Autor: Enrique Hinojosa

- (type 0) Universal or General Truths (100%)
If you heat water, it boils.
Water boils if you heat it / Water boils when you heat it.
- (type I) Probable Conditions (50%)
If you help me, I will finish it soon.
I will finish it soon if you help me.
- (type II) Unlikely Conditions (10-15%)
If I didn´t have to study, I would go to the concert.
I would go to the concert if I didn´t have to study.
- (type III) Impossible Conditions (0%)
If you had come to the party, you would have enjoyed.
Past perfect
perfect conditional
You would have enjoyed if you had come to the party.
Unless (a no ser que)
(a menos que)

Unless it stops raining, I won´t go anywhere.
I won´t go anywhere unless it stops raining.

Provided that (siempre que)
You can stay here provided that you keep silent.
=As long as (a condición de que)
Even if (incluso si)

Even if it is raining, we will play the game.
We will play the game even if it is raining.

In case (en caso de que / por si) I will take the umbrella in case it rains.
Or (o)

Hurry up or we will be late for the meeting.

When (cuando)

Oil floats when you pour it on water.
When you pour oil on water, it floats.

(de lo contrario)

Take some money for the bus, otherwise you will have to walk.
= If you don´t take some money with you, you will have to walk

If only (si sólo / ojalá)

If only I had money to buy a new house.
= I wish I had money to buy a new house

they would have found the money .. know) -Si ella hubiera conocido su pasado. everything) -Si Ana fuera más razonable.They didn´t look under the bed. lo cosería yo mismo (needle. look after) -Deben de ser amigos. you wouldn´t have bought it.Complete these conditional sentences: -If you had been there.. the man died .. me habría parado (see. 4. marry him) -Si hubiese visto la luz roja.. she didn´t drown .EXERCISES 1. (have / time) ………. easier) -Puedes quedarte el perro siempre que cuides de él (keep...The ambulance didn´t come.Translate these sentences into Spanish: -Si tuviera una aguja.…. they didn’t find the money If they had looked under the bed.You didn´t work hard. te visitaría todos los días -Si tuvieras más cuidado. stop) 3.. we would have come with you. (not win / lottery) ………. you don´t know what I said . break.…. I wouldn´t have gone to the party. todo sería más fácil (reasonable. myself) -Si estuvieras en el hospital.You ate all the cake. (see / it) -If I had known him better.….You weren´t listening to me. I didn´t give her a present . (tell / you) (rain / a lot) ……….Link these sentences using conditional particles: .Match these clauses forming conditional sentences: a) If I were you b) If there weren´t many people c) If he were a little older d) If it rained more often e) If I knew his address f) If he weren´t so shy it would be an ideal place for a holiday he might be more successful with girls the grass would be a lot greener I´d go home immediately we could send him to nursery school I´d give it to you 2. sew. no romperías todo (be careful. you are sick now . de lo contrario no sabría su nombre (must. red light.She was a good swimmer. no se habría casado con él (know. you didn´t pass the exam . (not criticise / him) -If you had asked me.I didn´t know it was her birthday.

If I hadn´t eaten so much..What would you do if … ?? (Unlikely conditions) -you won a million dollars? If I won a million dollars.. I …. I wouldn´t have felt sick. -you were shipwrecked on a desert island? (naufragado) -you were trapped in a lift? (atrapado en ascensor) -you didn´t have to go to school? -you could do any job you wanted? -you saw a big fire? .What would have happened if …?? (Impossible conditions) -I felt sick.5. -I crashed my car (tener un accidente) -I was expelled from school (expulsado) -I got completely lost (me perdí) -I broke my leg (pierna) -I got badly sunburnt (el sol me quemó) -My house flooded (se inundó) -My phone bill was astronomical (factura del tlfno) -My wallet was stolen (la cartera) -I screamed (grité) 6.

I wouldn´t have laughed. -If I __________________ (wear) boots. we´ll go without him -I hope I´ll pass my driving test Unless -Have you finished the letter? If you -I think it´s going to rain If -Don´t touch the iron!! (or) -We´ll probably get hungry during the journey (in case) -I´m thinking of changing my job (when) -He wants to stay but he doesn´t stop talking… !!! (provided that) He can stay -I want to go to Paris but I can´t speak French… (if only) 8. I ________________ (not go) to work tomorrow.7. I ______________________ (not get) wet through... -If we ________________ (have) wings. I _______________ (call) the manager.Correct form of the verb -I wish I ___________________ (not eat) so much last night!! -If I ______________ (be) you. -They _______________ (not hear) us unless we ______________ (shout) louder. -If I had taken an umbrella. what ________________ (do you)? -If you _____________ (wait) a moment. the dog ______________________ (not bite) me. . -Supposing you _____________(see) a ghost. -What ________________ (happen) if they ____________ (win) the next election? -If she _____________________ (tell) the truth ten years ago. -He ______________ (buy) a map of the city in case he ____________ (get) lost. I ____________________ (go) with you. -If they ____________________ (not tell) the joke. I wouldn´t have been bitten by a snake. she _______________________ (not go) to prison. I wouldn´t have been walked out of the cinema -If it hadn´t been raining so heavily. we _______________ (not need) planes. -If I hadn´t entered the house. -If I ________________(not talk).Write conditional sentences based on the information given -Giles will probably be late If Giles is late.

Alan & Susan went on a twenty-mile walk over the Norland Hills.._______________________________________________________ 3.I can’t read it c.He doesn’t listen to me 6. They had planned to eat at the café in Rydale.The pay isn’t good 3._______________________________________________________ 4. and it was his idea.I spend so much time on the bus If my boss didn’t play golf. so they were hungry. so it wasn’t a very pleasant walk. But the day didn’t go as planned: It rained most of the morning. Besides. So they rang their friend Paul. but they decided to go because the forecast wasn’t bad. Trevor. it would have been a pleasant walk 2. Luckily.) (3. and they got lost.) (6.. They didn’t have any food with them. There wasn’t any other transport. he wouldn’t be out of the office so much _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10. Paul was at home and he was able to fetch them in his car. Trevor likes walking.. They were late for lunch because they didn’t take the right way.If it hadn’t rained in the morning.) a. she fell and hurt her ankle.The offices are too far from here 7.._______________________________________________________ 5. Susan had an accident.I can’t afford a bigger flat b.Write impossible conditions out of this text (third conditional) Last Saturday. The weather is often wet in the Norland Hills.Write unlikely conditions with these sentences (second conditional) 1. Alan & Susan had their anoraks.He’s out of the office so much g. 1._______________________________________________________ 7.._______________________________________________________ 9.9.. but they weren’t able to eat there because it was closed for the day.I have to repeat everything to him d. but Trevor didn’t have his anorak and he got completely wet.My boss plays golf 2.. They walked from the east of the hills to the west._______________________________________________________ .) (4.There aren’t any cafes nearby (1-f) (2._______________________________________________________ 10.._______________________________________________________ 6. The three friends had other problems too: They forgot to bring a map._______________________________________________________ 8.He gives me so much work 4. so they had to go more slowly after that. They missed their bus home because they got to Raveley so late.I have to stay until late e.His writing is terrible 5...) (7...I have to take sandwiches f.) (5.

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