CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

... we . I .... (help) you clean the kitchen..If the 8 o´clock bus ................. (take) it to the nearest police station............. (tell) you what it´s like.. 5 .....If I .. you .......... the match tonight..... habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem.......If I .If I ...... (help) me with my homework..If I .. (go) to that restaurant............... (win) the lottery... hubiese explicado el problema.... (boil) water... I would have understood it.. (arrive) late.. my dinner in the oven please? 10 ...If you ... (learn) how to cook..If England ... (leave) my job..... (be) sunny tomorrow.... they . 9 ........... 6 ... it .... lo habría entendido.. I ..If I .. (be) in the semi -finals! 3.........EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 .. (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería.(be) you....If it .. 4 ...... 3 ............. I ... (get to) work on time. ..(go) to the beach......... I ..) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle .................. I ..... Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado.... I .. Examples If I had won the lottery.................. (evaporate) 8 -If you ........ (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street . (arrive) late........ 2 . I would have traveled around the world...... 7 .

be late.' 5 'Oh. Dad ««««««« take me. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. we«««stay with my parents. ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. It' s going to be another warm day.. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente.' 'Is it? OK. We're going to miss our flight. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. Use short forms where possible. 'I hope'.open the window. ‡ The traffic is terrible. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon.' 'I«««««. ‡ The boss won't be very happy. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ .' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No.' 'OK. 'possibly'. thanks. utlizaremos going toµ.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. But it's a secret. I think we'll get on well. ‡ Look at the queue. I'm going to call her about the meeting. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky. . ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee. no.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. Harry. ‡ She'll probably be a great success.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday. I«««««. 'I think'. I ««««. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank . I need Jenny's number. lend you some.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. tell her.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. We're not going to get in for hours.I'll call Jenny to let her know. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. 1 'It's hot in here. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'. It's OK. Sarah. .

I ««««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««. (to have) 5) They ««««««««.15 next Wednesday.you with the bags. a party next week.. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones. soon.at about 4 in the afternoon... (to arrive) 6) Just a moment.a new computer.more hybrid cars. (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby. Should se usa para dar consejos. (deberia trabajar mas). Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June. this CD. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . my mother«««««««««. (to get) 3) I think. (No deberiamos llegar tarde). (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««. Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder.

. I´ve got a headache.. The house is very untidy............. 3............................ (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2.... (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3..... You.... You........... My back hurts....... ......... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder.....................(go/doctor's)..............(see/dentist)........... EJERCICIO 1..... No you shouldn't.........(tell/teacher)....................... 2. I´ve forgotten my books.......... Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework...... I've got toothache. You ... 4....... Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late..(tidy)......capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should................. Se usa: 1.. 5............ You................(drink/water)...... You...............

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful