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ANALISIS Y DISEO DE UN EDIFICIO DE ALBAILERIA CONFINADA

Obra: CONSTRUCCION DE PISCIGRANJA CARUANILLA


Modulo: I
Lugar: AYACUCHO
Fecha: May-16
I.- CARACTERISTICAS DEL EDIFICIO
La figuara corresponde a una planta de un edificio de 1 nivel destinado a uso de vivienda, se pide
disear los muros en X y Y bajo las siguientes condiciones.
4.6

18

1.1 Caracteristicas Geometricas


Se consideraran las siguientes dimensiones en las estructuras; en cuanto al espesor efectivo se
verificara que cumpla con lo dispuesto en la Norma.
Altura libre de Albaileria :

por estar ubicado en zona sismica se considerara:


t

h
300

20
20

15

0.15

Predimensionamiento de losas Aligerada


h = 12 o 13 cm para luces menores o iguales a 4 mts
h = 15 cm para luces menores o iguales a 5.5 mts
h = 20 cm o Para luces menores o iguales a 6.5 mts
h losa =

0.17

1.2 Caracteristicas de los materiales


Los materiales que se emplearan en esta construccion de este edificio presentan las siguientes
caracteristicas:
Concreto: Segn reglamento se utilizara f'c > 175Kg/cm2
Resistencia nominal a la compresion f'c :
175 Kg/cm2

0.175 ton / cm2

Modulo de elasticidad :Ec =

198431.348 kg/cm2

Acero:
Esfuerzo de fluencia Fy =

15000

Kg/cm2

4200 Kg / cm 2

Albaileria:
f'm =
65 kg/ cm2
Modulo de corte Gm = 0.4*Em

Em =
Gm =

1.3 Cargas Unitarias


Concreto armado
Losa Aligerada
Sobrecarga de Azotea
Sobrecarga de Vivienda
Muros de albaileria tarrajeada

2.- ESTRUCTURACION
Niveles =
1
pisos
H. Total =
3
m
Area =
86.87 m2
2.1 Relacin largo ancho :

2.4 ton/ m3
2.8 ton/ m2
0.1 ton/m2
0.25 ton/m2
1.8 tn/m2 x

Ec =

4.2 ton/cm2

32500
13000

kg/cm2
kg/ cm

IDEAL
: LARGO = ANCHO
ACEPTABLE: LARGO < 4* ANCH
MALO
: LARGO > 4* ANCHO

18

<

18.4

Aceptable

<

13.8

Aceptable

2.2 Relacin altura - ancho :


IDEAL
: ALTURA < ANCHO
ACEPTABLE: ALTURA < 3* ANCH
MALO
: ALTURA > 3* ANCHO

2.3 Forma y distribucin de los muros :


AREA :86.87 M^2
L = 0,042 * A * n
L = 3.649 M

n :1

(como minimos de muros pueden ser mas)

SUM L MUROS X > 3.649


SUM L MUROS Y > 3.649
2.3 Competencia torsional :
IDEAL
: LARGO = ANCHO
ACEPTABLE: LARGO < 4* ANCH
MALO
: LARGO > 4* ANCHO

18

<

18.4

Aceptable

2.4 Forma y distribucin de los muros portantes :


Los muros portantes son elementos estructurales, conformados por unidades
de albailera unidas con mortero, diseado con el proposito que pueda
transmitir y soportar cargas laterales y de gravedad. Los muros sern portantes
en un proyecto, si los muros son mayores a 1.20 m.

MALO ACEPTABLE IDEAL

4
IDEAL

ACEPTABLE MALO

Rango establecido para la distribucion de los muros

MUROS

L (mt) H (mt)

H/L

DESCRIPCION

1.4778
1.3393
2.3256
2.7273
1.8405
1.6949
1.1905
1.8519
1.2552
1.2552
1.0909
1.6216
1.2346

ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
IDEAL
IDEAL
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE
ACEPTABLE

* L es la longitud total del muro

EJE X

(incluyendo columnas, s existiesen)

MURO X-1
MURO X-2
MURO X-3
MURO X-4
MURO X-5
MURO X-6
MURO X-7
MURO X-8
MURO X-9
MURO X-10
MURO X-11
MURO X-12
MURO Y-1

2.03
2.24
1.29
1.10
1.63
1.77
2.52
1.62
2.39
2.39
2.75
1.85
2.43

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

EJE Y

MURO Y-2
MURO Y-3
MURO Y-4
MURO Y-5
MURO Y-6
MURO Y-7
MURO Y-8
MURO Y-9
MURO Y-10
MURO Y-11
MURO Y-12

2.35
2.32
0.80
3.14
1.35
3.66
3.39
1.29
3.39
0.00
0.00

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

1.2766 ACEPTABLE
1.2931 ACEPTABLE
3.75
IDEAL
0.9554
MALO
2.2222
IDEAL
0.8197
MALO
0.885
MALO
2.3256
IDEAL
0.885
MALO
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

DENSIDAD DE MUROS
DATOS

PISO N
MURO
1X
2X
3X
4X
5X
6X
7X
8X
9X
10X
11X
12X

TOTALES

TIPO EDIFICACION ( A B)

ANCHO DE MUROS DE SOGA


ANCHO DE MUROS DE CABEZA

=
=

Area
1 piso =
Area
2 piso =
Area
3 piso =
Area
4 piso =
Nmero de pisos =

m
m2
m2
m2

86.87
0
0
0
1

VERIFICACION DE LA DENS

0.13
0.23

Am =
Ap =
N =

m
m

Area en planta de muros en


Area en planta de la edificac
Numero de pisos de la edific

Am
Ap

>

N
130

Am
Ap

>

N
140

1
t=

DIRECCION X
0.13 t=
0.23
2.03
2.24
1.29
1.10
1.63
1.77
2.52
1.62
2.39
2.39
2.75
1.85

9.28

14.30
23.58

MURO
1Y
2Y
3Y
4Y
5Y
6Y
7Y
8Y
9Y
10Y
11Y
12Y
13Y

t=

DIRECCION Y
0.13 t=
0.23
2.43
2.35
2.32
0.80
3.14
1.35
3.66
3.39
1.29
3.39
1.70
3.23
1.45

27.27

3.23
30.50

X-X

Y-Y

Am

VERIFICACION
=

Am
Ap

N
140

Am

Am
Ap

N
140

IFICACION DE LA DENSIDAD DE MUROS

ea en planta de muros en cada direccin


ea en planta de la edificacin por piso
mero de pisos de la edificacin

(m2)
(m2)

Para edificios

(A)

Para viviendas de 1 2 pisos

(B)

VERIFICACION
4.50 m2

0.051749
OK
0.007143
4.29 m2

0.049361
OK
0.007143

ANALISIS DE MUROS POR CARGA VERT


Anlisis para un metro lineal de Muro
DATOS

PESO DE ALBAILERIA
N DE PISOS
PESO DE ALIGERADO
PESO TECHO ANDINO
PESO DE ACABADOS
PESO DE CONCRETO
ALTURA DEL MURO
SOBRECARGA 1 NIVEL
SOBRECARGA 2 NIVEL

1800
1
280
35.5
100
2400
3
200
0

(Kg/m3)
pisos
(Kg/m2)
(Kg/m2)
(Kg/m2)
(Kg/m3)
(m)
(Kg/m2)
(Kg/m2)

EN LA DIRECCION "X"

MURO

ESPESOR

AREA

PESO PROPIO

PESO

PESO

PESO

TOTAL

TRIBUTARIA

MUROS

TECHO

ACABADOS

TECHO

CARGA
MUERTA ( Pd )

(m)

(m2)

(Kg)

ALIGERADO DE ALIGERADO

1X
2X
3X
4X
5X
6X
7X
8X
9X
10X
11X
12X

0.23
0.23
0.23
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.23
0.23
0.13
0.13
0.23
0.23

1.158
1.651
2.153
5.101
5.796
4.634
4.885
3.727
3.280
3.300
2.100
1.310

1,242.00
1,242.00
1,242.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
1,242.00
1,242.00
702.00
702.00
1,242.00
1,242.00
-

(Kg)

324.13
462.20
602.87
1,428.28
1,622.88
1,297.41
1,367.69
1,043.67
918.26
924.06
588.00
366.80
-

(Kg)

115.76
165.07
215.31
510.10
579.60
463.36
488.46
372.74
327.95
330.02
210.00
131.00
-

ANDINO
(Kg)

35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50

(Kg)

1,717.39
1,904.77
2,095.68
2,675.88
2,939.98
2,498.27
3,133.65
2,693.91
1,983.71
1,991.58
2,075.50
1,775.30
-

EN LA DIRECCION "Y"

MURO

ESPESOR

AREA

PESO PROPIO

TRIBUTARIA

MUROS

PESO

PESO

TECHO

ACABADOS

ALIGERADO DE ALIGERADO
(m)

1Y
2Y
3Y
4Y
5Y
6Y
7Y
8Y
9Y

(m2)

0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13

1.160
3.423
3.441
6.386
3.441
2.389
2.136
3.668
1.149

(Kg)

702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00
702.00

(Kg)

324.86
958.38
963.48
1,788.08
963.48
668.92
598.02
1,027.04
321.64

(Kg)

116.02
342.28
344.10
638.60
344.10
238.90
213.58
366.80
114.87

PESO

TOTAL

TECHO

CARGA
MUERTA ( Pd )

ANDINO
(Kg)

35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50
35.50

(Kg)

1,178.38
2,038.16
2,045.08
3,164.18
2,045.08
1,645.32
1,549.10
2,131.34
1,174.01

10Y
11Y
12Y
13Y

0.13
0.13
0.23
0.13

2.880
3.161
3.744
1.237

702.00
702.00
1,242.00
702.00
-

806.37
885.05
1,048.18
346.39
-

287.99
316.09
374.35
123.71
-

35.50
35.50
35.50
36.50

1,831.86
1,938.64
2,700.03
1,208.60
-

POR CARGA VERTICAL

TOTAL

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

CARGA
VIVA ( PL )

ACT. POR

ACT. POR

ACTIVO

ADMISIBLE

C. MUERTA
fd (Kg/cm2)

C. VIVA
fL (Kg/cm2)

fa (Kg/cm2)

(Kg)

TOTAL
CARGA
VIVA ( PL )
(Kg)

0.75
0.83
0.91
2.06
2.26
1.92
1.36
1.17
1.53
1.53
0.90
0.77

TOTAL

0.75
0.83
0.91
2.06
2.26
1.92
1.36
1.17
1.53
1.53
0.90
0.77

fa < Fa
Fa (Kg/cm2)

10.33
10.33
10.33
6.78
6.78
6.78
10.33
10.33
6.78
6.78
10.33
10.33

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

ESFUERZO

ACT. POR

ACT. POR

ACTIVO

ADMISIBLE

C. MUERTA
fd (Kg/cm2)

C. VIVA
fL (Kg/cm2)

TOTAL

0.91
1.57
1.57
2.43
1.57
1.27
1.19
1.64
0.90

fa (Kg/cm2)

0.91
1.57
1.57
2.43
1.57
1.27
1.19
1.64
0.90

VERIFICACION

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

VERIFICACION
fa < Fa

Fa (Kg/cm2)

6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78
6.78

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

1.41
1.49
1.17
0.93

1.41
1.49
1.17
0.93

6.78
6.78
10.33
6.78

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

CALCULO DEL PESO DE LA EDIFICACIO

DATOS

DATOS
PESO DE ALBAILERIA
1800 (Kg/m3)
N DE PISOS
1
PESO DE ALIGERADO
280 (Kg/m2)
PESO DE ACABADOS
100 (Kg/m2)
PESO DE TECHO ANDIN
35.5 (Kg/m2)
AREA TECHADA
86.87
m2
ALTURA DEL MURO
3
(m)
LONGITUD DE MUROS PORTANTES (DIRECCION "X")
PARA t =
0.13
L=
9.28 m
PARA t =
0.23
L=
14.30 m
LONGITUD DE MUROS PORTANTES (DIRECCION "X")
PARA t =
0.13
L=
27.27 m
PARA t =
0.23
L=
3.23 m
LONG. DE MUROS NO PORTANTES
7.25 m
LONG. DE ALFEIZARES
2.40 m
ALTURA DE ALFEIZARES
0.90 m
LONGITUD DE PARAPETOS
- m
ALTURA DE PARAPETOS
- m
SOBRECARGA 1 NIVEL
200 (Kg/m2) % PART.
SOBRECARGA 2 NIVEL
0 (Kg/m2) % PART.

PISO

ZONA :
USO :
SUELO :

Nmero de pisos
Altura del primer piso
Altura de entrepiso
Altura total del edificio

Desp. Mximo

25%
0%

Ductibilidad
Desp. Elstico Mximo

PESO DE

PESO DE

PESO DE

PESO DE

PESO

PESO DE

MUROS

MUROS NO

ALFEIZARES

LOSA

DE

TECHO

TOTAL DE
CARGA

PORTANTES

PORTANTES

ALIGERADA

ACABADOS

ANDINO

MUERTA
"CM"

47,430.36

5,089.50

505.44

24,323.60

8,687.00

3083.885

47,430.36

5,089.50

505.44

24,323.60

8,687.00

3,083.89

89,119.79
89,119.79
CM

PESO DE LA EDIFICACION

Factor de Zona
Factor de Uso
Factor de suelo

Z=
U=
S=

0.35
1.30
1.20

Tp =
Rd =
Ct =

1.00
3.00
60.00

n=
h1er piso. =
hentre piso =
hn =

1.00
3.20
0.00
3.20

Periodo del Perfil


Ductilidad

Nmero de pisos
Altura del primer piso
Altura de entrepiso
Altura total del edificio

Prticos

Placas de

Albailera

Sist. Dual
=0.007he

Concreto
=0.007he

armada
=0.005he

30.4045000
Rd
/ Rd

Desp. Elstico Mximo

30.4045000
6

3.8005625

21.7175000
3

5.0674167

7.2391667

TOTAL DE

PESO TOTAL

Fi

Vi

CARGA

DEL

Pihi(V)

(Ton)

VIVA

EDIFICIO

"CV"

Pi= CM +CV

hi

Vi=(Vi+1)+Fi

3.20

0.00

0.00

0.000

3.20

0.00

0.00

0.000

3.20

0.00

0.00

0.000

3.20

299082.51

42525.79

42525.795

299082.51

42525.79

4,343.50

93,463.29

4,343.50

93,463.29
Pedif

CV

Pihi

Pihi

Pihi

CALCULO DEL PESO DE LA EDIFICACION

Periodo Fund. Edificio : T = hn / Ct


Factor de Amplif. Ssmica: C=2.5(Tp/T)1.25 <= 2.5

T=
C=

Peso del Edificio : P = CM + CV

P=

93,463.29 Kg

V=

42,525.79 Kg

FUERZA CORTANTE EN LA BASE :

V = ZUCSP/Rd

Si : T < 0.7 ===> Fa = 0


Si : T > 0.7 ===> Fa =0.07TV <= 0.15V

Fa =

Calculo h (para analisis x flexion)


Fi/V

hi

0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

(Fi/V)*hi

3.20
3.20
3.20
3.20

0.00
0.00
0.00
3.20
3.20 =

0.05
2.50

ANALISIS SISMICO EN LA DIRECCION Y-Y


Cortante basal entrepiso
Vx =
Ancho de edificacin
Dy =
Yg =
centro de gravedad
Ycr=y.Kx/Kx=
centro de torsin
ey = Yg - Ycr =
exentricidad
eacc= 0.1Dy =
excent. Accidental

PISO: 01
MURO

42,525.79 Kg
12.450 m
9.6324 m
10.5813 m
-0.9488 m
1.2450 m

PISO N

Momento polar de Inercia J =

Mtx1 = Vx(ey + eacc) =


Mtx2 = Vx(ey - eacc) =

DATOS GEOMETRICOS

(1)

(2)

(3)

ESPESOR

ALTURA

LONGITUD

t (m)

h (m)

L (m)

6.7611

93,293.09 Kg-m
-12,596.14 Kg-m

DIRECCION X-X

(4)

DIRECCION Y-Y

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

RIGIDEZ X-X

(m)

Kx/Em

Cortante Trasl.
Vtras (Kg)

% Absorcion
(Vi/Vx)*100%

RIGIDEZ Y-Y

(m)

Cortante Trasl.
Vtras (Kg)

Ky/Em

1x

0.23

3.00

2.03

1.200

0.075

0.013261

4,154.92

9.77%

0.000228

53.086

2x

0.23

3.00

2.24

3.300

0.075

0.016878

5288.223

12.44%

0.000251

58.578

3x

0.23

3.00

1.29

5.000

0.075

0.004015

1257.917

2.96%

0.000145

33.734

4x

0.13

3.00

1.10

0.736

2.420

0.001455

455.989

1.07%

0.000022

5.210

5x

0.13

3.00

1.63

1.920

7.900

0.004268

1337.212

3.14%

0.000033

7.720

6x

0.13

3.00

1.77

3.700

7.900

0.005293

1658.354

3.90%

0.000036

8.383

7x

0.23

3.00

2.52

1.430

11.430

0.022286

6982.647

16.42%

0.000283

65.900

8x

0.23

3.00

1.62

3.660

11.430

0.007429

2327.721

5.47%

0.000182

42.364

9x

0.13

3.00

2.39

3.380

13.780

0.011133

3488.214

8.20%

0.000049

11.320

10x

0.13

3.00

2.39

3.380

15.630

0.011133

3488.214

8.20%

0.000049

11.320

11x

0.23

3.00

2.75

1.590

17.975

0.027168

8512.120

20.02%

0.000308

71.914

12x

0.23

3.00

1.85

3.620

17.975

0.010492

3287.187

7.73%

0.000208

48.379

1y

2.43

3.00

0.13

0.075

1.265

0.000049

15.466

0.04%

0.011576

2698.871

2y

2.35

3.00

0.13

2.320

1.265

0.000048

14.957

0.04%

0.010698

2494.266

3y

2.32

3.00

0.13

0.075

3.695

0.000047

14.766

0.03%

0.010377

2419.298

4y

0.80

3.00

0.13

4.520

3.900

0.000016

5.092

0.01%

0.000585

136.414

5y

3.14

3.00

0.13

0.075

6.432

0.000064

19.985

0.05%

0.020457

6y

1.35

3.00

0.13

4.520

7.265

0.000027

8.592

0.02%

0.002571

4769.599
599.446

7y

3.66

3.00

0.13

0.075

9.685

0.000074

23.295

0.05%

0.027886

6501.595

8y

3.39

3.00

0.13

2.743

9.685

0.000069

21.576

0.05%

0.023954

5584.862

9y

1.29

3.00

0.13

4.520

12.117

0.000026

8.210

0.02%

0.002269

529.082

10y

3.39

3.00

0.13

0.075

13.117

0.000069

21.576

0.05%

0.023954

5584.862

11y

1.70

3.00

0.13

2.126

14.694

0.000035

10.820

0.03%

0.004766

1111.187

12y

3.23

3.00

0.23

0.075

16.450

0.000362

113.509

0.27%

0.038389

8950.387

13Y

1.45

3.00

0.13

4.519

17.341

0.000029

9.229

0.02%

0.003123

728.020

0.135729
Kx/Em

42,525.795

100.00%

0.182397
Ky/Em

42,525.795

Vx

Vy

ANALISIS SISMICO EN LA DIRECCION X-X


Cortante basal entrepiso
Vx =
Ancho de edificacin
Dx =
Xg =
centro de gravedad
Xcr=x.Ky/Ky=
centro de torsin
ex = Xg -Xcr =
exentricidad
eacc= 0.1Dx =
excent. Accidental

IRECCION Y-Y

CENTRO RIGIDEZ

42,525.79 Kg
21.750 m
1.9820 m
0.8439 m
1.1381 m
2.1750 m

PISO N

Momento polar de Inercia J =

Mty1 = Vy(ex + eacc) =


Mty2 = Vy(ex - eacc) =

CENTRO DE MASA

140,892.21 Kg-m
-44,095.00 Kg-m

MOMENTO POLAR DE INERCIA

(11)

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

% Absorcion
(Vi/Vy)*100%

y . Kx/Em

y . Ky/Em

Peso: Pi

Pi * x

Pi * y

(x - Xcr)

(Ky/Em)(x-Xcr)

(1)*(2)*(3)*1800

(4) * (14)

(5) * (14)

(4) - Xcr

(9)(17)2

(5) * (4)

6.7611

(19)

(20)

(21)

(y - Ycr)

(Kx/Em)(y-Ycr)

(5) - Ycr

(6)(19)2

J
(18) + (20)

0.12%

0.000995

0.000273

2521.260

3,025.512

189.095

0.3561

0.0000

-10.5063

1.4638

1.4638

0.14%

0.001266

0.000829

2782.080

9,180.864

208.656

2.4561

0.0015

-10.5063

1.8631

1.8646

0.08%

0.000301

0.000723

1602.180

8,010.900

120.164

4.1561

0.0025

-10.5063

0.4432

0.4457

0.01%

0.003522

0.000016

772.200

568.262

1,868.724

-0.1080

0.0000

-8.1613

0.0969

0.0969

0.02%

0.033717

0.000064

1144.260

2,196.979

9,039.654

1.0761

0.0000

-2.6813

0.0307

0.0307

0.02%

0.041814

0.000133

1242.540

4,597.398

9,816.066

2.8561

0.0003

-2.6813

0.0381

0.0383

0.15%

0.254734

0.000404

3129.840

4,475.671

35,774.071

0.5861

0.0001

0.8487

0.0161

0.0162

0.10%

0.084918

0.000665

2012.040

7,364.066

22,997.617

2.8161

0.0014

0.8487

0.0054

0.0068

0.03%

0.153417

0.000164

1677.780

5,670.896

23,119.808

2.5361

0.0003

3.1987

0.1139

0.1142

0.03%

0.174014

0.000164

1677.780

5,670.896

26,223.701

2.5361

0.0003

5.0487

0.2838

0.2841

0.17%

0.488346

0.000490

3415.500

5,430.645

61,393.613

0.7461

0.0002

7.3937

1.4852

1.4854

0.11%

0.188588

0.000751

2297.700

8,317.674

41,301.158

2.7761

0.0016

7.3937

0.5736

0.5752

6.35%

0.000062

0.000868

1705.860

127.940

2,157.913

-0.7689

0.0068

-9.3163

0.0043

0.0111

5.87%

0.000060

0.024820

1649.700

3,827.304

2,086.871

1.4761

0.0233

-9.3163

0.0041

0.0275

5.69%

0.000174

0.000778

1628.640

122.148

6,017.825

-0.7689

0.0061

-6.8863

0.0022

0.0084

0.32%

0.000063

0.002645

561.600

2,538.432

2,190.240

3.6761

0.0079

-6.6813

0.0007

0.0086

11.22%

0.000410

0.001534

2204.280

165.321

14,178.811

-0.7689

0.0121

-4.1489

0.0011

0.0132

1.41%

0.000199

0.011621

947.700

4,283.604

6,885.041

3.6761

0.0347

-3.3163

0.0003

0.0350

15.29%

0.000720

0.002091

2569.320

192.699

24,883.864

-0.7689

0.0165

-0.8963

0.0001

0.0165

13.13%

0.000667

0.065706

2379.780

6,527.737

23,048.169

1.8991

0.0864

-0.8963

0.0001

0.0865

1.24%

0.000318

0.010257

905.580

4,093.312

10,972.913

3.6762

0.0307

1.5357

0.0001

0.0307

13.13%

0.000903

0.001797

2379.780

178.484

31,215.574

-0.7689

0.0142

2.5357

0.0004

0.0146

2.61%

0.000507

0.010132

1193.400

2,537.168

17,535.820

1.2821

0.0078

4.1127

0.0006

0.0084

21.05%

0.005960

0.002879

4011.660

300.875

65,993.010

-0.7689

0.0227

5.8690

0.0125

0.0352

1.71%

0.000511

0.014111

1017.900

4,599.890

17,650.895

3.6751

0.0422

6.7592

0.0013

0.0435

100.00%

1.436188
y.Kx/Em

0.153918
x.Ky/Em

47,430.360
Pi

94,004.677
Pi * xi

456,869.271
Pi * yi

1.98

6.7611
Ji

INCREMENTO DE CORTANTES POR TORSIN ()

CORTANTES DE DISEO

(22)

(23)

(24)

(25)

(26)

(27)

(28)

(29)

(30)

(31)

(32)

V1X

V2X

VX

V1Y

V2Y

VY

VX Diseo

% de

Vy Diseo

% de

V Final diseo

Mtx1*(6)(19)/J

Mtx2*(6)(19)/J

(asumido)

Mtx1*(9)(17)/J

Mtx2*(9)(17)/J

(asumido)

(7) + (24)

Absorcin

(10) + (27)

Absorcin

El > de (28) y (30)

-1922.481

259.567

259.567

1.690

-0.529

1.690

4,414.489

10.38%

54.776

0.13%

4,414.489

-2446.859

330.367

330.367

12.859

-4.025

12.859

5,618.590

13.21%

71.437

0.17%

5,618.590

-582.038

78.585

78.585

12.531

-3.922

12.531

1,336.502

3.14%

46.266

0.11%

1,336.502

-163.894

22.128

22.128

-0.050

0.016

0.016

478.118

1.12%

5.226

0.01%

478.118

-157.903

21.320

21.320

0.743

-0.232

0.743

1,358.531

3.19%

8.463

0.02%

1,358.531

-195.825

26.440

26.440

2.140

-0.670

2.140

1,684.793

3.96%

10.523

0.02%

1,684.793

261.001

-35.240

261.001

3.452

-1.080

3.452

7,243.649

17.03%

69.352

0.16%

7,243.649

87.007

-11.747

87.007

10.663

-3.337

10.663

2,414.728

5.68%

53.027

0.12%

2,414.728

491.397

-66.347

491.397

2.566

-0.803

2.566

3,979.611

9.36%

13.885

0.03%

3,979.611

775.598

-104.719

775.598

2.566

-0.803

2.566

4,263.812

10.03%

13.885

0.03%

4,263.812

2771.739

-374.232

2771.739

4.796

-1.501

4.796

11,283.859

26.53%

76.710

0.18%

11,283.859

1070.383

-144.520

1070.383

12.004

-3.757

12.004

4,357.570

10.25%

60.383

0.14%

4,357.570

-6.346

0.857

0.857

-185.465

58.045

58.045

16.323

0.04%

2,756.916

6.48%

2,756.916

-6.137

0.829

0.829

329.081

-102.992

329.081

15.785

0.04%

2,823.346

6.64%

2,823.346

-4.478

0.605

0.605

-166.253

52.032

52.032

15.371

0.04%

2,471.330

5.81%

2,471.330

-1.498

0.202

0.202

44.821

-14.028

44.821

5.294

0.01%

181.235

0.43%

181.235

-3.652

0.493

0.493

-327.765

102.580

102.580

20.478

0.05%

4,872.180

11.46%

-1.255

0.169

0.169

196.958

-61.642

196.958

8.762

0.02%

796.404

1.87%

4,872.180
796.404

-0.919

0.124

0.124

-446.787

139.831

139.831

23.419

0.06%

6,641.426

15.62%

6,641.426
6,532.848

-0.852

0.115

0.115

947.986

-296.691

947.986

21.691

0.05%

6,532.848

15.36%

0.555

-0.075

0.555

173.844

-54.408

173.844

8.766

0.02%

702.926

1.65%

702.926

2.410

-0.325

2.410

-383.789

120.114

120.114

23.986

0.06%

5,704.976

13.42%

5,704.976

1.960

-0.265

1.960

127.337

-39.853

127.337

12.780

0.03%

1,238.524

2.91%

1,238.524

29.339

-3.961

29.339

-615.067

192.497

192.497

142.848

0.34%

9,142.884

21.50%

9,142.884

2.747

-0.371

2.747

239.139

-74.843

239.139

11.976

0.03%

967.158

2.27%

967.158

114.66%

106.56%

ANALISIS POR FLEXOCOMP


DATOS

Fa =
Fa =
f'm =
Fm =0.40 f'm
h muro =
Fy =

6.78
10.33
60
24
3
4,200.00

0.9

(Kg/cm2)
(Kg/cm2)
(Kg/cm2)
(Kg/cm2)
m
(Kg/cm2)

Para t =
Para t =

13
23

cm
cm

Relacin de mdulos para transformar concreto a albailer


n=
Ec/Em =
15000(f'c)1/2/500f'm
n=
6.00

X-X
ESPESOR LONGITUD
MURO

AREA

MODULO

A= t * L

DE SECCION

S = t*L2/6
(cm)

(cm)

(cm )
2

(cm )
3

ALTURA

h
(cm)

ESF. CORT.

MOMENTO MAX

ESF. RESULT.

DISEO

POR FLEXION

CARGA VERT.

fa = Pi/A

fm = Mi/S

C=fa/Fa+fm/Fm

(Kg-cm)

(Kg/cm )

(Kg/cm )

C <= 1.33

(cm2)

(Kg

ESF. RESULT.

SE DEBE

DEL MOMENTO VERFICAR QUE

1X

23.00

203.00

4,669.00

157,967.83

320.00

4,414.49

1,412,636.49

0.75

8.94

0.44

2X

23.00

224.00

5,152.00

192,341.33

320.00

5,618.59

1,797,948.86

0.83

9.35

0.47

3X

23.00

129.00

2,967.00

63,790.50

320.00

1,336.50

427,680.74

0.91

6.70

0.37

4X

13.00

110.00

1,430.00

26,216.67

320.00

478.12

152,997.72

2.06

5.84

0.55

5X

13.00

163.00

2,119.00

57,566.17

320.00

1,358.53

434,730.06

2.26

7.55

0.65

6X

13.00

177.00

2,301.00

67,879.50

320.00

1,684.79

539,133.88

1.92

7.94

0.61

7X

23.00

252.00

5,796.00

243,432.00

320.00

7,243.65

2,317,967.57

1.36

9.52

0.53

8X

23.00

162.00

3,726.00

100,602.00

320.00

2,414.73

772,713.06

1.17

7.68

0.43

9X

13.00

239.00

3,107.00

123,762.17

320.00

3,979.61

1,273,475.56

1.53

10.29

0.65

10X

13.00

239.00

3,107.00

123,762.17

320.00

4,263.81

1,364,419.90

1.53

11.02

0.69

11X

23.00

275.00

6,325.00

289,895.83

320.00

11,283.86

3,610,835.04

0.90

12.46

0.61

12X

23.00

185.00

4,255.00

131,195.83

320.00

4,357.57

1,394,422.33

0.77

10.63

0.52

1Y

13.00

243.00

3,159.00

127,939.50

320.00

2,756.92

882,213.03

0.91

6.90

0.42

2Y

13.00

235.00

3,055.00

119,654.17

320.00

2,823.35

903,470.85

1.57

7.55

0.55

Y-Y

CALCULO DE NUEVOS VALORE


AREA

3Y
4Y

13.00
13.00

232.00
80.00

3,016.00
1,040.00

116,618.67
13,866.67

320.00
320.00

2,471.33
181.23

790,825.68
57,995.15

1.57
2.43

6.78
4.18

0.51
0.53

5Y

13.00

314.00

4,082.00

213,624.67

320.00

4,872.18

1,559,097.53

1.57

7.30

0.54

6Y

13.00

135.00

1,755.00

39,487.50

320.00

796.40

254,849.32

1.27

6.45

0.46

7Y

13.00

366.00

4,758.00

290,238.00

320.00

6,641.43

2,125,256.37

1.19

7.32

0.48

8Y

13.00

339.00

4,407.00

248,995.50

320.00

6,532.85

2,090,511.21

1.64

8.40

0.59

9Y

13.00

129.00

1,677.00

36,055.50

320.00

702.93

224,936.43

0.90

6.24

0.39

10Y

13.00

339.00

4,407.00

248,995.50

320.00

5,704.98

1,825,592.33

1.41

7.33

0.51

11Y

13.00

170.00

2,210.00

62,616.67

320.00

1,238.52

396,327.79

1.49

6.33

0.48

12Y

23.00

323.00

7,429.00

399,927.83

320.00

9,142.88

2,925,722.82

1.17

7.32

0.42

13Y

13.00

145.00

1,885.00

45,554.17

320.00

967.16

309,490.59

0.93

6.79

0.42

SEC

Icg

(cm)

(cm)

(cm )

(cm )

d
2

Ad2

(cm3)

(cm )

(cm)

91

40

485,333

3,640

175

111,475,000

111,960,333

S=

13

310

32,273,583

4,030

32,273,583

fa=

91

40

485,333

3,640

175

111,475,000

111,960,333

fm=

33,244,250

11,310

222,950,000

256,194,250

C=

SIS POR FLEXOCOMPRESION

nsformar concreto a albaileria cuando C >= 1.33

5000(f'c)1/2/500f'm

CALCULO DE NUEVOS VALORES PARA LOS MUROS QUE NO CUMPLEN (C<=1.33)

ESF. MAXIMO

ESF. MAXIMO

LONG. DE MURO

FUERZA DE

AREA DE

COMPRESION

TRACCION

t=fm-fa

TRACCIONADA

TRACCION

ACERO POR

X= t/ t+ c)L

T=( t.X.t)/2

TRACCION

(Kg/cm )

(cm)

(Kg

As (cm2)

MODULO SEC

ESF. CARGA VERT

ESF. DEL MOMENTO

NUEVO "C"

fa = Pi/A

fm = Mi/S

C=fa/Fa+fm/Fm

C=fm+fa

(Kg/cm )

(Kg/cm )

C <= 1.33

(Kg/cm )

(cm )
3

9.69

8.20

93.02

8,767.83

2.90

10.18

8.52

102.08

10,001.00

3.31

7.62

5.79

55.73

3,713.17

1.23

7.89

3.78

35.60

874.15

0.29

9.81

5.29

57.09

1,963.27

0.65

9.86

6.02

67.09

2,625.44

0.87

10.88

8.16

107.97

10,131.51

3.35

8.85

6.51

68.65

5,139.05

1.70

11.82

8.76

101.78

5,797.76

1.92

12.56

9.49

102.89

6,348.73

2.10

13.36

11.55

127.54

16,945.03

5.60

11.40

9.86

85.78

9,723.60

3.22

7.80

5.99

105.53

4,108.14

1.36

9.12

5.98

93.10

3,620.62

1.20

8.35
6.62

5.21
1.75

89.09
16.72

3,015.97
190.03

1.00
0.06

8.87

5.73

123.16

4,583.18

1.52

7.72

5.19

54.26

1,829.96

0.61

8.51

6.13

153.22

6,105.87

2.02

10.04

6.76

136.40

5,990.16

1.98

7.14

5.34

55.16

1,913.11

0.63

8.74

5.92

136.92

5,271.22

1.74

7.82

4.84

64.97

2,043.29

0.68

8.49

6.14

135.58

9,576.26

3.17

7.72

5.86

62.58

2,385.35

0.79

AREA DE
ACERO POR
CORTE

Asv (cm2)
2.30
2.51
2.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
2.87
2.30
1.67
1.78
4.10
2.36

1.30
1.30

1.30
1.30
1.63
1.30
2.28
2.28
1.30
1.95
1.30
3.45
1.30

ANALISIS POR CORTE Y CONFINAMIENTO


DATOS
Resistencia de la Albaileria a la compresin
Resistencia del Concreto a la compresin
Esfuerzo de Fluencia del Acero
Altura de entrepiso

f'm =
f'c =
fy =
h=

65
210
4200
3

(Kg/cm2)
(Kg/cm2)
(Kg/cm2)
m

X-X
ESPESOR LONGITUD
MURO

ESFUERZO

CORTANTE

ESFUERZO

ESF. CORT.

ESF. CORT.

VERIFICACION

VERIFICACION

ACT. POR

FINAL

CORTANTE

ADMISIBLE

ADMISIBLE

ESF. CORT.

ESF. CORT.

C. MUERTA

DE DISEO

ACTUANTE

Mortero C/cal

Mortero S/cal

Mortero C/cal

Mortero S/cal

(cm)

(cm)

fd (Kg/cm2)

V (Kg)

Va=V/(t x L)

Vm (cc)

Vm (sc)

Va < Vm (cc)

Va < Vm (sc)

AREA DE CONCRETO
Requerida

Mnima

(cm2)

(cm2)

seccin
Asumida

(cm2)

1X

23.00

203.00

0.75

4,414.49

0.95

1.93

1.33

OK!

OK!

274.17

460.00

460.00

2X

23.00

224.00

0.83

5,618.59

1.09

1.95

1.35

OK!

OK!

348.95

460.00

460.00

3X

23.00

129.00

0.91

1,336.50

0.45

1.96

1.36

OK!

OK!

83.00

460.00

460.00

4X

13.00

110.00

2.06

478.12

0.33

2.17

1.57

OK!

OK!

29.69

260.00

260.00

5X

13.00

163.00

2.26

1,358.53

0.64

2.21

1.61

OK!

OK!

84.37

260.00

260.00

6X

13.00

177.00

1.92

1,684.79

0.73

2.15

1.55

OK!

OK!

104.64

260.00

260.00

7X

23.00

252.00

1.36

7,243.65

1.25

2.05

1.45

OK!

OK!

449.87

460.00

460.00

8X

23.00

162.00

1.17

2,414.73

0.65

2.01

1.41

OK!

OK!

149.97

460.00

460.00

9X

13.00

239.00

1.53

3,979.61

1.28

2.07

1.47

OK!

OK!

247.16

260.00

260.00

10X

13.00

239.00

1.53

4,263.81

1.37

2.08

1.48

OK!

OK!

264.81

260.00

325.00

11X

23.00

275.00

0.90

11,283.86

1.78

1.96

1.36

OK!

ERROR

700.79

460.00

805.00

12X

23.00

185.00

0.77

4,357.57

1.02

1.94

1.34

OK!

OK!

270.63

460.00

460.00

1Y

13.00

243.00

0.91

2,756.92

0.87

1.96

1.36

OK!

OK!

171.22

260.00

260.00

2Y

13.00

235.00

1.57

2,823.35

0.92

2.08

1.48

OK!

OK!

175.35

260.00

260.00

3Y

13.00

232.00

1.57

2,471.33

0.82

2.08

1.48

OK!

OK!

153.48

260.00

260.00

Y-Y

4Y

13.00

80.00

2.43

181.23

0.17

2.24

1.64

OK!

OK!

11.26

260.00

260.00

5Y

13.00

314.00

1.57

4,872.18

1.19

2.08

1.48

OK!

OK!

302.59

260.00

325.00

6Y

13.00

135.00

1.27

796.40

0.45

2.03

1.43

OK!

OK!

49.46

260.00

260.00

7Y

13.00

366.00

1.19

6,641.43

1.40

2.01

1.41

OK!

OK!

412.47

260.00

455.00

8Y

13.00

339.00

1.64

6,532.85

1.48

2.10

1.50

OK!

OK!

405.73

260.00

455.00

9Y

13.00

129.00

0.90

702.93

0.42

1.96

1.36

OK!

OK!

43.66

260.00

260.00

10Y

13.00

339.00

1.41

5,704.98

1.29

2.05

1.45

OK!

OK!

354.31

260.00

390.00

11Y

13.00

170.00

1.49

1,238.52

0.56

2.07

1.47

OK!

OK!

76.92

260.00

260.00

12Y

23.00

323.00

1.17

9,142.88

1.23

2.01

1.41

OK!

OK!

567.83

460.00

690.00

13Y

13.00

145.00

0.93

967.16

0.51

1.97

1.37

OK!

OK!

60.07

260.00

260.00

DE CONCRETO

ACERO EN CONFINAMIENTOS
seccin

Acero Horiz.

Acero Vert.

Acero

Asumida

Viga Solera

Columna

Mnimo

(cm2)

Ash (cm2)

Asv (cm2)

As min (cm2)

23 x

20

1.47

2.17

2.30

23 x

20

1.87

2.51

2.30

23 x

20

0.45

1.04

2.30

13 x

20

0.16

0.43

1.30

13 x

20

0.45

0.83

1.30

13 x

20

0.56

0.95

1.30

23 x

20

2.41

2.87

2.30

23 x

20

0.80

1.49

2.30

13 x

20

1.33

1.67

1.30

13 x

25

1.42

1.78

1.63

23 x

35

3.76

4.10

4.03

23 x

20

1.45

2.36

2.30

13 x

20

0.92

1.13

1.30

13 x

20

0.94

1.20

1.30

13 x

20

0.82

1.07

1.30

13 x

20

0.06

0.23

1.30

13 x

25

1.62

1.55

1.63

13 x

20

0.27

0.59

1.30

13 x

35

2.21

1.81

2.28

13 x

35

2.18

1.93

2.28

13 x

20

0.23

0.54

1.30

13 x

30

1.90

1.68

1.95

13 x

20

0.41

0.73

1.30

23 x

30

3.05

2.83

3.45

13 x

20

0.32

0.67

1.30

RESULTADOS FINALES
#

Dimetro

Area

[ Pulg ]

[ cm ]

[ cm2 ]

1/4

0.64

0.32

3/8

0.95

0.71

1/2

1.27

1.27

5/8

1.59

1.98

3/4

1.91

2.85

2.54

5.07

11

1 3/8

3.49

9.58

X-X
CONFINAMIENTO HORIZONTAL

seccin
MURO
N

Asumida
t x b

Acero Vigas
Final

Ash (cm )
2

(cm2)

Dimetros elegidos Vigas


N

barra

var

3/8

var

CONFINAMIENTO VERTICAL

Ash (cm2)

Dimetros elegidos Columnas

Asv (cm2)

barra

Acero Colum.
Final

barra

Asv (cm )

var

1/2

5.07

(cm^2)

barra

var

(cm^2)

1X

23 x

20

2.30

2.85

2.90

2X

23 x

20

2.30

3/8

2.85

3.31

1/2

5.07

3X

23 x

20

2.30

3/8

2.85

2.30

3/8

2.85

4X

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

2.85

5X

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

2.85

3/8

3/8

2.85

6X

13 x

20

1.30

2.85

1.30

7X

23 x

20

2.41

3/8

2.85

3.35

1/2

5.07

8X

23 x

20

2.30

3/8

2.85

2.30

3/8

2.85

9X

13 x

20

1.33

3/8

2.85

1.92

3/8

2.85

10X

13 x

25

1.63

3/8

2.85

2.10

3/8

3/8

4.28

5.60

1/2

3/8

2.85

3.22

1/2

11X

23 x

35

4.03

12X

23 x

20

2.30

Y-Y

3/8

2.85
2

3/8

6.49
5.07

1Y

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.36

3/8

2.85

2Y

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

2.85

3Y
4Y

13 x
13 x

20
20

1.30
1.30

3/8

3/8

3/8

1.30
1.30

2.85
2.85

3/8

2.85
2.85

5Y

13 x

25

1.63

3/8

2.85

1.63

3/8

2.85

6Y

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

2.85

7Y

13 x

35

2.28

3/8

2.85

2.28

3/8

2.85

8Y

13 x

35

2.28

3/8

2.85

2.28

3/8

2.85

9Y

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

2.85

10Y

13 x

30

1.95

3/8

2.85

1.95

3/8

2.85

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

4.28

3.45

3/8

2.85

1.30

3/8

11Y

13 x

20

1.30

12Y

23 x

30

3.45

3/8

13Y

13 x

20

1.30

3/8

3/8

2.85
2

3/8

4.28
2.85