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The National Forest Create a Farm Woodland

The National Forest Create a Farm Woodland

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Publicado porglynis
a toolkit to help you plan and plant
a toolkit to help you plan and plant

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Published by: glynis on Sep 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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This involves regularly checking the site to monitor the progress of tree growth
and looking out for potential problems. The following brief checklist may be

Spring in a young woodland – time to enjoy
and to plan ahead.

•Weed infestation observed
and controlled

•Growth rate of grass and other
competing vegetation monitored

•Fences repaired if damaged
or collapsed

•Tree guards repaired, replaced
or removed

•Raptor posts in place

•General site maintenance, such as
litter collection and checking signage

•Mowing paths and glades

Creating new woodland on farmland is both a challenge and an opportunity.
Some landowners look at their newly planted woodland and feel a sense of
disappointment – the trees resemble little green twigs and their neighbour’s
wheat field looks so tidy. Yet, as the trees develop and the opportunities that
the woodland provides become more apparent, so these feelings change. Many
landowners comment on how they enjoy seeing the trees grow, the increase in
wildlife and how they find something different in their woodland every time they
go through it. The change from a ‘twig’ to a recognisable tree is not, as many
people think, a slow process. By the time that the trees are 5 years old they
can be 2 metres tall and the character of the woodland is emerging.

Successful woodland creation rests upon thorough planning, implementation
and maintenance. There is a lot of work involved. In particular the first 5 years
are the vital time for tree establishment and weed control – all of which can
influence the future direction of the woodland. Experience shows that keeping
things simple, robust and sustainable results in greatest success. A considered
design is paramount to avoid future conflicts, concerns and costs. Maintaining
woodland carefully, and carrying out operations at the right time, is imperative.
Not looking after woodland only serves to accumulate problems for the future,
so if there are any concerns, advice should be sought.

Like the trees, woodland-related opportunities can grow quickly. In The National
Forest, leisure and tourism are becoming increasingly popular and an attractive
source of income for many landowners. Markets for the timber are developing
– existing outlets are rejuvenating and new ones emerging. A woodland’s first
timber supplies will be the lower grade materials, called thinnings, that will be
produced when the trees are 20 years old. This low-grade material can be
converted into products such as logs, charcoal, rustic furniture or woodchips for
equestrian purposes or woodfuel. The development of installations that need
wood as a fuel in order to provide heat and/or electricity is a real opportunity,
both within the Forest and on a wider, national scale.

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