CONDITIONALS

Autor: Enrique Hinojosa

- (type 0) Universal or General Truths (100%)
If you heat water, it boils.
Pres.
Pres.
Water boils if you heat it / Water boils when you heat it.
- (type I) Probable Conditions (50%)
If you help me, I will finish it soon.
Pres.
Future
I will finish it soon if you help me.
- (type II) Unlikely Conditions (10-15%)
If I didn´t have to study, I would go to the concert.
Past
conditional
I would go to the concert if I didn´t have to study.
- (type III) Impossible Conditions (0%)
If you had come to the party, you would have enjoyed.
Past perfect
perfect conditional
You would have enjoyed if you had come to the party.
OTRAS PARTÍCULAS QUE SE PUEDEN USAR EN FRASES CONDICIONALES
Unless (a no ser que)
(a menos que)

Unless it stops raining, I won´t go anywhere.
I won´t go anywhere unless it stops raining.

Provided that (siempre que)
You can stay here provided that you keep silent.
=As long as (a condición de que)
Even if (incluso si)

Even if it is raining, we will play the game.
We will play the game even if it is raining.

In case (en caso de que / por si) I will take the umbrella in case it rains.
Or (o)

Hurry up or we will be late for the meeting.

When (cuando)

Oil floats when you pour it on water.
When you pour oil on water, it floats.

Otherwise
(de lo contrario)

Take some money for the bus, otherwise you will have to walk.
= If you don´t take some money with you, you will have to walk

If only (si sólo / ojalá)

If only I had money to buy a new house.
= I wish I had money to buy a new house

(not criticise / him) -If you had asked me. you don´t know what I said . they would have found the money .Complete these conditional sentences: -If you had been there.I didn´t know it was her birthday. todo sería más fácil (reasonable.Match these clauses forming conditional sentences: a) If I were you b) If there weren´t many people c) If he were a little older d) If it rained more often e) If I knew his address f) If he weren´t so shy it would be an ideal place for a holiday he might be more successful with girls the grass would be a lot greener I´d go home immediately we could send him to nursery school I´d give it to you 2. break. (see / it) -If I had known him better. know) -Si ella hubiera conocido su pasado. everything) -Si Ana fuera más razonable. (tell / you) (rain / a lot) ……….You ate all the cake. the man died . te visitaría todos los días -Si tuvieras más cuidado..Translate these sentences into Spanish: -Si tuviera una aguja. easier) -Puedes quedarte el perro siempre que cuides de él (keep..You weren´t listening to me. I didn´t give her a present . stop) 3. I wouldn´t have gone to the party..…. marry him) -Si hubiese visto la luz roja. sew. you are sick now . you wouldn´t have bought it.EXERCISES 1. 4. they didn’t find the money If they had looked under the bed.…..You didn´t work hard. me habría parado (see.The ambulance didn´t come. (have / time) ……….Link these sentences using conditional particles: .. you didn´t pass the exam . red light. we would have come with you. lo cosería yo mismo (needle.She was a good swimmer.. no se habría casado con él (know. (not win / lottery) ……….…. she didn´t drown . myself) -Si estuvieras en el hospital. de lo contrario no sabría su nombre (must.They didn´t look under the bed. look after) -Deben de ser amigos. no romperías todo (be careful..

.What would have happened if …?? (Impossible conditions) -I felt sick. I wouldn´t have felt sick.What would you do if … ?? (Unlikely conditions) -you won a million dollars? If I won a million dollars. -I crashed my car (tener un accidente) -I was expelled from school (expulsado) -I got completely lost (me perdí) -I broke my leg (pierna) -I got badly sunburnt (el sol me quemó) -My house flooded (se inundó) -My phone bill was astronomical (factura del tlfno) -My wallet was stolen (la cartera) -I screamed (grité) 6.5. I …. -you were shipwrecked on a desert island? (naufragado) -you were trapped in a lift? (atrapado en ascensor) -you didn´t have to go to school? -you could do any job you wanted? -you saw a big fire? . If I hadn´t eaten so much..

she _______________________ (not go) to prison. . -If they ____________________ (not tell) the joke.Correct form of the verb -I wish I ___________________ (not eat) so much last night!! -If I ______________ (be) you. -They _______________ (not hear) us unless we ______________ (shout) louder. I wouldn´t have been walked out of the cinema -If it hadn´t been raining so heavily. -If I had taken an umbrella. -What ________________ (happen) if they ____________ (win) the next election? -If she _____________________ (tell) the truth ten years ago..Write conditional sentences based on the information given -Giles will probably be late If Giles is late. the dog ______________________ (not bite) me. -If I hadn´t entered the house. we _______________ (not need) planes. -If I ________________(not talk). I wouldn´t have laughed. -If I __________________ (wear) boots. -Supposing you _____________(see) a ghost. I wouldn´t have been bitten by a snake. we´ll go without him -I hope I´ll pass my driving test Unless -Have you finished the letter? If you -I think it´s going to rain If -Don´t touch the iron!! (or) -We´ll probably get hungry during the journey (in case) -I´m thinking of changing my job (when) -He wants to stay but he doesn´t stop talking… !!! (provided that) He can stay -I want to go to Paris but I can´t speak French… (if only) 8. I _______________ (call) the manager. I ______________________ (not get) wet through. -He ______________ (buy) a map of the city in case he ____________ (get) lost. I ____________________ (go) with you. I ________________ (not go) to work tomorrow. what ________________ (do you)? -If you _____________ (wait) a moment. -If we ________________ (have) wings..7.

The weather is often wet in the Norland Hills.._______________________________________________________ 4..My boss plays golf 2.. so they had to go more slowly after that.His writing is terrible 5. Luckily.I can’t afford a bigger flat b. but they decided to go because the forecast wasn’t bad. so they were hungry. They had planned to eat at the café in Rydale.) a. but they weren’t able to eat there because it was closed for the day. Alan & Susan had their anoraks. But the day didn’t go as planned: It rained most of the morning.He doesn’t listen to me 6._______________________________________________________ 10.. Trevor.9._______________________________________________________ 3. 1... The three friends had other problems too: They forgot to bring a map..He’s out of the office so much g._______________________________________________________ .. They walked from the east of the hills to the west.I spend so much time on the bus If my boss didn’t play golf.) (6._______________________________________________________ 8.Write impossible conditions out of this text (third conditional) Last Saturday. There wasn’t any other transport. Besides._______________________________________________________ 9.._______________________________________________________ 6. Alan & Susan went on a twenty-mile walk over the Norland Hills. she fell and hurt her ankle..I have to stay until late e.There aren’t any cafes nearby (1-f) (2.) (4.) (5. so it wasn’t a very pleasant walk. but Trevor didn’t have his anorak and he got completely wet. So they rang their friend Paul. he wouldn’t be out of the office so much _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10.He gives me so much work 4. Susan had an accident.) (7. and it was his idea.) (3. They missed their bus home because they got to Raveley so late. it would have been a pleasant walk 2. They were late for lunch because they didn’t take the right way.The pay isn’t good 3. and they got lost.I can’t read it c. They didn’t have any food with them. Trevor likes walking.If it hadn’t rained in the morning.I have to take sandwiches f..I have to repeat everything to him d._______________________________________________________ 7. Paul was at home and he was able to fetch them in his car.The offices are too far from here 7.Write unlikely conditions with these sentences (second conditional) 1.._______________________________________________________ 5.

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