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ΠΡ6ΑΗ(}ι\ΟΒΗ6

(}mpauιHO z080pumb 06 060JιceHuu mOMY, Kmo Cα.MHe cnooo-


6wιCJl ezo. Πο ,Mwιocmu BCe.Mozyιqezo ΒΟΖα U CnacumeJlJl Hauιezo
Hucyca Xpucma ,ΜΙΙΙ oep3HYJlU Ηα mo, 1imo 8btUΙe HαUΙω: cwι.

Μιιι σΟΑJΙCΗω6b1Jlu amo CoeJlamb, 1im06bt lle cKpbtmb om llα-


uιω: 6pambe8 npa80CJla8HbtX xpucmuall 8btC01iauUΙYlO t{eJlb llα-
uιeu JlCU3HU,my KOlle1iHYlOt{e.nb, iJJlJlKomopou ,Μιιι C030aHbt.

Μω σΟΑJΙCΗω6b1Jluamo cOe.namb, 1im06bt nOJlCHUmb,1imo noiJ-


JlUHHO npa80CJla8HOe nacmbιpcKoe 60Z0CJl08Ue ,MOJICemY1iUmb
UMeH1l0 06 060JICeHUUB;ιazooamblO, α He ο, no 3anaiJHbLM 06ρα3-
t{α.M, llpa8Cm8eHHO,M 1ie.n08e1ieCKO,Mco8epuιeHcm8e 6e3 ΒΑαΖοσα-
mu BOJ/cueu.

Μιιι σΟΑJΙCΗω6blJtU amo cOe.namb iJJlJlmozo, 1im06bt 8Ce.MΗα.Μ


803J1CeJlambHenpeXOiJJlιqezo Uycmpe.MUmbCJl Ηα 60pb6y 3α mo co-
8epUΙeH1-teUUΙee,1imo eouHcm8eHHo cnoco6Ho nOJlHOCmblOymOJlUmb
JιCαJΙCσΥoyuιu, mocΚYlOιqeu no Bceco8epuιeHHOMY, TpueouHOMY ΒΟΖΥ.

Μω σΟΑJΙCΗΙΙΙ6blJtU amo cOe.namb, 1im06bt c npeU36btmKo,M uc-


nOJlHUmbCJl 6JlaZOoapHocmblO κ T80PUJ1U npOMbtCJlUme.nlO Hauιe-
,ΜΥ3α ΕΖΟyou8UmeJlbHbtU σαρ - Hauιe 060JICeHUeB;ιazoOamblO.

Μιιι iJOJlJICHbt6b1Jluamo cOe.namb, 1im06bt n01iY8cm808amb He-


n08mopUMYlO npupooy Hauιeu C8Jlmoul(epK8u, 8Komopou mOJlb-
κο U coBepUΙaemcJl Ηα 3eMJle 060JICeHue.

Μω σΟΑJΙCΗω6blJtU amo cOe.namb, 1im06bt 3aC8uOeme.nbcm80-


8amb 8eJlU1iUeu npa80Y Hauιeu npa80CJla8HOU 8epbt - eouHcm8eH-
HOU8ep'bt, KomopaJl Y1ium 06060JιceHuu U 803800um κ He.MYC80UX
nOCJleiJ08ame.neu.
~
Ι=ι

Η ΗαΚΟΗel1,Mbl oep3HYJlU Ηα amo pαou ymeuιeHUJι ecex mex,


%U oyuιu - He eα:JICHO,ΗαCΚOJlbΚΟmJlXeJlO OHU 6wιu OmpαBJleHbl
U CMRmbt zpexOM - mRHymcR Κ ceemy Xpucmoey.

MUJιocmUBe rocnoou, YCΙΙbtUΙb HαC no HeU3petteHHou U 6ecκο-


HettHOU Jl106BU TBoeu, Uyoocmou Bcmynumb Ηα cme310 o6oxeHuR
npexoe, HeXeJlU yuoi!M Mbl U3 amozo MUMOJlemHOZOMUpα.

MUJιocmUBe rocnoou, nOBeou HαC,ΠραΒοcιιαΒΗblX, Κ o6oxeHu1O,


u60 Mbt JlUUΙUJιU ce6R pαoocmu, npe3peB BeJlUttUe CBoezo npU3Bα-
HUR, ΚΟΖοα Tbl 3BαJl HαC cmαmb 60Zα.MU no 6Jlαzooαmu.

MUJιocmUBe rocnoou,ycmpou nymu UHOCΙΙαBHbΙXxpucmuαH Ηα-


Bcmpetty HcmUHe TBoeu, ttmo6bt He ocmαmbCR UM BHe TBoezo 6ρα-ιι-
ΗΟΖΟttepmozα, omBepzHYB 6JlαZOOαmb o6oxeHUR.

MUJιocmUBe rocnoou, nOMUJιYu HαC U MUP TBOU!AMUΚb.

Mαpm 1997

npwnettαHue:

3ma "HU:JfC1Cacocma8JleHa U3 npOnOBeoeU, Β pα3JlU1f-HOe BPe.MJl. C"a-


3aHHblX .ΜΗΟ1ΟΒpαJHblX Zpe1f-eC"UX Ζοροσαχ no npUZΙΙaUΙeHU10 MeCmHblX
npeOCBJl.U{eHHblX .MUmpOnMUmOB. 3mUM 06'δJl.CHJl.emCJl.CmWΙb 01f-ep"a, co-
oep:JICaU{ezo "α" 6bl B"panιιeHUJl. 3anUCaHHblX npOnOBeOeU. MHe xome-
JlOCb 6bl OmMemUmb, 1f-mOJl.Ha1f-UHa.Jl UMeHHO C BOnpOCa 060:JICeHUJl., "ΟΖ-
σα .MHe QOBOQWΙOCb ZOBOpUmb zoe-mo BnepBble, no ΖιιΥ6Ο"Ο.ΜΥ CBOe.ι.ιy
y6e:JICoeHU1O Β ezo nepBOCmeneHHOU Ba:JICHOCmUQJlJl.σΥΧΟΒκοα XU3HU.
~~-- ~

~])~iΚ6HH6
κι\κ ΟΜlΙΟι\ '16ι\~B6'160K~HiΚH3HH
1Ε onpoc
3aτparl1BaeT
ο Ha3HatJeHIHf tJeJIOBetJeCKOH: )!(Η3ΗΗ BeCbMa Cepbe3eH,
CaMOe cyrQecrBeHHoe WUI tJeJIOBeKa: ~eJIb ero 3eMHOrO cyrQecr-
nOCKOJIbΚY

BOBaHI1H. npaBHJIbHO onpe,qeJIHBIIlHCb Β 3ΤΟΜ, ΠΟΗΗΒ CBOe nO,qJIHHHOe


Ha3HatJeHHe, MbI CMO)!(eM Tpe3BO B3rJIHHyrb Η Ha 60JIee MeJIΚHe BOnpOCbI, ΚΟ-
TOpbIe HaM e)!(e,qHeBHO npHXO,qHTCH peIllaTb Β 06~eHHH C JIΙO,qbMH, yqe6e, pa-
60Te, Β CeMbe Η Β CJIO)!(HeH:IIleM ,qeJIe BOCnHTaHHH ,qeTeH:. 11 ΒΟΤ, eCJIH MbI OIllH-
6eMCH Β 3ΤΟΜ, OCHOBHOM BOnpOCe, MbI He ,qOCTHrHeM ~eJIH Η ΒΟ BCeX npOtJHX
HaIllHX )!(H3HeHHbIX 3a,qatJaX: Η60 KaK CMO)!(eT BepHO OCMbICJIHTb ΗΧ ΤΟΤ, ,qJIH
ΚΟΓΟ BCH )!(113Hb Β ~eJIOM He HanOJIHeHa CMbICJIOM?
CMbICJI tJeJIOBetJeCKOH: )!(Η3ΗΗ OTKpbIBaeTCJI C nepBbIX )!(e CTpaHH~ CBH-
~eHHOrO nHCaHHH, r,qe 6bITOnHCaTeJIb rOBopHT, '-ΙΤΟ Eor COTBOpHJI tJeJIOBeKa
no C80euy 06Ρα3Υ u nOa06U10.Β 3ΤΟΜ n03HaeτCH BeJIHKaH JIΙ060Bb Κ tJeJIOBeκy
TpHe,qHHoro Eora. ΟΗ He 3aXOTeJI, tJT06bI tJeJIOBeK 6bIJI npOCTO TBapbIO, Ha,qe-
JIeHHOH: onpe,qeJIeHHbIMH ,qapOBaHHHMH, onpe,qeJIeI-flfbIMH KatJecrBaMH, onpe-
,qeJIeHHbIM npeBOCXO,qcrBOM Ha,q npOtJHM TBOpeHHeM, Η TOJIbKO; ΟΗ nO)!(eJIaJI,
tJT06bI tJeJIOBeK 6bIJI 60rOM! πο EJIarO,qaTH.
BHeIllHe tJenOBeK κa)!(eTCJI JIHIIlb 6HOJIOrntJeCΚHM cyrQeCTBOM, nO,q06HbIM BCe-
ΜΥ )!(HB~eMY Ha 3eMJIe, CPO,qHbIM )!(HBOTHbIM. 11 ΟΗ, KOHetJHO, )!(HBOTHOe - ΗΟ
ΠρΗ 3ΤΟΜ ΟΗ, ΠΟ CJIOBaM CB. ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ EOrOCJIOBa, "nOCTaBJIeH OΤ,qeJIbHO ΟΤ
BCerO TBOpeHHH, 6y,qyqH e,qHHCTBeHHOH: TBapbΙO, KOTOpaH CnOC06Ha C,qeJIaTb-
CH 60rOM" (npOnOBe,qb Ha CBHTOe EOrOHBJIeHHe, MPG 36, 324, 13).
COTBopeHHe no C80euy 06Ρα3Υ 6bIJIO TaKHM ,qapoBaHHeM, KOTOpbIM Eor
Ha,qeJIHJI TOJIbKO tJeJIOBeKa, Η 60JIbIlle ΗΗΚΟΓΟ Η3 BCerO BH,qHMOrO TBOpeHI15I,
TaK '-ΙΤΟ ΟΗ CTaJI 06pa30M CaMOrO Eora. 3τοτ ,qap BΚJIΙOtJaJI Β Ce6H: pa3YM,
COBeCTb, CBo60,qHYΙO BOJIΙO, TBOptJeCTBO, JIΙ060Bb Η BO)!(,qeJIeHHe COBepIlleH-
CTBa Η Eora, JIHtJHOe CaMOC03HaHHe Η BCe, '-ΙΤΟ nOCTaBJIHeT tJeJIOBeKa Ha,q
OCTaJIbHbIM BH,qHMbIM TBOpeHHeM, ,qeJIaH ero JIHtJHOCTbΙO. ,LJ:pyrHMH CJIOBa-

1 CBJl1l\eHHOe llI1CaHHe Hepe,1\KO ynoTpe6J1J1eτ CJlOBO .60rH' He TOJlbKO 'HeraTHBHO', ,1\JIJΙ 0603HaqeHHJI
,1\eMOHOB ΗJιΗ HAOJlOB, ΗΟ Η 'Π03ΗΤΗΒΗΟ': KaK ,1\JIH aHreJlOB, TaK Η ,1\JIΗ JlIO,1\eIl, )ΚΗΒΥ1l\ΗΧ Β COrJlaCHH CO
CBOHM 60)ΚeCΤΒeΗΗbIΜ Ha3HaqeHHeM, nO,1\tjepKHBaH ΗΧ nO,1\06He Eory. Cp., HanpHMep, TOJlKOBaHHe
CB. ΦeΟ,1\ΟΡΗτa KHpCKOrO Ha 81-b/H llCaJlOM: cτ. 1 .Eor cτaJl Β COHMe 60rOB ...• - .60rH - BJlaCΤH, KOTOpblM
ΟΤ Eora BpyιιeHa ,1\eΡ)ΚaΒa Η CHJla ΟΤ BbIIIIHerO'; CT.6 .J! CKa3aJl: Bbl 60rH' - .60rH - qeJlOBeKH, KaK ΠΟ
06pa3Y ΕΟ)ΚΗIO C03,1\aHHbIe. (TOJlKOBaH llCaJlTHpb, KOJlOMHa, 1994). CBHTbIe OTl1bl Β ΠΟJlΗΟΜ COrJlaCHH CO
CJlOBOynOTpe6J1eHHeM CBJl1l\eHHOrO llHCaHHH, IΙΙΗρΟΚΟ npHMeHHJlH CJlOBO .60r. ,1\JιΗ 'IeJlOBeKa, rOBopH
06 060)ΚeΗΗΗ. ,qocτaTotjHo BCnOMHHTb 3HaMeHHrylO φΟρΜΥJιΗρΟΒΚΥ CB. BaCHJlHH BeJlHKoro: .[l.JeJlOBeK
3ΤΟ] ΕΟ)ΚΗΗ TBapb, HMelO1l\aH nOBeJleHHe 6blTb 6oroM' (ee ΠρΗΒΟ,1\ΗΤ CB. ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ EOrOCJlOB Β .Ha,1\-
rpo6HOM CJlOBe CB. BaCHJlHIO')' Cp. TaΚ)Κe ΗΗ. 10, 34-35. - 30eCb U oaJlee npUMe'laHUfI neΡe600'luκα.

--5--
ΜΗ, BCe ΤΟ, tJTO ,ιιeJIaeT tJeJIOBeKa JIHtJHOCThIO, ,ιιaΡΟΒaΗΟ eMY no 06Ρα3Ύ EωΙCUIO.
nOnyqHB 06ρω, tJeJIOBeK npH3BaH crH)ΚaTb noiJo6ue, ,ιιοcrΗtJb 06ωκeΗΗΗ.
TBOpeQ, Eor πο ΠΡΗΡο,ιιe, 30Beτ ero craTb 60rOM πο 6JIarο,ιιaΤΗ2•
Eor πο CBOeMY 06pa3Y Ha.ιιeJIHJI ero BCeMH ,ιιaΡΟΒaΗΗΗΜΗ, tJT06bI ΟΗ ΜΟΓ
Βοcχο,ιιΗTb Ha BbICOΤY Η ΠρΗ ΗΧ ΠOMO~H ,ιιοcrΗraΤb πο,ιι06ΗΗ CBOeMY C03,ιιa-
TeJIIO Η Eory: tJT06bI 6bITb C ΗΗΜ He ΒΟ BHeIlIHHX, OOHHMaeMbIX JIHIlIb Β κaTe-
ropHHX HpaBcrBeHHocrH, OTHOIlIeHHHX, a Β rny60KoM JIHtJHOM eΆΗΗeΗΗΗ.
,L:{ep3KoH ΜΟ)ΚeT OOKa3aTbCH ,ιι~e CaMa MbICJIb, tJTO QeJIb HaIlIeH )ΚJ13HH
3aΚJIIOtJaeTCH Β ΤΟΜ, tJT06bI craTb 60raMH πο 6JIarο,ιιaΤΗ. Η ο,ιιΗaκο ΗΗ CBH-
~eHHoe nHcaHHe, ΗΗ OrQbI LJ;epΚBH He cKpbIBaIOT ΟΤ Hac 3τοΗ l.\eJIH.
Ηο MHorHe - BHe LJ;epΚBH Η ,ιιa)Κe ΒΗΥΤρΗ ee - ocraιoτcH ΡaΒΗο,ιιΥΙ1ΙΗbΙΜΗ.
ΟΗΗ OOJIaraIOT CBOIO QeJIb, Β nyqIlIeM cnyqae, Β HpaBCTBeHHOM HCDpaBJIeHHH,
tJT06bI craTb nyqIlIHMH JIιο,ιιbΜΗ. Ηο He 3ΤΥ QeJIb YKa3bIBaIOT HaM EBaHreJIHe,
LJ;epKoBHOe ΠΡe,ιιaΗΗe Η CBHTbIe Oτ/bI. MaJIO TOJIbKO YCOBepIlIaTb Ce6H, CTa-
HOBHTbCH cOBecrJIHBee, CDpaBe.ιιnHBee, QeJIΟΜΥ,ιιΡeΗΗee, ΜΥ,ιιΡee. Bce 3ΤΟ, 6e-
3YCJIOBHO, Ηe06χο,ιιΗΜΟ, ΗΟ He Β 3ΤΟΜ rny60tJaHIlIHH CMbICJI HaIlIeH )ΚJ13HH, Ta
KOHetJHaH QeJIb, .ιιnH κοτοροΗ HaIlI TBOpeQ C03,ιιaJI Hac. Α Β tJeM )Κe? Β e,ιιΗΗe-
ΗΗΗ C EOrOM, Β 060)ΚeΗΗΗ, KaK HcrHHHOM e,ιιΗΗeΗΗΗ: He HpaBCTBeHHO-BHeIlI-
HeM Η He CeHTHMeHTaJIbHO-Ha.ιιyMaHHOM.
CBHTOOTetJeCKaH aHTpOOOJIOrHH3 TaK BbICOKO craBHT tJeJIOBeKa, tJTO eCJIH
MbI cpaBHHM C npaBOCJIaBHOH Tpa.ιιHQHeH OTHOIlIeHHe Κ tJeJIOBeκy Β ,ιιρyrΗΧ
φΗJIΟCΟφCΚΗΧ, COQHaJIbHbIX Η OCHXOJIOrHtJeCΚHX cHcreMax, MbI Υ,ιιΗΒΗΜCΗ,
HaCKOJIbKO ΟΗΗ MeJIOtJHbI, ,ιιο KaKOH creneHH He OTBetJaIOT ΟΗΗ BeJIHKOH tJe-
JIOBetJeCKOH TOCKe ΠΟ tJeMY-TO ΠO.ιιnHHHOMY.
nOCKOJIbΚY tJeJIOBeK npH3BaH Κ OcyιηecrBJIeHHIO Β ce6e noiJo6UJl EOJlCUJl,
6YΚBaJIbHO C03,ιιaΗΗbΙΗ .ιιnH ΤΟΓΟ, tJT06bI craTb 60rOM, ΤΟ, yΚJIOHHHCb C ΠΥΤΗ
060)ΚeΗΗΗ, ΟΗ ecrecrBeHHo qyBCTBYeT πycroτy ΒΗΥτρΗ, 6Υ,ιιτο tJTO-TO He TaK
ΟΗ He HaCJI:DΚ.L\aeTCH rny60KHM CtJacrbeM, ,ιιa)Κe eCJIH eMY Υ,ιιaeτCΗ 3anOJIHHTb
3ΤΥ BHyτpeHHIOIO πycroτy tJeM-TO e~e. ΟΗ Μο)Κeτ "3aMOp03HTb" Ce6H, ΠΟΓΡΥ-
3HBIlIHCb Β ΜΗρ C06CTBeHHbIX HJIJII03HH, ΗΟ Η τοr,ιιa ΟΗ OCTaHeTCH TaΚHM )Κe

J OpaBocnaBHoe JlOrMaTH'IeCKOe 60rocnoBHe pa3JJH'Iaeτ BOJKeCTBeHHyιo CYII\HOCTb, cOBepweHHo co-


KpoBeHHyιo ΟΤ TBapH, Η BOJICeCTBeHHhleSHeprHH (6naroJlaTb), KOTOpblMH Bor Bcτynaeτ Β 0611\eHHe C
TBapHblM ΜΗρΟΜ. BnaroJlaTb COBepWaeτ 060JICeHHe '1enOBeKa, JlenaR ero ΒΟ BCeM, KpOMe nPHpOJlbl, πο·
Jl06HblM Βοιγ. Πο npHpOJle ΟΗ ocτaeτCR '1enOBeKOM, 6YJIY'IH ΠΟ 6naroJlaTH HMeneH BCeM, 'ΙΤΟ HMeeτ Βοι:
ΠΟΒΤΟΜΥ CBRTble OTLIhl npHMeHRIOT Κ nΙOJlRM BblpaJΚeHHe .60rH πο 6naroJlam., nOJl'lepKHBaR, '!Το BOroM
πο npHpoJle BCerJla ocτaeτcH TOnbKO CBJlT3J1ΤΡοΗΙΙ3.
3 AHTpononorHR Β c06CTBeHHoM CMblcne cnOBa eCΤb yqeHHe Ο '1enOBeKe: ero npHpOJle, nPOHCXO)((JIeHHH
Η H33H3'1eHHH. OpaBocnaBH3R aHTpononorHR TeCHO CBR3aHa, C ΟJlΗΟΙΙ CΤOpOHbl, C JlOrMamKoii, pac-
CMaτpHBaR '1enOBeKa Κ3Κ 06ρ33 BOJICHA,a c JlpyroA - C 3CKeτHKoA, Κ3Κ Η3ΥΚΟΙΙ Ο JleιrrenbHOM BOCXO)((JIe-
ΗΗΗ ΠρΗ nOMOII\H 6n3rOJlaTH Κ 6eccτp3CΤHΙO, τ. e. HCLIeneHHOMY COCTOJlHHΙO'1enOBe'leCKOA nPHpOJlbl,
nOBpeJΚJIeHHOA Η nOJlBeprWeACR cτp3CΤJlM Β pe3ynbτaτe nMeHHR.

--6--
Ma.ιIeHbIα/M Η OrpaHHqeHHbIM; Η ero MeJIOqHbI" ΜΗρΟΚ nOpa60THT ero Η cτa-
Heτ eMY OOPbMO". Β 3ΤΟ" TlOpbMe ΟΗ YCΤPOHTBce τaκ, qT06bI nOqTH HHKor~a
He HMeTb THIlIHHbI, He OCΤaBaTbCHHae~HHe C c060". C nOMO~blO IIIYMa, 3ΜΟ-
QHOHa.ιIbHOrO HanpmκeHHH, TeJIeB~eHHH Η ΡΜΗΟ, ΗΗφΟΡΜaQΗΗ 060 BceM
qeM yrO~HO - a HHor~a ΠρΗ ΠOMO~H HapKOTHKOB - qeJIOBeK OTιι:aHHHOcτa-
paeτcH 3a6bITb, He ~YMaTb, He 6ecnoKoHTbCH, tIe BcnOMHHaTb: qTO ΟΗ C6HJICHC
ΠΥΤΗ, YIIIe.n ~a.ιIeKO ΟΤ QeJIH.
Ηο HHqTO He Β CHJIaX ~aTb nOJIHOrO YMHpoTBOpeHHH HeCqaCTHOMY CO-
BpeMeHHOMY qeJIOBeκy, ~OKOJIe He Ha~eτ ΟΗ qTO-TO HHOe, 60JIbllIee Β CBOe"
JIα/3HH, qTO-TO nO,lVlHHHO HCnOJIHeHHOe KpaCOTbI Η TBOpqeCKO" CHJIbi.
ΜωΚeT JIH ΟΗ npH6JIH3HTbCH Κ Bory? MωKeτ JIH 06~aTbCH C ΗΗΜ? MωKeτ
JIH CaM CΤaTb 60rOM πο Ero BJIarO~aTH?

Βοπι\οrnβΗΗ6 ΒΟΓΑ - 3Αι\ΟΓ


OBOiΚ6HH.H '16ι\ΟΒ6ΚΑ

@TQbI [(epKBH rOBOpHT, qTO Bor CTaJI qeJIOBeKOM ~JIH TOrO, qT06bI qeJIO-
BeK CΤa.ιI 60rOM. qeJIOBeK He ~OCΤHr 6bI 06ωκeΗΗΗ, eCJIH 6bI Bor He BOnJIO-
THJICH.
Η ~o XpHcτoBa BOnJIO~eHHH 6bIJIH My~pbIe Η ~06pO~eτeJIbHbIe JIIO~H.
ΦΗJIΟCOφCΚΗe ΠΟΗΗΤΗΗ3JIJIMbI, Κ npHMepy, 6billH BeCbMa BbICOΚH- Β ΟΤΗΟ-
llIeHHH KaK ~o6pO~eτeJIH, TaK Η Bora. Πο ~eCΤBY, 3JIJIHHCKaHMY~pOCΤb CO-
~ep)ΚaJIa 3J1eMeHTbI HCTHHbI, TaK Ha3bIBaeMbI" "CeMeHHO" JIOrOc"4. .Η YBepeH,
qTO ~peBHHe rpeΚH 6bIJIH OqeHb peJIHrH03HbI, a BOBCeHe aTeHCTbI, κaκ, κο-
HeqHO iΚe, ΧΟΤΗΤYΤBep)Κ,l(aTbΟ ΗΗΧ HeKOTOpbIe HallIH ~e3ΗΗφΟΡΜΗΡΟΒaΗΗbιe

4 3τοτ TC:pMHH, H3Ha'lanbHO ynoTpe6nJIBIlIHιicJI Υ CTOHKOB, 6bln BBe,l\EH Β XpHCTHaHCKOe 60rOCnOBHe


CB. liYCTHHOM ΦΗnΟC<>φΟΜ. Πο yqeHHιo CB. liYCTHHa, ΧΟΤΙΙ Β nOnHOτe Jloroc JIBHnCJI TOnbKO ΒΟ XpHCTe,
CC:MJIJloroca 6b1J1o nOCeJIHO ΒΟ BcEM 'IenOBC:'IeCTBe 3a,1\onro,l\o XpHCTa. Β pa3YM (noroc) 'IenOBeKa 3ano-
JΚeHO ceMJI Jloroca, KaK oc06aJI CnOC06HOCTb nOCTHΓaTb 60JΚeCTBC:HHble HCTHHbl. Cp.: .Bce Τ!: [3nnHHc-
KHe] nHcaTenH, nOCpc:,!\CTBOM BpoJΚ,l\EHHOΓO ceMeHH Jloroca, MornH BH,I\eTb HCTHHY, ΗΟ τΕΜΗΟ. Ή60 HHoe
,l\eno CeMJI Η πο,l\06Η!: 'Iero-nH60, JlaHHOe πο Mepe npHeMneMOCTH, a ΗΗΟΙ: - το CaMOe, npH'IaCTHe Η
πο,l\06Η!: 'Iero AapOBaHO πο Ero EnarO,l\aTH' (C6.HycmUH Φwιocoφ. AnOnOrHJI. Π, 13).

---7---
COBpeMeHHHΚH. σΗΗ He3HaιIH Eora HCTHHHOro. Ηο, 6y,ιwιrnH3bl'ΠlHΚaMH, ΟΗΗ 6bIJIH
BCe )Κe nO-CBOeMY 6JIarO'leCTHBbI Η Ha6o)ΚHbI. ΠΟ3ΤΟΜΥ Te ne~arorH, yqHTeJIjf,
nOJIHTH'leCΚHe Η 06~eCTBeHHbIe ~eπreJIH, KOΤOpbIe BOnpeΚH BCeH HCΤOpHH rpe-
'leCKoro HapO~a noκyπιanHcb BbcrpaBHTb Bepy Β Eora Η3 ero 60rOJII06HBOH JWIIIH,
ΧΟΤΗΤ ΟΗΗ TOrO HJIH He ΧΟΤΗΤ, 6ΥΗΤΥ1Οτ5 ΠρΟΤΗΒ HCTHHbI. Πο cyτH, σΗΗ ~ep3alOT
BbΙXOJIaIl.\HBaTh Η3 HaQHH BCe Co6CTBeHHO rpeqecKoe, nOCKOJIbΚY rpeqeCκaH ΚYJIbry-
pa - Η aHTHqHOrO, Η n03~HerO, Η COBpeMeHHOrO nepHO~OB - ecrb ΚYJIbτypa
6
60rOnO'lTeHHH, Ha ΚΟΤΟρΟΜ, Boo6~e, OCHOBaHO BCe ee MHpOBOe 3Ha'leHHe .
THra Κ Eory HeBeΆOMOMY, Κ OnbITHOMY Boroo6~eHHIO JIerKO Y3HaBaeMa Β
aHTH'lHOH φΗJIΟCOφΗΗ. σΗΗ npOHBJIHJIH BepHocrb, npe~aHHOCTb, TOJIbKO 6e3
BepHOrO Η nOJIHOrO 3HaHHH Eora. He XBaTanO 06~eHHH C ΗΗΜ. He 6bIJIO e~e
ΒΟ3ΜΟ)ΚΗΟ 06ωκeΗΗe.
ΤaΚ)Κe Η Β ΚYJIbτype Beτxoro 3aBeτa MbI BH~HM MHOrO npaBe~HbIX Η 6JIa-
rO'leCTHBbIX JIIO~eH. Q~HaKO JIHmb C BOΠJIO~eHHeM Eora, CJIOBa ΕΟ)ΚΗΗ, CTa-
JIO B03MO)ΚHbIM Η ~OCTH)ΚHMbIM 6e3YCJIOBHOe e~HHeHHe C EOrOM, ο6ωκeΗΗe.
Η Β 3ΤΟΜ CMbICJI XpHCTOBa BOΠJIO~eHHH. ECJIH 6bI CMbICJIOM 'leJIOBeqeCKOH
)ΚΗ3ΗΗ 6bIJIO TOJIbKO HpaBCTBeHHOe COBepmeHCTBOBaHHe, He 6bIJID 6bI H~bI
npHXO~HTh Β ΜΗρ XpHcry. He 6billO 6bI H~bI Β ΕωκeCΤΒeΗΗΟΜ .z:.ι:OMOCTPOH-
TeJIbCTBe, BoΠJIO~eHHH Eora, KpeCTe, CMepτu Η BOCKpeCeHHH rOCnO~HHX - ΒΟ
BCeM ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ COBepmeHO C06CTBeHHO XpHCTOM - nOCKOJIbΚY HayqHTb qeJIO-
Be'leCΚHH po~ HpaBCTBeHHOMY CaMOHCnpaBJIeHHIO ΜΟ)ΚΗΟ 6bIJIO Η Qepe3 προ-
ρΟΚΟΒ, φHJIΟCOφΟΒ, npaBe~HHKOB Η yqHTeJIeH.
H3BeCTHO, qTO MaM Η EBa 6bIJIH 06MaHYΤbI ~HaBOJIOM Η 3aXOTeJIH CTaTb
60raMH - TOJIbKO He C ΕΟ)ΚΗΗ CO~eHCTBHH, He qepe3 llOCJIymaHHe C JI1060BblO,
a OllHpaHCb Ha CBOH CHJIbI Η BOJIIO, 3rOHCTHqHO Η aBTOHOMHO. HHbIMH CJIOBa-
ΜΗ, Β OCHOBe nMeHHH JIe)ΚaJIa CaMOCTb. COrJIamaHCb C CaMO~OCTaTDqHOCTblO,
npapO~HTeJIH OT~eJIHJIH Ce6H ΟΤ Eora Η, BMeCTO 06ωκeΗΗΗ, 06peJIH ΠρΟΤΗΒ-
HOe eMY: ~YXOBHyιo CMepTb.
Oτl.\bIl.{epΚBH rOBOpHT, qTO Eor eCTh )ΚH3Hb. Η OTBepralO~HHCH Eora OTBep-
raeτCH )ΚΗ3ΗΗ. Πο3ΤΟΜ}' CMepTb Η ~OBHOe 6e3ΆeHCTBHe (CMepTb φΗ3Η'lecκaH Η
~YXOBHaH) 6billH npHMbIM CJIe~CTBHeM npapO~HTeJIbCKOrO npeCJIYIlIaHHH.

S Υ aBTopa HCnOnb30BaHO Pe.ι\KOC (ΠΟΒΟ hybris, 3aHMCTBOBaHHOC Η3 rpC'ICCKOrO II3b1Ka, COBMCll\aΙOIl\CC


3Ha'lCHHII 'KpaiiHcii I\CP3OCTH. Η 'HCHCTHHHOCTH. (cp. cnaB. 'HCHCTOBCTBO.), 06blΚHOBCHHO αΓHOCIIIl\CCCII
Κ 6ΥΗΤΥ CaτaHbI ΠρΟΤΗΒ Bora.
6 Oτl.\bI l.\CpKBH l.\CHHnH rpc'Iccκyιo κynbΤYPY. nOI\'ICpKHBaII, O.llHaKO, Η .lIpyryιo CΤOPOHY II3bl'lCCKOii PC-
ΙΙHΓH03HOCΤH. KOMMCHTHPYII CIIOBa anocτoIIa llasna Ο ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ II3b1'1HHKH, n03HaB Bora, ΗΙ: npocnaBHIIH
Ero, KaK Bora, Η HC B036IIaro.llapHIIH (ΡΗΜ. 1,21), cB.l1oaHH 3IIaτoycτ ΠHωeτ: ,llcpBaII BHHa II3bl,lHHKOB
Β ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ ΟΗΗ HC HawnH Boraj BTOpaII - Β ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ ΗΙ: HawnH, HMCII Κ ΤΟΜΥ 60IIbWHC Η O'lCBH.lIHbIC
OCHOBaHHIIj rpeτbII - Β ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ Ha3blBaIIH cc6II MYl\pblMHj 'Ic:TBCpraII - Β ΤΟΜ, 'ΙΤΟ ΗΙ: TOIIbKO ΗΙ: HawnH,
ΗΟ Η nO'lHTaHHC, npHHa,l\IIeJΚall\CC Bory, B03.l1aιιH .lICMOHaM, κaMHΙΙM Η .lICPCBbIIM. (C8.J10aHH 3ιιamΟΥcm.
BCCC.lIbI Ha llOCIIaHHC Κ PHMIIIIHaM, 111, 3).

--8--
nOCJIeΆCTBllil nMeHllil RBHbI. Or~e.ιreHHe στ Eora HH3Be.ιr0 qe.ιrOBeKa Κ ΠJIOTC-
κοΗ, JΚHBOTHOH, ~eMOHHqeCKOH JΚH3HH. Be.ιrHKOJIenHOe TBOpeHHe EOJΚHe BnanO
Β TmκκyIO 6one3Hb, 6oJIe3Hb Κ CMeprn. 06pa3 EOJΚHH HCκa3HJICR. Β nMeHHH qe.ιro-
BeK nOTepRJI cBoHcτBa, He06xo~HMble, qT06bl ~TH Κ 06ωκeΗΗIΟ. Β 3ΤΟΜ cocτo-
RHHH TJDΚe.ιreHllIeH 6oJIe3HH, 6oJIe3HH Κ CMeprn, qe.ιrΟΒeκ}?Κe He MωKeτ BepH)'I'b-
CR Κ Eory. Ero eCΤeCTBO H)')Κ,l\aeτCR Β ΗΟΒΟΜ KOpHe7• Η}?ΚeΗ HOBblH qeJIOBeK,
"3~OpOBbIH" - CnOC06HblH BepHyrb qeJIOBeqeCKOH BOJIe 06paIQeHHOCΤb Κ Eory.
HOBblM KOpHeM qeJIOBeqeCKOrO eCΤeCTBa, HOBblM qeJIOBeKOM CΤaJI Eoro-
qeJIOBeK IifHCYC XpHCTOC - CblH EQ)KHH Η CJIOBO EQ)KHe - BOnJIOTHBllIHHCR
qT06bl nOJIO)ΚJ1Tb HOBOe HaqanO, ΗΟΒΥιο 3aΚBacκy qeJIOBeqeCTBa.
BeJIHΚHH 60rOCJIOB HallIeH ~epKBH CBRTOH 1if0aHH ,l];aMacKHH 60rOCJIOB-
cTByeT, qTO BOnJIOIQeHHeM CJIOBa BTOpOe e~HHeHHe Eora C qeJIOBeKOM BOllIJIO
Β ΜΗρ. nepBOe, 6blBllIee Β PalO, 6blJIO nOTepRHO OTna~eHHeM qeJIOBeKa ΟΤ Eora.
Bce nOKpblBalOIQaR JII060Bb EQ)KHR ycτpaHBaer renepb ~pyroe, BTOpOe e~HHe-
HHe Me~y DorOM Η qeJIOBeKOM, e~HHeHHe, KOTOpOe }?Κe He MO)!(eτ 6blTb pac-
ToprHyro - nOCKOJIbΚY ΟΗΟ OCyIQeCΤBHJIOCb Β JIHqHOCTH XpHCΤa.
EOrOqeJIOBeK IifHCYC XpHCΤOC, CblH Η CJIOBO Eora OTQa, HMeeτ ~Be COBep-
llIeHHble ΠpI1pO~bI: 60)!(eCΤBeHHYΙO Η qeJIOBeqeCκyιo. 06e 3ΤΗ COBepllIeHHble
ΠpHpO~bI COe~HHeHbl 'ΉeCJIΗΤΗΟ, HeI13MeHHO, Hepa3~eJIbHO Η Hepa3nyqHo" Β
O~HOM JII1Qe EOra-CJIOBa Xpl1CTa - COrJIaCHO 113BeCΤHOMY Onpe~eJIeHHIO qeτ-
BepTOrO (Xa.πKH~OHCKoro) BCeJIeHCKOrO C060pa. Β 3τοΗ KpaTKOH Η TOqHOH
60rO~YXHOBeHHOH φΟΡΜΥJII1ΡΟΒκe ~epKOBb nonyql1JIa 60rOCJIOBCKOe 0p}?ΚHe
ΠρΟΤI1Β BCeX XPHCTOJIOrl1qeCΚHX epeCeH Ha BCe BpeMeHa.lifraK, Mbl HcnoBe~y-
eM e~I1HOrO Xpl1cτa Β ~BYX npHpO~aX: 60)!(eCΤBeHHOH Η qeJIOBeqeCKOH.
Tenepb qeJIOBeqeCKaR npl1po~a qepe3 I1nocracHoe e~HHeHHe8 ~BYX eCΤeCΤB
ΒΟ Xpl1cτe HaBCer~a COeΆl1HeHa C 6o)!(eCTBOM, 1160 Xpl1CΤOC - BeqHO Eoroqe.ιro-

7 Cp.: .ECnH Ha<JaTOK CBHT, ΤΟ Η ~eJJoe; Η eCnH KOpeHb CBHT, ΤΟ !i BeτBH' (ΡΗΜ. 11, 16).• 11 6Y,1\eT Β ΤΟΤ
,1\eHb: Κ ΚΟρΗIΟ l1ecceeBY, KOTOpblH cτaHeτ, Κ3Κ 3Η3ΜΗ ,1\nH Η3ρΟ,1\ΟΒ 06p3THTCH H3bl'lHHKH, Η ποκοΗ ero
6y,1\eτ CnaBa. 11.•. rOCnO,1\b CHOBa πpocτpeτ ΡΥκΥ CBOIO, 'IT06bl B03BpaTlfTb ce6e OCΤ3TOK HapO,1\3 CBOerO ...•
(l1c. 11, 10-11). Β BOnnOll\eHHH fOCnO,1\b Η B03Bpall\aeτ HenOBpe)!(,lteHHOCΤb 'IenOBc:'IeCKOH npHpO,1\e, Η
npHCOe,1\HHHeτ ee Ce6e.
• I1nOcτaCHblM Ha3blBaeτCH COe,1\HHeHHe 6OJKeCTBeHHOl1 Η 'IeJJOBe'leCKOH ΠρΗρΟ,1\ Β e,1\HHOH nH'IHOCΤH
(HnOCΤ3CH) EOrO'lenOBeKa I1Hcyca XpHCTa. CblH EOJKHH, ΒΤΟρ3Η I1nocτacb CBHTOH TpoH~bl, C06e3H3-
'I3JJbHblll Η paBHblH ΠΟ 60JKeCTBY Oτ~y, pO,1\HBWHCb Κ3Κ 'IenOBeK ΟΤ ,/(eBbl, BOCnpHHHJI Β CBOIO IfnOCΤ3Cb
'IenOBe'leCKOe eCΤeCTBO, OCΤ3B3HCb e,1\HHblM. 3'ι11Μ ΟΗ pa3pYWHn τΥ HenpeO,1\OnHMyιo ,1\nH 'IenOBeKa npe-
rpaJIY, KOTOpaH ,1\enana HeB03MO)l(HbIM e,1\IfHeHHe C EOrOM. Βοτ Κ3Κ 06'bHCHHeτ 3ΤΟ CB. ΗΙfιωn3Η KaBaCHna:
.1160 ΗΙ: MeCΤOM OTnJf'laeτCH ΟΤ nlO,1\el1 Εοι; HanOnHHlOll\HH BCHKoe Mecτo, ΗΟ OTCΤOHT pa3nH'IHeM, Η
['IenOBe'leCKaH] ΠρΗρΟ,1\3 CaM3 OT,1\enHeτ CeOH ΟΤ EOr3 TeM, 'ΙΤΟ ΒΟ BCeM, 'ΙΤΟ HMeeτ, OTJlH'IaeτCH ΟΤ HerO,
a 061l\ero ΗΙ: HMeeτ C ΗΗΜ HH'IerO; ΠΟΤΟΜΥ 'ΙΤΟ ΟΗ - TOnbKO Eor, a npHpO,1\a - TOJ!bKO 'IenOBeK. Kor,1\a )I(e
nnOTb 6bl.13 06ωκeΗ3 Η npHpO,1\3 ,IeJJoV,:'IeCK3JI ΙΨΗΗΗΤ3 Β HnOCT3CI, C3MOrO Eora, [3Ta e,1\HH3JI HnOC-
T3Cb] YHH,ITO)l(3eτ p3CΙ1ΌHIlIII: Me)!(,lty bO)l(CL'THOM Η ··jC:III)Be'leCΤBOM, 6YAY,l1f 061l\HM npe,1\enOM K3)!(,ltOrO
eCΤeC'fBa, a MeJΚAY ΡaαΤΟΙΙll\llΜIf ΗΙ: 6bIBaeτ σ6i'~erO n::,.~e,r.3' tlluA,anaiί. Ka80CUιIO. CeMb CnOB Ο )Ι(ιf3ΗΗ
ΒΟ XpliCTC. Μ., 1874. c. 64-65). '

--9--
BeK KaK ΕοrΟ1.JeJIΟΒeκ,XpHCTOC B03HeCCHHa He6eca. KaK EOr01.JeJIOBeKBOC-
CeJI ΟΗ O~eCH}'IO OτQa. Η KaK Eor01.JeJIOBeKΟΗ πpH~eτ CY~HTb ΜΗρ ΒΟ Βτο-
ρΟΜ CBoeM npHIIIeCTBHH. OTceπe 1.JeJIOBe1.JeCKίUI
npHpo~a npHHHTa Β CaM}'IO
JΚH3Hb ΠΡeCΒΗΤΟΜ'IpOHQbI. HH1.JTOHe MOJΚeτ OTπyqHTb ee οτ Eora. Βοτ l101.Je-
ΜΥ Tenepb, llOCJIe BOΠJIOIQeHHHrOCllO~HH - CKOJIbKO6bl Mbl ΗΗ COrpeIIIaJIH
KaK ΠIO~H, CKOJIbKO6bl Mbl ΗΗ OT~aJIHJIHCbΟΤ Eora - eCJIHMbl ΧΟΤΗΜ BepHYΤb-
CH Κ HeMY llOKίUlHI1eM, 3ΤΟ B03MOJΚHO.Mbl MOJΚeMBepHYΤbCH Β e~HHeHHe C
ΗΗΜ, CΤaTb 60raMH πο EJIarO~aTH.

Υηι\ΟΤΗ6 ΠΡ6ΟΒΗτοΗ ΕοrΟΡΟΑΗη1Ι


Β ΗΜΙΙ6Μ ΟΕOiΚ6ΗΗΗ
~CllO~b HHCYC~apyeτ HaM B03MOJΚHOCTbe~HHeHHH C EOrOM Η B03BpaIQe-
ΗΗΗ Κ H3Ha1.JaJIbHOycτaHOBJIeHHOMY ΗΜ ~ΠH 1.JeJIOBeKaHa3Ha1.JeHHIO.Βοτ
l101.JeMYΒ CBHIQeHHOMΠΗcaΗΗΗ ΟΗ HMeHyeτcH ΠΥτeΜ, ,l(BepblO, ,l(06Pb1M
ΠaCΤbφeΜ, )J(J.r3HblO,BOCKpeCeHHeM, CBeτOM. ΟΗ HOBblM MaM, I1CllpaBJIHIO-
IQHM ΟΙΙΙΗ6κΥ BeτxoΓO. ΠeΡΒblΜ MaM npeCJIYIIIaHHeM OT,l(eπHJIHaC ΟΤ Eo~a.
ΒτοροΜ MaM, XpHCΤOC, B03BpaIQaeτ HaC Β e~HHeHHe C EOrOM CBOeM JI1060-
BblO Η llOCJIYIIIaHHeM OTQY, llOCΠYIIIaHHeM "~o CMepTH, Η CMepTH KpeCΤHOM".
ΟΗ HCllpaBJIHeτ HaIIIe cB060~HOe nPOH3BOJIeHHe, B03BpaIQίUI ero Κ Eory, 1.JTO-
6bl npeMarίUI ΕΜΥ CBOIOcB060~y, Mbl 06peτaπH Ero CaMOrO.
,l(eπo HOBOrO MaMa, O~HaKO, τpe6yeτ CO~eMCTBHHΗΟΒοΜ EBbl, ΠaΗarΗΗ
(BCeCBHTOM),HCllpaBJIHIOIQeMΟΙΙΙΗ6κΥ EBbl BeTXOM.Ta BBeJIaMaMa Β npecπy-
IIIaHHe. HOBaH EBa llOCJIYJΚHJIaBOΠJIOIQeHHIOCblHa EOJΚHH,B03BpaIQalOIQerO
1.JeJIOBe1.JeCΚHM
po~ Β llOCJIYIIIaHHe Eory9. 3τΗΜ OHa, tocnOJΚa Hama ΠΡe1.JΗC-
ΤίUI EOrOpO~HQa, nepBίUI Η3 BCerO po~a 1.JeJIOBe1.JeCKOrO
~OCΤHrIIIaH - HCΚJIIO-
1.JHTeJIbHbIMΗ OC06blM 06pa30M - 060JΚeHHH, HMeJIa He πpOCΤOpeIIIalOIQee, a
He06xo~HMOe, He3aMeHHMOe yqacTHe Β HaIIIeM CnaCeHHH.

9 Cp.: .rOCn01\b πpl!Ule.ιι Κ CBOI!M, Ι! HenOCJIyιnaHl!e, 6WBUlee ΠΟ ΠΟΒΟ1\Υ1\epeBa, I!CnpaBI!R CBOI!M nocny-
UlaHl!eM Ha 1\epeBe; Ι! 060nbll\eHI!e, ΚΟΤΟΡΟΜΥ HeC'laCΤHO nO)1BeprnaCb }?Κe 06pyqeHHaII Μ}?ΚΥ)1eBa EBa,
pa3pyιneHo nOcpe)1CΤBOM I!CΤI!HbI, Ο κοτοροΗ C'laCΤnl!BO nony'll!na 6naroBecrne ΟΤ aHrena TaΙOΚe 06ΡΥ-
'IeHHaιrM}?ΚY ,l{eBa Mapl!II. 1160 KaK ra 6blna HenOCJIYUlHa DOry, TaK m CκnOHl!naCb Κ nocnyUlaHl!lO, )1a6w
,l{eBa Mapl!II 6bIna 3acτynHI!~elO )1eBbI EBbI' (C8.HpuιιeίiJ/uoIIcICuίi. ΠΡΟΤΙ!Β epeceIi. ν, 19, 1).

---10 ---
CornaCHO BeJlHKOM}'6oΓOCJIOBYqeTbΙΡΗΜιιaΊΌro C1Όneπυι CBRTOM}'HHKOnaIO
ΚaBaCHJIe,eClIH 6bI OHa He n~ocraBHJIa CBOIOcB060.ιw Eory, BMecre C Ee nocny-
maHHeM, KOr~a σΓBeTHJIaι4α Eory, ΊΌ Ero BoπnOIQeHHe Oκa3anOCb6bI ΗeΒ03ΜΟ)Κ-
HbIM,Η60 rorj(a nO~pranaCb 6bI HaCHJIHIOcB060,l\a, Kσropyιo ΟΗ CaM,l\an qenOBe-
κΥ.Eor He CMOr 6bI BOΩnO'I1fΓbCH, ecnH 6bI He 6bιrIO Cpe,φi nIO,l\eHTaKOH6e3yπpeq-
Ho-qHC1ΌH 11 npeCBRTOH,l\}'IIlli. nOnHeHlliHM n~ocraBlIeHHeM CBOeH Coo6o,l\bI,
npoH3BOneHJfJI, Bcero CBOerO cyIQeCTBaEory OHa HH3Bena Ero Β Ce6R - Η Β HaC.
MbI ΜΗΟΤΗΜ 06R3aHbI BCenpeqHcroH, Η BenHKOe nOqTeHHe ~epKOBb Β03-
,l\aeτ ΕΗ. TaK CBRTHTenb ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ nanaMa, 0606IQaR CBRTOOTeqeCKOe60ro-
cnoBHe, nocraBlIReτ npeqHcryιo Ha cne.l\yroIQee ΠρΗΜΟ 3a CBRTOH ΤΡΟΗιιeΗ
MeCTO, Ha3bIBaR Ee 60rOM nocne Eora, rpaΗΗιιeΗ Me)!(,1(YTBapHbIM Η HeTBap-
HbIM. "nepBOH Me)!(,1(YCnaCeHHbIMH" HMeHYeτ Ee TOqHOe BbIpa)ΚeHHe .l\pyroro
60rOCnOBa HameH ~epKBH. Α CBRTOHHHKO,l\HM CΒRτοrΟΡeιι, ceH He,l\aBHHH
6nHcraTenbHbIH yqHTenb ~epKBH, YKa3bIBaeT, qTO Η aHrenbCKHe qHHbI προ-
CBeIQaIOTCRCBeτOM qepe3 npeCBRτyιo ,LJ;eBy.ΠΟ3ΤΟΜΥ ~epKOBb BOCXBanReτ Ee
KaK "qeCΤHeHωyro XepYBHMOB Η cnaBHeHIIIyro 6e3 cpaBHeHHR CeΡaΦΗΜΟΒ''.
BOnnOIQeHHe CnOBa Η 060)ΚeΗΗe qenOBeKa - BenHκaR TaHHa HaIlleH BepbI Η
60rOCnOBHR. 3τ0 )ΚHBaRnOBCe.l\HeBHaRpeanbHocrb HaIIIeH ~epKBH Β ee TaHH-
CTBax, 6oroCJl)')ΚeHHH, HKOHax - a JIyιIme Cκa3aTb,Β ee nOnHOΤe. 3τ0 BH.l\HO,l\a)Κe
Β npaBocnaBHoH XpaMOBOH apXHTeκτype. Kynon CΗ306Ρa)ΚeΗΗbΙΜ Β HeM ΧρΗ-
C1ΌM&e,l\ep)lα/'l'efleM CHMB0Jrn3Hpyeτ COIIIeCTBHeHe6a Ha 3eMnIO,ΊΌ ern tJ1ΌEor
cτan qenOBeKOM U o6umαιι c 1-tαMU, cnoBaMH EBaHrenHCΤa 110aHHa EOrOCnOBa
(I1Η, 1,14). Α nocKonbΚY Eor cran qenOBeKOM qepe3 ΕοrΟΡΟ.l\ΗΙΙΥ, ΤΟ, qT06bI
nOKa3aTb, qTO ΟΗ comen Ha 3eMnIO Η Κ nIO.l\RM qepe3 Hee, MbI Η306Ρa)ΚaeΜ Ee
Ha anTapHOH anCH.l\e. OHa - nOHCΤHHe MOCT,πο ΚΟΤΟρΟΜΥEor cnycrHncR Κ
HaM, Η πο ΚΟΤΟρΟΜ}' MbI 3eMHble B03BO,l\HMCRHa He60, MeCΤO BMeCΤHBIIIee
HeBMeCΤHMOrO ΡΜΗ HaIIIerO CnaCeHHR Η «COKpOBHIQe+10 He6eCHOe.
11 eIQe IJ;epKoBb Η306Ρa)Κaeτ nIO,l\eH, YCBOHBIIIHX 060)ΚeΗΗe, CTaBIllHX πο
6narO,l\aTH 60raMH 6naro,l\apR ΤΟΜΥ,qTO Eor cτan qenOBeKoM.11 Tenepb Β npa-
BOCnaBHbIX XpaMaX Β03ΜΟ)ΚΗ0 Η306Ρa)ΚaΤb BMeCΤe C BOnJIOTHBmHMCR Bce-
.l\ep)ΚHreJIeM He TOnbKO Ero npeHenOpOqHyro Marepb, npeqHcryιo ,LJ;eBYΕο-
rΟΡΟ,l\ΗΙΙΥ, ΗΟ Η CBRTbIX.Πο CΤeHaM XpaMOB MbI 3aneqaTneBaeM nnO,l\bI ΕωΚΗΗ
BOnnOIQeHHlI: OCBRIQeHHbIXΗ 060)ΚeΗbΙΧ M)'JΚeH Η )ΚeΗ.
Bce 3ΤΟ ~nR ΤΟΓΟ,qT06bI BXO.l\RIQHHΒ npaBOCnaBHbIH XpaM, BMeCTe C Kpa-
COTOIOΗΚΟΗ, cpa3Y BOCnpHHHMaJI OnbIT ΤΟΓΟ,qTO C.l\enaHO EorOM pa,l\H HaC, Η
CBOHMH rna3aMH BH.l\eJICMbICJIqenOBeqeCKOH )ΚΗ3ΗΗ. Bce Β XpaMe YΤBep)Κ,l\a-
er EO)ΚHe BOnJIOIQeHHe Η qeJIOBeqeCKOe 060)ΚeΗΗe.

\. Platytcra (zpeι.ι.) - 6ΥΚΒ.• BMCCΤHJIHιnC', ΤΟ, 'ΙΤΟ BMCιnaeτ Hc60 Β ce6a, COi\ep)l(HT ero Β ce6e.

--11--
Π;6PK~BIιΚΜ\ M6(}T~ ~E~iΚ6HH}I

~eJIalO~He ~ocrHrHyrb e~HHeHHH COXpHcrOM Η CEOrOM OTI..~OMΒΟXpHC-


Te 3HaIOT, tITO 3ΤΟ COBeprnaeTCH Β TeJIe XpHCTOBOM, ΚΟΗΜ HBJIHeTCHHarna
CBHTaHΠΡaΒΟCJIaΒΗaΗU:epKOBb.
KOHetIHO, MbI COe~HHHeMCHHe C ΕωκecrΒeΗΗοΗ C)τ/HOcrbIO, a C XpHcrO-
BbIM 06ωκeΗbΙΜ tIeJIOBetIeCKHM eCTecrBOM. O~HaKO 3ΤΟΤ COlO3 CO XpHcrOM
HeCBO~HM ΗΗ Κ tIeMY BHelliHeMY Η npeBOCXO~HT HpaBcrBeHHbIl1 ypOBeHb.
MbI CJIe~eM 3a XpHcrOM He ΒΤΟΜCMbICJIe,l<aKnOCJIe~OBaTenHKaKOrO- JIH60
φHJIοαχΡa HJIHpenHΓH03HOro yqme.ιm. MbI cocraBJIHeMEro Teno, Ero QepKOBb.U:ep-
KOBbXpHCTOBaeCTbEro Teno Β CMbICJIeCaMOMΠρΗΜΟΜ,a BOBCeHe nepeHOCHOM,
KaK OlliH60tIHO My~pcrByιoT HeKOTOpbIe 60rOCJIOBbI, He nOτpY,l(HBlliHCb rJIY-
60ΚΟ BHHΚHyrb Β ~ CBHTOHU:epKBH. XpHcrOC npHeMJIeT HaC, XpHCTHaH, Β
CBOe C06CTBeHHOe TeJIo, HeCMOTpH Ha Harne He~ocToHHcrBO Η rpexoBHocrb.
ΟΗ ~enaeτ HaC ~eHcrBHTeJIbHO tIacrHMH CaMOrO Ce6H, Η MbI Β CaMOM ΠρΗΜΟΜ
CMbICJIeCTaHOBHMCH
qneHaMH Ero )ια/ΒΟΓΟTena. ΚaK Η anocrOJI ΠaΒeJI rOBOpHT:
"Mbl 'WleHbl me.ιιa &0, om t1JlOmUΕΖΟ U om κοcmeu &0" (Εφec. 5, 30).
KOHetIHO, Β 3aBHCHMOCTHΟΤ JIHtIHOrO ~YXOBHOΓO COCTOHHHHKaJI\l\OrO,
XpHCTHaHe 6bIBalOT ΠΟ BpeMeHaM JIH60 )lα/BbIMH, JIH60 MepTBbIMH tIJIeHaMH
TeJIa XpHcroBa. Ηο Η Β KatIecrBe OMepTBeBlliHX ΟΗΗ He npeKpa~alOT 6bITb Ero
tIJIeHaMH. KpeCTHBlliHHCH craHoBHTCH tIaCTblO XpHCTOBa TeJIa. Ηο eCJIH ΟΗ He
HcnoBe~yeTCH, He npHtIa~aeτCH Η He )lα/BeT ~OBHO, ΟΗ nOKa MCpTB.
TeM He MeHee, eCJIHΟΗ nOKaeTCH,ΟΗ τyr )l(e HanOJIHHeτCH 60iKecrBeHHoH
)l(H3HblO Η CTaHOBHTCH)lα/BbIM qneHOM TeJIa XpHcroBa. Ero He H~HO nepe-
Kpe~HBaTb. HeKpe~eHbIH )l(e He HBJIHeτCHCO-TeJIeCHbIMXpHCIy, KaK 6bI ~OC-
τοΗΗΟ ΟΗ ΗΗ)ια/Π ΕΜΥHe06xo~HMO Kpe~eHHe, tIT06bI craTb XpHCTOBbIM, 6bITb
BOCnpHHHTbIM Β Ero Teno.
Α tITO~o Tex, ΚΤΟΒTene Ero, το HaM npe.lVIaraeτCHEro )lα/3Hb - Ero 6o)l(eCΓBeH-
HaH)lα/3Hb CTaHOBHTCH
HarneH. MbI npHeMJIeM )lα/3Hb, CnaCeHHeΗ o60)l(eHHe: ~eno
HeMbICJIHMOe,eCJIH 6 CaM Eor He c~eJIaJI Hac tIJIeHaMH CBoero CBRToro TeJIa.
CBHTOOTetIeCKaHTpa~HQHH yrBepJI\l\aeτ, tITO Harne cnaceHHe HeB03MO)I(H0
6e3 CBHTbIX TaHHcrB U:epKBH, KOTopbIe YCBOHIOTHac XpHCΤY, ~enaH Hac τοΗ
)l(e nJIOTH Η τοΗ )l(e ΚρΟΒΗ, tITO ΟΗ.
ΚaKOe crpalliHoe 6JIarOCJIOBeHHe- 6bITb npHtIaCTHHl<aMH CBHTbIXTaHHcrB!
XpHCTOCYCBOHeTCH
HaM,Ero )lα/3Hb craHOBHTCHHaιπeH )lα/3HbIO Η Ero κpoBb - Ha-
rneH KpOBblO.Π03ΤΟΜΥ CBHTOHlifOaHH 3JIaTOYcr rOBopHT, tITO Heτ HMtIerO 60JIb-
rnero, tITO Eor HMeJI 6bI npeMO)lα/Tb tIe.ιIOBeκy, tIeM ΤΟ, tITO ΟΗ ~aeT eMY Β
CBHTOMΠΡΗtIa~eΗΗΗ. KaK Η tIeJIOBeκy HetIerO nOnpOCHTb Υ Eora CBepX ΤΟΓΟ,
tITO npHeMJIeτ ΟΗ ΟΤ XpHCTa ΒΟ CBHTOMΠΡΗtIa~eΗΗΗ.

--12 --
TaK, KpeIQeHHbIC, Ml'ιpOnOMa3aHHbIC 11 nOKa51BlllI1CCJI, Mbl npI1qalI~aCMCJI
TCJIa 11 ΚρΟΒΙ1 rOCnOJ:\HI1X 11 CTaHOBI1MC51 60raMI1 πο EJIaΓOJ:\aTI1. Mbl COCJ:\I1H51-
CMC51 Eory TaK, qTO Mbl )')ΚC HC q)')Κl1C, a CBOI1 ΕΜΥ·
Β QCPKBI1, fJ:\C Mbl COCJ:\I1H51CMC51
Eory, HaM J:\aeτC51 OnbIT τοΜ ΗΟΒοΜ pCaJIb-
HOCTI1, KOTopa51 BHCCCHa Β Μl1ρ XpI1CTOM: ΗΟΒΟΓΟ TBOpCHI151. 3το )ΚI13Hb QCP-
ΚΒI1 11)ΚΙ13Ηb XpI1CTOBa - CTaHOB51IQa51C5111 HalllCM J:\apOBaHI1CM CB51TOfO ,l.J,yxa.
Β QepΚBI1 Bce BCJ:\eτ Κ 060)ΚCΗΙ1ΙΟ: ΕΟ)ΚCCTΒCΗΗaH JII1TypfI15I, TaI1HCTBa, ΜΟ-
JII1TBa, npOnOBCJ:\b EBaHfeJIl15I, nOCTbl - BCe. 3τ0 CJ:\I1HCTBCHHOCMCCTO 060)κCΗI15Ι.
QepKOBb HC CCTb 06IQCCTBCHHOC, ΚYJIbTypHOe I1JII1 I1CTOpI1qCCKOC yqpC)ΚJ:\C-
HI1C, nOJ:\06HO nPOqI1M qeJIOBCqCCΚI1M OpraHI13a~I15IM. OHa HC cpaBHI1Ma ΗΙ1 C
KaKI1M Ml1pCKI1M I1HCTI1TyTOM. Β Ml1pe ΜΗΟΓΟ 3aMCqaTCJIbHblX I1HCTI1TyTOB,
06IQCCTB 11 OpraHI13a~I1M - 11 OJ:\HaKO npaBOCJIaBHa51 QCpKOBb BCCfJ:\a OCTa-
HeTCJI CJ:\I1HCTBCHHbIM MCCTOM CJ:\I1HCHI15IC ΕΟΓΟΜ, YΙ-II1KaJIbHbIM MCCTOM 060)Κe-
ΗI15Ι. Hl1fJ:\c 60JIblllC He CTaHeT qeJIOBeK 60ΓΟΜ. ΗI1 Β YHI1BepCI1TeTaX, ΗI1 Β 06-
IQCCTBeHHbIX OpraHI13a~I15IX, ΗΙ1 Β qeM KpaCI1BOM 11J:\06POM, qTO CCΤb Β Ml1pC. KaK
6bl XOpOlllI1 ΟΗI1 ΗΙ1 6blJII1, ΟΗI1 HC Β CI1JIaX J:\aTb το, qTO npcJ:\JIaraCT QCpKOBb.
Βοτ nOqCMY HI1KaKOC Ml1pCKOC yqpC)ΚJ:\CHI1C HC ΜΟ)ΚCΤ 3aMCHI1Tb QepKOBb,
KaK 6bl npOrpCCCI1BHO ΟΗΟ ΗΙ1 6b1JIo.
HCT Hl1qCfO YJ:\I1BI1TCJIbHOrO, qTO Mbl, HCMOIQHblC 11 rpClllHblC, BpCMCHaMI1
npCTCpnCBaeM CKOp6I1 11 HCCΤpOCHI151 J:\a)Κc BHyrpl1 QCPKBI1. MCH51 HC YJ:\I1BJI51-
ΙΟΤ CKaHJ:\aJIbHbIC pa3HOfJIaCI151, ΧΟΤ51 6bl 11 Β CaMOM ~CpKOBHOM CPCJ:\C. ΟΗI1
CJIyqaIOTC51 ΠΟΤΟΜΥ, qTO 3J:\CCb Mbl CIQe Ha ΠΥτΙ1 Κ 060)κCΗI110, 11 3ΤΟ BnOJIHC
CCΤCCTBCHHO, qTO np051BJI51CTC51Hallla qCJIOBCqCCKa51 HCMOIQb. EIQe Mbl HC 60rl1,
a TOJIbKO Ι1,ι:ι;eΜΚ ΤΟΜΥ. CKOJIbKO 6bl ΗI1 CTaJIKI1BaJII1Cb Mbl C nOJ:\06HbIMI1 HC-
npl151THOCT5IMI1, ΟΗI1 HC OTBpaT51T HaC ΟΤ QCpKBI1, ΠΟΤΟΜΥ qTO JII1111bΒ HCM Mbl
npI16JII1)ΚaCMCJI Κ CJ:\I1HCHI1IO C EOrOM.
HanpI1MCp, KOrJ:\a Β XpaMC Ha 60)ΚCCΤΒCΗΗΟΜ JII1ryprl1I1 Mbl BCTpCqaCM
JIIOJ:\CM,HI1KaK HC BHI1MaIOIQI1X ce CB51TOCTI111MClllaIOIQI1X HaM CBOI1M nYCTOC-
JIOBI1CM, KaK CCΤCCTBCHHO HaM nOJ:\YMaTb: ''Α qTO, C06CTBCHHO, Η npI1111eJI CIOJ:\a?
Hc JIyqlllC JII1 6blJIO MHC J:\OMa, rJ:\c HI1qTO HC OTBJICKaJIO 6bl MCH51οτ MOJII1TBbl?"
OJ:\HaKO, Mbl J:\ΟJI)ΚΗbl TBCPJ:\O npOTI1BOCTaTb nyKaBOMY nOMbICJIY 11 OTBC-
TI1Tb CMY: ",l.J,a, J:\OMa 6blJIO 6bl MHC ΠΟΚΟΜφΟΡΤΗCC - ΗΟ TaM HC 6blJIO 6bl Εο-
)ΚCCΤΒCΗΗΟι1: EJIarOJ:\aTI1 06HOBI1Tb 11OCB51TI1TbMCH51.TaM HC 6blJIO 6bl Xpl1CΤa,
npC6blBaIOmCrO Β QCPKBI1, HC 6blJIO 6bl Ero nPCql1CTOrO TCJIa 11 Ero 6CC~CH-
ΗΟι1: ΚρΟΒΙ1, KOTOpblC ΤΥΤ Ha CB51TOM npCCTOJIC. TaM Η HC 6blJI 6bl yqacTHI1KOM
JII1rypfl1qCCKOH: TaMHoH: BCqCpl1, OTJ:\CJII1B CC651 ΟΤ 6paTbCB ΜΟΙ1Χ, BMCCTC C
KOTOpbIMI1 51 TCnCpb COCTaBJI51IO TCJIO XPI1CTOBO".
11 qTO 6bl ΗΙ1 CJIyqI1JIOCb, Mbl HC nOKI1HCM QCpKOBb, 1160 TOJIbKO Β HcH:
06pCTaCM Mbl nyrb Κ 060)κCΗI1ΙΟ.

13
OBOiΚ6HH6 B03MOiΚHO Βι\ΜΌΑΑΡΧ
Η6ΤΒΑΡΗΙΙΙΜ BOiΚ6GTB6HHlιIM 3H6PfHXM
IDIo yιIeHHlO CBH~eHHOrO nH.CaHHH Η ΟΤΙ.\ΟΒ npaBOc.naBHOH [(epKBH ΧρΗ-
CTOBOH,06ωκeΗΗe B03MOIΚHO ,l\JIH qeJIOBeKa 6JIarO,l\apH ΤΟΜΥ, qTO EJIa-
rO,l\aTb EOIΚHH - HeTBapHa. Eor He eCTb TOJIbKO CYlI\HOCTb, KaK nOJIara-
eT "1.\epKOBb" 3ana,l\HaH, ΗΟ Η 3HeprHH. EY,l\b ΟΗ CY~HOCTb TOJIbKO, HHKa-
KOe COe,l\HHeHHe, HHKaKOe 06~eHHe C ΗΗΜ He 6bIJIO 6bI ,l\JIH HaC Β03-
MOIΚHO - Be,l\b CY~HOCTb EOIΚHH HenpHCτynHa Η HeBbIHOCHMa ,l\JIH qeJIOBe-
Ka: ".πuιφ Moezo Ή,eΜΟΧΉ,Ο me6e YBUoemb: nOmOMY 1tmO 1teJ/,ΟΒeκ Ή,eΜΟ-
:J/CemY8Uoemb ΜeΉ,Jl u OCmαmbCJl 8 :J/CU8bIX" (Mcx. 33, 20).
npHBe,l\eM HeqTO nO,l\06HOe Η3 06bI,l\eHHOH ΙΚΗ3ΗΗ. B3HBΠIHCb PYKaMH
3a OrOJIeHHbB1.3JIeKTpHqeCKHH npOBO,l\, MbI YMpeM. Α eCJIH MbI llO,l\ΚJIIOqHM
Κ HeMY JIaMnOqKY, ΤΟ nOJIyιIHM CBeT. MbI npOCBeTHMCH, B03pap;yeMCH, Η3-
BJIeqeM nOJIb3Y Η3 3HeprHH 3JIeΚTpHqeCTBa, Β το BpeMH KaK CYIl\HOCTb ero
HaM OnaCHa. nYCTb 3ΤΟ XOTb OT,l\aJIeHHO nOHCHHT BaM Ο HeTBapHbIX 60IΚe-
CTBeHHbIX 3HeprHHx.
Β ΤΟΜ cJIyιIae, eCJIH 6bI B03MOIΚHO 6bIJIO COe,l\HHeHHe C EOIΚHeH cY~-
HOCTblO, MbI 6bI ,l\eJIaJIHCbΠρΗ 3ΤΟΜ ToIΚe 60raMH πο CY~HOCTH. Α 3ΤΟ 3Ha-
qHT - Bce CTaJIO6bI 60IΚecTBoM, 6bIJIO 6bI CMeΠIeHHe, Η HHqTO He 6bIJIO 6bI
f)Κe EorOM πο cy~eCTBY. TaK Η nonyqaeτcH Β BOCTOqHbIX peJIHrHHX: Ha-
npHMep, Eor Β HH,l\YH3Me He JIHqHOe cy~ecTBo, a HeOnpe,l\eJIeHHaH CHJIa,
HanOJIHHlO~aH BeCb ΜΗρ - JIlO,l\eH, IΚHBOTHbIX, HeO,l\YΠIeBJIeHHbIe npe,l\Me-
TbI. 3το naHTeH3M.
Α eCJIH6bI Eor 6bill TOJIbKOHenpHcryπHoH ~0CTb1O, a He Η 3HeprHHMH, ΟΗ
6bI OCΤaBaJICHBCer,l\a "3aMΚHYΤ" Β Ce6e, Y,l\aJIeHΗ COKpbITΟΤ CBOerO TBOpeHHH.
npaBOCJIaBHOe 60rOCJIOBHe 3HaeT, qTO Eor eCTb E,l\HHH1.\a Β TpOH1.\e Η
'lpoH1.\a ΒΟ E,l\HHCTBe.Πο Y,l\HBHTeJIbHOMYBbιpaIΚeHHlO npenO,l\06HOrO MaK-
CHMa MCnOBe,l\HHKa, CBHTOrO,D;HOHHCHHApeOnarHTa Η ,l\PyrHx ΟΤ1.\ΟΒ,Eor
HCnOJIHeH 60IΚeCTBeHHOH JI106BH, 60IΚeCTBeHHOrO 3pOCa Κ CBOHM C03,l\a-
ΗΗΗΜ. Πο 3τοΗ CBOeH 6eCKOHeqHOH 3KCTaTHqeCKOH JI106BH, ΟΗ HCXO,l\HT
Η3 CBOeH CYlI\HOCTH ΡΜΗ 06~eHHH co CBOHM TBOpeHHeM. 3το HaXO,l\HT
BbιpaIΚeHHe Η HCnOJIHeHHe Β Ero 3HeprHH, HJIH TOqHee, 3HeprH.HX.
CBOHMH HeTBapHbIMH 3HeprHHMH Eor COTBOpHJI ΜΗρ Η npO,l\OJIIΚaeT
TBOpHTb ero. Ero TBOpqeCKHe 3HeprHH ,l\alOT CY~HOCTb Η HnOCίίlCb 3ΤΟΜΥ
ΜΗΡΥ. COXpaHHlO~HMH 3HeprHHMH ΟΗ BCer,l\a npHCYlI\ BCeMY Η npOMbIΠI-
JIHeT Ο BCeH BCeJIeHHOH. llpOCBe~aIO~He 9HeprHH EOIΚHH HayqalOT qeJIO-
BeKa, Η OCBH~alO~He - OCBH~alOT ero. HaKOHe1.\,EOIΚHH 060IΚalOIl\He 3Hep-
ΓΗΗ COBepmalOT ero 060IΚeHHe. CBOHMH HeTBapHbIMH 3HeprHHMH CBHTOH

--14--
Eor BXO~I1T Β o~yrneBneHHyro Η Heo~yrneBneHHyro ΠPHPO~Y, t.fenOBet.feC-
κyro HCTOpHIO Η Β ;ΚΗ3Ηb Ka~oro t.fenOBeKa.
3HeprHH ΕΟ;ΚΗΗ 60;κeCΤBeΗΗbΙ. ΟΗΗ CYΤbCaM Eor, ΧΟΤΗ Η He C~HOCTb
Ero. ΟΗΗ το;κe Eor - Η TonbKO Π03ΤΟΜΥ ΟΗΗ Moryτ 060;ΚΗΤb t.fenOBeKa.
EcnH 6bI 3ΤΗ 3HeprHH He 6bInH 60;κeCΤΒeΗΗbΙ, HeTBapHbI, ΤΟ ΟΗΗ He 6bInH
6bI CaMHM EorOM. 11 ΟΗΗ He 6bInH 6bI CnOC06HbI ~aTb HaM 060;κeΗΗe, CO-
e~HHHTb c ΗΗΜ. Me~y HaMH Η EorOM ne;κana 6bI HenpOXO~HMaH προ-
naCTb. Enaro~apH 60;κeCΤΒeΗΗbΙΜ HeCOTBopeHHbIM 3HeprHHM, KOTOpbIMH
Eor coe~HHHeTCH C HaMH, MbI Μο;κeΜ 06~aTbCH C ΗΗΜ Η COe.l(HHHTbCHC
Ero Enaro~aTbIO - He OTo~ecTBnHHCb C ΗΗΜ, KaK 6bIno 6bI, ecnH 6bI HaM
ΠΡe~ne;κanο BXO~HTb Β 06~eHHe C Ero CY~HOCTbIO.
Π03ΤΟΜΥ, MbI coe~HHHeMCH C HeτBapHbIMH 60;κeCTΒeΗΗbΙΜΗ 3HeprHHMH
EOJΚHHMH, a He C C~HOCTbIO Ero. 11 3ΤΟ TaHHCTBO HarneM npaBocnaBHoM
BepbI Η ;ΚΗ3ΗΗ.
3an~HbIe epeTHΚH He MOιyr npHHHTb cero. PaQHOHa.ΠHCTHt.fecΚHM
pa3YM He
~enaeτ pa3nHt.fHH Me~ EOJΚHHMH~HOCThIO Η 3HeprHHMH. ,Π,ιm ΗΗΧ Eor eCTb
TonbKO Ero ~HOCTh, a 3Hat.fHT,y;κe HeB03MOJΚHOrOBOpHTb 06 060;κeΗΗΗ. Ο
KaKOM060;κeΗΗΗ MO;Κeτ~H Υ ΗΗΧ pet.fb, ecnH ΟΗΗHe Ct.fHTaIOT3HeprHH EOJΚHH
HeτBapHbIMH, a nHrnb coTBopeHHbIMH, TBapbIO? KaK MO;Κeτ Be~b coTBopeH-
HaH, oT~eneHHaH ΟΤ CaMoro Eora, o6OJKumb CΟΤΒΟΡeΗΗοrο;κe t.fenOBeKa?
ΟΗΗ 60HTCH rOBopHTb 06 060;κeΗΗΗ, t.fT06bI Η36e;κaTb naHTeH3Ma. 11
t.fτο;κe Υ ΗΗΧ OCTaeTCHKaK CMbIcn t.fenOBet.feCKoM;ΚΗ3ΗΗ? O~HO HpaBcTBeH-
Hoe cOBeprueHcTBoBaHHe. EcnH HeT 060;κeΗΗΗ 60;κeCΤΒeΗΗbΙΜΗ 3HeprHH-
ΜΗ, 60;κeCΤΒeΗΗΟι1: Enaro~aTbIO, το t.fTO OCTaeTCHt.fenOBeKY? YCOBeprnaTb-
CH Η YΤBep~aTbCH HpaBCTBeHHO? Ηο MopanbHoro COBeprneHCTBa He ~oc-
TaTOt.fHO t.fenOBeKY! ΕΜΥ He ~aeT nonHOTbI ΤΟ TonbKO, t.fT06bI CTaHOBHTbCH
nYt.Irne, t.feM npe~e, Η nOpH~Ot.fHO BeCTH ce6H. Ero KOHet.fHaH Qenb Β e~H-
HeHHH CO CBHTbIM EorOM. Β 3ΤΟΜ CMbIcn TBopeHHH Bcero MHpa. Βοτ ;κe-
naHHaH Qenb. Β HeM Harna pa~ocTb, Harne CtIaCTbe, Harne cOBeprneHHe.
~yrna t.fenOBeKa, C03~aHHoro πο 06pa3Y Η πo~06HIO Eora, CTpeMHTCH Κ
HeMY, TocκyeT πο e~HHeHHIO C ΗΗΜ. 11 HeT eM ΠΟΚΟΗ, nOKa He HaM~eT t.fe-
nOBeK Eora Η He coe~HHHTCH C ΗΗΜ, CKonb 6bI BbICOKa ΗΗ 6bIna ero ;ΚΗ3Ηb
Η MHOrOt.fHCneHHbI ~06pbIe ~ena ero - ΠΟΤΟΜΥ t.fTO CaM Eor CBHTOM Bno-
;ΚΗn Β Hero 3ΤΥ CBHTYIO;κa~Υ, 3ΤΟΤ 60;κeCΤΒeΗΗbΙι1: 3pOC, 3ΤΟ CBH~eHHoe
Bo~eneHHe 060;κeΗΗΗ, e~HHeHHH C EorOM. BHyτpb t.fenOBeKa Haca~eHa
CHna Bo~eneHHH, ~aHHaH C03~aTeneM ~nH ΤΟΓΟ, tIT06bI nI06HTb HCTHHHO,
CHnbHO, caM03a6BeHHO - KaK CaM CBHTOMTBopeQ, BnI06neHHbIM Β TBope-
HHe, Β ΜΗρ CBOM. qenoBeκy ~aHa CHna BnI06HTbCH Β Eora, Β03;κenaΤb Ero
BceM KpenOCTbIO CBHToro Bo~eneHHH. He HMeM ΟΗ Β ce6e 06pa3a ΕΟ;ΚΗΗ,

15
ero nOHCK ΠeΡΒο06Ρa3a 6blJI 6bl 6eCnJIO~eH. Ka~blH Η3 HaC 06neqeH 06-
pa30M ΕωΚΗΗΜ, HMeeT ΠeΡΒο06Ρa30Μ Eora. 06pa3 CTpeMHTCH Κ ΠeΡΒΟ-
06pa3Y, Η TOJIbKO KOr~a HaXO~HT Ero, ynOKOHBaeTCH Β HeM.
Β qeTbIpHMQaTOM BeKe 3aΩMHbιH MOHax BapnaaM ycrpoHJI CHJIbHy:IO CMYIY Β
U:epΚBH. ΟΗ C1Ib1llIaJI,qTQ aΦOHHTbI roBOpπr 06 06ωκeΗΗΗ. ΕΜΥ paCCκa3aJII1, qTQ noc-
ne BeJIHKOH 60Pb6bl, nOCJIe OqH~eHHH ΟΤ cτpacτeH Η BeJIHKHX MOJIHTBeHHblX
TPY~OB ΟΗΗ Y~OCTaHBaIOTCH e,L\HHeHHH C EorOM, CnO~06JIHIOTCH OnblTHOrO Εο-
rOn03HaHHH, BXOmrr Β cooepQaHHe Eora. ΟΗ C1Ib1llIaJI,qTQ ΗΧ noce~eτ HernapHbιH
CBeτ, HeKOr,L\a OCHHBIIlHH anOCTOJIOB Ha ΦaΒΟΡe ΠρΗ Πpe06ΡίΙ)ΚeΗΗΗ rocno~HeM.
Η paQHoHaJIHCTHqeCKHH ΥΜ epeτHKa BapnaaMa He ΜΟΓ ΠΟΗeCΙΉ cero, He
ΜΟΓ nOBepHTb HCTHHHOCTH onblTa cMHpeHHblx aφΟΗCΚΗΧ MOHaXOB - Η ΟΗ
06BHHHJI ΗΧ Β npeneCΤH, epeCH Η H3blqeCΤBe. HHqerO He 3HaH Ο pa3JIHqHH
Me~y ΕωκeCΤΒeΗΗΟΗ C~HOCTbIO Η HeTBapHblMH 6ωκeCΤΒeΗΗblΜΗ 3HeprH-
ΗΜΗ, ΟΗ HaCTaHBaJI Ha HeB03MO)l(HOCTH BH,L\eτb EO)l(eCΤBeHHblH CBeτ.
Tor,L\a Enaro,L\aTb B03,L\BHrJIa BeJIHKOrO yqHTeJIH HalIleH U:epKBH, aφΟΗCΚΟ-
ΓΟ npenO,L\06HOro MOHaxa ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ ΠaJIaΜΥ, apXHenHCKona ΦeccanΟΗΗΚC-
ΚΟΓΟ. EY,L\yqH npOCBe~eH ΟΤ Eora, ΟΗ C 60JIblIlOH MY,L\POCTblO, OCHOBaHHOH Ha
JIHqHOM onblTe, npOnOBe,L\OBaJI, nHCaJI Η yqHJI, Β cornaCHH CO CBH~eHHbIM
ΠΗcaΗΗeΜ Η ΠΡe,L\aΗΗeΜ, qTO CBeT EO)l(eCTBeHHOH EJIarO,L\aTH HeTBapeH, 3ΤΟ
60)l(eCTBeHHaH 3HeprHH. ΟΗ YΤBeplΚ,!:\aJI, qTO CnO,L\06HBIIlHeCH 06ωκeΗΗΗ ,L\eH-
CΤBHTeJIbHO BH,L\HTHeTBapHblH CBeT, Η caMH 3pHMbl 6blBalOT Β EO)l(eCΤBeHHOM
CBeτe, Η 3ΤΟ eCΤb HCTHHHeHlIlee Η BblCOqaHlIlee nepe)I(HBaHHe 06ωκeΗΗΗ. 3το
cπaBa EO)I(HH, CHHHHe EO)l(eCΤBa, CBeτ ΦaΒΟΡCΚΗΗ, CBeT XpHCΤOBa BOCKpece-
ΗΗΗ Η ΠΗΤH,L\eCΗΤΗΗQbl Η 06JIaKO, oceHHBlIlee BeTX03aBeTHYΙO Clα/HHIO. 3το
peanbHblH, a He CHMBOJIHqeCKHH, KaK Ka3aJIOCb BapnaaMY Η ero CTOpOHHH-
KaM, HeτBapHblH CBeT EO)l(eCTBa.
CnYCTH HeKOTopoe BpeMH U:epKOBb Ha Tpex KOHcτaHTHHOnOJIbCΚHX Co-
60pax nO,L\TBep,L\HJIa HCnOBe,L\aHHe CBHToro ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ nanaMbl Ο ΤΟΜ, qTO
)l(H3Hb ΒΟ XpHcτe - He TOJIbKO HpaBCΤBeHHoe COBeplIleHCTBOBaHHe, ΗΟ Η 060-
)l(eHHe. Α 3ΤΟ 03HaqaeT yqacTHe Β CJIaBe rOCnO,L\HeH Η C03epQaHHe Eora, Ero
EnarO,L\aTH, Ero HeτBapHoro CBeτa.
BeJIHKa HalIla 6JIaro,L\apHOCTb CBHTOMY ΓρΗroρΗIΟ ΠanaΜe, nOCKOJIbΚY ΟΗ ΠρΗ-
ΗΗΠ ΟΤ Eora Η CBOHM 6orocnoBHeM Η MOJIHTBeHHblM nO,L\BHrOM nepe,L\an HaM
U:epKOBHoe yqeHHe 06 060)l(eHHH Η HenpeXO,L\H~HH OnblT ero. He το ,L\eJIaeτ
qeJIOBeKa xpHCΤHaHHHOM, qT06bl TOJIbKO npaBHJIbHO paCCylΚ,LlaTb Ο Eore, a το,
qT06bl ODblTHO npH6JIH)I(aTbCH Κ HeMY. 3τ0 KaK Kor~a Bbl 6ece,L\yeτe C TeM,
ΚΟΓΟ CHJlbHO JII06HTe: Bbl qyBCΤByeTe ce6H 3aO,L\HO C ΗΗΜ, Bbl JlHκyeTe ΟΤ 06~e-
ΗΗΗ C ΗΗΜ - HMeHHO TaK Η npOHCXO,L\HT, Kor~a ΚΤΟ 06~aeTCH C EorOM. 3το He
BHelIlHee 06~eHHe, a TaI1HCTBeHHOe e,L\I1HeHl1e qeJIOBeKa C EorOM Β ,ιιΥχe CBHTOM.

--16--
Ηο ~O CHX πορ I<aTOJIHΚI1 CtIHTalOT TBapHOH DOiKeCΤBeHHyIO DJIarO~aTb,
DOiKeCTBeHHbIe 3HeprHH. Η 31'0 TOiKe HBJIHeτCJI O~HHM Η3 TeX ΜΗΟΓΗΧ netIaJIb-
HeHIIIHX pa3JIHtIHH M~ HaMH, KOTOpbIe He06xo~HMO YΙΙHTbIBaTb ΠρΗ 60ro-
CJIOBCKHX ~HaJIOraX. Filίoque11, nanCΚI1M npHMaTOM Η 'ΉeποrΡelιΙΗΜΟCΤblO"
He HCtIepnbIBalOTCJI, Κ COiKaJIeHHIO, Cepbe3HbIe paCXO~eHHH Me~y npaBO-
CJIaBHOH UepKOBblO Η KaTOJIH~H3MOM: HeMaJIOBalΚHO Η ΤΟ, Ο tIeM MbI rOBOpH-
JIH 3~eCb. nOKa pHMO-KaTOJIHKH He ΠρΗΜΥτ DOiKeCTBeHHyIO DJIarO~aTb KaK
HeTBapHyIO, HeMbICJIHMO npHMHpeHHe, ~a)J(e ΠρΗ ΠρΗΗΗΤΗΗ ΗΜΗ BCerO OC-
TaJIbHOrO. Be~b KaK OCYτ/eCTBHTbCH 060)J(eHHIO, eCJIH DO)J(IfH DJIarO~aTb - JIHllIb
TBapb, a He HeτBapHaH 3HeprHH BCeCBHTOrO )..(yxa?

ΥGι\~.GΗ}l~E~iΚeHH}l

~BHTbIe OT~bI YΤBep~aIOT, ΙΙΤΟ Β μeΡΚΒΗ MbI MO)J(eM ~OCTHraTb 060)J(e-


ΗΗΗ.
O~HaKO HaM Ha~O llOMHHTb, ΙΙΤΟ 31'0 ~ap DO)J(HH, a He ΤΟ, tIero MO)J(HO
~06HTbCJI O~HHM CBOHM YCHJIHeM. ECTeCTBeHHO, He06xo~HMO HaIlIe )J(eJIa-
HHe, HallIe 60peHHe 11rOTOBHOCTb, tIT06bI nPI1HHTb 11C peBHOCTbIO coxpa-
HHTb 31'0 YAI1BI1TeJIbHOe ~apOBaHl1e, 1160 Dor Hl1tIerO He XOtIeT ~eJIaTb 6e3
HallIero COfJIaCHH. Η Bce )J(e, ~ap oCTaeTcH ~apoM. Βοτ notIeMY CBHTbIe OT~bI
rOBopHT, ιιτο MbI "I1CnbITbIBaeM" 060)J(eHl1e, Β ΤΟ BpeMJI KaK Dor "CO~eJIbI-
Baeτ" ero Β HaC.
MolΚHO JII111Ib yκa3aTb He06xo~HMbIe "npe~nOCbIJIKI1", KOTOpbIe CraBJIT HaC
Ha 31ΌΤ ΠΥη.

α) CMUpeHUe
3'ro nepBeHllIee YCJIOBl1e ~JIJI 060)J(eHI1JI, COfJIaCHO CBJITOOTetIeCKOH Tpa-
~11~1111.HeB03MOIΚH0 BCΤaTb Ha nyrb 060)J(eHI1JI, nPI1HJITb 60)J(eCTBeHHYΙO DJIa-
ro~aTb, C~eJIaTbCJI ~pyrOM DO)J(HI1M 6e3 CBJITOrO CMl1peHI1JI. )..(a)J(e ~JIJI ΤΟΓΟ,

11 -11 ΟΤ CbIH3- (ιIam.) - ,l\063BncHHc. BOnpCKH nocτaHOBnCHH~M BccncHcKHx C060POB BHcceHHoc n3-
THHCKHMH 60rocnOB3MH Β CHMBon BCpbl Η OTIlOc~~eCCH Κ HCXO)l(J\CHHIOCBHToro ~YX3. Β HeM 33MeTCH
p3l\HOH3nHeTH'IeCKHH, oCHoB3HHbII1 60ncc Η3 norHKC, ΗCΛ(cnΗ Η3 MHCΤH'ICCKOMOnblTC, ΠΟΑΧΟΑΚ 6oro-
(ΠΟΒΗΙΟ, Boo6~e xapaKTcpHblH ΑΠΗ PHMO-K3TOnHl\H3Ma.

--17--
'1T06bI npocro OC03HaTb, 'ΙΤΟ CMbICJIOM1Ια/3ΗΗ HBJIHeτCH ΗΗ 'ΙΤΟ HHOe KaK 060-
)l(eHHe, H}'iΚHa H3BecrHaH ~omr cMHpeHHH. Α KaK HHa'1e MbI COfJIaCHMCHΥΒΗ-
~eτb CBOIO1Iα/3HeHH}'IO ~eπb BHe Hac caMHX - He Β ce6e, a Β Eore?
nOKa '1eJIOBe'1eCKOeC03HaHHe OCTaeTCH3fOHcrH'1HbIM, 3aMKHyrbIM Ha
Ce6H, aBTOHOMHbIM, '1eJIOBeK nocraBJIHeT Ce6H Β ~eHTp BCHKOrO )l(H3HeH-
HOrO CMbICJIa. ΟΗ BepHT, 'ΙΤΟ MO)l(eT YCOBepIlIHTb, pa3BHTb Η 060)l(HTb CaM
Ce6H. Be~b HMeHHO TaKOB Η eCTb ~yx COBpeMeHHOH ~HBHJIH3aQHH, ΦΗJIΟ-
CΟφΗΗ, ΠΟJIΗΤΗΚΗ: DOCTpOHTb HOBbIH, JIyqIlIHH ΜΗρ - aBTOHOMHbIH, ΟρΗ-
eHTHpOBaHHbIH Ha '1eJIOBeKa He COOTHeCeHHOrO C EOrOM, He npH3HaIO~e-
ΓΟ Eora HCTO'1HHKOM BCHKOrO6JIara. He ΤΥ )l(e JIΗ OIlIH6KY COBepIlIHJI MaM,
KOr~a DOBepHJI, 'ΙΤΟ CMO)l(eT CTaTb 60rOM Η ~OCTH'1b COBepIlIeHCTBa CBOH-
ΜΗ CHJIaMH? JyMaHHCTH'1eCKHe TeH~eH~HH BCeX BeKOB 11HIIIb ΠΟΒΤΟρΗΙΟΤ
ero 3a6JI~eHHe. ΟΗΗ He C'1HTaIOT 06~eHHe C EOrOM Ηe06ΧΟΆΗΜbΙΜ ΜΗ
~OCTH)l(eHHH cOBepIlIeHcTBa.
Β npaBOCJIaBHH )l(e Bce HanpaBJIeHO Ha e~HHeHHe '1eπOBeKaC EoroM, oCY-
~eCTBHBIIIeeCH ΒΟ XpHcre, Bce ycrpeMJIeHO Κ EOrO'1eπOBeκy YIHcyCY. B03bMH-
Te 'ΙΤΟ yrO~HO BHe npaBOCJIaBHJI:npOTeCTaHTH3M, nanH3M, MacoHcrBo, "CBH-
~eτeJIeH YIeroBbI", aTeH3M - ΠρΗ BCeH pa3HocrH BbI 3aMeτHTe Ο,Ζι:ΗΗ06~HH
npH3HaK: 06pa~eHHOCTb Ha '1eJIOBeKa. Α Υ Hac Bce 06pa~eHo Ha XpHcra.
Π03ΤΟΜΥ TaK JIerKO CTaTb epeτHKoM, HeroBHcToM, MaCOHOM,KeM yrO~HO - Η
TaK TPY~HOcraTb npaBOCJIaBHbIMXpHCTHaHHHOM.QT06bI craTb npaBOCJIaBHbIM
xpHcrHaHHHoM, HYJΚHODOCTaBHTbXpHcra, a He Ce6H, Β ~eHTp BCeJIeHHOH.
ΥΙτaκ, Β CaMOM Ha'1ane HaIlIerO πyrH Κ 06Q)l(eHHIO JIe)l(HT CMHpeHHe, a
HMeHHO - npH3HaHHe ΤΟΓΟ,'ΙΤΟ CMbICJIHaIlIeH 1Ια/3ΗΗ 3aΚJIIO'1eHHe Β HaC, a Β
HaIlIeM Oτ~e, C03~aTeπe Η Eore.
CMHpeHHe OKa)l(eτCH He06xo~HMbIM Η ~ ΤΟΓΟ, '1T06bI YBH~eτb, 'ΙΤΟ MbI
60JIbHbI, DOBpe)Κ,l(eHbIcτpacrHMH Η CJIa60crHMH.
ΟΗΟ OKa)l(eτCH He06xo~HMbIM HenpecraHHo Ha npOTH)l(eHHI1 BCerO πyrH
Κ o60)l(eHHIO - ΜΗ peIlIHBIIIerOCH He CXO~HTb C Hero. YIHa'1e - '1YΤb ΟΗ ΠρΗ-
Meτ MbICJIb,6Y~TO ΟΗ MOJIO~e~ Η XOpOIlIO ~eτ - rop~ocrb C6paCblBaeτ ero C
πyrH, Η eMY npHXO~HTCH Ha'1HHaTb BCeC Ha'1ana. ,IJ;ocrHrHyroe 6bIRO TepHeτ-
CH, Η BHOBb Η}?ΚΗΟ nepBOHa'1anbHOe CMHpeHHe: nOMHHTb Ο CBOeHHCDOp'1eH-
HOcrH, Ο '1eJIOBe'1eCKOHCJIa60crH, Η He ODHpaTbCH Ha Ce6H. TOJIbKO Ha πο-
MO~b EOlIα/eH EJIarO~aTH ODHpaeτCH ΤΟΤ, ΚΤΟ HMeeτCH y~ep)l(aTbCJI Ha πyrH
060)l(eHHH.
Bσr DO'1eMYB)ΚH'fHJIXCBHI'bIXτaκ πop~eτ l1ΧCκpoMHOCfb. ΟΗΗ 6bmH O'1eHb
ΜΗ3ΚΗ Eory, OCHJIBaJIHCb Ero CBeΊΌM, TBOpl1JIH~eca, HC1Ό'1anHΜΗΡΟ - Η ΠρΗ
BCeM 3ΤΟΜ craBHJIH Ce6H HJ1)l(eBCeX,C'1HTaJIHCe6H ~aneKHMH ΟΤ Eora Η xy~-
ΙΙΙΗΜΗ Η3 JIIO~eH. ΥΙ HMeHHO 3ΤΟ CMHpeHHe ~eJIanO ΗΧ 60raMH πο BJIarO~aTH.

--18--
6) ΑcκemUllecκοe JeJlClHUe
OTQbI OTMetJaIOT, tJTO 060)KeHHe HMeeτ CBOH cτyπeHH, ΟΤ caMbIX HatJaJIb-
HbIX Η 11.0 CaMbIX BbICOKHX. HayqHBlliHcb CMHpeHHIO, MbI HatJHHaeM ΤΡΥ11.πο
HCllOJIHeHHIO CBHTbIX XpHCΤOBbIX 3anOBe11.eH Β HameH llOBCe11.HeBHOH )ια/3ΗΗ,
C llOκaHHMeM Η BeJIHΚHM TepneHHeM, ΡΜΗ OtJH~eHHH ΟΤ cτpacτeH. Α CBHTbIe
OTQbI yκa3bIBalOT HaM Η Ha 6oJIblliee: ΟΗΗ rOBOpHT, tJTO Eor CaM COKpOBeH Β
CBOHX 3anOBe1J.jJX, Η KOr11.aXpHCΤHaHHH HCllOJIHHeτ ΗΧ ΠΟ JII06BH ΚΟ XpHCTy,
ΟΗ 06peτaeτ Ero CBOHM ~pyrOM.
COrJIaCHO CBHTbIM OτQaM, 3ΤΟ nepBaH cτyπeHb Κ 060)KeHHIO, HMeHyeMaH
JeJlClHue.3TO - aCKeτHtJeCKOe PYKOB011.CTBO, HatJaJIO ΠΥΤΗ.
ECΤeCΓBeHHO, 3Ta cτyπeHb BOBCe He JIerKa, ΠΟΤΟΜΥ tJTO BeJIHKa 6paHb ΡΜΗ
HCKOpeHeHHH BHyτpeHHHX HalliHX cτpaCΤeH. H)'iΚHO 60JIblliOe YCHJIHe, tJT06bI
MaJIO-llOMaJIy OtJHCΤHTb ΟΤ κaMHeH Η TepHHH CΤpaCΤeH HeB0311.eJIaHHOe 11.0CeJIe
llOJIe HamerO BHyτpeHHerO tJeJIOBeκa Η 1J.YX0BHOB0311.eJIaTb ero TaK, tJT06bI CeMH
CJIOBa ΕΟ)ΚΗΗ ΜΟΓΠΟ yπacτb Ha HerO Η npHHeCΤH ΠJI011..BeJIHKOe CaMOllpHHj')Κ-
11.eHHeHe06xo11.HMO K:l)Jζ1J.OMY "l{αp-
l1.JIHBCerO 3ΤΟΓΟ. ΠΟΤΟΜΥ rOCl1011.bΗ CKa3aJI:
cmeo He6eCHOe CUJlO1O6epemCJl, u ΥnοmΡe6.ιιJι1Οuιμe YCUJlUeeΟCXUUΙρ1Οmezo".
(Μφ. 11, 12). Ι1 CBJITbIe OτQbI llOBTOpHJIH: "~ίDΚl1.bKpOBb Η ΠρΗΗΜΗ ~yx"s. I1HbI-
ΜΗ CJIOBaMl1, MbI He npHMeM CBHTOrO ~yxa, eCJIH Hame cep11.Qe He npOJIbeτ KpOBb
Β 6opb6e 3a OtJH~eHHe ΟΤ CΤpaCΤeH, Β 60pb6e 3a llOKaHHHe llOl1.JlHHHOe Η rJIY-
6oKoe, 3a npH06peτeHHe BHyτpeHHHX XpHCΤHaHCΚHX 11.06po11.eτeπeH.
Bce 3Tl111.06po11.eτeJIH CYTb pa3HbIe npoHBlIeHHH 011.ΗοΗ BeJIHKOH 11.06po11.eτeJIH
JII06BH. ΚΟΓΆa xpIfcrnaHHH CTmκaeτ JII06oBb, ΟΗ HMeeT BCe 11.06P011.eTeJIH.JlI060Bb
H3ΓOHHeτ H31J.YlliH crmκaBlliero ee caMYlO npHtJHHYBCHKOΓO 3JIa Η cφacreH, a HMeH-
ΗΟ, 3ΓΟΗ3Μ. BCHKOe ΜΟ npoHCX01J.HT ΒΗΥτΡΗ HaC στ 3ΓOHCTHtJHOH HanpaBlIeHHOC-
ΤΗ Ha CaMOfO Ce6H, στ 6oJIe3HeHHOH JII06BH Κ caMOMYCe6e. Π03ΤΟΜΥ IJ:epKoBb llpe/1.-
JIaraeτ HaM ΚYJIbτypY aCKe3bI. Ee3 aCKemtJecΚHX ΠΟ11.ΒΗΓΟΒHe MO)Κeτ 6bITb 1J.YX0B-
ΗοΗ )ια/3ΗΗ, Heτ 60peHHH Η Heτ npol1.BH)ΚeHHH. ΡΜΗ OtJH~eHHH στ CBOHX BHyτpeH-
ΗΗΧ cφaCΤeH MbI Oκa3bIBaeM nocπyωaHHe, llOCTHMCH, 6011.pCTByeM, ΤPY11.HMCHΒ
llOΚJIOHax Μ tJaCaMH CTOHM Ha MOJIHTBe. nepecraHb npaBOCJIaBHaH IJ:epKoBb 6bITb
aCKeτHtJHOH, OHa nepeCΤaJIa 6b1 6bITb npaBOCJIaBHOH. OHa 6bI j')Κe He llOMOra-
JIa tJeJIOBeκy H36aBHTbCH ΟΤ CΤpaCTeH Η CTaTb 60rOM πο EJIar011.aTH.
CBHTbIe OTQbI pa3pa60TaJIH rπy60tJaHlliee Η TOtJHeHlliee yqeHHe 06 YCT-
poeHHH 11.ΥΙΠΗΗ tJeJIOBetJeCKHX CΤpaCΤHx12• ΟΗΗ pa3JIHtJaIOT Β 11.yωe pa3YMHyIO

11 311eCb aB1Όp CCbmaeτCII, He ΠρΗΒΟI\ΙΙ ero ποIιΡ06ΗΟ, Ha ΤPMHL\HOHHoe CBIITOOTe'lecKoe yιιeHHe Ο 'Ie.ιJOBe-
Ke, Kσropoe ΤΟΗΚΟ pa3JIH'Iaeτ MHOJΚeCJ'BO npOIIBJIeHHH 'Ie.ιJOBe'leCΚOH llyuIH. Haplll\y C 'I}'BCJ'BeHHoll, HJIH
Hepa3YMHOH, cropoHOH llyuIH, 'Ie.ιJOBeIζ Β σrnH'IHe σr JΚHBOTHOro, HMe.ιJeH Η pa3YMHOI1 CHJIOIi. Pa3YMHOH
CTOpOHe I\yuIH ΠρΗcyιna He TOnbKO cnoc06HOCTb paccyJΚI\aTb (τ. e. KaK-6bI .nepe6eraTb MbIcnblO C OIlHOro
nPeAMeτa Ha IIpyroH', lIenaTb nOrH'IeCKHe 3aMIO'IeHHII), ΗΟ Η C03ePL\aTb, BOCnpHHHMaII ΠρeAMeτ MbIcnH He-
nOCpellCJ'BeHHO, ΗΗΤΥΗΤΗΒΗΩ.Β CBOIOO'lepeAb, Κ Hepa3YMHOH cτopoHe I\yuIH σrHOCIITCII CHJIbI JΚenaTe.ιJbHaII,

--19--
Η t.J)'BCTBeHHj'IO CHJIb1 HJIH CnOC06HOCTH. ΠΟCJIe.ι:\ΗJΙJΙ BΚJIIOt.JaeT Β ce6J1 Ρa3/φa-
)ΚΗτeJIbΗj'IO Η )ΚeJIaτeJIbΗj'IO CHJIbI. YMHaJl CHJIa OTBet.JaeT 3a pa3YMHj'IO .ι:\eJl-
TeJIbHOCTb .ι:\yrπH - ΡaCC}')Κ.ι:\eΗΗe Η C03epQaHHe. Ρa3.ι:\Ρa)ΚΗτeJIbΗaJl CHJIa ΜΟ-
)ΚeT 6b1Tb nOJIO)ΚHTeJIbHO HJIH OTpHQaTeJIbHO HanpaBJIeHa - pO)Κ,l\aJl JII060Bb
HJIH HeHaBHCTb. CHJIa )ΚeJIaHHJI Μο)Κeτ 06paTHTbCJI Κ t.JYBCTBeHHbIM Υ.ι:\ΟΒΟJIb-
CTBHJlM, aJIt.JHOCTH, t.JΡeΒοyrΟ.ι:\ΗΙΟ, nJIOTCKHM CTpaCTJlM Η npOt.J. ECJIH 3ΤΗ ΤρΗ
CHJIb1.ι:\yrπH - YMHaJl, Ρa3.ι:\Ρa)ΚHτeJIbΗaJl Η )ΚeJIaτeJIbΗaJl - He 6Υ.ι:\γΓ Ot.JHll~eHb1,
t.JeJIOBeK He CΜο)Κeτ BMeCTHTb Β ce6J1 ΕJIarΟ.ι:\aΤb Εο)ΚΗΙΟ, He CΜο)Κeτ 6b1Tb 060-
)ΚeΗ. YMHaJl CHJIa ot.JH~aeTCJI Tpe3BeHHeM, KOTopoe eCTb HenpecTaHHoe ΒΗΗ-
MaHHe Κ CBOeMY ΥΜΥ Η ΡaCC}')Κ.ι:\eΗΗe nOMbICJIOB, T.e. OTpeBaHHe Mb1CJIeH: Η
t.JYBCTB, BCeBaeMb1X BparOM, Η B3pa~HBaHHe .ι:\ρyrΗΧ, ΠpHXO.ι:\JI~I1X ΟΤ Eora.
Ρa3.ι:\Ρa)ΚΗτeJIbΗj'IO CHJIY Bpat.JyeT JII060Bb. 11, HaKOHeQ, CHJIa )ΚeJIaΗΗJΙ Ot.JH1~a-
eTCJI Β03.ι:\eΡ)ΚaΗΗeΜ. ,QιrJl Ot.JH~eHHJI Η OCBJI~eHHJI BCeX ΗΧ CJIf)ΚHT MOJIHTBa.

8) l..JeΡΚΟ8Ηbιe TαUHCm8α UMOJlUmBα


XpHCTOC BCeJIJleTCJIΒ t.JeJIOBeι.recKoe cep.ι:\Qe ι.repe3 IJ;epKoBHb1e TaHHCTBa - CBJI-
TOe Kpe~eHHe, MHpOnOMa3aHHe, 11CΠΟΒe.ι:\b, Εο)ΚeCΤΒeΗΗj'IO EBXapHCTHIO. Te,
ΚΤΟ XpHCTOBb1, HOCJlT Β ce6e Eora Η ΗΜθΟΤ Β ceΡ.ι:\QaΧ CBOHX Ero ΕJIarΟ.ι:\aΤb,
6Y.ι:\yι.rH Kpe~eHb1 Η npHCTynaJl Κ ΗCΠΟΒe.ι:\Η Η CBJlTOMY ΠΡΗι.ra~eΗΗΙΟ.
Ο.ι:\Ηaκο CTpaCTH npHrJIyrπaIOT Εο)ΚeCΤΒeΗΗj'IO ΕJIarΟ.ι:\aΤb Β ceΡ.ι:\Qaχ, πο-
.ι:\06ΗΟ ΤΟΜΥ, KaK neneJI nOKpb1BaeT HCKpJl~HeCJI yrJIH. ~06ΡΟ.ι:\eJIaΗΗeΜ Η ΜΟ-
JIHTBOH: Oι.rH~aeTCJI ΟΤ ΗΗΧ ceΡ.ι:\Qe, Η BHOBb pa3)ΚHraIOTCJI HCKpb1 Εο)ΚeCΤΒeΗ-
ΗοΗ: ΕJIarΟ.ι:\aΤΗ, Η τοr.ι:\a XpHCTHaHHH JlCHO CJIb1ΠIHT XpHCTa Β CBOeM ceΡ.ι:\Qe, Β
QeHTpe CBOero C~eCTBa.
Ka~aJl QepKOBHaJl MOJIHTBa nOMOraeT Ot.JHCTHTb ceΡ.ι:\Qe. Ηο OC06eHHj'IO
nOMO~b Β 3ΤΟΜ Mb1 nOJIyι.raeM ΟΤ npaKTHKH TaK Ha3b1BaeMOH: KpaTKOH: MOJIHT-
Bb1, HJIH ''ΥΜΗοΗ: MOJIHTBb1", H3BeCTHOH: KaK "11HCYCOBa": rocnoou, Hucyce XpU-
cme, C'btHe BOJιcuu, nOMWΙYUMJt 2peUΙHα,O. 3τa MOJIHTBa, Η3 nOKOJIeHHJI Β
nOKOJIeHHe πeΡe.ι:\aιο~aJlCJΙ Ha CBJlTOH: rope, HMeeT CJIe.ι:\j'IO~ee npeHMy~e-
CTBO: 6Y.ι:\yι.rH KpaTKOH:, BCerO Ο.ι:\ΗΟ ΠΡe.ι:\JIο)ΚeΗΗe, OHa nOMOraer JIerKO CO-
cpe.ι:\οτοι.rΗΤb Ha ce6e BHHMaHHe YMa. Cοcpe.ι:\οτοι.reΗΗb1Η: Ha HeH: ΥΜ MbI πο-
rpf)ΚaeM Β cep,!:\Qe Η CJIe,[\HM 3a TeM, ι.rτ06M ΟΗ He paCCeHBaJICJI Ha .ι:\Ρyrne Bθ~ Η
Mb1CJIH- .ι:\06Ρb1e HJIH ΧΥ.ι:\b1e - a BeCb 6b1JI 3aHJlT EOrOM.

OIIpe,1\eJlJJΙOlI\aJJ Bne'leHIIJJ ,1\ΥιΙιIΙ, 11 pa3,1\paJΚI:ITeJlbHaJJ, OTBeτCTBeHHaJJ 3a IIpllBe,'\eHlle 3ΤIΙΧ Bne'leHIlIl Β IIC-


IIOnHeHlle. npaBl1nbHOe IIOHIIMaHlle ,1\eHCΤBIIJJBCeX 3ΤΙ1Χ clln 11 ΙΙΧ lIepapxlIlI Heo6xo,1\IIMO KaK Β nll'lHOH
aCKeτll'leCKOH IIpaΚTIIKe, raK 11Β IIaCΤbιpCKOH pa6oτe. ,CBJJTOOΤe'leCKaJJ IIcIIXOnOrIIJJ' (KaK yιιeHlle Ο npllpO,1\e
11CBOHCTBaX ,1\YΙIlII) 6bIna pa3BllTa ycllnllJJMII ΜΗΟΓΙΙΧ CBJJTbIXOTL\OB11YΙΙIITeJleH UepΚBII. CM. Hanp. HeMeCIIH
3MeCCKIIH ('ο npIIpO,1\e '1enOBeKa., npn. MaKCIIM I1CnOBe.ι1HIIK ,COTHIIL\bI Ο nΙ06BII», CB. ΗIΙΚΟ,1\!1Μ CBHTOrOpeL\
.HeBIli\IIMaJJ 6paHb', CBT. ΦeοφaΗ 3aTBOpHIIK 'Πyτb ΚΟ CIIaCeHI1ΙO' 11,1\ρ.

--20--
ΠΡaΚΤΗκa ΥΜΗοΗ MOJIHTBbI, KOTOp;ur CO BpeMeHeM, ΕωΚΗeΗ MHJIOCΤbIO,
Μωκeτ CΤaTb Η ceΡ.π;et·JΉοΗ, Η HenpeCΤaHHOH, eCΤb CaMa ΠΟ ce6e HaYKa Η3 Hayκ,
CBH~eHHOe χΥ.π;ωκeCΤΒΟ, πο.π;ρ06ΗΟ OnHCaHHOe OT~aMH l(epKBH Η C06paH-
HOe Β npOCTpaHHOH aHTOJIOrHH CBHTOOTetIeCΚHX TeKCTOB, Η3ΒeCΊΉΟΗ πο.π; Ha-
3BaHHeM ~06pOTOJII06HH.
3Ta MOJIHTBa yκpenJIHeτ Η pa.π;yeT CBOHX .π;eJIaτeJIeΗ. ΠΡeΥcπeΒaΙΟ~Ηe Β
HeH, eCJIH )ΚHByr COOTBeTCΤBeHHO CBHTbIM 3aΠΟΒe.π;ΗΜ XpHCTa Η l(epΚBH, Υ.π;ο-
CΤaHBaIOTCH OnbITa ΕωκeCΤΒeΗΗΟΗ ΕJIarο.π;aΤΗ. ΟΗΗ HatIHHaIOT BΚYIΠaTb CJΊa-
.π;ΟCΤb06~eHHH C EOrOM Η OnbITOM n03HaIOT, tITO 3HatIHT 'ΉΚΥCΗΤb Η ΥΒΗ.π;eΤb,
KaK 6JIar Γοcπο.π;b" (Πc. 33, 9).,ιιπΗ Hac npaBOCJIaBHbIX Eor He Η.π;eΗ,He HetITO Ο
tIeM MbI .π;ΥΜaeΜ, 6ece.π;ΥeΜ ΗJIΗ tIHTaeM. 3το flHtIHOCTb, Βχο.π;Η~aΗ C HaMH Β
)ΚΗΒοe 06~eHHe, 3ΤΟ Τοτ, KeM MbI )ΚHBeM Η Koro 3HaeM ΠΟ OnbIΤY.
Τοr.π;a MbI n03HaeM, KaKaH 3ΤΟ BeJIHKaH, ΗeπeΡe.π;aΒaeΜaΗ, HeBbIpa3HMa51
Ρa.π;ΟCTb - HOCHTb Β ce6e XpHCΤa, 6bITb npaBOCJIaBHbIMH.
I1.π;JIΗ ΜΗρΗΗ, nOrp~eHHbIX Β KpyroBepTb ΠΟΒce.π;ΗeΒΗbΙΧ 3a60T, orpOM-
ΗοΗ nOMO~bIO Moryr CTaTb ΧΟΤΗ 6bI HeCKOJIbKO MHHyr, nOCBH~eHHbIX Β ΠΙ-
IΠHHe 3T0l1 MOJIHTBe.
Ee3YCJIOBHO, BCHKOe .π;eJIΟ,COBepIΠaeMOe pa.π;H ΕΟΓa, BCe ΤΡΥ.π;bΙ Η 06H3aH-
HOCTH, BbInOJIHHeMble CO CMHpeHHeM Η JII060BbIO, OCBH~aIOT XpHCTHaHHHa.
Ηο MOJIHTbCH Ηe06χο.π;ΗΜΟ. Β 6e3MOJIBHOH KOMHaTe C ΤΗΧοΗ JIaMnaJJ;oH nepeJJ;
HKoHaMH, Υ.π;aJIΗΒΙΠΗCb - HaCKOJIbKO Β03ΜΟ)ΚΗ0 - ΟΤ Bcero OTBJIeKaIO~eΓO Η
.π;aΒ ce6e HeKOTOpbIH οτ.π;bΙΧ ΟΤ MbICJIeH, XpHCTHaHHH Μωκeτ COHTH ΥΜΟΜ Β
ceΡ.π;~e, ΠΟΒΤΟρΗΗ MOJIHTBY - Jocnoou, Hucyce Xpucme, Cbt1ie EOJιcuu, no-
.MWΙyα.MH zpelU1-tα20. KaKOH ΤΗΙΠΗΗοΗ Η CHJIOH HanOJIHHeTCH .π;Υιπa οτ MHpa
ΕΟ)ΚΗΗ! KaKOH tIΥ.π;ΗοΗ ΠΟΜeΡ)ΚΚΟΗ Ha BeCb .π;eΗb OKa3bIBaeTCH TaKaH MOJIHT-
Ba XpHcτHaHHHy, COXpaHHH ero Β rπy60KoM MHpe, BHe Ρa3.π;Ρa)ΚeΗΗΗ Η TpeBO-
rH. OHa ΠΡΗΒο.π;ΗΤ BCe CHJIbI .π;ΥωΗ Β rapMOHHIO Η e.π;ΗΗCΤΒΟ.
HeKOTOpble H~yT XOTb MaJIOrO ΠΟΚΟΗ .π;Υχa HCΚYCCTBeHHbIMH ΠΥτΗΜΗ, Ha
Πa)ΚHTHX ~bIX Η OnaCHbIX, Β ηκ Ha3bIBaeMbIX BOCΤOtIHbIX peJIHrHHX. BHe-
ΙΠΗΗΜΗ ynpa)ΚHeHHHMH, Μe.π;Ητa~ΗΗΜΗ Η npOtIHM πο.π;06ΗbΙΜ nbITaIOTCH ΟΗΗ
06peCΤH ΜΗρ, npHBeCΤH Β COrJIaCHe .π;ΥωΥ Η TeJIO. OIΠH6Ka Β ΤΟΜ, tITO ΠρΗ
3ΤΟΜ tIeπOBeK, nbITaHCb OTpeIΠHTbCH 0'1' ΜΗοrΟCJIΟ)ΚΗΟCΤΗ MbICJIeH Η BCerO
MaTepHaJIbHOrO, He Bcτyπaeτ, ΠΟ CyTH, Β .π;ΗaJIΟr C EOrOM, OrpaHHtIHBaHCb ΜΟ-
HOJIOΓOM, 6ece.π;οΗ C C060H. ΟΗ ΠρΗχο.π;ΗΤ Κ aHTpOnO~eHTpH3MY Η He .π;ΟCΤΗ-
raeT ycnexa .

.
- + ~
~~oVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoVoV.ν.voVoV"""+

ΟΠΙΙΙΤ OEOiΚ6HHH
@ΠbΙΤ06ωκeΗΗΗ ΠρΗΜΟ npOnOpI.\HOHaJIeH CTeneHH OqHIl(eHHH. HaCKOJIbKO
qenOBeK OqHIl(aeTCH ΟΤCTpaCTeH,HaCTOJIbKO60JIbWHH npHeMJIeT ΟΗ OnbIT
Boro06Il(eHHH, 3ρΗ Bora Β COOTBeTCTBHHC 06eTOBaHHeM: "BJιa:JICe1-t1-tbt
1tucmbte CepOl1e.M,u60 01-tUEoza Y3pRm" (Μφ. 5, 8).
Kor~a npHcryπaeT qe.ιιOBeKΚ ΠOκaHHHIO,HCnOB~H Η ΠJIaqy Ο rpexax, Tor~a
nOCeIl(aIOT ero nepBbIe OnbITbI BolΚeCTBeHHOHBJIarO~aTH. nOHaqa.ιry 3ΊΌ CJIe3bI
nOKaHHHH,KOTopbIe HanOJIHHIOT~ymy HeH3'bHCHHMOHp~OCTbIO Η rny60qaH-
ωΗΜ ΜΗρΟΜ BnOCJI~CTBHH. ΠΟ3ΤΟΜ)' TaKOH ΠJIaq Ha3bIBaeTCH"Ρί1ΆΟCTΟΤΒΟΡ-
HbIM" - KaK Η rOCnO~b rOBopHT Β 6JIaικeHCTBax: "BJιa:JICe1-t1-tbt
wιa1tΥuιμe, u60
01-tUymewamCR" (Μφ. 5, 4).
3aTeM BOCXO~HTqenOBeK Ha 60JIee BbICOKHe cryπeHH, TaΚHe KaK 601Κe-
CTBeHHoe npOCBeIl(eHHe, 03apHHCb KOTOpbIM, ΥΜ B~HT BeIl(H, ΜΗρ Η JIIO~eH
yικe Β COBceM~pyrOM CBeTe.
ΟΤ 3ΤΟΓΟ YMHolΚaeTCHJII060Bb xpHCTHaHHHa Κ Bory, Η ΠρΗΧΟΆΗΤ ~pyrHe
CJIe3bI,BbICWHe nepBbIX, CJIe3bIΟΤ JII06BH Κ Bory, CJIe3bI 60IΚeCTBeHHoro 3ρΟ-
ca. 3Τ0 yικe He ΠJIaq Ο rpexax: nOCKOJIbΚYΟΗ 3HaeT, qTO Bor Bce npOCTHJI. 3ΤΗ
CJIe3bI,npHHOCHIl(He BenHqaHWee 6JIaικeHCTBO,CqaCTbe Η ΜΗρ ~ywe, eCTbTolΚe
nepelΚHBaHHe 0601ΚeHHH.
,l(a.ιιee BOCXO~HTqenOBeK Κ 6ecCTpaCTHIO, 1ΚΗ3ΗΗ,HenO~Bep)J(eHHOH Ha-
CHJIHIOCTpaCTeH Η rpeXOBHbIX CJIa60CTeH. ΟΗ MHpeH Η HeKOJIe6JIeM HHKaΚH-
ΜΗ BHeWHHMH OCKop6JIeHHHMH, cB060~eH ΟΤ rop~OCTH, HeHaBHCTH, Β03ΗΟ-
weHHH Η ΠJIOTCΚHXnolΚenaHHH.
3'1'0 BTOpaH CTeneHb 0601ΚeHHH, Ha3bIBaeMaH "C03epI.\aHHeM".
YlΚe OqHIl(eHHbIH ΟΤ CTpaCTeH, qeJIOBeK npOCBeIl(aeTCH ,l(YXOM CBHTbIM,
OCHHBaeTCHΗ 0601ΚaeTCH. CBHTbIeOτI.\bI 0603HaqaIOT 3ΤΥ CTeneHb rpeqeCΚHM
CJIOBOM,npOH3BO~HbIM ΟΤ ''B~eTb''. C03epI.\aTb Bora 3HaqHT BH,QeTb Bora.
qT06bI B~eTb Bora HyJΚHOcaMOMY 6bITb 0601ΚeHbIM. Π03ΤΟΜΥ C03epI.\aHHe
Bora Η eCTb 0601ΚeHHe.
Kor~a nOHCTHHe Η nOJIHOCTbIO OqHCTHTCH qeJIOBeK Η npHHeceT Bcero
ce6H Bory, Tor~a npHeMJIeT ΟΗ BeJIJ1qaHWHH (~JIH qeJIOBeKa) OnbIT BolΚe-
CTBeHHOH BJIarO~aTH. COrJIaCHO CBHTbIM OTI.\aM, 3ΤΟ eCTb OnbIT HeTBap-
ΗΟΓΟ BoIΚeCTBeHHoro CBeTa. ΟΗ no~aeτCH yικe H3pH~HO npeycneBwHM ΒΟ
6JIarO~aTH, BeCbMa HeMHorHM Ha KalΚ,l\Oe nOKOJIeHHe. CBHTbIe ΒωΚΗΗ 3ρΗΤ
ero Η 3pHMbI 6bIBaIOT Β HeM, KaK Η H306paIΚaIOTCH ΟΗΗ Ha CBHTbIX HKOHax,
oKpyικeHHbIe HHM6aMH.
HanpHMep, Η3 ΙΚΗΤΗΗ CBHTOro BaCHJlHH BeJIHKOrO MbI 3HaeM, ΙΙΤΟ Kor~a
ΟΗ MOJIHJICHΒ CBoeH KeJIJIHH,~pyrHe (Te, KOHeqHO, KOTopbIe MOrJIH) BH~eJIH

--22 --
ero Η CaMY KeJIJIHIOHanOJIHeHHbIMH 3ΤΗΜ HeTBapHbIM CBeTOM ΒωΚΗΗΜ, CBe-
ΤΟΜ ΒωκecrΒeΗΗοΗ BJIarO~aTH. )l(HTlliI ΜΗΟΓΗΧ rpetJeCΚHX HOBoMyqeHHKoB
CB~eTeJIbcrByIOT, tJTO KOr~a τΥρΚΗ BbIBemHBaJIH (nOCJIe yiΚacalO~HX nbITOK)
ΗΧ TeJIa Ha ropo~cΚHX ΠJIO~ίWiX WIH YCTpameHlliI xpHCTHaH, He pa3 cpe~H
HOtJHΗΧ HBCTBeHHOOKPyiΚaJICHHIO~HH CBeT.ΟΗ 6bill ΊαΚ 3aMeTeH Η ΗρΟΙ<,tJTO
MyqHTeJIH caMH npHκa3bIBaJIH CKopee CHHTb TeJIa, tJTo6bI ΟΗΗ He CJIyiΚHJIH
nO~TBepJΚ,ZJ;eHHeM
XpHCTOBOH BepbI. ΟΗΗ He XOTeJIH 6bITb nOCpaMJIeHHbIMH Β
rJIa3aX xpHCTHaH, KOTopble TaK HCHO BH~eJIH, tJTO Bor npOCJIaBJIHeT CBHTbIX
CBOHX.
BJIarO~aTb 06ωκeΗΗΗ COXpaHHeTHeTJIeHHbIMHTeJIa CBHTbIX,CBHTbleMO~H,
ηκ tJTO ΟΗΗ HCTOtJalOTΜΗρΟ Η ΤΒΟρΗΤ qy~eca. CBHTOH ΓρΗΓΟρΗΗ naJIaMa
06'bHCHHeτ, ΙΙΤΟ cnepBa coe~HHHCb C ~ymaMH ΠO~BH)κHHKOB, ΒωκeCΤΒeΗΗaΗ
\.

BJIaro~aTb 3aTeM 06HTaeT Taιoκe Η Β ΗΧ TeJIaX, OCBH~aH ΗΧ. 11 He TOJIbKOΗΧ,


ΗΟ Η ΗΧ MOrHJIbI, ΗΧ HKOHbI Η XpaMbI. Βοτ nOtJeMY MbI B03~aeM nOtJTeHHe
HKOHaM, Mo~aM, MorHJIaM Η xpaMaM CBHTbIX:ΟΗΗ OTtJaCTHHecyτ Β ce6e τΥ
BJIarO~aTb, ΚΟΤΟΡΥΙΟCTH)ΚaJICBHTOH6JIarO~apH coe~HHeHHIO CBoeMY C BorOM,
6JIarO~apH 06ωκeΗΗIΟ.
Β QepKBH He TOJIbKO~yωH, ΗΟ Η TeJIa HamH, 06HJIbHO yqaCTByIOT Β BJIaro-
~aTH 06ωκeΗlliI. YtJaCTBYHΒ nO~BHre BMeCTe C ~yωOH, TeJIO, KOHetJHO )Κe, Η
npOCJIaBJIHCΤCHC HeH, KaK xpaM CBHToro ,l{yxa, )κΗΒ~erο Β HeM.
3Ta BJIaro~aTb, HCXO~H~aH ΟΤ focno~a Hamero, Bora Η qeJIOBeKa XpHCTa,
Η3JIΗΒacτσι Ha npetJHCTytO BOΓopO~Hr.ιY, Ha CBHTbIXΗ Ha Hac CMHpeHHbIX.
KOHetJHO, Η ~OJI)ΚeHOTMeTHTb,tJTOOTHIO~b He Bce, tJTOHCnbITbIBalOT ΧρΗ-
CTHaHe, Μο)Κeτ pacr.ιeHHBaTbCH KaK nO~HHHbIH OnbIT 060)ΚeΗΗΗ Η Bo06~e
KaK HetJTO ~YXOBHoe. MHorHe 06MaHYJIHCb nepe)Κl1BaHHHMH ~eMOHHtJecΚH-
ΜΗ, ΗΙΙΗ npOCTO ~ymeBHbIMH. Βο Η36e)ΚaΗΗe KaK caMo06MaHa, TaK Η ~eMOHC-
ΚΟΓΟ B03~eHCTBHH, He06xo~HMO Bce CO CMHpeHHeM OTKpbIBaTb ~YXOBHOMY
Οτ/Υ, KOToporo Bor npOCBeTHT nOHHTb, ΠO~HHHO ΙΙΗ ΤΟ, ΙΙΤΟ eMY OTKpbIBaIOT,
ΗΙΙΗ HeT, tJT06bI ΟΗ ~aJI COOTBeTCTByIO~ee HaCTaBJIeHHe HcnOBe~alO~eMYCH.
Bo06~e rOBopH, nOCJIymaHHe ~YXOBHOMYOTr.ιy - OtJeHb c~eCTBeHHaH CTO-
pOHa ~YXOBHOH )ΚΗ3ΗΗ, 6JIarO~apH κοτοροΗ MbI npH06peTaeM r.ιepKOBHbIH
~yx yqeHHtJeCTBa ΒΟXpHCTe, Η KOTOpaH~eJIaeT 3aKOHHbIM13 Hame ΠO~BH)ΚHH-
tJeCTBO,npH3BaHHoe B03BeCTH Hac Β e~HHeHHe C EorOM.
Oco60e MeCTO Β QepKBH Β HBJIeHHHTaHHbI 060)ΚeΗΗΗ Bcer~a npHHa~JIe-
)ΚaJIΟMOHameCTByIO~HM, KOTopbIe, nOCBHTHB3ΤΟΜΥ BCIOCBOIO)Κl13Hb, CB~e-
TeJIbCTByIOTΟ B03BblmeHHOM onbITe e~HHeHHH C BorOM.
Bocxo~H Κ 060)ΚeΗΗIΟ, Κ OCBH~eHHIO, MOHaXH TeM caMbIM CJIyiΚaT BceH

13 Cp.: .EcnH)I(e ΚΤΟ Η nOJ\BH3aeτCJl, He yιιeH'IHBaeτCJl, ecnH He3aKOHHO 6YJ\eτ nOJ\BH3aTbCJI' (2 ΤΗΜ. 2, 5).

-- 23--
IJ;epKBH.1160 MbI BepHM, COrJIaCHO CO CBHTbIM npe/.laHHeM IJ;epKBI1 ΒΟ BCe Bpe-
MeHa, {-!Το ΗΧ 60peHHH Η nO/.lBHrH nO,lJΆeplΚHBalOT κa)Κ,ί\οrο Xpl1CTHaHHHa Β
ero /.ΙΥΧΟΒΗοΗ 6paHH nOcpe/.lH MHpa. OTCIO/.la TaKOe nO'-:lTeHHe Κ MOHaIlleCTBY
Β npaBOCJIaBHOH cpe/.le.
11 HaKOHeI.\, Β IJ;epKBH MbI yιIaCTByeM Β 06Il\eHHH CBHTbIX, Y3HaeM pa/.lOCTb
e/.\VIHCTBa ΒΟ XpHcTe. Το eCTb MbI nepecTaeM 6bITb OT/.IeJIbHbIMI1 Ee qJIeHaMH, a
CTaHOBHMCH e/.lHHbIM QeJIbIM, A<HBbIM OpraHH3MOM Β 6paTCKOM e,ZJ;HHeHHH He
TOJIbKO /.Ipyr C /.IpyrOM, ΗΟ Η CO BCeMH CBHTbIMI1 οωΚΗΗΜΗ - KaK )ΚΗΒYIl\ΗΜΗ
HbIHe Ha 3eMJIe, ΏΚ Η f)Κe OTIlle!-lIllHMH.,Lφκe COCMepTbIO He paCnMaeτOI 3Τ0 e/.lHHe-
HHe. CMepTb He Μο)Κeτ pa3JIyqHTb XpHCTHaH, ΠΟΤΟΜΥ qTO ΗΧ ep;HHCTBO - Β
BOCKpeCIlleM TeJIe XPHCTOBOM.
Πο::ηΌΜΥ Ka)Κ,ί\Oe BOCKpeCeHHe Η BCHKHH pa3, KOr/.la COBepIllaeTCH Dο)Κe-
CTBeHHaH JIH'ΓYprHH, MbI BCe yqaCTByeM Β HeH BMeCTe C aHreJIaMH Η CBHTbIMH
BCeX BpeMeH. YqaCTByJOT Η HaIIIH YCOnIIIHe 6JIΗ)ΚΗΗe, eCJIH KOHeqHO, ΟΗΗ HMe-
101' qaCTb ΒΟ XpHCτe. Bce MbI TaM, Η TaHHCTBeHHO 06Il\aeMCH /.Ipyr C ,ZJ;pyrOM - He
BHeIIIHe, a ΒΟ XpHcTe.
31'0 OqeBH/.IHO ΠρΗ coBepIlleHHH npOCKOMH/.II1H, KOr/.la Ha (ΒΗΤΟΜ /.IHCKO-
ce BOKpyr ArHQa-XpHcTa nOJIaralOTCH qaCTHQbI 3a npeqHCTyJO EoroMaTepb,
3a CBHTbIX, 3a )ΚΗΒbΙΧ Η YCOnIIIHX. Πο OCBHIl\eHHH CBHTbIX .D:apoB, BCe 3ΤΗ qaC-
THQbI nOrpf)ΚalOTCH BMeCTe Β KpOBb XpHCTOBY.
31'0 BeJIHKOe 6JIarOCJIOBeHHe IJ;epΚBH, qTO MbI npe/.lCTaBJIHeM co601O Ee
qJIeHbI Η Μο)ΚeΜ C006Il\aTbCH Β HeH He TOJIbKO C EOrOM, ΗΟ Η /.Ipyr C /.IpyrOM
KaK qJIeHbI (ΒΗΤΟΙΌ XpHCTOBa TeJIa.
rJIaBa ero - CaM XpHCTOC. )ΚΗ3Ηb HHCXO/.lHT 01' rJIaBbI Ha BCe TeJIo. ECTe-
CTBeHHO, TeJIO COCTOHT Η3 IΚHBbIX qJIeHOB, ΗΟ He BCe ΟΗΗ O/.lHHaKOBO npeHC-
nOJIHeHbI 1ΚH3HblO, O/.lHHaKOBO 3/.10pOBbI. DOJIbIIIHHCTBO Η3 HaC He OTJIHqaeτCH
COBepIlleHHbIM P;YXOBHbIM 3/.10pOBbeM. 'feM He MeHee, 1ΚH3Hb, a TOqHee npeqHC-
TaH KpOBb, npOHCTeKaH 01' CaMOrO XpHCTa qepe3 IΚHBbIe Ero qJIeHbI Κ MeHee
3/.10POBbIM, MaJIO-nOMaJIy OIΚHBJIHeτ Η HCQeJIHeT Η CaMbIX nOCJIe/.lHHX. Βοτ nOqe-
ΜΥ MbI /.IOJI)ΚHbI 6bITb Β IJ;epKBH! QT06bI npHHHTb 3/.10pOBbe Η 1ΚH3Hb, nOCΚOJIbΚY
Β OτpbIBe 01' IJ;epΚBH Heτ HHKaKOH Β03ΜΟ)ΚΗΟCTΗ 03/.10pOBJIeHHH Η OΛ<HBJIeHHH.
KOHeqHO, BCe cpa3Y He npHXO/.lHT. BclO )κΗ3Ηb, Illar 3a IllarOM, C'ΓYneHb 3a
cτyπeHblO, Be/.leT npaBOCJIaBHbIH XpHCTHaHHH 60pb6y 3a CΤΗ)ΚaΗΗe Β IJ;epΚBH
6JIarO/.laTH DOlΚHeH - CMHpeHHeM, nOKaHHHeM, MOJIHTBOH, CBHTbIMH ΊaHHa-
ΜΗ, BOCXO/.lH Κ OCBHIl\eHHIO Η 060)ΚeΗΗIΟ.
Η pa3Be He Β ΤΟΜ HaIlle BeJIHKOe npl13BaHHe Η QeJIb 3τοΗ 1ΚΗ3ΗΗ, qT06bI
BOCXO/.lHTb? He TaK f)Κ Η Ba)ΚHO, /.10 KaKOH MepbI MbI nO/.lHHMeMCH 3.l\eCb. Βί!)Κ-
ΗΟ H.l\TH Bnepe/.l - Β 60peHHI1, κσrΟΡοe BCer/.la Β npel136bITKe Ηarρa)Κ,ί\aeTCΗ
DorOM: 3/.1eCb 11 Β 6Y/.IYIl\eM BeKe.

--24 --
llO'l6MY ΜΗΟΓΗ6 Η6 ΑΟΟΤΗΓι\IΟΤ OEOiΚ6HH8?
~OTH MbI Μ npM3BaHbI CTpeMMTbCH Κ OCYIQeCTBJIeHMIO 3ΤΟΓΟ BeJIHKOfO 3a-
,l\aHMJI: 06peCTM e,l\MHeHMe C ΕΟΓΟΜ, CTaTb 60raMM πο EJIarO,l\aTM, BOC-
npMHJITb ΤΟ HeM3pet.J:eHHOe 6JIarOCJIOBeHMe, ,l\JIJI ΚΟΤΟρΟΓΟ TBOpe~ HaIII
C03,l\aJI HaC - t.J:aCTOMbI )ΚΜΒCΜ TaK, KaK 6Y,l\TO 3ΤΟι1 BbICOt.J:aHIIIeH ~eJIM He
CYIQeCTByeT. 11 TOf,l\a ΜΟ)ΚΗΟ CKa3aTb, t.J:TOHaIIIa )ΚΜ3Ηb He COCTOJIJIaCb.
CBJITOH ΕΟΓ C03,l\aJI HaC ,l\JIJI 060)ΚeΗΜJI. 11 eCJIM MbI 3aTanTbIBaeM 3ΤΟ,
MbI 3aTanTbIBaeM BCIO HaIIIY )κΜ3Ηb.
Α nOt.J:eMY MbI TaK ,l\eJIaeM?
Βοτ HeKoTopbIe Μ3 npHt.J:MH:

α) npeiJaH1-tOCmb 3e,M,1-tbl.Mnonette1-tufl.M
Υ Hac Μο)Κeτ 6bITb ΜΗο)ΚeCΤΒΟ Ot.J:eHb nOJIe3HbIX Μ nOHCTMHe Heo6xo-
,l\HMbIX ,l\eJI - yqc6a, ΠΡοφeCCΜJI, CeMbJI, φΗΗaΗCOΒbιe XJIOnOTbI, 6JIaroTBo-
pMTeJIbHOCTb. ECJIM ΒΟ BCCM 3ΤΟΜ MbI BOCnpHHHMaeM Μ MCnOJIb3yeM ΜΗρ
eBXapMCTMt.J:eCKM, KaK ,l\ap ΕΟ)ΚΜι1, ΤΟ BCC COe,l\HHJIeT HaC C ΕΟΓΟΜ Μ CTaHO-
BMΤCJI cTyneHbIO Κ HeMY. Α eCJIM He TaK, ΤΟ BCC HanpaCHO. Bcc BnyCTyIO,
eCJIH MbI He H,l\CM Κ e,l\MHeHMIO C ΕΟΓΟΜ.
06bIt.J:HO JIIO,l\M 06MaHbIBaIOTCJI 3ΤΗΜΜ BTOpOCΤeneHHbIMM )ΚΜ3ΗeΗΗbΙΜΜ
3a,l\at.J:aMH. 060)ΚeΗΗe He paCCMaTpMBaeΤCJI KaK fJIaBHaJI Η nepBOOt.J:epe,l\HaJI
3a,l\at.J:a. BpeMeHHbIe ~eJIM nOfJIOIQaIOT nOJIHOCTbIO. I1Μ OT,l\aCTCJI Cep,l\~e Η
3a6bIBaeT Ο Bet.J:HOM, "eiJU1-tOJfCe eCmb Ηα nompe6y" (Πκ. 1Ο, 42).
Β HaIIIe BpeMJI oco6eHHo, JIIO,l\M BCer,l\a HenoMepHo 3aHJITbI, HenpecTaHHo
cneIIIaT (MωKeτ 6bITb, 3ΤΜΜ 3aMbICJIMJI ,l\bJIBOJI npeJlbCmUmb U U36pα1-t1-tbtX?), Μ
οτ 3ΤΟΓΟ 3a6bIBaIOT Ο CBOCM CnaCeHHM. HanpMMep, CerO,l\HJI HaM ΗμΗΟ n03a-
HHMaTbCJI, nOt.J:MTaTb, ΠΟ3ΤΟΜΥ Heτ BpeMeHM Ha MOJIHTBY, HeT BpeMeHM CXO-
,l\MTb Β XpaM, HeT BpeMeHH Ha MCnOBe,l\b Μ CBJITOe npHt.J:aCΤMe! 3aBTpa 6Y,l\YΤ
BCTpet.J:M Μ COBeIQaHMJI, MaCCa 06IQeCTBeHHbIX Η JIHt.J:HbIX 06JI3aHHOCΤeH - Η
npOCTO ΗeΒΟ3ΜΟ)ΚΗΟ HaHTH BpeMJI Ha Eora! nOCJIe3aBTpa Ha,l\O 6y,l\eτ ποι1ΤΗ
Ha CBa,l\b6y, ,l\a Μ ,l\OMaIIIHMX XJIOnOT HeMaJIO - TaK t.J:TO,l\YXOBHbIM 3aHH-
MaTbCJI MbI npOCTO He Β COCTOJIHMM. MbI BCC BpeMJI nOBTOpJIeM ΕΟΓΥ: "J! ... 1-te
,Μ,ΟΖΥ npuOmu ... npOUlY Te6Jl, U3BU1-tU ,M,e1-tJl"14 (Πκ. 14, 19-20).
Α t.J:epe3 3ΤΟ Μ BCe npeKpaCHOe Μ 3aKOHHOe TepJIeT CBoH CMbICJI. Bce nepe-
t.J:MCJIeHHOe HMeeT peaJIbHYIO, CyIQeCTBeHHYIO ~eHHOCTb, KOf,l\a COBepIIIaeTCJI C
ΕΟ)ΚΗeι1 EJIarO,l\aTbIO. KOf,l\a ,l\eJIaeTCJI ΒΟ CJIaBY ΕΟ)ΚΗΙΟ. Bce 3ΤΟ HMeeτ HaCTO-
5!IQYIO, HenO,1JJl;eJIbHyro ~eHHOCΤb, KOf,l\a MbI He nepeCTaeM )ΚeJIaΤb Μ JII06MTb

Η CπaBHHCKHH nepeBOII TO'lHee nepellaer CMbICJI:•...M0JI1O TJ/: UAteU .MJ/ Orιιpe'leHα ••

--25 --
ΤΟ, qTO CTOHT3a BCeMHHaWHMH 3aHHTHHMH,yqe60H HJIH pa60ToH, CeMeHHbI-
ΜΗ HJIH JII06bIMH "POqHMH ~06pbIMH Η CBH~eHHbIMH 06H3aHHOCTHMH Η ~eJIa-
ΜΗ. Bce ΟΗΗ HanOJIHHIOTCHnOMHHHbIM CMbICJIOMTOJIbKOKOr~a MbI He npe-
Kpa~aeM Β ΗΗΧ CTpeMHTbCHΚ 06ωκeΗΗIΟ. Tor~a Η ΟΗΗ πpH06peτalOT BeqHOe
Η HenpeXO~~ee 3HaqeHHe, Η MbI qepe3 ΗΗΧ npeycneBaeM.
rOCnO~b HaW CKa3aJI: "HU/ιume:JICe
npe:JICoe LJαpcm8α EO:JICUJιU npα80bl
ΕΖΟ, U amo 8Ce npWΙO:JICUmCJl8αM" (Μφ. 6, 33). QapcTBo ΕωΚΗe - 0601Κe-
HHe, cnllΚaHHe 6JIarO~aTH BceCBHToro ,lJ;yxa. Kor~a EolΚeCTBeHHaH EJIaro-
~aTb BOH~eτ Β qeJIOBeKa Η BOQapHTCH Β HeM, ΟΗ BO~HTCHEOrOM. qepe3 TeX,
ΚΤΟ 3ΤΟ CTHlΚaJI,EOlΚeCTBeHHaH EJIarO~aTb BXO~HT Β 1ΚH3Hb~pyrHx JIIO~eH,
Η BCe HMelOT 06~eHHe Β QapCTBHH EOIΚHeM.
Πο yqeHHIO CBHTbIX OTQOB, ~a πpHH~eτ QapCTBHe TBOe Β MOJIHTBe fOC-
nO~HeH 03Haqaeτ "~a πpHH~eτ EJIaro~aTb CBHTOrO ,lJ;yxa". Α Κ ΚΟΜΥ Ero
EJIarO~aTb ΠpHXO~HT, TOrO OHa 0601ΚaeT.

6) MopαιιU3.M
Κ COlΚaJIeHHIO, yικe ynOMHHyrbIH ~yx MOpaJIH3Ma, ΤΟ eCTb CBe~eHHe
XpHCTHaHCKOH1ΚΗ3ΗΗΚ HpaBCTBeHHOMYCOBepWeHCTBOBaHHIO,ΒΟ MHOrOM na-
ry6Ho nOBJIHHJI Ha 6JIarOqeCTHe Η ~YXOBHOCTb XpHCTHaH Η Β fpeQHH15•
qacTo CTpeMJIeHHe Κ 06ωκeΗΗΙΟ npeCeKaeTCH ΠO~ BJIHHHHeM 3aπa~HOrO
60rOCJIOBHH.
Α B~b yqeHHe Ο HpaBCTBeHHoM coBepweHCTBoBaHHH - 3ΤΟ npHHHTHe qe-
JIOBeKa3a QeHTp MHp03~aHHH. Β HeM qeJIOBeqeCKOeYCHJIHenpe06JI~aeτ H~
EolΚecTBeHHoH EJIarO~aTblO, κaK 6Y~TO 6bI He oHa, a HaWH MOpaJIbHbIe ΠρΗΗ-
QHnbI cnacalOT Hac. 11 Π03ΤΟΜΥ, npe6bIBaH Β TaKOM YCTpOeHHH, MbI 6bIBaeM
JIHWeHbI nO~JIHHHOrO Eoro06~eHHH, Η yreweHHe ~yωH 6bIBaeτ He HCTHHHO,
Η~ ee He yro.ιmcrσr. Taκoe HaπpaB1IeHHe(Η COOTBeTC'ΠJyIO~ee
eMYOKOpMJIeHHe),
6Y,ιwιIH HCnbITaHO Η ~OKa3aB CBOeHeCOOTBeτCTBHeΠΟΜΗΗΗΟΜΥ ΆΥΧΥ XpHC-
ΤΟΒοΗ QepΚBH, ΒΟ MHOrOM HeCeτ ΒΗΗΥ 3a 6e3601ΚHe Η 6e3pa3JIHqHe Κ ~YXOB-
ΗοΗ 1ΚΗ3ΗΗMHOrHX HaWHX COBpeMeHHHKOB,Η Β OC06eHHOCTH, MOJIO~elΚH.
MbI - pO~HTeJIH, npenO~aBaTeJIH, ,ιφcOBeHCTBOΗ BCenp~craBHTeJIH QepK-
ΒΗ, Β BOCKpeCHbIXWKOJIaX, ΠpOΠOB~X Η r~e 6bI ΤΟ ΗΗ 6bIJIO - MbI ~OJIlΚHbI
6bl, BMeCTO6eCDJIO~HbIX pa3rOBOpOB Ο "XpHCTHaHCKOH HpaBCTBeHHOCTH", ΡΥ-
KOBO~HTb HaWHX q~ Κ 06ωκeΗΗIΟ, Β COOTBeτCTBHHC nO~JIHHHbIM ~YXOM Η
ODbITOM HaWeH QepΚBH. Β KOHQe KOHQOB,Bce ~06pO~eτeJIH, KaK 6bI BeJIHKH
ΟΗΗ ΗΗ 6bIJIH, He πp~cτaB1IHIOT C060H QeJIHHaweH, xpHCTHaHcKoH, IΚΗ3ΗΗ, a

Ι, Asτop, CCTeCTBCHHO, rOBopHT Ο CBOCιI cτpaHc. Β ΗΙ: MCHbWCιI CTenCHH 3ΤΟ MO)I(HO OTHCCΤH Η Κ POC-
CHH, rJlc, Κ npHMcpY, CBIITHTCJ1II ΦΗnaΡcτa MOCKOBCKOrO 06BHHllnH Β npHBCpJΚCHHOCTH Κ .MHCTHL\H3MY'
3a cro HHTCpCC Κ CBIITOOTC,ICCKOMY 6orocnoBHιo.

--26--
cy:ιΊ> JIHlIIb CpC,!\crBa Η CnOC06bI, npHrOTOBJIHIOIQHC HaC Κ ΠρΗΗΗΤΗΙΟ 06ωκC-
ΗΗΗ, Κ CTH)I(aHHIO - CJIOBaMH npCnO,!\06HOrO CepaφΗΜa CapOBCKOrO - EJIa-
ro,!\arn CBHTOrO ,Ayxa.

6) ΑΗmΡοnοιφΗmΡU1.lΗblUΙ6 ZY.MαHU3M
ΑΒΊΌΗΟΜΗocrh I)'MaHH3Ma, κaK COQHaJIbHOro Η φHJIOCΟφcΚΟro HanpaBJIC-
ΗΗΗ, OτpC3aHHOrO Η HC3aBHCHMOrO ΟΤ Eora, φΟΡΜΗΡΥCΤ QHBHJIH3aQHIO,
CΠJIOlIIb nOcτpOCHHyro Ha 3rOH3MC, Η 3ΤΟ CfaHOBHTCH CCpbe3HOH npCrpa,!\OH
,l\JIJI COBpCMCHHOrO tJCJIOBCKa. Bce HaQCJICHO Ha ΤΟ, tJT06bI c,!\CJIaTb HaC tJyικ-
,!\bIMH npaBOCJIaBHOH BCpC, ΒΟ ΗΜΗ KaK 6bI CBo60,!\bI Η tJCJIOBCtJCCKOrO ,!\ocro-
HHcrBa. Ηο Ccrb JIH ,!\OcrOHHCTBO ΜΗ tJCJIOBCKa 60JIblIICC, tJCM 06ωΚCΗΗC?

~YXOBHOC OKOpMJICHHC, KOTOpOC npCnO,!\aeT Β CBOCM 60rOCJIYΙΚCHHH, CBH-


TOOTCqCCKOM 60rOCJIOBHH Η MOHalIICCKOH Tpa,!\HQHH npaBOCJIaBHaH U:CP-
KOBb, CCTb PYΚOBO,!\CfBOΚ o6o)l(CHHIO, Η ΟΗΟ pelIIlfI'CJIbHO nOCfaBJIHCΤ Β QCHTp
)ι(Η3ΗΗ XpHCfa, BOΠJIOIQeHHoro Eora, EorOqCJIOBCκa, a HC npocro qCJIOBCKa.
BCJIHKaH pa,!\ocrb ΒΧΟ,!\ΗΤ Β HaIIIy )l(H3Hb ΠρΗ OC03HaHHH BbICOTbI HalIICrO
npH3BaHHH, ΠρΗ OCMbICJICHHH, KaKOC 6JI~CHcrBO HaC O)l(H,!\aCΤ.
TaKoc OKOpMJICHHC YCJIa)Κ,l\aCΤ rOpC% BCHKOH )l(HTCHCKOH nCqaJIH Η 60JIb
crpa,l\aHHH Ha,l\C)Κ,l\OH 060)l(CHHH.
Kor,!\a Ha,!\C)Κ,l\a 060)l(CHHH BC,!\CΤ HaC ΠΟ )Ι(Η3ΗΗ, a πο,!\06ΗΟ Η ,!\pyr ,!\pyra
MbI ΒΗ,!\ΗΜ KaK npH3BaHHbIX craTb 60raMH, TOr,!\a MbI COBCCM nO-,!\pyrOMY ΟΤ-
HOCHMCH Κ CBOHM 6JIH)l(HHM. HaCKOJIbKO 60JICC rJIY60KOC Η CCpbe3HOC οκορ-
MJICHHC MbI CMO)l(CM TOr,!\a ,!\aTb HalIIHM qa,l\aM! ΚaKO" ΕΟΓΟΠρΗΗΤΗοΗ JII060BbIO

16 Τ. e. OpHeHTIipOBaHHblH Ha 'IeιιOBeκa (anthropos - Zpeιι. 'IeιιOBeK), KaK Mepl!JtO Bcero, BHe ero CBJl3H C
EOroM, BHe 6OJKecroeHHbJX 3anOBe,l\eH, 'IeιιOBeκa, yroep)f(,ltalOlI\erO cooe nOBpe)f(,lteHoe na,!\eHHeM COCΓOJlHHe.
3το αΟΒΟ 06bl'lHO npo1ΉBOnocra8JIJleTCJI nOHJITl!IO Theanlhropocentric (I'heanthropos - EorO'leιιOBeK),
03Ha'lalOlI\eMY COOTHeCeHHe BCerO CO XpHcrOM Η Ero 3anOBe,l\JlMH, ,!\aHHbIMH ,!\JIJIB03Be,!\eHHJI 'IenOBeKa
Β ero nO,!\JIHHHOe ,!\OcrOHHCTBO: e,!\HHeHHe C EOrOM.

---27---
Η ΥΒ:υκeΗΗeΜ HCnOJIHHTCJIpO~HTeJIH Κ CBOHM~eτHM, eCJIHΟΗΗ OC03HaIOT CBH-
τΥΙΟ CBOIO06H3aHHOCΤb Η npH3BaHHe ΠOMOιιb ΗΜ ~OCΤHιιb 06ωΚCΗΗΗ - ΤΟΓΟ,
ΡΜΗ qero ΟΗΗ, ΕωΚΗeΗ MHJIOCΤbIO,Η pO~HJIHCbHa CBeτ! 11 KaK CMOrγr ΠOMOιιb
Β 3ΤΟΜ CBOHM~eτHM pO~HTeJIH, nOKa CaMH ΟΗΗ He BCΤaJIHHa πyrb 06ωκeΗΗΗ?
Ηο Η CKOJIbKOnO~JIHHHOrO qeJIOBeqeCKOrO~OCΤOHHCΤBa,6e3 3rοι.ιeΗΤΡΗ3Μa Η
rOp~OCTH 6e360)lα/H, nOHBHTCHΥ HaC ΠΟ OC03HaHHH, ΙΙΤΟ MbI COTBOpeHbI pa~H
TaKOH Y~HBHTeJIbHOHQeJIH.
CBHTbIe OTQbI Η YΙΙHTeJIH ~epΚBH 60rOCJIOBCTBYIOT,ιιτο TaK, npeO~OJIe-
BaH06bI~eHHYIO aHTpOnOQeHTpl1qHOCTb na~llIerO qeJIOBeqeCKOrO C03HaHHH,
MbI nO~JIl1HHO CΤaHOBHMCHJIHqHOCΤHMH,~eJIaeMCHC06CΤBeHHO "leJIOBeKaMH.
C nOqTeHHeM Η JII060BbIO BCτpeqaeM MbI Eora. C rJIy60qaHllIHM YBa)!(eHHeM
B03~aeM MbI Ka~OMY ero HCΤHHHOe ~OCΤOl1HCΤBO- KaK HMeIO~eMY HaCJIe-
~OBaTb 060)!(eHHe, B3HpaH Ha HerO KaK Ha 06pa3 ΕΟΙΚl1Η, a He KaK Ha npe~MeT,
KOTOpbIH ΜΟΙΚΗΟl1CnOJIb30BaTb.
nOKa MbI He BbIH~eM Η3 3rOQeHTpHqHOH OrpaHl1qeHHOCTI1 CBOerO 'Ή",
MbI JIHllIb HH~HBH~YYMbI - He JIl1qHOCTH. Kor~a MbI nOH~eM πο ΠΥτl1 060)!(e-
ΗΗΗ - C nOMOll(bIO EJIarO~aTH, CO~eHCTBYHΕΗ 11CBOl1MHYCHJIl1HMH - Β ΤΟΤ
MOMeHT, KOr~a MbI BbιpBeMCH Η3 3aMKHyrocTH CBOerO HH~HBH~yaJIbHOrO
6b1THH11HaqHeM JII06HTb, BCe 60JIbllIe OT~aBaH Ce6H Eory Η 6JIH)I(HHM, TOr~a
pO~aeTCH JIHqHOCΤb. .π:ΡΥΓΗΜΗCJIOBaMl1,MbI 06peTaeM CaMHX CC6H TaM, r~e
HallIe 'Ή" BCΤpeqaeτ "TbI" Eora Η "TbI" 6JIHIΚHCrO - ΠΟΤΟΜΥ ΙΙΤΟ HMeHHO Β
061l(eHHl1 060IΚeHHH, pa~H KOToporo MbI Η C03~aHbI, MbI TOJIbKO 11MO)!(eM
paCKpbITbCH nOJIHOCTbIO,OTKpbITbCH Η HaCJIa~l1TbCH~pyr ~pyrOM qHCTO, He
3r0l1CTl1qHO.
TaKOB ~yx EOIΚeCTBeHHOHΠΗτΥΡΓΗΗ, Β κοτοροΗ MbI YΙΙl1MCH npeBOCXO-
~HTb CBOH MeJIOqHbIe HH~HBH~yaJIbHbIe nO)!(eJIaHHH, BHYllIaeMbIe rpeXOM,
~eMOHaMH Η CTpaCTHMl1, YΙΙl1MCH OTKpbIBaTbCH ~JIH IΚepTBeHHOrO 061l(eHHH
JII06BH ΒΟ XpHCTe.
OC03HaHl1e TaKOrO BbICOKOrOHa3HaqeHHH, KaK 060IΚeHHe, CnOC06HO ~aTb
HCΤHHHOe yrellIeHl1e 11HCnOJIHeHHe qeJIOBeqeCKOHJIl1qHOCTl1.
npaBOCJIaBHbIH "ryMaHH3M" HallIeH ~epKBH OCHOBaHHa 3ΤΟΜ 60IΚeCΤBeH-
ΗΟΜ np113BaHHl1 BCeXJIIO~eH, Η ΠΟΤΟΜΥΠpl1BO~HT BCeCl1JIbIJIl1qHOCTH Κ nOJI-
HeHIIIeMY paCKpbITl1IO.
KaKOH ΗΗοΗ ΓyMaHH3M, KaKHM 6bI npOrpeCCHBHbIM 11CMeJIbIM ΟΗ Ηl1 Ka-
3aJICJI,CTOJIbpMHKaJIeH KaK "ryMaH113M" QepKOBHbIH, B03BO~Hll(l1H qeJIOBeKa
Κ ΤΟΜΥ, qT06bI CΤaTb 60rOM? HHr~e KpOMe ~epKBl1 BbI He HaH~eTe TaKOrO
qeJIOBeKOJII0611H.
Β HaIIIH ΠΗl1 CJIHIlIKOM ΜΗΟΓΟ IΚeJIaIOIl(HX 06MaHYTb JIIO~eH, Β
OC06eHHOCTl1 MOJIO~e)!(b, pa3JIl1qHbIMH nCeB~OrYMaHHbIMl1 BbI~YMKaMl1,

-- 28--
· ~'(;"Ι"Ι'(ό"Ι"Ι""';'("'(Ι'("'Ι'("";'''''Ι'(;'';''φV~~~/~~~~

KOTopbIe Ha ,l\eJIe yp0,l\YIOT, KaJIetJaT tJeJIOBeKa, a He Be,l\YΤ ero Κ nOJIHOTe.


Π03ΤΟΜΥ OtJeHb Βa)ΚΗΟ CeHtJaC nO,l\tJepKHYΤb 3ΤΥ CTOPOHY nO,l\JIMHHOrO
U:epKOBHOrO OKOpMJIeHMH.

Π~GΛ.eΑGΤΒΗΧ AYXOBHoro ΟΚΟΡΜΛ.eΗΗΧ,


He BeAymerO Κ OEoiΚeHHro
ιiI1oJIo,l\e)Κb M~eτ OnbITa. YcτaB οτ MaTepMaJIM3Ma Μ pa~MOHaJIM3Ma ΤΟΓΟ 06-
~eCΤBa, KoTopoe MbI, ΜΧ OT~bI, ΜΜ nepe,l\aJIM, HamM ,l\eτM - 06pa3bI ΕΟ)ΚΜΜ,
npM3BaHHbIe ΗΜ cτaTb 60raMM πο EJIaro,l\aTM - M~YΤ tJero-To BHe pa~Mo-
HaJIbHbIX φΟρΜ MaTepMaJIMcτMtJecKoH φΜJIΟCOφΜΜ Μ 6e360)ΚΗοrο 06pa30Ba-
ΗΜΗ, KOTopbIe MbI npe,l\JIaraeM ΜΜ. ΟΗΜ PBYΤCH Κ nepe)ΚMBaHMIO MCTMHHOH
)ΚΜ3ΗΜ, ΜΜ He,l\OCΤaTOtJHO TOJIbKO CJIbImaTb Ο Eore. ΟΗΜ ΧΟΤΗΤ caMM nOtJYB-
CΤBOBaTb Ero, Ero CBeT, Ero EJIarO,l\aTb. He 3HaH, tJTO U:epKOBb MO)Κeτ ,l\aTb ΜΜ
Bce 3ΤΟ Μ MMeeτ ΤΟΤ OnbIT, ΚΟΤΟρΟΓΟ ΟΗΜ M~YΤ, MHorMe Μ3 ΗΜΧ M~YΤ He TaM,
Β CBoeM nOYlCKe tJero-To Ha,l\pa~MOHaJIbHOrO npM6eraH Κ pa3JIMtJHbIM ,l\eme-
BbIM nO,l\MeHaM.
O,l\HM yωιeKaIOTCH BOCTOtJHbIM MMCΤM~M3MOM, BpO,l\e HorM, ,l\pyrMe - ΟΚ-
ΚYJIbTM3MOM Μ rHOCTM~M3MOM, a nOCJIe,l\Hee BpeMH, Κ co)ΚaJIeΗΜΙΟ, Μ οτκρο-
BeHHbIM caraHM3MOM.
qTO,l\O HpaBCΤBeHHOCΤM, TO,l\JIH ΗΜΧ He c~eCΤBYeτ rpaHM~. EY.lIYtJM BbI-
XOJIO~eHbI Μ σropBaHbI στ cooero nO,l\JIMHHOro Ha3HatJeHMH - CCXΆMH5IThtJeJIOOCκa
C EorOM CBHTbIM - HpaBCΤBeHHbIe npMH~MnbI nOTepHJIM BCHKMH CMbICJI.
OTCIO,l\a TaKOH TparMtJeCKMH pa3ryJI aHapXM3Ma Μ TeppopM3Ma. MHorMe
Μ3 Tex, κτο YlMeIOT rny60κyIO nOTpe6HOCΤb peaJIM30BaTb 3aJIο)ΚeΗΗΥΙΟ Β ΗΜΧ
CMny, ΗΟ He MOryτ, ΠΟΤΟΜΥ tJTO ΗΜΚΤΟ He HanpaBMJI ΜΧ Κ 060)ΚeΗΜΙΟ, npe,l\a-
IOTCH BCHΚMM KpaHHOCΤHM Μ HaCMJIMIO ΠΟ OTHOmeHMIO Κ CBOMM 6JIΜ)ΚΗΜΜ.
EOJIbmMHCΤBO MOJIO,l\bIX JIIO,l\eH, ,l\a Μ He TOJIbKO MOJIO,l\bIX, pacτpatJMBaIOT
Ha tJYBCΤBeHHOCTb Μ ΠJIOTCKMe HaCJIίDΚ,l\eHMH ,l\parO~eHHoe BpeMH )ΚΜ3ΗΜ Μ
M36bITOK CMJI, ,l\aHHbIH EorOM Ha το, tJT06bI npeycneTb Β ,l\eJIe 060)ΚeΗΜΗ. KaK
)κaJIΚΟ, tJTO tJacτo C nOΠYCΤMTeJIbCΤBa rocY,l\apCTBa, re,l\OHM3M Μ Y,l\OBOJIbCTBMH
ΠJIOTM CTaHOBHTCH COBpeMeHHbIMM I1,l\OJIaMM, HbIHemHHMM '(60)ΚΚaΜΜ", cepbe3Ho

29
nOBpe~aH TeJIa Η .ιφ.πΗ MOJIO~bIXJIΙO~eH.
)J.pyrHe, He HMeH peIlIHTeJIbHO HHKaKHX ~eaJIOB, TpaTHT BpeMH Ha pa3-
JIHtIHbIe 6eCQeJIbHbIe Η 6eCΠJIO~HbIe 3aHHTHH.MHbIe HaXO~HT y~OBOJIbCΤBHeΒ
6eCCMbICJIeHHbIX rOHKaX Ha CKOpOCΤHX,CΤOJIbtIacτo ΠpHBO~H~HX Κ KaTaCΤ-
ΡοφaΜ Η CMepTH. Α HHbIe, nOCJIe ΜΗΟΓΗΧ 6~aHHH, 6e3BOJIbHO C~aΙOTCHΒ
~bHBOJIbCKHHΠJIeH HapKOMaHHH, STOH COBpeMeHHOH tIYMbI.
HaKOHeQ, MHOrHe, nOCJIecpaBHHTeJIbHO He~OJIrOH )ια/3ΗΗ nOJIHOH pa30tIa-
pOBaHHH Η Hey~atI, C03HaTeJIbHOHJIH 6ecc03HaTeJIbHO npepbIBalOT ΜΥΚΥCBOHX
6eCQeJIbHbIX nOHCKOB,~o~ ~o XY~IlIeH φΟΡΜbΙ OTιιaHHHH - caMoy6HHCΤBa.
Bce :3ΤΗMaJIbtIHΚHΗ ~eBOtIΚH,~OBeΆIlIHe Ce6H ~o τaΚHX 6e3YMHbIX Η pa3py-
IlIHTeJIbHbIX ~eHCTBHH- He nocropoHHHe HaM. 3το HaIlIa MOJIO~t)Κb,~eTH - KaK
ΕωΚΗΗ, TaK Η HaIlIH - pa30tIapOBaHHbIe TeM paQHOHaJIHCΤHtIeCΚHM, CaMO~OC-
TaTOtIHbIM 06meCTBOM, KOΤOpOeMbI ΗΜ nepeΆaJIH. ΟΗΗ He cyMeJIl1 HaHTH QeJIb,
ΜΗ κοτοροΗ ΟΗΗ 6bIJIH C03~aHbI, peaJIbHyιo ΠρΗΙΙΗΗΥ Η BetIHbIH CMbICJI6bI-
ΤΗΗ - ΠΟΤΟΜΥΙΙΤΟ Be~b MbI He npenO~aJIH STOrO ΗΜ, Η ΟΗ, STOTBeqHbIH CMbICJI,
OCΤaJICHΟΤ ΗΗΧ 3aKpbIT. ΜΜ 6bmO HeBe~OMO y~HBHTeJIbHOe Ha3HatIeHHe tIe-
JIOBetIeCKOH)ια/3ΗΗ - 06ωκeΗΗe. He HaXO~ ΠΟΚΟΗΗΗ Β tIeM, ΟΗΗ ΟΤ OTιιaH-
ΗΜΗ~OIIIJIH ~o BCerO STOrO.

---~---
HeMaJIO yικe naCΤbιpeH CBHTOHnpaBOCJIaBHOH QepKBH - HepapXOB, CBH-
meHHHKOB, ~YXOBHHKOBΗ 60roJIιo6HBbIX ΜΗρΗΗ - ΠΟ XpHCΤHaHCKOH JIΙ06BH
eJΚeΆHeBHOnOCBHmaΙOΤCHJIbI~YXOBHOMYPYΚOBO~CΤBYMOJIO~eικu Κ QeJIH 060-
)ΚeΗΜΗ.MbI 6JIarO~apHo npHBeτcτByeM ΗΧ )ΚeΡΤΒeΗΗbιe YCHJIHH11BepHM, ΙΙΤΟ
tIepe3 STOT ΗΧ EoronpHHTHbIH τpy~ EJIarO~aTb cnaCeτ Η OCBHTHT~YΙΙΙH, 3a
KOTOpbIe YMep XpHCΤOC.
CBHTOrOPQbI CMHpeHHO ΠΟΜeΡ)ΚΗΒaιοτ QepKOBb Β STOH BeJIHKOH 60pb-
6e. EY~YΙΙH ~eHCTBHTeJIbHbIMY~eJIOMEO)lα/eH MaTepH, OC06bIM MeCΤOM OCBH-
meHHH Η YΠOKOeHMHΒ Eore, ΑφΟΗ Η306ΗJIbΗΌ-Bκyιιιaeτ 6JIarOCJIOBeHHe 060-
)ΚeΗΗΗ, )lα/Beτ 06meHHeM C EOrOM Η HMeeτ ΗρΚΗΗ Η HBHbIH OnbIT Ero EJIaro-
~aTH, Ero CBeτa.
Βοτ nOtIeMY MHOrne, Β ΤΟΜ tIHCJIe Η 60JIbIlIOe KOJIHtIeCΤBOΜΟJIο~e)κΗ, πο-
nyqaιoτ nOJIb3Y,Η yκpeΠJIeHHe, Η B03pO~eHHe ΒΟ XpHCΤe tIepe3 naJIOMHHtIe-
CΤBOHa ΑφΟΗ HJIH Η 60JIee TeCHyιo ~YXOBHyιo CBH3b C ΗΗΜ. 3'1'0 nOMOraeτ ΗΜ
nOqyBCΤBOBaTb Β CBOeH)ια/3ΗΗ Eora. ΜΜ OTKpbIBaeτCH, 3atIeM H)l)ΚHbI npano-
CJIaBHe,XpHCΤHaHCKHH ΠO~BHΓΗ ~YXOBHaH60pb6a, Η KaKOΙOBeJIHKOIOpa~oc-
TbΙO Η CMbICJIOMΟΗΗ HanOJIHHΙOTΗΧ )κΗ3Ηb. )J.pyrHMH CJIOBaMH,ΟΗΗ BκyιιιaIoT

--30--
BκymaroT ΟΤ 3TOrO Y~HBHTeJIhHOro EOIΚHH~apa tJeJIOBetJecτBy,ΟΤ 060IΚeHHH.
Η BceM HaM - nacτbIpHM QepΚBH, 6orOCJIoBaM Η KareXH3aTOpaM - He cne-
pyeτ M01ItJaTb 06 060IΚeHHH, 3a6hIBaH 3ΤΟ HCKOHHoe HanpaBJIeHHe ΠΟωΙΗΗΗΟ
QepKoBHoro ~OBHOro OKOpMJIeHHH.nOCp~CTBOM ero Η tJMa HamH, Η MhI
CMHpeHHhIe, EOlΚHeo MHJlOCThroeικ~eBHO nO~BH3aHChB,nOKaHHHH Η crpeM-
neHHH XO~HTh Β Ero CBHThIX3anOB~X, npH6nHJΚaeMCH Κ B03MOJΚHOCΤHΒ03-
pMOBaThCH ο raKOM HeH3petJeHHOM 6narocnoBeHHH fOCnO~HeM: e~HHeHHH C
ΗΗΜ. HaM nO~aeτCH B03MOIΚHOCΤhrny6IΚe pMOBaThCH Β 3ΤΟΟ 1ΚΗ3ΗΗ Η CΤH-
IΚaTh BetJHOe 6narocnoBeHHe Η 6naικeHCΤBO.
HaM 6hI ΗΜΟ HenpeCΤaHHO 6narO~apHTh CBHTOrOEora 3a ~ap 060IΚeHHH,
~ap BenHKOH Ero nro6BH. OrκnHΚHyThα 6hI nro60Bhro Ha Ero nro60Bh. fOC-
nO~h Ham xotJeτ Η ικ~eτ Hamero 060IΚeHHH. qro 60nhme? HMeHHO WIH 3ΤΟ-
ro ΟΗ cran qenoBeKoM Η }'Mep Ha Kpecre: tJΤ06hI BOCCHHThKaK COnHI.\e cpe~H
MHOrHX COnHI.\, KaK Eor nOcpe~H 60rOB.
G~Α6ΡiΚι\ΗΗ6:

npe~HCJlOBHe .............................................................................••.......... 3
06ωκeΗΗe KaK CMbICJI
qeJlOBeqeCKOH)ΚΗ3ΗΗ ..................................................................••........... 5
BOnJlO~eHHe Eora - 3aJlor 060JKeHHR qenOBeKa 7

YqaCTHe npecBRToH
EOrOpO~HQbI Β HameM 060JKeHHH 10

QepKOBb KaI<MeCTOο6ωκeΗΗR 12

06ωκeΗΗe ΒΟ3ΜΟ)ΚΗΟ6J1arO~apR HeTBapHbIM


Εο)ΚeCTΒeΗΗbΙΜ3HeprHRM ............................................................•........ 14

YCJlOBHR060)ΚeΗΗR 17

OnbIT 060)ΚeΗΗR 22

nOqeMY MHorHe He ~OCTHraΙOT 060)ΚeΗΗR? 25


nJlO~bI ~yxOBHOCTH 060)ΚeΗΗR 27

nOCJle~CTBHR ~YXOBHOΓOOKOpMJIeHHH,
He Be~~erO Κ 060)ΚeΗΗΙΟ .........................................................•....... 29

nepeBO,~ Η.Ε. JlapHoHoBOii


ΟΑΟ Τl1ποrΡaφΗΙΙ ΒΤI1. 3aKa3 NQ 1259