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(crust)

(seismic wave) (seismometer)


, (moment magnitude)
, (Richter) ,

(Mercalli
scale)
, ,
(epicenter) ,
, -

,
, (phenomenon) -
(seismic wave) ,
, , ,

(focus) (hypocenter)
(epicenter) , .

,
(magnitude)
, epicenter (epicenter)
, (wave propagation)[6]
(acceleration)
,
,
(seismic)


,
(dams),
(bridges) (nuclear power stations) ,
[7]

(Soil liquefaction)

(granular) (solid)
(liquid)


, .


,

, , , , ,
, ,
,
, .