This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

### Publishers

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Plug in x = 0, y = −1: e−1 + 0 = y + 1, y = e−1 − 1. b) If f (x) = (cos x)ln x then ln f = ln x ln(cos x). Diﬀerentiate the last equation: f (x) 1 1 ln(cos x) = ln(cos x) + ln x · (− sin x) = + ln x tan x, f (x) x cos x x f (x) = f (x) ln(cos x) ln(cos x) + ln x tan x = (cos x)ln x + ln x tan x . x x

c) Let f (x) =

x2

x , then +1 x2 + 1 − 2x2 1 − x2 1(x2 + 1) − x(2x) = = 2 . f (x) = (x2 + 1)2 (x2 + 1)2 (x + 1)2

Thus f (0) = 0 when 1 − x2 = 0, x = ±1. Since x = −1 is not in [0, 4], the only critical point in [0, 4] is x = 1. We evaluate f (0) = 0, f (1) = 1 1 4 4 = , f (4) = = . 1+1 2 16 + 1 17

The maximum value is 1/2 (at x = 1), and the minimum value is 0 (at x = 0). 2. a) We have cos x ≈ 1 − cos(−0.2) ≈ 1 − x2 (you can either remember it or derive it here). Hence 2

(−0.2)2 = 1 − 0.02 = 0.98. 2

M (0.2)3 , where M is a constant such that |(cos x) | ≤ M for 3! x between −0.2 and 0. We have (cos x) = (− sin x) = (− cos x) = sin x and | sin x| ≤ 1 1 1 for all x, hence we can take M = 1. Thus the error can be estimated by (0.2)3 = . 3! 150 b) The error is bounded by c) If f (x) = 3x then f (x) = 3x ln 3, f (x) = 3x (ln 3)2 , f (x) = 3x (ln 3)3 . Hence the third order Maclaurin polynomial is f (x) ≈ 1 + (ln 3)x + (ln 3)2 2 (ln 3)3 3 x + x . 2! 3!

3. Let y(t) denote the amount of material left after t years, measured in grams. Then y(t) = 100ekt for some k < 0. We know that y(1) = 80, hence 100ek = 80, ek = We wish to ﬁnd t such that y(t) = 40: 100ekt = 40, ekt = .4, kt = ln .4, t = ln .4 ln .4 = . k ln .8 80 = .8, k = ln(.8). 100

4. The water in the container has the shape of an inverted cone with height h cm and radius 2h cm at the top, where h is measured to be 50 cm. The volume of the water is V (h) = π(2h)2 h/3 = 4πh3 /3. The error in computing it based on the measured value of h is bounded by V (50)dh, where dh = 1. We have V (h) = 4π · 3h2 /3 = 4πh2 , so V (50) = 4 · 502 π = 10000π. Hence the error is at most 10000π · 1 = 10000π cm3 . 5. Let d(t) denote the distance between the boy and the ball, h(t) – the height of the ball, x(t) – the distance the boy has run from the starting point, where all distances are measured in meters and t is measured in seconds. Then d2 = h2 + x2 . Diﬀerentiate in t: 2dd = 2hh + 2xx , dd = hh + xx . We have h(t) = 38t − 16t2 , h (t) = 38 − 32t, x(t) = 3t, x (t) = 3. At t = 1, we have h(1) = 38 − 16 = 22, h (1) = 38 − 32 = 6, x(1) = 3, x (1) = 3, and √ √ d(1) = 222 + 32 = 484 + 9 = 493. Hence √ 141 . 493d (1) = 22 · 6 + 3 · 3 = 132 + 9 = 141, d (1) = √ 493

Since d (1) > 0, the distance is increasing.

Download

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

Restart preview

scribd