CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

............... 3 .If I ........ 9 ...... 2 . I . it .......... Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado.... 5 ... hubiese explicado el problema.. .. (leave) my job.... I .... I .... (be) sunny tomorrow. 4 ......... (go) to that restaurant...If you .......... habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem.. I .....If I ........If I .. I would have traveled around the world....) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle .. you ....... they ... (help) me with my homework.... (boil) water........ (arrive) late......... I would have understood it..... (be) in the semi -finals! 3....If England .(be) you......... I .If I . (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería....... Examples If I had won the lottery. (win) the lottery........... (help) you clean the kitchen........... (take) it to the nearest police station.If the 8 o´clock bus . (get to) work on time. my dinner in the oven please? 10 ... lo habría entendido.. we ........... (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street ........If I .. 7 ...... (tell) you what it´s like......... (arrive) late. I . the match tonight............. 6 .If it .... (evaporate) 8 -If you .(go) to the beach...... (learn) how to cook....EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 ..............

We're not going to get in for hours. Dad ««««««« take me. I think we'll get on well. ‡ Look at the queue.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. no. Use short forms where possible.' 'Is it? OK.' 'I«««««. I need Jenny's number.I'll call Jenny to let her know. ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee. ‡ The traffic is terrible. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank .open the window. be late. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No.. . I ««««. But it's a secret. 'I think'. . Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. I'm going to call her about the meeting. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky. ‡ The boss won't be very happy. thanks. Harry.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. We're going to miss our flight. Sarah. ‡ She'll probably be a great success. tell her. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. lend you some. 'possibly'.' 'OK.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday. utlizaremos going toµ.' 5 'Oh. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon. It' s going to be another warm day. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day. It's OK. 'I hope'.' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. 1 'It's hot in here.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. I«««««. ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. we«««stay with my parents.

this CD. (No deberiamos llegar tarde). (to have) 5) They ««««««««.15 next Wednesday. Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby. my mother«««««««««. I ««««««««««. (deberia trabajar mas). (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones.a new computer. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal. soon. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. (to get) 3) I think. Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June.at about 4 in the afternoon..you with the bags. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««..more hybrid cars.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««. a party next week. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. Should se usa para dar consejos..

.........(tell/teacher).capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should..........(tidy)..... 3.............. You.............. .... You ............. No you shouldn't....... You.................... I´ve got a headache............. My back hurts.. (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3.. I've got toothache...... Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late.... Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework...... 2............................... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder.......(drink/water).. 5. (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2..... EJERCICIO 1......... 4......... You. The house is very untidy......... I´ve forgotten my books.........(see/dentist)................ You.........(go/doctor's)...................... Se usa: 1...........

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