CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

...........If the 8 o´clock bus ... (help) me with my homework... (arrive) late....... I ...If I .....If I . it .............If I ..... (get to) work on time. we ... they ............. 6 ..If England ...... (leave) my job........ I would have traveled around the world.. 3 ......... the match tonight.. hubiese explicado el problema. 9 .... lo habría entendido.If I ..... 2 ... ............. (help) you clean the kitchen..........(be) you. I ... I ...) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle ..If I .......... habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem.. you ... (be) sunny tomorrow.......................... (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street ... 4 ..... 7 .....(go) to the beach.. (boil) water....... (tell) you what it´s like... (be) in the semi -finals! 3... (win) the lottery.... (take) it to the nearest police station... Examples If I had won the lottery.............. (go) to that restaurant.. (evaporate) 8 -If you .. I would have understood it....... (arrive) late.......If you . Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado.. 5 ...... (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. I ..... my dinner in the oven please? 10 .EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 ... I .....If it .. I .. (learn) how to cook...

‡ The boss won't be very happy. ‡ The traffic is terrible. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank . lend you some. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. Use short forms where possible. ‡ She'll probably be a great success.I'll call Jenny to let her know.open the window.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««. 'I hope'. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky. But it's a secret. 'possibly'. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day. thanks. We're not going to get in for hours.' 5 'Oh.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday. I«««««.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. .' 'I«««««. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon. tell her.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No. 'I think'. It' s going to be another warm day. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. ‡ Look at the queue. I'm going to call her about the meeting. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente.. Dad ««««««« take me. Sarah. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to. I need Jenny's number.' 'Is it? OK.' 'OK.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. be late. ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. . Harry. It's OK. we«««stay with my parents. I ««««. no. 1 'It's hot in here. We're going to miss our flight. ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. utlizaremos going toµ.' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. I think we'll get on well. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'.

more hybrid cars. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment..you with the bags. soon. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal.a new computer. (deberia trabajar mas).at about 4 in the afternoon. (No deberiamos llegar tarde). Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos. my mother«««««««««.15 next Wednesday. a party next week. Should se usa para dar consejos.. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««. Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. (to have) 5) They ««««««««. this CD. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««. (to get) 3) I think.. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««. I ««««««««««.

... I´ve forgotten my books...capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should..(tidy).......... You......(tell/teacher)............... ...... I´ve got a headache...........(drink/water).. 4.. The house is very untidy...... You........ Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework........ My back hurts.......... Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late...... (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2.........................................(go/doctor's).......(see/dentist).................... You ... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder... EJERCICIO 1...................... 5... I've got toothache................. (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3. 3. You........ Se usa: 1......... 2.............. You.......... No you shouldn't..............

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