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Posted: 06 Jun 2010 11:31 PM PDT July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. We will be posting more if this soon. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam, get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1.0 and v2 now. 1. Jake is complaining of shortness of breath. The nurse assesses his respiratory rate to be 30 breaths per minute and documents that Jake is tachypneic. The nurse understands that tachypnea means:
a. Pulse rate greater than 100 beats per minute b. Blood pressure of 140/90 c. Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute d. Frequent bowel sounds
The nurse listens to Mrs. Sullen’s lungs and notes a hissing sound or musical sound. The nurse
documents this as:
a. Wheezes b. Rhonchi c. Gurgles d. Vesicular
The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 101 degrees F. What is the equivalent
a. 36.3 degrees C b. 37.95 degrees C c. 40.03 degrees C d. 38.01 degrees C
Which approach to problem solving tests any number of solutions until one is found that works for
that particular problem?
Noisy breathing 8. planning b. evaluating c. planning.” 2 . Client verbalized. implementing. “The patient will feel less nauseated in 24 hours. implementing 6. evaluating d.” d. evaluating. planning. During the planning phase of the nursing process. implementing. diagnosing. which of the following is the outcome? a. “I feel pain when urinating. Nursing diagnosis 7. Diagnosing. implementing. Routine c. diagnosing. Trial and error 5.a. Assessing. Assessing. Which expected outcome is correctly written? a. What is the order of the nursing process? a. Nursing care plan d. evaluating. Planning. assessing. Heart rate of 68 beats per minute b. What is an example of a subjective data? a. assessing. Nursing history b. Nursing notes c. Yellowish sputum c. diagnosing. Intuition b. Scientific method d.
Accuracy b.R 10. Dorothea Orem b. “The patient will identify all the high-salt food from a prepared list by discharge. She noted: appetite is good this afternoon. Rapid communication 11. Patient and relatives b. “The patient will have enough sleep. The theorist who believes that adaptation and manipulation of stressors are related to foster change is: a. What is the disadvantage of computerized documentation of the nursing process? a.” 9. Sister Callista Roy c. She writes in the chart using a no.” d. Virginia Henderson 12.b. She signs her charting as follow: J. b. c. Legibility c. 2 pencil. Which of the following behaviors by Nurse Jane Robles demonstrates that she understands well th elements of effecting charting? a. Concern for privacy d. “The patient will eat the right amount of food daily. She signs on the medication sheet after administering the medication. d. Formulating a nursing diagnosis is a joint function of: a.” c. Imogene King d. Nurse and patient 3 .
Low blood pressure b. 16. Which of the following is an expected response? a. Stop the infusion b. The nurse notices that the venipuncture site is red and swollen. What nursing action is appropriate when obtaining a sterile urine specimen from an indwelling catheter to prevent infection? a. Call the attending physician 4 . Which of the following interventions would the nurse perform first? a. Warm. Aspirate urine from the tubing port using a sterile syringe. Health belief d. d. Cultural belief b. Since then. This practice is viewed as: a. she had maintained low sodium. A client is receiving 115 ml/hr of continuous IVF. Disconnect the catheter from the tubing and get urine. low fat diet. Superstitious belief 14. Mrs. dry skin c. Caperlac has been diagnosed to have hypertension since 10 years ago. c. b. Decreased urine output 15. Becky is on NPO since midnight as preparation for blood test.c. Nurse and doctor 13. Decreased serum sodium levels d. Personal belief c. Doctor and family d. Open the drainage bag and pour out the urine. Adreno-cortical response is activated. Use sterile gloves when obtaining urine. to control her blood pressure.
Which of the following is inappropriate nursing action when administering NGT feeding? a. b. Assist the patient in fowler’s position. Oriented to date. Place the feeding 20 inches above the pint if insertion of NGT. What should the nurse do? a. Instruct the patient to take the medication and leave it at the bedside. Patient advocate d. A female patient is being discharged after thyroidectomy. Caregiver c. return to that patient’s room and do not leave until the patient takes the medication. d. time and place b. Wait for the patient to return to bed and just leave the medication at the bedside. After providing the medication teaching. Which data would be of greatest concern to the nurse when completing the nursing assessment of a 68-year-old woman hospitalized due to Pneumonia? a. Introduce the feeding slowly. 19. The nurse is performing which professional role? a. 18. d. The nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. The nurse enters the room to give a prescribed medication but the patient is inside the bathroom. Leave the medication at the bedside and leave the room. b. Manager b. Place a clod towel on the site 17. c. Instill 60ml of water into the NGT after feeding. Educator 20. Slow that infusion to 20 ml/hr d. c. After few minutes.c. Clear breath sounds 5 .
Which statement is the most appropriate goal for a nursing diagnosis of diarrhea? a. That the patient’s barium enema performed 3 days ago was negative c. b.” d. Capillary refill greater than 3 seconds and buccal cyanosis d. 22. c. Risk of injury related to autoimmune dysfunction 6 . it would be important for the nurse relinquishing responsibility for care of the patient to communicate. Using Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs. Patient’s family came for a visit this morning.” b. Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain. “The patient will give a stool specimen for laboratory examinations.” c. Anxiety related to impending surgery. Expansion of the current taxonomy of nursing diagnosis c. That the patient verbalized. During a change-of-shift report. “The patient will take anti-diarrheal medication. “The patient will save urine for inspection by the nurse. Which of the following is the most important purpose of planning care with this patient? a. 23. Patient’s NGT was removed 2 hours ago d. Incorporation of both nursing and medical diagnoses in patient care 24. “My headache is gone. as evidenced by insomnia. Development of a standardized NCP. b. “The patient will experience decreased frequency of bowel elimination. as evidenced by shortness of breath. Hemoglobin of 13 g/dl 21. Making of individualized patient care d.c.” b. which of the following nursing diagnoses has the highest priority? a. Which of the following facts to the nurse assuming responsibility for care of the patient? a.
We will be posting more of this soon. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button.0 and v2 now. 90 degrees c. Palpable ulnar pulse c. the patient should be in a supine position with the head of the bed at what position? a. 25. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. 0 degree NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 2 July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing.d. Palpable radial pulse b. Which of the following nursing assessment is considered abnormal? a. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam. A patient is wearing a soft wrist-safety device. 30 degrees b. Capillary refill within 3 seconds 7 . Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy. When performing an abdominal examination. 45 degrees d. get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1. 1. as evidenced by inability to speak.
subjective data from a secondary source 4. Diabetes Mellitus c. His mom stated. What is the characteristic of the nursing process? a. cool and pale fingers 2. objective data from a primary source c. Angina d. Which of the following is a nursing diagnosis? a. cabbage d. tomatoes 3. Jason. asystematic 8 . Bluish fingernails. Which of the following food items does the nurse instruct Pia to avoid? a. objective data from a secondary source b. Hypethermia b. inflexible c. “He vomited 6 ounces of his formula this morning.d. 3 years old vomited. Chronic Renal Failure 5. stagnant b. sardines c. Pia’s serum sodium level is 150 mEq/L.” This statement is an example of: a. broccoli b. subjective data from a primary source d.
algor mortis d. papule b. d. a. It is the gradual decrease of the body’s temperature after death. c. which of the following is inappropriate nursing action? a. pull the pinna upward. Tell her not to cry and it will be better. b. Provide opportunity to the client to tell their story. 9. In an adult. vesicle c. macule 7. livor mortis b. 8. c. A skin lesion which is fluid-filled. Which of the following is appropriate nursing intervention for a client who is grieving over the death of her child? a. Press the tragus of the ear a few times to assist flow of medication into the ear canal. During application of medication into the ear. d. bulla d. none of the above 9 . less than 1 cm in size is called: a. Warm the medication at room or body temperature. Encourage her to accept or to replace the lost person. Discourage the client in expressing her emotions. rigor mortis c. Instill the medication directly into the tympanic membrane.d. b. goal-oriented 6.
10. scurvy b. intestine d. 4th CN (Trochlear) d. liver c. Decreased plasma drug levels 10 . When performing an admission assessment on a newly admitted patient. Nurse Cherry is teaching a 72 year old patient about a newly prescribed medication. 3rd CN (Occulomotor) c. 7th CN (Facial) 12. lung 11. megaloblastic anemia d. pellagra c. The nurse knows that resonance heard on percussion is most commonly heard over which organ? a. pernicious anemia 13. The nurse is aware that Bell’s palsy affects which cranial nerve? a. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about the newly prescribed medication? a. Patient has no interest on learning d. 2nd CN (Optic) b. thigh b. Prolonged deficiency of Vitamin B9 leads to: a. Decreased sensory functions c. Absence of family support b. the nurse percusses resonance.
It focuses on the patient. Collaborative d.14. Patient stated. When assessing a patient’s level of consciousness. 6 months c. 17. It is useful on outpatient settings. unrelated steps. By definition. Dependent c. d. Change of heart rate from 70 to 83 beats per minute. the nurse understands that the patient has had pain for more than: a. 11 . not the nurse. which type of nursing intervention is the nurse performing? a. Which of the following statements regarding the nursing process is true? a. It progresses in separate. Weight loss of 3 lbs in a 120 lb female patient. Which of the following is considered significant enough to require immediate communication to another member of the health care team? a. b. “I feel less nauseated. c. It provides the solution to all patient health problems. 9 months d.” d. 1 year 16. Diminished breath sounds in patient with previously normal breath sounds c. Claire is admitted with a diagnosis of chronic shoulder pain. 3 months b. Independent b. b. Professional 15.
usually inefficient expiration. which of the following action is essential for the nurse to do? a. Kussmaul’s breathing is. doer 20. b. c. d. Prolonged gasping inspiration followed by a very short. thinker d. Marked rhythmic waxing and waning of respirations from very deep to very shallow breathing and temporary apnea. b. 3-day diet recall d. Van Fajardo is a 55 year old who was admitted to the hospital with newly diagnosed hepatitis. The nurse is doing a patient teaching with Mr. 12 . Elevate the head of the bed. eating style and habits 19. regularity of meal times c. a. Fajardo. which of the following assessment parameters is best used? a. d. What kind of role does the nurse assume? a. 21. teacher c. Shallow breaths interrupted by apnea.18. Attach the feeding bag to the current tubing. c. food preferences b. Place the client on the left side of the bed. Cold the formula before administering it. talker b. Increased rate and depth of respiration. To assess the adequacy of food intake. When providing a continuous enteral feeding.
Vomiting for 3 days c. Immunization for healthy babies and preschool children is an example of what level of preventive health care? a. Heart b. What stage of grieving is she in? a. “My arms still hurt. Productive cough d. The nurse is assessing the endocrine system.” 25. Temperature of 38 0C b. Presty has terminal cancer and she refuses to believe that loss is happening ans she assumes artificial cheerfulness. Tertiary d. acceptance 23. Which is an example of a subjective data? a. denial d. Which organ is part of the endocrine system? a. Curative 24. Thyroid d. Secondary c.22. Primary b. Sinus c. depression b. Patient stated. Thymus NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 3 13 . bargaining c.
Sensory deficits c. Indicators of denial include: Shock dismay Numbness Stoicism 14 . Which assessment finding should the nurse consider abnormal? A palpable radial pulse A palpable ulnar pulse Cool. Which of the following should the nurse document as subjective data? Vital signs Laboratory test result Patient’s description of pain Electrocardiographic (ECG) waveforms 4.1. Which of the following planes divides the body longitudinally into anterior and posterior regions? Frontal plane Sagittal plane Midsagittal plane Transverse plane 6. A female patient with a terminal illness is in denial. Nurse Brenda is teaching a patient about a newly prescribed drug. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about prescribed medications? a. A male patient has a soft wrist-safety device. Lack of family support d. History of Tourette syndrome 2. Decreased plasma drug levels b. The nurse is assessing a postoperative adult patient. pale fingers Pink nail beds 5. When examining a patient with abdominal pain the nurse in charge should assess: Any quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant last The symptomatic quadrant either second or third 3.
filled syringe in the patient’s medication drawer.Preparatory grief 7. The nurse is performing which professional role? Manager Educator Caregiver Patient advocate 12. Before administering the evening dose of a prescribed medication. When administering drug therapy to a male geriatric patient. Which factor makes geriatric patients to adverse drug effects? Faster drug clearance Aging-related physiological changes Increased amount of neurons Enhanced blood flow to the GI tract 11. What should the nurse in charge do? Discard the syringe to avoid a medication error Obtain a label for the syringe from the pharmacy Use the syringe because it looks like it contains the same medication the nurse was prepared to give Call the day nurse to verify the contents of the syringe 10. during discharge preparation. the nurse on the evening shift finds an unlabeled. A female patient is being discharged after cataract surgery. the nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. Which response by the nurse is most likely to reduce the patient’s anxiety? 15 . After providing medication teaching. Writing out the instructions and having a family member read them to the patient Demonstrating the procedure and having the patient return the demonstration 9. Which action does the nurse take during this patient transfer? Position the head of the bed flat Helps the patient dangle the legs Stands behind the patient Places the chair facing away from the bed 8. the nurse must stay especially alert for adverse effects. The nurse in charge is transferring a patient from the bed to a chair. A female patient who speaks a little English has emergency gallbladder surgery. A female patient exhibits signs of heightened anxiety. which nursing action would best help this patient understand wound care instruction? Asking frequently if the patient understands the instruction Asking an interpreter to replay the instructions to the patient.
and then leave the medication at the bedside 15. Don’t worry.” “Read this manual and then ask me any questions you may have. the physician is most likely to order which laboratory test? Red blood cell count Sputum culture Total hemoglobin 16 . 7. A patient is in the bathroom when the nurse enters to give a prescribed medication. To evaluate a patient for hypoxia. A scrub nurse in the operating room has which responsibility? Positioning the patient Assisting with gowning and gloving Handling surgical instruments to the surgeon Applying surgical drapes 14.” 13. The nurse should anticipate giving how much heparin for each dose? ¼ ml ½ ml ¾ ml 1 ¼ ml 16. to be administered subcutaneously every 6 hours. The physician orders heparin. What should the nurse in charge do? Leave the medication at the patient’s bedside Tell the patient to be sure to take the medication.500 units.000 units per millilitre.9 degrees C 40.” “Why don’t you listen to the radio?” “Let’s talk about what’s bothering you. The vial reads 10.1 degrees C 17. The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 102 degrees F.“Everything will be fine. what is the equivalent Centigrade temperature? 39 degrees C 47 degrees C 38. And then leave it at the bedside Return shortly to the patient’s room and remain there until the patient takes the medication Wait for the patient to return to bed.
“This treatment is for your own good” Inform the child that the needle will be in place for 10 days 22. now?” Give simple directions shortly before the I. therapy is to start Tell the child.Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis 18. The best way to instill eye drops is to: Instruct the patient to lock upward. Which human element considered by the nurse in charge during assessment can affect drug administration? The patient’s ability to recover The patient’s occupational hazards The patient’s socioeconomic status The patient’s cognitive abilities 21.V. therapy to a 2-year-old child. “Do you want me to start the I. the nurse should: Ask the child. Which statement about a stethoscope with a bell and diaphragm is true? The bell detects high-pitched sounds best The diaphragm detects high-pitched sounds best The bell detects thrills best The diaphragm detects low-pitched sounds best 19. the nurse should explain that the patient must fill this prescription how soon after the date on which it was written? Within 1 month Within 3 months Within 6 months Within 12 months 20. and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid 17 . The nurse uses a stethoscope to auscultate a male patient’s chest.V. During discharge teaching. All of the following parts of the syringe are sterile except the: Barrel Inside of the plunger Needle tip Barrel tip 23.V. A male patient is to be discharged with a prescription for an analgesic that is a controlled substance. When explaining the initiation of I.
The difference between an 18G needle and a 25G needle is the needle’s: Length Bevel angle Thickness Sharpness 25. A patient receiving an anticoagulant should be assessed for signs of: Hypotension Hypertension An elevated hemoglobin count An increased number of erythrocytes 18 .Instruct the patient to look ahead. and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid Drop the medication into the inner canthus regardless of eye position Drop the medication into the center of the canthus regardless of eye position 24.
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