CONDITIONALS

Autor: Enrique Hinojosa

- (type 0) Universal or General Truths (100%)
If you heat water, it boils.
Pres.
Pres.
Water boils if you heat it / Water boils when you heat it.
- (type I) Probable Conditions (50%)
If you help me, I will finish it soon.
Pres.
Future
I will finish it soon if you help me.
- (type II) Unlikely Conditions (10-15%)
If I didn´t have to study, I would go to the concert.
Past
conditional
I would go to the concert if I didn´t have to study.
- (type III) Impossible Conditions (0%)
If you had come to the party, you would have enjoyed.
Past perfect
perfect conditional
You would have enjoyed if you had come to the party.
OTRAS PARTÍCULAS QUE SE PUEDEN USAR EN FRASES CONDICIONALES
Unless (a no ser que)
(a menos que)

Unless it stops raining, I won´t go anywhere.
I won´t go anywhere unless it stops raining.

Provided that (siempre que)
You can stay here provided that you keep silent.
=As long as (a condición de que)
Even if (incluso si)

Even if it is raining, we will play the game.
We will play the game even if it is raining.

In case (en caso de que / por si) I will take the umbrella in case it rains.
Or (o)

Hurry up or we will be late for the meeting.

When (cuando)

Oil floats when you pour it on water.
When you pour oil on water, it floats.

Otherwise
(de lo contrario)

Take some money for the bus, otherwise you will have to walk.
= If you don´t take some money with you, you will have to walk

If only (si sólo / ojalá)

If only I had money to buy a new house.
= I wish I had money to buy a new house

myself) -Si estuvieras en el hospital. everything) -Si Ana fuera más razonable. I wouldn´t have gone to the party.I didn´t know it was her birthday. stop) 3.They didn´t look under the bed.. (see / it) -If I had known him better. easier) -Puedes quedarte el perro siempre que cuides de él (keep. marry him) -Si hubiese visto la luz roja.…. red light. you don´t know what I said .You weren´t listening to me.EXERCISES 1. no se habría casado con él (know. you are sick now . te visitaría todos los días -Si tuvieras más cuidado. (not criticise / him) -If you had asked me. (tell / you) (rain / a lot) ………. we would have come with you. know) -Si ella hubiera conocido su pasado.Link these sentences using conditional particles: . todo sería más fácil (reasonable... lo cosería yo mismo (needle...She was a good swimmer.Match these clauses forming conditional sentences: a) If I were you b) If there weren´t many people c) If he were a little older d) If it rained more often e) If I knew his address f) If he weren´t so shy it would be an ideal place for a holiday he might be more successful with girls the grass would be a lot greener I´d go home immediately we could send him to nursery school I´d give it to you 2.. she didn´t drown .…. break. the man died .The ambulance didn´t come. they didn’t find the money If they had looked under the bed. (have / time) ……….Complete these conditional sentences: -If you had been there. you wouldn´t have bought it.You didn´t work hard. you didn´t pass the exam . no romperías todo (be careful. sew. de lo contrario no sabría su nombre (must.You ate all the cake. me habría parado (see.…. (not win / lottery) ………. 4. look after) -Deben de ser amigos..Translate these sentences into Spanish: -Si tuviera una aguja. they would have found the money . I didn´t give her a present .

. I wouldn´t have felt sick.5. If I hadn´t eaten so much.What would you do if … ?? (Unlikely conditions) -you won a million dollars? If I won a million dollars..What would have happened if …?? (Impossible conditions) -I felt sick. -I crashed my car (tener un accidente) -I was expelled from school (expulsado) -I got completely lost (me perdí) -I broke my leg (pierna) -I got badly sunburnt (el sol me quemó) -My house flooded (se inundó) -My phone bill was astronomical (factura del tlfno) -My wallet was stolen (la cartera) -I screamed (grité) 6. -you were shipwrecked on a desert island? (naufragado) -you were trapped in a lift? (atrapado en ascensor) -you didn´t have to go to school? -you could do any job you wanted? -you saw a big fire? . I ….

. we _______________ (not need) planes. -They _______________ (not hear) us unless we ______________ (shout) louder. I _______________ (call) the manager.Write conditional sentences based on the information given -Giles will probably be late If Giles is late. I wouldn´t have been bitten by a snake. -If we ________________ (have) wings. -If they ____________________ (not tell) the joke. we´ll go without him -I hope I´ll pass my driving test Unless -Have you finished the letter? If you -I think it´s going to rain If -Don´t touch the iron!! (or) -We´ll probably get hungry during the journey (in case) -I´m thinking of changing my job (when) -He wants to stay but he doesn´t stop talking… !!! (provided that) He can stay -I want to go to Paris but I can´t speak French… (if only) 8. -What ________________ (happen) if they ____________ (win) the next election? -If she _____________________ (tell) the truth ten years ago. -If I ________________(not talk). I ______________________ (not get) wet through. . what ________________ (do you)? -If you _____________ (wait) a moment. I ____________________ (go) with you.. -He ______________ (buy) a map of the city in case he ____________ (get) lost. -If I hadn´t entered the house. I wouldn´t have laughed. she _______________________ (not go) to prison. -If I had taken an umbrella.7. -If I __________________ (wear) boots. I ________________ (not go) to work tomorrow. the dog ______________________ (not bite) me.Correct form of the verb -I wish I ___________________ (not eat) so much last night!! -If I ______________ (be) you. I wouldn´t have been walked out of the cinema -If it hadn´t been raining so heavily. -Supposing you _____________(see) a ghost.

) (7..I can’t read it c. but they weren’t able to eat there because it was closed for the day.. There wasn’t any other transport. so they were hungry.My boss plays golf 2.He gives me so much work 4.The pay isn’t good 3. 1.I can’t afford a bigger flat b._______________________________________________________ 3. They didn’t have any food with them.His writing is terrible 5. Paul was at home and he was able to fetch them in his car.9.) (3.. she fell and hurt her ankle.._______________________________________________________ ._______________________________________________________ 6.._______________________________________________________ 7._______________________________________________________ 9. So they rang their friend Paul. But the day didn’t go as planned: It rained most of the morning. but they decided to go because the forecast wasn’t bad.) (5. Luckily.He doesn’t listen to me 6..Write impossible conditions out of this text (third conditional) Last Saturday.I have to stay until late e.The offices are too far from here 7._______________________________________________________ 8.There aren’t any cafes nearby (1-f) (2.I have to repeat everything to him d. They walked from the east of the hills to the west. Besides. it would have been a pleasant walk 2.I spend so much time on the bus If my boss didn’t play golf.Write unlikely conditions with these sentences (second conditional) 1.If it hadn’t rained in the morning. he wouldn’t be out of the office so much _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10.He’s out of the office so much g.) (4.I have to take sandwiches f. Alan & Susan went on a twenty-mile walk over the Norland Hills. They had planned to eat at the café in Rydale. The three friends had other problems too: They forgot to bring a map._______________________________________________________ 5. but Trevor didn’t have his anorak and he got completely wet.. Alan & Susan had their anoraks. The weather is often wet in the Norland Hills. and it was his idea.. They were late for lunch because they didn’t take the right way.) (6._______________________________________________________ 10. so it wasn’t a very pleasant walk. and they got lost.. They missed their bus home because they got to Raveley so late. Trevor.. so they had to go more slowly after that.) a._______________________________________________________ 4... Trevor likes walking. Susan had an accident.

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