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Posted: 06 Jun 2010 11:31 PM PDT July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. We will be posting more if this soon. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam, get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1.0 and v2 now. 1. Jake is complaining of shortness of breath. The nurse assesses his respiratory rate to be 30 breaths per minute and documents that Jake is tachypneic. The nurse understands that tachypnea means:
a. Pulse rate greater than 100 beats per minute b. Blood pressure of 140/90 c. Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute d. Frequent bowel sounds
The nurse listens to Mrs. Sullen’s lungs and notes a hissing sound or musical sound. The nurse
documents this as:
a. Wheezes b. Rhonchi c. Gurgles d. Vesicular
The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 101 degrees F. What is the equivalent
a. 36.3 degrees C b. 37.95 degrees C c. 40.03 degrees C d. 38.01 degrees C
Which approach to problem solving tests any number of solutions until one is found that works for
that particular problem?
” d. evaluating. evaluating c.a. Intuition b. Noisy breathing 8. which of the following is the outcome? a. Diagnosing. implementing.” 2 . Routine c. implementing 6. “The patient will feel less nauseated in 24 hours. diagnosing. planning. Scientific method d. Nursing diagnosis 7. Trial and error 5. During the planning phase of the nursing process. implementing. Client verbalized. Which expected outcome is correctly written? a. Assessing. Heart rate of 68 beats per minute b. Nursing history b. assessing. assessing. “I feel pain when urinating. What is an example of a subjective data? a. diagnosing. Assessing. implementing. Yellowish sputum c. planning b. Nursing care plan d. evaluating d. evaluating. What is the order of the nursing process? a. Planning. diagnosing. Nursing notes c. planning.
“The patient will eat the right amount of food daily. Virginia Henderson 12. Imogene King d.R 10. b.” d.” 9. Formulating a nursing diagnosis is a joint function of: a. She signs on the medication sheet after administering the medication. “The patient will identify all the high-salt food from a prepared list by discharge. 2 pencil. Nurse and patient 3 . The theorist who believes that adaptation and manipulation of stressors are related to foster change is: a. Patient and relatives b. What is the disadvantage of computerized documentation of the nursing process? a. Sister Callista Roy c. d.b. Legibility c. “The patient will have enough sleep. Accuracy b.” c. c. She signs her charting as follow: J. Which of the following behaviors by Nurse Jane Robles demonstrates that she understands well th elements of effecting charting? a. Rapid communication 11. Dorothea Orem b. She writes in the chart using a no. Concern for privacy d. She noted: appetite is good this afternoon.
she had maintained low sodium. Adreno-cortical response is activated. Call the attending physician 4 . 16. What nursing action is appropriate when obtaining a sterile urine specimen from an indwelling catheter to prevent infection? a. d. Since then. Becky is on NPO since midnight as preparation for blood test. Personal belief c. Warm. Use sterile gloves when obtaining urine. Low blood pressure b. Aspirate urine from the tubing port using a sterile syringe. Mrs.c. Decreased serum sodium levels d. low fat diet. Nurse and doctor 13. Superstitious belief 14. A client is receiving 115 ml/hr of continuous IVF. The nurse notices that the venipuncture site is red and swollen. Doctor and family d. Health belief d. to control her blood pressure. Decreased urine output 15. Caperlac has been diagnosed to have hypertension since 10 years ago. Stop the infusion b. This practice is viewed as: a. Which of the following interventions would the nurse perform first? a. Cultural belief b. b. c. Disconnect the catheter from the tubing and get urine. dry skin c. Open the drainage bag and pour out the urine. Which of the following is an expected response? a.
c. Patient advocate d. 18. Wait for the patient to return to bed and just leave the medication at the bedside. time and place b. d. After few minutes. Manager b. Introduce the feeding slowly. A female patient is being discharged after thyroidectomy.c. return to that patient’s room and do not leave until the patient takes the medication. 19. Which data would be of greatest concern to the nurse when completing the nursing assessment of a 68-year-old woman hospitalized due to Pneumonia? a. Place a clod towel on the site 17. Clear breath sounds 5 . b. What should the nurse do? a. b. The nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. Educator 20. c. The nurse is performing which professional role? a. Instruct the patient to take the medication and leave it at the bedside. Instill 60ml of water into the NGT after feeding. Which of the following is inappropriate nursing action when administering NGT feeding? a. The nurse enters the room to give a prescribed medication but the patient is inside the bathroom. Oriented to date. d. Place the feeding 20 inches above the pint if insertion of NGT. Caregiver c. Slow that infusion to 20 ml/hr d. Assist the patient in fowler’s position. Leave the medication at the bedside and leave the room. After providing the medication teaching.
Risk of injury related to autoimmune dysfunction 6 . That the patient verbalized.c. Incorporation of both nursing and medical diagnoses in patient care 24. Which statement is the most appropriate goal for a nursing diagnosis of diarrhea? a. Expansion of the current taxonomy of nursing diagnosis c. Hemoglobin of 13 g/dl 21. “The patient will experience decreased frequency of bowel elimination.” b. Development of a standardized NCP. 22. “The patient will take anti-diarrheal medication. Capillary refill greater than 3 seconds and buccal cyanosis d. Patient’s NGT was removed 2 hours ago d. Which of the following is the most important purpose of planning care with this patient? a. which of the following nursing diagnoses has the highest priority? a.” d. “The patient will give a stool specimen for laboratory examinations. Making of individualized patient care d. During a change-of-shift report. “My headache is gone.” b.” c. as evidenced by shortness of breath. b. 23. b. Anxiety related to impending surgery. c. Using Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs. Which of the following facts to the nurse assuming responsibility for care of the patient? a. as evidenced by insomnia. Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain. it would be important for the nurse relinquishing responsibility for care of the patient to communicate. “The patient will save urine for inspection by the nurse. That the patient’s barium enema performed 3 days ago was negative c. Patient’s family came for a visit this morning.
get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1.0 and v2 now. We will be posting more of this soon. 30 degrees b. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. as evidenced by inability to speak. Palpable radial pulse b. Which of the following nursing assessment is considered abnormal? a. 45 degrees d. 90 degrees c. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam. 25. 1. A patient is wearing a soft wrist-safety device. When performing an abdominal examination. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. Capillary refill within 3 seconds 7 . the patient should be in a supine position with the head of the bed at what position? a. Palpable ulnar pulse c. 0 degree NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 2 July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing.d. Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy.
d. Diabetes Mellitus c. stagnant b. subjective data from a primary source d. cool and pale fingers 2. Jason. Chronic Renal Failure 5. subjective data from a secondary source 4. “He vomited 6 ounces of his formula this morning. inflexible c. His mom stated. asystematic 8 . cabbage d. Pia’s serum sodium level is 150 mEq/L. objective data from a secondary source b. sardines c. Angina d. 3 years old vomited. broccoli b.” This statement is an example of: a. objective data from a primary source c. Hypethermia b. Which of the following is a nursing diagnosis? a. Which of the following food items does the nurse instruct Pia to avoid? a. Bluish fingernails. tomatoes 3. What is the characteristic of the nursing process? a.
A skin lesion which is fluid-filled. d. 9. bulla d. Encourage her to accept or to replace the lost person. Provide opportunity to the client to tell their story. c.d. livor mortis b. algor mortis d. It is the gradual decrease of the body’s temperature after death. papule b. b. Instill the medication directly into the tympanic membrane. Tell her not to cry and it will be better. which of the following is inappropriate nursing action? a. none of the above 9 . d. b. In an adult. macule 7. rigor mortis c. Warm the medication at room or body temperature. Discourage the client in expressing her emotions. c. vesicle c. a. pull the pinna upward. Press the tragus of the ear a few times to assist flow of medication into the ear canal. less than 1 cm in size is called: a. 8. During application of medication into the ear. Which of the following is appropriate nursing intervention for a client who is grieving over the death of her child? a. goal-oriented 6.
Decreased plasma drug levels 10 . megaloblastic anemia d. 4th CN (Trochlear) d. 7th CN (Facial) 12.10. The nurse knows that resonance heard on percussion is most commonly heard over which organ? a. 3rd CN (Occulomotor) c. Nurse Cherry is teaching a 72 year old patient about a newly prescribed medication. intestine d. pellagra c. thigh b. the nurse percusses resonance. pernicious anemia 13. scurvy b. liver c. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about the newly prescribed medication? a. Decreased sensory functions c. Prolonged deficiency of Vitamin B9 leads to: a. Patient has no interest on learning d. 2nd CN (Optic) b. Absence of family support b. When performing an admission assessment on a newly admitted patient. lung 11. The nurse is aware that Bell’s palsy affects which cranial nerve? a.
6 months c. not the nurse.” d. unrelated steps. Professional 15. 11 . Diminished breath sounds in patient with previously normal breath sounds c. Which of the following is considered significant enough to require immediate communication to another member of the health care team? a. It is useful on outpatient settings.14. It progresses in separate. the nurse understands that the patient has had pain for more than: a. 3 months b. Patient stated. Change of heart rate from 70 to 83 beats per minute. Claire is admitted with a diagnosis of chronic shoulder pain. Dependent c. 17. b. Which of the following statements regarding the nursing process is true? a. d. 1 year 16. It focuses on the patient. c. When assessing a patient’s level of consciousness. b. “I feel less nauseated. It provides the solution to all patient health problems. which type of nursing intervention is the nurse performing? a. Collaborative d. Weight loss of 3 lbs in a 120 lb female patient. By definition. Independent b. 9 months d.
usually inefficient expiration. What kind of role does the nurse assume? a. d. eating style and habits 19. The nurse is doing a patient teaching with Mr. 3-day diet recall d. thinker d. Shallow breaths interrupted by apnea. 12 . Van Fajardo is a 55 year old who was admitted to the hospital with newly diagnosed hepatitis. c. a. which of the following action is essential for the nurse to do? a. doer 20. food preferences b. Cold the formula before administering it. which of the following assessment parameters is best used? a. Prolonged gasping inspiration followed by a very short. c. 21.18. regularity of meal times c. Attach the feeding bag to the current tubing. b. Place the client on the left side of the bed. Marked rhythmic waxing and waning of respirations from very deep to very shallow breathing and temporary apnea. b. teacher c. Kussmaul’s breathing is. When providing a continuous enteral feeding. Increased rate and depth of respiration. Elevate the head of the bed. d. Fajardo. talker b. To assess the adequacy of food intake.
Presty has terminal cancer and she refuses to believe that loss is happening ans she assumes artificial cheerfulness. Secondary c. Tertiary d. depression b. Immunization for healthy babies and preschool children is an example of what level of preventive health care? a. Primary b. “My arms still hurt.22. Thyroid d. Sinus c. Which organ is part of the endocrine system? a. What stage of grieving is she in? a. Which is an example of a subjective data? a. denial d. bargaining c. Patient stated. Curative 24. Temperature of 38 0C b. Vomiting for 3 days c.” 25. The nurse is assessing the endocrine system. acceptance 23. Heart b. Thymus NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 3 13 . Productive cough d.
When examining a patient with abdominal pain the nurse in charge should assess: Any quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant last The symptomatic quadrant either second or third 3. History of Tourette syndrome 2. Sensory deficits c. Decreased plasma drug levels b. Which of the following planes divides the body longitudinally into anterior and posterior regions? Frontal plane Sagittal plane Midsagittal plane Transverse plane 6. Which of the following should the nurse document as subjective data? Vital signs Laboratory test result Patient’s description of pain Electrocardiographic (ECG) waveforms 4. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about prescribed medications? a. A female patient with a terminal illness is in denial. Which assessment finding should the nurse consider abnormal? A palpable radial pulse A palpable ulnar pulse Cool. Lack of family support d. pale fingers Pink nail beds 5.1. Nurse Brenda is teaching a patient about a newly prescribed drug. A male patient has a soft wrist-safety device. The nurse is assessing a postoperative adult patient. Indicators of denial include: Shock dismay Numbness Stoicism 14 .
A female patient exhibits signs of heightened anxiety. the nurse must stay especially alert for adverse effects. the nurse on the evening shift finds an unlabeled. The nurse is performing which professional role? Manager Educator Caregiver Patient advocate 12. the nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. When administering drug therapy to a male geriatric patient. Before administering the evening dose of a prescribed medication. A female patient is being discharged after cataract surgery. What should the nurse in charge do? Discard the syringe to avoid a medication error Obtain a label for the syringe from the pharmacy Use the syringe because it looks like it contains the same medication the nurse was prepared to give Call the day nurse to verify the contents of the syringe 10. After providing medication teaching. which nursing action would best help this patient understand wound care instruction? Asking frequently if the patient understands the instruction Asking an interpreter to replay the instructions to the patient. Writing out the instructions and having a family member read them to the patient Demonstrating the procedure and having the patient return the demonstration 9. A female patient who speaks a little English has emergency gallbladder surgery.Preparatory grief 7. filled syringe in the patient’s medication drawer. Which action does the nurse take during this patient transfer? Position the head of the bed flat Helps the patient dangle the legs Stands behind the patient Places the chair facing away from the bed 8. Which response by the nurse is most likely to reduce the patient’s anxiety? 15 . Which factor makes geriatric patients to adverse drug effects? Faster drug clearance Aging-related physiological changes Increased amount of neurons Enhanced blood flow to the GI tract 11. The nurse in charge is transferring a patient from the bed to a chair. during discharge preparation.
9 degrees C 40.500 units. The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 102 degrees F. what is the equivalent Centigrade temperature? 39 degrees C 47 degrees C 38.“Everything will be fine. and then leave the medication at the bedside 15. 7. to be administered subcutaneously every 6 hours. The physician orders heparin. The vial reads 10.” 13. A scrub nurse in the operating room has which responsibility? Positioning the patient Assisting with gowning and gloving Handling surgical instruments to the surgeon Applying surgical drapes 14.000 units per millilitre. The nurse should anticipate giving how much heparin for each dose? ¼ ml ½ ml ¾ ml 1 ¼ ml 16. What should the nurse in charge do? Leave the medication at the patient’s bedside Tell the patient to be sure to take the medication.1 degrees C 17.” “Read this manual and then ask me any questions you may have.” “Why don’t you listen to the radio?” “Let’s talk about what’s bothering you. the physician is most likely to order which laboratory test? Red blood cell count Sputum culture Total hemoglobin 16 . A patient is in the bathroom when the nurse enters to give a prescribed medication. To evaluate a patient for hypoxia. Don’t worry. And then leave it at the bedside Return shortly to the patient’s room and remain there until the patient takes the medication Wait for the patient to return to bed.
and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid 17 . “Do you want me to start the I. therapy is to start Tell the child. All of the following parts of the syringe are sterile except the: Barrel Inside of the plunger Needle tip Barrel tip 23. therapy to a 2-year-old child. Which human element considered by the nurse in charge during assessment can affect drug administration? The patient’s ability to recover The patient’s occupational hazards The patient’s socioeconomic status The patient’s cognitive abilities 21. When explaining the initiation of I. the nurse should: Ask the child. A male patient is to be discharged with a prescription for an analgesic that is a controlled substance. “This treatment is for your own good” Inform the child that the needle will be in place for 10 days 22. the nurse should explain that the patient must fill this prescription how soon after the date on which it was written? Within 1 month Within 3 months Within 6 months Within 12 months 20.V. now?” Give simple directions shortly before the I. The best way to instill eye drops is to: Instruct the patient to lock upward. During discharge teaching.V. The nurse uses a stethoscope to auscultate a male patient’s chest. Which statement about a stethoscope with a bell and diaphragm is true? The bell detects high-pitched sounds best The diaphragm detects high-pitched sounds best The bell detects thrills best The diaphragm detects low-pitched sounds best 19.Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis 18.V.
The difference between an 18G needle and a 25G needle is the needle’s: Length Bevel angle Thickness Sharpness 25. A patient receiving an anticoagulant should be assessed for signs of: Hypotension Hypertension An elevated hemoglobin count An increased number of erythrocytes 18 . and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid Drop the medication into the inner canthus regardless of eye position Drop the medication into the center of the canthus regardless of eye position 24.Instruct the patient to look ahead.
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