah
bnÂ\n-¶pw) Hfnªncn¡m-dp-−m-bn-cp¶n-Ã. kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-tf, \n§Ä \a-kvIm-c-¯n-
(^p-Ên-eXv:22) s\m-cp-§n-bmÂ, \n§-fpsS apJ-§fpw ap«p-
ChnsS sXmen-sIm−v hnh-£n-¡p-¶Xv hsc c−p ssIIfpw Igp-Ip-I (-am-CZ:6)
ssewKn-Im-h-b-h-§fpw XpS-I-fp-am-Wv. A\p-
h-Zn-¡-s¸-Sm¯ Imcy-§-fnÂ\n¶v ssewKn-
Im-h-b-h-§sf Im¯p-kq-£n-¡pI F¶m-Wv
AXnsâ ta AÃmlp I¸n-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv. [4 : ‫]ﳏﻤﺪ‬
AXmWv AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\w. BI-bm kXy-\ntj[n-I-fp-ambn \n§Ä
ssII-fpsS ta imkn-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv,- AÃmlp Gäp-ap-«n-bm ]nc-SnI-fn sh«p-I. A§s\
\njn-²-am-¡nb Imcy-§sf AXvsIm−v ]nSn- Ahsc \n§Ä AaÀ¨sNbvXp-I-gn-ªmÂ
¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw I¸n¨ Imcy-§-fmb \n§Ä Ahsc iàn-bmbn _Ôn-¡p-I.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 106 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 107

F¶n«v AXn\v tijw Ah-tcmSv Zm£nWyw fnepw AÃm-lphn¶v kmjvSmwKw \an-¡pI


ImWn-¡p-I-tbm, AsÃ-¦n tamN-\-aqeyw F¶-Xm-Wv. AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
hm§n- hn«b¡p-Itbm sN¿pI. (apl-½Zv:4)
AXm-bXv sh«pw bp²hpw IpSp-w_-_
Ôw tNÀ¡epw Zm\w sN¿epsaÃmw ssI
(77 :‫)اﺤﻟﺞ‬
sIm−v \nÀÆ-lnt¡− {]hÀ¯\am-Wv.
Imep-IfpsS ta AÃmlp kmjvSmwKw sN¿pIbpw, \n§-fpsS c£n-Xm-
\nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn«p-f-fXv, A-Ãmlp \njn-²- hns\ Bcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw \· {]hÀ¯n¡p-
am-¡n-b-Xn-te¡v AXp-ap-tJ\ \S-¶p t]mI- Ibpw sN¿pI. \n§Ä hnPbw {]m]n-t¨-
cpsX-¶XmWv. AÃmlp ]d-bp-¶p: ¡mw. (-lÖv:77)
Ah³ ho−pw ]d-bp¶p:
[18:‫]اﳉﻦ‬
[37:‫]اﻹﺳﺮاء‬
kmjvSmw-K-Øm-\-§Ä (]-Ån-IÄ) -A-Ãm-lp-
""\o `qan-bn Al-´-tbmsS \S-¡-cpXv. hn-\p-f-f-Xm-Ip-¶p. AXn-\m AÃm-lp-thm-
XoÀ¨-bmbpw \n\¡v `qansb ]nfÀ¡m-s\m- sSm¸w Bscbpw hnfn¨v {]mÀ°n¡-cp-Xv
¶p-am-hn-Ã. Db-c-¯n \n§Ä¡v ]ÀÆ-X- (-Pn¶v:18)
§Äs¡m-¸-sa-¯m\pw Bhn-Ã.'' ChnsS kmjvSm-wK-Øm\§Ä sIm−v
(Ckvdm-Av:37) Dt±-in-¡p-¶Xv \a-kvIm-c-¯n a\p-jy³
AÃmlp apJ-¯n-\p-ta \nÀ_Ôam- kmjvSmwKw sN¿p¶ s\än-¯-Shpw aäp-
¡n-bXv, cmhpw ]Iepw \a-kvIm-c-thfI- amWv.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 108 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 109

Camw im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: D]-cypà


Imcy-§-fmWv AÃmlp Cu Ah-b-h-§-fpsS
ta \nÀ_Ôambn IÂ]n-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv.
[143:‫]اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬
AwK-ip-²o-I-c-W-s¯bpw \a-kvIm-c
s¯bpw Cuam³ F¶v JpÀ-B-\n hnti- AÃmlp \n§-fpsS hnizm-ks¯ ]mgm-¡n-
jn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ss_Xp apJ-±-kn-te¡v ¡-f-bp-I-bn-Ã. XoÀ¨-bmbpw AÃmlp a\p-jy-
\a-kvI-cn-¨-Xn \n¶pw {]hm-N-Isâ apJ tcmSv AXy-[nIw Zb-bp-f-f-h\pw Icp-Wm-\n-
s¯ AÃmlp Xncn-¡p-Ibpw IAv-_-bnte¡v [n-bp-am-Wv (-_-Jd:143)
Xncnªp \a-kvI-cn-¡m³ IÂ]n-¡p-Ibpw ChnsS \a-kvIm-c-s¯-bmWv "Cuam³'
sNbvX thf-bn-em-W-Xv. At¸m-tg¡pw ]Xn- (hnizmkw) F¶v hnfn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXn-
\mdv amk-§-fmbn apkvenwIÄ ss_Xp \m hÃ-h\pw Xsâ \a-kvIm-cs¯ Im¯p-
apJ-±-kn-te¡v Xncnªv \a-kvI-cn-¨n-«p-−m-bn- kq-£n¨pw Hmtcm Ah-b-h-§-fpsS taepw
cp¶p. AÃm-lp -\nÀ_Ôam-¡n-bn-«p-f-fXv \nÀÆ-ln
AXn-\m AhÀ tNmZn¨p: AÃm-lp- ¨v Xsâ Ah-b-hs¯ kq£n¨pw AÃm-lp-
hnsâ Zq-Xsc, ss_Xp apJ-±-kn-te¡v hns\ I−p-ap-«p-I-bm-sW¦n kzÀKm-h-Im-
Xncnªv R§Ä \nÀÆln-¨n-cp¶ \a-kvIm- in-I-fnÂs]-«-h-\mbn, ]cn-]qÀ® Cuam-\nsâ
cs¯ Ipdn¨v Xm¦Ä F´v ]d-bp¶p? F´m- DS-a-bm-bn AÃlphns\ AbmÄ¡v A`n-ap-
bn-cn¡pw AXnsâbpw R§-fpsSbpw Ah Jo-I-cn-¡m-\mIpw.
Ø? At¸m-gm-bn-cp¶p AÃmlp C§s\ C\n Bsc-¦nepw t_m[-]qÀÆw AÃmlp
Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n-cp-¶Xv. IÂ]n-¨-XnÂ\n¶v hÃXpw Dt]-£n-¡p-I-bm-
sW¦n A]qÀ®amb Cuam-\p-ambn AÃm-
lp-hns\ I−p-ap-«p-¶-Xm-Wv. Ct¸mÄ Cuam-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 110 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 111

\nsâ ]qÀ®Xbpw A]qÀ®Xbpw {Kln-¨p- ¡pI-bmWv AXv sNbvXXv. Ah-À kXy-\n-


htÃm F¶m AXnsâ hÀ²\hv Fhn-Sp- tj-[n-I-fm-bn-cns¡ Xs¶ acn-¡p-Ibpw
¶mWv D−m-Ip-¶Xv? sNbvXp. (Xu_:124, 125)
im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: alm-kvXp-XyÀl-
\mb AÃmlp ]dªp:
[13:‫]اﻟﻜﻬﻒ‬
X§-fpsS c£n-Xm-hn hniz-kn¨ GXm\pw
bphm-¡-fm-bn-cp¶p AhÀ. AhÀ¡p \mw
k·mÀK t_m[w hÀ²n¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
(-Ilv^v 13)
im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: "Cuam³' sam¯
[125،124:‫]اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬
ambn bmsXmcp Gä-¡p-d-hpap-−m-Im¯ Hcp
GI-I-am-bn-cp-s¶-¦n AXnsâ t]cn BÀ
(JpÀ-B-\n-se)- G-sX¦nepw Hc-²ymbw Ah- ¡pw t{ijvS-X-bp-−m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. P\-§-
X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-«m Ah-cn NneÀ ]dbpw: sfÃmw XpÃycpw Gä-hy-Xym-k-§Ä \ncÀ°-
\n§-fn CXv BÀ¡mWv hnizmkw hÀ²n I-hp-amIpw. ]s£, Cuam-\nsâ ]qÀ®X
¸n-¨p-X-¶Xv? F¶m kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fm-I- sIm−mWv kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ kzÀK-¯nÂ
s«, Ah-cpsS hnizmkw hÀ²n¸n-¡pI Xs¶- {]th-in-¡p-¶Xv. Cuam-\nsâ anI-hn-\-Sn-Øm-
bmWv sNbvX-Xv. AhÀ AXn kt´mjw \-¯n-emWv AÃm-lp-hn-¦Â, kzÀK-¯nse
sImf-fp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. F¶m a\-Êp-I- kXy-hn-izm-kn-IfpsS ]Z-hn-I-fn Gä-hy-Xym-
fn tcmK-ap-f-f-h-cm-Is« AhÀ¡v Ah-cpsS k-ap-−m-Ip-¶Xv. Ipä-¡mÀ \c-I-¯n t]m
ZpjvS-X-bn-te¡v IqSp-X ZpjvSX Iq«n-t¨À Ip-¶Xpw Cuam-\nse Ipdhp Imc-W-amWv.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 112 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 113

im^nCu ]d-bp¶p: IpXn-c-]-´b Znh D) kzlm-_-¯ns\ Ipdn¨v At±-l-


kw IpXn-c-IÄ¡n-S-bn aÕcw \S-¡p-¶-Xv ¯nsâ A`n-{]mbw:
t]mse alm-\mb AÃmlp Xsâ Zmk-·mÀ
¡nS-bn aÕcw GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-bncn-¡p-¶p. 1) im^nCu ]d-ª-Xmbn ss_lJn D²-
]n¶oSv hnP-bn-I-fm-bn-¯o-cp-¶-hÀ aäp-f-f-h-sc- cn-¡p¶p:
¡mÄ DbÀ¶-Øm-\-§fnem-bn-cn¡pw. AÃmlp AÃmlp JpÀ-B-\nepw Xudm¯nepw
Hmtcm hyàn-tbbpw Xsâ hnP-b-¯n-\-\p-k- C©o-enepw dkq-ep-Ãm-ln()-bpsS A\p-N-c-
cn¨ ]Z-hn-bn-emWv Ah-tcm-[n-¡p-I. AXn ·msc {]iw-kn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. dkq-ep-Ãm-ln-()
Bcp-sSbpw Ah-Im-i-¯n\v Ipdhp hcp-¯p- bpsS \mhn-eqsS Xs¶ Ah-cpsS ]n³Km-an-
I-bn-Ã. hnP-bn-tb-¡mÄ ]cm-Pn-Xt\m t{ijv IÄs¡m-¶p-ap-−m-Im¯ t{ijvSX AhÀ
St\-¡mÄ t{ijvS-X-Ip-d-ª-ht\m ap³K- ¡p-s−¶v BZyta {]kvXm-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.
W\ \ÂI-s¸-Sn-Ã. AXp-sIm-−p-Xs¶ Cu AXn-\m AhÀ¡v AÃmlp ImcpWyw
kap-Zm-b-¯nsâ ap¶n-ep-f-f-h\v Ah-km-\- sNmcn-bs«. kXy-k-Ô-·m-cp-sSbpw cà-km-
¯n-ep-f-f-h-t\-¡mÄ t{ijvS-X-bp−v. Cuam- £n-I-fp-sSbpw D¶-X-]-Z-hn-IÄ {]m]n-¡m³
\n-te¡v BZy-amZyw IS-¶p-h-¶-hÀ¡v AXn A\p-{K-ln-¨p-sIm−v Ahsc BioÀh-Zn-¡-
Xmakw hcp-¯n-b-h-sc-¡mÄ al-Xz-ap-−m-Ip-
¶n-sæn Cu kap-Zm-b-¯nsâ Ah-km-\- s«. AÃm-lp-hnsâ ZqX-cpsS() Ncy-IÄ
s¯-bmÄ AXnsâ ap¼p-f-f-h-t\m-sSm¸w Ah-cmWv \ap¡v F¯n-¨p-X-¶Xv. {]hm-N-
F¯n-t¨-cp-am-bn-cp-¶p. (-a-\m-Jn_p im^nCu I\v Znhy-k-tµiw Ah-X-cn-¨p-sIm-−n-cp-¶-
1/387þ393) t¸mÄ Ah-cXv t\cn«v ZÀin-¨p. AXvsIm−v
Xs¶ {]hm-N-I³ s]mXp-hm-bXmtWm Dt±-
in¨Xv AtXm {]tXyI-tam, IWn-iam-b-
XmtWm, \nÀt±iam-b-XmtWm Fs¶ms¡

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 114 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 115

AhÀ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. \ap¡v Adn-bm- ¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: dkq-ep-Ãm-ln(-)¡p


hp-¶Xpw Adn-bm-¯-Xp-amb kp¶-¯p-IÄ tijw Gähpw t{ijvS³ A_q-_-¡-dmWv
(\-_n-N-cy-IÄ) AhÀ And-bp-¶-h-cm-Wv. ]ns¶ Da-dmWv ]ns¶ DYvam-\mWv ]ns¶
GXp hnÚm-\-¯nepw Kth-j-W-¯nepw Aenbpw ()(-a-\m-Jn_p im^nCu 1/433)
`àn-bnepw _p²n-i-àn-bnepw, Hcp- Im-cy--
¯nÂ\n¶v Adnhv t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡p-Itbm hn[n 4) bqkv^p C_n³ blvb _psshXzn
Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-I-tbm, sN¿p¶-Xn-ep-saÃmw ]d-ª-Xmbn ld-hn D²-cn-¡p¶p: Rm³
AhÀ \s½-¡mÄ DbÀ¶-h-cm-Wv. Ah-cpsS dm^nfn¡p ]n¶n XpSÀ¶p \a-kv¡-cn-
ho£-W-§Ä \ap¡v Gähpw {]iw-k-\o-b- ¡s« F¶v im^n-Cu-tbmSv tNmZn-¨p.
amWv. \s½ kw-_-Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw \apsS At±lw ]dªp: \o dm^n-fn-bpsStbm JZ-
ho£-W-§sf¡mÄ \ap-t¡-ähpw DNn-X-am- cn-¿n-bp-sStbm apÀPn-Cu-bp-sStbm ]n¶nÂ
bXpw AXp-X-s¶ þ -A-Ãmlp AAv-ew (-a-\m- XpSÀ¶v \a-kv¡-cn-¡-cpXv. Rm³ ]dªp:
Jn_p im^nCu 1/442) AhÀ Bcm-sW¶v R§Ä¡v H¶p hnh-cn-
¨p-X-cWw At±lw ]dªp: Cuam³
2) d_oAv C_v\p kpsse-am\n \n¶pw hm¡n\m-ep-f-f-Xm-Wv ({]hÀ¯n AXns\
ss_-lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: kXys¸Sp¯nbnsænepw icn) F¶v ]d-bp-
kzlm-_n-I-fpsS t{ijvS-X-bpsS {Iaw ¶-h-\mWv apÀPn-Av, A-_q-_-¡dpw Dadpw
im^nCu C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: Cam-ap-I-f-Ã (-t\-Xr-Xz-ap-f-f-h-c-Ã)- F¶v ]d-
A_q_¡À ]ns¶ DaÀ ]ns¶ DYvam³ bp-¶-h-\mWv dm^nfn, aio-A¯v (COm-
]ns¶ Aen.(-a-\m-Jn_p im^nCu 1/432) iàn) kz´-¯n-te¡v tNÀ¯h-\mWv JZ-cn-
3) apl-½-Zv C_n\-p- A-ÐnÃmln_v\p bv. (-Z-½pÂIemw 215 mw ]pdw, Z-l-_n-bnsS
AÐn lIw ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn ho−pw knb-dn 10/31)
ss_lJn D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu ]d-bp-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 116 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 117

E)- h-N-\-im-kv{X-s¯bpw aX¯n Ie-ln-¡n- 3), d_oAv C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-bp-¶-Xm


bn ldhn ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu
¶-Xn-s\bpw At±lw hntcm-[-¡p-¶p. ]dªp: Hmtcm FXn-cm-fn-s¡-Xnscbpw hen-
1) dp_oAv C_v\p kpsse-am³ ]d-bp-¶- sbmcp {KÙ-sa-gp-X-W-sa¶v Rm³ B{K-ln-
Xmbn ldhn D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu ]d-bp- ¨m XoÀ¨-bmbpw AXv sN¿pam-bn-cp-¶p.
¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: Hcp a\p-jy³ Xsâ ]s£, h-N-\-im-kv{X-w Fsâ hnj-b-¯nÂ
hnÚm-\-{K-Ù-§Ä asäm-cmÄ¡v \ÂIm³ DÄs¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. AXn Fs´-¦n-ep-sam¶v
hkzn-¿¯v sNbvXp F¶n-cn-¡-s«, AXnÂ- F¶n-te¡v tNÀ¡s¸Sp-¶Xv Rm³ CjvS-
hN-\-im-kv{X {KÙhp-ap−m-bn-cp-¶m B s¸-Sp-¶p-an-Ã. (Z½pÂIemw ]pdw 215)
hkzn-¿-¯n {]kvXpX {KÙ-§Ä DÄs¸-Sp- 4) A_q-YuÀ ]dªXmbn C_v\p-_-
I-bn-Ã ImcWw AsXmcp hnÚm\tabÃ. Xzbpw D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu Ft¶mSv
(Z½pÂIemw ]pdw 213, Z-l-_n-bnsS knb- ]dªp: h-N-\-im-kv{X-¯n \n¶p-ff hÃ
dn 10/30-) thjhpw sI«nbn«v hnP-bn¨ Hcm-sfbpw
2) lʳ kAv^-dm\n ]d-ª-Xmbn ldhn Rm³ I−n-«nà (AÂC-_m\m AÂIp_vdm
ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu ]d-bp-¶Xv t]Pv: 535, 536)
Rm³ tI«n«p−v. Hcp {]mhiyw am{X-a-ÃmsX 5) bq\pkv ankzvcn ]d-ª-Xmbn ldhn
h-N-\-im-kv{X-¯n Rm³ Hcm-tfmSpw ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: im^nCu ]dªp:
kwhmZw \S-¯n-bn-«n-Ã. AXnÂ\n-¶p-Xs¶ AÃm-lp-hn ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶-sXm-gnsI AÃmlp
Rm³ AÃm-lp-thmSv s]mdp-¡-ens\ tNmZn- hntcm-[n-¨n-«p-ff asä-´p-ambn Hcp hyànsb
¨psIm−n-cn-¡p¶p. (Z½pÂIemw ]pdw 213, AÃmlp ]co-£n-¡p-¶-XmWv h-N-\-im-kv{X-w
Z-l-_n-bnsS knb-dn 10/30- epw D²-cn-¨n- aptJ\ Abmsf ]co-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-s\-¡mÄ
«p−v)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 118 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 119

AbmÄ¡v \Ã-Xv. (C_v\p A_o-lm-Xzn-an-sâ


a\m-Jn_v im^nCu t]Pv: 182)
aX¯nsâ auen-I-hn-j-b-§-fn Camw
im^n-C-¡p-ff A`n-{]m-b-§fpw h-N-\-im- A²ymbw: A©v:
kv{X-hnÚm-\-t¯m-Sp-ff At±-l-¯nsâ Camw AlvaZv C_v\pl¼-ensâ
kao-]-\hp-amWv ChnsS hnh-cn-¨-Xv.
hnizmkw

A) Xulo-Zns\ kw_-Ôn¨ At±-l-


¯nsâ A`n-{]mbw
1) Xz_-JmXp l\m-_nebn C§s\
h¶n-«p−v Camw AlvaZn-t\mSv Xh-¡p-en-s\
(-`-c-ta¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-s\)-Ip-dn¨v tNmZn-¡-s¸-«p.
At¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: krjvSn-I-fnÂ
\n¶pw \ncmi-]q−v tamls¯ `Ún-¡-em-
W-Xv. (Xz_-Jm-Xp l\m-_ne 1/416)
2) Camw AlvaZv ]d-ª-Xmbn "l¼-ensâ
anlv\Xv' F¶ {KÙ-¯n-Â C§s\ h¶n-cn-
¡p-¶p: AÃmlp XBem Fs¶¶pw kwkm-
cn-¡p-¶-h-\mbn \ne-sIm-f-fp-¶p. JpÀ-B³,
AXv GXv hn[-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶mepw AÃm-lp-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 120 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 121

hnsâ hN\amWv, AXv krjvSn-¡s¸«XÃ. lZo-kp-IÄ h¶-t]mse Xs¶ D²-cn-¡pI


AÃmlp kz´s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¨-Xn-e-[n-I- am{X-am-Wv sN¿p¶-Xv. (A-Êp¶: t]Pv: 71,
ambn Hcp Imcyhpw Ahs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡- ZmdpÂIpXp-_p CÂan¿ {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨Xv)
cpXv. (In-Xm-_p anlv\m t]Pv: 68) 5) l¼-en \n¶pw eme-Imbnbpw D²-cn-
3) A_q-_-¡À AÂaÀh-kn-bn \n¶pw ¡p¶p: At±lw Camw AlvaZn-t\mSv
C_v\p A_o-bAvem D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw AÃmlp-hns\ ZÀin-¡p-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v
]dªp: AÃm-lp-hnsâ kzn^m-Xp-I-fnepw, tNmZn-¨p-hs{X. At¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp:
Ahs\ ImWp-¶-Xnepw, CkvdmAv kw`-h- kzoIm-cy-amb lZo-kp-I-fn-ep-f-f-Xm-WXv. \mw
¯nepw AÀjnsâ hnj-b-¯nepw Plvanbm- AXv hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw
¡Ä \nc-kn-¡p¶ lZo-kp-Isf Ipdn¨v Rm sN¿p¶p. Ipäaä ]c-¼-c-I-fn-eqsS {]hm-N-
³ AlvaZv C_v\p l¼-en-t\mSv tNmZn¨p: I³(-)-bn \n¶pw D²-cn-¡-s¸-«-sXÃmw
At±lw AXns\ kzoIm-cy-tbm-Ky-am-sW¶v \mw hniz-kn¡pIbpw AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw
(-kz-lo-lm-sW¶v) hn[n-¨p-sIm−v C§s\ sN¿p¶p. (idlp CAvXn-JmZn Alvenkp-
]dªp: kap-Zmbw H¶-S¦w Ahsb kzoI- ¶¯nhÂPam-A: 2/507)
cn-¨n-«p-f-f-XmWv. B lZo-kp-I-sfÃmw h¶-
Xvt]mse Xs¶ (hymJym-\n-¡m-sX) hntS-−- 6) C_v\p Pukn Xsâ a\m-Jn_n apk-
Xp-am-Wv. (Xz_-Jm-Xp l\m-_ne 1/56) ±-Zn\pff Camw AlvaZnsâ Fgp¯v D²-cn-
¡p-¶p−v, AXn-epw C§s\bp−v: AÃmlp
4) AlvaZv ]d-ª-Xmbn "InXm-_p-Êp¶" Ahs\ Xs¶ hnti-jn-¸n-¨-sXt´m AXv
F¶ {KÙ-¯n AÐn-Ãm-ln_v\p AlvaZv \n§fpw Ahs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-hn³. Ah
D²-cn-¡p¶p: AÃmlp kwkm-cn-¡pI-bn- sâ kz´¯n\v Ah³ \ntj-[n-¨-sXt´m
söv Bsc-¦nepw hmZn-¡p-I-bm-sW¦n AXv \n§fpw \ntj-[n-¡p-hn³. (a\m-Jn-
Ah³ Ahn-izm-kn-bmWv. \mam-Is« Cu _p Camw AlvaZv t]Pv:221)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 122 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 123

7) Camw AlvaZnsâ "AÂd±p Ae X-B-dpfn AJven h¶Jven 2/30)


Plvan¿' F¶{KÙ-¯n At±lw C§s\ 9) C_v\p A_o-b-Av-embpw AlvaZnÂ
]d-bp¶p: AÃmlp Ahsâ {KÙ¯neqsS \n¶pw At±lw ]d-ª-Xmbn D²-cn-¡p¶p:
Ahsâ kz´s¯ hnti-jn-¸-n¨Xv hÃ-h\pw hÃ-h\pw ]c-temI¯v AÃm-lp-hns\ ZÀin-
Ahs\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-Itbm Ahsâ {]hm- ¡p-I-bnà F¶v hmZn-¡p-I-bm-sW¦nÂ
N-I-\nÂ\n¶pw D²-cn-¡p-Itbm sNbvXm Ah³ Ahn-izm-knbpw JpÀ-B-\ns\ \ntj-
Ahn-izm-kn-bm-bn-¯ocpIbpw api-ºn-lo-§- [n¨p Xf-fp-¶-h-\p-amWv. (Xz_-Jm-Xp l\m-
fn (A-Ãm-lp-hns\ krjvSn-I-tfmSv D]-an-¡p- _ne 1/59, 145)
¶-hÀ) s]«p-t]m-hpIbpw sN¿psa-¶mWv
Plvav_v\p kz^vhm³ hmZn-¡p-¶-Xv. 10)- AlvaZnâ ]p{X³ AÐp-ff ]d-ª-Xmbn
(AÂd±p AeÂPlvan¿, t]Pv:104) At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw C_v\p A_o-b-Avem
8) C_v\p Xoan¿ "ZÀ-Av'F¶ {KÙ-¯n ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: AÃmlp aqkm(-)-
Camw AlvaZnâ {]kvXm-h\ C§s\ D²-cn- tbmSv kwkm-cn-¨-t¸mÄ i_vZw aptJ\
¡p¶p: AÃmlp knwlmk-\-¯n-t·-emWv. kwkm-cn-¨n-«nà F¶v ]d-bp¶ Hcp hn`m-
AXv Ah³ Dt±-in-¡p¶ hn[-¯nepw Dt±- Ks¯ Ipdn¨v Rm³ Fsâ ]nXm-hn-t\mSv
in-¡p¶ coXn-bn-ep-amWv. GsX-cm-fpsSbpw tNmZn¨p: At¸mÄ Fsâ ]nXmhv ]dªp:
\nÀÆ-N\-¯n\pw hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶-hsâ hn i_vZt¯msS AÃmlp kwkm-cn-¨p. Cu
ti-j-W-¯n\pw AXo-X-am-WXv AÃm-lp-hn lZo-kp-I-sfÃmw h¶Xv t]mse Xs¶ \mw
sâ hnti-j-W-§Ä Ah-\nÂ\n¶v Xs¶bp D²-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. (Xz_-Jm-Xp l\m-_ne
f-fXpw Ah\v th−n-bp-f-f-Xp-amWv. Ah³, 1/185)
Ahs\ kzbw hnti-jn-¸n-¨-Xv t]msebmWv. 11) A_vZqkv_v\p amen-In AXzmÀ ]d-ª-
ZrjvSn-IÄ Ahs\ Is−-¯p-I-bn-Ã. (ZÀ-D- Xmbn eme-Im-bnbpw D²-cn-¡p¶p: A-Ðp-Ãm-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 124 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 125

bpsS ]nXmhv AlvaZp_v\p l¼Â ]d-bp- Hcn-¡Â tNmZn-¡-s¸-«-t¸mÄ At±lw


¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: JpÀ-B-³ AÃm-lp-hnsâ C§s\ ]dªp: ASn-bm-dp-I-fpsS \·bpw
hN\amWv,- AXv krjvSn-tb- A-Ã. AXv Xn·bpw hn[n-¡-s¸-«p- I-gn-ªn-«p-Å-Xm-Wv.
krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-XÃ F¶v ]d-bp-¶-Xn¶v \o At¸mÄ ho−pw At±-l-t¯mSv tNmZn¨p:
ZpÀ-_-e-\m-I-cp-Xv. AÃm-lp-hnsâ kwkmcw AÃm-lp-hmtWm \·-sbbpw Xn·-sbbpw
Ah-\nÂ\n¶p-ap-f-f-Xm-Wv. Ah-\nÂ\n¶p-ap- krjvSn-¨-Xv. At±lw ]dªp: AsX, AÃm-
ff bmsXm¶pw krjvSn-¡-s¸-«-X-Ã. (idlp lp-hmWv AXv \nÀ®bn¨n-«p-f-f-Xv. (J-Ãm-
Dkzqen CAvXn-JmZn Alven kp-¶¯n ensâ AÊp-¶, ]pdw:85)
hÂPam-A 1/157) 3) Camw AlvaZnsâ "AÊp¶' F¶
B) JZvdns\ Ipdn-¨p-ff At±-l-¯nsâ {KÙ-¯n C§s\ ]d-bp¶p: hn[n apgp-
A`n-{]mbw h\pw, AXv \·-bm-bmepw Xn·-bm-bmepw,
IqSp-X-em-bmepw Ipd-ªX-mbmepw {]Xy-£-
1) C_v\p PuknbpsS "a\m-Jn-_n' am-bmepw ]tcm-£-am-bmepw a[p-c-am-bmepw
AlvaZv_v\p-l-¼Â apk-±-Zn¶v Fgp-Xnb Ibv¸m-bmepw CjvS-I-c-am-bmepw A\n-jvS-I-
Fgp¯v D²-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. AXn C{]-Imcw c-am-bmepw KpW-ap-f-f-Xm-bmepw tZmj-ap-f-f-
h¶n-«p−v: hn[n-hy-h-Ø-bn hniz-kn-¡pI, Xm-bmepw AXnsâ BZyhpw A-h-km-\-hp-
AYhm AXnsâ \·bpw Xn·bpw Ibv]pw saÃmw AÃm-lp-hn¦Â\n-¶p-f-fXpw, Ahsâ
a[p-chpw AÃm-lp-hnÂ\n-¶msW¶v hniz-kn- Zmk-·m-cpsS ta Ah³ Xocp-am-\n-¨p-d-¸n-
¡p-I. (a-\m-Jn_p Camw AlvaZv t]Pv: 169, ¨Xpw \nÀ-®bn-¨p-sh-¨-Xp-amWv. Ah-cnÂ
172) Hcmfpw Xs¶ AÃm-lp-hnsâ Dt±-is¯
2) A_q-_-¡À adqkn ]d-bp-¶-Xmbn ewLn-¡p-¶tXm Ahsâ Xocp-am-\s¯ and-
JÃm D²-cn-¡p¶p: A_q AÐp-Ã-tbmSv I-S-¡p-¶tXm AÃ. (A-Êp¶: t]Pv:68)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 126 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 127

4) AÐp lmcnYv ]d-ª-Xmbn At±-l- Ibpw AXp-hgn Im^n-dm-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-


¯n \n¶pw apl-½-Zn-_n\p A_o ¡p¶p.(A-Ðp-Ãm-ln_v\p AlvaZnsâ AÊp-
lmdq\pw At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw JÃmepw D²- ¶-bn -t]Pv:119)
cn-¡p¶p: A_q AÐq-Ãmlv C§s\ ]d-bp- 6) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐpà -]-d-bp¶p:
¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: AÃm-lp-hmWv ]pWyhpw JZvdns\ \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-hsâ ]n¶n \a-
]m]hpw \nÀW-®bn-¨n-«p-f-fXv. \·bpw kvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xns\ kw_-Ôn¨v asäm-cn-¡Â
Xn·bpw Ah³ IW-¡m-¡n. Ah³ Bsc- Fsâ ]nXm-hn-t\mSv Rm³ tNmZn¨p: At¸m
sb-¦nepw ku`m-Ky-hm³ F¶v tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n- Ä At±lw ]dªp: AbmÄ AXnsâ
bn-«p-s−-¦n ku`m-Ky-hm³ Xs¶. Ah³ I£n-bm-Ip-Ibpw {]Nm-c-I-\m-Ip-I-bp-am-sW
Bsc-sb-¦nepw lX`m-Ky-hm³ F¶v tcJ-s¸- ¦n \o Abmsf XpSÀ¶v \a-kvI-cn-¡-cp-Xv.
Sp-¯n-bn-«p-s−-¦n ZuÀ`m-Ky-hm\pw Xs¶. (A-Êp¶ t]Pv:384)
(J-Ãm-ensâ AÊp-¶ ]pdw:85)
5) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐpà -]-d-bp¶p: C) Cuam-\ns\ kw_-Ôn¨v At±-l-¯nsâ
JZvdns\ \ntj-[n-¡p¶h³ Ahn-izm-kn-bm- A`n-{]mbw
Iptam? F¶v Fsâ ]nXm-hn-t\mSv Aen¿p 1) AlvaZnÂ\n¶pw A_q-b-Av-em- D-²-cn-
C_v\p Plvav tNmZn¨ thf-bn At±lw ¡p¶p: AÃm-lp-hnsâ amÀK-¯n kvt\ln-
C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: AbmÄ ¡p-Ibpw shdp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶Xv Cuam-
Úm\s¯ \ntj-[n-¡p-I-bm-sW¦nÂ, A \nsâ Gähpw t{ijvS-I-c-amb khn-ti-j-X-
XmbXv AÃmlp krjvSn-¡p-¶Xvhsc Úm I-fn s]«XmWv. (Xz_-JmXp l\m-_ne
\n-bm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ]n¶oSv Ah\v Úm\-ap-−m- 2/275)
bn F¶v AbmÄ ]dªmÂ. ChnsS Abm
Ä AÃm-lp-hnsâ Úm\s¯ \ntj-[n-¡p- 2) C_v\pÂPukn AlvaZnÂ\n¶pw D²-cn-
¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: kXy-hn-izmkw

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 128 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 129

IqSp-Ibpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿pw A{]-Im-c- ¶Xpw Ipdbp¶Xp-am-Wv. ]s£ AbmÄ


amWv lZo-kn h¶n-«p-f-fXv: "C³im-AÃmlv' F¶v ]d-bp-¶nÃ. F¦nÂ
َ ََُ ُ َْ َ ُ َ َ ً ُ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ً َ َ ْ ُْ ُ َ ْ َ
AbmÄ "apÀPn-A'-¡m-c³ BIptam? At±
ُ‫ـﻮداود‬ ‫أﻛﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﺆ ِﻣ ِﻨﻦﻴ ِإﻳﻤﺎﻧﺎ أﺣﺴﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ )رواه أﻤﺣـﺪ وأﺑ‬ lw ]dªp: AbmÄ "apÀPn-Av' Bhp-I-bn-Ã-
ْ ِّ
(‫واﻟﺮﺘ ُﻣ ِﺬ ُّي‬
¶mWv Rm³ Icp-Xp-¶Xv. Fsâ ]nXmhv
C§s\ ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p. C³im-
kXy-hn-izm-kn-Ifn Gähpw k¼qÀ® AÃmlv ]d-bm-¯-h-s\-Xn-cn-ep-ff sXfnhv
Cuam-\p-f-f-hÀ Ah-cn IqSp-X kÂkz- \_n(-) J_vdmfn-I-tfm-Smbn ]dª hN\amWv.
`mh-apf-f-h-cmWv (AlvaZv, A_q-Zm-hqZv, ْ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ ْ ُ ُ َ َ ْ َّ َ
XnÀapZn F¶n-hÀ A_q-lp-ssd-d-bn \n¶v (‫و ِإﻧﺎ إِن ﺷﺎء اﷲ ﺑِﻜﻢ ﻻ ِﺣﻘﻮن )رواه ﻣﺴ ِﻠﻢ‬
D²-cn-¨-Xv). (a-\m-Jn_p Camw AlvaZv R§fpw C\vim-AÃmlv \n§-tfm-sSm¸w h¶p
t]Pv:173,- Iq-SmsX 153epw 168epw ImWmw) tNcp-¶-Xm-Wv. (apkvenw) (A-Ðp-Ãm-bpsS AÊp-
3) kpsse-am-\p_v\p Aiv-AYv ]d-bp-¶- ¶-bn -t]Pv:1/307, 308)
Xmbn At±-l-¯nÂ\n¶pw JÃm D²-cn- 5) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐp-Ãmlv ]d-bp¶p:
¡p¶p: \a-kvIm-chpw kImXpw lÖpw Fsâ ]nXm-hn-t\mSv (A-Ãmlp At±-l-t¯mSv
]pWy-IÀ½hpw Cuam-\nsâ `mK-amWv. ]m]- Icp-W-Im-Wn-¡-s«)- CÀPm-Cs\ Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¨-
§Ä Cuam-\n\v Ipdhv hcp¯p¶p. (J-Ãm- t¸mÄ At±lw ]d-ªp: \½Ä ]d-bp-¶Xv
ensâ AÊp-¶ ]pdw:96) Cuam³ hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpw IqSn-bmWv, AXv
IqSp-Ibpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. hy`n-N-cn-¡p-
4) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐp-Ãmlv ]d- Itbm aZy-]n-¡p-Itbm sN¿p¶ BfpsS Cu
bp¶p: Rm³ Fsâ ]nXm-hn-t\mSv C§s\ am³ Ipd-bp-¶p. (A-Ðp-Ãm-ln_v\p AlvaZnsâ
]d-bp-¶- Hcmsf Ipdn¨v tNmZn¨p: Cuam³ AÊp-¶ 1/307).
hm¡pw {]hÀ¯nbpwIqSn-bmWv. AXv IqSp

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 130 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 131

D) kzlm-_-¯ns\ Ipdn-¨p-ff At±-l- Isâ kzlm-_n-IÄ P\-§-fn B \mep-


¯nâ A`n-{]mbw. t]sc Ign-ªm Gähpw DÂIr-jvS-cm-Wv.
HcmÄ¡pw Xs¶ Ah-cpsS tZmj-§Ä FSp-
1) Camw AlvaZnsâ "AÊp¶' F¶ {KÙ- ¯p-]-d-bmt\m Hcm-fpsS-sb-¦nepw \yq\-X
¯n C§s\ h¶n-«p−v. bpw Ipdhpw FSp-¯p-Im«n `Õn-¡p-hmt\m
{]hm-N-I³(-)-bpsS apgp-h³ kzlm-_ Hcn-¡epw ]mSp-f-f-XÃ. C\n Bsc-¦nepw
¯ns\ Ipdn¨pw \· am{Xw ]d-bp-¶-XmWv A§s\ sNbvXm Ahs\ acymZ ]Tn-¸n-
kp¶¯v. Ah-cpsS tZmj-§-sfbpw AhÀ t¡-−Xpw in£n-t¡-−Xpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-
¡n-S-bn DS-se-Sp-¯n-cp¶ `n¶n-¸p-I-sfbpw bpsS \nÀ_Ô _m[y-X-bm-Wv. Ah\v hn«p-
]cm-aÀin¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw thWw. F¶m hogv¨ \ÂIp-hm\pw ]mSn-Ã. (-Camw
hÃ-h\pw dkq-ep-Ãm-ln(-)-bpsS kzlm-_n-I- AlvaZnsâ InXm_p-Êp¶: t]Pv:77, 78)
sftbm Ah-cn Hcm-sftbm A[n-t£-]n-¡p- 2) AlvaZv_v\p l¼Â apk-±-Zn\v Fgp-Xnb
I-bm-sW¦n Ah³ ap_vX-ZnDw (-]p¯³ Fgp¯v C_v\p Pukn D²-cn-¡p-¶p.
hm-Zn) dm^n-fn (-\-_n(-)-bpsS Jeo-^-amsc AXn C§-s\-bp−v: ]¯v t]À XoÀ¨-
\ncm-Icn-¡p-¶-h-\pw)- \o-N\pw kwkvImc iq bmbpw kzÀK-¡m-cm-sW¶v \o km£yw
\y-\p-am-Wv. Ahsâ \nÀ_ÔIÀ½-§tfm hln-¡p-Ibpw thWw. AhÀ: A_q-_-¡À,
sFOn-Im-cm-[-\-Itfm AÃmlp kzoI-cn-¡p-I- DaÀ, DYvam³, Aen, -XzÂl, kpss_À,
bn-Ã. t\sca-d-n¨v, kzlm_m¡sf kvt\ln- kA-Zv, kCuZv, AÐp-dlvam³ C_v\pHu^v,
¡p-¶Xv {]hm-N-I-N-cy-bpsS `mKhpw AhÀ A_qCss_-Z-Xp C_v\p PÀdm-lv F¶n-h-
¡p-th−n {]mÀ°n¡p-¶Xv ]pWy-IÀ½hpw, cm-Wv. IqSmsX \_n(-) BÀs¡-¦nepw
Ahsc amXr-I-bm-¡p-¶Xv Hu¶-Xy-hp-am-Wv. th−n km£yw hln-¨p-thm AhÀ¡v
ho−pw At±lw ]dªp: ]n¶oSv {]hm-N- kzÀK-ap-s−¶v \½fpw km£yw hln-¡p-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 132 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 133

¶p. (C-_v\p Pukn-bpsS a\m-Jn-_p AwKo-I-cn-¡m-¯-h-t\mSv \n§Ä kwkm-cn-


Camw AlvaZv t]Pv:170) ¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I, Ah-\p-ambn hnhm-l-_-
3) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐpÃm ]d-bp-¶p: Ôhpw \S-¯-cp-Xv. (Xz_-Jm-Xp l\m-_ne
Cam-ap-I-sf-Ip-dn¨v Rm³ Fsâ D¸-tbmSv 1/45)
tNmZn-¨t¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp: A_q-_- E) hN\imkv{X-t¯mSpw aX¯n Ie-ln¡p-
¡À, ]ns¶ DaÀ, ]ns¶ DYvam³, ]ns¶ ¶-Xn-t\m-Sp-ap-ff At±-l-¯nsâ hntcm-[w.
Aen-bp-am-Wv . (A-Êp-¶ t]Pv:235)
1) C_v\p-_-Xz, A_q-_-¡À adq-kn-bnÂ
4) AlvaZnsâ ]p{X³ AÐpÃm ho−pw \n¶v D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: A_q-
]d-bp-¶p: Aenbv-() Jeo-^tb AÃ F¶v A-ÐpÃm ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: hN\
]d-bp¶ hn`m-Ks¯ Ipdn¨v Rm³ Fsâ imkv{Xw Gsä-Sp-¡p-¶-h³ hnP-bn-¡n-Ã.
D¸-tbmSv tNmZn¨p. At±lw ]dªp: hN\-imkv{X-ta-sä-Sp-¡p-¶-h³ Plvanbm-Im-
Gähpw tamihpw \oN-hpamb hm¡m-W-Xv. Xn-cn-¡n-Ã.(-C-_m\:2/538)
(A-Êp-¶ t]Pv:235)
2) AlvaZv ]d-ª-Xmbn C_v\p AÐnÂ
5) C_v\pÂPukn AlvaZnÂ\n¶pw D²-cn- _Àdv Xsâ "Pman-D- _-bm-\n CnÂav'-F¶
¡p-¶p: At±lw ]dªp: Aen(-)-hn\v {KÙ-¯n D²-cn-¡p¶p: hN\imkv{X-¯n
Jnem-^¯v Øm]n-¡m-¯-h³ Xsâ ho«p- sâ hàmhv Hcn-¡epw Xs¶ hnP-bn-¡pI-
Im-cpsS Igp-X-tb-¡mÄ hgn-sX-änb-h-\m-Wv. bn-Ã. hN\imkv{X-¯n ]T\w \S-¯p¶
(a\m-Jn-_p Camw AlvaZv t]Pv:163) GsXm-cmfpsSbpw lrZ-b-¯n Xn· IpSn-
6) C_v\p A_o-b-Avem AlvaZnÂ\n¶pw sIm-f-fp¶-Xm-bn-«-ÃmsX \n\¡p Is−-¯m-
D²-cn-¡p¶p: Aen-bn_v\p A_n-Xzm-en-_n\v \m-Ip-I-bn-Ã.(Pm-an-D-_-bm-\n CÂan h^-
Jnem-^-¯nsâ Ah-Imi-ap-−m-bn-cp-¶-Xmbn fven-ln(2/95)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 134 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 135

3) ldhn AlvaZnsâ ]{X³ AÐp-Ãm-bn ]pd¯p t]mIn-Ã. hN\imkv{X-¡mc³ hnP-


\n¶pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: bn-¡p-¶Xv \o ImWp-I-bn-Ã (-C-_v\p-_-Xz-
Fsâ D¸ Dss_-Zn-Ãm-ln_v\p blvb_v\p bpsS AÂ C_m\ 2/539)
JmJm-\n\v C§s\ FgpXn: Rm³ Hcp 6) C-_v\p-_-Xz- Dss_-ZpÃm_v\p l¼-enÂ
hN\imkv{X- hàm-hÃ. AÃm-lp-hnsâ \n¶pw ho−pw D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw
{KÙ-¯ntem dkq-ep-Ãm-ln(-)bpsS lZo- ]dªp: Fsâ ]nXmhv Ft¶mSv ]dªp:
kntem h¶-X-ÃmsX, Cu hN\imkv{X A_q AÐpà ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«n«p−:v
¯n\v Fs´-¦n-ep-samcp {]kàn Rm³ \n§Ä kp¶¯pw lZoYpw apdpsI ]nSn-
ImWp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\m Xs¶ aäp-ff hN\ ¡pI AXv aptJ\ AÃmlp \n§Ä¡v
imkv{X-§sfm¶pw Xs¶ kzmK-XmÀl-ta- KpWw sN¿pw. XÀ¡-hn-XÀ¡-§-fnepw Ie-
bÃ. (-Z-½pÂIemw ]pdw:216) l-§-fnepw apgp-Ip-¶Xv kq£n-¡pI. XoÀ¨-
4) aqkm_v\p AÐp-Ãm -XzÀkq-kn-bn bmbpw hN\imkv{X-s¯ CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶-h³
\n¶pw C_v\p Pukn D²-cn-¡p¶p: At± hnP-bn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. hN\imkv{X-sa¶ \ho-\-
lw ]dªp: AlvaZv_n³ l¼Â C§s\ {]-h-W-X-bn-teÀs¸-Sp-¶-h-scÃmw A´n-a-ambn
]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«p: hN\imkv{X-¡m _nZv-A-¯n-te-¡-ÃmsX F¯p-I-bnÃ. Imc
tcmSv AhÀ kp¶¯ns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p-¶-h- Ww hN\imkv{Xw Hcn-¡epw \·-bn-te-¡Ã
cm-bn-cp-¶mepw icn \n§Ä IqSn-bn-cn-¡-cp- hnfn-¡p-¶-Xv. hN\imkv{Xt¯tbm XÀ¡-h-
Xv.(a\m-Jn-_p Camw AlvaZv, t]Pv:163) j-b-¯n-teÀs¸-Sp-¶-Xn-t\tbm Rm³ CjvS-
s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. kp¶-¯p-Ifpw ]qÀÆn-I-N-cn-X-
5) A_p lmcnkv kzmbn-Kn \n¶pw §fpw \n§Ä¡p-]-Im-c-s¸-Sp¶ aXhnÚm
C_v\p_Xz D²-cn-¡p-¶p: (AlvaZv ]dªp) \§fpw apdpsI ]nSn-¡p-I. AtXm-sSm¸w
hN\imkv{Xs¯ hÃ-hcpw CjvS-s¸-«m h{I-X-bp--Å-h-cpsS hN\imkv{X-NÀ¨-Ifpw
Ahsâ lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pw ]ns¶ AXv

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 136 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 137

XÀ¡-hn-XÀ¡-§fpw \n§Ä shSn-bp-I.


R§Ä I−p-ap-«n-bn-cp¶ al-¯p¡-sfm¶pw
CsXm¶pw Adn-ªn-cp-¶n-Ã. hN\imkv{X-
¡mcn \n¶pw AhÀ AI¶p Ign-bp-I-bm-
bn-cp¶p. hN\imkv{Xw \·-bmbn ]cy-h-km-
\n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. FÃm ]co-£-W-§-fnÂ\n¶pw
\mi-¯nÂ\n¶pw \s½sbÃmw AÃmlp
Im¯p-c-£n-¡-s«. (-C-_v\p-_-Xz-bpsS AÂ kam-]\w
C_m\: 2/539)
7) AlvaZnÂ\n¶pw C_-v\p-_Xz A CXp-hsc hnh-cn-¨-Xn \n¶pw, \mep
C_m-\-bn D²-cn-¡p¶p: At±lw ]dªp: Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw A`n-{]m-b-§-fnse kam-\-
Hcp a\p-jy³ hN\imkv{Xs¯ CjvS-s¸- Xbpw tbmPn¸pw kpXmcw hyà-amWv.
Sp-¶-Xmbn \o ImWp-¶p-sh-¦n Abmsf \o Cuam-\nsâ Hcp NÀ¨-bn Camw A_q-l-
kq£n¡p-I (-C-_v\p-_-Xz-bpsS AÂ \o-^-¡p-am{Xw thdn-s«m-c-`n-{]m-b-ap-s−-¶p-f-
C_m\: 2/540) f-XmWv CXn-s\m-c-]-hm-Z-am-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. AXnÂ
aX¯nsâ auenI hnj-b-§-fn-ep-ff alm- \n-¶v -X-s¶bpw At±lw ]n³hm-§n-bn-«p
\-h-dp-I-fpsS {]kvXm-h-\bpw hN\imkv{X s−¶pw ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p.
t¯mSp-ff At±-l-¯nsâ kao-]-\-hp-amWv apkvenwIsf kpk-½-X-amb Hcp hN\
apI-fn D²-cn-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv. ¯n GtIm-]n¸n-¡p-hm\pw aX¯n `n¶n-
¡p-¶-Xn \n¶pw Ahsc c£n-¡p-hm\pw
Cu Hcp hnizmkw am{Xta A\p-tbm-Py-am-bn-
«p-f-fq. F´vsIm-s−-¶m AXv AÃm-lp-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 138 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 139

hnsâ {KÙ-¯n \n¶pw Ahsâ dkqen ho−pw AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:


sâ kp¶¯n \n¶pw kzmwio-I-cn-¨n-«p-f-f-
Xm-Wv. Cu Cam-ap-I-fpsS hnizm-ks¯ Adn-
bp-Ibpw a\Ên-em-t¡-−-Xvt]mse a\-Ên-em-
¡p-Ibpw DÄsIm--tff-−Xvt]mse DÄsIm-f- -192:‫]اﻟﺸــﻌﺮاء‬
fp-Ibpw sN¿p¶-hÀ P\-§-fn hfsc hnc-
f-am-Wv. Zyhy-h-N-\-§Ä hmbn-¡pIb-ÃmsX, [195
AÀ°w a\-Ên-em¡m¯ "ap^-Æn-fp-I-fm-'bn- ""XoÀ¨-bmbpw CXv (-JpÀ-B³)- tem-I-c-£n-
cp¶p Cu Cam-ap-IÄ Fs¶mcp InwhZ´n Xmhv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv Xs¶-bm-Ip-¶p. hniz-
{]N-cn-¨n-«p-−v. Hcp ]mgvthe¡v am{X-amWv kvXm-ßm-hv (-Pn_vcoÂ)- \nsâ lrZ-b-¯nÂ
AÃmlp Zyhy-k-tµiw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv F¶ AXpw sIm−v Cd-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. \o Xm¡o
a«n-emWv Cu PÂ]\w. F¶m AÃmlp Xp \ÂIp-¶-h-cpsS Iq«-¯n-em-bncn¡m³
]d-bp-¶Xv ImWp-I. th−n-bs{X AXv. kv]jvS-amb Ad-_n-`m-j-
bn-em-Wv (-AXv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨-Xv)'' (-ip-Adm:
192þ195)
[29:‫]ص‬
ho−pw AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p:
"" \n\¡p \mw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-X¶ A\p-{K-lo-
X-amb {KÙ-as{X CXv. CXnse ZrjvSm-´- [2:‫]ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬
§sf ]än AhÀ Nn´n-¨p-t\m-¡phm\pw \n§Ä {Kln-t¡-−-Xn-\mbn AXv Ad-_n-`m-
_p²n-am³amÀ DÂ_p-²-cm-tI−Xn\pw j-bn hmbn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Hcp {]am-W-ambn
th−n''(-kzmZv:29). \mw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. (bq-kp^v: 2)

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 140 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 141

AÃmlp thZ-{KÙw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv AXn À¡p-tijw h¶ Cam-ap-I-fp-sSbpw hnizm-k-


s\ {Kln-¡p-hm\pw ]cn-Nn-´\w \S-¯p-hm ¯n\v t\sc-bp-ff It¿-ähpw, \nc-]-cm-[n-I-
\pw AXnÂ\n¶pw ]mT-apÄsIm-f-fp-hm\pw fmb AhÀ¡v t\sc Btcm-]W§-fpsS ic-
th−n-bm-Wv. P\-§Ä AXnsâ AÀ°w a\- hÀjw \S-¯p-I-bpamWvv. bYmÀ°¯nÂ
Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn\pw DÂ_p-²-cm-Ip-¶-Xn\pw Znhy-t_m-[-\-§-fpsS Bi-b-§Ä AhÀ a\-
th−n-bm-Wv kv]jvS-amb Ad-_n-`m-j-bn Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw, {]hm-N-I-Xz-Im-e-t¯m-S-Sp-¯-
Xm³ AXv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨-sX¶v Ah³ Ado- h-cm-b-Xn-\m-Xn-\m Ah-cXv kq£va-ambpw
bn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn¡p¶p. thZ-hm-Iy-§ {Kln-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX-h-cm-Wv. am{X-hp-a-Ã,
sf ]än-Nn-´n-¡p-hm³ th−n-bmWv kv]jvS- AhcmWv P\-§-fn AXn\v Gähpw AÀl-
amb Ad-_n -`m-j-bn AÃmlp AXv Ah-X- cm-bn-«p-f-f-hcpw. hnip²{KÙ-¯nsâbpw {]
cn-¸n-¨-sX¦nÂ, AXv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨pIn-«nb `m hm-N-I-N-cy-bp-sSbpw sXfn-hp-I-fn-eqsS AhÀ
j-¡mÀ¡v B `mj-bpsS ASnØm-\-¯n- a\-Ên-em-¡n-sb-Sp¯ Bib-§Ä sIm−v
Xs¶ kp{Km-ly-am-bncnt¡−Xv A\n-hm-cy- AhÀ AÃm-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-¨p. AXv AÃm-
am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. AXp-am-{X-a-Ã, AXnsâ AÀ lp-hn-¦Â\n-¶p-ff \nb-a-am-sW¶pw kXy-am-
°w AdnbpI Akm-[y-am-bn-«p-f-f-Xm-sW¦n b-Xm-sW¶pw AhÀ Dd-¨phn-iz-kn-¡pIbpw
 AXv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv Hcp ]mgv {Inb sNbvXp. Ah-cpsS Bcm-[y-\n-te-¡p-ff
am{X-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶p. Hcp kaq-l-¯n\v Ah-X- amÀKw AhÀ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-«p-s−-¶n-cn-s¡,
cn¨pIn«p¶ hmIy-§Ä bmsXmcp AÀ °-hp- k¼qÀW-hnti-j-W-§-tfm-sS-bpf-f-h-\m-Wv
an-ÃmsX tIh-em-£-c-§-fpsS Øm\-¯m- Ah-cp-sS- Bcm-[y-s\¶v AhÀ F§s\
sW¦n AXn {]-tbm-P-\-sam-¶p-an-ÃsÃm. Adn-bm-Xn-cn¡pw, AÃmlp Xsâ Zmk-
F¶mÂ, C§s\ A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv ·mÀ¡v Xs¶ ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xm-bn-«p-ff
kzlm-_n-I-fp-sSbpw Xm_n-D-I-fp-sSbpw Ah hN\§fpsS AÀ°-§Ä AhÀ F§s\
{Kln-¡m-Xn-cn¡pw.

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 142 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 143

Npcp-¡-¯n Cu \mep Cam-ap-I-fp-tSbpw ]n-¸n¡p-hm\pw Rm³ AÃm-lp-thmSv


hnizm-k-w JpÀ-B-\nepw kp¶-¯nepw h¶n- AIagnªv {]mÀ°n¡p-¶p.
«p-ff sXfnabmÀ¶ hnizm-kamWv.(A-Ãm-lp- Cu e£y-¯n\p ]n¶n AÃm-lp-hm-Wv.
hnâ hnti-j-W-§sf) hymJym-\n-¡p-¶-Xn- Ah³ \ap¡v aXn-bm-b-h\pw Gähpw \Ã
sâtbm \ntj-[n-¡n-¶-Xnsâtbm kmZr-iy- Imcy-Ø-\p-am-Wv. Ah-km-\s¯ \½psS
s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-sâtbm cq]w \ÂI-en-sâtbm {]mÀ°\: temI-c-£n-Xm-hmb AÃm-lp-hn-
bmsXmcp em©-\bpw Ie-cm¯ kwip-²- \mWv kÀÆ-kvXpXnbpw \½psS {]hm-N-I³
amb Dd-hn-S-¯n \n¶p-f-f-Xm-W-Xv. AÃm-lp-
hnsâ hnti-j-W-§-sf \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-h\pw apl-½-Zv(-)¡v AÃm-lp-hnsâ A\p-{K-lmjn-
kmZr-iy-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-h\pw bYmÀ°-¯nÂ, kp-IÄ hÀjn-¡s«.
krjvSn-IÄ¡p am{Xw tbmPn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-
«mWv ssZhn-I-hn-ti-j-W-§sf a\-Ên-em-¡p-
¶-Xv. CXm-I-s«, AÃm-lp-hnâ k¯-bntem .‫وآﺧﺮ دﻋﻮاﻧﺎ أن اﺤﻟﻤﺪ ﷲ رب اﻟﻌﺎﻤﻟﻦﻴ‬
KpW-§-fntem {]hÀ¯\§-fntem Ah-\p- .‫وﺻﻰﻠ اﷲ ﺒﻟ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﺤﻣﻤﺪ وﺒﻟ آ وﺻﺤﺒﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬
Xp-Ãy-ambn bmsXm-¶p-anà F¶ AÃmlp
ASn-bm-dp-IÄ¡v \ÂIn-bn-«p-ff {]Ir-Xn-
Úm-\-¯n\v hncp-²-hpam-Wv.
Cu teJ\w apkvenwIÄ¡v {]tbm-P-\-s¸-
Sp-hm\pw Htc hnizm-k-¯nepw amÀK-¯nepw
AYhm JpÀ-B-\n-sâbpw kp¶-¯n-sâbpw
hnizm-k-¯nepw apl-½-Zv(-)-bpsS amÀK-
¯nepw Ncy-bnepw AÃmlp Ahsc GtIm-

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 144 ‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 145

XmfpIfneqsS kzlm_¯ns\ Ipdn¨pÅ Camw 35


A_ql\o^bpsS ho£Ww
hnhÀ¯I¡pdn¸v 1 hN\imkv{Xs¯bpw aX¯nÂ
Ieln¡p¶Xns\bpw At±lw 37
BapJw 4 hntcm[n¡p¶p.
A²ymbw -1- : Cuam³ F¶ hnjbsamgnsI A²ymbw - 3 : Camw amenIv _v\p A\knsâ
aX¯nsâ auenI hnjb§fnseÃmw \mep 9 43
hnizmkw
CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmkw H¶p Xs¶.
Xulo-Zv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ 43
A²ymbw - - 2 : Camw A_ql\o^bpsS
14 JZvdv: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ. 50
hnizmkw
XuloZns\ kw_Ôn¨ At±l¯nsâ Cuam-³: At±-l-¯nsâ hm¡p-IÄ. 54
14
{]kvXmh\IÄ kzlm-_-¯v: At±l-¯nsâ ho£-Ww. 56
FIssZhmcm[\bnepÅ At±l ¯nsâ hN\imkv{X-hpw aXIe-lhpw At±lw
hnizmkhpw aX]camb XhÊpensâ 61
14 hntcm-[n-¡p-¶p.
hniZoIcWhpw \qX\ XhÊpensâ \nt-
j[hpw A²ymbw 4 : Camw im^n-Cu-bpsS hnizm-kw 67
AÃmlphnsâ kzn^m¯pIsf XuloZv: At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIÄ. 67
Øm]n¡pIbpw PlvanIsf JWvTn¡pIbpw 16 JZvdv: At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIÄ 88
sN¿p¶p.
Cuam-\ns\ kw_-Ôn¨ At±-l-¯nsâ 91
JZvdns\ Ipdn¨pÅ Camw A_ql\o^bpsS hm¡p-IÄ
26
hm¡pIÄ
kzlm-_-¯ns\ Ipdn¨v At±-l-¯nsâ A`n- 113
Cuam\ns\ kw_Ôn¨ Camw {]mbw:
33
A_ql\o^bpsS hm¡pIÄ
- h-N-\-im-kv{X-s¯bpw aX¯n Ie-ln-¡n-¶- 116

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä  \mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä 


‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ‬ 146

Xn-s\bpw At±lw hntcm-[-¡p-¶p.


A²ymbw 5: Camw AlvaZv C_v\pl¼-ensâ
119
hnizmkw
Xulo-Zns\ kw_-Ôn¨ At±-l-¯nsâ A`n-
119
{]mbw
JZvdns\ Ipdn-¨p-ff At±-l-¯nsâ A`n-
124
{]mbw
Cuam-\ns\ kw_-Ôn¨v At±-l-¯nsâ A`n-
127
{]mbw
kzlm-_-¯ns\ Ipdn-¨p-ff At±-l-¯nâ A`n-
130
{]mbw.
hN\imkv{X-t¯mSpw aX¯n Ie-ln¡p-¶-
133
Xn-t\m-Sp-ap-ff At±-l-¯nsâ hntcm-[w.
kam-]\w 137

\mev CamapIfpsSbpw hnizmk§Ä