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OOPS Interview Questions
1) Explain the rationale behind Object Oriented concepts? Object oriented concepts form the base of all modern programming languages. Understanding the basic concepts of object-orientation helps a developer to use various modern day programming languages, more effectively.
2) Explain about Object oriented programming? Object oriented programming is one of the most popular methodologies in software development. It offers a powerful model for creating computer programs. It speeds the program development process, improves maintenance and enhances reusability of programs.
3) Explain what is an object? An object is a combination of messages and data. Objects can receive and send messages and use messages to interact with each other. The messages contain information that is to be passed to the recipient object.
4) Explain the implementation phase with respect to OOP? The design phase is followed by OOP, which is the implementation phase. OOP provides specifications for writing programs in a programming language. During the implementation phase, programming is done as per the requirements gathered during the analysis and design phases.
5) Explain about the Design Phase? In the design phase, the developers of the system document their understanding of the system. Design generates the blue print of the system that is to be implemented. The first step in creating an object oriented design is the identification of classes and their relationships.
6) Explain about a class? Class describes the nature of a particular thing. Structure and modularity is provided by a Class in object oriented programming environment. Characteristics of the class should be understandable by an ordinary non programmer and it should also convey the meaning of the problem statement to him. Class acts like a blue print.
7) Explain about instance in object oriented programming? Every class and an object have an instance. Instance of a particular object is created at runtime. Values defined for a particular object define its State. Instance of an object explains the relation ship between different elements.
8) Explain about inheritance? Inheritance revolves around the concept of inheriting knowledge and class attributes from the parent class. In general sense a sub class tries to acquire characteristics from a parent class and they can also have their own characteristics. Inheritance forms an important concept in object oriented programming.
9) Explain about multiple inheritance? Inheritance involves inheriting characteristics from its parents also they can have their own characteristics. In multiple inheritance a class can have characteristics from multiple parents or
11) Explain about abstraction? Abstraction simplifies a complex problem to a simpler problem by specifying and modeling the class to the relevant problem scenario. It simplifies the problem by giving the class its specific class of inheritance. 10) Explain about encapsulation? Encapsulation passes the message without revealing the exact functional details of the class. --------1) Explain what is object oriented programming language? Object oriented programming language allows concepts such as modularity. the only condition being that those methods should perform different function. These DBMS use object oriented languages to make the process easier. Hence it can be used any number of times. Perl. When an object belonging to different data types respond to methods which have a same name. A sub class can have characteristics from multiple parents and still can have its own characteristics. Languages such as Python. In parametric polymorphism code is written without any specification for the type of data present. Overriding polymorphism is generally used in complex projects where the use of a parameter is more. It makes different classes and objects to interact with each other thus making the problem to be solved automatically.P age |2 classes. It allows only the relevant information to the user without revealing the functional mechanism through which a particular class had functioned. etc use OOP. Composition also helps in solving the problem to an extent. For example an addition operator can perform different functions such as addition. Simula is credited to be the first object oriented language. 12) Explain the mechanism of composition? Composition helps to simplify a complex problem into an easier problem. Still many languages prefer to use DOM based languages due to the ease in coding. 15) Explain about object oriented databases? Object oriented databases are very popular such as relational database management systems. float addition etc. PHP. Ruby. Ruby on rails. Object oriented databases systems use specific structure through which they extract data and they combine the data for a specific output. 13) Explain about polymorphism? Polymorphism helps a sub class to behave like a parent class. It interacts with the problem by making different classes and objects to send a message to each other. 17) What are all the languages which support OOP? There are several programming languages which are implementing OOP because of its close proximity to solve real life problems. encapsulation. Objects are RaSu RaSu . 14) Explain about overriding polymorphism? Overriding polymorphism is known to occur when a data type can perform different functions. polymorphism and inheritance. 16) Explain about parametric polymorphism? Parametric polymorphism is supported by many object oriented languages and they are very important for object oriented techniques. Coldfusion.
P age |3 said to be the most important part of object oriented language. C#. LISP. classes. 9) Explain about inheritance in OOPS? Objects in one class can acquire properties of the objects in other classes by way of inheritance. ECMA Script. PHP. characters. 3) A good framework is provided which facilitates in creating rich GUI applications. It acts like a messenger from one object to other object to convey specific instructions. RaSu RaSu . Popularity of these languages has increased considerably as they can solve complex problems with ease. It implements virtual machine. This is also known as interfacing. Tcl. It lacks implementation of polymorphism on message arguments which is a OOPs feature. Ruby. 2) Ease of maintenance and modification to the existing objects can be done with ease. modules. Code written in Java can be transported to many different platforms without changing it. 2) Repeatable solution to a problem can cause concern and disagreements and it is one of the major problems in software design. Perl. etc. VB. 5) Explain about message passing in object oriented programming? Message passing is a method by which an object sends data to another object or requests other object to invoke method. Reusability which is a major factor is provided in object oriented programming which adds features to a class without modifying it. 6) State about Java and its relation to Object oriented programming? Java is widely used and its share is increasing considerably which is partly due to its close resemblance to object oriented languages such as C and C++. Concept revolves around making simulation programs around an object. They were designed to facilitate and implement object oriented methods. Abstract design can be implemented in object oriented programming languages. prototypes. 3) Explain about UML? UML or unified modeling language is regarded to implement complete specifications and features of object oriented language. blocks. Python. etc. It does have a clear interface. 7) What are the problems faced by the developer using object oriented programming language? These are some of the problems faced by the developer using object oriented language they are: 1) Object oriented uses design patterns which can be referred to as anything in general. New class can be obtained from a class which is already present. C++. 8) State some of the advantages of object oriented programming? Some of the advantages of object oriented programming are as follows: 1) A clear modular structure can be obtained which can be used as a prototype and it will not reveal the mechanism behind the design. 2) Name some languages which have object oriented language and characteristics? Some of the languages which have object oriented languages present in them are ABAP. 4) Explain the meaning of object in object oriented programming? Languages which are called as object oriented almost implement everything in them as objects such as punctuations.
17) Explain about the analysis phase? The anlaysis or the object oriented analysis phase considers the system as a solution to a problem in its environment or domain.P age |4 10) Explain about the relationship between object oriented programming and databases? Object oriented programming and relational database programming are almost similar in software engineering. A class defines the characteristics of an object and its behaviors. 14) Explain what a method is? A method will affect only a particular object to which it is specified. RDBMS will not store objects directly and that¶s where object oriented programming comes into play. 12) Explain the usage of encapsulation? Encapsulation specifies the different classes which can use the members of an object. it logically follows that the object oriented approach models the real world accurately. This facilitates easy changes to the code and features. RaSu RaSu . 13) Explain about abstraction? Abstraction can also be achieved through composition. Critical requirements needs to be identified. The object oriented approach allows you to identify entities as objects having attributes and behavior. The main goal of encapsulation is to provide an interface to clients which decrease the dependency on those features and parts which are likely to change in future. 11) Explain about a class in OOP? In Object oriented programming usage of class often occurs. Code for a class should be encapsulated. Methods are verbs meaning they define actions which a particular object will perform. Object relational mapping is one such solution. It also defines various other characteristics of a particular object. This defines the nature and functioning of a specified object to which it is assigned. 15) Name the different Creational patterns in OO design? There are three patterns of design out of which Creational patterns play an important role the various patterns described underneath this are: 1) Factory pattern 2) Single ton pattern 3) Prototype pattern 4) Abstract factory pattern 5) Builder pattern 16) Explain about realistic modeling? As we live in a world of objects. It solves a complex problem by defining only those classes which are relevant to the problem and not involving the whole complex code into play. Developer concentrates on obtaining as much information as possible about the problem.
There is also a disadvantage when we are using C++ templates. It is a general practice among programmers to allow only partial functions which can help in designing to be public while the rest of the code is made into private or protected. This is possible only when there are many similarities in the number of parameters. 7) Explain Encapsulation and differentiate with regards to C. In multiple inheritance a derived class or an unrelated class can obtain function of the base class. restricting access to certain members of the class to methods of the class itself. the C++ language implements the concept of information hiding. add. This increasingly becomes difficult to process during the run time. At this point of time virtual member functions comes to rescue. numerator and denominator and seven method members. 3) Define about template in C++ and instantiation? The C++ feature that supports the definition of an object of undetermined type is called a template. Using a template allows the programmer to define the features of the class. In Encapsulation you can restrict the access of the functions to Public. In this process it can obtain multiple inheritance. 5) Explain about rational class? Rational class contains two data members. The creation of a class of a particular type is called instantiation. while reserving the option of binding the type of the class to the class itself until a class of a particular type is actually needed. object. This is used to create real time applications. 8) Explain multiple inheritances in C++? Multiple inheritances in C++ are a controversial issue. etc. 6) Explain about Templates in C++? C++ templates are used to optimize code. a C++ class is a collection of named fields and methods that apply to objects of that class type. multiply. The methods in the class Rational explicitly mention only one. reduce. ANSI C++ is the updated and advanced version than the earlier versions of C++. Libraries and functions are updated in ANSI C++ compared to the earlier versions. 2) State the difference between the structure for C and C++? The main difference between the structure of C and C++ is. functions and methods. equal. 9) Explain about virtual member functions of C++? Virtual member functions come into play when a function belonging to a derived class over rides a base class.P age |5 C++ Interview Questions 1) Contrast and state the difference between visual c++ and ANSI c++? Visual C++ deals with graphical user interface and is the most advanced IDE for creating complex applications. 4) Define and explain about the classes in C++ comparing with C? A C++ class builds on the concept of a structure. Additionally. and set rational. they tend to duplicate themselves and get installed which slows down the functioning of the program. This can benefit as well as destroy the structure of the program. etc. private and Protected which is not possible in C. divide. This overwhelming task is made easy by RaSu RaSu . A derived class or unrelated class may obtain more than one base class. They are very powerful as they help the program by providing various classes. Whereas a C structure is a collection of named fields. Encapsulation is an entirely new concept which is present in C++ but not in C. C struct can contain only data and C++ has access limitations and contains functions such as public. This is avoided in Java. print. function definition. This is because the class object for which they are invoked is an implicit parameter for each routine. private.
This forms a image of the specific class and also pointer pointed or the pointer itself is not checked. After the try block a catch function is placed through which exception handlers are declared. etc. 10) Explain the basic steps to parse a C++ source code? The main difficulty to parse a C++ code lies in the complex definitions of C++ identifiers. This exception throws error when the condition is not satisfied. This transfers pointers. 13) Explain about exceptions and its relation to handlers? This function is used for exceptional circumstances and this is made possible by handlers.P age |6 virtual functions tables. Static_cast makes sure that atleast classes and objects are completed. 16) Explain about explicit conversion within C++ and its supportability? This explicit conversion is required where there is different interpretation on value. These data elements are collectively RaSu RaSu . 14) Explain about static_cast? Static cast is very helpful for conversions from pointers to related class and also from derived class to base class. This exception handler is placed in the code which throws exception and error. This class provides flexibility in converting a string based object to stream. characters. This is useful in extraction and insertion of numerical. Also they should define what type it is and to what type it belongs to. 19) What exactly a data structure performs in C++? A data structure is a collection of data elements under one name. To access these name spaces we can use scope operator. It should also satisfy the basic criteria of parsing source code. significant runtime errors get reduced with this implicit conversion because it accepts values which are compatible. 17) Explain about implicit conversion in relation to C++? Implicit conversion does not require any operator for performing its function. it should be compatible. It doesn¶t have language features to create multi threaded software. strings. This handler is placed in a try block in which throw function is present. 15) Explain about reinterpret_cast? Reinterpret_cast is platform specific. It automatically performs when a value is copied to the code. This has its disadvantages such as programmer should ensure that the object specified is being moved to its destination. This also aids in insertion. This is useful to extract a specific numerical from a string. This allows conversions between bool to numerical types. The only exception being. 11) Explain about different problems which C++ faces today. Also this language is unruly compared to modern languages such as Java which has both object oriented and procedural programming. etc under one name which helps you to access it at later stage. functions. 18) Explain about the class string stream? This string stream class is defined by a standard header file . The code generated for reinterpret_cast is generated for the platform which makes it not useful for inter operability. This static_cast is also helpful to convert base class to derived class. This can lead doors to security lapses. irrespective of classes. They should also satisfy complex scoping rules for C++. During name space naming there arises difficulty when a function uses the same name which causes redefinition errors. pointer conversions. The main problem which C++ faces today is because of its large feature set. There are two different types of explicit conversion such as c like casting and functional. 12) Explain about name spaces? Namespaces help you to group classes. This explicit conversion can be applied indiscriminately on the code which significantly increases errors during run time. and etc. It is almost similar to C language because of which much of the criticism faced by ³C´ is faced by C++.
First a format specifier defines the type of data to be entered. (While answering this question you can specify the approximate value raised to power). 4) What are the maximum and minimum possible ranges of values for long and short type? If the int variable is created by default as a µlong¶ type it typically will have a possible range of values from a maximum of +214748347 and a minimum of -2147483648. Variables declared internally inside a function are known as µlocal¶ variables. µlocal variables¶ and µglobal variables¶? The extent to which a variable is accessible in a program is called the µvariable scope¶. This problem can be mitigated if we can manually specify the memory location by using a reference operator. 20) I am getting an error at runtime for an oversized array but it never shows it as a fault during debugging? In C++ it is very correct syntactically to declare over sized array. 7) Explain about register variables relative to compiler? A register variable declaration informs the compiler that the specified variable will be heavily used by the program. Structure types are defined by structure_name and object_name contains valid identifiers.P age |7 known as members and they can have variable lengths and types. then the name of the variable in which the input will be stored. The intention is for the compiler to place register variables in the machine register of the computer to speed access times. These are known as µsigned¶ values. Automatically pointers assign the variable to a certain location and when it tries to extract during extraction it fails thus creating error. 6) What are signed values? When an int variable is declared it can by default contain either positive of negative integer values. Local internal variables can only be declared as register variables. 8) State some significant uses of arrays in C programming? One of the most significant uses of arrays in c programming concerns with their ability to store strings RaSu RaSu . C Interview Questions 1) Name the four basic data types in ³C´ language? The four basic data types in ³c´ language are as follows (i) Char (ii) Int (iii) Float (iv) Double 2) Describe at least five different format specifiers? %d: -An integer whole number %f: -a floating point number %c: -a single character %p: -a machine memory address 3) Define and explain scanf () function? The Scanf () function can be used to get input into a program and it requires two arguments. The answer lies in pointers. Structure_name and object_name are two important types defined in C++. The range of positive values is determined by your system. This scanf () function is responsible for giving input into the program. It also never shows you any error during compilation but it shows error during run time. 5) What exactly is a µvariable scope¶. Variables declared externally outside a function are known as µglobal¶ variables. For µshort¶ type these are the maximum and minimum values +327676 and minimum -32768.
or as strings or as formatted data. If there is no matches between two strings then a difference of the two non matching values are returned according to ASCII values. Constants defined with a #define directive can be undefined with the #undef directive. instead of sending the output to the screen as printf() does. Writing a buffer full of data resembles the fwrite() function. Each element in an array of the char data type can store a single character. It returns the inverse value of the given operand so if the variable ³c´ had a value of true then! C would return value of false. and another for storing number of pages. 1) one array for storing names. The constants can be assigned any individual value but the following constant will always increment it by one. Adding the special null character escape sequence in the arrays final element promotes the array to string. Optionally the declaration can include a name for the sequence after the enum keyword. 16) How do you write data to low level disk I/O? In low level disk I/O. The not operator is very much useful in C programs because it can change the value of variables with successful iterations. 10) Explain about the constants which help in debugging? A #if directive test can be offered with #else and #else if directives. It can be referenced using the array name and can be displayed using the %s format specifier. the order of precedence determines whether the addition or the multiplication is completed first. The name assigned can be used to call the function again at later stage. 2) Use a structure variable. data cannot be written as individual characters. A structure contains a number of data types grouped together. in the expression a=6+b*3. These commands can be useful when debugging problem code to hide and unhide sections of the program. Strcmp() function compares two strings to find out whether they are the same or different. This allows conditional branching of the program to run sections of the code according to the result.P age |8 of text. 9) What is enum used for and state its format? The enum keyword provides a handy way to create a sequence of integer constants in a concise manner. another array for storing prices. whichever occurs first. this function writes the output to an array of characters. There is only one way data can be written to read in low level disk I/O functions as buffer full of bytes. 12) What is operator precedence? Operator precedence defines the order in which C evaluates expressions. a value of zero is returned. The two strings are compared character by character until there is a mismatch or end of one of the strings is reached.g. its contents can be displayed on the screen. RaSu RaSu . The constant names follow with a comma and placed within braces. These data types may or may not be of the same type. 11) Define and explain about! Operator? The logical operator! NOT is a unary operator that is used before a single operand. This ensures that on each pass the value is changed. 13) Explain about the functions strcat() and strcmp()? This function concatenates the source string at the end of the target string. 15) State the difference between sprint () and sscanf() Functions? The sprint() function works similar to the printf() function except for one small difference. If in case two strings are identical.g. Operators on the same row have equal precedence. The #ifdef directive has a companion directive #ifndef. 14) Why do we use structures? We use structures for different purposes which are 1) Construct individual arrays E. e. Once str has been built.
This pointer writes the record where the pointer is currently places. Fread(): . 18) State the difference between Unions and structures? Both structures and unions are used to group a number of different variables together. WS_CAPTION. These are the following rules while constructing real constants 1) A real constant must have at least one digit 2) It must have a decimal point 3) It could be wither positive or negative 4) Default sign is positive 5) No commas or blanks are allowed within a real constant. 20) What are the rules for constructing real constants? Real constants are often called Floating point constants. WS_THICKFRAME. 19) What are the different styles present in WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW? The different styles present in windows are WS_OVERLAPPED. Fseek(): .Function lets us move the pointer from one record to another. a pointer is set up which points to the first record in the file. All these macros are #defined in the µwindows. The real constants could be written in two forms fractional form and exponential form. RaSu RaSu . Fwrite(): -The pointer moves to the beginning of the next record on closing the file the pointer is deactivated. But while a structure enables us treat a number of different variables stored at different places in memory.h¶ header file. fread().On opening a file.P age |9 17) Define these functions fopen(). and WS_MAXIMIZEBOX. a union enables us to treat the same space in memory as a number of different variables.The pointer moves to the next record while reading a file. It always reads the file where the pointer is pointed. WS_MINIMIZEBOX. fwrite() and fseek()? Fopen(): .
33% software and scripts vulnerability PHP amounts to almost quarter of them. object was fully copied before assigning a variable to a method. 8) Explain about PHP cookies? A Cookie is placed on the user desktop which uniquely identifies the user and every time a user views the webpage the same cookie is retrieved. Some of the features which are incorporated are restricted classes such as private and public. and hexadecimal notations can be easily assigned to integers. Logging functions pave the way for users to use log applications and send messages to system logs. PHP accelerator increases the speed of the applications by decreasing parsing each and every time a PHP application runs. These functions can be defined at runtime by defining them inside the code. octal. 5) Explain about objects in PHP? In previous versions of PHP.P a g e | 10 PHP Interview Questions 1) What exactly is PHP ? PHP is also known as personal home page. Floating point notation and two forms of scientific notation can be easily assigned to Real numbers. Register_globals a feature present in PHP is responsible for most of these vulnerabilities and now it is deprecated by PHP. The information transmitted through this GET variable is viewable by everyone and is displayed in the address bar of the browser. Decimal. Unsigned integers can be easily converted to signed integers. RaSu RaSu . Most of these security vulnerabilities occur due to poor programming techniques. 7) Explain about the $_GET variable of PHP? This GET variable is executed when a request is sent from the user for information. constructors and destructors with exception handling borrowed from C++. 9) Describe about PHP error and logging information? Error handling function allows the user to detect the error and do necessary changes which paved the way for the error. Zero is considered as false and all non zero numbers are considered as true. Out of 33. A maximum of 100 characters is sent by the GET variable. 6) What is a PHP accelerator? PHP accelerator increases the speed of applications written in PHP. abstract and final classes. PHP is used for producing dynamic WebPages. 3) Explain about the data types in PHP? PHP stores information numerical in a platform dependent range. abstract and final methods. Many of the features present in PHP 5 are adopted from C++. With PHP a programmer can create and retrieve information simultaneously. It depends upon factors such as time taken for execution of the PHP script and the actual percentage of the source code requested. This GET gets executed on the server and then information is sent back to the user. This problem was solved in new versions of PHP by the handle function. 2) Describe about the security vulnerability of PHP? According to the information obtained from the National vulnerability database. standalone and for graphical applications. Functions can be called or referenced by specifying their name. This is released under PHP license and is considered to be free software. This language can be used for varied types of scripting such as server side scripting. These functions have to be defined inside the parenthesis except for a class constructor function where there is no argument. PHP has more than quarter of the software vulnerabilities discovered in 2008. 4) Explain about Functions in PHP? PHP has a large pool of functions and a huge number of them can be created by extensions. This boost of performance can be around 2-10 times. The setcookie() function is used to create a cookie and PHP $_COOKIE variable helps the programmer to retrieve the cookie stored on the users computer. These both functions can function simultaneously.
while. endswitch. do. PHP executes the statement only when the case statement matches the value of the switch expression. These declare construct can be set in such a manner that all the code is affected. endwhile. When the expression and statement matches themselves the code is executed. filters according to the predefined statements from the programmer. It does execute the statement until the end of the block till it finds the break statement. 15) Explain about switch statement in PHP? Switch statement is executed line by line. and for statement. 12) Explain about require and include function? Include function collects all the text in a defined specific file and copies the text information to the file which has the include function in it Require function is similar to the include function except that it handles the error system in a different manner. endfor. 11) Explain about looping in PHP? Looping is used to run the same script many number of times. do while. Require function displays a fatal error and stops the execution of the script while the include function still executes the script. E_COMPILE_WARNING: -this error is generated by the Zend scripting engine. for. This actually describes the way the code should perform.P a g e | 11 email or for other specific purpose.while. This forms a good security practice for programmers. for each. It is very important for every programmer to validate user defines information as it can potential harm. E_STRICT. 13) Define about declare construct? Declare construct allows you to define execution directives for a block set of code. E_USER_WARNING: -This warning error is generated by the user and is non fatal. E_NOTICE. This is a compile time non fatal error. PHP eliminated this risk by using PHP filter extension. 14) What is the alternative structure for control structures? The basic control structures are if. etc E_ERROR: -This error is displayed when there is fatal error which halts the execution of the script immediately. for each and switch. 10) Name and explain five of the PHP error constants? Some of the five PHP error constants are E_ERROR. E_USER_WARNING. Following statements are used in PHP for looping while.. PHP has efficient error and logging constants to its credit. 16) Explain about PHP filter and why it should be used? A PHP filter validates. and endforeach. If you are planning to use alternative structures then the closing braces should be changed to endif.. E_WARNING. Similarly the opening brace of the alternative syntax should be changed to (:) or colon. Some of them are E_ERROR. etc. This is set by the programmer using trigger_error(). The way the code performs can be set by the directive part which directly leads the code to follow. E_WARNING: -This warns the programmer about the error but the execution of the script is not stopped. The alternative structure is applicable to else and elseif also. E_PARSE: -These errors occur during compile time and these errors should only be generated by the parser. E_PARSE. 17) What are the different filter functions used to filter a variable? T filter a variable these are the following different functions used they are: 1) Filter_var() 3) Filter_input 2) Filter_var_array() 4) Filter_input_array RaSu RaSu . E_ALL. E_COMPILE_WARNING.
3) How to enable parsing? Parsing is an important concept if you want to run your code appropriately and timely. If assoc() is added to the function it compares array keys. 7) Explain about resource? Resource holds reference to an external resource and it is a special variable. These RaSu RaSu . 4) What are the different opening and closing tags available in PHP? There are four different types of tags available in PHP they are * PHP short tags * ASP style tags.P a g e | 12 18) What exactly is validating and sanitizing? Validating and sanitizing are two different kinds of filters Validating filters: . After installing PHP modules or executables can be configures and make command should help you in the process.These filters are used to validate user sent information (input). It is used on various operating systems with Apache modules. Null is defined to be null if and only if it is assigned a constant null. It also sends the success type for a particular operation whether false or true. There are also two functions they are is_null and unset(). This language is widely used. There are no restrictions on data format rules. 9) Explain about mixed and callback functions? Mixed function indicates that the function may contain multiple types but it doesn¶t form a necessary condition./configure help command. Strict rules are applied for formatting such as URL or Email validating. This function can also be defined as array uintersect uassoc(). 1) Explain about PHP? Personal home page language is used to create dynamic and interactive websites which are very efficient in delivering client needs from the server side. 2) Explain about the installation of PHP on UNIX systems? PHP can be installed on UNIX in many different ways there are pre defined packages available which can ease the process.These filters are used to allow or disallow specific characters present in a string. This tags allow PHP to be embedded between many documents. Functions like call_user_func() or usort() accept user defined functions as parameter. This filter always returns the string. Converting to a resource makes no sense at all. A new instance of the class is created if a value of different type if converted into an object. Initially it can be controlled by the command line options. Generally the first two tags are widely used because they are portable. This is the case insensitive keyword. There doesn¶t exist any value for type Null. Sanitizing filters: . This function compares array values in a user defined function and it returns the array. PHP parses all the code present between the opening and closing tags. These are created and used by specially defined functions. it ignores everything present out of the closing and opening tags. 8) Explain about null? Null represents a variable with no value inside. Resource holds defined and special handlers for opening files. Help can be obtained from. Incase the value is null at the time of conversion the new instance will be empty. it is set to be unset(). 6) Explain about converting an object? When an object is converted into an object the stance of the object is not modified. 5) Explain about array uintersect()? This function is very useful in PHP. there is no value set. This can be directly embedded into HTML code.
2) A huge community resource which has a ton of information before you. MYSQL should be installed where there are extensions of PHP. 16) Explain about the connective abilities of the PHP? A huge advantage for PHP is its connective ability. Compiling PHP functions with MYSQL will increase the support and functioning of the language. 4) Execution is very fast because it uses less system resources. 14) How to change the principal password? Principal password can be changed by using kadm5_chpass_principal command. Casting and support was added in PHP 5.1. They can load their own programs by using the dynamic loading mechanism. Foreach is used to loop a block of code in each element in an array. 13) Explain about the casts allowed in PHP? Type casting acts and functions similarly as it performs in C. It uses huge number of extensions to interface with huge pool of libraries such as XML. Boolean. You can use --withmysql=DIR function to make available SQL on your system. string $principal. binary. An operator returns a Boolean value and this value is passed onto the control structure which executes the statement. Variable is defined in the context in which it is used. float and double. These statements are case insensitive. If an argument is required it is automatically converted. 12) Explain about Type juggling? PHP uses Type juggling similar to the way Perl uses. A variable can be enclosed in double quotes instead of casting it to a string. graphics and encryption. for and for each. etc. For example if a string value is assigned to a variable it is defined as string. string password). If you also want to specify the new password for effecting a change to the principal password it should be as Bool kadm5_chpass_principal (resource $handle. 15) Explain about the advantages of using PHP? There are many advantages of PHP they are 1) Easy and fast creation of dynamic web pages and a developer can also embed these dynamic functions into HTML. 17) How can MYSQL functions be available with PHP? MYSQL is not available as a default feature it must be created by the user.2. It doesn¶t require any explicit definition for a function to perform its duties. array and object. The casts allowed are Integer. 11) Explain about Booleans in PHP? A Boolean type states a truth value whether it is true or false. This changes the password to password. 3) Connectivity ability lets you to connect to different interfaces and predefined libraries. PHP has these following looping statements they are while. 10) Explain about PHP looping? Looping statements are used in PHP to execute the code for a developer defined number of times. Programmers can create their own extensions and compiling them. RaSu RaSu . do while. string.P a g e | 13 functions are not only simple but also object methods which includes static methods.
NET technologies are executed. This framework aims at integrating various programming languages and services. It allows computers to store data in a format. CLS enables an object or application to interact with the objects or applications of other languages. Visual C#. 4) Which platform does Microsoft . deployment and administration.net which can be realized to a maximum potential with the language support.Net products use eXtensible markup language (XML) for describing and exchanging data between applications.Net products? Microsoft has already introduced visual studio. develop and deploy applications. It translates the code into Intermediate language which helps interoperability of code.NET applications by using programming languages such as Visual Basic. Multilanguage development. 3) Explain about . 8) Explain about CLS? CLS consists of a set of common rules followed by all the languages of the . This set of rules is known as Common language specifications.P a g e | 14 ASP. and Visual C++. A web services is an application or business logic that is accessible through standard internet protocols such as HTTP and simple object access protocol. regardless of the hardware and software platform. It is consistent and simplified programming model that helps you to easily build robust applications. These products aim at allowing developers to create applications. 6) Explain about . XML can be used to transfer structures data between heterogeneous systems. It forms the core of the .NET framework. memory allocation. Users can subscribe to such a service and use it as long as they need it. which are capable of interacting seamlessly with each other. which is a tool for developing .NET uses for exchanging data between applications? . and garbage collection.NET applications and the underlying operating system.NET offers a complete suite for developing and deploying applications.NET.NET services? . There are lots more features included in Microsoft . 7) Explain about the Common language Runtime? The CLR is one of the most essential components of the . 5) Explain about . code specialization.NET helps you to create software as web services. resource management.NET framework. security.NET framework? It is the foundation on which you design. It provides services such as code compilation.NET? Microsoft introduced the .NET Interview Questions 1) Explain about ASP. The .NET? It is designed to make significant improvements in code reuse.NET infrastructure because it exists as a layer between the . RaSu RaSu . It is a platform independent markup language. 2) State the various features present in . which can be interpreted by any other computer system. CLR is the environment where all programs using .Net framework with the intention of bridging the gap in interoperability between applications.
13) Explain about Multi-Language integration? . They are displayed in a hierarchical tree-view depicting the containership of these items.NET. the CLR allocates memory for the object from the managed heap. and retrieving data. it brings up the code editor window for that item RaSu RaSu . code editor. Whenever you create an object. output window. In the first stage. and database resources. a programmer may be required to write code for managing resources such as files. and class view window. methods. In addition to these elements start page and project properties windows is also present. connecting to databases. used and managed in the code at run time. 14) Explain about Automatic resource management? While creating an application. 17) Explain about the Class view window? The class view window displays the classes. The size of integer and long variables is the same across all CLs compliant programming languages.Net allows multiple languages to be integrated. To enable objects with each other regardless of the language use to develop them. When you double-click any one of the items in the Class view window. and properties associated with a particular file. 10) Explain the process of compilation in . It is possible to create a class in VC# that derives from a class implemented in VB. such as reading from and writing to files. If sufficient memory is not available on the managed heap.NET Framework provides a common OOPs model across languages. which provides a type system that is common across all languages. In the second stage the conversion of IL to machine language is done at run time by the JIt compiler. network connections. A particular file can be opened in a project by double clicking the file in the solution explorer window. the application may not execute properly. 15) Explain about the features and elements present in Visual studio. 11) Explain about managed heap? A managed heap is a region of the memory that is available for program execution.NET IDE? Elements present in Visual studio IDE are toolbars. a set of language features has been defined in CLS. CTS define how data types are declared.NET framework? The . This process is done by CLR automatically. 16) Explain about solution explorer window? The solution explorer window lists the solution name. This object model can be used in code to perform several tasks. the compiler translates code into an IL instead of machine language or assembly language. solution explorer. the garbage collection process is invoked.P a g e | 15 9) Explain about CTS? One of the specifications defined in CLS is common type system (CTs). task list window. 12) Explain about consistent programming model in .NET. If a programmer does not free these resources. the conversion of source code to machine language happens in two stages. memory. and all the classes that are used in the project.NET? When you compile a program in . the project name.
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