CONDITIONALS

Autor: Enrique Hinojosa

- (type 0) Universal or General Truths (100%)
If you heat water, it boils.
Pres.
Pres.
Water boils if you heat it / Water boils when you heat it.
- (type I) Probable Conditions (50%)
If you help me, I will finish it soon.
Pres.
Future
I will finish it soon if you help me.
- (type II) Unlikely Conditions (10-15%)
If I didn´t have to study, I would go to the concert.
Past
conditional
I would go to the concert if I didn´t have to study.
- (type III) Impossible Conditions (0%)
If you had come to the party, you would have enjoyed.
Past perfect
perfect conditional
You would have enjoyed if you had come to the party.
OTRAS PARTÍCULAS QUE SE PUEDEN USAR EN FRASES CONDICIONALES
Unless (a no ser que)
(a menos que)

Unless it stops raining, I won´t go anywhere.
I won´t go anywhere unless it stops raining.

Provided that (siempre que)
You can stay here provided that you keep silent.
=As long as (a condición de que)
Even if (incluso si)

Even if it is raining, we will play the game.
We will play the game even if it is raining.

In case (en caso de que / por si) I will take the umbrella in case it rains.
Or (o)

Hurry up or we will be late for the meeting.

When (cuando)

Oil floats when you pour it on water.
When you pour oil on water, it floats.

Otherwise
(de lo contrario)

Take some money for the bus, otherwise you will have to walk.
= If you don´t take some money with you, you will have to walk

If only (si sólo / ojalá)

If only I had money to buy a new house.
= I wish I had money to buy a new house

I didn´t know it was her birthday.…. 4. de lo contrario no sabría su nombre (must..EXERCISES 1.They didn´t look under the bed. you didn´t pass the exam .The ambulance didn´t come.Complete these conditional sentences: -If you had been there. you wouldn´t have bought it.. I didn´t give her a present . no romperías todo (be careful. lo cosería yo mismo (needle.. stop) 3. te visitaría todos los días -Si tuvieras más cuidado.Match these clauses forming conditional sentences: a) If I were you b) If there weren´t many people c) If he were a little older d) If it rained more often e) If I knew his address f) If he weren´t so shy it would be an ideal place for a holiday he might be more successful with girls the grass would be a lot greener I´d go home immediately we could send him to nursery school I´d give it to you 2. (not win / lottery) ………. todo sería más fácil (reasonable.You weren´t listening to me. they would have found the money . no se habría casado con él (know. (tell / you) (rain / a lot) ………..Translate these sentences into Spanish: -Si tuviera una aguja. we would have come with you. (see / it) -If I had known him better. easier) -Puedes quedarte el perro siempre que cuides de él (keep. me habría parado (see. I wouldn´t have gone to the party.Link these sentences using conditional particles: . the man died .You didn´t work hard. look after) -Deben de ser amigos. (have / time) ………. sew... know) -Si ella hubiera conocido su pasado. everything) -Si Ana fuera más razonable. you are sick now .…. they didn’t find the money If they had looked under the bed. (not criticise / him) -If you had asked me.. myself) -Si estuvieras en el hospital. marry him) -Si hubiese visto la luz roja. she didn´t drown . red light. break.….She was a good swimmer. you don´t know what I said .You ate all the cake.

What would have happened if …?? (Impossible conditions) -I felt sick.5. -you were shipwrecked on a desert island? (naufragado) -you were trapped in a lift? (atrapado en ascensor) -you didn´t have to go to school? -you could do any job you wanted? -you saw a big fire? ..What would you do if … ?? (Unlikely conditions) -you won a million dollars? If I won a million dollars. -I crashed my car (tener un accidente) -I was expelled from school (expulsado) -I got completely lost (me perdí) -I broke my leg (pierna) -I got badly sunburnt (el sol me quemó) -My house flooded (se inundó) -My phone bill was astronomical (factura del tlfno) -My wallet was stolen (la cartera) -I screamed (grité) 6. I wouldn´t have felt sick. If I hadn´t eaten so much. I …..

7. -What ________________ (happen) if they ____________ (win) the next election? -If she _____________________ (tell) the truth ten years ago.. -If I ________________(not talk). I ______________________ (not get) wet through.. -Supposing you _____________(see) a ghost. I _______________ (call) the manager. we _______________ (not need) planes. -If I hadn´t entered the house. -If I __________________ (wear) boots. . I ____________________ (go) with you. I wouldn´t have laughed. the dog ______________________ (not bite) me. -He ______________ (buy) a map of the city in case he ____________ (get) lost. we´ll go without him -I hope I´ll pass my driving test Unless -Have you finished the letter? If you -I think it´s going to rain If -Don´t touch the iron!! (or) -We´ll probably get hungry during the journey (in case) -I´m thinking of changing my job (when) -He wants to stay but he doesn´t stop talking… !!! (provided that) He can stay -I want to go to Paris but I can´t speak French… (if only) 8. I wouldn´t have been walked out of the cinema -If it hadn´t been raining so heavily. -If I had taken an umbrella. -If they ____________________ (not tell) the joke. -They _______________ (not hear) us unless we ______________ (shout) louder.Write conditional sentences based on the information given -Giles will probably be late If Giles is late. I ________________ (not go) to work tomorrow. -If we ________________ (have) wings. she _______________________ (not go) to prison. I wouldn´t have been bitten by a snake. what ________________ (do you)? -If you _____________ (wait) a moment.Correct form of the verb -I wish I ___________________ (not eat) so much last night!! -If I ______________ (be) you.

I have to stay until late e.. They were late for lunch because they didn’t take the right way. Alan & Susan went on a twenty-mile walk over the Norland Hills. Luckily._______________________________________________________ 3.) (7._______________________________________________________ 6._______________________________________________________ 4.He gives me so much work 4.The pay isn’t good 3.._______________________________________________________ .I can’t read it c.._______________________________________________________ 10.._______________________________________________________ 8. and it was his idea. but they weren’t able to eat there because it was closed for the day.I have to take sandwiches f. Susan had an accident. and they got lost. Trevor likes walking. There wasn’t any other transport. Alan & Susan had their anoraks. They didn’t have any food with them._______________________________________________________ 5. she fell and hurt her ankle. so it wasn’t a very pleasant walk.He’s out of the office so much g.) (6.. They had planned to eat at the café in Rydale.) (3.I have to repeat everything to him d.9.Write unlikely conditions with these sentences (second conditional) 1. but they decided to go because the forecast wasn’t bad.Write impossible conditions out of this text (third conditional) Last Saturday. They missed their bus home because they got to Raveley so late.. Trevor.I spend so much time on the bus If my boss didn’t play golf. he wouldn’t be out of the office so much _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10.) (5. The three friends had other problems too: They forgot to bring a map.) (4. Besides.I can’t afford a bigger flat b. They walked from the east of the hills to the west.. But the day didn’t go as planned: It rained most of the morning._______________________________________________________ 7.._______________________________________________________ 9.He doesn’t listen to me 6. it would have been a pleasant walk 2. so they had to go more slowly after that.) a. The weather is often wet in the Norland Hills.My boss plays golf 2.. but Trevor didn’t have his anorak and he got completely wet.. 1. So they rang their friend Paul.The offices are too far from here 7. so they were hungry.. Paul was at home and he was able to fetch them in his car..His writing is terrible 5.If it hadn’t rained in the morning.There aren’t any cafes nearby (1-f) (2.

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