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Medio Ambiente y Comportamiento Humano

2000, 1(1), 57-73

ISSN 1576-6462
Editorial Resma, 2000

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Tabla 1. Descripciones de los tres estilos de apego adulto (Hazan y Shaver, 1987).
Me resulta fcil acercarme a otras personas. Me siento a gusto
Estilo
dependiendo de otros y teniendo a otros que dependen de m. No suelo
seguro preocuparme por que alguien me abandone, ni tampoco porque los dems
se acerquen demasiado a m.
No me siento bien estando cerca de otras personas. Para m es difcil
confiar plenamente en otros, y me disgusta tener que depender de alguien.
Estilo
Me inquieta que los dems se acerquen demasiado, y a menudo otras
evitativo
personas desean ser ms ntimas conmigo de lo que yo considero
adecuado.
Los dems son reacios a ser tan ntimos como yo quisiera. A menudo me
preocupa que mi pareja en realidad no me quiera o no quiera estar
Estilo
ansioso conmigo. A veces deseo unirme totalmente con otras personas, y este
deseo los aparta.

62

 
    
       

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Tabla 2. Descripciones de los tres estilos de apego al lugar
Me siento a gusto en mi casa. No me preocupa estar alejado de ella, pero
Estilo
siempre me alegra volver. Me gustara seguir viviendo en mi casa actual y
seguro
lamentara tener que mudarme a otra casa.
No me siento a gusto en mi casa. Prefiero estar fuera y no me resulta
Estilo
agradable regresar. No me importara vivir en otra casa y no lamentara
evitativo
tener que mudarme.
En ningn sitio me siento tan bien como en mi casa. No soporto estar
Estilo
alejado de ella y siempre siento un gran placer al volver. No me gustara
ansioso
vivir en ningn otro sitio, y me dolera mucho tener que mudarme.


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63

Estilos de apego al lugar

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DSHJRDGXOWR\DFRQWLQXDFLyQORVUHIHULGRVDORVHVWLORVGHDSHJRDOOXJDU
3RU~OWLPRFRPSUREDPRVODUHODFLyQHQWUHDPERV
Estilos de apego adulto

3DUD DQDOL]DU ORV UHVXOWDGRV VHJXLPRV HO PLVPR SURFHGLPLHQWR


XWLOL]DGRHQORVHVWXGLRVVREUHDSHJRDGXOWR(QSULPHUOXJDUOOHYDPRVD
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IDFWRUUHFRJHFXDWURGHORVFLQFRLWHPVGHDSHJRVHJXURDIDOWDGHOLWHP
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64

 
    
       

M. Carmen Hidalgo

Tabla 3. Anlisis factorial de los estilos de apego adulto


Items
F. I
1.Me resulta fcil estar cerca de otros
0,5510
2.Me siento a gusto dependiendo de otros
3.Me siento bien con otros dep. de m
4.Me preocupa que otros me abandonen
5.Me gusta que los dems estn cerca

F. III
0.7799
0,7046
0,8838
0,8602

0,8626
0,8474
0,7430
0,7842
0,7685

6.Me siento mal estando cerca de otros


7.Me resulta difcil confiar en los dems
8.Me disgusta tener que depender
9.Los dems desean intimar ms que yo
10.Me inquieta que otros se acerquen mucho
11.Los dems son reacios a intimar conmigo
12.Me preocupa que mi pareja no me quiera
13.Me preocupa que mi pareja me abandone
14.Deseara estar unido a otras personas
15.Mi deseo de unin hace que otros se alejen
Var. explicada: 69,23%. n=261

F. II

0,8326
0,7527
0,7971
0,7758
0,7413


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65

Estilos de apego al lugar

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Tabla 4. Porcentajes obtenidos para cada estilo de apego adulto.
Escala
Descripciones
Apego seguro
53,8%
59,4%
Apego evitativo
20,8%
21,7%
Apego ansioso
25,5%
8,5%


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66

 
    
       

M. Carmen Hidalgo

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67

Estilos de apego al lugar


Tabla 5. Anlisis factorial de los estilos de apego al lugar
Items

F. I

  "!"# $&%(' )+*)%&),!-.' / !0*1!20/(34)%&)6587), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9


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>? "!)- !#, )"@&1- @!,)+0/(34)%&)65<7), , / 1653/ $9) 9
A? "!"# $&%(' ), B )%&!#$ / ,@ / @/ !29 1!20/(34)%&)(5<7), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9
C  D6)0!24' ), B )"' !2!,;$!0+$9 ), 0!)1&' , )34)%&)65<7), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9

R L?S J<L8E<E

E8 F810!"#$&%(' )!%(' ),!20+/(34)%&)65<7), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9


G  H , !&I / !, 1!%(' ),<- !.= 1%9 !0+/(34)%&)65<7), , / 1653/ $9 )9
J? "!9 !%&)#, ) 9 )+- - !#),)+0/(34)%&)65<7)<, , / 1653/ $9 ) 9
K? "!"# $&%(' ), B )"@/ @/ ,!2"1&' , )34)%&)6587), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9
 L? "!)- !# , ), B )"' !2!,;<$!0+$9 ), 0!

L?S KP C L
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L?S G A C L
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:8 F81"%&1*1, ' 1!%(' ),)- ! = ) 919 !0+/(34)%&)6587), , / 1653/ $9 )9
 >? OP/ !24' 1$2# , )<2* - ) 34!,)-&- - !#),)+0/(34)%&)65<7), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9
 A? F810!"#$&%(' ), B )"@/ @/ ,!22/ 2# N2"1&' , 1"%/ ' / 1
 C  "!9 1- !, B )+0+$3Q1' !2!,;$!9 ! = )<,<0/434)%&)65<7), , / 1.53/ $9 ) 9

R L?S K<LP:
R L?S G<G LP
R L?S E><K<A

R L?S G L<A8E
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F. II

F. III

L?S K8E C A
L?S AP< C
L?S C L8:L

L?S G A<L<K
L?S GC J<>
L?S J<A<A G
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Var. explicada: 69,23%, n=261


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68

 
    
       

M. Carmen Hidalgo
Tabla 6. Estilos de apego al lugar en funcin del mbito espacial
Casa
Barrio
Seguro-Evit.
50%
48%
Ansioso
50%
45%

Ciudad
46%
52%


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SXQWXDFLRQHV GH ORV VXMHWRV HQ FDGD IDFWRU /RV UHVXOWDGRV LQGLFDQ TXH
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U S (VGHFLUXQDPD\RUSXQWXDFLyQHQHOHVWLORVHJXUR
HYLWDWLYRVHDVRFLDFRQXQQLYHOPiVEDMRGHHVWLORDQVLRVR

Tabla 7. Correlacin de Pearson entre los estilos de apego adulto y de
apego al lugar
A. Segur-evi
A. Ansioso
A. Seguro
-0,0299
0,1099
A. Evitativo
0,4687* *
0,0037
A. Ansioso
0,1106
0,2509* *
* * p<0,0001


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ORVGRVHVWLORVDQVLRVRV


Tabla 8. Correlacin de Pearson entre los estilos de apego adulto y de apego a la casa, el
barrio y la ciudad
Apego
Apego Casa
Apego Barrio
Apego Ciudad
T
UV8W XPYZ [
\]<^Z _^_
T
UV8W XPYZ [
\]<^Z _^_
T
UV8W XPYZ [
\]<^Z _^_
Adulto
Seguro
-0,0858
0,1752 0,0432
0,1744
-0,0184 -0,0011
Evitativo
0,3263*
-0,0982 0,4506* *
0,2464*
0,6038* * -0,1044
Ansioso
0,1419
0,1830 0,0815
0,3428*
0,0952 0,2095*
* p<0,01; * * p<0,0001


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69

Estilos de apego al lugar

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