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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES

EJEMPLO

/=((1+ 2) ^2)/((2+^2)(^2))

CALCULAR EL VALOR DE
x=
2
Condicion inicial

y = ??

X0=
Y0 =
PROCESO
PASO

h=(2-1)/n

EULER
i
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

xi
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2

yi
2
2.208333333
2.378720644
2.520637004
2.640384581
2.742447519
2.830157509
2.906064802
2.97216419
3.030041869
3.080975658

HEUN
i
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

xi
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2

yi
2
2.208369262
2.386191697
2.538645387
2.66991319
2.783417956
2.881976977
2.967916593
3.043162482
3.109312553
3.167696269

ES DIFERENCIALES
/=((1+ 2) ^2)/((2+^2)(^2))

1
2
PROCESO

3.3

0.1

3.1

EULER
ye=yi +0.10*(1+y2)/(1+x2)(xy)
2.2083333333
2.3787206439
2.520637004
2.640384581
2.7424475191
2.8301575093
2.9060648022
2.9721641897
3.0300418694
3.0809756581

2.9

2.7

Y
2.5

2.3

2.1

HEUN
ye=yi +0.10*(1+2y2)/(2+x2)(xy^2)
2.2083333333
2.3787555491
2.5279537486
2.6581119123
2.7716170008
2.8707302286
2.9574749765
3.033612167
3.100651919
3.1598791531

Yh=
2.2083693
2.3861917
2.5386454
2.6699132
2.783418
2.881977
2.9679166
3.0431625
3.1093126
3.1676963y

1.9
0.9

1.1

1.3

GRAFICA
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

2.2

2.4

2.6

0.5
0

2.2

2.4

2.6

GRAFICO

1.1

1.3

1.5

1.7

1.9

GRAFICA

2.4

2.6

2.8

3.2

3.4

2.1

2.4

2.6

2.8

3.2

3.4

Ejemplo
CALCULAR EL VALOR DE y =??
4
SI

/=3/(( 2 ^2+^3))

SOLUCION
PROCESO
PASO

h=(2-1)/n

EULER
i
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

xi
1
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.25
1.3
1.35
1.4
1.45
1.5
1.55
1.6
1.65
1.7
1.75
1.8
1.85
1.9
1.95
2

yi
2
2.3375
2.7371568704
3.2200453742
3.8163906227
4.5713325807
5.5553177577
6.8840505525
8.7597059987
11.5640244423
16.0937613407
24.2509415544
41.5170430397
88.7940443501
291.1876749386
2331.155485334
125009.9425737
331496632.9976
2.1908721E+015
9.0063240E+028
1.4337564E+056

HEUN
i
0
1
2

xi
1
1.05
1.1

yi
2
2.0072186195
2.0141142687

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1.15
1.2
1.25
1.3
1.35
1.4
1.45
1.5
1.55
1.6
1.65
1.7
1.75
1.8
1.85
1.9
1.95
2

2.0207136947
2.0270403619
2.0331149845
2.038955953
2.0445796804
2.0500008851
2.055232824
2.0602874857
2.0651757522
2.0699075349
2.07449189
2.0789371164
2.0832508395
2.0874400839
2.0915113359
2.0954705978
2.0993234352
2.1030750192

condicion inicial
x0=
y0=

1
2

0.05

EULER
ye=yi +0.05*((1+2y^2)^2)/((2+x^2)*(x*y^2))
2.3375
2.7371568704
3.2200453742
3.8163906227
4.5713325807
5.5553177577
6.8840505525
8.7597059987
11.5640244423
16.0937613407
24.2509415544
41.5170430397
88.7940443501
291.1876749386
2331.1554853344
125009.94257369
331496632.997647
2190872053451490
90063239602117500000000000000
1.43375638310249E+056

160000000000000000000000000000

140000000000000000000000000000

120000000000000000000000000000

100000000000000000000000000000

80000000000000000000000000000
Y

60000000000000000000000000000

40000000000000000000000000000

20000000000000000000000000000

HEUN
ye=yi +0.05*((1+2y^2)^2)/((2+x^2)*(x*y^2))
2.3375
2.319776256
2.3040198703

Yh=
2.0072186195
2.0141142687
2.0207136947

2.2899980375
2.2775120806
2.2663910388
2.2564867415
2.2476699714
2.2398274355
2.2328593451
2.2266774568
2.2212034699
2.2163677004
2.2121079737
2.208368691
2.2051000359
2.2022572952
2.1998002743
2.1976927894
2.1959022268

2.0270403619
2.0331149845
2.038955953
2.0445796804
2.0500008851
2.055232824
2.0602874857
2.0651757522
2.0699075349
2.07449189
2.0789371164
2.0832508395
2.0874400839
2.0915113359
2.0954705978
2.0993234352
2.1030750192

CALCULAR EL VALOR DE
x=
2

/=((1+ 2) ^2)/((2+^2)(^2))
y = ??

Condicion inicial

X0=
Y0 =

1
2

GRAFICO

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Y

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0
0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1
x

GRAFICO
2.12
2.1

GRAFICO
2.12
2.1
2.08

f(x) = 3.424166366x^2 - 16.1437621224x + 21.037101094


R = 0.9942983415

2.06
2.04

2.02
2
1.98
1.96
1.94
2.18

2.2

2.22

2.24

2.26

2.28

2.3

2.32

2.34

2) ^2)/((2+^2)(^2))

1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1

CO

0.05

CO

21224x + 21.037101094

2.28

2.3

2.32

2.34

2.36

Ejemplo
CALCULAR EL VALOR DE y =??
si x =
1
SI

/=sen
/2+

SOLUCION
PROCESO

PROCESO
PASO

h=(2-0)/n

EULER
i
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

xi
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2

yi
2
2.2
2.41598
2.63992606
2.86409723
3.08132224
3.28526781
3.47066785
3.63350482
3.77113613
3.8823611

i
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

xi
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2

yi
2
2.20799
2.42795303
2.65201165
2.87270973
3.08329502
3.27796783
3.45208634
3.60232048
3.72674861
3.82489351

HEUN

condicion inicial
x0 =

Columna1

y0 =

GRAFIC

PROCESO

4.2

0.2

3.7

EULER

3.2

ye=yi +0.2*(senx/2)+cosx
2.2
2.4159799989
2.6399260639
2.8640972282
3.0813222385
3.2852678074
3.470667853
3.633504819
3.7711361327
3.8823610957

2.7

2.2
1.7
1.2
0.7

0.5

HEUN
ye=yi +0.2*(senx/2)+cosx
2.2
2.5051306929
2.7537021904
2.9192527231
3.001962465
3.0282896573
3.0419849984
3.0893267134
3.2034285989
3.3928440334

Yh=
2.2079899994
2.4279530314
2.652011646
2.8727097333
3.0832950229
3.2779678302
3.452086336
3.6023204759
3.7267486142
3.8248935105

GRAFIC
4.5
4
3.5
3

2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

2.2

2.4

2.6

2.

GRAFICA

1.5

2.5

GRAFICO

2.4

2.6

2.8

3.2

3.4

3.6

DIFERENCIAS DIVIDIDAS
EJEMPLO
SE TIENE LAS SIGUIENTE TABLA
PRESION

CAUDAL pie3/seg

Columna1

lbs/pulg
30
45
65
76
85
99
110

3/8"
8.57
10.24
11.67
12.94
14.64
17.1
18

2"
16.58
20.36
23.87
27.59
30.32
36.6
39

HALLAR f(75)
SOLUCION

x=

x=

75

75

PRESION

lbs/pulg2
30
45
65
76
85
99
110

3/8"
8.57
10.24
11.67
12.94
14.64
17.1
18

D
0.11133
0.07150
0.11545
0.18889
0.17571
0.0818181818

f(x)

12.7869130053

pie3/seg

PRESION

lbs/pulg2
30
45
65
76
85
99
110

2"
16.58
20.36
23.87
27.59
30.32
36.6
39

D
0.25200
0.17550
0.33818
0.30333
0.44857
0.21818

f(x)

27.2603031952

pie3/seg

GRAFICA
120
f(x) = 13.1428571429x + 20.2857142857
R = 0.9880924586

100
80
60
40

f(x) = 3.7925x + 12.59


R = 0.9920565996
f(x) = 1.6064285714x + 6.8828571429
0 R = 0.9918882073
1
2
3

20

lbs/pulg2

Linear (lbs/pulg2)

3/8"

Linear (3/8")

2"

Linear (2")

SOLUCION
2

-0.00000004883290
0.00000006229319

1.389076E-009

-0.00114
0.00142
0.00367
-0.00057
-0.00375584

0.0000556
0.0000563 0.000000014
-0.0001248 -0.000003355
-0.0000936 0.000000694

0.00000019913261
-0.00000035448052

-6.92016E-009

-0.00219
0.00525
-0.00174
0.00631
-0.00922

0.0001616
-0.0001748 -0.000006116
0.0002370 0.000007625
-0.0004568 -0.000015417

8"

ear (2")