CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

(tell) you what it´s like... I would have understood it.... (be) in the semi -finals! 3...... (be) sunny tomorrow..... you .......EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 .......... (win) the lottery.... ................. I .................If I ..... Examples If I had won the lottery. (help) you clean the kitchen...... they ..... I .... (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street ...... I ...If I . 5 .If you ..... (evaporate) 8 -If you .. lo habría entendido............... 9 ..... 4 . (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería..... the match tonight. we .. hubiese explicado el problema.... my dinner in the oven please? 10 .If I .......(go) to the beach... it ........ I .. (arrive) late.... Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado...... 3 ......If England ..... (arrive) late.(be) you..... habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem..If it .. (learn) how to cook.. (get to) work on time...If the 8 o´clock bus ......If I .. I . I would have traveled around the world........................... (boil) water......... 6 ..) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle ........ (help) me with my homework.. 2 ...If I .. (leave) my job. (go) to that restaurant... I ...... 7 ... (take) it to the nearest police station.....

But it's a secret. I«««««. Sarah.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No. I think we'll get on well. 'I hope'. I'm going to call her about the meeting. I need Jenny's number.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday.' 5 'Oh. . ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'. It' s going to be another warm day. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day. 'I think'. utlizaremos going toµ. We're going to miss our flight. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank .' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . ‡ Look at the queue. ‡ She'll probably be a great success.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. we«««stay with my parents. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. ‡ The boss won't be very happy.WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years. Use short forms where possible.' 'OK. Dad ««««««« take me. lend you some. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time. tell her.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««.' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente.' 'Is it? OK. . ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. thanks. Harry. We're not going to get in for hours. una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. 1 'It's hot in here. be late. ‡ The traffic is terrible..open the window.' 'I«««««. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon. 'possibly'. no.I'll call Jenny to let her know. It's OK. I ««««. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky.

Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos. this CD.a new computer. my mother«««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««. (deberia trabajar mas). Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones. soon. (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal.more hybrid cars.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««.you with the bags. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June. Should se usa para dar consejos.. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««.. (to get) 3) I think. a party next week. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . (to have) 5) They ««««««««. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««.15 next Wednesday.at about 4 in the afternoon. (No deberiamos llegar tarde). (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby. I ««««««««««..

......... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder.. I´ve got a headache. 3......... No you shouldn't........ You..(go/doctor's). The house is very untidy............... ....................(tell/teacher)..... You .....................(tidy). I've got toothache.. 4......... 2. Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late..................... You..... (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2...... I´ve forgotten my books.......... (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3......(drink/water)...... Se usa: 1....... 5...........(see/dentist)..... EJERCICIO 1............................. You......... My back hurts.........capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should............................ You.......... Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework...

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