CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

If I .......If England ..... 3 ... (arrive) late.... it ... 9 .... 6 ..... (help) you clean the kitchen..... we ............ I ...... I . (take) it to the nearest police station........ habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem...... they ............ I .. (be) in the semi -finals! 3. Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado................ (leave) my job...If I ..... I would have understood it. I .... 5 ..... hubiese explicado el problema...........If the 8 o´clock bus ..) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle .... (get to) work on time.....If I .. Examples If I had won the lottery.. I ........ 7 .(be) you. I would have traveled around the world... (go) to that restaurant.......EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 . you .............. (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería........(go) to the beach.. (tell) you what it´s like.. I ... (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street .... (win) the lottery... (learn) how to cook.....If it .. the match tonight. (evaporate) 8 -If you ....... 4 ............ (be) sunny tomorrow.... (help) me with my homework..If I ............ 2 .... (boil) water.. (arrive) late. my dinner in the oven please? 10 .... .......If I ......... lo habría entendido.If you ........

‡ She'll probably be a great success. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to.' 5 'Oh. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon. 'I think'. We're going to miss our flight. I need Jenny's number. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. ‡ Look at the queue. . ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank . I'm going to call her about the meeting.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No.' 'Is it? OK. Harry.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'. But it's a secret.open the window. We're not going to get in for hours. we«««stay with my parents.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. lend you some. utlizaremos going toµ.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday.' 'I«««««. 'I hope'. I think we'll get on well. ‡ The traffic is terrible. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky. tell her. 'possibly'. I ««««.I'll call Jenny to let her know. Dad ««««««« take me. Use short forms where possible. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. thanks.' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . Sarah. . ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. be late. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. 1 'It's hot in here. ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee. It's OK. I«««««. It' s going to be another warm day. no.' 'OK. ‡ The boss won't be very happy.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««.

(No deberiamos llegar tarde). (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««. (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby.you with the bags. a party next week. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««. (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal.a new computer.15 next Wednesday. (to have) 5) They ««««««««.at about 4 in the afternoon. Should se usa para dar consejos. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment. Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (deberia trabajar mas). (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June..more hybrid cars.. (to get) 3) I think. Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos.. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . this CD. my mother«««««««««. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. I ««««««««««. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. soon. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones.

....... .. Se usa: 1.....................(see/dentist).................. You.(go/doctor's).......................... I've got toothache........... You ......... My back hurts.. EJERCICIO 1......... 3............. You.. I´ve forgotten my books....... Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework................... You............. (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2...... 5....... No you shouldn't.. (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3.. You. The house is very untidy..... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder...................... 4........ Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late..... 2....................(drink/water)......capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should...(tell/teacher).(tidy).................... I´ve got a headache...

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