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Primer y Segundo Condicional-2

Primer y Segundo Condicional-2

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Published by: ann27 on Oct 05, 2010
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08/19/2013

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CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

... (learn) how to cook. (be) sunny tomorrow.. I would have understood it....) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle . I .. (help) me with my homework..................... (help) you clean the kitchen.. (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. (win) the lottery.. Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado...... (arrive) late. (get to) work on time...... 3 ............ (arrive) late. 2 ..... 9 . (evaporate) 8 -If you ...... lo habría entendido.....(be) you.. I .........If I . (leave) my job..If I . it .. I would have traveled around the world.. I .......If you . (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street ...... (boil) water. 4 ......... my dinner in the oven please? 10 ...... I ...If I ......... I ..EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 .... (tell) you what it´s like.. 5 .... (take) it to the nearest police station............. they ....If England .. (be) in the semi -finals! 3.......If I ....... the match tonight...If it ....... Examples If I had won the lottery........... habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem.............. I . you .... hubiese explicado el problema...... 6 .. 7 .(go) to the beach...........If the 8 o´clock bus . ................... we ...... (go) to that restaurant.If I .......

'I hope'. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. 'I think'. I ««««.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. utlizaremos going toµ. ‡ I'm sure you'll like her.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day. 1 'It's hot in here. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee. ‡ She'll probably be a great success. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'.I'll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah. We're going to miss our flight. Dad ««««««« take me. It's OK.' 'OK. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky.open the window.. Use short forms where possible. 'possibly'. ‡ The traffic is terrible.' 'I«««««. tell her. ‡ Look at the queue.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No. .' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . we«««stay with my parents. I think we'll get on well.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday. I need Jenny's number.' 5 'Oh.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. I«««««. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. But it's a secret. It' s going to be another warm day. . ‡ The boss won't be very happy. Harry. be late. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente. no. thanks. We're not going to get in for hours. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank . lend you some. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon.' 'Is it? OK. I'm going to call her about the meeting. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««.

I ««««««««««.15 next Wednesday. my mother«««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««.you with the bags.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««.. Should se usa para dar consejos.. (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal.more hybrid cars. soon. (to get) 3) I think. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. (deberia trabajar mas).a new computer. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. (No deberiamos llegar tarde).at about 4 in the afternoon.. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby. (to have) 5) They ««««««««. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««. a party next week. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment. this CD. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June. Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos.

.... I´ve forgotten my books.... 5........ You........ Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder................................................................ You.............. Se usa: 1.................. The house is very untidy... EJERCICIO 1.......... You.......(drink/water)........ ....(tidy).. I've got toothache.... No you shouldn't....... 4.(tell/teacher)........ (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3...............(go/doctor's)........... I´ve got a headache..........capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should.... (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2............ 2. My back hurts...... You ........... 3.. Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework.............. You..... Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late....(see/dentist)..

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