CONDITIONALS

Autor: Enrique Hinojosa

- (type 0) Universal or General Truths (100%)
If you heat water, it boils.
Pres.
Pres.
Water boils if you heat it / Water boils when you heat it.
- (type I) Probable Conditions (50%)
If you help me, I will finish it soon.
Pres.
Future
I will finish it soon if you help me.
- (type II) Unlikely Conditions (10-15%)
If I didn´t have to study, I would go to the concert.
Past
conditional
I would go to the concert if I didn´t have to study.
- (type III) Impossible Conditions (0%)
If you had come to the party, you would have enjoyed.
Past perfect
perfect conditional
You would have enjoyed if you had come to the party.
OTRAS PARTÍCULAS QUE SE PUEDEN USAR EN FRASES CONDICIONALES
Unless (a no ser que)
(a menos que)

Unless it stops raining, I won´t go anywhere.
I won´t go anywhere unless it stops raining.

Provided that (siempre que)
You can stay here provided that you keep silent.
=As long as (a condición de que)
Even if (incluso si)

Even if it is raining, we will play the game.
We will play the game even if it is raining.

In case (en caso de que / por si) I will take the umbrella in case it rains.
Or (o)

Hurry up or we will be late for the meeting.

When (cuando)

Oil floats when you pour it on water.
When you pour oil on water, it floats.

Otherwise
(de lo contrario)

Take some money for the bus, otherwise you will have to walk.
= If you don´t take some money with you, you will have to walk

If only (si sólo / ojalá)

If only I had money to buy a new house.
= I wish I had money to buy a new house

. break. you don´t know what I said .You didn´t work hard. you wouldn´t have bought it. de lo contrario no sabría su nombre (must. know) -Si ella hubiera conocido su pasado. the man died ..….. (have / time) ………. I didn´t give her a present ..Complete these conditional sentences: -If you had been there.They didn´t look under the bed.You ate all the cake. they didn’t find the money If they had looked under the bed. 4..Link these sentences using conditional particles: . (tell / you) (rain / a lot) ………. (see / it) -If I had known him better.The ambulance didn´t come.….EXERCISES 1. sew. no se habría casado con él (know. marry him) -Si hubiese visto la luz roja. lo cosería yo mismo (needle. stop) 3.I didn´t know it was her birthday.…. me habría parado (see. no romperías todo (be careful. te visitaría todos los días -Si tuvieras más cuidado. myself) -Si estuvieras en el hospital. (not criticise / him) -If you had asked me. (not win / lottery) ………. todo sería más fácil (reasonable.. we would have come with you.You weren´t listening to me.Translate these sentences into Spanish: -Si tuviera una aguja. she didn´t drown . easier) -Puedes quedarte el perro siempre que cuides de él (keep. you are sick now . I wouldn´t have gone to the party. you didn´t pass the exam . look after) -Deben de ser amigos. red light.. they would have found the money .Match these clauses forming conditional sentences: a) If I were you b) If there weren´t many people c) If he were a little older d) If it rained more often e) If I knew his address f) If he weren´t so shy it would be an ideal place for a holiday he might be more successful with girls the grass would be a lot greener I´d go home immediately we could send him to nursery school I´d give it to you 2.She was a good swimmer. everything) -Si Ana fuera más razonable.

What would you do if … ?? (Unlikely conditions) -you won a million dollars? If I won a million dollars.. -you were shipwrecked on a desert island? (naufragado) -you were trapped in a lift? (atrapado en ascensor) -you didn´t have to go to school? -you could do any job you wanted? -you saw a big fire? .5.. I …. -I crashed my car (tener un accidente) -I was expelled from school (expulsado) -I got completely lost (me perdí) -I broke my leg (pierna) -I got badly sunburnt (el sol me quemó) -My house flooded (se inundó) -My phone bill was astronomical (factura del tlfno) -My wallet was stolen (la cartera) -I screamed (grité) 6.What would have happened if …?? (Impossible conditions) -I felt sick. I wouldn´t have felt sick. If I hadn´t eaten so much.

what ________________ (do you)? -If you _____________ (wait) a moment. -Supposing you _____________(see) a ghost. -If I ________________(not talk). . I ________________ (not go) to work tomorrow. I wouldn´t have been bitten by a snake. we _______________ (not need) planes.7. I ____________________ (go) with you. -If I hadn´t entered the house.. -If I had taken an umbrella.Write conditional sentences based on the information given -Giles will probably be late If Giles is late. I _______________ (call) the manager. I wouldn´t have laughed. we´ll go without him -I hope I´ll pass my driving test Unless -Have you finished the letter? If you -I think it´s going to rain If -Don´t touch the iron!! (or) -We´ll probably get hungry during the journey (in case) -I´m thinking of changing my job (when) -He wants to stay but he doesn´t stop talking… !!! (provided that) He can stay -I want to go to Paris but I can´t speak French… (if only) 8. -If we ________________ (have) wings. -If I __________________ (wear) boots. she _______________________ (not go) to prison. the dog ______________________ (not bite) me. -If they ____________________ (not tell) the joke.Correct form of the verb -I wish I ___________________ (not eat) so much last night!! -If I ______________ (be) you. -He ______________ (buy) a map of the city in case he ____________ (get) lost. I ______________________ (not get) wet through. -What ________________ (happen) if they ____________ (win) the next election? -If she _____________________ (tell) the truth ten years ago.. I wouldn´t have been walked out of the cinema -If it hadn´t been raining so heavily. -They _______________ (not hear) us unless we ______________ (shout) louder.

If it hadn’t rained in the morning... Alan & Susan had their anoraks.. Trevor._______________________________________________________ . They walked from the east of the hills to the west.He’s out of the office so much g. So they rang their friend Paul.. it would have been a pleasant walk 2.. she fell and hurt her ankle.He gives me so much work 4._______________________________________________________ 7..) (3.) (5. Susan had an accident.9.I have to take sandwiches f. Luckily._______________________________________________________ 5.) (4._______________________________________________________ 8.I have to stay until late e.The offices are too far from here 7.. so they were hungry. The weather is often wet in the Norland Hills.I have to repeat everything to him d._______________________________________________________ 6.) (6.Write impossible conditions out of this text (third conditional) Last Saturday.I spend so much time on the bus If my boss didn’t play golf._______________________________________________________ 10. But the day didn’t go as planned: It rained most of the morning.) (7. but Trevor didn’t have his anorak and he got completely wet.I can’t afford a bigger flat b.His writing is terrible 5.He doesn’t listen to me 6._______________________________________________________ 9. They didn’t have any food with them.The pay isn’t good 3.There aren’t any cafes nearby (1-f) (2. Paul was at home and he was able to fetch them in his car. They missed their bus home because they got to Raveley so late. but they weren’t able to eat there because it was closed for the day. Trevor likes walking. Alan & Susan went on a twenty-mile walk over the Norland Hills. and they got lost. 1._______________________________________________________ 4._______________________________________________________ 3.My boss plays golf 2. They were late for lunch because they didn’t take the right way.. but they decided to go because the forecast wasn’t bad... They had planned to eat at the café in Rydale.Write unlikely conditions with these sentences (second conditional) 1.. so they had to go more slowly after that.I can’t read it c.. The three friends had other problems too: They forgot to bring a map. There wasn’t any other transport. so it wasn’t a very pleasant walk. and it was his idea. Besides. he wouldn’t be out of the office so much _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10.) a.

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