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Col·lecció Llengua, immigració i ensenyament del català, núm.

EL XINÈS

ESTUDI COMPARATIU
ENTRE LA GRAMÀTICA DEL CATALÀ I LA DEL XINÈS

Lluïsa Gràcia

Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica


Gabinet d’Assessorament Lingüístic per a la Immigració
Universitat de Girona

Generalitat de Catalunya
Departament de Benestar i Família
Gràcia i Solé, Lluïsa
El Xinès : estudi comparatiu entre la gramàtica del català i la del xinès. – 2a ed. – (Llengua, immigració i
ensenyament del català ; 3)
Bibliografia
ISBN 84-393-6954-9
I. Catalunya. Departament de Benestar i Família II. Col·lecció: Llengua, immigració i ensenyament del català ; 3
1. Català – Gramàtica comparada – Xinès 2. Xinès - Gramàtica comparada - Català 3. Català – Ensenyament –
Estudiants estrangers
804.99-5:809.51-5

El projecte “Llengua, immigració i ensenyament del català” ha estat finançat pel Departament de Benestar i Família
de la Generalitat de Catalunya a través d’un conveni de col·laboració amb la Universitat de Girona (2000-2001).

Els investigadors que han treballat en la redacció dels resultats d’aquest projecte són:

Lluïsa Gràcia Solé (coordinadora) Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)


Joan Miquel Contreras Heras Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)
Jordi Farrés Nierga SEDEC, Girona
Xavier Lamuela Garcia Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)
Juan Carlos Moreno Cabrera Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Marcos Orozco Pairet Becari del projecte (UdG)
Francesc Roca Urgell Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)
Raquel Sánchez Avendaño Estudiant de màster (UdG)
Josep M. Serra Bonet Grup de Cultura i Educació (UdG)
Elisabet Serrat Sellabona Grup de Cultura i Educació (UdG)

Han participat en l’elaboració i reimpressió d’aquest volum com a becaris, col·laboradors o revisors:

Roser Agustí Hereu Becària (UdG)


Berta Crous Castañé Becària (UdG)
Olga Fullana Noell Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG i IEC)
Lizz Gauvreau O’Hagan Becària del projecte (UdG)
Ha&i Fe#ng Hóng Girona
Cristina Juher Barrot Universitat de Girona
Meritxell Marí Rodríguez Becària del projecte (UdG)
Marcos Orozco Pairet Becari del projecte (UdG)
Laura Riera Casellas Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)
Lídia Turon Planella Grup de Lèxic i Gramàtica (UdG)

© Generalitat de Catalunya
Departament de Benestar i Família

Primera edició: abril de 2002


Primera reimpressió revisada: maig de 2003
Segona edició: desembre de 2005
Tiratge: 2.000 exemplars
Dipòsit legal: B. 51768-05
Disseny: THAU, S.L.
Impressió: Agpograf
PRESENTACIÓ

Em plau presentar-vos una reedició dels deu volums de la col·lecció «Llengua,


immigració i ensenyament del català» que el Departament de Benestar i Família edita
amb la voluntat d’ajudar a conèixer la nostra societat i d’acollir les persones que arriben
d’arreu del món. Cadascun dels volums és fruit d’un estudi destinat a fer notar els
aspectes lingüístics que poden afavorir o dificultar l’aprenentatge del català. Contenen
una descripció gramatical de la llengua i un apartat dels errors i dels problemes
lingüístics més freqüents, i, a més, uns estudis comparatius breus del sistema gramatical
català amb els sistemes gramaticals de cadascuna de les llengües.

El Govern de la Generalitat de Catalunya aposta fermament per garantir una acollida


adequada a totes les persones que han escollit el nostre país per a viure-hi. Cal posar els
instruments necessaris per a fer-ho possible. Conèixer el català, per a aquestes persones,
és un element important que tenen per a socialitzar-se. Però aprendre el català no ha de
ser únicament una decisió personal i un dret, sinó que tota la ciutadania els ho hem de
facilitar: els qui ens hi relacionem, els qui hi convivim i els professionals de les
administracions, entre els quals hi ha els responsables de l’ensenyament.

Una de les tasques que podem fer, i volem fer, des de la Generalitat de Catalunya, és
facilitar que aquest aprenentatge es faci, i es faci al més ràpidament possible. Per això,
cal que els diferents nivells de formació i els professionals que hi treballen estiguin prou
preparats i adaptats a la nova realitat. L’edició d’aquesta col·lecció és una eina que ha
de permetre als professionals de l’ensenyament identificar les dificultats i els progressos
en l’aprenentatge del català derivats de les diferències fonètiques, gramaticals i lèxiques
amb la seva llengua materna. Desitgem que aquests manuals us facilitin la feina, una
feina important per a garantir la igualtat d’oportunitats i articular l’acolliment també a
partir d’un concepte inclusiu i vertebrador socialment com ha de ser l’aprenentatge de la
nostra llengua pròpia.

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FIGURA 2

Consonants*

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Prepalatal Palatal Velar Labiovelar

Oclusiva p b t d k g

Nasal m  n  ŋ

Vibrant r

Bategant ɾ

Fricativa f v s z ʃ 

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