CERO, PRIMER, SEGUNDO Y TERCER CONDICIONAL

0. Zero Conditional: Para describir rutinas o hechos generales
Example If I leave the house at 8am, I catch the bus at 8.15am (this always happens = zero condition)

If + Present simple or continuous + subject + present simple

1. First Conditional: Para describir situaciones probables y resultados posibles
Examples If I see Peter, I´ll give him your message. If it´s raining when I leave the office tonight, I´ll get a taxi home.

If + present simple or present continuous + subject + will + infinitive

2. Second Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias o muy poco probables y el resultado.
Examples If I won the lottery, I would (or I´d) leave my job and travel around the world. (unlikely) If I were you, I´d apply for a new job. (imaginary)

If + past simple + subject + would + infinitive

IMPORTANTE - Uso del infinitivo sin TO después de WILL y WOULD.
- En el Segundo condicional usar siempre WERE en lugar de WAS para TODAS las personas. - If I were you...

.. my dinner in the oven please? 10 ............ I .. (boil) water............ I would have understood it..If I . (go) to that restaurant.....) (Si ella me if + past perfect + conditional perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle ............. (take) it to the nearest police station.. 4 .... (help) me with my homework......... 6 ... 3 ... 2 ..... (get to) work on time............ (Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. we .EJERCICIO Rellena los huecos con la forma correcta del condicional 1 . Examples If I had won the lottery.. Third Conditional: Para describir situaciones imaginarias del pasado...If I ..... (arrive) late...If it . ........ (help) you clean the kitchen..If I ........ (tell) you what it´s like.If the 8 o´clock bus . the match tonight.. lo habría entendido...... I .... they ....... I ..... it . (be) sunny tomorrow......... (be) in the semi -finals! 3.........If I . hubiese explicado el problema..If England .... I ..... (learn) how to cook..... 5 .. (leave) my job.(go) to the beach............ I would have traveled around the world............ habría viajado por todo el mundo) If she had explained me the problem.....If I .. I ............. (arrive) late.. 9 .. (win) the lottery.......If you ... 7 .... (find) an envelope with a lot of money in it in the street .. (evaporate) 8 -If you .........(be) you..... you ......... I ........

no. ‡ The boss won't be very happy. be late.' ¡ ¡   ¡ ¡ . una vez la decision ha sido tomada utilizamos going toµ para hablar de ella. ‡ She'll probably be a great success. En el momento de tomar la decision se utiliza willµ.I'll call Jenny to let her know. we«««stay with my parents. I'm goin g to have a drink with Simon. ‡ I'm sure you'll like her. I haven't got any money! I'll have to go to the bank .WILL & GOING TO Cuando queremos hablar sobre hechos futuros o cosas sobre las que creemos estar seguros utilizamos will µ ‡ The President will serve for four years.' 3 'Why are you driving so fast?' 'Because we«««««. ‡ Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.' 'Is it? OK. We're going to miss our flight. ‡ I hope you'll visit me in my home one day. 'I think'. thanks. EJERCICIO A) Complete the conversations with the correct form of will or going to. I'm going to call her about the meeting. Si haces una predicción del futuro basada en una evidencia en el presente. . Dad ««««««« take me. Use short forms where possible. utlizaremos going toµ.I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. ‡ I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time.' 'I«««««. I ««««. It' s going to be another warm day. I need Jenny's number. Harry.' 'OK.' 4 'We're going to Paris for Sylvia's birthday. ‡ Not a cloud in the sky. 1 'It's hot in here. ‡ The traffic is terrible.' 6 'Do you want me to give you a lift to the station?' 'No. .' 2 'Have you decided what you're doing at Christmas?' 'Yes. tell her. But it's a secret. We're not going to get in for hours. Si no estamos tan seguros sobre el futuro. lend you some. It's OK.. I think we'll get on well. 'possibly'. 'I hope'.open the window. I«««««. ‡ Look at the queue. Sarah. utilizamos willµ con expresiones como 'probably'.' 5 'Oh.

this CD. Negativos Se usa shouldn't con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it + shouldn' t + infinitivo sin to we they EJEMPLO: We shouldn't arrive late. (to get) 3) I think. se forma: Afirmativos Se usa should + el infinitivo sin to Se usa should con todas las personas sin cambiar su forma I you he/she/it we they + should + infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: He should work harder. (to have) 5) They ««««««««. Es decir se usan con otros verbos para expresar diferentes funciones. (No deberiamos llegar tarde).. (to throw) 9) We ««««««««««to Venice in June. (to fly) 10) Look at the clouds! It ««««««««««««. a party next week. soon.a new computer. Should se usa para dar consejos.15 next Wednesday. (to rain) SHOULD Should es un verbo modal. (to be) 2) They «««««««««««. (to help) 7) In 2020 people «««««««««««.you with the bags. my mother«««««««««. (to arrive) 6) Just a moment. I ««««««««««.at about 4 in the afternoon. (to buy) 8) Marvin ««««««««««««.B) Complete with will and going to 1) Philipp«««««««...more hybrid cars. Preguntas Should + sujeto + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO: Should I study this chapter for the exam? (¿Deberia estudiar este . Verbos modales 'ayudan' a otros verbos. (deberia trabajar mas). (to like) 4) Paul's sister ««««««««« a baby.

..(drink/water).... 5...... (deberias hacer tus deberes) 2.............. You........ 4.... EJERCICIO 1... No you shouldn't............... (creo que deberias trabajar más) 3. Para hablar del pasado se usa should have + verbo infinitivo sin to EJEMPLO You should have told me you were going to arrive late....................... I've got toothache....... I´ve forgotten my books..........(go/doctor's)......(tidy)....... I´ve got a headache................ My back hurts.............(tell/teacher)................(see/dentist)..... The house is very untidy.............................................. You.. You .............................. 3..... 2. You.... Para expresar tu opinion sobre lo que alguien deberia hacer en una situación EJEMPLO I think you should work harder...capitulo para el examen?) Repuestas cortas Should I go to the party? Yes you should.... Se usa: 1. You.. ......... Para dar consejos EJEMPLO You should do your homework....