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Procedure

  • 1. The iKON v7.0 is opened.

  • 2. From the palette, heater is selected.

  • 3. The fluid package selected is advanced Peng-Robinson. The component is the n- heptane, Toluene and Hydrogen.

  • 4. The inlet stream is named 1 and the outlet stream named 2. Temperature also set as given which is 65 F for inlet and temperature increase to 800 F. The pressure is unchanged throughout the process. The molar flowrate is 100 lb/mole.

Procedure 1. The iKON v7.0 is opened. 2. From the palette, heater is selected. 3. The

Figure 1: Values set in the heater

  • 5. From the outlet of the heater, 2, it is set as the inlet to the conversion reactor R-1.

  • 6. The outlet stream of the conversion is labelled 3.

  • 7. In the conversion reactor the temperature unchanged as well as the pressure.

  • 8. In the conversion reactor is where the n-heptane is converted to the toluene and the conversion is set at 15%.

Figure 2 : Values set in the conversion reactor 9. After that, the stream 3, go

Figure 2 : Values set in the conversion reactor

  • 9. After that, the stream 3, go into the cooler, E-2.

10. In the cooler, the temperature is reduce from the 800 F to 65 F.

Figure 2 : Values set in the conversion reactor 9. After that, the stream 3, go

Figure 3 : Values set in the cooler

11. Then, the product is fed into separator to separate the two products which are the Toluene and Hydrogen.

11. Then, the product is fed into separator to separate the two products which are the

Figure 4 : values set in the separator

Process Flow Diagram

Process Flow Diagram

Workbook

Streams Summary

Workbook Streams Summary Name 1 2 3 4 Description Upstream Op E-1.Out R-1.Out E-2.Out Downstream Op

Name

1

2

3

4

Description

Upstream Op

E-1.Out

R-1.Out

E-2.Out

Downstream Op

E-1.In

R-1.In

E-2.In

V-1.In

VapFrac

0.00

1.00

1.00

0.39156

T [C]

18.3

426.7

426.7

18.3

P [kPa]

101.30

101.30

101.30

101.30

MoleFlow/Composition

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

HYDROGEN

0.0000

0.00

0.0000

0.00

0.3750

27.22

0.3750

27.22

n-HEPTANE

1.0000

45.36

1.0000

45.36

0.53125

38.56

0.53125

38.56

TOLUENE

0.0000

0.00

0.0000

0.00

0.09375

6.80

0.09375

6.80

Total

1.00

45.36

1.00

45.36

1.00

72.57

1.00

72.57

Mass Flow [kg/h]

4545.08

4545.08

4545.08

4545.08

Volume Flow [m3/hr]

6.607

2589.840

4160.474

686.169

Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr]

6.592

6.592

8.021

8.021

Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD]

2.579E+4

2.579E+4

4.1264E+4

4.1264E+4

Energy [W]

-9.780E+4

1.627E+6

1.686E+6

-5.526E+4

H [kJ/kmol]

-7761.7

129119.1

83641.3

-2741.2

S [kJ/kmol-K]

197.471

502.461

353.167

156.156

MW

100.20

100.20

62.63

62.63

Mass Density [kg/m3]

687.8769

1.7550

1.0924

6.6239

Cp [kJ/kmol-K]

214.773

315.982

199.144

137.668

Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K]

0.1270

0.0615

0.0929

0.1285

Viscosity [Pa-s]

4.1914E-4

1.3407E-5

1.4707E-5

1.4342E-4

Molar Volume [m3/kmol]

0.146

57.096

57.327

9.455

Z Factor Surface Tension Speed of Sound

0.0062

0.9945

0.9983

0.3952

Name 5 6 Description Upstream Op V-1.Vap V-1.Liq0 Downstream Op VapFrac 1.00 0.00 T [C] 18.3

Name

5

6

Description

Upstream Op

V-1.Vap

V-1.Liq0

Downstream Op

VapFrac

1.00

0.00

T [C]

18.3

18.3

P [kPa]

101.30

101.30

MoleFlow/Composition

Fraction

kgmole/h

Fraction

kgmole/h

HYDROGEN

0.9569

27.19

0.00052

0.02

n-HEPTANE

0.03781

1.07

0.8488

37.48

TOLUENE

0.00529

0.15

0.15068

6.65

Total

1.00

28.42

1.00

44.16

Mass Flow [kg/h]

176.34

4368.74

Volume Flow [m3/hr]

680.003

6.165

Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr]

1.871

6.150

Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD]

1.6157E+4

2.5106E+4

Energy [W]

6.946E+4

-1.247E+5

H [kJ/kmol]

8799.4

-10168.2

S [kJ/kmol-K]

155.028

156.882

MW

6.21

98.94

Mass Density [kg/m3]

0.2593

708.6124

Cp [kJ/kmol-K]

34.352

204.157

Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K]

0.1381

0.1281

Viscosity [Pa-s]

8.7410E-6

4.4045E-4

Molar Volume [m3/kmol]

23.929

0.140

Z Factor Surface Tension Speed of Sound

1.0001

0.0059

Question

Table 1

What is the phase of the n-heptane at the inlet and outlet of the heater?

Ans : From table 1, we can see that the at the inlet of the heater, the phase of the n-heptane is pure liquid as the vapor fraction is 0.000 while at the outlet of the heater the n-heptane change phase to pure vapor due to the increase of temperature from 65 F to 800 F.

Plot the graph of conversion against temperature.

Ans :

What is the phase and temperature of the separator feed stream?

Ans : From table 1, the phase and temperature of the separator feed stream are vapor-liquid mixture where the vapor fraction is 0.39516 which means there is content of water as much as 0.60484 and the temperature is 18.33 0 C.

Determine the mole fraction for each component at the outlet of the separator.

Ans : Table 1 shows that the mole fraction of Hydrogen, n-Heptane and Toluene is 0.9569, 0.03781 and 0.00529 respectively at the outlet stream 5. In the outlet stream 6, the mole fraction of Hydrogen, n-Heptane and Toluene is 0.00052, 0.8488 and 0.15608 respectively.

This conclude that at the top outlet stream which is pure vapor, contain a lot of the Hydrogen gas and at the bottom outlet stream of the separator which is pure liquid, contains a lot of n- Heptane.