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(2) Exercícios Resolvidos de Matemática

(2) Exercícios Resolvidos de Matemática

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EXERCISES RESOLVED MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 Exercises in Mathematics Grade 2 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved Subject: Resolved Math Exercises JOINT

EXERCISES IN MATHEMATICS COMPETITIONS RESOLVED AND PUBLIC COMMENT 2 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 3 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved EXERCISES 1. A tap fills a tank in 3 hours and a second tap can do it in 15 hours. What wi ll be the time needed to fill two thirds of the reservoir if the two taps are co nnected simultaneously? SOLUTION • A tap takes three hours, x represents the power of it. Another tap takes 15 hours, 3 x 2 represents the p ower of it. Work to be done corresponds to March 15 Calculation; Power 1 Power 2 work xx = 2 = 3 • March 15 multiply everything by the MMC is 15, (xx = 2) * March 15 March 15 May 10 June 3 x = note that the time is given in hours, then we know that x represents time,€then the time spent is 5 hou rs. Let's find the time a language more common in March, replacing hours per min utes. 6x = 10 x = 5x x = 10 • 5300 * 60 minutes = minutes which is equivalent to 1 hour and 40 minutes. March 3 ================================================ ======================= 2. I received a lump sum and spent 3 / 7 of it. Knowing that I have left R $ 6,000.00 , which was the amount I received? SOLUTION We represent the allowance by W. W = Allowance 4 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 3 3 3 of their allowance, or W, which we represent as follows: W. 7 7 7 3 4 • W W W missing, which is the remainder. July 7 6000 4 • Leftover hence W = 6000 7 Calcu

lation: • He spent 4 6000 W = 6000 W * 7 = July 4 W = 1500 * 7 W = R $ 10,500.00 ================================================== ===================== 3. With 240 liters, filled 5 / 12 of a tank.€How many gallons are needed to fill the tank ? SOLUTION We represent the capacity of the tank capacity by the letter YY = 5 • H e placed and held 240 liters capacity tank, soon. May 12 240 * 12 Y = 240 Y = Y Y = 48 * 12 = 576 May 12 • The tank capacity is for 576 liters of water. ================================================== ===================== 4. Thre e brothers received an inheritance. Fell to the oldest third of that heritage. T he youngest fit ¾ of the rest, leaving $ 1,200.00 for the third brother. What was the amount of inheritance? Inheritance SOLUTION X = X 1 = Older Younger 3 = 3 = Rest of the rest 4 X 1 X 3 5 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved Another Brother = 1200 Calculation: March 1 X1 X - (X - X) = 1200 3 4 3 1 3 1 X - (X - X) = 1200) * 12 3 4 3 Note Multiply everything by the MMC, which is Janua ry 12 X) = 1200 * March 12, 1200 * 12 = 2 X 7200 (X 12X - 4X - 9 (X 8X - 9X 3X = 1200 * 12 • 2X = 1200 * 12 X = The total inheritance was R $ 7,200.00. ================================================== ===================== 5. Mary left home to go shopping. He spent 2 / 7 than it had in the warehouse and one q uarter of what remains a boutique. Knowing that Mary had come home with $ 3,000. 00, which amount to Mary left home? SOLUTION The money she left the house money is K = K = K February 1 Supermarket Store Fabrics = the rest came home with $ 3, 000.00 July 4 2 1 2 Resto = K - K Shop Fabrics = (K - K) 7 July 4 Calculation: F ebruary 1 K2 K (K - K) = 3000 7 4 7 2 1 2 K (K - K) = 3000) * July 28 July 4 15K = 28 K = 28 * 3000 * 3000 15 Obs . Multiply everything by MMC, to facilitate. (K 28K - 8K - 7K 2K = 28 * 3000 K = 28 K = 5600 * 200 • She left home with R $ 5,600.00. ========================= ========================= =====================

6 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 6. Carpenter did in the first day of work, 2 / 9 of a fence, in the second day m ade 5 / 8 of that fence.€Knowing that the third day he made 220 cm and completed t he work, which is the length of the fence? SOLUTION Length of wall = X 2 5 1 day = X 2 days = X 9 8 Calculation: 2 5 XX 220 = X 9 8 5 2 (220 = X - X - X) * 72 8 9 X = • 72 * 220 11 220 X 5 = 2 X-X August 9 Note Multiply by MMC. 11X = 72 * 220 Day 3 = 220 cm 220 * 72 = 72x - 45X - 16X X = 20 * 72 X = 1440 The length of the wall is 1440 inches or 14.40 meters. ================================================== ===================== 7. I we nt shopping with a certain amount of money. Eighth of that amount was spent with butchers, ¼ at the store, the pharmacy has consumed half of the money left over t o me and $ 1000.00. What was the original amount? SOLUTION The money she took B = Butcher January 1 = B = B Warehouse April 8, 1000 January 1 B1 B - B - B = 100 0 8 4 2 1 1 1 b - B - B = 1000) * 8 8 4 2 1 B 2 Pharmacy = Left = Note Multiply by MMC. (B • 8B - B - 2B - 4B = 8000 B = 8000 The initial amount was $ 8000.00 ================================================== ===================== 7 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 8. What is the number of pupils at a school knowing that men account for 600 stu dents and women account for two thirds of all students in school? SOLUTION The t otal number of students = Q • Women = 2 Q 3 Men = 600

If women are Q February 1, men may be Q, therefore Q are all pupils: 3 3 February 1 QQ = Q 3 = 3 Men 600 1 600 3 • Q = Q 1 = Men, Q 3 = 1800 will replace, 1Q = 600 * 3 1800 students are studying in school. ================================================== ===================== 9. What is the time spent working together for two cocks to fill a water tank, knowing that an individual takes five hours and another seven hours? SOLUTION • Similar to an exercise. P. The 2nd 5 P tap takes seven hours to fill the same tank alone, so its power w ill be.€7 We must put the two together to fill the whole tank, or a reservoir, so the work to be done is 1. 1st tap takes five hours to fill the tank alone, so th e power it will power a second power = work done PP PP = 1 (= 1) * 35 7P 5P 12P = 35 = 35 57 57 12 • 35 hours P = Multiplying by 60 to know the amount of minutes: 35 P = P = 5 * 60 * 35 minutes P = P = 175 minutes and 2 hours 55 minutes 12 ================= ================ ================================== ==== 8 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 10. A tap fills a tank in 4 hours and the other in six hours. The two taps conne cted simultaneously, fill the tank in how long? SOLUTION The same, same reasonin g, 1 1 GG = G = 1 4 6 5 G = 12 hours (1 1 GG = 1) * 12 June 4 2G 3G 5G = 12 = 12 12 * 60 minutes 5 G = 144 minutes G = 2 hours and 24 minutes. ================================================== = ==================== 11. If a tap to fill a tank in 2 hours and the other empty in three hours. Being bot h open simultaneously, which will be the time needed to fill the tank? SOLUTION K. 2 K 2nd cock empties the tank in 3 hours, so its power will be - not e that this is just the opposite three of the first, ie the first fills and empt ies it, so it is a negative power. The work to be done is 1 because we need to f ill a tank. 1st tap fills the tank in two hours, so its power will be calculated . Power 1 Power 2 = work KK KK (-) = 1 = 1 2 3 2 3 K = 6 hours • The time required will be 6 hours. ( KK = 1) * 6 2 3

3K - 2K = 6 ================================================== ===================== 9 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 12. Subtracting 3 / 8 of a number, we get 60. What's the number? SOLUTION The nu mber is X 3 3 X - X = 60 (X - X = 60) * 8 8 8 60 * 8 = 12 X = X * 8 5 • The number is 96 8X - 3X = 60 X = 96 * 8 5X = 60 * 8 ================================================== ===================== 13. I bought a bike for $ 6000.00, giving input an amount equivalent to one numbers whose sum between himself and his 5 / 6 is R $ 2,200.00. If the remainde r is paid in monthly installments of $ 200.00, how long will it take to pay off the rest of the debt? SOLUTION = 6000 Price of the bike in the entry has a chara dinha simple. X = XX = input 5 Note 2200 Multiply everything by the MMC. May 6 ( XX = 2200) * 6 6X 5X 11X * 6 = 2200 = 2200 * June 6, 2200 * 6 = 200 X = X * 6 X 11 = 1200 Now that we value the input we can calculate the remainder and divide by 200 to see how much we will pay installments. Remainder = 6000 - entry 4800 4 800 200 Remainder = Remainder = 6000 - X = Remaining 6000-1200 Re s te tan Numbe r of Servings = 200 Number of plots = 24 Number of parcels = ================================================== ===================== 10 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 14. Adding my age to the age of twin ¾, we get 35 years. How long was I born? SOLU TION • If my twin brother, so we have the same age. Age = 3 K = KK 35 July 4140 (K 3 K = 35) * April 4 3K 4K 7K = 140 = 140 K = K = 20 ================================================== ===================== sum of the age of uncle and nephew is 52. Discover the age of each one, that the nephew is the age corresponding to the third age of the uncle? father SOLUTION W 1 = W = W = 52 3 a child's age = W 3 (W * 52 3 4 1 W = 3 (father's age) (age of child) = 52 years W 3W W = 52 W = 13 * 3 * 3 = 39 W 15. The knowing Age of 52) * 3

4W = 52 * 3 1 1 W = 39 * 3 3 • W = 1 March 13 The father's age is 39 years old and the child is 13 years. ================================================== ===================== 16. My salary dropped by 20%, corresponds to R $ 720.00.€What is my salary? SOLUTION • My s alary = 720 X X - X 20% = 720 X = 100% X 100% X - X = 20% 11 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • • X 80% = 720 If I remove 20% of something, it is obvious that the remaining ones will be equivalent to 80% of this same thing. Calculation. Rule of Three Value 80% = 720 100 X 80X = 720 * 100 X = 720 * 100 80 X = 9 * 100 X = 900 • My salary is ====================== or payment of arrears, 00. What was the value us one. • Salary = Z Rent = 1 Z 3 Savings = 2 1 (Z - Z) 3 3 Remainder = 400 Calculating rental income = savings rest February 1 March 2 Z3 Z Z Z = 400 9 1 2 1 Z (Z - Z) 400 = Z 3 3 3 1 2 (Z Z3 March 2 Z 400 = Z) * September 9 3Z 6Z - 2Z 9Z = 9 * 400 400 * 9 = 2Z Z = 200 * 9 • The answer is R $ 1,800.00 400 * 9 = 9Z - 3Z - 400 6Z 2Z * 9 Z = 2 Z = 1800 ================================================== ===================== 12 R $ 900.00, peanuts is not it? ============================ ===================== 17. I spent one third of my money f what is left, I put 2 / 3 in savings and still got $ 400. corresponding to my money? SOLUTION Similar to the previo

Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 18. The combined age of the father's age as the son is equal to 55 years. Determ ine the age of each one knowing that the age of the child is three eighths of th e father's age? SOLUTION • The sum of the age of two is 55 The age of the oldest is 55 X 3 = X) * August 8 In a match • 3 the age of eight other Calculation; 3 X X X 8 = 55 = • (X 8X 3X = 55 * 8 11X = 55 * 8 55 * 8 * 8 = 5 X = 40 X 11 The oldest is 40 years and the youngest is 15. ================================================== ===================== 19. Jose received a payment arrangement made with the firm where he works. Spent the money as follows: 1 / 3 paid debts ¼ bought gifts for his wife and left him $ 500 .00. What was the value of wisdom? SOLUTION • • Similar to previous, so I'll do the calculation X = what he has receive d over 500 1 = 1 X - X = 500) * March 12 4500 * 12 * 100 = 5 X 12 Calculation. January 1 X - X - X = 500 5X = 500 April 3 12 * • (X 12X-4X-3X = 500 * 12 X = X = 1200 The answer is R $ 1,200.00. ================================================== ===================== 20. Mar y walked in the first part, a fifth marathon in the second part I ran in 2000 we re still missing two thirds of the marathon to be followed until the end of the race. How many meters comprised all the way? 13 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved

SOLUTION • • X = length of the marathon They were missing = 2000 meters Part 1 = 1 X 5 Part 2 = January 2 (X - X) 3 5 Calculation; 1 2 1 X-X - (X - X) = 2000 5 3 5 (X (X1 2 1 X - (X - X) = 2000) * 15 5 3 5 15X - 10X 3X-2X * 15 = 2000 1 2 2 X = 2000) * 15 X-15 X X May 3 = 4X = 2000 * 15 • 2000 * 15 4 The answer is 7500 meters; X = 500 * 15 X = 7500 ================================================== ===================== 21. Two typists are working together to accomplish a given task. How much time is requi red if one of them alone to accomplish in 20 hours and the other, working alone to accomplish in 12 hours? SOLUTION This is similar to exercises 1.9, 10, 11 ... • We have two powers: 1 typist, power Work = 1, because it is January 1 task. • x x; 2 typist, power. December 20 Power 1 Power 2 work xx = = January 20 = 12 X 60 8 (xx = 1) * 60 20 12 15 Hours 2 3x 5x = 60 15 * 2 X 60 minutes = 7 hours and 30 minutes 8x = 60 X = X = X = 15 * 30 X = 450 ================================================== ===================== 14 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved

22. One grower, to fill a truck or melons, it takes 45 minutes. His wife, to sell al l melons, while the bus is full, it takes 60 minutes.€If the two begin the activit ies together, how long the vehicle will be full? SOLUTION This exercise is similar to previous • • X = 4x grower 1X Women = - 3 = (negative because she is working on April 3 the o pposite direction of her husband) working = 1, because it refers only to fill a truck. Power 1 Power 2 = 4x X 4x work (-) = 1 (X (-) = 1) * 3 3x - 4x =-x 3 = 3 hours M arch 3 Note As there is no negative time, then we can say that answer is: x = 3 hours =========================================== ============================ 23. A tap fills a tank in 9 hours and the other in 12 hours. These two works together, plus a third, the tank will be full in four hours. How long has the th ird tap needs to fill the same tank working alone? • SOLUTION • • Note that in this exercise, no time we're looking for and yes, one of the powers , therefore, the variable K,€should represent this value. 1 1 1 1 th power = 2nd 3 rd power = power = Time = 12 K September 4 hours work a Power Total time = 4 Power 1 Power 2 power 3 = full power 1 1 11 1 1 11 (=) * 36K September 12 Septem ber 12 K4 36 K4 = 9K-3K-4K 2K = 36 K = 36 2 = 3K 4K 36 9K K = 18 15 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • As the denominators represent the time it takes to tap each do the job alone, so the time spent by the third tap will be 18 hours. ================================================== ===================== 24. John received his 13th salary and decided to spend it as follows: half kept in s avings accounts; 3 / 5 of what is left, he bought gifts for family and the remai nder, $ 50.00, used for Christmas dinner. As he received the 13th salary? SOLUTION This exercise is similar to exercise 17, so just do the calculation.€Sala ry March 1 X1 = X X - (X - X) = 50 2 5 2 1 3 1 X - (X - X) = 50) * 10 2 5 2 500 500 X = 2X = 2 (X -

10X - 5X - 6X 3X = 500 X = 250 ================================================== ===================== 25. Ive te used two fifths of their salary on food, one third for rent and other bills, also spending $ 200.00 on clothes. When he realized, was only $ 300.00, so what was the wage received by Ivete? SOLUTION This is similar to 20. Salary = S 2 1 S - S - S - 200 = 300 5 3 2 1 (S - S - S = 300 200) * 15 15S March 5 - 6 S - 5S = 500 S = 125 * 15 * 15 2 1 ( S - S - S - 200 = 300) * 15 5 3 2 1 (S - S - S = 50 0) * 15 5 3 4 S = 15 * 500 S = 1875 S = 15 * 500 4 ================================================== ===================== 16 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 26. In a race of 5,000 m, in temperatures of 38 degrees, one quarter of the competit ors abandoned the race in the first 2000 m, and then to 3500 m,€one seventh of the contestants also abandoned the race. Knowing that only 17 competitors finished the race, how many competitors started the race? SOLUTION Similar to the previous calculation see. C = number of competitors who started the race 1 1 1 1 C - C - C = 17 (C - C - C = 17) * 28 July 4 July 4-4C-7 C 28C = 17C = 17 * 28 * 17 28 17 C = C * 28 = 28 17 ============================ ============== ============================= 27. In industry the number of women is equal to three fifths of the number of men. If more than 20 women were admit ted, the number of women would be equal to half staff. How many men and women wo rking in industry? SOLUTION H = men • 3 H 5 At issue says that hiring an additional 20 women, the number of women equa ls the number of men, then: M = 20 HM = women Substituting M = M = H 3, 3H under 5 100 5 = HH = M 20 = H 3 H 20 = H 5100 = H 5 - • 3H 3 (H 20 = H) 5100 * 5 = 2 H 100 H 2 = 50 Now that we know the amount of men is 50, it's easy to find the amo unt of women. 3 H 5 M = 3 * 50 5 M = 3 * 10 M = 30 M = 50 men and 30 women. ================================================== ======== ============= 17 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 28.

A plot of 490m2, the building area is 2 / 7 half of the land plus 68m2. How long is the free area of the land? SOLUTION • • 490 m2 is the total area free area = 2 7 is half the area 245 m2 is half the area 490 m2 - (February 7 * 68 245 m2) Open Area = 490-138 Open Area = 490 - (February 7 245 * 68) Open Area = 352 m2 ================================================== ===================== 29. Tri ple the amount that has Rui, less $ 100.00 equals $ 500.00. What is the amount t hat Rui has? SOLUTION • Very basic value X = 3 X - 100 = 500 600 X 3 = The value i s $ 200.00.€================================================== =================== == 30. Cristina and Karina have together R $ 280.00. Cristina have $ 60.00 more than Karina. What is the amount each one has? Cristina SOLUTION = C C = 280 K K K 60 = 280 500 100 X 3 = X = 200 X 3 = 600 Karina = K C = 60 K Now we replace C by (60 K) 2 K = 280-60 = 220 2 K 18 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 220 K = 110 2 = R $ 110.00 Karina Cristina Cristina = Karina = 60 K = R $ 170.00 Cristina = 110 60 ================================================== ===================== 31. A T V and a refrigerator cost, together, R $ 1,800.00. The refrigerator costs $ 400. 00 more than the TV. What is the price of each object? SOLUTION = Object X K 400 K = 1800 Object = K X K = K = 2 1800 1400 X = 400 K 2 K = 1800-400 K =

K = 700 • X = 700 400 X = 1100 February 1400 One costs $ 700.00 and the other R $ 1,100.00. ================================================== ===================== 32. In an international tournament, Ronaldo and Luis Fabiano scored 12 goals togethe r. Ronaldo scored two goals as more than companion Luis Fabiano, each scored how many goals? SOLUTION LR = 12 L = L 2 = R 5 = R 7 = 12 2 LL 2 L = 10 ================================================== ===================== 33. Peter has a land size of 540m2. Peter held a building in this field. It is k nown that the constructed area is 2 / 9 of the property. Knowing that 20% of built ar ea consumed 38 bags of cement and that the bag of cement costs $ 15.00. How much was spent on cement in the work? SOLUTION 19 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • • • • • • • • 2 * 540 = 120% of September 20 m2 built area consumed 38 bags of cement A bag of cement = $ 15.00 20% of building area = 38 * 15 = £ 570,00 1 20% of building area = the area built May 1 Constructed area total = 5 * 5 Total cost in cement = 5 * 38 * 15 Total cost in cement = R $ 2,850.00 Land area = 540 m2 Area constructe d = ================================================== ===================== 34. The sum of two consecutive numbers is 41. What are these numbers? • SOLUTION • Remember, the successor to X and (X 1) X (X 1) AB = 41 = 41 B = 21 X 2 = 40 • • A = X 40 2 B = X = X 1 X = 20

A = 20 ================================================== ===================== 35. The sum of two consecutive even numbers is equivalent to 86. Calculate these two nu mbers. SOLUTION • Remember, the successor to X, qdo. it is even and (X 2) and (X 2 ) is also par. B = X 2 X = 42 B = 44 B = 86 X (X 2) = 86 A = X 2 = 84 X 84 X 2 = A = 42 ================================================== ===================== 20 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 36.€51 marbles are split between three children, so that the second has three ball s more than the first and third have twice as many balls as the first. How many balls should be given to each child? • SOLUTION • The boxes are respectively A, B and C. The B = 3 C = 2 A (A 3) 2 51 48 A = A = 4 B = 15 AA 2 A = 51-3 A = 12 C = 24 A B C = 51 4 = 48 A = 12 ================================================== ===================== 37. Rob ert, Cindy and Rachel are together 38 years. Roberto has twice the age of Raquel and Cindy is 6 years older than Rachel. How old is Rachel? SOLUTION • • • • ROBERTO CINTIA CINTIA = 38 = RAQUEL RAQUEL RAQUEL RAQUEL RAQUEL June 2 6 4 = 38 = 32 RAQUEL RAQUEL = 8 YEARS ROBERTO = 2 RAQUEL RAQUEL 4 = 38-6 = 32 RAQUEL 4 • ================================================== ===================== 38. How many years have Rogerio€given that twice the age plus the sixth part of the same age, is equal to 26? SOLUTION • • 1 ROGÉRIO June 12 = 26 = 26 * ROGÉRIO ROGÉRIO June 2 ROGÉRIO 1 ROGÉRIO = 26) * June 6 13ROGÉRIO = 26 * 6 (2 ROGÉRIO 21 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved •

• June 13 * 26 = 12 YEARS ROGÉRIO ROGÉRIO = ROGÉRIO = 2 * 6 ================================================== ===================== 39. Sub tracting 18 from a triple number, you get three quarters of that number. Find th e number? SOLUTION • • • 3 X - 18 = 3 X 4 (3 X - 18 = 9 X = 18 * 4 X = 8 X 3) * April 4 12 X - 4 * 18 = X = 3 X 18 * April 9 12 X - 3 X 18 = X = 2 * 4 * 4 ================================================== ===================== 40. Mea sure the height of a rectangle is equivalent to two thirds of the measured base. Determine the dimensions of knowing that the perimeter is 60 m. SOLUTION Side A Base B • • • The above figure is a rectangle;€2 B 3 The perimeter is the sum of all the sides = Perimeter = 60 m 2 2 * B 2 B 2 A 2 = 60 B = 60 3 According to data of the probl em, A = 4 B 6 B = 60 * 3 10 B = 180 2 A 2B 2 (2 * B 2 B = 60) * 3 = 10 3180 B • • • • Base = 18 mere Height = 12 meters ================================================== ===================== 22 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved

41. Knowing that the length of the base rectangle is equivalent to three times t he length of time and that the perimeter is 80 meters. What is the value corresp onding to the base and height of this rectangle? • SOLUTION • • • Similar to the previous one, then see only the calculation, B = 3A B = A = base height 2B 2 A 2 B 2 A = 80 A = 10 2 * 3 2 A = 80 B = 30 perimeter = 80 A = 80 8 perimeter = 8 A = 80 ================================================== ===================== 42. The ages of two brothers are from two consecutive even numbers whose sum results 38 .€What are the ages of the two? • SOLUTION • • • Similar to 35, then see only the calculation; AB = 38 A = XB = X 2 2 X 2 X = 38 = 18 = 2 X 38-2 A = 18 2 X = 36 B = 20 X (X 2) X 36 = 38 = 2 ================================================== ===================== 43. Fin d two consecutive odd numbers knowing that their sum corresponds to 44. SOLUTION • • • • Whenever trouble speaking in consecutive even or odd number, you will use X and (X 2), if only consecutive numbers, x (x 1). X (X 2) = 44 A = XB = X 2 = AB = 42 X 44 X 2 = 44-2 = 21 X 2 B = 23 A = 21 ================================================== ===================== 23 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 44. As the base and height of the rectangle are equal to two consecutive odd num bers. Knowing that the perimeter of this rectangle is 64 meters, determine the e xtent of the base and height. SOLUTION • • • • • We've done an exercise involving perimeter Perimeter 2A = 2B = 64 Together with the base height = AB = 32 A = XB = X 2 = 30 X XX X 2 2 = 32 = 30 X = 30 2 A = B = 15m 17m ================================================== ===================== 45. The combined age of father and son is 55 years, and that the age of the chil d corresponds to 3 of 8 father's age. How old is each? • SOLUTION • • • •

This exercise has already been solved previously, 3 = Father = Son X X XX 8 3 3 = 55 (XX = 55) * 8 8 X 3 X 8 = 55 * 11X = 55 * 55 * 8 8 8 8 X = X = 5 X * 8 = 40 11 March 3 = 40 years Father Son = Son = X * 40 = 15 years Son August 8 ================================================== ===================== 46. The age of the child is equal to one-fifth the age of his father plus 2. How old is each of the age of the two together would total 50? • SOLUTION • Similar to previous Father Son = X = X 1 May 2 Father Son = 50 24 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • • • X 1 X 2 = 50 5 (X 1 X 2 = 50) * 5 = 5 X 1 * 40 2 6 5240 5 X X X 10 = 250 = 40 = 10 years Son 6 X = 250-10 = 40 years Father Son X 6 = 240 = ================================================== ===================== 47. One student asked the professor of mathematics which was his age. 2 The teacher replied: _ added to my age 3 is equal to half my age. 5 What was the age of the teacher? • SOLUTION • • Similar to 39. Age = X (3 = 2 = X 1 X 3 5 2 3 = 1 2 X X-2 May X = 30 • January 2 X - X) * 10 30 = 5 X - 4 X 2 5 The teacher's age is 30 years. ================================================== ===================== 48. In a school the students of grade 5 are grouped in classes of 40 students, divided into two floors with three classes each. How many students in the 5th grade ther e this school? SOLUTION • This is a simple multiplication;€floors * classes * studen ts = number of students in grade 5 • 2 * 3 * 40 = 240alunos ================================================== ===================== 25

Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 49. The family of five persons and the family B, four people, arranged to spend the holidays in a cottage, with the common expenses, distributed according to the number of pers ons in each family. Completion of the holiday, it was found that the family had spent R $ 842.40 and B family spent R $ 934.20; why they had to make some adjust ments in the accounts. The amount that the family had to give to family B, since the costs were common? SOLUTION • • • Family A = B = 5 persons 4 persons Family Famil y life spent R $ 842.40 Family B has spent R $ 934.20 Total spend = R $ 1,776.60 Remember, the costs are common, the divided line number of members of each fami ly. The total expense will be divided into nine equal installments,€and that four of these shares will be paid by the family and the other five B shares will be p aid by the family A. Familiae famíliaB 842.4 934.2 1776.6 cot a = cot a = cot a = cot 9 9 9 a = 197.4 Familiae = 5 = 4 * 197.6 * 197.4 FamíliaB Familiae = R $ 987.0 0 FamíliaB = R $ 790.40 Note that the Family has spent far less than he had to pay , whereas expenses were common; also note that the Family B has spent far more t han it should be paid, this excess was paid off by family A. Compute the differe nce: (Family A had to pay) - (The Family spent) = (b Expenditure Family, paid by The Family) from 987.00 to 842.40 = 144.60 = excess over the Family, paid $ 144 .60 of the expenses made by the family B. • • • • • • • • ================================================== ===================== 50. The amount of stamps I have, the more your half, plus the fifth, his third over 200 less amounts to a total of 410 stamps.€As the 30% of stamps that I own? SOLUTION • • • • • Several exercises similar to this have been solved, then see only the calculatio n, X = number of seals 1 1 1 XXXX - 200 = 410 2 3 5 1 1 1 (XXXX = 610) * 30 2 3 5 30 X 15 X 10 X X 6 = 610 * 30 26 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • 61X = 61 * 300 X = • • • X = 300 The amount of stamps buddy is 300, but he is requesting information pert aining to only a 30% of these seals, 30 300 3 3 * Re SPOSTA = 30% * 300 * 300 =

300 = = = * 3 * 30 = 90 100 October 10 61 * 300 61 ================================================== ===================== 51. The age of the child is equal to ¼ of the father's age. How old is the son, knowing t hat their sum is 50? • SOLUTION • • • • Have been solved several exercises similar to this,€then see a calculation Father = Son B = Son = Father B 50 April 1 April 5B BB = 50 = 50 B = 50 * 4 4 5 B = 40 = Father = Son 40 years 10 years ================================================== ===================== 52. Peter, one airline official, received salary and spent the month of January foll owing way: bought clothes, 20% of what was left, bought food. $ 5 160.00 remaini ng. As Peter has spent on food? SOLUTION • • • The first lim-enting = 20% * (S - S) 5 1 A * = lim dentation (250-50) 5 = lim de ntation $ 40.00 Enting to a lim = 20% * (250 - 250 *) 5 1 * 200 = lim dentation 5 ================================================== ===================== 27 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 53. Carlos received a salary and spent as follows: 40% of salary bought two clothes, bought shoes, half of the remaining purchased gifts for his girlfriend. 5 About $ 50.00. What is the salary for Carlos? • SOLUTION • • • • • • • This is similar to the previous even easier, therefore, asks only . 2 = Salary = 40% X Clothing X Shoes X 5 = 40 2 2 40% Re = sto = 100 5 5 40 2 1 40 2 X-X - X - (X - X - X) = 50 100 5 2 100 5 2 2 X - (X - X - X) = 50 5 5 2 5 5 2 2 1 4 X - X - X - (X - X) = 50 5 for X 1 2 5 2 the salary (40% * XX) 2 X - X 5 4 11 Apr

il 1 X - X - (X) = 50 (X - X - X = 50) * 10 May 25 May 10 10 X - 8 X - X = 500 X = 500 corresponds to Earnings $ 500.00 ================================================== ===================== 54. One lady bought 10 dozen eggs and three chickens for $ 1,500.00 (what the hell is t his guy chicken). How much did each and every chicken egg a chicken knowing that costs the same as 10 eggs? • SOLUTION • • • • To resolve this problem, we must develop a system of equations of first degree€whe re one of the equations is related to price and other equality between eggs and chickens. 120OVOS 3GALINHAS 1GALINHA = 1500 = 3 * 10OVOS 120OVOS 10OVOS 120OVOS 30OVOS = 1500 = 1500 = 150OVOS EGGS 1500 = 1500 = 10 150 CHICKEN EGGS = 10 * 10 = 100 ================================================== ===================== 28 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 55. A worker earns $ 120.00 per day worked and paid a fine of $ 50.00 per unjust ified absence. After 60 days, the worker received proceeds of around R $ 6,350.0 0. How many days he actually worked? SOLUTION • • • • • • • • • Day worked = $ 120.00 Lack unjustified = R $ 50.00 F T is working days is unjust ified failure Adding the days worked and absences will result in 60 days, the mo ney he received for the days worked, is equivalent the 120T where T represents t he number of days worked, the money paid for unexcused absences, it is 50F,€where F represents the number of faults. The amount he received is equivalent to money earned by days worked by subtracting the amount paid palas absences, noting the above information, proceed to the calculation; TF 120T = 60 - 50 F = 6350 Addin g the two equations above, we have a solution. TF = 120T 60 - 50 F = 6350, we ad d to this system with greater ease, we multiply the first installment by (50), t his is not necessary, I'm just doing to facilitate the calculation, you can add the manner in which the system is put up, but the calculation will be much more complex. See the first installment by multiplying by (50), the variable F, disap pear. (TF = 60) * 50 = 3000 50 F 50T 120T - 120T 6350 = 50 F - 50 F = 6350 • • • 50T = 170T 3000 120T = 6350 = 9350 170T = 9350 T = 9350 170

• • T = 55 Now we know that he worked only 55 days, and missed five days. ================================================== ===================== 29 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 56. Claude Batiste bought 25 meters and 12 meters of silk for U.S. $ 4800.00. My question, how much it cost the meters of each farm, since the metro cambric cos ts $ 30.00 unless the meters of silk? SOLUTION • • • • • • • • This exercise can be solved with systems of equations, like the previous two. C = S = silk batiste C = S = 25 meters 12 meters As this commodity is sold by mete rs, then proceed, C = S - 30 25C 12S = 4800 substituting, we have, 25 (S - 30) = 4800 12 S 25S - S = 750 12 4800 37 5550 37 S = 750 S = 4800 S = 5550 S = 150 C = 120 37 Silk costs U.S. $ 150.00 subway and cambric costs $ 120.00. ================================================== ===================== 57. At a charity party, the invitation for men cost $ 15.00 and for women, $ 10.00 (the grace of a party are women,€has neither logic if the calls would cost the same pr ice for men and women, women should get for free). Knowing that the number of wo men exceeds the number of men in May and that the amount collected to the calls corresponding to R $ 550.00. How many women have been the party? SOLUTION • • • • Women = R = R $ 10.00 Storage $ 550.00 5 = Men Women Men = $ 15.00 We know that the collection is the sum of money for tickets to men and women. Let's arm the r elations demos: 15 10mulheres hom ens = 550 Women - ens = hom May 10 (hom ens 5) 15 hom ens = 550 Men 10 50 15 550 500 Homnes = Men = 20 25 At the party there w ere 20 men and 25 women. Men = 25 Men = 550-50 = 500 Men 25 • • • ================================================== ===================== 30 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved 58. In a 870 ha farm birds, including chickens and chickens. Each chicken slaugh tered worth $ 3,00 chicken carcasses and is worth $ 5.00. Whereas the total calc ulated by the killing was R $ 3,150.00, how many chickens were slaughtered? SOLU TION •

chickens chickens chickens 5 3 = 870 = 3150.00 chickens (broiler chickens = 870) * (-3) 3 broiler chickens 5 = 3150-3 chickens - 3 = -2 610 3 chickens chickens chickens 5 = 3150 2 = 540 2 broiler chickens = = 2 540 540 chickens chickens chickens = R $ 3.00 = R $ 5.00 • Multiplying by (-3), facilitates. • • chickens = 270 ================================================== ===================== 59. Ha apartments in a building of 2 and 4 rooms for rent. Altogether there are 58 apar tments. The rent of a 2-bedroom apartment costs $ 400.00. If all apartments were rented, the revenue would be R $ 30,600.00. It turns out that only 2-bedroom ap artments were rented, thus resulting in a loss of R $ 22,200.00.€My question how m any apartments were not rented and the rent which the value of each? SOLUTION • X = Y = 2q 4q X Y = 58 X = Y = R $ 400.00? X represents how many apartments and Y 2 of the 4 / 4 recipe = R Pr ejuízo $ 30,60 0.00 $ 22,200.00 AlugueisX = R = revenue - loss • 31 Exercises: Mathematics - Resolved • All 2-bedroom apartment was rented, the injury matches the rent of the apartment s of 4 rooms. Just us, find out now as there are two flats of how many? AluguéisX = R $ 8,400.00 R $ 8,400.00 R $ 400.00 X = Y = 37 apartments • X = 21 • Y = 22 200 37 Y = R $ 600.00 ================================================== ===================== 60. In a parking for 76 vehicles from cars and motorbikes. Knowing that the total numbe r of wheels in the parking lot is 212, the question is, how many cars and bikes for this car? SOLUTION cars bikes cars = = 76 = 2rodas 4rodas motorcycle wheels = 212

• Let's arm the system cars bikes = 76 = 212 4carros 2motos We multiply by (-2) to facilitate • (Cars motorcycles = 76) * (-2) = 212 4carros 2motos - 2carros - 2motos = -152 4carros 2motos 2carros = 212 = 60 = 30 cars motorcycle s = 46 • 2carros 60 cars = 30 = 2 =============================== END ================== ================ 32

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